The Representation Of Women In The Paintings Of The High Renaissance And The Recurring Tendencies Of The XXI Century Research Paper College Essay Help

Introduction: Women in Media. History and Evolution Up until the XX century, women could not play significant roles in the world history for understandable reasons. Due to the chauvinist ideas that used to be widely accepted in the society, women were forced to remain in the shadow. However, women were still portrayed in the media; the manner of depicting women in media and art varied over centuries. Despite the fact that it has been quite long since the renaissance Era, it can be assumed that the renaissance traditions are still alive in the modern art in terms of female image.

The Portrayal of Women in the High Renaissance Da Vinci and His Vision of Female Beauty

One of the most renowned representatives of the High Renaissance art, a Vinci was famous for breaking new grounds in the Renaissance culture.

Mona Lisa and the breach of traditions

When talking about da Vinci, it is practically impossible not to give proper credit to his most famous painting, Mona Lisa. On the one hand, da Vinci’s artwork followed the traditions of the High Renaissance. Following the High Renaissance traditions, da Vinci portrays Mona Lisa in a very realistic manner. Thus, the veil was finally taken off the audience’s eyes, and the latter could finally enjoy the beauty of a woman.

Leonardo’s contemporaries were creating portraits of women that emphasized their social status by the elegant costumes and jewelry they wore. Leonardo, on the other hand, removed any blatant display of luxury, instead focusing on the woman herself. Mona Lisa smiles at the viewer, a detailthat grants her a personality and denotes that Leonardo sought to capture her appearance as wll as psychology. (Zirpolo x)

On the other hand, the way in which Mona Lisa was portrayed in da Vinci’s painting clearly broke the Late Renaissance traditions. To make the matter even more intriguing, Mona Lisa can be considered a retrospective into the Medieval manner of depicting women. Comparing Mona Lisa to other Late Renaissance paintings of women, one must admit that da Vinci introduced new elements to the Renaissance traditions.

One of the features of Mona Lisa that truly stand out is the return to the celebration of humble beauty. The painting does not feature the traditional admiration of human bodily proportions, like the famous The Castration of Uranus fresco by Vasari and Christophano, or the artworks of the Early Renaissance, like the paintings by Botticelli.

It would be wrong to claim that da Vinci conceal Mona Lisa’s beauty from the audience; however, he clearly shifts the emphasis from the physical perfection, which was appraised so much in the High Renaissance Era, to the mystery of personality, which would be focus of an artwork somewhat later.

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Another peculiar example that needs to be considered to get a clear idea of how women were portrayed in the High Renaissance Era, the artworks created by Lorenzo Lotto can be regarded as an attempt to bring the humankind back to the appreciation of the beauty of human body and the perfection of its proportions. As critics remark, Lotto’s “painting of a richly dressed young woman with an engaging outward gaze” (Johnson 77) pretty much represented the female image staple of the century.

Comparing the two artists and the manner in which they depicted women, one has to say that the traditions of High Renaissance clearly went back to the Ancient Greek and Roman art.

Paying careful attention to the proportions of human body, Lotto also showed the female attractiveness in a less discrete way than da Vinci; it can be assumed that da Vinci’s and Lotto’s works represented the link between the highly spiritual, yet hardly healthy, and rather devastated, image of a woman that the Medieval art tended to promote, and the sensual portraits of women of the Renaissance and High Renaissance era (Tinagli 17).

Da Vinci and Lotto, Back to Back: A Comparison

Despite the fact that the two artists definitely used completely different techniques in the creation of their artworks, one could clearly see the pattern in the representation of women in the High Renaissance period. The changes that da Vinci’s and Lotto’s works represented concerned not only the physical features of the images portrayed; as it has been stressed above, the women of Renaissance as they were depicted in the media of the era also gained an element of earthiness.

While these women were still portrayed as virtuous and highly moral, they were closer to the audience than the women in the paintings of the Medieval Era; the audience could relate to Mona Lisa with her mysterious smile, which, with all its mystery, could not be considered a heavenly one – Mona Lisa was clearly flesh and blood.

The same can be said about Lotto’s works – the women portrayed by the artist were delightful, yet they no longer dwelled in the Heaven’s department. The reasons for the given change are quite hard to nail down; as it has been mentioned above, the bodies of the women in the pictures were no longer draped in long and shapeless clothes; however, these aspects of the women’s appearance in the High Renaissance Era could hardly be considered a legitimate reason for the representation of women in media to change completely in High renaissance.

The expressions in women’s faces changed, too. To start with, the famous and nonetheless mysterious smile of la Joconde should be given a proper mentioning – the High Renaissance clearly stated that women had many interesting things to say, therefore, turning the image of a woman in art into a more intellectual concept than the one that had been established previously.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Representation of Women in the Paintings of the High Renaissance and the Recurring Tendencies of the XXI Century specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Women in Modern Media: Revival of Renaissance Traditions As it has been stressed, the manner in which the artists of the High Renaissance depicted women in their work had a lot of points of contact with the image of women in the modern media.

Despite the fact that much water has flown under the bridge since the era of High Renaissance came to an end, the influences of da Vinci, Latto and many more artists is still persistent. Reconsidering the artworks from the High Renaissance period and borrowing the ideas that the artists of the High Renaissance implied in their works, modern artists create the concept of women in media and the image of a female beauty based on the High Renaissance Era.

Indeed, a mere look at the specimens of modern portrayal of women in media brings one back to the time when women finally started shaking off the burden of sanctimony. It is no secret that in the present-day world, the image of a liberated woman is traditionally accepted. However, it is worth keeping in mind that women’s liberation took place not so long ago. Therefore, the parallels between the way in which the High Renaissance women were portrayed and the images of a modern woman in a modern media are quite obvious.

However, there is no use denying that the differences between the two concepts of female image in art and media are also quite prominent. Unfortunately, these differences do not even speak in favor of the modern times.

While in the High Renaissance Era, the manner of depicting women in their natural beauty was highly appreciated and, therefore, the artworks were clearly turning somewhat feminist. In the modern world, the image of women, which is conveyed through media, is less than inspiring; moreover, it clearly succumbs to the current idea of beauty instead of longing for a more timeless idea of natural beauty (Papel 120).

Nevertheless, physical appearance is not the only point at which the concept of the High Renaissance art and the modern art cross and at the same time differ so greatly. The legend behind the image of a woman has suffered considerable changes as well. As one must have expected, the ideas of a modern image of a woman in art and media have split into two different concepts.

While the portrayal of women in art remains an attempt to express the individuality of the author and appraise the wisdom of women, in popular media, the legend behind a female image is somewhat shallower and is usually limited to women whose achievements are labeled as successful by the standards of society (Engstrom 10).

Therefore, it can be considered that the way in which women are portrayed in art and media has both evolved and regressed since the High Renaissance era. The regression can be observed at the mass media level, where women are depicted as shallow characters with a personality of a hairspray can.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Representation of Women in the Paintings of the High Renaissance and the Recurring Tendencies of the XXI Century by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The progress, however, can clearly be tracked in the opportunities that women are offered nowadays; referenced in the mass media images of women, this progress shows that the High Renaissance ideas have served their purpose well, not only satisfying the audience’s lust for beauty, but also upgrading the image of a woman in the eyes of the crowd.

Conclusion: The Recent Tendencies and the Future Changes Despite the fact that the present-day world seems strikingly different to the High Renaissance era, with the recent innovations, the technological breakthrough and the concept of human rights and freedoms, it can be considered that there is a great similarity between the way in which women were portrayed in the specified era and the modern images of women promoted in the mass media.

It would be wrong to assume that the given phenomenon shows that time has reversed; instead, the similarities between the concept of women in media in High Renaissance and the Post Modern Era can be viewed as a spiral development of a female image. While the modern portrayal of women in media cannot be technically viewed as the return of the Renaissance standards, it is still clear that the present-day image of a woman owes much to how women were depicted then.

Works Cited Engstrom, Erika. The Bride Factory: Mass media Portrayals of Women and weddings. London, UK: Peter Lang. 2012. Print.

Johnson, Geraldine. Renaissance Art: A very short Introduction. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 2005. Print.

Papel, Ira. Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. New York, NY: Thieme. 2009. Print.

Tinagli, Paola. Women in Italian Renaissance Art: Gender, Representation and Identity. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. 1997. Print.

Zirpolo, Lilian H. Historical dictionary of Art. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. 2008. Print.


Sabic and Its Role in the Economy of Saudi Arabia: Analysis Research Paper college admission essay help

Introduction: Economy of Saudi Arabia in a Nutshell When it comes to talking about business in Saudi Arabia, oil and oil tycoons are the first images that pop into one’s mind. However, oil industry feeds a number of other businesses, allowing them to grow from minor ones into business empires. Started as a company processing oil by-products, Sabic is a vivid example of such a phenomenon.

The History of Sabic: The Path of the Dragon When talking about Sabic and the way in which it shaped the market of Saudi Arabia, as well as the specifics of business relationships within the specified market, it is crucial to offer a quick overview of the development of Sabic. Decyphered as Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Sabic started out as a state enterprise that was going to offer the services of utilizing oil by-products.

As the company asserted, what used to be considered as waste would be transformed into useful chemicals, including such products as polymers and fertilizers. Needless to say, the given niche was relatively new and, therefore, no one had taken it by that point yet.

It is also essential that the company and its affiliates were originally located next to fishing villages. Having a tangible impact on the villages’ infrastructure, the Sabic affiliates finally contributed to the economical growth of the specified villages, turning them into industrialized cities. Creating a number of affiliates to coordinate the utilization, Sabic finally grew into a corporation that embraces eighteen affiliates and whose influence has been growing increasingly since 1976, when the company was founded.

In the course of its development, Sabic has gone through a number of changes, including organizational, industrial and economical ones. To see the peculiarities of the company development, one should consider the following stages of Sabic’s evolution:

Table 1. Sabic Statistics (GulfBase)

Sabic Real Statistics: from 1993 to 2013

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More EPS Book value RoA[1] (%) RoE[2] (%) GPF[3] (%) NPM[4] (%) E/A[5] (%) Borrowing (%) Leverage (%) Current ratio Quick ratio D/E[6] (%) LA/TA[7] (%) 1993 0.66 6.07 5.29 10.79 27.82 19.65 49.02 27.81 103.98 1.71 N/A 50.76 N/A 2013 8.02 50.66 7.09 15.84 28.82 12.84 44.73 22.71 90.25 3.04 2.36 50.77 23.9 Judging by the data offered above, Sabic has gone a long way from a small company to a major corporation that literally defines the further development of the Saudi Arabian business. According to the table above, the company’s development was boosted in 2011 – 2013, which can be explained by the fact that in 2011, Sabic started to expand under the influence of globalization tendencies. Thus, it can be considered that the chosen economical strategy, i.e., the expansion venture, has proven efficient.

However, it is clear that the company is not going to stop at this point of its development; on the contrary, Sabic is currently planning not only to win over the European Market, but also to meet the latest demands and come up with more items for its product portfolio, including such products as polyurethanes and metallocene linear low density polyethylene (MLLDPE) (Bloomberg).

Mission and Vision Statement: The Impossible Takes a Little While Like any other company, Sabic has a distinctive vision and a clear mission statement. Even though in most cases, the company’s vision does not define the quality of the services that the given company provides, it still helps evaluate the scale and the scope of the company’s focus.

With that being said, it is important to stress that the company’s mission is, according to the way in which the company’s leader put it, “to responsibly provide quality products and services through innovation, learning and operational excellence while sustaining maximum value for our stakeholders” (Sabic).

Therefore, it is clear that providing technologically advanced services is only part of the company’s mission; the other part of the mission statement makes it clear that Sabic aims at satisfying the customers’ need for excellence. The latter proves that the company sells not only products, but also the legend behind these products, i.e., the image of a successful ad technologically advanced person.

As for the company’s vision, it seems to have been persistent since the day when the company was founded, too. In the company leader’s own words, Sabic’s vision is “to be the preferred world leader in chemicals” (Sabic). At this point, however, Sabic seems to abandon its tendency to stress the needs of the customers and focuses on its own achievements.

While the given feature of the vision statement is positive, Sabic could use a vision statement that will be more customer-focused. Thus, Sabic will be able to appeal to its potential customers in a much more efficient manner.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Sabic and Its Role in the Economy of Saudi Arabia: Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Product: Selling Comfort and Peace of Mind On the surface, every company sells a specific product to their customers, and the quality of this product, as well as its prevalence, defines the price that people are ready to pay for the product and, therefore, the company’s revenues. It would be wrong to say, however, that the produced goods or offered services are the only products that a company has to offer.

Adopting a more general view of the trading relationships, one has to admit that any company provides their customers primarily with comfort and certainty concerning a specific part of their lives; for instance, a pharmaceutical company sells medicine and an image of a healthy and, therefore, happy person; a toy company sells toys and the concept of development and entertainment for children and more free time for their parents; the list goes on. In that sense, the products that Sabic sells to its customers can be split into the following categories:

The actual products

When it comes to listing the products that the Sabic Corporation offers to its customers, one must stress that the company has made quite a few changes in the list of its products in the course of Sabic’s development. The given process can be considered natural, since with the progress of technology, the development of the customers’ demands and the recent discoveries regarding the 3-D polymers, it is necessary to shape the production process and reconsider production values. However, the basic range of products offered by the company remains unchanged since 1965; these are:





The legend behind the product

There is no use selling a product unless one has a strong and impressive legend behind it. Companies do not simply sell goods – they sell certainty and comfort, as well as the image of a happy owner of the specified product. Sabic is no exception to this rule; behind every product that it sells, there is a strong and well-polished legend. Among the most persistent ones that have stood the time test, the following should be named:

Improving the customer’s market success;

Providing comfort in the customer’s work and daily life;

Guaranteeing safety in the customer’s working process by providing the goods and equipment of the finest quality;

Offering the customer a concept of success and an image of a professional user of the provided equipment;

Helping the customer feel that (s)he keeps in touch with the latest technological advances.

As one can see, with this extensive list of concepts that lie beyond the goods produced by Sabic, the ideas of safety, comfort and innovations can be traced. Therefore, it can be assumed that the above-mentioned concepts should also be included in the list of Sabic’s services.

Company’s Financial Heath: A Published Account Sabic has definitely made an impressive progress over the past few years; a mere look at the financial report that the company has to offer shows that the company is relatively financially healthy. However, some symptoms can be viewed as rather menacing; by analyzing them, one can possibly determine the existing threats and detect the issues that might evolve into serious concerns in the nearest future.

The 2013 Sabic report consists of five parts, each representing a corresponding element of the company’s financial strategy. The Independent Auditors’ Limited Review Report has shown that the company is in perfect conformity with the existing standards and that there is no need to change the current financial strategy of the company whatsoever. According to the Inteim Consolidated Balance Sheet, Sabic’s assets are almost $4,000,000 lower than the 2012 estimated amount (141,375,305 and 145,368,067 correspondingly) (Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (Sabic) and Its Subsidiaries).

As the aforementioned financial report shows, Sabic’s weakest financial aspect is its inability to provide an accurate estimation of its future financial assets. The given drawback poses a considerable challenge to the company’s further development, since it poses a tangible threat to the efficiency of the avenues chosen by Sabic for the company’s financial growth. Moreover, the inability to anticipate the possible losses might result in the inability to handle a crisis that may struck the company in the future.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Sabic and Its Role in the Economy of Saudi Arabia: Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the same time, it is necessary to specify that the company’s cash equivalents at the end of the period are much higher in 2013 than they were in 2012. Therefore, it can be assumed that at present, it will be best for Sabic not to make risky financial stakes and rely on the traditional financial strategy. The given strategy can be very challenging, since Sabic is going to operate in a completely new environment. However, with a well through-out plan, the company will be able to achieve success in the new market.

Aiming Higher: Forward Markets and Expansion Plans As it has been mentioned above, Sabic is not going to stop at what it has already achieved and is working on its further strategy. Despite the fact that the company could use more popularity in Saudi Arabia, the company director has clearly decided to expand into the Asia and European markets.

The given choice seems rather risky, seeing how the company has not captured the Saudi Arabian market completely yet. However, as the interview with Al Madi shows, the given step is the only way to meet the company’s standards, which presuppose “doubling of sales to $60 billion/year by 2020” (Alperowicz 25).

When speaking of the forward markets that the company will most likely explore in the nearest future, one must stress the fact that Sabic is going to introduce new products to its customers. As a result, the company has included more states into its expansion plans. It is remarkable that Sabic is going to introduce its goods to the Asian population as well as the European and American one, therefore, having to face even tougher competition with the local companies.

The results have been rather satisfactory by far; according to the latest accounts of the company’s progress, Sabic has started capturing the Asian market; in 2013, the number of polymer feedstocks provided by Sabic has risen to 1300 (stable) (Polymerscan, 2013). Therefore, it is clear that the Sabic Company is going to pursue its expansion idea.

The given strategy has its strengths and weaknesses. On the one hand, it is clear that in the light of the current concern for cleaner and safer environment, the idea of recycling oil by-products sounds more than attractive to most of the public that the company’s promotion campaign is targeted at.

Therefore, Sabic is clearly on the right track; offering the goods that will help keep the environment cleaner and at the same time providing a relatively flexible pricing policy. It is also important that the company is keeping the track of the latest technological developments in the given sphere, trying to keep in pace with the standards that the recent technological advances set. Compared to the products that the company offered in the distant 1990s, the production of polypropylene goods is a major improvement.

On the other hand, the risks of producing completely new services in an entirely new environment are obvious; the slightest slip is fraught with great consequences, which the head of the company is clearly aware of: “We are trying to strike a balance between C2 and C3. We are concerned about polypropylene.

There is no structural alteration in PP demand, so any sharp [movement] could possibly choke off the [improvement] we are seeing” (Polymerscan, 2013). Therefore, it is crucial that the company should take account of every single factor, either an inside or outside one, when planning its further steps.

Conclusion: The Existing Avenues of Further Development The conducted case study shows that Sabic definitely has the potential to enter the world market and compete with the world-renowned companies efficiently. It is clear that the company has its faults, among which the company’s cyclicality, limited geographic diversity and high dividends should be named. Since the aforementioned issues can be considered the company’s features and, therefore, are an inseparable part of Sabic, there is no need to get rid of them; moreover, the elimination of these features can lead to the loss of the company’s uniqueness. Thus, Sabic should find the way to operate successfully in the new environment without these disadvantages in the way, which will require improvement of the other aspects of Sabic’s operation. In addition as a contrast to the specified flaws, Sabic has a distinct leadership style and strategy that will help it stay afloat in the new environment and, by learning more about the latter, become highly valued in the new market. With that said, it can be concluded that Sabic will survive the changes associated with expansion and prove prone to the possible crises.

Appendix Appendix A: A Published Article about “Sabic”

Alperowicz, Natasha. “Sabic Grows and Diversifies.” Chemical Week 172.29 (2010): 25, 27–28. Web. ProQuest. 14 June 2013.


The Saudi Basic Industries Corp (Sabic) has enjoyed a meteoric rise in relatively short period since its creation, and it ranks today among the top 10 global chemical industry players in sales terms. It is one of the fastest-growing and most profitable companies in the worldwide chemical industry. Sable is also the world’s largest chemical company by market capitalization, totaling SR300.75 billion. It overtook Reliance Industries recently to take the top position and outranks such long-established industry giants as BASF, Bayer and DuPont.

Sabic’s growth was initially based on manufacturing joint ventures in Saudi Arabia with Western and Japanese partners including ExxonMobil, Shell, and Mitsubishi Corp. Sabic’s long-term vision focuses on further profitable and sustainable growth, based on a doubling of sales to $60 billion/year by 2020. The target of doubling sales by 2020 could lead to Sabic overtaking some of the current industry leaders in sales terms, depending on how those companies progress during the same period.


Next year will mark the 35th anniversary of the foundation of Saudi Basic Industries Corp. (Sabic; Riyadh), a company established to add value to Saudi Arabia’s natural resources and make the Kingdom less dependent on oil exports. Until Sabic’s first petrochemical plants came onstream in the early 1980s, natural gas produced in Saudi Arabia, in association with crude oil, was flared or re-injected.

Sable has enjoyed a meteoric rise in the relatively short period since its creation, and it ranks today among the top 10 global chemical industry players in sales terms.

It is one of the fastest-growing and most profitable companies in the worldwide chemical industry, “Sabic has grown tremendously in the last three decades, from a regional Middle Eastern company to become a global leader,” vice chairman and CEO Mohamed H. Al Mady says. “Depending on whose ranking you take and which plants are inclnded, we are between the 6th and 7th largest on a global basis.” Al Mady has led Sabic for more than 12 years.

Sabic is also the world’s largest chemical company by market capitalization, totaling SR300.75 billion ($82.4 billion) at CW press time. It overtook Reliance Industries recently to take the top position and outranks such long-established industry giants as BASF, Bayer, and DuPont.

Sabic is a public company listed on the Tadawul Stock Exchange (Riyadh). The Saudi government owns 70% of the company’s shares, and private investors in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries hold the rest. Its sales last year reached SR103 billion and net income topped SR9 billion. Net profits in the third truarter of 2010 soared almost 50%, to SR5. 33 billion.

Sabic’s growth was initially based on manufacturing joint ventures in Saudi Arabia with Western and Japanese partners including ExxonMobil, Shell, and Mitsubishi Corp. These plants continue to benefit from attractively priced feedstock, mainly ethane, and Sabic’s partners have over the years generated high levels of profitability via their participation in the jv’s.

Sabic has been increasingly striking out on its own in basic chemical markets but, as part of a previously announced diversification strategy, continues to seek partnerships with technology providers that have market expertise in downstream sectors. The company’s recent agreement with Mitsubishi Rayon to build a methyl methacrylate and polymethyl methacrylate complex in Saudi Arabia is an example of this policy.

Sabic’s long-term vision focuses on further profitable and sustainable growth, based on a doubling of sales to $60 billion/year by 2020. The company, as part of this strategy, has made major investments at home, acquired businesses in Europe and the U.S., and invested in China, and it is now in the process of diversifying its portfolio.

Sabic’s diversification plans include a planned entry into the polyurethanes (PU), nylon, and rubber and elastomer businesses. The company is examining additional investment opportunities, including cooperation in selected projects with state-owned energy firm Saudi Aramco.

Major overseas investments included the 2002 acquisition of DSM’s petrochemicals business, and the purchase of Huntsman’s U.K. petrochemical assets in 2006. These two acquisitions extended Sabic’s reach into Europe through ownership of manufacturing assets at Geleen, the Netherlands; Gelsenkirchen, Germany; and Wilton, U.K.

Sabic’s third, and by far largest overseas acquisition, was the $ll.6-billion takeover of GE Plastics, since renamed Sabic Innovative Plastics, in 2007. This deal transformed Sabic into a leading producer of engineering plastics.

Sabic also ranks among the world’s leading producers of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), glycols, methanol, and fertilizers. Its major domestic manufacturing sites are at Jubail and Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, which Al Mady refers to as “our mini-Verhnnd,” referring to BASF’s Verband integration concept. Sabic comprises six strategic bnsiness units (SBU): chemicals, engineering plastics, fertilizers, metals, performance chemicals, and polymers.

Performance chemicals, the youngest SBU, is the main driver of Sabic’s diversification strategy. It plans to introduce more than 40 new performance products over the coming years, and by 2020 is expected to account for almost 10% of Sabic’s revenues. The performance chemicals SBU is headed by Jacobus Van Haasteren, who says that the task is a unique opportunity. “Creating growth from where we are today to that goal in 2020 is a challenging and interesting task,” he says.

Organic growth initiatives include two recently completed petrochemical complexes in Saudi Arabia and a 50-50 jv with Sinopec at Tianjin, China. The YanSab petrochemical complex came online at Yanbu last year, and earlier this year Sabic and its Japanese partners, led by Mitsubishi Corp., brought onstream an expansion of their Sharq petrochemical complex at Jubail.

Sabic is also in the process of starting up the massive Saudi Kayan complex at Jubail, scheduled to be fully onstream at the end of 2011 or beginning of 2012, Al Mady says.

Kayan, in which Sabic has a 35% stake, will be Saudi Arabia’s most diversified petrochemical complex and include products so far not manufactured in the Kingdom. “The first to come onstream at Kayan was the utilities plant, followed by the glycols unit, and we are finalizing the start-up of the polyethylene and polypropylene plants,” Al Mady says.

Cumene, phenol, and polycarbonate (PC) units are next in line. “8o we are moving in a step-wise approach where the smaller plants will be onstream toward the end of the project,” he says.

Construction of the Kayan complex was impacted by an overheated engineering and construction market in the last few years, which led to delays and cost overruns. Sabic has arranged loans to cover a 24% rise in construction costs on top of the original SR35.4-billion budget.

Sinopec and Sabic began commercial production earlier this year at the Tianjin jv, dubbed Sinopec Sabic Tianjin Petrochemical Co. The complex is based on a 1-million m.t./year ethylene plant and includes eight downstream facilities. The partners are already planning a further expansion. “We are contemplating adding to that complex a polycarbonate plant and are now finalizing the negotiations with Sinopec,” Al Mady says. Sabic ties with Bayer MaterialScience as the leading manufacturer of PC. The new plant in China will use Sabic’s own technology, says Charlie Crew, executive v.p. and CEO at Sabic Innovative Plastics. It will most likely be designed to produce 240,000 m.t./year of PC. “Polycarbonate is a product that is going to be very important for us as we penetrate more of the Asian market and will be able to supply product from Kayan in Jubail,” Crew says. The company is also looking for growth in PC in the Mideast, Crew says. “We will be very strategically positioned with our polycarbonate facility in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which will allow us to expand our market reach in [the Mideast and] other emerging regions”.

Sabic’s 2020 growth plan, approved by the company’s board three years ago, is progressing well, Al Mady says. “The program focuses on continuous growth in the Kingdom and other countries through both organic growth and acquisitions,” he says. Sabic is focused on improving its operations through manufacturing excellence, reliability, and investing in downstream projects, he says.

The target of doubling sales by 2020 could lead to Sabic overtaking some of the current industry leaders in sales terms, depending on how those companies progress during the same period. However, size in itself is not important, Al Mady says. “The most important thing for us is to have profitable growth and to make sure that we stay focused on our vision to produce the right chemicals, sustainable chemicals.., and whatever happens with the ranking, happens,” he says.

Analysts view Sabic’s growth plans positively but they say that the company will find it difficult to double in size by organic growth alone. “Until now, barring a few acquisitions, much of the growth came from capacity additions in Saudi Arabia, which relied on cheap natural gas,” says Hassan Ahmed, an analyst with Alembic Global Advisors (New York). But no new gas has been allocated to the chemical industry in Saudi Arabia since 2006 because of a shortage in the Kingdom and Sabic needs more acquisitions if it is to hit its 2020 targets, Ahmed says.

Al Mady is reluctant to discuss Sabic’s acquisition plans. “We always, through our acquisition department, review our gaps and look for possible fits, and continue to examine the right moment [to acquire businesses],” he says.

No new investments in basic chemical projects have been announced since the completion of YanSab, Sharq, and Kayan due in part to the Kingdom’s declining feedstock availability. But Sabic is “in contact with the relevant ministry for our future feedstock allocations,” Al Mady says. Sabic has to compete for feedstock against other producers and their technologies and materials, he says. “The ministry is always evaluating us vis-à-vis the competition,” Al Mady says.

Uncertainty over future basic chemical feedstock supplies means that the only way Sabic can grow is “to diversify along product and geographic lines, and diversification is the prudent strategy,” Ahmed says. The performance chemicals SBU is looking to add higher-value chemicals and polymers to the company’s product slate. Sadaf, the jv with Shell at Jubail,- Kayan; and Petrokemya, a wholly owned Sabic subsidiary at Jubail, are being considered as possible sites for tbe PU project, which will be implemented by the performance chemicals SBU, Al Mady says. The final choice will depend on the availability of raw materials, including toluene and chlorine, both of which are available at Sadaf, for example, he says. The project, expected to be implemented as a jv with a technology provider, will comprise isocyanates and polyols manufacturing facilities and a PU systems house. “Polyurethane is important for Sabic and we are in the process of finalizing the project’s details,” Al Mady says.

The Sadaf jv is the first and one of the largest original Sabic complexes, and the partners are seeking growth opportunities on several fronts, Al Mady says. “The leadership at Shell is very keen to grow the company and I have no doubt that this is in their strategic plans, and we are working together to find the right opportunity for us to grow Sadaf,” he says. “We are studying with them polyurethanes, alpha-oleflns, and other chemical projects.”

Sabic is also eager to cooperate with Aramco. Before Aramco selected Dow Chemical as its partner in the Ras Tanura petrochemicals mega-project, since relocated to Jubail, Sabic expressed an interest in participating in the complex. “We continue to discuss with Saudi Aramco opportunities for integrating our skills in petrochemicals with their skills in refining on a worldwide basis and complementing each other in this arena,” Al Mady says.

Aramco selected Sabic as the marketer of Aramco’s share of polyolefins from the recently completed Fnjian Refining and Petrochemicals complex at Quanzhou, China. The complex is a jv among Sinopec, Aramco, and ExxonMobil.

There are possibly two additional opportunities for Sabic to cooperate with Aramco. They are an export-oriented refinery project at Yanbu, which ConocoPhillips exited earlier this year and a proposed refinery at Jizan in the south of Saudi Arabia, which originally included a PP plant.

However, Sabic has not discussed the Yanbu refinery with Aramco and it would not be interested in venturing outside its Jubail or Yanbu hubs to a location suoh as Jizan, Al Mady says. “We are strong in the Jubail and Yanbu areas because of the existing infrastructure,” he says. “Once you depart from those cities, you pay a premium.”

Sabic’s elastomers project would be a jv with ExxonMobil. The companies are finalizing details of the elastomers project, which has been delayed, and they are due to make a final decision early next year on whether to proceed. “It is a huge complex and has yet to be approved by the boards of directors of ExxonMobil and Sabic,” Al Mady says. The delay has allowed the project to be optimized and engineering, procurement, and construction costs reduced.

Sabic is pursuing other growth opportunities outside Saudi Arabia, including in China and Europe. “We have introduced our high-density bi-modal PE at a plant at Gelsenkirchen, and have commissioned a low-density polyethylene plant at Wilton,” Al Mady says. Sabic Innovative Plastics opened its second polyetherimide resin plant at Cartagena, Spain recently. Sabic is planning to build compounding facilities for PP and PC in China.

Diversification will make Sabic less vulnerable to commodity chemical market cyclically, analysts say. “The main strength that Sabic has, apart from a global distribution network and scale, is its access to very cheap feedstock, which makes it among the lowest-cost commodity chemical producers,” Ahmed says. “The way to address cyclically is to start delving into high-margin and less cyclical specialty chemical product areas.” Ahmed sees two main challenges facing Sabic: achieving its growth targets while not overpaying for acquisitions, and expanding its commodity chemical footprint without sacrificing its low-cost position.

Sustainability has a major role to play in Sabic’s expansion plans. “As part of our innovation and growth, we are introducing products that will not only help Sabic but also its customers sell products that are sustainable,” Al Mady says. “We are also reducing our carbon footprint around the world.”

These innovative products include fuel-efficient and recyclable materials, as well as weight-reducing products, particularly for automotive applications. “Our innovative materials and our design support help customers reduce weight and enable systems integration for lower cost.”

Sabic’s emphasis on natural gas feedstock also helps the company to reduce its environmental footprint, Al Mady says. Natural gas is “better than using coal or oil in the first place,” he says. “Secondly, we are reviewing all our manufacturing steps and identifying areas for improvement.” Sabic has new technology to convert CO2 emissions from glycol manufacture and is using CO8 emissions from fertilizer plants to make other products. “There are many things we have done in the past, which make Sabic one of the most sustainable companies, in the [Mideast! area at least,” Al Mady says. “But we aspire to continue with our sustainable growth through profitable, sustainable projects.”

Several of Sabic’s targets for 2020 are still being defined, but the company has a clear path covering the next five years, Al Mady says. “We will continue our growth in performance chemicals and with debottlenecking our plants; and at the same time look for opportunities in and outside the Kingdom,” he says. “We hope we can maintain our growth that we have demonstrated in the last few years.”

Appendix B – Screenshots (Journal)

Page 25

Page 27

Page 28

Works Cited Alperowicz, Natasha. “Sabic Grows and Diversifies.” Chemical Week 172.29 (2010): 25, 27–28. Web. ProQuest. 2013.

Bloomberg. Saudi Basic Industries Corp. Web.

GulfBase. Saudi Basic Industries Corp. Web.

Polymerscan, 2013. Web.

Sabic. Ambition and Commitment. Web.

Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (Sabic) and Its Subsidiaries. Web.

Footnotes Returns on assets

Returns on equity

Gross profit margin

Net profit margin



Liquid assets/Total assets


Short stories analysis Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

In their short stories, Edgar Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne explore the psychological peculiarities of their characters and the transformation of their inner world. This paper is aimed at discussing such works as Young Goodman Brown written Hawthorn and Poe’s famous short story The Fall of the House of Usher. Overall, one can argue that both authors show how characters perceive and respond to the disintegration of the world that has been familiar to them.

These people suffer a severe emotional trauma. This is one of the main themes that these writers explore. These questions can be better examined by looking at the setting of these short stories, conflicts, the transformation of the protagonists, and style because they can show the techniques used by these writers. These are the main issues that should be taken into account by the readers of these texts.

First of all, Hawthorn and Poe focus on the setting since this element can better explain the behavior of various characters. For instance, Hawthorn emphasizes that the action takes place in the Puritan New England, probably in the seventeenth century. In particular, the readers learn the characters live in Salem, a village which is notorious for numerous witch trials that were held there (Hawthorne 7).

To a great extent, this detail suggests that the narrative will describe some dramatic events. The location is very important for the writer because in this way, he can introduce supernatural element into the narrative. In turn, Edgar Poe does not directly identify the exact time and location of the story, but the readers can see that the action takes place in some desolate location which is not easily accessible to other people.

The first sentence of the story illustrates how Poe describes the setting, “I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country, and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher” (Poe 4). One can say that both authors strive to create an atmosphere of suspense. To some degree, this goal is attained by looking at the setting of these short stories. This is one of the main aspects that can be identified.

Furthermore, much attention should be paid to the main characters of these stories. For example, Goodman Brown is firmly convinced that he lives in a virtuous community in which people try to be immune to sin. He can be described as a virtuous and slightly naïve person who wants to see the better qualities of other people. Nevertheless, he can sense that something is wrong. He feels that the hidden life of people can differs dramatically from their public life.

In turn, the unnamed narrator of Edgar Poe story can notice that his friend Roderick Usher is in the state of physical and psychological collapse, even he cannot understand why he has changed so significantly. He can be viewed as a very perceptive individual who can detect the changes in the behavior of other people. Thus, these characters can be described as very responsive people, and this is one of the similarities that should be taken into consideration.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, it is vital to look at the conflicts which drive the narratives presented by the authors. Nathaniel Hawthorne examines the conflict between the proclaimed and hidden values of people. It should be mentioned that the residents of the village claim to be virtuous Puritans who are only concerned with the ethical aspects of their behavior.

However, they participate in a witch Sabbath and this ritual is hardly compatible with the ideals that these villagers claim to have. Moreover, there is internal conflict between his own rationality and belief in the better qualities of other people. At the moment of bitter disappointment, the main character says, ‘My faith is gone…. There is no good on earth; and sin is but a name’ (Hawthorne 23).

In turn, the narrator of Edgar Poe’s story is torn by the conflict to run away from the declining house of Usher and his devotion to his friend, Roderick. The narrator strives to cope with “the sense of insufferable gloom” when he approaches the house (Poe 4). Nevertheless, he still wishes to meet Roderick. So, the authors explore different conflicts, but these elements of the narrative are vital for explaining the main themes of these short stories.

Apart from that, it is vital to look at different elements of the plot. Nathaniel Hawthorn does not immediately reveal the purpose of the main character’s journey or its outcome. Moreover, the readers do not know what the protagonist will find out in the forest. The plot of this short story contains such elements as exposition, rising action, climax, and resolution. These are some of the details that should not be disregarded.

Similarly, Poe does not reveal what happens to Roderick Usher and why his sister died. This approach enables the writers to focus the readers’ attention on the narrative. Moreover, the writers show how the world, which is familiar to the characters, gradually falls apart. In particular, Goodman Brown sees how the ideals such as faith or devotion lose their value. In turn, Edgar Poe describes the decline of Roderick Usher and emotional response of the narrator. This is one of the key details that should be considered.

Finally, it is important to examine the style of both authors. One can argue that Edgar Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne try to make sure that every detail throws some light on the characters, their inner world or at least the setting. This is one of the similarities in the style of these writers. Yet, there are some distinctions. In particular, Nathaniel Hawthorne shows that his characters use the archaic words or phrases such as “thou” or “sayest” (Hawthorne 11).

The speech of these people indicates that these characters could be living in the Puritan New England (Hawthorne 11). Additionally, the characters have such names as Faith or Goodman which were very popular in the seventeenth century. In this way, the author wants to show that the residents of the village wanted to showcase their piety. In turn, Edgar Poe prefers to use various epithets and metaphors which can intensify the feeling of suspense.

We will write a custom Essay on Short stories analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The following quote illustrates the writing style of this author, “feeble gleams of encrimsoned light made their way through the trellised panes” (Poe 8). This passage shows that Poe wants to create vivid images that produce a long-lasting impression on the reader. He wants the reader to imagine the dreary house in which the action takes place.

Overall, these examples indicate that Edgar Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne attach much importance to the psychological development of the characters. They can perfectly describe how they responds to the collapse of something that they have taken for granted.

Goodman Brown is forced to accept that his neighbors and even his wife are not as virtuous and pious as they claim to be. In turn, the unnamed narrator of Edgar Poe’s story is forced to see the decline of his friend. One can argue that both characters suffer from significant psychological trauma. This is one of the main details that be identified.

Works Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Young Goodman Brown, Boston: Wildside Press LLC, 2005. Print.

Poe, Edgar. The Fall of the House of Usher. New York:The Floating Press, 2011. Print.


Anger in Buddhism Essay college application essay help

Siddhartha Gautama, who is also known as Buddha, once said, “Anger will never disappear so long as thoughts of resentment are cherished in the mind.” This statement holds a lot of truth in it when it is analyzed psychologically. Anger is a psychological problem that starts in the mind. It always occur when one has some sense of resentments in the mind, either because one feels shortchanged or a feeling that something did not go as per the expectations.

The mind will be disturbed as one tries to imagine how the incident took place, and why it happened the way it did, and not in the manner desired. This will create a lot of disturbance in the mind. The mind will not settle as such an individual would be trying to reflect on why the incident took place the way it did. Recent psychologists have confirmed that anger is always a reflection of the mind’s status. Depending on the level in which the mind is not at peace, anger will always be reflected in various forms.

Understanding the nature of anger would demand that one knows factors that affect the mind. Scientists have demonstrated that the mind controls all the activities of an individual. Anger is a sign that an individual is not pleased with an act of another individual or a given process. It is a sign that the mind is not at peace with that a particular person or process. This distress in the mind wills illicit anger.

Depending on how massive the disturbance is in the mind, the resentment may take a shorter or longer time to be eliminated from one’s mind. As long as the resentment still exists, the anger will persist. Various factors will determine how long the resentment will last. For instance, when an individual is constantly exposed to the source of the distress, the resentment may take a longer time to disappear. This may be a case where one’s property is taken by another, but due to corrupt legal system, one is unable to recover the property.

When the property is taken away to a place the original owner will not be able to see it frequently, it is possible that this owner may overcome the resentment after a while and he or she may eliminate the anger. However, when the property is constantly at his or her sight, the thought that the property was once his or hers will keep the resentment burning.

When the resentment in the mind is kept alive, it is almost impossible to eliminate anger. This is because anger is a manifestation of resentment. It is an indication that the mind still refuses the fact that a given event happened in a way that is just. When one resents something or someone, there will develop a feeling that one should act in a manner that will be considered as settling the score.

When one develops such a feeling, then anger cannot disappear until the score is settled. The feeling can only disappear either when one forgets the incident, or when one feels that some form of justice has been served. As Buddha puts it, anger can only disappear when the feeling of resentment disappears. This is because when resentment is eliminated, the root cause of anger shall be eliminated.

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An explanation for the failure of Justin to manage the Asian Pacific Division of Compcorp Case Study college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Managing business in the international business environment is quite daunting. The explanation for this observation is that there is a variation in factors of management in diverse business environments.

Different business environments have diverse business cultures that must be mastered and adhered to by any manager who wants to manage a business successfully in the environment (Luthans, Doh


Concept of Childhood Emotions in Psychology Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Extroverts and Introverts


Emotional Neglect


Introduction At the early stages of childhood, children are not able to identify and control their emotions. Consequently, they react distinctly to display situations in accordance to their intensities and perspectives. The reactions expressed determine the message relayed to a child caretaker. However, regulation of emotions improves by the rise in the age of a child.

The middle stage of childhood allows children to control their emotional reactions. This implies that the child must not cry to refute an action. Instead, speaking and reasoning are incorporated when presenting the response. The emotions experienced during childhood are related to the environment in which a child grows. This essay will explore the emotions that children attain and experience when subjected to different emotions.

Extroverts and Introverts Children exposed to outgoing parental treatments could become extroverts and sociable. Consequently, they make friend and sustain their happiness through interactions. The positive emotional skills are retrieved subconsciously from parents during daily shores. The child copies the moods and actions intimately. For instance, if a dependant mother is calm and tolerant to the husband, children could be less aggressive.

Additionally, the children could tolerate hardships in accordance to their mother’s tolerance. Consequently, the children could be highly tolerant when performing motherly duties. In reverse, children who are raised by mothers with direct exposure of negative emotions and vulnerability fail to succeed well in life. They are characterized by failure to identify emotions of friends. For instances, they do not note when they are making friend happy or sad.

Exposure The environments exposed to children determine the emotions established in their characters. What emotional differences would be expected between twins raised from two distinct families? Assuming one family is rich while the other one is poor, the response reactions and emotions would be significantly different.

Probably, the child growing in a wealthy family will have problems to tolerate and face hardships. The child will meet other happy children living under similar conditions. Consequently, the child will be happy, adventurous, and livelier than the twin brother. On the other hand, the child living under harsh conditions will face hardships, receive poor education and miss adventures. Although these attributes deny a child the opportunities to be outgoing, he could attain qualities of tolerance and perseverance.

Emotional Neglect There exist childhood forces that retain their intimacy at adulthood. Apparently, these forces reduce the joyous activities that people would like to experience throughout their life. This feeling makes people feel separated and distinct from others. Parents could direct the emotional needs of their children to prevent emotional neglect.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Emotional neglect refers to an attribute where parents fail to address emotional requirements of their children. For instance, what if a pupil arrives home in an angry mood due to a discouragement he faced from field argument? The child could not be aware about the deep feelings and personal invalidation he faced. The future effects of this invalidation and discouragement could be influential to adulthood emotions.

Conclusion Childhood emotions are fundamental attributes to adulthood personalities and characters. Children should receive close care to prevent negative emotional skills. This will help to arm individuals into becoming respectable and sociable in the society. Additionally, adults must be aware about the characters arising from their childhood. This knowledge could help them to modify the negative characters retrieved from childhood.


Analysis Psychology Profession Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction



Research questions

Definition of terms



Classification of participants

Type of study


Proving hypothesis



Introduction This study points out similarities and differences between the above two studies. Both studies have related topics but the authors are different. Both studies show that harsh parenting contributes to poor regulation of emotions and aggression in children.

Goals The main goal of choosing these topics is to learn more on children psychology. I love working with children and I have noted that children have different personalities and emotions. Considering all other factors remain constant, their character or personality differs depending on parenting styles. As a result, I developed an interest to learn more on psychology of children. Usually a person’s character is majorly determined by immediate social environment. In addition, I want to offer academic, social and emotional assistance to children.

Lessons Being in psychology profession, these studies help in creating of awareness of issues related to harsh parenting. In addition, the studies establish the relationship between parenting and personality of a child as well as decisions they make in life. As a result, I will be able to share the knowledge, experience and ability with parents to enhance proper parenting.

Further, the studies provide information on models on development of support network for children with psychological problems resulting from harsh parenting. In addition, sharing the information with policy makers to make sure policies which protect the children are formulated and carried out.

Research questions Chang, Dodge and McBride sought to investigate how harsh parenting relates to emotion regulation and aggression. However Heidgerken, Hughes, Cavell and Wilson test the pathways through which parenting and social cognitive processes contribute to children’s aggression.

Definition of terms Research study done by Chang and others gives a clear definition of terms. The study provides adequate characteristics of harsh which include yelling, name calling, aggression, overreaction and physical threats among others. The study is consists of abstract, introduction, method, measures, results, discussion and application in public policy. Opposed to the previous research, Heidgerken does not provide definition of terms. The study consists of abstract, introduction, methods of research, measures, results and discussion of findings.

Results The hypothesis in both studies is positive considering results presented. Study done by Chang and others shows that harsh parenting has direct and indirect effects on a child’s aggression in school environment. In addition, the author relates harsh parenting to poor regulation of emotions in a child. The study states that poor regulation of emotions coincides with harsh parenting resulting from negative interaction between a child and parent.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, the study shows maternal anger has great impacts on a child compared to paternal anger because mothers spend most of their time with children compared to fathers. Similarly the study done by Heidgerken establishes a path between harsh parenting and aggression. However, the authors note that they have faith on results due to instability of test with samples. In addition, the authors did not test the relationship between aggression and cognitive processes.

Subjects The composition of subjects used in both studies is different. Subjects used in earlier study were majorly Chinese parents; both mother and father. In addition, the study also involved three teachers and 325 kindergarten children. In the Heidgerken and Hughes study, the subjects were of different races. In addition, the study involved children in second and third grade only; parent were not part of study. In earlier study children were from the same school. 55% of the children were boys and the rest were girls.

Moreover, the age range was between 3-6 years with 65% being 4-5 years. The average age for mothers was 34 years and mothers 32 years. Parents with college education constituted 50% for both mothers and fathers. The rest of participants had high or middle school education qualifications. In latter study, children were selected from fifteen different schools. It involved 421 children for experiment and 38 for control.

The earlier study involved 978 subjects; 3 teachers, 325 children and a pair of parents for each child. A questionnaire was administered to participating parents to provide information about them and children at home. Teachers filled a checklist related to behavior of children in class six months later.

The three teachers rated each child to choose participants in the study. Unlike the previous study, Heidgerken had children and control group for experiment. In the latter study, teachers nominated children of different sexes, race or ethnic group. However, the group had more girls, European American and few African -American children.

Classification of participants The earlier study involved Chinese parents, teachers and children only: no other race. The children were further grouped according to age. Researchers grouped parents according to the level of education which included college, high and middle school. Further, the researchers grouped parents and children according to sex: male and female. However, the latter study involved children of different races and teachers only. In addition, they were both men and women.

Type of study Both the studies are experimental researches because they had subjects which took part in the study. In addition, researchers did experiments to prove harsh parenting and dual mediation models. The study applies elements of correlation and it compares the outcomes between fathers and mothers. A comparison of effects on daughters and sons is also done. Unlike the earlier study, the latter one had control group for the experiment.

We will write a custom Essay on Analysis Psychology Profession specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Methods The earlier study majorly used 2 types of close-ended questionnaires and behavioral checklist generated by teachers. Both parents filled a questionnaire on harsh parenting. It majorly involved how parents react towards a child. Mothers filled questionnaire on child emotion regulation by mothers only and it was concerning child’s reaction when angry.

Lastly, teachers had behavioral checklist which dealt with child’s aggression and was used in rating the behavior of a child in school. The latter study used verbal interview which was done face to face with participants. Participants were selected through information teachers gave on report form, aggression with peers or both. The groups’ method involved social cognitive profile, attributions, social goals, aggressive solutions and peer approval or retaliation consequences.

Proving hypothesis In both studies, hypothesis was adequately proved by the researchers. Chang’s study grouped subjects to meet an accepted sample-variable ratio. The aggression variable had three evaluations from the three teachers and their average results published. Harsh parenting and emotion regulation variables had two to four items randomly mixed to form a group.

The sample-variable ratio achieved was ten for entire sample and 5 when male and female were analyzed separately. The researchers learned that harsh parenting from both parents had negative effects on regulation of child’s emotions. As a result, the child could transfer the aggressiveness to peers at school.

In both studies, researchers claim the studies were statistically significant because they used sample-variable and chi-square methods to test hypothesis. In Heidgerken and Hughes study, the participants went through a five steps process to test the hypothesis. The steps included social cognitive profile, attributions, social goals, aggressive solutions and peer approval or retaliation consequences. Participants interviewed in relation to these steps.

Limitations The studies faced different challenges. Major limitation in the study done by Chang and others is that it lacked racial diversification. Different races have different cultures, so incorporation of other ethnic groups could have diversified the results. In addition, gender related theories were not put into consideration. Harsh parenting involves cross-sectional issues and in future studies should include the conditions which could lead to harsh parenting.

The researchers did not miss or overlook anything in both studies. They were able to find he gaps in the research. No problems met during proving of hypothesis. In the study done by Heidgerken and others, findings cannot be generalized because sample used had mainly composed of aggressive participants. In addition, aggressiveness in children should be viewed in two ways; as a cause and result of harsh parenting. Model generated may not be applicable in different races.

Importance Both studies provide important information to on human behavior. The studies show that immediate surrounding influences human behavior. These studies show that family background can make or break a person’s character. I have learned that we transfer what we get from our parent to others.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis Psychology Profession by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition, the studies show that human behavior is subject to change. These studies have been effective in addressing my need to study this topic. The studies met my expectations and lessons aspired. My quest for information is adequately addressed by these studies.

Chang, L., Schwartz, D., Dodge, K.,


Recruitment, Selection and Onboarding Case Study essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Recruitment Plan

Selection Plan

Onboarding Plan

Works Cited

The labor market is paradoxical. On one hand, the number of people looking for jobs is high. On the other, there is a shortage of talented people available for hire.

This situation is very rampant in many industries. Talented individuals are difficult to find and retain. This is very pronounced in the engineering sector. The approach many companies use in the hiring of engineers is that they employ engineering graduates fresh from college. They then find ways of training and retaining them to ensure that they remain in the company for as long as possible.

This is because engineering jobs tend to carry a lot of influence on the production processes of an organization and can determine its profitability and long-term sustainability. In order to find engineers to fill in job openings, there is need to develop a recruitment, selection, and onboarding plan. This paper presents a comprehensive plan needed to hire twenty bilingual engineers to increase the capacity of the company to service a federal government contract.

Recruitment Plan The recruitment plan needed to hire these engineers should start with the development of a clear statement of the human resource needs for the project. These needs relate to the actual tasks that the engineers will need to perform, the strategic needs of the company, and the responsibility of the company towards the community. This means that the company needs to hire engineers who will be able to meet the needs of the organization.

The company will need to find ways of bringing the vacancies to the attention of all the qualified engineers to ensure that they capture the best talent available in the market. This will call for the development of a strong campaign to reach all the potential engineers. In part, this will require the organization to study the current employment climate for engineers. Based on this, the company will be able to develop an attractive package that will ensure it attracts the best talent.

After the completion of the preliminary issues, the company should invite applications from the available engineers. This should include the use of the social media to find the best talent for the job. Social media is becoming more important for HR because of its capacity to take information to a wide array of people (Mitchell 193).

In addition, the company can consider using the social media as a means of narrowing down on the best candidates for the jobs. There is growing evidence that the analysis of a person’s social media profile can help to determine their fit into an organization (Mitchell 193).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company can also use other tests such as psychometric tests, cultural fit tests, and competency tests to find the best engineers for the positions (Yamamura, Birk and Cossitt 59). All these tests have some value in determining whether a person is ideal to fill a position. The interesting test in this context will be the cultural fit test.

This test will enable the company to know whether the potential hires have what it takes to fit within the culture of the organization (Overman 1). The culture of each organization is unique. This calls for the review of each applicant’s attitudes and values to ensure that the applicant will fit in the organization.

Selection Plan The selection plan for the company covers the issues the company needs to consider when selecting the candidates to join the organization. The difference between the selection plan and the recruitment plan is that recruitment covers all activities done to attract the potential candidates who can fill in the role. However, the selection plan covers the specific decisions needed to make the choice of the actual candidates who join the organization.

It is prudent to find ways of reducing the pool of candidates in order to remain with those who have a realistic chance of joining the organization. During the recruitment process, a good job can attract a very large number of candidates. Many potential employees can tell when a good job is on offer.

The company will have a big task of sifting through hundreds, and maybe thousands of applicants before finding the best ones. The first step in the selection plan is usually to eliminate the candidates who lack the basic criteria needed for the job. In this case, the basic criterion is having an engineering degree, and proficiency in both English and Spanish.

The second step can include the steps proposed in the recruitment plan such as psychometric testing and culture testing (Overman 1). These steps can help eliminate candidates who do not meet a certain criteria. A good application of testing is to use it at the screening level.

For instance, a psychometric test can help weed out applicants after the initial short listing. A culture test can be used in the final stages of the selection process when the number of candidates is smaller (Overman 2). It is good practice to have a target number of applicants in each stage. The number should be a range, because a fixed number may lead to loss of promising talent, or retention of poor talent.

We will write a custom Case Study on Recruitment, Selection and Onboarding specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One-on-one interviews should be reserved for later recruitment stages. It is important to have at least one interview per candidate conducted by senior employees, preferably the managers. This helps to instill a sense of importance to the process. It also serves as an important way of introducing the potential employees to potential mentors.

Onboarding Plan Onboarding is extremely important in the process of talent management. This comes from the need to ensure that an employee achieves optimum performance as quickly as possible after they join the organization. The onboarding plan for engineers is even more complex because of the technical nature of their work. The three main proposals for onboarding of new engineers are as follows.

First, it will be prudent to conduct a review of their interviews because the company will be in possession of a large amount of information regarding each applicant (Byham 15). The review should aim at identifying their strengths. I should also show them how the company expects to benefit from those strengths.

Secondly, it should aim at communicating the weaknesses the interviewers observed in order to find ways of dealing with these weaknesses. Thirdly, the review should aim at developing a mentorship relationship between the new employee and the person leading the review session.

The second proposal on onboarding of new engineers is helping them to develop working relationships with existing employees (Byham 16). The best way to do this is by including the new recruits in ongoing projects either in observer capacity, or as members of the project teams. The company may also provide the new employees with opportunities to shadow experienced staff in the company.

The third means of onboarding is the development of mentorship roles in the organization to ensure that each new engineer has a mentor. This will serve to reduce mistakes and to increase a sense of support for the new engineers.

Works Cited Byham, William C. “Strong Start to Job Success: What Leaders Can Do to Shorten Time to Proficiency, Increase Job Engagement, and Reduce Early Turnover.” Development Dimensions International (2008): 1-22. Print.

Mitchell, Stephen G. “Supplemental Recruiting Services: A Viable Solution in Challenging Times.” Nursing Economics (2009): 192-196. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Recruitment, Selection and Onboarding by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Overman, Stephenie. “A Perfect Match: Personality Assessments Can Help Reveal Whether an Applicant is a Good Fit For the Job and the Organization.” Staffing Management 2 April 2010: 1-2. Print.

Yamamura, Jeanne H, Cynthia A Birk and Betty J Cossitt. “Attracting and Retaing Talent: The Importance of First Impressions.” The CPA Journal (2010): 58-63. Print.


Supply Chain Management Research Paper college essay help near me

Introduction Supply chain management (SCM) utilises science and art in its set-up. It also works to improve process of acquiring raw materials. Additionally, it makes and transports products to consumers. SCM has five basic components, which enables it to improve efficiency in companies.

These include plan, source, make, transport and return. These components of SCM ensure that product chain is managed efficiently. The need for efficiency has also incorporated use of SCM applications. Consequently, each of the named components has its software. This paper will explore SCM (Handfield, 2011).

Supply Chain Management (SCM) As stated earlier, SCM involves strategic chain of events that begin by acquisition of raw materials and ends when the product is delivered to the consumer. In most cases, these processes are tedious because of the complexities involved.

It is therefore necessary that companies exercise efficiency in SCM. It should also be noted that companies have invested large amounts of resources to improve their supply chain. Management of supply chain is therefore very significant in any business. Efficient supply chain management saves on cost and increases profits.

Additionally, it improves product quality and reduces time spent on products, which effectively cuts on cost. The current market dynamics are quite challenging for businesses. In fact, market dynamics has seen tremendous growth in competition as well as advancement of technology. This has forced companies to resort to new technological mechanisms of managing supply chain. Supply chain is therefore an integral part of company activities.

Definition SCM can be defined as the management of network of events that begin in acquisition of raw materials and ends in delivery of finished goods or services to customers. In essence, it can refer to the processes involved in acquiring, making and delivering goods or services to customers.

Additionally, it can also refer to the management of linked channels that provide goods and services that are required by consumers in the chain of supply. Furthermore, it refers to the supervision, planning, designing, control and execution of activities in supply chain. The main aim of SCM is to promote product or service value, measure performance, link supply to demand, provide global logistics and establish competitive infrastructures (Wailgum, 2008).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Origin and History of SCM

Keith Oliver coined the term SCM in 1982. He quoted it in an Interview with Financial times. However, the term did not take hold immediately. In fact, it was mentioned again in the mid 1990s when numerous books and articles were written on it. Since then, it has gained prominence. In the process, prominent people, including operations managers to describe their competencies, have utilised it.

During its long period of development, SCM has had numerous definitions, which has been refined in each period. Some of the definitions that were used during its development include management of downstream as well as upstream flow of materials that are value added. Additionally, it referred to the management of information among stakeholders in supply chain as well as management of final products or services. It also involved study of traditional functions of businesses as well as strategies through systematic review in supply chain.

These were aimed at promoting lasting performance of both companies and supply chain. Moreover, CSCMP argues that, SCM involves the entire processes to achieve efficiency. SCM also involves collaboration as well as coordination of chain stakeholders such as customers, intermediaries, service providers as well as suppliers.

SCM, therefore, works to integrate all tools of management like supply and demand. However, it should be noted that supply chain is different from supply chain management. While the former refers to a chain of organisations, which are linked at least one downstream or upstream flow of information, product or services, among others from raw materials to the consumer, the latter manages the former. Supply chain also includes use of supply chain software.

The software encompasses tool utilised to execute transactions of supply chain. Additionally, the software controls linked business processes as well as manage relationship between suppliers along with other stakeholders (CSCMP, 2013).

Major Historical developments in SCM

SCM has encountered six main developments. These include SCM 2.0, specialisation phase I, specialisation phase II, integration, creation and globalisation eras.

Creation era can be traced to the time of Keith Oliver who coined the term SCM. This happened in 1982. Nonetheless, it should be noted that SCM played an important role way back before the term was coined. This was evidenced when assembly line was created in the 20th century. Creation period was signified through reduction in magnitude and the call for changes in administration practices.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Supply Chain Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second era that followed was the integration era. This era was characterised by technological developments. It brought about the creation of EDI systems in the 1960s as well as the establishment of modern systems like the ERP systems. It was also characterised by cost reduction efforts and value addition. The era continued into the 21st century. It should also be noted that saw growth in internet-based systems (Haag, Cummings, McCubbrey, Pinsonneault


IKEA Company Case Case Study essay help online free

Background IKEA, a leading Swedish home furnishing retailer, was founded in 1943 by Ingvar Kompred with a vision to service young and price-conscious consumers with a wide range of its knock down furniture sold at competitive prices.

Traditionally, IKEA has been known to maintain low-cost operations by contracting and maintaining dedicated independent furniture supplier networks, developing innovative modular designs whose components could be mass produced, maintaining relatively few sales clerks, using a classic cash-and-carry approach to trim costs at a minimum, selling the same type of furniture all around the world to benefit from the economies of scale, using a flat management strategy to enhance fast decision-making processes, abolishing internal budgets to check on expenditure, and utilising inexpensive advertising strategies such as word-of-mouth and limited advertising to promote sales revenue.

Recently, IKEA has been involved in expanding into international markets to reach out more customers and hence leverage its competitive advantage and profits.

For instance, the company succeeded in setting store locations in Switzerland in Germany and even proceeded to become the furniture provider of choice for young and price-conscious customers despite facing supply difficulties as well as cultural and regulatory obstacles in these countries.

Although the company faced minimal entry barriers in many European countries due to its European history and origin, it did receive unique challenges when gaining entry into the American market due to a host of problems as discussed below.

Statement of Problems IKEA faced a host of entry barriers while attempting to gain access to the American market not only due to a diversified population and great cultural diversity demonstrated by potential customers, but also due to strong local competition and imitations. Indeed, the company had not faced such entry barriers before while attempting to gain access to European markets, hence the need for their further exploration. The underlying problems for IKEA’s entry into the American furniture market include:

Creation of stable supply networks – IKEA’s operation costs drastically rose upon entry to the American market because it used to source its products from suppliers in Europe. There were unique logistical problems involved in transporting these products to U.S. markets that guaranteed an attractive consumer base.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More IKEA had to move with speed to recruit local suppliers to reduce the dependency of imports and hence cut down on costs. The U.S. suppliers also needed to be trained on more efficient methods to use in the production of furniture so that quality was not compromised in attempts to cut down on costs.

Product adaptation issues – Upon entry into the American market, IKEA soon realized that some of its products were not reconfigured to the expectations and desires of U.S. customers.

For instance, its European-style beds were somewhat narrower and longer than the standard American beds and hence customers could not buy them despite their high quality and low cost as their existing mattresses and beddings could not fit the beds. Again, IKEA’s management was called to attention to solve the adaptation issues with the view to increasing sales purchases and therefore achieve profitability and competitiveness.

Unique advertising and promotion challenges – IKEA had traditionally relied on word-of-mouth, limited advertising and the use of catalogues delivered free of charge to customers residing in areas where the furniture retailer had set up business.

However, upon gaining entry into the American market, IKEA’s management soon realized that the traditional advertising strategies could not bring positive outcomes in the American market due to a competitive retail market and diversity of the consumers, which made the traditional word-of-mouth advertising less powerful that it had been in ethnically homogenous European countries.

Additionally, many American consumers did not identify with the traditional Moose symbol used in other European countries to advertise IKEA products as it was considered strange, provincial and, in some quarters, projecting the wrong image. These unique promotion and advertising challenges necessitated IKEA’s management to go back to the drawing board and devise advertising strategies that could fit well into the American market.

Floor layout issue – Traditionally, IKEA utilised a floor layout approach that necessitated consumers to obtain an inventory tag number upon deciding what they wanted to purchase and then proceeding to find the kit on the rack in the expansive stores without much assistance from the sales clerks. However, this layout plan proved to be a major problem in the American market owing to customers’ buying behaviour, leading to long queues and declining sales as customers left empty-handed.

We will write a custom Case Study on IKEA Company Case specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Again, this was an issue that IKEA’s management needed to solve to make any headway in the American furniture market. American consumers are averse to long waiting times, hence IKEA’s management was once again tasked with a responsibility of developing and implementing strategies that would reduce the long queues and enhance customer service experience while maintaining operational costs at a minimum.

Non-available stock – this problem was related to the difficulties experienced in the supply chain networks as IKEA attempted to import products from European-based suppliers and furniture makers to stock local stores in diverse locations across the United States. To remain competitive, IKEA had to move fast in the recruitment and training of local suppliers to ensure that listed products were available for the customers when needed.


Skewed Perceptions in Maya Angelou’s Novel “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Literal analysis Skewed perceptions


Work Cited

Introduction Maya Angelou’s novel presents the events of her life as a young African-American woman. Although these events are factual, her description and interpretation of certain characters-even herself- may not be entirely accurate portrayals of people her characters represent.

Therefore, Angelou often depicts herself and other people either more critically or more leniently than an outside source might. Arguably, the author presents skewed perceptions because all the aspects of the people displayed in the novel are in accordance with her perceptions rather than the reality or other people’s point of view.

Literal analysis Skewed perceptions Examples of this skewed perception are observed in the author’s presentation of Maya and Mr. Freeman. Certain scenes with Maya’s grandmother, Momma, are also slanted according to situation. Being so close to the topic, Angelou becomes an unreliable narrator, not because she lies, but because she can only tell the truth as she sees it. In this manner of narration, point of view portrays characters in skewed ways- harsh, lenient, and inconsistent.

Angelou’s narrative readily takes on the critical self-evaluation of children. For instance, she is quick to point out her faults. Angelou takes particular care to recognize her gangly early years. She describes herself as always being too tall, too thin, with hair that manages to be more unreasonable than most (Angelou 2). Early on, Maya imagines herself waking “out of my black ugly dream” (2) and shaking off all signs of her heritage, effectively turning into the classic American standard of beauty: blond hair, blue eyes (2).

This harsh assessment is a testament to growing up in the America during the first half of the nineteenth century; Angelou might be predisposed at a young age to resent her and to admire the lighter aspects of beauty, because in minimizing the humanity of her race, society makes it seem ugly to a young girl. Later, when she is struggling with her place as a woman, not as an African-American, she admires the curves and the breasts of friend who sleeps over with her (she even interprets her envy as lesbianism at one point) (237).

Her brother, Bailey, has “velvet black skin” and “black curls” instead of “steel wool” (17). She has a “blindingly handsome” (45) father and a mother who looks like, but is prettier than, a movie star of their era (99). Besides feel inadequately beautiful in the presence of her family, it is true that part of her self-image comes from others in her town.

Another narrator may see her as budding, the girl who fell in love with Shakespeare (11), who was thoughtful to a fault, and had something to say to the world, not just something to show the world. Later, in another instance of decidedly brutal judgment, Maya encountered Mr. Freeman and went so far as to question her character (71); she wrongly reverses the role of victim to a man who does not deserve it.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With strong feelings of guilt and shame, Angelou’s narration is surprisingly gentle on the figure of Mr. Freeman. Mr. Freeman was introduced to I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by a seven-year-old with no pre-conceptions of him. She called him a “big brown bear” (59) and remarked on his devotion to her mother: “He simply waited for Mother and put his whole self into the waiting” (59). Presented as such, he seemed like a good man-dull but nice.

She revealed that, “He held me so softly that I wished he wouldn’t ever let me go” (61). Even when Mr. Freeman faced jail time, and everyone around her knew what he did was wrong, Maya felt guilty for having promoted the act by feeling loved in his arms (61). When he died, Maya felt that she killed him; she recalls, “He was gone, and a man was dead because I lied” (72).

Another character, Momma, left varying impressions throughout the novel, depending on the time and the person who was present. Even though a white judge mistakenly flattered her, the “powhitetrash children” called Momma by her first name, Annie (22).

Maya admonished them in her narrative by asking, “Who owned the land they lived on? Who forgot more than they would ever learn?” In a quiet way, Maya realized her grandmother achieved a victory- she was happy. It did not matter that a few poor white kids tried to disrespect her. Talking to the woman who introduced Maya to new novels and modes of expression, Momma’s colloquialism became blatant, blaring and shameful. She used “is” instead of “are” to refer to a plural set of people, and Maya is mortally embarrassed.

In front of the “powhitetrash”, Momma seems stoic and impervious; next to Mrs. Flowers, Momma was a woman looking for approval. Finally, when the injustices of their community escalated, Momma reverted to her colossal status as one of the strongest women in Maya’s world. Dr. Lincoln refused to treat Maya; he even insulted the granddaughter and grandmother when they go to see him by reputing that he would rather treat a dog than an African American (160).

From Maya’s point of view, Momma grew to be then feet tall with eight-foot arms, and she forces Dr. Lincoln to leave town (162). Momma served Maya’s impulse to combat the doctor’s racism; she imagined Momma storming in the doctor’s office and revealing her true powers to the man (162).

Conclusion From an in-depth analysis of the autobiography, it is evident that the author’s point of view does not necessarily reflect the reality because she describes her society and her problems based on her own perceptions. Therefore, it is quite accurate to argue that Maya Angelous presents skewed perceptions because all the aspects of the people displayed in the novel are in accordance with her perceptions rather than the reality or other people’s point of view.

We will write a custom Essay on Skewed Perceptions in Maya Angelou’s Novel “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Work Cited Angelou, Maya. I Know Why the Caged Birds Sings. New York: Random House, Inc. 1970. Print.


Money, Motivation and Employee Performance Essay scholarship essay help

Money, motivation and employee performance Money is categorized under financial benefits and rewards in performance management. Money has been used a major source of employee motivation in personnel management for a long time. This is still embraced in contemporary human resource management where the relevance of financial rewards and benefits in employee motivation is emphasized. Awarding employees with financial rewards is an important motivator to employees.

This can be argued from basis of the organizational behavior theories like the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory. According to the theory, basic needs are placed first in the hierarchy. Satisfying the needs of employees should be a priority. Financial benefits and rewards help employees meet most of their basic needs. A salary increment means that an employee can meet an extra basic need, thereby making the employee fairly comfortable to work (Caruth


Demographic Trends in US Economy Deductive Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

The article contends increase in American population will make it difficult to use one marketing strategy to reach the target market. This will be due to the segmentation of the market by different nationality and spending behaviors. In the future, alternative communities are likely to share common values and passions.

The projected increase in the population of Hispanics implies that the niche market will become a mass market. There are possibilities of shortage of resources since the increased population will stretch the natural resources. There are expectations of companies shifting their attention from the 18 to 34 demographics in the next 25 years (Wellner, 2004). A company like Pepsi believes that the target market is not made up of youths only but it is multigenerational.

The article reveals that people over 50 are never old as had been the notion. This implies that people between the age of 50 and 74 will dominate the market; however, the American companies will still consider the 18 to 34 demographics. Companies, therefore, have to strategize on how to reach this group of people in the next 25 years. In addition, the expected decrease in the White population makes companies to reorganize their potential target market.

It means that firms that already targeting the nonwhites will gain competitive advantage in the future. Evidently, the changes in the demographic trends are likely to come from the increased number of the old generation and the reduced number of white Hispanics. Companies that had been targeting the white consumer market will have to change their market focus.

The market will be composed of multigenerational demographic hence forcing firms to create ageless multigenerational brands. Companies are also facing major challenges of producing products that target specific races or producing multiracial products. Since one racial group no longer controls the American market, companies will have to grasp and understand matters of cultural identity through ethnography.

Demographic trends analyze the alterations that can transpire in a demographic population over a given time (Kerin, Hartley


The Clash of Unprovable Universalisms Essay (Article) writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Universalism and the international accepted view

Nature of the global universalism

Universalism and the traditional Islamic thought

Lessons from the clash of universalisms


Introduction It is plainly difficult to establish the relationship between the perceived globally accepted view and the Islamic orthodoxy. For instance, the 9/11 attacks and the war in Iraq are some of the issues which creates a disparity in international and Islamic excepted views respectively.

Western observers have not welcomed the Islamic views. According to their views, all Muslim states should adhere to the rules and values enclosed in the Shari’a law. Consequently, the western observers believe that the difference in opinion can only be solved by replacing their current political system with that which supports human rights law.

Arguably, this has been supported by the fact that the western observers were happy with the Arab spring as it would bring a system of government which supports normal global view of fairness and democracy. Categorically, the western observers believe that the Islamic laws are going against the internationally acceptable principles. On the other hand, Muslims also take their laws to be rights and the universal human rights to be wrong. This creates the conflict between their views and that of the western observers.

Universalism and the international accepted view Many people have been faced with the problem of making concrete conclusions over the general global view that international human rights are common in nature. According to an extensive mainstream international view, the current global human rights law should be considered to be universally applicable.

Consequently, this implies that every person should be entitled to certain rights. Countries which are not able to protect these rights are not considered to be morally upright. Freedom, fairness, and peace can only be achieved by recognizing the importance of the global human rights law. These views are mostly welcomed by the western people who believe that it is globally acceptable for human beings to be given certain basic rights. People are regarded as the real owners of these rights hence they must be protected by their states.

According to religious beliefs, universality of an individual’s rights started from creation. By definition, God is universal in nature hence the rights must also be common as He is the one who created them. Conversely, this theory has got a number of complexities. First, the theory does not make sense to those people who do not believe in the existence of God.

Since people have failed to prove the existence of God, it is also difficult to prove that human rights are universal. According to Judaeo-Christian point of view, there is a huge doubt about God’s opinion on the issue of universal human rights. Therefore, there is also a considerable doubt about the existence of the global human rights laws.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Human condition is also another source of the universality of an individual’s rights. As indicated in the International Bill of Rights, the universality of human rights comes from their inherent nature and equal status. Additionally, it also comes from their dignity and value hence they are considered to have certain rights.

The problem with this theory is that the beliefs are not visible. Subsequently, this makes it difficult for people to trust the theory. The other disadvantage of the theory is that an individual’s statue does not reflect a universal status. For instance, an individual’s acceptance of the current western opinion on an individual’s rights does not reflect the global opinion on the same issue.

Nature of the global universalism Despite the conflicts which arise between Muslims and the international community on human rights, the international community has approved other difficult proposals. One of the proposals is that particular rights, considered to be universally appropriate and valid, exist.

The other preposition is that there exist commonly acceptable and unacceptable principles regarding when a country may lawfully control such rights. Arguably, the Islamic notion that men and women should have dissimilar duties in the family is not commonly accepted. This is because it does not obey the western understanding about the right to equality. Moreover, it restricts people from enjoying their religious freedom.

The universalism allegation of the global human rights law is considered to be strange by many Muslims since it is against the Islamic law. It does not only cover the perception of human rights, but also the nature of a person’s rights. Additionally, it also views Islamic position of not supporting these rights as something not acceptable. Therefore, the above claims have caused the conflict in this context.

Universalism and the traditional Islamic thought A number of errors have been made when speaking about the western accepted view. Islamic orthodoxy should not only be viewed on the negative side, but also on the positive side. For instance, it should be considered that not all Muslims have similar thoughts and their law is open to different opinions and interpretations. Subsequently, a number of these interpretations will make the Islamic law to be in line with the global human rights law than the other existing laws around the world.

God controls the whole world hence all the powers used by people comes from his authority. Therefore, western human rights policies should not only consider their own provisions to validate the universal legality, but also the values of Shari’a law. For instance, the law should be considered to be naturally independent and universally self-legitimizing.

We will write a custom Article on The Clash of Unprovable Universalisms specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to the global human rights, the law must be accepted even in situations where it appears to be unjust. Since people are not able to know what God thinks, his law appears cruel because people have not been able to completely understand the meaning of universal justice. Therefore, instead of criticizing the law, people should carry out more studies to ensure that their minds precisely pinpoint that of God.

According to Muslims, Shari’a law cannot be put into action by a state since it is a secret between the followers and God. Besides, He is the one who created the law hence religious devotees are expected to obey God’s commands and not emphasizing on their individual importance. The traditional Muslim law should be conformed not challenged. This is because the law, like any other law, comes from God who controls all the states.

Lessons from the clash of universalisms It is clear from the article that conflict between western-led global human rights law and the accepted views of Islam contains an opposing faith claim whose validity cannot be proved.

Certain characteristics of Islam law considered to be immoral by the supporters of the intercontinental human rights law may appear strange to some of the Muslims. This is because most of them grew up in such cultural background hence it will not be easy for them to change their belief. Islamic law can make sense when observed from the perspective of ideologies they are based upon.

The law can only be understood by accommodating their fundamentalists’ who believe that the law is collectively right. There are certain moral principles which are considered to be important internationally. Therefore, the values may be characterised as representing the universal law containing basic human courtesy.

Human rights should not be taken as the most appropriate way an individual can obtain a fundamental commonality of ethical decency. For instance, it is a common ethical law that an individual’s life is important hence the law can be put into practice by understanding the right to life. The above accepted view may be similar based on the moral principles under which a community is expected to operate. They only differ when it comes to establishing the procedures of obtaining such care.

Consequently, this is caused by their dissimilar normative starting points. There is a conflict between Islamic law and global human rights law when it comes to establishing justifiable rights. They both believe that some of the rights are not complete hence can be controlled. Therefore, the two only differ when it comes to determining the right time to apply the law restrict freedom.

Conclusion Conclusively, the alleged difference between Islamic law and global human rights law is majorly caused by difference in history and culture. Additionally, western observers still take Islam to be an evil culture which is against the universally correct norms. Islam has really grown in the past years with many followers. It also has its own universal truths which are not in line with those of the international law. Therefore, it is not easy to understand the truth between the Islamic law and the global human rights law.

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The Movie Batman Returns and Its Hero Essay essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

The hero in Batman begins


Works Cited

Introduction The movie Batman Returns is a typical example of how Christopher Vogler’s structures rings true in storytelling. Nonetheless, the director and production team took liberties with the sequences of these occurrences as well as the nature of characters that belong to those categories. In certain circumstances, one may be fooled into thinking that a character is an ally only to realize that he is an adversary. It was these twists and turns that make the movie breathtaking.

The hero in Batman begins Batman begins has all the twelve elements of the Hero’s journey. The story is intertwined by a series of distant and close flashbacks which help to provide a background to the goings in the story. These flashbacks are what reveal the first component of the Hero’s journey; the ordinary world.

Audiences can get a glimpse of Bruce’s earlier life. He seemed happy and fulfilled as a child with both parents until their death. Thereafter, the young man develops a great degree of animosity and hatred towards his parents’ murderer – Joe Chill. One also gets a glimpse of the influential people in his life, such as Alfred Pennyworth and Rachel.

The call to adventure occurs at an early point in the film. During the trial of his parent’s killer, Bruce decides to carry a gun with him into trial. His intention is to shoot the perpetrator if he is acquitted. However, another assassin learns of the wrong and prevents him from this great misdeed. It is at this point that the call to adventure occurs. Rachel tells him that Joe Chill had critical information about Gotham City’s worst drug baron – Carmine Falcone.

He, alongside other hardcore drug lords, was terrorizing the city. They were the real problem, and if Bruce only killed Chill then he would be exerting revenge. Rachel asserted that true justice occurred when hardcore criminal elements like Falcone were captured. Bruce thus realized that Falcone was responsible for the city’s decay. He needed to deal with this man and others like him in order to restore sanity in Gotham (IMBD 18).

In most films, the refusal to call occurs shortly after the call, and Batman Begins is not an exception (Vogler 7). Bruce confronts Falcone at his underground bar and gets beaten by his employees. At this point, he escapes into China where he steals and infiltrates into the criminal underworld. It seems as though the last place one would fight Gotham’s ills would be in China, which was miles away from his home place. Furthermore, he appeared lost and confused when he made this escape.

Bruce then enters the fourth phase of the hero’s journey by meeting with his mentor. This happens when he goes back home and gets introduced to Lucius Fox. The latter individual gives him insights about the goings-on of Wayne Enterprises, and is the one who introduces him to a series of special weapons.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Fox’s ideas lead to formation of the Batman persona since it is his technological inventions that facilitate this transition. It should be noted that at the beginning of the movie, Henri Ducard appears to be the mentor since he teaches Bruce valuable fighting and life lessons. However, later on in the film, one realizes that he was an evil man bent on destroying Gotham city.

The fifth phase of Vogler’s hero’s journey is crossing the threshold. This occurs when Bruce modifies the battle suit, ski mask and other devices from Wayne Enterprises to create a disguise. However, when he first confronts Sergeant Jim Gordon, the story begins to take off from there. Shortly after this phase, Mr. Wayne then enters into the tests and allies stage of the hero’s journey. This occurs when he does his first heroic deed.

Falcone is unloading his drug shipments from a cargo ship; Bruce causes his allies to disappear, ties up Falcone, and disarms the thugs (IMBD 23). At this point, one learns that the hero’s key enemies are the drug dealers, with Falcone as the key suspect. Corrupt police officers such as Arnold Flass are also his adversaries. Conversely, Officer Gordon is his key ally in law enforcement as he is a just officer.

Batman Begins’ sixth phase of the hero’s journey takes place much earlier than one would anticipate (Vogler 20). Batman’s biggest fear is that of bats. It reminds him of his parents’ death and the depression that followed thereafter. When he is back in the League of Shadows, Bruce inhales smoke that causes him to have delusions about bats.

It was at this point that the individual overcomes the phobia, fights Ducard. and wins the sword fight. When he gets back home, he chooses the bat symbol in order to reflect this inner fear. He wanted his enemies to experience the same terror that the bats elicited in him.

The Supreme Ordeal occurs when Ra’s plans on destroying the city using the microwave transmitter. Batman tries to stop him by engaging with him in the train.

There are four League of Shadows members who seem to outnumber and beat Bruce. However, he manages to overcome them but has to deal with the paranoid residents of the city. As Batman enters into the train where Ra’s is located, one gets the sense that things are only going downhill from there. Ra’s even despises Batman by calling him an ‘ordinary man in a cape’ (IMBD 35).

We will write a custom Essay on The Movie Batman Returns and Its Hero specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, the hero proves the audience wrong when he uses a clever tactic to cut off one section of the train. Since the microwave emitter was the prime problem, its destruction through a train explosion marks the emergence of the hero from the near-death experience. This explosion also got rid of Ra’s who had become a source of turmoil in the film. Batman’s ability to come out of this situation proved that he was a hero worth his salt.

The ninth phase of the journey, which is seizing the sword, occurs shortly after beating Ra’s. Bruce talks to Rachel and reconciles with her. She has now learnt that Bruce and Batman are one and the same. Furthermore, she realizes that she had misjudged Bruce’s character on the basis of his drunken escapades (IMBD 41).

This scene ends with the promise of a reunion that could occur when Batman seizes to exist. Vogler explains that a kiss and some wise words are typical in this case. This was true for Batman Begins because she stresses how Batman’s cowl is Bruce’s real identity.

When some evil forces pursue the hero after the seizing-the-sword phase, then this becomes the road back. One may argue that no such phase took place in the film. After Bruce destroyed his adversaries, he only meets with members of Wayne Enterprises as well as Alfred and Sergeant Gordon.

No high-octane action scene follows after his victory (Vogler 26). However, one may also argue that the road-back phase occurs in a mild form through the person of William Earle. He shows up at the Enterprise ready to take on leadership of the corporation. Nonetheless, this chase ends as soon as it begins when William Earle learns that Bruce bought most of the stocks on offer and he has majority control over the enterprise.

The eleventh phase of the hero’s journey is the transformation, which Vogler called the resurrection phase. At this point, Bruce realizes that he is pertinent to the success of Gotham City. He has also learnt about staying true to himself as well as the need to believe in himself. At the beginning of his adventure, Bruce was not sure he could take down such a powerful force as the drug underworld, but through cooperation with his friends, he proved that he could.

In Batman Begins, the last part of the film, which is the return phase, occurs when Bruce uses the experiences he encountered with Ra’s and Falcone to become a better superhero. He knows that criminals are not to be underestimated as they can use as much technology as he does. Gordon highlights this aspect, but Batman seems unfettered by it. He knows that restoring safety in Gotham is an achievable endeavor.

Conclusion The production team of Batman Begins played cleverly with the twelve steps of the hero’s journey. Some steps like the ‘road back’ were almost nonexistent while others were intermingled. For instance, approach to the inmost cave occurs before meeting with the mentor or crossing the threshold.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Movie Batman Returns and Its Hero by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Perhaps more importantly, the most critical phase of the hero’s journey fulfills all expectations of a Supreme Ordeal; it is tension-filled, spirited and full of action. This film has all the phases of the hero’s journey without drawing attention to the structure. The production team had thus perfected their skill.

Works Cited IMBD. Batman Begins (2005) synopsis. 2005. Web.

Vogler, Christopher. A practical guide to Joseph Campbell’s the hero with a thousand faces. 1985. Web.


What It Takes to Kill a Mockingbird: In Search for the Differences between the Novel and a Movie Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The First Difference: The Scene with Camellias

The Second Difference: Fighting for Justice

The Third Difference: A Bedtime Story


Works Cited

Introduction Adapting a novel into a good movie is not an easy task; it is especially difficult when the novel is something like To Kill a Mockingbird. Such novels exist on their own. They do not need to have movies made about them; but when a movie is made, the only way for the latter to justify its existence is to be perfect. If the novel is not broken, no one should try to fix it. Luckily, the adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird is just as brilliant as its original source.

However, to fit the running time, Mulligan has to cut several scenes. Despite the fact that cutting these scenes never hurt the movie canvas, it is actually rather peculiar to consider the implications behind the director’s choices.

The First Difference: The Scene with Camellias Perhaps, the first difference to be named in this list is the conflict between the children and Mrs. Dubose. In the book, the old lady teases the children, being an old and unpleasant scandalmonger. Once after going to a parade with Scout, Jem hits the roof and destroys Mrs. Dubose’s garden of camellias. After being punished and forced to read to Mrs. Dubose, Jem gets to know his enemy better and, much to his surprise, feels that the wall between them starts to ruin.

After her untimely death, Jen finds out that she was also addicted to morphine yet managed to get rid of this habit, and Jem unknowingly helped her to: “She took it as a pain-killer for years. The doctor put her on it. She’d have spent the rest of her life on it and died without so much agony, but she was too contrary—” (Lee 60).The scene in which Jem receives the gift from the deceased, a camellia, and becomes completely overwhelmed, is a very strong moment which, sadly enough, is not represented in the movie.

The Second Difference: Fighting for Justice The characters both in the novel and in the movie were often pushed to the breaking point; however, one of such moments described in the book was left out of the movie. The scene in which Scout fights her cousin and gets punished for it sheds much light on her as an emotional character who will always stand for justice.

The Third Difference: A Bedtime Story The last, but definitely not the least, the final part of the novel, in which Atticus reads Scout Jem’s book does not add much to the plot; neither does it reveal any more significant details about the characters. Therefore, the reasons for Mulligan to leave it out of the film are understood.

However, the story about the Ink Boy, whom Atticus reads about, sums up the whole story in a nutshell: “An‘ they chased him ’n‘ never could catch him ’cause they didn’t know what he looked like, an‘ Atticus, when they finally saw him, why he hadn’t done any of those things… Atticus, he was real nice…” (Lee 49).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is clear that Harper Lee wanted to reiterate the key message of the novel in the final chapter; however, while looking natural and touching in a book, the given scene would have looked redundant after a nonetheless touching moment of Scout talking to Boo Radley.

Conclusion It can be assumed that the aforementioned scenes would have hardly made the movie any more impressive than it already is. Introducing these plotlines would be rather challenging, since these scenes would have added more subplots to the film, making it unnecessarily complicated.

Works Cited Lee, Harper Nelle. To Kill a Mockingbird. 1960. Web.

Mulligan, Robert (Prod. and Dir.). To Kill a Mockingbird. Hollywood, CA: Universal Studios. 1962. DVD. 22 Jun. 2013.


Moving from an International to a Transnational Entity Essay argumentative essay help

Understanding the process of changing from an international into transnational status is essential for the success of ACME. The process is a complex one since the level of expertise required for managing transnational organisations is higher that for managing international organisations. International organisations are exporters and importers, and they do not invest in foreign nations. Transnational organisations investment in other countries and have central corporate facilities.

Currently, ACME Computers has no investment outside the United States. In addition, the intranet company has no legal rights to invest abroad. However, as an international company, it has sufficient knowledge regarding management of cultural and social diversities.

For ACME Computers to transform into a transnational organisation, it needs to carryout research to determine the best market for its products prior to applying for trade permit. According to Gotz and Haggren (2009), organisations planning to invest globally should assess the impact of cultural, economic and legal factors on their business strategies. Subsequently, they need to seek permission to invest in foreign countries from those particular countries.

ACME will need to reorganize its management structure to accommodate the interest of new stakeholders and meet new objectives of the business. The organisation needs to amalgamate domestic and international components of the business through all its ranks of leadership (Helpman, 2011). In addition, the organisation should develop effective systems for managing virtual teams and social cultural diversities over an extensive geographical space to accommodate expertise from around the world.

Transnational organisations need to consider implications of cultural, social, legal factors on their operations. The intranet organisation should develop strategies that can sustain business continuity and reduce the consequences of risks such as fire outbreak or flooding. Operating a number of head offices in different countries makes it exceptionally easy to restore operation in an office that has been affected negatively by various factors by utilizing resources in other countries.

Transnational organisations have the ability to manage risks more easily (Linton, 2012). They use cost structures in foreign countries that are lower than cost structures available domestically. They trade in countries with competitive currency exchange rates to experience lower property prices and low employment wages. The intranet organisation, by investing in other nations, will have the opportunity to determine cost-effective structures.

Managing social cultural diversities effectively in a transnational organisation is useful for helping enhance communication flow, interdependence among corporate structures and policy adaptation. In addition, comprehending attitude and norm differences of various groups of employees and building on the study of management experts is critical for the success of transnational organisations (Coleman and Underhill, 2002).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More ACME need to have plans to manage social differences. An effective solution is integrating essential elements of culture into development plan, communication and its code of conduct. Notably, ACME will need to meet the demands of more global clients. As a result, it will have to improve information sharing to build and sustain market leadership. Deloitte invested in a global intranet. It enhanced information sharing and has built and maintained it position a market leader (White, 2011).

Legal considerations also have an impact in the success of the intranet organisation. The United States has strict laws on information privacy. Countries have different laws governing privacy. The organisation should ensure it complies with all necessary laws to increase chances of meeting its trade objectives (White, 2011).

Notably, global integration and local acuity will play an essential role in enabling the organisation to meet its targets. The world has become integrated through advancements in communication, transportation, and technology. Hoekman (2006) says that improvements in science and technology make it easy for international entities to transform into transnational entities. Globalisation enables transnational organisations such as ACME to take advantage of the low cost of labour in developing countries and maximize profits.

However, since certain regions are sufficiently endowed with resources while others are not, the organisation should have local acuity to understand different market segments. It should understand the strengths and weaknesses of local employment pools by carrying out analysis on technical knowledge and expertise among employees.

This is essential for evading the consequence of inability to fill certain positions that require high degree of technical proficiency. ACME should also evaluate the impact of language barriers, cultural differences, legal retirements and political atmosphere on its business operations. These factors can lower the quality of work and lead to business failure (Marulanda, 2010).

The process of transforming from international organisation to transnational organization status requires the organisation to have an in-depth understanding of the global market and work closely with host countries. ACME should comply with regulation imposed by the host countries. The organisation should also have enough resources to manage its virtual stakeholders and trade cost-effectively.

References Coleman, W. D.,


Impact of Technology Essay essay help

Introduction Before civilization, people used primitive means of long distance communication. Smoke signal was one of major means of long distance communication. The major limitation of ancient means of communication is that they could reach a limited number of people. In the modern world, people use various technological devices for communication. These include the internet, television, radio, and cell phone. These devices have helped in bridging the gap of space and time.

They have enabled people who are thousands of miles apart to communicate in real time (Mehlenbacher 2). Technological devices have affected all spheres of life of people in the modern world. Technological advances have not been entirely beneficial. Various studies show that use of various technological devices may be detrimental to the social and intellectual development of an individual.

Mobile devices are some of the revolutionary device of the contemporary world. The smart phone and tablet computer are the most recent mobile communication devices. The cell phone has become a constant companion of most people. It is among the first technological devices that most people use after waking up. In addition, it is among the last devices that most people use before going to sleep. In the contemporary world, use of cell phone has become a natural instinct.

Some people may shudder at the thought of not being able to access their phones. The cell phone enables people to connect with their family, friends, and business associates (Ling 25). Technological devices may have a negative effect on the life of an individual. A study found out that Japanese children who had cell phones were less likely to form friendships with those who did not have cell phones.

This is also applicable to children in other countries. This is a clear illustration that cell phones have a negative effect on the social development of children. Development of social skills is vital in the future life of the children. Social skills enable people to navigate through difficult situations. A sizeable percentage of people use multiple cell phones. A study showed that twenty-five percent of Italian adolescents had multiple phones.

Multiple phones increase the time that people spend on their phones. On the other hand, a different study showed that 36 percent of British college students “could not survive without cell phones” (Birdwell para 11). The study showed that 7% of people lost their jobs or relationships due to the use of mobile phones (Birdwell para 12). This is a clear indication that cell phones and other mobile devices have a negative effect on the social life of an individual.

The internet is the latest series of technological developments that revolutionized the world. The internet affects almost all spheres of life of the modern day individual. The internet provides people with a vast amount of information. Despite the large amount of information that the internet provides to people, research shows that the internet may have a negative effect on the intellectual ability of an individual. Technological devices provide unnecessary distractions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These distractions include emails, alerts, and other messages. In addition, information on the internet may contain many links that offer distractions to readers. Frequent distractions limit the ability of individuals to focus their thoughts on one issue. This has a negative effect on the intellectual capability of an individual (Carr para 3). Scientists believe that brain cells adapt readily to the tools that people use. Therefore, certain technological developments may enhance certain neural pathways while weakening others (Carr para 10).

Rapid advancements in technology have had a great impact on education. Education uses several technological tools. These tools enable students to understand various complex concepts easily. However, misuse of technology in the classroom setting may have a negative impact on education. In the contemporary world, it is common for students to text and use the internet during classes. This reduces their concentration levels.

In addition, text messages and online chatting have a negative effect on the ability of students to learn grammar. The wording of text messages and online ‘chats’ does usually follow grammatical rules. The use of technological devices may have a negative effect on the productivity of people. Teenagers spend a sizeable amount of their time playing video games. This limits the time that they use to enrich their knowledge.

Use of the internet has encouraged intellectual laziness. Technology enables people to store information. Therefore, it may make people be dependent on the technological devices to undertake their daily activities. Technology may have a negative effect on the learning priorities of children. It has changed the focus of learners. Learners only focus on where they may find information instead of focusing on the content of the information.

This may have a negative effect on the intellectual development of the learners. Technology provides people with tools for accessing, sharing, and storing information (Cash 12). Time will tell whether the information privilege will have a positive or negative impact on the social and intellectual capabilities of the next generation.

Works Cited Birdwell, Frawley. ‘Addicted to phones? Cell phone use becoming a major problem for some, expert says’, University of Florida News, 18 January 2007. Web.

Carr, Nicholas. ‘Does the internet make you dumber?’ The Wall Street Journal, 5 June 2010. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Impact of Technology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cash, Richard M. Advancing differentiation: Thinking and learning for the 21st century, Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, 2011. Print.

Ling, Rich. The mobile connection: The cell phone’s impact on society, San Francisco, Morgan Kaufmann, 2004. Print.

Mehlenbacher, Brad. Instruction and technology: Designs for everyday learning, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2010. Print.

Pinker, Steven. ‘Mind over mass media’, The New York Times, 10 June 2012. Web.


Comparing Judaism and Islam Research Paper college essay help: college essay help

Introduction The ancient world might have been much influential in the modern living and it has greatly determined the current relationship amongst tribes, religions, and even global connection. Judaism and Islam have been among the earliest religions that have existed with their relationship in the current days indicating a subtle connection between them (Catherwood 12).

It has been eminent in recent decades that the world has been witnessing interminable controversies between followers of Judaism and Islam arising from the two religions especially those located in Israel and Palestine where such cases have turned into international concerns (Schwab et al. 4). Confrontations between the two religions do not simply result into strained religious relations, but normally lead to violence and death.

Nonetheless, a closer view of the historical backdrop of the two religions reveals a remarkable connection between them, contrarily to how they behave presently. Therefore, this research seeks to explain why mutual respect is possible, and at the same time why conflict is inevitable.

Common beliefs shared between Islam and Judaism Despite having interreligious differences in the current days, history depicts that there has existed a great connection between amongst religions, viz. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in the wisdom that in most cases the three religions share numerous common beliefs and practices (Brockopp et al. 10).

Rather, “Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are traditional in a more complex and encompassing way…they do indeed preserve centuries of accumulated judgments about the value of certain beliefs and behaviors” (Corrigan et al. 1). The connection amongst these religions steams from the biblical perspective to historical standards of living in which they became collectively known as “Abrahamic religions” as postulated by Catherwood (21).

This assertion holds because the three religions stream their religious philosophies from the covenantal life made between God and Abraham in the Hebrew Bible including all its teachings. While trying to understand how these religions, especially Judaism and Islam, correlate spiritually and historically, one common term, viz. monotheism or monotheistic religions, is integral to developing a comprehensive understanding.

Monotheism or monotheistic religion The contemporary conflict between Judaism and Islam may bar anyone from understanding the existing correlation between them, though understanding monotheism or monotheistic religions may be imperative in this case.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Schwab et al. posit, “At the heart of the two faiths is an ethical-monotheistic vision that determinedly resists any compromise on the idea of the transcendence and unity of God” (63). Monotheism typically refers to the religious beliefs or philosophies based on the existence of single or solitary God who they believe is most holy and powerful.

According to the intuitions of the two religions, there is only one God, who is the sole creator of the universe and the world. They believe that God is the only Supreme Being and human history is just akin in all these religions and that Satanism, resurrection of Jesus, life after death, existence of prophets, and even resurrection are religious aspects(Neusner and Sonn 9), because these religions share common beliefs and traditions accustomed to Abraham.

Central practices of prayer and almsgiving Giving a closer look at the shared practices between the Muslims and Jews, one might conjecture what is really causing conflict between the two religions. Two common practices and tradition shared between Muslims and Jews are prayer and almsgiving that are on common observation and remain respected among the traditions and beliefs of these religions (Catherwood 17).

Ritual praying are common in both religions where adherents pray for forgiveness of sins, thanksgiving to the only Holy God, recitation of common prayers in scriptures, and praying during particular religious functions (Brockopp et al. 31).

Angels and demons all exist spiritually where prayer in both religions involves these spiritual beings. The two religions also acknowledge the essence of considering the disabled and the poor and in this case questions are arising on who between them deems more considerate. They both agree with the practice of giving alms to the poor.

Elements of ritual cleanliness, fasting, eternal life and nutritional regulations Most common to the practices and traditions of the two religions is the “aspects of ritual purity, the practice of fasting, and the presence of dietary laws” (Corrigan et al. 4).

They have a notion that God is the Supreme Being and human history lies in the hands of God’s supremacy and wheneveradherents disobey His will, there is a need totake appropriate actions to repent through ritual cleansing, prayers, and thanksgiving practices (Schwab et al. 5).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Comparing Judaism and Islam specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Fasting is the practice where adherents plan special prayer occasions with Muslims believing that meals during the fasting should be taken during the night, while Jew have a different opinion in this tradition.

The aspect of the afterlife in eternity is a common belief with the two religions believing that there is eternity after life in eternal paradise in Muslims and either heaven or no afterlife in Jews (Brockopp et al. 19). Each of the religions observes dietary practices where calendars of religious festivals including marriage and divorce are common.

Relationship confirmed from the religious scriptures The correlation between Judaism and Islam is not merely a connation bestowed in the modern teachings of priests, Imams, or even false prophets, but the relationship between Jews and Muslim has been evident from human history as it prevails in almost all Holy Scriptures of these religions (Catherwood 29).

Both the Quran and the Bible have been reflective on the aspects relating to common beliefs and traditions including important teachings that connect the two religions from religious to historical perspectives. Another common interconnection between Judaism and Islam or simply between the practices accustomed to Muslims and Jewish adherents is the prevalence of Hebrew teachings that seem contradictive in both faiths (Brockopp et al. 15).

Central to this aspect, it is important to consider Quran views on Abraham’s stories as well as how it interprets biblical stories of Isaac and Ishmael, Abraham’s sons. It is also noteworthy to consider how Islam interprets itself regarding Judaism from its holy scriptures including the Quran.

Quran interpretations of the biblical stories of Abraham Quran refers to the spiritual scriptures used by Muslim adherents and bestow the belief that it possesses the verbatim word of God, while Judaism adherents use the Bible as a holy scripture. Before commencing, it is important to understand that Islam is more prevalent in Middle East and Southeast Asia, while Judaism seems concentrated in the US, Israel, and parts of Europe (Brockopp et al. 19).

The connection between religious practices associating Judaism and Islam remains evident in a number of scriptures that discuss similar issues including Hebrew’s bible or Hebrews Pentateuch (the Torah) and the Koran.

The Quran interpretations of the biblical stories of Abraham are imperative in understanding this connection. Just as postulated earlier that both Judaism and Islam belong to the monotheistic religion, the two religions have similar perceptions about the story of Abraham’s obedience to God’s holy summon. The Koran interprets that Abraham (in Judaism) who in Muslim bears the name Ibrahim, was neither a Jew nor Christian, but Muslim because he submitted to Allah.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Comparing Judaism and Islam by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Quran interpretations of the biblical stories of Isaac and Ishmael Another crucial potion that may give a considerable reflection on the connection between Judaism and Islam that influences the rapport between the Israeli state and Palestinian Arabs is how Quran interprets the biblical stories of Isaac and Ishmael.

Just as noted earlier, “much the same religious narrative and similar religious injunctions are found in the Hebrew Pentateuch (the Torah) and the Koran” (Schwab et al. 63). Isaac is an important actor in the practices and beliefs of the two religions, though they carry quite different opinions in these religions.

The story still lies within the descriptions of Torah concerning God’s promises and series of covenants to the land of Israel. Isaac was the son of Abraham (Catherwood 28). Both religions believe that God ordered Abraham/Ibrahim to sacrifice his son, but instead provided him with a lamb for the purpose of ritual sacrifice. These notions, as embedded in the traditions and religious beliefs of Genesis of Abraham, are agreeable in the two religions.

However, a contradiction in the story of Abraham and his two sons Isaac and Ismail between the Jews and Muslims is that Jews’ traditions in Bible believe that God ordered Abraham to sacrifice Isaac while Muslims’ traditions believe that God ordered Ibrahim to sacrifice Ishmael as his only beloved son (Brockopp et al. 10).

Therefore, in this regard, the Muslim community conviction is that Ismail is the father of the Arab people who are staunch Muslims, while they regard Isaac as the progenitor of the Israelites who are staunch Jews by religion (Catherwood 27).

This perspective brings a confusion and disagreement between the two religions on who between the two sons of Abraham in Jewish and Ibrahim in Islam deserved to undergo the sacrifice torment. From their standpoint and perceptions, Corrigan et al (15) explains that Ibrahim was never the first Jew and thus he was a staunch Muslim in which the modern Muslim community it remains misconstrued between Jewish and Muslim exegesis.

Why conflict is still inevitable between these religions One might wonder why the continued conflict between Judaism and Islam continues to attract much attention, but considering aspects of religious differences, it may be clear that conflict is still inevitable between these religions (Catherwood 23).

The prevailing controversies might not have resulted really from the political influences between the West and the Muslim world countries, but much of the religious convictions might be greatly fuelling conflicts between these religions (Swab et al. 8). The Holy Scriptures between the two religions, with one using the Koran and the other using the Bible, and the stories that each portray have a momentous impact on the prevailing conflict between these religions.

Both religions have the perceptions that scriptures and their interpretations in the two religions emerge due to formal or informal decisions of these two communities, and bore no evident realities (Corrigan et al. 4). Since the two religions constantly disagree on certain important aspects of religious convictions, this element becomes the source of conflict.

How Judaism interprets itself with a view to Islam While trying to comprehend why the conflict is still inevitable between these religions, one must consider Judaism’s perception over the Islamic religion streaming from scriptural interpretations and beliefs (Brockopp et al. 15). Coupled with international politics where Judaism and Christianity seem to have power over the Western nations, Corrigan et al. assert, “different segments of larger communities (between Judaism and Islam) might dispute whether this or that writing is truly authoritative for all members” (4).

Judaism interprets the views of the scriptures and beliefs of Muslim and deceitful, unrealistic, and that the Muslim community is just but a religion full of false faith with counterfeit prophets who have emerged to destroy Judaism (Catherwood 33). The Jewish view the Muslim community as a community involving inhumane individuals influenced by wrong Prophetic judgments of the scriptures, with the ability to disregard the significance of quality of life as expected by both religions.

How Islam interprets itself with a view to Judaism The Jewish perception of God, the prophecy surrounding Jesus, and faith in the divinity of Muhammad and God influences the differences between the two religions. The disparities between the two religions are fuelled by the intuitions bestowed in both religions and the Jewish misinterpretation of Islamic views of spiritual living (Neusner and Sonn 20).

The belief in Islam rests upon one individual true prophet who is Muhammad and that Jesus in the Jewish biblical interpretations is false and misleading the world. The Muslim scriptures were written under the influence of Mohammad and as the Jewish community believes in divine revelation and forgiveness in relation to God’s role in salvation, the Islam community believes in predestination (Brockopp et al. 23).

This Muslim notion, coupled with several contradictions between their beliefs in the stories regarding prominent people in the Bible and Quran, is influencing the disparities between these two distinct religions. Jesus, who is a prophet according to Muslims, is just a false notion to the Jews.

Conclusion The world in the current days has been witnessing continuous decline in the rapport between the West and the Muslim world with much of such circumstances remaining unknown to the public. Since the events of September 11 in the United States, political leaders have been findings ways to establish common grounds for the West and the Muslim world nations and dialogue strategies are becoming essential.

There seem to be a great connection between the conflicts arising from the Israel/Palestine nations and their religious differences that stream right from the scriptural beliefs and interpretation of historical events that concerned prominent people. The two religions have the notions that any of the texts regarded as scriptures emerged from communities’ formal or informal decisions and that do not have any proof of existence of such occasions, events, or traditions.

This area is normally the source of the underlying conflict between the two religions as they dispute which writing proves authoritative for all adherents. The stories of Abraham and his two sons are common grounds of contradiction between these two religions. Given that the two religions have decided to remain fixed on their traditions and beliefs, the conflict between them is inevitable.

Works Cited Brockopp, Jonathan, Jacob Neusner, and Tamara Sonn. Judaism and Islam in Practice: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Catherwood, Christopher. A God Divided: Understanding the Differences Between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Colorado: David C. Cook Publishing, 2007. Print.

Corrigan, John, Frederic Denney, Carlos Eire, and Martin Jaffee. Jews, Christians, Muslims: A Comparative Introduction to Monotheistic Religions. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2011. Print.

Neusner, Jacob, and Tamara Sonn. Comparing Religions through Law: Judaism and Islam. London: Routledge, 2002. Print.

Schwab, Klaus, Rick Samans, Fiona Paua, Sherif Diwany 2008, Islam and the West: Annual Report on the State of Dialogue. PDF file. Web.


The Technology’s Influence on Lives Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents Cell phones and human behaviour

Robotic Technology: The search for a ‘human’ robot

Conclusion: Technology, Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde?

Works Cited

One of the peculiar traits of modern man is his reliance on technology. Moreover, “we envision a future surrounded by technology however we fail to envision the psychological impact [sic]” (Integer post 1).

Indeed, are current developments suggestive of a need to step back and re-evaluate our relationship with technology? In this essay, I will demonstrate the influence of technology in our lives first by looking at the current phenomenon of phone addiction and proceed to show its continued significance in the developing field of humanoid robotics.

In the first section, I explore how phones have developed from simple communication devices to sophisticated gadgets that not only serve a basic human need, but also tools of profound influence to human behaviour; so much so that “they are actually beginning to interfere in the lives of users who don’t know when to turn them off” (qtd. in Birdwell par. 2).

In the second part, I lay forth an extensive examination of how robotic science, and artificial intelligence by extension, has developed to the present day. Again, I will show how research in robotic science points to an ever increasing importance of technology in human life. In the article Humanoid Robotics, Wadsworth and Few (par. 9) points out that “problems that arise from new technologies are often met with more complex and daring technologies”, accurately encapsulating the central concern in this paper.

Cell phones and human behaviour Cell phone use seems to be a very important part of our lives. April Birdwell, in the article ‘Addicted to Cell phones?’ argues that cell phones extend beyond their use as communication devices. It’s noted that for most people, switching off the phone for even a short period of time, is enough to cause anxiety (Birdwell par. 1). This phenomenon, with varying severity in different people, has caused experts to worry, citing withdrawal symptoms similar to those found among addicts. Moreover, it appears that cell phone addiction is on the rise.

In findings by a Japanese study, it was noted that children who had cell phones often did not make “friends with their less tech-savvy peers…” (qtd. in Birdwell par. 9). A caveat should be issued however. Bad cell phone habits may not necessarily point to an addiction (Birdwell par. 11). Though true, this is challenged by the fact that “…as with traditional addictions, excessive cell phone use is associated with certain hallmark patterns of [addictive] behaviour…” (qtd. in Birdwell par. 13).

Addictive tendencies seems to parallel our mental orientation however (Spiegel par. 9). Interestingly, Spiegel (par 11) ventures the thought that perhaps we are slowly turning to ‘cyborgs’ (part human part computer). Be that as it may, there is also the important suggestion that we must consider the psychological implications of technology to human behaviour (Spiegel par. 17).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Robotic Technology: The search for a ‘human’ robot Are robots, especially as they are envisioned, necessary in a planet of around 8 billion human beings? Wadsworth and Few (par. 1), in their ‘Humanoid Robotics’, think they are not. This notwithstanding, they draw a parallel with the development of the internet to conclude that ‘social’ robotic technology will continue to evolve, despite the irony of a ballooning human population (Wadsworth and Few par. 4).

As illustrated in robotic technology, current research seeks to upgrade robots to have emotive qualities. The idea is to develop robots with which human beings are able to form relationships. A striking attempt in this direction is the Geminoid HI-1, developed by Hiroshi Ishiguro at ATR Intelligent Robotics and Communication Laboratories in Japan. Ishiguro’s ‘twin’, Geminoid HI-1 is able to elicit empathetic reaction from people.

Foreseeing such developments, Ruz Kurtwell, in his 2005 book ‘The Singularity is Near’, predicted that “extending our intelligence by reverse engineering it, modelling it, simulating it…and modifying and extending it is the next step in [human] evolution” (qtd. in Bond par. 4). Quite clearly, robotic technology seems headed towards creating efficient robots with human-like qualities (qtd. in Bond par. 12).

Conclusion: Technology, Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde? These two apparently unrelated illustrations point to one undeniable fact: technology is integral to human society. This is perhaps not difficult to understand if the writings of Norbert Weiner, father of computer technology, are put into perspective. Weiner, a scholar during the mid 40’s, put forward a philosophical thesis, cybernetics (from Greek the word for the pilot of a ship), that would lay the groundwork for technological development (Bynum par.10).

Though the ‘cybernetic’ view of human nature has been established, a corresponding and rigorous ethical tradition, establishing our relation to technological output is yet to take root. The question thus becomes, is technology good or bad? Is it both? How can we harness the good in technology to counter the bad?

These questions highlight the complexity of technological development and the need to define ethical parameters that will guide our use and development of technology. Indeed, it is high time we re-evaluated our relationship with technology.

Works Cited Birdwell, April Frawley. Addicted to Phones? 2007. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on The Technology’s Influence on Lives specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bond, Michael. Smart Robots. Engineering and Technology Magazine. 4.9 (2009): n.pag. The Institute of Engineering and Technology. Web.

Bynum, Terrell. Computer and Information Ethics. The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. 2011. Web.

Integer. “Re: Effects of Technology and media on our society” Philosophy Forums. 2012. Web.

Spiegel, Jeremy. Hanging Up On Cell Phone Addiction. 2012. Web.

Wadsworth, Derek and Few, Doug. Humanoid Robotics: Ethical Considerations. Web.


A Perky Way to Productivity Case Study best college essay help: best college essay help

1.One of the key responsibilities of human resource management in any organization is to keep the employees happy and contended. Most employees are never always motivated by the paychecks but rather by the perks awarded alongside the paychecks. Acceptance and appreciation greatly boost the employee morale. This in return leads to reduced turnover rates as well as cutting down hiring costs. Thus, giving perks to employees will also help to create employee security.

For instance, an employee will not perform to perfection if he or she is continuously distracted by concerns of child care, medical responsibilities, and entertainment needs, among other domestic responsibilities. Any effort in line with providing solutions to these concerns will not only relieve the employees of their worries but make it look like they are well taken care of. This will help keep the employees committed to their duties and responsibilities. The end result will be reduced chances of employees seeking appointments elsewhere even if the current appointment could be earning less.

Giving employees perks as incentives alongside their salary will increase employee confidence and loyalty to the organization, boost the working morale and create a mutually interactive and friendly working environment for the employees. This will result in better performance of the organization towards its objective achievement.

2. Genentech and Zappos are two examples of companies using employee perks as motivating tools for their employees. Genentech Company has gone an extra mile in its concern for employee treatments.

Retirement and health care allowances are considered ordinary traditional benefits that are given by any sensible company to its employees. Genentech has done something extraordinary in order to stand out in terms of employee treatment by offering childcare during the day, free snacks, pet insurance, mothers nursing services and flexible scheduling among others. These are exceptional perks that are not offered by other companies. Thus, most employees of Genentech will resist the urge to seek employment elsewhere lest they forego these extraordinary perks.

On the other hand, Zappos has invested greatly in employee bonding, fostering a team building culture and interactive atmosphere amongst its employees. It offers more lucrative social welfare perks including; pajama parties, regular happy hours and nap rooms to its fun loving employees to ensure an always jovial and happy employee fraternity.

Therefore, it becomes virtually hard for an employee to ditch such perks for another company offering hefty paychecks but without such allowances. In a harsh economy that pauses huge and competitive expenses in hiring employees, the two companies have successfully won their employees’ trust and in the process retaining them, hence resulting in lower turnover rates as well as controlled wage bills.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More 3. The two cases of employee treatment depicted by Genentech and Zappos can be adopted by any other company that seeks to lower its turnover rates without necessarily offering hefty paychecks to its employees. An organization that has successfully retained its quality employees finds it easy to attain its organizational goals. The only way to do this as practiced by most companies, is by upwardly revising the employees’ paychecks.

Genentech and Zappos offer alternative approaches that will see companies retain their quality employees and still survive the harsh economies. The incentives offered by the two companies to their employees, are spread equally across the whole employee fraternity without discrimination. This is cheaper for the company in the long run as compared to scenarios where each individual employee would have their paycheck increased. Hence, such incentives can still be used by other companies to boost their employee morale.


Ethical Problem – Tony Nicklinson’s Legal Battle Essay essay help online: essay help online

The August 17, 2012 edition of the Daily Mail carried an article by Steve Doughty and Mario Ledwith, which was entitled “Tears of desperate locked-in syndrome sufferer Tony Nicklinson as High Court rules he can’t ask a doctor to end his life.” The article described Tony Nicklinson’s legal battle to get assistance to end his life.

He was a 58-year-old British citizen who worked as an engineer for a construction company in the Middle East. Nicklinson suffered from a severe stroke that made him unable to perform even basic tasks. He could not speak or move. He could only make small movements using his head and eyes. Nicklinson used a computer program to communicate using the little movements he could perform. Due to the ailment, he needed 24-hour care.

Before the illness, Nicklinson had a very active and rich for events life. The considered article contained several pictures that portrayed his active life prior to the disease. There are pictures of Nicklinson riding a quad bike, parachuting, and enjoying family moments. The ailment made Nicklinson’s life unbearable, so he claimed that the ailment had condemned him to “a life of increasing indignity and misery” (Doughty and Ledwith para 3). Therefore, the man sought assistance to end his life.

For two years Nicklinson had been trying to persuade the High Court judges to rule that “if, and when, he decides he wants to die, doctors will be immune from prosecution if they help him” (Doughty and Ledwith para 7). However, the judges denied his request. According to the High Court judges, only the British parliament could change the law on murder.

Therefore, it was illegal for anybody to assist Nicklinson to kill himself. The judges stated that Nicklinson could only perform a suicide through starvation. The ruling condemned Nicklinson to a life where he would be dependent on other people for all his needs. His wife, Jane, and his two daughters, Beth and Lauren, supported his quest too.

Tony Nicklinson cited Article eight of the European Human Rights Charter in asking the court to grant him the possibility of an assisted suicide. The prosecution joined Nicklinson’s case with that of another man who also had ‘locked-in syndrome’ but chose to remain anonymous. The judges ruled that the plight of the two men was ‘deeply moving’ as the men did not have control over their lives.

However, the law did not allow the judges to grant them their wishes. According to the judges, the decision to satisfy the men’s wishes would have far-reaching effects. Right to life campaigners supported the ruling. They claimed the ruling would put an end to a series of lawsuits on assisted suicide. Nicklinson vowed to appeal the ruling, however, he died a few days later due to pneumonia and starvation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The article mentioned before highlights the dilemma that the judges faced. It is a fact that Nicklinson led a very uncomfortable life as it changed a lot after he started suffering from ‘locked-in’ syndrome. Nevertheless, the ailment relegated him to a life where he was dependant on other people for all his needs.

Undoubtedly, this made Nicklinson very uncomfortable, therefore, he sought assistance to end his life. It is worth mentioning that ending the life of another individual is morally and legally wrong. However, according to Tony Nicklinson, he did not deserve to lead the life he was experiencing. So, ending his life would alleviate the suffering that he endured on a daily basis.

People should engage in activities that have positive effects on other people. People should ensure that their activities lead to the happiness of as many people as possible. However, there are certain activities that have positive effects on some people and negative effects on others at the same time. As well, there are instances when the activity benefits many people but have a negative effect on the doer of it. This raises the question of whether it is ethical for an individual to engage in the activities in spite of the effect made.

Utilitarian ethics dictate that people should performed activities that bring happiness or joy to most people regardless of the personal preference of the individual. According to utilitarianism principles, the outcome of an action determines its morality. Utilitarianism holds that moral actions should bring happiness to the greatest number of people and the consequences of an action determine whether it is morally right or wrong (Edwards 38).

It is a fact that the law prohibited the judges from facilitating an assisted suicide. However, the law cannot be considered as fair. Tony Nicklinson had ‘locked-in’ syndrome that made him unable to undertake even basic tasks. The British law does not criminalize suicide but Nicklinson’s condition made him incapable of committing suicide. This prompted him to go to the court in order to obtain the right to have an assisted suicide and his family was supportive in his decision. Therefore, it was wrong for the court to deny his request.

According to utilitarian rules, the consequences of an action should lead to the greatest good. It is a fact that Tony Nicklinson has so much suffering. Therefore, granting him the right to have assisted suicide would ease the pain that he undergoes daily. The ailment caused mental anguish to Nicklinson’s family members. They had to take care of him daily as the ‘locked-in’ syndrome is incurable. This would have prolonged his suffering. Thus, assisted suicide is the only action that would have led to the greatest good for him.

Taking care of Nicklinson was emotionally draining to the family members as well. He was once an active individual who took care of his family. Family members supported his decision to have assisted suicide. Therefore, it was not morally wrong for the judge not to grant him his wishes.

We will write a custom Essay on Ethical Problem – Tony Nicklinson’s Legal Battle specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Assisted suicide would have ended the suffering that the family had endured. Denying Tony Nicklinson the right to have an assisted suicide would have prolonged his suffering. However, it would have been wrong to give Nicklinson the right to commit an assisted suicide if his family did not support his decision. In addition, it would have been morally wrong to give Nicklinson the right to have an assisted suicide if he did not have a terminal illness.

The law should provide people who are in a situation that is similar to Tony Nicklinson’s the right to have an assisted suicide. The inability to do that forced the man to lead a life that he did not desire. In addition, such an outcome of the judges decision would have ended the mental anguish of his family.

Works Cited Doughty, Steve and Mario Ledwith. “Tears of desperate locked-in syndrome sufferer Tony Nicklinson as High Court rules he CAN’T ask a doctor to end his life”. Daily Mail. 17.8 (2012). Web.

Edwards, Linda. A brief guide to beliefs: Ideas, theologies, mysteries, and movements. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001. Print.


Legal Challenge: Maple Leaf Shoes Ltd and Code of Conduct Case Study argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Problem Statement

Analysis of Alternatives



Introduction There is a case of sexual harassment at Maple Leaf Shoes Ltd. At a workplace, sexual harassment usually comes from colleagues and supervisors. In the case study, Rosetta’s colleagues are the source of sexual harassment to her. Stereotyping, norms, behaviors, poor communications, and inconsequential responses are the main factors that encourage sexual harassment at the workplace. The behavior may persist if no one intervenes or take any meaningful action.

Workplace sexual harassment can assume several forms. In the case study, Rosetta’s sexual harassment includes unwelcome jokes, explicit sexual comments, displaying centerfolds, sexist comments, innuendoes, derogatory comments about her Italian background and Italian men.

There are other forms, which include sexual assault, rape, fondling, demands for sexual favors, inappropriate touching, catcalls, leering, and unwanted flirting among others. Although Rosetta did not experience the latter group, it is important to point out that uncontrolled sexual harassment usually gets worse as the behavior gains momentum.

One must also point out that consensual sex, physical attraction, affection, and mutually encouraged flirting do not qualify to be acts of workplace sexual harassment. Although workplace harassment persists, it is illegal. The Criminal Code of Conduct, the Canadian Human Rights Act, and the Canadian Labor Code have all outlawed workplace sexual harassment.

Given the legal position of Canada on workplace sexual harassment, Rosetta’s male colleagues should face charges or warnings from the supervisor, Al. However, Al assumed that the complaints were matters of casual jokes rather than sexual harassment. Al has also concluded that Rosetta left the job on her own freewill and that the complaint was not justified because the work was stressful.

Problem Statement Obviously, Maple Leaf Shoes Ltd lacks a code of conduct for employees on workplace sexual harassment, diversity, and inclusion. As a result, Al lacks any ground of investigating the matter and presenting a solution to any sexually harassed female employees. In addition, Rosetta has failed to report her case to the supervisor.

Analysis of Alternatives One major challenge, which is clear in the case study, is hesitancy to inform the supervisor about sexual harassment. In fact, the issue is emotional and personal. As a result, many employees fail to report cases of sexual harassment. Rosetta informed Eva White, a colleague about her experiences.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, she failed to report to the supervisor and opted to leave the job. One can attribute failure to report such cases to different factors. First, victims have personal risks and fear of losing the job. Second, the company’s policies on sexual harassment are not clear. In addition, there are no reporting lines and subsequent actions against the perpetrators.

Rosetta is skeptical about the issue of reporting the case because she knows Al will not consider it as a serious issue. She also shows that Al would not take any action against male workers. Clearly, Rosetta does not know how to handle the issue of sexual harassment at the workplace. This may suggest that the company lacks any policy on sexual harassment.

The best approach of overcoming workplace sexual harassment is prevention. In addition, the company should also take corrective measures in order to eradicate workplace sexual harassment.

Prevention is the best approach of controlling sexual harassment and other acts of discrimination at the workplace. The approach should involve the introduction of sexual harassment policy, employee training, and formal ways of reporting all forms of sexual harassment at the workplace.

Sexual harassment policy can protect employees from sexual harassment. It also protects the organization from potential lawsuits because of the damages from the act. Maple Leaf lacks any sexual harassment policy. Male employees have centerfolds on the walls behind their machines. The lack of sexual harassment policy at Maple Leaf has encouraged such behaviors in the company. While male employees might consider such behavior as normal, Rosetta finds them to be discriminatory and forms of harassment and discrimination.

Maple Leaf should introduce a code of conducts on sexual harassment and other forms of discrimination at the workplace. The company must define all forms of sexual harassment with reference to different laws of Canada on the issue. It should also indicate reporting procedures, investigation procedures, subsequent actions, and policy on any attempted retaliation. At the same time, Maple Leaf should insist on confidentiality, the role of supervisors, and harassment by other stakeholders rather than colleagues.

Supervisors and HR manager must enforce the written policy on sexual harassment. Otherwise, the policy will not serve its purpose. Maple Leaf can achieve this by observing some simple procedures. The company should include the code of conducts for all employees in the employee’s handbook.

We will write a custom Case Study on Legal Challenge: Maple Leaf Shoes Ltd and Code of Conduct specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, there should be constant reminders for other employees about the Maple Leaf code of conduct. Maple Leaf must also ensure that all employees acknowledge and adhere to the code of conduct. In this regard, they will understand the consequences of failing to follow the code. Any case of sexual harassment should have clearly defined actions. Once Maple Leaf has adopted sexual harassment policy, it would be necessary to conduct an audit and improve it based on emerging definitions of workplace sexual harassment.

Training is mandatory on workplace sexual harassment. While Al and other male colleagues consider sexual harassment as casual and old jokes, Rosetta and Eva White do not think so. Majorities of Maple Leaf employees, including supervisors lack training on workplace sexual harassment. Maple Leaf can enhance prevention of sexual harassment through effective training of employees from different regions.

Training must inform employees about sexual harassment, its forms, effects on the victim, and consequences on the perpetrators and the company. Training can take any form. Employees must recognize the importance of training on sexual harassment. All training approaches must also focus on the hostile environment, which may result from sexual harassment.

The company should also create functional channels for sexual harassment complaints. Rosetta could have reported sexual harassment if the company had a formal reporting system. A lack of a formal reporting channel for sexual harassment leads to several unreported cases. Reporting a sexual harassment case is a way of discouraging such behaviors in an organization.

Senior executives must support sexual harassment claims by ensuring all supervisors implement the policy as stated in the code of conduct. They must also ensure fairness during investigation processes. The HR department must provide different alternatives of reporting claims of sexual harassment at the workplace.

Once an employee has reported a case of sexual harassment, the employer must take the necessary action in order to prevent a similar misconduct again. Al failed in his responsibility as a supervisor. Sexual harassment has negative consequences on employees as Rosetta indicates. Thus, Maple Leaf must stop it before it takes place. Nevertheless, any reported case of sexual harassment requires investigation, discipline, counseling, and adhere to policy on non-retaliation.

Recommendation Employees should not act in a manner, which cause sexual harassment to colleagues or cause uncomfortable situation. This is what Rosetta experienced among her male co-workers. However, one must remember that actions and effects of such behaviors on others may determine harassment regardless of intentions.

Maple Leaf should provide a work environment, which is free of sexual harassment and any other form of discrimination against all employees. In this regard, the company must formulate and adopt a code of conduct with clearly defined sexual harassment policies and consequences of such behaviors. The policy must aim at preventing and addressing issues of sexual harassment among all employees. The policy must clarify sexual harassment, common harassment, investigation procedures, and a policy on employee dating and relationships.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Legal Challenge: Maple Leaf Shoes Ltd and Code of Conduct by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The company must conduct training and inform all employees about the importance of the sexual harassment policy and other policies.

The role of the supervisor in sexual harassment, prevention, investigation, and correction should be clear. Al is unable to act on the case of Rosetta because he lacks guidance, does not know what sexual harassment is, and provides a casual approach to the whole issue. Supervisors must take an active role in protecting employees and ensuring a favorable work environment for all members of the company.

The company should encourage whistleblowers like Eva White. Eva must pursue the case and ensure that the company takes the required procedures to address the alleged sexual harassment. In a lawsuit, Maple Leaf must demonstrate that it took the right step to address the issue. Moreover, the company must all prove that consequences, which perpetrators received, were equally severe. Rosetta worked in a hostile environment because of sexual harassment and derogatory statements about her background.

Implementation The company must adopt a policy on sexual harassment and other forms of harassment, which create hostile work environments for workers. Implementation of the policy should aim at preventing any potential future behaviors.

Employees must undergo training about sexual harassment policy. This would create awareness among employees about the outcomes of such behaviors.

Supervisors must investigate all reported cases of sexual harassment in order to ascertain the truth. Failure to investigate the issue could lead to a lawsuit.

It is difficult for workers to report cases of sexual harassment. Supervisors must not dismiss employees who report their cases because they might seek for outside help, which could be detrimental to the entire firm. In addition, the company must implement policies to protect whistleblowers.

During training, employees must recognize that the company’s policy does not support retaliation because it is illegal.

All supervisors and employees should follow procedures provided in the employee handbook when reporting cases of sexual harassment and other forms of discrimination. The supervisor must not attempt to favor any party and not dismiss the normal reporting procedures.

The supervisor should review the case by initiating interviews with the complainant and perpetrators. Details are critical in this stage. The process should remain confidential because such issues of harassment and discrimination can create a hostile work environment.

After establishing all the facts on the case, the employer or supervisor must take an appropriate action against perpetrators of sexual harassment and other forms of discrimination. Actions could be dismissal for serious cases while other forms of sexual harassment may require warnings or counseling.

In some cases, the company may also consider assistance from external experts.


Automated construction performance monitoring Report best essay help: best essay help

The first step in performance monitoring relies on the n-dimensional building/civil information model to plan, schedule, and estimate project costs. An analysis of the results are documented and presented in charts to ensure effective communication of the project idea. The charts are used to conduct construction reviews to identify any areas which need improvement.

Once the reviews are over, the second phase of the automated construction performance monitoring commences where each component of the project progress is presented using visual aids to identify all project components that are on schedule, behind schedule or ahead of schedule and take corrective actions.

Unordered photos collections, modeling pipelines, and modeling demos underlie the assessment criteria for establishing the quality, safety, and sustainability of the construction pace of the which is remotely used to monitor construction safety.

Phase three of the automated construction safety uses cameras and remote sensors to monitor the construction safety based on a framework of automated behavior monitoring and the automated vision based tracking. That is followed by the automated construction quality monitoring to detect safe drilling areas, which leads to the automated construction productivity monitoring based on the automated vision based tracking system to identify activities of the excavators.

A construction site information management system which uses a mobile AR system provides high precision information on the construction site using a 3 d model and a hybrid 4-dimenaional model augmented in reality. The performance monitoring system is built by augmenting energy performance in reality with automated monitoring done in extreme events, and systems for disaster recovery put in place with different cases study results compared to build the best case scenario.

The Built


Discuss the Merits and Potential Problems of American Business Schools Case Study college essay help online

In the past, American business schools only invited foreigners to pursue business courses in America. Recently, these schools have expanded through establishing many business programs in foreign countries and residents can access education without necessarily going to America. This however, is not without several limitations and that is why this paper discusses the benefits and limitations of American business institutions with programs abroad.

Merits of American Business Institutions with Programs Abroad Just like any other business, expanding into other countries creates more customers for an organization. When an institution like Chicago University establishes its programs in a new country, it is likely to tap more customers, and especially persons who may not be in a position to travel to foreign counties because of family reasons.

Moreover, American institutions benefit from cross-fertilization through expanding into other countries. For instance, lecturers from American Universities can research international issues relating to business while in other countries and at the same time, share their vast knowledge with students in these countries (Zhou 41).

In addition, by expanding into foreign countries, American business institutions reduce the possibility of a single bad decision spoiling the entire program. These universities are as well able to distribute the costs of production across other markets, and this lessens overheads and increases profits for the institutions.

Lastly, American business institutions are able to diversify their programs through establishing institutions in countries that have a different climate from that of America. As Rosenzweig and Daniel reveals, seasonal aspects such as climate may influence a product’s demand (195). For instance, the winter season may depress education at the University of Chicago, yet not all countries experience the winter season at the same time. American business institutions, therefore, use overseas markets to cater for the uneven demand.

Potential Problems of American Business Institutions with Programs Abroad Establishing institutions in a foreign country involves huge spending and this may overstretch the capacity of the parent university to offer quality education due to limited resources. “When a company invests money and other resources to expand, it has less capital available for other business transactions.” (Kokemuller par.2)

Moreover, entering many new markets can make an institution to share its abilities to the extent that it does not perform proficiently in any area. American business universities send their personnel to overseas countries when they create a new establishment and this may leave the parent institution with inadequate staff.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Assume USF St. Petersburg is interested in Establishing a Program in Asia. Choose a Location in Asia and Outline a Strategy for Success.

The best location where University of Southern Florida (USF) St. Petersburg can establish a program in Asia is at the National University of Singapore.

One strategy that USF St. Petersburg must embrace, for the success of the program, is partnership. USF St. Petersburg may collaborate with the National University of Singapore in Asia in offering an MBA executive program. Directors of the new program should as well work together with collaborative partners of the parent organization for research and training.

USF St. Petersburg must also set up a market research strategy for analyzing and evaluating the market environment in Asia. Aspects such as the number of people in Singapore who are Alumni’s of USF St. Petersburg and those that would wish to support the university are some of the elements that may form the research. Identifying former students of USF St. Petersburg in Singapore would be necessary in marketing the university to locals in Singapore. Alumni’s of USF St. Petersburg in Asia are likely to be supportive of the program in their own country and are in a better place to market the university to their fellow residents.

Moreover, the university should promote its new brand through the internet, television media and advertisements in Singapore. Other methods that the university may use for promotion include “publications, open days, school liaison, public relations and involving main stakeholders” (Narasimha 105). Universities in foreign countries should align all their activities to the development plan of the country in which they operate.

The new St. Petersburg in Singapore should align its educational strategy with the global approach towards education and appreciate limitations that may occur due to global extension posed by international expansion. The strategy of the university should also focus on quality learning and teaching. Quality education is that which meets the needs of the learners. To establish the specific needs of learners, market research would be valuable.

USF St. Petersburg should incorporate its global strategy in Singapore into its planning and embrace popular business planning processes for ventures in foreign countries.

We will write a custom Case Study on Discuss the Merits and Potential Problems of American Business Schools specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The university should guarantee local residents that the quality of education that they will obtain from university subsidiaries in their countries will be of the same quality with that received from the parent university in Petersburg. The USF St. Petersburg in Singapore should therefore hire competent personnel to offer learning at the university.

On the same note, the university may offer awards based on well-established standards like the Quality and Qualifications Framework and pursue quality assurance processes that govern operations of subsidiary universities and colleges (Clotfelter 374).

Another strategy that USF St. Petersburg may consider is establishing a common board that would be responsible for setting examinations for use in all branch campuses.

USF St. Petersburg may also consider enrolling some American students at the university in Singapore. This strategy is viable because it is likely to entice more Singaporeans to join the institutions. No one would expect American students to leave their country and join a substandard university in Singapore. Following this reasoning, many Singaporeans will have confidence in the school. Ways of recruiting American learners at USF St. Petersburg may be through direct recruitment or through collaborations with a study group.

Besides, USF St. Petersburg in Singapore can invest more in research in order to attain global excellence. This would entail branding USF St. Petersburg in Singapore as a global center for research and creativity, and making connections with the top researchers in the world. Another way of advancing research would be collaborating with other regional and international universities in research and knowledge exchange.

A further strategy that the USF St. Petersburg in Singapore may adopt is developing and nurturing an academic partner relationship with the National University of Singapore. Through such a relationship, the USF St. Petersburg may introduce new disciplines to students markets of the National University of Singapore.

Finally, the USF St. Petersburg may also consider making its postgraduate programs accessible to a larger student market through establishing flexible study schedules that include weekend lessons. Most postgraduate learners are usually busy working and they would appreciate a study program that understands their needs.

Works Cited Clotfelter, Charles T. American Universities in a Global Market, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Discuss the Merits and Potential Problems of American Business Schools by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kokemuller, Neil. Advantages and Disadvantages of Expanding your Business. Web.

Narasimha, REddi Effective Public Relations and Media Strategy, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

Rosenzweig, Cynthia, and Daniel Hillel. Climate Variability and the Global Harvest: Impacts of El Niño and Other Oscillations on Agroecosystems, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.

Zhou, Li. Liberalization of Trade in Educational Service and Its Impact on the Right to Education, München: GRIN Verlag, 2007. Print.


Arguing, Interpretation and Evaluation Essay college admission essay help

The story was written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and reveals the unpleasant experiences the narrator undergoes after getting confined in her room by her physician. The story reveals the narrator’s experiences as she reveals how she was confined in her room by her physician and husband after giving birth ostensibly to allow her to recuperate. This paper will interpret the story to find out its real meaning and messages the author conveys to readers.

The author of the story portrays women as capable human beings who have feelings, ambitions and personal wishes. The woman in the story represents the real life story of the author, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, who was confined in her room by her husband and physician for a long period of time.

The story reveals the ugly situation the narrator faces, as she does not get positive experiences outside her house to give her peace of mind. Her husband, brother and physician all think that she needs to stay indoors without working, a suggestion she does not like. She narrates how this makes her feel unwanted and mistreated. She feels she has been entrapped in a cage that does not give her freedom to explore her professional skills and talents. She intends to go out and work, yet her physician and husband are not supportive.

The narrator condemns her confinement in her own house and how this makes her more depressed. Her situation is a symbol of what women are made to endure by male dominated systems which weaken their resolve and spirit. Therefore, she dislikes the fact that she cannot do anything professional outside her home which makes her more miserable.

The narrator communicates the message that women are discouraged from fulfilling their dreams by men to make them less ambitious. The narrator explicitly shows how doctors lack professionalism empathy in the way they treat female patients. Their insensitivity makes women feel inadequate and hopeless, a factor that makes them have low self esteem. Her physician does not give her an opportunity to enjoy a different environment, which makes it difficult for her to recover.

The story focuses mostly on the ugly aspects of the confinement the narrator was forced to undergo. She is a harsh critic of predominant chauvinistic male attitudes that exist in society. However, the story manages to show feministic ideals in a different ways.

The narrator in the story argues about her alienation from the real world by being confined in her room which denies her a chance to engage in activities she loves. The author uses first person narration to make the mood more serious, which allows her to speak directly to the reader. This stylistic form makes her story more compelling to the reader. The story fails to describe the traits of other characters that would have made the story more interesting.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The narrator in the story seems not to be proud of her mother hood responsibilities because she is grumbling about not being given a chance to go outdoors. The story is a compelling narration of how women suffer emotionally and psychologically after they are denied a chance to pursue their goals by patriarchal systems.

In conclusion, the story is a real portrayal of how women were mistreated in the past. The story is a good account of how gender prejudices are used to discourage women from achieving their dreams and ambitions.


Foreign Exchange Market Essay online essay help: online essay help

Foreign exchange In order to convert the US dollars to the Yuan, we use the exchange rate USD/CNY 6.5766. This therefore means that 1 USD = 6.5766 Yuan. USD100,000 will therefore be 6.5766*100,000 = 657660 Yuan. The Chinese supplier will therefore be paid a total of 657660 Yuan.

Foreign exchange can simply be defined as the currency of a foreign country or the currency of a country that a person or company does not belong to. It can also be defined as the purchase or sale of a country’s currency in exchange for another country’s currency. This transaction is usually carried out in a market setting in order to make it easy for the transacting parties. This market is referred to as the foreign exchange market (forex).

A foreign exchange market is therefore a market where trading of different currencies takes place in order for the traders to be able to meet their financial obligations in foreign countries. Foreign exchange makes it possible for companies operating on the international scope to carry out their business transactions which normally involve conversions of money from one country’s currency to that of another (Carbaugh, 2004).

Foreign currency derivatives According to Gitman (2007), a derivative can be defined as “a financial instrument whose value is vested in another item such as an interest rate or an asset”. Derivatives are usually in the form of contracts where the parties agree to make payments based on the value of the underlying entity at a particular time in future.

Derivatives are mainly used as a risk minimisation strategy by one party and a return maximisation strategy for the other party. A foreign currency derivative is therefore a financial derivative whose future payment depends on the exchange rate of two or more currencies (Gitman, 2007).

Businesses generally enter in to foreign exchange derivative contracts in order to hedge themselves against the risk of loss due to unexpected adverse movements of the foreign exchange rate of the currencies they trade in. Businesses also use financial derivatives to protect themselves against the risks that are caused by volatility in exchange rates.

They are also used by businesses to negotiate for better terms when seeking financing from banks and other lenders. The trader can therefore enter in to a forward exchange derivative contract to pay the goods in 30 days time if the exchange rate of the USD to the Yuan is expected to depreciate (Michael, 2011).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Types of foreign currency derivatives

A foreign exchange futures contract is defined as a contract which is entered in to by parties in order to exchange a particular currency for another, at a specific date in future. The exchange price is normally agreed upon at the date of purchasing the futures contract and in most cases, one of the currencies is normally the US dollar.

Therefore in this case, the trader can enter in to a foreign exchange futures contract to pay at a particular amount at a future date at an agreed exchange rate. A foreign exchange spot on the other hand is a contract or an agreement between two parties to exchange currencies at a specific exchange rate on the date of entering the contract also referred to as the spot date.

This means that the exchange rate that is agreed upon by the two parties is normally the spot exchange rate. The current example where the trader is expected to pay USD 100,000 at the given exchange rate of USD/CNY 6.5766 can therefore be referred to as a foreign exchange spot contract if it is agreed that he has to pay on that particular date (Mehraj, 1997).

Lastly, it is important to distinguish between a foreign exchange futures contract and a foreign exchange forward contract. A foreign exchange forward contract is the situation where parties agree to buy or sell currency at a future specific date at an exchange rate that is agreed upon today. In this case, the trader and the supplier can agree on the future date of payment and also decide on the exchange rate that they will use. This is normally necessary when a trader does not have the funds to pay for the transaction at hand (Mehraj, 1997).

Bid / Ask Spread

A bid price has been defined by Eiteman, Stonehill


Feminism in The Yellow Wallpaper Explicatory Essay online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The Theme of Feminism in the Story



Introduction Gilman’s story, ‘The Yellow Wallpaper,’ revolves around a protagonist who has been locked up by her husband in their leased house during summer vacation. The husband justifies his actions by pointing out that her wife needed a rest cure, especially now after the birth of their child. As the story unfolds, she (wife) reaches the threshold of a mental break down and insanity (Stetson, 1892).

She begins to experience hallucinations and becomes obsessed with yellow wallpaper that hanged on the wall. She associates everything in her environment with the yellow paper. Just before the vacation is over, she begins seeing nonexistent women creeping in her room. She looks at the paper and sees another woman entrapped in the picture. In an attempt to free her, she rips apart the wallpaper and locks herself in the bedroom. That was the only place she felt safe (Stetson, 1892).

When her husband returns, she refuses to open the door for him. Her husband gets the key and opens the bedroom, finding his wife in a severe mental condition, and faints. The protagonist continues to draw circles on her husband’s body. The story explores various themes and addresses numerous social issues. This paper will evaluate the theme of feminism in the story. Besides, the paper will highlight criticisms of the story and its impact on the audience.

Gender Roles in The Yellow Wallpaper Since its publication in 1892, many interpretations have come up regarding the story. Particularly, feminists believe that the story depicts the struggles and tribulations that women endured in a male-dominated society. Various illustrations in the novel assert the perception held by feminists.

Further Research What Does the Narrator’s Description of the Wallpaper Reveal about the Context of the Story? 5 39 What Role Does the Wallpaper Woman Play in the Story? 5 21 What Event Caused the Narrator’s Mental Illness in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 40 What Does Creeping Mean in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 249 At the outset, society undermined the role of women in households and during important decision-making processes (Stetson, 1892). As such, they played peripheral roles in society. In other words, the story portrays women’s opinions in society as irrational and irrelevant. The protagonist is locked in a house for the sole reason of getting a rest cure. She has no alternative since she is unable to convince her husband that the rest break was unnecessary.

As Stetson (1892) elucidates,

‘…and I did not make out a very good case for myself, for I was crying before I finished.’ (p. 651).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the protagonist, her condition does not necessitate such medical and therapeutic intervention. She wishes she were a free woman who could write, care for her child and participate in the running of the society (Ford, 1985). Instead, she remains in isolation (Stetson, 1892). This illustration does not only provide important insights on gender disparities in medieval societies but also demonstrates hegemonic masculinity that had engulfed the entire medical profession.

Second, it is important to pinpoint that the yellow wallpaper represents barriers to gender equality. Notwithstanding the mental health of the protagonist, she rips the paper as a symbol of breaking the bondage of patriarchy. She frees a woman who, like her, had been entrapped in the male-dominated society. John collapses after opening the bedroom because of shock.

Literary, the story asserts that John collapses because of the level of insanity of his wife (Stetson, 1892). Symbolically, the collapse implies the shock and surprise that the male gender would experience after women freed themselves. The story portrays the protagonist drawing circles on the corpse of her husband. According to Ford (1985), it implies that women had risen above men in the fight for freedom and equality.

Further, the theme of feminism comes out clearly in the story. John is a medical professional. In the society depicted by the story, such high-flying careers were a reserve of men. Despite being a doctor, it is ironic that John does not recognize the impact of incarcerating her wife. According to many feminists, men were not performing their duties impeccably in spite of their gendered beliefs about women.

Failure by John to realize that her wife would say descent to insanity if she remained locked in the room represents a realization by women on their essential roles in the mainstream society (Stetson, 1892). It empowers women to believe in themselves and rise above submissiveness and innocence. This way, they are able to appraise the social system and challenge the negative effects of patriarchy and male domination.

More about The Yellow Wallpaper What Is The Yellow Wallpaper’s Ending Like? 5 35 What Is the Importance of the Nurse in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 30 Why Is There a Change to the Second Point of View in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 18 What Is the Significance of the Narrative Form in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 26 Notwithstanding many interpretations of the story, many analysts hold the view that The Yellow Wall-Paper reflected Gilman’s experience in a medical institution (Ford, 1985). Gilman suffered from severe depression and was admitted to a hospital in 1890. It is in the medical facility that she experienced the same experiences as the protagonist portrayed in the story. As such, the story’s main aim was to challenge the prevalent methods of treating mentally ill patients as opposed to advancing the feminist agenda.

Conclusion In essence, the story revolves around a couple spending summer vacation. The husband locks her wife in a room because of his beliefs that she needed a rest break. Throughout the story, the theme of feminism is apparent. From socially imposed roles to making decisions, women in the story suffer from the whims of patriarchy. However, many critics explain that the story is a true reflection of the experiences of the author.

We will write a custom Essay on Feminism in The Yellow Wallpaper specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Ford, K. (1985). The Yellow Wallpaper and Women’s Discourse. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 4(2), 309–314.

Stetson, C. (1892). The Yellow Wallpaper: A Story. The New England Magazine, 11(5), 647-657.


Federal Government should not legalize the use of marijuana Research Paper scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Arguments in support of legalization of marijuana

Arguments against the legalization of marijuana

Works Cited

Introduction Historically marijuana was used by certain populations and cultures as therapy for fever, insomnia, rheumatic pain, headaches and constipation. The drug was listed as an official licit drug in 1857. It was believed it had many medicinal benefits. The recreational use of the drug surged during the Prohibition period.

To reduce the widespread use of marijuana the government introduced a taxing mechanism in 1937. In 1970 the drug was listed as an illicit drug and it was declared that drug possession would be a criminal offence. The government felt that the drug had a high potential for abuse. There was also no medically accepted use of the drug.

In the recent past more and more people have been advocating for the legalization of the drug citing various reasons. This paper analyses the arguments proposed by the proponents of the drug and concludes that these arguments are inconclusive and unconvincing.

Arguments in support of legalization of marijuana There are several arguments that have been proposed in support for the legalization of marijuana. In 1965 scientists were able to separate the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) from the cannabis plant. After several years scientists were able to separate 400 chemicals and currently 21 of them are being investigated by the US FDA (Mechoulam, Maximilian, Peters and Murillo-Rodriguez, 80).

There are natural and synthetic cannabinoids that have been approved for treatment of certain medical conditions. Patients who have lost appetite due to cancer therapy and AIDS have gained as certain cannabinoids are used to stimulate appetite. They are also used to treat nausea, vomiting, neuropathic pain and overactive bladders.

There have been suggested uses of smoked marijuana and cannabinoids that have not yet been approved by the FDA. These include spastic syndromes in neurological disorders, pain syndromes and glaucoma. It has been argued that smoking the drug causes relaxation and pleasure. There is a sense of well-being. If someone is stressed, the drug causes relief and the individual is able to deal with hard realities (Stokes, Egerton and Watson, 1522).

In the United States there are several States which have chosen to legalise the use for Marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes. In a survey conducted by Pew Research Centre 60% of the population in the country believed that it would not be right for the federal government to interfere in areas where marijuana use had been legalized (Connelly par, 6).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Two months ago a bill was introduced in congress that calls for the protection of medical and non-medical marijuana businesses from federal Prosecution in these States. Currently in the country 18 states and the District of Columbia actually allow physicians to prescribe marijuana to their patients. In November 2013 voters in the State of Washington and Colorado started progress towards legalization of marijuana use for adults above the age of 21(Connelly par, 7).

It is believed that marijuana prohibition will soon come to its end since most Americans are now against it. It is also argued that the legalization of marijuana should be allowed not just on moral grounds but on practical and financial factors or consideration. A Pew research survey found out that over 65% of Independents, Democrats and Republicans believed that enforcements costs are not worth it as they are quite high (Connelly par, 9).

For the first time in four decades since marijuana research studies were conducted the Pew Survey showed that majority of Americans wanted the legalization of marijuana. In 1969 only 12% of the population supported legalization. In 2013 the percentage has increased by over four times (Pew Research Centre par, 2). The findings further showed that the youth between 18-32 years of age were the ones who mostly contributed to this new opinion.

There are other arguments advanced by scholars in support of legalization of marijuana in addition to the increase in American population advocating for its legalization. The introduction of tougher drug laws ensured that drug-related arrests increased during the Reagan, elder Bush and Clinton administrations. On the other hand the use of marijuana actually increased in the country. The drug laws did not reduce the consumption at all.

When the Prohibition was introduced in 1937 it was estimated that there were only 55,000 users of the drug in the country. However 65 years later the number of users had exploded to 30 million. In 1994, statistics showed that there were 481,098 marijuana-related arrests. By 2000 the number had increased to 734,500. In 1981 statistics showed that 49% of the arrests were of juveniles who were having their first contact with the criminal justice system because of the arrest (Rosenthal and Kubby, 16).

It is therefore argued that marijuana contributes to jail overcrowding which has adverse economic consequences. It is further argued that due to the arrests these “criminal innocents” are exposed to personal danger and dangerous criminals in the jails where they learn illegal trades. When they are released, they are not the naïve criminals that were sent to prison (Rosenthal and Kubby, 16).

Arguments against the legalization of marijuana The arguments that advocate for the legalization of marijuana are unconvincing. On the medical angle there are safer and alternative prescriptions for the medical conditions. Studies that have investigated the effects of smoked cannabis and prescribed cannabinoids have shown that they have undesired side effects.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Federal Government should not legalize the use of marijuana specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These include acute psychosis and cognitive dulling in some of the patients. The drug causes the heart rate to increase in patients who have heart-related conditions. There is similarity in the components found in tobacco smoke and marijuana. The marijuana affects breathing and worsens respiratory conditions. It may also lead to abnormal cell growth which increases the growth of cancer (Hashibe, Straif andTashkin, 265).

The argument that smoking the drug causes relaxation and relief is also inadequate. Marijuana use reduces the levels of cortical dopamine which is responsible for higher cognitive functions and executive function. As the users search for the relaxation they actually end up experiencing cognitive dulling (Stokes, Egerton and Watson, 1522).

Cannabis use also affects the work performance of individuals. The drug affects cognitive involvement and decision-making. There is lower alertness and slower response levels in the workplace. Many employers do not tolerate any drug use in their staff. They carry out urine tests to find out the presence of marijuana in the employees.

The tests are effective for a period of at least two weeks. Some of the THC components have an elimination half-life of only 20 hours. There are those components that remain stored in the body fat. They have an elimination half-life of 10-13 days (Buddy, par. 6). If employers know the adverse effects of the drug on the productivity of their staff then the drug should not be legalized.

In a separate study, it was noted that the drug had a significant adverse effect on the individual’s safety. There were higher levels of reported self-accidents such as road accidents and minor injuries. The drug also has an adverse effect on the mental health of individuals. A study showed that mental problems were more likely to be exhibited in cannabis users than non-users (Svarikic and Lustman, 95).

The fact that the American population supporting legalization of marijuana has increased rapidly should not be a justification to demand for legalization of the drug. The fact that more and more people have become softer towards its use does not mean it is morally right to legalise the drug. As much as certain States have legalized the medicinal use of cannabis it is still a federal-controlled drug and its possession and distribution is illegal.

There have been a lot of current efforts to legalise the crude cannabis through State legislative laws. There are efforts to avoid imposition of federal laws or procedures on marijuana. The advocates of the medicinal use of the drug and the legalization or decriminalization of the drug are doing it in such a manner that bypasses the normal testing and regulatory testing processes of the FDA which are carried out for all drugs that are proposed for human consumption in the country.

These advocates therefore unfairly put legislatures and voters in the position where they have to decide on proposals that have a great impact on human health yet they are not qualified to understand the scientific evidence that is in the market (Svarikic and Lustman, 90).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Federal Government should not legalize the use of marijuana by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The federal government released a statement in 2009 clarifying its position on the legalization of marijuana. Smoked marijuana is not fit for medicinal purposes. The FDA believes that there is no sound scientific evidence that supports the medicinal use of marijuana in the country.

In 2001 the view was further supported by the Supreme Court in the case of United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers’ Cooperative. The court further affirmed the authority of congress to regulate the use of harmful substances across the country whether certain States had legalized the use of “medicinal” marijuana or not. It is not only the DEA or the federal government that is reluctant in the legalization of marijuana.

The American Medical Association believes the drug should not be legalized (Meyers par. 6). The American Cancer Association has communicated that the area still needs further research before legalization. The American Academy of Paediatrics fears that legalization will lead to an increase in drug dependency among the young people. The National Multiple Sclerosis Society further states that there is no convincing evidence that clearly shows the benefits of the drugs to its patients.

The British Medical Association actually warns that the drug is linked to greater risk of heart disease, lung cancer and bronchitis. It is therefore clear to see that based on the arguments mentioned that marijuana use should not be legalized across the country. It is important that the federal government continues to protect the health of the citizens of the country. Legalizing the drug will affect young people who will engage in other vices due to drug addiction.

Works Cited Buddy, Tim. How Long Does Marijuana Stay in the Body? Marijuana Is Rapidly Metabolized. 2012. Web.

Connelly, Louise. Marijuana Legalization 2013: Respect State Marijuana Laws Act Would Ban Federal Crackdowns. 2013. Web.

Hashibe Mia, Kurt Straif and Donald Tashkin. “Epidemiologic review of marijuana use and cancer risk.” Alcohol 35.3(2005):265–275. Print.

Mechoulam Raphael, Maximilian Peters and Eric Murillo-Rodriguez. “Cannabidiol—recentadvances.”Chemistry and Biodiversity 4.8(2007):1678–1692. Print.

Meyers, Dev. The DEA Position on Marijuana. 2009. Web.

Pew Research Centre. Majority Now Supports Legalizing Marijuana. 2013. Web.

Rosenthal Ed and Steve Kubby. Why Marijuana Should Be Legal. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press. 1996. Print.

Stokes, Paul, Alice Egerton and Ben Watson. “Significant decreases in frontal and temporal [11C]-raclopride binding after THC challenge.” NeuroImage 52(2010): 1521–1527. Print.

Svarikic, Dragan and Patrick Lustman. “Legalization, Decriminalization


Neil Gaiman’s Writing Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Gaiman’s use of Greek Mythology

Influence of fairy and folk tales on Gaiman’s work

Influence of classic English fantasy literature on Gaiman’s work

Influence of pulp fiction on Gaiman’s writing


Works Cited

Introduction Neil Gaiman is an internationally acclaimed English writer with a wide range of comic books, fiction novels, and short stories and children’s books to his name. His literary style has intrigued many readers around the world and as a result, he has won numerous outstanding awards from his literary work.

His writing prowess is attested by the fact that his work has done notably well across several genres of the literary world. This research paper is only interested in his works in the fiction genre and shall consider the novel, Neverwhere and short stories from Smoke and Mirrors. The research paper seeks to identify external literary and cultural influences on Gaiman’s work and establish whether they serve to enrich or bring about a lack of originality in the author’s work.

Gaiman’s use of Greek Mythology Greek mythology has been widely used by many authors from virtually all genres of literature and Gaiman is not an exception. In his novel Neverwhere, Gaiman manages to weave elements of Greek mythology in the plot. He depicts his main character, Richard, as a hero in a completely different style. Extraordinary, heroes are typical of ancient Greek mythology and Gaiman’s depiction of Richard seems to pitch him as one.

He is indeed an extraordinary hero because at first, he is willing to lose his fiancé in his endeavor to assist the injured young woman, Door. Despite living an almost non-bearable life shortly after Door’s departure, when he finally finds her in ‘London below’, he sets aside all his interests and resolves to offer a helping hand. Richard’s heroic nature manifests in the beauty of his character, viz. his steadfast loyalty and kind heart rather in deeds (Schupbach Para.16).

Richard’s fall through the ‘crack’ to ‘London below’ definitely reminds one of mythical tales in which everything is possible. In the London below, the speaking rats, the earls, and the monsters in sewers are further instances of mythology alluded to by Gaiman in this novel. He clutters, “Oh yes. Yes-yes-yes…I know exactly what to do with him” (Gaiman Neverwhere 69). This was the Lord-Rat-Speaker at his first meeting with Richard.

He further depicts the villains in the novel as dangerous assassins who survived the Trojan War, a war that only exists in the depths of the Greek mythology. It is clear at this point that Gaiman, in his effort to portray how dangerous the villains were, brings in the idea of a war that is touted as having been very serious. Therefore, it is evident that Gaiman’s style is one that outsources necessary information to strengthen the images that he creates while writing.

In the short story Chivalry, which is found under the collection, Smoke ad Mirrors, Gaiman alludes to ancient mythology in the form of a phoenix egg that is brought as a present by Galaad to the old woman, Mrs. Whitaker, to convince her to let go of the Holy Grail (Gaiman Smoke and Mirrors 45).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decision to use the mythical bird’s egg in the short story seems to be aimed at showing just how important the Holy Grail was and effort that could be expended in wrestling it out of the old woman’s possession. This effort goes for the apple of life too as it was a fruit that could only come out of a mythical world. Where Galaad gets the gifts from is shrouded in mystery, but eventually, he succeeds in getting the Holy Grail.

Gaiman’s attraction to Greek mythology is further evident in “Nicholas Was…” where he seems to depict Santa Claus in the old man, Nicholas. Based on the short story, the torment that the old man endures while supplying children with Christmas gifts was far much beyond what Prometheus endured while serving his eternal sentence. The fact that he envied Prometheus can only mean that his torment was so much that he would have gladly traded places with Prometheus if given the chance.

Influence of fairy and folk tales on Gaiman’s work Fairy and folk tales have influenced Gaiman’s work as well to a considerable extent. In the novel Neverwhere, Richard’s quest to see the angel to grant him the ability to return home to his normal life is an example. The existence of an angel in London below is a phenomenon that can only be conceived in fairy tales.

Therefore, he combines fairyland possibilities with other styles such as fantasy to deliver a story that remains etched in the minds of his readers for a long time (Smith 25). The overlap of London below with fairyland is again witnessed in Gaiman’s description of the dwarfs, which coexisted with the inhabitants of London below.

In the short stories included in Smoke and Mirrors, the influence of fairy tales is witnessed in ‘Nicholas Was…’ when Gaiman describes the old man so vividly that when he brings in the idea of distributing gifts to sleeping children, it becomes obvious that he is talking about Santa Claus. Though the story is very short, he manages to fit this style and a lot more others into the stories. This aspect confirms fairy tales also influenced the position that Gaiman’s writings to some reasonable degree.

Influence of classic English fantasy literature on Gaiman’s work Gaiman heavily employs classic English fantasy in the novel Neverwhere, which generally falls under the category of urban fantasy novel. The moment Richard descends to London below, the novel shifts from being a normal work of fiction to a fantasy novel.

To begin with, the vivid description of London below is a perfect example of fantasy. The author creates a completely new world right under the streets of London or rather ‘London above’ with a description that is almost tangible. The inhabitants of this new world are also creations of the author’s imagination.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Neil Gaiman’s Writing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They add to the blend of fantasy that the author depicts in the story. They are people complete with everything they require to live their lives and are completely oblivious of the possibilities of living a life besides the one they have in their world. Door’s disappearance to this world after getting better is a clear indicator that she did not care much about the comforts that life in ‘London above’ could offer.

Richard’s transition from his normal self to this other person, who did not exist to other people around him, was yet another product of the author’s imagination. The fact that a human being can exist yet be barely noticed by all people around him/her gives the impression that s/he might have been invisible yet s/he sees them and thinks s/he is in the same realm with them.

This same display of fantasy is witnessed in Chivalry when the author refers to the Holy Grail and all the importance attached to it yet to Mrs. Whitaker, it is nothing more than an item that adds beauty to her house (Marcus Para.12).

Galaad’s trips to nobody knows where and his return with the different items to appease the old lady to give him the Holy Grail also seems to bring about an element of fantasy in the short story. It cannot be explained how he could access items, which only existed in ancient Greek mythology, in his human nature. In addition, the items could do exactly what was said of them, which is slightly hinted at when Mrs. Whitaker touches the different items and realizes that she instantly feels different.

Influence of pulp fiction on Gaiman’s writing Gaiman in his writing also alludes to pulp fiction especially in Neverwhere when he creates a young woman whom Richard finds himself willing to assist under whatever circumstances. The idea of a hero striving to save a lady finds its roots in pulp fiction. This observation means that when Richard sets out on dangerous adventures although with some element of unwillingness or doubt about his desire to assist, Gaiman is borrowing from pulp fiction.

Richard assists the girl in ‘London above’ and it costs him so much, but still goes ahead to help in ‘London below’ where his ability to help is highly doubted by Door herself. He eventually emerges as a unique hero not in deeds, but in his way of thinking and his perception of all that they went through. Ultimately, he does not fall in love with Door as many would have expected and this element adds to his uniqueness as a hero in the story.

Conclusion The works of Neil Gaiman will continue to intrigue many who come across them because they are a product of a clever combination of different styles of writing blended with the author’s unique writing style.

Gaiman’s approach to writing could easily be thought of as lacking in originality, but in essence, the numerous allusions made to various sources serve to create the effects he desires without having to use a lot of words. Clearly, the influence that other works of literature have on Gaiman’s work serves to enrich it rather than to water it down. He is a great writer.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Neil Gaiman’s Writing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Gaiman, Neil. Neverwhere, New York City: Harper Collins Publisher, 1997. Print.

Gaiman, Neil. Smoke and Mirrors, New York City: Avon, 1999. Print.

Marcus, Richard. Book Review: Smoke And Mirrors: Short Fictions and Illusions by Neil Gaiman, 2008. Web.

Schupbach, Jo. The Inverted City – The Use of London’s Underground in Neil Gaiman’s Neverwhere, 2011. Web.

Smith, Clay. “Get Gaiman?: PolyMorpheus Perversity in Works by and about Neil Gaiman.” Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 4.1 (2008): 1-29. Print.


Metamorphosis of China’s Identity Essay essay help online

Introduction China is faced by a great challenge of trying to maintain its national culture in the strong wave of globalization. It was inevitable to shun away this new ideology because it was perceived as a bridge of development between the West and China. However, the Chinese are bent on preserving their traditional culture.

Every time there is a mention of globalization in relation to culture, the worst is portrayed because globalization is often described to erode cultures. Regardless of the fact that traditional Confucianism was swept away in China, neo-Confucianism’s significance is evident in its humanistic spirit. The confucianists’ aim is to foresee the general wellbeing of every human being, and this has been a very strong characteristic feature of the Chinese identity.

Gender and how it shapes Chinese identity

The sex ratio at birth in China is the highest in the world according to the United Nation’s Population Prospects 2010 revision (Golley


Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Meaning of Failure Mode Effect Analysis Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) is defined as an efficient and practical technique used in assessing different features of a given system. Moreover, the assessment is majorly done to establish and eliminate or reduce possible prevailing tragedies and dangerous failures within the system.

Through design correction, the existing tragedies and dangerous failures can be eliminated within the shortest time possible. The analysis is able to highlight consequences of detected failures hence it becomes important during the establishment of legal actions (Smith par. 1). The assessment starts with the essential parts of the system to establish their result into the system malfunction. After recognizing the possible malfunctions, they are categorized and allocated a Risk Priority Number (RPN). Finally, a viable corrective action is proposed.

When to use Failure Mode and Effect Analysis Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is used during the creation or redesigning of a particular product or service. It can also be applied when a certain procedure is being established or when development goals are designed for an already operational process or existing goods and services. In addition, it can also be implemented when the available procedures, goods, or services are being applied in different ways. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is used when evaluating various malfunctions of an existing process, goods, or services.

How FMEA is used The first step is to determine the necessary requirements for the system to execute its duty. This is followed by the provision of all the hypotheses and rules required during the actual analysis (Stephans and Joe 91). The third stage does not only include the design of the system’s block diagram, but also establishment of possible malfunction modes.

For instance, possible system failures like breakages and leakages can be identified early enough and amicable solutions provided. The major cause of each malfunction mode and their impact on the system is then established. After recognizing all possible malfunctions, they are assigned a severity and occurrence ranking. Then, critical evaluation is conducted on each of the potential malfunction modes. The last step in FMEA is the assessment and suggestion of any viable corrective measures and perfections to the design.

Advantages and disadvantages of FMEA Failure Mode and Effect Analysis has a number of advantages. The technology does not only eradicate possible problems that might arise in a process, but also helps in establishing the areas with higher risks (Loiselle par. 1).

Additionally, it creates a stage for exchanging information, which hence improves product awareness within core teams. This technique is helpful in obtaining relevant historical information about various changes in the process. It also assists in the provision of accurate technical requirements during the construction of workstations.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, FMEA helps in the provision of corrective measures during sessions. Moreover, the technology is important because it takes part in identification and management of various malfunctions. Conversely, a malfunction must occur in the system if a single failure mode is omitted. Products made during this process are not exactly similar. The other disadvantage is that a number of the detection controls are of low quality.

Examples of FMEA

A viable example of FMEA is where a single malfunction of the hardware item leads to death or loss of property. Another example that could be considered is where the system under evaluation has a redundancy hence causing death or loss of mission.

Works Cited Loiselle, Joshua. Improving the Efficiency of FMEAs. 2013. Web.

Smith, Deborah. FMEA: Preventing a Failure Before Any Harm Is Done. 2010. Web.

Stephans, Richard, and J. Stephenson. System Safety for the 21st Century: The Updated and Revised Edition of System Safety 2000, Hoboken: Wiley-Interscience, 2004. Print.


Journal summary of “Your Sixth Sense” by Mathew Hutson Essay (Article) essay help

The Mathew Hutson’s article “Your sixth sense” was published in ‘Psychology Today’ in June 2012. The author’s primary aim is to prove that anomalous experiences that affect people at certain times are not only real and life changing, but also occur inside our own brains. In addition, he attempts to prove that anomalous experiences do not occur outside our inner experiences. In this paper, a summary of the Hutchon’s article will be developed in order to highlight his ideas in regard to the topic of the “The sixth sense” article.

The Hutson’s article, if taken as it is, tends to basically argue that anomalous experiences are realities that affect almost every person. However, these experiences occur inside and not outside the human brain. The author tends to argue that anomalous experiences are illusions that humans bring about in their consciousness. Such illusions are used to fill human sensations and reflect what humans think inside their brains.

Taking the fact that one of us being stared at as one of the most common form of anomalous experience, the author argues that human emotions become activated such that one feels either comforting or excited (Hutson, 2012). The results show that the person will experience impression that provides additional energy.

The thesis by Hutson seems to be based on psychological perspective of the human brain. He argues that the “sixth sense” is not actually found in the brain, but it is a product of the work of the five natural senses. According to him, all human experiences exist only inside their own brains. In other words, he tends to argue that the function of the brain cells produces an additional “sixth sense” (Hutson, 2012).

The article further develops the idea that humans experience a sense of familiarity but which has no recollection. The author states that this sense is an experience that is normally a slight delay in the wiring of the brain cells. From biomedical theory, it is clear that transmission of pulses thorough human nerves, including the brain cells, are prone to some delays in biochemical reasons (Naparsek, 2007).

The author seems to refer to these forms of delay as the causes of familiarity without recollection. In addition, the sense of coincidence has been highlighted as another form of experience that proves that “the sixth sense” is a product of the rain functions. He presents the idea that coincidence is a perception that is inbuilt within the brains of most individuals, especially during the early age.

The author draws the reader’s attention by attempting to explain the nature and causes of human psyche and psychic abilities to know something or an event even before it takes place. He says that this phenomenon is a product of three aspects of the human brain-mental telegraphy, pre-recognition and remote viewing.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, concerning out-of-body and near-death experience, Hutson states that damages to the brain cells in the temporal injunction or lack of oxygen in visual cortex are the most common causes of the experiences (Hutson, 2012).

The author also draws the attention of the audience by invoking some ideas of such concepts as witchcraft, spirits, and luck and life energy. He argues that anomalous experiences are appealing if they are explained in terms of the above concepts. Accordingly, the concepts may not necessarily have taken place, but the human mind always develops illusions that the person is undergoing the experience.

In conclusion, the author has attempted to explain his theory of “the sixth sense” from a psychological perspective. He tries to clarify that “the sixth sense” is a product of the other five senses. Such experiences as the feeling of being started at, witchcraft, meeting with spirits or near-death experiences have been shown to be a product of “the sixth sense” rather than realities.

References Hutson, M. (2012). Your sixth sense. Psychology Today. Retrieved from

Naparsek, B. (2007). Your sixth sense. New York, NY: Cengage.