Introduction Nowadays, privacy in the workplace has become a prominent concern for many organizations. The issue of privacy has become a subject of concern as a result of an increased rate of employees monitoring in the workplace. The high rate of electronic monitoring of employees has caused a conflict between the rights of employers to safe guard their business, versus employees’ privacy.
The legal rights of employees as well as rights of the employers’ varies from one state to another which affects the strategies that firms adopt in enforcing the monitoring rights. Nonetheless, most federal and state laws support employees monitoring which has made many firms to adopt employee monitoring systems.
Employees monitoring is very controversy as it goes beyond legal rights to encompass moral obligations of employers and employees which are difficult to differentiate (Hartman
White Female Stereotypes in Media Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
This paper tries to explore the white female stereotypes in the media and thereafter gives the consequences. However, before the explanations, it is necessary to give the meaning of stereotype. It refers to a belief about a certain group of people with regard to their style of doing things. White females are perceived to be superior to the black females and this forms the origin of this racial stereotype.
The media has made profound efforts to make sure that white women are used particularly in advertisements and entertainment to capture the attention of the audience. White female stereotypes in the media have made children to believe that white women are beautiful than black women (Collins126).
Consequently, the use of white women in the media, for example, in television and the newspapers has enormously contributed to the growth of the media industry. Today, images of white girls and women are normally portrayed in the media, and they are empowered. On the other hand, black women and girls tend to think that they are ‘less women’ since in the course of these adverts, their self-esteem is lowered (Collins149).
In most instances, the images that are in the media are of exceptionally slim white girls and women, and this sends a negative image to those women that have bigger bodies. Thus, although there are many media stereotypes, white girls and women stereotypes are the most prevalent and the media use it mostly to influence the society negatively.
Apparently, images of white women that are scantily dressed are everywhere. Advertisements that are aired in the television have images of white women that are seductively displayed, with the degree of seduction varying with the nature of the product being advertised. In addition, there are also magazines that have articles that have images of slim white women.
Some of these images try to explain how women can easily lose weight as well as give the importance of weight loss. These advantages may include a sensational sex life, healthy children or a comfortable marriage. The main challenge that faces the audience is failure to realize that the beauty that is displayed by these white women is almost unattainable and they should not try to imitate them (Collins141-142).
Some of the black women are even depressed by their ‘incompleteness’ and they may even end up skipping meals all in an effort to slim. This is because they feel their bodies are insecure, and they can purchase beauty products at whatever cost or even adopt expensive dietary measures in order to boost their self-esteem. This makes the cosmetic and dietary industries to make exorbitant profits.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More White girls and women stereotypes have also been used to portray sex and relationships in the media. Through advertisements, these women and girls are displayed to be sexually attractive by exposing their body parts. This sends an extremely negative image to the audience (especially men), and they may use it to compare the attractiveness in different women. Provocative images of white women are used to lure men.
The image of these women is belittled since they are viewed more as sex objects than human beings. However, the media, like any other business, is profit oriented and it makes good money through such displays. The idea of media stereotyping has made most young people believe that the media is better placed in explaining sexual matters. As such young people mostly rely on the media to be informed on such matters.
Therefore, many women have an impression that for one to be sexually attractive and physically admirable, one must be thin. On the contrary, there are images of women that are displayed in the advertisement, to show the other side of romance. Images of women who are sexually harassed are common in either magazines or television.
Interestingly, here the media is concerned with the life of young people and it illustrates how sometimes relationships are disastrous. By so doing, the media plays a particularly crucial role in educating the youths. Stereotype tries to show that women are vulnerable to sexual abuse and they should always be keen since they are potential victims.
White girls and women stereotypes in the media have adverse effects to the social world as a whole. This can be explained by the fact that it is through adverts that are displayed on televisions and magazines that young people develop an element of associating being slim with beauty, for example. Consequently, the girls may even go without food in order to be sexually attractive.
On the other hand, since most images of the white girls and women are linked with products that are thought to add beauty, women have to buy expensive products in order to live up to these ideal images. In cases where there are financial constraints, women may even sacrifice the most essential needs. The other effect of this stereotype in the media is that morals in the society are eroded (Amundson 34-35).
Women are used as sex objects in advertising matters relating to sex and relationships. In some instances, women have been coerced to sexual activities or abused sexually by men. Indeed, white women stereotype is the most commonly used by media.
We will write a custom Research Paper on White Female Stereotypes in Media specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Amundson, Daniel. Media Coverage of Religion in America. New York: Center for Media and Public Affairs. 2000. Print.
Collins, Patricia, Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. New York: Routledge. 2000. Print.
Chloramine in Drinking Water: When the Threat of Pollution Emerges Research Paper best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction: The Significance of the Issue
ENDS Raising the Awareness of the Problem
The Factors Enhancing the Problem and How to Eliminate Them
Chloramine and the Formation of By-Products: Where It All Starts
Modeling the Procedure, Searching for the Solution
The Possible Way out: Alternative Disinfection Means
Conclusion: There Is Still Some Hope Left
Introduction: The Significance of the Issue In the age when the environmental awareness has become an integral part of everyone’s life, the issue of drinking water pollution causes considerable anxiety and demands immediate solutions. Unfortunately, in the light of the recent conducted researches, the fact that drinking water is being polluted by large amounts of chloramine is undeniable, as well as the fact that chloramines is especially hazardous for people’s health.
It is worth mentioning that certain steps have already been undertaken to avoid the danger of pollution. However, it cannot be denied that the issue of chloramines in drinking water remains unsolved, which calls for another consideration of the issue and offering probable solutions of the given problem.
Analyzing current researches (see Adams, C., Timmons, T., Seitz, T., Lane, J.,
Political Opinion and Public Policy Essay (Critical Writing) college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Civil and political rights are categories of freedoms that safeguard a person’s rights from unwarranted infringement by state organs and clandestine institutions. The rights guarantee an individual political participation implying that discrimination and repression are never tolerated.
Civil rights entail protecting physical integrity and wellbeing, preventing discrimination based on physical or cognitive capabilities, gender disparity, ensuring that there is freedom of religion, preventing ethnicity, avoiding discrimination based on age and allowing diverse sexual orientation.
Civil liberties can also include freedoms of thoughts and ethics, speech and expression, and the freedom of press and movement. Political rights may include natural justice, rules of law, right to fair trial and the right to participate in political processes, which include the right to vote and the right to present candidature to the electorate.
In the US, civil rights developed first before political rights. The US has had an enduring history with regards to fundamental rights and freedoms. Women and people of color have struggled to fit in the wider society.
Their activities have contributed to democracy in the US. Americans showed their will and desire to govern themselves when they challenged the colonial government due to its high handedness and unresponsive behavior. The colonialists had established their own administrative units that were intolerant and indifferent to the sufferings of the majority.
Americans united to fight a war that was later termed as the American War of Independence. People were granted their rights after the leaders adopted republicanism as a political dogma. This meant that people had to be represented by candidates of their choice.
It was proved that the electorate was more powerful than the ruler. Afterwards, Americans drafted some guidelines that would dictate the relationship between the ruled and the ruler. The principles were found in the federalist papers. Each individual had to vote for a leader of his/her choice. Through this, the state was able to be governed democratically.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In early 1900, Americans entered into another war that was aimed at abolishing inhuman treatment. The war was referred to as American Civil War. The South fought with the North because of different opinions regarding slavery. The North wanted slavery to be abolished while the south posited that slavery was to be allowed. The war nearly divided Americans into two but the North finally won.
This was an indication that Americans were against inhuman slavery that had rocked the society. Some members were forced to supply free labor because of their skin color. Since then, America has never been the same again meaning that much has been gained with regards to civil and political rights.
Women have stood out to fight for their rights by lobbying government to institute laws aimed at protecting them. Presently, it is an offence to use a gender-biased language. Equally, it is a criminal offence to discriminate another person based on gender. Feminist groups have struggled to restore the dignity of women in society by advocating for equality in society.
Due to their efforts, women are currently employed in professions that were previously reserved for men only. At work place, women have found themselves in high positions because the constitution bars an individual from discriminating another person based on gender.
This means that American society is a diverse society that appreciates the efforts of all members. It is not surprising that women have been fully incorporated in the financial system.
Impact of New Technology on European Culture Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Impact of new technology in European culture
Response of artists towards mechanization
Introduction Mechanization is the process of changing from agrarian handicraft economy to one dominated by machine. The process started in Europe in the 18th century. It involves the use of iron and steel and the innovation of new machines that increased production. It also involves the development of the factory system, transport and communication. It started in Britain from 1760 to 1830 and then spread to Belgium and France.
Mechanization led to a major impact in cultures across Europe. In particular, it influenced the development of art and design. New technology in art and design started in the late 19th century. Although modern art and design developed in the late 19th century, contemporary paintings can be located earlier.
Impact of new technology in European culture Modern art is identified as having started in 1863, in Europe. The thoughts that led to modern art can be traced back in 17th century. Modern art involves artistic works developed between 1860s and 1970s. It involves the styles and principles of art produced in this period. In 1789, the French revolution removed assumptions and institutions that had been accepted for centuries without questions.
This helped people to choose their styles of buildings and design of wallpaper. The people who started modern art were romantics, realists and impressionists. In the late 19th century, movements, which were influential in modern art, started to emerge1. These were social and aesthetic movements that advocated for good design and craftsmanship.
This happened in the late 19th and early 20th century. In this period, there was increasing mechanization and mass production. The movements originated from Britain and were concerned with architecture and decorative arts. The movements advocated for the use of plain materials and surfaces which had a lasting influence on modern art.
Mechanization led to the development of graphic design, which is a visual representation of ideas. Graphic art and design are as a result of mechanization. This enabled cultures across Europe to communicate using conventional and inexpensive materials, which are easily transported. In 1922, a book designer developed a graphic design which enabled visual form to be printed.
Mechanization also led to development of languages which were adopted by cultures in Europe. Visual communication of ideas, and facts were developed in different areas from pictograms. The alphabets used today are based on the first alphabet developed by Phoenicians and then modified by Greeks and Romans. The alphabets led to development of languages used today, for example, Arabic, Greek, Russian and Roman.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mechanization in France led to the development of new kinds of paintings in late 19th century. The painting resulted to new fashion that was culturally tied to the development of new visual languages for the 20th century2.
Art Nouveau, which is an international style in decorative arts, reached many European countries, in the early years of 20th century. The movement was the horrors of mass production, and it was aiming to reintroduce the skills, and craftsmanship that was fading out. It rejected the order of a straight line and right angles and advocated for more natural movement.
It put emphasis on decorative patterns and flatness devoid of perspective. This movement is seen as the synthesis of European art. Some of its stylish revival was attributed to growth in nationalism. It arrived in Germany in 1896 with an exhibition of thirty five monumental embroideries at a Munich gallery. By the late 19th century, it had influenced all aspects of Munich’s artistic life.
This led to a demand of a new relationship between life and art. At the end of 19th century, new technology led, to the issue of modifying women’s dress. This became a fundamental element of feminist concern. In 1880s fashionable, tight lacings came under attack in progressive circles by criminals obstructing female movement. In 1890s, Britain’s dress reform was associated with socialism.
However, many historians had argued that dress reform was an issue of taste rather than politics. The new dressing styles implied a shift from earlier notion of clothing indicating class, and occupation to a more modern preoccupation with clothing as a means of identity.
Response of artists towards mechanization Between 1909 and 1912, many artists in England and France, were abandoning naturalism to stylized abstractions. Many artists such as Vanessa bell and roger fry concerned with developing a pictorial language received from decorative arts with a new content associated with the formal lessons. Roger Fry displayed post impressionist exhibitions in London in order to attack the Philistine tastes of the middle class3.
Experiments in decorations were started by Bell and Grant which involved the introduction of geometric patterns derived from mosaic and tile work. The design of Clive Bells art in 1914 also developed an aesthetic in which design and color determined the content. The artists established the Omega workshops which helped them in designing and decorating fabrics, furniture, pottery and other items.
We will write a custom Essay on Impact of New Technology on European Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These were developed to challenge the Victorian differentiation between art and craft. The work of participating artists was believed to be privileged compared to other forms of labor.
The women who started fine arts established a relationship between class and modernity which had major implications. As technology improved these artists were able to design items such as curtains, bedspreads and boxes that were displayed at places like Daily Mall Ideal Exhibition4.
Most of these designs were developed from oil paintings. The distinction between bells paintings and decorations helps in the development of structure and lyrical and color harmonies that improve her figurative work. The dress design in Omega experiment was not successful.
Few dresses were sold this is because the design was too exotic to clients. Delaunay was another artist who developed designs as technology advanced. She worked with textiles and embroidery in 1906. She started designing book covers, posters, curtains, cushion covers and other items from home. In 1913, she started making simultaneous dresses in accordance with the current fashion.
The patterns of the dresses were designed to enhance the natural movement of the body5. The patterns also helped in establishing a shimmering movement of color. The principle of abstraction helped in defining modernity for a broad public.
In the year 1913, Italian futurists exploited the idea of clothing to signify revolutionary modernism. However, futurist attitudes towards feminism were compromised by the cult of virility. In the first decade of 20th century, Russian artists believed that, they can only be able to express key ideas through culture and traditions. Between 1914 and 1917, Russia was forced into cultural and intellectual isolation.
During this time, many artists who were living in other countries were forced to go back home6. The artists developed a new art for the people in preparation of political revolution. This involves searching for a new aesthetic language compatible with modern industrialization. As technology improved art developed, and painting was taught in Moscow.
Popova who, started painting in Moscow emphasized on color and texture7. By 1923, Delaunay’s fashions and textile designs were commercially produced. Avant-garde spectacles such as Dada performances helped break down the belief about clothing as a cover of the body. This was replaced by an image of the body as a fluid screen.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Impact of New Technology on European Culture by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Delaunay’s designed male costumes although commercial developments were designed for women. Many architectural designs in Russia designed by artists remained theories due to lack of raw materials. By 1922, Moscow had large textile industries for manufacturing clothes. In 1923, there was an article which urged artists to address industrial problems.
Many artists responded through sending sketches to First state textile factory in Moscow8. Tatlin and Rodchenko established clothing designs, which were used in social functions.
Popova and Stepanova redesigned the clothes within the framework of the existing industry. In 1925 French and Russian design were combined together9. In the same year, exhibition of decorative and industrial arts was organized to combine art and commercial enterprise in decorative design.
There exist a relationship between an ideal fashion of cloth developed in 1920s and glamour which stress the modern woman and sexuality. This is a complex relationship as both are masked to profound economic and cultural changes. Kandinky was a great artist from Russia10.
He studied law and economics in the University of Moscow in Russia. He was brought up within a cultural heritage, which was partly European and partly Asian. The artist had an unusual interest in color as he contemplated Moscow architecture and its collections of icons.
He had lasting interest on nonrealistic styles of Russian folk paintings. By 19th century, he was a competent professional artist, in touch with new technology for art and design. He was influenced by impressionism and decorative effects of art Nouveau11. He displayed his work with vanguard groups and non academic shows which had spread all over Europe. He was the founder of nonfigurative paintings.
He was an active member of avant-grade movement in Germany. He assisted in the establishment of new artists association in Germany. Later on he informally organized a rival group together with German painter Franz Marc. He became a professor of fine arts at the Moscow academy.
In 1919 Kandinky established the institute of artistic culture. He was appointed as the director of Moscow museum for pictorial culture. This enabled him to help in establishing 22 museums across the Soviet Union12. He started the Russian academy of artistic sciences. He developed the general direction of geometric abstraction with a taste for detailed crowded pictorial space.
He analyzed the effects of abstract elements of drawing by interpreting a horizontal line. He developed visual languages, which turned into a collection of signs that looked like decipherable messages13. He influenced the developed of art in 20th century and his works are exhibited in other painters work. Paul Klee is another artist who made a major contribution to art and design.
He had a multifaceted artistic personality, which ranged from sensibility to theoretical lucidity14. He was a member of various avant grade movements. He became devoted to painting when he visited Italy and saw the work of Leonardo da Vinci. He was based in Munich where he made contacts with other artists about children’s drawings and non European cultures15.
He discovered the power rhythm and dynamism of contrasting colors. After the First World War, he combined figurative language with geometric forms in pictographic writing. He adopted abstracted style of cubists which is seen in a number of his drawings. He also developed the use of letters and other signs in his work16.
Reference List Aynsley, Jeremy. Graphic design in Germany:1890-1945. California: Univesity of california Press, 2002.
Clegg, Elizabeth. Art,design and architecture in Central Europe. Yale: Yale University Press, 2006.
Crouch, Christopher. Modernism in art and design. London: St.Martin’s Press, 2007.
Drucker, Johanna. Graphic design history:a critical guide. Chicago: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2010.
Eskilson, Stephen. Graphic design:a new history. Yale: Yale Univesity Press, 2007.
Heller, Steven. Design literacy:understanding graphic design. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2004.
Heller, Steven. Graphic design history. Chicago: Skyhorse, 2005.
Heller, Steven. Graphic style. Chicago: Harry Abrams, 2007.
Hollis, Richard. Avant-garde graphics 1918-1934. Michigan: Hayward Gallery, 2007.
Hollis, Richard. Graphic design:a concise history. New York: Thames