The Handmaid’s Tale Essay Essay Help Site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

The oppression






Works Cited

Introduction The handmaid’s tale is a dystopia that builds upon the dystopian imagery of feminist texts from 1970s. Atwood’s novel was written in direct reaction to the growing political power of the American religious right in the 1980s (Atwood). It projects a nightmare future in which rightwing religious extremists have established control of the government of what was once the United States but has now been transformed into the theocratic Republic of Gilead.

The thesis of this paper is based on three aspects. First is the imposition that women who have virtually no rights and are treated essentially as chattels. The second thesis is based on the role of religion in the society. Religion in Gilead is the similar to that of the current American society especially, the aspect of ambiguity which has been predominant with regard to the rightful application of religious beliefs and principles.

Lastly, language is a powerful tool with regard to formulating of ideologies and addressing issues. This book captures the implications of language with regard to addressing the pitfalls that face the people of Gilead. Similarly, this is the case with the American society where language has been used as an avenue to woo voters and address social issues.

Yet the brutal treatment of women in Gilead, however extreme, clearly serves as an extrapolation of patriarchal conditions that have long prevailed in uptown world and that many say as worsening during the Reagan administration of the 1980s – and that many have seen as worsening again during the Bush administration of the early twenty first century.

The oppression The Handmaid’s Tale is presented as the secret journal of Offred, beginning with her training for a life of sexual servitude as a “handmaid” in the republic of Gilead. Handmaid, we learn, are assigned to important men in Gilead whose wives have proved unable to bear children, so that those men might still have an opportunity to procreate (Wisker).

Procreation is, in fact, highly problematic in this society, where deteriorating environmental conditions have rendered most women sterile. Most men may be sterile as well, though in Gilead male infertility is officially non – existent, and the infertility of a couple is always attributed to the woman. The officials of Gilead have declared artificial insemination or any other technological intervention in the process of fertilization to be unnatural.

As a result, the handmaids are to be impregnated by ordinary sexual intercourse, though this intercourse occurs as part of a highly ritualized ceremony that is anything but natural: the wife looks on while the husband and handmaid have sex in a manner designed to remove all semblance of sexual pleasure, at least for the handmaid, though one suspects that the husband may take a preserve delight in imposing his power on a subjugated woman (Wisker).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Religion In this book, religion is used as an aspect which is to enhance the fear of God. This is owing to the fact that when one goes against God, there is the likelihood of punishment. This gives a reflection of how things are in the current society.

The fear of God has been used to discourage people off the perceived evils which are going on in the society. Some of the illustrations in this book have been borrowed from the book of Genesis, for instance, the case where Rachael insists that her husband Jacob sleeps with the handmaid to conceive. This is a major biblical theme which is pronounced in this book.

Essentially, Atwood depicts how ambiguous the fundamentalists are using the bible to describe or to discuss the social on goings within Gilead. As the case is, currently, we are living in a society where there is a lot of ambiguity with regard to religion. People are using biblical explanations to justify their life styles in an age where there are no clear cut boundaries about what ought to be followed and what ought not to be.

There is an aura of hypocrisy which has bedeviled the society then as it is the case in the current society. This has been illustrated in the case where women’s role is defined as child bearing, as described in Atwood’s book, “Adam was not deceived, but the women being deceived was in transgression ” (Chapter 34, pp 221).

Language In Atwood’s dystopian Handmaid’s Tale, the power of language is equally evident. Women in the republic of Gilead are not permitted to read. (Judd, one of the architects of the Republic, is credited with saying, “Our big mistake was teaching them to read. We won’t do that again” [p. 307]).

The shops are known by their pictorial signs alone, women are expected to keep silent or to utter only approved phrases, and playing scrabble with a woman is indecent. Yet the rebels use a system of manual signs, a silent language to communicate. And the Handmaid finds her closet message in Latin scratched there by the previous, now dead, Handmaid.

This brings to the core the power of using language to shape ideologies. Essentially, the current American society has grappled with this concept.

We will write a custom Essay on The handmaid’s tale specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Individual women, whether they are struggling with discrimination in the workplace, abuse in the home, everyday sexual harassment, the aftereffect of rape, or any of the other isolating conditions so common in patriarchy, can begin to reduce their resulting Societal Stockholm Syndrome by claiming language as their own.

This book indicates the subversive potential of language, not only reminding us how language has been and is used to alienate women from our experience but also inviting us to consider the everyday audacity of private and public language use as a form of mental liberation.

Sexuality Atwood focuses on women and sexuality as principal targets of the religious totarianism of the Republic of Gilead. In this Christian theocracy, marriage is promoted as a social goal, though it is only available to those who have reached a certain social status. Indeed, wives, while they enjoy higher status than handmaids, are literally “issued” to successful males as rewards for loyal service to the community.

In addition, women in this society exist not as individuals but as members of well defined groups, corresponding almost to brand names (Wisker). Among the upper classes, women function principally either as wives (who serve as domestic managers), domestic servants or handmaids. In the lower classes, however, “Econowives” have to play all of these roles.

There are also “Aunts” who serve to train and discipline the handmaid and “Jezebels” who are officially though covertly, sanctioned prostitutes used to service foreign dignitaries and important government officials. Women who cannot or will not play one of these roles are labeled “Unwomen” and are exiled to the “colonies,” where they are used for hazardous duties like cleaning up toxic waste, much of the American landscape having been polluted to the point of being inhabitable.

Summary It is worth noting that in this novel, we have a woman protagonist, Offred, with whom we sympathize, as readers, and who invites us to share her perceptions of events and disempowerment in Gilead, a republic controlled entirely by male power or patriarchy and based on the value of reproductive capability. Essentially, women are initially of high value but refused the opportunity to read and make their own decisions, make choices of how to live and who live with and are unable to own their own possessions and move.

This novel has clearly brought out issues which deal with representation of women’s roles, constraints, gender, sexuality and power, the management and control of reproductive rights, feminist themes, issues and reading practices (Wisker). In literary terms, it is also interesting to consider how and if women might write differently from men, other than treating different issues or similar issues differently and this leads us to thinking about the use of language and imagery.

The outlook for women in this possible future which has been offered in this book is indeed miserable, reduced to bodily functions and roles of handmaids, wives, or housemaids doing chores in the formal household system, or in the proletariat outside, as econowives.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The handmaid’s tale by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this critique of reproductive technologies and a dehumanizing control over women’s power and individuality Atwood imagines a future which has reversed all the equalities and achievements of the twentieth century. These include the achievements of the suffrage movement. Women in the novel are reduced to back to being owned by men rather than being able to own property, their own bodies and futures. In chapter 28 the turning point is seen.

This is a powerful moment and a shocking chapter. Offred and her husband Luke, along with their daughter, are living an ordinary life when, in the course of the week the president is shot, the constitution revoked, and armed bodies of Special Forces – troops of some sort – patrol the streets and control everyone’s actions. This position in the future is contrasted with the moments of equality, hard earned in the 1980s, and the beliefs, actions and visions of feminists in that period.

Conclusion In conclusion, reading the novel in the twenty first century we can have a more distanced perspective on the views of 1980s feminism, on the kind of outcomes they would never have sought, and on the ways in which (while they have many rights in the western and parts of the Eastern world) they are frequently reduced to state disempowerment under extreme or fundamentalist regimes.

Works Cited Atwood, Margaret. The handmaid’s tale. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1986. Print. Wisker, Gina. Atwood’s the Handmaid’s Tale. Chennai: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2010. Print.


The Political Landscape of America Essay online essay help: online essay help

Introduction This work is an analytical essay which discusses the three essays 24-1, 24-3 and 24-5. These are political essays about the political landscape of America in light of certain policies and practices favored by the incumbent president. In an analysis of these essays which are essentially critiques of the political systems, the author will paint their discourses in light of the sociopolitical environments in which they occurred.

In document 24-1, Franklin Roosevelt offered a thought dissenting from the mainstream idea that the government ought to offer solutions to the problems of the citizens. His school of thought was that instead of the people asking what the government had in store for them, they had better ask in what ways they should serve the government and effect change. Was it a good idea? For two reasons, in my view, the idea fit into the prevalent economic environment of the time.

To begin with, the country was recovering from the great depression and so it was important to awaken the citizens and challenge them to be able to work hard for the improvement of their country. Secondly, the fact that the country needed a jolt on the verge of the unwelcome political situation at the moment necessitated calling into action for people to help grow the economy of the country.

But in a way, it can also be argued that the promises offered by Roosevelt were pushed overboard by him. It could be true that he offered the promise of hope to the millions of Americans who wanted to see change in the face of oblivion in their country, but this offer of change came along with certain frustrations to the ordinary citizens.

The citizens started to cry foul of his economic policy which favored the wealthy at the expense of the masses, and which created huge socio-economic disparities in the economy of America. Corruption was also averse.

In document 24-3, the Huey Long describes the school of thought calling for the redistribution of wealth. The fact that the country at the time suffered deeply from the inequitable distribution of wealth informed his convictions. In an economy where there are very wide disparities in the ownership of wealth, those who find themselves on the lower socio-economic echelons bear the greatest brunt of this unethical social trend.

To this end, it can be understood that Huey Long’s frustrations with the status quo were authentic. Issues such as corruption took very deep roots in the in the country and painted a picture which was a far cry from the expectations of transparency and fairness in the governance of the country.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In document 24-5, the argument by the conservative Minnie Hardin was in effect good because it thrived by the economic situation at the time. It was offered at a time when the economy was flailing and people generally became impatient with the approach of Roosevelt to the economic recovery and growth.

The fact that Hardin criticized Roosevelt approaches giving reference to the people like Karl Marx and British professors may have been appropriate in discrediting the application of foreign ideologies in solving local problems, but it is important to welcome policies which are friendly to the forward development of the country no matter the origin.

Works Cited Johnson, Michael P. Reading the American Past, Volume II: From 1865: Selected Historical Document (4th Ed.) Print.


Analysis of the three Documents Essay college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Analysis of the three Documents


Works Cited

Introduction This paper analyses three documents namely 24- 1, 24-3 and 24- 5. The first (24-1) document dates back to the time of massive depression as Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed an activist government. The second document (24- 3) refers to a speech given to by Huey Long that proposed redistribution of wealth as a way of curbing the issues of poverty and suffering that had affected the American people. Huey made this proposal to offer other measures that he felt would help in meeting those needs that could not be met by the New Deal reforms.

The third document namely 24- 5 refers to issues, expressed by the former president, Hoover, who backed up the conservatives in criticizing the New Deal. In the same topic, there is a letter written by one taxpayer, Minnie A. Hardin, who sent the letter to Eleanor Roosevelt. After a critical reading and analysis of the document, the following points have been portrayed in the three documents.

Analysis of the three Documents The first document shows how the industrial age affected the issue of Equal Opportunity for all. Before the industrialization started, most people dwelt on their lands and farms since urbanization had not come up yet. The American people concentrated on farming and getting their daily bread. Industrialization caused so many developments of industries in various areas of America.

During the industrialization era, people got jobs to work in the industries, and there was an equal opportunity for all. However, some years after industrialization, the need ceased from building more industries to getting an enlightened administration to support even the small business people.

In addition, the document explains a role of the government in the issue of equal opportunity for all. During the industrialization age, the government assisted the development of industries since everybody knew the importance of industrialization. The government did not interfere with the activities going on in the developments of those industries.

This shows the role of government during that ensured equal opportunity for all during industrialization. However, things changed after years of industrialization when the government seemed to be in competition with the private sector. This can be termed as being a problem that moved America backwards in terms of offering equal opportunity for all.

The second document shows the failure of the New Deal and the measures undertaken to mitigate the consequences. The stated New deal did not prove to be adequate in solving the issues of poverty affecting the American people. The New Deal was developed to assist the American people and Huey Long’s proposal of redistribution of wealth came at the right time.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An impressive point to note about Huey’s move is the fact that he decided to come up with the movement to give a measure of security and well-being. The advantage of setting up this movement is that Huey was a charismatic leader and chances were high that he would move the movement to a national level.

He used the movement to assist Roosevelt in the nominations since as a presidential candidate he had decided to support Huey’s efforts. However, the issue of leaders making false promises just before elections comes up since Roosevelt did not keep his promises after winning the election. The movement made proposals in sharing the wealth such that they knew they would get considerable support since it favored the poor.

The third document takes the issue of leaders making false promises a notch higher. This is an intriguing point considering that he had also been in government at one point. He understood the tricks that the government played upon its citizens only with an aim of getting their votes. Earlier on during the campaigns (in the first document), one can see that both Roosevelt and Hoover had made the same promise about redistribution of wealth.

However, Roosevelt did not keep his promise. Hoover, in his speech, explained that the selfish leaders base their philosophy on coercion of men. Hoover had done his part in rejecting some issues that he felt would only worsen the situation in America. Thus, he noted that people never noticed the things he did for them in order to ensure they enjoyed freedom and liberation (Johnson 60).

Minnie’s letter shows how the government may sometimes turn its focus from those who are needy to those who just take advantage of the attention. The letter came from a taxpayer, and this portrays what was going on in minds of many citizens at that time. She expresses her disappointment in the government in its failure to provide equality for all.

It was not fair for the government to offer so much to people who were not ready to work yet those who worked hard lived in more poverty than the beneficiaries. For example, the idle boys mentioned in the document seemed to destroy trees for fuel, yet, they were benefitting from the government. Some families continued to get more children since they knew that the government would take care of their problems. It would have been better encouraging them to work rather than be dependent on others.

Conclusion The three documents seem to be significant in the ways explained above, and they all fit into the societal context since either leaders or citizens write them. They deeply express how New Deal shackled free men and only worsened the poverty situation.

We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of the three Documents specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Johnson, Michael P. Reading the American Past, Volume II: From 1865: Selected Historical Document (4th Ed.). New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2008. Print.


The Worst Economic Crisis in the U.S. Essay online essay help: online essay help

According to research, an economic recession happens at the time when growth declines. In most cases, this happens when there is a reduction in the demand by consumers (Cashell, 2010). This is because as total demand in the economy declines, companies stop escalating, as a result they stop hiring.

With time the situation gets worse and the companies start firing their employees. The level of unemployment rises, purchasing power drops and consumer purchases drop even further and house prices begin to decline. The economic crisis of 2008 had its origin in the U.S. Most economists held responsible the mortgage market for the decline. It is clear that no one knew the worst economic crisis could occur in2008.

The results were severe as the economy was forced to freeze. The freezing of the economy is attributable to the shrinking of profits as well as collapse of several companies that had managed to employ thousands of employees. The market could be answerable although again there should be the main cause that made the problem to spread in the whole mortgage market of the United States, as well as the entire world.

Remarkably, the Lehman’s Brothers had much of its investment in the mortgage market. Though Lehman’s Brothers knew that the sub-prime mortgage market was quite risky for its investment, it is amazing to see Lehman’s Brothers’ bold measure towards investing heavily in the sub-prime mortgage market.

The main target of investing in the sub-prime mortgage market was to capture large profits considering that this market attracted high interest rates. However, the market proved to be risky due to high levels of bondholders defaulting to pay the interest rates and the subsequent principals. The attractive real estate market led to high demands and as a result, house prices went up. Many people called it the housing bubbles.

In this incidence, the rising inflation prices of assets tend to exceed that for incomes making it quite difficult to purchase assets from ones’ income. Specifically, the mortgage market became volatile and predicting the interest was not easy since interest rates could deviate with large margin.

For instance, in a single day, Dow Jones recorded an intra-day range of 1000 basis points the worst intra-day range ever since its inception. Such huge margins were attributed to lack of confidence in the mortgage market forcing many investors to withdraw their stocks in companies that had invested much in the mortgage market especially the sub-prime mortgage market.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People thought that mortgage associated companies were looking forward to make a lot of profits only to be shocked by the instabilities that were later realized in this market. The consequence of the collapse of Lehman’s Brothers was selling some of its units at a lower price. The company tried as much to compensate bondholders though with a lot of difficulties.

Lehman’s Brothers caused mayhem in the economy considering that large financial institutions had corporate stocks with Lehman’s Brothers. The U.S. Federal Reserve was directed by the government to give out a bailout package of 700 billion U.S. dollars to secure other companies that were on the verge of collapsing but very critical to sustaining the economy of the U.S. It is clear that most shareholders lost their shares worth millions of U.S. dollars.

Recalling that Lehman’s Brothers was a multinational financial institution, one could notice that its effects were spread rampantly to other parts of the world. France had a number of Lehman’s units. Asia as well had a number of Lehman’s Brothers business units that were later acquired by various companies abroad. Nevertheless, the large question could be what made Lehman’s Brother to fall leading 1000s loss of jobs and 1,000,000s shares.

This was the heaviest blow to the U.S. for the last 18 years after the fall of one considerably large company, perhaps answers for the fall could be important to assist in avoiding such incidence in the future. The obvious reason was the large investment made by the company in the risky sub-prime mortgage market (Cooper, 2008). Due to much reliance on this profitable but risky market, the company had no option of finding alternatives to defend its position in the market.

However, the company went to another extent of practicing gimmick accounting game in their accounts. Some malpractices that were practiced in their accounting attempted to hide the true financial position and as a result, investors could not make informed and wise investments. All stakeholders including employees, potential and existing shareholders, customers and government had developed much confidence with Lehman’s Brothers financial position.

Little did they know that Lehman’s Brothers was heading towards filing for chapter 11 bankruptcy. The failure of Lehman’s Brothers to pay its debt holders was enough to justify its declaring as bankrupt. At this point, it became fundamental to shut down its operations to pay its creditors with assets at hand, as shareholders shared the remaining part. Nevertheless, the company was not adequately enabled to pay its shareholders plunging them into worth U.S. dollars millions losses.

Other financial institutions that had invested in the mortgage market as well as in Lehman’s Brothers assets as well suffered huge losses while others ceased their operations. The consequence was loss of jobs as well as shares worth U.S. billions of dollars. The total income for the U.S. economy remarkably fell to lower levels. As levels of income of consumers went down, their purchasing power weakened. There was less income to encourage saving as well as investment in the economy.

We will write a custom Essay on The Worst Economic Crisis in the U.S. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The manufacturing sector had to reduce the number of employees since the decreased levels of revenue could not sustain all employees. The layoffs in the manufacturing sector further led to much more pressure on the economy. Capital goods were majorly affected as consumers resorted to the purchase of basic goods and services. The ripples were felt in other parts of the world including developing countries such as those of Africa.

To secure the economy from the difficult financial moments, a number of governments chose diverse measures to secure firms in the economy. The U.S. government in particular resorted to giving out bail out packages to financial institutions that were on the verge of collapsing. Other measures included the use of fiscal stimulus, loosening the monetary policy as well as allowing cooperation between international banks.

Effects of Monetary Policies implemented in Reaction to the Crisis As a result of lack of illustrations in which the central banks applied the composition of their balance sheet in order to involve the cumulative expenditure of the community by impacting credit flows, there is little chronological foundation for assessing the efficiency of credit policy.

Nevertheless, the policies that were implemented by the government concerning the credit policy followed two directions. For instance, in case Fed had established the asset side of its balance sheet to buy debt in the markets it considered dysfunctional, and left unsterilized, the allied increase in the monetary support would have mystified the credit and money establishment influences.

In addition, due to the financial crisis of 2008 that led to the implementation of monetary policies, there were costs linked with the sustaining of money supply, despite the fact that the government gets overall income. For instance, it was claimed that about ninety percent of the money supply was established by the private banking systems and carried interest as a condition of its existence.

The new policy required that all commercial banks to keep only 50% of all deposits they had and therefore the remaining 50% be to be kept with the Federal Reserve. To make the matter worse, Mr. Marriner decided to raise the Federal Reserve requirement to 75%.

Following the increased reserve requirement, majority of commercial banks resorted to tightening their lending capacity in order to avoid situations of liquidity in the bank. Most commercial banks restricted their levels of lending by raising the level of interest rates. This meant that the level of borrowing decreased sharply and as a result, the level of investment as well went down. The policy by the Federal Reserve led to low level of money supply in the economy.

The effects were two and this included reduced level of purchasing power as well as decreased levels of investment. Consequently, many parts of the economy failed to perform well leading to layoffs in various manufacturing industries, which dominated during these periods such as the mining industry. Others claim that the decision by the Great Britain to return Gold Standard at parities was as well the major cause of the crisis

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Worst Economic Crisis in the U.S. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Fiscal Policies Fiscal policies are financial, economic or monetary plans or strategies put in place to realize certain goals in a given economic set up. Concerning the financial crisis of the year two thousand and eight, there are a number of fiscal policies that had been put in place; the monetary and liquidity policy.

This policy caused banks to have a certain fear in that they were not willing to lend money to other banks and central banks of many countries cut their interest rates which forced them to provide unlimited liquidity to banks as a result (Bernanke, 2009). All the incidences happened because of the rapid fall of the capital markets as a result of the monetary and liquidity instrument fiscal policy implemented earlier on.

The fiscal stimulus policies that had been implanted earlier on also had the biggest effects that brought the world into the two thousand and eight financial crises. Perhaps the implementers had put a lot of efforts and expectations in the policies such that their failure left the implementers with no option in terms of an alternative way out. Thus, the world was left at sake and consequently falling into the financial crisis.

The Effects of the Fiscal Policies implemented in Reaction to the Crisis The fiscal policies had a lot of negative effects on both people and the general economy. To begin with, the fiscal policies caused negative economic growth as many banks globally feared to lend money even to their fellow bank operators as a result of the policies that had been implemented earlier. Banks feared to lose their money as interest rates fluctuated rapidly. The offering of more liquidity by many central banks did not solve the problem, but it rather worsened it as more fear crept in.

Secondly, the collapse of many banks due to the failure of the implemented fiscal policies caused a lot of uncertainties. Consequently, many banks across the globe restrained from giving out loans. Many countries in the world including the United Kingdom and the United States, experienced high unemployment rates as a result of the failure of the fiscal and monetary policies that did not give out promising results but instead brought negative outcomes.

References Bernanke, B. (2009). Essays on the great depression. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Cashell, B. W. (2010). The federal government debt: Its size and economic significance. Congressional research service. Retrieved from

Cooper, G. (2008). The origins of financial crisis: Central banks, credit bubbles, and the efficient market fallacy. New York, NY: Vintage Publishing.


Recording, Analyzing and Using Human Resource Information Report essay help

Data collection within organization is vital especially in supporting Human Resource Management Systems. Data management is the science of collecting, analyzing, and properly storing data in line with the laws and regulations controlling data monitoring. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explain concept of data management especially on the facets of data collection, storage and accessibility in the department of Human Resources Management (HR).

Scientifically, the process involves modeling unified data to provide accurate and single view of activities within the HR such as training, recruitment, compensation, performance, and employment management. For instance, ‘oracle leverage optimal workflow circles’ in multinational companies ensure easy and accurate accessibility of stored records within the shortest time possible.

However, the major reasons for collecting HR data are to meet stringent legal requirements such as personal details of workers, number of workers, salaries, hours of service, and medical condition. Often, companies are obliged to give accurate details to governmental departments whenever there is a need. Besides, data stored in the HR server is essential for protection of company against claims in court of law. Since details of each employee are kept intact, proper documentation would paint a clear picture for every complaint registered. [1]

The two types of data collected by HR department include the Operational Information Data and Tactical Information Data. Under Operational Information Data, HR management team should be conscious of it arrangement and storage medium.

This data exist in the form of HR profile records and includes organization dependent and personal information of the employees such as sex, name, address, citizenship, marital status, seniority data, salary grade, minority status, employment history, retirement, experience, and education level. Besides, the records collected may be inclusive of special preferences by employees.

In addition, the data captures skill inventory for each worker. In some cases, it contains information surrounding test scores, work experience, preferences, interests, and proficiencies or special skills. Besides, government reporting and compliance data avail information as indicated by laws that facilitate monitoring and observing compliance within regulations. These government initiated regulations aim at reducing costs and improving productivity.

For instance, job analysis system provides data on guideline compliancy, safety measures, and relevancy of skills for every department in an organization. Generally, data contained in the Operational Information System include information on position control, placement, and application, performance management information, and compliance to government standards information. [2]

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, Tactical HRIS provides support information to managers on decision making process such as design and job analysis, development and training, and compensation plans for employees. Generally, Tactical HRIS data capture information on recruitment, design and job analysis, benefit and compensation, and development and employee training systems.

Information on compensation and benefit records is vital in designing a comprehensive compensation program and fast tracking retirements and replacements. In decision making, properly collected and scientifically analyzed data provide accurate and reliable decision variables necessary in determining resource allocations for training, expansion, and structuralism to keep a competitive edge.

Among the most reliable methods of data storage in HR, management include the electronic data storage and traditional filing. Electronic data storage devises are effective in terms of space and time. Under this medium, data irrespective of its magnitude can be stored in digital and analogue formats. After the desired data is encoded, the non-volatile computer storage system captures all details permanently and allows for editing.

In the contemporary global arena, technology has made it possible to create backup systems that ensure safety of information. On the other hand, traditional system of filing records provides an alternative especially for small scale use. Under this system, data storage is organized alphabetically in cabinets and a reference sticker placed besides each record. This method is easy to monitor and safe especially when records are few.

The United Kingdom has policies and regulations on data collection, storage and accessibility. For instance, the ‘Acas Code of Practice’: Discipline and grievances at work provide guidelines on training courses which equip HR professionals with proper management policies and monitoring records.

In addition, the Regulation of Inventory Powers Act of 2000 cover limits placed for organizations for monitoring records in private and public networks. Reflectively, it empowers employees to benefits from organization’s carelessness with personal information. Also, the Data Protection Act of 1998 contains a code of conduct monitoring employer’s compliance. Specifically, part one of the act cover selection and recruitment rules. Moreover, part two is consistent in defining limits and ways of keeping employment records secured.

Part three and four deal with observations made at work and confidentiality of medical records respectively. A breach of the above policies attracts hefty fines and penalties as defined in the law. Stated in the code, information obtained or stored via the monitoring system should be used within the purpose of collection and must be secured. However, employers may breach this especially where there is proof of crime detection or prevention.

We will write a custom Report on Recording, Analyzing and Using Human Resource Information specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In a company of 200 employees, records analysis concentrates on the Absence Data Bank. This record is generated electronically and it records absence, time of reporting, details of each employee upon clocking in the thumb screen located at the entrance.

On Monday, two employees are absent with permission, however, another employee is also absent without formal explanation. Among the present employees, there are four arrive late for work. In the afternoon shift, six employees are out on official duty. The above data can be presented in the pie chart below.

From the above data, it is apparent that performance rate is slightly above 95%. Besides the Absence Record indicating three employees as absent, the computerized system captures the percentage of those who arrive late at 2%. This data captures general data as recorder in the system.

Therefore, further analysis should give clear statistics and foster creation of monitoring framework for marking the absence list and defining instrumental aggregates of valid comparison. Specifically, the scope of this analysis provides finer details of each employee as generated over a five day period. Therefore, information obtained is vital for determining performance of each employee and managing payroll especially for late arrivals and absentees with no formal notification.

Conclusively, HR Management is dependent on relevant data collection, proper record storage, and practical application in policy formulation and decision science. Reflectively, these actions must be in line with policies instituted by the government. Data on employees can be used in operation and tactical functions in an organization. Generally, data collection and management as a science should embrace systematic approach and in-depth analysis to understand labor management and factors surrounding its functionality.

Bibliography Brown, C.,


The world surrounded by money Essay college admissions essay help

Seemingly, weddings and funerals have lots of similarities. For instance, individuals dress up; families assemble, part of the crowd weep and guests of honor travel in expensive vehicles. After considering that huge sums of money are time and again spent on ceremonials, researchers have attested the availability of a lot of money in different nations of the world. In fact, while looking for new torrents on income, most families tend to add multipurpose regional centers for the purpose of societal meetings as well as post-funeral receptions.

In spite of the fact that marriages and funeral ceremonies have turned out to be highly expensive, it is asserted that 2,300,000 weddings are celebrated each year along with infinite figures of funerals in the United States. This essay tries to explore, compare and contrast the activities in a wedding and funeral ceremony with special emphasis on Rebecca’s one perfect day: the selling of the American wedding and Jessica’s book entitled The American way of death revisited.

According to Rebecca, America’s wedding lacks total uniformity. However, there are some basic aspects that have been observed in nearly all marriages in the United States. Generally, the bride put on a white gown, a religious ceremony is performed, and subsequent to this is a reception along with drinking, eating and dancing. Wedding celebrations in the United States are seen as events for self expression. This tendency in the US is inevitable and distinct.

They also present themselves extremely beautiful, well dressed and affluent. Marriage is the most conformist, respected and highly exalted ceremony within the US society. Various irresistible forces have developed in the wedding sector which has posed a challenge to the conventional way wedding. American wedding is presently shaped by commerce as well as marketing (Mead 16). Marriage usually changes an individual’s lifestyle to a prospective purchaser of bridal manufactured goods.

Researchers approximated that the American wedding industry had accumulated to 161 US dollars to the United States economy in 2006. In most cases, brides who purchase wedding merchandises from the industry are assured of a happily life ever after. This incites them into spending much while approaching their wedding ceremonies.

Rebecca states that her stand regarding the amount of money spent in wedding ceremonies is sternly negative. She sees this as a waste of money and a creator of havoc to the financial stability of the newlywed couples. Rebecca asserts that “most brides are always gripped by the desire to have their guests’ chair-backs tied with ribbons and colored to coordinate precisely with the envelopes in which their save-the-date cards have been sent out” (Mead 20). All these cannot be attained without money.

Rebecca explores the extent to which wedding ceremonies have been transformed through selfish interests into machines of income. The bridal media has influenced the industry through brokering relationships between brides and industries that serve them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Wedding ceremonies are also performed through hiring of vehicles and also hiring places where the bride and groom spent their times together. Different varieties of wedding gowns have been manufactured to provide a variety of choice to the newlywed couples. Wedding gowns worn in America were initially manufactured in the US but they are currently manufactured in Chinese Factory Floor.

Department stores in the wedding registry have progressively strived to secure brides as their clienteles for life. The significance of religion in a customary wedding has been mentioned along with the ways through which nuptial spirituality is marketed. Honeymoons along with journeys traveled by couples are also recognizably expensive.

Mitford’s book concentrates on the field of death. Death has also been considered as an expensive activity. Jessica’s book focuses on the high costs of funerals as a reason behind her discouragement of funeral activities. She talks of how the writing of her book was troubled and discouraged by most Americans especially the media mortuary experts.

As a matter of fact, the “standard cost of a funeral nationally had risen from seven hundred and fifty US dollars in 1963 to one thousand six hundred and fifty US dollars in 1977 in exclusive of a burial plot” (Mitford 10). The price of cremation had also doubled within a period of thirteen years.

In consideration of this, Jessica asserts that from the probable profitability, a Neptune Society was initiated by an enterprising businessman, a (for profit) direct cremation business enterprise that enjoyed instantaneous achievement and soon attracted customers from different parts of the world.

Cremation, which was the sole alternative for low class individuals due to the fact that it is cheap and simple, has turned out to be extremely expensive. Jessica also explains how the Federal Trade Commission’s Consumer Protection Bureau had initiated a policy to restrict reckless funeral buyers in their contracts with the undertakers.

This rule that was brought forth by the Federal Trade Commission had a great deal of loopholes. Most individuals in the United States have gone further to construct their own mortuaries and cemeteries as their sole source of income.

We will write a custom Essay on The world surrounded by money specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The major difference between Rebecca’s book and Mitford’s is the fact that Rebecca’s book focuses on weddings as events that consume huge amounts of income while Mitford’s book concentrates on funerals as events that consume a lot of income from the individuals involved.

Despite the fact that the two activities produce similar impacts, they are totally of different settings. Rebecca’s book talks of pricey reception services entailing drinking, eating and dancing along with traveling in fancy vehicles, provision of special treats to the guests of honor, purchasing of costly gowns, preparation and distribution of wedding cards to the invited guests, honeymooning and traveling for fun On the contrary, high costs entailing pricey reception have not been mentioned in Mitford’s book.

Both books regard marriage and funeral ceremonies as extremely pricey events. Marriage entails couples traveling in fancy vehicles, purchasing of costly gowns, feeding of individuals at reception centers, preparation and distribution of wedding cards to the invited guests, honeymooning and traveling for fun as well as paying for the hired activity places.

Funerals entail expensive mortuary services, caskets, cemetery services as well as burial plots (Mitford 20). Both books clarify that the costs of marriage and funeral have been gradually increasing as compared to the previous years where all classes of individuals could afford the services. In fact, the costs of wedding gowns, reception centers, rings, fancy vehicles and weddings invitation cards have sharply increased. In Mitford’s book, the cost of mortuary services and burial plots have also increased.

Rebecca’s book discourages the way in which the expenses in marriage have sharply increased. The highly exalted conventional marriage has been gradually replaced with a business oriented activity. Marriage is seen as an activity that individuals show off their status in terms of capital.

Presently, people in America try to employ all means to make their wedding ceremonies expensive than their colleagues. Business persons also strive to make the brides their permanent clienteles in each and every way. Similarly, the values of funeral services have progressively increased from affordable prices to highly unaffordable prices. The outlays of funeral services have progressively increased from $750 to $1650 within a period of seventeen years.

When Rebecca tried to bring to people attention that the high costs of marriage ceremonies should be done away with, she was shunned by both the media and the managers of different business corporations. This was due to the fact that if the weddings were averted, then most marketing corporations would their sources of income.

Marriages are presently considered as major sources of capital in most corporations (Mead 13). Likewise Mitford was also troubled in the publication of her book. She was not even allowed by the media to publicize her stand regarding the cost of funerals. In revisiting the American way of death, Mitford asserts that the changes in the costs of funerals are not positive and thus there is need for restructuring the system. She was objected by different people as well as the media.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The world surrounded by money by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In Rebecca’s book, weddings are regarded as sources of income to various corporations. First of all, the media gets cash in advertising new wedding gowns introduced to the market. Companies also get capital from the sale of wedding gowns and rings. Individually owned centers are also sources of income as they serve as reception centers during wedding celebrations. In Mitford’s book, funerals have been regarded as sources of income to various corporations. Individuals have also constructed their own cemeteries and mortuaries for income.

Conclusively, both marriage and funerals are expensive events. They should therefore be done away with. Fault concepts that the lives of couples can only be happier if their wedding ceremonies are well celebrated should be done away with. The amount of money spent in these events should be reduced so that the money is channeled to other important sectors of the nation. It is also important to note that different nations around the globe are unknowingly surrounded by money.

Works Cited Mead, R. One Perfect Day: The Selling of the American Wedding. New York: Penguin Press HC, 2007. Print.

Mitford J. The American Way of Death Revisited. New York: Vintage, 2000. Print.


Toyota Motor Corporation Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

The Toyota Motor Corporation is one of the world’s biggest and most favourable automobile manufacturers (Borowski). It is the leader in environmentally friendly and technologically advanced cars. The official start up for Toyota was in 1937, as Kiichiro Toyoda launched the Toyota Motor Company. In 1952 Toyota exponentially grew to become successful. The company started to export cars to South America.

Five years later the company gained ground on the North American market. Entering the US – market was for a breakthrough for Toyota in terms of automobile – exports. In 1982 Toyota Motor Company and Toyota Motor Sales Company joined forces to Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC).

The company now has 522 subsidiaries, over 320 thousands staff worldwide and is producing not only in the 12 Japanese factories but also in 51 other locations in 26 countries. Toyota Motor Corporation had the highest share price value of all car manufacturers in 2007. In 2008 Toyota had total unit sales of 8.972 million cars and had an annual turnover of 239.4 billion US – Dollars. In the same year it adopted the status of “The biggest automobile – manufacturer” (Borowski).

Today Toyota is no longer the No. 1 automobile manufacture because of the financial crises since 2007 and their image has been damaged due to massive global recalls over sticking gas pedals (Borowski). Internal environment The internal environment of an organization is based on elements within the organization. It contains things like the organization’s structure and culture, its human relations policies and procedures and the skills and experiences of the staff.

The Board of Directors in Toyota’s executive body and consists of 26 directors that comprise of the chairman, the vice chairman, the president, 8 executive vice presidents, 13 senior managing directors, an honorary chairman and a senior advisor. The Toyota Motor Corporation has achieved a lot of goals throughout its history, but to retain its success they have to become more of a team.

For that reason TMC developed a lot of techniques to production and employees, these techniques are often used in other companies or countries. Toyota is manufacturing its cars with the Toyota production System, it is based on “just in time” principles. So they have to trust every employee (Morgan and Jeffrey). The employee is of importance because even a line worker has the power to stop a manufacturing line.

If he or she sees a problem they can stop the manufacturing line and on the other hand there is a risk of higher costs incurring should the lines be stopped. The most important aspect in a large and successful organization like TMC is the communication within the organization, as well as the communication between the customers and business partners.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, Toyota adopted a new philosophy in 1992. There are seven guiding principles which affect Toyota’s actions and reflect its unique management philosophy. Technology As one of the biggest car manufacturers TMC spend a large amount of money to guarantee technologically advanced and high quality products. In 12009 Toyota invested 9.8 billion US – Dollars in its research and development department.

TMC is deemed to be the innovator of the hybrid trend. The Prius was the first car with the electro hybrid drive and since entering the market this car has won twelve “Engine of the Year Awards” (Morgan and Jeffrey). Toyota has a leading position in the eco – friendly car segment since the last seven years. It was a true example of success within the eco – friendly market. Since January 2010, TMC is adversely affected by a series of breakdowns as a result of the massive global; recalls over sticking gas pedals.

The organization anticipates a flood of lawsuits amounting to dozens of billions US – Dollars. Marketing Toyota is the most valuable car brand in the world, with a brand value of 58 billion US – Dollars. TMC is not only focused on general advertisement such as TV and radio, but they also focus on charity activities, motor sports, movies and many others (Borowski).

The brand name is a representative of eco – friendly, beloved, efficient and dynamic cars. The logo of the company consists of three bonded ellipses, this symbolizes Toyota’s philosophy: the Ambition for customer satisfaction, innovation and the fusion of quality and creativity (Borowski). Toyota supply chain system Toyota is well known for its approach to problem solving and continuous improvement (Ananth, Sridhar and Roy).

Toyota is a global auto company with many products across the globe with different characteristics that warrant different supply chain configurations. In addition, differences among the Toyota, Lexus, and Scion vehicles warrant different supply chain processes. Performance at Toyota is evaluated with equal weight given to both the process used to derive performance and the results achieved.

This process aims to generate balance of key supply chain parameters – variety of products offered, velocity of product flow, variability of outcomes against forecast, and visibility of processes to enable learning. The automotive supply chain is very complex and consists of many processes that, when linked together, form a supply chain from the customer back to the various tiers of suppliers. The physical processes consist off the production of parts at the suppliers.

The physical process consists of the production of parts at the suppliers, transportation of these parts to the assembly plant of the original equipment manufacturer, assembly of parts into a complete vehicle, distribution of completed vehicles to dealers, and finally delivery to a customer.

We will write a custom Essay on Toyota Motor Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, to physical processes, there are both preproduction and day to day operational support processes. To fully understand these processes, some background on the auto industry is necessary. The following questions need to be answered; what is the product? Who are customers? What are the distribution models? (Ananth, Sridhar and Roy).

Toyota supply chain Towards the end of the first revolution, the manufacturing industry saw many changes, including a trend towards a wide product variety. To deal with these changes, firms had to restructure their supply chains to be flexible and efficient. The supply chains were required to deal with a wider product variety without holding too much inventory. The Toyota Motor Company successfully addressed these concerns.

The course of action The Toyota Company should come up with ideas that allow the final assembly and manufacturing of key components to be done in – house. The bulk of the components should be sourced from a large number of suppliers who are part of the Keiretsu system. This refers to a set of companies with interlocking business relationships and shareholdings. The TMC should develop long term relationships with all her suppliers.

Essentially, these suppliers should be located very close to the Toyota plant assembly plants in order to facilitate the smooth flow of products within and without the company. However, despite the fact that there are challenges which are likely to be experienced by the company, it is important for the management to come up with more strategies which would ensure that the various products are produced at cost effective costs.

Excellence in product development Given the dramatic changes in the automotive product development environment, it is obvious that a strong product development system is a crucial core competence and fundamental to the success of any consumer driven component.

The growing complexity of the modern automobile, along with the changes which are taking place within this century implies that it is a high time that the company established several approaches which are going to ensure that the TMC products are quality products which have an edge in the market.

The company’s system should be in a manner that it ensures that new products which match the customer needs within a region are on top of the production list. Essentially, it is worth noting that it might be challenging to produce products which cut across the needs of the entire consumer demand.

However, owing to the nature of the competitors, the company should establish a strategy that ensures that the strategies which are put in place meet the objectives and goals of a given plant. Plant location As a multinational company, Toyota should seek to establish plants across the globe. This will ensure that it has the capacity and the ability to reach needs of the consumers across the globe.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Toyota Motor Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The global business strategy should be a major tactic for Toyota to keep consumers driving its products from generation to generation. This will call for launching slogans which respond to the regional consumer needs. By undressing the image of Japanese cars overseas, Toyota’s strategy will create a mirror of new indigenous products, which will be managed, designed, assembled and driven by the local people.

This strategy should work if the local people feel comfortable with the products. Furthermore, the products which will be developed should be according to the local conditions, especially weather conditions and economic infrastructures. By meeting the needs of the locals, Toyota will be in a position of spreading across the globe with the trademark brand Toyota.

Works Cited Ananth, Iyer, Seshadri Sridhar and Vasher Roy. Toyota supply chain management:a strategic approach to the principles of Toyota’s renowned system. California: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2009. Print.

Borowski, Arkadi. Report on the Toyota Company. Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag, 2010. Print.

Morgan, James and Liker Jeffrey. The Toyota product development system:integrating people, process, and technology. New York: Productivity Press, 2006. Print.


Motivational and Cognitive Sources of Prejudice Essay college admission essay help

Asian female celebrities and Caucasian men, has become one of the most common interracial pairing in America. The trend is attributed to motivational and cognitive prejudice that a particular person has towards his or her counterpart. Prejudice emanates from a special preference for a particular individual due to race, nationality, social status, or sexual orientation. Such factors have soothed Asian women to prefer Caucasian men to their Asian male counterparts.

On the other hand, Caucasian men prefer Asian females due to their highly rated smartness, good body physic and social interactivity. In addition, Asian females are said to be submissive in nature. Anyone who finds himself a target of the cross-cultural frustrations will definitely defend himself as pursuing his tastes rather than guided by the ethnic stereotypes. This growing trend creates an imbalance in interracial pairing and both the Asian and Caucasian men have expressed their disappointment.

The Asian female and Caucasian male interracial pairing phenomenon is attributed to the motivational sources of prejudice that exist among the parties involved. This fact is clearly elaborated in the frustration and aggression, and the social identity theories. Furthermore, frustration and aggression is further categorized into the realistic group conflict theory and the scapegoat theory.

The realistic group theory is manifested in the fact that Caucasian men are striking back at the modern feminism portrayed by the Caucasian females. Most Caucasian men believe that their counterparts articulate for modern feminism, whose main agenda is equal rights for women, and in the process end up discrediting the males.

Initiating and sustaining of relationships with the Caucasian females becomes complex and uncomfortable forcing the Caucasian males to resort to Asian females who are more idealistic (Myers, 2010). Furthermore, the Caucasian men who cannot contain the masculine role that the Caucasian women play in relationships turn to women from other cultural backgrounds.

They mainly prefer the Asian females. In this regard, Asian females obtain preference because of their supposed submissive nature attributed to the male dominance in relationships from their cultures. Notably, such characteristics promoted by tradition and culture are considered to be socially backward and lack value in the American standards.

The scapegoat theory explains some of the reasons that coerce Caucasian men to prefer Asian females to the Caucasian females. Most Caucasian men with certain weaknesses in their character prefer dominance in relationship. Therefore, individuals with such personalities resort to Asian females whose culture advocates for submissiveness in a relationship. With this option, the Caucasian men can avoid the blame games that are prevalent in relationship with women who advocate for the gender role equality.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Asian women indeed become the ultimate alternative in which Caucasian men can exercise their aggression. No matter how the Asian females get exposed to the American society, their culture still pervades unlike other individuals from different backgrounds. This has therefore substantially contributed to the rapid increase in the Caucasian men’s’ preference to the Asian women.

The social identity theories propose that individuals have social groups and categories that form an important part in their self-concept. The individual personalities portrayed by both the Caucasians and the Asians reflect the need for groups, association with the in-groups and comparison with the out-groups.

Most of the young people who belong to both the Caucasian and Asian background are influenced by their counterparts to follow the same path, contributing significantly to the trend. Although numerous accusations may arise that Caucasian men are taking advantage of the Asian women, their preference is attributed by the fact that Asian women are more lady-like. On the other hand, Asian women’s preference for the Caucasian men is attributed to their need for more tolerant and socially fit men.

These women quickly point out that the Asian men are restricted by their stifling culture, which forces them to opt for men who are likely to bestow them more freedom. Considering that most relationships are initiated at school levels, most Asian men are academically focused and limit themselves to the classroom work forcing the Asian women to go for Caucasian men. Despite their brilliance, they do not put much effort on learning essential skills of establishing and maintaining relationships (Gilbert, 1998).

In spite of the cultural values that connect people, the Asian men feel discarded when the Asian women prefer the Caucasian men to them. Asian women have developed a notion that their men are nerdy and mostly suitable for the karate-chop actions. These ideologies are mainly promoted by the media, which tend to give more favour to the Caucasian men as representing the American standards. The beauty of men as portrayed by the media is represented in terms of characters such as being smart, athletic and social.

Media due to its influence on people has greatly changed the desire for women to go for ordinary men, but opt for men who fit the American standards. Such bias favours the Caucasian men in wooing the Asian women. The confidence exhibited by the Caucasian men makes them more attractive to women. A gradual decline in the number of Asian women dating Asian men creates an imbalance since few Caucasian women go for Asian men.

Asian males are disadvantaged in this regard and are generally perceived as unattractive to suit the women demands. Due to the continuous appearance of Asian women in the spotlight as representing the American beauty, the preconceptions that initially existed concerning them are now being discarded. This has influenced their preference among Caucasian men unlike the Caucasian women who are more independent.

We will write a custom Essay on Motivational and Cognitive Sources of Prejudice specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Attribution, distinctiveness and categorisation are the cognitive source of prejudice. Categorisation is prevalent and has substantive impact on the Caucasian male and Asian women interracial pairings.

With the perception of the Caucasian men as being lenient, appreciative and respectful, they are more favourable to the Asian women compared to their competitors, the Asian men. The rating of the Caucasian men by the Caucasian women as appropriate suitors and partners creates a mentality among women that they are the ideal men for relationships.

Most Caucasian men find Asian women suitable because of the fact that the independent Caucasian women are usually short of time, preoccupied and not passionate in relationships (Baron, 2000). In this regard, the analysed perception of the desirability of the Caucasian men and Asian women relationship creates a conception that other unions are not effective.

To avoid the likely disappointments in other unions most people choose the tested patterns. Homogeneity effect plays a crucial role in the pairing of the Caucasian men and Asian females. In other words the perception held by women that all Asian men are alike creates a discrepancy in the formation of relationship.

Attrition refers to the stereotypic ideologies held by people that what takes place is justifiable. For most Caucasian men, there is a notion that Asian women are ideal for them and therefore a majority of them go for these women. Asian women on the other hand view the characteristics of the Asian men as void and weak in forming stable and enjoyable relationships.

Distinctiveness mentality among the Caucasian men creates attention and forms inappropriate judgement of the realistic partners that they should have. On a large extent, it has facilitated bias in the creation of ideal and appropriate relationships. Furthermore, both the Asian men and Caucasian women have also concurred the trend and expressed disappointments and pity for the parties involved.

References Baron, R. A.,


Motivation Theories Definition Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and real business firm example Abraham Maslow was one of the humanistic psychologists who were instrumental in delivering management and educational fields through useful descriptions of human needs. Such needs became known during revolutionary time of hierarchy of needs (Buchanan and Huczynski 2010, p.10). He believed that people couldn’t be healthy and well adjusted unless all of their basic needs were met. The Maslow’s aim was to motivate employee through the provision of basic needs so that they could become functional in the society.

As a result, Maslow identified five types of basic needs and ranked them from the lowest or the most basic need upwards to those less basic. He believed that all the needs were not aroused at once, but rather triggered gradually. He stated that, once the most basic was satisfied, the next need became necessary to satisfy (Stephens and Gary 1998, p.61). The constituencies of the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs include self-actualization, safety and physiological needs, esteem and, of course, social needs.

Physiological needs, which are at the lowest level in the hierarchy, are responsible for satisfying the most fundamental biological drivers (Montana and Charnov 2008, p.19). Such needs include food, water, shelter, and air. In most companies, it is necessary to ensure that employees’ psychological or basic needs are met.

For instance, most companies pay employees a living wage to exchange it for food and shelter. However, this is not the only way companies satisfy employee psychological needs. For instance, at Hershey foods and southern California Edison employees normally get coffee or tea break and other resting opportunities. In addition, to ensure that employees are healthy, companies provide exercise facilities for them.

In real life businesses, companies like Hershey foods, and southern California Edison, employees who live healthy get an award of insurance rebates. On the other hand, those who are at high risk of illness have their premium raised. As a result, insurance burden is not only well distributed to encourage people to live healthy lives, but also as an incentive encouraging them to embrace health.

Safety needs arise once the psychological needs have been satisfied. This is about the need to live in an environment that is both, psychologically and physically safe and secure. Organizations have in many ways work to ensure that employee safety exists (Pride Hughes and Kapoor 2011, p.88). For instance, at Hershey foods and southern California Edison shop workers get maximum protection from environmental hazards through wearing hard hats and goggles.

For office workers, attempts to release them from eyestrain and back pains, the companies provide well designed computer monitors, chairs, and desks exist. Currently, most organizations show enormous interest in ensuring protection and employees’ safety. Although the government dictates most of the safety practices, it is worth nothing that employees recognize the motivational benefits associated with safe working environments.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Social needs come into light once the psychological and safety needs are satisfied. These refer to the need of linking and getting acceptance from others (Miller, Vandome and John 2010, p.99). As human beings, we need acceptance from other people surrounding us. Companies such as Hershey foods and southern California Edison provides health club facilities for its employees.

This is alongside keeps its employees healthy, which is essential. Esteem needs come ones the psychological, safety, and social needs are satisfied. This is due to the fact that we do not only need to create social links with others, but instead, we need to gain their approval and respect. Esteem needs refer to desire for achievement of success and recognition by others.

For instance, in companies such as Hershey foods and southern California Edison, senior employees reserved parking spots exists. This acts as a way of recognizing or honoring senior employees. As a result, this promotes esteem of the senior employees within the organization. In addition, Hershey foods and southern California Edison recognizes best practices of their employees by awarding bonuses.

Self-actualization needs arise once all lower order level needs are met. This is so because employees will aim at becoming whatever they are capable of being. Once they attain self-actualization level, they are able to perform at their best and become valuable assets to the organization.

As a result, most companies pave the way to employees to attain self-actualization by meeting the lower needs. For instance, at Hershey foods, and southern California Edison, most of the lower needs of employees have favorable conditions for their achievement to pave the way for employee attaining self-actualization and ensure maximum production.

Pros and Cons

One of the main pros associated with the theory is that it provides a perfect guideline regarding the needs that employees are motivated to achieve. As a result, most companies have implemented this theory through practice thus enabling employees to be successful (Orcena 1995, p.87).

This has made the theory popular among most organizational practitioners. On the other hand, the main con associated with the theory is that, it states that there are five needs, activated in a certain order. This is not true because, to some people some of the issue regarded by Maslow as psychological needs may not be so to them. Some individuals may decide to satisfy social needs even before safety needs based on their conditions.

We will write a custom Essay on Motivation Theories specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Motivation: ERG Theory (Clayton Alderfer) and Real Life Business Example Alderfer presented the ERG theory in 1969 with an attempt to improve the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs through allowing flexibility of movement between needs (Milliken 1998, p.63). The theory was due to the reduced number of needs levels and allowance for needs variation depending on individuals. In addition, he gave an allowance for the simultaneous pursuing of needs. He divided the needs into three categories. Such categories included; existence, relatedness, and growth needs.

Existence needs involve combination of psychological and safety needs. Under existence needs, some of the needs identified include, food, shelter, and clothing (Koont 1990, p.101). Relatedness needs include social and external esteem needs, such as coworkers, friends, and family involvement.

Growth needs refer to the internal esteem and the self-actualization needs. These are the most abstract needs because they do not involve physical aspects. Such needs include the desire to be productive or creative. Maslow interpreted his theory stating that it was aimed at satisfying needs, and as a result, ensured employee motivation. Alderfer stated that all categories of needs are paramount, as they are satisfied.

According to Alderfer, there is no hierarchy of needs. He states that all needs are equally valuable and once they are satisfied, employees become motivated to work or become creative (Robinson 2003, p.155).

As a result, the aspect of need frustration becomes eliminated because concentration of needs at some level acts as a motivator at some point in time. He stated that, when an individual gets a motivation to satisfy high-level needs, but faces difficulties, then an individual is free to satisfy low level needs first (Robbins, 2009, p.200).

Based on this theory, employees at Hershey foods and southern California Edison have an opportunity to move in and out of the various levels. This depends on the extent to which needs of employees should be met. As a result, most of the management students claim that this theory is logical and similar to most of the worldviews. At Hershey food, and southern California Edison, employees are capable of placing emphasis on a single category of needs that one considers necessary at that moment.

According to Alderfer, he recommended needs to be met simultaneously, without a certain order. For instance, a starving artist may emphasize abundantly in art creation, which represents growth needs than on existence need such as shelter and clothing (Jones, George and Hill 2000, p.5).

In addition, an employee who aims at increasing responsibility through promotion may work towards satisfying all needs by increasing pay hence representing existence needs. In addition, he will work towards the development of a large social network by promoting relatedness.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Motivation Theories by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As a result, he will ensure an increase in self-esteem hence promoting growth of needs. According to this theory, frustration arises due to regression through the needs levels. This arises in most case where most of the lower needs levels are not met (Wallace and Szilagyi 1982, p.109). There are some exceptions for frustration regression. First exception arises due to failure to fulfill most of the existence needs. The second exemption arises due to much fulfillment of growth needs leading to much growth needs.

Pros and Cons

The most common pro associated with this theory is that, unlike in the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the individuals has an opportunity to satisfy needs depending on their choice. The fact that needs are not organized in a hierarchy enables an individual to satisfy what he thinks are necessary thus avoiding frustration (McKenna 2000, p.57).

On the other hand, the main con associated with this theory is that, needs should be satisfied systematically to avoid prioritization of issues that may not be much essential in life. In addition, the use of this theory may not promote the progress since things do not happen systematically.

My Own Opinion on the Theories It is worth nothing that motivation is one of the essential elements in organizations. This is an element affected by an individual’s background and attitudes and related external factors (Hill and Jones 2007, p.7). As stated in the theories, most of the researchers focus on limited variables in its applications.

In my opinion, although Abraham Maslow hierarchy of needs is appealing there are recent emerging theories that focus on appropriate contexts. In addition, it is worth nothing that it is not enough to state that employee are motivated through satisfaction of needs. Instead, it is essential for the manager of an organization to understand the diversity of employees operating.

To ensure that employees are motivated, it is necessary to understand them critically so that a manager does not only work on satisfaction of needs in a systematic manner (Hill and Jones 2004, p.76). In my option regarding Alderfer theory of needs, it is a brilliant idea that needs do not have to be satisfied in a systematic manner. However, it is essential to satisfy needs that are most essential in life other than satisfying those that one can do well in their absence.

Reference List Buchanan, D.A


Critical Response Reading Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Introduction Religion refers to the conviction held by a group of people concerning a deity or a phantom power. It usually involves ceremonial observances and norms that govern the behavior of people. Religion influences the conduct of humans in different ways. It determines how and what people believe in. It commands loyalty and absolute obedience and attracts penalties and punishments for disobedience.

In the west, the people of Haiti are considered to hold a unique religious view. This is because Haiti was the second country to gain independence after their slaves rebelled. Consequently, the country was isolated from other countries for a long time. The isolation denied them religious privileges like having a priest.

For this reason, the people of Haiti were left to believe in their own traditions without being influenced by outsiders. Considering that the slaves in Haiti come from different parts of Africa, the diversity of their traditional religious beliefs distinguishes Haiti from other Caribbean countries.

Critical Response One Vodou religion

According to Karen McCarthy, there are factors of religion that are common in the Western countries. The first aspect is that the significant role of religion is to bring healing. Secondly, the Afro-Caribbean’s believe that the life of an individual is connected to his relatives and ancestors.

The consequence of this interaction brings us to the third aspect which requires communication with relatives to induce healing. In Haiti, the religious organization known to connect with ancestral spirits is Vodou. Vodou describes the belief system in Haiti that upholds “the spirits”. It is a religion that believes in honoring the spirits of the dead. For this reason, suffering is seen as a way in which they serve the spirits. According to the Haitian, there is no heaven, therefore, no hope for a better day.

Vodou originated as a result of the interaction of the Fon, Yoruba, and Kongo customs. It has since embraced catholic practices. These customs consider the family as a supreme unit in the society. For them, the family means both the living and the dead. At the time when slaves were being transported from Africa to the west, several families were either separated or lost their loved ones.

The loss of family members in the slave trade brought the different cultures together and made them stronger. The Vodou religion united them with the spirits of their family members. Another analogous view on this subject is that of Claudine Michel “Vodou in Haiti: Way of Life and Mode of Survival”. She asserts that Vodou is a system that originated from the struggle of people to survive.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Claudine Michel, Vodou is not as bad as the media makes it sound. The media have associated the religion with black magic, sexual orgies and blood sacrifice. However, she asserts that Vodou has values that endorse “humanism and a feeling of communality”.

The Haitian religion believes that humans are critical. A person lives by interacting with other people. The action of a person is considered to influence the actions of his family and community. Therefore, Vodou expects an individual to embrace family relationships.

The family is a fundamental institution which trains individuals to interact with the community. Vodouists have been taught to accord respect to elders and all who possess knowledge and wisdom. Failure to honor the elders attracts ‘bad luck’ for the family and subsequently the entire community. Vodou is a religion rich in culture with the use of symbols, proverbs, and rituals that stimulate learning.

In addition, religion is crucial for their well-being. Vodouists consult the spirits also referred to ‘Lwa’ before they engage in any activity. They believe that the spirits have the power to give favorable living conditions for all people. The mandate of the deities is to bless the people with rain, good health, love, and money and other things that make their life secure.

Critical Response Two Vodou and art

In “Rara of the universe”, the author claims that Vodou has promoted a distinguished tradition of consecrated art. The remarkable philosophy of art can be attributed to the blending of different religions from Africa. One of the dominant influences of Haitian art is the Dahomey religion.

It originated from Dahomean coast, which was once, a base for slave trade. Later, the religion borrowed and assimilated the religion of the Yoruba and the Kongo. The people of Dahomey believe in a war deity referred to as ‘Gu’. ‘Gu’ is said to be the characterization of the sharp blade in a razor, a machete or a spear.

The image of ‘Gu’s’ blade of this deity is represented as a monument of iron. The image comprises small blades, arrows, poppers and other sharp objects. The image of ‘Gu’ demonstrates his immense power and influence. Additionally, the Dahomean has another deity of war symbolizing praise. Its image is of a lion with pointed fangs engraved in wood. The pointed fangs of the lion were meant to post a message of terror to the world.

We will write a custom Essay on Critical Response Reading specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When the black people first came to Haiti as slaves, their slave masters who were Roman Catholics imposed their religion on them. They would baptize them by force and provide them with carvings and lithographs of the Catholic saints. Although these images were given to honor the saints, the black people compared the characteristics of the saints to their own deities. For that reason, the symbol of the saints was associated with the god of war ‘Gu’.

The iron sword used in war by Saint James was agreed to be the epitome of a warrior deity ‘Ogun Ferraille’, while the flags were compared to ‘gubasa,’ a symbol of the battle in Dahomey. The weapons and flags seen on the catholic lithographs brought new meaning to the Afro-Haitian culture. Each time a person was haunted by the spirit of ‘Ogun Ferraille’ they had to dance around the altar. They did this with a heated iron bar or staff in his hands to prove the spirit was authentic.

The other type of sacred art commonly found amongst the Vodou followers is the vodun flags. Flags are used to commemorate ceremonies and rituals in Vodou. Anytime flags are raised they usher in the spirit of the deity associated with ceremony in context.

Flags mark the border line between the physical and the spiritual world. It is a way of honoring or greeting the spirits. Flags are brought out in a traditional way. Tradition demands that a flag can only be brought out of the sanctuary by a party consisting of two women with a man carrying a sword.

While the party brings out the flag, the people witnessing the process can be moved to sing in praise of the deity of thunder whose nature is like the thud of guns heard during the war. The symbols of the deities are designed with beads on the flags. Beads are believed to possess spirits. The beads used sparkle with different attributes of the deities. For example, the flag representing the deities of the skies is made from a pastel blue silk material with several silver glitters.

Additionally, Vodou deities are sometimes traced on the ground using a powdery substance mostly made from cornmeal. The paintings are known as ‘Veve’. The patterns were derived from a fusion of Fon and Kongo ground designs. The ground drawing extol, beckon and incarnate the vodou deities at the same time.

One of the most beautiful ground signs was borrowed from the tribe of Tu- Chokwe in Angola. The drawing is a collection of a variety of different motifs. It has a symbol that portrays the realm of the deity at the top while the earth is depicted directly opposite. At the center, a nucleated pastille model represents the ‘muyombo’ tree which is believed to be sacred.

Critical Response Three Vodou Artists

Hector Hyppolite

Selden Rodman in his article A visit with Hector Hyppolite describes Hector Hyppolite as a key painter in the history of Haiti. His grandfather and father were priests, but he felt as he was more of a painter; so he asked the spirit’s consent to suspend his priestly duties for some time. He is not legally married. Because, he believes his grandfather betrothed him to the goddess ‘La Sirene’ while he was still young. ‘La Sirene’ is responsible for his finances.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Critical Response Reading by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, he keeps mistresses who in his opinion should consider themselves lucky. Hector’s life revolves around painting. When he is not painting, he takes part in Vodou rituals. The Vodou altar in his house is usually full of sacrifices for the spirits. Nevertheless, his inspiration for painting is Saint John the Baptist. Hector’s relationship with Saint John and ‘La Sirene’ demonstrates the confluence of Catholicism on the Vodou religion.

Andre Pierre

Andre Pierre is another notable Haitian artist. His thoughts about Vodou are captured by Donald Cosentino in his work A world created by Magic. Andre Pierre believes that Vodou was the first religion that ever existed. Vodou is responsible for creation through magic. He considers that human beings are the result of magic therefore; they live with the spirits.

Vodou is superior to other religions because it embraces nature and studies the actions of people. His work of art is inspired by the need to show the world that Vodou is not a diabolical religion. He portrays Vodou as a religion that promotes fairness and neighborly love. On the other hand, he claims that Vodou promotes war.

Edouard Duval- Carrie

In his other article, Divine Revolution, the Art of Edouard Duval- Carrie Donald Cosentino describes the painting of the Duval – Carrier. Although their paintings are ages apart, the work of Edouard is similar to that of Andre-Pierre with his mythical style. Nevertheless, Edouard’s paintings and monuments are rich in Haitian History. He is known for painting the revolution and the fight for independence.

He has erected altars as an attribute to the heroes of the revolution such as Toussaint Louverture. Furthermore, he has tried to paint pictures of the ‘lwa’ of the Vodou religion. Since the ‘lwa’ represents the ancestors, Edouard’s work shows how the ‘lwa’ would look like at the present time. According to Donald Cosentino, Edouard plans to construct a Vodou temple where he can transform his paintings and sculptures into monumental spaces.

Amateur painters

Haiti has one of the most remarkable pieces of art. The first art center was started in May, 1944. During the launch, paintings and other works of art from different artists were displayed. Months later, an amateur artist sent his work of primitive art at the center. The piece of art opened the door for this artist and others to showcase their talent.

It is through the art center that artist like Hector Hyppolite were recognized. His paintings would later alter the art in Haiti. Through the Centre, easel and mural paintings are now well established in Haiti. Other types of art-like sculptures ceramics are yet to catch up.

Bibliography Brown, McCarthy Karen. Afro-Caribbean: A Haitian Case Study. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

Claudine, Michel and Bellegrade-Smith Patrick. Vodou in Haitian life and Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

Cosentino, Donald. Divine Revolution: the art of Edouard Duval-Carrié. California:UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 2004

Hoffman, G Larry. Haitian art: the legend and legacy of the naïve tradition.California: Davenport Art Gallery, 1985

Michel, Claudine. Vodou in Haiti: Way of Life and Mode of Survival. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

Passalacqua, Sue and Cervantes Joseph. Understanding gender and Culture within the Context of Spirituality. Fullerton: California State University, 2003.

Selden, Rodman. Renaissance in Haiti: popular painters in the Black Republic. New York: Pellegrini


The Problem of Consumer Conflict in Business Term Paper essay help site:edu

Introduction Consumer behaviour involves analysis of the reasons why people decide to buy or not to buy a product. This involves the analysis of consumers’ psychology, economics, sociology, and the social anthropology.

Consumer behaviour is aimed at coming up with a clear understanding of consumers’ buying decision making process, either an individual or as a group. In the analysis of consumer behaviour, characteristics of consumers, such as demographics and other behavioural variables, are analysed critically to understand consumers’ wants and needs (Solomon, 2011).

Indeed, it is not possible to predict consumers’ behaviour and clearly outline their needs and wants. In most cases, people do not differentiate them. As a result, most of the times, attempts are made to distinguish needs and wants. Needs refer to basics that make up one’s survival kit; on the other hand, wants refer to desires that may not be basic in life such as cars, fashion clothes, and electronics among others.

Consumer needs are basic in nature, and one cannot survive without them; they include food, clothing, and shelter. On the other hand, consumer wants are desires and luxurious in nature; therefore, one is capable of surviving without them except that they are needed to improve the living conditions.

Discussion The conflict that typical consumers experience when deciding between what they need and what they want

In most cases, consumers experience challenges when deciding on whether to settle a need or a want. In addition, sometimes, consumers are not able to differentiate between a need and a want, thus they face difficulties in decision making. However, it is essential that consumers learn to manage their decisions appropriately.

This is important because consumers should be able to make a reasonable decision among several alternatives subject to a wide range of matters. There are several styles used in decision making, just as there are several issues that need clear decisions. While making a decision, it is all about uncertainty and risk, since consumers have varying levels of risk aversion.

In addition, making decisions involves either quantitative or qualitative analysis (Solomon, 2010). As a result, consumers can make a decision using any of these decision making styles. The wide range of decision making styles pose conflicts when consumers try to choose between what they want and what they need.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main conflict arises when a consumer is trying to make a rational judgement. Some of the issues that bring the conflict while consumers are trying to make decisions include consumers’ personality, peer pressure, social surrounding, social statures, and prices charges among others.

Based on the consumer personality, most of the times consumers try to buy products that may not be in line with their status. When a consumer buys a product that is above his or her status, and then it is clear that it is based on wants and not needs.

In most cases, consumers buy products or services that go in line with their status. In such a case, possibly the consumer obtains it based on a want and not on a need. There are several factors that have a significant impact on consumer choice regarding a want and a need (Hoyer


How the Brain Lies Essay (Article) essay help online: essay help online

Our brain usually stores memories in a quirky way and this often results in deception. The mode of storage of the information is quite different from that of the computer. In the brain, the information is always stored in the hippocampus once received at the first time.

When a person remembers something, the brain rewrites the information and reprocesses it. During the re-storage, that information is transferred to the cerebral cortex. This often results in a person forgetting whether the information is true or false, a condition called source amnesia. This renders a person susceptible to self deception.

According to Ekman, facial expressions are universal while gestures are specific to a person’s culture. It is therefore possible to detect a person telling a lie from his/her facial expression or non-verbal gestures. It is also possible for someone under great distress to hide the real emotions so as to trick another person to give in to his/her deception.

A liar might avoid gestures; facial expressions and change in tones so as to conceal a certain truth hence avoid being caught. In most cases, the victim of the lie might ignore the clues to the lie in fear of the consequences of the lie being revealed, hence accepting to be lied to (Ekman).

In Rodriguez’s case, Ekman would have looked for non-verbal gestures which indicated that he was lying. While he was being interviewed for instance, his body twitched with emotions. The intensity of the emotions being covered resulted in Rodriguez’s leaking out his real emotions hence exposing the lie. He could not conceal the lie completely. He was trying to conceal many intense emotions and this betrayed him in the form of non-verbal gestures.

The Tiger Woods article is a clear indication that people often believe what they want to believe. Even after the allegations of promiscuity of Woods, it was difficult for people to come to terms with the fact that the much respected figure was actually having a questionable character.

Companies could not easily remove his name in their brands and his name remained in most of the billboards. It is quite clear that his tarnished name could bring a negative image to any brand or the golf industry but most people could not just heed to this. It is quite clear that even after quitting golfing, Woods would come to the limelight especially after another celebrity scandal props up.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People often pay attention to certain information while in a certain emotional state although it might be distorted or false. They tend to believe it when received as the first hand information and any additional information only upgrades the already stored information. Some take such information as the truth and any evidence to counter it is ignored.

In the case of the 9-11, most people were in emotions of pain and anguish at the time of the incidence and any information concerning the cause of the attack at that time was perceived as the truth and any efforts to counter that were not successful. The first information that is stored if often re-processed and re-stored at the cerebral cortex and a person often perceives it as the truth even if it were a lie.

The most intriguing fact is that our brains often lie to us. In some cases, the information is absolutely distorted yet held as the truth and people tend to shun the truth after yielding to such deception. People might come to know the truth but still act in deception as it is in the Tiger Woods’ case.

Works Cited Ekman, Paul. Telling Lies; Clues to Deceit in the Marketplace, Politics and Marriage. New York: NORTON


Character Comparison and Contrast Essay best essay help

“Fast Food Nation” is a novel written by Eric Schlosser who is a journalist reporting on the food industry. He focuses more on the hazardous conditions and effects of eating fast foods.

He explains that Americans are a people that are addicted to the products of fast food. This book is compared to The Jungle which is written by another journalist Upton Sinclair. He gives the journey of a Lithuanian family, who travelled to the United States just to experience the American Dream. His expectation was shattered because he encountered the opposite.

The family strives to get their way to survive in Chicago through the means of coning. Both books have a similar theme concerning the health of the people of America and the working conditions of people in the meat packing industry. For a deeper analysis of this subject, we will be comparing and contrasting between two major characters of each novel. The character in Fast Food Nation is known as Jurgis Rudkus while the major character in The Jungle is Kenney Dobbins.

Starting with the similarities, they both had good character and integrity in their lives. In the beginning of the literature The Jungle, Jurgis was young strong and an honest man. Kenny had a high level of integrity to his work and family. As much as there were hardships on his way, he focused on doing the things that are right and giving his best for the company regardless of the poor working conditions. They both worked for a meat packing industry.

Kenney was carrying crates weighing 120 pounds in a meat packing company called Monfort Slaughterhouse. His job was to carry heavy weights of meat. On the other hand Jurgis was digging tunnels. The name of the meat packing company is not specified but the location is in Chicago. Both their jobs required hard hours of labor. Of course such kinds of working opportunities were paying little with much to be done. Both Kenney and Jurgis were striving to have better lives for their families.

In each novel, both Kenney and Jurgis get injuries while they were working. One day as Kenney was working, a crate weighing ninety pounds fell from the top level and was about to crash him. He managed to catch it but he went out of balance and caused an injury on his back (Schlosser 187). He severely herniated two of his back disks. Jurgis also attained injuries due to the labor of digging tunnels. Both of them got no serious medical attention that should have been provided by the company.

The working conditions in both situations were poor. They became victims to the bitterness of life. Life had a way of causing oppression in their lives. According to Kenney, it was his employer while Jurgis was poverty in a foreign land. They both had challenges in their marriage but providers for their families. They were both young, Kenney was 24 years old but Jurgis age was given no specification.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Looking at the differences, Jurgis was a foreigner who travelled from Eastern Europe to America in such of a better living. He was a Lithuanian and could speak both polish and Lutheran (Sinclair 2). On the other hand, Kenny was a born American. In line with character and integrity, Kenney was able to maintain the good moral.

Regardless of how much his employer was oppressing him with harsh working conditions, he never gave up and stayed committed to his employer. Jurgis started off as a man of integrity but the pressures of life made him stray away. Wanting to survive in the harsh reality in America, he forgot every good moral he had and began conning, mugging people and turned out to be a criminal.

Kenney lost his wife through divorce while Jurgis lost his wife through child birth. He lacked the finances to pay for her medical bills. Another difference between the two characters is joining of unions. Kenney refused to involve himself with unions. He considered them as groups that build a bad reputation from the employer’s perspective. Jurgis on the other hand, involves himself into a strong labor union and socialism. He also got to be part of a socialist rally. Kenney ended up being fired and living in a horrible health.

He lost his job without any valid reason and was given no compensation. Jurgis’ involvement in the unions made him have a better life and the union rights were able to secure his position in the factory. Through socialism activities he got to be converted to a religious person and began going for missions.

It has been clearly seen that in both novels, there is a similar concept and theme while at the same time, the approach is different. The major characters in both novels have endured hardship, disappointments and bitterness. They also had different characteristic depending on the kind of circumstances. The two characters Kenney and Jurgis have helped the world to realize the kind of conditions that are in the meat packing industries.

Works Cited Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2002. Print.

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Doubleday, Jabber


The Relationship between Eliezer and His Father Essay best college essay help

Tough and gruesome times caused by events happening around an individual’s life play a critical role in triggering emotions which can impact on the relationship that person has with others.

Empirical-based research studies indicate that different individuals who have strong faith in God and also enjoy firm relationship with family and friends may lose faith in both God and mankind during trying moments. However, although relationships can be impacted upon by circumstances, strong family ties play an important role in holding individuals together as this paper examines from the relationship of Eliezer and his father.

A respectful relationship The relationship Eliezer has with his father at the beginning of the story can be compared to the one he has with God soon after the tough experiences and problems at the Nazi concentration camps hits him (Spector 40).

The author claims that even before going to the camps, there seems to be no cordial relationship between him and his father. This was due to the fact that his father seemed to care more about other people and issues and ignore his son Eliezer altogether.

For instance, at the sighet ghetto, Eliezer had demonstrated positive attitude, passion and interest in studying mysticism. Therefore, he thought of seeking approval and mentorship role from his father who was at that time a respected member of their community and in good position to help him. Unfortunately, his father downplayed his request as a less important matter (Misco 11).

Even though Eliezar’s father refuses to take the mentorship role over his son, his son still looks up to him, obey his will and regards him with utmost respect as his father and also due to his position in the Jewish community. In addition, he also respects his father because it was expected of him to do so according to the orthodox Jewish laws (Frunza 21).

A caring relationship: Eliezer demonstrates his great care and willingness to protect his father from the uncertainties at the concentration camp. At Auschwitz Birkenau, Eliezer develops fear of being separated from his father whom he sees as helpless individual in need of support and care when men and women are separated (Hospital 360).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite the weak bond he has with his father, Eliezer begins to feel that he would lose his father too. As a result, he is gripped with fear and develops a deep feeling of care and love for his father. When he is eventually separated from his father, the uncertainty of forthcoming experiences and need to protect his helpless father leads him towards guilt and resentment.

When Eliezer is transferred to block 17 after he is separated from his father, he worries about his father’s well being and continues offering support (Jablon 320). They rely on each other for strength to live despite hardships, work and survival. On the other hand, Eliezer’s father also demonstrates great concern for his son.

For instance, on the first night at Bikenau, a big fire pit is dug in the camp and children are brought in by a lorry and tossed into the fire. While Eliezer is waiting in the line for his turn, his father weeps at the thought of what Eliezer will go through. Besides, his father worries about what his son might have to face alone at the death camp and the expression of emotions by his father assures Eliezer of care and concern for his plight (Bauer 21).

Works Cited Bauer, Markus. “Coming to Terms with the Past: Romania”. History Today 57.2 (2007): 21-23. Print.

Frunza, Sandu. “Ethics, religion and memory in Elie Wiesel’s night” Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9.26 (2010): 94-113. Print

Hospital, Clifford. “Towards maturity in inter-faith dialogue” Cross Currents 57.3 (2007): 356-365. Print.

Jablon, Rachel Leah. “Witnessing as Shivah; Memoir as Yizkor: The Formulation of Holocaust Survivor Literature as Gemilut Khasadim ” Journal of Popular Culture 38.2 (2004): 306-324. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on The Relationship between Eliezer and His Father specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Misco, Thomas.””Nobody told us about what happened”: the current state of holocaust education in Romania. ”International Education 38.1 (2008): 6-21. Print.

Spector, Karen. “God on the Gallows: Reading the Holocaust through Narratives of Redemption ” Research in the Teaching of English 42.1 (2007): 7-55. Print.


Policies to Reduce Emissions Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help

The global climatic change has become one of the major concerns among many nations. This is because of the human and industrial activities that have continued to make negative impact on the climate. Countries therefore ought to formulate policies that reduce the effects of negative externalities such as emissions (Montgomery, 1972). The following are some of the policies that could be used to reduce emissions.

Countries can use taxation policies where taxes would be imposed on industries for every given quantity of carbon emitted. This would discourage the companies from excessive use of processes which would be of negative impact in the environment (Joseph, 2004). This would work out if the cost of avoiding emissions would be less than the cost of paying the tax associated with the emissions.

The other policy could be setting a ceiling on the amount of emissions that companies should produce. The governments can then sell allowances to companies which want to exceed the ceiling prices (Joseph, 2004). The advantage of this is that companies that can buy as many allowances as possible. This would ensure controlled emissions for the set safety valve prices.

Taxation policy would work out perfectly because companies exist mainly to make money. One of the determinants of the mode of operation is the associated. If the cost of avoiding tax would be less than the cost of paying the tax associated with the emissions, companies would choose to produce without the emissions and thus reduce their operating costs (Montgomery, 1972).

Setting of ceiling amount of emissions after which companies purchase allowances would be effective since the companies would want to reduce their emissions as much as possible. This would as a result ensure that the emission is controlled.

The introduction of emission taxes would mean that Companies that produce at high level of emissions would pay higher taxes and this would result in more revenue to the government. This money could be used by the government to fight the negative effects of emissions.

The benefit of setting tax ceiling is that companies that have high levels of emission purchase more allowance than the companies that have less emissions (Joseph, 2004). By purchasing the allowances companies would pay for the amount that they emit therefore pay for their environmental pollution.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The cost of tax ceiling would be relatively cheap. This is because what the government would need to do is set an agency that would monitor the amount of emissions by companies. Most governments have already set environmental management authorities and what remains is just to empower these agencies to monitor the emission.

The cost of setting the emission ceiling would be relatively manageable as well. However, some companies could opt to shift their operations to other countries where there are no such regulations. This would highly cost countries in terms of employments and tax revenues.

The decision on the best level of emission reduction would be the challenge since most of the emission is directly disposed to the atmosphere. A government could however enact regulations that require companies to measure the amount of gas they emit before emitting. This measurement could be linked with the regulating agencies system so as to monitor in real time the amount of emission per day. This would therefore be computed using the set rates to determine the amount of reduction.

Imports and Exports Imports are basically goods and services that are bought from other countries for the purposes of consumption or resale. Exports are goods and services that are sold to other countries (David, 1974). The importance of imports and exports is that countries that do not have local production of particular goods are able to consume these goods through importing them. As such they also export to countries that do not produce the goods that they produce.

A common example of imported commodity is petroleum. Not many countries in the world produce petroleum. This makes them to import the product. An example of a company that deals with the importation of petroleum is Total Co. Ltd which imports and markets oil and oil products in many countries. An example of a company that exports products is the General Motors. This is the world’s largest car maker which is based in the United States of America and has operations in over 100 countries of the world.

The advantage of buying imported commodities is that they offer competition to the locally produced commodities. This competition leads to price reduction thus enabling consumers to purchase products at low prices (Peter


Aristotle and Relationship at Work: Outline Essay college essay help online

Introduction Aristotle’s works have been perceived to be the framework of most disciplines in modern science. His views on civic relationships have been extensive, considering they highlight different issues such as happiness, virtues, deliberation, justice, friendship (and other related issues).

These aspects of civic relationship form the framework of this study. However, emphasis will be given to the workplace context and more specifically to issues that define a good workplace environment. Aristotle’s ideas on civic relationship will also be contrasted with the notions of the best places to work.

Aristotle and Relationship at Work Aristotle explains that friendship forms a normative framework for the practice of citizenship but in explaining this fact, he outlines three factors that define human friendship. These factors are hinged on the concepts of “like”, “use” or “pleasant”. Aristotle is of the view that people develop friendships because they like one another, they perceive someone to be useful, or because a partner is pleasant to be around with.

In explaining the concept of “like”, Aristotle explains that people develop friendships based on common likings or love for one thing. In this context, two people can therefore spend time together and do things, which manifest their values. The concepts of “use” and “pleasantry” are explained from the assumption that friendships should be satisfying and must expose a strong sense of goodwill among the parties involved. Relationships built on gaining advantages alone are therefore not sustainable.

In explaining how the concept of virtue is essential in civic relationships, Aristotle’s highlights two factors. First, Aristotle says that virtue can be categorized in two levels. The first level appeals to a part of the human soul that focuses on reason (able to formulate reason) while the second part appeals to the part of the human soul that follows reason.

Focusing on the human intellect, Aristotle explains that the human intellect is categorized into a section that appeals to theoretical reason and a section that appeals to practical reason. Aristotle therefore explains that people have the capability to be ethically virtuous but good moral ethics mainly develop from merging practical wisdom and proper habits.

Close to the understanding of virtues is Aristotle’s view on happiness. Aristotle explains that human happiness stands at the core of our being but by extension, it is a goal in itself. However, Aristotle also explains that the ability to be happy mainly rests within us. Though people have the ability to be happy, Aristotle explains that happiness is mainly a product of our virtues. Virtues are also explained as the middle-point of two extremes, which border on the quest for sensual pleasure and the pressure that comes from harsh asceticism.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Aristotle’s view on deliberation stems from the fact that deliberation is a means to uncover our acts, and a tool for determining our goals. Aristotle equates a good person to be a person who is open to deliberation. Similarly, Aristotle does not shy away from further explaining the concept of deliberation as a product of rational inquiry. From this understanding, Aristotle perceives deliberation to be an important component of fostering good relationships among people because the openness to deliberation produces good people.

Finally, in understanding civic relationships, Aristotle explains the concept of justice as being two-fold. The first component of justice is particular justice while the second component of justice is general justice. General Justice exists in an ideal world where different aspects of universality are practiced.

Particular justice exists where justice is dispensed, depending on the circumstances of the time. Researchers who recommend the inclusion of an educated judge in solving workplace conflicts have cited Aristotle’s works because Aristotle explains that educated judges could correctly implement particular justice. From this understanding, it is correct to say that Aristotle prefers particular justice to general justice. This component of Aristotle’s view on justice is applicable in solving conflicts among colleagues.

Best Places to Work The best places to work are explained by the quality of employee relationships in the workplace. This statement emphasizes the importance of Aristotle’s views on civic relationships because through his analysis, he exposes the factors that determine the realization of quality relationships. This statement also disputes the common held belief that the best places to work are where successful programs and benefits are realized in the workplace environment.

The best places to work must exhibit characteristics of enjoyment, trust and pride. However, trust is highlighted as the most important component to the realization of “best places to work” environments. Usually, the concept of trust is explained as trusting the employers as opposed to the employees.

The lack of trust in relationships has far-reaching implications because it affects the nature and quality of human relationships. For instance, if an employer is known to cheat his employees, it is only natural that the employees question the truthfulness of any promise the employer makes.

The same example can be flipped to expose how employee distrust may interfere with the employer-employee relationship. Say, an employee has a poor reputation of keeping deadlines; it is very difficult for the employer to trust the employee to deliver urgent reports in time. From this understanding alone, it is correct to conclude that trust works both ways (employer to employee) in the organization.

We will write a custom Essay on Aristotle and Relationship at Work: Outline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The concept of enjoyment and pride can be used to explain the motivation behind people’s contribution to the organization. Motivation has been ordinarily cited in human resource literature as vital to employee productivity but at the center of this narration is the importance of enjoyment and pride.

These two concepts are vital in the understanding of employee relationships because it is established that good employee relationships are often realized when employees find pleasure in associating with one another, or being part of a common cause (like working for a common organization/employer).

It is therefore established that it is difficult to provide a good environment for employees to work if the employees do not find pleasure in working for the employer (or if the employees do not enjoy working with one another). In fact, the lack of enjoyment in an organization is cited as a common factor for increased employee turnover. Consequently, there is enough evidence to suggest that employee enjoyment is a primary cause for increased employee retention.

This attribute touches on the social nature of human relationships and by extension; it exposes the agility of improved social relationships in boosting organizational performance. If employees find pleasure through association, the overall workplace morale can be easily improved and equally, it is easy to establish a vibrant environment for increased employee productivity.

It is only through this enjoyment that employees can find pride in associating with one another or with the employer. It is therefore almost impossible to find employees who find pride through association and do not enjoy associating with other people in the workplace. The organizational environment is therefore primarily a product of the quality of employer-employee relationships (or employee-employee relationships) because all other factors in the organization are subject to these two relationships.

Therefore, in evaluating the best environments for work, a careful emphasis should be given to analyze the social relationships existing in the workplace environment. Similarly, it is important to analyze the quality of trust, enjoyment and pride in ascertaining the quality of workplace environments.

Comparison of Aristotle’s Views and the Concept of Best Places to Work Successful workplaces are where the virtues of trust, pride and enjoyment are effectively realized. These three virtues underlie the framework for successful employee relationships because without them, it is impossible to realize synergy or cohesion in the workplace.

Trust is usually a double-edged sword where people who trust one another are often expected to be trusted back. Much like respect, employees quantify the degree of trust depending on the quality of their relationships not only with themselves but also with the management. The concept of trust mainly emphasizes the concepts of friendship and justice as explained by Aristotle.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Aristotle and Relationship at Work: Outline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Analyzing the concept of friendship, Aristotle explains that mutually satisfying friendships are realized where there is no party that unfairly benefits from another. The concept of goodwill is also highlighted in this analysis where both parties are supposed to express genuine goodwill with one another. Trust is easily manifested in such relationships. However, if such relationships do not exhibit goodwill, there will be distrust among the parties involved.

The same analysis also applies to the concept of justice as explained by Aristotle because Aristotle identifies that particular justice is preferable because it resonates with the varying facts of the moment. The realization of proper justice can therefore only be realized when this justice is realized but most importantly, it is important to highlight that people will only expect good justice when they trust the arbitrator. If they do not trust the judge (for example), they would not believe in justice.

The concept of pride is also identified to be central to the realization of a good workplace environment and almost explicitly, it emphasizes Aristotle’s concept of happiness. Aristotle says that happiness is a goal in its nature (through the realization of this goal, we are essentially happy). However, it is impossible to ignore the fact that happiness is a source of pride. Therefore, when employees are truly happy, they are bound to derive satisfaction in what they do. This satisfaction manifests in pride.

Almost, conjointly, pride and enjoyment go hand-in-hand because employees who find pride in what they do enjoy what they do (as well). Enjoyment is also explained in the context of finding pleasure in working with other people in the office. Again, Aristotle’s remarks on friendship cannot be ignored in this case because he explains that one core pillar of forging good friendships among employees is deriving pleasure in associating with some people.

Conclusion After weighing the findings of this study, it is correct to say that Aristotle’s remarks outline the important frameworks needed to realize the best workplace environments.

However, Aristotle highlights the importance of establishing productive friendships (by working with other people in the organization) as the main factor needed in establishing a good workplace environment. Comprehensively, we can establish that Aristotle predicts the quality of good workplace relationships by outlining the fundamental principles of productive employee relations.


Effects of a Parental Death on Younger Children Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Introduction One of the most common traumas that a child can suffer from is death of a parent. Parental death is a major risk faced by young children especially from poorer countries. Parental death affects both boys and girls. The major consequences of orphanhood on young children are disruption to their studies.

It is evident from studies that have been carried out that this problem is specific to countries with high AIDS pandemic. Studies also show that there is a relationship between the school outcomes of children in poverty and orphanhood. Case (2004) outlines two reasons why there is a relationship between the school outcomes of children on one hand and poverty and orphanhood on the other.

An orphan who lives in poor households may not control household wealth and as a result, the researcher found some degree of causation. Secondly, if death of parents is very common among the poor households, then such a condition that is based on unobserved feature like the parents` HIV status is likely to affect the educational outcome of children.

Ardington (2006), states that orphanhood negatively affects children’s’ outcome. Yamano and Jayne (2005) state that the negative outcome of orphanhood is only restricted to poor children. Adults give priority to their children in relation to the orphans regardless of whether they are living in a well off household or not.

Case and Ardington (2006) found out that the majority of the maternal orphans who lived in the same house but their mothers were still alive had a 0.2 less years of schooling, although there was no major disparity in enrollment in school. Gertler (2004) found out that 50% of school dropouts are orphans, additionally there are no gender disparities based either on the deceased parent or on the child.

Adverse Consequences of Parental Death on Young Children Effects on Human Capital

In the modern world, education (human capital), exclusively relies on financial resources. This has serious implications for children with no parents. The death of a father, a mother or both implies lower accumulation of human capital for the orphaned children as they lack sponsors to finance their educational expenses (Gertler, 2004). Ainsworth and Filmer (2006) found out that the adverse consequences of parental absence on an orphan’s education are limited to specific countries.

They also warned against prescribing traditional interventions like to subsidize school fees in order to increase the level of school enrollment. Apart from educational disruptions, orphanhood adversely affects the health of children. According to Gertler (2004), it is significant for one to examine the future impacts of orphanhood. It is also very vital to examine whether orphanhood affects the child for entire life or affects the outcome of the child’s education over a short period of time.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In a study by Beegle (2007), he examined the long run consequences of orphanhood on children aged of between 6-15 years. Research shows that paternal orphanhood does not have any prolonged impacts; however, maternal orphanhood indicates that children usually have one-year lower attainment.

The impacts of paternal and maternal death on young children are premised on the child’s health, school enrollment and educational attainment of the child in comparison to adverse poverty. The effects of loosing a parent on child development depends on whether it is the father or the mother who died and when this happened and the age of the child at that time. Studies carried out with adults and children from five communities indicates that losing a parent is seen to be a major threat to the well being of the child.

Studies carried out in Indonesia at junior, secondary and primary level indicate that the rate of male child’s enrollment at school is relatively lower than the females. In developing countries, the rate of school enrollment at both levels is high among the poor and this is attributed to the compulsory learning programs established by the government. Losing a mother between the age of 8-15 years adversely affect the education outcomes as compared to when the mother is alive.

Children drop out of school because of lack of economic support from their parents. Fathers’ death may affect the schooling of children if he was the breadwinner of the family. For instance, a family where a husband is a doctor and the wife is a housewife operating no business in case the husband passed on the wife may find it difficult to raise her children’s school fees and as a result, children drop out of school.

Emotional distress

One of the most common traumas that a child can suffer is the death of a parent. Statistics for orphaned children is surprising. According to Hunter and Williamson (2000), for every ten African children below 15 years, one has lost either one or both parents. An orphaned child is deprived of love, values, nurturing, discipline and information.

Furthermore, the child undergoes serious emotional distress given that parents are the sole breadwinners in a household, their death results in a drastic reduction of incomes limiting the household`s ability to offer the basic material for the well being for the orphaned children.

Psychological Problems

Orphanhood has equally been linked to psychological problems. A survey done in Rakai district by Sengendo and Nambi (1997) indicates that the orphaned children could happily and easily remember those times when they were still in the family cared by the parents, and all the details of their parent’ death.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Effects of a Parental Death on Younger Children specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Majority of the children were no longer optimistic with life when it dawned on them that their parents were ill, in addition, they felt helpless and sad. For those who were adopted, majority of them felt depressed and angry. There are various emotional issues that orphaned children undergo in life with very little done at any given level to breach the gap of the emotional support created.

Children like adults are saddened by the death of their parents. However, in most cases failure to recognize the full impact because they may not fully understand the finality of death quickly. As a result, they fail to undergo through the process of grieving required to fully recover from the loss.

Social Changes

Similarly, when parents die, the children are exposed to major social changes in their lives. The changes may take various dimensions that includes for instance relocating from their upper or middle class urban home to a poor and remote relative`s home.

Since siblings are taken by different relatives or orphan homes, it means the children have to be separated; this is worsened by the fact that the orphaned children are usually divided among the relatives without regard to their specific personal needs and requirements. For the children who opt not to move with the relatives or those who have no relative to go to, it may mark the beginning of child headed households as they are forced to live on their own.

Even under rare conditions where the child is adopted by a well to do household, little or no attention is given to the orphaned child because these households will always give the orphans the last priority. This is supported by evidenced from Case and Ardingtomn (2006), who found that a child, whose mother died but stays in a family with children having their mothers, will have a 20 percent, reduced chance of completed education.

According to the Suryadarma, Pakpahan and Suryahadi (2009), these social changes can significantly affect both the psychological and physical well-being of the affected children. These changes frequently lead to stressful conditions as the child faces new constraints and demands.

Poor Educational Outcomes and Poverty

In a study by Case, Paxson and Ableidinger (2004), they found out that there is a high degree of correlation between orphanhood, children’s outcomes and poverty. This is attributed to the following factors; to begin with, orphaned children have a high probability of staying in poor households, such household can hardly afford to give them descent education, resulting in poor educational outcomes and a continuation of the poverty cycle.

The second reason is the argument that if the majority of the deceased parents are from poor households, then it is highly likely that similar but unobserved characteristics will equally affect their children. From the findings of Ardington (2006) and Case et al. (2004) orphans registered lower enrollment rates.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Effects of a Parental Death on Younger Children by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Lack of Parental Care

Lack of care is correlated with parental death and it is a high risk of psychopathology. This emphasis explains the long-term effects associated with the death of parents. The children feel burdened and neglected by their caretakers because of the changes in the home environment as a result of the loss of their parents. According to the study carried out children complained about the deficient care provided by their caregivers. Most of these children portrayed characteristics of acute grief.

Effects of Grief and Loss

Following the demise of their parents, children find it difficult dealing to accept the fact that their parents have died this makes most of them to be shocked. Children get emotionally disturbed and as a result, most of them lack sleep, lose appetite and are always depressed. The level at which children grief is dependent on the demise of their parents and the gender if the child as well as the relationship that the child had with both parents (surviving and the deceased).

Effects of Orphanhood on Educational Outcomes

Parental death is perceived to be among the major threats on a child`s development. These effects are different depending on whether it is the mother or the father who died and the age of the child when the parents died.

Losing a mother at the age of between 8-12 years has a negative impact on educational outcomes compared to if the mother is still alive. It is indicated that when one lose a mother, the level of enrollment is reduced by about 21% and this contributes to high levels of illiteracy for instance children cannot write and read. Death of a father has a similar outcome on the child’s education.

Effects on an Individual

Parental death affects an individual especially if one of the parents dies this is attributed to the fact that after the death of a parent, the surviving parent has to play a big role in performing his duties as a single parent as well as providing needs for the child.

The manner in which the single parent will meet his obligations will determine how the child will adapt to changes in life and his adaptation to the death of one parent. In such a case, the child will require three things to enable him cope up with the death of one of the parents: continuity, nurturing and support.

Effect on Health This will estimate the results of parental death on the child’s health basing on body mass index, weight for height z- score, weight for age z-score, height for age z-score and stunting and wasting. Research indicates that children with one deceased parent are the same in terms of health status compared to those who lack parents. Additionally, reduction in the level of education and health is more likely to occur because of death of the parent.

For instance, studies carried out in Indonesia and Mexico indicates that most adults between 18 and 60 die from unexpected diseases. Higher rates of deaths in Mexico are caused by the following diseases: tumors (5.8%), diabetes (11.3%), pulmonary infections (3.6%), heart diseases (10.3%), homicide (2.3%), there is a reduction in the health of the child if the parent dies because energy, parental time and economic resources are diminished to cure the diseases.

Death of parents affects the health of the child. Young children between 0-6 months whose mothers have died suffered from malnutrition. For instance if a mother dies and had a 2 month old child ,this child is likely to suffer malnutrition because at such an age the child depends mainly on breastfeeding and the care givers may not be in a position to feed the child appropriately. Lack of proper feeding may result in malnutrition diseases.

Parental Death and School Entry

Death of a parent may decrease the levels of investments in the child’s education and school entry. Children whose parents have died are less likely to join school in comparison to the non-bereaved. Maternal death has a great negative effect to a child’s enrollment in school and compared to parental death, which has no effect.


Parental death has adverse effects on young children. Studies carried out indicate that paternal death has less effect on the child’s health and education in comparison to maternal death. From the studies analyzed it is clear that orphaned children undergo serious challenges ranging from educational, psychological, mental and physical health. However, several may be adopted to help protect the orphaned children.

State governments can for instance come up with policies directing towards offering the needed financial and moral support to the orphans. Programs aimed at helping the orphans are important partly because they reduce the moral hazard problems that affect majority of the anti poverty initiatives. If adequate safety nets are put in place. This analysis concludes that parental death reduces not only the health and educational outcomes but equally affects them socially and psychologically.

List of References Case, A.


My Relationship with Time and Its Effect on Happiness Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

The question about my relationship to time and happiness, I feel totally confused. On the one hand, I agree that those who wake up early have a possibility to complete more things; however, on the other hand, those people who likes to go to bed later and to sleep more in the morning they just cannot be happy waking up in the early morning.

Our lives consist of the present moments and chances that we should use. But, isn’t it the same if one gets up early, but goes to sleep also early and one sleeps in the morning but awake until the midnight or late? Both persons are able to accomplish the same range of things, being in a good mood and have a lot of energy. It is obvious that all people are different when it goes about the biological and diurnal rhythm. Therefore, I think that one can be happy, satisfied and full of energy only in case if one lives according to one’s rhythm.

Eventually, I think that it is necessary to use time correctly, to sleep well and to work in the most productive hours. In the article “Be Happier: Wake Up Earlier” Rubin says, “if I want to feel happy, calm, energetic, and mentally sharp, I must get enough sleep” (Rubin, “Be Happier: Wake Up Earlier”). Obviously, such statement is absolutely correct. However, I disagree with author when he talks about the advantage to get up early.

Rubin says that he gets up at 6 am would like to do it at 5 am. I can conclude that his job includes the early working hours; therefore he can back home early and sleep. Such schedule is absolutely unacceptable for those who have the night shifts or works after lessons. Moreover, students usually spend more time studying and working even in case if they have to go to university in the morning. And it is wrong to insist that such schedule makes them unhappy. It is just the circumstances that require the particular rhythm.

Also, Rubin asserts that to think about time is “one of the great challenges of a happiness project” (“Be Happier: Wake Up Earlier”). For Rubin, time is a master who can dictate the regulations. As for me, time is a worker that should be used in the most appropriate, adequate and effective way.

Obviously, Rubin is right saying that the structure of our day reflects our interests, physical characteristics, temp of life and a field of activity. He emphasizes an importance of changing of a shift in order to make a day different. Eventually he concludes that only that schedule is right which is good for a particular person. In this position, I totally agree with Rubin. Sometimes it can be helpful to change day-schedule and rhythm. However, it is important to make sure that such change is good for one’s health and ability to work or study.

For me, it is always hard to get up early. Although I have to study starting from the morning to accomplish a lot of work, I cannot compel myself to get up earlier and immediately. After all, it is the best moment when I can lie in a bed and think about all good moments that a new day will provide. However, it is better to get up fast and to prepare myself to university.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hodgkinson say that from the early childhood parent starts a brainwashing process commanding children to get out from bed (2007, p. 2). On the one hand, such methods are helpful and teach children do not waste time. However, on the other hand, it can be bad for health if one needs to neglect one’s biological rhythm. Nevertheless, in case of pupils, parents do it right. Or how else they can convince their children do not be idle? Everyone should understand a real value of every second.

Perhaps, such statement sounds pathosly, it is absolutely true. A successful person knows how to allocate one’s time and how to use it in the most effective way. Obviously, it is impossible to be happy staying in a bed and simply being idle. Form my personal experience, I know that it is absolutely possible to change the rhythm according to my needs and working schedule. Although it may be complicated at the beginning, however, the eventual result is worth to subject one’s body to be under such pressure.

Hodgkinson discusses about the historical attitude of people to sleep and idleness. Concluding that naturally people always behave in the same way, being lazy and idle, he suggest a great method for those who can hardly wake up early (2007, p. 4). He says that one should prepare a cup of coffee and set the alarm half an hour before one has to get up.

When alarm triggers, one drinks coffee and goes to sleep again. After half an hour one will be awake due to the work of caffeine. I think that everyone should take this method into account. Obviously, not all of us can plane daily schedule according to the biological rhythm. Therefore, it is necessary to train body and mind to work in the concrete time needed for the work or study.

Looking at the human life time, I agree with all statements that our life is worth to use every second with mind. Happy person is not the one who stays in bed all day long without any reason. Many times I heard how people complain about a lack of time. The cause of such situation is an idleness and unwillingness to get out from bed fast. However, it is also highly important to take into consideration that every person has one’s own biological rhythm that implies the most effective working hours.

In case if one needs to work early or vice verse at night hours, it is possible to use some methods in order to train one’s body and mind. Evidentially, happiness is a deep essence that cannot be conditional by time only. However, the discussion about happiness always involves the reflections about time. Every century dictates its rules and the distinctive feature of our century is a high speed of life.

This situation should motivate everyone who wants to achieve the results and develop one’s life. Therefore, if one wants to be in time, it is necessary to use this time accordingly. Obviously, the correct and appropriate use of time is an important issue that can help everyone to be in a good mood, full of energy and ready to work hard in order to achieve the outstanding results, to be successful and respected person.

We will write a custom Essay on My Relationship with Time and Its Effect on Happiness specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Hodgkinson, T. (2007). How to be Idle: A Loafer’s Manifesto. US: HarperCollins.

Rubin, G. (n.d.). Be Happier: Wake Up Earlier. Retrieved from


Ship of Theseus and Personal Identity Expository Essay essay help online free

The Ship of Theseus will always be the same. This is due to some reasons. Correlation between identity and change in the world of idealistic field of metaphysics might appear easy but there are some complexities. Whenever an object transforms, it always changes in a certain way.

For instance, a child develops to something different implying that it transforms in terms of size and age. For reptiles such as snakes, they shed their skins. Both the child and the snake remain the same in one way or another. Therefore, properties of an object determine its shape. For illustrative purposes, an item A changes with regard to property B. This could only take place when an object A has property B but at later stage B does not have A.

Regarding the Ship of Theseus, the ship changed a lot but it remained the same in terms of its properties. It is the same thing with human life. People change from childhood to mid-adulthood and further to old age. An individual remains the same irrespective of whether he or she is at childhood, mid-adulthood or old age.

The Ship of Theseus could have changed in size and shape but it still had some characteristics that distinguished it from other ships. What happened to the ship was mere refurbishment. The ship could have changed completely if the owner decided to destroy it and use the materials to construct something different that does not look like a ship. The concept of recreation vs. destruction is applied explaining this case.

The ship cannot be any different because it has all parts that the previous ship had. In case the changes are taken seriously, things would be different whenever we view them for the second time. This would mean that any slight change in properties of an object would affect its existence. Therefore, it is true that properties should be explained in terms of time.

Indeed, they are indexed to time. A property is temporarily indexed meaning that it is subject to change. According to Leibniz, the ship is the same at all times (Browne 182). This is because ship A has properties that would be found in ship B. On the other hand, ship B has properties that could have been found in ship A. In this case, the common property is the mast. Ships A and B have indexes that are temporary.

Irrespective of philosophical theories applied, the Ship of Theseus would always remain the same. Endurantist theory holds that an object will always be the same throughout its history. At each moment in history, the object exists with all its properties. Perdurantist theory on the other hand would claim that objects are four-dimensional entities, which comprises of a sequence of temporal parts (Graves 445). An object is likened to a movie.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If someone recollected all boards that had been discarded and reassembled them by adding the original sail and mast then the person would still have the Ship of Theseus. Even the ship that had been sailing continuously is still the Ship of Theseus. The real meaning of the word ‘same’ depends on the context. For illustration, the original ship will be assigned letter X, the ship that had been sailing continuously would be labeled as Y while the assembled ship will be branded letter Z.

In case the original ship was to be demanded by the original owner because of one reason or another, ship Z would be given to him or her. It would be illegal to give the owner ship Y. It is therefore true to argue that ships X, Y and Z are the same. Ship Y belongs to a different owner because the first owner did not take part in producing it. Materials used in making the second ship that is, Y, have the same features as those used in making both X and Z. Part or whole of Z is the same as X.

In fact, the materials used to construct Z are the same as those used in manufacturing X. This does not mean that Y is different. For further illustration, materials used in making ship Y might be changed but the crew remains the same. The crew might as well be transferred to work in ships X and Z.

The issue of ‘sameness’ is a matter of convention. There are some factors that people consider before declaring something to be the same with another. Two things might be declared the same based on one principle. For the Ship of Theseus, X was the same as Y because materials used in constructing them had the same characteristics.

Equally, Y could be said to be the same as Z in terms of properties. Conversely, X and Z are said to be the same because materials from X were used in manufacturing Z. The three ships are also the same because the same crew can operate them.

In conclusion, the problem of personal identity is related to change. An elderly person in his or her late 80s was the same person when he or she was in his or her early 20s.

Works Cited Browne, Ray. Objects of Special Devotion: Fetishism in Popular Culture. New York, NY: Popular Press, 1982. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on Ship of Theseus and Personal Identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Graves, Robert. The Golden Fleece. London: Hutchinson, 1983. Print.


Ethnographic research Essay essay help free: essay help free

Ethnographic research is aimed at understanding the main cultural peculiarities of the specific society with the purpose to understand their relations inside the society and with other cultures and societies.

Considering Margaret Mead’s ethnography, Coming of Age in Samoa, it is possible to say that dwelling upon that society she paid much attention to religion, education, upbringing and relation to each other within a family, the peculiarities of the temperament on the citizens of Samoan and the peculiarities of the development of the relationships of the adolescents between each other, their consideration of the surrounding world and other aspects.

Looking at the ethnographic research conducted by Margaret Mead, it is possible to say that the modern research should be conducted by means of using other methods and techniques due to the change of the situation in the world, political and economical changes, etc. Therefore, it may be stated that in comparison to Margaret Mead’s research, I would conduct my ethnography in Samoa differently nowadays.

Considering the possible techniques used for ethnographic research, it is important to remember the processual analysis discussed by Rosaldo (1993: 93). However, this is not the way for considering modern situation as the process is less important than the system which may be more informative.

Dominguez also believes that the consideration of the ethnography of the country is impossible without understanding the cultural peculiarities, legal aspects, social and political issues, etc. Thus, the system of the research should be implicated apart from the processual exploration.

Considering the problems which rise before modern Samoan adolescent boys and girls, it is important to conduct the ethnographic research using the systematic approach when different aspects of cultural and social life of the subjects are considered.

Before dwelling upon the particular methods for ethnographic research, it is important to understand which factors impact the development of the adolescents in Samoan and only then get down to the consideration of the Samoan ethnography. The current situation in the country is as follows.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The population in Samoan is reduced because of the migration of the country citizens to New Zealand, Australia, and the US. It is possible to predict that social and financial problems make people leave the places they were born and brought up. The very weak economy consisting of the tuna cannery (StarKist) is also influential. People want to have the financial stability, but its absence makes people change the place of their leaving and have other specific impacts of adolescents.

The country has a large service sector (tourism) and the public sector; and the unemployment rate is extremely high, raging from 25 to 30% depending on the region. Thus, it is possible to say that conducting ethnographic research and applying to different methods and techniques, it is important to remember about high impact of social and financial issues on the country development.

Conducting the ethnographic research of Samoan boys and girls I would consider the changes which have happened in the country for several decades. The changes have occurred and it is impossible to contradict this idea. Additionally, it is important to consider the sex differences, if any.

The consideration of the religious aspects is going to become the center of the research attention. More attention should be paid to language as the change of the language and the religious aspects may dwell upon the change of the impact on the nation and as a result the ethnography results may be interesting.

The changes of the attitude to religions and the language change may tell about the impact of another country on the life in Samoan. The ability to prove this aspect is rather significant for the researcher, thus, the historical documentation should be considered along with modern observations. The change of the territory density should be considered.

Thus, it may be obvious that the reduction of the population in one particular region may offer some particular reasons for citizens’ immigration to New Zealand, Australia, and the US. The language may be considered in the historical documents and compared and contrasted with the language used in media. The problems concerning the sex differences should also be considered as they may be important in understanding the social changes.

Coming closer to the discussion questions and trying to make sure that he correct strategy for research is used, the personal presence should be considered as the primary technique. Thus, being in the place which is going to be considered as long as possible should be one of the main instruments. The researcher is to observe the place having drawn some conclusions. However, the observation should not be considered as the most important aspect.

We will write a custom Essay on Ethnographic research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The researcher should make mapping, interviewing, and documentation as the primary instruments of the research. It is important to compare and contrast the results of the current research with the results of the research conducted previously or with the documents which depict the situation which was several years ago. The comparing and contrasting practice will allow the ethnographer to understand the changes which have happened in the society and as a result may follow the changes in the cultural and social spheres.

Focusing attention at one particular aspect, for example sex and the attitude to life, Margaret Mead tries to do all possible to consider only this aspect. However, living in the modern world and conducting ethnographic research under the current circumstances, it is impossible to consider the problem of sex from one singular perspective. It is important to consider the problem from different angles involving various situations and different aspects in its discussion.

Thus, while considering sex and the attitude to life in Samoan, it sis important to check social and political preferences, religious and family priorities, etc. It is important to understand that people are social beings and considering the ethnography of their lives, it is important to do it systematically as only the system may show the whole picture of the changes which have occurred and as a result help the research draw the correct conclusions.

Thus, the ethnographic researchers are to be conducted in complex and according to system. Having considered the Margaret Mead’s ethnography, Coming of Age in Samoa, it was concluded that the modern conditions dictate some particular rules for research conduction.

Conducting an ethnographic research devoted to Samoan adolescent boys and/or girls, it is important to consider the changes which have occurred in the society and try to apply those changes to others. Additionally, one should understand that in case the changes are too obvious, it does not mean that a thorough research with the personal presence should not be conducted.

Works Cited Dominguez, Virginia. Invoking Culture: The Messyb side of “Cultural Politics”. South Atlantic: Duke University Press, 1992. Print.

Mead, Margaret. Coming of Age in Samoa. New York: The American Museum of National History, 1793. Print.

Rosaldo, Renaro. Culture and Truth: The Remaking of Social Analysis. Boston MA: Beacon, 1993. Print.

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Graffiti as a Complex Social Interaction Problem Essay college application essay help

Graffiti is one of the most prevalent social interaction problems in the United States today. It is a form of vandalism and a crime. Some people consider graffiti as an art. However, art is done with the property owner’s permission. Graffiti is a complex social interaction problem that costs a lot of money in cleaning and damages private and public property.

If graffiti writing is allowed to continue, it will encourage more vandalism and disorder and this will lead to more serious crimes such as homicide, assaults, burglary, rape, and vehicle theft. Graffiti is considered a crime and anyone found guilty is prosecuted (Arrington 67).

People write graffiti for various reasons. Some people use it as an expression of art. However, graffiti is vandalism and requires the authorization of the property owner. Others use graffiti for tagging. The writer draws or writes a representation of their names in order to get attention.

Gang members also use graffiti to communicate with each other. They can use graffiti to mark their territory or promote their illegal activities like selling drugs. Others write graffiti to communicate their opinions about other people. Most of these remarks are directed to a particular individual or organization and can either be insulting or giving praise to that person. Some people see graffiti as the only way to convey their feelings and express themselves (Rahn 204).

Graffiti has several negative impacts on the community’s environmental, social, and economic sectors. People have negative perceptions about the safety of neighborhoods with a lot of graffiti and therefore it lessens the community’s social interaction. Moreover, graffiti reduces the value of properties and costs the citizens a lot of money in cleaning it up. Graffiti also impacts negatively on businesses and tourism.

People are reluctant to go to places where there is a lot of graffiti as they do not feel safe. Graffiti destroys property including historical monuments. Graffiti can also compromise the safety of road users when written on traffic signs, thus blocking out the message. Some surfaces absorb the paint used to write graffiti and therefore become permanently damaged. Others can get damaged during the cleaning process (Arrington 67).

Fighting graffiti can only be successful if the entire community is engaged. Citizens can help reduce the problem of graffiti by reporting the cases they witness to the police so that the perpetrators can be prosecuted. Graffiti can also be prevented by lighting up streets and installing surveillance cameras to scare away the perpetrators.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Parents can also help in identifying if their children are taggers because mostly they will have graffiti in their rooms, shoes, and other belongings. They also write graffiti on books. Possession of spray paint is also another sign. Before removing the graffiti, the citizens are advised to take photos so that the law enforcement agencies can be able to charge for the crime.

Citizens are advised to remove the graffiti after reporting in order to prevent the paint from getting absorbed completely destroying the surface. Removing the graffiti will also discourage the perpetrators. People should not post graffiti in places like social websites because the taggers will get the attention that they wanted, and will be motivated to continue committing the crime (Arrington 68)

Works Cited Arrington, Rick. Crime Prevention: The Law Enforcement Officer’s Practical Guide. USA: Jones


A Social Interaction Problem in the USA Essay college admission essay help

Social problems can be simply defined as those problems, which affect the society in addition to the person who falls victim. That is, they are problems that occur outside the limits of personal problems. As such, it is not possible for these problems to be solved by an individual alone since they normally require the intervention of every individual in the society. One such problem is the issue of teenage pregnancy that is currently being experienced in most parts of the world.

In America, the issue of teenage pregnancy has proved to be a social problem given the alarming rates of teenage pregnancy being experienced in the nation. Statistics have indicated that about one million teenagers in America get pregnant each year (Gillham 13).

This is to mean that approximately one out every four teenagers in America is pregnant or has a child. These rates have proved to be the highest in the Western world. From this, it can be clearly depicted that teenage pregnancy is a critical issue facing the United States of America.

Teenage pregnancy is a social interaction problem because of the burden that the society faces as a result of this problem. First, teenage pregnancy in most cases occurs to girls below the age of twenty years. At this age, the girl is normally expected to be pursuing their studies in high school or college. However, when the girl becomes pregnant, chances of going on with their studies are normally minimal (Kaplan).

This is because of the fact that the child becomes a burden to the teenage mother hence preventing her from completing her studies. This teenage girl eventually becomes semi-illiterate and it becomes difficult to get a job with their level of education. The pregnancy eventually makes the teenage girl depend on the society hence a burden on the society. For instance, the government of the United States of America recently states that it spends close to $6.9 billion on the public assistance of teenage pregnancy crisis.

Secondly, the victims of teenage pregnancy normally refrain from interacting with their peers as they did before the pregnancy (Checkland and Wong). Most of the teenage girls who have fallen victim of teenage pregnancy normally feel ashamed and decide to keep to themselves.

As such, teenage pregnancy robs of the teenagers their childhood by making them act as adults while their ages do not allow them to do so. This eventually leads to poor health since they spend most of their time thinking of their situation, which is despised in the society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Having seen at how the problem of teenage pregnancy adversely affects the American society it is important that the preventive and corrective measures be taken in order to help curb this problem. Research conducted in the United States of America has indicated that most of the teenage pregnancies are as a result of lack or poor use of contraceptives (Kaplan).

As such, the government of the United States of America should evolve ways through which the entire public and especially the teenagers will be educated and informed of the contraception methods in order to reduce cases of teenage pregnancies. It is also important that the teenagers be informed of the risks of engaging in pre-marital sex such as risks of being infected with the endless list of sexually transmitted infections/ diseases.

Works Cited Checkland, David and Wong, James. Teen Pregnancy and Parenting: Social and Ethical Issues. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 1999. Print.

Gillham, Bill. The facts about teenage pregnancies. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 1997. Print.

Kaplan, Elaine. Not Our Kind of Girl: Unraveling the Myths of Black Teenage Motherhood. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1997. Print.


Social Interaction Problems Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Social interaction problems often affect all societies, big or small. Even in somewhat secluded and sparsely populated regions, they will experience challenges related to social interactions. The reason for this is because of the fact that every member of certain society staying near each other will have disagreements.

It is almost impracticable to evade them and some people who stay together in the same building or house often do not get along effortlessly. Generally though, if social interaction challenges are talked about, they are likely to denote the problems which affect people staying together in a certain society (Mooney 14).

In United States, some major social interaction problems comprises the increasing gap between rich and poor, joblessness, racism, family violence, and so forth. At times social problems come up when individuals have different views regarding how to solve particular situations such as unexpected pregnancy (Sherif and Brannigan 118). Some people may appear to support abortion to solve the issue, while other members of the society are in apposition to the idea. Different views on how to solve issues generate gaps in social groups.

A perfect example which portrays social interaction is the youths in United States where indeed is reprehensible. United States is renowned as the supporter of expression yet they do not allow youths from expressing themselves by stating that what they will suggest is lewd or degenerated.

United States, which practices diversity and tolerance, has set up some equal and prejudicial set of rules for young citizens which if they defy them they will end up getting punished. Some matters may be noted as a subject of social interaction failure. Hip hop culture, drug misuse, abortion, and gay marriages are some social elements which lag the country from being capable of incorporating and efficiently have Social Interaction with the young citizens (Mooney 14).

However, it is the liability of all members of the society, provided their maturity and knowledge, to appreciate the young people. Rather than continuous disapproval and ridicule, they should permit them to incorporate in their own manner in the social system.

It is also significant that social challenges influence the interaction with communities which can result in international issues or problems. The way in which U.S. are handling the issues of developing country can have impact on the relationship with that country and other countries in the world for years to come (Sherif and Brannigan 118). Although the United States had a great support of creating a Jewish State in Israel, its support generated a huge relationship gaps with some Arabic countries.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Autism is not a particular disorder but a compound set of behaviors which normally surface around age two. Children experiencing autism usually have social interaction challenges and undertake recurring, apparently obsessive routines. In United States, studies carried out by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that around 1 in 100 kids are with Autism, which is far above formerly thought (Sherif and Brannigan 118).

The very state of social interaction problems proposes that the community is the problem itself. There is no country which has created a perfect society where all can freely express themselves and where no social challenges exist. The people themselves are the blockade for this change and as many state that perfection may not be attainable goal.

Works Cited Mooney, Linda. Understanding Social Problems. North Shore: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

Sherif, Muzafer and Augustine Brannigan. Social interaction: process and products. New York: Transaction Publishers, 2011. Print.


What were pilgrims, puritans, separatists, antinomians, and quakers? How did these groups come together in the formation of new england? Essay cheap essay help

Considering the history of New England, one cannot avoid mending such particular groups of people as Pilgrims, Puritans, Separatists, Antinomians, and Quakers. These groups of people were rather influential during different periods of time and contributed to the development of the settlement.

Pilgrims were the first settlers in the region. They came from Britain and being supported by England investors, they established the new colony in North America. Having become one of the most successful English settlements on the territory of America (after the Jamestown, Virginia) Pilgrims played important role in the life of the country searching for religious independence.

Pilgrims were the settlers in the North America which did not want to refuse from their religion and searched for religious freedom. Most of the Pilgrims were Puritans who supported the Reformation. Being refused in some demands in their native country, in Britain, many Puritans went to Europe and some of them settled in the North America.

Having accepted the Reformed theology, the supporters of this new religion developed the religious considerations different from those proclaimed by England church. Having stated that some of the Pilgrims it does not mean that all Pilgrims supported this idea.

Thus, the main difference between Pilgrims and Puritans is that having arrived at the new territory, Pilgrims wanted to save their relations with English church while Puritans did not want to do it and w3anted to refuse for English religion (Daniels 32). Thus, Puritans were the founders of such movements as semi-separatism and moderate Puritanism.

The Separatists were the people who separated from the Church of England and decided to choose their own way in religion. These people wanted to get rid of the impact of the Church of England. They wanted to create the independent church which was not based on the territory, but was guided by human belief. Separatists wanted to make sure that people attend church because they believe in God being sure in God’s domination over state and men.

During this time of Reformation and change Antinomians appeared. These were people who supported the idea that people are to be forgiven on the basis of Gospel and personal penitence, without intrusion of the law or another punishment (Daniels 12). God should not be connected with legal punishment as if people trust in God and the court, they are to come to penitence personally, without powerful intrusion.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is possible to predict that Quakers were somehow created out of Antinomians, as the main idea of this religious organization is the union of those who trust in God and do not need any punishment and confirmation of this belief. Primarily, the unity was just the creation of friends who supported a number of beliefs.

First of all, they trusted in God and did not support any oaths, they believed that people are to tell the truth and no confirmation is needed. Having no strict rules and hierarchy, these people were kind and wanted just to wbjoy their faith in God who was the priority for them (Daniels 79).

Therefore, having considered the history and considerations of some of the religious groups in the New England, it is possible to say that being a small settlement this group impacted the cultural and historical development of America.

Works Cited Daniels, Bruce C. Puritans at Play: Leisure and Recreation in Colonial New England. Palgrave Macmillan, 1996. Print.


Advantages and Disadvantages of a Franchise Agreement Opinion Essay essay help online: essay help online

A franchise agreement is a set- up where a buyer is given exclusive rights to sell products of an already established firm. The buyer is called the franchisee and the parent company franchisor. Typically, franchisors give franchisees their brand name to trade with and offer help and support. Similarly, one may be licensed to produce and sell the franchisor’s products with no restriction on how to run the business (Frankoise, 1997). This paper highlights the pros and cons of franchising.

A franchise is advantageous over a new venture since it has low failure rates. According to conducted research, franchises stand a better chance of success than independent businesses (Coltman, 1988).

Secondly, a franchisor helps in the management of the enterprise; they provide equipment and supplies. In Liz’s case, she may be trained on good management skills while marketing undertaken by Food of Reality. The franchisor may also offer goods on credit and bulk as they have an established relationship with suppliers of goods (Francoise 1997).

Since franchises are firms with established brand names, franchisees enjoy the benefits of their investment (Hector, 2003). Franchisors spend a lot of money in branding and logos. Customers therefore find it easy to identify with the business since their brand is universally recognized. This is similar to buying a business as a going concern.

In some franchise agreements, a franchisor provides the location of the business besides a surety of available customer segment. Here, Liz stands to benefit from the goodwill of the parent company in terms of a ready market, strategic location, and customers. There are high profits that Liz may also reap from a franchise agreement.

Another important advantage concerns advertising. For every new business, advertising is vital. Franchisors cover commercial adverts and campaigns. Liz needs not to worry about advertisement of her products. Before one commits to a franchise agreement, they need to check the success of the parent company (Kestenbaum, 2008).

This is an added advantage since Liz already has a business idea that can be proven. Furthermore, exclusive rights in terms of location benefits a franchisee since franchisors do not allocate more than one franchisee in one territory. In this sense, Liz would benefit from low competition and massive market.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, this agreement has its downsides. The initial cost of buying a franchise could be very high. Advertising, management, and trademark fees are included in the initial cost. Liz will have to rely wholly on the franchisor. If the franchisor exits the market, she will run out of business as well. Besides, lack of independence in the operations of the business therefore becomes a limiting factor.

Franchising agreement has restrictive terms particularly concerning management of the business. A franchisee is not at liberty to make any changes to correspond to the market changes (Sherman, 2003). Profits reaped from the business should be shared between Liz and Food of Reality. Furthermore, incase Liz wants to sell the business; she needs to have the approval of the franchisor. The buyer will have to be approved as well.

I would recommend that Liz enters a franchise agreement. Clearly, a franchise’s advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Additionally, Liz was a librarian. She therefore has no experience in the business field. To gather this, a franchise agreement would be a good starting point.

References Coltman, M. M. (1988). Franchising in the U.S: Pros and Cons. USA: Self Counsel Press.

Francoise, J. (1997). Franchise Agreements within the European Community. London: Transnational Pub.

Hector, E. D. (2003). Advantages and Disadvantages of Franchising. New York: St Lucie’s Press.

Kestenbaum, H. (2008). So You Want to Franchise Your Business. New York: Harold and Knopf.

We will write a custom Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of a Franchise Agreement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sherman, A.J. (2003).Franchising and Licensing: Two powerful Ways to Grow Your Business in Any Economy. New York: Amacom.


Wal-Mart Financial Analysis Essay essay help: essay help

Interpretation Wal-mart’s net sales have grown consistently from financial year 2008 to 2011 as shown in the bar graph above. The growth in net sales was highest between years 2008 and 2009, followed by the year 2010-2011 periods. The growth was modest between 2009 and 2010 financial years.

Profit also grew consistently during the four year period. Net profit as a percentage of sales was highest in year 2008 as a result of low operating expenses. Operating expenses were significantly high in 2009 and 2010, hence, causing lower net income as a percentage of sales. As a result of increased sales in year 2011, this ratio rose to 6.09 percent, up from 5.92 percent in year 2010 (Wal-Mart Financial Report, 2011).

References Wal-mart Stores Inc. (2011). Financial Report. New York: Walmart Stores Inc.


Facebook Addiction in the Modern Society Essay online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

How Addictive is Facebook?

Why Facebook is not as Addictive as Cigarettes and Alcohol


Introduction Over the course of the last 10 years, social networking sites (SNSs) have gained enormous popularity throughout the world. Of all the SNSs available, Facebook stands out as the most popular one boasting of millions of users from all over the world. People are increasingly making use of Facebook to keep in touch. This usage of Facebook has become so pervasive that nowadays, the site is an integral part of the life of many individuals.

These people, especially the youth, are said to spend hours on Facebook a day interacting with their friends. This has led some people to arguing that Facebook is more addictive than cigarettes and alcohol. However, I do not think that Facebook can be equated to smoking and drinking. Through this essay, I will propose that Facebook cannot be compared to these issues. I will also demonstrate that Facebook does not have most of the severe consequences associated with other forms of addictions.

How Addictive is Facebook? Some people spend a significant amount of time interacting through Facebook. Students have been reported to waste time on Facebook at the expense of academic performance. Employees, on the other hand, are known to spend company’s valuable time on the site, therefore lowering their productivity, which leads to an overall reduction in company performance.

As a result of these occurrences, it has been proposed that Facebook is addictive since people appear to be hooked to the site and cannot keep away from it even considering the negative consequences.

Why Facebook is not as Addictive as Cigarettes and Alcohol For something to qualify as an addiction, there has to be a compulsive dependence on the behavior or substance in question. An addiction implies that a person cannot do without something he or she is addicted to, and when it is missing, he or she may experience withdrawal symptoms or physical and/or mental discomforts.

Cigarette and alcohol addicts suffer from severe withdrawal symptoms and discomforts when they try to leave off their addiction. The same cannot be said for Facebook addicts. While staying away from Facebook may be a major inconvenience to a person, it will not result in any of the withdrawal symptoms or discomforts suffered by cigarette and alcohol addicts.

Cigarette and alcohol addictions have major consequences, and once a person is an addict, he/she requires treatment to save him/her from death due to deteriorated health or possible imprisonment due to misconduct. The consequences that come from the overuse of Facebook are not nearly as severe since it is highly improbable that a person will die from excessive use of the site or be imprisoned on the same grounds.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the contrary, Facebook plays a positive role in the lives of many of its users. Most of the users of Facebook visit the site with the primary objective of keeping in touch with people with whom they have relationships. Without Facebook, many friendships would fizzle out because of limited communication.

Conclusion In this article, I have argued that while Facebook is to some extent addictive, it is not as addictive as smoking or drinking. The discussions presented herein have shown that cigarettes and alcohol addictions result in major consequences for the individual. Undoubtedly, there are negative aspects associated with an excessive use of Facebook for an individual. However, it would be an exaggeration to classify Facebook as being as addictive as smoking or drinking.


Designing a Layout Plan for a Men’s Clothing Store. Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Abstract


Body text

Layout Plan



Abstract This report will discuss the various floor designs that Mike and Earl Moore can choose for their store, College Men’s Unlimited. The store has a space of 2, 800 square feet and rectangular in shape. The design will be based on this information. The layout for the new men’s store will be thoroughly explained by looking at the size, office space, storage needed and where the counters should be placed.

Introduction A store layout should be based on the customers’ liking and should be structured in such a way that movement from one category to another is made easy. Each category should be placed in such a way that there is the correct amount of space between each category.

Every square foot of the retail store should be able to explain how it exploits the sales in the store (Grant, 1995). All permanent structures, fixture locations and customer traffic trends should be included and displayed in the layout plan. Factors such: as the location of the building, how much inventory flows in and out of the store and the products being sold directly affects the store’s layout (Fullen, 2004). There are five basic floor plans that best display the most effective plan for maximizing sales.

Body text The straight floor plan is suitable for any type of retail store. It is the most economical design in that it includes walls and fixtures to create small spaces in the space of the retail store. Stores that have definitive categories such as grocery stores, convenience stores, etc. can use this layout plan.

Some restaurants may use a variation of this floor plan such that they create ‘cubicle’ style offices. This layout plan is created to enhance shopping or dining for individuals that know exactly what they’re looking for. Interaction between sales staff and the customers is minimized in this kind of a floor design. However, upper end facilities shouldn’t employ this design because it lacks a value enhanced aesthetic.

The diagonal floor plan allows for ample room and visibility for cashiers and customers. It is a good design for stores that self-service in which the customer serves and pulls what they would like to purchase. It provides better customer interaction as a result of improved sight lines.

The angular floor plan is best suited for exquisite class and forte stores. The soft angles and curves create better traffic flow through-out the retail store. The downside to this kind of plan is that it is very difficult to add any fixtures and changing the plan is very difficult. However, the integrated pieces can work together to produce a high sales margin environment and at the same time ensuring that the space utilized by the merchandise is in an attractive manner.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The geometric floor plan is designed for mainly retail clothing shops. One advantage of this design is that it gives high visibility and traffic flow. It utilizes the angular patterns meant for clothing racks, nesting tables, and riser displays. While using this design, it is important to keep in mind line interaction between various racks and displays.

A preconceived concept of a customer walking in and out as they shop should also be kept in mind when employing this kind of a layout plan. In order to expose more surface area to the consumer, the layout plan should be in such a way that the customer doesn’t travel in a straight line; rather they should be able to swivel their line of site. This promotes merchandize recognition and gives the customer a wide variety of choice.

This floor plan is easy to modify by adding or subtracting display items into the layout plan. This plan should be used as an advertising layout but it also has to be balanced out with aesthetic elements. Care must be taken however so as to avoid creating a plan with areas that are either too full or too sparse.

The mixed floor plan on the other is a blend of the diagonal, angular and straight floor design. This plan allows for monitoring traffic flow. The main aim of this kind of a design is draw attention to the walls of the store where there are displays can exist through various display units.

The design allows for display of categories of items or services through odd number display placements. Each category should have items that are of the same color or style so as to display a particular pattern or to tell a display ‘story’. The walls on the other hand should contain the bulk of items or services under placement. This layout plan requires a highly imaginative planner.

Drawing a layout for a men’s store is a task that should be done by an expert who has a keen eye for detail. The layout of the floor will determine how the merchandize will be presented to the customer. The layout plan has to encourage as well as control the flow of traffic in and out of the store. The store may want to draw customers in by using the front office and window merchandizing. The merchandize should be conveniently located with adequate fitting rooms located near every department.

When designing a layout plan, private areas such as the bathroom, break areas and office apace have to be kept in mind and they should be separated from the public areas. More so, they should be placed in the areas they serve. The entrance of the store has to look like a men’s clothing store and should thus be designed as such (Karlen, 2011).

We will write a custom Essay on Designing a Layout Plan for a Men’s Clothing Store. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The front window display should make it clear that it is a men’s store by placing men’s clothing, footwear, hats and other accessories. Placing other items that are not in any way related to men’s clothing will only confuse potential customers.

The interior of the store has to be designed in an organized manner such that clothing for different occasions is accounted for (Piotrowski, 2011). The item density, floor space and display areas should be balanced. Items such as underwear, socks and belts should be located away from passing street traffic. Merchandize such as shoes, formal wear, casual wear and sports-wear should be situated near a front entry wall. Nearby, there should also be a stock room should also be nearby.

The formal, casual and sport categories should be separated. The formal clothing should be situated next to the shoes. It would also be a good idea to situate the sport and casual wear on an opposite wall. Jeans are a part of most men’s wardrobes and they should not be kept together with the casual slacks section. Instead, they should have an entire section on their own.

It is important that all merchandize be arranged in such a way that it directs customer foot traffic appropriately. The check-out area should be elevated to give attending clerks a good view of the service floor and should be located at the center of the store. There should be only one entry and exit area and a fire emergency exit (Waters, 2009).

Layout Plan Having viewed all the above factors, the mixed floor plan is the most recommended for Mike and Earl Moore of College Men’s Unlimited. This option is the best because it allows visibility to serve customers and preventative measures against shop-lifting. College Men’s Unlimited is a high end quality retail men clothing store and therefore security against shop-lifting should be included in the layout design. Below is a pictorial image of the mixed floor design.

The above figure shows that the apparel should be center floor while small items are situated along the wall and registers are placed along the entrance. The store owners should ensure a constant upkeep and regular shelf stocking so as to alert the staff on any shop-lifting incidences. All blind spots should have cameras and mirrors to ensure maximum security.

The outside perimeter of the building should also not be ignored. Lights and camera surveillance should be positioned outside the building. Again this is to ensure security. As an environmental awareness concern, the outside of the building should have waste receptacles to keep trash to a limit and landscaping to include medians with grasslands and trees.

Conclusion It is important to keep in mind some of the factors that are required when designing the layout plan of a clothing store. One should be able to tell the ‘character’ that they would desire to have for their store.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Designing a Layout Plan for a Men’s Clothing Store. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This can be accomplished by visiting various stores including those that are outside the city and observe their layout, product mix, lighting, floor covering, pricing, use of wall space as well as window displays. The layout plan will be greatly influenced by the amount of space that the store occupies. One must keep in mind that approximately 30% of the total space should be allocated to aisles and common areas so as to avoid having a clattered look to the store.

References Fullen, S


Strange Fruit’ Music and Social Consciousness Essay college admissions essay help

The movie under consideration is the Strange Fruit directed by Kyle Schickner which aims to show people the social problems and their arousal by means of the appearance of one song, from the day of its creation up to the day of its release in public which has managed to make an outburst of public opinion and antiracial movement.

Watching the movie from the first up to the last scene, you understand that the song has managed to raise social opinion and the historic facts cannot be changed, but the movie is directed in such a way that each time one is worried about the outcome. The movie is psychological as well as historic and the struggle against discrimination has always been a priority for some people, but n0o one believed that a simple song can impact the society in the way it did.

As for me, it was difficult to watch the movie as being psychological drama it made me worry about each of the characters, especially those who were subjected to lynching and discrimination. At the same time, I was impressed with the history of the song creation and how one single performance can change the attitude of the whole society to the problem.

Even though the movie shows the history of the son and its creation, the main idea is deeper. The movie is devoted to the social illness and points at one of the solutions which may be taken for solving the issue which is in the air, but people are afraid of talking about it referencing to the fear and social prejudices.

The main idea of the Angela Davis’ essay “‘Strange Fruit’ Music and Social Consciousness” is to show the society how one particular song may become the icon for the whole nation, how one particular idea may help people understand that it is important to resist lynching, racial discrimination and other specific biased attitude in relation to some particular classes of people.

“She could not have predicted that “Strange Fruit” would impel people to discover within themselves a previously unawakened calling to political activism, but it did, and it does.

She could not have foreseen the catalytic role her song would play in rejuvenating the tradition of protest and resistance in African-American and American traditions of popular music and culture” (Davis 196) is the quote which shows that the singer song this song to entertain people and could not even expect that others would feel the same as she did, the desire to act against those who believe that lynching and discrimination are the normal actions in the society;

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More it describes the meaning of the song and perfectly summarizes the main idea of the Angela Davis’ essay “‘Strange Fruit’ Music and Social Consciousness” as it points at the problems which the quote arises and at the same time considers the relation of the singer to the song, particularly the unexpected success of the song in the context is appeared;

it is obvious that the song raises the problems of discrimination and it is important to remember that the presence of such films inspire other people for creating something new, such as the movie Strange Fruit also aimed at increasing the social concern about the problems of lynching, cultural and racial discrimination and the attitude of the society to the problems.

Works Cited Davis, Angela. “‘Strange Fruit’ Music and Social Consciousness.” Blues Legacies and Black Feminism. Ed. Angela Davis. New York: Pantheon Books, 1998. Print.


“The Conquest of Toledo (1085)” and “The Siege of Lisbon (1147)” Essay writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The Conquest of Toledo (1085)

The Siege of Lisbon (1147)

Works Cited

Introduction It has been argued that The Medieval Iberian Peninsula was quite influential and memorable for its diversity in terms of politics, language, culture, religion and ethnicity. As a result, there are several authors and historic experts who have come to conclude that the people of Iberia positively affected the Middle Age, describing the society as one which promoted social coexistence among Christians, Muslims and Jews.

This allowed Christians and Muslims to live together for close to eight centuries on the peninsula (Remie 131). Notably, not only did these kingdoms exist side by side but the people with varying religious faiths found it easy to live in the same region and cope with one another. Besides this coexistence, conquests were witnessed in the history of medieval Spain. This essay summarizes “The Conquest of Toledo (1085)” and “The Siege of Lisbon (1147)” as authored by Olivia Remie Constable in the book, Medieval Iberia.

The Conquest of Toledo (1085) The Conquest of Toledo took place in 1085 and played a major role in the history of Medieval Spain as it led to the change of power from Muslim to Christian rule. The invasion of the city was widely seen by many as a political move that led to the conquest. Although Toledo was not as large as other cities in the country, it was a significant capital to both Christians and Muslims (Remie 131).

In the understanding of this conquest, it is equally essential to underscore the role of kings as they led the two sides in championing their ideologies and supremacy. One these kings was Alfonso VI who inherited the throne from his father. However, invasions and external forces from other rulers led to the defeat of Alfonso by his own brother, Sancho II (Remie 131).

As a result of their strained relationship, Alfonso took refuge in Moorish Court in Toledo. This was not his end as he succeeded Sancho II in 1072 after being assassinated. With his power as the king, he won Galicia from Garcia, his brother (Remie 134).

Due to his domineering authority, he became one of the most powerful Christian rulers in Medieval Spain. He attacked several Muslim territories up to Taifa as he encouraged Christians to migrate to the northern side. He continued with his raid even after the conquest in 1085. According to Olivia Remie, Alfonso’s victory was skillful as he managed to defeat several cities like Seville, Zaragoza and Badajoz, which had merged against him.

The conquest of 1085 increased enhancement of opportunities in Medieval Spain. Several people including French, Moors and Spaniards were brought together in a single city, which remained historically known for refinement and learning. Even though there are several factors that led to the Toledo conquest, it is evident that King Alfonso IV played a major role in organizing a successful attack on the city. By utilizing his privileges as the governor, he attacked Islamic territories (Remie 137).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Siege of Lisbon (1147) According to Olivia Remie, the siege of Lisbon was driven by military actions that led to the capture of the city by Portuguese, displacing Moorish kingpins. This siege is believed to have been among limited victories that were experienced by Christian crusaders (Remie 180).

In other words, it was the only recorded victory that was carried out by the pilgrim army and is widely seen as a core contributing factor towards the final Reconquista. It is worth noting that the siege of Lisbon took place after a series of events that were characterized by the fall of various cities, which were captured by powerful rulers of the time. For instance, the collapse of Edessa in the year 1144 triggered Pope Eugene III to give a decree for a new crusade in 1145 in the Iberian Peninsula.

As a way of strengthening his efforts, Pope Eugene III ordered Alfonso VII to join the war against the Moors. These efforts led to the departure of the first group of crusaders for the Holy Land. This contingent got an opportunity to interact with King Alfonso I of Portugal (Remie 181).

The meeting between crusaders and the king resulted into an agreement in which they were to support him to attack Lisbon in exchange of goods and ransom money for prisoners who were to be captured during the attack (Remie 182). As noted by Olivia Remie, July 1 marked the start of the siege of Lisbon that was concluded on October 25, 1147.

It is believed that the Moorish leaders surrendered after the siege tower reached their territory wall and limited food supply that was resulting into starvation and hunger. During the siege, there were surrender-terms that were to be kept in future though none of them was observed (Remie 183).

For instance, Muslims were to retain their lives and material wealth though the city was to be under different rule. After the siege of Lisbon, crusaders were at liberty of either proceeding to the Holy Land or settling in the new city that had been captured. From the two conquests, it is clear that rulers played significant roles in influencing other people.

Works Cited Remie, Olivia. Medieval Iberia. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on “The Conquest of Toledo (1085)” and “The Siege of Lisbon (1147)” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More


Connections between Mathematical Concepts and Other Disciplines in Education Essay essay help online: essay help online

Introduction Research indicates that there is a continuous evolution in methods of instructions. In fact, initial review of literature indicates that these processes will continue to mutate.

These factors of change push mathematics’ educators to seek ways of gaining insights on how to change their patterns of instruction in terms of content and delivery. Increasing levels of technology, increasing levels of students’ diversity and culture, and the ever-changing styles in students’ learning have brought to the forefront the need to help students make connections between mathematical concepts and other disciplines.

The relevance of visualization in teaching and learning mathematics cannot be underestimated and remains an interesting topic to explore. This is because “meaningful mathematical learning can be accomplished with tactile applications of mathematical concepts, hence creating visualization because students need make a connection between theorem, its discovery, and past and current applications” (Arcavi, 2003, p. 217).

Description of the Topic

As has been stated, learning and teaching practices will continue to mutate. These factors of change push mathematics’ educators to seek ways on gaining insights on how to change their patterns of instruction in terms of content and delivery. Poor methods of curriculum delivery and inability to develop innovative approaches to teaching and learning have been pointed out as major bottlenecks in the achievement of these objectives (Dorward, 2002).

The premise behind this topic revolves around the need to understand that visualization has been an area of interest for a number of researchers concerned with mathematics education. Furthermore, visual thinking can be an alternative and powerful resource for students doing mathematics (Zimmermann


Poverty as a Peculiarity of the Economical Development Essay custom essay help

Table of Contents The introduction

The thesis statement

The body

The conclusion

Works Cited

The introduction In my opinion, the definition of poverty is quite ambiguous. The term is associated with numerous aspects of life. For instance, Arturo Escobar is of the opinion that “almost all the definitions given to the word are woven around the concept of lack or deficiency (21). I fully agree with the opinion; however, I suppose that the term is mostly associated with Asia and Africa.

In other words, poverty is recognized as one of the most important social problems. In the forties, the issue was transformed into an organizing concept. For me, in general, poverty is a lack of financial, material and, moreover, moral values, knowledge and chances.

Generally, the issue of poverty requires in-depth studies. In my opinion, there is a necessity to compare the term with its opposite unit in order to understand the concept of poverty and its constituents. So, according to Escobar, “the poor were defined as lacking what the rich had in terms of money and material possessions, poor countries came to be similarly defined in relation to the standards of wealth of the more economically advantaged nations” (23).

The thesis statement I think that poverty is not only financial, economic problem, therefore, the economic model of “rich” developed countries cannot be appropriate for all societies in the worlds due to the different aspect such as mentality, traditions and the level of development of the particular nation.

The body Generally, I believe that the economic model of a rich nation cannot apply to all nations. Although developed countries demonstrate the examples of successful economical solutions, there are still some contradictions concerning the uniqueness of solution. Moreover, the current situation in the world shows that there are a number of problems within the economical system. Therefore, due to the inner problems, the “rich” countries do not want to help “poor” that should develop basing to their resources and the regional features.

On the one hand, one cannot state that economic success depends upon natural forces; on the other hand, “knowledge of the underlying facts and economic processes, good planning in setting objectives and allocating resources, and determination in carrying out a program for improvements and reforms, a great deal can be done to improve the economic environment” (Escobar 25).

For instance, one can consider the example with Colombia. It has enough natural resources, and its economically advantageous trade position gives the country an opportunity to use contemporary techniques. So, everything that is to be done is to gather speed of its widespread development.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For this reason, one can make a conclusion that the country “would not only accomplish its own salvation but would at the same time furnish an inspiring example to all other underdeveloped areas of the world” (Escobar 25). This example shows that my viewpoint can be correct. Thus, I can make a conclusion that reliance on natural forces is not enough for economic recovery. The program of economical development should take into account the national and regional features.

The conclusion I would like to point out that in the late forties, the relations between rich and poor countries have been changed. Substantial mutation can be considered to as the most appropriate term, which can be used to characterize such relations. Now social and economic issues are based on the new strategy. Of course, “rich” nations should help “poor” nations out of pure philanthropy. Developed countries tend to ensure progress all over the world.

However, the current economical situation of number developed countries demonstrates that “rich” countries are not able to help “poor”. Besides, as I believe that poverty is a lack of moral values and knowledge, not only the financial and economic, I suppose that the problem of “poor” countries cannot be solved without the understanding of the cultural aspects of the particular region or nation.

Works Cited Escobar, Arturo. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. 3rd ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995. Questia. Web.


Carrying a gun for self-defense Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Case 1

Case 2



Introduction Carrying a gun for self-defense comes with great responsibility. This is because it does not give a citizen the powers to use it without justification of self-defense. Firearm laws of most states only protect those who use guns for self-defense. In fact, self-defense and use of handguns are some of the most controversial subjects for many Americans. However, examinations of the two cases present interesting scenarios.

Case 1 In the first case, the use of a shotgun by the young woman to kill one of the two men who had previously raped her is not justified as a necessary use of weapon in self-defense. In fact, this is a clear case of revenge. Despite the fact that the men had allegedly raped the young woman, there is no evidence to prove their intention to repeat the same in the second incidence.

The justification for use of firearm in self-defense would fail because the men did not present any physical threat to the young woman. According to Carpenter (2003, p. 667), “the defense of justification would fail, for example, if a defendant deliberately killed a petty thief who did not commit robbery and who did not appear to be a physical threat.”

The justification for the use of firearm must prove the need to protect one or another person from an impending bodily harm, death or forcible felony such as, burglary, rape, or kidnapping. The young woman could face up to three years in jail for an attack that does not justify use of deadly force in self-defense.

Case 2 In the second case, the 62 year-old retired army officer is justified in the use of deadly force to kill the two men in act of burglary. In fact, it does not matter whether the two men were unarmed. First, the two men were walking in the hallway towards his direction and there was urgent need to act in self-defense.

Second, the defendant had all the right to use deadly force within the circumstances to protect his property. Fletcher (1990, p. 14) expounds on this in his analysis of Florida law by stating, “the use of deadly force is justified trying to prevent a forcible felony, such as rape, robbery, burglary or kidnapping.”

It is discerned that the retired army officer had no means of ascertaining whether the men were unarmed or not. However, they presented real danger to his life and body by moving towards him in the hallway. This is a clear case duty of retreat, which states, “you need not retreat from your own home to avoid using deadly force against an assailant” (Fletcher, 1990, p. 21).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The castle retreat legally applies to this case because the retired army officer is attacked in his home by burglars and as such is in danger of great bodily harm or even death. In this case, the 62 year-old retired army officer is justified within the law to protect his life and his property and is not liable for conviction.

Conclusion It is discerned from the above discussions that the justification for use of deadly force must prove that the action is taken in self-defense.

References Carpenter, C. L. (2003). Of the Enemy Within, the Castle Doctrine, and Self-Defense. Marquette Law Review , 86 (4): 653–700.

Fletcher, G. P. (1990). Crime of Self-Defense: Bernhard Goetz and the Law on Trial. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


The World of Money Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The book “The American way of death” revisited was produced in the mid nineties before Jessica Mitford died in 1996. The book was later published in 1998 with new chapters that focused on the increased funeral conglomerates. She was later discriminated for her content because she destroyed an entire industry neglecting the few who could be honest.

She tackled the death sector in America and its weaknesses without considering how it got there. However Mitford was determined to expose all the terrible secrets that were involved in “The American way of death.” This later on paved way for other journalists to write boldly on controversial topics.

Rebecca Mead who is the author of the book “One Perfect Day” portrayed the American wedding as a Rosetta stone. The author gave a series of questions that challenged people’s national identity. She asked why weddings in America have become so extravagant and demanding in production.

Moreover she asked why most grooms and brides pretend to consider their tradition yet they use weddings to express their expensive level of living. Most weddings reveal how people live, relate and consume. The book brings out investigative journalism that brings out activities involved in wedding industry today. She claims that the wedding industry has helped improve America’s economy because the wedding business gets complex and lavish everyday.

Weddings have taken a cultural shift and have become marketing opportunities where religion beliefs are neglected and expectations are increased. In the past weddings were a transition from childhood to adulthood, and they were a rite of passage to take people into a more intimate relationship. They would give value to the various American cultures by considering marriage a crucial stage in life.

Rebecca does a research on the wedding business and shows measures taken to grow it such as trade shows, conventions and factories. She also researched the available data produced from the industry for the advantage of advertisers on the patterns followed by grooms and brides in terms of consuming money towards the wedding (Fagan 22-44).

Compare and contrast the two books and use short quotes for each point

Most themes found in the two books are similar; these are some of those themes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More 1- Exploitation– In the book “One Perfect Day”: The selling of the American Dream, Rebecca Mead looks into the extreme levels that most brides go to in order to have the best weddings ever. She stated that in the past, weddings were considered as simple events where people only wanted to get married. Today, people have found an arena for making money by being wedding planners.

This is a field that has thrived with time because the wedding market is growing expansively. Most brides turn to wedding planners to help them run errands and do most of the planning for them. This has become so common that some have branded themselves, celebrity wedding planners. These planners exploit brides by giving them wrong advice on how to manage their finances. They quote higher prices than what would commonly be found in the market. Brides end up using a lot of money than expected.

Jessica Mitford in her book “The American way of death” revisited also discusses this issue of exploitation. She claims that most funeral homes take advantage of the bereaved by charging high prices that are unaffordable. Funerals according to her have become business opportunities to most people and they perceive them as ground for making more money.

Florists who would help make flowers for the funerals would give high prices as well as those who sell caskets. Some families are simple and would opt to burry their loved ones in a simple event, but it has turned out to be a field of financial exploitation.

2- Ignorance– The first book clearly describes some brides as being ignorant and lacking knowledge of what is important. The author claims that if most of them would take personal responsibility to go round and check the market as they ask about the prices, then this high level of exploitation would hardly be encountered. Wedding planners are also insignificant especially if one has a fixed budget. This would help these brides organize their own weddings and have nobody to blame. However their ignorance leaves them at a terrible state where most wedding planners intervene and take advantage.

Jessica Mitford’s book also focuses on people who have no idea what it takes to hold a burial. As a result, they can be given high prices and the wrong financial advice that would cost them more than they can afford. She advises people to reach out for information and knowledge that could be of great help for them. With this kind of information, one can hardly be deceived.

She also advises that people question the decisions made by planners of these events and refuse to accept everything they are told. Bargaining was another option; she states that if people learn to negotiate the original price, they can end up saving more. This form of ignorance that is taken advantage of is quoted by Jessica Mitford as “Graveside solicitations”.

We will write a custom Essay on The World of Money specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More 3- Societal pressure– Both writers bring out the pressure and negative force that comes from the society which leaves people feeling compelled to please everyone. In Rebecca Mead’s book, brides are under so much pressure to do a wedding that is beyond their budget to make an impression to people. She says that most brides are competing to have the best and most unique weddings so that the society perceives them differently.

They would go to lengths of buying expensive gowns instead of hiring one which would be cheaper. This is why she claimed that the wedding field has really changed from how it was in the past. Brides would have to borrow money or go to banks to loan money for their wedding to be possible. These were awful financial decisions because long after the wedding they would remain in debt.

She stated that it was a bad choice to make, because one loses focus on life after the wedding. Some brides would end up in poverty because the debt was too big to be completed in a short amount of time. Rebecca later gives advice to brides to do weddings they can afford and remain in proper financial states. She advised that the society will never be fully content no matter how hard one wants to please them.

Rebecca quoted, “After a few hours, I was overcome by a condition known among retailers as “white blindness,” a reeling, dumbfounded state in which it becomes impossible to distinguish between an Empire-waist gown with alencon lace appliqués and a bias-cut spaghetti strap shift with crystal detail, and in the exhausted grip of which I wanted only to lie down and be quietly smothered by the fluffy weight of it all, like Scott of the Antarctic.”

In Jessica Mitford’s book, burials have also become arenas for showing off. Instead of showing respect to the dead, people go to inappropriate lengths to please the society for them to be perceived as wealthy. Such measures are discouraged because people get into debt over a simple event that should be about mourning and giving a proper send off. She advises that people reject pressure from the society which would force them to live at a level they have hardly reached.

She also advises those involved in burial costs like florists, cemeteries and carpenters to lower their production charges because most people holding burials are in a somber mood and ought not to be exploited. They should reason well and give prices that all can afford. They should stop viewing funerals as opportunities to make money because it only exposes their level of being selfish (Salmond 85-139).

Draw attention between the two books about the similar fact that both events are promoted and generated by money

It is quite transparent that both a wedding and a funeral require financial funding to take place. At most times, weddings use more money than funerals. However the significance of money in both events is clearly brought out and due to this there is a lot of controversy. People want to make false impressions to the society at large that they are wealthy and can afford anything. It is an improper choice to make because chances of being in debt are increased. With regard to funerals, Jessica Mitford quotes people asking “Can I afford to die?”

Not sure if you can write a paper on The World of Money by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In conclusion, both books reflect the kind of behavior that is in the current world showing how times have changed. In the past life was simple and people had no pressure of impressing others. Today things have changed and people are making wrong financial choices that cost them so long to compensate. Nobody wants to be perceived as lacking money so the live their lives for people so that they become people of influence. However both writers bring out the disadvantages of such decisions and hope that people will make wise decisions.

Works Cited Fagan, Andrew. Making Sense of Dying and Death. New York: Cambridge publishers, 1998. Print.

Salmond, John. The Conscience of a lawyer: Clifford Durr and American Civil Liberties. Alabama: University of Alabama, 1990. Print.


Call center practice cases Essay best essay help

To implement effective practice cases for the call centers, the manager should employ classroom-like activities whereby trainees will undertake real lessons as done in a classroom.

This method is regarded as the best in achieving of employee ability in handling new products in the call center. Secondly, Johnson (2008) argues that “observing calls as made by trainees” will be an effective method of achieving effective training (p.8). Common mistakes are usually observed. Hence, appropriate corrections are made instantly. Thirdly, employment of one-on-one observation is also another effective training method.

This helps in identification of trainee weaknesses and appropriate actions are taken to create more strength. Another method is product knowledge tests which seek to establish how much a probable call center personnel knows a product. Lastly, use of online tutorials would be imperative since they contain required training information in expected detail. These methods are preferable given immediate challenging organizational environment.

Due to the growing demand in improving customer service quality, there has been demand for creation of more effective call centers. Implementing a successful call center is entirely dependent on efficiency of call center personnel which in turn depends on their training.

In the process of training call center employees, practice cases must be given utmost priority in importance since they reflect successes of new call centers. In this regard, while designing a practice case, managers should consider the five most important aspects of practice cases.

These include new product profile, challenges encountered at the call centers, vendor technological resources available at the centers, appropriate technologies to be used and the benefits associated with the call center (Giere, 2009). These are some of the contents expected to be included in practice cases of an organization.

New products come with great expectations especially in versatile business environments. Among these expectations are delivery conveniences. Changing trends in current technologies coupled with fast delivery courier services have raised expectation of deliveries services to convenience levels.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With release of new products, there are great expectations of inclusive delivery of new practice cases. In this organization, it is most likely to make an impact if delivery were to be included at company online points, physical presence employed to deliver content in classroom-like setting, over-the-phone delivery method employed in delivering product information tests (Giere, 2009) and face-book in sending lesson progresses.

Technology has made it possible for planning and delivery information to be done conveniently. Designing and delivering practice cases will ultimately employ technology. Issuance of URL to trainees will enable accessibility of online tutorials.

Application of email technology will enhance communication during training and thus keep track of trainee progress in the duration. Use of Skype video calling or conferencing technology is preferable in administration of classroom-like lessons when distance becomes a barrier due to sudden inconveniences (Dawson, 2011).

Trainee education is a major step towards achievement of organizational goals. In addition, trainee knowledge transfer is significant in making this a practical achievement (Johnson, 2008). In order to ensure trainee knowledge transfer, immediate call center set up is imperative. Secondly, instant duty allocation ensures that the gained skills are put to work.

Lastly, when terminating a training program and implementing feasibility check, hands on experience is highly encouraged. This process makes it easier for the learnt content to undergo distribution to required channels. Encouraging regular exercises in making outcalls and enhance knowledge transfer to desired destinations. These steps would ensure that trainees will effectively transfer acquired knowledge.

References Dawson, M. (2011). Call center: Design and implementation. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.

Giere, N.M. (2009). Call center training. Chicago, CH: Wiley


Sales representative training Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Most companies across the globe spend a lot of money on employee development. This shows the importance companies place on sales training. However, not every sales training is effective. New sales representative training should enhance achievement of certain objectives.

It should focus on improving company knowledge. It should allocate ample time and the appropriate amount of information, to improve new sales representatives, knowledge of the company (Rosen, 2008). This should include the company history, mission, core values, vision, policies and procedures.

Another objective is to clarify responsibilities and expectations. Sales training should leave the new sales representatives with a clear understanding of their daily duties. It should also aim at improving product knowledge. One of the key objectives of sales training is to make a salesperson understand the products or services that he or she will sell in the market. Sales training should also enhance sales skills (Magee, 2002).

New sales representatives should know how to tackle different customers and they should understand the techniques of persuading them to buy a product or a service. Sales training should also lift the morale of the new sales representatives. The new sales representatives are supposed to acquire a lot of knowledge after the completion of the training. They are supposed to acquire product and service knowledge.

During sales training, the sales representatives should be informed about the products and services they will be selling to customers. They should also learn about the background of the company, mission, core values and the company policies (McClain, 2006). They will also understanding their daily activities and duties. They also learn how to sell products and services, and how to deal with clients. Upon completion of the training, they should be fully confident in their ability to handle different types of customers.

They should also be able to create a solid business relationship with clients, as well as convincing and persuading them to purchase the product (Rosen, 2008). The new sales representatives should be informed about quality performance expected from him or her in the selling process. They should understand the importance of quality performance towards dealing with respective clients.

Mr. Munoz should understand that the new sale representatives are supposed to be equipped with the selling skills. Sales representative should be taught on how to enhance sales skills in order to become good salespersons. Since these are new sales representative, they should be taught the art of selling.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They should also be equipped with customer relationship skills and communication skills (Magee, 2002). The work of a sales representative is to sell the company’s products and services to customers. The sales representatives should also have interests and passion of selling. Sales need a passionate person as it deals with persuading customers and prospective customers to buy a product or a service.

The best way to carry out the new sales representative training is to put him or her together with the customer service team. This is because the customer service employees are aware of the company’s products. The company should allow the new staff to listen to customer service calls and service calls, and allow him or her to go through the documentation about the products and services offered by the company.

This documentation may include brochures, manuals, user guides, and websites. After the new staff becomes informed about the products and services offered by the company, pair them up with a salesperson that has been in the company for a long time. Allowing the new employee to listen to a customer phone call will help him or her understand the sales process (McClain, 2006). Finally, give the new employee permission to make calls and appointments under the supervision of a senior experienced salesperson.

Reference List Magee, J. (2002). Sales training hand book. New York: Prentice Hall.

McClain, R. (2006). Sales training solutions. Chicago: Kaplan Publishing.

Rosen, K. (2008). Coaching sales people into sales champions. New York: Wiley


The History of the Agency Research Paper college essay help near me

Table of Contents Its functions and capabilities

Hiring process/requirements

Laws the agency enforces

Reference List

The history of ATF is rather short, however, it has managed to cope with a number of purposes it sets. The agency is effective since January 24, 2003 based on the Homeland Security bill. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) performs its functions under the supervision of the Department of Justice and is accountant to the Treasury Department with the new Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (ATF, n.d.). ATF acting director is B. Todd Jones and its deputy director is Thomas E. Brandon.

Its functions and capabilities ATF is aimed at protecting human “our communities from violent criminals, criminal organizations, the illegal use and trafficking of firearms, the illegal use and storage of explosives, acts of arson and bombings, acts of terrorism, and the illegal diversion of alcohol and tobacco product” (ATF, n.d.).

Hiring process/requirements To become a special agent in the ATF one should be highly trained and correspond to a number of specific requirements. Some of the requirements are as follows, one should be a US citizen with driving license. A person should take and pass several exams and tests, correspond to the number of age restrictions and fit the requirements based on the law account the US forces.

Laws the agency enforces ATF has to follow some particular laws and base its government on those laws. The US constitutional articles are the main laws ATF bases it operations on. Gun Control Act, National Firearms Act, Arms Export Control Act, Importation, Manufacture, Distribution and Storage of Explosive Materials, Contraband Cigarette Trafficking Act, and Interstate Transport in Aid of Racketeering are the articles which are referred to by the agency (Laws, n.p.).

Reference List ATF. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Laws. (n.d.). ATF. Retrieved from