The Safe Streets And Communities Act Report (Assessment) College Admissions Essay Help

Table of Contents Issue

Background

Impact

Status

Works Cited

Footnotes

Issue The Safe Streets and Communities Act was adopted in 2012; this legislative act includes several important elements such as the adoption of minimum sentences for drug and sexual offences, the abolition of house arrests for a wide range of crimes, and stricter immigration laws[1].

This bill is supposed to make the Canadian society more secure, but at the same time it will result in the increased expenses for the government and excessive criminalization of many individuals. This paper is aimed at discussing various aspects of this law and its long-term implications for various stakeholders.

Background This legislative act was promoted by the Justice Minister Rob Nicholson[2]. One cannot say that this event was prompted by a particular event that could prompt the government to adopt more different laws regarding various crimes. When explaining the rationale for this bill, the government focused mostly on the need to “improve the safety and security of all Canadians”[3].

Nevertheless, very little attention was paid to the causes that could have stimulated the state to adopt this legislative act. So, it is possible to argue that this policy lacked appropriate justification which should be provided by the state when it introduces a new law.

Impact The adoption of this legal act can have profound implication for the Canadian society. First it, one should speak about taxpayers whose money will be spent by the government in order to implement every provision of the Safe Streets and Communities Act. First, it should be noted that this law can result in the increase of the prison population in Canada. Therefore, the state will have to spend more costs on the maintenance of these people.

For instance, according to the estimations of researchers, this policy will require additional $ 1 billion to taxpayers in Ontario[4]. This is one of the drawbacks that should not be disregarded. One should take into consideration this money can be used for other purposes such as healthcare or education. So, the signing of this legal act will deprive many people of their opportunities. This is the main impacts that can be identified.

Apart from that, this policy can result in significant in the significant criminalization of many individuals. In particular, one should focus on the drug offences. According the Safe Streets and Communities Act, the serious drug offences include “possession for purpose of trafficking”[5].

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main problem is that this rule can lead to the situation when many drug-addicted people will be sent to prisons, instead of being treated[6]. This risk is also important when one speaks about young offenders. By incarcerating these individuals, the government will only marginalize them even further and they will be likely to commit other offences. This is the main danger that policy-makers should be aware of.

Finally, one should take into account possible political tensions within the country. For instance, Jean-Marc Fournier, who is the justice minister in Quebec, says that his province will not pay the costs associated with this legislative act[7].

These examples indicate that this policy can affect many people in the Canadian society. Certainly, this law can bring some improvements such as the protection people who are the victims of human trafficking. However, the costs of these initiatives are not quite justified, and the government should not overlook these concerns.

Status As it has been said before, the Safe Streets and Communities Act has already been signed into law. At this point, the implications of this law are debated by policy-makers, economists, journalists, and so forth. First of all, this legal act has been closely examined by criminologists who believe this policy will not achieve its intended goals[8].

The problem is that this law can lead to the increased criminalization of many people, rather than their integration in the community. The incarceration will transform them into law-abiding citizens; more likely, they will turn into recidivist criminals. Currently, this issue is a subject of heated debate among professionals who speak about the long-term influence of this policy on the Canadian society.

Apart from that, this law has given rise to many protests among taxpayers who believe that their opinions were not taken into account by policy-makers. For instance, this issue is particularly important to many residents of Quebec who believe that the government has not taken into account their interests[9] (Fitzpatrick unpaged). This is why many political leaders urge the government to re-evaluate the effectiveness of the Safe Streets and Communities Act and modify some of its major provisions.

Overall, this discussion indicates that the Safe Streets and Communities Act has significant limitations. Close attention should be paid to the costs associated with this policy, the growing prison population, and the failure to integrate offenders in the community. These flaws can make even a well-intentioned law quite useless or even dangerous. Legislators should consider the interests of various stakeholders in order to design policies that can improve the wellbeing of the society. This is the main argument that can be advanced.

We will write a custom Assessment on The Safe Streets and Communities Act specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Currie, John. Canadian Yearbook of International Law. Toronto: UBC Press, 2013. Print.

Department of Justice. Backgrounder: Safe Streets

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The Place of Folk Music in Contemporary Society Report college application essay help: college application essay help

Introduction According to Bohlman (1988), folklore and culture are closely related. To this end, folklore is part and parcel of the culture practiced in a given society. The various aspects of culture can be traced in the folklore associated with that particular society.

So, what exactly is folklore? According to Morrison (2003), it is that entity made up of legends, proverbs, stories, and such other expressive features associated with the ways of life of a given group of people. The word itself is traced back to W. Thoms, one of the most famous historians in England.

The persistence of folklore over time, as well as its distinct nature from one group of people to the other, has captured the attention of scholars in this field. Folklore, as an academic field, is divided into four major categories. The first is artefact, which entails the study of the physical aspects of folklore. The physical aspects in this case include, among others, musical instruments and costumes. The second category entails the study of what MacNeil (1987) describes as ‘describable and transmissible’ aspect of the field.

The category entails the study of oral tradition, which is characterised by songs, dances, folktales, among others. The third category entails the study of culture. To this end, the folklorist is interested in the entire way of life of a given group of persons. The last category entails the study of behaviours. In this case, the scholar focuses on the rituals and other practices associated with a given society.

Folk music is one of the various genres of folklore (Bohlman, 1988). The study of this genre can be described as one of the sub-branches of the describable and transmissible (Middleton, 2002) aspects of folklore. Folk music describes two major categories of ‘music’. The first is traditional music, which is passed (mostly orally) from one generation to the other. The second is the type of music that sprouted from traditional music in the 20th century. According to Morrison (2003), this period is described as the folk revival period.

The current paper revolves around folk music in contemporary society. The author appreciates the fact that this genre of folklore has persisted to the 21st century. However, the survival or ‘existence’ of this genre is endangered by commercial and classical music, whose popularity has increased in modern day society. In spite of all this, folk music persists. In addition to this persistence, the author will focus on attributes of folk music, contemporary folk music, and revival of this genre in modern society.

Folk Music in Modern Day Society So, what exactly is traditional folk music? According to Bohlman (1988), a consistent conceptualisation of this genre is hard to structure. But one thing remains constant; the genre is different from modern day commercial music, which is produced and marketed using modern day technology.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If one is to go with Thoms’ conceptualisation of folk lore, then it appears that folk music is one of the aspects characterising uncivilised cultures (MacNeil, 1987). The music is associated with the ways of life of ‘superstitious and uncultured’ social groups. Perhaps, the definition of folk music may be made clear by an analysis of the characteristics of this genre. An analysis of these characteristics will help in highlighting the status of folk music in modern day society.

Characteristics of Folk Music Transmission of folk music

Mode of transmission is one of the factors that create a distinction between traditional and contemporary folk music sub-genres. According to Bohlman (1988), the former was passed down from one generation to the other through oral tradition. Before the twentieth century, the music was largely associated with members of the working class, including farm and factory workers. In most cases, these groups were illiterate.

As such, the only way they could learn or acquire folk songs is through memorisation (Middleton, 2002). Transmission of folk music in contemporary society has changed significantly. In modern society, the transmission is enhanced by books and electronic records. To this end, artists enhance their repertoire by the help of such additions as compact discs and books. However, it is important to note that the enhancements and the original songs are largely similar.

Folk music and culture

As already indicated in this paper, there is close relationship between folklore and culture. The same link extends to folk music and culture given that the former is a genre of folk lore. According to Middleton (2002), folk music is culturally distinct. For example, Celtic traditional folk music differs from the one associated with East African communities. The same applies to contemporary folk music in the two regions. To this end, it is argued that the music is particular to a given national culture. The music is especially important to a group of immigrants. In such a group, the genre is used to enhance social cohesion and distinguish the group from others in the area. For example, Somali Americans come together to enjoy their traditional music in the United States of America. The music sets them apart from other groups in the country.

Folk music and its relationship with historical and personal events

Another characteristic of folk music (both traditional and contemporary folk music) is the fact that it is closely related to historical and personal events. It is a fact beyond doubt that music, just like any other form of art, reflects the values and aspirations of the society at that particular time. The same applies to folk music. In addition to this, the music is usually used to commemorate particular days of the year. For example, the songs are used to observe such events as initiation, weddings, funerals and such others.

When looking at folk music and its relationship with events, one cannot help but notice the link between this genre and the ordinary working folk. According to Morrison (2003), folk music is hardly the favourite for the noble class. It has its origin (and wholly owned) by the working class. Before the 20th century, individuals in the working class were largely illiterate. The illiteracy explains why the music depends on oral tradition for its transmission from one generation to the other.

Both traditional and contemporary folk music is a narrative of the individuals who own it. In other words, it provides history from the perspective of the working class. Frank Harte, an iconic figure in folk music, once described this music as the pen used by the working class to write history. According to him, the individuals who are in power (the bourgeoisie) write the formal history as we know it. On their part, the proletariat writes the songs (read folk music).

We will write a custom Report on The Place of Folk Music in Contemporary Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is possible to tell the prevailing currents in the society by listening to the folk music composed at that particular time in history. As already indicated, the folk music will describe the events from the perspective of the proletariat. A case in point is the Great Depression that affected the American economy in the 1930s.

Folk songs composed during this period told of the hardships people faced during that time. Take, for example, the folk song ‘We Shall Overcome’. The song is, in most cases, associated with civil activism of the 1960s in America. The words in the song tell a lot about the war the activists were waging against the establishment. Below is the first stanza of this folk song:

We shall overcome, we shall overcome, We shall overcome someday; Oh, deep in my heart, I do believe, We shall overcome someday (Lacey, 2007, par. 1).

From the song, one can tell that the ‘folks’ were sure that they will overcome their hardships. They will overcome the oppression from the whites, the oppressions from the capitalists, and such other hardships. To this end, one can argue that folk music, even today, tells a lot about the current situation of the people’s lives.

Folk Music in Modern Society, Nationalism, and Cultural Identity

One cannot talk about the place of folk music in contemporary society without mentioning nationalism and cultural identity. Nationalism can be conceptualised from the perspective of national identity. The latter is described by Morrison (2003) as those traits that bring together individuals in a given country. Similarly, the traits set the individuals apart from those in other countries. The distinct nature of national identity gives rise to nationalism.

Folk music is one of the expressive aspects of culture. It is used by groups of people to establish and sustain their national identity (or nationalism). Morrison (2003) gives the example of folk music in Hungary. According to Morrison, B. Bartok and Dance House Movement have used folk music to create and sustain nationalism in the country. The movement has its roots in the early 1970s. It was created with the sole intention of reviving folk music in the country and using the same to enhance nationalism.

Teffara (2006) supports Morrison’s idea that folk music is used to create and sustain national identity. Teffara uses the example of folk music among East African communities. The music, according to Teffara, is used to foster and reinforce communal ties. Apart from the songs, Teffara says that the music instruments used in the process play the same role.

Folk music and musical instruments associated with it were used by leaders to assert their authority. The instruments connoted status and authority. For example, according to Teffara (2006), Ethiopian emperors amassed large numbers of negarit. They were drums shaped like a kettle and which played a significant role during royal occasions.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Place of Folk Music in Contemporary Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, one may say that the above statement (which links folk music to members of the royal family), goes against the statement made earlier in this paper to the effect that folk music is largely associated with the downtrodden members of the society. The author of this paper argues that the love of folk music by the elite members of the society is unique to Africa and other developing nations. As already mentioned in this paper, F. Harte associated this music with the uncivilised and uncultured members of the society.

That description appears particular for folk music in the western world. However, it can be extended to African and other developing nations. Individuals in these countries (from the nobles to their subjects) fall under the category defined by F. Harte. The status of these individuals is especially evident when viewed from the perspective of western cultures. That is why folk music was (and continues to be) important to African communities.

Transformation and Variation of Folk Music in Contemporary Society

As already indicated in this paper, transmission of folk music relies heavily on oral culture. To this end, the music is passed on from one generation to the other or from one group to the other (within the community) through the word of mouth (Bohlman, 1988). Oral transmission is inaccurate and fails to capture the material transmitted, as Middleton (2002) puts it, word-for-word.

As a result, one folk song may vary from one time to the other. In fact, majority of traditional artists are naturally creative. The artists, deliberately, alter the songs they learn. The altered version is transmitted to the group that comes into contact with the artist.

An example of this transformation is the song ‘We Shall Overcome’, which was analysed above. A similar version of the song was compiled by A. Tindley in the early 1900s.

The version by Tindley significantly differs with the version used by American civil rights activists in the 1960s. The variation between the two versions can be traced beginning with their respective titles. The earlier version by Tindley was titled ‘I’ll Overcome Someday’ (Bohlman, 1988). The version used by Martin Luther King and his ilk was titled ‘We Shall Overcome’. A lot can be said about the transformation of the folk song’s title. For starters, the version by Tindley creates a picture of struggle on a personal level.

The use of ‘I will overcome’ indicates that the individual is waging a personal battle against the vagaries of the world. But the case is different for the version used by civil rights activists. The title ‘We Will Overcome’ sounds like a rallying call to a group of people. It creates a picture of a struggle on a group’s level. In this case, the black Americans (a group) are waging war against the ‘racist’ whites (the opposing group).

Apart from the titles, the words in the two versions vary to express the desires and aspirations of the target group. Just like in its title, the words of the folk song by Tindley remain personal. The version by the civil rights activists talks of ‘we shall overcome’, a clear indication that this is war by a group of people.

Conclusion The study of folk songs in contemporary society is an interesting field. It is interesting to note that folk music has persisted over time. One reason why the music has persisted is its close link with culture. In this paper, the author noted that folk music is used to establish and sustain the cultural identity (and national identity) of a given group of persons.

The music is largely associated with the uncultured and uncivilised groups in the society. However, as members of the working class become educated and civilised, the folk music transforms to reflect this change. To this end, it can be argued that folk music is still relevant in contemporary society.

References Bohlman, P. V. (1988). The study of folk music in the modern world. Indiana: Indiana University Press.

Lacey, K. (2007). We shall overcome lyrics: Various artists. Web.

MacNeil, J. N. (1987). Tales until dawn. London: McGill-Queen’s Press.

Middleton, R. (2002). Studying popular music. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Morrison, C. (2003). Not about nationalism: The role of folk song in identity process. Student Conference Journal, 2(3), 13-20.

Teffara, T. (2006). The role of traditional music among East African societies: The case of selected aerophones. Tautosakos Darbai, 23, 36-49.

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Jazz concert review Essay essay help site:edu

On the February9, 2013, a few well known African jazz musicians had a concert at the National Museum court yard in Nairobi. The concert was dubbed “All That Jazz” and hosted by one of Africa’s greatest pianists, Aaron “crucial” Rimbui. It was graced by Maurice Kirya, who is undoubtedly Uganda’s best jazz musician, Erick Wainaina, and Atemi. “All that Jazz” concert has always been held regularly in Kenya to connect with the growing fun base of jazz music within the country.

Every time the concert is held, different guest artists from Africa are invited to perform. Looking at this line up of artistes who were to perform at the concert, I could not afford missing it. I have always characterized jazz as an instrumental and rhythmic kind of music which excites me. I made sure that I had a ticket in advance to avoid the last minute rush.

Thirteen pieces of jazz music were performed that evening at the concert. Aaron Rimbui was obviously on the Piano, the instrument he loves best, blending grooves from other artistes and instrumentalists.

Most of the performances took their cues from African classic fusion groups including Kalamashaka and Kayamba Africa. There was diversity in the performances. Some of the performers and artists took music from other genres and blended them with jazz fusion. The audience was very impressed by the idea as they were able to enjoy some of the popular pieces of music from other genres.

As usual the stage was well lit and the performers had confidence as they entertained the audience. The audience consisted of both young and middle aged adults. I could quickly judge that the ratio of male to female is almost equal. Since this was a jazz music concert, it was obvious the kind of audience that would appreciate the performance. Some of the people in the audience chose to be calm and still as they watched through the entire show up to the end.

But others decided to join the performers at the dance hall while slowly moving to the sound of the rhythm. Since jazz is a soothing music, one can obviously guess the appropriate dance to the music. As the Ugandan guest artiste performed one of hit singles “Malaika”, couples within the audience rose to dance in pairs. The song is a common love song which has been translated in various languages and performed in several global concerts.

In the auditorium, a section of the audience was very conservative. The audience’s reaction was quite normal since this is not the first time that classical dance music is shown at National Museum court yard in Nairobi. It was a re-staging of an older work performed severally in many theatres around world. Usually in jazz music, the audiences come expecting something not different from what they know. This is the reason for the conservative nature of audiences.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The audience constantly showed appreciation for the performers and the dancers by applauding after each and every piece. Everyone had to stay still initially listening to the performers before the dance was incorporated into the music. The music itself had balanced and harmonious phrases. The melodies were elegant that the audience was so impressed.

Considering the nature of classical music from the traditional perspective, such pieces are only supposed to be performed in such a way. There is no need of oral presentations and recording. However conventional classical music have tried to embrace certain things such as recording of the performances for commercialization purpose. I could see camera men in the auditorium taking footages of the performances especially the dance performances.

The concert was different from musical concerts of other genres. Its unique style is what makes it different and stand out. The audience was not engaged compared to other concerts rock concerts where the fans have to really be active to create the connection between the performer and the audience. In classical dance music, the audience shows respect to artists by being still and applauding after a performance. In this way the connection is created.

The “All that Jazz” concert at the Nairobi national museum court yard was an enjoyable evening. It was full of good music that stimulated my intellectual and musical experience. The concert was dubbed “All That Jazz” and hosted by one of Africa’s greatest pianists, Aaron “crucial” Rimbui. It was graced by Maurice Kirya, who is undoubtedly Uganda’s best jazz musician, Erick Wainaina, and Atemi. It was interesting to see the diversification in the pieces of music performed.

This is the one thing that stood out for me after the concert. Most of the jazz music performances are borrowed from pieces from other genre of music. For instance, it is possible to transform a piece of blues into jazz. At the concert most of the performances were from classical African cues. Appreciating the diverse nature of jazz music makes one to have a diverse approach and mind set towards issues in life.

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Lululemon Business Analysis Report scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Company overview

Stakeholders

Shareholders

Clients

Conclusion

Works Cited

Footnotes

Company overview Lululemon is based in North America with most of its branches in Canada. Other than North America, the entity has stores in Australia, Japan and New Zealand. Despite the entity not having an elaborate vision statement, there are a lot of motivating mottoes in manifesto. This implies that the company wants to provide its customers with the best products and services in relation to its sector.

This is an ambitious statement which will require the entity to research constantly on its customers’ needs and ways to meet their requirements. The mission is a collection of ideologies which seek to improve the health of its clients[1].

Stakeholders Lululemon is a business entity which operates in the sports sector. The company designs sportswear, which is a lucrative section of the economy. Such an entity requires elaborate communication to ensure that all the stakeholders are aware of its undertakings. Lululemon’s stakeholders include its employees, shareholders, rivals, the government and its clientele.

Communicating with these stakeholders will utilize various channels. Thus, the entity requires an elaborate communication strategy. Stakeholders of an organization contribute significantly to the fortunes of the entity. Therefore, it is imperative to ensure that they receive communications in time to enhance their decision-making[2].

Shareholders The entity’s shareholders are satisfied with value of their shares which denote their investment in the entity. Communication to the shareholders will entail emails and advertisements on communication channels. The advertisements will inform them of meetings and the value of their shares.

The executive management of Lululemon has the core objective of managing the value of the shares. Hence, they are vested with the duty of making communications to shareholders. Failure to communicate to the shareholders would results in decrease in investors’ confidence which would erode the capital gains realized so far.

Employees are a vital component of the entity. They interact directly with the clientele. Hence, they are the face of Lululemon. Ensuring that employees are satisfied and motivated is crucial. Lululemon managers constantly keep their clients updated in regard to any change in the managerial policies. Managerial briefing is the key means of communicating with employees[3].

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Clients The entity also has an elaborate means of communication with the clientele. This is very crucial since it would impact on the levels of their sales. Communications with clients entail advertisements, e-mails and brochures. The advertisements are an intricate means by which the entity can relay messages on its product to their clientele.

If Lululemon seeks to launch a product, it will create awareness prior to the launch. This will ensure that the clients buy products in massive numbers. Failure to communicate with such stakeholders would results in dwindling revenues for the entity which would culminate in reduced profitability. Most advertisements appear on the entity’s website, newspapers and television.

These channel captures most of the clientele. Lululemon has altered its communication strategy with time owing to the increased use of internet based communication. However, the entity has always been conservative in relation to their communications with their employees since the messages may contain confidential information[4].

Conclusion Based on the above, Lululemon utilizes effective tools of communication. The tools ensure that stakeholdersreceive message in an appropriate manner which does not infringe on their privacy. Overall, communication is an integral aspect of an entity. It ensures that all its stakeholders receive adequate and timely communications of the undertakings in the company.

Works Cited Chip. The Lululemon Vision. Web.

Lululemon Athletica Inc. Annual Report 2012, FORM 10-K. Web.

Lululemon Athletica Inc. LululemonAthletica: Our Company History. Web.

We will write a custom Report on Lululemon Business Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Footnotes Lululemon Athletica Inc. LululemonAthletica: Our Company History. Web.

Lululemon Athletica Inc. Annual Report 2012, FORM 10-K. Web.

Lululemon Athletica Inc. Annual Report 2012, FORM 10-K. Web.

Chip. The Lululemon Vision. Web.

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Gesture in Drawing and Form Essay a level english language essay help

The magazine “Ceramics Monthly” contains an article called “Gesture in Drawing and Form” by Mel Griffin and it shows how a drawing is being made on a household item. I chose this article because it shows how to make a unique design on a regular plate.

As a lot of people do not have close connection to art and things of beauty, this can be used in everyday life. People are very much caught up in work and routine and this would add “color” to their existence. Almost anyone can attempt to make one of these and it would be interesting, as well as educational, to go through such process.

It seems simple enough for everyone to try and create their special design. The author explains the technique of how to make the drawing, by specifying how different thickness of brushes will be used and the orderly adding of colors and layers. In reality, this sort of work has to be done by an intermediate or a professional, as someone who is using a brush for the first time will make a great mess, instead of a picture.

It would be helpful, if the article included more detail and technique because the majority of people have never been involved in such activity. Someone who wants to engage in this sort of art should start out with something ambiguous and chaotic and not expect the painter inside to come out of nowhere. It is a great idea for someone who is bored, at home and wants to try something new. For children, this could be a real adventure and help discover a talent in this type of art work.

This particular plate looks professionally painted and very nicely presented. For a beginner, their result could be acceptable but it is questionable if such work can be given as a gift. Perhaps, someone in the family would appreciate the work but unless it is extremely well done, people outside the closest ones will not be too thrilled with the gift. If it is made in a traditional style or something that is aligned with religion or sacred beliefs, it could be appreciated by those who share such beliefs but still, it is quite risky.

For a beginner, it could be a piece of work that is done and then forgotten, placed on a shelf and not attempted to re-create again, unless a sincere interest arises in this type of work or a hobby. It is a very unique style that not everyone would appreciate or buy and so, anyone who is hoping for a form of reassurance or support should carefully choose to whom to present such work.

Personally, I would add more color and texture to the design but this would be even more difficult. A plate has a small area to draw something on, so a lot of detail has to be paid attention to. It would be helpful if there were a variety of drawings offered. For someone who is just starting, more straight lines and simple forms could be the answer.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Maybe, a small house in the village, a tree or a car would encourage someone better. If the drawing is made practical—a mathematical formula or directions to the closest library, it would become more useful and attract a larger audience. Overall, the work is nicely presented but it is very individual and not everyone might want to get involved.

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Moral Reasoning Exercise Essay argumentative essay help

Ethical Issues Raised by GlaxoSmithKline’s Decisions The main ethical issues that the decision by GlaxoSmithKline to promote and market drugs unapproved for some uses include the following. First, the decision exposed the consumers of the drugs to unknown risks. The use of any drug by humans requires prior tests to verify the efficacy and safety of the drug. Secondly, the action took advantage of people who deserved empathy. The company made profits from patients without due regard to the long-term well being of the patients.

The question of whether such practices are morally permissible or unethical depends on the specific conditions surrounding the practice. For instance, if the drugs provided relief for patients who would otherwise suffer pain because of their ailments, then the practices would be morally defensible.

This also depends on whether there were approved alternatives to the drugs. If there were proper alternatives within reach of the patient and the only factor that guided their buying decision was the marketing efforts of GlaxoSmithKline, then the practices are not morally defensible.

Ethical Acceptability of GlaxoSmithKline’s Decision to Retain Data on Diabetes Drugs There are requirements in law that a drug manufacturing company should release research data to support the safety of the drugs it seeks to sell (BBC). Failure to provide the data and making unverified claims about the safety of the drugs is illegal. The first ethical question that arises is whether it is acceptable for a company dealing with drugs to flout laws.

The reason why drug laws exist is to protect the lives of people who take drugs. This makes obeying the law a moral imperative. Therefore, the failure of the company to release the data for whatever reason brings to question the commitment of the company to the safety of the people who consume their drugs. In this sense, it is not morally acceptable to refuse to release data that regulators can use to verify the safety of drugs. It can lead to harm.

Moral Difference between Hiding Information and Making Active False Claims The moral difference between failure to provide information and making false claims depends on the reasons for failing to provide the information (Rogers and Braunack-Mayer 14). If the failure is for a good reason such as the need to protect a business secret, or because of internal doubts regarding the accuracy of the available information, then there is a moral difference.

This is only true if no subsequent action takes place. However, if the information hidden clearly shows potential for harm, then there is no moral difference between hiding the information, and making false claims. In both cases, the consumer faces harm.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moral Obligation of Large Food and Beverage Companies Large food and beverage companies have a moral obligation to consider the consequences that their products have on people. The documentary clearly links obesity to the increasing availability of junk food and soft drinks (Altman and Leitch). The case of Mexico is the most telling, where Coca-cola drinks formed part of the school feeding programs (Altman and Leitch).

There was evidence of collusion between school heads and the soft drink marketers to sell only one brand of soft drinks in the schools. India and China have an increasing number of obese people because of the influx of junk food and fizzy drinks in the last fifteen years (Altman and Leitch). The documentary points out correctly that the food companies are not social service organizations.

Rather, they are in business. The more people eat, the better their business performs. Most food and soft drink manufacturers are reporting increasing profits from the developing world. There is a strong moral imperative for them to step back, and reexamine their businesses models. The harm that their products are causing to humanity is not morally acceptable (Wolf 48).

Moral Issues Relating To Food and Beverage Marketing Techniques The marketing techniques are all morally problematic because the consistent consumption of these products leads to obesity. Obesity is the precursor of diabetes and heart disease. Morally speaking, the companies take advantage of unsuspecting people. For instance, the companies sell the same junk food as a healthy source of nutrition because they have fortified the junk food with micronutrients (Altman and Leitch).

While this improves the overall nutritional value of the junk food, the consumers wrongly believe that the junk food can replace the natural sources of the same nutrients. The second moral problem with this issue is selling the junk food to poorly informed people or to defenseless children. It is tantamount to making profits without regard to the damage the food inflicts on people in the long term.

Comparison of Responses in the Two Cases The moral standards applied to the pharmaceutical companies were similar to the standards applied to the food and beverage companies with one important exception. In the case of GlaxoSmithKline, there was some leeway given because of the assumption that drugs are a vital component of healthcare.

There are situations where even if GlaxoSmithKline broke the law, its actions could be morally defensible. The food and beverage companies cannot enjoy this exemption because their products are not fundamental to the well being of humanity. No universal harm will materialize if these companies close down.

We will write a custom Essay on Moral Reasoning Exercise specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Altman, Vivien and Marianne Leitch. “Globesity – Fat’s New Frontier.” 24 July 2012. ABC News: Foreign Correspondent. Web. .

BBC. “GlaxoSmithKline to Pay $3bn in US Drug Fraud Scandal.” 2 July 2012. BBC News: US and Canada. Web. .

Rogers, Wendy A and Annette J Braunack-Mayer. Practical Ethics for General Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.

Wolf, Martin. “The Morality of the Market.” Foreign Policy (2003): 47-50. Print

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Safety of recycled water for drinking Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Whether recycled water is safe for drinking

Conclusion

References

Introduction Water recycling is the process by which individuals harness, treat and reuse water for various purposes. It may occur through water reclamation. This involves the treatment of sewage effluent for domestic and commercial use. Alternatively, recycled water may come from storm water or rain water.

Potable use is the human consumption of recycled water while planned reuse refers to deliberate treatment of wastewater for other uses. Recycled water holds a lot of promise in the field of agriculture and industry, but its application as a potable source is still quite contentious, limited and risky.

Whether recycled water is safe for drinking The question of whether recycled water is safe for drinking is of high relevance to a discussion on water-borne diseases because raw waste water contains high amounts of faecal matter, so it takes a rigorous and fool proof method to eradicate all disease-causing pathogens in recycled waste water.

Ashbolt (2004) explains that ingestion of unsafe drinking water transmits waterborne diseases. Usually, the water supply system of predisposed communities is susceptible to faecal contamination; over 1415 species of pathogens can be found in untreated waste water. Urine and faeces transmit these illnesses and may lead to severe complications or death. Typical examples include cholera, typhoid, gastroenteritis, infectious hepatitis, bacillary dysentery and amoeba, rotavirus, Escherichia Coli and Guardia Lamblia.

Treatment of waste water may minimise certain pathogens, but in highly infected water, it is difficult to eliminate all of them. Furthermore, recycling methods need to correspond to the development of new water-borne diseases. Scientists must also be aware of the genetic evolution of pathogens, which may make conventional treatment methods inadequate. Chemicals may also threaten public health if present in recycled water.

Conventional treatment may eliminate some chemicals, but could leave trace elements. Esposito et. al. (2005) affirm that the health effects of trace contaminants are still unclear at this point. Some organic compounds can disrupt hormonal systems even under extremely low concentrations. The international public health community is yet to create standards that would regulate treatment of waste water.

Therefore, parties must use a multi-thronged approach which would require elimination of all the threats at different levels (Steyn et. al. 2004). This is not just painstaking; it may cause excessive use of municipal and government resources. Toze (2006) explains that membrane filtration is one of the few effective routes of treating wastewater for portable use. However, it is quite expensive and takes a long time to complete. Jimenez and Chavez (2004) underscore the need for rigor in the treatment of wastewater for domestic purposes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They assert that one must follow the fate of all the pollutants in the effluent in order to ascertain that they are absent. Esposito et. al. (2005) also outline some of the processes that waste water must go through during treatment. Disinfection and filtration systems in combination with secondary water treatment are effective for removing a portion of pathogens. The resulting product would only be sufficient for irrigation or non potable use.

On the other hand, ultrafiltration would minimise the risks associated with suspended particles. Sometimes certain pathogens are resistant to these processes. For instance, if one uses tertiary treatment on recycled water, one is likely to find viruses like cryptosporidium (Toze 2006). Elimination of chemicals is also essential in making recycled water safe for ingestion.

It would include the use of a series of treatments like nano-filtration, advanced oxidation as well as reverse osmosis. Ion exchange, biological degradation and chemical precipitation, are some synonyms of the above processes (Morud 2009). Owing to the complexity and diversity of disease-causing organisms and compounds in raw waste water, it is difficult to assure consumers of complete eradication of these pathogens in drinking water.

A number of advocates claim that recycled water is safe for drinking because water supply for key cities still comes from downstream rivers, which contain sewage effluent. However, using such a justification would be replacing one ill with another. It is one thing for cities to source their water from downstream rivers, with possible sewage contaminants.

On the other hand, when the concerned institution deliberately takes sewage effluent, then this increases the concentration of pathogens (DTI 14). It would increase the health risks of the population substantially when countries replace contaminated river water with sewage effluent.

Toze (2006) states that the concentration of pathogens in raw water supply highly affects the risks associated with treated waste water. If these sources have a high concentration of pathogens, health risks would increase. The author further states that treatment methods in current use leave certain pathogens in waste water. Cities such as New York are already investing so much in the cleanup of their water supply systems or estuaries (Esposito et. al. 2005).

Furthermore, public health officials suggest the placement of barriers as an effective method of protecting the masses form recycled water risks. One way would be preventing direct contact with contaminants. Therefore, it would almost retrogressive to use sewage effluent if it is already perceived as a health problem in many parts of the world.

We will write a custom Essay on Safety of recycled water for drinking specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Evidence from real-life cases is not sufficient to warrant consideration of recycled water for ingestion. Case studies on potable water reuse are few and hard to analyse. For instance, Anderson (2003) cites Orange County, in California, as one example. The county built a water reclamation plant that would treat water to drinking standard.

Not only did it employ a series of aquifers, but it also injected the water under high pressure. After fifteen years of intensive work, the recycled water was still not used for drinking. Po et. al. (2003) also talks about the controversies involved in portable reuse. For instance, Singapore worked on a project known as NEWater. The government wanted the project to curb dependence on other countries for water supply.

The Singaporean government even packaged the commodity in bottles such that the public could drink it conveniently. However, this plan did not work as few were willing to drink it. While the failure of the project failed due to public squeamishness towards the product, it still denied advocates of recycled water for potable use from having a tangible case study that could support their stand. Sometimes politics may come in the way of successful implementation of such projects.

Scientific backing may exist to support the safety of a water reclamation project. However, if lobbyists and other political groups undermine the implementation of the scheme, then one cannot study the immediate and long term effects of ingesting recycled water. As a result, it is not possible to make conclusive statements about the project. Namibia is a recurrent case study in water recycling analyses.

The city has been consuming recycled water from as far back as 1968. However, people rarely use recycled water directly in this country. Residents prefer blending the recycled water with conventional water. Sometimes the blend may be as high as 1:1 or may account for a quarter of the system in use (Anderson 2003). Direct portable reuse is not widespread because it requires transportation of recycled water from treatment plants into people’s homes.

The public and the scientific community are still not certain about the rigors of the treatment process. Therefore, many of them prefer to go for the indirect potable route (Marks et. al. 2006). If the pioneer of recycled water for potable use (Namibia) still cannot place all their confidence in reclaimed water, then one should question the plausibility of using the product for personal and human consumption.

Conclusion Recycled water is not safe for drinking because of the health risks involved. Conventional treatment methods do not eliminate all microbes or chemical contaminants, and this could be dangerous. Additionally, few case studies exist to analyse the long term effect of 100% use (without blending) of recycled water among the masses.

Therefore, one cannot employ the method without support from conventional treatment systems. Finally, deliberate introduction of wastewater into water supply systems would increase the number of contaminants that require eradication, and this would pose a greater health risk than contaminated downstream water. Unless stakeholders eradicate these bottlenecks, then recycled water should not be treated as safe for drinking.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Safety of recycled water for drinking by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Anderson, J 2003 ‘The environmental benefits of water recycling and reuse’, Water Science and Technology, vol. 3 no. 4, pp. 1-10.

Ashbolt, N 2004 ‘Microbial contamination of drinking water and disease outcomes in developing regions’, Technology, vol. 198 no. 3, pp. 229-238.

DTI 200 ‘Water recycling and reuse in Singapore and Australia’, DTI Global Watch Mission Report, November, p. 1-79.

Esposito, K, Tsuchihashi, R, Anderson, J

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Definition of the Win-Win Negotiation Case Study cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Challenges Facing Microfinance Institutions

Tameer Microfinance Bank and Telenor Pakistan Negotiations

Problems Overcome: Win-Win

Conclusion

References

Introduction A win-win negotiation is a pact that benefits all the parties involved in an equal manner. As such, both the sides in the negotiation produce a pact that is workable and advantageous to them (DInnocenzo, 2011). This essay seeks to discuss a concrete case that involved a win-win negotiation.

Challenges Facing Microfinance Institutions Most Microfinance institutions face similar challenges. Key among these challenges is the inability to reach new customers due to cost implications (Kumar, Claudia,

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Technology and Communication Paper Report college admission essay help: college admission essay help

It has always been a challenge for the criminal justice personnel to get adequate information about criminals without the use new technologies. The use of specialized databases in law enforcement has increased in recent years because of the need for quick and accurate information about criminals (Dempsey, 2011).

Specialized databases are very critical in law enforcement because they have improved access and storage of information in the criminal justice system. It is the responsibility of the police and federal agencies to protect citizens using the available technologies (Dempsey, 2011).

Police agencies were initially reluctant to accept the new technologies due to privacy concerns but the dependability of these security technologies has always improved with time. Some of the commonly used technologies by the criminal justice personnel include mobile data terminals, facial recognition, live scan and the iris scan (Dempsey, 2011). The accuracy and dependability of specialized databases have made them popular among police agencies.

This report will compare the iris scan and the live scan technologies which are among the few specialized databases that are being used in law enforcement (Reed, 2009). The two technologies are widely used in correctional systems to serve almost the same purpose. The two technologies are normally used in prison for processing inmates in and out of correctional facilities (Reed, 2009).

Despite being around for a longer time compared to the iris scan, a live scan has been found to be slower than the iris scan in processing results. An iris scan is more accurate compared to a live scan especially when the technologies are used in correctional facilities (Reed, 2009).

The release of prisoners is normally very challenging because the correctional officers can end up making a mistake in the process. The two technologies can be used together in ensuring that such a mistake does not happen in correctional facilities (Reed, 2009). The iris scan database is smaller in size compared to the live scan database because the latter is the most recent one.

The use of new technologies in the criminal justice system has come with a lot of positive effects (Reed, 2009). Law enforcement has become more proactive as a result of new technologies. Law enforcement agencies use new technologies to detect crime in advance. The use of new technologies enables the police to cover a wider area in their surveillance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The use of GIS mapping skills enables law enforcers to detect crime even before it happens (Reed, 2009). New technologies have led to better surveillance by law enforcement agencies. There are some crimes such as cyber crimes that require the use technology for effective investigations (Dempsey, 2011). The police can use computer models to detect cyber crimes such as hacking.

The use of technology in the criminal justice system has had significant effects on cases with smaller samples for investigation (Dempsey, 2011). The evolution of forensic science has made it possible for criminals to be identified using their DNA from smaller samples.

Different departments within the criminal justice system can communicate using the new information sharing systems. Law Enforcement Information Systems are very useful when sharing crime information (Dempsey, 2011). The criminal justice system has been advanced by the new technological devices. These devices are very useful in correctional facilities because they help in the process of monitoring offenders.

The iris scan and the live scan databases provide accurate information about criminals in the shortest time possible. The use of computer programs in investigations has contributed to the reduction of computer crimes (Dempsey, 2011). The positive effects of new technologies on the criminal justice system are very many compared to the negative ones.

New technologies are very beneficial but it is important to remember that the technologies have their own shortcomings (Dempsey, 2011). There is a possibility that new technologies can fail to deliver the required results because it is not a guarantee that they will always deliver the expected results. Some of the new technologies can countervail the purpose of policing. Law enforcement officers require training and this increases the cost of policing (Dempsey, 2011).

The new gadgets developed as a result of new technology may be very complex and therefore making it difficult for law enforcement officers to carry out there roles effectively. It is argued that new technologies can make law enforcement officers become complacent because of the availability of security gadgets (Dempsey, 2011). The use of new technologies in controlling crime has made criminals to also come up with their own technologies of avoiding the police.

New technologies have made many law enforcement officers to lose their jobs because most of their roles have been replaced by technology (Reed, 2009). Technologies such as the CCTV camera infringe on some civil liberties which may cause a conflict between the public and law enforcers (Reed, 2009). The nature of crimes has continually changed due to the use of new technologies in the criminal justice system.

We will write a custom Report on Technology and Communication Paper specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More New technologies have made the criminal justice system to be vulnerable for manipulation (Reed, 2009). Criminals can hack into specialized databases with an aim of altering information. The use new technology in the criminal justice system without adequate legislation has been a challenge for prosecutors relying on technological evidence to prosecute criminal cases. New technologies have therefore introduced some loopholes in the criminal justice system.

The facial recognition technology and the iris scan technology are the most suitable specialized technologies for use in law enforcement. The two technologies are the most accurate when it comes to recognition (Dempsey, 2011). The facial recognition and the iris scan technologies do not need interaction with the person being identified.

There are very few technologies that can be used to serve the crime deterrent purpose (Dempsey, 2011). The information captured using these two technologies can be used in future investigations. The two technologies have a short processing time and do not require any contact with the person being identified.

The iris scan and the facial recognition technology are very reliable because it is very easy to protect information from facial biometrics. The technologies have very minimal chances of false matches because the biometric information captured using the two technologies can not be manipulated easily. Iris scan identification can last up to thirty years without the possibility of the identification information changing (Dempsey, 2011).

The other reason why the two technologies are the most suitable is because they are not limited by numbers. The new technologies can identify millions of people in specialized databases (Dempsey, 2011).

In conclusion, the use of new technologies in law enforcement has a lot of benefits compared to shortcomings. The nature of crimes has really changed with technology and it is therefore very necessary for law enforcement officers to respond accordingly by using appropriate technologies (Reed, 2009). Specialized technologies such as facial recognition and the iris scan have really simplified the identification process.

Despite having their shortcomings, specialized technologies have really revolutionalized the criminal justice system especially when it comes to identification (Reed, 2009). Biometric technologies have been widely accepted because of their accuracy and speed in identification.

References Dempsey, J. (2011). An introduction to policing. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Technology and Communication Paper by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reed, B. (2009). Future technology in law enforcement: A reprint from FBI law enforcement. New York, NY: DIANE Publishing.

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Consumer Attitude Towards Organic Food Essay college essay help: college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Consumer attitude towards organic Food

Conclusion

Annotated Bibliography

References

Introduction Production of organic food is one of the attempts to produce enough food for an ever increasing human population. This technology of food production does not use inputs such as pesticides and fertilizers. It has been alleged that organic food may be better than conventional food because of the avoidance of using pesticides in growing organic food.

Claims that organic food is sweeter than conventional food have not been proved scientifically. So far organic food has been shown to be safe for human consumption. As is the case for any other product entering a market, consumer acceptance is of great significance. This report examines consumer attitude that has been formed towards organic food.

Consumer attitude towards organic Food Researches carried out to find out the attitude that consumers have towards organic food have recorded positive results in favor of the food. It has been shown that consumers generally view organic food positively.

Griffith and Nesheim (2008, p. 1) found that consumers prefer organic food for three reasons: quality of the food was the main reason followed by health concerns and lastly environmental concerns. This study shows that consumers are very keen on the quality of food they buy and that they have a belief that organic food is of the right quality.

One aspect which might have propagated this belief is the fact that organic food is not grown with the help of pesticides and fertilizers. It is also worth noting that organic food is only grown by few companies which are closely monitored by the government. This aspect of close monitoring may create some comfort in consumers and lead them to believe that the food is grown in the best manner and most hygienic conditions possible.

The second reason given above by consumers is health concerns. If organic food is perceived to be of the right quality, as already explained above, then it follows that it will further be perceived that it is the right food for human consumption. The last reason is that of environmental concerns and this so because organic food avoids the use of pesticides and fertilizers. Pesticides are known to pollute the air and depending on the type of fertilizers used the soil may as well be polluted.

In an attempt to look into the future market for organic food, Stobbelaar et al. (2006, p. 1) carried out a research to find out the attitude of adolescents towards organic food.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The research showed that the adolescents have a positive attitude towards organic food but their knowledge about organic food is limited. It was found that the knowledge that one has about organic determines the attitude formed towards organic food. This is because the knowledge one has concerning a product forms the basis upon which an opinion about that product is developed.

It was shown that adolescents have various reasons for viewing organic food positively. Taste is the most important factor that influences them to favorably view organic foods. The second factor in order of priority is appearance followed by price and lastly storage life.

Despite the fact that the adolescents seem to have a positive attitude towards organic food, the reasons they give for their attitude may raise some questions. For instance, the top reason was taste. The taste of organic food is known to be the same as that of conventional food and therefore why the adolescents choose taste as a top reason is a bit unclear.

The research further showed that the young people view the food to be fit for human consumption. Girls are more positive about organic food compared to boys. It was also shown that adolescents in higher grades are more positive about organic food than those in lower grades. It was further shown that the adolescents are likely to buy organic food when they grow up (Stobbelaar et al. 2006).

There are various lessons which can be drawn from the research carried out by Stobbelaar et al. (2006). It should be noted that acquiring more knowledge about organic food enables a person to have a more positive attitude toward the food. Therefore, it is expected that as people learn more about organic food, its general acceptance level will raise.

It was also noted that children whose parents were environmental conscious were likely to positively view organic food. Along this finding, it will be logical to argue that the views of people who have some influence on adolescents are likely to be adopted by the adolescents. Parents, teachers and older siblings have a huge influence on how adolescents view many things around them. Though the adolescents positively view organic food, their motivation differs from that of adults.

Pearson, Henryks and Jones (2010, p. 1) have shown that organic food is generally positively rated in the society. They arrived at this conclusion by reviewing studies carried out over the past 20 years to determine the acceptability of organic food in the society. This review is of great significance because it helps to show a trend in the attitude of the society towards organic food over a considerable period of time.

We will write a custom Essay on Consumer Attitude Towards Organic Food specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Their finding was that over the past 20 years, studies have been consistent in proving that organic food is positively rated by consumers. However, something that raises questions is that the positive rating has been shown not to be proportional to the overall purchase of organic food.

It seems that consumers positively rate organic food but do not go a step further to buy this food. To me this is more of a contradiction. It is a proof that consumers might be having reservations on organic food though they seem to rate it positively. In such a case, can it be really said that consumers prefer organic food? Organic food has failed to attract consumer preference despite the fact that it has obtained high positive rates among the consumers.

Conclusion Consumer preference for organic food is still at its infancy. Though consumers generally seem to positively rate organic food, concerns have come up about their preference for the same. It is therefore logical to conclude that organic food is not widely accepted by the society though it is positively rated.

Annotated Bibliography Pearson, D., Henryks, J

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‘Civil Liberties: Individual versus Society Rights’ Essay writing essay help

The debate about whether the rights of the individual should assume precedence over the rights of the society continues to attract interest from scholars, legal practitioners, politicians and other mainstream commentators.

These rights, popularly known as civil liberties, are enshrined in the constitutions of many progressive countries around the world, and function to provide individuals with freedoms to do certain things without restraint from their respective governments. The present paper aims to employ the justice perspective to evaluate if the rights of the individual are more supreme than the rights of the society.

Civil liberties have been described as an assortment of rights and freedoms that act to provide an individual with specific inalienable rights safeguarded by the constitution.

Although the scope and usage of the term varies between countries, some well-known civil liberties point to the direction that individual rights should take precedence over the rights of the society. For example, countries such as Iran and North Korea have considerably constrained individual rights of their citizens, including the freedom of conscience, religion, expression, assembly and association.

As a result of this suppression, individuals in these countries remain totally disillusioned and helpless in the face of anarchy and despondency dressed as socialism or social democracy. Such scenarios send a strong message that the rights of the society cannot be seen to exist independently of the rights of the individual. From the Supreme Court jurisdiction, therefore, it is plausible to first guarantee the rights of the individuals because society is non-existent without the citizenry.

Some scholars and mainstream commentators have argued that the key to finding a successful, productive society is striking a balance between the inherent civil liberties of the individual and the rights of the society. But while this argument seems attractive in every sense, it should be remembered that in many cases the rights of the society encroaches on the rights of individuals, rendering them ineffective to enjoy basic inalienable rights such as the right to own property and the right to a fair trial in a court of law.

In developing countries in Africa and Asia, we have heard of cases where government machinery subjects the citizenry to untold suffering to silence them from exercising their constitutionally given freedoms of association and expression. Such blatant abuse of individual rights to protect the rights of a minority in the society serves to demonstrate that that the rights of individuals should always be upheld if they do not encroach on the rights and freedoms of other individuals.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lastly, it is important to mention that the good of the society can only be achieved by upholding the rights of individuals and not vice-versa. Although individual rights must be intrinsically related to doing what is most beneficial to the society, they must be guaranteed and safeguarded on primal basis to ensure the birth and existence of the society.

Once the existence of the society is guaranteed, individuals residing in this society must participate in making formal rules and laws that guard against some people who would want to encroach on the rights and freedoms of others. It is for this reason that we have the society and its system of legal justice. Consequently, as Supreme Court justice, it would be plausible to first guarantee the rights of individuals as doing so would automatically guarantee the rights and freedoms of the society.

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A Reflection Paper about Religion in Society Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

How has religion influenced politics? My take is that religion has a tremendous impact on politics. For example, in the United States government, religion has an extremely growing influence. This is to the extent that lawmakers feel distracted. To illustrate this, during the latest debate on healthcare, President Obama had to consent to an executive order, which stipulated that federal finances would never be directed towards abortion.

Without his consent, the vital legislation would not have been passed, irrespective of his personal stand on abortion. According to me, religion is being used by conservatives to promote their missions, which is detrimental to any country.

In my opinion, another current issue is gay marriage. A keen reflection gives the proof that people consent that gay marriage is a sin. This is entirely because of biblical scriptures. A majority of the countries argue that there should be a separation between the state and church. In addition, every individual is permitted to practice the religion he wishes, without the fear that he might be persecuted.

However, different individuals are persecuted every day, which is attributable to the religious beliefs of one group. My take is that this is exceptionally ridiculous. There are so many accusations in the media concerning religious beliefs. There are immense laws at the local and state levels, which shun working on Sundays. These laws have their origins in religion.

Majority of the electoral processes require the candidates to consent to the relevant religious stances. I support the fact that religion has no place in politics. My opinion is that religion is a private sphere. In this case, people hold their opinions as individuals and members of the church they choose to belong.

On the other hand, politics is concerned with the public concept, where people are participants in the wider community, which is the nation or city. In essence, people in a nation hold varying religious beliefs. In my opinion, this distinction is necessary, considering the violence and hatred that has been linked to religious differences. It is necessary for countries to agree to disagree, as far as matters regarding such issues are concerned. This is because upholding a civil society becomes extremely difficult.

The idea that religion should be excluded from politics leads to the development of two different perspectives. The differing claims from various religions are seen as absurd and, therefore, ignored. Others hold their religious perspectives dearly, but are afraid of the political success.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is religious fundamentalism? Irrespective of the fact that religious fundamentalism has a wide array of historical characteristics, it is a modern world concept, which came up during the 1970s and 80s. In my opinion, religious fundamentalism is basically a political thought feature, as opposed to a political decree and opinion.

The manifestations used in this concept imply the operational and doctrinal variations in principal global religions. It is worth pointing out that some versions of the concept are linked to anti- constitutional and violence demonstrations. On the other hand, other versions advocate for peaceful actions and adhering to the law.

My take is that religious fundamentalism mainly deals with denying the difference between politics and religions. Therefore, religious fundamentalism focuses on terminating secularism, and making religion a global concept. In regard to this, religious fundamentalists see religion as an institution made up of unquestionable principles.

These principles direct how people should behave, as well as the management of political, economic, and social life. Most of the times, religious fundamentalism’ principles are drawn from the sacred texts, which imply agreement with scriptural literalism. During other times, the principles are as a result of comprehensive and active analysis of texts, which might reduce the perceptiveness and intricacy of scripture. This enhances a theo- political work.

I think that in religious fundamentalism, modernization is perceived to be decline, proclamation of godless secularism, and decay. Therefore, anti- modernism is advocated for in religious fundamentalism. However, fundamentalists embrace mass communication techniques. All religions have mixed feelings towards fundamentalism.

However, some religions may be more affiliated to fundamentalist developments as opposed to others. It is worth noting that Islamic fundamentalism is more politically oriented. Irrespective of the unique Shi’a and Sunni versions, as far as political Islam is concerned, there are several other subjects within the religion. One of these themes is that the society can be renewed, so that it adheres to Islam ideals and religious philosophies.

This implies the replacement of current secular government with an Islamic government, where religious authority and philosophies override political authority and philosophies. In my view, the values from the West are corrupt, which disapproves a jihad. In the United States of America, fundamentalism is seen through the novel Christian right, where traditional values are attributed significant importance.

We will write a custom Essay on A Reflection Paper about Religion in Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This results to social conservatism. In my opinion, ethnic nationalism is promoted by fundamentalism is Israel (Judaism), India (Sikhism and Hinduism), and Sri Lanka (Buddhism). I think that religious fundamentalism is given immense value, since it promotes understanding in a world, where there is so much confusion and doubt.

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Having internal alignment among your old and new sales forces Essay best essay help

The case study involves Cannon Associates, which is a sales firm located in Richmond. Rick James is the sales manager who has been in the company for a number of years. His responsibilities involve managing 16 sales associates working on different regions, as well as inside sales representatives. The employed sales representative’s ages range from 20 to around sixty years.

The sales manager has been hiring sales representatives who are young as he believes they have a high potential, motivated and goal oriented. Looking at his career, he got the job while young and inexperienced salesperson, which may be reason, believes in hiring young sales representatives. His opinion is that with training and mentorship, this group of young people will lead the company future.

Rick frustration Despite Rick’s efforts to help the company grow despite the age difference between the workers, there has been a gap between the young salesmen and the old sales representatives. This situation has been a serious threat in the running of the company. The older sales representatives claim that the young salesmen are not quick to learn and do not want to accept their failures. The young sales complain that the older generation looks down upon them and do not trust their work ethics.

The internal complains in the company has become so remorseful that he spends most of time solving the disputes between the two groups. This is a situation which can lead to loss of accounts. A customer call confirms his situation is worsening. The customer says she has seen the tension created in sales personnel. Rick needs an immediate action so that he can save the firm from impending disaster.

Taking action after noticing a problem Having been an employee for 12 years, Rick is an old employee hence can identify more with veteran sales representatives. He has taken the initiative and tried to make the employees see both sides as equals. He has tried to make his representatives see their way of criticizing one another is not good for the company development. This has failed as both sides are not willing to admit and compromise.

Team building exercise occurs in his firm from hired professionals. This worked in solving the problem but the relief is short-lived as another complain comes from customer. The customer had noted the wrangles between inside and outside sales representative which had affected her order. Rick tries to make the sales representatives to be more professional with each other as they deal with each other.

His first action to unite the workforce has failed Looking for other alternatives

After failing to unite the sales representatives, he thinks of a second plan. His second plan must maximize the workers cooperation by minimizing the conflicts. He considers the following: admonishing sales team, reorganizing it the team; firing on performance; regular team building as well as shifting corporate culture. Rick after taking time comes up with a new strategy to resolve the problem (Tanner 421-423).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Importance of the case study in business management

The case is a momentous one as it shows how to manage workforce in when there is internal conflict. The necessity of an immediate action as well as making follow-ups knows whether the solution provided has worked. In managing the sales team, cooperation is of paramount interest, and once it lacks, it poses a threat which is lack of sales.

The case situation is one which shows how one as a sales manager should take the initiative to unite the work force. This can only be achieved by noticing the workers problem and working on a plan to solve it. Division among the workforce has to be addressed by all means possible.

To resolve conflict, as seen in this case, it involves understanding the viewpoint of the groups involved. This is one of the key factors in resolution of conflict. When there is a conflict as seen in the Cannon Associate case, there must be a mediation process which occurs in three steps below.

Preparing for resolution

Acknowledge the conflict- the management has to acknowledge that the conflict exists. If the management does not recognize the problem, the process of resolution cannot start. Rick had to identify the conflict on the sales staff so that he could start looking on how to resolve the problem.

Discussing the impact- the management team has to sit down and look at the expected outcome of the conflict on the business performance.

Make parties agree to cooperate- the parties involved must be willing to work together so that the means to resolve the conflict can be found. This can be seen in this case study when Rick puts up a workshop to help in team building. All parties participates in team building workshop. Though it fails, the management does not give up. A good sales manager like Rick must be ready to look for all alternatives to resolve conflicts and boost sales.

Communication- the resolution process can only happen if the parties are willing to communicate and open to each other.

Understanding the situation

Rick hears every side of argument before taking the step to resolve. He listens to the young sales representatives as well as old so as to know the true nature of the argument.

Search for agreement

Making each party understand the position of each other. This then comes after the decision on the decision on what path to take to resolve the situation this appears as Rick looks for solutions in this case. The manager has to look for a solution that favors no side so that it is accepted.

It is also crucial to note that conflict in an organization needs to be resolved instantly. It is the work of manager in a business to deal with conflicts as soon as they arise as seen in this case.

Works Cited Tanner, Jeff. Sales Management. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2009. Print

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Beyond the Nuclear Family Essay (Movie Review) essay help

Today, the role and form of a modern family are the most discussed questions. In spite of the fact a family remains to be an important social institution, the associated aspects and norms are changed significantly.

Such issues as the definition of family, family structures and roles, influential factors for changing families, and the family of the future are discussed in Beyond the Nuclear Family directed by Suzi Taylor (Beyond the Nuclear Family, 2008). These questions need to be discussed because the vision of the modern family differs much from the stereotypical vision of a conventional family.

According to the ideas presented in the movie, family structures are diverse, and it is almost impossible to define the modern family. From this point, a family can be discussed as the unity of people living together who are connected basing on their shared values and beliefs and the ancestral background; and today it is not always a heterosexual couple with children which serves as the example of the traditional family.

The movie focuses on the discussion of the problem of norm and conventionality in relation to family. Thus, a modern family cannot be discussed from the perspective of these concepts because there are no limits in the variety of the modern family forms.

Heterosexual and homosexual couples with or without children as well as single-parent families are the present-day norm, although several decades ago these forms of families were unaccepted, and these family relations were discriminated. The members of the families discussed in the movie state that the family structure does not matter, if there is support, love, unity, and comfortable atmosphere (Beyond the Nuclear Family, 2008).

Concentrating on the factors which influence the changes in families and roles, it is necessary to pay attention to the changes of the female roles, active participation of women in the workforce, birth control, and decline of religion. The authors of the movie emphasize the fact that women were housewives and performed the child-rearing role during the 1950s, but then women became to participate actively in the social life while working and doing housework (Beyond the Nuclear Family, 2008).

This situation contributed to declining the fertility rates because of the unfriendly working environments. Today, many women choose career instead of motherhood or try to combine all the social functions. The women’s choice is based on their desire, but not on the definite social norms and stereotypes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A lot of social changes and technological innovations such as feminist movements, birth control methods, and IVF techniques along with the increased social tolerance towards same-sex, single-parent, or childless families led to the significant changes in the vision of the family and provided the opportunities to choose the family life according to the individual needs and desires, without references to religion or prejudice.

Although the family of the future depends on the ideas of diversity and flexibility, the basic principles of family remain to be unchanged. Thus, family is the community of people who provide support, respect, and love for each other. However, it is the individual right to choose the age of creating a family or planning a child.

The main ideas presented in Beyond the Nuclear Family support the opinion that a modern family is free from stereotypes, and it is more flexible in comparison with the conventional family typical for the 1950s. The structures and roles are changed, but more possibilities to satisfy the individual needs exist now with references to the right to choose.

Reference Beyond the Nuclear Family. (2008). Web.

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Moral Obligations in Environment Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

The environment constitutes of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and the atmosphere. Synergy between the four components of the environment is crucial to the stability of the environment. The biosphere constitutes of all living things. The diverse views regarding the ethical approach the human beings should employ to address current environmental issues is a key concern among philosophers.

While some individuals propose the need for humans to incorporate aspects of moral obligation in their interaction with the environment, opponents of the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics consider an anthropocentric system as the only suitable basis for interacting with the environment. An analysis of animal rights, living things and ecological systems illustrates the need for moral obligations in environmental ethics.

The moral obligation of human beings arises because all living things have a natural value. The sole condition for the attainment of an intrinsic value is that an element in the environment possesses the characteristics of a living thing. In this regard, other than human beings, other living things in the environment deserve moral respect. Therefore, to revere the worth of all living things, human beings should adopt the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics.

The basic concept of the value of a living thing depends on the ability to enjoy benefits or suffer due to unfavourable conditions in the environment (Williston 2012, p.57). Thus, the growth and development of all elements in the biosphere is subject to human activities. An appropriate ecological system determines the existence of all living things including humans.

The lack of an ecological equilibrium increases the vulnerability of living things to unfavourable environmental factors. The adoption of the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics is crucial to the sustenance of ecological equilibrium. Moral obligation incorporates moral rights and aspects of being morally considerable.

Although human beings are the only sentient beings and thus have the greatest degree of moral standing in the environment, they should interact with the environment without being morally inconsiderate. Despite the fact that it is difficult to measure the level of pleasure or pain that some living things such as trees experience due to human activities, the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics ensure that human beings do not violated the moral standing of other living things.

Anything with wants and needs has a moral standing (Williston 2012, p.115). Living things such as trees need water, light and nutrients. In this regard, human beings have an obligation to uphold moral respect when interacting with the environment. The observable strive by living things to grow and develop clearly illustrates the need of the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics to create an accommodative environment.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The perception of land has always been in terms of its economic use. In this regard, the interaction between human beings and land often overlooks aspects of land ethics.

Personal or community land that does not possess economic value is subject to human destructions. Areas such as wet lands, dunes and deserts lack the key factors that prohibit human beings from destroying land. However, evaluating land in terms of its role in sustaining ecological equilibrium introduces the need for a non-anthropocentric approach on the valuation of land.

Land, irrespective of its economic value, plays a key role in the sustenance of biological production and resources used by living things. In this regard, the lack of moral obligation in human beings when interacting with land amounts to a violation of the moral standing of living things. Because land is a key element in the ecological system, it shares the same level of ecological value awarded to plants and animals.

Thus, since human beings have a moral obligation towards plants and animals, they should observe the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics when interacting with land. Land ethics promote sustainable human practices that ensure the management and use of natural resources expands to incorporate the definition of a moral community. In this regard, the value human beings attach to land should incorporate love, respect and admiration.

Amoral community eliminates the aspect of superiority granted to human beings so that they become members of a large biotic community. Promoting proper interconnection between the lithosphere and biosphere requires the adoption of the non-anthropocentric environmental ethic (Williston 2012, p.213).

Moral inconsideration towards land poses various threats to members of the biosphere. Thus, benefits or damages to land due to inconsiderate human activities are likely to replicate in the biosphere and thus affect the sustenance of moral obligation even among human beings. The biosphere greatly benefits the lithosphere and thus the two components of the environment should work in synergy.

Concepts of moral obligation towards land apply to the protection of the hydrosphere and atmosphere. These two components of the environment are crucial in the sustenance of ecological equilibrium. Pollutants have adverse effects on the sustenance of growth and development of living things. Thus, human activities that introduce harmful component in the environment disregard the value of other living things.

We will write a custom Essay on Moral Obligations in Environment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Adopting the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics ensures that the interconnection of various components of the environment does not hamper growth and development, which is a key obligation for human beings. Although environmental conservation enhances aspects of class differences and thus hampers the focus on the elimination of human dominance in a biotic community, it is a key role for human beings considering their level of consciousness.

The implementation of the non-anthropocentric environmental ethics does not mean that human beings should relinquish their roles and status in the ecosystem. However, they should operate within a framework that recognizes the value of all the components of the environment. The interdependence of the components of the environment means that human beings cannot survive by sustaining their moral obligation only to fellow humans.

Ecological equilibrium is sustainable if human perceptions of the environment promote the recognition of individual organisms and their dependence on other components of the environment. A non-anthropocentric approach promotes the realization that organisms in an ecosystem are interdependent, and that human beings cannot exist in disregard to the moral rights and moral standing of other things in the environments.

Conclusion Respecting living things involves supporting their growth and development. Protecting the worth of living things does not mean that human beings should desist from activities such as eating. The non-anthropocentric environmental ethics promote the concept of cooperation amongst various components of the environment to sustain ecological equilibrium. The sustenance of a symbiotic relationship between living things eliminates the idea of dominance, which increases human tendency towards moral inconsideration.

Human beings have a greater role in promoting and protecting growth and development because they have the highest degree of rationality among all components of the environment. Human activities should consider the impacts of the interconnection of various components in the environment to avoid infringing on the value and moral standing of all living things.

Reference List Williston, B. 2012, Environmental ethics for Canadians, Don Mills, Oxford University Press: Don Mills, Ont.

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Marketing Research Project of Hot Oven Restaurant Research Paper college admissions essay help

Background Hot Oven Restaurant has experienced a reduction in sales because of different reasons which have affected its operations negatively. The firm is looking for a way to improve its performance in the market to increase its revenues. Hot Oven restaurant is a fast food chain located in Manhattan, and serves mainly blue collar workers who work nearby.

Hot Oven Restaurant has been in business for the last two years and in this period, it has never registered positive results in its operations. It has been making losses which have had a negative effect on its growth prospects. Hot Oven’s menu is basic and only caters for blue collar workers who consume their meals quickly before going back to work. Hot Oven Restaurant has eight employees who perform different functions such as waiting tables, cleaning dishes and cooking restaurant meals.

Many clients have complained about different issues regarding the quality of services offered by the restaurant which has affected its reputation in the market. Customers have complained that the firm’s menu is very basic and needs to be expanded to cater for a wide variety of consumer preferences. They have also complained that the firm’s employees are not polite and this discourages them from making return visits to the restaurant.

They have asked the management on several occasions to make quality improvements to satisfy their expectations, but their requests have not been addressed. The restaurant recently registered a loss in its end of year results which is not encouraging for its long term prospects. Its owner has realized that the time has come to initiate a shift in business strategy to enable the restaurant grow its revenues in the market. This research project seeks to identify ways through which the firm can carry out internal improvements in its operations.

Situation Analysis Hot Oven Restaurant has been in operation for the last two years. The restaurant mainly serves Blue Collar workers who work in Manhattan. The firm has not made any profits in the last two financial years and this has impacted negatively on its operations. The restaurant offers fast food meals to its clients who do not have the luxury of eating in a relaxed environment.

The restaurant faces serious challenges as it seeks to restructure its operations to help it improve its performance in the market. Hot Oven’s market strategy is not effective and this has slowed down its growth. The restaurant needs to introduce new services which add value to its status in the market to help it grow its revenues.

Core Problem/ Opportunity The firm operates in open environment where the market is not highly differentiated. Its competitors are small eateries which target a similar customer base. This provides the firm with a good opportunity to add value to services it offers in the restaurant to improve their levels of satisfaction. Hot Oven needs to carry out a market study to determine needs and expectations of its clients.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The firm needs to gather more information from its clients to understand their perceptions and opinions regarding its services in the market. This approach will help the firm to improve its performance because it will understand which key areas of its operations need to be improved. This will help the restaurant to increase the amount of sales revenues it receives. Hot Oven needs to improve the quality of all its operations to become more competitive in the market.

This will have a positive impact on its reputation in the market because it will help the firm establish strong relationships with its clients. Hot Oven should assess opportunities and challenges it is likely to experience in the market it operates in. This will help the firm’s management to understand if these new strategies are viable for its long term operations or not.

Goal The restaurant wants to become one of the best in Manhattan by offering personalized and high quality services to its clients. It intends to improve its reputation in the market by offering an expanded menu and additional services to help it grow its revenues.

Objectives

To increase the number of items on the menu to enable the firm cater to a wide variety of clients.

To increase the firm’s sales and revenues in the next three to six months.

To introduce additional services to help increase the firm’s sources of revenue.

To open up new branches in other sections of Manhattan in the next two years to increase Hot Oven’s market share in the area.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Marketing Research Project of Hot Oven Restaurant specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To establish long term relationships with its clients through constant communication between employees and clients.

The restaurant intends to review its long term strategies to make them more responsive to customer needs and expectations.

To introduce delivery services to customers at an additional fee to enable them access meals and drinks while at home, work or school.

The firm seeks to improve and expand internal sitting arrangements to make customers more comfortable while dining in the restaurant.

Hot Oven intends to improve its supply chain functions to enable it source fresh produce in time without any delays.

Hot Oven seeks to improve its payment systems to enable customers pay for their services through credit and debit cards.

Hypothesis

Hot Oven needs to increase the number of services it offers its clients to help it grow its revenues in the market.

Expansion of Hot Oven’s Target Market

Hot Oven’s target market consists of blue collar workers who work in various sections of Manhattan. The restaurant sells fast foods because its clients prefer packed meals and beverages which they can consume quickly before they go back to work. The restaurant’s internal atmosphere and sitting arrangement does not favor a relaxed dining experience and this discourages some potential clients who do not want to eat their meals in a rush.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Research Project of Hot Oven Restaurant by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The firm’s strategy of selling to lower segments of the market does not serve it well and it needs to change this strategy to improve its long term growth prospects. The firm needs to target other clients to increase its sales in the market. This approach will help the firm to become more competitive in the market (Nargundkar 76).

Hot Oven needs to target clients who like hosting large parties to establish long term relationships with them. It needs to introduce outside catering services to these clients to help it grow its sales revenues and earnings. Hot Oven Restaurant needs to create synergies with event planning firms to enable it provide meals and catering services in different events such as: weddings, graduation parties, birthday celebrations, company launches and reunion parties.

Outside catering services will help the firm to improve its profile in the market which will help it grow the size of its operations in the long term. This approach will help Hot Oven Restaurant to increase its revenue sources which will make the firm more competitive in the market (Nargundkar 87).

Hot Oven needs to begin serving alcoholic drinks and other cocktails in the evenings to enable it attract new clients. The restaurant needs to divide and improve its internal sitting arrangements to attract new clients who seek a relaxing experience. It is necessary for Hot Oven to engage young segments of the market consisting of young men and women who prefer to hang out with their friends and school mates in relaxing environments. The firm needs to target college students and young working class clients aged 21 to 35.

This segment consists of people who are more outgoing and engage in different types of entertainment activities. Hot Oven needs introduce cocktails and other drinks on its menu which can be served to these clients in the evening. The firm needs to encourage young people to try out its cocktails to help it grow its revenues. The restaurant needs to change its décor to have a more relaxed atmosphere in its premises to make clients who visit enjoy spending their time there (Bradley 56).

The firm should consider hiring out its premises to other parties to conduct functions and ceremonies there. The restaurant is located in an open area and has adequate parking space which gives it an advantage.

Hot Oven Restaurant can market itself as an ideal venue for parties, meetings and other ceremonies which clients may be interested in. However, for this to be successful, the restaurant needs to redesign its décor and sitting arrangements. It should also install public address systems and security cameras to boost the confidence of its clients (Bradley 62).

Business Strategies Strategy 1

The firm needs to source funds for its expansion by obtaining loans from financial firms. Hot Oven’s management need to restructure the firm’s business plan to show the changes they intend to make in its operations. Hot Oven needs to have a more solid capital base to enable it effect crucial improvements in its internal operations and processes .

The firm’s management needs to develop a strong financial strategy which will guide the manner in which new sources of capital obtained by the firm will be used. The firm’s management will also have to look at priority areas in the firm and the amount of money to be used to improve these areas.

Strategy 2

The firm needs to improve the quality of its services to make its clients more satisfied. Hot Oven employees need to be trained on effective customer care skills, which will help them serve clients better. The firm needs to introduce internal quality systems to ensure all products and services which are sold to customers have complied with high quality standards.

The management also needs to introduce routine inspections to ensure all internal processes comply with all health standards. It is important for managers to encourage customers to give their feedback regarding services offered to assess the quality of their operations.

Strategy 3

Hot Oven needs to market its improved service portfolio to help it gain positive publicity which will enable it attract new clients. The firm should conduct various promotional campaigns to prepare the market for the shift in market strategy it intends to implement. This will attract more attention to the firm’s services thereby strengthening its position in the market.

Hot Oven needs to design brochures and other fliers which outline changes in its menu and how this benefits customers. The restaurant should use other platforms such as radio, print media and social networking websites to advertise its services so as to attract more clients.

Strategy 4

The firm needs to conduct a market survey to understand perceptions and opinions of customers regarding new changes proposed. This market survey will help the firm to determine which areas of its operations need to be improved to enable it stay competitive in the market. The feedback obtained from clients can be used to make effective changes in internal policies of the firm. Hot Oven Restaurant needs to establish strong relationships with its clients to improve its reputation in the market. A market survey will help the firm understand the behavior of its clients and how it can satisfy their needs better.

Strategy 5

The restaurant needs to improve its internal policies to increase efficiency and productivity. It needs to comply with all licensing, health and environmental regulations to ensure that its services conform to established legal expectations. Financial processes in the organization need to be streamlined to strengthen accountability and integrity.

The firm needs to move away from cash transactions and payments to strengthen internal payment procedures. Hot Oven Restaurant needs to strengthen its human resource policies to ensure the welfare of its workers is catered for properly. The restaurant’s employees need to be taken through more training to improve their skills at work. This will make them more suitable to perform different functions in the firm.

Evaluation Criteria and Tools The firm need to implement several evaluation techniques to assess the quality of its operations. The firm can use the SWOT analysis tool to evaluate the effectiveness of its business strategies. The SWOT analysis will help the firm’s management to understand the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats Hot Oven Restaurant is likely to face in its market environment.

This tool will help the firm’s management to formulate long term strategies which will guide how its internal and external operations will be conducted. This analysis will help the firm’s management to determine the viability of different ideas generated and how they affect its operations in the market. The management will be in a position to set priorities and come up with effective measures to achieve them (Kolb 69).

Results from consumer surveys will be crucial in helping the firm to evaluate if it meets and satisfies the needs of its customers. These surveys will be used to evaluate customer care issues in the firm and how they can be improved to make customers more loyal. These surveys will guide the firm’s marketing teams to develop new products and services.

The marketing team will be in a position to determine the viability of different ideas from consumers before they are developed further. Consumer surveys will make it possible for the firm to evaluate its performance in the market (Kolb 71).

The firm’s management needs to monitor media content highlighting the firm and its services to analyse perceptions that exist in the market regarding its services (Kolb 76). The firm needs to evaluate content on radio stations, blogs, social networking sites and magazines to understand customers’ opinions regarding the quality of its services. The media has a lot of influence on consumer behavior and this requires the firm to assess the publicity it gets in the media to implement proper practices in its operations.

The firm needs to do inspections four times in a year to determine if its operations conform to proper health, safety and environmental standards. Employees need to be assessed to determine their suitability to discharge various functions assigned to them. It is necessary for the firm to conduct audits twice every year to establish if its finances are being handled properly.

Financial audits will help the firm to determine if it is making profits or losses. Inspections and audits will help to strengthen the firm’s internal operations. The firm will be in a position to review all its operations to find out if they are competitive or not (Kolb 79).

Works Cited Bradley, Nigel. Marketing Research: Tools and Techniques. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print.

Kolb, Bonita. Marketing Research: A Practical Approach. London: Sage Publications, 2008. Print.

Nargundkar, Rajendra. Marketing Research: Text and Cases. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.

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Divorce made easier Essay (Movie Review) essay help: essay help

Initially, marriages were designed to last forever, but in the recent past, divorces have become norm. This is facilitated by courts and legislatures that have made it simple.

The legal processes are reduced and anyone filling a petition to seek divorce can be granted without explaining in details the reasons as to why he/she needs to divorce. The parents who have been married for one year can file a petition seeking for divorce on basis of adultery or accusation that the other partner has unacceptable behavior that he/she cannot put up with.

These cultures that accept divorce readily are causing more harm than good to the society. Although the parent assumes their behavior will work for the good of their families, there are dangers that it posses thus it would be advisable for the court to consider the repercussions of divorce and carry out counseling to both parents and children under the age of 18 before issuing divorce.

Although the parent assumes that divorce has no effect on their children, the lives of the children from divorced families are affected even in their adulthood. These children are likely to be exposed to physical and emotional abuse that could result to health and emotional problems. The trauma of their parents’ separation tortures them psychologically since they constantly think that they are the cause.

This creates emotional distance between the children and their parents, which affects their learning and they are likely to repeat the divorce cycle or even develop some behavioral problems as adults. The parenting role is left to the custodian parent only and therefore, the children lack the role models to help them in resolving their conflicts and even in making viable decisions.

The financial position of the divorced parents is affected since they do not apply the economy of scales. The parents have to cater for the expenses of two homes, which sometimes expose them to financial crisis. Statistics show that most of the people who seek welfare assistance are from divorced families. Single parent especially women are forced to work for long to cater for their children thus neglecting the parenting role.

Despite the dangers of divorce, the laws have made its process easier. There are bills passed to quicken the legal processes that issue divorce. The bill seeks to give wives legal right to property owned by the spouse during the period of their marriage. The bill aims at give irretrievable breakdown of marriages a new ground to grant divorce.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The court reduced the compulsory period of at least six months to the period that favors the party filing a petition. Where the couple had agreed on divorce then one party avoids the court to delay the court proceedings, the law had been amended in favor of the party insisting on divorce.

In conclusion, most of the married couples are open to divorce without considering the consequences. The societies have embraced divorce since there are numerous people who are raising their children comfortable as single parents. The legal system has made it easier for the couples that desire to divorce by granting them divorce without getting details of the reasons that are causing them to divorce.

The children are the most affected when these divorces go through and therefore, the judges and the parents ought to think of their welfare before considering it. When divorce cannot be avoided, the couple should seek professional counseling to prepare their children psychological on how to handle the news and coup in absence of one parent. Although many couple considers divorce as the best way to solve their conflicts, the consequences are severe since it causes more harm than good.

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Caught in the Crossfire Essay (Movie Review) college essay help online: college essay help online

Healthy relationships within a family are the fundament for the child’s successful development. However, there are debates on the role of gay families in bringing up children. Sandra Williams, the author of the movie Caught in the Crossfire: Children of Gay and Lesbian Parents (1997), focuses on the discussion of this controversial question because she is a lesbian, and she has a daughter. The impact of the parents’ sexuality on the child’s development is the main concern analyzed in the movie (Caught in the Crossfire, 1997).

The discussion is based on the vision of several children whose parents are gays and lesbians. Children develop successfully and feel happy, if they are desired and loved. Although love, understanding, and support are the main components of the healthy relationships between a child and a parent, the parents’ sexuality can become a real challenge for children because it affects their vision of parents, of themselves, and their interactions within the society.

The conversations with children growing in the families with gay parents presented in the movie support the opinion that only few children can react to their parents’ gay orientation positively. The most typical reactions are anger, distress, anxiety, unwillingness to understand and accept the fact, confusion, and the fear of social ignorance.

From this point, discovering the aspects of the parents’ sexuality, children are challenged, and their life can become more complicated because of the necessity to overcome inner and social stereotypes and biases. Thus, the children’s visions can differ significantly, and the range of reactions is large, including the absolute disagreement and discussion of gay relations as the “sickest thing” and acceptance of the idea along with sharing the mother or father’s sexuality (Caught in the Crossfire, 1997).

It is stated in the movie that the child’s reaction depends on the bond between a parent and a child. If relations in a family are open and positive, based on the mutual understanding, children do not feel that they are betrayed by the fact of the parent’s discovered sexuality which is abnormal in relation to the social visions.

However, it is necessary to pay attention to the opinion of the boy depicted in the movie who states that children should not choose whether to like the situation or not, whether to accept the parent’s sexuality or not (Caught in the Crossfire, 1997).

From this perspective, emphasizing on their sexuality, parents make children choose and take definite positions of acceptance gay relations or not. In spite of the fact those children who are depicted in the movie know about their parents’ sexuality, a lot of them want not to learn that their mother or father is a gay. That is why, parents should understand that their sexuality can affect their children’s emotional and psychological state directly and can create many difficulties associated with the aspects of the social life.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Basing on the research, Sandra Williams concludes that her sexuality can hurt her daughter in the future because of the necessity to accept or understand it. It is important to note that children’s reactions to the fact can be different, depending on their relations with parents, on their desire to understand the situation, and on their personal understanding of all the particular aspects of the issue.

The problem is in the fact that if the relations in a gay family are balanced and children do not feel anxiety or stress, they can feel much confusion interacting with the other people who surround them because of belonging to something unnatural or socially unaccepted.

Reference Caught in the Crossfire: Children of gay and lesbian parents. (1997). Web.

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Movie: The Matrix Essay writing essay help

Introduction Written and directed by Andy and Wachowski, The Matrix is a fiction movie released on March 31, 1999. It has attracted numerous responses from fans who think of it as ingenious, intriguing, and very entertaining piece, as well as critiques who think that it is just an idea borrowed from previous fictional works produced in the past. Nevertheless, it offers a unique perspective on the world and especially with regard to the element of reality. The post-apostolyphic world depicted in this movie is bad.

The movie depicts the co-existence of two worlds. One of the worlds is termed as the “real” world, whereby the sentient machines seize control of the world, imprisons the entire human population, and uses the prisoners as energy sources. The machines live off the heat and electrical energy emitted by people.

The second world is a generic world created by the machines in order to pacify the human being as the machines siphon energy from people by plugging the human beings into an artificial intelligence system known as the Matrix. Once plugged in, the Matrix re-programs the brain to think that what it perceives is actually real and so every person plugged into this system thinks that the life he or she is living is real.

For instance, Thomas Anderson, the main character in the movie, is a computer programmer who has a double life as a hacker going by the name Neo. This side of a hacker is his life in the matrix. In the “real” world though, the machines have plugged him into the Matrix and he has been there ever since.

The entire movie revolves around Thomas, alias Neo, and his quest to free everyone from the Matrix so that together they can fight against the machines and attain their freedom from both the Matrix and the machines that control them. With that in mind, this essay takes a critical look into the generic world, the Matrix. The aim is to establish whether that world is good or bad as depicted in the movie by highlighting some of the advantages and disadvantages as compared to the “real” world.

Demystifying ‘The Matrix’ Everything has its advantages and disadvantages and this age-old aspect is one of the criteria used in the determination of good and bad. Looking at the Matrix from the point of view of the people, one of the discernible advantages is that even though the machines plug people to the system against their will, the people co-exist peacefully without conflict.

Human beings are prone to conflict due to their numerous differences regarding personalities and ideas. This element is notably absent in the Matrix before Neo, in his self-awareness, disrupts it. The existence of peace benefits the machines in that they are able to optimize energy harvesting, but it also enables people to get along without fighting one another.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another notable advantage is that there is synchrony in the running of affairs in the generic world. People do not fight for resources as what they perceive as a good life is controlled by the system. People have jobs and homes and though only generic, they seem “happy” in this state.

Thirdly, those who understand the difference between the ‘real’ world and the Matrix can enter into the simulated reality at will. Their understanding of its nature allows them to compromise its systems of operation laws and by so doing assume herculean abilities that do not work in the real world.

That aside, life in the Matrix also has its demerits. The first disadvantage is the fact that the machines forcefully take away the will and freedom of the human beings, thus leaving them at the mercy of the machines to do as they please.

The danger in this move is that the machines look at things from a self-preservation point of view and although they have sentience, they would consider their own survival pertinent thus dooming the human population to death. This death occurs gradually as the machines drain the energy out of the people for the entirety of their lives until nothing is left.

Another disadvantage is that plugging people into the Matrix makes them prisoners to their perceptions. They lose the cognitive ability to determine the difference between an illusion and reality, which is much akin to the theory of forms discussed in Plato’s Allegory of the Cave.

The theory suggests that the substance of an object lies not in people’s understanding, but the character of that object. In Plato’s view, nescient people amount to restrained individuals in his allegorical cave. As a fire burns behind them, shadows appear on the walls of the cave, but not the real objects. Such individuals confuse shadows with the reality, and in the confusion, the inherent meaning of the reality is lost and ultimately the individuals become captives of the ensuing unending confusion.

The people perceive the shadows as the reality thus losing sight of the true forms of the objects and consequently becoming prisoners of their own false perceptions. Similarly, people plugged into the matrix perceive their lives in the Matrix as real. It is thus more difficult to free themselves from their own perception than it is to free themselves from the machines, even after being unplugged from the Matrix.

We will write a custom Essay on Movie: The Matrix specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, Morpheus asks Neo to twist a spoon with his mind. He tries, but it does not work because he views the spoon as real. However, Morpheus is in a position to do this bending with ease. When asked how it is possible, Morpheus responds by saying, “there is no spoon.”

Due to the lives that people lead in the Matrix, and even though the idea of freedom is seemingly tantalizing, some people get disillusioned when they do get to the ‘real’ world and find that it is not as they expected. It is like leaving a comfortable prison and going into a free world where one has to fight everyday to survive.

To some people, this idea may not seem ideal, thus beating the whole purpose of liberation and setting back the process of attaining freedom. One such example from the movie is Cypher. He willingly joins the rebellion, but upon his encounter with the real world, he gets disillusioned. He strikes a deal with the agents to deliver Morpheus to them in exchange for comfortable living back in the matrix.

Conclusion Given the fact that the demerits of living in the matrix outweighs the merits of the same, it is a sensible deduction that the post-apostolyphic world depicted in this movie is bad, taking into account that if operated as planned, its result would be the extinction of the entire human race, without as much as a fair fight. Machines govern the system in a totalitarian way, and thus they depict human beings merely as sources of energy.

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Knowledge Management at Texas’ Electrical Power Grid-Texas Essay best essay help: best essay help

The responsibility of the electricity supply in Texas lies on the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) that supplies about 85% of electricity use in the state (State Impact, 2013). The areas not covered by ERCOT are supplied by western connection and eastern connection. The ERCOT was created in 1970 to succeed Texas Interconnected System (TIS).

The ERCOT occupies a unique position in the sense that it is not connected to the national power grid but operates as an Independent System Operator (ISO).

The ERCOT avoided joining the national grid due to the nature of the electricity generation in Texas. Electricity supply in Texas traces its origins on the need to smelt aluminium and light towns. In this context, small power plants had sprouted to generate electricity within Texas for their specific uses in their locality.

It is these small power plants that interlinked within Texas to form TIS which was the predecessor of ERCOT. At this time, Texas was self reliant and didn’t need to import electricity from neighbouring states. By the time the federal government formulated rules governing interstate electricity transmission, Texas already had its own self reliant intrastate electricity grid and didn’t see the need to join the national grid.

Texas is a heavily industrialized state and endowed with energy intensive industries demanding high usage of electricity. In this context, Combs (2013) notes that:

Texas produces and consumes more electricity than any other state, accounting for more than one-tenth of total U.S. energy use. Texas’ energy use is tied to its large population, hot climate and extensive industrial sector. As compared to the U.S., Texas has a high concentration of energy-intensive industries, including aluminium, chemicals, forest products, glass, and petroleum refining. Industry accounts for 50 percent of all energy used in Texas, compared to a 32 percent share for the U.S. as a whole (p.1).

Texas power demand was at over 60,000 Megawatts (MWs), in the years 2009 and 2010 experiencing the second highest power demands ever at 63,400 and 65,776 MWs respectively (State Impact, 2013). Wind production of electricity has continued to form an integral part of electricity generation in Texas. Indeed, in 2006 Texas State was the highest wind producer of electricity in the US, a spot previously reserved for California State.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Power Outages in Texas The unique position that ERCOT occupies as an ISO means that it can’t tap into the national grid as it is not connected to it (ERCOT, 2013; Texas Government, 2013). This has sometimes occasioned power outages, especially during the peak hours. In order to avoid a full power blackout, the ERCOT initiates rolling power outages on a basis of the need.

A rolling power outages refer to a situation in which the power supply company such as ERCOT shuts off power in different regions of distribution to avoid total black outs. Sometimes rolling power outages have been conceived as load shedding as it reduces the load in the power grid.

Over the years, Texas region has experienced several rolling power outages. In 2011 Texas suffered one of its worst rolling power outages that lasted for more than 8 hours (Souder, 2011; Giberson, 2011). According to Souder (2011), the rolling power outages that lasted sometimes to periods of 45 minutes were occasioned by the cold weather causing “…7000 megawatts of generating capacity to trip” (p.1). The Texas power outages are generally produced in two scenarios: very cold weather or very hot periods.

The cold weather causes some power plants to freeze and break down hence producing less energy to the Texas grid. On the other hand, a hot season leads to an increase in power demand due to increased use of fans for cooling purposes. In this context, Texas electricity outages are tied to the weather pattern. Sometimes Texas has been forced to import electricity from Mexico. This wouldn’t have been the case had Texas been linked to the national grid.

Problem Statement There are several problems facing the ERCOT ability to avoid power outages in Texas. These problems include increasingly small power reserve margins, evolving regulation in energy sector, weather patterns and profitability of power generation amongst other issues.

According to Galbraith (2011), power reserve margin which is the “…safety buffer the state uses when there is a shortage…” is increasing under the current expanding power demands (p.1). Indeed, state impact (2013) makes the following observation in regards to growing population and the effect of the same to the electricity reserve margin.

Texas’ population is set to double over the next fifty years, and companies are flocking to set up shop in the state. By 2015, the reserve margin is set to dip below its target, even with the new generation factored in, and it isn’t clear if the new plants needed to get above the line will fire up in time for the peak of summer 2014. But the updated forecast does potentially give the market and regulators more time to come up with more solutions to the state’s power crunch beyond simply raising prices (p.1).

We will write a custom Essay on Knowledge Management at Texas’ Electrical Power Grid-Texas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The solution to this particular problem lies in the construction of more power plants in order to increase the reserve margin (UPDATE 3-ERCOT sees another tight summer for Texas power supply, 2013). This way with an increased power reserve margin, the ERCOT would be in a better position to respond to the increasing power demands.

However, consumer advocacy groups have opposed such moves based on the fear that construction of more power plants would increase the prices of electricity. This has the effect of discouraging construction of power plants since they would want to recoup the finds utilized in the construction through increased prices of electricity. On the other hand, environmentalists have also joined the fray demanding energy saving measures as opposed to producing more energy.

The unique position in which Texas power grid is not connected to the national grid has also contributed significantly to the risk of outage. This is because it implies that whenever there is a need such as is the case with power demand peak, ERCOT can’t tap into the national grid in order cover its shortfall.

Increasingly regulatory directives from the federal authorities are further complicating the ability of ERCOT to adequately supply the Texas users. A good example is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation which seeks to limit the air pollution from power plants. This has the effect of discouraging power plant construction which is what is badly needed.

Changing weather patterns and the challenges associated with them in regards to electricity production or consumption as outlined above is another challenge to ERCOT. Another emerging concern has been the water utilization that is sometimes occasioned by droughts. Coal and gas plants need massive amounts of water to act as coolant. In drought seasons the water for this may not be sufficient for cooling purposes leading to a situation where plants are not running at full capacity.

Another challenge associated with availability of water is the construction of new coal plants. Service providers are increasingly unable to supply the existing power plants and any other that may be planned. This has hugely been demonstrated by the decision of Lower Colorado River Authority not to supply a proposed power plant (White Stallion) with water.

Knowledge Management in solving Texas electricity challenges Knowledge management is a concept that has emerged from early 1990’s. Davenport (1994) and Duhon (1998) are some of the noted authorities who have given formal definitions of knowledge management (Koenig, 2012).

Davenport (1994) as cited by Koenig (2012) defined knowledge management as “…the process of capturing, distributing and effectively using knowledge” (p.1). On the other hand, Duhon (1998) offers a more comprehensive definition. Duhon (1998) as cited as by Koenig (2012) defines knowledge management in the following way:

Not sure if you can write a paper on Knowledge Management at Texas’ Electrical Power Grid-Texas by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Knowledge management is a discipline that promotes an integrated approach to identifying, capturing, evaluating, retrieving, and sharing all of an enterprise’s information assets. These assets may include databases, documents, policies, procedures, and previously un-captured expertise and experience in individual workers (p.1).

Knowledge management is critical in resolving Texas electricity challenges in four critical ways; identifying the problem (as done above), getting an appropriate solution to the problem, implementation of the solutions and funding the programs.

Solutions, implementation and funding of the solutions to Texas electricity challenges Several solutions can be conceptualized and implemented in order to reduce the load on the Texas electricity grid while addressing the challenges identified in the problem statement above. The ensuing paragraphs will discuss in detail the suggested solutions, the rationale for the suggested solutions, execution of the solution, as well as funding of the same. Knowledge management which involves effective management of knowledge will be used in linking the suggested solutions to similar cases practiced worldwide.

A majority of the heavy companies utilizing electricity are the industries that cause an over load to the power grid leading to power outages. In Kenya, some industries that consume a lot of electricity have opted to generate their own electricity in order to avoid the cost associated with the national grid power failure.

According to Electricity Regulatory Commission (ERC) (2012), such companies include “…James Finlay, Sotik Tea Company, Sotik Highlands Tea Estate, Oserian Development Company, Pan African Paper Mills, Unilever Tea Kenya Ltd and Tiomin” (Energy Regulatory Commission, 2012, p.1). Indeed some of these companies apart from using the generated electricity for their use are selling off the excess to the national grid.

Some of the Texas industries can be encouraged to generate their own electricity through state subsidies and offering of critical knowledge expertise from other countries and states. Some of these companies, especially the ones utilizing steams such as the smelting firms, may generate their own electricity.

They can use knowledge management from similar entities to find out how they may integrate the steam engine to generate electricity with the rest of their operations. If individual companies are in charge of their own electricity generation, this would have the effect of reducing the load from the national grid. They can also sell any excess electricity to the national grid and even to staff houses and offices.

Funding of such ventures can be construed from a cost cutting view. Companies in Kenya that have been able to generate their own electricity incur far less cost in generating the same as opposed to if they bought the same from the national grid. Thus own electricity generation is not only a means to cut costs but also to make some extra profit. Some firms have undertaken initial public offerings in order to construct their own power plants.

Ultimately construction of more power plants leads to a direct solution to the electricity shortage in Texas. Given the consumer advocacy group concerns on the possibility of passing the costs to the consumers, there is need for a new way to fund such constructions. There is need to fund the construction from sources that will not necessitate passing such costs to customers.

One such way is through an infrastructure bond that enables getting funds from the public and the public owing the constructed power plants. In this context, the consumers will eventually be charged a high price for the consumption of the power plants but they will also gain through dividends derived from the profitability of the power plants.

Infrastructure bonds would be ideal for this particular kind of expansion due to several advantages. Infrastructural bonds are a long term debt instrument that entitles the investors a certain returns on a periodic basis. Power supply generation is a product with ready consumption.

By the virtue of public participation through infrastructural bonds, power supply generation is likely to be prudently managed. In this context, by having the local community to participate by pricing the bonds in affordable prices per share there is likely to be less resistant to construction of more plants.

In the context of the concerns from the environmentalists, there is need to give incentives to power plants that produce clean energy. In this context, power plants that generate power from non renewable energy and other energy forms that pollute the environment ought to be adequately penalized. In this context, the penalties in monetary terms would be used to promote activities that clean out the environment and fund environment friendly initiatives.

There is also an increasing need for Texas to link its own power grid to the rest of the nation in order to tap from the power grid should there be need. Texas need to actively reconsider to what extend linking to the rest of the national grid would impact on the power supply of the state.

While the same will put the state electricity supply under federal electricity regulatory authorities, there is need to re-examine on what would be the dangers of doing the same. This discussion need to be put in the public arena with the view of determining on whether the shortfall in electricity during peak hours can be adequately catered by the national grid. This would be with a view of understanding on whether the same is a better deal than having to buy electricity from Mexico as has been the case.

Conclusion Knowledge management is thus critical in examining the viable options of action given a detailed analysis of the concerns available in relation to the electricity problems. Disseminating the information to the public after an internal discussion with various stakeholders enables the public to buy into the ideas producing a win-win situation.

References Combs, S. (2013). Texas energy quick facts. Web.

Energy Regulatory Commission. (2012). Electricity supply industry in Kenya. Web.

EROCOT. (2013). Erocot. Web.

Galbraith, K. (2011). Electric Grid in Texas faces multiple challenges. New York Times. Web.

Giberson, M. (2011). Texas Power Outages: A Preliminary Analysis (Cold snap brings failure–isolated ERCOT an issue. Web.

Koenig, P. (2012). What is KM? Knowledge management explained. Web.

Souder, E. (2011). ERCOT may initiate more blackouts Wednesday night, Thursday morning. Dallas News. Web.

Texas Government. (2013). Electric Reliability Council of Texas. Web.

UPDATE 3-ERCOT sees another tight summer for Texas power supply (2013). Reuters. Web.

What Is the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT)? (2013). State Impact. Web.

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Comparison of the Political Leadership: Ellen Jonson of Liberia and Yahya Jammeh of Gambia Essay college admissions essay help

Introduction Any positive progress in every country is absolutely dependant on the political and leadership stability it enjoys. This implies that political instability and poor leadership are the worst setbacks to constructive progress. Consequently, countries that enjoy political stability no matter how limited resources are at their disposal, development is inevitable.

Thus, we cannot talk about the development of any country in the exclusion of its political stability. Therefore, this paper seeks to evaluate the political leadership between Ellen Jonson of Liberia, and Yahya Jammeh of Gambia, so that the most suitable between them is recommended to lead the African continent.

Yahya Jammeh, the current president of Gambia, came into power in 1994 after a bloodless coup. At the beginning of his tenure, president Yahya was seen as a man ready to take the people of Gambia a step higher in dealing with the national affairs.

The people both citizens and western community, expected him to end impunity and particularly corruption which was perpetuated by the previous regime. In one of the meetings with the ECOWAS delegation, he is portrayed as a state man, a man of the people, a generous person fit for the leadership of Gambia.

This was short lived because his leadership was tainted with untold human torture, numerous murders, disappearance of some of the people and especially those who were opposed to his rule, restriction to press freedom, and many other crimes against humanity. The political instability in Gambia under the rule of President Yahya is as a result of poor governance, corruption, absence of democracy, and human resource crisis. His rule is that of a real dictator in the modern world.

On the other hand, Ellen Jonson, the president of Liberia is the complete opposite of president Yahya. Having been elected by the people of Liberia as the first woman president, Ellen did not disappoint her people, but step by step she began to restore their hope.

Ellen took over as the president of Liberia at the moment when virtually every system of governance was collapsing because the county was at war for 25 years. Under her watch, peace has been established in Liberia, schools have been constructed and education quality improved, hospitals and clinics are operational in all parts of the country. Liberia’s economy has been invigorated through the improvement of agriculture.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More President Ellen’s Zero tolerance to corruption, is the reason behind the magnitude at with corruption has reduced in Liberia. The aid money that Liberia receives from international communities and particularly America is used to construct more universities, technical schools, roads, hospitals and above all to put law and order in all her institutions.

Having evaluated the two presidents namely: Ellen and Yahya, Ellen stands out as the most ideal and fit to lead a continent like Africa; her trail of records speak for themselves.

Although she is the first woman to be elected as a president not only in Liberia but in the whole of Africa, Ellen has shown the people of Africa and the world at large, that an African woman can govern the country even more than her male counterparts. Ellen’s government has managed to reinstate hope among the Liberians, the reason for which they call her “mother” and “redeemer”.

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Robert Blackburn Research Paper custom essay help

Table of Contents Background

Printmaking Work

Artist’s Picture and Printmaking Work

Works Cited

Background Robert Blackburn, an African American, was given the name Robert Hamilton Blackburn at birth. His parents were Jamaican. He was born on 10th December, 1920 in New Jersey, spent his childhood years in Harlem, and died on 21st April, 2003. He is acknowledged as an exceptional printmaker, educator, and artist.

Robert attended P. S. 139 and, later, DeWitt Clinton Secondary School. At high school, he involved himself with The Magpie, where he was an artist and writer. Robert learnt lithography from Harlem Community Art Centre (1935- 1939), in addition to other processes involved in printmaking. He often went to Uptown Community Workshop, where black writers and artists frequented most of the times. He also attended several other schools (Glueck Article 1).

In his career, Robert worked in several institutions, where he was a founder, teacher, and master printer. A writer, Dulcie Leimbach, praised Robert in the New York Times, saying that there was no printmaking work that was as attractive as his. He had acquired immense benefits from WPA (Work Projects Administration) workshops, which motivated him to come up with a place, where artists could prosper.

Robert became an extremely effective teacher and lithographer. It is worth pointing out that his biggest achievement was his great life duration, and the Printmaking Workshop community he established. At the workshop, all kinds of artists came to practice and learn about printmaking arts.

At the age of thirteen years, Robert participated in an official art class, which allowed black artists to work. This is because the Great Depression was on-going (Berstein Article 2). Riva Helfond introduced Robert to lithography, where drawings were made on stone. Robert acquired the various skills involved in the process from Riva. Riva was a great encouragement to Robert, where she helped him build confidence and self- consciousness.

Robert contributed immensely through his aesthetic and technical assistances, in regard to lithography. This was a great encouragement and inspiration to many artists. Robert received many awards because of his exceptional work. The artist’s work cannot be said to be ground breaking. However, he was still regarded as a vital artist, who took part in many exhibitions.

Some of his widely exhibited prints include “Blue Thing”, “Boy with Green Head”, and “Space Shape”. Robert always carried out different chores at the workshop whenever he was not teaching. Various kinds of artists attended the workshop to see demonstrations, for classes, share knowledge and ideas, and encourage each other. Robert used majority of his awards to uplift the workshop. Until today, Robert is a renowned national treasure, who sacrificed his work to assist others.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Printmaking Work Girl in Red, 1950

This is considered as an exceptionally pivotal work in the artist’s development as he progressed from figurative work to abstraction. Robert utilized a gorgeous color palette, and mixed age- old artistic subjects of portraiture, landscape, and still life. The subject in the work is a small black girl, whose arms are crossed (Berstein Article 2).

The subject involves the onlooker amusingly and unswervingly. In the year 1951, this art was presented at The Library of Congress’ National Exhibition of Prints. During this time, Robert received a Purchase Award from New York’s Brooklyn Museum.

Interior, 1958

Between 1953- 1954, Robert was in Paris, where he participated in a Jay Hay Whitney Traveling Fellowship. On coming back to New York in 1955, Robert engaged in a novel creative era. Between 1950 and 1960, he created numerous minute Cubistic table- top images. These involved lithography and intaglio. This portrayed Robert’s unending desire in mark- making. To him, this was a sign of representation (Glueck Article 1).

Heavy Forms, 1961

Between the year 1958 and 1961, Robert concentrated on various types of this art. The imagery in Heavy Forms can be said to emerge from the previous table- top still life. The artist used immense fluidity on the stone, a keen interest on the margins, and reorientations to the work. This permits various viewing options.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Robert Blackburn specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Colour Symphony, 1960

Between 1957 and 1963, Robert was recognized as the prominent ULAE (Universal Limited Art Editions) master printer. As Robert assisted other popular artists in their work, the Color Symphony made his work reach the top because of the color abstraction. While at Universal Limited Art Editions, Robert worked with popular artist specialists in Pop Art and Abstract Expressionism. During most instances, he trained artists about lithographs (Glueck Article 1).

Faux Pas, 1960- 1963

The Faux Pas relates to Robert Rauschenberg’s misfortune, which ended up being a principal event in printmaking’s history. The white stripe at the center of the work indicates how delicate limestone is. Other famous calligraphic works indicate Robert’s broken- stone idea. This also includes the Curious Stone.

Artist’s Picture and Printmaking Work The Picture of Robert Blackburn

Red Inside, 1972

Woodscape, 1984

Three Ovals, 1960s- 1980s

Not sure if you can write a paper on Robert Blackburn by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Yellow Flash, 1972

Man with Load, 1936

In essence, Robert is worth all the praises and rewards, considering that he gave other people the priority to learn. He always looked for ways on how he could benefit young artists. He is an exceptional artist, who left a positive mark.

Works Cited Berstein, Alice. “Harlem artist Robert Blackburn remembered.” The New York Beacon 22 October 2003. Print.

Glueck, Grace. “Printmaking for the Love of It.” New York Times 12 July 1988. Print.

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Fiction-Narrative Story Reflecting the Claims in The Queen and The Philosopher Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

The thinking self identifies the common sense and the genuine sequence of logical ideas that allows a person to make the corresponding conclusions. The clarity of thought, however, is hard to achieve due to the external influences and emotional stance.

According to Descartes, the supporter of the rationalist perspective and the author of the phrase “I think, therefore I am”, declined the importance of emotional and sensuous perception of the world because it does not provide evidence and facts about existence of the world. In fact, his perception of the world and objective reality was possible through the thinking process that is the only means of recognizing the matter.

The mind allowed the philosophy to recognize and explain various phenomena; it was compared with the soul that allows the human organism to live and act logically. Genuine thinking is still challengeable because people are often affected by emotional and irrational factors that prevent them from understanding what is certain and what is not.

Because the thinking process focuses on the material side of the debate, the existence of spirituality and God is under the question because the presence of the divine cannot be proved. However, such an argument cannot be fully justified due to the narrow-focused emphasis placed on the claim.

Specifically, the existence of the world cannot rely only on thinking, but on the perception and emotion as well because they serve as the links to the external world. Five senses exist to cognize the world whereas the role of the mind is confined to interpreting these senses in a logical way. In this respect, the objectivity of judgment, therefore, premises on the extent to which feelings and emotions influence the thinking process.

Such an assumption has many confirmations, when a person’s vision disaccords with the perception of another person. The level of comprehension of certain ideas depends on the background and intelligence of a person.

For instance, in case a person lived in Middle East and adhered to the principles of Islam, his intelligence and background will make it difficult to understand the mentality and traditions of European culture, in which men and women are equal. People could argue against the principle of equality because they have been taught the opposite since their birth.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Relying on the facts that have been distracted from contexts has serious consequences in different situations. The story below supports this position:

John and Andrea had lived in one neighborhood for 15 years since their birth until they had to move to different places. John and his family moved to England where their predecessors lived whereas Andreas moved to Berkeley, California to study Art History at the University.

As per John, he decided to dedicate himself to the computer science due to his great interest in innovation and technological progress. Before they departed, both friends had much in common; they studied and walked together, their liked talking on different topics and they were fond of arguing about what is more important culture or science. These disputes were the most interesting activities, although they knew that they never reach agreement on either of issues.

Six years later, John decided to visit Berkeley and find out how Andrea was doing and what changed in her life. The girl was very glad to see him because she missed him much and disputes they used to involve during their school years.

She confessed him that she was interested in art because she needed the opposite point to quarrel with him. In fact, her interest in art history was premised on the possibility to create arguments against and engage in quarrelling. John was a bit surprised by Andrea’s confession because his obsession with technologies was genuine. He was strictly convinced in his judgments and, therefore, his arguments were shaped by his genuine interest. Once they start discussing this issue, Andrea replied,

“My interest in art history is also a kind of genuine, but the purpose of studying was completely different than yours.”

“But, I cannot understand what actually the truth is in your attempt to discuss contradictory issues. Do you really believe in what you are asserting?”, John wondered.

We will write a custom Essay on Fiction-Narrative Story Reflecting the Claims in The Queen and The Philosopher specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “I really do because I rely on facts and evidence that have been proved before me”, she logically explained.

“But those people also relied on somebody else’s observations and, therefore, you cannot state for sure that what you learn is actually the truth, until you apply it to practice”, John remarked with in perplexity.

“I believe that if the majority agrees with the statement, it is not by chance. Their own beliefs and suggestions premise on valid facts and logical deductions. Besides, art history is not an exact science and, therefore, different interpretations of phenomenon is acceptable”, Andrea started arguing.

John did not notice the moment when they started disputing on another issue. They were deeply engaged in the process, attaining no importance to the topic of their arguments. As soon as they realized this, Andrea questioned,

“Are you not sincere and genuine when engaged into an argument with me? Do you dislike the process itself?”

“Well, I do…but…”

“So, does it make difference to you whether I like something or not? It is just a context, which does not change the matter of facts”, Andrea explained.

“Well, probably, you are right, let us leave this issue and enjoy our dispute”, John responded with a smile.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Fiction-Narrative Story Reflecting the Claims in The Queen and The Philosopher by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As soon as they realized that genuineness of quarreling and arguing does not lie in the angles of discussions, but in the actual process of arguing, Andrea and John ignored this fact and acknowledged the actual purpose of their friendship. Additionally, genuine thinking is often affected by external factors, as it is presented in the story.

Hence, Andrea sacrificed her genuine interests and preferences for sake of pleasing her friend John, whose interest in the context was also real. Despite this situation, Andrea’s intentions were initially good, which justifies her action as a morally and ethically right one.

What is more important is that their discussions were premised solely on logically construed assumptions and theses, which means that they are true. It also supports the idea that original thinking cannot be based merely on the fear of not finding an answer to the question. Rather, the purpose of the argument should premise on searching for the truth.

Certainly, if a person possessing power asks a question to an inferior person, the latter could be afraid of engaging into a genuine argument because of the authoritative influence. Such a situation also distorts the objectivity of judgments and creates false observations. In fact, the person cannot clearly state what original and genuine thinking should base on to make the dispute objective.

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The Whole-Person Approach of Leadership Essay (Critical Writing) college admissions essay help

Leadership is essential to organizations and as such, a leader has to define his/her core competencies before getting to know those of his/her followers. Some of the core competencies that a leader should possess for effective leadership include vision and adaptability, priority setting, passion and intuition, competitive spirit, being a good listener, influencing, and trusting. One of the key leadership approaches is the use of the whole-person approach.

The approach requires the use of the head, heart, feet and hands (Bruce and Montanezm 18). The benefits associated with this form of leadership are such as motivation, competencies, caring, inspiration, improved performance and production, expertise, values, expertise, integrity, and development of a an organizational culture. Moreover, the approach is a reflection of the human side of leadership.

Under the whole-person approach, each of the parts (head, heart, hands, and feet) plays different roles although they are intertwined. They also represent different components associated with organizational leadership. The leader’s head stands for the unique expertise, knowledge, values, character, motivation, and competencies possessed by the leader (Bruce and Montanezm 18).

It may also present the intellectual property, attitude, integrity and the education of the leader. The hands of the leader represent the skills, customer service, hand-on coaching, follow-through, implementation, and manufacturing (Bruce and Montanezm 20)

The leader’s feet may represent the foundation upon which the leaders and the organizations were built, organizational stability, organizational culture, its growth, tradition, history, and the founders of the organization (Bruce and Montanezm 18). Lastly, the heart of the leader is the center stage of leadership.

Particularly, it may represent hope, team spirit, emotional; intelligence, pride, core values, and feelings. When the four components are combined, they form the humanness in leadership. Therefore, an organization should treat its employees as human/whole person rather than mechanical producers. This approach ensures that an organization comes to terms with the real-world individual challenges that employees face in and outside the organization.

Success in an organization is an attribute of those in charge. A successful organization is able to achieve its organizational objectives and develop a culture that incorporates the beliefs, culture, and values of different parties. Leaders are basically change agents endowed with power and influence. They are required to empower and influence their followers. Power is a form of control that a leader exercises over other people.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It makes people more strong and invincible. However some people are scared of it while others feel impotent without it. When power is used well in an organization, it inspires and uplifts others into achieving their dreams or targets. It is influential and empowers other people in the workplace to realize their goals while they reach organizational objectives. Power can be ranked in form of coercive power, utility power, and principled power.

In my view, leaders should encourage the use of the whole- people to create wholeness rather than individualism. This creates team spirit as different aspects of employees are explored. Among the three paths of power, I believe that the principled power is the most appropriate one because its foundation is trust, respect, honor, and belief in other people.

It creates interdependence, synergy, and mutual respect. To realize what one wants, the path of principled power is most encouraged because it is more fulfilling compared to the other paths of power listed earlier.

Works Cited Bruce, Anne and Stephanie Montanez. Leaders Start to Finish: A Road Map for Developing Top Performers. Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press, 2012. Print

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The Feminist Movement Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Cultural dynamics

Liberation in America

Social changes

Language

Religion

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The terms women’s liberation and women’s movement are synonymous to the feminist movement. Women’s liberation refers to a stream of, “campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, equal pay, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, all of which fall under the label feminism” (Freedman 34).

The movement’s precedence varies from one state to another and from community to community. While movements in developed countries fight against the glass ceiling, those in a majority of the developing countries fight against female genital mutilation. Since the movement was established, it has witnessed three campaign phases.

The movement uses the term “wave” to refer to each of the three phases. Freedman alleges, “The first wave involved the fight for political equality and suffrage by white women while the second wave tried to liberate women from cultural and social inequalities” (34). The third phase involved women staging war to claim their rights in the political sphere (Freedman 34). This paper will discuss the feminist movement in the United States.

Cultural dynamics Humm posits, “The feminist movement’s agendas include acting as a counter to the putatively patriarchal strands in the dominant culture. …the movement has struggled to overthrow power holders, political structures, and cultural practices that give men superior powers over women” (27). Although one may trace the precursors of feminism back to the early 18th century, the present women’s liberation movement was established in early 19th century (Humm 31).

Christine de Pizan was the first woman to champion for an overhaul of western cultures that discriminated against women. With time, other intellectuals like Marquis de Condorcet and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu began enlightening women about their rights. This led to many women adopting feminist thoughts, which eventually led to the establishment of the feminist movement.

During this time, majority of the women languished in poverty and they could not fight for their rights. Therefore, the only women who benefited from the movement hailed from rich families (Humm 31). There were claims that, in the United States, rich women came up with the feminist movement to fight for their personal agendas.

Today, the feminist movement still fights for rights of women in the majority of countries across the globe. For instance, the movement still exists in the United States, although it currently targets a different set of women. In most cases, people use the three phases of feminism to demonstrate how cultural values have been converted, shared, and improved (Hyde 45-47).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Besides, they use the phases to show how the movement has struggled to restructure certain standards of its demands to accommodate a wide range of women. Nowadays the movement fights for the rights of women from minority groups as well as lesbians. The feminist movement still advocates for women to chase their dreams without fearing intimidation from men.

Liberation in America The term women liberation originated from the United States. Women started the movement with intention of liberating themselves from men domination. Their initial agenda revolved around liberation. However, as the American culture kept evolving, women started introducing new agendas into the movement to cater for the changing cultural practices (Hyde 49). They knew that they could deliver themselves from social and cultural oppression by facing the repression as a group.

Nevertheless, the initial movement did not see the representation of women from poor and minority groups. White women from affluent families managed the movement. Gloria Jean blamed the original movement for being based on social status and race (Hyde 52). This made it hard for the movement to address problems that alienated women. Racism deterred women from combining their efforts to fight sexism.

Two branches that started calling for women liberation led to the establishment of the feminist movement in the United States. The branches established organizations like National Organization of Women (NOW) and Human Rights of Women, which tried to address economic hurdles facing women.

They made women realize that working, as a group would help them solve a majority of the challenges they experienced (Hyde 57-63). This led to the establishment of the feminist movement, which aimed at liberating women from cultural and economic hardships.

Social changes The feminist movement transformed the Western society in many ways (Plott and Lauri 60). For example, women acquired the right to make personal resolutions concerning maternity and separation. Women could not opt for abortion or use contraceptives without having to consult their husbands. Prior to the feminist movement, women could not own property in the Western society. The movement helped women to gain the right to acquire property and to get equal wages with men.

These days, the feminist movement has evolved to accommodate the various facets of American culture. In America “most people are socialized to think in terms of opposition rather than compatibility” (Plott and Lauri 67). Consequently, the movement has effected social changes that do not only cater for equity in employment, right to vote, and reproductive rights, but also the acknowledgment of unfairness and the mechanisms that can be used to address this unfairness.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Feminist Movement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Language Feminists prohibit the use of sexist language or words that aim at demeaning a certain gender. Plott and Lauri allege, “Feminists advocate for use of “Ms.” To refer to both married and unmarried women, and the ironic use of the term “herstory” instead of “history”” (71). In addition, feminists advocate for use of terms like “humanity”, which they perceive to be gender-inclusive.

Feminists encourage people to use gender-neutral language to ensure that people do not make suppositions concerning gender. This underscores the reason why they advocate for use of words that cover for both genders and they encourage people to use words that do not indicate the referred gender.

Apart from introducing a language that does not refer to any gender, the feminist movement has also led to scientists, changing their way of describing scientific processes associated with gender. Scientists no longer describe sperm as active and the egg as passive (Riger 99). Indeed, the feminist movement introduced a new dimension of looking at and describing different phenomena.

Religion Apart from advocating for a gender-neutral language, “The feminist movement has led to emergence of feminist theology, which views the scriptures, customs, practices, and religious beliefs from a feminist dimension” (Riger 100).

The objectives of the feminist theology include, “increasing the role of women among the clergy and religious authorities, reinterpreting male-dominated imagery and language about God, determining the place of women in relation to career and motherhood, and studying images of women in the religion’s sacred texts” (Riger 101). The movement has transformed theology and religion in insightful ways.

Majority of the protestant churches nowadays, allow women to serve as priests. In many churches, women are assuming leadership in positions that were once under men domain (Riger 104-109). Besides, men seek advice from women prior to coming up with novel statements of faith. Nonetheless, in sects like Roman Catholicism, Islam, and Orthodox Christianity, women are yet to assume leadership roles. The feminist movement continues fighting for the rights of women in the church.

The movement maintains that both genders are equal before God. Hence, it alleges that both men and women ought to have equal powers in church. It fights for women’s right to control Christian nuptials and to be preachers. Besides, it fights for equal parenting roles and general handling of women in the church (Riger 110-117).

Conclusion The feminist movement was established with an aim of fighting for women rights and neutralizing men domination in the society. Women from wealthy families established the movement in the United States. Racism prevented women from fighting for their rights together.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Feminist Movement by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, after women realized that disunity made it hard for them to gain liberation, they sought to fight for their rights together regardless of gender or social status. The movement sought to implement changes in social, cultural, language, and theological practices. It aimed at helping women triumph cultural practices that gave men powers over everything.

Besides, it aimed at helping women to have a voice in society and families. Initially, women had no voice over family issues like parenting and divorce. Furthermore, women could not acquire or own property. Because of the movement, the society stopped using a language dominated by men references. It advocated for use of gender-neutral language as a way to demonstrate that both genders are equal. Many of the changes witnessed in churches today were because of the movement.

Works Cited Freedman, Estelle. No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women. London: Ballantine Books, 2003. Print.

Humm, Maggie. Modern Feminisms. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. Print.

Hyde, Cheryl. “Commitment to social change: Voices from the feminist movement.” Journal of Community Practice 1.2 (1994): 45-64. Print.

Plott, Michele, and Lauri Umansky. Making Sense of Women’s Lives: An Introduction to Women’s Studies. New York: Rowman

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The Cornerstones to Early Literacy Essay (Article) college application essay help: college application essay help

Language acquisition is the process through which people gain the ability to understand and use language. An individual is said to acquire a language when he/she is in a position to use words and sentences to receive and pass messages across.

Language is an inherently human trait because other animals do not use language to communicate with each other. There are four key elements that set language apart from the forms of communication used by other animals. These elements are arbitrariness, semanticity, productivity and displacement (Luongo-Orlando, 2010).

Arbitrariness implies that in spoken language, the form of a word cannot predict what it defines. For instance the words car, gari and coche all describe the same thing. However, it is not possible to tell why any of the words describes the invention better than the others (Piper, 2012).

Semanticity basically describes the fact that words in any given language represent ideas. For instance the word mobile phone represents the idea of a gadget that can be used for communication across large distances and is also portable (Piper, 2012).

Productivity is a description of the fact that human beings can combine different sounds to come up with an infinite number of utterances. This is the reason why individuals can pair up different sounding words to come up with a sentence that makes sense to other speakers of the language (Piper, 2012).

Displacement is the idea that language can be used to communicate on things not in the immediate environment. Words in any language can describe things that happened in the past and those that will happen in future.

One unique feature of language is that children, growing up, can easily learn how to communicate in multiple languages, with or without the intervention of their parents. It is a fact that children even those with unique disabilities can learn a language, which will then help them in communication.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In some instances, however, it will take the encouragement of teachers or parents. However, for children to learn anything in taught in a formal setting, they must first be in a position to communicate in the language of instruction. As such, language is the medium by which children build literacy.

Language structure

Syntax Phonology Semantics (Meaning) All forms of languages use one particular structure in order to form meaning-subject, verb, object (Nikolov, 2009). The order of the elements may not be the same in all languages. Focuses on the physical properties of sound. Phonology also studies the rules that dictate how various sounds can be combined for communication purposes (Piper, 2012). When learning a language, children primarily seek to know the proper way of combining different sounds in order to pass across a particular meaning. For instance, a child learning English will know the difference between man and Dan, while subconsciously picking the difference between the ‘d’ and ‘m’ sounds Children, when learning a language, first understand how to make certain sounds to represent a particular idea (Luongo-Orlando, 2010). They then learn how to use a combination of different sounds to pass a message across, as well as to comprehend what other people say. The steps of learning language Linguistic-Children first learn how to use language in order to pass messages across and to also comprehend what others are saying. Metalinguistic-After learning to communicate using the sounds that make up a particular language, children then become aware of the different elements of language and how to manipulate them to come up with an entirely new language. Metalinguistic verbalization-Finally, the children verbalize the elements of language that they have formulated in the metalinguistic stage. This is the most advanced level of language. Reference List Luongo-Orlando. (2010).The Cornerstones to Early Literacy. Ontario: Pembroke Publishers Limited.

Nikolov, M. (2009). The age factor and early language learning. Munich: Walter de Gruyter.

Piper, T. (2012). Making meaning making sense: Children’s early language learning. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education.

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Employment Discrimination: Race/Ethnicity/Color/National Origin/Religion Essay college application essay help

Introduction Race discrimination is “employment discrimination against a person because of his or her race, which includes African Americans, Asians, Caucasians, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders” (Cheeseman 22). Color discrimination is “employment discrimination against a person because of his or her color, for example, when a white skin person discriminates a dark skin person ” (Cheeseman 23).

National origin discrimination is “employment discrimination against a person because of his or her heritage, cultural characteristics, or the country of the person’s ancestor” (Cheeseman 23). Religion discrimination is “discrimination against a person solely because of his or her religion or religion practices” (Cheeseman 23).

The following cases pertain to the various discriminations mentioned above.

Jury Grants PBSO Sergeant $262,000 in Segregation Case A jury ruled in favor of Sergeant Beverly Ellis by awarding her $262, 000 after proving that Palm Beach County Sheriff discriminated against her in terms of the race. The suit, initiated in 2008 was not the first case when Ellis had raised the issue of discrimination. In the year 2001, Ellis reported about her supervisor to the department of discrimination, however, it brought no fruit, thus forcing Ellis to report the matter to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Segregation allegation against Bus System thrown out The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission threw out a discrimination allegation brought by a former staff of Lakeland Area Mass Transit, also known as Citrus Connection. Rita Wages filed the complaint on January 19, 2012 after her dismissal in December 2011. She had served the company for three years. When complaining, Wages underlined the fact that she was fired from her work place as a result of “violating federal health information privacy laws at the time she was on medical leave” (White)

Further, she said that a junior staff harassed and put her under stress by humiliating her in terms of her age, gender, religion as well as race. She also claimed that Lakeland Mayor had encouraged a Ledger to print falsehoods about her in an article dated back to March 2011; it however, resulted in the fact that the former executive director, Danny Ours, started to displayed favoritism towards Wages.

Tom Philips, Citrus Connection’s executive director said that she had to be fired because of reorganizations due to some minimizations in the budget of the organization. Wages was advised to file a petition with the federal or state court within 90 days, which she did not though.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More West Point Discrimination Suit Settled A federal race discrimination lawsuit was settled on a day when there was the jury’s seating. Four police officers filed the lawsuit based on racial discrimination. The Board of Selectmen and the four officers came to terms, which were confidential though the two parties would share the cost of the jury.

The four were former Captain Romelle Matthews, officers Tim Campbell, Jerem Dubois and Jessie Anderson. Their attorney, Jim Waide of Tupelo, was sacked; the rest supported him as well since their attitude towards former Chief Steve Bingham was loyal, who lost his job soon after the majority board assumed office. The decision made by court consisted in blaming Matthews of his official complaint to EEOC, and in the fact that Campbell and Dubois could not be helped and promoted, as they were whites.

Kearney says she experienced constant at NCAA In a lawsuit filed with federal and state agencies, a former Longhorn women’s track coach Beverly Kearney, said she had gone through a very hostile job environment for more than a decade and claimed that the Texas’ Athletic Department was against her based because of her race and gender. She also said that she had been mistreated by the school for talking against discrimination. The complaint was filed with the Texas Workforce Commission and the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Kearney resigned knowing that she would be sacked soon for the incorrect behavior with one of her athletes in the year 2002. The unfavorable work environment included insubordination by administrative assistants and failure to receive salary increment as scheduled.

Property: Suit Claims Discrimination A supervisor with the Civilian Complaint Review Board accused a top official at the agency of racial discrimination that she claimed resulted in the supervisor being passed over for a promotion in favor of a white male colleague, according to a lawsuit filed in the federal court in Manhattan.

Winsome Thelwell alleged that a former CCRB deputy executive director of investigations, Laura Edidin, displayed her as an angry black woman and tried to create an image that Ms. Thelwell was not a competent manager. It further reveals Ms. Thelwell had a clear work record, and had steadily received promotions under former executive directors. Lastly, the lawsuit claims that Ms. Edidin created a position to elevate a white man with less experience than Ms. Thelwell. The man succeeded Ms. Edidin in August 2012.

Howard Police Officer Sues Department, Claims Racial Discrimination On December 6, 2012, a woman at Howard County Police officer took the department to court and her senor for segregation based on race in the U.S. District Court. Pfc. Lisa Burgess, of Gwynn Oak in Baltimore County, initiated the civilian lawsuit against her senior, Sgt. Jennifer Reidy-Hall, as well the department.

We will write a custom Essay on Employment Discrimination: Race/Ethnicity/Color/National Origin/Religion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The woman was blamed for performing poor since the beginning of October 2010. Burgess, who is still working, although not under the supervision of Reidy-Hall’s command, wants to get $400,000 for the damages received undergoing such tortures.

When expressing her dissatisfaction, Burgess, who said she was the only black officer in her squad, claimed she was not given her due pay raises because Reidy-Hall wrote “false, misleading and exaggerated” statements in her employee performance evaluations (Rankin).

The lawsuit comes after the U.S. Equal Employment and Opportunities Commission (EOCC) closed its file on the charge. The EOCC accepted the Maryland Commission on Civil Rights results that indicated there was no possible cause of allegations of segregation.

As per the findings, 103 of the 447 officers serving in Howard County Police are minorities. Sixty-seven of those 103 are black, 27 sworn supervisors, and rank of corporal and beyond are rated as minorities (The Baltimore Sun)

Kennesaw triumphs in provoking email lawsuit The city of Kennesaw triumphed in a claim initiated by four white employees who alleged that they were unfairly punished due to inappropriate emails. The 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta “maintained a lower-court judge’s ruling to throw out the case initiated in 2010” (Rankin).

The court discovered that the white plaintiffs did not avail enough evidence of segregation and failed to prove that similarly located African-American and Hispanic staff got better treatment. The four employees were some of the over twenty city staff discovered to have gone against a policy, regarding email accounts being used for offensive goals, like racial attacks.

In 2009, two African-Americans’ government workers and a former government staff born in Korea had taken the city to court over racial attacks. “Their lawsuit alleged that city email accounts were being used to send racially offensive messages” (Rankin). The case agreed for $1.8 million.

Later, a lawsuit was initiated and it was discovered that 23 staff went against the email policy over five times. There were 20 whites, 2 blacks and a Hispanic. All of them got or were set to get discipline, but one of the two black and the Hispanic was away on medical leave at that time and were not at work, as the 11th Circuit ruling said. Out of the 20 people of the staff, four initiated a lawsuit, citing unfair treatment.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Employment Discrimination: Race/Ethnicity/Color/National Origin/Religion by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The court decided it was proper for Kennesaw to establish its mail policy and that the city’s scrutiny was neutral regarding race as there was no glaring correlation between the race segregation suit initiated in 2009 and the punishment the four city staff applied.

Conference Set In Reinhart Race Suit A teleconference was scheduled to determine deadlines in the federal lawsuit between Reinhart FoodService and a former employee, who claims he was fired from the company’s Coal Township facility in 2010 for his efforts to stop racial discrimination and a hostile work environment.

Ramon Torres, whose parents came from Dominican Republic, alleges his fellow staff and seniors occasionally applied ethnic sentiments against blacks and Hispanics for the five years of service as a driver’s assistant for the period between September 2005 and March 2010.

Torres alleges he was set to occasional moments of unfair handling and was also prevented from machinery and extra salary since he taught drivers how to maneuver routes, based on his Hispanic origin. He claims he was threatened with dire consequences should he give out information to the company offices. After he had reported to the seniors, the firm’s ethics hotline and corporate department, he was verbally offended and then sacked for fake reasons.

Works Cited Cheeseman R. Henry. Contemporary Business and Online Commerce Law (7th Edition). London, Princess Hall, 2011. Print.

Rankin Bill, “Kennesaw prevails in offensive email case”, Ajc.com. 2013 Web.

The Baltimore Sun. Howard Police Officer charges sues Departments, Charges, Racial Discrimination, 2013. Web.

White Gary. “Discrimination Claim against Bus System Dismissed”. The Ledger.com. 2013. Web.

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An Argument against Gun Control Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Why Gun Control Should Be Abolished

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction One of the most valued liberties by the American people is their right to bear arms; a right enshrined in the Second Amendment. This right, which was included in the bill of rights in 1791, has continued to be upheld by successive governments up to today.

However, this right has come under heavy criticism in recent years because of the numerous incidents of gun related violence’s in the country. The destruction caused by firearms in school shootings and the public at large has enraged many and led to calls for tighter gun control measures.

The government has responded to this by imposing gun regulation, a move that has greatly angered gun control opponents. This paper will argue that the US government does not have any right to control guns and as such, it should respect the second amendment and stop taking up measures to impose gun control on its citizens.

Why Gun Control Should Be Abolished Gun control is an infringement upon the basic rights of the Americans to possess firearms. This right is explicitly protected by the Second Amendment, which states, “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed” (Barnett 265). By trying to impose gun control measures in the country, the government is going against the constitution. Considering that the government is required to uphold the constitution at all times, gun control measures are essentially unlawful.

Advocates of gun control argue that the Second Amendment cannot be used to justify an individual’s right to own firearms since this right was conditioned on “service in an organized militia”. This advocates state that the individual’s right to bear arms was tied to a military context and citizens were only empowered to have guns in readiness to serve when called to duty. Legal scholars refute this claim by stating that the Second Amendment protected the right of the individual to possess firearms.

Barnett states that even at the time of the making of the Second Amendment, the term “bear arms” did not have an exclusively military connotation; the term was also used to connote purely private use of arms (244). Therefore, the right of individuals to have fire guns in the present era is still protected by the US constitution.

The control of bullets or even the ban of assault rifles will not prevent murderous people from engaging in killing. Domenech observes that most of the calls for stricter gun control measures come following tragic incidents like the mass killing of students in school by gun wielding individuals (25). Gun control proponents use tragedies of mass murders such as the Sandy Hook incident to make a case for further restrictions on the gun-owning rights of American citizens.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is in spite of the fact that there is no research data supporting the theory that gun possession increases the likelihood of mass murders taking place. Stricter gun control legislation will not prevent sad incidents like the Sandy Hook case which robbed 20 children and six adults of their lives since, as Domenech explains, no laws can make the murderously insane sane or remove their ability to destroy innocent lives (25).

The government should try to identify the reasons for such incidents and take measures to avoid them from occurring in future. Blaming gun possession for action of deranged murderous is neglectful and it will only leave the public vulnerable to such attacks in the future.

The ability of an individual to protect himself by having guns is reduced by having gun controls measures. Opponents of gun ownership hope to make it impossible for citizens to buy and have guns for self-protection. Most people invest in firearms so as to keep themselves and their loved ones safe. Domenech reveals that most handgun sales in the US are made to individuals who are interested in defending their homes (27).

Strict gun control legislations will prevent many people from being able to acquire guns for this defensive purpose. It can be expected that the crime rates in the country will increase if individuals are barred from having guns. This is because guns have a deterrence effect on criminals who are discouraged from attacking homes where the owner has a gun. If criminals are not worried about being confronted by lethal legal weaponry by the person they intend to rob, crime rates will rise.

Proponents of gun control argue that individuals with firearms still are attacked and even murdered by criminals. While this is true, it should not be used as the basis for denying people a right to protect themselves and increase their chances of fighting off criminals. The government should therefore stop all gun control since these measures have a negative impact on the safety of the citizens.

Gun control will amount to an intrusion into the private lives of individuals by the government. As it is, the US has a gun culture that stretches back to centuries. This culture is connected to ideals such as individuality and liberty due to the deep relationships that guns have with the war for independence, which took place from 1775 to 1782 (Wolpert and Gimpel 244). Gun restrictions ignore the fact that guns have many legitimate users such as sporting and hunting.

By imposing these laws, individuals are denied the right to enjoy their freedom to bear arms. Wolpert and Gimpel declare that by implementing gun control measures, the government is using coercive power to directly shape individual conduct (241). In a country that prides itself for having liberties for all its citizens, this government action should not be tolerated. The government should respect the privacy of its citizens and allow them to have firearms if they want to.

We will write a custom Essay on An Argument against Gun Control specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion This paper set out to argue that gun control is an infringement upon the most basic of rights or American citizens and the government should not be empowered to control guns.

The paper began by nothing that gun control measures are a violation of the constitutional rights of the American citizens. While these measures are mostly demanded to try to reduce incidents of gun related violence, research indicates that possession of guns by citizens does not reduce violence since people who intend to commit murder will still find a way to engage in these acts.

Gun control also prevents people from engaging in legitimate personal activity such as hunting and protecting themselves form assailants. By stopping its attempts at gun control, the government will not only be upholding the constitutional rights of its citizens but it will also ensure that the citizens are able to enjoy the benefits that firearms bring to the individual and the society at large.

Works Cited Barnett, Randy. “Was the Right to Keep and Bear Arms Conditioned on Service in an Organized Militia?”. Texas Law Review 83.1 (2004): 237-277. Web.

Domenech, Benjamin. “The Truth about Mass Shootings and Gun Control”. Commentary 135.2 (2013): 25-29. Web.

Wolpert, Robin, and Gimpel James. “Self-interest, symbolic politics, and public attitudes towards gun control”. Political Behavior 20.3 (1998): 241-262. Web.

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Religion of Christianity and Buddhism – Similarities and Difference Essay cheap essay help

Table of Contents General background of Buddhism

Similarities between Christianity and Buddhism

Difference between Christianity and Buddhism

Role of religion in our society

A society without a religion

References

General background of Buddhism The birth of the Buddhism religion emerged as a result of the search of enlightenment by Buddha Siddhartha Gautama dating back to 580 BC. During this period, he underwent through meditation and self denial which made him realize the need of easing human suffering and pain. He then started a journey to teach masses on enlightenment path to liberate them from vicious cycle of poverty, life and death, (Schaefer, 2012).

Progressively, Buddhism began to spread worldwide, which gave birth to Buddhism religion. As time went by, there were numerous divisions and movements within the Buddhism such as the Mahayana and Theravada.

After the emergence of the Buddhism and Christianity, there have been several additions and alterations because of the expansion to other countries. Christianity and Buddhism are followed by populations belonging to different races and linguistic groups from of their founders, (Lincoln, 1999). Also, it is worth to mention that both Christianity and Buddhism have had several principles and theories explaining their religion after the departure of their founders many years ago.

Similarities between Christianity and Buddhism The Buddhist doctrine gives more emphasis on love towards humankind irrespective of the class, race or relationship. This is also similar in Christianity where love is based on the doctrine of ‘Love thy neighbor’, which means love should be showered on all human beings. In the worship perspective, both religions follow some form of worship such as prayers, monasticism, meditation, ringing of bells and the use of rosary and incense to enhance worship.

Both religions possess concepts and golden rules which are based on the welfare of the people and are easily approachable. Lord Buddha based the general ethics on the golden rule whereas Jesus Christ spread the gospel according to the golden rule for the benefit mankind.

Difference between Christianity and Buddhism Christianity and Buddhism differ in terms of whom to be worshipped. Buddhist doctrines have no Godly figures but in the recent years, there have been introduction of godly figures whom they can be worshipped. Christian doctrine entails a Godly creature, Jesus Christ, who is approachable and lovable by all kinds of humanity. Salvation in both religions differs too. It is believed in Buddhism that salvation is gained as result of one’s own effort whereas in Christianity, salvation is a free gift and Jesus is their savior.

Role of religion in our society Religious teachings of various religions are intended to regulate the behavior and conduct of human beings, provide the value-system and moral standards to enhance the human existence.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These standards and moral values guide human actions, deter the criminal tendency and mind of human nature and ensure harmony, love and peaceful co-existence among human beings. True religion ensures the sustenance of true governance in our society and government institutions that would otherwise been disrupted by corrupt and malicious people in the society.

All religions ensure that the family values are upheld in all times. Without the family values, the society would the burden of all manner of evils as a result of breakage of families and child destitution, (Christerson, 2005). Therefore, religion averts the deterioration of human mind due to desensitization and dehumanization of the modern lifestyle, thus providing long term family stability.

A society without a religion Without a religion in a society, human virtues die. If religion does not exist, then everything would be permissible and therefore all manner of evils would be rampant. People in the society would base their actions on opinions rather than morality. This would be one indicator of a deteriorating society with no option to heal back.

With the technological improvements, there have been cases of fading rationality as a result of believe that everything is good without religion. Religion is the main pillar that differentiates between evil and good, (Lincoln, 1999). Human beings would therefore continue with what they deem best yet it harmful to the general society.

References Christerson, B., Edwards, K. L.,

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Museum Gallery: “Madonna and Child with St. John” by Giovanni Bellini Essay argumentative essay help

Workshop of bellini: mother and child with st. John: example of the early venetian renaissance and foreshadowing of later renaissance naturalism.

The Indianapolis Museum of Art’s European Gallery is displaying a painting by the Venetian workshop of the Early Renaissance painter, Giovanni Bellini, titled Madonna and Child with St. John (Bellini). It shows an effort to personalize both the mother and the child that is characteristic of the Renaissance. However the background cherubs, wallpaper-style, hearken back to the formal and iconic style of the Medieval Period. Despite these leering faces,[1] the work is a serene and loving portrayal of a mother and her infant, and his cousin.

The picture, painted somewhere around 1490, depicts the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, and St. John[2]. All wear simple robes that were the artist’s idea of biblical apparel. The naked infant Jesus sits nearly upright on the mother’s lap, with her pinky finger pointing to his inguinal region [3]. St. John stands to the mother’s right, with hands folded in prayer and adoration. This is all congruent with contemporary iconography, visible elsewhere in the European collection[4].

The faces are believable, although lacking in any imperfections. The body proportions are relatively realistic as well, unlike the elongated figures of the Gothic period. The cherubs are peculiar and so incongruent with the credible mother and child as to seem irrelevant. Those paintings attributed directly to him rather than to his workshop, for example in other collections, show even more individualization of faces (National Gallery of Art).

The painting is executed in both tempera and oil on a wooden board. Such boards would have been prepared with animal skin sizing (perhaps clippings from parchment), gesso (compounded from plaster of Paris and glue), and a mix of oil and resin. The paints were compounded of water, eggs, and mineral and other items of questionable toxicity, such as lead (Indianapolis Museum of Art).

Bellini began his career working in tempera, but his later work explored the color transparency offered by oils (Brittanica). The mix of these two media must have been challenging given the different drying properties of these two paints. The tempura often results in a brighter set of colors than oil, as is visible in other paintings of the medieval period and the early Renaissance[5]

This work shows a careful use of initial drawing to create the detail of the faces , bodies, and draperies (Indianapolis Museum of Art). This is one use of line in this painting: to delineate the forms of the human and cherubic subjects. There is also the line created by the composition of the painting.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This consists of a slightly asymmetrical triangle, including the Madonna’s body with the head at the apex, the baby on her right knee, and St. John at the left lower edge. However, this asymmetry is balanced by the direction of Mary’s gaze, drawing the eye in the opposite direction.

There is no plausible space in the picture, although the implausible cherubs lean on believable clouds behind her. The colors are intense[6] and the texture is uniformly smooth, with the skin of the baby duplicating the smoothness of the Madonna’s silky clothing. The composition, as noted above, is generally of a triangle, with the emphasis placed on the two children by putting them right next to one another.

There is unity of color intensity and value with no dramatic contrasts except the white headscarf. The figures are all in reasonable realistic proportion, although they fill the space overpoweringly. The repeating motif of weird cherubs adds its own rhythm. The simplicity of this painting differs from the more complex compositions and dramatic lighting of such later artists as Caravaggio.

The work is a representative example of the Early Renaissance trend towards naturalism, of which Bellini was an important part. The composition is straightforward, but unlike the stiff figures of prior centuries of religious art, the figures are believable. The slightly unbalanced triangular composition departs from the rigid symmetry of the Gothic style. Bellini’s workshop, mixing tempera and oils, thus shows the direction that Bellini would take in his later career and points towards the evolution of the Venetian Renaissance.

Works Cited Bellini, Workshop of Giovanni. Madonna and Child with St. John. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis. tempera and oil on wood. 2013. Web.

Brittanica. “Giovanni Bellini.” 2013. Brittanica. Web.

Bugiardini, Giuliano. Madonna and-Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis. oil on wood. 2013. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Museum Gallery: “Madonna and Child with St. John” by Giovanni Bellini specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Indianapolis Museum of Art. “Bellini: Creating and Recreating.” 2013. Indianapolis Museum of Art. Web.

National Gallery of Art. “Giovanni Bellini.” 2013. National Gallery of Art. Web.

Vall, Pere. St. Stephen and Mary Magdalene. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana. tempera and gold on wood. 2013. Web.

Footnotes Many of these were repainted much later than the original painting in an effort to cover damaged paint (Indianapolis Museum of Art).

According to the Christian gospel biblical account, this second, slightly older child was the son of Mary’s relative, Elizabeth. This John, grew up to become a preacher and was known as St. John the Baptizer (or John the Baptist).

This is perhaps intended to draw attention to the fact that Jesus could, if he wished as a later adult, engage in the sexual activity that the Roman Catholic Church has always identified with original sin, but chose instead to remain sinless, according to Roman Catholic dogma.

For example in the slightly later Bugliardini painting in oil on wood of the same subject (Bugiardini)

An example from the IMA would be the Pere Vall painting, St. Stephen and St. Mary Magdalene (Vall)

According to the IMA conservationists, the intense white of her head draperies arise from the lead in the paint (Indianapolis Museum of Art)

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Comparsion Between the Hume and Collingwood Works Essay essay help online: essay help online

Hume argues that we study history in order to understand our origin and satisfy our human curiosities. He says “in an effort to make us bound to the truths we discover” (Hume, 1920, p.23). Hume further argues that the only way to understand human nature and to be contended with our roots is to know our history. It is for this reason that he introduces philosophy as a means of understanding human nature.

Hume classifies the different reasons for the study of history into various categories that he uses to explain the expected outcome of man in his quest for historical knowledge. He attributes the presence of different categories of philosophy to the advent and study of history. According to Hume, it is from history that different branches of philosophy emerge.

These are natural philosophy and philosophy that is totally dependent on human nature. He also argues that for one to fully understand the nature of human philosophy and natural philosophy, they should have an idea about their own origin (Hume, 1902).

Hume’s other argument consists in the fact that the study of history helps us achieve the basic understanding of where ideas originate from and why we possess some ideas and not others. Hume argues that for one to understand the origin of ideas, they should embrace their memories; it is in this premise that our history lies. History, according to Hume, is developed in a chronological manner and so is our ability to understand and associate ideas with their sequences (Hume, 1902).

The argument on the probability of certain events to occur is also backed up with the study of history. Hume argues that it is from history that we derive our experiences. He states that experiences are able to determine the probability of occurrence of certain events. In the next chapters, Hume underlines the importance of history in the field of applied epistemology and its links to human nature.

The similarity between Hume and Collingwood’s arguments on the reasons for the study of history is that they are unanimous about the fact that we study history in order to acquire knowledge, they also associate the process of acquiring knowledge as a journey that involves personal discoveries and requires a good understanding of our history.

However, the major difference between the works of Hume and Collingwood in tackling the relevance of history to our human nature is clearly seen in their arguments. Collingwood unlike Hume uses facts from history to relate the nature of man and to predict the future. He uses facts of events that have either occurred or have been mentioned in history to explain certain occurrences, while Hume in his arguments uses historical premises to prove his theories and explain their relevance to history (Collingwood, 1946).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, Hume’s arguments require a deeper understanding of philosophical premises to correctly comprehend their meaning. Collingwood uses an example of someone fearing to cross the mountains because there are wolves there. He says “someone fearing to cross the mountains is not suffering merely for the sins of his fathers who taught him to believe”, which is true since we are brought up and made to believe things that have been passed down from generations (Collingwood, 1946, p.4).

In conclusion, the relevance of history is demonstrated and proved to be critical in enabling us to understand ourselves and our own existence. Hume and Collingwood both argue and present us with the facts needed to understand the relevance of history to our existence.

References Hume, D. (1902). Enquiries Concerning the Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Moralsed. L. A. Selby-Bigge, M.A. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Collingwood, R.G (1946). The Idea of History Epilegomena: 6: History and Freedom. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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Concepts of How the Blues Music Started In America Research Paper scholarship essay help

Introduction The history of blues as a genre of music in America can be traced back to the time when the first African slaves were brought to the United States in 1619 to when the last slaves were brought in 1807. It is believed that some of the captains who were on-board the ships that were used for transporting the slaves to America used to force new slaves to sing on the deck as they considered this to be a way of prolonging their lives. Tied with chains on their hands and legs, the slaves had to sing and dance and those who did not dance were whipped.

Since these slaves were not allowed to bring musical instruments from Africa, the kind of music they sung was purely vocal. During the slave trade period, playing of drums by slaves was not allowed by their masters. However, there are instances when slaves played the banjo and the fiddle in the 18th century. As research findings show, slaves actually played the banjo as early as 1690, a norm that became more pronounced in the 18th century (Weissman 6-10 and Oring 224-233).

Although all these is known, sometimes attempting to pinpoint the exact time when blues as a genre of music was started in the world is a difficult task, because there are chances that this kind of music was enjoyed in other communities before the slave trade period. Therefore, from research all that is clearly known is that, whenever new slaves were brought to America, they always had an influence on the already existing slaves who had developed a kind of musical fusion.

History of Blues During the slave trade period, slaves were encouraged to attend church; whereby, the experiences they went through, which included the prospects of leaving bondage and being free was always in their minds, leading to the creation of a kind of music that was commonly referred to as African-American spiritual.

This kind of music was the first to be accepted in the United States by African-Americans (Weissman 10). As a result of the fame that this kind of music received with time, in 1867, the first set of the slaves’ songs was published. Although most of the songs that were published had religious themes, majority of them had hidden meanings; hence, in most cases, they were interpreted wrongly by people who were not slaves.

Some of these songs incorporated the plight of slavery and others went as far as informing slaves how they could escape from the plantations. As time went by, other forms of songs emerged in plantations where the slaves worked. For example, slaves started singing secular songs like the holler, work groups, and the ring’s shouts (Weissman 11).

As research studies show, the first true recording of blues was done in the 1920s, and it is thought to have originated from the period slightly after the Civil War of between 1890 and1920. This period was referred as the repressive period since after the civil war, slave trade was abolished and some African-Americans were given the opportunity of owning land under certain conditions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In most cases, it is believed that, blues played a role in enlightening slaves about their rights and the kind of suffering and life experiences that they had to endure for them to succeed. Slaves who chose the travelling minstrel got a chance of dancing the whole night, and singing various blues, which were melodic (Weissman 19-31).

Types of blues As a result of lack of interest in black music during the late 19th century, there is no evidence of any recording that was done during this period; hence, a lot is still unknown about the kind of music, which was actually played before the 1920s. However, a compilation of music researched and written by Howard Odum, classified blues into three categories using the people who sang them.

For example, there was the songster, who he classified as a blues musician, the musicianer who had basic experience of musical instruments, and lastly the musician physicianer, who he categorised as travelling blues singers. Many believed the songsters were the link between the earlier music that was played by the slaves and blues. Presently, blues can be categorised into four groups, namely the Chicago blues, Delta blues, Texas blues, and finally the Blue rocks. (Odum 255-294)

The Migration of Blue through Years Emergence of Blues and Migration of Blues’ Players to Chicago

Blues gained popularity in 1920s and managed to be an America’s popular form of music. During this era, blues evolved from the informal places that it was played at night into theatres, which were more appropriate.

Due to its rising popularity, several recording studios such as Paramount and American Record Corporation started to show interest in this kind of music, leading to later recording of African-American music. As the industry grew, singers adopted and improvised a different and unique way of playing blues. The most common singers at the time were the Delta blues who had emerged with a blend of the old slave style music composition that incorporated the use of the guitar.

Between 1920 and 1930, the Memphis blue was established as a new genre of blues. This music became famous because it incorporated the use of the virtuoso guitar flair. Later in the early 1940s, there was a mass migration of blues’ players from Memphis to Chicago and this meant that they had to adjust their music for it to be appealing to a greater audience, since this was relatively a new singing environment. As a result of these adjustments, their music ended up being more organized and their performance level was elevated.

Singers such as Mamie Smith and Bessie Smith were some of the female singers who were very popular during this era and their fame enabled them to sell thousands of copies of their music anytime they produced new music. In 1925, sensational singers such as the Mills brothers learnt to mimic instruments with their vocals and as a result grew to become some of the most famous singers (Weissman 73-86).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Concepts of How the Blues Music Started In America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Urban blues

The evolution of urban blues took place as a result of economic developments that had taken place, because of the migration of African-American from the rural area to cities. This migration created a better market for blues as it later on contributed to the expanding of blues to other parts of the world.

For example, in order for the then existing production companies to thrive in the music industry, they had to change their names to accommodate new developments. On the other hand, with the shift in the blues industry, industry leaders created a chart for rhythms and blue, and a new technology to amp musical sounds and streamline blues’ beats was adopted.

This development led to the emergence of the R

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Utilitarianism Theory Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Utilitarianism theory argues that the consequence of an action determines whether that particular action is morally right or wrong. Philosophers behind this theory include Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, R.M. Hare and Peter Singer. All these philosophers evaluate morality of actions depending on overall happiness or well-being. Thus, they see utilitarianism as a consequentialist ethic.

Consequentialist ethics holds that in determining whether an act, policy, rule or motive is morally right, we should check whether it has good consequences for all affected persons. Rather than asking if an action has good consequences for a person, we should just inquire whether that action adds to the person’s happiness.

Therefore, utilitarianism is an ethical theory that centers on happiness, not just the happiness of one person, but happiness of many people. Thus, the greatest happiness principle is synonymous with the principle of utility. The principle of greatest happiness states that a person should do things that will have the most happiness for all involved persons.

Critics of utilitarian ethics argue that because utilitarianism emphasizes on results, utilitarian theorists should agree that the theory of ethical relativism solves the problem of relativism. These critics claim that since utilitarian theorists argue that morality of an action depends on what the product of the action will take to all affected persons, then almost every action is moral. That is to say, utilitarianism is a consequentialistic ethic and thus, we cannot know whether an action is immoral until we see its bad consequences.

Given that, utilitarian ethics in some ways holds morality of an action hostage to the result, morality of the action appears relative. However, we refute ethical relativism since utilitarian ethics is a type of universalism, given its grounds in trust in universal human nature. Utilitarian theorists say that all people have altruistic and egoistic elements, and all people seek to evade pain and augment pleasure. Then, instead of ethical relativism, they support a liberal ethics that acknowledges there are universal principles and values.

The utilitarian perspective that ethics is more inclined to our feelings and not our rationality may seem to give evidence that utilitarianism is a type of relativism. Obviously, people have different outlooks about different matters. However, description of ethics may not always be from this perspective. Think about a cruel act such as premeditated murder.

How comes that this act immoral? Is it due to societal, divine, or natural laws? The truth is that human beings cannot make the moral judgment that premeditated murder is immoral until they experience negative sentiments about such acts. If there are human beings who do not get negative sentiments after reflecting on the idea of premeditated murder, or other monstrous acts, it is because those persons have something wrong with them and thus, cannot feel others pain.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Desensitization is the contemporary psychological word that describes why some people may not have feeling for the pain of others. People become desensitized making them not feel others pain. This psychological thought matches perfectly well with the utilitarian idea of sentience. However, human nature is universal and a universal ethics rests upon nothing more than human sentiments.

At the center of the utilitarian argument that shifts from the concern we physically have for our personal feelings of pain and pleasure, to others feelings of pain and pleasure, is the belief that this is the nature of human beings. When we hear about calamities happening to others, we may find ourselves flinching or grimacing. However, to go from a claim about our human nature to a moral claim that we ought to do this, and it is correct that we do this, and wrong when we fail to do this, includes an extra step in the argument.

The crucial step is to ask ourselves whether there is actually a difference between our pains and joys and other peoples’ pains and joys. This, for instance, is a problem to any racist. If dissimilar races experience equal pleasures and pains, then how come one race sees itself as superior to another race? If there is actually no difference between our pains and pleasures with others pains and pleasures, then we ought to, just due to consistency, view their suffering as just as significant as ours.

This is the heart of the justification of the theory of utility; we should do what will have the best outcomes for all persons involved, not only for ourselves, since there actually is no significant difference involving our welfare and other people’s welfare.

It is clear that equality is a main concept involved in this reasoning. A different way to portray the central utilitarian concept is just to say humans are equal; your pain or happiness is equal to another person’s anguish or happiness. However, another person’s happiness, well-being, suffering, pleasure and pain are not more crucial than yours. Hence, considering ethics along utilitarian line takes us from egoism through altruism to equality.

Other critics of utilitarianism argue that it is difficult and impossible to apply its principles. Those that hold that it is difficult to apply utilitarian principles argue that calculating the outcomes for all persons is impractical due to uncertainty and the big number involved. The truth, however, is that utilitarianism offers a clear way of determining whether an action is moral or not, and this does not involve calculations.

As mentioned earlier, a morally right action should have pleasurable consequences. Therefore, a person who says that it is difficult to apply this theory should support his/her claims with examples of actions that produce pleasurable outcomes, but are wrong. Therefore, the argument that it is difficult to calculate what is right does not hold any water, since it has no harm to the principle of utility. Rather, this is a problem of the human condition.

We will write a custom Essay on Utilitarianism Theory specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other critics that oppose the application of utilitarian principles argue that it is not possible to gauge or quantify happiness and there is no defined method of weighing happiness against suffering. However, the truth is that happiness is measurable and comparable through words like happier and happiest. If it were not measurable, then these words would have little meaning.

In conclusion, the theory of utilitarianism is sound, logical and consistent. Utilitarian ethics follow the law of greatest happiness. According to this law, human beings seek to decrease suffering and maximize happiness. Hence, an action that is correct morally must lead to the greatest possible pleasure. This also implies that actions that cause pain on human beings are morally wrong. As seen in the arguments above, this theory is beyond reproach, as it caters for all possible objections.

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The Peace Pipe and Mi’kmaq Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Introduction Religion and spirituality are aspects of human culture that have existed for many years. Native cultures, such as the Mi’kmaq culture have a rich spiritual history from where one can learn interesting elements that transcend traditional and modern religions (Marshall 58). This particular paper explores exciting material culture aspects among the Mi’kmaq natives-the peace pipe.

Here, areas covered include a physical description of the peace pipe, its application and meaning, as well as associated rituals among other aspects (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1). Without doubt, the peace pipe is an important material culture artifact that reveals many spirituals beliefs about nature, balance, and the general life of the Mi’kmaq people.

Background Information The cultural history of the Mi’kmaq people dates as back as twenty generations ago (Alfred 6). The Mi’kmaq people are known for their rich cultural history which was faithfully transferred to oncoming generations through oral tradition (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1). Some of the Mi’kmaq aspects on spirituality compare well with some modern religious practices today (Marshall 58).

For example, the Mi’kmaq believed that there lives a supernatural being that created all things present in our universe today. However, some aspects of their (Mi’kmaq) religion (despite deriving them from common religious practices today) are unique and different from common religious beliefs in our world today (Alfred 20).

Believing that there exists a supernatural being that created all things in the universe, the Mi’kmaq people made a number of efforts to acknowledge, worship and revere the supernatural being (Marshall 58). The Mi’kmaq people believed that paying respect to all the elements of the universe was paying reverence and respect to the supernatural being (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1).

Such a direction did not prevent the Mi’kmaq people from using their environment and nature to meet their needs. Instead, the Mi’kmaq used several ways to pay respect to their creator while using their environment (Marshall 58).

Anytime the Mi’kmaq people used any part of the environment for their benefit, they conducted special rituals, paid thanks to their creator and showed respect to what they had used (as part of the ways used to respect their creator) (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 2). Importantly, the Mi’kmaq believed that nothing in the universe existed in isolation; rather, everything is intertwined and depends on other parts of nature for sustenance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Importantly, everything in the universe, including living and non living things, has an associated spirit (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 2). Therefore, the Mi’kmaq people believe that it is important to remain in a state of harmony with the spirits associated with all the elements of the environment for sustenance and peace (Marshall 60). Man can engage in several activities and rituals to attain a state of harmony with his environment (Alfred 20).

Thus, the Mi’kmaq people practiced several material cultures for the purposes of attaining balance and peaceful existence with their environment. Here, one of the important material cultures found among the Mi’kmaq people is the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). As it will become clear, the peace pipe is an important artifact that integrates spiritual beliefs found among the Mi’kmaq people (Marshall, 56).

Origin and Description of the Peace Pipe

Also known as the sacred pipe, the peace pipe ranks among the most important spiritual artifacts among the Mi’kmaq people. One can use the peace pipe to thank the spirits and request for any need that he has (Marshall 60). The peace pipe is simply an assembly of two components: the stem and the bowl (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3).

When its two basic components are connected, the peace pipe can serve as a tool for smoking special types of prepared herbs (Alfred 42). The stone is the main material that is used to mould the bowl. On the other hand, wood is used to construct the stem (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3).

Interestingly, the Mi’kmaq people do not think that it is necessary to add any decorations to the peace pipe since such a move does not make the peace pipe more powerful. It is also important to note that the Mi’kmaq do not use the peace pipe to smoke common drugs like bhang since such an action is disrespectful to the spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

The Mi’kmaq legend has it that the white buffalo calf woman gave the peace pipe to the Mi’kmaq people about 2000 years ago (Alfred 24). At this time, the Mi’kmaq elders were gathered in a council meeting to discuss the challenges that were facing their community. Here, the Mi’kmaq community was facing starvation due to a prolonged drought and unsuccessful hunting expeditions (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

It is at this time that the white buffalo calf woman came and gave this important tool to the Mi’kmaq people to be used for purposes of obtaining balance with nature and for praying to the spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4). The white buffalo calf woman gave the Mi’kmaq people all the details required for the design and construction of the peace pipe (Marshall 62). Besides, she also gave the Mi’kmaq council instructions on how they were to use the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Peace Pipe and Mi’kmaq specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Mi’kmaq people could now use the peace pipe to pray to the spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4). When the Mi’kmaq prayed to the calf woman to convert herself into a buffalo, their prayer was answered and they had plenty of meat to eat (Alfred 20). From that time onwards, the Mi’kmaq people use the peace pipe as a sacred object (that they use to pray to the spirits) (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

Types of Peace Pipe Users

One can classify the types of peace pipe users into two different categories: a personal user and a community carrier. Thus, any individual can obtain a personal peace pipe, which he can use to make personal prayers to the spirits. However, the Mi’kmaq culture does not allow individuals to share the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

On the other hand, a special individual can obtain a peace pipe, which he can use for asking the spirits to meet the needs of his community (Alfred 18). Apart from using the peace pipe to ask the spirits to meet the needs of his community, a community peace pipe carrier can use the peace pipe to ask the spirits to assemble for a special gathering or even for healing purposes.

Importantly, the Mi’kmaq people believe that there are only a handful of privileged society members who can carry the peace pipe on behalf of their community (Alfred 16). Therefore, it is not everybody who can carry a peace pipe on behalf of his community. The spirits give this special task to a person before he is born (for him to take the task of carrying the peace pipe on behalf of his community (Marshall 56).

What the Pipe Represents

The peace pipe integrates the beliefs of the Mi’kmaq people about the world, the spirits, nature, and the supernatural powers. The Mi’kmaq people believed that every material found within the universe had an associated spirit (Alfred 20). Besides, nothing in the universe exists in isolation but in a state of balance with the rest of the universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). The peace pipe consists of two distinct, but connected elements: the pipe and the bowl (Marshall 67).

The bowl is molded from stone (Marshall 62). Since it is made from an inorganic material, the bowl represents the spirits of non living things (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). On the other hand, the stem (obtained from trees, which are living things) represents the spirits of living things. Also, the stem represents the male elements of our universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). Likewise, the bowl represents the female elements of our universe.

Thus, connecting the bowl and stem represents joining the male and female elements of the universe; hence, attaining the states of peace, harmony and balance in the universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). Every peace pipe must posses the symbolism described above (Alfred 8). However, some peace pipes may have special decorations, as well as additional elements (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Such decorations and elements serve the purposes of reinforcing additional symbols to the peace pipe.

The Peace Pipe Ritual

So as to use the peace pipe to present prayers to spirits correctly, it is important to conduct a peace pipe ceremony in a manner that would place the community in the right perspective with prayers (Marshall 67). Thus, peace pipe ceremony participants must ensure that they make all observations required to bring their minds into a state of communicating with the spirits (Marshall 67).

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Peace Pipe and Mi’kmaq by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To put one’s mind into the rights state of prayer to the spirits, one needs to be aware that he is participating in a very important sacred moment during the peace pipe ceremony (Alfred 16). Besides, one needs to follow a special procedure while receiving the peace pipe during the ceremony (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Here, one must use his right hand to receive the stem of the peace pipe and his left hand to receive the bowl of the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

Loaders of the peace pipe must also follow a special procedure to fill the peace pipe. The purpose of these four steps is to show respects to the spirits of the four directions (east, west, north and south) (Alfred 17). For each of the four steps, one should conduct a set of rituals (Marshall 67). First, one should give some amount of tobacco to the spirit of the direction that applies. One should then call the spirit of the direction that applies and ask that spirit to hear his prayers (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5).

Once one has completed rituals for a given direction, he places a small amount of tobacco in the bowl, points in the next direction, and repeats the procedure above for the spirit of the new direction (Marshall 67). A convenient way of lighting the peace pipe is to use sacred fire. Here, one should use a twig or a small bundle of sweet grass to transfer light from the sacred fire to the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).

In addition, it is also important to follow the four-step ritual while smoking the peace pipe. Here, one recognizes the presence of the four spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 2). While focusing his mind on the four spirits, one should release the smoke to rise towards the sky (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). At this particular stage, one can guide the smoke to pass over his head. While in the spacing between any two directions, one should rotate the stem of the peace pipe clockwise to show respect to the four directions (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5).

One finishes the special ritual of the peace pipe when all the tobacco in the bowl is consumed. At this particular stage, it is important for one to alert the spirits that he has finished the ritual. Separating the stem from the bowl alerts the spirits that the ritual is finished. (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5)

Once the stem and the bowl are separated, the next stage is to empty consumed contents in the bowl (Marshall 67). While emptying the bowl of the peace pipe, it is important for one to dispose the contents in a respectful manner (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5).

For example, one can empty the consumed contents of the peace pipe in the spiritual fire or even around the roots of sacred trees (Alfred 15). While acknowledging that the spirits responded to all the prayers offered during the peace pipe ritual, one should carefully place the components of the peace pipe under a special wrap (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Here, one should thank the spirits for responding to the requests offered during the peace pipe ceremony.

A participant in a peace pipe ceremony could be offered a peace pipe during the ritual (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Here, one should accept the peace pipe with his right hand touching the stem while his left hand touching the bowl (Alfred 8).

After smoking the pipe, one should turn the stem of the peace pipe in a clockwise direction before offering it (stem first) to the next participant (Marshall 67). In case one does not feel comfortable smoking the peace pipe, he can touch his shoulder with the stem of the pipe before passing it to the next participant (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 6).

Conclusion Without doubt, Religion and spirituality are aspects of human culture that have existed for many years. Native cultures, such as the Mi’kmaq culture have a rich spiritual history from where modern people can learn interesting elements that transcend traditional and modern religions.

The Mi’kmaq people are known for their rich cultural history which was faithfully transferred to oncoming generations through oral tradition (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1). The Mi’kmaq people believed that every material found within the universe had an associated spirit (Alfred 20).

Besides, nothing in the universe exists in isolation but in a state of balance with the rest of the universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). As an assemblage of two components (the stem and the bowl), the peace pipe has a great symbolic significance that represents the spiritual beliefs of the Mi’kmaq people (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). With its symbolic significance, the peace pipe was an important artifact used to offer prayers to the spirits

Works Cited Alfred, Lowe. Warrior Societies in Contemporary Indigenous Communities. New York: McMillan, 2006. Print

Marshall, Murdena. Lessons of the Life Cycle. New York: Breton University Press, 2004. Print

Mi’kmaw Spirituality 2013. Web.

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Movie Review: The Graduate by Mike Nichols Analytical Essay college essay help near me

The movie The Graduate directed by Mike Nichols is a story of a young man called Benjamin Braddock who returns the house of his parents after graduation from the university. The main character has no definite plans regarding his career or personal life. He starts an affair with Mrs. Robinson who is wife of his father’s partner.

Yet, later this character falls in love with her daughter, Elaine. Overall, this film is about the individual who strives to discover his identity. This opening credit sequence of this film is supposed to show the sense of insecurity and uncertainty that this person experiences, and this goal is achieved with the help of different formal elements such as mise-en-scène, cinematography, sound, and editing. This argument should be discussed in more detail.

The first part of this sequence starts with a close eye-level shot of the protagonist. A few seconds later the camera moves backward and the viewers can see that the main character is on the airplane. This shot includes diegetic or identifiable sounds. For instance, one can mention the voice of the flight attendant.

This element is necessary because in this way the authors can tell the viewers about the destination at which the main character arrives. Additionally, the close-up shot is important because the film-makers want to show the main character stares blankly into space. He looks like a person who is deeply obsessed with some question or dilemma that he cannot resolve. This is one of the details that should not be overlooked.

During the second shot of the sequence, the viewers can see Benjamin Braddock moving on an up escalator. It should be mentioned that the camera operator takes a medium-distance dolly shot. The use of this technique helps the audience see the facial expression of the main character, and one can see that he feels very strained.

This is main impression that he can produce on the onlooker. Yet, the most important element of this shot is the sound track. In particular, one can speak about the song called The Sound of Silence. To a great extent, it greatly helps the film-makers to render the feeling of insecurity that the protagonist tries to overcome. The music and the lyrics are vital understand the behavior of Benjamin Braddock and his interactions with other people.

The subsequent shots include dolly shots taken from various distances. Benjamin Braddock takes his suitcase and leaves the airport. The final scene of this sequence consists of the close-up shot of the protagonist who is sitting on his sofa. Again, Benjamin Braddock looks like a person who does not want to be disturbed by anyone. Additionally, the authors prefer such an editing technique as cut which means that shots instantly replace each another. This technique is important for making a movie more dynamic.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the whole, the opening credit sequence set the stage for the other events described in the movie. This part of the movie should not be overlooked because it throws some light on the protagonist and his lack of confidence. Certainly, the viewers can learn more about Benjamin Braddock only by watching the entire film. However, the beginning of this movie is very informative. Additionally, this sequence can throw some light on the cinematographic techniques used by the writer. These are the main aspects that can be identified.

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Robert Frost’s Fear Poetry Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Robert Frost had it tough growing up and during his adulthood it did not get any easier. Frost wrote poetry relating to his rather challenging life experiences because he used it as a coping mechanism. Fear and anxiety were common images in his writing which is why his poetry explicitly depicts his true inner self.

He vented out his anger through writing and this made his works appeal passionately to his readers. This influenced his writing and was a means of escape. He was not mentally ill as some people argue. Frost “knew himself”, that is why he was able to control his fears and balance the tension between the inner and outer self-forces.

The “knowing” and not “knowing himself” are statements of disagreement with the world. In Sheehy’s article, Lawrence Thompson notes that the ultimate problem of Frost biographer is to see if the biographer can be enough of a psychologist to get far enough back into the formative years of Robert Frost and to try to realize and clarify what forces were functioning, back there, to produce the curious forms of fixation which Robert Frost had to fight with of all through his life (Sheehy 393).

This challenge of having to delve into Frost’s background from a psychological perspective to explain whether or not he “knew himself” works to justify the view that he was not mentally ill.

Lisa Hinrichsen agreed with Thompson in accepting the idea of frost neurotic behavior. She includes a psychological analysis of Sigmund Freud in her article (Hinrichsen 42). Based on Freud’s psychoanalytic approach to fear and anxiety, the latter is used in Frost’s poetry in conjunction with conditions created in his poetry that reflect anxiety irrespective of any objective, while fear is fundamentally focused toward an object.

The Freudian theory helps us understand Frost more from a psychological standpoint. Hinrichsen develops her argument referring to Freud who gives anxiety to be associated with a “disruptive, uncontrollable character” and explains that it generates a feeling of “uncomfortable helplessness.” (Hinrichsen 48).

Hinrichsen claims that the anxiety of Frost’s poetry could be formed with the presence of conscious and unconscious fears. “Many of Frost’s poems are clearly self-consciously controlled spaced filled with boundaries, walls, doors, and frames that define spatial confines and carefully scaled scenes” (Hinrichsen 48). That Frost was more focused on expressing himself in relation to his experiences rather than making a blunt reference to remote life issues is clearly depicted in his works, as illustrated by Hinriechsen.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Frost constantly sets restrictions for himself in his poetry. Mental illness, which ran so commonly in this poet’s family, may become a serious reason for these fears. Enduring so much loss and suffering for years, Frost could be afraid to become mad himself and sets boundaries for his own emotions and imagination; though, this attempt to guard his inners self could be quite an insensible effort.

Frost’s plan was to put fear in his mind. His inner and outer forces are used here in the sense of “Tree at my Window.” In this poem, Frost illustrates two distinctive forms of self, which influence his being. He employs the imagery of the tree as the outer, and the speaker the inner.

While Hinrichsen and Eben Bass share the same ideas on inner and outer forces, Hinrichsen argues that the fear Frost has comes from anxiety within the poet. She expounds that the voice of fretfulness talks as a form of motion or flight in his poems. Bass focuses on fear, which comes from an outside object, just like the main image in Frost’s poems.

He explains nature’s risk and how it creates fear in the poems’ speakers. Both nature and feeling are associated with what Eben Bass refers to as the “outer,” which can be a physical thing, for example the desert in “Desert Places”, birches in “Birches” and window in the “Tree at My Window” which are normally used as physical or figurative obstacles between outer and inner; between fear and safety.

The “outer” is attributed to vulnerability, nature and improbability as opposed to the “inner” which is characterized by tranquility and peace. He claims that Frost’s poesy is characterized by competition stuck between the inner and the outer, but Frost was able to control this tension and cope with the stress creating a balance between his inner and outer forces.

Bass did not mention in his argument about Frost being neurotic. To Bass, Frost “knew himself” to a point that made him able to control his fear and create a balance between his inner and outer forces. This self- knowledge by Frost attests to the sincerity of his fears and anxiety and to the reality of similar feelings to the average reader whose poetry appeals to, teaches and admonishes.

Some fears are normal and positive to each other and everyone has some fears sometimes, stated Mary Reufle in her article “On Fear.” She describes the fear as normal and positive thing to each one, especially the poet. Reufle sees fear as an advantage to the poet.

We will write a custom Essay on Robert Frost’s Fear Poetry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Eben (34), if one bends over their page and does not suddenly tremble with fear and throw away their pen, then their writing would have little value. In a sense, you have to have some level of fear and tension in order to engage the reader.

In Sheehy’s article, she quotes Lawrence Thompson who talks about the same idea that Bass talks about in the balance between inner and outer self that Frost has.

Thompson says, “I do not see any reason for even bothering to use the word neurotic. “The boundary line between the healthy individual and the neurotic individual is too constantly fluctuating” said Thompson, “we all cross that line into the neurotic realms, quite often. The only question is whether we are able to get back and recognize where we’ve been” (Sheehy 394). Frost was able to control his fear and use it as a strength through expression.

Thompson thus dispels the claim that Frost was of ill mental health, and in so doing, justifies the consciousness with which Frost expressed his inner state of being, which appeals equally to his readers inner beings as a requirement for the accurate interpretation, and subsequently, the success of his poetry. Thompson’s assertion that being healthy and being neurotic could be a state of health of all humans further nullifies the neurotic claim against Frost.

Does Frost “know himself”? Is it still a big question? Horney says, “It is a question of knowing ourselves well enough to recognize as aberration as such.” Horney in her introduction had emphasized the significance of self-knowledge in the process of outgrowing a childhood obsession with self and moving toward a healthy self-realization.

Thompson, at this point, is still uncertain about how well Frost “knew himself,” whether his deceptions were truly self-deceptive to the extent that Frost could not recognize the actual from the idealized. Even as his conviction about Frost’s neurosis grew and his will to diagnose strengthened, however, Thompson remained reluctant to adopt the term “neurotic. Robert Frost “knew this is how he needed to write in order to cope.

Even if Frost was neurotic or not, anxious or not, he still “knew himself”. Frost was not weak or lost which gives us the idea that there is a connection between his inner and outer self; Frost was not only able to leave this connection between the two forces, but also he kept the tension neutral between the two forces.

Frost knew that false control strengthens the wall of separation so he tried hard to eliminate this wall by contacting deeper and vaster faculties to activate him even while the wall was still present. Beside that, Frost was not able to let his inner control his outer, but he was able to keep the balance between the two forces.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Robert Frost’s Fear Poetry by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Socrates once said, “May I have beauty in my inward soul, and may the outer and the inner be as one.” Frost was not able to make his outer and inner as one, but he was clever enough to use his ability of controlling his fear and balancing the tension between the inner and outer forces to benefit the reader and himself.

Works Cited Bass, Eben. “Frost’s Poetry of Fear.” American Literature 43.4 (1972): 603. Academic Search Complete. Web.

Freud, Sigmund. A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis; Trans. by G. Stanley Hall. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1920; Bartleby.com, 2010.

Hinrichsen, Lisa. “A Defensive Eye: Anxiety, Fear and Form In The Poetry Of Robert Frost.” Journal of Modern Literature 31.3 (2008): 44-57. Academic Search Complete. Web.

Ruefle, Mary. “On Fear.” Poetry 200.3 (2012): 275-290. Academic Search Complete. Web.

Sheehy, Donald G. “The Poet As Neurotic: The Official Biography Of Robert Frost.” American Literature 58.3 (1986): 393. Academic Search Complete. Web.

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The Summary of Two Chapters from Amusing Ourselves to Death by Neil Postman Essay college admissions essay help

Neil Postman’s book Amusing Ourselves to Death is an important book that explores the effects of mass media on modern culture. This paper is aimed at summarizing the first two chapters of this book, namely The Medium is the Metaphor and Media as Epistemology.

Overall, in these section of his work, the author argues that the growing importance of television influence the content of modern of culture and change the way in which people acquire knowledge about themselves and the world. In particular, the trend which has been identified by the author can result in the situation when individuals will not be able to analyze information from a critical standpoint. This is the main argument that can be put forward.

In the first chapter The Medium is the Metaphor, Neil Postman speaks about the declining importance of printed media on the public opinion and the rise of television as the main medium that shapes attitudes, values, opinions, and behavioral norms of individuals and groups. The most important argument made by the writer is that this shift changes the content of culture in part because printed media and television can present information in different ways.

This is one of the reasons why the content of culture is “most suitable to television” (Postman 8). The main effect of this change is that people can change the way in which they think. For instance, they can be accustomed to more simplified presentation of information which does not require significant mental effort. These are the main issues that Neil Postman explores in the first chapter of the book.

In turn, the second chapter Media as Epistemology the author argues that mass media shape the way in which individuals acquire knowledge and assess the information. In the author’s opinion, the printed media prompted people to do a more rigorous evaluation of the information. Moreover, the author had to present a coherent and logical discourse in order to justify his/her arguments. In contrast, this discourse cannot always be found in the messages offered by the television.

It should be kept in mind that the television can make a person less critical in his/her assessment of data. Apart from that, Neil Postman refers to the famous argument according to which “seeing is believing” (Postman 24). This means that people are often uncritical in the assessment of evidence. Therefore, many individuals can come to the belief that the information offered by television is the most reliable one.

Certainly, some of the claims that the writer makes can be questioned. In particular, one should not suppose that the rise of television inevitably marginalizes printed media. Such an assumption seems to be too exaggerated. In the first two chapters, the writer does not say that printed media are of little importance nowadays. Nevertheless, he insists on the idea that the transformation technology and the advent of new media can transform many aspects of contemporary culture.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More So, it is possible to say that in the first two chapters of his book, Neil Postman raises several important questions about the role of mass media in modern society. The author shows that the growing importance of television can influence many aspects of modern culture. In particular, it can lead to the situation when individuals and groups will acquire knowledge in a less critical way. Moreover, the content of culture can be altered so that it could meet the format of the media.

Works Cited Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business, New York: Penguin Books, 2005. Print.

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Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace Research Paper essay help

Professional’s Women’s Clothing and Accessories for Interviews in America Wearing the right accessories to an interview is an important part of making the right impression in an interview. The importance of wearing the right accessory is especially important for women. Experts say that female accessories differ from “normal” wear because few accessories make a better impression of the interviewee.

Similarly, experts say it is incorrect for female interviewees to wear too many accessories because wearing too many accessories does not create a humble impression of their personalities. Similarly, it is crucial for women to wear accessories that complement their clothing, as opposed to overwhelming it.

Concerning jewelry, some experts say women should refrain from wearing a dangling jewelry (like dangling earrings) in an interview. Similarly, women should not wear many bracelets in an interview. Women should also conceal tattoos and piercings because they are inappropriate for interviews.

Therefore, depending on where interviewees have their tattoo, it is advisable for women to consider covering it for the duration of the interview. Experts also advise that wearing hats in interviews is disrespectful to the interviewers because it is unprofessional for first time interviewees to wear hats. This requirement applies to any type of interview. Relatively, women should not wear hooded jackets, or informal clothing such as sweat pants because they have hats or extensions on their fabric.

Women should also refrain from wearing extensively high-heeled shoes in interviews because it is inappropriate for fist time interviewees to wear such shoes in their first appearance at interviews. Since making a good impression in an interview is very important to the interviewee, women should also refrain from wearing platform shoes.

Instead, closed-toe pumps are appropriate for interviews. A neutral color is most desirable. If a woman wears an outfit that has a provision for a belt, she should have a matching belt. Alternatively, the belt could match any other accessory that the woman wears (such as a bag or a pair of shoes).

When it comes to hair and makeup, professionals advise women to have simple hairdos and wear minimal makeup to exude humility during the interview. Here, women should always be subtle with their hairstyles and avoid excessive makeup on their hair as well.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Simplicity is therefore important in wearing the right hairstyles because scrunches and big hair clips are undesirable for interviews. The same assumption is true for nail polish because long and brightly colored nails are undesirable for interviews. In fact, the interviewer should not notice a woman’s nail color. The failure to accessorize correctly may manifest in a woman showing up to an interview in a bright red dress, with matching nail polish and shoes.

Broadly, it is important to maintain a conservative look always. Women should also wear minimal shades of cologne because wearing strong colognes may irritate some interviewers. Indeed, while one’s cologne may seem desirable to the interviewee, it may remind the interviewer of an ex-husband or ex-wife. It is therefore crucial to ensure that subliminal negative attitudes do not creep in the interview and ruin the chances of bagging a job. Here, wearing no cologne, or perfume, at all (or conservatively wearing the same) is most desirable.

Finally, a woman’s purse is a great accessory for an ordinary day. However, in interviews, many rules apply when accessorizing a woman’s attire. While it may be useful to store resumes and other documents in the purse, it is crucial to wear sizeable bags with a neutral color.

Excessively big handbags and brightly colored purses are undesirable for interviews. Comprehensively, women should strive to ensure they make a positive impression in the interview room and refrain from letting the interviewers make a wrong impression of them (based on their dressing styles and accessories).

Professional Men’s clothing and Accessories for Interviews in America The rules for appropriate dressing in interviews are more lenient for men than women. Indeed, while women may have a difficult time choosing the right attire from a selection of clothing styles, men are usually appropriately dressed when they have a suit. In a professional business interview, men should wear a fitting suit.

The importance of a fitting suit cannot be overemphasized. For example, dress pants should be fitting (with the length of the dress pant ending an inch above the sole of the shoe). Similarly, the shoulders of a coat should not be boxy, or stretch beyond the real length of the wearer’s shoulder. Besides making a good impression, wearing a tailored suit gives the interviewee a competent and mature look.

Like women accessories, conservative dressing is an important part of male interview attire. For example, dressing in a conservative or subtle color is an important part of appropriate interview dressing. Similarly, it is important for such colors to complement the suit. In other words, the colors should look like they match the suit.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, it is not advisable to wear bright pink ties and similar formal wear for interviews. However, the addition of patterns to the formal wear may be justified when an interviewee wears a plain shirt. Nonetheless, it is important that this addition is tasteful. The color of the belt should also match the shoe color, but when an interviewee is in doubt, it is always safe to wear a black belt and a black pair of shoes.

Since having a tie is an important formal accessory for men, it is equally crucial to understand the best knot to have on the tie. Men may choose a variety of knots, depending on their body types. For example, men with relatively long necks may find a full Windsor knot to be the most appropriate wear. This is because the knot makes the neck look shorter because of its expansive width. Conversely, a narrower Windsor knot is appropriate for men who have short necks because the knot makes short necks look longer.

Concerning accessories, French cuff shirts and cufflinks are unnecessary in an interview setting. The reason advanced for their inappropriateness stems from the fact that they are “a little fancy” for a first time interview. However, it is right to wear a fancy watch and possibly a fancy looking pen.

Relatively, men should refrain from wearing jewelry to an interview. However, as noted above, exceptions exist for watches and (possibly) wedding bands. Male interviewees are also discouraged from wearing white socks to an interview. The most appropriate style is to wear socks that match the color of the pants. The socks should also be high enough to conceal the legs, even if the interviewee sits. It is not always appropriate to show the leg skin.

Finally, concerning facial hair, it is not mandatory for men to shave all their facial hair, but the existence of facial hair should demonstrate that the person maintains it well. The bottom-line of male dressing and clothing in America rests in demonstrating professionalism and neatness. This way, it will be easier for the interviewers to remember the interviewee (based on their talk and not their attire).

Casual or Relaxed Clothing and Accessories in the American Workplace Often, dress codes outline the written and unwritten rules regarding what employees should and should not wear at work. Dress codes are widely used to regulate employee clothing by defining what is acceptable in the workplace, and what is unacceptable.

The same provisions regulate workplace dressing by outlining what is appropriate and inappropriate for the workplace context. It is through such dress codes that clearer understandings of what to wear, in what days, and in which occasions suffice. For example, through the flexibility of dress codes in American organizations, in the nineties, the casual wear emerged.

Recently, many organizations in America have started to embrace casual clothing as acceptable business attire. The growth of dot.com companies in the Silicon Valley has especially led to the growth of this trend. However, casual or relaxed clothing does not mean wearing a pair of jeans and a T-shirt to work. Instead, it means probably excluding the tie and the jacket from the suit wear.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is a general understanding of casual wear in the workplace, but some companies have more varying rules of casual wear. For example, wearing Denim jeans in the workplace is not a nationally accepted casual wear in America, but some executives wear it anyway. Former Apple Inc. CEO, Steve jobs did so. Nonetheless, it is crucial to understand that casual dressing does not include showing cleavage and midriff, or wearing flip-flops and running shoes because America disallows such dressing as part of casual wear.

For women, casual dressing simply means that they can be a little more stylish than they would ordinarily be. Similarly, they can be a little less conservative in their dressing. However, their clothing selections may represent the personality of the employees because they allow them to inject their personal styles to their dressing styles. For men, wearing khakis and polo shirts may be widely accepted in America as smart casual wear. For women, wearing fitting attire, that show body curves, without exposing more skin, may act as casual wear.

Wearing a scarf, earrings, and a pair of sandals are some of the accessories that may amount to casual dressing. A chunky necklace or chandeliers may also be useful additions to casual wear, for women, but it is very important to ensure that they do not wear these accessories at the same time. Employees also have the room to play around with the belt by wearing thicker belts (for women). However, while adding more color to the belt, it is important not to over-accessorize.

Companies that allow casual dressings are present across the United States. However, as mentioned in this paper, most of such companies are technology companies. An example has already been mentioned of Apple Inc., where the former CEO, Steve jobs used to wear casual clothes even in official functions. The same situation replicates at Microsoft, Google, Zappos, Facebook, Twitter, Electronic Arts, and AOL.

A recent survey revealed that about nine out of ten human resource managers in America allowed casual dressing in at least one occasion in the workplace. Some managers said they approved casual dressing once a week, while others said they permitted casual dressing only on special occasions. Managers and organizations that allow casual dressings agree that it is a special way of improving employee morale. However, this provision is also indicative of managerial flexibility in such organizations.

Nonverbal communication: Professional Presence not including dress in America It is a known fact that effective communication is the best basis of a good relationship between two people. Even though verbal communication is effective in building this relationship, non-verbal communication is even more effective. The use of hand gestures, handshakes, facial expressions, and personal spaces are just a few examples of non-verbal communication that is useful in building these friendships. Different forms of non-verbal communications manifest especially in the workplace context.

In terms of facial expressions, people may portray different emotions without saying a word. While interacting with other people in the workplace, it is always important to smile. This is a way to show interest. It is also crucial to acknowledge that politeness and friendliness are key behaviors in American business interactions, and therefore, it is always important to exude the same feelings through positive facial expressions like smiling.

Hand gestures are equally important in business communications because they are a common means of expression for different speakers. In the professional context, it is always important to use hand gestures to help convey a point, as opposed to blocking it.

Using hand gestures like a “thumbs up” may demonstrate approval in the workplace (and a way to express motivation). Waving is also a way of acknowledging someone’s presence in the workplace. People should embrace such attributes as effective methods of improving communication in the workplace.

In the American culture, maintaining eye contact is an important ingredient of non-verbal communication. More so, its importance in the professional environment manifests because maintaining eye contact is a way for people to say that they are interested in what other people have to say.

In some respects, maintaining eye contact may mean that the communicator is the subject of interest, for the moment. Therefore, in circumstances where there is no eye contact at all, it is easy to lose interest in the conversation. Stated differently, the lack of eye contact in business communications may mean that a person is completely disinterested in what the other person has to say, and more specifically, it may mean that the other person is not listening at all.

Maintaining an open posture in the workplace also gives the same effect as maintain eye contact during a conversation. This effect manifests in expressing a degree of confidence and exuding interest in what people have to say.

This outcome contrasts with a situation where people maintain a closed posture by folding their arms, crossing their legs, or tilting at a slight angle away from the communicating partner. An open posture would however include sitting directly opposite a person, with open arms and legs. An open posture is therefore desirable for the workplace environment because it demonstrates interest, and the readiness to listen, as opposed to a closed posture, which may demonstrate disinterest, or discomfort in the conversation.

Lastly, it is important to mention that the American business culture appreciates firm handshakes. Therefore, while meeting a stranger, or a customer, it is important to have a firm handshake to show the other party that they are pleased to meet them. This makes people feel important and more appreciated. Comprehensively, non-verbal communication expresses unsaid attitudes, emotions, and feelings, which may often be louder than the actual words said.

References Business Insurance. (2011). 10 Big Businesses With Incredibly Casual Offices. Web.

CAL POLY. (2012). Professional Attire: Dressing for Interviews and the Workplace. Web.

Doyle, A. (2013). Interview Accessories: How to Choose Interview Accessories. Web.

Floyd, P. (2008). Careers in Health, Physical Education, and Sports. London: Cengage Learning.

Kopp, H. (2011). Career Diplomacy: Life and Work In the U.S. Foreign Service. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.

Lola, B. (2012). Casual Dress in the Business Workplace. Web.

Martin, J. (2013). How Women Can Dress in Workplace Business Casual. Web.

Recent Grad. (2012). Men’s Interview Attire. Web.

Segal, J. (2013). Nonverbal Communication. Web.

SYN. (2012). Non-verbal communication. Web.

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable Essay best essay help: best essay help

Introduction Wires play an important role in transmitting electrical energy and signals between different locations. There are different types of wires that vary from one another depending on their characteristics and other physical aspects. This paper seeks to discuss the differences between fibre optic cables and coaxial cables, elaborating on the advantages and disadvantages of each type.

Fiber Optic Cable A fiber optic cable consists of either a plastic or a glass core, which conveys light enclosed within a glass cladding. Light is guided through the fibre owing to the lower refractive index of the material as it also reflects the escaping light to the core (Higuera, 1998).

Advantages of fiber optic cables

Fibre optic cables have limited signal loss for every unit distance covered. In this regard, this type of cables can cover long distances and have limited effect on the quality of transmission. With high internet speeds being a factor for consideration in the contemporary world, fiber optic cable is more reliable because of its maintenance of the signal.

Fibre optic cables have very high capacity, which means they can convey high data rates at any given time. Because of the cable’s technology that uses light, the cable is also able to transmit at high speeds. This makes it more reliable and efficient over other cable types.

Fiber optic cables are also immune to external interference, which improves further on their reliability. Vibrations and other noises have little effect on the performance of the cable (Higuera, 1998).

Disadvantages

These cables are expensive compared to other types of cables. The materials used in the manufacture of fibre optic cables are costly and only made-to-measure. This is particularly typical of any new technologies (Higuera, 1998).

The general vulnerability of fibre optic cables to strain and temperatures affects the performance quality of this type of cables. This affects the output signals because of the inherent errors (Higuera, 1998).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Coaxial Cable Coaxial cables comprise of a core wire, as well as an interwoven foil material that covers the inner wire (Reynders, Mackay

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable

Advantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable

Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cables Verses Coaxial Cables

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Fiber optic cable and coaxial cable are both used in data transmission. Today, various information networks use either fiber optic cable or coaxial cable in order to transmit information between several telecommunication devices such as telephones, radios, television sets among others.

Both cables have advantages and disadvantages, which a user should consider before making a choice. For instance, a user should consider the distance of connection and the amount of data to transmit. Therefore, this paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of fiber optic cable verses coaxial cable.

Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable A fiber optic cable is made of an ultra-fine fiberglass core, which is protected by an outer covering (Shelly 493). The cables use light in order to transmit data via tinny fiberglass cores known as silica. On the other hand, coaxial cables transmit data through copper cores, “which are surrounded by a dielectric insulator, a woven copper shield, and a plastic sheath” (Shelly 493).

Therefore, the coaxial cables are properly shielded from any kind of interference by environmental conditions. Coaxial cables also depend on electricity as a medium of transferring data. Fiber optic and coaxial cables exist in various forms.

Advantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable Fiber optic cables have several advantages over coaxial cables. First, fiber optic cables carry large volumes of data over long distances without much loss of information. This is made possible due to the several silica cores that make up the fiber optic cables. However, coaxial cables have a limited capacity of data transmission and often suffer from signal leakage leading to weak signals.

Second, the fiber optic cables are smaller and lighter as compared to coaxial cables. Therefore, installations of fiber optic cables require lesser space and engineers also find it easier to handle the fiber optic cables.

Third, fiber optic cables enhance data security because it is difficult to tap information easily from the network system. Additionally, optical fibers are “immune to electromagnetic interference from radio signals, car ignition systems, and lightning” (Bagad and Dhotre 8). Last, fiber optic cables incur much less operating cost because they consume little electric power.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cables Verses Coaxial Cables Despite the advantages that fiber optic cables have over coaxial cables, they also have a number of disadvantages. For instance, optical fibers are more expensive as compared to coaxial cables that are cheaper (Bagad and Dhotre 7). Therefore, a number of people are not in a position to install them.

Similarly, installations of optical fibers require well-trained personnel because their installation is usually difficult as opposed to the installation of coaxial cables. Last but most important, fiber optic cables are more suitable in transmission of data over long distances hence coaxial cables are more suitable for data transmission over short distances.

Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be concluded that fiber optic cables are more efficient and effective in data transmission as compared to coaxial cables. Fiber optic cables help in the transmission of large volumes of data over long distances without interference from electromagnetic noise. On the other hand, coaxial cables are cheaper to install but only suitable for data transmission over short distances due to signal leakage, which leads to weak signals.

Works Cited Bagad, Vincent and Andrew Dhotre. Data Communication and Networking. New York: Technical Publications, 2009. Print.

Shelly, Gary B. Discovering Computers. New York: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.

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The effects of cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking on the society Report custom essay help: custom essay help

In many cases, virtual space ensures the anonymity of Internet users and in this environment cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking become very widespread. These behaviors include several activities that can harm an individual; for example, one can mention intimidation, humiliation, or posting materials that can harm the reputation or career of a person (King-Ries 2011). Furthermore, one should speak about the damage to equipment or data as well as theft (Stauffer et al. 2012).

On the whole, it is possible to argue that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking increase people’s sense of insecurity; moreover, these activities can turn deviant behavior into a norm. In particular, one should focus on such issues as the disrespect for a person’s autonomy, the growing intensity of domestic violence and deteriorating mental health in the country. These are some of the main aspects that can be identified.

It should be taken into consideration that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking affect a significant number of people. For example, according to the findings of researchers, approximately 25 percent of children in the United States have fallen victims of cyber-bullying (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 353). Very similar situation can be observed in other counties such as the United Kingdom or Canada. These data are important for showing that these activities have profound implications for the society. Furthermore, bullying and stalking on the Internet can influence the values and attitudes of children and adolescents whose identities have been fully developed.

Overall, the victims of cyber-bullying often suffer from depression and anxiety (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 354). Some of these people can even commit suicide (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 354). Thus, one can argue that cyber-bullying can adversely influence the mental health in the community. Apart from that, researchers note that many teenagers internalize unhealthy patterns of behavior such the disrespect for the emotional wellbeing of a person (King-Ries 2011, p. 155).

The main problem is that people, who are engaged in bullying or stocking on the Internet, do not attach much importance to the autonomy of others and their feelings (King-Ries 2011, p. 155). The key difference is that in the virtual environment, this behavior often goes unpunished, and a person can come to the conclusion that this activity is quite appropriate.

Furthermore, scholars note that the victims of cyber-stalking and cyber-stalking can vent his/her anger or frustration on relatives. This is one of the reasons why scholars speak about the increasing rise of domestic violence in American families (King-Ries, 2011, p. 154). This is one of the main impacts that can be identified.

Furthermore, cyber-stalking and cyber-stalking can change certain values in the society, especially the respect for an individual privacy. It should be noted that people, who are engaged in these activities, completely overlook the idea that there are certain emotional boundaries that should not be crossed. Provided that the proportion of these people in the society will increase, the importance of privacy in the community can decline.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These examples indicate that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking can produce adverse effects on individuals and the society. One should pay close attention to the growing number of conflict within families because the victims of cyber-stalking to have many emotional and behavioral problems such as domestic violence. Furthermore, one should not forget about the change of many values such as the respect for the privacy of a person. Finally, one should not forget about such a consequence as the deterioration of mental health in the society.

References King-Ries, A 2011, ‘Teens, Technology, and Cyberstalking: The Domestic Violence Wave of the Future?’ Texas Journal of Women and the Law, vol. 20 no. 2, pp. 131-164.

Stauffer, S, Heath, M, Coyne, S,

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Definition Paragraph about a Friend Definition Essay best essay help: best essay help

There is no definite definition of a friend but each person has his or her own perspective of who a friend is. This paper will try and come up with a consolidated definition of a friend and at the same time highlight some of the things that a friend is expected to do. A friend is a person who loves you unconditionally and can be there for you in good and bad times. A friend should make you become better by believing in your abilities and at the same time help you to deal with your weaknesses.

A friend is a clear reflection of yourself and will not hesitate to tell you the truth. A good friend should be honest and loyal to you. A friend can only prove that he or she cares for you by sharing some time with you. A person who loves you for who you are without any prejudice is a true friend. It is important to note that a person who can not be trusted and is always judging you can not be referred to as a friend.

There is need for a friend to encourage you when you feel discouraged. There is no way a person can claim to be your friend if he or she does not respect you. Friends should be with you out of choice and not because they have been forced to do so. Many people can claim to be your friends but a large number of them will always disappear when things are not good.

A true friend is the one who sticks by you when things are not good. A friend is that person whom you enjoy their company at all times. A friend makes you smile and is always willing to listen when you have something to share. Genuine solidarity in times of trouble is a good indicator of who a true friend is. It is important to highlight some of the qualities of a true friend in detail for us to have an in-depth understanding of the actual meaning of a friend.

It is important to have a friend who is always willing to listen to you. A friend should understand things from your point of view without judgment. A friend should feel some empathy when listening to you even if he or she does not have the solution to your problems. A friend can not be helpful to you if he or she does not care about what you need.

This is very important during tough times when a person may not have the courage to ask for help. A true friend will always be there for you by helping you get what you need. Hugs and smiles are some of the physical signs of a true friend that cares for you.

Friends will try their best to maintain contact with you even if they are away. A friend will always try to keep in touch through calling, texting and social media when he or she is not nearby. Every human being desires other people to say good things about them and a friend should be able to do that without making a big deal out of it. It is important for a friend to get all the facts right before coming in to support you. It is only a true friend who will come out to save you from a dangerous situation without caring about their safety.

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Care of the stroke patients Case Study essay help site:edu

Many health experts have discovered that stroke is the main reason of deaths in the world, which may also cause disability in case a person survives. Due to the brain damage accompanied by the stroke, the victim needs long-term personal care to increase his/her chances to live a long life (Evashwick, 2005).

Although stroke victims rarely recover, there are some cases when it takes at least two years to get over it. Stroke completely disables a victim as the one is unable to do a thing, and therefore, the patient is useless for a long period or the entire lifetime. During this period, the person will need intensive personal care and attention. Therefore, the only people able to help the stroke victim are the family members or the guardians.

The most important step in handling a stroke survivor is to prepare him or her psychologically for any eventual outcome of the disability. Medical experts associate stroke with frequent back pains. It is important for the patient to understand all the possible outcomes of the stroke (Bogousslavsky, 2002).

The family members should closely monitor the patient since isolating a patient on the basis of his/her disability worsens the state of health and does not contribute to the improving. Stroke patient is likely to recover faster when he or she feels appreciated in the society than becomes alienated from the world.

To improve the standards of care of the patient, the family should consider buying some important equipment for use by the patient so that he or she can at least perform some tasks on his/her own. Such equipments include the wheelchair, handheld urinal and bedside commode.

The wheelchairs are very essential as they give a person an opportunity to move anywhere within their ability. The handheld urinal and the bedside commode are very important for individual wellbeing as they help an individual to answer the call of nature when no one is within to help. Though these equipments are very expensive, they are very resourceful in the long run in assisting the stroke patient within the family (Bogousslavsky, 2002).

Long-term care will aid the stroke patients because they are no longer able to do any task on their own. There are several services that the stroke patient will need in the long run. These are nursing, medical, community, social and custodial services. Moreover, these services can also be provided at nursing homes or personal homes. Family members must note that stroke patients who are not well attended to are prone to deteriorating health eventually shortening their life span.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also important to note that a person providing a personal care to stroke patients should know that the stroke survivors cannot express themselves freely regarding their urgent needs. For example, bathing, grooming and dressing require a close family member to assist a patient in most occasions (Evashwick, 2005). Moreover, helping the patient use the toilet and eat are the most essential activities that promote the stroke victims’ health standards and wellbeing.

In some cases, it is possible for a family to hire a specialized caregiver to attend to the patient when the family is not able to attend to a person. Stroke survivors need a specialized attention all the time which will also call for more resources to be used.

The family may ask for a help from a professional nurse or take the patient to a nursing home for more specialized care. Moreover, specialized medication is also needed to help the patient to get over, which calls for taking concerted actions to ensure the stroke victim receives the best health care (Evashwick, 2005).

References Bogousslavsky, J. (2002). Long-term effects of stroke. New York: M. Dekker.

Evashwick, C. (2005). The continuum of long-term care. New York: Thomson/Delmar Learning.

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Perceptions of self Definition Essay online essay help: online essay help

People manifest their attitudes through their behavior when going through different experiences. When a person feels weak or confused, the people who observe him or her know that there is a problem. The feelings of people change when they are not comfortable with what they are doing, which manifest in the behavior. Individuals tend to believe what they are told is possible if their attitude is positive. When people are asked by others to do something, which is difficult, they first consider how others could benefit from the same.

Self-perception is a trait that develops in a person towards something through daily observation and interaction with others. People develop attitudes but do not relate them with their different moods when going through certain experiences. When one is able to interpret his or her behavior in a rational manner, it becomes possible to understand other people.

A perception of self is a common trait for all people where one can think that he or she is handsome, bright or difficult. There are situations where perceptions of self in a person have developed in a manner that does not match with how other people perceive the individual. For example, you might see yourself as being very organized while others take you to be bossy. Therefore, it is paramount for us to be informed about the way other people perceive us if their perceptions about us are negative.

This helps to improve and ensure that our behavior is acceptable and other people can benefit from our actions. There are situations where our perception on other people changes when we know more about them. The information on how other people perceive us is important so that we can compare it with self-perception. For example, when other people believe that we can be leaders and tell us, we tend to understand why they always consult us in case of any question.

Perceptions of self refer to personality in human beings about their physical size as well as intelligence. For example, people may be perceived as bragging if they talk too much about their children. The significant thing is to know how other people perceive us in order to relate it with self-perception. However, perception of people on others does not always reflect the reality about the character.

For example, some people are less self-defensive but other people may accuse them that they are too defensive. The problem is that an individual may clarify about a certain issue but other people perceive him or her to be defensive. That is why conflicts arise because we think that we have done what others wanted but later realize that we are annoying them. This does not require us to change but we should know about the problem in order to solve it if it recurs.

The hidden feelings of people are different and we are not able to know about them. When a person does something that annoys others he or she may not know how they feel about it. This requires everyone to be conscious when relating with other people. Many people use nonverbal cues when they do not like others such as walking out in a gathering.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A businessperson may also conceal his or her negative feelings towards certain customers because he or she is aware that doing that would put off the customers. Perceptions of self are validated by asking the people we trust about their perceptions on us so that we obtain reliable information, which help us to know why people behave in certain ways.

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The Perception of the Self according to Socrates Essay a level english language essay help

The perception of the self, according to Socrates explains the nature of man and the rationale on which man thinks. Socrates believed that, man is a product of his thoughts. Socrates questioned the way we attach importance to what people say without understanding the principle of individual thinking.

The capacity of a man is a product of the self in him; this formed the basis of Socrates argument. He emphasized that; man must believe in his or her principles and should not follow the wagon effect of the society. We find ourselves in situations that will require our careful examination, but we often accept what people say on the issue. Socrates proposed that logical thoughts would be more productive than accepting a patterned way of doing things.

The product of logical thinking is a patterned thought which is not influenced by the majority. To further his arguments, Socrates proposed a method of logical thinking. He believed that this would help each person evaluate his or her actions and thoughts based on the strength of logical thinking (Noe 4).

Critically examine people’s comment and assumption: The common belief should be subjected to examination. The belief that it pays to work hard or that marriage makes a man responsible.

Put forward a reversal to these statements: It is true that the society follows fashioned assumptions. One should be able to find a reversal to these assumptions. Provide a proof that man can be responsible without being married, and show that hard work do not always pay in the end. These reversals to a patterned way of life will help an individual build his or her confidence.

There are no credible statements than yours: When you are able to fine the reversals to the statements, you will conclude that many statements and assumptions are misleading. This will help you build your confidence in logical thinking.

Formulate your statements from observations: The examination of logical thinking will provide the basis of new statements. Marriage can make a responsible man live happily and wrong work is different from hard work.

Develop yourself: Make it a habit to always examine the statements of people and find the reversal to those statements.

The strength of a man is weighed by his actions and statements; this is the defining principle on which we must stand. Socrates argued that philosophy can be analyzed not only by the elites, but by the common man. The ability to make a statement devoid of what people think or say is a product of self.

Socrates emphasized that the human soul is immortal and is a product of different perceptions. Socrates believed that the human soul exists in two forms; the transformation realm and the constant position. The evil in the human mind is a product of the benefits he or she imagined. An individual will act based on his or her perceived thoughts which is based on what good he or she will derive from the action (Noe 3).

In conclusion, we are what we think of ourselves and we must act accordingly. Socrates provided examples to show that philosophical thinking can be done even by the common man. Logical thinking is the ability to examine each statement independently not minding the opinion of the majority.

Works Cited Noe, Alva 2009, Direct Perception. PDF file. Web.

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Robert Wetzel classical guitar Report custom essay help

Robert Wetzel, a classical guitar player, has given several concerts, playing classical music by great composers. At one of his concerts, in Encinitas, California, he plays a classical composition by Isaac Albeniz (Robert Wetzel – Isaac Albeniz – Cordoba).

The way Robert Wetzel plays is very concentrated and unique. The sounds that the guitar produces are very melodic and much representative of the classical style. In the beginning of the composition, the melody and rhythms are slow but at the same time are not repeated.

There is great variety in the melody, so the listener does not know what to expect. This is an important attribute of a good composition, as it is very exciting, though calm and surprising. Then, the rhythm speeds up but the sound is still very much flowing and melodic.

While playing, Robert Wetzel seemed to be more focused on his finger placement than feeling of the music and playing from his heart. It is understandable that there are some complex transitions but all his attention is towards the guitar, instead of the audience, heart and music.

Another performance of Robert Wetzel was at Performing Arts Theatre at Cuyamaca College, El Cajon, California (Robert Wetzel – Luis Milan – “Pavanas V

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History of the British Colonies Report (Assessment) cheap essay help: cheap essay help

New England and the Mid Atlantic regions had a different economic and government structures compared to other regions. Most of the colonies especially the ones located in the north were very rich in resources. They had an economic structure where they sold raw materials to their colonial master back in England.

Each state made its own contribution to the mercantilist system. But for the mid Atlantic regions their economies depended on crops. They grew wheat, flax, rye among other crops. They had a perfect climate for agriculture especially cultivation of grains. The colonies in the Mid Atlantic regions were commonly referred to as ‘the bread basket colonies’ because of their dependence and potential to produce grain.

On the contrary, the economies in New England regions experienced a different climate which could not support the cultivation of crops. The climate there was extremely cold and the soil unsuitable for crop farming. They experienced prolonged winter seasons. As a result, their economy was based on trade of fish, timber, and fur.

Another remarkable thing about the two regions was their tolerance to religion. One of the main reasons why people had to leave to the home countries to come to America was to search for freedom of religion (Gaustad and Schmidt 78). Puritans dominated the colonies in New England. They advocated for their style of worship. However, in the Mid Atlantic region there was diversity in religion. The region had Protestants, Catholics, and Quakers. It therefore became difficult for one religion to dominate in the region.

Figure 1: Image showing farming of Tobacco in Jamestown

The colonies in the Chesapeake region included Jamestown, Virginia, and Maryland. They were the colonies in the upper south while the Carolinas and Georgia were the colonies in the lower south. The economies of the colonies in the upper south depended on agriculture, docking ship, and fisheries.

The Chesapeake Bay had an ideal climate and soil for agriculture. Additionally, the bay had a port and shipping lane which was highly valuable for transportation of goods. Jamestown was the first successful colony within the upper south region. Its success was due to dependence on tobacco.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Virginia also flourished because it depended on tobacco as a cash crop. Their economies grew because of tobacco exports (Davidson 54). When rich white settlers came in, they bought huge tracks of land and began farming tobacco on the land. They used the services of African slaves to cultivate the crops. Enslaved Africans only became valuable to the rich land owners during the second part of the 17th century when they replaced Native Indians and white servants.

On the contrary, the colonies in the lower south depended on rice as cash crop. They exported the cash crop while importing other food to supplement the rice. They also used slaves to cultivate the rice. Due to rice being grown in swampy areas, the region became a breeding ground for mosquitoes.

As a result, mosquitoes became a huge problem for the dwellers because they transmitted deadly diseases. With regards to law and gender, adultery was a common cultural practice within the lower southern colonies. Most men could have a wife and a few mistresses by the side. The law also supported the idea of men having mistresses.

From the analysis above, the region that showed most potential was the Mid Atlantic region. This is because other regions depended on its products. It had an ideal climate and soil for growing grains.

Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.

Gaustad, Edwin Scott and Leigh Eric Schmidt. The religious history of America. San Fransisco: Harper, 2002. Print

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Africans in America Report (Assessment) best college essay help

Africans in America is a history that is traced back to the 16th century. Many of the African American people in America are descendants of the people from Central and West Africa who had been enslaved by white farmers in America. The black people were forcibly taken as slaves and put to work in the farms and homes of the white people.

They were treated as inferior human beings. However many revolutions that occurred years later would liberate the black people from slavery. The first people who advocated for slavery were the Spanish who took black people from their colonies to work on their farms. The white men from Britain would follow suit and publicize the free labor they had found. This led to a growth in slave trade (Davidson Stevens 34).

With an increase in the demand for slaves many began being shipped to North America. This occurred between the 1600s and 1700 when there was a great demand. The slaves provided labor in the farms, mines and houses. Many people supported slavery while a few were against it.

The slaves were denied all the rights of a human being and would be treated as property. In the 1600s there was formation of companies that traded slaves (Davidson Stevens 34). The companies formed captured slaves in Africa. These slaves were bought by the settlers. There was an increase in the demand for free labor among the settlers in North America which led to an increase in the demand for slaves. The slaves were also forced to remain in slavery by the laws that had been created in America.

Slavery was most common in Virginia and the colonies in the south. This is attributed to the fact that Virginia was the first place to receive slaves. The first black slaves were brought to Virginia and the south thus making these places a stronghold for getting slaves. Another factor that contributed to slavery in the south is the way the laws were created such that slaves would become free.

This would only occur if a slave completed their contract or if they converted to Christianity. These favorable laws would attract more slaves to the south. The second major factor for growth of slavery in the south is the increase in the plantations in the south. This increase in plantations and mines required more labor thus an increase in the number of slaves demanded (John Franklin

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The Itis Movie, the Tenth Episode of The Buddocks Essay (Movie Review) college essay help: college essay help

The tenth episode of The Buddocks, the Itis, reflects on the contemporary American themes, such as race, class, ethnicity, and gender, in an artistic manner presented throughout the TV series. In terms of the race challenge facing America in a modern day setting, the producer shows a picture of a divided society.

Despite impressive steps by various classes of the American society to curb racism, the show demonstrates a high-level hypocrisy that cripples such efforts. Ordinary American lifestyle captured as the punch line in the film illustrates the authenticity of the American dream of equality of races, as practiced by a majority of Americans.

The rap culture is predominantly African American, and the depiction of a gangster lifestyle equally shows the prominent perception that one race embraces barbaric culture. The scenes which contain violence, such as terrorism and use of disrespectful racial terminologies, affect the American population in the entire film (Bell, Kim and McGryder, 2006)

Class dominion is the main theme of the show with frequent infusions of white imperialism casting an apparent class divide. The main character’s interaction with the class issue illustrates the lifestyle divide evident between various strata of the American society. Huey and Riley belong to a lower class, and their lifestyles clearly and accurately demonstrate class discord in the society.

In the entire show, the illustration of the lifestyle in ghetto setting illuminates the actual standards of the lowest class as well as the challenges faced by those people. However, the film presents a section of a low class population grappling with the property-ownership related evictions. Corporate structure in the country demonstrates a powerful class of individuals that would stop at nothing until they achieved their profit intentions.

Ethnicity, as a dominant theme in the show, highlights the prejudice and discrimination elements, which ethnic relations present to the contemporary Americans. Internal wrangles between ethnic divides in the film illustrate the possibility of an elevated tension that emerges on various platforms. Unique cultural traits arise from various ethnic categories presented in the episode, including soul food obsession that Huey blames for the demise of his grandmother.

The role of Granddad as a community man with friends and family around him depicts the conditions that precipitate ethnicised tendencies. Granddad’s recipes used in the soul food tradition highlight the possible ethnic trademark, which other people like Huey easily use to mock in order to show emerging tension.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gender theme portrayal in the film captures a negative image of women in the society. Depiction of women in the ordinary American setting does not bring out the discord that the film highlights.

In painting a negative image of gender biases in the American society, the film illustrates the females as opportunistic party animals. Ordinary American women would assign blame to a gender insensitive society for having presented them as partying species. Granddad’s business flocks with beautiful women shown as flirts who take the opportunity to reap from party-loving men.

Negative eating habits emerge among the women in the film as the woman that attacks Granddad appears to be suffering from a nutrition condition. The woman fights against Granddad on grounds of causing her to put on weight; such a scene illustrates the challenges that feeding habits present to women. However, the women fighting for being equal reveal a gender struggle that still goes on in different ways in America today.

Reference Barnes, R., McGryder, A. (Writers)

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Britain vs. America- How colonists won Report (Assessment) essay help free: essay help free

The war that led to the independence of the US was fought between 1775 and 1783. It is commonly referred to as the American Revolution. Thirteen American colonies came together to fight Britain to become an independent nation, USA. The war was long because Britain was the greatest nation in the world at that time. One year into the war, the thirteen colonies declared independence and separated from the colonialists and forged an alliance with France whose main role was to bring a military balance between the two fighting sides.

The complexity of the war was based on the fact that Americans were divided into three. Those who remained loyal to the King of Britain were loyalists, those who wanted independence were called patriots, and the others remained neutral. These divisions made it difficult for all the colonies to stand united against Britain.

The major cause of the revolution was Republicanism. Americans had established liberty that was enjoyed all citizens and Britain was opposed to it (Davidson 112). This was a supplement to the issue of Americans demanding to be enjoined through parliament in setting the taxes. The matter was regarded as an issue of representation and therefore people demanded to be consulted. The success of the thirteen colonies could b attributed to several factors.

The British failed to suppress Massachusetts. Britain valued the thirteen colonies because they were the richest and most developed in the whole Empire. The generals of Britain tactically failed to subdue Boston because of the strategy employed by the citizens. They formed a provisional government, trained militia groups, and set informers within the British Empire. They established the minute men system that was used in raising alarms. This structure was well coordinated and as such Britain could not infiltrate.

In Britain decided to engage in a combat with Boston in 1975 after all her political maneuvers had failed. This turned out to be disastrous as the minute men were very effeicient. Major John Pitcaim the man who led the mission failed miserably (Langguth 88). The Americans tasted victory when they launched a seemingly impossible mission during the Battle of Bunker Hill in Boston in 1777.

The structural organization of the Americans worked to their advantage. The war was coordinated by the Continental Congress that was headed by George Washington, a wealthy tobacco planter with military experience. As the commander in chief, he lost many battles against the well oiled British Army but won the most important one that was fought at the end.

The structure allowed unity to prevail through the ranks in the forces. Errors made by British Army allowed chances for the Continental Army to exploit. The Britons failed to develop a counter- revolutionary policy. They held assumptions that it was not a revolution and the rebels would finally be subdued. A policy that could have worked was brought in 1776. This was however very late and little could be done to salvage Britain whose boat had already sunk.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decisive victory came in 1777 at Saratoga. The battalion that accompanied Burgoyne was unnecessarily large because it slowed the pace. This allowed the Americans to prepare before his arrival. His army men were running short of food at an alarming rate. Though inexperienced, Americans fought in a disciplined way, were sober, courageous, and quite regular in following commands.

It was not until October that the British commander formally surrendered. His men were disarmed, taken to Boston, and then others were sent home never to return to America. However, some redcoats were held hostage to be used in the combats in areas that still experienced war. France supplied money, ammunitions, and forged an alliance against Britain in support of the rebellious colonies.

Works Cited Davidson, James. U.S. A Narrative History. New York: McGraw Hill, 2012. Print.

Langguth, Andrew. The Men Who Started the American Revolution. New York: Simon

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The Rebellion of American Colonies in the 18th Century Report (Assessment) essay help online

In the 18th century, North America had already been divided into 12 colonies. They stretched from New Hampshire in the west all the way down to South Carolina in the east. Before the struggle to independence, American colonies remained under the control of the England. King George III was the over ruler of the colonies as well as of England. But in 1776, the colonies came together and fought for their independence after rebelling against the British government (Davidson 90).

The rebellion was triggered by a number of reasons. The wanted to make their own laws, but the British government could not allow them. They realized that they could only make laws if they had a form of government which recognized their needs. Another reason for the political consciousness that led to the struggle for independence is that the colonies wanted to expand their markets to other counties.

They wanted to engage in trade partnership with other countries. However, the colonial government could not allow this to happen. In addition, the colonies were required to pay taxes to the colonial government. The taxes remitted were extremely high and this angered some of the colonies.

The rebellion began during the last decade to independence. Protest against the British government took center stage. A key event that took place took place during this time of the rebellion was the seven year war. The war involved several powerful regions of the world at that moment including Europe, North America India, and West Africa. The war was triggered by disputes of interests between the colonists and colonialists. Britain was able to emerge victorious in the war.

Another key event during this period of political consciousness was the stamp act of 1765. The British parliament back in England came up with a law requiring British colonies to produce printed materials that only have revenue stamps from London. The stamp was supposed to be embossed on newspapers, magazines, and legal documents.

The revenue collected on the printed documents was meant to pay the British troops that helped their country to win the seven day war. This law was met with resistance in most of the colonies. They argued that since they were not represented at the parliament when the law was being passed there was no need to support it. British manufacturers and merchants were also affected by this law and contributed to its resistance.

The third key event during this period of political rebellion was the tea party. In 1773, the British government made a law that required all the colonies to pay taxes on tea. The new law also required every colony to send all the taxes to England further aggravating the protest against the colonial government.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The colonists fought against this law and in 1773, the famous Boston tea party happened (Davidson). This was not a real party but a protest against the law to pay taxes on tea. The colonist invaded a British ship carrying tea and threw everything in the water. This event is one of the most common protests against the British government in the history of America.

The image below shows how Americans protesting the tea taxation invaded the ships and threw containers with tea into the water.

After the famous protest, rebellion against the colonial government became more pronounced. Meetings were held by representatives from every colony to discuss their problems and issues. The meetings prepared a revolution (Ferling 45).

Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.

Ferling, John. A Leap in the Dark: The Struggle to Create the American Republic. New York: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.

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Impact of World Financial Crisis on the UAE Economy Case Study cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP

Impact on the Employment Sector

Impact on the Banking Sector

Impact on the Real Estate Sector

Impact in the Tourism Sector

Conclusion

Appendix

References

Introduction The economy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the second largest in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It is also one of the rapidly growing economies in the world. In the last four decades, the economy has transformed from a poor country that depended on fishing, agriculture, and herding to a modern economy that boast of high per capita income and trade surplus (Nyarko, 2011, pp. 3-78).

The main industries that contribute to economic growth in UAE include tourism, oil, services, construction, and manufacturing. UAE’s economy is highly integrated with the world economy, thereby making it susceptible to exogenous shocks. This paper examines the impact of the recent global financial crisis on UAE’s employment, banking, real estate, and tourism sector.

UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP Prior to the global financial crisis, which began in 2007, the UAE enjoyed rapid growth in its gross domestic product (GDP). Figure 1 (in the appendix) shows the country’s GDP growth rate from 2005 to 2012. From 2003 to 2006, the country’s GDP grew at an average rate of 7% (Zaki

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Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation Report scholarship essay help

Introduction Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation is a government agency that has been charged with the responsibility of providing safe, clean, and reliable energy supply to the United Arab Emirates from nuclear sources. Energy is vital to the development of the United Arab Emirates social and economic agendas.

The current power sources may not be sustainable in the long run due to the great energy demand. Energy demand in the United Arab Emirates is increasing at annual rate of approximately 9 percent, a figure that triples the global energy demand average of 3%. The estimated time span of ENEC is to provide power to the nation by the year 2017. Completion is expected to be achieved in the year 2020.

Objectives

Due to the aforementioned reasons, this project will:

Examine the corporate governance strategies relevant for the privatization of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission.

To establish the difference privatization will bring to the company in terms of resources and manpower

To establish the feasibility of this undertaking in comparison to other companies that manage nuclear transmission such as Exelon in the United States.

Rationale

To be able to set up the infrastructure, ENEC requires substantial amount of resources. Such projects also require excellent management skills to be undertaken successfully. The government may not provide the required resources adequately. This therefore calls for the involvement of the private sector. To avoid conflicts between the two sides, it is sensible to privatize the company i.e. reduce government influence significantly.

An example of a private company that has achieved success in providing nuclear energy is Exelon Company in the United States of America. The company deals with generation, transmission and delivery. The company supplies energy in 47 states and it further extends to Canada and Columbia. Its success lies in being the largest power generator with 34, 700 megawatts of power.

It also supplies electricity to over 6.6 million clients in the United States. The company recorded operating revenues of approximately $ 23.5 billion in the year ended 2012. The success of this company is also another factor that has prompted the study of the possibility of transforming Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission from a state owned firm to a private firm.

Procedures

Information for this project will be gathered using qualitative means. Qualitative means in this case will focus on published material. To establish the objectives, data will be gathered from various online sources notably, the websites of the two companies. Information will also be gathered from various texts. The gathered data will then be processed i.e. coded appropriately.

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This project aims to examine the corporate governance strategies that can be employed by the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission to achieve sustainable growth. This includes the proposed change of ownership and control i.e. from being privatization. This will be through examining corporate governance strategies that may work for the company. The project will examine various matters that form corporate governance, strategic management and planning. A conclusion will then be made based on the study of the above aspects.

Corporate Governance Corporate Values

Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission being a corporation, it should adhere to the principles of corporate governance. These principles deal with corporate matters such as code of conduct, professional ethics and general personal behavior. The key values of corporate that should be considered by the management and staffs of corporations include integrity, dependability, performance status, accountability, reputation and the dedication of the company towards attaining set goals and commitment. The company employees for the good of the organization should uphold these values. It is evident that a government due to various factors such as political influence and limited resources cannot achieve the above values comfortably.

The Principles

Principles of governance are spread over a range of company issues. In the case of ENEC, the company is to be privatized therefore the management should focus on the principles regarding treatment of shareholders.

The relevant principles require the company to set up a platform for the development of an efficient corporate governance framework, recognize the rights of shareholders and distribute shareholders roles, treat shareholders equally, appreciate the roles of stakeholders in corporate governance, and provide relevant information with due diligence.

Setting up of a Corporate Governance Structure

Being a corporation, the management of ENEC should have in place an effective corporate governance structure. This means that the code of conduct, charter and other articles should reflect excellence in corporate governance. Training and development mechanisms should also be designed in a manner that allows for organizational growth and success.

The rights of shareholders and key ownership functions

Currently, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission is fully owned by the government of the United Arab Emirates. This means that all key ownership functions are conducted by the state. After privatization, the management will have to consider the rights of the incoming shareholders. For the company to be run effectively, all necessary information that should be made available to the shareholders should be availed at appropriate times such as at the annual general meeting.

Equitable treatment of shareholders

This principle aims at protecting minority shareholders. All shareholders should be treated equally by the organization. This is key and mandatory therefore the management of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission should consider it. Equitable treatment of shareholders helps to create investors confidence that may come in handy when the company will be seeking more funds for expansion and other related projects.

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After privatization, there are likely to be more than one shareholder in the company. It is vital that the numerous shareholders be involved in the decision making process of the company. This is in an implied and stated law of the agreements therefore the board and management should uphold it.

Disclosure and Transparency

For privatization to be effected, the current management of the organization should take considerable care and reveal all the information necessary for the transaction to be effected. The private company afterwards is also required to do the same to the shareholders. The shareholders should have free access to relevant authentic information regarding the operations of the company. For instance, Exelon Company in the United States has been able to achieve success due to its transparency in disclosing information to its shareholders.

The Responsibilities of the Board

The organization should have an established corporate governance structure that will identify the roles and responsibilities of the board, management and other stakeholders. Among the things that should be outlined is the power of the management to avoid contradictions that may arise. It is vital to consider the powers of the stakeholders before the company makes any major decision.

Ethics and Behavior

An effective risk management programme requires an ethical and dependable decision making platform. All employees and stakeholders should adhere to the code of conduct strictly after implementation. This should be considered to ensure that the organization do not deviate from its moral and official limitations and obligations.

Strategic Management Responsibility Strategic management revolves around three aspects that are the corporation, board of directors and corporate governance.

The corporation: The Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission like other corporations, it has an established mechanism that allow raising of capital and improving manpower through various means such as through the proposed privatization. Capital is provided by shareholders who will invest in the company individually or as groups. The work force includes the staff and management who provide labor and expertise for the company. The aim of corporate governance will be to protect the weak especially minority shareholders.

Corporate governance functions will require three parties: shareholders who will be the owners of the company, directors who will ensure that the company assets are not misappropriated, and managers who will use the company assets to carry out company functions.

Furthermore, as required by corporate governance regulations, the company will uphold excellent board ethics, provide a controlled environment for company affairs to be carried out, always disclose relevant information in a transparent manner, ensure the shareholders rights are respected, and it will ensure that the board is commitment to achieve success.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, the company will ensure adherence to acceptable board practices such as establishing guidelines that will define the roles and authority of the management, ensure that each member of the board and management understands his/her roles to avoid conflicts and ensure that the composition of the board is sound and there is a mixture of skills.

Change of Ownership: Change of ownership and control of organizations creates confusion and agency problems if not handled well. This occurs especially when the new owners start to embark on new ventures that were initially not being pursued by the company.

Board of Directors

The board will be selected by the shareholders to represent the shareholders interests. In the strategic management process, the board has various functions such as

to monitor the development of the company and the influencing factors both within the company and outside the company, to act as advisors to the management on matters that may have been overlooked, and to evaluate the management’s proposals, decisions and actions and take the relevant decision i.e. agree or disagree. The board will also offers strategic advice to the company on matters that affect the company’s mission and vision.

The organization’s articles and bylaws will determine the composition of the board. There will be emphasis on separation of functions to enhance performance within the organization. Members of the board will include directors employed by the company and directors who may be employees of other entities, or people with interests in the company.

As a modern entity, the formed company will also embrace the modern trends in the composition of board of directors such as the inclusion of institutional investors in the board of directors. There will also be provision for ownership of stock by the executives and directors of a company. Furthermore, the board will be more inclined towards balancing the economic goals of the company and the social needs. For instance, Exelon takes part in many corporate social responsibility activities to the communities that receive their services.

Top Management The Chief Executive Officer will head the top management. The Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer and executive vice presidents will assist the Chief Executive Officer where applicable.

The top management will handle the strategic role of the company, as this will form its primary role. The role of the management will include making day-to-day decisions within the company and overseeing the daily activities. They will also offer strategic leadership i.e. think strategically and influence the other workers in creating a sensible future for the organization.

The functions relevant for the strategic management of the company will include designing strategic options for the company, act as role models for the other people in the organization to follow, and to enhance the performance of the organization by coordinating and integrating the functions of the various departments in the organization. The top management will also be directly involved in the handling of stakeholders.

Handling of stakeholders will be done based on the various principles that govern the management-stakeholder relationship. These are the management should respond to the concerns of shareholders i.e. their voice should also be heard during decision-making, the management should also implement policies that cover the concerns of stakeholders. The stakeholders should therefore find the practices easy to work with incase they want to air their grievances or contributions.

Moreover, the management will adopt mechanisms that will address the concerns of the shareholders irrespective of where they are located, appreciate the relationship between the efforts and rewards of the stakeholders i.e. there should be fair distribution of burdens, rewards and risks among the stakeholders.

The managers will also ensure good working relations with other entities with an aim of minimizing risks. Risk management in this case tries to reduce the effects of risks in case they occur. There will be avoidance of activities that may jeopardize the company’s relationship with the stakeholders. Managers will also appreciate potential conflicts that may arise between (a) amongst themselves as corporate stakeholders, and (b) between the managers and stakeholders in view of legal and moral obligations that exist between them.

Strategic Planning A strategy is a future: oriented plan practiced at a large scale. The strategies will help in the achievement of company goals through interaction with the environment within and outside the organization and in setting the platform for managerial decisions to be made and implemented. Moreover, the strategies will help on testing the readiness of the company in dealing with competition.

Strategic management will help in setting decisions and actions that will help in the achievement of the company’s objectives. Strategic management will also be vital in areas such as formulating the company’s mission, conducting SWOT analysis, assessing the environmental factors, evaluating the preparedness of the company with regard to other external factors and in decision making with regard to achieving the company’s mission.

Conclusion The above strategic measures are necessary for ENEC to achieve success like Exelon. However, to achieve the above substantial resources will be consumed by the company in terms of work force and funds. There is great demand for energy in the United Arab Emirates that if well harnessed, could be a potential source of profits for the company.

The most suitable step will be for the company to privatize their operations due to the perceived benefits it may gain. Furthermore, as indicated earlier government commissions are affected by politics thereby affecting their operations.

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