The Ideals Of The Code Of Masculinity In Advertisements Essay (Critical Writing) Cheap Essay Help

Many print advertisements which promote cigarettes, alcohol, sport clothes, and perfume for males present strong men who embody the concept of masculinity. In spite of the fact it is popular today to focus on handsome and rather feminine men in advertisements, the idea of masculinity is widely supported in the media and advertising.

In his work, Michael Kimmel focuses on the key claim that the men’s life is regulated by a specific code of masculinity the basic norms of which are to never demonstrate emotions and weakness (Kimmel). This idea is reflected in the Stetson, Djarum Super, and Nike ads. Thus, masculinity is the complex notion which rules the life of men in order to confirm their gender, status, and social position.

The Stetson, Djarum Super, and Nike advertisements seem to be about energetic and confident men and about products which contribute to the males’ active behaviors, but these ads are really about the features and qualities which are associated with masculinity and actions of a ‘real man’ according to the definite code of conduct for males.

Masculinity is a complex of rules and ideas which are usually followed by men during all their life. It depends on the demonstration of strength and focus on success and victory, the demonstration of aggression and readiness to risk. The physical attractiveness and emotional expressiveness are perceived as the female qualities that is why they are prohibited according to the ‘Guy Code’ or code of masculinity (Kimmel). Men are afraid of being compared with women when it is a result of the other men’s perception.

The Stetson advertisement seems to be about a handsome man using the definite perfume. The advertisement to promote the Stetson perfume for males presents a man in a car against the background of the wild nature (“Stetson”).

Discussing the visual with the help of the masculinity lens, it is necessary to concentrate on the details which can attract the men’s attention and become associated with masculinity in order to make the potential male customer buy the product. Thus, the man’s appearance is associated with strength because of the accentuated muscles and the definite male face expression with frowning brows. These details help create the image of a masculine man.

The man is depicted in a red car, and the color is typically associated with courage and aggression. The background of the visual is the picture of the wild nature which can be connected with the pictures of the American wild territories (“Stetson”).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Focusing on the pitch, this advertisement makes the audience believe that the portrayed man can be discussed as the image of the typical American who uses the production of the Stetson company because it emphasizes his masculinity. From this point, the cultural context of the advertisement is presented through the manipulation of the male American’s image.

The above-mentioned details allow speaking about the effective usage of the masculinity idea in promotion. According to Kimmel, men are inclined to focus on the images of ‘real men’ during their childhood in order to follow these ideals during their ‘guy’ period (Kimmel).

The advertisement can be discussed as depending on the strong associations which are the result of the men’s following the code of masculinity. Males are expected to positively react to such elements as the car, which is traditionally a ‘toy’ for adults, the red color associated with aggression, wild nature associated with risks, and muscles along with the masculine appearance associated with strength.

Thus, the male image presented in the advertisement can be discussed as the embodiment of masculinity with references to many rules presented in the Guy Code. The Stetson advertisement seems to be about a handsome man using the definite perfume, but it can also be about the ideal embodiment of a man according to the code of masculinity which is based on associations.

More direct messages are provided in the advertisement developed to promote the Djarum Super cigarettes (“Djarum Super”). The Djarum Super advertisement seems to be about an alpinist who can achieve the highest tops. Smoking is often discussed as a habit which is typical mainly for men.

To make males buy the product, it is important to provide the association which will be pleasant for them. The visual represents a man climbing a rock against the background of strong grey and brown rocks and the pale sky. The man likes extreme, he is not afraid to risk because of focusing on strong feelings and emotions. Red colors are also presented in this visual to emphasize the atmosphere of risk and brutality (“Djarum Super”).

If the man presented in the first advertisement evokes masculinity associations indirectly, the male figure depicted in the second advertisement is directly associated with a strong man who used to overcome problematic situations, barriers, and challenges in order to reach the top.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Ideals of the Code of Masculinity in Advertisements specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The advertisement makes the male audience believe that extreme and risks are characteristic for men, and it is one of the masculinity elements. It is possible to predict men’s interest in the brand of cigarettes promoted because of the vivid associations. Thus, the advertisement wants the viewer to believe that smoking is for brave men who can achieve the highest tops. The cultural context is rather insignificant in this case.

Following Kimmel’s discussion of masculinity and men’s fears to be considered as gays, it is necessary to note that the advertisement for the Djarum Super brand rejects any associations with feminine men. The presented man does not cry, but he is persistent while reaching the set goal.

The image can be discussed as supported by the society in relation to the opinion on the ‘real man’ and idea of masculinity (Kimmel). As a result, the advertisement seems to be about brave alpinists, but it could be about such qualities as courage, persistence, confidence, and the ability to take risks which allow speaking about the male’s masculinity.

Nevertheless, the message presented in the advertisement is more effective when it is accompanied by the written text. The advertisements developed to promote the Nike’s campaign seem to be about the famous sportsmen presenting the new shirts in a rather provocative manner.

The advertisement with Aidil Zafuan where the man is stripping off his skin to represent the shirt is accompanied with the controversial slogan “Shirt on. Fear off” (“Nike”). This written text provides the direct reference to the code of masculinity according to which men should not feel any fear and demonstrate their weakness.

The advertisement wants the viewer to believe that men should not feel fear and promote the associated Nike production. Sportsmen are the best models to emphasize the idea of the male strength. Men are interested in sport because they are interested in results, success, and victory.

All these points along with the idea of avoiding fear are highlighted in the Nike advertisement. In spite of the fact the cultural context of the Nike advertisement is specific and the visual represents the Malaysian footballer, the masculinity idea is accentuated clearly and without references to the national or cultural aspect.

It is possible to interpret the Nike advertisement with references to Kimmel’s claim and state that it is easier for men to skip off their skin than to admit or demonstrate their fear (Kimmel). Boys do not cry, and the advertisers operated this idea fully. The advertisement seems to be about sportsmen stripping off their skin, but it is really about the connection between sport, fashion, and masculinity because ‘real men’ do not feel fear and pain, and sportsmen are the best examples.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Ideals of the Code of Masculinity in Advertisements by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More While the discussed advertisements seem to be promoting the definite products, they are really promoting the image of a man based on the idea of masculinity and encouraging the associated males’ behaviors. A superficial viewer may believe the Stetson, Djarum Super, and Nike advertisements to be about energetic and confident men, but the viewer who is familiar with Kimmel’s claim would see the advertisements as really selling the image of a ‘real man’ whose masculinity is also associated with the usage of the promoted products.

The above-mentioned advertisements attract the male audience because they operate the concepts related to the code of masculinity discussed by Kimmel. The code of masculinity stresses on definite attitudes and behaviors reflecting a man’s masculine nature, and these norms reject any signs of the feminine behaviors in men.

However, the effect can be decreased, if the advertisements are done differently. I can state that if the Stetson advertisement focuses more on a handsome model, the idea to represent a ‘real man’ can fail. If the Djarum Super advertisement is represented with the changed illustration, the idea of masculinity will not work. If the Nike advertisement is presented with the other text, the whole message cannot be interpreted correctly.

Thus, the idea of a ‘real man’ is a complex notion which includes definite actions, emotions, feelings, behaviors, and aspects of appearance, and the Stetson, Djarum Super, and Nike advertisements are developed to support this idea related to the masculinity concept.

Works Cited “Djarum Super”. n.d. JPEG file. Web.

Kimmel, Michael. “Bros before Hos: The Guy Code”. Rereading America. Ed. Gary Colombo, Robert Cullen, and Bonnie Lisle. USA: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2010. 608-617. Print.

“Nike: Malaya Posters”. 2012. JPEG file. Web.

“Stetson: Tom Brady”. 2007. JPEG file. Web.

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Air Pollution Characteristics and Effect Essay essay help free

Table of Contents Classification of Air Pollutants

Characteristics of Air pollutants

Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health

Effect of Air Pollutants in the Environment

Works Cited

Air pollution occurs when gaseous substances are released into the atmosphere. Industrialization is the major source of air pollution. An alteration in the gaseous composition of the atmosphere is called air pollution. Air pollution is caused by the release of gaseous elements into the atmosphere (Schwartz 7). The gaseous substances contaminate the atmosphere and causes harm to living and nonliving things.

The chemical composition of the atmosphere can be seen below:

Gas Symbol Percentage Composition Nitrogen N2 78.1 Oxygen O2 20.9 Neon Ne 0.92 Argon Ar Helium He Krypton Kr Xenon Xe Carbon dioxide CO2 Methane CH4 Nitrous oxide N2O Water vapor H2O 0.004 to 4 (Variable) The composition table shows that gaseous elements can combine to cause adverse effect on humans and the atmosphere. Gaseous emissions from the atmosphere can cause short and long-term hazards. Air pollutants can be divided into primary and secondary pollutants.

Classification of Air Pollutants Air pollutants can be classified into two types namely: Primary and secondary pollutants

Primary Pollutants: Gaseous substances released into the atmosphere are called primary pollutants. These substances have direct access to the atmosphere and can cause great danger to human health and the environment. When these gases are released in large quantities they combine to form a harmful product. These substances include compounds of carbon, Nitrogenous compounds, compounds of sulphur, compounds of halogen and solid particles (koop 4).

Secondary Pollutants: Primary pollutants react to form secondary pollutants. The accumulation of gaseous elements produces secondary air pollutants. Secondary pollutants include acidic oxides which are formed from the release of nitrogen oxides.

Characteristics of Air pollutants Particles of matter: Pollutants in this category consist of residues from bush burning, construction sites, combustion engines, dust particles, soot or smoke and heavy metals. When this particulate suspensions are inhaled there cause harm to the respiratory system.

Nitrogen oxides: Oxides of nitrogen are released from heavy-duty engines. Accumulation and deposition of this substance can damage the ozone layer and affect the visibility of the environment.

Oxides of sulphur: The emission of this substance produces a pungent smell. Oxides of sulphur are released into the atmosphere during gas flaring. Sulphur dioxide cause irritation of the skin and affects the lungs.

Oxides of carbon: This gas is not visible; it is a colorless gas and has an adverse effect on human health. Oxides of carbon are produced from the combustion engines. High volumes of this substance can cause brain damage and immediate death.

Depleted Ozone: when gaseous substances are released into the atmosphere, they cause depletion of the ozone layer. Ozone depletion is caused by the emission of primary pollutants into the atmosphere. The ozone becomes depleted and causes damage to the central nervous system.

Lead particles: The burning of crude oil produces huge deposits of lead. The accumulation of this pollutant in the atmosphere can cause severe damage to the reproductive organs, lungs and the central nervous system.

Toxic and radioactive pollutants: Toxic pollutants are found in products containing gasoline. Toxic substances increase the mortality rate in children and affect the female reproductive organs. Radioactive pollutants can cause breast cancer and other respiratory diseases (Wai 4).

The table below shows a list of some common pollutants and their sources

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Common pollutants Sources Particulate matter suspensions Heavy industries, cement plants, power plants, automobile industries. Fluoride Components of fertilizer, aluminium chippings, heavy metals. Chlorine Deposits from water plants. Sulphur dioxide Petroleum plants, heavy metals, power plants. Lead Battery manufacturing plants, Ore plants. Peroxyacetyl nitrate Indirect pollutant. Oxides of nitrogen and its compounds Heavy metals, power plants, automobiles Carbon monoxide Combustion engines. Hydrogen sulphide Power plants, paper industries. Ozone Indirect pollutants. Formaldehyde Indirect pollutants. Ammonia Fertilizer, deposits from fertilizer plants. Hydrocarbons Crude oil plants, automobiles. Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health Previous literatures indicate that air pollution is a major source of health problems globally (Daly and Zannetti 3). Air pollution has short and long term effect; it affects the climate and human beings. Depletion of the ozone layer is a long-term effect of air pollution. Health workers believe that the rate of gaseous emission has increased geometrically, this account for the health hazards and death of children.

Children are more vulnerable to air pollutants because the accumulated chemical substance would reduce the metabolic rate in the body (Daly and Zannetti 5). Health workers argue that the high rate of infant mortality and abnormalities is caused by the accumulation of gaseous substances in the atmosphere. Children have been diagnosed with lung cancer, a trend that began with industrialization. There are many other ailments associated with air pollution.

The table below summarizes the effects of air pollution on human health.

Pollutants Effects on human health Particles of matter Cause heart diseases, affects the lungs, and causes premature death due to prolonged exposure and cardiac arrest. Ozone depletion Affects the respiratory organs, induces symptoms such as cough, breath disorders, lung infection. Lead Causes renal failure, affects the memory of children, can lead to anemia, causes nervous breakdown. Oxides of Nitrogen Causes renal failure in children, affects the lungs. Oxides of sulphur Can lead to asthma, causes chest pain in children and the aged. Reduces the lifespan of children, can cause serious respiratory problems in pregnant women. Carbon monoxide Affects oxygen circulation in the body, causes respiratory disorders. Ammonia Associated with heart failures and low blood pressure. Organic compounds Volatile compounds cause cancer, affects the metabolic breakdown of the body. Causes renal failure and respiratory infections. Mercury Induces brain damage, causes liver and kidney failures, affects the growth of children. Toxic wastes Causes lung cancer, affects the reproductive organs, can lead to death of the victim. The table below summarizes the effects of air pollutants on the environment

Effect of Air Pollutants in the Environment Pollutants Effects in the environment Particles of matter Affects visibility and the ecosystem, distorts the pattern of rainfall, damages the soil structure and affects plant growth. Ozone depletion Affects vegetation cover, affects leaves and flowering plants, reduces photosynthesis, reduces crop yield, affects carbon dioxide uptake in plants. Causes stunted growth in plants. Lead Harmful to aquatic life, reduces the availability of trace elements in the soil. Oxides of Nitrogen Causes climate change, increases ozone depletion, affects soil nutrients when the accumulated in higher amounts. Oxides of sulphur Reduces the vegetation cover, damages soil structure. Carbon monoxide Influences the formation of carbon dioxide and affects greenhouse compounds. Ammonia Influences the eutrophication of soil water, leads to contamination of ground water, and affects climate change. Organic compounds Influence the ozone process, affects the greenhouse process. Mercury Distorts aquatic life and the deposits in rivers affects the vegetative cover. Toxic wastes Affects wildlife and reduces the growth of livestock, affects the ecosystem. Finally, air pollution must be controlled in order to guarantee a safe environment. Burning of fuels must be controlled and proper care must be taken to ensure proper management of these air pollutants.

Works Cited Daly, Arter and Zannetti Paker 2007, Introduction to Air Pollution. PDF file. Web.

Koop, Gary 2002, Measuring the Health Cost of Air Pollution. PDF file. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Air Pollution Characteristics and Effect specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Schwartz, Joel 2006, The Health Effects of Air Pollution. PDF file. Web.

Wai, Wong 2008, Air Pollution and Health Studies in China: A Literature Review. Web.

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Need for Authoritarian Rule Research Paper college essay help: college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Authoritarian Rule in Yugoslavia

The African Case: Genocide in Rwanda

Main Features of Authoritarian Regimes

The Need of Dictatorship

Works Cited

Introduction Recent studies on international relations reveal that the world is troubled with primeval ethnic conflict. This implies that tribal groups lie in wait for one another. Ethnic groups nurture a long-standing revulsion, but they cannot engage in war because powerful authoritarian leaders control them. From this perspective, it is difficult for tribal groups to coexist without the use of force, which can only be implemented by powerful leaders who have absolute authority.

In Eastern Europe, former Yugoslavia serves as an example whereby the Serbs, Croats, and Bosnians coexisted yet they belonged to different ethnic groups. The groups lived for several years peacefully, but they rose against each other without a valid reason. This was after the fall of the authoritarian rule, which held them together for a long time. Serbs, Croats and Bosnians share a common language and history, but they differ in terms of other cultural aspects.

They have always viewed each other with suspicion as regards to resource distribution. Ethnicity becomes nationalism when various groups attempt to control major state resources, such as land and power. The Serbs and Croats advocated for their rights by joining other European nations that demanded self-governance.

While Serbs drew examples from the short-lived nation-state, Croats were in advanced stages of developing a nationalist ideology (Geertz 67). Croats believed that their rival regarding resource allocation were the Serbs. Therefore, the best alternative was to eliminate them. This could not materialize given the fact that a powerful authoritarian leader could not allow this to happen.

This paper evaluates the statement that antagonistic ethnic groups can live together for years due to the presence of the authoritarian leader. The article therefore supports the hypothesis that soft authoritarianism is needed to maintain peace and political stability.

Authoritarian Rule in Yugoslavia Yugoslavia was formed after the First World War following the despicable conflicts that characterized the region. Serbs dominated the state since they owned major businesses. This was never received well by the Croats who felt that their position was under threat, as they owned nothing.

In this regard, the Croats formed a militant organization referred to as Ustashe, which aimed at fighting for the rights of all Croats. The militant organization could not do much before the Second World War because of the presence of an authoritarian leader. Following the collapse of the state during the Second World War, the Croats collaborated with the Nazis to exterminate the Serbs. The Serbs were forced to work in concentration camps together with the Jews while others were expelled from the region.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Serb leader Slobodan Milosevic declared war on the Croats when he noticed that his people were dying in large numbers. After the Second World War, a strong authoritarian leader took over in Yugoslavia, who controlled occurrence of another massacre until 1990s when the two warring communities rose against each other once more. Marshall Tito ensured that civil groups were not formed in the country since they could easily derail the peace efforts.

Instead, he developed shared political values that were to be observed by both communities. Political opposition was expected to obey certain political values, irrespective of the region. This meant that both the Serbs and the Croats were to abide by the national political principles (Friedman 56). Moreover, the authoritarian ruler ensured that Croats owned land in Serbia while Serbs also owned land in Croatia.

The African Case: Genocide in Rwanda In Africa, the issue of ethnicity started with colonialism whereby the settlers ensured that each African identifies him or herself with a certain ethnic group. This was to enable easy identification, which was perceived to be a strategy for preventing conflicts with the whites. Belgian administrators supported the Tutsis when they gave them a monopoly regarding state power. Tutsis accumulated power to an extent of making the Hutus the poorest in the country.

Hutus had to wait for an opportunity to revenge because the Belgian administration could not tolerate any conflicts. In this case, it is true that authoritarian rule prevented conflicts in Rwanda. Colonialists noticed that they could govern the African continent by collaborating with certain ethnic groups.

In many cases, they collaborated with groups that embraced Christianity or minorities. Europeans applied force in Africa because they did not have numbers. Authoritarianism was applied successfully to safeguard their rule. Nationalism is closely related to culture and industrialization, something that encouraged many colonialists (Spencer and Wollman 34).

When African leaders took over power, particularly in Rwanda, authoritarianism was applied successfully to keep the Hutus and the Tutsis together. Things changed in 1994 when authoritarian rule was condemned, paving way for openness, which resulted to the genocide (Hintjens 21).

Since authoritarian leaders have absolute control over the state machinery, they will always ensure that peace prevail in society. Such leaders do not give ethnic groups time to reorganize in order kill many people. Individuals would be reluctant to participate in violence once they realize that the consequences would be stern. Groups would be waiting for opportunities to come for them to engage in violent demonstration that usually result to deaths.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Need for Authoritarian Rule specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It should be understood that strong leadership at the top determines whether ethnic groups rise against each other in any society. The Rwandan (Hutus and Tutsis) and Balkan (Croats, Bosnians and Serbs) cases would be used as example to show that powerful leadership, which is complimented with authoritarian, does not give room to violent conflicts.

In Rwanda, the president started assembling gangs in 1990 in order to wipe out his closest opponents, who were the Hutus and the Tutsis. He formed a militia group referred to as the Interahamwe, which conducted a massacre in 1992. Since the Tutsis were accused of siding with colonialists to deprive the Rwandese of their wealth, all radio stations were ordered to spread hate messages against them. This resulted to systematic killing of the Tutsis and the Hutu moderates.

Main Features of Authoritarian Regimes As earlier noted in the introduction section, authoritarian leaders are always in opposition of multiparty politics mainly because they fear competitive politics. They do not allow divergent views to infiltrate the electorate because their leadership would be in danger. Such leaders would do everything to ensure that the opposition does not exist in the country.

For instance, they would incorporate other unscrupulous techniques such as political assassination and constant frustration of the opposition. To these leaders, the end will always justify the means implying that their techniques of rule do not matter so much, but what matters is the acquisition of power and its subsequent maintenance (Diamond 117).

Another feature that characterizes authoritarianism is that a group of few individuals control all state organs implying that the idea of checks and balances do not apply. Usually, the president is in charge of everything that should be undertaken in government. Separation of powers plays a critical role in checking the excess of the executive.

Unfortunately, this principle is not observed in an authoritarian regime because the legislature will never challenge the decision of the president, even though it has a mandate of ensuring that the law-making process is smooth.

In extreme cases, the legislature would be used as a rubber stamp meaning that its role is to approve the bills that originates from the executive arm of government. Any politician that opposes the decision of the executive is viewed as an opponent of the state and is often subjected to inhumane treatment whereby security forces would harass him or her frequently.

Authoritarian regimes are also referred to as the single party states because of certain features. One of the features is that the freedom of speech is highly controlled whereby an individual is not allowed to assemble without the permission of the government. This implies that demonstrations, strikes, and picketing are not allowed.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Need for Authoritarian Rule by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More People found demonstrating without obtaining necessary documentation from the state agencies are arrested and would be charged in the court of law (Bremmer 110). The judiciary is always dependent because it observes the instructions issued by one arm of the government, which is usually the executive. In this regard, it is eminent that freedom of assembly is not permitted in an authoritarian regime because an individual cannot hold a meeting without approval from the police.

In other authoritarian regimes, an individual would be expected to obtain a local travelling document, which means that the freedom of movement even within the state borders is highly restricted. The opposition leaders perceived to be a threat to the authoritarian ruler are often denied passports to travel within the state boundaries.

Apart from local restrictions regarding travelling, an individual must also receive approval from the government before travelling abroad. Authoritarian leaders fear the pressure of the west or developed countries meaning that they will always ensure opposition leaders do not meet with foreign donors (Huntington 68).

Regarding the media freedom, the press is only allowed to report matters that are positive whereby information is censored before being reported. Any information perceived to go against the will of the government is always subjected to close scrutiny before being allowed to reach the public.

Corruption, misappropriation of funds, poor governance, neglect of the rule of law, non-observance of the bill of rights, and inequality regarding resource distribution are some of the features that characterize authoritarian regimes. The media must always be guided on what to report concerning the performance of the government. Those that go against the wishes of the government are harshly punished by being detained for long periods without trail.

Others are frustrated to an extent of fleeing the country in fear of assassination. The opposition should never operate within the state borders because its leaders are considered political dissidents who must operate outside the state borders. In the African continent, authoritarian leaders are usually referred to as personal rulers because their major aim is to fulfil individual needs, such as resource accumulation.

It should be noted however that authoritarian rulers differ in their style of leadership because some may possess all the above-mentioned qualities while others might be having just some of the features. Moreover, some might be more oppressive while others might be accommodative meaning that they allow some political competition of opposing views.

Nevertheless, all authoritarian leaders tend to employ similar strategies regarding the control of state. In fact, they all use the state machineries, including the police, the military, the courts, and government ministries to frustrate the opposition. The main aim of all authoritarian leaders is to hold on to power hence they would be willing to use all available methods.

The Need of Dictatorship In the 1960s, many scholars and even religious leaders called for the establishment of authoritarian regimes because they were efficient in terms of managing the country’s security, as well as realizing the economic and socio-political dreams. The influential Buddhist Rajakeeya Panditha suggested in his works Sinhala that dictatorship would be the perfect form of leadership in some parts of Asia because it would bring sanity and efficiency in matters related to resource management and distribution.

In Sri Lanka, the religious leader commented that authoritarianism would perhaps guarantee prosperity in the country, as well as help the country regain its socio-political and economic glory. Many people supported the view that dictatorship would ensure growth in Sri Lanka mainly because democracy had flopped. Leaders in government welcomed the views of this religious leader because they aimed at clinging on to power for long.

However, the views of many leaders regarding the works of the cleric were misplaced because he gave his own reasons for opposing democracy. Democratic regimes had failed to address the issues that affected the people of Sri Lanka. The cleric questioned why the country was still crippling with human problems that would be avoided, such as poverty, drought, poor representation, and even misappropriation of public funds.

Some studies suggest that authoritarianism brings out the best from an individual, which means that its results are instantaneous. If an individual is deprived his or her right and fear instilled in him or her, an alternative survival means would be sought. This means that an individual will have to work hard to avoid the negative consequences.

If people were informed that a tsunami is approaching, they would scamper for their lives because they understand its dangers. Similarly, people would have to fight for their survival if they are informed that they would be arrested if they do not achieve certain objectives. Under ordinary state of affairs, an individual would not engage him or herself in busy work because there are no repercussions. Therefore, authoritarianism plays a critical role in ensuring that people join hands in realizing certain aims and goals.

Democracy is the worst form of leadership that would force individuals to work together because it relies on people’s consent. One of the major tenets of authoritarianism is that it does not allow people to question the authority, unlike democracy, which allows the populace to be involved in designing major decisions. If development were to be achieved, people should not be allowed to argue over some common facts.

Other scholars are of the view that authoritarianism is the perfect form of leadership as far as resource creation and accumulation is concerned. In order to proper, any give society should create and accumulate wealth. People should not be allowed to spend everything they produce because they would not have anything to invest and use in the future. In the 4th century, an Indian scholar tried to understand the role of authoritarianism by using aphorism.

His examination was that a monster could only be controlled using another giant. Democracy would not promote wealth creation and saving for the future because it allows people to spend their resources without state intervention. Democracy is an illusion that does not achieve anything for the state. In fact, it compromises the interests of the state (Ramsay 168). The use of force would definitely help people in the end because they would have something to spend.

Hitler has always been cited as an example of economic development because he applied authoritarian rule successfully to develop Germany. He ensured that Germany developed from poverty to riches since it was considered an economic powerhouse during the Second World War.

Through his efforts, the country was able to develop some of the mostly admired infrastructural deigns in the world. Hitler utilized forced to mobilize resources, which accelerated economic growth. He transferred resources belonging to Jews to the government, which was utilized effectively to develop the military.

The military would bring glory to the state, unlike the Jews who were self-centred. The regime took over the fixed material goods, such as office blocks and industrial units, which were utilized in developing the country. Germany could not have attained its goals of conquering the world were it not for Hitler’s authoritarian rule. Hitler forced the Jews to work in concentration camps mainly to produce weapons and other valuable products that would be used in developing the country.

After death, the bones of Jews were used in making fertilizers for the German famers meaning that their bodies were not wasted. However, this is the worst example of using authoritarian rule to ensure that state interests are met. This could not have been achieved in a democratic society because people have the right to do as they wish (Kagan 112). Therefore, Germany could not have challenged the existing the international system at the time.

The civil society has always been a menace as far as realization of state interests is concerned. Forced labour camps in China, the Soviet Union, and Kampuchea received criticism from civil groups because such camps were considered slavery. Workers were not paid, but they were provided with adequate basic needs including food and clothing. The proceeds attained through forced labour would be used to develop the country.

The civil groups demanded that all workers be given what belongs to them meaning that they had to be paid suitable salaries. Regarding environmental degradation, civil groups claimed that the government, as well as private investors, had to keep off the forests. Moreover, investors had to use production methods are environmentally friendly.

This would actually derail production because the methods suggested could perhaps be inefficient. In a democratic society, leaders must be willing to accommodate divergent views. In reality, extensive consultations and unnecessary arguments are likely to derail economic development.

Totalitarian rule is well placed to control the affairs of the social groups and disobedient trade unions, which seem to compete with the state for power. In an authoritarian regime, decisions are made faster because the chain of command is always reduced. In fact, bureaucracy and hierarchies have contributed to the failure of many policies and programs, which would have otherwise contributed to economic development.

For development to take place in an urban centre, population must be evicted to pave way for reconstruction. In a democratic society, extensive consultation would be undertaken, which would even discourage potential investors from committing their funds. However, the case would be different in an authoritarian regime because people would be ordered to live within a specified time. Issues of court cases would not surface.

Under a dictator, a city planner would have powers to evict people at will hence paving way for city development. In China, this idea was effectively utilized to develop Shanghai, which is currently one of the most respected cities in the world. Shanghai is the world’s populous industrial city because subsequent authoritarian leaders in China have always ensured that land is available for investment.

In 2008, similar rule was applied in developing Beijing given the fact that it was expected to host the Olympics games. People were relocated to pave way for the extension of the city. China could not have hosted the Olympic Games were it not for the authoritarian rule that ordered forceful eviction of the locals to pave way for expansion of the field. In China, it is always believed that a little bit of authoritarian rule would guarantee prosperity.

Research shows that authoritarian regimes are better placed to implement unpopular reforms as compared to democratic regimes. This is because the central authority has monopoly over decision making and implementation process. This is compared to the democratic regimes, which must always seek the views of the majority before implementing any policy. The writings of various political philosophers suggest that authoritarianism is the best system of governance because the central authority has the power to act unilaterally.

Plato observed that democracy is the worst form of governance because it amounts to the tyranny of the multitude given the fact that the majority might sometimes be wrong. The populace is usually appetitive meaning that they only support something that seems to be pleasant yet they do not understand its tenets. Plato suggested that a good leadership is the one that is based on a certain system, such as an education system.

The leader should be knowledgeable for him or her to make effective decisions. Therefore, it is justifiable for a leader to exercise full authority without consultation if only he or she is knowledge. In the modern society, authoritarian leaders are in a position to resolve the many issues that affect both the state and non-state actors. For instance, an authoritarian leader would be in a position to deal with issues related to the environment, such as climatic change and resource deterioration.

In China, the policy suggesting that an individual should have only one child has been successful as compared to the similar policy being applied in India. Similarly, China refused to give in to the demands of the west regarding the sale of opium due to nationalism (Maalouf 78).

Authoritarianism has played a major role in ensuring that the governmental program on population management is effective. Similarly, antagonistic communities in various parts of the world have been able to coexist peacefully mainly because of the authoritarian rule. In Rwanda, the Tutsi and the Hutu communities fought each other in 1994 because there was a power vacuum in the state. The communities could not rise against each other because of the presence of the authoritarian authority.

Works Cited Bremmer, Ian. The J Curve: A New Way to Understand Why Nations Rise and Fall. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006. Print.

Diamond, Larry. Introduction: Persistence, Erosion, Breakdown, and Renewal. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1989. Print.

Friedman, Andrew. “Kagame’s Rwanda: Can an Authoritarian Development Model be squared with Democracy and Human Rights”. Oregon Review of International Law, 253.2 (2012): 113-212.

Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2000. Print.

Hintjens, Helen. Explaining the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. Journal of Modern African Studies, 37.2 (1999): 241-286.

Huntington, Samuel. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

Kagan, Robert. The Return of History and the End of Dreams. New York: Vintage, 2009. Print.

Maalouf, Amin. In the Name of Identity: Violence and the Need to Belong. New York: Arcade Pub, 2000. Print.

Ramsay, Fey. Africa. Guilford: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Print.

Spencer, Philip, and Wollman, Howard. Nationalism: A Critical Introduction. London: Sage, 2002. Print.

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Synopsis and Critical Evaluation of Angel Investment Criteria Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction and Overview

Qualitative Method

Quantitative Method

Critical Evaluation

Conclusion

Work Cited

Introduction and Overview Entrepreneurs often need external funding to grow. Angel Investors is one of the groups that provide financial support for start-up businesses. The Journal of Small Business Strategy shows the outstanding elements in Angel’s investment criteria. This paper provides a synopsis of the journal and indicates a personal crucial evaluation of the journal.

The journal uses a two-phase approach involving a qualitative first phase and a quantitative second phase to evaluate the investment criteria. The journal is based on a survey and observation of members of Tech Coast Angel organization (TCA). TCA is the largest US Angel organization. As of August 2004, it consisted of 173 Angels (Winter 89).

Qualitative Method Qualitative phase was used to identify decision criteria of Angel that could be helpful in the quantitative phase. The study used observed screenings and associated discussions, which led to the emergence of common themes. The leading theme was passion. Entrepreneurs who showed passion for their work received more funding than those who may have had good business plans but showed no passion. Angel believes that dedication and passion can make a business succeed.

This is particularly because it believes that managing business start-ups is challenging and requires passionate and committed managers. The journal uses an example of financial services entrepreneur who impressed Angel when he said he had put almost all his money, including residential house mortgage, into the business. Subsequently, trustworthiness played a role in Angel’s success.

From its perspective, if an entrepreneur is avoiding a question, he/she is not trustworthy. Further, entrepreneurs who provide contradictory answers lose reliability and trust. The survey showed that lack of trust would lead to cancelling of the merits of the investment venture.

Another theme was the effectiveness of the management team. Angel did not investigate the shortcomings of the current team. It was interested in finding out if the team had passion, devotion, and understanding of their responsibilities. Management that was part of a previous successful team had an added advantage. Moreover, Angels often inquired from the entrepreneurs if they understood the team they needed for success.

It also wanted to know the characteristics of the management teams that are important to the client. The easiness to coach the team was another important theme that featured. Teams that were perceived to be easy to train always had an advantage over the others.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other essential themes that were discussed were experiences of advisors, experiences of the teams, records of accomplishment of members of the team and corresponding skills of the advisors. Finally, Angel seeks to know who the potential acquirers for a particular venture would be (winter 95).

Quantitative Method The qualitative method was used to confirm the results of the quantitative phase. It confirmed that the top most important themes are trustworthiness (4.81), management team (4.64), enthusiasm (4.81), and exist (4.53), five being excellent and one low rating.

The journal indicates that these results are similar to those of Van Onsnabruggle, which showed that enthusiasm ranked first and trustworthiness second. Moreover, exist which emerged top in the qualitative study ranked fourth in the survey. Onsnabruggle reported that exist is at the 24th. Most researchers hold that the management team ranks high in investment criteria. However, this study indicates that it ranks second (Winter 97).

Critical Evaluation The journal has both positive and negative aspects. Investors can use it with care and successfully identify viable entrepreneurs. First, the article provides that having a vast business model is not sufficient to help organizations obtain funding. Moreover, a good model is not a guarantee that the business will succeed.

Notably, an entrepreneur’s ability to convince an investor that he/she understands the challenges ahead and are prepared to deal with the challenges is highly crucial. Further, the traders’ management teams must consist of those who are qualified. In everyday life, one understands that an effective plan that is not fully implemented serves no purpose. As a result, Angel is right to gauge business success by evaluating the passion, trustworthiness, and competency of management teams and the entrepreneurs.

Start –up businesses face exceptional challenges and, as a result, passion is a leading theme. Despite the useful information the journal provides, it fails to address certain investment concerns. For instance, the respondents were predominantly male (sixty-eight males against four females).

Therefore, no evaluation was carried out relating to gender disparity. Moreover, only one Angel investing organization out of 173 was surveyed (Winter 89).

We will write a custom Essay on Synopsis and Critical Evaluation of Angel Investment Criteria specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The sample size was, therefore, inadequate to predict accurately the investing behavior of the US population. This possibly indicates the reason for the disparity in the results of the study and the results of other surveys. The study simply confirms that effective management is useful in determining the future of a business, but fails to confirm that the difference in the rating of certain themes is accurate.

Conclusion Angel’s investment criteria correspond to those in the findings of Onsnabruggle and other researchers. The two-phase approach consisting of a qualitative first phase and a quantitative second phase shows that Angel’s main investing criteria include passion, honesty, and trustworthiness of the entrepreneurs. Most studies confirm that honesty and trustworthiness are some of the main themes that determine the successes of a business.

Work Cited Winter, Fall. “Angel Investment Criteria.” Journal of Small Business Strategy 17.2 (2007): 89-101. Print.

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The Influence of Twitter as a Social Perception Driver in the 2012 U.S. Presidential Election Campaigns Proposal college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Research Questions

Topic Description

Approaches

Annotated Bibliography

Research Questions One of the most recent surveys by the U.S Department of State indicates that approximately 50% of the American population is actively involved in social networking. However, existing data is inconclusive on the extent to which social networking, especially twitter, has an influence on social perception (Ridout 2013, p.48).

This research therefore seeks to quantify the influence of Twitter as a perception driver by evaluating the use of Twitter as a source of information and sentiment. In particular, this research will focus on the 2012 U.S. presidential election campaigns and seek to explore the impact of the tweets disseminated by Barrack Obama and Mitt Romney Twitter accounts on their supporters and on swing voters (Ridout 2013, p.46).

It is hypothesized that Twitter played a major role in consolidating votes by underscoring the agenda of the candidates and this proposal therefore seeks to answer the following questions:

To what extent did Twitter influence the results of the 2012 presidential election?

Which presidential candidate benefited the most from using Twitter?

To what extent is the effect of Twitter to particular demographic such as age, gender, ethnicity, race and religion?

How far has Twitter as a campaign device penetrated society with regard message segmentation as compared to previous campaign years?

Topic Description In America today two thirds of all social network users are now using twitter which is now not only limited to the youths but has also being adopted by older people as a social network tool. Recent statistics show that 35% of Americans who are 65 years old and above use twitter (Krugman 2009, p.212).

There is a change in the age bracket of Twitter users which was initially composed of individuals aged between age 30 and 40 but in the recent years, the population is now composed of young people in their 20’s and teens. It is true that the 2012 elections campaigns were greatly discussed on Twitter, however not everyone who is on Twitter is interested in political campaigns (Ridout 2013, p.51).

Most of them indulge in socializing with friends thus reducing the percentage of those engaging in political discourse via Twitter to 39%. Nonetheless, despite the low percentage of Twitter users who engage in politics, this group is able to indulge their friends who are not interested in politics into discussions and even argues their views increasing the total percentage to those interested in political talk by 16% (Giuliani 2007, p.20).

There has been a positive move towards effective use of Twitter as campaign handle but sadly 18% of Twitter users have dropped their accounts as a result of friends who tweet too much politics and/or do not agree with the users’ point of view. The research on the effects of Twitter as a campaign strategy has been put under observation since 2000 (Tocqueville 2000, p.95).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the past years the use of internet to campaign was ignored and other channels like television and radio were prioritized but in the year 2008 there was a change. The candidate Barrack Obama wanted to reach out to the youth and this was achieved through the use of Twitter. Since then the internet has continued to be used as a fundamental campaign tool (Powell and Persico 2010, p.260).

Approaches Qualitative and quantitative research will be applied to analyze the research data whereby the research data will be obtained from diverse sources that are concerned with different areas of study. The development process of the research will require the objective analysis of relevant data which will be support decision making process.

The data will require qualitative approval which will necessitate organizing the data and deriving cogent interpretation of the research in an articulate and structured configuration. The data will be sourced from both materials and online secondary sources from well-known authors and publishers.

Quantitative data will be attained through a survey with a 5 point Likert scale from -2 to 2.The survey will be presented to Twitter users who will be selected at random N=200. Questions such as “How often did you the 2012 presidential candidate on twitter”, “How far did the presidential candidates’ twitter sentiments influence your voting decision” will be presented and the answer rated on a 5 points scale of “very often, fairly often, once in a while, very few times and never” or “very high, high, average, low, very low”.

The scale will be reversed across questions in the survey to ensure the participants pay attention to the questions. Statistical software and regression models will then be utilized to evaluate the correlation between voting decisions and use of twitter.

If the correlation is positive whereby the correlation coefficient between variables and either progression and alignment variables is between 0.1 and 1, then we will be able to deduce that twitter has a positive influence on these variables. If the correlation is negative, we can affirm that twitter has a negative or non-existent influence on political decisions.

Annotated Bibliography Giuliani, R 2007, Leadership, Miramax Books, Boston.

We will write a custom Proposal on The Influence of Twitter as a Social Perception Driver in the 2012 U.S. Presidential Election Campaigns specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This book evaluates the values of good and effective leadership and all the available tools to make a leader effective. The book provides essential material for this research that illustrates the use of social network in leadership.

Krugman, P 2009, The Conscience of a Liberal, W. W. Norton, New York.

Written from an economic perspective this book evaluates the development of American society in a historical context. This book will be essential to this research by providing an economic point of view through which political alignment and social perceptions can be analyzed.

Powell, C and Persico, J 2010, My American Journey, Random House Publishing Group, Washington D.C.

This biography examines a person’s own experience on penetration of social media tool into the political sphere. It offers empirical data on the progression of internet based campaigns. The author provides useful information on recent political strategies that utilize social media as a key campaign platform.

Ridout, N 2013, New Directions in Media and Politics, Routledge, New York.

This book evaluates the impact of social media on the political sphere. It evaluates the influence of demography on political agenda through the internet. In this text, it provides information on how media and politics interact and creating a starting point for the research.

Tocqueville, D 2000, Democracy in America, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Influence of Twitter as a Social Perception Driver in the 2012 U.S. Presidential Election Campaigns by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is a book that majors on praising the United States of America for the continued expansion of civil rights and democratic space. It is rated to be among the best books in U.S. and is useful to the research by offering insight into the expression of legal ideas through social media without fear of political ramifications.

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How the Way of Reading Books Changed due to Rapid Evolution of Technology Research Paper essay help: essay help

Technological evolution has led to the development of electronic sources that are about to replace hardcopy books. The discovery of tablets and e-readers has completely changed the way people read (Mayer 34). The use of reading devices such as iPads and computers has increasingly become very popular among readers and there are no signs of this changing in the near future.

Authors and publishers have been forced to adapt to the new development in order to guarantee their survival in the industry. The development of electronic sources such e-books, blogs, websites and e-journals provides readers with a very rich reading experience because of the interactive nature these kind of sources (Mayer 34).

Technology has transformed reading from just being a passive experience into a very interactive experience where the reader can watch and listen to content apart from reading. Technology has enhanced content by offering a variety of electronic sources (Nord 74). Electronic magazines and books have enhanced content compared to print sources. Technological advancement has a significant impact on reading practices and habits.

Many publishers have changed from the traditional printing of hardcopy books to the more efficient and stylish electronic formats such as e-books, e-journals and other digital publications (Nord 74). Technology has made it possible for book buyers to buy any book they want online without visiting a bookstore. This is a clear indication that many people are willing to embrace the use of technology when it comes to buying and reading books (Nord 74).

The fact that the most popular titles are found in their e-book format means that many readers will have to shift from the traditional hard copy format to the e-book format (Nord 112). Although print books still control almost 80 percent of the book market, the number of e-book sales keeps on growing every year. This is a clear indication that many readers are embracing the use of technology in reading.

Students claim that it is more convenient to use e-books while travelling compared to traditional books because they can easily access content from their digital devices such as laptops, mobile phones and iPads without moving around with large volumes of books (Nord 112).

E-readers allow the multi-tasking and converging of technology which enable the user to access a variety of applications that make the reading process very interactive (Nord 128). The introduction of digital reading has led to an increase in the number of readers because e-books and other online publications are cheap and more accessible (Liu 64).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The development of technological devices such as iPads and tablets will continue to increase the variety and number of e-readers (Liu 66). Technology has really enhanced the reading culture because many people can now access digital sources on their computers without going to the bookstore.

The iPad is a new revolution in the world of reading because of its numerous applications (Liu 79). Although an iPad has many uses, the device is in most cases used to read e-books. An iPad can be used to read content during official duties and even leisure time. The device can be used to read e-books and other online publications depending on the type of applications that that the user has (Liu 79).

The number of newspaper and magazine readers has increased because readers are only required to have a computer with internet connectivity to access magazines in their electronic format. The majority of newspaper and magazine publishers have online electronic versions meant to satisfy the needs of internet users. The reading culture has been changed in a great way because of the internet (Nord 137).

The internet revolution has changed the scope of reading sources and in the process making the reading experience to be more interesting.

The internet has got a variety of multimedia documents that include web pages, blogs, e-journals, websites and e-books which provide readers with a lot of options to choose from (Nord 137). The internet has emerged as major source of content in recent years that is attractive to the digital generation of readers. Readers are able to download a lot of information in electronic form for present and future use.

Internet surfing enables a reader to access interconnected information from different sources in one instance (Raven 122). The internet revolution has been of great benefit to students because they can access a variety of reading materials form different online sources. Research findings have shown that many students prefer doing their academic research using internet sources compared to print sources form bookstores.

Many young people have grown up in the digital environment and this has a very significant effect on their reading habits (Raven 122). Applications such as e-readers have led to selective reading where readers can move directly to their preferred content as opposed to extensive and in-depth reading associated with print sources. Internet sources enable readers to read in all directions because the arrangement of content is non-linear. This kind of arrangement makes reading to be very interesting, flexible and interactive (Raven 145).

We will write a custom Research Paper on How the Way of Reading Books Changed due to Rapid Evolution of Technology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The digital generation of readers can not read continuously for a very long time because of the type of devices they use (Raven 145). It is not easy to read for a prolonged period of time from an iPad or a computer screen because of visual fatique. Reading has become very superficial because readers using digital devices are always tempted to explore different topics in one instance.

The need to carry out extensive reading within the shortest time possible does not allow for an in-depth exploration of content (Richardson 106). Reader software enhancements have been developed to solve the problem of poor screen resolution which discourages many digital readers because of visual fatigue.

The advocates of digital reading are doing their level best to ensure that reading from the screen becomes very comfortable. The new reading software and devices have enhanced features such videos, animations and a variety of images that are meant to introduce fun in reading (Richardson 106).

Online reading materials affect the choice of content. Readers have a variety of information to choose from compared to hardcopy books. Readers no longer depend on print sources because they have access to both local and foreign content through the internet. Technological advancement has enabled users to develop an interest in reading news because of affordability and accessibility (Richardson 109). Sequential and continuous reading has significantly decreased as a result of digital reading that is very flexible.

In conclusion, the traditional reading culture has completely changed as a result of technological advancement. The internet revolution has had a significant impact on the reading practices of many readers (Nord 115). Digital reading has encouraged superficial and interactive reading.

In-depth reading is no longer possible because electronic sources provide very little room for that. Online readers can not concentrate for long periods of time because of the temptation to read a variety of sources. Online sources do not encourage sequential reading because of their non-linear arrangement.

General knowledge reading has increased in recent times due to internet surfing (Richardson 156). Digital devices such as iPads, mobile phones, computers and tablets have introduced convenience in reading because readers can access information in the comfort of their homes (Richardson 159). The majority of bookstores will soon close down because many readers prefer electronic sources.

Works Cited Liu, Ziming. Paper to Digital: Documents in the Information Age. London: ABC-CLIO, 2008. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How the Way of Reading Books Changed due to Rapid Evolution of Technology by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nord, David. The Enduring Book: Print Culture in Postwar America. New York: UNC Press Books, 2009. Print.

Raven, James. The Practice and Representation of Reading in England. London: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.

Richardson, Judy. Reading to Learn in the Content Areas. New York: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

Mayer, Richard. Handbook of Research on Learning and Instruction. New York: Taylor

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The Roots of Religious and Social Opposition between Catholicism and Pentecostalism Essay best college essay help

The question of opposition between religions is rather controversial because religions are based on the system of beliefs which are associated with the human spirituality, but not with any rationales and efforts to achieve the definite goal. In reality, religions in their association with such institutions as churches have more similarities with the market brands than with the aspects of the people’s spirituality.

From this point, modern churches compete within the market of the people’s beliefs, and this statement is not a metaphor because the victory in the competition guarantees the progress of the church not only in the religious sphere but also in the social and economic fields. Today, churches are closely connected with the social aspects of the people’s life within communities. As a result, it is possible to speak about ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ of the religious competition.

This idea is discussed in detail in the book The Churching of America, 1776-2005: Winners and Losers in Our Religious Economy written by Finke and Stark. According to the authors, traditional religions or mainline denominations lost their positions when upstart sects developed in the field as ‘winners’ (Finke

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Current Trends Affecting Marriage and Family Formation in Asia Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The average age at first marriage has been increasing in Asia over decades. Though this phenomenon is worldwide, it is more prominent in Asia. Related to timing of marriage is family structure. The outlook of Asian families has been changing alongside the timing of marriage. This paper will explore various trends that affect timing of marriage and structure of families.

Socio-economic variables like education and religion have important impact on the timing of marriage and timing of marriage (Quah 7). However, it is important to note that these factors are not universal across the continent. Asia is vast continent with various cultural and religious groups.

Education is by far the influential factor. Education influences marriage both directly and indirectly. Educated Asians tend to delay marriage regardless of gender. However, other gender related factors influence how people view marriage. Young people in Asia may decide to delay marriage in order to enjoy government subsidies.

Available resources are limited and people could wish to pursue education first before they settle down. In addition, many young people may find it hard to balance the demands of married life with those of studying. Young people find it easy delaying marriage up to a time in future when they have completed their education.

Educated women tend to delay marriage as compared to their less educated counterparts. This may be attributed to the fact that education enables women to break away from the traditional mindset. Traditionally, most cultures expected women to be married early to a man of her parents’ choice. Education has enabled both men and women to choose their own spouses based on personal values sand expectations.

Previously women were expected to perform domestic chores while men were expected to be the providers. This greatly restricted women’s access to formal employment. To overcome this challenge many women opted to delay marriage until such a time when they have established carriers. Others may opt not to get married at all. This is related to the fact that women are expected to take care of their families after work.

Education also provides economic empowerment to women. Women who are educated are more likely to have well paying jobs than women with little or no education at all. In most parts of Asia, women are increasingly being empowered through education. In some parts women literacy levels is almost equal to that of men. Since employed women can provide for themselves, economic gains previously attached to marriage have greatly disappeared.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Women are free to choose whether to and when get married. Therefore, economic empowerment is accompanied by freedom of choice. Economic outlook of individuals is a reflection of the overall economy of a country. In rich Asian countries like Japan and South Korea, women tend to delay marriage by a large margin as compared to their developing counterparts.

Education has also influenced the view on extended family. The extended family had profound influence on when a member of the family got married. Girls were married off early. On the flipside women’s education may affect men negatively. Less educated men may encounter difficulties in finding a mate.

Age at first marriage influences the number of children one is likely to get. Generally, people who get married late are likely to have few children (Jones 90. This is more applicable to women than men. This in turn affects the structure of the family. Focus has been shifting from how many children one has to the quality of life. People are likely to postpone marriage until when they are economically stable (Gubhaju 20). Single parent families have also become acceptable.

Economic difficulties also influence when people get married. Harsh economic realities have made many men to delay marriage (Bajracharya

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The Colonial War in Southwest Africa Essay (Critical Writing) custom essay help

The colonial war in Southwest Africa in 1904-1907 is the example of genocide against the Herero people realized by the German authorities and military within the territories of Southwest Africa. The Herero people rose up to bring down the suppressive order of the German rulers to become the independent nation in 1904.

The actions of the German authorities and military leaders as a reaction to the revolt were too radical and oriented to the mass destruction of the Herero people. This fact allows speaking about genocide against the African people based on the threat of losing power by the German leaders.

Furthermore, this situation became the first example of genocide at the beginning of the twentieth century. In the article “German Military Culture and the Colonial War in Southwest Africa, 1904-1907”, Isabel Hull states that the reaction of the German militaries to the revolt in Southwest Africa can be classified from the point of the destructive extremes, and the source of this reaction is in the German military culture, usage of typical military practices, focus on doctrines and order, and inability to adapt to the non-European methods of war.

From this point, genocide against the Herero people became the result of the focus of the German military leaders on destruction, pursuit, racism, and mass killing in order to confirm their state’s power.

Genocide can be discussed as one of the most controversial global problems which is based on the issues of people’s intolerance and racism in relation to some nations and ethnicities. The revolt of the Herero people against the German rule in Southwest Africa was the reasonable reaction of the people to the suppression of the colonialists.

However, the German leaders focused on the quick victory in order to overcome the revolt and accentuate the country’s power. To achieve the goal and to become winners in the war, the German military concentrated on the traditional or habitual methods of the fighting and warfare patterns typical for the Western world.

Nevertheless, the approaches of the African nations to fighting are rather different basing on their culture and society’s development (Walther, 2004). Focusing on the European patterns, the German military did not expect a lot of difficulties associated with developing the war at the African territories. As a result, the German soldiers were destabilised psychologically when the Herero people were in their comfortable environments.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From this point, it is possible to speak about the psychological effects of the risk to be defeated by the non-organized African people (Steinmetz, 2003). Thus, the focus of the German military on the policies of destruction can be considered as the extreme approach to state the power of the country’s with the effective military and organizational culture.

The conflict of two different cultures ended in the opposition of two military cultures which methods were aggressive and destructive. Therefore, ideologies, psychological factors, and social impacts are significant for forming the military culture of the country.

The quick victory became impossible for the German military that is why the course was changed to mass killing and pursuit. From the point of political concerns, mass killings of the Herero people and their pursuit were effective methods to stabilize the situation in the region and state the power of the country which can overcome any revolt. The main political idea of the war was the statement of German superiority.

Nevertheless, discussing the situation from the point of the historical development, it is necessary to pay attention to realizing the principle of achieving the definite goal “by all means” at the beginning of the twentieth century (Hull, 2011). Thus, the concentration on emphasizing the state’s power made the German military able to kill thousands of people without following the traditional principles of the war.

If the actions of the German army are the example of achieving the goal “by all means” from the point of military culture, the situation with the Herero people should be discussed as genocide from the sociological perspective. There are no political or military goals which can justify mass killings and racism realized in Southwest Africa in 1904-1907. The actions of the German military destroyed the life of the whole community because of the authorities’ fears to lose the power and status (Walther, 2004).

The colonial war in Southwest Africa in 1904-1907 can be discussed from many perspectives, including historical, psychological, sociological, and political ones. The role of the colonial war in Southwest Africa in history is significant because it is the vivid example of the country’s usage of all the means in realization the definite goals.

Losing its position at the stage of preparation for the war, the German military focused not only on overcoming the revolt but also on destructing the nation with the help of mass killings. Nevertheless, the end results of the war could be less dramatic. From this point, it is necessary to pay attention to the psychological discussion of the problem.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Colonial War in Southwest Africa specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The German leaders chose the extreme methods of warfare because of the fear to lose the status within the European colonial countries. The fear became the driving force for developing the war and realizing mass killings of the Herero people.

Being ready to sacrifice everything to emphasize the political power of the state, the Germans not only re-established the German authority in the region but also contributed to the development of one of the main social problems for all the historic periods. This problem is genocide based on racism.

According to Hull, the origins of the German authorities’ violence are in the vision of the Africans as inferior peoples and in the focus on the order and power (Hull, 2011).

The colonial war in Southwest Africa should be examined from the all the mentioned perspectives because of the role of the experience for the development of the global citizenship. There cannot be reasons for any extreme human destruction when the war leads to killing soldiers as well as civilians. Focusing on the aim to defeat the enemy completely, the German military pursued the goal to develop the war according to the standard procedures and principles.

Nevertheless, the plan did not work within the environments of the Southwest Africa because of the people’s specific identity, culture, values, and visions of the world (Steinmetz, 2008). Thus, it is possible to speak about the responsibility of the authorities for actions which can be threatening for the life of local communities.

The German leaders ruling the territories of the Southwest Africa failed in relation to their responsibility as local citizenship because they followed the principles of colonialism and mass destruction. As a result, not only the Herero people but also German settlers became the victims of the German soldiers’ inhuman actions.

However, the actions by the German military can be explained from the point of the military culture and social patterns typical for the German society. Thus, the German authorities used to win quickly because of their unique order, effective organizational structures, planned actions, and developed strategies.

Nevertheless, all these principles were ineffective to fight with the Herero people who did not follow any specific war principles (Steinmetz, 2008). The inability to adapt to the specific war environments made the German military focus on mass destruction without focusing on any principles in order to avoid the loss by any means.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Colonial War in Southwest Africa by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As a result, the decision-making process realized by the German militaries in relation to the Herero people is based on the differences in cultures. From the sociological perspective, the decision-making process regarding genocide actions was planned and used as the effective method to defeat the nation physically and psychologically.

The colonial war in Southwest Africa is the dramatic example of genocide against the nation because of discussing it as inferior and unable to build the independent state. The destructive actions and pursuits of the German military led to the catastrophic outcomes. Thus, genocide as one of the issues of global development was based on the elements of the German military culture, practices, and doctrines.

References Hull, I. (2011). German military culture and the colonial war in Southwest Africa, 1904-1907. In W. E. Lee (ed.), Warfare and Culture in World History (pp. 143-164). New York: New York University Press.

Steinmetz, G. (2003). “The Devil’s Handwriting”: Precolonial discourse, ethnographic acuity, and cross-identification in German colonialism. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 45(1), 41-95.

Steinmetz, G. (2008). The colonial state as a social field: Ethnographic capital and native policy in the German Overseas Empire before 1914. American Sociological Review, 73(4), 589-612.

Walther, D. (2004). Gender construction and settler colonialism in German Southwest Africa, 1894–1914. Historian, 66(1), 1-18.

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Political Consequences of Globalization Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Foundations of Globalization

Globalization and Politics

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction While there is little consensus on a precise definition, globalization usually refers to a multidimensional process whereby markets, firms, production, and national financial systems are integrated on a global scale (Brawley 2008, p. 12). This definition, however, emphasizes the economic aspects of globalization.

Globalization in other areas of life such as communication, has ramifications in non-economic too, as in cultural affairs, and these can have subsequent political consequences. According to Müller (2003, p. 7), globalization may be described as a new social architecture of cross border human interactions. It breaks down the old international division of labor and the associated hierarchy of rich and poor countries.

Through the process of globalization, the integrity of the national territorial state as a more or less coherent political economy is eroded, and the functions of the state become reorganized to adjust domestic economic and social policies to fit the exigencies of the global market and global capitalist accumulation.

Foundations of Globalization Although theoretical concepts offer useful insights and directions for inquiry, specific social arrangements are always historical. That is to say, in inquiring into the issues of that have been resolved in the building of globalization; it is important to remember that what exists today has emanated from previous experience.

Among the conditions that have supported the concept of globalization include power, institutions, authority, and democracy. As the fundamental concept of politics, power has been thought of in many ways. One prominent conceptualization stresses the domination of one person or entity over others, whereas another emphasizes the construction of power through interactive speech that leads to acting together.

A favorite of political scientists focuses on the specific acts by which one individual or group induces another to do things that the other would not otherwise do. In addition to power and identification of interests in a global context, different nations have desired to lead the way and gain the cooperation of other states through institutional arrangements that make the coordination of policies easier and steadier.

According to Prechel (2007, p. 35), institutionalization has followed a practical and quite diverse course. In the late nineteenth century, the United States helped to found the Pan American Union as a means of gaining the cooperation of western hemisphere states. At the same time, the United States retained its discretion to intervene in those same states when its interests led it to at unilaterally. Authority has also been considered a key pillar of globalization.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When power is exercised by some people over others in circumstances in which both sides agree that there is an obligation to obey, one party has a right to act with authority (Cohen 2001, p. 21). In states with established governments and ordered societies based on justice, authority tends to be recognized to such an extent that citizens obey laws even when they disagree with them, and violators of law recognize that they are doing wrong in the face of legitimate authority.

The basis upon which those running a political system claim authority to rule and those subject to it find an obligation to obey forms one important line of inquiry in political philosophy as well as an important practical issue for political leaders and followers. Finally, there is democracy. In an ideal democratic society, power rests with the people. As a result, governments are often pushed to act in a way that takes public interest into consideration.

Globalization and Politics The politics of globalization includes two dimensions. The first embodies the efficient distribution of power and the constraints imposed by existing arrangements. Ordinarily, these constraints flow from choices that have established and now manage existing structures and processes.

The second dimension embraces a more visionary quest for alternative arrangements in the future. As is true of all politics, both cooperation and struggle are involved, domination and resistance are evident, and contestation abounds. To a large extent, globalization is most commonly presented as an inexorable process that consists in bringing the world together through technology.

Although the fundamental processes bringing human beings into contact with one another have been at work for millennia, high-speed transport and especially the computer have speeded up the process in the last quarter-century or so (Lindquist

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Global Capital Markets in Crisis Case Study college application essay help: college application essay help

Since the beginning of the financial crisis, the big question is whether the crisis will ever reoccur. Many players in the financial sector fear that re-occurrence of the crisis is imminent given the fact that the full stability have not been achieved. In addition, weak growths in almost all sectors of the economy have been persistent particularly in the major economies (Kalter and Holland 145).

Moreover, unemployment rates have remained persistently high as investment banks and individuals continue to pay back the excessive debts they accumulated during the bubble years. The result is stifled investments, slowed economic growth that in turn negatively affects the rate of employment (Kalter and Holland 146).

The problem has been exacerbated by lack of international co-operation on ways through which the crisis can be brought to an end. More worse is the high possibility of the global economic recession because of the US economic slow growth and the divisions in the euro zone. The major European economies require political determination to enforce international co-operation required to prevent breakdown of the euro as a single currency (Eichengreen 16).

In addition, major economies such as US and the euro zone are reluctant to co-operate with emerging economies such as China, which are still immune to the global financial crisis and can inject more capital flows into the global capital markets.

Moreover, countries are planning for short-term measures such as austerity measures rather than long-term policies that can finally end the crisis. The reluctance by countries to borrow for fiscal stimulus packages offered by major investment banks deepens the possibility for the re-occurrence of the crisis (Kalter and Holland 147).

The deregulations in the capital markets can still lead to the re-occurrence of the crisis. The regulatory measures that have been put in place are short-term while long-term measures and policies have not been formulated. In addition, many countries are still indifferent on whether to apply regulatory measures that can avert the crisis in the end or to live the whole problem to the market forces, which have failed in the past (Kregel 5). Given these failures, the likelihood of the re-occurrence of the crisis is high.

The re-regulations of the capital markets Though the capital markets crisis was blamed on longer periods of deregulations, the debate whether the re-regulations should be imposed still rages on. The fact is that there were regulations that governed the capital markets institutions that brought about the crisis.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The problem was poor implementation of the regulatory measures and the non-compliant of the regulatory measures by the capital markets institutions (Watt and Botsch 1007). Financial history indicates that there are greater gains when the financial markets are deregulated. Therefore, the gains of deregulations cannot easily be devalued.

However, following the crisis, there have been calls by the public and the players to develop and better implement the regulations that were put in place. Nevertheless, there have been problems with the re-regulations. The first problem is the where to re-regulate. The second issue is how to effect re-regulations and finally how to deal with effects of restrictive regulations.

With these complexities and the failure of the complicated and elaborative measures, regulatory institutions have been pondering over the best policy or regulatory measures to adopt (Eichengreen 17). Whether to go back to the old gold standards or to continue with the complex and elaborative measures such as that of Basel II or to innovate simple measures.

The old gold standards have already been taken over by events and the Basel II is too restrictive and costly (Eichengreen 17). The only option is to adopt simplistic measures that minimize the lines of businesses that investment banks can engage in and the types of assets in which they can invest.

Moreover, investment banks are required to balance the ratio of their assets to their capital or this ratio should not exceed the required number the regulators feel could not affect the banks liquidity. In addition, the investment banks should implement short-term liquidity measures to stabilize the asset values (Kregel 6).

All these measures are regulatory though not stringent as was before. In essence re-regulations are necessary, however, in a more flexible and innovative way. In other words, capital markets institutions must comply with the regulatory measures and appropriate policies that have been put in place in order to avert further crisis (Eichengreen 17).

The future of Eurocurrency and Eurobonds The Eurocurrency has expanded enormously in the past two decades because of many factors. The growth was due to the belief that the currencies can earn more interest in other countries as opposed to being deposited in the domestic banks.

We will write a custom Case Study on Global Capital Markets in Crisis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the US regulations policy that discouraged lending to the non-US nationals encourage investors to borrow outside the US thus enhancing the growth of Eurodollars market (Watt and Botsch 1014). Another factor is the oil crises in the 1970s that led to the increase of dollars within the London banks enabling the Eurodollar market to expand considerably.

Due to its un-regulatory operations by any governments, the Eurocurrency market has remained attractive to many investors as banks can charge higher interest rates on deposits of the Eurocurrency compared to home currency and lower interest rates to any borrowers of the Eurocurrency as compared to the home currency. Further, the interest rate spread between the Eurocurrency deposits and lending is less as compare to that of domestic lending and deposit rates. As a result, the Eurocurrency banks become more competitive over the domestic banks (Watt and Botsch 1005).

Eurobond market also lacks regulatory interference thereby reducing the cost of issuing the bonds. In addition, Eurobond markets have less disclosure requirements saving the cost and time as compared to the domestic bond markets (Watt and Botsch 1007). Eurobonds can be sold directly to the investors making the bond to become more favorable from the perspective of taxes. These attributes have made the Eurobond market becomes more attractive hence its rapid expansion in the last two decades.

However, this rapid growth in the Eurocurrency and the Eurobonds markets will be hampered by many factors majorly the continued global uncertainty within the capital markets. The uncertainty increases risk of depositors losing funds as banks continue to take measures to prevent collapse or failure in case of a crisis (Watt and Botsch 1007).

Though the risk can be reduced by lower returns on the domestic deposits, the domestic banks are also faced with the similar situation. The current global financial uncertainty has double effect on the Eurocurrency and the Eurobonds markets.

In addition, hedging companies can go under due to the global financial uncertainty exposing borrowing companies to foreign exchange risks. In essence, the crises in the capital markets have heightened sensitivity to corporate exposure and probable international volatility (Watt and Botsch 1007).

Works Cited Eichengreen, Barry. “Overcoming the Crisis: Financial Re-regulations.” Economic Development Quarterly 14.1 (2011): 15–35. Print.

Kalter, Elio and Allison Holland. “The Global Financial Crisis: Implications for Emerging Capital Markets.” Journal of International Business Studies 18.2 (2008): 145-175. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Global Capital Markets in Crisis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kregel, Jan. “Is Regulations of the Financial System an Oxymoron?” Management International Review 33.4 (2009): 5-13. Print.

Watt, Andrew and Andreas Botsch. “After the Crisis: Towards a Sustainable Growth Model.” Economic Journal 39.11 (2010): 1005-1016. Print.

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Risk Management in the Health Sector Research Paper essay help free

All organizations aim at making profits in the long run. In this regard, efforts are always directed towards the activities that can not only increase income to the organization, but also activities that reduce expenses. However, in doing this the organization comes across various risks that might be detrimental if they are not properly addressed. It is important to note that health organizations are not special as far as risks are concerned.

They are faced with a variety of risks that can negatively impact the organization or its clients. Therefore, health organizations have to choose the risks that they have to take in their endeavors to earn income. More importantly, the organizations need to implement mechanisms that will help in risk avoidance or control. As a result, risk management is an integral part in health care organizations throughout the process of health delivery.

Arguably, the change in technology that has led to changes in the way health services are offered has greatly influenced the risks that health organizations face. It is becoming increasingly difficult to predict the costs that organizations will have to incur whenever they are offering health services because of the increasing number of services that are offered as well as the number of people covered.

On the same note, there has been increase in health care service providers in recent times. This increase in competition within the health care sector has also increased the effects of risks while reducing income margins (Dyro, 2004). Health organizations have to make the decision of either avoiding risks which means reducing their profit margins or taking some risks and increase their chances of making high profits.

The emergence of electronic medical and health records also poses a new challenge to health organizations. Health organizations have to find a way of securing confidentiality of their patient’s health information while at the same time making it available to other authorized parties. It is important to note that electronic health records are susceptible to cyber criminals.

Furthermore, it is important to ensure that patients and employees are safe throughout that process of health services delivery. Unfortunately, health mistakes occur more so due to the improved technology that is currently used in health delivery. Challenges are being witnessed in the efforts of health organization to reduce medical mistakes.

Notably, the health sector is becoming even more fragmented as time goes by. This is in itself a problem because getting other services or information from other professionals is a challenge. Nonetheless, sharing of information is vital in enhancing health care quality. On the same note, policies have been implemented which define certain offences of health care organizations and define the civil and criminal penalties of each activity (Kavaler, 2012).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, not all organizational employees know which activities can be classified as civil or criminal offences. Similarly, health professionals are very scarce and shortage of staff is the order of the day for health organizations yet they are expected to provide services according to the health reforms.

Moreover, operational efficiency has to be ensured yet the organizations are increasing in size. The increasing threats of terrorism as well as the probability of medical malpractice have to be taken into consideration. In a nut shell, the high rate risk dynamism is a risk in itself.

Some people will ask why risk management is such an important issue in health organizations. To begin with, technology has advanced and many people are becoming technologically advanced (Youngberg, 2010). As a result, patient information especially the ones stored electronically can easily find their way to unauthorized hands if care is not taken. Cyber criminals are increasing their activities of hacking into various organizational systems and disrupting important functioning of these organizations.

It is therefore crucial to have information systems security upgraded to avert any such attempt. On the same note, financial crisis has hit various health organizations in recent times. While the health care industry was assumed to be shielded from financial crises by the nature of its formation, increase in the health care cover has opened it to any kind of economic downturns. As a result, it has become important to have financial risks also included in the risk management process (Kavaler

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Scientific Approach of Collecting Biological Evidence in Criminal Investigation Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Forensic science is one of the accurate methods of collecting and analyzing evidence from a scene of a crime. Since courts require substantial evidence, investigators ought to use the most accurate forensic equipments and to follow all the necessary steps. Investigators use different approaches to collect biological evidence at the scene of a crime.

Chisum and Turvey posit, “All biological evidence is subject to deterioration and requires a lot of care” (2000, p. 23). Investigators may collect a number of biological evidence ranging from blood, hair, seminal fluid, to bones and organs. In case the investigators collect blood sample as their evidence, they do it using two five-milliliter tubes. Saferstein alleges, “The blood should be collected in vacutainers with Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) as anti coagulant” (2000, p. 45).

On the other hand, if researchers are to collect a blood sample from a postmortem subject, they ought to “get it from the non-body cavity areas such as heart or chief internal blood vessels” (Saferstein, 2000, p. 46). For easy identification, researchers need to label all blood samples accordingly.

In case the researchers wish to collect liquid semen as their evidence, they use disposable pipettes or clean syringes to put it into disinfected tubes. Otherwise, they may use cotton wool to collect the liquid semen. They can use the cotton wool to absorb the semen, air-dry the content, and utilize it in forensic investigations.

In many cases, scientists use swabs to collect trace samples (Chisum

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Democratic Racism in Canada Essay online essay help: online essay help

Despite historical and modern displays of racism as an intractable and pervasive reality in Canadian society, the overt denial of racism is delusionary because it allows Canadian to neglect the abhorrent reality in which a community is divided into white, privileged population and ethnical minorities. Indeed, the country ignores its rich historical background in which a rigid confrontation between the representative of the First Nations people and non-native population was presented.

The Canadian residents and institutions function on the basis of collective denial of the existing racial confrontation, which admits the presence of democratic racism. Canadians have forgotten their racial issues, including laws, practices, and policies that previously shaped their political, social, cultural, and economic institutions for more than three centuries.

The phenomenon of democratic racism will be analyzed through two lenses of social institutions – justice system and police to define how policy respond to the concerns of Aboriginal population and what role individual’s racial identity plays in their actions.

In fact, police officers are law enforcers that should develop an objective, unbiased attitude to all groups residing in Canada, irrespective of their racial affiliation. Nevertheless, racialized practices and beliefs are often implicit to everyone, except to those individuals who face them. The situation appeals to the importance of the dominance of white population, which does not only premise on race, but also on the construction of social identity.

However, victim’s testimonies and unrecognized experiences are still on the current agenda. Recently, a plethora of documentary films has been launched to discover the evidence of inappropriate treatment and give the experiences of the Aboriginal population to publicity. Specifically, the documentary Two World Colliding, centers on the story of Darrel Night, an Aboriginal man, who faced cruelties on the part of the police officers.

The representatives of the police department dumped the man in the outskirts of Saskatoon in January 2000, when the temperature reached 20 º C below zero. However, Mr. Night managed to survive and testify to the cruelties he had to experience. Moreover, the victim was shocked to find out that his case was not unique and there were many other Native people who had been frozen in the barren fields.

In response to unequal treatment, the Aboriginal community decided to resist to a police force and make it be responsible for the deaths of Native Canadian population. Despite the fact that the police officers were accused of improper treatment of Mr. Night, the court found them not guilty. They spent eight months in provincial correctional centre. So, the justice system failed to acknowledge the fact of racism, and therefore, this case is underestimated and biased because of unequal treatment and negligence on the part of official justice bodies.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A significant change in ideology dates back to 90s of the past century, the time when the Canadian government introduced its anti-racism reforms and encouraged funding programs. Apparently, the electing a neoconservative government was considered the most tangible change that occurred in Ontario.

The government was headed by Mike Harris who put an end to racial resistance. These initiatives were spread among other governments, but racial inequality and improper treatment of Aboriginal people is still on the rise in Canada. Biased and prejudiced assumptions are displayed and are apparent, both in the classroom and in the workplace, as it is presented in the film Race is Four Letter Word directed by Sobaz Benjamin.

Specifically, the movie focuses on the skin color as the apparent feature that allow the white population to divide the Canadian community into privileged and inferior strata. The director also highlights conflict and controversies around race by exploring his personal experience as well.

Benjamin steps away from the disguised nature of racial policies in Canada concerning whiteness and blackness and reveals the actual attitude of white people to minorities in cultural and psychological terms. Specifically, the author makes the point about the fact that white people take their identity for granted to dominate over the black community. As a result, such an attitude enhances social racism.

There are many other concerns with the concept of social identity in Canadian society that is specifically connected with the concept of whiteness. At this point, the analysis of the connection between racial issues and the white population is presented to discuss whiteness as an advantage over racial groups.

The patterns of attitudes and immigration policies toward the Canadian minority communities across the country are still predetermined by racial discrimination, leading to unequal treatment of certain groups, including Indigenous and black peoples (Justice System/Policing 2).

In the presentation, it is argued that the justice system fails to provide equal and fair treatment of the Native population because Eurocentric restrictions hamper the delivery of appropriate and acceptable services by health care agencies (Seline 2). As a proof, the movie The Mishuau Innu: Surviving Canada written and directed by Ed Martin provides evidence for extremely low living standards among the Indian population in Canada.

We will write a custom Essay on Democratic Racism in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The legislature policies reinforce neoliberal practices that put the welfare of racial groups under the threat. Overt discrimination of the Native population is not recognized by the Canadian government, although there are numerous cases of inappropriate consideration of the problems that occurred to the representatives of the minority population.

Although the country is considered as one of the most developed economies in the world, many representatives of indigenous people suffer from social exclusion. However, this inferiority exercised by the white population is denied due to the existence of social democracy.

Widespread resistance to anti-racism policies are presented at various levels, including individuals, communities, organizations, and systems. At the governmental level, the failure to introduce substantive policy against racism leads to even more challenging situation. Multicultural dimensions of legislative policies create a solid framework for consideration racial and cultural diversity and developing a new set of regulation for Canadian community, regardless racial and national affiliation.

Nevertheless, although multicultural awareness refers to the pluralistic nature of the community, there is explicit ambivalence about acknowledgement of other cultures to sustain unique identities and insure the equality of rights among all members of Canadian society.

Although the Canadian government recognizes the problem of racism, the reforms failed to progress because stereotypical beliefs remain unchanged (Justice System/Policing 3). In film project Miss Canadiana by Camille Turner, the focus is made on the Canadian outlook on democratic racism that overtly denies the presence of stereotypes and prejudices.

In conclusion, racism in Canada can be considered as the driving force of misconceptions and conflicts between the Native and Non-native population. It emphasizes the challenges that society faces while espousing such principles as social harmony, equality, tolerance, and respect for human rights.

At the same time, the Canadian community is reluctant to recognize racial prejudice and discrimination, which leads to a failure to develop the corresponding policies. Canadians are deeply committed to the policies and provisions regarding democratic society. However, the democratic principles contradict the recognition of physical differences as the basis for valuing individual rights.

More importantly, those people who face unequal treatment hold responsibility for the existence of racism in society. The controversies between collective and democratic racism shape the underpinning for Canadian racial heritage and, these issues should be considered in terms of the evidence of various forms of resistance to anti-racial policies.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Democratic Racism in Canada by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Justice System/Policing. Presentation. n. d. pp. 1-6. Miss Canadiana. Ex. Prod. Camille Turner. Canada: Toronto Film Festival. 2012.

Race is Four Letter Word Ex. Prod. Sobaz Benjamin. Canada: National Film Board of Canada. 2006. DVD.

Seline. Presentation. Section Three. n. d. The Mushuau Innu: Surviving Canada. Ex. Prod. Ed Martin. Canada: Best Boy Productions. 2004. DVD.

Two Words Colliding. Ex. Prod. Tasha Habbard, Canada: National Film Board of Canada. 2005. DVD.

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The Age of Hyperspecialization Report college essay help near me

In their article, Thomas Malone, Robert Laubacher and Tammy Johns discuss such a concept as hyperspecialization. This term can be defined as breaking or decomposing the work that is usually performed by a single person into separate elements or pieces. Moreover, these pieces should be done by two or more people.

The authors believe that this approach can greatly increase the performance of many businesses. In my opinion, this question is very important nowadays when business administrators try to find ways of raising the productivity of their firms, especially manufacturers. Moreover, this question can have significant implications for employees who want to find work that suits their interests or expertise.

The discussion presented by the scholars is based on the model of comparative advantage that originates from the ideas of Adam Smith. This theoretical model implies that individuals and groups are more likely to succeed, if they are engaged in the activities in which they are most skilled.

Furthermore, the authors rely on such a concept as the division of labor which means that by dividing the manufacturing process into several short tasks that should be completed by several workers. From their standpoint, the principles of labor division can be applied to many modern companies in which employees do not have an opportunity to display their expertise. These are the main arguments that the scholars put forward and they should not be neglected by managers and executives.

One should take into consideration that the authors of this article do not claim that their idea of hyperspecialization is entirely innovative. As it has been said before, they recognize the influence of Adam Smith on their discussion. Nevertheless, they want to show that many firms can benefit from hyperspecialization.

This issue is particularly relevant at the time when information technologies have become extremely sophisticated. Business administrators can do it by enabling workers to do the jobs that they can do best. They justify their recommendation by investigating the use of this method by different firms.

The authors rely mostly on the qualitative information collected from several companies. Their research technique can be described as a case study. The scholars paid close attention to the opinions of managers who applied the principles of hyperspecialization. Furthermore, they examined the views of clients who used the services of companies in which the principles of hyperspecialization were fully implemented. This approach enabled them to look at this issue from different perspectives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One should keep in mind that the researchers did not carry out statistical tests which could confirm the relationship between the productivity of a firm and the manufacturing technique that this organization adopted. Moreover, their sample of companies was very limited. This is the main limitation of this research article. Certainly, this drawback does not completely undermine the arguments of the authors. However, it indicates that the findings of these scholars cannot be generalized.

On the whole, the findings presented in the article suggest that hyperspecialization can improve the operational efficiency of businesses because it enables people to focus on those tasks in which they are most competent.

Nevertheless, the scholars acknowledge the drawbacks of this strategy since it can result in the lack of coordination, disappearance of many jobs, and increased supervision of workers. Nevertheless, despite these risks, hyperspecialization can be viewed as one of the techniques that can increase the productivity of many companies.

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Definition of Sustainability and Its Underpinnings in Tourism Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Tourism and Sustainability: Defining the Concept

Sustainability in Tourism: Theories and Implications

Measuring Sustainability in Tourism

Sustainability in Tourism: Application

Conclusion

References

Introduction Sustainability has become a buzzword in contemporary tourism research and practice. Thousands of businesses claim themselves to be sustainable, because they provide their services without damaging the environment. More often than not, sustainability is understood in the context of environmental protection and community development.

Sustainable tourism is expected to be able to balance its profitability concerns with the needs of communities. Apparently, the tools and resources used to promote sustainable tourism differ considerably across communities and settings.

This paper is a review of the current theoretical and empirical literature related to the topic of sustainable tourism. The main themes to be discussed in this review include: definition of sustainability and its theoretical underpinnings, the problems of measuring sustainability and tourism, as well as the case studies of sustainable tourism presented in literature.

Tourism and Sustainability: Defining the Concept Sustainability is a common topic in contemporary literature. However, its meaning is often taken for granted. Few, if any, researchers discussed the concept of sustainability in detail. Of all articles retrieved in this literature search, only Lansing and De Vries (2007) decided to review the meaning of the sustainability concept, as applied in tourism.

According to Lansing and De Vries (2007), the concept of sustainability in tourism has numerous categorisations and definitions, and this is also why the debate over sustainable tourism remains so fragmented and confusing. Saarinen (2006) supports this view and suggests that the concept of sustainable tourism continues to interest and irritate researchers. Lansing and De Vries (2007) take the definition of the World Tourism Organisation (WTO) as the starting point for their analysis.

This is also the definition, which is to be used in this review of literature: “sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long-term sustainability” (Lansing

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Nana Children’s Home Essay best essay help

Introduction Organization Description

Nana children home is a non-profit organization with a goal to provide for needy children. They offer God’s love and heal children for the sake of their security, safety and life. The incorporated children in this organization are needy, abused or neglected before the age of eighteen years.

The organization is located at Malabar in Florida. It relies on worldwide well wishers for provision to the children. Consequently, they have extended their reach among the continents including Australia. It relies on various advertisement strategies that facilitate their effect to most countries. Its funds arise from fundraising (40%), businesses/individuals (35%) and churches (25%) (Nana House 2007).

Advertisements

The systems applied by Nana Children’s Home management have been advanced by technology. They are able to reach their donors through websites, social media, newsletters, inquiries, public meeting, television and radio. These factors have facilitated the development of the organization into achieving the goals.

Social media, such as Facebook and Twitter, have managed to create a network that allows contribution from potential donors. Apparently, they have made the system easier to manage and reach many people simultaneously than in the previous times. The trend of advertisement applies high effort behaviour by applying various advertisement strategies.

In fact, if they do not reach their donors, it is probable to close the organization due to lack of funds. Therefore, they spread their operations and request for funding through high effort advertisements. The main issues of advertisement involve funding, parent responsibility to children, seminars and fundraising events.

Their advertisement websites have options for online donations that facilitate worldwide reach. This website has been advertised to other websites for connection purposes. Apart from the social media, the website has integrated with other websites that fight children abuse and neglect. Events are held to talk about and discourage communities from some issues. For instance, on 2nd and 3rd April 2013, the organisation arranged an occasion to pronounce their urge on child abuse prevention.

Analysis Exposure to the Advertisement

There are multidimensional strategies of exposure. The technological methods allow more exposures to many people than the traditional media strategies (Sandhusen 2000). Social sites have made a divergent and explicit interaction with people. Therefore, people are able to get advertisements and information easily.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This may happen through sharing of the website with friends and other people. Another way of exposure is through contextual internet searching. The organization has a formal website with all condition fulfilled. Therefore, the search engines, such as Google and Yahoo, could retrieve the websites when a person is searching. Media advertisement allows people to receive information through hearing on televisions and radios. It is a way that a person could be exposed to the information.

The website has a connection with many other childcare websites and donors’ websites that enhance the chances of encounter. Information moves within and around a targeted community through contact. This could be facilitated when people are talking about this organisation.

Calling is another way that information moves from one person to another and in a wide area. For instance, calls could move information from one person enlightened about the children’s home and reached a person without this knowledge. Consequently, it can be seen clearly that there are reliable methods of spreading information.

Theory of Attraction

It is apparent that a person cannot stay with people s/he does not like or adore (Morrison, 2002). The theory of attraction postulated that people pay attention to those who make them happy (Canham 2005). Otherwise, the theory suggested that people are happy when they are around other individuals who remind them about people they love (Pride

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