Introduction With modern socioeconomic forces behind the movement of people from their native lands to urban areas that contain cultural mixture, major world cities are witnessing an influx of disjointed immigrants who are unable to cope with their new environments.
Migrating from one region to another with maximum cultural distance becomes a challenge as the newcomers settle in the new environments.
As Padilla and Perez postulate, “Throughout most of the 20th century, social scientists theorized about the process by which newcomers to the United States become incorporated into the main-stream culture” (36).
This observation underscores the concepts of acculturation and multiculturalism, which have gained substantial national attention since the rise of African-American, Latino, and the Asian immigrants into the US and while the American public schools have increasingly engaged in organizing immigrants and their offspring to become prolific society members, the predicament of women immigrants is underestimated.
Therefore, this essay explores multiculturalism and acculturation in the context of women’s plight.
Concepts of acculturation and multiculturalism The gradual rise and augmentation of human immigration behavior have brought another unique human experience that calls for considerable attention.
Just as the process of human adaptation to the natural environment, assimilating into a new region with a different culture is not an easy assignment (Masten et al. 18).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conventionally, human beings differ culturally, socially, and even customarily depending on the region of residence and individuals’ background.
When human beings strive to acquire certain cultural elements of the central society in foreign regions in the process of assimilating the conditions of these new regions, the process refers to acculturation.
Berry posits, “Acculturation is the dual process of cultural and psychological change that takes place as a result of contact between two or more cultural groups and their individual members” (698).
With the growing trends of immigration across the world, acculturation thus becomes an integral process that finally allows different cultural groups to mingle easily and share even their languages.
Another modern concept that accompanies immigration, globalization, and internationalization issues, which are practical in the contemporary times, is multiculturalism.
Multiculturalism or cultural diversity is a demographic process of integrating different ethnographic groups to integrate and assimilate despite their cultural distinction (Berry 706).
Akin to acculturation, multiculturalism is one of the efforts that aim at enhancing the process of human assimilation into different cultural boundaries, thus enabling migrants of different backgrounds to inhabit one another culturally.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Women as Hero specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, several researchers view multiculturalism as a failed concept given the increasing cases of racial prejudice and minority discrimination amongst immigrants.
The throes of change and human social integration in many nations through the processes of acculturation and multiculturalism have been difficult issues to ascertain their successfulness (Padilla and Perez 46).
Frequently, immigrants and the minority groups in many European countries and most recently in some Arabic nations have reported increased cases of racial and ethnic bias despite portraying high levels of acculturation into the dominant communities.
The quandary of women and power in Diaspora With the modern, tightly contested political and social matters, the notion of gender bias has been an obstacle to women’s progress across the world (Masten et al. 15). In many circumstances, women have been facing the most effective of struggling to acculturate in regions with strict cultural norms.
Conventionally, the process of assimilation, especially in the European nations, has not been an easy assignment considering the historical predicaments of African-Americans, Mexican Americans, the Latinos, Chinese Americans, and other early American immigrants.
Acculturation has been a complicated phenomenon, especially when considering the process by which women assimilate and integrate into the cultural norms of the dominant host communities.
According to a research undertaken by Masten et al. (16) regarding the effect of acculturation on the minority Latino women, several issues emerged. The study unveiled that acculturation has adverse negative health and behavioral effects on Latino women as compared to their male counterparts.
Becoming a hero, from all forms of contested political and social issues, is quite a challenging issue amongst women, especially those who are undergoing the acculturation process.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Women as Hero by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Apart from the common barriers, adopting certain cultural behaviors of the dominant cultural group principally to assimilate with these groups brings some unique challenges that hamper them from becoming independent and influential.
Masten et al. (16) assert that due to fragmented and undermined multiculturalism strategies, ethnic minority groups despair in their quest to acculturate and the ultimate process of assimilation ends in desperate intermarriage.
This move is usually the beginning of women hardships, especially when married to the host majority community where the process of acculturation barely gives the woman an opportunity to explore leadership talents.
Two critical issues are continually contributing to privation of women during the acculturation process and they include education and employment where empowerment gradually begins (Berry 702).
Having appropriate leadership qualities drawn from educational achievements and financial prosperity are two important actors in modern headship.
Education, acculturation, and women power Immigration and assimilating into new regions is a difficult process for families and individuals and women; the problems are twofold.
Education is one of the integral aspects that determine the successfulness of the acculturation process and most probably, it influences cultural diversity (Berry 710).
Lack of formal education has been one of the significant contributors of women suffering during the acculturation process where education becomes a limiting factor in enhancing women power.
Lack of means to communicate well with the main-stream population and lack of confidence in handling public matters are some of the difficulties that women portray, thus making them unqualified for leadership positions (Berry 706).
Coupled with the notion that immigrant women possess little influence on the native communities and have to acculturate in a bid to become acceptable in the indigenous population, the quest to dominate leadership positions remains hampered.
Supposed to be the only feasible way to ensure that immigrants become productive members in foreign lands, education is a factor in women development in foreign nations.
Low levels of education among immigrant women are the major causes of their failure in occupying leadership positions in foreign nations, especially for the immigrants of color, as demonstrated in several European nations.
According to Masten et al. (4), “higher acculturation as demonstrated by research relates positively to high liberal attitudes of women, higher levels of knowledge and education, single marital status, and younger age.”
Women in foreign nations either have completely no education or their levels of education are relatively low and when striving to acculturate and possess power, especially overseas, it becomes an insurmountable challenge.
A practical example is in the US is where most discrimination cases arise in educational disparity, as research reveals that the minority groups find themselves residing in substandard housing, which leads to poor educational attainment (Padilla and Perez 46).
Lower education depicts lower employment chances and social self-esteem, something that poses challenges to several immigrant women in their pursuit of attaining power.
Employment, income and women power In any modern community, employment has become one of the integral contributors to the development of families and acquisition of self-independence among individuals.
Acculturation in a foreign country may be challenging as one has to begin with establishing a reliable source of livelihood and at this point, employment becomes a crucial aspect during acculturation process (Masten et al. 16).
Many women immigrants are less likely to survive in many foreign nations for attaining a suitable employment is ordinarily challenging.
The rise of many women usually occurs in their employment zones, especially when given opportunities to demonstrate their talents and potential by the organization before showing interest in communal leadership.
A study on Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans, and Latinos revealed that high poverty and employment rates among these immigrant women are major causes of depression as well as acculturation difficulties experienced (Berry 709).
Unemployment, poverty, and social stigma encourage low-self esteem among women and hence, low chances of leading communities.
Income is the primary source of human independence in the contemporary days and leadership earnestly relies on this aspect.
Women with stable employment and high wages exhibit the desired confidence in leadership and leading in a native land is not exceptional, as it requires financial potency and high education.
High levels of acculturation, as demonstrated by Masten et al. (17) positively relate to more broadminded attitude among women and stable economic situation, places women at higher chances of taking leadership.
Due to significant disparities in income and occupational levels between the ethnic minorities and the dominant Native Americans, acculturation and leadership become difficult for the immigrant women in the US.
According to Padilla and Perez (48), “there is substantial evidence that women who work are more likely to compare their outcomes (low wages) with those of other women rather than with those of men.”
This assertion means that wage and salaries between men and women are incomparable and the situation is likely worse to immigrant women.
Stress, depression, and women power Women become conquerors through formal leadership and leadership undoubtedly requires a straight mind. Research reveals that women suffer more acculturative stress compared to men and thus socio-cultural and psychological adaption is much difficult to them (Berry 697).
There exist substantial individual differences in how people incorporate the process of acculturation described in terms of assimilation, separation, and marginalization strategies.
For women, health issues are primary causes of acculturation stresses experienced and according to research, these are among the main limiting factors towards women leadership.
According to Masten et al. (15), practical research among the American immigrants revealed that acculturation stress in Hispanics as examined might be due to depression and related socioeconomic pressures.
Among the Central American immigrants, similar results discussed by Masten et al. (15) indicated that acculturated stress significantly associated with higher depression in women.
Coupled with other social issues that cause social prejudice in women, their probability of acquiring leadership with these conditions is minimal.
As per the definition, acculturation typically involves a systematic process that engrosses culturally modifying individuals’ behavior to cope with the dominant host culture (Masten et al. 15).
Stress in women results in low acculturation on many occasions, and their challenges towards leadership begin at this point. Generally, “individuals with low acculturation tend to adhere to their native cultural norms when interacting with the host communities” (Masten et al. 15).
Among other causes, low acculturation and related acculturative stress occur where high marginalization, racial prejudice, social stigmatization, unemployment and poverty persist.
With these critical issues against women development and empowerment, there chances of becoming leaders in foreign nations after demonstrating low acculturation to the native communities become relatively nominal (Padilla and Perez 54).
Given that acculturation is more challenging to those individuals who are different, (either by color, religion, or physiognomy), these constraints are more adverse to women than to men and hence their survival in leadership and development remains constrained.
Politics, policies, social dominance and women power Immigration and social mobility are universal issues that have continuously attracted international interests both in research and policy development within nations.
Based on studies of ethnic minorities and immigranti communities in the US, politics of the nations have contributed to the suffering of women immigrants in foreign nations (Berry 700).
Given that the dominant culture remains influential in its native land in terms of power, privilege, and status, acculturation, where cultural diversity is underestimated, becomes a challenge for the women leadership aspirants.
For instance, in the United States, although regarded as among the most democratized nations across the world, national politics have continuously hampered women development and empowerment.
The crackdown to find illegal immigrants and deport them to their native nations has sometimes extended to the innocent and subsequently contributed to women suffering (Berry 700).
Women considered as immigrants face the challenges instigated by the political pressures and the insensitive anti-immigrant policies that lead to their suffering and discrimination. Imposed against their growth, they live in fear of national repression.
The likelihood of leading in a foreign nation, especially where there are maximum cultural differences is a challenge to many.
In understanding the concept of acculturation stress in minority groups, one of the inseparable issues in this aspect is the issue of social dominance that demonstrates how cultural hierarchies influence leadership.
Women aspiring for leadership find themselves in quandaries while confronting the host’s majority community and their hierarchical order that comes from cultural dominance.
As Padilla and Perez (44) note, it is ordinarily evident that social institutions and cultural groups involve a particular form of hierarchy, with the majority group capable of exhibiting more independence.
Padilla and Perez posit, “The theory of social dominance states, “social hierarchies are validated through cultural ideologies that sustain the legitimacy and centrality of hierarchy within the larger society” (44).
Therefore, as the immigrant women strive to assimilate into the host culture through the acculturation process, their chances of clinching leadership positions remain minimal.
Multiculturalism as the only solution As modernization entails globalization, where individuals globally interact and culturally inhabit, the need to strengthen the notion of multiculturalism is becoming essential. However, prior and present studies demonstrate multiculturalism as a failed concept internationally.
Political democracy has improved, human civilization has enhanced, and economies have changed, but the process of acculturation in the midst of polarized cultural differences is becoming a major global dilemma (Berry 758).
Communities have to first change from the old conformist ideologies towards the realization of the significance of having multicultural society where individuals of different races, religious backgrounds, nationality, and cultural differences interact freely, share and cooperate.
The popular belief that prevailed during the massive American immigration process was that whatever beliefs or traditions came with immigrants into the US would finally disappear and they would adopt the American culture (Berry 758).
This assumption has not materialized to date, as the US is and may continuously develop as a nation of immigrants.
Building multicultural societies is not merely a communal process, and thus important steps that would encourage gradual understanding of the multiculturalism process are essential in the modern societies (Padilla and Perez 37).
Multicultural communities would develop well through the comprehensive integration of multicultural studies in schools and institutions where youngsters grow psychologically understanding the essence of cultural diversity.
In a bid to avoid suffering of ethnic minorities and social alienation, cultural diversity will potentially enable women, youth, children, disabled, and the elderly to have equitable access to critical community development opportunities (Padilla and Perez 37).
This aspect would effectively influence policy development and enactment of regulations that strengthen the minority and vulnerable groups towards the upper lanes of leadership and development positions.
Socioeconomic stress is the major contributor to acculturative stress, where depression arises from social and economic pressures that finally lead to depression and other factors that subsequently hamper women from securing leadership positions.
Undisputedly, the European nations, the Asian nations, and even the African nations need each other mutually to grow economically, socially, and even politically.
Great encouragement should prevail in developing the critical multiculturalism strategies where acculturation receives support from changes in political dimensions, social ideologies, and dissolved cultural differences (Padilla and Perez 44).
As important persons and leaders that possess an influence on racial and ethnic majority groups, politicians should exercise unbiased leadership that would help in encouraging cultural diversity.
To gain cultural diversity in the global context, they should refrain from divisive politics of creed, color, nationalism, religion, and culture in a bid to encourage internationalism without cultural divide.
Padilla and Perez posit that since immigrants feel less “motivated while attempting to acculturate where they believe discrimination persists against their minority group by members of the dominant social class, multiculturalism would best resolve this predicament” (40).
Women would feel confident when they notice that they are becoming more acceptable in the community than when despised and alienated.
Conclusion Conventionally, people love traveling and sharing experiences across the world. Acculturation is an uphill task especially when struggling to fit in a dominant community that shares different cultural norms (including skin color, religious practices, and even physiognomy).
The presence of immigrants of different cultural norms in different nations continues to precipitate international interests as the cases of racial prejudice, ethnic discrimination, societal alienation, religious bias, and even cultural segregation persist.
Acculturation may continue posing endless challenges to the minority groups and women, as part of the vulnerable groups, are at risk of facing adverse negative effects while struggling to assimilate in foreign nations.
Multiculturalism is the probable solution as it advocates acceptance and maintenance of valued features, traditions, and beliefs of all cultures living together.
Works Cited Berry, John. “Acculturation: Living successfully in two cultures.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 29.2 (2005): 697–712. Print.
Masten, Willam, Laura Mosby, Christine Asidao, Jerome Wanda, Toy Caldwell-Colbert, Margarita Medina, and Gonzalo Hernandez. “Depression and Acculturation in Mexican American and European American Women.” Annals of Psychology 20.1 (2004): 15-21. Print.
Padilla, Amado, and William Perez. “Acculturation, Social Identity, and Social Cognition: A New Perspective.” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 25.1 (2003): 35-55. Print.
Cryptography, Asymmetric and Symmetric algorithms Research Paper scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Abstract This paper presents a detailed study of asymmetric and symmetric encryption and decryption algorithms by focusing on the operations, the strengths, and weaknesses of the RSA and Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithms.
The best characteristics of DES and RSA algorithms can be combined to form a hybrid encryption algorithm to provide the desired properties of message integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.
Cryptography According to Curtin (2007), cryptography is the study of the mathematical methods used to develop algorithms which are used for secret writing to enforce message authentication, integrity, and confidentiality.
Cryptography enables the detection and prevention of cheating and malicious activities (Akl
Daoism and Its Influence in the Modern Chinese Culture Proposal college admission essay help
Introduction Daoist ideas expressed by Tao Yunaming have developed overtime and still have strong influence over the communist system in China. Specifically, this system of religious thought originated from Asia continent.
Several authors have developed a comprehensive table of events on the development of Daoism philosophy. In analyzing Daoism in China, Tao brings about the question of legitimacy of the different ideologies in the then free Chinese society1.
Tao asserts that issue legitimacy ensures stability of the society. Therefore, the religious power can only be fully exercised in accordance with the deities and beliefs endorsed in the light of principles and ideals acceptable to common human reason.
This deity framework tolerates as well as respects others of different opinions2. Hence, this provides a particular explanation for the diversity of traditions in the sundry China society and form the basis of the research.
The fundamental ideas from the public Chinese Daoism religious culture can be interpreted into social conception of the ideal sages that differentiate the dualist existence of hell and heaven3.
It was freestanding since its content was set out independently of the comprehensive doctrines that members of Daoism culture affirmed. This led to overlapping consensus in which each reasonable daoist affirmed the religious law from within own perspective4.
Thus, this reflective treatise attempts to explicitly review the development of Daoism philosophy in the present culture of Chinese and the concepts of sages, deities, hell and heaven, and Confucian discourse.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hypothesis Null Hypothesis: Daoism culture has greatly impacted on the current sages, deities and Confucian discourse associated with the modern Chinese culture.
Alternative Hypothesis: Daoism culture has not impacted on the current sages, deities and Confucian discourse associated with the modern Chinese culture.
Methodology This research will utilize empirical research since a lot of literature on Daoism has been captured by many authors. The works of Jing, Kohn, Lai, and Zhuangzi on Daoism will provide the relevant secondary material for the empirical study.
Series of views and approaches adopted by these authors will be reviewed with the intention of providing a complete understanding of Daoism and its influence on sages, deities, hell and heaven, and Confucian discourse associated with the modern Chinese culture.
Since the orientations in the Daoist tradition balances the contrary extreme habits to maintain beneficial friendship despite assuming a compromising ground for religious actions, it is necessary to establish the link to modern Chinese culture.
There are specific deities and sages that define what is ideal and the contrary. These beliefs create a standard and uniform ground from which all members are in a position to accomplish morality in more or less the same approach.
Topics to be covered
The historical perspective of Daoism.
The boundary that exists between the Buddhist religion and Daoism thought in the unstable, tenuous, and difficult to identify Chinese culture.
The philosophical orientation of Daoism on semi divine and divine links within the traditional Chinese religion.
The development and transformation of Daoism that venerated different deities that climaxed with unique interactive hierarchies.
The ‘common religion’, literary aspects and mystery as components of Daoism.
We will write a custom Proposal on Daoism and Its Influence in the Modern Chinese Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bibliography Jing, Daode, Tao Te Ching. Web.
Kohn, Livia. Daoist Dietetics: Food for Immortality. London: Three Pine Press, 2010.
Lai, Karyn. An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy. London: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Zhuangzi, Tse. Chinese Cultural Studies: Zhuangzi Chuang-tse. Web.
Annotated Bibliography Jing, Daode, Tao Te Ching. Web.
In his comprehensive reflection, Jing (2013) adopts deontological approach which base wrongness and rightness on intrinsic characteristics, with consequences being a negligible influence on the same.
Jing notes that the legitimacy of Daoism beliefs has led to acceptability of the deities and religious roles that are internalized in the norms of the Chinese society.
Jing concludes that the moral standards of the Daoism tradition answer the questions on freedom and equality in the Chinese society.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Daoism and Its Influence in the Modern Chinese Culture by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kohn, Livia. Daoist Dietetics: Food for Immortality. London: Three Pine Press, 2010.
Kohn (2010) strongly believes that highest morals rest on deity and sage systems which allowed mankind to undertake actions in the backdrop of peak morality or moral worth often based on origin priority of the Chinese culture.
For instance, when the underlying Daoism religious belief command plan originated from the opinionated inclination of a senior individual in the society, the results would basically be aligned towards self contempt.
Kohn further reviewed the categorical and hypothetical imperatives of the Daoism to understand its metamorphosis within the unique Chinese culture of the time.
Lai, Karyn. An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy. London: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Lai is philosophical and very sophisticated in clarifying what the society might consider the ideal religious culture of the Daoists. Among his listed examples include experiencing pleasure, being honored, being healthy, and having beneficial friends.
However, he is much interested on foundation of each of these good actions. Therefore, excellence in this case is the average between duo extremes; deficiency and excess.
Lai presents a philosophical definition of virtue since there is not universal formula that can remain the same for interpretation of Daoist philosophers.
Zhuangzi, Tse. Chinese Cultural Studies: Zhuangzi Chuang-tse. 2013. Web.
Zhuangzi builds what is commonly referred to as ‘ethics of common sense’ and is actively functioning on self realization and naturalism.
Zhuangzi looks into the good will, proper motive, first and second categorical imperatives, and immorality as a component of irrationality in his philosophical reflection on Chinese philosophy.
Zhuangzi covers the aspect of good, happiness as part of moral significance, good character, practical wisdom, ontology and axiology, pleasure, and contemplative faculty as part of his ethical Chinese philosophy on Daoism.
Bibliography Carr, Michael. 1990. “Whence the Pronunciation of Taoism?” Dictionaries 12:55–74.
Cohen, Gerald. 1989. “Gung Ho Revisited, Part 1″. Comments on Etymology 29.3:1–42.
Gallagher (trans.), Louis J.; Trigault, Nicolas (1953), China in the Sixteenth Century: The Journals of Matteo Ricci, Random House, New York (Only snippet view on Google Books). Girardot, N. J., James Miller and Liu Xiaogan, eds. 2001. Daoism and Ecology: Ways within a Cosmic Landscape. Harvard University Press.
Hu, Jiajian. 1999. “Chinese Romanization in Library of Congress Cataloging”. Illinois Periodicals.
Jing, Daode, Tao Te Ching. 2013. Web.
Kohn, Livia. Daoist Dietetics: Food for Immortality. London: Three Pine Press, 2010.
Kratochvil, Paul. The Chinese Language Today. Hutchinson, 1968.
Lai, Karyn. An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy. London: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Zhuangzi, Tse. Chinese Cultural Studies: Zhuangzi Chuang-tse. Web.
Footnotes 1 Livia Kohn, Daoist Dietetics: Food for Immortality (London: Three Pine Press, 2010), 67.
2 Zhuangzi, Tse. Chinese Cultural Studies: Zhuangzi Chuang-tse. Web.
3 Karyn Lai, An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy (London: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 45
4 Jing, Daode, Tao Te Ching. Web.
South Africa vs Venezuela Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
The essay explores the major concerns for a South African FDI planning to invest in Venezuela. Despite the exciting potential investment in Venezuela, some of the concerns evident include varying financial systems, potential agency problems, and political risks.
The essay will first compare South Africa’s and Venezuela’s corruption percentage index followed by an overall political risk of both countries.
In both the developed and the developing world, the most credible and appropriate tool used to measure the level of corruption in the public sector is the corruption perception index (CPI) (Aguilera 2009).
This tool is used to determine the corruption percentage index of an economy. In regards to the current CPI statistics, South Africa has a CPI of 4.9 while that of Venezuela is 1.9.
The diagram below compares the corruption index of both countries as provided by Transparency International (2011).
Figure 1: CPI comparison for South Africa and Venezuela
From the figure above, Venezuela is more corrupt country compared to South Africa. The current findings show a slight decrease in the ranking of CPI. For example, in 2007-08, South Africa had a CPI of 5.1 while Venezuela’s CPI was 2.0 (Radwan
Critical Analysis of Greece Report college essay help near me
Introduction Globalization is instrumental to the current economic trends in countries all over the world. These include the intra-industry trade, which brings together or connects the world through the sharing of ideas, technologies, and trade markets among other things.
According to Ricardo’s theory of comparative advantage, countries trading with each other benefit a lot from one another (Zhang
Technology and Leadership Analytical Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
The Influence of Instructional Design Principles and Theory
Introduction Instructional design is the usage of a methodical style to provide a solution to an instructional challenge. It starts with the identification of the challenges facing learners and then establishes whether an instructional method provides the most efficient solution (Wagner, 2011).
Such solutions apply appropriate technology and theoretical approach to learning. This essay undertakes an evaluation of the role of instructional design principles and theory on the ability to make rational decisions regarding leadership and learning.
The Influence of Instructional Design Principles and Theory Leadership is geared towards the conception of ideas for the future, formation of calculated priorities and building an atmosphere of trust between and inside organizations.
Good leadership is a progressive development and requires inspirational influence and the ability to attract a loyal following. Implementation of technology in education, particularly the use of computers and related technology has witnessed rapid growth.
The use of such material penetrates all aspects of human life (Wagner
English Literacy Lessons for Australian Students. When Theory Meets Practice Analytical Essay essay help: essay help
Introduction: The Art of Teaching Literacy Teaching students the English language is one of the demands of the Australian curriculum, which is relatively hard to meet. The students should not only display keen abilities to read and write in English (Winch, 2002), but also to be able to make a conscious choice between their skills when solving a particular problem (Australian Curriculum, 2013a).
By combining both theory and practice, teachers can help their students develop the required skills, such as the skill of communicating their ideas clearly, as demanded by the Australian Curriculum (Australian Curriculum, 2013b).
However, to integrate reading and writing, teachers will have to solve a number of issues regarding phonetics, grammar and syntax, especially when it comes to the choice of the theory (Tompkins, Campbell
Developing and learning new information Exploratory Essay best college essay help
An individual’s personal skills are based on their determination to develop and learn new information. The close connection between the amount of knowledge and the way it is used brings about positive results.
There are several work habits that must be adapted and they relate to the personality type someone has. The technology has made it possible to learn from a distance. A person can familiarize themselves with a culture, people or economy of a country being in a different place altogether.
If it is a structured way of learning and someone is taking courses in a different country while staying in their native nation, they must develop a schedule and routine that will allow for effective learning.
Any distractions must be set aside and the learning time must be treated as a classroom where all the focus is directed towards the course. As people often work in groups and teams, an individual might have to adjust and organize themselves according to the individuality of others. They must pay close attention to the learning style and interests that other people have.
A key to being successful in a group is to be understanding of others and be ready to offer a helping hand in a way of explanation, cooperation and participation. The internet skills are connected to learning and especially, distance learning. The search for information is available and easy to conduct, but the filtering of the needed information will take time.
There are many websites that contain false or inexact information and so, credible sources are the key to a well informed information search. Social networks have made communication through internet much easier, but ethics and moral codes must be the guidelines in the said communication, being free of disrespectful and hurtful behavior.
University of Phoenix and other online libraries are a great resource for academic articles and books. The collection of all the needed scholarly articles and journals in one place make the information search practical and quick. When using online sources the copying of information must be extremely controlled (Davey, 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Often, it is very tempting to use someone else’s work as your own and people will change the wording or structure of the information in the hope to pass it as their own. This must be avoided as it does not provide an individual with any knowledge and becomes impractical in the long run. Educational institutions have a strict policy towards plagiarism and suspension is not uncommon.
The vast amount of information in the libraries, online and books purchased outside of educational institutions create a helpful tool to determine the future career choices and goals of an individual. It is much easier to focus and structurize the work and information load when short term goals are specific and immediate. It is better to start with something that is attainable, so that the result can be seen almost immediately.
This will encourage the person to continue work as the success can be seen right away. When setting long term goals a plan of action must be outlined. Sometimes, it is difficult to foresee the circumstances that will lead to the future personality and skills development but a general outline and plan will be helpful. A schedule and the return to the original plan will determine the progression of work.
The recording of information and setting up a framework of practical usages will help guide an individual through the achievement of long term goals (Davey, 2008). Time management is one of the most important aspects of both short term and long term educational and career plans. As soon as a task is received a person must familiarize themselves with it.
The longer someone has to think over the tast, the better prepared they will be and the more thoughts they can develop. If everything is left to the last moment, the comprehension of concepts will be limited and the person will not be able to see the overall picture.
The perspective and conceptual thinking can only develop with the passage of time and so, any information that can be known about the task must be learned before the serious work begins. Plan of action and an outline of the future work will also help structurize the work and distribute the work load, so that there is no hasty and low quality work that in the end becomes unproductive or ineffective.
When familiarizing yourself with the information, a person has to sometimes go through a large amount of information. Often, the information presented is unrelated to the matter that is being studied or must be grasped in a short amount of time.
We will write a custom Essay on Developing and learning new information specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A scanning reading technique where a person can go through great amount of reading in a shortest period of time must be used. The search for key words and focus on the first sentences of a paragraph can prove helpful, since the most important points are focus of the primary information search and the details are learned later (Hasserbroek, 2009).
One of the most interesting discoveries about learning was through communication between brain cells, axons, through their synapses. It was thought that there is a physical connection between each axon that was needed for the transfer of information. In reality, there is a gap between the end of the axon, its tip and the dendrites of the next axon. Chemicals are being released by one axon and they float to the receptors of the next axon.
All the chemicals that are produced, neurotransmitters, are a sort of boats that carry their own information. Those chemicals that were not absorbed by the receiving axon, return to the source, the sending axon and are recycled. The amount of repetitions of the chemicals being sent, determines the strength of the signal.
If a person wants something in a minor way, the signal is sent once or twice and the receiving axon does not respond in a major way. But, in case the signal is repeated constantly, the axon is bombarded with chemicals, thus causing a conscious response from a person. This is what determines the cognition of a person. It is still unclear how a person’s mind or brain can hold so much information.
It has been supposed that a person has unlimited potential. An amazing fact is that such a small entity as a cell can hold so much information and have significant energy to send impulses that affect the whole body.
All the systems and different parts of the brain are connected and studies have shown that trauma to a certain area will compensate the lost part. There are also cases when the loss of a connection between the brain divisions has led to loss of speech, cognition, memory and senses.
Reference List Davey, G 2008, The International Student’s Survival Guide, SAGE, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Hasserbroek, C 2009, Communication Sciences Student Survival Guide, Cengage Learning, Clifton Park, NY.
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The film Kramer vs. Kramer directed by Robert Benton Report (Assessment) essay help online free: essay help online free
This paper is aimed at discussing the film Kramer vs. Kramer directed by Robert Benton. In particular, it is necessary to examine the way in which the concept of family is portrayed in this movie. Much attention should be paid to such issues as gender roles, the responsibilities of parents, and other questions that are of great interest to sociologists.
This analysis will be based on books and scholarly articles which can throw light on the contemporary understanding of family. One can say that this film is aimed at challenging many of the stereotypes about the roles that men and women are supposed to play. Moreover, this cinematographic work reflects some of the main changes that took place in post-industrial societies.
For instance, one can refer to the growing economic independence of women. Certainly, this movie can be viewed as the only source of information on the transformation of family. However, the questions explored by film-makers are of great importance to sociologists. This is why it can be examined more closely.
On the whole, the film highlights the idea that modern families are not governed by specific gender rules according to which partners have to stick to some specific tasks or responsibilities that can be imposed on them by the society.
For instance, the conflicts between Ted Kramer and his wife Joanna indicate that both spouses should take equal parts in the education of children. The film-makers present a dramatic and emotional portrayal of a modern family. However, they also attempt to question many of the traditional perceptions of this notion. Overall, this notion can be described as a group of people who feel attached to one another.
However, they do not want to disregard their ambitions and self-interests. This is the meaning of family that can be derived from this cinematographic work. The film-makers want to show that the conventional stereotypes are not applicable to the contemporary families. For instance, the authors show that males are able to act as effective parents.
Additionally, this movie demonstrates that the members of a family are not necessarily oriented toward some common goal. In most cases, they are driven by the need to fulfill their talents and ambitions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These are some of main messages about families are made explicit in Kramer vs. Kramer. Currently, these messages are examined in many empirical or theoretical studies that are supposed to examine the effects of social or economic changes on the experiences of individuals or households.
It is possible to discuss several important scenes which can throw light on the roles and responsibilities within families. At the beginning, it seems to the viewer that this movie will portray a conventional nuclear family. One should bear in mind that Ted Kramer is an advertising executive, while Joanna is primarily responsible for the upbringing of their child Billy (Benton 1979).
Ted is concerned with an important task to which he is assigned. In turn, he is utterly astonished by the news that Joanna leaves him. This scene is an important element of this movie because at this point, the viewers can see that this family is no longer a nuclear one. To a great extent, Joanna’s decision can be explained by her discontent with the idea that her life can be reduced to the role of a housewife.
This is one of the details that can be identified. One can say that this situation illustrates the changes that began to take place in the post-industrial world. As a rule, researchers focus on the conflict between family well-being and equality (Gerson 2009a: 226).
In turn, the idea of equality includes the ability to achieve personal fulfillment. Joanna does not want to be deprived of this opportunity. This is one of the motives that affect her behavior and her perceptions of family.
Moreover, scholars argue that women are much more concerned about the psychological and economic risks depending on their spouses (Gerson 2009b: 160). These are some of the issues that are frequently overlooked by men many of whom do not want to reject conventional stereotypes about gender roles (Gerson 2009b: 160). This is why Ted fails to understand why Joanna chooses to leave him.
The main characters can be described as ‘the children of the gender revolution’ or people who were born during the period when many gender roles were re-evaluated (Gerson 2009d:103). Many of these people aspired for equality, but their expectations were often disappointed (Gerson 2009c: 189). Thus, family members should be able to place themselves in the position of their relatives in order to help them and resolve conflicts.
We will write a custom Assessment on The film Kramer vs. Kramer directed by Robert Benton specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, one can look at the scenes that depict Billy’s relations with his parents. It should be kept in mind that Ted has to assume the role of a single parent, while Billy does not understand why his parents are no longer able to live together (Benton 1979). This is the question that he asks his father. This boy believes that he is the underlying cause of their divorce (Benton 1979).
This scene is also important for the discussion of this movie because it can show how children can be affected by divorce. Very often, they blame themselves for the quarrel of their parents. In the long term, these self-accusations can result in significant psychological problems. Thus, this movie shows that parents must make sure that their ambitions do not produce adverse effects on their children.
This is one of the responsibilities that should parents should be aware of. If they overlook this issue, they will face various problems in the future, especially at the time, when children or adolescents begin to think more critically. This is the main pitfall that should be avoided by parents who consider the possibility of divorce.
This film can also throw some light on such an issue as parenting responsibilities of men and women. Much attention should be paid to the courtroom scenes during which lawyers of Ted and Joanna attempt to show that one of them is more suitable for the role of a parent. These scenes can represent some of the arguments related to the functions that both parents have to perform.
To a great extent, this movie shows that both men and women can be suitable for the role of parents. In many cases, the degree of their success depends on their ability to sacrifice their self-interests. For instance, Ted has to search for a different job because he cannot reconcile his role of parent and his role of a senior advertising executive. Yet, one should bear in mind that at the beginning, Ted feels very enthusiastic about his work.
In fact, he can be described as a workaholic. So, the parenting success of a person depends on his/her attitudes, values, and knowledge. This argument is supported by empirical studies which can show that the gender of a parent does not affect the psychological wellbeing of a child (Biblarz and Stacey 2010: 3). At present, this issue is also closely examined by sociologists and psychologists.
Additionally, this film shows that many individuals find it difficult to establish the work–life balance. For example, one can mention Ted’s conversation with one of the senior executives who forces him to choose between his son Billy and his career (Benton 1979).
These difficulties are encountered by a great number of people nowadays. By focusing on this conversation, the authors show that people should attain the equilibrium between their need for professional growth and the need of their children. However, this goal cannot be easily attained. This is one of the challenges should be taken into account.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The film Kramer vs. Kramer directed by Robert Benton by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The conflicts described in this movie can be viewed as indicators of significant social and cultural changes in the community. For instance, for a long time, it has been argued that a family has to include two heterosexual spouses and a child. However, this conception began to be questioned when spouses became economically independent of one another.
Moreover, the relations between characters show that equal educational opportunities can also change the attitudes and values of family members. One should keep in mind that Joanna is a college graduate (Benton 1979). Yet, her knowledge and skills are not applied in any way. So, the improvement in the quality of education can affect many families. This trend is also examined by modern sociologists.
Moreover, one should focus on the transformation of conventional gender roles. This process can be attributed to the growing importance of the feminist movement in the United States. As it has been said before, Joanna is dissatisfied with the role of a person whose activities are related only to household chores and the upbringing of children.
Her attitudes can also be explained by the influence of feminism which implies that women’s roles cannot be reduced only to one particular domain. Additionally opportunities became available to women. As it has been said before, the main characters of this movie can be regarded as “children of the gender revolution” (Gerson 2009c: 189).
These people do not believe in the conventional stereotypes about family. Yet, they do not know what kind of rules or patterns they need to follow. This is one of the details that should be taken into consideration by the viewers.
Overall, Kramer vs. Kramer can be regarded as an excellent dramatic representation of the problems that modern family can encounter. This film shows that the roles and responsibilities are not allocated according specific standards such as gender roles. More likely, the movie shows partners should share their burdens or responsibilities with one another.
For instance, they should take equal part in the education of children; otherwise they will find themselves in conflict with one another. Additionally, this cinematographic works shows that personal or professional fulfillment should be reconciled with the needs of the family. So, this film demonstrates how social changes affect the experiences of individuals. This is why this film is interesting from a sociological viewpoint.
References Benton, Robert.1979. Kramer vs. Kramer. Columbia Pictures. DVD. New York: Columbia Pictures.
Biblarz, Timothy and Stacey, Judith. 2010. “How Does the Gender of Parents Matter?“ Journal of Marriage and Family 72: 3-22.
Gerson, Kathleen. 2009a. “Finishing the Gender Revolution.” Pp. 214-226 in The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
——. 2009b. “Men’s Resistance to Equal Sharing.” Pp. 159-88 in The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
——. 2009c. “Reaching across the Gender Divide.” Pp. 189-212 in The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
——. 2009d. “High Hopes, Lurking Fears.” Pp. 103-23 in The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Ethical Analysis of the Eight Mile Road Hearsay Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Restatement of the Facts
Analysis of the Situation
Overall Analysis of the Solution
Restatement of the Facts I work as a nuclear engineer in the thermal-hydraulic analysis department of a company that builds reactors. During my analysis of a power plant, I had a telephone conversation with an engineer at the Eight Mile Road nuclear power plant about an incident that had occurred at Toledo. The power plant at Toledo had experienced a small over-pressurization.
Consequently, the pressure relief valve opened in order to release steam and to reduce pressure. Unfortunately, the valve did not close, despite giving the indication that it was closed. As a result, the plant’s operator stopped high-pressure injection because of an apparent recovery of the system. However, this action was supposed to be taken only after the primary system had achieved a sub-cooled state.
Based on the data obtained from the power plant, the system was in a two-phase state. Consequently, it lacked adequate capacity to accommodate the termination of high-pressure injection. During the non-injection flow period, significant amount of fluid was lost. Nonetheless, the pressurizer continued to indicate high-pressure level.
According to the operator, the core could have uncovered with the fuel being damaged if the incident had occurred in a reactor operating at full power and significant burn-up. Having spoken to the engineer, I wrote a memo describing the situation to my boss. The boss promised to forward the memo to his superior in order to warn similar plants.
However, the memo was not forwarded since the information was not obtained through an official channel. I was advised to obtain an official memo describing the problem from the engineer at Toledo in order to continue pursuing the issue. Unfortunately, the engineer said that he could not write the memo immediately due to lack of time.
Analysis of the Situation In this situation, my actions had potential effects on several stakeholders. These include me as an engineer, the company that I work for, the employees of the plant, the community living around the plant, and the nuclear industry. I have various types of duties to each of these stakeholders.
As an engineer in charge of thermal-hydraulic analysis, I have a duty to myself to perform my duties to the best of my abilities, as well as, to prioritize the health, safety, and welfare of the public. To the company that I work for, I have a duty to provide information that helps in improving the design and safety standards of all nuclear reactors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I also have a duty to the employees working at the plant at Toledo, as well as, the community living around it. In this regard, my duty is to identify potential causes of accidents and to ensure that appropriate actions are taken to address them. To the nuclear industry, I have a duty to serve the interest of the public in order to improve the image of the industry.
Given the sensitivity of the incident at Toledo, I consulted a follow engineer in my department who emphasized the importance of using official communication channels to report imminent accident cases. My colleague stated that I needed to present an official document that describes the situation at Toledo in an objective and truthful manner in order to convince my boss to act immediately.
Since I did not have an official document, I began to explore alternative courses of action, which included the following. First, I could persuade my boss to pass on the memo and to warn other plants of similar designs. In this case, I would highlight the seriousness of the problem in order to convince the boss to act immediately.
Secondly, I could persuade the engineer at Toledo to create time and write the memo immediately since averting an accident is more important than other assignments. This would enable my boss to take immediate action to prevent any accidents. Third, I could ignore my boss and forward the memo directly to other plants in order to warn them of an imminent accident.
This would enable operators of similar plants to take preventive measures in time and avoid nuclear accidents. Fourth, I could go to the plant and investigate the problem. Consequently, I would be able to prepare and submit an official report to my boss to address the situation. Finally, I could write to the industry regulator about the incident and ask for immediate action to be taken to address the problem.
The first course of action is based on the assumption that the boss would change his mind and pass on the memo by considering the seriousness of the problem. However, this might not have been the case if the boss disputed the facts about the incident. In option three, the memo would be rejected due to lack of factual material about the Toledo incident.
Besides, ignoring my boss would strain our work relationship. The fourth option would not work since investigating the incident requires a lot of time. The fifth course of action would be inappropriate since I had not exhausted all internal means of addressing the problem. Thus, I would choose option two to address the situation.
We will write a custom Essay on Ethical Analysis of the Eight Mile Road Hearsay specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Overall Analysis of the Solution The second course of action would be appropriate since the engineer at Toledo would provide facts about the problem to enable my boss to make the right decision. This option fulfills the ethical values of responsibility and integrity. In particular, convincing the engineer to write the memo would enable us to access facts that would enable my boss to exercise good judgment.
Additionally, the facts would enhance accountability, truthfulness, and reliability in my work as I pursue the issue. In this regard, option two would enable me to fulfill my duties to various stakeholders.
For instance, I would be able to provide my company with the correct information to facilitate improvement of safety in nuclear plants. Moreover, it would enable me to fulfill my duty of ensuring the safety of the community living around the Toledo power plant. Thus, I would convince the engineer at Toledo to write the memo immediately. If he refused, I would ask him to request one of his colleagues at the plant to write the memo.
After receiving the memo, I would make recommendations for a change in the design of nuclear plants such as the one at Toledo. The changes would ensure that faulty pressure relief valves are replaced with functioning ones (USNRC). Additionally, I would ensure that all plants have functioning indicators for pressure level and pressure relief valves.
Works Cited Harris, Charles, Michael Pritchard and Michael Robins. Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013. Print.
Robinson, Simon, Ross Dixon and Christopher Preece. Engineering, Business and Professional Ethics. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2008. Print.
USNRC. Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 28 Mar. 1979. Web.
Analysis of nuclear engineering topics: Eight Mile Road Hearsay Reflective Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Facts
Generation of alternatives and analysis
Solution and implementation
Facts I work as an engineer at the Thermo Hydraulics Analysis Department of a nuclear power plant. During an analysis of the power plant, I receive a phone call from an engineer at the Eight Mile Road Nuclear Power Plant and he expresses his concern over the current design of the reactor in relation to the pressure valves and indicators.
He describes an incident at a plant in Toledo whereby a pressure relief valve opened to relieve steam and decrease pressure due to over pressurization, but failed to close despite the fact that the indicator stated successful closure. The operator at the plant stopped high-pressure injection owing to an apparent recovery in the system.
The plant was in a two-phase state, thus leading to a lack of capacity to accommodate termination of high-pressure injection. During a twenty to thirty-minute non-injection flow period, the plant recorded significant loss in fluid inventory.
Information relayed in the phone call about the design flow of the nuclear reactor made me uneasy, and thus I wrote a memo to my boss describing the situation and the need to inform other power plants of the possible design flaws. He promised to present the memo to her boss to address the concerns.
Two weeks later, after asking my boss on the progress of the memo, he informs me that her boss saw no need to forward the information to other plants due to the unofficial nature of the information.
He also states that if I desired to pursue the matter, I should obtain official documentation from my colleague stating the facts of the entire incident. I inform the engineer at the Eight Mile Road power plant of the development and request official documentation and he agrees on condition that I provide a two-month window within which he can send the documentation.
Situation analysis In this scenario, my decision is likely to affect several stakeholders. The stakeholders include me, the plant’s employees, the plant’s management, the company, members of the public living within the plant’s vicinity, the environment, colleagues in other power plants, and the nuclear industry.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, the decision may lead to the loss or maintenance of my job, have implications on the safety of employees, indicate the management’s competence in dealing with issues, and affect the company’s expenditure and profits available for stockholders.
My duties play an important role in the consideration of alternatives. I have a duty to myself as an engineer to ensure that I perform my duties to the best of my abilities. The preamble of the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) Code of Ethics for Engineers, 1979, states that as an engineer, I should strive to increase competence and use my knowledge and skill adequately.
I also have a duty to the employees to ensure that reactors at the plant are safe for use through proper analysis and recommendations. It is my duty to the plant’s management to ensure that I notify them of possible faults in the plant’s machinery and give appropriate recommendations as per Section 1(C) of the NSPE Code of Ethics.
The code, under Section 2, states that it is my duty as an engineer to ensure, “proper regard for the safety, health and welfare of the public” (NSPE Para.2). I have a duty to the company to ensure that I safeguard its economic interests and follow the company regulations including avoiding unnecessary lawsuits that may affect the company’s integrity.
My duty to the stockholders involves making decisions that support the making of profits and safeguard their financial interests in the company. Due to the seriousness of the situation’s impact on the operations at the plant, I found it necessary to consult an engineer in my department regarding the appropriate course of action.
Martin (34) expresses the opinion that I should apply a solution that works in the best interest of everyone involved. The right course of action is one that exhibits objectivity and complies with the company’s regulations and code of conduct (Robinson et al. 52). I should convince my friend to spare a bit of time to prepare the official documentation or strive to change the boss’s decision by stating the severity of the situation.
Generation of alternatives and analysis According to the situation, I have several alternatives to work with. First, I may try to convince my boss to reconsider his decision and forward the information to other plants warning them of imminent occurrence of accidents in case the reactors are faulty.
We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of nuclear engineering topics: Eight Mile Road Hearsay specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Secondly, I may try convincing my colleague at the Eight Mile Rod plant to prepare the documentation and send the same immediately as a safety concern to prevent avoidable accidents. My third alternative involves waiting for the colleague to send the letter in two months for further action.
Lastly, I may choose to visit the plant at Toledo and obtain a full report personally, in fulfillment of Section 5 of NSPE code of ethics, which requires opinions founded on adequate knowledge and honest conviction. The first option supports the concept of public safety and safety of employees and would effectively avert accidents in other plants in advance.
However, the option requires the boss to act unethically by going against company regulations and creating possible liabilities from lawsuits if the information is false. The second option complies with the company’s regulations and it would effectively avert accidents in other plants, but it is dependent on the response of the colleague at the Eight Mile Road power plant.
The third option is compliant with the company’s regulations and convenient for the engineer at the Eight Mile Road plant. However, the time delay may have serious implications on the health and safety of workers in other plants and populations living near the plant.
The last option complies with all regulations and it is convenient for the colleague at the Eight Mile Road plant and the company. However, it would require me to sacrifice my time and travel to Toledo and create a report on the alleged incident.
Solution and implementation The last option is the most appropriate in this situation. The solution caters for timely reporting and solution generation. Visiting the Toledo plant would allow me access to first-hand information and provide the opportunity to inspect the faulty reactor.
This move would enable me to write a report based on facts as well as proper analysis with appropriate recommendations for my plant and others using reactors with the same design. In case the information happens to be a rumor, the company would save face and avoid any changes in operations at the plant.
Section 15 of the NSPE Code of Ethics provides that engineers should “cooperate in extending the effectiveness of the profession by exchanging information and experience with other engineers” (NSPE Para.4). This aspect means that visiting the Toledo plant would be ethical and thus would not jeopardize the integrity of any other engineer involved in the process.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of nuclear engineering topics: Eight Mile Road Hearsay by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The solution requires me to visit the Toledo plant personally, collect information on the incident, conduct inspection of the faulty reactor, and create a detailed report of the overall situation including possible solutions. I would then have to present the same to my boss, who would present the same to his boss, thus giving him a reason to act and forward information to other plants.
Works Cited Martin, Mike. Ethics in Engineering, New York: McGraw Hill, 2006. Print.
NSPE 2007, Code of Ethics for Engineers. PDF File. Web.
Robinson, Simon, Ross Dixon, Christopher Preece, and Kris Moodley. Engineering, Business and Professional Ethics, London: Routledge, 2007. Print.
Food in Mexico Report best college essay help: best college essay help
Food Cultures and Science in Mexico Mexico is a country located south of North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States, on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The country has a moderate climate characterized by low-lying coastal areas and has pleasant summers and mild winters.
The country’s rainy season falls between May and September while the hurricane seasons occur between May and November. The country has 113 million inhabitants and was originally under the reign of Spain.
Food availability in Mexico According to GAIN (2010), we can only talk about food security when every single individual has access to food. Although research generally indicates that food availability in Mexico does not present a serious danger, there are places in Mexico where food access has been a real concern.
In 2008 for example, close to 20% of the Mexican people could not access food due to lack of sufficient income and this greatly affected productivity (GAIN, 2010). Despite food being available to feed all, access has always been dependent on an individual’s purchasing power.
As noted by Gilman (2011), some of the best foods in Mexico are accessed from stalls along the streets and in the market places. Although eating food obtained from the streets may appear strange to some visitors, it is quite normal for an average Mexican. This notwithstanding, Mexicans are content with food obtained from the streets and the market. They are, therefore, not about to stop getting food from these locations (Ochoa, 2001).
For many citizens, these foods are fresh and dealers are equally considered healthy and very neat. Restaurant owners are known to conduct their food businesses with so much care and integrity to the delight their customers. In addition, most people prefer eating processed foods though they still go after fresh food as has been the tradition from the early days.
Locally produced foods include peas, dry beans, walnut, sunflower, sweet pepper, and tomatoes. Mexicans import foods such as honey, dried herbs and mushrooms, roasted coffee, and cheese, to name but a few.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Staple food, how it is served and what are the common food sources? According to Gilman (2011), the most common food source in Mexico is corn or what is commonly known as maize. It is normally prepared either as flat bread also known as tortilla or as corn stew, usually referred to as pozole. Also available are fruits and vegetables such as green tomatoes, mangoes, papaya, and avocado.
These are eaten alongside the main meals. Meat is also obtained from chicken and pigs as well as from breeds of cattle including Corrientes and French Charolais.
In their cooking, Mexicans use garlic, chili, almond, clove, and cumin to add flavor to their cookery. This is further improved using various natural ingredients. Other familiar foods are seafood, frijoles or beans, and frijoles refritos or refried beans, and spiced coffee which is made using a mixture of spices.
What are the common food preparation methods? In preparing their food, Mexicans tend to use a combination of methods. Deep and stir frying are the most common. Deep frying involves placing the food in a deep pot filled with cooking oil. Among fried foods are dessert puffs and chicken cheese crisp.
What spice is commonly used in food preparation? Mexican food is made using spices such as almond, cumin, and chili. As has been mentioned elsewhere in this paper, Mexican food is traditionally made out of maize or corn and beans and is mainly prepared by deep or stir frying. Although many other types of food are available and can be accessed at will, the limitation is usually the purchasing power (Tucker and Buranapin, 2001).
What are the main macro and micronutrients and what sources? Different foods contain different nutrients. Macronutrients such as protein and carbohydrates are obtained from corn, pigs, and meat from Corrientes or French Charolais breeds of cattle. Micronutrients on the other hand are obtained through fruits and vegetables such as verdolaga and huazontle. Common fruits include guava, mango, and guanabana.
Although most Mexicans have stuck with traditional foods for so long, many people also enjoy eating fast foods which mostly supply carbohydrates and fats. Other foods such as chicken soup are prepared specifically for those the sick. Some people have, however, argued that the preparation of Mexican food depends on what one wants to prepare. The preparation is also tied to the historical origins of the Mexican people.
We will write a custom Report on Food in Mexico specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More What is their food culture and health implication? According to Geddes and Paloma (2000), Mexicans suffer from a number of ailments as a result of their food culture and traditional beliefs that have been carried forward from generation to generation. It is common to come by people dying from illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and obesity caused by poor eating habits. It is absolutely necessary for people to change their eating habits and drop some of the unhealthy eating practices.
Apparently, poverty is also to blame for the bad food culture in Mexico (Long
Written Communication and Critical Analysis Marion Enterprise Proposal best college essay help
Problem Statement Data is important to manufacturing companies like Marion Enterprise. It is necessary in critical areas of the business such as human resource, production and the organization’s inventory. Data is useless without consistent updates.
The research problem is to investigate office ergonomics of the data entry center in this organization. The other issues that will be examined are the establishment of an anthropometric database and possible hazards employees overlook in the data entry center. The study will however major on the first issue.
Justification Ergonomics is the science that examines how capable people are taking into account their physical and mental limits in relation to the tools, machines and equipment used in the course of their work. Office ergonomic is a specialty that focuses on the environment of the office worker.
There has been an increase in interest by people towards the specialty because of an upsurge in the use of computers and disorders associated with them (Wisha Services Division (WSD), 2002). The specialty is critical since some of the signs associated with poor ergonomics such as fatigue and pain reduces the productivity of workers (CBS, n.d).
Treatment of disorders occasioned by poor ergonomics in an office environment is costly in terms of finance and time lost whenever an employee takes leave (Health and Safety Executive (HSE), 2013). The worst part is a reduction in the normal pace of work in a department where an employee is based. For this organization, the entry of data will be slowed which may affect the ability of the organization to get real-time data.
Topics for investigation The workstation
Data entry operators spend many hours during the working days in their workstation. The workstation will be the first area to be investigated for any ergonomic flaws. It consists of the office furniture such as the chairs, tables and computers that the data entry operators use directly as they carry out their work. All these aspects will be examined (Workers Compensation Board (WCB), (2007).
The computers used by the data entry operators
Computers are the key equipment used by data entry operators (Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers Inc, 2008). They will be investigated to ascertain how ergonomic they are to their users. In the investigation, computer parts such as mouse, keyboard and the monitor will be assessed on ergonomic adjustability.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Anthropometric data
The research will also determine the feasibility of establishing a database for anthropometric data. The data will be useful for management when purchasing equipment for the data entry operators after recruitment. Problems related to ergonomics in computer equipment will reduce significantly in the data entry center that will be expanded (National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, 1991).
Hazards with sharp edges
All the furniture in the data entry center will be examined to establish whether they have any sharp edges that the employees often lean. This action by the data entry operators only appears harmless initially but leads to certain disorders such as slow blood circulation and damaged nerves (Texas Department of Insurance, n.d).
The operational nature of data entry operators will be looked at to assess the possible effect they have on the workers developing disorders. All repetitive motions will be noted so that a possible intervention can be formulated.
The intervention will be a scientific one, and its impact in improving the office ergonomics of the data center has to be monitored after periods specified to ensure effectiveness Health and Safety Authority (HSE), n.d).
The available working space in the data entry center as compared to the staff who works there will be examined. The examination will seek to reveal the sufficiency of the available space. Appropriate recommendations will then be made (Environmental Health and Safety (EHS), n.d).
Preliminary methodology and potential resources The research will gather data about all the areas mentioned earlier using the following methods. Interviews will be conducted to the data entry operators on specific areas on different areas of their workstations.
Structured written questionnaires will follow the interviews as a way of verifying most of what has been given orally in the interviews conducted. Observations will be made on the workstations and computers and information obtained compared to recommended office ergonomics (University of Wisconsin Eau Claire, n.d).
We will write a custom Proposal on Written Communication and Critical Analysis Marion Enterprise specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The anthropometric data will be sought for reputable databases available online. The results of a feasibility study for setting a company anthropometric database will be determined by the diversity of the staff in the organization.
Work schedule The research will be conducted for a period of two weeks. During the first week, data will be collected from the data entry center. The collection through interviews will be done in the first hour of each office day in order for a period of three days to minimize disruptions to normal work.
The remaining two days of the week will be used by the research team to gather data with written structured questionnaires. The second week the first working day, the team will observe the workstations of the data entry operators. The other two days will be for analyzing the data, and the last two will be utilized in preparing the report.
References CBS. The advantages of ergonomics. Web.
Enviromental Health and Safety (EHS). Ergonomic workstations guidelines. Web.
Health And Safety Authority (HAS). Ergonomics in the Workplace. Web.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE). (2013). Ergonomics and human factors at work. Web.
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission. (1991). Ergonomic principles and checklists for the selection of office furniture and equipment. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Written Communication and Critical Analysis Marion Enterprise by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Occupational Health Clinics for Ontanrio Workers Inc. (2008). Office ergonomics handbook. Web.
Texas Department of Insurance. Office Ergonomics. Web.
University of Wisconsin Eau Claire. Data Collection Methods. Web.
Wisha Services Division (WSD). (2002). Office ergonomics. Practical solutions for a safer workplace. Web.
Workers Compensation Board (WCB). (2007). Office Ergonomics: think detection:think prevention: think activity. Web.
Demoralizing Tobacco Case Study college application essay help
Introduction The federal government of Canada has been very aggressive in dealing with the challenge of tobacco smoking in the country. Tobacco use and nicotine addiction have been a major challenge in healthcare management and public administration in Canada.
A section of Canadian citizens are opposed to smoking and feel that the government needs to take stern action on tobacco industry for its role in high nicotine smoking and addiction rates. According to Health Canada, tobacco and nicotine addiction are some of the preventable factors that predispose people to diseases, yet the public administration is doing very little to improve the situation.
Anti-smoking groups in Canada have suggested that the federal government needs to roll out a campaign to demoralize the tobacco industry, as there is an urgent need to reduce the rate at which people are smoking tobacco. However, the biggest challenge lies on the government’s readiness to roll out such a campaign, whether it will be successful, and the necessary legislation for effective implementation.
To achieve success in such a campaign, it is important for the federal government to ensure that both its communication systems and social marketing strategies are effective enough. I believe that the Canada’s federal government is ready to roll out a demoralization campaign, for its tobacco industry.
Discussion According to Health Canada, reducing the use of tobacco in Canada will lead to healthier people, who will enjoy better quality of life. Tobacco and nicotine addiction is a challenge in Canada, but Health Canada officials believe that the situation is reversible, as quitting the habit does not have a timeline.
The demoralization campaign on the tobacco industry is a good idea, and its success elsewhere provides enough motivation to the government. Demoralization of the tobacco industry has successfully worked in the states of Florida and California in America.
This is not the first attempt that the federal government of Canada intends to make in reducing the prevalence of smoking in the country. Over the last four decades, the government has implemented numerous legislations that have greatly reduced smoking rates. The timing of the demoralization campaign is right, as there is need to improve the health status of people, and empower them economically.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to government statistics on smoking in Canada, a big percentage of the population belongs to low social and economic classes, and has the highest smoking rates. There is an opposite relationship between education and income, in that people with low education levels are likely to have little income. This has direct impact on the social behaviors they pick, and their ability to manage the effects of those habits.
Therefore, most health complications related to tobacco smoking apply among low-income earners. Economic empowerment would greatly help in reducing the rise in rates of tobacco smoking. A demoralization campaign by the government would help in public education and awareness creation about tobacco, and the effects of nicotine addiction.
Public education and awareness creation will definitely make a difference in smoking rates, as people will become more conscious of both their health and economic prospects. A demoralization campaign will also motivate people to seek more responsibilities in an effort to attain the common good.
Everyone has an ethical duty to ensure the attainment of the common good, by looking out for the welfare of others. Tobacco smoking has effects on both active smokers and the passive smokers. Tobacco smoke contains dangerous chemicals that easily initiate cancer in active and passive smokers.
Effective public administration entails coordination between various government agencies and the private sector. Running a high profile campaign to demoralize tobacco in Canada can result to both legal and public complications. The Canadian federal government says that high rates of smoking in Canada are negatively affecting the national economy and welfare of citizens.
Running a demoralization campaign will lead to complications because of conflicting interests. There is the need to uphold the rule of law, and the economic aspect of having the tobacco industry.
From one perspective, the tobacco industry is boosting the national economy of Canada through tax revenue and job creation for its people, while on the other hand the tobacco industry is affecting the economic potency of most citizens who are slowly getting addicted to the habit of smoking tobacco.
We will write a custom Case Study on Demoralizing Tobacco specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Smoking in public is not a very sociable thing for someone to do, thus the need to improve people relations when in public places or gatherings. The positive aspect of a demoralization campaign on the tobacco industry is that it will make people feel guilty and socially unlikable when they smoke, especially in public.
A demoralization campaign on the tobacco industry in Canada needs to focus on youths aged between 18 years and 35 years. According to statistics by Health Canada, this age group is the most affected in terms of nicotine addiction and health complications. The reason why the campaign needs to focus on this group is that they are at their active stage in life, when they need to use their energy and time to achieve economic empowerment.
Most nicotine addicts in Canada belong to the low economic class, as they tend to miss crucial opportunities in life because of their habit. Although this could be the main target group for the demoralization campaign, it is important for the government also to consider the group that starts smoking at early teenage, albeit the number being very small.
Managing the challenge starting with this group can be an effective long-term strategy, as their peers will have no one to influence them into smoking tobacco. The demoralization campaign would also be very effective if it focused on the role of parents, caregivers, and learning institutions in the fight against increasing rates of tobacco smoking.
The demoralization campaign ought to pass educative messages that create awareness about tobacco and nicotine addiction, as well as messages that discourage people from envying the disastrous habit. People need to learn about various components of nicotine, how they affect the human body and effective ways of detoxification.
Canadian population needs to develop the right attitude about tobacco and nicotine addiction, by understanding the nature of operations in the industry and its products. Campaign messages also need to focus on ways that passive smokers can positively influence their friends into quitting the habit.
Secondary smokers have a crucial role to play in the success of the demoralization campaign. The best time to air, the campaign is during prime time when there are more viewers, as well as during school holidays when most young people spend a lot of free time on various media.
It is important for the federal government to engage other partners in this campaign, as the challenge of nicotine smoking goes beyond public administration.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Demoralizing Tobacco by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The government needs to engage the services and resource capacity of non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations, and faith-based organizations. Other essential partners in this campaign are civil society organizations, and peer counselors. These partners would complement the efforts of the government in the campaign, which is mainly policy formulation and implementation.
Conclusion The demoralization campaign on the tobacco industry is a very good idea by the Canadian federal government. Owing to the fast-rising rates of smoking and nicotine addiction in the country, it is necessary to educate people about the health and legal consequences of engaging in the habit. In addition, it is important to create an impression on people that smoking is not a socially acceptable behavior, especially when done in public.
Demoralization campaigns help in reducing smoking rates by generating guilt among smokers for what they do, especially in public places. Demoralization campaigns ought to be manipulative in nature, and hard-hitting to influence people into reflecting about their habit and making considerations about quitting.
The federal government needs to develop legislations that will regulate the use of nicotine in the country in terms of the age limit for possession of tobacco, and the right places for smoking.
People need to develop an attitude for promoting ethics and the will to attain the common good through their social life. It is the responsibility of everyone in Canada to stop the problem of tobacco and nicotine addiction, by supporting the government in the demoralization campaign.
Advertisement «Refresh on the Coca-Cola side of life» Report (Assessment) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Nowadays, it became a commonplace practice among advertisers to go about increasing the commercial appeal of the advertised products by the mean of emphasizing the pathos and ethos related subtleties of these products’ discursive positioning.
The reason for this is simple – by taking advantage of this specific advertisement-strategy, advertisers are able to ensure that the conveyed commercial message is fully consistent with the targeted audience’s unconscious anxieties, in relation to the promoted product/service. In this paper, I will explore the validity of the above-suggestion, in regards to the poster ‘Refresh on the Coca-Cola side of life’, chosen for the analysis.
The poster in question features the opened bottle of Coca-Cola with a drinking straw inserted in it. The straw itself is shown extended beyond the poster’s spatial boundaries in the direction of one of the windows on the wall – hence, creating a visual illusion, as if the apartment’s resident is in fact able to take sips out of the bottle.
This, of course, creates objective preconditions for onlookers to spend more time, while observing the poster, because when exposed to it, they get to experience the sensation of a cognitive dissonance.
One of the poster’s most striking features is the fact that it organically incorporates the appeals to logos, ethos and pathos.
Its appeal to logos is concerned with the textual message ‘Refresh on the Coca-Cola side of life’, which establishes discursive parallels between the advertised product, on the one hand, and the notion of ‘refreshment, on the other. Nevertheless, it is specifically the poster’s strongly defined appeals to ethos and pathos, which make it memorable.
The first of these appeals is concerned with the fact that, while observing the poster, potential consumers are able to confirm the validity of the idea that Coca-Cola is indeed a high-quality product. After all, if it was not the case, people would not go as far as trying to drink the promoted beverage by the mean of inserting a straw into the product’s one-dimensional depiction.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In other words, the discussed element of the poster’s design serves the function of convincing people that doubting the advertised product’s high quality, on their part, would prove highly unreasonable. Consequently, this is expected to provide them with yet additional stimulus to consider purchasing it.
What also adds to the poster’s ethos-related appeal is that the featured image is culturally relevant, within the context of the affiliated socio-cultural settings. After all, it subtly hints at the sheer industriousness of the individual, which supposedly succeeded in taking advantage of the poster’s proximity to his or her apartment.
Yet, as we are well aware of, in America one’s endowment with the sense of industriousness is considered reflective of the concerned individual’s existential worth. Therefore, there can only be a few doubts that the discussed poster is indeed adjusted with what happened to be the essence of main existential drives, on the part of the majority of Americans.
The poster’s appeal to pathos is concerned with its ability to trigger a variety of emotional responses in onlookers. In its turn, this has been accomplished by the following:
The poster prompts people to experience the earlier mentioned sensation of a cognitive dissonance – when observing it; they do spend some time assessing the de facto possibility of what is being depicted. As a result, the image ends up being ‘engraved’ in their minds.
This, of course, points out to the fact that the poster’s designers we well aware that, in order for a particular advertisement-message to be memorable, it must necessarily be emotionally charged.
The poster conveys the message of ‘realness’, in regards to the advertised beverage. In its turn, this is supposed to lessen the acuteness of onlookers’ awareness that, while exposed to the advertisement in question, they are being psychologically manipulated.
We will write a custom Assessment on Advertisement «Refresh on the Coca-Cola side of life» specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This, of course, implies that while designing this particular advertisement-poster, its creators remained thoroughly aware that the process of ‘seeing’, which takes place in people’s minds, is highly subjective.
The poster addresses one of main unconscious anxieties, on the part of potential consumers – specifically, their deep-seated desire to perceive the surrounding reality, as such that can be transformed by the sheer strength of their willpower. In this respect, a certain parallel can be drawn between what accounts for the power of the poster’s appeal, on the one hand, and the power of just about any organized religion’s appeal, on the other.
In both cases, the advertisement/religious message’s recipients are encouraged to consider the possibility that there is indeed a good reason to believe in the possibility of ‘miracles’. This once again substantiates the legitimacy of the earlier suggestion that the design of the concerned advertisement-poster is culturally appropriate.
After all, it appears discursively consistent with the fact that, as of today, the so-called ‘moral majority’ (consisting of bible-thumpers) continues to exert a considerable influence on the societal dynamics in America.
Because there is an undeniable element of ‘silliness’ to the poster in question, the conveyed advertisement-message helps onlookers to suppress their fear of aging. The rationale behind this suggestion is quite apparent – by finding the earlier mentioned ‘silliness’ amusing, people do realize themselves being cognitively related to the qualitative characteristics of a youthful living.
Consequently, the induced workings of their unconscious psyche convince these people that the very fact that the discussed poster appeals to them, signifies that they are rather ‘young at heart’ – regardless of what happened to be their actual age.
There are also cultural connotations to the above-suggestion – the poster in question appears thoroughly consistent with the discourse of ‘youthfulness’ in America, which causes many elderly citizens in this country to mimic the act of young people.
In light of the earlier provided analysis, it will be fully appropriate, on our part, to suggest that the poster at stake will indeed prove an effective tool for increasing the promoted beverage’s commercial appeal. This simply could not be otherwise, because it does not simply feature the appeals to logos, ethos and pathos, but combines them organically – hence, creating a powerful cognitive effect.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Advertisement «Refresh on the Coca-Cola side of life» by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moreover, this poster also exploits a number of culturally relevant anxieties, on the part of the targeted audience members, which in turn causes the promoted message to be particularly memorable in both: cognitive and perceptual senses of this word.
I believe that the deployed line of argumentation, in regards to the discussed subject matter, is fully agreeable with the paper’s initial thesis. Apparently, there is indeed a good reason to expect the poster ‘Refresh on the Coca-Cola side of life’ to never cease attracting people’s attention, as an imaginative and psychologically sound advertisement-piece.
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Research Paper writing essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Abstract The Deepwater Horizon oil spill started in 20 April 2010. It resulted in the death of 11 people. In addition, it damaged the marine ecosystem. BP owned the off-shore oil drilling facility.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill resulted in the release of approximately 5 million barrels of oil into the sea. There was unrestricted flow of oil into the sea for almost 3 months. A massive explosion caused the oil to spill into the sea. BP capped the oil rig on 15 July 2010.
Thousands of workers were involved in various activities to remove the oil from the environment. This exposed the workers to various toxic chemicals found in oil. Benzene is one of the major toxic compounds found in oil (Freudenburg
The Challenges of Women Veterans of Nevada Essay college essay help: college essay help
The war leads not only to the death casualties but also to the huge number of physical and moral invalids. The moral trauma is one of the main problems of the war veterans. However, we should pay closer attention to the challenges which women veterans face when they come home. The community should recognize the responsibility of providing help to these women and of creating the conditions favoring their reintegration.
This essay is devoted to the challenges of women veterans of Nevada which have been discussed on the radio program “State of Nevada” recently.
The topic of the “State of Nevada” program broadcasted on the radio on 17 October 2013 was “Nevada’s Women Veterans Face Challenges”. The situation in the state shows that the society pays insufficient attention to the problems of women veterans.
According to the statistical data, “between 2008 and 2010 alone, 14 female veterans committed suicide in Nevada” (“Nevada’s Women Veterans” n.pag.). These figures make us thinking that the women who come back home from the army face difficult moral problems which many cannot cope with by themselves.
The participants of the program were Michelle Wilmot, army veteran, artist and writer; Yvonne Betron, marine veteran and coordinator of women veterans’ programs for Nevada Depart. of Veteran Services; Ray Scurfield, psychotherapist, fellow of Combat Stress Board of American Institute of Stress, and founding director of VA National Center for PTSD (“Nevada’s Women Veterans” n.pag.).
The participants discussed the problems which women veterans faced when they left military as well as the roots of these problems. All of them emphasized the mental problem and crisis which women went through when they returned home.
It was mentioned that a large number of women veterans had high rate of homeless and suffered from the economic distress and this rate was significantly higher than the rate of the male veterans (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”). In addition, women suffered from the domestic violence (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Explaining the reasons for this differences, Yvonne Betron stated that the female veterans faced with much more challenges when they came home than the male veterans (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”). In particular, women coming home from military had to return to their home duties immediately.
“They cannot wait for a couple of months to become a mother again or to become a wife”, Yvonne said (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”). This put moral pressure on them. Essentially, the majority of people were not able to adapt to such harsh changes soon.
Furthermore, the angry and overexcitetion which they experienced in the army needed time to be overcame. Yvonne said that the women had to, so to say, “jump into life” after servicing in the military forces. However, the life posed even more obstacles to them.
Michelle Wilmot, telling about her own experience, said that the severe injustice she faced while being in Iraq was so ridiculous for her that she did not have a resolution as a result (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”). Michelle mentioned the racial discrimination and sexual abuses in her combat. She said that “people came to power they could not control” (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”).
The reintegration of the female veterans with the community was a difficult process. Yvonne said that the problem was that some women veterans did not seem themselves as the veterans when they came from army. This was a serious problem because they did not recognize the fact that they needed help and often did not obtain it.
Ray Scurfield gave his own view on the situation stressing that the mental problem which female veterans faced was that they felt no purpose, they did not know for what they lived.
He added that they suffered from trauma from both enemies and comrades and when they came home, they saw that the society did not care of what they had been through; they felt forgotten, unrecognized, and did not felt accepted (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”). These factors explained the significant rise in the suicide acts which had been already called the epidemic of suicide.
We will write a custom Essay on The Challenges of Women Veterans of Nevada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ray also told about the challenge which women faced while being in horizon. He said that they suffered from abuse very often and they had to cope with the negative and sometimes disdainful attitude of male soldiers to women in the army. The lack of support the women felt was hard to be overcame easily by them.
However, the common efforts of the social organizations are necessary to the solving of the female veterans problems. As Michelle emphasized, “the reintegration is the community issue” (“Nevada’s Women Veterans”).
In order to summarize all above mentioned, it should be said that the program “State of Nevada” touched upon a rather serious social problem of the women veterans’ adaptation to the ordinary life after servicing in army. The participants of the program gave their views on the situation and explained the challenges which women veterans faced when they came home.
They stressed that these challenges should not be seen as their own problems, they were the problems of the community as a whole and the community was responsible to provide aid to the female veterans.
Works Cited “Nevada’s Women Veterans Face Challenges”. 17 October 2013. Knpr.org. Web.
“Nevada’s Women Veterans Face Challenges”. State of Nevada., KNPR, Las Vegas, 17 October 2013. Radio.
Investigative Report on Health IT Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Health IT and Patient Health Issues
Dealing with Patient Safety Issues
Australian Literature and Health IT Problems
Introduction Over the years, the recognition of health IT as an essential requirement for improved delivery of health care services has continued to grow quite hysterically. Also referred to as health information systems, health IT has so much to offer as far as patient health care provision is considered (IOM, 2012).
It is thus imperative to completely do away with the traditional approach to medical problems so as to realize a radical transformation in the medical sector. Embracing the use of technology will boost the performance of the health sector in terms of research, production of medicine, diagnosis, treatment, and follow up.
This paper considers various aspects of health IT as well as patient safety concerns in relation to the use of information technology.
Health IT and Patient Health Issues Patient safety is a subset of medical study that looks at the use of safe techniques by health care providers in the course of delivering health care services to patients (Reason, 2000). The goal of patient safety in heath care delivery is usually to win the confidence of patients regarding the use of health IT.
An assumption by many health care providers is that health IT improves the effectiveness of medical diagnosis as well as treatment and consequently the safety of patients (Savage
Competitive Advantage of Universal Weather and Aviation Asia Pacific Company Report cheap essay help
Universal Weather and Aviation Company was founded in 1959 by the late Tom Evans. The founder was often commended for his visionary foresight to establish an all- inclusive service provider in the flourishing aviation industry. Universal Weather and Aviation Company is the first company to offer support services for businesses and private flight operations.
Initially, the company started by updating pilots on weather reports. However, the company later expanded to include a range of other vital services considered necessary by business aircraft operators. These services include: provision of over flight permits, flight paths, cargo handling services, cookery and hotel and accommodation (Universal weather, 2013, p. 1).
As part of the company’s global strategy, Universal Weather and Aviation Company began to expand globally by opening regional offices in Asia, Europe, Latin America and Africa. Global expansion was a holistic approach to the needs of the clients across the borders. Regional offices outlined the company’s strategy and programs in the competitive market.
The strategy included: localization of services; global expansion; high touch to local clients; formulating and matching products and services with the needs of each market segment; and decentralization of services (Universal weather, 2013, p. 1).
With the modest growth in the international market as well as the increasing number of new entrants in the market, the company is currently facing stiff competition. The product line offered are based on the segments from which revenues are generated.
The company is divided into four segments offering distinct services. These segments include: Trip Support Services (TSS), Fuel Reselling (UVair), Fixed Base Operations (FBO) and Trip tools (Universal weather, 2013, p. 1).
The purpose of this report is to explore Universal Weather and Aviation Company’s competitive advantage in the Aviation industry. The report will identify some of the challenges affecting the company’s competitive advantage and devise solutions based on the principle and practices of operations management. The most commonly used tool for assessing companies’ competitive advantage is SWOT Analysis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More SWOT Analysis of Universal Weather and Asian Pacific, Inc. SWOT analysis is an instrument that is often used to assess an organization and the environment. SWOT is an abbreviation for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. SWOT analysis is commonly used in business studies to explore the existing conditions in order to come up with possible solutions or strategies of addressing both internal and external challenges.
The main objective of SWOT analysis is to have firsthand experience of the problems facing the company and gain knowledge concerning probable developments and potentials.
Universal Weather and Aviation Company is one of the top providers of flight service and operates an extensive network of ground support facilities found across the globe. With over 5 decades of experience, widespread quality control systems for monitoring clients, and the global network, the company has been able to provide the best ground support services to its clients.
The company also has advanced software which is incorporated into the aircraft to facilitate communication between the pilot and the control room (Universal weather, 2013, p. 2). Universal Weather and Aviation Company also boast of their own software development.
With an Asia centric office, Universal Asia Pacific usually provides a higher level of technical and customer support for Asian clients. On the development of navigation software, Universal Asia Pacific can also act as an extension arm to gather the latest and complete flight path allowed and open by each Asia countries’ respective civil aviation regulatory boards (Universalsalvation, 2013, p. 1).
In addition, the company has a UV air Fuel Management System and devoted team of global based fuel experts to ensure that customers gain from the UVair card in handling ensuing fuel expenses.
The card is valid in over 4000 destinations across the globe and offers reasonable prices for the card holder. Additionally, the company has an operational headquarter in Singapore to take care of the needs of the Asia Pacific market (Universal weather, 2013, p. 2; Collier
The Role of Animality in Constructing Frederick Douglass’s Identity and the Issues of Liminality in best college essay help: best college essay help
During the era of slavery, the white slave owners living in the Southern states of the USA were inclined to discuss black slaves as the beings taking the transitional or liminal level of development between animals and humans.
However, in his work Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Frederick Douglass represents the contradictory vision of the issue, supporting the idea that the white slave owners acted as animals in relation to the black people in many cases because of being ruled by the natural instincts which were not associated with the principles of humanity.
From this point, Douglass provides the discussion of evidences to state that white slave owners can be discussed as more animalized humans than black slaves with references to the point that slave owners can also combine animal instincts with hypocrisy typical only for humans.
Thus, Douglass states that slaves in relation to their identity are more human than slave owners despite the idea that the black people are animalized in their nature because of their origin and race, and that slaves take the specific liminal stage between humans and animals; moreover, Douglass refers to his own experience, human attributes, spirituality, and intellectual qualities to support the argument.
The significant role of discourses on the issues of animality and liminality is emphasized by Douglass on the first pages of his narrative because the author describes the challenges of the constant thinking over this problem. Thus, Douglass states, “I have often wished myself a beast. I preferred the condition of the meanest reptile to my own. Any thing, no matter what, to get rid of thinking!
It was this everlasting thinking of my condition that tormented me” (Douglass 35). Douglass concentrates on the problem of being a slave and on the conditions associated with the slave owners’ perceptions of the blacks as animals because these conditions prevent the blacks from perceiving themselves as humans equal to the whites.
Douglass compares himself and his life conditions with the life of a beast not because of identifying himself as the inferior being, but because of opposing to the life of slaves discussed as animalized humans.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Douglass pays attention to the fact that the black slaves are perceived as brute animalized humans not because of their actions and rule of instincts. The white slave owners, who are in a lot of cases can be compared with a ‘snake’, are more animalized in their behaviors towards slaves (Douglass 53). The slave owners expect that the blacks can act as animals ruled by instincts while demonstrating violence and their brutal nature.
Although slaves can focus more on their instincts and not to use their intellectual abilities actively, they are not animalized. Being afraid of the blacks’ animal nature, the white slave owners demonstrate the absence of humanity in their actions and the use of physical violence, tortures, and the power of pain against slaves.
Douglass claims that slave owners “had much rather see us [slaves] engaged in … degrading sports, than to see us [slaves] behaving like intellectual, moral, and accountable beings” (Douglass 70).
From this point, the fear rules the white slave owners in their actions against the blacks. That is why, following Douglass’s narrative, it is possible to state that the ability of people to demonstrate brutality and the fact of being at the liminal stage does not depend on the race or status.
Referring to Douglass’s identity, it is possible to note that the author emphasizes his being at a rather high stage of the intellectual development as the argument to refuse the ideas of animality or liminality in relation to his personality. Thus, Douglass accentuates his “intellectual nature” and intentions to escape from slavery because of the “injustice of … enslavement” (Douglass 88).
This enslavement is the result of the white people’s unjust discussions of the problem of animality and the role of the blacks in the process.
Nevertheless, Douglass’s descriptions of the white slave owners’ attitudes to the blacks and his discussions of such personalities as Mr. Covey only support the controversial idea that the problem of liminality is characteristic more for the whites who lost their dignity and qualities as humans (Douglass 53).
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of Animality in Constructing Frederick Douglass’s Identity and the Issues of Liminality in “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave” by Frederick Douglass specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Following the evidences and facts presented in Frederick Douglass’s Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, the reader can state that people can degenerate because of experiencing the constant tortures, but the persons who realize these tortures are more inhumane in their nature.
If the animalized persons can be determined with references to their behaviors ruled by instincts and their violence, the concept of race is not the important factor to discuss the idea of animality.
From this perspective, brutal and impulsive white slave owners who rape and torture the blacks and who cannot control their instincts and desires can be discussed as more animalized in their nature in comparison with the black slaves because slaves have to demonstrate their violence only as the reaction to the experienced pressure.
Works Cited Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. USA: Wilder Publications, 2008. Print.
A Journey to the Disneyland: From Oswald to Cinderella. Walt Disney and His Personal Demons Analytical Essay a level english language essay help
Walter Disney and his life have always been a mystery even to the contemporaries, not to mention the researchers of the XXI century.
A creator, innovator, and genius, on the one hand, and a panic-stricken perfectionist, on the other hand, Disney had a number of issues, which were predisposed by the cringe inducting factors that Disney was exposed to throughout his entire life, which such theories as the Five-Factor Model of Personality, Intrapsychic Factors (Interpersonal Theory) and Neurobehavioral Dimensional Model may help define.
By taking a closer look at some of the peculiarities of the environment in which Disney lived at different stages of his life in, one can possibly define the source of the major disorders that Disney had, as well as spot the manifestations of these disorders in some of the works of the great animator.
As it has been stressed above, the research is going to be carried out with the help of such theories as the Neurobehavioral Dimensional Model, Intrapsychic Factors, which belong to the Interpersonal Theory realm, and to Five-Factor Model, which can be described as one of the subcategories of the Theory of Personality Disorder.
Granted that the theories listed above have been tested a number of times and are considered full-fledged basis for conducting significant researches nowadays, it is important to keep in mind that, according to Lenzenweger and Clarkin, first, a number of factors affecting the psychological development of an individual have not been defined, and, second, due to the unique reactions that an individual may display when coming into contact with certain factors (Lenzenweger
Apple Inc Decision Making Process Report essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Apple’s SWOT Analysis
Introduction Apple Computers was founded by Steve Wosniak and Steve Jobs in 1976. In 1996, the Company was transformed to Apple Inc. under Steve Jobs. Its products were highly sophisticated non-PC electronics. By 2010, it became a competitive mobile and PC devices vender.
In 2009, its PC market share was 8% in the United States. In 2010, Apple’s market share was $220 billion. Apple’s success is rooted over its constant innovation and wide marketing.
Its quality products, such as the computers and tablets, have enabled the company to expand fast, despite the stiff competition in the industry. Apple conducts thorough promotions under its slogans, such as “think different” and “the greenest lincups of notebooks”.
Apple has a wide target market. It includes education sector, home users, industrial and business sector, creative groups and young people. Apple has its stores all over the world trying to enhance customers’ accessibility in such a way.
Apple shops are staffed by skilled individuals who help customers get and enjoy Apple’s experience. Apple shops also provide their customers with opportunity to choose between different products and services (Janko, 2012).
Apple’s high innovativeness has made the company stand a stiff competition in the industry. It faces a lot of competitive pressure concerning its differentiated products. Some of the major competitors are shown in the table below.
Apple’s major competitors
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apple’s SWOT Analysis Like any other company, Apple has its own strengths and weaknesses. This paper analyses each and every capacity of the company to invest in decision making process.
Apple’s strengths are based on several factors. Innovativeness is Apple’s core strength. The company’s wide researches in technological field make it stand out from the other companies in the market as the pioneer in the industry.
Apple’s Mac, iPhone, iPad and iPod are produced with a lot of high technology innovation. Apple has also created a good brand name in the market. Apple brands are known and easily recognized across the world (Lashinsky, 2012).
Due to the strong brand image, ‘Apple culture’ has been created and promoted among loyal customers. The company is always involved in active research and implementation of new developments. Its researches are carried out by highly skilled workforce.
Apple offers its employees continuous education and constant organization improvement. Consequently, Apple stores across the world are aesthetically designed to appeal to the customers. Lastly, Steve Jobs was a genius, which made the company rise to such a height (Lashinsky, 2012).
Apple Inc. still enjoys a lot of opportunities in the field. The company has good relationship with most players. This allows joint ventures and sharing some ideas. Consequently, the company plays in gradually growing industry.
Mobile and PC industry is growing fast because there is an ever-rising demand for its products. Apple also has the capacity to meet the ever-changing demands in the market. Subsequently, Apple has a strong basis for expansion in Asia, Europe and Africa.
We will write a custom Report on Apple Inc Decision Making Process specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Apple production of energy is efficient because it is cloud based, moreover, its music products keep it a head among competitors in meeting customers’ demand (Schneiders, 2012).
On contrary, Apple has some weakness in its production. Apple TV and Mac Mini seriously suffered a blow in the market. The products sent a bad picture of Apple that is why the company lost many customers.
Compared to the competitors, the company’s products are highly priced, which lowers its competitive advantage. Consequently, The Apple has a small market share as compared to its competitors’ ones.
Finally, there are many risks facing the company, that’s why it should not rely too much on the innovative and management power of one person (Yukl, 2010).
Despite its tactics, Apple is threatened by high competitors in the market. Giant players like Nokia, Dell, Samsung, HP, Toshiba and Lenovo offer stiff competition in the industry. The company also suffers from high pricing against its competitors.
Consequently, Mobile and PC industry is very dynamic that calls for constant innovation. As result, cost of maintaining market demand is very high. Some of Apple products become less competitive in the market due to their incompatibility with Windows platform (Janko, 2012).
Apple has many stakeholders. Some of the stakeholders, such as shareholders and employees, operate directly within organization. Apple also has its manufactures and subsidiary companies with their subsequent employees.
It has the music industry, which enables it to develop music products. The company has various software developers who assist in its production.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Apple Inc Decision Making Process by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Apple Inc. attracts customers from all over the world. Other stakeholders include their lenders and suppliers. Apple enjoys good relationship with its stakeholders due to its well-structured operating system (Robbins
HRM Strategies Description Analytical Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Human resources managers are continuously encountering heightening challenges in managing people while working as HR practitioners in multinational or transnational companies in the wake of globalisation.
Srivastava and Agarwal (2012) assert that HR “managers are facing many changes in the present business scenario like globalisation workforce diversity, technological advances, and changes in political and legal environments coupled with the need to embrace information technology” (p.46).
These challenges exert immense pressure on the HR functions of seeking effective strategies of recruitment, training, developing, and retaining the most talented personnel within a global organisation characterised by tremendous workforce diversities.
This paper explores two main challenges encountered by HR managers operating in multinational or multi-transnational companies. These challenges are associated with globalisation coupled with challenges and opportunities of communication and information technology affecting HR functions.
Challenges of HR in of the age of globalisation Overview
From political and economic perspectives, globalisation refers to the markets, legal, and political denationalisation. It leads to the integration of financial systems coupled with trade markets.
Globalisation exposes HR to various challenges including the establishment of unfamiliar laws affecting HR functions, differing work ethics, attitudes, communication challenges due to language barriers, competition, and differing managerial styles in the quest to have people work effectively in a bid to attain the goals of a transnational or multinational organisation.
In the light of this realisation, Srivastava and Agarwal (2012) assert, “HR managers have a challenge in dealing with more functions, more heterogeneous functions, and more involvement in the employees’ personal life” (p.46).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Among the different challenges encountered by HR, while working in globalising transnational or multinational organisation, is integrating people from different cultural backgrounds, which presents the leadership challenge in global organisations’ HR functions.
Globalisation and management of workforce diversities
As organisations globalise, the HR department recruits, trains, and seeks to retain people from diverse cultural and ethical backgrounds.
Effective management of people from diverse cultural backgrounds calls for HR managers to put extra effort and look for strategies of mitigating cultural conflicts within a global organisation.
Dessler (2004) argues, “The importance of diversity management has been communicated by academics and professionals alike, citing the many benefits of having a heterogeneous organisation as opposed to a homogeneous organisation” (p.43).
A homogenous organisation is a non-diversified organisation while a heterogeneous is diversified organisation, which means that it employs people of varying backgrounds in terms of race, age, physical abilities, and geographical regions among other factors.
Inferring from this argument, a globalised or transnational organisation is an independent organisation.
Globalisation poses a significant challenge the HR, which is the challenge of effective management of diverse employees.
We will write a custom Essay on HRM Strategies Description specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Scholars note that a good management of workforce diversity should have the ability to improve workforce productivity, improve workforce engagement, and foster reduction of staff absenteeism coupled with a decrease of workforce turn over (Dessler 2004).
For instance, at Google Company, workforce diversity management is critical in the endeavour to increase the ability to address the various needs of more diverse Google customer base.
Particularly, Google gains from the valid viewpoints of its diverse workforce for such a workforce provides increased problem-solving capacities coupled with enhanced creativity levels, something that is critical for the success of the organisation in the future of the unknown changing business environment.
This aspect exemplifies the increasing challenges of HR to deploy diversity as a source of competitive advantage as opposed to a cause of organisational failure due to diversity conflicts.
A growing body of literature reveals that a direct correlation exists amongst employees, attendance, job performance, dedication, and perception of being valuable resources of an organisation.
According to Pope, “if management and team members fail to value women and minorities, company productivity will likely suffer as a consequence” (2004, p.63). This assertion infers that mismanagement of workforce diversity translates to affecting an organisation’s costs.
In this context, organisations that do not support diversity existing in their workplaces are likely to plunge into expensive lawsuits and out of court settlement cases, which are contributed mainly by poor management of various talent pools.
Additionally, globalised organisations are susceptible to costs linked to replacement of employees (Jayne
The Instructional Power of Game-Based Learning and Simulation in Education Essay (Article) best college essay help
Abstract Psychologists have often emphasised the need to incorporate games in school curriculum as a way of giving learners opportunity to develop in all aspects of the curriculum.
According to them, these games offer learners an avenue to release their mental tension resulting from rigorous academic engagement. Previous studies have also indicated that the learning process can be made more enjoyable to learners when games are incorporated in the learning process.
This dissertation examined the instructional power of game-based learning and simulation in education and sought to provide insight as to whether game-based learning would be an emphatic method that could be used for teaching and learning.
Many scholars have argued that game-based learning stirs up a sense of motivation on the side of learners regarding their learning process. Therefore, this study explored the distinct features of game-based learning which learners consider to be interesting / absorbing.
The findings of this study showed that the use of game-based learning as an instruction method is very effective in the teaching / learning process. It has the ability to relieve learners of their boredom since it is engaging and provokes learners’ interests.
Besides, its experimental nature allows learners to participate fully in the class work. This means that teachers need to design teaching content that incorporates games since the latter provide a practical learning approach which helps learners to memorise most of the content learnt.
The study also recommends that educators tasked with the design of the curriculum should give great emphasis on instructional methods that allow teachers to incorporate games into the teaching content.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Introduction With the increasing use of technology in the classroom, many educators are exploring the use of instructional methods that would enhance their teaching and students’ learning.
Educators acknowledge the fact that pedagogical practices need to embrace the learning opportunities available in the modern learning environment where learning tools such as computers, the internet, graphics, fantasy tools, and so on are available.
They also acknowledge that learners’ learning behavior has changed and therefore more learning materials have to be used in the learning process so as to boost their learning motivations and learning experiences.
Consequently, many educators have embraced game-based learning with the aim of motivating learners in their learning process. A number of games have been incorporated in a range of instructional approaches for educational purposes.
Psychologists argue that there is a positive relation between students’ learning and having fun (Glasser 1998). Fun is regarded as a fundamental determinant of human behaviour.
According to Glasser (1998), students are delighted in what their educators ask them to do since it allows them to have fun during the learning process. Game-based learning enables students to learn by practice; hence, they get engaged in the entire learning process.
Similarly, games reinforce learner motivation. The main reason why games are considered to be motivating is the fact that participants in the game are obliged to source for the relevant information that can enable them meet the challenges presented by the game (Chiong 2010).
We will write a custom Article on The Instructional Power of Game-Based Learning and Simulation in Education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, some brain researchers have noted that the inclusion of fun in the learning process boosts the memory ability of the students as the contents that they are taught stick for long in their memory (Strauss 2010).
Games are seen to complement the role of the teacher in the classroom; making learning fun and enjoyable. For example, video and computer games allow students to simulate situations such as experiments, scientific, and historical events for themselves.
Similarly, they motivate students, who otherwise are weak in some subject areas by allowing them to encounter ‘real problem’ and devising ways of how to solve it. Besides, the increased use of games in classrooms has contributed to students’ development in other aspects of their personal life.
Hence, skills such as patience, discipline, critical thinking skills, problem solving among others, are learned with the use of games.
The study therefore sought to determine the effectiveness of game-based learning in schools, its influence on students’ motivation, and other factors of motivation associated with game-based learning.
Methodology In order to achieve the objective of the study, the researcher adopted a mixed methodology by incorporating both qualitative and quantitative research methodology.
Quantitative methodology is relevant for categorising the observations or variables, examining the variables and generating statistical representations to analyze the observations. Qualitative approach on the other hand helps generate information that applies to the designated case study.
The researcher therefore sampled 450 students and teachers and sent them questionnaires to gather quantitative data.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Instructional Power of Game-Based Learning and Simulation in Education by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The questionnaire items comprised two major categories including the demographic part and the Likert-scale items and closed-ended items seeking to gather views of the respondents on the study topic.
The Likert-scale questionnaire contained 10 items and the other part also contained 5 closed ended items.
237 respondents (52.6%) of the expected 450 respondents completed the questionnaires. Female respondents were 142 and male respondents were 95. Many respondents were from the age group 40-49 years (43%, n=101).
This was followed by respondents in the age group 30-39 years (24%, n=57). The third largest age group was 50-59 years which had 55 respondents (23%).
The age group under 30 years had the lowest number of respondents (10%, n=24). These results were analysed using SPSS and correlation analysis.
At the same time, the researcher sampled 20 students who were engaged in 13 weeks of game-based learning. Each game-based lesson lasted 30 minutes. At the end of the intervention period, the researcher engaged the participants in an interview.
The interview questions sought to answer the questions ‘why?’, ‘how?’, and ‘what?’ as regards the subject of the research.
Results Survey results
Respondents were issued with questionnaires in order to give their responses regarding the instructional power of game-based learning and simulations in education.
The results showed that the mean for the effectiveness of game-based learning was 113.20, with a standard deviation of 14.30. From this computation, it can be deduced that many students and teachers believed that game-based learning is incredibly effective.
This is indicated by the high value of the standard deviation. The mean and standard deviation for the other relationships:
the influence of game-based learning on motivation;
the impacts of game-based learning on students’ learning;
other motivating factors connected to game-based learning and instructional power, are also shown in table 3.1 below.
Table 3.1 Summary of descriptive statistics
Study question Mean Standard deviation Effectiveness of game-based learning 113.20 14.30 Influence of game-based learning on motivation 102.12 11.30 Impacts of game-based learning on students’ learning 103.10 10.80 Other motivating factors connected to game- based learning and instructional power 127.20 15.30 Inferential statistics were also calculated and the results showed
strong correlations between the influence of game-based learning on motivation and instructional power (r = 0.598, p < 0.01),
other motivating factors connected to game-based learning and instructional power (r = 0.585, p < 0.01),
effectiveness of game-based learning and its instructional power (r = 0.386, p < 0.01),
between impacts of game-based learning and instructional power (r = 0.268, p < 0.05).
Table 3.2 Summary of the inferential statistics
Study question Pearson Correlation Sig (2-tailed) Effectiveness of game-based learning 0.273 0.044* Influence of game-based learning on motivation 0.598 0.000** Impacts of game-based learning on students’ learning 0.268 0.042* Other motivating factors connected to game- based learning and instructional power 0.585 0.000** Note:
*= p<0.05, **= p < 0.01
The results of the interview also provided some valuable insights.
First, a large majority (n=16) of the students who were interviewed responded that they really enjoyed their learning when it was game-based.
The students liked the idea of sourcing information on their own as well as corresponding to their peers as they engaged in problem solving situations.
However, the remaining four students responded that their learning motivation did not change even with the introduction of game-based learning. They were mainly motivated by the need to attain excellent grades.
Two, it was noted that game-based learning was quite engaging especially with respects to aspects of team work, competition between teams, and the feedback received from the instructor.
Game-based learning provided an enjoyable ambience to them as it promoted strong social connection among the students.
Three, the use of game-based learning helped the students to gain interest in their learning as it enabled them to search for information by themselves instead of relying mainly on the notes provided by the teachers in the classroom.
Besides, it allowed them to actively participate during the learning process. Fourth, factors such as the aims, desires, and goals of the students were found to be the other motivating factors for the students to work hard in their class work.
Discussion Psychologists emphasise the integration of games in the school curriculum as a way of helping students develop in all their faculties. Besides, games provide students with an avenue to release their mental tension resulting from rigorous academic engagement.
The research has shown that the learning process can be made more enjoyable by using games as part of the learning activities. They also add value to learning as they encourages conceptualising imagined phenomenon to real life experiences.
In addition, when effectively used, games can facilitate learning because they enable students to learn important life skills such as problem solving skills, patience, critical thinking skills and discipline among others.
As opposed to traditional learning methods which mainly involve lecture, game-based learning reinforces learning motivation.
The main reason why games are considered to be motivating is the fact that the participants in the game get the opportunity to source for relevant information that can enable them to meet the challenges presented by the game.
Traditional learning method is very much different from game-based learning due to the fact that students do not have to think or be creative as they are given the necessary figures or facts to comprehend the essential ones.
In the future, researchers should look into the various aspects of game-based learning that offer motivation to the students. In addition, the researchers need to come up with the various measures of learning gains as well as the degrees of learning.
Reference List Chiong, R 2010, Programming with games: special issue on game-based learning. Learning Technology Publication of IEEE Computer Society, 12(1). Web.
Glasser, W 1998, Choice theory: a new psychology of personal freedom, Harper Collins Publishers, New York.
Strauss, V 2010, ‘TV, games, iPods vs. school’, Washington Post, 21 January, p. 10.
Dichotomy of the Body and Mind Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The dichotomy of the mind is a concept of dualism. The mind exists as a separate entity from the body, thus both can work separately. The mind and body have different effects on each other.
Thus, one tries to gain control over the other. The stronger one eventually overpowers the weaker one and gains control. Both the mind and body are a danger to each other. Despite this, the mind is considered to be positive, while the body is considered to be negative in nature.
Similarities The strength of the two is dependent on which one is stronger. In that case, one overpowers the other. Wong is characterized by dualism. This is the same case with Mr. Yee. Thus, both have two personalities that interact with each other at the same time.
The first mutually exclusive character within Wong is comprised of her spying personality. This is the personality that is able to interact with Mr. Yee’s personality. In Mong’s case, the mind is the privileged aspect of her. It takes precedence of her activities and determines what she does.
Her inferior character is her physical self. Thus, the mind is in control of her physical self. It is the mind that has determined the activities that she is doing. On the other hand, her body represents her physical aspect. It is the negative part that the mind has been able to overcome.
Despite the dangers, Wang has established herself as a spy. It takes many years for her to be trusted by Mr. Yee and be considered as his mistress. Thus, the mind ensured her safety as it controlled the body. The body will be a danger to Wong if it is allowed to gain control over her.
Thus, the mind has been able to sustain her in a dangerous position for a long time and maintained her secret identity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mr. Yee is controlled by his physical aspect during his interactions with Wong. It is the dangerous part because it can lead to his assassination. The assassination attempt involves riddance of the physical aspect of Mr. Yee.
It is seen as an effective method as the collaborator will no longer be able to conduct the wishes of his mind. Thus, Wong’s mind has been able to control both her physical aspect and Mr. Yee’s physical aspect.
Thus, the actor and spy have been able to be defined by dualism. There is a dichotomy of the mind because it is able to control both characters
There also exists a similarity at the end when both characters are able to switch their body and mind, a process that can be termed as refiguring. Both characters change the basic aspects of the body so that control is determined by either the body or the mind.
In the actor’s case, her body was able to take control of her mind. This led her to make rush decisions, thus becoming more exposed to dangerous circumstances. It is for this reason that led to the death of her comrades and loss of her life. Thus, the body is a danger to the mind.
It is the mind that ensures control of the body, thus the mind is able to survive within the body. In some cases, the body begins or tries to regain control, leading to dangers and harm to the body.
Women’s bodies are considered as their weakness. Their bodies will easily take over control of their minds, thus their negative part will have power. In Mr. Yee’s case, his mind was able to take precedence over his body later on.
We will write a custom Essay on Dichotomy of the Body and Mind specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is where he was able to realize that there was an assassination plot against him. Grosz has been able to detail that when a comparison is done between the body and mind, it is the mind that will easily win.
The mind has control over nature, and the ability to reason makes it the primary between the mind and the body.
Differences The spy and the actor have various differences that can be seen because the final occurrence defines whether the body or mind is stronger in both characters. Initially, it can be seen that Wong’s mind is stronger, but the body is able to become stronger.
In comparison, Mr. Yee’s body had precedence over the mind during the beginning of the film. It was later that refiguring occurred. Thereafter, Mr. Yee’s mind overcame his body and he was able to recognize the dangers surrounding it.
Wong’s faults begin when she goes into the domain of sexuality. Thus, the principles guiding her mind receded and she was faced with ambiguity. This realization does not happen in an instant; instead, it arises from a feedback loop occurring between perception and actions.
Personal body actions result from perception and the environmental attributes that occur encourage more actions. Constant sexual encounters within the film result in better understanding of the environment and how the characters are influenced.
Wong fails to remember more details of her initial mission due to the duration of her assignment. She is attracted to Mr. Yee and is tired of her initial task. Thus, she has grown tired of her deceptive ways as the body begins to overcome her mind.
Wong once lived in Shanghai where access to basic needs was difficult. Thereafter, she was able to enjoy a better lifestyle once she moved to Hong Kong. She is wealthy, a consequence of her interactions with Mr. Yee.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Dichotomy of the Body and Mind by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More She has been in her fake position for many years and it has become a ritual to her. Thus, cognition becomes available through these interactions. Reasoning it is not achieved through thought, but through how the environment has influenced the person.
Wong does not think about her past in order to inform her current decisions. Thus, she is not able to play the original duties expected of her. Wong’s changed reasoning results in the application of a modified response. She adapts into her new environment, leading to her demise.
In the scenario above, the mind and body can be related to the human and environment. Thus, Wong is a human who takes over her environment. She is able to control it, but refiguring occurs after a period of time within the environment.
She was controlled by her environment and her decisions were determined by her environment. There are various factors that can result in reconfiguring. According to Grosz, the body is influenced by such factors. In the film, Wong was influenced by sexual desires.
The body acts like a system of meaning and it derives its importance from the environment. Thus, meaning is only achieved through the actions of the body.
Conclusion In conclusion, the general aspects of lust and caution within the movie can be compared to the mind and the body. Caution results from the mind, while lust results from the body.
The body is considered as a negative aspect amongst the two and leads to dangers. In “Lust, Caution”, the spy’s body had greater control over her than the mind, leading to her execution.
The development in Abu Dhabi and Dubai Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Issues and Concerns
Research Ideas and Aims
Introduction Historically, the UAE used to have a variety of issues concerning housing projects. Othman (2008) stresses that numerous projects were unsustainable and inefficient. At present, the governments of Abu Dhabi and Dubai have announced that a number of initiatives will commence (Sheikh Zayed housing programme 2013).
For instance, the government is committed to provide each Emirati family with a proper house (Emirati housing programmes 2013). Eligible Emirati citizens will be able to get more than Dh3bn in loans (Malek 2013). It is also necessary to note that the construction will be held in terms of social, cultural and environmental sustainability (Cityscape Abu Dhabi 2013).
Admittedly, this is a positive initiative that will lead to development and sustainability in the society. For instance, a member of the FNC (Federal National Council), Dr Qubaisi claimed that the housing programme could provide “the society and people of the UAE and Abu Dhabi with stability” (Malek 2013).
It is also necessary to add that such projects as artificial islands reveal the existing trend, i.e. the desire to astonish and attract people. Of course, Emirati people welcome the new initiatives. However, there are certain concerns.
Issues and Concerns For instance, Dubai and Abu Dhabi have been changed considerably. The two emirates have become more modern and efficient. For instance, the city of Masdar can be regarded as an illustration of the government’s commitment. The city is the first carbon-free urban area and it is an example of sustainable development (Stilwell
Water Quality Exploratory Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Coagulation and Flocculation
Coagulation and Flocculation These are the initial procedures during treatment of water. Chemical substances possessing a positive charge are added to water in this compartment. The positive charge neutralizes the negative charge from dirt leading to the formation of huge fragments known as floc.
Sedimentation Floc is heavier than other particles present in water. Therefore, this process allows floc to remain at the base of the tank.
Filtration After the sedimentation process, the transparent water at the top of the tank moves across filters consisting of assorted components such as sand, charcoal or gravel. These components have different pore sizes that facilitate the removal of dissolved particles such as dust, microorganisms, and chemicals.
Disinfection Disinfectants such as chlorine are then added to the filtered water in the disinfection compartment to eliminate any remaining contaminant. The chemicals also safeguard the water from germs during storage and transportation to homes.
Storage Clean water is then stored in reservoir tanks from where it is piped to consumers.
In the U.S.A., chlorine is generally preferred as a disinfectant over ozone because it has a residual. The presence of a residual is important because it shows that water contains an adequate quantity of chlorine to kill all microorganisms. It also provides defense against recontamination in the course of storage.
The existence of free residual in treated water is associated with the absence of harmful microorganisms. Consequently, it is an important factor that gauges the potability of water.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In recent years, ozone has been replacing chlorine as the primary disinfectant in the U.S.A. One key advantage of using ozone to treat water is that there are few byproducts released into the water from the process. The release of many byproducts into treated water usually puts such water at risk. During chlorination of water, additional steps are usually required to get rid of these byproducts.
However, ozone treatment of water evades these additional procedures. One other benefit of ozone water purification is that there are no added chemicals that interfere with the natural taste of water. Therefore, the resultant water does not have the characteristic taste of chlorine.
However, ozone treatment of water also has disadvantages. It is thought that this procedure releases little quantities of bromate, which is thought to be a carcinogen. In addition, ozone treatment does not offer any residual effect. Therefore, any harmful organism that endures the oxidation procedure evades the entire treatment process.
Water Quality cheap essay help: cheap essay help
This reflective report analyses New York City’s drinking water quality and the treatment process. The paper identifies the contaminants in New York City water and analyzes these contaminants through a broad spectrum approach.
The New York City Water Report The fluoride contaminant violated the maximum requirement level in the New York drinking water. The fluoride content of 2.2 mg/L in this water is almost double the concentration level of 1.0mg/L as situated by the New York City Health Code.
The calcium contaminant was very close to violating the maximum contaminant levels in the New York City drinking water. The concentration of calcium contaminant was recorded at 5.3 mg/L against an average of between 4.4 and 6.7 mg/L.
Contaminant detected: Nitrate
Name of the Contaminant MCL Physical properties Sources of contamination Health effects Treatment methods Nitrate 0.12mg/L Molecular formula is NO3−. The weight is 62.0049 g/molecule. It is soluble in water. Overspill from used fertilizer. Leakage from water treatment tanks. Sewage runoff. Natural erosion from deposits. Toxicosis: may lead to methemoglobinemia (blue baby) condition characterized by lack of enough oxygen in the vital body organs. May lead to death of animals when the concentration in drinking water over 70%. Oxidation of excess nitrate is necessary in water treatment. The oxidizing agent that can be used is the ozone. The ozone will oxidize all the nitrites in into the less toxic nitrates. Water Treatment Plant Configuration Water in its natural source is often subject to fecal contamination, primarily derived from processes of decomposition of organic nitrogenous material present in water.
While ammonia (ammonium) and nitrites indicate an organic contamination, there are several harmless contaminants present in water such iron and calcium among others. The diagram below represents a typical water treatment plant summarizing the processes involved in water treatment.
Schematic water treatment diagram
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Steps involved in the water treatment Step 1: Screening
The raw water is passed through a sieving screen to eliminate relatively large pieces of foreign material such as rocks, leaves, and sticks. At this stage, Potassium permanganate chemical may be used when the raw water has traces of algal bloom.
Step 2: Coagulation
This involves passing the raw water into a coagulation tank where visible particles that remained after the screening stage are separated and channeled to an ejection tank for farm use.
Step 3: Sedimentation
The water is then moved to a special tank that is designed to allow for any remaining particle in the water to patch up at the base of the sediment tank.
Step 4: Filtration
The dual media in the filtration tank consisting of anthracite and sand ensures that all the visible pollutants are eliminated.
Step 5: Disinfection
Regulated amount of chlorine is passed into the water to inactivate any pathogens that might have passed through the previous steps. At this stage, controlled quantity of fluoride ingredient is added to the disinfected water to reduce incidences of tooth discoloration and decay upon use of this water.
Step 6: Storage and distribution
The fully treated water is then channel to storage tanks for a while before being distributed to the final user.
Conclusion Water treatment is carried out by using special purification equipments that measured the 4 parameters of contamination (nitrates, phosphates, chlorides and sulfur). However, the concentration of each parameter detected varies due to the conditions and flow of water from its source. There are significant differences between the parameters, pH, temperature and dissolved oxygen in different water sources.
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Solving ethical dilemmas in public relations Research Paper best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Ethical dilemmas in public relations: case study
Possible solutions for case study
Introduction The profession of public relations involves the control and dissemination of information in a corporate setting. It also involves control of information to the public from individuals or a company. The main objective behind this profession is to ensure that the public maintains a certain image of an individual or company’s products, governance, or policies through persuasion (Smith 62).
However, during the process of persuasion, it is important for professional communicators in the public relations field to maintain some level of ethics to prevent tarnishing the very image they hope to create through the dissemination of certain information to the public. Ethics are rules that comprise notions on individuals, corporate morality, and best practices, which are usually dependent on societal views (Seitel 88).
Although most laws do not govern business ethics directly, they provide for the creation of codes of conduct specific to a company or an individual with which the corporate relationship should comply. Ratification of codes of conduct enables a party to have justifiable cause to seek legal redress in case there is a breach of the code of conduct by the involved parties.
Ethical dilemmas in public relations: case study In the case study, the main problem arises from the client’s deceit concerning the independent nature of the scientist testing the products in a bid to ensure a favorable public image of the products to the distributor’s stakeholders. Although the problem is clear, some dilemmas rise in how to deal with the issue appropriately in a bid to obtain the best solution for all parties involved.
Patricia J. Parson, in her book, Ethics in Public Relations: A Guide to Best Practice, identifies the issue of morality as one of the reasons such dilemmas occur.
In chapter two of the book, Parson analyzes the concept of truth and the role it plays in the decision-making process (15). She explains that in order for a public relations communicator or firm to maintain integrity, the communicator should develop the habit of telling the truth starting from an individual level.
Article 1 of the International Association of Business Communicators (IABC) reinforces this concept by stating, “Professional communicators should uphold the credibility and dignity of their profession by practicing honest, candid and timely communication and by fostering the free flow of essential information in accord with public interest” (IABC Para. 4).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Article 12 further states, “Professional communicators are honest not only with others but also, and most importantly, with themselves as individuals; for a professional communicator speaks the truth first to the self” (IABC Para. 6). Although the concept is straight forward, establishing what truth is often leads to a dilemma, as truth is a subjective concept dependent on individuals and circumstances.
Truth also changes when factors such as additional information come into play. For instance, in the case study, the PR firm conducted the press conference according to the information that the distributor gave and this aspect formed the truth at the time.
However, circumstances changed when the firm received additional information indicating that the alleged independent scientist was actually an employee for the distributor working under its manufacturing section. In addressing the issue, the firm should investigate the matter and establish all the facts before making a determination on the truth.
Various possibilities arise including the fact that the alleged scientist may actually be an independent scientist hired by the distributor for a specific period or he may not even be a scientist, but just a mere employee at the company.
Another dilemma that Parson identifies is the conflict between personal perceptions of morality and corporate perceptions codified in codes of conduct. The different levels of morality exist amongst different individuals depending on their social background, prevailing circumstances, and their interpretations of the codes of conduct.
Utilitarianism is one of the theories that individuals apply in their interpretation of actions that comply with the concept of morality. Parson refers to utilitarianism as the “Robin hood ethic” (44). In essence, the theory suggests that moral behavior constitutes acts that result in the greater happiness for the largest number.
John Stuart Mill, the main proponent of the theory, states that individuals should do what results in the greatest happiness and the least pain for people living in a community (Mill 31). For instance, if a person decides to burn his or her own house, the act is moral if it does not harm the rest of the people neighboring the house.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Solving ethical dilemmas in public relations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is noteworthy that the theory bases its premise on the outcome of an act instead of the intention. Therefore, application of the theory to the case study involves an evaluation of the outcome rather than the intention of the action available to remedy the situation. According to the theory, the firm should choose a course of action that results in the greatest happiness for everyone involved, including the public, the firm, and the client.
For instance, the favorable results on the products might be authentic even though the distributors lied on the independent nature of the scientist. In addition, Code 4 of the Canadian Public Relations Society (CPRS) states, “a member shall deal fairly with past and present clients, fellow practitioners and members of other professions (CPRS Para.4). Therefore, it is imperative that the firm seeks redress that is fair to the distributor regardless of its deceit.
Parson (67) also mentions the theory of moral relativism and explains the dilemma it creates for individuals who subscribe to the theory in consideration to rules. Article 5 of the IABC holds, “Professional communicators should refrain from taking any undertaking which the communicator considers to be unethical” (IABC Para.4).
While rules make it easy for some people to make decisions, they create dilemmas for others, especially in relation to morality. Parson states, “The trouble with rules is their specificity to situations and people’s relative views on which circumstances certain rules should apply” (38).
The theory of moral relativism, as proponents such as William Sumner explain, suggests that there is no universal right or wrong as such concepts depend on individual circumstances and factors such as culture (Lukes 32).
For instance, some cultures take legalizing prostitution as a moral act, while others view the same as immoral. In the same way, some individuals in the firm may view the distributor’s actions as moral, thus negating the need for any further action.
Parson refers to the act of withholding bits of information in order to create a favorable outcome as a ‘spin’ and she adds that the morality and subsequent legality of ‘spinning’ information is relative to individual perceptions (Parson 163). Others may view the situation as immoral, thus leading to a need for remedial action through the application of the codes of conduct.
For instance, a person who chooses to view the entire scene from the point of view of the distributor and its need to increase sales through the legal use of a PR firm may view the company’s need to retain information on the independence of the scientist as moral.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Solving ethical dilemmas in public relations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, a person who chooses to focus on the introduction of new information concerning the alleged scientist and its effect on the firm may regard the same situation as immoral.
Application of a code of conduct is voluntary. Oliver (56) suggests that individuals should seek objectivity by exploring all available factors and looking at the entire situation as opposed to specific scenes when forming a decision coupled with seeking advice from independent sources with no stake in the matter.
Thirdly, determination of codes of conduct that apply to specific situations may result in dilemmas, especially when a PR practitioner subscribes to different codes. Cohen (138) points out that sometimes, ethical dilemmas develop out of technicalities in situations.
For instance, if the practitioner subscribes to the IABC rules and a client to the CPRS rules, sometimes provisions in the rules create a conflict that presents difficulties in resolving, especially if the two parties have conflicting views on the ethicality of a situation.
For instance, in the case study, if the firm and the client turn out to have conflicting views on the morality of withholding information or the course of action appropriate to the situation, they may need to seek legal assistance to resolve the stalemate.
However, the move would require an analysis of the relevant code of conduct. In case both parties happen to use different codes of conduct, it would be necessary to find a way of establishing which one applies, usually by choosing the one that best favors either sides or the application of an international code of conduct neutral to both sides.
The same dilemma may also occur if the firm subscribes to more than one code of conduct. Choosing the appropriate code may require the application of the one that is most favorable to the client.
Parson (120) suggests an analysis of each case on an individual basis when making decisions as each case thrives on different merits, involves different individuals, and different circumstances. Although cases regarding ethics sometimes bear certain similarities, some details in the cases vary and in the same case, circumstances differ, often requiring a change in approach.
For instance, in the case study, the PR firm finds out about the client omitting information, which may have a significant impact on the public’s view of the distributor’s products. Under similar circumstances, had the firm discovered the information before the press conference, it would have taken a different approach.
Even with cases bearing identical facts, a PR practitioner should look at the entire situation, including external circumstances such as the political atmosphere. Trevino and Nelson (104) suggest that weighing the costs and benefits of disseminating information to the public assist practitioners in making objective decisions in chaotic situations.
For instance, while revealing the truth about the scientist may clear the firm from future blame in case the products exhibit harmful effects on the population, the same information may cause panic to members of the public, especially considering the sensitivity of drug-related issues attracts.
It may also cause a rise in fraudulent claims against the distributor, thus ruining the reputation of the company and future business opportunities for the PR firm.
Possible solutions for case study The appropriate solution for the case study depends on several elements, including the PR firm’s objectives and priorities. Proper consideration of the outcome of every possible option is dire. One of the firm’s possible solutions is to hold another press conference and correct the era. The firm would need to do it in a sensitive way that does not attack the client, viz. the drug distribution company, for omission of information.
The main reason behind this decision is compliance with codes of conduct such as Article 2 of the IABC, which urges professional communicators to, “disseminate accurate information and promptly correct any erroneous communication for which they may be responsible” (IABC Para. 3).
Further, Article 6 of the same Act calls for professional communicators to “obey laws and public policies governing their professional activities and, should any law or public policy be violated, [they] should act promptly to correct the situation” (IABC Para. 4).
In addition, Code 5 of the CPRS states, “members shall be prepared to disclose the names of their employers or clients, on whose behalf public communication is made. Members shall not associate themselves with anyone claiming to represent one interest or professing to be independent or unbiased, but who actually serves another or an undisclosed interest” (CPRS Para.5).
In the case study, the distributor presented the scientist to the public, through the press conference, as an independent scientist with full knowledge that he was not what he claimed. It is the firm’s duty to present the truth to the public as a matter of public interest in order to ensure that the public makes an informed decision.
Presenting the truth to the public would also exonerate the PR firm from blame and a possible ruin of its reputation in the instance that the drugs present harmful effects on uses in the future.
The second possible solution involves the use of another form of media announcement other than a press conference by the firm. The benefit of this move is that it allows the firm to present the truth in an appropriate manner that does not result in an attack on its efficiency in carrying out its responsibility.
Some of the questions that may arise in a press conference situation involve matters of due diligence, which require the firm to investigate the truth of information before sharing the same with the public. Preparing a well-thought announcement would allow the firm to explain its viewpoint without distortion of information famous with press conferences.
Thirdly, the firm may choose to settle the matter with the client and request its management to make the announcement to the public as a damage control measure that allows the client to defend its credibility. Although presenting the information may result in an attack on some of the drug company’s policies, it also gives the company the opportunity to explain its position to the public.
In addition, this option exonerates the PR Company from blame and situations that cause dilemmas in deciding which information is appropriate for the public to know.
Lastly, the firm may choose to institute legal proceedings against the client for misrepresentation. However, this decision should be the last resort as court cases sometimes drag on for years, thus costing the client and the firm valuable time and money. It may also cause negative or dark PR for the firm.
Conclusion Choosing a decision depends on various elements and sometimes it results in dilemmas that make decision-making strenuous. However, it is advisable for PR practitioners to look at situations in their entirety when forming decisions and make decisions that appear most favorable for all parties without compromising the practitioner’s credibility, dignity, and goals for the firm.
Works Cited Cohen, Martin. 101 Ethical Dilemmas, New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.
CPRS: Code of Ethics 2013. Web.
IABC: IABC Code of Ethics for Professional Communicators 2013. Web.
Lukes, Steven. Moral Relativism (Big Ideas/ Small Books), London: Picador Publisher, 2008. Print.
Mill, John. Utilitarianism, New York: Dover Publications Inc., 2007. Print.
Oliver, Sandra. Public Relations Strategy, London: Kogan Page, 2009. Print.
Parson, Patricia. Ethics in Public Relations: A Guide to Best Practice, London: Kogan Page, 2004. Print.
Seitel, Fraser. The Practice of Public Relations, Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print.
Smith, Ronald. Strategic Planning for Public Relations, New York, Routledge, 2009. Print.
Trevino, Linda, and Katherine Nelson. Managing Business Ethics: Straight talk on how to do it right, Hoboken: Wiley, 2011. Print.
The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present written by Shelton Woods Critical Essay writing essay help
The history of Vietnam is one of the most controversial subjects for historians and researchers interested in the Asian Studies because of a lot of associated political and social events, religious and cultural aspects which are interdependent.
The historians’ task is to provide a comprehensive narrative about the history of the country in order to reflect and discuss all the historical events which are characteristic for the development of Vietnam during the centuries.
The book The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present written by Shelton Woods is an attempt to represent the prolonged history of the nation in a concise edition where the Vietnamese history is discussed not only from the perspective of the country’s political and social development but also from the point of Viet Nam’s cultural and religious progress which influenced the Vietnamese people’s vision of the nation’s identity significantly.
Thus, the main issues which are examined by Woods in the book are the particular features of the Vietnamese people’s identity, the role of the nation’s character in the country’s economic and political progress, and the impact of the colonial rule on the identity with references to the current development of the country as the reflection of the Viet Nam’s history.
The book The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present can contribute significantly to the readers’ knowledge in relation to the history of the country because Woods describes the historical events from his point and relying on the social and religious contexts while explaining the causes and consequences of certain events.
The book is useful to provide the audience with the opportunity to evaluate the historical events through the lens of the country’s cultural and religious progress and with references to the Vietnamese people as the critical point to understand the history of the country (Woods 23-24).
Many political situations and discussed economic events are presented as the background for describing the unique nation and the role of the Vietnamese identity informing the country’s rule.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, Woods operates specific theoretical and topical approaches to represent the history of Viet Nam. Woods discusses all the main political, military, and social events associated with the history of the country while demonstrating the Vietnamese people’s reaction to the circumstances and their role for the development of this or that scenario.
From this point, Woods is inclined to discuss the prolonged history of the country which is divided by the author into significant periods with references to the critical social, cultural, and religious structures which influenced the country’s progress.
In spite of the fact that the author uses the traditional chronological method to organize the narrative about history of Viet Nam, the history of the country should be discussed as the history of the nation because the theoretical approach of Woods is based on using one aspect such as the Vietnamese people’s identity to analyze all the historical events.
To provide the complex picture of the country’s historical progress and the analysis of the presented events, the author uses a range of empirical and theoretical concepts which are necessary to represent the history of Viet Nam with the required details.
Thus, the main concepts are ‘identity’ as the complex of specific cultural, ethnic, and religious attributes and qualities which can be used to differentiate the Vietnamese people among the other nations; ‘social patterns’ as the set of rules or specific behaviours used predominantly within the Vietnamese society as the reaction to definite situations and events caused by the Vietnamese people’s cultural peculiarities and features; ‘domination’ as the statement of the other countries’ power over Viet Nam as a result of the wars and other military and political conflicts; and ‘colonial rule’ as the characteristic for the periods when Viet Nam was dominated by such countries as Japan and France because of impossibility to oppose the imperialist states’ forces (Woods 20-38).
Woods develops the argument that in spite of the prolonged periods of the other countries’ domination in Viet Nam, the Vietnamese’s people preserved the particular features characteristic for their identity and did not change the approaches to the social, cultural, and religious aspects of the life. Thus, the main changes were associated only with the political, military, and economic spheres of the country’s growth.
The book describes the history of Viet Nam in the chronological order, and the author divides the story into nine chapters while providing the country’s history from the legendary and ancient times to the modern history in about one hundred pages. From this point, the narrative is rather concise, and it is focused only on the key points which are essential to understand the nation’s development from the Prehistory to the modern times.
We will write a custom Book Review on The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present written by Shelton Woods specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The first section of the book provides the fascinating Prehistory of Viet Nam to state the origin of the nation. The early outside influences are discussed in the second chapter (Woods 5-24). However, the author pays more attention to describing the Viet Nam’s independent dynasties, which are associated with the period of stating the nation’s identity and principles of its development.
The impacts of Colonialism and Imperialism for Viet Nam are discussed in the next chapters with references to the role of the colonial rule for the Vietnamese society. The author states that the colonial government could not contribute to replacing the people’s visions and morals with the new Western patterns because of the string traditions.
Woods also claims that the two Viet Nam wars influenced the development of the nation significantly because of accentuating the central values for the country.
The next chapters present the details of the historical development in the twentieth century, and the author focuses on such important aspects as the attempts to regulate the military conflicts in the country and the role of the population in the process, the role of the Vietnamese women in the society in relation to providing education and job opportunities, and the contemporary progress of the Vietnam’s economy in relation to the impact on the community and people’s status (Woods 58).
While summarizing the content of the book’s chapters, it is possible to note that the narrative of Woods is rather logical and detailed to support the author’s central claim and demonstrate the historical development of the country from the point of the nation’s cultural and social progress.
Woods builds his argument with references to the evidences found in a lot of historical documents and primary sources used for writing the book. The author examined and analyzed a range of the historical documents, statistics, and data along with the historical researches on the book’s main topics in order to provide the detailed discussion of the Vietnamese people’s history.
It is possible to state that the argument claimed by the author along with the supportive evidence is somewhat credible and convincing because it is the result of analyzing a lot of materials on the issues presented in the book.
Moreover, the author’s vision of the main events in the history of the country is convincing because it is based on examining the issues with references to the Vietnamese people’s identity as the key concept to discuss the progress of the country.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present written by Shelton Woods by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Although the text of the narrative lacks many details to describe thoroughly this or that point mentioned in the book, the story is somewhat practical to explain and develop the argument because the author is focused on the chosen approach, and this method helps the readers in following the main ideas of the book.
Following the facts mentioned above, it is necessary to determine the strengths and limitations in relation to The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present written by Shelton Woods. Thus, the strong feature of the book is the concrete and limited context in which the history of the whole country is discussed.
Thus, to present the whole history of Viet Nam, the limit of one hundred pages is not enough, but Woods focuses on the main events and significant points in the history of the country in order to analyze them with references to the concept of the Vietnamese nation, the identity of the Vietnamese people, and specifics of the society’s development.
That is why the weaknesses of the book are in attempts to represent the history of the country developed during the centuries in short chapters given as summaries. However, the book can be interesting and useful for the audience because of its concise format when it is necessary to make some glimpses in the history of Viet Nam and its nation.
Works Cited Woods, Shelton. The Story of Viet Nam: From Prehistory to the Present. Ann Arbor, MI: Association for Asian Studies, 2013. Print.
The Migration of the Jews: Problems, Significance and Benefits Proposal writing essay help: writing essay help
Introduction Massive persecution of the Jews in the 19th century marked the genesis of the Middle East conflicts. Since the persecution became a world issue, world leaders agreed to establish a Jewish state in the Middle East. Tabarani argues that, since the British Empire had a mandate over Palestine from 1920 to 1947, it was convenient to impose the Jewish people on the Palestinians who had peace and tranquility for several years (42).
Hence, the central argument of the proposal is that the migration of the Jews contributed to the instability in the Middle East between. As a preview of the main points, the proposal will examine the problem, significance of the study, research plan, limitations, benefits, and eventually provide a conclusion.
The Body Problem Statement
Western countries, particularly the Britain and Germany, created the instabilities in the Middle East just after colonialism. According to Tabarani, while Germany through Ottoman Empire supported the creation of new states such as Palestine, the British foreign minister, Lord Balfour, supported the creation of the Jewish state through the Balfour Declaration (43).
On this basis, colonial legacies, increased poverty, conflicts over resources, and the imposition of Jews on the Arabs are the major causes of conflicts in the Middle East.
Many historians and scholars of international relations confirm that the conflicts in the region are associated with resource allocation and division of the Arab land. In this view, the major objective of the paper is to prove through research that problems, which humans experience in the Middle East, require leaders to resolve because they are the cause.
Rationale and Significance
The paper presents some of the causes of conflicts in the Middle East that have continuously affected the performance of states in the region. The study is very important as it sheds some light on one of the global problems that is associated with terrorism.
Although many people believe that terrorism is part of the Islamic ideals, the reality is that “the frustrations compel Palestinians to engage in acts of extremism and suicide bombing” in the Middle East (Penslar 21). Therefore, the study presents a new perspective of understanding conflict system in the Middle East.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research Plan
In the research plan, the study will employ the reasoning of Toulmin, which respects the views of all people. Based on the reasoning, the study will explain the underlying assumptions that define general argument of conflicts in the Middle East. The paper will support the argument using primary and secondary sources from other scholars.
Lack of sufficient data and adequate studies on the topic are the major limitations of the study. The insufficiency of the primary and secondary sources is a limitation of the study because studies regarding conflicts in the Middle East are limited.
Additionally, given that many people have linked Islam with extremism and terrorism, there is a tendency that scholars have some biases when performing and presenting their research findings. Hence, biases limit the validity and reliability of primary and secondary information.
Benefits of the Study
The research findings have significant benefits as they enhance understanding of the conflicts in the Middle East and formulation of effective solutions. With the enhanced understanding of the causes of conflicts, policy makers can formulate effective solutions to end and prevent conflicts.
Moreover, the study is of great benefit as it disputes the common assumptions that Muslims are to blame for the conflicts that happen between Jews and Palestinians in the Middle East.
Conclusion The conflicts in the Middle East center on the migration of the Jews from Europe and other parts of the world into Israel. The migration of Jews coupled with the interests of western countries fueled the conflicts between Palestinians and Jews in the Middle East.
As sources of conflicts range from conflict over resources to religious differences, misconceptions depict Muslims as extremists and terrorists. Hence, the study aims to enhance the understanding of the conflicts and demystify misconceptions with the objective of defining effective solutions.
We will write a custom Proposal on The Migration of the Jews: Problems, Significance and Benefits specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Penslar, Derek. Israel in History: The Jewish State in Comparative Perspective. New York, 2007. Print.
Tabarani, Gabriel. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: From Balfour Promise to Bush Declaration: The Complications and the Road for Lasting Peace. London: AuthorHouse, 2008. Print.
Modern Architecture In China Exploratory Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Modern Architecture In China
Introduction Nowadays the level of technology and the achievements in the design practice allows creating the real masterpieces both in the design of the exterior and interior. It goes without saying that the modern techniques facilitate the realization of even the most bold and creative ideas which seemed to be impossible in the past.
The aim of this paper is to describe two examples of the modern design.
Modern Architecture In China The first example of the modern design progress which I am going to present to you is the Wuzhen Theatre created by the Chinese designers headed by Kris Yao. The construction has been built in Zhejiang in China. The project represents a bright example of the modern architecture. It is an amazing building embodying in itself both the contemporary architecture style and the elements of the traditional Chinese architecture.
The structure of the building is the reinforced concrete and steel framing (“Wuzhen Theatre” n.pag.). It has two floors above ground and one floor below ground (“Wuzhen Theatre” n.pag.). The façade of the theatre is zig-zag fan-shaped (“Wuzhen Theatre” n.pag.).
The panorama windows, although framed into the sash decorated with the creative bars, contribute to the substantial transparency of the building admitting the sun rays through the glass of the old gold color. As a whole the windows are associated with the traditional Chinese design which assumes the use of the gold and black color. In my view, the bars represent the bamboo which takes an important place in the Asian culture.
The theatre has been built nearby the river. If you take a look at the theatre from the side of the street with the traditional Chinese houses, you can see the contrast between the old Chinese architecture and the contemporary one. It is worthy to mention the beautiful illumination of the theatre at night when the golden lights are reflected in the river water.
The interior of the theatre also attracts the attention. It is made in the beautiful deep blue color which creates a calm atmosphere inside. A ceiling is also made in the blue color with white decoration elements. The walls inside the theatre are decorated with screens which are traditional in the Chinese culture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The design of the interior can be described as the successful mix of the innovative surrealistic design and the Chinese authentic traditions of decoration.
“Using the culturally auspicious “twin lotus” as its metaphor, which functions perfectly with two theatres sharing one stage area, the design is composed of two oval shapes interlocking one another, one of them transparent and the opaque in form” (“Wuzhen Theatre/Artech Architects” n.pag.).
In my opinion, the design of the new theatre is useful as it represents one more place of interest in China. Besides, the new theatre is aimed to host the international theatre festival. Besides, it is planned that the fashion shows and even the wedding ceremonies will take place at the theatre.
Conclusion In order to sum up all above mentioned, it should be said that the contemporary design embodies the high level of the design techniques and construction technologies development. Furthermore, it encompasses the creativity and mastery of the designers and architects. The examples of the contemporary design described in the essay are the bright examples of the achievements in the sphere of design and architecture.
Works Cited “Wuzhen Theatre by Artech Architects Rises out of the Water” 16 October 2013. Designboom.com. Web.
“Wuzhen Theatre/Artech Architects” 23 May 2013. Archdaily.com. Web.
Frank Conroy’s Memoir: Life Experiments Essay essay help: essay help
The life events and situations which can be discussed by some persons as minor or insignificant often influence the people’s life more obviously than any other important and serious event because minor details can provoke people’s thinking of their life, personality, intentions, goals, and visions of the world.
Frank Conroy’s memoir Stop-Time (1967) includes a lot of descriptions of events and situations which influenced the process of Conroy’s growing and development as an individual. The author focuses on definite stops in describing the time of his childhood and adolescence.
To emphasize the stop and to draw the readers’ attention to it, Conroy uses the present tense, and the readers become involved in the situation because of observing it through the eyes of a boy whose considerations and emotions are presented and described in detail.
In spite of the fact that there are many significant events and incidents presented in the memoir, it is important to refer to the minor events which are preserved in the author’s memory because of their impact on the writer’s personality.
From this point, the chapter “A Yo-Yo Going Down, a Mad Squirrel Coming Up” provides a description of an important stop when Conroy perceives the principles of life and his role in the world and society focusing on yo-yoing.
Conroy uses the whole chapter to describe his experience in relation to yo-yoing and observed tricks with yo-yo. Thus, this situation can be discussed as minor and insignificant by many persons, but the boy at the age of thirteen can notice the significant principles of the life in the world with references to yo-yoing, and this knowledge can change his cognition and vision of the world and his own personality.
While noticing two yo-yo tricksters, the boy “stared open-mouthed as a yo-yo was thrown down and stayed down” (Conroy 112-113). As a result, the boy decided to perform yo-yo tricks which could be lovely and rather difficult because Conroy was sure in relation to his success.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Although all the yo-yos are the same, Conroy states, “My yo-yo … was a perfectly balanced construction of hard wood, slightly weighted, flat, with only a sixteenth of an inch between the halves” (Conroy 113). Using such a perfect yo-yo, the boy focuses only on the success while performing some tricks.
Following the boy’s considerations and thoughts on yo-yoing, it is possible to state that the successes of Conroy in yo-yoing as well as his observations of yo-yo’s movements made the boy think about the rules of the world and people’s reactions to the world strings.
Conroy explains the importance of this stop in memory claiming, “the yo-yo represented my first organized attempt to control the outside world” (Conroy 115). Thus, such important things were learnt by the writer not through the dramatic experiences of his childhood, but because of playing with the yo-yo.
Referring to the example of Conroy’s use of stops in life, I can rely on such a stop as the moment of understanding the impact of the people’s opinion on the other persons’ life and the role of envy in this process. Conroy’s attempts to perform yo-yo tricks can be discussed as a kind of envy in relation to the other boys’ skills while performing different yo-yo tricks because this fact is associated with the rule in the situation.
The similar situation occurred when I was at the age of twelve. The desire to prove the fact that I could be better than the other children in the classroom made me agree to participate in a lot of extracurricular activities and orient to the best results.
I can make the stop in my memory and recollect my emotions in relation to the situation when my classmate told me that he could achieve the best results in the swimming competition than I could achieve.
Today, I understand that those words were rather provocative and demonstrated the classmate’s envy. Furthermore, I could not predict the results of the competition. However, I remember that during the conversation I decided to win in spite of any barriers because I was sure in my successes and skills.
We will write a custom Essay on Frank Conroy’s Memoir: Life Experiments specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The importance of that experience is stop in my life in the fact that I can return to that stop every time when I feel helpless in a difficult situation. Recollecting the situation of being a consistent child with the strong will and desire to win, I can focus on achieving the higher goals today and in the future.
The importance of such stops is in opportunities to refer to the intrinsic motivation and true desires hidden under the mask of everyday considerations.
The above-mentioned experience and the example of Conroy’s stop are also important in the context of my culture and aspects of the social development because the concentration on the inner power is highly valued in our society.
The ability to focus on stops in the life time is necessary to evaluate the results and investigate the particular features of the personal psyche. Thus, stops made by Conroy are important to look at the author from the new perspective.
Works Cited Conroy, Frank. Stop-Time: A Memoir. USA: Viking Press, 1967. Print.
Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commissions Term Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Establishment of CRTC
Purpose of CRTC
Scope of CRTC Operations
Impact and the Future of CRTC
Introduction The 20th century is characterised by a lot of political activities that led to democratization of many societies. People have gained significant access to certain rights and privileges. One of the most important rights that people enjoy today is the access to information, which is essential because it enables people to identify and demand for other rights.
Although the advocates of the right to information insist that everyone should be well informed, some people have claimed that such rights can cause serious challenges if not regulated (Edwardson, 2008). For this reason, several governments have put in place measures to ensure that rights are enjoyed in a manner that protects other aspects of life.
This paper discusses the functions, composition, scope of operation, financing and source of authority of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) (Edwardson, 2008).
Establishment of CRTC CRTC was created in 1976 after the parliament of Canada enacted the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission Act (1976).
Before CRTC came into being, its functions were performed by the Canadian Radio-Television Commission established in 1968 to take over from the Board of Broadcast Governors. CRTC is answerable to the Minister for Heritage who in turn reports to parliament (Dunbar
Singapore Airline Research Paper a level english language essay help
Introduction Overview of the Company
Singapore Airline (SIA) is a widely recognized and celebrated brand name in the air transport industry for over 50 years. This is attributable to its route network that covers over 90 cities in more than forty countries and up to date air transport system.
In addition, SIA is a member of the Star Alliance which has increased its global presence to roughly 140 countries. All in all, the company’s strong brand name is mainly attributed to its excellent customer service (Singaporeair.com, 2013).
For nearly four decades since SIA was detached from Malaysian Airway Limited it has continued to grow rapidly to become a world class airline. Experts attribute this to the company’s values and culture. Singapore Airline has impressed many people due to its creativity, diversity and constant growth.
In addition, the company has been able to meet customers demand as well as gaining competitive advantage in both local and international market (Singaporeair.com, 2013; Ayob, 2004, P. 2).
However, the journey has never been smooth throughout. The company has experienced numerous challenges both internal and external. The most notable predicament was the Asian economic crisis created by the outbreak of the SARS virus in 2003.
The crisis forced the company to cut down wages and lay-off nearly 500 workers. As a matter of fact, this was considered as the largest number of employees to be ever laid-off in the company’s history. As a result, the relationship between the top management and the labor union started to worsen (UK Essays.com, 2012).
So as to attain a world class status SIA went through the following chronology: SIA was established in 1947 under the name Malayan Airways; in 1963, SIA was rebranded to Malaysian Airways owing to the formation of the Malaysian Federation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The name was later changed to Malaysian-Singapore Airline when Singapore became independent; in 1972, the company acquired the current name when it splits up from Malaysian Airways. In 1986, the girl wearing sarong kebaya (the company’s famous logo) was born.
The young elegant, friendly and kindhearted girl on the SIA’s famous logo represents the culture that the company forever wants to devote to its customers (Singaporeair.com, 2013).
From 1990 to 2001, the company purchased 178 aircrafts and expanded its route networks extensively. In 2004, Singapore Airline broke a world record by launching the longest ever commercial flight from Singapore to Los Angeles and New York. In 2007, SIA broke another world record by purchasing the largest passenger plane-A380.
At the moment, SIA’s route networks spans more than 90 destinations and nearly forty countries. In addition, the company has the most modern fleet in the industry and dominates the South East Asian market (UK Essays.com, 2012).
SWOT Analysis of the SIA SWOT analysis is an instrument that is often used to assess an organization and the environment. SWOT is an abbreviation for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. SWOT analysis is commonly used in business studies to explore the existing conditions in order to come up with possible solutions or strategies of addressing both internal and external challenges (OCBC Investment Research, 2011, p. 11).
In this case, SWOT analysis will focus on Singapore Airline. The main objective of the analysis is to have firsthand experience of the problems facing the company and gain knowledge concerning probable developments and potentials.
Strength and Weakness
The main foundation of any company is their staff (Kotler, 2001, p. 6). SAI boasts of highly trained and disciplined personnel whose main focus is passengers comfort and satisfaction. Service quality and customer satisfaction have always been the core of SAI as enshrined in its vision and mission statement. The company has managed to achieve all these because of its highly competent staff, which includes the pilots and mechanics.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Singapore Airline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This has benefited both the company and the customers. For instance, SIA’s service quality has attracted other users like institutions, tourism sector, VIPs among others. In addition, the company also has state of the art training facility for its human resource (OCBC Investment Research, 2011, p. 11).
SIA is a well established airline with a very sound background. The company has always remained profitable despite of numerous challenges both internally and externally. Most of the company’s profits have always been invested back to expand the business. In addition to the strong financial base, SIA also has numerous other resources that have given it an edge over its rivals.
For example, SIA has one of the leading freight handling facilities in the region. The company also has over 95 aircrafts and communication systems which are replaced after every five years.
In addition, SIA’s flight kitchen based in Changi is one of the largest in the world. Last but not least, the company’s brand quality is in all probability the most potent resource. The brand has been nurtured for over three decades to be the most acknowledged and distinguished in the aviation industry (Ayob, 2004, p. 3).
Singapore airline is devoted to the idea of open skies where consumer demand determines the flight destination. However, the company has been unable to access certain countries and airports due to their protectionist policies.
For instance, it took the company a lot of years to access Heathrow and Manchester airports. At the moment, it is still struggling to access transatlantic routes from the United Kingdom. Other weaknesses include lack of growth opportunities for the Flagship Singapore Airline and agility to deal with global crisis (OCBC Investment Research, 2011, p. 11).
Threats and opportunities
The main opportunity for Singapore Airline is the growth of passenger and cargo transport in South-East Asia and the world at large. At the moment, much smaller and remote places are becoming open to the globe. This provides an opportunity for SIA to expand its services. The introduction of lost-cost carrier (LCC) is aimed at capturing this new market segment (UK Essays.com, 2012).
The major threat facing SIA is the increased competition from the Middle East airlines, for example, Tiger Airways and Jestar Airlines. The airline also faces restrictive regulations in certain countries, for instance, the United Kingdom. Another threat is the probable economic depression and pressure on fuel prices (OCBC Investment Research, 2011, p. 11).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Singapore Airline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Porter’s five forces analysis of the SIA This model is based on the comprehensive outlook on the company’s strategies that meets the opportunities and threats within and without the industry.
The five forces as identified by porters include: threats of new entrants, bargaining power of suppliers and customers, threat of substitutes, and the rivalry within the industry. Porter’s five forces analysis not only offers a significant foundation for strategic analysis but also examines the viability of the industry to come up possible course of actions (Porter 1980, p. 3).
Singapore Airline is regarded as a distinct industry in Singapore market. As a result, the Porter’s five forces and other externalities have considerable impact on the airline. Regionally, the airline is regarded as the market leader because of its outstanding service delivery and distinguished brand.
However, over the recent past, Singapore Airline has been faced with stiff competition from the Middle East airlines and other news entrants. For that reason, industry analysis is very crucial for the company in order to cope with the current and prospective challenges (Singaporeair.com, 2013).
The ease of entry into a market dictates the level of competition. The threat of entry significantly depends on the barriers put in place to ward off the new entrants (Kotler, 2001, p. 33). SIA controls the largest share of the South East Asian market to a near monopoly.
Despite of the fact that Singapore has not restricted access to its route networks, smaller airlines have always found it very difficult to access this market. Nevertheless, the rapid development of the region’s economy and the tourism sector has attracted global airlines into the market (UK Essays.com, 2012).
Customer’s bargaining power in the airline industry are very high. This is due to the fact that buyers have numerous options to choose from. Therefore, Singapore Airline needs to focus most of its attention on consumer satisfaction and provision of exceptional services.
The power of the supplier in the airline industry is also important and has significant impact on the company’s competitive capacity. For this reason, Singapore Airline has established strong ties with its suppliers and other airline companies (UK Essays.com, 2012).
The airline industry has highest threat of substitutes, particularly Singapore where the sole means of international movement is air transport. The threat increased with the introduction of the low-cost carriers. Therefore, SIA must take notice of the threats in different market segments (UK Essays.com, 2012).
Lately the company has been experiencing stiff competition not only from the Middle East airlines but also from major global players, for instance, Cathay Pacific Airways, British Airways and Fly Emirates among others.
However, Singapore Airline has been able to maintain a competitive edge over its rivals by improving its apparatus, increasing fleet network, offering exceptional services and promoting its brand (Singaporeair.com, 2013).
Conclusion Industrial analysis of the Singapore Aviation industry provides an empirical overview of how external factor impacts the operations of the Singapore Airline. The main purpose of this analysis is to explain the external business environment, its dynamics and forces that propel the changes.
The fundamental idea behind the two tools of analysis is that businesses have to adjust to the externalities. This reflects the idea that business strategies and goals have to fit in between the capabilities and externalities and therefore it is necessary for an industry/ entity to adjust to the changes.
References Aaker, D.A. (2005). Strategic Market Management. Hobeken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons.
Ayob, A.M. (2004). Singapore Airlines Limited: Building a Culture of Service Excellence. Web.
Kotler, P. (2001). Kotler on Marketing: How to Create, Win and Dominate Markets. New York: Free Press.
OCBC Investment Research. (2011). Singapore Airlines Limited. Company Report (MITA No. 022/06/2011). Singapore: OCBC.
Porter, M.E. (1980). Competitive strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. New York: Free Press.
Singaporeair.com. (2013). Singapore Airline: Our History. Web.
UK Essays.com. (2012). Pestel and Five-Force Analysis of Singapore Airline. Web.
“Winning” by Jack Welch Evaluation Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Strengths, weaknesses and assumptions in Jack Welch’s framework for differentiating employees In his book “Winning”, Jack Welch (2005) provides a well-developed framework for managing people in an organization through employee differentiation. The ‘20/70/10 Differentiation’ framework is primarily a way of breaking down employees into three groups based on their performance (Welch, 2005).
The purpose of the framework is to determine a good of way of rewarding and treating employees. The framework has a number of strengths, but it has some negative aspects because it is based on some assumptions.
Welch believes that every company has only three groups of employees. The first the 20/70/10 framework is effective because it provides managers with a simple but effective way of dealing with employees. It ensures that the company retains its best performers in the first 20% group, which allows it to reduce costs and enhance management (Welch, 2005).
In fact, this group is made up of top managers who have experience and positive attitude towards the company and their work. If not treated well, they are likely to leave the company or work below standards, thus affecting corporate performance. Secondly, this framework allows managers to increase performance by encouraging and motivating employees to rise to the top 20% group.
As employees strive to join the group, they improve their performance, thus improving the corporate performance. Thirdly, it ensures that managers reduce cost by eliminating majority of employees in the bottom 10% group.
Since most of these employees are the individuals with records of poor performance and negative attitudes, they are likely to reduce performance while increasing cost. They must leave the company. Using this framework, the company is able to reduce employee redundancy.
Welch’s framework assumes that all employees, regardless of the nature of a company, industry or economy, can fit into one of the three categories.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Secondly, it assumes that employee performance can only be increased by rewarding and motivation, leaving out other factors such as talents and personal interests. In addition, it assumes that forcing out poor performing employees from a company is the best way of dealing with poor performance.
Welch’s ideas seem to assume that employees in the top 20% group are perfect and must be maintained in the company. This is a bad assumption because this group could include employees who are interested in personal gains rather than corporate gains. Heavy rewards and recognitions given to these employees could create resentment among the lower groups, which could destroy employee-employee relationships.
In addition, it can affect employee-employee and employee-manager communication. In addition, the 10% group might feel threatened because they are not provided with enough time to rectify their mistakes and learn to perform.
Workforce Differentiation Welch’s framework seems to be an effective way of differentiating employees. In fact, I would suggest that companies use employee performance as one of the main criteria for employee categorization.
For instance, companies should analyse employees based on individual performance within a given time such as one year. Employees who perform poorly and do not strive to improve should leave the company. Those who perform well or improve their performance need rewards and appraisal.
Mission, Vision and Values Using Welch’s ideas, it is evident that missions define the future of a company. To develop mission, the company needs values. Values define the required or appropriate behaviours or set of behaviours that must be followed in order to reach the desired destination.
For instance, positive attitudes, teamwork, proper and effective communication and focus on goals are good examples of behaviours that employees and their leaders should consider (Becker, Huselid
Project Management for Small to Medium Enterprises Evaluation Essay argumentative essay help
Work breakdown structure, critical path and costed time strategy The chart below illustrates the project’s work breakdown structure. This goal has been achieved by identifying the task, the duration, and the resource requirement in order to execute the task effectively and within the set time.
Chart 1: WBS
Task name Duration [days] Start time Finish time Resource Analysing the green fashion market in Australia 12 4thOct. 2013 1 5thOct.2013 Marketing manager Selection of store location 12 4thOct. 2013 1 5thOct. 2013 Entrepreneur Developing the project business plan 15 4thOct. 2013 19thOct. 2013 Entrepreneur Compliance with legal and environmental 3 17thOct. 2013 19thOct. 2013 Entrepreneur Seeking sponsorship from charity organisations 18 4thOct. 2013 19thOct. 2013 Entrepreneur Furnishing and decorating the store 15 17thOct. 2013 31stOct. 2013 Project team Attracting consigner 12 20thOct. 2013 15thNov. 2013 Entrepreneur Finalising the shops self-owned system 26 15thNov. 2013 26thNov. 2013 Project team Implementing the green fashion concept will play a critical role in minimising the rate of environmental pollution. In a bid to establish the Green Fashion Store, effective time management is essential. Approximately, the store will take 70 days to be completed. It is projected that this duration is sufficient to complete the project.
However, taking 70 days will lead to increase in the resource requirements, which are scarce. Thus, effective time scheduling is paramount. The project manager will reduce the project duration with 20%, which means that the project will take 56 days to be implemented. Crashing strategy will be used in order to arrive at the critical path as illustrated by chart 2 below.
By crashing the time, the Green Fashion Store will be completed within 56 days and the likelihood of the entrepreneur conforming to the time constraint will increase. The areas shaded in black illustrate the critical path that will result in optimal resource utilisation.
Chart 2: the critical path
The Project Manager estimates that the project will require $19,200 in order to be successfully implemented.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Budget and resource allocation In establishing the new business, the entrepreneur is focused towards ensuring that resources are effectively utilised. In this project, the resource that the Project Manager is mostly focused on relates to time. The green fashion project is time constrained. The Project Manager intends to complete the green fashion project in 56 days. Thus, the entrepreneur will ensure that time is effectively utilised.
Levelling resource allocation technique will be used. This will aid in effective utilisation of slack time by delaying non-critical activities. Moreover, the levelling technique will aid in reduction resource demand, peak resource demand in addition to minimising the amount of resource fluctuation. Some activities will be undertaken concurrently in order to eliminate slack time.
Chart 3: Estimated budget before crashing the amount of time by 20%
Work package 1stOct.- 15thOct 17thOct-19thOct. 20thOct.-31stOct. 1stNov. -15thNov. 16thNov- 26thNov. Total by activity Market research $2,000 $2,000 Developing the store’s blue print. $500 $200 $700 legal and environmental analysis $1,000 $1,000 Seeking sponsorship $600 $400 $1,000 Furnishing the store $8,000 $4,000 $12,000 Attracting consigner 1,000 1,000 Finalising the self-owned store system 1,500 1,500 Cumulative 19,200 However, reducing the amount of time required to complete the project with 20% is expected to increase the amount of financial capital required. Thus, it is estimated that the project budget will increase by 20%. Thus, the green fashion project will require $ 23,040 in order to be completed.
Quality management and control
A number of elements quality management elements as illustrated the chart below will be taken into account in the green fashion store. The project will be implemented as a one-off expense hence eliminating the need to revisit the project upon its completion. The chart below illustrates the variables that will be taken into account in ensuring effective quality management.
Figure 1: quality control
A comprehensive cost-benefit analysis will be undertaken in order to maintain the project within the desired quality. This will be achieved by controlling the prevention cost, external and internal failure, control, and appraisal cost. This will improve the quality of the project.
We will write a custom Essay on Project Management for Small to Medium Enterprises specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Project Manager will ensure that the green fashion store addresses the customer’s needs adequately. To achieve this, a substantial amount of appraisal cost will be incurred. The appraisal cost will entail product audits, product inspections, and reviews.
Some of the elements that will be integrated in assessing the appraisal cost include evaluating whether the process of implementing the store takes into account the desired conditions. For example, an appealing store ambience will be ensured in order to develop unique customer experience.
Moreover, the Project Manager will conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the green fashion products collected from the sponsors to ensure that they are aligned with the specified environmental requirements.
One of the ways through which quality of the products collected will be ensured is by conducting an intensive training on the parties charged with the responsibility of collecting the second hand products. Moreover, the appraisal cost will also entail assessing whether the green fashion store is effectively designed.
The Green Fashion Store entrepreneur is cognisant of the fact that the project may be affected by to lack of sufficient support from the sponsors. For example, customers might not adopt the concept of green fashion as expected. A comprehensive project quality plan will be developed to minimise the adverse effects of quality costs.
The quality plan will outline the standards that the project manager will be required to adhere to in order to satisfactorily fulfil the quality requirement. Regular meetings involving all the team members will be conducted to generate ideas on how to deal with contingencies that arise in the process of implementing the project. The above quality control chart will be used.
Project team performance
The entrepreneur is aware that the Green Fashion Store will depend on the input of all the team members. Consequently, it is imperative for the project manager to ensure that effective team performance is attained.
Optimal team performance can be achieved by incorporating the principles of team management such as organising, leading, controlling, and planning. In a bid to attain optimal team performance, the project manager will take into account a number of issues as illustrated in the table below.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Project Management for Small to Medium Enterprises by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Chart 4; project team performance
Approach Strategy Significance to team performance Leadership Transformational leadership style will be adopted The style will provide team members an opportunity to share ideas on how to improve the project. -Transformational leadership will lead to development of a sense of inclusion amongst the team members. Communication Horizontal, vertical, upward, lateral diagonal and downward channels of communication will be adopted. Formulating an effective feedback mechanism Communication will ensure that the team members are adequately informed about the project and their roles. Establishment of an effective working relationship Optimal conflict resolution The feedback mechanism will lead to development of optimal understanding of the project. Decision making Inclusive team meetings Team meetings will give the manager insight on the team members’ perception and attitude regarding the project. Including employees in the decision, making process will provide the manager insight on how to minimise employee resistance. Including the team members will lead to development of a sense of project ownership amongst team members. Developing a strong project team Effective selection of project team members and integration of volunteer part-time team members Effective volunteer management Formulation of an optimal volunteer training programme The manager is cognisant of the fact that unforeseen forces may affect completion of the project. For example, multitasking amongst the project team members may limit their effectiveness. In a bid to deal with this challenge, the Project Manager is focused towards attracting volunteer part-time team members. This goal will be achieved by designing an effective volunteering programme. Currently, individuals are embracing the concept of volunteering in different organisations in an effort to develop a wide range of knowledge and skills. Sufficient awareness on the contribution of the green fashion project to environmental conservation will be undertaken. The training will be aimed at ensuring that the volunteers are acquainted with the project objectives and goals. The Project Manager will educate the volunteers the contribution of the Green Fashion Store in minimising climate change. Reward management Comprehensive and continuous appraisal of the team members’ performance Recognising project team members with optimal performance The appraisal will aid in the determination of the team members effectiveness in executing the duties assigned Reward management will lead to increased level of motivation towards achievement of the set project milestones. By implementing the above strategies, the project manager will be able to improve the outcome of the project.
Project team meetings
In a bid to ensure that the project is successful defined, planned, and executed, a number of project team meetings will be conducted. A number of issues will be discussed during the project team meetings as illustrated by the figure below.
Project team identity
In a bid to ensure that the project team members are committed to the green fashion store, the project manager will ensure that adequate team identity is established. Developing team identity will contribute towards development of a high level of commitment amongst the team members. The team members will identify with the green fashion store.
Thus, their efforts will be focused at achieving the project’s goals. The project manager intends to create team identity by conducting frequent meetings. The meetings will lead to improvement of the team members’ attitude and opinion towards the project. Consequently, the likelihood of developing team behaviour will be increased.
Team identity will also be developed by nurturing a high degree of interaction and information sharing amongst the team members. This goal will be achieved by utilising the co-location technique. Virtual teams will not be used in the project. Thus, the project team members will have an opportunity to interact with another thus developing a strong working relationship.
The phrase ‘green fashion’ will be used as the project team name. This name will make the project team more tangible. Moreover, an appealing team logo will be designed. The logos will be designed on T-shirts and caps that will be worn by the project team members. As a result, the project team members will love being associated with the project.
In addition to the above strategies, the project manager will ensure that effective team rituals are developed. The rituals will lead to establishment of strong and unique team identity. One of the rituals that will be developed entails giving the team members a T-shirt inscribed with the milestones achieved.
Monitoring and evaluation
This process improves the project outcome by identifying areas that require adjustments. Furthermore, monitoring and evaluation allows the project manager to evaluate the achievements that have been accomplished.
The process of monitoring and evaluating the Green Store Project will take into account a number of issues, which include the project costs, resources, project sponsors, and the entire project management team. Participatory monitoring and evaluation strategy will be adopted and this strategy will entail taking into account all the project stakeholders.
The project sponsors will be evaluated in order to determine whether they are providing the necessary project guidance. On the other hand, the project team members will be monitored in order to determine whether their actions are positively influencing the completion of the project. Monitoring and evaluating resources will play a critical role in ensuring that the project resources, which are scarce, are optimally being utilised.
By integrating effective project monitoring and evaluation, the project manager will be in a position to promote the development of positive behaviours amongst the team members. The entrepreneur intends to complete the Green Fashion Store within 56 days. Consequently, optimal monitoring and evaluation with regard to how time is utilised in implementing the project will be undertaken.
The project will monitor the project’s progress by tracking the Gantt chart by incorporating a baseline Gantt chart. The respective activities in the Gantt chart will be tracked. Periodic reports regarding the project process will be formulated by developing a control chart.
Consequently, the project manager will be in a position to determine the project’s trend. For example, the project manager will assess whether the project progress is ahead or behind schedule, and hence report to the stakeholders more effectively.
In addition to the above types of evaluation, the project manager will also evaluate the customers’ opinion regarding the green fashion store. One of the elements that will be taken into account entails assessing whether the target customers have integrated the concept of green fashion in their consumption processes.
Consequently, the project manager will be able to determine the likelihood of obtaining support from the customers. To evaluate the performance of project amongst potential customers, the entrepreneur will conduct a market survey through the green fashion website that will be established. Moreover, emerging social media platforms will also be used.
Projects have a definite timeframe and must be completed within the set deadline and transferred to the owners. Consequently, it is imperative for project managers to ensure effective project closure. The project manager is of the opinion that the project will be successfully completed. Consequently, normal project closure technique will be undertaken. The closure will comprise a number of activities, which include,
Conducting a post project audit to determine the degree of project success
Undertaking wrap-up closure activities [which include paying out the bills and closing the project accounts]
Conducting individual and team evaluation
Preparing a final report that summarises the entire project. The final report will be comprised of a number of elements which include;
Project performance review- This will be achieved by reviewing whether the project is in conformity with the set standards.
Lessons learnt and recommendations on how to improve future projects
The project team members and the volunteers will be acknowledged and thanked for their effort. The acknowledgement will be undertaken by identifying each of the team members’ contribution to the establishment of the green fashion store.
The project life cycle will be comprised of three main stages, which include the start, project life, and finish. A number of activities, which include project definition, planning, execution, and project delivery, will be undertaken during the project life cycle.
However, various obstacles might affect project implementation and success adversely. Consequently, it is imperative for project managers to adopt effective preventive measures. Some of the risks potential obstacles that might be experienced in this project are discussed herein.
Implementation challenges– One of the major obstacles that might affect the project relates to lack of commitment amongst the team members. Such occurrences may limit the likelihood of the project being completed within the set timeframe. The project team members may lose momentum, hence drifting from the set project goals.
Development delays- The entrepreneur intends to cut the amount of time required to complete the Green Fashion Store project with 20% and to achieve this goal, the project manager will adopt the crashing strategy. Considering that the Green Fashion Store is a new entity, the firm does not have adequate staff.
Consequently, the likelihood of some project team members multitasking is high as some activities and assignments will have to be completed within the same time. Multitasking may limit the effectiveness with which the project team members undertake their duties. Moreover, excessive multitasking may lead to time loss hence affecting the project completion.
Cost increment- Existence of resource bottlenecks is another major obstacle that might affect the project.
Risk management Occurrence of risk might hinder the project implementation. Consequently, comprehensive risk management process will be adopted. Four main risk management aspects, which include risk identification, risk response control, risk assessment, and risk response development will be incorporated. The project manager will integrate the following risk management strategies.
Assessment of the milestones- The project manager will evaluate whether the set milestones are achieved.
Balancing project activities with personal activities, the project manager will integrate optimal time management strategies to prevent the team members’ infectiveness because of multitasking.
Effective allocation and control of project resources; this will prevent deviation from the predetermined project budget.
Summary and recommendations Implementing the above project plan will improve the likelihood of the Green Fashion Store succeeding. The feasibility of the project is enhanced as the project will contribute towards environmental protection and the project will promote consumption of ‘green fashion’, hence minimising environmental pollution and climate change.
Moreover, the project feasibility is enhanced by the fact that customers are increasingly becoming conscious of the environment. Therefore, project sponsors will be committed in supporting the project. The success of the project will depend on the effectiveness with which the available project resources are managed. Time is one of the most important resources in the process of implementing the Green Fashion Store.
By implementing the time crashing strategy, the project manager will minimise the duration within which the project has to be implemented. As a result, the amount of resources required will go down. The project manager will be required to assess the work breakdown structure in order to determine the most effective way to crash the project time. Analysing the WBS will enable the project manager to define task durations effectively.
In a bid to improve the project outcome, effective quality management, and control should be integrated, by formulating optimal quality standards. Through effective quality control, the project manager will eliminate non-conformities.
Non-conformities underscore aspects that add no value to the project but they might be inevitable in a project management process if the project manager fails to observe effectiveness for optimal results. The success of the Green Fashion Store project will be determined by the commitment of all the team members, which underscores the importance of optimal project team management.
The project manager can achieve this goal by integrating effective team formation and development strategies such as effective conflict management and communication, which will improve the effectiveness with which the project team members interact.
The project manager should ensure that effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms are developed by integrating Gantt charts, which should be tracked continuously to improve the likelihood of identifying and adjusting deviations that occur. Upon its completion, the manager should ensure that effective project closure is undertaken by conducting an audit of the project in order to determine its success.
The success of the project might be subject to various internal and external challenges. Consequently, it is imperative for the project manager to integrate effective risk management strategies by ensuring that risks are identified effectively in a bid to address any challenge that might arise during the project management process.
Problems in Implementing a New Project Research Paper college essay help
Introduction In today’s business climate, implementation of projects requires high level of creativity and innovation from the executive and employees of organisations.
The process of implementing projects requires application of innovation management in which firms cut cost as a way of remaining relevant in today’s competitive business environment.
Managers have to use appropriate tools of innovative management in order to influence workforces to work towards achieving organisations’ common goals.
Since organisational projects always aim at helping firms in realising their goals, the inclusion of innovation management is necessary in allowing managers to have joint understanding of objectives and procedures in implementing such projects.
Project managers must have wide management skills to forecast on the challenges that may arise during the implementation stage and even draw possible solutions to the same.
Project Implementation Process The process of implementing new ideas within an organisation requires managers to influence perceptions of stakeholders to support the concept.
Cultures of other organisations may hinder innovation and creativity from the argument that the management only accepts ideas that are in line with the daily operations of the firm and maintain the status quo (Watad 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In such firms, employees are passive in their positions, as the management holds the key to all new ideas. However, the current globalisation rate forces firms to adjust changes in order to remain relevant in the market.
Therefore, the management has to convince every person in order to support the implementation of new programmes. In convincing stakeholders, managers have to get the majority on board through consensus building to implement new ideas successfully.
Resistance to Project Implementation In innovation management, even employees have to contribute creatively and innovatively to the progress of a firm. For instance, in a situation where clients’ demands and wants are not met, innovation management helps in finding solutions to those needs.
Resistance in an organisation that originates from company’s beliefs and practices poses great challenges to implementation of projects. Managers should be flexible in their management styles in order to alter the culture of their organisations.
Since implementation of a project does not guarantee achievement of the goals and objectives of the firm (Kilicoglu and Yilmaz 14), most stakeholders develop resistance to such changes.
Inclusive implementation of a new project remains a challenge to most organisations, hence the need for innovative strategies in managing diverse stakeholders’ positions and views.
Companies that desire to gain competitive advantage over their competitors in the market have to employ innovative management in their operations (Collins 8).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Problems in Implementing a New Project specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Such firms set up training and development departments to help in training all staff members. Project managers involve themselves in designing, developing and executing of training programmes through practical in-house training.
Organisational Culture A key problem that arises during implementation of projects majorly comes from organisational culture. This involves rigidity of corporate cultures, as some executives are always resistant to accept change that may occur after implementation of a project (Kilicoglu and Yilmaz 20).
Some projects do bring changes to a company’s organisational culture. Organisational culture is the collective way by which employees interact at the workplace. It encompasses life experiences, values, and beliefs that unite employees within the firm.
Organisational culture is also the way employees in an organisation behave, and the connotation that people attach to their behaviours and life experiences. There are essential aspects of culture that firms have to consider in their management processes within an organisation.
The evaluative element involves the social anticipations, prospects, and principles that companies follow in their daily operations.
Lastly, the social interaction element involves the means of communication within a firm. For instance, the language of communication and communication methods within an organisation constitute social interaction as an element of organisational culture.
Culture brings people together. The concept of corporate culture drives employees in an organisation towards achieving a common goal, hence making them develop a sense of unified responsibility.
As an initiator of unity, culture helps in developing consensus between employees and the management. For example, organisations can conduct training for their employees in order to inculcate the corporate culture in employees.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Problems in Implementing a New Project by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this aspect, all stakeholders within the organisation strive to work towards achieving the centralised goals. The whole concept of culture within an organisation brings out the image of a firm that the management would like to project (Watad 3).
It remains the role of the HR executive to design ethical organisational behaviours so that employees be able to reinforce the whole system in unison.
It becomes difficult to reshape an organisational culture where unethical practices are manifested at the topic as compared to one, which manifests from the bottom. Clearly, implementing new projects in an organisation that has morally upright executives is quite easy.
The HR should also foster good working relationship and ethical culture within the organisation. Project managers have to make employees and the entire management think differently in order to see the need for such cultural changes.
Organisational and Individual-Level Resistance Since stakeholders cannot have the same perception on the impacts of a project in the organisation, managers have to instil changes in mind-set to the rest of the team. Currently, organisations are experiencing numerous changes in their systems of management and operation.
Resistance within organisations can transpire in three different forms that are at the organisation, group and individual levels. If a project is meant to benefit one department within the firm, resistance can arise in a form of power and control.
The process can create conflict among departments in a firm, as some may feel disadvantaged even after being involved in the entire process of project initiation, implementation and evaluation (Kilicoglu and Yilmaz 15).
At the same time, constant technological updates and demographic characters force organisations to manage change and resultant resistance in order to survive. Organisational-level resistance can also emanate from differences in functional orientation given that departments can view changes within the organisation differently, thus having difficulties in arriving at an irrefutable agreement.
In addition, changes that occur during implementation of a project can alter the norms and values within an organisation. Some corporations have conservatism nature in their cultures, hence focusing less on change as attempts to do it may affect others (Watad 8).
In this aspect, resistance to the changes can arise from the organisation, as the process attempts to disrupt organisational culture.
Simultaneously, cultures that support implementation of new projects can accept lucrative projects, and end up having minimal or no positive effects on the operation system of an organisation if they lack adequate skills and resources to see the project through the phases.
Identifying, planning and financing projects require potential funding backed by necessary skills. In the identification stage, the innovative team identifies ideas that work and those that do not in order to avoid failure during introduction in the market.
This process requires designing of exit strategies to help in conducting viability assessment on potential projects during the early stages.
Group-Level Resistance Employees can also have resistance at group level if they expect the change to interfere with the group cohesiveness and norms. According to Kilicoglu and Yilmaz, changes that tend to alter interactions between groups owing to changes in tasks are likely to receive mass resistance (18).
Moreover, an employee may resist implementation of a project if he/she is uncertain of his/her job security after the changes. Therefore, fear of the unknown can make workforces become resistant to any change that may take place within the company.
In addition, an employee’s economic concern can result in resistance to a project that may reduce the management cost for a firm.
For instance, introducing technological applications within a firm can lower the income level of employees or result in lay-offs. From this dimension, an employee will oppose out-rightly projects that tend to automate services within a company.
Remedies to Resistance Education
Practical in-house training instil required skills into workforce, thus eliminating instances of inadequate knowledge and information management. In project implementation processes, there are instances of lack of training and communication among all stakeholders.
This mostly occurs when there is no training or the training failed to touch on the significance of information flow among stakeholders (Macdonald 16).
The lessons should capture the communication chain and process so that stakeholders understand the formal process of reporting findings. Such seminars create strong awareness among the executives, thus increasing tolerance of uncertainty in introducing new ideas.
In implementing IT innovations within organisations, uncertainty is always predominant. Therefore, managers are to handle external pressures by creating technology awareness in the firm (Austin and Claassen 22).
This move helps in building consensus in a team, as learning is an inclusive affair. Commitment by the executive is vital in implementing IT-enabled innovations given that the management can influence employees’ attitudes to a given project.
Consequently, training can be a great investment in a firm if the facilitators have expansive knowledge in the field where they are conducting the exercise. The organisation had to put into consideration the different dimensions of training apart from just conducting the training.
There should be a need to achieve competitive advantage over other firms after the training period. Through this process, the organisation can generate new knowledge that can have immense impacts on their operations.
Communication and organisational learning
The inclusion of ICT in this process advances the whole process and increases the adaptation of organisation to the rapidly changing environment. Notably, thorough quality analysis enriches an organisation’s strategic planning.
Moreover, ICT can increase communication between the line staff and managerial of a company, thus enhancing greater employee involvement in decision-making processes.
Companies that inculcate regular training sessions in their programmes, find it easy to introduce new changes in their systems, hence gaining competitive advantage over their competitors, which are adamant at introducing such training programmes (Austin and Claassen 27).
Therefore, organisational learning has a direct impact on competitive advantage of an organisation. Firms that constantly engage their employees in training, seminars, and workshops realise massive growth. Businesses should be proactive and remain focused on achieving their strategic objectives.
As a result, such organisations must be open to learning new ideas to advance their knowledgebase. Obviously, organisational learning starts with individual learning that provides a favourable environment for general learning.
The development of knowledge foundation culminates into organisational learning (Collins 7). It is from this foundation that an organisation develops its competitive advantage.
In implementing IT projects, managers identify the nature of interactions that affect the process and impact the effectiveness of the innovation. The framework identifies threats, weaknesses, and opportunities of an innovation project (Bhatti par. 1).
Staff can demonstrate resistance to change passively, actively or aggressively. Resistance from stakeholders can be the threat, while weaknesses can be lack of awareness among stakeholders in supporting the project.
Strengths can be the trainable workforce that only requires well-planned training content on the essence of adopting new ideas. Opportunities can be the inputs and outputs or results that come after implementing the project.
In a passive resistance, employees may accept supporting the implementation process of a project, but end-up not doing so, while active resistance involves blatant actions like engaging in strikes and absenteeism.
The above framework sets a clear path for implementing new projects with minimal resistance from stakeholders given the inclusion of their thoughts and ideas in the whole process.
In addressing resistance to change in an organisation, innovation management becomes necessary for instilling the essence of implementation into the new project in employees and other stakeholders.
Management can employ numerous actions to minimise resistance that may cause insecurity and uncertainty. Education and communication are the aspects that firms can use to communicate with employees in order to enable them to see the sense in implementing a new project.
Resistance that can emanate from groups that supervise substantial amount of resources in a firm is likely not to occur, as their contention with the situations will not be logical in comparison to the new changes.
Communication is essential within a firm, and resistance can even become stronger due to poor communication among stakeholders.
In resolving this challenge, innovation management comes into practice to alter a group’s threat perception of new changes within the firm (Austin and Claassen 29).
Besides, management-employee relations must be based on mutual trust so that there is minimal resistance at the project implementation stage.
Involving all stakeholders in the change process helps in overcoming resistance that can be detrimental to achievement of an organisation’s goals and objectives since it is less likely for individuals to oppose implementation of the decision that they supported.
The stage of making decision requires creativity and innovation to address issues raised by those opposed to the change.
Even though the process consumes a lot of time, inclusive decision-making encompasses the ideas of all stakeholders and, consequently, results in successful implementation of a project.
Employee cancelling and therapy helps in facilitating adjustment among stakeholders on the new project. If resistance emanates from an extremely powerful source, negotiation becomes the best tactic to handle the situation.
Information and knowledge management Information and knowledge management is critical in influencing thoughts and perceptions of organisational members. Introducing new IT system requires strong organisational learning process.
Organisational learning is a process where an organisation creates a favourable environment within its premises to enhance knowledge, improve standards and efficiency by making use of its employees (Macdonald 17).
KM sets a platform that helps in reducing resistance to new projects since employees and other stakeholders will be aware of the impacts of such ideas. Even though some projects may come with limitations, employees will accept them given the varied benefits that accompany the projects.
With constant market dynamism and introduction of new technological advancements, it is critical for organisations to ensure that their employees are updated on these changes.
Moreover, firms can develop a well-organised knowledge network and relation to understand the continuously changing economy. Knowledge management, therefore, is essential in offering organisations with potential or capability to grow and expand their operations.
This will come with speedy response and increased profitability. According to Watad’s research, businesses that have well-organised and managed data improve customer satisfaction and minimise IT costs, thus increasing revenue and improving operational efficiency (7).
This enables organisations to serve their clients better and retain most of them. Consequently, stakeholders will support the implementation of a new project that tends to address clients’ needs and increase customers’ satisfaction.
KM helps in adding value to information that a firm already holds and influence human resource to enhance performance in the organisation. Knowledge acquisition reduces organisational resistance as it ensures efficiency in using resources and effectiveness of a firm.
In setting up a platform that is ready to accept new ideas, firms must be able to create and apply new knowledge in order to bring new ways of behaving in the organisation.
For instance, in implementing IT in an organisation, managers have to educate employees on the importance of tools like e-mails, bulletin boards, and video conferences.
In IT-enabled innovations, system thinking coupled with information and knowledge management put a company above others when implementing such projects. Tacit Knowledge (TK) is crucial in a workplace since it promotes sharing of ideas among stakeholders.
With the current employee diversity in terms of demographics, sharing of information is essential in creating awareness on the need to inculcate recent technological developments in the management process (Macdonald 20).
Organisations with strong KM experiences less resistance in case they introduce and implement a project.
Content of the Learning Sessions The process of educating or training stakeholders as a way of altering the culture of an organisation to accept implementation of a project should take place in a well-coordinated manner in order to facilitate successful delivery of innovation management outcomes.
The plan should capture the cultural issues of an organisation, as this helps capture the true picture of the resistance. Afterwards, employees will join the change process with less or no resistance.
When a training process analyses the historical aspects of a firm, the delivered content does not become subjective in criticising the culture of the organisation, but objective on the content.
In addition, understanding the opinions employees hold helps in applying an inclusive learning approach that easily alters the perceptions of employees on change and innovation processes.
Training makes employees become diverse in their thinking instead of having fixed minds on the given issues.
Resistance to changes or implementation of new ideas reduces if an organisation hires a flexible management team, which reciprocates by instilling the spirit of dynamism and flexibility in employees.
The training process develops a framework that makes an organisation ready to implement a new programme at any time.
Research and Development Companies that set a culture of dynamism are less likely to meet resistance during project implementation phase (Anderson 6). As a result, organisations are to promote research and development as it sets a learning culture within the firm.
Such firms are always ready for any change, and, in the process, make employees receive and implement new ideas. Therefore, research and development play a significant role in facilitating implementation of innovative concepts.
Companies that do not invest in research and development rely on new ideas that their competitors discover. In the end, they lose competitive advantage among their competitors in the market, given that they play catch-up tactics in the operations.
Research and development prepare organisation to accept and apply new ideas that can be beneficial to the market (Anderson 10).
From the aspect of research and development, managers have to work with all staff and the innovation team in identifying good ideas and developing products that will create positive impact on the entire market.
Proper coordination of each stage requires effective management in order to help a great idea reaches to increase its potential. The management process requires establishing policies and procedures that the innovative team follow during implementation of concepts.
Developing workable plans as well as implementation processes are crucial in realising success of a project.
Organisations should create innovation culture so that the environment and people can offer required foundation for occurrence of innovation. Innovative organisations have been able to sustain their innovation levels.
For instance, the Coca-Cola Company has enticed consumers by introducing the Coca Cola Free Style machine that helps consumers mix and produces its own beverage of different flavours (Bhatti par. 5).
This innovative idea has made it difficult for competitors like the Pepsi Company match the levels of this company. This strategy, coupled with the differentiation strategy, will continue making the company profitable even if several beverage companies enter the market.
Therefore, the management at the Coca-Cola Company has been able to instil innovative culture in the entire staff successfully, thus creating experiencing less resistance in implementing such new projects (Bhatti par. 7).
Conclusion and Recommendations Innovation management is necessary in successful implementation of key projects in all organisations. Due to rigid culture, challenges of organisational resistance can put a company at a disadvantaged position in the current global and dynamic market.
Dynamism within an organisation should start from the executive down to the employees, and not in the reverse manner.
This form of resistance has been a major challenge in most firms, given the differences in age between the ambitious young employees and the old senior management staffs who desire to maintain the status quo.
Corporations have been engaging in management overhaul to absorb pro-change executives. KM, organisational learning, and information management have been applicable in altering the cultures of most organisation and the mind-sets of many employees.
These approaches should encompass innovation management practices in their contents as well as the market dynamics that necessitate the need for new ideas, which can be of great help to organisation sustainability.
Even though the discussed measures cannot completely remove resistance to implementation of projects, they assist in creating stakeholders’ awareness, which is extremely vital in minimising huge resistance.
In addition, these programmes ought to inculcate the view of a global market in their analysis as a way of minimising resistance that can emanate from stakeholders.
Works Cited Anderson, Donald. Cases and Exercises in Organization Development
Monetary Policy and Impact on Economic Stabilization Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction Countries, like businesses, control their economic positions to maintain a healthy economic stance regarding their financial resources.
Often, the nations establish their respective central banks that act as the finance department in the country to regulate both the money, as well as the credit system.
The central banks use varied policy tools, including bank reserves, federal funds market, open market operations, discount rates, and foreign currency operations, to achieve their objectives of maximum employment and stable price levels, among other goals (Rose
Alternative Energy Sources for Saving Planet Research Paper essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Understanding the issue of alternative energy
Pros and cons of alternative energy
The present and future of nuclear energy
Introduction The heated debate about the dangerous effects that come from the continued use of fossil fuels as the main sources of energy has resulted in a number of recommendations (Kowalski 5). Among the recommendations is the suggestion for other sources of energy, instead of the fossil fuels.
These are known as alternative energy sources. As of today, a lot of resources are being diverted to projects and programs that aim at popularizing alternative energy sources not only at household level, but also at the industrial level.
However, the most important question when it comes to the different forms of renewable energy that have been devised concerns the sustainability of these forms of energy in terms of the quantity and minimal impacts on the environment.
This paper argues that the alternative forms of energy seem not to offer a perfect solution to the demands of energy in the contemporary world. The paper explores alternative energy.
It also focuses on the pros and cons, as well as the contemporary and future developments concerning the subject of alternative energy.
Understanding the issue of alternative energy It is common to hear a lot of people mention the topic of alternative energy when it comes to the issue of sustainable development. Alternative energy sources are sources of energy that are different from fossil fuels. For a long time, fossil fuels have been highly deployed in the production of energy.
However, concerns have been raised about the level of pollution in the environment that is caused by the increased emission of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide, which harm the environment. Greenhouse gases are broadly classified into two.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These are chlorofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (Metz 165). A larger percentage of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are emitted from the burning of fossil fuels.
It is important to note that the subject of sustainable development brings into picture the realities about the dangers of continued use of non-renewable forms of energy, the most common being fossil fuels.
Therefore, most people agree with the argument that it is important to tap energy from alternative sources. Different from the non-renewable forms of energy, most of the alternative sources of energy are renewable. This is an aspect that embraces sustainability.
Common alternative energy sources include hydroelectric energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, biomass energy, and nuclear energy.
However, Hore-Lacy and Hore-Lacy (7) observe that there is a volatile discussion about the efficient development and use of nuclear energy to generate power. The debate emanates from the politicisation of nuclear energy.
Research shows that billions of dollars have already been pumped into different projects as part of the global initiative of minimizing the use of non-renewable forms of energy, while ensuring that the energy production meets the energy demand.
In this sense, it is important to mention that the index of industrial growth globally is quite high. This indicates the increased demand for energy.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Alternative Energy Sources for Saving Planet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, the most critical question that needs to be answered at this juncture concerns the ability of people to balance between reduction in the consumption of non-renewable energy and the introduction and use of alternative energy (Ravilious 21).
Pros and cons of alternative energy As observed earlier, alternative energy is the form of energy that is free from the substances that pollute the environment. More often than not, people refer to the substances as greenhouse gases.
These gases that originate from the non-renewable forms of energy are responsible for the pollution of the environment. They include carbon dioxide, chlorinated fluorocarbons, nitrogen dioxide, methane, and sulphur hexafluoride.
One of the advantages of alternative energy is that it is clean because it does not release the pollutant gases into the environment.
The use of alternative forms of energy as opposed to the use of non-renewable energy results in a significant reduction in the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Balat and Kırtay (7146) observe that the gasification of biomass offers an efficient and economic alternative route to the production of one of the most desirable energy; that is, renewable hydrogen.
Levin (50) observes that one of the advantages of most forms of alternative energy is that they can be recycled. Therefore, it is possible to continue getting significant amounts of energy from the same sources when funding is adequate.
The issue of recycling is important now that a lot of environmentalists show concern about the issue of the depletion of natural resources. This goes hand in hand with the issue of cost.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Alternative Energy Sources for Saving Planet by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More From the outset of things, the costs of establishing alternative energy systems may be high, but the benefits are worthwhile in the long run.
While alternative energy generation receives a lot of support from stakeholders across the board, fears and concerns are also raised about the possible risks associated with different forms of alternative energy.
Moura, Barbosa, and Costa (33) ascertain that there are a number of hazards that are associated with the wind turbines that are used to generate wind energy. It is, therefore, important to observe that the continuous supply of most of the alternative forms of energy depends on nature.
Examples are the wind, hydro-generated electricity, and solar energy.
Picturing this from the perspective of demand and supply of energy, most commentators argue that alternative energy only serves the role of supplementing the non-renewable forms of energy because the quantities of energy generated based on the changes in nature cannot sustain the energy demand.
This means that some forms of alternative energy can only be produced in certain regions where the natural conditions are favourable (Belsie 1).
According to Yuanan and Hefa (3044-3045), alternative forms of energy require people who desire to use them to acquire high levels of technical knowledge, as well as the development of technical systems that support the functioning of the systems.
Taking the example of solar, biomass, and nuclear energy, nuclear plants and solar energy panels have to be in place for the energy to be generated.
It is quite expensive to set up and maintain nuclear plants because it requires a high level of technical competence to manage the plants effectively.
Moreover, such a form of energy is potentially hazardous in case of internally and externally derived risks and uncertainties (Yılmaz and Selim 420-421).
The present and future of nuclear energy It is apparent that zeroing down the production of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere requires an increase in the development and deployment of alternative forms of energy.
However, a lot of developments that happen in the energy industry point to the lack of complete objectivity when it comes to the exploitation of alternative energy sources.
One of the issues that come up here is that the nuclear energy, which is a non-renewable energy source and has the potential of boosting the supply of energy, is subjected to debate.
It is critical to observe that most of the issues raised about the development and use of nuclear energy as an alternative energy form are hefty.
While nuclear energy is the best option in terms of the supply of a large number of alternative energy units, such energy can be equally lethal to the living creatures when it comes to managing the production of the energy (Schiffman 360).
Quatro and Sims (169) note that the use of nuclear energy presents an ethical dilemma that revolves around the possible commercialization of nuclear energy and the dangers that are associated with poor handling and use of this form of energy.
It can be argued that that the fears over the authorization of the development and use of this form of energy are justifiable in the sense that this nuclear energy has proven to be harmful if not handled cautiously.
Examples include the Chernobyl disaster and the recent earthquake in Japan that saw the discharge of radioactive substances into the atmosphere, thereby posing a danger to life. The technical aspects of handling nuclear energy are real.
These aspects are likely to dominate the issue of alternative energy as governments continue to seek for means of increasing the consumption of alternative energy and reducing the consumption of forms of energy that are non-renewable (“Government and Nuclear Energy” 65).
In their research on the future of nuclear energy, Elena et al. (61) observed that there is a need to deliberate on the possibility of reducing the health impacts of nuclear energy. Most of the health concerns revolve around the release of radioactive substances that harm life.
However, this possibility can only become a reality if all the players embrace objectivity. This means that the debate on nuclear energy should focus on the enhancement of the capacity of nations to develop and use nuclear power.
It is possible to boost the supply of alternative energy supply through supporting other countries to develop their potential to generate large volumes of nuclear energy (Araj, Fahmy and Sompon 14-15).
It can be noted that the demand for oil, which is the leading source of energy, continues to rise even as people focus on alternative energy.
However, most countries continue to embrace diversity in terms of sustainable energy supply, a factor that points to the continued development of alternative energy generation. Here, two questions come into the minds of environmental commentators.
The first question concerns the availability of oil, while the second question revolves around the ease of use and cost of oil (Maczulak 5-6). It is obvious that the demand for energy continues to rise as industrial development and the consumerism culture continue to dominate the globe.
The implication here is that the new forms of energy cannot help in meeting the demand for energy (Belsie 1). Moreover, alternative energy sources are not readily available and accessible to people.
This leaves people with the option of non-renewable forms of energy that are readily available, even though they are expensive and destructive to the environment in the long run (de Oliveira, Carlos and Devezas 764).
Another critical thing that is bound to dominate the subject of alternative energy is the possibility of minimizing the risks that are associated with the development and use of these energy forms (Moura, Barbosa, and Costa 34).
Conclusion From the research conducted in the paper, it can be concluded that most people agree with the fact that alternative energy is desirable in combating environmental pollution.
However, it is apparent that the amount of such energy is still far much low in the contemporary economy due to the challenges that are associated with the production and use of large volumes of alternative energy.
Future research needs to focus on the modalities of subsidising alternative energy production to increase the volumes of such energy, thereby replacing non-renewable energy.
Works Cited Araj, Kamal J., Nabil Fahmy, and Chongkum Sompon. “Why Go Nuclear?” Bulletin of The Atomic Scientists 64.4 (2008): 14-19. Print.
Balat, Havva, and Elif Kırtay. “Hydrogen From Biomass – Present Scenario And Future Prospects.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 35.14 (2010): 7416-7426. Print.
Belsie, Laurent. “Is The Boom Over For Alternative Energy — Or Just Getting Started?” Christian Science Monitor 14 Apr. 2008: 13 . Web.
de Oliveira Matias, João Carlos, and Tessaleno Campos Devezas. “Consumption Dynamics Of Primary-Energy Sources: The Century Of Alternative Energies.” Applied Energy 84.7/8 (2007): 763-770. Print.
Elena, Bobric, Bucur Cristina, Popescu Ion and Simionov Vasile. “Nuclear Power Generation Alternative For A Clean Energy Future.” Progress Of Cryogenics
Supporting Learning and Leadership with Technology Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The world has come to embrace technology, and learning institutions are currently finding it very important to use this technology to support learning and leadership.
For this reason, many learning institutions have been making an effort to integrate the use of technology into their system (Spiro, 2011). This research seeks to redesign the approach that can be taken in implementing technology in learning and leadership process in a school setting.
The focus is on a higher learning institution with a school of computing and informatics.
The school has an intake of about 60-80 students per year, and as the head of ICT department, I have the responsibility of ensuring that this institution develops an appropriate program that can be used to support learning and leadership with the use of technology.
Given the fact that the school has about twenty teachers, and six technologists, it is in a prime position to implement this strategy.
The Instructional Design Principle that would be used in this case is based on ADDIE Model. The choice of this model is based on its popularity in this field, and ease of implementation.
The first stage when using this theory is to analyze the needs. This would involve determination of current organizational needs at this institution and performance gaps (Barone
Public administration in theory Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The late 1990s and early 2000s are characterized by attention to holistic approach. Public administration theorists noted that it was crucial to analyze a variety of aspects to be able to come up with effective strategies to make the government effective.
Notably, lots of theorists provided specific strategies which could be employed by politicians and public administrators as well as educators. It is possible to single out two major directions theorists moved, i.e. ethics and structural improvements.
Ethics In the first place, it is necessary to note that the majority of theorists addressed issues related to ethics, but some of them paid special attention to this aspect.
For instance, Lewis stressed that unethical behavior among public administrators will increase in the future due to creation of new groups with certain interests (Shafritz
The Effect of Technological Advancements of Management Practices Proposal best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Contributions of Don Tapscott to Manufacturing Productivity
Literature Review of Published Work by Don Tapscott
Introduction Technology and innovation are two hybrid components, which while embraced by manufacturing firms, can help to drive their productivity. Fundamentally, innovation means the introduction of something new, especially in a business setting. Innovation takes place when “new products or services are introduced and successfully commercialised” (Tidd
Rural–urban migration and youth in Bhutan Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Background: Rural-urban migration and youth in Bhutan Rural-urban migration is a universal concern across the globe. Just like other nations, Bhutan is experiencing mass movement of people, especially youths from rural to urban areas. The bulk of Bhutan’s population is composed of the youth. Actually, more than half of Bhutan population is aged below 25 years.
Due to the increasing youth population, the government faces a challenge of ensuring equilibrium between contemporary beliefs and modernity. Bhutan is experiencing massive changes in its personnel due to rural-urban migration. In addition, the mass movement of people to urban areas has led to unemployment and poverty in urban centers.
According to the 2012 labor survey, over 0.7% of the rural populace migrated to towns. Further, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization showed that about 33% of Bhutan populace is in deficiency of food safety. The poverty analysis report (2007) exhibited that approximately one-third of the rural populace is poor compared to 2% in the urban areas.
Over the last fifty years, Bhutan has experienced rapid growth of its urban areas due to mass movement of populace from the countryside to urban areas. This trend is a major public concern to the state and the government has experienced a number of obstacles in tackling the challenge of rural-urban migration (Rinzin et al., 2005). A number of factors have been proposed in explaining the trend (Yeung, 2005).
Bhutan’s urban populace augments at a yearly rate of 6.5 percent. The prolonged rural-urban inclination is expected to grow four-fold in the coming twenty years, among which a significant proportion are youth. Studies contend that increased need for education by youth has been a significant factor in influencing the movement of people to towns as well as the growth of urban settlements within Bhutan (Kasarda, 2001).
Rural-urban migration has affected negatively on the development of the rural economy. For instance, a number of youths who migrate to urban centers deprive the rural economy of productive labor that is a significant factor of production leading low agricultural performance and high production costs (Kasarda, 2001).
The movement of youths to towns can also be attributed to Bhutan landscape that ranges from subtropical plains to sub-alpine Himalayan Mountains as well as rugged geographical terrains making farming difficult.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the Human Development Report (2009), Bhutan accounts for the highest rate of rural-urban migration in South Asia. The government acknowledged the positive impact of the trend since it alleviated the pressure on agricultural land that only composes approximately 9% of nation’s overall area.
However, with steady increase in rural-urban migration over the last fifty years, diverse views have been devised to address the issue. For instance, mitigation of rural-urban migration involves the investment of explicit initiatives such as linking rural development with tourism as well as encouraging youths to go back to the villages and help in the transformation of the economic landscape through farming.
The National Statistical Bureau Report (2005) showed that majority of youths migrate to urban centers to pursue employment prospects as well as better education. Further, the increased inclination of the youth towards moving to urban areas arises from the challenges that the youth face in rural areas such as poor health facilities, unemployment, poor living standards as well as poor lifestyles (Kasarda, 2001).
However, in moving to cities, youth encounter a number of challenges including discrimination, unwelcoming communities, financial deficiencies, lack of parental guidance and harassment. According to Zurick (2006), sexual exploitation, as well as emotional and psychological trauma, poses serious concerns for the youth.
Factors for rural-urban migration in Bhutan Education
The need for education by the youth has been identified as a major concern contributing to mass rural-urban migration in Bhutan. Due to an inadequate number of secondary and tertiary institutions in rural areas, a large population of youth move to urban centers to pursue educational needs (Frame, 2005).
In essence, education is significant in the acquisition of skills and training that provide a path for the youth to develop their skills leading to securing of jobs in the industries and factories. In fact, a number of youths in the urban vicinities of Bhutan attend training school offering computer, technology and construction courses, thereby increasing their chances of being employed.
Lack of social amenities and facilities in the village
Yeung (2005) asserts that the pace of rural-urban migration in Bhutan is a serious anxiety for the government, owing to its implication on the socio-economic aspects. Several factors play significant roles in encouraging mass movement of populace to urban centers.
We will write a custom Essay on Rural–urban migration and youth in Bhutan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Firstly, developments experienced in infrastructure in terms of hospitals, housing, road connectivity and transportation facilities continue to encourage mass movement of populace from rural to urban areas (Radcliffe, 2006). In fact, the UNDP’s human development report (2009) found Bhutan forms the bulk of annual rate of urban migration in South Asia at above five percent.
Family issues have been a major factor contributing to rural-urban migration. For instance, families move to cities due to job transfers. In addition, marriages in cities have influenced urban migration. Moreover, relocation desires by family members to settle in urban areas to escape monotony and poverty has shown an increasing trend over the recent past (Radcliffe, 2006).
Poverty is a major concern for the general Bhutan population accounting for over thirty percent. Over ninety percent of the population in Bhutan resides in the rural areas.
Further, the country’s topography is mainly composed of mountains and valleys, which constrain the prospects of producing food as well as the generation of cash proceeds. Moreover, the rugged terrain leads to deficiency in accessing good quality land resources and diminishes the prospective irrigation facilities (Radcliffe, 2006).
In addition, the rural populace is faced with scarce external inputs and services together with low farm expertise. Therefore, many people have no option but to move to urban areas to search for better livelihoods. Further, Bhutan is characterized with natural catastrophes, including landslides that increase the cost of goods.
Employment prospects and new experiences
Since the bulk of jobs in the rural vicinities of Bhutan are majorly agricultural-oriented, many youths are moving to the cities in search of white-collar jobs. As such, farming activities in the rural neighborhoods compel the youth and other members of the society to move to urban areas in search for employment prospects (Rinzin et al., 2005).
Moreover, a number of people move to towns to fulfill their spirits of adventure and experiences. Through migrating to the urban locations, the people are presented with diverse prospects of arts, living standards, foods as well as leisure activities.
The high population in the rural areas is a major aspect contributing to rural-urban migration. The large percentage of youth (15-24) in Bhutan accounting for over 22% continues to rise steadily. The implications of the rise in the rural areas include poor provision of education services, poor health amenities and unemployment (Frame, 2005).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Rural–urban migration and youth in Bhutan by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The factors put pressure on the youth to move to urban centers to look for better services. Further, the increase in the rural youth population increases the pressure on the need to acquire secondary and tertiary levels of education.
However, the pressure results in deficiency of space as well as teachers prompting many people to move to urban vicinities to gain education services.
Impacts of rural-urban migration in Bhutan Swelling of urban populace
A larger percentage of Bhutan population resides in the rural vicinities accounting for approximately seventy percent. However, over the recent past, the tempo of urbanization has been alarming.
According to the Bhutan Nation Urbanization Strategy 2008, the urban populace has significantly increased over the last decade (1994-2005) by over 100%. The increase in the urban population presents twice the growth of the national population experienced in the same decade (Rizal, 2002).
The rapid growth of population in urban areas comes with its disadvantages. For instance, the unprecedented growth strains the exploitation of the urban services leading to propagation of shanties, inadequate medical facilities, and inadequate drinking water.
Further, the increasing urban population, rates of unemployment, environmental problems including and poor sewerage systems are common in the cities of Thimphu and Phuentsholing.
Land dilapidation and pollution
Bhutan continues to face a serious concern of land dilapidation resulting from human activities as well as innate occurrences such as landslides and floods. In fact, the increasing youth population in the urban centers in search of employment prospects in the industries wields pressure on the ecological and the innate resources in the town vicinities.
For instance, there has been escalating encroachment to forestlands as the populace numbers swell in towns leading to internal biophysical and chemical corrosion (Potter et al., 2004). Further, the increasing populace of the youth in the urban neighborhoods contributes to the emergence of new industries. The industries, in turn, release dangerous emissions into the atmosphere, posing dangerous health concerns to the urban society.
Actually, Bhutan cities continue to record an augmenting inclination of respiratory ailments among its urban populace. Further, the escalation of land fragmentation has increased the deficiency of economies of scales among the youth, thereby blighting their prospects of attaining self-reliance.
Increasing health concerns and social crimes among the youth
The prevalence of early marriages, teenage pregnancies as well as sexually transmitted diseases have been on the increase among the youth in urban cities (Kasarda, 2001). Most importantly, increasing trends in HIV/AIDS infection prevalence have been realized over the past among the youth in Bhutan towns.
Further, due to the increase in the dominance of the HIV/AIDS scourge in the international arena and the neighboring states of Bhutan, the predominance of the virus is expected to increase. Moreover, the increasing rates of unemployment in the urban centers has prompted a number of youths to engage in acts of prostitution thereby posing their lives to the danger of acquiring HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Increased cases of substance abuse by the youth in the urban vicinities of Bhutan also contribute to the predominance of the malady.
For example, the statistical yearbook 2007 reported that crime occurrences related to drugs and narcotics tripled within four years jumping from twenty cases in the year two thousand and one to sixty-five cases in the year two thousand and five. Additionally, unsafe abortions have been on the rise among the urban youths leading higher maternal deaths.
Increasing unemployment rates among the youth in urban centers
Unemployment levels have been on the increase within the urban vicinities of Bhutan. In other words, the large number of people from the villages has created pressure on the available job prospects, waste disposal systems, as well as housing (Zurick, 2006). As a result, many people compete for the inadequate number of jobs rendering a higher percentage of the populace unemployed.
Government initiatives to curb rural-urban migration The royal government of Bhutan has made remarkable steps to counter the menace of rural-urban migration. First, the government recognizes the constrictions that the increasing urban populaces pose to the resource limits in the towns.
To stem out the increasing rate of rural-urban migration, the production-access-market policy has played significant role in improving living standards within the countryside neighborhoods (Rizal, 2002). In essence, the policy tries to get better rural education systems as well as introduction of market-receptive crops.
Additionally, the initiative aims at improving the access to local road networks, thereby enhancing living standards and retention of larger proportion of populace in the rural areas. Improving the education facilities in the local areas prevents many youths from moving to urban centers since education is the major factor contributing to rural-urban migration among the youth.
The policy also attempts to eliminate factors that encourage movement of families into urban areas through promoting the development of urban centers in vicinities with large number of people as well as commercially feasible areas (Frame, 2005). Further, the government has made tremendous steps in expanding and relocating the rural neighborhoods into new local towns, thereby absorbing the large populace moving to towns.
For instance, the development of Khuruthang town, a commercial and education hub is a success of the initiative. In fact, the center has been significant in absorbing migrants from rural vicinities (Frame, 2005).
Bhutan’s national urbanization strategy has also been invaluable in stemming out the increasing number of youths in urban areas. The policy focuses on improving the well-being of poor rural populace as well as maintaining the sustainability of the ecology.
Further, through the construction of roads in different parts of the country, linkages between different areas of Bhutan have been efficient leading to development of new urban centers (Frame, 2005).
The government has increased awareness among the members of the public on the effects of population growth. Actually, the government has disseminated data related to population growth implications to the citizens through publications as well as electronic media channels.
In addition, the government has increased its focus on the provision of accessible education services and reproductive health services to the youth in both urban and rural vicinities preventing mass movements to urban areas (Frame, 2005).
The creation of an enabling environment where the rural populaces have access to financial and investment opportunities has proven invaluable in containing rural-urban migration. In fact, there have been increased systems that have tremendously expanded employment and benefits to the rural fraternity slowing down the rate of rural-urban migration.
The dynamism experienced in the global fraternity has forced the government to provide solutions to the problems affecting youths and keep them posted on the contemporary issues in the society. A large proportion of Bhutan youths abuse drugs such as marijuana and inhalants as well as alcohol.
The porous frontier of India and Bhutan has increased rates of drug trafficking among youths. The government is addressing the concern of drug abuse through the establishment of treatment and rehabilitation centers. For instance, the youth development fund supports several one drop-in centers.
Education is a major aspect influencing the migration of youth to urban centers. The Bhutanese government is tackling this concern through a number of initiatives. For instance, the government is posting more graduates in the rural education facilities. Further, the government also encourages the media coverage on challenges experienced in urban areas to bring out clearly the real picture of turban environment.
The escalating joblessness in urban centers has occasioned a number of youths to engage in petty crimes and prostitution. However, the Bhutan Foundation has played major roles in countering such concerns. The foundation engages the youth through offering scholarships and education prospects, promotion of sports, music and arts as well as employment opportunities.
The royal government of Bhutan also continues to focus on improving vocational education among the youth in the rural areas through expansion of science, information technology as well as crafts (Rinzin et al., 2005). In addition, strengthening of the training institutions’ capacities in the rural population has proven significant in the prevention of further migrations to the urban centers.
Unemployment among the youth has been found to be one of the major factors contributing to rural-urban migration (Rinzin et al., 2005). As such, the government has focused on a number of initiatives to reduce unemployment as a way of curbing rural-urban movement. For instance, the government is diversifying job prospects across the country.
The development of coordinated and planned urban expansion systems that are equivalent to the rate of migration has been invaluable (Rinzin et al., 2005). Further, the government has been encouraging regional equality through provision of quality services and employment prospects across the country.
Through the establishment of the rural livelihoods funds, the government has been able to mitigate rural-urban migration by initiating programs that improve rural revenue and livelihoods through agricultural development (Frame, 2005).
In fact, the program has realized massive achievements concerning poverty alleviation through the construction of revenue-generating enterprises in the rural areas such as Lamtang and Pam-Chaibi, among others.
References Frame, B. 2005. “Bhutan: a review of its approach to sustainable development,” Development Practice, vol.15 no.2, pp.216-221.
Kasarda, JD 2001, “Third world urbanization: dimensions, theories, and determinants,” Annual Review of Sociology, vol.17 no.3, pp.467-501.
Potter, RT, Elliott, BJ
The Boston Beer Company Case Study cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Samuel Adams – the Boston Beer Company
Structure and Control System of Samuel Adams
Introduction The case study on Samuel Adams, the Boston Beer Company, has been developed using information from the company’s annual reports, the website, and articles from mass media.
The case presents a background of the company, and then shows the present problems faced by the company and how they are related to the centralized hierarchical structure. Further, the case study will attempt to understand if such a structure is affecting the company’s performance and strategy.
Samuel Adams – the Boston Beer Company The company under consideration is one of the largest brewers of handcrafted beer in America . The founder of the company Jim Koch maintains the traditional method of brewing which makes the company distinct in style. It brews 30 different styles of beer and has won numerous prizes.
The beer brewing industry has undergone considerable changes over the last several years. The Boston Beer Company is a leader in the better beer segment in the US and sells almost 18 percent of the beer in the country’s field . It also covers 1.3 percent of the overall sales in the American beer market .
Since its inception in 1984 the Boston Beer Company has been micromanaged by the founder Jim Koch who went bar-to-bar to promote Samuel Adams beer as well as appear in TV ads for the product in order to convince customers to purchase it.
Though many believe that Koch was a brilliant marketer, but the fear of an entrepreneur to micro-manage the company was evident in the operations and the strategy making of Samuel Adams. However, the Boston Beer Company went public in 1995, but the top-down approach of making strategy in the company remained with Koch leading the centralized decision-making process.
The next section shows how the strategy has been affected by the structure and control system of the company. Further, an analysis of the income statement of the company over the last three years shows that the net income of the company has fallen from 2011 to 2012 from $66,059 to $59,467 .
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Structure and Control System of Samuel Adams The BBC breweries have around 900 employees in Boston, Pennsylvania, and Cincinnati. The risk the company faces presently is the expansion of the market both in domestic and international markets. This results in no assured growth of the company making its future uncertain.
In addition, the company has increased its brands and products offering at the risk of eroding the sales of its already existing products. There is also a risk of the company owned breweries not to meet production target in future. Such problems that are impending on the company show that there are certain inherent challenges within the company that must be addressed immediately to remove the coming risks .
The first factor that we will consider in analyzing the internal problem of the Boston Beer Company is its structure. The organization’s control system is unpredictable, which has affected its stock prices. The company endeavors to make substantial expenses in marketing and promotional activities to promote its brand.
However, these expenditures have not resulted in higher sales in case of BBC. The increased expenditure in this sector has led to higher expenditures but sales have not picked up as expected. This has adversely affected the income amounts of the company.
It should be noted that the Boston Beer Company changed its strategy since 2008. Before 2008, it had employed a production-oriented strategy, which included that the company owned breweries worked in close coordination with the third party breweries that worked for the company.
The arrangement with the third party brewers allowed the Boston Beer Company to utilize excess capacity that gave the company flexibility to maintain full control over the brewing process, which its competitors could not. Nevertheless, since 2008 the company has acquired all the other third party breweries, increasing the company owned breweries’ production from 35 percent to 100 percent of its sales.
Though the management believes that this increased control over the production process will give them an edge over their competitors, it should be considered that such production complexities has led to “operation inefficiencies and control deficiencies” .
We will write a custom Case Study on The Boston Beer Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Such inefficiencies may have a negative effect on the company’s business. Moreover, this may affect the growth of the company and its performance as changes in its operations would lead to increased capital investments and increased complexities.
Another problem that the company faces is its dependence on distributors. Changes in the control of the company’s ownership in the distributorship network could hamper the distribution channel.
The CEO heads the company and the management include the CEO (Chief Executive Officer) and the CFO (Chief Financial Officer). The company structure of the executive body is presented below.
Figure 1: Structure Strategy, Structure and Control System
The structure and control system that the company utilizes to implement its strategy is highly centralized. The control system is becoming more and more centralized as the company has aimed at gaining complete control over all its breweries. This move is carried out by putting the production process under direct control of the CEO of the Boston Beer Company.
Further, the organization’s structure, as presented in Figure 1, shows that the CEO and the President of the company directly control the whole functioning process. The operations and the sales are under the supervision of the CEO and the CFO. Now, any of the operations of the breweries for any particular label are managed by the VP operations and the VP sales.
This demonstrates the degree of centralization in the operations and control of the company. Such increased supervision over the production and marketing processes is helpful when the company operates in a small market. However, when expansion is a strategy that the organization aims to employ, such a structure may become a hindrance.
It is caused by the fact that it operates on the basis of micromanagement, which is not possible in case of a larger company. Instead, it must be outlined that the company should operate with less centralization.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Boston Beer Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hierarchical Structure The structure of the company is hierarchical in nature, which enables the company management to have close control over the financial and operational processes of the company. However, the centralized structure of the company deterred its operations. Further, the hierarchical structure prevented the Boston Beer Company from expanding its operations.
The control structure and centralized structure adversely affected the performance of the organization. Hence, it can be said that the company needs to decentralize its operations to help expand its operations scale and gain a greater market.
The Boston Beer Company not only continues to succeed in their niche market but also thrives as a miracle. The article drills into the industry and the company’s evolvement, and discovers the secrets that make the company sustainable in three aspects: culture revolution, marketplace innovation, and operational innovation.
Works Cited Coffey, Brendan. “How Boston Beer’s founder became a billionaire.” 16 September 2013. The Boston Globe. Web.
Samuel Adams. The Boston Bear Compny. 11 October 2013. Web.
The Beer Company. Annual Report 2012. 2012. Web.
US Securities and Exchange Commission. The Bostoon Beer Company FORM 10-K. 2012. Web.
Yahoo Finance. The Boston Beer Compnay. 2013. Web.