Table of Contents Introduction
Factors Influencing Divorce
Introduction The United States of America is a country that is faced by several social issues that are both positive and negative. The family institution is an example of an institution faced with many issues such as divorce.
According to court records, divorce is an act that has been practiced widely in the United States of America since the 1600s and by early 1880, one marriage ended up in divorce out of fourteen to sixteen married couples. According to Kreider and Fields (2001), out of 2.4 million marriages that are celebrated annually, 1.2 million divorces occur yearly in the United States of America. This has left sociologists asking themselves the reason behind the increasing rate of divorce in the American society.
Divorce Divorce is defined as dissolution of marriage by the parties involved through a judgment by court of law or accepted customs. Divorce has been identified as a major problem in the United States based on the data obtained by research personnel, organizations, media centre’s and the cases filed and decided by the courts of law.
According to Jennifer Baker, 50% of first marriages, 67 % of second marriages and 74% of third marriages end up in divorce in America. This shows how difficult it is to maintain one’s marriage in the United States due to the significance of marriage held by the Americans (Kreider
Euthanasia (Mercy Killing) Essay essay help free: essay help free
Euthanasia refers to termination of the life of a patient who has no prospect of recovering. The patient might be in great pain and suffering, which calls for termination of his or her life in order to release him or her from pain.
Termination of life qualifies to be euthanasia if a professional or a medical practitioner does it. Moreover, Euthanasia is granted to a patient if he or she does not have a prospect of recovering. In the modern society, Euthanasia is an ethical issue that has raised a controversy between those supporting it and those opposed to it.
Mercy killing takes two major forms, depending on the concept and procedure. Voluntary Euthanasia takes place when the patient requests for the termination of his or her life (Torr 87). Apart from requesting the hospital to terminate his or her life, the patient might as well give consent to the termination of his or her life. In some circumstances, the family and friends of the patient might request the hospital to terminate the life of the patient without necessarily informing the patient. This is termed as involuntary euthanasia.
Involuntary euthanasia takes place when the patient is unable to give consent due to incompetence. Positive euthanasia takes place when the patient is assisted to die through injection of lethal drugs or shooting. Negative or passive euthanasia happens when the patient is left to die without injection of lethal drugs. This takes place when medication is stopped or when the doctor switches off the life-supporting machine.
Euthanasia is highly contested in society since some people claim that God gives life, and only he can take it. Others believe that the sick person should not be left to suffer, but instead relatives and friends must intervene through mercy killing. Proponents suggest that Euthanasia is cost effective implying that the family can save on resources and time by simply helping the patient to die.
Again, Euthanasia is preferred because it saves on the hospital bed and space meaning that curable patients can be admitted (Nitschke 28). Others observe that Euthanasia is the only option if society is to save drugs and fluids, which are usually wasted on patients who will never recover. If Euthanasia is adopted in many countries in the world, doctors will have adequate time to attend to curable diseases and conditions.
Families can as well save on the little resources instead of wasting them on the sick who will never recover. Apart from the issue of cost effectiveness, euthanasia is preferred in the western countries because it is the honorable exit from pain, suffering, and possible humiliation. Euthanasia is considered the only way that one can die with some honor. Based on this argument, we should look at life beyond more existence and consider its quality. When life becomes useless, it should be terminated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Supporters of euthanasia observe that the principle of individual freedom should be upheld even in matters related to health. An individual should be allowed to choose between life and death. If an individual finds out that his or her life is meaningless, then he or she has the right to terminate it.
Philosophers have also contributed to the topic by noting that the physically fit have a moral obligation of not allowing the sick to suffer if they can help in ending pain. The healthy individuals should use all available means to save those suffering even if this help means employing euthanasia.
Although a number of reasons have been given to justify euthanasia, it should not be legalized because of the sanctity of life. Human life has an intrinsic value and it must be respected at all conditions. Nothing should be done to interfere with human life. If euthanasia is legalized, people will lose respect for human life.
Euthanasia amounts to violation of professional ethics. Medical practitioners are trained in healing and protecting life. In this case, they are not supposed to destroy life. Hippocratic Oath requires that medical doctors must never use their knowledge against human life. They should always support it even if conditions are unbearable. Medicine is not an actual science. In this regard, there could be a possibility of error in medical diagnosis.
A mistake in medical diagnosis causes serious problems because euthanasia does not give the patient a chance to correct the error (Mannes 16). In some parts of the world, such as India and Africa, people believe that miracles might happen, and the patient might be healed. Some individuals argue that sometimes, the condition of the patient might be declared incurable, but after some time the patient is healed miraculously. In other words, we should always hold our patience as we wait for miracles.
Only God gives life and he should be the one taking it. No other person should end it. As human beings, we should always be optimistic for a cure. A cure might be discovered tomorrow because what is incurable today can be cured tomorrow. It will be painful to learn that an individual was assisted to die yet a cure was on the way. Although people have individual freedoms and rights, no person has the right over his or her life.
An individual with friends and family members cannot claim to have the absolute right over his or her life. Our friends and family members are also stakeholders in our lives, and they have a right over our decisions. In some communities, such as African communities, it will be better having a patient in any condition rather than having a dead person. Family members will prefer having a sick person in the house as opposed to having memories of the beloved one (Rachels 56).
We will write a custom Essay on Euthanasia (Mercy Killing) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The debate on euthanasia is importunate since no group is willing to accept the views of the opposing group. In conclusion, euthanasia is based on two issues, one of them being individual right and the other one is the avoidance of pain and suffering. From a personal standpoint, euthanasia should not be legalized because it is unethical. In most countries of the west, euthanasia is legal implying that it is exercised without restrictions.
Life should always be respected, and any attempt to terminate it should be resisted. As argued by some opponents of euthanasia, a cure might be discovered in the future. Moreover, a miracle might happen along the way since many people have been cured miraculously. For medical practitioners, their role is to protect life but not to terminate it. Therefore, euthanasia should never be allowed in hospitals. Those found discussing it should be prosecuted in the court of law. Allowing euthanasia in society will be disrespecting human life.
Works Cited Mannes, Marya. “Euthanasia vs. the Right to Life.” Baylor Law Review 27.69 (1975): 14-26. Print.
Nitschke, Philip. The Peaceful Pill Handbook. New York: Exit International Press, 2006. Print.
Rachels, James. The end of life: Euthanasia and Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Torr, James. Euthanasia: opposing viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2000. Print.
No One Is Perfect Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Bertie Overcomes Stuttering
Introduction All human beings have their own weaknesses which affect their daily lives. This is depicted in the movie ‘The King’s Speech’ which depicts how Bertie, a British prince, struggles with stuttering. Bertie is depicted as having a low self confidence, “If we were equals, I wouldn’t be here.
I’d be at home with my wife, and no one would give a damn” (The King’s Speech). His stammering condition is seen as a big weakness that is likely to bar him from becoming the next king after his father’s demise. With the help of Lionel Logue, a speech therapist, Bertie becomes more coherent and leads Great Britain to declare war against Nazi Germany.
Bertie’s Insecurities Albert, who is also fondly called Bertie, relies on Lionel Logue, an Australian speech therapist to help him improve the clarity of his speech. The two men hail from very distinct backgrounds.
Bertie is a prince of one of the most powerful states in the world, while Logue has a humble background. Logue helps a hesitant Bertie to make a radio speech that declares war on Nazi Germany after his brother David (King Edward VIII) abdicates and marries an American divorcee. Bertie says, “Is the nation ready for two minutes of radio silence?” (The King’s Speech).
At first, Bertie is reluctant to seek help with his condition. His wife Elizabeth and father King George V encourage him to seek help and this makes him handle the matter more seriously. Bertie needs to improve his speech skills so that he can participate more in leadership affairs.
Bertie brings back Logue after listening to his own recordings reciting a soliloquy and becomes certain that he can overcome his condition. The two become friends which makes Logue to understand the psychological reasons that make Bertie stutter (The King’s Speech). Bertie is under pressure from his father, King George V to satisfy the high expectations that have been placed on him as a prince.
Bertie Overcomes Stuttering The strong relationship that Bertie and Logue have developed reduces the gap in social status between them. After Bertie’s father, King George V dies, his brother David ascends the throne as King Edward VIII but he later abdicates. Bertie is unsure of his ability to take over, “…the nation believes that when I speak, I speak for them. But I can’t speak” (The King’s Speech).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Logue offers Bertie a lot of support which builds his self-confidence. Bertie ascends to the throne and visits Logue’s home to show his gratitude; an act rarely done by a royal. Bertie’s coronation as King George VI still leaves him with doubts about his suitability as a ruler.
Logue helps Bertie realize that he can articulate without stuttering in his speeches. Britain is facing a big threat from Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler who has threatened to invade the country. Logue helps Bertie deliver a speech declaring war against Germany to millions of listeners over the radio.
He does this without stuttering and is able to inspire his country to have hope in the wake of adversity. Bertie declares, “…for the second time in the lives of most of us, we are at war. Over and over again we have tried to find a peaceful way out of the differences between ourselves and those who are now our enemies” (The King’s Speech). The movie shows how human beings have their own weaknesses regardless of the status they hold in the society.
In conclusion, ‘The King’s Speech’ shows the strong bond that exists between two friends. Logue offers Bertie unconditional support when he is facing the most difficult moments of his life. This makes Bertie have faith in his own abilities.
Works Cited The King’s Speech. Dir. Tom Hooper. Perf. Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush, and Helena Bonham Carter. Momentum Pictures, 2010. Film.
The Content Cow Dairy Foreign Direct Investment Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Foreign direct Investment (FDI) is the investment the company makes to acquire long term interest in a foreign country. If the US company builds a new plant in Egypt at a cost of $50 million, this would represent the US foreign direct investment to Egypt. Foreign direct investment would include acquisition in full or in part of a foreign enterprise, or when a company makes additional capital in the existing foreign subsidiary (Krugman, Obstfeld,
Penelope Is the Determining Moral Agent Essay a level english language essay help
Homer provides a comprehensive picture of the society of the ancient Greece in his Famous work The Odyssey. Penelope can be regarded as embodiment of rightfulness. It is also necessary to note that Penelope should be regarded as a determining moral agent as it is her own way to live and she has her own sense of what is wrong and what is right (remarkably, her decisions are rightful in terms of morality).
Notably, her rightfulness is manifested in different terrains. For instance, she follows rules accepted in the society. She knows that it is not right to be alone with many men and she is determined to maintain her reputation. She says, “I am not going among the men alone; it would not be proper for me to do so” (Homer XVIII: 4). Of course, following rules of the society is not the greatest virtue of Penelope who is rightful in all respects.
Thus, Penelope loves her husband and she cannot betray him. She knows that getting married is a betrayal even though she is starting to believe that her husband is dead. She is “all the time broken-hearted about” her beloved husband (Homer XIX: 3). She knows no joy and when the night comes her “heart becomes a prey to the most incessant and cruel tortures” (Homer XIX: 8).
She understands that she cannot do the wrong thing and marry another man. She manages to work out the way to postpone the new marriage. She says to a stranger she trusts, “I used to keep working at my great web all day long, but at night I would unpick the stitches again by torch light” (Homer XIX: 3). She manages to fool her suitors for three years, and she knows that this trick is the right thing to do as it can save her from the greater vice.
It is also important to note that the only thing that may make Penelope betray her love is her promise she has given to her beloved husband. She is “forced to finish” her work and choose a husband (Homer XIX: 3).
She is thinking of her son and she knows that the only way to save the house and even to save her son’s life is to betray her love and “quit” the house of her “lawful husband” (Homer XIX: 9). Again, she chooses the right thing to do. She makes the final attempt to escape from marriage, but she is ready to get married and “quit” the house of her “lawful husband, so goodly and so abounding in wealth” so that her son could live a happy life (Homer XXI: 2).
It is also important to note that Penelope does not deceive her suitors and does not pretend loving anyone of them. She always says what she thinks. She calls her suitors those “who persist in abusing hospitality” of her house (Homer XXI: 2).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She also explains to her suitors that she as well as the mysterious stranger can think badly of the suitors as they “must not expect others to think well of them” (Homer XXI: 6). Finally, Penelope is rightfulness as she understands that her sorrow cannot let her accept the man who claims to be her husband and she tries the man asking him about things they “two are alone acquainted” with (Homer XXIII: 3). She does not want to be deceived “with a lying story” (Homer XXIII: 4).
In conclusion, it is possible to note that Penelope is a rightful woman who follows her own code of conduct. She manages to keep the family hearth for her husband. She is also the determining moral agent as she is the one to work out her set of rules to follow and remain a rightful woman.
Works Cited Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. Samuel Butler, Page by Page Books, 2004. Web. .
Origins and trajectory of the French Revolution Essay writing essay help
Table of Contents The trajectory of the French Revolution
The Congress of Vienna
The French Revolution of 1830
The social structure: The French society was divided into three Estates. The First Estate included the clergy who enjoyed lavish lifestyles. The Second Estate consisted of the nobility, another privileged group which held the highest positions in the government, the Church and the army. The Third Estate consisting of peasants and the bourgeoisie felt aggrieved and resented the aristocracy which members were hell-bent on making sure everyone maintained their social statuses.
Finances: Due to the major losses incurred during the wars which France had been involved in prior to the French Revolution, the country experienced a financial crisis. Despite going through such a situation, the peasants still continued to be heavily taxed while the earnings of the aristocracy did not change. This made the majority of peasants add more to their resentment of members of the higher social class.
The trajectory of the French Revolution By 1614, the majority of non-aristocrats limited voting power since voting rights favored those of the higher class. The members of the Third Estate thus raise a revolution in Versailles. In April 1792, the newly elected Legislative Assembly declared war on neighboring Austria and Russia.
One of the extremists, the Jacobins, went ahead and ordered the execution of King Louise XVI (Chapman 2). On November 9, 1979, Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup d’état against the current regime. This marked the end of the French Revolution and the beginning of the Napoleonic era.
Napoleon played a vital role in quelling the French Revolution. He was responsible for ending the Jacobins regime of terror. However, his era was marked by increased warfare across Europe as he attempted to dominate much of the continent.
The Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna was formed as a military coalition of the countries which were against Napoleon’s rule (Chapman 1). These were Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia (Merriman 569). Their main objective was to oust Napoleon from power and restore peace in Europe. After these nations had succeeded in ousting Napoleon as the ruler of France, the country joined the Congress, and the four nations later formed the Concert of Europe.
The Concert was mostly successful in promoting an ideology of conservatism in Europe. However, the group faced challenges in its quest to promote conservatism. Such revolts as the Decembrist Revolt of 1825 posed a major threat. However, the Concert did not succeed in performing its mission when the revolt led by more than 3,000 of Russian soldiers was suppressed by the Russian ruler Nicholas I.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The French Revolution of 1830 In some cases, however, the Congress seemed to fail in its mandate of maintaining the ideology of conservatism in Europe. By signing the Congress of Vienna’s “Final Act”, the four countries had agreed to end warfare in the continent. However, the French Revolution of 1830 defied this agreement. Also known as the July Revolution, this revolt saw the Duke of Orleans, Louise-Philippe, turn against the current regime of King Charles X (Merriman 444).
This marked the transition of the monarch proposed by the Concert of Europe members, the Bourbon Restoration, and the start of another regime called the July Monarchy. This was a major blow to the terms set during signing the “Final Act” at the Congress of Vienna since the Bourbon Restoration was formed after the ousting of Napoleon as the ruler of France. The ideology of nationalism and liberalism reared its ugly head again as far as the rest of the Concert of Europe’s members were concerned.
Works Cited Chapman, Tim. The Congress of Vienna: Origins, Processes and Results. London: Routledge, 1998. Print.
Merriman, John M. A History of Modern Europe: From the Renaissance to the Present. New York: W.W. Norton, 2010. Print.
Gender Roles in the 19th Century Society: Charlotte Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Introduction The position of women in the society of the 19th century is one of the most controversial discussion questions from the perspectives of feminist movements and different psychological ideas.
In the short story “The Yellow Wallpaper,” Charlotte Perkins Gilman presents her vision of the problem of the female role in the family and society with references to the theme of mental illness. It is important to note that the depiction of the female character’s depression is the representation of a situation that can be discussed as characteristic for many families in the 19th century.
Moreover, Gilman presents her interpretation of the issue basing on her own experience and autobiographical facts (Ford). However, the narrator’s developing madness can also act as the symbolical depiction of the effects of the men’s dominance on women and the female suppression in the 19th-century society.
Women’s Role as a Discussion Question in The Yellow Wallpaper “The Yellow Wallpaper” was first published in The New England Magazine in 1892, and this short story became an example of the problematic feminist literature which began to develop actively in the first half of the 20th century (Carnley). In this story, Gilman discusses the problem of the woman’s role in the men’s society concentrating on the questions of marriage, women’s social work, domestic sphere, rest cure as the way to treat depressions and psychoses.
It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the author’s position is reflected with references to the idea that making women idle is the way to oppress and isolate them from any social activities. Thus, the problem of postpartum depression and the methods of its treatment became the frame for discussing the more significant social issue of gender inequality and women’s suppression (Hochman).
More on the Topic What Is the Importance of Irony in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 49 Who is Jane in the Yellow Wallpaper? 5 27 Who Is the Narrator of The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 22 What Is the Theme of The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 23 The importance of referring to the mental illness is emphasized in the short story with the help of the used structure. Thus, Gilman presents the thoughts of the main female character in the form of journal entries.
These entries are essential for examining the process of the development of the woman’s illness. The reader learns about the character’s “temporary nervous depression – a slight hysterical tendency” at the first pages of the journal. Then it is possible to follow the further evolution of the mental illness and the characters’ reaction to it (Gilman 7).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The specific organization of the story also helps readers to focus on the female character’s vision of the situation of her rest cure. The character draws the readers’ attention to the fact that “this is dead paper and a great relief to my mind” (Gilman 7). That is why there are no opportunities to state strictly about the events and things described in the journal entries as about the results of the character’s fantasy or reality.
The woman who suffers from confinement in a room with the yellow wallpaper is the main character and narrator of Gilman’s short story. The other characters depicted in The Yellow Wallpaper are the woman’s husband, John, and his sister Jennie. These persons are presented from the perspective of the main character’s vision of them.
Thus, the readers learn the fact that the character’s husband is a physician, and “John is practical in the extreme. He has no patience with faith, an intense horror of superstition, and he scoffs openly at any talk of things not to be felt and seen and put down in figures” (Gilman 7). Providing John’s characterization in such a way, the author accentuates the traditional vision of a man in 19th-century society.
More about This Topic Who is Jane in the Yellow Wallpaper? 5 27 What Time Period is The Yellow Wallpaper Set in? 5 74 What Is the Narrator’s Name in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 48 In The Yellow Wallpaper, How Does the Changing Description of the Wallpaper Reflect the Narrator’s Changing Character? 5 33 This man is practical and decisive, his word is influential, and his wife should follow his vision of the situation or even obey the orders. From this point, it is possible to discuss the room where John’s wife should live as the place of real confinement. The character of Jennie in The Yellow Wallpaper is presented to emphasize the aspects of the narrator’s illness (Thrailkill). Thus, the woman becomes sure that Jennie is also interested in the wallpaper, but there are also hints in the text that Jennie in The Yellow Wallpaper helps her brother to control his wife.
To analyze the problem of the woman’s oppression and the necessity to obey the husband’s will, one can refer to the idea of imprisonment in a room with the yellow wallpaper. From this point, the examination of the settings is significant for understanding the symbolic meaning of the short story.
The room which becomes the real prison for the main character is in the “colonial mansion, a hereditary estate … a haunted house” (Gilman 7). This house is rented by John in order to provide his wife with the necessary rest cure. However, this treatment of the woman’s depression responds to only men’s vision of the problem, which can be discussed as traditional for the society in the 19th century.
The situation of preventing any work and interactions is not discussed by the woman as good and contributing to her mental health. The woman states, “I believe that congenial work, with excitement and change, would do me good” (Gilman 8). Nevertheless, according to her husband’s will, the woman has to be imprisoned in the room with the yellow wallpaper, which becomes the single trigger for her considerations and ideas.
We will write a custom Essay on Gender Roles in the 19th Century Society: Charlotte Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The main idea of Gilman’s short story is to depict the suppressed position of a woman in the society of the 19th century. However, the author develops the discussion of the problem creatively with references to the female character’s madness. Thus, a woman is portrayed as a person limited in her rights, imprisoned in the yellow room because of the postpartum depression interpreted as psychosis (Knight).
From this perspective, it is necessary to pay attention to the repetition of the question “what is one to do?” which emphasizes the woman’s impossibility to reject the pressure of the social norms according to which a woman should obey her husband (Gilman 7-8). Thus, being the prisoner of social stereotypes, the woman should be isolated from the other world because of her depression. The only way to avoid boredom is to write the diary and concentrate on the color of the wallpaper.
The author’s message is accentuated with the help of the ironic tone used in the story. Gilman presents some hints to make the readers predict the woman’s madness. Thus, the woman states that “there is something strange about the house” at the first pages of the diary, and the next pages of the diary help the readers realize that the woman becomes obsessed with the color of the wallpaper which even transforms into the yellow smell (Gilman 8).
The final stage of the woman’s illness is the focus on the woman who creeps behind the wallpaper. The dramatic irony of the fact can be observed with concentrating on the woman’s discussion of the situation, “life is very much more exciting now than it used to be” (Gilman 19).
Further Research Why Was the Yellow Wallpaper Written? 5 20 What Are the Examples of Foreshadowing in The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 99 Why Does the Narrator First Dislike the Yellow Wallpaper? 5 29 What Happens at the End of The Yellow Wallpaper? 5 70 The message of the story is emphasized with the help of definite symbolic features. The position of woman in the society can be interpreted with references to the yellow room, which plays the role of a prison for the woman, and its color is the symbol of madness.
The distinction in the positions of women and men is also accentuated with the help of depicting the qualities of sunlight and moonlight and their impact on the color of the walls. Furthermore, the wallpaper changes according to the alternations in the woman’s state, and the final stage of these changes are the appearance of a woman behind the wallpaper.
This woman isolated behind the yellow wallpaper can be discussed as the reflection of the main character isolated in the room from the other people. Nevertheless, the most dramatic misconception is the woman’s interpretation of the yellow room as the nursery and its possible usage as the room for isolating insane people.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story reflects the tendencies in the society of the 19th century, which led to a controversial discussion about the role of men and women. The woman’s position in relation to the issue is presented in “The Yellow Wallpaper,” which can be characterized by accentuating the woman’s individuality and self-consciousness in contrast to presenting the men’s gendered pressure, which is based on the social stereotypes and the drawbacks of patriarchy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Gender Roles in the 19th Century Society: Charlotte Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Carnley, Peter. “The Yellow Wallpaper” and Other Sermons. USA: HarperCollins Melbourne, 2001. Print.
Ford, Karen. “The Yellow Wallpaper” and Women’s Discourse.” Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 4.2 (1985): 309-314. Print.
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Yellow Wallpaper. USA: Simon and Brown, 2011. Print.
Hochman, Barbara. “The Reading Habit and “The Yellow Wallpaper.” American Literature 74.1 (2002): 89-110. Print.
Knight, Denise. The Yellow Wall-Paper, Herland, and Selected Writings. USA: Penguin Classics, 2009. Print.
Thrailkill, Jane F. “Doctoring “The Yellow Wallpaper.” ELH 69.2 (2002): 525-566. Print.
Socio Cultural Environment of Saudi Arabia Report essay help
According to the April 2010 Census, Saudi Arabia’s population was 27,136,977 as at that year. It is now estimated that the population could be close to 27,500,000 at present. This population comprises of about 18,707,576 Saudi nationals; those who are not citizens of the country are about 8,429,401. The population has a rapid growth with youths accounting for the majority of the population (Lippman 6).
The education system in Saudi Arabia is exclusively managed by the Ministry of Education assisted by the Ministry of Higher Education. The system comprises about 25,000 schools, 24 public universities and about 8 private ones. Every Saudi citizen is entitled to free education and other educational amenities (Lippman 126).
In Saudi Arabia, Arabic is considered the official language and is used in most of the places including schools and other social places. English is taken as a compulsory second language in schools and it is used mostly in companies, hotels and in schools where it is taught (Zuhur 246).
Most of the Saudis dress in a traditional fashion to preserve their customary values. Some things such as alcoholic drinks are prohibited as they go against the religious teachings. Public exhibitions are considered unacceptable as far as domestic matters are concerned (Zirinski 129).
Saudi Arabia is regarded as an Islamic theocratic dominion in which Islam is the only official religion. Almost all Saudi citizens are Muslims and the only exceptions are passport holders. The other major religions in the country include Christianity and Hinduism, which are mainly practiced by non-Saudi citizens (Zuhur 18).
Technology in Saudi Arabia is managed by Communications and Information Technology Commission. It regulates and hosts a firewall, which determines what is contained on the websites that are accessible in the country. Currently, Saudi Arabia is one of the Asian countries that have recorded significant developments in technology (Zirinski 131).
Political discourse in Saudi Arabia manipulates devout Muslims to comply with the authorities by showing absolute obedience to their rulers. Saudi Arabia’s political discourse prohibits citizens from criticizing their leaders in public. It is a criminal offence to be found making public criticisms about a ruler (Kamrava 341).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Social Organizations
Saudi’s population has always consisted of nomads, villagers and a small number of townspeople. Kinship model is considered pervasive in the country with a lot importance given to the extended family as a unit of social organization (Kamrava 342).
Values and Attitudes
Arabs in Saudi Arabia believe that their dignity and honour are everything and should be well preserved. They also believe that people should be loyal to their families and that someone’s social class and family background determine their positions in the society. Their leading attitude is that everyone should believe in God to have a religious attachment (Zuhur 200).
Comparing Hofstede’s Dimensions of Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates
Hofstede’s dimensions measure how low class individuals in organizations, institutions, and society at large accept and expect resources to be distributed equally to every member of the society. The dimensions assert that the level of equality in a society is mainly determined by the common citizens rather than the leaders.
Saudi Arabia has a higher score of the Hofstede’s dimensions as compared to the United Arab Emirates. The high scores of Saudi Arabia indicate that the there is a large gap between the rich people and the poor ones. The low scores of United Emirates show that the region has as many wealthy people as the poor ones (Barnes 320).
Works Cited Barnes, David. Operations Management: An International Perspective. London: Thomson Learning, 2008. Print.
Kamrava, Mehran. The Nodern Middle East: A political History Since the First World War. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2010. Print.
Lippman, Thomas. Saudi Arabia on the Edge: The Uncertain Future of an American Ally. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2012. Print.
We will write a custom Report on Socio Cultural Environment of Saudi Arabia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Zirinski, Roni. Ad Hoc Arabism: Advertising, Culture, and Technology in Saudi Arabia. New York, NY: Lang, 2005. Print.
Zuhur, Sherifa. Saudi Arabia. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2011. Print.
History of the Imperialism Era in 1848 to 1914 Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
In broad terms, imperialism can be described as the increase of authority of a particular state over another, directly or indirectly. In this paper, however, the term imperialism is used to refer to the era from the year 1848 to 1914 when the power of Europe was extended over several nations of the world. In the 19th century, Europe had more control over majority of America, Asia, as well as Africa in terms of military power, trade power, and intellectual strength.
Europeans justified the European Imperialism between 1848 and 1914 with some rationalizations. According to Merriman, Imperialism was severally justified as an effort to introduce advancement to the less privilege, expand civilization and Christianity, social imperialism, and diplomatic struggle among European authorities, pushed by nationalism.
Several factors motivated the European imperialism. The exploration for new markets for goods produced and manufactured in Europe, raw materials such as cotton and gold for industries in Europe, cheap labor, cheap land, and highly demanded goods, were some factors that motivated European imperialism (Merriman).
Some imperial events occurred during the era 1848 to 1914. Europeans had control over about 8percent of the world’s region, and by 1914, they had control over about 84percent of the world’s region (Merriman). By 1900, British Empire solely, had control over about 20percent of the world’s region and 26percent of the world’s populace (Merriman). Also, Africa and Asia were colonized by Europe.
Europe did this by taking charge of local governments, enforcing standards to the advantage of “backwards” societies, and exploiting for raw materials which were needed by European developing industries. Another imperial event includes the emigration of large European population. The European populace had been on the increase more than other populaces during the era 1848 to 1914. During this time, the pressure from population coupled with enhanced transportation gave rise to the highest migration in history.
Origins of the World War I The World War I started in Europe in June 1914. The origins of the war comprised of tangled reasons, which include the clash and aggression of the forty years resulting to the war. Major factors that facilitated the war include; patriotism, imperialism, coalitions, as well as militarism (Merriman). However, the immediate causes of the conflict were the decisions of the generals and leaders during the clash of 1914 (Merriman).
The war broke after series of lengthy and problematic diplomatic crises that existed among the Great Powers over colonial and European matters in the years prior to 1914 (Merriman). These diplomatic crises were as a result of alterations in the stability of power since 1865.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Tensions from the Balkans region were to a greater extent, an origin of the World War I. Russia and Serbia contested with Austria and Hungary over regional influence and territory; and they eventually dragged other Great Powers to the war via their numerous treaties and associations (Merriman).
The World War I ended on 11 November 1918 after a truce with Germany. Joining of United States in the war and exit or Russia (dual shocks of 1917) directly facilitated the end of World War I. United States had provided allies with supplies and armaments even though they never warred against German until1917.
During the course of the war, Americans were outraged and eventually found their way into the war. United States was declared to join the war and hence, bring peace to Europe. The United States troops joined British and French troops in 1918. The associated victory was not only because of United States’ involvement. Swift progress in the creation of weapons meant that planes and tanks were ordinary by 1918.
Works Cited Merriman, John. A History of Modern Europe: From the French Revolution to the Present, 3rd ed. New York: W. W. Norton
Ethical and Unethical Leadership in Healthcare Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Ethics play a key role in organizational leadership. Therefore, ethical leadership values ethics. As well, it fosters a culture and an environment that supports moral behaviors within organizations. It is applicable in healthcare management, organizational management, public administration, bioethics, and business ethics just to mention but a few (Carter, Urich
Effective use of Social Networking Tools for Zappos.Com Report college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Terms of Reference
Terms of Reference This business report was requested by Mr. Zhang Lee, the Chief Marketing Executive of the company. The main area of interest to be covered is the effective use of social networking tools in the organization. The due date for the report is 22 October 2012.
Rationale This report was requested in response to a recent study, which found that organisations need to employ a different approach to ‘pull’ consumers in the social networking sites (SNSs) rather than ‘push’ marketing messages onto them (Diffley et al., 2011).
The problem with the latter approach is that consumers develop an unfavourable feedback to the marketing message and often express their dissatisfaction to their colleagues and friends in SNSs. This orientation can have an adverse impact on the organisation and weaken the potential of SNSs as a marketing tool, hence the need to develop the correct approach. The change of approach does not require any funds to be committed by the organization.
Procedures The organisation must be at the forefront in using SNSs to reach a wide coverage of consumers for our product and service offerings. As a marketing tool, SNSs are not only more cost-effective to employ, but have the capacity to reach a wider target audience and reinforce the marketing messages needed to drive sales. However, the SNSs must be used with caution so that we may avoid ‘pushing’ the marketing messages for our products and services onto the customers, hence heightening customer dissatisfaction and reducing loyalty.
Data on this topic has been collected using two avenues – Facebook analytics and SurveyMonkey.com. The Facebook analytics has been used to not only collect the profile of our target audience so that we may know how to orient the marketing messages to them to gain more appeal, but also to evaluate the audience statistics, including age, gender, preferences and country of origin.
These statistics are very important in designing marketing messages that will ‘pull’ consumers using SNSs into our product and service offerings. The online survey tool SurveyMonkey.com has been used to seek opinions on how the organisation should design its marketing messages to achieve more appeal among consumers.
Findings The company has been placing pop-up advertisements in SNSs as the primary technique of marketing its product and service offerings online. However, findings demonstrate that pop-up advertisements has become rather frequent on SNSs and are becoming extremely annoying to consumers as they appear without warning, causing users to click on them by mistake.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Clicking these pop-up advertisements by mistake causes users to be redirected to a different site and away from what they were doing, causing further annoyance and dissatisfaction from potential consumers.
To achieve effective social networking, the organisation needs to restructure its advertisement strategy to ensure that advertisements for our products and services do not direct users to a new webpage. Additionally, the organisation needs to create online advertisements that are not only more relevant to the needs, wants and expectations of users, but also more trustworthy, noticeable, appealing and eye-catching.
To conclude, it is suggested that SNSs represent the next frontier for growth and competitiveness in this organisation. As more people join SNSs, the organisation needs to put in place strategies that ensure its online advertising messages have the capacity to ‘pull’ consumers toward its product and service offerings.
Recommendations The organisation should consider the following recommendations
Stop creating advertisements that directs users in SNS to a new webpage to minimise consumer dissatisfaction;
Create online advertisements that are more responsive to the needs, demands, aspirations and expectations of consumers, and;
Adopt necessary strategies to ensure advertisements in SNSs do not pose security threats to the audience.
Reference Diffley, S., Kearns, J., Bennett, W.,
Early Infancy: Benefits of the Toy Mobile Descriptive Essay college essay help: college essay help
During the first three months of life, an infant’s brain exhibits rapid development. The baby has a biological need to learn and absorb information from the outside world; it has a cognitive and a sensory need that requires nurturing at this stage of life ensuring that the rest of the stages in the baby’s life fall in their rightful places. Giving the baby stimulating experiences will help it to develop its brain and lay the foundation for more advanced learning later on as far as the baby’s sensory, biological and cognitive abilities are concerned.
The toy mobile is meant for a three-month old baby boy. The mobile toy is to be hanged in the crib as the child cannot yet sit upright by itself. It is small in size to enable the child to easily reach all its corners. Different toys have different shapes and colors.
The toy mobile is bright-colored with soft keys that have different textures due to the fabrics used-muslin with a square shape. Additionally, the toy mobile has high-contrast patterns. Infants have a tendency of putting all objects within their reach in their mouths. The ideal size of the toys will be significantly big to ensure that the child does not get into his/her mouth.
The toys are all dangling back and forth in a steady speed. In addition to the dangling aspect, the toy mobile has fixtures that enable it to make soft and audible noises. The sounds are musical, some of which having a high tempo while others are rather slow and soothing. For some of the toys, the sounds are triggered by pressing certain buttons/keys while for the rest of the toys sounds are produced by pushing some attachments on the toy.
On pressing the toy mobile’s key, lights of different shades are produced. The mobile toy has the ability to make accidental squeaks once pressed. The child can bat, pull, spin and rattle the toys with ease. The toy mobile is sweet-scented with a yummy taste and has an unbreakable mirror. It also has an activity mat of soft texture. Additionally, it has many convenient features including removable music box, adjustable swivel arm, and push button power.
In the manufacture of the toy mobile, a lot has been taken into consideration as far as cognitive, sensory and biological abilities are concerned because every now and then, infants who are less than eight months old are always thinking, learning and exploring the world around them. They are always discovering new things in their environment. Their age is the age of wonder where the baby is focusing on moving things.
The baby can only see clearly within a distance of around fifteen inches. The baby is in a position to see all colors in the human spectrum and is able to respond to the environment with facial expressions and imitate them. The ability to tell sweet from sour is already built up and the baby can react to familiar sounds. The baby uses their mouths and hands to explore which too has been factored in designing the toy mobile.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The design of the toy mobile provides features that match the sensory, cognitive and biological abilities of an infant. It has multiple attachments each catering for different abilities concerning the above mentioned.
The toy mobile is hanged on a baby crib which provides the infant with a point to focus on during the time they spend in the crib. For the stimulation of the infant’s sense of sight, the different shapes as well as the different shades of the toy serve the purpose because the child can see at this age and make out different moves up, down and even when someone passes by him/her.
The toy mobile is around fifteen inches away from the child because the child can see that far. At the age of three months, the baby’s visual ability is limited since they can only see objects within a fifteen inches diameter as afore mentioned, which is why, the mobile toy is hung at such a level that the baby will not see blurred images and items. The soft keys or rather key pads help in the development of the infant’s sense of touch. Owing to this fact different fabrics are chosen to provide the soft and smooth texture of the toy.
At this age, the baby has opened his fist and almost every now and then, it plays with the feet using the opened fist in a grabbing manner. Hard fabrics will scare the child away from holding things because the child’s hand has just opened up to grasp things and thus it’s very soft and tender thus the muslin square material serves the purpose. This stimulates touch and increases the child’s alertness and attention span.
The toy mobile has dangling toys that dangle in such a manner that the child is made to lift its head and chest as if doing some push-ups. This contributes to the active behavior of the child and enhances its back’s strength. Additionally, the dangling makes strengthen the child’s neck. While dangling, the toys rattle making some noise that the child responds to by laughing or cooing.
Moreover, the toys are made of small sizes to ensure that the baby can hold them, an aspect that enhances the development of the muscles within the infant’s hand. The smaller the size of the toys, the easier and faster the child’s hand will develop as far as holding is concerned.
The child at this age is changing toys from one hand to another. The mobile toy has multiple features that are close for the baby to grab with ease and comfort. This action enhances the child’s cognitive ability to pass objects from one hand to the. Furthermore, being able to reach for the toys will enhance coordination skills in the child that add up to cognitive abilities.
We will write a custom Essay on Early Infancy: Benefits of the Toy Mobile specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The child at this age is making some funny noises and thus for verbal stimulation, the toy is able to make some sensible noise which aids in the child’s development. The accidental squeaks will help the child become more aware of what the hand is doing. Additionally, the ability of the toy to play different tunes of music enables the child to become more vocal.
The music needs to be played from time to time with different tunes for the baby to useful acquire and learn different tunes. The mobile’s position should be changed from time to time to allow the baby to get a new view and sharpen its memory when trying to locate moving. This is made possible by the fact that it has an adjustable swiveled arm. The toy mobile has some soothers that help the child a lot as far as sleep is concerned. It can also be used to regulate the infant’s behavior.
For instance, when the soother plays some gentle music on a repeatedly slow tune, the child goes to sleep. This makes it possible for the sleep patterns to be monitored. When it is time for the baby to sleep, using the toy mobile can ease the caretaker’s task. In enhancing the child’s ability to focus, the baby sitter can point at the different lights produced by the toy. This in return enhances the child’s visual ability as well as the child’s memory.
Switching through the music and finding one that soothes, helps the child learn and adapt to the music for sleep. With this, the child can easily adapt to the outside environment. The squeaking sounds sharpen the child’s hearing ability and the child will follow sounds made from different directions in the toy mobile.
Colors and high-contrast patterns are a great way to stimulate the baby’s visual sense. Bright colors are easily visible and that is why the toy mobile is made of bright colors that enhance sight ability. Additionally, the sweet scent in the crib boosts the smell sensory skill. The yummy taste boosts the child’s ability to the sense of taste.
Additionally, the size of the toys plays a very critical role when it comes to taste because the child will grab a toy and take it straight to its mouth and if very small, it will be swallowed harming the baby. Babies prefer viewing human faces and this makes him laugh with them.
The mirror gives the child the impression that there is someone teasing him/her for at this age the child cannot know that he is the same in the mirror. This boosts visibility and the memory in return. The activity mat laid on the crib for the baby to sit on helps the baby during the tummy time where the baby lifts and tries to lift its legs. This boosts its fine motor skills. The texture of the mat is very useful in preventing bruising of the baby while doing the semi push-ups while lying on its tummy.
In essence, the toy mobile manufactured helps the child a great deal during its growth. The skills to taste, see, hear, smell and touch have been taken care of by the music, the bright colors and contrast pattern, the scented crib, the soft toys among other characteristics of the toy mobile. This makes it easier for the child to move to the next level with enthusiasm and great fitness. The toy enhances the development of the child in all ways possible.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Early Infancy: Benefits of the Toy Mobile by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In conclusion, the toy mobile manufactured is a blessing to the mother and the child as well. The benefits it accrues them both are immeasurable. It stimulates the infants’ sensory, biological and cognitive abilities as discussed above. The nervous system, as a major concern, is developed by the fact that the toy mobile allows the child to move from one state to another with ease.
Giving the baby stimulating experiences will help it to develop its brain and lay the foundation for more advanced learning later on as far as the baby’s sensory, biological and cognitive abilities are concerned. Once one stage of life is well and healthy, the next one becomes easier to undertake. Thus, the three month old baby grows healthy courtesy of the toy mobile.
Organizational Objectives and Total Compensation in Different Markets Essay college admission essay help
Compensation laws and regulations are established with the aim of protecting and safeguarding the rights of works within various departments of work. In other words, these laws play the key role of creating non-discrimination in the benefits provided to workers in terms of compensation.
In that regard, there is need for organizations to come up with effective administration strategies that would ensure there is a total compensation for all their workers. One of the major strategies here is compensation in terms of benefits or allowances, which has become more common in the compensation administration of many employment sectors.
The laws and regulations governing total compensation are almost similar in many workplaces, since they address the same issues regarding workers in those organizations (Martocchio, 2010). The main objective of this paper is to offer an analytical view of the regulations, along with the differences and similarities that would tend to influence compensation of workers in a Biotechnology Organization and other companies in the market.
There are certain laws and regulations affecting the concept of total compensation in different business organizations. One good example of these laws is the Equal Pay Act that was enacted in the year 1963, to protect workers against any form of discrimination regarding their salary or wages on the basis of aspects such as gender, race, or their status at work.
This law offers a restriction against any form of discrimination based on gender differences for persons serving in similar positions within the same organization (Frye, 2004). Another common example of a law attached to total compensation for federal organizations is the Fair Labor Standards Act, which covers things such as equal pay, minimum wages, underage labor regulations and overtime compensation, among other key issues of concern that affect employees in their jobs.
Employees serving in the Biotechnology sector share the same benefits with other workers from other organizations, as it is dictated by various labor laws and regulations under the federal umbrella. For instance, just like employees from other organizations, workers serving in the biotechnology company are entitled to the demands of the Equal Pay Act, since their working particulars are not any different from those of other organizations, where the issue of gender prevails.
Similarly, employees in the biotechnology are also entitled to the demands of the Retirement Income Security Act, 1974, just like other employees from other companies in the market. The main goal of this law is to ensure that workers’ pension plans are well regulated and observed across various organizations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, companies operating within the biotechnology industry would tend to indulge in matters involving special hazards to health, in the development of useful products. Other noteworthy issues which may affect biotechnology employees are ethical and moral-related aspects that are likely to be realized in their working conditions and processes.
Unlike other employees, workers in the biotechnology sector are always exposed to many environmental and social issues, and in that regard, their compensation plans deserve special care and attention. In this respect, the provisions of Old Age, Survivors, Disability and Health Insurance Program (OASDHI) would be necessary for anyone working in the industry.
This program would guarantee the workers supplementary security income and medical concern among other benefits, thus helping to boost employees’ motivation. Another law which may be relevant to biotechnology employees is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, 1996. This regulation provides many provisions which address the working conditions of these people.
References Frye, M. (2004). Equity-based compensation for employees: firm performance and determinants. Journal of Financial Research, 27(1), 31-54.
Martocchio, J. (2010). Strategic Compensation: A Human Resource Management Approach. New York: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Work of Composition Essay a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The English language has gained a wide acceptance and is being used by many people across the world. This language is used as an official language in many countries. Globalization is said to be the major cause of English Internationalization. Many nations are currently under pressure to involve English in their communication. The non native speaking countries are also under pressure to learn the language in order to facilitate communication in the international world.
This paper summarizes the arguments provided in the article “An Essay on the Work of Composition,” which has been written by Min-Zhan Lu. The article is found in the journal titled “College composition and communication” that was published in the year 2004.
Argument Summary As the language attracts considerable users across the world, there is a need to establish what is meant by being a responsive and a responsible user of English. There are assumptions, which have helped in the development of responsible and responsive approaches to the relationship between English users and the language itself.
The reason for summarizing this essay is to ensure that it is possible to reiterate the major points of the argument faster, at any time, and anywhere. In addition, it is important to incorporate summaries in any paper that has been written in order to communicate the main ideas of the work effectively.
Thesis There has been a set of reasons as to why English users need to be responsive and responsible. Globalization has been mentioned to be among the drivers for the increased use of the language. In fact, the aspect of globalization can be argued to be the main reason for the spread of the English language. The aspect of globalization tends to bring countries together to interact through business transactions.
However, the use of the English language varies depending on the purpose and individual users. The author of the article presents assumptions, which are likely to develop considerable responsive and responsible approaches in the relation between English and its users. The main argument presented in the essay is that the assumptions developed by the author can help in the composition of the English language against the grain of all systems and relations of injustice.
Sub-arguments In supporting her argument, the author says that people should be responsible especially in the catastrophe of the modern world. Being responsible will help people who are using the language. This is especially in selecting the best places where they can use the language, as well as how it should be used. People have to overcome the fears of communication breakdowns resulting from language imperfection. This will ensure responsibility and responsive communication is achieved.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If a language is not effective, then it can as well be termed as dead. The language effectiveness depends on its ability to pass on the required message at the right time. Language should not be biased for it to be effective. In this case, the non native speaking countries are making efforts to learn the language in order to communicate effectively using the language.
As the language continues to become international, it is being differentiated into various versions with varying accents and pronunciation depending on the country that is using the language. The pressure to learn the language will eventually submerge the other cultures in the process.
The use of English as a monopolistic language is likely to lead to capitalism, which is said to be in the interest of the US. An approach that is said to be behind this relationship of English and other languages is the commodity approach. Individuals learn the English version they need depending on the commodity they want.
There is a fear that the designers of tools for learning such a language are likely to suppress the efforts to acquire or learn the language. This becomes challenging since people do not understand how the English users establish the different ways to design standards of learning the language.
Users of the English language experience some level of dissonance in their discursive resources, and this has an influence on the English they are interested to learn. In fact, potential dissonance can assist an English writer in grasping the context of the language.
If efforts are made to make the redesigned language to an existence of collectiveness, this is likely to bring long term changes. Therefore, the composition need to be redesigned. In the long run, this will help in the composition of the English language irrespective of all the challenges.
Conclusion The English language has become or is becoming an international language at a high rate. The language has gone on to include a number of versions, which are dependent on the country in which the language is being used. As a result, learners will learn the version they wish to know depending on their interests.
We will write a custom Essay on Work of Composition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Different approaches define the relation between the English language and other languages. Nonetheless, there have been fears that the increased pressure to learn the US English is likely to result into capitalism. That is why the new approaches need to be embraced.
Understanding the Influence of Imperialism on World Cultures through Literature and Arts Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Through arts and literary pieces, people know much about a country’s culture and its relationship with other countries’ history. Imperialism had significant effects on world cultures. Colonization by western countries led to significant changes in the cultural practices of the developing countries (Said 123). Among the cultures influenced by the imperialism included the African culture, Latin American culture, and the Middle East culture.
A person that grew up in one of the Hispanic countries can understand the history of the Hispanic culture. As Spaniards continued expanding their territory in the Latin American countries, they influenced the natives’ way of life leading to most of the Latin Americans abandoning their culture and adopting the Hispanic culture. The interaction led to changes in language, architecture, and cuisine just to mention but a few (Gray 231-238).
The same happened to most of the other cultures across the globe that came into direct interaction with the western culture. The best way of identifying how imperialism influenced artworks and literatures from different places is by comparing some of the artworks and literatures with the western culture.
Effects of imperialism Imperialism and social bond
Imperialism had a significant influence on the social bond within the African communities. Traditionally, Africans were known for having strong attachment to their families and children. Nevertheless, interaction with the western culture led to Africans losing their attachment to family and relatives. Salih confessed, “…something rather like fog [to rise] up between them and me the first instance I saw them” (45).
This confession showed how Salih was detached from his family and relatives after living in Britain for some time. Interaction with the western culture made him abandon his African culture.
Besides, Mustafa Sa’eed, one of the characters in the novel “Season of Immigration to the North”, went to the extent of sexually assaulting and killing a British woman. The seven years that Mustafa spent in Britain made him lose both the self-respect and respect for others, particular women. He could tell false stories about Africa just to lure the British women into having sexual affairs with him.
African culture respected sex and no one could engage in sexual offences. Nevertheless, interaction with the European culture led to Africans gradually taking sexuality with less seriousness than before. While the Africans considered sex as sacred, the western culture did not take it too serious and everyone could engage in it without fear (Prendergast 78).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Africans who visited the western countries lost their touch with the African culture and adapted the western culture. Hence, they started seeing matters touching on sex and sexuality as normal. People like Mustafa could go about sleeping with every woman without fear. They no longer valued sex and sexuality, and thus they were not attached to people they could call their wives.
Effects of imperialism on languages
Imperialism had a significant effect on the African languages. As the Europeans continued their colonization in Africa, they introduced the English language. Eventually, some of the Africans started seeing their languages as inferior and yearned to learn the English language. To most of the Africans, it was hard to surmount the world if one did not understand English; hence, they were willing to do all it takes to learn the language.
In South Africa, the colonial government ensured that it taught the Africans using the Afrikaans language (Jameson 65-69). Teaching them in English would have made it hard for the British to control the Africans. However, as Africans interacted with the British people, they learnt how significant the English language was.
Eventually, they staged demonstrations to push the colonial government into teaching them in English. Numerous students died in the process, as they demanded to be taught in English. Eventually, the Africans abandoned their language and adopted English. English became the official language of communication not only in the African countries, but also in most of the countries across the globe.
Apart from adopting the English language as the language of communication, imperialism contributed to people learning varied languages to ease their communication. Eventually, most of the developing countries became multilingual where people could communicate in the language that they found comfortable. In “Midaq Alley”, Faraj posits, “…I kept telling them that they can’t learn a language just by memorizing words and phrases.
The only way to learn is by experience” (Mahfouz 123). This assertion shows how people were determined to learn other languages to facilitate communication during the imperialism era. People struggled to get employment since they believed that the best place to learn other languages was at workplaces. Here, one could interact with people from different parts thus getting a better chance to learn different languages.
During the era of imperialism, the Europeans came up with a stereotype that the Middle Eastern government was marred by inefficiency and corruption. Actually, the Europeans went to the extent of claiming that Turks and the Arabs could not make a good government (Mitchell 103). On the contrary, traditionally, the Middle East was popular for appropriate governance and civilization.
We will write a custom Essay on Understanding the Influence of Imperialism on World Cultures through Literature and Arts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, the Ottoman Empire that ruled most of the Europe hailed from the Middle East. In the nineteenth century, some European writers came up with articles painting the Middle Eastern leaders as naturally lazy and corrupt (Mitchell 105), while on the other hand, they painted the European leaders as naturally capable and morally upright. These writings led to most of the people in the Middle Eastern region changing their perception towards their leaders.
Eventually, they ceased supporting their own people and supported the European leaders. For the British Empire to establish itself in India and Egypt, it came up with allegations that people in these countries could not enjoy democracy and liberty due to poor leadership. The British imperialists used this stereotype to justify their takeover in India and Egypt claiming that they were trying to improve the living standards of the locals in the two states (Mitchell 113).
Effects of imperialism on architecture
Imperialism had a significant effect on architecture. As the British went on establishing new territories in the Middle East, they introduced novel technologically advanced building techniques. In India for instance, they introduced new building materials that the Indians embraced to enhance their cultural building techniques.
The British highly valued the early Indian culture and its artifacts such as architecture. Consequently, they retained most of the traditional architects in the country. On the other hand, the Indians used varied architectural buildings for various roles. Some worked as the dwelling places for their gods. Ghosh Amitav, in “Sea of Poppies”, brought out the significance of some of their buildings.
Kabutri asked her mother, “Are you going to put it in the puja room?” (Ghosh 65), after her mother saw a ship that astonished her. She had never seen such a ship before and thought that it had some significant meaning that she needed to preserve. The British introduced new architectural techniques in the country. These novel techniques essentially altered not only the meaning and role, but also the general appearance and the perception of architecture among the British and the Indians.
Both the Indians and the British had significant effects on each other’s cultures, continually changing people’s morals, values, spiritual, and scientific understandings. Granted, the British experienced less swift stinging and emotional changes in their lives. Nevertheless, there was an in-depth change, even though slight, it is actually measurable (Petras 139-142).
As the Indians adapted British opinions, words, and tastes that they found desirable, numerous British architectural symbols started appearing in India. The Indians were adopting these architectural symbols to help in improving their social status.
They started establishing structures such as, libraries, railroad stations, and public facilities (Petras 145-148). Most of the Indians were not willing to embrace these changes. However, as the need for economic development intensified, they started seeing the importance of having such structures, thus supported the establishment of the same.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Understanding the Influence of Imperialism on World Cultures through Literature and Arts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Change of perception concerning other cultures
Even though people living in the Western countries saw images of the Eastern countries in varied paintings and literary works, the images were significantly similar from the two sources. Furthermore, the images were significantly different from what the Western countries knew before (Phillipson 162-164).
Prior to the advent of imperialism in the Middle East, the French and the British literature and art presented the Middle East as entirely different from Europe. However, in the late nineteenth century as well as early twentieth century, British literature and art presented the Middle East as a region that was not only different from Europe, but also a complete opposite of the European culture (Phillipson 166-167).
This perception justified imperialism as everybody in Europe started seeing the Middle East as inferior. Paintings portraying women in “harem” and men that had non-European characteristics further tainted the image of the Middle East culture. European men were responsible for coming up with these paintings. They had little idea on how an upper-class woman in the Middle East looked like. Hence, they just used their imaginations to come up with paintings that represented these women.
Effects of imperialism on Economy
Imperialism had a significant impact on the economy. In Africa, imperialism helped women become self-reliant economically. Initially, women could not engage in any activity geared towards generating income. Instead, they depended on their husbands for support. The role of a woman was to remain at home and look after the family. Nevertheless, with the onset of imperialism, women started engaging in income generating activities and they could be employed.
In “Midaq Alley”, Mahfouz quotes a woman called Hamida, who envies the employed women. Hamida posits, “If you had seen the factory girls, you should just see those Jewish girls who go to work” (Mahfouz 115). In this context, Mahfouz shows how imperialism led to improvement in the economic status of the colonized countries. Initially, women hardly wore elegant clothes since they could not afford them.
Besides, their husbands could not buy for them lovely clothes since they had other responsibilities to attend to like providing for the family. However, with the onset of imperialism and colonization, the culture of women staying at home to look after the family ended. Some of the liberated women could now participate in employed activities and generate some income thus raising their social and economic status.
Imperialism led to women becoming independent financially, thus reliving them from exploitation by their husbands. In a way, this element fueled the desire by women to remain single. Mahfouz quoted Mrs. Afify claiming that employment rescued her from the bitterness of marriage; she said, “No more of the bitterness of marriage” (123).
Mrs. Afify spent most of her time in her financial activities. Consequently, she had limited time to think about her unmarried life. According to her, she believed that every man was out to spend her money and mistreat her in the end as her previous husband did. Consequently, she was not ready to get married again.
Conclusion Imperialism had significant effects on the world culture. It had significant effects on language, architecture, economy, social bond, and led to stereotyping. Due to imperialism, the western countries made their languages appear official, and thus most of their colonies had to adopt the foreign languages as their official language. In India, imperialism led to the Indians adopting the British architecture.
The British introduced new architectural facilities like libraries; moreover, courtesy of imperialism, women started participating in income generating projects, while traditionally they remained at home to look after the family. Imperialism led to countries changing their perceptions concerning other cultures. Western countries saw the Middle East culture as inferior. In addition, imperialism led to disintegration of the social bond among the Africans.
Works Cited Ghosh, Amitav. Sea of Poppies. London: Penguin, 2009. Print.
Gray, Mel. “Dilemmas of international social work: paradoxical processes in indigenization, universalism and imperialism.” International Journal of Social Welfare 14.3 (2005): 231-238. Print.
Jameson, Fredric. “Third-World literature in the era of multinational capitalism.” Social Text 15.1 (1997): 65-69. Print.
Mahfouz, Naguib. Midaq Alley. New York: Anchor, 1992. Print.
Mitchell, Timothy. Colonizing Egypt. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Print.
Petras, James. “Cultural imperialism in the late 20th century.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 23.2 (1997): 139-148. Print.
Phillipson, Robert. “Linguistic imperialism: African perspectives.” ELT Journal 50.2 (1996): 160-167. Print.
Prendergast, Christopher. Debating World Literature. New York: Prentice Hall, 2004. Print.
Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon, 1978. Print.
Salih, Tayeb. Season of Migration to the North. New York: NYRB Classics, 2009. Print.
Ethics: Moral Issues in Business Expository Essay argumentative essay help
Introduction “Moral Issues in Business” is one of the most accepted books on business ethics accessible today. The authors of the book, William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry present an exceptionally meticulous and realistic guide to the character of morality, accountability, economic righteousness and the ethical issues that crop up in the place of work.
Ethical conduct embodies an extensively accepted first-rate business practice. Ethical behavior is about knowing what is correct and incorrect (Sims 45). A decision that fulfills permissible values and satisfies ethical standards in a society qualify to be ethical. Ethics and corporate social responsibility link together in business (Sims 51).
The view of Robert Solomon on Ethical Behavior and Success in Business In the book, Solomon generates a captivating view on business and ethics. In his view, irreproachable ethics is comparable to principled business. Solomon thinks that an excellently performing business is a reward for meritorious ethics (Shaw and Barry 14).
Ethical behavior among all actors in a business is necessary for positive results. A business should develop a mechanism or strategy to ensure that its workers uphold ethical values. Ethical businesses should address issues on corporate social responsibility, customer needs, relevant laws and policies as well as business reliability (Sims 76).
Solomon argues that an ethical business should think about helping the people neighboring it. This constitutes the corporate social responsibility of a business. A business can do this by investing a fraction of its profit in improving infrastructure in the community. Solomon also says that an ethical business should consider any possible danger that their activities could pose to people.
A business should add value to a community and while addressing any possible threats. Solomon finally holds the view that a business should generate employment opportunities for local people (Shaw and Barry 47). This will improve business relations with the community as well as improving the general image of the business.
A character of ethical decisions generates trust in a business among fellow associates, suppliers and customers (Sims 88). The community holds high expectations from a business in terms of conduct that enhances its image. Use of decision-making skills in ethical decisions helps in building an ethical business reflection. Decision-making skills help a business to identify problems, consider varied solutions to a problem and gathering of data (Sims 98).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In most cases, businesses rush into decisions without clearing the causative element. A problem will usually have a wide-range of solutions, and it is important to consider them before settling for a permanent solution. When making a decision it is essential to collect as much information as possible.
Practical Reasons Offered by Solomon for Behaving Ethically Solomon believed that ethics were considerable business. Solomon provides three workable reasons for ethical behavior by businesses. The three reasons are compliance, contributions and consequences (Shaw and Barry 79). Ethical business practices entail compliance with the relevant laws and policies.
Doing right things and avoiding wicked ones should be the foundation of an ethical business guiding principle (Sims 104). As earlier discussed, it is ethical for a business to contribute towards the development in a community. This helps in improving both the business and the community image. The third reason offered by Solomon requires a business to take responsibility for its actions. A business should take full responsibility for the consequences of their actions regardless of whether they are positive or negative.
Conclusion In conclusion, it is right to ascertain that ethical behavior directly links to success in a business. A business that upholds ethical conduct generates intimate relations with all the actors. This influences the image of the business as well as that of the community in a positive way. Ethics and business are inseparable.
Works Cited Shaw, William and Barry Vincent. Moral Issues in Business. New York, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2009. Print.
Sims, Ronald. Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility: Why Giants Fall. New York, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003. Print.
Immigrants Rights in the US Essay essay help online: essay help online
From the book, it is evident that people are forced to seek refuge in foreign countries because of various reasons, including economic reasons, social reasons, and political reasons.
The standards of living might be poor in the home country forcing individuals to shift to places perceived to be with better living standards. In developing countries, the economic conditions tend to be unpredictable, something that makes life difficult for individuals. People might lack employment because companies are compelled to dismiss workers due to continued registration of loses.
Since life might seem comfortable in the host countries, an individual would invite family members to join him or her on temporary or permanent basis. This is often referred to as chain migration. However, political instabilities are the main causes of immigration in the world today. Those perceived to be opposed to the political system of the state are expected to operate outside the state borders. Such individuals are termed as political dissidents because they do not support oppressive policies.
The author of the book goes ahead to suggest that refugees face a serious challenge as regards to human rights. Human beings enjoy fundamental rights and freedoms, irrespective of citizenship, ethnicity, and race.
Immigrants are subjected to unfair treatment and constant discrimination based on race, ethnicity, and gender. In the book, five types of rights are mentioned suggesting that immigrants are expected to enjoy all of them. The first one is the civil rights, which include freedom from cruelty, torture, harassment, and illegal acts by government. Furthermore, an immigrant has a freedom to move freely from home country to the host country.
While in the host country, the law recognizes the rights of immigrants implying that in the eyes of the law, an immigrant has equal opportunities as the aboriginal citizen. The second category of rights pertains to economic rights, what other scholars term as worker rights. Under this category, an immigrant has the right to be employed in any organization and should be protected from unfair treatment, such as discrimination.
Political rights are the third category of human rights granted to any immigrant. This means that immigrants have the right to vote and to be voted for during any election, as long as they qualify. Immigrants are encouraged to maintain their cultures without being forced to assimilate. Finally, all immigrants have social rights meaning that they have the right to access quality education and quality medical care.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, immigrants are usually subjected to unfair treatment in various countries. For instance, a report compiled by the American Civil Liberties Union observed that immigrants are subjected to unfair treatment in the detention facilities. The organization undertook a study on four main detention facilities in the US. One of the detention facilities was Stewart Detention Center, which is one of the largest detention facilities in the US.
The organization claimed concluded that the facility violates immigration policies yet the government is reluctant to act. Immigrants are housed in a prisonlike facility whereby human and civil rights are observed. In particular, illegal immigrants are victims of unfair treatment in the detention facilities.
Private organizations operate detention facilities in the US, which is against the international law. The human rights groups have urged the government to deregister the private organizations operating the detention facilities on grounds of abuse. From this perspective, immigrants have no rights in the host countries because they are perceived as desperate individuals who have no option, but to work under difficult conditions.
Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay essay help free: essay help free
In his article Famine, Affluence, and Morality, Peter Singer reveals the prevailing situation in Bengal, India, and the international relief awarded to the refugees. He suggests that affluent countries reacted to the situation in an unjustifiable manner. Therefore, his goal is to change the way moral issues are handled.
He says, “[I]f it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it” (Singer, 1972, pp. 233-234). In this argument, he proposes that people need to prevent suffering from happening if they are willing and able to do so.
As a counter argument, there are many people in the world obliged to help. Therefore, helping is not the moral obligation of any individual. His response is that, if all people show just a bit of responsibility, then any problem that arises would be dealt with jointly, which would be more effective (Sandberg
Personality, Mood and Anxiety Disorders Essay college admissions essay help
Personality, mood and anxiety disorders show relevant overlaps because they have similar symptoms. For instance, anxiety is accompanied my certain mood disorders. The disorders therefore do not have major differences.
However, there are slight differences between personality disorders such as OCD and anxiety disorders. Social phobia and avoidant personality disorder have some common characteristics. The process of combining symptoms leads to wrong diagnosis of diseases. This mostly occurs to individuals with mood and generalized anxiety disorders.
Researchers often try to give a detailed explanation of anxiety and mood disorders in terms of their nature. Their research is driven by problems of taxonomy such as heterogeneity and comorbidity. Comorbidity is a situation where individuals show signs of different disorders at the same time.
The condition is caused by overlap of hypothesized elements that are considered distinct. Comorbidity therefore increases prevalence of discriminant validity when many people are affected. Although personality disorders sometimes overlap or show differences that are not clear, they are usually differentiated through three distinct methods.
The first method is used to distinguish personality disorders from anxiety and mood disorders and involves analysis of ego-syntonic features present, chronic causes and early onset of the disorders. Ego-syntonic features are elements that do not change their consistency with regard to identity of an individual.
The second method is used to distinguish anxiety disorders from depressive conditions by observing real symptoms, events and childhood characteristics. In addition, personality characteristics, indicators of differential outcome and genetic models are observed.
The third method distinguishes mood disorders from other disorders through specific methods. The diagnosis is done by observing physical impacts of medical conditions like stroke. In addition, the method focuses on the history of patients and related laboratory results or physical examination.
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Difference between Deliberate and Emergent Strategies Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Deliberate strategy is structured and properly planned before the implementation process while emergent strategy is characterised by direct activities that are not meant to address any prior plan. Different scholars have engaged in debates to ascertain which of the two strategies is better.
Firms that are more stable and willing to dominate the market prefer deliberate strategy while those that are unstable and flexible prefer emergent version. Deliberate strategy emphasises on structural plan that is common to the institutions with hierarchal power distance systems, where all activities carried out by the organisation must be discussed and approved (Glavin, Haidar, Hill and Jones, 2007). Deliberate strategy is an outline of how objectives will be carried out so as to satisfy the overall objective effectively.
On the other hand, the emergent strategy is best in unstable environment when the planning process is seen as time consuming and a limit to profitability. The management allows free actions without formalities at different scenarios. Studies, however, postulate that a combination of the two strategies would be more effective.
For instance, the organisation would cope better with the fluctuations in the case of emergent strategy. Consequently, the adoption of deliberate approach would ensure that the firm prepares adequately for the implementation plan. Even if emergent strategy emphasis is on the approach to cope with all scenarios, the deliberate strategy equally promotes preparedness of the firm for implementation process (Scheer, 2007).
SWOT analysis of Giordano Essay essay help
SWOT analysis illustrates the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that a company experience in an industry. Through this analysis, it is possible to establish the competitiveness of a company in the industry. Giordano is one of the most influential companies in the clothing industry in the Asian market.
The company begun its business in Hong Kong, and has expanded gradually to cover most regions of Asia. Initially, the company ventured into the men’s casual wears business, which made it one of the most reputable firms in the industry. This is attributed to the fact that its rivals were not competitive in terms of service provision and marketing. Over time, it diversified its products and services to meet the needs of its clients.
Giordano has gained its strengths in the course of operation. The management culture and style of leadership contribute significantly to its strengths. In this case, the company has instilled flexibility amongst its employees since new ideas are highly appreciated. The culture has made the company venture into new markets, and incorporates new production techniques based on customers’ taste and preference.
Meanwhile, the services offered by the company are targeted at satisfying the needs of the customers. Effective service delivery has been one of the ways has been to enhance customers’ relationships. Some of the ways adopted include hospitality of the employees, marketing behaviors and practices of the company. As a result, the company has been able to win the loyalty of customers since they are treated appropriately.
The nature of services delivered by the company has contributed to its strengths. In this regard, the company offers varied kinds of products in its retail stores. Since the retail stores are distributed across most markets in the regions, it implies that customers can easily access the products at their own convenience.
In addition, the company enjoyed the benefits of being the first company to explore the clothing business, which enabled it to establish its stores at convenient locations in the region. Consequently, the company can invest in any form of customer service campaign easily. Through this process, the company has gained a reputation in the region, which makes it earn substantial profits.
The adoption of the up-to-date technology has been critical to Giordano success in the industry. One of the main roles played by the technological facilities is inventory control. For this reason, the company has efficiently monitored the demand of its products and the production process.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, the management deals appropriately with the needs of the customers at the retail store level. Furthermore, technological facilities have been critical towards the management of service delivery, and improvement of customer relation with management.
Giordano’s practices of product differentiation and market reposition contribute to its strengths. In this case, the company invests significant resources in ensuring that its products and services are differentiated from those of its rivals. For this reason, the company provides consumers with unique and quality products. In addition, the company creates value in its products, which changes its market position in the minds of consumers. Consequently, the company is rated as one of the leading companies in terms of clothing production for both men and women.
Regardless of the above strengths portrayed by the company in the industry, it experiences multiple weaknesses. The rapid expansion undertaken by the company contributes to one of its weaknesses. In this case, the company is faced with difficulties in monitoring the operations undertaken in its retail stores in the international stores.
Another factor that contributes to its weakness is the decentralized form of management. Through this initiative, the company is not able to scrutinize effectively the operations of the stores. This is attributed to variation in regional cultures and practices. Consequently, it affects the overall performance of the company in terms of sales and customer-oriented services.
Another weakness experienced by the company is the selection of its workforce. Through a tight scrutiny process of the candidates, the company identifies the ideal employees. After this process, the company trains and develops them before they are taken to the field.
However, the fact that knowledge and skills acquired during the training and development process may not be effectively employed in the service delivery stage, affects service provision. This notion is attributed to variation in personalities of individuals selected for employment. Consequently, it affects the general performance of the company in the industry.
The decision to restrict the number of brands offered within the stores contributes to its weaknesses. In this regard, the company has experienced stiff competition from its rivals. Consequently, this practice will minimize the variety of consumers’ needs addressed by the company. This is because the consumers will view the company as an option rather than the ultimate products’ supplier.
We will write a custom Essay on SWOT analysis of Giordano specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Following the strengths and weaknesses experience of the company, there are immense opportunities that it can exploit. In this case, the company is endowed with a substantial capital base, which enables it to invest in diversified investments.
Over time, the company has been specializing in production of casual clothes for both men and women. As a result, the company has potential to segment the needs of the consumers based on demographic factors. This implies that consumers’ needs based on one’s age vary, which offers the company humble opportunity to exploit.
Another opportunity attributable to the company is its ideal location of retail stores. In this regard, the company has to offer varied kinds of products and services based on customers’ tastes and preference. Through this process, it can exploit the market segmentation of consumers based on their social status.
This will create variation in the margins from the sales made by the company. Notably, the exploitation of technological advancement in service delivery improves the rating of the company in the industry. Consequently, the company can restructure its corporate strategy to suit the dynamism of the market. When all these opportunities are fully harnessed, the rating of the company in the industry will be impressive.
Despite Giordano’s impressive performance in the industry over the previous periods, it will face substantial threats in the future. Initially, it is critical for the company to reposition itself against the emerging new rivals. This element is vital for the company since it influences its performance and customers’ loyalty.
Another critical element is the sustenance of its previous performance and level of service delivery. Since this element is an output of various efforts, the issue must be consistently monitored to move in relation with customers’ needs. Consequently, it can improve its competitive advantage against its rivals. Lastly, the expansion and diversification of the company contributes to one of the threats.
In this case, the company must consider multiple factors, which could hinder its performance in the international market. This involves issues such as marketing mix, corporate strategies and the nature of products and services offered. Through an efficient analysis of the critical factors exposed to the company based on SWOT analysis, it is possible to identify measures that can be adopted to improve the competitive nature of Giordano.
Psychological Freedom Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Psychological Freedom and Self-Determination
Introduction Fences is a play written by August Wilson, an American playwright, in 1983. The play explores experiences of black Americans during the 1950s concerning racial discriminations that dominated the society. The play focuses on the life of Troy, the main character, a family man who is 53 years old.
His wife, Rose, and his son, Cory, rely on him in every aspect of their life. In the play, Troy struggles to provide for his family by performing menial jobs. During his youthful period, Troy was a baseball player, but he did not manage to reap most out of his talent because racial discrimination denied him the opportunity to play major leagues in baseball. According to Wilson, Troy differs from his son when he denies him a chance to play in school football (37).
In the play, Troy works as a garbage man, and later manages to work as a truck driver after a series of struggles because racial discrimination restrains black men from working as drivers. Troy has an affair with Alberta, so they have a daughter, Raynell. Unfortunately, Alberta dies during delivery. In this view, this essay seeks to explain psychological freedom and self-determination as exhibited in the play by depicting how Wilson’s life experiences influenced the development of the play.
Psychological Freedom and Self-Determination The play, Fences, reflects struggles that August Wilson encountered in his life. Since his father left him, his mother and stepfather assume the responsibility of raising and providing him with essential education that he needs. However, August Wilson did not continue with his education because “he was accused of plagiarism at school when he wrote sophisticated paper, which the administration did not believe he could write” (Wilson 2).
The school administration suspends and denies him a chance to continue with his studies. Despite the suspension, August Wilson exhibits self-determination by going to the local library where he studies on his own. After reading extensively, he manages to gain literary skills that help him venture into play writing.
During his childhood, August Wilson is determined to become an author, but his mother dreams to see him as an attorney. Given that August Wilson refuses to comply with his mother’s demands, she compels him to move out of their home and join the United States Army.
The self-determination and freedom of choice make August Wilson pursue his own dream. Although his mother has a strong influence on his life, August Wilson manages to overcome it when he decides to go against her wishes. Burbank highlights, “Wilson’s artistic and political efforts overlap as attempts to elaborate the identity of descendants of slaves; to restore agency to a population otherwise collectively reduced to a trope” (122).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Wilson’s experience relates to the experience of Cory and his father Troy in the play. Troy denies his son to take part in the football because he believes that racism may hinder Cory’s performance and progress as it did to him years ago. Hence, the experience of family pressure on career development, as the play exhibits, relates to the experiences of August Wilson.
Given that August Wilson experiences racial discrimination against black Americans, he employs his literary skills in fighting racism. Burbank argues, “Wilson’s work revealed Black Americans to be forcibly infused aliens, shaping their destiny as best they could within a strange culture” (117).
Experiences in racism and self-determination prompt Wilson to join black power movement to fight for the rights of the black Americans. In his literary articles and books, August Wilson focuses on the experiences of the black as most of his works illustrate. The play even deals with experiences of the black; hence, it means that his historical experiences are central in development of the play.
In the play, Troy reveals his irritation when he questions why the black employees are unable to work as garbage truck drivers. He observes that the white employers undermine black employees because blacks have a chance to work only as garbage collectors.
Discrimination against the blacks makes Troy feel inferior as a black. In his experiences and struggles, Troy sees the importance of fighting for self-determination and refuses to submit to inferior status, thus enabling him to secure a job as a truck driver in the city. According to Wilson, Troy “has been given promotion that will make him the first black garbage truck driver in the city” (34). Through determination, this promotion makes Troy overcome racism and feel superior.
Although he has a wife, Troy has a clandestine affair with another woman. The affair results in Alberta becoming pregnant. Unfortunately, she dies during delivery. Troy decides to take the child, Raynell, and raise him with his wife. He is not sure if his wife will accept to take care of the baby.
Fortunately, he convinces his wife to take care of the child, as a stepmother. According to Wilson, “Rose takes in Raynell as her own child, but refuses to be dutiful as Troy’s wife,” (63). Therefore, Troy exhibits self-determination as he succeeds in making his wife accept his affair with Alberta and convince her to take care of the kid. In spite of issues in his family, Troy is self-determined because he tries to solve them.
We will write a custom Essay on Psychological Freedom specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cory, the son of Troy and Rose, plays football in the school team. His father is jealous of him and goes ahead to stop him from participating in the football league by telling the coach not to allow Cory to participate in the game. In spite of attempts by his father to prevent him from playing football, persistence gives Cory the impetus to continue with his career in the football club.
Wilson states that being unable to deter Cory, “Troy warns Cory that his insubordination is a strike against him” (44). Troy extends his evil deeds by fighting Cory and ensures that he sends him out of the house on allegations that Cory must be self-reliant. Through his determination, Cory secures a job in the military and comes home to attend Troy’s funeral. Hence, self-determination and freedom enable Cory to pursue his dreams despite his father’s influence.
Conclusion Fences is a play that illustrates the life of Troy, the main character of the play in terms of experiences that he undergoes in a racist society that is full of struggles. The play exhibits determination that Troy employs as he faces numerous challenges in life that prompt him to endure and continue pursuing his dreams.
Moreover, the play is a reflection of life’s experiences of the writer, August Wilson, because the main character shares common experiences with the writer. Comparatively, both Troy and August Wilson differ from their parents regarding their careers, thus prompting them to enter into military. Therefore, the play does not only provide experiences of the blacks but also reflects life’s experiences of August Wilson. Apparently, no barrier can withstand self-determination, as explored in Fences.
Works Cited Burbank, Surgei. “The shattered mirror: what August Wilson means and willed to mean.” College Literature 36.2 (2009): 117-129. EBSCOhost. Web.
Wilson, August. Fences: A Play. New York: Plume, 1986. Print.
Pricing Goods Internationally Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Among the most difficult decisions to make as regards international business, is whether to price the commodities in the local currency or in United States dollars. While other companies may prefer to price their goods in the local currency to identify themselves with the local people, others will want to be secure from exchange rate fluctuations and thus price their goods in U.S. Dollars.
Pricing goods in U. S. dollars in a foreign country sends an impression to the locals that the goods might be somewhat expensive compared to local products (Langley, 2002). On the same note, people usually prefer using their local currency when buying or selling commodities. Therefore, it will be a bit difficult for people to have U.S. dollars with them during shopping.
Consequently, this might reduce the demand for the commodities due to lack of money to use (Clarke, 2004). At the same time, pricing goods in American Dollars will require people to calculate the cost of the goods in local currency which might discourage many people. However, this decision protects exporters from exchange fluctuations hence ensuring that their income is relatively stable.
On the other hand, pricing commodities in the local currency gives an exporter a competitive advantage as it identifies the firm with the locals. On the same note, demand for the firm’s commodities will increase because it will be easy for even the unlearned to determine the actual cost of the commodity (Langley, 2002). Unfortunately, due to uncertainty surrounding the exchange rates, the exporters are not able to know their income upfront because the income keeps on varying depending on the exchange rate.
To avoid the exchange rate risk that arises from international trade, the exchange parity theory is usually applied. The theory states that if there is no arbitrage, then the difference in interest rates of two currencies will be depicted on the premium or discount for forward exchange rate of the foreign currency (Madura, 2009). According to rate parity theory, foreign and domestic assets are believed to be perfect substitutes of each other while capital can easily be moved between the countries.
The theory can be applied in two scenarios: when the exchange rate risk is unaccounted for (uncovered interest rate parity), and when the exchange rate risk in taken into account using forward contract. A combination of the uncovered rate parity and purchasing power parity depicts the real interest rate parity. Through the real interest rate parity, economists are able to get expected interest rates which are used to focus the predictable future exchange rates (Clark, 2004).
Furthermore, forward foreign exchange contract can be used to cushion firms against foreign exchange fluctuations. Forward foreign exchange contract refers to an agreement reached between two parties that allows for the purchase of one currency at a particular rate on or before a given date.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More No matter what the changes may be in the exchange rates, the buyer will buy at the agreed rate until the specified date. The contract enables firms to plan confidently for the future since the cost of transaction is specific, and the agreement has no other fee except the exchange rate. However, this can lead to a loss incase of depreciation in exchange rate since the agreement cannot be bypassed.
The forward exchange rate between United States of America can be determined by using the formulae:
F=S (1 i$) / (1 ic)
Where: F is the forward exchange rate
S is the current sport exchange rate
i$ is the United States interest rate
ic is the Egyptian exchange rate
We will write a custom Essay on Pricing Goods Internationally specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Taking S to be 6.10 Egyptian pounds
i$ to be 0.25%, and
ic to be 9.25%.
Then F= 6.10 (1 0.25) / (1 9.25)
F= 0.74 Egyptian pounds.
It should be noted that the monetary policy of a country can highly influence interest rates and exchange rates. To begin with, assume that an expansionary monetary policy is implemented by the central bank. Other factors held constant, this will increase disposable income and people will have more to spend.
As a result, more people will be willing to deposit their money in banks. At the same time, banks will be having excess liquidity which they would be more than willing to offload by way of loans to people. Unfortunately, people will be unwilling to take loans because of excess liquidity. Under this scenario, money supply will exceed money demand and interest rates will be high.
Consequently banks will be forced to reduce interest rates to stimulate demand for loans. It is important to note here that as interest rates reduce, demand for loans from banks will be triggered and continue rising until a state of equilibrium between interest rates and demand for money is reached (Langley, 2002). Therefore, monetary policy either decreases or increases interest rates depending on whether it is expansionary or contractionary.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Pricing Goods Internationally by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the same note, there is a very strong relationship between interest rates and exchange rates. Increase in interest rates leads to increase in the rate of return on foreign currency assets. All other factors held constant, the increase in rate of return causes depreciation in the exchange rate (Madura, 2009). The opposite is true when expansionary monetary policy is implemented instead of the contractionary monetary policy.
However, apart from the monetary policy and interest rates there are other factors that influence exchange rate fluctuations. First and foremost, there is inflation rate which determines the prices of commodities. When inflation rate is higher the commodities of a country become relatively expensive and exports decline.
Consequently, fewer people will need the currency of that country which will lead to depreciation of the exchange rate. Secondly, current account deficit implies that the country’s demand for foreign currency is more than it supplies. In other instances, to reduce the deficit some governments depreciate their currency. Similarly, large public debt requires servicing either through borrowing or through other means. In some cases this will lead to increased inflation and hence depreciation in exchange rates (Langley, 2002).
On the other hand, if speculators think that the value of a currency will increase in future, demand for the currency will increase hence the exchange rate will rise. Moreover, political instability highly influences the confidence of investors and their willingness to invest; and by extension the exchange rate. In some instances, governments can also interfere directly with the exchange rate when they want to fix the exchange rate at a specific rate.
Though all of these factors might not be applicable in Egypt, some will definitely be applicable. Political stability in Egypt is not guaranteed if what was experienced recently is anything to go by. Though the regime people were fighting against was toppled, the economy has not fully recovered from the effects of the riots.
On the same note, Egypt operates on a current account deficit year in year out and this is something to take note of. Moreover, inflation is not very predictable when it comes to Egypt and this can influence the exchange rate. Nevertheless, Egypt pegs its exchange rate on the U.S. dollar and this can reduce the exchange rate fluctuations.
References Clark, P. B. (2004). A New Look at Exchange Volatility and Trade Flows. Washington: International Monetary Fund.
Langley, V. S. (2002). Exchange Rate Volatility and International Agricultural Trade. Ontario: Captus Press.
Madura, J. (2009). International Financial Management. Stanford: Cengage Learning.
Living Classical Music Composer: Phillip Grass Descriptive Essay essay help
Introduction Classical music is a vibrant and living tradition today. Classic music emerged in the beginning of the 11th century in the West. The music has a unique staff notation thereby making unique and classic. In the recent past, new forms of music have emerged thereby threatening the survival of classical music. Such music genres include hip-hop, rock, country and soul. However, some composers and musicians continue to make the music vibrant.
Such musicians include people like Philip Glass and Lowell Liebmann. Despite the challenges resulting from these new forms of music, classic music has remained unique than all the other forms of music composition. This paper will discuss Philip Glass who is one of the living composers writing in the classical music tradition. The paper will discuss his background and musical influences. The paper will also discuss Akhnaten, one of the composer’s famous pieces.
Philip Glass: Background Philip is a famous American composer. He is among the influential composers of the last century. Due to the unique nature of his music, many people have classified under classical compositions. Philips Glass was born in 1937, January 31 in Maryland. He was the son of Benjamin Glass and Ida Gouline.
His father was a businessperson. He owned a record store where he kept various music pieces and compositions. His father’s collection also consisted of western classical compositions and music operas. This included some compositions by Ludwig Beethoven and Schubert (Hoffer 73). It is notable that the compositions made a unique impression on Glass. He wanted to study music and become a great composer later in his life.
As a child, Philip decided to study the flute at the famous Peabody Music Conservatory. He studied philosophy and mathematics at the University of Chicago. While living in Chicago, Philip Glass made an important discovery of Webern. The discovery helped him compose his first twelve-tone trio. In 1954, the upcoming composer went to France where he saw the films of Cocteau Jean. The films made a strong impression on Glass.
He decided to join the Juilliard Music School to study keyboard and composition. He won the BMI Student Composition Award in 1959. In 1960, he composed his first concerto. Since then he has composed various orchestral, chamber and choral pieces. Since the 1960s, Philip Glass has produced various music, compositions, operas and poems (Potter 42). These achievements have made his one of the widely recognized composers of classical music.
Musical and Other Influences Philip decided to become an artist after listening to various chorals and compositions from his father’s music store when he was a child. He decided to pursue music composition in school. He studied the keyboard and flute in different music schools. The films of Cocteau also inspired him to become a composer than ever before.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He also gained much knowledge and ideas from people like William Bergsma and Vincent Persichetti. The composition teachers equipped him with the needed ideas and skills to become a music composer. For very many years, Philip Glass was interested in different compositions by people like Ludwig Beethoven among others. These musical influences created a strong impression on him thereby making it possible to pursue his dreams and goals (Potter 84).
In 1964, the composer received a scholarship to study under Nadia Boulanger. While in Paris, Glass learned many ideas and skills as a composer. The lessons would make a lasting influence on him. This influenced all his future work. However, Glass realized that most of the music by the French musicians was not exciting.
The only thing that impressed him was the theatre performance and films (Hoffer 38). During the time, Glass became friends with famous people like Nancy Graves and Richard Serra. These people influenced his ideas and skills. He continued to compose new works and music for different theatre performances and movies. The experience helped Glass improve his skills as a composer.
Throughout his life, Glass has travelled a lot in search for ideas and inspiration. He has travelled widely thereby gaining much experience as a music composer. He described his work as classic and the reason it has remained outstanding for years. In the 1980s, Glass decided to turn to opera and symphonic music (Knowlson 19).
By this time, Glass had acquired enough skills and ideas about music composition. It is notable that his music is similar to electronic, world, and rock music. Philip has also collaborated with various artists such as Mick Jagger, Suzanne Vega and David Byrne among others. Philip Glass has also inspired many people around the world.
Philip Glass’ Akhnaten Opera
Akhnaten is an outstanding composition by Glass. The opera is composed in three acts. Philip Glass considers the work as one of his greatest opera compositions. The composition is based on the religious convictions and the life of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV of Egypt. The composer wrote the composition in 1983. However, it premiered in 1984.
The orchestra by Glass adopted the size used in the 19th century music opera. This includes 2 eboes, 2 flutes, 2 bassoons, 2 clarinets, 2 tuba, 2 trumpets, 8 celli, 2 trombones, percussion, tuba, 12 violas, and 6 double basses. The use of the orchestra size used during the 19th century music opera makes the work attractive and unique than most of the modern day opera compositions (Hoffer 84).
We will write a custom Essay on Living Classical Music Composer: Phillip Grass specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Due to the small size of the Opera house where the composition was to be performed for the first time, Glass decided to avoid the use of the 20 violins. This gave the orchestra a somber, darker character. However, the approach made it easier for it to fit the intended subject. The reason why I consider the composition as one of Glass’ greatest compositions is that it followed the conventional aspects of opera orchestra compared to his earlier compositions.
The music is in three phases or acts. Act 1 is composed in A minor. The composer uses strings to introduce the bass theme. The scribe then recites the texts from the Egyptian pyramids. The first act has three scenes: the funeral of Amenhotep III, Akhnaten’s father, Akhnaten’s coronation, and the appearance of the widow.
The second act presents the next ten years in Akhetaten and Thebes. This act has four scenes: the temple, Nefertiti and Akhnaten, the City-Dance, and finally the Hymn. This is followed by the third act (Richardson 37). The act begins from year 17 to present. The act also has four scenes as follows: the family, the fall of the attacked city, the ruins, and finally the epilogue.
This composition by Philip Glass is widely recognized by many people because it tells a unique story while maintaining the unique structure of the 19th century orchestra compositions. The piece was produced in three Acts thereby making it unique that the earlier compositions by the same artist. The ability to follow the conventional attributes of orchestra is a great achievement by Philip Glass. It is acceptable that the opera is easily accessible to the unaware listener. This made the composition better that most of Philip’s predecessors.
The composition also underlines and follows the dramatic analysis presented by the intended story (Richardson 65). The other strength of the music is that it uses effective melodic and harmonic combination of language. This varies throughout the composition and changes frequently than in his earlier compositions. This music is acknowledgeable is a classical composition because it presents a romantic and more theatrical quality.
Philip Glass is a great composer who has helped conserve the unique nature of classical music. Many people believe that Glass is one of the influential musicians of the 20th century. This is because he has been prolific and at the same time, he is entertaining many people across the world. As a child, Glass wanted to become a musician, but of a different kind. He realized that most of the music compositions were not entertaining.
His mission was to bring something new to the people. He decided to pursue something different thereby establishing himself as a great classic musician and composer. Among his works, Akhnaten is a unique composition that tells a story while maintaining the elements of the 19th century orchestra. The composition is a conventional opera that follows the unique elements of orchestra music. Philip Glass will remain an influential composer and musician of the modern era.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Living Classical Music Composer: Phillip Grass by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Hoffer, Charles. Music Listening Today. New York: Schirmer, 2006. Print.
Knowlson, James. Damned to Fame: The Life of Samuel Beckett. New York: Grove Press, 2004. Print.
Potter, Keith. Music in the Twentieth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Print.
Richardson, John. Singing Archaeology: Philip Glass’s “Akhnaten”. New York: Wesleyan University Press, 1999. Print.
Trade Show Critique Report essay help free: essay help free
Assessment of the Booths The two booths present very innovative and high quality products in the show. However, there are specific disparities notable in the two presentations. Perhaps, this might be attributed to the differences in the policies and organizational cultures of the two companies. Unidem Sales Inc. has continually transformed its presentation strategies and features (Marketplace Events 2012).
The presentation indicates a significant improvement from the previous shows. It is one of the leading companies with magnificent presentations in the Home Shows. Unidem Sales Inc. has a strategic location within the Home Show. Most customers can easily access the display section of the company. In essence, it is observable that there are no visible obstructions within the scenario. This condition enables easy traffic flow and movement of customers within the display section.
The adjacent booths within the location offer competitive advantage to the company. The situation enables Unidem Sales Inc. to adopt and implement transformative mechanisms for presentation. Observably, some of these adjacent booths present unique products. Consequently, this reduces the level of competition for customers. There are heavy traffic movements within the area of display. This means that the company is exposed to the public (UNIDEM Sales Inc. ND).
Different personalities have the capacity to access and view the company’s products within the Home Show. This is advantageous because it increases the level of sales and promotion of the company’s goods. The booth covers a remarkably wider section within the whole show ground. The dimensions are adequate to contain a relatively high number of window shoppers or customers. However, this is possible within specific intervals.
The layout enables easy movement of customers and staff within the booth. Adequate lighting is provided within the entire show room. The glass walls used in the show room increases the ease of visual access. In addition, the architectural design applied in the show room enables free air circulation.
Apart from this, it enables penetration of natural light rays and applies the current “green concept” technology. Unidem Sales Inc. does not apply any presentation or graphic technology within the show room (UNIDEM Sales Inc. ND). The company targets the potential homeowners and real estate agents. Therefore, it readily meets its target audience within the Home Show booth.
The customers obtain brochures, placards and printed exhibition materials from the booth. These are important in diverse ways. For instance, the visiting clients can influence their fellows to obtain their home decors from the booth. This increases the volume of sales and revenues for the Unidem Sales Inc (Marketplace Events 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indicatively, samples are not available for all the visiting customers. This may have a limiting impact on the sales turn out. The booth is hospitable and friendly to all visiting customers. These conditions are depicted by the excellent and friendly customer service initiatives offered by the company staff within the booth.
Umbra store has a very distinct promotion booth. The booth is located within a spacious area with easy accessibility by all clients. There is limited traffic movement within its area of location (Umbra Ltd. 2010). The situation is unlike in the case of the other booths. All clients access the booth during any time.
Traffic congestion is limited and individuals walk freely to the various points within the booth. Any competitor does not surround the booth. Therefore, it enjoys high level of monotony. The booth is slightly wider in dimensions as compared to the Unidem Sales Inc. The layout allows easy mobility, adequate space of window-shopping and increased level of contact between the clients and the promotion staff.
The arrangement of products enables customers to view and compare these goods in terms of different prices, quality and value. All walls of the booth are made of painted translucent glass. The painted glass walls attract customers and provide a great deal of aesthetic quality to the booth.
Ideally, this is a unique quality depicted by the Umbra Store (Marketplace Events 2012). The booth uses artificial lighting systems. These are supported by powerful backups from generators installed in the exterior of the building. The building design limits the application of natural lighting. However, the booth still has adequate visibility.
The use of different genres of music within the booth caters for the entertainment needs of different age categories of customers. The booth also applies graphic display technologies. The technology allows the display of different products in three dimensions within particular intervals.
Moreover, the booth uses the recent technologies in the demonstration of the various products within its shelves. This provides it with a competitive advantage over the Unidem Sales Inc. The Umbra Stores deals in assorted array of products (Umbra Ltd. 2010). These are mostly used for decorations and fittings within the domestic domain.
We will write a custom Report on Trade Show Critique specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some of the potential clients include families, homeowners, real estate agencies, hoteliers and business organizations within the hospitality industry. It is observable that the company has a considerably wide range of customers as compared to its competitors. The booth provides discounts to visiting clients.
These are in form of takeaway product samples (Marketplace Events 2012). However, it does not offer the promotional materials such as brochures for its esteemed clients. The booth has an ambient and comfortable environment for all its clients. Generally, it provides a quality environment for business deals.
Conclusion The Home Show harbors several participants. However, both the two highlighted booths are unique and competitive. They both utilize transformative presentation skills to enhance their marketing efforts to all customers. Particularly, Umbra Store has a modern booth. The booth applies contemporary technology in the display of its products (Umbra Ltd. 2010).
Evidently, the booth is strategically located within the show room. It enjoys a high level of accessibility by all clients. These observations are unique and different from the applications within the Unidem Sales Inc. The Umbra Store uses different genres of music in their promotion within the booth. The concept helps in the attraction and entertainment of many clients from different cultures, backgrounds and age categories.
Unidem Sales Inc. lacks the graphic presentation technologies for the display of their products. Additionally, it has a limited capacity for visual display. The customers do not have adequate visual access to all the products within the booth (UNIDEM Sales Inc. ND). The Umbra Stores have integrated transformative architectural designs. Their booth has sufficient lighting and space necessary for all clients. It is clear that the Umbra Stores have distinct features from other booths within the Home Show.
There is a high level of competition within all markets. As a result, only innovative companies are able to survive. The Umbra Stores have diverse products in their booth. Customers can access all household products needed under a single roof. This provides it with a competitive edge as compared to the adjacent booths.
Works Cited Marketplace Events. Smart Living Steam Mop / Unidem Sales Inc. Booth 554. 2012. Web.
Marketplace Events. Umbra Store. Booth 958. 2012. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Trade Show Critique by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Umbra Ltd. What’s New. New arrivals from the Umbra designers. 2010. Web.
UNIDEM Sales Inc. About Us. ND. Web.
Crisis in the Federal Reserve Bank of United States of America in 2007 Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
The central bankers of the Federal Reserve Bank of United States of America, the European Central Bank and the Bank of Japan have been included among the world’s most influential people due to their economic influence. To begin with, the federal reserve bank’s monetary decisions usually influence the adjustment in most of the world‘s economies, because most transactions take place using U.S. Dollars.
On the same note, these economies are among the world’s top economies and any action taken by their monetary committee always has spillovers to other countries in the world (Kolb, 2010). These economies, being among the world’s top importers and exporters, usually change their money supply and interest rates which influence trade in the whole world; and this is usually done by the central bankers.
In March 2009, following the effects of the financial crisis the Federal Reserve Bank opted for an expansionary monetary policy. The FED announced its intentions to buy $300 billion longer-term securities, and increase purchases for agency debt to $200 billion and mortgage-backed securities to $1.25 trillion. The expansionary monetary policy meant that there was an increase in money supply, which increased the amount of money that people were holding.
In this regard, many people had money they were willing to deposit in banks while banks held a lot of money they were willing to lend (Kolb, 2010). Therefore, interest rates were reduced to discourage people from depositing money and encourage them to borrow from banks. On the other hand, due to reduced interest rates, exchange rates also depreciated in relation to other currencies (Hall
Direct business model is better than traditional business model Essay college essay help near me
Background A comparison between direct business model and traditional business model depends on the selling network or the channel applied by the company in order to build a solid relationship with customers. There is close cooperation between wholesalers, retailers and firms that operate in a traditional business model when they are in the process of manufacturing and supplying finished products to the targeted market. However, clients and manufactures are usually sidelined in this process in terms of direct interaction.
This is an indication that the firm that uses a direct business model heavily relies on retailers and wholesalers to develop a strong relationship with customers. If consumer’s demand for value can be met by the available intermediaries, then it makes it possible for the manufacturer to create a closer link with the target market.
This translates into repeated purchases and increased revenue. However, if retailers and wholesalers are unable to meet the company’s’ expected value offering, then it is likely that there will be poor relationship between the firm and its customers. Therefore, it is necessary for the firm to identify the correct intermediaries who are capable of meeting the value offering of the company to the consumers (Fusco, 2010).
On the other hand, a direct business model aims at creating a direct relationship between the company and its customers by making direct offers to customers in order to address their needs. In this model, it is easier for companies to develop a direct relationship with customers.
Use of technology such as internet makes it easier for companies to create a website that provides information on the products and services offered by the company. The company’s website also shows transaction options to help minimize involvement of intermediaries and consequently enable the company to concentrate on building direct relationship with the customers (Fusco, 2010).
Some companies such as Dell have managed to realize significant growth as a result of using the direct business model. According to Kraemer, Dedrick and Yamashiro (2000), the outstanding performance of Dell Company can be attributed to the company’s innovative response to fundamental and competitive factors in the computer industry.
Dell has also been able to improve on its product and service portfolio through its inventory method bearing in mind the direct business model bridges the gap between consumers and the producer. This has enabled the company to realize higher investment returns and a larger market share. The direct business model being used by Dell has also benefited greatly from the adoption of latest platform of technological development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Flexibility and efficiency in the manner services are being offered have been improved in comparison to reliance on offline services and outdated technology. Therefore, this research paper explains the reasons why a direct business model is better compared to a traditional business model. In this analysis, Dell Company has been used as a typical example of a company that uses a direct business model while HP company as been used as a company that applies traditional business model.
Comparison between direct business model and traditional business model The direct business model used by Dell Company offers numerous advantages to the company in relation to the traditional business model that has been adopted by HP.
In terms of relationship building, Dell has successfully managed to use the direct business model to take specifications and orders from customers, forward them to assembling plants and later on deliver the final products to customers. Both technical support services and selling to customers directly has been made much easier since the company makes use of one-on-one communication systems such as telephones.
On the other hand, HP has not been in a position to adequately extend such services to customers. This is mainly because of the existence of middlemen in the distribution chain. Some of the appointed distributors may not have the necessary knowledge and skills regarding the features of the product being sold to the customer.
Offering such services to the customers involve complex procedures since the distributors need to communicate with the company about the issues raised by the customers. With regard to market expansion, Dell has used the direct business model to expand into the global market allowing the company to reach a top position amongst other manufacturers of personal computers.
The model also allowed Dell to serve diverse markets as a result of lower prices of goods. Dell managed to lower the prices because of elimination of extra costs which are particularly spent on intermediaries involved in the marketing of products. HP cannot manage to lower the cost of its products because of the absence of such opportunities for reducing the total production cost which allow the reduction of prices.
Involvement of middlemen in product distribution is likely to increase the price of a product since all the parties involved in distribution are interested in making substantial profits (Shaw, 2003). Thus, it is likely that the retailers and wholesalers will increase the profit in order to realize more profits.
We will write a custom Essay on Direct business model is better than traditional business model specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The direct business model has enabled Dell to leverage its relationship with both customers and suppliers. Through such relationships, the company has been virtually integrated and thereby allowing it to focus on issues that add value and growth to its establishment. This model enables customers to get the exact products that they require.
Specifically, Dell uses the information gathered from the direct customers before and after making any sale in order to provide services that match the needs of customers. When the direct business model was first introduced by Dell Company, its competitors like HP were using the traditional model that involves selling of products through distributors.
The use of direct model enables Dell to have continuous communication with its customers. The chief advantage associated with direct communication is that Dell is able to monitor the sale trends and at the same time learn about the unmet needs of the customers. In order to drive the direct model, Dell Company uses the information gathered from the customers. This information relates to the products and services needed by customers and the time when the customers expect to complete a transaction (Shaw, 2003).
The direct selling model has made it easier for Dell Company to eliminate additional capital required in sales and marketing. On the other hand, the traditional business model used by HP does not provide an opportunity for customers to interact with directly with the manufacturing company. This is from the fact that retailers or wholesalers are interested in making sales other than consumer satisfaction. Direct selling eliminates such middlemen and allows the firm to make continuous contact with customers.
According to Kraemer, Dedrick and Yamashiro (2000), the direct approach used by Dell provides the company with approximately 6% cost advantage in relation to the traditional approach used by HP. Kraemer, Dedrick and Yamashiro (2000) note that the direct sales approach provides Dell Company with detailed knowledge of its customers. One of the major setbacks at HP is that all the feedbacks obtained from customers are secondary in nature and also takes a lot of time before such feedback processes are accomplished.
The direct business model has also enabled Dell Company to run business with low inventory making it unnecessary to have a warehouse. This is because the components of given products are gathered after placement of an order by the customer. From the fact that personal computers are not prebuilt, the company can manage to offer full product customization. This means that customers are free to choose their preferred processor, RAM level, graphic cards and other features.
The result is an efficient production which is based on the customer expectations. In the case of HP, it is extremely difficult for customers to obtain their exact products since the products are already manufactured without consulting consumers. The consumers lack the freedom of defining the specifications of a given product. Instead, the customers are limited to choose from the few available options which at times may not meet the expectations of most consumers (Shaw, 2003).
The direct business model makes it easier for Dell to segment customers into different groups such as international, transactional and relationship customers. Therefore, the company is always in a position to adjust its offerings as per the changing tastes and preferences of consumers. Moreover, it takes a relatively short period of time to make such changes because of segmentation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Direct business model is better than traditional business model by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Each customer or region is provided with a sales representative tasked with the responsibility of attending to the needs of the customers. On the other hand, HP cannot manage to segment its customers because of the existence of a wide chain of distribution that complicates this process.
The absence of a direct relationship with customers makes it exceedingly difficult for HP to monitor the behavior and perception of customers toward the products and service offered by the company. The direct business model has also enabled Dell Company to lower the price of its products. This is due to the elimination of middlemen thereby saving extra cost on retailers. Consequently, the savings are passed to the customers (Baumann, 2010).
The direct selling model offers the Dell company firsthand intelligence on the needs and preferences of the customers. Whenever there are technical or mechanical hitches after products have been purchased, clients are allowed to contact the company promptly using the available portals. It has also facilitated easy monitoring of all the activities that takes place in the company.
In case a defect is observed, the company is able to send this information to the design engineers so that they can correct that particular problem. Dell’s management believes that its ability to quickly address customer’s issues and complaints give the company a significant boost over its rivals, particularly manufacturers such as HP.
Customers who observe defects after purchasing HP products are likely to wait for long before their issues can be addressed. Customers are required to make complaints to the appointed dealers who in turn forward these complaints to the manufacturers. This is a process that takes considerably a lot of time especially under circumstances whereby the middlemen are reluctant to forward the customers complaints to the manufacturer.
Clients who are located in diverse market locations have been offered the opportunity to drive the communication system since they solely initiate conversations to the company whenever they are in need to make any inquiries. The traditional business models cannot provide this kind of opportunity. This is because it might take longer for new computer models manufactured by HP to reach the distributors.
Use of technology Dell has successfully used technology to generate more revenue and reduce the company’s cost. The company launched www.dell.com in the year 1994 (Baumann, 2010). Currently, the site receives millions of visits from customers in different countries. More than half of Dell’s sales are web-enabled with other technical support also occurring online. The internet strategy of the company makes use of three principles which are all aimed at creating quality customer experiences, reducing costs and convenience use.
Customers are able to access the company’s site at all times. This makes it possible for customers to access any information from the company at all times. The internet is a self-service infrastructure and this helps in reducing the cost. The quality experience of the customer comes in because of the reduced cost especially when customers decide to buy Dell products online.
When making any online order, customers have the option of designing their computer with features that suit their needs. After identifying the features, customers are able to see the price of the product from the web page. In case of any changes, adjustments in prices are also reflected on the page. Payment can be made using different payment options provided by the company.
For instance, customers are free to pay online or pay directly to the company. Customers are also in a position to monitor the state of their computers in different states and production stages. In addition, the customers are provided with full sales support which is done through the internet .Detailed instructions are available in the pages which customers can use to resolve minor issues and question (Viardot, 2004). It is evident that Dell has used the internet strategy as a major tool for out-competing its competitors like HP.
Online transactions involve lesser costs compared to the traditional business model used by HP. Baumann (2010) is quite categorical that technology has enabled Dell to minimize costs while increasing revenue. This allows for profit optimization and also reduces the time spent by consumers in purchasing the product.
Dell Company has also used a considerable large amount of capital on technology to control inventory. The additional capital has mostly been used by the company especially in its effort to engage in advanced intermediaries like marketing blogs and blog service providers that are all sponsored by the company. The major advantage of such services is provision of comments, reviews and tips regarding the products and services of the company.
There are various links for the company on the internet that have been sponsored that enable clients to obtain additional information on various products that are being offered by the company. Such information also includes specifications of each products and the price list. any available discounts are also stated through these links. in addition, Dell has managed to set up an interaction platform that makes it possible for its current and prospective clients to interact with the support department of the company.
The blogs also provide a conversational and relaxed atmosphere to Dell’s customers and at the same time enable customers to read the company’s advertisements. The company has also used additional capital to widen up its network partnership. Dell Company has realized that there is need to maintain constant communication with its customers especially when the latter is need to make inquiries or clarifications. This practice has tremendously boosted its relationship with clients.
The use of technology offered Dell Company an excellent opportunity of developing a more cost-effective version of direct selling. Leeman (2010) observes that Dell Company was the first manufacturer of personal computers that made use of new technology like the internet in reducing the company’s cost.
After opening its business through website, Dell managed to realize increased sales and the sales continued to increase at a rate of twenty percent per month. According to Leeman, more than eighty percent of internet orders were built, customized and distributed to different customers under a remarkably short duration of time. The company only spent more time on testing its products and loading different software compared to the time spent in assembling these components.
On the other hand, companies like HP which rely on the traditional sales model had to wait for more than thirty five days before receiving payments from its primary dealers. Dell has used so much money on technology especially in developing premier pages. Moreover, it is now possible for clients from different target markets to have direct access to the most valuable information of the company through its premier online portal. This strategy offers numerous benefits to customers.
These include providing customers with prices of these products and placing online orders that are electronically forwarded to the top-level managers for approval. Customers can also use the premier pages to sort invoices and transaction history. These improvements have reduced the volume of paperwork that Dell used to make use of in the past. In addition, less time is being spent when carrying out accounting and ordering processes.
This strategy has not just helped to control costs. It has also helped the company to control its inventory. Through technology, Dell is able to know the different products sold in different countries together with the software installed and warranty records for its products. Technology has therefore boosted the productivity of its sales representatives based in different countries and consequently outwitted its competitors in delivering services to customers.
Conclusion To sum it up, this essay has explored the direct and traditional business models with cross reference to Dell and HP companies. It is vital to reiterate that the context of a company largely determines the type of business model to put in place. This is an indication that the direct business model has enabled Dell to benefit significantly compared to the benefits enjoyed by HP. The latter uses the traditional business model.
However, as Dell Company continues to expand, there is need for the company to apply the traditional business model to its current mode. This will help Dell reach a wider market especially at this time when computer assemblers and manufacturers are facing intensive competition. Dell can also work towards applying the merits of the two types of business models since it will enable it boost its marketing and production capacity. This approach will consequently lead to higher revenues.
References Baumann, C. (2010). Analysis of the website www.dell.com: Corporate Web Communication. New York: GRIN Verlag.
Fusco, M. (2010).An Analysis of the Competing Business Models of Online Journalism. New York: lulu.com
Kraemer, K.L, Dedrick, J,
Exchange Rate Decline Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Investing in international markets involves encounter with various challenges such as sudden changes in market value. Basically the changes in foreign currency exchange rates affect all international investments.
Nature of risks differs based on the kind of investment and the conditions within the market. It is important for individuals to learn about the political, economic and social conditions of foreign markets before investing. This enables better understanding of the factors affecting financial outcomes and stock prices (Krugman and Obstfeld, 2011).
Some of the potential risks and gains of pricing goods in United States Dollar when selling in an international market Investors face different potential challenges when operating in the global markets. Most of the challenges are associated with changes in exchange rates. The changes nature of fluctuations experienced with exchange rate impacts return on investment either negatively or positively.
International prices of goods are majorly based on US dollar since it is one of the strongest currencies preferred for international trade. Most of the transactions are done in United States dollars then later converted to local currency of the trading country. Significant increase on return on investment is usually experienced in times when foreign currency strengthens against the US dollar; this is since more dollars are realized when converted into foreign currency.
In times when foreign currency weakens against the dollar low return on investment is recorded since the conversion results into less dollars. At some point some countries usually impose controls in the foreign currency hence restricting the movement of the specified currency out of the country of origin (Krugman and Obstfeld, 2011).
The other risk involves the dramatic changes in market value of foreign markets. Individual investors have experienced loss of money in the process of trying to invest based on U.S. market. This is since timing the U.S. market leaves one with the decision of when to leave or get back based on either fall or rise in prices.
The benefits of trading in U.S. dollars provides the opportunity to growth since it assures one of reducing the risk of losing money in case of abrupt change in the strength of the local currency. It also enables the company trading to expose their investments to both domestic and foreign stocks enabling smooth ride in the overall returns (Krugman and Obstfeld, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Explanation on Interest rate Parity theory and how it is used to predict future exchange rates This is a financial theory created based on the fact that the difference between two countries’ interest rates equals to the difference between their forward exchange rates and their spot exchange rates. Forward exchange rate could be referred to as a form of future trading whereby an investor accepts to exchange a currency at specified rate and specified future date.
Spot exchange rate on the other hand refers to the present conversion rates utilized by investors while converting their returns into money. The interest rate parity theory infers that buying currency in the capacity of a spot exchange rate, then transferring the investment to foreign country offering different interest rate results into same amount based on conditions of the forward exchange rate (Levich, 2001).
Interest rate parity works since its absence leads to presence of small investment opportunities. This is considered to exist as a result of the differences between interest rates and exchange rates. Recovery on the equilibrium of interest rate parity leads to disappearance of arbitrage investment due increase in demand for currencies or rise in debt.
Calculation on the current Forward Exchange Rate for the United States and Egypt
Forward Exchange Rate = (spot price) × [(1 foreign interest rate)/ (1 base interest rate)] n.
United States 1USD is equivalent to 6.10EGP
Spot Price 6.10EGP = 1 USD
The interest rate in Egypt is 9.25% while that in the United States is 0.25%. The payment is made within one year, hence n=1
We will write a custom Essay on Exchange Rate Decline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Forward Exchange Rate = 6.1(1.0925/1.0025)1 = 6.65 EGP = 1USD
Hence in one year 6.65 EGP will serve the equivalence of 1USD (Levich, 2001).
Relationship between monetary policy, interest rates and exchange rates Interest rates and exchange rates can easily be linked through effects of inflation. Expected inflation affects to greater extent nominal interest rates while foreign and domestic inflation affects exchange rates. There is profound relationship between exchange rate and monetary policy regimes. This can be explained through economic logic models where monetary control is done through bank reserves which ultimately lead to the direction of floating exchange rate.
Monetary policy, interest rates and exchange rates relate in such a manner that either of the three may support or undermine the rest within domestic or external markets. Differentials in exchange rate have extensive effect on the operations of monetary policy. This is since monetary policy determines the kind of exchange rate policy used based on the market trends (Krugman and Obstfeld, 2011).
Factors influencing exchange rate fluctuations Exchange rate is considered as one of the most vital determinant of the health level of any country’s economy. This is since exchange rate performs crucial role in determining nature of trade a country indulges in and at the same time it impacts the level of returns within an investors’ portfolio.
The nature of trading partnership between countries in the international market is determined by kind of exchange rate preferred based on their individual currencies. Differential exhibited in the rate of inflation affects exchange rates. An experience of decreased inflation rates normally is an indication of significant strength experienced in the currency value.
This leads to an increase in the level of purchasing power of the party country relative to other currencies in operation within the international market. However, increase in inflation rates leads to currency depreciation in currency. Interest rates are also considered as potential influencers of inflation rates as well as the value of various currencies within the international market. High interest rates normally attract foreign capital causing rise in the exchange rate (Grimwade, 2000).
Public debt also influences exchange rates since most countries engage in transactions meant for financing projects. Such activities help in stimulating domestic economy which ultimately determines whether the domestic market is suitable for foreign investment. Large amounts of debts influences high inflation rates and this is serviced through payment by cheaper real dollars. The level of default within the currency determines foreigners’ willingness to own securities denominated by such weak currency (Grimwade, 2000).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Exchange Rate Decline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion Decline in exchange rate contributes to low purchasing power obtained from resulting returns. Investors are therefore advised to obtain appropriate knowledge on currency values and exchange rates before investing in any market since the two contributes towards rate of return on foreign investments. The trading relationship between countries is also influenced by economic, social and prevailing political atmosphere within regions.
References Grimwade, N. (2000). International trade: New patterns of trade, production
Measurements’ Standarts Essay essay help
Measurement refers to the process of determining the proportion of a physical quantity such as temperature, time, volume, area, weight and length. Measurement of length involves determination of the distance between two points. The measurement of temperature involves the quantification of how hot or cold a substance is in Kevin.
Measurement of volume determines the capacity of matter, while weight determines how heavy the object is. Measurement is an arbitrary unit or value. As a result, early human beings came up with measurement units so that some order could be achieved in quantifying matter (Gupta, 2010).
Measurement was one of the first logical achievements of man, which allowed people to count and carry out basic calculations. Early humans used various materials to construct implements that defined standards for measurement. Other units of early measurement used body parts such as fingers, arms and feet.
The Chinese, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans used measurements that were accepted by their people, though there were no standards. A standard system of weights and measures was established in the early nineteenth century after numerous consultations between mathematicians, geodesists, and physicists (Gupta, 2010).
The international bureau of standards was set up in Paris in 1875, and later revised in 1960 to form the new International System of Units.(SI). Establishment of the same standards of measurement made it easier for scientists and engineers to communicate with each other. The SI work by combining prefixes and base units to define the magnitude of the quantities. The five common base units are the meter (m), kilogram (kg), second (s), Kelvin (K) and the mole (mol) (Gupta, 2010).
Engineers use a variety of instruments to obtain different measurements. For instance, scales and gauges measure length, thermometers and thermocouples measure temperature, and piezometers measure pressure. Scientists use other instruments to measure force, electricity, air speed and humidity. Instruments are used to determine measurements in different ways. Analogue instruments indicate a physical proportion of the quantity being measured.
Such instruments combine an indicator and a linear scale to provide a value of the quantity being measured. Digital instruments are another category of instruments that convert indications to a numerical form for display in digits. The last category includes logarithmic instruments, which are similar to analogue, though they use a log scale. The quality of a measuring instrument depends on its accuracy and precision, which is dependent on the calibration (Gupta, 2010).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Measurements are used in various engineering fields including aerospace, structure, architecture and civil engineering among others. Civil engineering involves the extensive use of measurement and scales. Therefore, civil engineers need to ensure a high degree of accuracy in the interpretation of various engineering drawings in order to avoid construction errors.
Civil engineers use different measurements and scales for roads, water mains and topographical features in their drawings. As a result, the interpretation of civil engineering drawings requires proficient individuals who understand the techniques used (Civil Engineering Lectures, 2012).
One of the best ways for individuals to familiarize themselves with civil engineering is to access the relevant online videos. One such video referred to as “Introduction to Civil Engineering Measurement” is available on vimeo.com. The video comprises lecture recordings on Civil Engineering Measurement that were offered in fulfillment of a Bachelors Degree in Commercial Management and Quantity Surveying (EngCETL, 2010).
Civil engineers can use various methods for linear measurements including approximation, use of chains, optical means and electromagnetic instruments. Approximation involves many measurements that use pacing and instruments such as passometers, pedometers and odometers.
In pacing, the engineer takes the measurements by counting the number of steps in any direction. Tapes are at times used in the place of chains due to their flexibility. However, they are easily damaged by moisture or twists, which cause them to stretch and deliver wrong measurements (Civil Engineering Lectures, 2012).
Measurements are a vital part of civil engineering. Engineers are aware of the possibility of measurement errors during experiments. Therefore, they should be prepared to provide a valid evaluation of the results obtained. Some errors are unknown while others are clear due to specifications by the manufacturers, or from familiarity with the instrument. Measurement errors occur due to defects in the indicators, apparatus or instrumentation.
Since precision involves repeatability of the result and accuracy involves proximity to the true value, the two terms can be used to evaluate the behavior of measuring devices. They can be precise and accurate, precise and inaccurate, imprecise and accurate, or imprecise and inaccurate. It is up to the engineer to determine the error in the measurements, and take the necessary corrective measures for precision in the work (Civil Engineering Lectures, 2012).
We will write a custom Essay on Measurements’ Standarts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Developments in civil engineering measurements allow for the easy identification of systematic errors and provide guidelines for compensation or correction. There are also developments for correcting random errors using statistical methods (Civil Engineering Lectures, 2012).
References Civil Engineering Lectures. (2012). Methods of Linear Measurements. Web.
EngCETL (Director). (2010). Introduction to Civil Engineering Measurement [Motion Picture].
Gupta, S.V. (2010). Units of measurement: Past, present and future. International Systems of Units. New York: Springer Series in Material Science.
Angels and Insects Essay (Book Review) best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Description of the passage
Comparison with a movie from popular culture
Introduction “Angels and Insects” depicts a character known as Matilda(Matty), who defies society’s expectations concerning a person of her nature. Likewise, the movie “Ugly Betty” also challenges stereotypes about femininity by curving out a new path for the protagonist – Betty Suarez.
Description of the passage The passage chosen for analysis occurs before the protagonist – William Adamson – marries the exquisitely beautiful Eugenia during one of their nature trips. This scene involves three key characters; Eugenia, William and Matty. It also had some servants who accompanied Mr. Adamson in his escapade. Shown below is an excerpt of the passage:
“He was aware of the limpid blue eyes resting on him, and felt that behind her delicate frown, she was…. And then felt that his thoughts smutched her, that he was too muddied and dory to think of her, let alone touch at her secret thoughts. He said, “Those floating grasses remind me of the great floating islands.
I used to compare those to Paradise Lost. I thought of the passage where Paradise is cast loose.” Matty Crompton, without lifting her eyes from the stream, provided the quotation “Then shall this mount, of paradise by might of waves….”. “Clever Matty”, Said Eugenia. (Byatt 69)
William was a naturalist who worked for Eugenia’s father. He had a fascination with Eugenia because he thought she was the epitome of femininity. At the time, he barely noticed the other girls that accompanied him in his adventures. Their average looks paled in comparison to Eugenia’s beauty and splendor. However, in this passage, one realizes that there is more to one of the girls than meets the eye.
Matty Crompton was a governess whose social position prevented her from tapping her full potential. She is surprisingly witty and insightfully; even though Eugenia tries to pass this off as irrelevant. After Matty quoted a passage from paradise lost, Eugenia calls her ‘clever’, in a bid to trivialize her accomplishment.
Later on, one appreciates that although Matty lacked the physical appeal that Eugenia had, as well as the right social position, she was the one to watch in this novella. Through Matty’s intelligence, as depicted in the passage, Byatt has challenged stereotypes about the feminine ideal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Comparison with a movie from popular culture ‘Ugly Betty’ is a television sitcom that stars Betty Suarez, an editorial assistant working in Mode Magazine. She comes from a loving but financially deprived Mexican family. Betty does not fit into society’s understanding of the feminine ideal. She is unattractive and clumsy. Further, she has no fashion sense, yet she works in a firm that specializes in fashion. At first glance, one may imagine that Betty will buckle to pressure from her workmates to look like they do.
However, she stays true to herself throughout the show; Suarez wears braces, loves brightly-colored, heavy sweaters, and her hair is always frizzy. Through shear hard work and compassion, Betty wins the hearts of her colleagues who eventually look beyond her outward appearance and respect her for her character. This portrayal of the main character challenges stereotypes about femininity.
While Betty may have appeared unattractive to others in her organization, this should not be regarded as the end of her story. The producer of the screenplay wanted to demonstrate that there was more to women than just what society prescribed for them. Even when one’s social status boxed one into an undesirable situation, as was the case with Betty Suarez, she chose to fight back by her commitment and hard work in Mode.
Byatt also wanted to challenge stereotypes about what was permissible and desirable in women through Eugenia and Matty. At first impression, Matty seems to possess very few likeable traits. When Byatt introduces her, she is described as a dark shadow that was both tall and thin. There was nothing dramatic or fancy about her hair; her complexion was ‘dusky’ and her gown was black (Byatt 27). She did not smile or offer any hints of interest when looking at William.
Furthermore, her features were somewhat similar to Adamson’s; as she has a mane of hair (Byatt 9). As if this was not enough, Matty did not care much for niceties. She often moved quickly and decisively, so one would imagine that she was a cynical and negative person (Byatt 96). Even her voice had no exceptional quality to it. In fact, William could not tell the difference between ordinary indifference and cynicism when she talked (Byatt 39).
On the contrary, the author initially describes Eugenia as a white and idealistic female. She was almost as white as the lilies and snow; therefore, it was difficult for William to approach her. In the passage, it became clear that Eugenia was the ideal representation of beauty in Victorian society. She seemed innocent and incorruptible. Nonetheless, as one reads the rest of the narrative, one recognizes that her outward appearance contradicted who she really was.
Eugenia hid a dark secret from William and the rest of her family. After he found out, William realized that the person who he thought was beautiful and innocent, was actually mentally twisted, dark and immoral. Conversely, the bronze governess was perceptive and intelligent. She was the new type of woman in Victorian society. She chose not to be bogged down by her social status or her gender. Matty emerged as the deliverer of the protagonist owing to these qualities.
We will write a custom Book Review on Angels and Insects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The characters of Betty Suarez and Matty Crompton are highly related because both women are independent-minded and they take initiative in their lives. Betty came from a poverty-stricken home where her father had immigration-related issues and her mother struggled to provide.
Her workplace was chaotic, demanding and hostile. She could have chosen to throw in the towel and look for a low-wage job where she could fit in. However, Betty decides to fight against these injustices in an uplifting way. She does not play the passive role of modern-day Cinderella, who undergoes a makeover or physical transformation instigated by her colleagues.
Instead, she chooses an unconventional route for success; that is, one that does not require physical appeal. This means that women can curve their own place in life by being independent-minded and daring. In the chosen passage, Matty comes off as a similar character. Not only is she intelligent, but she is not afraid to show this to the world. In the passage, she could have chosen to remain quite when William talked about ‘Paradise Lost’.
However, Matty was bold enough to express herself, even in the presence of the intimidating Eugenia. In subsequent portions of the novel, Matty’s initiative also comes out when she talks to William about Eugenia’s rotten behavior. Instead of waiting for William to notice that she is the better choice, she brings this out by talking about Eugenia’s secret. If it wasn’t for Matty’s intervention, it is likely that William would have stayed married to his wife, and be condemned to a miserable existence.
In ‘Ugly Betty’, the producer wanted the audience to think about the difference between sexuality and humanity. Betty was hired by the President of Mode because of her perceived unattractiveness. Her boss, Daniel Meade, loved flirting with assistants, and this had landed him in a lot of trouble. Therefore, Betty would protect Daniel from future problems because she was sexually neutral. However, as the protagonist works for the editor-in-chief of Mode Magazine, she wants to get recognition as a person.
Her neutral and butch looks probably placed her in a category of people who Daniel never bothered about. Later on, she changes Daniel’s perception about what she is because she ceases being just another worker, and is now a friend. Likewise, the same concept is visible in “Angels and Insects”. In one instance, William compares Matty to a worker ant (Byatt, 129). She is sexless and neutral; even her name represents the matte worker. However, Matty wants William to recognize or see her.
To Matty, it was not only important for him to perceive her as a sexual being but also as a person. She did not want to be just another member of a group. Matty was aware of her unattractiveness, and wanted William to move beyond it. Nonetheless, she did not use conventional methods to achieve her goals, such as changing her dress or physical appearance. She stuck to her intellectual pursuits and thus ended up leaving with William for the Amazon.
Conclusion The passage portrays an intelligent, spirited and independent-minded woman in the form of Matty. Likewise, the representation of popular culture also resisted society’s perceptions of femininity by proving that women can make it in life even when they lack conventional signs of beauty.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Angels and Insects by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Work Cited Byatt, A. Angels and insects. NY: Random House. 1995. Print.
Electrical Fire Causes Half Million in Damages to Calistoga Inn Term Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction Fires are real and a constant threat in places of every kind. They not only cause costly damage to facilities and equipment but also cause numerous injuries and deaths. The Calistoga Inn located at 1250 Lincoln Avenue suffered a blaze on August 28 2012.
The fire began at 3:13 am and it took fire fighter nearly twenty minutes to bring the fire under control. Although the cause of the fire is still under investigation, evidence has it that the fire was caused by an electrical malfunction in one of the bathroom appliances. Eric Goose, a guest at the hotel that night, reported that he had seen a glow from the bathroom that triggered him to go to all the guest rooms alerting the other guests of the looming danger (Scully, 2012, p. 4).
This paper explores the Calistoga Inn fire highlighting the specific sections of the 29 CFR 1910.164 and 29 CFR 1910. 165 that were neglected by the Calistoga Inn administration, the specific hazards that were faced by the employees and quests at the Inn as well as the corrective actions that the administration needs to consider in preventing a similar occurrence in the future.
General fire prevention and control Fire prevention entails avoiding it completely. The four main requirements for a fire to occur are heat, oxygen, fuel, and a self-sustaining chemical reaction (Jones, 2008, p. 6). The self-sustaining chemical reaction propagates the action of the three components. According to Schroll, “fuel is anything that will burn” and “heat comes in the form of an ignition” (2001, p.26). Almost all places have not only fuel but also heat sources. Therefore, the essence of fire prevention is to keep all types of fuel separated from heat and heat separated from fuels.
Fire control can be achieved by using either automatic systems or the manual efforts of the people within the affected area e.g. employees or the fire department of a facility. For a long period, automatic systems have proved to be the best in controlling as well as extinguishing fires. If properly installed, automatic fire control systems are able to control the fire during its early stages-while the fire is still small.
It is noteworthy that to achieve such efficiency, they must be properly designed, installed and maintained. Research has shown that they provide the best defense against fires (Schroll, 2001, p. 27). On the other hand, manual fire control is risky to the people involved. Careful consideration is essential in determining the involvement of the facility’s personnel in manual fire fighting. Additionally, the use of portable fire extinguishers may pose a great threat to the lives of the personnel.
There are three main types of defense against fire. The most effective and safe involves the use of engineering controls. These do not require human intervention for their functionality when required.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They are the most reliable not only in handling but also in prevention and protection issues. However, they are not a perfect method since there are certain aspects that may interfere with their functionality either accidentally or intentionally. The second type of fire controls is the administrative controls. They require human involvement thus tend to be less reliable.
They include policies, procedures, work practices and rules. They also include all forms of training geared towards equipping people with the knowledge on how to control fires. It is advisable that institutions and recreational facilities embrace administrative controls. Personal protective equipment is also essential in one’s defense against fire. They prevent injury during fire incidences. It is the least effective as far as the methods for handling hazards are concerned.
OSHA has set up regulations that require all employers to control and extinguish fires that break out in their premises. They have the responsibility of planning for the safe evacuation of the premises in the event of a fire. The fire safety requirements are contained in two subparts of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards-29 CFR Subparts L and E (Anonymous, 2004, p. 7).
Subpart L outlines the equipment that one must have in place as far as dealing with fires is concerned. They include fire detection systems, fire alarm systems and in-house fire brigades. Additionally, the premises must have fire suppression equipment such as fixed extinguishment systems, portable fire extinguishers, as well as standpipe and hose systems. Subpart E focuses on the emergency exit routes. It deals with emergency action plans and fire prevention plans.
The preparedness of the Inn to fire incidences as evidenced by the blaze The management of the Inn had not taken proper measures as far as electrical fire break out is concerned. As aforementioned, one of the guests in the Inn during the time when the fire broke out took the responsibility of informing the others about the looming danger. It is evident that the efforts of Mr. Gose prevented all the tragic outcomes that the fire would have had to all the guests as well as the employees who were present in the Inn at that night.
The report also asserted that the Inn was only equipped with smoke alarms, which are not designed to alert people on the break out of electrical fires. This was a violation of the OSHA requirements according to 29 CFR 1910. 165. OSHA requires employers to establish effective alarming systems to alert all the occupants of their facility in case of an emergency. The most common type of standard electrical alarm system is audible alarms.
As far as the Calistoga blaze is concerned, one can also conclude that if the Inn had installed fire alarms, then they were either not sensitive enough or they were not properly functioning. OSHA requires that fire alarm systems must be maintained in good working conditions at all times.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Electrical Fire Causes Half Million in Damages to Calistoga Inn specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It also requires that incase the alarm system is out of service, the employer must have alternative or rather backup systems such as employee runners. The Inn did not have fire detection systems. As provided in the OSHA requirements in 29 CFR 1910. 164, all employers should not only install but also properly maintain automatic fire detection systems in all their facilities. The lack of fire detection systems in the Inn is evidenced by the fact that only one guest noted the electrical fault in one of the bathrooms.
Hazards faced by the employees Although no one was injured during the Calistoga Inn fire, the employees faced some consequences. The facility was closed for the facility to be repaired. During that period, almost all the employees remained at home-a drastic change of one’s routine and they may not be comfortable with it.
Additionally, not all of the Inn’s seventy employees will be compensated during the time they are forced to be out of work. The insurance company stated that it would only cover the salaries of the ‘key employees’ but they have not yet established who is a ‘key’ employee (Scully, 2012, p.18). Most of the employees also panicked during the incidence an aspect that presents serious health issues to them such as a heart attack.
The corrective actions that the Inn should adopt It should provide adequate number of fire detectors and space the around the restaurant as well as the brewery. This will serve effectively in warning the employees and guests in the facility of any incipient fires.
The management body of the Inn must ensure that all the installed fire detectors are functional at all times. The only time that they may not be expected to be operational is during repairs and maintenance. Additionally, they should test and adjust all the fire detectors in the facility to maintain reliability and the systems proper operational condition.
Detectors also need to be prevented from corrosion especially when installed in areas that are prone to high humidity that promotes corrosion. Research has shown that some of the components may be destroyed during an alarm or test. This requires that the employer should have spare components to ensure that the systems are operational at all times. The Inn also requires an effective set of alarm systems.
It must be a distinctive as well as recognizable to all the employees. Just like the fire detection systems, it should be properly maintained to ensure that it is operational at all times. As far as the employees are concerned, the Inn’s management body should define who their ‘key employees’. This will prevent any confusion between the Inn and the insurance body in compensating the employees.
The employer needs to come up with a fire prevention plan. It requires them to have procedures for regular inspection as well as the maintenance of safeguards installed on heat producing equipment. This helps in preventing the accidental ignition of combustible materials. An effective and reliable fire prevention plan must start by zeroing in on the particular fire hazards of the work place.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Electrical Fire Causes Half Million in Damages to Calistoga Inn by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This calls for employees to look closely at the different parts of the facility in question and examine each of the specific work areas, fixtures, processes and operations to uncover all the hazards (Jones, 2008, p. 38). The management body must also look into the possible electrical hazards.
Electrical hazards are usually overlooked as a prime source of fires yet they are the most dangerous sources of fire. Some of the electrical aspects that can lead to fires include overloaded circuits, damaged wiring, defective switches and outlets among others. Inadequate machine and equipment maintenance present a threat as far as the break out of electrical fires is concerned. This is due to the inability to detect any electrical problems and system defects, which can lead to fires.
Conclusion This paper had discussed in detail the Calistoga Inn fire highlighting the specific sections of the 29 CFR 1910.164 and 29 CFR 1910. 165 that were neglected by the Calistoga Inn administration, the specific hazards that were faced by the employees and guests at the Inn as well as the corrective actions that the administration needs to consider in preventing a similar occurrence in the future.
The Inn did not have any fire detection system in place since one of the guests alerted all the people in the facility of a fire break out. Owing to this, the Inn’s management body should strongly consider the installation of fire detection and alarm systems.
References Anonymous. (2004). Fire Prevention: Good planning Saves Lives and Property. Safety Compliance Letter, 2446, 7.
Jones, A. M. (2008). Fire Protection Systems. NY: Cengage Learning.
Schroll, C. (2001). Fire Safety Essentials. Occupational Health and Safety, 70(11), 26-32.
Scully, S. (2012). Electrical Malfunction Blamed for Calistoga Inn Blaze. Web.
Major Themes of the Qur’an Research Paper essay help
Introduction Various people have written about the Quran seeking to find out what it says about God. The Qur’an is an important book to the Muslim society. It provides guidance and directions about God or rather Allah according to Muslims. Muslims believe that the Quran speaks for itself.
Various interpretations that have been advanced by different people serve to join the ideas together. Therefore, the Qur’an is a book that contains God’s message to man. The paper delineates on Rahman’s book ‘Major Themes of the Qur’an seeking to explain the relationship between people and God, as well as the main principles that God expects from people.
Relationship between people and God according to Rahman’s book “Major Themes of the Quran” Qur’an is a book that is aimed at communicating spiritual information to man. According to Rahman, the relationship between God and man is special and one that is above any other thing that God created. God is the creator of the universe and its composition that includes man to whom he provides guidance. In fact, Rahman says, “He is Creator and Sustainer of the universe and of man” (1). Accordingly, He will judge man both on individual and collective basis.
Everything that goes in the mind of man is known to God because He is the maker and source of life to man. This is captured in the quote, “We created man and we know the negative whisperings of his mind are and we are near to him than his jugular vein” (Rahman 2). This shows that man is indeed close to God in terms of appearance and likeness. He is the only one who understands what is going to happen to man.
God is a merciful God. His judgment to man is based on mercy after man having fallen short of His glory. God having created man in His own image explains the reason behind His mercy. The relationship therefore between God and man is that of a master and a servant. Man is required to serve God besides being obedient to Him because He is the one who created him. “Qur’an is man and his behavior, not God’s’ (Rahman 2).
Therefore, the relationship that exists between God and man is centered on judgment, either as individual, collective, or social existence. Qur’an is centered on the behavior of man, as it seeks to highlight the conducts of man and the need for man to respect and obey the teachings of God.
Man has a duty to seek God to be able to find Him and know him. Man has this duty and should he be unable to find or seek God, he cannot find his grace and love. “If you cannot find God you will never prove him”, “the only straight path leads to God” (Rahman 2).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the relationship between God and man is based on seeking and finding. Man has needs/problems. To find a solution to the challenges, he is mandated to seek God’s indulgence. Rahman argues that God is infinite. He cannot be equated to any other thing that He created. Everything that is on earth is going to vanish except God.
Human beings or rather man is one of God’s creations that will be taken away when the last day comes. “Everything thereon is vanishing…remaining only the Face of Your Lord” (Rahman 3). Therefore, man has the duty to continue serving Him to enter God’s kingdom. Those who discern Him or run away from Him will face His wrath. “Do not be like those who forgot God and [eventually] God caused them to forget themselves” (Rahman 3). According to Rahman, the purpose of man is to “serve God” (6).
God has entrusted man with knowledge and potentialities to use the armor of God and the nature that God has created him to serve Him. Man has the discretion to use the knowledge and everything that God has created in the universe to do according to His will. Man has the freedom of doing either good or bad. The decision is dependent on man’s choice that God has given him. God communicates with man through various messages that He sends to help in his judgment and choice of doing either good or bad.
The relationship between God and man is based on faith in God. Man is required to have faith in God and besides abiding by His words. Therefore, those who deny the existence of God such as the materialistic atheists who do not believe in God have their places when God comes back to judge their deeds.
The relationship of God and man comes into reality because God provides unity and value to man. God and man are friends. In fact, Rahman says, “God, then, becomes the friend of and cooperates with a person who has ‘discovered Him” (8). This friendship is only established when man seeks or finds God. When man searches for God and finds Him, they two form a positive/mutual relationship. Man can therefore find shelter and a home in God. He can therefore seek assistance from God.
According to Rahman, God will not judge people based on all the lapses that they committed. However, He is gong to judge them based on their overall performance. If their performance is good, the other lapses that human beings or man has committed shall not be factored in during the judgment day.
The Quran, as Rahman reveals, has various scriptures that “indicate that God will pardon or overlook men’s lapses provided the overall performance is good and beneficial” (21). This shows that the relationship of God and man is indeed not bad but one that is formed based on sympathy and mercy. This is also demonstrated in the quote “God does not require from any person what is beyond his or her power” (Rahman 21). God will only judge individuals based on their scope of knowledge and power.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Major Themes of the Qur’an specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Main principles that God is expecting from people according to Rahman’s book According to Rahman book, God expects man to follow and do according to His will. God has given man wisdom and knowledge. He has given him the mandate to rule over other creations in the universe.
However, God expects man to serve Him by always doing well according to His will. Those people or human beings who go against the will of God are expected to face harsh treatment or punishment. This is quoted in the book, “for his real nature is to be exalted” (Rahman 15). Man has to struggle through thick and thin to find the path of life. God has done this intentionally and out of His mercy to ensure that Man does not suffer or go into hell. Furthermore, God requires people to trust and believe in Him. He is the alpha and omega.
Therefore, people should not go in their own ways. Any person who removes God in His/her conscience removes the purpose and the meaning of his/her life. He/she is classified as an unrighteous person. God expects man to follow His own nature as opposed to other creatures, which must follow their nature automatically. God has given man the privilege to choose from what is good and bad. There are many vicissitudes in the life of human beings. Therefore, man should be very careful to avoid falling away from God.
God expects people to follow His commandants. When God created Adam and breathed in him life, He expected him to abide by the laws and the rules that he was given by God. However, he went against the will of God to commit sin. Rahman says, “they are contented to live their lives from day to day, indeed from hour to hour, “they are like cattle, indeed, worse” (14). God also expects people to respect and uphold the principle of equality. All human beings are equal before God.
Therefore, they should respect one another. People should not be proud even after God uplifts them. People need to respect their fellow human beings. This is even agitated by the Quran, “the reason the Quran emphasizes essential human equality…” (Rahman 31). Furthermore, God expects people to respect His commands because He is the creator of all the living things, people inclusive. God has created every living and nonliving thing with measure.
Therefore, people need to abide by God and respect His commandments. “We have created everything with a measure…if things should break their laws and violate their measure; there would be not an ordered universe, but chaos” (Rahman 46). Rahman also asserts that men are selfish, pride, and narrow-minded, as they worship their gods instead of worshipping God who created them.
They run away from the truth by opting to shortcuts where they engage in activities or actions that are against the will of God. God however expects people to come near Him to know Him better besides worshipping Him to be set free. People get involved in falsehood. According to Rahman, men “…worship of false gods, the holy seems unholy, and vice versa” (Rahman 74).
God expects people to have fear of His name. The fear of God in literal sense means that people need to respect and recognize the existence of a supernatural being who is beyond them and one who requires honor and praise. God is the one who formed the universe and created man. Therefore, He has the mandate to command everything under the universe because it is through His name and powers that all the things under the universe came into being.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Major Themes of the Qur’an by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Rahman refers it as the “fear of God, and piety” (Rahman 18). Muslims are discarding these words because they take the meaning of the words literary. Every person has the freedom to interpret the words in his/her own way. Hence, men have the right to interpret the words the way they wish. However, the words mean honoring and recognizing God as the only one requiring their praise and fear
Conclusion Through his book, ‘Major Themes of the Qur’an’, Rahman has managed to simplify the meaning of the Qur’an. He has interpolated the relationship that exists between God and people. Besides, he has gone further to portray some of the principles that God requires people to uphold. Thus, the book is interesting and a must-read based on the way it provides a limelight of what Qur’an entails.
Works Cited Rahman, Fazlur. Major themes of Quran. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2009. Print.
Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods Critical Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Drop-Out Rates Among High School Students
Quantitative Research Methods and its Weaknesses
Qualitative Research Methods and its Weaknesses
Drop-Out Rates Among High School Students The American government has always been concerned with the rate at which students have been dropping out of school, especially at high school levels. It is of great concern because these students would end up in the streets causing mayhem to the peace-loving citizens. When they become adults, they come to the realization that they cannot provide for themselves because very few employers would be willing to hire individuals who did not finish high school.
The department of education has therefore made deliberate efforts to ensure that all students go through high school education successfully. There has been ongoing research to establish the causes and the effects of school dropouts. Researchers have used both quantitative and qualitative approaches in their studies. The following two questions would best be answered through conducting qualitative and quantitative studies.
What are some of the causes of dropping out of school among various students in various high schools?
To what extend does this drop out affect the economy of the United States of America?
The first question should be answered through conducting a quantitative study. This would give definite causes of dropouts. This research question can easily be computed. Furthermore, it can be calculated empirically to determine the results in various quantitative forms. The second question is descriptive. The researcher would be expected to describe the extent at which the dropout rate would affect the economy of the United States.
Quantitative Research Methods and its Weaknesses Quantitative research is a kind of study that utilizes figures to arrive at certain conclusions. In this regard, the research would take the form of a survey whereby the researcher would identify the sample and post questionnaires to them. In form of study, there is need to compare the relationship between variables in order to establish the causes and effects of each variable.
The researcher would be interested in knowing how different factors (independent variables) affect the rate of dropout in various high schools in the US (dependent variables). This would demand for a method that would be objective. The method should generalize the findings statistically. Quantitative method would be the most appropriate method to use in this research.
Quantitative research involves systematic study of a phenomenon by use of statistical tools. Its main objective is always to employ mathematical theories and models in developing its generalization. Therefore, quantitative method would help in this research. It would enable the researcher to test the hypotheses put forth for validity.
It would also allow the use of a sample as a representation of the entire population. It would help the researcher to use the data in determining how different factors affect students in school. The quantitative method would also help in knowing if there is any relationship between the independent variables identified and the independent variables.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Quantitative methods explain phenomena in terms of its effects. When there are unlimited resources to conduct research, it would be possible to collect maximum primary data from various respondents and run the results empirically in order to come up with a conclusion.
It would be easy for the researcher to use face-to-face interviews, which are very appropriate in gathering data (Berman and Wang 18). It is simple because it only entails the researcher sending substantial number of enumerators to the field. Despite the above advantages, it has some weaknesses. The first weakness is that it requires highly skilled personnel who can use the statistical tools such as SPSS and Stata. It can also be time-consuming to the researcher.
Qualitative Research Methods and its Weaknesses Qualitative research is a descriptive research that tries to explain a phenomenon in a non-empirical manner. It is a deliberate effort aimed at explaining why a given phenomenon took place.
It also focuses on the impacts of a phenomenon. In this research, qualitative research would be very important. The second question could be answered successfully through conducting a qualitative study. Ethnographic research and phenomenology are some of the techniques used in qualitative research. Ethnography would help in investigating the culture of the American society.
In particular, it would be used to establish the culture of various schools and students. Phenomenology would help in investigating the realities on the ground about school dropout. With unlimited budget for this research, it would be possible to investigate the trend for the last one decade. The expert would then be called in to help in determining the relationship between students’ dropout rate and economic growth of the country.
It would be easy to describe the extent at which the current dropout affects the economy of the country. Qualitative methods have been relevant for social scientist for a very long time. Although qualitative research has various advantages as discussed above, it is not able to give empirical support for research questions and hypothesis. Qualitative methods only explain why a given pattern of events took place. This explains why the research should combine two methods to arrive at strong conclusions.
Works Cited Berman, Evans, and X. Wang. Essential Statistics for Public Managers and Policy Analysts. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2012. Print.
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Obama and Romney’s plans for higher education Essay essay help online: essay help online
Summary on President Obama and Romney’s plans for higher education President Obama has proposed to spend more on higher education within the next 4 years. He focuses to increase the spending by 2.5% above the current budget. This raises the prospected education spending by 69.8 million dollars. This is a great offer according to the current economic status of the United States.
Obama’s focus is based on establishing new financial incentives that would help in supporting higher education institutions. In addition, he is also asking for billions of dollars to support some of colleges and universities facing financial instability. As a democrat, he would like to boost both the private and public sectors of economy to enhance financial provisions for higher education.
On the other hand, Romney plans to reduce higher education spending rate by applying various policies within the learning institutions. Some of these policies are based on the financial expenditure of the learning institutions.
According to Romney, limiting the federal dollar cost will minimize the budgetary costs of various institutions. Romney’s plans are based on limiting public expenditures while boosting the private sector. He also suggests that the banking policy should be changed so as to allow room for student lending. This can help in boosting institutions of higher learning.
Personal Opinion on the matter Education is a critical provision for the growth of any country. The two aspirants have considerable plans for higher education systems in the United States despite their political differences. Obama has stronger plans compared to those of Romney. Romney plans to reduce the cost of a dollar in the federal government while boosting the private sectors of the government.
This can be detrimental to the higher educational sector. This can negatively affect the economic status of the United States. On the other hand, Obama plans to balance costs both from the private and public sectors of the government. This will enhance financial stability for higher education advancements.
One of the Romney’s plans seems to favor the higher education sector in the U.S. For instance, students will be offered bank loans to sort out their educational problems. This will create conducive environment for learning since all the learning materials will be availed to students.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Concurrently, Obama’s plans for the next four years will really boost institutions of higher education. Fundamentally, they will not only enjoy the increase in spending but also low cost of learning materials and activities. This is a considerable provision when scrutinized critically in the realms of education. It is important to spend wisely in the education sector. This can be enhanced by setting priorities right.
Research in any learning institution needs a lot of capital and once this is subsidized within the next four years, the quality of education will have been enhanced leading to production of skilled individuals in the society. Such people can perform their task to perfection. Obama is also determined in ensuring that job opportunities are created to intelligent students after completing their higher education.
This will help in curbing/reducing the crime rate in the United States. According to him, crimes are committed by idlers who are frustrated in life after completing their studies and cannot find jobs. Actually, this is the only way of making a living. The plans presented by President Obama are viable since they will advance higher education institutions within the next four years.
Sales Promotion Techniques: Checking for the Variety of Baits. What Makes a Good Promotion Strategy Essay college essay help near me
Introduction: Targets and Best Buy Open the Hunting Season It goes without saying that selling a product without a decent promotion strategy is practically impossible. It is only a specific technique that will help a product become recognized and be quite popular. Analyzing some of the pictures of products, one can possibly define the strategies used and estimate the success of the latter.
The Pictures Classification: Consumer Promotion Techniques in Action Sampling: everything is free
Offering free samples is rather popular practice. In the analyzed pictures, EverCreme (“FREE”) is offered as a free sample.
Couponing: get a special discount
Another smart way to boost sales, couponing is used by Listerine Ultraclean (“Save 15% now!”) with the line on the package saying “Detach here for instant saving at checkout”.
Premiums: only here and now
Premiums are quite a peculiar means to sell more goods for what might seem to the clients as ridiculous price. A striking example of such strategy is Sony (“99.99 (Reg. $119.99)”).
Contests: win a T-shirt
Rather simple, yet surprisingly efficient, the given strategy creates the impression of “free lunch,” yet with no obvious traps. The labels using this tactics are: Bud Light (“Win team gear, tickets, Super Bowl trips”) and Kellogg’s (“Win $200 in grocery cash daily”).
Bonus packs: take two for one
Quite frequently used., the idea of selling two or more packages of certain goods is obvious in the pictures with Neutrogena (“Twin pack 25% value”), Bounty Paper towels (“33% more sheets”), Gatorade (“When you purchase any two (2) Gatorade”, “Or purchase the bottle for $5.99”), Seagrams (“Buy tow to get one free”), Sunkist (“2/$7.00”), and Nicki Minaj’s album (“Contains Pink Friday Roman Reloaded Deluxe CD
Discipline Counselling in Human Resource Management Case Study college admission essay help: college admission essay help
John Doe appears to be a hardworking individual who has been distracted by the joy that comes with becoming a new father. This is because his records of success have been consistent until he became a father. He has been commended severally for his exceptional skills in marketing. However, he has recently underperformed in the workplace and this has captured the attention of his boss and the company’s CEO.
The CEO seems to be furious and has decided to meet John for a discussion before he can decide what disciplinary action to take. As the Human Resource Manager of the company, I intend to come up with a suitable solution to the problem. This is because the human resource manager is responsible for the facilitation of performance reviews and ensuring that the employees’ performance meets a certain standard in the job description.
It is evident that the CEO has displayed a lot of emotion towards the issue. Therefore, a third party is required to intervene. I believe that an individual in the human resource department would handle the situation better. This is because John’s situation requires disciplinary counselling rather than discipline (punishment) itself.
The specific aspects of John’s performance and conduct that have been identified should be addressed in such a way as to establish a win-win situation (Dannells
How Natural Disasters Affect the Economy Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Natural disasters on macroeconomic variables
Natural disasters and natural resources
Effect of natural disasters on physical capital accrual
Effect of natural disaster on human capital accumulation
Effect of natural disasters on technology
Introduction In May 2008, a destructive earthquake hit Sichuan Province in China causing an apocalyptic damage. The mountaintops were reduced to valleys, several buildings collapsed throughout the cities, and more than 80,000 people lost their lives. This incident confirms that natural disasters still influence how people live.
Natural disasters are causing countries to lose millions of dollars in destructions as well as thousands of citizens who lose their lives yearly. Undoubtedly, natural disasters directly disrupt the economy either on the long-term basis or just shortly. This disruption may be positive or negative depending on how the relevant authorities handle the issue and subsequent disasters.
The nature of a disaster that a country witnesses also plays a significant role in determining how it affects the nation; for instance, geographical tragedies often have more negative impact than climatic tragedies. Countries have no control over the aftermath of a disaster, but if they have good disaster preparation mechanisms, they can manage the impact. This paper will discuss how natural affect the economy through macroeconomic variables.
Natural disasters on macroeconomic variables Natural tragedies affect different economic elements that assist in defining how the disasters have affected the economy. These variables include natural resources, physical and human capita accrual, as well as technology. All these variables normally have varied impact on an economy, which implies that the impact of natural tragedies in the end can either be positive or negative (Skidmore and Toya 664-687).
Natural disasters and natural resources The occurrence of natural disasters has a direct impact on a nation’s natural resources. Tornados among other storms can damage a massive stretch of forest. In 2003, “North Carolina lost $550 million worth of timber following the devastating effects of Hurricane Isabel” (Popp 65).
yclones cause soil erosion that result to soil infertility after topsoil has been removed, which consequently has a detrimental effect on agricultural yields (Benson and Clay 1-34). Though artificial fertilizers can be used in place of the eroded soil, this means an additional expense to the farmer.
The damage of crops as well as loss of livestock after a tragedy can temporarily reduce agricultural yields, hence affecting the supply of primary products and basic commodities in a country. Moreover, tourism that relies on natural features and wonders is likely to be affected. In 2005, The Tropical Storm Delta shattered Tenerife’s main tourist attraction site, a rock popularly referred to as El Dedo de Dios, and since then, Tenerife had struggled with reduced income in the tourism sector (Kim 11-49).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, natural resources are not always damaged because of natural catastrophes; at times nature gains from disastrous events. For instance, floods bring sediments to flood plains, which increase soil fertility, and thus escalate agricultural yields. Volcanic eruptions provide ash that supplements the soil.
Nonetheless, farmers do not gain instantly from disasters. Tourism can also gain from natural disaster; for instance, Hawaii earns a lot of income from its docile volcanoes, which are key tourist attraction sites (Kim 11-49). Past disasters have also created tourist sites such as the Crater Lake in Oregon that came has a result of a volcanic eruption.
A tragedy that does not cause a tremendous damage to the environment, but brings a permanent benefit to the society may enhance the natural resources of a state. The beneficial effects of natural catastrophes on natural resources always boost the economy of a country on a long-term basis. The impact of natural tragedies on natural resources relies largely on the nature of the country as well as the context under which it occurs. However, its effects are not utterly disastrous.
Effect of natural disasters on physical capital accrual The accrual of physical capital plays a pivotal role in the growth of an economy. Physical capital enables people to become more productive even in the absence of tools. A realistic measure of physical capital is always necessary in an economy because the growth of an economy depends on the output of every individual. Natural catastrophes destroy physical capital. The alteration in the number of physical capital depends on actions that are taken soon after the disaster has occurred.
Countries often attempt to reconstruct the physical capital. However, challenges like bureaucratic hurdles, dishonesty, as well as truncated rates of insurance can prevent or lower the momentum of rebuilding physical capital. If nations rebuild physical capital, tragedies have a positive impact on its accumulation; however, if the institutions responsible for managing the disasters are ineffective, the physical capital accrual may decrease (Skidmore and Toya 664-687).
Pragmatic evidence reveals that the outcome of catastrophes on physical capital is negative in case there is an association between the two. However, the relationship between the two is normally weak because of the presence of human capital accumulation (Kim 11-49). The escalation of human capital accrual after a natural catastrophe may raise physical capital. Eventually, these events may lead to a rise in physical capital accrual.
Effect of natural disaster on human capital accumulation The accrual of human capital is usually beneficial to the economy. In case the technology used in the physical capital is complicated, it is wise to invest in the human capital since it normally results to higher output. Natural disasters reduce human capital accrual in numerous ways. When a natural disaster causes an extensive demise of workers, it minimizes the rate of human capital accumulation, and eventually derails economic growth.
We will write a custom Essay on How Natural Disasters Affect the Economy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, cautioning people who reside in areas vulnerable to disaster can manage this aspect (Skidmore and Toya 664-687). Another way that natural catastrophes alter human capital accrual is through damaging education structures. If universities and colleges are toppled by natural tragedies, the country will lose potential people who would have improved the labor force. Furthermore, if the government is unable to rebuild the destroyed structures, then the effect becomes austere.
Disasters that have ascetic negative impact on the economy can also lower the labor force in subsequent years because underprivileged families may be forced to stop educating their children who could probably have been productive in providing labor. Human capital directly affects economic growth; therefore, reduction in the labor force supply affects the speed of economic development negatively (Kim 11-49).
Effect of natural disasters on technology A country with good technology with adequate physical capital increases productivity given that the labor force can handle the novel technology. The economy improves as the rate of productivity increases. The outcomes of natural disasters normally include the damage of physical capital as well as infrastructure (Kim 11-49).
The government can take advantage of the destruction and use it as an opportunity to reconstruct the country using the latest technology. Approximating the degree of technology used in an economy is a challenging exertion, which is examined by determining the association between the natural tragedies and total factor productivity. This element measures the output of work as well as capital, and thus estimates the degree of technology.
Using this method, it is evident that natural disasters improve the state of technology in a nation. However, for a natural disaster to cause the improvement of technology, the government must be able and willing to supplant the capital that was lost when the catastrophe occurred (Skidmore and Toya 664-687).
Nonetheless, disasters such as droughts have no impact on the macroeconomic variables. They do not damage physical capital and hence, cannot alter the level of technology in an economy. In industrialized countries, droughts rarely threaten the lives of the citizens. Droughts mainly affect agriculture due to lack of water, but established nations can handle its initial stages.
However, in developing countries, the impact of drought is drastic since the majority of such countries rely on agriculture. The growth of the economy in poor nations is derailed because of their reliance in agriculture. Drought causes famine, which eventually brings significant alterations in the economy (Kim 11-49).
Conclusion Natural disasters unquestionably affect the economy both positively and negatively. Though the negative effects can be felt immediately, its positive impacts are on a long-term basis.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How Natural Disasters Affect the Economy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, apart from the detrimental effect of Sichuan earthquake, Chinese government asserted that the earthquake had stirred economic growth through the massive reconstruction initiatives. It is evident that natural tragedies can also benefit a country, but its negative effects are more drastic. Therefore, every country should create institutions and enact policies that can help in managing natural disasters.
Works Cited Benson, Charlotte, and Edward Clay. “Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters.” Disaster Risk Management Series 4.4 (2004): 1-134. Print.
Kim, Chul-Kyu. “The Effects of Natural Disasters on Long-Run Economic Growth.” Michigan Journal of Business 4.1 (2011): 11-49. Print.
Popp, Aaron. The effects of Natural disasters on long run growth, 2006. Web.
Skidmore, Mark, and Hideki Toya. “Do Natural Disasters Promote Long-Run Growth?” Economic Inquiry 40.4 (2002): 664-687. Print.
International Marketing Essay college essay help online
Introduction International marketing refers to a method of promotion designed to capture global markets and exploit commercial prospects in other nations. Promotion strategy adopted by an organization depends on the features of the countries targeted by the company. International marketing entails all processes of promotion that include performance of market research, development of a campaign strategy, determination of the target group and analysis of sales results.
A significant facet of international marketing is the effects of differences in cultures, languages and other environmental conditions on a company’s products (The Times 100, 2012). These conditions affect how products appeal to different people in diverse regions.
Promotion environment consists of factors external to an organization. These external factors affect promotion strategies that organizations use. Organizations cannot control these factors.
However, companies can influence some of the factors to their advantage. Some of the external factors that have influence on companies’ promotion strategies include population, economic features and political processes (The Times 100, 2012). On the other hand, there exist factors that companies can control to improve their competitive advantages. These include technological prowess and competitive conditions among others. Globalization has forced companies to compete internationally.
Marketers have to ensure that they understand factors that affect the competitiveness of their companies in different countries. Therefore, they must scan the markets that they operate in and develop effective promotion strategies. This paper compares the effects of environmental factors on marketing strategies used by Vodafone in India and Kenya.
Company Background Vodafone is a leading international brand worldwide. It is positioned as the eleventh largest telecommunications organization in the world and second in the European region. The company has its headquarters in the United Kingdom and operates in numerous countries (Celtnet Telecommunications Companies, 2012).
The company operates in different countries via its subsidiaries. In India, the company operated under the brands Vodafone India and Hutchison Essar. Currently, it operates as Vodafone Essar in India. Through the subsidiary, the company controls the telecommunications market in India. In Kenya, it operates under Safaricom as its subsidiary. Safaricom is the leading telecommunications company in Kenya (Krause, 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It provides pre and post-paid services and sells different handsets. It offers high quality mobile services in Kenya. Moreover, it is a creative and successful advertiser and marketer (Celtnet Telecommunications Companies, 2012). The company has also created employment opportunities for Kenyans. It provides Kenyans with business opportunities through its mobile money transfer services.
Social Environment Social environment in India and Kenya affects the promotion strategies that Vodafone uses. Social environment comprise conditions linked to groups of people in the society. It includes factors such as the population, behavior patterns, beliefs and practices.
A change in the social environment determines the marketing strategies that a company uses (Vitullo-Martin, 1997). A social environmental change has the potential to increase or reduce the size of a market. Notably, a change in the social environment directs consumers’ behavior and preferences.
Demographic environment is the magnitude, distribution and increase of segments of individuals with diverse characteristics. International marketers normally consider the behavior patterns of countries. They consider the age groups, poverty levels, cultures and household organizations. India has an extremely large population (Vitullo-Martin, 1997). Vodafone serves approximately 35 million people in India currently.
The total population of India is approximately 1.2 billion people (Kumar, 2010). This creates growth opportunities for the company. The marketing strategies that it uses in the country aim at increasing the customer base since there exists untapped market. It is predicted that the country’s population will increase to 2.6 billion by 2050. This further creates opportunity to increase business activities in India. The company uses aggressive advertisements and provides more value added services to capture untapped market.
However, in Kenya, the company uses a different promotion strategy. Kenya has a total population of about 40 million people. Safaricom has a customer base of about 5 million people. The company faces stiff competition from other service providers like Telcom Kenya and Airtel.
However, it is the leading telecommunications company in Kenya. The marketing strategies of the company in Kenya aim assisting the organization to maintain leadership in the market due to the low population and stiff competition. It engages in aggressive advertisements and price wars. Additionally, it offers value added services to different segments of the market.
We will write a custom Essay on International Marketing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The other demographic feature that Vodafone considers in the two countries is poverty. The two countries have high poverty levels. Many people in India and Kenya cannot afford some of the services that Vodafone offers.
However, India’s large population presents opportunities for growth despite the existence of high poverty levels. Vodafone provides low-cost handsets in India. Through the provision of low-cost handsets, the company increases its sales through massive distribution (Wang
Radiation Therapy for Testicular Cancer Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Introduction Radiation therapy is common in treatment for cancerous tumors in their early stages of development. The action of the radiation beam focused on a tumor is effective in the locality of the specific tumor alone. The radiation kills cancerous cells in the specific area (Verville 2).
If the tumor or cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body, they may not be killed by the radiation therapy. For this reason, radiation treatment for any cancerous cells is only effective as a cure when all the cancerous cells are located in one area of the body. This is common for most cases of testicular cancer, which affects men.
Histology Of Testicular Cancer Most testicular cancers are a result of cancerous germ cells. Majority of cases of testicular cancer feature the development of seminomous testicular cancer (Verville 4). It is easy to treat this type of cancer using radiation therapy. This therapy is used as one of the many therapies that are used to treat the cancer.
Radiation therapy is a more effective therapy for seminomous testicular cancer than for non-seminomatous cancer. The cancerous cells in seminomous testicular cancer are easily eliminated, while the cells in non-seminomatous cancer are not easily killed by radiation doses used for cancer treatment (Verville 7).
Stage-One Seminoma The manner in which radiation is used to treat testicular cancer depends on the level of development of the cancerous tissue. If the cancer is localized in the testes, it is known as stage-one seminoma. This type of cancer can be treated with removal of the testes together with the cancerous tissue.
A mild dose of radiation is then used to kill any cancerous cells that may have spread from the locality of the testes to the tissue around and within the pelvis. Radiation may not be required for treatment of most stage-one seminomas.
However, radiation therapy is used as a precaution since there is a small but definite possibility of presence of cancerous cells in the adjacent tissue. Surgical removal of the testes and the cancerous tissue is usually a sufficient cure for this type of cancer when it is accompanied by close post-operation monitoring (Verville 8).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The post-operation surveillance of the patient may continue for a range of a few years to a decade. In addition, the intensity of examination of the patient and the frequency with which examination is performed decrease with time. Radiation therapy is normally applied to the tissue in the para-aortic region (Verville 15). However, to reduce the radiation effect, radiation therapy is sometimes applied to the tissue within pelvic regions alone.
Stage-Two Seminoma When the cancerous cells have spread to the tissue surrounding the testes, the cancer is known as stage-two seminoma. At this stage, the cancer may have spread to the tissue in the pelvis and the lymph nodes. However, the cancer is considered a stage-two-B seminoma only when the considerable cancerous tissue has grown in the lymph nodes and a stage-two-A seminoma when a small amount of cancerous tissue has grown in the lymph nodes.
The stage one-A cancer is easier to treat with radiation and surgery (Verville 25). The exposure to radiation during this treatment is greater than the exposure used for treatment of a stage-one seminoma. On the other hand, patients with stage-two-B seminoma have lower chances of survival. Less than ninety-five percent of the patients survive this type of cancer when treated with radiation alone.
Cancerous tissue usually develops in other parts of the body after treatment with radiation therapy. In most cases, chemotherapy is used instead of radiation. Further treatment with radiation therapy may be required if the cancer persists after treatment with chemotherapy. However, only a small number of patients fail to heal after undergoing chemotherapy (Verville 31).
Stage-Three Seminoma When the cancer spreads to other tissue in other parts of the body other than the pelvic region, it is known as a stage-three seminoma. Radiation therapy alone is not effective for this type of cancer. This is because the cancerous cells are not localized in the testes. Application of radiation therapy in all the affected parts of the body could be lethal due the high dose of radiation. It is also difficult to establish the expected effectiveness of such treatment. Thus, chemotherapy is primarily used for treatment of stage-three seminoma (Verville 37). Radiation may be applied in the localities that develop cancerous tissue.
Non-Seminomatous Testicular Cancer Non-seminomatous testicular cancer exhibits an inherent variation of the cancerous cells in all patients. In addition, the cancerous cells are difficult to kill using radiation therapy. Thus, radiation therapy is not used as a primary method of treatment of this cancer (Verville 19).
Radiation Therapy And Procedure The kind of radiation used to kill the cancer cells is usually modified to minimize its effect on non-cancerous cells. The radiation beam is usually focused on the affected area and it penetrates normal tissue with little side effect. However, the radiation beam kills the cancerous cells, which may be embedded deep in the body.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Radiation Therapy for Testicular Cancer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The technology used to deliver the radiation has significantly improved since it was first used. Modern equipment is able to focus the radiation beams on specific tissue with high precision. Although the radiation passes through skin and other tissue, burns are not likely to occur as they usually did before development of modern equipment (Washington
Chapter Review: The Epic First Voyage Essay college admissions essay help
The chapter under analysis introduces the details of the formation of Vasco da Gama’s first trip to India. It traces the progress of expedition from the African coast to the Cape of Good Hope in late 1497. The focus of the chapter is made on Da Gama’s relations with the indigenous population of South Africa, as well as the difficulties the explorer faced while invading Swahili coast in 1948, particularly the prevalence of the Muslim world.
In particular, Da Gama had to resist the attack of the local sultan on the Portuguese fleet. The final destination of the traveler was Malindi, the place where Da Gama had to gain experience in navigating the fleet to India across the Arabian Sea. While describing the details of the journey, the chapter points out the way the Portuguese fleet under the auspices of Vasco da Gama confronted different cultures, religions, and societies in the pursuit of new scientific and technological discoveries.
From the very beginning, the author introduces the detailed description of ships that were chosen for the trip. Specific attention was given to the preparations made by the Bartolommeo Dias who ensured the comfort, seaworthiness, and space for Vasca Da Gama and his crew.
The choice of the emblem and flagship was also an important issue for the trip and the chapters provides a detailed account of this process. There are many other preliminary processes and preparations that are described in the chapter to emphasize the essence of da Gama’s readiness to discover new lands and possibility for economic and commercial development in his country.
Further deliberations in the chapter are dedicated to the challenges that the Portuguese crew faced while dealing with the Arabian and Indian indigenous population.
Within this context, the author describes the first encounters of da Gama’s crew with African tribes: “The Khoikhoi had also learned to forge metals, and, beginning about 1300m they had then spread south to the Cape region usually in individual clan organizations numbering in the hundreds that may been part of largely loosely structure political groups” ( Ames 28-29).
Although the voyagers were not concerned much with customs and traditions of the indigenous population, they were still involved in cultural interaction through commercial activities. The main objects of trade were honey, spices, copper, and gold. Apart from Khoikhoi, da Gama and his crew also had an interesting experience in establishing relations with Nguni tribes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Detailed overview of the Da Gama voyages, as well as their encounters with the African tribes, reflects the author’s main themes and topics examined in the book. In particular, the author attains much importance to the analysis of cultural interaction between the European and the African people.
More importantly, the detailed description of their experiences also reveals the reactions and perceptions of the Portuguese people toward alien cultures. A thorough examination of customs and traditions, as well as religious issues, also provides a better picture of how social and economic life developed in Portugal and other countries in fifteenth and sixteenth century.
Further details exposed in the chapter are dedicated to the analysis of Muslim world and its religious influence on commercial relations. Trade activities on the Swahili Coast provided the Portuguese travelers with the valuable experience, as well as expanded their knowledge about cultural and religious peculiarities of communication.
While establishing favorable relationships with the Arab world, da Gama’s crew was not recognized as supporters of Christianity. On the contrary, most of the Muslims could even believe that the foreigners can have deep knowledge of their religion. In the course of explorations, Vasco da Gama did not only master the art of commerce, but also gained greater awareness of the influence and importance of culture in fostering trade relations.
Once again, the author emphasizes these cross-cultural relations standing at the core of the global economic and social development. More importantly, the chapter highlights the impact of Christianity on the development of economic and commercial roots between the Western and Eastern world, as well as da Gama’s contributions to these developments.
Further in the chapter, the author attains much importance to the aspects of cordiality and hospitality as the underpinnings for establishing fruitful relations between the two economies. Da Gama, therefore, was a pioneer applying cultural knowledge to enriching practical skills of cultural interaction.
To explain the process of cultural integration, the author refers to the depiction of da Gama’s initiatives in arranging the dinner Arab negotiators. Hence, creating a hospital and friendly atmosphere was the first step in forwarding successful exchange of products. Demonstrating respect for the Muslim religion was another efficient approach that da Gama applied to gain confidence in foreign traders. In particular, the explorer kept the Koran so as to demonstrate respect for religion and culture.
We will write a custom Essay on Chapter Review: The Epic First Voyage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While managing conflicts, da Gama’s expedition crew proved that trade relations could be based on the principle of expressing both cordiality and power. In fact, the explorers demonstrated that they were able to protect themselves and attack the foreigners.
In this respect, the chapter provides an example of da Gama’s capture of several African Muslims during negotiations to demonstrate their ability to protect and defeat. Thus, although peaceful intentions on the part of da Gama’s crew were obvious, the two sides of commercial debates were on the guard of expressing hostilities. Despite these challenges, the Portuguese merchants ready to avoid critical situations and reach the consensus over the terms of the commodity exchange.
Despite the success in managing foreign negotiation, da Gama and his crew faces serious challenges and conflict with the indigenous population in Africa. The experience described in the chapter can also serve as a valuable guide in the modern world of trade and commerce to avoid conflict situations. More importantly, the emerged contradictions also show the situations under which the negotiations were conducted.
Understanding the details presented in the chronological order, one can trace valuable patterns of arranging trade and shaping a favorable climate for promoting commercial activities. Highlights from da Gama’s dramatic life provide an extensive overview of trade issues in a broader context. As the explorer conquered new cultural and territorial boundaries, he made more valuable contributions to the evaluation and development of new markets that are still considered in the modern world.
Although the chapter exposes a chronological, detailed account of Vasco da Gama’s life, accurate and day-by-day description often prevents the reader from deducing important information about the role of the Portuguese explorations in shaping economic and commercial relations at the international market.
Nevertheless, heavy reliance on details allows the readers to understand the evidence-based approach used by the author to render the importance of historic events. While exploring the African territories and India, Vasco da Gama and his people revealed themselves as exceptional seamen, skillful military leaders, and peaceful negotiators.
By trials and errors, the Portuguese fleet gained much experience in negotiating with African and Indian indigenous population. Using hospitality and cordiality as the basis for establishing commercial relations, the crew discovered efficient marketing strategies that fostered trade activities and widened the European influence on the Muslim world.
While confronting the religious issues in the Indian world, da Gama faced less friction with the indigenous population. In particular, the chapter provides an overview of the crew’s experience in communicating with the Indian Christian and analyzing the differences in their perception of religion. In addition, the explorers paid close attention to the role of language in successful interaction and negotiation with both Africans and Indian peoples.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Chapter Review: The Epic First Voyage by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In conclusion, it should be stated that the chapter provides a detailed account of the journey of the Portuguese fleet, particularly their experience in facing different cultures, societies and religions.
The chapter also focuses on aspects that have a potent impact on the development of fruitful commercial relations in the Muslim world and India. By evaluating the commercial techniques, the author points out the contributions of Vasco da Gama and his crew to the development of international relations, as well as to trade activities between the Western and Easten world.
More importantly, the biographical account also fosters readers’ understanding of how commerce has been developing in the course of time. Finally, the overview of the historic journey provides a wider picture of confrontations and conflicts between cultures, as well as how those confrontations were managed by the parties.
Works Cited Ames, Glen. The First Epic Voyage: Preparations and the Coasts of Africa. Vasco da Gama: Renaissance Crusader. Ed. Glen Ames. New York: Pearson, 2004. Print. 17-43
Economics and Global Business Applications Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Introduction There is no doubt that communication is an integral marketing strategy that a firm must master in order to compete effectively in foreign markets. According to Tian and Borges (2011), a company must adopt sound marketing communication strategies in order to engage in international business successfully (p. 110). Nonetheless, some senior executives fail to realize that cultural difference may enhance or impede a company’s marketing approach in a foreign market.
As the world becomes globalised, many countries have progressively staked a claim to “a right to culture” in global business (Tian
Ethical Standards in Scientific Research Essay (Article) best college essay help: best college essay help
Ethics identifies with the moral issues governing the differences between what is wrong and what is right. Ethics expresses the norms resonating with agreeable behaviours and non-agreeable behaviours in the community.
Research shows that people learn ethics in schools, in homes, in religious places, and in other environmental social settings. Research ethics is characterised by the application of the ethical principles in scientific research. Shi (2007) argues that the considerations of ethics in research outcomes modernisations are critical in research findings and research project.
It has been noted that healthcare industry has a number of researches in form of research enquiries that are defined by the theories involved in scientific research. There have been concerns over the application of ethical standards in defining the qualitative approaches in research work (Shi, 2007).
There are diverse challenges faced by researchers in conducting the research practices in the scientific research, among them validation of results. Research is an expensive exercise and it is geared towards solving a particular problem, researchers in the recent decades has been faced with the challenges of funding research projects.
Research shows that ethics maintains quality of the research, reliability of research, safeguarding subject under research and maintaining objectivity in research work (Shi, 2007). It has been noted that research objectivity is enhanced through strict adherence of research procedures, research standards and research methods. Ethical principles in research work identifies with maintaining high levels of trust and honesty in the reporting and presentation of the data.
Ethical principles can also be enhanced through independent data analysis, independent interpretation of data and making sure that the data analysis has minimal errors. There are a number of other ethical models applied in research work identifying with validation of research through publications and consulting similar studies done by previous researchers on the same topic to make sure that the report is well inclusive, and not a mere repetition of work earlier researched on (Shi, 2007).
Researchers acquire information from various sources: there are primary sources and secondary sources of information. Technological advancement has made the transfer of information from one person to another person efficient and fast. World Wide Web (WWW) is a search platform that has enabled availability of internet.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main challenges with the information from the internet is characterised by the data privacy, lost confidentiality, integrity of data, ethical issues and intellectual property issues. Internet sources of information are not always authentic (Shi, 2007).
Research funding may be obtained from the government, foundations, private industries and professional organisations. Funding of research work is considered an ethical issue. The authenticity of funds must be verified to give a clean way of the results and findings.
Funding of research work has a positive influence on the desired research outcomes (Shi, 2007). Some organisations support research work in favour of particular course, this has proved necessary to cite the sources of the money used in the research to discourage research projects politicking.
Ethics in healthcare is a complex subject; this is because the medical practitioners engage patients from all over the world with diverse schools of reasoning. Research shows that issues dealing with patients must be taken seriously since human life is a gift, and at the same time should not be taken for granted. The welfare of the patients must be enhancing to cultivate patient satisfaction. This is a practice valued in the healthcare industry (Fuchs, 2010).
Medical practitioners deal with circumstances and situations on daily basis that has a direct influence on the lives of people. This is the reason behind majority of the healthcare organisations in the United States being equipped with an ethics committee, procedures, policies and code of ethics to make sure that all the interests of the parties taking part are fully addressed.
It has been noted that healthcare management ethics calls for confidentiality, practising active prevention of diseases deemed transmittable, engaging in controlled marketing practices, enhancing authenticity and patient welfare safeguarding among other issues that most patients and healthcare practitioners take for granted.
Victor Fuchs in his article focussed on Health Care Reforms in the United States. The articles argue that the current technological changes call for reforms in the healthcare sector to conform to the global changes (Fuchs, 2010). There is a need to have a critical look at the four C’s identifying with Coverage, Control of costs, coordinated care and the Choice. Fuchs (2010) asserted that coordinated health care and the cost control are yet to be exploited.
We will write a custom Article on Ethical Standards in Scientific Research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Research indicates that the research was funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Blue Shield of California. The research was conducted as part of the FRESH (Focussed Research on Efficient Secure Health) Thinking research program and the SIEPR (Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research) (Fuchs, 2010).
Ethics is a wide concept with diverse meanings, different people from different parts of the world has diverse concepts of ethics. There is a need to do more research on the basics of ethics to make researchers have a common ground on the ethical practices in research work. Research ethics revolves on trust; scientists trust the research of other researchers as valid and at the same time the society has the belief that the results are honest with high levels of accuracy and zero bias (Shi, 2007).
References Fuchs, V. R. (2010). Health Care Reform. A Collection of Articles on U.S. Health Care Reform , 2-44.
Shi, L. (2007). Health Services Research Methods. New York: Delmar Cengage Learning.
(The article is also available in https://www.stanford.edu/)
The Immigration Debate Essay college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
The Dream Act
Introduction The American election debate usually attracts a lot of interest from its citizenry and the whole world due to the fact that the United States is a world super-power. Additionally, policies implemented by presidential contenders once they assume office tend to have ripple effects on the whole world.
The November elections this year will pit incumbent president Barrack Obama who is a Democrat, against Mitt Romney who is a Republican. It is noteworthy to mention that these two presidential candidates do not concur on most of the social and economic issues, which the federal state should address. Immigration is one of the aspects on which Romney and Obama have different perspectives.
It touches on the Dream Act, border fencing and the problem of undocumented workers. In Marotti’s words, “Obama says he has passed legislation that has helped immigrants in America, and Romney says he will be the one to sort out the immigration issue America is faced with” (par. 2).
Border Fences The American government has made significant strides in ensuring that its border, especially with Mexico, is impervious. However, there are occasions when individuals deem it appropriate to cross the border without legal authority from the immigration department.
It is in this regard that Obama is agitating for the deployment of additional 20,000 security personnel to fortify border security (Wood par. 4). Additionally, he vehemently proposes the building of a 370 mile high security fence on the American-Mexican border to ward-off illegal immigrants.
Mitt Romney also passionately advocates for the beefing up of border security. Additionally, he highly advocates for introduction of an electronic entry and exit verification system. The system will ensure that a vetting process is installed to confirm that people entering the country are recognized by the immigration department. Such drastic measures according to Romney are necessary, because a chunk of illegal immigrants hail from South America and get into the united states via Mexico.
Consequently, it is quite crucial that anyone who wants to get into the United States via the Mexican border is kept at bay, regardless of the individual’s creed, color or race (Marotti par. 7). According to Wood, “Romney has sought to put immigration reform in an economic context, suggesting changes designed to help American business” (par. 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Dream Act The Dream Act which was introduced to the American congress in 2001 is yet to be ratified, because it cannot garner enough support from both sides of the floor. It seeks to provide legal status, education and jobs to individuals who came to the United States when under sixteen years of age but are yet to attain the age of 30.
Incidentally, president Obama supports the Dream Act and is intent is to ensure that the above mentioned individuals are accorded citizenship (Marotti par. 8). President Obama saved a host of young illegal immigrants from deportation in June, when he granted them two-year work permits through executive decision. Accordingly, this shows his unwavering commitment in his concern for the welfare of immigrants.
On the contrary, Romney is opposed to the ratification of the Dream Act in all regards. Romney predicates that giving any illegal immigrants a soft landing will only provide momentum for additional immigrants to flock into the country. His deep conviction is that illegal immigration should be curtailed. However, he asserts that students from overseas who study in the United States should be granted work visas upon graduating, especially those from science and engineering disciplines (Iverac par. 8).
Undocumented Workers The other perspective of immigration is the thorny issue of undocumented workers. Obama holds the view that the federal state should initiate and expedite the formalization of citizenship for illegal immigrants. He believes that it is the moral duty of the federal state to accord illegal immigrants a fair trial before deporting them back to their countries.
He is lobbying for the actualization of a guest worker program to enable the economy meet its high demand for low-skill low-wage labor. Furthermore, he underscores the importances of having an employment verification system to enable employers tell whether the person being hired is a legal or illegal immigrant (Wood par. 5). Subsequently, this sort of information from employers can go a long way in helping the state to keep tabs on the number of immigrants working in the country, both legal and illegal.
On the other hand, Mitt Romney castigates illegal immigrants. He believes that they should all go back to their countries and re-apply for immigration into the United States. As a result, he is championing for the self deportation strategy where the federal government makes it impossible for illegal immigrants to secure jobs in the United States (Iverac par. 9).
He argues that making life abrasive for illegal immigrants will make them want to go home without any coercion by the state. Romney believes that the current and previous regimes have been playing cat and mouse games with illegal immigrants for a long time, and it is time the issue is brought to an end.
We will write a custom Essay on The Immigration Debate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He is propagating the sanctioning of employers who hire illegal immigrants, in order to deter the menace of illegal immigrants doing jobs that would have otherwise been taken up by legal immigrants and ordinary citizens. On a lighter note, Romney is seeking support from all quarters to relax the laws that enable people acquire temporary work permits. He believes that immigrants play a very pivotal role in the economic development of the nation.
Therefore, by enabling people get entry into the United States where they can be more productive is instrumental in job creation and technological innovation, if the law is followed to the letter (Wood par. 9). A point of concurrence on the immigration issue between Obama and Romney is the employer electronic verification system. They believe this should be implemented to enable employers screen the immigration status of possible employees.
Conclusion The United States of America is epitomized by everyone around the world for its impeccable infrastructure, education, quality healthcare and freedom of expression. Consequently it is a dream destination for people who live in less developed countries (Marotti par. 5).
Therefore, scores of people will continue applying for green card lotteries in a bid to gain entry into the United States. However, there are those unscrupulous individuals who will always try to circumvent the system by gaining illegal entry into the country, through the porous borders or otherwise. By and large, the immigration issue is a sensitive matter and it should not be subjected to political rhetoric by republicans or democrats.
Much as the candidates will try to appease voters mostly of South American descent, the crux of the matter is that illegal immigrants are not eligible to vote. Illegal immigrants will still be a source of unemployment in the United States, if their grievances are relegated to a lip service discourse and not decisively dealt with. Iverac argues that, “What precisely will happen next year depends whether two parties will be able to reach a compromise” (par. 25).
Works Cited Iverac, Mireta. “Obama, Romney Differ in Approach to Immigration Problems.” WNYC News, 15 October 2012. Web.
Marotti, Ally. “Obama, Romney Debate Illuminates Immigration Differences.” The Lantern, 17 October 2012. Web.
Wood, Daniel B. “Obama vs. Romney 101: Ways they Differ on Immigration.” The Christian Science Monitor, 29 August 2012. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Immigration Debate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Is Globalization Beneficial or Tyrannical? Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
It is undeniable that globalization describes the path that the world is taking technologically and economically. Nations all over the world have become intertwined in financial relationships that make them dependent on each other. Markets are becoming increasingly free with the global demand and supply for major technological and agricultural products.
Since the end of cold war, all nations are increasingly adopting the capitalist economic system which encourages world trade. Technology, particularly information technology, has also played a great role in dissolving national barriers to create an increasingly uniform social system. All these aspects of the modern society constitute globalization.
While some analysts consider globalization desirable, some people argue that this phenomenon is a slow drift of the world towards tyranny and domination by some privileged class. A global economic system and global information technologies dominated by economically superior nations are leading the world towards tyranny and domination.
Analysts Alan Taylor and Maurice Obstefield argued that the apparent economic globalization is actually trade between rich countries while poor nations are sidelined (Friedman, 2008). Trade among countries in the north is fair since countries depend on each other enhancing their economic security.
However, the nations in the south are sidelined and exploited for raw materials and labor. Thus, globalization has one set of countries exploiting another group of weaker countries. As this consolidation of economic power continues among rich countries, the economically weaker countries lose bargaining power for their contribution to the world economy. Thus, globalization is not as fair or uniform as it might seem (Friedman, 2008).
Robert Lucas also analyzed the idea of capital and concluded that the apparent movement of capital from rich countries to poor countries is deceptive. The common perception is that the poor countries are benefitting from the investments made by rich countries (Friedman, 2008).
However, the amount of returns the poor countries get from provision of labor, raw materials, and infrastructure to aid production by multinationals is much less that the benefit the rich countries get from the cheap labor and low overhead costs they have in developing countries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Lucas, the overall effect is that poor countries are exploited by rich countries. Much of the labor force in poor countries becomes dependent on the multinationals leading to tyranny by foreign countries. The multinationals act as representatives of their countries of origin and may coerce their host countries into any kind of agreements.
In addition, the capital invested in developing countries is a small proportion of the movement of capital in the world market. The small economies of the developing countries amplify the apparent investments so that they appear to be huge investments (Friedman, 2008). Thus, the movement of capital among rich countries is obscured by their huge economies making the investments in them seem small.
Information technology is the leading cause of all kinds of globalization. Cultures are slowly merging to form one uniform culture around the world. Information technology began with development of air transport and mass media. News travel around the world as fast as they do within a country. This spread of culture has been amplified by emergence of the internet in the early 1990s.
Social networking and mail services on the internet have enabled people to interact socially over the internet. More people are continuously joining the internet community. Entrepreneurs own companies that provide the internet services and access from rich countries. Through these companies, people from the developed countries are able to control the information that people can access over the internet all over the world.
They have the ability to influence world opinion. In addition, they collect a vast amount of personal information from people around the world. This way, the majority of the world population can be controlled through the internet giving companies that provide internet services an immense power (Mishkin, 2009). It is obvious that the internet is used for the benefit of the developed countries.
Other analysts argue that globalization is the path to global prosperity. The most significant benefit of globalization is the spread of technology from developed countries to the developing countries. Since most of the developed countries are always more technologically advanced than developing countries, technology and scientific knowledge always flows from the developed countries to the developing countries (Rodrik, 2010). This enables the developing countries to keep up with the global economic development.
Another argument is that developing countries cannot generate enough capital to match the labor in their economies. Yoav Friedman describes globalization exclusively as a process of movement of capital. Although he blames movement of capital for the spread of financial risk over many countries, he also argues that mobility of capital is important for global economy and stability (Friedman, 2008).
We will write a custom Essay on Is Globalization Beneficial or Tyrannical? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, capital from larger economies is needed for economic development and production to increase. People in a developing country are employed by the multinationals; through their wages, the domestic economy obtains bargaining power to purchase what it needs in the international markets. Some analysts say that this flow of capital from the rich countries to the poor countries is necessary to enable weak economies to participate in international trade.
Social networking over the internet and mass media is another major player in the process of globalization. Some analysts argue the world’s societies are interconnected trough the use of social media and mass media (Hickman, 2012). John Hickman focuses on the positive aspects of globalization. He depicts social media as a forum where ideas are generated in an open platform. Knowledge is passed from one society to the other through mass media. The societies become integrated into one global community (Hickman, 2012). This integration is necessary for cohesion and peace around the world. Through such cohesion, development and trade are possible.
Globalization has several analysts arguing in its favor or against it. Although the immediate impression created by the essence of globalization indicates that it is a positive phenomenon and an advantage for the world society, the truth is that globalization is leading the world towards tyranny (Rodrik, 2010).
The world’s poor nations are becoming poorer and more dependent on the rich nations (Mishkin, 2009). This financial dependency makes them weak and susceptible to manipulation. It is also evident that the long-term effect of information technology that is instrumental in all forms off globalization is one global culture.
This culture is based entirely on the culture of the dominant nations. Since these nations own communication companies and mass media corporations, it is obvious that the material broadcast contains aspects of culture from powerful countries (Rodrik, 2010). The ultimate outcome of globalization is tyranny by one or a few wealthy nations. This may put the control of the world in the hands of a few people.
References Friedman, Y. (2008). Globalization of capital movements. Israel Economic Review, 2(2), 45-78.
Hickman, J. (2012). Social Media
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Brain Imaging Research Paper argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Advantages of MRI in Brain Imaging
Components of MRI Signal
Interpretation of the MRI Signal
Introduction Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has emerged as one of the most powerful diagnostic tools in the radiology clinic. The chief strengths of MRI are its ability to provide cross sectional images of anatomical regions in any arbitrary plane and its excellent soft tissue contrast (Sunders 4).
MRI has the ability to provide functional as well as anatomical information. The nuclear energy states of certain atoms interact with incidence radio frequency photons in the presence of a statistic magnetic field. The radio frequency emission by tissue that follows the absorption of photons can be exploited to generate images (Sunders 4). MRI has become a vital diagnostic tool during the screening of the pathophysiology of brain related illnesses. This paper discusses the application of MRI in brain imaging.
Advantages of MRI in Brain Imaging MRI has much strength as a brain imaging technique. Unlike Computerized Tomography scan (CT), MRI requires no ionization, and it has no known physical hazards in human beings (Andreasean 56).
The pictures of the brain produced by MRI are reminiscent of the postmortem brain slices seen in neuroanatomy laboratories and neuroanatomy atlases. This technique provides excellent resolution between gray matter and white matter, permitting visualization of tiny structures, such as cranial nerves, nuclei of the basal ganglia, or limbic structures such as the hippocampus (Andreasean 56).
Magnetic resonance imaging can be obtained in three planes: sagittal, coronal, and transverse. As a consequence, MRI provides a much greater potential for three dimensional reconstruction of the brain. Not only does magnetic resonance permit visualization in new planes, such as in coronal sections, but it is also free of bony artifacts (Andreasean 56).
Bone, in fact, cannot be visualized well with MRI. However, with MRI it is possible to look into the posterior fossa, a region that is obscured by bone artifacts on other diagnostic regimes such CT scan (Andreasean 56). Further, with this technique, fine shades of tissue abnormality can be identified very well.
Basic Principles Magnetic resonance employs principles which govern electricity and magnetism. This technique exploits the inherent magnetic field produced by the nuclei of some atoms (Andreasean 56). By far, the most common of these is hydrogen, which is composed of a single proton. Because hydrogen is widely distributed in the body, it forms the basis of MRI.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, hydrogen produces a strong signal. MRI induces a magnetic field to the nuclei in one plane, thereby creating a non random magnetization that is strong enough to measure. Protons have their own specific spin and wobble, which can be excited by a radio signal broadcast at their specific frequency known as Larmor frequency, by a radio field transmitter.
The gradual decay in this resonance is then measured by a radio frequency receiver. The radio frequency signal can then be converted by computer to shades of gray, white, and black corresponding to the strength of the signal, and used to make images or pictures.
Components of MRI Signal The MRI signal is produced by three different components which include proton density, T1 relaxation time, and T2 relaxation time (Andreasean 56). Proton density reflects the number of protons present in a particular tissue (Andreasean 56).
On the other hand, T1 relaxation time is an exponential growth constant that reflects the return of magnetization of protons to their equilibrium state in the Z axis (Andreasean 56). In addition, T2 relaxation time is an exponential decay constant that reflects the loss of signal strength as dephasing of spin occurs after excitation (Andreasean 56). These components are often defined by Bloch equation.
Interpretation of the MRI Signal The signals emitted are turned into images by assigning various shades of gray, white, and black to tiny blocks of tissue according to their difference in signal intensity. Generally, if the signal is strong, the image will be brighter. Several factors influence signal intensity. They include proton density, decreased T1, and increase T2 (Andreasean 56).
Tissues with a short T1 relax and return to equilibrium more quickly and therefore give off a brighter signal. Tissues with a long T2 stay in phase longer and give out a brighter signal. Therefore, one must know whether the image is T1 or T2 weighted in order to interpret it. Most pathological processes lengthen T1 and T2 (Andreasean 56). This is attributed to an increase in water content in those tissues (Andreasean 56).
Clinical Applications A variety of conditions of the brain can be detected using MRI. Examples of brain conditions which can be detected by MRI include “bleeding, cysts, tumors, developmental and structural abnormalities, inflammatory conditions, swellings, or problems associated with blood vessels” (Andreasean 56).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Brain Imaging specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, “MRI can be useful in evaluating problems such as persistent headaches, dizziness, weakness, and blurry vision or seizures, and it can help detect certain chronic diseases of the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis” (Rosenbloom 364).
MRI is vey helpful in the diagnosis of brain tumors. It gives detailed information on cellular structure, vascular supply, and tumor anatomy (Rosenbloom 366). In addition, MRI provides essential details which reveal the location of the tumor, the type of the tumor, and the size of the tumor.
MRI thus necessitates the effective diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of brain tumors. The imaging of brain tumors using MRI can be produced in several ways. It can be achieved through “Diffusion weighted MRI, perfusion weighted MRI, diffusion tensor MRI, intraoperative MRI, and awake cranial anatomy with MRI” (Rosenbloom 367).
Rosenbloom argues that this technique is vital in the identification of defects in the brain, which are as a result of alcoholism. In addition, MRI is essential in the identification of changes that occur due to soberness and recurrence. MRI has shown that alcoholism causes “shrinkage in the frontal cortex, 1 underlying white matter, and cerebellum and expansion of the ventricles” (Rosenbloom 368).
Rosenbloom also notes that “these changes are reversible with abstinence, although some appear to be enduring” (368). Imaging studies have shown that the brain has the potential to compensate for cognitive inadequacy. “The myriad concomitants of alcoholism, the antecedents, and the consumption patterns each may influence the observed brain changes associated with alcoholism, which tend to be deleterious with increasing age”( Rosenbloom 368).
The complex features of alcoholism limit the comprehension of the mechanism of alcoholism induced neuropathology. However, “in vivo longitudinal MRI brain studies can be used to understand the development and scope of alcohol dependence” (Rosenbloom 368).
In addition, Edith, Adron and Adolf, argue that multidisciplinary studies have played a key role in the examination of brain function, structure and attending factors.
These studies have been instrumental in evaluating alcohol related damage to the brain. Most importantly, these studies have necessitated the identification of substrates which initiate alcohol related neuropathology. A majority of these studies have concentrated on the neuropsychological sequelae of alcoholism.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Brain Imaging by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This has led to the evaluation of a pattern of sparing and impairment, which has been instrumental in understanding functional deficits. “These studies have elucidated the component processes of memory, problem solving, and cognitive control, as well as visuospatial, and motor processes and their interactions with cognitive control processes” (Edith, Adron and Adolf 127).
The main advantage of MRI in brain imaging science, according to Edith, Adron and Adolf is that “it has necessitated the analysis of the course brain of structural changes during periods of drinking, and abstinence, and relapse” (127).
“MRI studies in patients with phenylketonuria revealed white matter alternations that correlated to most recent blood phenylalanine concentrations as well as brain phenylalanine measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy”( Rosenbloom 368).
Furthermore, Rutherford et al. conducted a study “to establish a more objective method for confirming tissue injury in term neonates who have early seizures that are believed to be hypoxic ischaemic in origin” (1004). The researchers found out that MRI is essential in the early diagnosis of tissue injury in term neonates who have early seizures.
Conclusion This paper has noted that Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has emerged as one of the most powerful diagnostic tools in the radiology clinic. The chief strengths of MRI are its ability to provide cross sectional images of anatomical regions in any arbitrary plane and its excellent soft tissue contrast (Sunders 4). MRI has the ability to provide functional as well as anatomical information. Magnetic resonance employs principles which govern electricity and magnetism.
This technique exploits the inherent magnetic field produced by the nuclei of some atoms (Andreasean 56). By far, the most common of these is hydrogen, which is composed of a single proton. The radio frequency signal is usually converted by computer to shades of gray, white, and black corresponding to the strength of the signal and used to make images or pictures. The MRI signal is produced by three different components which include proton density, T1 relaxation time, and T2 relaxation time (Andreasean 56).
Generally, if the signal is strong, the image will be brighter. Several factors influence signal intensity. They include proton density, decreased TI, and increase T2. Most pathological processes lengthen T1 and T2 (Andreasean 56). This is attributed to an increase in water content in those tissues (Andreasean 56). A variety of conditions of the brain can be detected using MRI.
Examples of brain conditions which can be detected by MRI include “bleeding, cysts, tumors, developmental and structural abnormalities, swellings, inflammatory conditions, or problems associated with blood vessels; MRI can be employed in the evaluation of abnormalities in the brain that occur as a result of alcoholism as well as changes that occur with sobriety and relapse” (Andreasean 56).
MRI has shown that alcoholism causes “shrinkage in the frontal cortex, 1 underlying white matter, and cerebellum and expansion of the ventricles” (Rosenbloom 368).
In addition, “MRI can be useful in evaluating problems such as persistent headaches, dizziness, weakness, and blurry vision or seizures, and it can help detect certain chronic diseases of the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis” (Rosenbloom 364). The main advantage of MRI in brain imaging science, according to Edith, Adron and Adolf is that “it has necessitated the analysis of the course brain of structural changes during periods of drinking, and abstinence and relapse” (127).
Works Cited Andreasean, Nancy. Brain Imaging: Applications in Psychiatry. New York: American Psychiatric Pub, 1989. Web.
Edith, Sullivan, Adron Harris, and Adolf Pfefferbaum. “Alcohol’s Effects on Brain and Behavior.” Alcohol Research
The Making of an Unequal Society Essay essay help free
Joseph Stiglitz believed that inequality in America was the result of a conspiracy between the rich and powerful. He also added that the U.S. government assisted them. He placed blame on their shoulders and he was angry because of his convictions.
Stiglitz acknowledged that there are other forces at work but conceded that the major reason for the inequality is due to the actions of the wealthy, the corrupt and the opportunists. Stiglitz labeled the ability of the rich and powerful to steal from the weak as the art of rent seeking. Stiglitz observation must be considered in order to build an egalitarian society.
Stiglitz traced the root-cause of inequality and said that it can be traced back to the acquisition of military power in ancient times. He said that the rich and powerful seized power in order to extract resources from the people that they have dominated. An overview of feudal systems and empires can easily confirm this assertion.
Kings, landlords, warlords, emperors and pharaohs demonstrated the immutable fact that those who had the military and economic power to subdue people can force others to pay tribute. They also earned the capability to allocate resources in their favor.
The author said that the ultimate goal of corrupt leaders and businessman is not to create wealth but to transfer wealth. He added that the rich and powerful had perfected various schemes that compeled others to pay tribute even if they did not work for it. The author said that this phenomenon is called rent seeking.
Stiglitz cited examples such as: 1) hidden and open transfers and subsidies from government; 2) laws that make the marketplace less competitive; 3) lax enforcement of existing competition laws; and 4) statutes that allow corporations to take advantage of others or pass costs on to the rest of society (Stiglitz, p.39).
Stiglitz condemned rent seeking and used strong terms to denounce the evil created by corrupt members of society and he wrote:
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To put it baldly, there are two ways to become wealthy: to create wealth or take wealth away from others. The former adds to society. The latter typically subtracts from it, for in the process of taking it away, wealth gets destroyed (Stiglitz, p.32).
One can just imagine the wasted opportunities when wealth was destroyed through corruption. At the same time one can just imagine the ripple effect of a single act of benevolence. A businessman that created a high-quality product and sold it at the right price contributed in the creation of a better society. But a greedy businessman with inferior products and overpriced goods sold will create inefficiency in society.
Stiglitz also condemned predatory lending practices and expressed his displeasure when he stated that the government’s inability to curb credit card woes was an outrageous form of social injustice. He added that the government must intervene and that policymakers should establish rules and regulations that will protect the poor from unscrupulous businessmen.
Stiglitz argued that the solution to inequality is effective income distribution. He said that it is the byproduct of both political and economic processes. Therefore, the government must exert political will in order to shape and control the economic process so that it does not only favor the powerful and the rich.
For example, a company’s failure can be traced to the hefty bonuses given to the CEO. The outrageous sums of money given to corporate heads led to the downfall of certain companies because the CEOs were forced to manipulate financial data in order to show that the company is profitable and therefore strengthen their hold on their position of authority as well as their large pay bonuses. The government can end this problem by enforcing laws against different forms of fraudulent business practices.
Aside from creating effective laws and enforcing them, there is another way that the government can help in the process of income distribution and this is through a more practical and effective method of raising revenue through taxes. The problem of taxation becomes evident when it comes to the amount of money collected through the extraction of natural resources.
Stiglitz said that most of the time, the government fails to collect the correct amount that has to be paid after mining firms had extracted minerals from government lands. Stiglitz therefore concluded that in effect this is comparable to giving money away to the rich and powerful.
We will write a custom Essay on The Making of an Unequal Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If the government develops a better system to ensure effectvie collection of taxes and fees, then, there are more funds that can be used to help poor families. Furthermore, there will be more funds that can be used to create opportunities for those who wanted to break the power of poverty over their lives. If Stiglitz can prove his claim that the government failed to collect the correct amount of taxes from mining firms and other companies, then, there are hundreds of millions of dollars that remained in the hands of the rich and powerful.
The same resources should have been re-distributed in favor of the less fortunate. One can just imagine the impact of an additional $1 billion in taxes that can expand the scope of public service. Consider for instance the impact of an additional $2 billion injected into the public school system. Consider the impact if the government has enough money to finance the education of 1,000 college students.
Conclusion Stiglitz was correct when he said that rent seeking could destroy an economy. The financial crisis of 2008 was a powerful reminder of what can happen if power is concentrated in the hands of a few people. Stiglitz pointed out that since the beginning of time the rich and powerful will do everything to maintain the status quo.
Stiglitz also highlighted an important fact and he said that rent seeking required a sophisticated and concerted effort. It is difficult to dismantle the apparatus that created rent seeking. It is difficult to eradicate rent seeking because one can only dismantle the said apparatus with the help of the government.
Rent seeking can be destroyed through the ratification of particular laws that will create checks and balances in the system. The government plays a vital role in the eradication of rent seeking because it will require political will to go after white-collar crimes.
However, the regulatory agencies that were established to monitor industries and enforce laws are manned by people from the private sector. For example the energy regulatory agency is under the supervision of people that used to work in oil companies. Stiglitz said that these people who were appointed to a government post will never do anything to jeopardize their standing in the said industry.
They knew that their present job in the government will not last long. In some cases their position is dependent on the next presidential election. Therefore, they will do everything in their power to appease the CEOs so that they will be assured of a comfortable and profitable job when they go back to the private sector.
Works Cited Stiglitz, Joseph. The Price of Inequality.New York: W.W. Norton, 2012. Print.
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Social Influences in Ancient Literature Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Religious, Social and Political Influences
Findings and Discussion
Religious, Social and Political Influences Introduction The novels, “Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe and “An Unwritten Novel” by Virginia Woolf, and the poems, “Song of Myself” by Walt Whiteman and “Diary of a Madman” by Lu Xun, explore political, social, and metaphysical fiction genre. Drawn from personal experiences, these writings reveal rot of the society as contributed due to the themes raised there, such as monopolistic corporation, misery, twin-self, paranoia, altered states, and authoritarian administration. This paper examines similarities in these four writings.
Comparative Analysis The main theme presented by these writings is personal identity as a component of realism. Literary writing attempts to inexplicitly portray certain thoughts of characters. Recognizing themes of loyalty, moral crisis, honor, and revenge, Chinua Achebe sarcastically ridicules neocolonialism in Africa. The main character, Okonkwo, is an African gentleman full of pride which he loses and hangs himself at the end.
Colonialism is depicted to force a rather peaceful society to embrace a sudden change. As a result, those who do not cope up should be swept away by the heavy forced change. Reflectively, Chinua is moved by Okonkwo’s imaginative exploration of memory manipulation and how misused power can wreak havoc on humanity. Chinua tries to blend the high-concept vision of the world of tomorrow with his own stylized and highly dramatized language.
He creates a very human story that combines stories of both self-discovery and love. Chinua Achebe succeeds in convincingly mingling the ‘futuristic’ and the ‘realistic’ imaginations of the colonial power to create a world of exotic exploitation and mind control characterized by time variances, chauvinism, and societal imbalances. Interestingly, the narrative genre presents an unending conflict between neocolonialism and total freedom which exist to present times.
The theme of time, similar to Chinua Achebe’s reflection, is illustrated in the poem Song of Myself. Indeed, the poet considered time as a marvelous nasty task. Walt intends to turn over features of time in order to command over time. Furthermore, Walt is distressed with time; however, this is not a surprise to people. In fact, time was a controversial debate in the 1600s. Actually, Walt lived when Sir Newton Isaac and Galileo transformed the manner people perceived the time. Indeed, time is a mystery.
Walt’s poem, therefore, tries to investigate the secrets of time. Theme of sex is also presented in the poem as a social concern. In fact, if time is a marvelous nasty task to Walt, then sex is a fantastic power over which he wants to dominate. Indeed, the issue of sex was rarely discussed in public in the traditional society of his time. However, with intelligence and braveness, Walt talks about sex in an open, attractive and agitating language.
Actually, sex comprises one of the mysteries that many poets have never dared to investigate upon. Indeed, Walt’s dedication possibly overlays the approach for more public debate about sex matters. Furthermore, the conflict in the poetic narrative is due to sexual vision associated rather with time than the society. Actually, Walt explains that sexual relation would enable him to command over time; however, such idea was sarcastically intended. Indeed, this is an eventual remark to the short feature of sexual pleasure in life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The poem “Diary of a Madman” by Lu Xun shares the same thoughts on the society in terms of perception on morality. The theme of morality meaning death is discussed in Xun’s poem. The poet describes thus his apparition of death. Though, such apparition is decently perceived depending on what the poet converses and wishes such hope is beyond and far from his dream.
Actually, Xun believes that death happens due to failure to control and command over time. Moreover, the poet appears to be a humorous narrator who builds an interesting and amusing poem. According to Xun’s poem, death is associated with time. Besides, Xun presents theme of captivity and liberation. Xun discusses how he was imprisoned in the mind and viewed the ways to liberate from that situation.
Actually, Xun’s poem calls for freedom in human life. Besides, sex is just a metaphorical figure in the poem. In fact, what Xun expects is adequate amount of time that would perpetually last beyond his hope. Furthermore, the poem also elevates doubt of irony and actually misleads readers with incorrect and strident imagery. Moreover, certain critics perceive that the poem is a sarcastic declaration on unrealistic obsession.
Actually, they deny the view that the poem holds a solemn disposition. Actually, the second verse of the poem attempts to suggest a swift change of imagery which entails worms, marble vaults and grave. Moreover, Xun deliberates to use such metaphors to portray a practical and ruthless death which lies ahead of lovers. Actually, Xun aims to use such statement to frighten the society in order to come into his compliance and interest.
The novel “Unwritten Novel” by Virginia Woolf dwells on perception and the changing beliefs in the society. In fact, this applies how poetry uses indirect implication to pass on information. Presenting information in direct manner seems tiresome and boring. Changing information and making such ideas indefinite and ambiguous enable readers to catch the implications.
There is a necessity for two people to work together; thus one individual drafts a poem and another person tries to figure out its content. While another person tosses a ball, another individual seizes it. Indeed, it is cumbersome for an individual to toss decent common information and catch the implication at the same time. Thus, Virginia presents a view that ‘Divine Providence’ is a crucial need in human life. Actually, mankind needs power to fly (wings) in order to find freedom.
Virginia asserts that every person should develop true consistency and ensure conformity. People should follow their own ideas and personal instinct. Virginia advocates for a philosophical principle of “trust thyself” as a concept of self-reliance.
We will write a custom Essay on Social Influences in Ancient Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More People should be self-reliant in order to depend rather on their own reasoning and intuition than on popular views and conformity to common opinions of other people. Moreover, the main idea is that an individual should trust his or her own inner inspirations. Hence, people should nurture intuition that inspires their thinking. This kind of ‘inner voice’ should not be corrupted and influenced by others. Virginia advises contemporary fellow colleagues to avoid imitating people as role models.
Furthermore, Virginia urges people to be confident in achieving their own individual interests and have courage to develop their own original intentions. People should decline to conform with customs of recognized cultures since such practices are mere shallow ideals. Instead people should build their own ideals, even though such kind of creativity might cause accusation and criticism.
Findings and Discussion Reflectively, the authors opine that transcendentalism is a philosophical notion regarding reality principles, as realized through thinking processes that are beyond empirical periphery.
Transcendental thinking is spiritual and intuitive reality. They reject the attitude of unthinking conformity that is prevalent in the contemporary society. Xun urges every person to develop his or her own original relationship with the world. Virginia is also against the idea of collective responsibility. She advocates for individual rights to enhance human potentialities.
Besides, she is against excessive material possession and dehumanization that are rampant due to the era of industrial revolution. Achebe is disappointed with spiritual insufficiency of the recognized religions. Achebe advocates for transcendentalism that is against unkind and merciless authoritarian neocolonialism. Walt proposes transcendentalism which aims at more emotionally communicative, socially mindful and humanistic way of coexisting.
According to Xun, transcendentalism does not concern a particular belief. Virginia views nature as a reality which is made up of four components, such as discipline, beauty, commodity, and language. These components define the manner in which people utilize nature for their essential needs, their wish for enjoyment, their knowledge of the world, and communication among themselves.
According to Achebe, nature is something too much complicated to human minds; people do not appreciate its beauty, even though nature provides us with everything. Human beings get distracted by natural events around them and do not ripe favors from nature. Nature is perfectly appropriate for people’s need which is not a distractive element to them. Walt urges people to avoid being distracted and confused with societal events; instead, they should build understanding of the holistic natural beauty.
Virginia perceives that individual approach is the only way people can hold on what nature has provided them with. She opines that personal reflection is an approach that enables human being to understand what nature holds. Society’s activities are distractive and can ruin the holistic nature of human being.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Social Influences in Ancient Literature by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More People and nature thus must build a reciprocal relation since nature is the only thing that people can depend on. It is a divine aid that nourishes human being. Nature is spiritual and universal thing that people must appreciate, it is also considered divine so human beings must be dedicated to serve it.
In unison, the authors opine that when reflection act occurs in the mind, a person realizes that he/she has gained a splendor and beautiful experience. This is where everything, not only familiar and outdated events but also horrible and tragic deeds, seems appealing when they appear in the mind due to reflection.
Human soul acquires great experience in such a case. Human intellection is healthier when people lead the “life of nature” and are not troubled with societal challenges which in the real sense do not exist. Moreover, when people persistently build original intention, without conforming to recognized culture, they will never be confused in speculation. Instead, their intellection may achieve reality that other individuals will learn from them.
Conclusion Conclusively, literary works are normally composed in an indirect and tricky manner in order for readers to think deeply for implied meanings. These stories share the same connection in understanding the position of the society as dynamics of existence shift from a friendly parameter to harsh reality. The authors share expression tools, such as metaphors, irony, similes, and traditional language, to summarize the imbalances in the societies.
How do factory emissions lead to creation of acid rain Essay college essay help
The selected references used in this paper are from prominent authors with articulate command of the environmental matters. These references are the backbone of this essay, and they evidently demonstrate: the facts about rain acid, its genesis,its process of formation and its constituent elements, the foremost contributors to the acid rain and their severity.
The authors used in this paper are of great academic background and they have mastery of the subject they have covered. For instance, Hewitt is a professor of atmospheric chemistry at Lancaster University UK, and his concentration is on relationship between Biosphare and the Atmosphere.
Other authors have excelled in their fields of specialization and their information is dependable. For example, Hill is a adjunct professor and author of “Understanding Environment Pollution”. She developed many environmental courses in the university of Main when she worked there.
This paper’s emphasis is on factory emissions, and especially the three chief elements (coal, petroleum, and natural gas) that contribute to the formation of the acid rain. In addition, it seeks to demonstrate how acid rain is formed from the raw materials. This forms the area of interest in this paper, and all the ideas in it revolves around this.
Acid rain is a phenomenon that was first noted with the beginning of the industrial revolution. Petheram claims that “acid rain began with the industrial revolution in Europe about 1750, when steam power began to be used to drive machinery” (2002, p. 10). “Normal” rain contains some percentage of carbonic acid though it is not in great amount.
Rain is defined as acid rain if it contains large amounts of acid that is considerably higher than that of the normal rain. According to Hewitt and Jackson, “rain water of pH 5.6 is considered to be “pure”, whereas acid rain is defined as having a pH below 5.6” (2009, p. 139).
Since the industrial revolution to the present-day, more sophisticated machines have been invented and they are used in the factories. These machines require large amount of energy to run. In order to provide sufficient energy, fossil fuels are burnt. As a result, harmful gases are released into the atmosphere. Some of the gases produced during this chemical reaction are nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitric dioxide, and sulphur dioxide.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sulphur dioxide and Nitric dioxide come into react with clouds and oxygen in the presence of sunlight to form acid rain. Tagare (2011) affirms this by arguing that “the major objectionable gases SO2 and NOX, when absorbed by atmospheric water (cloud) form acids and produce “acid rain,” that is rain with small percentages of the objectionable acids”.
Technology has so much advanced that most of human activities would be impossible or very sluggish without it. To run and maintain these machines, electric power is required otherwise almost every human activity will be affected immensely. However, the generation of electric power has massive effects on the air which leads to the formation of the acid rain. In order to generate enough electric power, factories use different elements such as petroleum, coal, and natural gas (Sajawan, Alva, and Keefer 1999, p. 100).
Coal is one of the chief sources of power generation in the world. The hit revealed during the coal burning is higher compared to other fossil fuels. Basically, coal is ubiquitously found in most countries in the world. The more factories are being established the more coal is required to suffice power needs.
Those factories that deal with the production of metals require a lot of energy which means that more coal is needed. When coal is burned various gases are emitted and some of these gases are the basis of acid rain today. Jones and Ujadó (2006) assert that “the acid rain that has received the most attention is caused mainly by pollutants from big coal burning power plants”.
Petroleum is the second precursor of acid rain after coal. Factories burn petroleum to produce sufficient power required to run the machineries used for production of different merchandise. During the process of burning, petroleum emits the same pollutant gases that are found in coal combustion although they are lesser in quantity (Hill 1997, p. 270).
Emissions from the natural gas used in the factories for power generation are lower compared to other fossil fuels, and it is more beneficial for the environment, but it cannot be ruled out as a safe element as well (Hill 1997, p. 270).
When natural gas burns, sulphur compounds are released into the atmosphere which mixes with nitric dioxide, clouds and oxygen which come into reaction under the influence of the high temperature from the sunlight to produce acid rain. Because of its less emissions and environmental friendliness, natural gas is often more preferable than other foremost sources of power generation, thought investigation is still foregoing for better elements.
We will write a custom Essay on How do factory emissions lead to creation of acid rain specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, there is need to carry more investigation on the dangers of the acid rain. Acid rain poses varied hazards to the environment and all creatures are in danger. Therefore, extensive investigation has to be carried in order to curb the acid rain’s impact on the environment.
Reference List Hill, M. K. 1997, Understanding environment pollution, Press syndicate of the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Hewitt, N. C.
Money and Commodity Circulatory Processes Essay essay help free: essay help free
Money and Commodity Circulatory Processes Common characteristics and differences in C-M-C and M-C-M
Marx realized that problems existed amid commodities circulation. He then approached this dilemma by classifying the two ways that commodities could possibly circulate namely C-M-C and M-C-M. The difference and similarities between money that is just money and capitalized money appear only in the mode of circulation.
The circuit M-C-M is when money is circulated as capital and is also referred to as the capitalists’ circulation. In this circuit, M is money meant to purchase the commodity that is traded again for M (money). On the contrary, the monetary flow also known as the simple commodities circulation can be illustrated via the C-M-C circuit.
In this circuit, commodities are traded to get money. This money is then used to purchase different commodities. In capitalists circulation, M-C-M, individuals buy commodities with the intention of selling them. The main aim in the simple circulation is to attain the utility values. However, the capitalists’ circulation is categorically aimed at obtaining the exchange values that must be higher than the originally presented money (M).
The simplest commodities circulation form C-M-C entails purchasing commodities only after some commodities have been sold. The product is altered into cash, and this cash is once more changed back to a product.
Conversely, M-C-M circulation occurs when sales take place because of the purchases made. That cash is altered into product which is afterward changed back into cash. In the last circulatory process, the transformed money materializes as the potential capital. A close examination of the M-C-M circuit shows that it is made of two adversative phases.
Phase one comprises of the purchase or the M-C where money becomes transformed into commodities. The second phase entails the sale or C-M. It includes transforming the commodities back into monetary form. When these two phases are combined, they make a solitary flow where money becomes traded for commodities and similar commodities are traded for money. In this circulation, the process M-M that involves exchanging money usually varnishes in the end.
Both these circulations are composed of two similar segments namely the purchases phase (M-C) and the sales phase (C-M). In fact, a retailer, a purchaser, money and commodities that have similar economic characteristics are bound to face each other. The two similar opposing phases are unified by each circuit. In all cases, the unison comes as a result of the involvement of three contracting parties. One of the parties must be a buyer while the other party has to be a seller, and the third party should both be a seller and a buyer.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The M-C-M is distinguished from C-M-C by the inverted progression arrangement between the two segments. For instance, in the monetary circulation (M-C-M), the circuit ends with sales and commences with purchases. In the simple commodities circuit (C-M-C), the process ends with purchases and instigates with sales.
Furthermore, in C-M-C circuit, the circulation process goals and commencement points are made of commodities while in M-C-M, the goals and starting points are comprised of money. In the second circulation process (M-C-M), the commodity intervention brings about the movement whereas in the first circuit (C-M-C) the intervening movement comes because of the commodities.
What Marx meant Money and commodity circulatory processes: M-C-M
To both Marx and society, the essential category in any societal affiliation is the generated profit or the derived value from trade. In fact, Marx was intrigued by the proceeds and value reality. The main aim in the circulation processes was to derive value from the possessed resources namely the commodities and money.
In the M-C-M circuit, money hardly serves its use value. This is because when it is finally converted, it does not become a commodity. In reality, buyers act as sellers by laying out their money with the intention of recovering that capital. However, the aim is to get greater value attached to it.
The buyers purchased the commodities by investing throwing their money into the exchange process. This enabled them to extract it later through selling similar commodities. They let their money go into the circulation process although with justified sly intent to have it back. This money is neither spent nor totally converted into commodities, but it is its value that is augmented.
In conclusion, labor products in the circulatory process which, in this case are the commodities become values. The commodities are produced in the capital relations framework where money becomes the initial form. Besides, money in the M-C-M circuit has value that essentially makes itself apparent in monetary form. Thus, money acts as the equivalence of value by manifesting itself in the excellent capital form, and could be termed as capital.
However, commodities can only be bought using money, but money used to purchase commodities is expected to generate greater returns in the future. Hence, commodities represent capital in the same way money represents capital. Whichever way, money is transformed into commodities or changes its appearance.
We will write a custom Essay on Money and Commodity Circulatory Processes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The intent is to increase its final value and this also increases capital. Money is hardly lost in the circulation process as it self-expands its value by sequentially assuming different forms. It just becomes an active character which, Marx called capital.
Project: Warfare in the High Skies Term Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
The rivalry between Etihad Airways and Emirates Airlines is the subject of many debates. This is because of the cutthroat competition between the two companies. This competition exists despite significant differences in the business strategies of the two companies. This project seeks to investigate the nature and impact of this rivalry. The research question guiding the project is, “What are the marketing strategies of Etihad Airways and Emirates Airlines and how do these strategies influence the rivalry between them?”
The major components of this question are the need to decipher the market entry models used by both airlines, an interrogation of the elements that define the rivalry between the two airlines, and a peek into the future of the two airlines based on their current marketing models. These issues define the broad objectives that underpin the research project. In particular, the objectives of this project as stated in the project proposal are as follows.
To investigate the market entry models of Etihad Airways and the Emirates Airlines.
To investigate the defining elements and the implications of the rivalry between the Etihad Airways and the Emirates Airlines
To determine the long term prospects of the two airlines in relation to their existing marketing strategies in the context of their rivalry
Literature Review A look into the definition of the term “marketing strategy” reveals several things. First, a marketing strategy is about marketing (Sahaf, 2008). A marketing strategy is specific to the marketing elements of a business concern. Secondly, a marketing strategy is about strategy (Sahaf, 2008). It is a long term and wholesome look at the way an organization organizes all the elements that constitute its marketing activities (Shaw, 2004).
Thirdly, marketing strategy is about the optimization of resources (Sahaf, 2008). Every business has several options relating to how it can deploy its resources. Each of these configurations seeks to optimize the returns that the business can attain from its marketing resources (Mongay, 2011). Fourth, marketing strategy is about profit (Sahaf, 2008). Every organization needs to generate surplus for it to remain competitive. Marketing is what assures the company of a sustainable revenue stream.
Porter (1980) developed a model that helps an organization to evaluate its competitive position. This model is useful for companies planning to enter a new market, or to expand its market share. The model is also valuable for companies whose market share is dwindling.
The five forces analysis looks at the threat posed by the arrival of new competitors, the threat posed by the arrival and availability of products that can substitute a company’s product, and the bargaining power of customers (Porter, 1980). The model also proposes that an ideal analysis of the competitive environment should consider the power of suppliers, and the pressure from rivals in the market (Porter, 1980).
Montgomery and Porter (1991) identified three forms of generic strategies that should guide the development of market strategies. First, a company can choose to pursue cost leadership as a marketing strategy (Montgomery
Written Analysis of Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects Report (Assessment) essay help
Chapter three of the book Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects was written by Kathy Fallon Lambert, Charles T. Driscoll, and Limin Chen (2007) and it is titled “Acidic Deposition: Sources and Ecological Effects”. This chapter together with the article “Acid rain and its ecological consequences” written by Madhoolika Agrawal and Anita Singh and which appeared in the 29th volume of the Journal of Environmental Biology describe the formation of acid rain and its consequences on the environment. These two sources of literature are very relevant to my research question: How does acid rain affect soil PH?
The three authors of chapter 3 in the book described above are professionals with impeccable records in Environmental Engineering. Kathy Fallon Lambert has done a lot of work relating to ecosystem science, both as the founder of Ecologic: Analysis
Groupthink and Social Psychology Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
People working in groups often meet to make decisions and/or solve their problems. However, they sometimes become reluctant to share their opinions because of the fear they may appear unsupportive. This usually happens because group members wish to keep up their group cohesiveness, which eventually deteriorates their judgments leading to poor decisions. This phenomenon is referred to as groupthink (Ahlfinger
Business issues and the context of human resource Essay argumentative essay help
Human resource strategy is shaped by globalization. In the modern world, not only human resource management is important to ensure a sustainable competition of organization in the market. It calls for a labor market force with a global outlook which entails finding the right people at the right time and giving each person the correct job. Globalization ensures that human resources shift from local management to an international management establishing a global HR platform.
Technological innovations also play a pivot role in influencing HR strategies. Adoption of technology by use of internet and social networks determines how competitive an organization is in the market. It calls for HR information systems to ensure that job seekers and customers have access to an organization’s profile through the Internet.
Management of talent is crucial in addressing the challenges of recruitment and retaining highly capable employees by branding and setting transparent standards which boost morale and awareness improving employee performance.
As such, a HR system should focus on understanding the talents of its work force to ensure competence and quality service. Demographic management in HR also plays a major role in the assessment of the type of employees based on their age, gender and skills. These criteria should be identified to attract a competitive top management team.
HR plays a major role in managing the work force to ensure it is productive and efficient as much as possible by utilizing the available resources, compliance to the law and ensuring that business goals are achieved. It focuses on recruitment reward and disciplinary aspect of its employees.
Many organizations adopt different HR strategies in order to meet their HR goals. One such strategy is the use of SWOT analysis method. This strategy examines the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities to be met by an organization with view of establishing central factors, either internal or external, that are vital in the evaluation of the objectives of organization.
The outcome of a PESTLE analysis makes it possible for an organization to adequately prepare for the emergencies incidental to its operations. This strategy groups key pieces of information according to external factors which include opportunities and strengths presented by the external environment. It then categorizes internal factors to include strengths and weaknesses that are internal to the organization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The other strategic planning tool in HR is the PESTLE Analysis. It looks at the external business environment that includes political, economical, socio-cultural, technological, legal and environmental aspects. It examines the impact of each factor on the business.
An organization, having used the PESTLE and the SWOT analysis methods, can assess the effectiveness of its strategies by looking into such factors as missed targets, the levels of unmitigated risks, the turnover of leaders and the high potential staff, the level of ROI on the key strategic projects and investments, the levels of customer, employee, suppliers and partners’ satisfaction.
There are various ways in which a company can measure the effectiveness of its strategies. There are equally many ways in which such effectiveness can be communicated by the company. It can hold individual employees accountable for their individual performances. The company can also challenge and facilitate all its workers to perform to the next level in the organization’s management hierarchy. This ensures that well performing employees are rewarded, thus encouraged to improve their output.
Evaluation of Engineering Dilemma Essay custom essay help
Ethical dilemma is a situation where a person is challenged by two opposing decisions. One of them may be right in two different circumstances. The ability to know what is right and what is wrong is often in conflict with the objective of ethical conduct. Ethical dilemma comes in various forms in our everyday activities. An environmental engineer who has a code of conduct in his/her career and the ethical dilemma in his/her line of work can alter either his/her moral principles or ethical conduct.
For example, an environmental engineer who has the mandate to publish a report on the possible health risks associated with citing an oil refinery in a community will be at dilemma with his/her ethics and moral values. The ethical code for the environmentalist is to make sure that the welfare of the environment is safe. In addition, if he/she foresees any obstacle to that rule, he/she is to alert the public and the government.
There will be a clash of interest for the engineer who has an initial goal of providing a report that will suit his/her employer. On getting to the community, the engineer who carries out series of tests and surveys may notice that the soil has potential hazards for the host community; then the question is if the project should continue. Such a situation is seen as an ethical dilemma for the engineer.
If he/she chooses to act right, he/she will violate the objective for which he/she was hired by his/her employer. The risk of being laid off or replaced with a competent environmentalist is obvious. Should the one be laid off, that person will have no derived gain because of his/her good decisions.
In the above example, the engineer will definitely go ahead in publishing his/her report, either for or against his/her moral principle. Ethics is challenged with moral principle. An employer may even use financial gains to satisfy the employer’s interest in the report. Such a report may not include a full evaluation of the situation as it violates his/her ethical code of conduct.
In taking such a decision, a person will have to consult with various agents and minds, and take his/her decision based on some conditions prevailing at that time. If there are incentives specified for such a position, it will be easier for the engineer to take a bold stand. However, in cases where there are no such arrangements, the engineer will go against his/her ethical code.
Remember that whichever decision the engineer makes, it can be right and significant in his/her final report. In completing the assignment, an in-depth assessment of the location may be covered so as not to reveal the extent of damage. This situation is termed ethical dilemma. Sometimes, it means choosing between two rights, or even two wrongs. The engineer finally finishes his/her report with possible omissions of real facts, or the careful use of words that will not create tension to the already volatile situation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More “I will ensure that my customer’s satisfaction comes first in my business”
This is a statement of ethical conduct related to how an individual will carry out his/her business deals. By putting the customer’s satisfaction first, the seller will ensure that his/her goods and services meet their standard and satisfaction. However, an ethical dilemma may arise in the business clashing with personal interest. If the commodities purchased do not actually fit in the business, meet the existing standards or fall short of the desired quality.
The individual is in clash with his/her ethics and moral obligation. However, the seller will not throw away bad goods but rather work hard to sell them. This situation becomes challenging as he/she tries to sell the products and at the same time fight against his/her conscience. The person knows that the products are not genuine and of inferior quality but still continue to sell them, while providing false justifications of its authenticity.
For any given market, the key to continuous stay in sales is profit. This can justify one’s actions as it relates to the ethical dilemma the one faces in business. The ability to make profit means that the person either buys using cheaper sources or sells at a high price. It can also be a combination of the two, which is buying it cheap and selling it high. Thus, the seller does not consider if the qualities of the commodities are sub-standard. What he/she looks at is the availability of the products and continuous presence in business.
Nevertheless, this is an ethical dilemma because it is not in line with ethical codes of conduct. The individual will have to purely accept to do business with his/her customers without moral principle in such a case. The essence of the ethical code is defeated. Therefore, the one has to lie about the standard of his/her commodities in order to remain in business. Ethical dilemma is said to be a conflict within our actions.
The U.S and Japanese Ideas of Policing Research Paper college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Police officers share a set of attitudes, norms and values that are very essential in their extremely tough working environment. It is these set of values and attitudes that constitute what is referred to as the policing culture. The police culture has been dynamic in recent times due to philosophical and organizational changes that have completely eroded the conventional meaning of police culture.
The policing culture is very difficult to understand because personal characteristics of officers are completely different from their occupational characteristics. Conventional wisdom portrays a completely different notion about the outlook of police officers. The policing culture varies from one country to another because each country has its unique structures and code of conduct of the police. This paper will examine the similarities and differences between the policing culture in the U.S and Japan.
The policing culture is very broad and it consists of both the organizational and the occupational culture. The modern policing culture in the U.S and Japan has been inherited in order to maintain historical legacies (Dammer, 2010).
Routines like parades and saluting are part of the policing culture that has been around for a very long time. Police officers in the U.S and Japan are expected to be physically and mentally strong at all times. This policing norm makes the officers to be reliable and always ready for action when called upon (Gains, 2011).
The American and Japanese police officers have a similar mentality when it comes to masculinity. Feminine traits such as gentleness and sensitivity are not part of the policing culture. Police officers encounter criminals in the course of their duty, and they are therefore expected to be very vigilant (Gains, 2011). The masculine culture is slowly fading due to the inclusion of women in both the American and Japanese police forces.
Group solidarity is another policing culture common in the U.S and Japan police forces. The police have a tendency of isolating themselves from the general public. Police solidarity motivates the officers while at the time increases efficiency in their line of duty.
The culture of solidarity comes naturally within the police force because the officers share similar fates, challenges and histories (Gains, 2011). The culture of group solidarity is sometimes abused by officers because they use it to cover for fellow officers in case of misconduct (Dammer, 2010). The solidarity culture is very common in almost all police forces across the world including Japan and America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Japan is a politically stable country with the majority of its departments being corrupt free. The police force in Japan is forbidden from corruption and involvement in local politics (Dammer, 2010). It is this sense of integrity that has led to a more efficient police force without having regular police rotation.
A good number of departments in the U.S are corrupt and therefore rotation is meant to restrain the police force from being involved in corruption and local politics. Uniforms are part of the police culture that is meant to give them identity and legality when dealing with citizens. The culture of uniforms is very common in both the U.S and the Japanese policing culture (Das, 2003).
The number of policemen in Japan is small compared to the number of police officers in the U.S. Despite their small number, the Japanese police force is more effective and efficient because the Japanese police have a culture of maintaining a close relationship with the citizens (Das, 2003). Apart from law enforcement and crime prevention, the Japanese police are also involved in resolving domestic disputes.
The U.S police are only involved in law enforcement and crime prevention. It is this culture of maintaining a close relationship with the public that has considerably reduced the Japanese government’s spending on correction facilities, courts and police (Dammer, 2010). The situation is completely different in the U.S because the U.S Government spends a lot of money on security including massive recruitment of the police every year (Das, 2003).
The policing ideas in Japan are very different from the ones used in the U.S because Japan has a homogenous culture that promotes peaceful co-existence. The homogenous culture in Japan gives their police force an easy time in doing their job because the police do not have to deal with racial and cultural conflicts (Dammer, 2010). The Japanese police encounter very few hate and racial violence crimes compared to their U.S counterparts.
The fact that the Japanese police force comes from one race makes it easy for the officers to work together because their cultural and occupational norms are very similar (Dammer, 2010). The American police force consists of officers from different races and this may lead to ideological differences within the police force. Maintaining law and order in a multi-racial community is a difficult call for the police officers because they have to come up with special tactics for each culture.
The Japanese society is associated with politeness and this is also replicated in their police force. The situation is very different in America where the police are known to be aggressive with politeness and gentleness not being part of their vocabulary (Dammer, 2010). The aggressive nature of the U.S police force is attributed the type of environment that they operate in.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The U.S and Japanese Ideas of Policing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Crime is very prevalent in the U.S compared to Japan, and this makes police officers to use some excessive force when bringing some situations under control. The structured nature of the Japanese society enables police officers to develop a good relationship with the public. The Japanese culture lays much emphasis on groups where every person belonging to a particular group is expected to guard the interests of the group (Dammer, 2010).
The actions of every group member are supposed to affect the group in a positive way. The group philosophy is strictly followed in Japan right from the family level to places of work. The Japanese police officers are able to solve many problems because of the positive group influence (Dammer, 2010). The U.S police force lacks this form of positive peer pressure that is advantageous to the Japanese police force. According to the Japanese culture, peer pressure that leads people to doing good things is what brings development to the community.
There are quite a number of factors that make policing ideas and culture in Japan to be different from those in the U.S. To begin with, Japan has strong gun control laws compared to the U.S (Gains, 2011). The size of American population is almost twice the population of Japan.
Enforcing law and preventing crime in a very populous country like the U.S needs special police tactics and ideas. Some of the most prevalent crimes in the U.S compared to Japan include drugs and firearm crimes. Bravery and secrecy are essential elements of the police culture.
Brotherhood and solidarity build the working personality of the police force in Japan and America (Gains, 2011). Authoritarianism is embedded in the culture of the U.S police force. There are situations where the police feel overwhelmed because they are expected to play many roles with some of the roles being beyond their knowledge. The value system of police officers depends on the kind of training that the officers receive.
The training of police officers in the U.S puts much emphasis on crime prevention than maintaining a good relationship with the public. It is a great challenge to harmonize the police culture in the U.S because of the sociological and anthropological differences within the police force (Gains, 2011).
In conclusion, the policing culture in Japan and America has a fair share of similarities and differences. The homogenous nature of the Japanese culture is what makes policing in Japan to be much easy compared to the U.S. Solidarity and brotherhood are some of the universal elements of the police culture in many police forces across the world.
The police are always associated with aggressiveness and brutality especial during violent situations. The Japanese police force has a different approach to policing that involves building good relationships with the public.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The U.S and Japanese Ideas of Policing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The aggressive nature of the American police force has been influenced to a large extent by the high number of crimes that take place in the U.S. The American police are completely isolated from the public as a way of maintaining their secrecy. Social, cultural and racial orientation of country has a great influence on the country’s policing culture. Japan has the most effective policing system compared to the U.S because of its homogenous cultural orientation.
References Dammer, H., (2010). Comparative criminal justice systems. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Das, D., (2003). Police mission: Challenges and responses. New York, NY: Scarecrow Press.
Gains, L., (2011). Policing in America. New York, NY: Elsevier.
Empowerment of print Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Empowerment of Print
Introduction A deeper understanding of written and print media of communication can help understand its impact on the modern world. For instance, the growth of the human species does not develop naturally. It is achieved through the technology of writing that this transformation is attained. This paper looks into the aspect of empowerment of print.
Empowerment of Print Over the years, writing or public media have been highly regarded because they have helped to transform human consciousness. Writing has reconstituted originally spoken language to a visual space. This has formulated a platform where culture can be passed on to other generations. However, this is under scrutiny. It is evident that, over the years, print has liberated, educated, and exposed information to the masses leading to empowerment (DeGregori, 22).
The line between literacy and print is very thin. For instance, comparing the information, fiction, science, or any other aspect that is contained in a book cannot be equated to mere utterance. Thus, it is very evident that print media have had multiple effects on the modern society. This applies to institutions, churches, economy, and even the government. For instance, modern day print media has led to a revolution from oral-based education to the modern platform, which is adhered to by many people.
The modern education system has facilitated the use of charts and other logical diagrams when formulating analysis. Print has also enhanced the management of knowledge. For instance, the use of dictionaries help in providing correct language. With regards to economic development, print has facilitated ownership of words. Unlike the primary culture that would encourage the sharing of themes and ideas, the modern print culture has encouraged the use of proprietary rights (Briggs
Do Women Have More to Gain or More to Lose from Migration than Men do? Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
People have different reasons for migrating to other places. During this process, they experience diverse challenges and impacts upon settling in foreign countries. Women, in this case, have some reasons for their migrations. At first, women face diverse challenges in securing visas in order to move to their countries of choice.
In comparison, the females undergo several problems than the benefits while in the foreign land. From this point of view, women have more things to lose as an alien than men do. Notably, if a female wants to migrate, she experiences more difficulties in securing travelling documents like clearance forms at the immigration department and obtaining a visa than the male counterpart does.
For example, some countries have extremely strict policies on women migration to foreign nations than men. Evidently, these scenarios affect the women psychologically, as these are gender-based forms of discrimination that needs to be addressed worldwide. These inequality acts can cause low self-esteem in women; thereby, lowering their work productivity.
When these migration rules seem tough for women, they ensure that they reach their destinations by opting for other illegal means. An example of these options is human smuggling. At the same time, smugglers exploit these women sexually and criminally.
At present, most of these women have contracted HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. These acts do not only cut short their dreams but also shorten their life span. This vulnerability makes women lose more than men do. In line with this, women secure low paying jobs such as caregivers, sex workers, domestic house workers, and mail-order brides.
Although they receive cash in return for their services, their economic status remains incomparable to the native women in the foreign country. Moreover, they are exposed to harsh working conditions; for example, no job breaks, no rewards for overtime work, and even verbal abuses. From the onset, these jobs are exploitative and are always meant for those people who are at the lower end of the socio-economic status.
Sadly, the change in earning level sways most women, especially mail-order brides, into abusive marriages. As a result, the women lose their dignity, self-esteem, and worth. These women can also incur physical injuries, hence leaving a stressful life. This is contrary to men, who do skilled jobs and are accorded automatic job protection cum benefits.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, most women migrate in order to unite with their families. From the economic point of view, these women do not add substantial values to their husbands’ incomes. Apart from the family unification, these women mostly deals with household chores and to some extent, settle for low paying jobs since they have no skills.
From another point of view, if a woman migrates to seek employment in the diaspora, the husband leaves all the family responsibilities to her. Culturally, most men do not feel comfortable if their wives earn more money than they do. For that reason, men will tend to forgo other responsibilities so that the wives’ earnings are used up. Such women will feel more burden than when they had not secured a job.
Alternatively, if women go to foreign countries and leave the entire family behind, naturally, they socially suffer the disconnection from the families than men do. This lose of touch make the females feel some guilt, as they miss the physical presence of their families, especially the children. Most men also do not care about the well-being of the children and even the household chores, as they associate these responsibilities with females.
Therefore, migration among women is more of a double responsibility. This divided attention can lower their work output at the workplaces thus leading to layoffs. Further, such women can develop health complications due to stressful lives. Thus, in migrations women have more to lose than gain as compared to men.
Women: Their Careers and Family Lives Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Introduction At present, many researchers still focus on inequality between females and males in their career lives. However, job opportunities for genders are largely equal now and it is possible to state that the choice of the path depends on the person. Thus, lots of women focus on their career and find their life satisfying.
Other females are more concerned with their family lives and do not strive for higher positions within companies. It is also possible to trace development of new attitudes towards roles within the family. Thus, several decades ago women were supposed to spend more time with their families doing housework and looking after children. At the same time, men were supposed to work and they hardly helped their wives about the house.
Now men are more helpful and it is a normal practice when a man does certain housework. These trends are apparent when talking to women of different ages. Importantly, it is clear that now roles acquired by women largely depend on their own choice, their personality and their occupational success rather than on societal conventions and prejudice.
Comparison of the Two Women The present paper is based on the data obtained during two interviews with two women. One of these women is Janice, 69, who works half-time in a dry clean shop. The other woman is Ann, 36, who is a manager of an apartment. Both women are married. Janice has two children and she also has five grandchildren.
Ann does not have children but she has “fur-babies”, three dogs. Both women changed jobs, but they had different reasons to do that. Notably, the women think that their careers did not intrude in their family life and vice versa. It is also important to add that both women have good relationships with their husbands and they have not had serious quarrels because of their careers.
However, there are quite many differences between the women and their paths, especially when it comes to their careers. The major difference is concerned with their priorities. Thus, Janice is focused on her family while Ann is concentrated on her career more.
Janice decided to work-part time to spend more time with her children and she also spent several years at home while her second child was little. However, Ann does not have children and she does not plan to have children in the nearest future. She has not changed jobs to spend more time at home but she was looking for better opportunities for her career development. Ann strives for promotion and success in her career life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The women’s relationships with their husbands also differ. Thus, Janice has a typical for the twentieth century attitude towards marriage and gender roles within the family. In other words, she does all the housework and she used to take care of their children. Janice does not see anything wrong about this type of roles.
On the contrary, Ann does not do all the housework. Her husband does the cooking and she does the washing-up. Ann admits that her husband helps her about the house whenever he has time. She also adds that there are no specific roles in their family.
Key Factor That Contributed to the Women’s Choice Priorities
It is necessary to note that several decades ago women did face many constraints as there were specific gender roles, but in the twenty-first century women have more opportunities and their careers depend on their personalities and their desires (Hakim 290). What is more, now women tend to strive for their career development more.
For instance, Hakim argues that nowadays “the differences between men and women’s career goals are smaller than sometimes thought” (279). Many women are not concerned with creating families and try to succeed in their career lives.
Notably, there is such term as “glass ceiling” that refers to the opinion that women are less committed to succeed in their jobs, and, therefore, less “promotable” (qtd. in Correll et al. 1334). Researchers admit that in many cases women have to face issues associated with the glass ceiling effect (Forret
Differences and Similarities between Refugees and Economic Immigrants Essay college application essay help
Communities commonly immigrate to foreign countries only when they think that it is extremely necessary. Refugees and economic immigrants relocate from their home countries to foreign countries for different reasons. However, the groups of immigrants also frequently experience various challenges in the host countries. Apart from different challenges that face individual immigrants, there are similar experiences, such as assimilation, ethic pluralism, among others that different immigrant communities encounter.
Refugees are immigrants who flee from their home countries due to political or ethnic persecutions. On the other hand, economic immigrants flee from their home countries for economic reasons. Host governments do recognize them. However, this is not usually the case with refugees. Asylum seekers often arrive to the host countries illegally.
Refugees encounter several severe issues. These issues include living in temporary and sub-standard camps, difficulty in returning home voluntarily, unlike economic immigrants, and making dangerous trips. Another distracting experience in the lives of refugees is frequent denial of asylum status due to lack of relevant documents. In addition, sometimes, lack of documents make refugees wait for many years before getting asylum.
The delays usually force them to return to their dangerous countries, seek asylum in other countries, or stay illegally in the host countries. As opposed to refugees, economic immigrants do not experience these challenges, because they usually plan their immigration before departing for their destinations.
Economic immigrants are people from all over the world. Refugees, on the other hand, commonly originate from politically unstable countries. The refugee migration phenomenon does not touch upon solely poor people. The representatives of wealthy political elites often become political refugees when there is change in their countries’ political leadership that is not favorable for them and can be a threat to their lives.
Nations have developed mechanisms to help internally displaced persons (IDPs) and cross border refugees. Rich and powerful countries frequently intervene during refugee crises. The international community helped refugees in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, in Rwanda in the late 1990s, and in Darfur, Sudan, a few years ago. The UN requires signatory nations to defend the basic human rights of refugees. They prohibit compelling refugees to return to their home countries when their lives and freedoms are still in danger.
Additionally, the UN recognizes the universal right of refugees to claim asylum and endeavors to communicate the same to their member countries. The UN also allows refugees to migrate to First World countries and settle there.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The First World countries, including the US and Europe, have policies that govern the admission of refugees from affected regions of the world and help settle them in their countries. In 2004, over 84, 000 refugees were settled in the United States, Australia, Canada, and European countries. Economic immigrants do not have access to such high-level local and international organizations, because economic immigrants usually live almost normal lives in foreign countries, as they would if back home.
The number of economic immigrants has increased in the last decade. On the other hand, the number of refugees has dropped drastically. The number of refugees declined between 1993 and 2004 by 37%. This is partially due to the fact that conflicts have been decreasing significantly during the past decade. It is also because the number of asylum seekers has reduced considerably, as some governments are less willing to grant asylum to refugees. The rate of economic immigration is increasing steady due to opportunities that globalization offers.
Notably, both refugees and economic immigrants experience a number of issues in common. The issues that affect both of them relate to their adaptation to the way of life of their host countries. These issues are identity assimilation, ethnic pluralism, transnationalism, and citizenship challenges. Identity assimilation is a stage of conformity into the culture and beliefs of the receiving countries. Researchers say that first and second generations of immigrants cannot attain identity assimilation.
However, economic immigrants assimilate faster than refugees do because they freely interact with their host communities. Economic immigrants face more challenges of ethnic pluralism than refugees do. This commonly happens when economic immigrants maintain their home cultures yet work hard to remain socially relevant to their new countries. For refugees, they lead their ethnic lifestyles without pressures to conform. Normally, refugees with similar ethical or political backgrounds dwell in the same camps.
However, refugees do not face issues related to transnationalism, because they do not traverse international borders and do not have positive relationships with their home countries.
The other problem that refugees face is that they are not easily identifiable. Therefore, they experience difficulties with obtaining citizenship in their host nations. Economic refugees, on the other hand, have their relatives and friends back at home, and they are free to travel back home and interact with them. They can also apply for citizenships anywhere and obtain it easier since they are easy to identify.
Economic immigrants enjoy their rights to movement and association. They easily adopt cultures of their host nations. However, they also meet challenges before adapting to the new lifestyles. Refugees can lead better lives if they acquire asylum or citizenship status.
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Do Women Have More to Gain or Lose from Migration than Men do? Essay essay help: essay help
Globally, men and women are involved in the tussle of moving from one point to another to seek for well-paying jobs. All these processes involve challenges that the migrants must face. When these genders migrate to foreign countries, men get jobs in high commercial companies, educational institutions, and hospitals. On the other hand, women are absorbed in jobs like mail-order brides, household workers, caregivers, and sex workers.
Obviously, the payment rates for these two categories of jobs are incomparable. In analyzing the employment fields that the two genders work after migrating to the foreign countries, it is evident that the men gain more than women do. Unfortunately, the society has grouped jobs in terms of masculine and feminine.
Interestingly, these jobs are well paying as compared to the previous jobs that the women immigrants were doing in their native countries. Despite the fact that the feminine jobs are easy to find, they do not only have low pay packages but also have unfavorable working conditions. On the working conditions, the employees are not offered off duty programs, monetary motivation during overtimes, are physically abused, and have no access to labor unions.
For instance, house workers are prone to frequent abuses such as exploitation, forceful sexual advancements, unpaid wages, or salaries, and physical injuries. Conversely, the males enjoy varied services like job insurance, annual salary increments, hardship allowances, active labor unions, and job securities. From this point of view, the gains that women receive verses the loses they incur, reveal that women have more to lose from migration than their men colleagues do.
In connection with the above point, traffickers do illegally take women out of their native countries with an intention of sexually abusing them. The persistent urge for sexual advancements among men makes sex workers remain in high demand. In this 21st century, there is the HIV/AIDS that is mostly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse. This molesting behavior is not affecting the men immigrants.
The repercussions of sexually transmitted infections are worse. Therefore, the women develop stress-related disorders like stigma, depression, and withdrawal. In addition, these traffickers can use the women in drug peddling, as they believe that such jobs are non-feminine, so the illegal trade would go on unnoticed. The infected women may lead a reckless life and can even spread the virus. In migration, women are the principal losers than the men.
Moreover, in a continent like Asia, governments have formulated tough emigration policies for the women folk. In contrary, men can acquire their travelling documents at ease. In addition, most governments are releasing more visas to occupations that are masculine.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Worse still, these same governments prohibit immigrations based on family reunions. Evidently, these laws are discriminatory to the women folk; they need to be amended to inculcate the interests of all genders. The period when men viewed females as sub-genders, who cannot match the male counterparts should be long gone.
When these happen, women are the ones left to take care of the children. Since men prefer to have fewer responsibilities, they can even decide not to send money back home. The mothers, being emotionally attached to their children, will never leave the kids. They will be the families’ sole providers. It beats logic that men can also decide not to come back to their native countries.
This situation makes women miss the emotional companionship. Remarkably, these women will struggle physically and mentally to ensure that they put food on the table. Again, they will undergo emotional struggles in order to maintain their marriages and families. From this viewpoint, obviously, women have less to gain from the overseas migration phenomenon.
Women who secure jobs in the foreign countries realize upward movements in the socio-economic status. However, this is incomparable to men’s changes of status. It is worth to acknowledge the economic strength women acquire after migration.
Once again, the women’s economic strengths cannot be compared to that of men. Unfortunately, such women may pose ‘financial threats’ to their husbands. Certainly, men always feel insecure if their wives are earning more than what they earn or if they are jobless, but the wives are employed. Such groups of men can withdraw from household responsibilities like paying utility bills.
The women are left to multitask in order to support the family and even secure or protect their jobs. This scenario traumatizes women. For example, they can come late from work and at the same time, they need to prepare some household routines. These cases are prevalent among families, in developing countries, which move to developed nations like U.S. to seek for employment.
To some extent, some women do migrate to join their family members in the diaspora. These women mainly do this for social aspects than economic aspects. Economically, these women do not become productive in their new houses. Instead, they will concentrate on the household tasks and even secure low paying jobs in their neighborhood. Therefore, women have less to gain from the migration than men do.
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Adaptation Systems for Immigrants Essay best college essay help
Immigrants face numerous challenges as they try to fit into host nations. For a long time, assimilation was the only way immigrants could cope with the challenges of moving into new societies. Assimilation is the process through which minority immigrant groups adopt the dominant culture in a bid to become socially integrated into the host nation.
Most people view assimilation as the process through which a minority group loses its culture and follows the culture of the majority group. However, scholars have defined assimilation as the process through which ethnic and cultural differences between the majority and the minority groups are reduced.
According to various studies, immigrants who culturally assimilate are more likely to experience elevated levels of stress and in some cases; mental problems. This can be attributed to the fact that culture plays a significant role in the development of an individual’s personality.
As such, most immigrants do not cope well in situations whereby they are forced to change their cultural beliefs. Assimilation is an unconscious process that is slow and gradual. Through this process, the weaker culture borrows various cultural traits from the dominant culture and the stronger culture can also adopt some cultural traits from the weaker culture. As such, assimilation is a two-way process.
On the other hand, ethnic pluralism refers to a situation whereby different cultures coexisting in the same society have not assimilated and each maintain its own cultural identity. Groups that adopt ethnic pluralism may share some common activities but maintain their individual lingual, religious and value systems. One of the main disadvantages of ethnic pluralism is that it segregates people in society, thereby creating a path for discrimination based on race, ethnicity and social status.
Transnationalism refers to a situation whereby migrants maintain social ties with their home nation across national borders. This has been made possible and easier as a result of globalization. Nowadays, there are faster and cheaper methods of communication and transport that allow people to stay in touch.
Similarities between these immigration systems is that they involve different cultures, enable different cultures to learn from each other and enable culturally different groups to coexist within a given geographical area. In regard to differences, each system has a different level of acculturation and assimilation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cultural assimilation leads to a situation whereby the weaker culture is completely absorbed by the dominant culture. In ethnic pluralism, groups maintain their cultural identity despite the fact that they coexist in the same geographical region. In transnationalism, individuals are able to practice their culture and that of the host nation without being subjected to forced cultural assimilation.
Considering that assimilation has been proven to cause negative psychological effects on immigrants, the best option would be transnationalism. This is attributed to the fact that this method of adaptation has numerous economic benefits to the host nation, as well as the immigrants’’ home nation.
Migrants can send money home to support their family. This money is used to develop the economy of the migrant’s country. Similarly, immigrants who start businesses within the host nation contribute to the development of the economy through exportation, importation and establishment of international business relations.
In addition, transnationalism enables immigrants to participate in the politics of their home nation, as well as those of the host nation. They can submit their votes through absentee ballots and can lobby in the host nations. Socially, transnationalism enables immigrants to stay in touch with their loved ones back at home at all times. They are also able to transfer knowledge and technology from the host nation to their home nation with relative ease. This facilitates social and infrastructural development across borders.
On the same note, transnationalism enables immigrants to maintain their professional, ethnic, national and social class identity. In most cases, transnationalism enables immigrants to maintain their national identity while gradually strengthening a national identity with the host nation.
This makes it easy to adapt and develop transnational identities. In the long run, immigrants who adopt transnationalism develop cultural competence in different countries as a result of their established transnational identities. Similarly, cultural erosion is less likely to occur in transnationalism.
Unlike assimilation and ethnic pluralism whereby weak cultures may be influenced to join the dominant culture, transnationalism enables immigrants to determine their cultural preference. Since people have constant ties with their home nation, it is very difficult to influence or corrupt their cultural preference. This ensures that immigrants remain loyal to their country despite their geographical location.
We will write a custom Essay on Adaptation Systems for Immigrants specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusively, migration is among the leading causes of identity change. In a bid to fit in, immigrant often change their mannerisms. Depending on the prevailing situation within the hoist nation, immigrants may suffer deleterious effects as they try to adapt to the changes within the host nation.
As such, one should choose an adaptation system that does not conflict with his/her beliefs. Considering the risks associated with immigration, transnationalism provides a viable avenue through which immigrants can improve their lives without necessarily abandoning their cultural heritage.
East Meets West Essay writing essay help
This paper describes intriguing accounts of various encounters of people between the ninth and 17th century. Ibn Fadlan, an Arab Chronicler, gives an account of his encounter with the Rus (One of the Swedish tribes) in the ninth century. Fadlan experienced a different culture from his Arabic. He described it as an alien and backward culture. Referring to the Rus, he says, “They are the filthiest of God’s creatures”.
Xavier, a Jesuit missionary, gave a historic account of his first encounter with the Japanese people in the 15th century. He described the Japanese as the best people known among the heathens. “Portuguese Views of Chinese” is an account of the first impression the Portuguese had upon encountering the Chinese.
Canton described the Chinese as foolish people without knowledge of war. He also described, He also described the Portuguese plan to invade and conquer China through a military warfare. “Commentary on Foreigners from Ming official” is a description of the opinions of the Chinese about foreigners. According to the commentary, the foreigners invaded China at first without much effect.
They were friendly in their engagements. However, their settlement and participation in Chinese trade had become intolerable because of their infiltration of Chinese culture with their foreign cultures. The Ming official described a plan of evicting foreigners from the Kingdom of Ming in the commentary.
In general, East Meets West is a description of various encounters of people between ninth and 17th century. Each of the four encounters had a different reception by the involved parties. The Eastern and Western encounters formed a prelude to major trends in world history. Briefly, the four perspectives of encounters of different people in the past had similar reactions.
St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit missionary of the 15th century, landed in Japan in 1552 on a missionary journey to spread Christianity. The warm reception he was given by the Japanese made him describe them as “courteous people”. He described the Japanese as the best and most friendly people in the heathen world. He described them as slow to anger and violence, despite their high regard for arms.
Xavier also described the Japanese as people who had high regard for their arms and intolerance of contemptuous words and insults. He envisioned an easy missionary work of converting Japanese people to Christianity because of their high literacy and willingness to listen to foreign ideas. Besides many praises, Xavier also described the Japanese people as sinners because of their tolerance of some social evils such as the generational class system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Fadlan described the Rus as a backward people with primitive cultural practices. He described the fondness and love of Rus men for women. He noted in his encounter that each man had several slave girls for his sexual gratification. This cultural orientation made Fadlan describe the Rus as filthy people with barbaric cultural practices. Backward funerary rituals and human sacrifice are among the cultural practices of the Rus people that Fadlan regarded as barbaric.
These cultural practices are different from the Islamic practices known to Fadlan. He saw several men line up to have sex with one slave girl in a funeral ceremony. Fadlan found this an awkward and filthy practice. Fadlan encountered the Rus on an emissary journey to the King of Bulgars of Middle Voga in 921 A.D. He was in service of the Caliph of Baghdad. The encounter can be described as positive because of the warm reception he was given by his horsts in their territory and guidance to understand their culture.
The Portuguese people encountered the Chinese in the 13th century as trading partners. Although, their first voyages were navigational and missionary ventures for exploring new lands and spreading Christianity, the Portuguese also explored mineral resources that interested their country. The Portuguese exchanged silver with Chinese ceramics, silk, and cotton.
The Chinese people accorded the Portuguese visitors a warm reception and accommodation without resistance. The Portuguese took courtesy of their horsts for foolishness and cowardice. In a letter written by Canton in 1517, the writer described the Chinese as foolish and cowardly people who had never fought in a war. Canton also described them as people with high regard for themselves. He said that the Chinese people referred to foreigners as savages and their country as the kingdom of God.
Despite the warm reception towards the Portuguese, Canton described in the letter the ill motives of Portugal to attack and conquer this new foreign land. The Portuguese wanted to control Chinese trade and gain profit from the immense resources of China. They successfully besieged and took control of all trade routes in the Indian Ocean in the 15th and 16th centuries. They introduced the pass system, otherwise called the Cartaz, which required all merchants in the trade network to pay a fee to them.
The commentary on foreigners from a Ming official was a negative reaction the Chinese people developed against foreigners. The Portuguese and Spaniards entered China as trade partners. However, their settlement in the Asian country caused inconveniences to the Chinese. The Portuguese infiltrated Chinese culture with western lifestyle, which the Chinese people considered backward. In this commentary, the Chinese people wished for the quick exit of all foreigners from their land.
This perspective differs from the first view the Portuguese had about the Chinese. The Portuguese viewed Chinese foolish and cowardly people in a rich territory for them to conquer. In the second perspective, the Chinese people discovered the ill motives of their visitors and wanted to terminate their relationship with them.
We will write a custom Essay on East Meets West specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, the above description of the four perspectives showed that various people in the past reacted differently to encounters with others. Fadlan’s encounter with the Rus people was intriguing. He encountered a sharp clash of cultures and religious practices. Fadlan encountered funerary rituals that were unheard off in Baghdad.
Xavier’s encounter with the Japanese people was awe striking. Xavier described the Japanese as the best people among the heathens. The Portuguese encounter with the Chinese people was very positive during the first time. However, with time, the Chinese developed hatred for foreigners because of the clash between western culture and local Chinese culture.
Bibliography Montgomery, James E. “Ibn Fadlan and the Rusiyyah”.” Journal of Arabic and IslamicStudies 3, (2000):n.p. Print
Tignor, Robert. “Contact Comerce, and Colonization. 1450s-1600.” In Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the Modern World from the Mongol Empire to the Present, by Robert Tignor, 511-550. New York : Norton
Spare the Rod and Save the Child Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Societal obligation to morality
Introduction The society tasks parents with the obligation of disciplining their children. This ensures that the children become morally upright adults in future. Disciplining children at an early age is more effective than disciplining children when they are much older. Failure to discipline children may have dire consequences. However, the means of disciplining children have been a source of heated debate. Various parties argue that spanking is an efficient form of disciplining children.
On the other hand, other parties argue that spanking children may do more harm than good. In the US, the black community has historically been a victim of discrimination. Therefore, the black community believes that a black child’s indiscipline may have dire consequences than that of a white child. Hence, parents should use all the necessary means to ensure that their children are well-behaved. Spanking is one of the means of disciplining children that parents may use (Patton para 3).
Spanking Childhood mistreatment has dire consequences on the psychological development of a child. However, there is no clear understanding of the effects of spanking on the psychological development of a child (Healy para 2).
Research conducted by two Canadian universities showed that adults who received physical punishment during their childhood, had a higher risk of suffering from personality disorders and substance abuse (Banks para 4). The research linked between two and seven percent of mental disorders to childhood physical punishment. The research concluded that parents should not use physical punishment to discipline their children regardless of their age (Healy para 3).
However, the research did not determine whether mental disorder may be the primary reason why parents spanked the children. Emotionally disturbed children may engage in mischievous activities, which may irritate their parents. This may make their parents spank them (Banks para 14). The parents may believe that spanking prevents the development of ill behaviors.
Generally, the black society believes that spanking children prevents them from various societal ills (Patton para 9). Therefore, parents believe that they are spanking their children as a means of offering love and support (McLoyd, Hill and Dodge 255). However, spanking may make children engage in the activities that parents loathe.
The black community’s has a controversial stand on physical punishment. Despite the fact that the NAACP opposes corporal punishment in schools, the organization supports physical punishment of children by their parents (Patton para 15). Therefore, it is ironical for the organization to support physical punishment in one setting and oppose it in a different setting. The organization should have one stand on physical punishment regardless of the setting.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Societal obligation to morality According to Singer, it is the duty of everybody in the society to ensure that the society has acceptable moral standards. It is the duty of a morally upright society to strive to reduce the suffering of other people. Singer presents his argument by claiming that it is wrong for individuals within the society to die due to lack of food, shelter or medical care (Singer para 5). Everyone in the society should have access to these basic needs.
It is the duty of individuals within the society to prevent such deaths from occurring. However, in so doing, the society must not sacrifice something that is of comparable moral importance (Singer para 6). It is wrong for an individual to watch as a child drowns in a pond when the individual can prevent the death. The individual should prevent the child from drowning. This is despite the fact that this may make the clothes of the individual become muddy (Singer para 7).
According to Springer, it is the duty of the society to ensure that something bad does not happen. Springer argues that anybody who has the financial means of easing the suffering of other people should do so. Helping the poor is not charity; it is the duty of everyone in the society.
The society usually praises people who are charitable but does not condemn people who are not charitable. However, this should not be the case. According to Springer, the society should force people who are not charitable to feel guilty by condemning them (Singer para 15). This would encourage more people to be charitable. Thus, being charitable should a be a societal norm.
People usually condemn people who violate various societal norms. People who steal personal or public property may receive moral condemnation from the society. However, the society does not condemn people who indulge in luxury instead of helping the poor or victims of natural disasters. The society should condemn such people. Both failure to help poor and stealing, lead to suffering of the people concerned.
Therefore, the society should reserve equal moral condemnation to both thieves and people who do not give to charity (Singer para 18). The moral needs of the society usually determine the attitudes that a society may have towards certain actions. Therefore, one may argue that it is not vital to reduce the suffering of people in other societies. However, people should not prevent suffering only within their societies. People should also prevent the suffering of people in other societies (Singer para 19).
In alleviating suffering in the society, the major issue is the quantity that one should give. According to Singer, one may give until they reach the level of marginal utility. This is the level at which if one gives more, the individual will experience similar suffering. However, this denigrates the contributor of the aid to the level of the recepient of the aid (Singer para 21). Therefore, it is wrong to for people to give until they reach the level of marginal utility. This is because giving may cause harm to the individual or the dependents of the individual.
We will write a custom Essay on Spare the Rod and Save the Child specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Therefore, using Singer’s argument, it is the duty of the society to ensure proper upbringing of children. In ensuring the proper upbringing of children, the society should not sacrifice something that is of equal moral importance.
Therefore, the society should ensure that parents bring up their children well. However, in so doing, the society should not demean the authority of parents, such that children are no longer respectful to the parents. Failure to spank children does not demean the authority of the children. However, spanking may have long term effects on the children.
Therefore, the society should not spank children at the expense of their future well-being. Spanking children may reduce the immorality of the children. However, spanking may sacrifice something of equal moral importance – the future psychological well-being of the children. Parents or guardians should use means of disciplining children are as effective or more effective than spanking.
Works Cited Banks, Sandy. “Study fuels spanking debate.” LA Times, n.d. Print.
Healy, Michelle. “Spanking’s effects can linger.” USA Today, n.d. Print.
McLoyd, Vonnie C., Hill, Nancy E. and Dodge, Kenneth A. African American family life: Ecological and cultural diversity. Spring Street, NY: Guilford Press, 2005. Print.
Patton, Stacey. “Does the NAACP think it’s okay to hit your kids?” Chronicle of Higher Education, n.d. Print.
Singer, Peter. “Famine, affluence, and morality.” Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol.1 no. 3, 1972. Print.
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The Concepts of Migration and Its Types Essay custom essay help
Migration refers to a situation where individuals and /or family members relocate to a foreign country or region to ameliorate their economic or social prospects. According to the United Nations, a migrant is someone who has lived in a foreign country for a period exceeding one year, regardless of the circumstances that prompted them to move.
Considering this definition, those visiting for shorter durations cannot be classified as migrants. There are several concepts that relate to migration. They include transnationalism, transnational migrants, and migrant transnationalism. Transnationalism refers to any social process that surpasses national borders.
These activities are not confined to a particular country or region. Transnational migrants are those in constant motion. They constantly cross national borders as opposed to settling in one country. Migrant transnationalism refers to a situation where migrants retain and maintain ties with their home countries. This accords them an opportunity to participate in affairs of the host country, as well as their home country.
There are various types of migrant transnationalism. They include economic transnationalism, and political transnationalism. In economic transnationalism, migrants contribute to the economy of the host country, as well as maintain relations with their home country. Such migrants send money back to their country of origin. These remittances are meant to support families that were left behind by the migrants.
The remittances largely impact on the economies of sending countries. In political transnationalism, immigrants participate actively in political activities both in the host and home country. Most immigrants retain right to vote in their home country. However, migrant transnationalism is not a new occurrence. In contemporary society, migration is made easier by technological advancements and developments in international mass media. These factors have increased the visibility of migrant transnationalism.
Migration impacts heavily on the identity of immigrants. Identity refers to consciousness of belonging to a certain social grouping. Types of identity are ethnic identity, national identity, occupational identity, and social class identity. Migration plays a key role in altering identity of individuals.
In migration trends, women are constantly put to focus. Most immigrant women find it difficult to move around and search for employment in the host country. Any form of movement by women impacts negatively on familial bond and structure. This is attributed to the fact that family relations and interactions are anchored on women.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If women are away from their families for long periods, the family gets to realign itself to the prevailing circumstances. Immigrant women earn less compared to men. This is because women are mostly semi-skilled. This makes it difficult for them to get well-paying jobs. In many societies around the world, women are required to stay at home and look after children. This means that immigrant women do not get support from their male partners. Therefore, migration for women is an occasion for possible rejection.
It is evident that women face numerous challenges relating to migration. Women find it difficult to move around with their families. Consequently, they have to arrange on how their families will be catered for in their absence. Immigrant women often perform jobs that are lowly ranked in society.
They work as sexual workers, caregivers, and domestic household workers. These jobs attract poor compensation rates. Women are disadvantaged by their subordinate gender position in society. Their jobs are exploitative and demeaning.
Most women migrate for economic reasons. Others are forced to migrate in order to escape abusive spouses. Others migrate to reunite with their families. Women have more to lose in comparison to men. The circumstances surrounding migration of women are difficult and unique. Women face difficulty in finding employment in host countries. However, men are well placed in terms of employment prospects in the host country.
The Road to the White House, 2012 Essay online essay help: online essay help
Introduction Voter turnout is an important aspect of a free and fair election in a democratic system of governance. A high voter turnout is deemed to be a sign of a healthy democracy (Lee 32). Even though America is one of the leading democracies in the world, its voter turnout has historically remained very low. In the last four decades, the participation of citizens in general elections has been steadily declining due to a myriad of socio-political factors. This paper highlights the measures that can be taken to improve voter turnout in the United States.
Low voter turnout in the US is attributed to the emergence of candidate-oriented campaigns, inadequate electoral competition and the decline in the popularity of party politics (Green and Gerber 66). The rise of a hypercritical press has also contributed to the low voter turnout. Since these factors are difficult to address, more citizens are likely to shy away from the electoral process in the future. However, the following measures can help in motivating citizens to participate in elections.
First, the current electoral process should be replaced with a proportional representation system. The current system discourages voters from participating in elections since a candidate can be declared the winner even if he wins in fewer states than his competitor (Green and Gerber 111).
A candidate can also be declared the winner despite garnering fewer votes than his competitor. This happened in 2000 when Bush was declared the winner despite having fewer votes than Gore. These weaknesses demonstrate that the voters have a limited ability to select their leaders through the voting system. A propositional representation system will eliminate these weaknesses by assuring the voters that their votes will be the ultimate determinant of the country’s future leadership.
Second, some laws that govern the voting process should be changed. Concisely, the voting hours should be extended to allow more people to participate.
Most eligible voters fail to vote due to work commitments. Similarly, conducting elections on weekdays often discourage the working class from participating. Consequently, high voter turnout can be achieved by conducting the elections on weekends. Third, the campaign period should be reduced. Traditionally, lengthy campaigns are expected to give voters adequate time to evaluate the candidates.
In the contrary, long campaigns divert the voters’ attention from campaign activities. Empirical studies reveal that “most voters lack the psychological preparation that facilitates close attention to campaigns when the Election Day is still months away” (Lee 98). Besides, voters are likely to lose interest in campaigns that last for a very long time. Hence, long campaigns produce an uninformed electorate, thereby discouraging participation in elections.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third, the voter registration process should be reformed. In most states, the registration process is often stopped, at least, two weeks prior to the Election Day. However, most citizens are hardly aware of the registration deadline. Besides, some voters find it difficult to register due to time constraints. Consequently, the registration deadline should be extended.
Registration should be allowed on the Election Day in order to give more citizens the opportunity to participate. The registration process can also be made automatic. For instance, the government can use the list of registered citizens (holders of national identification cards) to create the voters register. Fourth, the media can help in motivating citizens to participate in elections (Green and Gerber 132).
The print and electronic media play an integral role in informing the public about campaign events such as presidential debates, as well as, the policies of each candidate. However, the media has systematically reduced its coverage of political activities in favor of commercial adverts. The electorate is likely to be well informed if the coverage of political events is increased. Thus, the voters will have an incentive to vote.
Fifth, civic education should be improved in the United States. Most citizens are not aware of the importance of participating in elections. Thus, comprehensive civic educational programs should be used to sensitize the citizens on the benefits of participating in elections. Finally, conducting opinion polls prior to the elections should be prohibited.
Traditionally, opinion polls are used to predict the results of the general elections (Lee 122). Voter turnout tends to be low when the polls predict a landslide victory. This is because the citizens tend to believe that their votes will not change the results. Prohibiting polling activities during the campaigns will make it difficult to predict the results. Thus, more citizens are likely to participate in the elections.
Collaborative Essay The Road to the White House, 2012, by All of Us
The main issues in the 2012 presidential elections include economic growth, unemployment and tax policy (Gallup). Additionally, the voters are concerned about the management of the country’s public debt. National security and foreign policies have also featured prominently in the presidential campaigns.
The Republicans have been criticizing President Obama’s economic and energy development policies since the beginning of the campaigns. Obama intends to extend the tax cuts that were introduced by Bush’s administration. The tax cuts are expected to benefit citizens whose income is less than $ 250,000. However, the president has promised to end the tax cuts that are currently being enjoyed by the wealthy.
We will write a custom Essay on The Road to the White House, 2012 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Romney, on the other hand, intends to reform the tax system by introducing a new set of tax cuts. For instance, he has proposed a 20% reduction on personal income tax rate. He has also proposed a reduction in corporate tax by 5 percentage points, as well as, the elimination of the estate and capital gain taxes. In 2011, Obama focused on pursuing green energy development policies.
However, in early 2012 he made a dramatic change in his energy development policy by deciding to exploit all energy sources rather than focusing on clean energy. Romney, on the other hand, favors the development of non-renewable energy sources such as oil and gas. His energy policy is based on the premise that the non-renewable energy sector can create more jobs and significantly improve energy supply in America.
The Republican presidential primaries began in 2011 with several candidates competing for the party’s nomination. By February 2012, there were only four candidates left in the competition. They included Mitt Romney, Newt Gingrich, Ron Paul and Rick Santorum. Romney was nominated as the party’s presidential candidate in May, after winning the support of 1,144 delegates. President Obama was nominated as the presidential candidate for the Democratic Party in September after he won the support of more than 2778 delegates.
The Republicans held their national convention in August 2012, whereas the Democrats held their convention in September 2012. During these conventions, the parties focused on criticizing each other. The parties seemed to have adopted similar political values. Consequently, the conventions produced political strategies which were more or less the same.
The Republicans focused on highlighting the weaknesses of their opponents by describing them as people who discourage individual success and free enterprise (Harris and Vandehei). The Republicans also described their opponents as people who prefer the European-style welfare state.
The Democrats adopted a similar approach by describing their opponents as people who look alike and have little concern for the less fortunate. The Democrats also accused their opponents of having the intentions to control Americans’ sexual and reproductive freedom. Most voters find it difficult to make a decision concerning the candidate to vote for due to the similarities in the policies and political strategies that have been adopted by the two parties.
Since the beginning of the campaigns, the candidates have focused on popularizing their policies in order to win voters’ support. Romney was deemed to be the winner of the first presidential debate. However, Obama was considered to be the winner of the second and the third debates (Gallup).
In the third debate, Obama won the support of the audience by clearly specifying his positions on foreign policy and his past achievements. Generally, Obama has received favorable ratings on healthcare, energy and taxes. Romney, on the other hand, has received positive ratings on economic policy, as well as, his stand on federal budget deficit. The results of the 2012 presidential election will be determined primarily by the candidates’ ability to articulate the socio-economic issues that the country is grappling with.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Road to the White House, 2012 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Gallup. This Week’s Top Stories. Gallup, 27 Oct. 2012. Web.
Green, Donald and Alan Gerber. Get Out the Vote: How to Increase Voter Turnout. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print.
Harris, John and Vandehei Jim. Two Conventions Tell the Tale of 2012. Politico, 7 Sep. 2012. Web.
Lee. American Voter Turnout: an Institutional Perspective. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.
Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand Held Equipment Term Paper essay help: essay help
Introduction Rapid industrialization in the United States has facilitated the invention of several tools and equipment which are used to produce various goods. Hand and portable powered tools are commonly used in workshops to repair or to manufacture new goods. However, these tools are also health hazards at the workplace (Tillman, 2007, p. 45). Hand and portable powered tools often cause fatal injuries, especially, if they are not used appropriately.
In the US, more than 400,000 emergency room visits per year are attributed to the injuries that occur due to the use of hand and powered tools. Consequently, employers and employees must take the necessary precautions to avoid the injuries that occur due to the use of these tools. This paper will highlight the significant regulatory requirements, the potential hazards, as well as, the recommendations for controlling the hazards that are associated with the use of hand and portable powered tools.
The Regulatory Requirements OSHA requires all employers to ensure that the tools that are being used in their organizations are safe. The employers are also required to collaborate with their employees in order to identify workplace hazards and to implement measures that can help to control the identified hazards. The employees, on the other hand, are required to use the tools responsibly in order to avoid injuries. In this regard, OSHA requires users of hand and powered tools to observe the following regulations.
First, guards must be provided to protect employees from the injuries that can be caused by the exposed moving parts of a hand held equipment or a powered tool (OSHA, 2012). Some of the tools that require safety guards include shafts and flywheels. These tools must always be fitted with safety guards in order to prevent accidents or injuries at the workplace.
Second, all electric tools must be fitted with a three-wire cord that is connected to a ground receptacle. The cord must also be double insulated in order to prevent shocks. Electric tools must be operated according to their manufacturers’ recommendations. Thus, the employers must ensure that all tools have user manuals that guide their use. Additionally, electric tools should be operated in areas with adequate light in order to avoid wrong connections and tripping hazards that can be caused by the tools’ power cords.
Third, pneumatic tools such as chippers and drills must be checked on a regular basis in order to ensure that they are properly fitted to the air hose. The users of these tools must examine them on a regular basis in order to identify and repair the damaged parts (OSHA, 2012). Employers are required to restrict access to areas where tools are being used in order to prevent injuries. Finally, the employees must be trained to use the tools and equipment appropriately.
Potential Hazards and the Typical Areas where they May be Present Hand and portable powered tools are associated with the following hazards. Inappropriate use of hand and powered tools is one of the major causes of injuries at the workplace.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Concisely, tools such as chisels are likely to break if they are used for the wrong purposes. The broken pieces can fly off and hit the user or his fellow workers. Similarly, a hummer with a wooden handle that is either damaged or loosely fitted can cause a fatal accident.
In this case, the hummer’s head is likely to fly off and injure the person who is using it or other workers. Moving parts of equipment such as blades and belts can cause serious cuts if they are not fitted with safety guards (Bohle
Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror Essay a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The act in which a person legally challenges unlawful incarceration is called Habeas Corpus. In the American context, Habeas Corpus is about correcting the violations of human liberty by conducting a judicial inquiry into the legal grounds on which an individual has been detained by a state or federal authority. The American political and social culture revolve around the protection of civil liberties and rights that are manifested in the Declaration of Independence, The Constitution and The Bill of Rights.
Origin The Habeas Corpus Act was first used in England as common law. It was to be found in the Magna Carta though in an ambiguous form. Only the king had the authority to convene a jury. However, King Henry never granted this to the private courts. The petitioner had the privileges of withdrawing a case from the common courts to be tried in the royal courts.
Further changes occurred on the Act during the reign of King Edward 1(Halliday, 2010). In America, the writ can be traced to the passing of the Judiciary Act of 1879 by the Congress. However, in the American context, Article 1 of the American Constitution withdraws this writ from an individual if the person has been proved to have conspired either in person or by affiliation to engage in a rebellion or invade public safety(Wert
Nuclear Power’ Two Opposing Sides Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The debate on nuclear power has taken different directions due to the disagreements it has created among governments. Today, most regimes have justified their possession of nuclear weapons on basis of self defense or what may be termed as “protection of national security against aggression”.
There are many reasons why different nations have remained vocal on the need to be allowed to operate nuclear power plants. On the other side of the debate, there are those countries that believe other nations should not be in possession of nuclear weapons because they pose major security threats in the world. This has been associated with terrorism or crimes of aggression where some powerful nations want to violate rights of others through creating tensions.
The reader will agree that whatever position on nuclear power what matters is the objective or end goal. In ethics, it would refer to ideologies under utilitarianism and deontological moral conception. Thus, should possession of nuclear weapons be based on the desired end as to justify the means? Or is possession of nuclear weapons a malum in se (bad in itself). This will be discussed in due course of the study.
Main Analysis In this section, the researcher will present two reasons why a country’s nuclear power may be justified and one reason why it cannot be supported.
In the past, a government official from North Korea expressed to the UN General Assembly that the country possessed nuclear weapons as a mechanism to self-defense (Tibori 90). Therefore, he blamed Washington (The United States) for quoting the non-proliferation and terrorism act only to interfere with sovereign states.
In addition, the Foreign Minister, then Choe Su Hon, stated that a country’s possession of nuclear power for the sake of self defense (Lackey 54) was in tandem with its efforts towards peace and security (Staff Writers United Nations AFP 1).
Indeed, nuclear weapons may potentially cause great destruction and protracted illness but there is no any particular treaty that deems their use as opposed to the law. The law prohibits use of nuclear weapons if such turns out to be a means of war. The International Criminal Court declined to state that nuclear weapons violate customary international law in every circumstance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As indicated earlier, nuclear power has been condemned due to the fact that it is destructive. Firstly, explosions of nuclear weapons create blast effects, preliminary nuclear radiation, thermal radiation, radioactive fallout and electromagnetic pulse (Sheldon 183).
The other danger is that, upon detonation of nuclear weapons, the explosion spreads to the air where in turn it produces a fireball that travels at a speed equal to that of light (Louka 66). This leads to a hurricane kind of wind which is followed by a heat wave. This, at large, creates more hazards to the environment and even causes death to communities around. In the same vein, the health hazards may create fatal injuries such as burns and thermal radiation (Sheldon 185).
Conclusion The study has demonstrated the opposing sides in as far as nuclear power is concerned. It is acceptable to purport that nuclear power may be used if such is meant to promote peace and security; on the other hand, there lacks a specific law that prohibits possession of nuclear power. On the contrary, nuclear power, especially due to explosions may create damages to the eco-system and even complicate health of human beings.
Works Cited Lackey, Douglas. Moral Principles and Nuclear Weapons. USA: Rowman
What do the Art, Artifacts and Myths of Antiquity Tells us about the Status of Women in the Ancient Society? Essay cheap essay help
Introduction Women in the ancient societies of Egypt and Greece played the roles of wives and mothers. Before the New Kingdom in Egypt, this was more pronounced than in the ancient Greece. Many arts and artifacts that were created in Egypt supported this argument. There is a comparison and contrast between the social status of women of the ancient Egypt and the ancient Greece.
The specific works of arts, artifacts and myths shows the social status of women in the ancient societies. The claim in this essay is in form of an opinion that women in the ancient Greece and the ancient Egypt are assigned the roles of wives and mothers to the children.
The Merriam-Webster dictionary has defined the word art as a skill acquired by the study, experience or observation. In connection to the topic, various arts were created by the painters and artists to portray the characteristics of women and the roles they are to play in the society. An artifact is something created by human beings for practical purposes especially an object remaining from a particular period.
A myth on the other hand is a popular belief or tradition that has developed around something or someone. In the ancient society, people believed the myth that women’s roles are limited to those of a wife and a mother. An antiquity refers to the ancient times before the middle Ages.
The essay focuses on the ancient times in Greece and Egypt. The society is a community, nation, or broad groupings of people having common traditions, institutions, collective activities as well as interests. In connection to the topic, society referred to the community in the ancient Greece and Egypt (Merriam 20).
The roles of Athenian women in 15th Century B.C. were primarily those of a wife and a mother. The myth that was believed by the Athenians required women to stay home and take care of children and the husbands (O’Neal 4). In other words, the culture in the Ancient Greece was that women were not suppose to have other roles apart from those of bearing children and abiding by what the husband has said. They never recognized someone without a husband or children as a woman of integrity in the society.
Women portrayed in the formal tomb paintings of the Old and Middle Kingdoms suggest that their main task was that of a wife and the mother. This traditional myth portrays that the women of the ancient Egypt were left at home to look after the children (Anete 12).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Zeus, the establisher of law and order in the ancient Athens denied women their active roles in the society except that of giving birth and taking care of children. He came up with the moral law and order and took away power from the females. He produced Athena from his head and Dionysus from the thigh to completely take away women’s sole claim as child bearers.
All these vices arose from Ge, the Goddess who gave birth to bad children some of whom were the monsters (O’Neal 4). In case of any bad child being born, the mother was taken to be the cause of the problem.
In the ancient Egypt before the New kingdom, administration and policy making duties were denied of women. However, when the New kingdom came in, the aspect of a woman being the queen was portrayed in artistic work. The idea of the woman being the wife and a mother became a secondary feature (Anete 14).
Men performed political and intellectual rites of the city of Athens. Women did not attend and did not know how to read and write. They were not educated except for the domestic training (O’Neal 6). They were left to perform the household chores. This shows how women were discarded in the community from participating in the day-to-day running of the society.
In the ancient Egypt, the sculptures of women and those of children were smaller compared to men implying that men were powerful and dominant in the society (Anete 15). This artistic work reflects the social difference between a man and a woman in the society where women were to be submissive to men.
In the ancient Greece, the area through which the wife operates according to Xenophon is the house and the care of the household. She was responsible for giving birth and bringing up the children, managing slaves, weaving and teaching slaves how to weave. Penelope was the name given to woman meaning one who practices instructions of the husband (O’Neal 8).
In Egypt, the appearances and lifestyle of women were very important. Hairstyle, dressings, jewellery, make-ups and headdresses portray status and different roles in the society (Anete 15). The decorations of the queen were different from those of the ordinary women. This shows the powers that the queen had in the society.
We will write a custom Essay on What do the Art, Artifacts and Myths of Antiquity Tells us about the Status of Women in the Ancient Society? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The female figure was also portrayed in the art to depict the fertility and the age of the woman. This artistic feature shows that the status of women in the society was that of a mother as they were concerned about the fertility of the women in the society.
The earthy colors of the land such as red, orange and brown influenced the artistic works. Yellow and brown were used to paint the difference between men and women (Anete 16). This traditional myth shows that the ancient Egyptians did not value a woman in the society as they painted their representations with the dark earthy colors.
The dwarfs were treated with utmost respect in the land. They enjoyed high ranks in the society and were buried in nice tombs. The well-known dwarfs were Seneb and the gods, Ptah and Bes. Ptah was associated with regeneration and rejuvenation while Bes protected sexuality, childbirth, women and children (Anete 18). This feature reflects that the woman in the society was categorized as a child
The archetypal Egyptian wife and mother Isis became the symbolical mother of the king. Isis was the link between the deities and the royalty and she was the protector of the young thus often called during injuries and accidents. She was worshipped as the goddess of rebirth, medicine and wisdom (Anete 22).
In conclusion, from the myths, arts and artifacts explained above, it is evident that women in the ancient times are treated as slaves. Various artifacts, arts and myths in the ancient Egypt and Greece portray a woman’s social status as that of a wife and the mother. Women are restricted to the household chores and deprived of the economic, political and administrative duties.
Works Cited Anete, Olivier. Social Status of Elite Women of the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: A comparison of Artistic features. South Africa: University of South Africa. 2008. Print.
Merriam, Webster. Free Online Dictionary. London: Britannica Co. 2012. Print.
O’Neal, William. The Status of Women in Ancient Athens. Toledo: University of Toledo, 2001. Print.
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Disability Management Practices in Canada Report best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Work-life balance programs
Paramedical and physiotherapy program
Offering modified work
Introduction Health, productivity, and well-being of employers and workers in the contemporary society are becoming increasingly vital aspects. The economic, emotional, and social costs of illnesses and injuries are so severe that organisations and governments across the globe are trying to establish practices and policies to alleviate these costs (Akabas and Gates 9).
One of the practices that the government and organisations are adopting is Disability Management (DM). Disability management aims at assisting employees that suffer from illnesses or injuries while in their places of work. Initially, organisations could take staffs suffering from illnesses or injuries to offsite rehabilitation facilities. Nevertheless, the government and organisations are now involved in assisting the affected staff members within an organisation to ensure that their productivity is not affected (Akabas and Gates 11).
Numerous countries are currently introducing disability management practices in workplaces, for instance, Canada, Australia, Britain, and the United States. Some of the practices include work-life balance programs, paramedical and physiotherapy programs, insurance programs, and offering modified work to employees who suffer from disabilities. This paper will focus on some of the best disability management practices employed in Canada.
Work-life balance programs According to a study conducted on employees that take long before resuming to work after injuries or illnesses, the more such employees stay out of their workplaces, the more their chances of returning to work decrease. Employees that are out of work for over two years have 10 per cent chances of returning to the workplaces (Akabas and Gates 12).
The work-life balance program is one of the best disability management practices. The program ensures that employees have enough time to relax after working and take adequate leave. This move helps in ensuring that employees do not suffer from work-related problems like stress, depression, and other mental illnesses.
A work-life balance program is one of the disability management practices aimed at helping employees cope with the challenges encountered during and after an illness or injury.
Whenever an employee suffers an injury or work-related illness and takes long at home, it becomes hard for such an employee to return to the workplace and associate with other employees (Akabas and Gates 13-17). Work-life balance program as one of the disability management practices entails coming up with modalities to accommodate an employee prior to his or her absence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Before the affected employee is allowed to take leave to cope with the illness or injury, the institution comes up with a program to modify the work schedule or workplace for the affected employee. At times, an employee may not be willing to return to his or her initial place of work due to the humiliation s/he went through initially (Akabas and Gates 19-24). Consequently, institutions with numerous branches may offer the affected employee a chance to work in a different branch.
Besides changing the workplace, firms may work with the affected employee to come up with a work schedule that suits him or her, thus ensuring that s/he has adequate time to rest and attend to other personal duties. Through work-life programs, employers establish a work schedule with the help of the affected staff. In return, the staff members feel confident about the company as they acknowledge its concern.
Whenever an employee takes long to return to his or her workplace after an illness or injury, s/he further suffers from the disgrace of the absence. Besides, it becomes hard to relate with other staff members on returning since s/he fears their reaction. Work-life balance programs seek to alleviate these challenges.
They help in ensuring that employees return to work with limited challenges. The program helps in establishing an appropriate method of reintegrating the affected employees into a firm. Besides, the program establishes a working schedule that ensures that staff members have enough time out of their workplaces thus ensuring that they do not suffer from work-related problems.
Paramedical and physiotherapy program Besides the work-life balance programs, the government and Canadian organisations are embracing paramedic and physiotherapy programs as another disability management practice. Institutions are turning to physicians to help them in ensuring that staff members that suffer injuries or illnesses at workplaces receive the best treatment and return to workplaces at the right time (Bruyère and Shrey 227).
In the past, employees were only allowed to return to work if their employers learnt that they were capable of handling all job functions. The best thing with paramedical and physiotherapy program is that physicians help firms in coming up with varied accommodations, limitations, and restrictions, thus helping employees return to work within the shortest period after suffering from illnesses or injuries.
Paramedical and physiotherapy program is a disability management program that Canadian organisations established to promote cooperation between employers and employees in the event of disabilities or illnesses (Bruyère and Shrey 22-234). Through the help of physicians, employers and employees come up with strategies to ensure that employees recover quickly from their illnesses or injuries thus returning to work.
We will write a custom Report on Disability Management Practices in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Physicians assist firms to come up with medical inputs like limitations and restrictions to ensure that employees do not suffer from work-related injuries or illnesses. Moreover, the limitations and restrictions help in ensuring that staff members do not resume working while they still suffer from the illness.
Physiotherapists help institutions in monitoring the recovery of the affected employees and help organisations in establishing a treatment program for the affected ones. Besides treating the affected employees, the program helps firms in coming up with strategies to prevent chances of other staff members suffering from the same problems (Bruyère and Shrey 237-242).
Organisations use Paramedical and physiotherapy program as one of their disability management practices. Through the help of physicians and physiotherapists, institutions come up with programs to help their employees deal with all kinds of challenges that render them incapable of offering their services to an institution.
The program entails establishing limitations and restrictions to ensure that employees do not engage in activities that subject them to health problems. Moreover, it involves treating the affected staff and helping them to recover from the illnesses, thus returning to work on time.
Physicians and physiotherapists are indispensable instruments in helping organisations come up with efficient return-to-work programs. In a bid to enhance the success of paramedical and physiotherapy program, firms should establish a system that ensures timely correspondence among employees, employers, and physicians. Moreover, organisations should monitor their staffs regularly to make sure that they identify those suffering early enough and inform the physicians for timely and appropriate response.
Insurance programs In Canada, employers work in collaboration with insurers in dealing with disability management. The role played by insurers in helping the employees cope with a disability is of immense help to firms.
Insurers help in ensuring that employees encounter a smooth process when returning or leaving the workplace (Creen 5). Moreover, they assist in ensuring that employees do not encounter challenges when switching from one category of disability to another. Insurers are increasingly coming up with measures to address the ever-changing claims situation.
The benefit of insurance is that it helps employees receive their claims without difficulties, thus being capable of accessing medical attention on time (Creen 7). In return, employees do not take a lot of time away from the workplace. Another benefit of this program is that it saves employees from discrimination by ensuring that confidential information about their health does not leak to the employers.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Disability Management Practices in Canada by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Insurance program involves a healthy interaction between the insurance agents and employers. With assistance from employers, insurers come up with tailored disability management programs for various employees. The insurer allocates a devoted disability team to an organisation.
This team works closely with employers to identify the challenges facing employees and come up with measures to address the same. In addition, through this program, insurers help firms come up with absence management practices and create a stable return-to-work formula (Creen 6).
Employers and insurers attend regular workshops, which equip them with requisite skills for dealing with intricate disabilities like mental disorders. The program gives employers and insurers an opportunity to monitor how the affected employees are responding to treatment and organise for further consultations, thus ensuring that employees recover from the disabilities within the shortest time possible.
Currently, insurers are working with employers to establish rehabilitation programs and early intervention mechanisms to facilitate in curbing disabilities (Creen 7-9). Besides, they are establishing training and mentorship programs to help employees deal with challenges that result in disabilities.
Insurance program as one of the disability management practices helps Canadian employees receive timely medical attention whenever they suffer from any disability at workplaces. Employers work with insurers to ensure that employees receive financial assistance within the shortest time possible.
Besides, they monitor employees to see that they recover from the disability and organise for further consultations in case they realise that an employee is not recovering as expected. The insurance program not only helps in addressing the disability problems that employees face in Canadian institutions, but also in avoiding chances of employee discrimination by protecting confidential information about their health.
Offering modified work One of the key features of disability management practices is offering modified work to employees suffering from any disability. Rather than dismissing the affected employee, an organisation may make some alterations on job specifications of the affected employee (Westmorland and Buys 31).
Modification may entail cutting down on the workload, reducing the number of hours worked, or assigning the affected employee to a less demanding task. The main reason why this practice is among the best disability management practices is that, it helps institutions maintain their productivity by ensuring that they continue exploiting the affected employees’ skills.
Besides, the practice saves the company from the costs associated with hiring and training new employees (Westmorland and Buys 33). Another benefit of offering modified work to employees suffering from disabilities is that it helps in reducing chances of firms entering into conflicts with employees, which may ruin the organisational reputation.
In Canada, most organisations turn to work modification as one of the disability management practices. Some of the factors that lead to employees suffering from disabilities include workload and the number of hours worked per week.
Employees working in highly demanding jobs tend to suffer from numerous disabilities like backache (Westmorland and Buys 35-38). Therefore, to deal with this disability, firms reduce the number of hours the affected employee works in a week. At times, organisations may move the affected employee to a less demanding job to facilitate in his or her recovery.
Moreover, they make the working environment more flexible to help the employee take a rest at intervals during the working hours. Firms allow their employees to have job control as a mechanism to reduce chances of most of them suffering from work-related disabilities (Westmorland and Buys 39-40). Employers allow their staff to modify their workplaces to enhance their working conditions.
Offering modified work is one of the strategies of disability management practices in Canada. Organisations modify works for individuals suffering from disabilities as a way of helping them return to their full potential with limited difficulties.
The practice entails reducing the workload, number of hours the affected employee works for per week, and transferring the affected employee to a less demanding job. For effective disability management through offering modified work, it is imperative that employers involve the affected employees in coming up with the most appropriate modifications.
Conclusion Organisations are currently switching to disability management practices as one of the methods of dealing with work-related injuries and disabilities. In Canada, organisations use numerous disability management practices. These practices include work-life balance programs, paramedic and physiotherapy programs, insurance programs, and offering modified work to employees who suffer from disabilities.
All these measures facilitate in ensuring that employees who suffer from work-related disabilities return to work with limited difficulties. The practices help institutions overcome costs associated with hiring and training new employees; besides, they help organisations preserve their reputation by ensuring that they do not conflict with their employees.
Works Cited Akabas, Sheila, and Lauren Gates. “Organisational commitment: the key to successful disability management.” American Rehabilitation 16.3 (2006): 9-24. Print.
Bruyère, Susanne, and Donald Shrey. “Disability management in Industry: A Joint Labor-Management Process.” Rehabilitation Counselling Bulletin 34.3 (2007): 227-242. Print.
Creen, Marg. “Best practices for disability management.” Journal of the Ontario Occupational Health Nurses Association 2.4 (2002): 5-9. Print.
Westmorland, Muriel, and Nicholas Buys. “A comparison of disability management practices in Australian and Canadian workplaces.” Works 23.1 (2004): 31-41. Print.
Management is a Difficult Term Essay essay help free: essay help free
Abstract Management refers to gathering of personnel in a work place to achieve set objectives through effective utilization of accessible capital. Management occurs in varied forms that include a process, an activity, a discipline, a group, a science, an art and a profession. Various theories apply in management and must be integrated together to achieve results.
Theories applied in management include the emergency theory, confusion theory, systems theory and theory X and Y. Effectual management involves a cycle that acts as strength of character for success in an enterprise. A management cycle has five key stages.
“Management” is a difficult term because it entails the application of numerous concepts and theories in achieving set objectives. The principal goals of management include acquisition of maximum results with little utilization of resources, escalation of the effectiveness of production factors and the harmonization of running enterprises (Cole, 2004, p.23).
Management exists as a process, an activity, a discipline, a group, a science, an art and a profession (Cole, 2004, p.31). Process management entails directing enterprises through orderly, harmonized and well thought-out human efforts.
Activity management entails achieving goals in an enterprise through directing the efforts of others. This management includes informational duties for the manager, decision-making and interaction of all workers in an enterprise. Discipline management means identifying desirable conduct in managers and the various ways applied in management of an enterprise (Cole, 2004, p.44).
Group management refers to everyone involved in the management tasks of an enterprise. Management science entails a systematic body of knowledge, though not to exact figures. This is because management involves human beings whose behavior is hard to predict (Ghuman, 2010, p.26).
Art management entails application of information and expertise to achieve certain objectives. Profession management entails the use of information, acquisition of recognized instruction and guidance, meeting social obligations, abiding to defined rules of demeanor and registering with associations that embody the profession (Ghuman, 2010, p.47).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Theories on management apply to the general productivity and service liberation by an enterprise (Ghuman, 2010, p.125). Theories applied in managing an enterprise depend on factors such as the nature of the enterprise, rationale of the enterprise and the workforce available to the management.
Universally applied management theories include the emergency theory, confusion theory, systems theory and theory X and Y (Ghuman, 2010, p.133). Emergency theory argues that a manager should make a decision based on key aspects of a prevailing situation (Shields, 2007, p.47).
The systems theory commonly applies to management of enterprises. Systems and personnel found in a work place tend to have effects on each other. A system comprises a multiplicity of organs that labor in unison to meet set objectives. This theory allows managers to assess patterns and proceedings occurring in their enterprises (Shields, 2007, p.55). Confusion theory appreciates the invariable nature of alteration.
An enterprise keeps growing, and its vulnerability in the market increases (Shields, 2007, p.70). The final theory applied in management is X and Y theory. This theory entails the inspiration of personnel at work for optimal productivity. Theory Y argues that workers ought to be naturally motivated to work, and nobody should be responsible if they lack motivation. Theory X applies an authority-oriented leadership style that discourages the participation of workers (Shields, 2007, p.101).
Effective management involves a cycle that acts as strength of character for success in an enterprise (Saaksvuori
Contact Report: Personal Property Auditor of San Francisco Report essay help free
Executive Summary This report is on an interview I did with the Personal Property Auditor of the City of Francisco. We had a discussion on his professional and personal life and what motivates him. This interview describes the auditor’s personality and background. It was done on October 10, 2012, at his office in San Francisco.
The people who work with him describe him as exuberant and intelligent. His zeal and commitment to work has made it possible for the city to collect its highest tax revenues in a decade. He reveals more about his career in this candid interview.
Introduction He starts by informing me what made him opt for accounting as his career. He reveals that he has always been interested in financial reports. He argues that these reports make it possible for the management of a firm to plan for the future and monitor performance. He says a career in accounting offers lucrative growth opportunities even in times of recessions.
Main Body He reveals that, after attaining a bachelor’s degree in accounting, he worked for Wells Fargo in its foreign exchange department. He later became an AR Coordinator at Moscone Center before he left and later became a public accountant. He has worked in various industries in the country as an auditor before getting employed by the City of San Francisco. He has served both private and public clients in different industries.
He cites the independence with which he is able to perform his duties as one thing he likes most about his job. He seems to like the freedom that comes with his current position because he is able to set his own work schedules. He says that he likes working at his own pace because this helps him manage his workload better.
He says meeting rude taxpayers who come to his office once in a while is the least favorite aspect of his job. He finds fault with them because they do not respect their civic duty to pay taxes. He says this has been a blessing in disguise to him because he has learnt better ways of solving problems. He insists that his employer has the required legal authority to collect taxes from taxpayers. The auditor reveals that most taxpayers who visit his office are polite and understanding.
He reveals that, while studying to become an accountant, he did not expect that he would be writing a lot of reports in his career. He has had to deal with it because he submits weekly audit reports as well as work progress reports to the management from time to time.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He says his typical day starts at 6.45 am when he wakes up and arrives at work by 8.00 am. His principal discusses with him work related issues that happened the previous week. The rest of the day is spent serving taxpayers or compiling audit reports in his office. Sometimes, he goes out to inspect business firms and audits their financial records. He also goes to the board on specific days whenever taxpayers lodge appeals to brief the board of his findings.
He says that if he had known how his career would be like many years ago, he would still choose to be an accountant.
His advice to anyone that wants to join this field is, “take up relevant volunteer work in accounting field prior to graduation to help fill out your resume.” He insists that this is the best way to get real life work experience.
Nectar Boutique Essay essay help online: essay help online
Nectar Boutique is an e-commerce website that sells women and children’s clothing, shoes and other accessories. It also sell household goods, although their specialty is mainly clothing. In addition to selling their products online, they have brick and mortar boutiques situated at two locations.
That is, Claremont and Redlands in California. Nectar Boutique was founded in 2005 by David Kelly and his wife Tricia, initially starting as a designer shop, Jean Boutique, in Redlands. They started selling their products online in 2011, expanding Nectar Boutique countrywide and then worldwide under www.nectarclothing.com. The boutique continues to grow, with the owners planning to open a new store annually (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
To purchase Nectar Boutique’s products online, all the customer has to do is log in to the boutique’s website, www.nectarclothing.com. The site contains all the details concerning the products for sale, including pictures, sizes, prices and payment methods and options. The customer then chooses the product he wishes to purchase and informs customer care service via e-mail or telephone.
After informing customer care service on the specifications and preferences of the product, the customer provides his postal details or physical address to which she wants the product delivered. Specifications could be in terms of the color and size. The most commonly used payment method is through credit card.
The customer provides Nectar Boutique with his credit card number, facilitating the payment of the product together with the shipping costs. Once this is done, the product is delivered via post or to the customer’s doorstep, depending on the distance from the nearest store (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
As a business entity, Nectar Boutique is very reliable. This is shown by the positive reviews that the boutique gets from its customers. They have fine tuned their product mix with experience in the industry stretching several years. The boutique associates only with manufacturers of brands that make the best quality products at affordable prices. Such brands provide them with products that are of high quality and of the latest fashions at affordable wholesale prices.
This enables them to sell their products cheaply. One attractive feature of their products is that they sell their products both online and through physical stores. This provides customers with a wide variety of avenues to make purchases. In addition, they offer free shipping for bulk purchases exceeding a given amount. They also offer free gifts for every purchase (About Nectar Boutique, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Perhaps the only unfavorable aspect about Nectar Boutique is that they do not have many stores located within the United States. Although they plan to expand in the future, for now customers have to contend with just two brick and mortar stores, all located in California. Moreover, the shipping charges increase for products ordered via the internet from outside the state. However, these are minor setbacks that Nectar Boutique is putting a lot of effort to overcome as soon as possible.
E-commerce has some aspects that are both favorable and non-favorable. According to Fecenko and Huntley (2003), a company such as Nectar Boutique can have a difficult time convincing people to purchase their products online. This is because there is a lot of competition, with companies having to win the trust of customers before they can make any sales.
Having customers access an e-commerce website is one thing, but making them provide their credit card number and make a purchase is another thing altogether. However, e-commerce enables businesses to reach more customs, since there are no geographical limitations.
References About Nectar Boutique. (2012). Nectar Boutique. Retrieved from https://nectarclothing.com/
Getting Tongue-Tied: When the English Language Starts Dominating Rhetorical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction: The Domination of the English Language
Logos: Follow the Train of the Author’s Ideas
Pathos: Under the Spur of the Moment. The Emotional Core
Ethos: Questioning the Author’s Credibility
Conclusion: More than Words Can Ever Say
Introduction: The Domination of the English Language There is no surprise that the role of the English language has increased considerably over the past few decades. Being an international means of communication, English has become the tool that bridges cultures. However, when it comes to English and the national minorities inhabiting the USA, the domination of the former creates the conflict between the English language and the one of the nations in question. Considering the article on the issue by Jameison, one can possibly find the solution to the problem.
Logos: Follow the Train of the Author’s Ideas The first thing to speak of, Jameison’s reasoning is rather impressive. It is essential that the author not only suggests his theories concerning the language acquisition, driving parallels between language and other elements of culture: “For them, the expectation that immigrants will celebrate this country’s holidays, dress as Americans dress, embrace American values, and most importantly speak English is not unreasonable” (Jameison, 2011, 263).
Like a brilliant public speaker he is, Jameison offers sufficient evidence to support his ideas: “For example, when a judge in Texas ruled that a mother was abusing her five-year-old girl by speaking to her only in Spanish, an uproar ensued” (Jameison, 2011, 265). Hence, Jameison’s logos is perfect.
Pathos: Under the Spur of the Moment. The Emotional Core Another important element which helps Jameison convey his ideas efficiently is the appeal to the emotions of the readers. However, it is also worth mentioning that Jameison does not abuse his ability to make the writing emotional; most elements of pathos come in the form of rhetoric questions: “What is this world coming to when people want to speak and make transactions in their native language? Why do they refuse to change and become more like us?” (Jameison, 2011, 265). Therefore, Jameison’s pathos is subtle enough to be efficient and obvious enough to make the article vivid.
Ethos: Questioning the Author’s Credibility However, there is one more component that contributes to the efficiency of the argument most. No matter how reasonable one can be, there is no way to convince people without a decent reputation as a backup. Once the author lives up to the standards which (s)he sets, the audience is most likely to believe in everything that the author has to say, which is the clear-cut case of Jameison and his article.
Although the former does provide sufficient arguments, it is also the narrator’s image that shapes the readers’ attitude. Mentioning that he wrote this article as a student, Jameison makes it clear to the readers that he has been using analytical thinking and unique approach to problem-solving since his being a student. Hence, the trust between Jameison and readers is established.
Conclusion: More than Words Can Ever Say Therefore, it is obvious that, with the help of well thought-out argument and sophisticated structure of his paper, Jameison has managed to convey the essence of the conflict and offer sufficient arguments in favor of promoting the languages of other nationalities. It is important that each of the three elements, i.e., pathos, logos and ethos, are exactly in their places and serve to enhance the argument. Despite some minor slips, the article gets its key message across in the most efficient way possible.
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Comparative Advantage Essay best essay help
Comparative advantage can be defined as the efficiency of a country or a state to produce a certain commodity at a lower opportunity cost compared to another another country. This applies to international trade where a country can produce a certain good or service at a cheaper cost than another nation. Therefore, it only makes sense for the other country to buy from the producing country as it will be cost effective.
International trade refers to the exchange of goods and service between two countries at a price, which is accepted by both countries. A theory can be defined as a discipline of critical thinking and shared ideology on a given topic in science. Thus, the comparative advantage trade theory refers to a clear understanding of the trade that exists between countries that depend on each other for goods and services. In this case, one country can find a market for its goods.
On the other hand, the other country can purchase goods at a cheaper price than it would use to produce the same goods. One country is more efficient than the other in producing certain products. Therefore, it makes sense when both countries get involved in the business. In this case, the country that purchases the goods will shift some of the manufacturing attention to other goods that it can produce at an efficient cost.
Comparative advantage compares the efficiency of the country to produce a product at a cheaper cost than another country given the same economic conditions. There exists a relationship of co-existence between two countries. In this regard, each country can produce a commodity that it can produce cheaply and purchase the ones it cannot produce efficiently (Leamer, 46).
Economics refers to the discipline that focuses on the production, distribution, and consumption of products. It helps to understand the forces of demand and supply that exists in the market. Market forces dictate how certain goods are produced and offered in the market in an effort to satisfy the needs of customers. Thus, in a given economy, it is very hard to produce all goods and service that the economy may require.
Therefore, international trade should be introduced to cater for any commodity that a country may not be able to produce efficiently. A comparative advantage exists if two states differ in technological abilities and resource availability. Therefore, one country can engage in the production of certain goods or services at a lower cost than the other country. This comparative advantage may be as a result of a country having cheap labor or due to availability of capital to produce the given product.
A country may be strategically located in a place where there are raw materials and thus being able to save on transport cost and purchase of the raw materials. Economies of scale favor international trade as production cost fall due to the scale of production. For example, it becomes cheaper to produce larger quantities of goods than producing a small quantity of goods under the same production process. Comparative advantage has been the backbone of international trade and its development.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It has also led to increased efficiency in the country’s industrial production. International trade helps to promote world peace through efficient co-existence between trading partners. Good relations are enhanced through international trade as the countries depend on each other for the production and distribution of goods and services. International trade helps countries to earn foreign exchange, which is vital to facilitate stability of their currency (Maneschi, 12-15).
Comparative advantage allows a country to specialize in the production of a given commodity. Therefore, this country can purchase other commodities that are available in other countries at a much cheaper price compared to the cost of producing such goods under the current economic status.
A country can make good use of the available resources like human skills, education, and talent combined with enhanced machinery to produce goods and services. The country should then establish a better way to acquire the goods and service that it is not able to produce within its economy.
Therefore, the best way is to acquire such goods and services from other countries that can produce them at a low production cost. International trade facilitates the use of the factors of production in an effective and efficient manner. However, this can be costly due to taxes and tariffs imposed on the importation of the goods. Nonetheless, it helps to eradicate delays and low supply of goods.
International trade helps to promote relations between trading partners through the exchange of technology and production skills that increase production scale. Sharing of information and skills is enhanced through international trade where the citizens of these countries share culture. Transport and other infrastructure are improved through international trade as the exchange of goods and service promote the need to have developed transport system (Maneschi, 18-21).
Conclusion Comparative advantage is brought about by one country having a better opportunity cost in the production of a commodity than the other. Comparative advantage has been instrumental in promoting international trade where countries or states exchange goods and service at an agreed price and terms. International trade helps to promote world peace and stabilizes the economies of different countries through the exchange of information and technology.
Works Cited Leamer, Edward. Sources of International Comparative Advantage: Theory and Evidence. Cambridge, Mass. u.a: MIT Pr, 1984. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparative Advantage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Maneschi, Andrea. Comparative Advantage in International Trade: A Historical Perspective. Cheltenham u.a.: Elgar, 1998. Print.
Concept of Leadership Skills Research Paper essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
How to be a good leader
Introduction A leader can be defined as someone with the ability to guide and lead others by inspiring them to follow him or her. A leader should influence people to achieve a common goal under his or her guidance through power, vision, and direction. A leader should possess leadership skills that are vital to ensure that he or she can influence people to follow him or her.
Its true leadership skills can be learned and improved by practicing good leadership qualities. A leader has to be someone who can form a realm and inspire them through motivation to be better team players. A good leader should always meet and train his or her teammates and maintain a good working relationship with them at all times.
Setting objectives for all members of the team is a crucial characteristic of a leader. A leader should evaluate the strength and weakness of the members of his or her team and try to harness the best combination to tackle a given task. Thus, the concept of leadership skill is a clear understanding of how a leader can effectively influence people with his or her ethics, beliefs, values, and character (Rossiter, 2009).
A skill refers to the technical knowledge that a person possesses, which helps him undertake a certain task or responsibility. A leader should be differentiated from a boss. In this case, a leader is interactive and open to his or her team members while a boss holds an authoritative figure over the team.
A boss does not involve his team in decision making while a leader involves the team members to make contributions regarding a given decision. A good leader should be trustworthy and instill confidence among team members who view him as their liaison figure in the team. Good communication skills are critical for a good leader as they help him to share information, views, and ideas with team members (Hughes, Ginnett
Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges Research Paper essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Overview of Mass Migration
Causes of Mass Migration
Side A: Against migration
Side B: For migration
Introduction For several decades now, the world has been experiencing mass migration. Mass migration is no longer a new phenomenon since it has existed for several decades, dating back to the 18th century to 20th century with numerous reasons aligning this migration (Bertocchi and Strozzi 2).
Historically, this movement was conventionally nomadic with pastoralists moving in search of pasture and water. Currently, the contemporary migration does not associate with the historical form of migration. With the existing global state of socio-economical exertion, environmental calamities, political issues, insecurity, and persecutions worldwide, several cities and towns across the world experience an influx in population (Hatton and Williamson 6).
This mass migration of citizens from one region to another, specifically migration to towns, is in most cases associated with several negative impacts including demographic challenges, insecurity, and even environmental crises. Even though migration is a politically and socially contested issue, it is unknown as to when it will end. This essay seeks to exploit mass migration in relation to demographic challenges.
Overview of Mass Migration Human mass migration is the physical movement of people from one region to another. Historically, human migration was nomadic with pastoralists covering several kilometers to access pasture and water. However, nowadays things have changed with the world witnessing massive people migration from rural suburbs to urban environs (Department of Economic and Social Affairs 56-75).
Nations across the world, both in developing and developed countries, have received this aspect with mixed reactions with several governments getting confused on what measures to take as international immigration seems a crucial matter.
This element has thus become a major challenge with most governments failing to provide accurate strategies to overcome human migration. Another term covering human migration is international migration, which defines how individuals or groups of persons move from country to country (Department of Economic and Social Affairs 148).
There are numerous reasons to considerable factors that trigger this migration with each continent or country bearing different judgments. Migration in a country depicts the place’s openness, modernity, and its enthusiasm towards adapting to global economic evolution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Causes of Mass Migration Numerous factors have led to migration of people around the globe. Economical differences and demographic factors are the major challenges towards curbing migration in the world (Hatton and Williamson 11). The prevailing status of socio-economic differences and the existing environmental hardships have continuously triggered mass migration.
Cities in developing and underdeveloped countries are economically unfit, thus forcing citizens to shift from their respective countries to other countries, which are prospering economically. According to Bakker, Elings-Pels, and Reis, people migrate to “seek better economic and educational opportunities” (5). The realm of population growth and economic hardships in developing countries have greatly imparted on the trends of international migration with individuals believing in better socio-economic status of those residing in towns.
The world population might eventually grow from 6.555 billion to 9.243 billion in the year 2050 if corrective measures are not enforced (Smith 620). People associate London and New York with immense historical social, cultural, and economical strengths. This conception pulls immigrants into these two cities in search for better lives.
Side A: Against migration As immigration tends to harbor some imperativeness, the negatives associated to this practice are non-ignorable. Several studies have demonstrated how migration is more harmful than assumed. Immigration and migration practices are associated with numerous misfortunes and repercussions (Hatton and Jeffrey 22).
Starting with population and city governance, immigrants have caused problems towards the management of population in cities. City councils and the respective governing bodies have received extreme challenges in controlling urban population, which mostly results from population surge caused by immigrants. Due to increased population in towns and cities, government expenditure budgets shoot to enhance basic improvements and accommodate the residents around cities (Martin and Widgre 34).
The cities or local authorities face the task of ensuring that there is a maximum security, thus migration forces these authorities to increase their budget to suit the demanding needs of the city. Some quarters opine that most cities have been unable to manage census activities, which play significant roles in maintaining population size, with evidence indicating inaccurate figures of numerous cities’ censuses.
Statistics reveal that recently, international immigration has posed a danger to the world’s largest cities including New York in the US and London in England.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In London, estimates divulge that for a period of about 20 years, the published TIM series “suggest that London (with just 12 per cent of the national population) was associated with 40 per cent of the inflows, 30 per cent of the outflows, and absorbed 67 per cent of the net balance of overseas immigration” (Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead 21). This aspect depicts that there are several immigrants finding their way into England.
This aspect only associate with the continuing supremacy of New York and London, by managing this population through provision sustainable labor, but threatening to the natives. In special attention to New York, the city is only benefitting from growth in tax margins as the population grows and economic performances prosper. However, New York also spends a lot in maintaining the population by providing maximum security and employment.
Migration is also a threat to security. Due to the influx of population into big cities and migration to developed countries, controlling insecurity is a problem. Cases of terrorism attacks, cruel murders, assassinations, kidnappings, persecution, and racial and religious conflicts are eminent security matters bothering growing cities and towns.
Big towns and cities are hiding places for criminals and insurgents who migrate to towns to commit their crimes. Martin and Widgre note that in the process of migrating into developed countries, “migrants attempting to sail or march into rich countries, threaten their security” (5).
This aspect forces the respective countries to overspend in their budget to increase vigilance (Bauer and Zimmermann 7), which may in turn lead to economic constraints. In developed countries, especially the United States, estimates reveal that the state’s expenditure on security issues is continuously increasing, and billions of dollars consumed in an attempt to maintain peace and security (Karoly 7). Migration has also led to congestion in the city suburbs resulting to insecurity.
Migration has also resulted in increased living costs and poor living standards that are threatening the social standards expected in every nation. Generally, the housing structures and resources available in these cities rarely manage to accommodate the population increase resulting from migration. According to Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead, since the respective governments cannot afford to construct adequate rentals for the population, privatization of land appears to dominate most cities and towns (42).
As a result, of land privatization, there is an increased rental rate. In developing countries, private rental sectors become opportunistic to the existing population pressures in towns, thus engaging in developing sub-standard shelters including slums, shanties, and others where low income earners residing in these towns seek asylum.
This situation tends to affect the living standards of people for there is a significant increase in insecurity, poor healthcare, and poverty. Most commonly, due to population surge, immigrants in developing countries suffer from poor living standards due to their low-income status resulting from low paying jobs.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Mass Migrations and Demographic Challenges by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Side B: For migration Studies carried across the world have ignited an endless debate about mass migration. Some people support the movement while others oppose it. Bauer and Zimmermann assert that mass migration has led to some inevitable significance based on facts to support this importance (22).
Several cities across the world have benefitted from this migration in different dimensions. To begin with, mass migration has significantly influenced economic growth of cities receiving migrants. Increase in population rates in these cities has led to success in overall economic terms on one hand.
The migration aspect associates world big cities, especially London and New York, with powerful economic achievements. According to Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead, migration into such cities is due to “their openness, economic vitality, existing cultural diversity and concentrations of economic and social power” (9). These cities gain economic progress through taxation. London authorities receive additional tax acquiesce due to subsequent growth in their council tax that may result from increased city population.
Still on economic terms, some migrants visit places not due to their poor economical issues, but rather as tourists. Globally, countries commonly acknowledge that tourists form the backbone of economic growth. However, this aspect is mainly beneficial to developing countries as they receive funds and foreign exchange resulting from tourists’ visits into their countries.
Karoly asserts that immigrants have improved labor markets in the countries involved because immigrants have are distinct sources of labor (7). According to studies carried on labor importation practiced by European countries in early 1950s and 1960, “more elastic labor supply allowed faster economic growth without inflation” (Gordon, Travers, and Whitehead 47).
With the absence of barriers to social and economic issues, these immigrants provide a sustainable source of labor to the respective countries, thus improving the labor force. Despite the large supply of labor by immigrants to cities like London and New York, there is no evidence that indicates that migrants are the cause of increased unemployment rates in these regions.
Migration has harmonized peaceful co-existence between countries. Due to the aspect of migration, different races have the opportunity to share their cultural experiences cohesively enabling them to live peacefully with each other as communities. Globalization has enabled people to realize different opportunities across the world and enhance peaceful co-existence between races and nations with tourists playing a major role.
Martin and Widgre assert, “Tourism has become a major industry, as people cross national borders to experience new cultures or the wonders of nature” (8). The growing trend in migration has influenced how individuals live and imparted some significant changes in cultural values of communities, tribes, and races.
In cities like London and New York, immigration has enhanced social housing and social mix of people from different edges of the world (Hatton and Williamson 19). Despite the negative views of numerous studies on immigration, its importance is not ignorable as peaceful integration and cohesion among nations is of great importance of which immigration has influenced.
The current world has experienced massive changes in relation to environmental issues. Smith asserts, “As climate change and its associated processes result in more intense storms, sea level rise, or other cataclysmic environmental events, as some scientific studies are predicting, these events are likely to generate large numbers of environmental migrants or refugees” (618).
This observation is viable because such environmental hazards threaten human lives forcing people to migrate from their abodes in search of better places. Climate change adversely affects the availability of natural resources that significantly support life.
Therefore, in the context of changes in climate, several calamities occur including floods, which do not favor agricultural wellness, thus forcing migrants to move to towns or big cities to fight for their fate, causing great population surge in the towns (Ward 6). Therefore, as human as quality of life remains the most important, migration protects people from hazards that are threat to life.
Personal Opinion Migration is arguably among the worlds biggest contemporary issues. Almost every country is suffering from this global challenge and is often a politically contested subject in the world.
According to the U.S. statistics, “about a third of the 191 million international migrants today have moved from one developing country to another, with another third moving from developing to developed countries” (Smith 619). People, especially leaders, have received immigration with different perceptions and opinions with some objecting and others proposing to it.
However, none is to blame for this confusion since the world is still growing and the majority of people hardly know how challenging the immigration subject seems. As cities security, annual expenditures, and the welfare of the native remain crucial, survival of every human being and quality of life is more important. Both the merits and demerits of migration are equally important towards ensuring survival.
In fact, the world is far from fully maturing economically, and thus migration is currently an insurmountable problem. It might eventually end depending on the pace at which the world grows and the strategies put in place to counter the problem. Personally, I do not think immigration is a bad thing and with proper planning and policymaking, any country can reap from the benefits of immigration.
Conclusion Migration is among the most politically and socially contested matters in the current world of globalization. Migration, which implies movement of people from region to another, has proved challenging to numerous countries across the world. European countries entertained migration after the Second World War, with a major aim of acquiring labor force from persons from developing countries.
This move could not come at a better time as people living under stressful and tight socio-economic in third world countries would do anything to get to Europe. Migration has enhanced economic growth in developed countries by providing powerful labor force, improved taxation rates that are significant financial support to local authorities, and encouraged peaceful co-existence, which is vital for economic interdependence among nations.
However, migration has led to other serious problems in big cities and towns including increased government expenditures, upheavals in maintaining peace and security, and poor living standards of immigrants living in these towns and capital cities. Therefore, governments need to come up with an appropriate solution to migration dilemma.
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Bauer, Thomas, and Klaus Zimmermann. Assessment of Possible Migration Pressure and its Labor Market Impact Following EU Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe, 1999. Web.
Bertocchi, Graziella, and Chiara Strozzi. The Age of Mass Migration: Economic and Institutional Determinants, 2006. Web.
Department of Economic and Social Affairs. “Population distribution, urbanization, Internal migration and development: An internal perspective, 2011. Web.
Gordon, Ian, Tony Travers, and Christine Whitehead. The Impact of Recent Immigration on the London Economy, 2007. Web.
Hatton, Timothy, and Geoffrey Williamson. The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.
Karoly, Lorant. The demographic challenge in Europe, 2005. Web.
Martin, Philip, and Jonas Widgre. “International Migration: Facing the Challenge.” The population reference bureau 57.1 (2002): 3-40. Print.
Smith, Paul. “Climate Change, Mass Migration and the Military Response.” Orbis 51.4 (2007): 617-633. Print.
Ward, David. Population Growth, Migration and Urbanization, 2012. Web.