Introduction Running a multinational internet firm necessitates a clear understanding of increased existence of values within the diverse cultures involved in the online business.
The subsystems of the firm have to adjust to an effective organizational structure in order to facilitate different values in the organization. Effective integration of values can be achieved by increasing knowledge in leadership, as this helps in highlighting the changes that are taking place in a given segment.
This goes along with creating competent staff as well as evaluating the structure used in relation to the organizational culture. But what type of structure best suits multinational internet retailer? How can someone build a diverse culture that creates room for creativity amongst the technical staff? And how would someone evaluate the success of organizational structure and culture?
Type of Structure That Would Best Suit Multinational Internet Retailer In the recent past, it has come to the attention of multinational internet retailers that a number of cultural practices affect their business operations, namely, language used, religion, laws and politics, the level of education, social organizations, and technology, among others (Weitz, 2002).
And in this regard, a vast majority of the multinational internet retailers has taken the initiative of evaluating organizational structure that would best suit multinational organizations. The fact that understanding customers’ needs enhances productivity and better management of a given firm makes regionalized organizational structure best suited to a multinational internet retailer.
This emanates from the fact that a regionalized organizational structure creates an avenue for corporate culture, thus facilitating decision-making process for each segment.
More so, a regionalized organizational structure is in a position of recognizing synergies, and this makes it easier to reform them. It works under the platform of midway between the centralization and decentralization, thus facilitating local operations that are based on a global framework.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, a regionalized organizational structure suits a multinational internet retailer because, despite the fact that it would want to operate under a centralized structure in a bid to retain the company’s values and standards, it is extremely hard to achieve organizational goals due to differences in culture and economic status between diverse countries across the globe (Weitz, 2002).
Hence, a multinational internet retailer can only acquire speed and comprehensive information of diverse cultural practices and economic capabilities of different regions by strategically placing several regional headquarters, especially in areas characterized by diversity.
How Would You Recommend Building a Culture That is Inclusive of Diverse Cultures and Accommodates Highly Creative Technical Staff? In order for an organization to achieve long-term benefits and survival, it must learn how to build a culture that accommodates diverse cultures and highly creative technical staff. However, even though diversity is characterized by innovation, it does not mean that any organization characterized by diversity has creative technical staff (Mead, 2005).
Therefore, it is of utmost importance for multinational companies to not only entertain diversity but also acquire knowledge on how diversity can lead to creativity. This knowledge should involve two major factors: accommodating core beliefs of workers and formulating global goals.
In accommodating core beliefs of workers, the management should highlight workers beliefs with regard to performance achievement, enhance their faith in education by revealing perseverance, exhibit equal value for each worker, and encourage collaboration through promoting inquiry and teamwork that facilitates implementation of new practices (Mead, 2005). global goals, on the other hand, can be achieved by enhancing an effective leadership program that promotes diversity in workplace, increasing the level of engaging employees in the decision making process, increasing the level of challenges in the multinational firm, offering bonus for challenging jobs, and enhancing technology in the operations of the multinational organization (Mead, 2005).
How Would You Measure The Success Of Your Organizational Design In Structure And Culture? It is of utmost importance for the management of multinational firms to note that even though cultural diversity is closely associated with performance improvement, it is also faced with a number of challenges.
With this is mind, the measurement of success of an organizational structure and culture should emanate from assessing the impact of culture on the organizational structure adapted, assessing the impact of culture while adapting to a new organizational structure, and assessing the impact of culture on performance of the organization (Mead, 2005).
We will write a custom Essay on Running of Multinational Internet Firm specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is a fact that multinational organizations are greatly influenced by the culture of people within a given locality. For instance, developed countries are more inclined to coming up with products that take due diligence in environmental conservation than the developing countries.
Therefore, the structure adapted by a multinational organization can be termed as successful if it takes consideration of people’s culture living in a particular locality.
The impact of culture while adapting to a new organizational structure should also be measured since cultural diversity without innovativeness does not amount to profitability (Mead, 2005). The multinational organizations are normally characterized by changes, and therefore they change their vision and mission overtime.
In this regard, the structure adapted by a multinational organization can be termed as successful if the workers are ready to approve the innovative ways of carrying out business operations.
Culture plays a crucial role on performance of an organization, and this necessitates coming up with an organizational structure that shares a common organizational culture.
This emanates from the fact that organizations that lack a discernable culture are characterized by unpredictable performance (Mead, 2005). Therefore, the structure adapted by a multinational organization can be termed as successful if workers from diverse cultures are able to resolve their differences to a level where they can achieve a common ground.
References Mead, R. (2005). International management: Cross-cultural dimensions. Malden, Mass: Blackwell.
Weitz, B. A.,
Outsourcing Issues in European and American Organizations Essay best essay help
MGMT 315 Unit 4 DB The term outsourcing refers to exploitation of human resources from outside an organization to handle tasks that were originally handled internally within an organization. It occurs when the management of a business results in strategic moves deemed appropriate for the optimization of business processes with the chief goal of saving and reducing costs (Abramovsky, Griffith,
Strawberries History Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Various uses of strawberries
Strawberries as an ingredient
Healing potential of strawberries
Introduction Strawberries are sweet supple red fruits with surfaces that are seed-studded. They come from a low-growing plant belonging to genus Fragaria of the rose (Rosaceae) family, enclosing white flowers, lobed foliage, and runners. They originate all through the north temperate zones.
They are the most famous and trendiest fruits in the planet (Roger). There are over 600 assortments of strawberries that vary in taste, size, and feel; all of which have similar trait; heart silhouette, red fleshy tissue with yellow seeds shooting the surface, petite, royal, leafy green lids, and stalk that embellish their crowns (WHFoods). Below is picture of the strawberry fruit.
Fig. 1. Ten great uses of strawberry (Zestycook)
Detailed history The word strawberry is coined from ‘strewn” berries about the plants and thus the “strewn berry” finally turned into “Strawberry” (Roger). They are not actual fruits or berries but distended ends of the stamen of the plant. The seeds are on the external surface, rather than the internal berry. There are around 200 seeds for each berry. They are low in calories and are non-fat, loaded with vitamin c, folic acid, fiber, vitamin B6 and potassium (Roger).
Over the years they have been utilized as medications for ailments like, stained teeth, sunburns, gouts and digestion (Hopley, 9). Strawberries were served up at medieval state occasions as a show of peace, wealth, and excellence. The most well-known communal intake of strawberries is at Wimbledon annually, when strawberries and cream are eaten by very well attired Englishmen in the middle of tennis games (Hopley, 9).
It is also popular knowledge that they were well adored by Russian empresses. American- Indians supposedly made-up Strawberry shortcake, smashing berries in food to prepare bread the colonists took pleasure in; they probably used wild berries because strawberries were first planted and cultivated in America in 1835 (Hopley, 9).
Origin The origin of strawberries dates back to more than 2200 years ago. Initially they grew wild in Italy around 234 B.C where they were invented by the original Europeans in Virginia when their vessels grounded there in 1588 (Hopley, 9).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Early on, settlers in Massachusetts derived a lot of pleasure in consuming strawberries produced by local American Indians who grew strawberries as back as 1643. The period following 1860 saw strawberries being extensively cultivated in numerous parts of the nation. The Hoveg type was first introduced in Massachusetts in 1834 from France.
The Fraser kinfolk in Scotland coined its name from French migrants named Strawberry (Fraise) who accompanied William the Conqueror in 1066.There are allusions to the fruit as early as ancient Rome. Strawberries have been cultivated in 1900s. Currently, more than 25,000 acres are grown yearly in California which generates more than 80% of all strawberries in the United States (Hopley 9).
Averagely, 21 tons are produced on every acre with a total of 1 billion pounds of strawberries annually. The name grew from the Anglo-Saxon verb “to strew (spread) and it was later called ‘streabergen’, ‘straberry’, ‘streberie’, ‘straibery’, ‘straubery’, and lastly, “STRAWBERRY’ to the English (Hopley 9).
Various uses of strawberries Strawberries have numerous uses. One of the most famous uses of strawberries is being used as recipe or an ingredient in preparation of drinks, meals or snacks. Strawberries are used as ingredients in many types of foods like cakes, yoghurts, desserts, salads, juices, meals and chocolates (Lyons, 92).
They are used as part of the food or snack as well as giving that special flavor. Due to their sweet nature and nutritional content they can almost be used in any type of food. When buying strawberries, one should select the fresh ones since they are highly perishable (WHFoods).
Another wide use and well accepted importance of strawberries is their numerous health benefits. One of them is that they are proficient in high levels of anti-oxidants and phytonutrients. They therefore destroy free radicals that could be responsible for diseases like cancer. They are very healthy fruits highly enriched with vitamin C as well being a good supply of folic acid and high fiber (Lyons, 92). They also provide vitamin k, vitamin 5, riboflavin, copper, magnesium and omega-3 fatty acids.
They arrest the savor of sunlight whether they are as tiny as unshelled almonds or as large as goose eggs (Lyons, 93). Due to this nature, they are used as medication for various ailments. Apart from the fruit, its leaves and roots are also used as medicine especially in the ancient Rome. Strawberries are also very beneficial in beauty therapies (Lyons, 102).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Strawberries History specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Strawberries as an ingredient Strawberries are famous for being part of good flavors in ice creams, cakes, yoghurts, desserts, juices. For instance strawberries are widely used by the Italians to prepare “granita” which is an iced up fruit preparation. The ice is refreshing and can be prepared on a day before (Good Housekeeping, 197). The pictures below show how the strawberries can be used as an ingredient in different food products.
Fig. 2. Strawberry and white chocolate mousse cake (GoodFood)
Fig. 3. Strawberry cheesecake (GoodFood)
Strawberries are popularly used as ingredients in cakes. These cakes include strawberry and white chocolate mousse cakes, strawberry cheesecake as shown above (GoodFood). They are also used to prepare pink strawberry cheesecake, rhubarb and strawberry crumble with custard, strawberry and vanilla cream sponge, strawberry poplova, strawberry marshmallow mousse, strawberry and passion fruit meringue roulade as well as strawberry and vanilla shortcakes among many others (GoodFood).
Strawberries are also used as ingredients in strawberry tiramisu which substitutes the coffee flavor for tasty and colorful strawberry effect. One is required to have 3 cups of strawberries that are hulled and sliced. They are then mixed with 4 eggs, sugar, 8 ounces of mascarpone cheese and 30 to 40 sponge cookies or ladyfingers for a smooth, Italian twist (Good Housekeeping, 197).
Strawberries are used to make the famous and delicious chocolate-dipped strawberries from chocolate melted butter. This requires 6 whole, unhulled cups of strawberries that are clean and completely dried up. Then they are mixed with other ingredients which are; semisweet chocolate chips, butter and sliced nuts if necessary. It is then refrigerated to ensure that the coating is solid (Roger).
Apart from the strawberry fruits, one can extract the juice to give a multipurpose strawberry extract for various brands (WHFoods). The extract can be utilized in various foods and drinks to add flavor and the pink coloring. For instance it can be used in desserts to make a strawberry cheesecake or flavored cake, fruit pies like banana or lemon pies. It can also be used to flavor muffins, bread, cookies or meringues to sweeten the original recipe (Roger).
One can also add it to strawberry pie to enhance flavor. The extract can also be used as toppings for tum whipped cream, white frosting and vanilla icing with pancake syrup to give the breakfast a new face. It can be used in a pie to coat strawberries or over a cheesecake (Pulfer).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Strawberries History by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Strawberry extract can be used in drinks and meals to craft a strawberry essence even in coffee or tea to create a flavor. It can be added to a fruit juice or smoothie for a strawberry blend or flavor.
It can also be added to water or alcoholic drinks to make daiquiris or margaritas. Strawberry extracts can form a part of ingredient in sauces to season a meal, for instance over chicken or two sides for tasty meal like lamb in the company of strawberry couscous (Lyons, 101).
Healing potential of strawberries Strawberries are highly nutritional with various vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. They are also low fat hence medically beneficial to diabetics.
They also ensure a healthy immune system due to the vital vitamins and thus appropriate for people with low immunity (WHFoods). Another benefit arises from it blood sugar regulation ability where it can reduce excess or unwanted sugar in the blood (WHFoods).
A number of current studies have established regular eating of strawberries to be connected with reduced possibility of type 2 diabetes (WHFoods). Considerable benefits were only recorded after frequent consumption gets to at least 2-3 strawberry portions weekly (Lyons, 98).
Strawberries are graded top in health-promoting antioxidants. Antioxidants aids fight the destructive effects of free radical action to cellular structures and DNA (WHFoods). To achieve this effect, fruits should be eaten raw when there nutritional value and digestion-aiding enzymes are high (Corbett).
They give an exceptional assortment of phytonutrients, including anthocyanins, flavonols, and hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids among others. Strawberries have anti-cancer benefits because of high anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory substance that augment oxygen metabolism (Corbett). They lower risk in various cancers like breast, cervical, esophageal and colon cancer Corbett).
Nearly all of the tumor-inhibiting researches on animals have paid attention on the phytonutrient like ellagic acid and ellagitannis properties of strawberries (WHFoods). Many phytonutrients in strawberry have surfaced as anti-cancer substances of unique importance (Corbett).
Fig. 4. Nutrients in strawberry (WHFoods)
Beliefs It is believed that if two people of the opposite sex split a twofold strawberry in half and share they fall in love with each other. It represents a sign for Venus, the Goddess of Love, due its color and shape (Roger).
Works Cited Corbett, Doreen. “Strawberries fight cancer, study shows.” Wall street journal. 257.80 (2011). Print.
Good Food. Recipes for strawberry. 2011. Web.
Good Housekeeping. Strawberries. 252. 5. 2011: 197-197. Print.
Hopley, Claire. “Strawberries.” British Heritage 21. 4. 2000. p9. Print.
Lyons, Charlotte. “Strawberry Delights.” Ebony 52. 8. 1997. 96-102. Print.
Pulfer, Rachel. “The Last Ingredient.” Canadian Business 81.17. 2008. Print.
Roger, Doiron. “Savoring strawberries.” Mother Earth News 234. 2009. Print.
University of Illinois extension. History
The Cherokees’ Family Historical analysis Analytical Essay college essay help
Introduction The Native Americans are composed of different tribes and ethnic groupings; among the ethnic tribes there is a family called Cherokees. Cherokees lived as a family and held cultural, social and administrative collectively; the tribe is one of the first American tribes to become civilized. This paper undertakes a historical of the Cherokees in the 18th century.
Geographical location In the 18th century, the Cherokees had settled in modern Georgia, the Carolinas, and East Tennessee. Cherokees shared territories with among others Anasazi, hopi, mayan, Swanee, Hohokam, Mogollon and Salado people. During the time the tribe established itself as Cherokee nation and had their capital center located at New Echota in Northern Georgia.
The traditional life of the people before colonization by the Britons can be characterized as that of peace and unity. When making a peace agreement, they would exchange soldiers. When the Britons colonized the Unites States, a number of Cherokees were taken captive as slaves to work in tobacco, rice, and indigo farms; slavery trade marked the start of migration in the community.
Cherokees had a system of governance and security where the soldiers were trained on different methods of war, they were expected to protect the community. The soldiers referred to as didaniyisgi were commanded by chiefs or community leaders.
Cherokees is one of the oldest communities that had embraced dialogue and communication in case of conflicts; in war, they used their native language of southern Iroquoian to lay war strategies. After conquering a certain community, the army was expected to come home with gold, animals, and other valuables.
The photo below shows a Cherokee soldier:
Living conditions Before colonization, Cherokees were farmers, they were engaged in crop farming and husbandry; they were also involved in gathering, hunting, and trade.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main diet that comprised their meals was fruits, world vegetables, milk, wild meats, and some farming produce. When they got sick, they had some traditional doctors who were believed to have the expertise to cure diseases using herbs. In case a disease was in-curable, it was regarded as a bad omen and cleansing of the sick persons family was done through sacrifices.
Men were given the task feeding their family; they were expected to farm, hunt, and trade. Boys at the age of fourteen years were supposed to join their fathers to learn how to life as expected by the society. According to the custom women were not supposed to be in the army; however incase situation allowed, they would were supposed to cook and fetch water for the army.
Girls were taught by their mothers, aunts, and grandmother on how to take care of a husband. There were systems of punishing family members when they went against their expectations; generally at young age, mothers disciplined their children.
The following photo shows modern photos of Cherokees:
Housing With then technology, the shelters that the communities made were temporary structures that were made of grass, wood and soil. Homesteads had adopted a design that eased their access from the gate. As a security matter, people used to build in a central place where they would protect each other from wild animal attacks or attacks from enemies.
Settlement patterns of that time Cherokees believed that there is a Supreme Being who controls mankind; families and communities in the tribe had their special way of worship the Supreme Being.
For example there were some people who believed some herbs such as tobacco, sweet grass or sages were sacred; thus they would be used when communicating with the Supreme Being. Among the Cherokees, there were sweatlodge ceremonies that were accompanied by singing, drumming, fasting and praying; these ceremonies were seen as the way they could communicate with their supernatural being.
We will write a custom Essay on The Cherokees’ Family Historical analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Before modern Christianity ways came, the natives were practicing Wakan Tanka; according to the practice people needed to treat each other with dignity and respect to please the Supreme Being. The tradition did not have a strong belief on life after death; after someone’s death, children born in the family were named after him or her as a way of remembrance.
The following photo shows a photo of a Cherokee leader:
The Cherokees had families where the roles of men, women, and children were different and well defined; different roles were enacted, for example some families had patriarchal family settings where others had matrilineal and/or matriarchal. Cherokees property ownership ideology empowered women to own property and men were supposed to accumulate them but give full control to women.
One custom that empowered women was the Cherokee custom of wives owning the family property; under the custom, the role of the husband is to accumulate and the wife was to take care and manage the properties. During marriages there were some rituals that were headed by an elderly; the culture of the people allowed intertribal marriages.
Reference List Infroplease. 2005. Cherokee. On-line. Available from Internet, https://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/north-america/indigenous/cherokee.
Footnotes Infroplease. 2005. Cherokee. On-line. Available from Internet.
Reasons of Budweiser Buyout Essay (Article) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Circumstances that led to Budweiser buyout
How it improved their position
Major changes and if they are better off
Circumstances that led to Budweiser buyout Budweiser opted for a buyout because it was facing a long-term sales decline in the United States market. Consumers begun to develop thirst for wines and spirits and imported beers and this resultantly dented the desire for products that were manufactured by Budweiser.
Another reason that fueled the buyout of Budweiser was the 2008 global financial recession that triggered sharper recoil within the American beer market. Other than the problems attributed to recession, Budweiser was lured by InBev’s way of doing business where they dramatically cut costs and consequently accrued 52 billion dollars that enabled it to buy Anheuser-Busch (BBC, 2008).
How it improved their position The Budweiser buyout stood to improve their position because the combined businesses stood to accrue annual sales of 36.4 billion dollars. InBev also offered to pay 70 dollars for each share. The buyout put positioned Budweiser to have a variety of brands like Beck’s and other beverages under one roof.
The buyout put the merged companies to achieve more than they were able to achieve when they were operating individually because a stronger and more competitive global company would spring up with a brand portfolio that is accepted worldwide and which could withstand competition.
They would have a stable distribution network. Nevertheless, they stood to have great growth potential all over the world. The merger and buyout was advantageous to Budweiser as it enhanced its global market access as evidenced in their resolve to expand into Russia after the merger.
Major changes and if they are better off The buy-out of Budweiser is laudable because the $70 synergy was a reasonable price. The deal also did away with protracted court battles that would have ensued on the part of InBev.
Because of the rapid consolidation that has of late characterized the beer market occasioned by cost pressures and declining sales, it was only practical that Budweiser embraces the buyout option to cope up with changes in the mature market it was operating in.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For purposes of breaking even, it was important that Budweiser consider a buyout in the same way the Scottish
Aviation maintenance and production planning in the air force Term Paper essay help free: essay help free
Abstract Maintenance and production planning remains to be a relevant aspect of any organization that deals directly with any form of technology. This paper explores the maintenance and production planning in the air force. It explores the different types of maintenance applied in the day to day maintenance of air force equipment in readiness for its call up to serve at the opportune time.
The paper also explores the concept of production planning in the air force in regard to the setting up of air force production centers and the personnel mandated with the strategic management and the overall planning in these production centers. It explains the systematic process of production planning in the air force through the hierarchy of authorities engaged in production planning.
Introduction The air force manages thousands of equipment ranging from aircraft and jet engines to missiles and refueling trucks. Ensuring that all the equipment is ready to swing into action at a moment’s notice is a task that maintenance managers have to perfect (Nyman
Reduction of ethnocentrism and promotion of cultural relativism Essay argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Promoting cultural relativism
Introduction In an effort to understand ethnocentrism which is defined as, the tendency to believe that one’s cultural beliefs and their culture’s ethnic values to be superior to others. The inclination to believe that one’s ethnic or cultural group is better than another when compared to one’s culture.
Ethnocentrism is an attitude that is expressed in one’s belief that their own culture or their ethnic group is superior to others. The term was first used by William Graham William (1840-1910) as he sought to describe the view that one’s cultural heritage is the centre of everything and all other cultures are measured and referenced to it.
This is influenced by the standards set in one’s culture and one employs these standards as a bar to judge other cultures. It is defined as using one’s cultural heritage as the starting point to judge other cultures.
Cultural relativism on the other hand is the belief that all cultures are equal. Avoiding the temptation to pass judgment over another culture and putting in effort to understand the culture.
This means that in order to understand another culture, studying the cultural practices, beliefs, rites and ceremonies, language, institutions and so on. In studying the influence of ethnocentrism over culture, relativism is relative because they each affect the other either positively or negatively.
Reducing ethnocentricity Ethnocentrism is closely related to attitudes in any society, attitude indicators to aspects such as racism, prejudice and even xenophobia. Ethnocentrism is widely applied in research to understand societal attitudes, as it is a good indicator for measuring how a society is able to accommodate or tolerate another culture or ethnic group.
It indicates an individual’s perception towards what is considered as an outsider group. This is influenced by the standards set in one’s culture and one employs these standards as a bar to judge other cultures. It is defined as using one’s cultural heritage as the starting point to judge other cultures
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Promoting cultural relativism Various studies have been conducted to suggest the causes of ethnocentrism. Understanding the causes of ethnocentrism helps to reduce it and therefore promote cultural relativism. Social identity, which is an individual identifying with a particular group that more often than not leads to the development of a negative attitude as well as stereotyping of persons of an outsider group.
This can be reversed by ensuring there is an avenue for interactions between members of a society. Exposure to different cultures can help fight the negative attitude as well as stereotyping.
Some personality types are regarded as said to be more vulnerable to adopting what is considered an ethnocentric prejudice. Social scientists have attributed the development of such an attitude to lack of exposure to other cultures.
This can be countered by ensuring maximum interaction between members of different cultural groups. This can achieve by the creation of a heterogonous society this can be achieved through encouraging interactions in institutions such as schools and work places.
Economic ethnocentrism can be countered by encouraging healthy competition for the limited resources in society. This is ethnocentrism developed from the perception that certain economic resources are entitled to a certain ethnic group.
Competition for scarce resources in society by the different ethnic groups can lead to perceived or real conflict between ethnic groups resulting in ethnocentrism. Exposure to different cultures promotes equality as well as equity among the different ethnic groups.
Conclusion Ethnocentrism is the belief that one’s culture is superior to others. It involves using one’s culture or ethnic group as the central point for rating other cultures. Culture relativism involves viewing all cultures as equal.
We will write a custom Essay on Reduction of ethnocentrism and promotion of cultural relativism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Understanding ethnocentrism and its causes helps to encourage culture relativism. Research has shown that individuals with high level of education are more accommodative of other cultures other than their own.
This indicates that educating people about other cultures and increasing their literacy can help reduce ethnocentrism as well as promote culture relativism. Increasing interaction between members of different ethnic groups and between different cultures increases cultural relativism.
Religious Doctrines Essay best essay help: best essay help
Religion has been difficult to define since time immemorial. This is because most definitions introduced by various theologians could not wholly enclose all the religious aspects. Thus many people have agreed on a general view that religion should not be defined since the more it is defined, the greater the explanations raise controversy among various doctrines. However it is clear that religion contains complex matters beyond the agreed verbal doctrine.
The three major religious orientations are sacramental, prophetic, and mystical. In all the major world religions, one of the three can be found. Sacramental orientations are mostly found in the Roman Catholicism, Christianity and Buddhism (McCullough et al. 212).
Prophetic orientations are depicted in Judaism, protestant Christianity and Islam, whereas mystical orientations are witnessed mostly in Hinduism and Taoism (McCullough et al. 212).
Most religions that bear some sort of mystical orientation have an identifying characteristic of trying to search for a union that has some greater reality than them. Additionally, many of them have a deep rooted belief that the latter can be achieved through meditation (McCullough et al. 214).
Thus most of them have a culture that wholly practices rituals that act to decrease the sense of the singular self and acts to unite the individual with the creator or with nature. This identifying religious orientation can also be found in other religions with identifying social orientations.
Sacramental orientations inculcate in the individual the correct and right path to salvation, which can only be achieved through the practice of stipulated rituals and ceremonies. The orientation is not only limited to Christian religions but it is prevalent in many other tribal religions as well (McCullough et al. 214).
Most of the tribal religions believe that one can influence the natural process by performing various rituals and ceremonies. The latter form a big part of the sacramental orientation but are wholly excluded in the prophetic orientation (McCullough et al. 212).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thirdly the prophetic orientation inculcates various values in the individual among them; contact with the divine and the supreme being that can only be achieved after the individual has had an upright and straight moral upbringing, while obeying the laid down moral codes (McCullough et al. 217).
This propagates the belief that humans could be more important than every other being including God, for instance a speaker or any other prophet that talks as directed by God. This includes ministries in various churches or public speakers who talk on God’s behalf.
In conclusion, most people are very familiar with the sacramental orientation. Notably, those who have had a Christian upbringing can easily comprehend why some rituals such as the last supper, the Ash Wednesday and the birth of the messiah are taken with seriousness and commemorated.
Additionally, the moral codes are overly emphasized in Christianity in comparison to other doctrines such as Catholicism.
The mystical orientation however is fascinating for most people and especially in Christianity, although a few believers of the religion tend to understand its moral concept. Many people read of the mystical orientations of other religions, including their own, not for internalizing but for fascination purposes.
Religion especially in the contemporary world has been “simplified” to some extent and few people follow the “old rules”; for instance the commandments of Moses in the bible. Thus for many people it is all about the greatest commandments; ‘love your God with all your heart, body, mind and soul’ and the second greatest – ‘love your neighbor as you love yourself’.
Work Cited McCullough, Michael. E., Hoyt William T., Larson, David B. and Koenig Harold G. “Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review.” Health Psychology, 19; 2000: 211–22. Print
We will write a custom Essay on Religious Doctrines specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Gandhi’s contribution towards contemporary social issues Descriptive Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Muslims, Hindus and Christians worship the same God
Incorporation of non-violence when seeking for justice
Difference between the Hindu caste systems
During his lifetime, Mahatma Gandhi contributed to different social issues. This paper evaluates three main issues that Gandhi addressed. These include solving the difference about worshiping God, adoption of non-violence in revolution and discrimination amongst the Hindu caste system.
Muslims, Hindus and Christians worship the same God According to Gandhi, all people worship the same God despite their religious differences. Gandhi appreciates the existence of difference in the name of God amongst the Muslims, Hindus and Christians. However, he asserts that the various names used to refer to God are not a representative of His individuality but His attributes. As a result, Allah in Muslim, Ishvara in Hinduism and God amongst the Christians refer to the same spirit.
In his reference to God, man has made an effort to give God different attributes in an effort to illustrate His mighty. However, Gandhi is of the opinion that God is immeasurable and indescribable. He further advices people to live like brothers and sisters and respect all religions.
Additionally, no religion should be considered as being superior to another which means that no one is justified in trying to convert other people to his or her faith. In summary, Gandhi advices people to understand the fact that God is omnipresent and all-powerful and that He searches a person’s inner-being in order bless him or her.
Incorporation of non-violence when seeking for justice Gandhi played a critical role during India’s struggle against the British imperialism. In his leadership, Gandhi advocated for non-violence as a methodology of fighting against the British rule. According to Gandhi, non-violence is an effective mechanism in advocating for peace (Mayton 4).
In order for the concept of non-violence to be applicable, Gandhi is of the opinion that it is critical for individuals to appreciate the difference between an individual and his or her actions (Mayton 6).One should ‘hate sin and not the sinner’. All individuals should consider one another as being children of one creator. Additionally, truth, empathy and patience should guide one in seeking justice.
Difference between the Hindu caste systems The Hindu community is organized into two main social orders referred to as the caste system. The caste system has been in existence within the Hindu community for centuries. The caste system divides the society into two which social orders which includes the upper caste and the lower caste.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The upper caste is considered to be for the privileged people in the society while the lower caste is considered to be composed of the poor. People within the lower caste are considered to be condemned by those in the upper caste. Despite being born in the upper caste, Gandhi was very compassionate about people from the lower caste. This is due to the fact that the lower caste was extensively being discriminated.
During his lifetime, Gandhi had experienced different forms of discrimination. As a result, he appreciated the importance of fighting for the ‘untouchables’ in the society. He pressurized for a stop in discrimination within the society just because of difference in social status.
Summary The analysis has evaluated three main contemporary social issues that Gandhi advocated for. These include the fact that God is one despite the differences in religion amongst Muslims, Hindus and Christians. Gandhi also recommends people to adopt non-violence means when seeking justice. Additionally, Gandhi asserts that there should be no discrimination in the society on the basis of social status.
Works Cited Mayton, Daniel. Non-violence and peace psychology; intrapersonal, interpersonal, societal and world peace. Heldelberg, DE: Springer, 2009. Print.
Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth Research Paper scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Impact on Adopted Children
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Same Sex Marriages
Introduction Same sex marriages have been described as many things; an affront to God, an inherent right by all individuals, a desecration of the sanctity of marriage as well as an expression of love between two people of the same sex.
There are numerous argument both for and against it with some citing its possible impact on adopted children, the degradation of society as a result of same sex couples, its affect on religious tolerance and the possible ramifications of social harassment due to many believing that the act itself is against the very principles of nature and evolution. What must be understood is that the concept of same sex marriages is relatively new to society with people still adjusting to the widespread proliferation of homosexuals
Same sex marriage can be considered a dramatic leap in legitimizing what most consider an abnormal form of behavior yet it must be questioned whether such a practice should actually be condoned. From a religious standpoint gay couples marrying each other is undeniably an affront to God and violates church doctrines which are literally thousands of years old.
From a social standpoint same sex marriages create undue social tension which may or may not result in violent repercussions for individuals belonging to the homosexual community. It must also be noted that members of the homosexual community are often thought of as carriers for various forms of sexually transmitted diseases and as such same sex marriages are thus connected to legitimizing a behavior that promotes the spread of STDs.
Furthermore, from a community standpoint same sex couples are often thought of as bad influences for their children due to a certain degree of homophobia wherein they believe that exposure to homosexuals may place their own children at risk for sexually deviant behavior. It is based on these various opinions that this paper will explore the various issues related to same sex marriage and will attempt to determine whether this particular type of behavior can be considered either positive or negative.
Impact on Adopted Children One of the current prevailing arguments against same sex marriage is the notion that since same sex couples normally adopt children in order to start a family then children adopted by such couples are at risk in developing the same sexual orientation as their parents (SOLODNIKOV and CHKANIKOVA, 38 – 59).
The logic behind this particular idea stems from the belief that since children develop their behaviors, personalities and sexual characteristics based on what they observe from their parents then it is likely that children adopted by same sex couples will become gay themselves. It is based on this that it argued children should be free to choose their own sexual characteristics and not be negatively influenced by those that adopt them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In fact it is due to this particular line of reasoning that during the late 1990s it was noted that adoption procedures for gay couples was often harder, more restrictive and met with a greater degree of denied adoption due such institutions fearing for what might happen to the children adopted by such couples (SOLODNIKOV and CHKANIKOVA, 38 – 59).
Studies such as those by Solodnikov and Chkanikova (2010) refute this claim stating that based on data reviewing the sexual orientation of children of various gay couples over a period of several years it was seen that such children grew up to be relatively healthy heterosexuals with no negative behaviors (SOLODNIKOV and CHKANIKOVA, 38 – 59).
In fact other studies back up this claim and as such it can be seen that the assumption that gay parents will create gay children is definitely false. On the other hand it cannot be stated that there are no negative consequences for the children of gay couples.
A study by Joslin (2011) revealed that children of gay couples often have to deal with the social stigma of having gay parents due to the fact that it is still not a widely accepted norm for a child to have same sex parents. Negative consequences of such a stigma can range from being classified as being gay, insults, bullying, social isolation and other forms negative social consequences (Joslin, 81 – 101).
It was noted by Rogers and Fossey (2011) that while such problems are relatively minor early on due to a child’s innocence and the fact that the social stigma is not immediately apparent the fact remains that as the child grows older they become more aware of the difference in their familiar situation with that of other families and this, combined with the negative social consequences of having gay parents, at times results in childhood depression and the development of personality traits related to being a loner, becoming anti-social or other similar behavioral characteristics which distance a child from becoming sociable (Rogers and Fossey, 423).
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Same Sex Marriages One of the negative connotations attached to homosexual behavior as well as same sex marriages has been its connection to the supposed spread of sexually transmitted diseases among members of the gay population.
It is actually a commonly held belief that members of the gay community actually participate in various forms of deviant sexual behavior in which a single individual has multiple partners and practices bizarre sexual practices which as a result supposedly facilitates the spread of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and AIDS.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While it may be true that same sex partners practice sexual activities that are outside the norm of what most people would consider “traditional” methods of sexual relations the fact remains that there has been no conclusive evidence which specifically indicates that STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) are more prevalent among the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transsexual) community as compared to the normal heterosexual population.
In fact studies such as those by Brody and Weiss (2011) clearly point out that the level of sexually transmitted disease between the two groups is actually the same and that the misconceptions regarding homosexuals having multiple sexual partners is no different than an ordinary heterosexual also having multiple sexual partners (Brody and Weiss, 298 – 300).
Furthermore it was noted by studies such as those by Grulich et al. (2009) that being a homosexual does not immediately make a person more vulnerable to catching STDs, in fact it was even noted that members of the gay community often practiced safer methods of sexual activity as compared to members of the heterosexual community (Grulich, et al, 1813 – 1817).
Thus, when taking into consideration the growing number of same sex marriages it cannot be immediately assumed that such activities will lead to the spread of STDs since it has been proven so far that the risk is just the same between straight and gay couples.
Religion When examining arguments directly against same sex marriages it is often the case that religious dogma comes up as one of the main proponents against the continued practice of same sex marriages.
From Christianity to Islam same sex marriages are considered an affront to what many consider “the natural order of things” with religious texts specifically prohibiting the union of two people from the same sex. What must be understood is that from a social standpoint the arguments of various religions against same sex marriage do make sense since social stability hinges on maintaining social institutions of which heterosexual relationships are a cornerstone.
Furthermore, if one were to take into account the concept of what can be consider a “moral relationship” then from this standpoint same sex marriages can be considered immoral since they go against what many consider as a moral and responsible union of two individuals (Whitehead, 63 – 79).
In fact religious text specifically state that all unions must be between a man and a woman with those engaging in homosexual relationships often considered an aberration of set standards and as such deserve to be stoned or outright killed (Whitehead, 63 – 79). In fact when examining various aspect of Christian theology it is often seen that homosexual relationships are considered an affront to God and as such tolerance for homosexuality has always been a contentious issue in the Catholic Church.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Same Sex Marriages Impact on the Children Social Growth by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More While it may be true that Christianity espouses a doctrine of tolerance and love for one’s fellow man the fact remains that to this day it considers homosexuality as being perverse, immoral and nothing more than individuals giving into their baser desires (Whitehead, 63 – 79).
The result of the Church’s view on the subject of homosexuality has actually affected members of its own congregation resulting in various Christian communities often socially ostracizing or persecuting people who have been identified as being homosexual.
The reason why the Catholic Church and other religions have this particular stance is actually connected to institutional theory which specifically states that individuals tend to prefer to adhere to traditional institutions and ideas despite the presence of newer and more improved systems since it is in their belief that age equals stability.
In the case of religious beliefs it is the age of the doctrine which specifically condemns homosexuality that gives it a degree of credibility in the eyes of the Catholic Church and its followers and as such explains why to this day the stance of the church continues to be against same sex marriages.
Culture From a cultural perspective, while same sex marriages are increasing in various areas within the U.S. as well as in several countries around the world the fact remains that though it is tolerated due to arguments presenting marriage as an inherent right, whether people are gay or straight, the fact remains that it is still not universally acceptable across all cultures.
For example, in the Middle East same sex marriages are expressly banned and the homosexual culture is thought of as bizarre, strange and an affront to God which results in it being ruthlessly suppressed (Dunne, 55).
In fact in a lot of cultures homosexual behavior is frowned upon and those who “come out of the closet” are times shunned by their family and friends. This is not to say that homosexuals are bad people, in fact some of them are actually quite nice, rather what must be understood is that their choice of lifestyle is considered by many to be abnormal and an intentional lifestyle choice.
When examining the homosexual culture it is often said that a person does not choose to be a homosexual rather they are born that way and thus, in their eyes, homosexuality is a perfectly normal behavior.
This is a rather interesting viewpoint to consider since homosexuality and heterosexuality are usually thought of as behaviors which develop as a result of both environmental and psychological influences (Jeffs, 66 – 71). As such becoming gay or straight is dependent on the way a person develops and is not based on a person being born gay.
Rather, based on social control theory which states that people often develop abnormal personality patterns based on a lack of social bonds which prevent such behaviors from manifesting it can be said that homosexuality is merely the result of abnormal development during an individuals development stage wherein a certain lack of social bonds whether in the form of father figures, mother figures, friends or other constraining factors are usually not present resulting in the development of tendencies related to abnormal behavior which manifests itself as homosexuality (Jeffs, 66 – 71).
Based on this it can be assumed that homosexuality is not a direct result of a person being born that way rather it is merely the manifestation of abnormal patterns of behavioral development during a person’s formative years of development.
Conclusion Based on the presented data this paper concludes that not only does same sex marriage have the potential adversely impact the social growth of children due to the stigma of having gay parents but it must also be noted that due to effects of religious doctrine, negative social responses and the fact that the behavior itself is thought of as morally wrong this research paper disagrees with the concept of same sex marriage and it should be stopped in the mean time.
As this paper has shown the concept of same sex marriage is still thought of as being an affront to religious, social and natural laws and as such at the present it merely invites greater degrees of negative and even possibly violent responses.
While it may be true that from a human rights standpoint there is nothing wrong with it the fact remains that society still isn’t quite ready to openly accept it and thus it should not be implemented until such a time that homosexuality is either totally removed or universally accepted.
Works Cited Andrew E. Grulich, et al. “Circumcision and Risk of Sexually Transmissible Infections in a Community-Based Cohort of HIV-Negative Homosexual Men in Sydney,
Australia.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 200.12 (2009): 1813-1819. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web.
Brody, Stuart, and Petr Weiss. “Heterosexual Anal Intercourse: Increasing Prevalence, and Association with Sexual Dysfunction, Bisexual Behavior, and Venereal
Disease History.” Journal of Sex
The Role of Design in the Website Performance Research Paper scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Introduction There are many designed websites for nations/states, profit and non-profit making organizations as well as for individual that are currently in use. The designing and establishment of these websites have been a key trend since the commencement of the world’s gradual transition to the new era of information technology.
Although there are numerous reasons which trigger the designing of websites, it is viewed that the only major one is to increase productivity, whether it’s for a state, profit and non-profit making organizations or individuals.
However, it has been noted that many websites had been closed and a good percentage of those remaining ones still have poor performances. Simply, the implication of this is that most of the websites are of poor and low standard quality to attract the right number of traffics and meet its needs (Andreasen and Kotler, 2007). Therefore, this work focuses on the evaluation of Bill and Melinda Gates foundation’s (B
George Walker Bush Essay college essay help online
George Walker Bush was born on July 6, 1946 as a first-born child of President George H.W. Bush and Barbara Bush. He was born in New Haven, Connecticut. The American politician became the 43rd president of America.
His family had a heritage of success in the public service and business arena. For instance, his great grandfather Samuel P. Bush was a successful businessperson in the steel and railroad industries upon which he built the family empire. Moreover, he served as a significant advisor to President Herbert Hoover and thus his family had connections with political figures in high positions.
His grandfather Prescott Bush was a successful businessperson too. He served in the Army during World War 1 and together with his wife, raised their children and expected them to excel in everything they did hence they grew up to become competitive and achieved success in their lives as shown by their son George H.W. Bush the 41st American president (Boyd, 2007). George W. Bush did not disappoint the family legacy of greatness, as he became the American from 2001 to 2009.
He attended a public school called San Jacinto Junior High in Midland, Texas and was elected as class president. During his time in San Jacinto, he played in the football team. After a year, he transferred to a private school called Kincaid in Houston, Texas after his family moved there because of his father’s business in 1959.
The following year he moved to Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts an elite preparatory school because his parents believed in giving their children the best education. He was an average student and worked very hard because he feared to fail (Rumsch, 2009). He did not become a star in academic or in sports like his father, but he was very social and made many friends who nicknamed him ‘Lip’ as he always had an opinion on anything (Cohen, 2000).
He joined the basketball and baseball teams and become the head cheerleader for the football team during his senior year. He joined Yale University and studied history. During his stay at Yale, he joined the rugby and baseball teams. He was a social person, and he joined the Delta Kappa fraternity and Skull and Bones a secret Yale society and graduated in 1968 (Keira
Sacred Archetypes by Mimi Lobell Analytical Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Stonehenge is an ancient monument which is composed by barrows of hedged stones that are located in the Wiltshire county of England Salisbury Plains consisting of long and round, bowls, bells, discs in singles, twins, as well as triple barrows.
It is during this period that men improved their architectural skills, and consequently, built constructions that have been “alive” for centuries. These monuments served a religious purpose with a relation to the surrounding barrows, similar to that of a church to a churchyard, or a cathedral in later periods of England.
People of ancient times shifted from their nomadic lifestyle (hunters and gathers) to a much advanced food producing cultures, after settling in certain areas, and forming discrete villages, where they started using stones to put up magnificent structures. Stonehenge society may be seen as egalitarian, structured by kinship who was worshiping its ancestors.
It is this culture that initiated the history of building castles in England; these are the people of that time who saw humans move out of un-civilized cave “houses” into grand builders.
That time was the time of architects who constructed monumental structures, which still, impress modern people. While entrenched in the land, they built permanent dwellings, shrines, granaries, and collective graves. In addition, to the religious role, the Stonehenge moment marked immensely to the passage of seasons that gave practical significance to the people of the time. Indeed, most megalithic structures can be credited to them.
They fit the GREAT ROUND Archetypal Category because, they are characterized by stone circles, passage mounds, sacred caves and sanctuaries, all which describe the GREAT ROUND nature. On the other hand, the spiritual focus is on the Great Goddess, and her sacred Womb-Cavern, which is a prevalent form motif that becomes the prototype for the holy-of-holies of nearly all later religions.
It is believed that the artistic-huge stones were paraphernalia that was used to mark extraterrestrial happenings such as solstices and eclipses in the delightful sphere of the Divine Feminine. Stonehenge, presents a lunar and solar point of reference, which may well have been recognized through the “sacred marriage,” to get in touch with the body of the Goddess.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Probably this could be connected to a function of observing solar and lunar observations to predict solstices and eclipses, which was essential knowledge for people of the time who were exceedingly reliant on the growing season.
The Great Pyramids, Giza, Old Kingdom is located on the Giza Plateau, which borders the Sahara Desert, lying on the Nile River west bank, happens to be next to the contemporary Cairo. The name of this monument ensues from an Arabic meaning as “the father of terror.”
It is among a number of the biggest single-stone monuments globally, which happens to be carved out of a granite foundation. The age was symbolized by dynastic theocratic decree; respect for the World Mountain; the construction of architectural pyramids; as well as the entire elements of statecraft including standing armies, exhaustive farming, urban hubs, and class-structured cultures.
The Great Pyramids, Giza, Old Kingdom do represent a classic period which can be termed as “the world where the Sacred Mountain of the Father-God.”
They fit the PYRAMID Archetypal Category, because, of the manner in which they generate spiritual emphasis from their logo principle of the head of a male and a lion body, which is an architectural that has continued to thrive on the Egyptian culture and other various country’s cultures.
In addition, the architecture generates the idea that the universe happens to be secretly ordered according to divine laws, mystical geometric relationships, sacred names, and numbers imbued with magical power, all of which are accessible only to the ruler and his elite priesthood.
It was this dynastic ancestral divinity, which reigned at the height of a syncretism state-culture religious conviction that centered on the “godly” rulers ritualistic and symbolic mediation.
We will write a custom Essay on Sacred Archetypes by Mimi Lobell specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bibliography Marilyn, Stokstad and Michael Cothren. Art History. Volume 1, Fourth Edition.
Indianapolis: Pearson Higher Education
Early Greek, Roman, and Christian Historiography Compare and Contrast Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Roman history originated and unfolded from intensive contact with the Greek culture. This contact was necessitated by the expansion of the Roman Empire and extension of Roman diplomacy and army. The constant contact between the Romans and the Greek assimilated and completely induced them to Greek literature and art.
Several aspects of Greek culture originated from Rome and straight from the services of Greek speaking slaves. There existed private tutors in the household of the rich and wealthy class who were hired to teach culture.
Roman history copy a lot from the Greeks but they had their own models that could inspire their historiography. According to the Romans and the Greeks, narratives of history could not be subjected to scholarly inquiry and their understanding lied on ancient literature. The historiography context of the Romans is quite distinct from the Greek one (Anon, n.d.)
Oral Tradition The Greek historiography began with oral tradition whereas that of the Romans was based on annals and pontifex maximus which were recorded. The annals maximi contained a lot of information like religious documents, names of consuls and death of priests and all the disasters which happened throughout history.
An example of annals maximi was the tabulae albatae which carried information about the origin of the republic. The founder of the roman historiography was Quintas Fabius Pictor (O’Brien, 2006). The historical inquiry of the Romans followed two main traditions: the annalistic tradition and the monographic tradition.
In the Roman Empire, two languages were employed: Latin and Greek. Several historical writers of both Greek and Roman emerged from the circles which were defined as senatorial or equestrian depending on their political or administrative functions. There was a formulaic basis in republican Rome which formed a basis of historical composition. The previous or past events were narrated in line with annual consulship which was the highest political office in Rome (Mehl, 2006).
Chronicles Romans considered the chronological principle as fundamental and they could modify and refine depending on thematic considerations. Their narratives were characterized by the annalistic principle and it was measured in annus which was equivalent to a year in Latin.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Traditionally, historiography is closely linked with ethnography and did not only dwell on the Greek history but also history of other people. The Greeks were not united as a state and hence it was difficult to narrate the past of a political state so it was only the history of individual states that was narrated.
In Greek, historians used chronicles which was ascribed to mythical authors and later edited by men. They applied logographi which carried information beyond written record. The Christian historiography eroded the ideals of the past and it was spearheaded by Eusebius of Caesarea. Christianity superseded paganism. The Christian historians applied chronicles as their mode of historical inquiry (O’Brien, 2006).
The Muse Roman history can be understood based on the geographical and historical principles. The first form of writing by the Romans was in Latin.
The Greeks assigned Clio which is one of the Muses. According to them, Muses brought joy and were meant to teach and entertain. They valued pressure and instructions. Muse was an artful skill and it consisted of a language and world of sounds. It carried a lot of value and attachment easily attached to the literary works in antiquity.
It is historically noticed that in Roman history there are eight genres and the most conspicuous one was the one represented epic in prose. The drama with Roman history is that just like how one finds in historical narratives, the sequence and serious events have been composed in line with the climax called peripeteia which means the reversal of fortune and catastrophe (Mehl, 2011).
Speeches The writings of Greek historians are heavily latent with speeches; this implies that it cannot be delivered in the original form of how it was reported. In this context there existed no handouts aimed at describing the contents.
Also in references to speeches, the historians used their own languages and never used that of the speakers. Speeches played crucial part in the historical work and lack of handout meant that there was no accurate representation of what it was said but what was put down by the historians in form of recorded speeches was considered a fundamental part of historical inquiry.
We will write a custom Essay on Early Greek, Roman, and Christian Historiography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The speeches were a reflection of the background and an explanation of the characters, motives and the objectives of the core participants. The speeches form a good historical picture and the origins of the speech lied in Homeric epic (Grant, 1995).
Narratives The Jews and Christian historiographers utilized providential narratives starting with history of creation. These narratives mattered because they hinted at something important in the future and demonstrated connectedness. Following the history of the French revolution and colonization in Africa and Asia, the Romans and the European historians published narratives which resituated the place of Europe in world history. The Greek cultures, religion and politics were presented and preserved in the form of narratives.
Historical inquiry of the Greek was characterized by several dynamics; intellectual revolution has opened up a new wave of energy into the field of historical inquiry. In the ancient Greece, historical writings were in the form of traditional poems. People wrote about the problems that afflict human existence in poem form before the art of recording was realized.
Poetry treated an epic theme and it was also used to recount the deeds of heroes. The use of poetry was criticized by Thucydides when he argued that poetry was not perfect medium that can be used to transmit reality since it was bound to exaggerate the history (Breisach, 2007).
Homeric epics were considered by the Greeks as fascinating and useful tool of history. It was particularly aimed at educating the youth. The artistic creations of the epic influenced historical inquiry in Greek. The artistic impressions of the gods, languages and heroes created an impression and appreciation of the past. In the context of speech and poems, they enhanced reverence to the listeners and it created memories and records of the past and acted as the connections to the past (Breisach, 2007).
Conclusion The Greek, Roman and Christian historiography utilized several modes of historical inquiry which included narratives, chronicles, poems and speeches. Though they varied based on their originators and how history was preserved, they shared the above tools of historical inquiry.
Christian history was preceded by the period of intellectual revolution and it marked the beginning of better approaches to historiography. Poetry and speeches were considered instrumental, the bards recited about past tales through rhythmic speech which followed strict patterns.
References Anon. (n.d.). Ancient Literature and Roman Historiography. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Early Greek, Roman, and Christian Historiography by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Breisach, E. (2007). Historiography: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern (3rd Ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.
Grant, M. (1995). The Greek and roman historians. New York, NY: Routledge.
Mehl, A. (2011). Roman Historiography: An Introduction to its Basic Aspects and Development (1st ed). New York, NY: Blackwell publishing limited.
O’Brien, P. (2006). Historiographical traditions and modern imperatives for the restoration of global history. Journal of Global History vol. 1, pp 3–39. Web.
The Internet as social media: connectivity and immediacy Analytical Essay a level english language essay help
Current generations are using the internet as their mode of communication and passage of information; Twitter is the world’s second largest social network. When using the site, users get a chance to communicate with other accounts holders as well as limit the number of people to communicate. This paper, written from experience and some literature review, evaluates the usability of the social network.
When using Twitter accounts users benefit from its micro-blogging platform; this means that users can share information on what they are doing at a specific particular time and receive some feedback in the form of comments from accounts users whom the user has accepted as friends. When doing this, users can keep track of what is happening in their world as well as that of their friends (Milliken,2010)
Twitter has brought the idea of crowdsourcing so real and quick when using the site someone can seek advice through comments of friends after posting the problem that he or she is going through. This notion is that someone can get diverse views from people of different ages and living in different places of the universe.
Tweeter through administrators updates and other people’s, and corporate bodies updates is a rich source of information and news; generation Y prefers to use electronic media as their sources of information rather than the traditional print media’s. Tweeter plays a crucial role in not only offering the news but offers people a chance to comment and give their mind on a certain issue in the media/news.
Employers have not been left behind in the wave of tweeters. There is an increasing number of employers who are using the site to advertise and recruit employees. Other than posting for jobs, job seekers are liaising and sharing information on where there is a job using the site.
On a higher note, employers are judging the character and personality of potential employees or their existing employers through tweeter; this is done through the comments and posts that an individual makes in the site.
When using the site, users can make a variety of friends who think differently or ones who have had different experiences in life; when such an occurrence happen, then users can learn from other people and increase their social networks. There have been some successful marriages and relationship that have been formed and taken shape over tweeter.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From time to time tweeter clubs make social events that help in cheering up the society and the world in general; the events include retreats, parties, birthdays, weddings and in some cases graduation parties and other similar arrangements. The large network of people that users get assists in keeping in touch with what is happening in the outside world (Garfield, 2010)
Despite the benefits and the improved social life created by Tweeter, the social network exposes its users to some risks; the main threat that users face is a security risk.
Accounts holders are expected to give some information about themselves when opening an account. Some of this information gets to people whom they were not intended for; when updating once the status of commenting on a particular posting, users give a piece of their mind or give some information that can be used to judge them, this may not go well with the users.
References Garfield, B. (2010).The Point of Twitter.Onthemedia from National Public Radio.Transcript.Web.
Milliken, J. (2010).Brands and Social Media Participation; United BreaksGuitars. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNpry5iSTBo
International Business Machines and Dell Inc. Corporations Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Research and development
Earnings per share
Introduction International Business Machines (IBM) and Dell Inc. are American multinational information technology corporations which deal with electronic goods and services laptops, software, and electronic accessories; changes in contemporary business environments have seen the companies enact different strategic management policies. This paper discusses changes on research and development expenditure, earning per share, and net income.
Research and development IBM has consistently showed a decrease in the amount of expenses spent on research and development; the reason behind the move was that the company has concentrated more on consultancy services than developing new hardware and software. When a business reduces its research budget marginally over a period of time, it means its taking advantage of the innovations and inventions it had made in the past.
IBM has been a leader in the electronics world thus the decision to conduct minimal research with time can be interpolated as a move to first fully benefit from previous research and development programs or there are some reports that the company is working on.
Dell showed increases from year 1 to 2, 2-3, and then from year 3-4 there was the most amount spent on the research and development; during this time, the world economic situation was not favorable for business (the world was suffering from global financial crisis).
Other than the situation, there was high competition of other electronics companies like Apple Inc and Lenovo, Dell needed to beef-up its research and development programs to compete effectively. The increase in research and development expenditure is likely to be on marketing and products development.
Net Income IBM shown continuous increase in its net income over the five years under review; the increase can be attributed to increased sales and high gross profit margin. The business strategy adopted by IBM is one that maintains current sales level and aims at increasing its sales steadily.
On the other hand, the net income of Dell shown a decline overall with a big drop-off in year four but recovered in year 5; the decrease can also be traced in its sales revenue and gross profit margin. The probable fall of the company’s net profit can be attributed to high competition in the industry; its recovery in year five can be attributed to the results of its aggressive research and development strategies.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Earnings per share IBM showed a 187% increase from year 1-5 in basic earnings per share and a 189% increase in diluted during that same time; the performance can be attributed to its growth in profit over the period of time and net income available to common shareholders. The increase is an indication of good performance by the company where it has embarked on using owners funds other than borrowed ones.
Dell on the other hand only showed a 118% increase in basic earnings per share and Diluted during that same period of time; the increase is steady but when compared with one recorded by IBM it is wanting.
The company is likely to be suffering from financial deficits as use of preferred stocks seems to remain constant; when considering the fact that the company has had decreasing net incomes, the increase in EPS can be attributed to either decreased shareholding or decrease in dividends paid to preferred stocks holders.
Conclusion Contemporary business environments have affected the information and technology companies differently; IBM management strategies has enabled the company grow it financial base stronger than Dell Inc. since 2007. This can be attributed to its responsive decisions made by the management from time to time.
Self-Regulation, Depletion, and Motivation Essay (Critical Writing) a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Purpose of the Study
Results of the Study
There is a lack of information regarding the importance of motivation in self-regulation theories. Thus, the proponents of this study attempts to understand the role of motivation in the context of “strength, or limited-resource, model of self-control in several domains” (Baumeister
Democracy: Definition, Types, Systems and Benefits Definition Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Systems of Democracy
Types of Democracy
Introduction Democracy is a type of governance where people participate in making laws and rules; “it is the political regime where people will become the law of the country” (Lane and Erson 2). This article will give a description of what is democracy, types of democracy, systems of democracy and its benefits in public administration.
Overview Democracy can be viewed as a majority rule. When democracy is implemented, there is no favor given to any person or a group of people. All people are treated equally while assigning positions and only consensus determines if a person qualifies for a position or not (Lane and Erson 2).
Characteristics of democracy are based on “separation of powers i.e. legislative power, executive power and judicative power, the constitution, laws, decrees, elections, political parties and referendums” (Democracy 1). Democracy is beneficial in that it enhances economic growth, good health, and environmental conservation. It also promotes peace in a country. This makes it important in formulating policies and public administration.
Systems of Democracy There are three major systems of democracy namely, direct democracy, presidential democracy and parliamentary democracy. Direct democracy gives equal rights to its members where the head of state is elected from the people in the government periodically.
All parties are included in the government and laws are made through a special procedure which finalizes with a referendum e.g. in Switzerland. Presidential democracy is where the president is elected by the citizens and is given a lot of power in the government and can oppose a proposed law e.g. USA and France.
Parliamentary democracy is whereby the head of state is either a king or a queen. The government is made by members of parliament who have the power to dismiss it. Their laws are made by the government which is composed of the leaders of different parties e.g. Germany, UK and Spain (Democracy 1).
Types of Democracy There are five types of democracy. The liberal democracy came up from the West after people had suffered in the Western countries because of unfair policies which were being applied.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The citizens were seeking freedom when they decided to unite and decide what laws were going to guide them in their country. It came into action through reaching citizens at their places of work, schools and media. This type of democracy gives each citizen his/her rights other than a group of people.
This is in contrast to the liberal-republican type which recognizes group and gives them their rights e.g. in Canada, Switzerland and Belgium (Smooha 424). In this case communities can have their own individual rights. The multicultural democracy is where the laws recognize different community practices but they do not make them administrative.
This moderately assimilates the citizens. Consociational democracy is whereby people are more equal in distribution of resources and power. Lastly, ethnic democracy is where rights are given on group basis. The least of the groups may hold a protest to oppose a law (Smooha 426).
Conclusion Democracy involves many citizens in deciding who rules and which laws will be used in a country. It is beneficial because it gives freedom and reduces violence amongst the people. Countries may decide to have direct democracy, presidential democracy or parliamentary democracy. They also choose from five types of democracy namely, liberal democracy, liberal-republican democracy, ethnic democracy, consociational democracy or multicultural democracy.
Works Cited Democracy. Different systems of Democracy. Democracy, n.d. Web. http://www.democracy-building.info/systems-democracy.html
Lane, Jan-Erik and Erson, Svante. Democracy. New York, NY: Routledge, 2003. Print.
Smooha, Sammy. Types of democracy and modes of conflict management in ethnically divided societies. Haifa, 2002. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Democracy: Definition, Types, Systems and Benefits specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Vanderbilt University Medical Hospital: Stakeholder Identification and Value Analysis Essay (Critical Writing) essay help free: essay help free
Introduction Vanderbilt is a large hospital that has many locations, many patients and a lot of employees. Stakeholder analysis and value identification is therefore very important in order to assess the impact that the company has on the society at large and the ways in which different stakeholders may affect the company’s strategy (Demars, 2007). The Vanderbilt University Medical center mission statement is.
To bring the full measure of human knowledge, talent and compassion to bear on the healing of sickness and injury and the advancement of health and wellness through preeminent programs in patient care, education, and research. (Vanderbilt, 2010).
Enterprise Level Strategy The enterprise level strategy also referred to as societal level strategy is the comprehensive strategy level that seeks to determine aspects such as the part the corporation plays in the society and the basic principles that the company stands for (Carroll
“Gone Baby Gone” Movie Analytical Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Corruption in the Society
Introduction In the film, Gone Baby Gone, various aspects of the community have been highlighted. Corruption and conspiracy are some of the negative aspects of the community that the film has used as one of its main themes.
Corruption is the act of conducting a transaction or an action in a manner that is not consistent with the normal rules and regulations in order to achieve personal gains. Corruption has been present in the society for many centuries now.
The process of corruption is characterised by individuals gaining their personal benefits at the expense of others. This paper will therefore critically analyze corruption by using the film, Gone Baby Gone as the basis for its arguments. It will analyse the nature of corruption and conspiracy and the involvement of public officials and other members of the public commit the act.
Corruption in the Society In the film, Gone Baby Gone, detectives are working hard to solve the mystery of a lost child, Amanda. From the background check, the parents of the child are not financially stable. In addition, the mother of the child, Helene, is a drug addict. Due to her condition, one can easily conclude that she is not capable of taking good care of her daughter.
On the other hand, her boyfriend, Ray, is involved in a lot of shady deals. He is believed to have stolen some money from a local drug lord, Cheese, a move that may have resulted to Amanda`s kidnapping. Amanda`s aunt is the one who reports the case and hires private detectives to solve the mystery. All through the movie, a number of kidnappings are reported, most of which end up unresolved.
The main reason why these cases go unresolved is due to the high level of corruption that surrounds our societies. This vice has found its way into key organizations such as the justice and defence system. As a result, quite a good number of public officials such as the police, lawyers, judges, politicians and normal residents have become part and parcel of the vice.
This has led to the organization and implementation of shady deals that involves public officials, gangs and normal residents. Due to the complexity of these organised crimes, it is almost impossible to solve these cases by individuals without a lot of influence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In New York for example, over 80, 000 cases of kidnappings are reported annually, most of which go unresolved. Most of these kidnappers ask for ransoms but the hostages are never recovered. In certain cases, only the bodies of the victims are found later on after a long investigation. This raises the following questions:
Why are these cases hard to solve?
What is the main objective of the kidnappers?
Why are the law enforcement officials reluctant to solve the case?
The film, Gone Baby Gone came up with some of these answers. Towards the end, the private investigator managed to put up clues and discovered that the investigators and the chief detective of the case fabricated most of the evidence and leads that they were working on.
In addition, the kidnapping of Amanda was staged since one of the private investigators discovered that she was living with the chief detective of the case who had lost a child several years back.
Amanda`s aunt, who had reported the case was also involved as she wanted to get away with the alleged stolen drug money. All these individuals committed this crime for their personal gains at the expense of Amanda and her mother.
Conclusion Such cases are common in the real world. Due to their complexity, it is difficult to solve them. To ensure that the society is free from such vices, a lot of reforms need to be put in place. This includes strict laws and severe punishment to the individuals who commit such crimes. As a result, our societies will become better places to live in.
Children of Heaven Movie Analysis Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction Children of heaven, is an academy winning box office movie that centers on the lives of Ali and Zahra, who also double as siblings. The two come from a poor family. The movie is centered on an event where Ali loses his sister’s shoe, and he begs her to conceal the loss because their family is already going through enough financial troubles.
This event leads to other incidences where the two try to look for the lost shoes. In this quest, they encounter varying experiences. This paper explains that the movie is a perfect depiction of the real world scenario in Teheran, Iran.
Planning Issues Children of heaven’s planning, is sequential and progressive because the initial incidences that transpire in the earlier sections of the movie act as a background to the events that follow. For instance, Ali’s loss of his sister’s shoe act as a background to the other main stories narrated in the movie.
For example, Ali’s loss of her sister’s shoe, force them to embark on concealing the loss from their parents. When Zahra notices that her friend has similar shoes to hers, she intends to confront her about it but when they set forth to do so (with her brother), they fail because they realize that her friend has a blind father.
However, they are later surprised that the friend throws her shoes away. Comprehensively, we are able to see that it is imperative to understand the initial incidence (loss of Zahra’s shoe) to comprehend the preceding incidences.
The design of the movie is mainly based on a child’s point of view, which is also mainly seen as an “innocent” point of view. Mostly, the use of a child’s point of view is generally accepted, more so, when trying to avoid government censorship of movies. However, the inclusion of a child’s point of view turns out to be more surprising than it should have been. For example, there seems to be a fairer representation of the “sweet” life, even in the wake of hardships.
The movie was also developed in an environment depicting the real Teheran society because, from an articulate representation of a scarcity of food (potatoes) to the true representation of Teheran clothing (woolen wear), Children of heaven depicts the hardships that are experienced in Iran. The movie’s setting also represents the hardships that the people from Turkish origin experience in the South.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is represented by the hardships that Ali’s father goes through in trying to make a living for his family. Moreover, this struggle is shown in their abject poverty. To further represent the real-life situation in Teheran, there is a sharp contrast drawn of the poverty in the Southern part of the city and the riches in the Northern part of the city.
The movie is also a representation of Iranian customs and practices which can be seen from the way Ali’s family prepares sugar cubes to be served at the mosque, and the way the family exhibits a lot of concern and care for their neighbors. These practices emanate from the Iranian customary teachings.
Conclusion This paper represents Children of heaven as a grim representation of its authentic context of origin (Iran). The story’s plan is progressive and its design is hinged on the representation of Iranian customs, traditions and economic reality (from a child’s point of view).
These attributes are further supported by the religious and cultural undertones depicting the Islamic traditions of Iran and the economic reality facing most Turkish inhabitants of Teheran. Comprehensively, the movie is a perfect depiction of the real world scenario in Teheran, Iran.
Time Management: Theories and Application Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Executive Summary There are a number of theories which have been developed in relation to time management. This paper provides an analysis of these theories and demonstrates how they can be applied to increase my studying efficiency. The first theory used is the Bucket of Rocks Theory which offers insight into the order in which a person should work on his activities.
The second theory discussed is Lakein’s ABC system which involves categorizing tasks in order of priority. The third theory discussed is the Inventory System which involves reviewing actions in retrospective and learning from them.
Another theory used is the Time Management Grid which identifies tasks to be done and categorizes them in different quadrants based on their importance.
Goal setting theory which involves coming up with challenging and achievable goals is also suggested as one of the means through which time can be managed. Another time management principle is the Time Management Windows Principles which borrows from Johari’s window.
This principle considers that time can be wasted in a group setting if effective communication is hindered. Pareto’s 80/20 rule which identifies that only 20% of our activities produce 80% of the results we desire is also utilized. Finally, the paper discusses Assertiveness which can assist an individual to avoid wasting time.
These theories were tested and the results reported in my bid to maximize on my study time. From the usage of these theories, I discovered the best way to manage my time and gain optimum results.
The Need for Time Management
Theories on Time Management
The Bucket of Rocks Theory
The Inventory System
Time Management Grid
Goal Setting Theory
Time Management Windows Principles
Pareto’s 80/20 Rule
Action Plan: Outcomes and Measures of Achievements
Introduction Time is an important asset to an organization and its efficient usage is a key role of the manager. Time is a non renewable resource and once it is gone, one cannot recover it.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With this in mind, it makes sense to make the best of the available time by prioritizing and doing the more important activities first. To effectively manage time, the manager needs to have good time management skills. Time management is defined by DeJanasz et al. (2006, p84) as “the ability to allocate our time and resources to accomplishing our objectives”.
Time management is undertaken to try and come up with the most efficient manner in which to utilize the time that we have available. It is therefore a practice that is aimed at increasing productivity and efficiency. This paper will provide an analysis of a number of theories that can be used to help a person to better manage their time.
The Need for Time Management Time is a finite commodity and its proper use may lead to increased productivity by a person. Mancini (2003) declares that a person’s ability to manage their time is one of the key causes of success or failure in a person’s life. It is therefore of great importance to properly manage time in order to ensure higher chances of success in life.
Before one can set out to maximize on their time usage, it is necessary for the person to document how time is spent currently. Mancini (2003) suggests that a person should first recognize the kinds of choices that they are making with regard to time usage at the moment. An activity log is one of the tools which can assist in discovering how time is spent.
One may assume that they are using their time in the most efficient manner and it is only after performing a self-analysis that the person realizes that they are guilty of mismanaging time or even wasting it.
With this realization, an individual may wish to undertake steps to better manage their time. There are a number of theories which if properly utilized can assist people to manage their time more efficiently. Some of these theories are articulated below.
Theories on Time Management The Bucket of Rocks Theory
To properly manage time, one needs to know the level of importance that each activity holds. The Bucket of Rocks theory (also referred to as the Pickle Jar Theory) offers insight into the order in which a person should work on his activities (Mancini 2003).
We will write a custom Report on Time Management: Theories and Application specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The theory proposes that you put big rocks in a bucket (this will represent the important thing) and then you fill it up with pebbles followed by sand and then water. The smaller substances represent increasingly unimportant tasks (Forsyth 2010).
According to this theory, we are supposed to do the important things (big stones) first and then move on to the less important things (pebbles and sand) and finally if we have the tie, we can do the unimportant things (water). If we begin working on the unimportant things or the less important things first, we will not have the space to do the important things in our lives.
Every person is on average faced with many activities which require attention. In many instances, the time available may not be sufficient for all the activities that need to be done.
In order to use time more effectively, a person needs to prioritize on the tasks that need to be undertaken. The ABC system developed by Alan Lakein can provide an efficient means for prioritizing. Mancini (2003) demonstrates that using the ABC approach can facilitate an individual’s prioritizing.
The letter assigned to a given task denotes its priority level with A being the tasks with highest urgency, B the tasks that have low urgency but are of importance and C being tasks that are not urgent and whose completion can be postponed. Mancini (2003) states that the tasks can be broken down further as A1, A2, A3 etc with A1 being the most urgent and important task.
From the ABC list, one can ask themselves questions such as “I’m I putting of an A priority because it is unpleasant?” From the ABC list, one can ask themselves questions such as “I’m I putting of an A priority because it is unpleasant? Will I manage to achieve the C priority tasks before they become A’s?” Such questions will result in insights being gained into how to accomplish the most important and critical tasks first.
The Inventory System
As we undertake activities, we learn from them and are in a position to do them better subsequently. The inventory system is a results-oriented approach that is based on the premise that one learns the most by reviewing how they handled the day and applying these lessons to the next day’s behavior (Forsyth 2010).
This theory argues that a retrospective analysis of activities done represents a more behavior changing approach to dealing with situations in life. Mancini (2003, p.162) declares that “behavior modification is a significant time management strategy”. As such, while the inventory system is not in itself a time-saving measure, it results in the establishment of time-saving behavioral changes in a person.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Time Management: Theories and Application by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Time Management Grid
This theory involves placing the activities that need our attention on a grid. The grid then reveals how each activity is being categorized based on how soon it needs to be done (Harris 2008). The grid consists of 4 quadrants and each quadrant has a different priority level.
The first grid which is quadrant one has tasks that have the highest importance and bear urgency and therefore should be done immediately. The second grid has important activities that are not as urgency. Harris (2008, p.22) refers to the activities in this quadrant as “quality time” which means that while the activities are of importance to the success of a company, they do not require to be done immediately.
The third grid consists of activities that bear urgency but are of no importance. This grid is therefore also known as the distraction grid since the activities contained therein do not bear much importance to helping one achieve goals. The forth grid contains activities that are neither urgent nor important.
Goal Setting Theory
Goals assist us to properly focus and work towards achieving the things that are important to us. The Goal-setting theory advanced by Locke can be used to effectively manage a person’s time. This theory is based on the premise that a person will be more motivated to perform if they have clear and specific goals and objectives. According to this theory, high performance can only come from clear expectations (Pynes 2008, p.155).
Personal goal setting enables a person to plan and therefore live life in their own way. By setting goals that are both challenging and achievable, a person will have a clear idea of what needs to be done and will be motivated to work towards the set goals. A person will therefore avoid wasting time on activities that do not assist in the fulfillment of the desirable goals.
Time Management Windows Principles
In many work environments, we are required to work with other people to achieve desired goals. While working with people may lead to higher productivity, it can also hinder out ability to manage our own time (Butler
Hiram Rhodes Revels Essay cheap essay help
Hiram Rhodes Revels was born on the 27th of September 1822 in Fayetteville (North Carolina). He was born as a free child, meaning that his parents were not slaves. His father (a clergyman) was of the African descent while his mother was of the White descent; a Scottish to be precise.
His early education was problematic given that during that time, it was illegal to educate Black children and this forced him to attend a school which was taught by a Black woman who was also free. During his early years, he mixed education with work, where he worked as a barber for some time (Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1901).
After completing his education in 1844, Revels joined the Quaker Seminary as well as the Darke Seminary (for Blacks). After some training in the seminary, he was ordained as a pastor of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Indiana in 1845 where he served till 1849 when he was elected as an elder during a conference of the church leaders.
At this point in time, he got married to a free Black lady from Ohio called Phoebe Bass with whom they were later to be blessed with six daughters (Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1901).
Between 1850 and 1853, Revels concentrated on evangelical work taking the gospel to various places including Tennessee, Kansas, Kentucky, Illinois and Indiana.
He also served as a pastor of the AME in Missouri in 1853, where he preached the gospel to fellow Blacks (who were not free) and their masters as well. Despite his cautious approach (not to incite blacks) in his gospel, he earned himself an imprisonment in 1854 where he was accused of extending the privilege of gospel to the Blacks who were slaves. He was released in 1855.
Upon his release from prison, he joined his brother Willis to spread the gospel in Baltimore, where he also became a principal of a school before joining the Knox College in Illinois from 1855 to 1857 courtesy of a scholarship by well-wishers. By this time, he had become very influential and popular especially among the Blacks (Thompson
Classical Liberalism Concepts Essay (Article) essay help: essay help
Classical Liberalism is a set of ideas about the way people should live together, and the role of government, which were articulated from the 17th century through the 19th century.
These concepts have their roots in earlier centuries and still reverberate today. Affecting everything from revolution to evolution, and wage controls to welfare, classical liberalism, and its critique, has helped to shape society in the UK, the Commonwealth countries, and the USA.
Classical liberalism differed from previous views of the world in that it de-emphasized the unquestioned absolute control of human affairs by the Catholic Church, and/or the monarchy with supposed divine right, and/or aristocratic oligarchy.
The nature of humans was described, as E.K. Hunt asserts, as “egoistic, coldly calculating, essentially inert and atomistic” (wikipedia, 2011) quoting E.K. Hunt (Hunt, 2003, p. 44) Instead, thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baron Charles de Montesquieu, Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and David Ricardo all assented to the necessity for the rule of law. This substitution of a legal code or system for the uncontrolled power of the monarch was expected to protect the individual’s rights, which themselves were a novel idea.
These philosophers also believed that the right to own, profit from, and dispose of private property rather than living as serfs, tied to the land without owning it, would contribute to the health and wealth of the nation. Further, these rights, they began to assert, needed to be exercised in a context of economic freedoms, such as freedom to trade, and to compete.
The origins of these ideas can be discerned in developments in Europe starting perhaps as early as the Crusades. These adventures exposed the Europeans to other religions, and other ways of living, as well as ancient Greek and Roman philosophical and scientific texts and knowledge that had survived in Arab libraries and traditions (p. 69) (e.g. De Rerum Natura, by Lucretius, lost, and re-discovered by a 15th century Florentine (National Public Radio, 2011)).
The human-centered, rational focus of the Renaissance can be said to have benefitted from such rediscoveries of lost knowledge (p. 68). Factors such as the Black Death, and trends away from an exclusive dependence on agriculture all contributed to increasing the value of serfs’ labor and thereby increasing their options. This contributed to the detaching of serfs from the land and creating an urban merchant society (Hunt, 2003, p. 22).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Industrial Revolution made a definite break with agriculture, and brought with it many new problems as well as great wealth for some. This led thinkers to reconsider the previously accepted relationship between government and the governed, workers and the products of their work, and many other important issues.
John Locke proposed that humans enter the world as blank slates without evil, which was not necessarily in line with the Catholic Church’s view, and that our impulses tend to be positive towards each other. In his view, as reasonable entities of basic goodness, humans deserve basic rights to live, to do what they wish, and to own property (p. 109). Government, in a social contract with the governed, should be responsible for ensuring that these rights are protected, in Locke’s view.
This notion of the ‘social contract’ was deeply felt in the British colonies and contributed to the American Revolutionary war for independence. Thomas Hobbes, on the other hand, held a rather more negative view of human nature, and this is reflected in a concomitant difference in the role he assigned to government.
He felt that humans’ overwhelming self-interest required powerful supervision to avoid people preying on each other and making each other’s lives “nasty, brutish, and short” (p. 108). Charles de Montesquieu proposed that governments, chosen by their citizens, should have their power constrained by having their functions separated into three elements.
He suggested that they be as follows: the legislative to create laws, the executive to implement them, and the judicial to punish when laws are broken. This model has been used by many modern democratic governments. It was applied very explicitly by the American colonies after their bid for independence (p. 110).
John Stuart Mill was a proponent of the protection of individual rights within a functioning democracy. He believed that where the majority could vote to affect society, the minority could be thereby tyrannized. To avoid this, he suggested that unless behavior (and speech) harmed others, it be allowed, even if it were self-destructive (p. ibid).
This idea is particularly significant today, when modern democracies face the bill for medical costs for people’s self-harm (e.g., smoking-related lung diseases, drinking-related liver damage, and sexually transmitted diseases, all of which arise from personal behavioral choices).
We will write a custom Article on Classical Liberalism Concepts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Adam Smith, following the laissez-faire ideas of the French physiocrats, believed that individuals operating in unconstrained fashion in their own best interests would, without even being aware of it, contribute to the nation’s economic betterment (p. 112).
He opposed the control of trade by the Crown for the purposes of collecting money for the treasury, and limitations on trade with other nations. He believed that such controls and fees on commerce interfered with free trade and blocked the beneficial action of the “invisible hand” in increasing overall wealth (p. 79). David Ricardo helped to clarify the value of labor, and the relationship of labor supply, demand, and wages (p. 103).
These ideas, all of which were passionately argued for several centuries, together lead to a model of economic behavior that is sometimes termed capitalism. Countries led by governments that are chosen with the consent of the governed, encouraging through their inaction the active trade, exchange, and commerce between individuals, entities and nations, were believed to permit the accumulation of wealth and the increase of production.
This model allowed for the rise and spread of industrialization, and the amassing of great fortunes, but also permitted hideous abuses of labor. The discontent on the part of thoughtful people with such deficiencies in the system (exemplified in the powerful satirical commentary by the writer and journalist Charles Dickens) led to the development of Modern Liberalism (p. 103). This movement also has a long-lived legacy.
Modern Liberalism developed as an attempt to respond constructively to the truly horrible side effects of classical liberalism. To the industrialists of the time, there seemed to be no profit advantage to be gained by treating laborers well. Unfortunately, there were no laws requiring any better treatment. Both from laborers in industry themselves, and from thinkers who were observing industry and society, there were powerful reactions.
Ranging from the direct destructive action of the Luddites, to the more peaceful efforts of the Chartists, to the Utopian philosophizing of George Bernard Shaw and the Fabian Society, and moving on to the near-religious convictions of committed Marxists, these were all attempts to redress and prevent perceived wrongs inflicted on workers. They all have had a definite and continuing impact on the way modern democracies operate by contributing to the development of Modern Liberalism.
An early and tangible objection to the treatment of laborers in the time of Classical Liberalism came from the laborers themselves. When machines began replacing skilled artisans with minimally trained machine operators, especially in the textile industry, workers saw a threat to their livelihoods.
They attempted to destroy the machines themselves, in various places, starting with the actions of a laborer named Ludd. The workers who followed this example were called Luddites. So dramatic was this protest actions, that this name was later applied to anybody who objected to all sorts of innovations and discoveries.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Classical Liberalism Concepts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The mill owners successfully called on the government to suppress these protests with force, on the grounds that they were being prevented from doing business freely (pp. 131-132). Coming somewhat later, and seeking a solution to the problems of society attributed to classical liberalism, the Chartists focused on voting and representation.
These activists were named for the People’s Charter (there were three of these, signed by many thousands) that outlined their proposals. They pushed for universal adult male suffrage, equalizing the size of electoral districts, secret ballots, elimination of property qualifications for Parliamentary candidates, a concomitant institution of a salary for MPs, and regular yearly elections.
All these reforms except the annual Parliamentary elections were implemented. These changes would, the Chartists hoped, lead to a more democratic political process, and allow wider participation in governance. Names such as Feargus O’Connor, John Frost, William Lovett, Henry Vincent and Earnest Jones are associated with this comprehensive attempt to create a more equitable society (Chartists.net, 2011) (pp. 132-133).
The Utopian socialists took the notion of creating an ideal society further. Visionaries such the British industrialist Robert Owen, in Great Britain, and the American journalist Horace Greeley, supported improving the conditions under which people worked and lived, by means of education, labor, and health reforms (pp. 134-135).
These ideas were not extreme enough for other socialists, such as Karl Marx. These thinkers and activists believed that society must be changed from the ground up, literally.
They asserted that the whole concept of private ownership of anything that could be used to generate profit (e.g., land, mills, machinery; the means of production) led inevitably to the evil of exploitation of one class by another. They asserted that the government should impose economic equality and ensure a classless society (p. 136).
While the complexities of the internal conflicts between various flavors of socialism and communism are beyond the scope of this essay question, the principles that the communists and socialists debated and even died for, have had a definite effect on government policies and continue to do so today (pp. 136-139). The ideas of Marx and Engels thus contributed substantially to the formation of Modern Liberalism.
It was especially during the Great Depression that the deficiencies of laissez-faire capitalism, and even of the mitigating efforts of welfare capitalism, became apparent (p. 142). With people literally starving, many thoughtful people acknowledged the need to implement some sort of safety net. This was yet another step in the development of Modern Liberalism (p. 145). During the Depression, many reforms were implemented that redistributed resources to stimulate the economy, and protect families from tragedy.
Thinkers such as economist John Maynard Keynes asserted that the government needed to smooth out the fluctuations in the economy that were inevitable in a capitalist system where demand and supply rise and fall all the time (pp. 146-149). This fiscal approach has been implemented to some degree in the USA, and in fact, these ideas are the subject of intense public debate right now in the current economic crisis.
In day-to-day life, the best practical ideas arising from the principles of Modern Liberalism, such as Medicare, have been more or less successfully, implemented to ensure that people do not fall into the cracks through no fault of their own.
Such efforts to prevent illness or job loss from causing unnecessary death are the essence of Modern Liberalism as it is seen today, at its best. Society is viewed under Modern Liberalism as needing to be cajoled, nudged, bullied, disciplined, and supported in its efforts to avoid trampling or leaving behind its weaker members, and the government is allotted these tasks.
Bibliography Chartists.net. (2011). Chartism Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved from ChartismAncestors: http://www.chartistancestors.co.uk/#2
Hunt, E. (2003). PROPERTY AND PROPHETS: THE EVOLUTION OF ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS AND IDEOLOGY. Armonk, NY, USA: M.E.Sharpe.
National Public Radio. (2011, September). The Swerve: How the World Became Modern. Retrieved from NPR Books. Perspectives on Ideology.
wikipedia. (2011, September 22). CLASSICAL LIBERALISM. Retrieved from WIKIPEDIA.org: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_liberalism#History
Disaster of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 Essay a level english language essay help
It has been a little over five years since Hurricane Katrina hit the coast of United States of America, in Louisiana. This catastrophic disaster caused unthinkable havoc not only on the land, but also took a toll on the economy as well. The oil industry, fishing industry and the tourism industry were hit the hardest.
All that was left to salvage after Hurricane Katrina’s havoc, were the images of the once thriving neighborhoods, abandoned homes, and empty lots.
These were also joined by the empty fishing boats that had once been busy in the sea, with fishermen who were earning a living comfortably, but not anymore. One could also see empty oil rigs from a distance. Dead bodies were all over and the horrific sight culminating from the actions of Mother Nature were unfathomable. Evacuations were in order and the American people did try to do what they could, but it did not seem enough.
The state’s entire economy was almost wiped out, but nothing could have been done to stop the Hurricane from striking Louisiana. This disaster took a heavy toll on the affected victims and it pushed some of them to committing suicide, while others suffered psychological trauma.
Others turned to substance abuse, in a bid to erase the horrible memories of losing loved ones. Essentially, the loss to accessible health care was a major contributor to deaths, due to untreated chronic diseases (Palser, 2007).Inherently, the young generation of Louisiana was somehow vulnerable to long term psychological effects of loss, mental instability and fear.
This hurricane was categorized as a category four hurricane. The estimated damage cost that was left behind after the massive destruction was valued at over one hundred billion dollars.
The measures that had been put in place to avoid this kind of a disaster were not sufficient enough. This is because they had put up levees that had been designed to hold off category three hurricanes. These were overwhelmed and gave way, which led to immense flooding of the city and the displacement of over one hundred and fifty thousand American citizens.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Amidst all the stories that were told by the victims of Hurricane Katrina, a lot of issues were uncovered. The then president George W. Bush faced a lot of criticism for his government’s slow response to the crisis. The President did not set foot in New Orleans and other areas that had been affected for a number of days.
The government was also blamed for poor disaster management. The Federal government was accused of ignoring warnings that were issued months prior to the approach of the disaster. This was evidenced by the reduction of the funding for disaster management by thirty nine percent and rechanneling it these to other uses (Reed
Compare GUDEA with Amenemhat II Compare and Contrast Essay college admissions essay help
Guedea like Amenemhat II the 10′ Pharaoh was carved in honor of a leader and king who ruled in the early 2144-2124 BC. By the inscriptions that were found on it, the sculpture forms part of a collection of the pieces in the temples built by the Guedea in Ur Nippur, Asdab Uruk and Bad-Tibira.
They were both carved as symbols of influence and prominence in the Sumer society. Both pieces of art were carefully crafted to reflect the feelings and impressions of the personalities they represented along with the nature and feel of their periods of reign.
Amenemhat II the 10′ Pharaoh compares to the Guedea by its rather lavish but carefully crafted sense of pride that falls in line with the pomp and style that came with the reign of the Pharaohs. It stands 10 foot tall almost the size of a monument with characteristically broad shoulders and a narrow waist that portrays a rather athletic and muscular personality.
Clearly, the reign of the pharaoh between 1919 and 1885 was full of energy and an active mood. The facial completion and the buildup of the facial features tend to make it look like the Ramesses II who rued between 1279 and 1213. The general composure of the piece cultivates a proud and authoritative picture and mood.
The Guedea on the other hand is a smaller and more condensed version of kingship. This reflects the early form of art due to its lack of refined and more clearly defined trimmings due to the tools and equipments that were used at the time. The piece of art is rather small and simplistic as to represent the amount of influence and importance that the personality gave to art.
Both motivated by a similar objective, the artworks were created by the people who obviously worshipped them. The sculptures, therefore, have a common theme that only differs in expression and lay out. The Pharaoh was created to thrill, which is reinforced by the wide open eyes and the outburst impression.
The Guedea on the other hand stands to honor the king and recognize the throne as well as represent a rather humble and more reserved king who needed little attention and was more focused on development. The piece was found among the pieces of trade and, therefore, follows the commercial rather than artistic importance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another important element that characterizes both sculptures and shows distinctly the difference between them is the position the characters are depicted in. The gestures of the characters seem to be one of the links that bring these artworks together. Both sitting in the same position, the Pharaoh and Guedea put their hands in their laps, as if humbly waiting for something or someone to come.
One of the most significant details in the sculptures of the ancient idols, the proportions of the artifacts in question are strikingly different. Speaking of the Pharaoh, one must mention the tremendous size the sculpture has.
Taking a single glance at the sculpture is enough to understand that the creator of the artwork was aiming at emphasizing the magnificence and the power of the beholder of the throne. Hence, the proportions of the sculpture are not distorted, but considerably exaggerated if compared to the size of a real person.
In contrast to the sculpture of the Pharaoh, the Guedea sculpture is tiny and almost insignificant. It is obvious that the creator of the sculpture was not intending to express the grandeur of his creation with help of its size. On the contrary, the sculpture of Guedea seems to command esteem with the air of composure and restraint about the figure.
The Egyptians considered these two characters as deities and could therefore not put a commercial price tag on their sculptures and symbols.
They, however, had an extremely high value in the religious realm and were therefore considered holy. The Sumerians, on the other hand, valued the symbols and sculptures of their rulers and their gods in the commercial and religious realm. This, therefore, explains the reason as to why the Guedea was found among other items of trade.
Bibliography Edzard, Dietz Otto. Gudea and His Dynasty. Buffalo, UK: Toronto: University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 1997.
We will write a custom Essay on Compare GUDEA with Amenemhat II specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Frayne, Douglas . Sargonic and Gutian Periods. Buffalo, UK: University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 1993.
Johnson, Ken. “A Pharaoh Lords Over a Museum.” New York Times. August 2011. www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/arts/design/amenemhat-ii-at-metropolitan-museum-review.html?_r=1
Rice, Michael. Egypt’s Making: The Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 BC. New York, NY: Taylor
Wladyslaw Starewicz vs. Walt Disney Compare and Contrast Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Work and achievements
Introduction The silent era was a period linking 1980 and 1930. It was characterized by implausible improvement in sound technology. This revolutionized the fast growing cinema industry. The art of animation was noticeable during this period since it moved from canvas picture presentations to live acts.
Human beings wore adorned costumes bearing insects and animal resemblance. Several actors and directors are credited with this evolution. These include Wladyslaw Starewicz and Walt Disney. This paper compares and contrasts the lives and works of these individuals since they are the animation kings of the twentieth century.
Early life “Wladyslaw Starewicz was born in Poland in the late 1800s” (Wladislaw [sic] Starewicz: Animation Pioneer par 1).Several variations of the accounts of his early living exist. He studied at the institution of “Fine Arts in St Petersburg in Russia” in the early 1900s (Wladislaw [sic] Starewicz: Animation Pioneer par 1). After his studies, he commenced his work as an animator.
Starewicz claims to have started his animation work while operating as an administrator at a museum. According to Walt Disney “Walt Disney was born on 5 December 1901 in Chicago Illinois, USA”.
As a small boy, the family moved to Missouri, which is reputed to have the muse and replica for the focal street of Disneyland. There is where he started going to school and first expressed the feel and aptitude for artistry through painting with crayons and watercolors.
Despite of his unclear backgrounds, by 1910 Starewicz started to make motion pictures that the world had not witnessed. He utilized his knowledge and in-depth interest in insects to make movies that starred the denizens of the natural world in Aesopian style moral fables (Wladislaw [sic] Starewicz: Animation Pioneer).
However, Walt was still a boy aiding his father with his newspaper business while studying cartooning with a correspondence institute before later taking up classes at the “Kansas City Art Institute” (Walt Disney). In 1919, he combined with a fellow artist with whom they made the first animated commercial clip (Walt Disney).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Work and achievements The earlier work done by these two artists had different levels of triumph. From their 1922 studio, Disney and his friend Iwerks made a succession of vivacious caricature sketches called “laugh-O-grams” and a first film, “Alice in Cartoon land,” which were not successful (Lehman 24).
The failure of these two releases made him file for bankruptcy and greatly cast a shadow on his memorable vocation as a film director. Starewicz had a very impressive start to his career.
He had several short releases but first among them is the appealing and technically imposing hilarious film The Cameraman’s Revenge. This film, released long before WWI, is considered a masterpiece of the pioneer stop, film industry (Wladislaw Starewicz: Animation Pioneer).
“The Cameraman’s Revenge”, which focuses on the animated Mr. and Mrs. Beetles idolatry and their final reunion for life in a penitentiary, is not only hilarious but also educative (Lehman 12). This is an example of Starewicz fearless urge to both entertain and educate the public about the ills afflicting the society.
Concurrently, most of Disney’s releases such as the Skeleton Dance were purely entertaining. In particular, this film proved costly due to the need for more complex drawings and technical jobs required.
Disney was a dreamer who expressed his dreams and imaginations through art. However, it is worth noticing that most of his gains went to the next project, which in turn financed the next one.
Disney work was to achieve his imagination, implement it in practice, and achieve a given level of profit. Contrary to this, Starewicz, who led a noble life, did not find pleasure in big profits. He derived pleasure from the satisfaction of his viewers and the society.
We will write a custom Essay on Wladyslaw Starewicz vs. Walt Disney specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Lehman (14), in the mid and late 1920, animators drew most of their themes and stories from traditional African American than any other race in the US.
In addition to this, studios also used the blackface design for transmutation gags for animal stars and well-liked complementary songs that drew laughter at the expense of the African Americans. This technique also included the use of many unrefined and rudimentary jokes carrying ethnic and anti-semiotic undertones. Mickey mouse, the black face musical actor of Disney’s was no exemption.
This is a show of a greater disregard and lack of approval of some races. This is not present in any of the works done by Starewicz. He also enjoyed success before the invention of sound in motion picture, and his use of natural lighting and real-world scale to represent the scenes were perfect such that the story played along harmoniously.
The inclusion of sound in the animated films was a welcoming joy to many in the 1928s. It provided an avenue for commercial ventures at the expense of the audience. According to Lehman, (16), many distributors insisted that films characterize tunes owned by them.
A good example is the “Old Folks at Home performed in Mickey’s Follies in 1929 and Dan Emmet’s “Dixie”, in Mickey’s Choo-Choo of 1929” (Lehman16). While this provided a good accompaniment to film, it shifted the noble animation industry to more of a commercial venture aiming at huge profits through promotion of music. This was a different path from the one envisioned by many like Starewicz.
Lehman, 16) emphasized the fact that despite the retrogressive impact of the use of blackface and traditional African tunes was to the African American, it played a very important role in commemorating the release of the African Americans from bondage.
It also helped cement the position of the Africans as solid constituents of the American society. After WWI, while working in France, he continued to work on stop-motion puppetry films, mainly children stories featuring animals involved in brave moralistic endeavors through out the silent era.
The silent era sow a period in which the economic depression affected the whole world, stretching from Americans the European countries. The only places that still afforded families some comfort was the cinemas.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Wladyslaw Starewicz vs. Walt Disney by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In Europe, Starewicz work such as “The Tale of the Fox” was instrumental by offering words of encouragement to their audience. These two icons of stop motion are arguably the giants on which successive directors of animation movies today stand.
Conclusion According to Lehman (14), many cinema audiences are weary that few genres can still inculcate blameless conjecture that welcomed the nickelodeons. The stop film is still an exception owing to the great work by two pioneers. It is needless to state that Disney stood on the shoulders of Starewicz. This is evident in his blameless work, long before works by Disney were presented to the animation film audience.
Works Cited Lehman, Christopher. The colored cartoon. Massachusetts, MA: Massachusetts Press, 2007.Print
Wladislaw Starewicz: Animation Pioneer. Box office prophets .2002. Web.
Walt Disney. Biography . 2011. Web.
Consequences of Committing Crime Analytical Essay custom essay help
Individual behavior forms one of the most contributive factors towards a person’s propensity to commit or not to commit a crime. Various factors contribute towards behavioral development and change in an individual; the current economy, the competence portrayed by the police, the parentage and nurturing an individual receives from family, accessibility, and use of illegal drugs and finally the quality and level of discipline exercised by school institutions on the students.
These factors affect the behavior of an individual and might lead them to criminal activities depending on the effect of the overall combination of the elements mentioned above(Tischler 145). There are environments which support crime, and the overall effect is that crimes would be committed in environments which provide a pleasant atmosphere for a crime.
Every crime committed has consequences that can either be positive or negative depending on the reasons for committing the offense. This essay intends to analyze the implications of committing a crime. The penalty for committing crimes can lead to rewards or can also be a source of punishment.
Individuals will choose to do an act or not depending on the overall consequences as a result of the crime. When an idea of committing a particular crime occurs to an individual, they are faced with the choice of either committing or not committing it. Once an individual evaluates the decisions, they will only commit a crime if the benefits of committing it to supersede the losses since both options have consequences that are either negative or positive.
Both positive and negative consequences crop up from committing a crime. This can be categorized into rewards and/or punishments. The rewards of crime are only beneficial to the perpetrators.
Victims of acts of crime suffer significant losses either physically or psychologically as well as from a material perspective. One of the positive rewards of committing a crime is the material gain that one acquires from the offense. Crimes range in form from smuggling, corruption, arson, theft, robbery among others.
Most of these are associated with looting, and an individual can acquire a lot of “free” money or access to valuable products such as money or jewelry from such crimes(Tischler 146). The economic state of a country or an individual’s standard of living might force them to commit an illegal act so that they can gain possession of material benefits that they may lack or may desire to have.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apart from the material benefits, there are also intangible benefits that could be accrued from a misdemeanor. This may range from the feelings of emotional gratification that some people get; others feel elated after committing a crime (Gaines and Miller 316). Another intangible reward is that an individual may gain the approval of fellow peers in a situation where an individual has been facing pressure from their peer to commit a crime.
Some of the common offenses that youths involved in out of peer pressure are writing graffiti’s on walls and the use of illegal drugs such as bhang and cocaine. Sometimes, some teens do not wish to engage themselves in illicit activities such as drugs, robbery or arson. Their peer groups might be doing it, and for the youth to fit in, he/she has to take part in the crimes.
Others commit these offenses to settle an old score that existed between the offender and the victim.
Many incidences of crime arise from grudges that people hold against each other; consequently, individuals lay in wait for an opportunity to “settle” the score which sometimes leads to serious crimes such as murder(Robert et al. 342).
On the other hand, some negatives or punishments result from committing a crime since crimes are usually occurrence that is not accepted by most communities. After committing an offense especially for a beginner, there are pangs of guilt and conscience that seem to overwhelm the offenders of the crime.
Since society does not support crimes, the disapproval and condemnation that a crime offender receives once the onlookers are aware of the crime may affect him/her. I was once a victim of such speculation when at one point, I shoplifted while twelve years old.
Everyone’s parent thought I was terrible influence although their children also shoplifted several times but never got caught. However, it was unfortunate for me that I was found red handed and I can always remember the depression I went through because it seemed like everywhere I went people were pointing fingers at me. There are feelings of shame which are likely to develop because of the criminal act.
We will write a custom Essay on Consequences of Committing Crime specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Once an individual is a suspect of a criminal act, they are arrested and tested in the court of law which would determine whether the accused is guilty or not(Robert et al. 342). This has psychological torment or mental stress for the accused since society tends to keep off from criminals. Such people tend to develop negative attitudes toward life.
As a result, their whole perspective about life can change causing them to develop feelings of resentment towards other human beings which tends to make their criminal inclination worse as is the case with most criminals. In other cases, the victim may retaliate since not all perpetrators of crimes harm the victims they had intended to harm. For some reason, the victim may be more powerful than the criminal.
Crime is an act that exists in every society, and people’s different behavioral characteristics determine the degree of crime. There are various factors which are known to impact peoples behavior and as a result tend to incline them towards criminal activities; the economy, nurturing and police system to mention a few.
To reduce the crime rates in most cities and developing areas, people must be aware of these factors and embrace solutions to causes of adverse behavioral change in growing teenagers and young children.
Works Cited Gaines, Larry and Miller Roger. Criminal Justice in Action: The Core. Australia: Wardsworth, Cengage Learning, 2010. Web.
Robert, Lilly, Ball A. Richard and Cullen T. Francis. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences. California: Sage Publications, 2011. Web.
Tischler, Henry. Introduction to Sociology. Australia: Wards worth, Cengage Learning, 2010. Web.
Chinese Luxury Brand Essay essay help free: essay help free
Over the years, the world’s appetite for luxury goods has grown at an encouraging rate. This has worked in favor of the various luxury brands that have grabbed the moment by increasing their production. Economic scientists suggest that luxury goods are income elastic and their demand therefore heavily relies on the change in income.
In any market, particular merchandise conquers a luxury class performance, quality and durability matched with other substitute products. Others are perceived as luxurious due to their role as status symbols in the social economic arena. They may not necessarily be of high quality performance style and appearance but they are highly priced as compared to their substitutes.
The global market has more than enough room for luxury products. It has accommodated these brands by maintaining a constant demand for the products that constitute its segment. There are several global luxury brands in the global market such as Louis Vuitton and Mercedes Benz.
These brands began with a sole local market and built their way into the global arena. The market has developed mechanisms that set a product into the global path. One such mechanism is endorsement. Members of a category of a product have specific organizations which are entrusted with the responsibility of evaluating the superiority or otherwise of a brand.
Once such a brand is endorsed it joins the competition. After endorsement the burden shifts to the proponents of the brand in as far as marketing and creating a consumer base. The company supporting the brand develops marketing strategies that propel the product in the sea of consumers.
China presents a great opportunity for luxury products. Sales in the Chinese luxury market have been on an upward trend standing at US$2billion by 2004 making China the world’s third largest consumer of luxury goods.
The market according Ernst
Book Review of the Last of the Mohicans Report essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Religion
Interracial love and friendship
Changing idea of family
The novel is set during the 3rd year of the French and the Indian war. There are hostile Indians who live in the forest which makes it a dangerous place to be in (Cooper, 1982, p 3). The Indians use the mountains, rivers, waterfall, rocks and caves to hide from the enemies. There are also ponds and a lake which they cross using canoes in order to move from one area to another. The forest has wild animals such as the wolves and deer. The wolves appear during the night to feed on the deer that have been killed by Indians.
By reading the novel there are various themes that emerge as follows:
Religion David Gamut has expressed his religious affiliation many times. He knows the insights of psalmody which is a popular practice of setting biblical teachings. He worships by singing the Old Testament psalms. When Gamut meets Heyward, Alice and Cora for the first time, he joins them in singing a religious song first sung in New England.
Another instances where religion is displayed is when Gamut in remembrance of his dead colt sings a sad religious song. He is joined by other women and they all sing religious songs to help him in mourning. After defeating the Huron’s, Hawkeye and Montcalm cite religious doctrines. Gamut sings psalmody beside a sick woman at the Huron camp when he had gone to rescue Alice. The Indians believe in healing herbs and evil spirits.
When Gamut wants to escape from the Huron camp after Alice’s capture, he constantly sings to prevent the Indians from attacking him.
Conflict The Fort in the novel is the main source of conflict.
The French and British are fighting over the Fort William Henry and the French have given the British some conditions. The French have promised that they will protect the British from the Indians if they allow them to take over the Fort. Indian tribes want to take Fort William Henry from the British. Whites and Indians are in constant conflict which has led to the warring battles among themselves.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other instances of conflict in the novel are shown when Hawkeye shoots Magua as he runs away from them since he is an enemy. After defeating the Hurons, Hawkeye and Gamut disagree on the type of songs to sing.
Violence Mohicans kill Gamut’s colt when it’s noisy to avoid attracting attention from the enemies. They kill the colt dispose the body in the river. Gamut is wounded by rifles from the attacking Indians and they react by returning fire with Chingachgook. The two groups continue fighting and Heyward is wounded while Hawkeye kills an Indian with his rifle.
The fight is between Hawkeye, Mohicans and the Hurons. The Hurons are finally defeated. Chingachgook takes the initiative to scalp the dead Hurons. He kills a French sentinel and firing occurs between the British and French forces. The Indians emerge victorious as they attack and kill the British. They also drink their blood.
Communication There are different groups of people but they are able to understand each other through interactions among themselves. For instance Heyward translates Magua’s words to Alice and Cora telling them to be silent in the forest because of the Indian enemies hiding in the forest.
Power The novel also has a theme of power. This is shown when Hawkeye and Chingachgook are hunters who carry rifles as weapons. Their power is portrayed when they attack and defeat their enemies. Tamenund is more than 100 years old and his power is portrayed when the Hurons obey him when he calls for an assembly to convey his judgment. He is able to influence and control them. His words carry a lot of weight. He is revered by the people.
Interracial love and friendship The novel shows a lot of interracial love and friendship. French General Montcalm has allied with Indian tribes. Magua is an Indian scout who is loyal to the British General Webb. Uncas is attracted to Cora despite their different races. Hawkeye is a white man whose best friend Chingachgook is Mohican. As the Whites and Indians interact, some become friends while others become lovers. They have to tolerate and accept each other’s culture and way of life.
Changing idea of family As the story progresses, the people start viewing family and relationships differently. They shed off the constraints on the status quo. Uncas is attracted to Cora despite their racial differences. Hawkeye, Chingachgook, Uncas, Heyward, Gamut, Cora and Alice belong to different races yet they protect each other as if they are one family.
We will write a custom Report on Book Review of the Last of the Mohicans specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Heroism There are people in the novel who are great heroes and have accomplished a lot. Hawkeye and his group killed an Indian, defeated the Hurons and released the prisoners. There is a memorial site where Chingachgook and Hawkeye won a battle a long time ago which keeps the Indians away. Heyward returns Alice and Cora to the Fort in peace as they were able to capture them from their enemies.
References Cooper, J. (1982). The Last of the Mohicans. New York :Bantam Classics.
Dynasties in China Essay online essay help
Manchu conquest of Ming Dynasty China The Manchus refer to a group of influential people originating from the Northern parts of China Known as Manchuria, and they were thought to be barbaric. This group of people had managed to conquer China and established a dynasty known as the Qing dynasty. It seemed strange that such a small population would conquer a large population like the Hans Chinese and as a result this humiliated the Hans Chinese. The Chinese kingdom was surmounted by one hundred and twenty thousand Manchus.
Their strong point was the fact that they had a military that was brilliant, disciplined, united as well as a well prepared military. The Manchus took advantage of the fact that the Ming dynasty was collapsing due to the rebellion taking place in the year 1644. They then resorted to collaborating with a Ming loyalist and gained entrance into Beijing in June and completed their conquest in 1673 (SACU 1).
The dynasty formed was known as the Qing dynasty and though it was coupled by a myriad of problems initially, it lasted for two and a half centuries. They however got support from the Chinese scholars officials as they approved the Confucian system of government. Their rulership was such that for every two officials, one was Chinese while the other one was Manchu.
Under the leadership of Qing Kangxi and his grandson Qianlong’s, China was successful economically and also experienced an increase in its population. Nevertheless, the economy declined in later years leading to a series of rebellions and consequently leading to the end of the Qing dynasty in the early twentieth century (SACU 1).
Tributary system in China The Tributary System refers to the conventional way that the Chinese managed their foreign relations. In this case they established rules and controlled the manner in which alien countries entered into foreign relations with China. The countries engaging with China in the tributary system were expected to be compliant in issues regarding politics, defence, economy and diplomacy with regards to China.
In order for alien countries to be given access of trading in China their rulers had to pay homage to the Chinese Emperor. Once the rulers of these foreign countries paid homage to the Emperor they were given gifts which included local, uncommon and valuable goods. The alien leaders would then gain a status and given a seal and products worth more than they had brought to China. Consequently, the alien leader could trade in China so long as this association was maintained (Fairbank
Establishment of the rye grass Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
One of the most remarkable features in most of the American homes is the lawn grass. A lot of efforts go into making and sustaining the lawn all year round. But most importantly knowing which grass grows fastest and in which region is vital for having a good lawn.
Thus it is important to know how each of the various types of grasses grows and the period of time it takes for them to germinate. Research has established that the rye grass is the fastest growing type of grass amongst those found in America. This type of grass is highly recommended for cool season periods.
This type of grass is popular because of its rich deep green color, which makes it very attractive especially on the lawn. The rye grass seed has the potential to germinate in less than three weeks of planting. It also grows at the same fast speed which means that it can make a mature lawn within the shortest period.
This also means that there is minimal waste of seed through surface wash away or rotting making it one of the most successful grasses to grow. There are two types of rye grasses: the annual rye grass which is rather slower in the rate of germination and growth, and the perennial rye grass which germinate faster than the annual rye grass
Rye grass seeds become well established in cool and moist conditions. The contact of the soils has to be increased for maximum effect. There are other factors that affect the establishment t of rye grass seeds.
They include Cultmulching as well as keeping the soils moisture sufficient. If the rye grass establishment has to reach maximum expectation. The level of competition for space and nutrients between the seeds as well as from other varieties of grasses has to be kept very low. Per acreage about 20 to 30 pounds of rye grass seeds has to be maintained.
To avoid over soaking and rotting of rye grass seeds have to be germinated in well drained loamy soils preferably in low lying plains. The best method of planting ryegrass is the broadcasting method. Broadcasting can be done using either hands or by machine. However machine broadcast is the most efficient.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rye grass is well established in fields or lawns that have been cultivated well before planting. Mechanical seeding does produce the best results. The bests seeding depths ranges from 1/4 to 3/4 inches deep, which mean that rye grass seed thrive on shallow seeding.
Because rye grass seed establishment is moisture sensitive, broadcasting method is used for soils with sufficient amount of moisture. For soils with limited moisture content, row seeding is used where wider rows are used. Where row method is used the results are less sufficient than when broadcasting is used (Ehlke and Undersander para 12).
While ryegrass is used in lawns well because of its deep rich green color, it can also be used as fodder. This is because of a number of factors. Studies in the recent past suggest that rye grass is one of the highest yielding types of grass when all conditions for establishment are observed. Per acreage, it has been found out that about rye grass yields about 1,430 pounds.
This means that if the grass is grown for lawn then the desired lawn thickness is achieved and if grown for fodder the desired volume is realized. To increase the quality if the ryegrass fodder, planters are encouraged to use nitrogenous fertilizers during broadcasting. Actually there is about a 50% difference in the volume of fodder realized from fields where nitrogenous fertilizers have been used and those where not.
It has also been found that the use of nitrogenous fertilizer increase the protein level in ryegrass fodder. When ryegrass is established with other types of grasses as fodder it generally increases its value as well as the quality (College of Agricultural and Life Sciences paras 5 – 8).
Furthermore, rye grass can be used to build the soils, reduce surface run off thus keeping erosion to a minimum, improving the organic content of the soil as well as keeping the level of nitrogen optimum (Rye Grass Cover Crop para 3).
Rye grass suffers for winterkill and as such it may need protection from such adverse effect as such needs protection by other crops. Even though mixing rye grass with other companion crops increases the completion during summer and spring, during winter, these crops acts as cover to protect rye grass (Ehlke and Undersander para 9).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Establishment of the rye grass specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Weeding is better done before seeding. The most effective method of weeding is chemical. However, due to the sensitivity of the chemical method often used, it always useful to get information on chemical weeding from any county agricultural office. Mechanical methods can be used, but are laborious and less effective.
The history of rye grass cultivation dates back to the 1930s. During this time a lot of vegetation was destroyed and as environmentalist suggested grass cultivation done as one of the methods of conservation. Thus extensive research yielded result that rye grass was one of the fastest growing grasses.
Early researchers who made significant contribution in rye grass research include The John Innes researchers, who made significant studies in the crop breeding including (Murphy 79).
In the 1950s a researcher by the name Schultz found out that when rye grass was cultivated with other types of grasses, it germinated and generated faster than the rest. Furthermore Schultz found out that the rye grass did well in altitudes of about 2500 above sea level. Such and other historical research work has led to the current knowledge on the cultivation of the rye (Barro and Conrad 4).
Works Cited Barro, Susan and Conrad, Susan. “Use of Ryegrass Seeding as an Emergency Revegetation Measure in Chaparral Ecosystems” 2011. Web.
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences . “Annual Ryegrass Trial Shows Limits, Promise (Research Brief #47).” 2011. Web.
Ehlke, Newton and Undersander, Dwight. “Cool-Season Grass Seed Production.” 2011. Web.
Murphy, Denis. Plant Breeding and Biotechnology: Societal Context and The Future Of Agriculture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2007. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Establishment of the rye grass by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Rye Grass Cover Crop. “Annual Ryegrass and Cereal Rye.” 2011. Web.
Social Facilitation Experiment with Examples from the Study essay help site:edu
Abstract Since social facilitation and drive theory postulate that audience enhances performances of easy tasks and complicates the performance complex task, the experiment examines conditions under which the performance is optimum.
To determine conditions for optimum performance, 10 university students participated in three experiments under three different experimental conditions, namely, no audience condition, audience condition and audience condition with competition.
The results reveal that optimum performance occurs in audience condition, followed by no audience condition and least performance in audience condition with competition. The results were not consistent with social facilitation and drive theory and thus further studies need to include more participants and consider confounding variables.
Introduction Psychologists and sociologists have established that social facilitation enhances performance of easy tasks and complicates performance of hard tasks. According to the drive theory, social facilitation is critical in determining the performance of tasks. The theory postulates that audience has both negative and positive influence on a person performing a given task, meaning that performance of tasks depends on the nature of the task and the effects of audience on the performer.
Sanna explains social facilitation from drive’s perspective saying that, “…the presence of others, as an audience or as co-actors, arouses a performer’s generalized drive, which increases the emission of dominant responses …when the dominant responses are correct, as on simple or well-learned tasks, performance would be improved in the presence of other” (1992, p.774). Therefore, audience and competitors increase the performance of simple and easy tasks while they decrease the performance of the hard and complex tasks.
Social facilitation theory originated from the work of Norman Triplett in 1890s when he observed children racing their bicycles and noted that fast racing occurred when there is competition. From this observation, Triplett realized that social facilitation is responsible for the fast racing of bicycles and went further to explore the phenomena by conducting more experiments.
In his experiment of children turning fishing reel, Triplett confirmed that competition and social facilitation are two factors that enhance performances of the children when doing simple tasks such as cycling and turning fish reel. “Triplett suggested that the sight or sound of another’s movement might strengthen the idea of movement and thereby increase energy and motivate greater effort.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More His notion of increased energy may have developed into what was later conceptualized as arousal” (Aiello
Democracy and Its Types Research Paper essay help
Democracy is type of political administration in which the governing individuals of a country are voted in by the people (Dahl, 2003). The people have basically equal say when it comes to making the laws that govern their country.
In addition, democracy goes to the extent of allowing the society to overrule verdicts that have been passed by the legislative body. These verdicts may revolve around economy, social and cultural factors (Dahl, 2003).
For a nation to be termed as democratic, it should have fundamental civil liberties for all kinds of people residing in that nation, and distinction of authorities between the organizations of the country. These organizations are usually the judiciary, legislature and the executive.
A democratic government should also have liberty of expression; this means that all the individuals should be allowed to air their thoughts. Furthermore, it should put the interest of the society without favouritism first. At the appropriate age, the citizens should be allowed to choose their representative through a fair election.
Lastly, every citizen should be allowed to worship in whichever manner they wish as long as there will not be a conflict of interest. All these factors should be written down in a constitution of that particular state (Arendt, 1993).
Currently, there is proof of democracy in United States of America. From the 2008 elections, we realize that every citizen had an equal right to vote for their desired representative of the state. Apart from that, the elections were fair and free from fraud or any irregularities. In thee U.S constitution, there is a bill of right which ensures that every citizen is treated fairly by corporations or other fellow citizens (William, 1962).
There are various kinds of democracy. The three main types of democracy are: semi direct, direct, and indirect democracy. Other types of democratic systems stem from these three.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Direct democracy is a type of democracy in which the citizens contribute directly in the decision making processes of a nation. Besides, the citizens influence the executive, legislative and judicial powers of a country without the use of intermediaries. In the indirect democracy, ruling is done by the use of an elected body to act as their representative.
On the other hand, the semi direct democracy is a type of democracy which contains both the rudiments of direct and indirect democracy. A good example of semi direct democracy is deliberative; this is a type of democracy which combines both the direct and representative components (Arthur, 1996).
In indirect democracy, representatives are not chosen by the society but are haphazardly selected from the community. The best examples of indirect democracy are the representative and the parliamentary types of democracy. Representative is a type of democracy in which societies choose a body which makes implementations and decisions on behalf of the society. On the other hand, parliamentary democracy is the one which the country’s rulers are elected by the members of parliament (Arthur, 1996).
United States of America has a representative type of democracy; the state elects a body of people who represents the entire society in matters relating to their interests such as political, economical, culture and social (Dahl, 2003).
In conclusion, there are many other types of democracy not discussed here. They include cosmopolitan, religious, Supranational, Consensus, social and inclusive democracy. Democracy is not only political; it involves all factors that affect an individual in a nation (Dahl, 2003). Such other factors may be related to education, health and corporate governance.
References Arendt, H. L. (1993). What is Freedom? Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought. New York: Penguin.
Arthur, W. C. (1996). Liberisation and the problem of knowledge: A New Rhetoric for Modern Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Democracy and Its Types specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dahl, R. A. (2003). The Democracy Sourcebook. Chicago: MIT.
William, R. H. (1962). The Theory of Political Coalition. New York: Yale University press.
Examination of the Portfolio Approach to IT Projects Report college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction Information systems and processes have brought about major technological influence to most organizations. In present business environment, most products and services activities revolve around IT systems.Embracing project portfolio management serves as anintegral aspectfor most organization in succeeding its goals.
The importance of portfolio management is that, it promotes overall project progress, protects the projects during harsh economic times, and gives greater autonomy to organization’s executives in overseeing and locating redundancies, fixing resources and keeping an eye on project progress. This report will discuss the importance of portfolio project management. The reports will also explore the value and challenges of portfolio approach in managing IT projects.
Project Portfolio Management As it may sound, project portfolio management entails collecting and controlling thefacets of IT investments as a unit of connected tasks in a single place (Levine, 2005, p.48).
Besides providing a unified synopsis of all IT projects, portfolio makes it easier for organizations to understand their investments in terms of balance, size, risk involved and the projected payoff expected. When strategically executed, portfolio management surges IT value by divulging redundant or risky projects whereas uncovering how to sway resources from less valuable investment to value added projects.
To cushion value in the outcome of project success, portfolio embraces different level of management. One of the levels is often in practice is the consolidating all projects in a single database. This level involves putting projects names, projected project costs, estimated project timeframe and assigning members tasks to be performed (Levine, 2005, p.89). Although, collection of these information may be seem tiresome, in the long run, it adds impressive yields such in terms of identifying redundancies in the long run.
Consequently, prioritizing projects in a database ensures urgency is embraced. Projects in a database appear less distinct and symbiotic. Prioritizing projects in a database ensures effective risk analysis and simplifies management.
The value of a portfolio approach to managing IT projects The value of portfolio management has significant value to businesses which embraces the concept (Levine, 2005, p.97). Though, it is linked to several advantages such as linking organizations concepts and policies with vital work flows, project data and business practices, individual benefits are common. These benefits includes; opportunities, benefits and process improvement
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Opportunities Portfolio approach creates opportunities in an organization. It helps organization to manage IT projects effectively thus encouraging maximization of business output.
This is realized by closely reviewing the operational processes of the business in terms of cost reduction efficiency in service delivery levels, increased profits gains and quality of products. Thus, it simplifies the supervisory and management role of projects manager in resource allocation throughout the project cycle.
Besides, portfolio approach assist organizations to achieveorganizations requirements, improve marketing capability, determine and account for organizational operational costs. Finally, portfolio management enhances identification of potential areas to invest and diversify its resources after careful surveying the market niche’.
Benefits Portfolio management helps projectmanagers in ensuring that the resources and investments for projects satisfy business needs. In this case, the project managers establishes a standardized level of service which ensures that high profits are achieved, functions are well organized and the overall costs of the project is minimized.
Also, portfolio approach is beneficiary to both the customer and the service providers in numerous ways(Moore, 2009, p. 87). Such benefits comprises of; constant improvement in the overall performance and cost analysisand service levels.
Besides, portfolio management encourages integration of delivery procedures and Just-in-Time systems which aims at waste reduction. Further, it ensures that high service levels are met thus achieving theobjectives of a business organization. The other benefit is that, it acts as a communication and marketing channel for portfolio analysis and cost analysis hence, minimizes overall costs through business strategies such as joint ventures and service standardization.
Process Improvement According to Moore (2009, p. 123), the methods and tools anchored in portfolio management enable process improvement, standardization and visibility. This is very useful in enabling organizations to complete projects in time allocated. The use of a portfolio approach can enable IT specialists to objectively work on a more profitable project which pays relative returns to the organization.
We will write a custom Report on Examination of the Portfolio Approach to IT Projects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It oversees that a given IT project is closely monitored and is in compliant with the set out missions and objectives of the project. The common approach of cancelling fully completed projects, which have consumed a lot of resources such as time and money, will be avoided. The portfolio approach enables the free up of IT resources, to carry out only beneficial and viable projects.
The challenges of a portfolio approach to managing IT projects
According to (Bonham, 2004, p.68), portfolio project management is embraced because of its suitability in planning and directing IT projects. However, like any other projects, IT managers face several challenges, some of the challenges includes; implementing portfolio management, short term and long goals,lack of proper legal backup, demand management,costs establishment and the project value(Bonham,2004,p. 87).
Implementing Portfolio Management System
One of the challenges in portfolio project management is executing the project management system. This is because; altering the culture existing in an organization that is anchored on ad hoc project management needs many efforts (Moore, 2009, p. 76). Sometimes, the organization can fail to implement, because they can feel uncomfortable with the change.
Besides, quantifying the benefits and disadvantages of the project can surge the returns on resources or investment of the organization, thus organization with less resources is hard hit (Bonham, 2004).
Short and Long Term Goals
An organization is faced with the challenge of whether the project being implemented will serve either short or long term goals. When an organizations deals with a project lasting a few weeks or months, it is viewed that implementing a portfolio management is not worthy because it will results in unplanned overheads. Organization views that portfolio management is worthy long term goals because it helps to underwrite efficiency in planning and thwarts possible risk that an organization could face.
Lack of Proper LegalBackup
A number of IT projects are managed by private sectors which lack efficient and elaborate mandate of sustainability. This often has resulted in informal decision-making processes by organizations. Informal decision-making processes have contributed to unsatisfactory final projects which lacks transparency and accountability(Bonham, 2004, p. 127).
The unrelenting persistence and changing demands bestowed on organizations project teamshave contributed to portfolio inability to address key organization’s needs. Thus, the demand has exposed project teams’ diversified risk in their operations.
According to Moore (2009, p. 103)multi-tasking between tactical demand, operational demand and strategic demand against available assets, staff and budgets exposes the organization’s project team to higher magnitude of risks. Besides, theIT department undergoes an uphill task when trying to estimate the time and cost measures for a given project.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Examination of the Portfolio Approach to IT Projects by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Costs establishment Due to the complexity nature of IT projects. Accounting for the overall expenditure of a given project is complex. This is because several departments such as procurement, accounts, research and development, marketing and Human Resource are involved.
Determining the precise costs involved in the project is very difficult due to lack of transparency within the system (Moore, 2009, p. 87). An efficient transparent system, which shows the relationship between the levels of services and overall operational cost, should be in place.
Displaying the project value Determining the efficiency levels of the projects in relation to the technological value is also a problem. It is therefore challengingto establish whether IT personnel for new demands be outsourced or acquired in-house(Bonham, 2004, p. 112). For portfolio to provide standardized value, availability of a real-world operational data should be in place.
Conclusion Portfolio approach in project management helps simplify project processes and activities in organizations. Besides, it is vital for organization because, it helps inaligning project management practices in tandem with strategic organizations aims. This in turn leads to utilizing limited resources available in an organization.
However, smooth portfolio management cannot be successful without firm project documentation plan, accurate estimates of resources and information in relation to actual resources consumed.
This report has addressed portfolio project management in terms of what it means and benefits to an organization. The paper has identified that, opportunities, benefits and process improvement are merits associated with the approach. On the other hand, the paper has pointed out that; Implementing portfolio management system, short and long term goals and lack of proper legal backup among other factors are the challenges linked to portfolio project management.
Reference List Bonham, S., S., (2004).IT Project Portfolio Management, London, Artech House
Levine, H., A., (2005).Project Portfolio Management: A Practical Guide To Selecting Projects, Managing Portfolios, And Maximizing Benefits, New Jersey, John Wiley and Sons
Moore, S., (2009).Strategic Project Portfolio Management: Enabling a Productive Organization, New Jersey, John Wiley and Sons
Concepts of Budget and Cash flow analysis Essay college essay help near me
Liability A liability are any claims against the assets of a business or financial organization, they are the obligations that the business has for or against the external stakeholders of the business which may be the shareholders, creditors to the business, suppliers and even the lenders (Swart, 2004).
A liability can also be defined as the legal obligations of an individual person or an organization and the obligation is derived from current or past actions of the person or organization that binds them to the external party legally. Liabilities therefore demands from compulsory transfer of assets or the demanded services at a future defined dates. Liabilities are majorly divided in to two that is current and long term liabilities (Tyson, 2009).
This is the future obligation that is payable within a duration of less than one financial period i.e. one year. They include: – accounts or trade payables, accrued rent and short term loans (Swart, 2004).
Pizza Piazza’s current liabilities include:- the monthly rent of the leased restaurant $3000 per month, 2 short term loans of $1500.00 credit card balance and $350 vendor balance.
This on the other hand are legal obligations or claims that are payable in the long run which may even range up to a period of from one year to ten years. They include:- owners equity which is the companies obligation to its owners and long term loans (Custard, 1996).
Pizza Piazza’s long term liability includes:- the long term bank loan of $50000
Assets These are the economic resources that are owned by any form of business entity. They are generally of the use of value addition to the entity through the creation of more resources. They do this also by adding to the net worth of the entity that owns them (Hysell, 2007). They can be classified variedly as either current or fixed, liquid or illiquid or tangible and intangible assets. Assets include cash and receivables, Land and buildings and also equipment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Current Assets
They are also called short-term assets and they can be converted into cash or an exchange done against them within one financial period that is a year. These types of assets are highly liquid and change form often from one to the other. They include cash and cash equivalents, receivables, prepayments and short-term investments (Swart, 2004).
Pizza Piazzas Current Assets are as follows: – the inventory that it maintains to produce Pizza as well as start-up cash.
These on the other hand are called capital or long-term assets. They include all forms of property, plant and equipment that are owned by the entity. They are illiquid and therefore don’t change form that easily (Custard, 1996). It’s the long-term assets that are used to run the day to day operations of a business to create more wealth to the owners. Fixed asset include:- land, buildings, machinery and even vehicles.
Pizza Piazzas fixed assets entails among others; the kitchen equipment and the three delivery vehicles.
The cash flow of Pizza Piazza would contain cash from the sales of pizza and other menu items as the operating activities. Cash outflows would result from monthly expenditure like rent, insurance and community expenditure, fuel for the vehicles and loan payments.
Reference List Custard, E. T. (1996). The complete book of colleges. Princeton: Princeton Books.
Hysell, S. G. (2007). American reference books annual. Houston: Adventures Works Press.
We will write a custom Essay on Concepts of Budget and Cash flow analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Swart, N. (2004). Personal Financial Management. New York: New York Book Stores.
Tyson, E. (2009). Personal Finance for Dummies. Chicago: Chcago Printing Press.
Customer Service Needs Analytical Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Changes in the menu
Reasons for making changes
Introduction The hospitality industry in the US particularly restaurants face many challenges in providing for customer service needs. Customers are continuously becoming more sophisticated and so are the kinds of services and products which they need (Jing
Ottoman and Safavid Empire Compare and Contrast Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Ottomans Empire
Ottomans Empire Ottoman Empire also popularly known as Turkish Empire rose into power after the weakening of the Byzantine Empire towards the early 1300 (Ottoman.com, 2010). This empire was founded towards the year 1299 and was lead by Osman 1 a member of emirates Gazi from whom the name ottoman was coined; Osman 1 was admired as a strong and courageous ruler (Ottoman.com, 2010).
To start with, the conquest of this empire was deeply established due to utilization of great innovations and skills of ottomans military men who had high discipline level that ensured commitment to protection of ottomans interest like securing key trade roots among others.
Additionally, this empire become more established into power due to the economical advancement which prevailed for a long time as a result of the empire conquering and taking over and dominating most of the trade routes between Europe and Asia.
The ideologies that led to retaining of power by ottomans Empire was also as a result of many people converting to the Muslim religion (Shapour, 2000). The state’s troops were mostly characterized by Muslim religion which became dominant and most people converted to this religion in a wave that was fueled by the ottomans empire whose mission was to convert the whole world into a Muslim religion.
Primarily, the ottomans state was in control of land titles and they gave right of ownership to land based on the ability to pay tax by the people, those who were close to the state and influential like the orthodox church were given bigger share of lands so that the state could control and manipulate them and thereby become more established in the process.
Generally, due to great ruler like Osman and Suleiman and also due to high number of descendants, the empire was strong and greatly dispersed with other members settling in neighboring countries like Hungary leading to the emperor becoming more dominant in both Turkey and Europe which is the reason that the empire was so successful.
Safavid Empire The Safavid Empire ruled between 1500 and 1722 and became one of the most dominant dynasties in Iran; during its reign, the empire established a greater Muslim religion in Persia hence characterizing the empire with Muslim religion (Shapour, 2000). The dynasty was further characterized by great innovations, economic development and artistic creativity of the fine art (Shapour, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Safavid empire became very dominant and maintained its authority due to their ability of linking power and religion; in fact this empire advocated the ideology that power was attached to religion which was the basis of the declaration that it made stating “safavid state would be twelver” which meant that, the only people who were justified to be rulers of the empire were only descendant cousins and in-laws of Muhammad (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).
This doctrine became a popular religious belief because people believed that the empire leadership was secret knowledge from Muhammad to the heirs (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).
The Safavid dynasty also became more established due to making of allies with other states like the Persia-Mughal force that gave enough military assistance that consequently strengthened and contributed to victory of Safavid Empire among its enemies in wars (Globalsecurity.org, 2011). Additionally, the Safavid Empire mostly relied on the slaves who were fully loyal to the it by even fighting its wars (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).
The safavid dynasty was also characterized by a great bureaucratic system which inadvertently contributed to its success especially under the rule of Shah Abbas whose regime was responsible for distributing land ownership (Shapour, 2000).
Under this ruler, the empire gave land to the people who were loyal to the state while it also distributed people to reduce chances of them opposing the state; it also relocated people so that the empire could become a strong bureaucrat with centralized administration (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).
Conclusion Based on this analysis, it is quite clear that both empires were successful and dominant due to great contribution of the military, slaves and also due to religious ideologies which they advocated. Muslim religion was the common factor that contributed to the dominance of the two major empires in this case.
Reference Globalsecurity.org ( 2011). Safavid (1491–1722). Retrieved from https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/history-safavid.htm
We will write a custom Essay on Ottoman and Safavid Empire specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hooker, R.(1996). The ottomans. Web.
Ottoman.com, (2010). Ottomans empire. Retrieved from http://www.ottomanempire.com/
Shapour, G. (2000). History of Iran. Retrieved from http://www.iranchamber.com/history/safavids/safavids.php
JetBlue Airway Companies Blogging Essay college essay help near me
JetBlue airway is one of the companies that are making use, and benefiting from the use of web 2.0 applications. There was a time this company set a 21-hour blogging when they were opening their new terminal 5 at JFK airport.
Their main theme was to keep continuous posts to inform the world about the happenings in the new terminal. This blog was to target both the customers and the employees from all over, to keep them updated.
That blog exists up to date as a way of connecting both the internal and the external customers, and at the same time to show this company has adopted the new technology (O`Reilly). By use of web 2.0, David Neelman, the CEO of JetBlue was able to come up with a personal blog for the advantage of the JetBlue airways.
After taking a flight in JetBlue, David collected data from the customers that he used to post in this blog. Through this, JetBlue was able to interact with its customers directly, and was a very successful exercise that attracted many customers to this airline and acted as a lesson to other companies.
Consumer participation, social engagement, and motivation are crucial aspects in JetBlue. Through Flickr, JetBlue shares its events such as thanksgiving parties online to keep their customers engaged in their every move.
The web 2.0 has helped JetBlue to share its experiences with customers, to make them participate through comments and feel as part of the company. This is a great way of motivating the customers to maintain the company loyalty (O`Reilly). Through online sharing, the customers and the employees of the company feel honored and appreciated.
Through the exclusive eBay stores, JetBlue has interacted with its treasured customers through the most comfortable way without interrupting their activities. JetBlue believes in making the best use of technology to reach new customers and to retain the old ones through participation and socializing with them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through the applications of web 2.0, JetBlue has managed to maintain the customers’ loyalty even during the tough times. When customers realize the company is concerned about the services they receive, their level of motivation and loyalty to that company increases.
The customers determine the continuity of any business. The company cannot grow if it does not retain new customers as well as attracting more. Through their quality services, JetBlue manages to attract more and more customers as well as retaining the old ones (Doctorow 89).
Through different web 2.0 applications, customers have the freedom to make both positive and negative comments concerning the company services. The company also tries to market itself through these applications to attract more customers. JetBlue as well, conducts some events and parties to increase its fame through advertising its services.
Through these events, parties, advertisements on various media channels, and by use of web 2.0, JetBlue gathers many people to be part of their customers.
The consumer participation in any company brings some assurance to the company of customer retention. When customers participate and become involved in the happenings of the JetBlue services, the company gets a chance to know where to improve their services according to the desires of the customers (Howe).
JetBlue does outsourcing crowd through creation of open blogs for customers and other people to specify their likes, and for the company to get the desired people to work with. Through this, JetBlue manages to perfect its services to serve customers satisfactorily. When the company serves customers satisfactorily, a chance of attracting more customers is created, and the company becomes assured of growth.
When the customers grow the revenue of the company also grows making the company to benefit financially. The stronger the customers base of the company the better for the company. If the company can serve customers without them returning to the business, that is a sign of business downfall.
We will write a custom Essay on JetBlue Airway Companies Blogging specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More JetBlue airway is a successful company, whereby in some areas in United States, it has the greatest number of flights, and the largest load capacity. The charges of this airway are higher compared to other airlines, although it still attracts more customers due to its quality services.
To maintain its quality services, JetBlue ensures a regular turnover of its planes (Doctorow 87). The company has a policy of purchasing several new planes at the same time as a way of replacing the existing ones. The company believes in efficiency and comfort of new planes that are below fifteen years on air.
To maintain its policy, the company out of its high profits keeps on purchasing new planes for their customers. The company has benefitted from this policy through the effectiveness of the flights due to increased productivity.
On the other hand, purchasing of these planes at the same time, leads to a period when all of them will deserve repair and maintenance of the engine at the same time of the year. This becomes like a weakness as it causes some flight inconveniences. It is also expensive and time consuming for the company to do the maintenance of several planes at the same time.
It would be advisable if the company can purchase the planes one at a time, to create some intervals for maintenance. Through this, the company would be in a position to serve its customers effectively throughout the year.
Works Cited Doctorow, Cory. The Branding of Billy Bailey. San Francisco: Running Press, 2003.
Howe, Jeff. The Rise of Crowdsourcing. 2006. Web.
O`Reilly, Tim. What is Web 2.0. New York: O`Reilly Media, 2005. Web.
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The Planet Jupiter Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The study of the universe and other heavenly bodies has been one of the main concerns of scientists since the ancient world. The solar system has a series of planets and Jupiter is one of them. This planet was first discovered by scientists during the ancient period and it was closely linked with religious and mythical believes of many societies.
For example, the Romans called it Jupiter, a term which referred to one of their gods. Among the heavenly bodies visible in the sky at night, Jupiter is the third brightest. However, Mars can also have the same level of brightness at certain intervals in its orbit.
Jupiter has an oblate spheroid shape because it rotates very fast. It is mainly composed of gaseous and liquid substances. In terms of size, it is the largest of all the planets and it is number five from the sun. “The diameter of Jupiter is 142984 kilometers and its density is 1.326 g/cm3” (Bova 125). The upper atmosphere of this planet is mainly made up of hydrogen which occupies ninety percent and helium nine percent.
The remaining one percent is occupied by small quantities of other gases like ammonia and water vapor. Silicon based compounds can also be found in the atmosphere. “Based on spectroscopy, Saturn is thought to be similar in composition to Jupiter, but the other gas giants Uranus and Neptune have relatively much less hydrogen and helium” (Bova 127).
The mass of Jupiter is two and a half times greater than the combined mass of all the remaining planets. The density of this planet is low despite its large size. “Jupiter’s volume is equal to 1,321 Earths, yet the planet is only 318 times as massive” (Cattermole 81). According to theoretical models, Jupiter would shrink if it had a greater mass than it has at present.
The heat generated in this planet is almost the same as the amount of solar radiation it gets from the sun. This process leads to the shrinking of the planet by approximately two centimeters annually. When this planet was formed, it was very hot and its diameter was double the current one.
Scientists believe that Jupiter has a dense core, which has several elements and it is also surrounded by a layer of gases “Rain-like droplets of helium and neon precipitate downward through this layer, depleting the abundance of these elements in the upper atmosphere” (Bova 201). A high temperature also builds toward the core of the planet. However, much is not known about the detailed structure of the core.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The formation of the core is believed to have taken place during the initial stages of the formation of Jupiter. The fact that Jupiter has a core was partially proved in 1997 through gravitational measurements. However, this fact has not been fully confirmed scientifically. “Jupiter is covered with clouds that have ammonia crystals and hydrosulfide” (Cattermole 159).
“Jupiter has a unique feature known the Great Red Spot, which is a persistent anti cyclonic storm located 22° south of the equator that is larger than the Earth” (Bova 267).
This feature has probably existed since 1665. Mathematical models indicate that this feature may permanently remain as part of Jupiter. This feature is very visible if one uses instruments such as telescopes to view it. The red sport is oval and rotates anticlockwise on Jupiter.
“In terms of rotation, Jupiter is the fastest in the solar system and within ten hours it can completely rotate within its axis” (Bova 128). The tilt of Jupiter is just 3.13° hence it does not have considerable changes in seasons. The sun and Jupiter are 778 million kilometers apart. Since Jupiter is not solid, it has equatorial and polar atmospheric rotations. The latter rotation lasts approximately longer than the former.
Even though some research has been done on Jupiter, more is still being done even today. Travelling from the earth to the other planets is very possible and many of such missions have successfully been conducted by scientists in the past. Galileo Galilei is one of the earliest scientists who did a lot of research on planets. For example, in 1973, the pioneer missions successfully got pictures of Jupiter.
The study of these planets has not been an easy task for the scientists and they have had to sacrifice a lot of their time and resources in order study them. Besides this, space exploration is a very dangerous adventure and many scientists have lost their lives in the process of moving to the planets.
Some of them even disappeared mysteriously and they have never been traced since they went for space exploration missions (Nickell 127). Nonetheless, space exploration has greatly contributed to scientific knowledge. With the introduction of sophisticated technology in space exploration, many scientists are now able to travel to various planets and most of them have had successful missions.
We will write a custom Essay on The Planet Jupiter specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Bova, Ben. Jupiter. New York: Wiley, 2000.
Cattermole, Peter. Earth and Other Planets: Geology and Space Research. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Nickell, Duane. Guidebook for the Scientific Traveler: Visiting Astronomy and Space Exploration Sites Across America. New York: Rutgers University Press, 2008.
Ceramic Design and Its Use within the Broader Contemporary Context Essay college application essay help
Ceramic art has a very long history in almost all civilizations and cultures. Ceramic products were used not only as products of the daily usage, but were considered to be the products of a fine and decorative art. As a form of art, the ceramic products express intentions and thoughts of the authors, as well as reflect social and cultural changes.
Thus, each work of ceramics has particular context. These days, many designers, artists, craftsmen, or other practitioner in ceramics use ceramics to express their ideas and view. Ceramic design and creative practices are numerous and individual for each artist. Ceramic design can be analyzed through different critical perspectives and provide critical understanding of different values and approaches used by artists to embody their ides in different articles made from clay.
In this paper, we are going to provide the analysis of ceramic design within a range of contexts. In order to understand different points of view and values, we will analyze works and practices of three “subjects” (contemporary ceramists) that have put different contexts in their works.
The fists “subject” under consideration is a contemporary American ceramist Justin Novak. He could be located under tree headings in the Matrix: History (reference), Society (politics) and Belief (morality).
Three relevant sources justify the location of the artist in the sections of the Matrix. The first source is the article by Justin Novak “The Disfigurine” in which he provides the descriptions of his works, explains why he uses particular techniques and methods to convey the meanings of his works, as well as his point of view on the meaning of the contemporary art and its function.
The second source is the article in the magazine Ceramics Today in which we can find the information on the achievements of the artist, analysis of his works and statements by the artist in which he comments on the values of his creations.
The third source is the interview with Justin Novak about his first works the 21st Century Bunny in which he told about his political views, and commented the themes of his works.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, the works by the author refer to history. His firs work the 21st Century Bunny has a unique form and context. It is a series of ceramic bunnies with one eye and with guns in their paws.
The bunnies are trying to kill each other. Novak wrote about this work that it is about “the pathological and cyclical nature of violent behavior” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.). The main idea of the work is to express the “paranoid spirit” of contemporary world. Novak says that ““21c Bunny” is so terrified of being preyed upon that he has armed himself and turned himself into a predator.
In this sense, his story is a perfect allegory for America, post-9/11” (Valentina 2009, n. p.). From this passage we can see that the author makes allusions to the recent historic events, and images of the bunnies provide the interpretation of the moral destruction under the influence of the unjustified violence. This is how people felt themselves and behaved after the terrorist attack.
The author provides that people’s minds have changed after that event. He compares them with bunnies and explains people’s behavior through the interpretation, ““Bunny” is born as a fluffy warm-blooded innocent that means no harm to anyone, it is only the state of fear that causes his destructive behavior” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.).
The artist’s works are “at the intersection of art and design” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.). He tells that this approach helps him appeal to different dimensions of the modern society. His methodology is a mixture of both disciplines which allows him express the “mass appeal of design practice and the poetic inquiry of contemporary art culture” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.).
The reason why the artist choose working with clay is that he considers it “a natural medium for the transformation” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.) of his ideas and intentions in all three dimensions.
The style and design of the author were shaped under the influence of the baroque style, he comments that he was “utterly captivated by the golden era of European porcelain, in late baroque and rococo times” (Novak 2007, p. 109). The traditions of European porcelain became the inspiration for the author and he used simple techniques to express complex ideas in his works.
We will write a custom Essay on Ceramic Design and Its Use within the Broader Contemporary Context specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The magazine Ceramics Today provides a very in-depth interpretation of the works by Justin Novak:
His raku-fired expressive figurative sculpture navigates a fine line the between the tasteful and the grotesque, while subverting the historical genre of the figurine, e.g. with his ‘disfigurine’ series, in which physical wounds such as bruises and lacerations serve as metaphors for injury to self-esteem and other psychological harm. (“Ceramics Today”, n. d.).
Thus, the author explores sociological and psychological dimensions of the societies of the past and present. The works present the insight into the cultural values, codes of behavior and self-identity.
The second “subject” under consideration is an American ceramist Allan Rosenbaum. Using the Matrix, we can locate the artist under the headings that follow: Language (metaphor), Environment (urban and domestic), and Personal (personal memories and identity). Three relevant sources provide the insight into the artist’s creative techniques, themes and ideas. They explain why he prefers clay to any other materials and what influenced his art.
The fist source is the book by Judith S. Schwartz in which the author explores the differing values of research materials, and discusses artistic and social contexts of works of different ceramists.
In this book, we encounter the comment by Allan Rosenbaum on one of his works of the year 2002 named Flow which provides the interpretation of the artist’s attitude towards art and its function. The second source is the article in the magazine Ceramics Today in which the artist’s works and his point of view are provided. Finally, the third work is the study by Howard Risatti. The study explores the theory of craft, its function and aesthetic expression.
The author debates the assumption that craft (in which such materials as clay and fiber are used) cannot be considered sculptures and thus, cannot be the form of art. In order to support his idea, the author exemplifies the work by Allan Rosenbaum and claims that deep context and “emotional expressiveness” of his ceramics makes it a form of art.
Ceramic works by Allan Rosenbaum express the author’s interpretation of the contemporary world. They are creative, colorful and depict the objects from the daily life, such as books, bags, clothes, etc. The works are very detailed and the details used are often “incompatible”, his:
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ceramic Design and Its Use within the Broader Contemporary Context by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Whimsical figurative sculptures are influenced by funk, often featuring parts of the human body in conjunction with household items. Some are reminiscent of Surrealism, in particular the works of Renée Margritte. They are fired multiple times to achieve richly patinated surfaces (“Ceramics Today”, n. d.).
In his works, the author addresses the issues of history of art (in particular, hi is focusing on the Surrealistic tendencies) in order to provide the interpretation of the contemporary ceramic design and its role in art. Furthermore, his works are very intimate, as they refer to personal memories and question of self-identity. In this regard, the works by the author are very metaphoric.
They provide metaphors for the nature of human relations, social position of the individual and break the borders between reality and imagination. The author provides the following interpretation of his own works:
My works raises questions about the nature of human relationships, the need of security, our methods of communication and the search for identity. Of the system of thinking of different philosophies and mystics, I wanted to integrate thoughts and philosophical thesis into everyday life – to link them with everyday objects as “food for thought” without the barrier of awe; I invite the viewer to communicate, to reflect and to ruminate (Schwartz 2008, p. 167).
Indeed, the ceramic works by Allan Rosen provide the viewer with the “material” to think about. His art is aimed at addressing conflict emotions and thoughts. At first sight, his works are humoristic; however, if one delves into their context, they appear to be very serious, as address the feelings that are hidden deep inside the human consciousness.
The artist explores the environment. In particular, he is interested in urban environment and domestic interior. This can be observed in the work like Thinking Chair, 1998. It is a ceramic glaze depicting a chair with hands that holds a head turned upside down. The author provides a detailed explanation of his work and themes that he addresses in art in the following passage:
The sculptures I make weave together objects and images that are culled from personal memories, art history, domestic interiors and urban environments. By creating sculptures that are composed of combinations of familiar images, I hope to shed new light on the metaphorical possibilities of the figure and of the objects in our everyday world.
Through my work, I raise questions about the nature of human relationships, the need for security, our methods of communication the search for identity and the importance of community. My work negotiates a balance between the real and the imaginary – between our daily experiences and our dreams (“Ceramics Today” n. d.)
The author utilized “clay and sophisticated ceramic hand-building and glaze techniques” (Risatti 2007, p. 6) to create most of his works. As it has already been mentioned, the works are very creative and consider a “deep psychological overtone” (Risatti 2007, p. 6).
The next “subject” is a famous Tunisian studio potter Khaled Ben Slimane. His works and themes are analyzed in three sources. The first one provides a brief biography of the author and thus helps understand what issues influenced themes and ideas of his works. This source is the article retrieved from the site of The British Museum.
The second source is the overview of the author’s works provided by the Galerie el Marse in which we can find the critical interpretation of the author’s ceramics. The third source is taken from the magazine Ceramics Today, and it presents the author’s works and techniques.
In the matrix, the author can be located under the headings that follow: Society (culture), Belief (Spirituality) and Environment (Global).
Thus, Khaled Ben Slimane comes from the region of Nabeul where pottery-making was the leading craft which provided a basis for the author’s interest in ceramics. He traveled a lot around the world and his experience is reflected in his works.
As the author says, “as a ceramist, I realized that seven places have brought me to this art and have initiated me. It’s like being born seven times.” (“Khaled Ben Slimane”, n. d.). In his pottery, one can notice the motifs inspired by visiting such countries as Tunisia, Spain, Japan, and Iran.
Culture of these countries is reflected in his works through symbolic colors and paintings. In such way, the author addresses different societies and cultures, “Slimane’s works include pieces inspired by Islamic funerary architecture and also public sculptures and installations” (“Khaled Ben Slimane, ceramic plates (tabaq)” 1998, n. p.).
High spirituality can also be noticed, as the author strongly believed in power of traditions and importance to preserve national heritage, “a synthesis of East and West, his work has been inspired by the Arab-Muslim heritage and the ancestral know-how in pottery” (“Khaled Ben Slimane” n. d.).
He addressed the global environment, as he believed that the best traditions of ceramic design were lost, and he considered his responsibility to restore them and save for future generations.
The creative practice and techniques used by the author are worth an in-depth critical analysis. First of all, the colors used in his works have great symbolic meaning that “symbolizes the elements of earth, fire, air and water – with rough, bold, black brushstrokes formed into delicate spirals” (“Khaled Ben Slimane, ceramic plates (tabaq)” 1998, n. p.). Moreover, he uses repeated words to decorate his works.
These words are “Allah (God), er-Rouh (‘the soul’), Huwa (‘Him which evokes God’)” (“Khaled Ben Slimane, ceramic plates (tabaq)” 1998, n. p.). And thus, this fact supports the idea that Khaled Ben Slimane paid great attention to the spiritual development of the individual, and used his ceramics to transfer this idea to the viewer. The forms of his works (cube, cylinder, and cone) are also symbolic and they were inspired by Islamic “funerary architecture”.
Thus, ceramics is a special form of art that has its traditions and deep context. In this paper, we provided a critical analysis of the works by contemporary ceramists who addressed various dimensions of the contemporary society.
Different critical perspectives on the ceramic design provide a possibility to understand the design methodologies and techniques used by authors to express their ideas and points of view on the modern society and its development. Thus, three artist under consideration represented different values in their works. They addressed different dimensions of history, society, art and environment.
They used various techniques to express particular themes related to the problems which they considered important, such as morality, violence, spirituality, self-identification, human relations and importance to protect national and cultural traditions. We can come to a conclusion that ceramics, s a form of art, is a strong means of communication of the author with the viewer, and a “tool” to influence the individual’s vision of the better world.
List of References Allan Rosenbaum, Ceramics Today. Web.
Justin Novak, Ceramics Today. Web.
Khaled Ben Slimane, Galerie el Marsa. Web.
Khaled Ben Slimane, Ceramic Plates (tabaq), 1998, The British Museum. Web.
Khaled Ben Slimane, Ceramics Today. Web.
Novak, J. 2007, “The disfigurine” in The Figure in Clay: Contemporary Sculpting Techniques by Master Artists, ed. Lark Books, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., New York.
Risatti, H. 2007, A Theory of Craft: Function and Aesthetic Expression. The University of North California Press, Chapel Hill.
Schwartz, J. S. 2008, Confrontational Ceramics: The Artist as Social Critic. University of Pennsylvania Press, London.
Valentina, V. 2009, “Interview: Justin Novak”. Who killed Bambi? Web.
The meaning of freedom today Analytical Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Sartre’s existentialist definition of freedom
Equality and independence
Karl Marx on freedom
The practice of freedom
Michael Foucault on freedom
Introduction In the contemporary society, people consider freedom a basic need in that person who is not free must be in a rough co-existence with him and others. It is therefore very important to exalt freedom, which begins with personal liberty to the sovereignty of nations.
The extent to which a person can be free as well as the exact definition of freedom has been subjected to philosophical discourses from time immemorial with renowned philosophers such as Karl Marx, Michael Foucault and Jean Paul Sartre having differing arguments in the matter. According to the school of thought that each one of them represented, the idea of freedom to them bears differing definitions and extends.
In order to come up with an agreeable and logical definition of freedom as it is in the contemporary society, people have critically analyzed the input of these philosophers and their definition of freedom in this paper with the intention of clearly understanding what freedom is according to the schools of thought they represent today.
As I reveal, the exact meaning of freedom must comprise of the different aspects such as personal liberty, the right to life, equality and independence from coercion and repressive conditions such as poverty, ignorance and diseases. Any meaning of freedom is wanting if it does not address the issue of personal liberty.
Personal freedom Freedom starts with a sense of self-control or rather self-ownership. In this case, reason influences the person’s sense of freedom. In a free state, every person receives an equal chance of exercising freedom at personal level. In this case, no other person influences another’s decisions and the extent to which he/she makes decisions remains strictly limited by him/her.
This is in other words to say that in a free state a person’s freedom is not limited as long as it does not impact negatively or limit the freedom of the other people. For instance, a person’s freedom cannot include enslaving other people. As a slave, a person is not free to make certain decisions, movements and interactions with other people in the society.
In a free state therefore, a person is not entitle to take the freedom of another person for personal interests since it is against their wish to be treated so. My fellow panelist Sartre concurs with my view of freedom despite his limited definition of the freedom.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sartre’s existentialist definition of freedom According to Jean Paul Sartre, man is condemned to be free. This is without regard to whether he acts from external constraints to repress it or just follows his pragmatic decisions.
A person is free when s/he refuses to act in bad faith and instead follow what he is. For instance, when the waiter who knows really well that he is impersonating a waiter stops that and instead does what his freedom grants, he is at that particular moment embracing freedom.
By being a waiter, the person is only denying his or her own freedom. According to existentialism, one cannot claim that external forces shape his/her deeds or actions. For instance, the profession of a person cannot shape the person’s identity considering that the roles played in that profession are only as a matter of bad faith and will eventually cease.
Being aware of one’s significance in the process of doing the roles in the profession inform the choices that a person makes and that seem directed to the person’s sense of freedom. However, I stand to criticize his definition based on how limited it appears.
Sartre, as well as other existentialists, concentrates more on the intrinsic definition of self-freedom rather than giving a definition and an extent to freedom that one can put into practice in the contemporary society. He does not clarify whether a person is free or not clearly defined in that existentialists hold that in every situation a person has still the freedom of choice.
Having the freedom of choice is not that important and does not qualify as being the absolute meaning of being free. This is basically for the simple reason that even a person who is enslaved by another has the freedom to choose either to rebel or to show complicity but that does not mean that they are free.
In the contemporary society, a person is only free if any other person or condition can implement his /her thoughts and choices without any repression. The issue of equality of freedom constitutes the meaning of freedom.
We will write a custom Essay on The meaning of freedom today specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Equality and independence Equality is very essential in any situation for a person to be free in the contemporary society. This ranges from political, sexual, racial as well as religious equality.
For people to consider another as free in a free state, he/she must go through an equal treatment with others regardless of their gender or any other affiliations. When a person is marginalized on the any of the above areas, their freedom is interfered with and eventually the person is deprived the necessity of being free.
With equality comes independence in making decisions as well as living without any coercion from anyone. This implies that the different types of independence that Karl Marx and others who embrace the Marxist school of thought argued mostly about.
Karl Marx on freedom Karl Marx in his Manifesto of the communist party conceptualizes freedom from an economic point of view. Marx conceptualizes freedom from an individualistic point of view whereby he argues that freedom is an individual’s collective use of reason to create a reconciled definition of personal and public freedom.
From this, Marx argues that a person who exercises freedom at the expense of the masses abuses it since the freedom of the majority is the one that matters. For instance, a person who owns means of production and abuses his employees for the sake of enriching himself and expanding his financial freedom by enriching himself is infringing the freedom of the others.
It is therefore clear from his arguments that Marx’s view of freedom is more informed by the social relations of people in the society. He argues that for a state to be termed as free there has to be a revolution whereby the proletariat overpower the bourgeoisie and own the means of production.
In that case, the majority would be free in that they will be in a position to cope with life without the fear of being oppressed by a powerful ruling class. However, I stand to criticize the view based on its one-sidedness.
Marx’s idea of the masses overpowering the ruling class, as a necessary precondition for their freedom, is one sided and has failed to hold on for a long time. This stands out because he fails to address other important aspects such as equality, the addressing of human rights and the dealing with other factors that lead to the oppression of people.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The meaning of freedom today by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More His address however on the issue of economic oppression holds until today as evidenced by workers rising up against their oppressive employers in the contemporary society and demanding for a fair exchange for their labor. This is because a person’s freedom seems abused if he/she faces oppression in any given situation.
The practice of freedom The fact that in order to be completely free one must keenly be aware of the limits of his/her freedom is a very important factor to consider when defining freedom in the society today.
This is in the sense that other people’s freedom is as important as your freedom. A question arises as to whether a person has or should have the right to defend him/herself against coercion. This brings forth a quite interesting aspect of freedom regarded as the freedom of defense.
In most Free states where freedom of people seems held with dignity, always a system acts to differentiate acts of coercion as either offensive or defensive. In this case, whether a person acted in an effort to defend him/herself or was interfering with another’s rights is established. Foucault’s meaning today’s of freedom is wanting based on its failure to explain how one can free him/herself.
Michael Foucault on freedom According to Michael Foucault, being free is a practice of the different practices of freedom. To him it is therefore a continuous process. Foucault emphasizes more on the practices of freedom over the process of liberation. He argues that it the practices of freedom that eventually upholds freedom rather than the process of liberation.
For instance, he uses the example of a colonized nation, which liberates itself from the colonizers. The society would still be in need of practices of freedom as they engage in building their own government.
One can clearly notice that Foucault’s works are in a way, skeptical about the extent to which people can free themselves. If people cannot stand out of the constraints of relations of power, knowledge and subjectivity, then to him their practices of freedom are simply on a small notion of resistance from within.
Conclusion In order to answer the question of what one exactly means by ‘being free’ in the contemporary society, it is of great essence to be all-round while addressing the aspects of freedom.
The problem with the definitions and the answers that philosophers Karl Marx, Michael Foucault and Jean Paul Sartre presents is that they are in most cases one sided whereby they all aimed at addressing a single aspect within the complex issue of freedom. Therefore, it is arguable that one can summon their arguments to contribute to the broad definition of today’s freedom.
The Oedipus’ Fate Essay essay help: essay help
Oedipus’ life was a series of tragedies from birth to the point of blindness. This tragedies can be assumed to stem out of the fact that Oedipus ’ was an individual with a strong character which made him want to know the truth and as a result the tragedies befall him out of free will.
However, Oedipus was already doomed to succumb to the fate which was foretold long before his birth via the oracle which was at Delphi. From the time the oracle predicts this to Oedipus’ parents Jocasta and Laios, they immediately take action to ensure that the oracle is not fulfilled. Little do they know that the fate of Oedipus’ will come to occur in their lives which would be a series of tragedies that blindly lead them to believe that the oracle would not be fulfilled.
From an initial reading, most readers assume that the tragedies that befall Oedipus and his family are mere actions of free will by both Oedipus, his parents and the shepherd but it is actually the fate that was already predicted by the oracle which leads to all the tragedies that Oedipus goes through in the entire play. The essay thus intends to show that it was due to fate that the tragedies befell Oedipus rather than free will as it appears.
Oedipus’ parents try to avoid the fate that the oracle predicts concerning Oedipus. They send the shepherd to get rid of the child by leaving the child in the jungle so that he might die due to exposure but instead the shepherd does not leave Oedipus to die, rather, he takes him to his home country and Oedipus is left under the care of the queen and king of Corinth.
“Come, then, say, on. Rememberest thou a boy Thou gav`st me once, that I might rear him up As mine own child?” (Sophocles 1168)This causes Oedipus to believe that the queen and king of Corinth are his real parents which causes him to flee from them to escape the fulfillment of the oracle but finally this belief acts a catalyst for the fulfillment of the oracle and Oedipus and his parents (Jocatsa) are forced to come to the realization that they could not control fate.
Fate also plays a tricky game on Oedipus when in his attempts to discover the person responsible for the death of Laios; he comes to know that it was actually him who killed his own father.
Oedipus met with his father and killed him believing that it was a group of bandits while in actual senses it was his father. His quest to discover what happened to the king Laios leads him to his predetermined fate, ‘Tis enough”.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Oedipus replies, I cannot yield my right to know the truth” Oedipus finds it difficult to restrain himself from looking for the truth even though he has already been warned that the truth might lead to disaster on his part. “Whom did he speak of? Care not thou for it, But wish his words may be but idle tales.” (Sophocles 1176).
Jocasta tries to steer away Oedipus from venturing into asking more questions because she had already deciphered the end of the story. Had he listened to what he was told instead of being stubborn then maybe the fate would not have been completely fulfilled.
It so happens that the priest who is currently in Apollo is blind and Oedipus mocks him by telling him that he can never be blind but fate has it that he would be the one responsible for gouging out his eyes leading to blindness. “Woe! woe! woe! woe! all cometh clear at last.
O light, may I ne`er look on thee again, Who now am seen owing my birth to those To whom I ought not, and with whom I ought not In wedlock living, whom I ought not slaying.” (Sophocles 1200).
At this point Oedipus prefers that he would rather be blind so that he would no longer look upon the evils of the world and those that he had already done. Fate had it therefore that he should become blind despite the fact that he had been mocking the priest
In Oedipus the king, Sophocles raises various questions about fate, should individuals be concerned in knowing their fate instead of living their lives freely or after knowing ones fate, which action is best to take. To ignore fate and live life, or to try as much as possible to control and evade fate.
Oedipus and his parents know their fate and try as much as possible to control this fate but all their actions lead them to the fulfillment of the oracle. Thus, it can be concluded that had Jocasta and Liaos lived their lives without seeking to know their fate then they would have lived happily and the same applies to Oedipus.
We will write a custom Essay on The Oedipus’ Fate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Work Cited Sophocles. Oedipus the King. E.d Cavender, Kenneth. San Francisco: Chandler Pub. Co, 1961.
Financial Ratio Analysis Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Current ratio = Current assets/ Current liabilities
Cost of sales
Ratio analysis is of great importance when it comes to the assessment of the financial position and health of any business enterprise. It may be a tedious activity but once results have been obtained from the computation, interpretation is fast and easy.
Ratios can therefore be used by potential investors, creditors, and money lending institutions such as banks as well as the company management to judge how the company is progressing (Jan et al, 2008, p. 266).
Ratios work by comparing two or more items on any of the prepared financial statements of a company such as the balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement and many others (McManus, 2009, p.1). Ratios are grouped into different classes depending on their final use.
These classes include: liquidity ratios which give an indication of whether the company is able to meet its liabilities in the short run. Profitability ratios are used to determine whether the enterprise has the ability to handle its expenses and make profit in return to the resources it has put into the enterprise (Houston and Brigham, 2009, p. 90).
The list of the type of ratios that can be calculated from any financial statement is endless since almost all items on these financial statements have some degree of correlation. The information obtained from financial ratios analysis, other than giving an impression of how the company is fairing on, it can be used by external bodies to determine the credit worthiness of the company
A common example of a liquidity ratio is the current ratio which compares the liquid assets of a company to the non-fixed or current liabilities. It is therefore calculated as follows:
Current ratio = Current assets/ Current liabilities This ratio is very important as it shows the company’s potential to pay for its short term liabilities. Any creditor to the company will have to look at this ratio so as to depict the credit worthiness of the company in the short-term which will depict its ability to pay the long-term as well.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second ratio is the Return on capital employed (ROCE) which is a profitability ratio. This ratio as the name suggests shows the correlation between the operating profits that has been generated during a certain trading period from the average long-term capital that has been invested in the company. In other words it shows what the company has managed to reap from the resources that it has invested for a certain period of time. It is calculated as follows:
ROCE= Net profit prior taxation and interest x 100
Share capital long-term loans Reserves
This ratio is of great significance to the investors as they are able to predict how their investments are bound to fair in the targeted company.
Another common profitability ratio is the Gross profit margin which depicts the relationship of the sales of the company and the generated gross profit. It is therefore calculated as: Gross profit x 100
Sales revenue This ratio shows how profitable the company is and is therefore used by money lending institutions such as banks as well as investors before making the decision of entering into financial transactions with the company (Jan et al, 2008, p. 266).
Last but not least is an example of efficiency ratios that show how the company makes use of the resources it has. This is the Average inventories turnover period calculated as: Average inventories held x 365
We will write a custom Essay on Financial Ratio Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cost of sales This ratio is used to determine the average number of days that the company is holding inventories. Again the investors and banking institutions use this ratio as a gauge of the company’s progress.
From the aforementioned examples of ratios, it can be deduced that ratio analysis is an important process of the business enterprise as it provides information to external users such as banks, creditors and investors in addition to assisting in the management of the enterprise or company (McManus, 2009, p.1).
Reference List Houston, F. And Brigham, E. (2009). Fundamentals of Financial Management. [Cincinnati, Ohio]: South-Western College Pub.
Jan, W. Haka, S. Bettner, M. And Carcello, J. (2008). Financial
Definition of the Religion as a Form of Diversity Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Religion as a Form of Diversity
Introduction Religions are sets of personal or community institutionalized system of attitudes, principles, beliefs, convections and practices in adoring faith.Religion diversity has taken forefront focus since the history of world’s major modern religions and traditional beliefs. In today’s world of politics, democracy and increased globalization, religions has taken a contentious agenda in many countries and communities.
World religions are numerous and different in beliefs and convections. However, according to theological principles, religion diversity is rampant in modern societies. Religious leaders and sociologies often ask questions on whether there is a popular religion. The major idea is the fact that religious diversity challenges the prospects for religion understanding.
This easy tries to evaluate whether religion should or can be considered as a form of diversity. Particularly, the idea revolves on how religion can change things in the society. If it is capable of changing, is it for better or for worse?
Religion as a Form of Diversity Religion is a practice of exhibiting the true relationship between man and his creator, provider and protector. Usually, religion is way of life or traditional convection towards God and plays a crucial part or role in lives of most humankind population. Religion and religion diversity are expressed by believers to cause strong opinions and emotions in all environments.
Religion diversity can simply refer to the development of religions that depend on the cultures. In modern societies, religion and its diversity is attached to public institutions. Public institution may include the government, political parties, and family institutions. In addition, schools and public health centers are also associated with religion and its diversity.
Many constitutions around the globe guarantee freedom of religious or faith of choice. All parts of the worlds including Europe and America are serious religious faith seekers. The major religion beliefs in the world are the Judaism, Christianity and Islamic. These beliefs are widely spread in all corners of the planet. Most interestingly, these religion beliefs have regions that are dominated by a particular religion.
In America and Europe, Christianity influences conduct more that it does to other continent and countries. Islamic religion in Middle East influences more that any other religion. According to studies done in most parts of world, people believe in God, practice religion and consider religion as a single most factor to growth in their lives. All countries practices nearly all religions found in the world.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Christianity records the highest level of diversity in many countries. Christianity is divided into Roman Christians and the Protestants. Protestants are diverse to grow major other religions such as, seventh day, Jehovah witness, gospel followers, Unitarians, Mormons, Christian scientists and others.
Other Christianity diversification includes the Catholics, Anglicans, Jews, Presbyterians, Quakers, and Calvinists among many others. This diversity has increased rapidly over decades that have made countries to recognize freedom in faith in constitutions and other rule of laws.
History reveals that religions diversity runs countries at a risk of divisions. One historical event recorded is the Americanization event. During Americanization time, Catholics immigrants fought at Protestants and other denominations were forced to migrate to other countries.
In the ancient empires, rulers were well supported by majority religion, which meant to sabotage growth of other less popular religions. In this regard, religion has provided some commonality to purpose. Important aspect in religion diversity is their role to dividing and unifying populations.
Dramatic political or social growing diversity related to religions may lead to drastic shift in country’s masterpiece towards conflicts. Similarly, the prevalence of religion may prompt tolerance and commitment in facilitating religion maneuvers on some country’s vital issues and fight for respect to fellow religion diversities. Therefore, religion should be considered as a form of diversity.
To make things change in a country, region diversity depends on two factors. One is the organization either public or private, and how denominations or churches are organized. Secondly is the divergence in beliefs, practices and rituals in their religion organizations.
Conclusion Religion as a form of diversity is one with difficulties. Today’s world is making religion diversities be more visible than how they were in the past decades or olden days. In addition, the diversity has raised concerns over reactions towards countries economic or social policies and other related individuals practices.
We will write a custom Essay on Definition of the Religion as a Form of Diversity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The role of religion is commonality to citizens and uniformity in cultures. Diversity in faiths will can results to divisions and conflicts. Therefore, religions can be considered as form of diversity. Besides, its diversity can change a country from good to worse.
Discount Pricing Strategy Essay essay help free: essay help free
I am writing to describe an idea about a new discount pricing strategy which can be applied in our deli and bakery as a way of increasing sales.
We sell food-products including gourmet jams and organic raw honey all ranging from $8.00 and $18.00. After a good consideration of our prices and products, an introduction of a discount strategy can boost our sales greatly. The discount pricing strategy is on the basis of the more you buy the more discount you are allowed.
Thus a 10 percent discount will be allowed for a receipt totaling to $ 30.00, 12 percent discount for a receipt with a total between $31.00 and $40.00, and a 15 percent discount for a receipt totaling to $41.00 and above (Jin Li, 1999).
The customer who will receive the highest discount in a week will be awarded with a free lunch. The total in the receipt to receive discount excludes amounts from gourmet jams and organic raw honey.
This will encourage more sales for the shop with its modern yet very classic, and prompt service. This will not imply increased sales for any specific products. This is because this discount pricing strategy accommodates all the shop’s products. It does not also discriminate customers on basis of their preferences.
Thus it will not push away customers as whatever food-products they buy can lead to a discount. The increasing discount rate will encourage customers to buy more from the shop as the more they buy the higher the discount (Watkins, and Media, 2011).
The business will compensate for displaced sales through increased prices of gourmet jams and organic raw honey. The prices of these products will be increased by 2 percent on the initial price. The sale of gourmet jams and organic raw honey will increase due to increased number of customers for food-products.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus with their increased prices and sales, higher profits will be realized from them. The shop will also get compensation from increased sales which will lead to economics of scale. The more sales which will be made will imply increased production which will imply decreasing marginal cost (Shah, et al. 2005). Thus the cost of producing a food-product will be relatively low.
This means that even with the shop offering discounts, it will still be making little profits from food-products that discount is allowed on. The shop will as get compensation on sales made on receipts with totals below $30.00. This is because there no discount allowed on these receipts.
The discount pricing strategy will stimulate sales in the shop. This is because it is on the basis of the more you buy the more discount you will be allowed (Waters, 2011). Thus customers will try to maximize their buying so that they are allowed higher discounts.
The discount pricing strategy will also encourage groups or families to buy food-products using one receipt so as they receive higher discount. This will mean increased number of customers in the shop. The discount pricing strategy will also lead to a competition between customers on who will have the highest allowed discount in a week.
This is because the one with the highest allowed discount in any given week will receive free lunch. This will thus imply more sales as customers try to win the lunch. This competition will also aid in keeping customers as well as attracting new ones (Watkins, and Media, 2011).
The discount pricing strategy does not lower prices of specific food –products thus does not create the impression of low quality products among customers. This implies that no customers will be going for products form competitors rather the shop will attract new customers. The discount pricing strategy will thus increase the sales in the shop.
References Jin Li, F. (1999). How to Use Discount Pricing Strategies for Best Results. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Discount Pricing Strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Shah, N. et al. (2005). Price Discount Strategies: A Review. Web.
Waters, S. (2011). Retail Pricing Strategies. Web.
Stonyfield Café, Bayfront Center, Long Island Catering Halls Websites Analytical Essay custom essay help
In findings published by Summers (n.d), 89 percent of all restaurant patrons (in the US) “researched a restaurant online prior to visiting” it. Majority of the respondents featured in the survey argued that they can anticipate the experience they will have with a hospitality service provider, just by surfing the service provider’s website.
Stonyfield Café’s website Stonyfield Café is a fast-food chain restaurant in Maine, New England. A small business, Stonyfield Café has found a niche selling organic foods to its customers.
Looking through its website, one gets the impression that the chain restaurant has spared no effort in designing a user-friendly website, whose content is assured by the detailed information provided therein.
The Restaurant has done well in listing ‘all’ its menus in the website. The pricing of all dishes has also been indicated in the ‘dining menu’ section, which is accessible via the menus webpage.
One weakness in the ‘Stonyfield Café’ website that emerged in the course of writing this review is that the menus are not as informative as one would like them. For instance, while this author was certain that he had seen the operation hours listed in one of the web pages, attempts to ascertain the information later only led to going from one page to the other without much success.
Logically, one would expect the information about the café’s operation hours to be listed in the ‘About Us’ webpage. Unfortunately, this is not the case in the Stonyfield café website. One also gets the impression that the website is not direct in its communication to the customer.
For example, the webpage that contains information relating to the café’s social corporate responsibility is named ‘community’. The contacts webpage on the other hand is marked by the words ‘Find Us’. To the non-discerning customer who understands unambiguous communication, the Stonyfield café website would be hard to understand.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is no information regarding the entertainment options in the Stonyfield Café website. However, the website content stresses the importance of organic foods hence giving the impression that people who eat in the restaurant are health conscious.
As Spang (2000) wrote, restaurants confer status to their customers, and the health conscious Americans would no doubt want to be associated with a restaurant like Storyfield Café.
Overall, the Storyfield café website is user-friendly, and seems to have been designed with a specific target in mind.
Re-naming the WebPages to make them unambiguous is one of the recommended actions that the café should consider doing. Additionally, the Café needs to consider improving its ‘About Us’ webpage. As Eisenberg (2006) aptly puts it, such a page gives the website owner a chance to communicate to the customer and cement a long-term relationship with him or her.
Bayfront Convention Center Website Bayfront Convention Center’s website has an easy to investigate menu. The ‘About Us’ page contains information about the convention center, which includes the location and the services offered. The prices for the services offered are laid out in the ‘Schedule’ webpage, while the contact information and the location details are give n in the ‘About Us’ page.
No entertainment options are given, although one can access different attractions on the ‘Eerie attractions’ webpage. The website does not state the convention center’s hours of operation, but anyone willing to confirm this may make a direct call using the phone number provided in the ‘About Us’ page.
A notable weakness in the website is the rather blank-looking home page.
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Bayfront Convention center needs to improve the home page since it does not make much of an impression to a first time visitor. Developing content for the page would be an advisable thing to do.
Long Island Catering Halls The Long Island Catering Halls website is a rather detailed, but congested website. On accessing the website, one gets the impression that it is more of a marketing tool, than an information-providing channel for the customer.
Navigating the website is easy, since all menus are well-labeled. However, the website has given much emphasis to the marketing-related menus, hence relegating some of the menus that may interest the costumer to less prominent positions on the website.
For instance, the ‘About Us’ page is located at the bottom of the landing page, while ‘Promotion
The Ten Most Influential First Ladies Expository Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
A First lady being the wife of a president has roles to carry out in a nation. Depending on her interests she has the right to choose what she would like to be involved with in her husband’s leadership.
In the United States there have been first ladies and their popularity depended on the roles they have played in the nation. Most of them have used their position to put an impact in the society. This paper will look at the top ten influential first ladies in the United States and their impact in the nation.
Hillary Clinton is one of the influential first ladies. She was born in1947 and got married to Bill Clinton in 1975. She had interest in implementation of policies especially in health care section and she worked fully towards her interest. She fought for women and children welfare.
She became a junior senator after his husbands’ term. In 2008 she ran for the presidency but later stepped down and supported Barrack Obama. She is now the secretary of state. Michelle Robinson is a first lady and the wife of the current president of United States. She is known for her love to all people and has shown interest in assisting working and military families.
Rosalynn Carter is another influential first lady who was born in 1927and got married to Jimmy Carter in 1946. She is known for participating in many cabinet meetings and always stood for mental health issues. Betty Ford was the wife of Gerald Ford. She emphasized on equal rights amendment and legalization of abortion.
She openly spoke out her personal experiences on breast cancer and how she went through the treatment. She involved her self in creating awareness on breast cancer. Eleanor Roosevelt was the wife of Franklin Roosevelt. She was influential and inspiring. She emphasized on education to all.
Another influential first lady was Jacqueline Kennedy who was born in 1929. She was the wife of John Kennedy. She was associated with fashion and dignity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Abigail Fillmore was the wife of Millard Fillmore. She was known for teaching her husband. She participated in formation of the white house library by selecting books to be stored in it after it was designed. There was no library before in the white house. Sarah Polk was the wife of James K. Polk. She wrote speeches and wrote correspondences for him. She also used entertained officials.
Dolley Madison was a first lady and wife of James Madison. She valued the white house treasures and saved them during the war of 1812 to protect them when the white house was destroyed. Barbara Pierce was the wife of George H.W. Bush. She was loved by all for her support of events such as AIDS awareness, education and homelessness.
Kurt Cobain: Pure Devotion Killed a “Rock Star” Essay cheap essay help
Kurt Cobain is one of the most prominent personalities of the American rock’n’roll culture, he “has been hailed as the first true rock’n’roll star of the nineties”. His music band Nirvana created a new image of rock music and made the basis for a new music style that is still extremely popular.
Cobain was not only a talented singer and song-writer, but an extraordinary personality devoted to his work and very different from other stars that are willing to sacrifice anything to get success, money or honor.
The suicide he committed was a shock for his fans and rock music industry as a whole. There are many arguments around true reasons of his death: mental disorders, drug addiction or writer’s block. At any rate, he was tired of struggling with all these problems and, as one of his songs says, preferred “Rather Be Dead Than Be Cool”.
Since Kurt was a child, “he told everybody who would listen that he was going to be a “big rock star” one day” and he became one. He was a very talented child and liked drawing, listening to the Beatles songs and playing baseball. He was a very active and sociable boy until his parent’s diverse.
It is quite possible that it was “a first drop” that contributed to his future mental disorders and suicide. In that time, he began taking drugs to overcome his loneliness. At the age of 14, he started playing the guitar and singing.
In 1987, he started his own band Nirvana that changed the face of rock music from heavy metal to grunge literally. In 1991, Nirvana released the shocking album “Nevermind,” “the first time a grunge band had received live national television exposure, “Nevermind” became the № 1 spot on the Billboard charts, becoming the best-selling album in the nation” (2 Heaven). He was in the spotlight of media, he was called a hero and true rock star.
During that time, he increased taking drugs and… he started to make suicide attempts even though, he had fame and great love affair with Courtney Love, “most agree that his periodic heroin use became a full-fledged habit around the time Nevermind was released”
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to psychological trauma of his child, writing block and anxiety about too much media attention contributed to his mental instability. His mental problem was serious. According to his biographer Christopher Sandford, “Cobain showed virtually no capacity for power. Easily, led, self-obsessed, over-indulged, he lacked anything resembling an ethical centre. He was incomplete. Cobain was also sick, bipolar disorder resulting in alternate bouts of depression and mania”.
It was caused by the feeling that he betrayed his faith as his roots were underground music scene, and after the success of “Nevermind”, he could not make songs as he wanted and could see himself as an icon of Grunge. He was tired of struggling with serious mental problems or stomachache and drug addiction:
“ Cobain’s suicide note would end with the words, “Thank you from the pit of my burning, nauseous stomach”. He blamed “a lot of [his] mental problems” on the fact that he awoke each day “with a better than even chances of feeling dead”.
Furthermore, there were other suggestions about what could led Cobain to suicide. One of them is that he had a “suicide gene”, as ““two of Leland’s brothers had killed themselves years earlier, fueling the most common of all the clichés about Kurt’s own fate – that he had somehow inherited the “suiside gene” Love and death Finally, he chose to take his life over lying to himself and his fans.
He committed suicide with a shotgun at his home in Seattle in 1994. Thus, we can see that there were many premises for suicide and one person could hardly cope up with all of them, especially a person that was so talented and extraordinary as Kurt Cobain. According to Malcolm Butt,
“The words “Rock’n’ Roll Suicide” came so easily – and Kurt Cobain’s demise had all the elements. From a coma induced by a tranquilliser-and-champagne cocktail in Rome (now regarded as a first suicide attempt), to the tales of long-term heroin addiction, to the self-pitying note he left behind – it was a sage of self-destruction that made Cobain look like nothing more than a Nineties Sid Vicious”.
Many people of art, who are much subjected to emotions, ended up their lives in suicide. No one can say what were true reasons for their decisions, but one fact is certain, they could not bear pressure of the outside world and found solution in death. Kurt Cobain is one of the most talented personalities of the 20th century.
We will write a custom Essay on Kurt Cobain: Pure Devotion Killed a “Rock Star” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He made a great contribution to the development of the modern rock music. As the one who led a constant struggle with stomach pain and mental disorders, he tried to find solution in drugs.
His suicide is a consequence of crucial coincidences that impacted his body and soul. No matter what made him commit a suicide, he will always remain in hearts of his fans as an icon of rock music and great person.
Notes Malcolm Butt, Kurt Cobain: The Cobain Dossier (New York: Plexus Publishing, 2006), 23.