Table of Contents Problems and Issues
Administrative Techniques to Improve Criminal Justice System
Problems and Issues Criminal justice system is a critical section of the American structure. Police departments of various states are experiencing a notable change. Police departments and its functions, chain of commands, and administrative strategies are becoming gradually more equal to that of other security agencies and institutions.
However, there are certain problems and issues found in criminal justice sectors, which include corruption and brutality incidences that have harshly stained the people’s trust in the police. Due to this, law enforcement administrators are undergoing major challenges of reforming the police departments and criminal justice system in general.
The criminal justice system is a big and an extensive section of the legislative and judicial limbs of the United States. Overcrowding is among the main issues experienced in the criminal courts currently. The competence of the court system worsens as the courts collapse, as well as the condition of the buildings has created the security complicated. Another problem is the issue of public access to the court proceedings since the media sections are requesting the courts to allow live coverage of court proceedings.
They assert that the citizens have a right to follow the proceedings and that limited seating during trials should not be an issue since the media should televise the proceedings to the people in homes. However, opponents assert that the existence of media will alter the actions of the witnesses and court officers in approaches that have an impact on the fairness of the trial (Neubauer
Maori and Minangkabau Proposal essay help online
Table of Contents Maori
Maori Maori culture is one of the most fascinating indigenous cultures remaining at present. In the first place, it is necessary to note that New Zealand is the only place in the world where population of indigenous people is about 15% of the overall population. However, the fact that made me choose this very culture is that Maori society can be regarded as “a key critique of evolutionary theory” (qtd. in Walter et al. 275).
Maori society developed in a very specific way, which can be regarded as reverse development. Thus, one of the most fascinating facts concerning Maori society is that it “passed from . hunting, gathering and fishing” to agricultural production and then returned to hunting, fishing, gathering (Walter et al. 275).
Moreover, Maori managed to preserve their culture, which is very important as now people understand that wisdom of their ancestors is important to find solutions to contemporary issues. Thus, knowledge of Maori people can help contemporary people solve some environmental issues as Maori’s experience in agriculture is immense. Maori society became known to Europeans in the middle of the seventeenth century and there is quite a lot of information on these indigenous people.
However, apart from considering specific traditions and lifestyles of Maori people, it can be interesting to trace the way they developed. It is especially interesting to understand how they managed to preserve their culture as lots of cultures and societies have disappeared throughout centuries. This understanding can help researchers work out specific strategies to help other indigenous people preserve their traditions.
Minangkabau The history of development of Minangkabau people is quite conventional. The history of this society dates back to 1500. First, Minangkabau were involved in hunting, fishing and gathering. Agriculture developed a bit later and became one of the most important sectors of economy. The most important thing about this Minangkabau society is that they managed to preserve the culture. Sumatra “was integrated in international trade” for a long time (Colombijn 6).
Minangkabau could have assimilated long time ago. Rapid development of economy could have contributed to people’s assimilation as they had to accept new ways. However, Minangkabau society still exists. These people managed to adjust their lives to the changing environment, but they also remained faithful to their cultural backgrounds. Minangkabau people have managed to combine their ancestors’ wisdom and new ways of development which were brought by colonialists.
It can be interesting to trace the development of this society up to these days. It is important to understand how different Minangkabau people of the twenty-first century are from Minangkabau people who lived in the seventeenth or nineteenth centuries. It can be also interesting to consider relationships between Minangkabau people and colonialists. Notably, every century offered a lot of challenges to Minangkabau people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the major challenges has been economic development. Therefore, the most interesting periods to consider are 19th and 20th centuries when Minangkabau people had to find their place in the new world of invaders and in the world of rapid technological development. This knowledge can help define major trends in indigenous people’s development.
Works Cited Colombijn, Freek. “A Moving History of Middle Sumatra, 1600-1870.” Modern Asian Studies 39.1 (2005): 1-38. Print.
Walter, Richard, Ian Smith and Chris Jacomb. “Sedentism, Subsistence and Socio-Political Organization in Prehistoric New Zealand.” World Archeology 38.2 (2006): 274-290. Print.
PEPFAR and Medicaid Nursing Programs Essay essay help: essay help
Introduction Governments and several International Non Government Organizations (NGOs) have over the years, channeled a lot of funds to national and international programs. Through funding of these programs, governments and donor agencies have an overall aim of improving people’s living standards globally.
The donors or governments attempt to make rational and reliable funding arrangements for these programs (Amor, 2007). This paper compares and contrasts the utilization of these programs in both national and international levels. Two programs are discussed in this essay. These are:
PEPFAR – International utilization.
Medicaid(US) – National utilization
This paper will also outline the political ideologies in relation to the two programs and their levels of utilization. In addition, it will outline how the programs are and describe the different funding arrangements.
PEPFAR President of the US asked the country in 2003, to commit $15 billion to combat the AIDS epidemic internationally. Later in 2007, the President called for the formation of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). He further requested Congress to authorize an additional $30 billion for the program.
PEPFAR funded programs have saved millions of lives worldwide (Ketler, 2008). Distribution of funds for this program began in the first year of it launch after connections to groups mainly in Africa, were established. The breakdown of U.S. contribution to combat international AIDS between 2004 and 2007 was; $2.3 billion in 2004, $2.6 billion in 2005, $3.2 billion in 2006, and $4.5 billion in 2007 (Amor, 2007).
800,000 people worldwide have accessed antiretroviral treatment. Prevention of mother to-child- HIV transmission programs have helped avoid approximately 150,00 infant infections. An example of a country utilizing PEPFAR funds is South Africa. The country’s population constitutes only 0.7% of the world’s population.
However, it has the largest HIV burden with 17% of global cases, and 17.8% national adult prevalence (Amor, 2007). The South African government and PEPFAR team are actively engaged in a strategically planned transition of clinical service provision and support from PEPFAR to the South African Government.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Political Context
The presidential announcement in 2003 surprised many people. The surprise was preceded by excitement, then criticisms. The excitement stemmed from the knowledge that the extent of the AIDS epidemic and its possible effects on the U.S and global interests, were finally being taken seriously.
Some viewed the move as a strategy by a super power to go beyond normal national interests and deal with global humanitarian problems (Amor, 2007). Criticism resulted from the fear that the program was a short-term effort aimed at enhancing America’s image.
Spectators were concerned that moral programs would shape the agenda choices, and not the medical best-practice procedures. The President himself, cabinet members, and top government officials, saw the program as a moral issue and supported it for more funding but were afraid that the money would not be spent well.
Medicaid Medicaid is the United State’s biggest health program, serving 60 million users. The program was initiated in 1964 and gives medical service to the poor and the less privileged. It is also caters for the elderly in nursing homes. In 2010, the Congressional Budget Office stated that 75% of people registered for Medicaid included families and children, whereas 20% were old. However, 63% of Medicaid spending was for older citizens and the disabled, while 36% went to families and children (Ketler, 2008).
The program has recently been the focus of several policy arguments between Republicans and Democrats. Congress managed to pass President Barrack Obama’s new health care law recently, which takes care of the citizens who are not insured. Led by Representative Paul D. Ryan, house Republicans voted in favor of substituting Medicaid with block grants that would trim down expenditure by a third, over ten years.
This move allows states alter lowest eligibility, care standards, and regulations at the state which shields 14 year olds from expenses from the Medicaid bill of their guardians or parents. Some Democrats opposed the idea. The U.S faced an economic crunch in 2009 (Ketler, 2008). However, the Obama administration managed to inject billions of dollars into the program although the money was planned to last only until the end of the first half of 2011.
Conclusion Several challenges exist in the operations of funded programs and the utilization of their funds. One significant limitation is poor insight and planning for these programs. Another challenge is the over dependence on consultants or agents, a majority of whom do not have adequate skills to effectively advise and assist governments and donors (Amor, 2007). So as to reinforce the capacity of programs to assist the poorest people, donor/government agencies should clearly state what percentage of funds should be utilized on this group.
We will write a custom Essay on PEPFAR and Medicaid Nursing Programs specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To ensure that funds benefit the less privileged, patent policies and strategies should be formulated. Moreover, funding agencies should create effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Initiatives must be taken to build government and non-governmental funded programs that are sustainable, with clear operation and implementation plans.
References Amor, J. S. (2007). PEPFAR Implementation: Progress and Promise. London: National Academies Press.
Ketler, S. R. (2008). Medicaid: Services, Costs and Future. New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc.
Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneys and Persecutors Research Paper cheap essay help
Criminal law obliges the state to enforce criminal justice in a society. It presupposes that most of the people will not commit a crime. If a crime is, nonetheless, committed, it is the duty of the state to investigate it, and punish the person who committed it. The duty of a persecutor is, therefore, to initiate a trial process against a person about whom there is a reason to believe that they have been involved in a crime.
Persecutors have the burden of proof, which means that they are obliged to provide factual evidence for their claims. It is also their concern that an innocent person is not convicted so they have to investigate the matter thoroughly and be unbiased (Rosenthal, 2008).
Defense attorney, on the other hand, has no obligation to present factual evidence. The only goal of the defense attorney is to defend the accused, and they have to do so even if they know that the accused is guilty. The defense attorney is allowed to confuse the witnesses, and try to point out any weaknesses in the persecutor’s case.
The rationale behind all that is that the final goal is not to have an innocent person convicted (Rosenthal, 2008). However, some author’s recognize that a defense attorney must not break the principle of honesty so as to protect the legal profession (Flowers, 2010, p. 650).
Ethical issues, for defense attorneys, most often arise when the two principles enter into a conflict. For example, it is obvious that even though the attorney is bound by the principle of confidentiality in general, they are not obliged to follow it when doing so causes them to become involved in criminal activities as well. Somewhere on that continuum, a defense attorney has to draw a line. As for persecutors, ethical dilemmas usually arise when personal values introduce bias in the effort to uncover truth.
The Attorney-Client privilege denotes a special relationship between the client and the attorney. This kind of relationship was introduced in Elizabethan England for three reasons. Firstly, lawyers can prepare a stronger case for the defense if they are informed about all the relevant facts.
Secondly, if there were no such relationship, the accused would hesitate to seek the advice from an attorney because they would be afraid that their involvement in the crime would be revealed. Thirdly, this kind of relationship is also useful in getting the accused to cooperate with the law enforcement officers. The basic building-block of this relationship is the confidentiality rule (The Attorney-Client Privilege).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Confidentiality rule is a principle that prevents a defense attorney from revealing information disclosed by the client for the sake of preparing the case for defense. Of course, this rule implies that there is no consent on the part of the client. If the client gives permission for doing so, the attorney is allowed to reveal the information (Rule 1.6: Confidentiality of Information). Lawyers’ ethical codex also allows for certain exceptions where it is possible to break the rule. It is permissible to disclose confidential information in following situations:
If doing so would prevent death of an innocent person.
If the lawyer is certain that revealing some of the information received by the client would prevent a substantial financial damage to another person, he is allowed to break the principle of confidentiality.
A lawyer may also disclose confidential information if he or she is charged with a crime which the client was involved in.
In case a lawyer thinks that it would be best to seek for other lawyers’ opinion in order to make a case, the information can be revealed to other lawyers who are then also obliged not to disclose it (Rule 1.6: Confidentiality of Information).
One great problem which prosecutors face is that sometimes they may introduce personal bias into their job. A persecutor’s role is, once again, to secure evidence in order to avoid convicting an innocent person. In a situation where, for some reason, a persecutor feels strong personal involvement in the case, the danger of breaking that rule arises.
For example, a member of a persecutor’s family may have been a victim of a similar case, or a persecutor simply has a strong intuitive feeling that the accused is guilty. There have been many cases where it was established that persecutor had been withholding evidence from the trial for similar reasons.
One such example is the case of Tracey Cline, a district attorney who was found guilty for withholding evidence and misinterpreting facts to the judge on two occasions. In one of the cases, a man named Derrick Allan was accused of a rape, and having already been sentenced to 12 years for a similar crime, he was widely believed to be guilty.
During the trial, it was found that the accused was innocent, and that the persecutor, Tracey Cline, had been withholding the evidence. Unfortunately, it took one more case in which the same thing occurred, to take away Cline’s license (The rise and fall of Tracey Cline).
Upon graduating from a law school, all prospective lawyers have to pass a bar exam, and after that they are sworn into the profession. All this is done in order to maintain the reputation of legal profession. Once a lawyer is accepted into the profession, together with the rights that they receive come certain obligations, which are codified in the codex of professional ethics. These rules and obligations are enforced in such a way that breaking any of the established principles results in being excluded from the profession.
Minor mistakes that result in a breach of the ethical principles, and which do not have far reaching consequences may be forgiven or fined in some other way, but serious offenses are always followed by the loss of the license. One must not forget that a lawyer’s reputation is sometimes even more important than their license because a license with bad reputation is worth little on the job market.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Ethical Issues for Defense Attorneys and Persecutors specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The nature of attorney-client relationship is such that the attorney is always in a position to better predict consequence of some actions, due to their training and experience. For the most part, clients are aware of this fact, and they usually agree with the attorney on the preferred course of action.
Nonetheless, problems arise when the opinions of the attorney and the client clash. In this situation, a lawyer faces a dilemma of whether to pursue the client’s interest or their will. The best thing to do, of course, is to give one’s best to explain the issue to the client, and persuade them to agree on the objectively most rational course of action.
However, when this yields no solution, the question becomes problematic, and demands accounting for many issues, but it can, nonetheless, be stated that it is best to comply with the client’s will. There are two basic reasons for this. Firstly, the client always has the right to cancel the attorney’s representation, and if they are really obstinate they will probably do so. Secondly, there is a possibility that the attorney’s plan might fail, and in that case, it would be very difficult to explain to the client that their idea would not be any better.
References Flowers, R. (2010). The Role of the Defense Attorney: Not Just an Advocate. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 7, 647-654.
Rosenthal, J. (2008). The Role of a Prosecutor and Criminal Defense Attorney – Avvo.com. Avvo.com – Expert Advice When You Need It Most. Web.
Rule 1.6: Confidentiality of Information | The Center for Professional Responsibility. (n.d.). American Bar Association. Web.
The Attorney-Client Privilege. (n.d.). Dartmouth College. Web.
The rise and fall of Tracey Cline – Twisted Truth – NewsObserver.com. (n.d.). News, Sports, Business, Politics – Raleigh, Durham, Chapel Hill | The News
Teaching and Ethics: When It Is the Teacher Who Is Taking the Test Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
It goes without saying that the work of a teacher is by far one of the most demanding and responsible ones of all. That is why, the ethical principles are supposed to be followed especially well in the field of teaching, given the fact that a teacher is responsible not only for the knowledge that the students are going to obtain, but also for establishing certain moral rules for children, teenagers and young adults.
Thus, it is most logical to suggest that the ethical problems are the rarest occasions in the realm of teaching; however, if taking a closer look at the profession, one will see that teaching presupposes fighting great ethical dilemmas.
The first ethical issue to consider is students cheating on tests. It happens everywhere, but the question is whether a teacher should fail an A student with a pony in his/her hand, or let it fly. In the given case, student-teacher relationships and the teacher’s morals matter much.
Since studying and teaching is not only about the process of learning, but also about the ability of building relationships among students and teachers, the second ethical dilemma that a teacher can possibly face is dealing with out-of-favor students. No matter how well the teaching process can go, there will always be the students a teacher likes best and those whom (s)he does not like at best. As a result, during the exam, all hell breaks loose when an out-of-favor student starts to answer.
Considering the situation, one must admit that, on the one hand, the teacher is supposed to ask questions, demand the best performance and grade students “F” if they do to deliver it. On the other hand, when only the “out-of-favor” students get a cold shoulder, the teacher is simply wrong.
Finally, it is worth touching upon another aspect of teachers’ abusing their power. Obviously, a teacher is no robot and has the right to be emotional; however, exposing the students to the teacher’s negativity is a no-no situation. For the problem to be clear, it is worth checking a specific case. Supposedly, Mr. Jackson had a very bad day and his spirits are lower than ever.
Entering the class, he starts talking to the students in a very rude manner and scolding them down. Whenever any of the students makes the slightest slip, the teacher answers sharply. In the given situation, it is easy to understand both parties; however, it is still the teacher’s fault hat (s)he lets emotions rule. However, an emotionless teacher is an equally unpleasant option. Thus, whether a teacher should be a human being with his/her bad days, or an emotionless robot is another dilemma.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it is obvious that teaching is not the kind of sphere where there is only one right way to act (Swennen
John Snow (The Father of Epidemiology) Descriptive Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction John Snow was a medical practitioner of English descent. He was instrumental in the acceptance of anaesthesia in the medical field. Snow is also hailed for his extensive study and contribution in the field of medical hygiene. However, he is best known for his work in relation to epidemiology. Snow carried out extensive research on the transmission and control of cholera. Due to his efforts, he is rightfully referred to as the father of epidemiology.
Discussion Whenever there is a sudden occurrence of a disease in a locality, it is expected that medical experts will visit the area to probe on its causes and on possible remedies (Rothman, 2012, p.34). But in the recent past, diseases were seen as a form of punishment from God or as resulting from invincible forces that were unknown to mankind.
John Snow was very instrumental in changing all that. In 1854, the Soho area of London was struck by an eruption of cholera. Snow hypothesised that the disease emanated from water that came into contact with raw sewage (Rothman, 2012, p.44). Back in the day, piped water was not available in homes. People got water from central points that were strategically positioned in the neighbourhood.
In the day, people maintained that cholera resulted from invisible gases known as miasma. John Snow did not subject to this school of thought. Snow drew a map indicating the location of all water pumps and the dwelling points of all the locals who were affected by the pandemic (Rothman, 2012, p.67).
In the end, Snow successfully showed that all the people who were affected consumed water from a specific pump in the neighbourhood. Snow forwarded his findings to the local authorities. They gave credence to snow’s theory. Consequently, the authorities disabled the central pump and the pandemic ceased.
Scientists constantly disagree on various issues. They evaluate nature by conducting scientific experiments. Scientists change their perception of nature whenever they formulate a new set of ideas on a particular area of concern (Merrill, 2010, p.88). After Snow’s research, scientists changed their understanding of cholera.
Snow’s research undertakings in relation to cholera are still relevant in the contemporary field of medicine. From his works, it is evident that the first step in fighting a disease of cholera’s nature is to establish how the disease is spread from one person to another. This is followed by the execution of preventive measures. Snow opined that the causative agent of cholera was microscopic, cell-like and capable of multiplying (Merrill, 2010, p.97).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unlike his colleagues in the medical field, Snow directed his energy into determining how the disease was communicated from one individual to another. Snow focused his attention on the social factors that favoured the communication of cholera. The factors were: unavailability of soap and clean water, lack of light to detect contamination, lack of knowledge on hygienic practices and human activities in mines that forced men to dispose their faecal wastes inappropriately (Merrill, 2010, p.112).
Conclusion Snow is remembered for having studied fields that were dear to human race. He majored on the formulation of a safe and reliable surgical anaesthesia and put immeasurable effort into forestalling cholera. From his studies, it is clear that a disease cannot be treated without a clear understanding of how it is transmitted.
Snow’s work has largely influenced the modern field of epidemiology. Researchers draw inspiration from his determination and regard for science. Snow’s research continues to inspire modern epidemiologists in their work. In the recent past, many communicable diseases have been effectively cured through research.
References Merrill, R. (2010). Introduction to Epidemiology. London: Jones
“White Guys Who Prefer Not To: From Passive Resistance To Terrorist Acts” by Robert Schultz Essay cheap essay help
The concepts of consumerism, materialism and conformity factor heavily into the overall theme of the novel with the following phrase being an apt summary of such aspects: “then you’re trapped in your lovely nest, and the things you used to own; now they own you” (Schultz, 583-605).
What you have to understand is that Palahniuk portrays materialism and consumerism as adverse controlling influences within people’s lives in modern day society. This can be seen in the current pop culture obsession over getting the new iPhone 5, wearing branded clothes, having a particular hair style or driving a certain type of car.
For Palahniuk, such aspects of behavior can be considered a form of irrational exuberance which is defined as: “the act of people basing their behavior on the actions of other people” (Schultz, 583-605). This can be seen in the thought process of the main character wherein his subsequent depression over the state of his life is actually based on a comparison between what he currently possesses and what society dictates he must possess (Schultz, 583-605).
A similar way of thinking can be seen within many of the other members of the fight club, especially in the case of project mayhem, wherein their adverse and apathetic views towards society as a whole is in part influenced by their frustration over the need to conform to a materialistic consumerist oriented society.
It is based on this that one way of interpreting this particular theme of the novel is to consider that, in an individual’s quest to conform to what is expected of them within society whether it is material gain or social status, they tend to lose the freedom to be who they want to be.
This was exemplified in the previous line taken from the novel revolving around the concept of “things owning you”. What you have to understand is that in the pursuit of social conformity people within the novel as well as in real life tend to take on more than they should.
This comes in the form of excess credit card debt, home loans, car loans and all other forms of debt accumulated to conform to the expectations of society regarding the correlation between material possessions and having a place within society as a whole. Unfortunately, this way of thinking often results in people having to take on burdens to pay for things they do not need, in order to impress people they do not know or like and, as a result, they become stuck in a cycle wherein what they own defines who they are.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In essence, this is what Palahniuk refers to as “things owning people” since once something defines who you are it in effect owns you with the end result of you losing your freedom. It is due to this situation that the author creates a parallel theme involving the desire to be free from this state of irrational exuberance.
This can be seen in the following phrase by the narrator when he describes Tyler Durden “Tyler is capable and free, and I am not (Schultz, 583-605)”. Such a statement, when coupled with the sheer amount of people that became members of the fight club, can be considered indicative of a deep seated desire to be free from the shackles of conformity within society with the only way of doing so is through a distinctly nonconformist type of behavior (Schultz, 583-605).
Works Cited Schultz, Robert T. “White Guys Who Prefer Not To: From Passive Resistance (‘Bartleby’) To Terrorist Acts (Fight Club).” Journal Of Popular Culture 44.3 (2011): 583-605. Literary Reference Center. Web.
The Book of Job Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
Introduction The Book of Job is rich in literature. This has earned the classification as a literature masterpiece. Various authors such as Victor Hugo, Tennyson and Danny Webster, among others have praised it for works of literature. However, it is quite necessary to note that most Christians have rarely approached it in that aspect. In fact, to them, it is always an inspiration to do good deeds.
Interestingly, even though the book is ancient, it contains wonderful productions and works of literary genius. This has perplexed the world since it contains a mix of literary styles. This masterpiece is written in a poetic style. It is also considered as the first of five poetic books of the Old Testament.
These include Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, Psalms and Job. Moreover, Paul (Ro 11:35) and James (Jm 5:10-11) have referred to it in the New Testament as an inspiration for patience. This authenticates the book as part of the 66 books of the Bible. In essence, this book is essential and relevant to both the world and Christians. This is because the world can draw its valuable literary works from it while Christians utilize it as inspiration to persevere and continue doing good even in tough times (Harris 45).
Dating of the book As it has been stated above, the Book of Job is the first of five poetic books in the Old Testament. In fact, it has been commonly referred to as wisdom literature due to its contributions to it. The dating of this book has been mysterious since no specific period is provided. However, some historians have placed it in Moses’s time (pre 1500 B.C.). On the other hand, others have placed it in Solomon’s time (ca. 900 B.C.). Still other scholars have placed it in Babylonian Exile’s time (post 600 B.C.).
In essence, there is no clear date provided for the Book of Job. However, it is necessary to note that there is enough proof to show that it was actually written during the time of Old Testament. This is because Paul quotes it in his letters to both the Romans (Ro 11:35, which relates to Job 41:11) and Corinthians (1Co 3:19, which relates to Job 5: 13).
These verses prove that Job is among the books of the Bible, which were inspired by God and written at various times in history. Therefore, even though the exact date is not available, it can be placed within a period in history in reflection of the possible author (Mitchel 14).
Writer Given that the time of Job’s life is not written as well as the date when the book was created, it is also a guess on who wrote the book. Some scholars have suggested that Solomon wrote it, others consider that Moses and others credit it to Job. On the other hand, some authors have suggested that it was written by Elihu. Still some have suggested Hezekiah, Isaiah and Jeremiah’s scribe Baruch. These arguments are based on the time it was written.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, it is also quite important to note that historical setting of the book as this helps to identify possible writers at that time. For instance, most scholars suggest that it took place during the time of patriarchs like Abraham. If this is the case, then it was written by Moses.
On the other hand, if it happened during the time of Solomon, then Solomon would be the most likely genuine writer. Similarly, if it happened during the Babylonian exile period, then Hezekiah would be suggested. In essence, its historical placing would most likely give the writer. However, it is important to note that the book was written for inspiration. Nonetheless, it does not indicate the author for reasons that are still unknown.
Type of literature The Book of Job is known as a masterpiece of literature. In fact, in some columns, it is referred to as literary genius. This is because of the numerous literary works utilized in its production. For instance, it contains poetry, proverbs, narrative, laws, songs, wisdom, among others. Firstly, most parts of the book are written in a poetic form through the use of songs and cycles of speech.
These works are valuable as they emphasize the use of precious literary works in ancient period. In fact, the book is among those which are considered as poetic books in the bible. Also it includes the Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, Proverbs and Psalms. The other type of literature used in the book is wisdom. In fact, the book is sometimes referred as wisdom literature along with Ecclesiastes and Proverbs.
This is mainly because of the level of wisdom that is contained in the book as seen in Job’s character. The other literature type utilized is the use of a song. Job praises the Lord with songs and prayers in the book despite his sufferings. The third chapter presents Job’s poetic speeches in which he curses the day of his birth (Job 3:11‑23). This portrays poetry in the book (Most 1).
Purpose of the book The Book of Job has a number of teachings. In fact, it brings to view the fact that life is not a free sailing even for Christians. Scholars have suggested several aims of the book. These include reasons why God allows the righteous sufferer to suffer and explain the importance of patience, true faith in God and remaining steadfast in God. However, the main aspects that are covered in this book relate to the reasons for suffering.
In essence, this book serves the purpose of asking on how righteous people should suffer. Throughout the book, it is quite evident that Job suffers without sinning. Moreover, he goes on to perseverance despite calamities and diseases brought upon him by Satan. This shows a true faith and perseverance as desired by Christians. In fact, James, the brother of the Lord, affirms this when he encourages Christians to follow the steps of Job (Jm 5:11).
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Book of Job specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In essence, the book portrays how righteousness is supposed to bare under sufferings. Most Christians usually think that sufferings only come as wages of sin. However, this is contradicted in the book. It therefore shows that righteousness is required even there is suffering. Moreover, Christians should understand that they might be called upon to pass through various temptations by the devil as a proof of their loyalty to God.
Themes Several themes are portrayed in the Book of Job. These include the theme of perseverance, trust, punishment for sins and suffering for good, among others. The theme of perseverance is highlighted throughout the book through Job’s sufferings.
It is quite interesting to know that in spite of all sufferings that Job undergoes, he does not curse God but rather himself. Moreover, his friends and wife encourage him to curse God with telling him to repent of a sin they perceive him to have committed but Job remains steadfast in his service to God (Mitchel 26).
The theme of perseverance continues throughout the book in Job’s case. However, his wife gives up and even compels him to curse God and die. It can therefore be observed that various vessels such as Job’s wife and friends are utilized to counter the theme of perseverance. However, Job dismisses all of them and continues in his loyalty to God. In the end, Job’s perseverance is rewarded in double potion.
The theme of trust is portrayed by Job and his friends who believe in God’s ability to punish sin. This remains throughout the book. In addition, the theme of punishment for sin is elaborated by Job’s friends who perceive that he has sinned against God to suffer such calamities. However, the theme of perseverance takes its place as the main theme in the book. This is proved by James when he calls Job as a man of perseverance (Jm 5:11).
Academic issues of debate found among scholars A number of issues have risen that divide scholars on the book. For instance, the historical placing of this book has been a big issue. While some scholars place it in the time of patriarchs, others have placed in the times of Solomon. On the other hand, some scholars have placed it in the times of Babylonian Exile. This shows the differences in placing its historical setting. However, it is important to note that most of them concur on its existence and as part of the Old Testaments.
This is mainly based on the way it was written, which resembles the other books of the Bible in introduction and conclusion. Other academic issues debated in the Book of Job include the purpose of the book. This is highly debatable because there are many purposes that could be drawn from the book. Among these are the need for perseverance, the trust in God, the ways of sufferings and others (Smith 213).
Religious use The Book of Job has varied religious use. It has helped individuals know the tempter, Satan who works to find mistakes in God’s people. The book has various religious significances. These include its defense of absolute perfection and glory of God (1:9-11).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Book of Job by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In fact, Job proves the Satan’s wrong in his submission to God as other Christians are expected to follow (1:20-22; 2:10). Throughout the book, Job refrains from cursing God even though he suffers great loss in possession, family and diseases. Moreover, he has no knowledge that he is under temptation.
This is proved in his admission that God gives and takes (Satan brought about all problems). The book also approves patience as a means of maintaining fidelity to God. Again, it prepares people for the coming of Christ (Job 9:33; 33:23). Furthermore, it answers man’s questions regarding suffering and its relations to both righteous and wicked people. It therefore has valuable religious teachings and use (Coogan 385)
Application today This book is important to both Christians and the world. Christians gain valuable inspiration on perseverance and the rewards expected for maintaining fidelity to God. Christians are therefore taught to serve the Lord with absolute reverence, as this is essential in ensuring a full loyalty. Moreover, the blessings associated with fidelity are overwhelming as seen in Job’s blessing at the end of his sufferings.
The Book of Job also teaches Christians that life is not a free sailing. In fact, those who serve God faithfully are tried to be swayed away by the Satan. For instance, in Job’s case, he offered sacrifices on behalf of his family to cleanse them from sins. However, the Satan wanted to test his loyalty to God in different situations as well as in sickness. He triumphed against the Satan and God blessed him with double praise.
Today, Christians are encouraged to believe in Christ and love one another. In many occasions, the devil will tempt their resolve to love one another through arguments and malice among others. However, they are to show their fidelity by loving one another despite any conditions (Kraft 1).
Conclusion The Book of Job is highly influential in Christians’ life. This is mainly because it encourages them to believe no matter what situations occur. This book is the first of five poetic books of the Bible. It contains valuable literature works that have amazed the world given the ancient origin. The book does not indicate its author or the time when it has been written. However, its historical evidence is confirmed in the New Testament. Moreover, Elihu is considered to be from the family of Ram, which is relevant in Abraham’s time.
The book portrays various types of literature and themes, which include wisdom, narratives, poetry, law and others. On the other hand, it includes belief in life after death, belief in the need for mediator (Christ), perseverance and trust and so on. Job trusted in God so much as to perseverance throughout all his afflictions. The book teaches Christians to persevere in both good and bad times. Moreover, it teaches people to conquer the reality of sufferings in the world with this faith irrespectively of being righteous or not (Copeland 1).
Works Cited Coogan, Michael. A Brief Introduction to the Old Testament. Oxford: Oxford Press, 2009. Print.
Copeland, Mark. The Book of Job – A Study Guide. 3 March 2009. Web.
Harris, Stephen. Understanding the bible (7th Ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.
Kraft, Robert. Job, from The holy Bible, King James version. 1995. Web.
Mitchel, Stephen. The Book of Job. New York, NY: Harper Perennial, 1992. Print.
Most, William. The Book of Job. 3 Nov. 2003. Web.
Smith, James. What the Bible Teaches about the Promised Messiah. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1993. Print.
Oedipus the King Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Sacrifice For The Sake Of the City
Intelligence and Restraint
Introduction Pericles, a leader and respected man in Athens, was a skilled orator. His literary work had a significant impact on the people of Athens even after he died. During his time, Athens was occasionally at war. With the successful defense of the city, it was required that an honorable burial be conducted for those who had died. A speech from a respected figure was also required.
A monologue by Pericles, which was a speech at a funeral of some of the dead soldiers, is one of the most renowned pieces of oratory work in history (Zimmern 16). On the other hand, Sophocles was also an Athenian playwright. His plays were multifaceted and often featured elements of tragedy. In addition, he reflected on honor and victory in his plays (Berg
Starting a Business in Russia Analytical Essay best essay help
The business opportunities that are prevalent in Russia It must be noted that Russia does offer immense opportunities to those wishing to engage in business. However, there is a negative perception that can be attributed to misinformation about Russia’s economic environment. Actually, it can be argued that undeveloped and untapped business environment provides a very easy way for penetrating in the market (Lieberman 189).
In this regard, it must be appreciated that the most appropriate industry to get into is the apparel industry because there is a need to provide western style clothing to the citizens of Russia. A concept that is quickly gaining popularity in Russia is the malls providing the means for the consumers to fulfill all their shopping needs under one roof. It must also be pointed out that Russia does not have a lot of department stores that are very instrumental in boosting the sales of the apparel.
An entrepreneur who wishes to venture in this market must strive to provide a bigger store that offers a wide variety of apparel. This is because large stores are very attractive to the Russians. Consequently, large department stores have a high chance to become successful in Russia as they are a relatively new concept. Competition is not very well developed in Russia, and it has been put that competition is what will propel Russia from being an emerging economy to a leading economy.
According to Blaszczyk (10), the only departmental store in Russia, TSUM, targets the high-end market. This signals the need for the market to have stores that target the growing middle-class in Russia. It has been pointed out that the Russians are yearning for shopping facilities that provide a one-stop shop.
Another issue that is likely to work in favor of the entrepreneur is the fact that the number of consumers in Russia is set to increase considerably over the next few years. One of the strengths of this market is that the Russians spend a bigger chunk of their income on apparel as compared to the consumers in other countries such as Poland, Hungary, China, Germany and the USA.
The apparel market in Russia According to Makarova (1), the apparel market is not very saturated in Russia. To support this assertion it has been adduced that the apparel market grew by about 32.5% in the period between 2006 and 2010.
For this reason, the sector attracts a lot of investors who may wish to venture in Russia. Most of the sales made in this market are out of the imports made into the country since Russia does not produce enough fabric to satisfy the local market. Because of this deficit in the production of textile, it is expected that the amount of imports will keep on increasing in order to meet the needs of the local market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it can be seen that the investors who may wish to venture in Russia apparel industry would have to import their wares in order to meet the local demand for apparel and textiles. Additionally, it must be noted that the foreign brands are very popular in Russia.
One of the reasons as to why Russians prefer to import their apparel is the diminishing stock of cotton that has been as a result of reduced production. This has the effect of increasing the cost of cotton. Consequently, the cost of apparel produced in Russia ends up being very costly. What this portends for the apparel industry in Russia is that there has been an increase in the production of synthetic fibers. This in effect implies that the natural fibers will become the preserve of the customers in the high-end market.
In 2009, the prospects for the apparel industry were not very encouraging. However, when the local currency strengthened the volume of sales in the industry, it went up considerably. Another aspect that needs to be appreciated revolves around the issue of sportswear. It has been postulated that the popularity for healthy lifestyle in Russia has risen in the past few years. As a result, there has been an increase in the sales of sports gear. This in effect signals to the traders that they should start stocking more sportswear in order to enhance their sales.
The challenges which are prevalent in Russia business environment It has been suggested that Russia economy is likely to experience a slow down in the coming years. This will have an adverse effect on the ability of the Russians to purchase imports and they will instead prefer the local products. However, it must also be appreciated that despite that challenge there is a very great likelihood that the incomes for the Russians are set to increase.
This implies that their disposable income is likely to increase as well. According to Barrow and Molian (233) these forecasts on growth are pegged on the postulates that the country will continue to enjoy the economic and political stability that has existed for a very long time.
It has also been said that apparel is one of the most important commodities that are purchased in Russia. For this reason, it can be pointed out that the purchase of apparel is directly dependent on income, economic conditions and living standards.
According to Charlton (134) the Russian apparel market is growing. This shows the great potential of the apparel industry. It must also be appreciated that women apparel make up about 60% of the entire apparel market. This implies that the largest growth potential can only be found by selling women apparel.
We will write a custom Essay on Starting a Business in Russia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, the segment that has the least growth prospects is the underwear. It has also been said that outdoor markets are taken to be the most popular apparel distribution channel accounting for about 75% of all the apparel sales. Nonetheless, when it comes to urban centers 11-22% prefers to shop in single brand boutiques while 45% prefer to purchase apparel from the shopping malls (Bohdanowicz and Clamp 47).
A research that has been carried out shows those sales from the traditional type of apparel outlets are likely to decline significantly over time. This is because there is likely to be an influx of traders who are likely to come up with modern stores that are modeled along the western apparel stores. Another hurdle that the new entrants in the market are likely to face concerns the outdoor marketing. This is because a law has been enacted restricting the activities of foreign nationals in the outdoors markets.
The cities that provide the most opportunities when it comes to the sales of apparel are Moscow and St Petersburg. In fact, it has been said that 40% of the sales of apparel are made in these two cities. Moscow, for instance, has pursued a policy that is meant to push away the traditional types of retail outlets while encouraging the introduction of modern types of stores. This move has largely been said to be successful (Bohdanowicz and Clamp 47).
This implies that the traders who still embrace the traditional outlets are moving away from the city centers, and into those regions where the traditional outlets are still preferred over the modern ones. Another possible method that has been found to be instrumental in the promoting of the sale of apparel is internet marketing. It is expected that by 2020 the sales made over the intent will have doubled to 20%. This implies that internet marketing is the next frontier through which the apparel traders can increase their sales prospects in Russia.
Conclusion Despite the fact that very little information on business opportunities in Russia is readily available, there are a lot of opportunities that are available. This can largely be due to the fact that there is a lot of untapped potential in the Russian business environment. Secondly, it has been noted that Russians nowadays prefer malls whereby they can purchase all that they need within the same complex.
This can be very instrumental in promoting a culture of consumption, which effect would be to enhance the sales of apparel. It must also be appreciated that women apparel accounts for the largest percentage of the sales made. Therefore, the traders should always make a point of stocking women apparel in order to boost their sales.
Works Cited Barrow, Colin and Molian David. Enterprise Development: The Challenges of Starting, Growing and Selling businesses, London, United Kingdom: Cengage Learning, 2005. Print.
Blaszczyk, Regina. Producing Fashion: Commerce, Culture, and Consumers. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Starting a Business in Russia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bohdanowicz, Janet and Clamp, Liz. Fashion Marketing. New York, NY: Routledge, 1994. Print.
Charlton, Angela. Frommer’s Moscow and St. Petersburg, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley And Sons, 2012. Print.
Lieberman, Ira. Russia: Creating Private Enterprises and Efficient Markets. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1995. Print.
Makarova, Liudmila, Export Clothes and Apparels or Textiles to Russia. Web.
How Far the Ultimate Problem-Solving Method Can Be Pushed: Where Empiricism Fails Analytical Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction: Where the Argument Stems from
The Ultimate Problem-Solving Method Works
When Practical Consequences Cannot Be Figured out
Conclusion: Being a Part of the Solution
Introduction: Where the Argument Stems from Years after the era of debates on whether scientific investigation or a prior method should be used as a cornerstone of philosophy and the means to obtain a crystal clear truth, it seems that the concepts of Peirce have considerably more longevity and are more tied with the modern idea of a common sense than those of his opponent William James.
However, it is still questionable that all the ideas offered by Peirce have stood the time test and are still just as doubtless. Taking a closer look at some of Peirce’s arguments, one can possibly see whether James Peirce’s ideas are still just as impressive as they were decades back.
The Ultimate Problem-Solving Method Works According to Peirce, every single problem, even the one concerning the realm of metaphysics, can actually have a solution once the practical consequences of following various ideas are considered fully. As the philosopher explained, this postulate, being an integral part of Pragmatism as a philosophical tradition, serves as the ultimate way to see the connection between the action and its consequence.
Indeed, if taking a closer look at the way things work in real life, one can claim with certainty that there are always the predictable outcomes for each situation. Consequently, if making a list of all the possible moves and the probable results which these moves will lead to, one is bound to come up with a more or less adequate solution. Therefore, Peirce’s method can be considered valid.
When Practical Consequences Cannot Be Figured out However, when applying Peirce’s ideas into practice, one is bound to see that a complex conflict is likely to appear. On the one hand, considering all existing means of solving the issue does lead to understanding the results of these solutions; however, one can never tell if not a single opportunity has been missed.
Despite the fact that a human brain is really a nature’s work of art and a wonderful mechanism for dealing with all sorts of puzzles, it still has imperfections, which means that certain methods of solving a problem can simply slip one’s mind.
Moreover, knowing all possible solutions presupposes learning all information on a certain issue, with all the connections to seemingly irrelevant things, which is practically impossible. With the limitations of a human brain, even the use of a certain mechanism, e.g., a computer, does not seem reasonable.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion: Being a Part of the Solution Therefore, it can be concluded that James Peirce’s arguments are yet to be discussed and need solid proofs. When applied in a certain context, the idea that every single problem can be solved once predicting its consequences might be right, yet as a common truth, this statement seems a little bit too far-fetched.
However, the factors of the situation are to be taken into account as well; once learning all the causes, as well as the prerequisites of a certain event, it can be predicted quite easily. Nevertheless, what the supporters of the given argument miss is the fact that keeping the track of all the factors and elements concerned is hardly even possible. Therefore, it seems that Peirce’s idea lacks essential details or more reasonable grounds.
Clifford/James on Whether and When It Is Ok to Believe without Sufficient Evidence Opinion Essay college admission essay help
Clifford/James argument is devoted to the issue that there are cases when people have to believe the information without additional arguments and proofs. This statement cannot be agreed on as there are no cases when people are to believe others without supportive arguments.
It is possible to accept the evidence without any arguments, however, one will still need the argumentation. The acceptance of the argument without support does not mean the belief in it. The belief without sufficient evidence may lead to disappointment in a person who has offered an idea.
There are a lot of cases when trusting someone without asking supportive argumentation people were left frustrated at the end when it came out that the opinion of another person was wrong. One of the main reasons why it is impossible to trust without sufficient evidence is that all people have a different vision of life and situations, therefore, being good enough for a person, the issue may seem negative for another one and the arguments may help give a vision of what one is talking about.
One of the most spread examples of this idea is the purchase of the service. Having used the services of a master, one person may be satisfied with the work. Chanting the praises of the master, a person may give a recommendation to another one, however, this is a bad idea to believe without arguments.
The quality is an abstract notion and different people understand it in various ways. When someone is sure that the quality means the pleasant appearance after the work of the master is completed, others may be sure that quality is the way how the work has been performed, the quality of the materials used, etc. Therefore, it may be stated that the different vision of the quality of a performed work does not allow people to trust without arguments.
Another example of the similar statement is when people give pieces of advice about the vacation. One should not believe without arguments why the place is great for having a vacation as for some people noisy place with active entertainments is an ideal place for spending time while others may believe that a good rest is possible only when a silence is the only support of a person.
Tastes differ, therefore, it is impossible to dwell upon absence of arguments if one wants to remain satisfied. When people dwell upon some issues they usually consider their personal point of view from the personal life position. This statement is correct, however, there is no any guarantee that another person has the same life position, likes and visions. Thus, the argumentation is important.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Both, Clifford and James are sure that there are cases when a statement may be trusted without additional arguments. However, I have provided several situations when the belief without any explanation may lead to complete dissatisfaction, as a result. Various people have different points of view, tastes and a vision of life. These aspects are very important in decision making, therefore, relying on somebody’s statement without any supportive arguments one risks pity about it in the future.
Clifford and James are wrong as trusting others without sufficient arguments may lead to disappointment. All the statements are to be supported with argumentation, otherwise, people risk remain dissatisfied and never trust others as having been deceived once people will search faults in other pieces of advice. Nevertheless, the acceptance of the opinion of another person is possible only if one knows for sure what arguments may be offered.
Immigration’s Influence on the USA Essay online essay help: online essay help
Migrations can be discussed as the most remarkable characteristics of the modern world which development is influenced by the globalization processes.
The USA is the classic country of immigration where immigrants form one of the significant categories of the country’s population. However, the question of the role of immigrants in the U.S. social and economic life is still controversial. A lot of people are inclined to discuss the tendencies of increasing the number of immigrants, especially illegal immigrants, as the negative factor for the U.S. progress.
These viewpoints are predominately based on the social biases which are connected with the situation of illegal immigration. Nevertheless, the negative public opinion toward immigrants in relation to the economic and social issues cannot be justified because the controlled processes of immigration in the USA have many advantages for the country’s economic and social development when the negative vision of the phenomenon can be explained by the prejudice developed in the society.
Migrations are the processes of the people’s movement from some territories to the other lands, and these movements depend on the question of satisfying the people’s needs at this or that territory. Many historical processes are based on migrations, and it is unreasonable to reject the fact of the migrations’ impact on the development of the receiving territory. The first settlers at the territories of the modern USA were immigrants.
Today, the processes of immigration do not stop because the developed country’s economy and high life standards attract more immigrants every year. This process has many advantages which are studied in the field of the economics of immigration. Thus, immigration is the source of the high-skilled persons and professionals who are necessary for the development of the country’s science and technology sphere and industry. Moreover, many economic sectors are based on the cheap labor of workers who are immigrants.
The main problem of this process is in the fact of employers’ hiring illegal immigrants with paying them comparably lower wages. However, this question does not influence Americans directly, and it is important to be examined from the point of the immigration policy. The Americans’ negative reaction to the situation is often based on the lack of understanding the cultural differences between them and immigrants.
It is important to note that millions of immigrants live in the USA permanently, have working visas or undocumented. Many immigrants from Latin America and Asia, and they can affect the cultural diversity of the society significantly. That is why, a lot of negative reactions to immigrants in the USA are provoked by cultural differences, misunderstandings, and biases. In spite of the fact immigrants developed the notion of freedom in the USA, today a lot of Americans are not free from biases toward immigrants who live and work nearby.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The phenomenon of immigration does not threaten the U.S. economy till it is based on strict immigration laws and control with paying attention to the forced external immigration control and to those employers who are inclined to hire illegal immigrants.
The public’s negative vision of immigration is not supported by the evidences that this process has a lot of disadvantages for the progress of the U.S. economy or social and cultural life. Furthermore, the researchers determine more benefits for the development of the U.S. segmented market and consumer economy.
Were the founding fathers blatantly sexist and misogynist in the foundation period of our republic? Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
Introduction There is a lot of apprehension on the vital role of elections and the merits and demerits of the political system and evolution in the United States. We shall see how both factors have intensively changed the way American politics are carried out. Most Americans view equal political opportunities and rights to exercise their democracy as the ideals which America should embrace most.
However, the same democracy that America seems to be promoting elsewhere continues to be undermined by the same government on American soil (Roskin, et al, 36). In our context, we will try to figure out whether America’s founding fathers were indeed sexists or misogynists in the foundation period. We also look at the new democracy in the United States, federalism, power division, and local government.
Democracy in the United States Majority of ordinary American citizens view the United States as a democratic nation simply because of the praise by outsiders about the good state of democracy in the nation. This is not the real case according to analysts in the political affairs of the United States. True democracy in America is felt by those in power and the elite.
The common citizen lives without his or her fair share of the privileges (Tausch and Prager, 46). It is evident that American citizens are not treated equally. It raises the question of whether America’s founding fathers actually lay the foundation of this kind. This situation continues to limit the country’s achievement of true liberty and equality among its citizens.
It is evident through the generations that the fore fathers indeed influenced greatly in the problems that America is having at the moment (Morris and Bertram, 25).One will realise that in former generations, numerous activities arose among the different cultures that were undermined. This saw the rise of the likes of Martin Luther King Jr. who died fighting for the rights and justice for all American people.
We see from history that women continued to be viewed as inferior and were actually denied some privileges like being in the military in the perception that they could not handle the pressure. This testifies to the fact that the founding fathers were indeed sexists and misogynists in their approaches in building America. It also raises questions on the integrity of the political system of the United States.
Establishing a Constitutional Democracy
In order to establish a true constitutional democracy in America, every leader has to embark on embracing and exercising the rights that the American Constitution offers by making sure that every citizen enjoys every privilege that he or she is entitled to.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Federalism: Division of Power National, State, and Local Government
Federalism in the United States has continued to evolve since the end of the American civil war. There has been a shift of power with the national government getting more power while certain states remain with less.
American Political Culture
Americans are so endeared to the perception that the country has the best in terms of democracy. The culture is built on ideals that are either constitutional or instilled by cultural principles and ethics. This culture has continued to show weaknesses in various areas as Americans continue to experience differences in incomes, wealth, and access to equal opportunities. Every American has a responsibility in shaping the country towards equality.
Works Cited Morris, P, and Bertram, J. The New American Democracy, New York: Pearson Education Limited, 2005.Print
Roskin, M, et al. Political Science: An Introduction. 10th ed, New York: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007.Print.
Tausch, A, and Prager, F. Towards a Socio-Liberal Theory of World Development, Basingstoke, MacMillan, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.Print
Leadership in Organization Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Globalization affectsleadership in diverse ways. Indicatively, there is an eminent increase in the level of organizational competitiveness. This trend remains observable within different business and organizational arena. The pattern explains the need for strategic leadership within organizations (DuBrin, 2011).
This paper defines the concept of leadership. It also highlights the significance of leadership and outlines its basic disparities with management. In addition, the discussion outlines and explains the six qualities of an effective leadership within organizational settings. Finally, there is a discussion of four different leadership styles. The paper also compares and analyzes the leadership styles. In this process, it provides examples of such leaders.
Leadership Leadership involves several functions and processes. Simply, it involves the process of directing individuals towards the attainment of specific objectives. The process involves controlling, managing and even manipulating. Leadership bears a lot of importance. Generally, groups of persons require an effective guidance and stewardship. The process enables timely accomplishment of principal goals. Observably, organizations are composed of diverse personalities (Polelle, 2007). Leadership helps in the processes of conflict resolutions.
Leadership enables individuals to develop analytical and critical skills. These are appropriate for effective dispute resolution. Leadership is important for personal motivation and inspiration. It is critical to note that motivation is a vital element in the development of novelty amongst various groups.
Therefore, leadership forms the springboard for innovation and transformation within organizations. Most leadership strategies play significant roles in introducing transformation or change initiatives within organizations. This practice remains entrenched in positive value systems and beliefs. Leadership is applicable in the nurturing and development of constructive behavior patterns and organizational culture (DuBrin, 2011).
There are several disparities between leadership and management processes. For example, unlike management, leadership operates to develop concepts and principles. On the other hand, management operations are purely administrative. Whilst most management procedures accept a given status quo, leadership processes enhance innovation.
Management applies pragmatic approaches in handling situations. However, leadership remains more resourceful (Jones
Electric Cars Advantages and Disadvantages Analytical Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Advantages of Electric cars
Disadvantages of Electric Cars
Introduction We live in a fast paced world with constant need for movement to various destinations, which warrants use of motor vehicles for fast and convenient transport. From ancient times, vehicles powered by energy from hydro-carbon sources have been used to meet the need for locomotion.
Incidentally, fossil fuel is non-renewable, has fluctuating prices and pollutes the environment. This has prompted the emergence of alternative sources of power for motor vehicles, which are fairly eco-friendly and relatively cheap. For the most part, electric cars offer a near perfect answer to this dilemma. Nevertheless, like all manmade machines electric cars have some disadvantages.
Definition Electric cars are motor vehicles whose engines are powered by electricity, unlike vehicles with internal combustion engines which use fuel. There are three types of electric cars: those that are powered explicitly by external electric sources, those that have rechargeable batteries and those that have built in generators to provide power for thrust (Gilles 202). Furthermore, electric cars are not necessarily powered by electricity generated by fossil fuel. Renewable sources of energy like solar and wind can also be used to generate electricity for propulsion.
In electric trains, the power is transmitted via overhead cables and then stored in batteries. On the other hand, electric cars are plugged into power sources for a few hours to charge the batteries that store energy used for propulsion (Piana 288). However, people are yet to fully embrace electric cars because they are still on a trial phase and the requisite infrastructure, like power recharge stations along highways, are scanty.
Advantages of Electric cars The most noteworthy attribute of electric cars is their eco-friendliness. They boast of having zero emissions of carbon dioxide, thus minimal environmental pollution. This is contrary to cars with internal combustion engines, which emit close to 20% of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere (Scoulos 162).
According to Scoulos, “Batteries could gradually become an overall less polluting fuel source in the long term, if more electricity is generated by non-carbon, renewable energy sources” (161). Furthermore, it is cheaper to operate an electric car compared to a conventional car, because it is cheaper to charge a car battery than refuel a tank. Additionally, electric car owners are accorded various privileges, like parking fee waivers in public places, due to the eco-friendly nature of their cars.
Moreover, electric cars loose just about around 10% of their energy through heat, which makes them energy efficient compared to their conventional counterparts that lose up to 80% of their energy (Scoulos 163). On the same note, electric cars have silent engines thus they produce minimum noise compared to conventional cars, which produce irritating noise. In addition, since electric cars can be powered by energy from innumerable sources, including renewable sources, the depletion of fossil fuel cannot render them redundant (Piana 289).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Disadvantages of Electric Cars Unfortunately, electric cars are not suited for long journeys and off road excursions. This is because they have less torque and can only attain a maximum speed of 55 miles per hour, which is significantly lower than that of a normal car.
In addition, electric cars are yet to be accorded the much needed infrastructural support, like charging and servicing stations along highways, to address contingencies that might crop up in the course of a journey. In fact, most mechanics find electric vehicles paradoxical because they are a rarity and interaction with them is limited to big cities (Gilles 201).
Additionally, electric cars are dependent on batteries that store charge which can only supply enough power for a limited number of hours. As a result, a full tank of a conventional car can give a driver more mileage than a fully charged battery of an electric car. Gilles states that “A Key problem that prevents their widespread use is that they have a somewhat limited range between recharges (less than 100 miles), and recharging requires several hours at best” (201).
In this regard, electric car owners have to operate within a given radius where they are confident of getting a power source and a service station. This confines them to established cities with the aforesaid facilities. In addition, since electric cars are noiseless they are prone to accidents because people with visual disability cannot hear them when approaching crossing zones.
Conclusion In this age of global warming and economic recessions that inflate the prices of virtually everything, the use of eco-friendly and cheaper sources of energy to power machines has become paramount. Electric cars therefore play a pivotal role in the preservation of the environment since they have minimal emissions.
However, it is incumbent upon manufacturers of electric cars to carry out aggressive marketing in order to popularize these vehicles. Furthermore, the public needs to be sensitized on the advantages of embracing technology that reduces green house gas emissions. Moreover, there is a need to improve the speed of electric cars and power retention capacity of batteries, to charm the users of conventional cars to switch to electric cars.
Works Cited Gilles, Tim. Automotive Services: Inspection, Maintenance, Repair. Stanford: Cengage Learning, 2003. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Electric Cars Advantages and Disadvantages specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Piana, Valentino. Innovative Economic Policies for Climatic Change Migrations. Gainesville: EWI, 2009. Print.
Scoulos, Michael J. Mercury, Cadmium, Lead: Handbook for Sustainable Heavy Metals Regulation. New York: Springer, 2001. Print.
The Concept of Energy Essay essay help online
Energy is referred as the capacity of a body or a system to function or operate. The concept of energy is very common and widespread in all scientific fields. This however, explains the varied explanation and approach of the term ‘energy’ across various contexts such as physics, biology, and chemistry.
In the context of this study, energy is the vitality or power that would be needed for sustained mental or physical functioning of various bodies. In other words, this is the indirectly observed quantity normally viewed as the ability of a physical body to function or operate normally.
As it would be observed, energy exists in numerous different forms, and these can be electrical, chemical, mechanical, radiant or light, and heat or thermal forms of energy. Energy is a fundamental part of modern life that plays a crucial role in almost every sector of human life. For instance, people use energy to make their work easier in various fields of operation, and to process things in a more convenient style.
More importantly, energy is used for lighting purposes and to power machinery as well as other significant equipment that makes life easier and more exciting for humans. There are many sources of energy, and this would range from renewable to non-renewable sources. While energy is crucial and beneficial to human life in many ways, it is nevertheless one of the major causes of the common global issues currently affecting the human nature.
A good example here is the combustion of fuels for the purpose of powering cars among other machineries and equipment, which is arguably one of the major activities having the biggest impact on the progressive issue of the global warming. Among other key concerns, the operations of the global energy sector have drawn incessant scrutiny from the global leaders as a result of the above reason.
Concerns about the issue of global warming, which is observed to be necessitated by the combustion of fossil fuels, has immensely contributed to the implementation of a number of strategies that would be applied in dealing with the problem. In this regard, a massive shift from the use of fossil fuels to renewable sources of energy appears to be the most effective step which can successfully implement this goal.
This plan aims at repowering America and the entire world with carbon-free forms of energy within the next one or so decade. The brains behind this plan have concluded that, there is a possibility of such a change if the necessary measures towards the plan where taken. Other big concerns that have had influential impact on the plan would include things such as high prices of oil, land use, the wildlife, global water supply, environmental pollution, and heightening government concerns.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The many implications that the generation and use of fossil fuels would tend to have on all the above aspects are likely to be minimized or even eradicate completely the effect of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, through the use of renewable forms of energy usually generated from water, wind and solar. It has been proven that the construction, operation and execution of renewable sources produces almost zero emissions of harmful pollutants and greenhouse gases, and this makes them safer over the non-renewable sources.
There is confidence that, the global energy systems can easily be transformed through widespread use of solar installations, wind turbines and water machines, which do not present emission of significant gases and other waste products. This could be an effective approach in eliminating the immense pollution associated with the non-renewable sources of energy used in modern transportation sector.
Renewable Sources of Energy This normally refers to those sources of energy that are continually restored or replenished. What makes renewable sources of energy more reliable over non-renewable sources is the fact that, these forms of energy can be used as many times as they would be required.
As it would be observed, renewable sources of energy sustain a relatively high percentage of the overall human energy consumption. Many countries are gradually shifting to these forms of energy sources, considering the high costs and the many effects associated with non-renewable energy sources.
More importantly, there are many health and financial benefits that can be associated with renewable sources of energy, and this makes them the most preferred energy sources over non-renewable sources such as natural gas, coal and oil, which have continued to present immense social and health issues to the global population. Some of the common examples of renewable energy sources would include things like wind power, geothermal power, solar power, biomass power, and hydropower.
Non-Renewable Sources of Energy These are energy sources that can be found on earth in limited capacity, and that are likely to become extinct within a specific period of time. Non-renewable energy sources would constitute of nuclear power, natural gas, coal, and oil.
Unlike the renewable sources, it is not easy to regenerate non-renewable sources of energy for human energy consumption whenever it is necessary. Non-renewable sources of energy are classified into two main groups namely; nuclear fuel and fossil fuels. Nuclear fuel is generated out of radioactive substances that do occur naturally.
We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of Energy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A good example of this classification is uranium which can be found in soil and rocks. These elements are transformed into energy through extraction and concentration, to produce fuel rods that can generate heat, when placed closed to each other. The heat is the form of energy here, and can be used to transform water into steam, thus producing electricity that can be used in different ways.
The above diagram illustrates the process by which nuclear fuel is generated from Uranium.
Fossil fuels, on the other hand, are energy in the form of fuels which can be extracted from the earth’s surface, where they are said to be generated through geological processes on dead matter. Examples of fossil fuels include materials such as natural gas and oil, which tend to undergo millions of years to form under the earth’s surface.
It is believed that, both gas and oil are generated from the remains of dead living things in the bottom of seas, which have been covered by layers of other sediments. According to study findings, it may take many millions of years for gas and oil to form under the earth’s surface, before they eventually sieve into the earth’s surface through porous rocks.
The diagram below illustrates how gas and oil are generated from the earth’s surface.
Overview of Various Resources of Renewable Energy Wind Energy
Wind energy is a form of energy whereby wind turbines are used to produce electricity for human consumption. Wind energy has been applied by humans for avery long time to perform various tasks, such pumping of water and winnowing of grains. Normally, wind turbines intended for generation of electricity are mounted on tall structures, where they can capture large masses of airflows needed to produce energy.
The power output in this resource would tend to increase as the speed of wind increases. In this regard, areas with constant and stronger winds are the most preferable sites for wind farms. Wind Power Turbines in the US are common in Alaska and New Zealand States, where the speed of wind is known to be higher than that of any other place in the country.
The global use of wind as a reliable source of energy has increased dramatically in the last few decades. Wind is not only one of the most attractive sources of energy, but it also among the cleanest sources of renewable energy, and for these reasons, it is the fastest advancing energy technology in the world. Wind energy supplies about one percent of the US electricity needs and this capacity is observed to be growing rapidly, owing to recent developments.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Concept of Energy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Advantages of Wind Energy Resources
Wind is a clean source of energy i.e. it does not produce greenhouse gases or any other form of hazardous products that can be harmful to human and animal health.
The energy is abundant and free to use.
Wind turbines normally take minimal space compared to the normal power station, and therefore, it is land economical.
Wind energy can be combined other sources of energy such as solar to provide a steady supply of energy in form of electricity.
Wind energy is less costly compared to other forms of non-renewable energy which may need to be imported from foreign countries.
Wind is a reliable source of energy for regions where wind is stronger and more constant.
Wind is a relatively long-lasting source of energy for human energy needs and in that case, it is reliable and more convenient.
Disadvantages of Wind Energy Resources
This form of energy is unreliable since winds are unpredictable in many regions.
Construction and erection of wind turbines is obviously very expensive and time consuming.
Many people are yet to give in to the idea of wind energy as an efficient source of energy, and for that reason, there would be amid protests against development of wind farms in some regions.
Wind turbines can sometimes be very noisy, and in that case, they are not fit in residential areas.
According to recent studies, wind turbines are observed to be among the largest killers of birds in many regions of the world, where they are applied.
This is the use of sunlight to generate electricity which can be used for lighting, heating, and cooling purposes in our homes. As it would be observed, solar energy, which comes from the sun, is a significant source of energy, since it influences all the other forms of renewable energy in a number of ways.
For instance, heat and light from the sun plays a crucial role in the growth of plants which can in turn be used for the generation of biomass energy. More importantly, solar heat also plays a key role in evaporation and precipitation cycles which are essential for the generation of hydropower.
A good example of popular solar energy resources is the Copper Mountain Solar Facility, situated in Nevada, near Boulder City. The facility caters for different energy needs in the area including lighting and heating purposes. A less percentage of solar energy is used to meet various energy needs in the contemporary world, compared to other renewable sources. However, this attitude is likely to take a different course, considering the rapid developments of efficient and reliable solar technologies.
Advantages of Solar Energy Resources
Solar energy can be associated with minimal environmental impacts.
Just like the wind power, solar energy is absolutely free.
Solar systems are durable and they don’t require any form of maintenance or repair.
Solar energy industry has created jobs for many people allover the world.
Another impressive aspect about the solar energy sector is that, modern solar systems are designed for particular needs and this makes it a diverse source of energy in different areas of operation.
Disadvantages of Solar Energy Resources
Solar energy has a high unreliability factor, since solar light is only available during the day.
Solar energy is highly inefficiency since it produces minimal levels of electricity.
Installation of solar energy systems can be costly, and this is one common limitation about the development of the systems in many parts of the world.
Another outstanding limitation of solar energy is that, solar panels are bulky.
Water Energy/ Hydro Power
This is a form of energy which is generated by the powerful force of flowing water. Water flowing downstream is used to drive power wheels or turbines beneath the water surface to generate mechanical processes that are capable of producing electricity. Water is arguably the most common source of energy in most parts of the world, due to its efficient and reliability. Examples of major Hydro Powers include the Aswan High Dam in Egypt and The Grand Coulee Dam in Washington, USA.
Advantages of Hydro Power Resources
Hydro Power is the least expensive source of energy for many people in the contemporary world.
There is no air pollution or emission of greenhouse gases in Hydro Power generation.
Storage of pumped hydro power energy is possible.
Hydro Power has a high load factor compared with other energy resources.
This source of energy is much reliable compared to other renewable energy resources.
Hydro Power Plants are observed to have a relatively longer life compared to Nuclear Power Plants.
Disadvantages of Hydro Power Resources
Construction of dams for Hydro Power generations has been linked increased earthquake vulnerability in some countries.
Hydro Power comes with high risks of dam failure and/or tail risks.
Fishes and wildlife are likely to be affected as a result of water and ecological destruction for purposes of hydroelectric generation.
There is always a possibility of displacement and loss of livelihood for many people, as land is acquired for construction of Hydro Power stations.
Construction of dams and Hydro Power stations is expensive.
This refers to the form of energy which is obtained from plant material. Biomass is either used for direct heating or burning of wood to generate electricity energy, or is converted into liquid fuels to cater for massive fuel needs in the transportation sector. Biomass power is observed to be the second important renewable energy source in the US. One of the major biomass plants in the US is the Tracey Biomass Plant, located in California.
This plant supplies for various energy needs in the region. It has been predicted that, growing and cultivation of high-yielding energy plants can significantly help in the development of biomass energy resources in the world. These, coupled with modern high-efficient technologies in the energy sector can supplement the global consumption of non-renewable forms of energy such as fossils, thus helping to address the progressive issue of global warming.
Advantages of Biomass Power Resources
Biomass is a comparatively lesser polluting form of producing energy and fuel.
Apart from energy, Biomass also provides manure for farming purposes.
This is a much reliable and a relatively cheaper source of energy for home use.
Biomass is renewable.
Biomass is more cost effective compared to other sources of renewable and non-renewable energy.
Growth of biomass plants helps in cleaning the atmosphere by absorbing carbon dioxide from the air and releasing oxygen to the air.
There is a high potential to generate biomass energy in many parts of the world, since plant matter is readily available everywhere.
This source of energy also plays a significant role in maintaining cleanliness as well as in reducing disposal costs in towns and villages.
Disadvantages of Biomass Power Resources
Biomass is reserved for the rich, since the cost of erecting a biogas plant is relatively high.
Biogas plants and residue normally produces bad smells, which may be uncomfortable to many people.
Construction of biogas plants requires great expertise, and many biogas plants end up operating in an efficient way, due to improper construction.
Constant supply of biomass is essential for continuous generation of energy.
Transportation and storage of biomass power through pipe system over long distances is quite difficult.
Storage of biogas energy in cylinders is not easy.
Geothermal Energy Resources
This is the production of heat and electricity using the natural sources of heat found within the earth’s surface. In most cases, geothermal energy is produced using hot water or steam erupting from the ground. Geothermal energy can also be obtained through drilling, whereby deep underground reservoirs are accessed for generation of energy.
There are various geothermal technologies that are currently in use in most parts of the world, and these would include; geothermal heat pumps, direct-use systems, and the use of deep reservoirs to generate energy in form of electricity. Utah Geothermal Plant, located in Beaver County is one of the oldest and popular geothermal plants in the US.
Advantages of Geothermal Energy Resources
Geothermal energy significantly reduces reliance of fossil fuels and other non-renewable resources of energy.
It is an effective way of saving energy costs.
It generates clean energy which is free from pollution.
This source of energy is associated with immense economic benefits, since it plays a crucial role in creation of employment opportunities.
Geothermal energy is more efficient, since it can be used directly for home and office-related tasks.
Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy Resources
Drilling of geothermal energy is often associated with hazardous and poisonous gases.
Most of the geothermal plants are far from specific areas such as big cities and town, where it is highly needed.
Steam power installation is expensive and costly.
Generation of geothermal energy is obviously too small to cater for energy needs of the people in the surrounding regions.
Among other hazardous risks, generation of geothermal energy is known to pose serious dangers of volcano eruptions.
Economic Consequences of Immigration on Socioeconomic Activities Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Wages immigrants receive
Treatment by mainstream American society
Occupation of unskilled immigrants
Long-term socioeconomic mobility
The labor they provide
Introduction Immigration from one country to another has an impact on the economic status of the host country. Mainly, immigration focuses on two aspects of the economy, which are effect of immigration on labor market and its effect on fiscal market. Immigration influences the labor market if it affects the distribution and size of the destination country.
The fiscal market looks at the consequences on the sustainability of the public budget through the contribution of the immigrants. Immigrants contribute to fiscal market through taxes and on the other hand, they receive public transfers, which in the end bring the problem of sustainability and distribution in the country (Polachek 2006).
Wages immigrants receive Migrant workers receive very low income in the US. Immigrants who work in farms are the ones who are mostly affected. They work in the farms since farm work is available and their payment is under the table and below the minimum wage requirement. There are labor accusations about the amount of money paid to the immigrants with many advocating for low wages due to their inexperience.
Treatment by mainstream American society There is an increased level of interest for immigrants by the community especially the local government due to their potential economic contribution. Community leaders also perceive immigrants as contributing to social cultural life due benefits such as cultural exchanges, foods and entertainment which in the end increase intercultural understanding. On the other hand, immigrants are perceived as security threats. They are people who are a threat to national security especially after the September 11 attack on the US (Polachek 2006).
Occupation of unskilled immigrants Most of the immigrants represent a large number of people in the labor force. There is a common belief that immigrants do jobs that Americans will not do. They work in household services, fishing, farming, and forestry. Immigrants in these occupations are lowly paid and they work for very long hours.
Other occupations where immigrants work are in art and craft, repair and maintenance, precision production, administrative support, assemblers and machine operators. It is not true to say that immigrants only do jobs that not done by Americans. Immigrants have employment as doctors and nurses, in fast food stores and in retail outlets around the country (Smith 2009).
Long-term socioeconomic mobility Economic migrants moving to America experience gains in income. Their occupational status in comparison to natives usually has a downward mobility at the point of migration. Due to this, they work in low income jobs and they face a lot of unemployment than the natives. This downward mobility caused by several factors. Most immigrants have no formal education and they lack experience thus employers do no look for them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Second, many of them lack language skills to perform jobs. Therefore, they move down the occupational ladder to jobs that do not need communication. Other reasons for the social economic mobility are market failures. Immigrants have difficulty in obtaining credentials required in the market. Thirdly, most immigrants lack knowledge of local labor market or they lack networks that would connect them with jobs that need their skills.
The labor they provide Most of the immigrants are ready to provide labor in all sectors. They are ready to accept low wages and, employers seek immigrants for their labor. Entry of immigrants in the labor market does not displace natives because they provide their labor in distinct sectors of the economy.
However, this assumption is highly flawed since the economy will not into two job types, one for natives, and the other for immigrants. It is difficult to draw a clear line between the type of jobs done by the natives and those done by immigrants. The unskilled immigrants provide flexible labor to many businesses. The immigrants have no expertise and therefore they do most of the manual jobs that are unskilled (Smith 2009).
Works Cited Polachek, Solomon. The Economics of Immigration And Social Diversit, New York: Emerald Group Publishing, 2006. Print.
Smith, James . The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. New York: National Academies Press, 2009. Print.
Migration Flows Cause and Effect in US Cause and Effect Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
There are four important factors that cause international migration flows. These include economic pressures, social networks and connections between migrant sending and receiving countries, immigrant admissions and immigration control policies, and cultural perceptions of people in developing countries have about immigration and First World immigrant receiving countries.
The rate of migration to the US continues to increase due to changes in factors that cause migration flows. However, economic pressures and immigrant admissions and immigration control policies are major causes of migration flows to the US.
Economic pressures have changed due to globalization. Economic developments in the US and globalization have fueled migration flows through ease of communication and transportation. This has eliminated the distance factor that hindered migration in the past. As a result, globalization has created integrated economies of the world. Migrants can work in the US and send remittances back to their home countries.
Economic disparities existing in developing nations also cause migration flows to the US. The widening gaps of average incomes between poor and rich nations increase the search for better opportunities in the developed nations. The US provides such opportunities to the immigrants.
The US has also acknowledged contributions of immigrants in the development of its economy. As a result, legislators have embarked on reforms so as to derive economic benefits of immigrants. The country has noted that immigrants create more jobs than they can take. In addition, the deportation of immigrants only reduces its economic growth since immigrants are the main source of labor.
The US immigrant admissions and immigration control policies have also increased rates of migration flows to the country. For instance, the US policy on war in Iraq and other foreign policies have encouraged immigration. Such policies have created excess flows of political and economic refugees in the country.
Critics observe that the US foreign policies encourage migration flows. However, the country’s domestic policies have failed to create favorable conditions for immigrants and account for their consequences. In reaction to this, American lawmakers and other concerned bodies such as OneAmerica have formulated policies to account for immigrants at both local and state levels.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Such organizations have formulated policies and passed resolutions and ordinances that protect the US immigrants with regard to their needs and rights. In addition, such policies also look at harmful effects of immigrants on the natives.
The policy of immigrant integration that OneAmerica leads also creates favorable conditions for immigrants. The organization actively concentrates on policies that are not favorable to immigrants and respond to them accordingly.
Several studies have acknowledged contributions of immigrants to the US economy. As a result, they seek harmonization of such domestic policies with the immigration policy. The main aim is to increase the working population of the middle class. The argument is that states should not exploit immigrant workers but should give them opportunities so that they can join the middle class.
Others also argue that deportation leads to fear among immigrants and has negative effects on workers unionization. This leads to disempowerment of the workforce. Proponents of favorable immigration policy call for integration the policy just like in tax and education policies.
We can see how economic pressures in the developing nations fuel migration flows to the US. At the same time, favorable foreign policy and immigration policy of the US are also responsible for influxes of immigrants in the country.
Rethinking People’s Perception of Gender: An Ideal Feminine Role. The Victorian Perspective Essay college admission essay help
Introduction: Victorian Women, Hearth, Home and Other Irrelevant Things The world has been ruled by men for quite an impressive amount of time – as a matter of fact, it was only in the early XX century when a woman was finally recognized by most of the men’s population a three feet of a person; therefore, the idea of the role which a woman was supposed to perform was quite humble. Mostly because of the peculiarities which her social functions presupposed, a woman was to be a role model and the “angel” who took care of the house and relied completely on the man who protected her from the evil of the outside world.
That is why, when women for the first time finally started taking the jobs which were considered as the prerogative of men, they had to face a number of difficulties in their workplace. The ideal feminine role, according to Wolfe, was a woman devoting herself to the household chores and completely unwilling to participate in any sort of social activities, which created a great obstacle for women’s further personal and professional development.
Maintaining the Family Harmony: The Goddess of Heart and Home To start with, a Victorian woman as Wolfe portrays her was supposed to be literally the Angel of the house, to be more precise, the guardian angel, keeping the cozy atmosphere and making sure that all the members of the family live in peace. As Wolfe explains, she resorted to writing as her first step towards her personal independence mainly because it was the least disturbing way to start the feminist revolution – and by far the easiest one:
The family peace was not broken by the scratching of a pen. No demand was made upon the family purse. For ten and sixpence one can buy paper enough to write all the plays of Shakespeare–if one has a mind that way. (Wolfe 1)
Making a woman highly dependable on the family life, the title of the keeper of the hearth was not easy to get rid of. On the one hand, the title presupposed a considerable amount of=responsibility; on the other hand, the given responsibility concerned strictly the household issues, while the rest of the fields where a woman could use her intelligence and skills were closed tight. Pointing out the absurdity of this policy, Wolfe blazed the trail for women’s development and independence.
Charming in Her Unselfishness: Altruism at Its Extreme The second asset of a Victorian woman as the society wanted her to be, complete unselfishness was another stumbling block on the way to independence. Indeed, a Victorian Angel was supposed to care the least about herself: “She was intensely sympathetic. She was immensely charming. She was utterly unselfish.”
Thus, the Victorian epoch made a woman forget about her personal development and contribute to what is best for society. The issue is quite controversial, since being egotistic was not a solution for the problem, yet giving everything to the others and not demanding anything in return was a wrong thing to do either, for it shaped the idea of a woman as a weak-willed and undetermined human being.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Purity as the Greatest Asset: The Saving Grace of Virtue The idea of women’s purity in Victorian epoch deserves an honorable mentioning. As Wolfe explains, being absolutely innocent and pure was the element without which a woman could not be accepted into the Victorian society and was doomed to live the life of a social outcast, shunned for her freedom of thinking.
As Wolfe pouts it, “Her purity was supposed to be her chief beauty – her blushes, her great grace” (Wolfe 1). It is necessary to admit that the whole idea of purity is not that bad; it is just that, driven to its complete extreme, it makes people lose the remnants of humanity and shun the women who make the slightest step towards becoming liberated. Although it is clear that the borderline between purity and depravity must be drawn, the details of people’s personal life must not be made public.
Conclusion: When the Victorian Image Has Worn out Its Welcome Therefore, it is obvious that a Victorian woman was not allowed to do anything that was valued as more significant than charity. Being the second fiddle in her home-made symphony, a Victorian woman, According to Virginia Wolfe, was a damsel, a pretty face that could substitute for a home decoration.
Being one of the first people to raise their voice against the deplorable state which women were trapped in, Virginia Wolfe made a breakthrough in the world culture. Indeed, despite the fact that women have had relatively little time to establish something grand and make their contribution to the society development, a lot has been made. And Virginia Wolfe is one of those people whom the honor for making it possible goes to.
Works Cited Wolfe, Virginia. Professions for Women. 1931. PDF file.
Concept of the Green Card Lottery in America Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
The world has become one big village due to globalization and the advancement in technology, which allows movement from one place to another. Consequently, people have become aware of the economic opportunities that are present in different parts of the world. In search for the better living standards and employment opportunities, people move from their countries of birth and reside in different countries which are more economically stable.
Though governments have tried to regulate the number of people who cross their borders, the porous boundaries still allow immigration to take place. Subsequently, both legal and illegal immigrants are found in every nation. However, it should be noted that immigration is not entirely advantageous to immigrants, because there are some disadvantages of immigration.
Most immigrants move from third world countries to developed countries where living standards are high, compared to their native countries. Therefore, these people advance their standards of living immediately they relocate to foreign countries. For example, America through its green card lottery has enabled immigrants enjoy better living conditions which are rare in their countries.
The quality of education that children of the immigrants enjoy in the United States is higher, compared to the education that they would have received back at home. Moreover, the health care that the immigrants get in America is of high standards, compared to that provided by other countries worldwide.
On the same note, not only are the immigrants’ chances of getting employed high in the United Sates because they offer cheap labor, but also the pay is better than in their home countries. As a result, income increases when people migrate to the United Sates which enables them to increase their savings, and consequently their investments in their home countries. Furthermore, the benefits that immigrants receive from social securities are higher, compared to the natives even when the two groups have the same income.
Nevertheless, the immigrants face some socio-economical problems. To begin with, some immigrants are barred by their inability to speak the native language, which limits their chances of getting better employment. Consequently, these immigrants are compelled to do any kind of job they come across, and not necessarily what they would have wished to do. In other instances, immigrants face discrimination from the natives who prevent them from accessing some necessary amenities.
On the same note, many unskilled immigrants find their ways through the borders of the United States illegally. Once in the United States, illegal immigrants find it impossible to move from one state to another in search for jobs, for fear of being caught by authorities. Consequently, these immigrants are forced to do all sorts of manual jobs that they can find which are also paid poorly, thus they constrain themselves in order to meet their daily requirements.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Immigrants to the United States may face difficult times trying to settle down, especially when they have nobody to assist them or when they illegally cross the borders.
Getting a job for unskilled immigrants is a mammoth task given that their mobility is limited to a confined area. Nevertheless, the enhanced living standards, the increase in income when immigrants secure jobs and the ability to increase their savings attract more immigrants. These benefits usually outweigh the problems they face in their initial years of relocation and propel them to success.
Human Development: Adolescence as the Most Important Age Range Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Example that supports an age range
Example that supports the entire lifespan
Defense and support of development cycle
Example that supports an age range In Human development, adolescence is the most important age range. According to psychoanalytic theorists, such as Freud and Ericson, the age range would determine the success of an individual in society. Freud observed that a person might develop some sexual characteristics that might end affecting his or her normal socialization.
For instance, an individual might develop a negative attitude towards members of the opposite sex. At the stage, Freud noted that the libido reappears at the genital areas but takes a more mature anal form. In this regard, if proper balance is not achieved, an individual might develop weird sexuality. Development of peculiar sexual features is a result of frustrations at the stage.
All sexuality problems encountered during childhood manifest the adolescence stage. Therefore, the age range is very important. Ericson observed that individuals might develop cult behaviors if proper balance is not negotiated. The stage is therefore very important in understanding the behavior of an individual (Murphy,
Competitive Point-of-Difference Report (Assessment) writing essay help
A point of difference is a marketing strategy that a company uses to distinguish its products from those of its competitors. A competitive point of difference must give the first priority to consumers’ interests and ensure that it comprises something that they prefer.
Since the main objective of a point of difference is to locate a benefit that differentiates the brand from others of the same type, a company has to find a feature that will motivate its consumers to purchase its product and avoid those of its competitors. The point of difference strategy is applied to distinguish different brands in the same product category; the three different product categories on which this marketing tactic can be applied include unsought, specialty, and shopping products.
How Competitive Point-of-Difference Works The first product category, unsought products, consists of goods that consumers do not even want to think about and whose purchases are usually realized as a result of intensive marketing and branding tactics. The consumers do not actively seek out these products to purchase them but rather they get persuaded by the brand’s marketers and advertisement agencies. The best example of a brand under the unsought category of products is life insurance, which people only purchase after a serious persuasion by policy salespersons.
Some of the strongest competing brands in the unsought category are: MetLife Term Life that is offered by MetLife Insurance Company, and Prudential Term Life, which is offered by Prudential Insurance Company. The two competing brands have different points-of difference that they use to lure consumers into taking life insurance policies. It is through a well calculated application of the point of difference strategy that MetLife Company has been able to control the insurance market.
The three main points-of-difference that the MetLife Term Life brand uses to attract its consumers include: an affordable way to get maximum coverage, an inexpensive system to cover specific financial responsibilities like mortgage and college expenses, and a reasonably priced means to supplement one’s permanent life insurance during periods when coverage needs, such as family growing and mortgage-paying years, are higher in number.
On the other hand, the Prudential Term Life product is based on points of difference such as: the policy is convertible to permanent insurance at any time up to 65 years of age without proof of insurability, the premiums can be waived in case of unemployment or disability prior to the age of 65, and clients enjoy a provision that allows them to purchase another policy from the company without having their premiums increased.
On the other hand, specialty products represent a category of goods that are very luxurious, expensive, unique and exclusive in nature. For that reason, these goods are mostly purchased by individuals considered to come from the high-class social category. These goods are not purchased out of necessity but as a result of their brand names and the special features that they have, which make them attractive to consumers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Two of the most competing brands under the specialty product category are BMW and Mercedes. The two brands use different strong points, which determine the proportion of the market that each one of them dominates.
The Mercedes brand employs three main points of difference: the cars have high fuel efficiency especially when the car is used for long distance travel, contain an engine and body that are strong and efficient, and are properly balanced making driving easy and enjoyable. On the other hand, the BMW brand convinces its customers by the wide availability and affordability of the cars’ spare parts, the low cost associated with purchasing and maintaining these cars, and their usability on a variety of roads or terrains.
The last category, shopping goods, consists of household commodities. These goods differ in aspects such as style, cost, comfort, and most notably brand. These are the major aspects that prospective buyers of this category of goods normally take into consideration before making a decision on whether to purchase a particular product or not. Unlike other consumer goods, shopping goods are durable in nature.
The two brands that are known to compete within the category of shopping goods are LG and Samsung refrigerators. The points of difference used by the LG brand are: it is available in different colors, has an assortment of different refrigerator door types, and is fitted with many cooling ways.
On the other hand, the Samsung brand is known for unique advantages such as various temperature control systems for different types of food, its unique design and fashion that can look good with any kind of kitchen, and its large interior that increases the refrigerator’s capacity to accommodate many food items.
Although all the six brands described above have very strong features that enable them to dominate the markets in their industries, the companies that own them should add more strong points to their marketing strategies and slogans to realize more sales. For instance, MetLife could add a catchphrase like ‘the policy assists you to fund your child’s education’ to its slogan while Prudential could incorporate a watchword such as ‘the policy helps you make up for you lost income’ into its adverts.
Mercedes could add a slogan like ‘cars fitted with air conditioner that enables you to regulate the car’s temperature while on the road’ to its ads. BMW could also bring in something like ‘we have the strongest models in the world’ when advertising its brands. LG could include a statement such as ‘fitted with a built-in water filtration’ in its marketing slogans while Samsung could add the declaration ‘extremely strong and durable’ to its product labels.
We will write a custom Assessment on Competitive Point-of-Difference specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How These Points-of-Difference Convince Consumers The points of difference applied in the six different brands have different effects on potential buyers who are willing to purchase them. For instance, in the case of MetLife Term life insurance, the policy holders believe that such a policy will assist them in getting maximum coverage and in covering some financial responsibilities such as college expenses. The policy holders in the case of Prudential Term Life believe that the policy is of great importance in cases such as job loss or disability.
The points of difference used in the case of specialty products also determine the consumers’ preferences and influence their choice to buy or ignore certain special goods. In the case of the Mercedes brand, the consumers believe that these cars are fuel efficient and consume less fuel especially when driven over long distances. On the other hand, BMW’s customers have been influenced to believe that its cars are strong and can be driven even on rough roads.
The same effect that is witnessed in the specialty goods is also evident in the case of the shopping goods. The buyers of LG refrigerators believe that the gadgets can preserve any kind of foodstuffs owing to the wide-range temperature control system fitted in them. On the other hand, the buyers of the Samsung refrigerators are attracted to them as they are convinced that they have the ability to clean and detoxify the water stored in them.
Factor that Cause Immigration Cause and Effect Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Economic pressures are the primary reason for international migration. Citizens of developing countries leave their nations in order to find decent wages and work in foreign countries. The United Nations estimates that slightly over half a billion employed people survive on less than a dollar a day; most of these workers are trapped in the cycle of poverty. Others are unemployed and willing to do anything to get a reasonable job. Consequently, many of these individuals will leave their countries for the promise of better pay in foreign nations.
Their families expect them to send remittances that boost their wellbeing. A case in point is the issue of US migrant workers from Latin America. Almost 10% of the GDP in the Latin American region comes from US immigrant workers. Sometimes immigrants subject themselves to great risk when they move to developed nations, but this risk is often worth it. A Haitian worker can earn his annual salary in one week if he relocated to the US, even if he is unskilled and undocumented.
Receiving countries also experience economic pressure to host immigrants. Many developed nations have aging populations that cannot be adequately replaced after retirement. Consequently, a gap is created in the workforce that can only be replaced by external workers. Some countries depend on immigrant workers to meet their labor needs. Furthermore, certain low-skill jobs may have very few prospects in economically prosperous nations. Immigrants are willing to do them, and will be content with low pay for their service. As a result, economic gaps in rich nations necessitate replacement workers from the international community.
The second most important factor is cultural perceptions people in developing countries have about immigrations and First world immigrant receiving countries. If developed nations have a negative cultural perception about a certain group, they could affect political decisions and hence immigration policies.
A case in point was the case of South African citizens who protested and attacked foreign nationals from other African nations. The overall perception was that these immigrants were coming to use their resources. Immigrants from other parts of the world were not targeted regardless of the existence of freeloaders amongst them too. The xenophobic attacks in South Africa illustrate how cultural perceptions have an important role to play in determination of migration patterns.
Cultural perceptions about a certain group often cause politicians to use them as scapegoats for a country’s own problems. For instance, they may claim that their country is being attacked or under threat from a large group of immigrants. These sentiments fuel stereotypical perceptions about that particular group and pressure legislators to make laws that disfavor members of the group.
In the mid 1960s, many Indian immigrants entered the United Kingdom and set up small shops and businesses there. Their entry sparked off a lot of outrage from locals who felt that their culture was too alien from theirs. They despised their business practices and claimed that the UK were going back to their past. A lot of those perceptions prevented more Indian immigrants from entering the country as they feared for their safety or their chances of success.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conversely developing nations perceive first world countries as accommodating and full of great promise. Many people think that living in the US is easy because it is multicultural and open to change. Such perceptions have cause immigrants to target the country and many others like it.
What is the UN Human Rights Council? Research Paper college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Creation of the Human Rights Council
Addressing Issues of the CHR
Failures of the HRC
Assessment of the Commission’s Status
Introduction The principal drive for founding the United Nations was security and economic development as the world had just emerged from an international armed conflict that had devastated many nations. However, the advancement of human rights emerged as a secondary goal of this international organization.
The quest to both protect and promote human rights was first advanced through the creation of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (CHR) in 1948. This subsidiary of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) achieved great success by expanding the international legal framework of human rights.
Even so, the commission lost its credibility due to intense politicization and this led to its ultimate replacement in 2006 with the Human Rights Council (HRC). The Human Rights Council endeavoured to bring forth a “new era in the human rights work of the United Nations” (Terlingen 167). This council styled itself as a more authoritative and credible apparatus that could be used to protect and promote human rights globally.
This paper will provide a detailed discussion of the HRC. A major objective of this research will be to articulate the history of the Human Rights Council with special focus on the conditions that necessitated its establishment. The paper will then highlight the successes that the council has had in fulfilling its role. A review at the failures of the HRC will then be engaged in and an estimate of its future given.
Research Procedure The research method utilized in this study was qualitative in nature. This is because the research consisted of numerous verbal and symbolic materials obtained from the United Nation’s past. A number of steps where utilized in carrying out my research and they involved; collecting, classifying, ordering, synthesizing, evaluating and interpreting the date obtained from the source materials.
The sources used were selected because of their reliability and relevance to the subject being discussed. The primary sources were made up of documents such as treaties, official publications, and official records, all of which transmitted a firsthand account of the events under discussion.
United Nations documents were consulted to shed light on the progress that the Human Rights Council has made since its inception in 2006. The primary sources made a significant contribution by helping me to make valid and reliable conclusions on the research question. Secondary sources, which are the material that do not bear a direct physical relationship to the event, were also used.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These secondary sources explicitly drew on information provided from primary sources and provided an enlightening analysis of the various issues discussed. The primary resources were obtained from government websites as well as the United Nations website. The secondary sources were obtained from journal publications and from the library. With this sources in hand, I had to exhibit creativity and high standards of objective and systematic analysis in writing the final report.
Creation of the Human Rights Council The Council can trace its birth to the landmark report presented by the then UN Secretary General, Koffi Annan in March 2005. In the report, Annan criticized nations for degrading the credibility of the commission since in particular, “states have sought membership of the commission not to strengthen human rights but to protect themselves against criticism or to criticize others” (In Larger Freedom para. 182.).
For example, Libya, Sudan, and Zimbabwe made use of their membership to the CHR to hamper examination on their own human rights violations. By using the commission as a vehicle for their own agenda, member states had caused a credibility deficit that damaged the reputation of the UN as a whole.
In its last years of existence, Rivlin sums up the universal unpopularity of the Commission on Human Rights as “to NGOs it seemed disingenuous and invariably impotent; to the West its judgments were passed by criminals, and to the South it turned a blind eye to abuses by the world powers (345).
The UN World Summit of 2005 endorsed the proposal by the secretary-general and instead of radical reforms to try assist the CHR regain its credibility, the organization decided to create a new council. It was therefore agreed that the CHR should be dissolved.
Negotiations in the General Assembly culminated in the adoption of Resolution 60/251 on March 15, 2006, which created a Human Rights Council (UN General Assembly, Sixtieth Session 2). The Resolution was adopted by an overwhelming majority with only 4 votes against it and 3 nations abstaining. The council has more authority than its predecessor, which demonstrates the importance with which human rights issues have been regarded over the last decade.
While the initial proposals to elevate Human rights to the status of a “principal organ” on the same footing with the Security Council, the General Assembly, and ECOSOC were not realized, the Human Rights Council was given significant authority and made a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly (Terlingen 170). By shifting from being a subsidiary of the ECOSOC to being a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly, the council gained greater authority and capacity to provide protection.
We will write a custom Research Paper on What is the UN Human Rights Council? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More During the negotiations on the structure of the HRC, some members proposed universal membership to the commission since this would increase its legitimacy and authority by the sheer force of its members. However, a smaller standing council was deemed more productive and such a council was eventually implemented.
This small council was preferred due to advocacy by some countries that a leaner human rights body would be more efficient and effective in addressing human rights issues. A body of forty-seven members was agreed upon and membership was created along customary UN lines of equitable geographical distribution.
A major issue that the newly formed HRC had to face was how it would remain credible and legitimate in the face of the power politics that had led to the steady decline in its predecessors’ credibility and eventually caused its disbandment.
This was an issue of great importance since the dissolution of the CHR had been caused by the politicization and selectivity that had undermined the commission’s credibility and irreparably damaged its reputation (Rahmani-Ocora 15). The newly formed council therefore engaged in a number of notable actions in order to buttress its credibility.
Addressing Issues of the CHR The HRC began its official operations in June 2006 and from the onset, it set out to address the problems that had been experienced by its predecessor, the CHR. The first feature pertained to the size of the council. The CHR had been regarded as cumbersome with a membership of 53. To remedy this, the HRC had 47 members. By cutting six seats, the council’s membership was slightly smaller than that of the CHR.
To address the criticism of selectivity and double standards that had been levelled against the CHR, the Human Rights Council adopted a system of Universal Periodic Review.
This system means that the human rights records of all UN member states (including powerful countries such as China, Russia and the US), will be examined by the council and appropriate actions taken in case there are human rights violations. Rahmani-Ocora observes that over the decades, the CHR had come to resemble a club where friendships easily overlooked wrongdoings. For example, the members of this commission often included political regimes that had been accused of major human rights violations (16).
The selectivity and double standards of the commission in dealing with such countries greatly tarnished its reputation. The double standards issue was especially evident when it came to the selection of countries for public scrutiny. Some countries began to question why the five permanent members of the Security Council never adopted a resolution condemning well-known and gross abuses in Tibet and Chechnya.
Not sure if you can write a paper on What is the UN Human Rights Council? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Criticism had been levelled against the HRC for having in its membership countries that violated human rights. Mertus reveals that the commission was at times under intense criticism for its politicized membership which included countries with appalling human rights records (41).
The HRC addressed this problem by making use of a thorough mechanism to vet countries before they became members. A prerequisite to membership in the HRC is a strong record of respect for human rights by the country. This precondition was very important since it ensured that states where not seeking membership to avoid scrutiny on their own human rights issues (Davies 457).
The human rights records are periodically appraised to ensure that the country continues to uphold human rights. Purna and Vincent note that the appraisals are not just about being reviewed by the HRC; rather they are about progressing and protecting human rights on the ground (3). In addition to this, membership to the HRC is not universal and states that violate human rights are deterred from joining since members are exhorted to abide by the highest human rights standards.
The council monitors human rights issues globally and carries out investigations into allegation of human right violations. To fulfil this task, the council makes use of Special Rapporteurs, who are “a body of independent and objective human rights experts and working groups” (Terlingen 168).
These “country specific thematic experts” are the council’s eyes and ears and they monitor and rapidly respond to reports of human rights violations all over the world. At the present, these Special Rapporteurs number forty-one and they perform the crucial function of providing objective information which the UN can then use to take action in its human rights work.
The former commission suffered a major drawback since it only convened once a year for six weeks. During this one annual session, all agenda items, debates, resolutions, and decisions have to be addressed in the six-week period. The commission was therefore not able to effectively deal with crises that emerged in the course of the year in a timely manner.
The council overcame this problem by increasing the sitting time per year to a minimum of ten weeks. This session is divided into at least three independent meetings throughout the year with special sessions being called in the event of emergencies (Terlingen 172). This has resulted in a timely reaction to human rights crisis since only a third of the council’s members need to request a special session and it is subsequently convened.
Failures of the HRC For all its efforts, the HRC has not fully succeeded in changing the political character of the UN’s treatment of human rights. Terlingen documents that the African and Asian members who have a comfortable majority (26 out of 47 votes) in this human rights body are using their numbers to set the agenda (171).
Through their voting power, the countries are dictating which countries should be selected for immediate attention by “special session” and also boycotting proposals made by the Western European and Others Group and the Latin American Group. European and Latin American countries are therefore forced to adopt a cross-regional approach in order to address human rights issues since they have lost their power to win a vote without the support of at least three African and Asian states.
The HRC has not been impartial especially with regard to the passing of resolutions and special procedures. In particular, a disproportionate number of resolutions have targeted Israel which had 12 of the 20 resolutions passed in the 2007 session addressed to it. Some members have attributed this inordinate focus on Israel on the fact that the Organization of Islamic Conference has a significant presence in the HRC due to the majority African and Asian membership.
The council has not been very effective in fulfilling its mandate to promote and protect human rights for everyone. Widespread human rights violations in countries such as North Korea, Iraq, and Myanmar continue to exist with the HRC doing little to address these grave situations. In the cases where the HRC has expressed concern, it has been in the form of non-binding resolutions which have in essence allowed the offending country to continue with its activities without consequences.
In spite of its shortcomings, the council’s predecessor, the CHR had achieved significant results in the human rights issues most notably of which are drafting the Universal declaration of Human Rights and advancing human rights protections globally. As yet, the HRC has not made any significant contribution to the body of human rights. As has been noted, most of the resolutions passed have been non-binding and the council is yet to make any groundbreaking declarations in the area of human rights.
Assessment of the Commission’s Status A roundtable meeting held on May 2008 in New York City to assess if the HRC had managed to rectify the credibility deficit which had been attributed to the CHR which it replaced revealed that the council had fulfilled most of its objectives (Rivlin 347). The HRC has shown great boldness by addressing Human rights violations by major countries such as the US.
The council has conducted investigations into the conditions of detainees at Guantanamo Bay and the Special Rapporteurs have given detailed reports following the study with recommendations on the issue included in report A/HRC/13/42 (HRC, 13 Sess.). By doing this, the HRC has affirmed that secret detention is a violation of the personal liberty of the individual and therefore a human rights abuse.
The council has also had significant success in pressuring government to fulfil their human rights treaty obligations. This is a marked difference from the early days of the UN where scrutiny of any individual state’s human rights practices was seen as an imposition on sovereignty (Keller and Geir 322). Specifically, the HRC has been active in the Syrian Arab Republic where there have been numerous allegations of human rights abuses (HRC Syria Issue).
By reporting on the gross violations of human rights in the ongoing conflict, the HRC has been about to call for action to be taken by the UN in order to alleviate the situation. A report by the HRC documented that the indiscriminate killings of civilians and the deliberate targeting of children provided grounds for the case to be dealt with by the Security Council (para. 6).
The HRC has also been instrumental in helping countries recover after disasters. A case in point is the Special Session held to assist in the recovery process of Haiti after the devastating earthquake of 2010. The HRC sought to use its influence to garner the necessary political support to assist in the recovery and reconstruction efforts in the country (Mulugeta 99). The Haitian Earthquake had human rights consequences since it resulted in the displacement of over a million people and injured more than 300,000 persons.
The limited capacity of the state led to the dramatically worsening of the dire humanitarian condition especially with regard to access to health services, water, food, and sanitation (Mulugeta 99). HRC’s 13th Special Session on Haiti was the first special session held in the context of disasters and it led to the adoption of resolution A/HRC/S-13/1 (HRC Haiti). By engaging in the topic of disaster, the council has expanded its mandate and ensured that human rights issues are given even more consideration within the UN system.
Conclusion This paper set out to provide a detailed discussion on the Human Rights Council. The paper has documented how the HRC was created to be a more authoritative human rights body replacing the 59-year-old commission for Human Rights. It began by observing that the formation of the council was precipitate by the demise of the CHR which was dissolved because of the loss of credibility that the body had suffered due to politicization and selectivity by the commission.
The paper documented that the prime consideration given to the issue of de-politicization by the council was in response to the criticisms levelled against the commission. While the HRC has not been immune to politics, it has by the large transcended politics and managed to fulfil its core mandate with significant success.
The changes and innovations of the HRC make it more credible and effective than the CHR. This enhances the legitimacy of the council and aid in its ability to make authoritative decisions on issues of human rights. The HRC has succeeded in defusing most of the tensions that led to the disbandment of the CHR. In this respect, the resolution can be considered a major achievement in human rights and an indication of the UN’s firm commitment to uphold its historic mission to promote and protect human rights for all people.
From this report, it is clear that an independent human rights body is incredibly difficult to implement. Even so, the Human Rights council has done a commendable job in protecting and promoting human rights. It can be expected that over the years, the HRC will make tremendous contribution to the body of human rights therefore benefiting the entire world.
Works Cited Davies, Mathew. “Rhetorical Inaction? Compliance and the Human Rights Council of the United Nations.” Alternatives 35.1 (2010): 449–468.
Human Rights Council, Haiti. “The Support of the Human Rights Council to the Recovery Process in Haiti after the Earthquake of January 12, 2010: A Human Rights Approach.” Resolutions and Decisions of the Human Rights Council 2010 (A/HRC/S-13–1). Official Record. Brazil, 2010. Print.
Human Rights Council, 13th Sess. “Joint study on global practices in relation to secret detention in the context of countering terrorism.” Special Report (A/HRC/13/42). Official Record, Geneva, 2010. Web.
Human Rights Council, Syria Issue. Human Rights Council discusses human rights situation in Syria. 2012. Web.
In Larger Freedom. “Toward Development, Security, and Human Rights for All.” Report of the Secretary-General (A/59/2005), March 21, 2005, para. 182.
Keller, Hellen and Geir Ulfstein. UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies: Law and Legitimacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Print.
Mertus, Julie. The United Nations and Human Rights: A Guide for a New Era. NY: Taylor
Meteorological Hazards in Aviation Essay essay help online free
Introduction Throughout its history, the aviation industry has had a close but unpleasant relationship with the vagrancies of weather (Vickers et al., 2001). Indeed, it has been proved that weather is the single largest contributor to delays and a foremost factor in aircraft disasters and incidents, implying that real-time weather information is substantially critical for hazardous weather avoidance in aviation operations (Witiw, Lanier
Language Development Problems in Children: An Indicative Characteristic of Autism Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Understanding the link between Language problems and autism
Assessing language problems
Introduction In the past, autism and language deficiencies were considered to be two distinct problems. This was the case until, recently, when evidence was presented claiming a definite linkage between the two. Language difficulties were found to be an indicative characteristic of autistic children.
Autism is one of the many autism spectrum disorders categorized in the wider category referred to as PDDs (pervasive developmental disorders) (Conti-Ramsden et al. 62). These disorders delay and interrupt many aspects of child growth, especially communicate and socialization. In simple terms, “autism is a complex developmental disability that appears during the first three years of life” (Conti-Ramsden et al. 62).
Even though the root of verbal communication difficulties in autistic children is unexplained, many experts have concluded that they as a result of effects of a number of conditions and factors which transpire either, during, or soon after birth. By affecting the development of the victim’s brain, it results into difficulties which mess a person’s capacity to comprehend things or socialize (Conti-Ramsden et al. 62).
Some experts connect the language troubles with the theory of mind, messed up capacity to think, as well as a messed up skill to symbolize during conversations and play. Reports have showed that the US is currently experiencing an autism epidemic. The most recent data confirm that one out of every 91 kids suffers from Autism Spectrum Disorder. Compared with the 1980s, when only 2-5 kids in 10,000 were diagnosed with the problem, the rate has increased greatly (Solomon and Chung 250).
Understanding the link between Language problems and autism The first three years after a child is born happens to be characterized by intensive speech and language development. It is the period during which the child’s brain begins to develop towards maturity (Danon-Boileau 3). However, most basic communication signs appear only days after birth. With time, their dialect mechanisms, consisting of the mouth, throat, jaws and tongue, and throat, and voice become more developed, but not fully established. At that stage, the kid makes controlled sounds.
By the time a child reaches than age of one year, it is likely that he/she will have comprehended a few words. Normally, diagnosis of autism can happen only when the child reaches two years of age. This is because it is a time when it is expected that a majority of the kids should be able to talk. Earlier than that, say 18 months, it is very difficult to detect this problem although kids are able to pronounce an average of nine words (Danon-Boileau 14).
Assessing language problems For any concerned parent or guardian, it is a priority to know everything about their children, language and autism being some of them. Therefore, such people would want to know how they can tell that the kids have this problem. It helps to know that there are numerous measures available, which can be very helpful in assessing language development problems in autistic kids. Discussed below, are a few of the language patterns and manners often displayed by autistic kids:
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rigid and repetitive language: Time and again, kids suffering from autism, and in an attempt to speak, tend to mumble meaningless words. Also, they may speak words which when understood, are found to be utterly out of context. For example, a kid that when asked to count one to ten repeats himself, it may be a sign of an autistic condition.
Other that repeating their own words, they can also repeat those that they hear from other sources (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 1). A very good example is if someone tells them something, they may just repeat the same words. If a question, autistic kids may be unable to answer but instead repeat the question. When it comes to repetition, the symptoms of this condition are many.
The children do not just repeat immediate word, but also those that they heard earlier, not only from the people around them, but even from televisions and media. It has also been established that some children suffering from autism are goon in pronunciation of words. However, most of them experience difficulties when it comes to constructive use of the language words. Their problems arise when it comes to deciphering the wording and message in a sentence (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 1).
Slightly limited capabilities and interests: It is possible for autistic children to deliver profound monologues, especially when talking about topic of interest. However, they may find it very hard successfully persistent in a two-way exchange, even when the topic in of their interest. Despite the limited capabilities, other children display outstanding abilities in areas such as music, counting, math and so on. It has been argued that around ten percent of autistic children demonstrate outstanding skills in particular areas (Danon-Boileau 23).
Irregular development in terms of language and communication abilities: Although is it said that autistic kids have language problems, it does not mean that they do no develop any dialogue skills at all. The truth is that they do, but they do not manage to reach the average level.
The development process tends to be irregular as compared to that of an autism-free kid. It is no surprise that they can be able to develop an incredibly strong vocabulary in a matter of no time, especially in areas they show much interest (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 1). Also, the problem does not mean that they have not recollection of events, words or things they fell, hear, or see. The fact is that they do.
Some of them can read at five or so years, although they may not understand anything. They on most occasions appear inattentive such that they may fail to react or respond when called or asked anything. Parents unaware of the symptoms of this condition may assume their kids to be deaf, a mistake which can be made by anyone else who encounters an autistic child (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 1).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Language Development Problems in Children: An Indicative Characteristic of Autism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Broken non-verbal communication skills: Autism is not only associated with the verbal communication abilities, but also the non-verbal capabilities. Therefore, children who are victims of this condition are not very good when it come to the use of gestures. For instance, he can be unable to point a finger at an object.
Gestures are an integral part of communication because they come in handy in giving meaning to speech. Even their eye conduct is questionable. The way they communicate and the inability to coordinate their verbal and nonverbal communication activities can attract wrong judgment form people. In other words, a listener or observe can even think they are stupid, rude, negligent or uninterested since there is no proper coordination of nonverbal signals and verbal communication (Danon-Boileau 26).
Recommendations Autism problems may endure for long or turn out to be life-long because there is no specific curative measure for the condition. However, some treatments have been established, which are undoubtedly able to heal autistic kids develop communication (Danon-Boileau 35).
When their communication attempts bear no fruits, they may let out their aggravations through vocal outburst and other behavior motivated by angers. Also, autistic children may not easily fit in the society. This can cause them a lot of stress especially when they happen to undergo upsetting experiences because of their condition. On the other hand, their parents, in any occasions, are always full of stress.
Handling such kids may be a burden considering that their inability to communicate properly also makes it hard to understand and attend to their needs (Solomon and Chung 250). To avoid these problems, below are some of the interventions which can be very reliable in helping autistic kids with language problems.
Providing them with a good developmental environment: This is a very effective remedy where concerned people are required to provide an environment which is strategically designed to stimulate and enhance neural plasticity. In actuality, the brain’s degree of elasticity is very high, such that if the right environment if available, a child brain development may be controlled. Environmental experiences and other stimulations can cause the cells of the brain to change their organization and function (Brereton 3).
Prescription treatment programs: Another approach to this condition, as suggested by Brereton is reliance on treatment programs, which as of today are many (3). These programs are not only for people whose kids are autistic, but can also assist those who are unsatisfied with the progress of their children are language development.
By consulting professionals, parents are given programs made up of various developmental activities. The arrangement of the activities and their value are professionally determined such that they guarantee good results. These programs are designed such that they can be carries out at home and are very simple to follow (Brereton 6).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Language Development Problems in Children: An Indicative Characteristic of Autism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Specialist intervention/Speech-language pathologists: When someone is diagnosed with development disabilities, he or she is referred to a specialist, depending on the type of disability. In the case of poor language development, patients are referred to speech-language pathologists.
They are qualified professionals who have been trained and certified to handle complications related to voice, speech or communication. They have the knowledge and instruments to determine a person’s skill when it comes to communication and also establish the magnitude of the disorder.
Based on their findings, they rely on their expertise and proceed to decided on an effective approach to treating the problem. They may recommend other checkups, including tests to determine whether the hearing capabilities are normal. They can advise and also design the programs explained above, which stimulate the child’s brain and enhance development (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 1).
Paying attention to children’s language development process early on: It has been established that language and communication development begins very early in one’s life-cycle. Communication skills abilities kick in first and pre-language skills follow soon until a point where they can use words perfectly.
Paying attention to this process can help detect these problems before it is too late (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 1). If sufficiently attentive, parents and other primary caregivers can be able to detect when a kid has a problem. Gestures, use of words, body movements, and babbling, cooing are some of the things which when keenly assessed can be help notice language problems.
This provides an opportunity to take the right action, whether to see a speech-language pathologist or do something else to assist the child. It is at these early stages when the delays and disorders can be fixed in a better way as opposed to when the problem is detected later in life (NIDCD Information Clearinghouse 2).
Conclusion The paper is very informative and can help parents in making sure that their children develop communication skills properly. Signs of the disorder include repetitive language, slightly limited capabilities and interests, irregular development in terms of language and communication abilities and broken non-verbal communication skills.
To help their children develop properly, they can decide to consult specialist who deal with language and communication problems (speech-language pathologists), make an effort to provide the children with a development stimulating environment, design development programs and make sure to monitor the development process.
Annotated bibliography Brereton, Andrew. Autism: A Guide to Understanding and Helping Your Child. Cullompton: Snowdrop, 2007. Print.
According to this book, autism is a problem which is associated with problems in the brain. The author argues that this problem, if not properly managed, can result in poor development. The author proposes some of the measure which parents and people with autistic kids can adopt to ensure that the condition is taken care of completely.
According to Brereton, the condition is treatable and the victim can be helped to regain normal brain and language development. This is made possible by the fact that the brain of a human being has a relatively high plasticity degree. This is to mean that its cells can be changed and re-organized.
Conti-Ramsden, Gina, Zoe Simkin, and Nicola Botting. “The Prevalence Of Autistic Spectrum Disorders In Adolescents With A History Of Specific Language Impairment (SLI).” Journal of Child Psychology And Psychiatry 47.6 (2006): 621-628. Print.
In the article, the authors focus of two very important issues which are Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and autism. According to the information provided, the two conditions were traditionally considered to be two completely distinct disorders. The paper look at the incidence of autism spectrum conditions by using a sample consisting of 14 year old adolescents.
The number of adolescents used was seventy six, all of who had previous cases of autism. The research established that prevalence of the condition was 39.9 percent in young people. This was established to be ten times more than the rate likely to be found in the general population.
Danon-Boileau, Laurent. Children Without Language: From Dysphasia to Autism. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2006. Print.
The article present research findings which explain the epidemic state of autism in the United States. Out of every 91 children in the United States, one of them is said to be having this condition. Comparing the current situation of autism with the situation back in the 1980s, the rates have increased very significantly.
According to the author, psychotherapy can be very helpful considering that the parents and victims of the disorder undergo a lot of stress. The article is very detailed such that it discusses the impacts of the condition even at the later life stages.
NIDCD Information Clearinghouse, Communication Problems in Children with Autism. Publication No. 10-4315. Bethesda, MD USA, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, 2010. Print.
This paper report one of the many publications and database materials which are maintained by NIDCD and which relate and provide information relating to the “hearing, balance, taste, smell, voice, speech, and language (2)”. According to the report autism is one of the many other disorders in the autism spectrum.
The condition can be diagnosed when a child reaches his or her second year of age. The report discusses some of the symptoms which can be helpful in determining whether a child has this condition. Also, various treatment approaches are proposed, which are very effective in helping children develop normally.
Solomon, Alexandra and Beth Chung. “Understanding Autism: How Family Therapists Can Support Parents Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Family Process 51.2 (2012): 250-264. Print
The article is very informative and can be very helpful in understanding what autism. Most importantly, it discusses in details how therapists can come in handy in supporting the parents who have kids suffering from this condition. The first part of the paper contains basic information to be known about the condition, autism.
The second part provides information relating to the many challenges which parents face as they seek assistance with diagnosis of autism. A very effective plan, as argued, has been provided in the third section, which can be relied upon in treating the condition. Lastly, the paper shows how therapists work together with the parents of autistic children to ensure that the best treatment is given. In order to attain good results, parents are required to clearly understand the treatment plan.
Works Cited Brereton, Andrew. Autism: A Guide to Understanding and Helping Your Child. Cullompton: Snowdrop, 2007. Print.
Conti-Ramsden, Gina, Zoe Simkin, and Nicola Botting. “The Prevalence Of Autistic Spectrum Disorders In Adolescents With A History Of Specific Language Impairment (SLI).” Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry 47.6 (2006): 621-628. Print.
Danon-Boileau, Laurent. Children Without Language: From Dysphasia to Autism. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2006. Print.
NIDCD Information Clearinghouse, Communication Problems in Children with Autism. Publication No. 10-4315. Bethesda, MD USA, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, 2010. Print.
Solomon, Alexandra and Beth Chung. “Understanding Autism: How Family Therapists Can Support Parents Of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Family Process 51.2 (2012): 250-264. Print
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Foundation Essay cheap essay help
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Foundation is one of the highly esteemed public museums in the United States; it is located in the Washington D.C., at West Potomac Park. The Memorial is located in the South West region of the National Mall. Research indicates that the National Mall takes the larger portion of the museum (“Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial” par. 6).
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial secured position is three hundred and ninety five among the National Parks in the United States of America. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial monument is strategically placed at the Northwest corner. It has been noted that the monument is near the Tidal basin (Wilson 6).
There are a number of other memorials in the museum such as the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, Jefferson Memorial and Lincoln Memorial among other distinctive memorials. The monument official address corresponds with the time when the Civil Rights Act (1964) was enacted into a law in the United States.
The memorial covers four acres of land. It is among the most recent museums in the United States. Research indicates that the Memorial was opened to the general public on August 22 ,2011, (“Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial” par. 19). It took two decades for the architects to construct, plan and raise funds to make the project magnificent.
History indicates that a ceremony was performed to honor the fallen heroes on Sunday, August 28th , 2011. It was the same day as the forty eighth anniversary of the speech ‘I have a dream’. It is believed that the delivery of the speech was made by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial.
Research indicates that the speech was reconsidered at the sixteenth anniversary at the ‘Million Man March’ in 1995, done at the National Mall. It has been noted that the ‘Million Man March’ was cultivated by the Hurricane Irene. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial is highly valued by the African-American communities in the United States and beyond.
Research indicates that there are a number of other African-American memorials in Washington D.C. A good example is the memorial of Dr. King, who was the first African-American to be given the honor to be immortalized in memorial. His memorial stands next to the National Mall, it has been noted that Dr. King took position four among the memorialized non-president persons (Wilson 32).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The National Park Service (NPS) controls and administers the King Memorial Services. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 and passed away on April 4, 1968 at the age of thirty nine. He was an American activist, clergyman and a leader considered prominent, among the African American-communities.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an iconic figure representing the Civil Rights Movement (“Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial” par. 11). He employed tactics that shunned away violence, as per the guidance approved by Mahatma Gandhi. Reflecting on the modern American liberalism, the contributions made by Martin Luther King, Jr. are highly valued.
The career of Martin Luther King, Jr. began early in his life. Research indicates that he coordinated the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955; in 1957 he was among the key founders and propellers of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. March on Washington took place in 1963, which led to the delivery of the iconic speech identifying as ‘I have a Dream’ (Luther par. 7).
History indicates that Martin Luther King, Jr. contributed significantly to the expansion of the American values to incorporate all the people. The speech is believed to heavily borrow a number of aspects from the Statue of Liberty that signifies freedom.
Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 went to Martin Luther King, Jr., making him the youngest person to receive it at that time. The prize singled the King out due to exemplary contributions, particularly in ending the racial discrimination and segregation (Wilson 22). He applied tactics resonating with civil disobedience in peaceful platforms. He was prepared to extend the war on poverty and stop the war in Vietnam.
Martin Luther King, Jr.’s death occurred as a result of assassination on April 1968 in Memphis-Tennessee. News of his murder went round the United States like a bush fire, sparking race riots around the cities in America. It was unfortunate that Presidential Medal of Freedom was presented to him in the posthumous state in 1977.
The Congressional Gold Medal was presented to him in 2004. His influence has a significant impact on the current modern society (Luther par. 11). The United States federal holiday was established in 1986 to commemorate the Martin Luther King’s, Jr. day, which took effect in 2000.
We will write a custom Essay on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Foundation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Towards the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, the words from the King’s speech ‘I have a Dream’ are clearly etched on the granite (“Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial” par. 9). This is believed to be the position in which the King stood at the time of delivering the notable speech. The etching was professionally done in 2003 at the March to Washington anniversary. Andy Del Gallo, a stone carver took the noble task.
The mission of the memorial illustrates a long journey for the attainment of freedom, justice and opportunities among the American citizens. The vision distributed by Martin Luther King, Jr. clearly geared at the possibilities and hope for the future of the citizens in the United States. The phrases pose a challenge to human race in the twenty first century. He emphasized on mutual respect, human dignity and sensitivity (Wilson 31).
America is a nation with diverse talents and abilities, based on the fact that the community consists of multicultural setups. The mission of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the mission of the Memorial coincide with strong emphasis on the American dream of opportunities, freedom and democracy for all the American people. People have been encouraged to cultivate a sense of duty. The King valued human dignity across the globe through relationships.
It has been noted that Harry Johnson is the current Chief Executive Officer and President of the Memorial Foundation. It is believed that Martin Luther King, Jr. influenced and continues to influence every visitor in the museum.
People from all walks of life visit the museum to honor the noble contributions made by Martin Luther King, Jr. The exhibit is not geared towards particular audience; it commands attention to people of all races, gender, religion, sexual orientation and ethnicity, who enjoy the excellent work done by Martin Luther King, Jr.
The exhibit is accessible to all people of the world (“Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial” par. 16). Persons with special needs have access to the facility through a number of special platforms put in place. The staffs are willing to make any assistance and clarifications. Improvements that could be done on the exhibits gears at decentralizing or duplicating the Martin Luther King, Jr. statue in other major cities in the United States.
This is critical to make sure that all the people are able to acquire information and inspirations at first hand. Personally, the inscriptions of the ‘I have a dream’ comes out very powerful, particularly on the line of racial equality in making sure that discrimination comes to a halt. It was noted that Martin Luther King, Jr. had the capability and powers to influence and inspire the unborn generations and the existing generations (Luther par. 15).
Works Cited Luther, Martin. Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes. 2012. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Foundation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial. 2011. Web.
Wilson, Kathleen A. I Have A Dream; Martin Luther King Jr. , New York: Scholastic Press, 1997. Print.
The Welfare System Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
The pros and cons of the welfare system
Introduction A welfare system is an established program aimed at assisting the needy people as well as their families meet their basic needs. A welfare system is a term used to indicate government programs created in order to offer support to the needy citizens. Various types of welfare programs that have been created for this purpose include social security, financial aid, corporate welfare, and welfare provisions (Powell
Brief business plan Report (Assessment) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The proposed Chinese restaurant in Eugene will be dealing with fast foods as well as other varieties of meals that will satisfy the target market. Indeed, it will be important to provide myriads of selection in the menu so that all the customers’ tastes and preferences are addressed (Flyvbjerg, Holm and Buhl 85).
It is worth to mention that Chinese foodstuffs are known to be rich in nutrition with low calorie content. Some of the dominant meals that tend to attract wide range of customers especially those who are overweight include vegetables, chicken and rice.
This location has been chosen because there are a lot of Chinese students who have a higher purchasing power especially for fast foods. In addition, most of the restaurants which are in this location offer low quality services. This paper discusses a brief business plan for the proposed Chinese restaurant in Eugene.
Offerings Although most Chinese restaurants always require customers to wait for long when their meals are being prepared, this restaurant has taken a precaution whereby clients will be served promptly. This will be made possible because:
The restaurant will deal mainly with fast foods which are easy to prepare.
Most of the targeted clients will be students who do not have plenty of time to wait for their meals to be prepared.
The supply of raw foods that are used to prepare fast foods will be relatively high.
The meat products will be prepared through pre-cooking processes so that they can be made ready within a few minutes after being ordered. In addition, vegetable products will be steamed using special equipment called a wok so that they can be equally prepared and served to customers with minimal delay.
In order to improve the speed of serving customers at the cashier’s counter; the restaurant is expected to use a computerized register. This machine will be used to transmit real time data to the cook who will promptly respond to the customer’s order.
As a matter of fact, once the cash transaction has been finalized and drinks served, the ordered food will be on the customer’s serving table. On the same note, another attractive feature of the restaurant will be the holistic Chinese menu. In other words, it will not just contain the ordinary sandwiches and burgers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Financing that will work for the business Since this paper only provides an overview of a brief business plan for the restaurant, detailed financial analysis has not been carried out. However, it is understood that the restaurant business will require some substantial amount of funding as a start-up capital (Pinson 20).
The business will demand about $40,000 towards acquiring food supplies, building for housing the restaurant, fixings and other necessary machines. Therefore, a loan will be secured from a willing bank as a funding source using the house of the owner for security. The loan repayments will be effected on a monthly basis although as the business picks up, this repayment rate will be doubled so that the remaining balance is cleared within the shortest time possible.
In addition, borrowing from friends and relatives in form of short term loans will be instrumental towards funding the business. In the event that adequate amount is not realized from the aforementioned sources, then a partnership in form of a merger will be sought from like-minded business partners. Indeed, this kind of business plan will significantly reduce the risk value by about 50%.
Works Cited Flyvbjerg Bent, Mette Holm and Søren Buhl. “Underestimating Costs in Public Works Projects: Error or Lie?” Journal of the American Planning Association, 68. 3 (2002): 279-295. Print.
Pinson, Linda. Anatomy of a Business Plan: A Step-by-Step Guide to Building a Business and Securing Your Company’s Future (6th ed.). Chicago: Dearborn Trade, 2004. Print.
French Fashion in the Eighteenth Century Research Paper college essay help online
The eighteenth century is a distinct period in the history of the French fashion because during that time, France became the main arbiter of style in Europe. The clothing created in this country enjoyed enormous popularity in England, Germany, Russia, the United States and so forth (Okonkwo 23). Furthermore, the eighteenth century was the period when fashionable clothing was accessible to a very limited group of people, who mostly belonged to the aristocracy.
The French fashion which existed at that time had to emphasize the high social status of a person, his/her elegance, and taste. Nevertheless, the French Revolution changed people’s attitudes toward clothing. These are the main issues that should be discussed. One can even say that, the analysis of this trend can show that fashion is closely tied to the social life of a country. It is not a purely aesthetic concept.
First, it should be pointed out that in the eighteenth century French tailors developed a standard which was known as the art de vivre which later became accepted in many other countries (Okonkwo 23).
The French fashion industry became an object of desire for many people who wanted to emphasize their high social standing and taste. It was associated with the court of Louis XIV who was regarded as the most powerful monarch of that period. Furthermore, the reputation of French artisans was recognized among by aristocracy of different countries.
Additionally, at that time, the French fashion was centered primarily in Paris while the provincial nobility mostly preferred much older styles. Thus, one can argue that the French fashion was extremely popular, but it was accessible to a very limited group of people. These trends were dominant in the eighteenth-century France before the outbreak of the Revolution.
There are several peculiarities of the French industry that one can identify. The clothing that people wore usually reflected their social class and they had to correspond to a particular occasion. For example, women’s clothes had to be stiff-bodied and well-decorated (Steele 35). These features were typical primarily of court dresses that had to be more formal. It should be noted that after the French Revolution, women preferred to wear loose and less decorated dresses (Thesander 47).
One can also mention that at the beginning of the eighteenth century the French tailors began to create pompous dresses that were supposed to conceal the defects of a person’s figure (Thesander 38). For instance, women wore dresses with farthingales or hoops that helped to spread the dress (Blum 7). Women did not try to emphasize their slim figure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More More importantly, they could wear dresses with negligee only on unofficial occasions (Thesander 38). As a rule, negligee was even associated with nudity (Steele 35). In contrast, women, who did not belong to the nobility, did not have to meet such standards in part because they could not afford dresses that were suitable for different occasions. This is one of the trends that emerged in the eighteenth century and it remained prevalent until the French revolution.
Furthermore, it is possible to argue that men’s clothing was also influenced by such a notion as a notion as social class. One should note that men wore primarily frock coats, especially in the first half of the eighteenth century (White 58). Such frocks were usually made of very expensive textiles such as silk.
Men, who represented the nobility, wore primarily stocking, while workers wore mostly trousers (White 58). The men’s clothes had to indicate the status of an individual. For instance, stockings were supposed to indicate that a person belonged to the upper classes. One should take into account that after the French revolution, trousers became more and more popular, while stockings gradually went out of fashion.
This example demonstrates that the French fashion did not exist only as an aesthetic concept; it also had to reflect the status of an individual. To some degree, it was dependent on social development of the country. This is one of the most trends that should be taken into consideration.
On the whole, the French fashion of the eighteenth century has several distinct periods, namely before and after the Revolution since this political upheaval changed people’s perception of social class and attitudes toward clothes. This is another trend that one can identify when speaking about the French fashion of the eighteenth century.
Certainly, the influence of the French revolution became more noticeable in the nineteenth century, but even at the end of the eighteenth century the changes of people’s attitudes could be observed. Again, the example of trousers suggests that social development affected people’s perception of fashion.
Overall, the eighteenth century was a remarkable period in the history of the French fashion. One can identify several important trends; one of them is the rise of French artisans who became increasing popular in Europe and the United States. Secondly, fashion was available to a very limited group of people who mostly belonged to the nobility. The development of fashion suggests that people’s perception and evaluation of clothing is very changing.
We will write a custom Research Paper on French Fashion in the Eighteenth Century specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Work Cited Blum, Stella. Eighteenth-Century French Fashions in Full Color, New York: Courier Dover Publications, 1982.Print.
Okonkwo, Uche. Luxury Fashion Branding: Trends, Tactics, Techniques, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Print.
Steele, Valerie. Paris Fashion: A Cultural History, London: Berg, 1998. Print.
Thesander, Marianne. Feminine Ideal, London: Reaktion Books, 1997. Print.
White, Carolyn. American Artifacts of Personal Adornment, 1680-1820: A Guide To Identification And Interpretation, New York: Rowman Altamira, 2005. Print.
Footnotes To learn more about the French luxury industry of that period, read Okonkwo, especially pages, 24-25.
The role of Paris as a fashion center in the eighteenth century is discussed, by Valerie Steele in her book Paris Fashion: A Cultural History, pp. 34-37.
The influence of the French Revolution on fashion was discussed by Marianne Thesander in her book Feminine Ideal, pp. 47-48.
Lynching in America between 1890 and 1930 Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction It has been shown that people involved in acts of atrocity, such as lynching, shared common characteristics. This is true in case of America when it is estimated that more than 3,500 were lynched between 1865 and 1920. These happened during the time of black disfranchisement, enactment and implementation of Jim Crow laws.
In fact, the reality brought about by its barbaric and grisly activity was so awful that such an event should never be forgotten. This is mainly because of the fear of knowing its conditions, causes and consequences. The places involved in lynching included mid-Atlantic region, Pennsylvania and Delaware.
However, the most notorious areas were the south, particularly the cotton growing states. The most important factors that led to increase in lynching across the region included the belief that collective action was rational, and Whites had the right to practice lynching in order to preserve their dominion and guard the community against the unwanted intrusions (Miller, 276).
In addition, it represented a marrow of community identity as seen in labor strikes, American Revolution and Civil war, among others. It can thus be said that the most important factors that led to increased lynching were communal identity, communal rights/interests, rational view of collective action, economic changes and laws applied at that period.
The most important factors that led to an increase in lynching across the United States between 1890 and 1930 Lynching was done for a number of reasons during these periods. However, the most important factor involved was caused by the desire to protect communal identity with its rights.
This allowed the upstanding members of white community to call such an atrocity as a means of protecting their rightful places in society as well as strengthening their communal identity. This was quite popular in the southern region where lynching was a common practice. Another cause of lynching is because it defended communal interest in the region (Miller, 277).
In essence, these people would stop at nothing to protect their interests and communal identity. Evidences of lynching were collected throughout America and presented in photographs and postcards, which were taken as souvenirs (Allen
Eric Rauchway’s Murdering McKinley: The Making of Theodore Roosevelt’s America Essay (Book Review) essay help online
The dawn of the 20th century is one of the most controversial periods in the history of the USA. In his book Murdering McKinley: The Making of Theodore Roosevelt’s America, Eric Rauchway explores the details of the accident which occurred on September 6, 1901, because this event led to the radical changes in the U.S. political course.
Focusing on the aspects of the murder of the U.S. President William McKinley by Leon Czolgosz, Rauchway also describes the particular features of the political and social life in the USA at the beginning of the 20th century.
The author presents the full story of McKinley’s murder in his book, paying much attention to the details of that day, the consequences of the murder for the killer, the personality of Leon Czolgosz, his motives, and to the global effects for the country’s further political development which was connected now with the personality of Theodore Roosevelt.
Thus, the book covers the shift from McKinley’s conservative period to Roosevelt’s Progressive Era, where the murdered President, his killer, and his successor become the influential historical personalities.
Thus, Eric Rauchway states that the political modernization which came with Theodore Roosevelt was the result of killing McKinley by a person who suffered significantly during the period of McKinley administration, and that is why the President had two killers who deprived him of life and power.
Eric Rauchway’s discussion of the aspects of the murder, the personality of the killer and the following consequences of the accident for the politics and social sphere is based on the documents which are related to the period under analysis and on Dr. Lloyd Vernon Briggs’ diaries in which the details of Leon Czolgosz’s life fixed. Dr. Lloyd Vernon Briggs was a psychologist who developed his investigation of the aspects of Czolgosz’s case, concentrating on his motivation and reasons for murdering McKinley.
The results of Briggs’ research are important for creating the picture of the social environment in which Czolgosz lived and which affected him to kill the President. Having summarized Briggs’ notes, Rauchway presents the story of an average American whose life conditions are so poor that he intends to kill the President as the source of social problems, being mentally sane, but physically sick and hoping for the coming death.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The murder of William McKinley became the turning point for changing the features of the conservative political course during the late 19th century to the dynamic and modernized beginning of the 20th century. To explain the characteristic features of the shift from the point of the life of an average American, Rauchway concentrates on the life of Leon Czolgosz in the context of significant social events.
Thus, at the beginning of the 20th century, the American society rethought the outcomes of the industrial revolution which had a lot of positive and negative effects. Rauchway pays attention to the fact that the family of Leon Czolgosz was among those numerous families in the USA which experienced all the negative effects of the revolution.
Concentrating on the fact that all the events have their causes and consequences, Rauchway discusses the murder of McKinley as a specific consequence of Czolgosz’s sufferings because he positioned himself as an anarchist. Moreover, the death of one President gave the start for the other President’s activity. In his book, Rauchway explores the first results of the President’s progressive direction and modernization of society, accentuating the range of Roosevelt’s methods to achieve the goal.
The author states that Roosevelt’s reforms and transformation of the political course was too radical, and it was supported only with references to the possible threats of the further anarchists’ actions. That is why, it was typical for the public to think of Leon Czolgosz as an anarchist in order to explain his motives.
Eric Rauchway’s Murdering McKinley: The Making of Theodore Roosevelt’s America is worth reading, and it should be discussed by the audience because of the fact the author presents a rather provocative vision of the events which characterized the period between the 19th and 20th century in the USA.
Thus, Rauchway discusses the problem of murdering McKinley and the aspects of Roosevelt’s development of his course from several perspectives. Stating that McKinley had two killers, Rauchway pays attention to both figures. Analyzing the features of Leon Czolgosz’s life and his possible motives for murdering the President, the author presents the picture of the real America in the late 19th century when the social development depended on the aspects of the industrial revolution.
Examining the elements of Roosevelt’s Progressive Era, Rauchway provides the discussion of the consequences of murdering McKinley because the murder could be considered as the trigger for beginning the active transformation of the past system and for providing modernization of the society and politics.
We will write a custom Book Review on Eric Rauchway’s Murdering McKinley: The Making of Theodore Roosevelt’s America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, the author successfully combines the discussion of all the controversial questions in the sphere of politics, economy, and social life. Furthermore, Rauchway also provides the answers, describing the aspects of Czolgosz’s case.
Real Estate and Social Media Essay essay help
Introduction The purpose of this essay is to discuss the history of real estate and social media, the position of social media over the last years, importance of technology to improve business, the best ways to develop business, the ways by which social media can develop real estate and commercial building, the process to improve website and so on.
History of Real estate The Times of India (5) pointed out that although the word ‘real estate’ has found in the dictionary for the last thousand years, but the history of ‘real estate’ is an integral part of human civilisation for more than ten thousand years. History demonstrated that concept of private ownership of the property has evidenced during the 17th century onwards that generated huge psychological impact on the possession of ‘real estate’ that sowed that seeds to the preface of the real estate market (5).
Archaeologists traced differentiated lifestyle among the ancestors where cave and cave painting on the stone point to the ordinary and luxurious living place, although the humankind is in scares of dwelling place from the hunter-gatherer. During 1066 AD, the origins of real estate law were established while King William conquered England and declared himself as a titleholder of the territory, the British Monarchy brings them into practice through ‘tenure’ ‘tenants’ and their concerned ‘rents’ globally (12).
The Times of India also added that the industrial revolution has enhanced the opportunity among the middle class to buy land and built the own home, but most of them were eager to buy home from the real estate ready for at once living without experiencing the hazards of construction. The financial institution extended their hands to the real estate industry to address the needs of middle class through debt financing; it flourished the market and turned real estate as a booming industry all over the world (15).
At the same time, accretion of democracies, turned to safeguard the buyer and seller by establishing Real Estate Law, the extensive colonisation of British monarchy was aimed to establish same legal domain across the world through mixed ownership while the model of communism stands against private of ownership of real estate (14).
Shiller studied with the historical evidence of US real estate market and argued that the exploration of housing finance and incorporation of real estate corporations in the stock market has bought a revolution with historic turning points in real estate.
Starting from 1957, in context of Stock Price Index, the aggregate stock price of real estate has extensively risen for single-family homes up to 1988, reached it historic pick points in 2000, and evidenced rapid fall in 2003 (5). The changing nature of real estate has strongly associated with the high risk of credit crush due to extra burden of loan in this sector (Shiller 5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Barth et al. mentioned that the financial institutions amplified their cash flow for real estate from US$ 500 billion in nineties, while it jumped towards US$ 2.4 trillion in 2007 and during the global financial crisis in September 2008, the total outstanding loan volume elevated up to US$ 11.3 trillion that seriously hampered global economy causing banking sector collapse (11).
Due to the growing significance of private sector for real estate mortgage funding, the adaptable rate of mortgage financing has tripled, at the time of diminishing towards US$106.7 billion during the second quarter of 2008 and demonstrated sharp boost throughout the boom, but huge drops in the shares price of real estate corporations at bubble burst.
History of Social Media: The history of social media has developed from 1980s, but the major development in this sector has enhanced from 1990s, for example, First dial-up BBC continue to grow at the initial stage of development, but World Wide Web started its operation in 1991 to serve the purpose of military, government or university.
Hershey (5) and Morrison
Rene Descartes: The Proof for the Obvious. The Existence of the Truth Is Questioned Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Believing fully, regardless of any scientific or logical means of proving the idea wrong is pretty much the basis of any faith. In a slight departure from arguing whether the Creator actually exists or is merely a figment of people’s imagination, Rene Descartes preferred touching upon the reasonability of faith, i.e., believing in God.
Taking a closer look at the arguments that the philosopher offered, one can possibly figure out whether they make a completely coherent and logical string of ideas or if there are certain issues that slipped their attention. However, there is an even more interesting idea in Descartes’ Mediator’s train of thoughts, namely, the rejection of the ultimate truth. Descartes claims the following:
Nevertheless, the belief that there is a God who is all powerful, and who created me, such as I am, has, for a long time, obtained steady possession of my mind. How, then, do I know that he has not arranged that there should be neither earth, nor sky, nor any extended thing, nor figure, nor magnitude, nor place, providing at the same time, however, for [the rise in me of the perceptions of all these objects, and] the persuasion that these do not exist otherwise than as I perceive them ? (Descartes)
Hence, the fact that people perceive the everyday reality the only possible right way is questioned. To put it in a more simple language, one can no longer be one hundred percent sure that what people call a red color is truly red. Thus, not only the qualities, but also the existence of the elements of the everyday world is questioned.
If stretched to its logical maximum, the given idea leads to the suggestion that the entire world is merely a figment of someone’s imagination. Even though Descartes argues the absurdity of the given idea by saying “I think, therefore, I exist” (“Cogito ergo sum” (Descartes)), it can be still argued that one’s thoughts are the exact proof of the existence of reality.
According to Descartes, a single idea produced by a human being proves the fact of the existence. However, if pushing the question of reality as it is even further, one can suggest that the thought itself can actually be an element of a dream, like one of those fantastic dream sequences that people have. To put it simple, the thoughts and ideas that people have can actually be the part of someone else’s well-planned reality, like the elements of a strategy game.
Therefore, it is clear that the arguments which Descartes offers are rather provocative. Even though they drive to the commonly known “I think; therefore, I exist” (Descartes), they still leave a lot of food for thoughts. Raising the question of whether the world is a reality or merely a part of someone’s consciousness triggers a range of the most intriguing issues to discuss, such as what happens when the supposed dreamer wakes up or starts dreaming about another universe.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Intense and thought-provoking, the idea that the world might be not actually what people see it, but something quite different might seem absurdly plausible, may actually turn true. Vast and truly immense, a world is filled with riddles, and mistaking while tying to understand it is the only way to approach the truth.
Works Cited Descartes, Rene, n.d., Meditations on First Philosophy. 28 Sept. 2012. .
Belief without Prior Evidence Essay college essay help online
In his essay The Ethics of Belief, William Clifford argued that every form of belief had to be based on some evidence or inquiry. Moreover, in his opinion, it was unethical to suppress ones doubts and accept the ideas of others for granted. This paper is aimed at evaluating Clifford’s claims.
It will also examine the ideas of William James who defended the belief without prior evidence. Overall, Clifford’s argument has a significant limitation, because he described the situations when it was possible to obtain some verifiable evidence. Unfortunately, even scientists cannot always do it. Additionally, there is nothing unethical in beliefs without evidence when they do not pose a threat to others.
William Clifford constructed a hypothetical situation when a ship-owner sent his crew on a dangerous trip knowing that the ship had not been seaworthy. Yet, he stifled his doubts and convinced himself that nothing had threatened those people. William Clifford argued that this person could really believe that the ship had been safe. Yet, his reasoning was based on wishful thinking, rather than facts.
The author said that this person was guilty of other peoples’ deaths because he had chosen to believe what he wanted to believe. In this way, Clifford tried to demonstrate that a person had no right to stifle ones doubt especially when other people could be affected.
This idea is quite acceptable and William Clifford was quite right in criticizing those individuals who indulged themselves in wishful thinking. However, he extended this argument and said that religious faith was also impossible without inquiry and doubt. The author pointed out that people often took the idea of God for granted and they acted like the ship-owner who he described at the beginning of his work.
Overall, Clifford’s argument has several weaknesses. First of all, people cannot always obtain verifiable evidence that can confirm their beliefs. Yet, one cannot argue that their opinions should be rejected entirely. In his essay, William James also noted that even scientists often had to act without prior evidence.
For instance, he described a chemist who could spend a significant amount of time in order to support a certain conjecture about chemical substances. This person might have some opinions or beliefs, but he/she could not prove them in any way. So, one should remember that objective evidence is not always accessible to people, but they can still believe in something.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, William Clifford focused on situations when a person’s beliefs could influence other people. His example of a ship-owner is very telling, but it does not show that beliefs without prior evidence are always dangerous. In many cases, the beliefs of an individual do not affect others.
For instance, one can mention a person’s religious beliefs that do not harm anyone. William James also pointed out that a belief without evidence could be acceptable when it did not pose any threat to others. In his essay, William Clifford did not respond to this objection.
So, there are several cases when a belief without sufficient evidence can be justified. In particular, one should speak about the situations when this evidence cannot be obtained or collected in any way. Secondly, an individual can believe that something is true, when his/her convictions do not harm others. This is why one cannot completely accept William Clifford’s argument about the nature of belief.
Emirates Steel launches Phase II costing Dh7b Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Article Summary
Opinion and Thoughts
Lesson Learnt from the Article
Article Summary The article discusses the expansion strategies of Emirati Steel Company that is situated in Abu Dhabi. It focuses on the expansion program, particularly the second phase of the project that cost the company Dh 7billion ($1.9 billion) (Makahleh 1).
The second phase of the expansion project followed the one that was launched in January 2006 and it aimed at increasing the production capacity of steel due to increased global demand. In that regard, the new annual production capacity of the company rose to 3.5 million metric tones (Makahleh 1).
The author believed that with that enlargement, the company would be among the largest and unique steel complexes in Abu Dhabi region. The expansion strategy of the company was in line with its projected production capacity of more than 5.5 MTPA (Makahleh 1).
The developments achieved in that phase included the structural adjustments and the production of market oriented products to meet the quality standards regionally and globally (Makahleh 1). It also increased job opportunities for technicians and ordinary workers, thus opening the employment space for foreigners. The expansion also increased profitability of the organisation, making it very competitive in the region (Makahleh 1).
Opinion and Thoughts I think that the article is very inspiring and it acts as a market strategy for the company. Since the management was aware that the global demand for steel was steadily rising, it had to position itself regionally to reap from the market. I also believe that the expansion of the company was aimed at making it control a larger percentage of the market share.
In addition, the expansion put the company at the center of interest, making it remain competitive in the market. It is apparent that the management of the entity is very optimistic about the future of the company by asserting that it is able to meet its overhead costs from the profits.
In fact, the adoption of technology is also important, because it improves the efficiency of production and quality of its products, making it the preferred choice for clients. I believe that diversifying its production to include non-oil based products is an important step to retaining its market position in the region and setting a new pace at the international market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More My Position In order to ensure that the company remains relevant in the market, improving the quality of its products and quantity have been very important attributes. This means that the company made the right decision to expand its production system so that it could realise the objective of being the leader in steel manufacturing in the region and globally. Controlling the market also necessitated an increase of the company’s efficiency in its production system, meaning that the decision to embrace technology was justifiable.
Lesson Learnt from the Article The other lesson that one could learn from the article is that focused leadership and outlining strategic approaches to be used in the production system are the key aspects of success. This reason for this argument is that structural improvement in a company cannot lead to remarkable success if the leaders do not have the will and seal to implement the programs in the organisation (McWilliams and Matten 44).
Proper leadership increases the strategic positioning of the company to reap from the market and remain profitable. One could also learn that the extent to which the company goes to remain relevant shows the leaders’ commitment (McWilliams and Matten 46).
Works Cited Makahleh, Shehab. Emirates Steel launches Phase II costing Dh7b. September 26, 2012. Web.
McWilliams, Crane, and D. Matten. Business Ethics: Starbucks Corporation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.
NATO: From Creation to Current Status Essay online essay help: online essay help
Abstract The paper discusses NATO which is a major military alliance among European States, the US and Canada. It highlights the historical context, which led to the formation of NATO. The history of the alliance is broken down into three major phases: the Cold War era, the Post Cold War, and the Post 9/11.
The paper reviews how NATO reinvented itself following the collapse of the Soviet Union and embarked on a successful enlargement process. The various issues that have faced the organization since its creation are discussed and its future estimated. The paper concludes by noting that NATO is a relevant security apparatus today and still serves as the best instrument for combating the security threats of the 21st century.
Introduction The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is rightfully regarded as the world’s most powerful military alliance. The organization was founded in 1949 with the primary objective of protecting Western Europe and the US from Soviet aggression.
The alliance was able to successfully achieve this goal and additionally ensure that no military rivalries emerge in the region. Following the end of the Cold War, the Soviet threat was neutralized and the alliance had to reinvent itself in order to remain relevant. It did this by expanding its role and increasing its membership.
This paper will set out to provide a detailed research of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization with focus given to the creation and purpose of this alliance. A review of how the organization has expanded over the years and the role it has played will be provided to demonstrate that NATO is still a valid security apparatus in world today.
Origins of NATO A significant outcome of the World War II was the emergence of the United States of America and the Soviet Union as the two world super powers. While these countries had fought as allies in the war, their political differences pitted them against each other in the postwar years.
There was concern that the Soviet Union would make use of her considerable power to influence politics in Europe (Trachtenberg, 1999). The weakened postwar Europe would not be able to resist this Soviet threat. The US proposed to help bolster West Europe’s military capability by the formation of an alliance. NATO, therefore, began as a mutual defense pact among ten Western European countries, the US and Canada.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These twelve countries signed the Washington Treaty on April 4, 1949 in which they committed themselves to a mutual defense pact (Cornish, 2004). The treaty bound the member states and an attack on any member was to evoke a response from all members. NATO’s history can be divided into three distinct phases: the Cold War period, the decade following the end of the Cold War, and the current phase, which began with the terrorist attacks on the US on September 11, 2011.
Cold War Era
At the time of NATO’s formation, the Western Europe was a divided region still struggling to recover from the devastating effects of the just ended the World War II. While a Western European defense organization would have been preferred, the participation of the US was seen as crucial since it was the only country with enough military might to counter the USSR.
Trachtenberg (1999) observes that this alliance was a long-term American commitment to Western Europe’s security. Over time, this treaty turned into an organization with a political council and regular meetings being held by the allied foreign and defense ministers. This transformation into a full-fledged organization increased the influence and strength of the Treaty.
In its early years of existence, NATO’s role was primarily to prevent an attack against the territory of its member countries by the formidable Soviet Union and her allies. Seroka (2007) best articulates this point by documenting that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was originally designed to deal with a primary threat from international communism on the European continent.
West Germany joined NATO in 1955 and this strengthened the capability of the alliance in Europe since Germany had the manpower necessary to resist a conventional invasion by Soviet forces. This move precipitated the formation of the Warsaw Pact by the Soviet Union and her East European allies.
The alliance’s nuclear capability provided by the United States, which served as deterrence, was the main tool used to prevent an attack from the Soviet Union. However, NATO also adopted a strategy of flexible response and envisaged the use of conventional warfare before engaging in a nuclear confrontation.
Even so, Minuto-Rizzo (2007) reiterates that nuclear weapons were at the core of the alliance’s strategy and nuclear deterrence was the principle means of preventing a Soviet led attack on any of the member states. Since both sides (East and West Europe) knew the cost of a nuclear confrontation, the use of force to advance political aims was effectively excluded in the Cold War Europe.
We will write a custom Essay on NATO: From Creation to Current Status specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Post – Cold War Period
The end of the Cold War in 1989 was significant for NATO. Many political analysts forecasted that the alliance could be disbanded safely since the main aggressor in Europe had dissipated. In addition to this, the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, which had been an alliance of East European nations formed to counter NATO, had already occurred.
However, this did not happen since NATO member states did not want to get rid of the alliance because of the numerous advantages they were enjoying because of their cooperation. Minuto-Rizzo (2007) observes that the transatlantic framework that “allowed all countries -big and small- to make their voices heard, to seek common solutions, and to train their forces together was too precious an asset to be squandered” (p.3).
Many member countries of the former Warsaw Pact also expressed interest in joining NATO in order to enjoy the advantages of the permanent transatlantic framework for consultation and cooperation. NATO, therefore, had to reorient itself to embrace the newly emerging democracies in Central and Eastern Europe.
NATO was able to develop new strategic concepts to incorporate new members and reorganize its military structures following the disappearance of the existential threat provided by the Soviet Union (Noetzel
Dubai Aluminum: Opening a Branch in Saudi Arabia Report a level english language essay help
Opening a project in Saudi Arabia is not a difficult thing as far as the terms and conditions for foreign investors in the market is concerned. After joining the World Trade Organization, Saudi Arabia’s business regime became open to accommodate the foreign investors. The government also legitimized the merging of investors to form business cartels that would enable them acquire up to 51% of the market shares (Leroux 23)
Before Dubai could think of opening its branch in this market, a lot of research had to be carried out on the various macro and micro economies prevailing in the market. Some of the external factors that would have a significant impact on their business included: political interferences-despite the series of wars in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia has in the recent past enjoyed political stability and hence could provide adequate security to its investors.
There are other political considerations that investors should keep in mind like the tax rates levied on goods and services, trade barriers, quotas, ownership rights and expropriations. These factors if favourable, may encourage more investors and vice versa. Another factor is economic stability in the country- which is slowly stabilizing from the increase in international prices of oil hence good for the investors.
Technological factors- the country has embraced technology in all its sectors and this has greatly boosted their market economy hence attracting investors. The micro environment on the other hand, emanates from within the organization and its up to the managers to deal with them to ensure success of the company. These internal forces relay majorly on the organizational structure and its way of handling critical issues.
Some of the differences in the market economy between Dubal and Saudi Arabia include: Dubal is a world class business organization that has been recognized by the United Arab Emirates as one of the most successful companies with a reliable market (Usawa 11).
It is known for its political and economic stability as it has recorded very low levels of crime while Saudi Arabia’s economy is unstable due to the many external factors that include: wars, oil disputes and political interferences. The country has huge debts that are yet to be paid off hence dragging behind its economy.
Dubal has got proficient workers and makes use of sophisticated technology to produce quality goods and services as opposed to Arabia where they mostly deploy cheap manual labour and the technology they use does no produce quality services. Dubal has a very wide trade network that has attracted many investors as compared to Arabia whose trade network is limited to a few investors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Despite the differences, both economies are open to foreign investors and are geared towards upgrading their systems, infrastructures and communication channels so as to maximize their output and increase their productivity.
Some of the major challenges that Dubal may have to face when opening up a branch in Arabia include: trade restrictions that may limit its level of investment in the country, a slow growth rate in the economy, inadequate skilled labour , economic and politic instability and also cultural differences. On the other hand, they can easily outshine other firms due to their proficiency and high technology and hence be in total control of the market.
Works Cited Leroux, Marcel. Factors Influencing the Market Economy. New York: Springer, 2005. Print.
Usawa, Shinto. Economic Growth and Stabilization. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.
Opinions and Social Pressure: When You Need to Go Outside the System Essay essay help: essay help
Introduction: Because They Say So. The Significance of the Authority Walking along the borderline that splits the world into a norm and the abnormal is one of the life’s most dangerous pleasures. Laws and rules are made for a reason, and breaking them means not only doing something unacceptable by the given society, in the given time and given circumstances, but also being separated from the rest of the world for a while and becoming an outcast.
Unless one has serious concerns for his/her well-being, (s)he is unlikely to go beyond the boundaries the authorities set, since it is the existing system of rules that helps people to feel safe; however, when there is something essential at stake, one will definitely disregard the existing rules and go against the established standards of conduct.
What the Authorities Are Meant for: The League of Justice Is on the Watch However, the question is, what the authority figures are meant for. On the surface, these people help the rest of the humankind feel considerably safer and know for sure that nothing happens to people as long as the latter follow what the authorities say.
Rather important function, it is yet not the most essential one; when digging a bit deeper into the issue, one must add that the function of the authorities also contains an element of guidance, i.e., serving people as the social weather vane pointing in the right direction and helping to figure out what is right and what is wrong and, which is the most important, to grant his/her approval.
Even when there is no obvious authority in the sight, and, therefore, no way to check the ultimately right position, people are apt to follow with the decisions that the group makes, thus, admitting the authority of the many, since the latter are likely to accept their follower into their mini-society: “When we’re in a group, we tend to think as that group does: we may even have joined the group to find ‘like-minded’ people” (Lessing 724).
Pushing the Rules to the Breaking Point: The Passion Rules the Game However, there comes the time when the social rules are no longer an option. However, as it has been mentioned previously, following the standards of the society is crucial for people and is actually a part of their nature; therefore, the question is, what exceptional factors can push one to cross the threshold of the social standards and willingly face the threat of becoming a social outcast. Analyzing some of the most obvious factors, one can possibly see that, at certain points, the boundaries of law can become way too restrictive.
Plotting a rebellion. The stubborn individuals The first and the foremost idea that crosses peoples’ minds when they think of going against the opinion of the authorities is the image of a tough rebel. In fact, this is pretty much the firs reason that makes people take a track which is different from the other alternatives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Lessing, the element that presupposes more freedom and allows people to feel that they actually do the things which they consider right, not the ones which are offered them by the obtrusive social norms, is a really strong factor in determining the ultimate choice.
As Lessing explains, taking the example with the people who have been given the wrong instructions by an authority and the ones who are allowed to make a choice on their own, the aspect of a “stubborn individual” is pretty important: “the solitary individual, or the couple, who have not been so instructed will assert that the pieces of wood or whatever are different” (724).
Depending on the situation: under the spur of the moment Another factor which can shape people’s idea of the issue in question and enhance free thinking instead of following the voice of the authority blindly is the environment. Once the outer factors do not favor the choice accepted by the social standards, one is likely to act against the accepted norms.
When something truly important is at stake, e.g., life, health, etc., the choice is made disregarding the social standards. Indeed, as McEwan explains, “The situations in which we act can powerfully influence our behavior – including out choice to obey or disobey a questionable order” (689).
Against the decisions of the group mind: walking alone The last, but not the least, the aspect of “group mind” (Ross and Nisbett 746) is also extremely powerful, yet it lacks logics much. In contrast to the previous cases, when the opinion of a single person depended on the ones of the many simply because the society would have never accepted any other manner of behavior, in the given case, one acts just because the others would do so in a given situation.
Paradoxical and yet understandable, this is the case when the problem comes rather from the inside than from the outside – it is not the society that puts pressure on an individual, but an individual who is unable to think on his/her own.
Conclusion: Disobeying In the Name of Law. Escape the Pressure Therefore, it is clear that going against the established norms is extremely untypical for a basic human being; on the contrary, these are only the extraordinary cases when one decides to break the rules and oppose the crowd. However, it turns out that, when it comes to the factors which make people make a decision to go against the established norms, these are mostly the factors threatening people’s well-being or social status that make one cross the boundaries of the established norms, morals or even laws.
We will write a custom Essay on Opinions and Social Pressure: When You Need to Go Outside the System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Despite the fact that among the factors listed above, the aspect of preserving one’s individuality is mentioned as well, it can still be considered that people tend to break the rules in order to stay safer, no matter how weird that can sound.
Sometimes allowing them to keep their social status intact, and sometimes made for the sake of staying original and following one’s own idea of what is right and what is wrong, going against the opinion of the many serves as both the means to enhance one’s status as a self-assured and self-sufficient personality and at the same time reassure oneself that the decision has been made despite the opinion of the authorities, which also raises one’s self-esteem.
Therefore, it can be concluded that, disregarding the factors surrounding the situation, a decision made against the authorities is an attempt to enter another stage of one’s personal development.
Works Cited Lessing, Doris. “Group Minds.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th Edition. Ed. Laurens Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. London, UK: Longman, 2010. 723-725. Print.
McEwan, Ian. “From Atonement.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th Edition. Ed. Laurens Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. London, UK: Longman, 2010. 688-692. Print.
Ross, Lee and Richard E. Nisbett. “The Power of Situations.” Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum, 11th Edition. Ed. Laurens Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. London, UK: Longman, 2010. 745-750. Print.
Cloud compounding impact on businesses Essay college application essay help
Table of Contents Definition of cloud compounding
How it works
Advantage of cloud compounding
Disadvantages of cloud compounding
Contribution to business value and performance
Definition of cloud compounding Cloud compounding refers to a configuration that permits the provision of ubiquitous and efficient real-time network access to pooled computing resources. These resources are configurable and include networks, storage, servers, services and applications. Access to these resources is fast and requires minimal management effort or intervention by a service provider. Cloud compounding allows users in a network to access resources that are not in the user computer but elsewhere in the internet (Gartner, 2012).
How it works The cloud was a product of global computing infrastructure developed by large online based companies such as Google and Amazon, to run their own operations. These companies developed large data centers in different parts of the world with high speed connections, and identified business opportunities in providing additional data storage and computing services to other organizations.
The data centers can hold tens of thousands of servers, each of which runs an operating system application that is capable of providing numerous ‘virtualized’ atmospheres to clients. Consumers can use these environments to operate their own programs, without intruding on other applications running concurrently on the same server (Gartner, 2012).
Efficient management of the virtualization process is possible through the integration of systems that enhance stability and security of the cloud. The three main types of clouds are public, private and hybrid clouds. These clouds are used for various services as infrastructure, applications and platforms (Gartner, 2012).
Advantage of cloud compounding Cloud services are useful to consumers, businesses ad public authorities. The most popular cloud service for businesses involves productivity suites that function in a similar manner to popular applications like word editors. An example of such a cloud suite is ‘Office 365’ by Microsoft, which contains word processing, spreadsheets and presentation tools.
Cloud compounding provides organizations with a flexible form of outsourcing since it minimizes ICT operation and maintenance costs, while enabling the consolidation and optimization of computer hardware and software resources (Fielder
Sophocle and Aristotle Research Paper essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Abstract
Qualities of a Tragic Character
Abstract Poetry is an imitation employed by writers to express views ad opinions in society. In many fictional poems, characters are portrayed with either better or worse behaviors as compared to behaviors of real characters. Other writers try as much as possible to match the objects of poetic imitation with real life events.
In his works, Aristotle differentiates between humor and tragedy. He notes that tragedy entails presenting objects of poetic imitation in a better way than they would appear in real life. In other words, tragedy is the presentation of characters in an idealized form. Therefore, a tragic poet tries to present better life as compared to real life. This would mean that tragic poetry criticizes the existing form of life. The characters in a tragic poem have better qualities as compared to the qualities of characters in real life.
However, idealized characters are not usually ethical as compared to real characters. Idealization means that characters live a complete and intense life as compared to real characters. Real characters might be leading a miserable life. In a tragic hero, the characters are awesome because they are given good qualities. In real life, the qualities of a tragic hero are controversial. The works of Sophocles on Oedipus the King exemplifies the works of Aristotle in a number of ways.
Introduction Aristotle claims that a tragic hero is somebody with a moderate character. A tragic hero is an individual who possesses some good qualities with a mix of negative qualities. Such an individual is referred to as an ideal tragic hero. In fact, Aristotle claims that the only difference between an ideal tragic hero and a normal person is the moral altitude. The feelings of an ideal tragic hero are deeper and his or her actions are intense.
Moreover, an ideal tragic hero has some intellectual power as compared to a normal person. In other words, such an individual has the interest of people at heart. When a tragic hero demands for assistance from members of the public, each person is willing to help because of his or her good actions.
A tragic hero is a person admired by each member of society. Aristotle observes that a tragic hero is an individual who is committed to bringing change in society. This means that an ideal hero is a transitional leader whose role is to transform society.
A tragic hero is a leader who adopts some qualities that enables him or her to transform society. This means that the leader must change his or her character as soon as he or she quits power. Oedipus is presented as someone who has the interests of people at heart. He helps members of society when they face several problems. For instance, he lowers taxes when the agricultural returns are very low.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The works of Sophocles exemplifies Aristotle’s definition of a tragic hero in a number of ways. This paper aims at bringing out the similarities between the two. For instance, the two are similar in terms of expressing the traits of characters. In chapter fifteen, Aristotle classifies the qualities of a tragic hero just in the same way Sophocles classifies the qualities of Oedipus. The two sets of qualities are similar.
Qualities of a Tragic Character Tragic heroes are always perceived to be good people in society. Aristotle observes that a tragic hero should be somebody with an extraordinary character. An individual is considered a good person if he or she is sympathetic. The leader should be interested in solving the various problems that the majority is facing in society.
Aristotle suggests that leaders should possess this characteristic. This implies that they should be in a position to empathize with the population during calamities. In the Oedipus the King, Sophocles notes that the King is responsive since he resolves all problems affecting citizens.
Tragic emotions help a tragic hero to convey tragic pleasure. This means that a tragic hero should do everything possible to achieve greatness for the people. Oedipus is presented as a radical leader because he uses all available resources to develop cities. He uses the little resources to strengthen the security of the city. Therefore, Oedipus is a good leader who can be compared to a tragic hero.
Another important feature of a tragic hero is appropriateness. Aristotle notes that a tragic hero should perform his or her roles as required by society. In society, each individual is charged with a certain responsibility. If each person plays his or her part honestly, the society would achieve greatness. The behavior of a tragic hero is influenced by factors such as age, gender, occupation, class, and profession. For instance, a woman in society must learn to behave as a real woman by doing those things that the society approves.
If the rich individuals wish to obtain the status of a tragic hero, they must be willing to share their possessions with the poor. They must treat the poor with dignity. Oedipus does not discriminate members of the public based on their class. He does not allow his social class to interfere with his ambition. His main ambition is to raise the standards of living of the poor.
Tragic heroes tend to be similar in their character. Many tragic heroes have similar features irrespective of time, age, place, and ethnicity. Tragic heroes would always take extraordinary measures, may prove dangerous to their own survival. For instance, Oedipus does not care about the status of his government when he orders local authorities to reduce taxes.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Sophocle and Aristotle specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The priest in the play observes that Oedipus takes a courageous move, which would be criticized by the ruling class. The interest of the owners of the means of production is to control every aspect of life in society. Oedipus does not allow his leadership to be compromised by the ruling class.
In many kingdoms, the owners of the means of production tend to buy justice because they own governmental machinery. Oedipus sacrifices his position for the sake of the poor. His major objective is to achieve greatness. In the play, Aristotle observes that the tragic heroes are to be compared to great individuals such as Socrates who chose death to restore justice in society. Socrates believed that democracy was the worst form of governance. Indeed, democracy was the tyranny of the multitude.
For an individual to achieve the qualities of a tragic hero, his or her actions must be consistent. A good leader should always be development oriented. When Oedipus realizes that people are gathered in his compound, he wonders why people they are there instead of being in their places of work. This means that the King is always positive about his people. He does not know that people are gathered in the compound to demand basic needs.
Upon realization that people are suffering, he embarks on a serious mission that would improve their living standards. Aristotle notes that it is tragic for a prominent leader to perform dismally in a great nation. If the leadership of a prominent person falls, people would not fear but instead they would be shocked. If the leadership of a weak person flourishes, members of the public would not be jubilant but instead they would mourn because the leader may impose irrelevant taxes. Therefore, the tragic hero should not be extremely virtuous.
Moreover, he or she should not be too weak. The leader should possess the features of both a strong and a weak leader. However, the most important aspect is striking the balance between the two. For Oedipus, his actions are consistent because he is always willing to help. However, he is portrayed as a moderate leader.
Conclusion The qualities of a tragic hero are similar to the qualities exhibited by Oedipus. This means that the works of Sophocles exemplifies the works of Aristotle. According to Aristotle, the tragic hero should be consistent, good, and always be willing to do things appropriately. Tragic heroes should not be virtuous.
However, they should not be weak. These are the qualities of Oedipus since he is not a strong King. We are told that the priest had to inform him that people are dying of hunger before he could act. Literary work is usually used to criticize the behaviors of leaders in society. The two stories are successful in criticizing the actions of leaders in the ancient Greek society.
Bibliography Connor, Jack. The English Novel in History. London: Routledge, 1996.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sophocle and Aristotle by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hall, Edith, and Macintosh Faith. Greek Tragedy and the British Theatre. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Hall, Edith. The Return of Ulysses: A Cultural History of Homer’s Odyssey. London: I B Tauris
The Division of Foreign Trade and Export Support in Abu Dhabi Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Abu Dhabi is one of the most significant of all the emirates of the United Arab Emirates. It has the second largest urban settlement in the country and acts as the capital for the all the emirates. Apart from being the most populous of the emirates, Abu Dhabi is known for being a major economic hub in the country.
The Department of Economic Development, an agency within the government, is the major promoter of export trade (DED, 2012). It provides support for firms that are involved in the export trade. It is the Division of Foreign Trade and Export Support that aids the firms in establishing export business. This department has established several programs in order to support export trade by foreign and local firms.
Foreign trade and export division has been holding seminars for the managements of companies in the emirates to educate them on the need for export and the benefit of exporting their products (DED, 2012). These seminars are aimed at minimizing the perpetual dependence of the firms on the local market.
In addition, the division concerned with exports endeavored to provide local companies with information regarding the nature of regional markets. Current trends and logistics regarding the expected conditions in the market are also available from the agency (DED, 2012). The division also holds meetings with banks to furnish them with information regarding the export market. This is intended to encourage the banks to finance projects initiated by the local companies in the foreign market.
Another effort towards promotion of exports is the organization of orientation visits to the neighboring countries by the export division. Representatives of local firms visit other countries in the region to observe and learn business practices prevailing in the particular countries.
The practices observed include the legal limitations that the companies may face while starting an export business in the specific countries (DED, 2012). Furthermore, the local firms get to learn of the opportunities that trade policies in the potential host countries offer to their businesses.
The export division provides customized services to businesses by investigating the international market for them. After completing the investigation, specific recommendations are made to fit the objectives of the particular organization (DED, 2012). This enables the firms to establish the scale of the chances of success in their operations in the new market. In addition, the firms are able to know the business trends and culture in the potential markets.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Government’s initiative to solicit for finance for the local firms to facilitate establishment of export trade is an important initiative. This strategy provides a means for the exporting firms to obtain capital from banks (Simerson, 2011).
It also furnishes the banks with information about foreign markets in order to win their trust. Due to this trust, the export firms are able to obtain essential funding. In the past, the financial institutions in the United Arab Emirates were not willing to fund export trade due to uncertainty about the foreign market.
The orientation programs organized by the export division also help the companies to familiarize with the legal environments of the foreign markets. Using this information, the firms are able to develop the strategic plans they use in establishing profitable export trade.
The provision of customized services is of critical importance. A firm with the intention of starting an export business has a reliable source of information for strategy formulation Knowledge of legal environment and social structure is essential in strategy development (Jansen, 2009). Furthermore, firms are able to use the information provided to outline their competitive advantages in relation to the potential markets (Jansen, 2009). This is an important aspect of strategic decision making for any firm.
References DED, E. D. (2012, April 5). Export Promotion – Department of Economic Development. Home – دائرة التنمية الاقتصادية. Web.
Jansen, M. (2009). Knowledge is the organisation’s essential source of competetive advantage A discussion. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
Simerson, B. K. (2011). Strategic planning a practical guide to strategy formulation and execution. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger.
We will write a custom Essay on The Division of Foreign Trade and Export Support in Abu Dhabi specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
The Safe Third Country Agreement Research Paper a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Effects of the Agreement
Introduction Provision of protection and safety rights to refugees from all over the world is a noble commitment. This type of commitment is given out on a free basis by some of the developed countries in the world, if not all of them. Despite that fact that the United States and Canada have been taking care of the refugees for a long time, refugee policies are undergoing a lot of changes and reconsiderations.
The Safe Third Country Agreement between the United States and Canada signed in 2002 provides examples of such reconsiderations. This paper discusses the impacts and effects of this agreement. This agreement depicts that both, Canada and the United States, in addition to their policies and immigration laws have responsibilities towards refuge seekers under the Geneva Convention to refugees’ status.
Effects of the Agreement The effect of the implementation of this agreement leads to a reduced ability of refugees to make refuge in these countries. Once this agreement (Safe Third Country Agreement) is in force, the immigration of refugees to Canada and the United States can be limited in different ways. First, as soon as the agreement gets in action, refuge seekers can be prevented from filling their claims in both Canada and the United States.
Secondly, according to the rules determined by the United States, refugees requested to apply for asylum in the US other than Canada are not able to do so. When considered, Canadian treatment of asylum claims seem to be stricter as compared to that of the United States, especially in gender based cases. In the United States, the rule that requires a refugee to claim refuge within a year makes a reasonable number of refugees ineligible (Adelman, 2002).
Third, all refugees in the United States and under the agreement cannot make claims. They are afraid of making the claims thinking that they can be treated cruelly or even detained. The next issue is that the agreement should allow the American as well as the Canadian authorities to control the refugees that can be suspected in seeking for asylum with a motive of terrorism.
According to the agreement, some of the refugees seeking asylum in the United States and Canada who have a valid reason for doing so, will not be able to apply being afraid of the procedures to be undertaken according to the new agreement. This makes them move away from applying for these chances.
The other effect is that refugees are vulnerable to hostility and suspicion from Americans as well as Canadians. “The two governments are heavily using the agreement to politically justify that some refugees could be potentially linked terrorism hence disregarding their human rights” (Rights, 2002).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion In conclusion, The Safe Third Agreement is clear evidence that the United States begin to scrutinize its procedure of admitting refugees for the sake of safety of its citizens though performing its international role of provision of asylum to refugees.
The potentiality of the agreement have negative effects to the refugees and it seems to be of less concern to the general public or policy makers in the US. On the other hand, Canada is not able to loose or go far from its economic partner, therefore, goes by the agreement without considering its humanitarian impact.
References Adelman, H. (2002). Canadian Borders and Immigration Post 9/11. The International Migration Review , 36(1), 15-18.
Rights, L. C. (December 4, 2002). US-Canada “Safe Third CountryAgreement”. Will Hurt Asylum Seekers , II. [Press release]. Web.
Peter Pan and Hook Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Peter Pan is a story about a boy who refused to grow up. The book depicts awful feeling experienced by those who are going through a transitional stage of development, from childhood to adolescence and from adolescence to adulthood.
Escaping responsibility and various changes that accompany maturity are the central themes of an original story. Hook, the movie version, reminds the continuation of a story about Peter Pan. Point of view plays an essential role in the story and in the movie, therefore, the difference becomes more visible. There is also a major difference in the atmosphere evoked during the story retelling and in the attitude or the way the storyteller presents the participants of the action.
The moral impact on the audience is also varied. As a result, one who watches the movie has to alter his or her interpretation of the story. Therefore, the movie does not stay true with regards to the context of the original text. Thus, considering the point of view and the atmosphere in the book and in the original text, the major differences may be captured.
The first major difference can be found in the perspective used to tell the story. In the original text the story is told from the perspective of Wendy and her family. Peter Pan is the most compelling character in the original text, but he shares main roles with Wendy and her family.
Peter Pan’s story makes sense because of the interaction of the main character with Mrs. Darling’s family (Barrie 12). Escapism is the main idea of the original story. In the movie the story is told from the point of view of a middle-aged man who searches for the means of recapturing his glory days.
The protagonist in the movie is performed by a brilliant comedian, who is able to portray the role of a middle-aged man who comes through a mid-life crisis. The mere fact that the producer of the film framed the story through the lens of a middle-aged man makes it difficult to stay true to the spirit of the original story. As a result, the movie is connected overwhelmingly to middle-aged audience who watches it, and the impact on children can be interpreted as minimal.
The middle-aged men who watch the movie are referred emotionally to the story because this is the group who wants to recapture old glory. Robin Williams demonstrates this emotional need in the movie. These men want to be strong and fast again. In other words, they want to fly again; not in a literal sense but in the way they perceive themselves, as having the capability to do almost anything.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They are not happy with their current life and, therefore, they want to escape to an idealized setting where they will be allowed to do whatever they want. Neverland is a fantasy world they can use to make this dream come true (Hook). Although the plot of the story makes it interesting for adults to watch, the power of the original text to enthrall both young and old aged is lost.
The second major difference is the atmosphere evoked during retelling of the story. In the original text Peter Pan’s playfulness is very much evident. In the beginning of the story, Peter Pan’s shadow is trapped in Wendy’s house. This episode is important in understanding the atmosphere.
Shadow is presented as “a flimsy thing, which is not more material than a puff of smoke, and if let go would probably float into the ceiling without discolouring it. Yet it has human shape” (Barrie 13). The very description turns a reader to the playful mood. Although the movie shows the child-like character of some of those who reside at Neverland, the focus is not on their childlikeness but on the struggle of the old Peter Pan to regain his youthfulness.
The third major difference between the movie and the book is the way the storyteller presents the characters. For example, in the movie Peter is grown up and mature. He appears as a family man. He is not supposed to grow up. In the story he possesses no characteristics that can enable him to grow up. In the context of the original story, Peter Pan is the leader of the “lost boys” (Barrie 24) as well as in the plot of the movie.
The term “lost” in the book is used in the euphemistic way to describe children who fell out of their prams when they were babies. In the movie, lost boys are presented as children of different age and from various periods of time The cloths they wear depicts the time they lived into and, as a result, the time they became one of the lost boys. There are only several scenes and a couple of statements in the movie that inform the audience about this group of children (Hook).
Since the movie does not stay true to the original intention of the writer when referred to the “lost boys” (Barrie 24), the movie could not elaborate on the problems experienced by them. Thus, when one tries to interpret the movie, the idea that comes to mind is that these boys are lost not as babies, but being at different ages. The producer found it difficult to insert the idea that these children were being babies.
As a result, the longing of children for knowledge is not clearly depicted in the movie 9they might be older to be lost). In the original story Peter Pan is able to express this longing so well when he explains to Wendy why swallows build their nests on the eaves of houses (Barrie 30). Peter Pan says that the swallows longed to hear the stories told to children. Peter is so amazed when he finally hears an ending to the Cinderella story. He is double amazed when Wendy tells him that she knows similar tales.
We will write a custom Essay on Peter Pan and Hook specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Peter Pan is excited not only for himself but also for his friends, the “lost boys.” He says that he has an access to information and he can use what he knows and bring it back to Neverland. The amazement of Peter doubles with his burning desire to tell stories. This particular aspect of the book is not highlighted in the movie. On the contrary, there is a scene when the boys express how they miss their mother.
Finally, there is a major difference in the moral impact of the story. The movie is centered on the struggles of a middle-aged man who seeks to rediscover the joy of childhood and the powers that make him strong and powerful. But the original text centers on the need to remain childlike.
The moral impact of the movie is to compel the audience to focus on the problems of middle-aged men. The movie appeals to this particular age group. At the same time, the moral impact of the movie is rooted in the need to be a good father and a good husband. At the end of the movie Peter rediscovers his past and the power he possesses to accomplish great things.
He discovers that he is greatly admired because of his skills. But he gives it all up for his children. At the end of the movie Peter Pan does not enjoy the idea of flying compared to the realization that he can never see his children again. It is the love of the parents to children that is the main force that drives the movie.
The original text does not focus on love of the father to his children. The main plot of the original story does not highlight the problems that plague middle-aged men. The message of the original text is simple, the need to rediscover the joy of childhood.
The joy of childhood is rooted in happiness, the lack of anxiety and a certain recklessness that enables children to do impossible things. The morality of the story is that a person can grow old and yet never lose that mindset of a child. The original text is very much different in comparison with the movie version of the Peter Pan story.
Conclusion The movie is not a retelling of the original story. There are many differences in terms of point of view, the atmosphere evoked by the movie and the book, the way the characters are depicted and the morality of the story. It is discovered that the movie is related to middle-aged men and their struggles. But the original text is able to enthrall both young and old people with a powerful and simple message never lose the childlikeness inside.
Works Cited Barrie, James. Peter Pan: The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up. New York: Mobi Classics Series, 2009. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Peter Pan and Hook by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hook. Dir. Steven Spielberg. New York: TriStar Pictures, 1991. DVD.
L. A. Live: Exploring the Concept Essay essay help: essay help
Los Angeles Live, better known as L.A. Live, is a giant entertainment complex located near the Staples Center, in downtown of the city. The venue is quite popular among L.A. citizens and tourists coming to the Californian center (L.A. LIVE Properties n. p.). The complex counts numerous restaurants, theatres, concert halls, apartments, and movie theatres.
It also possesses a large hotel and joint tower. The recreation centre can be used for various purposes, such as holding various shows and performances, celebrating notable events, and organizing meetings and concerts. There is also a possibility for all people to have a great time by attending restaurants, doing shopping, and enjoying various shows and events (L.A. LIVE Properties n. p.).
L. A. Live is not just a set of venues, shops, and restaurants because it allows people to escape from reality and routine and dedicate their time to enjoying life (L.A. LIVE Properties n. p.). More importantly, attending L. A. Live is a great opportunity to engage with the world of celebrities and the atmosphere of entertainment. Understanding the concept and mission of the complex, the service can also be organized in other regions in California and all over the United States because it brings new energy and atmosphere.
The main mission of the complex is to entertain people and make their lives more exciting, interesting, and less disturbing. While entering this venue, people can have a chance to meet with theatrical world of celebrities, as well as discover new opportunities for amusement and enjoinment. Thus, the center can provide its guests and visitors with unforgettable experience by proposing exceptional services and a number of venues to visit.
Therefore, L.A. Live allows people to bring their own business and lives into a new dimension, a destination which transforms daily routine into another reality. In other words, the complex brings the city to another level and opens new opportunities for people (JM L.A. LIVE n. p.). Attending various sports events, excellent performances, and music awards events provides people with understanding a new conception of leading a life.
The scale and possibilities of the complex have no analogues in the world and, therefore, the guests of L. A. Live have a unique opportunity to become part of important events at international scale. Propagating a new vision and understanding life in large-scale terms can provide LA citizens with a new conception of how leisure time can be enriched.
Moreover, the complex can ensure its guests to receive any type of services. By attending either hotels or dining facilities, the visitors can find the venues that meet their utmost requirements – from casual style of spending time to the most sophisticated one.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is a well-known fact that Americans spend the most of their recreation budget on film industry because they are regular cinema goers. Therefore, they will definitely be interested in learning more about celebrities and producers who contributed to the film production (Winter and Vertikoff 17).
L. A. LIVE gives a marvelous chance to become closer to the cinema art for ordinary people. The largest recreation centre offers stylish and exclusive event space that can be adjusted to the needs of clients. The event space features a luxury service that can only be provided by L.A. LIVE staff. It offers access to various attractions, including Nokia Theatre, Staples Center, and L.A. Convention Center (JM L.A. LIVE n. p.).
Because the attraction complex is a step-forward toward the future of recreation centers, similar facilities and conceptions can be established in other cities and districts to make U.S. people feel themselves part of something important and global. Such a conception meets the globalization trend according to which people should think globally and contribute to the local development of their cities.
The rapid development of entertainment business in California and other regions of the Untied Unites explains the great dependency of the Americans on the recreation sphere (Winter and Vertikoff 45). Therefore, the architecture, location, and facilities identify the functions and purposes of Los Angeles.
Although L. A. LIVE is another project supporting the city image, it still differs much from the conception because it is considered more than just center for having rest and amusement. It has become a much more important part of daily life which has a potent impact on the actual lifestyles of individuals living in accordance with the established rhythm. Therefore, entertainment business has become a part of purposes, missions, and philosophies of the Californian district.
In conclusion, L.A. LIVE’s outlook on the conception of recreation and entertainment allows for changes of LA citizens’ views on amusement and leisure time. Becoming part of large-scale project provides guests of the center with a unique opportunity to participate in an exclusive event.
The center is also able to find alternative paths to meet the requirements of the most exigent clients and establish new patterns and standards of holding meeting, conferences, concerts and performances. Therefore, such a conception should also bring new energy to other regions in the United States.
We will write a custom Essay on L. A. Live: Exploring the Concept specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited JM L.A. LIVE. L.A. LIVE. n. d. Web.
L.A. LIVE Properties, Overview, L.A. LIVE. n. d. Web. https://www.lalive.com/visitor-center
Winter, Robert and Alexander Vertikoff. The Architecture of Entertainment: L.A. in the Twenties. US: Gibbs Smith, 2006, Print.
Collabo Product Essay (Critical Writing) college application essay help
As for many organizations, the challenge of coming up with a new product lies with the product development department. In this case the name of the new product shall be Collabo. Collabo is a unique laptop with phone features that allow the user to make and receive calls, write short messages and besides, perform all other functions of a normal computer. In case of a phone call, the user receives it via its earphones.
The gadget has an alternative source of power so that even those from rural areas without electricity can be able to operate it easily. This implies that the Collabo product meets the United Nations conventions on environment in line with the making use of the natural sources of energy such as the sun that does not involve so much processing that emits gases that are harmful.
It is intended to cut the costs of buying two separate gadgets which might be too expensive for most of the consumers. This is made possible through a combination of both the phone and laptop features in one gadget and then priced as a unit.
As for this product, the market segmentation variable that will be used is the geographic variable. Geographic segmentation entails classifying the market based on age, occupation, income and religion (Burrell, 2004).
However, in this case, we shall classify the market while laying emphasis on age and income of the consumers. This method of segmentation is the best for Collabo because it involves a lot of technological applications that require young and ambitious people. In addition, any company that is searching for a large market, then the young population shall be the option to go for.
This is because in many countries, the population of the youths is more than that of the old people. Consequently, there are more youths in the labor market than their old counterparts. Besides, these young people have little disposable income and most of them hence cannot afford to buy a phone and a laptop separately and thus the need for this new product.
Specifically, the target market for Collabo shall be the young people of the age bracket 20 to 28 years old. Most of the people in this bracket are college and young employees who are aggressive and fast in embracing a new technology. In addition, they get a yearly income of $ 10,000 to $ 40,000 on average depending on whether they are students or newly employed.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This means they can only buy a product that does not stretch their disposable income to a larger extent. With the emergency of the current trends in business where people make transaction over the web, it is prudent for people to make use of efficient gadgets that facilitate business activities.
It is worth noting that the youths are so much into social networks such as Facebook and Twitter than any other sites. According to psychologists, people in this age bracket are into intimacy versus isolation and consequently, most of their social needs are met through chatting and befriending people on these sites.
They spend most of the time on the internet because it quickly avails their wants by just a click on the mouse. It is with this concern on the behavior of customers that the Collabo product shall be invented so that it suits the needs of its target group.
Moreover, the product (Collabo) shall be of benefit to the market because of its relatively low price, thus saving the real income of the consumers (Kotler, 2001). Besides, it saves energy as it is only one gadget’s battery that is in use compared to the case of two separate gadgets with different batteries.
In addition, most of the assignments are sent by the lecturers over the internet to the students. This implies that those who have regular access to the internet get the assignments in time than those who do not have. Furthermore, the students are required to type and submit typed work for marking and also to create references for their work. All these requirements are time consuming and tedious to conduct. Hence, when all the above needs are put into consideration, the Collabo becomes the best product for them (students).
Looking at the market prices, a standard laptop goes for $ 500 but Collabo with its inbuilt laptop and phone features, shall be introduced at a price of $ 425 because we want to establish a presence in the market while keeping check on the quality of our product.
When a company introduces a new product in the market, it ventures into advertisements, giving free samples and also not forgetting to offer the products at a relatively lower price in order to attract a large customer base. It is worth noting that in as much as the new product, Collabo enters the market, there are other relatively similar products in the industry. So, the mangers have to select the price of this product diligently to keep up with the base of the market.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Collabo Product specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The pricing strategy that shall be employed is the cost-based pricing with emphasis on the product features. This is meant to cover the cost of the features and the profit margins so that the firm can be efficient in its operations. The other things considered in this pricing strategy is the technology employed in producing the product and the labor.
If the technology is imported, then the prices of the products go high. However, as for Collabo, the technology that shall be used is going to be sourced locally while also making use of local labor. This translates to low prices for Collabo.
The objectives that shall be met include satisfying the consumers’ needs and remaining competitive in the market. Collabo satisfies the consumers’ needs through convenience in providing all services of a phone and laptop in one gadget.
On the other hand, the patent rights that shall be acquired will enable the firm to continue enjoying its innovation over a long time and this facilitates a competitive edge in the market.
It goes without saying that the product is worth this price because it is an initial price that is meant to attract more and make the product relatively affordable. Besides, it covers the cost of producing it.
Following the product life cycle (PLC), at the introductory stage, the product will be charged for $ 425 as we endeavor to gain access into the market. The lower price shall serve both as a pricing strategy and a package of attraction. At the growth stage, we shall increase the price to $ 450 to cover the costs of advertising and sales.
This is a stage when the firm has gained some market presence and hence has some royal customer. However, at maturity stage, we will charge $ 500 to keep up with the market prices and at this point many customers would have embraced our products. Finally, at the decline stage, we shall lower the price to $ 450 if we find there is need for us to divest the product from the market. This will depend on the customer demand for the Collabo.
Reference List Burrell, T. (2004). Marketing strategies. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Collabo Product by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kotler, P. (2001). Principles of marketing. New York, NY: Pearson.
“Round Midnight” by Carmen Sings Monk vs. “Hotter than That” by Louis Armstrong Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
This study looks at jazz elements including vocalists and accompaniments as portrayed by Carmen McRae in the song “Round Midnight” and Louis Armstrong in the song “Hotter than That”. The two jazz artists portray their brilliance in composition as seen in their variation between vocals and instrumentation.
Carmen wrote the song “Round Midnight” at the end of the Second World War, when he was only 18. He performed the song with his band a few years later, after he had mastered various styles of other musicians. The song “Round Midnight” is a dark and beautiful ballad that provides a fresh and original sound that is timeless.
Carmen portrays a brilliant understanding of the lyric and its placement as he plays the chord during rubato sections. The phrasing by McRae shows independence in the arrangement of chords to match the key words in the lyrics. He brings out the mood of the song by adjusting his voicing to encase the melody in a supportive manner.
“Hotter than Hot” by Louis Armstrong is identified as one of the greatest jazz recordings in the history of jazz music. Louis brings out a crisp and live performance by skillfully combining his trumpet and vocals in the piece. The song comprises a lead from the piano, a trombone solo by Kid Orv and intro licks by Louis.
The song shows exceptional understanding of roles by the musicians, with Louis playing the vocals and trumpet, Kid Ory the trombone, Johnny Dodds the clarinet, Lil Armstrong the piano, Lonnie Johnson the guitar, and Johnny St. Cyr the banjo.
The performance involves collaboration between the original “Hot Five Group” and Lonnie, a featured musician. Louis’ brilliance as a solo vocalist is evident, which explains his dominance in the group’s performances. The song has a higher tendency towards jam sounds on the chord than it has on melody. “Hotter than That” uses an eight bar introduction with a fast tempo.
It starts with a trumpet solo by Armstrong, which portrays a strong melodic notion with a combination of an energetic sound and a stylish swing. The song presents the rhythmic sense of Armstrong, using his vocals behind the beat and a set of dotted quarter notes that deviate from the original beat of the melody.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The melody by Armstrong contains various styles, including the use of scat singing as seen in the repeated use of “RIP” with a rising glissando, and the invention of the word “BEBOP”, which was picked up as a reference to the jazz movement in the 1940s.
For instance, Louis’ performance in the first chorus is serene, as he approaches the break in a rhythmical way. The appeal of jazz music is seen in the energy, brilliance, dominance and confidence of the vocalists with the support of the entire group in their instrumentation. The rapid change of emotion in instrumentation is a feature of jazz music.
This is observed in the performance of “Hotter than That” when Dodds plays his clarinet solo with an angry opening that is supported by Lil the piano. The urgency of the two instruments prepares the audience for beautiful music that follows the performance, as Louis varies his tempo while singing and applying the hornlike scat solos.
Jazz music exhibits a formidable partnership between vocals and instruments. The brilliance of instrumentalists is seen when Lonnie Johnson plays his guitar solo using the single-string ideas, as he skillfully bends his guitar strings to impersonate the moans by Louis. Such working relationships between vocalists and accompanists make jazz performances a powerful and timeless source of musical entertainment.
Understanding of the World Trade Organization Essay custom essay help
Following the interest that your highly reputable firm has expressed regarding setting foot in overseas markets, it is prudent that we bring to your attention the organizations that govern international trade. In this respect, we hope to help you understand some of the unacceptable business malpractices in foreign markets.
Moreover, we aim at enlightening you on how business conflicts can be resolved amicable through the assistance of global bodies (Bines
Rhetorical Analysis Essay best essay help
Introduction The use of rhetoric strategies and appeals, for example logos, ethos, together with pathos to lure customers to buy a company’s products or services is a practice that has been embraced by companies for a long time now. From big corporations to the not-so big ones, the benefits of this practice are invaluable.
This is well demonstrated in the web page of the Double Cola Company, (www.double-cola.com), a web page that is committed to targeting and attracting the young audience of the high-end economic status. The aim of this paper is to highlight how Double Cola Company has incorporated these elements into its website as a measure of attracting customers. By carefully using rhetorical elements of logos, ethos and pathos, the web page is able to successfully able to target its audience.
The web page www.double-cola.com is a well-crafted medium that presents various products of the Double Coca Company. This company was founded in 1922 in Chattanooga, Tennessee (“Why settle for the ordinary” par 1). The company has grown to become one of the leading providers of carbonated drinks in the United States and beyond her borders.
Using rhetoric appeal, the web page conveys the company’s products as the ideal choice for the young and high-end or well-off consumer. Running down at the web page is a historic logo of a small boy with a big smile as he runs holding a large Double Cola bottle, which was then called the Jumbo Cola. This logo is an effective rhetorical element.
Children are often associated with purity and innocence. Because small children have this characteristic, they are a trigger for the emotions of an audience, every audience, irrespective of age or any other demographic. This is an effective rhetorical element of pathos used by the web page.
The objective of this image is to affect the target audience in a number of ways, which entirely center on emotion. A young person is bound to see the image and think about the boy carrying the giant sized bottle of Cola, and consider the carbonated drink to be the favorite drink of the boy.
A young person is also bound to compare himself or herself with the young boy, and argue that since the boy is similar to him, he should get a Double Cola as well. An image of a young person skiing is also seen on the web page, demonstrating the energy that one can have by consuming the products of the company. The objective of this image is to trigger interest among the young people to compare themselves with the young person shown (“The Double Cola Company” par. 3).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is unique about the web page is its messages that are targeted to not just any ordinary consumer, but only to the high-end or rich consumer. The message for the Double Cola, for example, is “Why settle for ordinary when you could try something unexpected? Savor the taste of freedom, and enjoy the ride” (“The Double Cola Company” par. 4). Below the webpage the message is repeated (but in large letters) and reads thus: “NEVER SETTLE FOR THE ORDINARY” (“The Double Cola Company” par. 6).
This can be found at the company’s web site. Certainly, the objective of the web page was to target their products not to the ordinary young person, but to those that are ready to go for the extraordinary. All the products of the company, including the Double Cola, Chaser, Ski, Jumbo and Oranta are highly priced products that only those willing to go for the extraordinary can afford.
This is however not the message conveyed by the web page, because it would be ineffective to inform its audience that its products are expensive compared to other carbonated drinks. By presenting itself as the provider of drinks for the young and the extraordinary consumer, the web page is able to target its target audience.
The use of ethos and pathos is also present in the web page’s message of the Hard to find and Easy to Love message. Below the message, there is an appeal by the web page for one not to settle for easy, but to go and discover the hidden treasures found in a Double-Cola. This message targets not the ordinary young consumer, but only a consumer who is ready to go for the best in the market.
The use of logos is also found in a Did You Know message found at the bottom of the web page, which informs the consumer that every Cracker Barrel Old Country Store located in the country has glass bottles of the Double Cola, which are sold in vintage four-packs. This is a message targeting only those ready to pay for a four-pack. The web page seeks to make its target market realize that consumers are willing to pay for a four-pack, demonstrating how good their product is (“The Double Cola Company” par. 5).
Conclusion The use of logos, ethos, pathos and rhetorical elements is heavily evident in the website. This is in spite of the web page’s lack of using video commercials, which could have conveyed further messages on a video platform.
The above analysis of the various rhetorical elements incorporated in the web page demonstrates the company’s commitment to ensure that their target market, the young and the high-end consumer, is reached. By presenting their products as the premium products that are above ordinary, the company, through its web page, is able to curve a niche in the carbonated drinks market.
We will write a custom Essay on Rhetorical Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited “The Double Cola Company.” double-cola. Double Cola, inc. n.d. Web.
“Why settle for the ordinary.” double-cola. Double Cola, inc. n.d. Web.
Death Penalty Issues in Tennessee State Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Death penalty dominates considerably within the American law. Numerous politicians have fronted varying opinions on the matter. This is evident in the current politics of Tennessee, USA, especially in the Hamilton County. Individuals who commit capital offences usually face the death penalty as a retaliatory measure (Stearman 16). Nonetheless, this provision has been condemned by the human rights lobby groups and other political activists who hope to attract and retain more supporters based on their position on the matter.
Contextually, Guy Satterfield, who hopes to succeed Ron Littlefield in the Chattanooga mayoral seat, has demonstrated a considerable stance on the matter. This politician hopes (while in office) to create a bill that will restructure the death penalty to favour the aspects of human rights. Guy Satterfield uses various evidences to support his position on the matter.
Everybody has a right to life regardless of their crime. This argument tends to disregard the death penalty for the benefit of the TN state. Other aspirants including Rob Healy, Andy Berke, and Tom McCullough among other politicians have demonstrated ambiguous positions regarding the matter. Various speeches produced by Guy Satterfield have condemned the aspects of death penalty based on his considerable arguments.
Evidently, death penalty cannot be used to reduce crime. There are various reasons why people commit crimes. There is need to address such issues vastly so as to avert criminal incidences. Issues ranging from unemployment to inequality in the society have contributed immensely to the mentioned crimes (Stearman 34).
In this context, it is crucial to claim that death penalty cannot be effective in reducing crime within Tennessee and beyond. Upcoming political aspirants have majored on this issue so as to attract various supporters. There is need to bar politicians from manipulating the law to favour their political interests. It is agreeable that death penalty can bar individuals from committing capital offences; however, there are other offences that must be curbed in time before such culprits engage in the condemned capital crimes.
Guy Satterfield hopes to enact considerable changes in regard to death penalty. For example, it is arguable that the culprits of capital crimes can be rehabilitated for the better. In fact, they can change considerably and act as examples for the new generations.
This thwarts the need to execute them in the context of death penalty. The human rights lobby groups have concurred with Guy Satterfield on his speeches. They intend to discount the death penalty. It is crucial to understand the provisions of this retaliatory measure so as to argue for or against the concerned subject.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The law, since its enactment, has had considerable oppositions from various groups as indicated earlier. Being an election time, politicians from the Hamilton County have had contentious positions on the matter. Nevertheless, the provisions of death penalty are unfair to the mankind. Capital offences can be subjected to such initiatives regardless of the situation (Jackson and Diane 76). This argument is supported by various literatures written to discern various aspects of the death penalty.
Personally, the politician’s views regarding the death penalty are correct. The state should address various factors that contribute to the concerned crimes rather than punishing the culprits inconsiderably. This will also reduce other potential crimes within the Hamilton County and beyond. The stance taken on the matter is important based on its contentious contexts. There is need for equality, viable education, employment opportunities, and social wellbeing.
Works Cited Carroll, Chris. 2013 Chattanooga election begins to take shape. 2012. Web. https://www.timesfreepress.com/news/local/story/2012/sep/22/2013-chattanooga-election-begins-to-take-shape/88616/
Jackson, Bruce and Diane Christian. In This Timeless Time: Living and Dying on Death Row in America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2012. Print.
Stearman, Kaye. The Death Penalty. New York, NY: Rosen Pub. Group’s Rosen Central, 2007. Print.
Leadership of Change in an Organization Case Study essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Why Richard Kelly failed in first attempt
Effective subsequent actions by Richard
Evaluation of leadership
Introduction A good leader should be able to persuade, inspire and enable others to participate towards the success of an organization. Good leadership in organizational change calls for leaders with certain skills and qualifications such as self-assurance, emotional acumen, and intelligence among others. Various leadership styles apply in bringing change in an organization.
Some of the leadership styles include task-focused leadership, situational leadership, visionary leadership and authoritative leadership. The change process involves developing urgency of change, empowering change groups, developing a vision, frequent and powerful communication of the vision, eliminating change obstacles, creating short-term goals, building on change and incorporating change in the organization processes.
Why Richard Kelly failed in first attempt To bring effective change in an organization, hard work is required. Richard did not plan his change strategy carefully. Richard was impatient and expected instant results too soon. Richard should have developed an open and persuasive discourse about order processing with employees and customers to support his argument. It was important for Richard to ensure that at least three quarters of the organization management supported his change idea.
Richard did not spend enough time and energy in creating the order processing urgency. Richard experienced panic and moved too fast to other steps that resulted in short-term monetary losses due to purchases. Richard was successful in convincing the management of the need to change the order process.
However, he did not consider fragile components of his change strategy that required commitment and involvement of managers from other departments. Richard failed to identify possible obstacles that affected his strategy. Richard also failed to identify equals opposed to change and assisted them in understanding the need for change.
Effective subsequent actions by Richard In his second attempt to improve the organization’s order process, Richard took some effective actions that delivered the desired change. The first action was gathering information on the reasons for the delay while processing and filling orders. This was pivotal in creating urgency that is a key step in bringing change in an organization.
The second action was meeting with various department managers. This was necessary in forming task forces that ensured commitment. This helped convince the management of the need for change. The next effective action was securing the services of an external consultant.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Various examinations of the problem done by the various task forces were highly effective too. They helped in establishing what they were doing wrong as well as what needed some improvement. The other effective action by Richard was getting the support of the Chief Executive Officer that was evident in the meetings he attended.
Evaluation of leadership From the case study, the change leadership provided by the Chief Executive Officer is very effective. The Chief Executive Officer allows other employees to participate fully in the success of the organization. The Chief Executive Officer’s trust in employees’ to deliver desired results is also a feature of effective leadership.
In change leadership, trusting and believing in employees’ abilities as well as supporting their ideas deliver positive results. A good leader should be intelligent, self-assured, influential and inspiring. All these features are well manifested by the Chief Executive Officer.
Conclusion In bringing effective change in an organization, ethical leadership is very important. The choice of leadership style used should take into consideration the organization’s culture, goals and vision. The steps used in effecting change are important and require enough time to ensure that unprecedented losses and expenditures are not experienced.
When making change to a process that people are used to, it is important to make consultations on any desired changes to the process. Enough and thorough research should be carried out before effecting any change.
The Issue of American Horror Story Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
The annual Emmy Awards attract a lot of audience to the screens of TV sets because many people want to be the first to know the names of the winners. It is important to note that the popularity of the Emmy Awards is connected with the fact that the nominated primetime shows entertain the millions of Americans each evening, and all these shows have their fans.
That is why, the 64th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Ceremony which was on Sunday, September 23, 2012 drew the attention of TV fans and critics. The most controversial situation is associated with the problem of categories according to which the shows were assessed. The fans of American Horror Story accentuate the fact that the category for presenting the show was chosen inappropriately.
Producers of the show are inclined not to comment on the situation, and critics propose different explanations to the problem. Thus, examining the information about this controversial situation with determining the category for American Horror Story, it is necessary to pay attention to such aspects as the speaker or the person who provides his vision of the problem, the causes of the situation, and its consequences in relation to the fact the show has not won all the announced nominations.
To examine the aspects of the situation, it is significant to refer to different sources of information. The materials presented in the daily magazine The Hollywood Reporter and posted by the online provider of business news International Business Times were chosen to compare and contrast the approaches to the media coverage of the situation.
The Hollywood Reporter is oriented to the entertainment information that is why the information was presented in the form of commenting on Jessica Lange’s (the actress of American Horror Story) vision of the problem, basing on the interview with the actress.
Jessica Lange “took a firm no comment on whether the FX series would have been better off competing in the drama category”, but concentrated on her emotions in relation to the work (Goldberg). According to the first criterion, the readers of The Hollywood Reporter have the opportunity to observe the situation only from the point and position of one person.
That is why, this vision can be discussed as rather subjective. The material presented at International Business Times provides the viewpoints of several speakers interested in the problem. Thus, it is possible to examine the position of the producers, of John Landgraf, FX’s president, and of James Hibberd in relation to the problem of confusing categories (Zara).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the most important aspects to be highlighted is the causes of presenting American Horror Story in the category of miniseries when the show actually should be nominated in the drama category because of its format.
The article in The Hollywood Reporter does not provide the direct answers to the question of causes, providing the description of the situation with references to Jessica Lange’s words (Goldberg). However, the material at International Business Times provides the audience with several possible causes of the situation with references to different persons.
Thus, it is stated in the article, “many critics saw the move as a thinly veiled way to keep the show from competing directly with heavy hitters in the Outstanding Drama category, including AMC’s Mad Men and Breaking Bad and Showtime’s Homeland (Zara). Moreover, John Landgraf accentuates that “we always knew that American Horror Story was going to be a miniseries in the sense that we knew that it was a close-ended show” (Zara). It is possible to state that the question of real causes remains still open.
The fans of American Horror Story concentrate on the fact that the inappropriate category could influence the chances of the show to win the nomination. From this point, it is necessary to focus on presenting the consequences of the situation for the show. Thus, answering the question about the chances of American Horror Story to win the nomination in another category, Jessica Lange said, “I don’t know. That’s an area that I wouldn’t be able to speak to” (Goldberg).
When the position of Jessica Lange in relation to the outcomes of being nominated in the wrong category cannot be identified clearly, the position of the author of the material presented at International Business Times is rather clear. Stating that the controversy “ended with a thud on Sunday night when Horror Story lost to Game Change”, the author connects the choice of an inappropriate category for nomination with the show’s loss (Zara).
In spite of the fact the materials presented in The Hollywood Reporter and at International Business Times are dedicated to the controversy with categories at the Emmy Awards, the approaches to discussing the aspects of the situation are different. The coverage of the situation in two sources differs in three criteria which are the speaker, the discussion of the causes, and the analysis of the consequences of nominating American Horror Story in the category of miniseries instead of the drama category.
Works Cited Goldberg, Lesley. “Emmys 2012: Jessica Lange Says ‘American Horror Story’ Like ‘Doing a Different Film’”. The Hollywood Reporter 24 Sep. 2012: 10.
We will write a custom Essay on The Issue of American Horror Story specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Zara, Christopher. Confusing Emmy Categories Are The Real American Horror Story. 24 Sep. 2012. Web. .
Stereotype Threat Report college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Abstract There has been an immense concern of the impact of gender and racial stereotyping on the academic performance of individuals stereotyped from these angles. Poor performance of women in comparison to men in some subjects such as mathematics had been attributed to the existing differences, both biological and social, between them and men.
However, this was before the emergence of the discipline of stereotype threat in 1995. In the current research, it is confirmed that elimination of stereotypes on women’s abilities in mathematics can enhance their performance in mathematics, a subject that has been taken a reserve for men.
Introduction Before the development of research in the field of stereotype threats, psychologists coupled with various practitioners in the field of social psychology enormously believed that the differences in performance between boys and girls in intelligence and mathematics tests were related to their sociological and biological differences.
However, emerging researches as from 1990s have shown that the existing differences in social situations can often truncate into the depiction of differences in performance in intelligence and math tests among boys and girls.
These social situations involve the creation of awareness of negative stereotypes especially in a situation encompassing stereotyping of the relevant group domains. The impacts of stereotyping are found as being incredibly pronounced among groups of persons who identify themselves strongly with particular groups and domains (Stone et al, 1999, p.1213).
Why Introduce ST Claude Steele introduced the topic of ST in the discipline of social psychology in 1995. He defined it interactively as the fear that people have while confirming their negative stereotype characteristic on their individual groups (Steele
Concept of the Utilitarian Theory by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill Essay argumentative essay help
Utilitarianism is a normative theory in the field of philosophy, which claims that a suitable course of action maximizes overall happiness (Stokes 18). Utilitarian theory is concerned about the consequences of an action. However, it is unclear whether the consequences are imagined or real.
Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are the two main supporters of the theory. Bentham argues that the greatest number of people should achieve happiness if utilitarianism is to be achieved in society. Under all circumstances, people should avoid evil and always strive to do the right thing in society. To Bentham, the act of doing right and avoiding evil is referred to as the fundamental axiom (Bentham 31).
According to Bentham, nature places individuals under the governance of either pain or happiness. Therefore, it is upon human beings to determine their destinies. The cost of happiness or pain is usually measured in terms of intensity, period, certainty, and solitude of an event or action. Apart from measuring the intensity of an act, it is also important to consider the number of people affected by an action or event.
Stuart Mill concurs with Bentham’s views that individuals have the freedom to select what is right for them. For Mill, an individual can decide to choose a pleasure that does not satisfy his needs fully. However, Mill notes that no individual can accept to lower his or her dignity to enjoy high pleasures (Mill 56). In particular, he suggests that no human being can accept to be put in the same category as beasts.
Since Tasha is in a position to help the local poor, she should not temper with the prices of goods. Utilitarianism suggests that an individual should always strive to do the right thing in the right way. If Tasha increases the prices of goods, few people will be able to acquire them.
Nonetheless, the locals cannot do without winter clothes because of the bad weather. According to Bentham, Tasha will be going against the cardinal rule, which he referred to as the fundamental axiom. Increasing the prices of winter clothes is an act that does not aim at bringing happiness to the majority.
Happiness is achieved when the needs of the majority in society are met. For the case of Tasha, her act of tripling the prices of products will simply bring individual happiness. This is not what utilitarianism promotes. To Stuart Mill, Tasha will have lowered her dignity to the level equivalent to that of a beast. In real sense, an individual should not allow his or her status to be lowered only to achieve high pleasures.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moore notes that other aspects, such as love and knowledge, influence happiness (Moore 19). Therefore, Tasha should consider the problems facing the locals before increasing the prices of winter clothes. In the first place, people might have lost their resources during the catastrophe. This means that they might not be having enough money to acquire the basic products. However, they will have to look for little cash since their happiness depends on the acquisition of winter clothes.
Without the winter clothes, the locals would not make it in life. Since Tasha is a knowledgeable person, she should know that people are suffering. Her love for members of society should not vanish for the sake of making abnormal profits. Tasha will be perceived as somebody with the interest of the majority at heart if she charges people normal prices. Consequently, members of society will collectively achieve high pleasures.
Works Cited Bentham, Jeremy. The Works of Jeremy Bentham: Published under the Superintendence of His Executor, John Bowring, Volume 1. New York: Adamant Media Corporation, 2001. Print.
Mill, Stuart. A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive (Classic Reprint). New York: Forgotten Books, 2011. Print.
Moore, George. Ethics. London: Williams and Norgate, 1912. Print.
Stokes, Eric. The English Utilitarian and India. London: Clarendon Press, 1963. Print.
The ways, limits and opposition to individualism Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Renaissance and Reformation: ways of individualism
Limits and opposition to Individual freedom
Introduction Renaissance began in the early fourteenth century in Italy. Later the wave swept over North Europe as new teachings that focused on an individual began to emerge. In the twelfth century when St Francis of Assisi began challenging the worship. He established the Franciscans religious group which embraced a way of worship that was more personalized. This was a spark that would later explode to make Italy the heart of renaissance.
This spirit spread to Europe in the mid fifteenth century when Europe began to experience significant economic growth that aided further renaissance and reformation. Reformation was more of an outcome of renaissance that served to promote individualism in the society. In this paper, the ways and means that enabled individualism and its limits will be discussed. In addition, the opposing factors to individual freedom will also be argued.
Renaissance and Reformation: ways of individualism In the mid fifteenth century, renaissance began in Europe in the Flanders region. This region consisted of the prosperous cities of those days and their economic status made a great contribution to this rebirth. This later spread to the rest of Europe as economic status registered a significant growth.
This was initiated by different people particularly artists, who through their artistic pieces made the people change their way of thinking; initially people were thinking and living in accordance with the church’s teachings paying huge taxes and watching helplessly as the clergy indulged in all sorts of evil.
With the introduction of renaissance, it made sense to focus on an individual as a contributor to the beauty of the world and hence the one, who values the ideas of each and everyone. A German artist, Albrecht Durer made a trip to Italy to learn new artistic techniques and brought them back home and applied these to his work spreading the Italian renaissance to his people.
Desiderius Erasmus who was a priest of the Dutch origin produced a Greek translation of the new testament of the Bible and pushed for vernacular translations to enable the people to read the bible themselves. Thomas More pushed for social reform through his book Utopia where he describes a harmonious society as ideal. He also emphasized on justice as a way to stop crime and not to put an end to the criminal. (More 4).
William Shakespeare spread the gospel of renaissance through his well crafted plays. European humanist scholars pushed for education and the ancient ways of learning as a way to liberate the people. They insisted on religious themes to be incorporated in the learning process to bring about moral and religious transformation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The introduction of printing would take Europe to another level. A German priest, Johan Gutenberg, produced the first print version of the entire Bible. Printing made books more available and cheaper, and reading became the culture for the Europeans. When people can read and understand, it is easier to pass across knowledge and ideas that would enlighten the population more on individual freedom and value. As renaissance continued in Europe, the worldly behavior of the churchmen became unbearable.
The then Christians would read the Bible as they had learnt how to read and the Bible was available in different languages; this meant that they understood what was required of them according to God’s laws. This also opened doors to a fresh quest for reforms. Martin Luther initiated this fight that would later enable him to lead a group of Protestants out of the Roman Catholic Church which was the only church in those days.
German Princes opted out of the Roman Catholic Church and joined Luther’s Lutheranism. This led to eruption of religious wars which ended in 1555 when the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, agreed to sign the Peace of Augsburg agreement with the Princes to let them chose the religion for their lands. More groups of people continued to deviate from the teachings of the Catholic Church.
Calvinists believed that destiny was predetermined by God not set by a person’s deeds. Anabaptists upheld martyrdom and many of them were executed for various reasons. Zwingli first abandoned the catholic teachings and embraced Lutheranism. He went further and deviated from the Lutheran way by going against fasting in lent. He also spearheaded marriages of priests giving rise to Zwinglism.
Limits and opposition to Individual freedom Choosing the way of worship was more personalized. However, the fact that princes were left to choose which system of worship was to be followed in their territories left many with no choice but to comply. Sir Henry due to his own selfish desires took over the Church of England.
He wanted to get a second wife with the hope of getting a male heir to his throne. This was not allowable in the Catholic Church and so he took off. He wanted people to worship his way and those who refused, like Thomas More, were executed. Menocchio’s rebellious spirit got him burnt alive. He was a peasant whose liberated mind made him question the Christian belief about the origin of God. This got him into serious trouble with the church (Gunzburg 28).
The early church dominated the lives of the people making it almost impossible for any human being to control their lives. However, renaissance brought back a revival of culture and a more realistic view of the world and life. The Church only focused on life after death but renaissance brought back the idea of living here and now.
We will write a custom Essay on The ways, limits and opposition to individualism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The then Christians lacked the freedom to express their views or desires; all they had to do was follow the Church’s doctrines and teachings without question. The Priests were so worldly, corrupt and greedy. They were a complete contrast of the disciples whose character the church was supposed to emulate. They lived luxuriously, off the people’s hard earned resources which were submitted to the church as taxes and offerings in exchange for indulgence.
This would not be questioned by anybody as the people’s minds were enslaved. With renaissance, the voice of the people had to be heard as they refused to follow these doctrines and opted out of the Catholic Church. This liberation was very much opposed by the church in a bid to stay in control but they fought a losing battle. Finally the church had to go through a great reformation due to overwhelming pressure.
Conclusion Renaissance and reformation were outcomes of a number of activities. The growth of economy that was aided by the powerful merchants in the region was a great pillar of renaissance. This was the source of financing for the reform agenda. The medieval church had held the minds of the people captive in its teachings and doctrines for ages.
This changed with renaissance as people realized their worth and place in the universe. The church was the main opponent to freedom that came about with renaissance and reformation. The political leadership of the regions chose the way of worship to be followed by their people. This was a bit limiting in terms of making individual choices.
Works Cited More, Sir Thomas. Utopia. Ed. Robert M. Adams. New York: Norton and Company, 1992. Print.
Gunzburg, Carlo. The Cheese and the Worms: the cosmos of a sixteenth-century miller
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992, c1980. Print.
Critical Analysis of the Plays: The Three Sisters and Happy Days Essay (Critical Writing) essay help
Happy Days is a play introduced by Winnie, a middle aged woman buried up to her waist. However, the play does not explain why Winnie is in that position, and for how long she will remain there. Winnie describes how it is another happy day for her, with the sun shining. She expresses her gratitude because she is able to breathe. The play does not reflect realism because Winnie cannot be optimistic of the day, when she is buried in the sand.
The play does not suggest a positive character to the audience since Winnie, who speaks of optimism, is stuck at the bottom of the hierarchy of needs. The play does not explain to the audience why Winnie is covered in the sand, and for how long she will stay in that state (Beckett 1994). Although it can be used to create suspense so as to win the audience’s attention and curiosity, the playwright does not answer these questions by the end of the play.
This does not reflect realism because the play should depict the real life of the audience. Nevertheless, the play is entitled Happy Days, with the character speaking of a happy day because the sun is shining and she is alive. This indicates that this part of literature was intended to breed optimism in society. However, this cannot be achieved because the audience relates the words of the characters and the situations around them.
Winnie is speaking of a happy day when she is soaked in sand. Happiness cannot be identified and reflected by the characters. Therefore, the play does not impact the audience with a sense of optimism, since the characters are in struggles of survival. Theater will improve when literary artists connect words of characters with their situations on stage so as to create originality and realism to the audience.
On the other hand, The Three Sisters describes three characters, where one of them is a provincial school head teacher. The second character is the head teacher’s wife, while the third one is non committal to marriage. The trio had a purpose to leave their village and move to Moscow. The three girls, with their brother Andrei, live a dream of returning to Moscow, where they hope that life will be charming and stimulating.
From the movie, nothing can surface to replace their hopes of going back to Moscow (Candby 1977). According to the girls, Moscow would change their lifestyles. However, tragedy struck and shuttered their hopes. The play does not fulfill the girls’ dream of landing back in Moscow. This does not reflect optimism since the girls’ hopes were not fulfilled in the play. It also suggests that the play cannot impart optimism to the audience because the characters used did not achieve their dreams.
The audience associates itself with characters in the movie, and when they cannot achieve their dreams in the play, the audience will feel the same. Therefore, the two plays do not show optimism because characters used do not point it to the audience. Literature is used as a mirror of communication to society. Characters used in the plays represent actual scenes in real life, whereby they should be to portray actual lifestyles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More References Beckett, S. (1994). Happy Days. New York, NY: Grove Press.
Candby, V. (1977). New York Times. The Three Sisters (1965) Film: Egos Beset Chekhov’s sisters.
Change/innovation of Facebook Problem Solution Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction to Change/innovation of Facebook
Introduction to Change/innovation of Facebook Facebook should devise new strategies to meet the changing demands among the clients. Innovation is a fundamental process because it enhances profitability within online corporations. Over the years, the company has been relying solely on revenues from basic advertisements and campaigns that promote different organizational processes.
This signifies that the Facebook is popular among populations that do not contribute to its financial growth. Furthermore, the corporations’ administrators have limited revenue because majority of their clients lack resources (Baloun, 2007). The company can reinstate its position in the market through invention and innovation. These changes will aid the company capitalize on profitability. Consequently, it is necessary to highlight the changes that will increase the profitability of facebook.
Change/innovation strategies Facebook should introduce new features that will enable the site to maximize profitability (Vander, 2008). It is important for the company to rebrand to tap on the unexploited potential of the market. For instance, the organization should ensure that Facebook’s “time-line” meets the needs of users without compromising their privacy. This is critical for the success of the company. Additionally, facebook should introduce fees to people who intend to use the social networking site in streaming videos online.
The administrators of facebook should capitalize on technological innovations such as streaming music online. This can be a source of revenue for the site. The administrators should introduce features that will allow customers to customize their sites on facebook (Carter
Gene Discovery: Ischaemic Stroke and Genetic Variations Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Aim
Disease and significance as a public health issue
Ability to link a medical condition to a specific gene allows for mitigation of treatment measures targeting that gene. Successful mapping brings raises chances of eliminating a condition or paves way for development of treatment. Researchers have become more eager in identifying underlying factors for chronic illnesses and diseases.
For some conditions, treatment focuses on alleviation of pain or prolonging life. Conditions such as stoke kill about six million people annually. In developed countries, stroke is the second top cause of demise. This necessitates research approaches to find ways of reducing mortality. Treatments for many conditions are developed when a link through their genetic sequence is established (Mutation, 2012).
Aim A team of researchers from various institutes carried out a study whose aim was to identify genetic variations common in people suffering from Ischaemic stroke. The scientists from the University of Oxford and other United Kingdom based research institutes sought to isolate a genetic variant to link to the disease to pave the way for development of suitable treatment (Mutation, 2012).
Methodology The researchers selected a sample consisting of 3,548 patients of Ischaemic stroke, and a healthy group of 5,972 to act as a control sample. DNA samples were extracted from both groups and compared to identify genetic variants common to the stroke victims.
DNA samples from the participants were extracted using a standard technique. Total cellular RNA was extracted from the samples, quantified and cDNA synthesis performed using High Capacity Kit developed by Applied Biosystems. ABI 7500 PCR system was used to measure the level of HDAC 9 and amplified using Taqman probe Hs00402870_A1 for all isoforms, and using Hs00206843_A1 for 1, 4 and 5 isoforms. Control samples were run simultaneously in order to verify the efficacy of amplification.
Human GUSB gene was used to normalize the level of HDAC gene. Relative expression of HDAC and GUSB genes was calculated using the 2-∆∆CT method. Duplicate PCR was conducted and results accepted for samples with a standard deviation below 0.5 (Tollefsbol, 2010).
The scientists observed genetic variants on three separate localities, which other researchers in the past had associated with varying grades of Ischaemic stroke. The variations occurred at PITX2, short arm of chromosome nine and on ZFHX3 genes. The researchers also observed a unique genetic variant on HDAC 9 gene.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The variant, which occurred at a new position on the gene, is suspected to cause large vessel stroke. The variant is abundant among patients in the United Kingdom, occurring in about 10% of stroke cases. Through calculations, researchers concluded that each variant increased the chances of having a large vessel stroke by 42% (Tollefsbol, 2010).
During the study, the researchers assumed that genetic variations common among stroke patients potentially made them susceptible to stroke. Use of a control group comprised of healthy individuals provided a basis for comparing gene patterns during the study (Mutation, 2012).
The study, however, could not conclude whether HDAC 9 was responsible for stroke. However, the gene was shown to contribute to the condition almost doubling the chances of occurrence. Such a study can only point out to the possibility of such variants promoting the disease or unmask other related components that have the same effect (Mutation, 2012).
Disease and significance as a public health issue Stroke ranks amongst the top three causes of death to the elderly population. If not death, it causes paralysis or chronic disability. In particular, Ischaemic stroke occurs when a major artery is blocked reducing oxygen supply to the brain. Narrowed blood vessels impede supply of oxygen to the brain, rapidly destroying large portions of the brain, resulting in paralysis or death. Ischaemic stroke occurs as a result of blockage on carotid or large cerebral arteries (Mutation, 2012).
Though genetics of a person may predispose towards stroke, habits such as smoking, environment and other lifestyle factors increase the chances of suffering the condition. Stroke is, therefore, not limited to people whose genes point out to predisposing (Mutation, 2012).
Stroke raises public health concern due to several reasons. Firstly, it causes paralysis. The state renders a person inactive and, therefore, unable to participate in economic and social activities. In addition, it increases the level of dependency. Paralyzed people have to depend on others, usually immediate family, since they have to be fed for or moved around.
This, therefore, means additional burden to family members. Secondly, care given to stroke victims is expensive. Equipment for supporting stroke victims are expensive and maybe unaffordable to some households. In an effort to cope up, the family subjects itself to financial constraints that may affect the overall wellbeing of the rest of the family.
We will write a custom Essay on Gene Discovery: Ischaemic Stroke and Genetic Variations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, inability to provide care may cause psychological trauma amongst family members. Thirdly, Stroke may cause death. Though this mostly occurs to the elderly population, it robs families of societal icons. Deceased people go through bereavement, which causes mental disturbance. The disease, therefore, is of public health concern as it lowers the quality of life to either the affected person, or immediate family.
References Mutation linked to 42% rise in stroke risk. (2012). Retrieved from https://www.nhs.uk/news/genetics-and-stem-cells/mutation-linked-to-42-rise-in-stroke-risk/
Tollefsbol, T. O. (2010). Handbook of epigenetics: The new molecular and medical genetics. London: Academic.
The Clifford And James Philosophies On Beliefs Analytical Essay college application essay help
Introduction The Clifford and James philosophies on beliefs have various elements attached to their assertions. The most notable aspect of the ideology is the fact that beliefs exist when there is evidence. The theory emphasizes on the need for justification to support every belief. Numerous words have been used to describe the assertions. The most notable aspect is evidentialism. According to Clifford, a belief that is without evidence is immoral. In addition, Clifford indicated that when a belief lacks evidence it becomes irrational.
Clifford’s and William’s Arguments There are different arguments that dispute and contradict Clifford’s theory. William James contends that a belief should not be based on evidence alone. James has acknowledged the criticism leveled against Clifford. However, the theories from the two individuals are closely related.
For James, the aspect of believing in truth is a fact of his theory. In assessing the theory of Clifford, it is clear that Clifford has his theory based on the fear of error. I strongly believe that the theory, which is based on having sufficient evidence to support a belief, is not practical.
Thus, there are situations in which the belief does not require evidence. The Clifford theory seems to have generalized the belief. According to Clifford, beliefs dictate the individual’s behaviors in day-to-day activities. The beliefs of individuals are intertwined with the individual’s actions. From this notion, it is obvious that human beings may not do things depending on their beliefs. In some circumstances, room for doubt dictates that individuals should choose their actions depending on their doubts.
In situations whereby the belief conflicts with a doubt, doubt takes precedence over belief. According to Clifford, a single belief is linked to numerous beliefs. I think that the notion is overstretched and cannot be confirmed. In this case, significance of evidence in supporting a belief is required every time.
There are beliefs that have stood independently. The theory that a belief can be attached to those people who follow it is untrue. People can be living together or socially interacting but have different beliefs. The belief of a person may not affect the character of other people. I maintain that the argument asserting that a belief is held by a person in trust for the public is highly questionable because the public does not have beliefs. There are numerous misconceptions about beliefs as stated by Clifford.
On the other hand, in his literature to support the will to believe, William James noted that living is an option whereby one chooses, and the belief is guided by the option that one takes. He also maintained that there are situations that do not require choice, and a person is forced to make the choices.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I agree with William James’ concept regarding belief. However, there are claims that the person in question has extraordinary positive way of handling life rather than being forced to make decisions. The components he uses to support his ideology can be put together to come up with a clear position.
Conclusion The notion on the belief by Clifford and James is not based on true evidence. There are types of beliefs that do not require any evidence. The notion that beliefs are interlinked is also not true because there are beliefs that stand independently. Therefore, there is a need to have common beliefs to avoid confusion. Therefore a room should be created to amend beliefs in order to match the prevailing conditions.
The Political Economy of Housing, and Community Development Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Housing and Community Development
Introduction The concepts of housing and community development deal with the various processes and activities affecting the development of land (Adorno 2005, 41). Shelter is a physiological human need, making the issue of housing a matter of concern to many fields in the society today.
Such fields, which are concerned with the issues of housing and shelter, include, among others, politics and the economy. Community development is related to housing. It involves efforts to improve the various aspects of the environment within which communities exist. It aims at helping members of the community by offering them skills needed to change their localities. Such skills are achieved as a result of the people’s desire to improve their living conditions.
In this paper, I am going to explore various aspects of the housing industry in the United States of America. In addition, I will address the contribution made by the United States of America government to the Federal Housing Administration. The latter is charged with the responsibility of financing single- families wishing to own homes in various parts of the country. I will analyze how this initiative has helped in promoting social equality in the United States of America (Burawoy 2009, 4).
Moreover, I addressed the issue of housing policies and their effects on the lives of people in the United States of America in the paper. Other issues I focused on include the role of housing in community development the role played by housing agencies in a capitalist economy. I fully understand that ours is a capitalist economy, and that is one of the reasons why I sought to analyze how the two concepts of housing and community development interact with the economy.
Housing and Community Development As I explained earlier, the two concepts refer to the various processes that influence land development. The processes are characterized by the activities of members of the society as they strive to improve their living conditions (Creswell 2009, 64).
I believe that housing and community development initiatives should enhance the quality of sustainable shelters in the society. In addition, such initiatives should enhance equality in the society. The success of the initiatives is determined by how well they achieve the outlined objectives. The housing and community development trend has gained momentum over the years, especially in urban settings.
I regard David Harvey as one of the most popular social theorists in the world. He has made attempts to explore political and economic factors surrounding the issue of housing. One of his greatest contributions to this end is in the field of urban political economy. While addressing the issue of urban political economy, David Harvey is particularly vocal on the issue of neoliberalism (Fernand 1995, 93).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He views a neoliberalized political economy as an oppressive capitalist system that benefits a few individuals at the expense of the majority. The oppression brings about the issue of inequality, which is associated with the emergence of socio-economic classes in the society. I agree with Harvey given that these concepts have a bearing on housing in the society. For example, individuals within the same socio-economic class are likely to seek housing within the same neighborhood as a result of homogenous financial status.
The Federal Housing Administration is the body charged with the responsibility of providing safe, small, self-contained, and low-cost housing facilities to Americans in suburban settings (Althusser
Business Memo of the Credit Scores Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Importance of Credit Scores
Measures for Raising the Credit Scores
Introduction Most banks have very explicit credit score policies. Presently, most employees including interns, struggle with high financial debts. This situation affects their likelihood of acquiring employment within most institutions (Mays 11). There is a clear indication that certain category of employees that lacks adequate knowledge about the concept of credit scores.
Employees within the human resources department have critical responsibilities. Some of these include creating a comprehensive awareness on issues about credit scores. This business memo targets the student interns within a local bank. The memo contains general information about the credit scores. Apart from this, it also explains the importance of credit scores. Lastly, it outlines the various measures required to increase the points for the credit scores.
Credit Scores A special number is normally attached to an individual’s credit score. The number is generated from an algorithm system. The data obtained from a person’s credit report is very critical. It is applicable in the mathematical computation of the credit score. There are several considerations in the development and setting of the credit score.
For instance, it has an important ability to predict risks. The risk approximation period usually extends to about two years (Weston 20). The system is designed to help in the prediction of an individual’s likelihood to become severely delinquent. Principally, the system is applied in the scrutiny of a person’s credit obligations within a specified time interval. Several models are applicable in the credit-scoring process. However, competitive models such as the “FICO credit score” model are widely applicable.
The system dominates the domestic and global environments. The US is one of the leading nations in which the FICO scoring model is in current use. All employees must be aware of the modes of operation and impacts of the credit score (Fair Isaac Corporation 2012). Most organizations have different policies and operational frameworks regarding the credit score.
According to the “FICO scores,” there are various ranges provided in the system. The ranges vary from three-hundred to 850. Therefore, it is upon the individuals to be aware of the most suitable credit score. Nonetheless, most systems indicate that the higher numbers depict very low risks. Most individuals have three of the FICO scores.
These scores are provided by three different agencies. These include the “Equifax, Experian and TransUnion” (Mays 36). It is important to note that most individuals may only access the scores generated from “Equifax and TransUnion FICO.” This follows the exclusion of the third firm from the credit-scoring scheme by myFICO.com.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The exclusion of Experian occurred in 2009. The creditors apply this concept in the determination of an individual’s level of creditworthiness. On the other hand, there are different institutions and employment agencies that apply the credit scoring method within their recruitment processes (Fair Isaac Corporation 2012).
The system contains all relevant financial information concerning an individual. These might include an individual’s record of paying bills. In addition, the system portrays all the types of accounts managed by persons. Other valuable information available in the system includes the debts, age of the accounts, and the debt clearance system. All this critical information is found within the credit report.
The creditors apply empirical processes in the comparison of basic information. This concerns information pertinent to the credit history of an individual. Statistical programs are used in these initiatives.
The scoring system is critical in the prediction of the capacity of people to submit their debts (Weston 34). Different agencies use the credit system in achieving various goals. Some of these include the insurance companies. The information is applicable in the determination of the possibility of providing certain insurance cover. The pie chart below indicates some elements in the credit score:
The Importance of Credit Scores The credit scores have great significance to individuals and institutions. However, these vary within different environments. Specifically, in the US all persons must have the credit score. However, this is only applicable to persons of a particular age. There is a special security number assigned to all persons under this age category (Weston 61).
This number is connected with an individual’s history of credit. The number is very crucial. For example, the relevant agencies seek the security number in the process of assessing the person’s credit worthiness. The name of the person is also important in the process. All these are significant during the identification of the various credit scores.
We will write a custom Essay on Business Memo of the Credit Scores specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most banks use the credit scores in defaulter tracing processes. These initiatives occur within the loan departments. They are also important in security systems. Specifically, these relate to the major economic crimes. It is also a process of monitoring and evaluating the historical financial undertakings of individuals.
The process helps recruitment operations of the company. The credit scores may also be applicable in the validation of a person’s level of integrity. It is also applicable in assessing the financial responsibility of different personalities. The credit score provides crucial information whether certain individuals deserve credit cards (Weston 76). Presently, most employers inquire about the credit score of all their prospective employees.
The trend is observable within jobs that involve handling large sums of money. These might include banks and other institutions dealing in finances. In such cases, the hiring certain employees usually depends on the level of their credit score. Those with high credit scores are more likely to access employment (Mays 91). Property owners have also applied the credit score system to assess the credit worthiness of their potential tenants. This process gauges the competency of various prospective tenants in meeting the monthly costs such as rent.
Measures for Raising the Credit Scores There are diverse strategies for increasing the credit scores. Foremost, it is advisable for individuals to settle down their bills promptly because the delinquent payments may cause a detrimental effect on the average score (Weston 88). The process leads to a consequent rise in the level of credit score.
The balance in the credit cards must also be kept at very low levels. Generally, a high level of debt balances may have negative impacts on the credit score. Individuals must also restrain from opening many unnecessary credit cards. Additionally, there is need for responsible management of all the credit cards. Most people operate without credit cards. This is dangerous for the effective operation of the credit score.
However, an adequate financial management system is necessary (Weston 94). This explains why individuals require proper fiscal training. It is upon the employers to launch effective capacity building initiatives based on the credit system. In general, personal financial responsibility is a key factor. It helps in the development of an efficient credit score.
Works Cited Fair Isaac Corporation. Credit scores. 2012. Web. Web.
Mays, Elizabeth. Handbook of Credit Scoring. S.l: Publishers Group UK, 2005. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Business Memo of the Credit Scores by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Weston, Liz P. Your Credit Score: How to Improve the 3-Digit Number That Shapes Your Financial Future. Upper Saddle River, N.J: FT Press, 2012. Print.
The Egyptian Revolution Research Paper essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Before the Revolution
After the Revolution
Introduction For 30 years, Egypt enjoyed a despicable stability under Hosni Mubarak until February 11, 2011 who, after eighteen days of mass street protests, was forced to step down unconditionally. The revolution that began on January 25th until 11th of February the same year unearthed the political and economic disparity that existed and ensured the continuity of his rule (Abu Hatab 14).
Seemingly, the revolution was a success as far as removing Mubarak from power is concerned. However, few literatures exist on the issues that led to the revolution in the first place. The research paper highlights the economic reasons such as unemployment that led to the fall of the Mubarak regime. Further, it reveals the future challenges that the current authority faces in establishing trust by the people in matters of economy.
Before the Revolution After Anwar Sadat’s assassination, Hosni Mubarak came into power in Egypt with everyone in the country expressing optimism and trust in the new administration. In the first years of his rule, Mubarak expressed tolerance, but this was short-lived, as it culminated to an authoritarian rule. Civil rights were restricted, political rights were thrown out of the window, and there was a unilateral amendment of the party law with the repression of any vocal political opponents.
There were reports that the elections in 1990 and 1995 (Abdelhamid, and el-Baradei 37), as well as those in 2000 were altered to allow the National Democratic Party (NDP), the ruling party at the time, a simple majority in parliament. The party laws only favoured a candidate in the ruling party from running for the presidency. A state of emergency had been in existence since 1981. It prohibited strikes, mass unions, and riots in the name of national security.
Despite these restrictive regulations, Egypt experienced considerable riots and strikes in the years 2004. This was a manifest of the growing social discontent in the country (Beinin 56). The series of labour strikes continued after this period. They had a mass effect on the government, as they seemed more effective in driving a point than the calls by the opposition leaders.
The financial crisis that occurred led to mass labour unrests in the year 2010 particularly in the private sector, which had been profoundly affected. In these protests, a large number of people came out to demand their rights. This surpassed those who had assembled in the previous political protests. This signifies that the problems they had were not political but socio-economic.
When the first regime came to power after independence, it formulated strategies such as agricultural projects to improve yields and infrastructural development, as well as economic sustainability (O’Brien 14). However, successive regimes have lived short of the public expectations with revolts marking the history of the nation since independence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Professor Kandeel, an economist and development advisor at Georgetown University, states that there was a financial and economic mismanagement of the country by the government with accumulation of the public debts and a struggling economy (1). The international community was lenient on the country with the IMF forgiving the debt owed the government in the late 1990s with the American government doing the same.
After the intervention, Egypt’s economy grew steadily between 1990 and 2009 at an average rate of 4.5% annually. Despite this growth, Kandeel claims that the beneficiaries were the wealthy people and those in power with development being unbalanced and marginal (1). He states that, before the 1990s, the nation was marked by poverty especially in the 83 million residents, and that poverty doubled since 1982.
In 2009, for example, the poverty level stood at 18 million people, which was a fifth of the population, below the poverty line with the middle class also having to struggle because of unemployment. On the other end of the line were the rich regime leaders, their associates, and rich businesspersons who constituted only a small fraction of the population, but with the most say in the government of the day (Kandeel 5).
The social problems did not develop only in the period of Mubarak’s reign, but were also evident in times of Anwar Al-Sadat and the first leader Gamel Abdel Nasser. These parties have a substantial share of blame behind the poor performance of the world’s economy and the rising standards of living. In the period of 1990 and 2009, the rate of unemployment was about 11% throughout the country. This was much higher than the reported. In the late 2010, it stood at 2.3 million people (Kandeel 6).
The returning expatriates from other Arab states, such as Tunisia, experiencing political upheavals also aggravated the riots. Kandeel goes ahead to emphasize that, since these people returning mainly from Libya could not make a living, and there was no economic activity immediately available to them, the unemployment rate was set to raise causing further upheavals in the already polarised nation (7).
In his report, Shmuel, the director of studies at the institute for policy and strategy in Herzliya, Israel, claims that deep economic unease accompanied by social discomfort led to the revolts that spread across the Arabic world including Egypt (1). He goes ahead to explain that the leadership was ailing with the withdrawal of the traditional support that the west has always provided following previous revolutions (Shmuel 8).
In the last decade, leading up to the revolution, the purchasing power of the ordinary Egyptians had been declining. The consumer peak index (CPI) rocketed and peaked in late 2008 hitting 23.6% in August of that year. The driving force included the high food prices observed (Jones et al 12). The wages and salaries of the workers however remained constant with some in the private and public sector declining and retrenchment taking place.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Egyptian Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The rising cost of living meant that the Egyptians were not able to afford the rising cost of food. The inflation led to volatile environments with people expressing discontent at the management of the crisis by the government. The middle class slipped into low class status with those in the least class having to deal with the worst economic times of their time.
It is reported that the prevalence of absolute poverty was at 23.4% in 2008/2009 period, which was an increase from the 16.7% incidence observed in 2001/2001 (World Bank 54). This is a reversal of the gain made in the late 1990s.
The government tried to reduce the burden on the people by continually financing the food subsidy system in place already despite its being expensive. By raising the salaries of civil servants, the measures were not enough to roll back the negative effects. They served to worsen further the inflation rather than improving the purchasing power. The revolt therefore was continually gaining momentum. It only needed an incident to trigger it. This opportunity was provided in the form of the popular Arab revolt.
After the Revolution After the president stepped down, the military (the supreme council of the armed forces) took control of the government and provided transitional rule to this Arab state with Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi taking charge. Tantawi was the defence minister whose role was to rule the country until parliamentary elections were held with the election of Egypt’s newest president.
The aims of the military council to facilitate parliamentary elections did not mention any economic reforms. It mainly consisted of people appointed by the former president. This raises the question of commitment on the part of this authority in the betterment of the living standards of the ordinary people in terms of securing employment.
The indication that the constitution was to be amended with little, if any, public or political involvement is one such factor of credibility for this authority. This is true considering that there was little room for women in the constitutional reform and the rush in which the referendum followed the proposed change thus giving little time for a consultation and public debate.
The council seemed to ignore the public, as it did not honor the protesters’ demands for the release of political prisoners or the end of the long lasting emergency law. Other issues not addressed included the lack of investigations into the murder of protesters and the amnesty demanded.
Despite the change in regime labor unrest continued with the council approving a law on the 24th of March that banned any unrest besides punishing anyone participating in them. This dimmed the gains that had seemingly been made by the revolution. There was also a growing concern on how the money allocated for transition would be used (Cassarino, and Tocci 3).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Egyptian Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In June 2012, a candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohammed Morsi won the presidential elections beginning the struggle for power with the ruling military council. Both exhibited a power struggle with the parliament coming in the way. In August the same year, the defence minister who briefly acted as the president was forced into retirement.
This was a positive indicator for the people. The president also chose to visit China first to cement the trade collaboration to the surprise of the West. The Obama administration had previously counselled a debt of one billion dollars owed by the republic of Egypt. The cost of living is still high with an employment rate remaining high. However, people are trying to adjust in the new leadership.
Conclusion In conclusion, the history of the popular Egypt revolt is critical to master in understanding the future for this country. Dissatisfied with existing political, social, and economic injustices in the country, and following the popular Arabic revolt, the Egyptians took to the streets demanding their rights. They inspired to make political and social changes. Their drive included the raised cost of living, the continuing political intolerance, and the feeling of betrayal by the high social class that had governed them for 30 years.
Change was achieved, but this seemed like a mirage since the resulting authority did not seem to make any favourable change. Oppression continued under this new rule with most of the promises made going unfulfilled. After the elections, the Muslim Brotherhood winner, Morsi, is yet to be tested. The economy is yet to recover with signs of rough times ahead.
Works Cited Abdelhamid, Daisy, and Laila el-Baradei. “Reforming the Pay System for Government Employees in Egypt.” ERF Working Paper 151.149(2009): 1-41. Print.
Abdulbaki, Lisbon. “Democracy and the re- consolidation of authoritarian rule in Egypt.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 1.3(2008): 445-463. Print.
Abu Hatab, Assem “Egypt within the Framework of the Global Financial Crisis: Impact, Response and Way Forward.” IJMES 2.1(2009): 8-25. Print.
Beinin, Joel. Neo-liberal Structural Adjustment, Political Demobilization, and Neoauthoritarianism in Egypt, The Arab State and Neo-Liberal Globalization, The Restructuring of State Power in the Middle East. Ithaca: Ithaca Press, 2009. Print.
Cassarino, John, and Nicole Tocci. Rethinking the EU’s Mediterranean Policies Post-1/11, IAI Working Papers, 1106, 2011. Web.
Jones, Nemron et al. Impact of the Economic Crisis and Food and Fuel Price Volatility on Children and Women in the MENA Region. Working Paper No. 310, ODI and UNICEF, 2009. Web.
Kandeel, Amal. “Egypt at a Crossroads.” Middle East Policy 18.2(2011): 5-7. Print.
O’Brien, Perez. “An Economic Appraisal of the Egyptian Revolution.” The Journal of Development Studies 1.1(2002):14-46. Print.
Shmuel, Bar. “America’s Fading Middle East Influence.” Policy Review 1.1(2011): 23-56. Print.
World Bank. Arab Republic of Egypt Poverty Assessment Update, 2009. Web.
Cornell note taking system Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
The Cornell note taking system is a model of taking notes that was developed at the Cornell University by Walter Pauk. Pauk was an education professor at the university.
This model of taking notes was developed in the year 1954. The model was meant to aid students in the University by simplifying the study process. Pauk published this model of study in his famous book titled, “How to Study in College”. The Cornell note taking model of study seeks to ease studying by setting specifications to guide students in taking notes while studying (Sylvia, 27).
How the Cornell note taking system works This model of learning gives a systematized way in which students can summarize and organize notes. An explanation is given on how the paper used in note taking by students ought to be structured to get maximum utility from study sessions. This is a major distinguishing factor between this model of study and other models. According to this model, the study or note taking paper can be structured as indicated below.
Source: “The Cornell System for Note-Taking”, p. 1
The three parts labeled in the diagram above are critical while studying. The note taking area is used in recording lectures. This has to be done using telegraphic sentences. After a class or learning session, students should formulate questions basing on the notes recorded in the note taking column.
Questions are important because they aid in making clarification to students concerning the meaning and relations of meanings in the notes. Questions also aid in broadening and strengthening memory of students. During the study for exams, these questions simplify revision work. The cue column is critical in recitation of the notes. During recitation, students are required to cover the note taking area fully. Students are required to recite the answers to the questions by looking at the questions in the question column.
This has to be said loudly depending on the level of understanding of the student. This leads to the reflection of the learning material, which is another important step in learning. This is achieved through a re-look at the facts that are raised through answers to the questions found in the study text (Sylvia, 27).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Questions asked during reflection include those on the relevance of the facts in the notes, principles informing the facts, the applicability of the facts, and their relationship with what the learner already knows. The question about what goes beyond the facts is of great relevance in reflection because they are brought out during learning.
Students are also required to keep reviewing previous notes. This has to be done for at least ten minutes each week. This keeps the facts in the notes fresh in the mind of students. The summary section is used at the end of the learning session. The notes on each page are summed in this section (Sylvia, 27).
This model of learning has been found to be very effective in different learning sessions. It is best suited in learning session that deal with broad theoretical concepts with numerous notes and information. Thus, it best suits my economics classes. The system is very effective because it focuses on the critical steps in learning like recording, recitation, reflection, and reviewing. However, the system is very comprehensive and can hardly be followed by students. It is quite tiring for anybody who chooses to follow it fully.
Works Cited Sylvia, Behrmann. Practical Study Methods. New York: Gardners Books, 2007. Print.
The Cornell System for Note-Taking. 2010. Web. Web.
Duty to Accommodate Expository Essay custom essay help
Introduction The Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission created a code designed to protect employees from discrimination at the workplace. According to this legislation, employers have a duty to accommodate, where accommodation refers to reassignment of a worker or modification of his or her duties. The duty to accommodate as well as the return to work policy affects all categories of employees defined as protected; these include persons with disabilities, people with divergent religions, ancestry and family obligations.
Details of the legislative requirements The Saskatchewan Labour Standards Act, section 44 states that employers have a duty to accommodate workers in order to eliminate discrimination unless undue financial, safety, health and hardship costs will stem from the accommodation (Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission, 2012).
In order to show that a company has followed these regulations, it needs to document the process of considering the accommodation request as well as the actions taken. In this legislation, accommodation should not revolve around employee preferences; instead, it should be done in order to eliminate unreasonable barriers at work.
When considering accommodation, an employer needs to keep in mind certain triggers that could necessitate it. If an employee experiences something that changes his or her ability to carry out his duties, then the duty applies.
For instance, the person may be a new mother or may have changed religions and these alterations may affect the person’s ability to work conventionally. Alternatively, a company may introduce new workplace policies that affect the person’s ability to get work done at certain times.
The Saskatchewan Code requires managers to accommodate if the return to work policy has led to discrimination against employees from any of the prohibited groups. In other scenarios, it could be that the individual has developed a medical condition that requires changes in the way the person works. Management should consider such possibilities prior to accommodation.
Employers may also consider performance issues before accommodating. This means that they do not have to wait for requests from employees to do the same. For instance, they may get feedback from other workers that a colleague is having difficulties with work. If an employee’s performance levels drop or the person behaves erratically, then an employer has the obligation to accommodate him or her.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Managers ought to approach such individuals about the need for accommodation. If the person refuses to pursue the matter, then a business person must document all the steps he or she took into order to abide by the Saskatchewan Labour Act. Therefore, management has the responsibility for identifying barriers and looking for options to eliminate them. Additionally, management should respect the right to privacy or confidentiality.
It is not necessary for management to know all about all the details of an employee’s medical problem. All that counts is information about how one’s health condition will affect work. Furthermore, information such as employees’ family situations should not be disclosed.
In essence, an accommodation request may not necessarily be written down, but it can be communicated to management clearly. Additionally, managers must familiarise themselves with the needs of employees if accommodation is necessary. Thereafter, management should organise resources and plan for ways in which accommodation can be facilitated.
During this process, management will need to buy adaptive equipment or make other adjustments. It is imperative to have a plan if the accommodation will be long term. In such a scenario, parties involved should communicate frequently. Further, management should stay updated on the health status of the employee involved.
Employees must play their part in this arrangement. They are expected to formally request for accommodation when something happens to affect their work, or if they become a member of one of the protected groups. They are also expected to work hand in hand with their employers and realise that they may not always get what they demand.
Cooperation may be in development of a work plan or in proposing possible solutions for accommodation. Additionally, workers’ unions are obligated to cooperate with employers in the process of accommodation.
Employers are must make all the arrangements necessary in order to facilitate a return to work plan. If a worker is to be reasonably accommodated prior to his or her return to work, then an employer can offer him the same job with certain modifications, such as the schedule or duties involved. Alternatively, return to work can come about by offering an employee a different job. Finally, this policy can occur by giving the worker a different job in a modified form (Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada, 2011).
We will write a custom Essay on Duty to Accommodate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This legislation has its limits regardless of all the things a manager can do. Employees who have been continuously absent from work, and are unlikely to return are not covered in the Code. In this regard, an employer should apply a reasonableness test. The legislation does not apply when management must experience undue hardship in order to accommodate.
If accommodation will result in considerable financial costs, then an employer may forfeit this duty. Additionally, if appreciable interruptions to business will occur, then the duty becomes non obligatory. Furthermore, an employer should not accommodate one worker at the expense of infringing on other employees’ rights.
If the accommodation will undermine the safety of the concerned worker or others, then it should not be implemented. In the event that an employee claims discrimination due to the failure to accommodate, companies can be exempted if they use the bona fide occupational requirement argument. Certain professions require employees to possess particular health conditions before they can be fit enough to engage in it.
For instance, drivers with a poor vision cannot perform well. Therefore, if an employer can prove that the employee lacked the bona fide occupational requirement, then the court will excuse him or her from discrimination. For this defence to apply, a manager must show that the standard (rule) was related to the concerned function, that it was done in good faith, and that lack of the standard would cause undue hardship (MacDonald, 2009).
Impact of the legislation on accommodation and on return to work
Since the Code recognises ill or injured employees as one of the categories that are entitled to these modifications, employers have had to do as much as they can to accommodate workers. They have given employees leave of absence when illnesses or accidents occur, regardless of where the accidents took place.
Additionally, when an employee recovers from an illness, an employer must leave room for a gradual return. This has changed the way things get done at the workplace because now companies must take time to allow a transition back to work. They must also dedicate resources for this process.
If an employee has not fully recovered, his manager ought to change work shifts or rearrange job duties for the same to occur. Therefore, this legislation has affected the workplace by encouraging greater flexibility during company time. In certain scenarios, a person may have a permanent physical disability because of their illness. Therefore, a place of work needs to change work conditions so as to integrate injured workers. These requirements have altered what managers need to do in order to stay ahead.
Pregnant workers or individuals with family obligations are also entitled to some alterations in work. Employers have brought together work bundles that are in line with the employee’s needs. Sometimes, it may be necessary to transfer the employee to a new position or alter conditions of work. For example, a pregnant worker should not do a lot of manual work or heavy lifting; an employer may have to give her a seat even when similar workers do their job while standing.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Duty to Accommodate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, management needs to lighten their duties at this time. When delivery time approaches they should get maternal leave; fathers should also get paternal leave. If someone has children, he or she must be granted days off to meet those obligations. A child could be graduating, sick or changing schools.
Persons with divergent religious backgrounds are also included in the legislation. Companies can give allowances for special festivities or rituals. For instance, a devout Muslim may need time off from work to do his daily prayers. Alternatively, the person could have a religious holiday that he needs to celebrate.
Employers ought to make these considerations before making deadlines or assigning work. Numerous possibilities exist for alternation of work policies, duties, and arrangements. Managers ought to make these decisions in order to ensure that all employees are fully accommodated.
When people with a genuine need for accommodation are denied this opportunity, then a unionised worker has the right to file a grievance to the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission through a collective agreement. Employees without unions may still file grievance through the Saskatchewan Labour Standards Act.
This means that organisations can face huge financial losses if fines are imposed. Alternatively, their company image would be tarnished and this could ruin business. If companies want no business interruptions, then they should meet these obligations.
Accommodation and return to work as related to an organisation’s Integrated Disability Management Program
The Saskatchewan Labour Standard Act on the duty accommodate places upon managers a responsibility to have an effective disability management program in which they offer supportive workplace policies. They should also encourage the worker, his or her union, and healthcare professionals to cooperate with management.
A conducive disability management program should consist of an element of evaluation. Managers must be educated about their duties and responsibilities in the disability management program (Brooker et al., 2000).
The first step in the creation of an integrated disability management program that complies with the return to work law is development of an accommodation and return to work policy. Employers need to cover all the issues that affect an injured or protected worker in a return to work policy.
Some of the elements of the policy may include budgetary issues, salary replacement, transitional employment as well as accommodation. These policies will assist in getting commitment from top management as well as involvement from employees who need accommodation.
A proper disability management program needs to have an offer of modified work. Here, a company should reduce work hours, alter a worker’s original job, transfer the worker, or minimise work load if an employee is injured. Permanent job modifications are sometimes imperative for an employee to return to work fully.
This measure will reduce recurrent absenteeism from employees and will also minimise the need for high amounts of benefits. It should be noted that a company has the obligation to alter both physical and psychosocial factors in their disability management program. The latter refers to aspects such a workplace intensity or control at work while physical factors include seating positions or forceful movements.
Supervisors and management who are responsible for implementation of the system ought to be educated on the program. Training should involve telling managers and supervisors about the disability or condition. This will empower them to handle the condition or disability more effectively and assist in gaining empathy from them.
Lastly, the disability management program should have an evaluation phase. Here, the effectiveness of the program should be assessed on the basis of its outcomes. One parameter would be the number of workers who returned to work. Cases of workers whose conditions worsened or improved after returning to work should be noted. Even aspects such as severity of pain can also be measured.
Conclusion Companies must make reasonable adjustments for employees from protected groups, injured, or ill workers. This ensures that employees are not discriminated against and that companies do not place health risks on workers. Employers have the duty to accommodate by making psychosocial and physical changes to work.
This can be done by personal observation or by requests from employees. Workers and unions must also cooperate with employees in order to make it work. A supporting workplace environment ensures that employees stay employed or they can return to work and engage in productive work.
References Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada (2011). Rehabilitation and return to work. Web.
Brooker, A., Sinclair, S., Clarke, J., Pennick, V.
Effects of Technology Cause and Effect Essay best college essay help
At present, people do not even try to prove that technology has changed their lives significantly as this is obvious. It is possible to think of a variety of effects of technology. These effects can be divided into two major groups: positive and negative changes in people’s lives and in the life of the planet. It is possible to single out major positive and negative effects which can help define one major effect in the long run.
In the first place, it is possible to focus on positive effects of technology. Undoubtedly, technological advances have enabled people to improve people’s quality of life.
Now machines complete a lot of hard work and people can focus on other tasks (e.g. further development of technology, development of humanity). People have also managed to develop numerous tools to overcome diseases. Medical advances have contributed to the increase of people’s lifespan. Apart from this, development of technology led to various advances in the agricultural sector.
Now people can grow more food to feed more people. Availability of food also adds to the increase of people’s lifespan. Finally, development of technology has made the world shrink. Now people can ignore lots of boundaries. Thus, distances cannot be a problem now as people can interact irrespective of distances. Such availability of human resources contributes to cooperation, which, in its turn, leads to further development.
Nonetheless, all these benefits have quite a high price. One of the major negative effects of technology is the impact it has on the planet. The Industrial Revolution and further technological development have led to a variety of environmental issues. Now people face such problems as air and water pollution, shortage of resources (water, farming land, fossil fuels, etc.). Notably, people’s activity also contributes to global climate change.
All these environmental issues have impact on people’s health. It is necessary to note that lots of serious diseases appear and people have to work out more sophisticated tools to overcome these diseases. Furthermore, globalization, which can be regarded as one of the products of technological development, often leads to a rapid spread of viruses and pandemics can become frequent. Finally, people try to solve these problems with the help of technology, which leads to even more serious issues.
However, it is necessary to mention another effect technology has. Thus, people heavily rely on technology these days. People are alienated from the nature. Decades ago, people could create lots of things, but now machines do it, and people are becoming more and more helpless.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This trend can be traced in different spheres of people’s life (science, medicine, education and even everyday life). Contemporary children rarely use imagination as they have computers and TV. This can have a variety of negative effects in the long run. For instance, people can be absolutely hopeless in case of certain machines’ failure.
On balance, it is possible to state that technology has a number of positive and negative effects. On one hand, it improves people’s quality of life. On the other hand, it leads to numerous issues associated with a variety of hazards. However, it is possible to note that these effects are somewhat secondary compared to the existing trend. Now people start relying on machines, which can lead to different changes. For instance, people can lose any connection with nature, which will be disastrous for the future of humanity.
Current Directions in Life-Span Development Essay essay help: essay help
Modern psychology can offer different explanations of such a process as the life-span development of a person. This paper is aimed at discussing such approaches as behaviorism, psychoanalytic model, and cognitive theory. In particular, it is necessary to show how they describe the psychological development of an individual. Moreover, one of the tasks is to examine current applications of these theories. On the whole, these models are still important for understanding the current trends in developmental psychology.
The first approach that is going to be discussed is behaviorism that was advocated by John Watson, Burrhus Skinner, and other scholars. It is based on the premise that the development of a person is a response to external stimuli.
The supporters of this model do not distinguish specific stages of the life-span, because people are continuously influenced by external factors, and it is difficult to predict their impact. A certain type of conduct can be adopted provided that it is rewarded or when it yields good results; yet, the same type of conduct can be rejected when it results in negative consequences such as punishment.
This theory still attracts the attention of psychologists; for instance, in their article, Joseph Burke et al (2009) discuss social context as one of external stimuli that shapes the behavior of a person. In particular, they discuss legal, historical, and political structures that influence the beliefs and attitudes of an individual (Burke et al, 2009, p. 56).
These authors speak about people’s attitude toward their health (Burke et al, 2009, p. 56). It should be noted that many organizations adopt the principles of behaviorism in order to modify the behavior of employees. For instance, such as an organization as Management for All (2012) provides guidelines for motivating workers and promote their professional growth.
Their website explains how behaviorism can assist business administrators (Management for All, 2012, unpaged). Certainly, behavioral theory cannot explain every aspect of life-span development, but it can throw light on the formation of values and principles. Moreover, it is important for understanding for motivation of a person. This is why this model is still of great interest to psychologists.
The second model that should be discussed is psychoanalytic theory that still remains popular among many therapists. Unlike behaviorism, psychoanalysis does not attach much importance to the external factors; instead it focuses on the sexuality of an individual.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the supporters of psychoanalysis single out the distinct stages of the life-span, namely oral, anal and phallic or genital stage (Löffler-Stastka
Egypt’s Economic Structure Essay best college essay help
Abstract This memo explores the economic structure of Egypt and its composition. It also highlights the major economic sectors and their contribution to the Gross Domestic Product. Over and above, the memo gives figures of the macro-economic indicators in the recent years. Finally, the memo touches on the composition of Egypt’s imports and its trading volumes with the United States.
Egypt is a Muslim country found in the Horn of Africa. It is largely a semi-arid country though it is endowed with some very precious natural resources including oil and gold. Over the past few years, Egypt has been enjoying relatively stable economy with economic growth rate ranging between 4% and 5%.
Despite the recent political upheavals, Egypt’s economic structure remained relatively unshaken. Due to the strong manufacturing and service sector coupled with good government policies, Egypt’s economy is among the best performing in Africa and the Middle East. Egypt is a mixed economy with both the private and public sectors playing significant roles in the development of the economy.
Initially, agriculture constituted the largest sector in the economy of Egypt. Almost 90% of the country’s labor force was working in the agricultural sector until late 1960s.
However, in the 1970s the significance of agricultural sector in the economy of Egypt decreased drastically despite efforts that were directed at reviving the sector. In the year 2010 agricultural sector contributed a mere 13.1% to the Gross domestic product (GDP) compared to 87% in the 1960s (Sriramesh
Short Analysis of Chevely, or Man of Honor Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The paper is an analysis of the symbolism of Rosina Lytton’s work which shows the gender disparities that existed in the Victorian Era exploring the theme of women and specifically wives whose husbands are public figures, and the pain such women had to undergo.
The Analysis In the opening scene Mowbray beats his wife Julia. However, to conceal the acts of domestic violence her husband makes everyone believe that she has slipped on the floor and that it was an accident. Although the doctor has reservation about the accident, Julia concurs with her husband lies to the doctor about her cause of injury (Lytton 2). One of the symbols used in this book is a mask. At the beginning of the book, Julia has a mask which she wore.
The mask represents the fact that the reality can be concealed so that it will not be seen as it is supposed to be. There are instances where Julia pretended that her marriage was happy even though it was not the case. For instance, when she learnt that her husband was having relationship with other women she pretended that it was not true (Lytton 10). In addition, she masks herself when she has been mistreated and physically injured by concealing that everything happened was an accident though it was not.
Mowbray pretends that she loves Julia although it is not the case as his actions tell otherwise. He is aware that his marriage has problems but wants his way to stay with him and pretends that it is working so that he can gain political favors as a morally upright and family person (Lytton 18).
The author’s symbolic use of mask at the beginning is seen later where the other author shows instances of what the wife is expected to do. The book details how Julia is forced to pretend that everything is well in her family even when she is mistreated. When her husband has other mistresses she is insulted verbally and physically (Lytton 7).
The theme of this book is about women as well as how they were expected to play a secondary role to their husbands no matter their attitude towards their wives. They were expected to remain in their marriages with god-like patience even though it was hurting (Lytton 22). Men unlike women did not follow the same code of behavior and expectations by the society. Mowbray accuses her wife of ill temper as well as separation when his wife violently responds to him after finding him with a mistress (Lytton 27).
Men expect their wives to be patient and silent when they mistreat them yet they tell everyone when they feel that their wives have wronged them as Mowbray did to Julia. Julia goes to the extent of giving her husband money to fund his extravagant lifestyle thinking that it would make him love her more but it results into more problems (Lytton 30).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion The book has used irony as a key feature. The character presented in this book deserves an honor. The author has used the title as a symbolism to show that what people see may not always be real. She exposes the life of wives of public figures along with the pain they have to experience as well as betrayal they undergo in order for them to remain married. Rosina’s book serves as a good study of gender disparities that existed in the Victorian Era and provokes one’s mind to think whether there are places where such gender disparities exist.
Works Cited Lytton, Rosina. Chevely, or Man of Honor. London: Swan Sonnenschein Press, 1839. Print.
The Concept of String Theory Essay online essay help: online essay help
String theory is a concept developed by physicists trying to explain the fundamental nature of matter and space. The concept has various interpretations, but has the ability to explain the phenomenon of existence. Since the most fundamental particles do not exhibit the properties of matter that bigger objects have, some scientists consider them non-dimensional (Van Proeyen 12).
This means they do not have width, length or depth. General relativity holds that all matter and space exists in four dimensions. Depth, width, and length of all matter and space exist through time (Kane 46). This means that time is the fourth dimension.
Distortion of time results in distortion of the other three dimensions, which are the dimensions of space. This is quite different from Newtonian physics, which does not consider time a dimension.
However, practical science is based on Newtonian physics. Although the theories of relativity are not applicable in practical science to a satisfactory extent, they are accepted as the true explanations of the phenomenon of existence (Zwiebach 16). The effort to understand the seemingly dimensionless nature of fundamental particles and the four dimensional nature of matter and space in one theory has led to development of string theory.
According to string theory, there are other more fundamental dimensions contained in the four dimensions of physical existence that are normally experienced. The additional dimensions add to the four known dimensions to make eleven-dimensional world (Van Proeyen 41). Compression of these dimensions into the fabric of universal existence makes them undetectable by any physical means. However, several mathematical models have been used to prove their existence and the nature of their interaction.
The string theory explains the manner in which the one-dimensional basic particles interact to result into a four dimensional existence. Matter, space, and time are a yield of this interaction. Fundamental particles are made up of one-dimensional strings, which interact with unidirectional membranes to create a particle (Zwiebach 18). Gravitational force, a phenomenon that has not yet been understood by scientists is explained as a product of string interaction. Scientists have already developed a mathematical form for gravity.
The wave nature of matter is a part of the theory explaining how the fundamental particles exist. One certain kind of wave motion is responsible for all behaviors of matter and space. The string theory is the only theory that offers a single explanation to the nature of matter and space. However, since the theory proposes the existence of dimensions that cannot be physically assessed, it is not possible to test its integrity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other challenging theories have endured criticism to emerge as possible alternatives to the string theory since they can be tested, and have an observable fundamental constant. Advocates of the string theory believe that a universal constant exists within the string theory, but a mathematical proof has not been developed yet (Zwiebach 22). This constant and a testing mechanism for the string theory are the only remaining constituents that can establish the theory as a proven fact.
The nine-dimensional vibration of each string is unique and yields the properties of fundamental particles. The ends of a single cosmic string are joined such that an indefinite loop is formed. Forces of interaction attract the string towards the centre of the loop (Van Proeyen 45). This action is responsible for the appearance of fundamental particles as singular points with no dimensions at all.
The dimensions of the physical world are fixed in certain directions according to Newtonian physics. In string theory, dimensions are mathematical representations with no directional properties of the three spatial dimensions. Moreover, these dimensions are compressed into a manifold such that they are not testable by any physical means (Zwiebach 30). This is attributed to the infinitesimal distances that represent the particular dimensions.
Since mathematics is largely based on spatial dimensions, there is no method to test the presence of cosmic strings within the current mathematical scope. Several propositions assume that the invisible dimensions are responsible for the unexplained forces that are observed in nature.
Electromagnetic wave is assumed to be made up of a certain combinations of the dimensions. Gravity, a force whose presence is established by empirical evidence only, is also considered a product of the additional dimensions (Van Proeyen 15). This is why gravitational force and its characteristics such as inertia do not seem to emanate from any one physical location.
The string theory presents a single explanation for existence of all matter and space. Through the string theory, it is possible to understand the relation between space and time. The relative relationship that makes time similar to space can be understood through string theory. The small dimensions of the strings make it impossible to investigate the pattern in which they are woven together (Van Proeyen 7).
If a definite pattern in which the strings are woven is identified, it is possible to understand the construction of forces and the difference between various forces. However, the ability to understand the fundamental constituents of time and force can discredit all conventional physics, as it is understood today (Zwiebach 74). Such knowledge could also result in breakdown of phenomena such as the construction of time towards the future.
We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of String Theory specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Kane, G. L.. Perspectives on supersymmetry II. Singapore: World Scientific, 2010. Print.
Van Proeyen, Antoine. “A First Course in String Theory.” Intensive Theoretical Studies 5.3 (2008): 5-60. Print.
Zwiebach, Barton. A first course in string theory. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Print.
Comparison of Life at Home and Away Essay a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Life at home and life away
Introduction Staying at home with one’s family is an easier and more preferable choice to make than going anywhere, but people may not realise that living without family support may help them develop a stronger character. It is evident that the last option is tougher but better for one’s personal growth.
Life at home and life away Living far from home may be inconvenient and troubling owing to the numerous adjustments one should make. If a person lives in a facility, such as a hostel, that hosts a range of residents, he or she may have to share the kitchen or pool with several other people. Sometimes, it may not be possible to do exactly what a person wants because one must accommodate to the needs of many other individuals (Flynn 56).
On the other hand, if an individual lives at home, one may not have to make many adjustments because there are few individuals to consider. Furthermore, as people live with the same family members throughout their life, they adjust to their habits and particular way of life
When one lives away from home, one must become highly organised. This is necessary in order to manage one’s obligations. Relocating away from home requires one to create a new routine that will facilitate one’s transition. A person may have to sort out his or her things a day before a big event in order to avoid confusion at some particular moment. Conversely, an individual may not be highly organised at home and still get away with it. The person has the advantage of having family around; consequently, a mother or sister may help in organising something (Klinenberg 15).
Living away from home requires one to become diligent. A person living alone will need to perform all the house duties alone, cleaning, cooking, and shopping. As a result, there is no room for laziness. In contrast, a person living with family may not have as many household chores or personal responsibilities as the person who is living alone. This is because most of the duties are assigned to different family members. In fact, one can get away with laziness in the family setting because others will clean or cook on their behalf (Flynn 67).
Perhaps, one of the most attractive components of living away from home is that it teaches a person to become independent. An individual must take charge of his or her living expenses and income (Klinenberg 92). Furthermore, a person must plan for his or her healthcare services as well as his or her diet.
An individual living alone needs to take care of his social activities, and his life, because there is no one else to do it for him/her. On the other hand, if a person lives at home, one tends to rely on others for certain things. For instance, if the individual lives with his or her parents, then they may be responsible for the provision of all basic needs. Alternatively, if one lives with one’s spouse, then the partner may make the family budget on his or her behalf.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Living away from home may foster tolerance if the current location is far from home. Going to a different country or town may expose a person to the situations where he/she will deal with the people of various religions, morals, social values, political values, political opinions, and cultural backgrounds. This causes the individual to learn how to tolerate other people with different viewpoints. Sometimes, a roommate can challenge a person about a certain issue, and this may cause an individual to think about it in a different light. Living at home with one’s family may not expose one to diverse communities as a person interacts with the same people continuously (Flynn 81).
Staying at home with one’s family gives one a strong sense of identity and belonging. Family members give support when one faces difficulties, thus lessening his/her life challenges. It is difficult to feel lonely at home because a person can spend his time with the other family members. Conversely, it is difficult to cultivate a sense of identity when living away from home, especially when no strong workplace or school culture exists in the new location.
Feelings of isolation or loneliness can creep in, and this may cause emotional distress. When left unchecked, the situation can cause one to engage in unwanted activities. For instance, a person may become a television addict or start an unhealthy habit. Alternatively, one may become depressed.
If a person has a wife and children, then living away from home can sometimes provide one with a sense of freedom. This is especially true when the concerned children are young and troublesome. Some may perceive it as selfish, but living away from home can offer a much-needed break from the stresses of taking care of a family (Klinenberg 101). When a person lives at home with one’s family, one must always take into account the needs of other family members. This may minimise one’s options with regard to time and resources.
Conclusion The analysis above has shown that living away from home may help one become strong, organised, free, diligent, independent, inconvenienced and culturally tolerant. Staying with one’s family gives one a sense of belonging and constant support but limits one’s freedom.
It does not teach one to be independent or how to deal with cultural differences. Further, one may become lazy and ignorant how to live in harmony with other people who are not one’s family members. In essence, living away from home fosters maturity and thus is a better option.
Works Cited Flynn, Elizabeth. Coping with living alone. London: Catholic Truth Society, 2001. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparison of Life at Home and Away specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Klinenberg, Eric. Going solo: The extraordinary rise and surprising appeal of going alone. NY: The Penguin press, 2012. Print.
Across Time and Space: Solving the Mysteries of the Ancient Cultures Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Nowadays, in the era when the humankind has reached the bar people never thought they will ever be able to, it is hard to believe that thousands of years ago, there were different cultures and a completely different civilization, just as well-developed as ours, only in a different way. One of the most famous and the least explored, the Sumerian civilization is worth taking a closer look at.
The first issue to discuss, the Uruk vase is closely connected to worshipping of Inanna, the Sumerian Goddess. The impressions of animals and grain of the vase speak for themselves, making it clear that the vase was supposed to be used in the ceremonies worshipping fertility.
Cuneiform is the method of writing which was invented before people learned how to produce paper. Carving letters in clay tablets, people managed to keep certain information.
As for the Stele of Naram-Sin, the artifact tells the story of the king who was considered to be nearly divine. An obvious element of the ancient worship, the stele offered an innovation I writing art for the Sumerians, since it is written in a horizontal format instead of the old-time diagonal one.
Standing motionlessly in the calmness of The Square Temple, Votive Statues are supposed to represent the people who used to come of the temple to pray. The exact copies of the then men and women, these statues are a great study of the Sumerian traditions and even fashion.
A peculiar alternative for alphabet, hieroglyphs are specifics signs which are meant to define certain people, objects, notions or phenomena. They are used to write down information. For instance, Japanese and Chinese people use hieroglyphs instead of letters.
Considered to be the symbol of Egypt unification, the Palettes of King Narmer have the impression of the pharaoh with the crown of Upper Egypt on the one side and him wearing the crown of Lower Egypt on the reverse. The two impressions are supposed to symbolize that Egypt became an entity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The elements that most people associate with such cultures as the Egyptian one, mastabas are the burial place with rooms in it for the tombs of the diseased.
Another element of the Egyptian culture, serdab is the chamber in a mastaba.
An integral element of a serdab, a serdab sculpture, such as the statue of King Djoser, was supposed to be a kind of homage to the diseased person and to serve as a specific “reservoir” for the soul of the diseased. Placed in the serdab, it was supposed to be the necessary element of the Egyptian burial tradition.
The modern world knows Hatshepsut, the famous pharaoh of Egypt, only owing to the fragmentary sculptures. Most of them depict the pharaoh in her royal dresses and devoted to her royal routines. However, some of the statues portray her as Osiris.
Speaking about the Nanna Ziggurat, the Sumerian temple, one must mention that it was apparently built to honor Nanna, the Sumerian deity of the night and moonlight. Unlike Nanna Ziggurat, which was made of mud bricks, the Pyramid of Djoser was made of stone blocks; however, the two still look much alike, with their pyramidal structure and sharp angles.
Thus, it is clear that the Sumerian people, as well as the people of the Ancient Egypt, reached the peaks which the present-day world has never heard of. Though the has-been kings of the universe knew nothing about the technological discoveries of the present-day science, they still managed to create the culture which still remains a mystery and is filled with the most incredible legends. Taking a closer look at their artworks, one can reach the ancient culture and see the magnificence of the human race.
A Rose for Emily Essay best college essay help
One of the most appealing aspects of William Faulkner’s short story A Rose for Emily is that the readers’ exposure to the main character of Emily Grierson provides them with a better understanding of what accounts for the effects of socially oppressive circumstances onto the process of an individual becoming mentally insane.
This is because it was namely the fact that, ever since her early years Emily was indoctrinated to believe that she had no other option but to live up to the expectations of her traditionally minded relatives and neighbors, which caused her to murder Homer Barron in the end. Let us elaborate on this suggestion at length.
As it appears from the story, throughout the course of her young years, Emily did not exhibit even a single sign of being predisposed to act in a socially withdrawn manner. At that point of her life, she was nothing but a pretty girl who strived to attain happiness by marrying a man she could love. In fact, Emily’s father also wanted her to do this.
However, being the representative of a Southern aristocracy, he never ceased insisting that his daughter may only marry a ‘worthy’ man. In its turn, this prevented Emily from being able to find a husband, while her father was still alive. Nevertheless, being the product of an elitist upbringing, Emily was having a particularly hard time while coping with the fact that, after having turned thirty, she ceased being desired by men, as a potential fiancée.
This is exactly the reason why, after her father’s death, Emily choose in favor of leading a socially alienated lifestyle, while going as far as making a deliberate point in not even stepping out of her house. Apparently, such Emily’s decision reflected the fact that, because of her failure to get married, she never ceased experiencing an acute sensation of guilt for not being able to lead a life she prepared herself for.
Therefore, it is fully explainable why, after having met Homer, Emily decided to marry him, despite the fact that she did not truly love him and despite the fact that Homer was not taking much interest in marrying her either. Yet, it was only the matter of time before it would eventually dawn on Emily that her expectations, in this respect, were vain.
The realization of this fact proved little more than Emily could take. After all, just as it happened to be the case in all highly religious/traditional societies, single women that spend time with single men, without entering into a marital relationship with them, are being commonly regarded ‘unworthy’ and ‘morally wicked’.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This was exactly the reason why Emily decided to poison Homer – she simply could not let him go, as it would result in the remains of her elitist sense of self-worth being thoroughly destroyed. Such a strong was Emily’s desire to live up to the socially constructed and religion-based dogmas of public morality that, after having murdered Homer, she continued to sleep with his corpse for years. By doing it, she strived to reaffirm her worthiness as a potential wife.
Thus, the character of Emily Grierson can be well discussed as a victim of social circumstances, which triggered the process of her becoming ever more insane and which brought about Emily’s ultimate demise. Therefore, even though Emily did commit murder, the story of her life suggests that she cannot be held responsible for what she had done. Instead, the blame must be placed upon a moralistically oppressive society, in which Emily had the misfortune to be born to this world.
Paranoid Personality Disorder Research Paper writing essay help
Paranoid personality disorder is a way of interpreting other people’s actions as the ones, intentionally causing a threat to the person. This disorder is usually shown by mistrust and suspicion and may lead to people being misunderstood or misinterpreted. It becomes evident in early adulthood where negative thoughts, attitudes and feelings are rejected.
The people suffering from this disorder feel mistreated and exploited, thereby failing to interpret good comments and others’ behavior. As a result, they do not accept reality as it is and remain rigid in their way of thinking (Alper 28).
This condition is characterized by paranoia, mistrust and uncertainty. Fear harbors hidden motives and wrong intentions rendering the people with paranoid personality to be unable to work with the others. They end up socially withdrawn, detached and hostile. They tend to scan the environment for clues that can prove their prejudicial knowledge as valid. Their minds are preoccupied with looking for some sources of danger and fighting very hard to find any suggestive sign.
They hold many grudges and mistrust towards others. People with this disorder show lack of self-sufficiency. Others may develop poor self-image and an inability to incorporate right attitude. In addition, they have a poor sense of humor and are unable to adapt to participation quickly in a group activity. As a rule, they appear cold, rigid and litigious. People with this disorder have poor relationship with the others as they seem odd and eccentric.
According to Freeman, “People with paranoid personality disorder doubt being committed , loyal, trustworthy as they believe they may be deceived or used in a wrong way ” (32). Sometimes, they are quite reluctant to confide in the others or fear of revealing some personal information that might be used against them. In addition, they do not easily forgive and tend to harbour a grievance.
They are hypersensitive, poorly take criticism and innocently read the remarks. They wrongfully judge their spouses or lovers as being unfaithful. They do not fulfil their role, while trying to handle their desease, and always believe that they are right. In addition to being hostile, they are stubborn and argumentative.
Researchers still do not know the exact cause of the paranoid personality disorder. Some argue that it occurs due to biological and psychological factors. It is genetically common in families with psychotic disorders. However, the environment may also have a great influence on its cause.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus there are biological or psychological causes. They include schizophrenia and delusional disorder. It is more common in men than women. Paranoid personality disorder can be associated with negative childhood experiences and a pure replication of hostile domestic environment. Sometimes, parental influence and rage may foster child insecurity.
It is important to note that treatment of paranoid personality disorder is possible unless the patient fears the doctor or becomes suspicious. Early treatment is necessary since the disorder may become chronic. The common way of treating this disorder is by medication and therapy.
It is evident that mostly, this disorder is caused by disruption of family, and employment loss. Perhaps, comprehensive therapy may be applied to recovery and prevent further stigmatization. It is recommended to carry out some consumer education programs, family counseling and advocacy and vocational assistance (Alper 41).
Proper diagnosis should be done by a qualified psychiatrist or psychologist. The psychologist should be able to understand the extent of symptoms. Examples of symptoms are such as fear of being rejected, suspicion of others and a habit to distort events. These conditions must be keenly monitored not to interfere with normal interpersonal relationships.
Careful inspection of person’s normal life should be done. At this point, it is also important to be careful not to confuse the symptoms of paranoid personality disorder with schizophrenia or any manic depressive disorder. This will require a careful examination and evaluation of person’s mental health (Freeman 122).
Appropriate and individualized psycho-therapical program should be considered. This will help find the initial causes and the best treatment possible. The person is sometimes reluctant to seek therapy. This is because he/she does not trust any therapist so his/hewr way to recovery may take a lot of time.
Group therapy may be necessary for addressing some positive behavior. It also provides a person with an opportunity to interact in a constructive way. It allows a person to relate to likeminded peoplem, though this may develop more paranoid conditions. An individual gets rid of distrust and isolation by developing a sense of belonging and also a normal relationship with the others. This is when this program should be combined with self-help group. (Freeman 56).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Paranoid Personality Disorder specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Giving medications causes high level suspicion, and this in turn leads to withdrawal from therapy. Such an action is, therefore, not encouraged. Medication is preferred for treatment of specific conditions associated with this disorder. It is only administered in cases where symptoms impede normal functioning. Medications for severe anxiety or delusion should be used within the shortest possible period.
Psychotherapy is considered as the best method of treating paranoid personality disorder. People who have this disorder develop problems which require intense therapy. It is, therefore, necessary for a therapist-client relationship to be good enough to ensure great care and a given level confidence (Alper 58).
One way of managing the paranoid personality disorder is through self-care. This does not require any kind of treatment as social groups help in alleviating mistrust and suspicion in an individual. After examination, the doctor should begin to evaluate the medication to be prescribed and patien’s medical history, if any. Absence of any biological tests makes it necessary to use diagnostic approach as a way of evaluating any physical illness.
Patients may also seek for some health care professionals to check and diagnose any mental illness. Tools for assessing and evaluating the disorder are supposed to be designed by the psychologist. People suffering from paranoid personality disorder do not seek for any medical attention on their own.
This is because they cannot judge themselves as suffering from such a condition. Any treatment offered should focus on developing more skills for coping with every situation that may occur. This will further enhance developing more communication, interaction skills and feeling of self-esteem.
Trust is regarded as a tool for treating this disorder. Distrust of the others makes it difficult for people with paranoid personality disorder to be treated as it becomes almost impossible to implement treatment plans. The use of antidepressant or anti-psychotic drugs may be prescribed if condition goes extremely beyond a certain level (Freeman 102).
In conclusion, paranoid personality disorder affects individual’s way of life. It totally ruins the relationship with the others, even at the workplace. Affected individuals find it hard to adapt in any work situation. They usually fight or sue people whom they regard as their enemies.
This disorder can last for the entire life of a person, if not effectively addressed and treated. Some people suffering from paranoid personality disorder may marry and get employed while others may intensively be disabled by this condition. Their resistance to treatment is quite alarming as it worsens the outcome of any treatment strategy. Prevention of this disorder is impossible nowadays but treatment, if not well managed, may cause even more problems than no treatment at all.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Paranoid Personality Disorder by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Alper, Gerald. Paranoia of Everyday Life: Escaping the Enemy Within. New York: Prometheus Books, 2005. Print.
Freeman, Daniel. Overcoming Paranoid and Suspicious Thoughts: A Self-Help Guide Using Cognitive Behavioral Techniques . New York: Basic Books, 2008. Print.
The Role Of Women In Business From The Past Century To Today Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Abstract The report commences with an examination of women’s professional opportunities in the early twentieth century. At the time, most women could only access low-paying jobs in poorly-maintained industries. During the First and Second World War, women took up unconventional jobs in order to replace the male workers that had joined the military.
However, these women’s husbands displaced them when they came back from war. In subsequent years, this group fought for its rights through the women’s movement and other organisations. By the end of the twentieth century, several females started owning their own enterprises. Today, a number of company CEOs are female, and they do a good job.
Nonetheless, barriers that prevent women from reaching for leadership positions at work are causing most of them to become frustrated. It was recommended that the government should make legislations to even out the playing field. Women should undergo confidence building and be entitled to flexible hours of work. This would narrow the gap between men and women in the business world.
Introduction Women’s role in business has improved dramatically since the early twentieth century. Society’s attitude towards this group affected its level of achievement in the business arena. The paper will examine some historical developments in the female movement and how these relate to the role of women in business.
This study will assist in bringing out the challenges that women in business face as seen through a historical lens. By starting with the twentieth century, the study will illustrate some of the historical injustices faced by women and how societies can deal with that inequality.
Women in the early twentieth century and the First World War Females in the early twentieth century had minimal access to job opportunities. However, a few sectors provided women with work, such as art and literature. Female writers like Dorothy Richardson highlighted the challenges that women faced in their society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This era also recorded an increase in female artists who used their craft to portray powerful images of working women. Although society frowned upon the participation of women in work, a small proportion of them (20%) had jobs. Most women in the 1900s were factory employees who worked under squalor conditions for minimal pay.
The 1920s were the roaring twenties; this was a progressive era in which women defied the submissive stereotype of the late nineteenth century. They were daring in their social and professional lives. Some of them took up jobs in the public sector. Female clerical workers were widespread at the time; others participated in the field of journalism, law and mining. However, these opportunities were largely available to middle class Caucasian women; ethnic minorities and older women struggled to secure employment.
The number of women who participated in the labour force rose by 50% in this decade. Nonetheless, some sections of society felt threatened by this new breed of independent and hardworking women. Therefore, stakeholders in the film industry quelled men’s insecurities by portraying images of married women. Nonetheless, those images did not depict the true goings-on in society.
As professional roles began changing, women embraced opportunities in healthcare, education and other professions designed to cater to the needs of manufacturers. When the First World War started many men left for military service. This created a vacuum in the workplace that only women could fill. Many of them rose to the occasion; however, when the war ended, they had to step aside for their male counterparts. Those who stayed behind could only do low-paying jobs as men took all the lucrative opportunities (Hameed, 2008).
Women in the Second World War When the United States entered the Second World War, it required a lot of military supplies. Suppliers converted automobile factories into aircraft facilities. This demand for military supplies created a labour shortage that only women could reverse. The government wanted women to do this only temporarily, so they made a call to work.
Since few women responded to it, the government decided to launch a propaganda campaign in which it created a fictional character called Rosie the Riveter. The US government looked for a series of individuals who could fit the profile of a patriotic, attractive and efficient female. Advertisers displayed images of such women in various media channels, and the public responded positively to the portrayals (Ross, 1993).
In the beginning, most women took factory jobs, but there was still a need for more qualified workers. Employers began hiring women who had just completed high school; these efforts were still not sufficient to fill the labour gap. Companies needed to tap into a demographic group that they had forbade from working; married women.
We will write a custom Report on The Role Of Women In Business From The Past Century To Today specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They initially started with mothers who had older children. Most females took low-paying jobs in order to free up men for higher-paying jobs. Furthermore, few of them had access to powerful positions in their places of work. Women enjoyed the economic incentives associated with work and also appreciated the fulfilment they found in these new roles as employees.
However, they had to fight negative attitudes from men. It should be noted that although a large proportion of women entered the labour force, stakeholders still felt that their greatest strength was at home. Many perceived career women as unattractive prospects for marriage. Therefore, when the war ended, women got into low-paying jobs or went back home. Nonetheless, this era paved the way for participation of women in unconventional professions. Future generations of women would follow their path.
The Women’s Movement In the 1960s, female writers articulated the challenges of women in society. They asserted that domestic roles defined women, and this disempowered them. The writers urged their colleagues to find new roles and define their own identities through professional opportunities.
It was such sentiments that led to the birth of the women’s movement. Many participants drew inspiration from the civil rights movement of the 1970s. It should be noted that the birth control pill contributed to the prevalence of this movement, as well. The decade 1960 was an era of rebelliousness. Many middle class youth joined the women’s movement because of these sentiments.
During this decade, civil rights bills prompted female supporters to call for their own protective laws. In 1964, women secured their first antidiscrimination bill. A number of women formed the National Organisation for Women which fought for women’s rights and prompted other members to participate in the same. It was these developments that eventually spread to other parts of the western world such as the UK and Australia.
Women in business today Women have made enormous strides in the business world today. Some are CEOs of Fortune 500 companies while others own medium and small enterprises. Their participation in the workforce is indicative of the degree of advancement that women have undergone over the past century. Better educational opportunities, strong antidiscrimination legislation and positive attitudes towards the female gender have contributed to these advancements.
Women are now leading powerful institutions such as PepsiCo. The CEO of this institution is Indra Nooyi; she is the most powerful woman in the fortune 500 list. This leader started as a company manager and climbed the company ranks to become CEO. Indra became a chief financial officer seven years after she joined the institution and a CEO five years later (Kalyan, 2009).
Other women have started their businesses from scratch and grown them into international empires. A case in point was Archer Daniels Midland. The President of this organisation is Pat Woertz, and she is the fourth most powerful woman in the fortune 500 list. Andrea Jung, Brenda Barnes, Irene Rosenfeld, Meg Withman, and Anne Mulcahy lead or own Avon, Sara Lee, Kraft Foods, eBay, and Xerox respectively.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Role Of Women In Business From The Past Century To Today by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These women have worked hard to get to these positions, yet their achievements would have been unrealistic in the 1950s. The CEO of Yahoo Inc is also female, and is known as Marrissa Mayer. The born leader took up responsibility for running an ailing internet firm at the beginning of this year (2012). It is too early to judge whether her leadership has been extraordinary, but one can already see how committed she is to the firm.
She only took a two-week long maternity leave and resumed her duties immediately after the break. Another example of a strong female executive is Reg Leaver who is a leader at Australia.wana. She first purchased a newsagency in 1995 and then went on to form various news groups. Leaver has the title of 2010 Nextra Australia’s winner.
The above-mentioned women are not the only ones who have made a mark in the business world. Statistics indicate that women around the world own 10.4 million organisations. In some countries, women started approximately 40% of all companies. Furthermore, studies show that the number of businesses owned by this demographic group is increasing at an impressive rate.
Over the past decade, female-owned businesses have grown by 42.3%. Additionally, sales generated from these organisations have increased by 4.4%. Female entrepreneurs have entered various sectors such as retail, real estate and manufacturing. Although most of these participants belong to the service sector (68%), a substantial proportion of these business owners are trying real estate (7.7%) and retail (14.4%) (Kalyan, 2009).
Representation of female participants in business
Clearly, women have done well for themselves. It is necessary to understand why these figures have been improving with time. One obvious explanation is the level of educational attainment among members of the group. Studies indicate that the number of women with master’s degrees has increased by 40.7% over the past 32 years.
Additionally, the world now has 44.1% more first degree holders in this demographic group. Even the number of female doctoral degree holders has increased by 43% since 1980. These advancements in education have increased women’s chances of becoming business leaders.
Another reason behind such impressive growth rates in entrepreneurship is the diversification of business portfolios. 38% of all female employees belong to sales and office occupations. 36% of these women handle managerial and other professional positions. 18% of them engage in service occupations while 8% of female employees handle the production, transportation and movement of goods.
Participation in various sectors of the economy opens up opportunities for advancements and this increases one’s chances of owning one’s organisation.
Shown is a graphical representation of the diversification of business among women
Challenges faced by female workers Although the above advancements exist in the labour force, a disproportionate number of men dominate leadership positions in business. Experts assert that an invisible barrier, known as the glass ceiling, prevents women from becoming company leaders. It is imperative to understand some of the challenges that women in business face when reaching for these leadership positions (Mason, 2012).
A firm’s management style may impede women’s advancement in the business world. Men and women have divergent management styles; company stakeholders may misinterpret female managerial styles and accord men more latitude. People often condemn females who adopt a masculine style.
Additionally, recruitment behaviours tend to mirror prevailing demographic patterns in a company. If a firm is male-dominated, then it is more likely to hire people who represent this image. As a result, females lack opportunities to participate in such companies. Discrimination still exists in certain companies that overlook qualified women for men. Some occupations segregate women naturally.
Firms in these industries are male-dominated and will rarely offer women opportunities for advancement. Typical examples include engineering, shipping or construction. In order to climb the corporate ladder, one needs access to informal and formal networks. Female employees lack access to these networks and thus have limited advancement opportunities. Some employers perceive women as problematic because they have to attend to their families’ needs.
Because of this, employers may overlook mothers when promotion opportunities arise. All the above challenges have caused many women to consider entrepreneurship as the ultimate solution to the glass ceiling. Many women are leaving the workforce to start their own organisations. This shields them from the unfairness of the corporate arena (Miller, 2009).
Recommendations More women should consider entrepreneurship because this allows them to create their own rules; they can also succeed on the basis of their personal input. Currently, costs of starting businesses are quite low. Further, businesses allow women to create corporations that match their personal values (Bullock, 1994).
However, before more women can enter into the world of entrepreneurship, governments and other stakeholders need to do a number of things. They need to work on the concept of work-life balance through legislations and provision of relevant facilities. Women need to be enlightened about how to build their confidence as well as how to cope with new roles.
Flexible scheduling should be considered by potential female entrepreneurs. This will prevent them from perpetuating the same discrimination that caused them to leave the corporate arena. Stakeholders should start creating female business networks in order to foster growth and development.
Conclusion At the beginning of the twentieth century, society restricted women to low-paying jobs. Economic necessity prompted employers to hire females; however, the group never gained access to leadership positions. This has changed today because a number of women own their own enterprises. Such patterns stem from better education, legislation and business diversification. Covert discrimination places a barrier in career advancement thus compelling many women to consider entrepreneurship.
References Bullock, S. (1994). Women and work. London: Zed Books.
Hameed, Z. (2008). Gender differences in business roles. Web.
Kalyan, S. (2009). The changing role of women in the workplace. Web.
Mason, W. (2012). Women in business. Web.
Miller, B. (2009). Encouraging women into senior management positions. Web.
Ross, S. (1993). The rights of women. London: McMillan.
Concept Of “Four Idols” Essay writing essay help
Sir Frances Bacon identified and explained the reasons for different human behaviors. He applied the concept of “four idols” in his investigations (Mazlish 7). There are extensive debates on the significance of these four idols.
Accordingly, there exist several investigations concerning the practicality and effects of these four idols. Bacon observed that the human being fully emerges from the enslavement of their mind. Particularly, this enslavement relates to the intellectual idolatry. It is vital to note the disparities eminent from these four idols.
Ideally, diverse elements dictate the character and beliefs of human beings. Such elements emerge either from the external or internal influences in the environment. Sir Frances Bacon denotes that four idols have significant influences in these processes. This discussion in the paper analyses these four idols. In addition, it reviews the impacts of these disparities on the human nature and their beliefs.
The four idols pose critical threats to individuals. The “idols of the theater” provides a typical example (Solomon 16). Some people indicate the risk of various types of idols; some philosophers observe that the “idols of the theater” has the capacity to manipulate the thinking capacity of people.
Apart from this, they also hinder critical understanding which relies on a philosophical assumption under normal circumstances. Nonetheless, the process may also rely on a system of theology and custom. The particular idol has a remarkable influence on human dignity and individuality.
He may reduce the capacity to initiate and exercise critical thinking skills. Notably, most individuals influenced by the idol depict deviant behavioral tendencies. The effect might lead them to biased assumptions and judgments in their daily activities (Mazlish 16). Leaders and all managers within private and public institutions must consider the detrimental impact of the idols that minimize the potential of personalities to exercise transformative leadership skills.
It is necessary to examine the effects of specific idols on the operation of human mind. The logical processes involved in human understanding have significant influences on the level of integration as well as interrelation between individuals. Ideally, it enables different personalities to perceive and conceptualize issues within their external environments. This might also entail their immediate and remote surroundings.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it is imperative to take note of the particular idols that hinder logical thinking. Bacon also identifies the “idols of the marketplace” (Solomon 25), which idols cause hindrances to individual understanding. However, this deterrence relies on the different words and semantics applied within typical conversations.
Words form the basis of effective socialization and integration in the present society. Therefore, individuals require adequate precaution against the negative influence of these idols. Words are some of the critical tools used in the comprehension of particular concepts within most communities (Mazlish 34). They are also significant in the recognition of various facts; they also interfere with the thinking processes.
Individuals may imagine and name occurrences that are beyond existence. The imagination relies on certain words in these processes. All words have vital implications. Therefore, individuals must take precaution of the different words (Solomon 27) depending on their application within different social environments. The observation is crucial since words form the fundamental foundations for effective relationships and mutual understanding.
Idols may make individuals to commit fallacious assumptions and statements. Such instances are easily notable within the present society. These idols derive from the intrinsic nature of humans, the condition being very different from the confusion emanating from words.
Individuals always think of themselves as being right at all times. Justification becomes the centre of interest for most people within the society during such instances. Evidently, words also have diverse meanings. Individuals might apply different words to generate confusions within the society (Solomon 41). In such contexts, understanding becomes very difficult and complicated.
Misuse of words may cause chaos and conflicts amongst people. All individuals must keep the maximum level of caution. This helps to avoid such idols and increase the level of understanding within the community. The “idols of the tribe” refers to a category of idols that require minimal precaution (Solomon 56).
These idols also limit the competency for a personal understanding due to the human nature. Individuals prefer to force things to conform to their preferred outlook due to their nature. Personalities struggle to find illogical support during fallacious conclusions. This behavior emanates from the “idols of the tribe.”
We will write a custom Essay on Concept Of “Four Idols” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Idols are dangerous and might cause disquiet within the society. People are likely to make hurried decisions without adequate engagement of their mental capacity. This situation arises due to the influence of the idols (Mazlish 69). Individuals suffering from these idols are also prone to making generalized assumptions.
This generalization leads to unnecessary behaviors and beliefs. The process also leads to the emergence of conflicting interests within groups. The last category is the “idols of the cave.” They require very negligible attention portraying the different capacities and characters pertinent to every individual. Therefore, they are not detrimental to the general society. It is appropriate to have an adequate knowledge of these idols.
Works Cited Mazlish, Bruce. The Uncertain Sciences. London: Transaction Publishers, 2007. Print.
Solomon, Julie R. Francis Bacon and the Refiguring of Early Modern Thought: Essays to Commemorate the Advancement of Learning (1605-2005). Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005. Print.
E-Marketing For Small Businesses Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Marketing problems in general Marketing is gaining a new approach in the current society. Immediately after the Second World War, most companies had huge markets in the developing countries.
The level of competition was very low and firms only worried about production. Marketing was considered a unit in the production department. Most firms used an inside out approach as a technique of marketing. However, this has changed with the changing environmental factors. Currently, most firms face stiff competition in their various industries. They have forced to change this approach.
The marketplace is full of so many challenges. Many firms face various challenges that they have to overcome in order to be considered relevant in the market. In order to bring a clear understanding of the challenges a firm would face in the current competitive market, an external PESTEL analysis of business would be appropriate.
Analysis of the external business environment (PESTEL) Environmental scanning can be done using PESTEL Analysis. This involves the analysis of political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal environments.
Politically, various firms in Kuwait have experienced a relatively stable government. The country has experienced a long period of political stability that has made it conducive for business. It has a very stable government that is supportive of business operations.
However, the political stability of the country was at jeopardy in some past years, a fact that made it very difficult to conduct business in this country. Lack of political stability would mean that various businesses are not in a position to conduct business normally. Some may even be forced to wind up their operations in the market, which may amount to huge losses in case the instability is accompanied by looting and arson.
Economically, various firms in this country have faced difficulties. The firms have been faced with economic recession that hit various countries in the world, especially the US economy that had a direct effect on various economies in Asia.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This had serious negative effects on the firms’ revenues, as many customers considered the products non-basic. When the economy of the country is on a decline, the purchasing power is reduced. This reduces the viability of various businesses. They will be forced to cut down their operation costs, as the market will have a reduced capacity to sustain their products. During such times, weak firms are always faced out of the market.
The socio-cultural environment of this country is diversified. This is because this country has firms from all over the world. There are those countries that cherish equality and women have equal economic strength just as men. In such countries, the firm does not segment the market based on sex but age.
Kuwait is one such country. However, other countries such as the neighboring Saudi Arabia perceive women to be subordinates to men. It forces this firm to target the male members of the society because they have bigger purchasing power.
The technological environment that firms in this country operate in is very dynamic. Technology inventions and innovations, especially in the field of communication, have been the main challenge, as well as the strength of various firms.
While these firms are left with nightmares of trying to guess what their competitors in the market are going to come up with, some have use this technology to emerge leaders in the market. Technological changes are so unpredictable and firms are struggling to come into terms with these changes. The dynamism of technology in this sector has forced some firms to wind up the operations in the market.
Legally, most firms have not faced major challenges. The laws that govern trade in Kuwait and many other countries in the world have been very favorable to most firms. However, some firms have faced serious litigation cases for failure to follow some of the industry rules and regulations.
Of importance to note is that this country is largely an Islamic state. Most of the laws of this land are based on the strict Islamic principles. For this reason therefore, there are business practices that are not allowed in this country. Failure to follow the industry and national laws may not only lead to serious fines imposed by the government on the firm but also a closure of the firm.
We will write a custom Essay on E-Marketing For Small Businesses specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are some environmental concerns that would be considered a challenge for the firm. Kuwait is one of the developing nations in Asia. The infrastructural development is not to the standard. This causes serious problems to various businesses in the country.
Although the government has made efforts to improve the road network, other sectors still need serious improvement in order to be considered as of the right standards. The facilities at various institutions of higher learning also need improvement for them to be in a position to produce fully capable employees.
The main threat that firms in this country face pertains to dealing with competition. The market has is currently very competitive. Charantimath (75) notes that many firms have come up with products, which are close substitutes of those that are offered by other firms in the same market.
This scholar notes that there is lack of creativity in various countries. Various firms that come into the market are not creative but instead they just imitate the production system of other firms. They come to the market with similar products as those of existing companies and this brings about serious competition in the market.
Tackling the challenges In order to tackle the challenges identified in the above discussion, Porters five forces would be very important. Most firms have been in a position to manage these challenges by applying this strategy. They have been able to implement Porters five forces. To tackle the threat of new competition, most firms have been keen on producing new products to rival those of new competitors. They have been keen to introduce new products in the market to counter any possible threat.
To manage the threat of substitute products, some of these firms have developed different lines of products to satisfy different markets so that they may not be adversely affected if substitute products invade one line. To increase their bargaining power with buyers, some of these firms have continued to produce high-end products, with qualities that make it easy for customers to appreciate their high prices. In so doing, these firms have been keen on ensuring that the lower end of the market is not assumed.
To increase their bargaining power with suppliers, some have created a scenario where they are single buyers, with various sellers. This makes them be able to dictate the terms of buying the products. To counter the intensity of competition, some have been able to acquire a special niche in this market, rendering their competitors irrelevant as their products are turned into mere substitutes of such company’s products.
Small businesses Small-scale businesses are numerous not only in the economy of Kuwait but also in many other nations across the world. The small-scale firms operate in both developed industries and developing ones. Those firms that operate in developing industries find it a little easier to penetrate the market.
Not sure if you can write a paper on E-Marketing For Small Businesses by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is because of the fact that the market leaders do not have total control of the market. Small firms would therefore get the opportunity to capture new markets in the industry before they are taken over by large firms. However, the small-scale firms operating in developed industries encounter a big challenge to assert their presence in the market. This is because large market leaders have total control of the market and can easily dictate various factors, most of which would be unfavorable to the small firms.
There have been so many challenges, especially in the urban markets. Small-scale firms would easily excel in the urban centers where there is higher number of people. However, it is in the urban centers where the competitors are also strongest. Large firms prefer large cities and towns where their products can easily be sold, and at a relatively higher rate.
The urban centers are also attractive to both the small-scale and large firms because of the purchasing power in the towns. Most of the urban dwellers are employed, and therefore have a higher purchasing capacity. The small-scale firms should therefore select industries where they can offer stiff competition to large firms. In this country, one such industry is the bakery industry. This industry faces stiff challenge from various players.
The biggest challenge comes from small-scale traders in the lower ends of the market. They make the majority and hence the most attractive market segment. However, presences of small-scale traders who manufacture doughnuts and other confectionaries have a huge control of the market, especially in the morning hours when big companies expect the biggest sales. However, the competition from the large firms is still relatively strong in this industry
These small-scale firms have the responsibility to fight this competition in order to be in a position to stay any longer in this market. In order to achieve this, it would be recommended that such firms specialize in a number of niches within the Kuwaiti markets. There are three main classes of people in this country, based on their purchasing power, hence their general behavior.
The three categories include the rich, the middle class, and the poor. The rich have the behavior of being loyal to one brand, if they develop trust towards it. Winning them over may not be an easy task. The middle class also tend to be loyal, but not as much as the rich are. Loyalty of the poor is based on cheapness of the product and the mass it offers. Small-scale firms should focus on this market segment when starting operations.
They should therefore capture the poor first, for they make the majority. This would give it ground to move to the second segment of the middle class and finally the rich. In so doing, the firms must realize that the brand that was used to attract the poor will be associated with the poor.
For this reason therefore, it would require these firms to develop a new brand when moving to the next class that would be associated with the higher class. Although pricing strategy may be useful for these firms when capturing the segment for the poor, the strategy should completely be avoided when targeting the rich and the middle class.
Marketing Problems Faced By Small Businesses Small business faces a number of problems when operating in this country. These challenges have denied these firms opportunity to expand, as some of them are faced out of the market. The biggest challenge that small business faces is the competition from established firms. Large firms have the power to suppress small firms and even send them out of the market.
One way of doing this is through reduced prices. Because they enjoy economies of scale, large firms are able to set low prices that may not allow small firms to continue being operational. Another challenge is technology. Their small size may not allow them to adopt new technologies that the market requires.
They are also less capable of doing comprehensive market research due to limited funds to do so. Based on their small size, they are not able to open various lines of products as discussed above to cushion them from competition. Their limited financial capacity also makes it difficult for them to venture into new markets that may increase their profitability hence help them grow in size.
Solution for the above problems These firms are able to overcome the challenges mentioned above by employing various strategies that would ensure that they are able to operate in the market with minimal threat.
They have to make use of the strength they have to overcome their weaknesses. The fact that they are small is in itself an advantage that they should exploit as an advantage against their competitors. Small firms are easy to manage as the person involved can make a clear short term plans to be achieved within stipulated time. They should also try to embrace technology.
More specifically, it is a smarter decision to switch from typical marketing approach to electronic form of advertising and on the other hand, entire investment outcome is an important determining factor that effectively shaped organisation’s obligatory needs and functional strategies.
Meanwhile, the considering factors are listed as pattern of the business firm either service provider or product manufacturer or both, product documentation style and product line specification with pricing sheets as well as legal documents, product development and movements of dynamic forces that forced to transforming marketing and advertising strategies.
The workflow of the organisational legal, financing and marketing wings as well as their documentation status, approvals and updating and availability of current technological platform within the organisation should be monitored closely. All of these forces are strategically unique to recommend right track for any marketing, sales, and advertising dilemma and subsequently there have several supplementary technical approaches those also enough efficient resolving marketing crisis as early described.
For instance, availability of shared drives separated from organisation’s website for advertising, marketing and sales, effective solution for official document management featuring integration availability with related group technologies, system available to web content management in order to concern marketing and sales requirements of the organisation, system available to collateral management through.
It may reduce hostile consumer behaviour towards excessive marketing and their attitude would neutralised by specialised storing method, organising, distribution of goods as well as tracking materials and at last, available hybrid or collaborative solutions to convey Web based marketing collaborative opportunities that would effectively compose bridge among employees and valuable consumers through coordinate, communication and collaboration (Warner 94).
The small-scale organizations should also consider creating a healthy environment within the organisation that would encourage their employees. They should ensure that they make use of all the possible strategies they have to compensate for the fact that they are small, and therefore have limited finances. The managers would ensure a cooperative workplace environment for the staff where staffs know that they may not be undermined at the workplace.
The job satisfaction of the staff is another dominating factor where all the features of the job including working environment evidence as rewarding by gratifying and pleasing the staff and mitigating their frustrations. In the organisation, to unsatisfying staff in comparison to the non-sales context, would align them to conduct unethical behaviour and it is very much common within various industries within this country.
Thus, it is suggested that the management of these small-scale firms would be more careful to ensure the job satisfaction of the staff and the unethical conduct would be reduce while the staff would perceive that their company is careful regarding ethical conduct and rewarding them for steady performance with ethical conduct. It is general norm for the staff that while the organisation would provide higher job satisfaction, they would demonstrate their highest honesty and sound performance with ethical standards.
E-marketing problems faced by small businesses In Kuwait, small-scale firms face a number of challenges as they struggle to capture the market. Although some of these challenges are conventional and would be faced by any other small-scale business in any other part of the country, some are specific to this country. E-business in Kuwait has faced a number of problems based on the strict provisions of the Islamic laws practiced in the country.
Cultural problems Although some of the Islamic laws may act towards improving electronic business, the law is very restrictive to this business in some respects. The Islamic religion, unlike other religions, strongly dictates the way people live. It has a number of practices it strongly prohibits.
In case the adherents break laws, they would receive immediate punishment some of which may even lead to death. This distinguishes it from other religions, especially Christianity. Unlike the Christian religion that holds that punishment would come after one dies, the Islamic religion believes on immediate punishment here on earth. This has made Muslims follow the teachings of Quran.
One such country that closely follows this religion is Kuwait. This is a majorly Islamic state. Businesses are closely controlled by this religion. As Freeman (51), Shariah law has been entrenched into the national law. The two are inseparable. The law dictates the products that may be allowed into the country. The law has had mixed fortunes for the electronic businesses. Although this religion has been advantageous to various business as stated above, it has posed a major threat to electronic business.
Islamic law strictly prohibits certain practices among its citizens. There is a strict manner in which men and women should behave and relate. For instance, a man and a woman should not have body contact with each other unless they are close relatives. However, most of the international television channels air movies that show that such behaviors are normal. Such movies sold by small-scale traders may lack market in this country.
Women make very attractive market segment for such products as mobile phones. This product has become a necessity. According to a report by Clinton (143), for every a hundred adult people sampled, over ninety-seven of them are regularly user of mobile phones in the developed nations.
In developing nations, this figure is slightly lower, at 68 adult individuals for every a hundred sampled. As Weiss (110) reports, in some Islamic society, women do not have the freedom men have. They have to seek consent from men in order to do certain things. When it comes to such items as mobile phones, women can only own them when their husbands approves of it. This would reduce the sale of this product among the small-scale traders.
Most of the small-scale traders who are in the e-market heavily rely on the social media to reach out to the customers, especially the youths. However, the government has been very keen to regulate the social media, given the events, which took place in some Arabic nations like Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia.
Although it has not completely banned the social media, as was the case in China, the government has used religion to discourage the use of social media. Religion has given social media as a rebellious media that should be avoided by God-fearing individuals. Because of this, online marketing has been very slow to pick pace.
The perception and attitude of the society towards the emerging technologies has been an impediment to the electronic business. The older generation of this society who are deeply entrenched in the Shariah law view emerging technologies as a thing of the west. They consider technological advancements as a way through which America and its allies are trying to influence the world and further their culture.
The Hollywood movies have been a strong pointer to these members of the society of America’s determination to poison the culture that the Muslim society has held closely. Their music is also negatively influencing their youth as far as the principles of Shariah law are concerned.
Youths who watch these movies would try to behave like the stars they see, while the songs make the girls feel that the world society offers much freedom to them with regard to dressing and general way of conduct. This perception has seen this group vehemently oppose the development of electronic businesses, because electronics introduces the youths to the outside world.
Annotated Bibliography Cohen, William A. The Entrepreneur
Freedom of expression Essay essay help free: essay help free
Freedom of expression refers to the right to express one’s opinions or thoughts freely by utilizing any of the different modes of communication available. The ideas aired should, however, not cause any intentional harm to other personality or status through false or ambiguous statements. Communication of ideas can be achieved through speech, writing or art. Freedom of expression, unlike freedom of thought, may be regulated by the appropriate authorities in any society in order to avoid controversies between different individuals.
The extent to which this limitation or censorship is done varies from nation to nation and is dependent on the government of the day. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, every individual has the right to search for information, access and impart variety of ideas irrespective of the frontiers.
The subject of freedom of expression has always been controversial, especially when considering political aspects. A state is perceived to have the mandate to impede people from convening groups in which they air their opinions if those views can result in direct harm to other people.
However, the interference would only be an exception if doing so results in more beneficial outcomes than standing aside. For one to be in a position to gauge the eventuality of a gain or a loss, then there should be absolute freedom of expression on all matters irrespective of the nature of the sentiments made.
Arguments for absolute freedom of expression can be a made by evaluating the purpose for which the ideas are expressed and the manner in which we evaluate what is true or false. According to Mill (Eisenach, 2004), the right to express one’s opinions offers humanity a rare chance to switch over an error for the truth if the idea expressed happens to be true.
In case the opinion happens to be wrong, mankind stands a chance of getting a clearer picture of the known truth through collusion with a mistake. Therefore, freedom of expression acts in the best interests of mankind as it endeavors to progress and its limitation deprives people of the prospects of growth.
Whether we let expression of an opinion to be limited or censored, whereas it could be true, then we present ourselves as beyond reproach. We consider all that we know to be the truth and therefore dispel all opinions that question this truth. It is possible for people or authorities to be in fault. For instance, what we consider to be morally right or wrong may not be so.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The lines that define moral rights and wrongs were set by people who could possibly have mistaken. In order to draw the limit, one must differentiate between sureness and the truth. Our certainty that a particular idea is false does not in any way excuse its expression. Suppressing such an idea would not only justify our confidence of the opinion being wrong, but also proves that we are flawless.
If limitation of people’s freedom of expression in matters such as racism is based on certainty that mankind does not stand to lose any benefit, then this sureness should be founded in the freedom itself. We can only consider ourselves to be certain when there have been no opinions raised to question the truths we hold. Therefore, in order to boost our certainty, we have to leave room for the opposing beliefs.
There are governments that censor the expression of certain ideas not because they are false, but because they are considered to be hazardous to the society. Mill argues that in such a situation, the hazard in the expressed opinions is questionable. The only way to ascertain that the opinion is in fact dangerous is not to suppress its expression but to allow its free discussion.
Secondly, if the opinion that is being limited is true, then the alternative view held by the government must be false. Experience has shown that all beliefs that are false are never constructive in the long run. Therefore, the government that prefers to hold a false conviction in place of a hazardous truth does not act in the best interests of its people.
In many instances, the silenced view may be a mistake. However, most of these mistakes do carry with them a scrap of truth. On the other hand, the existing view on each of the different topics often does not contain the entire truth. By listening to the opinions of others on the matter, an opportunity to learn the rest of the uncovered truths presents itself.
For instance in politics, we could have two political parties with different agendas. One wants to institute reforms while another desires to ensure stability. People may not be in a position to discern what should be retained or altered, but ensuring the parties at opposing ends ensures each party checks on the performance of the other. In the long run, we strike for a beneficial balance between their supposed agendas (Bhargava, 2008).
Moreover, if the opinion being expressed is entirely true, it may not be considered so with certainty. For confidence to feature, these views must be contested against other rational opinions of others in order to single out the supporting arguments. It is expected that those who believe in their opinions will place strong arguments in their favor (Matravers, 2001).
We will write a custom Essay on Freedom of expression specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If an authority believes in the rationality of its ideas, then it should leave room for the expression of opposing ideas. For instance, if any reigning political party has faith in the views it has concerning the development of the country’s economy, it should not be wary of an opposition party with contradicting views. After all what they stand for has factual backing (O’Rourke, 2001).
Lastly, the battle for supremacy between different opinions opens up a more comprehensive understanding of our beliefs. We begin to comprehend what is required of us and are, thus, in a position to act on them. Human beliefs do not exhibit any motivation and the debates that arise are what add fuel to the fire.
Holding beliefs with a conservative mindset only serves to hinder our acceptance of the possible alternatives (Jones, 2001). Therefore, opposition exhibited in the freedom of speech opens up a lee way for open-mindedness besides posing a challenge to hypocrisy and logical sluggishness.
The absence of restrictions on people’s freedom of oppression allows for the exchange of error for truth or the clarification of the existing truth. It also reinforces our certainty in the opinions we consider true besides increasing our open-mindedness and thoughtfulness. For governments, it ensures those entrusted with the leadership of the country have reasonable opinions that work for the common good of the country’s citizens.
Free discussion and analysis of different ideas will, thus, result in the prosperity of mankind rather than the detrimental effects it is assumed to bring.
References Bhargava, H. (2008). Political Theory: An Introduction. Delhi: Pearson Education
Eisenach, E. (2004). Mill and Moral Character. New York: Penn State Press.
Jones, T. (2001). Modern Political Thinkers and Ideas: An Historical Introduction. New York: Routledge.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Freedom of expression by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Matravers, D. (2001) Reading Political Philosophy: Machiavelli to Mill. New York: Routledge.
O’Rourke, K. (2001). John Stuart Mill and Freedom of Expression: The Genesis of a Theory. Connecticut: Taylor
Benefits of Preparing for Emergencies and Terrorism Term Paper custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Prevalence of Terrorism and Natural Disasters
Benefits of Preparations to Emergency Workers
Benefits to the Authorities
Benefits to the General Population
Introduction The last 13 years have brought to the attentions of all Americans the devastating effects that natural disasters and terrorism can have on the society. The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 and the devastating hurricane Katrina in 2006 demonstrated the adverse effects of disasters.
In both instances, the emergency services responded promptly and they were able to mitigate the damages and save many lives. Even so, Cetron and DeMicco (2006) suggest that these responses were not optimal since the responders were not well prepared for such catastrophes.
In light of increased concern of terrorist-related incidents and the ongoing risk of major domestic incidents in the country, making preparations is a prudent approach. This paper will set out to highlight the benefits of preparing for emergencies and terrorism for emergency workers, government authorities, and the general population.
Prevalence of Terrorism and Natural Disasters While terrorism is not a new phenomenon, terrorists today pose significantly greater danger than they ever have in the past. These terrorists are better financed, organized, and they demonstrate greater eagerness to engage in higher levels of carnage; factors that significantly increase the risk that they pose to the public.
Hoffman (2006) notes that in the last decade, terrorism has emerged as the most perilous global problem that threatens to disrupt society life. Taking preemptive actions to prepare for an imminent terrorist attack is therefore in the best interest of the society.
The impacts of natural disasters on society have increased dramatically over the past few decades (Schaefer-Jones, 2007). The reason for this is that human population has increased and many settlements have been established in areas that are prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes.
The concentration of populations in urban areas also increases the severity of damage when natural disasters strike at a particular location. For this reasons, being prepared for natural disasters is crucial to reducing the hazards posed by such events.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Benefits of Preparations to Emergency Workers Preparations will familiarize emergency workers with unconventional weapons that may be used by terrorists. Alexander and Klein (2006) suggest that it is plausible that these terrorists will pursue chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) methods in the near future. While most emergency workers are proficient in dealing with conventional terrorist attacks, they may lack the expertise to deal with CBRN.
Preparation will familiarize the emergency personnel with impacts of such attacks and inform them on how to respond. Alexander and Klein (2006) reveal that training will help emergency workers to address the heightened physical risk of children and adolescents to CBRN effects. Emergency personnel will also be trained on how to identify the various agents used by the terrorists and the effective countermeasure against them.
Preparation will entail determination of priority and authority for incident safety management. In most disasters, significant amount of time and resources are wasted due to lack of a command structure and priority. Emergency workers therefore end up dealing with matters in a haphazard manner and lack of central command leads to poor coordination. Preparation will help establish a priority order that will be used when dealing with disaster. Authority will also be given and a command structure established to help in joint emergency activities.
Reissman and Howard (2008) reveal that proper preparations include delineation of roles to ensure cross-agency consistency and effective communication during a disaster. During training, mock drills are carried out and emergency personnel including, but not limited to, medical teams, fire fighters, and police are given roles and responsibilities that they will carry out in the event of a real emergency. Training ensures that emergency personnel familiarize themselves with protocols to be used in emergencies.
Anticipating likely hazards within the planning scenarios will help identify the kind of equipment and technical expertise that will be needed in the real disaster. This will assist response organizations to acquire the needed equipment and expert staff. If this is not possible, the organization will have an inventory of where this equipment and expert staff can be obtained from on short notice.
This early identification will aid in the quick acquisition of necessary technical staff and monitoring equipment when responding to a disaster. Reissman and Howard (2008) reiterate that having an inventory of such assets will facilitate quick decision-making.
The emergency response team needs to be medically, emotionally, and cognitively ready to face disaster. If these workforce is not ready in these important dimensions, their efficiency will be lowered and this will hamper the entire disaster response operations. The planning phase will include pre-deployment medical reviews to ensure that the emergency response personnel are fit for duty. Individuals who have risk factors that might compromise the mission success will be removed from active participation (Reissman
A Man for All Semesters Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Summary of Main Points
Introduction Dameron’s article titled “A man for All Semesters” explores misdeeds of Tomar as well as the indolent nature of learners in higher institutions. The article gives an account of how Dave Tomar made vast amounts of money by helping students to complete their assignments.
Tomar earns a decent living from his work as a freelance writer in a custom essay company. The article explains how Tomar completed loads of papers for learners who were either indolent or not prepared for tasks associated with completion of their college, graduate and doctoral programs. The interest of learners is just to present exactly what the teacher asks for so that they can obtain excellent grades.
Hence, they keep on confirming whether the writer is writing what the teacher requires. Also, Dameron uses some clients served, by Mr. Tomar, to show that these learners are not ready to think on their own at all. Rather, they expect Mr. Tomar to provide them with an excellent piece of work that meets the criteria asked for by their instructors. Besides, the article demonstrates parents to these learners as being key facilitators to the entire process of cheating in institutions of higher learning.
Other aspects that this article explores are relationships between unemployment and academic cheating. Mr. Tomar was happy with his work as he could earn more than most of his peer lectures in prominent universities. Further, the article shows that the current university education in America has many shortcomings. Writing dissertations for the doctorate and graduate learners as well as completing term papers for college learners produces learners, who cannot think or apply education learnt to real situations.
Besides, completing such vital tasks on behalf of learners leaves them with less time to study and learn. This, in turn, compromises the value and significance of education in American universities. As a result, these institutions end up producing graduates who cannot think critically, and whenever they find themselves in a situation that requires complex reasoning, they make efforts to contact freelance writers who can complete these tasks on their behalf.
This article is of immense significance today to instructors, learners, readers and parents. The article demonstrates that current instructors have neglected their work of ensuring that learners present original work in higher institutions of learning. Whenever instructors offer assignments to learners, they have a responsibility of ensuring that learners submit their original work in order to maintain academic integrity.
Besides, this article demonstrates that learners have lost moral values related to education and their parents are paying little attention to their misdeeds. Every time learners receive assignments while, in learning institutions, they should complete these assignments individually, or as required in order to avoid compromising values related to education.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The current economic issues in the United States, particularly in the area of employments, may have made learners develop the act of cheating in examinations Also, parents have a responsibility of ensuring that their children complete home assignments individually rather than presenting these assignments to other people to assist them.
Further, this article is of immense significance to any reader who believes in academic integrity and moral development. This is because this topic seems to compromise these key aspects of education purpose.
As revealed by this account, both undergraduate and graduate schools and learners have fallen into a trap of low quality education and cheating because of little attention by instructors in American institutions.
Summary of Main Points Dameron’s article highlights the issue of academic cheating. Another key point that is clear in this work is that learners in higher institutions of learning just seek to excel in their assignments as opposed to obtaining knowledge.
Besides, Dameron’s article demonstrates how students cannot think independently. Dameron also demonstrates that learners are extremely conscious while delivering writing instruction as the teacher requires. In addition, Dameron uses Mr. Tomar to demonstrate that the current situation of exam cheating has roots in lack of adequate employment.
The article by Dameron further explains that if the story by Mr. Tomar is true, then the current university education in America has many shortcomings. Also, this article highlights that instructors in American institutions of higher learning have failed in their role of molding characters of learners.
Analysis The author fulfilled his purpose through this argument. The main purpose of the author was to demonstrate that cheating in American institutions of higher learning is prevalent due to both economic and institutional issues. However, this work has both logical and illogical ideas.
We will write a custom Essay on A Man for All Semesters specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More First, the article claims that Mr. Tomar’s clients are lazy and incompetent. While this could be true for most clients, it cannot be generalized. This is because some learners ask for Mr. Tomar’s hand due to sickness, ethnical issues or engagement in other activities that they value as much as education. Hence, this fallacy is illogical.
Second, the article claims that learners are extremely conscious while delivering writing instruction as the teacher requires. On the same paragraph, the article demonstrates that the learner has concern of what the paper will entail.
These two ideas are contradicting as one idea seeks to demonstrate that these learners only care about following instructions given in order to pass exams, whereas the other idea demonstrates that learners have a concern on details of the paper as they know what should be contained in the paper. Hence, these two statements are contradicting and seem to be illogical.
Third, the article speculates that learners are always learning and studying little than the system requires. A study referring to the trend of studying and learning, in higher institutions, by Marks and Philip Babcock indicates that there is a tremendous decline in the time spent by learners on their studies. This study made reference to students’ behavior between 1961 and 2003. This argument seems to be illogical as it draws from inductive arguments.
The fact that there is a tremendous decline, in the time that students spend on their studies, does not necessary mean that learners are always learning and studying little than the system requires. Besides, the last date that the study made reference to was 2003, 0r 9 years ago. The fact that a situation existed 9 years ago does not necessary means that the same situation exists. All these arguments seem to be informal fallacies.
Response The first issue that I support is the perspective on academic cheating. The practice of academic cheating is prevalent in most American institutions of higher learning (McCabe, Trevino,
How Leaders Create and Use Networks Essay (Article) college essay help near me
This article mainly focuses on how leaders create and use networks in their work place for their success in discharging their duties, a skill that non leaders do not posses. This article was written by Herminia Ibara and Mark hunter.
Ibara is a professor of leadership and learning at the University of Insead, Fontainebleau, France and the director of the faculty of leadership initiative, an executive program for managers moving into broader leadership at Insead. She has also written numerous books. Hunter is an investigative journalist and a professor of communications at Insead and has written different books (Ibara and Hunter 108).
The authors while examining the networks which are the personal connections that will provide support, information and resources, found that they are the most challenging for managers who are transitioning into new leadership roles.
When managers move up the ranks, they will be addressing issues that will impact the whole organization and not only their areas of specialization, these new roles require relational tactics, which involves exchange and interaction with the current and potential stakeholders. All these contacts are particularly critical to the new roles of the leader.
The authors identified three different types of networks which are interdependent on each other. They are operational networks, personal networks and strategic networks. Personal networks will help to improve personal development of the manager.
These based on the relationships forged with the immediate superiors, juniors, the peers and outsiders like suppliers and customers who have the potential of supporting or blocking the project. Personal networks are for the purposes of coordinating and cooperation between individuals who know one another when they are accomplishing any task. This form of networking comes almost naturally to most managers (Ibara and Hunter 107).
Operational networks will assist the managers on present internal responsibilities so that they can perform their duties well. These are relationships built outside the inner circles and are established through professional associations, clubs and other interest groups that will serve to advance careers while giving new insights and perspectives. Operational networks serve as an important tool for personal development and can be a convenient point to establish the next network of relationship.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Operational networks are made of flexible connections between people who share or have something in common and are vital for referrals and getting daily tasks done. Strategic networks will help the individual in seeing the new directions of the business, and the stakeholders because this is the inflection point where the manager moves from the functional responsibilities into being a business leader. The concerns at this juncture are the broad business strategic issues.
The relationships established here will be the foundation of information that will enable the leader to achieve both personal and organizational goals. Strategic networks are the most underutilized among the three networking types, yet it is the most important for the success of a manager moving to undertake new responsibilities (Ibara and Hunter 109).
The authors have been studying networking strategies and social networks used by managers for over 20 years and their findings are, the useful and meaningful networks do not happen instantly, but needs time, and all three have to be used to ensure success and not just one or two.
They studied 30 managers for a period of two years who were transitioning into positions of leadership in the organization, and their findings were that those who employed all the three types of networking were successful while those who did not end up failing (Ibara and Hunter 106). These findings support the principles of reciprocity that are common in leadership management to influence followers of a leader.
People find they are obligated to support anybody they are closely associated or share something in common. These networks are based on interpersonal trust because when a person trust another, they are likely to offer support and, therefore, ensuring the success in the transition process. The findings also support the principle of six degrees of separation which simply says there are at least six people connections between one person and another in the world (Ibara and Hunter 108).
On the other hand, over reliance on networks could lead to other problems because not everybody is reliable to give the required and appropriate support and may give some misleading information. Besides, operational networks would address the assigned objectives and not the overall strategic objectives of the organization.
Personal networks are easy to establish and almost comes naturally, but the strategic networks are difficult to establish especially if it involves the superiors in the organization. There is no step by step formula to be followed in order to establish these networks, but they are intuitive based on general guidelines and would largely depend on individuals and situations. This means that they can be extremely hard for some individuals while it may be easy for others (Ibara and Hunter 106).
We will write a custom Article on How Leaders Create and Use Networks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Finally, this article contains valuable information particularly to any aspiring manager who wants to climb the career ladder by leverage the concept of networks in pursuit of their careers while making solid contributions in their organization. This is because the findings were observable facts on managers working in different organizations and are supported by sound principles of management (Ibara and Hunter 112).
Works Cited Ibara, Herminia and Hunter, Mark. How Leaders Create and Use Networks. Jan. 2007. Harvard Business Review. Web.