There can be nothing more trivial than a visit to a shopping mall. However, this everyday routine can be seen differently by different people. For some, it can be a torture and for some it can be a way to overcome depression. For a sociologist, this can be a kind of Eldorado where almost all sociological concepts and theories can be observed. The sociologist should not even have that much of sociological imagination as all trends are obvious. Of course, the observer should exploit a beginner’s mind to trace peculiarities of people’s behavior.
Therefore, to start an observation in a shopping mall, one should forget about everything and disregard the “treasures” displayed there. It is necessary to sit and observe. At this point, it is necessary to note that observation is one of the most appropriate research methods to employ at a shopping mall as a researcher can observe people’s behavior in a natural setting. Thus, people do not even know they are being observed and they do not try to change their typical behavioral patterns.
One of the most observable sociological concepts in the shopping mall is Herbert Spencer’s idea of evolution. This idea is based on the well-known Darwin’s theory. The abundance of sales in a shopping mall makes it similar to a jungle where the fittest survives, or gets what he/she wants.
The fittest in a shopping mall is the one who knows where the sales are, is aware of the opening hours, knows what exactly he/she wants to buy and how to access the item at the unprecedented pace. These “kings and queens of the jungles” obtain the best items at best prices. The rest of the shoppers who are not that fit have to content themselves with less valuable items.
Of course, people’s inability to make use of sales will not lead to the extinction of the species. However, the ability to shop during sales makes people a bit different, and, perhaps, even superior in certain strata of the human society or community. It is possible to see the kings and the less fit in the shops’ doors.
First, the kings are more confident when they come into the shop and they are delighted when they leave it. Less fit shoppers are not very confident or even at a loss when they enter the shop and they are often unsatisfied with their purchases. Thus, Spencer’s idea is revealed at the shops’ doors.
Another sociological concept which can be traced in a shopping mall is a conflict theory. According to Karl Marx, human society is nothing more than a constant conflict between capitalists and proletariat. The thinker also stressed that people had struggled for resources for centuries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Marx believed that workers would someday become the rulers of the world. Again, sales reveal this kind of conflict as well. Thus, people who cannot afford something try to “win” the product they need during sales. Again, people oppose each other and there are often quarrels in such shops.
I was lucky to witness a quarrel of two girls who came together smiling and chatting, but went out of the shop frowning. This situation verifies that there is a constant conflict. Marx was too concerned with classes, which distracted his attention from the very nature of people. Shopping malls show that the conflict is not confined to classes, but conflict is people’s constant struggle for resources. Of course, it is impossible to state that Marx was totally wrong as the conflict between certain classes is also represented at shopping malls.
The situation in shopping malls confirms that critical theory is a bit more comprehensive than that of Marx. According to the critical theory, mass culture perpetuates capitalist domination. The abundance of luxury boutiques is an illustration of this domination.
Shopping malls are full of ads promoting luxury products. People can see those products in high-profile boutiques. However, only rich people can afford these luxury items. The conflict is apparent as the majority of people strive for having those products. Thus, I observed many people strolling along the shop windows or even inside luxury boutiques. Obviously, they could not afford buying the products, but sometimes such people bought some of those luxury items.
Therefore, they worked harder during certain period of time to obtain the resource they wanted. Eventually, some of these people obtain the resource they want. This situation common for shopping malls is illustrative as this conflict often leads to quite drastic changes. Eventually, people can become wealthier and start shopping at luxury boutiques only. Likewise, certain groups in the society can also obtain privileged position.
Apart from the conflict theory, certain concepts of structural functionalism can also be found at shopping malls. Again, sales can be seen as the most suggestive examples of one of sociological concepts. Sales have become a part of people’s collective consciousness. These venues can be regarded as a kind of ritual. Sales are often associated with some kind of craze. Shoppers follow the general flow of people and start buying things they never wanted and would never buy in ordinary settings. More so, even without any sales people do follow some sort of collective behavioral patterns.
Many people think that only some sport games or religious rituals can turn people into zombies. Nonetheless, visiting a shopping mall can also turn people into zombies for certain period of time. Thus, some gatherings (promo activities, advertising campaigns, etc.) attracts people’s attention and shoppers are eager to participate in a variety of activities to win something they do not need or do not even want. People can hardly resist this temporary craze. Obviously, collective consciousness does work at shopping malls, and sellers make use of it.
We will write a custom Essay on Sociological Concepts in Shopping Malls specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Of course, a variety of other sociological concepts can be traced at a shopping mall. It took me only several hours of observation to trace the most noticeable concepts. A bit deeper research can provide valuable insights into microsociological as well as macrosociological theories.
Therefore, it is possible to state that a shopping mall can be regarded as one of the most “spectacular” sites for a sociologist. Any boutique or even a parking area turns into a jungle where people try to become the “fittest”. More so, a couple of days at a shopping mall during sales can be regarded as an illustration of the history of human society.
The evolution of the societies can be traced when observing people trying to get the best bargain. It becomes clear that conflict theory is the most comprehensive concept which helps to understand people’s behavior. Thus, people are in a constant chase for certain resources they find valuable. Those who “win the race” can evolve and penetrate into a group of privileged people, while the rest have to constantly participate in the rat race.
Why is recess being eliminated from some of our public schools? Essay (Critical Writing) writing essay help: writing essay help
Most states are currently in the process of eliminating recess from their normal school programs. Different educational boards have cited a number of reasons for this action. These range from the fact that recess exposes children to unregulated play to the lack of enough time to learn.
There are also issues pertaining to the freedom of children during recess, which gives them the opportunity to bully each other and engage in negative social activities such as teasing. Some of the stakeholders have identified that children have to be molded through learning where a teacher provides structured guidance in all aspects of their lives (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 367).
This means that the freedom to participate in their own play activities freely may be discouraging a child’s wholesome growth. The fact that teachers are aware of what is best for each child under their care means that they are in an elaborate position to provide helpful guidance during play. There have also been a number of legal liabilities that have seen school boards incurring huge losses as a result of legal suits where parents sue the school for injuries sustained during play.
This debate seems to have overshadowed the benefits of free play as they are identified in the personal development of the child. Children are in a position to establish their own perceptions in as far as their environment and the people around them are concerned (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 383). This should be subject to some level of guidance to eliminate negative influences, but at the same time, it should not be dominated by adult preferences.
The fact that recesses as well as other activities that a child engages in while at school are supposed to prepare him or her for the eventual adult life means that normal social settings should be encouraged. The elimination of recess defeats the purpose of a random learning environment as the guidance provided to children remains unpractical in their adult life because of the random challenges they face (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 378).
Recess helps build an adaptive character where a child is able to cognitively perceive positive aspects out of every scenario without having to be forced by the teacher or guardian. The child has to learn to engage his or her creative abilities without having to rely on the teacher or guardian. The fact that children are at the top of the developmental ladder means that they are more likely to achieve mental, emotional and physical growth in the process of play.
There are a number of aspects of growth especially in as far as physical and emotional growth is concerned, which occur naturally. The solving of social dilemmas is often advised by inherent knowledge developed through voluntary growth. This is often encouraged through the engagement in free play where there is no adult influence that imparts regenerated solutions, which can be easily forgotten.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The elimination of recess can be greatly attributed to the changing social structure as well as the changing perceptions among parents. The fact that parents perceive their children as being in a position to avoid all the negative influences that they had to deal with as children such as injuries and bullies means that they are the main proponents of guided play (Johnson, Christie and Wardle 385).
Teachers are also more concerned over the opinions of parents rather than the general well-being of the children that entrusted unto them.
Works Cited Johnson, James, Christie James, and Wardle Francis. Play, Development, and Early Education. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. 2005. Print.
The Feelgud Company and Its Philosophy of Human Health Essay online essay help
Feelgud, a Maryland based company, is withdrawing all of its Headache Gone products following the reported cases of illnesses in Illinois and other parts. This follows the company’s philosophy as regards to human health.
In a statement, the company CEO reiterated the organization was determined to safeguard its image by putting the interests of the public first. Consequently, the organization is going to work with American Center for Disease Control to destroy the product.
The company decided to withdraw the product from the market following the reported cases of serious illnesses such as voting, diarrhea and general body weakness. It should be made clear to the public that the product underwent extensive testing and scientific research before being allowed to enter the market.
Furthermore, the product was allowed to trade in the American market after receiving approval from the governmental agency in charge of drug licensing. This is why the agency is willing to help the company monitor the withdrawal of the product from the market. Customer interests always guide the company meaning that the health of the public is a valued issue in the company.
Even though serious cases have not yet been reported, the company decided to pull back the product to investigate the possible problem. It is possible that the quality of the product could have been compromised either at the production site in Bangladesh or at the departmental stores within the country. The company urges the public to destroy any product that might have been purchased already before this announcement.
It is in the country’s health records that the product was effective before its quality was compromised. This information is supported by the fact that over 95% of citizens, approximated at 170,000 used the product successfully meaning that their needs were met. Due to developments in technology and the issue of globalization, many companies cannot trace the movement of their products.
Some fraudsters could have acquired the technology used in producing the drug. Furthermore, the contents of the product could have been tempered with hence, we urge the company to remain patient as the company, together with law enforcers, embark on a serious investigation. The findings of the investigations will be made public.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company wishes to notify the public to be cautious of any new changes in the product, including its effects, labeling, packaging, and distribution channels. Before using a product, ensure that the label is that of the company registered legally to distribute or to trade in a certain product.
Moreover, the public should be aware of any new adjustments as regards to packaging. Finally, ensure that the product meets the intended purpose. Should any customer experience any effect, either negative or positive, ensure that you report to the relevant authorities. Nonetheless, never hold back your suggestions. Try as much as possible to contact the manufacture. For any clarifications, the public is urged to contact 1 800 555-2233 for further clarifications.
The company wishes to assure the public that the product will be back in the market but after thorough investigations. Any inconvenience caused to the public is highly regretted. We urge the public to check continuously the press for further information regarding the product. We know that the product has been satisfying your need but your health is of great importance. You can as well check the company’s website to acquaint yourself with relevant information.
Globalisation, Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in Vancouver Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity are of much importance to sociologists and non-sociologists in similar methods, however, the past geographical perspective for the play out of economic development has long been of concern to sociological researchers.
Though, Vancouver B.C. has developed as the typical or quintessential example of the social process through which cities develop. It is an extended social group of a unique cultural and economic organisation in urban North America. Presently, through the progression of locally developed strategies, Vancouver has, with broad awareness presented itself as a form of modern city-making.
Like the most realistic of dreams, the city is creating itself as a district beyond and different from the usual expected transformation of a modern society. Perhaps, constant phenomenal is in accordance with the current social theories of globalisation, immigration, as well as ethnic and gender development in the city.
Vancouver B.C has propagated a number of myths about itself. These well established myths are accepted in the public mind. Nevertheless, it is a city of paradoxes.
Critical analysis beyond the understandable and the reasons for Vancouver’s success seem more often to do with historical occurrence that might have been arranged even though it was an unplanned formulated realism.
Contrary to plan and expectation, Vancouver’s precise state of separation in addition to the relative deficiency in political and economic authority has meant that it was avoided by the worst of North America urban renewal. However, freeways system of transportation using trains to move passengers or freight and underground pedestrian systems, large shopping centers, big-box retail, and super curved dead-end boulevards represent the traditional street network.
Certainly, metropolitan Vancouver does have many of the symptoms of modern North American town planning, predominantly in its remote suburbs and bedroom communities where, in fact, the majority of its inhabitants live. On the other hand, there is a virtuous chain of sanitary around the large and densely populated urban area of Vancouver itself: almost no freeways break the rules of its municipal boundaries or violate the regular street grid and a sum of just two main shopping centers besmirches its environs (Millar 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a convinced irony in America cities looking upon Canada to consider what the United States taught the public about city building. In the case of Vancouver, both Shaughnessy Heights and the British Properties were urbanised through the giants of American town planning. Vancouver has been what newcomers want it to be, the perennial immigrants’ city of the migration. Yet it is the dream city that has seduced the imagination of emigrants and visitors alike.
Objectives This research paper will discuss the role of one aspect of the phenomenon (Globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity) in Vancouver, B. C. The paper will further explain the impact of geographical-regional inequality in addition to class polarisation, and function of the metropolitan city of Vancouver B.C. in the new global society.
Lastly, this research paper will assess how globalising forces impacts migration and social identities in Vancouver B.C.
Research question What are the sociological theories that best explains the local case of globalisation in Vancouver B.C?
What are the fundamental characteristics of the world-system view of globalisation?
What is Vancouver’s elemental DNA?
Methodology This research paper attempts to capture the fundamental nature of globalisation in the development and transformation of Vancouver as well as the sociological theory that best explains the local case. On the other hand, this research paper is not a clearly defined or formulated detailed and documented treatise of Vancouver’s urban geography and history of settlement (migration of people). Nor is it a wide-ranging review of the architectural tradition of the city.
Such theoretical accounts have already been well provided. The most important investigation of this paper is on an effort to understand the unique setting and urban forms that have shaped this young city and continue to influence its emerging development through globalisation. It is the selective focus on those evidences and characteristics that contribute towards deciphering the aspect of the phenomenon (Globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity) that is present-day Vancouver.
Statistics of Vancouver B.C Some vital statistics (Census Community Profiles 2006) to keep in mind in the beginning of this research are:
Vancouver B.C has two million residents (Census Community Profiles 2006).
Greater Vancouver is made up of twenty-one separate municipalities, and one electoral district, which together form the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD).
The city of Vancouver B.C has around six hundred thousand inhabitants-approximately 30 percent of the total city populace.
The land base of Greater Vancouver is 6571 km2 (2,537 square miles).
The size of land fit for urban development is much less, only about 1441 km2 (556 square miles) because of protected ridge of land that splits two adjacent river systems; local, regional, provincial and national parks; agricultural land; forests and land that is too steep to develop.
History and Background of the City of Vancouver B.C Vancouver is little more than a century old. Until about 1885, the only intimations of the future city were a factory, a church and some wooden houses in a clearing of the southern shore of an otherwise largely limited Burrard Inlet existed, though parts of the forest around the inlet had already been cut down.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Globalisation, Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in Vancouver specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Though, the traditional and historical chronology approach seems ill-natured, if not absolute irrelevant to understanding the forces that have developed and continue to develop it. This timely urbanism, is match up to almost any other city in the urbanised world. Vancouver is also inseparable from its natural surroundings, and the chronicle of its urban form is about its setting and context as well as about the built content.
Elemental City of Vancouver There is something truly elemental about Vancouver, a defining characteristic of place that only a few cities have and the principal geology from which Vancouver establishes its elemental essence can be put in this formula:
Latitude coastal longitude mountains = precipitation
To put it another way:
Temperature prevailing ocean winds vertical barrier = Pacific Northwest rain forest.
Almost everything about Vancouver springs from this detailed theory of environmental information: the freshness of the air, the flavor of the water, the light, the smells, the colors of the landscape, the food it cultivates and eats, the pure atmosphere and consequential lifestyle. This is Vancouver’s distinctive atmosphere, and, the city’s urban form is responding to these elements.
Vancouver as a terminus city There is an edge quality that has described the development in Vancouver from its beginnings. In a statistically significant process, apart from the early maritime voyagers who alerted Europe to these shores, Vancouver was not colonised from the ocean but through the solid part of the earth’s surface, unlike superficially similar places such as Sydney. It is the last stop, not the beginning, of the current Canadian story.
Its birth as a city was as the western terminus of the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway. It is the final continental stop on a route beginning, metaphorically, in the British Isles, and, geographically, in the southern Patagonia, where the Pan-American Highway starts a route that finally runs out of maritime contact at Vancouver. Vancouver has always been the metropolis at the last part of the line terminal city.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Globalisation, Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in Vancouver by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ethno-cultural portrait of Canada This paper presents the ethno-cultural analysis representing the extent to which Canada at the beginning of the 21st Century presents a nation that has become progressively more multiethnic and multicultural. This description is diverse and differs from territory to territory, city to city, and community to community.
The movements of people to Canada over the precedent 100 years have formed Canada, with each new movement of immigrants adding to the nation’s ethnic and cultural composition. Half a century ago, most migrates came from Europe. Now most recent arrivals are from Asia.
As a result, the number of noticeable minorities in Canada is increasing. Moreover, Canadians registered more than 200 ethnic groups in puzzling out the 2001 Census question on ethnic lineage, reflecting a diverse, rich cultural pattern as the nation began the new millennium.
Globalisation in Vancouver Social action these days are increasingly impervious to geographical national borders. As a result of this globalisation is not any one thing but is comprised of several interrelated economic, political, social, and cultural processes (Sklair 100).
By the same indication, globalisation processes are not driven by any universal or predetermined way. Further, as its name underscores, globalisation involves processes that span the whole world, the globe, and as such it is qualitatively different to the international relationships, migration patterns, and political communication that have long existed between countries.
Globalisation, as a result, necessitates a shift in sociological side from the tendency to think of society as simultaneous with, or happening within and between, definite geographical national territories. Even though, there is no sociological theory of globalisation in Vancouver B.C., different theoretical filaments help us to make analytical sense of what globalisation means for social change and societal processes in Vancouver.
Globalisation as the procedure of incorporating nations and people-politically, economically, and culturally- into better communities have shaped Vancouver B.C and this procedure are one which is not linear or incremental but “dynamic, transformational, and synergistic”.
Consequently just as Durkheim emphasised that society is greater than the sum of the individuals who are in it, globalisation should be perceived as being more than the cumulative sum of the Vancouver B.C. and the inhabitants comprising the city. It has its own certainty, and as such builds social processes and moral forces that cannot be reduced to the economic, political, or cultural actions in Vancouver B.C.
In Durkheimian terminology, globalisation represents an objective social fact with its own external and limiting force in society (though, evidently, this should translate globalisation as an independent of society or motivated by some unseen, non-societal force; rather it is formed by society and impacts other processes in society). As well as, further globalisation extends and impacts both macro and micro processes (Robertson 84).
What might be said to be synergistically new about globalisation in Vancouver B.C is the concurrent circulation and flow of people (migration); gender equality; and of information about all sorts of people.
Globalisation in Vancouver B.C. has changed the dynamics of social life across all societal globes. As briefly defined by Leslie Sklair, globalisation is “a system of organising social life across open state borders,” and as such gives rise to characteristically global practices and global cultural practices (8).
Immigration, race and ethnicity in Vancouver Vancouver has been the scene of a different class of settlement by an ever-extending range of inhabitants and cultures, particularly Asians, because of its position on the Pacific Rim. It is a city of migrants. With respect to its inherent nature, it is becoming the social development of Canada, contributing to a new cultural anxiety, one that is much less focused on Europe and the Europeans.
Evidence of this cultural change is easy to discover in the metropolis’s pan-Asian union landscape and Asian festivals, in its contributing place as an area for the teaching of English as a second language and in its attractive ethnic marginal political strategy of taking undeviating action to achieve a political or social goal (Frary 2009).
The union of these two advance states, the physical and the cultural, offers the first evidence to clarify Vancouver’s developing urban structure.
Immigration and the Changing Culture of Vancouver Throughout narrative description of past events, cities have been the dynamic midpoint of political, economic, and social transformation. Globalisation processes and the changes they create once again draws interest on the position of the city in society.
The “sharing of knowledge” via migration of people from a different culture is one of the major causes of cultural globalisation (Giddens 76). One way of thinking about the effect of the global sharing of race and ethnicity and of the culture it displaces, is the theory of global unification, introduced by Roland Robertson (1992).
He offered reasons and arguments: “Globalisation has to do with the act of changing location from one place to another as a whole in the direction of unification- meaning unity of the world as a single social and cultural place” (348).
In line with this, the region that would in due course become Vancouver was formerly populated by local people. These occupants were replaced by immigrants. The immense number of early colonial migrants came from Britain and Europe, but the Gold Rush of the middle of the nineteenth century and the building of the transcontinental railways in the 1860s and 1870s drew migrants from other parts of the globe, together with those from Indian and, most remarkably, Chinese ancestry.
The 1901 periodic count of the population announced that about 10 percent of Vancouver’s inhabitants were from Asia. The possibility, as a result of a favorable amalgamation of circumstances for immigration to Canada from Asian countries, was strictly reduced in the end of the nineteenth century and the mid-twentieth century. In the 1880s, an individual tax was forced on migrants from China, and the cost was gradually increased to decrease immigration.
This first effort to limit the ethnicity of migrants was succeeded by decrees that made it impossible to migrate from India to Vancouver B.C, and restrained the number of migrants from Japan.
In the 1920s, the Chinese individual tax was withdrawn in support of an absolute ban on this form of migration. However, the impact of this plan of action in Vancouver B.C. is worth mentioning. Early Chinese, Indian, and Japanese people of the same race and ethnicity began to increase in the years signifying the primary function that follows the main developmental change of the century in the city of Vancouver B.C.
Though, this natural disposition was limited by a new plan of action. At the same time as, the decrees restricting the capacity or freedom of action, as well as the ban of Asian migration were taking place, the federal government implemented strategies to draw migrants from Europe. As a result, the proportion of Asian group of people who differ ethnically or politically from the bigger populace to the Vancouver population dropped, plummeting from approximately 10 percent in 1901 to below 3 percent in 1941 (Hiebert 1999).
Undersized Chinese and Japanese enclosed territory that is culturally different from the unfamiliar territory that surrounds it continued to exist close to the city center, but the number of immigrants has drastically reduced in number, especially in considering the fast expanding European populace.
All through most of the twentieth century, Vancouver’s unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes the development of globalisation, immigration, race and ethnicity were directly linked with the resource of British Columbia. Furthermore, the city’s cultural masterpiece was distinctly European, Controlled or ruled by a British receptivity.
The changing context of the core-periphery world A fairly large distinguishing quality of the worlds’ system perception is that it distinguishes and, in reality, requires transformation within a system. Although the world system is an autonomous and consistent system (Wallerstein 347), it also has its own internally created pressures and challenges.
The passing of time, population change of location and demographic movements, and (following Marx) the ever-present challenge that belongs in capitalist production diversely result in recurring shifts as to which internal structures and groups have more power than others (347).
The structure of the capitalist world system, therefore, Wallerstein argues, is not set once and for all time by some watershed events in history. Geographical boundaries can develop such that areas external to the system can be included into it, typically into new outside edge or semi-periphery areas (mostly, historically, as a result of colonisation of peripheral areas).
By the same token, some regions may change their role in the system. Wallerstein Immanuel stated that such core territories can become semi-peripheral and semi-peripheral ones marginal (Wallerstein 350).
Although core states have an advantage over others, their status is not assured across a long period, and they necessarily encounter challenges.
In conclusion, it will be observed that this is a process which is neither seamless nor apolitical, and which is characterised by considerable economic disparities between and within countries and regions. Sociologists underscore that economic globalisation proceeds in tandem with the expansion of the power of transnational corporations and create new forms of class stratification, characterised by substantial inter-class social and economic inequalities.
Clearly, globalisation is of much substantive interest to sociologist, because on the surface, at least, globalisation is transforming the process of change in the society and the assumption made about the changes.
Works Cited Census 2006 Community Profiles. Vancouver, City and CMA”. Government of Canada. 2006. Print.
Frary, Mark. “Liveable Vancouver”. The Economist. 2009. Print.
Giddens, Anthony. The Consequences of Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990. Print.
Hiebert, Dorothy. “Immigration and the Changing Social Geography of Greater Vancouver.” BC Studies 121 1999: 35-82.
Millar, Royce. “No freeways puts Vancouver on top”. The Age Melbourne. 2006. Print.
Robertson, Roland. Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE, 1992. Print.
Sklair, Leslie. Globalization: capitalism and its alternatives. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2002. Print.
Wallerstein, Immanuel. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century, With a New Prologue. London, England: University of California Press, 2011. Print.
Health Care Reform Report a level english language essay help
Introduction Health care reform has remained to be an issue in the United States for the first time since 1994, when President Clinton proposed major reforms, there is provable consideration in reforming health care in America.
Research reported some constant challenges where unions of all influences are providing their own positions on the issue. Political activists and leaders are presenting concerns and solutions about these issues surrounding health care system. Some states have implemented different health care reforms and other states are on their way doing the same.
Interest in health care reforms is determined by three major issues, such as medical cover, cost, spending, and quality of health care services. With reference to coverage, it is estimated that above 50 million people were uninsured in 2007 and this makes up above one-seventh of the total population (Garber