Table of Contents Introduction
Causes of the Civil War
Outcomes of the Civil War
Why the Union Won
Introduction The American Civil War stands out as the most devastating conflict ever to have been waged on American soil. In this deadly war, the Northern States went into battle against the Southern States for the sake of preserving the unity of the Union of States. The Southern States had threatened to break apart from the union and establish their own independent states.
This threat was acted upon when eleven Southern States seceded from the Union in 1860 and declared themselves independent. The Northern States, under the Lincoln Administrations, therefore reacted by taking up arms to go into battle against the Southern rebels. The American Civil War therefore began in 1861 and lasted for the next 4 years during which hundreds of thousands of lives were lost.
This war had a lasting impact on the destiny of the USA and Americans continue to commemorate the events of the Civil War through an array of public events inducing reenactments. This paper will set out to describe the American Civil War with focus being given to the causes of the conflict and the main outcomes of the war. The paper will also highlight some of the reasons why the Union forces emerged victorious in this historical war.
Causes of the Civil War The election of the strong Republican, Abraham Lincoln as the US president triggered the start of the Civil War. The seceding states explicitly stated that Lincoln’s election was the reason why they decided to pull out of the Union at that moment. During his rise to prominence, Lincoln had articulated a firm antislavery position (Ford 91).
Lincoln held the opinion that the phrase “all men are created equal” uttered by the founding fathers applied to both White and Black Americans. His convictions and ideals led him to make a pledge that he would stop the westward expansion of slavery that the Southerners were lobbying for and actively financing. Lincoln’s presidency marked a radical break with the past and it was seen as a break from the domination of the Slaveholders in State affairs.
His election into the highest office in the land was therefore seen as a threat by the Southerners who were adamant in their will to preserve slavery and the norms of the white society dependent upon that institution. Lincoln’s inauguration as president was quickly followed by the secession of seven southern states and the formation of a Union of Confederate States of America. Within three months, four more states had joined the confederacy making the total number of seceding state eleven.
The issue of the amount of power held by the States and how much was vested in the Federal government served as a primary cause of the Civil War. The Confederacy wanted power the greater amount of power to lie with the states since according to them, the United Colonies “”are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States” (Swindler 166).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, the Union supported a strong central government that would have more power than the constituent states. This division led to the Southern States moving towards secession since they were of the opinion that the individual states should be able to act independently on issues that affected them.
The expansionist politics endorsed by the United States contributed to the breakout of the Civil War. Americans were engaged in an endeavor to expand further into the West, conquering territory until they reached the Pacific Ocean. Disagreements arose over what policies would be applied to the new territories.
While the Northerners were interested in abolishing slavery in the new territory, the Southerners were keen to ensure that this institution was preserved in the new lands. In an attempt to come up with a solution to the issue, politicians invented the Henry Clay Compromise of 1850.
This compromise comprised of resolutions that would ensure that the interests of the North and the South were protected in the expansion. Ford observes that while these resolutions were able to strike a balance between the free and slave states for a while, the South did not fully honor the resolutions (255). Southern States continued to push for slavery in the new states and eventually succeeded, leading to the outbreak of the civil war.
The issue of slavery was very divisive since the societies in the northern and southern states had different economic and social structures. Due to the economic and cultural background of the Northerners, this population took a firm stand against slavery. Renowned politicians from the North such as Abraham Lincoln called made their anti-slavery stand known and opposed expansion of slavery into the new lands in the West. Southern leaders were pro-slavery and according to them, this institution was crucial to the economic well-being of the South.
Slave ownership was “the cornerstone of Southern wealth, security, and well being” and protecting the slavery institution was a necessary step to guard the material interests of the Confederate whites. As such, the Confederate soldiers entered military service to defend the supremacy of white persons and property (Gallagher and Engle 311). On the other hand, the Union side saw the abolition of slavery as key to preserving the union of the State.
Outcomes of the Civil War The most important outcome of the Civil War is that it led to a decisive victory by the Union Forces. With the defeat of the secessionists, the reunification of the United States under the Federal Constitution was achieved. The Confederacy idea was abandoned as the Southerners had to come back to the Union since they had been defeated in the war.
We will write a custom Report on The American Civil War Causes and Outcomes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As the victorious side, the Union was able to impose its vision of the country. A stronger union of the states was established and the states became “a United States” (Gallagher and Engle 311). The post Civil War government was highly centralized and it wielded great power. The federal government established its dominance over the states and it has continued to do so ever since.
The war led to many deaths and casualties as soldiers and civilians made sacrifices for their sides. By the end of the war, the Confederacy had incurred a loss of more than 260,000 soldiers while the Union suffered from a loss of over 360,000 Federal soldiers.
The higher number of Union soldiers’ deaths, was caused by the fact that the Union forces had to engage in the attacking while the Confederate forces simply defended their territory. Ford reveals that the high number of troop deaths in the war was because the objective of the war was to weaken or destroy the opposing army and not to gain any geographical territory (132).
The War imposed a huge financial burden on the country as resources had to be dedicated to war efforts by both sides. The Union dedicated its industrial efforts to aiding the war while the south also channeled money to the war efforts.
Over the course of its existence, the war is estimated to have cost in excess of $20 billion. Ford notes that this figure was 30 times larger than the federal government’s budget in the year before the war (34). While both sides suffered from financial strain because of the war, the Southern economy received the greater damages.
Before the war, the North already boasted of a stronger economy and a better-developed infrastructure. The war was more damaging to the South since the North had a larger and better-equipped army. The agriculturally based economy of the South was devastated as Northern troops destroyed plantations during the war. Historians document that the devastation of the war on the Confederacy side was so great that it took six decades for the Southern states to get back to their pre-Civil War agricultural productivity (Woodworth 563).
The War led to the disruption of the lives of citizens in the North and the South. While most of the war was waged by soldiers against their opponent soldiers, civilians sometimes fell victim of attacks. In some cases, unruly troops set fire upon plantations leading to great loss of property and even lives.
The lack of Federal protection to the people of the seceding states in the south made civilians vulnerable to opportunistic attacks from thugs. Troops often burned down buildings therefore destroying towns that they had conquered. The destruction of the war did not end with the official surrender of the Southern states. Many insurrections followed the defeat of the confederacy as rebels continued to wage war against the Northern States and generally devastate community life.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The American Civil War Causes and Outcomes by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Civil War led to the official abolition of slavery in the United States. In 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves who were in the areas currently under Confederate military control. Through the emancipation policies, Lincoln effectively linked the preservation of the Union with the abolition of slavery.
When the war ended in 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified therefore ensuring that the American Constitution would guarantee the freedom of all slaves (Woodworth 568). The Southerners who had fought to preserve the slavery institution were embittered by this outcome since they had to set their slaves free. In spite of the black population achieving their freedom because of the war, the white society continued to prevent them from exploiting its benefits fully (Woodworth 568)
The war led to the political dominance of Northern Republicans. Before the war, the Southerners had had the greatest influence in American politics.
During the War, the Confederate states were out of the Union and this allowed the Northerners to pass a number of acts in Congress that had been considered before the war but were blocked by Southern economic and political interests (Woodworth 560). Without the Southerners, the Northern politicians were able to implement acts that promoted western expansion and the interest of the Northerners.
Why the Union Won The states making up the Union were more industrialized and their army had military superiority to the less industrialized confederacy. Due to the higher level of industrialization, the North was able to produce weapons more efficiently that the South.
Historians document that the north was able to purchase over 1.4 million artillery rounds and 260 million small-arms cartridges from Northern munitions makers in a year while the Confederacy produced only 150 million small-arms cartridges for the entire duration of the war (Gallagher and Engle 311).
The Union had over 700 naval vessels engaged in the war efforts. Most of these vessels were ironclad, making them formidable machines of naval warfare. In contrast to this, the Confederacy had almost none, making it impossible for the South to wage any naval attack against the North. This overwhelming advantage in weaponry by the Northern army gave them a significant advantage over the Confederacy and contributed to their ultimate victory.
The naval blockade by the Union contributed to the victory of the North. As an economy based on agricultural products, the South was heavily reliant on the foreign exchange earned by exporting their products through the Atlantic and the Gulf Coast. The South was also dependent on goods from outside since the region was not as industrialized as the North or other European countries. During the Civil War, President Lincoln called for a blockade that was aimed at preventing the South from receiving supplies and arms.
Gallagher and Engle state that this ever-tightening blockade was very effective and by 1865, it had succeeded in choking off imports to the Confederacy almost completely (311). As a result, the southern economy was crippled since ship operators were unwilling to have their ships confiscated by the Union Forces or destroyed. With little activity at the Southern ports, the Southern armies experienced a shortage of suppliers and ammunition as the war carried on.
The Union was able to sustain its economic activities even during the duration of the war. The industrial capability of the Northern states ensured that they exhibited growth even during the war. These states were able to sell off surplus industrial products overseas and earn foreign currency (Ford 56). In contrast to this, the South experienced economic stagnation or even deteriorated during the period of the war. The economic realities of the South led to high inflation rates and a general negative attitude towards the war by southerners.
The population of the warring parties also had some impact on the outcome of the war. Specifically, the Union had a larger population than the Confederacy. Some scholars argue that the Union won because of its overwhelming numbers. This argument is supported by the fact that while the Confederacy mustered close to 900,000 soldiers, the North was able to employ over two million soldiers (Gallagher and Engle 311).
The impact that great human and military resources had on the outcomes of the war was acknowledged by the Confederate Leader General Robert E. Lee who declared in his farewell address that “the Confederate Army has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers of resources” (Gallagher and Engle 311). By harnessing the vast resources that the North boasted, the political and military leaders of the Union were able to achieve the military might necessary to win the war.
Conclusion This paper set out to provide a detailed discussion of the Civil War between the American North and South. It begun by nothing that the election of Abraham Lincoln triggered the secession that led to an outbreak of the war. Both sides were determined to win the war and due to this resolve, the war dragged on from 1861 to 1865.
The war resulted in the victory of the Union and the abolition of slavery in the US. The paper has highlighted that the overwhelming resources in population, industrialization, and infrastructure, strong leadership and a great commitment to the war enabled the Union to win the war.
Works Cited Ford, Lacy. A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction, New York: John Wiley
Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace Research Paper essay help
Professional’s Women’s Clothing and Accessories for Interviews in America Wearing the right accessories to an interview is an important part of making the right impression in an interview. The importance of wearing the right accessory is especially important for women. Experts say that female accessories differ from “normal” wear because few accessories make a better impression of the interviewee.
Similarly, experts say it is incorrect for female interviewees to wear too many accessories because wearing too many accessories does not create a humble impression of their personalities. Similarly, it is crucial for women to wear accessories that complement their clothing, as opposed to overwhelming it.
Concerning jewelry, some experts say women should refrain from wearing a dangling jewelry (like dangling earrings) in an interview. Similarly, women should not wear many bracelets in an interview. Women should also conceal tattoos and piercings because they are inappropriate for interviews.
Therefore, depending on where interviewees have their tattoo, it is advisable for women to consider covering it for the duration of the interview. Experts also advise that wearing hats in interviews is disrespectful to the interviewers because it is unprofessional for first time interviewees to wear hats. This requirement applies to any type of interview. Relatively, women should not wear hooded jackets, or informal clothing such as sweat pants because they have hats or extensions on their fabric.
Women should also refrain from wearing extensively high-heeled shoes in interviews because it is inappropriate for fist time interviewees to wear such shoes in their first appearance at interviews. Since making a good impression in an interview is very important to the interviewee, women should also refrain from wearing platform shoes.
Instead, closed-toe pumps are appropriate for interviews. A neutral color is most desirable. If a woman wears an outfit that has a provision for a belt, she should have a matching belt. Alternatively, the belt could match any other accessory that the woman wears (such as a bag or a pair of shoes).
When it comes to hair and makeup, professionals advise women to have simple hairdos and wear minimal makeup to exude humility during the interview. Here, women should always be subtle with their hairstyles and avoid excessive makeup on their hair as well.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Simplicity is therefore important in wearing the right hairstyles because scrunches and big hair clips are undesirable for interviews. The same assumption is true for nail polish because long and brightly colored nails are undesirable for interviews. In fact, the interviewer should not notice a woman’s nail color. The failure to accessorize correctly may manifest in a woman showing up to an interview in a bright red dress, with matching nail polish and shoes.
Broadly, it is important to maintain a conservative look always. Women should also wear minimal shades of cologne because wearing strong colognes may irritate some interviewers. Indeed, while one’s cologne may seem desirable to the interviewee, it may remind the interviewer of an ex-husband or ex-wife. It is therefore crucial to ensure that subliminal negative attitudes do not creep in the interview and ruin the chances of bagging a job. Here, wearing no cologne, or perfume, at all (or conservatively wearing the same) is most desirable.
Finally, a woman’s purse is a great accessory for an ordinary day. However, in interviews, many rules apply when accessorizing a woman’s attire. While it may be useful to store resumes and other documents in the purse, it is crucial to wear sizeable bags with a neutral color.
Excessively big handbags and brightly colored purses are undesirable for interviews. Comprehensively, women should strive to ensure they make a positive impression in the interview room and refrain from letting the interviewers make a wrong impression of them (based on their dressing styles and accessories).
Professional Men’s clothing and Accessories for Interviews in America The rules for appropriate dressing in interviews are more lenient for men than women. Indeed, while women may have a difficult time choosing the right attire from a selection of clothing styles, men are usually appropriately dressed when they have a suit. In a professional business interview, men should wear a fitting suit.
The importance of a fitting suit cannot be overemphasized. For example, dress pants should be fitting (with the length of the dress pant ending an inch above the sole of the shoe). Similarly, the shoulders of a coat should not be boxy, or stretch beyond the real length of the wearer’s shoulder. Besides making a good impression, wearing a tailored suit gives the interviewee a competent and mature look.
Like women accessories, conservative dressing is an important part of male interview attire. For example, dressing in a conservative or subtle color is an important part of appropriate interview dressing. Similarly, it is important for such colors to complement the suit. In other words, the colors should look like they match the suit.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, it is not advisable to wear bright pink ties and similar formal wear for interviews. However, the addition of patterns to the formal wear may be justified when an interviewee wears a plain shirt. Nonetheless, it is important that this addition is tasteful. The color of the belt should also match the shoe color, but when an interviewee is in doubt, it is always safe to wear a black belt and a black pair of shoes.
Since having a tie is an important formal accessory for men, it is equally crucial to understand the best knot to have on the tie. Men may choose a variety of knots, depending on their body types. For example, men with relatively long necks may find a full Windsor knot to be the most appropriate wear. This is because the knot makes the neck look shorter because of its expansive width. Conversely, a narrower Windsor knot is appropriate for men who have short necks because the knot makes short necks look longer.
Concerning accessories, French cuff shirts and cufflinks are unnecessary in an interview setting. The reason advanced for their inappropriateness stems from the fact that they are “a little fancy” for a first time interview. However, it is right to wear a fancy watch and possibly a fancy looking pen.
Relatively, men should refrain from wearing jewelry to an interview. However, as noted above, exceptions exist for watches and (possibly) wedding bands. Male interviewees are also discouraged from wearing white socks to an interview. The most appropriate style is to wear socks that match the color of the pants. The socks should also be high enough to conceal the legs, even if the interviewee sits. It is not always appropriate to show the leg skin.
Finally, concerning facial hair, it is not mandatory for men to shave all their facial hair, but the existence of facial hair should demonstrate that the person maintains it well. The bottom-line of male dressing and clothing in America rests in demonstrating professionalism and neatness. This way, it will be easier for the interviewers to remember the interviewee (based on their talk and not their attire).
Casual or Relaxed Clothing and Accessories in the American Workplace Often, dress codes outline the written and unwritten rules regarding what employees should and should not wear at work. Dress codes are widely used to regulate employee clothing by defining what is acceptable in the workplace, and what is unacceptable.
The same provisions regulate workplace dressing by outlining what is appropriate and inappropriate for the workplace context. It is through such dress codes that clearer understandings of what to wear, in what days, and in which occasions suffice. For example, through the flexibility of dress codes in American organizations, in the nineties, the casual wear emerged.
Recently, many organizations in America have started to embrace casual clothing as acceptable business attire. The growth of dot.com companies in the Silicon Valley has especially led to the growth of this trend. However, casual or relaxed clothing does not mean wearing a pair of jeans and a T-shirt to work. Instead, it means probably excluding the tie and the jacket from the suit wear.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is a general understanding of casual wear in the workplace, but some companies have more varying rules of casual wear. For example, wearing Denim jeans in the workplace is not a nationally accepted casual wear in America, but some executives wear it anyway. Former Apple Inc. CEO, Steve jobs did so. Nonetheless, it is crucial to understand that casual dressing does not include showing cleavage and midriff, or wearing flip-flops and running shoes because America disallows such dressing as part of casual wear.
For women, casual dressing simply means that they can be a little more stylish than they would ordinarily be. Similarly, they can be a little less conservative in their dressing. However, their clothing selections may represent the personality of the employees because they allow them to inject their personal styles to their dressing styles. For men, wearing khakis and polo shirts may be widely accepted in America as smart casual wear. For women, wearing fitting attire, that show body curves, without exposing more skin, may act as casual wear.
Wearing a scarf, earrings, and a pair of sandals are some of the accessories that may amount to casual dressing. A chunky necklace or chandeliers may also be useful additions to casual wear, for women, but it is very important to ensure that they do not wear these accessories at the same time. Employees also have the room to play around with the belt by wearing thicker belts (for women). However, while adding more color to the belt, it is important not to over-accessorize.
Companies that allow casual dressings are present across the United States. However, as mentioned in this paper, most of such companies are technology companies. An example has already been mentioned of Apple Inc., where the former CEO, Steve jobs used to wear casual clothes even in official functions. The same situation replicates at Microsoft, Google, Zappos, Facebook, Twitter, Electronic Arts, and AOL.
A recent survey revealed that about nine out of ten human resource managers in America allowed casual dressing in at least one occasion in the workplace. Some managers said they approved casual dressing once a week, while others said they permitted casual dressing only on special occasions. Managers and organizations that allow casual dressings agree that it is a special way of improving employee morale. However, this provision is also indicative of managerial flexibility in such organizations.
Nonverbal communication: Professional Presence not including dress in America It is a known fact that effective communication is the best basis of a good relationship between two people. Even though verbal communication is effective in building this relationship, non-verbal communication is even more effective. The use of hand gestures, handshakes, facial expressions, and personal spaces are just a few examples of non-verbal communication that is useful in building these friendships. Different forms of non-verbal communications manifest especially in the workplace context.
In terms of facial expressions, people may portray different emotions without saying a word. While interacting with other people in the workplace, it is always important to smile. This is a way to show interest. It is also crucial to acknowledge that politeness and friendliness are key behaviors in American business interactions, and therefore, it is always important to exude the same feelings through positive facial expressions like smiling.
Hand gestures are equally important in business communications because they are a common means of expression for different speakers. In the professional context, it is always important to use hand gestures to help convey a point, as opposed to blocking it.
Using hand gestures like a “thumbs up” may demonstrate approval in the workplace (and a way to express motivation). Waving is also a way of acknowledging someone’s presence in the workplace. People should embrace such attributes as effective methods of improving communication in the workplace.
In the American culture, maintaining eye contact is an important ingredient of non-verbal communication. More so, its importance in the professional environment manifests because maintaining eye contact is a way for people to say that they are interested in what other people have to say.
In some respects, maintaining eye contact may mean that the communicator is the subject of interest, for the moment. Therefore, in circumstances where there is no eye contact at all, it is easy to lose interest in the conversation. Stated differently, the lack of eye contact in business communications may mean that a person is completely disinterested in what the other person has to say, and more specifically, it may mean that the other person is not listening at all.
Maintaining an open posture in the workplace also gives the same effect as maintain eye contact during a conversation. This effect manifests in expressing a degree of confidence and exuding interest in what people have to say.
This outcome contrasts with a situation where people maintain a closed posture by folding their arms, crossing their legs, or tilting at a slight angle away from the communicating partner. An open posture would however include sitting directly opposite a person, with open arms and legs. An open posture is therefore desirable for the workplace environment because it demonstrates interest, and the readiness to listen, as opposed to a closed posture, which may demonstrate disinterest, or discomfort in the conversation.
Lastly, it is important to mention that the American business culture appreciates firm handshakes. Therefore, while meeting a stranger, or a customer, it is important to have a firm handshake to show the other party that they are pleased to meet them. This makes people feel important and more appreciated. Comprehensively, non-verbal communication expresses unsaid attitudes, emotions, and feelings, which may often be louder than the actual words said.
References Business Insurance. (2011). 10 Big Businesses With Incredibly Casual Offices. Web.
CAL POLY. (2012). Professional Attire: Dressing for Interviews and the Workplace. Web.
Doyle, A. (2013). Interview Accessories: How to Choose Interview Accessories. Web.
Floyd, P. (2008). Careers in Health, Physical Education, and Sports. London: Cengage Learning.
Kopp, H. (2011). Career Diplomacy: Life and Work In the U.S. Foreign Service. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.
Lola, B. (2012). Casual Dress in the Business Workplace. Web.
Martin, J. (2013). How Women Can Dress in Workplace Business Casual. Web.
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Segal, J. (2013). Nonverbal Communication. Web.
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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable Essay best essay help: best essay help
Introduction Wires play an important role in transmitting electrical energy and signals between different locations. There are different types of wires that vary from one another depending on their characteristics and other physical aspects. This paper seeks to discuss the differences between fibre optic cables and coaxial cables, elaborating on the advantages and disadvantages of each type.
Fiber Optic Cable A fiber optic cable consists of either a plastic or a glass core, which conveys light enclosed within a glass cladding. Light is guided through the fibre owing to the lower refractive index of the material as it also reflects the escaping light to the core (Higuera, 1998).
Advantages of fiber optic cables
Fibre optic cables have limited signal loss for every unit distance covered. In this regard, this type of cables can cover long distances and have limited effect on the quality of transmission. With high internet speeds being a factor for consideration in the contemporary world, fiber optic cable is more reliable because of its maintenance of the signal.
Fibre optic cables have very high capacity, which means they can convey high data rates at any given time. Because of the cable’s technology that uses light, the cable is also able to transmit at high speeds. This makes it more reliable and efficient over other cable types.
Fiber optic cables are also immune to external interference, which improves further on their reliability. Vibrations and other noises have little effect on the performance of the cable (Higuera, 1998).
These cables are expensive compared to other types of cables. The materials used in the manufacture of fibre optic cables are costly and only made-to-measure. This is particularly typical of any new technologies (Higuera, 1998).
The general vulnerability of fibre optic cables to strain and temperatures affects the performance quality of this type of cables. This affects the output signals because of the inherent errors (Higuera, 1998).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Coaxial Cable Coaxial cables comprise of a core wire, as well as an interwoven foil material that covers the inner wire (Reynders, Mackay
Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable
Advantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable
Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cables Verses Coaxial Cables
Introduction Fiber optic cable and coaxial cable are both used in data transmission. Today, various information networks use either fiber optic cable or coaxial cable in order to transmit information between several telecommunication devices such as telephones, radios, television sets among others.
Both cables have advantages and disadvantages, which a user should consider before making a choice. For instance, a user should consider the distance of connection and the amount of data to transmit. Therefore, this paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of fiber optic cable verses coaxial cable.
Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable A fiber optic cable is made of an ultra-fine fiberglass core, which is protected by an outer covering (Shelly 493). The cables use light in order to transmit data via tinny fiberglass cores known as silica. On the other hand, coaxial cables transmit data through copper cores, “which are surrounded by a dielectric insulator, a woven copper shield, and a plastic sheath” (Shelly 493).
Therefore, the coaxial cables are properly shielded from any kind of interference by environmental conditions. Coaxial cables also depend on electricity as a medium of transferring data. Fiber optic and coaxial cables exist in various forms.
Advantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable Fiber optic cables have several advantages over coaxial cables. First, fiber optic cables carry large volumes of data over long distances without much loss of information. This is made possible due to the several silica cores that make up the fiber optic cables. However, coaxial cables have a limited capacity of data transmission and often suffer from signal leakage leading to weak signals.
Second, the fiber optic cables are smaller and lighter as compared to coaxial cables. Therefore, installations of fiber optic cables require lesser space and engineers also find it easier to handle the fiber optic cables.
Third, fiber optic cables enhance data security because it is difficult to tap information easily from the network system. Additionally, optical fibers are “immune to electromagnetic interference from radio signals, car ignition systems, and lightning” (Bagad and Dhotre 8). Last, fiber optic cables incur much less operating cost because they consume little electric power.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cables Verses Coaxial Cables Despite the advantages that fiber optic cables have over coaxial cables, they also have a number of disadvantages. For instance, optical fibers are more expensive as compared to coaxial cables that are cheaper (Bagad and Dhotre 7). Therefore, a number of people are not in a position to install them.
Similarly, installations of optical fibers require well-trained personnel because their installation is usually difficult as opposed to the installation of coaxial cables. Last but most important, fiber optic cables are more suitable in transmission of data over long distances hence coaxial cables are more suitable for data transmission over short distances.
Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be concluded that fiber optic cables are more efficient and effective in data transmission as compared to coaxial cables. Fiber optic cables help in the transmission of large volumes of data over long distances without interference from electromagnetic noise. On the other hand, coaxial cables are cheaper to install but only suitable for data transmission over short distances due to signal leakage, which leads to weak signals.
Works Cited Bagad, Vincent and Andrew Dhotre. Data Communication and Networking. New York: Technical Publications, 2009. Print.
Shelly, Gary B. Discovering Computers. New York: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
The effects of cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking on the society Report custom essay help: custom essay help
In many cases, virtual space ensures the anonymity of Internet users and in this environment cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking become very widespread. These behaviors include several activities that can harm an individual; for example, one can mention intimidation, humiliation, or posting materials that can harm the reputation or career of a person (King-Ries 2011). Furthermore, one should speak about the damage to equipment or data as well as theft (Stauffer et al. 2012).
On the whole, it is possible to argue that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking increase people’s sense of insecurity; moreover, these activities can turn deviant behavior into a norm. In particular, one should focus on such issues as the disrespect for a person’s autonomy, the growing intensity of domestic violence and deteriorating mental health in the country. These are some of the main aspects that can be identified.
It should be taken into consideration that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking affect a significant number of people. For example, according to the findings of researchers, approximately 25 percent of children in the United States have fallen victims of cyber-bullying (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 353). Very similar situation can be observed in other counties such as the United Kingdom or Canada. These data are important for showing that these activities have profound implications for the society. Furthermore, bullying and stalking on the Internet can influence the values and attitudes of children and adolescents whose identities have been fully developed.
Overall, the victims of cyber-bullying often suffer from depression and anxiety (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 354). Some of these people can even commit suicide (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 354). Thus, one can argue that cyber-bullying can adversely influence the mental health in the community. Apart from that, researchers note that many teenagers internalize unhealthy patterns of behavior such the disrespect for the emotional wellbeing of a person (King-Ries 2011, p. 155).
The main problem is that people, who are engaged in bullying or stocking on the Internet, do not attach much importance to the autonomy of others and their feelings (King-Ries 2011, p. 155). The key difference is that in the virtual environment, this behavior often goes unpunished, and a person can come to the conclusion that this activity is quite appropriate.
Furthermore, scholars note that the victims of cyber-stalking and cyber-stalking can vent his/her anger or frustration on relatives. This is one of the reasons why scholars speak about the increasing rise of domestic violence in American families (King-Ries, 2011, p. 154). This is one of the main impacts that can be identified.
Furthermore, cyber-stalking and cyber-stalking can change certain values in the society, especially the respect for an individual privacy. It should be noted that people, who are engaged in these activities, completely overlook the idea that there are certain emotional boundaries that should not be crossed. Provided that the proportion of these people in the society will increase, the importance of privacy in the community can decline.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These examples indicate that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking can produce adverse effects on individuals and the society. One should pay close attention to the growing number of conflict within families because the victims of cyber-stalking to have many emotional and behavioral problems such as domestic violence. Furthermore, one should not forget about the change of many values such as the respect for the privacy of a person. Finally, one should not forget about such a consequence as the deterioration of mental health in the society.
References King-Ries, A 2011, ‘Teens, Technology, and Cyberstalking: The Domestic Violence Wave of the Future?’ Texas Journal of Women and the Law, vol. 20 no. 2, pp. 131-164.
Stauffer, S, Heath, M, Coyne, S,
Definition Paragraph about a Friend Definition Essay best essay help: best essay help
There is no definite definition of a friend but each person has his or her own perspective of who a friend is. This paper will try and come up with a consolidated definition of a friend and at the same time highlight some of the things that a friend is expected to do. A friend is a person who loves you unconditionally and can be there for you in good and bad times. A friend should make you become better by believing in your abilities and at the same time help you to deal with your weaknesses.
A friend is a clear reflection of yourself and will not hesitate to tell you the truth. A good friend should be honest and loyal to you. A friend can only prove that he or she cares for you by sharing some time with you. A person who loves you for who you are without any prejudice is a true friend. It is important to note that a person who can not be trusted and is always judging you can not be referred to as a friend.
There is need for a friend to encourage you when you feel discouraged. There is no way a person can claim to be your friend if he or she does not respect you. Friends should be with you out of choice and not because they have been forced to do so. Many people can claim to be your friends but a large number of them will always disappear when things are not good.
A true friend is the one who sticks by you when things are not good. A friend is that person whom you enjoy their company at all times. A friend makes you smile and is always willing to listen when you have something to share. Genuine solidarity in times of trouble is a good indicator of who a true friend is. It is important to highlight some of the qualities of a true friend in detail for us to have an in-depth understanding of the actual meaning of a friend.
It is important to have a friend who is always willing to listen to you. A friend should understand things from your point of view without judgment. A friend should feel some empathy when listening to you even if he or she does not have the solution to your problems. A friend can not be helpful to you if he or she does not care about what you need.
This is very important during tough times when a person may not have the courage to ask for help. A true friend will always be there for you by helping you get what you need. Hugs and smiles are some of the physical signs of a true friend that cares for you.
Friends will try their best to maintain contact with you even if they are away. A friend will always try to keep in touch through calling, texting and social media when he or she is not nearby. Every human being desires other people to say good things about them and a friend should be able to do that without making a big deal out of it. It is important for a friend to get all the facts right before coming in to support you. It is only a true friend who will come out to save you from a dangerous situation without caring about their safety.
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Care of the stroke patients Case Study essay help site:edu
Many health experts have discovered that stroke is the main reason of deaths in the world, which may also cause disability in case a person survives. Due to the brain damage accompanied by the stroke, the victim needs long-term personal care to increase his/her chances to live a long life (Evashwick, 2005).
Although stroke victims rarely recover, there are some cases when it takes at least two years to get over it. Stroke completely disables a victim as the one is unable to do a thing, and therefore, the patient is useless for a long period or the entire lifetime. During this period, the person will need intensive personal care and attention. Therefore, the only people able to help the stroke victim are the family members or the guardians.
The most important step in handling a stroke survivor is to prepare him or her psychologically for any eventual outcome of the disability. Medical experts associate stroke with frequent back pains. It is important for the patient to understand all the possible outcomes of the stroke (Bogousslavsky, 2002).
The family members should closely monitor the patient since isolating a patient on the basis of his/her disability worsens the state of health and does not contribute to the improving. Stroke patient is likely to recover faster when he or she feels appreciated in the society than becomes alienated from the world.
To improve the standards of care of the patient, the family should consider buying some important equipment for use by the patient so that he or she can at least perform some tasks on his/her own. Such equipments include the wheelchair, handheld urinal and bedside commode.
The wheelchairs are very essential as they give a person an opportunity to move anywhere within their ability. The handheld urinal and the bedside commode are very important for individual wellbeing as they help an individual to answer the call of nature when no one is within to help. Though these equipments are very expensive, they are very resourceful in the long run in assisting the stroke patient within the family (Bogousslavsky, 2002).
Long-term care will aid the stroke patients because they are no longer able to do any task on their own. There are several services that the stroke patient will need in the long run. These are nursing, medical, community, social and custodial services. Moreover, these services can also be provided at nursing homes or personal homes. Family members must note that stroke patients who are not well attended to are prone to deteriorating health eventually shortening their life span.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also important to note that a person providing a personal care to stroke patients should know that the stroke survivors cannot express themselves freely regarding their urgent needs. For example, bathing, grooming and dressing require a close family member to assist a patient in most occasions (Evashwick, 2005). Moreover, helping the patient use the toilet and eat are the most essential activities that promote the stroke victims’ health standards and wellbeing.
In some cases, it is possible for a family to hire a specialized caregiver to attend to the patient when the family is not able to attend to a person. Stroke survivors need a specialized attention all the time which will also call for more resources to be used.
The family may ask for a help from a professional nurse or take the patient to a nursing home for more specialized care. Moreover, specialized medication is also needed to help the patient to get over, which calls for taking concerted actions to ensure the stroke victim receives the best health care (Evashwick, 2005).
References Bogousslavsky, J. (2002). Long-term effects of stroke. New York: M. Dekker.
Evashwick, C. (2005). The continuum of long-term care. New York: Thomson/Delmar Learning.
Perceptions of self Definition Essay online essay help: online essay help
People manifest their attitudes through their behavior when going through different experiences. When a person feels weak or confused, the people who observe him or her know that there is a problem. The feelings of people change when they are not comfortable with what they are doing, which manifest in the behavior. Individuals tend to believe what they are told is possible if their attitude is positive. When people are asked by others to do something, which is difficult, they first consider how others could benefit from the same.
Self-perception is a trait that develops in a person towards something through daily observation and interaction with others. People develop attitudes but do not relate them with their different moods when going through certain experiences. When one is able to interpret his or her behavior in a rational manner, it becomes possible to understand other people.
A perception of self is a common trait for all people where one can think that he or she is handsome, bright or difficult. There are situations where perceptions of self in a person have developed in a manner that does not match with how other people perceive the individual. For example, you might see yourself as being very organized while others take you to be bossy. Therefore, it is paramount for us to be informed about the way other people perceive us if their perceptions about us are negative.
This helps to improve and ensure that our behavior is acceptable and other people can benefit from our actions. There are situations where our perception on other people changes when we know more about them. The information on how other people perceive us is important so that we can compare it with self-perception. For example, when other people believe that we can be leaders and tell us, we tend to understand why they always consult us in case of any question.
Perceptions of self refer to personality in human beings about their physical size as well as intelligence. For example, people may be perceived as bragging if they talk too much about their children. The significant thing is to know how other people perceive us in order to relate it with self-perception. However, perception of people on others does not always reflect the reality about the character.
For example, some people are less self-defensive but other people may accuse them that they are too defensive. The problem is that an individual may clarify about a certain issue but other people perceive him or her to be defensive. That is why conflicts arise because we think that we have done what others wanted but later realize that we are annoying them. This does not require us to change but we should know about the problem in order to solve it if it recurs.
The hidden feelings of people are different and we are not able to know about them. When a person does something that annoys others he or she may not know how they feel about it. This requires everyone to be conscious when relating with other people. Many people use nonverbal cues when they do not like others such as walking out in a gathering.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A businessperson may also conceal his or her negative feelings towards certain customers because he or she is aware that doing that would put off the customers. Perceptions of self are validated by asking the people we trust about their perceptions on us so that we obtain reliable information, which help us to know why people behave in certain ways.
The Perception of the Self according to Socrates Essay a level english language essay help
The perception of the self, according to Socrates explains the nature of man and the rationale on which man thinks. Socrates believed that, man is a product of his thoughts. Socrates questioned the way we attach importance to what people say without understanding the principle of individual thinking.
The capacity of a man is a product of the self in him; this formed the basis of Socrates argument. He emphasized that; man must believe in his or her principles and should not follow the wagon effect of the society. We find ourselves in situations that will require our careful examination, but we often accept what people say on the issue. Socrates proposed that logical thoughts would be more productive than accepting a patterned way of doing things.
The product of logical thinking is a patterned thought which is not influenced by the majority. To further his arguments, Socrates proposed a method of logical thinking. He believed that this would help each person evaluate his or her actions and thoughts based on the strength of logical thinking (Noe 4).
Critically examine people’s comment and assumption: The common belief should be subjected to examination. The belief that it pays to work hard or that marriage makes a man responsible.
Put forward a reversal to these statements: It is true that the society follows fashioned assumptions. One should be able to find a reversal to these assumptions. Provide a proof that man can be responsible without being married, and show that hard work do not always pay in the end. These reversals to a patterned way of life will help an individual build his or her confidence.
There are no credible statements than yours: When you are able to fine the reversals to the statements, you will conclude that many statements and assumptions are misleading. This will help you build your confidence in logical thinking.
Formulate your statements from observations: The examination of logical thinking will provide the basis of new statements. Marriage can make a responsible man live happily and wrong work is different from hard work.
Develop yourself: Make it a habit to always examine the statements of people and find the reversal to those statements.
The strength of a man is weighed by his actions and statements; this is the defining principle on which we must stand. Socrates argued that philosophy can be analyzed not only by the elites, but by the common man. The ability to make a statement devoid of what people think or say is a product of self.
Socrates emphasized that the human soul is immortal and is a product of different perceptions. Socrates believed that the human soul exists in two forms; the transformation realm and the constant position. The evil in the human mind is a product of the benefits he or she imagined. An individual will act based on his or her perceived thoughts which is based on what good he or she will derive from the action (Noe 3).
In conclusion, we are what we think of ourselves and we must act accordingly. Socrates provided examples to show that philosophical thinking can be done even by the common man. Logical thinking is the ability to examine each statement independently not minding the opinion of the majority.
Works Cited Noe, Alva 2009, Direct Perception. PDF file. Web.
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Robert Wetzel classical guitar Report custom essay help
Robert Wetzel, a classical guitar player, has given several concerts, playing classical music by great composers. At one of his concerts, in Encinitas, California, he plays a classical composition by Isaac Albeniz (Robert Wetzel – Isaac Albeniz – Cordoba).
The way Robert Wetzel plays is very concentrated and unique. The sounds that the guitar produces are very melodic and much representative of the classical style. In the beginning of the composition, the melody and rhythms are slow but at the same time are not repeated.
There is great variety in the melody, so the listener does not know what to expect. This is an important attribute of a good composition, as it is very exciting, though calm and surprising. Then, the rhythm speeds up but the sound is still very much flowing and melodic.
While playing, Robert Wetzel seemed to be more focused on his finger placement than feeling of the music and playing from his heart. It is understandable that there are some complex transitions but all his attention is towards the guitar, instead of the audience, heart and music.
Another performance of Robert Wetzel was at Performing Arts Theatre at Cuyamaca College, El Cajon, California (Robert Wetzel – Luis Milan – “Pavanas V
History of the British Colonies Report (Assessment) cheap essay help: cheap essay help
New England and the Mid Atlantic regions had a different economic and government structures compared to other regions. Most of the colonies especially the ones located in the north were very rich in resources. They had an economic structure where they sold raw materials to their colonial master back in England.
Each state made its own contribution to the mercantilist system. But for the mid Atlantic regions their economies depended on crops. They grew wheat, flax, rye among other crops. They had a perfect climate for agriculture especially cultivation of grains. The colonies in the Mid Atlantic regions were commonly referred to as ‘the bread basket colonies’ because of their dependence and potential to produce grain.
On the contrary, the economies in New England regions experienced a different climate which could not support the cultivation of crops. The climate there was extremely cold and the soil unsuitable for crop farming. They experienced prolonged winter seasons. As a result, their economy was based on trade of fish, timber, and fur.
Another remarkable thing about the two regions was their tolerance to religion. One of the main reasons why people had to leave to the home countries to come to America was to search for freedom of religion (Gaustad and Schmidt 78). Puritans dominated the colonies in New England. They advocated for their style of worship. However, in the Mid Atlantic region there was diversity in religion. The region had Protestants, Catholics, and Quakers. It therefore became difficult for one religion to dominate in the region.
Figure 1: Image showing farming of Tobacco in Jamestown
The colonies in the Chesapeake region included Jamestown, Virginia, and Maryland. They were the colonies in the upper south while the Carolinas and Georgia were the colonies in the lower south. The economies of the colonies in the upper south depended on agriculture, docking ship, and fisheries.
The Chesapeake Bay had an ideal climate and soil for agriculture. Additionally, the bay had a port and shipping lane which was highly valuable for transportation of goods. Jamestown was the first successful colony within the upper south region. Its success was due to dependence on tobacco.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Virginia also flourished because it depended on tobacco as a cash crop. Their economies grew because of tobacco exports (Davidson 54). When rich white settlers came in, they bought huge tracks of land and began farming tobacco on the land. They used the services of African slaves to cultivate the crops. Enslaved Africans only became valuable to the rich land owners during the second part of the 17th century when they replaced Native Indians and white servants.
On the contrary, the colonies in the lower south depended on rice as cash crop. They exported the cash crop while importing other food to supplement the rice. They also used slaves to cultivate the rice. Due to rice being grown in swampy areas, the region became a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
As a result, mosquitoes became a huge problem for the dwellers because they transmitted deadly diseases. With regards to law and gender, adultery was a common cultural practice within the lower southern colonies. Most men could have a wife and a few mistresses by the side. The law also supported the idea of men having mistresses.
From the analysis above, the region that showed most potential was the Mid Atlantic region. This is because other regions depended on its products. It had an ideal climate and soil for growing grains.
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
Gaustad, Edwin Scott and Leigh Eric Schmidt. The religious history of America. San Fransisco: Harper, 2002. Print
Africans in America Report (Assessment) best college essay help
Africans in America is a history that is traced back to the 16th century. Many of the African American people in America are descendants of the people from Central and West Africa who had been enslaved by white farmers in America. The black people were forcibly taken as slaves and put to work in the farms and homes of the white people.
They were treated as inferior human beings. However many revolutions that occurred years later would liberate the black people from slavery. The first people who advocated for slavery were the Spanish who took black people from their colonies to work on their farms. The white men from Britain would follow suit and publicize the free labor they had found. This led to a growth in slave trade (Davidson Stevens 34).
With an increase in the demand for slaves many began being shipped to North America. This occurred between the 1600s and 1700 when there was a great demand. The slaves provided labor in the farms, mines and houses. Many people supported slavery while a few were against it.
The slaves were denied all the rights of a human being and would be treated as property. In the 1600s there was formation of companies that traded slaves (Davidson Stevens 34). The companies formed captured slaves in Africa. These slaves were bought by the settlers. There was an increase in the demand for free labor among the settlers in North America which led to an increase in the demand for slaves. The slaves were also forced to remain in slavery by the laws that had been created in America.
Slavery was most common in Virginia and the colonies in the south. This is attributed to the fact that Virginia was the first place to receive slaves. The first black slaves were brought to Virginia and the south thus making these places a stronghold for getting slaves. Another factor that contributed to slavery in the south is the way the laws were created such that slaves would become free.
This would only occur if a slave completed their contract or if they converted to Christianity. These favorable laws would attract more slaves to the south. The second major factor for growth of slavery in the south is the increase in the plantations in the south. This increase in plantations and mines required more labor thus an increase in the number of slaves demanded (John Franklin
The Itis Movie, the Tenth Episode of The Buddocks Essay (Movie Review) college essay help: college essay help
The tenth episode of The Buddocks, the Itis, reflects on the contemporary American themes, such as race, class, ethnicity, and gender, in an artistic manner presented throughout the TV series. In terms of the race challenge facing America in a modern day setting, the producer shows a picture of a divided society.
Despite impressive steps by various classes of the American society to curb racism, the show demonstrates a high-level hypocrisy that cripples such efforts. Ordinary American lifestyle captured as the punch line in the film illustrates the authenticity of the American dream of equality of races, as practiced by a majority of Americans.
The rap culture is predominantly African American, and the depiction of a gangster lifestyle equally shows the prominent perception that one race embraces barbaric culture. The scenes which contain violence, such as terrorism and use of disrespectful racial terminologies, affect the American population in the entire film (Bell, Kim and McGryder, 2006)
Class dominion is the main theme of the show with frequent infusions of white imperialism casting an apparent class divide. The main character’s interaction with the class issue illustrates the lifestyle divide evident between various strata of the American society. Huey and Riley belong to a lower class, and their lifestyles clearly and accurately demonstrate class discord in the society.
In the entire show, the illustration of the lifestyle in ghetto setting illuminates the actual standards of the lowest class as well as the challenges faced by those people. However, the film presents a section of a low class population grappling with the property-ownership related evictions. Corporate structure in the country demonstrates a powerful class of individuals that would stop at nothing until they achieved their profit intentions.
Ethnicity, as a dominant theme in the show, highlights the prejudice and discrimination elements, which ethnic relations present to the contemporary Americans. Internal wrangles between ethnic divides in the film illustrate the possibility of an elevated tension that emerges on various platforms. Unique cultural traits arise from various ethnic categories presented in the episode, including soul food obsession that Huey blames for the demise of his grandmother.
The role of Granddad as a community man with friends and family around him depicts the conditions that precipitate ethnicised tendencies. Granddad’s recipes used in the soul food tradition highlight the possible ethnic trademark, which other people like Huey easily use to mock in order to show emerging tension.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gender theme portrayal in the film captures a negative image of women in the society. Depiction of women in the ordinary American setting does not bring out the discord that the film highlights.
In painting a negative image of gender biases in the American society, the film illustrates the females as opportunistic party animals. Ordinary American women would assign blame to a gender insensitive society for having presented them as partying species. Granddad’s business flocks with beautiful women shown as flirts who take the opportunity to reap from party-loving men.
Negative eating habits emerge among the women in the film as the woman that attacks Granddad appears to be suffering from a nutrition condition. The woman fights against Granddad on grounds of causing her to put on weight; such a scene illustrates the challenges that feeding habits present to women. However, the women fighting for being equal reveal a gender struggle that still goes on in different ways in America today.
Reference Barnes, R., McGryder, A. (Writers)
Britain vs. America- How colonists won Report (Assessment) essay help free: essay help free
The war that led to the independence of the US was fought between 1775 and 1783. It is commonly referred to as the American Revolution. Thirteen American colonies came together to fight Britain to become an independent nation, USA. The war was long because Britain was the greatest nation in the world at that time. One year into the war, the thirteen colonies declared independence and separated from the colonialists and forged an alliance with France whose main role was to bring a military balance between the two fighting sides.
The complexity of the war was based on the fact that Americans were divided into three. Those who remained loyal to the King of Britain were loyalists, those who wanted independence were called patriots, and the others remained neutral. These divisions made it difficult for all the colonies to stand united against Britain.
The major cause of the revolution was Republicanism. Americans had established liberty that was enjoyed all citizens and Britain was opposed to it (Davidson 112). This was a supplement to the issue of Americans demanding to be enjoined through parliament in setting the taxes. The matter was regarded as an issue of representation and therefore people demanded to be consulted. The success of the thirteen colonies could b attributed to several factors.
The British failed to suppress Massachusetts. Britain valued the thirteen colonies because they were the richest and most developed in the whole Empire. The generals of Britain tactically failed to subdue Boston because of the strategy employed by the citizens. They formed a provisional government, trained militia groups, and set informers within the British Empire. They established the minute men system that was used in raising alarms. This structure was well coordinated and as such Britain could not infiltrate.
In Britain decided to engage in a combat with Boston in 1975 after all her political maneuvers had failed. This turned out to be disastrous as the minute men were very effeicient. Major John Pitcaim the man who led the mission failed miserably (Langguth 88). The Americans tasted victory when they launched a seemingly impossible mission during the Battle of Bunker Hill in Boston in 1777.
The structural organization of the Americans worked to their advantage. The war was coordinated by the Continental Congress that was headed by George Washington, a wealthy tobacco planter with military experience. As the commander in chief, he lost many battles against the well oiled British Army but won the most important one that was fought at the end.
The structure allowed unity to prevail through the ranks in the forces. Errors made by British Army allowed chances for the Continental Army to exploit. The Britons failed to develop a counter- revolutionary policy. They held assumptions that it was not a revolution and the rebels would finally be subdued. A policy that could have worked was brought in 1776. This was however very late and little could be done to salvage Britain whose boat had already sunk.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decisive victory came in 1777 at Saratoga. The battalion that accompanied Burgoyne was unnecessarily large because it slowed the pace. This allowed the Americans to prepare before his arrival. His army men were running short of food at an alarming rate. Though inexperienced, Americans fought in a disciplined way, were sober, courageous, and quite regular in following commands.
It was not until October that the British commander formally surrendered. His men were disarmed, taken to Boston, and then others were sent home never to return to America. However, some redcoats were held hostage to be used in the combats in areas that still experienced war. France supplied money, ammunitions, and forged an alliance against Britain in support of the rebellious colonies.
Works Cited Davidson, James. U.S. A Narrative History. New York: McGraw Hill, 2012. Print.
Langguth, Andrew. The Men Who Started the American Revolution. New York: Simon
The Rebellion of American Colonies in the 18th Century Report (Assessment) essay help online
In the 18th century, North America had already been divided into 12 colonies. They stretched from New Hampshire in the west all the way down to South Carolina in the east. Before the struggle to independence, American colonies remained under the control of the England. King George III was the over ruler of the colonies as well as of England. But in 1776, the colonies came together and fought for their independence after rebelling against the British government (Davidson 90).
The rebellion was triggered by a number of reasons. The wanted to make their own laws, but the British government could not allow them. They realized that they could only make laws if they had a form of government which recognized their needs. Another reason for the political consciousness that led to the struggle for independence is that the colonies wanted to expand their markets to other counties.
They wanted to engage in trade partnership with other countries. However, the colonial government could not allow this to happen. In addition, the colonies were required to pay taxes to the colonial government. The taxes remitted were extremely high and this angered some of the colonies.
The rebellion began during the last decade to independence. Protest against the British government took center stage. A key event that took place took place during this time of the rebellion was the seven year war. The war involved several powerful regions of the world at that moment including Europe, North America India, and West Africa. The war was triggered by disputes of interests between the colonists and colonialists. Britain was able to emerge victorious in the war.
Another key event during this period of political consciousness was the stamp act of 1765. The British parliament back in England came up with a law requiring British colonies to produce printed materials that only have revenue stamps from London. The stamp was supposed to be embossed on newspapers, magazines, and legal documents.
The revenue collected on the printed documents was meant to pay the British troops that helped their country to win the seven day war. This law was met with resistance in most of the colonies. They argued that since they were not represented at the parliament when the law was being passed there was no need to support it. British manufacturers and merchants were also affected by this law and contributed to its resistance.
The third key event during this period of political rebellion was the tea party. In 1773, the British government made a law that required all the colonies to pay taxes on tea. The new law also required every colony to send all the taxes to England further aggravating the protest against the colonial government.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The colonists fought against this law and in 1773, the famous Boston tea party happened (Davidson). This was not a real party but a protest against the law to pay taxes on tea. The colonist invaded a British ship carrying tea and threw everything in the water. This event is one of the most common protests against the British government in the history of America.
The image below shows how Americans protesting the tea taxation invaded the ships and threw containers with tea into the water.
After the famous protest, rebellion against the colonial government became more pronounced. Meetings were held by representatives from every colony to discuss their problems and issues. The meetings prepared a revolution (Ferling 45).
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
Ferling, John. A Leap in the Dark: The Struggle to Create the American Republic. New York: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.
Impact of World Financial Crisis on the UAE Economy Case Study cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP
Impact on the Employment Sector
Impact on the Banking Sector
Impact on the Real Estate Sector
Impact in the Tourism Sector
Introduction The economy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the second largest in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It is also one of the rapidly growing economies in the world. In the last four decades, the economy has transformed from a poor country that depended on fishing, agriculture, and herding to a modern economy that boast of high per capita income and trade surplus (Nyarko, 2011, pp. 3-78).
The main industries that contribute to economic growth in UAE include tourism, oil, services, construction, and manufacturing. UAE’s economy is highly integrated with the world economy, thereby making it susceptible to exogenous shocks. This paper examines the impact of the recent global financial crisis on UAE’s employment, banking, real estate, and tourism sector.
UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP Prior to the global financial crisis, which began in 2007, the UAE enjoyed rapid growth in its gross domestic product (GDP). Figure 1 (in the appendix) shows the country’s GDP growth rate from 2005 to 2012. From 2003 to 2006, the country’s GDP grew at an average rate of 7% (Zaki
Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation Report scholarship essay help
Introduction Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation is a government agency that has been charged with the responsibility of providing safe, clean, and reliable energy supply to the United Arab Emirates from nuclear sources. Energy is vital to the development of the United Arab Emirates social and economic agendas.
The current power sources may not be sustainable in the long run due to the great energy demand. Energy demand in the United Arab Emirates is increasing at annual rate of approximately 9 percent, a figure that triples the global energy demand average of 3%. The estimated time span of ENEC is to provide power to the nation by the year 2017. Completion is expected to be achieved in the year 2020.
Due to the aforementioned reasons, this project will:
Examine the corporate governance strategies relevant for the privatization of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission.
To establish the difference privatization will bring to the company in terms of resources and manpower
To establish the feasibility of this undertaking in comparison to other companies that manage nuclear transmission such as Exelon in the United States.
To be able to set up the infrastructure, ENEC requires substantial amount of resources. Such projects also require excellent management skills to be undertaken successfully. The government may not provide the required resources adequately. This therefore calls for the involvement of the private sector. To avoid conflicts between the two sides, it is sensible to privatize the company i.e. reduce government influence significantly.
An example of a private company that has achieved success in providing nuclear energy is Exelon Company in the United States of America. The company deals with generation, transmission and delivery. The company supplies energy in 47 states and it further extends to Canada and Columbia. Its success lies in being the largest power generator with 34, 700 megawatts of power.
It also supplies electricity to over 6.6 million clients in the United States. The company recorded operating revenues of approximately $ 23.5 billion in the year ended 2012. The success of this company is also another factor that has prompted the study of the possibility of transforming Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission from a state owned firm to a private firm.
Information for this project will be gathered using qualitative means. Qualitative means in this case will focus on published material. To establish the objectives, data will be gathered from various online sources notably, the websites of the two companies. Information will also be gathered from various texts. The gathered data will then be processed i.e. coded appropriately.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Intent of the Project
This project aims to examine the corporate governance strategies that can be employed by the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission to achieve sustainable growth. This includes the proposed change of ownership and control i.e. from being privatization. This will be through examining corporate governance strategies that may work for the company. The project will examine various matters that form corporate governance, strategic management and planning. A conclusion will then be made based on the study of the above aspects.
Corporate Governance Corporate Values
Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission being a corporation, it should adhere to the principles of corporate governance. These principles deal with corporate matters such as code of conduct, professional ethics and general personal behavior. The key values of corporate that should be considered by the management and staffs of corporations include integrity, dependability, performance status, accountability, reputation and the dedication of the company towards attaining set goals and commitment. The company employees for the good of the organization should uphold these values. It is evident that a government due to various factors such as political influence and limited resources cannot achieve the above values comfortably.
Principles of governance are spread over a range of company issues. In the case of ENEC, the company is to be privatized therefore the management should focus on the principles regarding treatment of shareholders.
The relevant principles require the company to set up a platform for the development of an efficient corporate governance framework, recognize the rights of shareholders and distribute shareholders roles, treat shareholders equally, appreciate the roles of stakeholders in corporate governance, and provide relevant information with due diligence.
Setting up of a Corporate Governance Structure
Being a corporation, the management of ENEC should have in place an effective corporate governance structure. This means that the code of conduct, charter and other articles should reflect excellence in corporate governance. Training and development mechanisms should also be designed in a manner that allows for organizational growth and success.
The rights of shareholders and key ownership functions
Currently, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission is fully owned by the government of the United Arab Emirates. This means that all key ownership functions are conducted by the state. After privatization, the management will have to consider the rights of the incoming shareholders. For the company to be run effectively, all necessary information that should be made available to the shareholders should be availed at appropriate times such as at the annual general meeting.
Equitable treatment of shareholders
This principle aims at protecting minority shareholders. All shareholders should be treated equally by the organization. This is key and mandatory therefore the management of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission should consider it. Equitable treatment of shareholders helps to create investors confidence that may come in handy when the company will be seeking more funds for expansion and other related projects.
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After privatization, there are likely to be more than one shareholder in the company. It is vital that the numerous shareholders be involved in the decision making process of the company. This is in an implied and stated law of the agreements therefore the board and management should uphold it.
Disclosure and Transparency
For privatization to be effected, the current management of the organization should take considerable care and reveal all the information necessary for the transaction to be effected. The private company afterwards is also required to do the same to the shareholders. The shareholders should have free access to relevant authentic information regarding the operations of the company. For instance, Exelon Company in the United States has been able to achieve success due to its transparency in disclosing information to its shareholders.
The Responsibilities of the Board
The organization should have an established corporate governance structure that will identify the roles and responsibilities of the board, management and other stakeholders. Among the things that should be outlined is the power of the management to avoid contradictions that may arise. It is vital to consider the powers of the stakeholders before the company makes any major decision.
Ethics and Behavior
An effective risk management programme requires an ethical and dependable decision making platform. All employees and stakeholders should adhere to the code of conduct strictly after implementation. This should be considered to ensure that the organization do not deviate from its moral and official limitations and obligations.
Strategic Management Responsibility Strategic management revolves around three aspects that are the corporation, board of directors and corporate governance.
The corporation: The Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission like other corporations, it has an established mechanism that allow raising of capital and improving manpower through various means such as through the proposed privatization. Capital is provided by shareholders who will invest in the company individually or as groups. The work force includes the staff and management who provide labor and expertise for the company. The aim of corporate governance will be to protect the weak especially minority shareholders.
Corporate governance functions will require three parties: shareholders who will be the owners of the company, directors who will ensure that the company assets are not misappropriated, and managers who will use the company assets to carry out company functions.
Furthermore, as required by corporate governance regulations, the company will uphold excellent board ethics, provide a controlled environment for company affairs to be carried out, always disclose relevant information in a transparent manner, ensure the shareholders rights are respected, and it will ensure that the board is commitment to achieve success.
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Change of Ownership: Change of ownership and control of organizations creates confusion and agency problems if not handled well. This occurs especially when the new owners start to embark on new ventures that were initially not being pursued by the company.
Board of Directors
The board will be selected by the shareholders to represent the shareholders interests. In the strategic management process, the board has various functions such as
to monitor the development of the company and the influencing factors both within the company and outside the company, to act as advisors to the management on matters that may have been overlooked, and to evaluate the management’s proposals, decisions and actions and take the relevant decision i.e. agree or disagree. The board will also offers strategic advice to the company on matters that affect the company’s mission and vision.
The organization’s articles and bylaws will determine the composition of the board. There will be emphasis on separation of functions to enhance performance within the organization. Members of the board will include directors employed by the company and directors who may be employees of other entities, or people with interests in the company.
As a modern entity, the formed company will also embrace the modern trends in the composition of board of directors such as the inclusion of institutional investors in the board of directors. There will also be provision for ownership of stock by the executives and directors of a company. Furthermore, the board will be more inclined towards balancing the economic goals of the company and the social needs. For instance, Exelon takes part in many corporate social responsibility activities to the communities that receive their services.
Top Management The Chief Executive Officer will head the top management. The Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer and executive vice presidents will assist the Chief Executive Officer where applicable.
The top management will handle the strategic role of the company, as this will form its primary role. The role of the management will include making day-to-day decisions within the company and overseeing the daily activities. They will also offer strategic leadership i.e. think strategically and influence the other workers in creating a sensible future for the organization.
The functions relevant for the strategic management of the company will include designing strategic options for the company, act as role models for the other people in the organization to follow, and to enhance the performance of the organization by coordinating and integrating the functions of the various departments in the organization. The top management will also be directly involved in the handling of stakeholders.
Handling of stakeholders will be done based on the various principles that govern the management-stakeholder relationship. These are the management should respond to the concerns of shareholders i.e. their voice should also be heard during decision-making, the management should also implement policies that cover the concerns of stakeholders. The stakeholders should therefore find the practices easy to work with incase they want to air their grievances or contributions.
Moreover, the management will adopt mechanisms that will address the concerns of the shareholders irrespective of where they are located, appreciate the relationship between the efforts and rewards of the stakeholders i.e. there should be fair distribution of burdens, rewards and risks among the stakeholders.
The managers will also ensure good working relations with other entities with an aim of minimizing risks. Risk management in this case tries to reduce the effects of risks in case they occur. There will be avoidance of activities that may jeopardize the company’s relationship with the stakeholders. Managers will also appreciate potential conflicts that may arise between (a) amongst themselves as corporate stakeholders, and (b) between the managers and stakeholders in view of legal and moral obligations that exist between them.
Strategic Planning A strategy is a future: oriented plan practiced at a large scale. The strategies will help in the achievement of company goals through interaction with the environment within and outside the organization and in setting the platform for managerial decisions to be made and implemented. Moreover, the strategies will help on testing the readiness of the company in dealing with competition.
Strategic management will help in setting decisions and actions that will help in the achievement of the company’s objectives. Strategic management will also be vital in areas such as formulating the company’s mission, conducting SWOT analysis, assessing the environmental factors, evaluating the preparedness of the company with regard to other external factors and in decision making with regard to achieving the company’s mission.
Conclusion The above strategic measures are necessary for ENEC to achieve success like Exelon. However, to achieve the above substantial resources will be consumed by the company in terms of work force and funds. There is great demand for energy in the United Arab Emirates that if well harnessed, could be a potential source of profits for the company.
The most suitable step will be for the company to privatize their operations due to the perceived benefits it may gain. Furthermore, as indicated earlier government commissions are affected by politics thereby affecting their operations.