U.S. Government Regulation And Product Safety Case Study Online Essay Help

Table of Contents Introduction

How the Government Regulates Product Safety

Improving Regulatory Approaches

Conclusion

References

Introduction Regulation is a formal means of economic management by the government. The key goal of government regulations is to eliminate abuses and to control conduct such that all key players act in a reasonable manner.

All this is aimed at enhancing the quality of life for society by ensuring that businesses do not put their own interests over the interest of the society.

Without regulation, some individuals might exploit the environment and make substandard products in order to maximize their profits even if this will be detrimental to the common good.

The United States government makes use of laws and regulations to protect the health and safety of its citizens.

This paper will perform an analysis of the ways in which the government regulates product safety and also recommend how regulatory approaches by the NHTSA can be improved.

How the Government Regulates Product Safety The government makes use of a number of agencies to regulate product safety in the country. The Consumer Product Safety Commission CPSC regulates the safety of the vast number of consumer products (Widman, 2010).

The CPSC publicizes mandatory safety standards through issuing notices to the relevant industries. The government also sets the acceptable levels for toxin use.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sets a limit on the pesticide use and all agricultural products have to be below a certain pesticide tolerance.

Such a regulation ensures that consumer health is safeguarded since farmers are prevented from delivering harmful products to customers.

One of the roles played by regulatory agencies is to come up with rules which govern the conduct of businesses in particular situations. These rules articulate the acceptable standards and highlight what would be unacceptable (Popat, 2010).

The proceedings to be taken in the event that the laws are violated are also stated. The government makes use of researchers and scientists in particular areas to come up with standards.

These experts study the industries or problems and then come up with a set of standards that businesses must follow.

The regulatory position taken by the governmental agencies such as the FDA and the NHTSA rely on scientific authorities. Through thorough research and testing, the agencies ensure that new products being introduced into the market do not pose any danger to the population.

Scientific authorities for the FDA ensure that food safety risks that may be present as a result of new toxins and allergens are not present in food (Widman, 2010). The agency first publishes an advanced notice of the proposed safety standards.

We will write a custom Case Study on U.S. Government Regulation and Product Safety specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This proposal is accompanied by a list of analysis and findings that justify the proposal. Interested persons who are mostly members of the industry affected by the proposed safety standard then make comments or objection to the new standard.

Final findings which include the research and public opinion are published and a judicial review of the new safety standard is made (Widman, 2010).

If the standard is deemed to be necessary, reasonable and fair, it becomes mandatory and is applicable to the particular industry.

The government also imposes standards that are meant to protect consumers. For example, the government imposed an improved roof crush standard that increases the amount of force that a car roof can withstand in the event of a rollover crash.

This standard will reduce roof-crush injuries and hence make vehicles safer for consumers in the US. Kelly (2010) notes that such regulations are opposed by many auto companies since they increase the cost of production hence reduce the profit margin of the company.

Government imposition is therefore needed for the auto companies to put user interest in front of their profit interests.

The government also imposes strict liability for defective designs and these forces manufacturers to make sure that their designs are of a sound nature in order to avoid incurring penalties.

Regulatory bodies also engage the public in matters of interest to them. They inform customers of matters of interest such as hazardous material in products they own or dangers they might pose.

Not sure if you can write a paper on U.S. Government Regulation and Product Safety by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, the CPSC informed buyers of the lead paint danger that existed in some toys. The NHTSA notified customers of the danger of sudden unintended acceleration that several Toyota models suffered from (Popat, 2010).

The government checks to ensure that manufacturers provide the correct information to the consumers. This is an important aspect since companies are likely to over estimate the value of their products in order to attract more customers.

Since consumers are unlikely to discover this deception, they might end up being provided with products that are of low standard without their knowledge.

Companies are also required to reveal information about dangers that their products might pose to the user. The Consumer Product Safety Act obligates businesses to put up warnings on products regarding their dangers.

The FDA also requires a pre-market review of the safety of new food products and drugs. Popat (2010) asserts that this is very important since if the safety of foods and drugs is compromised and they are released to the market, significant human life losses may occur.

The FDA also has a strict ban on false therapeutic claims for medicines and the government’s enforcement powers for this are great.

The government is also empowered to seize adulterated goods which refer to goods that are of a damaged or inferior nature and which might be injurious to the health of people (Popat, 2010).

Improving Regulatory Approaches While the regulatory approach of the US government has its strengths, it can be improved in a number of ways. For example, the recent toy recalls in the US were blamed on the shifting of manufacturing overseas.

While the CPSC was able to adequately monitor the level of safety in manufacturers at home, it could not do the same with manufacturing plants that were based in other countries (Popat, 2010).

As more manufacturers shift overseas, US importers will be forced to increasingly rely on the test results from foreign suppliers. Foreign suppliers cannot be relied upon to engage in the rigorous long established testing standards and procedures of the US.

This problem can be resolved by demanding regular inspections by US officers on goods manufactured abroad. This will make sure that the products comply with the US safety standards.

There have to be mechanism in place to ensure that companies which violate regulations are severely punished.

The United State has over the recent decades slipped from its position of leadership in road safety. While the government promised to enhance vehicle safety regulation, this has not been the case and the number of road crash injuries has risen.

Some of the problems currently faced by the vehicle industry are the result of the “free market” ideology which was adopted by the Bush Administration. However, Kelly (2010) declares that product quality is not to blame for the increase in road crash injuries.

Instead, the hands off approach taken by the regulatory body and lack of clear policies are to blame. Vehicle safety-performance standards and set and enforced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

This agency which is a part of the Department of Transportation has failed to come up with solid policies for addressing motor accidents.

The government should be able to anticipate, identify and minimize motor-vehicle hazards for the good of the population. Kelly (2010) demands that the NHTSA should “articulate clear quantitative goals and policies for achieving road injury reduction” (p.310).

By having clear quantitative goals, the vehicle industry in general and individual manufacturers in particular can be held accountable for crash injury problems that occur on their products.

Governments in many developed countries such as Britain, Austria and Germany have shown interest in adopting and pursuing initiatives to reduce fatal and severe injury on the highways.

These efforts have resulted in a drastic reduction in road injuries which point to the effectiveness of the programs.

Adopting specific objectives for road injury control will ensure that the US reduces its highway fatality rates to similar or lower levels than those of countries that are considered the world leaders’ in road safety progress.

Conclusion This paper set out to analyze the manner in which the US government regulates product safety. It began by highlighting the importance of government regulation of business.

The paper has underlined the importance of government laws and regulations in protecting human health and safety. It has noted that the CPSC, FDA and NHTSA play an integral role in protecting consumers.

The paper has also noted that low standards by foreign suppliers can negatively affect US consumers. It has therefore been proposed that stringent regulations should be imposed on foreign products.

The paper has also observed that the lack of involvement by the NHTSA has led to an increase in fatalities on the highway.

More involvement and the articulation of clear goals and policies can resolve this problem and bring about road safety in the US.

References Kelly, B. (2010). Why the United States lags in auto safety and lessons it can import. Journal of Public Health Policy 31(3), 369–377.

Popat, A.M. (2010). International Product Law Manual. NY: Kluwer Law International.

Widman, A. (2010). Advancing Federalism Concerns in Administrative Law through a Revitalization of State Enforcement Powers: A Case Study of the Consumer Product Safety and Improvement Act of 2008. Yale Law

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A Comparison of “A college application essay help: college application essay help

The essay compares the two stories, in a manner that shows that both authors have certain similarities. Both authors clearly show the influence of parenting, in inspiring their children into autonomous and independent thought.

The authors emphasize on the role of fathers in the family and especially, in the building of character in their children. The authors also show that men are sexist and stubborn.

“The story A

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The Great Migration Essay best essay help

The period between 1910 and 1970 witnessed a massive movement of African-Americans from the United States’ rural south to the urban north (Spencer, 1987). Historians estimate that more than 6 million African-Americans were involved in this great exodus.

The United States’ population experienced a significant change during the Great Migration. New York and Chicago were some of the northern cities that witnessed the influx of African-Americans.

Before this migration, the population of African-Americans in these cities was only about 2 percent.

A clear demonstration of the changes caused by the Great Migration was the doubling of the number of African-Americans working in industries.

Causes Several factors contributed towards The Great Migration. First, there was a worsening racial situation in the South especially due to the Jim Crow laws. This situation brought about educational, economic and social marginalisation.

Other factors were the pursuance of employment opportunities in the rapidly expanding industrial sector in the North and better education facilities (Johnson, 2012).

Moreover, the boll weevil infestation, coupled with the plummeting world cotton prices, adversely affected a large part of the Southern cotton fields forcing sharecroppers and labourers to migrate in search of alternative means of employment (Spencer, 1987).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Considering that this was an era of war, there were numerous opportunities in the North for African-Americans. In addition, the First World War and the Immigration Act of 1924 significantly minimised the movement of European immigrants to the burgeoning industrial centres of the North (Spencer, 1987).

As a result, there were more opportunities for African-Americans in various factories due to the need for labour to meet the increasing demand for industrial goods.

The 1927 Mississippi Floods also contributed to the Great Migration as they displaced a large number of African-American farmers and labourers.

Effects Due to the massive movement of people to the North, there was a considerable increase in the demand for housing. This brought about hostility between the immigrants and the locals.

As a result, residential segregation gained favour in several cities with the motive of ensuring that blacks stayed away from the neighbourhoods that whites inhabited.

Even though the Supreme Court declared municipal residence segregation as unconstitutional, whites adopted a formal deed restriction, which bound the owners of white property in a particular neighbourhood not to sell to blacks (White, 2005).

Due to the restrictions regarding housing, several African-American neighbourhoods mushroomed in the cities. Harlem became the largest city predominantly inhabited by blacks.

We will write a custom Essay on The Great Migration specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The hostility between African-Americans and whites also presented itself in matters relating to employment. Whites, especially the working class, were afraid of the threat posed by the immigrants concerning labour.

Whites feared that African-Americans would negatively affect their pay rates and their ability to secure employment.

The whites’ tendency to protect what they considered as their territory created a racial divide that sometimes resulted in violence.

The Great Migration had a significant influence on various aspects of lives. The key areas concern language and culture due to the influx of people from different backgrounds.

As more African-Americans settled in the North, they transformed their rural lifestyle to fit into the urban culture and in the process introduced the black culture. Furthermore, the Great Migration had negative effects in the Southern states as the black population declined immensely in these states.

For example, in Mississippi and South Carolina, both of which experienced massive movements, the black population declined to about 35 percent by 1970s (Johnson, 2012).

References Johnson, D. (2012). Important Cities in Black History. FactMonster.com. Retrieved from https://www.factmonster.com/us/us-cities/cities-black-history

Spencer, R. C. (1987). The Great Migration of Afro-Americans, 1915-40, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1987/03/art5full.pdf

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Great Migration by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More White, K. (2005). Women in the Great Migration: Economic Activity of Black and White Southern-Born Female Migrants in 1920, 1940, and 1970. Social Science History, 29(3), 413-455.

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Unrecognized Beauty in William Wordsworth’s Poem She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways Research Paper essay help: essay help

In his poem She dwelt among the untrodden ways, William Wordsworth speaks about the woman who played an important role in his life. The author does not clearly tell that he was in love with her, but the readers can see that she definitely produced a long-lasting impression on him.

It should be noted that She dwelt among the untrodden Ways is one of the so-called Lucy poems, dedicated to an unknown woman whose identity was never fully disclosed (Kumar, 2003, p. 229).

One of themes that Wordsworth explores is the idea that beauty can often go unrecognized by others; however, other people’s recognition is unnecessary for a person who can appreciate beauty.

The imagery of the poem, its language, and structure are the main elements that help the author to convey his meaning and feelings for Lucy.

One of the things that catch the attention of the reader is the metaphors that Wordsworth uses. For instance, he compares this woman to “a violet by a mossy stone half hidden from the eye” (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167).

In this way, the author shows that the beauty of this person could be unnoticed by many people. Yet, this image also implies that for the narrator, this woman stood out among many others because a violet definitely contrasts with mossy stones.

Yet, the readers know that this beauty was certainly recognized by the narrator because he compares her to a lonely “star” (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Again this metaphor implies that for Wordsworth Lucy represents the greatness of nature (Walz, 2007, p. 26). This is how the author emphasizes the beauty of this person, at least in his view.

Another linguistic element that is worth discussing is the use of understatements or the expressions that state something in very restraint form.

For instance, he does not simply say she died. Instead the author chooses the expression “ceased to be” (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167). Thus, the narrator shows that Lucy was a strong presence in his life, and her very existence was very important to him.

Furthermore, the speaker does not mention his sorrow and the feeling of loss. Instead he says that her death was “the difference” to him (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167).

In this way, Wordsworth seems to suggest that his feelings for this woman and his sorrow may not be expressed with the help of words. This is one of the key ideas of this poem.

Furthermore, one should not disregard such a literary element as the structure of the poem. It can be divided into three parts or stanzas and they symbolize the development, perfection and fading of beauty and love (Kumar, 2003, p. 229).

The first stanza describes the environment in which this woman grew up. The readers can see that Lucy grew up in a very inconspicuous where very few people could appreciate her beauty.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Unrecognized Beauty in William Wordsworth’s Poem She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second stanza shows how her beauty was discovered and what it meant for the narrator, while the third passage shows the impact that the death of this woman produced on the narrator.

Overall, William Wordsworth’s poem shows that beauty often exists only in the eyes of the beholder. As a rule, it does not require acknowledgement of other people.

The author shows that Lucy deeply affected his life and creative work, even though other people did not pay much attention to her.

The main strength of this poem is that the author expressed his feelings for this woman by using very concise language and powerful imagery.

Reference List Kumar, S. (2003). A Companion to William Wordsworth. New York: Atlantic Publishers

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Policies and political instruments of public action, from global to local Report (Assessment) writing essay help

Table of Contents Research Question

Study Hypothesis

Research Variables

Literature review

Data

References

Research Question What influenced the conduction of this research study are matters concerning the tropical forests. There are various policies, as well as, instruments of public action evident in the issue of tropical forests both local and global.

Therefore, the research question is; what policies and political instruments of public action, from global to local. This research question is significant and worth investigating.

This is because, studies conducted in the past on the same topic have been few and, therefore, there is no much knowledge regarding the policies and political instruments of public action, from global to local.

It is due to this that the researcher of this research study decided to research on the topic to provide a deeper insight towards the matter and perhaps add up to the already existing information, in addition to, filling the gaps in the past research studies on the same topic.

Study Hypothesis The policies that can be identified as affecting the tropical forests are constructed, implemented and translated into instruments by several parties in a precise and clear manner. The evaluation, adjustments or even distortions of these policies are facilitated by the social factors.

Research Variables There are a number of relationships, which this research study is interested. However, they are abstract in nature. This implies that there the manner in which they are operationalized might not be subject to validity and the measurement given to them might not be valid too.

The measure of the makers of policies’ participation is abstract, and as such, it will require establishing estimates of the values.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Literature review The effects of instruments used in the making of tropical forest policies or even those that concerns environmental services, which according to Zhihua

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