The Treponema Pallidum Prokaryote Analysis

Treponema pallidum’s structure is similar to that of other spirochaetes: it is helical, a protoplasmic cylinder twisted into 8–12 whorls; 3 periplasmic flagella extend from the ends of the cell. Studies of the morphology of pale treponema conducted using electron microscopy showed that the central structure of the Treponema pallidum cell is a spirally twisted protoplasmic cylinder. The protoplasmic cylinder is surrounded on the outside by a cytoplasmic membrane and a thin cell wall tightly adjacent to it, the basis of which is peptidoglycan. In addition, pale treponema has axial fibrils that wrap tightly around the protoplasmic cylinder. The bacterium has an outer membrane. The outer membrane encloses the protoplasmic cylinder and fibrils.

Reproduction of the Treponema pallidum occurs by simple division; the life cycle is about 30–33 hours. When adverse conditions occur, it forms cysts, allowing the infection to persist for a long time (Peeling et al. 2). Treponema pallidum is an obligate anaerobe; that is, it cannot exist in an air environment containing oxygen. Therefore, it is not possible to cultivate these bacteria on ordinary nutrient media.

Works Cited

Chua, Sheena M.H., et al. “Structural Features of Cryptococcus neoformans Bifunctional GAR/Air Synthetase May Present Novel Antifungal Drug Targets.” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 297, no. 4, 2021, p. 101091.

Ferren, Marion, et al. “Measles Encephalitis: Towards New Therapeutics.” Viruses, vol. 11, no. 11, 2019, p. 1017.

Peeling, Rosanna W. et al. “Syphilis.” Nature Reviews Disease Primers, vol. 3, no. 1, 2017.

Sun, Sheng, et al. “Cryptococcus Neoformans: Mating and Genetic Crosses.” Current Protocols in Microbiology, vol. 53, no. 1, 2019.