The “Speech Genres And Other Late Essays” Book By Bakhtin

Basic Knowledge

This book has improved my understanding of communication in three main ways. First, I have learned that language is used in all aspects of human activity, no matter how different the field. The study of the character of utterances and the variety of generic facets of expressions in various human life areas is highly significant in nearly all areas of linguistic theory and philology (Bakhtin 61). It is particularly essential to understand the nature of pronouncements in various fields of human endeavor.

Second, the author indicated that there is a genre to be found where there is a style. The transference of style from one category to the next changes how a form sounds when performed in a genre that is not natural to it and also breaches or regenerates the genre in which it was originally performed (Bakhtin 63). Individual and universal language styles both influence and are influenced by speech genres.

Third, I have understood that from language styles, there is an organic and inescapable connection between style and genre. Bakhtin shows that language styles are nothing more than general styles applied to certain realms of human behavior and communication (65). This information helped give me an in-depth yet clear understanding of language styles and genres.

Metaphor and Argument

The book is centered on the question of what constitutes genres in terms of the specific types of utterances. To answer this question, the author develops two main arguments in relation to the central point. First, the nature and forms of language application are described as being as “diverse as the areas of human experience” (Bakhtin 60). This metaphorical argument displays the rich diversity of language as applied in different conversations for different purposes. This relates to the central theme in that it shows how genres are comprised of every form of utterance used for communication.

The second symbolic argument is based on the need and power of words and sentences. The author frames it that language is a critical element for reflection, including “in solitude” (Bakhtin 67). This argument likens language to a mirror that shows a person’s image. Through this argument, the author connected to his central question by showing that language reveals a person’s intention, in addition to offering a means of communication.

In response to the author’s arguments, validity is ensured by having no preformed communication ideas. Looking at the analysis presented, the author avoided any assumptions from the definition of a genre, form, and sentences. From my philosophical standpoint, I agree with the author that language is as diverse as human purposes. This is because it depends on the communicator’s psychological condition, knowledge levels, and communication objectives.


Communication is a critical part of human life, without which coexistence would be impossible. Since it spans all spheres of human activity, such as business, education, and politics, this book is relevant for every individual. For students and educators, it helps them gain a deeper insight into the use of language for communication. It helps them to eliminate biases and misconceptions of language forms and genres. Learning is founded on words that form sentences, which convey the message. This book provides valuable information on how sentences are constructed to mean different concepts in different situations, making people effective in their communication.

The marketplace is characterized by different individuals from diverse backgrounds. Bakhtin shows that language genres can be as diverse as the human population (60). Therefore, understanding why people use language in the marketplace will help create cohesion. People can use this information to foster open communication, free from bias and misconceptions. I will use the information gained to communicate effectively with my colleagues at school and outside. I will be more understanding through the knowledge gained because I have learned that people use language to reflect what they feel. I will minimize arguments and try to use our differences to learn more about each other.

Works Cited

Bakhtin, M. M. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. 1st ed., University of Texas Press, 2010.