Transportation And Logistics System In Argentina Essay Essay Help Online

Table of Contents Introduction

Argentina Transportation System

Conclusion

References

Introduction Transportation and logistics system acts as one of the major reflectors of a country’s economic capability and resource availability. Such elaborate system, determines various trends within market environment based on critical aspects. Consequently, nature of transportation and logistics systems within a region determines costs and ultimately nature of pricing on consumer goods.

For example, significant costs of transportation and logistics on agricultural materials differ depending on whether a country is developed or underdeveloped.

Developing countries within South America imposes higher freight rates making charges on their exports higher i.e. between 10 to 20% compared to other goods from developed nations such as United States. Such cases are also attributed to presence of inadequate transport capacity within underdeveloped regions (Lieb and Randall, 1996).

Argentina Transportation System Argentina is currently identified as one of the emerging economic power within South America. Consequently, privatization movement within Argentina’s transport sector has attained great advancement within the last few years.

There has been tremendous influx of investment from domestic and foreign bodies acting as major force behind gains in movement and storage of goods and services. However, such positive changes within Argentine logistics environment are expected to remain high within the next couple of years (Cottrill, 1999).

One notable change experienced involves development of river transport systems within the country as well as neighboring Mercosur nations. The water highway system referred to as ‘hidrovia’ project, contributes towards extensive improvement on the access of large vessel ships within inland ports. This has adequately enabled enhancement of economies of scale gained by shippers from various goods within export markets.

Additionally, the railway network within Argentina received necessary boost form investors in mid 1990s. The nation’s five rail lines received uplift through privatization which has ultimately contributed towards concentration of much transportation within railway system.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Such privatization has seen diversion of most traffic away from road transport, since large volumes of goods are moved efficiently over longer distances through rail. Extensive use of rail by Argentine Shippers has contributed towards enjoyment of economics of scale by the nation due to convergence in volumes and operational costs (Cottrill, 1997).

Despite achievement experienced within the rail system, there has been lack of sufficient storage facilities within Argentina’s grain industry. This has forced most farmers to seek for trade opportunities for their grains despite prevailing market conditions within domestic market. Argentina’s logistic system encounters difficulties based on the limited capacity at various elevators and river terminals.

The country’s agricultural sector focuses on attaining high productivity standards within farming zones based on improved nature of the country’s elevator. Such improvements would demand significant shift of investments towards storage facilities for the purposes of alleviating storage deficiencies.

However, the country has significantly improved processes through which commodities and value-added goods are moved from production sites to consumption points. This has eventually made Argentina to be recognized as one of the competitors within international grain market (Argentina Business, 1998).

Motor transport is used in Argentina for the purposes of transporting goods especially agricultural produce from farms to various destinations. However, most feeder roads serving rural locations have been identified as predominantly poor, making transportation of products difficult.

The network of roads serving busy terminal locations such as Rio Parana are considered costly based on nature of breakages usually experienced on transit containers. Such road conditions are associated with frequent failure on equipments and wastage of transit time leading to higher operational costs. This has made trucking costs to be approximately over 60% higher compared to those of developed countries.

In Argentina, various motor operations within agricultural sector focuses on small service providers specializing in the movement of different commodities. Their operations are usually seasonal with high demand being experienced during peak harvests. Such operations have led to relatively growing congestion within major metropolitan regions within the country as well as port locations.

We will write a custom Essay on Transportation and Logistics System in Argentina specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Movement of bulk goods through railway system has created significant economies in terms of volume due to reduction in costs. Argentina has approximately over 34,000 Kilometers of rail which is currently under private ownership of five companies (Cottrill, 1997).

However, a number of problems have been encountered within the rail system which includes loading and off-loading of shipments across rail line which at times results into higher costs based on time. This has solicited concerns based on transit times as well as locomotive failures.

Despite such drawbacks, rail freight in Argentina has risen significantly over the last decade (Argentina Business, 1998). On the side of water transport, there has been elaborate dredging of major rivers for the purposes of accommodating large barge tows with transit goods.

Conclusion From the discussion above it can be noted that the level of comparative transportation as well as nature of performance on logistics is largely determined by the nature of infrastructure present within a country. Various modes of transportation used in many countries include; water, overland, air and pipeline transportation.

On the same note high seas navigation provides one of the major means of accessing overseas export markets. In the case of Argentina, highway system presents one of the critical links between farmers, elevators and consumers.

References Argentina Business. (1998). The Portable Encyclopedia for Doing Business With Argentina.2nd Ed. San Rafael, CA: World Trade Press.

Cottrill, K. (1997). Argentina’s Privatization Signals Rail Revival. Traffic World, 2 (10), 8a.

Cottrill, K. (1999). Fairer Climate for Exports? TrafficWorld, 5 (4), 22-23.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Transportation and Logistics System in Argentina by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Lieb, R.

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Social Media and NPO’s Expository Essay essay help online free

Introduction There has been a rapid growth in utilization of social media applications amongst various groups of internet users in the last five years (Ostrow, 2010). The common applications in the social media platform include Facebook, Blogs, RSS and wikis (Hansen et al., 2011). These platforms have become popular with most internet users, who utilize it as a channel of communication at least on a daily basis (Boyd

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Realism and Prudence in Foreign Policy Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Realism is an approach to international relations that has developed progressively through the works of numerous political analysts who have based themselves within, and therefore have not exceeded a characteristic but yet assorted approach or conventional evaluation. Realism focuses on global political challenges attributable to individual characteristics and lack of universal watchdog.

These two elements make global relations basically a sphere of power and interests (Griffiths 2009, p. 13). Individual characteristics have not changed since time immemorial. According to the realists, humans are still self-centred, and therefore inherently inclined towards decadence.

Machiavelli explains that in the world of politics, individuals tend to be immoral and will always find expression for malignity engraved in their brains when opportunity strikes (Griffiths 2009, p. 14; Donnelly 2000, p. 17).

In other words, realists give primary attention to inconsiderate passions and the catastrophic presence of wickedness in global politics. Since these passions can not be eradicated, conflicts are not bound to end any time soon (Donnelly 2000, p. 26).

Even though realists have disagreed in some areas, they all agree that humans are inconsiderately zealous and this zeal is the root of all political challenges in the globe. The new political dispensations are aimed at curbing this side of human nature. Locally, human nature is normally regulated by hierarchical political power and constitution (Donnelly 2000, p. 26).

In the global front, political disorder not only permits but also promotes the evil side of human nature. Therefore, the chaotic nature of national politics and the inconsiderate nature of humans call for an overall watchdog (Griffiths 2009, p. 17). Realist considers the structure of global system as vital in maintaining international relations.

According to classical realists, absence of central power to resolve disputes is the reason behind the current security dilemma. They also argue that cumulative effect of actions by state and none-state actors can have considerable impact beyond national borders (Waltz 1979, p. 3).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Classical realists argue that hunger for power which is more rooted in human beings is the reason why most countries are struggling to enhance their capacities. For that reason, the absence of global watch dog is an accommodative condition for state actors to operate without restraint (Waltz 1979, p. 4).

In other words, classical realists also explain egoistic nature of human beings which is the cause of many global problems.

Therefore, a number of global conflicts are attributed to aggressive behaviour of state actors or local political systems that provide opportunity for narrow-minded leaders to pursue selfish expansionist policies in the global arena. In short, classical realists argue that global politics is full of immorality because policies governing international relations are made by bad people (Griffiths 2009, p. 20).

According to neo-realists the structure of the global system comprises of two aspects: lack of overall authority means chaotic state of affairs, and the egoistic nature of humans means all countries are functionally the same. One of the differences between neo-realism and classical realism is in the essence and basis of state priorities. In addition, unlike classical realists, neo-realists only focus on global state of affairs.

Neo-realists state that countries will do what they have to do to survive in the current competitive and anarchic environment. On the other hand, states can opt to pursue certain norms because they are advantageous or because they are already internalized locally (Donnelly 2000, p. 32).

Neo-realists explain that international systems are characterized by similar results given their similarity in structure. As stated earlier, neo-realists tend to ignore local conditions which are apparently different (Griffiths 2009, p. 17). There are other strands of political realism at the moment, for instance, rise and fall realism, neo-classical realism, and structural realism (defensive and offensive structural realism).

They all view international relations in terms of endless and inevitable conflicts. Rise and fall realists explain that rules and practices of global system are determined by the most powerful state.

We will write a custom Essay on Realism and Prudence in Foreign Policy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since the most powerful state accrues most benefits, other leading states will always try to find ways to get to top position. Given the small gap between the leading state and other powerful states, the rivalry between them normally end up in some form of conflict (Donnelly 2000, p. 38).

On the other hand, neoclassical realists stress that state actions are normally driven by domestic preferences. Neoclassical realists explain that incidences that are being witnessed in the global political arena are mostly influenced by domestic structures, institutions, beliefs, and aspirations.

Most foreign policies tend to be upsetting or predatory. The most famous account of neoclassical realism is the balance of interest theory which states that most leaders are motivated by power and self-indulgence. Therefore, foreign policies are all about power and individual interests (Mearsheimer 2001, p. 6).

Defensive structural realism is an improved version of neo-realism. The most prominent version of defensive structural realism is the balance of threat theory. According to balance of threat theory, countries tend to protect themselves through regional or global alliances. The behaviour of these states is influenced by the perceived threat and the power of the state or none-state actor posing threat (Donnelly 2000, p. 45).

On the other hand, offensive structural realism differs with defensive structural realism on the subject of enemy’s power. Instead of relying on regional or global alliances, offensive structural realism encourages acquisition of more power by an individual state for offensive reason.

Offensive structural realism stresses that when a country acquires more power than others, it can easily protect itself and not rely on external forces/alliances. Such powers are important to tackle emergency cases or where regional alliances are missing (Mearsheimer 2001, p. 8).

Conclusion Realism focuses on global political challenges caused by individual characteristics and lack of global watchdog. These two elements make global relations basically a sphere of power and interests. From the different strands of realism explored in the study, actions of most states/state actors are immoral (especially those that are driven by greed of power and interest at the expense of others) while some are justified (defensive measures).

References Donnelly, J 2000, Realism and International Relations, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Realism and Prudence in Foreign Policy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Griffiths, M 2009, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd edn, Routledge, London.

Mearsheimer, J 2001, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics, Norton, New York: WW.

Waltz, K 1979, Theory of International Politics, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.

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Strategic Audit in Delloite and Touché Company Term Paper scholarship essay help

Introduction Strategy audit refers to a concept that implements the process of decision making. It aims at evaluating the risks of management and analyzing the functions of corporate institutions. It also focuses on the holistic examination of the present performance, environment, strategies applied and control of the strategies.

It determines the organizational strengths and weaknesses exposing problems that exist in the organization. It is, therefore, a crucial tool that facilitates decision making which is a major pillar in the prosperity of an organization. Therefore, strategy audit is an inevitable process for any successful organization.

In this paper, we shall focus on the Delloite and Touché Company.

Description Deloitte and Touché Company is an international private company. In the 1800s, its conception was started by Deloitte when he was staying within London. They developed the company to offer professional services.

The services included financial advisory, assurance, enterprise risk, tax advisory, and consultation among others. It has employed about 193000 employees and operates on one hundred and fifty countries in the world.

Background and Context Carrying out a strategic audit for this company is appropriate due to various reasons. First, the company has a long history that gives it a sense of popularity. As a result, the company meets enormous challenges and management’s risks that should be audited.

Secondly, the company has a huge organization capacity that comprises of 150 branches around the world.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consequently, there arise a lot of strategic risks in the process of coordinating the branches and working harmoniously. The two factors also offer the necessary familiarity with the company and make the analysis easy.

The company deals with customers who pay a lot of money for services. Failure to deliver quality services would lead to loss of customers to the competitors. We, therefore, aim at understanding the various pitfalls that would lead to the downfall of the company.

The possible pitfalls would be organizational, structural or financial. Although we might not be able to make changes in the company, this analysis will sharpen personal and strategic skills that we can apply in other organizations.

Summary of Analysis We seek to determine the strengths and weaknesses of the company. These two aspects of the company are the major pillars of its strategic audit. Consequently, the approach provides the necessary knowledge that allows the company to suppress the weaknesses.

The company has a good business foundation within 150 countries of the world. This has enabled this company to capture a wide market for its products. Also, the network has enabled it to compete against its competitors.

The company is enjoying economic competence and solvency by concentrating its focus on large consulting firms. This has built large revenues that have amounted to about thirty two billion in US dollars. It offers a good working environment that enables it to tap competitive staff from the market.

Many of the workers who were granted a chance to work for Deloitte and Touché considered it to be a fortune employer.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Strategic Audit in Delloite and Touché Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, the company has several challenges that need to be addressed. First, the company has faced a lot of criticisms and operational failure. For example, the court system of California reported termination of a project that was assigned to Deloitte and Touché Company.

They reported that they had allocated $260 million for the project. During termination, the company had used $500 million for the project and had not set up any court to operation.

In another case, the commission of security and exchange reported that Deloitte had to pay $50 to Adelphia Communication Company due to flaws in their financial statement.

It is clear that the company is confronted by serious set up failures. The failures can lead to customer dissatisfaction and financial breakdown of the company.

This company has, also, portrayed a state of incompetence. For example, Australian Custom Department hired this company to make a report about illegal tobacco. The department described that the report was misleading. When Deloitte repeated this work, the department declared the report as baseless (Morgan 1996).

This was a huge blow to the company. It portrayed a lack of competence on the company’s side. In addition, it induces the customer to lose confidence and trust for future services in the company.

It is clear that the company should aim at eliminating weaknesses that are mentioned above and stop relying fully on their strong brand.

Summary of Findings The company benefits from strong brands that it has managed to make over the years. These brands give the company enough reputation that earns credibility and reliability.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Strategic Audit in Delloite and Touché Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is clear that evolution of the company has experienced a lot of rebranding. Most customers have identified the company by the present brand. Consequently, rebranding is not a good choice for the company unless it is necessary.

The company has issues with quality of services they offer. Some customers have raised issues that portray dissatisfaction and mistrust in the company. The criticism arising from various companies has determined the company as wanting. In fact, some of the criticism arose recently.

A credible example is the allegations concerning Iranian Standard Chartered Bank. Deloitte was needed to explain the allegations suggesting that it helped the bank to make fraud money attempting to cover a loss.

The company practices global and international economies through branching in many countries. However, there exists insufficient supervision of branches by the company’s management.

In this case, many firms have collaborated with the company. These firms originate from different companies around the world. Consequently, coordinating the branches and inducing them to work harmoniously in the same platform is a great challenge.

Recommendations There are various recommendations that will help the company to retain economic power that sustain customers. First, the company should strengthen inside-out strategy.

This implies that they should focus on the core strengths of the company to enhance change, develop services and encourage discovery. Therefore, the company aims at achieving efficiency and adapting to variation of situations in the market.

The company should also adopt the spirit of value maximization rather than profit maximization. In this case, the company aims at meeting the customers’ expectations alongside making profits. However, the two concepts must be balanced in a bid to realize economic solvency of the company.

Diligent monitoring and communication with customers during projects should be considered in a desirable manner. For example, the Electrical Holding Company of Guangdong Kelon accused Deloitte for lack of communication.

They alleged that the company did not inform them about the poor financial position. Timely communication and supervision play a crucial role in determining the credibility of services.

Value Creation and Value Capture

Value Creation Value Capture a. Employ the relevant and competent staff b. Harmonize the operation of all global branches c. Offer an individualized approach to customers which can suit their specific needs. d. Create more branches around the world e. Use professional offices that create a good picture of the company a. Keep records for the services provided to the customers. b. Develop and offer related products to the customers c. Retain customers and seek to obtain more clients d. Develop products that are specific to the company e. Make offers and sponsor events creating a healthy organizational image Creating value and capturing value are essential factors of an organization that succeeds financially. In creating value, the company should ensure that customers are satisfied by the services. It, also, aims at creating a good organizational reputation that attracts the customers.

In this case, Deloitte should ensure making of individualized considerations, employment of competitive experts and creation of a wide coverage. In value capturing, the company aims at retaining its solvency and satisfying the current customers. It uses the available strengths to gain customers.

Capturing is done through offers, sponsorship of customers’ events and offering related services. This ensures that a company maintains and earns their trust leading to solvency.

Making Tough Decisions

The toughest decision Deloitte Company will make is related to value and profit maximization. The company should make a hard decision of choosing to incorporate value maximization. In this case, it will focus on the customers’ satisfaction and maintenance of profits made in the company.

The company also needs to make a tough choice of investing on competent staff and building a strong software system. For example, there was a great problem with the software of the company in schools of Los Angeles.

In this case, the company’s systems incurred an error that led to underpayment, overpayment and lack of payment to teachers. The case reduced the credibility of the company greatly.

Deloitte and Touché and Competitors The company’s experience is worth of competition from other companies that offer similar services. A credible example is Coopers

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Kraft Foods Company Report (Assessment) writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction Kraft Foods Company is a North American business entity with vast interests in manufacturing and distribution of consumer food items such as snacks, consumer drinks, convenient food items, and an array of grocery items (Rankin 1).

The business entity sustains a stable operation base in over 155 countries around the world. The company enjoys a stable and reliable market share in all locations. However, it faces stiff competition from Nestle, which is its main business competitor.

The company portfolio comprises over 11 market brands that garner more than $ 1 billion across the world (Rankin 4). Prominent brands in the company include Jacob and Maxwell house coffee, LU biscuits, Oreo, Nabisco biscuits, Oscar Meyer meats, and Philadelphia cream cheese.

Kraft Foods Company operates over 223 outfits that facilitate its manufacturing, processing, and packaging ventures around the world. Kraft Foods Company operates as a public company and is a member the New York City stock exchange.

In 2008, the company acquired listing at the Dow Jones industrial average. In 2010, the company effected an acquisition of Cadbury brand, consequently spurring a massive boycott on all its related products (Rankin 11).

Swot Analysis Kraft Foods Company is a business entity that operates in a competitive and dynamic business environment. The company endeavours to maximise on all factors that promote its operations. There are multiple factors that determine success or failure of the company in all areas of operation.

In order to guarantee corporate excellence, Kraft Foods Company should strive to maximise on its strengths and improve on its weaknesses (Rankin 12). The company should seize all opportunities that guarantee its bright future in the corporate landscape.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Above all, the company should identify and tackle all threats that linger in its horizon. If not dealt with, such threats could herald unprecedented challenges for the company (Rankin 17).

The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis of the company presents a clear picture of all facets of the company with regard to its operations.

Strengths

Kraft Foods Company has several strengths that compliment its operations across the world. The company enjoys a strategic advantage in its position as the second largest entity in food manufacturing and processing (Rankin 21). The company ranks second after Nestle Company.

This is an obvious strength for the company because it commands a huge and influential share in the market. The company also enjoys a massive presence in the market across North America and the world (Rankin 21).

Such presence is advantageous because it offers the company a strong market visibility. This guarantees performance and profitability in the future.

Kraft Foods Company has a reputation for its prowess in manufacturing and processing of foods and assorted beverages. The company has several brands in various market segments across America, Asia, and Europe. This situation gives the company a competitive market advantage over its competitors in the market.

The brand image of Kraft Foods Company is strong, sustainable, and progressive (Rankin 24). The company should strive to maintain and propagate its brand image because it guarantees success and progress in the market. Most brands within the company profile have a long history and heritage in the market.

We will write a custom Assessment on Kraft Foods Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Customers identify with most brands within the company profile because those brands command a sustained presence in the market.

In fact, the company has several brands whose heritage dates over 100 years. Such brands present a strategic advantage for the company because customers understand and trust them (Rankin 25).

Immeasurable strength lies in Kraft’s elaborate distribution of networks in the market. The company effectively merges the traditional and contemporary distribution channels. This guarantees availability of products in the market, thereby spurring growth and expansion in the market (Welch 17).

The company effectively utilises a distribution that anchors on guided store delivery and distribution networks. Through such networks, the company monitors the movement of their products in the market.

This system offers a direct approach to monitoring, evaluation, and assessment of products in the market (Welch 17).

The company conducts periodical research and evaluation to determine the safety and sustainability of their products. This accords an opportunity for the company to assess market reception with regard to their products.

The research findings offer a roadmap for the company in their quest for healthy and safe products (Welch 19). The company runs various programmes to ensure that their products are innovative, healthy, and meet all safety requirements.

Such efforts are critical for the company because they facilitate and guarantee compliance to safety standards and requirements. Above all, such efforts ensure and guarantee a healthy and sustainable consumer base in the market.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Kraft Foods Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Research and development programmes entrench the sustainability and competitive advantage of the company (Welch 23).

The company enjoys strength in the fact that customers in the market know the Kraft brand. As earlier mentioned, Kraft Foods Company has been in the market for many decades. Therefore, its products are popular in various segments of the market.

The products of Kraft Company appeal to consumers in all age brackets. This is an advantage because it widens the customer base of the company (Welch 23).

The company maximises on this by ensuring that their products address all consumer needs and preferences within their client base. This ensures that customers remain loyal and dedicated to the Kraft brand.

Over the years, the company has built a global network of outlets and food processing plants through rigorous expansion efforts. This accords the company an opportunity to explore and venture into new and under-exploited markets (Welch 27).

Through such efforts, the company projects an image of a global and ubiquitous commercial entity. This in turn builds and sustains confidence in the company’s ability to offer quality and healthy products to their consumers.

The company should amass the positive energy in this domain to ensure future success in the market. Through its global networks, the company taps the potential in various market segments across the world.

The company maintains a global presence through constant engagement with clients and business partners within the global community (Welch 27).

Overall, Kraft Foods Company ranks second to Nestle. However, the company is a market leader in production and sale of snacks. The company enjoys a competitive edge in the snack segment as compared to other business competitors in the market.

This is a strength that Kraft Company can seize in its effort to consolidate and sustain its command in the global market. The company should direct attention to such strong areas to guarantee its hegemony in the global and regional markets (Gaspar 43).

Weaknesses

Kraft Foods Company is weak in terms of its overall performance in the market. The acquisition of Cadbury upped Kraft’s profit ratio in a commendable way. However, it presented numerous challenges because it heightened the company’s debt pressure.

Such pressure shrinks the company’s ability to perform in a highly competitive corporate environment (Gaspar 43). For instance, the company faces stiff competition from market rivals such as Nestle and Harshey.

High debts and stiff competition in the market is a lethal combination of factors for any commercial entity, and Kraft Foods Company is not an exception. This means that the company should brace for tough and challenging times in the market.

The company has a commendable presence and command in the global market. However, it scores poorly in terms of concentration and distribution of outlets in areas beyond America and Europe. The company is yet to open outlets in high potential areas in the global market.

This emanates from its slow and ineffective strategy. The company lacks a robust expansion programme to guarantee dominance and command in the global market (Gaspar 47). Lack of an elaborate expansion programme denies the company vital opportunities for growth in the market.

The company has a weakness in terms of expansion and entry into new market zones. The company is over dependent on corporate acquisitions and buy-outs (Marcic 12). This approach to expansion presents various challenges for business entities.

For instance, in 2010, Kraft Foods Company effected a complete acquisition of Cadbury brand. This move presented challenges for the company after consumers staged a boycott against their products (Marcic 15).

It is evident that such acquisitions could back fire, thereby jeopardising the operations of the company. This scenario compounds the company’s inability to venture into new markets. This is a major weakness for Kraft’s Food Company (Marcic 16).

The company puts more emphasis on its existing niche in the market as opposed to new and uncharted territories. Competitors could exploit the weakness to initiate a market onslaught against the company.

In business, it is common for competitors to take advantage of structural and organizational weaknesses of their rivals.

This is a likely scenario for Kraft Company because of their current weakness with regard to market expansion and occupancy (Lamb 22). This weakness threatens Kraft’s presence and dominance in the global market.

Opportunities

Kraft Food Company continues to enjoy unprecedented growth and hegemony despite various challenges and occasional hiccups in the market (Lamb 27). The company has to address a number of issues in order to guarantee its success and stature in the market.

Amid challenges and weaknesses, the company has numerous opportunities that could spur its growth and success in the market. The company can pursue available channels to overcome its debt hurdle and other relates challenges that are responsible for its poor performance in the market (lamb 28).

Firstly, the company can embark on extensive expansion efforts to increase its presence in the market. The expansion efforts should target areas that have high market potential. Such areas include China, India, Korea, and Africa.

These areas have high potential for commercial activities because of various factors such as population and favourable government policy (Crosson 47).

Through expansion into new market territories, the company could increase and consolidate its market share, thereby increasing its profitability. The company can utilise the existing networks and influence of Cadbury to introduce fresh and innovative products in new markets (Crosson 48).

Secondly, the company can re-invent itself in its current markets by introducing radically distinctive and healthy products. Consumers are increasingly demanding fresh and healthy products in the market.

The company can seize this opportunity by increasing production of organic products in their markets. For instance, the company can venture into supply of fresh products from the farm. Such a strategy will endear the company to its clientele (Crosson 52).

Threats

Kraft Foods Company faces numerous challenges in its operations within the market. The company faces threats arising from the Cadbury acquisition. The transaction caused uproar within the British market. This caused a massive boycott against Kraft’s products in the affected market (Daft 31).

This issue threatens to curtail the performance and command of market share in the future. The company must accelerate efforts to regain confidence and trust among its customers. The acquisition presented numerous challenges for the company thereby affecting its performance in the market (Daft 32).

The company must avoid such pitfalls in future to ensure good performance in the market and maintain its profitability.

The company has to contend with heightened competition from Nestle and Harshey. The two market giants pose a monumental threat to the dominance of Kraft Food Company. The company must engage in activities that diffuse threats within its market (Daft 34).

The company must adopt strategies and mechanisms geared towards reduction and mitigation of threats. The food and beverage market is highly competitive. Kraft Food Company must initiate several preservative measures to guarantee and protect its commercial territory.

The company must ensure loyalty among its customers and embark on product diversification in the market (Daft 41). Such restructuring will ensure sustainability and dominance in the market.

The Split of Kraft Foods Company In October 2012, Kraft split into two companies. The two companies are Kraft Food Group and Mondelez International (Askew par 1). Mondelez continued with Kraft’s interests in vending of snacks while Kraft Food Group commenced on efforts to consolidate the grocery market in North America.

The split was a calculated move to diversify and venture into new market locations (Askew par 3). The split was an effort towards consolidation of the company’s global presence and dominance. Above all, the split had the primary aim of ensuring expansion of Kraft’s operations in North America (Askew par 3).

The split presented an opportunity for the company to revise its internal organisational structure in a bid to increase efficiency and organisational performance.

The split would turn Kraft’s portfolio into a strong point of departure towards prosperity and heightened activity in the market (Askew par 4). Through the split, Kraft intended to ensure that resources channelled towards improvement and intensification of positive input within its market portfolio (Askew par 4).

Recommendations In light of the above SWOT analysis, it is evident that Kraft Foods Company has a bright and progressive future in the food and beverages market. With the right approach, the company has a competitive advantage over its competitors in the market.

However, Kraft Food Company must take several decisive steps to ensure good performance in the market. The company should intensify its expansion efforts to ensure wide and appropriate coverage in unexploited markets. This will definitely increase its profitability and dominance in the market.

The company should strengthen existing brands to ensure maximum returns. This will help in cutting costs and avoiding excessive wastage of resources.

The company should seize the opportunity presented by its split to amass the positive energy in the moment. The split should enable the company to reach far-flung markets that are hitherto unexploited.

The company should reenergise its organisational machinery to enable eventual creation of innovative brands that capture the mood of consumers in the market. The company should exploit its numerous strengths and opportunities to guarantee future profitability and success in the market.

However, it is important for Kraft Foods Company to put effort into addressing its weaknesses and threats. This will ensure its growth and propagation in a highly competitive business environment.

Works Cited Askew, Katy. Profile: Split to Bring Greater Focus for Kraft. 1 October 2012. Web.

Crosson, Susan. Managerial Accounting. London: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

Daft, Richard. Management. London: Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.

Gaspar, Julian. Introduction to Business. London: Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.

Lamb, Charles. Essentials of Marketing. London: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

Marcic, Dorothy. Understanding Management. London: Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.

Rankin, Lee. Kraft Foods Company: The Bare Essentials. Newyork: Taylor

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Summary: “Virtual Meeting Analyzer: A web application to visualize and analyze social networks emerging in online essay help: online essay help

This article details the aspects of a Virtual Meeting Analyzer. This is an upcoming web application that can be used to analyze the dynamics of a social meeting. According to the article, evaluating the social networks that result from meetings could help in improving communication in social meetings.

However, the article notes that there are many complexities involved in this process (Privitera, Martino

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Management Strategy in the Public Sector Case Study online essay help

Introduction Local authorities are embracing the use of strategic management in their daily processes. Many have recognised the usefulness of the approach but few are yet to optimize its potential. Internal and external environments in public organisations make strategic management a challenging task for many.

These firms require a comprehensive analysis of strategy use in the public sector, which the essay will attempt to do. The extent to which firms in the UK apply strategy management depends on the management model chosen for the analysis.

Organisations in the public sector feel the impact of strategy management depending on their strategic stance, which could be defensive, reactive or prospective; their strategic action or their strategic processes. These dynamics will be applied to a case study about a local council known as Brownsville.

It is essential to determine how the council’s strategic challenges came about and how it can solve them effectively through strategic management theory.

Theory How public organisation use strategic management

Extent to which organisation employ elements of strategic management

Research conducted by (Poister

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Chain Management and the Creation of Competitive Advantages Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Management of Supply Chain

The Distribution Network Setting

Risk Management

Controlling the Bullwhip Effect

Inventory Control

Conclusion

References

Introduction Successful supply chain management and creation of competitive advantage requires effective demand and supply chain management. Supply chain management can be described as the cumulative process that involves different players who are involved in the delivery of a product to its final destination.

Supply chain management involves coming up with deliberate measures by the parties involved in the whole process to come up with a supply chain that is most effective and efficient (James

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Virtual Reality in Construction Coursework college admissions essay help

Introduction Over the past 3 decades, building design has become increasingly complex due to the necessity of having to incorporate both the technological aspect of modern living (i.e. electrical wires, telecommunication systems, and interior ventilation) as well as the increasing popularity of built in appliances and furniture (i.e. hidden storage spaces, movable beds, etc.).

This, according to Goulding et al. (2012), has lead to numerous problems within the industry wherein architects, builders and engineers alike need to deal with having to translate complex 2D designs on paper into a working and functioning interior and exterior of a building in real life (Goulding et al. 2012, pp. 103-116).

Not only that, one of the more unfortunate trends in the present day construction industry is the need to construct buildings within a relatively short period of time in order to save on the cost of labor and utilities.

As a result, some construction projects tend to run 24 hours a day with multiple labor shifts being implemented in order to ensure that the building is completed as fast as possible.

Li et al. (2003) states that such a method of construction, while impressive in terms of cost savings and completion time, can lead to mistakes in the building design since supervisors cannot be around 24 hours a day to ensure that the designs are completed according to their specifications (Li et al. 2003, p. 561).

Another factor that should be taken into consideration is the fact that many constructions companies around the world, particularly those in China and the Middle East, tend to hire foreign design firms in order to create visually stunning buildings that have complex inner workings.

At times the normal working relationship between an architect, the building’s engineers and laborers does not exist since the architect is on another continent and has merely provided the designs necessary for the building’s construction and nothing more.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is due to the factors that have been mentioned that it is necessary for a new system to be implemented that allows for the visualization of the design as well as allows for better collaboration between the architect, engineers and builders to ensure that the design elements, both aesthetic and functional, are implemented in the right way when a building is being constructed.

Historical Background Originally, the use of virtual reality in construction within the past decade has been limited to 3D object design wherein separate 3D representations of the exterior and interior of the buildings are designed utilizing 3D Max and other types of software in order to create a representation of what the interior and exterior of the building is supposed to look like (Qinping 2011, pp. 116-118).

Such systems though have been limited to a primarily video based format with no level of interactivity being incorporated into the representation.

It merely shows how the design is supposed to look like but does not create an accurate gauge of how particular types of design implements are supposed to be implemented (Animesh et al. 2011, pp. 789-A3).

It also did not give a sufficient approximation of space and was universally panned by various architects as a waste of resources due to the amount of time that was needed in order to create a 3D model that could actually be considered an accurate representation.

While it continues to be in use within the industry till this very day, its use has been limited to interior design such as helping engineers determine how elements such as fixtures, lighting and other such elements should be implemented.

Over the past 4 years though, there has been considerable progress in implementing more technologically complex methods in construction wherein 3D virtual reality technology has been utilized in urban planning as well as transport projects in various countries such as Japan and France (Grant 2010, pp. 60-65).

We will write a custom Coursework on Virtual Reality in Construction specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This type of technology utilizes graphics systems such as CAD, CAM and EDA in order to create a realistic 3D representation of urban landscapes in order to help city planners see how certain types of planned infrastructure projects would impact particular cities (Grant 2010, pp. 60-65).

While lacking in the immersive quality of a true 3D experience, this iteration of the technology at the present does show its viability as a means of enabling architects and engineers alike to get a better visual grasp of how a particular building project will look like when established within a cityscape as well as its overall visual appeal.

It should be noted though that this iteration of the technology, while effective in showing cityscape perspective, is severely lacking in detail when it comes to representing the various details of a building (Manca Brambilla

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Value of Correlation Report (Assessment) college application essay help

Correlation is a statistical analysis tool that is used to ascertain the relationships between two linear variables. A correlation can only be effective when two or more variable are compared side by side; whereby, their strengths are compared to determine whether their relationship is correlated or non correlated (Ferguson, 1959, 1).

Correlation can be established in two different ways, first using the graphical method; whereby, the two variables are plotted on a graph and a line of best fit is drawn to assess whether there is dispersion from the line or using the spearman’s correlation coefficient method.

In the former method, the closer they are to the line, the more correlated they are and the more dispersed from the line, the less correlated they are (Johnston

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Risk Management in Project Management Proposal college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Introduction The successful implementation of a project is widely dependent on the risk management. A poorly planned project may result in loss of resources and can even lead to quitting of some of the members. Project managers need to do risk planning in order to identify potential problems that might hinder the success of your project.

They should also evaluate the probability of a problem arising and the actions that should be taken to diminish the risks that cannot be avoided and avert those that can be avoided. Risk is all that can arise and alter the results of the project.

Research issues Risk is uncertain and should be handled carefully when planning your project. One of the options used to tackle the risk is to avert it. The other way is to mitigate risk taking an action that will make the risk do minimal damage to your project.

Also the risk can be transferred to another party. A good way of handling is to buy insurance. Lastly you can accept the risk.

The other thing is for the project manager to come up with a specific plan on how to handle the risk. This outlines how the risk will be assessed, who will work on this problem and the frequency of doing it. The plan should put the risks under various categories.

The plan should also describe the probability of the risk occurring since some risks have a high probability of occurrence than others (Royer, 2001, p. 45). It should also evaluate the effects of the risk to the project and classify them on a scale from minimal to severe.

For big projects a Risk Breakdown Structure (RBS) should be used to come up with a risk management plan. It is a very effective way to tackle the risks.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After categorizing the risks, one more important thing is to identify the risks. The best way is to involve the team members to help you identify possible risks. One of the best ways to identify risks is brainstorming by the project team.

According to Royer (2001), the facilitator of a brainstorming session should lead the team members to turn their ideas into a list of risks. The other way to identify risks is through interviews. This can be done to other members of the organization or experts (Royer, 2001, p. 25).

The Delphi technique is used to get experts’ opinions where they are gathered into a room and then asked questions. The other way to identify risks is to use of the root cause identification. This involves analyzing the risk and figuring out its main causes. Other ways include use of SWOT analysis and document reviews.

The last thing in project risk management is to put all the risks in a risk register. This involves a table with columns. The first column indicates the risk; the second column lists the possible reactions to the risk while the third column lists the sources of the risk.

This helps the project manager to see a clear picture of the risks involved. The final thing is to rank your risk (William, 2006, p. 56). The risk with the greatest effect is to be handled first. Research can be conducted to determine the most efficient way to register risks.

Project risk management is very essential in project management and it should be done carefully. Project managers should critically analyze the risks to ensure the projects are completed successfully.

References Royer, P. S. 2001. Project risk management: a proactive approach. Expert Publishers, Chicago.

We will write a custom Proposal on Risk Management in Project Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More William, S. 2006. Risk management is projects. Frontier Publishers, New York.

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Marketing Campaign for a 3 stars resort with and innovative concept in Mallorca Analytical Essay cheap essay help

Table of Contents Resort description

Corporate mission

Objectives and goals

Segmentation, targeting and positioning

Advertising campaign

Media plan

Public relations campaign

Conclusion

Reference List

Resort description Resort All Inclusive is a 3-stars hotel that recently entered the Mediterranean Basin hotel industry. The hotel is strategically located at Mallorca Island. The hotel industry in Mallorca has been characterized by rampant growth over the past decades as a result of increment in the rate of tourism in the region (Buswell, 2009).

Decision to locate the resort at Mallorca was motivated by the need to exploit the tourism resources in the Mediterranean Basin.

According to Buswell (2009), Mallorca is characterized by physical resources that are significant in development of tourism. The main resources include beaches, vegetation and fascinating mountains.

To attract both local and international customers, Resort All Inclusive is committed at ensuring that clients attain a high level of customer satisfaction. To attract and accommodate a large number of customers, the resort has 4 buildings that have a total of 600 rooms.

The rooms are specially designed and furnished to give an appealing ambience. Jenkins and Pigram (2006) are of the opinion that resorts should offer a range of leisure, shopping, transport, recreation, accommodation and entertainment facilities. Inclusion of these components is fundamental in attracting and retaining tourists.

This arises from the fact that customers have diverse tastes and preferences. Firms’ management team should undertake a comprehensive market research in order to develop a comprehensive understanding of customer needs. The research should focus on both the consumer and the competitor.

The resort has incorporated a number of entertainment facilities which include a football courtyard, table tennis, 4 swimming pools, a volleyball court and a mini golf court. Additionally, the resort is also constituted of 3 restaurants, 1 oriental thematic restaurant, 3 bars, a pizzeria, snack bar and a barbecue.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Corporate mission Most businesses derive their success from adhering to the set objectives and principles outlined in their mission statement. The mission statement guides the various activities undertaken by businesses (Kazmi, 2008).

In the course of its operation, the resort is guided by an effective mission that entails providing unique hospitality experience to customers.

The resort intends to achieve this by offering high quality services to customers in addition to promoting a business environment that is fosters a high level of friendship, openness and comfort. To improve its public image, the resort has incorporated the principles of environmental responsibility and sustainability.

Objectives and goals One of the aspects that the resort’s management team has identified being critical in its quest to attain competitiveness entails creating sufficient market awareness.

Consequently, the resort intends to develop a comprehensive marketing campaign. The campaign is aimed at attaining a number of financial and non-financial objectives as outlined below.

To provide the resort’s owners with reasonable return on their investment. The firm intends to achieve this by increasing the firm’s sales revenue with a margin of 20% within one year after launching the marketing campaign.

To continuously increase the resort’s growth in sales revenue during the summer and winter months and attain global market awareness in 3 years.

To create new revenue opportunities by diversifying its source markets.

To double the size of customer base within 5 years.

Segmentation, targeting and positioning According to Jenkins and Pigram (2006) market segmentation is ranked amongst the most important strategic management concepts in marketing.

Segmentation entails dividing the entire market into small and distinct components depending on variables such as buyer characteristics and customer requirements (Havaldar, 2010). Market segmentation is very important in ensuring that a particular firm effectively addresses the target market needs.

We will write a custom Essay on Marketing Campaign for a 3 stars resort with and innovative concept in Mallorca specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the ways through which market segmentation achieves this is by formulate effective marketing strategies. There are various variables that firms can use in the process of segmenting the market.

One category of variables includes demographic variables. Johnson, Scholes and Whittington (2008) define targeting to include the process of assessing the most optimal market segment to select.

Upon determining the segmentation and targeting strategies to be incorporated, it is fundamental for marketing managers to ensure that a clear and appropriate image with regard to the firm and its products or services is developed amongst consumers.

To achieve this, marketing managers are charged with the responsibility of ensuring that effective positioning strategies are incorporated. Johnson, Scholes and Whittington (2008) further define positioning as ‘the process of designing distinctive offerings and images for target markets’ (p. 261).

Over the past decade, Mallorca hotel industry has become very competitive. Intense competition is mainly evident in the 3-star sector. According to Buswell (2009), 55.2% of hotels in Mallorca were 3-star hotels. However, by 2008, the number of 3-star hotels had declined to 52.8%.

This shows that 3-star hotels have lost some ground. One of the factors that have led to decline in the number of 3-star hotels relates to emergence of 5-star hotels which have gained substantial publicity. However, their market share is relatively small (Buswell, 2009)

Considering the above changes in the hotel industry, it is important for the resorts’ management team to institute effective segmentation, targeting and positioning strategies.

To attain competitiveness, Resort All Inclusive has adopted demographic variables in segmenting the market. Segmentation will aid in determination of the most effective methods to incorporate in its marketing campaign. The firm segmented the market on the basis of social class.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Campaign for a 3 stars resort with and innovative concept in Mallorca by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The three main social class constructs that will be considered include lifestyle, income and occupation. To increase its profitability, Resort All Inclusive will target tourists, the business community and visiting business travellers in the Island.

The resort will also target high-end consumers who have a relatively high income and have incorporated leisure in their consumption process. To maximize sales revenue, the resort will target both domestic and international tourists.

To appeal to a large number of potential customers within the target customer groups, the resort has developed an effective positioning strategy. The positioning strategy entails differentiating the services provided thus increasing the probability of customers attaining exceptional experiences.

Exceptional value will be attained by incorporating the concept of value addition. The resort intends to position itself as a 3-star plus hotel that is strategically located and committed towards provision of differentiated services that will lead in customers feeling respected, appreciated and valued.

According to O’Quinn, Allen and Semenik (2009), advertising campaigns are fundamental components in firm’s effort to create awareness of their brand.

Advertising campaign Resort All Inclusive; “Stay Resort All Inclusive, Go Everywhere”. “Go Chill”, “Go Foodie” and “Go Refresh”.

Media plan The firm appreciates the importance of incorporating an effective media plan in the advertising campaign. According to Drewniany and Jewler (2008), hoteliers should undertake an optimal selection of the media to use in the advertising campaign in order to achieve the intended objectives.

The campaign will be conducted through both traditional and emerging advertising mediums. Some of the traditional mediums used include posting the advertising message in travel magazines, business dailies and newspapers.

To appeal to customers, the firm posts the ad message and images on bill boards that are strategically located. The message is also conveyed to customers through television and radio adverts.

The adverts are also posted on the firm’s website and social media such as You Tube and Facebook in order to reach a large number of potential customers.

The media plan used by the firm has been very effective in attracting customers. This arises from the fact that it effectively communicates the unique quality of products and services offered at the hotel. By patronising the hotel, customers are guaranteed maximum satisfaction.

The satisfaction is derived from the wide range of products offered. Different foods and drinks that are prepared by qualified chefs are offered in the 3 restaurants in the resort. Consequently, customers’ tastes and preferences are taken into consideration.

The hotel rooms will be fitted with necessary technologies such as Wi-Fi, and free internet in order to cater the needs of business customers and tourists.

In effort to appeal to a large number of potential customers, Resort All Inclusive has also adopted use of video in its media plan. The firm posts videos and images of the hotel and the products provided on various mediums such as magazines newspapers, it official website, You Tube and Facebook.

Posting images and videos related to Resort All Inclusive products and services such as the sporting facilities, foods and drinks on the internet significantly influences the target customers in their decision making process.

The hotel room image below is one of the images posted on the firm’s website, Facebook and You Tube. This plays a significant role in attracting potential customers by appealing their emotion.

Public relations campaign In addition to the ad campaign Resort All Inclusive is committed at developing a strong customer relationship. Gregory (2000) asserts that public relation campaigns are fundamental in developing customer relationship.

Considering the fact that the resort is located along the Mallorca Beach, the hotel hosts kite surfing events dubbed ‘Resort All Inclusive, Leisure with a difference”. The event is usually held during the summer and winter seasons.

The event is comprised of various surface water sports which include paragliding, windsurfing, extreme sports, gymnastics and wakeboarding. The event attracts different water sports fans within and without Mallorca. Additionally, the hotel also hosts other sports events such as football, table tennis and tennis.

Some of the celebrities that the events attract include Roger Federer and Rafa Nadal. The celebrities play an important role in endorsing the event. In the process of making their consumption decisions, consumers are influenced by celebrities.

This explains why Resort All Inclusive has appreciated the importance of endorsements of its products and services by renowned celebrities.

The event is very famous that it attracts both domestic and international sports journalists who cover the event. Consequently, the resort has been able to develop sufficient market awareness both domestically and internationally.

Upon introducing new products and services or improving the existing products, Resort All Inclusive conducts press conferences. The press conference is aimed at creating awareness to target customers regarding the new products and the improvement undertaken.

In the press conference, Resort All Inclusive explains the benefits that customers will derive by consuming the new products or services. Both domestic and international journalists are invited in order to create awareness to large number potential customers.

According to Marchand (2000), press conferences are an important element in firm’s promotional and public relations efforts.

To improve its effectiveness in developing a strong customer relationship, the resort also undertakes electronic public relations campaign. To achieve this, the firm has developed a Wiki and a Blog through it interacts with its customers.

These tools provide customers with an opportunity to communicate their opinion regarding the services provided by the firm.

On the other hand, Resort All Inclusive is able to clarify various issues that arise from the market. Consequently, Resort All Inclusive is able to access market sentiments hence undertaking the necessary product and service improvements.

Upon launching an advertising campaign and public relations campaign, the resort’s management team objective is for the campaign to run for one year. It is the objective of Resort All Inclusive management team that one year is sufficient to create the desired level of market awareness.

However, the firm is cognisant of the need to ensure that consumers are constantly informed. Consequently, the firm allocates a substantial amount of money in its budget for the campaign.

In this campaign, the firm has allocated $2 million to cater for the campaign. Despite the cost involved, the advertising campaign is very effective in enhancing the firm’s long term survival (O’Guinnn, 2009).

Conclusion There is a high probability of Resort All Inclusive succeeding in attaining a substantial market share in the 3-star hotel industry in Mallorca. This arises from the fact that the firm is committed at creating sufficient market awareness.

The advertising and public relations campaign have been very effective in influencing the consumers in their decision making process.

From the analysis conducted, it is evident that Resort All Inclusive hotel is committed at increasing its sales revenue by undertaking a comprehensive advertising and public relations campaign.

The objective of the ad campaign adopted by the resort will enable the firm to continuously develop sufficient level of market awareness amongst the target customer groups.

The firm will derive its success from the effectiveness with which it creates market awareness. By adopting the above advertising campaign, there is likelihood that the resort will attract both domestic and foreign customers.

This arises from the fact that the resort will continuously appeal to its target customer groups hence influencing their purchase decisions. The use of traditional and emerging marketing communication mediums will create awareness to a large number of potential customers.

Consequently, the firm will increase its customer base. The public relations campaigns will improve the effectiveness with which the firm interacts with its customers. The sporting event attracts numerous sports athletes and fans hence improving the resorts publicity.

To determine the effectiveness of the advertising campaign, Resort All Inclusive undertakes continuous review of the campaign. The review aids Resort All Inclusive in the process of making the necessary adjustments hence improving its effectiveness.

Reference List Buswell, R. (2009). Mallorca and tourism. History, economy and environment. Mallorca: Channel View Publications.

Drewniany, B.

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Consumer Buying Behavior – Muffin Consumption Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Understanding 45 – 65 Demographic Consumer Buying Behavior

Rational Buying Behavior

Works Cited

Introduction Studies such as those by Heffetz (2012) explain that in the case of the 45-65 age demographic, buying decisions on food are oriented more towards long term healthy food choices and, as such, they are willing to spend considerable amounts on food that they know is healthy (Heffetz, 801-818).

Evidence of this can be seen in the creation of several companies that produce products specifically targeted at this demographic, such as high fiber cereals, vitamin enriched bread, various types of multi-vitamins and a variety of other products (Heffetz, 801-818).

Not only that, the study “Disparities in the Frequency Of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Socio-Demographic and Lifestyle Characteristics in Canada” (2011) which examined consumer trends in healthy eating revealed that as consumers age they tend to take into consideration the type of food they eat given their susceptibility to illnesses due to their advanced age (Disparities in The Frequency of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption, 118-125).

As a result, they are willing to spend more to get better high quality food that is rich in vitamins, fiber and other nutritious elements.

From these studies, it is evident that consumer buying behavior for the 45-65 demographic is oriented more towards healthy food choices wherein they first consider the health benefits of what they consume as opposed to its affordability or popularity.

While muffins are not as popular as compared to burgers, shakes, and fries, they are a healthier choice which appeals to the 45-65 age demographic.

Understanding 45 – 65 Demographic Consumer Buying Behavior When examining the 45-65 demographic, it can be seen in the study by Wheatley et al., (1980) that consumers within this age bracket have more disposable income as compared to either the 18-29 or 30 – 44 demographics (Wheatley et al., 31).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Wheatley et al., (1980) explains that this age group is closer to retirement and has already reached a point in their lives where they have paid off large additional expenses such as mortgages and car loans which are normally accumulated early in life which results in a greater amount of disposable income.

Combined with the fact that individuals within this age group normally have had long and fulfilling careers resulting in advanced positions within their respective companies (i.e. managers, shift leaders, foreman, principles etc.) results in higher levels of income as compared to their counterparts in the 18-29 demographic who are still staring their careers, the 30 – 44 who are in the middle of their careers and the 66 and above demographic who rely primarily on their retirement income.

As such, it can be assumed that the 45 – 65 demographic has high amounts of disposable income which has a direct influence on their buying behavior.

It is normally the case that under the concept of budget constraints, each consumer is assumed to have a fixed and finite income due to the limited amount of work in exchange for income each individual consumer is capable of achieving.

When taking into consideration a high income threshold and the aforementioned desire for high quality health food, as seen in the study of Heffetz (2012), this means that the 45-65 demographic is not concerned with the price of the food that they are buying but rather its potential health benefits.

Thus, when it comes to purchasing a muffin from the Muffin Shoppe it is likely that these consumers would choose from a selection of muffins that they would perceive as giving them the highest health benefits regardless of the cost (i.e. whole wheat muffins, bran muffins, banana muffins etc.).

Nandamuri et al. (2012) adds to the argument by showing that this particular consumer demographic is more likely to spend more on quality food as compared to consumer electronics due to their age factoring into their adaptability to new types of popular culture technology (i.e. iPhones, iPads, etc.) which enables them to spend more money on high quality consumable goods (Nandamuri et al., 48-63).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Consumer Buying Behavior – Muffin Consumption specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Rational Buying Behavior The concept of rational behavior assumes that all consumers are rational individuals who try to use their earned incomes in order to derive the greatest amount of satisfaction/ utility.

In other words, consumers try to get the most out of their income through rational buying behavior which results in a maximization of total utility from the products or services used.

In the case of the 45-65 demographic, rational behavior comes in the form of choosing healthy food options, despite the cost, due to their deteriorating health as a result of old age.

Rational behavior is based on the fact that consumers should act in an economically competent manner to not spend too much money on irrational purchases or services.

For the age demographic under examination, this means purchasing food items that contribute to their well being (ex: healthy muffins, fruits, vegetables etc.) as oppose to those that result in bodily harm (i.e. burgers, fries, donuts, etc.).

Consumers from this age demographic are inherently aware of how much in the way of marginal utility they are able to derive from successive use/consumption of a healthy product and, as such, orient their buying behavior towards this type of consumption.

Works Cited “Disparities In The Frequency Of Fruit And Vegetable Consumption By Socio-Demographic And Lifestyle Characteristics In Canada.” Nutrition Journal 10.1 (2011): 118-125.

Heffetz, Ori. “Who Sees What? Demographics And The Visibility Of Consumer Expenditures.” Journal Of Economic Psychology 33.4 (2012): 801-818.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Consumer Buying Behavior – Muffin Consumption by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nandamuri, Purna Prabhakar, and Ch. Gowthami. “Influence Of Consumer Demographics On Attitude Towards Branded Products: An Exploratory Study On Consumer Durables In Rural Markets.” IUP Journal Of Marketing Management 11.3 (2012): 48-63.

Wheatley, John J., John S. Y. Chiu, and Andrea C. Stevens. “Demographics To Predict Consumption.” Journal Of Advertising Research 20.6 (1980): 31

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The Main Aspects of Buddhism Essay (Book Review) college essay help: college essay help

Three jewels namely: Buddha, Dharma and Sangha are the three main aspects of Buddhism. Dharma is a name that is used to define the teachings of the leader called Buddha while Sangha describes the entire community of Buddhism.

The religion is however, not universal as compared to the others. This is because it varies from country to country and from one sect to another. To try to unify it, the monks and nuns still follow the teachings that existed during the ancient times.

It is a sin to lie, still, kill, and engage in sexual acts and to take intoxicants for the nuns and monks. An exception is given only for some of the nuns and monks from Japan and Korea who are allowed to marry and have families of their own.1

The rest should follow the latter. If the sins are committed, the monks and nuns risked expulsion which was a very embarrassing moment for them.

This was ensured through taking of oaths and going through training sessions and seminars regularly to remind them on what they are expected to do. Religious activities are carried out by the monks and the nuns as well as giving service to the community without bias.2

Buddhism is one of the most dominant religions in the world. Today, the religion is diverse compared to the way it was some few years ago. It has been adopted as a culture and a political basis in some counties of the world.

It is taking new forms in ceratin countries especially because of the way certain governments are trying to eliminate it. It is also vital to note that the Ancient Buddhists’ pictures and carvings have been stored in museums and myriads of stories written about them, how they started and progressed till this date.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Templates have also been developed to explain how and why this religion came into existence. When relatives die, there are rituals that are carried out in harmony to mourn the loss.

In order to ensure that its existence is not eliminated from the face of the earth, some universities and institutions of higher learning have adopted it as part of the curriculum.

Students are taught about the religion so as to keep it alive. There are quite a number of rituals that are always followed such as ringing the bell in Japan on the eve of every New Year.3 The people take it both as a religious and a cultural practice. Some of the rituals, beliefs and acts conflict with the expectations of the government.

For instance, this religion was abolished ling ago in China for the same reason. All the temples that were used for worshiping were brought down, nuns and monks demanded to follow a secular life failure to which they would find themselves in trouble. The government assimilated Tibet.

This eventually made Dalai Lama to vacate the country. Several other countries including Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand are working hard to recover the religion. Since they followed the Buddhism religion, the monks and nuns were killed and others taken to prison.

On separate occasions, the Tibet people, monks and nuns have always protested with the aim of bringing back the religion to its feet. The religion is still prominent in Asia and it is treated as a culture not a religion.4

Bibliography Garfield Johnston. “Buddhism and Modernity.” Smith College, Melbourne. Web.

We will write a custom Book Review on The Main Aspects of Buddhism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Julia Hardy. “Religion Library.” Buddhism. Web.

Sahn, Seung. On Kong-an Practice in Only Don’t Know: Selected Teaching Letters of Zen Master Seung Sahn London: Shambhala Publications, 1999.

Footnotes 1 Hardy Julia, “Religion Library,” Buddhism.

2 Seung Sahn, On Kong-an Practice” in Only Don’t Know: Selected Teaching Letters of Zen Master Seung Sahn. (Boston

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Project Management: GenRays Case Study custom essay help

Project management knowledge areas Projects refer to temporary endeavors that are undertaken with the objective of attaining unique purpose. To develop long term competitiveness, organizations in different economic sectors are increasingly integrating projects in their strategic management practices.

To attain their desired goals, project managers must ensure that projects are effectively managed. In view of this, project managers should possess and incorporate relevant skills, techniques, knowledge and tools.

Consequently, it is important for project managers to be conversant with a number of project management knowledge areas.

The main project management knowledge areas that project managers should take into account include project integration management, time management, project scope management, project cost management, human resource management, quality management, communication management, procurement management and risk management.

Project management knowledge areas Recommended tools Justification for the tool Project integration management Designing and development of clearly outlined project charter and project plan. Currently, the new HRIS project is in its planning stage. -An effective cultural-fit analysis tool will be instituted. The project charter and project plan will aid in illustrating the activities to be undertaken in order to effectively integrate the new HRIS. Cultural-fit analysis tool will contribute towards development of a strong project team. This will attained through integration of effective team formation process which include forming, norming, and storming stages. Project scope management Development of project scope document and work breakdown structure. The project scope document and work breakdown structure will aid in developing clear understanding of project objective, technical requirements, deliverables and milestones. Project time management -Creating a project schedule -Microsoft Project technology will be used in managing time in the project. The time schedule will improve the effectiveness of completing the project on schedule. Project cost management Designing a project budget Adherence to project budget will aid in ensuring that project is completed on the allocated budget. The finance manager has allocated $ 103,000 in the project budget. Project quality management Development of a quality plan and a performance reporting document. The quality plan and performance reporting will aid in evaluating the firm’s performance. Consequently, it will be possible for GenRays to undertake performance improvement. Project human resource management Development of a human resource plan. Project human resource management will also incorporate an employee training program. The HR management plan and training program will aid in the process of identifying, selecting and developing a strong project team. Project communication management Designing a comprehensive communication plan Decision to develop a communication plan is informed by the need to incorporate all stakeholders involved in the institution of the new HRIS. This will be attained by informing the stakeholders on the projects’ progress. Additionally, communication plan will aid in dealing with disputes that may arise. Project risk management Designing a qualitative and qualitative risk analysis tool. The risk analysis tools will aid in the process of identifying potential risks that might hinder the projects’ progress. The qualitative and quantitative risk analysis tools will provide a clue on the best risk responses. Project procurement Project procurement plan The procurement plan will outline how the various requirements for implementing the new HRIS will be procured. Additionally, the plan will also outline how the procurement process will be undertaken. The procurement plan will aid in ensuring that GenRays procures the best HRIS. The plan will also aid in selecting the best vendor to configure and implement the new payroll system. Project description To improve the effectiveness with which it manages its workforce, GenRays’ management team has identified the need to boost its payroll capabilities. Thus, the firm intends to overhaul the old payroll system and institute emerging HR management technologies.

In the initial phase, the firm intends to implement a new Human Resource Information System [HRIS]. GenRays projects that the new HRIS will positively impact its operational efficiency in a number of ways.

The new HRIS system will be more advanced hence allowing GenRays’ employees to track their career progress. Therefore, the new HRIS system will form the basis upon which GenRays will engage in career planning.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, it will be possible for employees to determine whether their career goals are aligned with organizational goals. The President and Chief Executive Officer of GenRays assert that he has experienced professional growth by being one of the firm’s employees.

Consequently, the new HRIS system will enable employees determine whether their current work place will enhance attainment of their career goals. On the other hand, HRIS will enable GenRays to be more transparent in its recruitment process.

One of the ways through which the new HRIS system will improve the recruitment process is by analyzing the applicant’s credentials in order to determine the most qualified candidate.

Moreover, recruiting employees using the new HRIS system, GenRays will culminate in development of a strong human resource base that will promote its competitive advantage with respect to human capital.

The new HRIS system will provide employees with an opportunity to access the system frequently hence increasing the likelihood with which employees identify and apply for vacant position.

This means that the new HRIS system will promote attainment of a high level employee satisfaction and organizational identification.

In summary, investing in the new HRIS system is aimed at improving the effectiveness with which GenRays manages its workforce information. In the recent past, GenRays implemented a financial integration system. The system has successfully improved the firm’s saving thrift.

We will write a custom Case Study on Project Management: GenRays specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Schwalbe (2010),“the people time saved with calculation speed in the system was near to six months less time required for reaching the return on investment point” (p.29). By implementing the new HRIS system, GenRays intends to increase the volume of its savings.

The savings are expected to be derived from elimination of the tedious management of employee information using manual systems. The paperwork and time involved in the management of employee information using the old system will be eliminated.

Customer requirements and characteristics The new HRIS system is focused at improving the firm’s performance with regard to management of personnel. In the course of their employment, employees are not only motivated by financial goals but also by career goals.

In the process of implementing the new HRIS system, the project manager will take into account a number of customers. Some of the key customer groups include the employees, the management and the vendors.

The employees will require the new HRIS system to increase the effectiveness with which they track their career progress. As a result, the stakeholders require the new HRIS system to have optimal reporting capabilities. By assessing their performance, employees will be able to clearly define their career path.

The employees require the new HRIS system to assist GenRays in its quest to develop a strong human capital through employee development. On the other hand, the firm’s management requires the new HRIS system to be effective in undertaking performance review.

Statement of Work Every project should have a clearly defined statement of work which describes the various activities that have to be undertaken in order to achieve the intended project deliverables. The process of implementing a new HRIS system in GenRays will be guided by a clearly outlined statement of work.

Considering the fact that the new HRIS system is intended at improving GenRays’ effectiveness in human resource management, a high level of functionality will be required.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Project Management: GenRays by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To achieve this, the project manager is required to ensure that the necessary hardware and software technologies are procured. This will increase the rate at which the employees will utilize the new HRIS system upon its launch.

Despite the GenRays’ intention to have the new system being utilized in all its stations, the Project Manager appreciates the importance of the system being rolled out in phases. The first phase will entail implementing the new HRIS system in the firm’s headquarters.

This will aid in assessing its effectiveness before launching the system in other stations. In addition to the above, implementation of the entire project is expected to be completed by the end of the firm’s fiscal year.

Therefore, the Project Manager intends to commence the implementation process immediately after gaining approval from the relevant authorities. Additionally, the Project Manager is optimistic that there will be no major challenges that will lead to the project deviating from the expected completion time.

Project deliverables To ensure optimal implementation of the new HRIS system, a number of deliverables have to be met. Some of the key deliverables are outlined below.

Developing a need analysis document outlining what the HRIS system intends to achieve.

Developing a training program that will be used in ensuring that GenRays’ staff is fully trained. The training program will take into account all the needs of the employees in order to increase system utilization.

Configuring the new HRIS system- The system will be configured to ensure that it meets the employees’ information needs.

Completing data migration- The Project Manager will ensure that all the employee data from various locations is transferred to the new HRIS system.

Launching the new HRIS system.

Project acceptance criteria GenRays’ management team is committed at ensuring that the new HRIS system is successful upon its implementation. Consequently, the Project Manager will ensure that a comprehensive acceptance criterion is incorporated. The criterion will entail assessing the system’s functionality.

The project will be considered a success if it increases the effectiveness with which the GenRays manages its personnel information. One of the aspects that will be considered in accepting the system is determining the likelihood of the employees utilizing the system in their career development path.

Currently, GenRays utilizes a traditional human resource management system to assess their performance. Additionally, the old system entails reviewing employee performance on the basis of their salary grade and job title. Such a system is relatively ineffective.

This limits the effectiveness with which they assess their performance. However, implementation of the new HRIS system is expected to improve the effectiveness with which employees are managed. One of the ways through which the firm will attain this is by improving its recruitment capabilities.

Therefore, the new HRIS system will be assessed on the effectiveness with which the new system will contribute towards improvement in its competitiveness with regard to human capital. An analysis determining the short-term and long-term benefits of the system to the firm’s operation will be taken into account.

Project acceptance criteria will also be undertaken by auditing the projects’ budget. This will aid in assessing whether the firm has sufficient funds to undertake the project. Currently, the firm has allocated a budget of $ 103,000 for implementation of the new HRIS system.

Work Breakdown Structure Description Responsible Deliverables Title of Project Project definition and initiation Project Manager , The Executive Management team, and Vendors Development of a clear project scope document Undertaking system evaluation Project Manager and external consultants Determination of systems functionality Establishment of a communication plan Project Manager Establishment of communication process in the project team. Training employees Project Manager in conjunction with external stakeholders Development of a high rate of understanding regarding the new HRIS system. Systems configuration Project Manager and the technical team Effective system configuration. System integration Project Manager Ensuring that the new HRIS is effectively incorporated in GenRays HR management. Project boundaries This project is intended at implementing a new HRIS system. Consequently, clear project boundaries will be defined. Consequently, some of the project boundaries relate to ensuring improvement of employees’ relations in GenRays.

Additionally, the new HRIS system is also aimed at ensuring that GenRays’ maximizes its operational efficiency.

Thus, the new HRIS system will contribute towards improvement in the effectiveness with which GenRays manages its human capital. This will determine the extent to which the firm will improve its ability to attain its growth objectives in the future.

Project assumptions A number of assumptions will be taken into account in the process of implementing the new HRIS system. Some of these assumptions are outlined below.

Firstly, GenRays assumes that there are adequate HRIS system suppliers in the market. This will ensure that the new HRIS system is effectively implemented.

The Project Manager assumes that the selected vendors will adequately supply the required materials for implementation of the HRIS system.

Despite developing a contingency plan, it is also assumed that there are no events that will distort implementation of the new HRIS system.

One of the factors that the Project Manager will take into account in implementing the project relates to cost. The Project Manager assumes that in the event of an increment in the cost the project, some of the project features will be reviewed to minimize cost. However, the review process will not affect the performance and efficiency of the new HRIS system.

The project manager assumes that the new HRIS system will be fully implemented by the end of the firm’s fiscal year. Accordingly, the Project Manager assumes that implementation of the system will not experience any configuration problem.

Initial defined risks The Project Manager is cognizant of the fact that implementation of the new HRIS system may be hindered by a number of risks. Accordingly, relevant mitigation strategies have been put in place. Some of the risks that have been identified are discussed herein.

The Project Manager is cognizant of the fact that implementation of the new HRIS system may experience a challenge arising from the allocated budget not being sufficient. Budget loss may adversely affect attainment of project goal.

To mitigate this risk, the Project Manager will request the relevant authority from GenRays to allocate a contingency budget.

Secondly, the Project Manager will ensure that the relevant components and materials such as the software package are purchased in time. This will aid in reducing risks associated with an increment in software cost.

The Project Manager recognizes the fact that the project may experience a challenge with regard to resource conflict which might result in the project being derailed.

To mitigate this risk, the Project Manager will guarantee appropriate resource allocation technologies are utilized. One of the technologies that will be used to reduce possibility of resource conflict occurring is Microsoft Project.

Projects take a substantial amount of time to be completed regardless of their size. Consequently, the amount of time allocated to implementation of the new HRIS system might be insufficient.

Such an occurrence will result in the project failing to attain the set deliverables within the set timeframe. To mitigate this risk, a number of measures will be taken into account.

First, the Project Manager will employ the concept of benchmarking in order to ensure that the set goals are attained within the set timeline. Secondly, Microsoft Project technology will be taken into account in the process of managing time.

The Project Manager is also cognizant of the project experiencing poor project coordination. To deal with this challenge, the project manager will institute an effective communication plan.

The communication plan will be aimed at eliminating possible conflict amongst project team members. Additionally, an internal HR communication plan will be instituted to ensure that effective communication to project team members is undertaken.

In addition to the above risks, the Project Manager recognizes the likelihood of the new HRIS system experiencing a challenge with regard to system configuration. One source of risk relate to poor system configuration which might adversely affect the system’s performance.

The risk of poor system configuration might originate from lack of sufficient knowledge and skills. To eliminate this risk, the Project Manager will ensure that the best system practices are incorporated in the process of implementing the new system.

Effective system documentation will be developed to improve the project implementing team’s knowledge on how to undertake effective system configuration.

A continuous review on the project’s implementation progress will be undertaken. This will aid in tracking and determining the success with which the new HRIS system will be implemented.

Failure of the new HRIS system to achieve the intended objective is another major risk that the project manager appreciates. Occurrence of this risk may cause GenRays not to launch the system. This may negatively impact the employees’ morale.

Consequently, the likelihood of employees supporting the firm’s quest to implement new technologies in the future will be adversely affected. The chart below illustrates a summary of the initial defined risks and constraints in the project.

The risks are assessed on the degree of magnitude. The risk is either categorized as being Low (L), Medium (M) or High (H).

Risk event Impact Likelihood of occurrence Degree of impact Action trigger Responsibility Response plan Budget loss Increase in the cost of the project H H Changes in the macro environment. Project Manager and Sponsor Effective definition of the project scope in order to factor the necessary resource requirements. Resource conflict Changing the timeline L H Project Manager Ensuring effective resource allocation. System configuration challenges Low system utilization L H Poor system configuration. Project Manager Ensuring that the employee training program on system configuration is effectively implemented Time conflict Failure of the project to be completed within the set time H H Changes in the external business environment Project Manager Effective allocation of tasks to team members. Failure of the project to attain the intended objective. Inability of GenRays to be effective in managing its workforce L M Poor system configuration Project Manager The Project Manager will undertake long-term need analysis in order to determine the system’s effectiveness in attaining the intended objective. Project approval The Project Manager will seek approval of the project from the relevant authority in GenRays prior to its implementation.

Some of the parties from whom the Project Manager will seek approval from include the President and Chief Executive Officer, Vice Presidents of various departments which include finance, marketing, and manufacturing.

Moreover, approval will also be sought from the Information Technology Director, the Plant Manager, and the Human Resource Director.

In addition to seeking project approval from internal stakeholders, the Project Manager will also seek the opinion of external stakeholders such as the selected vendors. This will aid in assessing the practicability of the new HRIS system.

Work Breakdown Structure Dictionary WBS activity Work item definition Labor resource Duration in days 1 Project definition and initiation Developing the project charter, delivering the project charter to Project Sponsors, creating a preliminary scope statement, establishing the project team and requesting the necessary financial and labor resources. Project Manager, vendors and external consultants 16 2 System evaluation and selection Identifying and selecting the best HRIS system vendor. Project Manager 16 3 Pre-launch training Designing and printing the training guidebook, designing the training program to be used, outsourcing a HRIS trainer. Project Manager in collaboration with the vendor. 21 4 System configuration Installing and configuring the actual system Project Manager, the vendor and the entire project team. 35 5 System integration Linking the computer software and hardware in order to attain a high level of functionality. System integration will be undertaken by undertaking effective computer programming, computer networking, business process management, and enterprise application integration. System vendor 12 6 Data migration and testing Transferring the data to the new HRIS system. Project team members 46 7 Launching the system Undertaking post-launching training in order to ensure that employees learn about system’s functionality Project manager 16 Project scheduling The Project Manager appreciates the fact that one of the major challenges that might be experienced in the course of implementing the new HRIS system relates to resource scarcity. Consequently, it will be ensured that the various activities to be undertaken in implementing the new HRIS system adhere to the set time frame.

Failure to adhere to the set time may result in deviation with regard to attainment of the intended goal. One of the factors that might cause project deviations relate to changes in macro-environment such as the recent global economic recession.

To achieve this, effective project scheduling will be undertaken. The objective of scheduling will be to ensure that the various tasks are completed within the set time or at the earliest time possible.

Project scheduling will improve the effectiveness with which the project manager allocates resources in addition to tracking the project’s progress.

In the process of implementing the new HRIS system, the Project Manager will ensure that all the activities to be undertaken are clearly defined.

Moreover, the expected implementation duration for every activity identified will be clearly defined. The Gantt chart below illustrates the various activities that will be taken into account in the process of implementing the new HRIS system.

Project activity 15th-30thMarch 1st-15thApril 16th-20thApril 21stMay -19thJune 16th– 30thMay Project definition and approval Project initiation System’s evaluation and integration Developing a communication plan Training employees Systems configuration Testing the system System integration Data migration Systems launch Critical path According to Schwalbe (2010), critical path is an essential element that Project Managers should consider in their resource allocation and scheduling processes. By using the critical path method, Project Managers are able to predict the total duration that the project will take to be completed.

With regard to projects, the critical path entails the various project activities that should be undertaken in order to complete the project within the earliest time possible. In the network diagram, the critical path is depicted by the longest path.

The chart below illustrates a network diagram detailing the various activities to be undertaken in the process of implementing the new HRIS system. The duration within which every activity is expected to be completed is clearly illustrated. The critical path for the project is 155 days as shown below.

Critical path = 16 days 5 days 16 days 35 days 46 days 21 days 16 days

= 155 days.

Implications of project scheduling In process of implementing the new HRIS system, the Project Manager is cognizant of the fact that the project might not attain the intended objective in the event of poor scheduling. Project scheduling will ensure that all the necessary activities are undertaken within the set timeframe.

This emanates from the fact that the Project Manager ensures that the various project activities are clearly defined. This increases the effectiveness of designing a project implementation plan.

Additionally, the effectiveness with which the Project Manager monitors the effectiveness with which the various activities are undertaken is increased.

Project scheduling is also important in that it aids the project manager in assessing the volume of workload involved in ensuring that the project is successfully implemented. By designing the Gantt chart, the project manager is able to track the progress of the various work activities.

On the other hand, integrating an effective project schedule and identifying the various activities to be undertaken aids in creating a strong teamwork environment. This emanates from the fact that project team members are able to identify the various activities to be undertaken.

Additionally, the project team members appreciate the fact that implementation of the new HRIS system will be interdependent on the success of respective team members in undertaking the tasks assigned.

The systems’ evaluation and selection process will improve the effectiveness with which the Project Manager ensures that the best technology is procured.

Scheduling is also an important component of the project implementation process. This arises from the fact that it aids in the process of allocating resources such as time. For example, some activities in the implementation process are scheduled to be undertaken concurrently.

This plays a critical role in saving time hence increasing the probability of the new HRIS system being implemented within the set timeframe. Consequently, the prospects of the new HRIS system attaining the desired objective will be increased.

Project scheduling is also an important component in the process of implementing the new HRIS system. This arises from the fact that it improves the effectiveness with which the Project Manager undertakes cost management.

Change in cost is one of the major challenges that Project Managers experience in the process of implementing projects irrespective of their size and complexity. However, effective project scheduling can aid in reducing cost challenges by abiding within the set timeframe.

Project scheduling enhances cost management in projects by ensuring a clear definition of the various activities to be undertaken.

By sequencing the various activities to be undertaken, the probability of the new HRIS system being effective upon its implementation is increased. This emanates from the fact that the various activities to be undertaken to ensure successful project implementation and their interdependence are clearly outlined.

In addition to the above issues, it is important for the Project Manager to be cognizant of the fact that the success with the new HRIS is implemented will be dependent on the quality of human capital.

Consequently, integration of highly qualified and experienced human capital in the process of implementing the new HRIS system is vital.

An effective selection criterion will be integrated in the process of developing the project team.

Moreover, incorporation of an effective employee training program in the implementation process will aid in addressing possible knowledge and skills limitations that project team members might experience with regard to implementation of the new HRIS system.

In summary one can assert that developing a clear definition of work items, work-item sequencing, definition of labor resources and duration are critical in improving the project’s success.

Reference List Schwalbe, K. (2010). Information technology project management. Boston: Cengage Learning.

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Review: “The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes” by Brown, Lauder and Ashton Coursework scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Over the last few decades, Western economies have over emphasized the role of education in relation to economic advancement. In this book, the authors argue that investing in human capital does not necessarily have positive impacts on the economy.

The authors of “The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes” include Phillip Brown and David Ashton, both professors at Cardiff University.

The other author is Hugh Lauder an education professor at the University of Bath. These three social scientists challenge the conventional wisdom concerning the role of higher education in the current economies.

According to the book, there has been an unprecedented increase in the amount of university-trained workers in both developed and developing economies. In addition, the era when Western economies were the only ones providing value-added products is over.

The book adds that currently, most economies excessively reward the most talented workers while ignoring the contribution of the other workers. The society resulting from this phenomenon has previously been described as the “winner takes all society”.

The practice of focusing only on the top talent is emphasized by all global corporations. This practice has left the middle class workforce at a disadvantage. This is because most of those in middle class have to contend with diminishing career opportunities.

The authors refer to this as an “opportunity gap” that is caused by the upward transfer of rewards that were previously meant for the middle-class workforce. Therefore, everyone in the labor market is struggling to either acquire a decent position in the middle or attain the top-cream status.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The jostling for positions in the labor market has resulted in an economic crisis. This is because those who rely on employment-driven prosperity divert the economic progress. For instance, most people turn to easy credit when trying to deal with this challenge. In addition, the process has resulted in rising real estate costs.

Higher education is currently considered as the only accurate measure of human capital. Even leading global universities have joined the corporations in search of the “top cream” that can help boost these universities’ image. Currently, universities are ranked according to their ability to produce top-notch human capital.

The authors suggest that protectionism is not the best way of dealing with these problems. Instead, the society should revert to the idea of education being a quality-enhancing tool as opposed to it being an economic investment.

To achieve this, there is a need to deal with the increasing economic inequalities and uneven wealth distribution. The governments need to deal with this problem by encouraging innovation-led initiatives that lead to inward economic growth and increased skill-driven job opportunities.

Governments should also focus their attention on highlighting a smart approach to the utilization of skills. Companies should be pressured to change their policies regarding competition. The competition should be structured in a manner that benefits both the local communities and the employees.

It is also up to the respective governments to ensure that the negative aspects of capitalism are countered. For instance, companies’ reliance on cheap labor should be discouraged.

The book also champions the recognition of talent that is not directly involved in production of goods and services. For example, those involved in community improvement and childcare activities should be recognized.

We will write a custom Coursework on Review: “The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes” by Brown, Lauder and Ashton specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The book does a good job by detailing the problems of this “opportunity trap”. However, the solutions they offer are neither persuasive nor detailed.

The authors neglect to mention that all university graduates leave school in the hope that they will all be absorbed by the job market. However, the authors’ analysis of capitalism is very helpful.

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Difference between Clayton Antitrust Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act Term Paper online essay help

Table of Contents Federal Regulatory Agencies

Groundswell

China and its Businesses

Works Cited

The Clayton and Sherman Antitrust Acts were the first antitrust legislation to be enacted in the United States. Additionally, they were both passed to ensure that small and large companies compete fairly in the market economy.

Clayton Act controls unscrupulous practices, such as exclusive dealing contracts and price discrimination, which may interfere with fair competition in the market economy. Besides, this Act was implemented by the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission.

On the other hand, Sherman Act was enacted to prohibit corporations from engaging in any trust, conspiracy, or contract, which may monopolize the market (Helewitz and Edwards 38).

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Department of Justice (DoJ) play significant roles in the enforcement of antitrust regulations. Moreover, Federal Trade commission handles cases that relate to unfair business practices such as monopolistic competition, deceptive advertising, price discrimination, and scams.

It also reviews the cases and mergers to check for any corporations that might engage in unfair competitions. Conversely, DoJ prosecutes persons found to violate the antitrust acts. The DoJ takes such persons to courts and files suits against them, which may lead to imprisonment or large fines (Miller and Cross 568).

The United States has effective antitrust policies that it uses to control unfair competition in its market economy. Additionally, the antitrust rules are enforced by the DoJ and FTC. The effectiveness of the policies should be based on their success in relation to the objectives they should achieve.

The U.S. antitrust policies are effective as they keep the corporations from setting unfair prices. For instance, the implementation of the policies has led to removal of the monopolies and creation of an environment in which every company has equal opportunity to compete for market resources (Utton 200).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Federal Regulatory Agencies Apart from the FTC, there are other federal regulatory agencies in America. Some of the other agencies include the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the United States International Trade Commission (USITC).

By establishing CFTC in April 1975, the United States future market could easily be controlled. Besides, creation of SEC in 1934 also led to the control of market securities. It also takes part in the enforcement of federal laws that control the securities in trade.

Creation of USITC on September 8, 1916, led to the provision of important information regarding trade in the American market. Moreover, its establishment also led to the provision of expertise who worked in the executive and legislative branches of the government (Rosati and Scott 242).

The three independent regulatory legislations, CFTC, SEC, USITC, have their own strengths and weaknesses. The CFTC is recognized for educating consumers about the future markets in the country. Conversely, it has failed to provide adequate information regarding different kinds of frauds in the market.

One of the strengths of SEC is that it interprets federal security regulations, amend and issue new laws. Additionally, it coordinates other regulatory bodies that also deal with securities matters. The last legislation, USITC, excels in analyzing industrial and economic matters.

It also investigates intellectual property-based imports. However, the USITC has not been able to provide adequate tariff and trade information. Consequently, this has made the external customers incur losses (Rosati and Scott 243).

The three regulatory legislations are effective as their operations are not in any way affected by other arms of the government. Congress is responsible for the creation of the legislation in the United States. Moreover, the president with the approval of the senate is responsible for appointing the commissions.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Difference between Clayton Antitrust Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Members of the congress are only allowed to serve for a fixed term. Besides, they should demonstrate integrity during their services. The effectiveness of the legislations is also evident in their success as they are able to create rules that control operations of various corporations (Funk and Seamon 10).

Groundswell Groundswell is a network in which people apply technologies to obtain what they need from one another. The main components of groundswell are people and the Internet. For instance, people use Internet to sideline the corporations and neutralize their effects in the market economy (Li and Bernoff 3).

The groundswell also uses social media like Facebook and Twitter to make corporations listen to the problems being faced by their customers. In this way, Groundswell appears to be advantageous to most people (Frazier 82).

The marketing strategy for groundswell should not only create group pages on the Internet and social media but also use them to create long-term customer relationships.

Moreover, the relationships should be based on the selling price and customer acquisition. The strategy should also convert the social opportunity created by the groundswell into marketing advantage by incorporating the community into their network (Frazier 83).

The main effect that e-commerce has on groundswell revolves around information. E-commerce allows different individuals to collect information online and use it accordingly. It also enables organizations to keep 24 hour contact with their customers as they can send new promotions and updates.

The online business is essential since business owners can make their customers visit their businesses regularly through Internet (Li and Bernoff 6).

China and its Businesses The major strength of China lies on its ability to develop products that can be purchased by every consumer including the low income earners. The country exclusively applies renovation model to develop it companies and businesses. However, the country does not have originality in its technological innovation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Difference between Clayton Antitrust Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It keeps on borrowing knowledge from other countries and multinational corporations that operate in it (Collins and Block 182). There are costs and benefits that a country or corporation accrues when it does business with China. The main benefits include properly developed infrastructure and cheap man power.

The drawbacks include cultural barrier and fear of finding a market for products that originate from China due to the negative attitude that most people about them (Saxon 161). The Chinese government plays a vital role towards ensuring that business within and outside the country runs smoothly.

Firstly, the government provides ensures that infrastructures are well develop to support effective transportation. Secondly, the government provides grants and loans to corporations to help them run their businesses. Lastly, the government imports business expertise and manpower (Collins and Block 184).

China presents a number of opportunities as well as threats in the world. First, the country, through its cheaper products, creates competition with the global markets that are beneficial to consumers.

Additionally, the expanding Chinese economy continues to create employment opportunities to the country’s citizens and non-citizens (Yee 39).

However, China may end up monopolizing international markets through the cheap commodities, which it produces in abundance. The U.S. is one of the countries that may be outplayed by China if it continues to the trade in cheaper products in the markets (Yee 43).

Works Cited Collins, Robert, and Carson Block. Doing Business in China for Dummies. New York, NY: John Wiley

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Joh Linden Essay (Critical Writing) scholarship essay help

Introduction Fluss Washer and Dryer Division Company is a Swiss appliance company which operates under the directorship of Johannes Linden.

Linden is fully content with the way the company has performed in the recent past, and expresses his joy openly to the members of Global Executive Committee during their meeting.

At the same time, Linden and the board officials face a formidable challenge in the course of the meeting that gives rise to disharmony among its members. FWD had already made a business planning cycle 3 months prior to fear of a larger rise in the prices of steel.

However, after some negotiations, the prices of steel have now become significantly lower which results to the company saving 10-20%. This lower price of steel has caused dilemma to the company whether or not to change the target of the business for every country in order to reflect the new prices (Hill and Rennella 1).

FWD faces a significant challenge which consists of knowing whether to base the managers’ bonuses on the old or new prices of steel. FWD is in the process of restarting an expansion of the manufacturing capacity of the company that was suspended in the year 2010.

During the meeting proceedings, Linden informs the team about River Tech who is their primary competitor. The Korean appliance giant, River Tech has made a strategic plan to go “green” that is to be environmentally friendly in its line of production.

This is not the case for FWD because the company mainly focuses on developing high quality washers and dryers which are ventless (Hill and Rennella 1).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What should Linden do during the actual meeting? Linden’s goal is to transform the followers’ attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors as well as to inspire the followers to perform above the expectations. It is evident that there is lack of harmony between Linden and GEC member.

Therefore, the meeting is a forum to brainstorm on the issue that has led to disharmony in the company. Before the meeting set off, GEC members have to ensure that they are adequately represented in the meeting. For the process to be successful, there are certain rules that have to come into play.

The process needs an adequate allocation of time in order for every GEC member to voice their ideas and grievances. The information relayed to the members by Linden should be accurate and straight to the point.

On this light, Linden shares the CEO’s remarks with the committee members about the invaluable contribution that FWD has made to the overall corporate performance.

By any chance, bias suppression should not be exercised during the process. This means that Linden should not minimize his conflict of interest (Hill and Rennella 2).

Should he table the discussion (i.e., put it on the hold)? Should he say what is on his mind? What are the pros and cons of each approach?

Linden is aware about ambivalence characters that the team members possess. Apparently, his management must consider consequences that would arise from these characters. On the other hand, he considers the repercussions of the failure to table the discussion.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Joh Linden specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, we acknowledge that Linden is a confident person who can present ideas and convince the team. Also, a free and fair team work will establish harmony among the group. Therefore, it is more solid for him to table the discussion and allow evaluation of the issues at hand than to assume all roles of the team.

He will present his ideas, convince and win the committee’s approval. This approach will facilitate harmony between GEC and Linden. It will enact clear stigmas that the team has against the actions he takes without allowing approval from a committee.

Application of Linden tactical approach will give his opinions justified chances of implementation. On the other hand, failure of Linden winning will disintegrate the success of FWD. Also, it is possible for the discussion to raise unsustainable contentions.

Failure to implement the discussion will lead to rise of complains and negative attitudes towards Linden. This could arrest operations and cause low productivity from the company. Apparently, another con is the financial influences added as a result of the meeting.

What does he want? What is the purpose of the discussion?

Linden travels 50% of his time to different countries in order to evaluate the progress of the country managers and RDs. The bonus program, which is a reward system, is beneficial on motivating the country managers in working to their full potential and respective markets.

Naturally, individuals will perform behavior that is rewarded. The purpose of this discussion is to try and convince GEC members to embrace his new idea of targeting new business ground. This will help the company to save 10-20% of their proceeds.

Linden, also, wants to assure the team members of the bonus basis that comes with the business idea. GEC members are now left with the decision to determine whether or not to adjust budget and bonus targets. Johannes wants to change the business target before linking it to targeted bonus (Hill and Rennella 4).

Why is the discussion going the way it is?

There is a heated debate between Linden and the GEC members due to conflict of interest. Linden is bringing a proposal where he wants to change the target of the business for every country in order to reflect the new prices of steel. However, he receives negative reaction and opposition from the members.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Joh Linden by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is because the members have fear that the new business targets are going to have an impact on their bonuses. Linden lacks confidence and trust in his team members’ ability to work hard. This is because of the idea that he shares with them of targeting other business grounds.

There is an argument that arises because the team members feel as if Linden is not being fair to them. Linden and the committee members are not able to make a psychological contract. This is a contract between leaders and followers which is dependent on expectations and actions of both parties.

The two parties are not able to reach a consensus over the issue of changing their business targets to other grounds. This fact contributes immensely to the heated argument which comes up between the GEC and Linden (Hill and Rennella 5).

Why is he frustrated?

Linden is, also, frustrated because the GEC members lack initiatives to help shaping FWD’s strategy. Linden finds himself unable to mix between concerns for others and assertiveness. This has led to lack of harmonization in the company officials.

Linden compromises motivation of the members due to the compromising state that he finds himself. Linden is frustrated because he has fears that GEC members might lose trust in him. He should not underestimate this conflict that exists in the company and its importance on FWD.

Linden takes part in a discussion where he tries to convince the GEC members of his new business ideas but all in vain. Despite the efforts that he puts in to try and convince the members to embrace the new idea, Linden gunners no support from the GEC members.

It is evident that there is lack of experience to situations in which difficult trade-offs had to be made. The negative implications of the members go down to frustrate Linden (Hill and Rennella 6).

How effective is the GEC? Why was it created?

The GEC is an extremely vital component of FWD Company. The aim of GEC is to make strategic and substantial investment decisions, working on the global strategy and targeting global synergy.

In the first meeting, the goals were related to authority and decision-making rights between RDs, country managers and the corporate staff.

What works well about the team?

Linden believes in the capabilities of FWD members and is energized on how well they had performed in 2010. The GEC was able to identify the roles and responsibilities of the team members in the first meeting.

Linden offers a chance to all members to speak up. The team became more comfortable working through problems together and contributing to more ideas during the quarterly gathering.

The members, also, believe on the capabilities and success of Linden. This mutual trust reflects a good infrastructure for any future meeting (Hill and Rennella 7).

Why does the team work together as well as it does?

In every company, there is a need for achievement. According to McClelland’s Needs Theory, the members need to challenge and control tasks in order to make achievements. Team members’ cohesiveness has played a crucial role in making GEC members work together.

The team members have similar motives and point of views. This is because the members have worked together for a long time and they are stable. Outside pressures have, also, influenced the significant progress that FWD Company has made.

Pressures from other rival companies have made the team members to work well in order to continue making profits. FWD team members have truly shown excellent team work because of high cohesiveness and like-mindedness. This is referred to as group thinking.

The members are able to sit down and make decisions on issues that affect the company. A mix of personality traits is another factor that makes the team members work together. Members of different personalities react differently on issues that arise in the company.

They look at the issues from a different angle and aim at providing tactical solutions. The teams’ high efficacy has led to higher goals, higher expectations and better performance of the group (Hill and Rennella 8).

What are the team’s norms for dealing with conflict?

Conflict resolution is an indispensable attribute that FWD must consider to meet its goals and objectives. Decision making is usually characterized with complexities and pressure. The conflict in FWD Company arises due to failure of decision making process.

This is evident because the GEC member’s point of view about the company is not in tandem with Linden’s ideas of targeting new business grounds. This factor has caused a serious conflict in the company. However, conflicts can enhance decision quality by encouraging thorough valuation of more and different alternatives.

Equality forms a critical component of team functioning. Every member of GEC should be acquainted with equal rights and shares in the company. Another factor that has to be considered is the concept of need (Hill and Rennella 9).

The company should give the greatest share to the neediest in the company. This ensures fairness among the members in order to avoid conflict. Another team norm which is responsible for solving conflicts, include team member communication. This requires members to speak respectfully to each other in the company.

Merit is another team norm which aims at dealing with conflict in FWD Company. The greatest share is supposed to be given to members who contribute the most to the company. Team member interaction in meetings is another norm for dealing with conflicts.

Team members should be attentive and active during the meeting proceedings. Members should embrace time management and avoid wasting time unnecessarily.

Members have to make decisions through consensus. Protocol and confidentiality should be adhered to when a conversation starts in a meeting it ends in a meeting (Hill and Rennella 9).

How would you describe Linden’s influence style? Every company working structure needs affiliation from the members. According to McClelland’s Needs Theory, Linden has to strive hard to make a working connection with the rest of the members. Linden is young, ambitious and outgoing.

Linden travels 50% of his time to different countries in order to evaluate the progress of the country managers and RDs. This boosts the country managers’ and RDs’ morale to continue with their good job.

He is exceptionally likable, and remarkably determined to get what he wants. However, he does not believe in micromanagement (Hill and Rennella 9).

Linden’s charisma, creativity and flexibility go a long way to influence positive growth of FWD Company. Johannes is open to ideas and suggestions.

He is a task oriented person and can be classified under theory Y. This theory assumes that people enjoy work, have a capacity to motivate themselves and people are able to find joy in their work (Hill and Rennella 9).

What sources of power does he have (French

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Elasticity and Demand for Tourism Products Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Elasticity of tourism products

Increase in demand of tourism products

Decline in supply

Changes in price of tourism products

Conclusion

References

Introduction Demand and supply are the foundation of any economic analysis as the interaction of the two forms a market.

The law of demand and supply works in the divergent ways in the sense that, for a normal good, when the prices of commodities changes, demand and supply will change in opposite direction holding other factors constant.

This will depend on the nature of the goods as forces demand and supply will be dictated by the type of the products in question. For instance, demand or supply of some goods will respond more than changes in price as compared to others.

This brings us to the concept of elasticity of goods. In addition, it is not only price that affects demand and supply of goods, there are other factors that would affect the market such as changes in technology, taste and preferences, favorable climatic conditions and many other factors (Barber 2010).

This paper explores demand, supply and elasticity of tourism products in various conditions.

Elasticity of tourism products Elasticity measures how the quantity demanded or supplied will change when there are changes in market conditions.

Price elasticity of demand is a measure how the quantity demanded of a good change when the price of the commodity changes (Mankiw 2011). However, this measure of elasticity of demand of a commodity is subject to some inadequacies.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More First, it ignores the presence of other related goods in the market such as close substitutes and compliments as changes in prices or demand of these goods would affect the elasticity of the good in question.

It also ignores the type of product in question since necessities and luxuries would have different elasticities. Demand for luxuries do not respond to changes in price.

In addition, this measure overlooks time horizons. Goods tend to be more elastic over a longer period of time. Finally, elasticity depends on how well a market condition is defined (Moon 2013; Bade

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Psychological Development Theory Term Paper essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Marie’s Case in Relation to addiction Counseling

The psychosocial crisis experienced by Marie

Areas of Strength for Marie

Cultural influence in taking care of the aged

Conclusion

References

Introduction Mental health issues are most prevalent among the aged since there are significant life changes at this life stage. Retirement is one of the issues that cause anxiety and depression. In this case, the aged feel bored and do not know what they can do to keep themselves occupied.

The retired often feel insignificant as they no longer contribute to society and they also tend to experience financial constraints. Aging is accompanied by illness and frailty which makes them lose the value of life since pain and physical limitations make life very challenging.

It is at this period that their partners are likely to die and leave them lonely. Losing a partner at this stage can be very depressing since this is the point in life when friendship is very important. On other occasions, the aged are moved from their familiar environments to live near close relatives who take care of them.

They tend to develop a sense of lost independence since their caregivers decide on what is best for them. These challenges can be easier for the aged if they are well equipped to accept and adapt to them earlier before they become overwhelming (Hendry

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Recording and Analysing Data in HR Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

One reason why organizations need to collect HR data is to improve how they manage their workforce. In an organization, employee data is collected as a part of HR data.

With the aid of a human resource information management system (HRIMS), HR managers are able to keep accurate records on employee commencements and exits including terminations and are therefore, able to better manage an organization’s workforce. With the aid of HRIMS, human resource planners are able to use employee data to forecast or anticipate the future demands of an organization’s workforce (Dessler, 2001, p. 24).

Forecasting future demands of an organization’s workforce is an activity that constitutes better and improved workforce management. Another reason why organizations need to collect HR data is to ensure better payroll management.

In an organization, payroll data is a constituent of HR data. With the aid of an HRIMS, HR managers are able to accurately monitor payroll transactions using payroll data.

One type of data collected in an organization is employee data. One of the principle functions of HR managers is to properly manage an organization’s workforce (Australian National Audit Office, 2011, p. 3).

With employee data an organization is able to track the number of its active employees as well as the number of employee exits and terminations.

This is important for example when an organization wants to determine its employee turnover rate and therefore consequentially determine if its employee retention measures are effective. Another type of data collected in an organization is payroll data.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More HR managers have the principle function of administrating and managing payrolls in organizations (Australian National Audit Office, 2011, p. 3). To perform this function properly HR managers need to accurately monitor payroll transactions. This is achievable only through processing the collected payroll data.

One method of storing HR records in an organization is through the use of relational database management systems (RDBMSs). With RDBMSs the records are contained in relational databases which are in their simplest form systems of rows and columns.

Each record in a relational database has its own unique identification which is different from those of the other records. This improves data integrity and simplifies manipulation of data in the records. Extraction of data from relational databases is done using queries.

An advantage of using RDBMSs is that enormous volumes of data can be stored. Another advantage of using RDBMSs is the speed of data manipulation; with RDBMSs it is possible to extract or edit large volumes of records at a single instance and within fractions of a second.

Another advantage of using RDBMSs is that they provide improved security of information. RDBMSs offer password protection for the data they contain. This means unauthorized manipulation of the data is avoided and thus data integrity is maintained.

Another method of storing HR records in an organization is by using human resource information management systems (HRIMSs).

A definition of HRIMS is ” a system which seeks to merge the activities associated with human resource management (HRM) and information technology (IT) into one common database through the use of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software” (WebFinance, Inc., 2012, p. 1).

We will write a custom Report on Recording and Analysing Data in HR specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More An HRIMS has all the advantages of an RDBMS plus one more which is that they are tailor-made to suit the needs and parameters of human resource managers and planners.

It is important for an organization to properly manage and protect its HR information so as to avoid financial losses and liabilities. Organizations in the UK have to beware of the Data Protection Act of 1998 which is a legislation that largely protects the privacy of individuals.

Organizations that ignore this legislation risk lawsuits that can result in financial losses and liabilities (SOAS, 2007, p. 1). The act stipulates that recording of data should be done lawfully and with a person’s consent (SOAS, 2007, p. 6).

In addition, the act requires that stored data be kept accurately and up-to-date where necessary (SOAS, 2007, p. 32).

The act additionally prohibits unlawful and authorized access and manipulation of data (SOAS, 2007, p. 43). The act requires that organizations meet the technical requirements needed to ensure security of personal information.

References Australian National Audit Office. (2011). Human resource information systems risks and controls. Web.

Dessler, G. (2001). Human Resource Management (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

SOAS, (2007). Data protection policy; Overview of the data protection act 1998. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Recording and Analysing Data in HR by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More WebFinance, Inc. (2012). Human resource information systems. Web.

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The Characteristics of Generative Syntax Term Paper essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Generative Syntax

Binding

Movement

Empty categories

Conclusion

References

Introduction Until 1957, the sciences of linguistics and cultural anthropology placed language in the domain society and outside of an individual.

For linguists and anthropologists, human languages were completely determined by the environment in which the child grows up, and there were no limitations on the differences between languages.

In other words, the view that they embraced was that every imaginable language could, in principle, be found somewhere in the world.

On the other hand, in psychology departments, behaviorism of B. F. Skinner, that run in the strand of intellectual tradition of empiricism stretching as far back in history as the work of John Lock, essentially concurred with the views of linguists and anthropologists.

The behaviorist view was that language is completely a matter of the environment and it is acquired through the mechanisms of imitation and negative and positive feedback. In 1957, in his book Syntactic Structures, Noam Chomsky struck at the very core of dominant intellectual traditions by proposing an entirely new view.

In contrast to other linguists, he suggested that language is for the most part innate. Also, in contrast to behaviorist psychologists, he claimed that the mechanisms of imitation or reward and punishment do not play a significant role in language acquisition due to the fact that on the basis of limited, fragmentary and disorganized linguistic input, children infer incredibly complex abstract rules for producing grammatical sentences of a language.

Generative Syntax The inborn device that enables children to be so effective in acquiring language contains all the rules of the Universal Grammar, which is mirrored in the underlying principles that constrain the variations between human languages.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Chomsky (2002, p. 18) argues that the rules of grammar are independent of meaning and that by studying those rules one can arrive at the underlying computational system that generates the grammatical sentences of all languages, which is the Universal Grammar.

Therefore, on this view, generative syntax sets out on an extremely interesting and extremely difficult journey of making sense of the incredible amount of linguistic data from the languages of the world in order to uncover those universal principles, and the crucial method in this process is discrimination between grammatical and ungrammatical sentences of a language and providing explanations as to why such differences exist.

The results of this quest have been astonishing as the explanatory power of syntactic theories has already crossed the language boundaries and some concepts that are used to explain the phenomena of one language can be used with a great predictive power to account for the data in other languages.

Another interesting component is that this quest has revealed a lot about the functioning of human mind because the kinds of powerful abstract explanations that syntax gives about such a mundane activity as speaking a language suggests that there is a lot more going on in the human mind than what is physically manifested (Carnie p. 5).

There are many of these abstract theoretical notions that linguists use to explain certain facts about languages that have no overt physical manifestation, but their explanatory theoretical power is such that their existence can be taken with great certainty.

Binding The first concept in this set is the concept of binding. According to generativists, an element binds another element if it c-commands it and if they are co-referential (Chomsky, 1980).

C-command is the structural relationship between two elements in a syntactic tree such that one can be said to c-command the other one if that other element is located in the area of the tree contained by the node that dominates the first element (Reinhart, 1976).

We will write a custom Term Paper on The Characteristics of Generative Syntax specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The notion of binding is relevant and effective because it can help in explaining the contrast between the following examples:

John surprised himself.

*The picture of John surprised himself.

One can account for this difference by claiming that the reflexive (himself) must be bound by the co-referential expression (John) within its clausal domain (Chomsky, 1980), otherwise the sentence is ungrammatical.

The sentence in (2) is, thus, ungrammatical because “John” does not c-command the reflexive, but in (1) it does. The provision “in their clausal domain” is significant because (3) is ungrammatical even though “John” c-commands the reflexive because the two elements are in separate clauses.

*John claims that Mary disappointed himself.

Movement Movement is also one of important concepts that Chomsky (2002, p. 90) observed when discussing sentences of different types, which seem to stem from the same underlying structure and the differences are the result of reordering of elements.

For instance, the example in (4) is an illustration of a construction that is said to be produced by movement. Namely, “what” is said to have moved from the position after the verb, which is marked by brackets, because this is where it gets its interpretation.

What did John see ?

Now, this kind of claim is not a syntactic proof, but there are plenty of syntactic arguments for this analysis. For example, one can consider the theory of binding briefly described above.

If the wh-words or phrases really are in some way related to the position after the verb, than it would be possible for subjects to bind reflexives in those positions despite the fact that they appear to the left of the subject.

This is because in deep structure, the subject would still c-command the wh-phrase. This prediction turns out to be correct, and the example in (5) illustrates that.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Characteristics of Generative Syntax by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Which picture of himself did John see ?

This is an example of how syntactic theories and explanations are interdependent and interrelated, which shows how this approach might be capable of deriving a general theory that can explain all the phenomena of language in a uniform manner.

Empty categories Another very abstract, but incredibly, convincing postulate that linguists make while discussing the issues in the generative approach to syntax is the idea of empty or phonologically null categories.

Namely, if there are specific reasons to assume that there exists an empty category in a certain position in a structure, linguists might make that assumption, but then they are obliged to give a convincing argument for doing so.

One such postulate is the category of PRO, which is a nominal referential element that is usually found in subjects positions (Chomsky, 1981). Linguists postulate that PRO exists on the basis of sentences like (6).

John wants to become a millionaire.

The problem with these sentences is that both the verb want and the verb become need some entity that “wants” or “becomes”. However, in (6), there is only one entity “John”, which has to be present in both clauses.

In this situation, linguists might assume that there is an unpronounced nominal element PRO in the position marked in the example in (6) that serves as the entity that “becomes” in the embedded clause.

This presupposition can only be taken seriously if it handles additional data well, and this is precisely the case.

For example, there are reasons to postulate that the head of the tense phrase always requires some nominal element to be in the local relationship with it. In (7), the position of the tense head is marked by “(T)”. It requires “John” to be next to it.

John (T) is running.

That this requirement always applies is supported by the examples in (8) and (9) where semantically, there is no need for a subject, and yet, a pronoun “it” has to be inserted.

It (T) is raining.

It (T) seems that John is happy.

The requirement that “it” be inserted here is purely syntactic and has nothing to do with meaning.

The objection that in sentences like (6) subject is simply not necessary can be replied to by the example in (10), where we can see that as soon as the subject of the embedded clause is not co-referential with that of the main clause, it cannot be left out.

John wants his sister to become a millionaire.

Finally, one additional and quite convincing proof for the existence of PRO comes from binding. Binding theory would require that if PRO is really present in the embedded clauses, it should be able to bind reflexives.

If there is no PRO, then the main clause subject should not be able to bind the reflexives as binding does not cross clause boundaries, and the sentence would be ungrammatical. The conditions imposed by binding turn out to fit perfectly with the theory of PRO as the sentence in (11) is perfectly grammatical.

John wants to transform himself.

Conclusion In conclusion, generative syntax enables us to attempt to study the notion as exciting as Universal Grammar with great scientific rigor and precision.

The kind of arguments that linguists make about the abstract concepts that they introduce are incredibly strong and convincing, which is why generative syntax has been so successful.

Finally, the fact that people employ such abstract concepts in their everyday speech tells us a lot about the incredible complexity of human mind.

References Carnie, A. (2011). Modern Syntax a Coursebook.. Leiden: Cambridge University Press.

Chomsky, N. (1980). On Binding. Linguistic Inquiry, 11, 1-46.

Chomsky, N. (1981). Lectures on government and binding. Dordrecht, Holland: Foris Publications.

Chomsky, N. (2002). Syntactic structures (2nd ed.). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Reinhart, T. (1976). The syntactic domain of anaphora. Ph.D. thesis, MIT, Cambridge, MA.

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Total Rewards Program Development Exploratory Essay college essay help online

The Baby Boom generation holds most power and control in the United Sates, since it comprises about 44 % of the entire workforce (Delcampo, 2012). This generation is very visionary and it is likely to have much influence for at least the coming two decades. The generation grew up after the World War II.

Parents who experienced the World War and global recession hoped that life would be more rewarding to future generations. Children to these parents underwent various teachings on discipline and acceptable behavior. However, the parents did not interfere with the self worth of these children.

During these times, schools encouraged teamwork. Besides, schools encouraged global reformation and economic recovery. Optimism for the future marked these times. Therefore, baby boomers like making things differently at workplace.

They always expect a hearing on their voices and consideration of their decisions (Heneman, 2007). They also like influencing management in organizations. To prove their worth, Baby Boomers like working for long hours and even weekends.

They have a strong orientation in teams and they encourage participative management, team building and employee involvement. Members in this generation group have good skills in communication, strong work ethic and are stable emotionally.

Most of them continue working after they retire, since they plan to transform retirement. Others prefer to work in new industries, or instituting businesses. Thus, there is a need for organizations to make programs and benefits that can attract and keep Baby Boomers in their companies, as they are a rich source of labor.

Generation X represents workers who are in their twenties or the thirteenth generation in America. This generation comprises 33 % of the American workforce and currently, they are so much into leadership. Members of Generation X always resist tags.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The parents of this generation experienced inflation and recession. They lived in the reigns of President Nixon and Reverend Swaggar. During these times, people carried themselves vary cautiously. Most mothers of Generation X members worked far away from home, due to global changes.

Therefore, their children learnt how to take care of themselves. Besides, these children experienced divorce in their families.

Divorce of their aunts and friends of their parents affected those who were lucky not to experience divorce in their immediate families. Consequently, Generation X members are prone to giving their loyalty away. When it comes

In the employment world, Generation X members are independent. Since many of them experienced divorce in their families, they learnt to cope with different neighborhoods as well as change and commotion.

They take pleasure in streamline systems and processes as well as attaining significant results. Mostly, Generation X members like working in organizations that are flexible and result oriented. In addition, they like organizations that consider their preferences.

A total rewards program that will keep these two generations engaged must consider their sources of motivation. Some factors that motivate Baby Boomers include recognition, room for teamwork, ability to work for long hours, work ethics and communication proficiency (World at Work, n.d., par.3).

Conversely, factors that motivate Generation X members include autonomy at work, efficiency of systems and processes as well as flexibility of the organization.

We will write a custom Essay on Total Rewards Program Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A total rewards program for the Baby Boomers must comprise several elements, which derive from their motivation factors. First, the package must have compensation in the form of base wages, premium pay, and variable pay. Base wages in form of salary pay are relevant since most Baby Boomers work for long durations.

Premium pays are also acceptable for Baby Boomers since most of them work during weekends. In addition, the program should have variable pay to compensate attainments that come from teams.

Second, the package should have benefits such as of workers compensation insurance, social security insurance and medical insurance. The package should also contain retirement benefits and life insurance, since this is an aging group.

Health and welfare benefits, which are also key to the package of this group, should contain spouse dependant insurance, life insurance, prescription drug plan and vision plan.

Al these are central considering that this is an aging generation and the health of the body deteriorates with age. Besides, this group of workers needs their families to be safe in the event of their demise.

The third component of Baby Boomers’ total reward program should be work-life balance. Most persons in this generation group are old people who are likely to have other responsibilities and thus, should get the opportunity to work part time.

Besides, Baby Boomers require employee assistance programs, on site massages, health screenings, nutritional counseling, on site nurses and geriatric counseling due to their aging nature. Fourth, the Baby Boomers package must have performance and recognition rewards.

Performance rewards could include meetings and team evaluations. Baby boomers like working in teams and being involved in directive decisions.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Total Rewards Program Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, they always appreciate team evaluations as well as conferences where they can give their views. Also, service rewards and retirement rewards represents an essential part of the program.

Conversely, a total reward program for Generation X members must have career development programs. This group likes streamlined systems and processes, which is achievable through training in areas like new technology.

Other rewards such as on- job training, virtual learning and seminars should form a part of the program. Besides, availing self-development tools and information networks to this generation makes them more independent. Another component of a reward program for Generation Xers is compensation.

This includes base wages and incentive pay based on individual performance. In addition, the program should have legally required benefits and other benefits. Legally required benefits include Medicare, unemployment insurance, worker’s compensation insurance and social security insurance.

Health and welfare benefits for this generation should include health savings account and vision plan. The program should also encompass benefits associated with sick leave, holidays and other leaves. Another relevant component is work-life.

This generation requires flexible work situations and an organization can offer this in the form of alternate worksites and seasonal schedules. Besides, the program should contain maternity leaves and reproductive health plans, since most members of this group are in their reproductive age.

Other relevant items include smoking cessation assistance and stress management programs. The last component should be performance and recognition. Performance rewards in this context should include goal-setting sessions because generation X members are usually goal oriented.

Besides, performance rewards should include involvement in meetings so that they can air their preferences. Similarly, recognition should comprise goal-oriented awards including productivity, cost savings and safety.

Giving employers a total rewards package has benefit to both the employee and the employer. First, workers who get rewards that they expect feel motivated and maintain engagement in all their duties. Consequently, their organizations experiences more financial stability.

Second, employees experience satisfaction when they perceive that they have equal opportunities such as those of career development, irrespective of their differences.

In addition, giving employees total reward programs results in reduced turnover and higher retention because employees who receive the package feel loyal and are likely to offer services to an organizations for a long time.

Offering rewards has both benefits and risks to certain groups. For instance, offering sick leaves and maternity leaves is likely to benefit Generation X. However, offering health-screening program may affect the same group negatively, especially when they come to realize that they have an incurable disease like cancer.

Another type of reward that is likely to raise legal concerns is the spouse/dependant life insurance. At times, it becomes hard to identify a person’s true dependants especially when such a person has a record of having extra marital affairs.

Looking at the hospital where I work, there exist several gaps when it comes to rewarding employees as required in the total rewards program. Last year, the hospital experienced high turnover, conflicts with labor society and wrecked channels of communication.

The personnel department also lacks connections to customer needs and business needs. Despite the hospital having carrying a survey that pointed out areas that needed redress, there has been no action.

To handle this situation, the hospital should develop a broad strategic plan that aims at attracting and retaining the workforce. Such a plan should offer room for leaders to receive training on how to deal with different generations.

The training should enlighten leaders on how to communicate with each generation, as well as factors that can motivate, or de-motivate members in different generations. Leaders should also be prepared to dedicate themselves to particular strategies of leadership.

To identify strategies that are relevant to different generations’ leaders at the hospital should analyze the percentages of employees by generation. After the analysis, they should build a life cycle employment and benefits plan depending on the needs of employees at different phases of work and life.

Leaders should also create welfare and work-life programs such as health screenings, nutritional counseling and on-site massage services. Besides, leaders should offer career training to personnel at the hospital and offer scholarships and coaching in various fields.

Another strategy that leaders can employ is providing a clinical mentor program that aligns experienced nurses with new nurses. This should aim at preparing young nurses for the occupation through coaching and training.

Lastly, these leaders should carry out a needs analysis, create valuable career opportunities and improve their strategies on career communication.

On the other hand, the top management of the hospital should offer junior leaders training on generational diversity. Such training may take the form of conferences, seminars, websites, or experiments.

This training should ensure that leaders have knowledge on how to handle multigenerational groups. Besides, top officials must make sure that the board and council have representatives from every group.

The hospital management must also make sure that they reward productivity and performance. The compensation program should motivate and reward productivity without considering age, or a person’s position in an organization.

Another area that the management should consider is benefit options. Most employees, across generations, have families and other personal interests that they have to take care of even as they work. Therefore, the hospital management should offer flexible work hours to their staff.

Most workers consider flexible work options when rating quality of work places. Managers should thus offer incentives like flex time, working from home and job-sharing to attract more workers. Managers may also offer workers a paid off during winter seasons, or summer seasons.

The management should as well match the employee’s generation to that of the customer base. Most clients prefer to receive services from people who they share their perspectives and points of view. Additionally, the management should encourage regular conversations about generational differences.

This can enhance understanding and respect for persons across generations at the work place. Furthermore, the management should offer employees phased retirement options. For instance, an employee may continue working in the organization for up to two years after retirement, but at a reduced level.

Usually, most employees prefer to work at a reduced capacity ahead of retirement and continue to work the same way for several years after retirement.

Another approach that the management should take is making through advertisement on career opportunities prior to recruitments. This may include posting available posts on the organization’s internet, in the magazine and newspapers so that employers of all kinds can apply for the positions.

Lastly, the management should offer various benefits to employees. Such benefits may include insurance, scholarships as well as vision and dental plans. Other benefits may include child and elder care. For instance, a caregiver may receive 13 weeks off every year while still having full salaries.

The hospital management should also consider giving caregivers reimbursements to cater for their children’s costs. However, the management should ensure that such benefits suit a workers phase of life.

For instance, a Baby Boomer will prefer to have long-term care insurance plan, while a person in Generation X will prefer to have a scholarship. All these aspects should serve as excellent ideas for reducing turnover, increasing employee satisfaction as well as employee retention at the hospital.

References Delcampo, R.G. (2012). Managing the multi-generational workforce: From the GI generation to the millennials. New York, NY: Gower Publishing Ltd.

Heneman, R.L. (2007). Implementing total rewards strategies: A guide to successfully planning and implementing a total rewards system. New York, NY: SHRM Foundation.

World at Work (n.d). Total rewards model: a framework for strategies to attract, motivate and retain employees. Web.

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The Making of the Creeds by Frances Young – Book Critique Essay (Critical Writing) a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents The Author

The Book – The Making of the Creeds

Thesis Statement

Strong Points of the Book

Summary

Bibliography

Footnotes

The Author Noted theologian and scholar, Reverend Francis Young is an ordained Methodist minister who has dedicated her life to explain the origins of the Christian faith and how it has been shaped and formed through the years.

She has helped to clarify the various nuances of the Christian faith and has shed light on what it means to have relationship with God.

The Book – The Making of the Creeds In the book, “The Making of the Creeds”, Young delves into the origins of the Apostles Creed and the Nicene Creed and helps to explain how they arose as a direct result of the early church struggling to understand the concepts of incarnation and the Holy Trinity1.

In it, she elaborates on how the early fragmentation of the church (i.e. having no distinct centralized order and being separated into numerous denominations and factions over different continents and regions) precipitated the need to develop a clear statement of faith.

Thesis Statement The main argument that the author is trying to impart to readers is that the Creeds as we know of them today are far from being a mere set of phrases routed in tradition and theology, rather, they were a means by which salvation was realized for the members of the church and can be considered “the heart” of early Christian theology.

Strong Points of the Book One of the strongest aspects of the book lies in its use of non-technical phrases and wordings in order to explain the historical significance of particular events, doctrines and theological concepts.

By ensuring that the text can be easily understood by a reader without a considerable background in Christian theology, this results in a wider audience being able to understand the message that Young is trying to impart in the book regarding the significance of the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed in Christian theology as well as in the present day Christian faith.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another strong point of the book lies in its use of a historical backdrop of events in order to show how the Apostles’ Creed and the Nicene Creed came to develop into its present day iteration over time.

Through this method of depiction, readers are better able to appreciate the struggles that defined the early church and how the Creeds and doctrines that we know of today were actually developed as a direct result of the desire of the early church to bring the message of salvation to its constituents.

On the other end of the spectrum, one of the weaknesses of the book was surprisingly its first chapter which was lacking in sufficient content and dealt with concepts that would have been better off left for a later chapter.

It should be noted though that in terms of its theological import and the manner in which it helps to explain the theological circumstances behind the creation of the Creeds, the book is quite a good read.

It’s qualities are further enhanced by the fact that it is not too long and can be considered a brief yet concise method of helping to explain one aspect (i.e. the development of the Nicene Creed) of Christianities evolution over time.

Summary Overall, the book is an excellent source material for understanding the development of the Creeds as we know it today.

Neither being overly complicated nor lacking in detail, “The Making of the Creeds” by Frances Young enables students of theology or even regular Christians to better understand the various developments in Christianity’s past.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Making of the Creeds by Frances Young – Book Critique specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bibliography Lewis, John Underwood. 1993. “The making of the creeds.” Theology Today 50, no. 3: 480.

Footnotes 1 Lewis, John Underwood. 1993. “The making of the creeds.” Theology Today 50, no. 3: 480.

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Process Analysis and Problem Solving in Wal-Mart Research Paper college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The case study of Wall-Mart

Implications

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Currently, information technologies are regarded as a valuable tool for improving various processes within an organization. They can greatly benefit both private companies and public organizations.

This paper is aimed at discussing the strategies adopted by such a corporation as Wal-Mart since this example can demonstrate how information technologies can contribute to the financial performance of a business and its long-term sustainability.

It should be noted that Wal-Mart began to use IT in the early seventies at the time, when these tools were not widely adopted (Odih 161). This policy was supposed to improve the functioning of the supply chain in this corporation, especially the procurement of products.

The most important objective was to minimize the levels of inventory and reduce the operational costs of the corporation. One can say that this approach enabled this company to gain competitive advantage of its major rivals.

Finally, the initial principles underlying this strategy have not become obsolete. These are the main issues that should be considered during this discussion.

The case study of Wall-Mart One should take into account that Wal-Mart had to adopt an alternative approach to their supply change management. They faced a challenge that was encountered by many growing retailers. In particular, some of the products that the customers requested could often be out of stock (Ray 73).

In contrast, other goods could be oversupplied, but they were not often requested by buyers. These deficiencies resulted in extra expenses for the company and they prevented the corporation from achieving growth.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, it was evident that the supply management strategies did not enable the organization to respond the changes in clients’ demand. The most important goal was to minimize the levels of inventory while avoiding stockouts (Ray 73).

This task was critical for the sustainability of this corporation especially at the point when it was opening new stores in different cities and towns. These were the major rationale for introducing information technologies. There were several actions that the management of Wal-Mart took.

First of all, they required the major suppliers to install information technologies that gave them access to the sales data of Wal-Mart stores (Odih 161). These information systems could tell the suppliers when it was necessary to replenish the stores of Wal-Mart (Odih 161).

More importantly, Wal-Mart insisted that different suppliers should share information with one another (Ireland and Crum 21). One should note that these organizations could be closely related to one another.

Therefore, it was unreasonable for them to conceal information from one another since this approach prevents many businesses from improving their performance (Odih 161). This approach was adopted in the early seventies, and it allowed Wal-Mart to build an extensive network of stores throughout the United States.

The senior managers of Wal-Mart invested capital in the creation of the central database which tells business administrators about the quantity of products available at different stores of the corporation (Schermerhorn 471). These are some of the initiation actions that were taken by the management.

Apart from that, the supply chain management in this organization involves an information system called Retail Link, and it plays a critical role for the competitive strength of this corporation (White and Bruton 8).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Process Analysis and Problem Solving in Wal-Mart specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Its main function is that it continuously updates the records about inventory. These changes are registered when a certain product is purchased by a client. The main strength of this information technology is that it updates records almost instantaneously.

Again, this system is accessible to suppliers that can see what kinds or products should be delivered to Wal-Mart as soon as possible (Ireland and Crum 21). Thus, business partners of Wal-Mart can see the changes in demand and supply and respond to these changes (Ireland and Crum 21).

Thus, one can say that this technology ensures effective cooperation and its business partners, and it was essential for the growth of this corporation. Moreover, the data that it provides enables this organization to forecast the demand for products for a certain period.

Certainly, one should not assume that these forecasts are always accurate, but they can give the management at least some idea about the quantities or products that will be purchased by clients in the future.

The main benefit of this system is that it helps Wal-Mart to avoid the shortages of good while keeping their inventory at the minimum level (White and Bruton 8). Certainly, this software solution has been modified several times, but the main principles of this application are still relevant to this corporation.

This is one of the reasons why this company was able to grow very rapidly, especially in the early nineties. During that period, the company turned into the largest retailer in the United States. Currently similar software solutions can be used by other firms, especially retailers that try to compete with Wal-Mart.

These organizations have to take similar initiatives in order to operate effectively at a national or international level. Thus, one can say that the decisions that the management of Wal-Mart took were quite successful. This is one of the main arguments that can be put forward.

It should be considered Wal-Mart intends to implement other strategies to improve the work of the supply chain. For example, they intend to use the RFID or radio frequency identification technology (Schermerhorn 471).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Process Analysis and Problem Solving in Wal-Mart by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This tool enables the company to track the location of a product from the moment when it leaves the premises of a supplier until the point when it is brought by a customer. This initiative is also related to the supply chain management and the reduction of operational expenses.

First of all, this strategy is supposed to prevent the theft of goods or their misallocation. In this case, close attention should be paid to misallocation because this problem results in the increase of operational costs and delays since employees have to spend much time while searching for these goods.

Apart from that this technology enables the management to identify possible problems at an earlier stage. This opportunity is particularly important in those cases when some of the suppliers fail to meet the deadlines set by the company. This is the main benefit of this technology.

It should be taken into account that this project is expected to cost approximately $ 8 billion per year, however, the management is going to accept this price (Schermerhorn 471). Currently, a significant part of the suppliers have already introduced this technology.

Therefore, it is possible to argue that the management is willing to invest into the IT infrastructure of this corporation (Schermerhorn 471). In their opinion, this policy can ensure the sustainability of this corporation.

They usually focus on such aspects as supply chain management, namely the procurement and storage of products. On the whole, this strategy can be quite justified because it has already enabled Wal-Mart to become the leading retailer in the world. Apart from that, its competitive position has not been disputed.

It is also worth mentioning that Wal-Mart was one of the first retailers that began to share its sales data with its suppliers. In the past, many retailers were reluctant to give away this information and it was strictly confidential (White and Bruton 8). In fact, suppliers could only purchase these data.

This is one of the reasons why many firms could not decrease their operational expenses. Wal-Mart chose to depart from this tradition because this policy was counter-productive.

Thus, one can say that the management of Wal-Mart did take some innovative decisions and these decisions were critical for the success of new information technologies.

These are some of the main initiatives that should be considered. Additionally, the management of Wal-Mart invested not only in the technological infrastructure. They also focus on the expertise of employees who had to know how to use various software solutions.

For example, they needed to know how to interpret the data provided by Retail Link (Pride and Ferrell 37). This is one of the issues that business administrators should keep in mind. One cannot assume that only by purchasing the most up-to-date applications, one gain competitive advantage.

Furthermore, senior executives of Wal-Mart continuously work on the development of their information systems. One can even say that this task is implemented for almost several decades. These principles were important for the growth and sustainability of Wal-Mart.

Overall, it is possible to argue that the strategies of Wal-Mart were based on several important assumptions. First, the senior officers emphasized the importance of information and exchange of information within and between organizations.

This issue was vital for the growth of this organization especially at the time when its stores were located in different parts of the United States as well as other countries. Without this cooperation, the effective functioning of the supply chain would not be possible.

Overall, this approach enabled the company to become agile or responsive to the changes in the market. Furthermore, this corporation had to work with various suppliers that could be located in different states or even continents.

Moreover, Wal-Mart was able to avoid many of the challenges that were faced by other retailers. The problem is that many companies tend to become less effective when they grew. The management of Wal-Mart was able to avoid this pitfall.

Additionally, one can point out that effective implementation of information technologies enabled Wal-Mart to set lower prices for its products and gain the loyalty of clients (Hill

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Technology Intervention or Change in the Walt Disney Company Coursework argumentative essay help

Introduction Literature on organizational change is full of researches demonstrating how technology leads to change within organizations . It can be safely said that when new technology is infused in the organizations, it allows creation of new forms of management within organizations.

In this light of research, this paper tries to undertake a case study analysis of theme park business of the Walt Disney Company and ascertain the effect a technology change would bring about in the organization.

Walt Disney Company is a $42.3 billion company with business segments in media networks, parks and resorts, studio entertainment, consumer products, and interactive media.

CEO and Chairman of the company, Robert A Iger, mention in his letter in the Annual Report states that “Technology remains one of our key priorities because it is transforming virtually every part of our business.”

The reason for the anticipated change in the technology to shape the company’s business is primarily that technology is changing the way consumers’ consumption pattern was changing with changing technology, and may affect the demand for the product as well as the cost and distribution of the products.

Importance of technology to Walt Disney is immense, as the way people today are consuming entertainment and media is changing with change in technology. Further, the company too intends to improve consumer experience through use of advanced technology.

In order to enhance consumer experience for its theme park business segment, Disney has adopted RFID technology to enhance the consumer experience in the theme park through MyMagic .

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Company owns a resort in Florida and California. Apart from these, the company owns eighteen resort hotels, two these parks, and Disneyland resorts in Paris, Tokyo, etc, with revenue earning for 2012 at $42 billion.

Understanding the effect of incorporation of this new technology to the organization is an important understanding for organizational researchers interested in ascertaining the effect of new technology on organizations.

This paper tries to understand the effect of the new technology on the business of the theme parks of Disney.

MyMagic : the new Technology Technology innovation may be of three kinds – core or critical functions, background or enabling, and emerging or key.

The RFID technology adopted by the Disney theme parks is an essential part of the business as it enables to enhance the experience of the theme parks, keeping the fantasy of the Disneyland, essential element of the theme parks, and enabling the company to keep track of the finances.

Therefore, the MyMagic technology incorporated in Disney may be considered a core element to the theme park business. However, with the implementation of this new technology certain operational changes have taken place in the Disney theme parks.

In order to understand this, we need to understand what exactly in the MyMagic technology. This technology enables Disney to ensure a cashless transaction with the consumers in its theme parks, where the latter wears a rubber bracelet to the parks that are encoded with credit card information.

We will write a custom Coursework on Technology Intervention or Change in the Walt Disney Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More All the consumer has to do is “snap up the corn dogs or Mickey Mouse ear with a tap the bracelet on the wrists” . Further, consumers do not have to stand in queue to take a ride, as Smartphone alerts would be sent in order to inform the time when the ride is available to the consumers.

Therefore, the next section will demonstrate how the process of operations and consumer experience is expected to change with the incorporation of the new technology in the Disney theme parks.

Figure 1: Metric to demonstrate the changes in operation due to new technology

The new technology allows changes in the process and experience for the guests in the theme parks. For the customers, the process reduces the inconvenience of procuring paper tickets, long queues, and more personalized experience.

The whole experience at a Disney theme park can be altered by incorporation of the new technology that allows customers to have greater freedom to move around enjoying the park without actually carrying cash or credit card to do the transactions.

Effect of the New Technology Socio-cultural change

Any new information system technology incorporated in the organizations in bound to change the socio-cultural environment of the organization.

The new technology would definitely bring forth changes in the socio-organizational structure of the theme parks, as new information system implemented would change communication with the guests.

In the previous system, the guests had to communicate with the employees of the park on different occasions such as while acquiring the tickets, inquiry related to the ride timings, the process of waiting, etc. however, with the new system in place, the guests can pre-order many of the things such as tickets, FastPass, the RFID bracelet, etc. online with almost no interaction required with the park employees.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Technology Intervention or Change in the Walt Disney Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The process, with the help of the new technology, was being transferred to the level where the guests were self-serving themselves, in terms of certain basic functions, while helping the park employees to concentrate on solely on enhancing the park experience.

Therefore, the interaction process will become more flexible and convenient for both the customers and the employees.

Financial

The main purpose of the information systems is to reduce costs in the services sector. The new technology to be adopted by Disney too is expected to reduce a lot of its operational cost. New technology adoption also aims at making the process more cost effective.

Enhancing Customer Experience

Literature suggests that adoption of new technology in the services industry that increases self-service actually enhances customer experience.

Therefore, with the incorporation of the new RFID technology will increase the consumer self-service when guests themselves tap the band to make payments with any assistance from the park employees. This will enhance the experience of the customers and reduce their waiting time considerably.

Human Resources

The implementation of the RFID system will reduce the employees in the ticketing, queue management, employees handling cash or card, and other such functions, as most of the operations would be done through the wristbands.

On the other hand, more employees would be employed to maintain a website for managing the pre-booking requests, and technicians to help operate the RFID system. Therefore, the employees who were simply handling cash and maintaining a simple registry will now have to be aware of the technology.

Further employees would be required to pay attention to the personalized information of the customers. Further, personalization is possible with the help of the new technology.

For instance, earlier Cinderella could say “Hello” to the visitors, however, if the guests choose to share information, the salutation may be done using first name, through the information provided to the employee playing Cinderella.

Marketing

The marketing for the theme parks would become easier tot eh next generation tech-savvy generation as Disney authorities were fearing that their theme parks may lose charm due to the new modes of technology.

However, this new technology would actually allow the company to market their parks using this new feature as a hassle free mode and appeal to the tech-savvy new generation.

Figure 2: Fishbone diagram

Figure 2 demonstrates a fishbone diagram and shows that adoption of new technology brings about various changes in the organization itself. First it changes the socio-cultural background of the organization, thus, changing tremendously the way the organization operates. Further, there is a definite change in the costs.

Though the initial implementation cost of a new technology is high, it eventually reduces tremendously the costs.

Conclusion Change in technology will inevitably bring about change in the organization. Change management literature is explicit on the changes implementation of new technology may bring forth. Apart from the known changes that technology ushers, there are organization specific changes that must be understood.

Implementation of new technology in an organization changes the whole organization, especially the way the company operated. Therefore, it is inevitable that such a technology change in a organization will change various facets of the organization.

New technology implementation in the theme park would change the way the park operates completely. There will be no need for employees or kiosks with paper tickets, and long queues. Rather, consumers themselves can acquire tickets and the wristbands online and arrange for their vacation in the park in advance.

Reference List Avgerou, C. (2001). The significance fo context in informaiton system and organizational change. Information Systems Journal, Vol. 11, 43-83.

Barnes, B. (2013, January 13). At Disney Parks, a Bracelet Meant to Build Loyalty (and Sales). Web.

Damanpour, F., Walker, R. M.,

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Mergers and Acquisitions of Chrysler, an American entity and Daimler-Benz Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

In the current business world, entities are looking into ways to expand, acquire an operational or a competitive advantage edge. One way of accomplishing this entails mergers and acquisitions.

A merger entails two firms combining on equal terms to form a different firm while in an acquisition; one firm becomes the holding entity of the other.

This is normally an exceedingly risky move since most entities are different in diverse ways. Companies differ in terms of philosophy, culture, operations and organizational structure. Integrating all these aspects is challenging.

Subsequently, many acquisitions and merge may fail to realize the ambitions of undertaking them (Goldberg

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The Business to Technological Processes Coursework online essay help

In every organization, profit maximization and cost minimization is the contribution of all the organization’s departments/divisions. This is only achieved if there is maximum cooperation of all the divisional heads involved.

The business process department and the reengineering department need to cooperate and work out various projects of an organization effectively. The two departments depend on each other for the success of the firm in the business environment.

While the business process department is responsible for development of a given product, the reengineering department is responsible for providing the best technology that can develop the required product.

As noted by McKeen and Smith (2009), designing of a new product that fits into the needs of customers is not enough as there is need for the redesigning and development of the product using the best techniques.

The reengineering department is responsible for innovation and establishment of a competitive advantage in technology. The technology should be the best in the market for attainment of a completive advantage.

The establishment of the business processes requires focus on a given market by the firm using the generic strategy as put forward by Porter. In an organization, one can design a good chocolate product for young children under the age of ten years.

The chocolate is comprised of various components that meet the things that children seek in chocolate such as enough sugar, flavor, color and taste among others (Gunasekaran

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Blackberry Analysis Evaluation Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Executive Summary The Blackberry is one of the leading Smartphone companies in the world. This firm was started in 1985 by Research in Motion Limited. The management was keen on transforming the electronic market, especially the phone segment. The management realized that the market for phones was on the rise.

After commissioning a research, the management realized that consumers were expecting a lot more services for their phones. This is what the management commissioned to undertake in order to provide consumers with the product they desire.

The management made use of technology to come up with their first Smartphone in 1999. It came at a time when the when the market was demanding for something special from the phones. This was the reason who the firm experienced a massive growth during this period.

Given the threats that existed in the market, other firms came up with similar products as that of Blackberry. This created a massive competition in the market.

Besides this, there were other environmental factors that did not favor this firm, a fact that saw Apple and Blackberry surpass Blackberry in market share for the Smartphone.

Introduction Founded in 1984, Research in Motion Limited “RIM” (renamed Blackberry in 2013) is the manufacturer and distributer of the popular Blackberry series Smartphone with its latest model, the Blackberry 10.

This has created a considerable degree of speculation as to whether or not it will be successful in the currently oversaturated Smartphone market (McCracken, 2013). In the past decade, Blackberry used to have a far larger share of the Smartphone market (roughly 40%) starting from the latter half of the 1990s till 2005.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It was only when other manufacturers (such as Nokia, Blackberry, Siemens, and Motorola) gained sufficient traction that Smartphone sales for the company began to dip (Castald, 2012).

The proverbial nail in the coffin came when Apple released the iPhone. From 2009 till the present the iPhone dominated the Smartphone market pushing other competitors, especially RIM, onto the sidelines.

While Blackberry has attempted to compensate for this by venturing into other markets and attempting to diversify its service offerings, the fact remains that the company should have delved deeper into more appropriate product development early on instead of relying on its old business model (Castald, 2012).

As a result, Blackberry’s shares have been falling in price as of late with many speculating that this once great company may actually go under (McCracken, 2013).

This paper will thus examine the latest changes and developments that have occurred within the company in the past year, reveal what it has been doing wrong and determine what could possibly be done to resolve the issues the company is currently experiencing.

Current Organizational Analysis The current business environment has remained very competitive. Blackberry finds itself in a position that its management had not anticipated before. The firm has lately been struggling to reclaim the lost glory in the Smartphone industry, but this is proving to be an uphill task.

It is challenging to find the best way through which it can top this industry as was the case before. On order to critically analyze this organization, the following SWOT analysis will be important.

We will write a custom Essay on Blackberry Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More SWOT Analysis of Blackberry

SWOT analysis is always a very important tool that helps in determining the internal ability and weaknesses of the firm, and the opportunities and threats that are available in the external environment.

This analysis will help in understanding this firm, and in knowing some of the factors that have propelled it to its current position in the market.

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Company

Blackberry has some special abilities that can be considered its main strength in the market. The ability of this firm to diversify in its products is a special ability that makes it stand out in the world as one of the few firms developed special niche for its products.

To help it succeed in this industry, this firm has come up with a quality control unit in all its subsidiaries in order to ensure that it delivers quality products to the customer (Chaston, 2009). Ability to deliver quality service to the customer has made it develop a special niche in the market making its products popular across the world. The firm is also one of the first firms that embraced value chain management.

Through this, the firm has been able to continue satisfying its customers at a reasonable cost. The ability of this firm to adopt the emerging technologies has been considered as strength by other firms.

Blackberry Z10 is one of its recent products that demonstrates its capacity to deliver special satisfaction to its customers by bringing products that are a little beyond the expectations of the market.

Despite the above strengths for this firm, it has some weaknesses that have impeded its growth to a given degree. One of the main concerns that this firm has not addressed properly is the issue of the emerging technologies.

Apple, Samsung and Nokia among other firms have successfully displaced this firm as the top manufacturers and distributors of Smartphone (Evans, 2012). The main reason for this was the inability of the firm to adapt to the emerging technologies within the right time.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Blackberry Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Another thorny issue for this firm has been on environmental management. The components of the products of this firm are known to be very dangerous to the environment. Old phones among other products of this firm pose a serious challenge to the environment.

This firm has been criticized, alongside other firms, to be leading in the pollution of the environment. This firm is yet to come up with a clear structure on how it can manage environmental pollution caused by its wastes around the globe (Chao, 2007).

The firm has claimed that it has been engaging in corporate social responsibility. However, this has not been enough to make the public believe its commitment to a cleaner environment.

Opportunities and Threats

In every industry, there are always opportunities and threats that a firm may come across in the external environment. There are various opportunities that exist for Blackberry in its operations in the global market.

One of the opportunities that this firm has had is an expansive and unexploited market in the third world countries. Most of the electronics firms have focused their effort on building a large base of loyal customers in the leading economies like the United States and the European markets (Liew, 2009).

This firm has managed to tap into the emerging markets in African and parts of Asia. The stable economic growth in the major economies means that there is increased opportunity for this firm to increase its sales in such countries as the American markets and the markets in Europe.

This growth of the economy means that the consumers will always have enough to spend on luxurious goods such as Blackberry Z10. There is an interesting trend in the market where this firm is competing with Apple for the market share of the tablets.

The BlackBerry Cobalt and Apple iPad 3 have been competing in the market for supremacy (McLaughlin

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Airbus in Alabama Evaluation Essay essay help free: essay help free

Most manufacturing companies that serve customers globally ensure that they have manufacturing plants in various parts of the world. The manufacturing plants in foreign locations improve the efficiency of the company’s services in these locations. Manufacturing companies may use the manufacturing plants in foreign locations to counter competition in these locations (Miltenburg, 2005).

Airbus attempts to use this strategy to conquer the lucrative American civil aviation market. The company intends to set up a manufacturing plant in Alabama. Alabama is the home of Boeing, Airbus’ main rival. The plant in Alabama would help in catering for large orders from American customers.

Alabama is the first US site of Airbus. The company has three plants worldwide. Airbus has two plants in Europe and one plant in Asia. The European plants are in Toulouse, France, and Hamburg, Germany. The Asian plant is in Tianjin, China. The American plant will cost approximately $600 million. Upon completion, the plant would create 1,000 jobs. In addition, the plant will create 3,200 jobs during the construction phase (Kaczmarski, 2012).

Airbus intends to use the Alabama plant to build relationships with American clients. By setting up a plant in Alabama, Airbus will increase competition in the civil aviation industry. Boeing will no longer be the only civil aviation manufacturer that has plants in the US. This would reduce the competitive edge of Boeing in the American market (Petrescu

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BUSI 528SALES PRESENTATION TOPIC AND REFERENCE PAGE ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS OVERVIEW Chemical Dependency is an issue facing every community and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) essay help online

Choosing a topic early in the term provides you additional time to reflect on and prepare the sales presentation to the Employee Assistance Professionals within the organization.
 INSTRUCTIONS
The purpose of this assignment is to prepare you for your Sales Presentation Assignment – Final Submission that you will submit in Module 7: Week 7. Choose a topic focused on chemical dependency and create a reference page of at least 5 scholarly sources in current APA format. 
Topics include A.
 A specific chemical dependency such as opioids.
B. The specific target audience needs to be mentioned, which as required in the Sales Presentation, is an Employee Assistance Professional (EAP) of a large organization.
C. Biblical Integration- a verse with at least a sentence or two stating how the verse applies to the topic.              i. For example why as Christians must we take on a subject of this manner
Length of assignment 
One page
The topic should have a brief paragraph outline what you are planning to discussion.
 Excluding cover/title page
 Reference page 
APA format 
Number of citations:
Five peer-reviewed sources
 One Biblical Integration 
Acceptable sources 
 Scholarly articles published within the last five years 
No plagiarism please!!!!

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Sociological Indicators of Energy Poverty Report (Assessment) essay help online: essay help online

Access to energy has been viewed as one of the ways of uplifting the living standards of people (Center for American Progress, 2013). This case reflects on the physiological versus sociological indicators of energy poverty. The inadequate renewable energy supply is quite widespread. This has lead to limited access to other physical recourses that require energy to maintain.

Such physical resources include appropriate housing units, health facilities and services, access to information on nutritional health, and other necessities. The governments’ lack of commitment in the distribution of electrical energy in rural areas is also a major issue of concern. The rural populations are the majority in these regions the rural settings.

The prolonged limited access to energy has also affected the sociological aspects of life. Some governments have poor economic policies (Nussbaumera, Bazilian

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Business Insourcing Research Paper online essay help

Table of Contents Business Insourcing

Countries that Insource

Benefits of Insourcing to these Countries

Demerits of Insourcing in these Countries

Companies that Insource in the US

References

Business Insourcing In the business world, it is critical to make strategic human resource decisions that substitutes outsourcing of labor. Reflectively, in-sourcing is the process of adding or building new units within a business with an intention of importing or using local labor that could have been outsourced. Thus, this reflective treatise attempts to explicitly review the advantages and disadvantages to insourcing in United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), and United Arabs Emirates (UAE).

Countries that Insource Due to the rapid growth in the economies of the US, UK, and UAE, insourcing has been necessary to maintain the required skills in the technical disciplines such as information technology and mechanics. For instance, in the last four years, many companies such as Google and Dell have continued to insource IT experts from Asia to correct their imbalance in the programming department.

In UK, Tesco Company has insourcing their supply chain which was based in America. In the UAE, the government has been active in insourcing labor in their numerous projects that require skilled labor from other parts of Asia, Africa, and the United States. The main reasons for insourcing to these countries include demand for special skills, inability of the local economy to provide enough labor, and expansion opportunities in doing business.

Benefits of Insourcing to these Countries Cost reduction and improvement of service benefits is the main advantage of insourcing. As a result, there is direct reduction in operating costs. The second advantage of insourcing is an improvement of service delivery. One of the research surveys included in this dissertation had most of the respondents supporting this advantage although the others favored cost reduction.

This in turn has a positive effect on the time taken to offer a certain service, or transaction between the businesses, and their customers. Thus, insourcing some activities would facilitate the establishment of customer care units to facilitate effective communication within the proximity of the market.

In addition, insourcing of some of the non-core activities within the retail companies provides considerable benefit from concentrating on the core activities that ensures competence (Tulenko

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Risk Analysis Process Qualitative Research Essay college essay help online

Executive Summary Risk analysis is a continuous process that requires discipline and effort from the organizations involved. A constant monitoring of both internal and external environment is important to detect the risk factors. Risks lurk in every aspect of the business. They vary from competitor innovations to new technology in the market. These dynamics in the market bring about disruption to the operational consistency in the organization.

Barclays bank, which is the case study of this paper, has strategies to counter both internal and external risks (Barclays bank, 2010). Apart from financial risk, the bank also faces other environmental and social risk in its expansion and operation. The bank has developed environmental and social impact assessment policy to all its branches worldwide and the policy is applied whenever the bank is providing its services to a sensitive sector.

Private consultants who provide the analysis report on potential risks that the bank may be facing normally carry out environmental and social risk analysis. This is done in accordance with World Bank, international corporation finance policies and equator principles that provide the criteria used in dealing with environmental and social impacts that surround financial institutions.

Source: Graig Moteff John rank business risk management.

Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to assess the risk management strategies and policies utilized by Barclays bank. The study will address

Risk identification

Risk assessment

Risk mitigation

Risk responsibilities

Evaluation and reporting

Risk Management Strategy Overview

A risk is the potential of an activity or a process to lead to undesirable outcome. Any human endeavor carries with it a risk, which may be rather difficult to eliminate. For this reason, therefore efforts are normally put in place to mitigate and control the impacts of these risks so that organizations are not adversely affected.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, there are risks that can be controlled and others that cannot. Risk may be perceived as the probability of bad or good things that may happen to a business depending on the objectives of the business (Porteous

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Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Analytical Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

The increasing internationalization and globalization armed with technology has made the world a global village. This means that people in different parts worldwide can intersect at a common place for reasons such as employment. Likewise, companies start looking around to expand their operations as the world increasingly becomes interconnected.

Though this concept looks interesting, it has some drawbacks due to cultural diversity. Both small and established companies face challenges such as pricing, development strategy, structuring projects and motivating people (Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory, Para 1 n.d).

Hofstede came up with five distinct cultural dimensions which show cultural distance from one culture to another and their impact on managerial decision making. Human masculinity (MAS) is one of the issues that he puts across. This refers to how society values men and women. Initially, men and women had different roles.

Therefore, if such believes apply in some areas, companies need to strategize on how to cope up with them. A good example is companies in Japan and Sweden. For a company to succeed in Japan, It needs to prefer male employees to women. On the other hand, a company getting into Sweden market will take into account employees with diversified working techniques regardless of gender.

A company getting into such market has to analyze and evaluate their staff and adopt accordingly (Devinney, Pedersen

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Descriptive Method Design – Sample Population Research Paper cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Research Design

Expected Outcome

References

Introduction The issue of sexual dysfunction is very sensitive and not every individual will report his problem. The number of male individuals with sexual dysfunction may therefore be small. The best place to get this population is in a clinical setting due to the sensitivity of the condition. The sample population of this study therefore will include men with problems of erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation.

Any patient with other co-morbidities other than sexual dysfunction will not be included in the study. Hospital records will help to determine that. In addition, any subject who is not a permanent resident in the city, where the hospital is located will not be recruited. All the subjects will be recruited in the study regardless of their socio-economic status. The sample will include male subjects of reproductive age: between 18 and 50 years.

This sample population will be recruited from a hospital setting, which will be selected purposively. Every subject will be given an equal chance of taking part in the study through use of random sampling. This kind of sampling is recommended because it is representative of the general population and decreases sampling error and sampling bias.

Unfortunately, since it is difficult to obtain a complete sampling frame for this kind of population, hospital records will be used to identify the population and use this population size to come up with a sample size using a sample size calculator. A 95% confidence interval will be selected while calculating the sample size.

Since the sample includes two sub-groups (male subjects with erectile dysfunction and those with premature ejaculation), proportional stratified kind of random sampling will be used to draw subjects with reference to the determined sample size. Scientifically choosing a sample population for this study will increase its chances of achieving external validity.

Research Design The chosen method of research design is an analytical case study. This kind of methodology will attempt to analyze the consequences of treatment and the rationale behind its effectiveness, in accordance with the results of the study. A case study is useful in giving insight into a complicated issue and can augment what has already been established in previous research (Krupp, et al. 2007).

This is the case in the present study since the case study that will be used can augment previous studies that have indicated pharmacotherapy treatment to be successful in treating males with erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. For the sake of achieving external validity, one type of pharmacotherapy treatment will be used for all subjects.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Each case will be thoroughly studied and analyzed. The case study research design helps a researcher to examine a condition in its real life context. Questionnaires will be used to collect data on the opinions of the subjects with regard to their condition. This will help to determine whether the condition is psychological or medical related.

It will also gather data on the outcome of sexual performance when pharmacotherapy treatment is used. In addition, interviews with the health workers will be conducted to get a deeper understanding into the sexual dysfunction conditions under study. Observation will also be used because it mainly helps to understand the unspoken language, that is, the perceptions and attitudes while filling in questionnaires and conducting interviews.

According to Yin (2003), a case study excels when answering the questions why and how, and when contextual information needs to be unveiled. In this study of pharmacotherapy treatment, not every sexual dysfunction is as a result of medical misfit, but, other psychological factors are concerned. Therefore, since a case study helps to understand the many facets revolving a complex issue, it will help to draw out clear cut lines into the determinants of sexual dysfunction and under which circumstances it works best.

Expected Outcome A lot of literature is available on how pharmacotherapy treatment counteracts erectile dysfunction as opposed to premature ejaculation. According to a critical review of literature by Eardley, et al. (2010), different types of pharmacotherapy treatment are used in the treatment of sexual dysfunction. Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors have been shown to be effective, safe and well-tolerated by patients.

The same is the case for Apormorphine, intraurethral alpostadil and intracavernosal injection therapy with alpostadil. Pharmacotherapy is usually the preferred initial treatment for sexual dysfunction and specifically, erectile dysfunction. The field of pharmacotherapy in treating erectile dysfunction has evolved over time and more development in the field is ongoing.

This study however has concentrated on erectile dysfunction alone. Various pharmacotherapy treatments for premature ejaculation are available but none of them has been approved according to Avasthi

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Drug and Polygraph Testing Coursework argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Implications of drug and polygraph test

Balancing the paradox of physical and psychological safety

Employee selection and development

Reference List

Implications of drug and polygraph test Insecurity within organizations in terms of dishonesty has led to organizations turning to the polygraph test as the ultimate way to ensure that employees are honest in their workplaces. Besides, organizations have embarked on drug testing as a way of curbing numerous accidents that arise due to drug use among employees.

Drug and polygraph tests may help organizations to improve their profit margin by making sure that employees are honest in their operations and that no accidents or damages occur within the workplaces due to drug use by employees (Giacalone

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Summary of Organizing Genius: The Secrets of Creative Collaboration was by Warren Bennis and Patricia Ward Biederman Essay (Book Review) writing essay help: writing essay help

The book is divided into eight topics that explore the concept of personal organization. Bennis and Biederman (1997) elaborate how good organization can lead to improved performance. It may also result into enormous success by an individual. The first chapter discusses the importance of combined efforts in dealing with a challenge.

The authors are completely against individual success. Unfortunately, they note that most Americans believe in the ideal of individualism. They argue that through the American world can achieve a lot through teamwork. They propose that as the world continues to become a global village, individualism cannot prevail.

The second chapter analyses a film industry with the aim of ascertaining the importance of group work. For a movie to be successful, a lot of group work is needed. No individual person has the capability of producing a movie or a film. The combined creativity in these areas can produce impressive results.

The level of collaboration witnessed in the film industry was instrumental in attaining the greatest levels of creativity. This chapter also demonstrates how good leadership skills and competences can lead into significant growth in any business enterprise. The third chapter analyzes the growth and development of computing knowledge.

The emergence of major industry players in computer technology is also elaborated in this chapter. This reinforces the importance of great leadership in the success of a business venture. A collection of individuals with expertise skills and knowledge alongside great leadership have enabled the evolution of computing technology.

Competition is also mentioned in this chapter as a major way through which creativity and innovation activated. The fourth chapter explores how positive co-operation can build hope. A case study of President Clinton’s campaign teams has been used to elaborate the importance of collaborating.

For instance, Clinton’s campaign teams brought harmonized great minds together for the sole purpose of convincing the Americans that he was the best candidate for presidency. The achievement realized in this collaboration is attributed to proper organization. In addition, excellent leadership skills also played a vital role. These case scenarios highlight the significance of collaborating whenever certain goals have been set to be achieved.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The 1960 scientific research project has also been noted as another example of significant achievement that resulted from co-operation among individuals with a common goal. The achievements of this project revolutionized the defense forces in America. The Manhattan project wasted a lot of talent when it excluded women in executing its functions.

This chapter explores how women can play a vital role in the success of business organizations. Moreover, inadequate educational opportunity for women has led to great loss of the talent female population. The last chapters expound the lessons learned from the case scenarios and how they can be applied in leadership. Various ways through which these lessons can be applied within groups of people have been discussed.

The authors assert that the book offers a rich source of information that can be used to guide team work and small groups in organizations. This final chapter offers general advice on how to guarantee success of a business venture. The authors are quite categorical that managers should hire people who are skilled and talented. The management should also ignore gender bias when recruiting employees.

Reference Bennis, W.

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International Business Administration Exploratory Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents Retail entry into India

Determination of Successes and Failures

Repatriation

Inpatration

References

Retail entry into India India’s retail sector is one of the most robust, and the country’s major economic pillars. This is in terms of the number of retailer outlets, country’s total GDP, and the people working in these outlets (Branch, 2008). However, despite the robustness of this sector, there are various restrictions that have been put in place to prevent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

Larsen (2007) point out that the current situation in India, as far as foreign activity in India’s retail sector is concerned; FDI is still not permitted in the country’s mass retailing sector. Be that as it may, there is a provision that allows foreign investors to become majority shareholders in some of the retail outlets, which deal with their products.

Drake (2012) notes that the entry of established retail outlet chains, such as Wal-Mart, is likely to increase the supply chain efficiency in India’s retail industry. This is because they will, among other things, enhance the sector’s ability when it comes to value addition and ensuring that products do not get spoiled as a result of lack of storage facilities.

Moreover, Drake (2012) explains that the entry of established chains is likely to have a positive effect on the existing local retailers because it will ensure standardization in the sector’s products. This will enhance the sector’s capacity to export its products.

Determination of Successes and Failures Several strategic factors determine the success and failures. First and foremost, Taylor (1997) notes that the nature of the products themselves is a key determinant when it comes to the success or failure in global supply chain management. Global retail outlets, such as Wal-Mart, that have managed to successfully ensure that there is value addition in their products, have been successful in their operation.

This is because such products are able to attract higher prices in the international market because of the nature of their quality (Mangan, Lalwan

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Countries Leaving European Union Case Study cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Introduction For three years now, the Euro zone has experienced major fiscal inadequacies that have threatened to disintegrate the union. The crises have led to categorization of European members as either debtors or creditors. Germany remains to be the most influential creditor within the union while Greece, Spain, Italy and France are among members that have received momentous bailouts from other countries.

Under the prevalent economic and financial policies within the region, the debtors will continue to pay significant amount of risk premiums to finance their debts. Consequently, the policy has plunged some economies into depression and denied some members a competitive advantage.

This is not only in the short term but the trend has also started to be a permanent feature of the respective economies. This position paper asserts that many European Union members will abandon the Euro in the long term due to the ever-increasing fiscal challenges and problems.

Disintegration of the Euro Zone in the Long Term The current trends in the Euro zone have continued to illustrate the inevitability of disintegration of the European Union. Various reasons are critical in the analysis of the fiscal challenges within the Euro zone. First, economists argue that the Euro Zone is headed for disintegration owing to the fact that some of the policies have become redundant.

Indeed, they say that the introduction of the Euro came about due to a series of mistakes in the formulation of policies. Before its inception, it was almost obvious that the euro was an incomplete currency without a treasury but with a central bank. Members were not quick to realize this mistake and went ahead to give up their sovereign right to print their currencies.

This predisposed them to the high risk of default. Undoubtedly, this became apparent at the start of Greek crises. Upon the onset of the crises, the policy makers within the Euro Zone did not seem to understand the problem. Instead, they erected measures that only made the situation to deteriorate. Outstandingly, lack of cooperation within the Euro Zone was apparent leading to a lack of plan that could alleviate the crises.

In fact, Germany was unwilling to take up increased liabilities leaving few if any chances to resolve the fiscal problems. As the problem spread, it became clear that other members were facing similar challenges. It is only then that Germany attempted to put up minimum measures to hold together the euro owing to the apparent breakup.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As such, lack of cooperation between members of the Euro zone has exacerbated the fiscal crises leading to the assertion that the euro may not hold on for long considering the attitudes of other members. The Maastricht Treaty was a failure from the start. Although the policy aimed at stabilizing countries transitioning into the Euro Zone, it left out some important details that were only apparent during the fiscal crises.

Indeed, the treaty failed to ensure that the Euro Zone had a common treasury where members issued with bonds could have equal obligations. To this end, the Eurobonds printed by the European Central Bank face resistance from many members including Germany. Contrary to the belief of the formulators of the treaty that members will have a political will when the need for common treasury emerges, the political will is lacking.

Despite this mistake, the euro also suffered from other defects that the financial crises of 2007-08 revealed. Further, the Euro Zone continued to rely on the Maastricht treaty that had overlooked the potential inability of the financial markets to correct their own inadequacies. In fact, the treaty formulation came under belief that only the public sector suffers from chronic deficiencies and deficits.

Ideally, fundamentalists in economics would argue that the treaty had correctly articulated the financial markets’ ability to correct their own defects. Nonetheless, the dawn of the financial crises that engulfed the world in 2008 revealed the weaknesses of the Euro. Initially, the European Commission had continued to take the stance that the crises were only fiscal.

To the contrary, only Greece experienced fiscal crises while other countries faced budgetary problems. Besides, they suffer from the lack of competitiveness leading to negative balance of payments (BOP). Instead, the Euro Zone attempted to buy time with the hope that the crises would disappear. In contrast, many countries continued to plunge into recessions.

The level of recession that many countries in the Euro Zone experience has precipitated temporary actions that are not necessarily in line with the objectives of the European Central Bank. Specifically, Spain has attempted to erect measures that have increased its national debt and budgetary deficits. These measures according to the European Commission were not objective and failed to resolve future crises.

Indeed, it is apparent that the measures failed to address the banking regulations, economic growth and unemployment in both the short term as well as in the long term. To this end, many countries have begun to formulate policies that fit their situations as opposed to having one ‘blanket’ policy that governs the entire zone.

We will write a custom Case Study on Countries Leaving European Union specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the long term therefore, it will become a difficult task to harmonize the policies in line with the objectives of the European Commission. This is a precipitate of the impending disintegration of the Euro Zone. Finally, many countries that are currently in the Euro Zone and do not suffer from fiscal policies problems have expressed interest to leave the Euro.

Particularly, Prime Minister, David Cameron of Britain has shown dissatisfaction with the euro. The rationale is that the austerity measures erected by the EU have had negative effects on the population due to deceleration in the economic growth. Consequently, this has led to an increase in the rates of unemployment in the country.

In addition, protests across Europe against austerity measures have grown immensely questioning the ability of the euro to remain together. Germans too are a concerned lot. The reason is that the country has used huge amounts of money to loan and bail out member countries whose economies look bleak. As such, it is a matter of time before the Euro collapses.

Conclusion Since the inception of the euro, many countries were willing to join the common currency. However, the current financial and policy challenges have lend to an inevitable abandonment of the euro. The reason behind the threat is that the euro suffered major faults since its inception.

Lack of cooperation among the members, shortsighted corrective measures, protests against the euro and the austerity measures have exacerbated the situation. To that end, it is important to state that many members of the euro will abandon it in the long term.

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InstructionsFollow the directions below for the completion of the Annotated Bibliography assignment for Unit II. If you have questions, please email your professor for assistance. Purpose: The purpose online essay help

If you have questions, please email your professor for assistance.
Purpose: The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to summarize the sources that you have gathered to support your research proposal project. These summaries help you to think about the complex arguments presented in your sources.
Description: In this assignment, you will create an annotated bibliography consisting of seven sources. Each entry will consist of a reference list citation, a summary of the source’s information, and a one-sentence assessment. Each annotation should be between 150 to 200 words. If an entry is shorter than 150 words, it is likely you have not fully developed your summary, and this lack of development can severely impact your grade for this assignment.
Annotated bibliography example
As always, you may also seek out the guidance of the Writing Center; the Writing specialists are always there to assist you with your writing, comprehension, and APA formatting. Be advised that Writing Specialist require up to two business days to return requests. If you have questions concerning APA style or your writing assignment, you can contact the Writing Center at [email protected] or by phone at ext. 6538.You may also seek help from the librarians at the CSU Online Library who are there to assist you with your research and information literacy, which is the ability to find and evaluate information to help you make sound decisions, whether for academic, professional, or personal purposes. Under the Resources tab in Blackboard, select My Library. You have the ability to chat with a librarian via the live chat on the right side of the screen, or you can access the contact information for the CSU Online Library.

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US-China Business Affiliation Analytical Essay best essay help

Introduction China, which is a rising market, has shocked the whole world in terms of its pace of monetary development. There is a high probability of the country continuing to characterise the manner in which its globalisation efforts open up in the 21st century. For this reason, as DG Trade confirms, the speedy growth of the Chinese financial system has the implications of resulting in a worldwide feel of trade affairs and contracts between China and different nations or local areas of international commerce such as the European Union (EU)1.

China is undergoing immense number of changes, including social, economic, and political modifications that are deemed pivotal in enhancing its integration in the global trade. Some of the changes such as the increased industrial activity in China produce some impacts on the environment. Thus, it is likely that the trade agreements and collaboration treaties, which are made with China, will take different dimensions compared to accords that the US has with other nations.

The liberalisation of doing business and its subsequent impacts will demand an analysis to be conducted with particular focus on China, Europe, and the US. The three countries outline a large team of expenditure bazaars. They also hold enormous manufacturers. This effort is perhaps well exemplified by the instigation of the European Union and China’s PCA consultations, which reflect the intention of the two trade partners to intensify and/or broaden their commercial links2.

Nevertheless, as it will be revealed in this dissertation, regardless of the fact that profound investments in mutual business associations between China and the US create myriads of opportunities, the affiliation has also developed some overriding disputes. How then maintainable is the US-China business affiliation? Can China step into the shoes of the US? By considering two case studies, the paper confirms that China is neither able nor ambitious to step into American’s shoes.

Background According to Meer, Geest, and Evans, China continues to realise an impressive growth rate. However, there have also been some economic imbalances3. Their implication means that even though the Chinese financial system is quickly rising, it is also dependent on overseas sales to various nations, contrary to home expenditure. This situation makes China experience some troubles in the overseas bazaars.

The repercussion for this situation is the surfacing of commercial pressure between China and its mutual partners, as it has been the case for the business dealings between China and the EU. As Alavi says, for mutual commercial dealings to flourish, it is crucial to have equilibrium of imports and exports to and from partners that participate in the commercial association4.

Regrettably, this anticipation seems contrary to the situation between China and the US upon considering Dreyer and Erixon’s words that the US business shortfall with China has enlarged speedily in the previous decades from approximately 50 billion EUR 13 years ago to around 200 billion EUR eight years ago5.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The difference marks a more than three times boost. This business shortfall develops nervousness concerning the financial amalgamation of the mutual business between the US and China, especially by noting that the main trading associates of China include Europe and the US.

Although the aggravation in the mutual trade association emanates from both sides, China may end up being the major loser if the business connection between it and the US becomes unpleasant. For instance, according to Razeen, China holds the awareness that the US does not value business dealings that are of reciprocal advantage to both parties6.

Therefore, it is discouraged by persistent demands by the US for China to put in place business defensive strategies. As Foot confirms, the US encounters enormous challenges while attempting to access the Chinese market7. For the US, the most difficult challenges in fostering the bilateral trade relationships with China arise due to the reason that the US bumps into the substantive bazaar accessibility issues in regions where its merchandise and services are aggressive in China.

Upon considering the issue of overdependence on the foreign markets in the US due to some of the Chinese-made products, the main interrogative is whether China is able or is ambitious enough to step into America’s shoes. Amid the economic boom in China, the US remains highly influential in the international trade and global relations.

Hence, if China needs to enhance further growth of its economy, it must retain a positive relationship with the US. However, can it convert its economic power to military supremacy in an attempt to occupy the position of a superpower that is currently occupied by the US? This question is considered in the sections on case studies and their analysis.

Cases 1 Animosity between China and the US came out publicly in 1971 during the presidency of Richard Nixon. He announced that bad relations between the two states had amounted to a matter that was hard to resolve. Nixon added that he was prepared to engage in dialogue with China to improve the relationship between the US and about 750 million people living in China. The US also objected to improve the relationship between China and the rest of its trading communities.

In 1970, many Americans regarded the trip of President Nixon as equivalent to visiting the moon. Indeed, Dong reported that the bad relationship was a major concern to the US since it was later indicated by fiscal policies8. Towards the end of 1971, President Nixon considered devaluing the country’s currency by 8% in an effort to address the problems of unemployment and increased challenge of inflation.

We will write a custom Essay on US-China Business Affiliation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequently, many other nations embarked on floating their currencies against the US currency. However, Shanghai experienced little impacts, if any. China held that the economic policy for the US did not influence it in any way. Dong quotes the government of China responding that no open proof was available in the industrial regions of China concerning anyone who might have demonstrated the least concentration to Washington’s fresh financial guiding principle.

Was the US experiencing negative impacts from the then bad relationships with China? The paper confirms that it was encountering terrible effects. By 1971, China was almost insulated from other parts of the world. After 36 years, in 2007, Shanghai stock market experienced massive decline (9%) in its stock exchange.

Up to date, the affairs between US and China have incredibly been upgraded. In 2009, China emerged the third largest purchaser of the US produced products. On the other hand, the US became the second largest export destination for China-produced products9. Can China engage in conflicts, which may destroy this economic relationship with the US in a bid to replace it as a superpower?

Case 2 Economic power is critical in enhancing a nation’s geopolitical power. The immensely growing economic status of China raises the question of whether it (China) can transform its economic wealth into military power in a bid to improve its geopolitical power so that it can take critical roles in global decision-making processes. The case of dominance of economic giants in the UN Security Council and other international organisations evidences this assertion.

For instance, in the WB and IMF, the voting authority is a function of opinionated supremacy that nations reflect on international platforms and the amounts of capital donations. The G7 parties assume the most momentous position in strategy improvement. While the US, Japan, France, the Great Britain, and Germany have one manager for each, 19 other managers are designated from about 150 affiliated states.

The convention for the selection of the MD for the WB is essentially to fix an American individual while that of the IMF is to fix a European. In case of IMF, the G7 selection influence is 46 percent as Gretchen confirms10. An effective international system must promote political, profitable, and collective impartiality.

With the governance of the most influential nations in the management and setting of policies in the intercontinental organisations, the question that emerges is whether indeed the intercontinental humanity, as suggested by the English school of thought, can precisely reveal the interactions of states in the current world order. Considering the growing economic wealth of China, it is debatable that it has the desire to acquire a stronger position in decision-making processes in international organisations, including the UN Security Council.

However, can it accomplish this goal with objective of competing with the US-established stronger position? Layne asserts that from the late 1980 until 1990s, China’s economy grew by an average of 10. Later, it grew by 8% to about 9% until 2005. In 2006 to 2007, this growth rose to 11%.

Not sure if you can write a paper on US-China Business Affiliation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This finding implies that economic growth can translate into the rising of China as a great power. As nations grow economically, some of them gain power while others lose it to the growing nations. As such, the growth of China into an economic power means loss of power to the existing superpowers, including the US. Layne reveals how these virtual financial adjustments have signalled the coming up of fresh grand authorities, which will soon have a significant influence on the martial/protective command12.

China understands the relationship between its economic power and geopolitical weight. Measured from the context of GDP, if it continues with its current growth rate in this decade, it will surpass the US economy, thus making it the largest economic giant of the world. Indeed, as Layne confirms, the US military intelligence agency projects that China will have become a first class-military power by 2020, thus qualifying as a rival to the US13. However, is China determined to achieve this status? This question remains a puzzle even to date.

Comparison and Evaluation of the Two Cases

Nations do not want to lose their dominance in the global decision-making process. They want to retain their ability to influence others to behave in certain ways. The two cases are similar in the extent that they depict the US as a more powerful nation than China, although the two countries are also mutually dependent on one another for economic propriety.

Kurlantzick supports the probability that the US will remain more powerful than China well over some unpredicted period in the future14. Minimal evidence is available for scholars to believe that that China will develop to become the global superpower, as it will most probably experience some future turmoil in its current economic growth15. The likelihood of the ‘one child’ policy will lead it into some social burdens. Shrinkage of labour forces compared to the total population translates into increasing salaries and wages.

The situation causes the depletion of a nation’s competitive advantage. The suggestion is that China may lose its competitive advantage that it experiences today due to the availability of cheap and readily available labour supply in its industries.

Toppled economic success of China is probable upon considering that the one-child policy will make the Chinese labour force constitute the elderly in the near future. Their sole daughters or sons, akin to the one-child policy, will only replace such people. This situation will constrain household savings to the extent of compelling China to create an expensive social welfare scheme, which will deplete most of its current gains.

Consequently, even if it can currently fight for the superpower position with the US, it may soon lose the power to sustain the position. Considering that its good relations with the US will be lost, China will remain in a tricky position since it may never recover its economic success.

The two cases are similar in the extent that they indicate uncertainties that are accompanied by a low probability of China engaging in confrontations with the US to the level of destroying its diplomacy relationships. However, Kurlantzick reveals China’s increased involvement of in cyber crimes that are aimed at destroying their enemies16.

He also reckons, “China has begun to challenge the United States’ militarily, sending attack submarines to patrol closely American warships, and launching a missile as a test for destroying satellites, potentially boosting the militarisation of space”17. Although this situation poses a threat to the US security, the significance of the threat when analysed in time domain depends on the ability of China to experience continued economic growth to support investment in military equipment, training, and development of more technologically enhanced military confrontation strategies.

However, Kurlantzick says that such capability remains unclear18. The two cases show that for a nation to become a superpower, it must pose a significant threat to other nations so that it develops the capability to influence global policies. In 2009, Pentagon claimed to have used about 100 million dollars in less than seven months in the effort to counter to and/or refurbish the damage that had accrued from cyber threats and other inconveniences of computer systems.

On 1st April 2009, as Rid confirms, the US policy developers campaigned for the engagement of a White House virtual safety ‘czar’ to radically raise the US resistance in opposition to cyber assaults by designing suggestions to authorise the administration to lay down and implement defence principles for classified business for the initial instance19. On issues on cyber attacks, the emerging Asian economic giants, including China, are becoming a major threat to the safety of many nations.

At the beginning of 2012, startling allegations of India’s involvement in hacking one of the United Sates’ commissions systems of e-mail communication hit many local and international media headlines. The communication system essentially dealt with security and economic relations between China and the US.

Many reports contended and confirmed that Indian government spy hackers succeeded in placing an Indian cyber spying military intelligence document on the internet. The document discussed mechanisms of targeting China-US communication processes with the help of expertise from mobile phone manufacturers of the western world. Reportedly, email transcripts of the mails changing hands between the commission members were also included in the document.

Among many other cases of operating system’s software hacking, an attack was speculated on 21st November 2011 in the US. It was claimed in the media that a trespasser had cracked a Curran-Gardner’s municipality water siphon in the state of Illinois. Nevertheless, it was afterwards revealed that the message was bogus.

The two incidents exemplify an ongoing trend of access of organisations and states’ internet computer resources without authenticity. Many of such attempts are suspected to originate from the emerging Asian economies. The first case evidences that good the international relation between China and the US has experienced some challenges in the past.

However, after 1970s, the two nations considered resolving their diplomatic issues so that they could support each other in their economic growth. However, as suggested in the second case, improved relationships between the two nations increased the economic growth of China to levels that the US is now suspecting it of attempting to overthrow it from the superpower position.

This issue raises the fear concerning whether the relationship between China and the US will follow the same path that was followed by the trading relationship between China and the EU. The EU accused China of producing counterfeit products and damping them in the EU member states. Based on the aforementioned allegations, in 2008, several China exports antidumping cases were established.

The cases were linked to the merchandise that originated from China such as steel and candles20. In his book, Chinese Foreign Relations, Sutter investigates the course that was adopted by the EU-China business associations21. The main technique he uses is to examine the rulings of the cases where Chinese businesses have often been caught up in standoffs involving the indictment of engagement in indecent antidumping exercises.

Sutter studies more than 40 scenarios that have been put forth by the EU targeting the Chinese businesses based on the antidumping indictment22. The results of Sutter’s work indicate that China observes that its businesses are not handled reasonably during the EU antidumping examinations. This awareness originated from the participation of Chinese businesses in more than five antidumping examinations in 2007.

In fact, as Sutter observes, out of the six examinations that led to the setting of conditional responsibilities in 2007, Chinese businesses featured in almost of them. Surprisingly, out of the eight new explorations that led to the campaigning of unambiguous consequences, Chinese bazaars took the biggest portion by being held responsible for over 60% of the cases.

Considering that the US currently occupies the position of a superpower by default, it can also raise issues that can destroy its trading relationship with China as witnessed in the case of EU so that it reduces the size of the Chinese market in the US in a bid to lower its economic growth rate. Unfortunately, China is now targeting to build trading relationships with developing economies in Africa and other Asian nations. Consequently, the US may fail to herald the economic boom in China. However, upon considering the US military capability, China may not be able or even be ambitious to step into the US shoes.

Analysis of Issues in the Cases The speculation on local business dealings is dated back to the early 1950s when Johnston posited in 1954 that in case states do not participate in business treaties, they would endeavour to levy business in the attempt to ensure that they exploit the worldwide market within their reach as Giovanni says23. Following these developments, the established symmetry often translates into a business conflict between nations as evidenced by the two scenarios.

Worldwide business contracts act as a tool for ensuring that such business disagreements are alleviated. This line of opinion was further established by the work of Bagwell and Staiger in 200024. They extended the frameworks in situations where the government was subjected to various political pressures. Politically stimulated administrations also opt to take part in trade concords to the extent that they can promise that their business entities are corrected.

As Mitra asserts, this claim suggests that the pursuit of achieving political potential does not essentially act as basis of enthusiasm during engagements in the business contracts, particularly with politically influential countries such as the US25. This finding raises the subject of China’s inspiration to take part in business associations with the US so that the US becomes the second largest market for the China-produced products.

China has an interest in forming business associations with countries, which will provide a clarification to all international matters, including the repercussion of the international monetary crunch that began in 2008-2009. However, its intention to step into the shoes of the US in a bid to overthrow it as a superpower nation is not backed by evidence.

Since China has the benefit of low cost of manufacturing its products, it sounds imperative to deduce that through business collaboration with the US, it is possible for it (China) to take incredible advantage of this potency to successfully benefit from on the US market to place its commodities and services. Being a nation of low manufacturing charges justifies why China is considered a sufficient answer to the monetary catastrophe as Chaudhuri observes26.

Following the friction in business associations between China and the US in the early 1970s, the US will not appreciating parting ways with China as an economic associate. China will also aim at inducing a conflict with the US by stepping into its shoes at the expense of losing its established markets for its (China) products.

Given the large manufacturing aptitude of China and the size of expenditure bazaar for the US, Chaudhuri says that China cannot pause to determine various matters that hamper its business dealings with the US27. If China is to give up on business discussions in the US-China conferences, it implies that it has to resort to reinforcing its fiscal and commercial dealings with the EU and other trade associates.

However, the search for guaranteeing that it does not put all its eggs in a single creel acts as a delicate motivator for the nation to continue perusing the means of lessening its business connections issues with the US, but not offending it. The above expositions provide insights that both China and the US have a large number of common interests to share through trading relationships. Nevertheless, this observation does not imply the absence of areas in which conflicts of interest can arise.

In this extent, Hanso asserts that China, which is an upcoming country, regards the US as an imperative financial associate, although it also deploys it to offset the supremacy of the US that China considers a premeditated competitor in the international matters28. By gaining economic power, it implies that China becomes even more assertive in fighting for her position in the international trading treaties.

Consequently, in comparison with the US, Europe presents a less threatening trading partner to China. This situation exposes the EU to tough trading relationship choices between it and China in the future, as China becomes more economically powerful and wealthy. Unfortunately, China cannot step into the shoes of the US due to the US’ already strong competitive position in the global affairs.

China can rise to the same current economic position of the US. However, it may take time to overcome the US-established global dominance and acceptance of its ideologies. By attaining almost equivalent monetary competitive benefit, parties that take part in trading conformity often come across some issues.

Chaudhuri reinforces this claim by providing an insight that profitable collaboration paves a way for the two parties to labour jointly for their collective advantage, even if disparities in opinionated administrations and significant philosophies and estimations of relative growth lead to troubles in the joint dealings29. This matter is more considerable upon noting that the US has been struggling to handle the upshots of the worldwide fiscal catastrophe.

The connotation of this claim is that the negotiation authority of the US relative to that of China in the US-China trading association is severely destabilised. The US has to hold and discover the immense responsibility that China is assuming in the worldwide market. Subsequently, the US needs to adopt practical schemes to ensure that it is not disadvantaged in the trading contracts between the two.

However, the claim does not mean that cessation of the US-China business association is an option. The position that is held by China in the worldwide markets makes several nations and local trading associates seek collaboration with China. Therefore, it is not urgent for the US to lose the prospect of seeking business incorporation with the upcoming universal moneymaking giant.

According to Giovanni, local business contracts will not cease to exist in the near future30. Hence, China and the US will want to engage in conflicts that can destroy their trading agreements that have been benefiting them mutually. Almost 50% of the international business takes place via local trade contracts. These unions can be two-sided, meaning that they are established between two states.

They can also be multilateral as McMillan reveals31. The comprehension of the pressure that business deals have in terms of boosting the sales volumes of a nation’s commodities translates into the certifying of a myriad of local commercial contracts across the globe. For instance, with reference to the worldwide economic crunch, almost 30 RTAs were reported to the World Trade Organisation at the close of 2009 as Freund confirms32.

This state of affairs brought the sum of local business unions to 300 by 201033. Subsequently, an enquiry arises on whether business localisation acts to impede the many-sided trading scheme. This issue equally disturbs research intellectuals such as Freund and Ornelas who further worry whether local business contracts need to be distinguished or they are a bother to the intercontinental society34.

The aforementioned intellectual probing of the impact of local contracts creates impressions that business dealings or relationships between diverse nations of different geographical areas may develop issues or lead to monetary donations of both parties coming into the business associations.

The accord may also serve to create prosperity for only one nation, which forms the business union. This situation may form fertile grounds for China’s attempt to step into the shoes of the US. However, China cannot be willing to follow this path since both nations equally benefit from one another.

Conclusion Political scholars see China’s growing economy as a major threat to the sustained position of the US as the world superpower. As suggested in the two cases, operating in an environment of uncertainty about the future of the Chinese economy, it is most improbable that China will attempt to step into the shoes of the US.

Any sliding from the economic growth curve means destruction of the existing good trading relationships between the two nations. After threatening to overthrow the US from a superpower position, China will be the overall loser. Besides losing its competitive advantage, it will lose its second largest market for its products. Consequently, the paper holds that it is neither able nor ambitious to step into the shoes of the US.

Bibliography Alavi, R., An Overview of Key Markets, Tariffs and Non-tariff Measures on Asian Exports of Select Environmental Goods, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, 2007.

Bagwell, K.

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Good Wristwatches Design Thesis essay help online free: essay help online free

Table of Contents Problem statement

Mapping the dimensions of the problem

Scenario for what could be

What happened?

References

Problem statement When it comes to discussing the deficiencies of a particular artifact’s design, it represents the matter of a crucial importance to be able to identify the extent of this item’s compatibility with currently predominant socio-cultural discourses.

The reason for this is quite apparent – in order for a particular design to be considered thoroughly efficient, it must be reflective of people’s discourse-related existential anxieties/expectations (Foucault, 1978).

In its turn, this provides us with the objective reason to suggest that the conventional design of circularly shaped mechanical/quartz wristwatches, which features hour, minute and second hands, can no longer be considered discursively relevant, because it does not reflect the actual realities of a post-industrial living. Let me begin arguing the case from afar.

Even though that there can be few doubts, as to the fact that conventional wristwatches do allow their owners to keep a good track of time, these watches’ design mirrors what is now being proven a theoretically fallacious concept of the universe.

After all, throughout the course of the early 20th century (when a conventional design of wristwatches came to its prominence), people had very few doubts, as to the ‘orderly’ essence of the universe’s workings. Back then, scientists saw the universe as a giant complicated mechanical devise.

The idea was that the universe was a huge and intricate machine that obeys orderly mathematical rules. If you knew the rules of how the machine was configured to start with, as you turn the handle over and over again, it would behave in an entirely predictable way.

In essence, the universe was believed to be a huge cyclically functioning celestial ‘mechanism’, which in turn implied the predictability of its observable manifestations. Hence, the philosophy of the mechanical wristwatches’ design – it was meant to uphold the people’s Newtonian view of the surrounding reality and their place in it.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Just as the planet Earth revolves around the Sun in a thoroughly orderly and predictable manner, so does the hour-hand in mechanical watches. The movement of the minute-hand reflects the Newtonian subtleties of the Moon’s rotation around the Earth.

In its turn, the movement of a second-hand can be well seen, as such that reflects people’s deep-seated expectations, concerned with the Earth’s rotation around its own axis, which causes watch-wearers to experience the sensation of a cyclical flow of time.

As Aveni (1989) noted, “On your wrist, you may see yet another mechanism we have made to control both the passage of events and the rhythm of our behavior. This device’s very shape conveys the notion of the daily round of time and the natural form of the sky” (p. 88).

This explains the metaphysical significance of many mechanical watches’ complications, meant to ‘predict’ evolutions in the celestial ‘sphere’, such as the moon-phase indicator.

Apparently, by wearing these watches, people unconsciously strive to overcome their growing suspicion that there is in fact no God in the universe, which in turn makes them more emotionally stable.

Nevertheless, as history goes on, it becomes increasingly harder for people to remain thoroughly comfortable with the cyclical passage of time, which they get to observe on their conventionally designed wristwatches.

This is because, due to the recent discoveries in the field of physics, the concept of the universe, as a fully predictable celestial mechanism, has grown hopelessly outdated.

We will write a custom Thesis on Good Wristwatches Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After all, in light of these discoveries, the universe appears to be not a mechanism, but rather an organism, which continually evolves and which will eventually age and die, due to the forces of entropy.

The discovery of the ‘uncertainty principle’ by Werner Heisenberg in 1927, created objective preconditions for the earlier mentioned discursive development to occur. According to this principle, it is fundamentally impossible for researchers to be simultaneously aware of the atom’s location and its speed.

This is because, contrary to the classical conceptualization of an elementary particle, the theoretical provisions of quantum mechanics point out to the fact that the atom’s actual location is being spatially ‘dispersed’ – the same atom can be found in a few different locations, at the same time (Heelan, 1975).

The discursive implications of the ‘uncertainty principle’ are quite apparent – the universe’s workings cannot be predicted by definition, because the universe itself is being made out of fundamentally unpredictable ‘bricks’, commonly known as atoms.

Thus, the conventional design of mechanical/quartz watches, which extrapolates the philosophical significance of the 19th century’s scientific conventions, can no longer be considered fully attuned to the discourse of relativity.

Yet, this particular discourse nowadays defines the qualitative aspects of the 21st century’s living. Partially, this explains why, as of today, it became a commonplace practice among many people to complain about the fact that, while wearing conventionally designed wristwatches, they experience the sensation of having no control over their own lives.

Apparently, while being exposed to the visually observable movement of minute and second hands, people have no other option but to consider the possibility that they themselves are nothing but the replaceable elements of a ‘social machine’.

Therefore, it will not be much of an exaggeration, on my part, to suggest that, as of today, there are a number of discursive preconditions for the classic design of wristwatches to be radically revised.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Good Wristwatches Design by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Instead of serving the function of prompting people to lead ‘socially-responsible’ lifestyles, wristwatches should serve the function of increasing the extent of people’s emotional comfortableness with the notion of a godless and chaotic universe, in which the flow of time has an unmistakable relativist subtlety.

Mapping the dimensions of the problem Given what has been said earlier, the conceptualization (mapping) of the discursively relevant design for wristwatches should be concerned with the following:

a) Abandoning mechanical movements. As it is being the case with the design of just about every life-enhancing gadget, the design of wristwatches must reflect the practical implications of an ongoing technological progress.

Therefore, the practice of powering wristwatches with mechanical movements can no longer be deemed appropriate. After all, as compared to mechanical wristwatches, battery-powered quartz and digital wristwatches are being much more accurate and price-friendly.

Even though that, as of today, mechanical watches continue to enjoy popularity with many intellectually inflexible people, this state of affairs will not last forever, as it is being inconsistent with the objective laws of history.

b) Abandoning minute and second hands. Ever since the notion of ‘design’ came into a practical prominence, it never ceased being considered synonymous with the notion of ‘improvement’.

In its turn, the notion of ‘improvement’ cannot be discussed outside of how improving the design of a particular device result in its simplification – without affecting the concerned device’s functional integrity.

As Balazs and Brown (2000) argued, “The design simplification problem is the problem of finding another design that has the same function as the original design and its complexity is less than that of the original design” (p. 2).

Therefore, it will only be logical, on my part, to suggest that the improved design of a wristwatch should feature the absence of minute and second hands. This is because, as it can be seen in the picture below, a thoroughly effective timekeeping can be well accomplished with only one hand.

There may be only two objections to this particular method of a timekeeping – the fact that the majority of watch-wearers will find it hard to adjust to it, and that this method is not being just as accurate, as the conventional one. These objections, however, can be successfully addressed.

First, once people realize the advantages of tracking time with only one hand, such as the absence of a ‘time pressure’, for example, they will be willing to switch to it.

The sheer swiftness, with which people switched from riding three-wheeled bicycles to riding two-wheeled ones, during the course of the early 20th century, validates the legitimacy of this statement.

Second, the realities of a post-industrial living suggest that wristwatches no longer need to be capable of indicating the passage of short periods of time (e.g. minutes and seconds). This is because, as of today, the notion of a ‘time-efficiency’ has been deprived of its original discursive significance.

The validity of this suggestion can be well illustrated in regards to the fate of Concord supersonic passenger planes, which have been declared economically unfeasible and consequently ‘retired’.

The reason why it happened is simple – even though these planes were capable of flying over the Atlantic ocean within a matter of four hours, they were not offering passengers a de facto opportunity to ‘beat the time’.

This is because, due to the safety-ensuring measures, implemented in today’s airports, the process of passengers registering for the flight and boarding the plane, takes as much as 5-7 hours.

Therefore, there are no good reasons to believe that, due to not having minute and second hands indicating the flow of time on their watches, the concerned individuals would suffer from the extent of their existential competitiveness being severely undermined.

Quite on the opposite – without being constantly reminded that the ‘time is money’ (the subtle message, conveyed by conventionally designed watches), the wearers of single-hand watches would be more likely to effectively address their mentally unhealthy anxieties, in regards to their realization of their own mortality.

c) Abandoning circularly shaped displays. As it was mentioned earlier, the circular shape of wristwatches originates out of its original designers’ assumption that the universe ‘s functioning is being essentially cyclical.

Nevertheless, along with being conceptually fallacious, this assumption has a number of the counterproductive effects on its affiliates. The foremost of them is the fact that, while wearing conventionally designed wristwatches, people are being subtly prompted to believe that their life-experiences are bound to ‘reoccur’ periodically.

In its turn, this makes them less capable of grasping life-advancing opportunities and consequently – undermines their chances to attain a social prominence. This simply could not be otherwise, because while assuming that these opportunities come and go, people do not quite realize the social implications of their existence’s spatial limitedness.

Therefore, the discursively sound design of wristwatches must feature a rectangular display, so that the watch-wearers may be indirectly reminded of the fact that the observable emanations of the surrounding reality are being dialectically predetermined (causes define effects).

In its turn, this should provide the concerned individuals with an additional incentive to think twice, before deciding in favor of a particular course of action – hence, making them more ‘existentially fit’.

Scenario for what could be In light of the earlier outlined theoretical/discursive premises, which I believe justify the introduction of a revolutionary new design for wristwatches, the identification of resources that may be deployed, within the context of advancing this design, does not represent much of a challenge.

First, I plan to take advantage of what appears to be the foremost qualitative aspect of today’s living in Western countries – namely, an ongoing ‘de-westernization’ of public discourses.

Whereas, even as recent as a few decades ago, it used to represent a commonplace practice among Western politicians/educators to assess the reality through the perceptual lenses of euro-centrism, this has now effectively ceased to be the case.

This, of course, establishes objective prerequisites for more and more people to be willing to express their opposition to the Judeo-Christian ‘mechanistic’ worldview – especially if they happened to be ethically visible (non-White). Wearing unconventionally designed watches will come in particularly handy, in this respect.

Second, I will utilize the fact that the realities of a modern living naturally prompt many people to grow increasingly concerned with exploring their sense of self-identity.

After all, as of today, only not particularly bright individuals continue to believe that, in order for them to be considered productive individuals; they must adhere to the socially upheld conventions of a behavioral appropriateness.

This is exactly the reason why in today’s Globalized world, it is specifically the people’s strive to attain an ‘individuation’, which appears to affect their purchasing choices to an ever increased extent.

Therefore, while being exposed to wristwatches, designed in accordance with the earlier outlined design-guidelines, the ‘individuation’-seeking potential buyers should be naturally prompted to find them aesthetically appealing.

The rising popularity of those watch-making companies that specialize in manufacturing unconventionally designed wristwatches, such as MB

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The Future of Family Planning and Fertility in Iran Research Paper a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Literature review

The case of Iran

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction One of the post-modernity’s main aspects is that fact that, as of today, the growth of the human population has attained a clearly defined exponential momentum. This raises certain concerns about whether the human civilisation will be able to maintain its resource-related sustainability in the future.

After all, unlike what it happened to be the case with ‘human resources’, the natural ones are not self-renewable, which in turn implies that, despite its politically incorrect sounding, the notion of overpopulation is indeed legitimate. What also adds to the sheer acuteness of the earlier mentioned issue is that there are no universally accepted discursive explanations as to what can be considered the actual causes of the exponentially defined process, concerned with the planet population’s continuial growth.

Moreover, there are no thoroughly comprehensive explanations as to the fact that there are a number of unmistakably phenomenological overtones to the issue at stake. The main of them is that some countries, formerly associated with the skyrocketing birth rate among their citizens, were nevertheless able to reduce this rate by 60% within the matter of a decade (Cohen 161). In this respect, Iran stands out as the perfect example.

However, there is a good reason to believe that, contrary to what it is being commonly assumed, there is nothing ‘mysterious’ about the ongoing ‘demographic boom’, on the one hand, and the fact that this process appears to be thoroughly manageable, on the other. In this paper, I will explore the validity of the above suggested at length.

There will be two consequential phases to how I intend to address the task: a) outlining the most relevant theoretical approaches to tackling the issue of high/low fertility, b) utilizing the obtained insights, in order to come up with the suggestions, as to the discourse-related implications of the current demographic situation in Iran.

Literature review As of today, the most commonly deployed approaches towards dealing with the fertility-related issues can be generalised as ‘neo-Malthusian’, ‘phenomenological’ and ‘neo-Marxian’. The origins of the first of these approaches date back to the late 18th century, when Thomas Malthus published his famous Essay on the Principle of Population.

In this essay, Malthus promoted the idea that whereas the accumulation of a ‘surplus product’ increases in the mathematical progression to the flow of time, the simultaneous growth of the population, which makes the production of this product possible, occurs on an essentially geometrical (exponential) basis. As he pointed out: “The only true criterion of a real and permanent increase in the population of any country is the increase of the means of subsistence…

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There must be periods when population increases permanently, without an increase in the means of subsistence” (Malthus 41). What it means is that people’s enthusiasm in ‘baby-making’ is a strongly counterproductive category as the more populous a particular society happened to be, the higher are the changes for it to collapse due to overpopulation.

There is one more implication to this Malthusian suggestion: the assumption that it remains well within the range of just about every government’s executive authority to exercise a control over the demographic dynamics within the concerned society (Yew 52).

Malthus was able to illustrate the validity of the earlier mentioned idea mathematically, therefore there is nothing odd about the fact that throughout the first part of the 20th century the Malthusian outlook on the humanity’s grim future (due to overpopulation) used to be shared by many prominent intellectuals/social activists of the time. In this respect, we can well mention the name of Margaret Sanger – one of the early proponents of birth control and eugenics as the instruments of ensuring a high biological quality of a nation.

According to Sanger, the birth-control policies, enacted by the government, cannot be solely concerned with addressing the dangers of overpopulation. Rather, they should reflect the fact that after having realised themselves in the position to exercise a rationale-fueled control over their destiny, as the representatives of Homo Sapiens species, people are now thoroughly capable of applying a conscious effort into increasing the extent of their evolutionary fitness: “We must first free our bodies from disease and predisposition to disease.

We must perfect these bodies and make them fine instruments of the mind and the spirit” (Sanger 270). Nevertheless, the Germany’s defeat in 1945 has effectively ended the popularity of Sanger’s idea in this respect. The reason for this is that ever since the end of the WW2, the very concept of eugenics had become strongly associated with the notion of ‘Nazism’.

As time went on, more and more Western sociologists were becoming increasingly aware of the fact that there is a link between the rate of fertility, exhibited by a particular society, and the measure of this society’s socio-cultural advancement. Such awareness on their part became the conceptual premise, upon which the proponents of neo-Malthusianism base their view on what accounts for the actual significance of what happened to be the spatially localized rate of people’s self-reproduction.

This premise is concerned with the assumption that unlike what it happened to be the case with people who reside in large cities, the well-being of rural dwellers overwhelmingly depends on how successful they are while tending crops. Hence, the explanation to the phenomenon of the rurally-based people’s high fertility: by conceiving as many babies, as possible, these people simply try to survive physically, as even young children can be well turned into the agricultural helpers.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Future of Family Planning and Fertility in Iran specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In its turn, this implies that the rate, with which people go about ‘making babies’, is consistent with these people’s place on the hierarchical ladder of evolution. The more complex a particular society happened to be, the fewer are there the objective preconditions for the society’s members to preoccupy themselves with procreation.

What is being rarely mentioned in this respect is that in the technologically advanced Western societies, the Darwinian laws of natural selection no longer work, which in turn sets these societies on the path of degradation and extinction. The currently endorsed Western policy of encouraging mentally inadequate citizens to ‘celebrate uniqueness’, even at the expense of allowing them to pass their defective genes to the representatives of next generations, illustrates the validity of the earlier suggestion perfectly well.

Partially, the above-mentioned provides us with the insight into the causes of the recent rise of neo-Malthusianism (commonly associated with the name of Paul Ehrlich – the author of The Population Bomb) – a theory that forecasts the eventual collapse of the human civilisation due the effects of overpopulation (Ehrlich 130).

The reason for this is that, as the mentioned book implies, it is not the rising level of poverty (assumed to have been caused by overpopulation) among people in the Third World, which concerns Westerners the most, but rather the fact that while continuing to increase in numbers, the ‘poor and needy’ from these countries will begin to pose an acute danger to the Western civilisation’s continual well-being.

The full soundness of this statement can be well illustrated in regards to the fact that, for example, within the matter of the last sixty years, the population of Ethiopia has tripled, despite the fact that throughout this time Ethiopians continued to suffer from the never-ending civil war and famine.

On the other hand, it is not only that, throughout the course of recent decades, the rate of the White people’s fertility has been reduced down to its all-time minimum, but they have also grown increasingly incapable of addressing even the most basic challenges of life (McArdle 35).

Nevertheless, the apparent biasness of the neo-Malthusian (positivist) assumption that the less there are children ‘per woman’, the better, and that the more there are children in a particular family, the greater is the measure of this family’s technological/cultural backwardness, can also be shown in regards to a number of the assumption’s methodological inconsistencies. For example, there appears to be very little rationale in associating the high rate of fertility with the high rate of illiteracy.

As Motavalli noted: “Education usually does produce smaller families, but there are exceptions. Tanzania had achieved 90 percent female literacy by the early 1990s, but parents in 2002 had an average of 5.3 children” (3). Also, there are no good reasons to believe that the strength of people’s sense of religiosity always positively relates to the strength of their taste for ‘baby making’.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Future of Family Planning and Fertility in Iran by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Even though the total rate of fertility (TRF) among religious women in the Second and Third World countries has always been much higher, as compared to the TRF among the perceptually secularized females in the West, as time goes on, there appears to be more and more exemptions from this rule.

The most striking of them is concerned with the phenomenon of the annual birth rate in Iran having been reduced rather drastically throughout the course of the recent decade and a half, despite the fact that just as it was the case fifteen years ago, the Iranian society continues to remain strongly religious (Vahidnia 260).

This explains why it is namely the ‘phenomenological’ outlook on the significance of the fertility rate in a particular society, which nowadays affects the dynamics of the ongoing fertility-related public discourse to an ever-higher degree. According to the advocates of a ‘phenomenological’ sociology, it is utterly inappropriate to refer to the TRF in a particular region of the world as being reflective of the concerned people’s socio-cultural development alone.

For example, according to Bongaarts and Watkins, the essence of the fertility-dynamics in the society cannot be discussed outside of what accounts for the phenomenological subtleties of how the society’s members socialise with each other. As the authors pointed out: “Development alone is insufficient to account for the observed variations in the timing of the onset of transitions (in fertility)…

Before the transition onset, social interaction can inhibit fertility change” (Bongaarts and Watkins 669). Nevertheless, just as it happened to be the case with neo-Malthusians, ‘phenomenologists’ tend to regard the notion of high fertility in largely negative terms.

This stance, is being challenged by the so-called ‘neo-Marxian’ sociologists, who believe that it is namely the workings of the greed-fueled ‘free market’ economy, which legitimise the idea that there can be no ‘room under the Sun’ for all on this planet. According to these sociologists, it is in the very nature of Capitalism (as an economic system that goes about optimizing its functioning by means of reducing the affiliated operational costs) to seek out the ways to have as few people employed, as possible (Malakoff 545).

What it means is that if the Capitalist society continues to function ‘unattended’, it becomes only the matter of time before it begins to exhibit the signs of being demographically stagnant. After all, there is simply no other way for such a society to be able to maintain the adequate standards of living among the citizens, other than by means of preventing them from being able to reproduce in sufficient numbers.

This explains the actual origins of the process of Western societies growing progressively ‘aged’ (Herrmann 28). This is also the reason why the main challenge of Capitalism has always been the overabundance of workers, whereas the Socialism’s main problem has been the permanent shortage of the available workforce.

The above-mentioned suggests that the ‘problem of overpopulation’ cannot be referred to as being thoroughly objective, as it is only Capitalism that creates the situation when, as time goes on, more and more people realize that they represent the world’s ‘human burden’, regardless of the rate of these people’s fertility (Von Eschen 420).

The earlier provided theoretical considerations as to what can be deemed the actual forces behind the fluctuations of the TFR in a particular country should prove rather enlightening within the context of discussing the specifics of the demographic situation in Iran.

The case of Iran Probably the main feature of the modern history of Iran is the fact that through the years of 1986-1996, the country’s population of 60 million was enlarged by 10 million, hence, becoming to account for 70 million ‘strong’ by the beginning of 1997. In its turn, this implies that the total rate of fertility in Iran throughout the mentioned period was 6 births per woman. However, during the course of the next decade (1996-2006), the Iranian TRF was reduced down to 2.8 births per woman.

Moreover, as time goes on, the total rate of fertility in this country continues to decline rather rapidly: “The own-children estimates of fertility for Iran based on the 2000 Iran Demographic and Health Survey show that the TFR has declined further and reached replacement level (2.26) during the period 1998-2000.

The figure for the year 2000 is 2.17” (Abbasi-Shavazi 425). The main reason behind the earlier mentioned reduction of the TFR in Iran was the fact that ever since 1985, the government started to implement the policy of ‘family planning’, the main objective of which was to slow down the uncontrollable growth of the country’s population. The following is the list of the main factors that contributed towards this particular policy, on the part of the Iranian government, proving itself utterly effective:

a) Ever since the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the Iranian government never ceased to invest rather heavily in providing the educational opportunities for as many citizens as possible. In this respect, the emphasis was placed on educating women.

In its turn, the increased rate of literacy among Iranian women resulted in the latter becoming secularised to an extent, hence, providing the additional incentives for these women to choose in favor of ‘family planning’. This confirms the validity of the earlier mentioned neo-Malthusian assumption that the rate of people’s literacy positively relates to the extent of their educational accomplishments.

b) The country’s top-ranking clergyman thoroughly supported the government’s fertility-reducing effort. In 1980, Ayatollah Khomeini declared that the use of contraceptives on the part of Iranian citizens is fully consistent with the main theological provisions of Islam.

This, aided the mentioned governmental effort rather substantially, because of the Khomeini’s approval of contraceptives, even the country’s utterly religious citizens were growing emotionally comfortable with the idea of exercising caution, while indulging in the sexual socialisation with each other. There are clearly defined ‘phenomenological’ undertones to it, as the example of Iran indicates, there can be no good reason in believing that the Church always acts as the fertility’s main agent.

c) The implementation of the earlier mentioned fertility-reducing initiative on the part of the Iranian government proceeded hand in hand with the process of the country’s continuous urbanization. It has been estimated that by the year 1996, 60% of the country’s population consisted of urbanites (Abbasi-Shavazi 430).

This established the additional preconditions for the governmental initiative to succeed. After all, as it was pointed out earlier, there are no objective reasons for city dwellers to consider ‘baby-making’ an activity that is crucial to ensuring their very survival, in the physical sense of this word.

d) Through the years 1985-1996, the Iranian economy sustained a number of setbacks. In its turn, this naturally caused the country’s sexually productive citizens to experience a certain psychological anxiety related to the prospect of not being able to secure a well-paid job on their part. Consequently, the rate of reproduction among these people has declined rather dramatically.

In light of the above-mentioned, we can come with suggestions as to what predetermined the essence of the Iranian demographic policies in the recent past, and also as to what will account for the country’s demographic dynamics in the future.

First, the sheer successfulness of the implementation of the ‘family planning’ policy in Iran has been largely predetermined by the essentially authoritarian paradigm of a political rulership in this country. The reason for this is apparent as after having decided to proceed with enacting this policy, the Iranian governmental officials continued to exercise a full control over every consequential phase of the policy’s implementation.

Second, the foremost reason for the Iranian government to choose in favor of implementing the earlier mentioned policy was that, despite being strongly committed to the traditional values of Islam, the Iranian society continues to remain essentially Capitalist. This explains why in the time of peace the Iranian policymakers tend to regard the prospect of the country’s population continuing to boom in terms of a ‘problem’, rather than in terms of an ‘economic asset’.

Third, contrary to what it is being assumed in the West, Iran is not preparing actively for war with America and its allies in the region. Had this been otherwise, the country would have pursued with implementing the aggressive pro-natalist policy, just as it was the case during the course of the Iran–Iraq War (Goldstone 5).

The popularity of the anti-natalist sentiment in today’s Iran can also be explained by the fact that, as time goes on, this country grows increasingly secularised, which reduces the chances for the outbreak of yet another Persian War even further.

Finally, if the current ‘family planning’ policy in Iran remains enacted, in about 20 years from now the country’s economy will face the acute challenge of having to sustain the existence of the exponentially proliferating population of senior citizens.

This challenge will prove especially serious, given the fact that at this time the number of fully employed young Iranians will be severely undercut, as a direct result of the currently implemented ‘family planning’ policy. This implies that in order for Iran to be able to maintain its economic sustainability as an independent country, it will need to put away with the concerned anti-natalist policy.

Conclusion The earlier provided line of argumentation as to what accounts for the qualitative essence of the ‘neo-Malthusian’, ‘phenomenological’ and ‘neo-Marxian’ approaches to fertility-management and as to what can be considered as the discursive significance of the currently enacted ‘family planning’ policy in Iran, appears thoroughly consistent with the paper’s initial thesis.

Apparently, there can be indeed a very little rationale in believing that the notion of ‘fertility’ is thoroughly objective and that, as such, it is not being affected by the currently predominant socio-cultural discourse. The deployed arguments also imply that the most effective instrument of addressing the problem of overpopulation would be concerned with overthrowing Capitalism on a global scale and with adopting the Socialist methods of managing the population/economy.

Works Cited Abbasi-Shavazi, Mohammad. Recent Changes and the Future of Fertility in Iran. 2007. Web.

Bongaarts, John and Susan Watkins. “Social Interactions and Contemporary Fertility Transitions.” Population and Development Review 22.4. (1996): 639-682. Print.

Cohen, Joel. “Population and Climate Change.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 154.2 (2010): 158-182. Print.

Ehrlich, Paul. The Population Bomb. New York: Ballantine Books, 1971. Print.

Goldstone, Jack. “Population and Security: How Demographic Change Can Lead to Violent Conflict.” Journal of International Affairs 56.1 (2002): 4-22. Print.

Herrmann, Michael. “Population Aging and Economic Development: Anxietiesand Policy Responses.” Population Ageing 5 (2012): 23–46. Print.

Malakoff, David. “Are More People Necessarily a Problem?” Science 333.6042 (2011): 544-546. Print.

Malthus, Thomas. An Essay of the Principle of Population. 1798. PDF file. Web.

McArdle, Megan. “Europe’s Real Crisis.” The Atlantic Monthly 309.3 (2012): 32-35. Print.

Motavalli, Jim. The Numbers Game. 2003. Web.

Sanger, Margaret. The Pivot of Civilization. New York: Brentano’s, 1922. Print.

Vahidnia, Farnaz. “Case Study: Fertility Decline in Iran.” Population

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Fleet Sheet Company Case Study essay help: essay help

Abstract This paper is a case study for Fleet Sheet Company (a Czech-based company). The paper highlights the potential challenges of operating the business in a transition economy and the possible strategies for overcoming these challenges. Similarly, through a SWOT analysis, this paper analyses the company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

Through this analysis, this paper proposes the adoption of diversification, joint venture, and product differentiation strategies for overcoming the company’s threats and weaknesses. The transformation of the business from a small enterprise to an international business outlines a key argument for the advancement of these strategies.

Introduction This paper is a case study of Fleet Sheet Company. The company publishes selected business articles for foreign-based companies in the Czech Republic. This case study comprises of four parts that outline four distinct issues facing Fleet Sheet Company.

They include how to overcome the challenges of operating in a transition economy, how to use the company’s key competencies to achieve international business success, the identification of the right strategies for international business, and how to align the business to exploit the benefits of international entrepreneurship. This paper analyses these issues sequentially as outlined below.

Potential difficulties of starting a business in a transition economy Starting a business in a transition economy poses serious challenges to entrepreneurs like Erik Best (Fleet Sheet’s founder). Because Czech Republic was a transition economy, it posed significant challenges to new businesses, such as Fleet Sheet. One such challenge was the lack of entrepreneurial skills among the people (Maciejewski, 2002).

Coming from a background of socialism, many people did not have the experiences of starting, or managing, new businesses in a transition economy. This challenge made it difficult for new entrepreneurs to share ideas with other people who may have similar ambitions. This situation forced entrepreneurs to try new businesses without proper research and support from a business savvy standpoint.

This challenge further spread to the recruitment of new employees because companies like Fleet Sheet lacked skilled human capital (Maciejewski, 2002). Indeed, from the lack of an entrepreneurial spirit in transition economies, entrepreneurs, such as Erik Best, suffer from the lack of skilled employees to run their businesses (Cullen, 2011). Therefore, sometimes, they recruit incompetent employees who may mismanage the business.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unfortunately, the lack of adequate entrepreneurial skills in a transition economy cannot be resolved in the short-term. Ideally, people need to learn entrepreneurial skills in schools and apply the same skills in the business environment to solve this problem (Maciejewski, 2002). Nonetheless, as a short-term measure, small business owners, like Erik Best, could employ people from other economies to support their business growth (Maciejewski, 2002). This measure could however be costly for such businesses.

The lack of a sophisticated legal system to support small and growing businesses is also another challenge associated with transition economies. Erik highlighted this challenge as one problem facing Fleet Sheet Company (Cullen, 2011). He said government bureaucracy inhibited the company’s potential to distribute its products (Cullen, 2011).

Small businesses can confront this challenge through lobbying to increase government sensitization about the need to have a supportive legislative environment for small businesses (Maciejewski, 2002). Legislators therefore need to understand the importance of having this supportive environment by equally understanding how the lack of a sophisticated legal system prevents the growth of small businesses.

SWOT Analysis This SWOT analysis examines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the Fleet Sheet Company.

Strengths

A key strength of the Fleet Sheet Company is its pricing strategy. The company offers an affordable and flexible pricing framework that encompasses all types of customers. As explained in the company’s pricing framework, the company charges $0.5 (minimum) and $4 (maximum) per day for its publications (Cullen, 2011). This pricing strategy means that all types of customers can afford the company’s products.

The provision of quality publications is also a key success factor for Fleet Sheet Company because it differentiates it from its competitors. In fact, the company’s main customers are loyal to the company because of its high quality publications (Cullen, 2011). Coupled with the fact that most of these articles are written in English, Fleet Sheet appeals to a niche market of multinational companies that pay a premium for its products.

Weaknesses

Fleet Sheet’s structure as a small company is its greatest weakness. From the lack of a “grand” strategy for growth, there is little room for expanding the company into a big enterprise. This situation stifles the company’s growth.

We will write a custom Case Study on Fleet Sheet Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Opportunities

Fleet Sheet’s opportunities exist in the virtual space. Unexplored potential exists in the company’s entry into the technological world. The introduction of a company website was the first step to exploiting this potential (Cullen, 2011).

However, the company could further exploit the same potential by using feedback from the company’s website to improve its products (Aswathappa, 2010). Furthermore, the company could use the website to market the company’s products to new markets. This strategy would improve the efficacy of the company’s marketing strategy (Aswathappa, 2010).

Threats

Competition is Fleet Sheet’s main threat. About seven new companies compete with Fleet Sheet by offering similar products (Cullen, 2011). The growth of such competition means that the company’s market share would decline.

The spread of the internet and the availability of alternative information also threaten the company’s sustainability (Cullen, 2011). Particularly, the availability of alternative information (published in English) threatens the company’s product strategy because Fleet Sheet thrives on the fact that it offers translated information to its English-speaking customers.

Three strategic moves for Erik Best to consider Joint Ventures/Mergers

Fleet Sheet should pursue a joint venture, or a merger, strategy to reduce the threat of growing competition (and expand its markets at the same time) (Aswathappa, 2010). Although these strategies may be complex and time-consuming, they would help to reduce competition. For example, a merger with one competitor (preferably the biggest competitor) would reduce the competition in the domestic market and leave little room for other rival companies to succeed (Aswathappa, 2010).

Through this strategy, the company would enjoy economies of scale and make it difficult for its competition to match its dominance (Grubb

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Semantics Coursework online essay help: online essay help

Semantics definition Semantics is a literary field that studies meaning of signs, symbols, words, and phrases and how they are used in linguistics. It is a wide field of study which has two main branches: lexical semantics, which focuses on the meaning of words and their relations when used together, and logical semantics, which is concerned with references, sense, implication and presupposition.

Semantic properties refer to the parts of linguistic units that give its elements meaning of words or phrases. The property deals with the other meanings associated with the part, or any ambiguity resulting from the relation of the words in the phrase.

Semantics is essential since it determines how language users acquire a sense of meaning for different linguistic elements. It also determines how users understand the change in language over time, also referred to as semantic shift, and how languages are utilized in any social context. A group of words or a phrase that has been used to refer to the same object or concept is called a semantic field or a semantic domain, and gives meaning to a word in relation to the other phrases used together with the word.

Semantics feature analysis is a teaching technique that uses a grid to determine how a set of objects are related. This technique is the most effective in teaching kids by letting them analyze and complete the grids. This technique also enhances vocabulary and comprehension process in learning and the students are able to learn concepts while making connections.

Denotative meaning of a word is the cognitive or reference meaning that describes the central meaning associated with the word and can also change over time. Connotation is the effect the word has on someone which can either be personal or emotional. It is the basis of approved denotation, that is, a popular connotation is made a denotation that is standard over a given period of time.

The relationship between semantic development and reading and writing skills is centered on the use of words to communicate. Age is a crucial factor that determines the development of reading and writing skills. First, we note that at a young age children first seek to understand before learning to use the words or a language.

The word “Dear” The word “dear” is a noun whose synonym is “precious”. The most important semantic property for this word is the rate at which its connotations surpass its denotation. The word means something that is costly or treasured. Some of its connotation meanings are either girlfriend or boyfriend and its use is especially common for people in a relationship.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Vocabulary instruction Vocabulary instruction is a vital teaching technique that teaches students to read and improve their knowledge. It encompasses comprehension, fluency, word study and phonemic awareness. The understanding of how important vocabulary is to the learning process allows students to be knowledgeable about their background and enable them to have better comprehension in and out of class.

Common core standard tests have relatively detrimental impacts on vocabulary instruction, such as limited knowledge of English due to the limited exposure time provided to students as a result of studying for examinations and no broad understanding of the extensive impact of one’s vocabulary on their comprehension skills. Tests do not encourage students to explore more outside what they learn in class and worse still standard tests do not really consider the challenges of learners with disabilities.

One way of teaching vocabulary directly is by creating a word rich environment using word walls, reading a room, word jars, word books and vocabulary rings. This will enhance the ability of students to learn and retain this knowledge. Games such as boggle, Pictionary and scrabble can also be used to foster independent vocabulary learning due to their easiness to learn and remember yet at the same time they are still fun activities.

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Impact of Power on Organizational Culture Research Paper cheap essay help

Introduction Heneman (2007) describes the traditions of a group or organization as the model of shared fundamental statements the grouping acquires as it works out its dilemma of external adjustment and internal dealings, which are good enough to be adapted and entrenched as the blueprint and accepted means of socialization within an organization.

Heneman (2007) also asserts that organizational learning, development, and premeditated change cannot be comprehended devoid of acknowledging culture as the prime cause of opposition to change. If leaders are not conscious of the culture in which they are set in, those cultures will control them. Cultural consideration is not only advantageous, but it is essential for leaders if they are to manage effectively.

Organizational Culture Organizational culture is increasingly growing in popularity and is an enticing element to organizational change. For this reason, managers find a pressing need for methods by which culture and culture change can be systematically and reliably evaluated.

The key ranks by which culture manifests itself is rather basic and looks for demonstrations of underlying theories in regard to an organization’s co-relation to its surroundings, authenticity and accuracy, and the character of people in general.

Tannenbaum and Schmidt Model of Leadership Organizational customs subsist concurrently on three levels; artifacts are at the surface, followed by values and at the nucleus are the fundamental assumptions. Assumptions stand for taken-for-granted viewpoints concerning reality and human character.

Culture thrives through societal interaction, the network of communications that make up a group of people or society. Here, a common language is predominantly important in articulating and signifying a distinct organizational way of life.

Teamwork and Communication Margerison and McCann (1995) define a team as a group of people carrying out work collectively. Success in the work done is achieved if a good team is chosen. In course of executing duty, the individual members of a group that forms a team should have a common goal towards success.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The qualities of a good team are capable, intelligent, communicative individual with a clear understanding of the problem at hand would like to cooperate in order to solve the problem as a team. The team should achieve the intended goal as a team and not as individual members of the team. According to Levy (2005), this is the right path to success.

There is a connection between teamwork and looking for ideas such as problems and conflict solving ideas. These factors are interconnected and dependent on each other and therefore cannot be separated. In this regard, communication and cooperation are common and present everywhere.

Ideas in the teamwork: every member in the team is important. Ideas in the teamwork involve the collection of ideas from the team members in order to achieve the group goal. Ideas can be collected in the team through brainstorming sessions where participants state their ideas as they are noted down.

Teamwork and conflict resolution: teamwork is an effective means of solving conflicts in an organization. The conflict or problem at hand can be subjected to the views of the participants whose solutions to the problem differ. Conflicts are many and may arise from the steps towards achieving of the given a group goal or the members in the team can disagree on the goal itself.

There is no necessity of the team to solve the problems to be performed by a group of individuals. However, the synchronization of individuals, mutual adaptation and co-operation are necessary for solving problems. In addition, the main goal of teamwork is to solve problems. The diversity of the group members means that there are many different opinions concerning the solutions to the problems as the individuals.

In order to arrive at the best solution, the team settles of the optimal solution to the problem at hand (Mohrman et al., 1995). Conflicts regarding the given solution to the problem are important because it enable the team to come up with a better solution. A never-ending circle in the diagram means that whenever the group is trying to solve the problem, other problems come up.

For an optimal solution to be reached, the group should let go the conflicts and arrive at optimal solution to the problem. Solving problems: this involves ideas that can solve a problem. The solution on the problem is obtained from the ideas obtained from the participants. For the success of teamwork, mutual-cooperation and communication among team members is very important.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Impact of Power on Organizational Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For participants to adjust, they need to communicate and cooperate. Without communication and mutual cooperation, teamwork is unsuccessful. The communication used in teamwork can be either verbal or non-verbal. Through teamwork, the management of an organization can establish the goals of the organization regarding specific aspects with the help of teamwork.

Stevens and Campion (1994) add that effective teamwork can be achieved through motivation of the participants. Successful teamwork leads to quality work and better organizational operations with increased success at all levels of the organization (Linden, 2002).

Recognition This is an important part of the success of a team. The team members usually search for recognition. An organization should positively recognize the members of the various teams in the department. Positive recognition entails recognizing outstanding performance, continued performance, and improved performance.

Positive Feedback The results of a team are measured against the feedback received. Therefore, without feedback, the team is unable to measure the results of its efforts. With no feedback, confusion will characterize the activities of a team and make them miss their expectations as they produce so many disappointments.

The growth of a team depends on the frequency of feedback concerning the performance of the team. Feedback should be provided on a regular basis. In addition to the above, there is also the provision of opportunities for employees.

Espoused Values The values an organization upholds can be viewed as its deliberate strategies, aspirations, and philosophies that have intrinsic significance. Organizational groups are glued by evaluative factors entailing social prospects, and standards or the ideals and beliefs that keep people as one.

The leadership strategies adopted by managers in practice tend to lie in between the autocratic and the democratic styles are extremes. The two contingency theorists Schmidt and warren put forward a leadership style that tends to vary along a given continuum.

Depending on the situation at hand hospital management may shift from the autocratic extreme by allowing their respective teams to participate and involve in the decision making process. They can make decisions on issues related to workplace violence even when they are victims. Under this leadership model, the balance between autocracy and democracy is determined forces in the leader, forces in the situation and forces in the follower.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Impact of Power on Organizational Culture by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, an employee who is a follower may be affected negatively by aggression at the workplace; the management must take stern measures against the perpetrators to avoid the recurrence of the same within the team. Access to support has been identified as an important strategy for coping with workplace violence.

Management support has a direct or moderating effect on psychological distress that occurs under different circumstances. Despite this noble role, hospital management often fails to provide the needed support to the employees who have fallen victim to workplace aggression.

The managers need to receive comprehensive training directed toward supporting staff in an organization. Such formal organization-wide support may curtail or at least minimize a decrease in the employees perceived professional competence.

The provision of management support to employees who have been victims of aggression will be translated in the form of increased quality of patient care. In most cases, the employees’ managers who may have been victims of aggression in the past may lack the necessary expertise to support and manage employees who suffer occupational violence.

Impact of Power on a Firm’s Culture In one of the few studies conducted in to establish the effect of power on the process of decision making and establishment of a good organizational culture, it was found that participative practices are significant predicators of effective utilization of competence. Power distance affects leadership that in turn affects other aspects of culture in an organization such as sharing of information, making decisions that have far reaching outcomes and satisfaction of employees in their working environment and jobs.

Therefore, these factors should be considered strongly in establishing a strong working culture of any given corporation. Moreover, in another study conducted by Riad (2005), all three components of justice components closely related to power in organizations had an impact on satisfaction. The study analyzed the impact of organizational justice on self assessed performance and job satisfaction of employees in a work environment.

In a 2009 study by Bakhshi, a better working environment, which is a major component of the culture of an organization, was found to be positively related to both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. There is significance in perceived fair treatment as a predictor of the level of job satisfaction for employees.

Moreover, employees place a greater importance on being treated well interpersonally by decision makers than on formal procedures. Riad (2005) further argues that employees in organizations are likely to be less satisfied with unfair perceived outcomes than fair perceived ones and that these issues result in their poor performance.

The level of unfairness is measured by employees on how much they receive as compared to other employees in similar positions in other organizations. Unfairness in workplace results in lack of job satisfaction, lack of commitment of employees to the organization leading to overall poor employee performance.

Impact of Power on an Organization’s Employee Motivation Strategies

Managing employees’ performance is essential in facilitating modern organizations’ effectiveness in business. An effective performance management system therefore should work towards improving the overall performance of corporations. May and Grubbs (2006) noted that this occurs through managing individuals and teams performance to allow the company to attain its business goals/objectives and ambitions.

This is applicable in firms where power distance is small since the management can easily communicate and interact with employees. An efficient performance management system can be established by such management with the system playing these roles:

Ensuring that the staffs/employees understand the significance of their contributions to the company’s objectives and goals

Ensuring all employees understand the company’s expectations from them while also ascertaining whether the staffs access the required support and have the relevant skills in fulfilling the company’s expectations

Ensuring effective linking and aligning of the company’s objectives while also facilitating efficient communication across the company

Facilitating harmonious and cordial relationship between the employees and their line managers on the basis of trust and empowerment

An effective performance management system should have proper planning of the work and setting of expectations, continually monitor the employees’ performance, develop the employees’ capacity to perform, periodically rate the staff performance and reward the good performers (Lanza, Zeiss

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Globalization and Its Implications Term Paper college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents Major Themes

Methods of Inquiry

Key Findings and Conclusions

Personal Assessment

References

Globalization means a lot to international corporate organizations and governments across the world, particularly when it comes to governance and public administration. The different forms of globalization define the numerous challenges facing corporate organizations and the civil administrative institutions of many countries.

Here, note that globalization plays the role of shaping the current trends in the global economic markets and the increasing interactions among nations and people from different parts of the world. On the other hand, the new forms of interactions among nations imply that the contemporary governments must assume new roles and functions, and thus, globalization impacts governance and public administration in different ways.

Several research studies have examined and documented the implications of globalization on the type of governance being practiced by different governments and international corporate organizations such as the World Bank and the United Nations (Abonyi

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Analysis of Love Canal Environmental Disaster Research Paper essay help site:edu

The Love Canal was intended to connect upper and lower Niagara River; the novel 1892 project to harness electrical power production, however failed midway when the economic went into depression.

Eventually, the local municipal bought it as a waste disposal area and high on the client disposal list was Hooker Chemical Corporation, which later sold for $1 it to the Board of Education.

Hooker slightly warned of the dangers of the site absolving itself from any responsibility; failing to mention the dangers were twenty thousand tons of toxic waste. Yet unknowingly, the board of education built a school and people settled in the area, by 1978, it had above 700 homes.

Of interest in regards to the Love Canal, is the blatant disregard of environmental reports by the city even when a study was undertook.

The consultant in their report, found high levels of chemical waste, recommending the drastic changes to the canal to protect residents. In total disregard, the city undertook minor improvements to remedy the situation. ( History of love canal)

Secondly, Community action to protect the environment and themselves from the effect of ignorance of best practices of environmental management practices is a worthy attribute. The establishment of the Love Canal Homeowners’ Association in 1978 was to push for the community’s say in the area’s chemical scandal.

It had far-reaching consequences, which the city did not acknowledge, such as in children birth deformities, and high level of stillbirths and miscarriages in the area. (Gibbs, L. M., 1998)

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A thought emanating from this topic worth mentioning is the necessity to undertake environmental assessments such as project environmental impact assessment. In Novel Canal, it took more than 40 years experience negative effects of the disposal site. (Brayan, N., 2003)

Research paper Outline Introduction

Research effect of environmental disasters on human reproductive health

Topic sentences

Research environmental disasters impact on child birth deformities Does the environment, especially environmental disturbances affect women’s wombs?

Furthermore, what is its effect on childbirth?

Research environmental disasters effect on inherited traits Describe effect of environmental disasters on the human genetic construct.

In cases where an environmental disaster had an impact on successive generations, is it viable to pursue it in court under environmental law.

Research environmental disaster effect on male reproductive health Through use of environmental case studies, can environmental disasters affect male sperm health

Discuss bias in claim child defects are due to effect of environmental disaster on women. Can men join a environmental suit in using this argument.

Research government steps to protect reproductive health. Is the environment considered?

Environmental assessment reconsideration in reproductive health.

Conclusion The research topic undertaken should show a clear relationship between maternal health and the environment.

References Brayan, N., (2003), love canal: pollution crisis (environmental disasters), Gareth Stevens Pub publishers

Gibbs, L. M., (1998). Love Canal: The Story Continues, 20 Anniversary edition, New Society Publishers. History of love canal. Web.

Lessons from love canal project, A Public Health Resource. Web.

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Risk Management: Barclays Bank Evaluation Essay essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Current Risk Management Process

Risk identify

Risk Response

Risk Monitoring and Control

Risk Management Issues

List of References

Introduction Risk management involves identifying and assessing the risk factors with intention to minimize their impact in the organization. There are risks that can be controlled and those that cannot. The role of a manager will be to develop a strategic plan for the risks both internal and external risks.

Barclays bank is a world leading financial service provider that has its branches in 50 countries worldwide and employs about 147,500 people. The bank deals inn variety of financial products and service ranging from corporate banking to mortgage services. Barclays bank is listed on the London stock exchange as a public company that complies with the UK combined code on corporate governance (Gorrod, 2004).

Barclays bank has a clear risk management strategy whose objective include

Identifying the bank significant risks

Ensure business growth is supported by conclusive risk management structure

Establishing strong and independent review on risk management policies

Enable management and executive group control and coordinating of risk responsibility in the bank

Communicating risk management policies within the bank

The bank group risk management policies have remained unchanged since 2009 when it was last reviewed. The responsibility of risk management in Barclays bank group is mandated to all levels of management within the group starting from the top management and executive committee to each unit managers and risk managers. Barclays bank has a risk oversight committee that is responsible for reviewing and formulating the risk strategy in the organization (Barclays Bank, 2010).

In management of risk, the bank employs several models and approaches in dealing with uncertainty. This models range in their application. They can be used in decisions concerning credit determination, pricing, and portfolio management, risk assessment regulatory capital calculation. This types of strategy covers credit, market, and operational risk (Hallenbeck, 1986).

The bank uses the following models in analyzing risks factors in their operating environment. These models of estimation include probability of default (PD), exposure at default (EAD) and loss given default (LGD).To minimize the risks factors, the bank developed a group model risk policy (GMRP) that is reviewed annually and is managed by the independent group risk function.

The group risk policy minimizes the potential for risk by setting minimum standards for implementation and model development process. The model also sets governance policies concerned with risk management (Horne

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Program Evaluation Proposal for Schools in Ontario Evaluation Essay online essay help: online essay help

Learning setting Saint Michael Catholic High School was started in 1989 in Ontario, Canada. It has a capacity of 940 students in total and it shifted to its present location in 2004. Currently, the school provides nearly 170 courses to its students. The courses offered comprise of four key programs in:

Tourism and hospitality

Horticulture

Transportation

Construction

Strategic Goals To stop cyber bullying among the students and the community at large

To promote a positive school climate

To assist in the improvement of academic performance of students

Overview Cyber bullying denotes the self-willed and constant application of computers, mobile phones, or any other electronic communication gadgets to disturb and terrorize others. Some of the methods employed in cyber bullying include Instant messaging, electronic mails, and fake messages on web sites. Information technologies came with challenges to those who rely on them to accomplish their chores (McDavid

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An LCA Consultant Faces a Dilemma: Industrial Ecology vs. Soda Can Packaging Options Report (Assessment) college essay help online

Activity Description Being a life-cycle assessment consultant means helping industries provide the population with the goods that are one hundred percent ecologically clean. Therefore, when it comes to the decision on the soda cans packaging options, an LCA consultant’s involvement is crucial. In the case in question, it is necessary to choose the most reasonable and ecologically safe packaging option possible.

Stakeholder and His/Her Motivations As for the stakeholder, the latter is going to be represented by the clientele. In the given case, the target client is Dr. Pepper. Since the company seems to be suffering from a severe competition, according to the recent new (Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, 2012), Dr. Pepper might use a bit of product redesigning to attract more customers.

The Functional Unit Since it is necessary to evaluate the performance of the given product system, i.e., a soda can and its shelf time, it will be most reasonable to consider the volume of a soda can. In the given case, the volume is not restricted; it is important to mention, though, that the bottles over 2 l should be designed in such a way so that carrying them should be easy enough.

Geographical System Boundaries It seems that in the case of developing a soda can design, one does not need to be concerned with any spatial restrictions. Therefore, there should be no restriction concerning the geographical system.

Study’s Temporal Boundaries When developing the design of the beverage bottle, one must consider the shelf life of the soda bottle. In the given context, it is obvious that plastic does not seem as viable as, say, aluminum. However, it is important that plastic, in contrast to the aluminum can, can be re-used as a container for other types of liquid and, therefore, has longer temporal boundaries (Wald, 2012).

Study’s Conceptual Boundaries Since bottles of literally all shapes are recyclable, the key idea at the given point will be to offer the customer a can that will serve its purpose best. Therefore, the traditional bottle shape seems to be the most reasonable design decision. It is essential, however, that the buyer could use and recycle the bottle easily, which would be a problem once a bottle is shaped in an unusual way.

Choosing between a traditional round plastic bottle and a square one, one might consider the latter a better idea, since it is more stable and, therefore, more practical (Noe, 2012).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Activities Object design

This step starts with the search for the companies that will supply raw material (plastic) and ends up with the process of soda can design.

Object production

Soda cans are created, marketed and sold to the soda producing companies.

Disposal and recycling

Soda cans are collected by a recycling company and are recycled to produce more soda cans.

Capital goods In the process of soda bottles creation, such capital goods as the required equipment, the trucks to deliver raw materials, as well as the money for the promotion campaign are going to be included.

Major Flows Speaking of flaws, such issues as CO2 emissions, energy and solid waste must be mentioned. In addition, it is important to mention that it takes long for plastic to decompose (U.S. National Park Service, n. d.), which means that, if not recycled, it poses a considerable threat to the environment.

Reference List Dr. Pepper Snapple Group (2012). Web.

Noe, R. (2012). Andrew Kim’s square Coke bottle design. Web.

We will write a custom Assessment on An LCA Consultant Faces a Dilemma: Industrial Ecology vs. Soda Can Packaging Options specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More National Park Service (n. d.). Time it takes for garbage to decompose in the environment. Web.

Wald, W. (2012). Toward a greener soda can. Web.

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Russia Joins the World Trade Organization Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Why Russia sought membership

Technical obstacles to accession

Political obstacles to accession

Economic obstacles to accession

Benefits of joining the WTO

Costs of joining the WTO

Conclusion

References

Introduction Russia took 18 years to join the World Trade Organization, yet it had the largest economy outside the institution’s membership. It is imperative to understand why this process took so long in order to clarify whether those obstacles will resurface again among other bidding countries. Additionally, it is necessary to demystify why Russia wanted membership in the first place and why this desire fluctuated from time to time.

Several theorists have come up with their own explanations on why accession dragged through two decades; it is likely that elements of truth exist in each analysis. After accession, one must also anticipate what will happen to the country. Benefits of WTO membership are contingent upon certain qualities. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze Russia’s ability to maximize on this membership, so as to offer suggestions on how the country can improve in the future.

Why Russia sought membership Russia wanted to become a member in the WTO because doing so would give it influence over global economic decisions. The country’s leaders realized that membership would not solve all their problems at one glance. However, the institution would give it a platform for increasing the nation’s global presence. To a certain extent, this intention has some hidden implications. The country would gain from the prestige of being a WTO member as well as apply international norms in trade.

Furthermore, the country was interested in exposing its economy to foreign investment or competition. It knew that the external environment refrained from investing in Russia because of some perceived hindrances, like corruption. The country’s leaders felt that they would eliminate these obstacles through assistance from an international institution like the WTO (Milthorp, 2009).

Russia needed to improve its ability to deal with some of the challenges it encountered when trading with the EU. Prior to the accession, 160 billion Euros worth of oil and gas were exported to the EU. However, matters were not streamlined between these two entities. There were disagreements over energy policies in Russia and its trading EU member countries.

Additionally, difficulties concerning the poor democratic principles in this nation also affected Russia. The latter country reacted by asserting that EU members were interfering in their internal issues. Excessive tensions between Russia and such a key partner necessitated an intervention in the form of WTO. Since 2007, there was not agreement between the two countries as it had been stalled.

EU members awaited Russia’s accession in order to resume talks with them. Therefore, the WTO was perceived as a contributor to improved relations between Russia and its key trading partner. It would assist them in negotiating with such a partner. One should note that a third party was necessary because the EU had frustrated Russia on several occasions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In 2004, it persuaded Russia to enter a bilateral agreement in which it would engage in climate change alterations. The EU wanted to pursue its climate change goals but did not offer Russia something substantial in return. Therefore, Russia required a mechanism for holding this partner to account, and the WTO fit the bill.

Technical obstacles to accession One of the reasons why the accession process took almost two decades was the technical difficulty of gaining membership (Asland, 2010). The WTO expects candidates to send their applications first. The global institution then sends this information to all affected member sates for analysis. A country must also hand – in a tariff profile as this allows interested nations to access its status.

Thereafter, bilateral protocols should be negotiated with all the interested/ committee member states. They have a right to ask new questions and seek clarification on unanswered ones from the previous round. After this process, then individuals must come up with an accession package.

For Russia, this process took a relatively long time because interested countries were approximately 50, and some of them had very poor relations with the applicant; Georgia was especially infamous for this. The applicant grew frustrated at these developments as it had the onus to respond to their concerns all the time. Therefore, one can state that Russia took so long to enter the WTO because of the lengthy accession process.

It is too dependent on negotiations among member states that may not always be in the applicants’ good books. In addition to a lengthy accession process, Russia had selected a poorly – experienced team to carry out its negotiations. Things were further complicated by a downgrading of the negotiating team in the 1990s. In the 2000s, some of the political figures that were in charge of the process either left the team or had too many responsibilities to handle.

A case in point was the state deputy to the Prime Minister. He was overwhelmed with other ministerial activities and thus may have undermined the membership bid. Additionally, in 2004, the country used WTO accession as a tool to accommodate a demoted minister of economic development. Therefore, he did not regard his accession duties as his first obligation. Such an attitude undermined the process (Fean, 2012).

Russia had to meet the high threshold that had been set by certain member countries prior to their accession. China had acceded to the WTO after engaging in seamless bilateral talks with most member nations. It had a comprehensive accession deal that would be difficult to match. Additionally, Ukraine had also acceded after accepting bilateral talks with the US.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Russia Joins the World Trade Organization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequently, expectations from members countries concerning what an applicant can concede had risen sharply. This explains why Russia received so many demands from WTO member states. Whenever Russia protested to the demands, it would get the same reference. They were asked to imitate recently acceded countries.

Political obstacles to accession During the application process, the country was marred with a series of political challenges. At the time when the country first made its application, it was changing from a communist regime to a democratic one. President Boris Yeltsin governed the country during a tumultuous period, and this minimized its commitment to WTO membership.

Furthermore, before a country accedes, it must demonstrate that it has the right political environment to support WTO requirements. Russia’s unstable political leadership was unable to do this during the first decade of the bid (Fean, 2012). As mentioned in the above section, Georgia was one of the members in the WTO committee of interested countries.

Georgia regarded this bid as an opportunity to secure its interests. The conflict between Georgia and Russia at its borders was an opportunity for the country to deal with this problem. Before Russia could accede, it has to accept Georgian border crossings inside the Russian territories of Ossetia and Abkazia.

However, Georgia was not willing to concede to Russia’s membership unless it received a guarantee from the WTO that Russia would deal with these border crossings. Switzerland was selected as the mediator between the two entities in 2011. It was only after this assurance that Georgia accepted the deal.

Russia also had intentions of using the accession to further its Eurasian ambitions. Two years before its accession, the country announced that it would form a customs union with Belarus and Kazakhstan. The country’s president – Putin – claimed that the only way it would enter the WTO would be through this customs union. The WTO objected to such an approach because Belarus and Kazakhstan were not at the same level of preparedness as Russia.

Furthermore, it had never accepted a trading bloc as one applicant into the institution. Tariff agreements between members of the small trading bloc contradicted tariff limits set by the WTO, and Russia had to privilege the latter’s requirements over the former’s. In fact, these varied demands on Russia’s part made many analysts question the state’s commitment to WTO membership.

Negotiators’ activities were often tempered by utterances made by senior officials. If an official spoke about the difficulties in meeting certain trade agreements, then the negotiators would take this as a cue to refrain from pursuing the matter. Therefore, the inconsistent utterances made by government officials undermined the negotiation process.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Russia Joins the World Trade Organization by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More If a common strategy for the Russian government existed, then chances are that the process would have taken a shorter time (Asland, 2010). The country’s President prior to the accession also had a profound influence on the country’s lengthy bid. He developed a skeptical attitude towards the WTO, and this influenced the speed with which they negotiated the application.

President Putin felt that the international community already imposed several concessions on the Russian people, so he did not see the point of joining the WTO. His assertions illustrated that the President did not treat membership as an avenue for trade liberalization, but he saw it as an opportunity to protect the country against concessions. Such attitudes dramatically hampered the membership bid.

The President’s words would have been of little consequence if the country’s population lobbied for accession. Locals did not care about the accession so they did not prompt their leaders to alter their attitude towards the process. Another issue that may have delayed the accession process was the relationship between Russia and the US. These countries had poor relations especially during Preside Bush’s tenure.

The Bush-Iraq invasion in 2003 and its intentions for enlargement of NATO were a source of disagreement between the two countries. Russia felt that US wanted to pursue unilateral goals while the US continued to distrust Russia on its ammunition strategies. The US claimed that Russia supported its rivals in the Middle East, such as Iran. In supporting their armament processes.

Therefore, the rivalry between these two nations was in need of some serious intervention from either party. In 2009, President Obama participated in a reset agreement between the two countries. Washington wanted to trade with a partner that utilized rules in its economic transactions. Therefore, this was one of the agreements in the reset.

The US pushed for Russia’s WTO membership because this would be a dependable way of ensuring that the key reset goals were achieved (Milthorp, 2009). Several countries made demands concerning economic agreements. The US was top on the list especially with regard to intellectual property. The latter country lost approximately 6.5 billion dollars worth of intellectual property over a five year period because of Russia’s efforts.

Prior to accession, the US required Russia to implement these changes before it could participate in a bilateral agreement. In response to the challenge, Russia could not merely hope to deal with the problem through minor steps; it needed a radical shift from its prevailing policies. Russia responded to those demands by creating a government commission that would deal with piracy syndicates.

It also passed new laws in order to punish wrongdoers. As a result, the country dealt with the problem, albeit partially. These demands on intellectual property prolonged the accession process and thus contributed to such an excessive delay.

Economic obstacles to accession Some of the economic policies and structures in Russia were simply incompatible with WTO terms. Certain geographical locations in the country were entirely dependent on one industry; a typical case is the automotive industry. Trying to change these patterns not only requires a lot of commitment from the government and a strong resolve to change the status quo (Fean, 2012).

WTO had to negotiate with Russia the amount of time it would take to eliminate uncompetitive components in these industries. Russia wanted a seventeen – year traction, yet the WTO could only allow seven, on condition that the country involved was underdeveloped. Russia went back and forth with this issue thus explaining why it took so long to change.

Russia’s main export item is oil, and this product has no tariffs. Therefore, many influential members of the country did not see the usefulness of WTO membership. They felt that other states, other than Russia, would benefit more from its accession. The development explains why the country kept making progress and reneging on earlier commitments.

Their inconsistencies during negotiation stemmed from their uncertainty about the benefits of WTO membership (Asland, 2010). One of the reasons why the country backtracked was the haphazard performance of its economy. In certain circumstances, global oil prices would go up, and this would enhance the confidence that the Russians had in their economy. At the time, they believed that they did not need the WTO.

It was only until these patterns changed again in 2009 that they realized how useful the trade organization would be to them. The global financial crisis led to decreases in oil prices and the need to establish economic modernization tactics for the country. Protectionism is also another reason why the accession process took longer than it should have.

Key stakeholders and analysts felt that a number of industries in Russia were still at their infancy. Consequently, they needed government intervention to stay profitable. The truth behind these assertions was placed into question after a number of analysts pointed out the excessive length of time that these industries (metal, aluminum and aviation) had claimed to be in their infancy.

Whether or not stakeholders were right in resisting concessions is irrelevant. What matters is that their beliefs in these ideas were sufficient enough to slow their accession process. Some economic policies were seen as incompatible with trade liberalism. These may have made it difficult for both sides of the negotiation to envision Russia’s commitment to the deal.

One such instance was demonstrated when the country imposed limits on gas and oil trade partners. Additionally, Russia was in an aggressive trade war with Belarus and Georgia; therefore, these countries imposed limits on the amount of timber that could enter their country from Russia. Such tactics illustrated that much had to be achieved in terms of meeting WTO’s criteria.

It is likely that Russia may have been wary of these changes. Additionally, it took too much effort to deal with the requirements at the time. Russia was also confident about its numerous sources of wealth. Manufacturing companies span across various sectors of the economy. Consequently, the country did not feel pressured to make radical reforms within its economic sector.

The negotiators may also have been concerned about meeting the needs of the country’s major industrial leaders. Merging all their concerns with WTO requirements was difficult thus explaining why the accession process took so long (Milthorp, 2009).

Benefits of joining the WTO Russia will be expected to fulfill certain obligations to the WTO. If the country implements them, then it may report an increase in GDP of 3.3% in the near term. In the long term, the country’s gross national product may increase by as much as 11%. Therefore, Russian leaders should think of these long term measures rather than threat the concessions as a price to pay for WTO membership.

These benefits will stem from a series of avenues. First, tariff reduction in a number of export-oriented industries will increase access to international markets. Metallic industries are likely to gain substantially from this membership. Other export-oriented industries like chemicals are also likely to enjoy these concessions. The metallic industries needed these interventions because whenever they would transport their commodities to different countries, they would experience export discrimination.

It is likely that players in this industry will reap the greatest reward for their efforts (Fean, 2012). Besides tariff reduction, WTO membership will liberalize trade by exposing the Russian economy to foreign investment. These benefits are likely to spread into different sectors of the economy at a high rate. Investors often appreciate climates in which trade policies are predictable.

WTO membership will assist Russia to achieve this status, and thus encourage several investors to try out the country as an investment destination. Russia is in urgent need of a modernization program as the economic crises of 1998 and 1990 proved that the systems inherent in Russia needed revamping. If the economic conditions were left unaltered then the country’s ability to survive in future circumstances can be put into questions.

In the past, Russia had to contend with impediments to trade among its trading partners. However, membership will give the country the ability to negotiate and challenge these restrictions. Dispute resolution has always been difficult for the organization because it was on its own. Now Russia can utilize the WTO as a mediator that would secure it more favorable deals.

Membership will contribute towards a stronger multilateral trading system, especially between Russia and its key trading partner – the EU. The region will be confident about doing business with Russia because international trade norms are likely to prevail in the country. The country has a number of opaque industries that need to be shaken up. The WTO will be the tool needed to do so; a case in point is the telecom industry as well as banking.

Monopolistic tendencies and unfair training policies have hampered growth in these sectors for so long. After the WTO, the country will probably benefit from greater transparency and thus more competitiveness. Aside from transparency in these sectors, entry of foreign investors will also increase demand for skilled workers in Russia.

Many households could do with greater expansion of their traditional industries, and WTO membership could be the means with which the country can achieve this. Corruption has a been a difficult thing to tackle for Russia; an external entity may be the solution towards this problem.

The country could also benefit from the prestige that stems from belonging to such an institution. This will also illustrate that the country is capable of joining the OECD. In fact, President Putin affirmed that the OECD would be the ultimate target as it would demonstrate Russia’s status as a rich country. Foreign investors would respect the country simply because of belonging to such an entity.

WTO membership is also likely to affect the country’s foreign relations. While the political will was questionable during the negotiation process, membership status will demonstrate to others partners that Russia is willing to cooperate with them. Since this was a lengthy process, Russia will take pride in the process and will be more confident bout its capacity to negotiate such deals in international relations.

Costs of joining the WTO Accession into the World Trade Organization will not come without a price. The country will have to contend with certain transitional challenges. For instance, an increase in foreign investment may increase the level of competition with local goods. This would probably be extreme in industries that had traditionally gained from quotas and other form of protectionism.

Typical cases here include the aluminum industry as well as the automobile sector. Additionally, it may trigger unemployment among locals, which could cause mild unrest. Unless the country equips its individuals with the necessary skills needed to enter into new industries or compete with foreigners, then it could encounter many difficulties in the short term.

Russia’s legal systems are weak, yet implementation of WTO obligations highly depends on the strength of its legal institutions. Therefore, the country will have to work on its legal systems in order to ascertain that the rule of law prevails in the country. Russia will not benefit from full WTO membership if it does not correct this challenge.

Trade partners could be very frustrated if Russia does not rise to the occasion because the WTO’s capacity to resolve disputes is limited. Disgruntled partners have to go through a tedious process that does not even guarantee them favorable outcomes. In essence, if Russia does not take its international commitments seriously, then chances are that it will not realize the gains of WTO membership (Fean, 2012).

It should be noted that the President who spearheaded the final agreements prior to accession was President Medvedvev. While the previous President – Putin – was ambivalent about the WTO’s usefulness to Russia, Medvedev was certain about its benefits. He was deeply committed to completing these negotiations.

It was under his leadership that the country entered into bilateral agreements with all the member states (Georgia was exempted). President Putin came back into office in 2011 and he was responsible for the final paperwork. Therefore, one may question Putin’s commitment to implementation of WTO agreements during his tenure in office.

Most of Russia’s economy depends on the raw material exports. The WTO mostly protects the manufacturing sector. There is a danger of expecting too much from this process because raw materials are exempt from these benefits. Some countries have often criticized the Russian government and its political structures. They claim that Russia does not listen to the will of its people and it often undermines their freedoms.

However, many Russian citizens were willing to trade off these freedoms for stability and growth. Therefore, it seems their main priority was economic strength rather than political development. With accession into the WTO, the country may have to make political changes which could create a certain level of instability. This could undermine the social pact in which Russians are operating thus leading to a level of unrest.

After accession Russia needs to demonstrate its commitment to the WTO by making the required changes. Failure to do so could prove that the country is not really interested in pursuing the liberal agenda. This could lead to disillusionment among the international community and Russia as well. It should be noted that failure to comply with the WTO has occurred in the past.

Post accession environments can be sources of turmoil if governments are not aggressive about implementation. A case in point was China just after it had acceded. Many of the stakeholders who intended on partnering with the country felt disillusioned about the country’s membership. This prevented a number of them from engaging with China. To avoid such a scenario, Russia will have to act quickly and in accordance with WTO norms.

Nonetheless, China responded accordingly later on by closing small shops and allowing big firms to prosper; the country has a lot to show for these changes today (Milthorp, 2009). With several alterations in the economic environment, it is likely that Russia will diversify its economy. It will reindustrialize and focus on adding value to its products. Furthermore, this is likely to translate into a stable economy.

Overreliance on oil and gas may explain why Russia’s economy kept fluctuating from time to time. It will be necessary to look for more dependable sources of income for the country. Global oil prices may increase but this may not affect Russia substantially if it will have a diversified economy, the WTO will help the country to achieve this.

Conclusion The ascension of Russia into the WTO was an illustration of how negotiations can stall when too many variables are involved. In this case, economic challenges like protectionism and tariff benefits, foreign relations challenges like armed conflict between Russia and Georgia as well as political challenges like idealistic leadership and unstable governments contributed to the lengthiness of the negotiation.

Russia probably felt that it had invested too much time and resources to abandon the deal. Its persistence was indicative of the perceived benefits that would emerge from the project. Membership in the WTO is likely to increase competitiveness as well as economic sustainability. Although some critics oppose the number of tradeoffs and sacrifices that Russia will have to make, most of them do not look at the big picture. The country had the option of protecting its uncompetitive industries and undermining economic growth.

Alternatively, it could join the WTO and make some short-term adjustments which can eventually translate into expansion of its economy. This country had the choice between protection in a small economy or exposure in a large territory. The latter is a more sustainable approach for development.

References Asland, A. (2010). Why doesn’t Russia join the WTO? Washington Quarterly, 51.

Fean, D. (2012). Decoding Russia’s WTO accession. Retrieved from

Milthorp, P. (2009). WTO accessions: The story so far. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, 4(3), 108-109

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Bigelow Aerospace: International Business Case Study college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The business issues facing Bigelow Aerospace

Conclusion

References

Introduction Bigelow Aerospace is a space technology company based in North Las Vegas. The company is pioneering the development of expandable space vessels. The company was founded in 1998, by Robert Bigelow – and operations are funded, largely by the Budget Suites Hotel of America, which is owned by Bigelow (Bigelow, 2011). As of 2010, the founder had injected USD 180 million into the project.

The founder, together with his staffs, is working towards the development of configurable, flexible space habitats. This paper explores the business issues facing Bigelow Aerospace in different areas: tariffs, exchange rates, quotas, local laws and customs, marketing, and copyrights. The paper also presents possible solutions to the issues identified (Bigelow, 2011).

The business issues facing Bigelow Aerospace According to Anonymous (2011), EIAST (Emirates Institution for Advanced Science and Technology) has partnered with Bigelow Aerospace to develop a future-looking human spaceflight initiative for the Middle East. EIAST is the organization that initiated the DubaiSat project. The two partners plan to establish the project in Dubai and the UAE, bringing into existence research and development institution (Anonymous, 2011, p. 1-3).

The center will present the potential of exploring business, space-related projects and advanced biotechnology. The deal between the two institutions is part of the UAE’s strategy, towards reinforcing space capacity, through working on the DubaiSat project as using projects like DubaiSat-1 (Anonymous, 2011). The New programs are expected to enhance business applications across the region (M. Gold, personal interview, June 2009).

The director general of EIAST, Mansoori informed Satellite Today that plans of installing other satellites were in waiting. He said that the EIAST anticipated initiating DubaiSat-2 in 2012, which would be followed by the launch of DubaiSat-3 (Anonymous, 2011).

Among the business issues facing Bigelow Aerospace is the issue of taxation due to business across the US national borders. In the particular case of a partnership with the EIAST, with the plans of launching operations in the UAE and Dubai, they face the issue of the application of tax treaties, in their current case, where it is not clear whether the partnership is allowed to enjoy treaty benefits (Seevers, 2002).

The business issue gets deeper as the states involved are different, in the tax treatment of partnerships. For instance, a classification conflict is likely to face the partnership, which may result in double non-taxation or double taxation (Rhoades, 2008). There is also an issue of the application of tax treaties in the context of the business between Bigelow Aerospace and EIAST (Seevers, 2002).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The business issues to be explored during and after the progress of the project include the tax regimes to be applied to the partnership, whether the projects can be taxed on the basis of the domestic laws of the US, and rules to be applied by the UAE and America – when classifying foreign and domestic organizations for taxation purposes. There is also an issue of the application of tax treaties to the international partnership (Seevers, 2002).

A possible solution to the taxation issue facing the business of Bigelow Aerospace, while executing partnerships with EIAST of the UAE, includes that proposed by Latham

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Methodological Relationalism as Dialectical Psychology: Article Evaluation and Analysis essay help free

There are many ways to draw the line between order and chaos. By far the simplest one, however, would be to imagine that the links between all objects and phenomena are removed. What one will get will be chaos (Hayles, 1991). The truth of the matter is that every single object or phenomenon in the objective reality is somehow connected to several other objects or phenomena, whether directly or with the help of a specific mediator.

Offering the theoretical foil for the given idea, methodological relationalism helps define the place that a specific object or phenomenon takes in the universe. In his article Interpersonal relationships and relationship dominance: An analysis based on methodological relationalism.

Ho attempts at proving that Asian psychology in general and methodological relationalism, in particular, is based on the study of people’s common social behavior patterns rather than on the analysis of the behavioral patterns of the Asian society. Though the author also refers to cultural contrasts, the focus of the study is the analysis of social interactions within any cultural context.

Ho also offers a unique construction of methodological relationalism. Ho means to “explicate methodological relationalism as a general framework for the analysis of human thought and action, informed by Asian views reflecting the omnipresence of self-other relations in all social life” (Ho, 1998, 3).

Therefore, Ho restricts the possibilities of methodological relationalism to outlining the key factors that enhance people’s behavior, contribute to the development of specific behavioral patterns and influence the mechanisms of the decision-making process in people’s lives.

However, the deciding point at which one can see clearly that Ho’s interpretation of the meaning and purpose of methodological relationalism is authentic comes when the author announces that he uses the given theoretical foil for analyzing interpersonal relationships (Ho, 1998, 3-4).

According to Ho, the theory of methodological relationalism is also applicable in a multicultural context: “Next, cultural contrasts are explored, with reference to:

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More the formation of relationships,

cultural roots of how interpersonal relationships are defined in myths and legends, and

the dominance of specific relationships in different cultures” (Ho, 1998, 4).

Also, Ho offers an interesting idea concerning the dominance of specific relationships in different cultures. According to Ho, “Cultural definition plays a role in governing not only the formation but also the termination of relationships” (Ho, 1998, 9).

The means mentioned above that the ways of conduct that are established traditionally in a specific country define the patterns of behavior of the members of the given society and, therefore, presuppose that specific relationships between its members are encouraged.

Ho’s research, therefore, is hardly groundbreaking, yet it offers an interesting perspective on people’s behavioral patterns. Also, it is essential to stress that Ho manages to overcome such obstacles as the Asian cultural staples, proving that the Asian philosophy provides universal postulates that solve the mysteries of human nature and the human condition.

With the help of methodological relationalism, one is able to cognize the ways in which people behave and develop, since the given teaching helps understand the role of an individual within a specific society, evaluate the significance of social relationships and use “the methodology employed to study the phenomenon or its conceptualization”, as Ho defines it (Ho, 1998, 3), efficiently.

Reference List Hayles, N. K. (1991). Chaos and order: Complex dynamics in literature and science. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Ho, D. Y. F. (1998). Interpersonal relationships and relationship dominance: An analysis based on methodological relationalism. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 1(1), 1-16.

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Strategy as Ecology Essay essay help: essay help

The successful creation of a product depends on quite a number of factors such as the company’s collective health. Organizations have a special role in the business ecosystem and should enlighten its stakeholders on issues regarding the ecosystem. The use of stand-alone strategies is no longer suitable for companies that have an intention of improving their production and delivery systems.

Business ecosystems are very critical in the day to day running of organizations. Companies that have enjoyed considerable success such as Microsoft and Wal-Mart employ aggressive strategies that enhance the success their business ecosystems. A business ecosystem is a network of different companies ranging from suppliers, outsourcing firms, distributers, product manufacturers and technology providers.

All the components of a business ecosystem have a special contribution towards the success of an organization. The internal capabilities of a company can only be enhanced with a healthy business ecosystem. The sharing of real-time information among different members of a business ecosystem enhances its performance and at the same time making organizations to be very competitive.

The symbiotic relationship between different members of a business ecosystem brings customer satisfaction. Companies that have a working relationship with market leaders such as Microsoft and Wal-Mart benefit from the creativity and innovation within the industry. Some companies establish business networks beyond their respective industries o promote a healthy business ecosystem.

The concept of business ecosystems has become very popular in modern business due to the success that companies like Microsoft and Wal-Mart continue to enjoy. Many organizations are not well informed about the concept of business ecosystems and this has led to the mismanagement of ecosystems. The health of a company’s business ecosystem should be assessed on regular basis using the recommended framework.

There are lot of companies involved in the manufacturing and distribution of a single product such as a personal computer. All the companies involved in the manufacturing and distribution of a product form a business ecosystem. A complex eco-system can also be subdivided into different segments known as business domains.

The domains should be healthy for the entire ecosystem to deliver the desired results. There are a lot of similarities between a business ecosystem and a biological ecosystem especially when it comes to assessment. The health of an ecosystem depends on its productivity, robustness and niche creation. The transformation of inputs such as raw materials and technology into quality products at a lower cost demonstrates the productivity of a particular company.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The productivity of a company can be used to determine how healthy a business ecosystem is. The returns from a capital investment reflect the effectiveness of a business ecosystem. The ability of a business to survive all kinds of disruptions is another indicator of the state of an ecosystem’s health. The disruptions may be brought about by unexpected technological changes or other external shocks.

Companies should be able to create new business niches to demonstrate diversity. Diversity is another perfect indicator of a healthy business ecosystem. The biological ecosystem is therefore a very useful analogy when it comes to modern business networks. Companies that have common assets which are predictable and stable enjoy healthy ecosystems.

Organizations with stable systems and assets are referred as keystone organizations. Keystone organizations are very important especially when it comes to introducing robustness in a business ecosystem. The keystone strategy is meant to create and share value among other organizations within a business ecosystem. The aims and objectives of an organization determine the ecosystem strategy of a company.

Keystone strategies are very useful when a company is involved in complex interrelationships with other companies. A company can benefit a lot from business ecosystems by extracting some maximum value form the assets within the network. The ecosystem strategy is not a must for companies that operate independently. Flexibility and innovation are some of the benefits that companies with effective keystone strategies continue to enjoy.

Some keystone organizations may want to dominate an ecosystem because of their powerful position within the system. The domination of a business ecosystem by keystone organizations can either be direct or indirect. Physical domination takes a direct form whereas the value domination takes an indirect form.

The niche strategies are very useful when it comes to differentiating a company from others within the same business ecosystem. Companies tend to leverage their niche as a way of enhancing their domain. Leveraging a company niche within a business ecosystem protects smaller firms from staying in the shadow of keystone organizations.

The ecosystem strategy clearly highlights the need for companies to work together. Business managers have to consider a business ecosystem strategy when it comes to product design and policy implementation. Business ecology enables companies to access resources from other companies within the ecosystem. Integration is a new form of innovation that promotes business operations within a business ecosystem.

We will write a custom Essay on Strategy as Ecology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Technological evolution is a product of innovation across the different domains of a business ecosystem. Business competition has shifted from individual companies to between ecosystems and the trend is expected to remain the same in the future.

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The Renault Nissan Alliance Negotiations Case Study custom essay help

Negotiations are part of our daily activities. In commerce, effective negotiations are the pillars of all successful businesses (Fowler 3). Companies who adopt effective negotiation strategies can be able to generate assessable business values for themselves and for their clients. Unlike in the past, negotiations have become very important to every business organization.

This has been brought about by deals becoming more complex, more professional buyers joining the marketplace, competitive behaviors in the market, and increase in internal negotiations within companies. Business experts classify negotiations into several types based on critical variables such as time, conflicts, and participants (Sparks 12).

In this regard, this case study seeks to analyze the Renault-Nissan alliance negotiations. Through this, this paper will bring into light the negotiation strategies that enabled these companies to reach a winning coalition despite the mutual challenges that faced the two companies.

Prior the year 1999, Renault and Nissan companies were faced with numerous fiscal challenges that threatened their future business successes. As such, Nissan was virtually insolvent in the year 1999. From the year 1990, the automobile company had progressively lost its money and market share.

By the year 1998, its automobile production had decreased by 600, 000 units. On the other hand, Renault was slowly regaining its production and market share after a devastating loss of $ 680 million in the year 1996. Equally, before the alliance Renault was still trying to come into terms with their much-publicized alliance with Volvo that failed to materialize.

In the year 1999, the two companies initiated approaches towards an alliance. Several meetings were later held to assess the prospects of their alliances. Notably, the media and the business experts have applauded Renault’s approaches during the negotiations for their unique negotiation strategies.

As such, the Renault negotiating team applied the six steps needed to reach the target and a winning coalition as described by Lax and Sebenius in their article A Guide To Complex Negotiations Published in the year 2012.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the Lax and Sebenius, a successful alliance can be achieved by identifying the right parties and grouping them into fronts, assessing inter-dependencies among fronts, determining whether and when to combine fronts, determining how much information to share and when, and being ready to learn and adapt to changing situations.

In the year 1998, Renault’s executive Schweitzer wrote to Nissan’s executive informing him of his strategic plan to form an alliance with Nissan. Schweitzer’s initiatives were against the bankers and investors’ wishes. After identifying the barriers that existed between their companies, Schweitzer was determined to convince all the parties involved of the importance of their alliance.

To carry out its initiatives, Renault had to get the approval from the government, their employees and the shareholders. The French government helped the company overcome most of its regulatory roles since they had power over board decisions. Equally, for successful negotiations Renault had to convince Nissan’s stakeholders, which included the Japanese government, labor unions, and investors.

These investors were Fuji Bank, Fuyo, and Industrial Bank of Japan. Renault was able to convince these parties with the help of Japanese government officials from the ministries of business, international trade, finance, and fair trade. By assessing the inter-dependencies among Nissans shareholders, Renault was able to determine how they affect one another (Lax

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Multinational Strategies, Structures, and Learning of Pearl River Piano Analytical Essay essay help free

Table of Contents Executive summary

Background

Problem statement

Analysis of the problem

Alternatives and criteria selection

Recommendation

Action plan

References

Appendices

Executive summary The case study is of Pearl River Piano, a company, based in China. The company is seeking to enter into US market. The move is steered by the desire or the company’s CEO to improve quality of the company’s product and secure a Global market. The company’s CEO, Mr. Tong is convinced that the company’s big goal is achievable only if the company secures US market.

Since the US market is mature and piano brands in it are of high quality, the company senses the possibility of failing to achieving its major goal. The company made some efforts to enter the market to no avail. There exist various alternatives for foreign market entry.

Among them are strategic alliance, assembling, joint venture, licensing and contract manufacturing. It is recommended for the company to use strategic alliance to make the entry. The experts say that considering the company’s financial position and US market perception of products from China, strategic alliance is the best way.

Background Pearl Rivers Piano Group (PRPG) was established in 1956, in the southern city of Guangzhou. It emerged from a state owned enterprise with less than 100 employees. During that time, the company recorded low yearly production units of 13 pianos. The company’s production process involved the use of manual skills (Anne

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Methods of Environmental Assessment college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Table of Contents Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Tool

Leopold Matrix

Fuzzy logic

Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT)

Differences in Methodologies

Reference List

Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Tool – This method of environmental assessment was designed to help local councils as well as various organizations to create a preliminary assessment and environmental screening of a proposed project or activity in order to determine whether it has a negative, neutral or positive environmental impact (Schianetz et al., 2007).

Leopold Matrix -Similar to the Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Tool, the Leopold matrix is similarly utilized to measure the impact of a project on the environment (Safont et al., 2012). What differentiates the Leopold Matrix from other methods of environmental assessment is the way in which it utilizes measures of importance (i.e. from a measure of 1 to 10) to magnitude (i.e. from -10 to 10) in order to determine the overall impact of a particular activity (Safont et al., 2012).

Fuzzy logic – Often utilizing quantitative data as a means of assessment, Fuzzy logic can be considered a means of processing data so as to extend classical set theory to the extent that it can handle partial membership. In other words, fuzzy logic is used as a means of clarifying concepts related to “safety”, “health” and “acceptable” to the extent that it can be clearly understood based on quantitative analysis of data sets involving appropriate measures that deal with such abstract concepts (Ridgway, 2005).

It should be noted though that due to the complications involved in fuzzy logic applications and methods of utilization, it is rarely utilized in risk assessment or environmental policy due to the presence of better tools of assessment (Ridgway, 2005).

Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT) While not utilized on a daily basis, the Flash Environmental Assessment Tool is one the best methods of assessing any existing or potential environmental impact risks that can be considered as a “significant” risk to locals and the environment through the release of unnatural or exotic chemical compounds into the surrounding environment (Saeed et al., 2012).

FEAT is normally seen in use when a tanker ship, a truck or other vehicle has accidentally let loose its shipment of chemicals. During such incidents, it is important to determine the level of danger involved so that proper cleanup procedures can be implemented (Saeed et al., 2012).

Differences in Methodologies The Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Tool utilizes 14 potential environmental factors in a checklist format as a means of assessing the impact of a particular project or activity (Chang et al., 2013). Utilizing a color code scheme, it is able to determine whether an activity would be positive for the environment or not.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Leopold Matrix on the other hand utilizes a set of columns which show the various activities of a project with each being measured on a scale of -10 to 10 as to whether or not they are good or bad for the environment (Chang et al., 2013). Fuzzy logic assessment differs from the previous examples in that it utilizes a theoretical framework in order to utilize imprecise and uncertain factors in a way that generates an output that is logical.

Examples of this can consist of determining how the amount of trees cut on a daily basis impacts the amount of carbon dioxide in the hair which can adversely affect people and the environment. FEAT on the other hand utilizes a large array of information on compounds and their impact on local environments in order to create its method of assessment.

Similarities Differences Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Tool Both utilize a ranking system to create an environmental assessment Utilizes a 14 point check list to assess the environmental impact of projects Leopold Matrix Examines individual activities on their potential environmental impact Fuzzy logic Utilizes statistical data on imprecise factors to create a conclusion Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT) Utilizes prior scientific information on chemicals to conduct an analysis Reference List Chang, T., Nielsen, E., Auberle, W.,

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The Sexualization and Objectification of Young Female Musicians in Print Ads Research Paper best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Young Female Musicians and Society

Negative Effects of Objectification/Sexualization

Arguments Favoring Sexualization

Discussion and Conclusion

References

Introduction Sexualization and objectification of women in the mass media has been a common practice by majority of the media outlets in the Western world. This practice has been fueled by the perception that sex sells. Sexualizing images have therefore become prevalent in corporate advertising and popular media. A significant industry that has capitalized on sexualization and objectification of women is the music industry.

The phenomenon has spilled over to the print advertisement where young female musicians have their images displayed. A report by the American Psychological Association (2007) asserts that the sexualization and objectification of girls through mass media has broad and far-reaching harmful effects on women. This paper will discuss the effects of sexualization and objectification of young female musicians by the print media.

It will begin by highlighting the influence that young musicians have on the society to underscore the impact of their sexualization. The paper will then expound on the numerous negative effects of this objectification by the print media.

Young Female Musicians and Society Young female musicians have significant influence on American youth of all ethnic and racial heritages. Artists especially in the hip-hop genre have influenced the youth who make up the bulk of this genre’s audience and customer base. Studies reveal that popular culture in general and hip-hop culture in particular heavily influences teenagers and informs how they make sense of their lives and the world in general (Emerson, 2002).

The society is therefore likely to view the female musicians as role models, and copy some aspects of their lives including fashion. For their part, young female performers are required to live up to the prevalent notions of physical attractiveness and measure up to the rigid standards of beauty; a fact made clear by the lack of variety in body size and weight by the many female music stars currently enjoying widespread success.

The musicians who try to define themselves differently often face opposition and their commercial success may be hampered. This is in line with findings by Gordon (2008) which declare that young female artists who refuse to be defined by their sexuality and try to project a positive sense of self often risk alienation and marketing invisibility.

Negative Effects of Objectification/Sexualization The objectification of young female musicians in advertisements has led to higher levels of body dissatisfaction and lower self-esteem and body esteem by women in the general public. Lavin and Cash (2000) suggest that this objectification of female musicians negatively influences how women feel about their bodies. Objectification of female musicians leads to self-objectification by women in the general population.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Calogero (2004) declares, “All women who live in a culture where the female body is treated as an object to be evaluated and measured are at risk of self-objectification (p.20). Women have come to expect that their bodies are constantly on display, and this anticipation of being the object of an observer’s gaze trigger the negative consequences associated with self-objectification.

This self-objectification is developed as an adaptive strategy by women who anticipate being focused upon by men and judged based on their appearances. Women therefore grow to be over conscious of their physical appearance even when no one is looking at them. Research by Calogero (2004) states that when women are conditioned to anticipate a male gaze, they experience greater body shame and social physique anxiety.

This causes negative emotional experiences that are detrimental to the mental health of the women. Sexualization of young musicians in print ads helps perpetuate the stereotypes of women. Sexualization of young musicians in the print media distorts the ideologies of women’s sexuality by reinforcing the stereotype of women as sex objects.

Aubrey, Hopper and Mbure (2011) argue that the images portrayed are often constructed around the “pornographic imagination” in which women are simply sex symbols existing primarily for the pleasure of male spectators. This is especially the case with Black women representations that exacerbate the exploitation of the African American woman’s body.

Research by Emerson (2002) demonstrates that video and print appearances of African American music stars emphasized on black women’s bodies. Black women are often presented as hypersexual, promiscuous and of low moral standings. Young female musicians are used to portray the idealized body shape that is tubular and thin.

In the context of the print advertisements, these famous girls are used to promote the idea that the ideal body shape is tubular and thin and that achieving it is relatively easy. Monro (2005) demonstrates that in most of these advertisements, the images portrayed have been heavily edited and refined with computer software.

This leads to significant body dissatisfaction especially among adolescent girls who read magazines that contain these advertizing images. Studies demonstrate that after viewing magazine where thin ideal media images were portrayed, the subjects experienced greater body dissatisfaction (Monro, 2005; Cattarin, et al., 2000).

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Sexualization and Objectification of Young Female Musicians in Print Ads specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The media has significant effect on the attitudes and beliefs of its audience. The Cultivation theory suggests that regular media exposure will result in an adoption of beliefs and attitudes similar to the messages conveyed in the media (Gordon, 2008). Regular exposure to the sexualized and objectified young musicians in print ads will therefore lead to the gradual adoption of the values that such messages convey.

Teenagers and youth are particularly prone to these media influence due to their significantly high levels of media material consumption. Sexualization has also served to inform women on what it takes to be successful (Labennett, 2011). The female musicians represented in advertisements are often beautiful and they are judged and evaluated primarily based on their looks.

Gordon (2008) states that such a portrayal leads women to hold the view that physical beauty is an important asset both for attracting partners and for being successful in life. Sexual images are not only dangerous to the youth but also to children aged between six and eleven. Sexualization of young female musicians in print media is hazardous to young children.

Egan and Hawkes (2008) demonstrate that when these children are exposed to the images of their pop stars, they become unduly concerned with activities such as applying makeup and imitating the dressing of their favorite musicians. Such preoccupations distract the children from the developmentally appropriate activities that they would otherwise be engaging in at their age.

Children are pressured to adopt a certain look that is deemed desirable. Through the images of the young female musicians, they are encouraged to develop anorexic tendencies therefore creating body images issues in young girls. Hobbs (2011) notes that young girls evaluate their bodies within the context of their culture, which is mostly informed by the young musicians.

The negative effects of sexualization are not only limited to girls as young boys are also introduced to habits such as “checking out a girl” and they learn to view women as objects of pleasure at an early age. Objectification and sexualization plays an important role in facilitate acts of violence against women.

This is because when a person has been objectified, their perceived moral status is reduced and this precipitates less moral treatment of the objectified other. Loughnan et al. (2010) suggest that objectification contributes to the perpetration of violence since when a person is objectified, they are depersonalized and it is easier to treat them in a depraved manner.

Sexual objectification by young musicians also creates a distorted view of female sexuality and encourages interpersonal violence in sexual relationships. When female musicians engage in the sexual objectification of their bodies through the print ads, they create a negative perception among men. Aubrey, Hopper and Mbure (2011) suggest that an adversarial sexual belief is developed by young men who perceive that women use their bodies and sexuality to manipulate men.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Sexualization and Objectification of Young Female Musicians in Print Ads by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such a mentality increases the rates of sexual harassment that women in society experience since sexually aggression related attitudes are fostered. A study by Burgess and Burpo (2012) revealed that viewing highly sexualized portrayals of female artists by college males led to a higher acceptability of date rapes.

An even more troubling result of the sexualization of young musicians is that it promotes pedophilia. Some of the musicians who are sexualized and objectified through print ads are in their teenage years. Their images perpetuate the “grooming of children for pedophiles” (Egan

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Strategic Audit: Home Depot Inc. Report writing essay help: writing essay help

Current Situation Home Depot Inc has grown tremendously since its inception back in the 1970’s when it was formed by three business executives who had left Handy Dan Stores. Then the company had only one store and annual earnings of $ 23M; however now the company has grown and is one of the largest retailer and installer of home improvement appliances serving individuals and professional customers.

The company’s founder retired back in the year 2000 after opening the 1000th store and Bob Nardelli was appointed C.E.O. This move has proved highly decisive because since then the company has even performed better. The new C.E.O has overseen the opening of over 900 stores and is prospective to open the 2000th store soon.

The retailer is now among the top 3 retailers in the world behind Wal-Mart, though it is the Americas’ largest Home Improvement selling company (Wheelen

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IMAX Analysis Case Study argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Company, customers, competitors, and context

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

IMAX objectives

IMAX’s marketing strategy and why it is changing

Whether the changes have been effective

Works Cited

Company, customers, competitors, and context IMAX is a large format film production company that has a presence in approximately 40 countries. It focuses on film production, theatre operations and IMAX systems sales. Initially, the company was a niche player that produced and displayed educational films and documentaries; this explains why most of its theatres were located in museums, aquariums and similar educational institutions.

However, currently the company is changing that strategy by displaying Hollywood movies in IMAX format and moving its theatre locations to other places other than educational institutions. The company’s customers range from educational institutions, conservatories, museums, theatre owners, individual movie lovers, tourists and film distributors.

Since the company converts films to IMAX formats, then it can either sell the systems to theater owners or lease them out. Here, typical clients include Regal cinemas and AMC. Movie lovers are also another client base for the organization. These are individuals who enjoy movies immensely such that they do not mind watching it again in a new format.

Most of them are educated and earn medium to high incomes. They appreciate the uniqueness that IMAX movies provide with regard to 3D movies. Therefore, many of them do not mind paying extra for this exclusive experience. Another category of customers are the educational, historical and scientific institutions. Usually, these buyers stock IMAX movies for the purpose of showing them to information seekers.

These corporations make IMAX a niche player owing to their focus on educational material. They are responsible for bringing the company’s name to the fore in terms of this need. On the other hand, IMAX also displays educational films in its own theatres. Therefore, non institutional clients also account for a large share of the firm’s sales. These include tourists, students and families (Nair 3).

Key competitors for IMAX include studios that make educational films, producers that target similar demographics like children. One such group is Disney, which offers serious competition to IMAX’s family films. The company also faces stiff competition from large format service providers like Iwerks. The later company not only produces but also displays large format films.

Another entity called Pollavisation also helps large format theatres maximize their service output. Competitors also exist in other related industries such as DVDs, TV programs and the internet. Alternative sources of entertainment drive away potential consumers who may prefer the conveniences and affordability of these sources.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats One of the major strengths exhibited by the company is its investment in technology. Prior to introduction of 3D films, the organization worked on its projection systems such that their images became sharper and brighter than those found in other movie theatres. Additionally, the firm has a strong research and development team that was responsible for the perfection of the 3D systems.

In film production, the company leverages on its strong brand name to minimize production costs. Unlike conventional studios that have to hire famous stars to promote their films, the business often pegs on its unique brand image. Additionally, it does not have to use conventional marketing channels to sell its movies because other parties do it for them.

For instance, when showing Hollywood movies, customers will come to watch the films in IMAX’s theatres owing to movie producers’ campaigns. By riding on other people’s marketing efforts, the organization minimizes its overhead and increases profitability. Additionally, the company does not have to use aggressive marketing because movies can stay within their libraries for years on end.

Another strength that IMAX can boast about is its unique location. Most IMAX theaters are found in areas of great historical value, such as New Jersey’s Liberty Science Center. In this regard, many potential clients can identify with the organization and thus purchase their services. The firm is also a niche player in the family entertainment sector. It has leveraged on parent’s inclinations to develop their children’s intellectual capabilities.

A need exists for education and entertainment for children, and this is available at IMAX theatres. In the theatre systems supplies sector, IMAX’s key strength is its commitment to quality. The organization maintains theatre systems for its suppliers regularly and projected maintenance updates are always quite accurately. Besides this, the organization offers advice on how to maintain those theatre supplies thus building trust among its consumers and ensuring repeat business from them.

One of the major weaknesses for the organization is its high level of expenditure and hence debt. Production and distribution of films is always a costly affair as it is technology – intensive. IMAX has had to pay a lot of money upfront before undertaking a new technology endeavor and this has increased its debts. Additionally, the organization depends on the success of its theater owners, yet their industry is quite risky.

Prior to the mortgage crisis, the theatre owners over expanded in order to accommodate IMAX’s projection systems, but this plunged them into debt. Their situations affected their ability to honor pledges made to IMAX thus dragging IMAX along with them. Opportunities for the organization include partnerships with more theatre owners to offer movies in IMAX format.

We will write a custom Case Study on IMAX Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Currently, the organization has partnered with theatre owners like AMC to offer its film in 3D. In return, the company will benefit by sharing revenue generated from their ticket sales. If the firm liaises with other theatre owners, it could increase its reach without having to run theatres on a daily basis. The company simply needs to be involved in the initial set ups; other aspects of sales should be left to partnering firms.

It needs to refrain from selling its systems to theatres as this only yields one-time only revenue streams. Making long-term agreements with the organizations can lead to long term sources of revenue. In essence, expansion of its Hollywood movie conversion portfolio could lead to greater profit margins and long term sustainability.

Additionally, the company needs to convince movie studios to release their films simultaneously in IMAX format as well as the traditional format. Some studios may worry that traditional film formats will not do as well if releases are done in both layouts. However, IMAX should use past successes on such simultaneous premieres to convince them about the viability of the idea (Nair 8).

Key threats for the company include the threat of vertical integration. Several entities in the production and distribution business are merging with members of the supply chain. For instance, Miramax has been vertically-integrated into Disent while Columbia Pictures is a subsidiary of Sony. As a result, these conglomerates have substantial control over the production process.

They can make movies at more efficient rates than IMAX and this poses a serious threat to the company. It must decide whether it is feasible to stay independent or merge with a larger production firm. Additionally, the company faces a serious threat from educational film makers as competitors are numerous and prospects for recovery of investments are also minimal.

Estimates indicate that only three-fifths of all movies recover the initial investment they made in production of the film. Therefore, profit margins in the IMAX film production department are diminishing owing to increased competition as well as risks of production. Other organizations in the film education niche are also offering similar services to IMAX, and this could undercut their competitive advantage.

A company like Pollavisation now does consulting and maintenance of large format films, yet this is a core aspect of IMAX’s business portfolio. Other threats also exist for the organization in different industries. The proliferation of the internet has intensified cases of piracy. Customers may choose to watch a film on the internet rather than watch it in IMAX theatres.

Additionally, technology development is also a threat to the organization because it enables new film entrants (like Pixar) to leverage on cheaper equipment. This could increase competition for the company. Piracy through camera recordings at theatres may also threaten the viability of IMAX’s offerings.

Not sure if you can write a paper on IMAX Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Lobbyists may also act as deterrents to the organization when they object against some of the films that IMAX displays. They may oppose the use of vulgar language or obscenities found in these films. IMAX will need to consider these concerns if it plans on increasing the number of Hollywood film conversions.

IMAX objectives IMAX’s first objective is to increase its profit margins by expanding into multiplexes and diversifying its product range by offering its films in IMAX format. After conducting an analysis on the average demographics of movie goers in its facilities, the company realized that it was missing the mark as most of its customers fell outside this bracket.

It was essential to come up with a strategy that would bring this key demographic under their wing. Statistics indicate that a fifth of IMAX’s consumers are school groups. Additionally, most of them fall within the 19 to 65 age bracket.

Conversely, the age group that accounts for the highest feature film attendance is the 12-24 year-old group. Additionally, they accounted for 41% of all movie attendants. It was essential to create a business strategy that would attract such a group (Nair 15).

IMAX’s marketing strategy and why it is changing The company utilized its partners’ marketing efforts to sell its products. Furthermore, it took advantage of location to sell its offerings to consumers. For instance, the company partnered with successful institutions like the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago in order to make it stand out from the rest. Clients came to trust its films through its affiliation to these institutions.

Their marketing efforts would cause clients to try out their products as well. The company also had sales teams in key destinations such as the US, Canada, China, Europe and Japan. The teams were responsible for the sale of theatre systems. Films were not part of the product package as they were sold independently to the partnering firms.

Little marketing was involved as IMAX already established long term relationships with these institutions. Additionally, the continual availability of the movies in IMAX theatres was a way of selling the product continually to the market; they were always assured of finding the product there.

This reliance on educational institutions for marketing is changing dramatically. Now the company is relying on marketing strategies made by Hollywood studios. Prior to the release of a film, most organizations will use internet websites, television advertisements, the press and commercials in order to market their films. If IMAX plans on showing a Hollywood movie in IMAX format, then it also relies on these marketing channels to sell the film.

Some studies often liaise with restaurant chains like McDonalds and other commercial enterprises to promote an upcoming film. Additionally, several of these institutions also rely on the presence of celebrities to promote a film. If IMAX plans on showing the film on concurrent dates with the traditional formats, then similar marketing channels will be utilized.

Aside from other studio’s marketing efforts, the company has also invested in its own marketing efforts. The company used conventional marketing channels like television for its Everest movie. Additionally, the organization is collaborating with some partners to promote its films in public venues.

A case in point was its collaboration of Showtime, which promoted the film T-Rex at stores affiliated to Imaginarium in US malls. As result, the company’s income increased substantially. The traditional IMAX approach is currently changing because of the strategic shift to more conventional films. Additionally, the company has realized that it needs to be aggressive about staying in business, and this explains its strategic shift.

Whether the changes have been effective The new approach seems to be working because box office sales for marketed films are much higher than sales for un-marketed films. Additionally, using other studio’s marketing campaigns to sell IMAX converted films appears to be working as well. When IMAX and multiplex screens released the film “The Day the Earth Stood Still” box office sales reaches a soaring $31 million.

Analysts state that this was the highest rate ever reported on an opening weekend. 12% of the sales were attributed to IMAX. Other theatres made average sales of $8,100, yet each IMAX theatre made approximately $ 30, 800. This indicates that using other studios’ marketing strategies is working. Nonetheless, the organization can still do a lot to change the way it markets its own films.

Additionally, it may also develop its own advertisements for IMAX format Hollywood films. The marketing plan will entail five aspects. The first part of the plan is conducting audience research. The company needs to carry out this aspect in order to know the most effective release dates as well as the best way of reaching their clients (Wasko

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The Asian Tigers Financial Crises Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents An overview of the Asian Tigers financial crises

The Asian tigers’ growth strategy before crisis

The pre-crisis growth strategy

Productivity, human capital, and investments

The consequences of the 1997 Asian Financial Meltdown

Changes in the post-crisis growth strategy

Conclusion

References

An overview of the Asian Tigers financial crises The occurrence of the financial crunch stormed the South East Asia Tigers economies from mid 1997 to early 1998. The world most impressive and highest economic development rates were listed in South East Asian republic of South Korea, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand in the past decades.

From the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the compounded economies of these nations expanded to nine point five percent form six point five percent (6.50%-9.50%). However, owing to the implosion of the currency and local stock bazaars of these countries in the fiscal 1997, the appearance of the Asian wonder came to a sudden stop.

Approximately more than 71.0% worth of stock markets in various Asian Tigers states was lost at a time when the dust of financial crisis started to calm down in early 1998. The frontrunners of these nation states that were at one time full of pride had to humbly strive for an enormous aid from the IMF (Corsetti, Pesenti

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Rumsfeld’s Memo argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

The grotesque fear of terrorism continues to elicit much attention in the public domain, particularly after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on American soil demonstrated that terrorist attacks can no longer be perceived as isolated, far-away, or unavoidably rare events. Various multi-faceted campaigns against terrorism have been ongoing for the past one decade, but opinion remains divided on whether the global war on terrorism is achieving desired outcomes.

By using the popular Rumsfeld memo of 2003 as the basis of this presentation, this paper aims to not only outline some of the metrics showing that the war on terrorism is being won, but also to espouse several recommendations necessary in order to effectively suppress terrorism.

In the memo addressed to a number of military and civilian personnel, Rumsfeld felt that the U.S. initiated war on terrorism was, at best, achieving mixed results. The then secretary of Defense felt that an organization as huge as the DOD was unable to tame the techniques used by contemporary terrorists since it could not change fast enough.

Hence the need to establish a new institution that faultlessly focuses the capacities of several departments and agencies on the challenge of global terrorism (USA Today, 2005). Rumsfeld expressed the need to come up with the right mix of rewards, amnesty, safety and confidence for people who may assist in suppressing terrorism through sharing of information.

To win the war on global terrorism, the secretary also expressed the need for DOD to design new techniques to organize, train, and equip military personnel, the need to develop metrics to show if the U.S. was winning or losing the global war on terrorism, and the need to come up with a broad, integrated plan that could be employed to stop the next generation of terrorists (USA Today, 2005).

The recent killing of Osama bin Laden by American elite forces demonstrates that the war on global terrorism is being won, albeit slowly. Rumsfeld was right in expressing the need to come up with new ways of rewarding and protecting those who provide information about terrorists (USA Today, 2005), as it can be recalled that it is through information sharing that Osama was finally clipped.

By sending more troops to countries that are traditionally known to support terrorist networks (United States Department of Defense, 2006), it can be argued that the U.S. has to some extent succeeded in disempowering terrorism operatives from willingly planning and executing terrorist activities. This is in line with Rumsfeld’s suggestion in the memo that the DOD need to come up with new ways to organize, train and equip its personnel to be successful in the war on global terrorism.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Today, the U.S. still maintains a heavy presence of military personnel in Afghanistan and Iraq, and this strategy has borne fruits in terms of restricting terrorists to have a safe haven from where they can plan and launch terrorist attacks. A number of top-ranking terrorists are either dead or languishing in prisons (Apostolou, n.d.). Consequently, it can be argued that this strategy has succeeded in reducing the terrorists’ scale of planning and executing attacks.

There have been suggestions that the U.S. obsession with Iraq weakened the fight against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan (United States Department of Defense, 2006). Rumsfeld memo is clear that the U.S. need to come up with a broad, integrated plan that could be used to stop the next generation of terrorists (USA Today, 2005).

Such a broad plan, it could be argued, entails targeting terrorist operatives in entirety, not just focusing on one location. The knowledge that Iraq under President Saddam Hussein was a safe haven for terrorist networks is in the public domain. After the U.S. initiated a regime change in Iraq and sustained its efforts to smoke out, capture or kill terrorists in Afghanistan, there has not been a single terrorist attack on U.S. soil since the September 2001 attacks (Gardiner, 2008).

Information sharing among countries committed to fight global terrorism has so far succeeded in stopping the terrorists on their tracks. These are yet other metrics that can be used to show the war on global terrorism is being won, and they can in one way or another be credited to Rumsfeld’s suggestion about the need to come up with broad, integrated plans to stop the new blend of terrorists.

An integrative approach on fighting global terrorism, as suggested by Rumsfeld in the memo, has also succeeded in rallying more counties around the main objective of fighting global terrorism. A metric that can be used to reinforce this assertion is that countries that have been traditionally viewed as offering either moral or material support to the terrorists are now “…tackling the terrorism that lurks within [their] borders” (Apostolou, n.d., p. 2).

This, according to the author, is a point in the right direction. To keep winning the war on global terrorism, the U.S. needs to stay on the offensive and elevate preemptive strikes against terrorist targets with a view to either kill the operatives or keep them on the run (Apostolou, n.d.). Several issues, however, need to be incorporated in the war on global terrorism to keep it on track.

It is known that this war has received much criticism from some quarters due to a lack of clear understanding on its dynamics and challenges (United States Department of Defense, 2006). As such, the U.S. government needs to develop effective communication mechanisms by which the public can be helped to understand the basics and rationale of the conflict (Apostolou, n.d).

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Development of an Online Business Expansion for Mercy Hospital in Miami, Florida Proposal online essay help

Viability of the Product Healthcare is one of the most important aspects of the social life of a human being. Mercy Hospital in Miami, Florida offers a product that is considered a basic need in the lives of people who live around this place, as well as visitors coming from other parts of the world.

Given the fact that Catholic Church owns the hospital under the Augustinian mission, it is expected to serve various clients, some of whom may come from regions outside Florida. Healthcare is very important and various facilities offering this product have come out strongly to improve their services to customers. This product is very sensitive because any little mistake committed by the doctor or a nurse in charge may be fatal.

It is therefore very important for the concerned individuals to use appropriate equipments that would ensure that services delivered to customers are of high quality. This firm has a website that helps it reach out to clients both within Florida and abroad. This website helps in communicating with the clients in order to understand the status of the firm.

The website must reflect the current condition of the firm. It would be illogical for the firm to advance without showing the advancement on its website. It is therefore a necessity for the management to ensure that the website is changed regularly to reflect the status of the firm. According to Salehnia (2002), online business has gained a lot of popularity in the past one decade.

Firms have come to realize that the best way to reach out to customers is through online means. With the changes taking place in the social structure in most societies around the world, women are also becoming breadwinners in their families. This means that most families do not have time to go around shopping for items they need.

They prefer searching for the desired products online while at work or at home. They do not mind the distance because with improved transport means, geographical barriers have been eliminated. When Mercy Hospitals fails to go online, a patient in Florida may fly all the way to Illinois, Chicago, or Alabama for a treatment that would have been offered at this hospital.

Going online is therefore a move that any firm cannot ignore. Marketing is gaining a new approach in the current society. Immediately after the Second World War, most companies had huge markets in the developing countries. The level of competition was very low and firms only worried about production. Marketing was considered a unit in the production department.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Most firms used an inside out approach as a technique of marketing. However, this has changed with the changing environmental factors. Going online has its pros and cons. When a firm makes the decision to go online, there would be extra charges that the firm would have to meet in order to be successful in managing online business.

The cost of hosting and maintaining a website is an extra cost that would have been used elsewhere if this option were not considered. Cyber crimes are other challenges that Mercy Hospital must be ready to deal with. Cyber criminals are increasingly becoming sophisticated. They use advanced technology to hack into sensitive information belonging to the organization.

This can result to massive distortion of information belonging to the firm. They can also add or delete some information on the website, leading to miscommunication between the firm and the targeted audience. Depending on the magnitude of the distortion, the impact would vary. This may injure the image of the firm in the corporate world.

The firm would be tasked with the responsibility of ensuring that the website is protected from intruders. Despite these challenges, online business has become increasingly important to firms, especially in developed countries such as the United States. Most citizens in this country have internet connectivity through their phones or personal computers.

Going online would help a firm reach out to customers who are beyond their immediate environment. It helps in marketing products to individuals around the world. Online business also eliminates the need for a physical facility in every part of the city. Clients could easily communicate with the firm online and then fly to the firm’s facility. Alternatively, a doctor could be sent as may be appropriate.

Current Online Competitor Assessment Baptist Health in South Florida is one of the rivals of Mercy Hospital. The market place has shifted attention to e-business as a way of expanding growth. Competition is so stiff in the market to an extent that any slight misstep may lead to a closure of a firm permanently. Firms are therefore forced to come up with mechanisms through which they could remain competitive in the market.

Just like Mercy Hospital, Baptist Health is sponsored by a church. This means that none of the two firms may claim to have a competitive edge over the other because of their sponsors. Other firms within this region boast of state-of-the-art facilities in their hospitals. The firms have gone online. In this regard, Baptist Health is keen on attracting online customers.

We will write a custom Proposal on Development of an Online Business Expansion for Mercy Hospital in Miami, Florida specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More With a phone or a personal computer with internet connectivity, a customer could easily get in touch with a doctor and get his case resolved. Mercy Hospital enjoys the fact that there are no other major hospitals in Miami marketing themselves to international clients. Narrowing down the region to Miami area leaves Mercy Hospital with three closest competitors.

The competitors are Shiners International, International Florida Hospital, and International Program Broward Health. The main economic activity in Miami is tourism. International tourists from various corners of the world always visit this city throughout the year. It is common that weather changes always have an impact on the health of tourists.

They therefore always try to ensure that they get a hospital where they could be attended to when in this city. Mercy Hospital operates internationally. The hospital has travel specialists who coordinate the entry of visitors into the country, assist patients to make bookings, conduct interpretation if there is need, and ensure that patients get up to date services in this hospital.

Mercy Hospital faces a challenge from three competitors who have developed their websites and can now reach out to the online clients. The firms include Shiners International, International Florida Hospital, and International Program Broward Health. International Florida Hospital has a website that explains various facts about the firm. Moreover, the customer could access the facility through the help of professionals.

However, it lacks a number of important ingredients. The website lacks enough graphics that could help convince clients to make the hospital their preferred choice. The case is the same with International Program Broward Health. However, Shiners international has made an effort to develop a good website that could attract clients. However, the facility only serves children.

The competitors of Mercy Hospitals are health facilities within the entire Florida, and more specifically in Miami. These firms share some the general objectives concerning conducting business online. The following are some of these objectives.

Ability to develop a strong social media marketing techniques

Ability of customers to pay for the products they plan to purchase online

Ability to have a system that is interactive with the customers

The need to grow and capture international markets

Online Marketing Suggestions and Strategies The target market for Mercy Hospital varies in their demographic qualities. Although the hospital has a large customer base from local residents of Miami and the larger Florida, a good number of customers of this hospital are travelers. The hospital receives a high number of travelers who come from various regions around the world and need medical attention while on vacation.

These clients are international patients who require care in the United States. Some of the areas where this firm has received a large number of international patients include cardiac complications, orthopedics, cancer, rehabilitation, and behavioral health. The firm has received an influx of international clients who believe that the hospital has the best capacity to offer them solutions to their problems.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Development of an Online Business Expansion for Mercy Hospital in Miami, Florida by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This hospital has decided to take care of patients in this area because they are the main customers of this facility. The services can also be marketed in the international market easily. Cardiac complication is very sensitive and various hospitals around the world have shied away from offering its treatment. It requires state-of-the-art machines in order to be successful.

This makes Mercy Hospital one of the few hospitals that offer this service. Cancer infections are also on the rise globally. Treatment of cancer is also delicate and very expensive. The management decided to focus on these complex diseases because of the limited facilities that offer its treatment. Most of the travelers who come to Miami have the capacity to pay for the expensive cost of treating these complex diseases.

Developing a competitive advantage is one of the important achievements in a business setting. It helps a business unit to show up above others implying that it would be perceived as an organization that has the capability to provide customers with pleasure in the best way possible. As stated above, the target audiences are travelers who come to Miami as travelers, as well as the residents of Florida.

The hospital targets the middle and upper class individuals who have the capacity to afford the high cost that the firm charges. Mercy Hospital has made an effort to ensure that it can attract potential clients from various regions across the world. Product proposition is always the best way that a firm could acquire a special niche in the market and stand out as the best firm.

To manage this, Mercy Hospital should focus on the quality of the services they provide other than the cost. It should use social media alongside mass media in reaching out to the customers. This way, it would be appealing to the middle and upper class clients who could pay premium prices for better healthcare. To improve customer experience, the management should consider offering recreational services to both the patients and their families when they visit the facility.

Miami is one of the most preferred recreational centers in the world. Patients and their families should experience this even when under medication. When making changes on the website, it is important to let customers and even non-customers know about it. They should be informed about the added quality following the changes made.

A number of online strategies that a firm could use to let customers know about these changes exist (Salehnia, 2002). Search engine optimization is one of the best online strategies that a firm could use to reach out to the customers with this news. In this strategy, the firm will need to create product-specific page with all the new features and the desired communication to the target audience.

The page should have necessary photos and various other features that are distinct from the previous website. The firm should ensure that the page is coded appropriately for search, with key words, header text, title tags, and unique URL. This would benefit the firm because those who would key-in the key words would be directed to this site, and this would be a form of advertisement.

To the customers, it would easily allow them access to important information about their firm without struggling to look for the changes. Another good approach is by using e-mail marketing. This strategy is appropriate when dealing with customers that have close relationship with the firm. In this strategy, the firm would develop appropriate messages concerning the changes made on the product.

The firm would then select customers and other specific individuals who should be receiving the message. The firm would then send a message to these individuals via their e-mails over the changes made on the website. This strategy is very beneficial to both the firm and the customers. To the firm, the management would be assured that the message would reach the target audience.

It also helps the firm assure its customers that it cares about them by sending them a message about changes made. The customer will benefit from the fact that the message will reach him or her promptly. Online advertising is another strategy that can be used to inform the target audience of the changes that could have taken place within the firm.

Such tools as Google Ad Words could be useful in reaching out to the target audience directly. This strategy is always very useful when the firm targets a large target audience. The marketing department should conduct a research and determine blogs, which are most widely read in that particular industry. The firm would benefit from this move because it would not only be developing a relationship with the customers, but also helping the firm develop a close relationship with the bloggers.

A social network form is another attractive strategy through which this firm could reach out to the target audience. The world is changing very fast due to the changes brought about by advanced technologies. Smartphone and personal computers have become basic items in the lives of many youths. Many youths visit various social sites on a daily basis.

Facebook has a fan base of more than one billion people. This cuts across various demographic spaces, with a majority being youths from various social statuses. YouTube has almost a similar number of users, with over eight hundred others on Tweeter. Various individuals use other social sites.

When a firm makes a decision to use this site, it would be certain that it would be in a position to reach out to a large number of people through these networks. Customers would also be able to reach out to this information with a lot of ease. They could get the message from friends who are also on Facebook.

Search Engine Consideration and Optimization Strategies Building of links is very important. According to Kidd and Stanford (2000), it is always important to understand the concept of link building in order to ensure that popularity of a link is upgraded instead of being degraded. It is important to ensure that the number and quality of links pointing towards the website are highly maintained.

The ultimate aim is to ensure that the traffic into the website is kept as high as could be possible. In order to increase popularity of a webpage, it would be important to consider raising the graph with the relevant search engine. Search engine optimization is very important. The ultimate aim of any firm across the world is to ensure that it is able to develop a webpage that could be accessed by a large number of people.

However, it is important to appreciate the fact that firms find it extremely difficult to obtain this attention on their website. For instance, the key word for this firm is Mercy Hospital. When an individual searches this key word through Google, various hospitals with the Name Mercy Hospital appears, including Mercy Medical Center in Springfield, Massachusetts.

Mercy Hospital in Miami, Florida would be concerned about the fact that Mercy Medical Center is given priority when one uses the key word Mercy Hospital. Using the key word Mercy Hospital would not direct an individual to the web page of this firm easily, unless one adds the word ‘Miami’. The question that concerned individuals at Mercy Hospital in Miami is how Mercy Medical Center has come to dominate the search engine.

By answering this question, it becomes easy for the firm to consider coming up with strategies for optimization of the search engine. The first strategy is to improve the suitability of the stuff that is directed to the readers. It is important to appreciate the fact that there are millions of websites available through various search engines.

The first determinant of whether or not there would be traffic to a certain website is the popularity of the stuff directed to the readers. The readers must find the stuff attractive to them in order to ignore other sites and visit this particular site. This means that the firm must first ensure that the product targeted to customers is attractive.

The firm should then use attractive key words to direct customers to their websites. Such words for Mercy Hospital may include ‘the best healthcare’, ‘world class treatment’ and many others. This would help in ensuring that that the firm’s website would always be found on the first or second page of search engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Bing. Once on the website, an individual should be able to find attractive content on the website.

This should include graphics that show the facilities and the team in this firm. To the company, the strategy would increase traffic on the site, making the firm known widely. To the customer, they would benefit from the fact that they would be able to access their desired site without having to navigate a large volume of irrelevant materials.

Another strategy would be to use social media websites to promote a firm’s own website. The ultimate aim of this firm is to ensure that as many people as possible will access the website. A potential client may not have the slightest idea that there is an excellent hospital in Miami called Mercy Hospital. Social media will provide an opportunity for the firm to make the name of the hospital be known.

Such social media websites as Facebook, YouTube, and Tweeter will provide the best opportunity for the firm to popularize itself to the target audience. Through these sites, it is possible for the firm to give the readers direct link to its website. The strategy is beneficial to the firm because it allows it to reach over one billion individuals who are on Facebook.

A client who was wondering where he or she could get the best treatment will be relieved when given the details of where to get the service. Using the referral strategy can also help a firm to get the attention needed in the search engines. The value of the referrals cannot be ignored if a firm expects success in drawing attention of viewers. Cyber crime has made people very weary of the information that is available in the search engines.

When a friend or a family member recommends a site, an individual will have a strong trust on the site. Such an individual will ignore any other sites, and focus on the specific site, which was recommended. Viral marketing is an important strategy that various firms have found to be relevant in the market today. This will allow the firm to get individuals who have a purpose of visiting the site.

Turning them into potential clients is easier than those who accidentally bumped into the site. To the firm, this strategy will have a direct bearing on increasing the number of customers. To the customers, the strategy is always trustworthy because a trusted individual has recommended it.

Social Media Integration Social media has become an important tool in marketing a brand and products of a firm. When Facebook was launched about six years ago, many corporate leaders never imagined that it could turn out to be of massive importance in the corporate sector. It was considered as a social network for youths, specifically those who had time to waste in the internet.

However, this perception changed as Facebook continued attractive massive number of people from all corners of the world. With the increased sophistication in the field of technology, most phones became internet enabled just to allow users to access Facebook. Personal computers also became cheaper. Other social media such of YouTube and Tweeter also became common and very popular.

Corporate leaders realized that they could no longer ignore the potential of the social media. They realized that the best way they could reach out for the customers would be through social media. Large multinational corporations such as Coca Cola and Apple moved with speed to reach out for the customers through social media. Social media has found new role other than the initial role it had.

Besides the role of social networking, social media has become a vital tool for firms to market their brands and products. It has enhanced viral marketing as a strategy of increasing customer base of a firm. Currently, a number of social media that firms use as a way of reaching out for the customers exist. They include Facebook, YouTube Tweeter, and MySpace among others.

Facebook has the highest number of subscribers of all the social networks. According to (Holden

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