Mark Twain, the writer of the book “The two views of the Mississippi” talks of the two sides of the Mississippi River; however, Twain uses ‘Mississippi’ symbolically to represent life. The short story underscores how individuals lose the ability to see the beauty in common place especially in the workplace; what appears as beauty to an ordinary person appears dangerous to a profession in a particular work.
The first phase of the story opens with the writer being so fresh to his environments with the river being central to his discussion. The magnificent, cool waters seem inseparable from the eyes of the writer. Something new and worthwhile came forth every time he looked at the river, what a wonderful sight; Twain notes, “And it was not a book to be read once and thrown aside, for it had a new story to tell every day” (119).
The journey through the waters is an eye gluing one. Everything seems to catch his attention, and he enjoys the scenes as those of a romantic play. The second phase of the story contrasts the first one. The phase starts with the writer acknowledging that something good has died in him. He ceased to see the beauty of the river.
The writer is full of knowledge of the river and no longer anxious about its beauty. His major focus changes to the safety it offers to his sailing. In contrast, the writer brings out the secrets of the journey to knowledge. Twain says, “In truth, the passenger who could not read this book saw nothing but all manner of pretty pictures in it…whereas to the trained eye these were not pictures at all, but the grimmest and most dead-earnest of reading-matter” (119) which contrasts the knowledgeable and the unskilled.
The writer describes the contrast between the views of the two that is, the passenger and the pilot. To both, the river is like a book, which only the pilot seems to understand the language used. The pilot understands the readings of the book and can interpret it either to suit his piloting or to portray danger to lives.
On the other hand, the passenger can only enjoy the pictures of the book, as its language is hard for him to comprehend. Not only is the language difficulty, but also like a child, he does not bother. As one grows daily to gain knowledge and specialize in a particular thing, so do innate qualities of the subject fade away. Little things matter to little minds while great minds think about great things.
The writer uses similes as tools of literature to capture the attention of the reader. Analogies such as “great river as familiarly as I knew the letters of the alphabet” (Twain 120), underscores this assertion. This simile shows the extent to which the river has become familiar to Twain. Other tools used are figurative languages and personification of the river. Finally, Twain, says that he pities doctors; “What does the lovely flush in a beauty’s cheek mean to a doctor but a ‘break’ that ripples above some deadly disease?”(121).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A doctor will fail to see the beauty of a sick beautiful woman because he handles many of them and has gotten used to seeing the same. S/he will instead focus on the symptoms and condition of her health. Therefore, as explored in the examples given, Twain makes it clear that people have differing views in life depending on an individual.
Works Cited Twain, Mark. Life on the Mississippi. New York: Harper
Four types of courage Essay college essay help near me
Introduction Courage calls upon a person to keep moving on even in the face of hopelessness or obstacles. In the society, there are many changes occurring and one can choose to both panic and fear to confront the change or choose to draw upon inner self and move forward. Rollo May says that one must have courage in order to live a meaningful life in the society. Courage, he insists, is not just one emotion among others, but the foundation on which all other virtues and values rest.
Types of courage Courage is a fundamental emotion that every human being must possess. It enables one to exist meaningfully in the society and have the ability to bring change in the society and self.
Physical courage entails the use of one’s body to show sympathy and cultivate empathy. People with physical courage make a sacrifice every time they choose to exhibit this type of courage. They put their bodies at risk for the sake of others. For instance, in case of a fire fighters walk into burning buildings to try to save lives of people they do not even know.
They risk injuries or even death and to do so they must have physical courage otherwise they would fear putting themselves at risk for others. Another instance that demonstrates physical courage in the recent time is the efforts of the workers in Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant who have been working to stop the emission of radioactive fumes.
They have put their lives at risk and some may even die due to the effects of the radioactive fumes but they had the physical courage to stay and stop the leak after the area and been evacuated. Other instances of courage are exhibited by ordinary people everyday such as when a father or mother takes a risk for the sake of protecting their children.
To make meaningful intimacy one requires social courage. It enables one to put one’s self out there in order to create relationships with other people. Developing relationships calls for an investment of a person’s time and emotions.
The investment may not pay off and so a person must be willing to take the risk of failing and encountering rejection. When a person lacks social courage, they can become loners and feel very isolated. Thus, one must be willing to overcome fear and interact with other people even those that are often neglected by others because they are seen to be different.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A person must also be willing to be tolerant of other people because people come from different backgrounds and have different beliefs and mannerisms. Moreover, an individual must have the social courage to accommodate others and make their lives easier because everyone has the need of the sense of belonging. Social courage also helps parents who have children with disabilities take care of them without shame of being ridiculed in the society.
They accept their children’s condition and do not hide them from the public. In so doing they bring up children who are not ashamed of their disabilities and they can have the courage to integrate in the society and lead meaningful lives. Such parents are only able to accept such children because they have social courage.
Moral courage helps a person to say no to violence. Violence comes in various forms such as psychological, spiritual and physical. People often condone various forms of violence because they lack the moral courage to take a stand against violence.
For instance, many people will stand by and watch a parent abusing their children or spouses but will not take any action because they fear getting involved in what they consider none of their business. Other people will have knowledge about planned violence but will not report to relevant persons for fear of being found out.
Moral courage is a virtue that many people fear to exercise for fear of being called meddlers but if people choose to exercise this courage so many forms of violence that happen in the society would be stopped and fewer people would suffer. For example, if people had moral courage they would blow the whistle on planned activities such as terrorists’ acts. Imagine the number of lives that would have been saved if one of the planners of the 9/11 attacks had had the courage to report the plan before hand.
Creative change The creative courage enables one to come up with ways of changing the society. A person who has creative courage can choose to go against the majority and do something different that is right.
For instance, in today’s society sex and drugs are very popular especially in the pop culture women are objectified and taken only as sex objects. An artist can come up with songs that are free of women representing sex even though they may not be a hit.
We will write a custom Essay on Four types of courage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More By choosing to a road, that few would such a person can make a difference and show that people do not need to have dirty music and videos to produce good music. They can incorporate a message that challenges the use of drugs or sex and in this way; they can bring about a positive change among the people in society. Through creative courage one can defy violence and even death in the society by coming up with new ideas to tackle the problem. In so doing, one also exhibits moral courage and social courage.
Moreover, through creative courage people have come up with ideas that have helped to transform the society. For example, people who have come up with ideas of building green houses that help to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases thought of a creative idea and had the courage to follow it until it materialized.
Others have created beautiful songs, movies, poems, books among others that people appreciate. If such people did not have the courage to come up with the ideas and persist in making them a reality, we would be missing many beautiful things in life.
Conclusion Courage is paramount in life. Courage has enabled people to stand for things they believed were right even in the face of opposition and triumphed. Some have stopped evils and helped through moral courage making the society a better place to live in and safe for humanity.
Through courage, humanity is preserved and given an opportunity to advance. It therefore means that without courage it would be very difficult for the people in the society to live meaningful lives. Every person must strive to attain courage because it is the fundamental virtue in living meaningful lives. Through exercising courage, we not only make the lives of those who surround us better, but also our own.
The Relationship between Native Americans and Christians Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction The relationship between Christianity and Native Americans has been a matter of great debate for many years. This topic has been explored in many short stories written by Americans. Among the many stories on this subject, the best example is by Louise Erdrich titled Saint Marie and another is by Leslie Marmon Silko titled The Man to Send Rain Clouds.
In the two stories, the writers have discussed the topic in a way that leaves no doubt as to the nature of the relationship between Christianity and Native Americans. In The Man to Send Rain Clouds, the Christians are tolerant towards the Native Americans but the opposite is the case in Saint Marie. (Silko; Erdrich)
In Leslie Marmon Silko’s story, there is a clear picture of the life lived by Native Americans. From the moment when the story opens, we are confronted with rituals, which seem to have been the order of the day. In the story, Ken and Leon have gone to find their grand father whom they already suspect to be dead.
Just to make sure that they have everything needed to perform the ritual, the two brothers have taken the time to pack some feathers and paint which they use to decorate the old man’s hair. By tying the feather in the old man’s hair, painting his forehead with different colors, throwing corn meal in to the wind then painting his nose, the brothers hope that the old man will be able to send them rain.
While all this rituals are performed, we do not see any sign of Christianity featuring anywhere. Immediately after the ritual that is meant to ensure that their grandfather sends them rain, we are able to see the first relationship between Christianity and Native Americans.
When the brothers are taking their grandfather home, the brothers meet Father Paul who gestures for them to stop. In the ensuing conversation, one is able to realize that there is respect between the two parties. To begin with, the virtue of the brothers agreeing to stop the car to chat with the priest is in itself an act of respect.
Although the brothers do not necessarily agree with the priest, they are courteous in their conversation with him. This courtesy is seen when the priest castigates them for leaving Teofilo to stay out in the sheep camp alone. Instead of rebuking him for meddling in other people’s affairs, the brothers politely answer that “No, he won’t do that any more now.” (Silko)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This relationship is also seen in the way the gravediggers begin doing their work after “the church bells rang the Angelus.” (Silko)This good relationship is further exhibited as the people head to the grave when Louise seems bothered about the absence of a priest in the burial. This thing keeps on bothering her until she decides to confide in Leon.
Despite the many rituals that the family has undertaken, Louise feels it is important for the “priest to sprinkle holy water for Grandpa. So he won’t be thirsty.” (Silko) Despite Louise being the person who comes up with this proposal, the same thing seems to have been in Leon’s mind since he does not object to the request. Instead, the only answer he gives is “I’ll see if he’s there.” In fact, everyone seems to accept this arrangement since no one objects the presence of the priest in the graveyard.
This good relationship between Christianity and Native Americans is further exhibited in the way the priest receives the request of Leon. When the priest is told of the old man’s death, all that he asks is “Why didn’t you tell me he was dead? I could have brought the Last Rites anyway.” (Silko)This shows that the family not being practicing Christians did not bother the priest.
Although the priest at first refused to honor the summon since there had not been called to perform the Last Rites and a Funeral Mass, he later agreed to the request. As he poured the water in the grave, memories of such a ritual almost came back into the priests mind.
In a strange way, the priest seems to concur with the family that the water would make the old man not to experience thirst something that pushes him “shakes the container until it is empty.” Despite the numerous rituals that the family has undertaken, Leon only believes it is the priest’s water that had the ability to make the “old man send them big thunderclouds for sure.” (Silko)
Although there seems to have been a good relationship between Native Americans and Christians in The Man to Send Rain Clouds, the case is not the same in Saint Marie. From the moment the story begins, every side seems to be fighting to discredit the other. Through Marie, we get to understand that whatever it is that the Natives did was not done from a pure heart.
While the characters in The Man to Send Rain Clouds seemed to believe in the God of the Christians, the same is not true with characters in Saint Marie. Right from the start, Marie who is used as a representation of the Dark One has a sole purpose of ensuring that the “nuns stoop down off their high horse to kiss” her toenails. (Erdrich)
We will write a custom Essay on The Relationship between Native Americans and Christians specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While Father Paul uses persuasion to convince the Native Americans to join the church, the nuns in Saint Marie led by Leopolda use threats and brutality to achieve this purpose. In fact, Leopolda seems to have been so brutal such that even revelers at the local pub had to erect a poplar stand to ensure that there was no holy witness to their fall.
This is different from Father Paul who coexisted with the locals in a very peaceful manner. Marie likens Leopolda’s attempt to get the locals to join the church to the viciousness exhibited by a Walleye when it is about to strike. (Erdrich)
While Father Paul minds his own business and is willing to welcome anyone in the church, Sister Leopolda uses a “long oak pole” to drive Satan from the midst of her students. Instead of welcoming Marie in a polite manner when she decides to join the Convent, Sister Leopolda literally throws her bundle in the corner and tells her “You’ll be sleeping behind the stove.” (Erdrich)
This is unlike Father Paul who is overjoyed wherever the natives decide to pay him a visit. By analyzing the two stories, it becomes clear that while the relationship between Native Americans and Christianity was good, it could get nasty at times as witnessed in Saint Marie.
Conclusion The relationship between Christianity and Native Americans has been a topic of discussion among American authors for a long time. Among the authors who have discussed this topic in a deep way are Louise Erdrich and Leslie Marmon Silko whose stories titled Saint Marie and The Man to Send Rain Clouds respectively are regarded as the best examples explaining this relationship.
By closely reading the stories, one is able to realize that this relationship was good but at other times, it could get nasty as witnessed in the relationship between Sister Leopolda and Marie.
Works Cited Erdrich, Lousie. Saint Marie, 1984. Web.
Silko, Leslie. The Man to Send Rain Clouds, n.d. Web.
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Life after death Term Paper a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Death is the process through which the normal functioning of the body is terminated. Some of the causes of death include accidents and disease infections. Many societies put a lot of concentrations on the aspect of death. Dead bodies are treated with a lot of respect in many societies. The body is taken care of and disposed as per the traditions.
This is because if the people go against the traditions, the spirit of the dead person will come back and haunt them. In some cases, some people left will before death. The burial ceremony should follow the dead person’s instructions. In some societies killing another person was very bad and people feared committing murder. This is because the spirit of the person came back to the murderer and tortured him.
After death, people join the spiritual world. In the Egyptian Religion, belief in life after death was very strong. Upon the death of Pharaoh, he was buried together with his properties as well as slaves who could continue serving him after death. They believed that death was the beginning of a new life in a new world. The Pharaoh was a mediator between the Egyptians and their God (Haddow 157).
Discussion The process through which death occurs has for a long time been a major concern of many religions as well as philosophers. For instance, in many traditional religions, death must have a cause. In African traditional religions, the power of magic like sorcery can cause death.
They had traditional witch doctors that had the power to cure illnesses caused by witches and sorcerers. In many religions across the world, people belief in life after death and also being born again in the world after an individual. Some people belief that after people dies, their spirits enter into unborn children and they are born again through that child. In this case, they believe that the new born child will posses the same characteristics like that person.
In many African societies, children are named after their ancestors as an indication that their ancestors are still living and should be remembered. The issue of life after death has been a great debate in the scientific field as scientists have not been in a position to determine whether or not there is life after death. However, religions like Christianity strongly belief in life after death (Haddow 177).
The concept of life after death is defined differently by different people. Different religions also have their own ways of defining the concept. There is a belief that the concept was coined by intelligent people who saw the need of people having something to hope for after death which marks the end of human life. Life after death is the belief in the continuation of life after death. Some people hold the belief that if an individual’s behavior is good and attends church services, then the person will go to heaven.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, rude and disobedient people are believed to join hell after death. Life in heaven is full of happiness as people sing to praise the lord. In hell, people are tortured because of their wrong deeds on the world. It is believed that people lament forever in hell. Because of these beliefs nobody likes to be associated with hell. All people wish to lead good lives after death (Haddow 187).
I have a strong belief in the existence of life after death because the world in which we live in is unjust. Job a servant of God asked whether people would live again after death. Many religions have answered his question but in different ways. Many religions belief that life after death is determined be the life we live before we die. Each religion has established rules and regulations which guide people in their relationship with each other.
Observation of these rules and rituals of the religious doctrine leads to a happy life after death. Christians strongly belief in life after death. In the Apostles Creed recited by all Christian denominations whenever the they meet for worship, the statements “the resurrection of the body”, “survival of Saints” and “the communion of Saints” which means a bond between the dead and the living is an evidence that Christians belief in life after death (Dunlap, 157).
The Society of Psychical Research was formed in 1982 by some scientific men who wanted to investigate the concept of life after death in a scientific way. American Psychologist William James Founded another society in America in 1985 with the aim of carrying out that research. The result of their researches was put down in records. F. W. H Myers recorded in finding in his book referred to as “Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death in 1903”.
According to Myers the belief in life after death among Christians is a reality. According to her, information from the dead could be passed to living people. G.N.M. Tyrrell, a leader of the SPR asserted that the existence of life after death is the only way through which the security of people’s life will be achieved. In this new life, people will inherit everything and will be guaranteed of immortal life. There is no death anymore (Dunlap, 160).
Traditional evidence in life after death comes out kin the 19th century when living people communicated with the dead with, mediums acting as mediators.
In addition to this, People had the power to visit the spiritual world after which they communicated with ancestors. Once they regained their normal, state, they passed the information to other People. The Christian doctrine discourages the practice of mediums as unholy and against the laws of God.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Life after death specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Seeking assistance from the mediums is against the Christian law. In the book of Deuteronomy in the Old Testament, the bible clearly prohibits the practice. Between the period of 1901 and 1932, Evidence of survival is shown by the communication between Myers who had died in 1901 and five women who were medium. The information gathered by the five women had many things in common.
Another evidence of life after death is re-incarnation. Buddhism and Hinduism religions believe that the soul of an individual after death is either re-born again in another person or joins the supernatural beings. Christians believed in incarnation in the olden days but modernization has changed the idea. In the traditional setting, ancestors visited people physically in dreams and instructed them what to. They also instructed them of the dangers likely to happen to them like droughts and famine and the measures they should take.
The ancestors passed the information to the living through some people like mediums and priests. Many traditional societies offered sacrifices to the ancestors to appease them so that they do not bring misfortunes to them. The quality of the sacrifices also mattered. They offered the best. Communication between the living and the dead is strong evidence that after death, people go somewhere where they continue with their life (Dunlap, 170).
Plato and Socrates his teacher were strong believers of reincarnation. According to Plato, reincarnation of soul depended on the actions of the person before death. The person’s soul is rewarded for the good deeds and also punished for the bad deeds. He also suggested that some souls could be condemned. The aspect of death and fate of soul were very different according to Socrates. According to him, there was evidence that people lived again after death (Shaw 516).
Conclusion In the old testament of the bible, evidence of reincarnation is clearly indicated. In the book of Isaiah, the Lord says that he new Jeremiah even before he was formed in his mothers womb. In the book of Ecclesiastes, the lord says that he did not create his people only to let them die.
These verses give Christians hope that they will lead new lives after death. The life in this world is full of hardships and temptations. Life is never smooth in this world. People have to work hard in order to get their daily basic needs. I belief in life after death which, according to me people lead good lives. Evidence in Christian doctrine, reincarnation and traditional evidence in life after death makes it clear that there is life after death (Prasad 30).
Works Cited Haddow, Angus. Life after Death: PSI Evidence and Religious Belief. The Journal of Religion and Psychical Research, 1.1 (n.d):183-193.
Dunlap, Jeanetta. Reincarnation and survival of Life After Death: Is there Evidence that Past Life Memories suggest reincarnation?. Academy of spirituality and paranormal studies, inc. 1.1 (n.d): 157-170.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Life after death by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Prasad, Ramanuj. The Life After Death. New York: Pustak Mahal, 2005.
Shaw, David. Cryoethics: Seeking life after death. The Journal of Boiethics, 23. 9 (2009): 515–52.
Alcoholism-Nature vs Nurture Debate Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Background Alcoholism can have an effect on anybody. It has massive outlays as it relates to cultures. Even though we have some idea on alcohol, all we don’t know is the exact root of this dilemma. Some researchers are repeatedly looking for answers to the long-standing nature versus nurture debate.
Dissimilar scrutinies are slit between a biological and a psychological example. (Thomas, et al, 2003, p.1939)The analysis done on the abuse of alcohol alone shows that more than $100 billion dollars are spent annually. It is also believed that, every body in America pays up to $1000 annually to cater for the outlays of unnecessary health care, vehicle accidents, crime and mislaid output resultant from alcohol abuse. (Rutter, 2002, p.997)
This research paper tries to relate alcoholism-nature vs. nurture debate to physiological psychology. To start with, “Physiological psychology is the study of the physiological basis of how we think, connecting the physical operation of the brain with what we actually say and do”. (Masters, 2001, p.346) The analysis on physiological physiology regarding alcohol shows that, alcohol displays feelings of superiority and fearless behavior and also, it reduces an individual’s fear.
Alcohol reduces an individual’s fear
Some researches done shows that alcohol serves up to reduce an individual’s echelon of self-awareness. In his article, Jay proves that alcohol leads to the rising of acceptance and reliance.
In one his quotes, “Jay adds to say one who experiences the painful reality of a death in their family may find the experience too difficult to deal with, and the feeling produced by alcohol assists in the coping process”. (Jay, 1981, p.587) Jay adds to say, alcohol helps in reducing the fear of facing some difficult issues. Finally, he concludes by addressing that alcohol helps in relieving some stressful events such as job loss, divorce among others. (Jay, 1981, p.589)
Alcohol displays feelings of superiority and fearless behavior
In his research, an author by name Rutter quoted that, “when people take in alcohol to the point of intoxication, they display feelings of superiority and fearless behavior”. (Rutter, 2002, p.998) Rutter, proved that males who take alcohol show higher levels of violent behavior than females. The violent behavior brought by alcohol gives them the boldness of resisting any kind of fearful act.
Summary In summary, the alcohol abuses and alcoholism have an effect on every body. It is said to have the highest outlays in the world. The analysis done shows that no one clarification appears to be greater than the other.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The research that has already been done shows that by the help of Physiological psychology, alcohol has been proved to have some benefits in ones life. It is believed that, Alcohol displays feelings of superiority and fearless behavior as well as reducing an individual’s fear. The two are among the analyses on alcohol that have contributed a lot in boosting someone’s life.
References List Jay, H. (1981). A self-awareness model of the causes and effects of alcohol consumption. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90(6), 586-600.
Masters, R. (2001).BIOLOGY AND POLITICS: Linking Nature and Nurture. Annual Review of Political Science, 4(1), 345-369.
Rutter, M. (2002).The Interplay of Nature, Nurture, and Developmental Influences. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 59(1), 996-1000.
Thomas, S, Randall, C,
Scenarios of Critical Decisions One May Need To Make As a Manager Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Human Resource Management involves handling personnel decisions which have an impact in the performance of any organization or company. These decisions may include hiring, position assignment, training, deciding on employees’ benefit and compensations among others.
For that case most organization’s executives appreciate human resource manager’s experiences and skills in assessing personnel (Charles
Erickson’s Theory of Development Research Paper cheap essay help
Erik Erickson (1902-994) was a German psychoanalyst who expounded on developmental stages in relation to the role of specific stage. He believed that children develop in a predestined sequence where their socialization affects them and their self-perception. For instance, when infant’s emotional and physical wants are neglected, they attain their role through developing capacity to have or lack confidence on them. All the same the unaccomplished roles haunt a person in the stages that follow.
Erickson was convinced that childhood is exceptionally crucial for personality development. Convinced by a number of Freud’s theories he however rejected his notion of expounding personality singly on the ground of sexuality. Erickson asserted that personality continuously enveloped even past five years (Sigelman
Ethical failures in business Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Ethical failures in business are not uncommon. Companies sacrifice even the simplest ethical principles for the sake of competitiveness and higher profits. Customer service professionals and salespeople often find themselves troubled by unethical values, with which they are bound to comply.
Customer satisfaction is rightly considered as one of the weakest elements of corporate ethics: competition and market saturation place new demands on businesses. Pragmatism bordering on ethical absurdity often turns into the main instrument of retaining customers.
Yet, unethical profits are never long-term. More often than not, customers do not accept unethical service and refuse to continue their relationships with unethical businesses. Therefore, organizations must build and sustain a healthy, ethical climate which will serve the basic measure of customer satisfaction in the long run.
Martha Wang has recently been appointed to Consumer Affairs Department of Herb’s Garden Products (Bauer
Challenges of the Huge Data in the Day-to-Day Transactions Term Paper essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Radio-Frequency Identification technology (RFID)
General Use of the Current Technological Devices
Storage Challenges Caused by Hi-tech Devices
Data Loss through Portable Devices
Introduction Through the years, there have been many devices, which have ventured to offer relief and easy working procedures to many users. These devices are rather expensive but have a vital task to perform in this vast and rapidly growing technology globe.
Such devices include Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID), Global Positioning Systems (GPS), multi-media devices and Personal Digital Assistant (PDAs), which in the current market are for carrying out different tasks, or running different applications for user contentment. The most powerful feature they possess is their ability to receive, hold, store and send large amount of data. Current technology provides devices with huge storage memory or ability to transact large information.
There is urgent need to address the implications of handling or accommodating data of such large capacity. The devices have grown from large handheld devices to small portable memory cards or chips but increased in transformation and data storage capacity. This paper addresses some of the challenges the huge data may pose in the day-to-day transactions.
Radio-Frequency Identification technology (RFID) “RFID protocol is a communication protocol that uses radio waves to enable the transfer of data from an electronic tag attached to an object for the reader” (Espejo 2009). When passes through a reader, each of the tags generates a string of datum hat makes up a message.
Failure to filter such messages can easily cause clog up on flow of data thus compromise the meaning of data representation or interpretation when another source of data passes through the same threshold. Filtering data therefore facilitates noise reduction, and ability to reduce redundancy of processed data to significant levels.
General Use of the Current Technological Devices The Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) is mainly used in maintenance of field data through use of various features such as RFID transceivers that assists in reading and writing on the transponder. The Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and wireless modem also manage data in a similar manner. The GPS detects geographical coordinates and with support of the mobile modem, the information is sent to the database.
Most of the current multimedia devices enhance information processing and search tools funnel streams of data from the reader heads to centralized systems or hold the information in virtual machines during real-time transactions. Various devices such as the GPS, RFIDs and PDAs have common style of warehousing data analogously.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Users have therefore forgotten the need to implement methods of collecting, cleaning, transferring, warehousing and updating this huge data at the appropriate locations. Various inferences such as management strategies for the RFID’s generated data are very important. According to Espejo (2009), the data is delivered in real time and thus requires immediate propagation of the infrastructure.
The devices are mostly used for processing and storing office files, calendar listings, phone numbers, maps, images, system files, mp3s, movies and even games. The PDA has been characterized by high storage memory of over 4GB and high speeds of over 133x for duplicating, uploading and downloading files.
Storage Challenges Caused by Hi-tech Devices Although many people as well as organizations preferred to process and store their data in these devices, there can be negative aspects that scores of users fail to cover up (Haylor, 2005). Apart from being beneficial, the devices sometimes cause havoc to the data stores and information management systems.
Ignorance over the huge data management has resulted to mismanagement, collapse of the devices or loss of data, which would otherwise be easy to prevent. If users implement good back up systems for their data or avoiding disintegration of information tin various storage location, devices like RFID, GPS and PDAs would be manageable at all levels of usage (Haylor, 2005).
Many organizations have lost important data through theft such as cyber crimes, due to poor storage or lack of traceability options. Huge amount of information is left on machines for and lack of management procedures causes malfunctions.
The portability nature of these devices has made it easy to carry around and be used anywhere, anyhow and anytime according to user’s needs. Portability has also made the information in the machines to become more vulnerable to theft. Malicious attacks on information thefts target portable data devices since it is easy to establish a connection. Increase in theft is also high due to the soaring venerability rates.
Data Loss through Portable Devices Procedures for storing information have also been altered because these devices are subjected to virus attacks, through sharing and downloading of files.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Challenges of the Huge Data in the Day-to-Day Transactions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Managing information loss has been a high cost to many organizations since a lot of online data transfers from one PDA or one portable device to another can end up infecting the device with attached threats, which ends up destroying the Operating Systems and causing major loss of data (Chumbler, 2007).
Information can also be lost through these devices through hacking. Research shows that people who use devices such as the GPS are vulnerable of loosing their data, as they do not enhance security measures such as passwords or device locks. In many cases, people have hacked through database of many organizations through portable devices, which are codeless (Chumbler, 2007).
Another exponential way of information loss has been through damage. These devices are more vulnerable to damages such as physical breakage than any other form of storage mechanism. Increased capacity for storage means that more data becomes venerable to loss such as theft or system collapse. If you subject a PDA, GPS or RFIDs to instant shock, their data plates will disintegrate and break off.
PDAs are also vulnerable to data loss when batteries run out. This is because a PDA never shuts down even on prompt. All the data is usually stored in the Random Access memory (RAM). It is easy to notice this since upon putting it on, the display changes and displays all data, meaning the devise was still on process. This is a contrasting factor for a PDA, which stores large amount of data (Espejo, 2009).
Many people have had total or major losses after loosing their mobile devices. Current devices curry all personal or official information due to huge storage abilities. This form of information loss limits chances of getting back the information since it means finding back the device.
Sometimes getting back the device becomes null since the data might be compromised. Research showed that many people who have lost their PDAs often plead and give offers to someone who can find the devices due to the huge data losses. People often plead for data recovery and not the devices since data loss is much greater than loosing the device. This shows how important the data is for such people.
Recommendations Current data warehouses for RFID infrastructure depends activities that occur locally at the station. The data faces real-time querying at the source such as the point-of-sales workstation, where it is stored after generation (Espejo, 2009). When one considers getting data from the GPS system, how can one aggregate all generated information to a central point? One of the biggest challenges of managing the collected data therefore involves aggregation since the tag readers can generate and distribute the data to terminals within the network.
Conclusion The store and forward approach is required to manage data at the source since it is an efficient form of transforming information such as enhancing filtering of data at the source, and querying authenticity of foreign locations. There is general lack of designing data to avoid replication, redundancy and storage without any immediate relocation policies in the mobile devices.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Challenges of the Huge Data in the Day-to-Day Transactions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Hisrich (2008), data production and storage requires “simple performance policy on immediate (online) updates of local databases in response to tag-read and other events. Such policy allows push of data to the central infrastructure (which may be composed of several distributed servers) using persistent queues.”
References Chumbler, M. (2007). Access to government in the computer age: an examination of state public Records Laws. Illinois, IL: American Bar Association (ABA) Publishing.
Espejo, R. (2009). RFID Technology: Technology Issues: Michigan, MI: Gale Publishers.
Haylor, P. (2005). Computer Storage: A Manager’s Guide. Indiana: Trafford Publishing.
Hisrich R. D. (2008). International entrepreneurship: starting, developing, and managing a global venture. London, UK: Sage Publication Ltd.
“A Doll’s House”: Stage Design essay help free
What Type of Play is “A Doll’s House”? One of the foremost characteristics of Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House is that its plot appears linearly defined, which, in turn, explains the semantic realism of play’s overall sounding. As it is the case with most of Ibsen’s other plays, throughout A Doll’s House, characters’ existential stances never cease undergoing a qualitative transformation. The way characters position themselves at play’s beginning is different from the way they position themselves at play’s end. As it will be shown in this essay, stage design and costumes in “A Doll’s House” influence the characters’ self-positioning and the way the conflict unfolds.
There are reasons to believe that the realism of this particular play reflects the actual workings of the author’s analytical mindset. Ibsen never ceased being aware of the fact that the extent of play’s realistic sounding demonstrates the degree of presented characters’ intellectual flexibility, extrapolated in the particulars of how they address life’s challenges.
As Kaufmann (1965) put it, “[Ibsen] knows that truth never is a possession, but a constant effort to find the appropriate response to every situation which demands a decision” (22). The legitimacy of such our hypothesis can be explored with the play’s synopsis.
“A Doll’s House” Summary Nora Helmer is a married woman, who helped her husband Torvald Helmer (bank clerk) once by borrowing a large sum of money from the bank, after forged her dad’s signature. Torvald is entirely unaware of the forgery that had taken place. Initially, he is a loving husband, who affectionately treats Nora, even though he also appears to be utterly ignorant of Nora’s basic humanity – throughout the play, Torvald treats her as a pretty but soulless doll. Krogstad is another important character in “A Doll’s House”
When being faced with the prospect of losing his job in Torvald’s bank, he threatens to blackmail Nora (because of her forgery) if she does not convince Torvald to refrain from firing him. Eventually, Torvald finds out about Nora’s forgery and becomes enraged over his wife’s presumed infidelity.
In act 1 of “A Doll’s House”, he ends up accusing Nora of moral depravity while suggesting that under no circumstances should Nora have considered keeping secrets from him. Torvald’s behavior opens Nora’s eyes to the fact that she has been loyal to an unworthy man who was unable to address life’s challenges and for whom the continuous observation of social customs meant so much more than ensuring his wife’s happiness.
It begins to dawn upon Nora that her staying with Torvald may very well be compared to the stay of a bird in the cage. After having realized it, Nora decides to leave Torvald, who, in her eyes, has been downsized from a respectful head of the household to a regular moralistic hypocrite, unable to appreciate Nora in a way she truly deserved. Nora says good-bye to Torvald and her children and embarks upon the quest to find her lost sense of identity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Play Production The earlier provided outline of the plot points out what can be considered the first indication of the play’s dramaturgic uniqueness – the sharply defined dramatics sounding of its themes and motifs. Therefore, it comes as not a particular surprise that the action in A Doll’s House appears spatially limited. As was pointed out by Jakovljevic (2002): “Ibsen’s family drama [A Doll’s House] is set within the space of perspectival constraints.
The entire play takes place in this single set that represents the living room in a middle-class family flat” (432). What it means is that, while staging A Doll’s House, directors must focus their attention on ensuring the psychological plausibility of themes and motifs, contained in this particular play, as their principal priority. The best way to accomplish this is by exposing the essence of psychological anxieties experienced by the play’s characters, as such that relate to the worries on the part of the audience’s members.
Within the context of Ibsen play’s staging, ensuring action’s psychological plausibility will not represent much of a challenge.
The reason for this is simple – unlike what it is commonly assumed, A Doll’s House is not solely concerned with exploring the theme of women’s liberation from patriarchal oppression. It also exposes what accounts for the existentialist incompatibility between husband and wife – subject matter that even today remains utterly relevant.
As noted by Haugen (1979): “Ibsen’s Nora is not just a woman arguing for female liberation; she is much more.
She embodies the comedy as well as the tragedy of modern life” (vii). In other words, there is a clear rationale for a modernist staging of A Doll’s House, as it would emphasize the play’s contemporary themes and motifs. One way of ensuring the conceptual relevance of Ibsen’s play for a modern audience is to stage an unconventional production. The following is how four elements of theatre (set, costumes, characterization, and audience participation) can reflect a modernist staging of A Doll’s House.
Training, Learning and Development programs Employees Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Training and development
Identifying training needs
Selection of Trainees
Training Administration and trainers
Evaluation of the program
For an effective operation, organizations, whether in service, products, public or private entities, need physical and human resources; scholars in strategic business management have agreed that human resources are the greatest asset that an organization can have; without which no business transaction can take place. Human resources management teams with the assistance of line and top managers have the role of maintaining the right employees in quality and quantity teams.
Generally, to have a winning team, organizations should put in place elaborate programs for hiring, training/learning, development, retaining, and redeployment of its staff. Training, learning and development ensure that human resources expertise and talents have been tapped effectively.
Human resources intellectualism, creativity, and innovativeness are developed via an elaborate training process; when these attributes have been developed, they offer a company a competitive advantage (Muller, Maclean and Biggs, 2009). This paper looks into critical stages in any training/Learning
Effects of Computer Programming/technology on Human Behavior Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Technology and Communication
Technology and Information/Education
Technology and lifestyle
The continued use of computers in our everyday life is beginning to alter how we as humans behave. For instance, “multitasking, output and efficiency” (Ullman 2) concepts that ideally just work for machines are slowly defining “human thought and imagination” (Ullman 2).
Computers have a way of actively engaging an individual or seeking their attention when they are about their businesses by either popping up messages on the desktop about “unused icons on your desktop” (Ullman 1) or aid you in writing a document with software like “Clippit” (Ullman 1).
The concept of multitasking “introduced in 1960’s, was an engineering strategy for making computers more efficient” (Ullman 1) and it achieved this by switching “its attention to some other task” (Ullman 1) while waiting for the next human input when being used.
It is only natural for humans to want to adapt this type of efficiency after “years of working in an environment where efficiency is a god and idleness in any component is intolerable” (Ullman 2) by keeping themselves “as busy as possible” and focusing on different things at the same time (Ullman 2).
For instance, we can “drive, eat, talk on the cell phone” simultaneously in an attempt to be efficient; “the ability to multitask, to switch rapidly among many competing focuses of attention, has become a hallmark of a successful citizen of the 21st century” (Ullman 1). With its continuous advancements, modern technology will continue having an impact especially in the areas of communication, information and lifestyle.
Technology and Communication Communication has never been faster or even more instant with the day to day use of both phones and computers. Phones transitioned from the basic feature phones people used to own for the sole purpose of calling and texting, to smart phones that have amazing capabilities and have adapted the concepts of computers. In his article, Mobile Telephone History, Tim Farley exhaustively discussed the development of these devices.
These devices have brought unique changes (Farley 1). Firstly, mobile phones, whether the smart phones or otherwise, provide an avenue for communication among people of different geographic locations, making distance no obstacle. Software like Skype, enable voice or video calls over the internet and this links friends and families in different continents whether using phones or computers. Secondly, communication has also become instant since one is able to get immediate feedback without delays.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Email services have facilitated efficient communication between employers and employees, students and lecturers, in comparison to letter writing which as compared to previous times would take much longer. Thirdly, all these devices have reduced face to face/personal interaction since communication is hugely done using these avenues. This is definitely a negative effect in as much as communication has been enhanced by modern technology.
Technology and Information/Education Modern technology has in effect enhanced our accessibility to information, whether it is about general world news or completing our research projects for school work. In terms of education: students are able to have online discussion forums, do extensive researches and currently there are even online courses which are available for those who cannot attend classes (this is a milestone since conventionally, classrooms were the only forums of learning).
Thomas highlighted some negativity to this form of education. He claimed that although “online discussion forums can be effective in developing student’s knowledge…they do not allow for social construction between students” (Thomas 1).
Another commendable result of modern technology is its ability to make the globe small, i.e. when it comes to television; people in various places can all be streaming live news coverage in a totally different location from the viewers. This means that information is widespread and covers a larger span in the shortest time possible.
Technology has also enabled news and other events watched on television to be streamed live using computers connected to the internet. Other than education and information, in recent times there have been social networks like facebook, tweeter, among others which the young generation has particularly embraced as a form of disbursing information. Much of the rapid spread of news, information and even learning material owe it to technology for providing easy instant access to such.
Technology and lifestyle Our lifestyles have been transformed by advancing technology. Life can definitely be said to have become easier in more ways than one. First change that is undeniably notable is in the house environment.
People own microwaves, dishwashers, washing machines, driers, vacuum cleaners etc, all in an attempt to ease the work they need to do. Secondly, the transport industry cannot be said to have been left behind in this technology. Buses, planes trains and trams, all characterize how we are networking the different geographic locations in order that efficient mobility is achieved.
We will write a custom Essay on Effects of Computer Programming/technology on Human Behavior specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lastly, the work environment is also not spared for there are different machines and devices that have been adapted to improve productivity and enhance efficiency. Robots are also gaining popularity in such forums since they can do the extra work humans allocate them. With all this in mind, as much as our lifestyle is improving by reducing the amount of work we do, caution need to be taken that individuals do not resort to laziness with the excuse that machines will do the work for them.
Works Cited Farley, Tom. Mobile Telephone History. Cems, 2005. Web.
Thomas, Matthew. The Impacts of technology on communication- mapping the limits of online discussion forums. Impact of Technology, 2000. Web.
Ullman, Ellen. “The Boss in the Machine.” New York Times, February 19, 2005. Web.
Young Goodman Brown Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Prelimbib
Prelimbib Campbell, Donna M. “Puritanism in New England.” Literary Movements. Dept. of English, Washington State University. 21 Mar. 2010. Web. This source points to the main principles of Puritanism, the brief that people live in the state of depravity. It helps understand the message of the story.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Young Goodman Brown. Wildside Press LLC, 2005. Print. It is a primary source.
Neary, John. “Shadows and illuminations: Spiritual journeys to the dark side in “Young Goodman Brown” and Eyes Wide Shut.” Religion
Impact of environmental issues and laws in the aviation industry Term Paper best essay help: best essay help
Of late, the world is concerned about environmental conservation and management; domestic and international legislations have been enacted to control operations in different industries in the efforts of attaining sustainable development agendas. The aviation industry has had its share of controls that have affected its operations negatively and positively.
National Air Transport Association applauds the efforts made by environment conservation movements, but it is quick to point out that Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policies have limited growth in the industry (Aviation Today, 2008). This paper discusses the impact of environmental issues and laws in the aviation industry.
Negative effects of environmental laws and legislations on aviation industry Limited growth
Although the industry appreciates, the efforts of environmental movements like Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Friends of the Earth, the industry feel that the requirements of the set policies limit its growth.
The legislations generally wish to reduce emission from aircrafts; however, they have not developed the machines and engines that are environmentally friendly, they leave the burden to aviation companies. When a company is planning on its developments, it sets the base on the available base of operation; however, the same operation level is challenged by environmental conservation movements. The industry thus lacks a constant source of income necessary for development.
To initiate programs requested by the legislations, it requires massive capital investments; this diverts the need for resources. Aviation companies are left at cross roads whether they should initiate recommended environmental programs or they should consider normal development policies. When aviation companies produce environmentally unfriendly products, legislations in some countries charges them pollution taxes that is not an allowable when computing corporation taxes. The taxes are an additional expense to the company reducing resources available for services expansion.
To be compliant, some machinery and aircrafts have been regarded useless since they cannot life to the standards of the legislations; this is an additional cost of disposal to the industry. In some companies, they have received negative publicity from the conservation groups as they advocate for efficiency and environmental conservation, this has directly affected such businesses (Linda, 2007).
The standards set by environment laws and legislations have forced aviation companies to use expensive equipments that are “green compliant”, the cost of such equipments is passed down to the consumer making the services offered more expensive. According to the low of demand, when prices of a service has increased, then the demand for the commodity increases; with the expensive equipments and operating materials, then the demand for aviation services reduces.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the commodities that the laws want used include disposable bags in airplanes, fuel-efficient aircrafts, and aircrafts that do not produce noise.
Kyoto protocol that was ratified in Japan, on 11 December 1997 and aimed to be fully implemented by 16 February 2005, aimed at reducing green house emission . It was a project of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and ratified by 37 industrialized countries and European community.
The main aim of the protocol was to ensure that emission of green house gasses was reduced by 5% below their level in 1990 by the end of 2010. The protocol targeted the major greenhouse emitters; the aviation industry was one of the considered industries. When fulfilling the needs of such conventions, the aviation industry has lost some business at least for the short run (Ernesto
Similarities between Capitalism and Socialism. Compare writing essay help
Introduction Socialism has been regarded as kind of economy which relocates its means of production from individual ownership to state ownership and communal ownership.
A state that operates under socialism possesses all the means of production and also supervises them. This system has been believed to construct a different egalitarian system which is founded on the values of cooperation and solidarity. However, this further relies on another feature where human beings are viewed as capable of interacting and cooperating with one another (Newman 3).
Capitalism on the other hand could be reffered as a system where means of production are employed and owned by individuals. This kind of economy develops under the right of an individual who decides freely where and how they want to produce (Hunt and Lautzenheiser 5). Therefore these are two diverse systems; the following essay illustrates the differences and similarities between these two systems.
Economy and Trade Marxist economists described various ideas concerning socialism and capitalism using various illustrations. According to his famous accounts, capitalist was depicted as destructive, a kind of system that is prone to crisis and administered by logic of capital. It was mostly expressed on the basis of economic laws of motion also the desire to accumulate on the capital.
However, socialism denoted elimination or suppression of such logic and its fundamental drives and laws, hence created the likelihood of a rational, organized way of managing social and economic life. Marxist economists condemned capitalism because of instability and irrational outcomes of a system based on private markets and properties.
Marxist noted the devastating social and economic outcomes of capitalist organizations, economic anarchy; for instance, sales seldom matched actual or expected levels of production, and the overall amount of savings planned for investments, hence affecting business cycles. Other associated crises were ineffective outcomes and uneconomical expenditures which led to starvation, unemployment, and ecological deterioration.
There was social disintegration and fragmentation because of unequal distribution of power and wealth and promotion of privacy, social interests, and personal interests over public. It encouraged alienation for instance through commodity fetishism because conception of false needs was encouraged rather than satisfaction of true needs. This led to denial of genuine individual knowledge concerning themselves and also the society surrounding them (Ruccio and Amariglio 216-17).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In contrast, socialism because of eliminating the scope of private markets and properties and its institution of planning, it has been represented as a system that demonstrates basic rationality and stability. Therefore, the results were fairly different; economic coordination and balance which was supervised by a central planning board and analyzed by enterprises and ministries.
Furthermore, the system portrayed effective and socially beneficial expenditures which were based on coherent calculations and no profit making motive. The system created unification and social harmony because of establishment of relative equality and social and private interests which were then allowed to converge.
More importantly, it promoted self realization and true needs could be articulated and the nature of social interactions was transparent and immediate. Marxist economists has also noted the degree at which capitalism has been based on individual exploitation which involves extraction of surplus value while in socialism almost all surplus was appropriated communally or socially (Ruccio and Amariglio 216-17).
Property Rights Socialism could be defined as transfer of titles of a particular property from those individuals who have invested scarcely to those who have contractually acquired them or for some different use. It could be regarded as a social system where the scarce resources or means of production which are utilized to produce consumption products are socialized or nationalized.
The concept of socialization of means of production has been practiced in a number of countries such as Soviet Union and afterwards by Soviet dominated nations of Eastern Europe and various countries all over the world. If private property becomes the means of production, then one encourages differences. By eradicating private ownership everybody’s ownership means of production is equated.
Every person becomes the co- owner of all the properties and this reflects every individual’s identical standing as a human being. The economic rationale of a scheme like that one is suggested to be more effective. In contrast, capitalism which concentrates on private ownership as the means of production seems to be very chaotic. It appears more of a wasteful system which is characterized by ruinous competition, duplicating efforts and lacks concerted, coordinated action.
Unless the communal ownership is substituted with private then it’s possible to eradicate that waste by executing a single, coordinated comprehensive production plan. The property regulations which are assumed under the socialization policy and those which comprise the general legal principles of nations such as Russia are distinguished by two complementary attributes. First, no one possesses socialized means of production but they are owned socially.
We will write a custom Essay on Similarities between Capitalism and Socialism. Compare
Compare of Capitalism and Socialism Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Capitalism: A brief overview
Capitalism: A current perspective
Socialism: A brief overview
Socialism: A current perspective
Socialism and Capitalism: causes for debate
Differences between Socialism and Capitalism
Similarities between socialism and capitalism
Recommendation and Conclusion
Arguably, one of the most outstanding features in human beings is their ability to design systems that help them develop various aspects of their civilizations. Over the last century, nations all over the world have implemented various systems that help them allocate, distribute and govern the available resources accordingly.
Despite the effectiveness exhibited by these systems, various scholars and system analysts have come up with evidence that either support or disapprove such systems in relation to how they help the citizenry achieve their needs, and how the governments allocate various resources. Among the most common systems adopted by most nations are the capitalistic and the socialistic economic systems.
Through their use, these systems have in the recent past proven to be effective to some and detrimental to others. This research paper shall set out to explore the differences and similarities between these two systems. A detailed analysis of how each of these systems affects the distribution of wealth and resources within different nations shall also be provided.
This shall aim at elaborating the extent to which each of these systems has proven to be effective in maintaining certain socioeconomic aspects such as human right, health care, social economy, model of development and social wellness among others in specific nations.
Capitalism: A brief overview According to Hooker, Capitalism traces its roots back to the early middle ages where individuals participated in a form of trade known as mercantilism (1). In this trade practice, individuals would distribute goods and services with the main aim of getting profits (Hooker 1).
One of the recurrent characteristic in this form of trade was that merchants would buy goods from one region and redistribute the same to other regions at a higher price. As time went by, this system of trade was introduced and adopted by other nations across Europe. It is from here that the word capitalism was used to define this evolved economic practice.
Capitalism: A current perspective Considering these undertones, Capitalism can be defined as an economic system in which individuals exercise a high level of freedom in matters regarding to acquisition of property, price determination and private ownership of resources. Members of a capitalistic economic system have the freedom to make their own decisions as relating to how best they can utilize the scarce resources in their possession as well as the freedom to own and operate a business of ones choice (Blumenthal 8).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This indicates that in such economies there is little to no government interference on how businesses, income and profits are earned or regulated. In economic terms, Petras asserts that capitalistic economies are run by the forces of demand and supply (1).
In light of this definition and description, one would argue that this is the most convenient system of economic governance because individuals have the freedom to conduct business in a manner that best meets their business goals (making profits and market expansion), all the while appealing to their creativity in running business endeavors (survival for the fittest). However, documented and practical (real life situations) evidence has in the recent past proved that this assumption is far from the truth.
Socialism: A brief overview In the world we live in today, historical as well as present economic situations have proven that granting individuals the freedom to determine market trends (prices, supply, resource allocation and distribution among others) is not only detrimental to ethical business practices, but also prevents the less fortunate from having access to some much needed social amenities such as roads, hospitals, schools and in some instances land.
The socialistic economic system is based on the principles of equality, freedom of expression and individual’s ability to exercise democracy. As such, is an economic system through which government and other significant regulatory bodies determine how, scarce resources should be allocated and distributed equally to all sectors of their economy.
Socialism: A current perspective In regard to the above description, socialism can be described as a political and economic theory which advocates for the equal distribution of a nation’s scarce resources and wealth through the government (Pierce 16). Arguably, this is a convenient economic system in today’s world which is characterized by greed, injustices and high inequalities in both the social and economic/income perspectives.
Socialism and Capitalism: causes for debate Ask yourself this question: what would happen to the world if people were allowed to only produce goods and services that earned them high profits? Would you afford to buy a car, use the roads, hospitals or even have access to a descent education? The answer that pops up in my head is; ‘NO’. This is mainly attributed to the fact that such amenities have proven to be of great use to us as human beings. In other words, they are highly demanded by people.
It therefore goes without saying that if they were individually owned with no government interference or regulations, the prices charged on such amenities would be insanely high such that only the rich in the society would benefit. So what happens to the poor members of the populace? This scenario highlights the differences between these two economic systems.
We will write a custom Essay on Compare of Capitalism and Socialism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Blumenthal, capitalists believe in the notion that survival is indeed for the fittest (274). As such, the author suggests that capitalists are firm believers of the fact that everyone has a right to own as much land, property, resources as he/she is able to acquire.
Pierce further reiterates that capitalistic economies are defined by the notion that people who do not work as hard as those with property and other resources should not eat or be given special considerations because wealth is a reward for a person’s determination, creativity and aggressiveness in similar business situations (387).
These are logical arguments considering the fact that if people were spoon-fed without any ambitions or efforts, the world would have been a sad place characterized with low productivity, poor growth and development and poverty. As such, the capitalistic economic system would be most desirable if a nation wishes to promote determination, wealth creation and hard work among its citizenry.
However, Ross asserts that this economic system and its proponents fail to acknowledge the fact that there is no country within which people enjoy equitable distribution of natural resources (85). This is mainly due to geographical and climatically factors which in most cases affect the level of resources that can be found in a specific region within a country. In addition, people do not have equal mental skills.
This means that while an individual in Afghanistan can comfortably do some productive farming in the desert, another individual in the Sahara desert may not necessarily posses the same intellect or skills to do the same. In addition, the capitalistic economic system undermines the fact that no government can guarantee employment to all its citizens.
On the other hand, socialists believe in the notion that the government should be responsible for the allocation and distribution of resources within their countries.
This sentiment is further accentuated by the fact that government-regulated resource allocation is the most viable means of promoting equal growth and development within the country as well as an effective tool for combating inequalities and poverty within a nation. With these undertones, this report shall use various parameters to indicate the differences and similarities between these systems.
Differences between Socialism and Capitalism Arguably, people go to work or spend most of their time working so that they can accumulate their wealth base and get financial rewards which in turn enable them to achieve set goals and objectives. According to Ross, capitalistic economies are governed by very strict policies regarding the ownership of private property (128).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Compare of Capitalism and Socialism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As such, it would be safe to suggest that economic beliefs held by capitalists are most often influenced by private investment and innovation. This means that capitalistic economies are designed in such a manner that citizens can freely buy and sell their own property/possessions. This is not the case in socialistic economies in which private ownership of property is to a large extent discouraged or lack property rights (Kronenwetter 67).
In regard to investments, Pierce alludes that socialism discourages its proponents from investing (214). Personal investment means that some people will have more resources or wealth than others and this would go against the principles that govern this economic system.
In addition, people probably shy away from investing because at the end of the day, their effort will not matter as much as the notion that they should share their wealth and resources with those who do not have regardless of their effort or contribution in the investment (Pierce 229). Blumenthal therefore asserts that in a socialist setting, the probability of lazy people exploiting their hardworking counterparts is significantly high (114).
On the other hand, Blumenthal argues that unlike socialism, capitalism is a source of encouragement in regard to creativity and innovation (267).
The author suggests that due to the unequal distribution of resources that is normally backed by the capitalists’ desire to succeed; people are often under pressure to exhibit high levels of innovativeness and creativity as they struggle to remain relevant in an economy characterized by high levels of competition related to resource and market share acquisition.
This assertion is further reinforced by the fact that in most cases, people who have limited resources tend to work harder than their counterparts with more resources.
Similarly, Blumenthal sheds some light on the fact that capitalists have a right to patent their property as long as they do not infringe the rights of other people (28). As such, monopoly is a common and acceptable practice in capitalistic economies. However, this is not the case with socialism where every piece of property is government owned and monopolistic business entities are not allowed (Pierce 38).
A great example to expound this fact is the American health care system which is documented as being the most expensive in the world. This is mainly due to the fact that most insurance companies as well as health care facilities are owned by private parties who normally prioritize profits before safeguarding the wellbeing of their clients.
However, this is not the case with Australian health systems where the universal health care system which allows all citizens equal treatment is adopted. The American health care system is an example of a capitalistic business practice while the Australian system represents the socialistic approach in healthcare delivery.
Similarly, a look at the capitalistic Russia indicates that capitalism is detrimental to the growth of any economy. For example, since Poland shifted turned into a capitalistic nation, more than 20% of its labor force were considered unemployed by the year 2004.
In addition, 30% of the employed citizens get low paying jobs. Additionally, the real per capita growth of Poland has decreased significantly in comparison to the preceding 15 years that the country was socialistic in nature (Petras 1). The economic situation being experienced by the people of Poland are similarly being experienced by people in Bulgaria, Romania and most parts of East Germany which is filled with capitalists.
In addition, Russia which is a capitalistic economy has in the past two decades experiences political and economic unrests and declined progress due to the fact that most of the resources therein are owned by a numbered few who use illegal means such as murder, corruption, intimidation and violence to cut-off competition.
In addition, the nation is run by criminals who pillage resources for personal gains. As a result, the provision of social amenities such as hospitals and schools has declined significantly since such issues are not given adequate budgetary allocations in the national budget.
Similarly, the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS has increased even among young children who are subjected to child labor or forced labor as prostitutes and drug peddlers. In regards to mortality and life expectancy rates, the number of premature deaths increased above 15 million deaths after Russia transitioned to capitalism.
Petras suggest that these numbers would have been significantly lower if Russia stayed as a socialist nation (1). In addition, the life expectancy rate of Russian men decreased from 64 years to 58 years as a result of the increased rates of suicide, drug abuse, alcoholism and prostitution which came about after the transition into capitalism.
On the same not, a country like Armenia which was recognized as a technological hub has been reduced to a sad state of affairs where the number of scientists and researchers reduced from 20, 000 in 1990 to a shocking low of 5,000 professionals in 1995 (Petras 1).
Currently, the country is run by criminals and most of the population therein do not have access to power and heat facilities. These are the side effects that capitalism has on an economy.
The fact that people in capitalistic economies have unrestricted rights to do as they please means that the rich will get richer while the poor becomes poorer. The level of lawlessness exhibited in the above mentioned capitalistic nations is proof enough that without regulatory systems, most of the core values that hold a nation together are most likely bound to be neglected as people try to fight for survival and accumulation of personal wealth.
In contrast, Cuba and Bangladesh have recorded significant progresses since they adopted the socialistic system of economic governance. For example, by the year 2003, Cuba’s infant mortality had improved significantly (6 deaths per 1000 live births) as compared to statistics presented in 1989 (11 deaths per 1000 live births).
In addition, Russia only spent an average of 5% of its GNP on public and private health care while Cuba spent a little over 16.7% to support the same. In addition, the male life expectancy rates increased to 74 years in 2003 while it reduced to 54 in Russia (Petras 1).
During the same year, unemployment reduced by 3% in Cuba. This was as a result of the government initiative which enabled the youth to access training and educational programs that facilitated their efforts of acquiring employment. In contrast, capitalistic Poland had a 21% increase in unemployment during that period (Petras 1). Poverty has also reduced significantly in Bangladesh and Cuba.
This is mainly due to the fact that socialistic economies have regulated minimum wages which are increased in accordance to the type of job being done. In addition, the fact that resources are government owned means that they are distributed equally thereby promoting balanced progress in all sectors all the while ensuring that citizens have access to the basic social amenities. These are the characteristics of socialism that have aided such countries progress to such unimaginable statuses.
Similarities between socialism and capitalism Ross states that the distribution of resources is the key concern in both the Socialism and Capitalism systems. In capitalistic settings, resources are distributed by those who have the ability to acquire them while in socialistic economies; resources and wealth are distributed by the governments. Similarly, both systems have proven to be unfair to various members of the economies. In both cases, wealth and resources are not distributed fairly.
For example, since the government allocated and distributes wealth and resources in a socialistic economy, people who work hard are at a loss since their efforts and rewards will be shared amongst those who do not have regardless of the reasons behind their lack of performance. The same case applies in capitalistic economies where those who are able acquire more resources than those who cannot access them regardless of the reasons behind their inabilities.
As regarding to company policies and management, both economic systems share the concept that markets can be monopolized. For example, the government in socialistic economies controls the market since it has all the resources. The same is true in capitalistic economies where the person/organization with the most resources controls the market (Blumenthal 231).
Regardless of the characteristics, the government has the power to decide and intervene in both systems. By using various economic policies, the government can influence capitalistic markets just as much as it does on socialistic markets. On the same note both systems make provisions for their citizens upon retirement.
For example, in capitalistic economies, private organizations as well as those owned by the government offers their retired employees pensions which help them cope and survive after their contracts have expired. Similarly, governments in socialistic economies have programs that cater for the needs of retired employees when the time comes. These are some of the similarities that are evident in socialistic and capitalistic economic systems.
Recommendation and Conclusion This report has effectively illustrated that there are differences as well as similarities between socialism and communism. While each has various strengths and weaknesses, the discussion herein has shown that capitalism is not the best economic system to adopt in this day and age.
The risks associated with capitalism far outweigh the benefits as has been proven by the examples illustrated in this paper. Considering the fact that both systems have loyal followers, it would be best if they set aside their differences and learn from the weaknesses inherent in their preferred systems.
For example, while socialism advocates for the spirit of brotherhood (sharing and equality) among its followers, it has been noted that lazy socialists may take advantage of their hardworking counterparts and conveniently survive on their effort and sweat. On the other hand, capitalism is based on the Darwinian concept that survival is of the fittest. However, there are capitalists who may suffer due to inadequate access to resources despite the fact that they may want to succeed.
As such it stands to reason that socialists should adopt the Darwinian concept in a bid to promote hard work among fellow socialists and at the same time, the capitalists can utilize the brotherhood concept and share with those who are less fortunate in their economies.
Implementing such a strategy would not only guarantee economical success in terms of growth and development, but it would also ensure that followers in these systems enjoy some peace, equality and fairness as they go about their day-to-day activities. By accepting these changes, the world can finally look forward to a future characterized by practices that work for the common good of all.
Works Cited Blumenthal, Max. Republican Gomorrah: Inside the Movement that Shattered the Party. Minnesota: Minneapolis, 2009. Print.
Hooker, Richards. Capitalism. Web.
Kronenwetter, Michael. Capitalism versus Socialism: Economic Policies of the US and the USSR. California: San Francisco, 1986. Print.
Petras, James. Capitalism versus socialism: The great debate revisited. Web.
Pierce Charles, P. Idiot America: How Stupidity Became a Virtue in the Land of the Free. Massachusetts: Yarmouth, 2009. Print.
Ross, John. Murdered by Capitalism: A memoir of 150 Years of Life and Death on the American Left. California: San Francisco, 2006. Print.
Experimentation on Animals Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Presenting the Case
Introduction The debate about experimentation on animals, though well documented in literature, is still endeavoring to free itself from past controversies and current challenges.
This particular debate have attracted many advocates and critics, each advancing valid reasons as to whether it is morally, scientifically and logically right to subject animals to experimentation (Horner