Table of Contents Introduction
Youth culture under globalization
How the world youth are being Americanized
Limitations of globalization
The future of US domination in the world
Introduction Globalization is a reference often used by a lot of people and is defined in various ways. All the same, it is normally made out as being caused by a blend of financial, scientific, socio-cultural, opinionated and organic features. The reference can also point to the worldwide flow of initiatives, lingos, or popular culture by way of assimilation. One of the mainly contentious facets of this phenomenon is the universal spread and domination of American way(s) of life (Mercy Corps, 2009, p.1).
In the same manner as United States commodities flooded global markets in the period following the Second World War, American way(s) of life are at the moment making a way into each continent by way of the spectacular development of mass communications such as song, TV, motion pictures and the World Wide Web.
The making way into other parts of the world of US companies has as well played a major role in this. Overseas leaders and activists drawn from various backgrounds have reiterated their concerns that the ways of the world may turn out to be too Americanized and end up wiping out other cultures.
A feature of the globe that has undergone the above described course can be said to be globalized. For instance, in business, it means the rising fusion of the globe’s trade and Industry order by way of cutback of such hurdles to global business as levies, export charges and import rations.
The aim is to add to material affluence, commodities and services by way of an intercontinental sharing out of effort through good organization(s) enhanced by global associations, specialism and contention. It depicts the means through which area financial systems, civilizations, and customs have turned out to be incorporated by way of communication, haulage, and doing business.
The reference is for the most part directly linked with the reference economic globalization. This refers to the amalgamation of state-run financial systems into the intercontinental economy by way of buying and selling, overseas direct venture, resources flows, migration, the broadening of expertise, and armed forces being there.
As a result globalization, it is imperative that businesses and various other ventures have to alter their way of doing things so as to stay afloat or survive in the marketplace. This means that they need to rethink their strategies in order to incorporate the reality of globalization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More International marketplaces and especially the surfacing ones present lucrative prospects. For a lot of businesses it is the single front for advancement as subsisting marketplaces get established with a small number of opportunities for lucrative chances (Hopeton, 1995, p. 88).
As international markets develop by way of the rising use of the World Wide Web and with enhanced delivery chains, it is probable that there are a lot of unexploited sectors around the globe that would open to a transnational firm, in spite of the trade. Progressively, the globe is turning out to be an accessible international business place. To stop production, selling, and offering services at one’s home-base boundaries is not just whimsical, but also ill-judged.
Intercontinental marketing and existence is mostly characterized majorly in conditions of the echelon of participation of the firm in the worldwide marketplace, and sell overseas, transnational and worldwide marketing are most extensively mulled over. As a result, these are the major areas in which the strategies of any international venture or one that aims to go that way need to ponder over.
Youth culture under globalization The globalization of the way(s) of living, the impact on customs of the greater than ever association of the globe and its inhabitants, is conceivably nowhere more able to be seen than in the shifting nature of the affiliation involving the globe’s youth and their sense of identity.
It has turned out to be routine to think of the globe’s youth as that component of the society who are most open, or, on the other hand, inclined to alien cultural ways. The United States of America has the globe’s leading economy and the strongest known armed forces, and has taken huge leaps in influencing the rest of the humanity to think and operate the same way they do (Millet, 2010, p.1).
The youth are normally at a stage where they get exposed to various aspects which fascinate them. As a result, they most of the times have the desire to act and go about their affairs in ways which they have found fashionable and copied from whichever culture(s). With the American ways of life being the most dominant in the world today, then most of them ape this culture.
If early days stand for acceptance, and maturity means conservatism, youth stands for noncompliance. The formative years are seen as the portion of the general public that is most expected to take on a course of cultural sponging that is upsetting of the duplication of long-established cultural ways. These practices range from ways of clothing, verbal communication, aesthetics, and thoughts, among others.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Youth Culture under Globalization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Formative social groups come out as being absolutely defiant derived as much from a longing to throw out the ways of the age bracket that went earlier than them, as from an individuality with what they have turned out to be. The extent to which the American ways of life have penetrated the globe is not difficult to notice. It is actually very clear that the era of globalization, more than any other era prior to it, is a period that has both imparted immense impacts upon, and been hugely impacted by young persons.
How the world youth are being Americanized Americanization is the modern-day reference used for the sway the United States has on the ways of life of other nations, replacing their ways of life with American trends (Galeota, 2004, p. 21). A majority of the globe appears to be tagging along America and dropping its real forms of life.
The phenomenon has not left even the Chinese community that has no weak points (Tamura, 1993, p. 110). The taking upon other people’s way(s) of life against one’s better judgment has an unconstructive implication, whereas, when it is hunted out of one’s own free will it has an affirmative implication.
A lot of cultures more than ever the Europeans have in most times looked down on Americans articulating that they have no culture. Nevertheless, as any social scientist will say, even having no defined way of life is a culture in its own right. As a result, for several years the land of settlers has been on a course of forming distinctiveness and for this reason a culture.
Talking of style, trends that originated in America are now commonplace in other parts of the world. For instance, the laid-back American trend of putting on jeans, T-shirt and sneakers is now widespread and up to standard in lots of places.
Those working in offices and other formal environments can in most times be seen in tight jeans and long sleeved shirts, with ties on. The justification is that this is a contemporary style (read American). Another widespread replication of styles that originated in the Americas is the cowboy hats, boots and big silver belt fasteners. These originated form mainly Texas and Arizona.
The American music business has also played a major role in influencing the youth trends across the world. Those in their formative years are copying the trends of famous artistes. Youths even in the developing world are struggling to live like these idols. Even those who are keen to venture into the showbiz industry are not following the ways of their forefathers, instead they want to conduct their affairs the American way.
This can be seen from well-known artists like 50-cent, Jay-z, Lil John, among others, with their showy modes of dress set apart by ostentatious jewelry, popularly known as bling bling (Millet, 2010, p.1). It is not uncommon to see young people from other parts of the world who are out to sing donning styles that are copied from these artists.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Youth Culture under Globalization by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More World over, the United States of America is conceivably best branded for its various and doing well fast food outlets. Such franchises, together with Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, McDonald’s, Burger King, and Kentucky Fried Chicken, among others, are famous for producing and selling fast foods and drinks.
Travelling around the world reveals that that there is numerous such food joints, and they even adopt the same names. Such places are popular with the generation in their formative years who are out to look trendy and fashionable. This is despite the fact that much of the food sold in such joints has been proven by medical experts to be cause for lifestyle diseases such as obesity.
Another area of American culture that has influenced youth in the rest of the world and cannot be ignored is popular culture. The broadcast of American ways of life has been majorly by way of a number of channels with the leading medium being the electronic media. TV and films have really shown the world how the Americans conduct their issues.
The Hollywood actors appearing strong and smoking cigars and slim women have all had an effect on the manner in which youths in the rest of the world want to conduct their affairs. A majority of the youth nowadays do not pay much attention to music, movies and other entertainment stuff produced in their native lands. Instead they are looking up to material originating from the Americas.
It is open for all to see that many nations and continents now have correspondents of the American entertainment awards. Almost all of these awards imitate what takes place in the famed American functions like the Grammy Awards for the music industry and the Oscar Awards for movies. All these are events and functions in which the youth have interest and copy trends from (Millet, 2010, p.1).
A lot of nations have also gone ahead and have come up with theme recreational areas founded on the American Disney World form. Language has not been left behind as young people copy American English and slang. This is because they are in most of the times engrossed in music, movies, and literature, among other stuff from America.
The United States of America have a huge stake and influence in the advancement of the World Wide Web and its associated technology. Gurus of both hardware and software stuff that is related with internet use are majorly drawn from America. As a result, inventions in that field are never devoid of the American touch. The youth who have a keen interest in the latest inventions and advancements thus find themselves inclined to the American way(s) of doing things.
Basketball is a loved sport in the US and if keen observations are made in the rest of the world then one cannot fail to notice how the trends of the game are replicated especially among college students.
Limitations of globalization Adoption of American culture in other parts of the world and especially by the young generation has not been taken lightly by all. Various arguments have been raised and they make a lot of sense. If the trend continues, then the globe will eventually be Americanized. With America being the most dominant economy in the world with a mighty armed forces to boot then no other developed culture can surpass it in swaying the world to adopt its trends (Mercy Corps, 2009, p.1).
This is a huge disadvantage to other cultures as their ways will be wiped out in a matter of time. The end result will be cultural and corporate imperialism. Cultural imperialism refers to the supremacy of one culture over another, with the same being the case for the corporate world. The cause can be due to planned strategy or by economic or scientific authority, or a combination of all these factors.
The youth in other parts of the world, particularly in the developing world who are keen to take on foreign practices are the ones to suffer negative consequences. Economically there is going to be the utilization of foreign poor workers by the dominant economy(s). Such workers are utilized as cheap labor since they are desperate and desire to work for the industrialized and developed nations.
The future of US domination in the world It has been observed that as long the United States remains the dominant economy and the world superpower then its dominance in many fronts in the world might not come to an end any time soon. The aspects of society in which young people everywhere have interest in are majorly dominated by the Americans.
These range from entertainment, sports, fashion, technology and corporate trends, among others. With the advancement of communication through electronic media these things are accessible from any part of the world. Young people are energetic and take up these things with lots of gusto. It will take a lot for another entity to come in and overtake the US, taking into account that it has been there for quite some time now.
It is interesting to note that as this debate continues, Americans rebuff the notion that their culture is a threat to other overseas ways of life. A majority of them think that such claims are blown out of proportion. All in all, US culture had a huge effect on other cultures in the 20th century, and observers believe the same will be the case in the 21st century.
Reference List Millett, F. (2010). Americanization. Web.
Mercy Corps. (2009). Americanization or globalization? Web.
Galeota, J. (2004). Cultural Imperialism: An American Tradition.
Hopeton S. Dunn. (1995). Globalization, communications, and Caribbean identity. St Martin’s Press, New York and Randle Publishers, Kingston.
Tamura, E. (1993). Americanization, Acculturation, and Ethnic Identity: THE NISEI GENERATION IN HAWAII (Asian American Experience). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
American cultural imperialism in the film industry is beneficial to the Canadian society Term Paper college essay help near me
Imperialism may be regarded as a situation where a nation exerts a lot of effort to influence and dominate other countries and mostly politically and economically. Cultural imperialism on the other hand is considered as the situation where the western countries dominate the media worldwide and in the process exert a lot of influences on the cultures of the developing nations that in turn conform to theirs. Imperialism has both negative and positive consequences to both the donor and recipient nations.
One of greatest advantage of the imperialism to the donor nations which are generally the western nations is its success to influence the cultures and views of the residents in the third world nations. They thus end up embracing foreign cultures since they perceive them as being more superior to theirs.
This process has necessitated the growth and expansion of the western firms and in particular American companies. The advancement of technology and especially the Information Technology (IT) has greatly boosted the concept of American cultural imperialism as a result of the enhanced integration that is associated with the advanced IT that greatly enhances globalization through e-commerce.
The high spread of the American culture in many parts of the world has become an issue of concerns to many nations as is sometime being taken as a modern form of colonialism. The American imperialism is characterized by an increased consumption of American products and the dominance of the American culture worldwide.
Many nations are complaining because of the domineering aspect of the American culture. Many nations associate American cultural imperialism as a key factor that has greatly contributed in eroding their native values and traditions. The aspect of imperialism is not a new phenomenon in the 21st century; Imperialism has been in existence since the time of the Roman emperor and also the 19th century during the period of European colonization.
The cause of the great worry on the American cultural imperialism is the impact in which it is spreading. The American culture imperialism has seen widespread proliferation of the U.S. products across the globe. Despite the complain from some nations on the domineering aspect of the American culture, some nations such as Canada are now happier due to the American culture imperialism as it has caused them more good than harm (Culture and Globalization, 2011).
The concept of the use of media to promote imperialism has been an issue of controversial for long. It has been addressed by various scholars among them Latin American thinkers who included Tomlinson who argued that globalization is a term that is used to refer to the latest phase to a process that has a long history.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He considered the concept as a process that is aimed on propagating western cultures where the developed nations dominate all the other cultures. There is a perception that the media imperialism believe that the western countries apart from controlling the international media trade , also use the same media to convey their cultures, economic values and especially capitalism and consumerism to majority of the third world countries.
According to the renowned Herbert Schiller, the idea of cultural imperialism represents the manner in which society is transformed into the modern global system. To realize this objective, the western countries use the mechanism of pressurizing, forcing and occasionally bribing in order to change the social institutions so that to conform to those of the western nations and also promote their values.
The Cultural Imperialism model depicts that the worldwide culture is predominately American culture. He considers the global culture as being conquered by graphic and visual arts such that he considers it having been greatly influenced by the current televisions, films, images and methods of advertisement (Culture and Globalization, 2011).
The popularity of the United States of America books, music and films in many countries across the global has raised a lot of interest to many diverse groups of people ranging from politicians, economists and academicians. There have also been diverse views about the impact of globalization of American culture to foreign cultures.
There is a great concern of whether the propagation of American goods in these countries is causing any influence on the domestic or international policies of these nations. Similarly, there is also a worry of whether the Proliferation of the American goods to these nations and especially American films is a threat to the traditions and values of the indigenous people.
There are many benefits that are associated with the phenomenon of globalization of both the production and distribution of goods and services. One most important aspect of globalization is its ability to give individuals access to products/services that they do not produce.
In addition, some scholars argue against globalization as it creates a challenge in consumption of locally produced goods because of availability of foreign goods at a lower cost. Some countries are successful in producing their products at a lower cost due to their advanced technology, cheap labor, energy and other factors of productions.
We will write a custom Term Paper on American cultural imperialism in the film industry is beneficial to the Canadian society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This helps them to sell their produce at reduced prices. Thus, availability of such commodities can cause a lot of harm to local companies that are not able to lower their cost of their goods as a result of high cost of production. Globalization also is noted to enhance international trade and in particular in cultural products/services such as TV productions, soaps and operas, music among others.
The increase of cultural trade is associated with introducing all societies to foreign cultures which have in turn enhanced mutual cooperation and peace in the diverse global society. There is a perception that exposure to the foreign culture and products is associated with changing the local cultures, traditions and values adversely. This can result to a society undermining its own cultural identity
The issue of the American cultural imperialism is a significant issue under consideration. A study conducted by UNESCO revealed that there is a high rise in the growth of cultural trade. The film trade recorded a rise from $ 47.8 billion by 1980 to a high of $ 213.7 billion in 1997.
This represents a great expansion in demand and sale of cultural goods and especially games, films and sporting goods. The united States of America have realized the demand of these products and thus have greatly invested in this area to become the leading export of culture trade and especially the films.
According to the UNESCO findings, US has become the dominant country in the production and sale of cultural goods globally and mostly in the audiovisual sector. 85% of all the movies that are sold globally are produced in Hollywood. Surprisingly, even in the Europe the U.S. movies are the one that dominate the market.
The study reveals that 80% of the movies that are watched in Europe originate from Hollywood. This is surprisingly of the cultural dominance of the American culture worldwide even in Europe. This is despite U.S being not the leading in film production as it is currently ranked the fourth largest. The three leading film producing countries in the worlds are China, India and Philippines.
The dominance of the United States of America films worldwide has thus become a controversial issue since majority of the nations are complaining that their culture is under siege due to the cotemporary increase in the American culture as a result of increased globalization supported by current advancement in Information Technology.
The reason behind the extensive adaption of the American culture and especially the American movies and TV productions is as a result of the market mechanism the U.S. has established to retain a competitive advantage over its rival countries such as India and China, but not the presumed assumptions about its conspiracy to propagate capitalism agenda. The well established American competitive edge has enhanced the sale of American cultural products worldwide.
Not sure if you can write a paper on American cultural imperialism in the film industry is beneficial to the Canadian society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The competitive advantages of the American products have ensured them being universally accepted worldwide and especially the American films thus dominating the market globally. The trade has also experienced some challenges such as an increase in piracy and bootlegging of the American films. This also explains why the high adaption of American movies is as a result their universal appeal worldwide, but not due to the presumed conspiracy of capitalism (Rauschenberger, 2003).
The American movies, music and other TV productions such as soap operas and sitcom enjoy the inherent advantage of being produced in America. This is because U.S. is among the countries that are leading worldwide both in technology and having the largest economy with a per capital GDP of approximately $ 37,600.
The capitalism of the American trade has also benefited their film industry greatly as it has established a competitive market economy where private individuals and firms make most of their business decisions with very minimal interference from the government in comparison to other films from other areas such as Europe or Asia that have ventured in the same industry.
American films are more flexible in their day-to-day operations such as have more flexibility in decision making processes such as; expansions lay off surplus and in the development of new products.
In addition, the American films have more advantage in being a bit ahead in the technology. The United States are regarded as the leading in the development of internet. The United States of America are thus leading in the internet development that has also enabled them become the leading in country e-commerce which greatly enhances the propagation of their products and especially in the film industry.
Thus, the U.S. cultural industry has propagated that much due to the prevailing conditions that are enjoyed by American films. The U.S. films enjoy a larger production budget, strong home returns, greater flexibility and a more advanced technology. The other factor that has enhanced the propagation of the American imperialism industry is the fact that these films are produced in English language which is among the commonly spoken language worldwide (Rauschenberger, 2003).
As earlier outlined, globalization allows firms to distribute American cultural products that range from films, books and music worldwide. The spread of these products goes hand in hand with the propagation of American culture.
To Americans a cultural industry is treated like any other industry and brings the country a lot of revenue in the form of local and foreign sales. For Canadians, cultural industries are not treated like other industries. In addition to bringing the nation a lot of returns, they create products that are responsible for the fundamental survival of the Canadian culture.
The globalization has seen countries like Canada being adversely affected by the American cultures. This is because Canada is one of the greatest consumers of the American products. In addition, the close relation that exists between America and Canada has greatly contributed to the high America cultural imperialism of the Canadians (Leonard, 2001).
Recently there have been an increased number of television productions that feature American films worldwide. Many United States companies have expanded outside the United States and particularly in Canada.
A study carried out between 1990 and 1998 revealed that the number of American films and television productions that were being produced outside U.S. has almost doubled from 14 percent to 27 percent. The same study showed that the number of U.S television films that were being produced in Canada had increased from 122 to 154.
The total value of the television productions and films amplified to over $ 3.5 billion in 1999.The major destination of the U.S. film and television productions are Canada, Ireland, United Kingdom and Australia. These countries are believed to share four characteristics that greatly boosts cross border trade and cooperation. The four aspects they share all share include; all speak English language, have very competent workforce, offer a range of incentive programs to the film sector and lastly all possess a fast growing film industry.
Despite these similar traits, Canada is by far the largest recipient of U.S. film productions. The estimated value of U.S productions in Canada is about US$ 573 million to US$ 2.24 billion by 1998. The film productions in Canada have currently greatly increased and this is closely linked with the U.S. film productions. The film and television productions in Canada have increased to as much as US$ 2.4 billion in 1999.
The industry is believed to create approximately 100,000 direct jobs in Canada alone with majority of them believed to be U.S productions. Canada has also benefited from the U.S films in enhancing its domestic film productions based greatly from the doings of the U.S film makers (Leonard, 2001).
The presence of the American films industries as identified there above have greatly assisted Canada in creation of job opportunities for its citizens. There are many films industries that have expanded their operations from America to Canada. These multinational companies have greatly boosted the Canadian economy greatly.
In addition to the job creation, they have also contributed in building the Canadian economy by the taxes they pay to the Canada government. This revenue has in turn been used by the Canada government to develop other sectors such as Canadian healthcare facilities, education and infrastructure.
These American films industries that operate in Canada has greatly enhanced the growth and development of Canadian films industries. They have done so by empowering the Canadians monetary through offering them employment opportunities. Through the money they receive as compensation for working for the American films industries located in Canada, many Canadian have saved these money and started their own film industry.
By working for these multinational companies, the Canadians have received a very important opportunities to learn from the Americans their sophisticated methods of films and TV productions. This has been a great step for the Canadian films’ since it has enabled their films productions to sell very well both locally and internationally (Leonard, 2001).
The America cultural imperialism has highly associated with eroding the values, cultures and traditions of many societies globally. There has been many complain worldwide to those that perceive the Americanization as a new form of colonization.
Such nations or individuals consider the America cultural imperialism as a mechanism that is designed by the U.S. to propagate their agenda of capitalism and individualism. Globalization has been noted to greatly boost the America cultural imperialism through the widespread adoption of e-commerce and particularly in the cultural trade.
Despite this outcry, there are some countries that have greatly benefited from America cultural imperialism. Canada is a good example of such a country that has greatly benefited from the Americanization phenomenon. The cultural trade and in particular the U.S film industries located in Canada have boosted the Canadian economy greatly through taxes paid to the government or salaries paid to Canadians employees and as a consequence of technology transfer among others.
Reference List Culture and Globalization. (30 September, 2011). Web.
Leonard, B. (2001). Migration of U.S. Film and Television Production: The Impact of Runaways on Workers and Small Business in the U.S. Film Industry. New York: Prentice Hall.
Rauschenberger, E. (2003). Examining the Mechanisms Behind U.S. Domination of the Global Cultural Trade. Web.
Demonstrative Communication Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Introduction Communication helps people to exchange ideas and feeling through various ways. Common means of communication are through exchange of words (verbal communication), written, and demonstrative communication. Demonstrative communication encompasses virtually all non-verbal and unwritten forms of communication such as facial expressions, body language and voice tones among others.
Effectiveness of demonstrative communication For demonstrative communication to be effective, various attempts should be made by both the receiver and sender of information. One of the requisites is to pay ardently rigid attention to all non-verbal signals such as body movements, Gestures, voice tones, postures while not negating maintenance of eye contacts.
As Cherry (2011) notes, “all these signals can convey important information that is not put in words (Para. 2)”. Demonstrative communication is particularly effective and positive to the receiver of information when the context of the communication varies.
In situation where formal behaviors are required, choosing the appropriate demonstrative communication is crucial. As a way of example, during formal interviews despite deploying use of positively identified way of answering queries, certain body movements help to enhance courtesy in communication. In fact, failure to sit still or making some funny body movements may speak sound about an individual’s character.
Changing of tone is especially effective in portraying discontent or one’s negative perception about another person’s line of thought or subscriptions’ through delayed confer of meaning. It has been established through research that, delaying appreciation of meaning in communication process has the capacity to attract lesser harsh ridiculing response from the receivers end. Cherry (2011) points out that, “tone of voice can convey a wealth of information, ranging from enthusiasm to disinterest to anger” (Para 8).
On the other hand, the incorporation of animated voice tone helps to demonstrate effectively one’s genuine interest on a particular topic. Demonstrative communication is essential and effectively aids in delivery of desired meaning in discursive forums and presentations involving large groups of people apparently by drawing and maintaining their attention all through.
Furthermore, demonstrative communication is effective in situations where communication barrier is evident using all written and verbal means of communication. Consider, French and a native English speaker. How can one depict sadness bearing in mind the two have no experience in speaking each other’s language. Facial communication through wrinkled faces can amicably help to do this. Again, a picture is worth a million words.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In case the sender wants to communicate effectively some information likely to attract varying understanding, a picture would sufficiently help accomplish this. For example, how could one describe clearly and precisely some biological information such as describing the shape of a part of a human body such as ulna or femur? Using words either verbally or in written form can never leave the same mental picture of what these parts look like than a picture would do.
Ineffectiveness of demonstrative communication In as much demonstrative communication may be highly effective in some situation, it fails miserably in others. Substantial ineffectiveness in demonstrative communication occurs in situations where long conversations are required, where details of the messages are desired, and where impressions are intended to be created on the receivers of information.
In the majority of demonstrative means of communication, mixed reactions are commonly evident since the meaning attached for instance to gestures depends on the individual’s capacity to interpret information conveyed in the gestures due to lack of standard gestures with particular meanings as opposed to verbal or written communication.
According to Keltner (1970) “the enactments of nonverbal behaviors may be associated with scenes in which these behaviors occur and where there were first learned” (p.59). Consequently, demonstrative communication is non-influential and thus cannot be used in all scenarios.
How demonstrative communication involves listening and responding No matter the kind of communication is deployed; meaning must be transferred from the sender to the receiver. For information to be received listening constitutes a major tool in the communication process. In demonstrative communication, seeing the sender’s mood change from say, good to bad, through change of facial expression, would then encompass the listening element.
To exemplify this scenario, consider a miss understanding between two people. An analysis of what might have triggered the miss understanding may reveal that the words that were used never caused the miss understanding, but rather the way the words were presented. Such realization point out evidence of missed element of communication: listening (the demonstrative communication never took pace).
As Cherry (2011) notes “making the nonverbal communication more clear, misunderstandings can be resolved” (Para. 9). The receiver of the information must send some reaction to the sender back for the communication process to be complete; otherwise the sender would make an assumption that his/her message didn’t reach the intended target and may be forced to contemplate a repeat.
We will write a custom Essay on Demonstrative Communication specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As a way of example, if gestures were used as means of demonstrative communication, the failure of the receiver to give a response would be treated by the sender as failed communication. The sender will thus attempt to draw the attention of the receiver to listen (look out for the gestures) to him/her by physically touching the receiver.
References Cherry, K. (2011). Top Ten Nonverbal Communication Tips: Improve Your Communication Skills. Retrieved From https://www.verywellmind.com/top-nonverbal-communication-tips-2795400
Keltner, J. (1970). The eloquence of action: Nonverbal communication, In J.W. Keltner, Interpersonal Speech-Communication. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.
Art and human values Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Regional aspects and Arts
Art and politics
Introduction Art is a very important element. It is a concept that has been in existence as long as human beings have existed. Art have a lot of importance which can be derived in terms of the values attached to it. The values are of different kinds depending on the type of art and the way people perceive them.
Despite the fact that art has been there since time immemorial, there are still people, especially in developing countries, who do not recognize and appreciate the human values that are contained in these arts as a result of many factors for instance ignorance, which has in turn been caused by lack of proper awareness creation on the values and importance.
The importance of a given piece of art is determined by the message it gives and how well it does so. This therefore necessitates that artists be more careful in their work to ensure that the intended message and meaning is passed to the right people at the right time. They should also ensure that they do no please some people at the expense of hurting the majority, an aspect that could not be received in a positive manner.
There are various forms of art for instance music, paintings, sculpture, dance, theatre, literature as well as architecture. This piece of work is going to give an in depth discussion of Art and human values as well as other aspects associated with it with much emphasis being given to the sectors from which human values can be deduced for instance religion, politics as well as social and cultural sectors.
Regional aspects and Arts Art has been deemed to have various functions and importance both at individual as well as societal level. Some of the functions of art include entertainment, edification or desire for experience as well as exaltation among others. Some of the values attached to different arts include bringing about social benefits through expression of feelings and social values, aesthetic value and documentation of traditional beliefs among others.
Religion is also another aspect that has been so much into art. Special forms of art are used by different religions and particular meanings attached to them where a slight deviation is treated as a form of blasphemy. Problems occur where art is taken as a form of criticism among religions where some are considered better than others on the basis of the kinds of art that they adopt and use in their religious proceedings and practices.
Art can also be categorized or associated with regions where different regions adopt, present and appreciate different forms of art. Some types of music and theater work could for example be popular in some regions and unknown in others depending on the populations, their culture and what they believe in and adore.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The regional aspect of art can well be understood through the aspect of culture where each culture is characterized by particular elements. The world is however becoming a global village and people are integrating so fast and so is the concept of multiculturalism which has led to spread of various art concepts from one region to the other (Gurley 51).
Art and politics Art is a very crucial element when it comes to politics and the different aspects that are associated with it. This is so because it is used to perpetrate different political activities and processes through passing of different ideologies and policies in an appropriate and effective manner that allows for easy understanding by the intended target population.
It is even argued that all forms of art are political in nature due to its excessive use to pass political information to the public or else challenge some form of governance. Artists have also been receiving public funds so that they may engage in manipulating people politically, an aspect that have been received with a lot of controversy especially where the artists affect the majority of the public negatively.
Even though there are instances where art has been used positively in politics, the negative aspects seem easier to identify. This is because most of the artists seem to be used by politicians and other interest groups, not for the gain of the public but rather for their own gain and that of the politicians. In other words, art has been viewed as a business and most of the human values cannot be clearly depicted. All in all, this does not disqualify different form of arts as fundamental elements in the contemporary society when it comes to politics.
Another perspective in which arts could be discussed in regard to politics is the manner through which some arts are recognized more than others not because of their content but rather on the basis of the artist and how best he or she is known. This has in a way contributed to lack of nurturing of good talents that would be of greater value to the world as a whole (Gurley 59).
Works Cited Gurley, Gregory. Art and Human Values. Cognella: San Diego, CA, 2011.
Hero’s journey: “Little Obama” Movie Analytical Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Introduction From the presidential campaigns and now his leadership, the life travels of Barack Obama have been important for discussion in understanding the forces which shaped his personality and behaviors. Many have suggested that his success in politics stems from the fact that he was a man of many nations. As this movie proves, Obama had a history of living in more than one continent. He had different places to call “home”.
As this movie suggests, the places he lived in, especially when he was a child, had the effect of transforming and shaping him into the personality he is today. In this movie, the character of Obama is the focus. How his stay in Indonesia as a child (possibly) shaped such is the focus of the movie. In the movie, the role played by Obama’s parents in shaping the personality of the young boy is also highlighted.
Thesis: Little Obama depicts how Obama was shaped by his stay in Indonesia into becoming a strong willled, friendly and diplomatic person.
In Little Obama (Obama Anak Monteng), there is no struggle to present Obama the president. Instead, the childhood of Obama is traced in the most probable way it happened. In the movie, young Obama is allowed to be the child he was (Adams 2).
He is allowed to do things which a child would be expected to do (without focusing on him as the future president). As would be the case for any child, the movie presents Obama learning most of his life lessons through play. In the movie, other major characters are the children whom Barry (Obama’s name in the movie) plays with.
As the movie is framed, these characters help the young Obama to understand many things about his life. They help him to search for his own identity. Watching the movie, one realizes the intention of the producers to insist on the point that without this stay in Indonesia, Obama would have probably not encountered the critical questions on his identify as he did.
Besides the idea of Indonesia as the setting for changing his behaviors, the movie also brings out parenting as an important issue. In this regard, the movie, besides highlighting the interactions which the young Obama had with friends, also presents the conversations and interaction with his parents. As the movie confirms, Obama learnt from, and was taught much, by his mother and stepfather.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Little Obama captures the period of Obama’s childhood from six years to when he was ten years. The belief of the movie is that these years were the most important one in laying ground to the character of Obama. The events in the movie happen in Monteng, Jakarta of Indonesia. They occur between the years of 1967 to 1971, indicating a capture of four years of obama’s childhood.
The movie opens when young Obama, referred to in the movie as Barry Obama comes to Indonesia. As it unfolds in the movie, little Obama comes into the country (Indonesia) alongside his mother (Ann Dunham). They were in the country because it was the homeland of the boy’s stepfather (Lolo Soetoro). By extension thus, Obama was coming into Indonesia as his second home because of the fact that his mother had been married to Soetoro (Asia Society 3).
This movie is based on the important elements of pluralism as well as differences. In the movie, scenes are expressly developed to create an experience of thematic learning. In the first scenes, Barry Obama comes to meet difficult question on his identify as a person. Meeting these people for the fist time, one kid asks Barry, “What are you actually? Going by the way Barry is astounded by the question, it comes clear he had not in his life thought about ‘whom’ he indeed was.
This question in the end becomes the main concept on which the whole of the movie develops. In the movie, Barry has to identify who he is because questions on his identity are not dying. In another of such questions, another kid wonders, “westerner, but dark colored…?”. Going by the way he was astonished again, this must also be the first time that Barry has to question himself on the ‘kind’ of a westerner that he was.
It was the first time he had to come into hard questions on his identify as an African-America. The ‘westerner’, which is the reference used by the other kids simply means that they were aware of where Barry and his family had come from. On this ground, it is clear the kids were in some way conscious of the history of westerners including their physical identifies.
In this scene thus, these kids wondered because to them there was no synergy between Barry and ‘westerners’. To Barry, these questions were to linger and disturb the mind. He was to question his identity and the differences he had with the other westerners which had prompted this reaction.
As the movie unfolds, one finds that Barry was being helped to answer questions on his identity. This was especially the case as questions kept coming (from the kids) which forced Barry to think more of ‘who’ he was. Another statement, which was almost a rhetorical question was, “weird hair. Big nose….”. In this scene, this kid was indeed pin-pointing on some of the things which according to them made Barry, a ‘different westerner’. They for example pointed out his hair here.
We will write a custom Essay on Hero’s journey: “Little Obama” Movie specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As the movie unfolds, it comes clear that young Barry (Obama) was learning so many things which besides his belief also related to his attitudes and perceptions. In learning positive attitudes and perceptions, the movie presents Barry’s parents as having played the greatest role.
In one of the scenes, Barry Obama learns from his stepfather on how to do boxing. In this boxing lesson, young Barry is taught by (Lolo Soetoro) his stepfather that in life one has to be strong. He learns that life has to be approached with a complete resolve to defend the self from the extremity by others.
After highlighting the immigration as well as the problems of acceptance by his friends, the movie presents young Obama as finally gelling with these people. At this point, the movie moves to the friends that young Obama had as well as the games they play. Here, the movie moves to the friendship he develops with Slamet (Slamet Djanuadi) and Yuniardi who are other children in the neibourhood.
There are many things that these friends are able to do together. Play is the most important thing they do all the time. In this, the young boys play tennis and another game called marple. These games are seen to be uniting the little Obama more and more with the two friends Yuniardi and Slamet
An event during these games with friends is of worth noting. This is when while playing with his close friends, Barry encounters and does clash with a boy named Carut. Carut belongs to a gang of bullies. In this event, Barry effectively defeats the bullies and shows his fighting (karate) prowess. As he comes out of this event and analyzes it later, young Barry has learnt many important lessons. The most important lesson that the young boy learns is that to fight, “isn’t the solution”.
He learns that conflicts can be amicably resolved. Here, he also learns that differences should not be a cause to war. In the scene, he comes out identifying that violence does not pay and instead is a loss to all parties who would benefit more if they negotiated and made peace. From this fight, Obama learns that besides avoiding war, he also has to accept himself and who he is as different from others.
From the incident, the young Obama learns that opening up and thus sharing is the best path to take. He learns that he has to accept that he has differences with others but has also to respect others who are different from him. In the movie, these lessons on how to live with others do not just come from his own experience. Instead, as the movie presents, they are lessons which are also impacted to him by his mother in the scenes she teaches him to avoid seeking the path of confrontation.
As the movie unfolds, Barry Obama in the end learns who he is and comes out able to appreciate and accept differences. After this full turn-around in personality development, Barry no longer shrinks into himself. He does not discriminate either. This full self-acceptance comes out clearly, when Obama plays with his friends.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Hero’s journey: “Little Obama” Movie by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He comes out an effective player. He is very good in the game of ping-pong. His friends adore his talents in the game. They like him to play with them more and more. Confidence having been built, young Obama moves beyond his neibourhood. He begins to interact with not only his peers but also well-known people in the locality. As the movie progresses, the young boy is, for example, seen riding on motorbikes with great singsong. At this point, it is clear that the young Obama has developed.
Towards the end of the movie, Barry is seen as having fully adopted to the environment and was now leaving in harmony with his friends and neighbors. He had many friends and was now known to many in the neibourhood. However as this process is happening; the family is engaged in a conflict. The mother and stepfather have to part ways. This makes the beginning of the conclusion to the movie when young Obama is now leaving for United States.
Conclusion The above discussion proves that Little Obama is a complete depiction on how Obama was shaped by his stay in Indonesia into becoming a strong willled, friendly and diplomatic person. As the discussion identifies, from the discrimination he initially received and the questions he had to answer on who he is, Obama learnt on his identity.
This identity in the end made him believe that he could do anything because the differences he had did not limit him in any way from doing anything that others did. The movie identifies that as he interacted and conflicted, he learnt on the need to take paths of diplomacy. According to the movie, in the country, Obama made friends across the social and cultural divide and thus leant on the need to be friendly.
Works Cited Adams, Jonathan. Movie about Obama’s childhood opens today. 1/7/2010. Web. https://www.aol.com/news/
Asia Society. Barack Obama on Film: ane movie reccounts president Barack Obama’s childhood in Indonesia. 21/3/2011. Web..> https://asiasociety.org/barack-obama-film
The Evolution of the Division of Labor Theory Starting From Ancient Greek Economists to the Present Essay essay help online: essay help online
Introduction Division of labor is an economic theory that has been in use for many centuries. As a result, there have been several definitions accorded to the term depending on the use of the theory.
However, a more acceptable version that has been relied on by many is that of Peter Groenewegen in the New Palgrave’s Dictionary of economics (1987, p. 901) which defines division of labor as the “division of a process or employment into parts, each of which is carried out by a separate person”. This is to mean that individuals will cooperate with or without their conscious to perform processes or employment that is divided.
The question that results is, why and how the separation of people in processes and employment concurs with the social and economic consequences? This question and many others are best answered using the evolution of the ideas generated from the theory of division of labor. This paper is therefore an in-depth analysis of the evolution of the division of labor theory starting from the ancient Greek economists such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx and William Petty, among others to the present.
The analysis will begin by examining the relationship between increasing returns and the division of labor as stipulated by Smith. This will be followed by the important insights by Karl Marx on the division of labor in the society and division of labor in manufacturing. The theories of other great economists on the division of labor theory will also be explored and finally comparing them to the modern theory of division of labor.
The history of Division of labor Theory The evolutionary history of the theory of division of labor has been explained through various mechanisms. It was long ago used by the Sumerians to group their jobs and thereafter allocate them to the skilled people in the society.
However, according to Plato Socrates, the origin of the theory of division of labor is based on two main facts. The first one is the fact that human beings are endowed with different abilities (Bogers 2). The argument states that if at all human beings had equal strengths and abilities then the issue of division of labor would not have arisen since everyone can perform all tasks.
Secondly is the issue of the variation in the external conditions on the earth. This again leads to the creation of division of labor since had all the external production conditions been similar everywhere, then division of labor would have been of no use. After the realization of the theory of division of labor, several economists have tried to argue their points on this theory.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Ancient Theories on Division of Labor Adam Smith
Adam Smith is one of the greatest economics known who lived from the year 1723 to 1790. He engaged in many works in the economics field where he had major contributions in the theory of the division of labor. Smith explored the various advantages of the division of labor. In one of his books titled The Wealth of Nations, Smith explained how the breakdown of a task into several operations made production easy (Dhamee 1).
He gave the example of a pin-factory, where he claimed that such a company’s production could increase by up to 240 times higher just because of the division of labor. The main reason for this is because the worker becomes acquainted to what they are doing hence becoming experts in that field. On the other hand, workers remain in their jobs for a long period hence saving time unlike when they have to switch tasks in the course of the day.
Smith continues to say that this was what led to the success of the Victorian factories in the 19th century. This was as a result of productive labor which is meant to fulfill two essential requirements which are creation of surplus that could be ploughed back into production and secondly lead to production of objects that are tangible. “The ideas of Smith were based on perfect liberty in order to assert the principle of organizing labor solely by a free market” (Bogers 4).
After his assertions, Smith identified the shortcomings of the theory of division of labor. He pointed out that it created boredom due to the monotony of performing a similar task for a long time. This in the long-rum would lead to dissatisfied and ignorant workers.
This was another of the ancient economics who lived between 1791 and 1871. Charles continued with Smith’s work in which he focused on simplifying and integrating the tasks. He argued that simplifying and integrating tasks had a great impact on the labor costs in that it minimized them greatly. The reason behind this is the low bargaining power of the worker since workers will require minimal time to get acquainted to each task.
Within his short life span of 65 years, Karl Marx made inevitable contributions in the field of economics. His, was criticism on the present theory of division of labor arguing that it led to the alienation of people. In his assertions, Marx claimed that there ought to be very little or no division of labor at all.
This would make workers have control over work thus being contended with it unlike when there is division of labor. Karl Marx thus wrote that “with this division of labor, the worker is depressed spiritually and physically to the condition of a machine” (Bogers 5). He further claims that alienation is great societal problem that could be easily generated through division of labor.
We will write a custom Essay on The Evolution of the Division of Labor Theory Starting From Ancient Greek Economists to the Present specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the same theory, Marx describes labor to have value. He goes on to describe value as being a fraction of the total labor that is present in the society within a stipulated period of time for instance a year, and used in the production of a given product. Therefore to find the value of labor, the average labor available is divided by the number of units produced hence expressed in time of hours, days or eve months.
However, Marx’s greatest contribution in this theory is when he classifies the two types of division of labor as technical/ economic division and the social division. He stipulates social division of labor to be based on the different social classes and status of hierarchy that are present in the society. Technical division is usually as a result of the different skills that people have.
Sir William Petty is again one of the ancient economics who lived in the 1623 to 1687. As a matter of fact, he was the first writer to take note of the theory of division of labor where he made its significance to the Dutch shipyards. Petty made several contributions in political economy which eventually led to the differentiation of classical political economy as a science on its own.
Among other notions in economic science such as labor theory of value to econometrics he is the founder of the notion behind surplus and the division of labor. Petty claimed that the society could be equated to the human body which has several functions. In the society people will play different roles and functions all of which are of great importance to the societal functions.
Treatise of Taxes and Contributions
If there be 1000 men in a Territory, and if 100 of these can raise necessary food and raiment for the whole 1000, if 200 more make as much commodities, as other Nations will give either their commodities or money for, and if 400 more employed in the ornaments, pleasure, and magnificence of the whole; if there be 200 Governors, Divines, Lawyers, Physicians, Merchants and Retailers, making I all 900 the question is, Since there is food enough for this supernumerary 100 also, how they should come by it? (Gianni and Groenewegen 30).
Another great contributor to the division of labor theory is Fredrick Winslow Taylor who named his developments as ‘scientific management’. This theory of scientific management has been thoroughly developed and the final version of it is to be named after the innovator that is ‘Taylorism’. According to his theory, Taylor argued that the industrial process could be broken down into several unit tasks that are able to be well organized and timed. Despite having widespread application, it was of great use in Japan.
This theory generally entails working out the best and efficient way of organizing work such that the monetary allocation to the work equates the output generated. Taylor proposed that the tasks be distributed in accordance to knowledge, experience as well as skills of the worker. Therefore if the Taylor system is well applied in an organization, it will result into good labor returns.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Evolution of the Division of Labor Theory Starting From Ancient Greek Economists to the Present by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The only shortcoming with Taylor’s theory on the division of labor is that human beings are treated like robots or animals having to work tirelessly and continuously. There is monotony in work and less chances for creativity and inventions.
Max Weber is often referred to as the father of bureaucracy due to his invention of the theory of bureaucracy. This theory was an opposition to the theory of the division of labor since it argues that occupational duties and workers can be freely interchanged such that there is no specific position for workers. The workers are therefore to move from one task position to another within the same organization.
The list of the ancient economists who made their contributions (whether small or big) to the theory of division of labor is endless with other being people such as David Hume, Henri-Louis, Durkheim and Henry Ford just to mention but a few.
The Modern Theory on Division of Labor The modern theory of the division of labor has undergone several reforms from the ancient economics discussed above the most recent ones such as Romer and those to come in the future. It is arguable that not all the constituents of the ancient models have been incorporated in the modern theory since some of them have been left out and other modified.
Taking the example of Romer, who is a more recent economist to handle the theory of division of labor, he argues that Adam Smith had two ideas which conflicted. “In the first idea, Smith claims that competition leads to efficient resource allocation and in the second he notes that growth is an indigenous phenomenon” (Robert 76).
Both claims have been proved wrong after the developments of economics whereby growth is no longer viewed as an indigenous process. Other modern contributions concern the introduction of fixed costs in computation of profits, something that was not done before among many other developments.
Nevertheless, some of the ancient theories on the division of labor have still found their way into the modern society. A good example is the contribution of Emile Durkheim which is of great significance today.
In his book entitled The Division of Labor in Society of 1893, Durkheim majors on the effects that come with specialization (division of labor) and how they affect the society. For Durkheim, division of labor is infinite separation of occupations such that even the final product is independent. This is very evident in the modern society, take the example of a student who joins college and is asked to select a ‘major of specialty’.
Let us say, they select accounting, thus throughout the college years they will be specializing in accounting being prepared to be accountants. They graduate as accountants and get a job in an accounting firm where they perform accountancy services and duties. Their whole life revolves around accountancy. This is a perfect example to show that specialization or division of labor is inevitable and in practice in almost all areas of life.
In a nut shell, it can be said that the modern world is making great use of the theory of division of labor. It is mostly applicable in the management and organization functions of any business enterprises. Given the fact that societal hierarchy is inevitable, division of labor has been used to cater for such differences as well as others.
Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be seen that the theory of division of labor has undergone various evolution from the ancient time to the present. The theory of division of labor has found its application and use in the present society by a great deal. As a matter of fact, the increased productivity in the current society can be attributed to the division of labor.
According to Robert, “a major shift in firm’s strategies and organizational structure driven in part by increased global competition and technological process” (Robert 184). He further continues to argue that, despite the many variables and processes involved emphasis should be put on specialization and division of labor.
On the other hand, division of labor has been found to have negative features since time immemorial. Some of these negative features include; boredom, demoralization and imposition of the discipline of labor among others. These negative features can be easily overcome by removing the direct producers from the market and the fact that repetitive performance of a task increases the efficiency of the operation.
Works Cited Bogers, Marcel. Division of Labor. 2002. Web.
Dhamee, Yousuf. Adam Smith and the Division of Labor. 1995- July 24, 2011.
Gianni, Vaggi And Groenewegen, Peter. A concise history of economic thought: from Mercantilism to monetarism.-2003. Palgrave Macmillan.
Groenewegen, Peter. “Division of labor,” The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics -1987. v. 1, pp. 901–07
Roberts, J. The Modern Firm. – 2004 Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
What qualities does Henry embody that would serve a modern-day president? Essay custom essay help
Introduction The Henry V movie concept is set in the early fifteenth century. It takes place after the death of King Henry IV, the young King Henry V is the next heir to the throne. Therefore, in order to gain both court and public respect and acceptance, Henry is forced to leave his youthful past, in which he associated himself with drunkards and criminals at the boar’s head inn situated at the seamy parts of London.
Basing on some technical interpretation of the ancient law concerning land, King Henry V claims some portions of France. Dauphin, the youthful prince of France sends Henry an offensive message in reaction to his claims; this compels Henry V to continue with his plans of conquering some portions of France. Therefore, with the backing of his country’s clergy and noblemen, King Henry V assembles his troops for the invasion of France.
However, some severe civil wars over the years had left the people in England even more restless and discontented with more such imminent wars. Through some cunning expertise, King Henry later on discovers a conspiracy plot, which is meant to end his life, before he headed to France for the war with his fleet.
He then finds out that Scrope, his former friend is among the conspirators employed by the French and therefore orders for their immediate execution. It is arguably evident from the movie that King Henry V demonstrated qualities that are essential for an effective modern day president. This paper discusses the qualities of Henry in the King Henry V movie that will suit a present day president.
King Henry V and his convoy, which had army officers from all corners of Britain such as Captain Fluellen who was of Welsh origin, and many others headed for France against numerous odds but manages to conquer towns as they fight their way across the French countryside.
However, as they advanced, some members in his troop such as Bardolph and Nim are detained for looting and this compels Henry to call for their hanging. Despite such disciplinary issues, King Henry also conquers the French town of Harfleur and goes on to give a heartfelt historical speech that was intended to motivate his troops for further victories.
The battle of Agincourt becomes the climax in the movie as King Henry and his soldiers are outnumbered by their French opponents. Despite this disheartening fact, King Henry goes around the camp in disguise as a fellow soldier to talk and comprehend on his army’s thoughts over their general mission the night before the great battle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More King Henry is in an awkward position since he is unsure of his ubiquitous liabilities as a King. The morning after his subterfuge episode into his army’s camp, he seeks divine help by praying to God and then giving a stirring speech to his army. Amazingly, King Henry and his soldiers win the great battle and triumphs over their proud French opponents who eventually surrendered to the English.
Later on in the movie, the English works out a peace negotiation with the French and King Henry marries Catherine, who was the daughter to the King of France and the resulting marriage would unite both the British and French Kingdoms. King Henry’s son was the next heir to the French throne. Even though he defeated the French, he allowed Charles, the King of France, to hold onto his throne.
According to the movie, King Henry V decides to put away his wild youthful past in order to become a legitimate and an effective leader. Such leadership qualities are quite desirable in the contemporary political scene, as they serve well a modern-day president. First, King Henry’s resolution to change his youthful behaviors for the purpose of his new role tells us of his visionary attitude for the country he was going to serve, as it was bigger than his personal happiness and satisfactions, and this would largely shape a contemporary president.
A presidential figure should not let his past interfere with his work, whereby he only serves a few friends and individuals due to their previous relationship and should instead have a visionary map of serving the whole country by also bypassing party lines and affiliations.
It also enhances democracy because of the principle of public equality. In addition, King Henry’s leniency towards a solitary union of respect and brotherliness without any form of national prejudice is a significant leadership quality that is needed for a modern day president.
Henry established peace with his French opponents and was not consumed by power to hold it out against them. A lenient president would also try to foster peace with their enemies especially in the current political scenarios. An effective president should not hold onto experiences as a basis for longtime enmity because as demonstrated by King Henry V after his battle and triumph over the French, we should cement our union by not being repressive but by looking for any peaceful means.
In addition, King Henry is relentless in pursuing his ambitions, well focused, fearless, committed, and his brilliancy illuminated his oratory skills, which he uses to put forth his claims while also motivating his own troops. These leadership qualities serve a modern-day president, as they are relentless in pursuing the people’s dreams and expectations.
We will write a custom Essay on What qualities does Henry embody that would serve a modern-day president? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, when the country goes through a period of hopelessness towards achieving these targeted expectations, a president’s oratory skills would best serve in motivating and uniting the country at large in order to realize these expectations while renouncing the things that divide us. Occasionally, a leader may experience uncertainty over their progress stature as shown by King Henry before the main battle of Agincourt.
It is always comforting for the people to know that their commander still has both hands on the daunting situation and this eventually instills hope for a winning mentality that would enforce the zeal to be persistent in achieving a common objective without being strenuous. In general, King Henry’s oratory skills were a double-edged sword with nearly as much force and strength as that used by his soldiers.
His words would inspire or even stir up his supporters while intimidating his adversaries and influencing nearly all those who listened to him and this is reflected by his wintry and menacing rhetoric while addressing Prince Dauphin’s messenger, and during his inspiring speech at St. Crispin. In other words, the modern-day president should not rush into war in a deadlock situation before being explicitly frank with their motives.
In conclusion, Henry portrayed the leadership qualities that would fit a modern day president. The most outstanding leadership qualities possessed by King Henry was his resolved set of mind in accomplishing whatever goal he had his eyes and mind focused. He would use any kind of resource, which was readily available to see to it that his objectives were eventually accomplished.
He was an inexorable force that had to be carefully contended with by others who must opt on how to act energetically in response to his actions that were ethically questionable at times. Although his conducts may seem quite horrendous to the populace, King Henry was an exemplary leader who took a serious mantle over his Kingship since he elevated his responsibilities above personal gains and that is why the film portrays him both as a protagonist and as a hero, despite the mitigated effects of his personal pronouncements.
Work Cited King Henry V. Dir. Olivier Laurence. Perf. Sharman Bruce, et al. 2000. Film
Biography of a Long Island Town Research Paper essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
History of the town
Declaration of Rights
Abstract Specifically situated on the Southeast side of America, the Long Island is one of the ancient Islands in America. This Island stretches to the Northeast side of the Atlantic Ocean and has a number of towns and counties. This discussion looks at one of the Long Island towns, how it has developed over the years and the impact that events in America have had on the development of this town. The town of choice is the Town of Huntington.
History of the town The history of Huntington Town dates back to the year 1653 when some men namely Robert, Richard and Daniel, who came from Oyster Bay bought a piece of land which would later come to be referred to as the First Purchase. The three men would later sell this piece of land to other people who had settled nearby.
A great majority of the people who settled in this town in the early days were English men, whom came to this town either via Connecticut or Massachusetts. Due to the constant settlement of English people in this town, it did not take long for the town to become well established.
The very first settlers of this town mainly settled in one area which was known as town spot (Wilson 45). This is what is known presently as the Village Green. As time went by, this town continued to prosper and so did the increase in the population. Social institutions such as schools, saw mills, forts, tanneries and places of worship began to emerge as well.
Economy With the growth in population of this town, there were equally many economic activities that the settlers in this town engaged themselves in. The harbor was one of the busiest places in this town and formed an integral part of its economy. Ships from within the town and even beyond as far as West Indies became common.
Other businesses that contributed immensely to the growth and expansion of the economy of this town were, ship making and other activities related to the sea (Boroff 66). The inhabitants of this town used the water as a means of transport as it was the only most efficient means of transport both for cargo as well as people considering that this was a town within an island.
Declaration of Rights In the year 1744, an adaptation was made by the authorities of the Town of Huntington which was known as the Declaration of Rights. This declaration affirmed that the property of every free man was his own and that any kind of taxation which was done without some form of representation amounted to a violation of the rights of all subjects of British origin (Bessel 47).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Further, the declaration required that all colonies would unite and refuse to transact any kind of commercial transaction with the government of the Great Britain. This was a move that was received with great enthusiasm by all inhabitants of this town.
However, this would be short lived because the rebel forces would lose the Battle of Long Island and this saw the British army enter and occupy the entire Long Island (Huntington 56). People in this island including those that were in the Town of Huntington were forced to comply with the requirements of the British and they were even forced to take an oath of allegiance and loyalty to the British government.
For the people who continued to rebel against the British government, they suffered a major blow as they lost all their property. There are those who would however not back down and continued engaging the government in guerilla wars until the year 1783 when the war ended and the British left the town.
In the year 1776, a man named Nathan Hale was sent by George Washington to spy regarding the British forces that were in this town and the entire Long Island as well as the city of New York. This man was however captured and what followed was an execution in the same year.
Slavery Just as was the case in many other parts of the world during this time, slavery was very rampant in the Town of Huntington. The white settlers who engaged in farming would use slaves to provide affordable labour in their fields. Most of the slaves were black and the higher the number of slaves one had, the better their status in the society. The economy of this town did not however depend greatly on slavery for labour and by the nineteenth century, slavery had been totally abolished in this town and the entire island.
American Revolution The American Revolution which took place between the years 1775-1783 is one of the wars that hit the Town of Huntington really hard. This war threatened to cause the collapse of this town and especially economically. This is because during this war, the town was not getting a lot of business from the outside owing to a lot of tension. By the end of the revolution, the town had lost a lot in terms of business and was on its knees. The rebuilding process was not a downhill task but nonetheless, they managed.
In the year 1867, a railroad was established in this town and this marked the beginning of the decline of maritime activities and economy. Although the use of water still remained important until the twentieth century, its use declined significantly when the railroad was established.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Biography of a Long Island Town specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The people of Huntington were not ready to give up on shipping just yet because it is the one that ensured that this town remained connected to the rest of the world for all this while. Therefore, this town was not isolated as other towns in the Long Island were. Those living in New York would find it easy to come to Huntington using either ships or the newly established railroad (Ross and Pelletreau 33).
When the Second World War came to an end, it is as though people had discovered as safe haven in the Town of Huntington and the entire Long Island. This is because, the population size of this island and the Town of Huntington in particular began to swell. It was amazing to note that 200 years after its establishment, the town had only experienced gradual growth and especially in terms of population increase. This however took a drastic change after World War II as the number of people increased significantly.
Conclusion The Town of Huntington has continued to grow with the population going up and the economy of the town expanding even further. There are now no vacant lands anymore as they have been replaced with social institutions, industries and factories.
Works Cited Bessel, Matthew. A brief history of the town of Huntington. New York: Town of Huntington, 1983. Print.
Boroff, David. The State of the Nation. London: Prentice Hall, 1966. Print.
Huntington, Elijah. History of Stamford, Connecticut: From its Settlement in 1641. Virginia: Huntington Publishers, 1868. Print.
Ross, Peter and Pelletreau, William. A history of Long Island: from its earliest settlement to the present time, Volume 2. Lodnon: Lewis Pub Co, 1905. Print.
Wilson, Rufus. Historic Long Island. New York: Berkeley Press, 1902. Print.
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“Cross” by Langston Hughes [Analysis Essay] best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Use of Metaphor
The Overall Theme
Introduction Langston Hughes’ poem entitled ‘Cross’ is a one stanza poem with a title that carries a deep and rich meaning and one that perfectly reflects the overall theme. The author has used the first-person persona to pass the message to the reader (Bloom 20). This paper intends to explore the identity of the author and the critical figure of speech as well as the overall theme that is being discussed in the poem. The analysis of “Cross” by Langston Hughes shall be provided in this essay.
The Persona The persona is this poem represents a son who is born by a white father and a black mother. He is full of anger because he has been brought up in a mixed heritage, which consists of two races, which are different. Although the persona regrets later for disapproving his parents for having sired him in different racial communities, his anger seems to be strongly inflected by issues of racial discrimination (Bloom 20).
Use of Metaphor The title of the poem (the cross) has a deep and rich meaning and great significance. The significance of this title reflects the central theme that was intended by the author. There are scores of meanings that can be attached to the word ‘cross’ used as the title.
As the analysis of the poem “Cross” evidences, the persona is very dissatisfied and angry for the reason that his heritage is torn between two ends. At first, he vents this anger towards his parents, only to regret his actions later. Cross has been used metaphorically to portray this anger and dissatisfaction.
The persona’s mixed heritage has indeed put him in a testing moment that can be described as a burden. The cross represents this burden to emphasize suffering. The persona’s predicament can also be compared to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, who was tried with no wrongdoing. Similarly, the persona is suffering from being brought up in a mixed heritage, even though it is not his fault.
Assording to the summary, the persona crosses over from being angry and offensive, to adopt a forgiving character. This transformation entirely gives the word ‘cross’ another meaning. Finally, after making over and forgiving his parents, the persona is torn between uncertainty fates. He wonders whether he will die a bi-racial. In other words, he is left in a crossroad (Juhasz 56). Thus, one can see the meaning of “Cross” by Langston Hughes as very important.
The Overall Theme The poem is generally discussing problems of racial heritage. The speaker is particularly perturbed for being born in a mixed heritage – having a black mother and a white father. Indeed, the speaker is full of grief and frustrations for belonging to a diverse culture. He is reported as regretting having hated and disapproved of his parents for being responsible for the purported regrettable fate.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The deep feelings exhibited by the persona reflect the significance of racial heritage, and besides, portray some degree of disconnection between the black and the white. Perhaps, the persona was born during the age of the slave trade, when Africans were being enslaved in America, resulting in bi-racial heritage. Thus, the main theme in “Cross” by Langston Hughes is the character’s inner confusion about his mixed heritage.
The anger that the persona vents originates from the negative feelings of slavery. Also, the persona is reported saying that his father died a wealthy man while his mother died a poor woman, perhaps to portray how the white was using the black to enrich themselves. In essence, discrimination of one race against the other must-have contributed towards the persona’s offensive attitude towards a mixed heritage (Bennett 16)
Conclusion The anther’s use of metaphor has attracted my attention and encourages me to think critically about the issues being discussed in the poem, and as such, understanding the themes in a more profound and more precise manner.
The figure of speech has made me emphasize with the speaker who is in great turmoil, as I imagined his predicament. Overall, as the analysis of “Cross” by Langston Hughes shows, the author has successively used the speaker to pass on his rich message to the reader (Bennett 16).
Works Cited Bennett, Sandra. Identifying themes and poetic devices in selected poems. Utah: University of Utah, 1972. 16. Print
Bloom, Harold. Langston Hughes. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2007. 20. Print
Juhasz, Suzanne. The metaphor and the poetry of Williams, Pound, and Stevens. London: Associated University Presse, 1974. 56. Print
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