Introduction It is imperative for an individual to recognize that his or her existence has a meaning, which must achieve fulfillment before he or she dies. This philosophical piece begins by highlighting the value achieved when individuals thinks rationally as they engage in a reflection of the meaning of their life. Secondly, the piece offers an explication of conceptual foundations of human actions and believes.
It further explores the nature of human responsibility towards the realization of one’s full potential. In addition, in this piece, I present my philosophical understanding of the “problem of evil, the existence of God, free will, the mind and body relation, human knowledge and the question of being” (Descartes, Roger
Language Development Analysis Essay custom essay help
Table of Contents Stage I
Though what has led to language and speech difficulties in Autism is yet to be established, many medical practitioners opine that the problem comes as a result of a situation which happened during, after, or before birth period that interfered with brain growth. This problem normally hinders children’s capability to interact with and predict the world. Indeed, the most critical period of language and speech growth is the initial three years of human age.
Actually, this is a crucial period when brain is thought to be growing. Indeed, speech skills normally grow best in areas that are enriched with persistent exposure of interaction with other people. Besides that, communication signs usually happen when children learn that crying actually can cause special attention toward them from parents and people around.
Certainly, it is a time when children become aware of vital sounds or voices from people around them. During the course of the process, children eventually begin to develop sounds that convey whatever they need. At age of six months, children can generate repetitive syllables like “ma” “ma”. Definitely, such jargons improve as age increases.
Brown Roger was a reputed psychologist for his linguistics studies. Brown studied linguistics research upon children. In fact, Brown came up with five stages that analyzed children’s language development. Brown’s analysis was founded upon the Mean of Utterance (MLUm’s) that is the amount of morphemes (essential quantity of meaning) a child can generate. For instance, the word “jump” has a single morpheme, meaning an action. On the other hand, “jumped” has two morphemes, meaning past tense and an action.
Stage I Stage I comprises of children who are aged from twelve to twenty six months old. In this stage, children comprehend simple phrases and begin to conserve few words to convey basic needs. Children exhibit common mistakes in writing, pronunciation and grammar which frequently obstruct meaning.
Moreover, children comprehend simple and brief speech under visual assistance. Children also respond to simple subject-predicate sentences; and can read and write simple sentences. In this stage, children are capable to link an entity with an act, and an action with object. For example, child can say, “mum move”. Indeed, such simple word has no negation. For sequence of objects, children can identify objects by using conjunctions.
Moreover, children who are aged from twenty two to twenty six months are capable to generate whole “subject–verb-object” sentences. Indeed, children are able to link words, also can use progressive words using –“ing”, for instance, “dad reading”. The children can easily use prepositions such as “on”, “in”, etc. Actually, MLUm’s rating of children at stage I is above 1.0 which shows that children are beginning to use multi-morphemic speech.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Stage II The stage II happen to children who are aged between twenty seven to thirty months old in age. Children normally respond and comprehend to simple tasks; and can speak simple sentences and phrases.
Children are able to make choices when given options and exhibit frequent mistakes in writing, pronunciation and grammar which obstruct meaning. Furthermore, children respond to social speech using simple subject-predicate sentences; and can write and read simple sentences using pictures or graphs. Children can comprehend simple speech, though need visual assistance.
Actually, children at this stage are capable to use words such as “wanna” or “gonna”. Indeed, copula normally begins to emerge together with negative sentences such as “can’t” or “don’t”. Moreover, children are able to place negative entities between predicates and negatives. Children are also capable to use interrogative sentences using words like “where” and “what”. Furthermore, children are able to utilize regular plural sentences and irregular past tense, such as “ran”.
Stage III In stage III, children who are aged between thirty one to thirty four months old can comfortably adopt auxiliary verbs when using interrogative and declarative questions. Furthermore, children are able to use auxiliary verbs with copula at end of this stage. Children can converse, write and read simple sentences, and can narrate simple stories and take part in school discussion. Besides that, children can speak with possible grammatical errors; comprehend unfamiliar and usual topics through visual support.
Moreover, children can respond to social speech using complex sentences, and can read and write complex sentences using picture and graphs. Children also exhibit fairly common mistakes in writing, grammar and pronunciation which obstruct meaning. Moreover, children can use conjunctions like “but”, “or”, “so” etc. Besides that, children can use “won’t” in negative sentences. Furthermore, children also adopt regular past tense, articles and possessives when forming sentences.
Stage VI At this stage, children are developing close to indigenous proficiency in English and take part in complex learning tasks with few grammatical mistakes. Children also can exhibit some mistakes in writing, grammar and pronunciation which do not obstruct meaning. Children can comprehend both academic and social speech; though need visual assistance for unusual topics.
Children can respond to academic learning and social speech using complex sentences and developed vocabulary; and can read complex texts through use of pictures and graphs. Moreover, children who are aged between thirty five to forty months old are under this stage. Indeed, children are capable to use double auxiliary verbs in declarative sentences. Actually, children are able to employ such verbs when negating sentences such as “didn’t”, “isn’t” or “doesn’t”.
We will write a custom Essay on Language Development Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Besides that, children are capable to use interrogative sentences using words such as “how” and “when”. Both infinitive and inquiry phrases are comfortably used at the end of sentences and also the use of “because” in order to explain a “cause and impact” of an action. This is the stage when children learn several capabilities which led to development of their pragmatic competences.
Stage V Under this stage, children can write, converse and read English in such a way that resemble indigenous English speakers and take part in school activities actively. Children also can exhibit minimal mistakes in writing, grammar and pronunciation which do not obstruct meaning.
Children can effectively communicate using broad range of topics, and can comprehend both academic and social speech effectively. Furthermore, children can respond to academic learning and social speech using variety of sentences and enriched vocabulary; and can independently write and read technical text. Indeed, these are children who are aged between forty-one to forty-six months old; are able to employ indirect objects in sentences.
Actually, children are capable to use “shouldn’t”, “wasn’t”, wouldn’t” etc. In fact, children are able to use relative clauses to form complex sentences. Certainly, both regular and irregular third persons are easily used when forming sentences. Furthermore, children have enhanced speech and also learn vital concept like third person pronouns which develop their pragmatic capabilities.
Language Development Brown’s language analysis offered a comprehensive structure in predicting and knowing the course which growth of expressive language normally takes. Indeed, syntax and morphology are common terms that are used by language psychologists when performing structural psychotherapy of children’s speech.
Actually, this particular language development analysis includes examination of child’s progress in aspect such as “pronunciation clarity” and “speech sound”. Indeed, such analysis looks into phonetic assessment; how children generate “speech sound”. Moreover, phonological assessment is also analyzed in terms of the manner sounds are structured.
Indeed, morphology is a linguistics concept that is a branch of grammar which is committed to study framework of words, basically through adoption of morpheme construct. Actually, morphology is a different concept from syntax. Indeed, syntax is a linguistic term that studies regulation which governs word linkages in order to build sentences. Definitely, this is how syntax and morphology are different. Besides that, morpheme refers to the unit of word meaning.
Nevertheless, this is not associated with syllable count or word count of speech. Indeed, the following is an illustration of how morpheme can be counted. For example, the word “happy” is only one word that has two syllables. In fact, happy only has one unit of meaning. Therefore it has only one morpheme. On the other hand, unhappy is one word though is has three syllables, which is “un”-“ha”-“ppy”.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Language Development Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Actually unhappy has two morphemes; this is “un” and “happy”. Moreover, unhappily is just a single word, that has four syllables, such has un-happy-i-ily. Unhappily is a word that has three morpheme, “un”, “happy” and “ly”. Besides that unhappiest is only one word, that has four syllables but with three morphemes. For example, a sentence like, “Mary encounters the unhappiest girls” is a sentence that has five words, containing eight syllables and nine morphemes: “Mary” “encounter’-“s” “the” “un”-“happi”-“est” “girl”-“s”.
Conclusion The MLUm (Mean Length of Utterance measured in Morphemes) is a technique that measures competence of children’s morphemes. For example, children aged between fifteen to thirty months have 1.75 morphemes. Actually, it is important to note that as MLUm progress, the level language generated also increases. This is to say that as MLUm develops, children’s competence to use and know grammatical structures also progresses.
The Goal of Obtaining a Degree is Not Worthwhile for All Students Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Why A Four-Year College Degree is Not Worthwhile
An Answer to Rebuttals
We live in an information age. The world’s reward system operates pragmatically. People get job rewards based on their economic value to organizations. As firms get more competitive in an information age, automation becomes the alternative for cutting costs. Every day, more graduate positions in industries are getting lost.
Newer positions appear that require a higher level of education qualification. However, the new job positions do not necessary pay more than the graduate posts, which they replace. The return on investment for a four-year college degree is very low or sometimes, absent. Forgoing college to pursue learning on the job or getting a shorter program is a cheap and rational option.
Why A Four-Year College Degree is Not Worthwhile The success rate of a job-seeking college graduate depends on their human relationship skill and societal status. When the person lacks inherent abilities to acquire knowledge through learning and training, in college and on the job, he or she has little use of a four-year degree (Greenberg, Weinstein and Sweeney 13). A well-networked individual with the right amount of wealth to support his or her job-seeking endeavors is more likely to get a job compared to a college graduate with honors, but without the necessary network.
On the other hand, having a college degree kills the entrepreneurial spirit of most people and renders them poorly equipped to navigate the tough waters to a successful career. When you get a job because of your college degree, but lack the necessary drive and skill to maneuver the professional landscape, it is likely that you will remain in the same job for a very long time. People need life skills like relationship building, marketing and networking more than they need a four-year college degree qualification.
The degree ties a person to the need of getting a relevant job in the particular field of study. It serves a person well when there are many jobs in an industry. In such a case, the degree would be an investment. However, the lack of jobs, in particular, makes the education investment an unnecessary cost.
Many, who hail the need for a college degree, quote the high chances, of a graduate job seeker, of getting a job. What they fail to say is how the number of jobs for a particular industry diminishes with changes in business environments. Carnevale, Cheah and Strohl (2) mention that, the risk of unemployment for graduates recently out of college now depends on their study major.
They say that the unemployment rate for architecture graduates was the highest at 13.9 percent in 2011. The figure is higher than the average of all graduates, which is 8.9 percent. For a person going to study architecture because of the relatively low unemployment rate of all college graduates, the actual figure will be shocking. The most unfortunate thing is that the graduate will realize the truth after they finish their four years and start looking for jobs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While college graduates may actually have stronger chances of employment, they have to put up with compensation levels that do not match their degree investments. Yes, it is true that, graduates have a higher employability rate compared to high school leavers. It happens for occupations in Healthcare, Education and other technical occupations. Wages in the relatively stable occupations depend on the performance of the economy.
It is difficult to get a pay rise in the healthcare industry unless a person has many years of experience. For new employees, getting an increase requires them to get additional qualifications. Unfortunately, degree cost increase yearly as colleges increase their fees as their research costs increase.
On the other hand, organizations seek to reduce their wage bill by freezing salary increases, when their business environment becomes tough. The hurdles continue to increase the repayment period of a college degree. The burgeoning question is whether it is worthy to spend a fortune in time and money and then work for more than ten years to repay back the money (Coughlan 169). The economics of a college degree is skewed in favor of alternative investments, which promise a higher return.
There are alternatives for a four-year degree program. They are cheaper, shorter and deliver more in quality than college degrees. Foregoing college opens a person to various opportunities for education, at a fraction of the cost of a college degree. The problem with four-year degrees is the one-size-fits-all treatment (Brennan 64). Students have different optimal duration and setups for learning. The universal system only serves those who are naturally inclined towards it.
Moreover, some learning opportunities, outside college, are worth a fortune in terms of their return to investment. Holzer and Nightingale (72) show that, people choosing to go for apprenticeship earn up to US $1900 more per quarter compared to their counterparts choosing the state employment service, which depends on their degree qualification. Furthermore, those who finish the intern programs increase their earning to nearly US $ 4300 per quarter.
Various non-four year courses are available, which help people become proficient in financial management, prospecting, marketing and sales. The courses do more in influencing real skills to people compared to four-year degrees. First, they are highly pragmatically. Students see results immediately they complete the courses. When the results do not appear instantly, the costs are relatively low and recoupable in a shorter period, than it would take to pay back a four-year college degree.
Four-year college degrees are risky investments; they lack a high quality assurance (Nemko para.12). Other than the job training, college degrees should prepare students for opportunities that would build their careers. Very few college plans give students the additional benefits of surviving in a collapsing job market.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Goal of Obtaining a Degree is Not Worthwhile for All Students specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The high number of parallel coaches and material available to help students navigate a tough job market shows that, there is a need, which colleges are not filling. College-degrees were most suited for the industrial age where production depended more on a given number of skills set and a large pool of labor. Nowadays, technological and human capital, lead the economic competitiveness of a firm.
Many college-degree programs are academic-based. They teach people how to develop and operate technology. Very few focus on the career and choose a learning approach, within an appropriate context, to show the student how to increase capital by harnessing the skill and technology rather than learning how it works (Holzer and Nightingale 83). Thus, we see college graduates going back to school to learn how to use additional computer programs, as a way of making them competitive in the job market.
On the other hand, their counterparts learn how to use the same program to fill a need in their current job or business. We can determine that the job-seeking mentality of the four-year college graduate is the worst effect of a college degree. The truth is that, the four years spent in college is too much time to study a job whose skill set requirements change annually (Murray para.12). A sure career path would be, to spend less time in school and more on the actual job.
An Answer to Rebuttals Many studies show that college degree holders have a high employability rate. Unfortunately, such studies fail to look into the long-term dynamics of the job market and the economy.
Government spending priorities affect the employment opportunities in the public sector. When budget cuts occur in a particular expenditure item such as education, then there will be expected cutbacks in the employment of fresh college graduates with education majors.
Other than cutting back on new employment, budget cuts also lead to the stagnation of salary increases. During recessive times, the cost of living spikes up and employees lose much of their disposable incomes to inflation. Many who are tied to the repayment of student loans have to reschedule their repayment period and incur additional interest payments (Coughlan 169).
The unfortunate thing is that even after recessions end, and the economy experiences a boom; the college graduates in fixed employment enjoy little in terms of salary increases. Much of their career progress equates their level of qualification. They have to incur an additional cost in time and money investments on new qualifications. However, when they eventually get the added qualification, the presently desired benefits may have diminished.
In addition to the previous paragraph’s point, economic growth and recession dynamics squeeze most benefits that should attract many to four-year qualifications. Looking at the private sector, the same effect, as in the public sector mentioned above, is also visible. Firing and hiring in non-public organizations occur faster compared to state corporations.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Goal of Obtaining a Degree is Not Worthwhile for All Students by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The high employee turnover puts question marks on the figures showing elevated employability rates for college graduates. Many people out of college get employment in various industries that are enjoying a boom. In a few years, the tables turn and the same industry will witness massive layoff, as economic fundamentals of demand and supply adjust to equilibrium. It would be argued that the college graduate has a better footing for finding another job compared to the non-college graduates.
Nonetheless, the professionalism of the graduate will limit their career choices. Moreover, they have to incur an additional cost of unlearning their degree to change careers. The flexibility of a non-graduate affords them the opportunity cost of losing their present jobs. As long as they have the necessary people skills and proper financial management wits, their navigation of the job market will mostly be successful.
Conclusion People spend four years in colleges to learn things that already happened. They have to deal with complex subjects that would only be practically helpful if they pursue technical careers. Most of these people will do better with a practical skill learned from a two-year course or other skill certifications from an alternative learning institution.
Moreover, they could undertake a certification course in one of their talent areas and proceed to learn more as an intern. The alternative method is very cheap and has practical benefits that make the student more recession proof than his or her four-year degree holder does.
Works Cited Brennan, John F. “Why Not More Three-Year College Degrees?” University Business 7.8 (2004): 64-64. Ebscohost. Web.
Carnevale, Anthony P., Ban Cheah and Jeff Strohl. “Hard Times, College Majors, Unemployment and Earnings: Not All College Degrees Are Created Equal.” Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce. 2012. Ebscohost. Web.
Coughlan, Sean. The Student Finance Guide: Fees, Grants and What It Costs. London, UK: Kogan Page Limited, 2005. Print.
Greenberg, Herbert, Harold Weinstein and Patrick Sweeney. How to Hire and Develop Your Next Top Performer: The Five Qualities That Make Sales People Great. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2001. Print.
Holzer, Harry and Demetra S Nightingale. Reshaping The American Workforce in a Changing Economy. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press, 2007. Print.
Murray, Charles. Should The Obama Generation Drop Out?. 7 December 2008. Web. .
Nemko, Marty. America’s Most Overrated Product: The Bachelor’s Degree (From The Chronicle of Higher Education). 29 April 2008. Web.
Severn Suzuki’s Effective Speech Essay writing essay help
Table of Contents Setting
Type of Delivery and Persuasive Choices
Proposition and Reasoning
Setting The speech under discussion is the speech delivered by Severn Suzuki at UN Summit 1992 (“Severn Suzuki”). The audience was not homogeneous; it was a large group of representatives of different countries of the world. Importantly, the speaker and the audience shared common ground as all participants were children once.
Since this was an international conference, the sound system was appropriate. The setting made the girl’s speech even more effective, as it was really uncommon to listen to a twelve-year-old at such a conference. Her speech made adult people listen to the speaker very attentively as the girl’s speech was simple and inspiring.
Type of Delivery and Persuasive Choices The speaker used manuscript delivery. This contributed to the effectiveness of the speech. Adult listeners saw that the problems discussed were really important as even children had to get ready for such an important event and deliver a speech just like any other adult representative.
Notably, Severn made the right persuasive choices. First of all, the speaker took into account the type of audience. The girl’s word choices proved that the speaker appealed to adult listeners (Standard English which was appropriate), she emphasized that the listeners are those who should make a difference, in the first place. The girl used star pattern to reveal her idea. Thus, the girl used different rather independent points to draw a specific conclusion.
As for persuasive means, Severn resorted to hypothetical examples, comparisons and analogy. The girl compared her life with other children’s lives; she also contemplated her hypothetical life in less privileged conditions. Seemingly, there was some sort of redundancy of the speaker’s claims concerning her age.
However, numerous references to the speaker’s age made the speech more expressive and more meaningful. Adult participants of the conference had to face the fact that children were concerned with serious issues. In other words, the speaker made the audience understand that adults were stealing childhood from children. All these means made the speaker’s speech expressive and even inspiring.
Proposition and Reasoning The girl’s proposition was clear and appealing. It is necessary to note that the organization of her speech was concise and effective. Severn made a strong introduction as she emphasized that they, children, raised funds to address adult people at the conference. The speaker proceeded with particular examples to support her statements.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Notably, the speaker does not refer to specific secondary sources. However, her speech was full of specific examples and hypothetical examples. Finally, the speaker stressed that they were only children so adults were responsible for coming up with solutions.
Strong Ending It is important to note that the speech in question has a very strong ending. Thus, the girl addressed the audience, adults, with direct questions which could not possibly be ignored. The girl made the audience understand that the adults were responsible for the future of humanity. In fact, the girl also used loaded questions which also made participants think of the past and the future of the planet. Of course, this strong ending made the speech effective.
Conclusion To sum up, Severn Suzuki delivered her speech which was full of various persuasive means. The speech was effective as the girl managed to use persuasive means properly. At that, the age of the girl made the audience listen to her carefully and think about issues she mentioned.
Works Cited “Severn Suzuki Speech at UN Earth Summit 1992 Tell the World”. YouTube, 18 May 2008. Video file. Web. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EaOJrJ_oqFU
Planning and Reviewing of an Identity Theft Case Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
The planning and evaluation process of the identity theft case against the university professor will require several action steps. The actions that will be taken to recover the identity of the university professor will depend on the nature of the identity theft and the fraud committed.
The first step will be to request the professor to confirm the presence of any anomalies in his monthly statements. If he observes any anomalies on his credit cards statements, or financial reports, he will be advised to inform his credit agencies immediately (Dadisho, 2005).
The second action plan will depend on the errors detected in the professor’s monthly credit cards statements. Once the professor reports any anomaly, and the fraud team concludes there are grounds to believe a fraud has taken place, the fraud team will recommend to the professor that he files a preliminary fraud alert with his credit cards companies, or other agencies that deal with identity theft. He will also be asked to confirm his accounts details with these companies (Dadisho, 2005).
Once a fraud is confirmed, the professor will be advised to file a protest form with the trade agency and an identity theft statement with the local law enforcement unit. Following this step, the professor will be instructed to make several copies of the police report and preserve the originals in a secure place. These documents will facilitate the investigation process (FBI, 2012).
Depending on the nature of the identity theft, the professor will be advised to contemplate a second fraud notification. This type of alert lasts seven years. It obliges creditors to contact the professor in-person prior to opening new accounts. This final step helps creditors authenticate the identity of the person opening an account with them. This minimizes the chances of an identity theft (FBI, 2012).
How to Stop or Minimize Identity Theft It is possible to stop or minimize identity theft. This argument is confirmed by the B. J. Thomas case. Miss Thomas lost 65,000 dollars in identity theft. A Federal Bureau of Investigation agent K. Barrows managed to solve this case, which was one of Americas’ long running fraud cases (O’brien, 2004).
With the advent and increase in identity theft cases in modern years, major credit agencies across the world such as Equifax and Experian, began recommending credit supervision and personality fraud facilities to their customers for a fee (Roberson, 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Recommendations I would recommend several measures to prevent and minimize odds of fraud as a result of identity theft. First, I would recommend close monitoring of credit cards. Given that credit card statements contain transactions history, watchful credit card users can observe anomalies in their transactions. In view of this, credit users may need to subscribe to identity theft monitoring services, as an additional safety measure.
Second, people should be advised to preserve their financial transactions data and review their monthly statements regularly to identify errors and anomalies in the statements. Third, people have to invest and install defense softwares in their computers. In addition, they should keep these computer applications updated, to protect against online hackers and other pilfering computer applications (Mitic, 2009).
I would also recommend to people to avoid sharing documents with private information, they be cautious of strange email with attachments and active links, they keep personal documents with sensitive data such as credit card numbers and bank account numbers protected and they stay informed about modern day frauds (Mitic, 2009).
References Dadisho, E. (2005). Identity Theft and the Police Response: The Problem. Web.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2012). A stolen identity is a powerful cloak of anonymity for criminals, terrorists, and a danger to national security and private citizens alike. Web.
Mitic, S. (2009). Stopping Identity Theft: 10 Easy Steps to Security. Berkeley, California: Nolo.
O’brien, T. L. (2004). Identity Theft Is Epidemic. Can It Be Stopped? The New York Times, p. 1.
We will write a custom Essay on Planning and Reviewing of an Identity Theft Case specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Roberson, C. (2008). Identity Theft Investigations. New York: Kaplan Publishing.
A Sculpture as a Three Dimensional Visual Art Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction A sculpture is a three dimensional visual art that is designed by shaping hard and soft materials, such as wood, metals, glass, clay and polymers, into the desired shapes and designs. The designs may be made in form of freestanding objects in reliefs or other types of surfaces.
The word sculpture is not fixed to any prescribed artistic form of set of activities; it is rather used to refer to a growing and continually evolving range of activities and sets of art forms. There are two broad categories of sculptures: round and relief. The former refers to a separate, detached artwork in its own right, resulting in an independent, freestanding existence in space, such as a table, or an animal sculpture.
In contrast, a relief does not exist on its own because it is attached to or forms a central part of something else that acts either as a background or as a medium from which it arises (Curtis 56). Of these two broad categories, there are four basic methods of sculpture: carving, casting, modeling, and assembling. These processes are either additive whereby material is added, or subtractive, whereby material is removed.
Carving This is one the oldest techniques that have been used to produce sculptures. In this process, the sculptor cuts or chips away materials from a hard material into a desired form. Carving is a subtractive process since material is removed from the original block of material. The most commonly used materials are wood, stones, plaster or ice. The main setback in this process is that if a lot of material is removed, the design might not come out the way it was expected because it is a subtraction process.
Moses by Michelangelo Buonarroti, 1513-1515.
This carving was made on a marble medium between 1513 and 1515. It shows the biblical Moses with horns on his forehead. This is based on the description of Moses as he came from the mountain after talking with God. It is freestanding form of art with a clearly defined outline. There is enough evidence of the type of material used by the sculptor owing to its shiny surface. Michelangelo could have possibly used clay due to the minute details required in various parts of this carving. However, for an expert sculptor, marble is the best medium.
Casting This is a process where one and/or more copies of a sculpture are produced. It is an additive process whereby material is melted down, then poured into a mold and left to harden. Usually, a sculpture is modeled, then covered with a melted mold material and left to cool; after cooling, the mold is then separated to reveal the actual sculpture. The process can be repeated many times. After the mold has dried, some finishing work is done on the sculpture to remove mold lines and smoothen rough edges.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial by Rachel Whiteread, 2000.
This casting stands in Vienna and is made to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust. It was built using steel and concrete. The surface of the artwork depicts library shelves turned inside out with the book spines facing the inside and hence obscured. Consequently, the titles of the books are not known. Due to the uniformity required in bringing out the details of the numerous ‘books’ used in the sculpture, casting turns out to be the best method.
Modeling Modeling is an additive process in which a soft material is worked on to create a desired shape. Typical materials used for this process include clay, wax, and cement. The sculptor adds soft material little by little to build up or produce a finished artwork.
This process requires soft material that can later be fired to harden it (Chaney 130). As much as it is an additive process, subtraction is often used to achieve the desired shape unlike carving where subtraction is the only process. While modeling, a framework is required to bear a soft modeling material which otherwise will loose its shape.
Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse by Auguste Rodin, 1882.
This artwork was produced from terra cotta. Unlike marble based sculptures, this art form does not have a smooth surface, however, it has a clearly defined outline with a lot of details. The bust is free standing. Due to the numerous details in this sculpture, terra cotta is the best surface as it gives the sculptor the flexibility to add more details and to correct any errors.
Assembling Assembling is an additive process whereby a sculpture is constructed by combining existing objects, shapes or materials to one another into a complete art work. In this process, the objects are shown in a new dimension through assembling different collection of shapes.
We will write a custom Essay on A Sculpture as a Three Dimensional Visual Art specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Canyon, by Robert Rauschenberg, 1959.
This sculpture is made out of various materials; in the background, there is a painting, while in the foreground, we observe a three dimensional picture of an eagle ‘flying’ towards the viewer. A small bag also hangs from the painting. None of the objects used in this sculpture is free standing as they all depend on one another. The medium chosen for the sculpture is the best as it makes the artwork look like real.
Works Cited Chaney, Sheldon. Sculpture of the World: A history, The Viking Press, New York, 1968. Print.
Curtis, Penelpoe. Taking Positions: Figurative Sculpture and the Third Reich, London: Henry Moore Institute, 2002. Print.
“Effects of Sex Education on Adolescent Behavior” by Deborah Dawson Essay writing essay help
Sex education refers to the process in a human life where one acquires information and forms, values, attitudes and beliefs about intimacy, identity and relationships. It includes reproductive health, sexual development, affection, relationships amongst people, roles of different genders and body image. It addresses all aspects of life; psychological, spiritual, social and cultural dimensions.
The article on “Effects of sex education on adolescent behavior” by Deborah Dawson gives different percentages of adolescents in regard to the type of sex information they receive in United States of America; especially on pregnancy and contraceptives. It is a professional journal on sex education. The main effect of sex education on adolescent behavior is reduced adolescent pregnancies and induced abortions.
I like this article because it emphasizes the need to educate the adolescents on sexual issues. The article is an excellent piece of work. I believe sex education impacts greatly on adolescents. Sex education is the tool to ensure the change of attitudes and thoughts amongst teenagers concerning sex, pregnancy and birth control. Sex education helps the participants to gain knowledge on their reproductive health and methods of birth control.
Sex education is essential to adolescents. It changes their attitude towards other people’s sexual behavior. It is important to measure the behavioral impacts of sex education. I think the program has great effect on values and attitude of teenagers in regards to sex.
Somehow the program could be having no impact on levels of sexual activity amongst teens. All the same, sex education has increased the sense of responsibility among teenagers. There is a positive relationship between use of contraceptives and sex education, which in my view shows responsibility.
I believe the levels of sexual activity may remain high, but sex education helps in reducing cases of teenage pregnancy and abortions. The article is an excellent piece of work, but it has a few gaps. The sex education program presented in this case is more of theory than interactive. Students should play active roles, be involved in groups and watch videos for them to see the reality. This will improve its effectiveness.
Daniel Wight’s article on “Limits of teacher delivered sex education” highlights some of the challenges which face sex education program in schools. In his study he involves 25 schools in East Scotland with and his main objective was to establish whether sex education delivered in schools or by teachers’ reduced unsafe sexual intercourse among adolescents.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I like this article because it offers a comprehensive report on limitations of sex education offered at schools. I adolescents spend most of their time at school, which means that teachers should ac like guardians. Also teachers should be able to deliver sex education effectively.
The main aim of sex education in schools is to reduce cases of risky sexual behavior among adolescents. The quality of education they get matters most. Such gaps in delivering of sex education calls for other interventions like SHARE which means; Sexual Health Relationships: Safe, Happy and Responsible.
In my opinion I would encourage such a programme to complement the school based curriculum. The program proves to be more effective in improving the quality of sexual relationships, reducing unsafe sexual activities and unwanted pregnancies. Sex education should not be a theoretical class work only, but should take a pro-active view in order to be effective.
Effective sex education program includes, working in small groups and games, providing sexual health leaflets, using interactive video and playing of different roles in order to develop skills. Including all these aspects in the program ensures that the program is effective.
When the interactive program is put in practice, a considerable change of behavior is noticed. This is an excellent article to close up the gaps occurring in sex education delivered by teachers. It shows how delivering of sex education has changed and the results which come with the changes.
Works Cited Dawson, D. (1986). The effects of sex education on adolescent behavior. Family Planning Perspectives, 162-170. Print
Wight, D., Raab, G., Henderson, M., Abraham, C., Buston, K., Hart, G.
History and Strategies in the Respironics Limited Case Study best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Respironics limited was started as a sole proprietorship business in 1976 at Murrysville, Pennsylvania, USA. The company started as a surgical masks manufacturer for the delivery of anesthesia but currently, it is a market leader, a designer and a manufacturer of medical tools. It relies on market foresight, teaming and learning agility for the achievement of its vision.
Under sleep and respiratory products, first, the company relies on research and development for innovative products like diagnostic tools for problem sleepers, pill dislikers and solution seekers. Moreover, the firm has also increased its footage on mergers, takeovers and diversification strategies to increase its product range.
Secondly, under respiratory drug delivery, Respironics has relied on technological partnerships and diversification to distribute and market its products like Aerogens. The company has also increased its licensing agreement with same level businesses to widen its product range and improve service provision.
Thirdly, under children’s medical products, the company has increased its acquisitions of target firms like Healthdyne; Novametrix and Omni Therm Inc. Also, the company is offering simulation exercises for hospital workers to increase their knowledge and experience about neonatal intensive care unit. In addition, the company has introduced colouring and activities book to enhance training of medical practitioners on the effective use of its nebulizer product.
Finally, on international markets, the company has increased its presence within Denmark, Norway, China, and Japan which has the potential of increasing its revenue base. Specifically in Japanese, the company has opened sleep and respiratory therapy centre to perfect training of physicians in order to enhance correct diagnosis and treatment.
Significant Problems of Respironics
First, the company faces numerous internal financial difficulties. This has lowered its research and development initiatives in this technology demanding field. In fact, this has resulted in reduction of its share prices to U.S. $32.66 per share in 2006 representing 23.96 percent decrease from 2005 values. This decrease might lower the company borrowing plans.
Second limitation is the continuous patent and legal battles. For instance, in 1997, Respironics was involved in legal tussles with its bitter rival ResMed limited over patent infringement. Also in 1999, the company filed a patent infringement case against Invacare concerning SoftX technology which they claimed was a copyright of its C-Flex technology. Again, in 2005, the company recalled almost172,000 Humidifiers valued at U.S. $ 5 million. This was likely to result in legal battles with the quality conscious customers’ thereby huge loss.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third, there exists stiff competition within the industry. The main rivals being ResMed Inc. (California); Fisher
Threats to water availability in Canada Essay (Article) essay help free
Access to safe water for a healthy life is a major requirement for people in the world today. Although Canada is seen as a country with abundance of water resources, its population is the highest water consumer in the world causing a threat to its freshwater (Environment Canada 1).
A larger portion of the Canadian population is concentrated in urban areas but many freshwater rivers flow towards the northern side, which is the opposite direction from the populated regions. In Canada, water is valuable and it contributes an income of around $7.5 to $23 billion every year (Environment Canada 3). Currently, most water sources are under pressure due to growing domestic demand of freshwater in Canada. This paper outlines the crisis of freshwater supply faced by Canada.
Agriculture is the highest water consumer and it is estimated that out of the total water consumption in Canada, 70 percent is used for Agriculture (Environment Canada 37). In addition to this, urbanization is another major reason why freshwater supply is reducing rapidly.
At present, there is a lot of construction work going on in Canada and as a result, urban and residential are consuming a lot of water causing increase in water demand. The more worrying news is that changing climatic trends may cause more pressure on the water resources and worsen the situation. In fact, scientists have estimated that droughts may increase in the future threatening fresh water sources (Stanford 15).
Due to increasing threat to the Canadian water resources, much attention has been drawn to different sectors in order to find a long-term solution to the current water crisis. Indeed, there is an urgent need to address the current crisis to ensure that Canada has access to fresh water in the future. To solve the problem, a number of recommendations have been put forward. Foremost, “to know what to do, you must first know what is happening” (Environment Canada 97).
Thus, a plan to acquire observational and accurate data regarding water has been proposed. By acquiring such data, experts will be aware of the water usage patterns, Canadian fresh water sources, and water-related infrastructure (Stanford 67). Knowledge of this basic information will help the government to have an organized freshwater monitoring program and develop appropriate action plan.
Secondly, it is important to develop research priorities. Developing a research plan will clarify causes of droughts hence improving the climatic conditions (Environment Canada 16). Moreover, research will also help maintain Canada’s climate modeling capabilities. With extensive research, the impact of climate change on forests, wetlands, and glacier (freshwater ecosystems) will be clarified too. Eventually, this will help in improving water quality by reducing chemical drainage into water sources among other wastes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thirdly, there is need to have informed policies and effective management plans (Stanford 121). In addition, there is need to develop policies regarding water usage (water rights) in order to minimize conflicts. More research into this topic will provide a good foundation for developing better and informed policies. As such, the Canadian government should adopt science based management practices to help in decision-making (Stanford 121).
Lastly, there is need to have effective leadership and teamwork in order to address Canada’s freshwater crisis. Quality scientific leadership will play vital role in developing better assessment programs. In the government level, there is need to have committed leadership and teamwork to develop better policies that will not frustrate efforts to revive Canada’s fresh water supply (Environment Canada 94).
In summary, in order to ensure that Canada has constant supply of freshwater in the future, there is need to develop sustainable action plan. Because of current pressure on Canada’s freshwater sources, there is need to do more research, implement appropriate policies, and have committed leadership so that the nation can continue having social and economical benefits acquired from use of freshwater.
Works Cited Environment Canada. Threats to Sources of Drinking Water and Aquatic Ecosystem Health in Canada. National Water Resource Institute, Burlington, Ontoaria. NWRI Scientific assessment, 1.1 (2001): 72. Print.
Environment Canada. Threats to Water Availability in Canada. National Water Resource Institute, Burlington, Ontoaria. NWRI Scientific assessment, 3.1 (2004): 1-150. Print.
Stanford, Williams. Water, Weather and the Mountain West. Ottawa: Rock mountain Books, 2007. Print.