In the article “I need a wife”, Judy Brady employs impersonation to present her main themes. She pauses as a male speaker and elaborates the societal expectations of being a wife. She highlights the various challenges faced by women in their marital relations.
As a wife and a mother, she uses her finer understanding of feminine obligations and extra responsibilities to continually point out cases of domestic gender bias and how they weigh down on women throughout the article. She reveals how wives are denied basic their privileges and left with the sole responsibility of managing their families. They are also expected to make sacrifices for their husbands simply because they are women and married (Brady, 1971).
The persona yearns for a wife because his divorced friend no longer bears the burden of bringing up children, especially after divorcing the wife since his only child is with the ex-wife. It is clear that the whole responsibility of taking care of the children and their upkeep is considered the wife’s work. The author further expounds on this when he enumerates some of the tasks that he will relinquish once married such as; taking care of the children’s medical care, attending to the children’s school needs, hygiene care and entertainment.
The author captures the reader’s attention when the persona expects to go back to school at the wife’s financial expense and calls this a small cut on the wife’s pay. After finishing his education, the persona expects financial independence with which he does not plan to support the same wife, but other dependents yet it is the wife’s money that paid his fees.
The persona cannot afford to miss class taking care of the children the wife is the one supposed to attend to the children. Here, wives are depicted as objects used by men to attain financial and social freedom (Brady, 1971).
The persona also wants a wife for a homestead manager and a sex object. This is evident on page 2 “A wife to keep the house tidy, attend to his visitors and not to necessarily accompany the husband out but rather remain in her area of jurisdiction”. This beats the major reason for marriage, which is companionship.
Therefore, a wife should allow the husband to be promiscuous while remaining faithful to the husband. This is a perfect definition of a house manager and is unacceptable since two married individuals should be partners. The persona wants a wife to be an object to meet personal sexual needs whenever the need arises, regardless of the wife’s opinion and moreover, she is expected to do it satisfactorily. These aside, it is also upon the wife to take birth control measures since the persona does not need more children (Brady, 1971).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hence, in this case, the wise is viewed as a sex toy to be used at will and to take care of anything that results from the same engagement. The persona is free to mingle with other people while his wife is confined in the house to uphold monogamy and faithfulness to the husband. The author tries to explore how women are deprived of their own social freedom and made to be mere objects of pleasure, when in real sense they should be equal partners in the matrimonial union.
The author draws the attention of the reader through the words of the persona towards the end of the article. After explaining the reasons why he needs a wife, the persona wishes what the current wife would never like to hear, that is, the persona wants to replace the current wife with one bearing the above stated qualities because, just like the friend aforementioned, the current wife will take the children along with her.
The persona is not even willing to hear the wife’s opinion but is ready to replace her. This will give the persona a chance to make a new start in life with the new wife. A wife is expected to give up her job since the persona is now working. According to the persona, it is the wife’s responsibility to take care of children’s upkeep in case of a divorce thus a means of evading responsibilities.
Thus, women are expected to be submissive to their husbands and to always take up orders without compromising or whatsoever. Hence, the survival, sustenance and continuation of the marriage wholly lie on the husband’s mercy (Brady, 1971).
Judy Brady directly targets a society full of male dominance and has little regard for wives. The persona addresses an audience full of conservatives and people obsessed with male chauvinism and ego as justified by the persona’s friend. Consequently, this awakens the urge in the persona to try and be free from family responsibilities.
In the current generation, the article would be received with lots of mixed reaction, a large section being against the wishes of the article’s persona. For instance, no wife in the current society will be submissive to the standard required by the persona in the article. Marriage is considered a matrimonial union comprised of equal partners who equally contribute to sustain the same union. It will not go down well with most people that the man should be there to take the supervisor’s role, drafting tasks to be undertaken by the wife (Brady, 1971).
A society where each person is entitled to individual freedom, no wife will accept to be confined in the house and cater for children’s needs alone, finance the husband’s education and later give up her professional appointment just because the husband dictates.
We will write a custom Essay on Why I Want a Wife specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In our society today, people may divorce due to misunderstandings and other marital issues but not because one spouse feels like changing to another partner. Generally, the persona’s wishes cannot become reality in today’s society and the qualities of a wife as given in the article may virtually not exist (Brady, 1971).
In summary, the author talks of the plight of women during the period when they were lowly regarded in society. Through the male narrator, the author implies that marriage was solely a man’s concern since it was centered towards men’s self-actualization, financial freedom as well as sexual satisfaction. Thus, a wife is not expected to take up anything else besides children’s welfare and the husband’s comfort. Wives are expected to submit and comply with the demands of their husbands.
The article points out the transition and the struggle for women empowerment ever since it began from a period where wives were purely viewed as house managers and could be changed at the husband’s will, to a modern society where both husband and wife operate in a mutual relationship that values equality. Thus, it is a good article that would help in the quest to establish equitability in marriages and foster mutual interdependence between husband and wife.
Reference Brady, J. (1971). Why I Want a Wife. Web.
Neil Gaiman’s Writing Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Gaiman’s use of Greek Mythology
Influence of fairy and folk tales on Gaiman’s work
Influence of classic English fantasy literature on Gaiman’s work
Influence of pulp fiction on Gaiman’s writing
Introduction Neil Gaiman is an internationally acclaimed English writer with a wide range of comic books, fiction novels, and short stories and children’s books to his name. His literary style has intrigued many readers around the world and as a result, he has won numerous outstanding awards from his literary work.
His writing prowess is attested by the fact that his work has done notably well across several genres of the literary world. This research paper is only interested in his works in the fiction genre and shall consider the novel, Neverwhere and short stories from Smoke and Mirrors. The research paper seeks to identify external literary and cultural influences on Gaiman’s work and establish whether they serve to enrich or bring about a lack of originality in the author’s work.
Gaiman’s use of Greek Mythology Greek mythology has been widely used by many authors from virtually all genres of literature and Gaiman is not an exception. In his novel Neverwhere, Gaiman manages to weave elements of Greek mythology in the plot. He depicts his main character, Richard, as a hero in a completely different style. Extraordinary, heroes are typical of ancient Greek mythology and Gaiman’s depiction of Richard seems to pitch him as one.
He is indeed an extraordinary hero because at first, he is willing to lose his fiancé in his endeavor to assist the injured young woman, Door. Despite living an almost non-bearable life shortly after Door’s departure, when he finally finds her in ‘London below’, he sets aside all his interests and resolves to offer a helping hand. Richard’s heroic nature manifests in the beauty of his character, viz. his steadfast loyalty and kind heart rather in deeds (Schupbach Para.16).
Richard’s fall through the ‘crack’ to ‘London below’ definitely reminds one of mythical tales in which everything is possible. In the London below, the speaking rats, the earls, and the monsters in sewers are further instances of mythology alluded to by Gaiman in this novel. He clutters, “Oh yes. Yes-yes-yes…I know exactly what to do with him” (Gaiman Neverwhere 69). This was the Lord-Rat-Speaker at his first meeting with Richard.
He further depicts the villains in the novel as dangerous assassins who survived the Trojan War, a war that only exists in the depths of the Greek mythology. It is clear at this point that Gaiman, in his effort to portray how dangerous the villains were, brings in the idea of a war that is touted as having been very serious. Therefore, it is evident that Gaiman’s style is one that outsources necessary information to strengthen the images that he creates while writing.
In the short story Chivalry, which is found under the collection, Smoke ad Mirrors, Gaiman alludes to ancient mythology in the form of a phoenix egg that is brought as a present by Galaad to the old woman, Mrs. Whitaker, to convince her to let go of the Holy Grail (Gaiman Smoke and Mirrors 45).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decision to use the mythical bird’s egg in the short story seems to be aimed at showing just how important the Holy Grail was and effort that could be expended in wrestling it out of the old woman’s possession. This effort goes for the apple of life too as it was a fruit that could only come out of a mythical world. Where Galaad gets the gifts from is shrouded in mystery, but eventually, he succeeds in getting the Holy Grail.
Gaiman’s attraction to Greek mythology is further evident in “Nicholas Was…” where he seems to depict Santa Claus in the old man, Nicholas. Based on the short story, the torment that the old man endures while supplying children with Christmas gifts was far much beyond what Prometheus endured while serving his eternal sentence. The fact that he envied Prometheus can only mean that his torment was so much that he would have gladly traded places with Prometheus if given the chance.
Influence of fairy and folk tales on Gaiman’s work Fairy and folk tales have influenced Gaiman’s work as well to a considerable extent. In the novel Neverwhere, Richard’s quest to see the angel to grant him the ability to return home to his normal life is an example. The existence of an angel in London below is a phenomenon that can only be conceived in fairy tales.
Therefore, he combines fairyland possibilities with other styles such as fantasy to deliver a story that remains etched in the minds of his readers for a long time (Smith 25). The overlap of London below with fairyland is again witnessed in Gaiman’s description of the dwarfs, which coexisted with the inhabitants of London below.
In the short stories included in Smoke and Mirrors, the influence of fairy tales is witnessed in ‘Nicholas Was…’ when Gaiman describes the old man so vividly that when he brings in the idea of distributing gifts to sleeping children, it becomes obvious that he is talking about Santa Claus. Though the story is very short, he manages to fit this style and a lot more others into the stories. This aspect confirms fairy tales also influenced the position that Gaiman’s writings to some reasonable degree.
Influence of classic English fantasy literature on Gaiman’s work Gaiman heavily employs classic English fantasy in the novel Neverwhere, which generally falls under the category of urban fantasy novel. The moment Richard descends to London below, the novel shifts from being a normal work of fiction to a fantasy novel.
To begin with, the vivid description of London below is a perfect example of fantasy. The author creates a completely new world right under the streets of London or rather ‘London above’ with a description that is almost tangible. The inhabitants of this new world are also creations of the author’s imagination.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Neil Gaiman’s Writing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They add to the blend of fantasy that the author depicts in the story. They are people complete with everything they require to live their lives and are completely oblivious of the possibilities of living a life besides the one they have in their world. Door’s disappearance to this world after getting better is a clear indicator that she did not care much about the comforts that life in ‘London above’ could offer.
Richard’s transition from his normal self to this other person, who did not exist to other people around him, was yet another product of the author’s imagination. The fact that a human being can exist yet be barely noticed by all people around him/her gives the impression that s/he might have been invisible yet s/he sees them and thinks s/he is in the same realm with them.
This same display of fantasy is witnessed in Chivalry when the author refers to the Holy Grail and all the importance attached to it yet to Mrs. Whitaker, it is nothing more than an item that adds beauty to her house (Marcus Para.12).
Galaad’s trips to nobody knows where and his return with the different items to appease the old lady to give him the Holy Grail also seems to bring about an element of fantasy in the short story. It cannot be explained how he could access items, which only existed in ancient Greek mythology, in his human nature. In addition, the items could do exactly what was said of them, which is slightly hinted at when Mrs. Whitaker touches the different items and realizes that she instantly feels different.
Influence of pulp fiction on Gaiman’s writing Gaiman in his writing also alludes to pulp fiction especially in Neverwhere when he creates a young woman whom Richard finds himself willing to assist under whatever circumstances. The idea of a hero striving to save a lady finds its roots in pulp fiction. This observation means that when Richard sets out on dangerous adventures although with some element of unwillingness or doubt about his desire to assist, Gaiman is borrowing from pulp fiction.
Richard assists the girl in ‘London above’ and it costs him so much, but still goes ahead to help in ‘London below’ where his ability to help is highly doubted by Door herself. He eventually emerges as a unique hero not in deeds, but in his way of thinking and his perception of all that they went through. Ultimately, he does not fall in love with Door as many would have expected and this element adds to his uniqueness as a hero in the story.
Conclusion The works of Neil Gaiman will continue to intrigue many who come across them because they are a product of a clever combination of different styles of writing blended with the author’s unique writing style.
Gaiman’s approach to writing could easily be thought of as lacking in originality, but in essence, the numerous allusions made to various sources serve to create the effects he desires without having to use a lot of words. Clearly, the influence that other works of literature have on Gaiman’s work serves to enrich it rather than to water it down. He is a great writer.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Neil Gaiman’s Writing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Gaiman, Neil. Neverwhere, New York City: Harper Collins Publisher, 1997. Print.
Gaiman, Neil. Smoke and Mirrors, New York City: Avon, 1999. Print.
Marcus, Richard. Book Review: Smoke And Mirrors: Short Fictions and Illusions by Neil Gaiman, 2008. Web.
Schupbach, Jo. The Inverted City – The Use of London’s Underground in Neil Gaiman’s Neverwhere, 2011. Web.
Smith, Clay. “Get Gaiman?: PolyMorpheus Perversity in Works by and about Neil Gaiman.” Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 4.1 (2008): 1-29. Print.
Metamorphosis of China’s Identity Essay essay help online
Introduction China is faced by a great challenge of trying to maintain its national culture in the strong wave of globalization. It was inevitable to shun away this new ideology because it was perceived as a bridge of development between the West and China. However, the Chinese are bent on preserving their traditional culture.
Every time there is a mention of globalization in relation to culture, the worst is portrayed because globalization is often described to erode cultures. Regardless of the fact that traditional Confucianism was swept away in China, neo-Confucianism’s significance is evident in its humanistic spirit. The confucianists’ aim is to foresee the general wellbeing of every human being, and this has been a very strong characteristic feature of the Chinese identity.
Gender and how it shapes Chinese identity
The sex ratio at birth in China is the highest in the world according to the United Nation’s Population Prospects 2010 revision (Golley
Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Meaning of Failure Mode Effect Analysis Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) is defined as an efficient and practical technique used in assessing different features of a given system. Moreover, the assessment is majorly done to establish and eliminate or reduce possible prevailing tragedies and dangerous failures within the system.
Through design correction, the existing tragedies and dangerous failures can be eliminated within the shortest time possible. The analysis is able to highlight consequences of detected failures hence it becomes important during the establishment of legal actions (Smith par. 1). The assessment starts with the essential parts of the system to establish their result into the system malfunction. After recognizing the possible malfunctions, they are categorized and allocated a Risk Priority Number (RPN). Finally, a viable corrective action is proposed.
When to use Failure Mode and Effect Analysis Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is used during the creation or redesigning of a particular product or service. It can also be applied when a certain procedure is being established or when development goals are designed for an already operational process or existing goods and services. In addition, it can also be implemented when the available procedures, goods, or services are being applied in different ways. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is used when evaluating various malfunctions of an existing process, goods, or services.
How FMEA is used The first step is to determine the necessary requirements for the system to execute its duty. This is followed by the provision of all the hypotheses and rules required during the actual analysis (Stephans and Joe 91). The third stage does not only include the design of the system’s block diagram, but also establishment of possible malfunction modes.
For instance, possible system failures like breakages and leakages can be identified early enough and amicable solutions provided. The major cause of each malfunction mode and their impact on the system is then established. After recognizing all possible malfunctions, they are assigned a severity and occurrence ranking. Then, critical evaluation is conducted on each of the potential malfunction modes. The last step in FMEA is the assessment and suggestion of any viable corrective measures and perfections to the design.
Advantages and disadvantages of FMEA Failure Mode and Effect Analysis has a number of advantages. The technology does not only eradicate possible problems that might arise in a process, but also helps in establishing the areas with higher risks (Loiselle par. 1).
Additionally, it creates a stage for exchanging information, which hence improves product awareness within core teams. This technique is helpful in obtaining relevant historical information about various changes in the process. It also assists in the provision of accurate technical requirements during the construction of workstations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, FMEA helps in the provision of corrective measures during sessions. Moreover, the technology is important because it takes part in identification and management of various malfunctions. Conversely, a malfunction must occur in the system if a single failure mode is omitted. Products made during this process are not exactly similar. The other disadvantage is that a number of the detection controls are of low quality.
Examples of FMEA
A viable example of FMEA is where a single malfunction of the hardware item leads to death or loss of property. Another example that could be considered is where the system under evaluation has a redundancy hence causing death or loss of mission.
Works Cited Loiselle, Joshua. Improving the Efficiency of FMEAs. 2013. Web.
Smith, Deborah. FMEA: Preventing a Failure Before Any Harm Is Done. 2010. Web.
Stephans, Richard, and J. Stephenson. System Safety for the 21st Century: The Updated and Revised Edition of System Safety 2000, Hoboken: Wiley-Interscience, 2004. Print.
Journal summary of “Your Sixth Sense” by Mathew Hutson Essay (Article) essay help
The Mathew Hutson’s article “Your sixth sense” was published in ‘Psychology Today’ in June 2012. The author’s primary aim is to prove that anomalous experiences that affect people at certain times are not only real and life changing, but also occur inside our own brains. In addition, he attempts to prove that anomalous experiences do not occur outside our inner experiences. In this paper, a summary of the Hutchon’s article will be developed in order to highlight his ideas in regard to the topic of the “The sixth sense” article.
The Hutson’s article, if taken as it is, tends to basically argue that anomalous experiences are realities that affect almost every person. However, these experiences occur inside and not outside the human brain. The author tends to argue that anomalous experiences are illusions that humans bring about in their consciousness. Such illusions are used to fill human sensations and reflect what humans think inside their brains.
Taking the fact that one of us being stared at as one of the most common form of anomalous experience, the author argues that human emotions become activated such that one feels either comforting or excited (Hutson, 2012). The results show that the person will experience impression that provides additional energy.
The thesis by Hutson seems to be based on psychological perspective of the human brain. He argues that the “sixth sense” is not actually found in the brain, but it is a product of the work of the five natural senses. According to him, all human experiences exist only inside their own brains. In other words, he tends to argue that the function of the brain cells produces an additional “sixth sense” (Hutson, 2012).
The article further develops the idea that humans experience a sense of familiarity but which has no recollection. The author states that this sense is an experience that is normally a slight delay in the wiring of the brain cells. From biomedical theory, it is clear that transmission of pulses thorough human nerves, including the brain cells, are prone to some delays in biochemical reasons (Naparsek, 2007).
The author seems to refer to these forms of delay as the causes of familiarity without recollection. In addition, the sense of coincidence has been highlighted as another form of experience that proves that “the sixth sense” is a product of the rain functions. He presents the idea that coincidence is a perception that is inbuilt within the brains of most individuals, especially during the early age.
The author draws the reader’s attention by attempting to explain the nature and causes of human psyche and psychic abilities to know something or an event even before it takes place. He says that this phenomenon is a product of three aspects of the human brain-mental telegraphy, pre-recognition and remote viewing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, concerning out-of-body and near-death experience, Hutson states that damages to the brain cells in the temporal injunction or lack of oxygen in visual cortex are the most common causes of the experiences (Hutson, 2012).
The author also draws the attention of the audience by invoking some ideas of such concepts as witchcraft, spirits, and luck and life energy. He argues that anomalous experiences are appealing if they are explained in terms of the above concepts. Accordingly, the concepts may not necessarily have taken place, but the human mind always develops illusions that the person is undergoing the experience.
In conclusion, the author has attempted to explain his theory of “the sixth sense” from a psychological perspective. He tries to clarify that “the sixth sense” is a product of the other five senses. Such experiences as the feeling of being started at, witchcraft, meeting with spirits or near-death experiences have been shown to be a product of “the sixth sense” rather than realities.
References Hutson, M. (2012). Your sixth sense. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/articles/201207/your-sixth-sense
Naparsek, B. (2007). Your sixth sense. New York, NY: Cengage.