Distinctive Physiological traits and behaviors coupled with the distinctive and unique biological formation basically associated and partaken in males and females of a certain autonomous species is what sex can be said to be (Helgeson 36).
Aggression on the hand is the behavior which is in most cases conceived so as to cause pain, harm, and damage between subjects who are of the same species. Males are generally regarded to be aggressive than females. The most supportive case is that most murders recorded in the world are known to have been committed by males.
Males also tend to express their aggression more physically than females. Males are more confronters than females as females are said to be more tolerable. Though they are relatively less aggressive, their aggression is most indirectly relieved through such psychological aggressions like rejection.
The gender differentiae theory, point out the major differences in aggression when gender is the determinant factor. The theory point out that in human beings men are more likely to partake in physical confrontations as opposed to women. When it comes to verbal aggression, men and women in most cases engage equally. Men and women have a tendency to express aggression differently from one another (Worell 453).
Women are said to perceive their aggression as brought in most cases by loss of self control and too much stress while men view aggressive events as necessitated positive events in taming and regulating those who question, undermine, and challenge their integrity or their valued self-esteem. Women feel remorseful and guilt conscience when involved in acts of aggression than their male counterparts.
The alternative aggression theory, points out that woman engage in indirect aggression more than men. These are gossiping, spreading of malicious character damaging rumors, backbiting and revelation of other people’s secrets without their consent or knowledge. A research was conducted in a college environment to find out: between adolescent boys and girls who engage in indirect aggression more, and the effects of age on aggression?
It was noted that when a certain girl’s request for a date was turned down by her male college mate she would result in gossiping and spreading of false rumors about the male college mate. However, males who were turned down on a date request would immediately get angry and some even became abusive then kept quiet and did not even want their peers to know and that was the end of the matter.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The case was also studied in a group situation. When two teenage girls were interested in the same man there was considerable animosity, although not like the kind of animosity that existed between two teen young boys who were interested in the same girl, the latter being high.
No teen boy wanted to concede defeat and sometimes there were exchange of blows and verbal abuse. When the study above was repeated for middle aged adults between age 25 and 40 years, it was observed that the hostility was less but competitiveness in men was still fierce.
When the case involved much older adults the level of aggressiveness had dropped in both male and female although the male were quite competitive with one another as similarly observed in the other studies.
When the two interested parties met, men were observed to get physical but the issue ended there after and later the same men would be seen laughing together sharing a drink or two. Women hostility toward fellow women was seen to increase compared to woman hostility toward men. However, the women involved would not settle the matter there and then. Backbiting and gossips were rampant. The woman who lost would go around gossiping about the man more than the woman because of jealous but hating the woman the more.
Four reasons were found to be the major cause for women to engage in indirect aggression. The first reason was found to be the acceptance of aggression by many societies’ cultures. The other reason is that, during their growth and development years, girls tend to receive negative and rebuking feedbacks concerning direct, physical aggression. For girls, indirect non physical aggression is therefore socially and conventionally accepted.
Social structure of play groups during childhood differ, compact, small and close relation ties are for girls while boys tend to form larger, less binding, and non committal groups. Therefore, the greater close ties in female social trends tend to favor passing and sharing of personal and confidential information in the process of the interaction.
Relativity in physical strengths differences also play a major role in the aggression behavioral, boys expect more success than girls in physical confrontations. Girls also naturally in most cases mature faster than boys thus it is speculated this leads to confidence and greater reliance early in life on the indirect aggression (Morgan 78).
We will write a custom Term Paper on Sex/Gender Differences in Aggression specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The research concluded that hostility in male and female decrease with age. Female hostility toward fellow female was more compared to that directed toward male. Where physical aggression was involved 80 percent of the involved were male as compared to female 20 percent. Where indirect aggression like false rumors was observed 70percent of the involved were women as compared to 30 percent male. Where verbal abuse was involved it was observed that both men and women were almost at par.
After duration of time majority of males used to remember the physical aggression and likewise where rejection and emotional manipulation was involved the women never forgot. Aggression toward both sexes increase from childhood up to teenage level then decrease in the subsequent years.
However, male aggression toward male counterparts remained the very high no matter the age bracket especially where a woman was involved. More than a thousand people from different areas, were involved in the research, thus the result portrayed universalism.
The human emotionality theory propagates that women and men tend to be very different especially in terms of emotions, they think differently hence tend to react to various issues differently, thus different aggression reactions. Men are described and portrayed to be very linear- they take the shortest way or route to solving their problems what is called hitting the nail on the head.
On the other hand, women are said to think more conventionally, globally and take time first to consider and contemplate the bigger picture. This makes men to be more temperament and aggressive while women tend to be more reserved and less physically aggressive (Turner 45).
Biologically, gender difference in the use of aggression especially that which is direct start appearing in human beings at the tender age of two years and increase all through a child’s life and adolescence. The society also determines the way aggression is precipitated and handled. Psychologically in instances of war boys tend to be recruited in large numbers to fight in the war.
Those that are exposed to war situations tend to lose their human feelings of compassion and mercy and in turn tend to be more aggressive and unbearable. Women in war situations are raped and sexually abused. This creates deep animosity and contempt for men. The raped woman is psychologically disoriented and tends to think of all men as evil.
This creates fierce aggression towards other male and due to the emotional trauma, the woman in context tend to be cautious of men even a simple touch by a man startles her. Men on the other hand tend to develop deep and greater hate to all that catch the eye, in a way situation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sex/Gender Differences in Aggression by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Men tend to forget and get past emotional aggression more easily than physical aggression. This is the opposite of a woman as women tend to get past and forget physical transgressions than emotional transgressions.
In case of sexual infidelity men get more violent when they catch their partners in the act of physical sexual intercourse as opposed to when they find their partner has been emotionally involved with another person.
However, women act totally the opposite. She gets more hurt and result to aggressive acts when she realizes her partner has been emotionally connected to another person besides her rather than when she finds her partner in bed with another person. These differences are accounted by the gender differences where men are more physically aggressive while women are more emotionally aggressive.
Same gender aggression has been said to be higher than involving opposite sex aggression. The stronger and mightier males tend to physically dominate their weaker counterparts. Female tend to isolate one another and engage in indirect aggression like gossips.
The unusual finding is that nowadays women tend to have more male friends than female friends; they view fellow women as jealous, nagging, and not straight forward. Unlike females men tend to keep long friendships, childhood friends are maintained up to adulthood in men than in women.
This is so as men tend to be more physically aggressive than indirectly while women are the opposite. This trait helps men to solve personal differences more often than women who keep personal differences to themselves only to release them through indirect methods like mockery, which in turn lead to the breaking of friendships.
Due to the higher rate of maturity in women, a woman of the same age with a man is able to handle more stress and confronting issues than the man. This enables women to cope well with men older than them unlike men who when with women older than them look a bit inexperienced and immature. Females are also more accommodative than males.
This is seen where many men especially in Africa and Arab world marry more than one wife and exist in harmony. It is very hard to find a woman with more than one husband living and co-existing under the same roof.
This is also clearly demonstrated in animals where you find in a pack of lions, there is only one male and numerous lionesses. Males tend to aggressively chase and sometimes kill their other male counterparts. Aggression based on gender can thus be seen to be dependant on many issues; some innate and others are societal instigated (Nichols, Graber., Brooks.,
Quick Essay 1 Essay essay help: essay help
Please answer the following questions in 500 words, no more no less!
Just as we have seen globalization is not a new thing but rather a concept in existence for centuries, colonialism is not simply a thing of the past. Many authors point to colonial relationships around us everyday in the form of what we call “settler” colonialism.
For this essay please (1) discuss at least one example of current colonialism and (2) use Cesiare and the film Life and Debt to support your use of the term colonialism in this example.
Please be sure to support your argument with appropriate quotes.
The essays will be graded based on three main criteria: meeting the 500 word requirement (can you plan and be concise); argument and support (do you make a clear and well supported point); use of text (can you show me you really did the reading).
Markets and Economy Analysis Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Federal budget deficit and recession
Adjustments in wages and prices and equilibrium
Marketable pollution permits and the command-and-control system
GDP per capita and its weaknesses
Introduction A government has the role to regulate all the economic activities to ensure stability and safety of all resources that are available. It is important that government leaders should embrace better policies of promoting the welfare of the people.
The GDP computation applied in measuring economic position in a country have their strengths and weaknesses and a lot of care should be taken to ensure the success of a country is well accounted for.
On the other hand, controlling pollution is an important strategy that a government should adopt to protect the resources available in a country. Government should embark on protecting the available resources and improving the welfare of its citizens by introducing better policies.
Federal budget deficit and recession A budget deficit occurs when a government’s expenditure exceeds the income generated from the economy. As such, the government spends more income than it generates from its economic activities.
When the government experiences a budget deficit, borrowings increase to fill the gap between expenditures and incomes. During a recession the government generates lower incomes while expenses increase and this causes the need to borrow either internally or externally.
A recession occurs when the economy is performing poorly to an extent that the income generated from economic activities is too low to sustain the people and the government. A budget deficit can be used during a recession to stabilize the economy by increasing the government expenditure to ensure that more money is available for investment.
An increase in government expenditure will; result into an increase in the amount of money available for investment and this will help solve the problem of recession. When a government employs more resources, more income is generated and the money in circulation increases. More investments are made when the money available is increased and this will help resolve the problem of recession (Minsky, 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Adjustments in wages and prices and equilibrium Wages and prices have an effect on the market equilibrium such that a given change on the wages will have an impact on the prices of products offered in the market.
Wages are part of the costs incurred in the production process and producers apply these costs to determine the total costs of producing each unit. The cost of wages reflects on the prices attached to each item because producers must factor all the costs incurred in the production process.
The short-run equilibrium is achieved when wages and prices change without affecting the demand and supply of goods and services. The law of demand provides that man increase in the prices causes a decline in the quantity demanded for commodities in a competitive market.
Changes in the prices of commodities will affect the market equilibrium. Market equilibrium is a state which happens when the consumers are ready to purchase commodities offered in the market at a given prices and at the same time the producers are wiling to offer such products at that given price.
The short-run and long-run equilibrium in the market are achieved when the prices and wages are adjusted at a given margin. When producers adjust the wages, the prices affected and this shifts the market equilibrium (Mankiw, 2008).
Marketable pollution permits and the command-and-control system Marketable pollution permits are provided to companies such that they are allowed to release a given amount of pollutants into the atmosphere. These permits are provided to industries to enable reduce the level of pollution. The permits are renewable and this allows companies to continuously reduce the level of pollutants released from the production process.
On the other hand, the government uses command-and-control system by issuing regulations about how companies should control the amount of pollutants they release to the environment and making follow-up programs to ensure that companies do not deviate from the provisions of the laws (Davies and Mazurek, 1998).
We will write a custom Essay on Markets and Economy Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Marketable pollution permits are cheaper to implement because industries are issued with specific regulations which they should adhere to. This causes a higher concentration of polluted areas because companies can purchase and renew the permits. A command-and-control system is more efficient in controlling pollution in a given area because companies are restricted from releasing any pollutants in a given area.
The command-and-control system does not allow companies to purchase or renew their permits and this provides complete restriction on the amount of pollutants released into the environment. A government incurs more costs in regulating the level of pollution when the marketable pollution system is implemented than when the command-and-control system is applied (Davies and Mazurek, 1998).
GDP per capita and its weaknesses Many countries use GDP as a measure of the economic progress however this does not reflect the true wellbeing of the people of a nation. An increase in GDP may be accompanied by a discriminative distribution of resources such that the gap between the poor and the rich is wide.
In addition, GDP does not account for informal market systems which may not be captured by the measures applied. For example, the role of housewives is not accounted for in the GDP calculation; however, these people contribute towards generation of income in an economy.
There are illegal income leakages, such as corruption, smuggling, and others that are experienced in an economy which cause an increase in the GDP whereas such systems are not easy to account for (Kingsbury, 2007).
In my own view, the factors which should be included in the computation of GDP are the gap between the rich and poor. Income distribution is an important factor to consider because an increase in GDP may be as a result of an expansion in the gap.
An improvement in GDP should consider the position of the poor in the economy such that the welfare of the people should be considered when the gap decreases. Secondly, all informal market systems should be accounted for when computing the GDP of a country.
Lastly, all illegal systems of income generation should be well monitored to ensure that there is no leakage on the incomes generated in an economy (Kingsbury, 2007).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Markets and Economy Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion Budget deficits are effective methods of regulating inflation in an economy because they provide more investment opportunities. This generates more income for the people and eventually a country is able to solve the problem of inflation.
It has also been established that use of marketable pollution permits allows companies to increase the amount of pollutants they release in a given area compared to command-and-control system of pollution regulation.
Lastly, GDP has been explained as a poor method of measuring the welfare of people in a country and governments should implement other tools to accurately measure the adjustments in the success of their economies.
References Davies, J. C. and Mazurek, J. (1998). Pollution control in the United States: evaluating the system. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
Kingsbury, D. (2007). Political development. New York, NY: Routledge.
Mankiw, N. G. (2008). Principles of economics. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
Minsky, H. P. (2008). Stabilizing an unstable economy. Yale, McGraw-Hill Professional.
Wisconsin Senate to Vote on Anti-Union Bill Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
The protesters are opposed to a legislation that will deny them labor rights by stripping them of their collective bargaining rights through workers union.
The worker’s rights in Wisconsin are protected by the Federal legislation of 1936 that caters for County and Municipal workers while the nonfederal workers in Wisconsin are protected by the 1959 similar legislation. This legislation has been useful in championing for the rights of workers and bargaining for better payments for the nonfederal employees.
The introduction of an anti-union proposal, which curtails the collective bargaining for state, county, and local workers with exception of the police, firefighters and state patrol, has led to mass protests. The bill introduced a week earlier by Governor Scott Walker, passed through the Legislative budget committee amid opposition from the Democrats committee members and now the bill is destined for voting in the Assembly and the Senate.
The labor history of Wisconsin is set to undergo major changes as Walker and the GOP has majority numbers in both the Assembly and the Senate. The Democrats, due to their inferior numbers have been powerless to stop the bill with Sen. Bob Jauch D-Poplar raising an alarm over the impact the bill will have on democratic process.
The proposed bill limits the workers union’s collective bargaining rights and makes workers to contribute to the pension scheme and health insurance cover. President Barrack Obama feels that eliminating the worker’s union bargaining role is not a good move but acknowledges that budget cuts are necessary.
The bill will lead to a rise in employee’s contributions to the pension scheme and healthcare insurance cover. The unions still represent workers but their role is limited and cannot seek pay increment above the Consumer Price Index terms. The legislation prevents the unions from deducting the employees any monthly contributions and has a provision that the unions should conduct elections annually in a bid to improve their performance.
The bill has majority support, as most of the senators are Republicans both in the Senate and in the Assembly. The bill sailed easily through the Legislative committee, as majority of the members are Republicans.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Walker supports the legislation as the best effort to solve the current economic crisis to help in the running of state operations including prisons.
The legislation protects the workers against any layoffs and retrenchments by organizations but does not allow the unions to negotiate on behalf of the workers concerning their plight. In an attempt to solicit for the worker’s union support for the bill, Walker indicated that he would advocate for massive loss of employment of state workers.
The Legislative committee Wednesday recommended a number of changes to the proposed bill. It has for a provision on how public workers should extend their grievances. The legislation offers for the establishment of a body with an oversight role to oversee the privatization of public power plants.
However, the proposed legislation faces public opposition characterized by many protests against it. Many protesters opposed to the bill filled the Wisconsin state Capitol prior to its passage into law. Huge crowds of protesters, mostly teachers and school-going children, assembled outside the Senate Chamber on to demonstrate against the passage of the bill.
Schools remained closed as students and teachers joined the protesters. The protesters also included university students who kept a nightlong vigil ahead of the bill’s passage day.
Computer-based Learning and Virtual Classrooms Essay writing essay help
E learning is a wide range of processes that include computer-based learning and virtual classrooms that is received and sent through the Internet, audio and videotape, satellite broadcast, CD-ROM, and intranets. We can generally term it as electronic means of communication, education, and training.
E-learning adds technology to instructions and also utilizes technologies to advance potential new approaches to the teaching and learning process. However, e-learners need to be prepared in the case of a technology failure which is the most common challenge faced in e-learning.
There is need to plan strategies to enable learners become successfull online learners. The learners should come up with time management strategies to enable them to cope up with assignment deadlines. Developing skills on effective use of technology is an essential strategy to having a successful online learning; such strategies include technology plan and e-mail skills, which are very useful when using the computer to research, type using Microsoft word software, save in storage devices and even send the work via e-mail.
It is important that learners develop a personal technology contingency plan to help during technology failure. The contingency plan includes having an alternative computer in case the primary computer being used fails and power back up systems that supply the computer with battery energy incase of frequent electricity failures.
E-learners need to install antivirus and anti-spyware software to protect their computers against virus, malware, Trojan horses, and spyware that are approved to harm and break down computers (Watkins
Letter to Advocate Change in Inappropriate Language Argumentative Essay argumentative essay help
The HR Department.
I have recently noticed that some employees in the company are using inappropriate language at the workplace. The behavior has been going on in the company for some time now, but yesterday, I realized that it has reached an alarming level when an employee casually used fowl language during our board meeting, and when scolded, he simply giggled and went back to his seat without offering any apology to those present.
By fowl language, I mean inappropriate language that may be offensive, sexist, vulgar, racist, or discriminatory.
The problem has been entrenched into the organization such that only a few employees ever complain when a colleague uses inappropriate language, and new employees are quickly pulled into the system as soon as they join the organization. Hardly five minutes elapses before an employee uses a swear word, and nobody ever complains or reports.
Just the other day, we were at the office during the tea break when suddenly, the head of the ICT department came out his office swearing at the local internet service provider for disconnecting the services yet he had sent them a bill a day earlier. Perhaps the bill had not been received or maybe the ISP Company erred, but this did not warrant the use of such strong derogatory words.
When a leader uses such bad language, the likelihood that his juniors will adopt the same language is high. This is exactly what is happening in our organization: junior employees are picking up their leaders’ habits and the trend goes on.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Inappropriate language not only includes vulgar or derogatory language, but includes any word aimed at fellow employees with the intention of hurting them. For example, sometime last week, I heard a male employee refer to a female employee as ‘baby’.
Such language qualifies as sexist language and is a form of sexual harassment against our female staff. This is not an isolated case, instances of sexual harassment and the use of discriminative language against employees are so rampant.
For a company that prides itself of respecting workers rights, I find it annoying that such acts are taking place in our organization right under everyone’s nose. These are only a few examples, like a water drop in the lake. If you could take your time and spend just a few hours in our office, you will get the true picture of the situation.
Effects on the Staff and Organization Use of inappropriate language at the workplace seriously hampers teamwork among staff thereby leading to a drop in the productivity. However, when it is widespread as in our organization, it can dent the organization’s image and undermine the ethical code of conduct expected of all employees.
Besides, we could lose qualified personnel because of resignations, pay the legal costs harassment if taken to court and found guilty, and even the settlement fee. When it comes to sexist or discriminative language, the consequences are much more serious. Sexual harassment literally affects everyone in an organization, from the organization, victim, and fellow employees.
On the victims, sexual harassment leads to a decrease in output at work and an increase in team disagreements, absence from work to avoid harassment, decreased job happiness, loss of trust among co-workers, and retaliatory actions. Besides, conditions such as stress and depression, anxiety, shame and difficulty in concentration may set in.
Therefore, we must take action immediately to save the situation before it runs out hand. Did you know that under the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, it is illegal to discriminate against an employee in any way whatsoever? Besides, any form of workplace harassment contravenes Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
We will write a custom Essay on Letter to Advocate Change in Inappropriate Language specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Preventing Inappropriate Language In order to combat the use of inappropriate language among our workers, we will have to shift from ethnocentrism to cultural relativism (Chap. 2, Pg. 72). Such a move will enable us to see the deficiency in our culture. We shall enact a number of legislation, some of which had been enacted yet no one cares to follow.
We will enact legislations that prohibit the use of inappropriate language within our buildings and any employee who goes against this legislation will receive a warning, and on subsequent breaking of the rule, a staff member will be placed on probation. Extreme cases of inappropriate language will automatically lead to dismissal: we would rather lose a single employee rather than put the whole organization at risk.
Our policy will be clear on how to report culprits, investigation, and the punishments. The organization must take serious measures on all complaint of inappropriate language. Besides, we will ensure the privacy of those who report their fellow workers to prevent any retaliations, and to improve the work environment. We will also monitor the workplace routinely and to talk freely to workers to determine any issues affecting them.
These plans will only work if the employees understand the importance of working together, therefore, we shall organize team building events after every three months during which workers will trained on cultural and gender sensitivity.
If successfully implemented, this strategy will be a success since employees will feel the importance of proper workplace communication. However, success will not come overnight, as stated in the course book (Chap. 2, Pg. 73), culture is learned and it begins with the understanding of the importance of other cultures and the admission of our culture’s shortcomings. Cultural knowledge will be instilled through team building and training events.
Abigail Adams in American Revolution Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Life History of Abigail Adams
Abigail as Women’s Rights Advocate
Abigail under the Influence of Her Husband’s Fame
Introduction Abigail Adams was a public figure in America in the late eighteenth century and the early nineteenth century. Among the outstanding stories written on her name is the fact that she was a wife to an American president and later a mother to an American president, a legacy shared with only one other woman in America.
This paper seeks to discuss Abigail Adams as a famous woman in her American times and whether or not her fame was due to her husband’s legacy or due to her own making. The paper will look at the life history of Abigail, her achievements as a woman and her husband’s influence over her outstanding status.
Life History of Abigail Adams Abigail Adams was born to William Smith on November eleventh in the year 1744. Her father was a religious leader and it is noted that her mother descended from lineage of highly regarded personalities in church among them, Quincy Elizabeth. Her family lived in Weymouth, Massachusetts among the Puritan settlers.
Abigail who was Smith’s second daughter did not have the opportunity to attend school. An excuse is given to her health which is claimed to have been unstable. She was however keen and learned a lot of things through observations. She also did some home reading, a fact that to an extent might have enlightened her.
Abigail got married to John Adams in the year 1764 and once again devoted her life to domestic life. The revolutionary war marked an empathetic emotion in her life as she felt the pain and suffering that people especially women went through in the event of war (American Revolution 1).
According to Gale, it was not Abigail alone who never went to school in the area at that period of time. It was common that women only had basic education and their primary focus according to the then traditions was to marriage. She however possessed outstanding personal qualities that made her adorable. Adams, who was later to become her husband, described her as “prudent, modest, delicate, soft sensible, obliging and active” (Gale 1).
In her marriage, she was active in the domestic chores taking care of the servant’s supervision, dealing with accounts records besides the household duties. She interestingly managed to have five children within a time span of eight years. She took the responsibility of being supportive to her husband as Adams was elected into congress (Gale 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lewis Johnson also expresses Abigail as a woman who participated in advocating for women’s rights in her writings though they were letters to her husband which could otherwise be taken to be husband and wife talks. She through her extensive reading became outstanding in administration and financial management of the affairs of their firm. She lived in their home for most of her marriage life where she managed her family (Lewis 1).
The appointment of her husband Mr. Adams to vice presidency elevated her to publicity in different circumstances. Her husband’s presidency further opened her way to fame as a complement to the president’s career as well as a talented woman. Her talent was majorly exhibited in writing (American Revolution 1).
Abigail as Women’s Rights Advocate Abigail is recorded to have raised issues with her husband over rights of the American women. She is recorded to have urged her husband in a number of letters that he together with the other legislators was supposed to empower women into leadership. In one of her letters in 1776, she is recorded to have implored Mr. Adams that together with the congress, they ought to think about women and incorporate them in the government.
She expressed her dissatisfaction over the former generations whom she described as having been mean and unfavorable to the women. She advocated against unlimited power in the hands of men accusing them of being tyrant if they had an opportunity. She was even categorical to threaten that that they, as women, would form a rebellion if no consideration was given to their empowerment.
The passive advocacy in her letters could still be considered as constructive owing to the fact that her husband was an important in the administrative figure in the country’s administration. He was important in that in the moments that followed, he rose to become the country’s vice president and then later the president.
If he therefore influenced women empowerment policies, then the policies could as well be attributed to his wife Abigail (Adams et Al. 7). Abigail is also counted by O’Connor as one of the figures in gender and women’s leadership. He recounts that Abigail was one of the early advocates as she wrote to her husband over the issue.
He also brings out the view that contrary to the traditional opinion that leadership was a career for men, a new face was experienced where women came out and took part in measures that were to bring change. The first of this change was according to him first noted in Abigail as she made it to her husband that the plight of women had to be taken into consideration (O’Connor 61).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Abigail Adams in American Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Contrary to the soft approach of Abigail’s advocacy by some writers, Gelles claimed that “the most famous advocate of women’s rights” was Abigail. Gelles noted that Abigail did not submit to all views of her husband but rather was an integral influence in much of the decisions that her husband made in the political arena (Gelles 1). She was not pleased when her husband ignored her activism and this provoked her into a “feminist activist”.
She then started soliciting for support from other sources like Mercy Warren. She is also noted to have challenged Thomas Jefferson over women’s rights. Her efforts to liberate women are therefore seen to have gone beyond the domestic or rather family discussions with her husband (Gelles 9).
Abigail under the Influence of Her Husband’s Fame It is notable that Abigail’s role in advocating for women’s rights was just but one of the reasons that rose her to fame. The fact that she was the wife to the vice president and later the president was a credit enough to give her fame. The presidency is a highly celebrated position and in her husband’s capacity, she was elevated to the eyes of the whole nation.
She would then be regarded among women and even publicized in her activities. The position would also put her into contact with influential personalities across the country who visited her husband. These among other things could have as well enhanced her fame (America 1; Abigail 1).
Conclusion Abigail having been born in a generation where women were disregarded and not educated fought her way through unstable health into basic education. She got married to John Adams who later became the vice president then president of the United States.
She tried to influence her husband into making reforms that would value the status of women in the country and in her failure at this level advanced to collaborate with others in the fight. She later took a stern position challenging even president Jefferson over the issue.
Much regard can therefore be made to her initiative in the initial stages of the fight for the rights of women rather than her capacity as a wife to a president. This is because the effects of the fight was and still is felt and appreciated among many more than her being the wife of a president. Her fame is therefore more attributed to the women’s right activism.
Works Cited Abigail et al. The book of Abigail and John. New York, NY: Cengage, 2002. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Abigail Adams in American Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More America. Abigail Smith Adams: Remember the Ladies. America, 2008. Web..
American Revolution. Abigail Adams. American Revolution, n.d. Web..
Gale, C. Women’s history. Gale Cengage Learning, 1996. Web.
Gelles, Belle. Portia: the world of Abigail Adams. Bloomington: Indian university press, 1995. Print.
Lewis, Johnson. Abigail Adams. Women History, 2011. Web..
O’Connor, Karen. Gender and Women’s Leadership. New York, NY: SAGE, 2010. Print.
Least Developed Countries Analytical Essay college admission essay help
Internal Conflict Connection between Colonialism and Status of Collective Identity Development
The impact of colonialism on ethnic group identity and the emergence of discrepancies between groups should not be underestimated in developing countries, specifically in post-colonial ones. In particular, the colonial past significantly contributes to ethnic discords as many antagonistic groups were reunited into a single colony whereas some individual tribes were divided between several future countries.
Such situation is typical of the countries in Asia, Africa and Middle East where colonial powers often ignited ethnic disputes by directing particular groups against each other. In other words, they resort to a “divide and conquer” tactics to take control of the local population.
According to Handelman, “[g]iven the enormous number of tribal groups in Africa, even if the European powers had shown greater ethnic sensibility, many multiethnic nations would have inevitably developed” (99). With regard to this, the multiethnic countries with colonial past are more inclined to develop a strong sense of collective identity within a particular ethnic or tribal group.
The European colonialism has contributed to a number of conflicts emerged among the African and Asian nations. The colonial divisions led to serious conflicts and deaths based on cultural and ethnical frictions. This particularly concerned the lands of East Timor that was withdrawn by Portugal and attached by neighboring Indonesia against the local population’s will (Handelman 100).
The same tensions were undertaken by the African ethnic groups. In general, the colonial past has left the trace of ethnic hostility between ethnic groups and has contributed to the development of chauvinistic ideology.
Defining Three Theories of Ethnic Identity Development and Origin Regarding Ethnic Conflicts
There are three major theories of ethnic development and origin that explain the emergence of conflicts between racial, ethnic, tribal, and nationality groups: modernization theory, dependency theory, and globalization theory. All these theories consider positive and negative aspects of different phenomena influencing ethnic identity development.
With regard to the above, modernization theorists are inclined to think that such factors as “literacy, urbanization, and modern values” can “mobilize various ethnic groups and set them against each other” (Handelman 114). Despite optimistic forecasts established before, these factors can become the main stumble block for the conflicting groups.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to dependency theory, ethnical conflict can arise from countries’ colonial past. In particular, the time of European colonialism was marked by the struggle of ethnic groups in Asia and Africa for independence. During the post-colonial period, the previously suppressed ethnic antagonisms came to the forth. Living in a new political order, theses groups are now fighting for state resources, such as schools, roads, and other important issues.
Finally, the globalization theorists tend to believe that this process of integration can contribute to the homogenization of all existing cultures in the world. However, this assumption is not valid as many ethnic and cultural tensions have emerged as a result of the imposition of global culture and suppression of local ethnicity.
Analyzing Wrong Assumptions Concerning a Positive Influence of Democratization on Ethnic Conflict with the Help of Pluralism Model
The rise of democracy all over the world has caused the opposite reaction. Despite the fact that a 1985-1995 period was marked by leverage of rates of countries making transition to democracy, this temporary euphoria was terminated due to the consequences the process brought.
Furthermore, the emergence of democracy as a result of modernization process has caused mixed outlooks toward this phenomenon that was retreated in many post-colonial countries. The problem is that “…democracy is most likely to emerge and survive when certain social and cultural conditions are in place” (Ingehart and Welzel 7).
Alternatively, ignorance of cultural issues will not positively contribute to modernization process in the developing countries. The decline of democracy has been observed worldwide due to the fact that developing countries are now less convinced that liberal democracy is the best way to an optimistic future.
Identifying Three Characteristics of Military Institutions That Enable Coups D’état
While discussing the character and nature of military intervention, political science resorts to two opposite perspectives. The first one is focused on the basic characteristics of the military institutions whereas the second one is connected with the analysis of a wider political environment in which the armed forces operate.
In order to understand what features trigger the emergence of coups d’état, it is necessary to outline the main features of military institutions (Handelman 246). First, the majority of military institutions tend to be socially and internally cohesive.
We will write a custom Essay on Least Developed Countries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Specifically, they should be able successfully intervene in domestic economy and generate stable political leadership. Regarding the ideological orientation of the armed forces enabling coups d’état, it should be noted that the majority of military intervention bears a right-wing character, though the coup itself is politically neutral.
Finally, due to the fact that the coup may not involve masses of people to cease the power, the military intervention should come from the government itself. In other words, the armed forces should have a direct access to governmental institutions allowing them to have a potential influence on the state.
Discussing the Difference between Theories Arguing That “Middle Class Is a Stabilizing Force” Being a Buffer against Military Interventionism and Theories Employing Economic Explanation for Military Intervention
Among theories withdrawing the necessity of military interventions believe that middle class can act as buffer against military intervention. At the same time, there are more conservative theories explaining the necessity to enhance the security system of the country and insure peaceful existence of the world society (Handelman 254).
Though these two schools of thoughts seem to be strictly opposed to each other, there is still a connection between those. Like conservative military institutions, liberal movements seek to ensure country for safety and economical stability where a consistent and strong military framework serves as a solid foundation for country’s security (Handelman 267).
At the same time, they also believe that middle class can hamper the process of military intervention because they stand closer to the armed forces and they realize that their enactment would bring no benefit to the globalized community.
Another common thing about both theoretical movements is that both approaches are congruent with the necessity to proliferate democracy and protection of human right and theories. This particularly concerns democracy peace theories arguing that there should be equality of human rights all over the world irrespective of economic level.
The major contrast between the presented theoretical frameworks lies in the methods and strategies they use to achieve their goals. In particular, liberal theorists are more prone to use peaceful methods of intervention believing that each group has the right to receive aid. In their turn, conservative theorists believe that military intervention should be carried out irrespective of the group needs, but with reliance on the situation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Least Developed Countries by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Ingehart, Ronald, and Welzel, Christian. How Development Leads to Democracy: What We Know about Modernization. In Robert Griffiths. Annual Editions: Developing World. 11/12. US: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.
Handelman, Howard. Challenge of Third World Development. US: Longman. 2009. Print.
US National Security and Foreign Policy Research Paper essay help: essay help
John Quincy notes in one of his famous excerpts that “America does not go abroad in terms of monsters to destroy. She is the well-wisher to Freedom and independence of all” (Horowitz 20). Such a statement leaves a lot to be desired in the minds of Americans and the world at large.
There are mixed public reactions on the 21st Century U.S foreign policy which may not be purely classified into any singly known international relations theory.
Besides, a sharp contrast between the Obama administration and that of his predecessor, George W. Bush is evident when the two administrations are compared. Hence, the hot pursuit to adopt a comprehensive realist/liberalist international relations theory is eminent and cannot be ignored either. The contemporary U.S foreign policy on National Security undoubtedly appears to strike a balance between realism and liberalism.
A critical and more pragmatic argument can be directed towards Obama’s attempt to move the U.S troops out of Iraq. He has equally been emphatic on the need to uphold the dignity of international organizations. Varied criticisms have followed with some perceiving it as a replica of Bush administration while others feeling that this is in favor of U.S capitalistic ideology.
To be precise however, proponents of this power strategy may see it as the most adept means of harmonizing foreign policy in a world which is politically at quagmire. This paper contrasts classic realism and liberalism with U.S foreign policy on National Security and whether the implications that can be drawn from the John Quincy statement are consistent with the demands of U.S National Security in the 21st century.
The global political ideologies and especially those touching foreign policies cannot be debated effectively without exploring their empirical influence. The exposition of the US foreign policy on national security is a worthy illustration of an international policy deeply infiltrating into nations of the world.
There has been growing global debate on such issues as the impacts of globalization, climate change and global warming as well as terrorism. The U.S government has played an upper hand in what most political analysts would call unrealistic and pre-eminent encroachment on private matters of other countries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this respect, United States has taken a global dimension in emerging socio-political and economic issues. Moreover, even as the debate on the adopted national security policies heightens, less has been addressed in modern studies of political science.
Is the world conscious of this so called U.S foreign protectionist policy towards the less fortunate and disadvantaged nations? Or is the U.S foreign policy proposition beyond cheap publicity and primacy as purported by the opponents? Can this aggression towards foreign policy be empirically measured?
Realism, so to speak, would focus on the genuine creation of a justified, free and open administrative structures void of any form of coercion, intimidation or corrupted and misinterpreted rule of law.
It would also gear itself towards promotion of such systems politically perceived by majority as democratic (Lieber 29). Various forms of power that are cherished in democracy are exercised here and they are not limited to cultural, economic and technological power. The key objective in a realistic structure is to build, enhance and promote rather than subduing the weaker ones.
The means of harnessing power does not matter whatsoever provided that the accrued benefits belong to the state. In a sharp contrast though, the Obama administration may not be leaving an imprint of an indelible mark. As a result, it sharply contrasts with the Quincy statement that elevates the U.S policy on National Security as fair and justifies.
On the other hand, National Security that touches on liberalism primarily focuses on the initiation, care and universal promotion of liberal democratic governments which do not abet unjust human practices in disguise of security. There is inevitably strong foundation for the rule of law as well as in-fights among mature democracies like that of U.S. According to Walt (95), the 1980s witnessed a serious aggression between the U.S and the Soviet Union owing to the enmity that communism brought.
The political ideology of communism was a big threat to the Americans at this time. Ronald Reagan, a soldier during cold war was then implored by U.S to go to Washington and divert any possible threat that could be posed by communism.
We will write a custom Research Paper on US National Security and Foreign Policy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Even as this was happening, the United States was highly alarmed at how Japan was growing economically. Unfortunately, Japan’s economic strategies failed and as a result, its economy slumped while U.S “…enjoyed eight years of robust economic growth…” (Walt 98). In a nut shell, U.S was in a hectic search for allies, bearing in mind that it had gained the super power status by this time.
It deployed a policy of “fit or quit” by embracing those who gave it support and punishing the “rogue ones”. Up to date, U.S has tirelessly and consistently attempted to persuade and convince several countries to acknowledge their “liberal capitalist world order” (Walt 108).
Recent events have shed more light on this debate. For example, the historical September 11, 2001 attack of the twin towers was a wake-up call in U.S; probably in the wrong direction altogether. Some political scientists referred to it as the “power of weakness” in the sense that the weapon that was used to shake this world power was merely a box cutter and a fellow ready to sacrifice his life.
This was like an impotent attack which surprisingly left too much pain and terror in this nation. How then did U.S react to this? Was the attack a national or global affair? The nation developed a desire to have full control of the terrorists and terror countries. Besides, it aimed at assimilating technological advancement for the sole purpose of solidifying its own power in the pretext of foreign policy. AS Garret (148) observes, the U.S government continued to act smart by playing lip service to democracy.
In addition, the U.S government was quite relieved when Communism collapsed. This meant one thing: its expansionist plan would be right on track, spreading its tentacles far and wide and upholding the super power status. Sincerely, this was about power, influence, control and dominance.
The U.S invasion of Iraq over the alleged weapons of mass destruction and consequent execution of Saddam Hussein was a vivid impact of its foreign policy on National Security. Lieber (231) notes that there are many advantages enjoyed when power and supremacy are on board. The very policy was adopted by U.S prior to the Iraqi War on terror.
The author further expounds that power does not guarantee influence all the time. It is the very reason why US did not get the simple majority support in the Iraqi War. The nine out of fifteen votes could not be reached by the U.N Security Council to allow this super power stamp its authority on Iraq.
Surprisingly, even those countries who were mostly assisted by U.S like Chile and Mexico were reluctant to offer their support. This must have been a lesson to the U.S sycophants and political technocrats. According to MacLean, the infamous foreign policies are trivial ideologies to harness power, primacy and influence (123).
Not sure if you can write a paper on US National Security and Foreign Policy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The fact that U.S has a veto power, she went ahead and attacked Iraq. This was a “foreign policy” that left thousands of innocent Iraqis in dire need of humanitarian assistance. The innocent civilians are yet to come to terms with the crisis that followed after the war.
What about the U.S allegations that Saddam was harboring weapons of mass destruction? Indeed, he was later executed on the basis of these claims. Surprisingly, the label ‘weapons of mass destruction’ has not been proved to date. The world is still skeptical why the Bush administration attacked Iraq.
In order to further explore the validity of Quincy’s statement, it is imperative to investigate the politics of constructivism in relation to National Security.
It will assist in shedding more light to the emerging, yet ever changing conventional practices related to human rights, sovereign status of democracies and the application of justice (Fukuyama 176). Nonetheless, has the Obama administration been on the persuasive end to solicit for international support as a power pyramid plan? Some proponents of these foreign policies may perhaps be right.
However, strategic foreign policy agenda that is free of political undertones is a welcome idea. Lieber argues that “…a grand strategy put into practice can be as important as the substance of that strategy…” (86). If the U.S foreign policy on National Security is anything to go by, then the empirical outcome of these strategies should be applauded by all and sundry.
Mandelbaum provokes some thoughtful insight when he asserts that “if United States provides useful…services…to the world, why does…foreign policy provoke such frequent, widespread and bitter criticism?” (XVIII). The author further elaborates the September 11 terrorist act which was overwhelmingly condemned by U.S. Although acts of terror are as old as mankind, this appeared as the climax of all acts of terrorism in U.S history.
The underlying rationale why the Al Qaeda launched this terror move was to topple the Saudi Arabia monarch in power which was a close associate of the U.S.
What about the Obama administration? Does it uphold the salient features of the John Quincy statement? Firstly, the Obama administration has often reiterated that Islam is not a foe and that the war on terrorism has nothing to do with Islam as a religion.
Besides, the incumbent President has reiterated the need for U.S to watch iver the development of weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear bombs. There are myriad foreign policies touching on security as stipulated in the current administrative structure.
Notwithstanding this noble security plan by Obama administration, there is still some relentless pursuit by the very government to disarm its eastern foes. The rationale is unclear but there are doubts about Obama administration having followed in the footsteps of its predecessor.
The U.S government and its citizenry strictly uphold to the principles of democracy and rule of law. That is why political leadership is democratically elected into office by the people.
Similarly, constitutional office bearers like the Supreme Court judges are appointed legally by keenly adhering to existing laws and statutes. Moreover, the Congress has the mandate to make or amend laws which then becomes legally binding to all citizens.
Such a leadership arrangement is well understood by everybody and contravening the law can be challenged through the judicial system. This appears to be a similar leadership arrangement in most democratic governments. To this end, critics of U.S aggression have always questioned the appointing authority in world governance.
In other terms, why has the U.S government assumed total leadership over the world? Who appointed or directed it to do so? It may indeed be a paradox for a country claiming to pursue democracy while totalitarian ideology is the top agenda in its international matters. The basic role of democracy is missing here (Mandelbaum, 2000).
The main grievance is that of representation. The U.S has taken a representative role of governing the world. This has led to numerous protests which can be directly linked to U.S “fatherhood” spirit. A clear cut illustration of this can be traced back on the climate change and global warming debate.
As a precaution to reduce greenhouse emission which is believed to contribute significantly to global warming, countries of the world convened in Japan and unanimously agreed to stick to Kyoto protocol. Unfortunately, U.S failed to honor the agreement despite being one of the greatest emitters of greenhouse gases.
Besides, the recently concluded Copenhagen talks on climate change ended in disillusionment with U.S not walking the talk as a world leader. Its foreign policies should have been handy at this time when the world is struggling to come into terms with the devastating effects of climate change which is a matter of national security if intently investigated.
There is the belief that George W. Bush had become neoconservative by the threshold of his second term. Bush was once quoted to have said that the U.S military is not meant to build the nation but rather to “fight and win war” (Fukuyama 165). Moreover, his foreign policy advisor Condoleezza Rice added her voice to this matter when she asserted that U.S troops had no duty escorting children to school.
These assertions were coherent enough to brand U.S as non-committed to the path of democracy when securing its borders. In fact, George W. Bush was more than ready to extend his “war and win” agenda to Iraq. As Fukuyama observes, Bush attempted to ideologically justify a war that would have been prevented. This, according to many of his critics, soiled the political governance of his second term (Garrett 173).
The intrigues of U.S foreign policy remain to be debatable as well as eliciting mixed reactions to the world at large. It must indeed be something else. Since Obama took over the oath of a presidential office, he has relentlessly pursued the restoration of U.S authority in Latin America (Viotti 76).
However, critics have a stand that this partnership may not be of central importance to U.S; there is more than meets the eye. If this position is anything to go by, then Quincy’s statement leaves a sour taste in the mouth of political analysts and the general public since it lacks credibility at some point.
Works Cited Fukuyama, Francis. America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power and the Neoconservative Legacy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.
Garrett, A. Stephen. Doing good and doing well: an examination of humanitarian intervention, Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999.
Marxist Criticism on The Lottery by Shirley Jackson Essay essay help: essay help
The story The Lottery continues to bring forth heated debates since its publication. The story touches the nerves of people as they try to interpret its meaning. The focus of this paper will be on a Marxist criticism of the story.
Kosenko (1985) posits that the story employs Marxist undertones. According to him, the story symbolises an attack on capitalism. The story attacks the ideology and social order of the town. One Marxist explanation for the story lies in the symbol of the black dot made on a paper for the lottery. The black color of the dot represents evil that is linked to business, which in turn stands for capitalism.
For example, Mr. Summers who draws the dot is involved in the coal business. He represents the powerful class in capitalism that has the control of the town both politically and economically because Mr. Summers also administers the lottery (Kosenko, 1985).
Moreover, the location of the lottery at the town square between two buildings- the post office and the bank represents the political and economic power of the government and those in power such as Mr. Graves and Mr. Summers. The common people stand no chance against the capitalist order.
The lottery is an old tradition that represents the rigidity of a capitalist society. The ritual of the lottery has been in the town for so long that the people no longer know its origin but continue to practise it annually. When some people suggest that other towns have abandoned the ritual, the Old man rebukes them and says that the ritual must go on because it is tradition.
The old man represents people in a capitalist society who opt for maintenance of the status quo. They are afraid of abandoning the way they do things to continue benefiting at the expense of the majority. The people are deluded by the lottery that the society is democratic hence they will not criticize the ruling class.
The people in the society are made to believe that the lottery is democratic and anyone stands an equal chance of selection. There is a possibility that Summers knows the paper with the black dot and his family members are safe from being stoned at the lottery. Thus, we can say the lottery is an election for the powerful but a random selection for the common people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The story also depicts the social order in a capitalist society in which few powerful individuals control the rest of the society. For example, the powerful people in the lottery are Mr. Summers, Mr. Graves the postmaster and Mr. Martin the grocer respectively. These three individuals are powerful in the small town due to their position.
To illustrate this point when the lottery is picked it is asked who has picked it, was it the Watsons or the Dunbars. The two families mentioned are not powerful in the town. Why did they not ask whether the Graves or the summers had it? This shows that the powerful are in control of the lottery and have no chance of being victims of stoning.
In addition, the women in this society are low in status. They have no power and only the men in their families can pick the lottery for the families and if the man of the family is absent, his son represents him instead of the wife. Just like in a capitalist society, people who have no power have no say in the affairs of the society, which is left to the powerful few.
Finally, the author of the story seems to criticize a society that oppresses the weak and depends on outdated practices to maintain discriminative social order. The lottery helps the powerful to continue to control the town in other words capitalism goes on to enable Mr. Summers and his likes remain in positions of power.
Reference List Kosenko, P. (1985): A Marxist-Feminist Reading of Shirley Jackson’s ‘The Lottery.’ New Orleans Review, 12, 27-32.
Weight Loss Alternatives Analytical Essay best college essay help
Introduction Since the onset of this century, one of the most prevalent problems that has afflicted the society, especially in the developed countries, is that of obesity. Hendrick asserts that up to 63.1% of adults in America are suffering from this health anomaly (Hendrick, 2010).
This figure implies that two out of every three American adults are obese. This finding suggests that thousands of Americans are at risk of contracting medical conditions such as diabetes, high-blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and heart attacks. This is primarily the reason why the focus of numerous television advertisements, according to Grannis (2008), has shifted towards alternative weight loss solutions for Americans.
Some of these solutions have occasionally come under heavy criticism, probably due to competitive reasons, yet, they seem to be viable options for losing that extra weight. This article gives some of these alternative solutions, their pros and cons, and a conclusive argument about each method.
Controlled Breathing As a common exercise during regular Yoga classes, controlled breathing seems to be the least of the alternatives that can assist a person to lose weight. Nevertheless, latest studies reveal that breathing in a controlled fashion burns excess body fats. How does this occur?
A big portion of body fat constitutes fragments of oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. According to WeightLossfor All (2010), addition of oxygen to the body through inhalation will inevitably break down the fatty compound into water molecules and carbon dioxide and secreted through urination and exhalation respectively.
For a normal human being, taking deep breaths that lasts five seconds in the inhalation process, then exhaling through the mouth, is a sure way of achieving this goal. The same article advises that one should exercise this procedure at least eight times every minute to burn the fat in the body.
Asthanga is a Yoga related treatment that uses this breathing technique (Carter, 2010). Scientists have made discoveries that suggest that this hypnosis method converts fats conceived through stress, thyroid issues and poor eating habits into body waste. For athletes, using the same method to relax after vigorous activity also helps in burning extra fats in the body.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are certain advantages that are associated with controlled breathing methods. The most outstanding advantage in using this method of losing weight is how cheap it would possibly be. According to the mentioned sources, the person engaging in this alternative method will only have to subject himself to controlled breathing. Nevertheless, Carter also points out that there is some information from Yoga experts that one needs to be aware of while practicing these techniques in order to have the desired effects.
Other advantages mentioned by Carter include the holistic cleansing of certain systems of one’s body. While performing this procedure, she claims that the colon as well as the digestive system receives purification. Large amounts of oxygen in the body works well in detoxifying the internal organs in one’s body. Another system that receives cleansing is the respiratory system, whereby eradication of toxic substances that sublime along the lungs takes place.
One of the disadvantages of using this method as an alternative weight loss method is that it is slow. It will take a lot of time for a normal person to lose a significant number of pounds.
In addition, there is a lot of external influence that may hamper this method, including eating habits, day-to-day activities and stresses and strains of life. These factors have to play to the person’s advantage in order for controlled breathing methods to take effect entirely (iloveindia.com, 2010).
Another disadvantage is the fact that it can play as a muscle builder, rather than a relaxation procedure for athletes. This is not particularly a disadvantage for all athletes, but some sports require minimum muscles in certain body parts. Continuous controlled breathing, according to WeightlossForAll increases the rates at which the heart pumps blood to the body. This may be hazardous to people with weaker cardiovascular mechanisms.
Overall, controlled breathing seems to be quite a working method of losing weight. Though it may require constant practice and patience, the advantages of doing this along other weight reduction methods do bring the desired results.
The use of Lipozene There are certain pills called Lipozenes that may assist in loss of weight in a quicker way than the methods mentioned earlier. Lipozene is made from konjac, a plant with tough fibers. It has the ability to make the user feel full by slowing down the food digestion process (Monson
Loyola and Calvin’s Beliefs Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Calvin believed that salvation of man is predetermined by God only. A human being does not receive salvation based on deeds or piousness. Calvin urged that even before God created the earth he had already elected people who would receive salvation. The people not elected can do nothing to escape the damnation (Robinson 1). On the contrary, Loyola believed that salvation required confession and atonement for sin. Salvation depends on one’s deeds. It can be achieved by practising the spiritual exercises for deliverance from sins.
Some were drawn to Calvin’s teaching because they felt it was comforting, as they did not have to do anything to earn salvation but hope that God had elected them. Thus, no need to work towards salvation as that is God’s choice (Clendenen and Waggoner 185). On the other hand, people were drawn to Loyola’s teachings because they did not feel hopeless about not having control of their future as they could choose salvation and go to heaven or decline and be damned (Matlak, Randall, McMullin and Royce 1).
The beliefs by Loyola seem fair in that one had a free will to choose either to accept salvation or not. It shows that God is fair to all and gives them an equal chance to receive salvation. However, Calvin’s teaching leave me more confused because I cannot understand how God can create some people, elect them for damnation, and give them no chance to escape and give salvation to others for deliverance despite their deeds.
Works Cited Clendenen, Ray and Brad Waggoner. Calvinism: A Southern Baptist Dialogue. Nashville, Tennessee: B
Neurological Disorder: Effects of Schizophrenia on the Brain and Behavior Research Paper scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Behavioral Symptoms and Functional Deficits
Biological and Environmental Factors
Cognitive and Pharmacological Therapies
Prognosis for Schizophrenics
Introduction Human beings have been faced with numerous psychological and neurological disorders for as long as they have existed. According to Robins and Regier, a number of these diseases and disorders do alter the normal functioning of the body system particularly the brain (1999). The manifestation of the diseases and disorders are usually through abnormal behavioral orientations and related mental symptoms.
Psychiatric disorders, as defined by Salters-Pedneault, refers to any behavioral or mental/cognitive symptoms that cause a person to be very distressed, the individual may be paralyzed in one way or another thus making him/her very much exposed to various disabilities, pain, and may sometimes cause death (2009). However, all these manifestations need to be experienced by an individual for a period not less than two weeks in order to be categorized as a psychiatric disorder.
It is important to note that temporary mental states such as grief resulting from the loss of a relative or a close friend may not be considered psychiatric in nature. The research paper discusses schizophrenia as a neurological disorder.
Behavioral Symptoms and Functional Deficits Schizophrenia has been known as one of the most common neurological disorders especially in the United States. This disorder is highly chronic, harsh, and with the capability of paralyzing the victims brain and hence cognitive abilities. An individual suffering from the disorder usually develops improper perception of reality.
According to Salters-Pedneault (2009), it is normally associated with auditory delusions or hallucinations, distorted thinking as well as talking patterns, and a general dysfunction in the social and occupational dimensions of everyday life. Furthermore, a schizophrenic normally exhibits notable cognitive deficits like memory loss, asocial characteristics, and a general lack of concern.
For individuals prone to develop the disorder, the early stages of adulthood are usually associated with the commencement of schizophrenia. Most significantly, schizophrenia may only be detected by the use of personal experiences and observable behavior of the victim due to the fact that laboratory testing has not yet been developed.
Neurological Basis A number of theories to explain schizophrenia as a disorder have been put forward. In general, according to research findings by Robins and Regier, an individual’s genetic composition as well as the environment that one is brought up in and related neurological factors has been associated with the onset of schizophrenia (1999).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A neurological basis of this disorder may be linked to a disproportion of the neurotransmitters (chemicals in the brain) and brain-structure distortion. Neurological researchers have found that too much neurotransmitter dopamine, glutamate, amino-butyric acid, serotonin, among others may be associated with schizophrenia disorder. Many research findings reveal that the actual causes of schizophrenic characteristics have not been established yet (Gattaz
Financial Ratio Analysis Essay online essay help
Table of Contents Current ratio
Total assets to Debt ratio
Profit margin ratio
Calculations on financial ratios are basically derived from information obtained from the accounting records. The ratios provide the required guidelines of measuring the progress of the business and at the same time alert the management on the problems that might occur within the Company businesses.
The profitability ratios indicate the level of efficiency on how capital is being utilized. Liquidity ratios on the other hand help in indicating the ability of the Company to continue with its normal operations even in the midst of unexpected problems. While growth ratios are best used in the process of tracking down the financial progress of the Company (Graham,
Strategic analysis report Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Vision
Vision To create a dependable and superior bed and breakfast location that visitors can always count on.
Mission To create a relaxing, home away from home experience where visitors will feel valued and cared for through continual added value and superior service provision.
Value statement To carry out business in a principled manner by working with ethical suppliers
To encourage great services by offering our staff the best workplace environment
To deal with consumer concerns/ complains in a caring and fair manner
To foster an environment of accountability amongst all staff by making ethical decisions
The vision statement is invaluable to the success of this bed and breakfast business because it explains the big picture. In other words, it answers the ‘who’ and ‘what’ of the organization. This hotel was set up in order to provide leisure services to visitors at the selected location.
Therefore, the vision statement has responded to the “for what?” aspect of this business (Kono, 1994). However, it cannot just be a service that will last for a while; it is something sustainable that will ensure the continued profitability of the business. By adding the term ‘dependable’ in the vision statement, visitors will be certain of having a place that they can go to when traveling and this dependability will ensure consumer loyalty hence sustainable profits.
Also, the vision has responded to the “for whom?” query as well because it has specified that the business will be for visitors. The vision statement generally has shown where the company intends to be in the leisure industry and how this will affect the people targeted by Grover and Janelle (Kaye
Reaction Paper for the Article “Thanks for the Memories” Essay essay help online free
This article discussed the work of cognitive psychologist Elizabeth Loftus from the University of Washington. She contended that when we recall a memory the event is not accurately recreated, but instead we recall a reconstruction of the actual event. She stated that this is most common in criminal investigation cases. Loftus argues that changing minor details in a question can cause a person to recall the event differently or even add in details that were not there to begin with.
She used four experiments to prove her hypothesis. Loftus’ work has been challenged, with some psychologists stating that the memory is not lost, but can be obtained with proper questioning. Recently, Loftus’ research has been applied to repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse that is recalled through the assistance of a therapist (Loftus, 560-572).
Upon reading the article, I found that many of the points made by Loftus make sense. I can easily compare and apply her research to real life situations. If you want current crime dramas, such as Law and Order, you can see the questions the lawyers use to trigger memories with the eyewitnesses.
It was very interesting however that changing simple key words in the question can almost create a memory in the person’s head. For example, Loftus compares the usage of “a” as opposed to “the.” I could ask an eyewitness, “Did you see a knife?” This question evokes a different answer than, for example, “Did you see the knife?” The second question implies that there was a knife at the scene.
I feel that it is up to the lawyers to ask the questions properly so the eyewitness can accurately recall the events, to the best of their ability. Of course, what I find fascinating is that a lawyer could use this method to elicit the responses they need from an eyewitness. By using this research, the prosecuting attorney could, in effect, make an eyewitness recreate an inaccurate event. I can understand where some of her research could be called into question as well.
The end of the article states that the memory is still there, but it is up to the investigators to focus on the right wording, as I stated above. In order to obtain accurate eyewitness accounts, an investigator must be made aware of how a witness will later recall the event in question.
I find it interesting and apt that Loftus’ research is being used to call into question reports of repressed child abuse. While I am sure that the complaining person is not automatically being doubted, a therapist could conceivably manipulate a person into believing that they were abused because it fits the diagnosis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, a therapist could ask a client, “Did he ever touch you?” This could mean a variety of things. The therapist would have to define the type of touch. I think it is important for therapists not to put their own personal spin on things.
They are there to assist their clients in unraveling their problems and offering plausible explanations and solutions. While it is important to question these repressed allegations, it should not be forgotten that if the therapist is at fault, their client is still a victim of their manipulative, whether intentional or not, tactics.
In conclusion, it is my belief that eyewitness testimony should never solely be used to convict someone of a crime. I am thankful that the judicial system does not rely on just one aspect of evidence in order to obtain a conviction. However, Loftus’ research could be used by a defense team to discredit an eyewitness. This must be taken into consideration as well as not all event recall is recreated memory.
I have to agree with Loftus’ research on some level in that I could see how different questions might lead someone to think that there was something there that maybe they had forgotten before that moment. However, I do not think there is enough information on how the brain stores and recalls information at this point in time to make Loftus’ research the tell all and end all to cognitive memory studies.
Reference Loftus, E.F (1975). Leading Questions and the Eyewitness Report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560-572.
The Things They Carried Explicatory Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
The Things They Carried is a fictional chef-d’oeuvre by Tim O’Brien, which catalogs among other things, the different things that soldiers carried to the Vietnam War. These soldiers carried emotional and physical burdens alike. Obrien notes, “They carried the emotional baggage of men who might die.
Grief, terror, love, longing-these were intangibles, but the intangibles had their own mass and specific gravity, they had tangible weight. They carried shameful memories…cowardice…they carried the soldier’s fear (20). The psychological effects of the Vietnam War tore the soldiers psychologically especially Lieutenant Cross.
The psychological burden of guilt surfaces immediately after the story starts. Jimmy Cross, a lieutenant enlisted to take care of the other soldiers is the victim of the guilt burden. Jimmy witnessed as a bullet broke open Lavender’s skull. Given the fact that he was the one in charge of the other soldiers’ well-being, he felt he could have done something to prevent Lavender’s death.
Unfortunately, he could do nothing at that point; Lavender was dead and gone for good. Jimmy became emotionally troubled because instead of concentrating on the security and well-being of fellow soldiers he could only think of Martha. Consequently, Lavender died due to his lack of concentration or so he thought.
Jimmy could not live up to this duty and when Lavender died before his eyes, he realized how careless he had been in executing his duties. All these feelings culminated into guilt feelings, an emotional burden that he had to bear so long as the war continued. What a terrible emotional baggage for one to carry!
Cross sincerely loved Martha and no matter how hard he tried to subdue these feelings, they resurfaced with time. This psychological burden weighed so heavily on him that at times he lost focus on the war. O’Brien observes, “He loved her so much…though painful, he wondered who had been with her that afternoon” (8).
Though painful, Jimmy decided to forget Martha completely, bear the psychological turmoil attached to it, and focus on the war. Forgetting a lover is not an easy task, it takes more than a willing heart, it takes absolute resolve, and this comes with its psychological upheavals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Emotionally, Cross was a torn person, full of sorrows and heavy laden with emotional burdens. O’Brien deliberately explores Jimmy’s case to show the psychological burdens that the soldiers brought along together with the things they carried. Lieutenant Jimmy Cross was not alone in this predicament, as aforementioned, every soldier had his fair share of emotional baggage, as shown by the few soldiers O’Brien chose to use in The Things They Carried.
Family ties are usually very strong and separating someone from his/her family amounts to emotional torture; something that the soldiers had to live with. For instance, Kiowa, “…carried an illustrated New Testament that had been presented to him by his father…” (O’Brien 3). Nothing could remind Kiowa of his dad like that treasured bible; every time he saw the bible, he would remember his beloved father.
Henry Dobbins on his part carried a pair of pantyhose and he would poke his noses into the paper containing the panties from time to time. Not that Henry Dobbins loved his girlfriend’s panties; no, he missed her and this burdened him psychologically.
In conclusion, the intangible things that the soldiers carried into the Vietnam War had real weight, to some extent, heavier than the physical burdens. Jimmy Cross carried the guilt of letting Lavender die while engrossed in thoughts of his ever-elusive lover, Martha.
Kiowa carried the emotional burden of his father and grandfather and the possibility of not seeing them once again weighed heavily on him. Collectively, these soldiers experienced different forms of psychological torture, especially Cross who had to forget his lover and bear the guilt of seeing Lavender die from his carelessness.
Works Cited O’Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1990.
Gardasil Vaccine: Three Advantages to the Health Care Provider Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
Acts as a good source of financial returns to health care providers
The idea of Gardasil reveals importance of information and data sharing amongst regulatory authorities. There is higher percentage of individuals going for the vaccine; mothers encourage their daughters to go for the vaccine in order to escape the possibility of developing cervical cancer in future. This yields good returns to health care providers since they generate a lot of money out of such ignorance. Therefore, oversight of regulatory on Gardasil vaccine seems to be concerned more on marketing and influence than on the scientific effectiveness of the vaccine (Erickson, 2011).
It gives the health care providers the benefits of prescribing drug coverage to many individuals
Gardasil vaccine has been marketed for a long time as one of the vaccines having the capability of preventing cervical cancer. However, an oversight was discovered in assessing its efficacy. The vaccine is considered as one of the primary treatment against cervical cancer instead of being one of the intervening vaccines against sexually transmitted diseases. Gardasil vaccine can only sustain not more than four years clinical trial, this makes it unsuitable for use in the prevention of cervical cancer which develops within longer periods of time (Erickson, 2011).
Concerning the above, health care providers gain the benefits of prescribing drug coverage and emergency care services. This is since Gardasil vaccine serves only a small percentage on the purposes of preventive care. Patients are eligible to visit any participating doctor or medical specialist for further direction on the use of Gardasil vaccine. This means that payments are made to individual care givers for the purposes of consultation. If they choose to deal with outside health care providers, they still benefit but at higher share cost (Erickson, 2011).
The health care providers have the advantage of administering the vaccine to women including young children who are not yet sexually active
There is also the concept of risk-benefit balance which cannot change regarding Gardasil vaccine; this is attributed to insufficient information given about the drug. Vaccines are usually administered not to sick but healthy persons for prevention purposes.
This makes it clear that the levels of uncertainity from the drug are expected to be minimal, hence presenting low level of risks to individuals. This is one of the ways through which health care providers benefit since they understand that though the vaccine might not be of greater benefit, its side effects on individuals can be tolerated (Milenkovic, 2004).
Gardasil vaccine is administered against sexually transmitted diseases to even young children, an idea that is generally considered unwise. This age group of less than twelve years is most likely targeted for the purposes of the spreading phobia on the dangers of the disease, and at the same time maximizing on vaccine sales.
All these activities surrounding the vaccine are not in any way scientifically valid. Administering the vaccine on young children has not been approved compared to other age groups; this is because cervical cancer is only prevalent amongst sexually active adults.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gardasil vaccine is meant to prevent cervical cancer in women, however the current statistics also reveal that the disease is already uncommon in women, at the same time vaccines more effective than Gardasil are already present within the market. However, Gardasil presents health care providers with alternative means that is cheaper (Ayoub, 2003).
The oversight by regulatory agencies makes majority of the adult women to fall candidates of Gardasil vaccination, this is since women are encouraged to go for vaccination before HPV infection is established. This oversight has however led to breaking of moral rules safeguarding the field on healthcare, since health care providers consider the vaccine good idea even before undergoing efficacy tests (Ayoub, 2003).
References Ayoub, D. (2003). What is wrong with the HPV vaccine mandate in Illinois? Illinois: Springfield
Erickson, N. (2011). Gardasil vaccination: Evaluating the risks versus benefits. Retrieved from https://sanevax.org/
Milenkovic, M. (2004). Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Statistical Brief. Web.
Revenge of the Mooncake Vixen Compare and Contrast Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Summary
Comparison of Two Characters
Reflection on the Text
Summary Moon. The story of Moon starts with the description of a girl’s affection to two blond twins who managed to humiliate her in the most violent way. This was a Chinese-American fat girl who took a revenge on those boys and provoked the car accident so that boys died.
The relationships with parents and their attitude to their daughter’s action reflect the nature of Chinese culture when her mother calls her a ‘slut’ and her father goes on “about the Sino-Japanese war” (Chin 15). Justice is the main aspect of the story when a girl grows up and can afford not feeling oppressed by blond twins that used to humiliate her by pissing on her face.
Cake. The parable about twin sisters starts with a story when a woman from the neighborhood offered girls a pie if they “come to the Christmas service with [her] and accept Jesus Christ, our lord, into [their] hearts” (Chin 27). As girls had another religion, the woman tried to convert them into Christianity.
The girls’ parents worked hard and their grandmother looked after them. So, she invented a method to make the Christian woman leave the girls alone with their native religion. Though granny died a few years later, the girls did not want to learn the lesson of their culture and religion; the only thing they knew was that they did not ever want to be as poor as before.
Literary Criticism Literary criticism is reflected in the article written by Lucy Ellmann in The Guardian who claims that there is no single emotional center in the book however it is full of details which becomes the core positive aspect of the whole boon.
In other words, Ellmann reflects on the book from her personal perspective and manages to indicate the most prominent feature of this work presented with the help of a variety of theological, biological, and other concepts as well as historic and cultural details that enhance understanding of American and Chinese cultures.
Related Works One of the related works that shares its main theme with the Revenge of the Mooncake Vixen is the book by Pin-Chia Feng Diasporic Representations: Reading Chinese American Women’s Fiction where the author reflects her understanding of Chinese American literary works on various topics.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Relations between family members and the difference between American and Chinese cultures are vividly enlarged on in this book that also demonstrates well-known concepts typical of the Chinese culture such as memory, honor, hierarchy in the family, and combination of cultures that gives rise to a set of brand-new concepts and values applicable to both cultures.
Comparison of Two Characters Choices. The main characters of the parables are twin sisters who have different choices in their life with regard to their lifestyle and values. One sister was beautiful from the very beginning and helped her parents with the running of a restaurant whereas the second girl was fat but she took a revenge on the people who used to humiliate her and became a beautiful young woman as well.
Motivations. The motivations for two girls were different as the beautiful one knew about her attractiveness whereas the fat one wanted to show people that she could do better.
Historical Circumstances The period of time reflected in the parables coincides with the contemporary one when more attractive people can humiliate the fat one and the combination of Chinese and American cultures. Multicultural issues as well as combination of different values typical for various cultures is the main historical environment for creation of the text when political and business issues are closely related to culture and its perception. The world is in the condition of continuous conflicts and wars when a lot of misunderstanding rises due to miscomprehension of values typical for different cultures.
Reflection on the Text I believe that the text of the parables does not reflect all the conflicts that may occur in the everyday life of Chinese people who live on the territory of the United States. However, it is possible to learn more about the relationships of members in Chinese families and customs that take place in their daily lives. In addition, every person who knows what the Chinese culture looks like would understand that every Asian has some difficulties related to his/her identity and background.
Discussion Questions What emotions do readers feel when reading about humiliation?
The widest range of emotions is experienced in the process of reading and each story provokes different feelings. When the author writes about humiliation, the readers want to offer the girl some alternative options on how to act with those trashy twins.
We will write a custom Essay on Revenge of the Mooncake Vixen specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How is it possible to use concepts from different cultures to reflect the same ideas? Did the author manage to do this naturally?
The author uses allusions on different American and Chinese concepts and individuals which contributes greatly to the understanding of both cultures.
Works Cited Chin, Marilyn. Revenge of the Mooncake Vixen: A Novel. New York: W. W. Norton, 2009.
Ellmann, Lucy. “Revenge of the Mooncake Vixen: A Manifesto in 41 Tales by Marilyn Chin.” The Guardian, 2010. Web.
Feng, Pin-Chia. Diasporic Representations: Reading Chinese American Women’s Fiction. Piscataway, NJ: Translation Publishers, 2011. Print.
Protagonists in Literature Compare and Contrast Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The story of an Hour by Kate Chopin
The Stolen Party by Liliana Hecker
Introduction In many stories the protagonists see themselves differently from the way other people in the story see them. To elaborate this statement we will focus on two stories; the story of an hour by Kate Chopin and the stolen party by Liliana Hecker. In both of these stories the aspect of the protagonist seeing themselves in a different way as opposed to others in the story has been clearly brought out.
The story of an Hour by Kate Chopin The story of an hour was written by Kate Chopin in 1894. The protagonist in this story is a woman called Mrs. Louise Mallard who has a heart problem. On learning the news about her husband`s death, her sister Josephine and her husband`s friend Richard are having a hard time in coming up with a way which they will break down the sad news to Mrs. Mallard. This is because she has got a heart problem hence if the message is not communicated in the best way possible severe consequences might follow.
Both her sister and her husband`s friend are worried on the best means to pass this message to her because of her health condition. This is because it is not easy for anyone to hear and accept the news of the death of someone they loved, especially a spouse one has spent many years living together.
That is why her sister, while breaking the news down to her, used broken sentences and veiled hints that revealed the theme of the message but not its real content. We are told that, “It was her sister Josephine who told her, in broken sentences; veiled hints that revealed in half concealing” (Berkove 153). Richard also had to be sure that the message about the death of his friend was true before telling it to the wife.
That is why after receiving the news of his death, he had to assure himself by another telegram. Josephine and Richard at this point see Mrs. Ballard as weak both physically and emotionally thus taking this news is going to be very difficult for her.
On receiving the news, Mrs. Ballard broke down into tears immediately and went to her room to have some time alone. While in the room she discovered that she was not really sad, but instead it is like she became free from her misery and will be able to live the rest of her life for herself and herself alone. In the story we are told that, “She was beginning to recognize this thing that was approaching to possess her……….
She said it over and over under her breath: free, free, free!” (Berkove 154). Instead of being sad she felt relieved and free unlike what Josephine and her sister thought. This is because she is the only one who knew the suffering she was undergoing in that marriage and that she did not always love her husband.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Stolen Party by Liliana Hecker This story is about a young girl called Rosaura who had been invited by to a friend’s birthday party. Although Rosaura thought that Luciana was her friend, Rosaria’s mother thought otherwise. This is because she was their maid and her daughter will not be viewed any different.
However, Rosaura had been spending a lot of time with Luciana, playing together and even helping each other with their homework. She had never felt any negative attitude from her friend or her family and this made her to believe that she was a friend and not the maid’s daughter and that is why she did not want to moss the party.
Her mother on the other hand thought her daughter was putting herself in a class she did not belong to; the class of the rich. That is why she told her, “The problem with you, young lady, is that you like to fart higher than your ass” (Gwendolyn 2007). Not trying to kill her hopes, she prepared for her a cute dress to wear in the party and even made her hair to look beautiful.
While at the party, Rosaura felt part and parcel of the occasion because she was interacting well with all the other kids except from the girl with a bow on her hair. This girl clearly stated that she knew all of Luciana friends but did not know Rosaura nor even heard of her. From her talk Rosaura remembered her mother’s words and admitted angrily that she was the daughter of an employee who somehow brought down her self esteem.
However her self esteem was rejuvenated when Sefiora Ines asked Rosaura to assist her in serving the food and hotdogs. She even had the privilege of serving the cake which made her feel so powerful. While playing charades all the boys wanted her to be on their teams. All this made this party to be the best one in her life.
While leaving the party every kid was being given a present; a bracelet for a girl and a yoyo for a boy. However, Sefiora Ines did not give Rosaura a bracelet or a yoyo but gave her money and told her, “Thank you for all your help, my pet” (Gwendolyn 2007). This made Rosaura to finally realize that she was just the daughter of the maid and nothing more. All her thoughts were just a huge illusion.
Works Cited Berkove, Lawrence . Fatal Self-Assertion in Kate Chopin’s The Story of an Hour.
We will write a custom Essay on Protagonists in Literature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More American Literary Realism 32.2 (2000): 152-158.
Gwendolyn, Diaz. Women and Power in Argentine Literature. Stories, Interviews, and Critical Essays. Texas. University of Texas Press (2007).
The Genesis Fitness Club Report (Assessment) college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The Genesis Fitness Club was started back some years ago in Melbourne with a vision of providing honest and professional services which are superior to other fitness clubs around the country.
Their mission is to offer fitness solutions that are fun, easy, and rewarding in order to achieve the desired results. In its existence, the club has always worked at maintaining a community based culture by supporting the local schools and kindergartens as well as businesses and this has been a pivot towards its growth (Genesis Fitness Club 2011).
A knowledge management system is defined as the way in which a company collects its data, organizes it before distributing it to the reliable parties.
The idea behind a successful knowledge management system is the assumption that each employee, member or a customer from a company should have easy and ready access to the operation details as well as the possible solutions to the problems that may arise (Newman
International Trade Advantages and Limitations Report (Assessment) best college essay help
Scientific innovation and invention in technology, communication, and transport networks has facilitated integration among countries; one major element of globalisation is international trade. International trade is trade among countries; it operates on two main paradigms, importation and exportation of factors of production and finished commodities.
International trade prevails because of economic, resource and wealth differences among countries, which results to comparative and absolute advantage; with international trade, countries stand to benefit (Taylor 78). This report discusses the economic concept of free trade; it will use international policies to explain the advantages likely to be derived from free trade.
One advantage and one limitation of International Trade Free trade is attained when countries remove trade and non-trade barriers among themselves and allow free flow of goods and factors of production; government intervention in free trade is minimal.
One advantage that countries stand to benefit from international trade is a large market base for raw materials and finished commodities. International trade brings the world into one market thus, traders, suppliers get a place where they can sell their commodities.
The increased market and large base of suppliers lead to innovativeness in efficient resource management as companies, countries and firms try to be competitive in international market, the result is a country with well-utilized resources. The world three largest economies, the United States, China and Japan have maintained their leadership because of the benefit they get from international trade; they are net exporters.
As countries trade among each other, some stands to lose whereas some gain; one disadvantage that international trade has lead to is dependency among countries, there are some countries that have become net consumers. When a country becomes a net consumer, it means that its local companies cannot produce goods to compete in the international arena they remain sycophants of other countries. Examples of countries that have become net consumers include Zimbabwe and Swaziland.
Absolute and comparative advantages of international trade Both absolute and comparative advantages concepts explain why international trade prevail; they support free trade among countries;
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Absolute advantage
Adam smith, an economist in late 18th century and early 19th century, developed this concept of absolute advantage, the concept behind the theory is that countries should produce what they can effectively and cheaply produce and import those commodities that it has limited capacity to produce effectively.
The concept is similar to household resource management; whereby households tend to produce what they can produce more cheaply and opt to buy those that they cannot produce effectively.
The concept broadly states that it is rational that if a country can import goods and services more cheaply than it can produce, then there is no point of producing such commodities. It goes further and states that a country should only produce what it can make efficiently then export to those countries that cannot have the commodities produced effectively. The proceeds gotten from the export is then used to pay for imports.
The net effect of the trading partners is that country A will have products produced form country B at a lower cost and country B will get commodity form country A at lower costs; consumers will benefit reduced prices. If we consider two countries, a country has an absolute advantage if it can produce some products at a low cost than another country.
David Ricardo developed the concept of comparative advantage in 1817; the main argument of the concept is that a country has a comparative advantage if its marginal production cost is lower than marginal production of the other country.
If we have two trading countries, country A and country B, country A has a comparative advantage than country B if it has a marginal superiority in production of certain product. Abundance of factors of production differs among countries; rational countries will generally tend to produce those products that utilize the most abundant (cheap) factor of production.
According to this concept, if each country specializes in those products and service that it can produce more efficiently, then production can increase and maximum and efficient resource utilization realized. The concept argues that trade allow each country (trading partner) to specialize in those goods and service that it can have a lower marginal production cost.
We will write a custom Assessment on International Trade Advantages and Limitations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, the concept assumes that factors of mobility has are perfectly mobile; this means that a country can exchange a factor of production for another without affecting the level of efficiency of the factor. Secondly, it assumes that input-output ratio is constant. This is not true because of the effects of diminishing return and the effects of specialization (O’Sullivan and Sheffrin 23-67)
How Absolute and Comparative advantage are used Absolute advantage
Let take a hypothetical example of two countries, country A and country B, they have different potentials. Country A can produce 300milligrams of wheat by using 300 units of factors of production, and can produce 500 milligrams of maize using 300 units of factors of production.
Country B can produce the 300 milligrams wheat using 200 units of factors of production, and 200milligrams of maize using 200 units of factors of production, then country B has an absolute advantage in wheat production than country A and country A has absolute advantage in maize than country B. In such a situation assuming that there are no barriers to trade, then country A should import wheat from country B and country B import maize from country A, both countries stand to benefit.
Let us consider two countries; county 1 and country 2, trading on only two products; wheat and television sets, using similar factors of production as an example;
Pre-specialization (before free trade)
Wheat Television sets County 2 300 300 County 1 1200 500 Total 1500 800 Let analyze the opportunity costs of the two countries: where county 2 shifts more resources into making of television set, the opportunity cost of one television is one wheat milligram.
If county 1 was to put more resources into manufacture of more television sets, then the opportunity cost of one television is 2.4 wheat milligrams. Therefore county 2 has a lower marginal opportunity cost than county 1 in the production of television sets. On the other hand, for county 1 to produce television it is going to give a higher opportunity cost.
Post-specialization (after adopting free trade)
wheat Television sets county 2 (300-300)= 0 (300 300)= 600 county 1 (1200 200*2.4)= 1680 (500-200)= 300 Total 1680 900 Looking at the above trading after specialization, then we find that if countries specialize in the area that they have a comparative advantage, then world’s production will increase.
From the analysis above, free trade among countries has an advantage over protectionism policies and lack of international trade; both countries to a trade stand to benefit. As nations, trade among themselves the citizens’ benefit. They enjoy a wide variety of goods and services, increased employment opportunities and improvements in health and standards of living.
Not sure if you can write a paper on International Trade Advantages and Limitations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a period of about twenty years, a big number of countries have entered into global economies leading to a reduction in the number of people living in poverty. When borders are opened and there are no trade and non-trade barriers, new developed industries will have access to a large market. When the market is large then chances of their success is higher.
There will be demand of products and services in other countries that results to investment pull. Investment pull is whereby due to an increased market in a certain region, a country manufacturing the products on demand relocates/ opens a branch in the country of demand (Lipsey 16)
Factors affecting foreign exchange rates In international trade, foreign currencies are required to effect a transaction; a country can peg its currency on an internationally known currency like Dollar or pound. After making an exportation, payments in the form of foreign currency forms a credit in foreign exchange and an importation there is a debit in the foreign currency account.
Two exchange rates are used in the financial market; the fixed exchange rate and floating exchange rate. The forces of demand and supply in the international market determine a floating exchange rate.
Exchange rate is determined by the demand of foreign currency at a certain particular time, if the demand is high, then the currency rate of exchange will be higher, when the rate of demand is low then the rate of exchange is low. Balance of trade exists when a country foreign currency from imports equals the expense of exportation.
When a country is a net importer, then it has a negative balance of trade and its exchange rate to foreign currency is higher (its currency is said to have devalued), when a country is a net exporter then it has a low exchange rate; it has a strong currency.
The international monetary fund (IMF) is an international organization that supervises the international financial market by examining the macroeconomic policies of member countries. The objective of IMF is to stabilize foreign exchange rates and enforce liberalized economic policies in countries for loan purposes (Parkin 23).
Works Cited Lipsey, Richard, and Courant. Paul. Economics: Social and Environmental Regulation. New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc, 1996.Print.
O’Sullivan, Arthur, and Sheffrin, Steven. Economics: Principles in Action. Upper Saddle River: New Jersey, 2003. Print.
Parkin, Michael. Economics. Massachusetts: Pearson Addison-Wesley, 2008.Print.
Taylor, John. Principles of Microeconomics. New York: Cengage Learning, 2006.Print.
A Pair of Silk Stockings Analysis – Literary Devices Explicatory Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
The diminutive Mrs. Sommers demonstrates, in A Pair of Silk Stockings, the flexibility of role and identity that women often must possess, and her return to her usual life is likely as a result.
As a married woman, she has already changed roles once. She has subordinated her personal comfort and identity to the needs, as well as monetary and time constraints, of her husband’s socio-economic level. She has given up fashion and self-gratification of any kind for the sake of her children.
It is only under the influence of low blood sugar, and the tactile lure of the silky fabric, that she allows herself to indulge in a domino progression of indulgences. These re-open for her a social and sensual milieu out of which she has been, or felt shut out of, since marriage. She moves back into this previous role with ease.
By the end of her little ‘binge’, she is aware that she will have to return to her married, maternal role, out of which she stepped, if only for a few hours, and accept the consequences of having spent her windfall. However, since the reader has watched her switch from one identity to another with swift facility, if not conscious thought, it is a safe assumption that she will probably switch back into married mode once the impulse and the cash are mere memories.
She takes the most important step in re-entering the hardships of her married life; she starts for home. Thus far, in her marriage, she has been accepting of her role, and played it with good grace. She shows every sign of gracefully abdicating the temporary life of a fashionable, unencumbered lady.
Mrs. Sommers has been familiar with little luxuries, but has given them up for married life.
The reader knows that the protagonist has not always been the penny-pinching drudge that she is now because, “The neighbors sometimes talked of certain ‘better days’ that little Mrs. Sommers had known before she had ever thought of being Mrs. Sommers.” (Ross) She has been living within the income of her husband and it has consumed all her energies and attention. This she has done with good grace, as evidenced by her spending two days pondering the allocation of her 15 dollars on her kids.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the past that her neighbors recall must have included products (e.g., gloves, shoes, stockings, magazines) and services (e.g., theatre) and social entrée (elite restaurants), which are no longer part of what 21st century readers would term her lifestyle. This is clear from the almost automatic, graceful, and reflexive way she acquires them when she has the chance.
For example, she does not have to think twice about the need to spend a bit extra to ensure that her new boots are well fitting. Furthermore, the clerk can discern that her experience in buying shoes does not match the shabbiness of her old footwear. Like many women in many times and places, she switches roles with facility.
In fact, it takes a rather potent combination of factors to distract her from her selfless intentions. She expects to spend her money on items to fill out her children’s wardrobes, but once started spending on herself; however, she moves fluidly to reacquaint herself with genteel pleasures.
Disoriented by an empty stomach, and the availability of both the cash and the products she has long since given up, she succumbs to the lure of minor luxuries that have become almost alien to her. While queuing to purchase discounted sewing fabric for her daughters, the sensuous feel of silk stockings leads to one personal pampering after another.
Why silk stockings should be such a powerful stimulus is explained by the way the author describes their feel and appearance: “Her foot and ankle looked very pretty” (Ross). At that time, it was not necessary for a married lady to look or feel glamorous. That potent reminder, however, was enough to set her, without conscious thought, to pursuing other items to reinforce that feeling of comfort and ease and beauty.
As her little binge continues, the reader is led to worry whether she will be able to stop, whether this taste of the freedom from the incessant mending and scrimping for her brood will lead her to kick the traces or ruin her husband financially. The possibility exists that she will abandon her family permanently and return to single life as best she can in the era of this story.
There is also the possibility that she will not be able to rein in her unaccustomed spending, and will empty the family’s coffers for her own enjoyment. However, she has been aware of the risks from the start. In the opening paragraphs, Ross writes, “A vision of the future like some dim, gaunt monster sometimes appalled her, but luckily to-morrow never comes” (Ross).
We will write a custom Essay on A Pair of Silk Stockings Analysis – Literary Devices specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Fortunately, this little windfall was unforeseen, and therefore, her kids will be no worse off than if the money had never existed. She has done nothing, under the spell of her spree, for which she can be pilloried, with the possible exception of sharing a hankie with a woman who is clearly some sort of courtesan.
In fact, she has perhaps, in the most optimistic interpretation, given herself a tiny vacation that will comfort her during her chores for weeks or months to come. She has exhibited an instinctive capacity to adapt to changed circumstances, first in becoming a devoted housewife, and then in taking a turn as a fashionable lady who lunches.
Her behavior offers every hope that she will revert gracefully to her life without permanent damage to her marriage, in spite of her apparent and understandable desire to prolong that delicious freedom. She may wish, as she rides the cable car home that the ride would continue indefinitely, but the fact is that she is on the car, and it is heading that way.
The protagonist is a woman who has sacrificed a privileged background to scrimp and serve her husband and children, presumably lovingly. She has abandoned one role already to adopt the guise of a married church-mouse. It is only the combined pressure of hunger and discounted silky hose that seduces her. These stimuli, although she does not articulate this to herself, impel her to use her tiny windfall for her own enjoyment.
She recaptures the ease of a woman of means with alacrity The risk that she will not be able to accommodate herself again to the scrimping and labor her married life demands is substantial. Although she evinces a desire for the experience to continue indefinitely, her behavior belies this. She did, indeed, head straight to that cable car to return home.
This suggests that, in the way of women in all eras, she will throw off the role of fashionable lady once again, and resume her duties, refreshed) and better shod). In the 21st century, such a day of self-indulgence would be termed a mental health holiday, and might well be prescribed by her therapist.
Comparison of Theories of Addiction: The Biological Model and the Genetic Model Research Paper college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Addiction is one of the most difficult phenomena to investigate: first, it deals with a number of psychological substances which are not easy to define and comprehend, and second, human dependency is regarded as the main factor of addiction that is hard to control. The researchers find it necessary to use several theories or models in order to explain the etiology of addiction and realize how significant the question of addiction can be for people (Capuzzi
Naturalism in “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Naturalism in “The Awakening”
In literature, the naturalism movement grew as an offshoot of realism, which focused on the real over and above the incredible. However, naturalism was regarded as a more pessimistic movement that stressed the helplessness of man over nature, and it’s surrounded. To its adherents, the man was a slave to his instincts, so his actions were affected mainly by them. In the book “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin, a number of issues will be identified that demonstrate the naturalist movement.
Naturalism in “The Awakening” The author of this novel was more of a naturalist than of a realist, and she was very bold in writing this book because, during her time, it was unthinkable for a woman to be sexually expressive or even for her to leave her family to pursue her passions as depicted in the novel. In fact, the reactions against this book were so strong that they caused the author to be ostracized from her society. It was only after a couple of decades that everyone remembered the writing and saw the beauty inherent in it.
In the novel, the protagonist is well aware that society disregards her and her kind. To the male species, she is nothing more than a piece of property that can be handed down from one man to the next. Even after leaving her husband for Robert, Edna soon realizes that his perceptions of her are just the same as her husband.
This kind of helplessness that she possesses against her environment or her society is quite typical of naturalist literature. In naturalism, man is controlled by forces beyond him, and this is exactly what is being suggested in “The Awakening”. Even her efforts to question this way of life bear no fruit as the novel ends with no firm resolution of the matter.
As is clear from the analysis essay on naturalism, in the book, she wonders why no one seems to enjoy any rights except for children. Hence, she needs to be left alone in the process of resolving this matter (Chopin, 171). To some extent, Edna can be viewed as the tragic heroine in a naturalist novel.
She goes through so much, and when she cannot take it anymore, this lady ends her life. Suicidal ends are among typical characteristics of naturalism because they were aimed at striking a chord with readers who needed to identify with the helplessness of the characters in pieces.
In the novel, it is common to find that the protagonist is always struggling with issues of solitude, longing, and passion, which are all characteristic features of naturalism. This is especially visible when Edna listens to music, which controls her and takes over her mind. She is overwhelmed by these feelings and realizes that it is almost impossible to stop the tears from coming out of her. At some point, she nearly chokes as a result of these sentiments. (Chopin, 72).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The wave of naturalism was synonymous with a focus on personal feelings, as seen in many other parts of the book (Pitzer, 45). What is sad is that the author cannot feel any sense of hope or hopelessness after hearing the music; the only thing it does for her is it causes her to realize that she can feel and respond to something other than her pain or her feelings in life.
The entire book is indeed a demonstration of how humans tend to be slaves to their sentiments. Edna is a person who seems to lack strong will power. She is not bold enough to alter all the challenges she has gone through, and even when it appears as though she is fighting these values, the story later reveals that her acts were fruitless.
Feminist Perspectives In terms of society’s expectations for women, the novel propagates yet another naturalist agenda. Here, readers are introduced to two very distinct women: Adele and Edna. One would be tempted to think that the state of affairs in that Victorian society was so biased against the women that only the rebellious ones would survive.
However, as one soon finds out, this was clearly not the best path to follow for those concerned. This society did not favor free expression amongst women, and neither did it tolerate sexual freedom. Edna chose to go about this in an abrasive and confrontational manner, a decision that costs her life.
On the other hand, Adele chooses to go about this differently. She has done this by remaining chaste to her husband while still expressing her sexuality freely. In other words, finding peace is only made possible when females embrace faithfulness rather than resisting it. Furthermore, it is possible to communicate and express oneself openly, just as Adele did when she played by the rules.
This sharp contrast, therefore, illustrates that females were not free to do as they pleased but could get some degree of freedom if they played by the rules. Fleissner (238) explains that it is sometimes possible to break away from convention when one took on the stand that Adele did. However, this only proves that society is restrictive and that one can never really enjoy their free will.
Once again, this propagates typical naturalist ideals. In fact, it can be argued that the ‘awakening’ discussion in this book occurs when the protagonist realizes that she must be careful about what she says. The awakening is not in finding what needs to be said but in finding the things that must be kept under a lid (Fleissner 239). Thus, realism in “The Awakening” is not evident.
We will write a custom Essay on Naturalism in “The Awakening” by Kate Chopin specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Edna does not find her voice, as is the case in particular romantic literature. Instead, she finds out what she cannot utter. The best depiction of this occurs when she fails to find the right words to explain to the doctor why she had to leave her children.
In this sense, she cannot say certain things to him as convention dictates. Overly, this society is one in which the self must be negated and forgotten to gain an identity as a mother. Adele was able to tap into the happiness and freedom of expression that her kind can enjoy only when she canceled out her wishes and needs. Thus, the book has an evident theme of feminism.
Conclusion This author was responsible for portraying naturalism in “The Awakening” because this movement tended to focus more on the moral vice. The author appears to tolerate moral vice even at a time when her society could not fathom it. She stresses individual needs and also talks about sexual freedom or freedom to communicate, especially as a woman. She brings out the frustration of not having control over one’s environment.
Works Cited Chopin, Kate. The Awakening. NY: Bantam classic, 1981
Pitzer, Michael. Two approaches to the concept of naturalism. Carbondale: University of Southern Illionois, 1966
The Rhythm Method: Unmothering the Race in Chopin, Grimke, and Stein” by Jennifer Fleissner, in Women, Compulsion, Modernity, excerpt on Chopin, 233-244
Thomas Jefferson’s Biography Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help
Thomas Jefferson (13th April, 1743-4th July, 1826) was the third President of United States (1801-1809). He is largely believed to be the chief author of independence assertion. He envisioned America as a great place of liberty and not only was he a figure of renaissance, but also of enlightenment.
He was fluent in more than five languages, and had scripted over sixteen thousand letters in the course of his life. He was qualified in many fields and could act as a lawyer, inventor, scientist, architect, statesman among many other professions.
In his life he had held many positions: elected to Virginia House of Burgesses, the Continental Congress as a delegate, Governor of Virginia; peace diplomat with Britain, Envoy to France; the French Court minister; Secretary of State; established Democratic-Republican party, established University of Virginia, Vice President of the United States and then President.
Jefferson was born to a wealthy family on a family farm in Virginia and had six sisters and three brothers. He was tutored in classical tradition by a learned man called Maury, he then attended William and Mary college at age sixteen and later pursued law under professor Wythe until he became a practitioner.
Besides practicing law, he represented the County of Albemarle in the Virginia Burgesses House. He later married and built a mansion called Monticello. Jefferson, while a member of the committee mandated to draft a declaration of independence, was selected by the committee to write the draft which he did and was later adopted (Hitchens, 2009).
Around June of 1779 he succeeded Henry as Governor of Virginia. His term as a governor was clouded by hesitation because of the war with Britain. He never vied for a second term and even wished the military could take over.
After declining to vie for a second term as governor he retired to his home to write, rest, and cater for his sick wife. While on retirement, Jefferson engaged in some writing where he took some notes entailing the (Virginia) state but this was never comprehensive. His wife passed at this time and he became traumatized.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, Washington appointed him to negotiate peace with the British a mission he never accomplished since peace was brokered even before he could set sail. In 1784 he headed to France as an associate diplomat. While in France he authored an article about ascertaining the ideal (standard) weights, right measures, and legal tender for the US. The year that followed saw him joining the cabinet as a full fledged member.
He served for a period of five years and returned to the United States. On returning home (in 1789), he was assigned more assignments in the then government headed by Washington. That put him in a very thorny and responsive position.
Jefferson, alongside many others, was central and important of the initial form the country was taking under the very first centralized administration.
Jefferson was stridently and continuously at odds with his fellow cabinet members (i.e. Adams and Hamilton), both of whom he would find to be too dictatorial and also too fast to take a great deal of power in the part of the new administration. It was this mounting pressure that saw him resign from his cabinet duties in the year 1793 and later formed his own party (Democrat-republican).
The competition continued. In 1796, Jefferson run for the presidency post, however, he lost and became the vice president under the man whom he thought too hard to put up with. The two only met once on the street and never communicated face to face during the whole term.
In 1801 he vied for the presidency and won this time round. He did serve for two successive terms and undoubtedly played a deciding fundamental role in forming the personality and the fundamental nature of the American Presidency.
For the duration of his presidency, the 12th alteration to the Constitution was made thus changing the manner in which the country’s VP was chosen in a bid to separate rival contenders from serving in the same office. He went on to carry out one address (state union) and later conveyed them, as generally obligated by the American constitution, only in black and white form.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Thomas Jefferson’s Biography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He also acquired Louisiana from Napoleon, broadening the borders of the nation far and wide and in the process creating the principle (manifest destiny).
Thomas Jefferson is among the central figures who participated in laying a firm foundation for the United States both as a leader and intellectual figure. His manifest destiny doctrine was used to ascend the country into a super power and is still in use to date.
He wished to be remembered for only two things; as the person who wrote the Declaration of Independence, and also the one who founded the University of Virginia. He died on July 4th, as the nation celebrated in unity the fiftieth anniversary of his authentic and splendid Declaration (Randall, 1994).
Reference List Hitchens, C. (2009). Thomas Jefferson: Author of America. New York: HarperCollins.
Randall, S. W. (1994). Thomas Jefferson: A Life. New York: Harper Perennial.
The Advantages of the Benefit Program Research Paper argumentative essay help
Benefits plan is crucial for the competitiveness of any company since it enables to attract and retain the most talented and productive employees.
At the moment, the benefits package of this company consists of health indemnity plan, disability insurance, and life insurance which are required by law. However, it does not meet the best standards established in various industries. This paper aims to work out a new benefit package and make several recommendations that can improve the compensational policies in this organization.
The management of this enterprise should not disregard the importance of the discretionary benefits that include retirement plans, paid sick leaves and vacations, tuition reimbursement, child and elder care, as well as vocational training (Schermerhorn, 2010, p 302; Condrey
Human Resource Management Process and Functions Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Human resource management can be described as the process of combining several factors and tasks in order to achieve the objectives of a company or organization. Others define it as the function within an organization that usually focuses on the hiring and allocation of duties in a company.
Most of the time, human resource management has thus been known to deal with issues related to people. These issues include among others: performance management, hiring employees, and duties allocation and employees motivation (Mathis
Report on Reading and Writing Report cheap essay help
Educational research on reading and writing has revealed valuable information about recent discussion of reading problems as well as effective strategies for improving this situation. In particular, much research has been done to evaluate such problems as reading approaches to children with disabilities.
Many programs have been developed for fostering children’s adjustment to particular reading instructions. In addition, the National Right to Read Foundation (n. d.) provides the examination of the programs on reading recovery whose major mission lies in evaluating the major effects of whole-language tutorial program (Federally Funded Research, n. d.).
More importantly, reading recovery program also strives to unveil the program is efficiency and implementation is not justified. Finally, educational research has also been dedicated to the discussion of reading models and theoretical frameworks that should be used to improve educational techniques.
While analyzing the history of reading, it purposefully to discuss this aspect from different points of view, beginning with history of reading and ending with contemporary achievements in this field.
In order to examine the historical development of reading, it is necessary to refer to the analysis and definition of spoken language and human communication and consider reading a necessity to sharing and retaining information (A Brief History of Reading, n. d.).
Examining such historical issues as the development of phonetic system and the invention of alphabet allows teachers to better understand what strategies and techniques should be applied to ameliorate children’s reading comprehension. In addition, a thorough investigation of reading history also helps realize the importance of reading as a means of information comprehension.
While comparing past achievements in reading and writing with the contemporary ones involving electronic and digital introductions to reading activities, it is worth saying that technology has greatly contributed to the development of reading techniques.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Report on Literacy Statistics According to the National Assessment of Adult Literary statistics (1990), more than 19.000 adults take part in state-level and national evaluations representing the US adult population. The evaluation provides the results from a 1992-2003 period to pursue the shifts in adult literacy.
The National Assessment of Adult Literacy also presents the information on the literacy performance and background characteristics to policy makers, practitioners, and researchers. The Literacy research involves a list of components that cover the extent of adult literacy in the USA.
In particular, it is based on background questionnaire that helps define the connection between adult literacy and demographic characteristics. Further, the research involves the prison component that evaluates the literacy skills of adults in state and federal prisons. Such aspect as health literacy is also crucial in assessing the adults’ abilities to apply their literacy skills for understanding health-related materials and forms.
Other research has been conducted assess the educational progress (National Assessment of Educational Progress, 1990). The project is aimed at evaluating students’ abilities in different subject areas, particularly in reading, writing, science, mathematics, the arts, economics, civics, and the US history.
The research discloses the results in instructional experiences, subject-matter achievements and school environment. It should be stressed that the National Assessment of Educational Progress (1990) does not reveal the results of separate students, but provides the scores of particular groups. In addition, while conducting research, the Committee has chosen particular groups for analysis due to the fact that those groups constitute special interest to the examination.
Reference List A Brief History of Reading. (n. d.). Live Link. Retrieved from http://www.liveink.com/whatis/history.htm
Federally Funded Research (n. d.). The National Right to Read Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.liveink.com/whatis/history.htm
We will write a custom Report on Report on Reading and Writing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More National Assessment of Adult Literacy (1990). National Center for Educational Statistics. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/naal/
National Assessment of Educational Progress (1990). National Center for Educational Statistics. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/
A Comparison of Organized Crime around the World Compare and Contrast Essay a level english language essay help
You here of human trafficking, drug trafficking, gambling, forced prostitution, fire arm dealings just to mention but a few. This is all the handy work of organized criminal groups.
Organized criminal groups have spread through the world in the recent past. These groups have used different ways but mostly illegitimate ways to do business in different countries for financial gain. This paper will look at organized groups in Japan, Russia, China, and Mexico and compare them to organized criminal groups in the united stases.
In definition, an organized criminal group is a planned group of three or more persons who have existed for a long period with the aim of committing offenses for financial or material gain (Abadinsky, 2000, p. 4).
Organized crime in labor have expanded their business beyond narcotics into kidnapping, migrant smuggling, and extortion. The trend at which it is growing is alarming. In Japan and China, the relevant authority is reluctant to crack down on commercial sex trade. This is because they don’t want to loose money from the tourists who visit.
In China the gravest organized crime problems are drug distribution that is characterized by the large number of heroin addicts. There is local and foreign based drug syndicate that does the distribution and purchases. The second is gambling and prostitution that is thriving. There is also an increase in violence.
The under world cartels are getting into legitimate business without recognition and armed groups engaging into political activities. Examples of such groups is Tong and triads also
Abadinsky (2000) argues that in Japan, there is a group called the Yakuza who are involved in gambling, prostitution, importation of drugs and victimization of legitimate businesses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a large population of illegal immigrants involved in organized criminal activities and heavily armed and dangerous. This groups use their wealth to lure people into sex, drugs, human trafficking. The only problem is that there is no pressure from any one to catch up with them
Mexico has been known for their hard drug that gets all over the world. Drug trade is the major booster that causes the money laundering syndicate to flourish in Mexico. According to (Rios and Sabet, 2008), drug trafficking is the fifth largest employer in Mexico. The drug barons have organized criminal groups that will lure the young and unemployed who will want to become rich within a day. There are major cartels that are in the form of criminalized groups that control the market.
These groups deal in weapons, human trafficking, brothels, and control the labor. They offer little incentives and promise for better life but in real sense they gain more. The government is fighting to end the organized criminal groups but forces within it derail the process.
The organized criminal groups are motivated by money and will do anything to safe guard their interests. Organizations from Mexico, for instance, abduct, torment and put to death members from whom the United States border agents have confiscated the consignment of drugs.
In the Russian federation, the approximated number of groups that stick themselves to the Russian mafias is 200 that are said to undertake their operations in virtually sixty states in the entire globe. These groups are embodied to be postulated in racketeering, hoaxing, revenue enhancement, hazarding, trafficking in drugs, starting fires, looting as well as execution. These kinds of persons enhance their businesses with the capital acquired from amerceable trade. They take oil and also are funded by militants.
Women’s trafficking is also carried out in order to make them prostitutes. They are forced into this trade and are put in brothels under tight security. Another major activity which many of these criminals are drawn in is arms trafficking and the subsequent money laundering of the proceeds from that traffic.
These proceeds are used to set up business empires in other countries like African countries. The kinds of persons found in this group are responsible for activities such as extortion, execution, weapon looting and arms smuggling.
We will write a custom Essay on A Comparison of Organized Crime around the World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One might think of which organized crime groups are found in the United States. The answer is simple. These same groups found in China, Russia, Japan and Mexico are in full operation in the United States. They have set up bases without being noticed and undertake to do illegal business at the expense of anything so long as they get money and material gain. The change that is evident is only that they are thought to be the cause of terrorism to the people of America.
The other contrasting thing is that the groups in America are not protected by government machinery unlike the groups found in Japan, Mexico, China and Russia. In fact, the federal government is on the hunt to fight down all these groups that are perceived to be a strain in the economy and integrity of the American nation.
The groups in their respective countries are given some protection by some top government officials who in return are given lump sum money to ensure the smooth running of their business.
The above mentioned groups acting in their respective countries are all in full operation in the United States. These groups have an impact on the federal government by weakening the economy with its illegal activities. The cause is that they evade paying taxes.
Organized crime networks operating inside the United States include, the Italian Mafia, Russian Mafia, Japanese Yakuza, and Chinese Tongs not forgetting the Mexican cartels (Stoecker
Informal Psychology and Psychology as a Formal Science Exploratory Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Psychology is a part of a social science that tries to explain why humans behave and do what they do. While normal people judge others unfairly, social scientists have been approaching the same matter by conducting experiments and research (Lahey, 2008). This paper will briefly explore the informal psychology, which is as old as man, and the scientific approach of psychology. In the end, this paper will recommend the best approach to psychology.
It is normal for us to judge others depending on how they appear to us. This informal type of psychology happens all the time without our concept. For example, when the year begun, a new student named Andrew joined our school. He does not talk much, therefore not so many people know about him. He walks extremely slowly, and he stammers. Last week, the basket ball coach (my coach) announced that Andrew will be joining the team for trial.
My team mates could only laugh, it was impossible to imagine Andrew making a basket let alone dribbling. Never before had we seen a man walking at that pace, desire to play basketball. To our surprise, it turned out that Andrew is a pretty good player. We later realized that we had formed an opinion about him without giving him a chance.
The scientific method of study in psychology can be divided into 5 steps. In the first step, the researcher observes a certain occurrence and comes up with a theory as to why it has happened. For example, a researcher may observe that 20 minutes afternoon naps are allowed in some offices. There is a probability that afternoon naps increase productivity of workers.
The researcher maybe interested in finding out whether the claim is true. The next step in the study is to come up with a hypothesis. In this case the researcher may come up with a hypothesis that says that; workers who take a nap after lunch, are more productive in the afternoon than the ones who do not.
After a hypothesis has been formulated, the researcher should design a study that will measure the two parameters to be compared; productivity and presence of 20 minutes nap. Since the productivity of people varies, the researcher will simply compare the level of productivity per subject, and then compare that trend with other subjects. Only when the trend is consistence, a conclusive remark can be made.
Productivity can be measured by the number of words the subjects type for 120 minutes. When the subject has taken a nap, he will be required to type for 100 minutes. If he has not taken a nap, he will be required to type for 120 minutes. In short, the test will compare productivity for a period of 120 minutes in 5 days. The researcher will then collect data; in this case, data is the number of words typed.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Afterwards, the researcher will deduce whether there was an increase in the number of words typed in the presence of a nap for each subject. If it is found that the majority had more typed words when they took a nap, then he can conclude that his hypothesis was right (Plotnik
Should Smoking Tobacco Be Classified As an Illegal Drug? Analytical Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Views and Values Held By Antagonist of Tobacco Smoking
Views and Values Held By Supports of Tobacco Smoking
Introduction As per the World Health Organization approximations, there exist more than one billion smokers globally. As a result of these, and the financial and political supremacy enjoyed by most tobacco manufacturing companies, in almost all global societies, tobacco is one of the legal substances that are widely used.
In America alone, as research studies show, one in five Americans is a smoker, a figure which adds up to more than 40 million smokers (Hendrick 1-2). As a result of these, smoking-related illnesses account for more than four hundred and forty six thousand deaths annually.
Further, annually the government spends millions of dollars to cater for the health needs of individuals suffering from tobacco related diseases. Although this is the case, the tobacco industry is one of the most profitable industries, a fact that has made it very hard for the government to illegalize the use of tobacco products (Maugh 1).
Therefore, although tobacco smoking is a practice that is legal and supported by a section of the community, there have been numerous calls to illegalize the practice, because of the different views and values that are held by most antagonists of the practice.
Views and Values Held By Antagonist of Tobacco Smoking Although tobacco smoking is a legalized practice, there have been numerous calls by antagonist of this practice for the need to illegalize the practice. One of the factors cited by most antagonist of the practice is that, tobacco is one of the most harmful substances that have remained legal for a very long time. Annually, numerous deaths caused by tobacco smoking related illnesses occur in America, a fact that the government seems to ignore.
As research studies show, tobacco smoking is one of the deadliest practices, which accounts for more than forty percent of the total number of hospital illnesses. This has made the government to spend billions of dollars to cater for the needs of these patients; something which supporters of the illegalization campaign believe can be avoided if the government illegalizes smoking.
Another reason which supporters of the illegalization campaign put forward is that, as compared to illegalized substances such are marijuana, cigarettes contain nicotine one of the most addictive substances, which most individuals take without knowing its dangerous effects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to these groups, it is very unethical for cigarette manufacturing industries to advertise their products to the public while ignoring to tell them, the dangers associated with tobacco.
As per most health research findings, most individuals more so children and smokers live in environments, which are not protected from the effects of tobacco smoking, because of the inadequacies of the regulations managing tobacco smoking.
Therefore, as per them, there is need for communities to speak in one voice and protect future generations from the harmful effects of tobacco smoking by forcing the government to illegalize the practice (O’Dowd 1).
Views and Values Held By Supports of Tobacco Smoking Contrary to the views held by most antagonist of the legality of cigarette smoking practice, most supporters of this practice believe that, every individual has the right of deciding what is best for their bodies. In addition, majority of the supporters of this practice strongly believe that, illegalizing the practice may worsen the situation, because it will lead to opening of black markets and springing up of criminal organizations.
In addition, supporters of this practice hold a notion that, illegalizing tobacco will be one of the taxing ventures that a government can indulge itself in, this will mean that the government has to be ready to spend more money on its criminal justice system and police departments.
In addition, these individual believe that, by illegalizing tobacco smoking the government has to ready to lose the millions of dollars, which it earns annually from the tobacco industry. Further, this will mean that it has to be ready to provide the enormous numbers of individuals who are likely to lose their jobs.
This is not practical considering the current unemployment status of the country; hence, illegalizing tobacco smoking, will be show of the not caring for its citizenry, a value that is cherished by those who oppose the illegalization campaigns (Nadelmann 1).
We will write a custom Essay on Should Smoking Tobacco Be Classified As an Illegal Drug? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Considering the numerous value and views held by individuals who support tobacco smoking and those who strongly oppose the practice, it is important for the government to leave the discretion of whether to smoke or not to individuals. However, to ensure that individuals are making right decisions, it is import for tobacco industries in collaboration with the government to provide the public with enough information on the positive and negative effects of tobacco smoking.
Works Cited Hendrick, Bill. Smoking rate is declining inn U.S. Web Med News. 2008. Web.
Maugh, Thomas. U.S. smoking rate hasn’t changed, CDC says. Los Angels Times. 2010. Web.
Nadelmann, Ethan. Keep cigarettes legal. Huffington Post. 2006. Web.
O’Dowd, Adrian. Tobacco and alcohol should be classed as dangerous drugs. BMJ Online Journal. 2011. Web.
Audience Analysis Argumentative Essay essay help online: essay help online
Communication should be given vital consideration when it comes to delivering a speech in a meeting. One should be able to contain the audience throughout the session. The characteristics of the audience are important and therefore whoever is address it should first put this into consideration before proceeding.
The speaker has to make use of various effective ways of message delivery in the speech. Putting all these things into consideration will facilitate the delivery of a good and appropriate speech that will keep the whole audience active despite its professional differences (May, 2005).
In any meeting, whether in a company or any other gathering, communication is mandatory. Any speaker should therefore to cautiously handle communication so that the message is received efficiently.
Communication is a major contributing factor to the achievement of any given company; hence, all means should be used to ensure that it is done in the most appropriate way. This can be done in many ways using various channels that will make the message delivery more simple and easy for both the speaker and the audience.
During any meeting in which one is expected to deliver a speech the audience is the most important group. The audience is the group that the speaker is conveying the information to.
The speaker should therefore put it into consideration because this is the group that will determine if the meeting and the communication was successful or not. An audience can be proven to be either interesting or dull and boring. This fully depends on the first impression that the audience will perceive of the speaker and the form of communication that the speaker uses.
The audience’s characteristics are many and they include the categories of the people that the speaker is to address during the delivery of the particular speech.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Managers, sales people, and customers could be present in the audience. These are people with different interests in the company, and it is important to consider all of them in the delivery of the speech. In cases where the speech is generalized, a section of the audience may feel sidelined (Redding, 2007).
The need or the background information is another characteristic of the audience. Most of the audience normally requires getting to understand the background information of the company during the meeting. Some audiences also prefer the use of definitions during the delivery of the speech.
The audiences do this to completely eliminate the possibility of some of them being lost along the way due to improper definition of terms they do not understand. Various audiences also have various needs; for instance, the managers may be interested in issues that pertain to the progress of the company and further strategies being laid.
On the other hand, sales people may need an increment of the commissions they are given during sales and generally an improvement in the returns that they may obtain from the selling of the company commodities. The customers may be concerned to hear about any measures being put in place to improve the quality of the products and other measures being put in place with the aim of satisfying the customers.
One of the main communication channels going to be used during the meeting is oral communication. This is the most challenging mode of communication as the speaker needs to win the interest of the entire audience and be keen not to engage in unnecessary repetitions during the speech. A tendency to fail to keep time during oral presentations is rife; hence, the speaker needs to budget time appropriately so as not to take unnecessarily long during the meeting
The other communication channel during the meeting is the slide show presentation. Most speakers use this method in many meetings of motivational talks and company meetings. Use of slide shows is a very critical form of communication that needs to accompany the oral presentation during a meeting. Through these slide shows, guidelines and main points can be given to the audience so the speaker may not deviate from the topic. In addition and time management is enhanced. This mode of presentation is also necessary if there is a need of displaying some pictures to the audience.
It is important to take into account some considerations during the delivery of the speech to this type of audience. One of the considerations is for the speaker not to assume that the individuals in the audience are the same (Cheney, 2004). This is because people react differently to different situations; hence, it is important to consider all these people during the delivery of the speech.
We will write a custom Essay on Audience Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The other major consideration is for the speaker not to assume an understanding of what others may say. As such the speaker will keenly listen to their questions and other contributions (Condril, 2009). In addition, nothing will be overlooked that may generate the feeling that one is ignoring a section of the audience.
As the speaker, one needs not to do things that may cause serious reactions from the audience. The questions one should ask oneself may be: Did I do anything that may have caused the individual’s or group’s reaction? (For example, common hand signals used to motion an individual to come toward you may be seen as a rude gesture in some countries).
It is also important to watch for cues that would indicate that the speaker’s behaviors or statements inadvertently were seen as threatening or insensitive. If the speaker thinks there could possibly be a misunderstanding, it is wise to assume responsibility and regroup (May, 2005).
For the delivery of an effective message, there is the need to give background information about the company at the start of the speech so as to bring all the audience at the same point of understanding. There is also a need to define important terms before proceeding with the report presentation.
The use of graphics is also critical to ensure that the message is well communicated. Graphics may include using projectors to ensure that the audience fully understands what is being handled. Lastly, for effective delivery of the message, the speaker needs to know the needs of the audience.
The speaker can do this by administering short questionnaires to the audience. This questionnaire seeks to identify the audience’s needs and will allow them to give their comments. There is need for the questionnaire to be reviewed quickly so that most important issues are handled during the speech.
Putting all the critical issues into consideration and trying as much as possible to involve all the sections of the audience will ensure that the message is fully delivered.
References Cheney, G. (2004). Organizational Communication in an Age of Globalization. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Audience Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Condril, J. (2009). Ways to Improve Your Communicatin Skills. New York: Three Rivers Press.
May, S. (2005). Engaging Organizational Communication. California: Goalminds.
Redding, W. (2007). Creator of Goal Minds. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
United States Foreign Policy Analytical Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
United States Foreign Policy
USA Foreign Policy during (1815-1941)
USA Foreign Policy during (1941-1989)
USA Foreign Policy during (1989-present)
Introduction Several countries today have established legal frameworks that determine how they relate with other nations. The United States of America has a comprehensive foreign policy which governs its relationship with other countries. “Since independence, the economy of U.S. has been flourishing and it is today one of the most developed countries in the world” (Hastedt 65).
This has given it a dominant position in the world political arena and it has also influenced how it deals with other nations. “The diplomatic affairs of this country are always under the guidance of the secretary of the State” (Carter 82). However, final decisions on diplomatic affairs are only made by the president.
America’s foreign policy has always been shaped in such away that it favors its interests. It protects its corporations and other commercial organizations from any unfair treatment and competition (Kaufman 15). This has always been done to ensure that no country challenge its economic position.
United States Foreign Policy U.S. has been using its power to suppress other nations that may be thinking of emerging as its competitor. For example it checked the influence of U.S.S.R. In order to continue dominating many countries, the U.S. government keeps on extending its authority and power over many nations.
“It has achieved this by simply influencing the social-economic and political institutions of some countries which are vulnerable to political influences” (Carter 130). Such practices are prevalent in countries which are poor and can not sustain themselves economically.
”Peace, prosperity, power, and principle,” have always acted as the guiding principles of U.S. foreign policy, and its interests revolve around them (Hastedt 29). The U.S. government has been striving to maintain these values, but the only thing that has been changing is the prevailing conditions which influence the manner they are achieved (Hastedt 30). We can therefore examine the foreign policies of U.S in the following phases.
USA Foreign Policy during (1815-1941) America came up with the policy of “isolation” after the end of its revolutionary war. According to this policy, US did not engage in conflict resolution programs and it always remained impartial whenever some European countries had a conflict with each other (Carter 101). For example, this was demonstrated during the First World War and it continued until the beginning of the Second World War. The main interest of US during the 19th century was to develop its economy and this influenced how it conducted its diplomatic activities with other nations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It forged trade ties with other countries which were ready to do business with it. In addition to these, it also engaged in building its territory through bringing more territories under its control. For example in 1819 it managed to conquer Florida; in 1845 it brought Texas under its control and the Russian Empire agreed to sell Alaska to US in 1867.
Imperialism was also partially practiced by U.S. “Foreign policy themes were expressed considerably in George Washington‘s farewell address; these included among other things, observing good faith and justice towards all nations and cultivating peace and harmony with all countries” (Carter 74). The US government in many cases declined to engage in signing treaties. For example it refused to be part of the “League of Nations” (Kaufman 67).
USA Foreign Policy during (1941-1989) There was a remarkable increase in U.S. engagement in peace initiatives during the post World War One, and this formed its key agenda in foreign relations. President Wilson came up with guidelines that were used in ending the First World War. The European powers had a meeting in Paris in 1919 in which they discussed the ways of solving the disputes which had previously led to war among them. “The Versailles Treaty was signed by the countries that attended the conference but U.S. government did not” (Hastedt 120).
This is because the US government felt that some of the members had contradicted some of steps which governed the treaty. U.S. also managed to carry out the disarmament program successfully in 1920s and it also helped Germany to reconstruct its economy which had been ruined by over engagement in war. U.S. tried to continue pursuing the policy of “isolation” during 1930s.
However, President Roosevelt joined the Allied powers during the Second World War and they managed to win it. Japan was forcefully removed from China by U.S. and they also stopped its possible invasion of the Soviet Union. “Japan was greatly humiliated and it reacted by an attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, and the United States was at war with Japan, Germany, and Italy” (Carter 190).
The economy of U.S greatly improved after the second war, while the other European countries grappled with economic challenges. It was now one of the greatest countries and its power and influence was felt in many countries.
USA Foreign Policy during (1989-present) The emergence of the cold war in the post war period led to the split of the world into two spheres. These two spheres were dominated by Soviet Union and U.S. Non Aligned Movement was developed as a result of this process. The Cold War period only came to an end towards the end of the 20th century. “A policy of containment was adopted to limit Soviet expansion and a series of proxy wars were fought with mixed results” (Kaufman 117).
We will write a custom Essay on United States Foreign Policy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Soviet Union completely collapsed after the U.S. war against Iraq (Gulf War). America joined this war in order to dislodge Iraq from Kuwait so that peace and stability could be restored in that country. After the war, U.S. shifted its policy from Iraq because it was trying to be a threat to its interests in the region of Middle East (Carter 195).
Conclusion America is still having an important role in world politics. Nonetheless, it is facing much opposition and competition from other countries like China. Its dominant role and influence has gone down and many countries from Africa are currently shifting their diplomatic relationships to the East. “U.S. foreign policy is characterized still by a commitment to free trade, protection of its national interests, and a concern for human rights”. A group of political scientists contend that the super powers seem to be having similar socio economic and political interests, and if they can find a good opportunity to pursue them together then we shall have a prosperous future.
Works Cited Carter, Ralph. Contemporary cases in U.S. foreign policy: from terrorism to trade. Washington D.C: Press College, 2010.
Hastedt, Glenn. American foreign policy. New York: Longman, 2010.
Kaufman, Joyce. A concise history of U.S. foreign policy. New York: Rowman and Littlefield , 2009.
American Government, Balancing Democracy and Rights Essay essay help
Chapter One Landy and Milkis’s discussion demonstrates that the discovery of America was a process that hardly begun with Christopher Columbus but begun many years earlier when the first people crossed the Bering strait as early as 9000 BC today known as Alaska,2.
The crossing led to the creation of a new continent, a new civilization, new tools, and new interactions with European settlers. These settlers interacted with the natives and largely influenced the natives’ way of life. These interactions also led to constant conflicts with the natives and the settlers eventually losing to the settlers.
A typical example of the outcome of the conflicts could be linked to the discovery of 10,000 skulls by the Spanish in 1517. That was before Columbus’s visit. At the time, the new civilization groups from the south and Central America developed numerical systems, accurate calendars and tools for their self defense. Both the South and the North civilizations consisted of agrarian societies.
The growth of population, diseases, commerce, and dreams for new treasures, led to the voyages of Christopher Columbus into the new colonies leading to the establishment of new English settlements, French settlements, and the Spanish settlements. Religion played a critical role in colonial settlements in America.
Chapter Two The new settlements and the spirit of colonization, though for a time dampened by the Roanoke fiasco, were actively revived by propagandists like Richard Hakluyt. New settlers arrived after experiencing severe voyages into the Americas. The new English’s settler never integrated native Indians into their social lives.
Colonization of the societies was characterized by greed, diseases, political mistakes, kidnaps, wars and political unrests, and religious squabbles. In addition to that, the insatiable need for the commercial interest of the Europeans led to the establishment commercial ventures such as the Virginia Company among other commercial ventures. Commercial ventures and other interests led to the European contest for the colonization of North America largely influenced by the scramble for available resources.
That was also evidenced by various acts that gave England an advantage to collect taxes on goods exported from the Americas. The scramble led to the creation of several states among them being the south western Borderlands, etc., and dominant middle ground societies, culminating in the glorious revolution as a new administrative structure (Landy and Milkis), 34.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Chapter Three The administrative nature of the English led to the amalgamation of the colonies into the English culture leading to cultural influences in subsequent periods on the natives. With time, the colonial population grew exponentially outnumbering the native population. That was due to improved living conditions at the time.
In addition to that, it population growth and demand for labor led to the establishment of different servitude systems as a source of labor particularly in established plantations and the agrarian sector. Women were very important especially in the emerging agrarian economy as they were viewed as weak and basically meant to serve the needs of their husbands (Landy and Milkis),66.
The need for cheap labor especially in rapidly developing tobacco plantations reinforced the demand for more slaves Africa, driving the Portuguese who had practiced the trade to intensify it from West Africa. The trade contributed to the rapid growth of the new America that was experiencing new developments of witchcraft, religion, education, and political orders. The concept about law was the basis of the constitution that lead to the great imperial crises after the 1750s.
Chapter Four By the 1750s, the establishment of the British Empire experienced no objections from most Americans, who largely benefited from trade protection, trade benefits, and military protection. However, later differences were manifest leading to the 1775 war, the beginning of the American independence. That was largely due to political and religious tensions that were characterized by conflicts such as the Anglo French conflicts, and later wars between the French and the Indians.
These wars served the basis of a number of treaties, lack of commitments to run the colonies, and approaches to integrating colonies such as the great stamp act of 1765. A string of protests due to colonial resistance were catalyzed by incidents such as the Boston Massacre, leading to the basis of the philosophy of the revolution. The colonial masters were hated and people wanted new leadership, leading to revolutions that lead to the change in the course of history (Landy and Milkis), 102.
Chapter Five The turning point was intensified by a seven year war which commenced on April 1775 that was characterized by both political and military. The political affronts stemmed from the need to establish structures and the military affronts were identified with the British. That was the beginning of the war for independence with different perspectives on the administrative styles and structures.
That saw states mobilizing themselves for war traversing New England, Mid Atlantic region in 1776 to 1778, amassing resources for war, with a gradual influence and perspective of the war. The war has since been argued as a social or political.
We will write a custom Essay on American Government, Balancing Democracy and Rights specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The consequences of the war led to the establishment of new institutions and state governments in a confederate. In addition to that, the revolution was the genesis of many unanswered problems such as the state of the native Indians, land distributions, and a new political order (Landy and Milkis), 128.
Chapter Six The confederation was a source of discontent for most Americans and the inability of the confederate to effectively and satisfactorily provide solutions for economic problems, instability, factions, and rebellion despite the adoption of a constitution leading to huge subsequent political wars.
However, advocates of a new government came up with several conventions that led to opponents and proponents of federalism, such as Hamilton.
That was when the federal program was enacted and the beginning of the rise of republicans and federalists. The establishment of national sovereignty was enforced and a number of treaties signed such as the jay treaty. Subsequent events led to the election of Thomas Jefferson to presidency leading to the dawn of a new era of political tranquility (Landy and Milkis), 163.
Chapter Seven Thomas Jefferson’s era was marked with a vision of educated and sturdy citizens, independent farmers, and a diversified economy. It was during Jefferson’s era when bureaucracies that dominated government operation were dismantled. The era saw the implementation of new learning institutions such as the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school.
At that time, the spirit and ambitions that dominated current societies at the time were political and economic centralizations. However, these ambitions led to a war between America and Britain that settled leading to the period referred to as an era of goof feelings and nationalism in 1812 (Landy and Milkis), 183.
Chapter Eight At that time, diverse nationalistic views espoused by Americans included the quest for nationalism, with the adoption of the declaration of independence as distinguishing marks of the Jefferson era. America experienced a rapid growth of its economy in the 19th century, stimulated economic growth, a better transportation system, diversification of industries, rapid patterns of migration westwards, leading to the era of good feelings.
Agreements were signed in this period that saw different parts being incorporated together, establishment of courts, rising opposition, and new presidential elections that led to a new dawn in American history. Landy and Milkis), 216.
Not sure if you can write a paper on American Government, Balancing Democracy and Rights by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Chapter Nine No distinctions of class were evident at the time when Andrew Jackson was inaugurated as president before a large assembly of people in 1829, an era commonly referred to as the age of Jackson. The era was characterized by a concerted war against class, legitimization of political parties, a distinct view of democracy, and views about the concentration of power in Washington. The period marked the removal of the Indians for settlers, and a strong federal bank. Landy and Milkis), 234.
Jackson was the driving force behind new approaches to the changing face of politics, later seen as a nationalist. However, new coalitions led to the capture of power and the election of the Whigs president.
Chapter Ten An exponential rise in the American population, rapid immigrations, and the rapid growth of the agricultural economy, urbanization, created the trend for economic growth. In addition to that, rapid industrialization with the advent and discoveries of new technologies, improved communications infrastructure, and efficient communication added to the economic growth of America. Canals were developed, elaborate rail transport system were developed giving rise to the new age of commerce and industry.
Factories were created and rapidly developed with new sophistications, improved living conditions, unequal distribution of wealth, changing cultural trends in the mid nineteenth century leading to a widening of the gap between the North and South Landy and Milkis), 260.
Reference List Landy, Marc and Milkis, Sidney, M. 2008. American Government: Balancing Democracy and Rights. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2 edition.
Psychology in Daily Life Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Psychologists and researchers have studied the development process of intelligence and personality of human beings in great detail and have proposed numerous methodologies that trigger this process. According to recent studies individual learning process is the primary factor that contributes to the development of an individual’s personality and intelligence. (Bhattacharya, 2006, p. 90)
As stated by Carl Jung, “Personality is the supreme realization of the innate idiosyncrasy of a living being”. Having mentioned that, an individual’s personality and intelligence are two factors that tie in with each other greatly.
Superior intelligence gives rise to better learning and as a result paves way for further development in the individual’s traits and personality and affects other areas of the individual’s functioning such as memory, social interactions and behaviour, and tendency to adopt certain behaviour. (Bhattacharya, 2006, p. 90)
Intelligence is said to affect various facets of personality and is considered to be an integral part of personality by researchers. The Intelligence-personality relationship is a highly complex one, fundamentally because both these phenomenon affect each other in so many ways that it is difficult to determine whether it is personality that affects intelligence or vice versa. Furthermore, as an individual ages both of these phenomena become more and more intricate and complex. (Weiss
Hemingway’s Code Hero in The Old Man and the Sea. Traits college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Honor and Integrity
Grace under Pressure
Determination to Succeed
Introduction Ernest Hemingway, a modernist,the author of The Old Man and the Sea, The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell To Arms, etc presents unique characters in each of his literature compositions. Referred to as the Hemingway code heroes, these characters portray stringently enforced laws of behavior, which allow them to live up to the richness of their lives. Hemingway sets a good illustration of code heroes. These are not people bearing occult powers or people campaigning for truth or justice.
To solve the misconception, Hemingway sets in with his The Old Man and the Sea, featuring Santiago, an aged angler and an epitome of code heroes. Santiago displays many code hero qualities, including the three essential code qualities of honor and integrity, grace under pressure, and determination to succeed.
Honor and Integrity Santiago lives his life with honor and integrity. With this quality, he passes for a code hero, as the author illustrates. He is a man who knows well that respect is two-way traffic, and for him to be respected, he ought to respect others in return. However, according to him, it matters less whether he will gain respect by the end of the day.
All he knows is that he bears the obligation to respect people as well as their decisions. Though aged, he enjoys the company of the young boy, Manolin. On one fishing occasion, Manolin tells Santiago, “And the best fisherman is you…No I know others better” (23). This drives home the point that Santiago is a man of honor, not necessarily in the field of fishing, but in life in general.
He deserves credit as the boy puts it. In his struggle with the fish, Santiago, as Hemingway’s code hero in The Old Man and the Sea, utters words that point out his level of integrity. He respects and loves, not only people but also animals. ”Fish, I love you and respect you very much…But I will kill you dead before this day ends” (Hemingway 54).
In addition, he uplifts the dignity of all people, despite their differences. He symbolically says that all of them can fish to show how he respects their varied capabilities. Building on these deductions, it is inferable that honor and integrity form part of Santiago’s life as one of the main values.
Grace Under Pressure Santiago displays grace under pressure when he tries to catch the marlin and get it back home. It costs him his time, energy, and a good deal of patience to make the catch. Although he finally makes a catch, it proves hard for him to draw it into the boat. However, he does not give up. His eyes are set only to his goal, a token of grace. In fact, as his hands and fingers ache because of his struggle to pull the marlin, “He rubbed the cramped hand against his trousers and tried to gentle the fingers” (Hemingway 60).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The gentling of the fingers is the sign of grace during the pressing situation of his hands. In another case, Santiago symbolically graces himself with the words, “But I must have the confidence, and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel” (Hemingway 68).
He strives to imagine a day when he will be as great as DiMaggio, who is a famous baseball champion. He is his model, and therefore, even if pressed by life’s circumstances, as his fishing, he knows that he can pass for a great person. Thus, the author qualifies in developing the character of grace under pressure as possessed by code heroes like Santiago.
Determination to Succeed According to Hemingway’s code hero definition, this is a person who possesses courage the determination to succeed, Although Santiago has not caught a fish for a very long time, he sails to the sea every day and is determined to succeed in the catching. Even after sailing far in the sea without making any catch, he never gives up. “Everything about him was old except his eyes, and they were the same color as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated” (Hemingway 49). His wide-open and cheerful eyes in his old age show how he is determined to live and not to die.
When he catches the huge marlin fish, it pulls him for three consecutive days and nights, but Santiago does not let go of it. In addition, the blood that the fish smears on the seawaters attracts other predators that fight to take the fish from the hands of Santiago. In response, he fights them back, killing as many of them as possible.
In the process, he says, “I’ll fight them until I die” (Hemingway 115), words that reveal his determination to succeed in taking the fish off the sea. In his claim, “…a man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated” (Hemingway 103), which is no more than a sign of his determination. Therefore, Santiago bears the code hero characteristic feature of being determined to succeed.
Conclusion Santiago has the important code hero traits of honor and integrity, grace under pressure, and determination to succeed. Hemingway qualifies in defining a code hero.
Technically, he drives away the prevailing misconception about code heroes. The aged angler carries the day through the way he stands as an illustration of code heroes. Though aged, he stands out as a man of honor and integrity. He owes respect and love to all, whether young or old.
We will write a custom Essay on Hemingway’s Code Hero in The Old Man and the Sea. Traits
Buddha Image in Asian Art Work Essay essay help online free
Buddha image is one of the most prominent and the origin of Asian art work. This image is inclined more towards Buddhist religion which most Hindu’s believe (Krishan 62). Before Buddha image came in to existence, Buddhist never used to worship images or forms.
The man behind the religion was called Buddha Vakali and he was devoted to teaching people concerning this religion. He taught them against worshiping images since he made them believe that God was formless (Coomaraswamy para. 8)
Until the 1st century AD, Buddhist followers remained faithful to his teachings and never used to worship the Buddha image. However, after Buddha Vakali passed on, some of his followers were worried that he would never come back. One of the Buddha’s disciples Maudgalyayana invested magic and sent some thirty two artists up to heaven in order to capture the image of the god Buddha used to teach them about.
It is therefore believed that the author of Buddha image was Shakyamuni, one of the artists sent to heaven by Maudgalyayana who can be considered as the patron of this art work. When Shakyamuni together with the other thirty one artists went to heaven, they captured the image and the likeness of Buddha in a five feet figure curved out of sandalwood.
When they returned from heaven, it is recorded that the image was such perfect that it rose up to greet Shakyamuni. It is said that the first person start worshiping this image contrary to Buddha teachings was king Vadya of Vatsa, yet he was a very devoted follower (Coomaraswamy para. 8).
Since the first Buddha image was curved, many artists have curved and painted a variety of images according to a person’s belief of how Buddha is supposed to look. Most of these images resemble human beings whereby their major purpose is worship and continuity of the religion (Krishan 62). Buddha images are usually made for Buddha followers and they are usually kept in their houses of worship to ensure that every person is in a position to worship without limit.
The first Buddha image was curved in sandalwood though this has been changing with time (Coomaraswamy para. 8). Today, most of these images are made of precious stones though there is a wide variety of wooden images since the image is regarded with a lot of respect due to its religious significance. However, most artists have turned this in to business whereby they finance projects for making Buddha images after which they sell them in order to recover their money as well as making some profits.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People have come up with various postures of Buddha sculptures depending on the belief of the events that took place in his life on a particular. There are seven postures of the image representing the events that took place each day (Thong para. 1). All the Buddha images carry the message of Buddha’s superiority as the only image that should be worshipped on land.
Most Buddhists have responded positively to the work of the first person who came up with this image since they have continued worshiping the image and it has spread out to many parts of Asia.
The various Buddha images are a great investment in Asian Art work. Their popularity across the world has enabled many people see the potential that lies among Asians and their ability to communicate through art. Apart from Buddha images, Asian artwork is recognized worldwide and generates a lot of revenue to the Asians both locally and across the geographic boundaries.
Work Cited Coomaraswamy, Anada. Origin of Buddha Image. Controversial History, 2009. Web.
Krishan, Yuvraj. The Buddha Image: Origin and Development. New Delhi, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1996. Print.
Thong, Ang. Buddha Images for the Seven Days of the Week. Buddha Images, 2011. Web.
Malevolence of Cancer Research Paper essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Background Information on Cancer
Common Causes and Symptoms of Cancer
Research and Investigation on Cancer
Recent Advances in Treatment or Cure of Cancer
Introduction Cancer can be defined as a set of diseases which are caused by uncontrolled growth of cells in the body. The abnormal cells in the body usually segregate uncontrollably and affect other body tissues as they are spread very fast through body fluids for instance the blood and the lymph. It is a condition that is very severe and accounts for a great percentage of deaths world wide.
It is the most frightening cause of death in the world due to its effects and symptoms and the fact that it can be suffered by every person irrespective of age. It is the second major cause of deaths after the heart disease.
There are various types of cancer (more than a hundred) which can be categorized as sarcoma which entails the cancer that begins in connective tissues for instance the bone and blood vessels, leukemia which originates in tissues that deal with blood formation like the bone marrow, lymphoma which affects the immune system cells, cancer of the central nervous system that starts from the spinal cord and brain tissues, and carcinoma that originate from skin tissues (Anonymous 1).
Background Information on Cancer All kinds of cancer conditions start in body cells which are the most fundamental units of life. Cancer occurs when normal body cells change and become cancer cells. There are various kinds of cell that make up an individual’s body. The cells usually grow and segregate uncontrollably producing more cells that are necessary for maintaining good health in the body.
As the cells grow, they get old or / and damaged and the formation of new cells is essential for their replacement. Cancers however occurs when the process of the growth of a cell is disrupted or when it occurs abnormally for instance when the body cells fail to die at the required time or when new cells are made when they are not needed in the body.
The excess cells may lead to development of tumor which in most cases is cancerous for instance the malignant. However, not all kinds of cancer cause tumor.
Cancer is not a new disease and has existed for many years. The word cancer traces its origin from Hippocrates who was a general practitioner from Greece. The very first recognized and documented cancer case was in Egypt and it was on breast cancer.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The treatment that was readily available was cauterization which utilized the principle of burning the affected tissues. There was very little information about cancer as opposed to what is known today and the little that was believed about it was actually false for instance, the people believed that it was a disease caused by the gods.
Hippocrates also thought that cancer was caused by the existence of excess black bile in a particular place in the body. However, there has been a lot of developments and understanding on the aspect of cancer as discussed later in this paper (Fayed 1).
Common Causes and Symptoms of Cancer Different kinds of cancers share some common characteristics in terms of causes and symptoms for instance; the common causes are; radiation, consumption of tobacco, viruses, consumption of poisonous mushrooms and chemicals like benzene. The common symptoms on the other hand include; sweating at night, weight loss, and loss of appetite, fever, fatigue and chills (Grady 1).
Research and Investigation on Cancer The cancer condition has attracted a lot of debate and concerns and various individuals, groups and institutions have undertaken some research and investigations on the issue so as to help answer questions related to it and give a clear understanding to all those involved such as the medical practitioners, patients and even those involved with taking care of the victims for example relatives and those in institutions that deal with the affected like the hospice or homes for the terminally ill.
There have been various beliefs on the aspect of cancer including the origin, causes and even ways of treatment.
It is for example less likely for people to believe or understand that cancer can be caused by yeast or even fungal infections.
It is however true that even though cancer is believed to have its origin in genetic cell mutations it can also be caused by other infections for instance from bacteria, molds, fungi, viruses and even yeast as asserted by Dr. Andrew Dannenberg who is a director at the New York- Presbyterian hospital’s cancer center (Rudel 1).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Malevolence of Cancer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some of the findings from the research and investigations are as follows; Leading cancer organizations in the United States of America for instance the U.S. National Institute of Health and the National Cancer Institute assert that recently there has been a decline in the rates of both diagnoses and death from all the various types of cancer in men, women and children and also on almost all the races and ethnic groups that constitute the United States of America’s population (Anonymous 2).
The new cases of diagnoses as per the year 2010 were 1,529,560 exclusive of skin related cancers while the deaths were 569,490 which are much lower than the rates in the previous years for instance the World Health Organization estimated that there was a total of 6.2 million children, women and men who succumbed death in the year 2000 (Delfino and Day 2).
Most researchers have found out that medicines that are prescribed for the prevention or treatment of diseases caused by fungal and bacterial infections are responsible for killing cancer cells. These medicines are believed to offset tumors hence killing the cancer cells.
There has also been evidence that doctors and other medical practitioners usually use some wrong forms of medication in treatment of cancer and most patients die due to improper treatment. A good example is the use of chemotherapy in treatment of different kinds of cancer whereas it has been proven that it can not cure most cancer types like breast and lung cancer (Rudel 1).
Research has also shown that nutrients or dietary aspects are of concern in our ability to fight the cancer ordeal. Poor measures in our nutrition for instance low levels of intake of some nutrients like vitamins, calories, minerals and proteins can make our bodies to be less effective in detecting and fighting germs and infections.
People who lack some nutrients, that is, they don’t consume a balanced diet are more likely to have some infections including cancer as opposed to those people who eat healthy and balanced meals. The consumption of processed foods should be avoided since indispensable nutrients are usually absent in them and therefore not healthy due to their inadequacy.
The existence of damaged cells is also a factor that researchers have deemed to exacerbate the occurrence of cancer as the cells become prone to toxins and other harmful substances making them to develop into cancerous conditions. This condition is very dangerous as it exhibits all the aspects associated with cancer as the cells do not function well and are prone to infections making a person weaker day by day.
The environment can also act as a element that affects the cancer condition for example when the patient is exposed to a polluted and contaminated environment, he or she is more likely to suffer adverse effects of the cancer condition as opposed to a patient whose environmental conditions are not polluted.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Malevolence of Cancer by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Recent Advances in Treatment or Cure of Cancer Due to the dangerous effects of cancer and the fact that it claims a lot of lives in different parts of the world, both the developed and the developing countries, there has been the need to come up with ways of dealing with the situation.
The treatment of cancer has proved to be a very difficult task especially due to the fact that the patients seem to lack hope of getting better as they usually have the mentality of dying.
There has however been a change in perception and people have started taking it as any other disease as much information about it has been disseminated and people can take it positively knowing that there are ways of treating or reducing its effects.
The belief that cancer is an obscene and shameful disease is also long gone (Shapin 1). The treatment varies on the basis of the kind of cancer and the extent to which the cancer has infected an individual, that is, the stage of the disease. For instance, if the cancer affects a specific part of the body and has not spread, surgery works best through removal of the affected area such as the breast.
Radiation and chemotherapy are the other forms that can be applied in treatment of cancer especially where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body apart from the place of origin and surgery cannot work. Some cases may be very complicated and may require the combination radiation and chemotherapy or even surgery, radiation and chemotherapy (Grady 1).
The mistake comes in when the doctors adore some forms of treatment and use them improperly with the aim of getting the expected results for instance the application of chemotherapy in treatment of cancer have been seen to be emphasized by many doctors even when it does not seem to work and other options could be considered.
There has along been a need to improve the therapies and means used in treatment of various kinds of cancer with an aim of enhancing the outcome on the patients. One of the considerations is the adoption of engineered delivery systems that are deemed to promote efficiency in administering the drugs used in the chemotherapy process.
Novel technology is also a development in the treatment of cancer. This is a technology that enhances the identification of the antibodies that could be in the body or blood.
It usually work on the principle of detection of abnormal glycoprotein that are usually produced by cancerous cells hence making it possible to detect cancer and therefore take necessary measures to avoid its adverse effects. Another major advanced treatment for cancer is the bone-marrow also known as stem-cell transplant therapy.
This therapy entails the extraction of the bone marrow prior to the provision of the drugs used in chemotherapy. It is after the inducement of the chemotherapeutical medicines that the bone marrow is re-implanted back into the body and some medication given to enhance the recovery process and hence boost the immune system of the victim.
This method has proved to be efficient and effective as compared to the traditional means in which chemotherapy is administered as the cancer cells usually dies off completely and the cancer do not come back a circumstance that is very common when traditional chemotherapy is applied for treatment of cancer.
Administration of new and advanced drugs that are effective in killing cancer cells is also a step towards improving the treatment of cancer. It also allows the patient to undergo more sessions of chemotherapy which increases the chances of survival. Other drugs are also used to combat the side effects of chemotherapy.
The application of gamma knife in brain tumor surgery is another improvement that has enhanced treatment of cancer as it avoids the risk of causing damages to the brain. It utilizes direct radiation to the affected area and takes a very short time. This and other developments in the various kinds of cancer that have brought a lot of hopes to all the people involved including the patients and their relatives (Mae 1).
Conclusion It is evident that cancer is a very serious condition in the world and in as much as various oncologists are making it look simple through their genetic theories and explanations; it is still a complicated aspect.
The research that has been carried out by various researchers has however helped in the understanding of the general ideologies surrounding the cancer condition for instance the aspects related to environment, nutrition, cells growth and emotions and their effects in causing cancer or affecting its condition.
Works Cited Anonymous. “Cancer.” Medicine, 2010. Web.
Delfino, Michelangelo and Day E. Mary. Cancer: We Live and Die by Radiation. New York: MoBeta Publishing, 2006.
Fayed, L. “The History of Cancer.” About.com Guide, 2009. Web.
Grady, D. “Cancer Patients, Lost in a Maze of Uneven Care.” The New York Times, 2011. Web.
Mae, W. “New Lifesaving Advances in Cancer Treatment – Preventing Cancer: What We Know Today.” Findarticles, 1995. Web.
Rudel, C. V. “Understanding the Condition of Cancer.” Winning the War on Cancer, 1994. Web.
Shapin, S. “Cancer World: The Making of a Modern Disease.” New Yorker, 2010. Web.
Charles Chesnutt’s “The Wife of His Youth” Research Paper essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
The Blue veins society
The bequest of the late 19th-century war
Liza’s visit to Ryder makes him change his mind
Introduction Charles Chesnutt is a short story writer cum novelist who was born in 1858. He was an African born in America, and he can be considered as one of the most influential African American writers.
He wrote fiction stories in the 19th and 20th centuries most of them talking about the problems faced by the blacks in a white country. Chesnutt was born in Cleveland by African American who emigrated from the south (Wilson 2).
He has published many books, and one of them is The wife of His Youth which was written in 1899. This story explores the moral conflicts and strain experienced by people of mixed-races who lived near the color line. The title of this story implicitly registers the difficulties that are always evident in the relations between the “vernacular” and “mainstream” cultures in America (Chesnutt 4).
The Blue veins society Chesnutt’s story of the color line begins; Mr. Ryder was going to give a ball”. Mr. Ryder, as we find in this story, was the dean of the Blue Vein Society based in Groveland (this was a fictional city referring to Cleveland where Chesnutt was born). The Blue vein is a society made up of the black which was set up after the war of the late 19th century to maintain right social principles among the races which were considered minor by the white.
Chesnutt describes this society with sarcasm as he states, “the society consisted of individuals who were, generally speaking, more white than black” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 1).
Some of the members who were not favored in this society made suggestions that only the white people who would show white veins would join the community. That is the reason why the society was referred to as the blue vein society, and the members were called the Blue veins. To some extent, this society was established on biological and cultural criteria.
It is compromised by the tendency of Americans of the 19th century to make distinctions based on color. In some essence, it was a kind of racism of the white supremacy where people were taught to despise people who are not of their color.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is illustrated clearly in the story when Mr. Ryder is allowed to speak, he says, “I have no race prejudice, but we people of mixed blood are ground between the upper and the nether millstone” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 3). He continues to say that their fate is torn between being absorbed by the white or extinct by the black.
The bequest of the late 19th-century war The story, “The Wife of His Youth” is about the bequest of the war of the late 19th century. Mr. Ryder who is the star separated with his wife because of the war, and it had been over twenty-five years since they were together.
He happens to be in love with Mrs. Dixon, a widow from Washington who had gone to visit friends in Groveland but decided to stay indefinitely. On the afternoon of the ball when Mr. Ryder was going to propose to Mrs. Dixon, Liza Jane (his former wife) visits him and made him change his plans about marrying Mrs. Dixon.
When Mr. Ryder meets Liza Jane, he knows that he is the man she is looking for although he did not want to show it. The writer explains it as a painful and challenging curiosity. It can be supposed that Ryder remembers his encounter with Liza the moment Liza mentions the name Sam Taylor to him. The writer notes that Mr. Ryder seemed “to think for a moment” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth”5).
Maybe he was trying to recall the events that led to the turn of things. He admitted to having had stories of women looking for their husbands but thought that had ceased with the war. He goes further to ask Liza “to refresh his memory” meaning that he knew very well who she was although Liza could not recognize him.
To some extent, some of his replies to Liza seem to be true in some sense because as he says, Sam Taylor might have died and Ryder was born in his place. He does not even understand what has become of his wife, she looked dark and older than he was and he felt for her learning that she had been searching for his husband for twenty-five years.
He had a new name, and according to him, his marriage to Liza was not binding. All mixed-race marriages were regarded as slave marriages and were assumed null and void after the war unless they were renewed.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Charles Chesnutt’s “The Wife of His Youth” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It was over twenty-five years since Liza was separated from her husband and therefore their marriage was not binding. To make it worse, Sam was under a new name. However, Mr. Ryder never re-married and Liza re-appeared when Ryder was about to express his interest to Mrs. Dixon; he was actually about to marry her.
The writer (Chesnutt) does not condemn any of Ryder’s acts of beating around the bush about Sam Taylor. He comments some of his acts, for instance, he says that “he generally shared his house with some young couple, who looked after his wants and were the company for him; for Mr. Ryder was a single man” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 2).
The thought of marriage had never crossed his mind even though, for many ladies, he was quite a catch, and many would do anything to capture him. It was not until Mrs. Molly Dixon went visiting in Groveland that Mr. Ryder wished to get married.
Liza’s visit to Ryder makes him change his mind After the appearance of Liza, it became clear why Ryder had resisted all his suitors all that time. In some sense, he was married, although that marriage was not binding. Maybe his feelings about the laws regarding slave marriages not being just, and some affection for the wife of his youth prevented him from re-marrying.
It was not until he met the most ‘charming’ lady, Mrs. Molly Dixon, who was a widow and whiter than the rest members of the blue skin society, that Ryder thought of changing his status to that of the married man. No one knew his past, and no one could even estimate his age, Mrs. Dixon could be the age of his daughter, but that did not deter him from falling for her.
When he was parting with Liza, Ryder told her that, “I don’t know of any man in town who goes by that name,” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 7). He was telling the truth because for sure there was no one under that name, but the real truth remained with him.
He goes ahead to say that, “nor have I heard of anyone making such inquiries”, he was kind of stating a fact and he was very keen with the use of words and not at one time during the conversation did Liza suspect nor recognize that he was Sam Taylor who she had been looking for all that time.
After parting with her, he went to the mirror and saw two different persons in one. He was in a dilemma torn between two identities. It was entirely his decision to either live with the two personalities or choose one over the other. The writer acknowledges the darkness that Ryder was in and how he made a choice to come out of it.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Charles Chesnutt’s “The Wife of His Youth” by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He was a wise man and having lived and served in the blue vein society; he knew they were the right people to help him out of his dilemma. He put forward a hypothetical case of a man like him to the Blue veins who had been invited in his house for the ball and let them give their opinion of what a man in such a situation was supposed to do.
He asked them whether he was supposed to acknowledge and accept back his first wife, or go ahead and marry the woman he had fallen in love. None of the Blue veins had an idea of what Ryder was talking about and Mrs. Dixon was the first to answer, “He should have acknowledged her.” All the other Blue veins agreed with that opinion just as Mr. Ryder himself had expected, having known them for quite some time.
He then turned towards, “the closed door of an adjoining room, while every eye followed him in wondering curiosity” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 10). After a few minutes, he came back hand in hand with his afternoon visitor, “who stood startled and trembling at the sudden plunge into this scene of brilliant gayety” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 10).
The visitors were astonished and waited eagerly to hear what Ryder was up to; he went ahead to say, “this is the woman, and I am the man, whose story I have told you. Permit me to introduce you to the wife of my youth” (Chesnutt, “The wife of his youth” 10).
Conclusion To some extent, Chesnutt is writing about the relation of the black culture to the standards of the white which were never judged justly.
It is clear that he hopes to achieve some triple unity.
Unity of the black both middle and working class, whom he felt would make progress in fighting for the civil and political rights of mixed-races; a unity of legendary and dialect cultures upon which indisputable mythical art could be produced and unity of the black and the white upon which the color-line could be surpassed. In this restrained story, Chesnutt deals with some matters related to self-hatred that had been left upon the culture of the black by the white supremacy.
He was one of the people suffering from this type of hatred having been brought up and raised in a white country (Lauter, Alberti, Yarborough, and Brady 246).
This can be observed in the way he describes Liza Jane with disgust; he talks about her toothless blue gums which could only be visible after opening her mouth since she was so dark. He goes ahead to talk about the white wool, although he is maybe referring to Mr. Ryder.
Works Cited Chesnutt, Charles. The Wife of His Youth. New York: Mifflin and Co. Not dated. Print.
Chesnutt, W. Charles. The Wife Of His Youth: And Other Stories Of The Color Line. Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1968. Print.
Lauter, Paul; Alberti, John; Yarborough, Richard; and Brady, Mary. The Heath Anthology of American literature, Volume C: Late Nineteenth century: 1865-1910, Volume 3. London: Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.
Wilson, Mathew. Whiteness in the Novels of Charles W. Chesnutt. New York: Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2009. Print.
Fast Food and Hate Groups Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The name of the hate cult group is the healthy people’s family which is focused on creating a lot of negative publicity for the fast food industry that is promoting a lifestyle of obesity and nutritional deficiency in the country. The group was started thirteen years ago in response to the increasing rates of obesity around the world which were mostly attributed to the growing fast food industry and the unhealthy food served in most of these restaurants.
The group was founded by two members, Marcus Harvey and Thomas Pendgrass, who held the belief that fast food, violated the bodies of human beings, making them unclean and unhealthy.
They established the healthy people’s family based on the notion that the global fast food industry was designed to solely eliminate the nutritional and healthy lifestyles of people around the world (Cox et al, 2009).
The two founders established a paradise that would offer the cult’s members a lifestyle that is free of any unhealthy foods that were being pushed on people by the fast food industry.
In 1999, Harvey and Pendgrass acquired a large 14 acre farm in the outskirts of Missouri, USA where they would go on to establish the healthy people’s paradise. The large piece of land enabled the various members of the group to grow nutritional and healthy foods which included cabbages, carrots, fruits, lettuce, onion and parsley.
In the farm compound there were three buildings where one was used as the food store, the other as a gathering place and the other as a place for sleeping. All male and female members shared the same quarters and they were all required to participate in health living activities.
On joining the group, new members had to first undergo a cleansing ceremony conducted by Marcus Harvey himself because he considered himself to be the prophet of purity and health in the world (Cox et al, 2009).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The cleansing ceremony involved swimming in a drum of beet root juice that had been fermented for two days after which members would be required to drink the same juice to signify the entry and exit of unclean food particles which the new member had brought with them into the family. Harvey would then proceed to cleanse the member’s feet and hands with the milk of banana tubers which he himself produced to signify their new beginning as healthy people’s family members.
Harvey would lay his hands on the member’s heads to reconfirm them to the group after which the members would swear an oath to Harvey and Pendgrass that they will uphold the beliefs and convictions of the family. Once members joined the healthy people’s paradise, they were not allowed to leave unless they violated or went against the healthy lifestyles of the group.
Harvey elected himself as the overall leader of the group and even went as far as claiming that he was a prophet sent from God to warn people of their unhealthy eating habits. He believed that God would send an apocalypse to wipe out the earth of all unholy and unclean human beings if the fast food industry was not done away with. Because of his elevated status, Harvey changed his name to that of Prophet Marcus because he believed that he had a connection with a higher power.
This elevated status saw him rewarding himself with worldly pleasures; alcohol, women and drugs such as heroin and cocaine as well as marijuana which was by then being grown in the paradise’s farm.
Pendgrass on the other hand did not take Harvey’s new found leadership and change of identity too kindly especially when Harvey tried to steal Pendgrass’ wife away from him. This caused Pendgrass to have a physical confrontation with Harvey that ended with Pendgrass bitterly leaving the paradise without his wife who was eight months pregnant with Harvey’s child.
Prophet Marcus, as he now came to be called, continued to grow his flock by touring the various towns in Missouri, trying to convince the people there that food generated by the fast food industry in the country was killing the American population.
He even went as far as stating that the poultry and meat products used to make burgers and pies in McDonald’s fast food restaurants were genetically modified and the genetic material altered the DNA structure of human beings causing them to physically mutate over a certain period of time.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Fast Food and Hate Groups specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He convinced the people in Missouri that the healthy people’s family had been chosen by God to be the ambassadors of reform and change in the country at a time when the government was plagued with a health crisis that threatened to declare obesity as a national disaster.
While some of his convictions were false and at times absurd, the healthy people’s family continued to acquire new members in Missouri and the neighbouring states within the first five years of its establishment. This increase in group members was mostly attributed to the increasing number of Americans who wanted to lead a healthier lifestyle by doing away with unhealthy food produced by the fast food industry.
Five years later after the group was established, the number of members had amounted to 1,055 men and women who co-habited together within the walls of the healthy paradise farm. This large population demonstrated that Prophet Harvey and his members were developing a strong hold over the fast food industry in the country.
To further reinforce himself as a leader of the healthy and living, Harvey built a shrine for himself that had a water fountain in the middle which was meant to symbolise the fountain of youth. He also developed a healthy people’s doctrine that would be used to govern the people of the paradise farm which had now grown to be a 100 acre farm.
The doctrine stipulated that people living in the paradise had to cleanse themselves with the juice of a tree bark once every three months and bathe in the nearby river to signify their continued rebirth into a healthy lifestyle.
According to Harvey’s doctrine, all members were required to forfeit their worldly possessions so that they could fully be embraced into the paradise (Zablocki
The History of Virginia Development Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Resistance from the natives
Introduction Native Americans were the original inhabitants of Virginia. They settled in a geographic area known as Commonwealth Virginia. However, European settlement started in 1607 when they settled and established Jamestown. This was the beginning of European colonization in the area. With the emergence of tobacco export, there was massive importation of Africans who provided cheap labor for the profitable venture. This made Virginia to be the most populated and wealthiest British colony in northern America.
Native Americans The present Virginia was in the past inhabited by native indigenous communities which date back thousands of years ago. The population was composed of many tribes, the Algonquian forming the largest group. They had a population of around ten thousand individuals living in the coastal area up to the fall line.
Other groups included Iroquoian and Siouan who lived in the interior parts of the region. The Algonquian controlled most of Virginia before the arrival of the Europeans. They had formed an alliance with almost all the tribes called Powhatan Confederacy.
This whole empire was under one chief called Wahunsunancock during the late sixteenth and early seventieth century. Although they were peaceful, issues relating to land and ownership of other important resources created mistrust and indifference creating conflicts among the natives.
The colonialist The Europeans arrived in Virginia in May 1607 under the Virginia Company of London and settled at Jamestown. During the first few years, Captain John Smith kept the colony alive by making peace with the natives and getting food. Virginia usually had a period of drought after every three years. However, due to the good relation between the Europeans and natives the natives usually supplied them with food during these hard times. The colony was not as productive as they thought until the arrival of Governor Thomas West in 1610.
He saved the colony from collapsing after the failure of setting up industries such as glassmaking, ship building and production of naval stores. The Europeans started to plant tobacco from 1612 which was a profitable venture. They also imported slaves from Africa to provide cheap labor in the farms.
In 1624 the British government revoked the charter of Virginia Company of London and made it its first royal colony in northern America. In the years that followed the colony expanded to the north and to the west. There was also political maturity producing strong leaders in the lower house of assembly who wanted independence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Resistance from the natives Tobacco growing leads to exhaustion of soil thus the settles needed more land for replacement. This lead to the clearance of the surrounding forests which the natives had used for hunting.
The increasing number of Europeans coupled with clearance of their hunting grounds made the natives to defy the encroachment by the settlers. The Indian massacre of 1622 and the war of 1644 were as a result of this resistance.
The natives however did not match up to the Europeans and the introduction of infectious diseases such as measles and smallpox declined their populations drastically. By the mid 1700`s the eastern part of Virginia up to the fall line was under the rule of Europeans. The surviving populations of the natives were assimilated into the colonialist population.
Conclusion Most of northern America was inhabited by Indians and other native communities including Virginia. British settlers first arrived in Virginia in 1607 and settled in Jamestown, a town which they later developed.
In the early years they lived in harmony with the natives but once they started to increase in number and occupy more land for tobacco farming the natives started to fight for their land, a fight which they lost making Virginia to become a complete colony of the British.
Social Theories of Crime in Explaining Gang Violence Analytical Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Techniques of Neutralization
Social Bond Theory
Social Reaction Theory (Labeling Theory)
Introduction A social theory is a correlation of principles in helping to understand social life. These theories are meant to be used as models to explain human behavior in relation to other forces. The frameworks in which the social theories are applied are founded on quantifiable social facts which can be tested scientifically.
It is the role of criminological theorists to collect data, build a hypothesis and eventually put them to test empirically. For a social theory to be valid, the hypothesis stipulated should be in line with research data. Innovative methods are sometimes used by criminal theorists to evaluate the validity of a social theory.
For instance criminologists could compare the effect of adding enforcement party in a particular field such as the National Hockey League. As the referees are increased in the field the number of penalties decreases. This could be compared to the crime sector where increasing the number of police decreases the crime rate in a given area (Siegel, 2009).
Disorganization theory The theory deals with the surroundings in urban life in relation to rates of crime. The urban environment may be somewhat disorganized since the social entities such as schools, businesses and family setups are not discrete hence fail to function as required. Lack of jobs, inadequate schooling, poor housing, low earnings, and high number of illegitimate children characterize the state of social disorganization.
Those living under such conditions go through conflicts and desperation which leads to engagement in antisocial activities (Siegel, 2009). Gang violence results from such a set up where the rising cost of urban life dictates engagement in such activities as commercial prostitution.
Strain theory According to Siegel, “strain theory holds that crime is a function of the conflict between the goals which people have and the means they can use to obtain them legally” (2009). For instance, many people aspire to acquire wealth, fame and power although their capabilities depends on class and those of lower class struggle to acquire their desires conventionally. As a result, they are filled with frustration, desperations and prejudice or what is described as strain.
They either become socially responsible by learning to live under their state or else could opt to engage in other socially unacceptable ways to acquire their desires e.g. through burglary, drug cartels or other violent activities just like in the disorganization theory (2009).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cultural Deviance This theory incorporates the strain theory as well as the social disorganization it points out that as a result of strain and societal segregation there is a particular culture that establishes for the low income earners in the disorganized setups. Therefore, specific aspects of this culture contradict with the ordinary social norms.
Criminal behavior accelerates in this neighborhood which is a way to conform to their practices and not a way to rebel from the societal norms. These practices are reflected into the upcoming generations through cultural transmissions (Siegel, 2009). In disorganized social setups, juveniles acquire criminal practices when they associate with gang members or even their older family members.
As a result, criminal traditions are retained in these social setups and even continue reinforcing them by mastering the art. The criminal traditions compete with the accepted social norms and outdo them thus the morally degraded practice is handed over from one generation to the next.
There is coherence in the practices in the disorganized neighborhoods and young children readily learn them as they interact socially thus high rates of gang violence. On the other hand, organized areas are characterized by convectional practices and are somehow insulated from external influence (Lillly et al, 2011).
Differential Association The theory was proposed by Edwin Sutherland to point out the diffusion of delinquency. He stated that criminal activities are learnt in a social context. Individuals learn moral or immoral acts as they intimately interact with other individuals who belong to a particular group.
As learning occurs, there is transmission of immoral behaviors from the immoral persons and given the opportunity, an individual has a choice to act as such ( Winfree
Two Ethical Cases and Their Implications Analytical Essay best essay help: best essay help
It is very hard to comply with professional ethics when making decisions because at some instances, legal and ethical inconsistencies arise resulting into a dilemma. According to Davis, “being ethical does not always mean following the law, and just because something is possible does not mean it is ethical, hence the dilemma” (353).
Since persistent dilemmas do arise in various professions, professional bodies have formulated code of ethics, which stipulates the conduct and prescribes ethical values that the members should uphold when faced with dilemmas in order for them to make the right decisions.
In this regard, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) formulated their code of ethics to regulate the conduct of their respective engineers. This essay explores two ethical cases and discusses their ethical implications with respect to the American Society Civil Engineers code of ethics.
The Case of Art Ainsworth In this case, Art Ainsworth has ethical obligation to take further action by informing the building authority about the status of Walter’s residence. One of the fundamental principles of the code of ethics demands engineers to use their knowledge and skills in improving the welfare of human beings; therefore, it is quite ethical for Art Ainsworth to report the matter to the building authority.
Basing on canon one, section one “engineers shall recognize that lives, safety, health and welfare of the general public are dependent upon engineering judgments, decisions and practices incorporated into structures, products, processes and devices” (ASCE 22).
In this case, engineer Art Ainsworth has recognized the structural deficiency in his client’s residence and further advised on the emergency measures required to avert the impending injury or loss of life.
Even though his client, Walter Weakly through his lawyer orders him to take no further action, canon one, section three prescribes that it is ethical for him to furnish information regarding violation of canon one.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since Art Ainsworth is an employee of his client and has received legal notification from his client to take no further action concerning his residence: it results into legal and ethical complication.
Canon four of the code of ethics requires engineers to act faithfully and avoid conflict of interests emanating from their professional role. The fact that Art Ainsworth had offered to provide engineering service to repair his client’s residence but the client declined and furnish him with legal objection, shows that conflict of interest exists.
Code of ethics canon four, section one states that, “engineers shall avoid all known or potential conflicts of interest with their employers or clients and shall promptly inform their employers or clients of any business association, interests, or circumstances which could influence their judgment or the quality of their services” (ASCE 23).
Therefore, despite the fact that Art Ainsworth has ethical responsibility to take further action since his client has not repaired his residence according to his recommendation, taking further action will have an ethical setback due to the conflict of interest.
Whether public or private building, engineers have ethical responsibility of ensuring that they utilize their skills and knowledge optimally for human and environmental benefit.
According to canon one, “engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public and shall strive to comply with the principles of sustainable development in the performance of their professional duties” (ASCE 22).
Hence, Art Ainsworth has ethical responsibility of ensuring that the residence of his client meets the required standard for safety and welfare, and this has no effect on the course of action Art Ainsworth should take.
We will write a custom Essay on Two Ethical Cases and Their Implications specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Given Art’s situation, I would have given the same recommendation to Walter Weakly; that his residence requires immediate repair due to the impending snowstorm, which may cause injury or loss of life. By doing this I will be acting within the code of ethics and ethical test that are imperative in decision-making.
Since code of ethics demands professional action in ensuring safety and welfare of humanity, compelling my client to repair his building in due time is ethical.
In my case, I would have not offered to provide repairing services because it is unethical because it creates conflict of interest, and furthermore, it does not pass ethical tests such as defensibility test, virtue test, reversibility test, and professional test. (Davis 365).
Professional ethics prohibit engineers from soliciting or accepting gratuities from their clients and therefore, offering to provide engineering services to the client is unethical.
The Case of Richard Jones Richard’s actions are in violation of the ASCE code of ethics, canon one, section two, since he fraudulently signs and seals the documents, which he did not prepare. Canon six of the code of ethics requires engineers to uphold dignity, honor, and integrity of their profession.
According to canon six, section one, “engineers shall not knowingly act in a manner which will be derogatory to the honor, integrity, or dignity of the engineering profession or knowingly engage in business or professional practices of a fraudulent, dishonest, or unethical nature” (ASCE 24).
Richard’s actions do not pass ethical tests of reversibility, defensibility, professional and organizational test, thus quite unethical.
Richard could have taken other actions in order to conform to the ASCE code of ethics and pass various ethical tests. To avoid fraudulence, Richard could have advised his client to terminate his contract legally with the other engineering firm before reviving their business relationship.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Two Ethical Cases and Their Implications by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Alternatively, he should have demanded a fresh start of the document his client wanted approved rather than approving the work of others.
Canon 5, section two prescribes that, “engineers should negotiate contracts for professional services fairly and on the basis of demonstrated competence and qualifications for the type of professional service required” (ASCE 24). To pass reversibility and professional test, Richard should have considered his building professional reputation and give fair competition.
If I were in Richard’s position, I would consider legal and ethical implications that would arise. Firstly, approving the work of others is not only against professional ethics, but also it is a criminal offence of fraud, and I would be liable to prosecution in a court of law.
Secondly, signing and sealing the work of others as though my own work will earn me a bad professional reputation that will lead to my suspension or even expulsion from the American Society of Civil Engineers and subsequent doom of my professional career.
Canon 6, section one, states that, “engineers shall not knowingly act in a manner which will be derogatory to the honor, integrity, or dignity of the engineering profession or knowingly engage in business or professional practices of a fraudulent, dishonest or unethical nature” (ASCE 24). Basing my decision on this stipulation, I would have considered following legal and ethical procedures that would enhance my reputation and give fair competition to others.
Works Cited American Society of Civil Engineers. “ASCE Code of Ethics.” The Fundamental Principles of the ABET Code of Ethics of Engineers. (2006): 21-25.
Davis, Michael. “Developing and Using Cases to Teach Practical Ethics.” Teaching Philosophy 20. (1997): 353-385.
“The Odyssey” by Homer Essay online essay help
The Odyssey is the story of an old man (Odysseus) returning home and a young man (Telemachus) venturing out in search of himself. Telemachus, throughout the story, considered the heroic Odysseus as his model.
Throughout the story, there is a constant struggle of the growing Telemachus to imitate the actions of his father and then eventually become like him that he comes to an end of his journey. In the beginning of the poem, Homer does not give any indication to the readers that Telemachus will eventually go on a journey like his father.
Telemachus’s headway towards this goal actually shows how difficult were the goals and ventures of Odysseus. The text of The Odyssey presents a single framed narration of the hero, Odysseys, and the journey of a child, Telemachus, into manhood. This essay will demonstrate the comparisons and contrasts the tale draws between the two central characters of father and son.
There are distinct similarities between the character of Odysseus and Telemachus. The resemblance are so close that in one account Penelope had to reverse the procedure in identifying the true identity of her visitor as Odysseus.
In Odysseus 4, Helen’s description of Telemachus actually shows the close physical resemblance between the two characters. However, as a character in the book, Telemachus is often found to move under the shadow of his father’s heroic feats.
More about The Odyssey What’s the Role of Phemius in the Odyssey? 5 264 Which part of the Odyssey is about learning patience and humility? 5 216 What does Mentor do for Odysseus in the Odyssey? 5 63 Which excerpt from The Odyssey best shows that the ancient Greeks greatly valued the idea of home? 5 268 Which excerpt from the Odyssey best demonstrates the importance of perseverance in Greek society? 5 119 What are some of the apparent values in the Iliad and the Odyssey? 5 98 Odysseus is hailed a hero for his heroic adventures and conquests in the battle of Troy. Telemachus too tries to emulate his father, and like him, goes out on a voyage, but fails to attain full respect like his father. Therefore, a continuous struggle is observed in the text wherein there is continuous comparison between the two characters.
The writer, the readers, does it and even by Telemachus himself who felt that, he could never match up to his father’s valor. In Odyssey 2, the episode in which Telemachus leaves a sword in unlocked room that helped the suitors to possess arms to combat the former.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Odysseus, though had made mistakes, could not be expected of making such a careless mistake. Eurymachus states that Telemachus could never muster the courage and conviction to face the threats of the suitors. In another instance, Leocritus points out that Telemachus may not venture out in a journey even after continues encouragement from his elders.
Homer’s epic poem portrays the character of Telemachus as a son who takes change of situation due to an absent father. Only till the father returns to take back the reigns. Therefore, to a great extent the character of Telemachus and his adventures hs been belittled in the text. However, Telemachus does show a sense of pride in his family and blood when he says that he will not shame his family.
Odysseus is critical of Telemachus when they reunite after the former’s return to Ithaca. Telemachus expresses his doubt on their reunion if the man who had transgressed from a beggar to the state of a hero could really be his father, to which Odysseus answers with impatience that had he not been the real father he would not have returned to Ithaca after twenty years of toiling.
In general, the characters of telemachus and Odysseus reflects on that of an obedient son tied by his duties and a gentle father happy to reunite with his family.
The poem stresses on equality and a cordial relation between Telemachus and Odysseus. However, it cannot be overlooked that the poem is more about Odysseus, who fought at Troy, and his grand heroic adventures and that of a mediocre son who lived a mundane life in the island of Ithaca encompassed by his family duties.
Tesco History Corporate strategies, corporate social responsibilities and Advertising Descriptive Essay cheap essay help
Tesco UPL started in London’s East End. It was founded by Jack Cohen as a one man business. He was a son of a tailor and when he started it, he specialized in selling groceries in the markets of London East End. The company started in 1919 and it adapted its brand name Tesco on 1924.
The brand name was delivered from a combination of the initials of its former supplier T.E. Stockwell (TES) with initials (CO) from his surname. Thus, the misconception that the brand name Tesco originated from a combination of his name Jack and his presumed wife Tessa is wrong, since he has never been married to such a woman.
Tesco started its first store at Burnt Oak, in 1929 and it started trading its shares in London Stock exchange in 1947. It was in 1956 that it started its first self-service store and first supermarket in St Albans and Maldon respectively (Tesco Corporate Profile (2004, para.5).
Tesco has expanded greatly to be the biggest chain of supermarket in United. Internationally, it is placed at position four after Wal-Mart of United States on America, Carrefour of France, and the Home Deport also from the United States of America. Tesco has been successful in opening stores in 14 countries in Europe, North America and Asia.
The company has expanded his line of production from specializing in selling groceries by also stocking consumer goods, financial services and Telecoms that has enabled it generate revenue of £3.41 billion annually(Tesco Corporate Profile (2004, para.7).
Tesco-Corporate Strategy Tesco’s expansion over the last three decades comprises of a complete change of its strategy and image. In its early years it used a strategy that was known as ‘pile it high, sells it cheap’.
This strategy was initiated by Jack Cohen and was very effective by then, but latter it was not successful in selling the brand to the middle-class customers, since they had a poor image for the brand. In 1970s, many consultants recommended a change of the names of its store due to their poor, an issue that was never implemented.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They latter changed their strategy that enabled them establish a well consistent growth that facilitated it in 2005 to become the biggest retailer market in United Kingdom with a domestic grocery market share of 29% compared with 16.8% of Wal-Mart who were formerly dominating the market. The company established a strategy that that was aimed at broadening the scope of the business. This was meant to ensure that the company delivers a strong sustainable long-term growth.
This new strategy entailed expanding the domestic markets to offer diversified products such as non-food, telecoms and financial services. This strategy which was initiated in 1997 is the one that ensured the growth and success of the company. This strategy comprises of five elements;
Core UK: Tesco has the biggest domestic market in United Kingdom. Approximately 70% of their growth and profit occurs in UK. It has over 2,200 stores that have enabled to employ more than 285,000 people. Its expansion in UK happens as a result of extending its established store, opening new store and lastly by the strategy of multi-format approach.
Its sale of non-food has greatly boosted the expansion of the company. To sell its products, Tesco has adapted five diverse store formats which are costumed to meet the needs of their customers. They are categorized according to what they stock and size. They include;
Express (up to 3,000 sq ft)
Tesco has more than 960 such stores that sell a range of up 7,000 products to their customers. They are located close to where their customer live and work for convenience while buying. They stock high quality and fresh food stuff, wines and spirit.
Metro (approx. 7,000-15,000 sq ft)
The company has more than 170 metro. The first metro was established in 1992. Metro are aimed at enhancing the conveniences of shopping in towns and city centers. They stock variety of products including sandwiches and ready-meals,
Superstore (approx. 20,000-50,000 sq ft)
Tesco have more than 450 such stores that stock a wide range of products. Nowadays they have diverse products that include non-food products such as books and DVDs
We will write a custom Essay on Tesco History Corporate strategies, corporate social responsibilities and Advertising specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Extra (approx. 60,000 sq ft and above)
In the United Kingdom, there are over 175 such stores. They stock a wide range of non-food and food products. These products include clothing, health and beauty, electrical equipments and others. The Homeplus is another store that is on trial .They are 10 in numbers and are aimed mostly at stocking on non-food products.
Apart from Tesco designing its stores in various formats to suit its customers, it offers its products in a broadened appeal. Tesco is continually investing to expand their line of production to offer their customers a wide variety of products to choose from. Tesco products enable various people to purchase their different products to supplement their lifestyle. For instance, their nutrition labeling educates their customers on the key information that enable them make an informed decision when buying from their stores.
The recent economic depression had challenged their business greatly and as a result invented 500 more products that will enable various categories of customers to buy various products at a cheaper price without compromising on quality. Tesco stores are designed to appeal all the classes of their customers in reference to their social economic status.
They ensure it by forming a slogan named ‘I’m not aware of any other retailer achieving’ this slogan has enabled Tesco appeal to every segment of UK market.
Tesco Clubcard is a global leading loyalty card scheme that has information that enable Tesco understands its customer better and give them an opportunity to appreciate their customer for shopping with them. Tesco possess more than 8 million distinct coupons. Each clubcard mailing designed to reflect the type of bid suitable for any of their customer. The company has more than 15 million active cardholders.
Tesco is the biggest private employer in UK with a workforce of more than 285,000. The company offers its customers packages of pay and benefit like children care vouchers or Save As you Earn. This is a scheme for saving that enables their customer to purchase shares at a discounted rate (Tesco PLC, 2010 Para. 6).).
In summary, Tesco has used the strategy of diversification to become among the leading firms globally.
The ability of the firm to succeed in selling its own-brand to its customers has helped the company make sufficient profit as this strategy ensures that a company retains a higher percentage of the overall profit. Thus, the company has enough resources at its disposal to expand to other places locally and also globally.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tesco History Corporate strategies, corporate social responsibilities and Advertising by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Another strategy adapted by Tesco is core UK business. This involves stocking of grocery in its home market. This retailing is characterized by very strategic moves that entails opening large scale store in areas that other competing firms have shunned to explore. This strategy gives Tesco the advantage of being the first entrant thus; concentrating on establishing a strong brand in those areas such that other competing firms cannot be able to match its performance when they venture in these areas latter on.
Non-food businesses-Apart from being successful in its grocery business, Tesco has also diversified its operations to include non-food products such as cloths, electronics, health and beauty products among others. This new diversification has ensured high revenues and especially in Ireland where it records very high revenues due to the sale of CDs. Retailing services;-Tesco has also expanded its operations to offer services such as personal finance.
It has succeeded in the retailing services by entering in joints with other main players in the sector. This has strengthened its brand and expanded its customer base. Other competing firms in UK have also adapted this strategy, but Tesco have implemented it more strategically a move that has ensured this venture very profitable (Tesco PLC, 2010 Para. 8).
For example, Tesco clients enjoy banking services from Tesco Bank which was initially a joint venture between Tesco and the Royal Banking of Scotland. It gives its customers offers on various products such as loan, credit cards among others. This new service ventures helps the firm record very high profits that assist the firm to venture in new services or areas. Tesco is also engaged in the cell phone industry.
It cells various home phones, mobile phone and broadband business to various consumers across the globe. It has liaised with successful experts of existing telecom operators.International-Tesco started to expand outside UK in early 1994, and in 2005 it was successful to globalize approximately 20% of its operations mainly in central Europe and Far East (Tesco PLC, 2010 Para. 10).
Tesco Social Responsibilities Buying and selling their products responsibly: Tesco have thousands of suppliers globally. They prefer their suppliers to be innovative and dynamic. To ensure it, they spend approximately £800m of their turn over in United Kingdom for local sourcing. Tesco verify where their products originate from and also ensure they are produced in accordance to their standards.
To achieve a very competent workforce that will be dynamic and very effective, Tesco has trained more than 400 suppliers in China, India, Bangladesh, Spain and United Kingdom on how to enhance labor Standards to realize a workforce that is self motivated and very competent (Tesco Corporate Social Responsibilities, 2010, Para.2).
Protecting the Environment: Tesco is committed in ensuring that its activities have very little negative impact on environmental. It achieves this by leasing with its supplies and encouraging them to ensure they use environmental friendly production methods to minimize pollution. Tesco has a vision to reduce its carbon emission to zero by 2050 by adapting the following strategies. Reducing carbon emission in all the new stores they will erect and the existing ones by 2020(Tesco Corporate Social Responsibilities, 2010, Para.3).
Creating good jobs and careers:-Tesco employees are more than 285,000. Thus, Tesco expansion is an assurance that it will continue to give people more employment opportunities that assure them of a daily source of income for themselves and their families (Tesco Corporate Social Responsibilities, 2010, Para.3).
Assisting customers make healthy choices:-Tesco products are labeled accordingly to assist various customers make informed decisions, while buying from their stores. They encourage their customers to purchase and eat more vegetables and fruits. It is done by offering discounts and promotions on such products.
They occasionally take direct roles to ensure that their customers get healthy. They encourage people to lead active lifestyles. Healthy lifestyle helps one to balance the energy they consume to the one they expend. Some of the strategies it has adapted to make sure people live healthy lifestyles is by supporting aerobics and soccer tournaments for its customers (Tesco Corporate Social Responsibilities, 2010, Para.4).
Advertisements Tesco capitalizes on the power of strategic advertisement to sell its brand locally and globally. It is noted as one company that uses very many advertisements yearly. It’s advertisements emphasis about affordable prices for their products and on healthy living. Tesco’s marketing department is very dynamic and innovative on the most successive advert to employ.
The following are examples of adverts that have been used in the past; in 1982 it used its famous advert referred as “Checkout 82” .this advert involved a till with receipt coming from it with various prices. In 2003 Tesco advertised through adverts that comprised of items and shopping trolley that contained information about Tesco. Currently, Tesco is using adverts that comprises of celebrates such as the Spice Girls
In conclusion, Tesco can be considered as a very successful company that originated from scratch to become a global company through its strategic chose of its corporate strategy,
Social responsibility and Advertising. Thus, it can be a good role model for those upcoming companies that they can live beyond their odds to become among the leading organizations in the world.
Reference List Tesco Corporate Profile (2004). Retrieved from https://corporatewatch.org/tesco-company-profile/
Tesco Corporate Social Responsibilities (2010). Retrieved from https://www.tesco-programmes.com/
Tesco PLC (2010) .Tesco Strategy. Retrieved from https://www.tescoplc.com/about-us/
Why it is Safe to Say that Northrop’s Book Exposes the Roots of Racism in America Argumentative Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
The Main Thesis. White People Racism
Introduction Nowadays, it is being commonly assumed that racism is nothing but simply one among many extrapolations of people’s simple-mindedness, which in its turn, implies essentially irrational subtleties of a racialist worldview.
Such point of view endorses the application of environmentalist approach to deal with the issue – political activists, affiliated with ‘eracism’ agenda, never cease suggesting that the key to eliminating racism in America is education. At the same time, the very concept of education, as we know it, is also being increasingly criticized on the account of its ‘euro-centrism’.
Nevertheless, given the fact that racial tensions continue to affect the dynamics within American society, it will only be logical to hypothesize that the emergence of white racism has been predetermined by objectively existing laws of historical dialectics.
In this paper, we will aim to substantiate the validity of such our suggestion at length, while referring to the book The White Man’s Burden: Historical Origins of Racism in the United States by Jordan Winthrop, because this book offers a rather comprehensive historical insight into discussed subject matter. And, it is namely by assessing the significance of racism from historical perspective that one will be able to gain a better understanding of racism’s actual essence.
The Main Thesis. White People Racism The foremost thesis of Winthrop’s book can be outlined as follows: the reason why, throughout the course of 17th-18th centuries, white people were growing increasingly intolerant towards blacks is that, at the time, there was a plenty of objective reasons for them to draw parallels between blacks and apes – after all, upon being encountered by European explorers in Africa, African natives were pursuing with essentially savage mode of existence, while going as far as cannibalizing each other in routinely manner. 
Throughout the course of Exploration Era, Europeans used to embark upon lengthy voyages to the furthermost corners of the Earth, and yet, with the exception of what it used to be the case with Chinese, Japanese and Native Americans, they were often realizing that local populations had failed to advance even beyond the Stone Age.
And, the fact that the extent of these populations’ visual ‘darkness’ appeared to correlate with the extent of their civilizational achievements in counter-geometrical progression, confirmed the validity of European view of colored people as being somewhat less human.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nowadays, even some Afro-American historians subtly recognize the fact that, prior to being discovered by Europeans, African blacks did not have much of a history worthy of mentioning, which is why they imply that the very concept of Black History should be assessed within the context of how blacks contributed to America’s well-being, rather within the context of what represents black cultural and scientific achievements.
Therefore, just as we have suggested in introduction, white racism in America should not be referred as the consequence of white people being inheritably wicked per se, but rather as the result of them being endowed with an ability to rationalize life’s emanations. And, as we are being well aware from the lessons of history, one’s ability to address life’s challenges in rationalistic manner rarely correlates with his or her tendency to choose in favor of ‘moral’ mode of living.
Given the fact that the principle of scientific inquiry, upon which Western science continues to be firmly based even today, is being concerned with researches establishing dialectical relationship between causes and effects, it was only natural for white intellectuals, throughout the course of 17th-19th centuries, to point out at black people’s anthropological closeness with primates as the foremost reason for their cultural backwardness: “It was virtually impossible, in fact, to discuss gradations of men without stressing the closeness of the lowest men to the highest animals”.
Whatever ironical it might sound, it was specifically the process of Western science freeing itself out of intellectual imprisonment of Catholicism, which instigated the rise of racialist sentiment within Euro-American scientific circles.
What also contributed to the rise of racism in America, before the policy of political correctness had achieved an officially endorsed status, is the theological essence of Protestantism – the religion closely associated with the process of America’s colonization and with ‘nativist’ movement among America’s whites, during the course of 19th century.
It is important to understand that white Protestants have traditionally considered themselves ‘chosen people’ – in literal sense of this word. And, according to Bible, ‘chosen people’ are being at liberty to treat ‘heathens’ and ‘savages’ as lesser beings and to even exterminate them, if circumstances call for it.
As Winthrop had put it: “The Puritans’ fondness for the Old Testament and their stress on the depravity of man and the selectivity of salvation… have led them toward embracing racial slavery with open arms”. This is the reason why white Protestant slave owners in 17th century’s America did not think that there was anything inconsistent between them owning black slaves, on one hand, and simultaneously taking pride in the strength of their beliefs in Jesus Christ, on another.
We will write a custom Essay on Why it is Safe to Say that Northrop’s Book Exposes the Roots of Racism in America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The context of what has been said earlier implies a fallaciousness of a suggestion that in his book, Winthrop had failed at pinpointing the exact causes of white racism in America. It is a truth that in White Man’s Burden, author does provide readers with information on a variety of seemingly racism-unrelated subjects, such as religion, cultural behaviors, physiology, anthropology, science, medicine and sociology.
Nevertheless, by doing it, Northrop had succeeded in exposing the roots of white racism as such that originate in the very workings of white people’s mentality, which in its turn, explains the phenomenon of a so-called ‘subtle racism’ among today’s even most progressive white people, who despite their publically proclaimed loyalty to the ideals of multiculturalism, still prefer to reside in secluded white suburbia.
Apparently, just as it is being the case with animals and plants, throughout the course of known history, the representatives of Homo Sapiens specie never ceased being subjected to Darwinian laws of evolution, which explains the phenomenon of people’s intellectual, cultural and socio-political inequality.
Given the fact that, ever since having freed New World from British colonial oppression, Americans had set themselves on the path of rapid cultural and scientific progress (which had turned America into the greatest country on Earth), and also the fact that the very notion of progress is being conceptually opposite to the notion of enforced tolerance, the rise of racialist sentiment within American society was bound to occur.
To paraphrase George Orwell’s famous saying – all people are equal, but some of them are being more equal than the others. Therefore, whatever politically incorrect it might sound and, regardless of whether we like it or not – the concept of Western civilization, as we know it, is indeed being synonymous to the concept of white racism.
And, since America is an integral part of Western civilization, the fact that many white Americans continue to be affected by ‘subtle racism’ does not come as a particular surprise. We believe that such our conclusion fully substantiates the validity of paper’s initial hypothesis.
References Billings, Warren. The Old Dominion in the Seventeenth Century: A Documentary History of Virginia, 1660-1689. ed. Thomas C. Holt and Elsa B. Brown, Major Problems in African-American History, vol. 2. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.
Harding, Vincent. On the Differences Between Negro History and Black History, 1971, ed. Thomas C. Holt and Elsa B. Brown, Major Problems in African-American History, vol. 2. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Why it is Safe to Say that Northrop’s Book Exposes the Roots of Racism in America by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Winthrop, Jordan. The White Man’s Burden: Historical Origins of Racism in the United States. London: Oxford University Press, 1974.
Footnotes Jordan Winthrop. The White Man’s Burden: Historical Origins of Racism in the United States (London: Oxford University Press, 1974), 14.
Vincent Harding, On the Differences Between Negro History and Black History, 1971, ed. Thomas C. Holt and Elsa B. Brown, Major Problems in African-American History, vol. 2 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000), 8.
Winthrop, The White Man’s Burden, 103.
Winthrop, The White Man’s Burden, 94.
Warren Billings, The Old Dominion in the Seventeenth Century: A Documentary History of Virginia, 1660-1689. ed. Thomas C. Holt and Elsa B. Brown, Major Problems in African-American History, vol. 2 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000), 156-157.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act Analytical Essay cheap essay help
Introduction The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was enacted into law in 2002 to respond to the various financial scandals that were taking place in the for-profit corporate sector of the United States. The act was meant to address the abuse of finances and accounting standards by companies such as Adelphia, Enron and WorldCom where the executives of these companies defrauded their shareholders, their employees and the US economy of billions of dollars. Once it was enacted, SOX was meant to introduce major changes to the corporate governance and financial management of capital in many corporations within America.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act or the SOX act of 2002 was developed by Senator Paul Sarbanes and House Representative Michael Oxley and it contains eleven sections which outline the responsibilities of chief executive officers as well as financial controllers in managing the finances of a company (Morgan et al, 2008).
Examination of the SOX Act of 2002 Under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, companies that are publicly traded in the US are required to increase their internal financial and accounting controls after personal clarification with the chief executive and chief financial officers of the company. This is meant to strengthen the auditing, accounting and financial practices of the company.
The act also requires for-profit corporations in the country to increase their external controls through enhancing the duties and responsibilities of the audit committee. The act also states that chief financial controllers and auditors need to provide supporting evidence that will be used to whistleblow on the abuse of company funds (Morgan et al, 2008).
The SOX bill does not apply to privately held companies as many of the laws deal with the management of shareholder, corporate and public funds which are usually common in publicly traded companies. The new and enhanced standards within the SOX Act deal with additional responsibilities for the corporate board and chief executive officers of most organizations as well as the introduction of criminal penalties for managers caught defrauding corporations of public funds.
Other enhanced standards within the act include auditor independence, enhanced financial disclosures, conflicts of interest and corporate fraud accountability. All these aspects are included within the eleven sections of the act where they analyse the specific mandates and requirements that managers need to have when conducting financial reporting (Kuschnik, 2008).
Each of these sub sections are important and necessary in the financial management of publicly traded corporation as they ensure that there is accountability during the management of financial funds.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example auditor independence which falls under the second title deals with limiting the conflicts of interest that arise during audit reporting while corporate fraud accountability which falls under the eleventh title of the act deals with the identification of corporate fraud and the various penalties that are served to deal with fraud.
This section also revises the sentencing guidelines that were in existence before to deal with people who defrauded companies of billions of dollars. This review was seen to be important as it would enable the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to temporarily freeze any transactions or payments that were deemed to be unusual for the company (Kuschnik, 2008).
In general, the act deals with ensuring the financial reports generated by auditors and finance managers within organization to develop internal control reports that can be used to determine the accuracy of the company’s financial data. The adoption of the SOX act is meant to establish a best-practice standard when it comes to the management of corporate funds.
The act also changes how corporate management boards and executives interact with each other as well as with their corporate auditors and financial controllers. It also ensures that the top managers of a corporate organization are held accountable for the accuracy of financial statements released at the end of every company financial year (Litvak, 2007).
Benefits and Costs of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act According to Bednanrz (2006), the costs of implementing the SOX act will exceed the benefits of the act when it is fully implemented. A survey conducted on the compliance costs of the act in various publicly traded corporations within the US revealed that the first year compliance costs would exceed $4.6 million dollars.
This figure applied to all the large multinational and domestic companies in the US. Medium sized companies and smaller companies operating within the US were likely to incur significant additional costs that were projected to amount to $2 million during the first-year compliance with the SOX guidelines.
These huge costs incurred during the first year would make it difficult to determine whether the Sarbanes-Oxley Act was actually working in managing corporate finances and auditing issues (Bernanrz, 2006).
We will write a custom Essay on Sarbanes-Oxley Act specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More With regards to the benefits of the act, various financial analysts and experts noted that the borrowing costs were lower for companies that had improved their internal control measures while corporate transparency had improved within many publicly traded organizations during the first year of compliance.
Section 404 of the act ensured that companies had conservative reported earnings where financial reports and statements underwent verification to determine their accuracy before being presented to the various stakeholders of the company. Companies that had strong internal controls were able to experience an increase in their share prices and their financial statements were more reliable (Morgan et al, 2008).
Reactions of Company Executives and Changes to Accounting Practices While many legislators have praised the Sarbanes-Oxley act to be effective in dealing with financial fraud within corporations, many business managers have expressed frustration with the act. The Federal Regulation Board has been faced with a lot of complaints about the high costs that are needed to implement the act in major public corporations within the country.
Executives from General Electric, Lockheed Martin and Emerson Electric were among those who spoke about the various challenges of complying with the SOX act two years after it was implemented (Bednanrz, 2006).
The executives agreed that while it was too soon to determine the benefits of complying with the act, there were considerable costs such as audit fees which were expected to increase by approximately 40% during the first year of compliance.
Business managers working for BP saw the duplicate testing of internal controls to dilute the business practices of the organization as they saw it to be a frustrating exercise. They instead preferred to perform a single internal control testing exercise which would enable them to identify and document any financial issues or problems (Bednanrz, 2006).
References Bednanrz, A., (2006, May 11). Executives tell regulators Sarbanes-Oxley costs exceed benefits. Retrieved from: https://www.networkworld.com/article/2311689/execs-tell-regulators-sarbanes-oxley-costs-exceed-benefits.html
Kuschnik, B., (2008). The Sarbanes-Oxley Act: big brother is watching you or adequate measures of corporate governance regulation. Rutgers Business Law Journal, 64-95
Not sure if you can write a paper on Sarbanes-Oxley Act by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Litvak, K., (2007). The effect of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on non-US companies cross-listed in the US. Journal of Corporate Finance, 13(55), 195-228
Morgan, D.F., Green, R., Shinn, C.W.,
Luxury Fashion Label for Men Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction The fashion industry is characterized by intense competition and buyers who are more concerned with quality and value for their money. This means that firms in the fashion industry need to fully understand the shopping behavior of their existing customers in order to retain them. The also need to understand the shopping behavior of various groups in order to turn potential customers into actual customers.
Consumer behavior refers to the “process of selecting, securing (buying), using and disposing off a particular item” (Kinley
Can Conscience Save Us? Opinion Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Having considered two different opinions in the relation to the question whether consciousness can save us or not, I came to the conclusion that I support the Earth Charter’s ideas which state that human conscious can save the whole humanity from different disaster.
Taking the example of population and its damaging grows, we are going to support the Earth Charter’s ideas and ruin Hardin’s one. The Earth Charter states that only the universal responsibility, membership in the human family, the need for global ethics as the elements of social consciousness may save people from overpopulation which becomes a real problem for the whole planet (n.p.).
Garrett Hardin has another point of view. Referencing the research of the problem to the population, he states that human consciousness cannot help in the question as “how many children a family had would not be a matter of public concern” (Hardin n.p.).
I believe that consciousness can save our planet from overpopulation. This opinion may be easily supported with the following arguments. First of all, people understand that the increase of people on the planet increases the consumption of different resources that increase the responsibility of human beings for what they do.
Considering the global situation, it becomes obvious that overpopulation of the planet influences ecological and social systems, but the changes are not inevitable.
The understanding of the problem, the union of people from all countries may be really helpful. Along with the Earth Charter, I strongly believe that people understand that they belong to the whole Earth community, where each person shares the responsibility for the future of the planet.
The principles the Earth Charter considers are strong and can influence human consciousness. These principles recognize the rights of all people and “affirm faith in the inherent dignity of all human beings and in the intellectual, artistic, ethical, and spiritual potential of humanity” (“the Earth Charter” n.p).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This quote means that it is possible to influence on human morality, that being intellectual, ethical and spiritual, human beings are to be conscious about their life as well as about their planet. Supporting this idea Macgregor states that “The Earth Charter may be seen as an example of a global citizen initiative that supports and promotes a cosmopolitan environmental vision” (Macgregor 88).
Garrett Hardin’s point of view is absolutely unacceptable. Dwelling upon the problem of overpopulation, he states that “most people who anguish over the population problem are trying to find a way to avoid the evils of overpopulation without relinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy” (Hardin n.p.). Such opinion is inadmissible, as according to the Earth Charter people are ready to “care for the community of life with understanding, compassion, and love” (“The Earth Charter” n.p.).
Such words touch the cultural images, refer to national symbols and narratives and create the feeling of human belonging to the world as the global society. Furthermore, Hardin also states that people should be influenced not consciously but rationally. He provides the arguments that if people are said about the lack of food because of the overpopulation, the problem is solved.
Still, he contradicts the idea he mentions above. Thus, all the reasons Hardin uses are weak. Only applying for human consciousness people can save the planet and stop its overpopulation. Isn’t it what is necessary? Isn’t the only way out to make people treat the situation seriously and make those bear responsibility for what is happening?
Works Cited Hardin, Garrett. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” The Garret Hardin Society 2005. Web.
Macgregor, Sherilyn. “Reading the Earth Charter: Cosmopolitan environmental citizenship or light green politics as usual?” Ethics, Place and Environment 71.2 (2004): 85–96. Print.
“The Earth Charter.” Web.
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Child Marriages in Modern India Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Case study: Rajasthan community; the Shaikh
Extent of the Practice of Child Marriage
Effects of Child Marriage in the Community
Fight against Child Marriages
Case study: Rajasthan community; the Shaikh The aspect of child marriages is common among the Muslim communities especially among those living in South Asia and sub- Saharan Africa. Early marriage entails the marriage of children and young people who are below the age of 18 years. It is, however, predominant among those living traditional lifestyles especially in the rural areas.
There are various reasons why parents may opt to marry their children while they are still very young, for instance, poverty where parents view marriage as an opportunity for the young girl and her family at large as a source of protection against sexual assault and unwanted pregnancies among others. This paper discusses early marriages through a case study of an ethnic group in India, the Shaikh of the Rajasthan community.
Extent of the Practice of Child Marriage The Shaikh of Rajasthan is a constituent of the larger Shaikh community present in South Asia. It is the largest Muslim community in Rajasthan. The Shaikh community faces adverse effects of child marriages in addition to parallel cousin and cross-cousin marriages as it is being practiced to great extent. There have been many incidents of child marriages among this community for instance a marriage occurred between a five-year-old girl and a ten-year-old boy in the community.
Other child marriages have also been witnessed. These two victims are far below the adult age as they should be at least eighteen years for the girl and twenty one years of age for the boy. The laws enacted in regard to marriages especially on child marriages seem ineffective due to the contradicting customs among the Muslim communities for example the prevention of Child Marriages Act.
There have been instances where people come to homesteads and demand for girls who are underage stating that they want to marry them. Most of the people get married when they are too young without the knowledge of what marriage really entails.
Most communities other than the Shaikh also practice child marriages especially days that are deemed to be of religious importance for example the Dev Uthni Ekadashi.
The practice of child marriage continue to take place among the communities due absence of political will as some politicians view their actions of restricting the practice as a threat to their political prosperity. They fear their stand could make them lose votes and support from the people who value and appreciate the practice and would do anything to safeguard its existence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The practice of child marriages among the Shaikh and the Rajasthan community at large has been exacerbated by the government’s reluctance in preventing it and to make the matter worst, it seems to be very supportive of the same. This can be seen from its attempt to register all marriages including the child marriages.
This action raises heated debate among citizens of India and also outside the country as many people who are against early or child marriages can not comprehend the reason behind its registration.
The government fights back by saying that the registration of such marriages does not mean their legalization but instead it is a positive step towards keeping a record of the number of the existing marriages of such kind for easy detection.
The Child marriage Prevention Act also seem to be ineffective as it does not provide for punishment of individuals and parents who plan and advocate for child marriages. This makes it more comfortable to execute this practice as those involved do not fear the legal consequences that may befall them as a result of their actions (Mahan 1).
Effects of Child Marriage in the Community The concept of child marriage in the Indian communities has been promoted by the Indian culture which places women in very low status and their roles in the family institution stipulate they should be submissive and be good wives to their husbands.
They do not have many rights like men. Early marriages are a major cause of increased population in the community as the young people add to the number of people through child bearing (India planning commission 51).
Child marriages also deny the victims their childhood and adolescence as they experience sexual relationships very early in life hence lacking freedom. This leads to poor performances in marriage and in general life of the victims as their social development is interfered with.
We will write a custom Essay on Child Marriages in Modern India specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The girls that get married during their early age also do not pursue their education and hence they become incompetent in various aspects of life like critical decision making. There is also some health issues associated with child marriages, for instance, sexually transmitted diseases and premature pregnancies that lead to high rates of maternal and infant mortality.
Fight against Child Marriages Despite increased practices among the various communities in Rajasthan like the Shaikh, there are many people who are against the practice and are ready to fight it.
A good example is the establishment of a group, the Mali community, which is set to completely do away with the practice of child marriages through taking necessary actions against those who are involved in promoting it, for instance, parents who let their underage children to engage in marriage and also those who coordinate them. Some people have also pledged not to take part in any action tends to support child marriages.
A social boycott seem to be the only option left of ending this impunity as others like the use of threats and educating the society of the bad effects of child marriages has previously failed. To fight this problem, there should be educational campaigns to increase the legal age of marriage and educate people of the adverse effects of child marriages and also establishment of an effective marriage registration system.
Conclusion It is evident the practice of child marriages has been in existence in many parts of India and other Muslim communities. The policy makers have also been keen to the details associated with child marriages but it has proved difficult and almost impossible to enforce laws that govern the issue. Various studies show that the Indian government is usually not good when handling personal laws that affect particular communities and do not hail from grassroots movements.
There is, however, efforts to solve the problem for instance, bills passed like the Marriage Bill which advocated for enactment of a uniform law in regard to marriages and compulsory registration of marriages introduced in 1994 to prevent practices of polygamy and child marriages. Unfortunately, the law did not pass. Other laws as mentioned above are also present but they are not effective since they have been implemented to end child marriages.
Works Cited India Planning Commission. Rajasthan Development Report. New Delhi: Academic Foundation, 2006.
Mahan, Rajan. “Rajasthan endorsing child marriage?” NDTV News. Jan 22, 2010. 05 Feb. 2011.
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Gathering Blue by Lois Lowry Report essay help: essay help
Gathering Blue is a very interesting book written by Lois Lowry. It is an imaginary story describing a fictitious place where life is terrible because of loss, cruelty, and/or horror. Kira, the protagonist in the story, is a cripple from birth; something the society views as a misfortune.
Her mother dies and leaves her orphaned in her teenage. She lives in a cruel and brutal society. The disabled are taken to the fields to die there. Kira escapes this terrible death because of her unique talent in embroidery. She is taken to live with the “Council of Guardian”, where she makes an embroidery robe for a popular singer in the village.
During this work, she diligently searches for a blue thread, the missing color in her collection. She meets with other children, Matt, Thomas, and Jo, who make good friends. Matt helps her understand her society secrets and reasons for her way of life. After getting these truths, she decides to change her village lifestyles.
The central conflict in this story is between the leaders and villagers. The leaders live better lives and take control of all the activities of the village. They achieve this by creating fear amongst the villagers and ensuring that they are uneducated, apart from some few boys.
They discourage people from leaving the village by telling them of the fierce wild beasts that supposedly lurk in the forest. However, when Kira learns the truths in her society, she decides to strive and save the villagers from their horrible way of life and superstition. She has great confidence and believes that change can be implemented in this village.
The start of the story until when Kira’s life is spared is quite suspenseful. More suspense is created towards the end, where the reader wonders whether Kira will manage to rescue her village as she is so determined to do, or she might meet with her death in the process.
The climax is when Kira discovers that her father is not dead after he comes to visit her. The disappearance of Matt for some days also pulls the story to a climax.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The setting of this book is in an oppressive society in an imaginary place where life is extremely bad of deprivation, oppression, or terror. A few leaders whose duties are to keep the traditions and lead people to the future govern the village. The village is primitive and a scary place to be in because of the fiery wild animals in the forest.
People are hard working, men hunting by the day and women fetching water and doing the household chores, explaining why they do not have room for the disabled. One part of the village called Fen, where Matt comes from, is even more stressful. Life is even harder there.
One of the themes of the story is the way the society reacts to handicapped people. They are despised and forsaken to die. Exercise of control is another theme.
The village leaders control everything in the village including when to start work, and when to stop. Parents control their children greatly, to an extent of lying to them about the dreadful beasts of the forest, which in reality are rabbits and deer!
Creativity is another theme. Creative people are highly regarded in this society. The orphaned and disabled children like Kira, Thomas, and Jo are taken to the leaders’ home because they are talented and creative; the thus escape death in the fields.
Kira is the main character in the story. Katrina and Christopher are Kira’s parents. Her Mum dies when she is young while her father runs to another good village when Guardian Jamison tried to kill him. Matt is Kira’s very good friend whose company she enjoys for he teaches her important truths about her society. Thomas and Jo are other friends in the village leaders’ home.
While Thomas is a good sculptor, Jo is a talented musician. Unfortunately, Kira’s teacher; Annabella, dies cryptically soon after revealing to Kira that all she hears about the fierce animals of the forest are lies. All children should ensure they read this wonderful book for their age. It is not worth failing to read!
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Does the Adoption and Implementation of Strategy Guarantee an Organization’s Success? Research Paper a level english language essay help
Thesis Statement The following paper intends to take an objective look into how the formulation, implementation of marketing strategies and planning have contributed to better performing multinational corporations. Given today’s competitive business environment, commercial success in the corporate world can only be achieved through proper coordination between the top and middle management, and the subordinates and involving both in the strategic management process.
The extend of ambiguity that organizations face in the commercial environment require business executives to understand that goods and services would not just sell themselves, but as the selling concept of marketing postulates, some effort to sell must be put in place by those responsible. Consequently, the selling efforts usually manifest itself in the form of strategies which usually manipulate the marketing mix to achieve what is best for both the organization and its consumers.
Therefore, this is the reason why business executives must involve their organizations in numerous and rigorous research processes so that they can understand what is specifically targeted to consumer market usually need and therefore attempt to make strategies that favor their consumers. It is thus assumed strategizing in certain functional areas such as marketing makes sense of security in the organization, increases the chances of success.
In a case where an organization lacks sound marketing strategies and other strategies that are used in various functional areas, an organization is likely to face a lot of ambiguities and hence sub-optimal use of resources within the organization and even failure or numerous inefficiencies could be imminent.
Table of contents Introduction
Findings and analysis
Strategy and Planning
Marketing Strategy process and illustrations
The process of planning and formulating marketing strategy
Illustration 1: The Coca-Cola Company
Illustration 2: The Apple Company
Conclusion and recommendation
Introduction Starting and successfully running a business is a daunting and exhausting task that is not just achieved overnight or by wishful thinking (Campbell, Stonehouse
Can pollution rights trading effectively control environmental problems? Argumentative Essay college admissions essay help
Tradeable emissions and pollution rights are increasingly finding use as an environmental policy tool to facilitate in the control of environmental pollutants.
Consequently, a number of firms are now in a position to acquire the rights to emit specific pollutants. This trend started with firms in the United States and the original aim was to enable them reduce their operational costs, in addition to enhancing economic growth, and more so for those companies that were located in highly polluted areas.
However, this trend appears to have changed lately, with more countries utilizing them for water and air pollution as well (O’Brien 2000). Proposals have even been presented that that pollution rights should be adopted in order to enable various countries meet the established greenhouse gas emissions targets by the Kyoto Protocol.
Already, such firms as Shell and BP have created internal systems to enable carbon trading (O’Brien 2000). On the other hand, Canada has already approved the establishment of an internet-based and privately run reduction exchange for greenhouse emission (KEFI-Exchange 2000).
Nonetheless, it is important to note that the aim of pollution rights trading is to reduce costs to organizations, as opposed to increasing environmental gains. In addition, past experiences reveal that environmental gains emanating from emissions trading are often not guaranteed.
At the moment, emissions trading remain one of the most fundamental and controversial issues that faces the field of environmental science. Perhaps what we need to ask ourselves is whether emissions trading are the answer to the various environmental problems that we are faced with.
The underlying principle of the emissions rights trading is that pollutants such as carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide that are treated as air pollutants could in fact be also treated as tradeable commodities. What this appears to suggest is that when firms emit less pollutions than the maximum allowable limits, they are at liberty to sell the excess pollution in the open market.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, firms characterized by high levels of pollution are then in a position to purchase these allowances. As a result, they can either opt to invest in advanced technological systems with the intention of helping clean up such pollutants, or they may decide to continue emitting similar levels of pollutants. The choice is often determined by the most cost-effective alternative.
Regardless of the choice made, neither firm is at liberty to emit pollutant levels that are above the limits mandated by law. In this regard, the onus is on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish the desired pollutant targets and then leave the firms with the decision of arriving at the best mechanisms to help them comply with the set laws (Easton, 2008, p. 95).
We need to appreciate the fact that the emissions trading concept differs from the “command-and-control programs” whereby firms are often required to meet certain specific environmental standards.
In addition, firms are advised on the specific technologies that they need to create so that they can meet the established standards. Those in favor of emission trading are convinced that “command-and-control programs” only acts to compel firms to attain the minimum standard requirements, thereby stifling innovation.
When the requirements are establishment in such a way as to give a firm more leeway, such as the availability of incentives that enables it to contribute to a cleaner environment, consequently, such a firm shall be seen to work hard and develop advanced technology (Easton, 2008, p. 94-95).
Several decades ago, the eastern part of the United States was faced with the problem of acid rain. In 1990, the Clean Air Act was amended and as a result, the Acid Rain Program was established. Experts view it as more of a “cap-and-trade program” that has ensured a near four million tons reduction in sulfur dioxide emissions over the last decade.
Consequently, the Northeast region of the United States has witnessed nearly twenty five percent reductions in rainfall acidity. The reason behind the success of this particular program is due to its affordability and simplicity.
We will write a custom Essay on Can pollution rights trading effectively control environmental problems? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Following the success of this program, various companies have come together under the umbrella of the emissions trading scheme. In combination, such companies as DuPont, BP and Ford Motor Company are committed to ensuring that their greenhouse gas emissions reduces by nearly five percent below the levels set in 2005 (Easton, 2008, p. 96).
At the same time, we need to realize that there are various problems that impact on the emissions trading scheme. For example, there is the likelihood of the scheme being abused because of its open market trading policy. Several environmentalists are convinced that those firms whose levels of emission are below the maximum allowable levels are entitled to allowances that they can then opt to sell at a later date.
A majority of the environmentalists are of the idea that when the industry is given the mandate to establish emissions allowance standards, as opposed to leaving this responsibility with the regulatory agency, this will result in its abuse (Easton, 2008, p. 98). Already, there are several firms that have been seen to abuse this privilege.
For example, Duke Power, a company based in North Carolina, is reported to have purchased an equivalent of thirty five percent in the form of sulfur dioxide emissions allowances in the short term, and up to sixty percent of the same, in the long term.
Several other companies have even been reported to have purchase upwards of ninety percent both in terms of long term and short term allowances. One of the challenges that we need to be wary of is that those firms that are in a position to purchase the most allowances shall have the power to dictate the manner in which transactions are carried out in the open market for emissions trading.
In addition, there has been an apparent reduction in terms of credits value and this could perhaps explain why such firms may opt to purchase in large numbers (Easton, 2008, p. 102-103).
Emissions’ trading is also faced with the problem of establishing emissions levels often required by individuals companies in order to allow for the trading to take place. Setting up a very low baseline level would result in less pollution rights on offer for purchase.
This is because companies shall be in a position to lower their level of pollution below the established standard. On the other hand, a high baseline level will result in less pollution rights buyers. This is because a majority of the companies shall be in a position to meet the established standards.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Can pollution rights trading effectively control environmental problems? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Either way, the end result is low trading levels. The setting of baselines could be accomplished via several ways (Beder, 2001, p. 153). Previously, the setting of baseline levels took place in the United States and the experts ensured that it was similar to the already existing license limits. However, those opposed to emission trading argue that the established since limits do not allow states to realize air quality goals (Beder, 2001, p. 153).
In addition, opponents of emission trading argue that even as we required additional reductions in emissions, we need not trade in surplus rights. On the other hand, advocates of emissions trading opine that the licensing system is to blame, further arguing that such challenges need not hinder the ensuing savings in cost realized by emissions trading.
Another issue that we need to explore in as far as the emission trading scheme is concerned is that although there is the possible reduction in the emission levels of specific pollutants (for example, carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide), this would still not be at the same level as would have been the case with the ‘command-and-control standards’.
Although there is the possibility of reducing the average air concentration levels in a particular area, on the other hand, if a firm is only interested in the purchase of credits only, as opposed to improving its technology as well, this means little to the issue of environmental sustainability.
Companies often opt to do this owing to the exorbitant costs of technology. Such countries as Germany and Italy have had their sulfur dioxide levels reduced by as much as 87 percent and 62 percent respectively, for the past 11 years (Lipow, 2007).
This is in comparison with the United States that has witnessed a 31 percent reduction in its sulfur dioxide levels over the same period). Notwithstanding these figures, advocates of emissions trading argue that the project is still in its infancy stage, and this could probably help to explain the slow progress that we have witnessed thus far.
On the basis of the foregoing arguments, perhaps what we need to be asking ourselves at this point is whether pollution rights trading effectively control environmental problems.
On the one hand, we have the advocates of emissions trading scheme who are convinced that indeed, trading of emissions can effectively result in the management of environmental problems. On the other hand, opponents argue that the scheme is a total waste.
One wonders whether this position is likely to change any time soon. However, there are signs that the Congress could be in support of the program, given the increase in the number of Senators who have sought to introduce bills on pollution rights trading.
On the other hand, problems still persist on how best to establish baselines for such emissions. There is a dire need therefore to decide on “how the setup of a program would affect the distribution of the cost” (Support Grows, 2007, para. 3).
In addition, there are also some important questions that need to be addressed. For example, the manner in which the allowances are to be distributed, the firms that are most likely to receive permits, and the best method to compute baseline levels.
It is also important to consider the finance because it is central to the inception, implementation and sustainability of such a program. A number of the members of the Congress, along with a majority of the presidential candidates have demonstrated their support for the pollution rights trading but they would also wish to integrate it with pollution tax (Support Grows, 2007, para. 10).
Actually, the introduction of a pollution tax could result in a faster reduction in pollution since companies would normally be encouraged to lower their emissions to the bare minimum.
Consequently, this may “help reduce pollution beyond regulatory levels” (Easton, 2008, p. 105). In addition, the tax would also acts as a source of revenue, thereby facilitating funding of green technology production research (Support Grows, 2007, para. 10).
On the other hand, Congress will not just support any tax proposal (Support Grows, 2007, para. 8). Not many companies would be willing to pay the hefty cost associated with expensive green technology. From a logical point of view therefore the flexibility often associated with emissions trading shall acts as a source of motivation for firms to seek cheaper forms of innovation.
Reference List Beder, S. (2001). Trading the earth: the politics behind tradeable pollution rights. Environmental Liability, 9(2), 152-160.
Easton, T. (2008). Taking sides: clashing views on environmental issues. Dubuque: McGraw-Hill.
Lipow, G. (2007). Emissions trading: a mixed record, with plenty of failures. Web.
KEFI-Exchange. (2000). KEFI-Exchange — Canada’s first green house gas emission reductions exchange is open for business!’, E-Wire. Web.
O’Brien, F. (2000). ‘UK emissions market could be worth 900 mln stg’, Reuter,s News Service, 5 May. Web.
Support Grows. (2007). Support grows for capping and trading carbon emissions. (2007). Issues in science and technology. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier Database.
Consumer Protection with Regard to the Ethics Code Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
As psychology has developed, the efforts to provide consumer protection have promoted the establishment of specific rules, principles, and standards.
In particular, the present set of standards and ethical issues has created the ground for analyzing the difference between consumer protections in such settings as assessment/testing and therapy/counseling. These settings undertaken by psychologists have certain differences and similarities with regard to consumer protection.
The APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct is a set of rules and standard aimed at sustaining favorable relationships between a psychologist and a patient/client and introducing the basis for customer protection.
Discussing the field of psychotherapy/counseling, all roles and aspects of psychologists’ services are based on treating patients with regard to informed consent.
In this respect, all clauses presented in the standards are aimed at minimizing the conflicts between a patient and a psychologist. Psychologists should inform their clients about all possible treatment techniques and methods to avoid ambiguity in future.
In addition, they are prohibited to be engaged in sexual relationships to establish an objective ground for the course of therapy. The primary concern of a therapist, therefore, is to take reasonable efforts for supporting client’s privacy and objectivity of treatment (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, 2010b).
All these measures are created for preserving confidentiality and eliminating conflicts. Finally, the clauses related to the termination/interruption of therapy are designed for eliminating conflicts with the clients and minimizing the risk of confidential information leakage.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apart from similarities, there are some differences between consumer protections for therapy/counseling. The major difference in assessments lies in a number of clients resorting to professional help. In particular, if a psychologist involves one person in the course of therapy, he/she should not be engaged in several setting and roles.
The main goal of a psychologist, therefore, is to choose an individual approach and ensure his/her client for quality of the treatment techniques. It should also be stressed that the number of people involved into treatment also identifies the extent of risk to be taken by a patient.
In particular, the therapist should be aware of all nuances of relationships and the major aspect for assessing the conflict. Furthermore, psychologist should be able to identify the type of relationships he/her should have with each person (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, 2010b).
Finally, the differences in number of patients participating in similar therapeutic sessions also influence the circumstances under which psychologists should terminate the treatment. It involves such aspects as duration, nature of a problem, and techniques used for conducting a therapy.
Discussing similarities between consumer protections for assessment/testing, all clauses are aimed at discussing the level of credibility and validity of methods, techniques, and information applied for the process of treatment. In particular, the aspects of validity and reliability are discovered through empirical, theoretical and evaluative evidence obtained in the course of therapy and through limits they created for a client.
In other words, all data available for analyzing, testing, and assessing have been viewed through the prism of limitations and implications for a patient in terms of therapy efficiency, patient’s satisfaction, and appropriateness of techniques applied.
The similarity is explicitly viewed when referring to first passages of clauses 9.01 and 9.02 where the first one states that “…psychologists documents the efforts they made and the result of these effort, clarify the probable impact of their limited information on the reliability and validity of their opinions, and appropriately limit the nature and extent of their conclusions or recommendations” (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, 2010a).
We will write a custom Essay on Consumer Protection with Regard to the Ethics Code specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, clause 9.02 (b) reveals, “[p]sychologists use assessment instruments whose validity and reliability have been established for use with members of the populated tested.
When such validity or reliability has not been established, psychologists describe the strengths and limitations of test results and interpretation” (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, 2010a).
The major difference between consumer protections for assessment/testing setting lies in the nature and character of information obtained from the client. This aspect greatly affects the results and further process of treatment.
In particular, depending on the type of information received (either qualitative or quantitative), a psychologist makes use of different approaches for analyzing and assessing information and making further assumptions and opinions.
Hence, “…the purpose, norms, validity, reliability, and applications” are clearly identified as soon as the information has been processed and classified (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, 2010a).
It is also worth noticing that the previously established similarities of emerging limitations during the case will also be different if the character of collected data is different as well.
Defining the differences and similarities between consumer protections for such broad settings as assessment and therapy plays a significant role in identifying the major aspects of clients’ care and treatment.
In particular, it enables psychologists to identify and classify the received information, instruments and techniques needed for facilitating the course of therapy and sustaining the principles of customer protection.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Consumer Protection with Regard to the Ethics Code by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference List Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: Standard 9: Assessment (2010a). American Psychological Association. Web.
Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: Standard 10: Therapy (2010b). American Psychological Association. Web.
Discussion Board: Impact Essay essay help
In this discussion board activity, we will visit the website Science News For Students, (Links to an external site.) which contains articles on topics related to earth, ecosystems, and the environment. Examples of topics include pollution problems, ecosystem analysis, climate change, water or ecosystem resources, sustainability, or other topics related to this Environmental Science course.
Objective: Determine the environmental impact of the following article: “Why today’s ‘fast fashions’ can be bad for the planet (Links to an external site.)”
1) Instructions: Describe how aware you were of this issue presented in the article before reading about it? How might this issue affect you or your community? What are your thoughts about the larger-scale effects (regional or global) of this issue? What do you think are two future implications, impacts, or outcomes of the issue at the local and global scale?
Note: Your summary must be at least one paragraph (3 or more complete sentences). Responses will be subjective, based on or influenced by personal feelings or opinions.
2) Discussion: Respond to two other posts from your classmates, answering the following questions for each post:
Describe two new concepts you learned after reading the post.
Why did you choose to respond to the post: Does the post confirm or challenge the ideas in your original post?
Note: Please answer each question in complete sentences. Responses will be subjective, influenced by personal opinion.
peer’s 1.Collapse SubdiscussionChelsea Delatorre
MondaySep 20 at 2:42pm
1) Before reading this article, I knew that people changing clothing styles often would cause clothes to be discarded much sooner than they would if they were worn until the clothing was tearing. This issue affects not only my community but the whole world. I think in our local community, the effect is not as prevalent as if you look at the chain effect across the globe. On a larger scale, the effects are very prevalent. Firstly, the wool comes at a cost of feeding the sheep (Sheep grazing can lower an area’s biodiversity). The factories create pollution:
8 to 10 percent of global emissions of carbon dioxide
More than 92 million metric tons (101.4 million U.S. tons) of textile and clothing waste each year
High water usage “To dye one kilogram of cotton, it takes more than 100 liters of water”
Two implications to help with this issue are to buy used and if not, to buy for quality so it will last longer! A good example brought up in the article is to buy timeless pieces so they will be used more and stay in your wardrobe longer. When it comes to the industry, I hope we further into Anuradhi Liyanapathiranage’s findings. She created a mixture that is similar to Jell-o that would cut water usage down by 90 percent.
Peer’s 2 Collapse SubdiscussionAdriana Margarito
YesterdaySep 21 at 10:10pm
1: I was not aware of this situation before reading the article. This issue can harm the planet because of the factories that create pollution. my thoughts about the larger scare effects are the amount of water they use every year for the dye. One implication can be buying used secondly buy the good quality so that way it can last much longer.
Practical applications of the study Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Correlation research
Variable from this study
Correlation and causation
In an employment situation, leaders should understand their employees to develop effective employees’ motivation mechanisms. Fulfillment of psychological contracts between the employer and employee facilitates development and reinforcement of good employee’s relation. To analyze a real practical example, let us take an example of information technology departments consisting of specialist and their support staffs.
The management should ensure that the employees are effectively vetted before engaging them. Their salary package should be attractive enough and have mechanism and systems to be utilized to communicate their issues to the management. The human resources department should bleach the gap between the employees and the management.
The management should look into satisfaction, intrinsic factors, extrinsic factors and benefits to motivate their staffs. More emphasis should be placed on extrinsic factors. Gender mix in an organization affects the performance of a department; the management should have appropriate measures to ensure that there is a health combination of age, gender and expertise.
Correlation research A correlation research is a qualitative and quantitative method of research, where a positive relationship existing between two or more variable from the same population or subject is established. In the study, some variables that influence each other in one way or another, what is important is to understand how these variables affect each other.
Relationship between variables is measured from 1 to -1, where 1 are variables with perfect correlation where by a unit change in variable A in direction 1, leads to a unit change in variable A in the same direction.
A correlation of -1 means that the variables are perfectly uncorrelated; a change in variable A in direction 1 leads to a change in variable B in the opposite direction. When the correlation is zero, then there is no correlation between the variables (Eells, 1991).
Variable from this study Variables are classified into dependent and independent variables. Dependent variables change when an independent variable changes. In this study, staff motivation is the dependent variable and depends on various variables. The independent variables are both qualitative and qualitative variables. They are job satisfaction, intrinsic, extrinsic, benefits, gender, age, department, tenure and position.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In a work place, motivation of staffs is dependent of extrinsic factors, how well they have been affected by the business. They have a positive correlation where improvements in extrinsic variables in an organization lead to an improvement of motivation in an organization.
The decision to choose the dependent variable is after analyzing the results in the exercise. Changes in independent variables where giving rise to changes in independent variables (Galavotti, 2005).
Correlation and causation In a research study, where certain variables affect the results of other variables, then the variables at hand are correlated, whether negatively or positively. The approach taken by correlation is similar with the underlying philosophy of causation, which aims to establish a cause effect relationship between different variables.
The similarity of the two research variables is that they aim at establish the existing positive relationship of variables in a research. Their difference is on the approach they utilize, in correlation, variables are affected by a common phenomenon and they affect each other. In causation, a variable A causes the existence of variable B (Billingsley, 1995).
Conclusion Undertaking a research assists a company establish relationship between various variables in the work place: when the relationship is established, it facilitates making of strategic decisions.
References Billingsley, P. (1995). Probability and Measure. New York: Wiley.
Eells, E.(1991). Probabilistic Causality, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
We will write a custom Essay on Practical applications of the study specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Galavotti, M. (2005). Philosophical Introduction to Probability, Stanford: CSLI Publications
Thomas More and King Henry VIII, their Relationship Descriptive Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction Sir Thomas More, also famous as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer attorney, societal logician, theologian, writer, national leader, renowned Renaissance humanitarian and ultimate sacrificial victim. He also served as a key counselor to King Henry VIII of England before he rose to the position of Lord Chancellor.
More is seen as a saint in Anglican and Catholic religions. The Roman Catholic Church sanctified him in 1886 and blessed him as a holy man in later 1935 (2). He also opposed the Protestant Reformation and the activists for the same.
Various quarters have depicted this man as the most eye-catching figure of the early 16th century. Thomas More’s most famed paperback is Utopia and has turned out to be acknowledged as a day after day expression in the English lingo. The term utopian is frequently used to make reference to a thought or notion that is impracticable and very much attractive (1).
Henry VIII was King of England from April 1509 until his death in January 1547. He was the succeeding ruler of the House of Tudor, taking after his father, Henry VII. In addition to his six nuptials, Henry VIII is famed for his part in the disjointing of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church.
His fight backs with Rome directed to the disjointing of the Church of England from pontifical influence, the disbanding of the cloisters, and setting up himself as the ultimate leader of the Church of England (2). He changed spiritual rites and practices and repressed the cloisters, even as he remained a worshipper in core Catholic religious ideas, even after his excision from the Roman Catholic Church.
1 Weir, Alison. 2002. Henry VIII: The King and His Court. New York. Ballantine Books.
2 Eppley, Daniel. 2008. Defending Royal Supremacy and Discerning God’s Will in Tudor England.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More London. Ashgate Publishing Group.
Henry also watched over the lawful joining together of England and Wales.
Henry was an eye-catching and enigmatic man in his leading life; he was also well informed and consummate. He was also a writer and a music composer. He led with supreme authority. This man had the wish to endow England with a male successor, and this was to a certain extent as a result of his individual egotism and in part for the reason of his believes that a daughter would not be able to strengthen the Tudor empire.
A delicate harmony was real in the period after the Wars of the Roses and it led to the two things which top the list for what Henry is famed for. These were his spouses and the English Reformation that resulted in the country being mainly Protestant. In his later years, Henry turned out to be ghoulishly overweight and his healthiness suffered.
Early life Born a son to an attorney, Tomas had a good upbringing in his Milk Street home. During this period a few got to be educated and Thomas went to school at St Anthony’s School, one of the best learning institutions in London at the time (3). From 1490 to 1492, Thomas was a pageboy in the in the domestic service of John Morton.
Morton was the Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor of England at the time. Morton wholeheartedly backed learning of the Renaissance to the then young Thomas. Assured of the potential that More had, he made a recommendation for him to join the Oxford College in Canterbury.
Thomas began his studies at the institution in 1492 and obtained a standard teaching. He was a learner of Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn, turning out to be adept in both Greek and Latin languages. In the year 1494 the young More left the college of Oxford following his father’s decision (3).
We will write a custom Essay on Thomas More and King Henry VIII, their Relationship specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More 3 Ackroyd, Peter.1999. The Life of Thomas More. New York, Anchor Books.
He then attended legal education classes in London. This was at one of the Chancery Inns known as the New Inn. He then did his apprenticeship in another Inn known as the Lincoln’s Inn. He continued here until 1502 when he was admitted to the bar.
The theologian Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam was Thomas’ acquaintance during this time and according to his account, Thomas chewed over deserting his legal profession in order to turn into a monk. From the year 1503 to 1504, Thomas could be seen around the Carthusian cloister located in the confines of London where he was an active participant in religious practices presided by monks.
As much as he greatly had a high regard for the piousness of the monks he in due course settled for the life of a layperson following his matrimony and selection to legislature. Regardless of his option to pursue a lay profession, Thomas went on to practice some austere carry outs for the rest of his life. He sporadically got involved in flagellation and at times wore a hair shirt next to his skin (4).
Thomas’ family life Thomas got married to his first wife, Jane Colt, in 1505. She was close to ten years younger than him and according to his friend Erasmus, Thomas resolved to give her an improved tutoring. He was a private instructor to her in the fields of music and literature. The couple brought forth four children.
Sorry to say, Jane passed away in 1511. Thomas remarried nearly straight away with his second wife being a wealthy widow called Alice Middleton. Thomas’ friends attested that the marriage was a happy one although the couple did not have children together (3).
4 Guy, John. 2008. A Daughter’s Love: Thomas
How meth affects women and their children Research Paper argumentative essay help
Methamphetamine, commonly known as meth or speed, glass, crystal or crank, is a powerful stimulant that affects the central nervous system of human beings. It is a highly addictive drug. It stimulates the brain and the spinal cord hindering the normal function of neurotransmission.
Meth is sold inform of pills, capsules, powder and chunks and can be taken into the body systems through injections, inhaling or smoking.
There are three different types of methamphetamine they include dextro-methamphetamine (d-meth) the most abused and common form of meth its side effects are said to be fewer as compared to the other forms, dextro-levo methamphetamine (dl-meth) that is said to be difficult to manufacture and the side effects are more severe than d-meth and they include tremors, shakes and stomach cramps and lastly levo- methamphetamine (l-meth).
Becoming an addict to meth is quite easy as just a small dose is said to make a person feel pleasurable instantly other meth users report that after taking the drug a sudden “rush” is felt in the body this rush is sensational and very pleasurable for a user.
But once the drug wears off from the system this person become depressed and starts to get irritated and will look for more methamphetamine in order to revive the pleasurable feeling from before resulting to physical dependence of the drug.
From research conducted and reported by law enforcers and treatment providers, those who are using meth are commonly in the high school and college while others are the working class and even the unemployed people mostly who are about 20 and 30 years of age.
The main users of meth are the whites. In Oregon State, the whites make up 94 % of the people using methamphetamine among these the statistics further showed that 54% of the users were men while 46% were women. It has been a major problem in that particular state since its introduction in the 1980s.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The number of deaths recorded as a result of consuming the drug by 2007 is more than 106. Women are said to most likely turn to meth as a substance abuse compared to the abuse of cocaine. As for the youth, the drug is becoming common because abusers of the drug perceive it as being safe longer lasting effects and easy to buy compared to cocaine.
In the United States, a survey conducted by Monitoring the Future whose role is to measure the degree of substance abuse found out that meth was being used by high school students and the number has grown more than twice as compared to between the 1990s. These youngsters are involved in both selling and using the drug as teenagers as young as 13-14 years.
There are repercussions of taking the drug (Meth. 15) The effects of this drug maybe of short term or long term, depending on the duration and amount of drug being consumed by an individual. The short term effects are experienced once the drug is introduced into the body system.
A kind of pleasurable sensation is experienced; it also includes increase in alertness, increased physical activity, and decrease in appetite, the respiration rate increases and increase in wakefulness.
Meth is also known to cause hyperthermia that can lead to sudden death and cardiovascular collapse especially due to high blood pressure that leads to constrictions of veins.
Long term effects are chronic the addict may have suicidal thoughts, adopt psychotic or violent behavior even if he/she was not violent, have auditory hallucinations. The victim may become paranoid to an extent of becoming delusional and also having mood swings. The addict also experiences dental problems like having bleeding gums
As for women, the feeling of invincibility brought about by having meth is their body system is what is said to lure them to continuously take the drug. Some of the women who are addicted to meth believe they can do anything and can accomplish all they want.
We will write a custom Research Paper on How meth affects women and their children specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These feeling is an effect brought by the drug. Most women, especially the mothers turn to meth in order to relive themselves from the social pressure from work and the pressure of taking care of family responsibilities. There are those who turn to meth for comfort when they are depressed, stressed, has attention deficit disorder or bipolar disorder.
The society is however more concerned by the fact that the practice of using meth is increasing among the gay members leading to high risks of these individuals acquiring HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
People on meth are characterized by lack of sleep and they start to hallucinate mostly they tend to imagine that they have bugs crawling over their bodies and skin and they end up picking these imaginary bugs that later results to wounds then scars known as meth sores.
There are those women who use the drug to loose weight because one of the effects of meth is that one looses appetite. The fact that these people eat very little strains the functioning of the body system.
But the weight loss resulting from taking meth is extreme and not the normal weight loss. This however changes when the body begins to adapt to the toxins introduced to the body resulting to no more weight loss issues.
Another part of the body that is affected by using meth is the mouth (“Basic facts…” 16). All those using the drug have signs of tooth decays a condition that has come to be known as “meth mouth”. These people are characterized by having rotten teeth or having black stained teeth caused by the corrosive chemicals available in the drug e.g. ammonia, red phosphorous and lithium.
According to a 2000 report from the Journal of Periodontology, it was found out that the extent of tooth decay varied from one user to another. According to the report those people who used the drug through snorting had worse tooth decay conditions as compared to those who used it through smoking or injecting it directly into the blood stream (Kashani and Ruha 988).
The effects are more severe during the pregnancy period. By using meth, an individual automatically alters the normal function of the body’s system and every expectant woman should be cautious of what kind of chemicals especially the drugs she is taking into her body. She should be aware that not all drugs are good during the pregnancy period because the effects of most of the drugs will recur to the unborn baby because the toxins of the drugs will penetrate from the placenta into the baby’s’ body.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How meth affects women and their children by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The effects of the toxins may result to the baby being born with all kinds of defects such as cleft palates and other behavioral disorders that can extend even when the child is all grown up.
There are other problems encountered by women who use meth while still in their pregnancy period example is the lack of appetite that leads to the woman becoming malnourished directly affecting the baby’s health thus the baby experiences weight loss after birth.
At times children born by mothers who are addicts of meth tend to become dependent to methamphetamines hence becoming addicts themselves. One of the worst effects of meth to the unborn baby is that they end up having long term neurodevelopment problems.
Another problem encountered by an expectant woman who is under the influence of meth is premature labor pains or birth and they can even end up having miscarriages. The purpose of this relying this information it to make those women who abuse meth and still go ahead and get pregnant know that they can get help (Roll 9-10).
The unborn child does not have to live a life full of health problems just because the mother did not care about them when she was having fun while she intoxicated the child in her womb. If an expectant woman is experiencing meth addiction, she is obligated to seek the necessary health care for both her and her unborn baby.
Seeking help during the early terms of her pregnancy gives a good chance to of having a healthy baby who will live a practically normal life just like any other child. But those who are late into their pregnancy term should not give up hope of having healthy babies.
If a pregnant woman really cares for the health of her child she should do everything she can to ensure that the child gets exactly that. Expectant women who are addicts of meth should be aware that any help provided no matter what trimester of her pregnancy she is in the baby is said to always benefit from all the available help.
Some of the help given to these women and their unborn children is detoxification that should be carried out safely through guide lines provided by professionals concerned with drug addicts more especially in a rehab.
In a rehab one is sure of a treatment program concerned with meth addicts, addicts are sure of getting care that includes detoxification, substance abuse treatment, obstetric evaluation and psychiatric evaluation (Roll 13).
As for children in the United States, they are increasingly getting exposed to the drug because most of the labs used to manufacture the drugs are right in their homes. These children are exposed to all kinds of toxic matter used in the creation of the drug.
There are fumes produced as end products when making the drug. The fumes are highly toxic and when a child inhales the fumes, they are bound to have health problems that may last a lifetime. Some of the health problems these children face include, brain damage, liver ,kidney and lung failure, they also acquire skin problems.
Children brought up by parents who abuse the drug are known to be abused by their parents and most of them facing negation from their parents and guardians. The children end up experiencing emotional problems and distress others develop some behavioral problems due to rejection and neglect.
United States continent has been presented with challenges in dealing with the meth epidemic. Meth problem should be among the agendas that need to be solved to reduce the number of legal environmental and social problems caused by its use. During a campaign to help those addicted of meth in Oregon around 2008, an average number of over 7000 people were admitted into rehab centers for treatment among these people, 49.1.5 of them were women ranging from 12 to 65 years of age many of whom were in the age bracket of 26-65 years.
Women especially those who are expectant or those who have young children need to be aware that they are entitled to proper care especially if they are recovering from being addicts. Even though treatment can be given to expectant mothers outside the rehab centers, still they are required to have people who will look after them and ensure they carry out their prenatal responsibilities properly (Hansell 8).
Those who are in charge of the health of these women should monitor their patients carefully to avoid relapse experiences. If possible all patients suffering from these addictions should be placed in places where there would be enough care for them and their children.
Women who are recovering from consumption of the drug are known to have relapses especially when they experience any form of exhaustion, or house work burdens that comes with the taking care of a child and having to carry out almost all family responsibilities. These women might turn to meth because that is what they believe would solve their problems by giving them the energy required to accomplish all the tasks at hand.
The process of recovering from methamphetamine is done in stages. Recovery processes are long and they involve therapy sessions where addicts are taught how to manage their cravings and they are also encouraged not to engage in any activity that would cause a relapse. Parents are urged to talk to their children about substance abuse to reduce the rate which young people are indulging in substance abuse including the public health providers who are responsible of administering good health to patients.
Works Cited “Basic facts about methamphetamine.” Drug rehabs.org. 2002. Web.
Hansell, Bill. “The Meth Epidemic in America.” NACo (2006): 1-10. Print.
Kashani, John and Ruha Anne-Michelle. “Methamphetamine Toxicity Secondary to Intravaginal Body Stuffing.” Journal of Toxicology Vol. 42, No. 7 (2004): 987–989. Print.
“Methamphetamine.” www.drugabuse.gov (2010): 1-4. Print.
Roll, John, et al. “Contingency Management for the Treatment of Methamphetamine Use Disorders.” Am J Psychiatry 163:1993-1999, (November 2006): 1-13. Print.
The War in Iraq and the U.S. Invasion Essay (Critical Writing) online essay help: online essay help
On September 11, 2001, devastating terrorist attacks took place on the United States that resulted in the death of about 3,000 people and the injury of about 6,000. The terrorists’ attacks were the start of the battle cry for the search of liberty and freedom as American politicians promised to do everything in their powers to protect the way of life of the Americans.
Consequently, the U.S. went to war in Iraq for the second time as part of the war on terror aimed at preventing the innocent shading of blood in the name of perverted ideology. The U.S. invasion of Iraq was justified.
The Saddam Hussein regime had associations with Al Qaeda terrorist group. Even though the Iraqi government was not directly involved in the planning of the 9/11 attacks, it provided a good operating environment for Ansar al-Islam, a big terrorist group linked to Al Qaeda.
The war in Iraq assisted in weakening the strength of this terrorist organization, which is essential for the security of the American people. The Saddam administration took measures to provide a “safe haven” for the existence of terrorist networks in the country since they were seen as allies against the west.
Whereas the Iraqi’s government associations with terrorist organizations was enough reason to justify the U.S. invasion of the country, human rights abuses that were practiced by the regime facilitated the decision to go to war.
The Saddam regime murdered at least 50,000 Kurds using dangerous weapons; therefore, his history of human rights abuses put him in the same class as the terrorists.
Thus, his overthrow was essential for the peace of the world. That being said, the Iraqis were yearning for someone to rescue them from Saddam’s tyrannical leadership. Investigations later revealed that even after the introduction of the oil for food program, Saddam was keeping a large quantity of food that was intended to feed the country’s starving citizens.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Individuals who disagree with the war in Iraq have claimed that weapons of mass destruction, which were the primary justification for the war, were not found in the country. Even though this is true, it does not paint the whole picture since facilities for making and testing the weapons were found.
This implies that the regime was able to assemble quickly large amounts chemical and biological weapons to use them in creating massive destruction in the planet. There is also the possibility, as later reports indicated, that the regime might have smuggled the weapons outside the country.
Even though weapons of mass destruction were not found in the country, there is no doubt that Saddam had the ability of making them due to his strong link to terrorism and his constant threats hinting at the possibility of their use. If not, why then did he limit the movement of the weapons inspectors in the country?
As the world’s superpower, the U.S. has continued to play a crucial role in creating democracies around the world. A major objective of the country’s foreign policy is to promote democracy in different places around the world.
If the U.S. had not intervened in assisting to oust some dictators such as Saddam Hussein, the situation in these countries could be intolerable due to the mistreatment of these dictators. The efforts that the U.S. has put have led to beneficial effects and many countries around the world are enjoying the fruits of democratic governance.
Hate Crimes in New York Analytical Essay college essay help near me
Summary Under the assessment of the problem, the problem that is under investigation will be identified and discussed (hate crimes in New York) in detail by examining the various facts and information available on the problem.
The historical time line of the project will also be discussed where the events that provided a background to the problem will be identified and explained. Quantitative information will also be used to provide a more realistic description of the problem.
The policies that are available to deal with the problem will also be identified and highlighted within the research paper to determine their effectiveness in dealing with the problem under study. The literature review section of the paper will involve analyzing the various sources of literature that contain information on the problem.
The literature review will involve assessing reports, publications, articles, journals and scholarly books to gain more information on the topic. The stakeholder analysis section of this research paper will involve identifying the various clients and stakeholders of the research information.
These are the people who will be affected by the research findings and who will be responsible in implementing the policies designed to deal with the problem. The stakeholders are also the clients of the study’s outcomes. Option specification will involve identifying 3 to 5 options that can be used to remedy the problem at hand. Each of these options will be designed to include a change to the policy that has been used in dealing with the problem.
The options will be discussed in a table format where the changes that are involved will be highlighted as well as the people responsible for implementing the change. The general view of the stakeholders will also be determined to see if they agree to the changes in policy.
The option analysis section will deal with a five step basic assessment of the options outlined in the option specification stage. The first step will involve conducting a political feasibility to determine whether there is stakeholder consensus or opposition to the plan.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An administrative feasibility assessment will also be conducted to determine whether there will be any complexities during the implementation of the plan as well as legal constraints. The financial feasibility assessment will be conducted to determine whether any expenditures or savings will be derived from the options chosen to change the policy.
Equity will involve determining the fairness of the options selected in dealing with those affected by the problem while effectiveness will determine whether the selected options or option will achieve the desired results. Once the five step basic assessment has been conducted, a suitable recommendation will be selected to deal with the problem.
Introduction The purpose of this project will be to focus on the topic of hates crimes in the state of New York which has been on the increase and how these hate crimes can be reduced through the formulation of effective policies.
Hate crimes are any acts of violence or discrimination that are directed towards an individual believed to belong to a certain social group or society which can be a religious group, an ethnic society, a political affiliation or a sexual orientation group (Bell, 2002: Bowling, 2003).
Hate crimes usually involve physical violence, assault or damage to property and any other form of violence that is directed to an individual that belongs to any of the above mentioned groups. Hate crimes are a serious offence as they cause a lot of psychological trauma to the people who are victims of this form of violence (Jacobs
Hershey Food’s Managerial Ladder Term Paper best college essay help
Management is fundamental human resource in an organization which indulges in giving the directions to the organizations operations. Management is classified into three main classes for effective administration and efficient production in the company. The classes are top level management, middle level management and first level management also known as first line management.
The most interesting and appropriate level of entry in Hershey Foods is as an operations supervisor which is a first line level management. This will give me an opportunity for progressive lineage motion along the managerial ladder to the top level management over time.
As an operation manager I will have the first touch with the workers involved in operations of the company and therefore the daily operations of the company is one of the key responsibilities. The maintenance of discipline among the operations employees will be my task at this level in conjunction with the middle level management.
The company’s objectives and goals are spearheaded by operations manager though they are not actively involved in setting the goals. Motivation of the operation workers is also another key responsibility of operations supervisor. This is the first line management because it is the lowest level of management where the employees are linked with the company’s management.
Having worked in the company as an operation supervisor for considerable duration and gained enough skills on the company’s operations, I can then successfully join the middle level management as an operation manager.
At this level I will be able to take charge of all the companies operations and thus have all the operations supervisors report to me on the activities of the operations. The goals and the objectives of the operations department is also a key responsibility. I will also act as a link between the first line management to the top level management.
I will also be involved in the decision making for the company since I will be equipped with the information of the company’s daily operations. This position qualifies to be the middle level management since the scope of management is greater and at the same time there is direct communication to the top level and first line management.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Middle level management will prepare me for the executive position of the vice president, Chief Operating Officer which is at the apex of management. I will be able to participate in making decisions affecting the all company in conjunction with other top level management team members. The task of employment and promotions particularly senior managers will be yet another crucial role.
The overall performance of the company will be an ultimate responsibility since the roles are clearly visible at this level. The direction of the company is dictated by the team although we will not interact directly with the day to day activities of the company.
At this level I can then enjoy the highest salary and live in a nice environment. It is also possible that I can move from one company to another and still maintain the same echelon of management or even start a new company as a chief executive officer.
In conclusion the managerial ladder is a systematic organisational structure through which an individual climbs in many occasions so as to reach the highest level of management.
Irrespective of the level of management, there are common roles which apply to all managers, which include; decisional functions where decisions involving the resources of the company are made, informational roles which is obtaining and communicating information appropriately and finally management skills which greatly sit on the individual’s personal character.
Sleep Improves Memory Term Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Human memory is one of the most interesting functions of the human brain. It has been a subject of scientific study for a long time and the resulting findings shed new light on how human memory works. The new finding makes an interesting topic especially to students studying the current trends in psychology.
One of the major developments in psychology is the relationship between memory and learning. Saey (2011), explains how sleeping can aid memory. Sleep may helps learners in formation of accurate memories of what they learn as human brain works well when asleep than when awake. Other than memory formation, sleep can help people overcome trauma.
It is possible to replace a traumatic memory with a pleasant one then take a brief moment of sleep to reinforce the pleasant memory. The purpose of this paper is to explain how sleep aids memory and how people can make use of sleep to induce memory recall, or even replace unpleasant memories with pleasant ones.
Saey (2011) explains the human brain does not work the same way in formation of long-term memories when people are asleep than when they are awake.
This is because of the fact that when asleep, hippocampus takes up all memory formation activity in the brain. The hippocampus is a very powerful brain part and is involved in transfer of information from short term to long term. This make makes it possible to learn something and then strengthen that memory with a brief moment of sleep.
These findings are as a result of a research done on the effect of sleep and memory formation. A group of research volunteers was engaged in a game that needed them to recall where some pairs of cards had been placed.
Initially their memory was enhanced by associating powerful odors to particular cards followed by a brief moment of sleep. Recall of the location of cards was recorded at 60%, for the whole group and 41% for the volunteers who stayed wake.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The recall rate improved tremendously to 84% upon reinforcing the volunteers’ memories with only a nap following the game. The biggest question under investigation by psychologist now is whether memory can be consolidated during rapid eye movement sleep.
These new findings are beneficial in day-to-day life. Gais, Brian and Jan (2006) explain that sleep, after learning, can be beneficial to students who are preparing for exams as it aids long term recall. Sleep should occur not long after learning because long periods between learning and sleep can interfere with memory formation during sleep (Articlebase, 2008).
However , sleep enhanced memory, when done for a long period of time consistently eliminates the effects of any activity done between learning and sleeping and is also equally effective regardless the time of the day a person sleeps (Gais, Brian, and Jan, 2006).
This finding aims to encourage students to take a nap after reading regardless of the time of the day to improve knowledge recall and hence improved performance in exams.
Dialogue Over the Interfaith Christian and Buddhist Perspectives Compare and Contrast Essay argumentative essay help
Comprehension of an interfaith dialogue as well as its relevance is the first point that should be considered before answering the question.
In understanding this, we will all be able to have a clue on what the topic of argument is all about. We will consider Buru Dede’s perspective as the leader of our discussion. According to Buru Dede, all the discussions whose major intention is to encourage joint considerate between two or more religions can only attain his intention by only tackling his or her own religion.
As long as we all concentrate on the scope of our spiritual mores, we will not be capable of articulating in a language that can be interpreted by the participants in our discussion. We are all obliged to reveal to the fullest the genuine theology only by exceeding the customary teachings and policies.
In this case, there will be higher chances of occurrence of an interfaith dialogue. For a victorious interfaith discussion, there must be an individuals tackling using his personal religious conviction. In addition to this, the participants’ religion should also be tackled. The interfaith discussion will thus be satisfactory and successful too. The joint disclosure of each person’s religion encourages mutual understanding among the participants.
To begin with Tom’s idea on the existence of the sharing of certain perspectives among both the Christians and the Buddhists, I think the outlook is true. Assuming that you all know Pope John Paul II, he was a great Christian who also took part in publishing work. During his ‘Crossing the Threshold of Hope and His Holiness’ he emerged with some annotations on a Christian perspective.
As stated in (Cobb 50), The Holy Father reminded us all, that “what unites us is much greater than what separates us … It is necessary … to rid ourselves of stereotypes, of old habits and above all, it is necessary to recognize the unity that already exists.” This is acceptable too among the Buddhists.
Given that, you are well informed about the account of inter-religious discussions, I don’t intend to tire you by repeating its review. I think it is better to make ourselves remember certain aspects of the interreligious discussion. First the term ‘step back’ as it has been used in the context refers to reminding oneself the far one has gone some few decades back. A proof that identifies a Pope’s perspective is ‘unity that already exists’ is quite heartening.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While I was busy searching for some information on the guidelines when an individual is writing a dialogue in a WCCs booklet. The author to this book put up a suggestion as cited in (Sernett 27), “it is easy to discuss religions and even ideologies as though they existed in some realm of calm quite separate from the sharp divisions, conflicts and sufferings of humankind”.
Nearly all the Christians agree to this statement. However, the reverse is true to the Buddhists. The Buddhists claim that they could only agree to the statement if “religions and ideologies often contribute to the disruption of communities and the suffering of those whose community life is broken” (Sernett 27).
These differences in perspectives concerning religious doctrines have entrenched into other peoples activities. However, it is probable that individuals from the Buddhist will with time regret why they don’t do what is expected.
The Christians have a holy book that is written the Holy Father in which the features are given in some kind of sequence and also emphasizes on some topics which the Buddhist can find it rough on disagreeing. The book also has opinions on which the dialogue can proceed: “….there is basis for dialogue and for the growth of unity, a growth that should occur at the same rate at which we are able to overcome our divisions — divisions that to a great degree result from the idea that one can have a monopoly on truth (Smith 37).
However, the faith of the Buddhist does not correspond to the dialogue the way other religions do towards the dialogue. Buddhism is not a doctrine that has salvation. Buddhists were discouraged from blind fellowship in faith matters. He advised his followers to be listening to teachings keenly and assessing personally whether they are convinced if it is the truth or not.
I think Megan has a point. On building on it, I can say Buddha offers knowledge in academics as well as spiritually so that this proficiency can be applied in all fields of life both individually as well as in a group. In spite of the fact that most of the spiritual teachings offered are anticipated to be the same in other religions, it is extra ordinary in this case.
According to Buddha as cited in (Smith 37), “One is indeed, one’s own savior, for what other savior could there be? When one is in control of oneself, one obtains a savior difficult to find”. According to Buddhists perspective, one has to move into the spiritual world for his own benefit.
We will write a custom Essay on Dialogue Over the Interfaith Christian and Buddhist Perspectives specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More We may also consider another aspect which is eclecticism. This may be viewed in two outcomes. Firstly, the dissimilarity between faiths should never be rejoined where it has ceased existing. The Pope in most books exemplifies the Buddhists attitude towards salvation as being completely negative.
The following is what he explains, “We do not free ourselves from evil through the good which comes from God; we liberate ourselves only through detachment from the world, which is bad.
The fullness of such a detachment is not union with God, but what is called nirvana, a state of perfect indifference with regard to the world. To save oneself means, above all, to free oneself from evil by becoming indifferent to the world, this is the source of evil. This is the culmination of the spiritual process.”
The Pope’s assurance is what unites all the people and its superior than what isolates people. This can help in creation of a strong foundation of faith in ones heart.
Buddhism is concerned with day to day sufferings that human beings experience. According to Buddha, “it is suffering I teach and the cessation of suffering”. Christians also talk about suffering. According to Pope’s perception, “The cross remains constant while the world turns.” Buddhist is only concerned amount the reality of evil and suffering.
I would like to complete by looking at the suggestion made towards Buddhism, “the Catholic Church rejects nothing that is true and holy in these religions. The Church has a high regard for their conduct and way of life, for those precepts and doctrines which, although differing on many points from that which the Church believes and propounds, often reflect a ray of that truth which enlightens all men”.
The Buddhist should thus be given a chance to be wished with a happy feast of Vesakh as we are not only taught to be tolerant but also to love one another.
Works Cited Cobb, John. Beyond Dialogue: Toward a Mutual Transformation of Buddhism and Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1982. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Dialogue Over the Interfaith Christian and Buddhist Perspectives by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Sernett, Milton. “Religion and Group Identity: Believers as Behavers,” in Introduction to the Study of Religion. New York: Harper and Row, 1978. Print.
Smith, Huston. “Accents of the World’s Religions,”: Introduction to the Study of Religion. New York: Harper and Row, 1978. Print.
The Death of Ivan Ilyich Critical Essay – Characters Analysis essay help online free: essay help online free
In his novella The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Leo Tolstoy aims to show the fragility and artificial nature of social climbing and materialism. The author tries to achieve this purpose by describing the main character’s relations with his family and his friends, on the one hand, and his servant Gerasim, on the other.
Furthermore, Tolstoy employs the plot of the novella as the key driver of his ideas; in particular, we need to speak about reverse chronological order of events. Overall, Tolstoy’s novella eloquently proves that only material aspirations can utterly dehumanize a person.
At first, the author shows how Ivan Ilyich’s colleagues receive the news of his death. Tolstoy says that the main character was “liked by them all” (Tolstoy, 1); however, at the given moment their major concern is promotion opportunities that would be offered to them after their friend’s demise.
Moreover, some of them are not even sure if they would visit his family because “they live so terribly far away” (Tolstoy, 1). This scene reveals their real attitude toward Ivan Ilyich and it enables us to see that he was only a means of getting promotion, rather than a friend or at least human being.
To better illustrate his point of view, Leo Tolstoy gives a very vivid and detailed summary of Ivan Ilych’s life. Namely, we need to speak about his family’s attitude toward him, especially when they know that he is terminally ill. First, he was entirely entrusted to the care of the servant Gerasim, while other members of his family were quite reluctant to enter his room.
Additionally, his daughter Lisa views his sufferings as some minor inconvenience. She says, “Is our fault… It’s as if we were to blame! I am sorry for papa, but why should we be tortured?” (Tolstoy, 52). This callous rhetorical question indicates that Lisa hardly feels any compassion or empathy for her father.
For them he is no longer a living person. It should be noted that immediately after his death, Praskovya Fedorovna, the main characters wife, inquires about the pension she would receive and asks whether she could “extract something more” from the government (Tolstoy, 8).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Praskovya Fedorovna is able to overcome her grief in the quickest possible way, and for her the death of her husband is just a source of revenue.
Tolstoy contrasts these characters with the servant Gerasim, who seems to be the only person, who is not indifferent about the sufferings of Ivan Ilych. Gerasim acts as a link between the protagonist and the outside world. By displaying care and compassion toward the dying man, this servant makes Ivan Ilych realize that his life has been spend in vain, while none of his so-called friends wants to see him.
Overall, by contrasting Gerasim with other characters, Tolstoy emphasizes the callousness and self-interest of the upper classes in the then Russian society and compares it to the spiritedness of the simple people. It should be noted that Tolstoy mentions several time that Gerasim is a mere uneducated peasant.
On the whole, Tolstoy’s novella can be viewed as a masterpiece of realistic prose. In this work, the writer managed to describe a very hierarchical Russian society of the nineteenth century and showed that a person, who is only trying to climb the ladder of this hierarchy, can eventually find oneself a very hopeless and helpless position. Ivan Ilyich is a great example of such a person.
Works Cited Tolstoy. L. The Death Of Ivan Ilych. Kessinger Publishing 2004. Print.
Business Communication Trends Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Communication is a prerequisite for organizational success. If communication in an organization has mistakes, the organization could suffer substantial losses due to wastage of valuable resources such as time, goodwill, employee efforts etcetera.
Business communication is among the most dynamic forms of communication due to the mere fact that businesses are aimed at profit maximization, and any change towards more effective communication would make a business achieve this goal.
In the contemporary society, businesses are changing their forms of communication to keep in pace with changes in technology. I have personally experienced and witnessed most of the contemporary trends in business communication in my workplace.
Communication is particularly crucial in the day-to-day running of a business. The need for effective communication in the day-to-day running of a business is due to the fact that a business may have a number of workers and clients who will need specific information at certain times in order for them to play their roles in the business.
In order to work on something during the day-to-day running of a business, stakeholders need to be involved in decision making and action taking. This need will necessitate that these people be informed of a meeting in advance so that they plan for the meeting.
The stakeholders will, in most cases, be separated by space and thus the achievement of effective communication will prove to be difficult without the use of reliable communication tools. Thus effective and reliable tools such as email or text messaging to convene the meeting will be necessary.
Some tools of communication are also critical in the running of the day-to-day activities of an organization because they provide evidence of transactions (Bates, 2010, p. 1). For instance, correspondences between an organization and a customer could be used as an evidence of a transaction in case a misunderstanding arises.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Communication is also important in the day-to-day running of a business because it ensures that employees’ efforts are properly coordinated. This results in effectiveness of the operations of the business because there will be no cases of duplications and repetitions.
In the recent past, people in businesses used to communicate via letters sent by post. Communication within the business or organization was mainly done by the use of paper memos. Minutes of meetings used to be documented in paper form and delivered by hand or mail to the person they concern. Nowadays, communication has been completely changed by the use of technology.
E-mails have substituted virtually all the former forms of communication such as letters, memos and minutes. Emails are now, increasingly, used in businesses and organizations to send letters,
memos and they are even to send minutes of meetings in which a soft copy of the minutes is emailed as an attachment to respective recipients (Hunt, 2010, p. 1). Also among the main changes to business communication is teleconferencing in which people hold a meeting by the use of their phones while in remote locations.
Also similar is the use of videoconferencing for holding meetings in which the members can see each other in a video device. Businesses and professionals are also using social networking sites in carrying out their day-to-day activities. This is achieved by the sending of private messages on the social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace.
This is common with media houses that are increasingly using the social networks to reach their clients. Professionals and business people are also making use of blogs on the internet to look for customers and consultants (Ober, 2009, p. 37). The blogs also give their visitors a chance to post comments and messages to a given business, organization, or individual.
Although the contemporary change in the trends in communication has resulted in more effective communication, they also have their shortfalls. For instance, not everyone is technology-savvy, and thus an assumption by a sender of a message that the receiver is familiar with technology may have undesirable effects. Additionally, the tools of teleconferencing and video conferencing require effective planning for them to be successful.
We will write a custom Essay on Business Communication Trends specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The contemporary trends in business communication have seen the use of a variety of technology tools in day-to-day communication. There a numerous messages that have come as a result of the use of these technology tools. Some of these messages are stated in the discussion above and they include email messages, text messages and even private messages sent on social networking sites.
As evidenced from the discussion above, communication is a an important part of any business. Without communication, most businesses will, perhaps, be brought to a halt. The business community has thus been exploring ways in which to effectively communicate during their day-to-day activities.
From the discussion, the business community owes the contemporary effectiveness in communication to technology. This is because most of the changes that have taken place in communication over the years have been enabled by the presence of technology tools.
The tools include the aforementioned messages such as emails, text messages, and facilities such as teleconferencing, video conferencing, and the like. Business people who have not yet embraced the change in business communication should therefore ensure that they research on how they can use technology tools to make their communication effective.
Reference List Bates, S. (2010). Workplace Communication Trends for 2010. Web.
Hunt, J. (2010). Current Trends in Business Communication. Web.
Ober, S. (2009). Contemporary Business Communication (7th Ed). New York. Wadsworth Publishing.
Choose one client from your Community Health rotation and identify needed community resources for the client. Complete an SBAR document essay help free
Choose one client from your Community Health rotation and identify needed community resources for the client. Complete an SBAR document including the situation, background of the client, your assessment, and recommendations for this client including specific community resources. **In order to successfully complete this assignment, you must attain a Level 2 in all categories. You may be asked to resubmit the assignment until you have met a Level 2 in all rubric categories.
Artistic Renaissance Humanism Critical Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Renaissance Humanism: During the period of 1400 and 1650, the humanism term was used for main social philosophy and intellectual and literary works.
“Expansion of trade, growth of prosperity and luxury and widening social contacts created great interest in worldly pleasures, in spite of formal adherence to ascetic Christian policy.” In that case people welcomed such classical writers or artists who conveyed same social values and secular attitudes in their creative works (Kreis, 2008, 1).
In 1808, a German educator, F.J. Niethammar described the term ‘humanism’. It was to describe some scientific and educational study programs.
“The term ‘umanista’ or ‘humanist’ was described in the fifteenth century that told about a professional group of teachers who were related to the subject called ‘studia humanitatis.” Humanism never opposed logics but it was not in favor of Scholasticism(Hooker, 1996, 2).
“The man of renaissance lived in two worlds-the world of the medieval Christian matrix, in which the importance of every phenomenon was eventually indomitable through similar point of view. The man felt himself deferring between reason and faith” (Kreis, 2008, 3).
Beauty was understood a major part of life and humanist cult of beauty was explained that made it simple that humanism is above everything.
It was called an aesthetic movement. The aestheticism became the major element that superseded supernatural and scientific elements. “The man became the part of everything and he dealt with an ideal life which was no longer an escape from monastic kind of life rather it was a full participation in rich and varied human relationships” (Kreis, 2008, 4-5).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More About Johannes Vermeer:Among all the Dutch Masters of Renaissance age, besides Rembrandt of course, Johannes Vermeer is maybe the most popular today. He was born in October 1632 and died in December 1675, lived and worked in Delft.
Though his life was short lived but he left most exquisite paintings in Western art. Until the end of nineteenth Century, he remained relatively obscure and was not much known in his own days, as he produced not many paintings, may be around forty five of which only thirty seven are known today (Liedtke, 2011, Para 1).
His works are rare and portray figures in interiors. His work is distinguished by the poetic quality of images and the effect of strong and bright colors. Though Vermeer’s work was famous in The Hague, Antwerp and Amsterdam but nearly half of his work was acquired by Pieter van Ruijven (Pioch, 2002, Para 2).
Very little is known about Vermeer or his teacher and evidently he himself had no pupils. His teacher could either be Leonaert Bramer or Carel Fabritius of Delft. He was a respected member of the Delft painter’s guild (Liedtke, 2011, Para 2).
“Vermeer’s father was a silk weaver but by about 1630 became an innkeeper and art dealer. He got married in 1653 to a wealthy catholic divorcee and converted to their religion” (Liedtke, 2011, Para 1). He moved into his wife’s house in the heart of Delft. He died at a young age of forty three leaving his wife with eleven children and his paintings. Though his paintings commanded high prices but due to the miserable Dutch economy of 1670’s made his last few years miserable(Liedtke, 2011, Para 1).
Vermeer’s original concept was not like today’s balanced composition. In the period of 1950s and 1960s the Dutch genre painters most commonly used the theme of a woman at her toilette. Vermeer’s famous painting ‘The Young Woman before a Mirror’ in 1962 was an iconographic work. “He made some critical changes in his composition according to the revelation of neutron autoradiography”(Janson, 2011). He concentrated his vision on the upper part of the composition.
“He reshaped the bluish clothe of the still life and removed many black and white floor tiles and many other complex structure of table” (Janson, 2011). That is why the viewers mainly focus on the upper portion. His major modification was to exclude the musical instrument like cittern (Janson, 2011).
We will write a custom Essay on Artistic Renaissance Humanism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Arthur Wheelock, “in the present work the artist minimized the apparent physical activity of the figure, portraying her at the moment she has the ribbons pulled taut.
Her thoughts may be inward, but they are expressed through her gaze, which reaches across the white wall of the room to the mirror next to the window. The whole space between her and the side wall of the room thus becomes activated with her presence.
It is a subtle yet daring composition, one that succeeds because of Vermeer’s acute sensitivity to the placements of objects and to the importance of spaces between these objects”(Janson, 2011).
In the painting ‘The Young Woman before a Mirror’ the most exclusive modification was “the exclusion of a large wall map that surrounded the standing girl absorbing her from into the rest of the composition and eliminating the direct line of her gaze towards mirror” (Janson, 2011). Wheelock mentions that “the map, representing the physical world, and the musicalinstrument, referring to sensual love, would have given a context for interpreting the mirror and the pearls negatively rather than positively.
Indeed, the sensual earthy connotations are similar to those associated with ‘Vrouw Wereld” (Janson, 2011). “The Vrouw Wereld (the Lady World) was a well-known allegorical figure dating back to medieval times who personifies worldly pleasures and transience.
By removing the map and musical instrument, Wheelock proposes that Vermeer transformed the image into a poetic one evoking the ideals of purity and truth,” which actually have been the main qualities of renaissance era (Janson, 2011).
The importance of mirror in his paintings: Normally the mirrors can be associated with many innovative meanings and associations.“They are used generally as the symbol of wisdom and self-knowledge built at the same time they can be associated with vanity, an unhealthy amount of self-regard” (Janson, 2011).
Renaissance artists are popular for using the mirrors more objectively to analyze reality. The Roman goddess Venus’s characteristics also can be associated with the use of mirrors as in the olden time, “the mirrors could be related with the world of women” (Janson, 2011).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Artistic Renaissance Humanism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More “From the Renaissance, Vanity and Deception were the connotations the mirror carried most often rather Truth and Prudence”(Janson, 2011).
There is no evidence about Vermeer’s interaction with his colleagues. He boldly did not follow the innovative themes and painting techniques as his colleagues did. His paintings reflect his character and nature and present him as a quiet and balanced person. He seems to be an “even-tempered, confident, controlled and likely graced with above average social skills” (Janson, 2011).
Reference List Hooker, Richard. 1996. “Humanism.” WSU. Web.
Janson, Jonathan. 2011. “The Complete Interactive Vermeer Catalogue.” E V.co. Web.
Kreis, Stever. 2000.“Renaissance Humanism.” The History Guide. Web.
Liedtke, Walter. 2011. “Johannes Vermeer.” Heilbronn Timeline of Art History. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Web.
Pioch, Nicholas. 2002. “Vermeer Jan.” WebMuseum, Paris. Web.
The Fat Tax Concept Argumentative Essay college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Challenges of obesity
Fat tax policy
Introduction Obesity is becoming increasingly a major issue in the U.S. thereby necessitating a swift intervention by the government to bring the menace within controls. This paper will apply certain microeconomic concepts in conjunction with a cost-benefit system to investigate the impact of fat tax. The concept relevant to this theme involves, the rational and irrational decision-making regarding obesity-related consumption choices.
Challenges of obesity According to the statistic of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (31), adults of age between 20 and 74 the incidence of obesity has increased from 15% to 27% between 1980 and 1999. Moreover, 1999 saw 13% of children aged between 6, and 11 and 14% of teenager indicate a body mass index between 25 and 30. Typically, overweight individuals have increased risk of developing diabetes (Southworth 41).
In the U.S. a rise in the incidence of diabetes signifies a health crisis as well as financial crisis. For instance, in 2000, the federal government invested a total of $117 billion on issues related to obesity. Worth noting, the mortality attributed to obesity is approximately 300,000annualy (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5- ).
The above mentioned cost, encompass medical expenditures and decreased productivity and income. Practically, this cost is higher relative to the cost related with tobacco consumption. (Kuchller
Survey in Research studies Definition Essay custom essay help
Purpose of a survey Different life situations give rise to circumstances that calls for more explanation to be well understood. In research studies, survey is used to collect data, so that detailed and quantified description of certain issues in the society can be availed.
It takes an approach where the researcher asks, in written, electronic or verbal form, questions to the respondents and the information gotten is analysed for making inferences that can be generalised.
Surveys can be used to collect first hand information regarding an issue, or can be used to test certain believes in a society. It does so through certain topic related questions to people who are known to have information (Allan
Cause and Effects of The Great Depression Cause and Effect Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction The great Depression took place in America during the 1920s and its effects were unprecedented as it caused poverty and suffering upon the society.
Many believe that that the depression was caused by the U.S. stock-market crash that took place in 1929. Nonetheless, there is no consensus on its cause as other factors are also acceptable. The economic devastation of the 1920s led to the Great Depression and brought a tragedy for the whole society.
Causes of The Depression Many causes have been put forward to explain the causes of the great Depression over which the economists have disagreed. However, one thing that cannot be disputed is that the Depression had major impacts upon the country and the lives of people.
Crash of stock market
The crash of the stock market in 1929 ushered in the Great Depression. The capital in America was represented by stocks. There were easy-money policies that caused the stocks prices to go very high and this led to a big speculation that made people invest all their money in the stock market.
Eventually, the price of the stocks went down sharply and people started selling their stocks in panic. The number of stocks available for sale was higher that the number of people willing to buy and eventually the market crashed (Great Depression, 2008).
Uneven distribution of prosperity
The 1920s saw the American economy rise but the prosperity was unevenly distributed and the farmers as well as the untrained laborers were largely excluded. It therefore led to the nation having a greater production capacity and could not match in consuming the products.
Moreover, the policies of the Republican administration in regards to war-debts and tariff had led to a decline in market for the American goods (Great Depression, 2008).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Effects of The Depression The effects of the Great Depression were felt both at home and abroad. No one escaped its reeling effects. For example, countries in Europe were affected greatly as their economies were hit hard. In Germany, the economic blow led to social dislocation that is alleged to have played a major role bringing Adolf Hitler to power (Great Depression, 2008).
When the Great Depression set in many people lost their jobs. The unemployment levels rose as many factories closed and up to about 16 million people had lost their jobs between 1932 and 1933 (Great Depression, 2008). The Great Depression compares to the economic recession that took place in 2007 in American and its effects felt on a global scale.
For instance, the following words by president Obama show the similarities “Even though economists may say the recession officially ended last year, obviously for the millions of people who are still out of work… it’s still very real for them” (Hill, 2010).
Consequently, job losses and loss of money in the stock market the people fell into massive levels of poverty. The people did not have a source of income and suffered a great deal. The country’s economy suffered too” The gross national product declined from the 1929 figure of $103,828,000,000 to $55,760,000,000 in 1933” (Great Depression, 2008, par. 2).
The suffering led economic hardships as well as physical, emotional, emotional and cognitive sufferings to the people because the Depression was a big tragedy hence they exhibited signs that people going through other crises exhibit (Barr, 2005).
Conclusion The Great Depression led to untold suffering to millions of Americans as well as the devastation of the country’s economy. The effects extended to other countries as well due to international trade just as it happened during the recent economic down turn. No country is in isolation and its activities affect other countries too even if they do not have a hand in causing the problems.
It therefore follows that countries must take precautions to prevent an event like the Great Depression by learning its causes as well as its effects in order to minimize future damage or suffering in case of a similar tragedy.
We will write a custom Essay on Cause and Effects of The Great Depression specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reference List Barr, J.G. (2005). Predicting and Managing Crisis Behavior.
Great Depression. (2008). Retrieved from EBSCOhost database.
Hill, P. (2010). Recession over a year, but recovery not felt. The Washington Times. P1, 1. Retrieved from https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/sep/20/recession-over-for-a-year-americans-dont-feel-it/
Business Law Elements Analytical Essay college admission essay help
Four elements of a valid contract A contract is a legally enforceable agreement where one party agrees to undertake some actions to the other party for a consideration; for a contract to be valid, there are four elements it has to have they are;
Legal capacity, a contracting party must have the legal capacity to contract; this means that he must of the age of majority and of sound mind.
There must be mutual consent of the parties to a contract; there should be not external influence that can influence the decision of one or both parties to enter in the contract.
Lawful objective; a contract cannot be enforceable if its nature and elements contract laws governing it, it must thus be in accordance to be laws of a country.
For a contract to be valid there must be some consideration; a consideration is anything of value promised by a party in a contract (Gillies,2004).
Objective theory of contract The theory of objectivity in a contract implies that for an offer and acceptance to take place, the reasonableness of the offer and acceptance should be considered, thus other than the mutual consent of the parties involved, the offer and acceptance should be reasonable to a rational man. If either party to a contract does not act rational, objective and reasonably, then a contract will not exist.
How the theory apply in Pepsi for Harrier-jet prize In the case, John D. R. Leonard did not act rationally and reasonably to think that he can enforce a contract that offered Harrier jet for $700,000; the jet cost about $23 million. He is thought to have ignored objectivity when enforcing the contract.
Why the court held that there was not a valid agreement The court looked into the facts of the case and considered whether there was an offer and an acceptance. Although John D. R. Leonard accepted the offer, he did not act logically and did not consider the external environment. If he had considered the normal cost of the jet and assuming that he is rational, he would have termed the offer as too good to be true.
Advertisement and offers Advertisements are not offers, but are mere invitation to treat. Advertisement falls short of an offer since the offeree has not taken a step to express of willingness to contract on certain terms set in the advertisement. It thus remains as an invitation to bargain (McKendrick, 2005). .
How does Pepsi for Harrier-jet prize differ from a reward contract In the case of reward contracts, some compensation is offered by the offeror to the public or specific class of people after the completion of a certain act.
The contract is like any other contract but with a condition set by the offeror; it only becomes consummated contract after the fulfilment of the set conditions and terms. It must be supported by a something of value that is a consideration after performance of a certain act.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It differs with Pepsi for Harrier-jet prize, in the nature of the prevailing conditions of the two cases. Pepsi had the perceived promise in course of its duty but made in such a way that every rational person could realize the contract could not be enforced. In the case of reward contracts, it is expressing lays clear teams of a case. The expressing nature makes it enforceable (McKendrick, 2005).
References Gillies, P. (2004). Business law. Sydney: Federation Press.
McKendrick, E.(2005). Contract Law – Text, Cases and Materials. Oxford: New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
‘Don’t Ask Don’t Tell’ Repeal Analytical Essay college essay help: college essay help
There has been an outcry over the banning of gays from openly serving in the United States’ military. The Obama administration in particular has contributed greatly to the repeal of the policy. This has however met a lot of resistance particularly from the reservists.
Most American service members support the lifting of the ban. The ‘Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy requires that those members of the military who are either openly gay or lesbian be discharged from their duties. Since its introduction, the policy has caused most servants to lose their jobs.
The law has however been perceived as outdated and unconstitutional in the recent past. A Californian judge for instance ruled the law as unconstitutional and demanded that it be scrapped. Some countries have started to allow those members who are not straight to serve as military personnel. This includes all the NATO signatories with the exception of the United States and Turkey. Homosexuals are however still barred from openly serving in the military in, most of which are Islamic nations like Iran, Syria and Yemen.
One of the reasons against the repeal of the policy was that if those members that are not straight were allowed to serve as officers in the military, then it would be a potential destruction.
Activists played a significant role in the repeal. They included Lady Gaga, Gay rights groups and the democrats. The MTV age particularly contributed towards the repeal of the policy. Lady Gaga in particular has been a major lobbyist towards the repealing of the policy. In fact the gay rights advocates while making efforts to convince the senate for the repeal enlisted her.
MTV video awards have for instance gone towards those works that were aimed at advocating against the policy, a good example being “Bad Romance.” Another example is “Alejandro” which won various prizes at the MTV Awards. Some of these videos have been acted by former service members who were affected by the ban.
Most of them have joined defense networks that lobby for the repeal. Most of the MTV shows that perpetuate the repeal are usually claim to bring to light the unbearable burden that the policy impose on brave individuals who struggle to defend their nation and advocate for the scraping of the policy which they term as despicable.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The same sex lobbying groups have had an enormous role in the repealing of the law. They have done this through various means with the social networks not being left behind. They have held rallies while trying to convince civilians to see sense in their quest for the same sex rights. To some extent they have managed to get most of the public to support them.
The main fear though has been that the standards of the service in the military will greatly be compromised. Most of the same sex rights groups have been of the view that the military action abroad has to be stopped and that their needed to be significant budget cuts in the defense department.
They have held the opinion that every American citizen has the right to serve as a military personnel and risk his or her life for his/her beloved country as long as that individual fulfills the physical requirements he be in a position to follow the military justice code (Shalanda 14).
There are those who on the contrary feel that the law is effective due to individual, political ideological or religious reasons. Most of the Christian churches for instance have been supporting the ban due to the belief that God hates same sex intimate relationships.
The same sex activists have not been on a joyride. They have met much resistance from anti-gay movements as well. For instance there are those who hold the opinion that the military and homosexuality are two different incompatible issues.
They believe that there is nothing like a right to work in the military taskforce. They believe that the military is a significant fighting force and needs not to be interrupted by foreign aggressors who have no idea about the peace, prosperity and tranquility that the military brings to the country.
The activists have however not backed down. Their argument being that; if the military managed to include women in the taskforce and if racial discrimination was brought to a halt in the military then someone’s sexual orientation need not be a big deal as the same criteria could be used to include them in the military.
We will write a custom Essay on ‘Don’t Ask Don’t Tell’ Repeal specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They reason that it would be unwise to train someone for a long time, invest resources in his/her training, only to end up discharging that person on the basis his or sexual orientation yet most of them could be having high qualifications. They also claim that most of the straight members have no problem with working with the gay and lesbian members side by side.
The fact that same sex marriages have been approved by some nations and for even greater emphasis: in some churches has had an overwhelming impact on the repeal of the policy. It is argued that if a nation can approve of such relationships or for the case of the church; if ‘God’ can approve of such relationships, then the military has no reason to put restrictions on the group.
In fact, the ordination of openly gay church servants fuelled the debate and even encouraged the rights groups to push for the same. This put a lot of pressure on the government as well as those in charge of the military to accept the repeal of the law (Lightman 12).
Works Cited Lightman, David. Congress Repeals Don’t Ask Don’t Tell. Polotical Journal, (2010): 12.
Shalanda, Baker. Telling: Living with Don’t Ask Don’t Tell. Journal of Legal Education, (2007): 14.
Ethics Game Simulation Reflective Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Abstract
Abstract The ethics game simulation involved a hypothetical company called Optilex, a game console manufacturer. The company is popular for its product Gameboard X for which it has released a newer improved version, Gameboard X 2.1. However, the company discovers that this newer version is prone to sparking, overheating and may explode if connected to a voltage higher than 220 volts.
The company is confronted by an ethical situation where it has to choose between recalling the product and incurring huge losses or allowing the continued distribution of the product despite its poor safety standards.
Introduction As the C.E.O of Optiplex Corporation, the decision to recall the product Gameboard X 2.1 lies squarely on my shoulders. I have received a report that shows that the company will suffer a $ 100 million loss and a likely tumble of share price in the NYSE if I choose to recall the product. Additionally, I receive another report showing that some countries where the product is to be sold have a domestic voltage of over 220V. I am also informed that it does not meet US safety standards on electrical appliances.
Discussion The ethical decisions at play here are quite clear. There is a high likelihood that if the product continues to be distributed, consumers are likely to get hurt and worse still, young children who love the Gameboard X. As a company, our policy statement holds that we are a company committed to making safe products for all (Stringer, 2010). Since no accidents related to the Gameboard X 2.1 have been reported yet, making a recall of the product will definitely reaffirm our values as a caring company.
Response Upon consideration of the issues at play, I decide to recall all the Gameboard pieces already distributed. I also decide to raise awareness on the risks involved in using the product. Though the product had passed safety regulations in some countries, I decide to make recalls in those countries too since all our customers have a right to safety.
Velasquez (2005) states that a company should be committed to its values at all times. At the same time, making a decision based on ethics shows that the company is dedicated to quality and in this way, it retains its customer base.
Though Optiplex Corporation will incur a huge loss this year, we can still recover in the next financial year since our customers will remain faithful since we recalled the product for their sake. In addition, the adjustments to be made to the Gameboard X 2.1 will not cost the company a lot of money, meaning that we can still reintroduce the product and recover the costs of recall.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion As managers, situations requiring an ethical solution come up from time to time. Though the need for profit keeps the company running, ethical decisions ensure that the company retains its customer base. In addition, employees feel more comfortable working for companies that have ethical practices since it means that the company is more likely to treat them with dignity (Pfeiffer
Organized Crime – John Gotti’s Analyze Analytical Essay essay help free
Introduction John Gotti was born on October 27, 1940. Until his death while serving a prison sentence, he was the godfather of the powerful crime gang family; the Gambino family.
He was dubbed “The Teflon Don”, because of his ingenuity in tricking America’s law enforcers and beating prosecutors in watertight cases. He had a dominant personality, was hot tempered and his readiness to fight made him the leader of a local gang. He was incarcerated for the first time in 1968 for hijacking trucks and got out in 1972 becoming the right hand-man to Carlo Gambino.
He killed James McBratney who had kidnapped and killed Gambino’s son thereby improving his status in the mafia. He later succeeded to the throne of the Gambino family after the death of Carlo Gambino. He was nicknamed The Dapper Don due to his meticulous appearance and cutting a public image with heroic activities (BBC, 2002; Mustain and Capeci, 2002).
Theories Edwin Sunderland
Edwin Sunderland developed the differential association theory in criminology which embraces sociology in analyzing crime. He asserted that crime is a behavior that is learned by interacting with family, peers and or associations. By associating with them, people learn different techniques of crime, crime motives and specific rationale in crime.
The theory explains reasons for an individual’s deviant behavior. Sunderland asserted that an individual’s criminality will depend on the different associations that treat crime as either positive or negative such that when favorable deviance beat negative counterparts, crime paths are opened.
He further proposed that the associations vary in quality by duration, frequency, intensity and priority; he concludes that if an individual has earlier associations, crime will have greater influence on such an individual (Vandelay, 2010).
Robert Merton developed the strain theory also called the anomie theory. It has been acclaimed as one of the most influential sociological deviance assertion. According to Merton (n.d.), there is no inner drive for crime nor is crime of a single person but rather crime and deviance are normal aspects in our society. He further argues that crime is a requirement in our society for the society to achieve social progress and generate solidarity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to him, the social structure in our society is what gives birth to crime. He argues that the American social structure and its structure of wealth distribution and that dream of achieving the ‘American dream’ all require crime to maintain social stability in the face of structural inequality.
He argues that the norm of achieving the American dream is through monetary stability through hard work in school and then in the economic life, but also there is an admiration for such deviant behavior like that of a robber baron who breaks all the rules in the book but achieves success; through the deviant means.
Thus he concludes that in our societies especially by American standards, success is admired more than how it was gained. Success is thus emphasized more than the approved means of achieving that success (Merton, n.d.).
Analyzing Gotti in the Light of the Above Theories Analyzing Gotti’s criminal activities by using the above two criminal theories, we find that both apply in some ways or the other. We are told that that Gotti started his criminal activities as a young boy of 12 years. By interacting with his peers at that tender age, he was able to be their leader and was unable to stay crime free.
He later admired the Gambino family gang and by his association with them, he knew that by committing more serious crimes he could rise in ranking. He had greater influence in his criminal activities by virtue of his earlier association in crime (Smith, 2010).
The second theory above by Sunderland also does describe Gotti’s deviance remain in crime although it is not the right norm to achieving the American dream but all in all, who cares as long as he has achieved it; by being rich in monetary value.
People admired his success despite the means, he was the boss of ‘a new York City Gambino Crime Family and he was later to become the most powerful crime boss of his era. He had an outspoken personality and used to wearing expensive clothing earning him the name “The Dapper Don’.
We will write a custom Essay on Organized Crime – John Gotti’s Analyze specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a life most American consider “the American Dream’ and by any standards Gotti had achieved it despite the means. This seems used to keep him tight in crime and show off that despite how he achieves his American dream, he still lived large (Smith, 2010).
Types of Criminals Gangs Criminal Gangs, Cultural Gangs and Entrepreneurial Gangs
A sociological professor at New York University Jerome Skolnick has identified two types of criminal gangs; neighborhood based gangs (cultural gangs) and entrepreneurial gangs. Cultural gangs are the traditional turf oriented based in the neighborhood and involved in a number of crimes. Entrepreneurial gangs do exist purposely to gain wealth by criminal activities like that of sale of illegal drugs, manufacturing and or distributing such drugs (smith, 2010)
Gangster Disciple is a gang based in a neighborhood in Chicago. They have one major cultural background and despite the fact that they have expanded their operations into other places outside Chicago, they have their roots still based in the Chicago neighborhood. They are thus classified under cultural gangs (Smith, 2010).
Conclusion Criminal activities take many forms. There are many theories which explain how criminal activities and how each is applied will depend on different circumstances.
References BBC. (2002). John Gotti: The Teflon Don. BBC News. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1370984.stm
Merton, R. (n.d.). Robert Merton: Anomie Theory. Retrieved from http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/jhamlin/4111/Merton/MertonAnomie.htm
Mustain, G and Capeci, J. (2002). Mob star: the story of John Gotti. New York, NY: Alpha.
Smith, N. (2010). Skolnick’s Gang Types. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Organized Crime – John Gotti’s Analyze by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Vandelay, A. (2010). Edwin Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory of Criminology. Associated content. Web.
Organizational Design Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
In her article, Sheila Creth highlights the importance of a networked organization, particularly in the modern higher education environment. She notes that there is need for organizations to maximally utilize their members of staff to successfully run the operations.
Creth gives an example of networking between libraries and information technology services for a progressive transition to the future. The article further argues that the first decade of the 21st century was to be a challenging period for colleges and universities in their quest to review the mission and services without compromising the quality of services and traditions.
In the process of redesigning the organizations, according to Creth, administrators will be expected to make tough decisions when it comes to strategic planning and resource allocation.
Creth emphasizes the fact that administrators in nonacademic core operations like information technology services and libraries are the most affected by the changes compared with their academic counterparts. Several approaches that can be used by the administrators are identified by the author and recommended for use in addressing the challenges.
She observes that how the administrators choose to run their organizations is crucial for effective utilization of available resources. The peculiar experiences of a given organization play a central role in the selection of a particular design. However, general trends of redesigning organizations especially in higher education are highlighted by the author.
According to the author, organizational culture is very influential in the design of any given organization. These include the peculiar characteristics and traditions that define the organization. She suggests, and I strongly agree with her, that administrators and stakeholders should consider the structures and processes that promise to work within the local organizational environment.
The next consideration for the administrators is organization structure and processes. Organization structure refers to how the various responsibilities are assigned to the various units and departments with an aim of accomplishing given tasks.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, organization processes involve the understanding of interactions, relationships, knowledge, and experiences among people in an organization. The human component in organization processes distinguishes it from organization structure.
However, according to the author, they are closely related trends crucial in ensuring effective organization design. Organization processes aim to foster a process of team work through enhancing responsiveness and vitality in a given organization.
Despite individual differences in opinion and philosophy, people in an organization are expected to cultivate a team process that will keep the organization operating at its best and in line with stated goals. This will greatly determine the future design of any given organization.
Another crucial trend in an organization identified by Creth is networking. Networked organizations promote effective working relationships among the components of an organization; structure and processes.
People in different units and departments are expected to interact freely as they share their relevant expertise. Through this trend, many organizations have become highly decentralized in most of its operations and decision making.
The author identifies the requirements in a networked organization like personal discipline, good communication skills and spirit of teamwork. With the current advancement in information, communication and technology, I concur with Creth that these are crucial characteristics that will help transform organizations and design them for the better.
It is apparent that there is need to consider organizational design as a way of attaining significant developments in productivity as well as the quality of services rendered by any given organization. This is because organization design is the best way towards addressing and overcoming the challenges that may be experienced.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Organizational Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organization design will go a long way in facilitating the quest for new, timelier, and high quality services, as well as in the production of new products. The future of organizational design, if well managed, is bright and will result in increased efficiency in productivity and fulfillment of stated mission.
Negotiating Contracts with Japanese Organizations. Best Approaches Report (Assessment) best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Aspects of Japanese culture
Various assumptions about the culture
Approach to contract negotiations
Introduction Negotiation of contracts forms the basis of different individuals performing a particular task together, regardless of their cultural, political, economical, or religious backgrounds. Two or more individuals, countries come together and discuss about how they can work together for the achievement of a common goal, and for the welfare of all of them.
Contracts are agreements on something, which may even be documented, mostly involving a task that would be shared for a particular period, hence does not last forever. This paper will investigate into the cultural aspects of Japan as well as the assumptions put across about it.
Additionally, it will look closely into the best approaches that I can use to negotiate a contract with an organization based in Japan as well as the most crucial factors that should be considered in such a scenario. Furthermore, it will also provide an overview of the variations that would occur if I was negotiating with people from my own country.
Aspects of Japanese culture Japan is known for its unique culture among all other countries in the world. First, its culture is marked by an aspect of homogeneity. This form of set up implies that few foreigners would be found living in the country. Even though they embrace carrying out international businesses, they discourage intermarriages as a way to enhance the homogeneity.
This aspect has also contributed to them liking doing business among themselves other than trading with other nations. This aspect leads them to be famous for self-awareness, embracing group work as well as being conformed to their state (Bucknall, 2006).
Secondly, they posses a strong nationalism feeling that have penetrated in the business organizations. They have always had the idea that imports are not the best goods for them to purchase or work with for they consider them inferior to what they produce on their own. Thus, they always have confidence with what they have and what they produce, therefore always working hard to produce the best even in their industries.
Thirdly, they believe that no human being, group or state should posses more power than the other, regardless of their wealth or status. They therefore discourage antagonism, the reason for them wanting to be separate among other nations. This aspect also contributes to them working in groups, rather than individually (Bucknall, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Japanese culture is distinct from my country’s culture in that, ours is not a homogenous state, but a heterogeneous one. At the same time, the issue of nationalism has not affected my country so much, since we do not always feel that what we make by ourselves is the best of all, therefore we embrace what other countries produce to be superior, thus valuing imports.
More over, mine is a state where group work is not very highly valued especially when it comes to business, thus anybody can easily operate independent of an organization provided they make wealth.
As a result, there exist social classes of the wealthy, middle class as well as poor people. Furthermore, my state values immigration aspects, making it to have all kinds of people from distinct states, and intermarriage is also allowed (Bucknall, 2006).
Various assumptions about the culture Nevertheless, there are various assumptions that have been put across by other countries about Japan. One, they are very united in all aspects. This is evidenced by their value for harmony, since they dislike mingling with or being influenced by other people from other cultures. Bucknall wrote, “Harmony in Group Relations is heavily prized”; they like doing things and behaving as a group, thus the aspect of harmony is highly embraced.
Secondly, I know the Japanese to be hardworking people and those who are self-driven in everything. It is evident that they have the highest level of technology across Asia. At the same time, the fact they work as a group to enhance the harmony makes them to be termed as hardworking, since when they discover something new, it is usually not meant for one parson but for the welfare of every citizen.
Therefore, I will not be wrong in selecting an organization in Japan to negotiate a contract with. More over, Japanese people fear crimes so much. Bucknall wrote about how they value the “shame on you” phrase since when one commits crime, it is believed that his family can get cursed. There fore, I presume that they are the best people to perform business or any activity with (Condry, 2006).
Approach to contract negotiations Bearing in mind the culture of the organization that I want to negotiate a contract with, I am careful not to fail in the whole business. The Japanese believe in homogeneity, as well as working in groups to achieve their goals, thus I would go with the idea of working as a team in order to achieve a common goal, and promise to work to my best to ensure that the results are good.
We will write a custom Assessment on Negotiating Contracts with Japanese Organizations. Best Approaches specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They also believe in dedication to work, therefore, I would enquire to know the level of commitment they would expect from our company and promise to attend to that. I also am familiar with the fact that they like perceiving and exploiting power, thus I would not go against their ideas, knowing that they are hard workers, I would train myself to have confidence in them.
More so, I would approach the contract negotiation with a lot of confidence and respect for I know that they like such qualities. Furthermore, I consider them people who value integrity, thus treating them with a lot of it would be the best policy.
I am also confident that they always listen to ones proposals and are friendly, thus I would be confident that they would listen to my opinions, thus I would go courageously proposing my idea. Finally, I would only express my interest for the contract, be a good listener, and be slow to speak, since I know that the Japanese like expressing their minds.
I would also make myself value their culture, respect their opinions under all circumstances when negotiating on the contract. More important, I would kindly propose the use of a national language for a better understanding. This approach is different from the one I would use with people of my own country (Schaffer, et al., 2008).
Several factors have to be considered during the negotiations. The Japanese fall in the category of monochromic cultures, whose people like doing things in a sequence, linearly and always focus on one object at a time, hence, I have to ensure that we discuss one thing as per their schedule.
Secondly, I have to consider space orientations in terms of the territory, distinctions between public and private corporations a personal distance that is comfortable in a discussion etc.
It is also important to focus on differences between powers to avoid any kind of discrimination. In addition, it is crucial to consider the best form of communication between the involved parties, whether verbal or nonverbal communication for a good contact negotiation process (Schaffer, et al., 2008).
Conclusion Negotiating a contract with an organization in Japan may not be so easy, owing to the differences in culture, strategic management methods, as well as other economical, political, and economical distinctions that occur between countries. However, I believe that nothing should be too hard if the right methodologies and approaches are utilized to bring two parties together.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Negotiating Contracts with Japanese Organizations. Best Approaches by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is always in order to consider the aspects of culture, and more so, examine carefully ones assumptions towards a particular people. Factors that should be considered while performing such negotiations should not be ignored for they play a very vital role.
Overall, it is possible for me to negotiate a contract, having considered the facts herein discussed. Furthermore, the objectives of this paper have been achieved (Schaffer, et al., 2008).
Reference List Bucknall, K., 2006. The most important elements in Japanese Culture, especially for those doing business with Japan. Web. Web.
Condry, I., 2006. Hip-hop Japan: rap and the paths of cultural globalization. California: Duke University Press.
Schaffer, R. et al. 2008. International Business Law and Its Environment. OH: Cengage Learning publishers.