If there is something that the English Middle Age literature is definitely famous for, these are the numerous legends about knights, beautiful damsels and King Arthur; and, one must give these legends some credit for keeping its audience well in their seats for several centuries long.
However, it seems rather unfair that the legend of such a peculiar historical character as Sir Gawain has been in the shadow of more popular ones like Sir Galahad or King Arthur; just as compelling and, for that matter, more complex story of the knight who in one kind of sources is portrayed as the saving grace, and in another as a lady-killer is definitely worth taking a closer look at, which the story about Sir Gawain and the Green Knight will help in.
The work belongs to the genre of poetry. Although there is no actual rhyme in the given piece, the way it is structured clearly shows that this is a poem; for instance, the line “At the head sat Bishop Baldwin as Arthur’s guest of honor” (Armitage 27) breaks, and the sentence continues on the next line; the given manner of writing is typical for poetry with obvious elements of a narrative and dramatic style.
Indeed, too short to be epic, it still has the tension of drama (the line “exchanging views” (27), for instance, bears a lot of hidden innuendoes) and the pace of a third-person narration.
Like any other poem, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight has its evident prosodic elements; however, they are quite different from what is defined as poetry today.
For instance, as it has been already mentioned, there is no rhyme (“himself –views – Guinevre” (Armitage 27)), nor is there any specific meter: “And still he stands there just being himself” (Armitage 27) does not fit into any of the existing meters.
However, written in the era of the “Alliterative Revival”, it does have a lot of alliterations in every line. Indeed, taking any line, one can see the repetitive pattern: in “and at Arthur’s other side sits Agrawain the Hard Hand”, there are three clear-cut instances of alliteration.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More First of all, the sound “a” is stressed: “and at Arthur’s”, “Agrawain” (Armitage 27); then, “s” is emphasized: “side sits”; finally, the harsh “h” sound echoes in the end of the line: “Hard Hand”. Another instance of alliteration, “Bishop Baldwin” makes it clear that this stylistic device was intended (Armitage 27).
The poem also has several peculiar symbols to consider. In the given excerpt, Sir Gawain is the symbol himself – the symbol of the whole idea of knighthood, with its codes of honor, luxurious feasts and specific hierarchy.
Mentioning the way the guests are seated, the author stresses the latter, showing the specific relationships between the characters.
More on the Topic What Does the Fox Symbolize in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight? 5 507 What Does Gawain Offer to Do After the Green Knight Laughs at Their Response 5 25 What does a pentangle in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight stand for? 5 60 Which statement best describes the Green Knight’s chivalric values? 5 99 When was Sir Gawain and the Green Knight written? 5 25 Which stanza pattern is used in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight? 5 37 For instance, the fact that Guinevere sits next to Gawain: “Good Sir Gawain is seated by Guinevere” (37) points at the fact that there might be tension between these characters and that they are closely related to each other.
However, mentioning all these characters, the real author of the story stays in the shadow, which makes the narration a true legend, the ancient myth, the veracity of which cannot be checked, and that adds certain charm to the poem.
Although the author mentions the names of actual people who did exist, according to the historical record, it is rather hard to pin the actual year when the events took place. Known as the XIV-century tale, this piece is practically timeless.
Nevertheless, the elements of the given poem can relate to a number of other literature works of the given time period, mostly owing to the legendary names mentioned in the excerpt, such as King Arthur, Guinevere, and the rest of the characters.
We will write a custom Essay on The Knight without Blemish and Without Reproach: The Color of Virtue specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the whole idea of knighthood which the extract is shot through relates well to most of the literature works of the given time slot. Indeed, the idea of describing the life of “the nobles” (Armitage 27) is quite common for the given epoch.
Despite being a translation of the original Middle English poem, the given piece is still very impressive. It helps create the atmosphere of the famous Camelot and imagine the people who lived there in the most graphic way.
Telling not only about the history of England, but also emphasizing the significance of fraternity and togetherness which ruled in the XIV century Camelot, the given poem truly is a work of art.
Therefore, it is clear that the story of Sir Gawain is typical for its time period and reflects the standard set of values, yet it manages to convey the traditional messages about purity in a specific way.
It is quite peculiar that the poem is not preachy in sharing the moral values of the Middle Ages with the readers; in addition, there is little of the self-appraise element in the poem, which is also quite unusual for the time period of the Knights of the Round Table.
With its story which is easy to track and the pace which is easy to follow, the poem makes a perfect specimen of the English Middle Age literature.
Works Cited Armitage, Simon. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. New York City, NY: W. W. Norton
The Necessities for a Basic Essay Academic Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help
An interesting topic, a proper outline and correct structured draft determine the superior quality of the final essay, which in turn dictate a student’s score.
Writing an essay can prove to be tiresome and frustrating especially for students who lack basic research, evaluation, and writing skills. It is no wonder that some scholars procrastinate until when the paper is almost due. Last minute pressure makes them panic and deliver mediocre or poor work.
The final copy of an essay should be comprehensible and precise. This paper demonstrates that an interesting topic, a proper outline and correct structured draft determine the superior quality of the final essay, which in turn dictates a student’s score.
An excellent essay ought to have a compelling topic. Choosing an ideal topic begins with brainstorming several topics and selecting one. Brainstorming may involve formulating a lot of questions which may lead to a brilliant paper idea. The topic should be appealing to the reader and even more to the writer.
It should be narrow in a way that it is researchable but not too narrow as to lack research materials. A student should avoid general topics as they tend to be vague and time consuming due to the availability of numerous resources to read. For example, a wide topic such as technological advancements would require more research and information.
In contrast, a topic such as the impacts of technological advancements in the education sector is less demanding. This is because the former is too general and may require information on all technology types that exist in the world. The latter is narrow and specific as it concentrates only on impacts and the education sector.
Developing an outline helps in the organization of a writer’s ideas. An outline is a sketch that shows the order in which the author intends to arrange the ideas and how one plans to create a flow by connecting the ideas to one another. It highlights the main ideas first followed by the subordinate ideas.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A solid outline features an introduction amid a thesis statement, a number of body paragraphs, and a conclusion. It is advisable to sketch the ideas before writing them down in the first draft. A writer should use one line sentences in an outline to describe paragraphs as they are accurate and easy to understand.
The subsequent step is to write the first draft. The introduction should be intriguing in order to capture the reader’s attention. It ought to highlight the issue of discussion and leads to the thesis i.e. answer the essay question in a clear statement. In addition, it introduces the main points to support the argument.
The essay draft discusses all the core points in the order they emerge in the introduction so as to maintain the flow of the final essay. Topic sentences precede each paragraph and supports claims with proof. This expounds the writer’s ideas in the clearest manner. Each paragraph presents a separate idea from the others, and each idea relates to the thesis.
The concluding paragraph ends on a quotation, an outstanding idea or a motivation for action. It summarizes the entire text without including new information. The writer prepares the final essay after proofreading, editing and formatting the entire work in the draft.
This paper has discussed the necessities for a basic essay academic paper by emphasizing on the importance of a compelling topic, proper outline and appropriate organization in writing a substantial essay that can earn high scores for any scholar.
The Mining Industry: From Bust to Boom Essay argumentative essay help
Introduction Australia’s mining industry registered a remarkable turnaround at the turn of the new millennium following high market demands in Asia’s emerging economies.
The resultant increased demand created a positive effect in Australia. This paper seeks to discuss how the turnaround specifically impacted on the Australian economy in terms of growth.
Global demand, supply, commodity prices The period between 2003 and 2011 witnessed an increase of more than 300%, in US dollars, of global export resources from Australia after a sharp increase in demands from majorly the emerging economies.
Prices of other noteworthy steelmaking commodities from Australia also increased in the process. These developments followed closely on the heels of a poor performance in the same sector and industry that lasted for over two decades, between the 1980s and the early 2000s.
The Asian recession of early 2000, the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s, and the poor run faced by Japan during the 1990s affected prices negatively, leading to the commodity prices stagnating.
In an attempt to mitigate on the harsh situation that was being faced by the industry, companies entered into mergers globally in order to achieve economies of scale advantages.
China’s emerging economy triggered huge demands for steel in 2003 given her humongous domestic market. The high demands have been sustained throughout the period, mainly due to the rate of urbanisation currently ongoing in the country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other economies in Asia have also indicated significant rise in demands, with India poised to also increase on its total market demands for steel over the next few years.
The Mining industry in Australia during the 2000s Australia has a wide portfolio of minerals which it exports to the global market, including coal, iron ore, copper, as well as bauxite, and gold.
On average, Australia’s resource export value rose strongly in the 2000s to more than half the value of total exports registered at the close of the decade, mainly due to a 9% growth on the average of commodity prices.
Changes have also been witnessed within the structures of the mining industry where iron ore and coal now remain to be the minerals with most advantages to the country, unlike the 1990s when aluminium, gold, and copper emerged strongly as the most valued and profitable minerals for export.
The volume of processed metal exports contracted as their share grew less.
The effect of the mining boom experienced in 2000 saw the Company’s revenue rise from 6% of the total GDP to 14% by close of the first decade in the new millennium.
Mining investments currently stand at more than 4% of the GDP value, in comparison to 1.5% of GDP in the year 2000. Equally, Mining employment rose to 1.7% by close of the decade from a lower value of only 1% in 2000.
We will write a custom Essay on The Mining Industry: From Bust to Boom specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the contrary, however, the total mining output has grown at a smaller rate of only 3%. This has consequently led to fallen labour and multifactor productivities as a result of the sharp rise in prices.
The fall in productivity is explained by depletion of reserves for such commodities as oil and copper which, as a result, occasioned a reduction in productivity. Basically, the mining companies were forced to extract lower grade resources while using more inputs.
Productivity also lowered because of the longer lead times between the time when investment in new capacity is undertaken, and the resultant output realised on stream.
This lead time is, on average, estimated to last for three years. With the current committed investment projects nearing completion, production of iron ore, coal, as well as LNG is set to increase significantly and consequently increase the exportation volumes, as well.
This will contribute to a recovery of the overall mining productivity in the long run.
The Mining boom and its effects on the economy According to Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson framework, when global commodity prices increase, income and factor transfer effects occur. Income effect is a reflection of output changes of the different industries in the economy when spending export earnings of the higher commodity.
The incomes are spent mainly on paying taxes and royalties, including being shared out as dividend payment. The spending of these income values, rather than saving, results in an increase in other tradeables and non tradeables.
The transfer effect that follows an increase in prices of commodities is smaller, in the sense that more excess capacity in the form of labour and input markets results in smaller input amounts.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Mining Industry: From Bust to Boom by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It becomes easy to import labour involved in the mining, together with the capital required rather than sourcing them domestically.
There is expected reduction in income effect whenever if foreigners have a greater share of the mining industry. When substitutability degree involving price is great, between consumption tradeables and non-tradeables, the rate of real exchange will be smaller.
A more flexible economy will result in smaller overall wage magnitude. The price as well as exchange rates will induce patterns of spending and inputs to an appropriate shift responding to the increase in domestic demand and mining production.
Direct effects to the economy Mining operations have had a direct labour cost of about 10% of the total receipts in mining. The total increase in employment realised as a result of mining during the ten-year period is 2.2 million people.
The comparatively smaller increase in figures of employment in the mining industry is as a result of immense capital required.
Intermediate input expenditure has also increased to grow more than the direct labour costs incurred. This growth is equivalent to 40 percent of all the revenues from mining.
Among the goods and service costs that make up the intermediate input expenditure include freight, contractors, repairs, and rent charges, among many others.
A fast growth in the costs was experienced following the mining boom. The costs reached 15% per annum on average, which represents 3 percent of the decade’s GDP.
The Australian government has received large amounts of payments from the industry in the form of royalties and taxes. At the start of the decade, this amount represented a paltry 0.5% of the GDP.
In the period around the years 2008/2009, this same value had increased to about 2% of the GDP, marking the highest figure ever.
Taxes and royalties from oil and gas mining, however, have been falling in the entire decade. This is a reflection of Australia’s oil deposits and fields in general.
The industry’s gross operating surplus, after royalties and taxes have been deducted, has risen to about $65 billion registered in the recent years, up from a paltry $15 billion dollars recorded in the 1999/2000 period.
The new changes represent 5.2% of GDP compared to 2.2% of the GDP recorded in the 1999-2000 year period.
However, it is prudent to point out that the earnings of the mining industry do not impact significantly on the country’s economy. This is because the industry is largely foreign owned.
Spending within the Australian economy has been boosted as a result of the industry’s investment projects that have been initiated throughout the country. Total investments stood at $10 billion.
This was equivalent to 1.4 percent of GDP at the start of the decade. By the end of the decade, the figure was $58 billion. This figure represents 4.2 percent of the cumulative GDP.
The spending mainly comes in the form of payments to construction workers, as well as the purchase of non-labour inputs involved in the mining investment.
However, a larger share of the mining inputs is obtained from foreign countries rather than being sourced domestically.
Indirect effects to the economy The strong market demand for minerals exceeded output of the same throughout the mining boom period. As a result, non-tradeables inflation also picked up to run at about an annual percentage value of 4%, which was up by a single percentage point recorded in the years prior to the boom.
Inflation in tradeables recorded an average percentage value of 1% each year thereby increasing real exchange rate measures to about a high of 35%.
Mining Boom Effects on the States Some states, notably Queensland, Northern Territory, and Western Australia, enjoy more resource distribution than others with fewer or less distribution. The share of the distribution in resources is reflected in the different states economy structure.
Such aspects as employment, engineering construction, revenue, and value added industry gross are higher in states with more resources.
Comparisons with other mining booms in the past The previous mining booms experienced in Australia were largely characterised by poor macroeconomic results and outcome. In particular, unemployment together and inflation were exceptionally high despite the boom.
On the contrary, the boon in the early 2000s has had a more stabilised macroeconomy mainly due to the institutional framework improvements following the adoption of floating exchange rate, product market flexibility, inflation-targeting regime, as well as decentralised wage bargaining (Eslake 2011, p. 223).
Conclusion Australia has a combination of mineral deposits, which include oil, copper, iron ore, bauxite, and gold. These minerals are available in varied quantities, with oil volumes depleting tremendously over the years.
Decrease in global demand for these minerals in the period before the year 2000 had resulted in low prices and poor values. However, emerging economies in Asia, and particularly China increased demands in the early 2000s.
This fuelled a boom in Australia to supply the market. This has resulted in changes in the economy, including increased investment volumes, higher revenues, taxes, and royalty charges to the government, as well as increased employment.
However, the distribution of these resources in the country is not evenly as other states enjoy more deposits than others. This has resulted in a skewed growth and development pattern in the country, with states which have limited resources also experiencing limited development.
Although the country has experienced similar booms before, the current boom has managed to stabilise the macroeconomy, as opposed to previous ones which were characterised by high unemployment and inflation.
List of References Eslake S 2011, “Productivity: The lost decade”, in H Gerard and J Kearns (eds), The Australian Economy in the 2000s, Proceedings of a Conference, Reserve Bank of Australia, Sydney, pp. 223–254
How to Finance a Small Business Proposal essay help: essay help
Background According to Stanworth (1991), a small business enterprise is a small business entity of the market operated by the owner or young small firms that are free from outside influence in decision-making.
The European Commission defines micro-enterprises as firms that have less than 10 employees. Financing is important in the establishment or expansion of a small business enterprise.
In small businesses, financing sets the foundation for either success or failure in the operation of the business.
Reports by the Global Entrepreneurship monitor indicate that in the United States, starting and growing businesses receive funds from informal sectors totaling to about $129 billion in any given financial year. Informal sources of funds include private parties, families and friends.
Small businesses face difficulties in getting an approval to receive loans and grants from established financial institutions because their credit portfolio does not meet the expected requirements.
Financing is thus acquired through relationships and thus borrowers are expected to establish the financial stability of their business (Fielden, Davidson
Ruby best college essay help
There are a lot of different cases when people without any entrepreneur experience manage to gain success in a particular sphere of business. Having no managerial background, such people as Ruby Hammer and Millie Kendall managed to gain success due to their personal skills, fashion experience, and public image.
Even though these people do not have any managerial background, their profession is connected with personal sale and sale of the results of their work. Ruby Hammer is an experienced make-up artist who used to sell his professional skills to such great supermodels as Naomi Campbell, Cindy Crawford, and Kate Moss.
Millie Kendall is a professional beauty publicist who used to sell her written material to different publications. Such experience is really important as working in business sphere these people unconsciously studied the market and the needs which exist in the society.
Selling personal work, Ruby Hammer and Millie Kendall received important experience in product promotion. Therefore, having no managerial background as it is, these people used to work in the sphere, they unconsciously got necessary knowledge, strategic information and were applied into marketing relations that helped the launch their personal business.
World cosmetics industry is highly competitive as there are a lot of international brands which remain in high demand and entering this type of market is a very complicated procedure. One of the main particular features of the world cosmetics market is its constant change.
Only those companies are able to remain at the international market who are able to meet these critical changes successfully and react to them on time (Ana-Maria, Constantin, Cătălina
Risk Allocation in The Construction Contract Essay college essay help near me
The Scope of the Work The refurbishment work will consist of a total repair of the whole house. The first step will involve removing the old roof and disposing it carefully before replacing it with a new one. The quality of the current roof has deteriorated as a result of being attacked by rust. The second task will be to replace some of the doors and windows that have grown extremely old and painting those that can be reused.
This task will also involve replacing the old and faulty locks. The third task will involve removing the existing tiles on the floor and replacing them with new ones. The contractor will also be required to replace the existing ceilings, which are also in a bad state. The fifth task the contractor will undertake is repairing the bathroom and kitchen. The last job will involve re-painting the walls, ceilings, roof, doors, windows, and other parts of the house, both from inside and outside.
The Risks Involved There are a number of risks involved the refurbishment of the house especially when it is left in the hands of a contractor. The risks in this case include: the cost of the refurbishment, the quality of the work, the project’s duration, the delays that could occur, the claims that could arise, and any other potential disputes that may crop up.
In most cases, the potential disputes are propagated by misallocation of risk during the refurbishment process. The contract risks have to be identified in time to avoid legal issues and any other misunderstandings between the owner of the house and the contractor.
The cost risks involved in the refurbishment involve the expenses that will be incurred in the purchase of new materials, which are supposed to be used in replacing the old ones. The risks relating to the quality of the job will be determined by the outcome of the refurbishment.
The risks concerning time, delays and any claims that may arise out of breaching the contract will be determined at the end of the whole refurbishment. If the contractor fails to allocate the risks well, any other disputes that may crop up later will be considered to have been caused by negligence on his part.
Allocating Risks in the Construction Contract The risks in the construction contract will be allocated based on four principles: the ability of the contractor to carry out the refurbishment, the alignment of the objectives of the refurbishment, the allocation the risks according to the preferred goals of the owner, and the provision of risks based on the promotion of the relationship between the owner and the contractor.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the first principle, the contractor will be responsible for the evaluation, control, costs and benefits that will result from his assumptions. This type of allocation will reduce the overall price of the contract since the contractor will not have to include the possibility of financial losses within the contract.
The second principle will be used to maximize the success of the contract; this will require the contractor to understand every objective that the refurbishment is intended for. Other risks will be allocated according to the third principle, which will ensure that the refurbishment considers the specific operations that the contractor will use to accomplish the refurbishment task.
Lastly, the risks will be allocated between the owner and the contractor based on owner-oriented performance goals. This principle of allocation will ensure that the contractor aligns his refurbishment team with the performance goals or preferences of the owner.
Asian Business Environment Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction China falls in the category of the fastest emerging economies in the world. The country’s economic growth from 1949 rested on the government’s commitment to formulate and implement economic development policies (Bramall 2008).
During the period ranging from 1953 to 1978, China’s rate of economic growth was 4 per cent (Thomas 2006, p.3). However, from 1978 to present, the government started implementing policies aimed at transforming the domestic economy towards market-oriented (Chow 2004, p.127).
As a result, the country’s annual economic growth rate increased by a margin ranging between 8 per cent and 10 per cent. The growth hinged on the adoption of post-Mao economic reforms. In an effort to transform the economy, the Chinese government focused on a number of aspects one of them being undertaking institutional reforms.
According to Tisdell (2009, p.271), China has undertaken extraordinary institutional reforms since 1978. These reforms have proved to be highly effective in stimulating the country’s economic growth.
However, China faces an enormous task of maintaining the country’s rate of economic growth and development in the future.
This paper aims at providing clear evidence that institutional reforms (the transition from a central planning to a market economy) provide sufficient explanation for China’s fast rate of economic growth over the past three decades.
The paper also evaluates some of the issues that China has to do in order to maintain the country’s future economic growth and development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Institutional reforms undertaken by China From 1978, China initiated institutional reforms on a number of issues. Some of the main components of reform that the government focused on included agriculture, state-owned enterprises, international investment, the country’s price system, development of non-state sectors, the banking and financial sector, economic and social infrastructure, and social welfare (Tisdell 2009, p.276).
Reform on the agriculture sector The Chinese government decided to initiate the institutional reforms by focusing on agriculture. This decision rested on the fact that agriculture was then the foundation of the Chinese economy (Tisdell 2009, p. 276).
In implementing agricultural reforms, more emphasis was paid on resource ownership, decentralisation, and the rule of law. The government introduced a system of farming known as the ‘household responsibility system’ to promote agricultural output.
The system was a shift from the previous collective farming. Through this system, each household owned land and was required to deliver a fixed amount of output to the government through the national procurement agencies.
In return, households would receive rewards for every additional output delivered (Chow 2004, p. 127). Implementing the ‘household responsibility system’ led to the Chinese farmers becoming richer which in turn improved their spending capacity.
Reforms within the agricultural sector set the foundation for undertaking reforms in other economic sectors. The reforms stimulated the Communist Party members to start supporting the market economy.
The institutional reforms undertaken within the agricultural sector will play a significant role in promoting the country’s economic growth, considering the fact that China has rich agricultural resources.
We will write a custom Essay on Asian Business Environment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More China’s agricultural resources have considerably enhanced the country’s competitive advantage with regard to attracting competitive advantage (World Trade Organisation, 2009, p. 41).
Transformation of state-owned enterprises The Chinese government appreciated the importance of transforming state-owned enterprises from being state-controlled to being autonomous in a bid to stimulate the country’s economic growth by increasing production (Chow 2004, p. 130).
These reforms gave state-owned enterprises the discretion to formulate and implement their marketing, production, and investment decisions. Consequently, the output by state-owned enterprises increased significantly.
For example, by June 1990, 45 per cent of the total output from state-industrial enterprises was from state-owned enterprises, which had been granted autonomy in their operation.
The second type of reform entailed making the state-owned enterprises financially independent (Tisdell 2009, p. 276). The government achieved this goal by giving the enterprises an opportunity to reserve a certain proportion of their earnings after paying the corporate tax.
The enterprises could either use the reserves to motivate their employees by offering them better wages and salaries in addition to undertaking capital investment.
According to Gnos and Rochon (2009, p.243), better wages and salaries amongst employees stimulate a country’s rate of economic growth by increasing consumers’ purchasing power.
Institutional reforms on state-owned enterprises have also stimulated the country’s economic growth by promoting effective and efficient management and giving up control and ownership of some of the state-owned SMEs.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Asian Business Environment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Managers and staff of the state-owned SMEs were given an opportunity to purchase shares thus giving them company ownership. Transformation of ownership of the state-owned enterprises led to capital infusion within the enterprises.
Adoption of the open-door policy As an emerging country, China is increasingly becoming an investment destination with regard to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (Wu 2006, p.7).
A report by the World Trade Organisation (2009, p.41) revealed that China overtook the United States with regard to its capacity to attract new foreign direct investment.
One of the factors that have stimulated the rate of FDI in China relates to the adoption of the open-door policy. The policy aims at stimulating foreign investment and trade.
Initially, China operated a closed market economy, which substantially limited contribution of foreign trade to the country’s national income. In 1978, foreign trade in terms of imports and exports accounted for only 7 per cent of the country’s national income.
Upon opening the economy, the country managed to promote its exports. By 1987, the contribution of foreign trade on the country’s national income increased to 25 per cent and to 37 per cent of the country’s Gross National Product (GDP) by 1998 (Chow 2004, p. 131).
The government provided the various provinces with the independence of promoting their own exports in a bid to stimulate growth in the country’s exports.
This move led to the emergence of trading companies, which specifically dealt with production of export products (Chow 2004, p. 131).
The Chinese government also opened up the Shen-zhen economic zone to promote FDI. Consequently, Hong-Kong residents were presented with the opportunity of investing in China, which meant they could exploit the available skilled but inexpensive labour.
Within a period of one decade, Sheng-zhen metamorphosed to a modern city. After some time, the Chinese government considered opening up other economic zones in order to stimulate economic growth.
The adoption of the open-up policy has stimulated three main forms of FDI, viz. establishment of wholly owned FDIs, cooperative ventures, and jointly financed enterprises (Knight
John Hick’s “Soul-Making” Theodicy and the Problem of Evil Rhetorical Essay essay help free
Many Christians find it hard to explain the problem of evil as it does not seem to correspond to the will of God. Many theistic philosophers have tried to reconcile reality with God’s existence. One of the latest contributions to this topic came from John Hick’s, through his soul-making theodicy.
Although Hick’s theodicy has influenced many people, it has several shortcomings. However, I do not support those that undermine Hick’s project because of these few shortcomings. Eventually, I will argue that everyone who believes in a powerful and excellent God should believe in the soul-making theodicy.
Hick explains Christian theodicy using two key traditions. He borrows the first theodicy from Augustine, which claims that God gave human beings freedom, but they abused it and thus brought evil on creation. Augustine’s theodicy also mentions that some people will get punishment as others receive salvation through Jesus Christ.
Hick opposes some of these claims including the fall of man, association between sin and evil as well as hell being a reprimand for sin. He decides to explain the problem of evil using a different approach from the work of Irenaeus. Irenaeus explains that man’s fall did not come from imperfection, but from immaturity of human beings.
He also explains that God created human beings in his picture and not in his likeness. He explains that human beings should make sure that their moral and spiritual development is perfect to have a personal relationship with the creator. He argues that evil seeks to reconcile human beings with God but not to punish people.
Applying Irenaeus’ work to the current times, Hicks says that we should consider the world as a dell of soul making. He views the purpose of the world as the making of people who are ready to share in the living of their own maker. He argues that God did not define characters of people during creation since characters develop from experience.
Hence, God formed human beings as spiritually and morally undeveloped creatures, who needed to evolve. Based on this story of human evolution, Hick argues that men must go wrong since they first came into a world full of suffering and wrong doings. Therefore, he argues that human souls need perfection.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moral and spiritual growth can only occur through challenges and thus a paradise with no problems would never create room for these developments. Hick also recognizes Jesus Christ as the person who came to redeem sinners.
I agree with Hick that blaming evil on the fall makes little sense. If God created us in a perfect environment, then we could have no reason to sin. God gave human beings freedom that could only work in the environment where he placed them. Since men were creatures, they lacked control and their freedom could only be decided by the creator.
Alternatively, God would have placed them in an environment where they would never sin. Since God placed men on an environment where they are prone to sin, they are not wholly accountable for their wrong doings.
However, placing men in a sin free environment would not mean that human beings have desirable morals as the environment would not be favorable for them to show their other characters. Besides, human development requires situations that call for choices, and thus Hick argues that we need pain, suffering and evil to develop moral personality that can conquer evil.
After going through Hick’s work, most people wonder the possible meaning of true freedom. Hick’s responds that men can only have freedom when God stays away from them, although men need not stay far from God to act morally. He views men as morally ignorant creatures. Thus, divine awareness would make men avoid sin at all costs.
In other words, Hick argues against men getting force to behave right and supports continuous moral development. However, we cannot claim that we get coercion to do right in this situation. Rather, we would have so much wisdom about doing right that we would have no option but to do right. Hick in this situation seems to liken freedom to ignorance.
Although we accept that coercion is wrong as it makes people work in ways that are different from their will, this is not a concern here as the process involves changing the will of people, which is part of character development. We can also argue that complete awareness of God would trigger moral development among people so that they could act as perfect beings. In any case, an immoral person can have a religious incident and change to a better person.
We will write a custom Essay on John Hick’s “Soul-Making” Theodicy and the Problem of Evil specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, Hick’s theodicy can explain the problem of evil, although it is prone to much criticism. Hick’s central argument is that human beings became placed in an imperfect world so that they can develop moral characters. Hence, everyone who believes in a powerful and excellent God should believe in the soul-making theodicy.
“The Walking Dead” and the “Bridegroom to the Goddess” Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The Irish literature is characterized by discussing a lot of social and psychological issues and depicting many mythical images. The Irish writers’ approach to presenting the common theme can be extremely different with references to using irony and satire or mild and pessimistic tone.
The play The Playboy of the Western World by John Millington Synge and the poem “The Tollund Man” by Seamus Heaney have few similar features, but the authors discuss the theme of death, accentuating the violent death, in their works.
Although Synge and Heaney use rather opposite approaches to presenting the controversial theme of death in their works where Synge concentrates on satire to depict the social and psychological issues and Heaney pays attention to the spiritual context of the question, the authors provide their vision of the violent death from the social perspective and with references to the persons’ inner world.
In his play The Playboy of the Western World, Synge emphasizes the fact of murdering as the starting point to develop the play’s plot. Thus, the idea of murder is used to represent the problems and conflicts typical for the Irish society of the 1900s along with accentuating the personal attitude to the question as the reflection of the society’s sickness.
Christy Mahon, the main character of the play, is inclined to attract the public’s attention in the tavern with stating that he has murdered his father. Thus, Mahon depicts his action saying, “I just riz the loy and let fall the edge of it on the ridge of his skull, and he went down at my feet like an empty sack, and never let a grunt or groan from him at all” (Synge 113). The unemotional language used by the author to present the character’s experience in order to emphasize the irony Mahon and the audience’s interpretation of his actions.
Synge stresses the satiric inappropriateness of interpreting Mahon’s actions as heroic with the help of remarks. For instance, Michael reacts to Mahon’s words about murdering with great respect and states, “That was a hanging crime, mister honey. You should have had good reason for doing the like of that”, and Mahon answers in a reasonable tone, “He was a dirty man, God forgive him, and he getting old and crusty, the way I couldn’t put up with him at all” (Synge 106-107).
From this point, the fact of murdering a person makes Mahon be a hero in this small community of a tavern. The reasons to explain the phenomenon can be found with references to analyzing the figures of the listeners. The community of County Mayo needs sensations to discuss, and the personality of Mahon and his action become the most interesting themes for talking about.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, the fact of the violent death is presented in Synge’s play as a chance to make the monotonous life more diverse and vivid. The author exaggerates the public’s indifference to the moral and ethical aspects of murdering a person and provides the satirical descriptions of people’s interpreting the problems of death and murder (Levitas; Regan).
The villagers are inclined to discuss the person of Mahon as the hero and “the walking Playboy of the Western World” (Synge 190). The public changes its vision of Mahon only in some time, but the progress of their considerations on Mahon’s actions is significant. However, the general representation of the topic of death in the play is characterized by depicting some satirical stories.
Thus, Mahon is afraid of “the walking dead”, and Pegeen tells the frightening story about the dead man putting “in a narrow grave” (Synge 85, 185). In spite of the people’s rather indifferent attitude to the fact of murder, they are inclined to feel fear associated with the theme of death.
Although the theme of death is also vividly discussed in Heaney’s poem “The Tollund Man”, the author’s approach to presenting the topic differs much from Synge’s accentuating the satire of tragic moments in his play. Heaney represents the concept of death from many perspectives in his poem, emphasizing the religious, spiritual, and mythical aspects along with stressing the social problems associated with the theme of the violent death.
In the first stanza, the author depicts his sacred devotion to the Tollund Man who could become the victim of the goddess, “Bridegroom to the goddess, / She tightened her torc on him / And opened her fen, / Those dark juices working / Him to a saint’s kept body” (Heaney 12-16). The death of the Tollund Man is violent, but it is sacred as well as the author’s interpretation of the man’s death as the act connected with the problem of spirituality.
Thus, the character discusses the Tollund Man as a kind of idol. Moreover, the character states, “I could risk blasphemy, / Consecrate the cauldron bog / Our holy ground and pray / Him to make germinate” (Heaney 21-24). The fact of worshipping the deity should not be discussed with references to the character’s, but it can be analyzed with accentuating his attitude to the death as the sacred act.
The author provides the analogies and parallels in relation to the violent death of the Tollund Man and the problematic social situations in Ireland and Denmark. The symbols of death are presented in the author’s pessimistic descriptions, “The scattered, ambushed / Flesh of labourers, / Stockinged corpses / Laid out in the farmyards” (Heaney 25-28).
We will write a custom Essay on “The Walking Dead” and the “Bridegroom to the Goddess” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The death is presented not only as the sacred notion but also as the real situation which is familiar for many unfortunate people who are the victims of the social orders and conflicts. The large social context provided by the author makes the problem actual for many people.
The death of the Tollund man as the part of a sacrifice accentuates the unjust character of many deaths of those people who became the victims of “sad freedom” (Heaney 33). The character stresses that having explored the Tollund man with providing the analogies he feels lost “unhappy and at home” (Heaney 44). Therefore, the theme of death is presented through the significant religious and social context.
To conclude, it is important to pay attention to the fact that although John Millington Synge and Seamus Heaney discuss the topic of the violent death in their works, the authors’ approaches to presenting and explaining the aspects of the problem are different.
Synge is inclined to accentuate the people’s attitude to the question with the help of irony and satirical interpretations, and Heaney’s tone is rather pessimistic. Synge refers to the understatement of the role of death in the person’s life, especially the violent death. Heaney is inclined to exaggerating the problem of the violent death and its victims with the help of stressing the religious symbolism.
Works Cited Heaney, Seamus. “The Tollund Man”. Opened Ground: Selected Poems, 1966-1996. Ed. Seamus Heaney. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998. 124-125. Print.
Levitas, Ben. “The Playboy of the Western World”, Modern and Contemporary Irish Drama. Ed. John Harrington. New York: W.W. Norton, 2009. 468-472. Print.
Regan, Stephen. Irish Writing: An Anthology of Irish Literature in English 1789-1939. London: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.
Synge, John Millington. “Playboy of the Western World”, Modern and Contemporary Irish Drama. Ed. John Harrington. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 2009. 68-112. Print.
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Architectural/Artistic Analysis of the Three Rooms of the Indianapolis Scottish Rite Cathedral Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Three rooms of the Indianapolis Scottish Rite Cathedral were selected for the section of this analysis requiring one to evaluate a piece of architecture. The first section that one arrives at on his/her way into the Cathedral is the Tiler’s Room.
This is part of the entrance to the cathedral and it assumes the shape of a 33ft cube. The ceiling has paintings done by hand, while the walls are entirely made o marble. On the floor of this room, is a brass medallion, bearing all twelve signs of the zodiac.
It also has a number of symbols including the scale of Justice and a double headed eagle. The wooden paneling by its brown color blends in with the bronze and gold on the tiles and windows. The design of the room is fundamentally aesthetically appealing, with all the items arranged in their own unique way, thus avoiding clutter.
This makes it easy for one to point out the various items associated with different practices. For instance on the windows above the main doors one can point out at least 33 emblems, which are known to be associated with the Scottish Rite (Lisle and Fromer, 2000).
The ballroom follows the architecture of the Elizabethan Period. It is 99ft2, with a ceiling that is 45ft above the ground. Other immediately recognizable features are a balcony on all sides of the second storey.
There are 15 oak pillars on the center. There is 66ft2 dancing area and lounges. The ceiling is hand painted and is designed to blend well with the wood on the floor. For lighting purposes, there is a large chandelier made of bronze and crystal.
It has over 190 bulbs and is held up on a winch, which can be used to drop it down for routine maintenance. Because the room was designed to host high-profile parties, it had to be given a classy look and this is well presented by the neat arrangement of floor paneling, and the lavish chandelier and the art glass windows.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The 99ft2 main lounge is designed like a typical English-style living room. The room has wood panels running from the floor to the ceiling, an arrangement that gives a home-like, but classy feeling.
There is a huge clock on one of the walls and the statue of a knight. On the windows on one side of the room are symbols that are dedicated to the arts and sciences.
They have symbols and images of items found in Medicine, Law, Engineering and Music among other fields, indicating that the place was mainly frequented by learned members of the society.
The painting titled our flag, by Frederic Edwin Church is a representational piece of art currently on display at the Paine Turn of the Century American Art Gallery. It is a 21 ½ by 13 ½ in. oil on canvas painting depicting an American Flag standing strong on a rocky mountain.
As far as the artistic style is concerned, the artist used a very fine stroke, accentuating on the edges. The mix of colors is primarily dominated by earth-tone shades, giving the painting a time-less form (Janaro and Altshuler, 2011).
The balance of items on the painting was well thought out, with the main subjects given the prominence and the other items serving to direct the attention of the viewer to one central focus (Janaro and Altshuler, 2011).
Perspective was one of the key items that the artist made sure was well presented in this work. The flag, the smoke and the rocky mountain spring up in the middle-ground with the foreground being represented by the dark twiggy outcrops, and the background majorly dominated by the sky and the glow of the sunset.
We will write a custom Essay on Architectural/Artistic Analysis of the Three Rooms of the Indianapolis Scottish Rite Cathedral specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This splitting of the painting based on the constituent elements has helped give the final product a three-dimensional feel, as we learnt in class through Chapter Five of the course work.
Church, the artist, as a firm supporter of the Union and in 1864, he created the work of art to symbolize that the Union would eventually emerge supreme in the American Civil War (Ackerman, 1994; Carr, 2007).
This is well-illustrated by the 31-star flag of the union, fluttering high, amidst a cloud of smoke. The flag, represents the will of the majority, while the craggy base on which it is rooted is the bourgeois-the ruling class, whose main desire is to continually make life harder for the rest.
The smoke rising from the base of the rock represents the dying embers of a difficult fight; the fifth from which the Union came out triumphant.
Behind the two fore-ground items, is an orange hue, which easily represents the sunset. Apart from offering the contrast needed to make the mountain and the flag stand out, this setting of the sun can be interpreted to show that after a hard day of challenges, it is the Union that is left standing tall.
On the bottom edge, there is a musky shadow of twigs depicting the less-than-perfect origins of the Civil War. Presented in a silhouette, the shadow also represents the ill motive that kept fuelling the war.
Reference List Ackerman, G. (1994). American Orientalists. USA: Acr-edition.
Carr, G. (2007). Frederic Edwin Church: romantic landscapes and seascapes. Boston: Adelson Galleries.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Architectural/Artistic Analysis of the Three Rooms of the Indianapolis Scottish Rite Cathedral by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Janaro, R.,
Exporting Strategies of SME and MNE Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Exporting for SMEs
Exporting for MNEs
Introduction Exporting is a market entry strategy in which a company sells its products to the target country after manufacturing them in another location. SMEs and MNEs must weigh the advantages and disadvantage of this strategy prior to adopting it.
Analysis Small and medium enterprises can enjoy a number of advantages if they choose exporting as an entry mode. First, the strategy has minimal risk; most SMEs do not have the luxury of taking a lot of risk because they will feel the effect of market shocks almost immediately. Furthermore, the strategy does not require a lot of resource input.
This is highly favourable to SMEs because many of them have limited capital to begin with. Therefore, they can only invest in strategies that do not require too much financial commitment. Exporting also minimises the distribution chain within a certain organisation and thus increases the amount of returns gained by the SME.
If such companies select market strategies that involve collaboration with various parties, then they may have to share profits with many players, yet amounts may not even be high. Since small businesses are good at giving personal services, the exporting strategy would be ideal for such organisations because it will provide the SME with direct market contact.
Companies can get to know their clientele and give them support wherever they are. Additionally, since small and medium enterprises are still at the initial stages of growth, it makes sense to pursue a low commitment entry mode. The firm can gradually increase its commitment to the chosen market after it becomes larger (Lis et. al. 2012).
On the flipside, SMEs must contend with the loss of control over marketing mix elements such as price since tariffs may come in the way. Additionally, the strategy will still require investment in sales. Cultural differences between the exporter and the target market could minimise the SMEs chances of success. It is also possible to find trade restrictions in the target country.
Small businesses may have difficulties in accessing information about the trade regulations or financing opportunities available in that country. Even finding potential customers may be difficult for SMEs who have little experience in the field.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Exporting for SMEs Advantages Disadvantages minimal risk loss of control over marketing mix negligible resource input investment in sales minimises the distribution chain cultural differences direct market contact accessing information low commitment finding potential customers Multinational enterprises can protect themselves from excess risk if they choose exporting as a market entry strategy. However, most MNEs are already at a mature phase of growth, so they can handle risk. Exporting also provides MNEs with the opportunity of studying a certain market before setting up production facilities.
Additionally, this strategy allows the organisation to learn its customers and thus meet their needs effectively. Furthermore, organization may also get an opportunity to protect their copyrights and patents through exporting (Rialp et. al. 2005).
Several MNEs take pride in establishment of a strong brand image in target nations. If they choose exporting, then chances are that they will surrender control to overseas stakeholders. Since a lot of resources are already involved in MNEs, then this could prove to be quite troubling for the organisation. Multinationals have the advantage of high levels of experience as well as huge capital investment.
Therefore, their market entry mode strategies should be guided by transaction costs or bargaining power. In the transaction cost theory, a firm ought to consider the amount it stands to loose if it makes a strong commitment in a host county, through licensing or full ownership (Taylor et. al. 2000). Therefore, multinationals would find more cost savings if they transferred production to host nations.
Since exporting does not entail more cost savings, then it would not be advantageous for multinationals to select it. Additionally, it is quite difficult for MNEs to respond to customer demands as effectively as smaller organisation. Products that require onsite support cannot be sold effectively (Whelan et. al. 2011).
Exporting for MNEs Advantages Disadvantages Protection from excess risk surrender control to overseas stakeholders studying a certain market more cost savings elsewhere protect their copyrights and patents slow response to customer demands no consideration of licensing or ownership Having considered the advantages and disadvantages of exporting as a market entry strategy, it is clear that companies must strike a balance between risk aversion and customer contact. SMEs have minimal resources so they are bound to be more risk averse than MNEs; exporting is thus ideal for them.
Besides, SMEs are still at the early stages of business growth, so they need to learn new markets before they can increase their commitment. On the other hand, MNEs have already reached a maturity phase, their concern should be cost savings in production rather than risk aversion, so exporting would not make much sense.
We will write a custom Essay on Exporting Strategies of SME and MNE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Small and medium sized enterprises are in a position to offer highly personalised service; conversely, MNEs may not prioritise this issue as much as smaller firm, so exporting would be more suitable for SMEs. Nonetheless, both organisations may need to exert control over their businesses if they sell technical items or if they value their brand image.
Furthermore, an MNE may have experienced a series of internationalisation failures in various markets; therefore, it may be more risk averse than usual (Ahsan
Possession of Knowledge and Ethical Responsibility Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
It has been an argument for a long time whether people are supposed to reveal or conceal knowledge that they have gained. It is common to observe situations and events where people have intentionally withheld information which could have been used for the benefit of society.
In this regard, it has been argued by many people that possession of knowledge comes with ethical responsibility, especially concerning the use of information gained. However, there is always a conflict of interests when one contemplates on whether to reveal or conceal information he or she has learned. Therefore, it is important to explore the idea as to whether people become ethically responsible by means of possessing knowledge.
To begin with, it is paramount to define what is meant by ethical responsibility. Ethics is generally defined in society as the ability to choose right from the wrong, and differentiate between good behavior and bad behavior. Some people go further and consider ethical responsibility as the possibility of one to prevent evil from taking place, and nurturing good deeds as being ethically correct.
However, ethics does not necessarily mean good and bad; right and wrong, or evil and prosperity. It goes deeper to stress on what can critically be regarded as expected code of conduct in society. In general, ethics entails moral values that are used to define the behavior of a person in society, and thus dictates what is expected of a person.
It should be noted that ethics does not only guide behaviors that are peculiar to given societies, but also includes what can be referred to as universal code of conduct. In this regard, ethical responsibility refers to the societal expectation that people will do anything within their power to prevent both themselves and others from harm.
Based on the above definition, it follows that possession of knowledge comes with ethical responsibility, though this depends on the kind of information. Firstly, it is the ethical responsibility of every person to make society a better place to live in. In this regard, if by any chance one happens to have knowledge of an event, either happening or about to happen, which can cause destruction to the society, the person is bound to reveal the information.
Take for example a person who has knowledge about a criminal gang or a crime that has taken place. If the person keeps quite, the crime will go unreported or the criminal gang will continue with their heinous activities causing harm to members of the society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If the matter is reported, there are more chances that the criminals will be arrested, so there might be less future crimes. Consequently, possessing the information like this will impose an ethical responsibility on a person to report the matter to respective authorities.
Similarly, some knowledge imposes commitment and challenge to the person with the knowledge to react or risk many people’s lives. People with knowledge about some live threatening or live saving ideas are obliged to share the information, or use the information for the benefit of everyone in the society.
However, in certain instances there is a conflict of interest between saving one’s live and the society, while putting personal life in jeopardy. If a person finds some food in a hidden place and the whole village is starving, the person will be torn between telling the other members of the village about the food and serving personal interests.
Ethics demands that the food is shared among village members. On the other hand, giving the food to the society members means risking personal life since there is no guarantee that food will be found again.
The case where Daniel Elisberg made public the pentagon papers that contained illegal and unconstitutional issues that were being perpetrated by the president and high ranking officials have been debated for long. Daniel knew that the public was being deceived especially regarding Vietnam War.
It should be noted that the whole public was being misguided by the very institution that was supposed to guide the nation. Ethical responsibility calls on any person to prevent any evil in society; lies are part of evil in the society. It was, therefore, Daniel’s ethical responsibility to make the public aware of the correct information.
However, there are instances when advantages and disadvantages of ethical responsibility have to be weighed before making any decision. Take the case where scientists discover some new technologies which can help in improving society, but can also be misused by evil minded people.
We will write a custom Essay on Possession of Knowledge and Ethical Responsibility specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Scientists will be ethically obliged to release the technology to the public to be used in making life easier. On the other hand, conscience will trouble the scientists in case the technology is misused because they will feel responsible for the effects.
In this situation, a choice has to be made because the ethical responsibility is two way, namely, aiding the society in making their lives easier and protecting evil from occurring. Ethics requires that a person should always endeavor for happiness not only for himself but also for others. Consequently, scientists have the obligation of ensuring that they use their knowledge to make the society a happy place to live in.
Moreover, some roles in the society enable one person to have knowledge about some important issues which either need to be kept secret or made public for the sake of others. Managers of companies usually have knowledge of some secret company information which can be used against the firm if enemies find it.
Consequently, directors and any other people who happen to have this information are ethically obliged to use the information in a way that is only beneficial to the company. It should be noted that managers and company directors are ethically bound to protect company assets, including information.
On the same note, various professionals usually have knowledge that is beneficial to the society. During medical emergencies, doctors are called upon to use their knowledge to save lives. Some of the situations might be risky to the doctors themselves. Under normal circumstances, every human being will choose to protect personal live over society.
Nevertheless, doctors have a moral duty of helping people and will thus have to help the situation. The case is the same for other professionals for example, police officers, fire fighters and engineers, to name a few. Therefore, accessing any kind of knowledge comes with ethical responsibility either to reveal or to conceal the same.
It all depends on whether the knowledge can cause harm or reprieve when revealed. All in all, it is upon each and every one of us to make informed choices whenever faced with ethical dilemmas, especially regarding possession of knowledge.
“Piss and Vinegar”- An Editorial History of a Graduate Student Folklore Journal Essay (Article) essay help online free
Culture and Tradition Journal has reached a milestone by having had twenty-five volumes so far. The twenty-fifth volume titled “Ethnologies” is already out. The previous volume “Canadian Folklore” elicited quite a debate owing to its title.
The magazine covers several issues that are important to students. The magazine was first published in 1976 using funds that were initially meant for a college tour. With the magazine being bilingual, it was agreed that it would also have two titles.
Early editions of the magazine did not include introduction and editorial pages. Moreover, in the initial issue of the magazine the editors were quick to pronounce their impartiality. Eventually when the journal’s terms of reference were reviewed, the editorial page came into being. As the editors kept changing, so did the views of the editorial body. For instance, after seven years of publication there were claims that the previous editorial team was too conservative.
The eighth volume of the journal mainly covered issues of Canadian folklore. This issue was meant to precede the publication of a book on the same subject. Among the contents of this issue were short biographies of those who may be considered the founders of Canadian folklore.
In the tenth volume, the message was mainly an appreciation for the milestone. All the stakeholders were thanked immensely for their contributions. It was also in this article that French and English articles were published alternatively.
Laval and memorial themes were collaborated in the twelfth volume of publication. The issue was in itself a success due to the reactions it elicited. The same trend was continued in volume thirteen. However, most contributions by Laval were from a single course.
During the 1980s, the editorial teams had formed a pattern of harmonizing their issues. This was in spite of the fact that there were ongoing undercurrents. The strife was mostly because of the divergent views of Laval and Memorial camps.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Publication of the fourteenth volume coincided with various global events including the Olympics. This was also the first issue with notable political undertones. In the subsequent volumes, the articles in the magazine started having introductory synopses. Those introductory remarks served as a statement in support of folklore.
By the seventeenth issue, the Laval editorial team had relinquished its editorial duties. This left all the editorial responsibilities to the Memorial team. Soon after, the editorial pages were again out of circulation. None of the issues that followed made any impact that can be considered out of the ordinary. However, during publication of the nineteenth volume a journal contributor was awarded.
The current issue still fables with tensions between conservative and dynamic camps. Culture and Tradition journal has been more successful than other similar student publications. For instance, Folklore Forum Journal has failed to carry on with the momentum it had at its inception. The biggest challenge faced by the aforementioned publication is mostly lack of contributors. Currently, there are reports that Folklore Forum has ceased production.
This leaves Culture and Tradition as the only student folklore journal in North America. In anticipation of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Culture and Tradition, magazine students have been requested to make their article submissions. This message urges the contributors to keep going even after a quarter century of success stories. In conclusion, the journal has grown to international standards due to the efforts of all those involved.
Campaign Brief on Nike Essay essay help
Brief Introduction Business area, mission, key marketing objectives, fascinating facts
NIKE was founded in the 1960s and began mainly dealing with footwear. The company dealt mainly with footwear that bore its trademark swooshes. The company quickly expanded and began running advertisement campaigns, which would soon see the company own more than 50% of the market share in the US.
The primary advertising agent that NIKE has used since it began advertising is Wieden Kennedy. This company has continuously devised print and television advertisements for Nike. Over the years since its establishments Nike has expanded its product line to include many sports products. It has also grown production to many regions over the world.
Nike has acquired many of its competitors such as Umbro. This has strengthened its market position. Marketing is a very elaborate process of communicating the products of the company to prospective consumers (Richard, Wilson,
Inflation Tax – Printing More Money to Cover the War Expenses Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
‘Inflation tax’ and how what it is
Why government impose inflation tax
Introduction Evidently, during the time of revolutionary war, the American colonies were faced with serious financial challenges. In fact, they could not be able to finance the war. This left Americans in a state of financial crisis. At such times, Americans had often opted to print more money to compensate for the enduring scarcity of hard cash. These notes not only helped to ease credit but also facilitated commercial activities (Hall, 78).
It is crucial to agree that American Colonies could not raise enough tax revenue to fully fund their war efforts during the revolutionary war; hence, they resorted to “inflation tax” by printing more cash leading to a financial value loss suffered by holders of cash, fixed-rate bonds, and fixed income provisions.
The subsequent encroachment of inflation diminishes the value of money hence even if people (some) had more money, the value of their cash was meaningless, a phenomenon similar to tax collection, which reduces the total amount of money one is suppose to have.
The congress can decide to print more currency to meet its needs. Central dollars maintained their worth despite the economic strains created by the war. Undesirably, there was no well-organized system put in place to settle the bills. At the beginning of the war, the states imposed a little taxation, although the congress made appeals to make levies payable in continental currency.
The congress together with the states intensified this crisis by producing new currency issues. A total of $191,552,380 had been printed by the congress and another $200,000,000 printed by the states by the end of year 1779 (Hall, 77). In addition, the unavoidable war initiated economic disruptions, which resulted into devastating inflation. The value of American currency declined. Here, the reasons behind printing more money as well as what is actually taxed is analyzed and discussed
‘Inflation tax’ and how what it is “ Actually, ‘inflation tax’ is not a legitimate system through which the government gets its revenue; rather, it is a consequence of holding money during the periods of high inflation. Every time more cash is printed by the government, the market gets flooded with money. This eventually increases the rates of inflation. An investor who has securities in form of real estate or any other kind of assets, inflation consequences may be insignificant.
However, for individual holding cash, the value decreases subsequent to inflation. The units of decline in the worth of money are referred to as ‘inflation tax’. If the rate of inflation is 10%, any person who holds one thousand US dollars in cash for one year will have to pay 10% of that cash in taxes. This penalizes people holding money in form of cash (mostly small or medium scale earners according to the economists).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Quite often, low income earners have fixed pays, incomes or allowances and they do not have a means of evading local inflation by moving their assets to other countries. The loss of monetary value resulting from inflation tax is often indicated by the decline in the purchasing power.
When additional money is printed and released to circulate, the government will practically spend less. This indicates the inflation tax mentioned earlier. Actually, printing is the only cost incurred by the government. The cost of manufacturing 50 cents is more than printing each paper of whichever value.
Besides paper, the government only requires a printing press, which they own. In this case, the government is trying to make value from nonentity. This money can then be spent on any extravagant projects by the government without any distress because it is ‘free’. This is how the Americans obtained the extra cash they could use in financing war during revolutionary period.
This situation could be less serious if the printed cash was issued to every individual to spend. According to economists, in this case, everybody would have lots of cash without value. However, the government fails to do that. This money is put into lavish projects or simply given to friends of top government officials. It’s a devious manner of imposing tax on people since it occurs gradually that nobody notices.
Additionally, it is concealed since no legalities are followed. In contrary to other taxes, where an individual is obliged to pay at a certain rate, nobody is asked to remit any cash. Practically, people feel wealthier since there is increment in their wages or house costs and they have even more cash but with very low value. Inflation occurs so covertly since there are no laws to be either passed or voted down. However, inflation normally advances the financial position of persons who have unresolved fixed interest obligations such as credits and loans.
Why government impose inflation tax Just like any other kind of tax, the government levies inflation tax to cater for its expenditures. Rather than increasing tax rates or borrowing money from other federal financial agencies to raise enough cash, the government opts to print more money to afford goods and services. As the amount of money in circulation increases comparative to creation of goods and services, costs also rises. Families and corporations are left poorer since they now have less power to purchase with their available cash.
An individual can easily evade inflation tax by just avoiding holding cash. According to economic theories, there is a peak inflation rate. At this rate, the amount of inflation tax income gets to the maximum point. Any rate above this maximum rate causes the amount of cash held to decline to the extent that tax income obtained from the inflation tax starts to reduce its buying power.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Inflation Tax – Printing More Money to Cover the War Expenses specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If the inflation rates are low, corporations and households find it easy to pay for the inflation tax because they consider it essential cost of appreciating the suitability of holding money in cash (Steuerle 91).
There are extra ways in which inflation tax can help the government to make money. One of the means of gaining surplus tax incomes is by causing tax payers to pay more taxes. Inflation tax as well shrinks the actual, inflation attuned sum of debt owned by the government. Generally, there are no systems or even extra tax collectors required to gather the inflation tax.
Without inflation tax, an individual having $1000 in a reserve account netting an interest of $30 per year, gets $30 since the actual savings rise. However, whenever there is an increment in rates of costs by 6%, then the actual buying power of the reserve amount, $1000, is declining and the interest cannot be able to completely pay for this.
Taking inflation into consideration, there will be a deficit since the purchasing power will have declined in the subsequent year (McConnell 87). Thus the account holder will have suffered a loss of some amount. Yet, the tax regulations do not take into account the influences of the actual varying actual values. In this way the account holder find himself paying taxes, even without factual income.
Currently, there are several options of raising cash by the government than there were during revolutionary period. Banks, financial institutions and financial markets lets the government to borrow cash without degrading their money. Since the ownership of resources is transferred to the public sector, this liability is paid by somebody. If more cash is borrowed by the government, higher rates of interest will soften and higher rates will not be felt.
The borrowing by the government is one of the numerous issues affecting interest rates. Since interest rates influence other variables like savings and also considering that cost of bonds varies inversely with rates of interests, it is quite difficult to ascertain accurately persons affected by the government shortfall (Mconnel et al. 87).
When governments combine different regulations for expenditures and taxes, they can easily induce inflation. Nonetheless, when this takes place, every so often political business persons enlighten the public of the harmful effects of inflation and promise to implement policies to stop this crisis. Therefore, the selfishness theory of the regime is constant with inflation rates or steady prices. The incapacity of this particular theory to provide a strong forecast is a weakness in itself (Tanzi 102).
By increasing the inflation rate, the government also believes that it will improve trade equilibrium of the state by generating more exports with low value currency. This also declines imports. Larger fractions of the inflation tax also affect foreign holders of permanent debts in the low value currency.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Inflation Tax – Printing More Money to Cover the War Expenses by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Taxation imposed on creditors is associated with concurrent transferals to borrowers. This decreases their debt liability. If wealth is transferred to individuals who will expend it, an inflation tax can be able to stimulate additional rise in the actual economic growth.
According to those opposed to this taxation, it has no any accord or agreement. The government simply raises the tax burden on people with no any form of jurisdictive endorsement (McConnell 52). There is no even any public statement or declaration of proliferation of taxes.
Detractors also mention the serious negative impacts of inflation on low income earning citizens. Economists appeared to have identified the negative influences of inflation tax several years back. However, very little consideration was given to it till the 20th Century, when printing paper cash started taking a lead in the financial systems.
Conclusion Whenever the government prints more money and gives out credit, they simply raise the quantity of money available in the economy. In most cases, this is done when there is financial crisis in the country like during period of American Revolution war. This normally results into inflation that affects the poorer most since they are more likely to hold their money in form of cash.
According to economists, increasing paper money causes a decline in the value of cash, implying low purchasing power. This is because increasing the available cash in circulation also increases costs. Therefore, even though an individual earns more cash, only same amount of materials can be afforded.
Unfortunately, the amount of savings also declines since the worth of money is reduced. In conclusion, printing more cash does not make people wealthier. The best way to make citizens of a country richer is producing more goods in a proficient manner. This will not only help to reduce the costs of commodities but will also result into economic growth.
Works Cited Hall, Robert. Inflation: Causes and Effects. Chicago, CHI University of Chicago press, 1994.print
McConnell, Brue. Macroeconomics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2012. Print.
Steuerle, Eugene. Studies of Government Finance. Washington DC: Brookings Education press. 1985. Print
Tanzi, Vito. Taxation, Inflation, and Interest Rates. Washington, DC: international Monetary Fund. 1984. Print.
Married to the Wrong Sex Essay essay help free
There exists a lot of historical and archeological evidence that prove that throughout history people have exhibited ways of expressing one’s sexuality other than the heterosexual marriage community that is prevalent in the majority of our Western societies. In addition, the fact that homosexual behavior is present among all other animal species gives us a reason to believe that homosexuality has been present in human species since the dawn of mankind.
However, for various reasons, it has been systematically suppressed and opposed within the Judeo-Christian and Muslim cultural framework for millennia. Such a cultural attitude has shaped the minds of the majority of population living within those cultural conditions to view homosexuality as deviant and immoral. Motivated by these conditions, Jodi Shaw writes a story commenting on the dynamics between an individual’s nature, and the pressures that society exerts on their true identity.
Shaw’s story is at the same time pessimistic and optimistic since on the one hand, it shows that such values are now at least questioned by more and more members of our culture, but on the other hand, despite all the changes, the value systems are still strong enough to give support to conservative practices.
In this light, it is best to first examine the concept of patriarchy as an overarching notion that holds the existing social structure in place. Patriarchy, as it is defined by scholars working within the field of gender and queer studies, is a form of social relations which on the basis of biological differences between males and females, builds a structure of political, economic, cultural and social subjugation of women under the assumption that men are in some ways superior to them (Pateman, 207).
What is very important is that such a system draws from a set of unfounded beliefs which are necessary for it to remain in place. In addition to the belief in male superiority, this concept also includes the claim that marriage is holy, and that it should be only between members of different sexes. This way, precisely because this complex and powerful system is built on such false beliefs, the goal of its proponents is to portray all the deviations from that system of values as unnatural and sinful.
One of the most famous intellectuals of the twentieth century, Michael Foucault, has brilliantly exposed the way in which these power structures have changed throughout history. His claim is that although the way of exercising power has moved from the domain of violence, torture and punishment – the Right to Death, as he puts it, to the domain of inner-life of an individual – the form of control that he calls Power over Life (Foucault, 189).
He analyzes all the forms of hidden coercion that are used to induce self-discipline and obedience without overt violence and punishment. For example, statistics and norms of different kind cause individuals to try to adhere to them in order to be accepted. Most importantly for this purpose, he also mentions cultural norms and values as essential to this project. He further argues that most of the dangerous political ideas stem from the claim that certain individuals should be rejected for the good of the group (Foucault, 139).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With the aid of these theoretical concepts, we can now view the specific case of the character name Brady in Shaw’s story. What we see in Brady’s case is a pure example of an individual conforming to a group at the expense of his own self-interest precisely for the reason that he finds the value system of the group correct.
He finds that family life and parenthood are the essence of human life, and since the society fights for them, then he should confirm to the norms of the society even if that means rejecting his self-identity, which is for the most part defined by the fact that he is gay. However, he does not realize that even though some of the maxims within our cultural tradition are, in fact, positive and praiseworthy, they should be critically examined and rethought if the basic principles of that system are flawed.
For example, if our value system is based upon the claim that men are superior to women, and that only acceptable type of love is between individuals of opposite sex, then even though we like the fact that it values parenthood, we should reformulate our system of values so that it still contains family and parenthood, but rejects the unfounded claims.
Brady is quite sure that the only right thing to do is to continue with his current life even if it makes him miserable because he views Christianity and parenthood as ultimate values. However, what he lacks is the critical understanding that by lying to himself and the rest of his family, he is undermining his own project of parenthood. In other words, his chances of being a good father are far less if he pretends to be something he is not.
In addition, he does not realize that a Christian community that rejects some of its members for being different and acting in accordance with their nature is, in fact, the antithesis of what a Christian community should be. What is worse, he makes it clear that he realizes that the community is wrong about some claims, but he is willing to sacrifice himself for it, nevertheless.
Turning now to the question of liberation, the majority of authors agree that some steps towards liberation should be taken, and I find this idea quite obvious. However, they diverge on the question how the liberation from this patriarchic hegemony should be carried out.
Hassel et al (2011), for example, claim that the project should be carried out through education, and teaching about the concept of patriarchy at courses such as women’s studies and the like. For that reason, they set out to construct detailed teaching methodology. They claim that the concept of patriarchy is the crucial one in education, and once the students grasp it, it becomes far easier to tackle other issues (Hassel et al, 2).
We will write a custom Essay on Married to the Wrong Sex specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Robson (2002) discusses the options of the minorities oppressed by the patriarchic society. His dilemma is whether the resistance should take on a fiercer form. He realizes that the dichotomy between assimilation and resistance is fallacious (Robson, 631).
This idea is similar to Foucault’s (1980) in that they both view overt resistance as futile within the current conditions of power since it is often the case that in implicit domination, overt resistance, in fact, complements the existing social structure.
However, I would argue that even though both political and educational forms of struggle have to exist, the crucial battles will be fought in the domain of culture, which is one of the reasons why Shaw’s story is very valuable.
Firstly, cultural critiques in general can help us uncover the hidden methods of coercion that we are victims of, and also expose the fallacies that underlie our culturally conditioned way of reasoning in both social and political spheres. Today, this view is quite widespread since the conscious realization of the problem is the first step towards the solution, and sadly, the majority of population is still unable to realize that there are very deep problems with our conception of society.
Second, and perhaps even more important, aspect of the story’s significance is that it aims at presenting an individual’s struggle, which gives the element of concreteness to the idea of gay rights. This is especially important since people who are not directly affected by a problem tend to view it as abstract and not really existing.
Only when it affects them or they hear a story of a real individual affected by the problem, do they stop to think and consider the issue. The examples of such attitude towards real issues are endless. In addition to gay rights, there is the problem of child molestation, increasing cancer incidence, poverty, etc. People, also tend to be more judgmental towards an idea than towards a real person.
The reason for this is that people have the ability to empathize, and picture themselves in somebody else’s shoes. Once they do this, even if they think that a person is wrong they can relate their own errors to those of that individual, and be sympathetic. There is no need to mention the effect this has once people realize that the person is suffering with no fault of their own.
Therefore, Shaw does a great job in giving a picture of a real individual suffering immensely because of the distorted value system that our history and culture have encumbered upon us. The picture of a suffering gay man rejecting one of the most important aspects of his personality just because his family would not accept his real person is a disappointing one, but it serves as a means of transferring the idea that there are millions of people sharing Brady’s destiny, and each of us carries a grain of guilt for remaining silent under such conditions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Married to the Wrong Sex by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In conclusion, Shaw’s short story reminds us of how distorted our value system is, and the consequences that such a state can have on individual people. She reminds us of marginalized individual tragedies that are unseen and hidden from the eyes of the public. The story also shows how culturally conditioned distorted values can be appreciated by people on a rational basis even though by doing so they are fighting against their own nature and correct ethical impulses.
This way of cultural and artistic representation does the best job in bringing ideas and problems close to people’s minds so they could relate, and throw away the spiteful and stubborn views passed down from generations of ignorance about human nature and misrepresentation of one of its integral components. Therefore, the future line of struggle can and must take place in the realm of opinions, and philosophies which are no longer viable have to be thrown away on rational grounds without violence.
Works Cited Pateman, Carole. The Sexual Contract. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988. Print.
Foucault, Michel. The history of sexuality. New York: Vintage Books, 1980. Print.
Hassel, Holly, Amy Reddinger, and Jessica van Slooten. “Surfacing the Structures of Patriarchy: Teaching and Learning Threshold Concepts in Women’s Studies*.” International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 5 (2011): 1-19. Print.
Robson, Ruthan. “Introduction: Assimilation and/or Resistance.” Seattle Journal for Social Justice 1 (2002): 631-650. Print.
The Tragedy of Othello Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
William Shakespeare’s work titled The tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice, is thought to have been based on an Italian short story Un Capitano Moro (Jones 2). Un Capitano Moro, means ‘a Moorish captain’. The tragedy of Othello has four main characters. They include Othello, who is the lead actor; Desdemona, Othello’s wife; Cassio, Othello’s lieutenant; and Iago a junior officer in the army (Jones 2).
Shakespeare depicts Othello as a Moorish general in the Venetian army, with immense power. Shakespeare’s work, The tragedy of Othello, has four main themes: racism, love, jealousy, and betrayal (Jones 2). This paper endeavors to discuss what makes Othello a tragic figure and whether or not his tragedy is self inflicted or it is beyond his control.
William Shakespeare’s introduces the audience to his literal work by highlighting a confrontation between Roderigo, who is depicted as a wealthy and corrupt gentleman, and Iago. Apparently, Roderigo questions Iago as to why he had not informed him about the secret marriage between Othello and Desdemona.
Roderigo had initially requested Senator Brabantio, Desdemona’s father for permission to marry his daughter. As such, Roderigo feels unhappy with the turnaround of events and he finds it hard to accept the fact that he had lost Desdemona to Othello. During the confrontation, it is evident that Iago is unhappy with the action taken by Othello to promote Cassio to a higher rank. In addition, Iago paints a picture that Othello had gone to bed with his wife, Emilia.
Iago vows to fight back and his aim is to impair Othello’s power. Since Iago and Roderigo had one common enemy, Othello, they decided to work together with the main goal of punishing their enemy. Thus, Iago convinces Roderigo to inform Desdemona’s father about Desdemona’s secret marriage to Othello. Iago secretly plans a confrontation between Othello and Senator Brabantio. He informs Othello that his father in law is on the way.
However, before Senator Brabantio had arrived, Othello is summoned by the senate to plan on how to counter an alleged attack from their neighbors, the Turks. Upon his arrival, “Desdemona’s father accuses his son in law before the senate of using witchcraft to seduce his daughter” (Nabil 5).
However, Othello disagrees with his father in law’s accusations and states that Desdemona loves him. The senate believes Othello’s side of the story and he is excused to focus on the impeding war. Senator Brabantio exits but warns Othello that Desdemona will betray him. Othello is ordered by his superior Duke to go and command the Venetian army against the Turks. Othello goes along with his wife, Cassio, Iago, and Emilia.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Upon their arrival at the battleground, they find that their enemies had been destroyed by a heavy storm. Othello, as the commander of the Venetian army calls for a general celebration. The party gives Iago a chance to scheme his vengeance against Othello and Cassio. Iago intends to spoil the relationship between Othello and Cassio, so he uses Roderigo to achieve his mission. Iago ensures that Cassio has taken excess wine and becomes drank. This makes it easy for Roderigo to engage Cassio in a fight.
A disturbance erupts following the fight between Cassio and Roderigo, and Othello is forced to calm the situation. Othello is unhappy with Cassio and demotes him. This action demoralizes Cassio. Iago finds another chance to inflict his revenge on Cassio and Othello. Iago asks Cassio to request Desdemona to be the mediator between him and Othello so that she can talk to her husband and ask Othello to reinstate him.
Iago cements his scheme by informing Othello to be weary of a growing relationship between Desdemona and Cassio. Cassio finds a prostitute called Bianca to sooth him following the stress he had after being demoted. Desdemona accidentally drops a handkerchief, which Othello had given her as a symbol of their love. Emilia takes the handkerchief an aware of its significance. Iago request Emilia to give him the handkerchief. Iago uses it to paint a picture that Cassio and Desdemona are having an affair.
He then secretly places the handkerchief in Cassio’s bedroom. Iago then informs Othello about this incident. He request Othello to stand at a distance as he questions Cassio about the handkerchief. During their discussion, Cassio speaks bout the name of Bianca so quietly that Othello believes he is truly having an affair with Desdemona.
However, Iago’s scheme almost suffers a setback. As he discusses the handkerchief issue with Cassio, Bianca arrives and accuses Cassio for allegedly cheating on her with Desdemona. Othello realizes this development and gives his wife’s infidelity allegations a second thought. However, Iago successfully manages to convince him that Desdemona is cheating on him with Cassio.
Othello vows to kill Desdemona. He also asks Iago to get rid off Cassio. Out of anger, Othello mistreats his Wife and even hits her before her family. Roderigo gives up on his pursuit of Desdemona but Iago encourages him to continue with his aim. At the same time, Cassio is appointed the governor of Cyprus. Iago uses this development to ask Roderigo to go on with his pursuit (Nabil 5).
Iago asks Roderigo to kill Cassio. Iago informs Roderigo that he should continue pursing Desdemona because Othello and Desdemona are likely to leave the country if Cassio assumes office thus limiting his chances of getting Desdemona. Roderigo sees the sense and continues with his pursuit.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Tragedy of Othello specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Roderigo attacks Cassio as he leaves Bianca’s house. Iago takes the opportunity during the fight between Cassio and Roderigo to cut Cassio’s leg from behind. Iago disguises himself such that no one notices him. Iago then joins passers by who had come to rescue Cassio. However, Cassio recognizes Roderigo as one of those who had assaulted him. On realizing this, Iago secretly gets rid off Roderigo in fear of the fact that Roderigo might confess.
During the same night, Othello kills his wife and Emilia arrives in time and witnesses the act (Nabil 5). Othello tries to make Emilia see the reasons as to why he had killed Desdemona. However, Emilia screams for help. This draws the attention of the governor, Iago and Cassio. Emilia explains to the astonished audience about Othello’s heinous act. Othello tries to justify his act by revealing the incident of the handkerchief.
After Othello’s testimony, Emilia realizes that Iago had used the handkerchief to scheme the allegation that Cassio and Desdemona had an affair. Emilia reveals to the others what Iago had done. Unfortunately, Iago kills her for exposing him. At the same time, Othello is left devastated because he realizes that his wife was innocent.
Out of anger, he attacks Iago but he decided not to kill him so that Iago would live with guilt. Iago states that he would not reveal his motives. Both Iago and Othello are apprehended. However, Othello commits suicide by stubbing himself with a sword on their way to the custody. Iago is taken to custody and at the same time Cassio takes his position as the governor of Cyprus.
Having looked at the plot The Tragedy of Othello, it is evident that Othello’s tragedy is not self inflicted and it was not within his control. In addition, it was as a result of his tragic law. Othello appears strong from the outside but actually he is weak inside. His love for Desdemona is the biggest weakness and his enemies take advantage of this weakness. Othello loved his wife so dearly that he could not bear seeing her with another man.
Iago takes advantage of this situation to get back at Othello for having promoted his junior Cassio, and for allegedly sleeping with his wife, Emilia. Iago schemes traps in which Othello falls unknowingly. Experts argue that is blind and people who are in love are likely to make irrational decisions. This is often true in cases whereby a lover is weak inside. Othello is a perfect example. Iago made Othello believe that his wife, Desdemona was having an affair with his assistant, Cassio.
The mistake that Othello did was he failed to investigate those allegations. He relied heavily on hearsay from Iago. Othello’s tragic ending can also be attributed to his tragic law. He made the mistake of believing in Iago rather than his soul mate. Othello fell in Iago’s trap on two critical occasions (Young 4). In the first occasion, Othello was made to believe that it was Cassio who started the fight at the party. This incident formed a fertile ground for the execution of Iago’s schemes.
It also makes Othello and Cassio lock horns. Othello was unhappy with Cassio and he demoted him. This action demoralizes Cassio. Iago finds another chance to inflict his revenge on Cassio and Othello (Young 4). This gave Iago a perfect opportunity to execute his second plan. In the second incident, Othello was made to believe that Cassio had an affair with his wife, Desdemona.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Tragedy of Othello by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Iago successfully used a handkerchief gift which Othello had given to Desdemona to propagate his scheme. Othello had the opportunity to find the opportunity to uncover the truth when he overheard Bianca confronting Cassio. Again, Othello fell in Iago’s trap when Iago successfully made him believe that his wife, Desdemona was cheating on him with Cassio.
This paper sought to find out whether or not Othello’s tragedy is self inflicted or it was beyond his control. Having examined the plot of the story, it is evident that Othello’s tragedy is not self inflicted and it was not within his control. On top of that, it was as a result of his tragic law. Othello appears strong from the outside but actually he is weak inside.
His love for Desdemona is the biggest weakness and his enemies take advantage of this weakness. He relied heavily on hearsay from Iago. Othello cultivated his tragic law on two critical occasions: Othello was made to believe that it was Cassio who started the fight at the party; Othello was made to believe that Cassio had an affair with his wife, Desdemona.
Works Cited Jones, Eldred. Othello’s Countrymen. Charlottesville: Univ of Virginia Press, 1971.Print.
Nabil, Matar. Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Stage Moor. London: Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre, 2004.Print.
Young, John. “Essay: What Is Creativity.” Multimedia Magazine 1.2 Wed. October 2008: 1-5. Print.
Community Policing and Police Psychology Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
According to (CPOP, 2008, p.1), “community policing focuses on crime and social disorder through the delivery of police services that include aspects of traditional law enforcement , as well as prevention, problem solving, community engagement, and partnerships”. This approach calls for collaboration between police and citizens. This approach also “balances reactive responses to calls with proactive problem solving centered on the causes of crime and disorder” (CPOP, 2008, p.1).
In addition, community policing requires the participation of police psychologists. Police psychology can be defined as “the application of psychological principles and methods to law enforcement” (Kitaeff, 2011, p. 1). Community policing relies heavily on police psychology. This paper endeavors to highlight the role of police psychology in community policing.
Community policing has emerged as a contemporary policing approach due to reduced public confidence in the police. In addition, it is becoming evident that the enforcement of law and order is not the responsibility of the police service alone, but requires collective participation. According to CPOP (2008), community policing has four main elements namely philosophical dimension, strategic dimension, tactical dimension, and organizational dimension.
Philosophical dimension has four main aspects namely citizen input, personal service and broad function. This dimension explores the ideas and beliefs that define community policing. The aspect of citizen input posits that “law abiding citizens ought to contribute to police processes” (CPOP, 2008, p.4). Community policing calls for police responsiveness to community concerns and not just the engagement of the community.
The community is charged with the responsibility of identifying local problems. The police service is then required to address the identified problems even if they are not on their priority list. The role of the community does not end with the identification of communal problems, but it must extend to the implementation of corrective measures. Thus, the community should assist the police to drive the solutions.
Community engagement can be achieved through several mechanisms such as organizing forums, community meetings, and conducting periodic and systematic community surveys (Goldstein, 2003). In addition, this can be achieved by organizing meetings with advisory groups and business persons from the community. Goldstein (2003, p.6) argues “broad function dimension shows the need for community policing to extend its scope beyond service and arrests so as to enhance contiguous, sustained community involvement”.
This aspect highlights the need for the police to go beyond law enforcement. This aspect sees the police as planners, community organizers, and problem solvers. Thus, the police need to induce the consciousness of the community and organization to deal with problems. On the other hand, the aspect personal service reminds the community that the police are a vital resource.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the community should be able to know the police within their locality, and communicate with them when need arises. The police should offer services to the community in an open and friendly manner.
According to CPOP (2008, p.5) “key strategic operational concepts translate philosophies into actions, linking with the broad ideas and beliefs that underlie community policing”. Strategic dimension relies on four aspects. One of such aspects is reoriented operations. This aspect calls for more effective interactive practices rather than focusing on traditional methods such as rapid responses and motorized patrols.
Such interactive practices include handling emergency calls more efficiently thus allowing for the allocation of more resources and time to for community policing. Reorientation calls for a shift from patrol based to problem solving practices. Strategic dimension also emphasizes on crime prevention. Community policing main objective is to prevent crime thus the capacity of a community to prevent crime can be boosted by encouraging communities to enhance community safety.
Police should engage the community in formulating crime prevention strategies. In addition, strategic dimension encourages the deployment of geographically based officers. This approach boosts the identification between specific officers and their specific community.
According to CPOP (2008), the deployment of geographically based officers promotes the concept of community policing by enhancing mutual recognition, responsibility and accountability. This aspect also highlights the need for having officers who are based permanently in a given geographical location because it enhances familiarity between the officer and the community.
CPOP (2008, p. 6) argues that “tactical dimension translates ideas, philosophy and strategies into concrete programmes, tactical and behaviors, which include positive interaction, partnerships, and problem solving”. This approach encourages positive interaction with all stakeholders to counter the negative nature of policing.
This can be realized by constructing mini based stations, using shop front based officers, and using media campaigns. Tactical dimension builds trust and boosts problem solving. This dimension calls for close interaction between the community and agencies so as to realize set goals. Tactical dimension also calls for the exchange of information between the police and the community.
We will write a custom Essay on Community Policing and Police Psychology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Tactical dimension therefore “involves three key components namely positive interaction, partnership, and problem solving” (CPOP, 2008, p. 8). On the other hand, organizational dimension calls for changes that promote community policing. This dimension has three key aspects namely structure, management, and information.
In structural terms, organizational dimension encourages the formulation of broad dimensional goals, employs long term strategies that promote community policing, and provide the necessary training. Organizational dimension requires that police use executive leadership to support community policing programs. This dimension also calls for the collection of information through performance indicators, evaluations, and police appraisals.
Community policing calls for the selection and training of police officers, and overall organizational development. Police psychologists play a key role in the selection of police who will take part in the community policing program. As a police psychologist, my tasks will involve conducting a psychological assessment on potential community policing officers, providing psychological training, and formulating necessary organizational structures.
During the psychological assessment, a number of psychological assessment instruments will be used. They include Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), and California Personality Inventory (CPI) (Gacono,
Impact and Strategies of Fiscal Stress on States and Municipalities Research Paper essay help
Introduction The following study will highlight how fiscal stress manifests itself in different states and municipalities, and how best it can be dealt with to avoid negative affect on the public. The public should not be deprived of essential services that should be provided to them by states and municipalities in times of fiscal stress.
Impact of fiscal stress on states Fiscal stress in various states can be measured using certain indicators which are budgetary, service oriented, cash and long term. Fiscal stress is categorized into various groups which are low, medium and high level. To combat fiscal stress, the States can embark on short and long term measures.
Short term measures include cuts on expenditure, increase in taxation, and use of rainy days’ funds. The only solution that has been found to be more effective in the reduction of fiscal stress for states is balancing financial expenditure and revenue. The impact of fiscal stress on the States mainly affects delivery of services to the public. The most affected service is usually the provision of security to the public by a given state.
Other impacts of fiscal stress on states include failure by the latter to initiate development initiatives or projects, reduced health care services, and neglect of community based initiatives like health education. Fiscal stress can lay a lot of burden on the financial position of any state. Increased expenditure and global financial crises are major challenges to states.
Impact of fiscal stress on municipalities Organs of California Municipality have been forced to cut down on their expenses. Job losses are experienced due to the economic recession which has also affected the state. Worst still, the California Local Government Machinery has been constrained in terms of the level of public services it can offer to the public due to shortage in financial revenue, and lack of fiscal ability to meet various financial needs (Marvin
Social Marketing and Sustainability Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Introduction Social marketing involves the application of marketing skills and technology in influencing human behaviours with a view of overcoming certain issues in society.
Moreover, social marketing is a powerful tool in influencing human behaviours because it involves the use of downstream and upstream strategies, as well as applying theories of behaviour change to address some of the social issues.
Speeding is a social issue in New South Wales because it causes about 40% of road deaths, results into more than 200 deaths, and is responsible for over 4000 injuries per year (Blender, 2009).
In this view, this report analyses RTA campaign and examines application of two behavioural change models.
Background Information, Target Audience
Erik Erikson: In Search for Your Own Self. Before the Identity Crisis Hits Expository Essay college application essay help
The idea of searching for one’s own identity is far from being new; as a matter of fact, people noticed quite long ago that at certain age, one starts to pick all sorts of various attitudes, trying to figure out which one suits him-/her better and helps survive in the given environment the most.
However, it is really hard to imagine what the entire humankind would be doing without Erik Erikson’s theory about the identity crisis and how it affects people’s behavior.
Learning more about the biography and the theoretical findings of the psychologist, one can see how incredibly helpful Erikson’s pieces of advice were, are and will be for the majority of the humankind.
Erikson was one of those people whose life track one could predict since the day they were born. Even being a little kid, he was extremely interested in the way people interact and the way things influence them as they grow up (Erikson).
However, his passion did not boil down to guesswork; even being a boy, he experienced enough identity-related issues to have certain idea of the results at the very beginning of his future research.
As the psychologist recalled, “having been born a Dane and having had to stand the scorn of German children against a foreign-born child” (Friedman 40).
Weirdly enough, Erikson did not consider his talents as something out of the ordinary for the first time and, when choosing the track for his studies, picked arts.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Just to think what could have happened to the identities of millions of people if Eriksson became an accomplished artist he wanted to… However, the Providence made him bump into Anna Freud one day, which predetermined his further track as the world’s renowned psychologist.
As Friedman explains, talking to Anna Freud took Erikson to the place long forgotten – his own childhood, and the memories of how fun it was to learn about the human nature took their toll: “When they both were in analysis with Anna Freud […] this advice to take charge had called to mind a woodcut he had completed of himself as a little boy on a ship looking away from Theodor and Karla and toward the captain” (80).
However, as time passed, Erikson managed to show what he was capable of; not only did he defeat is fears, but also researched them thoroughly and uncompromisingly, coining the term “identity crisis” and showing the ways out of this psychological problem.
As the author of the term explained himself, identity crisis was “the temporary absence of ‘a sense of what one is, of knowing where one belongs, of knowing what one wants to do’” (Friedman 161).
Thus, it is obvious that Erik Erikson has contributed a lot to the further development of psychology and helped to understand the peculiarities of people’s psychological development at certain stages.
Owing to the findings of the psychologist, modern teenagers have a plenty of excuses for their deviant behavior, which alone proves that learning more about Erikson is a worthy thing to do.
In addition, Eriksson proved that the deviation can be considered a way to adjust to the rules of the society, which proves that people are meant to be social animals and that a rebellion is a part of being a human, and it is by far not its worst part.
We will write a custom Essay on Erik Erikson: In Search for Your Own Self. Before the Identity Crisis Hits specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Jokes aside, solving the mysteries of a human nature is a hard task, and Eriksson deserves appreciation for what he did for psychology and its further development, as well as for the entire humankind.
Works Cited Erikson, Erik H. Identity: Youth and Crisis, New York City, NY: W. W. Norton
Self-Management Problem Solution Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Self-management is a process that revolves around behavioral intervention or change that teaches students to recognize their behaviors, strengths and set behavioral goals to improve their focus on their studies (Borich, 2007).
This plan targets 8th grade students between the age of 13 and 14 years. The strategy aims at helping students manage their time adequately, complete assignments on time, stay organized and learn how to record their grades.
However, this intervention plan becomes effective when there is the cooperation of students who need these skills to improve their studying programs.
Self-Management Strategy Borich (2007) articulates that the strategy is to teach students how to become more self-directed learners through nurturing motivation and behavioral changes, which will enable them to attain study skills, and consequently, enhance self-management.
Time management is all about self-discipline whereby one sets a well-structured work schedule that they ought to follow.
The students should always prioritize activities in a way that the more demanding and difficult tasks are worked on first and the rest later (Slavin, 2009).
A student should come up with a strategy that is effective in helping them complete and return assignments on time. They also need organization skills and strategy that will help them in recording their grades.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The strategy revolves around a sequence of processes that will cultivate self-drive and desire for an individual to succeed academically.
All these processes are the ones that encompass self- management, which effectively helps students to master and practice purposeful learning and study.
Behavioral change is the major drive in this strategy; it involves changing one’s character and having a positive attitude towards life (Smaldino, Lowther
Criticism of Pablo Picasso’s painting entitled “Guernica” Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Over the years, art has been viewed as a form of expression by scholars, enthusiasts and critiques. Art comes in different forms including paintings, architecture, poetry, and literature among others.
Each style of art has its significance depending on the artist and the audience. In particular, paintings have been used to tell stories, express emotions and solicit various reactions from people.
This paper shall critique Pablo Picasso’s painting entitled “Guernica”. This shall be done by describing, interpreting and evaluating the aforementioned work of art.
Descriptive analysis The original painting was commissioned by the government of Spain in January 1937. It is believed that the painting was to represent the bombing and destruction experienced in Guernica during the civil unrest in Spain.
It is painted on a 138″ x 308″ canvas. Picasso used oil based paint to create this magnificent piece of art and only gray scale colors were used. These colors were similar to the ink used to print newspapers during the civil war in Spain.
The colors predominantly used throughout the painting consist of different shades of white and black. The artist has employed the use of lines and the formation of geometric shapes can be seen throughout the paint.
In this painting, texture is not as pronounced as in most of Picasso’s works. It is a two dimensional painting, in which all of the painted objects appear flat. This is a clear revelation of Picasso’s cubism style.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the same note, Picasso has made good use of the canvas space. The mural occupies nearly all the space within the canvas and maintains the necessary balance required to make the painting enjoyable.
Visually, the artwork contains images of a bull, a horse, a soldier holding a broken sword, a distressed woman holding a baby and an oval shape resembling an eye with a bulb at its center among others.
It is an accurate representation of the chaos that emanates when hateful human relationships prevail in a society (in this case; Guernica, Spain).
Interpretive analysis Symbolism is used extensively throughout this piece of art. The symbolic images in this painting have been subject to misinterpretation by various people. Generally, the painting has been viewed as a representation of the bombings that led to the loss of lives and destruction of property in Guernica, Spain.
The use of black and white colors has been interpreted as a representation of sadness and darkness that covered this region during the civil war.
However, research indicates that Picasso’s real intent was not to focus on the bombings but rather, to express the problem and its solutions.
For example, according to Picasso, the bull did not represent fascism. It symbolized the brutality and darkness experienced during that time.
We will write a custom Essay on Criticism of Pablo Picasso’s painting entitled “Guernica” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, the soldier with a broken sword symbolized the broken spirits and resistance inadequacies among the people. The woman holding a baby represents a concern for the loss of lives.
The eye represents Guernica and the bulb within the eye symbolizes the bombs that fell from the German fighter planes. The horse represents the people.
The horse, which is placed at the center of the painting has gashing wounds and seems to be in pain and agony. This symbolizes the cruelty and victimization faced by the people of Guernica (or Spain).
From this analysis, it is evident that the mural represents the effects of human conflict on society. It focuses on the chaos that arises when people fight amongst themselves and the disruptions that emanate from violence.
The overall movement of the painting is indicative of a situation whereby life has come to a standstill and there is no time to get some peace or real rest.
The artist has effectively used the symbolic images to imprint a lasting graphical image of the destructive incidence (Guernica Bombings) in the minds of the audience.
Evaluative analysis Arguably, most art works are judged by analyzing the artist’s ability to express his/her message creatively and intuitively. As an artist, Picasso perfected his artistic career by evolving his skills through different artistic periods.
As a result, he helped in the development of the cubism style of art, which can be seen in most of his works. However, to some extent, some aspects of this painting do not conform to traditional cubism.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Criticism of Pablo Picasso’s painting entitled “Guernica” by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, the mural is two dimensional as dictated by the cubism style of painting. However, it is not fractured as is with most paintings created using the same style.
As one observes the painting, it is very easy to see the effort and planning that went into creating this mural. The choice, placement and coloring of the images are indicative of an above average level of organization.
This facilitates a better understanding of the painting by the audience. The use of symbolism is effective to say the least. At a glance, one is able to see the story even before knowing the context.
To a great extent, the images are self explanatory and provide a sufficient graphical depiction of a society in pain and chaos. Personally, I think that the artist succeeded in creating an emotion provoking and appealing piece of art unmatched by most modern day art.
This assertion is backed by the excellent use of symbolism, which pushes an observer to conceptualize the painting and think beyond what he/she sees.
Given the chance, I would like to see the original “Guernica”. In a quest to understand this mural, one cannot help but respect its artistic integrity, as well as the creativity and intuition of Pablo Picasso as an artist.
“Guernica” is truly an artistic masterpiece that seeks to send a political statement and an artistic one at the same. It is a constant reminder that war leads to suffering, and an advocate for peace and unity.
Conclusion Throughout this critique, it is evident that art plays a pivotal role in society. “Guernica” is among the best antiwar artworks in the world. Picasso’s painting acts as a reminder and a warning to the tragedies brought about by war and violence.
It played a significant role in sensitizing the world about the pain and suffering that was being experienced by Spaniards during the civil wars in Spain. The structural format of “Guernica” has been discussed and a descriptive analysis of the painting offered.
The use and significance of symbolism has also been highlighted. An evaluation of style and artistic competence of the mural have also been provided. From the information provided above, it is evident that Picasso was a creative and intuitive artist worth the recognition.
He managed to create overwhelming emotions and compel change among his audience through his works. Overall, “Guernica” is a good example of practical art since its message is still applicable even in today’s societies.
Appendix 1: Pablo Picasso’s painting entitled “Guernica”
Ewen And Advertising Essay essay help site:edu
In his book Captains of Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer Culture, Stuart Ewen accentuates the significance of using advertisements in order to influence consumers with references to advertisements’ effects on promoting.
The author concentrates on several influential aspects which can change the standard approaches to developing the progressive marketing strategies.
Thus, Ewen focuses on the necessity of influencing the consumers’ behavior with manipulating the notions of ‘human nature’ and ‘human instincts’, determining the consumers’ flexibility in relation to the advertisements provided.
Moreover, the author pays much attention to the rather provocative correlation between shortening working hours, increasing the wages, and changing the consumers’ behavior.
Although Ewen’s considerations are related to the situation in marketing and advertising during the beginning of the 20th century, it is important to note that the main principles of advertising which are emphasized by the author are still actively used by marketers.
The dynamic development of the market depends on the tendencies and changes in the consumers’ purchasing behavior. To contribute to the market’s growth and products’ selling, it is necessary to make consumers purchase the definite products.
Advertising is the most general method to stimulate the certain consumers’ purchasing intentions. However, it is rather interesting that Ewen discusses the alternative variant to solve the problem.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ewen states that it is essential for companies to create new markets and attract potential consumers, and this process may involve providing their employees with the purchasing power.
Thus, the author focuses on the connection between shortening working hours, increasing the wages, and changing the consumers’ behavior. Ewen accentuates, “now priorities demanded that the worker spend his wages and leisure time on the consumer market” (Ewen, 2001, p. 29).
It is possible to agree with this conclusion, referring to the situations in which people go shopping because the growth of the purchasing activity can be observed during weekends, and effective advertisements can stimulate the process.
The main task of advertising is to draw the audience’s attention to the definite product and make people purchase it. Advertising involves presenting a product to potential consumers in such a way that an advertisement could convince them to change the intentions and purchase the product.
Ewen states that marketers discuss consumers and their intentions as flexible as ‘raw materials’ are. Thus, “they both would have to be shaped by the demands of the production line, pecuniary interests, and the newly emergent managerial tools of capital” (Ewen, 2001, p. 26).
From this point, advertisements are oriented to creating a certain need which develops in the mind of a consumer, and he or she understands that this need can be satisfied only by purchasing the product.
That is why, the reader agrees that an advertisement should convince a potential consumer to purchase a particular product because it can help satisfy his personal and social needs.
We will write a custom Essay on Ewen And Advertising specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is relevant for the situations when consumers feel positive emotions after buying an expensive car not because of its high technical characteristics, but because of the status and prestige on which it was accentuated in advertisements.
A potential customer is inclined to purchase the product to feel the similar emotions as the persons depicted in advertisements and satisfy the need.
Thus, it is important to concentrate on human instincts which are actively manipulated by marketers and advertisers to form the definite purchasing behavior.
Ewen claims that proper advertisement which involves a presentation of the product in a certain scientific manner can actually convince a potential consumer to purchase the product.
Ewen accentuates that the traditional opinion that consumers made their purchasing decision orienting to the mechanical quality of a product is no longer valid, particularly in an industry that is involved in mass production.
Therefore, “the utilitarian value of a product or the traditional notion of mechanical quality were no longer sufficient inducements to move merchandise at the necessary rate and volume required by mass production” (Ewen, 2001, p. 34).
Manufacturing companies do not rely on the quality of the product to guarantee its demand and sale rate in the market to match that definite production rate.
On the one hand, the reader can agree with the author in relation to the importance of such factors as human instincts to influence the customers’ purchasing behavior.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ewen And Advertising by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, it is impossible to discuss the convincing advertisement oriented to the consumers’ expectations as the effective way to promote the product of a low quality.
However, Ewen proposes the other variant of discussing the problem, basing on the idea of human instincts. Rather than trying to justify the worthiness of a product in regard to its quality and value, Ewen claims that it is more effective to convince consumers in the possibility of satisfaction derived from accessing the definite product.
From this point, the advertising copy of the familiar product which appeals to the consumers’ instincts, expectations, and interests can be sold more successfully than the other products with the same characteristics.
In spite of the fact Ewen’s conclusions are based on the industries of the 1920s, his arguments can be discussed as still appropriate for analyzing the modern advertising trends.
Reference Ewen, S. (2001). Captains Of Consciousness Advertising And The Social Roots Of The Consumer Culture. USA: Basic Books.
Speech Outline Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
For this assignment, identify an occasion and your audience for a persuasive speech. The occasion will be a seminar and the audience is new entrepreneurs Next, create an outline for a 4- to 5-minute persuasive speech. You may choose a problem-solution or motivated-sequence pattern for your outline. Include a minimum of five main points. Each main point must contain at least four supporting points of evidence. List one scholarly reference that you would use to support your points.
In your outline, be sure to include where you would incorporate presentation aids to support your key points.
Note: You will not present this speech in this class. You will create an outline for a possible future speech. Include headers and subheaders for your outline.
For an example of the motivated-sequence pattern, see pages 402–404 in your textbook (See attachment).For an overview of the problem-solution pattern, see page 331 in your textbook (see attachment).
Include a paragraph that addresses the questions below.
Who is your audience?
How did you choose your topic for that audience?
How you would prepare for this speech?
What presentation aids would you use?
What tools would you use to decrease any speech anxiety?
Your outline and paragraph should be a total of two pages in length
I have attached a copy of this units lesson to help assist with this paper.
Any realistic and achievable environmental ethic must be based on a ‘weak anthropocentrism’ Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction Effective maintenance of environmental ethics is one of the main pillars that support harmonious existence of organisms within an ecosystem. However, this view has been affected by the practice of anthropocentrism which purports that human being is the most valuable and important factor in the universe.
It is without doubt that while anthropocentrism is widely supported as a major resource for human beings, it has significant implications.1
I fully agree with the latter perspective since the attitude which the idea of anthropocentrism creates gives human beings the potential to exploit resources.
This is perhaps the main reason why there is widespread and unsustainable system of resource exploitation which has resulted into massive extinction of animals such as Great Auk and Dodo among others.
In addition, this form of exploitation has led to massive degradation of biological resources.
In spite of the general consensus that anthropocentrism is unacceptable, it is agreeable that weak anthropocentrism is quite critical since it provides a platform that enables attainment of robust environmental ethics.
In addition, it eliminates the incongruity of ascribing intrinsic worth on non-human subjects as explored in this paper. It is against this backdrop that this paper seeks to critically analyze the perceived inconsistencies of both strong anthropocentrism and weak anthropocentrism.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, the paper will discuss alternative paradigms of weak anthropocentrism and explain how it enables realistic achievement of environmental ethics.
Anthropocentrism It is a fact that the past, present and future welfare of human beings can never be separated from their relationship with the natural environment bearing in mind that both of these two aspects are interdependent.
The current practice that supports the implementation of anthropocentrism has raised numerous concerns and questions on how best human beings should relate with their environment.
McNab indicates that this creates multiple ethical frameworks.2 It is important to highlight that anthropocentrism offers an approach which suggests that human beings should be in control of nature.
This goes against non-anthropocentric paradigms and related conceptual counterparts that suggest that there is need to appreciate nature.
Moreover, according to the arguments posed by Pluhar, it can be attained through the processes of deep ecology, ecocentrism and biocentism.3
Pluhar further indicates that there are ardent supporters of non-anthropocentrism and anthropocentrism who espouse those that critic, point out their flaws and oppose their tenet flaws.
We will write a custom Essay on Any realistic and achievable environmental ethic must be based on a ‘weak anthropocentrism’ specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is indeed plausible to mention the fact that anthropocentrism exclusively adheres to human perspective of pleasure and happiness.
According to an analysis by conducted by Wolloch, it is evident that non-human animals as well as the non-human world are largely concerned with the production of human resources and factors of instrumental value.4
One would agree with the widespread and strong rejection of this view by animal liberation groups led by Tom Regan, Peter Singer and others. This group views and compares anthropocentrism to sexism, prejudice and filled with unwarranted bias.
My view is that anthropocentrism might be objectionable since it gives humans the opportunity to exploit animals and other resources for the sake of trivial gains. In fact, some even use animals for experiments with little regard to the suffering which animals go through.
Besides, various views held on anthropocentrism by businesses have caused major environmental issues and concerns.
Over the last two decades, unacceptable business ethics have turned out to be a major facet in assimilation of a competitive advantage at the local and global market.
This has been assimilated as a major shenanigan by the business managements even as the understanding of the resultant impacts on the environment and resources become more evident.
As a result, the economic effects have been very profound with analysts predicting future doom if the problem is not addressed promptly. Poor business ethics form one of the most important factors that negatively affect the national and global economy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Any realistic and achievable environmental ethic must be based on a ‘weak anthropocentrism’ by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This has been especially evident in the recent past whereby more business units tend to assimilate unethical operational practices that largely promote their short term gains while inducing long term dents to the economy.
The last two decades have seen some of the most remarkable destructions of the natural systems in the history of the globe. Equally important have been the heightening calls for greater efforts to reduce the negative impacts of environmental degradation.
Whereas many individuals as well as business enterprises understand the role played by the natural systems in facilitating their overall production capacity, little efforts have been put in place to counter the same problem.
According to Pluhar, the modern market place has forced most of the businesses to view environmental resources as being free and therefore indefinite in nature.5
However, this is not true as exhibited by the current revelation of the finite status of the petroleum resources. As a result, there has been a strong withdrawal of resources from the natural environment with little focus to their resilience capacities.
Though it has been viewed as a minor shenanigan under the business practices of minimizing their overall costs, the economic growth is highly unsustainable in the long term bearing in mind that there is no guarantee of the same products in future.
In addition to the above facts, many industries have been directly associated with vast pollution of the natural environment.
In a complex tie up, the US has over the years failed to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, a notion that has been interpreted to give the business units a direct leeway to act unethically on the same line.
Due to the trans-boundary nature of the air pollutants, the impacts are felt on a global scale with US equally included.
Global warming, resilience of the tropical diseases, and harsh climatic conditions has prompted the need for many nations to shift their resources towards addressing these disasters as opposed to concentrating on its economic development.
According to the observations made by Sztybel, pollution of the environment has been a major player in reducing the ability of the economic resources that are needed to holistically support the fast enlarging economies of the various countries across the world.6
For instance, water pollution usually interfere with the stable nature of water resources since it reduces the usability of water resources for domestic purposes as well as the demand and pre-treatment processes before being put to industrial use.
Consequently, there have been further increases in the overall cost of production and subsequent poor competition of the manufactured products at the market place.
Weak anthropocentrism It is agreeable that anthropocentrism is a disaster to environmental ethics. However, my view concurs with that of Sztybel. The latter author is of the opinion that discarding this process to embrace non- anthropocentrism for satisfactory environmental ethics is not the solution.7
Rather, we can adopt a weak anthropocentrism. Boesch uses Henry David Thoreau’s view on nature and posits that it has more than a simple instrumental value. In fact, it is independent of human consciousness.8
In my perspective, this perspective has a direct correlation to certain religious beliefs and practices especially those drawn from Jainism and Hinduism. these two religions value nature and explicitly advocate for safe practices that may not harm the environment.
Utilitarianism While this theory has been concerned with pain and pleasure, animal liberation members such as Peter Singer use it to indicate that animals, just like human beings, are capable of experiencing pleasure and pain and as such, should be treated with the much needed respect9.
A redefinition can also be made on the central principle of the theory to include non-animal entities. However, critics of the theory are of the view that some of the species in an environment neither experience negative nor positive effects.
While considerations should be made to determine the balance of interests and pleasure between human beings and the environment, weak anthropocentrism is critical since it provides the rule of utilitarianism.
In other words, it allows human activities to continue, but encourages sustainable development and organic farming among other practices.
Aggreably, my view is that conceptual approaches which weigh the consequences of human actions on the immediate environment should be embraced.
Kant’s ethical theory While Kant perceives nature as a phenomenon that has no intrinsic value, one cannot fail to see the areas in his theory that support weak anthropocentrism.
It is true from his perspective that trees and other non-human animals do not have any inherent worth.10 Kant’s perspective can largely be used as a hypothetical model of evaluating actions and determining whether they are good or bad.
By being categorically imperative, we are tasked to universalize actions by answering questions whether others would act in a similar manner if faced with similar situations.
Categorical imperative as Kant argued should be driven out of motivation and intent for one to be considered dutiful.
Deontological ethics The philosophy was developed in early 1930s by Broad. D. who emphasized that people’s actions should be judged according to their obligation to duty.11
In particular, the philosophy contrasts the previous consequentialist perspective by emphasizing that an action should be considered good if only the underlying will is fine.
It is important to mention that Broad’s consideration of deontological ethics was greatly shaped by the previous work of Emmanuel Kant who brought out the first tenet of deontological philosophy of categorical imperative.12
Under this consideration, individuals should always act in a manner that quantifies their actions into universal laws.
This notion has made the philosophy to be of great importance in the practice of weak anthropocentrism and conservation of the environment because people tend to review their actions to ensure that the outcome is positive and based on acceptable virtues.
Deontological ethics further advocate for non-aggression principle by indicating that the ultimate intent of such actions is to cause harm and therefore the actions are wrong. This is in line with the natural law which encourages conservation and rejects environmental abuse.
According to the ideas presented by Acampora, deontological philosophy give exceptions to this non aggressive orientation by pointing towards weak anthropocentrism in the sense that it is acceptable to use resources when in need and for whatever reasons.13
The tenet which elicited greatest debate in the 20th century is the consideration of categorical imperative when dealing with the environment.
Under this tenet, Andrew reports that people are allowed to implement anthropocentrism if its intention is to cause greater good.14
A good example is the felling of trees to provide fuel for energy. However, the perspective sharply contrasts with existentialism which refers to nature as unique and therefore important.
This philosophy greatly informed and guided leaders, managers and workers on the need to develop the correct values and attitudes towards the environment.
Viable ethical approaches Libertarian extensions
Libertarian extension is an important approach that calls for equal rights to everything existing in a community. In an environmental understanding, human and non human aspects are part of a community and have an ethical worth.
The social movements and civil liberty approach which requires harmony to be established between the products considerations of reality appears to be more promising in the sense that it factors the demands of human beings and non-human animals.
Andrew agrees with the social movements’ consideration that indeed anthropocentrism presents a high level of uncertainty to the environment and therefore the need to take effective precaution. In addition, their emphasis on ecological sustainability presents their inter-generational concerns for mankind.
On the other hand, though governments have the overriding forces in influencing the use of biotechnology, it is no doubt that their supporters are fast becoming highly polarized and may eventually face mass resistance as more people through unions and social movements join the fight.
All abiological and biological entities have a fundamental interdependence which largely calls for the recognition of their rights.15
While addressing the problem of strong ecological extensions, Serpell argues that there is great omission of environmental ethical concerns.16 Serpell further argues that though feeding people is indeed very crucial, it is more dangerous to threaten the survival of animals and resources because of two core factors.
First, the expected negative results are unclear and therefore making it even harder to prepare for it. Then the resulting problem may indeed obscure the benefits that had been accrued and perhaps form an expanded basis.
For example, the act of deforestation results to ecological breakdown. The resulting implication could include climate change, irregular weather patterns, and loss of biodiversity which are very hard to restore.
Conclusions I have held the opinion over the years that embracing weak anthropocentrism is the best way to go and that opponents of this notion are not genuine. In particular, the reports and pictures of environmental destruction strengthen my conclusion.
As a result, my mind became highly polarized towards anthropocentrism as opposed to holistically analyzing it and its possible negative implications.
However, this study has effectively revealed new insights on related problems that should be considered simultaneously if the current environmental problems are to be addressed effectively. There is need to assess the possible future impacts of strong anthropocentrism in society before it can be considered safe.
In addition, it is crucial to involve all the stakeholders in the society by incorporating their concerns to gather greater support at all levels of environmental conservation. In order to effectively address this perspective, it must be viewed from the global point of view as opposed to the localized outlook.
Finally, I will seek to create a forum that can bring together major stakeholders who will dialogue on key issues and therefore harmonize their understanding on the problem.
From this forum, I will seek to expand the involvement of the different professionals and consequently make key recommendations that can address environmental issues.
Bibliography Acampora, R, “Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy”, Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 44, no. 3, 2006, pp. 480-481.
Boesch, C, “Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human””, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 33, no. 2-3, 2010, pp. 86-87.
Coward, M, “Against anthropocentrism: the destruction of the built environment as a distinct form of political violence”, Review of International Studies, vol. 32, no. 3, 2006, pp. 419-420.
Gabriel, AK, “Beyond Anthropocentrism in Barth’s Doctrine of Creation: Searching for a Theology of Nature”, Religious Studies and Theology, vol. 28, no. 2, 2009, pp. 175-187.
McNab, K, “Anthropocentrism: are humans the centre of existence?” Peace Research, vol. 34, no. 1, 2002, pp. 113-116.
Pluhar, EB, “Non-Obligatory Anthropocentrism”, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 13, no. 3-4, 2000, pp. 329-330.
Serpell, JA, “Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy”, Bulletin of the history of medicine, vol. 82, no. 1, 2008, pp. 219-220.
Sztybel, D, “Taking Humanism Seriously: ”Obligatory” Anthropocentrism”, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 13, no. 3-4, 2000, pp. 181-203.
Wolloch, N, “Animals, Extraterrestrial Life and Anthropocentrism in the Seventeenth Century”, The Seventeenth Century, vol. 17, no. 2, 2002, pp. 235-253.
Footnotes 1 K McNab “Anthropocentrism: are humans the centre of existence?”, Peace Research, vol. 34, no. 1, 2002, pp. 113-116.
2 McNab pp. 115
3 EB Pluhar “Non-Obligatory Anthropocentrism”, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 13, no. 3-4, 2000, pp. 329-329.
4 N Wolloch “Animals, Extraterrestrial Life and Anthropocentrism in the Seventeenth Century”, The Seventeenth Century, vol. 17, no. 2, 2002, pp. 235-253.
5 Pluhar pp. 329
6 D Sztybel “Taking Humanism Seriously: ”Obligatory” Anthropocentrism”, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 13, no. 3-4, 2000, pp. 181-203.
8 C Boesch “Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human””, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 33, no. 2-3, 2010, pp. 86-7.
9 R Acampora “Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy”, Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 44, no. 3, 2006, pp. 480-481.
10 R Acampora, pp.48—481.
11 Boesch pp. 87
12 R Acampora “Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy”, Journal of the History of Philosophy, vol. 44, no. 3, 2006, pp. 480-481.
13 Acampora pp. 480
14 AK Gabriel, “Beyond Anthropocentrism in Barth’s Doctrine of Creation: Searching for a Theology of Nature”, Religious Studies and Theology, vol. 28, no. 2, 2009, pp. 175-187
15 M Coward, “Against anthropocentrism: the destruction of the built environment as a distinct form of political violence”, Review of International Studies, vol. 32, no. 3, 2006, pp. 419-419.
16 JA Serpell , “Anthropocentrism and Its Discontents: The Moral Status of Animals in the History of Western Philosophy”, Bulletin of the history of medicine, vol. 82, no. 1, 2008, pp. 219-220
The Methods for Retaining Employees Report essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
The Kind of Work Employees Do
Learning and Growing in a Workplace
The Sense of Belonging
Meeting Individual Needs
Introduction There are many ways that can be used to retain employees. Compensating employees handsomely has long been viewed as one of the best ways of retaining employees.
Apart from good salary, research has shown that there are other ways which are equally significant in retaining employees. Some of these methods are “challenging and a meaningful work, opportunities to learn and grow, the sense of being part of a group, a good boss, and meeting individual needs” (kaye
The Four Elements of the Marketing Mix Model Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Concentration on the Qualities of Products or Services
The Role of Price Structure
The Factor of Place and Distribution System
The Role of Promotion
The success of the marketing programme developed for promoting a definite product or service depends on the effective combination of the basic marketing mix elements.
The marketing mix can be discussed as a business tool which consists of four significant elements which are product, price structure, place or distribution, and promotion.
To draw the customers’ attention to products and services and to promote them effectively, it is necessary to concentrate on each element of the marketing mix model in their combination (Armstrong
An Interview with an Entertainment Manager: The Way Corporate Laws Work. A Report college admissions essay help
Introduction: Business and Technology Seize the Power There can be no possible doubt that technologies rule the modern world, and that business is one of the most efficient ways to take one’s place under the sun.
In the present-day world, the role of social networking and modern leadership theories cannot be overestimated – with efficient management and a good use of social network, one is likely to reach the peak of his/her business career.
Taking a closer look at the way business works and learning more about its mechanisms can help understand the way business theories can be applied into practice.
One can possibly see the best way to handle a company and to succeed in the fast-changing world, learning about the typical mistakes that managers make to void them in future.
As for the business field which is most preferable to consider, it seems that the sphere of entertainment is the most popular at present, which makes it a perfect target for further exploration.
Analyzing an interview with a leader in the field of entertainment, one will be able to see the mechanism of the XXI century business and see what practices are the most efficient.
The Social Impact of Technology: When Media Rules the World The impact of social media on the modern world is truly huge. Since social networking is one of the key means to learn more about a specific product, people rely much on online reviews, which can both pose quite a threat to a certain company and contribute to its success.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Facebook as the ultimate evil plan: people and their opinions
According to what the interviewee claimed, social networks such as Facebook and the like pose a considerable threat to the development of business.
When socializing online, the interviewee claimed, people can easily post negative comments about the company and its production without being detected, which can dent the customers’ confidence in the quality of the services.
Indeed, the concerns raised by the interviewed can be easily understood – there are certain pieces of evidence which show that people do post negative reviews about certain services which they have tried and which have not met their standards and expectations.
Although one might think that a humble opinion of a certain user will definitely sink in the avalanche of other more engaging news and hardly anyone will ever notice the negative review; yet there are proofs that negative product reviews in blogospheres and social networks have considerable impact on people’s idea of a company:
“An employer’s business reputation can be damaged by negative comments by individuals on their own social networking pages, or, more problematically, because of the issue of anonymity on those specifically formed networking groups” (Pickard, 2008, 68).
Therefore, it seems that social networking can be easily used against entrepreneurs and their business, causing considerable drops in the company revenues.
Counterarguments: about the rights to speak openly
Indeed, if considering the positive aspects of social networking, one must admit that it can work for the benefit of business and even promote the products of a certain company with tremendous success.
We will write a custom Report on An Interview with an Entertainment Manager: The Way Corporate Laws Work. A specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Indeed, if using the social networking wisely and think of the effect it can produce, one is likely to reinvent people’s perceptions of a certain company. As Hartley (2010) explains,
Social networking is the game changer for business. If you own or run a business of any kind, whether it’s a solo consulting practice or a worldwide enterprise employing thousands or workers, social networking is quickly becoming a key connection point between your business and your customers. (Hartley, 2010, 1)
Therefore, the negative effects of the social networking can be easily questioned; and, even though there are certain factors that can harm an enterprise, they can be easily counterpointed by the numerous positive effects.
Therefore, the idea expressed by the interviewed can be considered only partially valid. For a company which is going to stand firm on its feet, it is necessary to take into account not only the threatening factors, but also the issues which the given company can make a good use of to become even more successful.
Business and Professional Practice: Concerning the Managerial Issues It goes without saying that team management is one of those pillars which corporate management stands on; the key principle of successful company leadership and an excellent way to bring the members of the company together, team management helps to make the working process flawless clockwork (Altfeld, 2010).
Thus, learning more about the advantages of working in a team and managing a team of employees rather than the work of individuals, one can possibly reach another stage of business enlightenment.
Bound by the same chains: motivation and team building
As the interviewee claimed, the idea of team management is the only possible way a company can work; once all employees work for the sake of the customer’s satisfaction, success is just around the corner.
Indeed, as Margerison (2002) says, the success of a company depends on the “overall team management contribution” (Margerison, 2002, 10).
Not sure if you can write a paper on An Interview with an Entertainment Manager: The Way Corporate Laws Work. A by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The reverse side of team management: when togetherness fails
Thus, it is reasonable to suggest that the management by objectives can be used together with team management.
According to what James (2003) claims, the given approach can help reach the company’s key goals without putting the employees under the pressure of team work.
Conclusion: There Is Still a Long Way to Go Therefore, it is clear that at certain point, the conventional approach does not prove as efficient as it could.
Unlike one might have thought, numerous social media which have become a part and parcel of the modern life can be both a huge benefit and at the same time a great disaster for the image of a company, depending on the information posed in blogs and social networks.
Likewise, the idea of team management might seem somewhat redundant and not necessarily suitable for all types of staff, since one might simply dislike all sorts of team-sprit-building activities, yet it does bring results to the company, increasing its revenues and making the people working there more devoted to the company.
On the other hand, it cannot be denied that the given results can be easily questioned when being used in a certain environment with very specific elements that do not fall under the conventional standards.
Hence comes the ambiguity of the given decisions and the conclusion that the situational management must be the ultimate and the most appropriate way to handle the company business, as well as the relationships among the staff.
Once choosing the right track is not enough – as time goes, the company must change.
Reference List Altfeld, H.-H. (2010). Commercial aircraft projects: managing the development of highly complex products. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
Hartley, D. (2010). 10 steps to successful social networking for business. Alexandra, VA: American Society for Training
The Harvard Referencing Method Essay scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
West Side Story Film
Introduction The Puerto Rican immigrants have been reflected on the West Side Story film and the past paper assignments. The immigrants were a key historical element of immigration to the United States. The immigrants with Puerto Rican descent were among the many immigrants into America with the intention of obtaining suitable employment opportunities so as to better their lifestyles. Puerto Rico as a country was in crisis with a high level of poverty.
The people were lacking essential needs. Their status relating to health, education and housing were being affected. All these factors influenced the Puerto Rican immigration to the United States. They migrated to the U. S. in numbers since this was the best opinion to them (Whalen and Víctor 17).
The immigration process was a great challenge to the Puerto Rican people. They had been affected by social and economic problems in their home country hence being forced to move. On arriving in a foreign country, things did not get any better. They faced new challenges that they were not aware of.
West Side Story Film The West Side Story film is a musical film produced in 1961. The film is based on an American musical by the same name. The American musical has a book, music, conception and choreography done by different people. It was enthused by Romeo and Juliet, a play by Shakespeare.
The film’s plot was divided into two acts. This was intended at increasing more tension in the plot. The film shows the life of two gangs who are involved in music based tension in the Manhattan streets in the 1957 late summer. The gangs include the Jets and the Sharks. The Jets were a white American gang while the Sharks were a gang with Puerto Rican immigrants. The two gangs are rivals, and they harass each other.
The rift between the two gangs escalates. The two rival gangs agree to meet at an agreed location for a fight. The fight begins and ends up fatally with the two gang leaders being stubbed to death. The police arrive at the location and the other gang members flee away from the scene. Later on, the co-founder of the American gang is killed by a Puerto Rican gang member. The film ends with the arrest of the killer by police.
This film addresses the themes discussed in the previous assignments since it reflects on the lives of Puerto Rican immigrants. The film demonstrates the lifestyle of immigrants in a foreign nation. The film shows the elements that affected Puerto Rican immigrants. The film offers the perspective of the struggles the Puerto Rican immigrants underwent while in a foreign country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Relationship Reflection The film West Side Story and the past paper assignments support the same idea. The two consider the Puerto Rican migration and the challenges faced by them in a foreign country. The two show how it was difficult for immigrants to live a superior life in a foreign state.
The immigrants in both contexts were struggling with their settlement and their location. The immigrants who arrived in America ended up living in eastern parts of America, mainly New York. This is because they could not afford high rent rates in other areas. They did not get good employment opportunities that would sustain them to live better lives. Hence they were making a little income and could not afford to settle in good locations (Whalen and Víctor 21).
The immigrants in both contexts were involved in crime. The immigrants were influenced by the areas where they lived. The crime rates in America were on the increase with the number of immigrants increasing. The immigrants were faced by financial challenges hence they forced to indulge themselves in crime. The location of the immigrants was a setting of low levels of civilization.
The immigrants in both contexts were involved in cultural events. They were involved in various activities that developed culture. They practiced their culture in the foreign country. They were involved in the establishment of a cultural life of sociality. They preserved their heritage on culture by being involved in social and political movements (Fitzpatrick 49).
The immigrants in both contexts faced discrimination. The area in which the immigrants lived, the locals there felt that the immigrants have come to take their position and opportunities. They discriminated them since they were in their country. The immigrants were mistreated by the locals in different ways and setting.
For instance in terms relating to employment, they received discrimination at work by being paid the lowest payment. In terms relating to where they lived, they faced discrimination from people who claimed that they are not supposed to live in those areas (Whalen and Víctor 35).
Puerto Ricans The film and the paper describe the Puerto Ricans on the island, the mainland, or the diaspora at large. The Puerto Ricans were people who targeted to improve their lives. Having faced hard times in their country, they were ready to make the changes essential in order to improve the status.
We will write a custom Essay on The Harvard Referencing Method specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Puerto Ricans were involved in social, cultural and political movements so as to influence change where possible. They indulged themselves in campaigns that would see them be recognized and be treated with acknowledgement.
Both the film and paper describe the Puerto Ricans on the island, the mainland, or the diaspora at large as people who valued their culture and were always protecting and promoting it. This is evident in the notable activities they used to be involved with. They practiced these so as to support their culture instead of letting it die off.
The Puerto Ricans were also shown to be people with unity. In the different locations they were, they linked themselves in one accord. This increased their popularity and strength as a community. They also helped each other in all situations in support of each other. When their own would get into a problem, they would come up with a solution that was meant to improve the situation (Fitzpatrick 14).
The message between the two contexts, the film and the papers, is that the Puerto Rican immigration into the United States was influenced by several aspects. This depended on the motive of the immigrants, with the main purpose of immigration was to gain employment.
Conclusion The immigration of Puerto Rican people into the United States has impacted the social, political and economic aspects in different ways. The Puerto Rican people established a culture while in the foreign country.
This was among the several positive impacts they made. They practiced their customs and traditions that gained recognition by the locals. Their efforts to gain employment and work in the foreign country improve the economy status. Through immigration, the Puerto Rican people improved their status and that of their location (Fitzpatrick 77).
Works Cited Fitzpatrick, Joseph P. Puerto Rican Americans: The Meaning of Migration to the Mainland. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall, 1971. Print.
Whalen, Carmen T, and Víctor Vázquez-Hernández. The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Historical Perspectives. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2005. Print.
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Services Consumer Behaviour Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
There are five stages that a customer goes through before making the ultimate decision to make a purchase. These stages as noted by Lantos (2011) are problem recognition, information search, alternative evaluation, purchase decision, and post-purchase behaviour.
Each consumer passes all these stages until a purchase is made. The essay is an attempt to describe how I progressed through the named stages of decision making while purchasing a tourism service.
In addition, the essay explores how the concept of risk is perceived and managed while purchasing a tourism service.
Moreover, the implications of the concept of risk with regard to the service provider of the tourism equation have been discussed.
Prior to making a decision to purchase the tourism service, I followed the five stages of need recognition, problem awareness, information search, alternatives evaluation, service purchase and post-purchase evaluation (Lantos, 2011). The stages are represented in the diagram below as described by Tyagi and Kumar (2004).
Figure 1: Stages of the decision process for purchase
During the problem recognition stage, the need to go on holiday triggered my desire to go on vacation. The desire to travel as a tourist was important as it aroused the need to search for important information on my impending tourism adventure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The information search phase is important as it helps the consumer in making wise decisions (Tyagi
Effects of Generational Differences on Teamwork in Organisations in the UK Essay best essay help
Introduction According to Kupperschmidt (2000, p. 65), generational differences at the workplace are as a result of differences in goals, expectations and work values. Zemke, Raines and Filipczak, (2000, p.5) define a generation as a group of individuals who share several things, including year of birth, age, location, and significant life events.
Cennamo and Gardner (2008, p.896) have provided examples of significant life events which include major political events or threats, socio-economic transitions, and emerging industry trends. There are four distinct generations, namely Baby boomers, Generation X, Y, and Z. However, in the UK, employees in most organisations belong to the Baby boomers generation, Generation X and Y.
Baby boomers are individuals born between 1945 and1960. These are the individuals who were born in post World War II era. Haynes (2011, p. 104) notes that Generation X consists of individuals born between 1961 and 1980, while Generation Y are the individuals who were born after 1980.
Individuals from both the Baby boomers generation and Generation X mainly occupy high and middle levels of management in organisations, respectively. These positions are based on the age and work experience of the employees from the above generations. On the other hand, Generation Y is made up of junior employees in many organisations.
According to Personnel Today (2005), most organisations in the UK mainly rely on project teams to oversee various projects and tasks in the organisation. Project teams are multigenerational in nature and as such, they bring together employees from different generations.
Generational Differences and Attitudes towards Teamwork in UK organisations Teams are useful in tackling hard tasks at different organisations. Baby boomers have strong commitment towards work and are keen on meeting strict deadlines as outlined under different tasks. Therefore, Baby boomers working in multigenerational teams are strongly committed to completing the task at hand.
They tend to be highly inflexible towards altering deadlines. Additionally, Howe and Strauss (2000, p.40) indicate that Baby boomers view the workplace as fun and counterproductive towards the realisation of the team’s goals and objectives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Hammill (2005), Baby boomers prefer working as a team. According to Lyons, (2004, p.13), Baby boomers prefer to work in teams because they are keen on learning new skills in order to enhance their positions in the team in particular and the organisation in general.
Furthermore, Murphy( 2010,p.10) states that Baby boomers exhibit a participatory leadership style and prefer increased consultation before reaching any team decisions. According to Twenge and Campbell (2008, p.866) , the baby boom in the UK started at least ten years after the baby boom in the United States. Therefore, in the UK, Baby Boomers occupy both the top and middle level management levels.
Lamm and Meeks (2007, p. 617) claim that Generation X employees place emphasis on work-life balance. Most employees from this generation, therefore, are able to balance between responsibilities both at the workplace and home. Individuals from this particular generation have poor people skills and also are considered cynical. Also, Generative X individuals are associated with authoritative decision making.
The above mode of decision making is characterised by decreased consultation between the team’s supervisor and members. In most UK organisations, Generation X employees occupy the middle level management. Therefore, Generation X employees are most likely to serve as team supervisors mainly based on experience in a particular field. However, due to the emerging trends in the industry, members from other generations may assume roles as team supervisors, including Generation Y employees.
Generation Y employees mainly serve as team members as they are junior employees in various organisations. Lamm and Meeks (2009, p.617) claim that Generational Y employees are more inclined towards achieving work-life balance. As such, they are more likely to engage in such activities such as pursuing further education.
This is aimed at enhancing their skills so that they can remain abreast with the emerging trends in the workplace. Similarly, Hill (2004, p. 34) claims that employees from this generation are characterised by increased use of technology which enhances their ability to multi-task.
Raines (2003) indicates that in a team setting, Generation Y employees are highly creative and thus are in a position to use existing knowledge to come up with solutions to various problems. Additionally, employees from this generation do not prefer to use formal communication channels while liaising with other team members on team matters.
We will write a custom Essay on Effects of Generational Differences on Teamwork in Organisations in the UK specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Instead, such employees prefer modern communication tools including social networking sites. However, Haynes (2008, p.288) argue that Generation Y employees require high levels of commitment which is a useful tool for enhancing their long term commitment to an organisation.
In the UK alone, more than 230,000 graduates join the workforce every year. Over 80 percent of the above graduates belong to Generation Y. Therefore, as employees from the above generation increase, managers and team supervisors should ensure that the needs of such employees are adequately addressed.
Striking a middle ground in management of multigenerational teams A useful tool for addressing intergenerational conflict is developing an inclusive organisational culture so that the input of all individuals is appreciated. Team supervisors should take into account varied needs of all team members. Additionally, Baby Boomers who command respect in their organisation are instrumental in instituting the above culture.
The management should put in place mechanisms of settling team conflicts. This includes voting for contentious issues. Voting should take place after all members have given their input as regards a particular issue. Finally, D’Amato and Herzfeldt (2008, p.934) note that the concept of a learning organisation is most appropriate where employees learn from each other, thereby promoting individual development.
Reference List Cennamo, L.
The Rehabilitation of West Haven Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
A brief overview of West Haven
The Rehabilitation process
Introduction Social geography is a body of knowledge and a set of practices by which scholars look at, and seek to understand, the social world. As such, it is a strikingly diverse sub discipline of human geography that has many overlapping interests with other forms of geography rather than any fixed or strict boundaries.
This discipline evaluates how social relations, identities and inequalities are made. This paper analyzes the application of social geography in the rehabilitation of West Haven from one of New York’s poorest urban centers to New York’s industrial hub.
A brief overview of West Haven West Haven, which is located in Bronx, Morrisania was once New York’s industrial hub. Rolston states that the rehabilitation of West Haven and communities around it had been stalled for many years owing to a belief that it is impossible to salvage West Haven and its surrounding communities in economic and architectural terms.
However, the use of cooperative strategic development, which included the local communities in decision making and planning, necessitated the rehabilitation of West Haven back to its initial form of economic prowess. Currently, West Haven, which focuses on ecological sustainability, is a key revenue generator of New York City.
West Haven is a key industrial centre of New York City. The economic prowess of this urban centre reached its climax in 1945 but started deteriorating thereafter (McNamara, 24). The deterioration turned West Haven into one of the New York’s poorest urban centers. However, in 2006, environmentalists, geographers, and other stakeholders from the New York City united in a bid to restore West Haven’s lost glory.
The stakeholders formed “a private public partnership, which addresses the challenges of site placement, environmental deterioration, and social stigma” so as to revive the economic prowess of West Haven (Rolston 63). The revolution which restored West Haven’s lost glory involved the use of sustainable construction principles.
The use of sustainable construction has enhanced sustainable land use and conservation. In addition, the use of cooperative strategic development, which included the local communities in decision making and planning, necessitated the rehabilitation of West Haven back to its initial form of economic prowess.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rolston (63) notes that “from the late 19th Century until 1945, West Haven, which is a small manufacturing district in the Morrisania section of Bronx, New York, hummed as one of the city’s bustling industrial centers”.
Rolston (64) also notes that “West Haven’s 19th century infrastructure of factories, stores, train lines, brick houses, and public buildings reflected a working middle class German immigrant values through the richness of industry, networked transportation, presence of civil authority, and diversity of recreation” (Rolston 64).
Rolston explains that the completion of 149th Street Bridge in 1910 enhanced the completion of the Cromwell Creek Landfill project. After the completion of the land fill projects, West Haven opened its doors to economic development. However, according to Rolston (66), “West Haven’s social atmosphere and commercial vitality failed to brighten its dull appearance”. The New York City council together with other stakeholders unanimously agreed to rebuild West Haven and they have succeeded in restoring its economic prowess.
The Rehabilitation process The initiative to build West Haven began in 2006 after a host of stakeholders joined hands and resources. The main stakeholders included development companies and Bronx Overall Economic Development Corporation (Walsh 34). These two were assisted by Community Benefits Agreement.
Together, the stakeholders formed “a private public partnership so as to tackle the challenges of site placement, environmental deterioration, and social stigma to revive the market selling markets of Caribbean and African foods housed in shabby buildings housed on the water’s edge of West Haven” (Walsh 90).
In the present day, “this project, often known as Gateway Centre at the Bronx terminal market, is a key feature of South Bronx at its western shore, across the revamped and 145th Street Bridge, and renovated major Deegan expressway” (Caro 23).
Rolston tracks the steps that were taken in an endeavor to explain how West Haven’s economic prowess has been restored. Rolston indicates that environmentalists, geographers, and other stakeholders from the New York City united in a bid to restore West Haven’s lost glory.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Rehabilitation of West Haven specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The stakeholders formed “a private public partnership, which addresses the challenges of site placement, environmental deterioration, and social stigma” so as to revive the economic prowess of West Haven (Rolston 63). “The New York City Council motivated by the goal of rebuilding social and economic value of West Haven, the Hub and Mott Haven, unanimously agreed to support the redevelopment of the former Terminal Bronx Market” (Rolston, 66).
The use of sustainable construction has enhanced sustainable land use and conservation of the environment. The use of cooperative strategic development, which included the local communities in decision making and planning, necessitated the rehabilitation of West Haven back to its initial form of economic prowess. Rolston highlights how sustainable development has been used to address social inequities created by flawed urban policies
The infrastructure of Qwest Haven in the 19th century in terms of “public buildings, brick houses, train lines, stores and factories, was a reflection of a working middle class of German immigrant values through the richness of industry, networked transportation, presence of civil authority, and diversity of recreation” (Rolston 63).
Rolston explains that the completion of 149th Street Bridge in 1910 enhanced the completion of the Cromwell Creek Landfill project. After the completion of the land fill projects, West Haven opened its doors to economic development. However, according to Rolston (66) “West Haven’s social atmosphere and commercial vitality failed to brighten its dull appearance” (Rolston 66).
Social life in the yester years of West Haven relied heavily on establishments such as “the Jacob Ruppert Beer Hall, and tavern in the nearby Morrisania Hub, pen green spaces such as Cedar Park, and entertainment venues such as the Bronx Opera House, a popular vaudeville theatre that still stands, although in a faded condition” (Rolston 66). The early 20th century social life of Bronx relied on the economic and social organization of artist workshops and industries located within the town (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 1).
The town underwent a gradual growth over time. Rural roads later become tarmac roads which led to factories, apartments and homes, offices, and stores. Despite these developments, the town remained gloomy.
As a result, the streets of this town were dominated by unattractive industrial buildings. However, there were a few exceptions. For example, “Bronx Men’s House of Detention reflected a social strategy that placed undesirable by important urban institutions within the locality of remote areas of emerging cities” (Rolston 66).
Bronx Men’s House of Detention building was closed in 1963, and would only be opened when needed. This happened until it was eventually demolished in 2007. Although it was one of the few buildings which were decorated, Bronx Men’s House of Detention building could not brighten the ever dull West Haven city.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Rehabilitation of West Haven by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The presence of such abandoned buildings by departed industry and socioeconomic collapse formed the initial stages of West Haven’s deterioration. The New York City Council was motivated by the ancient industrial prowess of West Haven and it embarked on a difficult journey of restoring the city’s lost glory in 2006.
The administration and construction processes were approved by the New York City Council Uniform Land Use Procedure. After the approval, architects redesigned the land use profile along Harlem River. In the process, they eliminated Cromwell Avenue, which divided the project site.
This led to the development of a renewed and upgraded infrastructure. The most notable transformations include the traffic pattern and transport infrastructure that encompasses Gateway today. The renovation led to the reconnection between CSX freight lines and Oak point Rail Yard (Wolkoff 58). This was a monumental architectural development in West Haven for it links West Haven to other surrounding suburbs.
In fact, it restored Wets Haven’s status as the hub of major urban freight intermodal transport corridor. Upon its completion in 2009, Gateway could accommodate 2800 cars and had a 950,000 gross square feet (AKRF 34). In addition, a 250 room hotel which is expected to be complete in 2014 is under construction (AKRF34). During the renovation of Gateway, a number of structures were brought down such as the Bronx Men’s House of Detention building and several commercial buildings.
The renovations also included an esplanade, creation of forefront parks and recreation areas, and the upgrade of the transportation sector. The main notable ones include the construction of a new train station and foot bridge from the Metro North suburban line.
For example, the modern rail station located along the 153rd street offers additional public transportation access to Yankee stadium (Anderson 45). The advancement plays a significant role in reducing car traffic when the stadium hosts sporting activities.
Furthermore, the original Yankee stadium was brought down and rebuilt as a Gateway background project. The stadium was strategically located close to the transportation and pedestrian access infrastructures and this has enhanced revenue generation from the parking fees collected in this area.
The architects who were in charge of the reconstruction process took radical measures so as to realize the set goals. The architects declared Gateway as a General Large Scale District so as to allow for rezoning which increased the area of parking spaces. The architects created private public partnered projects in a bid to prevent the adverse effects that were likely to arise as a result of the reconstruction.
The economic Development Corporation gave relocation assistance to commercial tenants. This strategy led to the creation of 65,000 square feet of space. At some point, the architects received resistance from some members of the neighboring communities. However, the architects organized several meetings which brought together different stakeholders from the community including the clergy, local agencies, politicians, and citizens in order to address the raised concerns.
During the meeting, a consensus was reached and everyone party agreed that West Haven should be renovated for the benefit of all. The architects, related companies, the community representatives and Bronx Overall EDC adopted a comprehensive CBA. The CBA spelt out clearly “the project planning process for inclusive hiring at the site to give economic activity to local residents during all phases of construction and afterward” (Ascher 34).
The New York City council together with other stakeholders unanimously agreed to rebuild West Haven and they have succeeded in restoring its economic prowess (Levere 74 ). The current outlook of Gateway indicates the transformation that West Have has undergone. The current status of the city has embraced cotemporary architectural designs and sustainable land use.
Conclusion West Haven, which is located in Bronx, Morrisania was once the New York’s industrial hub. Rolston states that the rehabilitation of West Haven and communities around it had been stalled for many years owing to a belief that it is impossible to salvage West Haven and its surrounding communities in economic and architectural terms.
However, the use of cooperative strategic development, which included the local communities in decision making and planning, necessitated the rehabilitation of West Haven back to its initial form of economic prowess. Currently, West Haven, which focuses on ecological sustainability, is a key revenue generator of New York City.
The administration and construction processes were approved by the New York City Council Uniform Land Use Procedure. After the approval, architects redesigned the land use profile along Harlem River. In the process, they eliminated Cromwell Avenue, which divided the project site. This led to the development of a renewed and upgraded infrastructure. The most notable transformations include the traffic pattern and transport infrastructure that encompasses Gateway today.
The renovation led to the reconnection between CSX freight lines and Oak point Rail Yard. This was a monumental architectural development in West Haven for it links West Haven to other surrounding suburbs. In fact, it restored West Haven’s status as the hub of major urban freight intermodal transport corridor.
Upon its completion in 2009, Gateway could accommodate 2800 cars and had a 950,000 gross square feet (Bronx County Clerk’s Office 11). However, the architects organized several meetings which brought together different stakeholders from the community including the clergy, local agencies, politicians, and citizens in order to address the raised concerns. During the meeting, a consensus was reached and everyone party agreed that West Haven should be renovated for the benefit of all.
West Haven is a key industrial center of New York City. The renovation and upgrade of West Haven to its current status has been necessitated by the application of Social geography. The rehabilitation of West Haven is as a result of collaborative work between various stakeholders and components of social geography.
Social geography played a key role in understanding the need to renovate West Haven and in bringing together all the stakeholders. First, the stakeholders unanimously agreed that West Haven must be rehabilitated for the benefit of not only the local communities, but also for the benefit of investors. Secondly, Social geography brought together a host of professional who engineered the renovation of West Haven.
This paper has thus illuminated the significance of Social geography in evaluating how social relations, identities and inequalities are made. Owing to the application of Social geography, West Haven, which focuses on ecological sustainability, has been transformed into a key revenue generator of New York City (Mastrelli 236).
Works Cited AKRF. The Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market. New York: AKRF Press, 2005. Print.
Anderson, Saul. New York Area Roads Crossings and Exits. New York: AKRF Press, 2005. Print.
Ascher, Khan. The Works. Anatomy of a City. New York: The Penguin Press, 2005. Print.
Bronx County Clerk’s Office. A Brief Look at the Bronx. New York: The Penguin Press, 2005. Print.
Caro, Raul. The Power Broker. New York: Vintage Books, 1975.Print.
Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. “West Haven”. Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 1.1 (2011): 1-10. Print.
Levere, John. “Retailers Take a Chance on a Mall in the Bronx”. The New York Times 23 Sept. 2009: pp. 1-7.
Mastrelli, Iara. “Harbor Haven”. Hospitality Design 29.7 (2007): 236-239. Print.
McNamara, Jim. History in Asphalt. New York: Harbor Hill Books,1978. Print.
Rolston, Lorraine. “A New Bronx Tale: Gateway Center and Modern Urban Redevelopment”. Focus on Geography 55.2 (2012): 63-74. Print.
Walsh, Don. Reconnaissance Mapping of Landfills in New York City. New York : Wiley Online Library, 1991. Print.
Wolkoff, Adam. “Creating a Suburban Ghetto: Public Housing at New Haven’s West”. Connecticut History 45.1(2006): 56-93. Print.
Discussion about diffusion of innovation Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
It is just a few people who can comfortably discuss the topic “Diffusion of innovation”. Not many have even ever heard of it. Yet to those who have had the chance to know a little about it, it is a topic that left them yearning to have some more of the information. This has been the case for everyone who reads the work of the great author of Diffusion of Innovation who still, theorized the whole idea.
Everett M. Rogers lives everyone who reads his work wondering how genius he could be to have seen such reality. According to Robinson, Diffusion of Innovation seeks to make clear how innovations are spread in a society (Robinson, 2009, p.1).
It also shows how “other techniques and social organization principles are likely to spread along the same route” (Rodgers 1995, p.5). Innovation, on the other hand, refers to ideas, ways or methods of doing things or a product that are considered new in a society.
Diffusion of innovation offers insights on the factors which could make innovations spread faster, importance of understanding the needs of the various user segments and also peer-peer conversations and peer networks (Robinson, 2009, p.1).
Depending on the degree of perception, relative advantage, simplicity and ease of use, observable results, trial ability and compatibility with existing values and practices and observable results, all these qualities contribute immensely to the success of spread of any innovation (Robinson, 2009, p.1-2).
The relative advantage is measured on the basis of tastes and preferences of the users while the compatibility with the existing values and practices is measured against past experiences and the values held by the users. On the other hand, simplicity and ease of use depends on the degree to which an innovation is perceived difficult to use.
Observable results refer to the efficiency of the innovation. Trial abilty refers to the ability of innovation to be tested (Robinson, 2009, p.1-2). However, Robinson argues that continuous improvement through reinventions is the key to spreading an innovation (Robinson, 2009, p.3).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Everett argues that peer-peer conversations help in spreading innovations even more than advertisements and other similar interventions that are used in marketing. He argues that conversations alone can spread adoption since they help in risk management and also take care of any uncertainties.
Source: Mahajan, Muller and Bass (1990) as reproduced in Rogers, E.M. (2003) p210.
The graph above depicts a clear picture of how peer-peer communication becomes more influential in spreading an innovation and how mass communication becomes less influential over time.
To emphasize the need to understand the adopters, Rodgers categorized the adopters into five groups: innovators, early adopters, early majority, late majority and laggards. He attached values or personalities to each group. These values were in consistence with his findings. The following graph is important in helping to clearly understand the concept different user segments. Rodgers viewed the innovators as learned personalities who were ready to take risks.
Source: Robinson (2009): A summary of diffusion of innovation
The society views them as the well connected (Rodgers, 1995, p.357). They spend a great deal of “their time, energy and creativity on new ideas and gadgets” (Robinson, 2009, p.5). They love talking about their new ideas and through this the diffusion of innovation begins.
The other group is the early adapters which entails local leaders, people of high social status or in general people of high prestige (Rodgers, 1995, p.357
Neo-Liberalism in Theory and Practice Essay best college essay help
Introduction The need to develop economic systems that reflect the needs of every community has pushed people to initiate strategies to effect necessary changes. Trading activities have become a backbone for the development of countries’ economies. Nations and their leaders are advocating for economic integrations expansions and innovations to develop their countries.
It is imperative to consider nations’ social and political aspects before adopting any economic stimulus project. In 1930’s people adopted Neoliberalism as an effective way of developing economies. However, the steps adopted were not as effective as they were supposed to be. This led to change of meaning of Neoliberalism.
Scope of Study This is a wide topic that involves many aspects of social, political and economic factors. Therefore, it is not easy to cover all this aspects in this discussion. However, the paper will explore significant social, political and economic aspects that are connected to Neo-liberalism. The study will focus on the impacts Neo-liberalism to the daily activities of human beings and their states.
Preposition The beginning of the 20th century was a significant period in the development of many nations. Most countries realized the need for economic integrations and corporations. This led to the formulation of policies that were aimed at governing economic relations among countries. As a result, there was the formulation of liberalist policies to unify trading activities among trading partners. These activities included the formation of trade blocks, treaties and production contracts.
However, these attempts failed to yield expected results leading to withdrawal of membership from trading blocks and disrespecting trade agreements. The result was the formation of Neo-liberalism movements to oppose integration attempts. The liberalization of trade activities among nations was a deliberate attempt to spread imperialism and advance the needs of powerful nations.
Objectives This essay explores various ways through which liberalization of trade activities was an attempt to propagate the interest of few countries at the expense of underdevelopment in other countries. The paper explores the initial intentions of liberalizing social, political and economic activities to reflect a uniform front.
In addition, this paper outlines key impacts of liberalism that led to the formation of Neo-liberalism. This is a one-on-one approach aimed at establishing the inefficiencies brought by liberalism and their resultant effects. It should be noted that liberalization of political and economic activities was anchored on uniting countries to help fight common problems. These problems existed due to differences in economic and political orientations exposing countries to significant challenges.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Literature Reviews This essay will discuss presentations made by Dan Schiller, Fernando Bermejo and E.R. Meehan. Their works are based on media liberalization, and how other factors affect them. In addition, this works for the basis of this discussion through exploring the significance of liberalization and Neo-liberalization to the society. In studying their work, it is imperative to seek answers to the following questions.
What are the consequences of Neo-liberalization of the media, in what way are these consequences revealed and how are the losers fighting back. In addition, this essay will address attempts to perpetuate liberalization. In this discussion, several aspects reveal the impacts of liberalization in society. The media is the society’s watchdog and plays vital roles in educating, informing and shaping public opinions regarding various issues.
World Communication in Today’s Age of Capital by Dan Schiller Schiller asserts much of his discussion on Eric Hobsbawm’s work done between 1840 and 1870. According to this work this period saw the world transformed from a geographical representation to operational activities. There was the need to have adequate capital to facilitate any operational activity.
Much of the world was undergoing infrastructural adjustments that necessitated the need to have adequate capital to finance such projects (Schiller 2001). He discusses these issues through analyzing the use of communication services like broadband and internet services and audiovisual and telecommunication services.
Modern Telecommunication This is the world’s fastest growing industry due to the need for people and companies to keep in touch with the rest of the world. Today, there are more than 900 million telephone lines and hundred million of wireless, mobile phones all over the world. This is in contrast with about 142 million landline telephones in the 1960s (Schiller 2001).
People and organizations have invested massive capital in this industry to warrant the untamed expansion of communication services. Multiple networking skills have amalgamated such capital investments towards telecommunications. This has also led to spread in the use of mobile phones among the middle class and thus facilitated communications.
The spread of telecommunication services has infiltrated all remote villages of the world making mobile phones a necessity (Schiller 2001). This has in turn led to the entry of many telecommunication companies to the market forcing prices of these servicers to slump backwards.
We will write a custom Essay on Neo-Liberalism in Theory and Practice specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Competition has without doubt set in, and investors are trying all means possible to woe consumers to their services. This has led to reduced call rates and the provision of other cheap services. As a result, this is bound to cause significant discrimination against the poor especially those living in third world countries. Moreover, the entrance of many players in this field will without doubt stiffen unhealthy competitions among them (Schiller 2001).
This will result to the provision of cheap services that will eventually push unstable companies to closure. Those companies that operate on fixed budgets will have difficult times competing with well established multibillion companies. Therefore, they will wind up their operations after making continuous losses and having unsuccessful attempts of rescuing their investments.
Finally, the cut throat competition among service providers will result in reduced prices of services. This will in turn compromise the quality of service provided by these companies (Schiller 2001). The policies formulated to promote liberalization, privatization and specialization will only propel the interests of giant companies and their related operations while trampling on all attempts made by new entrants in the market.
Audiovisual Services Televisions are the most common way of audiovisual communication. The last decade saw the use of television sets multiply from 176 sets in 1965 to 1.16 billion sets in 1995. This means that there has been an addition of more than six billion television audiences (Schiller 2001). To date, the number has multiplied more than a thousand times with many countries importing cheap television sets from china.
This has increased the number of television viewers to hundreds of billions. The television networks operate using satellite companies that offer broadcasting services. Even though most state run broadcasting companies run their own satellite services most private broadcasters rely on other service providers (Schiller 2001).
For that reason, they purchase broadcasting space in many countries to ensure their services are offered in as many countries as possible. For instance, CNN and BBC have established their services in almost all nations, in the world (Schiller 2001). Another company like Viacom has collaborated with MGM to popularize and market some of their recent films (James Bond’s The World is not Enough).
These channels and broadcasting companies have expanded their operations, not as a result of an increase in the capital, but due to changes in consumer fashions and preferences. The companies provide consumer oriented services to make sales in advertising products during the airing of such interesting programs (Schiller 2001). To date, many broadcasting companies make profits through selling advertising space to companies.
Commercial advertisers have found televisions vital arenas for advertising their products and services. Majority of broadcasting services relies on commercial advertising as their main source of income. Without commercial advertisers, many broadcasting houses will close down their operations.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Neo-Liberalism in Theory and Practice by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The same commercial advertisers benefit by making market penetrations to remote areas and selling their products all over the world (Schiller 2001). These are same companies that benefit from changes in communication systems. They are like leopards ready to pounce on any unsuspecting prey. The restructuring of television services is without doubt a business oriented service aimed at providing quality marketing and advertising services to consumers.
These attempts are geared towards capturing the audience interests in commercial advertising rather than providing quality broadcasting services to them (Schiller 2001). The broadcasters are not entirely to blame for this fault since they rely on commercial advertisers to make profits. However, most small scale businesses do not stand equal chances of competing with giant firms in purchasing advertisement space.
Just the way powerful politicians dominate media broadcasting so are giant companies. They are given prominence, and their advertisements are aired during prime hours compared to small scale business advertisements aired during off peak hours. Most companies have taken over the management of television houses like in the United States where moist companies are owned by foreign corporations like News Corporation, Seagram and Sony (Schiller 2001).
The fact that foreign companies dominate broadcasting g services in the United States shows the presence of involuntary penetration for self interest purposes. Even though, the United States tried to maintain its broadcasting identity after the first world wart by declining and resisting attempts to merge with Great Britain’s companies these attempts were futile. Since then the United States has relaxed most if its restrictions in broadcasting dominance by foreign firms (Schiller 2001).
This is without doubt an expression of America’s hidden interests in allowing foreign broadcasting companies to operate and dominate its television systems. The United States’ media transnationalization has given rise to other inevitable changes in the global media.
Sony and other companies have invested billions of capital in distributing systems to offer world entertainment services (Schiller 2001). On the other hand, the United States entertainment firms have established partnerships with foreign companies to offer entertainment services to Americans’ and other nationals in different countries.
This has led to the broadcasting of a historical advancement of America as a super power. This has also led to the propagation of American culture as a national culture for people residing in America despite their citizenship. These are some of the aspects the media is unable to control due to the impacts such advertisers have on the media’s economic gains.
Their global media systems pay attention to issues that propagate their commercial and corporate interests and ignore those that cannot accommodate their interests (Schiller 2001). Moreover, claims that the United States media content is at risk due to changes in the global media demands need to be clarified than is usually done.
There is a significant change in the content broadcasted to the world and America’s competitors are gaining ground. There is a considerable surge of United States based media companies as Europe continues to dominate the market as its balance of trade with United States has risen to 5.6 billion U.S. dollars in 1996 increasing their European share market to 78% from 56% (Schiller 2001).
In addition, giant European media firms support most local programs in many countries as was evident in the Global Television Market Annuals. This means Europe is gaining more grounds than America in global advertisements. Mexico is taking the world by storm by dominating most local channels in their endless Telenovelas. This is a clear indication of how poor countries are denied opportunities available only to rich countries.
Internet and Broadband Services Internet communication is growing in popularity and demand due to the challenges facing wire communications. There have been challenges that threaten communication due to weak channels and poor communication services. Internet and broadband services refer to the use of networking services to facilitate communication.
This involves the use of fiber and wireless communications (Schiller 2001). This has given rise to recent struggles for reclaiming media practices as the quest for democracy intensifies. There are considerable capitalist dominations as is evident in the recent internet developments. This is due to the fact that internet communications take place between companies and not companies and consumers.
Therefore, companies are trying their best to take hold of the volatile market through mergers and economic arrangements that will take care of their interests (Schiller 2001). Recent developments in the internet services are aimed at expanding business operations to high end consumers and not just any ordinary client. Companies are targeting consumers that will be motivated by product quality and not affordable prices.
Therefore, these efforts do not intend to establish or identify a liberalized consumer zone. These attempts are aimed at creating effective sales strategies that will target rich consumers. These attempts started in 1995 when WorldCom and other giant corporations got a lion share during privatization of internet services (Schiller 2001).
Secondly, the advertising community grasped the demand for internet marketing and made it mandatory for any advertiser to acquire an internet strategy as a board for advertising plans. Thirdly, there was the establishment of the vertical integration corporate regulations over internet services (Schiller 2001).
AOL is the best example of a capitalist approach to controlling internet services. The struggle to buy advertising space is motivated by capitalistic needs top acquire a large share of consumers’ attention. Internet service providers have taken advantage of this rush to offer other services to clients. This has resulted to partnering with other electronic companies to allow fast access and navigation to various sites.
As a result, this has pushed for integrations and mergers in internet related service providers (Schiller 2001). This has led to the establishment of broadband service providers that aim at providing high speed data communication services. The process of internet service provision is dominated by a handful of companies despite the provision of global communication services.
New Media and Society by Fernando Bermejo This discussion explores the literature produced by various scholars with regard to media influence in advancing capitalism. This is with regard to Smythe’s beliefs that communications are concurrently in their forms and involves their final stages of production where sales determine consumer satisfaction and production (Bermejo 2007).
The media ratings have lost their significance ion advertising due to proliferations of capitalists’ agendas in advertising. These ratings have existed to offer inclined public perceptions regarding the performance and production of the media. Even though, the work of media audience is purchasing advertised products, this has not always been true since the audience is also involved in typing and scanning through many internet pages.
Therefore, the audience plays significant roles in determining the direction and functions of advertising engines (Bermejo 2007). The presence of regular developments in media advertisements warrants the need to identify ways of analyzing their importance to the society. However, it is without doubt that all these developments are aimed at propagating the interests of capitalist institutions.
Bermejo argues that even though the development of new media is not a bad progress it must address consumer needs and contributions to shaping communication. Most media development aim at advancing the needs of their sponsors and not consumers.
The media fail to identify the roles of audiences as essential components of advertisements (Bermejo 2007). There is the need to incorporate consumers’ needs in media development to address liberalization as an essential part of the development. However, most media houses focus their attention on their sponsors since they provide the bulk of their capital.
Deregulation and Integrated Oligopolies by E. R. Meehan Meehan argues that all deregulation policies are aimed at centralizing global and national economies within the last two decades. The policies allow subjects to decide what is good for them (Meehan 2003). This is without doubt an effective way of advancing capitalist approaches in business activities.
Companies have integrated their efforts by amalgamating and forming mergers that will facilitate the realization of their interests (Meehan 2003). These relationships are guided by capitalist interests of regulating supply and production to fit their preferences and advance the realization of their interests.
Major share holders in various industries have formed relationships and policies that threaten the existence of weak competitors. On the other hand, they have also controlled communication channels and systems to reflect their demands. The late 1970s saw liberal moves towards organizing communication systems to reflect their policies (Meehan 2003).
However, these attempts resulted in capitalism as they sought to advance their interests. The policies formulated served their interests and ignored weak competitors. Therefore, the attempts were not effective in liberalizing economic regimes.
Conclusion Neoliberalization efforts are justified in restoring democracy and equal playing grounds for all investors. Nations strive to develop their systems, but this is difficult in the presence of strings attached to service delivery by multinational companies. However, despite the presence of current struggles to retain capitalist policies there are a bright future that promises consumers and small scale producers of a democratic economy.
References Bermejo, F. (2007). The Internet Audience: Constitution and Measurement. New York: Peter Lang.
Meehan, E.R. (2003). Deregulation and Integrated Oligopolies. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
Schiller, D. (2001). World Communications in Today’s Age of Capital. Emergencies Volume 11. San Diego: University of California Press.
Djoser and Imhotep Art History Essay essay help: essay help
Netjerikhet Djoser, also known as Zoser, was probably the famous King who ruled Egypt in the third Dynasty for 19 years.
His name means “the divine body” and he is remembered for commissioning the construction of step pyramid which was architectural work of Imhotep. Historical facts have revealed that the relation between Dsojer and Imhopet was cordial.
Imhotep was a highly respected Egyptian polymath, architect and a doctor who lived in Egypt between 2650 and 2600BC. He constructed the first Pyramid in Egypt which was commissioned by King Djoser.
Inscription in some statues describes Imhopet as “Chancellor of the king in lower Egypt”. Early history sources reveal that he may have been born in the Memphis while others suggest that he may have originated from Thebes and served under King Djoser who reigned between 2630 to 2611BC.
Historians still value his accomplishments which include the construction of Egypt’s first Pyramid that was a Djoser’s step pyramid in Saqqara.
His role in writing was mainly in medical texts. He is believed to have authored descriptions of over 90 anatomical terms and 50 injuries. He also founded a medical school in Memphis.
Evaluation realism in the Egyptian Arts Egyptian rules of art, sculpture, paintings, and relief carving were so diverse that did not depict the realities in life. Most paintings were religious and depicted numerous gods and goddesses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Because Egyptians observe law and order, complex rules for how Gods and humans were represented in paintings, carvings and sculpture were developed.
Figures in paintings and size of sculpture were calculated by the status of a person as opposed to normal rules of linear perspective which brings out a real image. For example, men statues were painted in darker color than the female ones.
Symbolism was a feature that was greatly used in paintings. Some colours had more than one meaning. For example, red symbolized power or strength as well as fire. Green was a symbol of new life, fertility and growth. Yellow was associated with kings and royals.
The same yellow color symbolized purity and eternity (Stokstad 138). Paintings in tombs are good examples of the Egyptian art that has no realism. The pictures depicted life after death. They would show pictures of boats, and birds transporting food to the deceased.
As paintings and sculptures did not depict realism, relief carving had some elements of it. Some surviving relief sculptures found in the tomb of Hesire at Saqqara have figures of men standing, or seated, that are carved proportionally to the convention of ideal manhood. These carvings had definite sizes in three dimensions.
Figures represented by relief carvings in a room had proper place with a defined shape and size which ensured that space is well used being an indication that these forms of art depicted realism.
Falcon and the Egyptian art Falcon represents Horus, the true Pharaoh, and the Sun God. He was a symbol of rising sun in Egypt. The ancient Egypt regarded the Sun and the Moon as great falcon Horus’ eyes. Falcon Horus was a deity with various functions.
We will write a custom Essay on Djoser and Imhotep Art History specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He could fly and protect kings, had powers to guard and protect (Stokstad, 34). Other forms in which the Egyptian arts were represented were falcon headed Ra with sun disk along with Falcon mummy with gilt coffin.
Works Cited Stokstad, Marilyn. Art history. 3rd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. Print.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Anxiety Disorder Research Paper online essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Diagnosis of Anxiety disorder
Treatment of Anxiety Disorder
Abstract Anxiety disorder is a psychological problem in individuals who are known to worry too much and have fears that are unrealistic. These disorders have been known to cause diverse psychological and physical damage.
The classifications of anxiety disorder include the phobias, the generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, separation anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Each of these disorders has different symptoms and treatment procedures.Research indicates that diagnosis of the disorders may be difficult since the symptoms overlap with other common ailments. However, various treatment interventions exist.
The use of cognitive-behavioural therapy such as the use of talk therapy is very effective. The therapist tries to unearth the causes of such anxieties and fears and helps the patient realize that it was exaggerated and unrealistic.
The use of medication such as the SSRIs is also effective. However, some have adverse side effects.
Research questions I. What is the diagnosis of anxiety disorder?
II. What treatment interventions are available for anxiety disorder?
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Introduction The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) provides information about anxiety disorder as it relates to the course, Abnormal Psychology (Butcher, Mineria,