Table of Contents Natural Sciences
Knowledge is very important to all humans because it is what influences our actions. In the theory of knowledge the things we say and do are determined by the level of understanding we hold. This understanding comprises of the things we learnt a few decades ago as well as what we have learnt recently.
Human understanding has various areas that aim at explaining its origin. The areas include human sciences and natural sciences among others. This paper will explain these aspects and how they relate with our understanding in regards to the search for knowledge.
Natural Sciences Natural sciences entails scanning the environments that we live in for us to understand why things are the way they are. In this category people monitor the events of their surroundings to solve the mysteries that would rather have remained unsolved. For instance, when people want to understand why the earth looks spherical they carry out research and find the truth. The sciences of nature are always different from each other because different geographical locations have different natural influences (Scott 1).
In natural sciences learners observe the events that concern them such as the gravity force and come up with their own theories in a bid to explain the reasons behind such events. The explanations provided by scientists vary because they conduct independent experiments with different materials.
For every theory provided there is objection from other scientists who do not see the sense in a particular theory. The theories incorporate mathematics in order to tell the history of events. For instance, when scientists collect rocks they observe them in laboratories and use mathematical formulas to discover when the events that led to their formation took place.
Physics plays a major role in natural sciences because it has the scientific laws that are thought to influence events. For example, we know that escarpments were formed due to certain forces on the surface of the earth that were exerting pressure in different directions. Apart from the theories that are provided by scientists, different communities have different myths that are based on their beliefs and traditions.
For instance, in some communities thunderstorms are thought to be fights between gods. The major difference between myths and theories is that myths are not actual facts but assumptions that are generated by humans while on the other hand theories are derived from thorough studies and analysis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The world is full of mysteries that are yet to be discovered and hence natural sciences can never be exhausted because there are so many things in the world that still require explanations. This explains why there are new discoveries every other day because scientists are busy excavating the grounds to reveal the hidden truths.
Fortunately, the things that have already been discovered will be reserved for future generations because technological developments have made it possible unlike in ancient days when people did not have a way of storing information.
If mankind chose to ignore natural science his life on earth would be very stressful because the inventions he has already made were and are still successful because he observed the laws of natural science (Cherniss 2). For instance, airplane manufacturers know that there is force in the air hence they usually make the front side of the plane to be sharp pointed to overcome the force of wind. Again the people who make ships understand density of materials so that they can build durable ships.
With the knowledge of natural science, man has been able to identify things that could destroy his environment and lead to other dangerous scenarios like global warming. Man has therefore set out to protect his environment by implementing measures to make sure that people don’t cause any damage to the environment because his survival depends on it.
The progress in acquiring knowledge in natural sciences is manifested in the changes that man has introduced to ensure that the environment continues to meet his needs even after he is gone. Man has realized that if he continues to use the natural resources without renewing them they might get exhausted hence he has come up with ways of protecting these resources such as the recycling of used materials (IBO 1).
Human beings have become dominant on earth through their adverse knowledge. This is because they understand most elements of the ecosystem compared to other species. Through the studies of natural sciences, man has realized the reasons why there have been changes in climate and thus has resorted to use products that are friendly to the environment.
Moreover, man has been able to discover natural resources that are available for free such as the solar energy and wind energy. If humans did not carry out scientific studies such resources would not have been discovered.
We will write a custom Essay on The Search for Knowledge specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The livelihood of human beings has continued to improve as more natural resources continue to be discovered. For instance, the discovery of wind power has enhanced industrialization because industries have reliable and cheap sources of fuel which does not cause any harm to the environment. Humans have gone an extra mile to launch expeditions in other planets in an attempt of understanding nature. Many people have died in the experiments but this has not stopped man from trying.
Human Sciences Human sciences entail the study of human beings by observing their behavior. Humans can only be studied by listening to what they say and also by monitoring what they do. Observation is the best method because people can say words that they do not reflect. When you want to understand someone you must spend some time with him/her so that you can tell what kind of a person he/she is.
Cherniss argues that natural sciences are related to human sciences because man behaves according to what his environment dictates (2). For instance, when it is dark, our mind tells us that its time to sleep and awakening comes at dawn. In addition to that human behavior is also influenced by our cultures and beliefs. This means that at times it is our cultures that drive us to behaving in a certain way.
Moreover, our interests play a major role in determining our behavior. This means that people do the things that they like doing and when an act is done routinely it becomes a behavior. Interests also boost our understanding because if we do not like what we are learning about chances of grasping anything are very narrow. When we have interests understanding becomes very easy because we do not see any hurdles as opposed to when we are not interested.
In a learning environment learners are quick to understanding subjects that are not boring. Understanding interests of the people around us is important because we are able to offer them things that make them happy and we can only do this when we know their likes and dislikes.
In human sciences the scientists try to understand the compositions of human body including human anatomy which is crucial in understanding why people respond to issues differently. By understanding ourselves we are able to tell how we can be pleased and what makes us angry. Human sciences have enabled man to discover his requirements in this world and they include things like food and water and that is why people are making efforts to protect these vital body requirements.
Furthermore, man has been able to identify things that can cause harm to his health and hence has made sure that his body is free from such organisms by eating clean and fresh food. Since man understands that the natural resources are scarce, he has developed artificial materials to make sure that the resources remain intact (IBO 1).
In human sciences there are still many obstacles to be overcome such as diseases without cure, but then man has been using natural resources to treat the ailments that affect him and other living creatures. By conducting studies in human sciences man has been able to foresee upcoming situations such as unemployment.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Search for Knowledge by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Chernnis, understanding human sciences involves analyzing the personality traits of people before making conclusions as to why they behave in a particular way (2). Understanding each other’s behavior has fostered harmony among communities and this has led to cross cultural marriages that were not acceptable before. Understanding cultural behaviors has enabled to solve the conflicts that were fueled by the differences of our cultures. This means that people can now co-exist peacefully by accepting their diversities.
Through natural studies man has been able to manipulate the environment to provide his needs faster than usual. This includes the hormonal injections that are administered to animals and plants to make them grow faster to address the issue of food security. Moreover, man has been able to use natural resources to improve his wellness by discovering things like cosmetic products which are derived from the environment to manipulate his beauty.
Conclusion In essence, gaining knowledge is determined by the means by which human beings can search and store the information relevant for knowledge acquisition. As explained in this paper, different areas of knowledge enable us to realize our progress in the search of knowledge. The contrasting areas discussed are: natural sciences and human sciences – they are dependent on each other.
This is because man can destroy the environment without knowing which can diminish his supply of resources from the environment. Both sciences can never be ignored because without them our livelihood could be doomed. It is therefore important to consider the different approaches used by scholars or individuals involved in the realization of knowledge in our quest to gain knowledge.
Works Cited Cherniss, Joshua.”Isaiah Berlin: Distinction between Natural and Human Science.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2010. Web.
IBO. “Areas of Knowledge.” Theory of Knowledge – Guide. 2006. Web.
Scott, Ammy. “Areas of Knowing: Human Sciences.” Theory of Knowledge: International Baccalaureate. 2011. Web.
Scott, Ammy. “Natural Sciences.” Theory of Knowledge: International Baccalaureate. 2011. Web.
Vision statement Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Vision statement is one of the most important concepts of any company or organization aiming to realize its dreams in the current volatile market situation. The effectiveness, applicability and realization of any vision of a company depend on how well the vision statement is developed. This paper discusses the effective elements, merits and shortcomings of the vision of Microsoft Company.
Vision Statement Microsoft Company is one of the most successful companies in the world. The success may be attributed to their vision statement: “To be led by a globally diverse workforce that consistently delivers outstanding business results, understands the various cultural demands of a global marketplace, is passionate about technology and the promise it holds to tap human potential, and thrives in a corporate culture where inclusive behaviors are valued” (Microsoft 1).
Effective Elements A good vision must be realistic in terms of what the organization wants to achieve. A vision must make sense to all the organization fraternity since it is the inspiration tool for the organization employees and thus must be credible.
The vision must be attractive to an extent that the whole organization fraternity wants to be part of the organizations’ future dream. A vision looks into the future and thus it should clearly capture the future and bridges it with the present (Cowings, 1991).
The effective elements of a vision statement are clear in Microsoft vision statement. Globally diverse workforce covers the global coverage dream; a workforce that delivers outstanding business results may be what everyone in the organization likes to be part of, workforce that is sensitive to culture diversity of their customers will ensure company’s relevance to all the global cultures.
The vision statement has also considered the changes in technology with time and thus passionate about it, realizes the importance of human potential in realizing its dreams. Most importantly the vision appreciates the importance of working as a unit in its corporate culture where inclusive behavior is valued.
Merits It can be argued that Microsoft has realized its vision with time due to the effectiveness of its vision statement. Microsoft is currently led by global workforce that continues to grow even more, they have been able to achieve outstanding business results with ever increasing profits every year and may continue in this trend in future.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They have been able to accommodate all cultures of the world and their products are appreciated all over the world. They have been at the forefront of advancement in information and technology with their up to date products. By tapping into human potential they have been able to develop genius products which represent work of competent workforce.
Shortcomings Microsoft may claim to envision a globally diverse workforce but most of its operations are more or less centralized. It may be hard to realize this vision in places such as developing countries where they may have not invested enough. Meeting cultural demands of the global market may be unrealistic due to the wide diversity.
It can also be argued that the vision statement is not unique and may apply to any other related company a contrast to what Maurer claims “Each vision is unique. If you create a good vision statement, it will apply only to your organization; it cannot be transferred to another industry” (Maurer, 2000, p. 5).
Conclusion Microsoft vision was discussed and found to be effective in terms of being credible, realistic, attractive and sensitive to the future. However some elements of the vision may not be realistic and their vision may not be unique to the company alone but all in all it has brought the corporation to its present success state.
References Cowings, A. (1991). Strategic Leadership and Decision Making. AUF. Web.
Maure, B. (2000). How to Create a Vision (or Compelling Goal) Statement. Rick Maurer. Web.
Microsoft. (2011). A Vision and Strategy for the Future. Microsoft Corporation. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Vision statement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
The Final Solution Expository Essay essay help online: essay help online
Introduction Toward the end of the eighteenth century the Jews in German were well established. The Jews knew much about the German culture and had made it part of their lives. The Jews and Germans coexisted peacefully until Adolf Hitler became the German leader. In early nineteenth century a very bad incident took place in Germany which will forever be remembered by all the Germans and Jews.
The Germans led by Adolf Hitler were bent on killing all the Jews in what was termed as the final solution. Hatred was turned to the Jews by the Germans who believed that their misery (the Germans) was due to the presence of the Jews in Germany. This paper seeks to explain how the “The Final Solution” evolved, how it was organized, by whom it was carried out, when it was authorized and implemented and its effects.
The Final Solution Background Information
Adolf Hittler was appointed as a German leader in the presidential election held in 1932 and was named the president then. The First World War emerged to be a big blow to the German security. They then had to look for new ways to strengthen their country. With time some magazine started to spread out propaganda concerning the Jews.
Elections were conducted to increase political strength of Hittler. The laws governing the country were modified. It was argued that the Jewish were responsible for the alteration in the German culture. Hittler was against the Jewish two years after the election. The Jewish were viewed as outcasts and some laws were made to get rid of them (Bendersky 1).
It is believed that the killing of the Jewish was planned towards the end of 1941(Holocaust history 1). Based on some prophesy that the future was to be worse, the Jewish started fleeing out of the country but were restricted by the strict immigration rule from neighboring countries.
Some of the countries tried to solve the immigration process but were unsuccessful. On being pushed too much, the Jewish refused to take commands given to them and assassinated one the top German official. This provoked the government to arrest the Jews and many of them lost their lives and most of their property (Jewish virtual library 1; Bendersky 2).
The worst period for the Jews dawned at the start of the Second World War. The German security was determined to get rid of the Jews. They were divided into different troops. Jews were shot dead and buried. At the start of 1942, a meeting to enforce the operation was conducted.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This meant that the process was to be carried out on a large scale. There were so many death camps which were used to get rid of the Jews (United States 1). Some countries attacked Germany to force it surrender killing the Jews. Some of these countries included: America, Britain and the Soviet Union. This led to the end of the Second World War.
Statistics of those who died
It is worth noting that the number of Jews who were killed was just too huge. It was a display of hatred at the highest level. A simple analysis of the number of Jews who fell shows the following facts:
Aurischwitz II was declared a killing center by Himmler. Approximately 1,000,000 Jews from many parts of Europe were killed here.
Approximately 2,700,000 Jews were murdered in death camps and killing centers by the police and the German SS. In total about 6,000,000 Jews, were murdered. This number accounts for two thirds of the Jews in Europe and one third of Jews in the world. (Aurischwitz 1)
It recorded that the Germans systematically collected all the Jews from various parts of Germany and subjected them to some sort of sorting out whereby those who were declared fit were sent to work in various industries and the others who formed the majority were sent to the gas chambers for their death.
It is worth noting that only a small fraction of the Jews were declared fit thus most of them faced the gas chambers in the various killing centers which had been set up for the purposes of eliminating the Jews (Aurischwitz 1). The final solution has inspired the shooting of many movies based on these massacres with a good examples being escape from Sobibor.
Conclusion The final solution is one of the worst actions in history that happened to the Jews. The massive killing was inhuman and should not be allowed to happen again. This left many injured physically and psychologically. Were it not for the intervention of other countries probably the Jews would have been eliminated. Killing in such a large scale order is being witnessed even in the present day.
We will write a custom Essay on The Final Solution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Taking examples of third world countries like Rwanda, it can be argued that still massacres take place though to a small extent.
New policies should therefore be instituted across the world to avoid harassment of any group of people irrespective of their race, religion or numbers. As a matter of fact such kinds of massacres often lead to lifelong grudges which can easily lead to a nation attacking another one.
Works Cited Aurischwitz. Holocaust History. Holocaust Encyclopedia, n.d. Web.
Bendersky, James. A concise history of Nazi Germany. New York: Rowman
Theory of modern art: Rationalization Analytical Essay a level english language essay help
Buchloh observes the cyclical appearance of action and reaction in art since the advent of Cubism, and infers from this that art reflects somehow the state of society.
In the associated readings, the authors make some similar points about the tidal movement between realism and abstraction, although they are not uniformly as focused on the socio-political content or significance of the current art trends.
In all cases, the authors make a distinction between visually reproducing reality, on the one hand, and ignoring it to some degree, on the other hand. These observations accurately describe the changes that occurred in art over the first decades of the 20th century.
However, it is not always convincing, from the perspective of 2011, to read these often-inflexible assertions about the directional progression of art, and its potential connection to politics.
Buchloh asserts that art responds to the oppression of the regimes then current in the country where the artist lives and/or works. He asks,
“Is there a simple causal connection, a mechanical reaction, by which growing political oppression necessarily and irreversibly generates traditional representation? Does the brutal increase of restrictions in socio-economic and political life unavoidably result in the bleak anonymity and passivity of the compulsively mimetic modes that we witness, for example, in European painting of the mid- 1920s and early I 930s?”
He is contending that artists react to the limiting atmosphere around them by hearkening back to representational styles. He is damning of all figurative content as a throwback, a return to outdated and played-out concepts and goals, formed by the political environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While he does not come right out and declare his political affiliation, his attitude towards capitalism is very hostile. He speaks of the “bankruptcy of capitalist economics” and, for example, accuses capitalism of using war as its final economic solution to the persistent problems of utilizing every person’s skills and keeping them fed.
He also seems not to be friendly to fascism. What seems to bother him about all political systems is the way that people are managed and controlled, for example via “managed unemployment.” 
The authors in the readings all have grasped that something quite significant has changed in art. They all have seen, as Apollinaire notes, that there is occurring either a return to earlier forms of painting, or adoption of a variety of elements from earlier times (Classicism and Romanticism), or from disparate cultures, technologies, or genres.
Buchloh regards this sort of re-definition of self as a desperate clinging to a lost role of centrality and importance. He calls the painters of Cubism and its immediate neighbors in time and development, “senile old rulers.”
However all these protestations might also have been simply an effort on the part of artists in the early decades of the 20th century to make sense of the transforming world around them. This was especially a challenge given the demoralizing upset of World War I.
These authors, many of them artists themselves, focus more than Buchloh does on the appearance and content of the art itself. They seem more interested in what comes next in art. This, itself, was a novel question to be asking, after so many centuries of slow, almost indistinguishable change.
Jeanneret and Ozenfant, in particular, appear to be trying to lay out a path for art to follow so that their work can result in, “an objectification of the entire world.” This involves, for them, creating order by selecting from among many elements. They aim to present the viewer with something that is, “free of conventions” and, “universal.”
We will write a custom Essay on Theory of modern art: Rationalization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While the reference to conventions may evoke the hated and reviled bourgeoisie, the main thrust of this article seems to be anti-political. This seems to be a perhaps deliberate attempt to move art distinctly outside the whole mess of politics and social movements.
This does not actually contradict Buchloh’s insistence on a connection between the system of governance and the forms of art. Buchloh would probably contend that wanting to be outside current politics is actually a commentary on the impact of current politics!
Carra focuses on the artist’s treatment of line and color and light. He claims for artists a goal of, “creation, not the imitation of phenomena”. He sees artists as in dialogue only with other artists, “listening to ourselves”. This is another expression of the artist as separate, outside, standing apart from politics and social movements.
Gleizes is the exception to this apparent willful obliviousness of the socio-political universe that surrounds them. He notes in his 1920 essay on the Dadaist movement that the social and political and class situation has been changing rapidly, and that people have being thrown about by the violence of events. His is the most explicit expression, among these readings, of an awareness of art as a marker of class distinctions.
He points out that the upper and lower classes are being deliberately separated and set at odds. This is perhaps not surprising, since the Dadaists were specifically interested in a democratization of art and the de-professionalization of the creation of art.
Buchloh is heavy-handed in suggesting that all figurative or representational art is a symptom of oppression. The other authors are looking at art less through the prism of political science than as artists themselves. Both are probably seeing a truth in the situation, but from different perspectives.
Buchloh lays his ideas out at the end of his essay, as follows:
“The aesthetic attraction of these eclectic painting practices originates in a nostalgia of the moment in the past when the painting modes to which they refer had historical authenticity.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Theory of modern art: Rationalization by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More But the spectre of derivativeness hovers over every contemporary attempt to resurrect figuration, representation, and traditional modes of production, This is not so much because they actually derive from particular precedents, but because their attempt to re-establish forlorn aesthetic positions immediately situates them in historical secondariness.
That is the price of instant acclaim achieved by affirming the status quo under the guise of innovation. The primary function of such cultural re-presentations is the confirmation of the hieratics of ideological domination.”
Bibliography Apollinaire, Guillaume. “The New Spirit .” In Art in Theory: 1900 to 2000, by C. Harrison and P. Wood, 228-230. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002.
Buchloh, Benjamin D. “Figures of Authority, Ciphers of Regression: Notes on the Return of Representation in European Painting.” First appeared in the periodical October, volume 16, Spring, 1981, 39-68. Republished in Art in Modern Culture: an Anthology of Critical Texts, by Francis Frascina and Jonathan Harris, edited by Francis Frascina and Jonathan Harris, 222-238. London: Phaedon Press, 1992.
Carra, Carlo. “Our Antiquity.” In Art in Theory: 1900-2000, by C Harrison and P. Wood. Carra- Our Antiquity p232-p236. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002.
Gleize, Albert. “The Dada Case.” In Art in Theory, by C. Harrison and P. Wood, 242- 245. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002.
Jeanneret, Charles Edouard (Le Corbusier), and Amedee Ozenfant. “Purism.” In Art in Theory: 1900-2000, by C. Harrison and P. Wood, 239- 242. OXfprd: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002.
Footnotes Buchloh, Benjamin. “Figures of Authority, Ciphers of Regression: Notes on the Return of Representation in European Painting’”. October. 1981, Volume 16, Spring. Published in Frascina, Francis and Jonathan Harris, eds. Art in Modern Culture: an Anthology of Critical Texts. (London: Phaidon Press, 1992). Page 222.
Buchloh, p. 223
Buchloh, p. 223
Buchloh, p. 223
Apollinaire, Guillaume. “The New Spirit and the Poets”. Art in Theory: 1900-2000. Wiley-Blackwell. Page 229. For example, artists incorporated pieces of newspaper text, collage-fashion, into paintings.
Buchloh, Page 233.
Jeanneret, Charles Edouard, and Ozenfant, Amedee. ‘Purism”. Art in Theory: 1900-2000. Wiley-Blackwell. Page 242.
Carra, Carlo. “Our Antiquity”. Art in Theory: 1900-2000. 2002. Wiley-Blackwell. Page 244
Carra, page 232.
Gleizes, Albert. “The Dada Case”. Art in Theory: 1900-2000. 2002. Wiley-Blackwell. Page 242.
Gleizes, page 244
Buchloh, page 237
Fashion and Identity Analytical Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Fashion reinforces personal identity
Fashion erodes individual identity
Introduction The relationship between man, fashion and identity has always been intriguing. Man is in a constant search of identify, something that will make him unique and identifiable. A unique tool to enhance a person’s identity is fashion. Fashion industry is driven by creativity and as such results in many designs.
The debate in this issue is which of the two has a bigger influence on the other. There are differing opinions on this subject each with sufficient proof on the power and the influences that each has on the other. Werner (n.d.) argues that the search for personal identity is the primary preoccupation of the contemporary generation.
The drive towards identifying who a person is comes about due to fear and uncertainty of the person’s purpose in life. Thus identifying a specific persona becomes the key to personal development and growth in life. Werner continues to argue that the contemporary generation is deceived to think that personal identity is determined by the physical attributes in a person.
Many people take too much care of their physical looks and would go to great lengths to enhance their outward appearance in the effort to enhance their identity. In this regard, people are concerned with their levels of education and would proceed to acquire educational qualifications.
This is intended to improve a person knowledge and intelligence, therefore helping to form their persona identity. Other than education, people take great care how they dress. Dressing is taken as a mode of identifying who a person is. People who see themselves as official tend to dress officially all the times. People dressing style is also a way of trying to enhance ones identity.
A man may dress sharply to stand out in a crowd. Women, perceive themselves as beautiful put on make up several and adornment to enhance this perceived identify. Adornments and beautification are a means of enhancing a persons unique attributes and make them look different in a crowd. Werner (n.d.) questions this method of forming and identifying a person and says that it is quit deceptive.
A person identity cannot be formed by physical attributes and out wards appearance. Other important factors help to form a person identity. Such things are concerned with a person inner attributes such as the soul and are spiritual. Werner (n.d.) concludes that a person spiritual belief influences person’s attitudes towards life and generally, who a person eventually becomes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More MAS (2006) infer that it is impossible to hide a person identity as people are constantly giving out signs of who they are. These arguments purports that a person identity is somewhat inherent.
A person’s identity can be identified from the simple things that people do. Such things as email addresses reveal a lot about a person’s identify. Studying such physical attributes as fingerprints, facial expression, names and DNA configuration can reveal a lot about a person.
These things have in them cues that can be used to unravel a person identity. Thus, it becomes impossible to hide the real person. Any attempt to do so is deceptive. A person’s identity is associated with a good reputation. This means that identity is the foundation of reputation. A good reputation enhances a personal success in life (Werner, n.d.; MAS, 2006).
It guarantees a person better jobs, ease in career advancement, improved social status and allows the individual other privileges. MAS (2006) explains that attempt to hide a persons true self are disastrous and results in a person gaining a bad reputation the society and the disadvantages that comes with it.
From the arguments above it is important to note the formation of a personal identity is crucial. People general direction is driven by their personal identity.
The out ward look is just a reflection of an individuals identity, but not what forms it. How people look on the outwards is a reflection of their beliefs and customs. The spiritual faculties form a person’s beliefs and customs. These beliefs are unique to each person and thus help to form involuntarily the main character traits that make a unique identity in a person.
These characteristics are expressed in more physical ways such as dressing code and general mannerisms. These characteristics are what make people identifiable in a society and give us a persona different from other individuals. This is [personal identity.
We will write a custom Essay on Fashion and Identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The relationship between fashion and personal identity is peculiar. In this debate, the biggest question is which of the two has the greatest influence over the other or whether the two are mutually dependent. Fashion and human personality theorist all agree that each cannot exist without the other.
This is because fashion is way of dressing only expressible through people and the same is true for people: it is difficult to see people without looking at fashion. Thus, it becomes an interesting debate as to whether it is fashion that reinforces a person identity or vice versa. Fashion theorists are also aware that both fashion and personal identity are subject to evolution and thus keep changing with time.
As such, there is always a great confusion as to which of the two is the agent of the said change. The confusion arises from the fact that each fashion as well as personal identity seem to have an inherent ability to stand o its own. However, debaters of this motion do not realize that the debate always focuses on the mutual dependency between these two phenomena.
Fashion reinforces personal identity Ffion (2011) explains that the post second world war heralded liberalization and democratization of societies all over the world. One of the biggest marks of liberalization is the rise of a consumerism culture. Contemporary societies have acquired an insatiable habit of indiscriminately consuming and as such, producers have resulted to mass production.
The same is true for the fashion industry. People have acquired a taste for fashionable clothing and are consuming fashion products at an alarming rate. A look through fashion malls will reveal an existing insatiable appetite for fashion clothing as well accessories by people of all works of life.
Clothing since time immemorial has been the key towards unraveling a person identity (Ffion, 2011). Other than the obvious reason to cover nakedness and protects a person from extreme wearer conditions, Clothes are a means through which man communicates a powerful message about himself.
People use clothes as a means to enhance the message they want to portray to the society and hope that wearing these elicit the right response from others (Essay.org, 2011).
As such, people have to dress in the right way according to the character they want to enhance. Clothes emphasize the positions and roles that people play in the society. (Essay.org, 2011) compares fashion to art, which “sculptures and gives to its architect any form of creation the architects desires.”
Not sure if you can write a paper on Fashion and Identity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As such, fashion reacts to the desires of the architects and thus gives back creative designs that are relevant to person’s character and roles in the society. Further more, fashion enhances the different gender roles that different gender plays in the society.
It gives clothes that define a woman as feminine, in response to the feminine character of a woman and masculine clothes that a man demands. As such clothes becomes a clear distinction between men and women. Thus, fashion is responding to gender identities.
Ffion (2011) argues that people use clothes “to celebrate personal identities.” People wear cloths that express a strong personal beliefs and character. Ffion (2011) gives an example where women celebrate their personal identity through clothes and explains they may wear floral and brightly colored cloths to appreciate their love for nature and their cultural backgrounds.
This illustrates that the reason why Marie-Ange Guilleminot made clothing items with remains of the material from the Hiroshima bombsite to express “her grief and sorrow and show solidarity with the family of the victims.”
Different communities have different dressing style unique to them. The Hindu community has their sarongs, while the Scot male proudly wears the kilt as a way of identifying one self as a scot.
The Muslim woman will wear the Hijab to portray a religious identity while a Nigerian will were a brightly colored outfit that portrays the African identity. These dressing style are a strong reflection of a person’s cultural identity and are deliberately worn by people to express their personal identity through cultural norms
Other than communicating whom we are, clothes have a very big influence on our personality. (Essay.org, 2011) explains that Business executive’s wears suit to while musicians and sports people will be more casual.
They want to enhance their personal traits that is concurrent with their profession. Grant (2007) agrees with this argues and adds that an “individual negotiates through the dress.” Fashion thus forms part of an individuals language. Clothing is a language that a person uses to relay to the outside world desirable message about who they are.
Ffion (2011) explains that Marina Abramovic tried to controversially prove that clothe cannot be removed from a person identity. Mariah stood naked in a street and watched people’s reaction to her nudity. Of course, people were astonished that a person could dare remove her identity and stand in public naked.
This portrays that cloths are part of us and they help strengthen a person positive reputation. Lack of clothes is thus taken as lack of positive dignity. As explained earlier persons identity is associated with a positive reputation that puts the person at an advantaged position in the society.
Removing cloths from oneself is thus assumed to be removing a person positive identity, which leaves one without an identity that results to a negative reputation (MAS, 2006). It thus can be conclude that removing of clothe is stripping oneself of personal identity as such leaving one naked (without an identity).
Winter (2004) also supports that clothes portrays who we are by highlight the works of Van Dyke Lewis, a fashion God father and scholar who has spent a significant part of his life studying fashion.
Winter explains that despite the fact that clothes identify which ethnic group people come from they also identify from which part of the world a person comes from as well as the people’s individual roles in the society.
Lewis, Winter (2004) explains, has spent his entire life studying the black African fashion. This race has a particular way of clothing themselves that enhances their racial background.
During one of his fashion research in London, Lewis has paid particular attention to all the black people in the crowd and was rightly able to identify from which part of the world each came from simply by observing their dress code. This is because each of these person carried with them a certain trait about them that betrayed from which city, town or neighborhood each came from.
Essay (2011) support this further and argues that a clothing is a reflection of unique personal attributes and that personal identity can be interchangeably used with cultural identity. Clothes are part of peoples culture. By choosing to wear certain cloths people have voluntarily chosen to portray their cultural identify and their cultural roots of a person.
Still pertaining to culture, there has evolved a material cultures, a liberal group of individuals who want to dress in ways that do not conform to traditional dressing codes.
These people want freedom to dress the way they want without being restricted to the conventional dressing norms. Clothes are a sense of freedom and a spirit of adventure. They were wear clothes that are outside their cultural boundaries to adventure.
Clothes become a way of breaking cultural norms and experiencing the world beyond (Essay.org, 2011). As such, the fashion industry is evolving and responding to this new class of individuals and gives them creative designs that are suited their free spirited selves. Other clothing adornments are other items of fashion that enhance a persons identity.
People are nowadays adornments to express their dissatisfaction with traditional cultural norms. Tattoos are a way of expressing a distaste with conventional rules and thus a way of seeking freedom. It is a way of bode modification that seek to celebrate a free spirited individual who has managed to break cultural rules (Sanders, 1998).
Suffice to say that fashion is the tool that reinforces who a person is. People use clothes not only to express their personal traits but also to identify themselves with different cultures.
Clothes are not just mere tools for covering nakedness but also protect the persona in the wearer. People deliberately choose clothes that suit their personal characteristics. They are therefore a branding tool, a tool that helps the individuals to appreciate, celebrate and reinforce personal identity.
Fashion erodes individual identity As much as the power of the individual identify I emphases the power of fashion on the person cannot be ignored. Fashion still has its influence on the individual and to a great extent influences that a person becomes. This means that people respond to the latest fashion trends and thus try to align their identify to the dictates of these trends.
Human psychologist argues that human beings have tendency to change behaviors to fit in a certain context (Simply Psychology 2011). People thus change their behavior, attitudes, norms and beliefs fit in certain contexts. Such conformity is driven by the fear of rejection by a social group or the entire society. Conformity may be voluntary or involuntary.
Where it is voluntary, a person makes conscious choice out of fear and thus eventually changes behavior to be accommodated in a given setup. People thus experience an overwhelming sense of the group dynamics over individual identity and are attracted to the group. However, their personal identity is a hindrance towards finding a comfortable place in the group.
As such, they have to drop it and adapt what the social group ascribes to. When conformity occurs involuntarily, a person is either forced to adapt certain behavior as dictated by their roles in the society. In this case, people are forced to behave in certain manner that fits the group dynamic or risk rejection.
A student in a religiously affiliated school may be forced to change dress code to fit in that a particular school. A company may enforce strict dress and general behavior code for all employees to fit into the company policy. In such a company, formal dressing becomes the norm. Suit and ties are the every day apparel.
Therefore, all employees are forced to change their individual identikit in dressing. Involuntary conformity can also happen when a person lacks knowledge and thus seeks it from external (group) sources. In such a case a person is unknowingly influenced by social dynamics and eventually changes behavior as society dictates.
Conformity is prevalent in the world of fashion. This can be attributed to mass production of fashion labels that target mass sales. Marketing of these mass labels are enforcing a fashion sense to the unsuspecting public. Many fashion designs such as Versace, Christian Dior and others open fashion stores in many parts of the world to with the mass market as the target.
Because of the prestige that is associated with these brands people wear them not out of personal identity built because of the strong sense of fashion that comes with wearing them.
Bollier and Racine (2003) explains that “fashion permeates so many aspects of our lives that we fail to appreciate the social ecology that supports it” and as such has an enormous influence not only on the society built on the individual.
The industry it has an inherent power of creativity and thus produces fashionable garment with lightning speed and enforces the new fashion on people. As such, fashion industry thrives, on competition churning out creative design to protect its markets share and its brand.
As a result, several fashion labels have dominated the fashion industry. Many people in efforts to feel fashionable buy and wear these brands not in respect to their personal identity but in respect to fashion.
They want to feel that they belong to a social class that is conscious to fashion trends. Therefore, they will just move in any direction that fashion takes them. If the new trend demands wearing of faded jeans that id the trend they adapt. The same can be said of adornments.
Such kind of conformity has permeated into the American society. A look at the society will reveal that the individually is slowly but significantly loosing personal touch.
The individual in this society is slowly succumbs to the dictates of fashion so much that even the moral and cultural fabric of the society if affected. Americans are slowly adapting to wearing casual wear especially jeans and T-shirts. This conformity is so powerful, that it is slowly finding its way in the corporate sector.
Modern American professional world is adapting to the notion of dress down Friday, an idea that allows workers to tone down their official attire. In response to the notion, the American worker including some of the top CEO’s do wear jeans and T-shirts every Friday to work. (Rasband , 2010).
Rasband (2010) continues to explain that a study reveals that the average American owns more jeans and T-shirt s today than they did several years ago. A casual look at the ordinary American in shopping malls, hospitals airports, churches, sport stadiums, streets, cafes or any other place will revel that there are more people wearing jean and T-shirts than another type of clothing.
This jeans and T-shirts dressing code almost becomes a movement a phenomena Levi Straus has termed as “the most significant apparel trend of the century” (Rasband , 2010). Such conformity has eroded the American sense of personal touch as more American are falling prey to the jeans and T-shirts movement and thus limits the choices that American have on fashion.
Pittman and Townsend (n.d.) explains that such lack of choice in proposal apparel is the result of consumerism and mass production in the fashion industry, and results in loss of personal identity.
Consumerism in fashion is focused on quantity (and unfashionable clothing) rather than quality. It thus leads to a shortage of fashion wear that can enhance people’s individual identity. Rather it leads to e enhancement of social identity.
(Rasband , 2010) explain that the erosion of personal identify by fashion has not been without consequences. The jeans and T-shits movement puts every one o the same level at the work place and in effect, productivity of employees has notably declined.
Casual wears hinders a person productivity in the workplace as the person has retreated into the confront zone and thus lucks the necessary motivation to work. The teaching profession has been greatly affected by such erosions of culture.
American teachers have adopted casual wear and have ended looking more like the students they teach. The effect is a decline in discipline in American schools. (Rasband , 2010) concludes that dressing and in similar fashion makes Americans “look alike and thus begin to feel and act alike.”
The variety that is necessary to make a well-formed society is thus lost. The lack of variety in personal identity means that there is also a limitation in personal beliefs customs and norms. The average American has thus lost the ability to be different and to rise above the societal norms.
Conclusion It can be sufficiently concluded that fashion and man cannot be separated. They have a mutually dependent relationship. Man has had a significant influence in fashion industry. People have used fashion designs as away of communicating personal identities. They wear clothes that enhance their personal characteristics.
A person will wear dreadlocks to communicate ac message about personal beliefs and attitudes. There is also the evolvement of the free material culture, a group of people that believe I moving beyond conventional dressing codes in emphasis of their free spirit self.
Any attempts thus to remove dress is seen as an attempt to strip a person of their persons al identity. As such personal identity is embedded in a persons dressing style. Removing a dress is tantamount to removing your dress. However, fashion cannot be ignored in the way it influences a person’s character. There have been instances that a fashion erodes a personal identity leaving the person exposed to adhere to group dynamics.
This has been the effect of consumerism culture prevalent in the contemporary society. Consumerism culture leads to mass production. Fashion designers have thus responded to this phenomenon by creating massive designs and adapted exploitative marketing technique to force people to buy predetermined designs. Thus, people drop their unique dressing styles in favor of the mass culture.
This in effect affects the person identity as people star to behave in the same way. As such fashion becomes wastefully and unethical because it erodes not only the identify of a person but also of the entire society. This has lead to an emergence of a class of l fashion theorist with ethical views about sustainable fashion models.
Ethical fashionistas say that there is need to reverse the mass consumerism not only to protect the erosion of person identities but also to protect the environment. This will be done through recycling fashion design and material (Pittman and Townsend, 2003). Rasband (2010) explains that there is a way out the current wasting of personal identity in the society.
People can be very deliberate in their dressing style but not dress in response to mass fashion demands but to what the are personally comfortable with in respect to the situation they are in. the jeans and t-shirts are not entirely wrong but should be only worn at the right time and for the right purpose.
Reference List Bollier, D.,
The Use of Internet/Digital Technology to Motivate Learners Essay college essay help: college essay help
This paper aims at reaching curriculum developers and educators to bring into focus the need to integrate ICT in the contemporary education system.
Introduction Following the currently advancing technology across the world, various strategies have been established to reduce the gaps between Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and education, especially in science education. With the current highly interconnected world, there has been a global need to motivate and involve learners in science-related studies for better future of the current generation (Baer 43).
After critical review of various literature materials on science education, the use of ICT in classroom teaching has been found to impacts a lot on the overall motivation of students towards learning. Considering the revealed importance of the use of ICT and digital technology in classroom teaching, there arises great need on integrating classroom experiences with the new technology.
Significance of ICT in Education Information and Communications Technology is the strategy of using the current technological means to facilitate effective passage of information from one identity to another. According to Prensky (27), a blend of technology and traditional means of teaching is not only effective but necessary if we are considering the current generation of students.
As it has been observed, students in the contemporary society are technologically tuned. Being products of online world, these students are keen to explore new innovations. On this basis, the reflection of these generational changes in classroom pedagogy would enhance more learning, since students would be more interested and motivated.
As reported by Robson (33) there has been great need to incorporate into our classrooms the same combination of desirable goals, interesting choices, immediate and useful feedback and opportunities to level up that engage students in their favorite computer applications. By so doing, we will be cultivating and cherishing deeper learning among the students, as they would have high interests in learning using the technological appliances.
Involvement of students in discussions in various topics including class activities, curriculum development, teaching method, school organization has been found to be quite important (Prensky 35). This will make the teachers to understand how the students of 21st century i.e. the Digital Natives think. Certainly, this will help the teachers to change in the pedagogy for their students for better learning.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Kress (15) considers the use of podcasts, discussion boards and MSN to study and communicate in classroom teaching as an effective strategy, since this will engage students far better than in the previous days.
The suggestion made by Stoll et al (20) is very enticing in the sense that, use of ICT in classroom instruction helps to show a new dimension of teaching students with technology and how they impact on the students’ learning outcome would be, if we use technology in different way rather than in the normal manner.
As a result, such strategy will help in engaging and motivating students towards science and math. Considering the contemporary society dominated by scientific innovations and inventions, the ICT strategy makes learning relevant, as learners would concentrate on new technologies.
If teachers realize the vast capabilities of Digital Learning Objects (DLO) they will find out how to help students to actively participate and motivated in learning and thus increase their level of confidence (Robson 46).
Through the use of DLO, learners would be exposed to real life application of the knowledge gained, which would make them more confident in learning through actual applications. This forms a basis for making learning more learner-oriented since the main focus is to make learners more efficient in the outside world activities.
Engagement and self assessment can be improved by a change in classroom philosophy and change in pedagogy by thinking about the change in students’ emotional change and their involvement with ICT and internet. With digital support and change in classroom pedagogy, it will help to think the way Poole (56) recommended (thinking about achievement, looking for evidence, working with other people, overcoming barriers, and reframing the task).
Hence this will connect the students in cognitive, affective and operative way. In this case, the result should be more student engagement and self assessment and deeper learning.
We will write a custom Essay on The Use of Internet/Digital Technology to Motivate Learners specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Strategy to Enhance Successful Implementation of ICT in Education Teachers need to be trained to use ICT and e-learning applications in the classroom. To establish an e-learning environment in the school system, teachers and software and hardware companies need to operate together. Kress (63) considers this as a very important strategy, since it is through efficient teaching with the technology, where deeper learning among learners would be realized.
Through good trained teachers on the contemporary technology, students will find it efficient to capture the basic concepts required in a specific teaching. As depicted by Robson (39), for efficiency and accuracy in teaching using DLO, teachers ought to be apparently oriented to these teaching resources in their training programs. This will prepare them to be efficient in their classroom pedagogy using ICT.
To move educational technology to the next level, good collaboration is important between educators and designers of technological applications. It is important to note that, talking about games is not just about playing cards; it is about far advanced gaming that includes strategy, experiment, information, involvement of proper knowledge (Huizinga 107). It is through game strategy that learners will be able to develop psychomotor skills, capable of enhancing efficiency in real life application of the knowledge gained.
The compatibility of the games should be taken under consideration. The initial cost involvement is very important (Dave 74). In this case, educators should select the games and DLO that are compatible with the available technological appliances, so as to avoid extra costs of purchasing other expensive machines. More specifically, it is very crucial for educators to evaluate the technological applications, with respect to the already available appliances to avoid high initial costs.
Educational technology should be frequently tested, and removal of any unnecessary content done, for the meaningful implication in the classroom (Gee 41).With games used in the curriculum with definite content, designers must be very careful whether the information is correct or not. More precisely, educational technology like games should be frequently reviewed, tested and updated accordingly so as to make them more accurate in teaching.
Importantly, the consideration of gender issues is very crucial before the actual implementation of games in curriculum. This is on the basis that, males think and reason differently from females due to the difference in the nature.
On this consideration therefore, gender issue should not be overlooked while designing games for specific subjects in the curriculum. For instance, suppose we use ICT as a tool for classroom instructional pedagogy, trained teachers from this sector are required, who will efficiently incorporate the pedagogy with the technology.
Consequently, it would be possible for learners to conceptualize the required learning from the digital games used. According to Prensky (27), “…efficiency and accuracy in learning would only be realized if learners are involved in a more interactive learning environment, facilitated by a competitive teaching team…” Generally, due to the popularity nature of the digital games among teenagers, it is highly recommendable that curriculums be modified to integrate games education learning.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Use of Internet/Digital Technology to Motivate Learners by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion It can therefore be concluded that, with the use of online games in classroom pedagogy, more learning among learners would be realized. Through the use of games in classroom pedagogy, the knowledge gained in the classroom would be more relevant to learners. As a result, learners would end up being oriented to real life application of the knowledge gained in classroom.
On this basis therefore, it is highly recommendable for the curriculum developers to incorporate games as learning activities, both to the students’ learning institutions and teacher training programs.
Works Cited Arch, Gregory. Information and Communications Technology in Education: Theory, Methods Practice. New York: Woodside Publishers, 2010.
Baer, Richard. The Ultimate Mystery of Computer Games. Washington: New Technology Publishers, 2008.
Dave, Michael. The art of Digital Learning Objects and their Impacts. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishers, 2007.
Gee, Johnston. What Information Technology has to Teach us about Learning and Literacy. Palgrave: Macmillan Publishers, 2005.
Huizinga, Jackson. The Role of ICT in Culture Transformation. London: Routledge Publishers, 2006.
Kress, Georgia. Literacy in the New Media Age (Literacies). New York: Routledge Publishers, 2007.
Poole, Seth. Psychological Role of Computed Games and Other Automated Teaching Appliances. San Francisco: Arcade Publishing, 2006.
Prensky, Marshall. Digital Game-Based Learning. New York: McGraw-Hill Publishers, 2007.
Robson, Charlotte. (2007). Learning in the New Era: a Guide for Curriculum Developers. London: Routledge Publishers, 2009.
Stoll, D. et al. High Technology Heretic: The Need of Computers in the Classroom and Other Reflections. Sydney: Computer Contrarian, Doubleday
Joy Harjo’s “She Had Some Horses”: Analysis and Meaning Essay argumentative essay help
This essay is an analysis of “She Had Some Horses” by Joy Harjo. It also demonstrates what common themes are used by the poet in her other lyrics. Harjo is currently on faculty in the English Department at the University of Arizona (Velie 287). A creative powerhouse, Harjo has published 12 books of poetry and two children’s books (Velie 287).
She is also an accomplished musician, saxophone player, dancer, painter,screenwriter and feminist (Scarry 1). Of Cherokee descent, Harjo graduated from the Iowa Writer’s Workshop at the University of Iowa and is a member of the Muscogee Creek Nation of Oklahoma (Scarry 1).
Harjo’s early influences include time spent at an all Indian boarding school in 1967, during which the environment devoted to Native American creativity directly inspired her poetic leanings. Harjo also cites a Galway Kinnell poetry reading, the first poetry reading she ever attended, as an event that made literature appear viable and correct as a vocation when she was a fledgeling poet (Scarry 1).
Best known as a poet, Harjo’s thematic use of animals appears regularly in her poetic works, particularly the horse. Harjo’s most well-received book of poetry to date, She Had Some Horses, was published in 1983 by Thunder’s Mouth Press. This paper details Harjo’s use of animal imagery and its thematic resonance in her most powerful poems.
For Harjo, the horse represents Harjo’s dualistic view of the human condition, at once urban and simultaneously of nature. The classic example of this “psychic dualism” occurs in the title poems of Harjo’s She Had Some Horses (Scarry 1).
In his analysis of “She Had Some Horses”, critic Dan Bellm characterized the poem as “a long litany of the `horses’ inside a woman who is trying to become whole” (Scarry 1). However, the poem transcends the physical manifestation of a woman and encompasses a broader view of humanity.
In this poem, J.Harjo’s perspective on the fundamental dualism of human nature shines as she personifies a slew of horses engaged in decidedly urban and social pursuits. That’s the principal meaning of “She Had Some Horses”. The lyrics speak of “horses who cried in their beer,” a haunting image of addiction, as well as “horses who were much too shy, and kept quiet in stalls of their own making” (Harjo 6).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lines like these show the reader Harjo’s dualistic themes of freedom and captivity; both imposed and self-generated. In the same poem the reader witnesses “horses who spit at male queens who made them afraid of themselves” and “horses who called themselves, “spirit” and kept their voices secret and to themselves” (Harjo 6).
Herein the reader feels the urban experience of hate, racism and homophobia, juxtaposed with the spiritual element, the propensity of humans to simultaneously aspire to higher realms while mired in hatred, conformity and separation. Harjo’s brilliant use of metaphor explodes in such passages as “She had horses who got down on their knees for any saviour. She had horses who thought their high price had saved them. She had horses who tried to save her, who climbed in her bed at night and prayed as they raped her” (Harjo 6). The quote from the poem is as disturbing as it is beautiful, which speaks to Harjo’s overall point – no human being is perfect, and we are all a work in progress.
Harjo’s horses also appear regularly in lyrical studies of addiction, such as in the poem Night Out. “I have seen you in the palms of my hands, late nights in the bar, just before the lights are about to be turned on. You are powerful horses by then, not the wrinkled sacks of thin, mewing spirit that lay about the bar early in the day, waiting for minds and bellies” (Velie 287).
Let’s turn to the analysis of another poem by Joy Harjo. In Night Out, we see Harjo’s dualism once again, this time through the freeing effect of intoxication. The men and women of the bar begin as “wrinkled sacks of thin, mewing spirit,” but regain their natural state – like horses – via alcohol, wherein they transform into “powerful horses” (Velie 287). The metaphor of an animal as the natural state that people easily regain is probably Harjo’s favourite poetic convention.
Harjo paints a dark portrait of addiction in Night Out, as a means to regain lost power, albeit ephemerally – “Your voice screamed out from somewhere in the darkness, another shot, anything to celebrate this deadly thing called living” (Velie 287).
However, Harjo’s poem remains an honest appraisal of the appeal of alcohol and other addictive substances to those of living in the urban environment, simply because these inebriants offer a way back to self-esteem and freedom.
The thematic use of horse imagery in the poem What I Should Have Said also illustrates Harjo’s theme of escape – escape back to the halcyon days of Native American freedom, as well as escape to the internal “safe” fantasies of the mind designed to make urban life bearable.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Joy Harjo’s “She Had Some Horses”: Analysis and Meaning Essay specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The lines in What I Should Have Said that best illustrate this idea include “We are horses knocked out with tranquillizers, sucked into a deep, deep sleeping for the comfort and anaesthesia death. We are caught between clouds and wet earth, and there is no motion either way” (Velie 288). The analysis of Harjo’s poem called What I Should Have Said demonstrates that the horse there is the creature that exists between two worlds.
Joy Harjo’s poetry also employs the horse as a metaphor for the creative process. We witness this usage of the horse most clearly in Harjo’s poem Explosion from her 1983 collection She Had Some Horses. “But maybe the explosion was horses, bursting out of the crazy earth near Okemah.
They were a violent birth, flew from the ground into trees, to wait for evening nightmares to come after them: then into the dank, wet fields of Oklahoma, then their birth cords tied into the molten heart (Harjo 26). In Explosion, the horse comes to symbolize the act of creation itself.
In summary, Joy Harjo employs poetic images of the horse and effectively uses the theme of the horse as a live conduit between the urban world and the natural world.
Harjo’s poems traverse rich interior landscapes that echo the visible world while simultaneously showing its flaws and ugliness. Joy Harjo’s poetic prowess has ranked her firmly in the upper echelon of Native American writers. Her poems divulge a “very personal vision of reality, with images from her own culture illuminating the wider American landscape” (Scarry 1).
Harjo’s work does not shy away from the controversial settings of addiction, pain, loss and its impact on Native American culture. However, her poems are of such high quality that they transcend social justice poetry and become instead a means to communicate the universal human condition.
Harjo’s extensive use of the horse to “deal fluidly with the themes of past and present—in historic and even prehistoric terms” as well as the personification of urban strife through the dualistic nature of the horse, deepens her work and speaks to a broader audience (Scarry 1).
Works Cited Harjo, Joy. She Had Some Horses. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1983. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Joy Harjo’s “She Had Some Horses”: Analysis and Meaning Essay by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Scarry, John. “Joy Harjo: Overview.” Reference Guide to American Literature. Ed. Jim Kamp. 3rd ed. Detroit: St. James Press, 1994. Web.
Velie, Alan R. American Indian literature: An Anthology. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. Print.
Professionalism and Ethics Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Professionalism and ethics are key factors in a job setting. These two aspects work hand in hand. Engineering is no different case. Ethics seeks to evaluate deeply on moral aspects. It entails the practices that the staff carries out in an establishment. It incorporates; good value, code of conduct, moral value, principles and virtues. The ethics enable one to outlay professionalism in undertaking his engineering career.
Professional ethics helps a lot in proficiency and comprehending problems encountered in this field. Ethics assists one to know the good and bad sides of a person in a work setting. Engineering ethics are the codes of standard applied in the field of engineering. These ethics portray good conducts in professional engineers.
In accordance with the innovation in science and technology one needs to uphold high moral standard in terms of principle and practices. It concentrates on doing the right action with out inconveniencing other parties. In engineering one needs guidelines that propel him or her to success in this field. The guidelines are set values that give the ability to make correct choices, decisions and action. Not all values are equal.
It all depends with the perception of a person and his/her experience. One can modify and create beliefs that define his identity. Thus he may hold characters such as social skills, peace among co-workers, truth and honesty. Perseverance, discernment and accuracy are also values that one needs to have in order to relay services professionally. This boosts his moral behavior and upholds professional skills.
In addition to values and morals a professional needs work ethics. These ethics ought to be principled and easy to interpret. Employing attitudes of work value will need a lot of motivation in order to succeed. This goes along way to increase the productivity and overall performance in engineering.
In the work place the relationship among co-workers and employees in the organization, depends heavily on the ethics. The engineers tactfully apply the code of ethics to tackle problems encountered in the field. The engineer should offer high standard of service to the client. He should work towards achieving set objectives as part of strengthening his skills in the profession (Naagarazan 41).
Moral issues may arise at certain times in an organization. This will require one to apply professionalism to tackle such issues. Issues such as resource crouch may lead one to be manipulated and unethical termination of projects. Another issue is applying double standards in making decisions and selection of projects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The management may seek to fulfill their interest more than the employees. The employees may develop poor attitude to providing services to the consumers.
These issues can be sorted through normative inquiry where norms are used to guide the employees and the management to run the organization. The management should come in strongly to offer a neutral field for implementation of these norms.
Another way of curbing moral issues is by conceptual inquiry where all the employees are directed and informed of the concepts and principles. Factual or descriptive inquiry is another way to solve the moral issues arising in an organization. This inquiry provides information about practices and effectiveness of the system.
When one upholds professionalism he or she expects to be loyal to the organization, have high level of integrity, be knowledgeable and applies tact in undertaking tasks of the organization. He should be a social catalyst and serve the management and other employees without biasness.
The professional conduct helps to gain trust in the public and improve professional development (Naagarazan 39). Professionalism in the public domain determines how resources and other activities are carried out. A professional will bear responsibility of his work in the sense that he becomes liable and accountable for action he takes in the organization. By carrying out his duty well, he gets appraisal from the management due to his success.
A competent professional will strive to meet the requirement of the client. It is highly recommended that clients confidentiality to be observed. This is also part of professionalism since the client builds trust in the employee.
Other attributes of a competent professional is to respect the management and other employees as well as the client. Courtesy when communicating to client will boost confidence in the engineer from the client perspective. They should also be ready to offer services to a diverse population.
We will write a custom Essay on Professionalism and Ethics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The employee should avoid fraud and misuse of resources at all times. Above all discipline is very important. In a sum up professionalism is the equality of being honest and faithful to the profession. Always honor the law and observe rules and regulation of the State.
Professionalism may be hindered by a number of factors such as poverty levels and high level for illiteracy in the society. Most engineers may take advantage of these situations in the society and offer substantial services to them. To curb this situation the engineers should be given adequate remuneration to refrain them from exploiting the less fortunate (Philip 74). Professionalism and ethics work hand in hand.
For one to be a successful professional he or she needs to have all the ethics values and virtues. Successful engineers are as a result of the moral behaviors and work ethics they endorse in their day to day undertaking. If these ethics are advocated world wide then the world will absolutely have more engineers who are professionally fit.
Work Cited Naagarazan, Ramayan. Textbook on Professional Ethics and Human Values. New Delhi: New Age International, 2006. Print.
Philip, Sadler. Management consultancy: a handbook for best practice. London: Kogan Page Publishers, 2002. Print.
Use Cvp Analysis for business decision making Analytical Essay essay help free
CVP is the cost-volume-profit analysis that deals specifically with how profits plus costs changes with the change in volumes. It determines how those changes in the volume and the costs influences organizations income for operations and the net income. There are several assumptions made in doing the cost-volume –profit analysis.
Some of the assumptions are; that everything produced must be sold, the costs changes only when activity changes, the fixed costs and variable costs for each unit are constant, the selling price is also constant and that the business unit sells different products. In the restaurant with 90 seats, total revenue for the sales annually is $975000. Further, the restaurant is usually open for 52 weeks in a year where by, it serves lunch and breakfast for 6 days in a week and dinner for 7 days in a week.
The seats turnover in a day is 1.2 times for the breakfast, 1.25 times for the lunch and 1.20 times for the dinner. The above revenues on sales per year are then broken down between the meals served in the following percentage; dinner takes 50% of the revenue, breakfast 20% and lunch takes 30 %( Mudida, 2003, pg.45)
To calculate the average check by meal period in the restaurant there is need to know the sales revenue estimate in the next year. Breakfast accounts for 20% of the sales revenue, which is $975000 translating to $195000 of the sales revenue for the next year. Revenue from lunches takes 30% of the year’s sales revenue, which translates to $292500. Dinner takes the rest of the remaining percentage for sales revenue, which is 50%, and the amount is $487500.
The average revenue per week for the breakfast is $195000 divided by the 52 weeks, which gives an average of $3750. For lunch, the average per week is $292500 divided by 52 weeks, which is $5625 and lastly, is the sales revenue per week for serving dinner, which is $487500, divided by 52 weeks, which is $9375(Powell, 1993, pg.118).
Moreover, breakfast service is 6 times in a week, which will give an average per day of $3750 divided by 6, which is $625 per day. Lunch service is for six times in a week giving an average per day on sales as $937.5. For dinner, the average sales revenue per week is $9375 divided by seven since dinner service is seven times per week.
This gives an average of $1339 per day. Therefore, to get the exact average checks per meal we need to check the seats turnover. The seats are 90 and so the turnover being 1.2 times for breakfast, then the average check per meal for the breakfast is $625 divided 90*1.2, which gives an average of $5.78, which is approximately $6.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Same procedure applies for lunch, which is $937.5, divided by 90*1.25 translating to an average check per meal of $8.33, which is approximately $8. For the dinner, the average check per meal is $1339 divided by 90*1.2 giving $12.398, which is approximately $12 per meal (Hardwick, Khan, Langmead, 1994, pg.8).
To increase sales revenue going by the above calculations, adjust meal prices upwards to the available customer base. The price per meal for the breakfast can be reviewed to $7, that for lunch to $10 and for dinner to $15 per meal.
To achieve this, improve the service quality and ease to which customers get services from the restaurant. The second method is by increasing the customer base through making sure that more people know the services in the restaurant.
To achieve this, use advertisements and other business promotion techniques. It is also possible to increase revenue through the introduction of other services that accompany the meals such as soft drinks. This will also go along way to increase the sales revenue and the customer turnover (Cafferky, worth, 2010, pg.15).
References Cafferky, M