Introduction Since inception at Bretton, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) have undergone several transformations in their roles of supporting the global financial architecture. There is some significant progress regarding the globalization of commercial architecture, which has a great boost to foreign operation and private investment.
Poor performance due to poorly managed developed or developing institutions led to the re-examination of the role state in curbing mismanagement and therefore enhancing the shift of these roles to other private market-based approaches. These transformations make the private international finance trusts as well as the entrepreneurship sectors to play the main role in ensuring economic development besides lending.
This paper is a discussion of the roles played by the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) in their mandate to assist by collaborating with the private sectors in pursuit for adjusting the techniques to suit the required market-oriented developments. What role do the financial institutions play in ensuring clear principles of economic growth commitments?
The twenty-first century requires procedures and measure that enhance the transformation of global scenarios. Today the International financial institutions (IFIs) are increasingly engaging countries that are economically poor into investing in resourceful developments that support economic growth. (IFC Magazine, 2010)
This has been possible to achieve due to the strict measures taken over violations involving the internationally applied humanitarian laws. There are various hindrances to the role of IFIs to act as agents of promoting and ensuring adherence to international humanitarian laws.
These obstacles include countries structural and political concerns. The institutions, however, have the advantage by the fact of being in a position of publically making harsh utterances against such countries, indicating the country’s level of tolerating violations or ability to absorb them. They can place weight behind the humanitarian law thus forcing those in need of support to abide by the rules. (Viknin, 2005)
With this reasoning, they have the leading role in investigating a country’s commitment to impunity before loaning or funding projects. The institutions have the communal role of influencing engagement even if symbolically meant for financial considerations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The steady growth of the private developing markets contributes hugely to fill the needed investment of flowing capital. The institutions support the growth of the savings gap in the developing nations and reduce people dependency by diversifying and sourcing funds in terms of strategically planned investments.
According to Wogan (2010), the financial institutions use the flow of private capital to fill the financial gaps by conveying technologies, changing the market behaviors, investing in the enhancement of managerial skills and funds distribution channels. They thus have a crucial role in assessing the impact resulting from the flow of private capital on the developing economies.
The international financial bodies have to play the role of changing market positions. The traditional objectives of some of these institutions such as the World Bank and the IMF entail elevation of poverty in developing countries, enhancing measures that promote economic growth and protection of the environment.
Other institutions like the EBRD have come up with a special role of fostering transition of its operations to cover the open market economies by raising the living standards of those involved with borrowing through enlightening and expanding their rights as well as guiding in their primary choices.
In line with the World Bank reports (2002), currently, the financial institutions are face up to fostering development through expansion of the private sector opportunities of developing economic goals. They have to ensure the poor participate in activities supporting environmentally sustainable growth.
The institutions can ensure this growth by assisting the governments’ role of creating the conditions necessary for market-orientation towards the achievements and by being participants in investing.
They ought to work with the private sectors to expand to become participating investors in the private sectors by improving the flow of working capital. Generally, the role fosters the tradition role of stabilizing the macroeconomic firms as well as ensuring provision of the required physical, legal and authoritarian infrastructure.
We will write a custom Essay on Roles of international financial institutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In collaborating with the private sectors, the financial institutions are obliged to think like them by subject to the dynamics of opportunities in the market. They thus meet the challenges of enhancing creativity and flexibility to respond to market needs efficiently.
This was evidential when the World Bank transformed to an infrastructure back in pursuit of uplifting the private sectors since they were highly influential to the economic growth and was less venerable to corruption. (2002) the support of the private establishments requires the lenders to abide by the flexibility and confidentiality involved in privatized operations. Engagement with new role comes with additional facilities such as accountability and further commercial risk analysis, avoidance and control cultures. (Mirza, 2006)
They have a crucial role in coming up with operational principals for well-run institutions. They aim to expand the private sectors; therefore they should stay clear of those activities that the segments are in a good position to handle and instead engage in activities that make an immense contribution to the transitional process of economic growth.
They have the role of engaging other financial institutions to assist in placing down the funding required for a chosen investment. This is a vital role in the transition process and the achievement of a broader perspective for development.
Today the financial institutions have the role of funding the building of other financial institutions in the local markets. This is a measure to strengthen their capital base through investing in projects offering broad perspectives.
There is an urgent need for well functioning monetary branches to fulfill the role played by the financial lending institutions in fulfilling the market economies. They act as intermediaries to collect savings and invest them in the aim of commanding hard budgetary allocations into the economic recovery endeavors that enhance development.
One of the traditional roles played by the financial institution entails financing of efficient infrastructure. (IFC Magazine, 2006) The constraints experienced on most of the budgetary allocations means that further commercially oriented investments are required for enhancing access to the private financial sectors. Relevant markets disciplines ought to strengthen control of costs and minimize risks as a measure of providing revenue as a discipline introduced by the financial institutions today.
Conclusion A new focus on the market-oriented economies is highly supporting the flow of capital invested mainly in the private sector. The primary support by the majority of the financial institutions seems to shift goals to the development of the private sector by capitalizing on their strengths while minimizing the risks involved.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Roles of international financial institutions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The private markets and capital flows involved are powerful forces that represent significant opportunities for growth. The financial institutions ought to provide clear principals regarding the selection and design. By supporting the private sectors, the financial institutions aim to encourage or influence them into promoting the industries that they are not able to reach.
A well-built financial and physical infrastructure creates jobs opportunities and enables broad market growths. Considering the various roles of the institutions, they can meet the high social and environmental standards of the companies by enhancing procedures to be followed by clients, which they teach during their projects support processes or advisory services to support financing projects.
References IFC magazine. (2010) Role of international financial institutions. Web.
Mirza, A. (2006). Managing Risk in the Financial Sector. Web.
The World Bank. 2002. Global Development Finance. Washington DC European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Transition Report 2000. London.
Vaknin, Ph.D., S. (2005). Financial Crises, Global Capital Flows, and the International Financial Architecture.
Wogan, J. (2010). The Importance and Role of the Bank of England. Web.
Analysis of Gypsy Life Report writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Who are Gypsies? Hunters, entertainers, potters, horse traders or knife sharpeners? There has been intense stereotyping about Gypsies’ lives over the years. Fortunately, Jan Yoors, an outsider from Belgium lived with these people long enough to confirm or reject the stereotypes.
Born in Belgium, Jan Yoors ran away from his family at the age of twelve and stayed with the Gypsies for six years before returning home at the age of eighteen. His father then allowed him to spend time with the Gypsies once a year thereafter. As a member of a wandering band, Kumpania, which was part of the Gypsies, Jan Yoors stands the best chance to confirm or discard some of the claims that have been made about the Gypsies by many writers.
The Stereotypes There are many reasons that underlie the low position that the Gypsies occupied in the mainstream society. They did not have concrete religion and most of them led nomadic lifestyles. Moreover, the Gypsies had different body features and stature. All these factors set them apart, making them to stand out in a crowd and this may have contributed to their segregation and stereotyping. One of the stereotypes is that the Gypsies were lonely and gloomy.
According to Bellman, “If the author needs loneliness and gloom, this is what the Gypsies represent” (76). This is not true. According to Yoors, these people were friendly, social, and hospitable. “We all sat merrily together. The suggestive scratching had ceased and there were no Gaje left among us. Not suspecting the ruse, they had fled before the implications of vermin” (Yoors 26).
How would lonely and gloomy people sit together and exchange pleasantries as indicated in the above excerpt? Jan Yoors comes out clearly to point out that these people were friendly contrary to what many writers have tried to imply. It is a common phenomenon that the minority groups in society are in most cases overlooked.
The mainstream society does not take time to study and understand the values and principles of these minority groups. Consequently, a lot of misinformation abides and as new generations come and go, the misconstrued information becomes a fact. This is the case with the Gypsies; however, credit goes to Jan Yoors for relating his own experience with these people.
Another stereotype is that the Gypsies were criminals and immoral. For instance, in his work, Bellman says, “If a threatening criminal class is called for, particularly where theft is concerned, the Gypsies can always serve; if one simply needs a group of wonderers, the Gypsies come immediately to mind. They also do yeoman’s duty, as the personification of sexual infidelity; particularly, in cases where circumstances have led one’s characters into temptation” (76).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this case, Jan Yoors approves these allegations of immorality and refutes them. For instance, in a move that refutes the claims of sexual immorality, Yoors notes, “The following morning, after the display of the bridal bed linen, the mother-in-law assisted the bride in knotting her kerchief after the fashion of the married women” (75).
Again, Yoors points out that, “Malicious gossip would have it that so and so had taken a pigeon along on her bridal night; for it was necessary that there should be blood for all to see as proof of virginity” (39).
In these two cases, Jan Yoors indicates that there had to be a proof of virginity when a man slept with his wife for the first time. There had to a ‘bridal bed linen’ that had to be stained with blood the following morning to prove that the woman was a virgin. This fact eliminates the possibility of sexual immorality.
In early days, it was a common dream of every young girl to get married. Therefore, it would be expected that every girl would conserve her virginity until marriage not to fail the ‘virginity test’ the morning after marriage. Therefore, sexual immorality was not as ripe amongst the Gypsies as Bellman and others would want to put it.
However, on another occasion Yoors seems to support the issue of sexual immorality among the Gypsies. “There was a slight fullness in the way the ample faded lilac skirt and the low cut yellow blouse were draped around the well rounded but still slender shape of her young body, which I had never noticed before. Somehow, it was the first time I had ever paid any attention to her at all, even though we lived side by
side in the same kumpania. In her colorful if ragged and faded dress she struck me incongruously as a tender Gypsy Madonna, as seen in a dream” (Yoors 65). He also adds, “once in a while I looked in our compartment, finding it hard to resist staring at sweet little Mozol” (66). The woman in this excerpt seems to be seducing Jan Yoors who also confesses that he could not resist the temptation of ogling. Even though this does not indicate direct sexual immorality, these events precede sexual immorality.
Finally, there has been the stereotype that the Gypsies were violent, uncivilized and criminals. Polansky points out that, “the gypsies therefore were regarded as rude, wild, and dangerous strangers” (para. 9). From Jan Yoors book, The Gypsies, these allegations are true. “They were going to enact a scene of abduction.
We will write a custom Report on Analysis of Gypsy Life specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For, even though the parents had agreed upon the marriage and paid the bridal price and the union had been celebrated with a festive meal, the bride still had to surrender to her new husband. …when we approached the spot, we witnessed a wild fight that nobody could have anticipated. In the half-dark a handful of young men were trying to disentangle three youths fighting in a blind frenzy.
We were told that Tsinoro’s son had half heartedly pretended to abduct the bride, who appeared more willing to go than was proper for a virgin. She had sighed to convey alarm, but those present claimed it was almost a sigh of pleasure. Upon which her younger brother; Fonso, took offence…” (Yoors 69).
These are violent behaviors. Despite the fact that parents had agreed bridal price and settled everything, they had to abduct the bride. A short distance from where Jan Yoors and his friends were standing, a fight had broken out following a foiled abduction. These acts portray primitivism that permeated the Gypsies lifestyles for a long time.
Conclusion The Gypsy life has long been stereotyped. Some of these stereotypes are true while others are not. Jan Yoors, having spent enough time with these people confirms this.
It is clear that the Gypsies were not gloomy and lonely as many writers depicted them to be. They would marry and socialize and this eliminates the myth of loneliness and gloominess. Moreover, these people were great musicians, a profession that cannot be occupied by lonely and gloomy hearts. Concerning immorality, one would conclude that it was unacceptable before marriage but thereafter people would tolerate it to some extent based on Jan Yoors accounts.
Finally, the claims that the Gypsies were violent are true. The way they would get their brides depicts sheer violence and primitivism. Therefore, Jan Yoors finds some of the stereotypes as true while others as false. His work is amazing as it gives new insight into the life of Gypsies without bias. His is a true story based on experience not fiction.
Works Cited Bellman, Jonathan. “Stereotypes: The Gypsies in Literature and Popular Culture”. The Style Hongrois in the Music of Western Europe. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1993.
Polansky, Paul. “Original Research on Gypsies”. 2006. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of Gypsy Life by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Yoors, Jan. “The Gypsies.” Waveland Press, 1967.
Music of the Spheres: The Analysis of the Concept and its Application to Modern Days Essay essay help free: essay help free
Introduction The variety of philosophical concepts is impressive indeed, and the approach that unites philosophy and music usually attracts the attention of many people due to its extraordinary nature. The Music of the Spheres is considered to be one of such concepts, the essence of which lies in the unity of proportions between celestial bodies and planets. This kind of music is not audible but sensing; this is why mathematical, religious, and harmonic concepts need to be taken into consideration.
Pythagoras was one of the first philosophers, who introduced that ethereal type of music and proved the possibility of connection geometry, philosophy, and music. “Impressed by the harmonious scale of sounds from the beating hammers, Pythagoras went into the iron-worker’s shop to discover how this untutored hammering could produce harmoniously related sounds.”
The idea of the Music of the Spheres was developed through many centuries; within a certain period of time, it was discovered that all stars, planets, and even galaxies were able to resonate in accordance with rather appealing mystical symphony and create a celestial harmony, a new type of music, the Music of the Spheres that can be heard by people from time to time.
Historical Background of the Music of the Spheres Pythagoras and his impact on the Music of the Spheres development. Pythagoras was one of the philosophers whose attempts to discover the connection of number and harmony were successful. He spent much time with hammers and studied thoroughly the ways these hammers produced the sounds.
His first finding was that all hammers produced sounds in certain proportions in accordance with their weights: by means of changing weight, Pythagoras created new sounds. “Pythagoreans’ religious reverence for numbers was overstimulated, and the belief that numbers each posses an encrypted meaning remained strongly associated with the study of musical harmony for nearly two thousand years” (Barrow 238).
It was not very difficult to believe that more extreme forms may produce sounds, considering own weights. Pythagoras was the first one, who offered the idea of moving celestial bodies and their possibility to produce tones with different speed. With time, it was discovered that those musical tones could present definite musical sounds and a harmony that became known as the Music of the Spheres.
The concept of the Music of the Spheres becomes important. Many sophisticate philosophers try to present a clear explanation of why the concept of the Music of the Spheres should be considered seriously and respectfully. William Gray’s words may be used as a powerful ground to start with:
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Living under the shade of trees by day and under the stars at night, with a roof over one’s head only when it rains or when asleep, it is natural that one should gaze at the stars, see many splendid meteors, and take much note of the coming and going of the moon, and the rising and setting of the constellations.
People are able to enjoy the nature around with its gifts, mysteries, and views. If people use their skills and awareness to observe, they should be able to use the same abilities to hear everything around. This celestial music is everywhere and nowhere; it is the music of movements between the planets, the members of our solar system. If mathematicians can define numbers, musicians create melodies, and philosophers introduce concepts, it should be possible to unite their actions and present something that touches upon every sphere.
Kepler and the Music of the Spheres. Johannes Kepler also tried to define this concept with the help of his own investigations. He discovered that “the pitch of the note emitted by each planet had to related to the orbital period. Orbits could not be random, then, but had to follow precise numerical principles, the same as those governing the laws of musical harmony” (Balbi 81).
If Pythagoras offered a philosophical approach to comprehend the essence of a new concept of the Music of the Spheres and defined it as a kind of music, the ideas of Kepler were more scientific by nature. He wanted to unite music and numbers and present the necessary order for each movement and sound.
Current State of Affairs that May Help to Comprehend the Idea of the Music of the Spheres Nowadays, people forget about the significance of philosophical concepts and their unbelievable power. Some people may think that the Music of the Spheres is the idea that is inherent to some crazy person, who has nothing to do but try to listen to the celestial sounds with its harmony and technique. However, if we analyze the essence of the Music of the Spheres deeper, we may clear up that any music is a unity of vibrations, which create certain sounds in a meaningful way.
Music takes place even if a person cannot hear it from the very beginning, this is why it is possible to believe that people may forget about some philosophical concepts and forget about the ideas of Pythagoras. This is why they cannot hear this music, but still, it is not the reason to think about this music impossibility.
Conclusion In spite of the fact that the Music of the Spheres is one of the oldest philosophical concepts, its necessity is noticeable nowadays. Every person gets a chance to enjoy the gifts of our nature, and this celestial harmony is one of these gifts. Thought it is not literally audible, it should be regarded as religious, mathematical, and of course philosophical concept that makes people look at their lives in a different way and manner.
We will write a custom Essay on Music of the Spheres: The Analysis of the Concept and its Application to Modern Days specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Balbi, Amedeo. The Music of the Big Bang: The Cosmic Microwave Background and the New Cosmology. New York: Springer, 2008.
Barrow, John, D. The Artful Universe Expanded. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Gray, William, C. Musings by Camp-Fire and Wayside. Chicago: BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2009.
Footnotes Barrow, John, D. The Artful Universe Expanded. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005, 237
Gray, William, C. Musings by Camp-Fire and Wayside. Chicago: BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2009, 81.
Farm Households and Wage Labor in the Northeastern Maritimes in the 19th Century Report essay help online
This article is entitled “Farm Households and Wage Labor in the Northeastern Maritimes in the 19th Century” written by Rusty Bitterman. Elementary, this article focuses on wage labor amongst farm households especially in the Maritimes in early 19th century. Primarily, resource-based economies were prevalent in the maritime and they included agricultural and non-agricultural practices.
There was plenty of land and therefore any person would access the land and make a living out of it. “With a wife and axe, an industrious man might carve out a handsome competence and become truly rich and independent” (Bitterman, 1993, p. 14).
However, apart from farm household labors, people got involved in waged labor. Bittterman points out that the main reason why people got involved in waged labor was to institute and maintain their own farms. Farming requires resources to run it.
For instance, for a farmer to start farming, he or she requires farm inputs and seeds on top of labor to get the farming underway. This need to have money to support such events explains why many farmers assumed two roles; that is, being casual laborers or wage earners and at the same time being farmers tilling their own lands.
The article points out that, the fact that most of the people around the maritime had two jobs, class distinction between wage earners and farmers was outstandingly missing. Consequently, there was no clear-cut class identity in those times and neither could the prevailing environment allow establishment of the same.
The ideal of an independent farmer was to cultivate his or her land, raise families, and be independent. Independence, wealth accumulation and raising families was the dream of every farmer in the maritime. Bitterman (1993) says one would become “…truly rich and independent” (p. 14). However, despite the desire to become independent, these farmers had to become wage earners; a move that seemed to take away their most craved independence.
So, how did wage labor fit into the lives of families striving to attain this ideal in the Maritimes? In this article, Rusty Bitterman gives a valid explanation of why farmers engaged in wage labor and how this fitted in their lives to attain the ideal farmer status in the maritime.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More During this period of early 19th century, most farmers were illiterate and amateurs in any profession. Therefore, to become independent and rich, these people had to work as wage earners to partly support their farming practices and supplement their earnings from the poorly cultivated lands. The fact that these farmers were not skilled in any filed implies that even the farming they did they did it poorly and consequently the production was low.
On the other hand, in the wage labor, unskilled labor dominated the arena implying that production was poor hence poor payment. Due to lack of education, there were no set employment rules that would counter check any form of exploitation.
Therefore, these conditions starting with poor farming practices which, resulting into poor yields and faced with the need of every farmer to be independent and rich, forced the farmers to take up non-farming activities to earn some income that would maintain their farms and provide for their families as aforementioned. This phenomenon explains how wage labor fitted into the lives of farmers and their families and still maintained their ideal status in the maritime.
However, the writer was not convinced by the author’s argument. There are some critical concerns that the writer raises in this case. For instance, the claim that farmers were independent during that time is not substantial. The article stresses the fact that there was massive paternalism between employees who partly happened to be farmers and employers who were merchants and land rulers.
With this regard, independence of the farmers remains in question because their wage earning part of livelihood lay in the hands of these prominent and rich coteries of the society. To say that the farmers were independent because they cultivated their farms is null.
It is clear that the farmers were not producing enough farm products to sustain them and their families giving them the independence and wealth that they craved. Actually, the article points out clearly that the reason why many farmers engaged in wage labors was to supplement their poor incomes from farming. This implies that these same farmers had to go looking for wage labors from the same individuals who were out to exploit them.
This implies that independence and richness was not anywhere close to these farmers as claimed in the article. The article to some extent insinuates that the only people who did not have independence were the working class. This holds some truth. However, the farmers were part of the working class because they got involved in waged labor at some point. Towards the end of the article Bitterman points out that, more farmers engaged in wage labor as time went on.
We will write a custom Report on Farm Households and Wage Labor in the Northeastern Maritimes in the 19th Century specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Bitterman, there were two classes of people; wage laborers and farmers. However, a new class of wage earners cum farmers emerged and this is where independence of farmers got lost. As long as they worked as wage earners, they remained under the mercies of merchants and rich landowners and were subject to exploitation.
Reference List Bitterman, R. (1993). Farm Households and Wage Labor in the Northeastern Maritimes In the 19th Century. Web.
Hydrologic Cycle and Its Importance to the Earth Analytical Essay best essay help: best essay help
Water is the basis and source of all living being on the Earth, and there is hardly a place on our planet where water is not present. Without exclusion, all the four great constituents of the Earth system contain water: in biosphere water is the component of the living beings; in lithosphere it constitutes a part of various minerals; atmosphere contains water vapors; not to mention the hydrosphere, the sole essence of which is water.
Travelling between those reservoirs in the great hydrologic cycle, water assists in moving materials among all of them, and this movement bears both constructive and destructive consequences for the geological processes of the planet.
The hydrologic cycle refers to the movement of water from one system into another and can be summed up in the following way. The water contained in the ocean evaporates as a result of exposure to solar energy, and the steam moves into the atmosphere where it condenses into clouds due to lower temperatures.
In various forms of precipitation (rain, hail or snow) water falls back to the ocean or land. Some water may then return to the atmosphere by means of transpiration and evaporation. Otherwise it may be infiltrated into the ground through small openings in the soil where it flows into underwater reservoirs and possibly becomes parts of minerals remaining in the lithosphere.
A small amount of water is detained in the biosphere, while the precipitation that does not infiltrate gets back to the ocean as surface runoff. Thus the processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, evaporation, and infiltration play a key role in the hydrologic cycle. (Murck, Skinner,
Bipolar Disorder and Its Main Phases Research Paper essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Signs and Symptoms
Diagnosis and Assessment
Introduction Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive disorder refers to psychiatric condition that entails varied mood swings whereby an individual experiences episodes of intense mood swings.
These mood swings are different from the normal mood swings because they are so intense such that they interfere with normal body functioning ((Maj, Akiskal and López-Ibor, 2002, p. 6). The episodes involved here range from extreme levels of mania to the extreme lows of depression. As a result, there is a budge in energy, behavior, and thinking affecting an individual negatively.
Causes Until now, there has not been any established cause of bipolar disorder. However, researches indicate that this disorder may result from imbalances in neurotransmitters, brain chemicals that if not balanced throws mood-regulating mechanisms off balance leading to mood swings.
There have been speculations that this condition maybe genetically inherited which acts as a predisposing factor. Generally, these causes are believed to be of genetic, biochemical and environmental nature (Maj, Akiskal and López-Ibor, 2002, p. 520). There is a strong link between bipolar disorder and depression. Substance abuse may also lead to this condition.
Signs and Symptoms Signs and symptoms of this disorder vary in different situations in terms of frequency, severity, and pattern. This disorder occurs in four phases each with characteristic signs. The four phases, which also qualify as types are; mania, hypomania, depression and mixed episodes ((Maj, Akiskal and López-Ibor, 2002, p. 522).
During the mania phase, individuals have increased energy levels accompanied by euphoria and creativity. Individuals experiencing this phase are hyperactive, extroverted and they rarely sleep. They dream big and think that they are invincible. However, despite these feelings of greatness, this phase gets out of control easily. Individuals may become unrealistic, unable to concentrate and this often leads to delusions and hallucinations.
Hypomania, which is a less form of mania as the name suggests, does not get to the extremes of mania. Though individuals experience similar symptoms as those of mania, they do not lose touch with reality and they are almost normal. This is the transition stage between mania and depression and it can progress either way.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The depression phase is marked by hopelessness, sadness, tiredness, irritation coupled with mental and physical lethargy. Additionally, individuals may experience insomnia, loss of appetite. Combination of these conditions leads to feelings of hopelessness and at times is suicidal.
The mixed episode phase entails a mixture of depression, mania, and hypomania feelings. This mixture is the greatest predisposing factor of suicide amongst bipolar mania victims.
Diagnosis and Assessment Diagnosis includes a doctor taking medical history of the patient including existence of the same in the family history. There is also physical examination to rule out other conditions like AIDS, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and diabetes among others. These conditions produce symptoms similar to those of bipolar disorder.
In absence of any other disease, an individual can be diagnosed with bipolar disorder. However, given the complexity of the condition, it may be very difficult to diagnose an individual with bipolar disorder and it may take well over 10 years before doing a complete diagnosis (Cassano, Dell’Osso and Frank, 1999, p. 320). Getting early diagnosis reduces the aforementioned risk of suicide among others like divorce and truancy.
Control While there are no known clear-cut prevention methods, susceptible individuals can be trained to notice early signs of mood swing episodes. After detecting any early sign, it is advisable to seek medical advice to prevent escalation of the condition leading to either mania or depression.
Individuals should continue taking medicines to full dosage even after their moods have stabilized to prevent unnecessary recurrence. Victims should not expect treatment to fix all their problems; contrary, they should live healthy lifestyles that support sanity of mind and well-being. Avoid antidepressants for they have been known to lead to depression and mania.
Treatment Bipolar disorder treatment is highly recommended. Research indicates that treating primary episodes, which prevents progression to mania or depression, is one of the greatest goals an individual can achieve. Treatment involves administration of lithium and lamictal to stabilize mood (Cassano, Dell’Osso and Frank, 1999, p. 321).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Bipolar Disorder and Its Main Phases specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, psychotherapy comes in handy in overcoming stress, depression, mania and mixed episodes. Counseling helps largely especially when individuals have lost touch with reality and is over ambitious. Currently researchers are working on acupuncture to introduce it as an alternative treatment of bipolar condition.
Conclusion Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric disorder that entails varied episodes of mood swings. There are four main phases of this condition and they include; mania, hypomania, depression, and mixed episode phase. Mania is the extreme whereby one is excited while depression is the other extreme whereby one slumps into apathy and may lead to suicide. Hypomania is the transition point between mania and depression while mixed episode phase entails conditions of all other phases.
The most important thing that an individual can do is to live lifestyles that support sound mindfulness. Bipolar disorder is a condition of the brain and as long as an individual can practice sanity and remain in touch with reality then the challenge of this disorder becomes surmountable.
Reference List Cassano, B., Dell’Osso, L.,
Towards Understanding the Causes of Genetic Diversity Research Paper best college essay help
Man, in all his uniqueness, has managed to conquer the world and its inhabitants for thousands of millennia now. Animals and plants have their own unique characteristics too, at least scientifically as well as biologically.
Scientists and other theorists have been working round the clock to understand the origins and nature of these unique characteristics found in both primate and non-primate organisms (Lahn
Conundrum and Twelfth Night comparison Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Compare and Contrast
Role in Society
Compare and Contrast Conundrum is a true story of Jan Morris hitherto known as James Morris. This transsexual realized that he was not meant to be a man. She says, “I was three or perhaps four years old when I realized that I had been born into the wrong body, and should really be a girl” (1).
James Morris; the man, underwent surgery to become Jan Morris; the woman. On the other hand, Twelfth Night is a movie based on Shakespeare’s play by the same name. In this play, Viola a woman masquerades as a man, Cesario to enter in a service that she really wanted to get involved. This is only a play.
Comparison Twelfth Night compares strongly to a Conundrum. Both are stories of gender change. In Conundrum, James Morris realized that, even though he had been born as a boy, he felt like a woman from deep within. Genetically and phenotypically, James was male; however, he knew that he was a female.
He says, “To me gender is not physical at all, but is altogether insubstantial; it is soul, perhaps, it is talent it is the essentialness of oneself” (25). After consulting with many medical doctors, his dream finally came true and after a successful surgery, James Morris became Jan Morris, a female. This did not stop her from pursuing her dreams and today she is a successful journalist.
On the other side, Twelfth Night talks of a woman, Viola acting as Cesario who masquerades as a man. She fools many people in the play that she is a man until the final stages of the movie when she reveals her identity. Throughout the play, viola is only known as a man; actually, Olivia falls in love with her.
Both Conundrum and Twelfth Night talk about the same thing, change of gender. In both cases, there is change of gender from either male to female or female to male.
Contrast Even though these two stories major on the issue of gender change, there are outstanding differences between them. First, in Conundrum, a man changes permanently into a woman; that is, James Morris becomes Jan Morris. On the other hand, in Twelfth Night, a woman disguises to be a man and people believe it for a long time. While in Twelfth Night gender change is temporal, in Conundrum this change is permanent.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Twelfth Night is fiction but Conundrum is a reality. The motives behind the change of gender in these two stories are different. While Viola masquerades as a man for protection and to enter Dukes service, James Morris undergoes operation to become a female because he knows that he was born a woman.
Role in Society The role of these stories in society is profound. Starting with the fiction part of it, it is educative and entertaining. It appreciates the fact that there are situations when a woman can disguise as a man to achieve a certain purpose. On its part, Conundrum, a real story, is an awakening call.
It plays a main role in letting those people who feel that they were born in the wrong body to come out in public, say it and take the necessary steps towards self-realization and freedom. Just like James Morris, such people yearning for, “liberation, or reconciliation–to live as myself, to clothe myself in a more proper body, and achieve Identity at last” (104) can finally have it.
Works Cited Gorrie, John, “Twelfth Night.” DVD. Buena Vista International. 1980.
Morris, Jay. “Conundrum.” New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1974.
Efficient Supply Chain Management Processes Research Paper essay help online
Introduction While the importance of proficient supply chain operations augments, organizations are obliged to make their processes incorporated with their chains of supply.
It is significant to have a proficient supply chain, in view of the fact that the supply chain management does not only include the management of the connection between the various stakeholders, but also brings into line the achievements of the organization in realizing its corporate objectives. Nevertheless, the current global and competitive business environment necessitates a number of obligations for the organizations.
For them to take part in the markets and maintain their lead, organizations are obliged to adopt various approaches founded on a good relationship with the customers, suppliers, retailers, and subsidiaries. Consequently, a number of novel strategies and pioneering managements ought to be established in the supply chain management processes. This paper discusses efficient supply chain management processes.
Supply chain management (SCM) is the “integration of key business processes from initial raw material extraction to the final or end customer, including all intermediate processing, transportation, and storage activities and final sale to the end-product customer” ( Wisner et al., 28).
Supply chain is “a set of three or more companies directly linked by one or more of the upstream and downstream flows of products, services, finances, and information from a source to a customer” (Mentzer, 5; Mentzer et al., 18). SCM assumes that all companies that take part in the process of distributing goods and services to the end users are constituents of a network, pipeline, or supply chain.
It involves all things that are needed to ensure that the consumers are contented and takes account of the products they will purchase, the methods of their manufacture, and the modes of transporting them. The supply chain philosophy ascertains that the consumers get the best products at an appropriate time, at a desirable price and within the preferred locality. The rise in rivalry, intricacy, and geographical scope in the business environment has resulted in this broadened scope.
The advance in information and technology has led to optimization of supply chain performance. The advent of the internet has played a pivotal role in the movement of messages within the companies in a supply chain. Companies that have adhered to SCM principles have reported considerable cost and cycle time reductions, for instance, Wal-Mart Stores Inc. reported rise in inventory turns and lowering of out-of-stock events.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An essential principle of SCM is to observe the system of facilities, processes, and individuals who acquire raw materials, change them into manufactured goods, and eventually deliver them to the consumers as an amalgamated chain, instead of a cluster of different, but to some extent connected duties.
The significance of this amalgamation cannot be overemphasized since the connections between the chains are the means of realizing the ultimate objective. As much as each company can have a supply chain, it does not imply that each company is able to manage optimally their supply chain to yield increased benefits.
Although SCM is not complex in theory, it develops increased intricacies in practice as the company’s size and variety of products becomes larger. SCM is also intricate for the reason that companies may form constituents of a number of pipelines simultaneously.
Elements of a supply chain The first element of a supply chain is production. Strategic decisions concerning production centers on the requirements of the consumers and the change in market trends as this is vital in meeting the goals of the organization. This initial phase in building up supply chain agility is concerned with the amount of products to manufacture and the various constituents that are to be produced.
These strategic decisions concerning manufacturing should at the same time center on facilities available, value and quantity of the products to be made, while taking into consideration the requirements of the end-users. Alternatively, operational decisions centers on programming various operations within the organization, keeping equipment in good working condition and attending to the immediate needs of the customers. The maintenance of quality should be adhered to throughout the production process.
The second element is supply. A company should be concerned with the capacity of their production to manufacture competent and good quality goods at minimized costs. However, a number of organizations are not able to give the required performance with the production of all the parts needed.
Outsourcing is a good option to be reflected especially for parts that a company is unable to manufacture efficiently. Organizations should cautiously choose suppliers for raw materials based on developing velocity, quality and flexibility at minimized costs. In summary, an organization must make strategic decisions to ascertain their abilities to deliver quality products before outsourcing to other companies.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Efficient Supply Chain Management Processes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The next element is inventory. Strategic decisions center on inventory and the quantity of finished goods that should be kept in the stores. A crucial issue exists between holding inventory in excess, which can result in increased costs to the company, and inadequate inventory that can fail to meet the requirements of the consumers.
This delicate balance scenario is critical in successful SCM. Operational inventory decisions are most of the time focused on having adequate inventory levels at every distribution link to cater for unpredictability in the market trends in order to maintain customer loyalty. Control strategies should consider having optimal levels of stock at every point. The subsequent element is location. Location decisions revolve around the fluctuating market demands and meeting the various requirements of the customers.
Strategic decisions should be based on the positioning of manufacturing facilities, distribution networks, and putting them in strategic locations to attract as many customers as possible. Once prime locations are established, lasting decisions should be reached to locate manufacturing and stocking plants to be as near the consumer as possible. In companies where constituents are light in weight and depends on the market trends, the location of the plants must be within the proximity of the customer.
In heavier companies, accessibility to the source of the raw material should be the major concern. Decisions pertaining to location must also take note of tax and tariff issues; particularly where geographical boundaries are major hindrances to successful marketing.
Transportation is another element. Strategic decisions concerning transportation issues are associated with inventory decisions and satisfying the varied consumer requirements. For example, air transportation enables the consumer to get the product faster but at increased costs compared to transportation by sea or rail. However, using sea or rail transport is slower and usually results in accumulation of stock in the store that may fail to provide the consumer with a quick service.
Therefore, it is important to consider that because thirty percent of the overall cost of a product is included in its transport cost, making the right transport decision is crucial. Most of all, consumer service levels should be maintained at all times. Strategically, a company should have adequate measures to make sure that products are delivered timely to the targeted markets (Hugos, 14).
The last element is information. Efficient SCM involves getting information from the position of the final consumer and joining that information throughout the chain to enable its faster flow. Information is used to coordinate daily activities and for forecasting and planning in guiding the schedule of the organization.
Too much use of paperwork and inefficient computer systems are unsuitable in the current competitive business environment. Cultivating the innovation culture needs consistent flow of information within the structure of an organization. Networks that link computers to each other and the use of internet consolidate the flow of vital information in an organization.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Efficient Supply Chain Management Processes by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Relationships within the supply chain Information and various process systems are amalgamated across the whole supply chain. The intricacy of supply chain increases as the goods and services move from one supplier to the next within the distribution network.
The fundamental duties of a company remain the same, not considering whether or not it is following SCM. Suppliers are still needed to provide raw materials while production continues. Distributors are still needed to deliver the products to the consumers for them to purchase. The usual tasks of a company do not change. The eventual disparity in a company that practices SCM is that their attention changes from the occurrences in every link to involve the relationship existing among the various links (Helms, para. 6).
An organization practicing efficient SCM also realizes that the chain has relationships that surpass the usual practices within its framework. Efficient management of the relationships is the place where the integration of the supply chain starts. Whichever enhancements or interruption to the supply chain relationships influences the whole chain.
The collective supply chain outcome of indecision is illustrated in the following instance. Suppose a producer of iron box gets supply of poor quality thermostat, and since the producer is dependent on its supplier for prompt delivery, the poor quality batch leads to late delivery to a number of its customers.
The iron box producer is compelled to stop further production since he or she lacks adequate material. In the end, the customer gets frustrated when he or she fails to get the preferred brand and ends up purchasing from a business rival. This process also has timing costs associated with it since the customer might have made the actual decision to purchase probably some time after delivery of the substandard thermostat.
A number of occurrences take place within the supply chain that is most of the time unexpected. Suppliers may at times deliver materials earlier or later than anticipated. Consumers may increase, decrease, revoke previously assigned orders, or even place large orders. Vehicles used in transportation can break down. Workers can become unwell, refuse to work, or leave the job. Products destined to the market may be of poor quality.
Some time ago, organizations prepared for the unexpected and increased their level of consumer contentment by allowing inventory to rise. However, presently this option is unacceptable since high inventories lead to increased costs of transportation and the possibility of the products becoming out dated thus impairing the flexibility of the organization. All the way through the supply chain, inventory is most of the times generated and held at various places.
A section of the inventory can then be decreased or eradicated thus the organization lowers costs and improves in productivity. Reducing the amount of duration it takes to transport manufactured goods from one link of the chain to the other also reduces the cycle time of the whole chain. Therefore, this enhances the competitiveness of the organization and increases the consumer contentment.
The bullwhip effect Supply chain management gives the required visibility along the chain to increase the performance of the business and if this visibility is lacking up and down the supply chain, the bullwhip effect sets in. Since the consumer demand is most of the time not predictable, organizations ought to forecast demand to correctly position inventory and other available resources.
Forecasts are derived from statistical data and may not be perfectly correct. Since forecast inaccuracies are evident, organizations usually have to deal with an inventory buffer known as the safety stock.
Across the supply chain from the end-user to the one who supplies raw materials, everyone who takes part in supply chain has had increased observed variation in demand and therefore an increased requirement for safety stock. During the times when demand is increasing, down-stream participants’ raises their orders while when demand reduces, the quantity of orders reduce or halt to lower inventory. The effect seen is that variations are increased when a person goes upstream in the supply chain (away from the consumer).
The causes of bullwhip effect can additionally be categorized into behavioral and operational causes. Behavioral causes involve wrong use of base-stock policies, lack of proper sensitivity to feedback and time delays, anxiety over unfulfilled demand, and observed threats of other players’ bounded rationality.
Operational causes include dependent demand processing that comes due to forecast errors and altering of inventory control parameters with each demand perception. Others are lead-time variability, order synchronization due to consolidation of demands and transaction motives, trade promotion and forward buying, and lastly expectation of deficiency.
The bullwhip effect has a number of consequences in the supply chain as is evident in the case of Proctor
Business around the World Research Paper custom essay help
When maintaining international business communication it is vital to be aware of the multiple stylistic peculiarities inherent in communicative processes of various nations and cultures. The present paper focuses on the communicative style, non-verbal communicative practices, and business communication norms of Japanese, Argentinean, and Egyptian cultures, as well as outlines the basic strategies to increase the overall efficiency of cross-cultural communication in business.
Expecting respectful treatment of its tradition, the Japanese culture is ultimately group-oriented. Lasting personal relationship is the basis for long-term trust and respect. The key notion is ‘keeping one’s face’ cool and composed, and not making one’s partner lose his face either.
The style of humility and cooperation dominates communication. The non-verbal side of communication maintains a reserved approach: subtle gestures, infrequent eye-contact, and restricted physical contact are the key characteristics of non-verbal behavior. Certain widespread gestures, such as OK, may be taken wrongly, and traditional pointing at objects is offensive. Handshakes are permitted between business partners.
Based on the national communicative style, Japanese business norms feature strict hierarchical organization of large negotiation teams, with senior management present at each stage of the process. Long-term scheduling and detail-focused approach are fostered, together with reserved and indirect negotiation style. (Katz, 2008c)
The Argentinean culture is group-oriented and focused at lasting and trusting long-term relationships as well. Personal relations rather than company ones are of great importance. Despite the generally warm, friendly, direct, and emotionally open communication, respect of face, dignity, and honor is vital to maintain successful communication.
Non-verbal communication is characterized by maintaining a close proximity and wide use of expressive body language. However, care should be taken with using gestures like “OK”, which is offensive. Frequent eye-contact and physical contact with representatives of the same gender provide positive effects.
Impeccable appearance is a must. Among the norms of business communication, hiring a local intermediary to introduce one’s business and advance and detailed scheduling of the negotiation process are standard. Hierarchy and punctuality are strictly observed. Since the negotiations are long-term oriented, they are held in slow pace and aimed at ‘win-win’ result. Polychronic working style and emotional negotiation techniques are widespread, yet the latter should be employed with care. (Katz, 2008a)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Egyptian culture combines group-orientation with the need for individual interests and preferences. Long-term perspective relationships are built between people, not companies. Face-saving tactics are greeted, together with concealing negative emotions and sharing positive ones.
Indirect communication features flowery rhetoric which may result in ambiguous meaning. Non-verbal communication features close proximity levels and extensive use of gestures, body language, and body- and eye-contact. Since left hand is considered generally unclean, it is not used for handshakes or eating.
Impeccable appearance produces a positive effect. Business norms allow both individuals and teams as negotiators. Aimed at long-term perspective, negotiations go at slow pace with employment of deceptive negotiation techniques but a general positive and persistent attitude. Bribery is often considered as mere gift, but should be used with caution. (Katz, 2008b)
Successful cross-communication presupposes careful planning and background research in accordance with the local norms of the culture. In general, developing long-term trust, mutual respect and cooperation, keeping everyone’s face, as well as avoiding haste and aggression are the keys to success. But in any case in-depth acquaintance with each separate culture is vital to efficient cross-communication.
References Katz, L. (2008a). Negotiating international business — Argentina. Web.
Katz, L. (2008b). Negotiating international business — Egypt. Web.
Katz, L. (2008c). Negotiating international business — Japan. Web.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Business around the World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
A Critical Analysis of Hamlet’s Constant Procrastination in Shakespeare’s Hamlet Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Good vs. evil
Consequences of procrastination
Introduction It is of diminutive doubt that Hamlet is one of the most controversial characters ever created by William Shakespeare. Due to his complexity in persona, critics have over the years ever since the play’s premier varied in opinion over the true essence of Hamlet. More importantly, procrastination, which was Hamlet’s most conspicuous flaw, has had its predisposition debated over since it was first observed.
The reasons for the procrastination vary within different schools of thought with some arguing that it is due to “Oedipal Complex”, a theory conceptualized by Sigmund Freud who considered Hamlet to be in love with his mother. A supportive argument is based on the fact that Hamlet is provided with numerous opportunities to slay Claudius but always passes them on even when ordered to do so bearing in mind he deeply loathes Claudius.
Thus it is highly likely that Hamlet advertently keeps Claudius alive so as to buffer Hamlet’s predilection towards his mother. Others critics argue that he is never availed with the opportune moment to revenge of his father’s murder since he is usually preoccupied whenever such a scenario presents itself. Either way, Hamlet’s procrastination to a variable extent identifies his unstable mental condition which leads to a detrimental finale not only for Hamlet but those surrounding him as well.
Claudius Claudius is guilty of killing Hamlet’s father king Hamlet, who is also his own brother in order to gain access to the throne by marrying Gertrude, mother to Prince Hamlet.
Claudius is successful in his ambition and Hamlet is left with the decision on whether or not to kill his uncle so as to avenge his father’s death (Burnett 49). Hamlet finds himself in a dilemma that ultimately leads to his procrastination because he is aware of the fact that if he kills Claudius, his companions will avenge Claudius death by killing him.
More about Hamlet What excerpt from act 3 of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Hamlet is critical of women? 5 163 What line from act 3 of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Claudius fears his own fate? 5 59 Which statement best explains why Hamlet alludes to Pyrrhus throughout act 2, scene 2 of Hamlet? 5 199 What is the Climax of Hamlet? 5 893 Claudius is also a member of his family and so the monarch remains in possession of the throne and the crown and killing him would amount to treason, a serious crime. On the other hand, Hamlet is influenced by the urge to avenge his father’s death which further aggravated by the appearance of his father’s ghost that asks him to kill Claudius (Johnson 265).
Hamlet however doubts the actuality of the ghost and is confused on whether it was the spirit of his late father or just an evil spirit. “Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damn’d, Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell, Be thy intents wicked or charitable, Thou com’st in such a questionable shape” (Johnson 262).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hamlet is left with a tough decision to make that ultimately puts him at a crossroads between upholding morality or standing up for his father’s legacy (Neal 1). Such a decision becomes difficult for Hamlet to make and ponders over it for a long time leading to several incidents of procrastination with reference to the murder of Claudius (Burnett 53).
Oedipus complex Hamlet is attracted to his mother Gertrude but the presence of Claudius condenses the possibility of intimacy with his mother. Even though Hamlet believes in the vengeance of his father’s death by executing Claudius, he is afraid that the void that would be left would inevitably lead to a mutual closeness between him and his mother.
The fear of such an occurrence leads Hamlet to procrastinate the death of Claudius through self deception. He begins by investigating whether or not Claudius was responsible for killing King Hamlet not so much to find the answer since he already knew, rather to pass off time. Once he is satisfied that Claudius was indeed his father’s murderer, he embarks on a pious duty to kill him but even when presented with an opportunity, he finds a reason not to kill Claudius (Burnett 52).
During his first attempt he finds Claudius in prayer and avoids killing him alleging it is not devout to kill one in prayer. The only occasion when Hamlet does not waver to kill is when he is in the bedroom with Gertrude and stabs the man behind the curtain. Unfortunately it turns out that Polonius is the man behind the bedroom curtain (Neal 1).
It is likely that Hamlet stabs Polonius impulsively because he is in the presence of his mother and is still possessive over her. Hamlet is able to postpone killing Claudius in all other instances due to the fact that he lacks an emotional driving force at that moment akin to his mother.
Good vs. evil Hamlet is a noble and sophisticated prince who allows his deceptive attitude corrupt his mentality. Being a man of thought rather than action, Hamlet focuses his thoughts on evil leading him to become suspicious of everybody around him, and doubt every decision he makes (Johnson 262).
Deep within him Hamlet is of high moral standards and entirely despises evil but the death of his father exposes him to the need to become evil. He attempts in numerous occasions to suppress his decency and the constant conflict between his mind and conscious precipitates the procrastination evident in his demeanor.
We will write a custom Essay on A Critical Analysis of Hamlet’s Constant Procrastination in Shakespeare’s Hamlet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequences of procrastination The resultant outcome of Hamlets procrastination is diverse in its reach and effect thus many individuals surrounding Hamlet are negatively affected by his inaction (Johnson 264). Hamlet at the outset is able to conceal his true affection for Ophelia hence postponing the appropriate moment to declare his true affection for her. Hamlet tries hard to identify with a mad and careless character overlooking the affection and adoration Ophelia has for him (Burnett 55).
To stay in character, Hamlet rejects her and this breaks her heart which consequently leads to Ophelia’s insanity and eventual suicide. He rejects those he claims to love including his mother whom he shouts at. Hamlet’s mad man charade arouses the curiosity of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern who keep on enquiring about the logic behind the play as they endeavor to find out hermit’s long term ideology (Neal 1).
More on the Topic Which statement best describes why Shakespeare’s Hamlet is a complex character? 5 60 Which Best Describes a Change an Adaptation Would Make If Hamlet was Set in Modern Times? 5 48 What does Hamlet mean by “shuffled off this mortal coil”? 5 194 Which word best describes Laertes in Act IV of Hamlet? 5 341 Hermit is however not pleased with the questions and he becomes highly suspicious of them, which culminates into intense rage when he discovers their true motives. He holds this against them for a long time and finally has them killed in England as a result of his built up rage and malevolence.
Hamlets deferment to kill Claudius puts Polonius in harms way when Hamlet stabs him in Gertrude’s bedroom on suspicion that he is Claudius.
Conclusion Hamlet’s procrastination could have been attributed to either his obsession with his mother, his way of thinking, his father’s death or all of the above. However, the fact is that the habitual deferment of his duties eventually led to the death of most of the people who closely associated with him. His attempt to be an evil person predisposed him to a different kind of reasoning that transformed him to be more comfortable with evil which eventually culminated in his demise.
Works Cited Burnett, MarkThornton. Ophelia’s False Steward’ Contextualized: The Review of English Studies. New York: Oxford publishers, 1995. pp. 48-56.
Johnson, Bruce. Hamlet: voice, music, sound. Popular Music. London: Cambridge University Press, 2005. pp 257-267.
Neal Thakkar: Why Procrastinate: An Investigation of the Root Causes behind Procrastination. Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal. Vol.4 (2009): 33-35. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on A Critical Analysis of Hamlet’s Constant Procrastination in Shakespeare’s Hamlet by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Urquhart, Alan. Hamlet and a revenge tragedy: A reappraisal. April 2004. Web.
Do Human Activities Threaten to Change Climate? Research Paper best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Human Activities Cause Global warming
Human Activities Do Not Cause Global warming
Introduction The issue of whether human activities threaten to change climate has stirred a fiery debate world all over. In this debate, there are people who support the idea while others reject it. The debate notwithstanding, the issue of climate change is real, as we have seen its effects in the recent past.
This reality must have hit the stakeholders hard leading to convergence of different summits to address the issue. The Copenhagen summit took place last month not to mention the signing of Kyoto Protocol.
Does it mean that these summits converge to come up with a solution to a problem that does not exist? Could it be we are trying to tame a natural disaster? This paper handles such issues exploring if human activities influence climate change, and if they do, then how and to what extent. This paper will also look into the possibility of climate change due to non-human or natural occurrence.
Human Activities Cause Global warming After immense scientific studies on human involvement in climate change, it is clear that human activities greatly influence climate change (Easton, 2006, p. 9). To understand this better, it is good that we define global warming and its causes. According to Milbourn (2009), global warming is the projected and observable increase in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans.
The Earth’s average temperature rose by 0.6 degrees Celsius in the 20th Century (United Nations (UN) Public Inquiries Unit, 2002). The greatest known cause of global warming is the increase of green house gases like carbon dioxide, water vapor, ozone, sulfur hexafluoride, hydro fluorocarbons, and methane (UN Public Inquiries Unit, 2002). Science research has proved that burning of fossil fuels lead to emission of carbon dioxide.
How does global warming happen? As sunlight hits the Earth’s surface, a smaller amount of the light is absorbed to warm the Earth but the larger amount is radiated back to the atmosphere at a longer wavelength than the sun light (Milbourn, 2009). Study shows that, greenhouse gases absorb some of these longer wavelengths before they escape into the atmosphere.
After this absorption, these greenhouse gases reflect the heat energy generated back to the Earth. This reflection of heat energy back to the Earth by the atmosphere is known as “greenhouse effect” or global “warming” (Norma, 1993, p. 44).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With this knowledge, we can critically analyze activities that lead to emission of these gases into the atmosphere and determine whether they are human in nature or not. The human activities that leads to the emissions of these gases are such as; use of motor vehicles, which emit hazardous gases.
Carbon dioxide, which is the principle contributor of global warming, is produced when coal and fossil fuels are burned to produce energy in different applications. According to Milbourn (2009), use of fossil fuels accounts for 80-85% of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere currently.
Deforestation that is, cutting down of trees also contributes to increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. When man cut trees down and burns them, the carbon that is contained in trees is released into the air as carbon dioxide.
Other human activities include farming; the use of fertilizers and other chemicals in farming releases nitrous oxide, which is a hazardous gas that causes about 10% of air pollution (Cynthia
Views on Vietnamese war in the Revisionism School Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The Vietnamese War is one of the hotly contested debates among political scientists, historians and even journalists. In the event of hot debates, different personalities induce different ideologies creating different schools of thought. From orthodox to revisionism, there are still contentious issues on who was responsible for the war in Vietnam and why America decided to chip in.
It is now apparent to articulate that, the ongoing conflicting discussions have led to the creation of various schools of thought with different and divergent views about the Cold War. This comprises of orthodox, revisionism and post-revisionism schools of thoughts regarding Vietnamese war. The paper will only consider revisionism as a school of thought about Vietnamese war.
Many historians and political scientists do not understand why United States involved itself in Vietnamese War. Its intrusion into the Soviet Union brought more harm than good according to some historians, while others see it an advantage. Revisionist views forms a critique about United States’ international affairs and its foreign policies especially during period of Cold War.
For example, revisionist writers argue that, United States used dubious diplomacy in breaking into Soviet Union’s crisis. United States policymakers enacted capitalistic laws, which led to Americans accessing foreign markets. Consequently, this led to the expansion of America’s economy leading to internal power emancipation.
Revisionists from Vietnam accuse America’s war strategies and vehemently discarding liberal orthodox while citing America as the bulwark of the Indochina war. Historian argues that, beside numerous mistakes from United States, its foreign polices lacked correct facts. Moreover, the policies represented miscalculations, blunders and inaccurate interpretations concerning the war.
For example, the creation of free markets was a sign of capital imperialism under gorgeous idealistic perceptions. In addition, political intervention from United States brought not only bureaucracy into Vietnam’s domestic politics but also created ethnocentrism.
According to revisionists, America would not have involved itself in Vietnamese War. There was all manner and idealistic modalities to avoid its involvement. Liberal realist viewpoints indicate that, American policymakers made errors by thinking that the war was important to the affairs of United States. If these policymakers accessed both security and economic curiosities, then national revolution would not have resulted. United States relied on past war experiences before making an adventure into Vietnam War.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another important viewpoint to note is that, America depicted defiant behavior and prudent intentions to Vietnamese War. Selfish interests like being concerned about their economy led to creation of open foreign markets for business and agricultural commodities. The global hegemony of United States kept rising with the expansion of its economy making many countries to fear them. In one way, America had gained autonomous authority with majority. According to revisionists, this was a bad impression.
According to revisionists, America’s judgmental mistakes were because of emotions rather than analyzing the situation on the ground first. It is through this reasoning that, revisionists do not see any reason of America involving itself into Vietnam War. They see President Roosevelt as an opportunist and a figure of capitalism thus terming executive powers duplicitous. American diplomacy tactics meant to impose American policies abroad selfishly.
In conclusion, though there are divergent views concerning America’s involvement in Vietnam War, both liberal revisionists and orthodox views are the same especially in accusing America’s stake in the war. United States foreign policy led to enactment of a policy leading to America’s involvement in Vietnam.
Though United States did not involve itself into the war in order to break the dominance of Soviet Union, it wanted to gain politically and economically. Through this horrendous tactic, military war ensued resulting to Vietnamese War and Soviet Union separation move. Nevertheless, the Cold War was has all to answer on who was to be the next super power and biggest world’s economic hub.
How Banksy’s graffiti art has been received by critics and art reporters Research Paper best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Summary
Banksy the self styled British graffiti artist has produced works that have over the past few years been the subject of critical acclaim. His politically inspired artwork has gone ahead to attract millions of dollars at auctions and his pseudonymous character has made him a modern legend.
His work has attracted more attention from critics and art reporters than all other graffiti artists in history. Various articles and books have been written about his work and published all around the world. This essay seeks to illustrate some of the responses that Banksy’s work has received from critics and reporters alike. To this end, various articles will be analyzed and the opinions of the authors extracted.
Jonathan Jones hails Banksy as the artist of our time1. He describes his following as cult like encompassing people from all walks of life ranging from millionaire bankers to young book buyers. From the way he carries out his work, Jones labels Banksy a guerilla conceptualist whose humor works effectively both in the streets and in galleries.
He however sees Banksy’s humor as too one dimensional and dark-sided to last long in a museum gallery and attributes this to the fact that Banksy did not go to college. In his review, Jones analyzes the features that make Banksy’s work appeal to a wide audience. First is the fact that Banksy is talented and not merely someone who got into the trade as a matter of necessity.
His stencil method also makes his work clearly distinct from the works of other graffiti artists and he is able to work on a variety of themes. In the same article, the critic also attributes Banksy’s success to the fact that he is a comic artist as compared to fellow graffiti artists most of whom happen to be tragedists. According to Jones, the use of humor in Banksy’s work has helped catapult him to the level of a modern day radical with an impressive following by people who are against the state1.
While analyzing Banksy’s work, he compares it with the work of Cartrain. He claims that Banksy’s work has a certain level of insincerity that can be mistaken for sophistication unlike Cartrain who spends time to give his work meaning. He (Jones) thinks that Banksy does not put much thought into his work and just speaks out his mind on impulse to the extent that his work loses the darkness associated with the underground culture1. Banksy’s work is seen by Jones to be mild with a welcoming familiarity.
Jones also claims that the conservationist style used by Banksy is a display of laziness and that his work does not deserve the incredible attention it has been receiving from the public. In concluding the review, the critic denounces Banksy’s creations as works of art and generally sees the rise of Banksy as the fall of art1.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Joanne Phillips in her article What we can learn from Banksy describes Banksy’s work as witty2. She sees this in how he uses opportunities that present in the form of the physicality of a site. For instance, she supports her claim “that the idea behind making good work is in composition” by explaining how Banksy used a fire extinguisher filled with paint to create a commentary on the wall of a modernist building2. She goes ahead to claim that Banksy’s graffiti artwork makes an uninspiring place interesting.
According to Joanne, it is easy for a viewer to decipher the underlying meaning in Banksy’s work. She cites his ‘Rats’ sequence and proceeds to explain the symbolism behind the art work. Joanne sees Banksy and other graffiti artists as individuals who are committed to speaking on behalf of the voiceless public.
“The graffiti writer aims to claim some space to give voice to those who they would see as the disenfranchised” 2. She sees the work of graffiti artists such as Banksy as being a direct response from the public to oppression coming from the system. She gives an example of his piece titled ‘Boring’ and describes it as Banksy’s review of the building on which it is painted.
Joanne sees this as an impressive interaction of written text and landscape text resulting in a clear representation of the artist’s opinion. She regards Banksy’s artwork as one that communicates the opinion of the oppressed masses. Citing the rats that Banksy uses in most of his work, Joanne explains how this is definitely the representation of a social underclass2.
Katherine Satorius sees the message behind Banksy’s artwork as very incisive but at the same time expressionless3. She describes the function of Banksy’s work as brilliant and that it provides city inhabitants with an alternative to conventional artwork. She proceeds to detail his Los Angeles exhibition and according to her, the paintings could have had more impact in their original location; on billboards and walls3.
She suggests that Banksy’s paintings have power on location and generally tend to lose their appeal when transferred onto canvas. She also reviews the artist’s character and points out the weaknesses that come with Banksy’s insistence on anonymity3.
She only sees this as a way to avoid artistic responsibility and concludes that this will only limit his success and keep him always trying to defend himself. She however sees Banksy as a success in the sense that he has managed to pit himself against the conventional art world and somehow managed to come out on top3.
We will write a custom Research Paper on How Banksy’s graffiti art has been received by critics and art reporters specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More She also has no issue with Banksy selling his artwork to the very people it was created to satirize because she believes that even artists deserve to earn a decent living. Towards the end of the article, Katherine highlights how Banksy’s anonymity comes back to haunt him when one of his admirers sneaks into one of his exhibitions and displays an antiestablishment painting in the midst of Banksy’s paintings3.
Hellen Weaver in her review sees the strength of Banksy’s artwork as laying in the fact that he portrays his messages in a way that would easily be understandable to an average individual4. This strength is constant whether the paintings are on a wall in the street or are installations in a museum environment. She also describes most of Banksy’s work as drawing inspiration from the political arena4.
She supports this conclusion by citing the optical illusion that Banksy created on the Palestinian side of the Israel separation wall in West Bank alongside the life sized sculpture he planted in a Disneyland ride. She also declares his inspiration as “anti-war, anti-capitalist and anti-establishment obsessions” 4.
Brian Sewell is probably the most radical and the harshest of Banksy critics5. He is on record having said that Banksy should have been gotten rid off at birth. He is against the policy by the Bristol City council to retain some of Banksy’s graffiti work when some were taken down and regards the popularity of Banksy as a loss of standards in the art world5.
He regards him as a clown who has nothing to do with art and believes that the public has been coerced into appreciating his graffiti work through his anonymity antics5.
Charlie Booker joins the likes of Brian Sewell and Jonathan Jones in dismissing Banksy’s work as rubbish6. He describes Banksy’s work as ‘imbecilic daublings’, and regards his efforts as an easy way to get famous. He cites the way Banksy prominently signs off his work and claims that the only message that the artist wants to convey is that he is the one responsible for the ‘vandalism’6.
Aside from offering criticism on the artists work, Booker also goes ahead to dismiss Banksy’s character describing him as a show-off. He picks statements from Banksy’s website and uses them to support his argument that Banksy is embarrassing, tenuous and pseudo-subversive6.
Barnard also has an issue with the social meaning that Banksy tries to attach to his work. He cites the painted elephant terming it as a useless display in the sense that it does not address a particular issue6.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How Banksy’s graffiti art has been received by critics and art reporters by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Adam Barnard in his article the anger management is not working declares Banksy a situationist7. He sees is work as capitalizing on the absolute lack of enlightening politics in the United Kingdom.
He describes Banksy’s graffiti on city walls as beautifying and at the same time providing for critical inspiration. To him (Barnard), Banksy’s work adds color to both physical and political landscapes. He claims that Banksy’s stencils are more exciting art experiences to common citizens than the estranged experiences of London’s new art institution7.
He sees Banksy’s work as a satiric criticism of figures in authority and applauds him for opening the way for contemporary artists through abolition and realization7. He sees this artwork as following on the works of Duchamp and James Reid. Barnard like other art reporters and critics is optimistic that more Banksy art work is on the way7.
According to James Gaddy, Banksy is the most recognized street artist alive and he even proclaims him a mythic hero8. He agrees that Banksy’s early work displayed great talent both in drawing and stencil cutting8.
He however feels disappointed by Banksy’s move to sell his artwork to the same people he has spent his life criticizing and hopes that the money made from the Los Angeles exhibition goes into more street art8. Gaddy sees the move as Banksy arriving at a point of irresolution, where he finds it hard to decide whether to continue the thought provoking street art or to create the commercial artwork that fetches him impressive money8.
He concludes that Banksy’s move to the galleries greatly reduces the influence of his work as compared to the power it has on the streets. He also sees Banksy’s career on the street coming to an end as his artwork continues to appreciate in value and his growing fame making it hard for him to pull off more street work8. He (Gaddy) looks forward to Banksy’s new work and like most people does not mind the anticipation of finding out where he will strike next8.
Miranda Sawyer describes Banksy’s work as antiestablishment in the sense that he criticizes many contemporary icons9. She sees his work as a more direct form of expression as compared to fine art9. She considers his work as an approach used by his generation to communicate their deep seated feelings9. She describes his exhibition at the Bristol City Museum as a celebration of the ‘stuffiness of the institution’ while at the same time teasing it9.
In the book Pauline Frommer’s London, Banksy’s work has been described as an attack on corporate greed and government surveillance10.
His work is also portrayed as a way of venting anger against war. Cochra and Frommer admit that Banksy is not a superhero and they claim that he gets the inspiration for his work in the same way that a political cartoonist does10.
According to the authors, Banksy’s work has received so much acclaim that many people would not want to prosecute him for vandalism but would instead want to shake his hand and congratulate him for the messages he passes across10.
Louise Amoore and Marieke de Goede have published a risk and war on terror in which Banksy’s work is described as an interruption of traditional urban or art places11. The authors go ahead to cite his introduction of a hooded inflatable Guantanamo detainee in Disneyland as a political operation. This act, they claim is viewed as an illustration of what society can turn to if culture is always presented without factoring in the aspect of politics11.
Summary This essay has studied and analyzed various written works by both art critics and art reporters on the graffiti art of Banksy. The varied opinions by the said groups of people regarding the impact of the artist’s work and sometimes the artist himself have been reviewed in the paper. A number of issues have arisen from the discussion above including:
Whether Banksy’s stencil works should be referred to as art or are they simply acts of vandalism.
Whether the pseudonymous character that Banksy has tried to maintain for such a long time is serving him justice.
Whether the newly acquired celebrity status and money will affect Banksy’s street art career.
In their arguments and criticism of the work however, the individuals included in the report have come to a few agreements regarding Banksy’s work. These include:
Banksy is a modern day phenomena judging from the number of people that attend his exhibitions and the incredible figures that his art-work fetches.
Banksy’s work is generally inspired by politics and that his art tends to support the message of the greater populace which is under oppression by the ruling class.
Conclusion In conclusion, it is worth noting that Banksy has come a long way from the days he started as a common street vandal to an artist with a cult following. His impeccable skills and daring antics accompanied by his anonymity have transformed him into a modern day Houdini. As an artist, his work will continue to receive criticism from all sectors of society and will continue to do so in the foreseeable future if he continues to do more daring street-work and manages to evade the authorities.
Endnotes 1Jonathan Jones, “Best of British?,” The Guardian, July 2007.
2Joanne Phillips, “What can we learn from Banksy,” Green places, October 2009.
3Katherine Satorius, “Viewpoint,” Artweek, February 2007.
4Hellen Weaver, “Banksy: Bristol city museum and gallery,” Art American Magazine, September 2009.
5 “Newsmaker: Banksy.” CNN.com. 2 November 2007.
6Charlie Brooker, “Supposing … Subversive genius Banksy is actually rubbish,” The Guardian, September 2006.
7Adam Barnard, “The anger management is not working,” Capital and Class, 2004.
8James Gaddy, “Nowhere man,” Print Mag, January/February, 2007.
9Miranda Sawyer, “In pictures: Bansky versus Bristol City Museum,” The Guardian, June 2009.
10James Cochra and Pauline Frommer, Pauline Frommer’s London. (Chichester: Wiley, John
Life without Principle Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction: the Main Themes of Life without Principle
Main Message of Life without Principle
Thoreau’s Life without Principle: Conclusion
Introduction: the Main Themes of Life without Principle Life without Principle is one of the most remarkable short works by an American author and critic Henry David Thoreau. The essay was published in 1863, 15 years after the famous Civil Disobedience. In summary, Life without Principle and other Thoreau’s books influenced many people of different ages and social statuses. Political leaders found his works educative and used quotes from Life without Principle in their practice. Ordinary people, in their turn, found the message of the text very personal and compelling. That is why it was not a surprise that Thoreau’s essay was recognized as a work that offered a program to be taken by every righteous person. One can not reduce the summary of Life without Principle to one topic. It is rather a list of themes and thoughts illustrated by real-life examples. Through the latter, the character and personal experience of the writer are revealed.
Though it is hard to define one concrete thesis of Henry David Thoreau’s Life without Principle, the point that this thesis somehow connected to money and its power in the world is evident. “This world is a place of business” (Thoreau 4) is one of the leading phrases in Life without Principle that depicts a true nature of H.D.Thoreau’s ideas and attempts; this message of Life without Principle is considered to be the central fact that is proved throughout the whole text by means of examples, which fulfill our everyday life. In this essay, I make an analysis of Life without Principle.
Main Message of Life without Principle Thoreau is the author who does not want to stop on one message and develop it during the whole paper. That is why what he chooses for his Life without Principles is compelling and captivating. He presents one major theme of Life without Principle, defining the world as the place of business and tries to prove the chosen position by a variety of examples.
He argues about the values and goals of people, who are eager to develop commerce and support the ideas of globalization without taking into consideration the fact that people themselves become victims of personal desires. He raises one of the most provocative analyzation questions that influence our lives considerably and tries to conclude whether all those costs, both financial and spiritual, are worthy of the profits.
The purpose of the essay is to show its reader the way of how money rules this world. From the very beginning, the author correctly defines his positions with respect to the reader and admits that he does not want to “talk about people a thousand miles off, but come as near home” as possible (Thoreau 2). Such concretization makes the reader believe that his purposes are pure and definite. He writes to help, open the reader’s eyes, and show how wrong or useless human attempts can be. This is the major theme of Life without Principle.
His purpose is to characterize the way how materialism and commercialism enslave American society, to show how the Good Life should look like, and to teach the reader to analyze personal attitude to lives, where money and prosperity may lose their powers and impact on people. He wants to show how elusive human demands can be, admitting that “the ways by which you may get the money almost without exception lead downward” (Henry David Thoreau, Life without Principle, 8).
The target audience of the essay cannot be framed. One of the most peculiar features of Life without Principle is that there is no concretization concerning who is intended to be the reader of this essay.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It may be an unfortunate debtor who “goes to church to take account of stock” or men, who are “so well employed,” or a “gold-digger” with his passion for gambling, etc. (Thoreau 13, 10, 19). In other words, this essay may become somewhat helpful for those who somehow deal with money, and these are all people in the world. The author admits that people become dependent on money unintentionally. The writer “cannot easily buy a blank-book to write thoughts in” because everything is “ruled for dollars and cents” (Henry David Thoreau 4).
Maybe, it is safe and more effective not to define the target audience at once and provide every reader with a chance to discover whether this source is exciting and helpful for him/her. The uniqueness of this essay is the author’s impartiality to the reader and unbelievable focus on the topic.
The purpose of the essay is achieved through a close connection to the reader’s demands. After reading this essay, a powerful desire to re-evaluate personal life and place in this world appears. In my opinion, this is the desired effect expected from the paper.
When the reader accepts the author’s point of view and finds that these ideas are appropriate for this life, the primary purpose of any essay is achieved. In Life without Principle, Thoreau’s goal is to show how considerable and influential the power of money can be, and how people limit their opportunities.
One debtor may read this essay and comprehends that his troubles and his challenges mean nothing in comparison to his spiritual life and his attitude to life. This is why it is possible to say that the author’s choice to use real-life examples and personal experience in this work is wholly justified. Even more, it becomes an effective means to achieve the essential purpose and convict the reader.
The effectiveness of the essay lies deep into the author’s demands. I genuinely believe that one of the first steps that need to be taken by any author is to believe in personal ideas and thoughts. The chosen argument is perfectly argued because the author uses as many different things as possible to show when his ideas are likely to rely upon. He not only teaches the reader but also explains why these lessons are essential. His powerful examples that are so close to our everyday routines cannot but impress the reader.
“If a man walk in the woods for love of them half of each day, he is in danger of being regarded as a loafer, but if he spends his whole day as a speculator, shearing off those woods and making earth bald before her time, he is esteemed an industrious and enterprising citizen.” (Thoreau 6). This citation would probably be the best summary of Life without Principle.
We will write a custom Essay on Life without Principle specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thoreau’s Life without Principle: Conclusion This paper aimed to make an analysis of Life without Principle by Henry David Thoreau. This is one of the great writings offered by the author. The essay reviews the main idea of Life without Principle. Quotes and excerpts from the text are used as illustrations.The messages of the work by Thoreau are touching and educative, helpful and frustrating, amazing, and sometimes evident. Due to such doubtful nature, many readers can find the book interesting under their demands.
Everyone knows that he/she lives in a world that is too dependable on money because each citizen is a voluntary participant in this pursuit for profit. The effectiveness of the essay under discussion lies in its connection to everyday problems and human desires: people want to become smart and prudent in their activities, but their attention and passion make them so blind and stupid, and, what is more frustrating, dependent on their product, money.
Works Cited Thoreau, Henry, D. Life without Principle. 2010. Web.
Unions and Compensation in Major League Baseball Qualitative Research Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Baseball as a game in the U.S. traces its origins back to the year 1978, when the game had no formal rules and special equipments. Although the game at this time was “crude” due to lack of rules, proper organization and representation, this never prevented its spreading because of its popularity that was spreading fast among the American citizens.
By late 1860’s there was calls for need to professionalize the game; something that contributed to its development into a national game. Due to many complications that were arising due to the uncontrolled rate at which the game was expanding, there was need for formation of a national body that was to govern the game; hence the formation of the National Association of Baseball players (NABBP).
Although not all clubs joined the organization, at least those that joined it made it to grow as a national organization that managed baseball activities. With time due to diversification of the game, there has been many major transformations and re-organization of the game, hence its present status as a well-known and respected game.
For example, although previously individuals had tried to professionalize the game, there efforts achieved less due to many divisions and wrangles that existed. In many ways, this managerial wrangles and divisions were the main contributors or major building blocks of the currently existing baseball developments.
For example, the managerial wrangles led to the formation of the USA Baseball in 1978; an organization mandated with the role of governing the game in the U.S. this organization closely collaborates with the U.S. Olympic committee in trying to improve the quality of the game.
It achieves this through promoting of several activities that include major tournaments, minor and major leagues. Majority of participants in these activities are either high school students or individual who have embraced the game as their professional activity.
This organization has led to the success of the game, because it has enabled the team to win a number of medals both in national and international tournaments (History of Baseball, (n.d.), p.1). This paper will discuss concepts of the unionization of professional baseball, impacts of the unionization of the game to players, managers and the game in general. It will further discuss the roles played by the baseball unions as concerns player remuneration and compensation; primarily on factors that determine player compensations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More History of Professional Baseball Unions Prior to 1871, baseball had no organized professional management bodies, but rather the game followed informal procedures and rules. In addition, because of the informal organization of the game, there were no special playing equipments and standards, which players and teams were to meet.
Although this was the case, it never lasted for long with the formation of the National Association of professional Baseball players in 1871. The government mandated this organization with the overall role of controlling the game, organizing tournaments, and dealing with problems that arose in during the game or among different participants and stakeholders.
Although this was a professional body, which in common scenarios is supposed to be well organized and structured, NABBP lacked the required structural organization, something that made it hard for it to control player’s affairs (Baseball Labor History, 1997, Para. 1-2) . This is because many players had no single clubs they could identify themselves with, because they kept on moving from one to another in for search “greener pastures”.
This never lasted for long, because later on in 1876 under the leadership of Hulbert, the National League of Professional Baseball Players came to existence. The primary aim of this organization was to control the unrestrained movements of players across different teams with no formal procedures. In addition, William’s another aim was to ensure that, club managers had major control over these teams and not as the case was previously where players had all the freedom of doing whatever they wished.
Many changes came as a result of the formation of this organization, an example being the selection of five best players to join major clubs that managements decided at the termination of each playing period. The managements named this the “reserve Clause”, something that contributed to the introduction of contractual terms. Contractual terms in many ways came with many limitations on players in that, there freedom was now limited because of denial of transfer rights.
In addition, previously players could negotiate their payment terms, however with the introduction of this clause, such rights were limited to players, instead the team owner had the rights of deciding the remuneration and benefit amounts. On the other hand, these introduced a new concept of contract renewing, whereby clubs could “sell’ their players to other clubs in exchange for money although players were unwilling to join such clubs.
The whole idea of baseball players’ remuneration underwent many changes as time advanced because the quality of the game was deteriorating; a factor that resulted due to low motivational levels in players because, clubs denied then chances of joining clubs of their choices.
We will write a custom Essay on Unions and Compensation in Major League Baseball specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the introduction of the salary cap by one baseball club proprietor; Goodwill Spalding led to increased wrangles in baseball management. This is because each club player was to receive approximately $2500 annually, an amount that was far below what was appropriate. Many individuals received this with mixed reactions, hence causing the formation of another baseball union called Brotherhood Professional Baseball Players.
This organization came into being because majority of individual felt that club owners were overexploiting players hence, misusing their talent. This received a revolt from club owners, because they too felt isolated and despised by simple players whom they could control. This prompted them to react back by imposing some uniform fees on players (Baseball Labor History, 1997, Para. 4).
Although this league helped to fight for players’ rights, it never lasted for long because of the opposition that it faced from club owners; primarily Spalding, hence the re-adoption of the previous reserve clause. Many players opposed this clause because it constrained their rights, something that led to the filing of a court case in early 1920’s, which the baseball won.
This marked the onset of the many cases that followed due to wrangles between baseball players and club owners; a factor that primarily contributed to the call for reformulation of the baseball antitrust law.
This calls yielded little because, the overexploitation continued for some time, hence making players to consider the option of forming a giant baseball organization to defend their rights. In addition, the fact that players had problems with club owners as concerns pension plans also contributed greatly to the call for the formation of a grand organization that was to foresee the articulation of players’ rights.
Although most baseball leader’s efforts gained little, the fight to unionize baseball never stopped because as time advanced many other individuals and players came up with initiatives whose main mandate was to fight for baseball players rights. For example, in early 1990’s through collaboration with other baseball stakeholders, baseball players formed the Player’s Protective Association (PPA). This organization’s main mandate was to fight for players’ remuneration rights and enhancement of playing conditions.
Later on in 1912, through collaboration with other bodies that fought for other sport players’ rights, baseball players came up with the Fraternity of Professional Baseball Players; an organization that also was to fight for their rights. Little success of these organizations never stopped players from struggling for representation, because in 1946 they formed another body that was to articulate their rights called the American Baseball Guild (Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA), 2010, p.1).
Still up to mid the 19th century these formed organizations had achieved little as concerned the abolishing or restructuring of the reserve clause. It is important to note here that, the major reason why the players wanted to eliminate or change the reserve clause is because, it had tied players to specific clubs hence, denying them transfer rights to clubs they longed to move to.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Unions and Compensation in Major League Baseball by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The little achievement by previously formed baseball unions was not a demoralizing factor to players. This is because although the fruits from such organizations were less, in 1965 players re-organized themselves in order to develop proper strategies of putting forward their grief. Their struggle for recognition made then to seek help from external sources; hence the appointing of Marvin Miller as their leader.
This marked the onset of a major transformation in terms of baseball unions because the appointment later turned out to be success factor because of his representational skills. Players appointed him because they believed that Marvin had the power of influencing the government and negotiating with club owners on players’ rights.
The concept of miller leading the players association received many oppositions from club owners, whereby their struggles to eliminate him from this leadership position were fruitless. Miller fought to ensure the union had enough funds to manage its affairs. To achieve this, he came up with the concept of a licensing plan that was to ensure that all baseball players were registered and accepted members of a specific representational organization.
In addition, he came up with a tutoring and mentoring programs, whose main aim was to ensuring players expressed their grief with solidarity, hence the need to abolish differences that existed amongst them. His efforts gained many fruits for example, in 1968 through his leadership and using his influencing power, the union won a case that led to the formulation and signing of a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) is the sports sector.
This agreement was one of its kinds in this industry because; it prompted most club managements to increase players’ salary to $10,000 (MLBPA, 2010, Para. 5). His struggle to see respect of players’ rights never stopped here, because in 1970 through negotiations with club owners and other stakeholders, players received arbitration rights, when it came to handling of players’ problems.
Granting of arbitration rights marked the onset of many achievements that followed as concerned baseball players’ rights. It is necessary to note here that, Miller’s achievements not only enhanced the respect of baseball players, but rather it had impacts in all sports sectors; hence, the accordance of respect to professional sport. Throughout Miller’s reign much happened in the sports world, in terms of developments and respect of players’ rights.
His great achievements included the introduction of licenses in sports, improvement of contractual terms, and adoption of correct pension schemes by organizations. In addition, his struggle to increase the unions saw the expansion of the union to international standards, something that unions and individual feel even today. This is because currently, MLBPA is one of the most prominent and powerful sports organizations in not only America, but also globally (Korr, 2003, p.1).
The concept of the reserve clause received much opposition and faced many court challenges, whereby finally under arbitration the concept of free agency came into being. This abolished the monopoly enjoyed by many clubs in that, it helped to abolish the continuous tendencies of clubs renewing players’ contracts without their consent.
MLBPA has undergone many changes, and has seen many leaders come an go, whereby some of the leaders who have seen the union sail through changing hard times include Ken Moffet (after miller) and Fehr. Other developments after Miller’s achievement include increase in revenue amounts, restricting of the free agent market that made club owners enjoy the monopoly as concerned the signing of new contracts.
This in any ways has contributed to compensation of players for their rights abused by club owners, for example in 1990; players received $280 million from club owners. Achievement of these has never been smooth in that, it had to involve unrests and boycotts from players for example the 232-day boycott in 1994 to 1995. This in many ways enhanced negotiation standards and agreements rates, something that was very clear during the 2002 signing of a new sort contract (MLBPA, 2010, p.1).
Impacts of the Unionization on Players, owners and the Baseball Game In common practice, the main aim of all players’ organizations is to fight and a ensure team managements and club owners respect all player rights. The case has not been different in MLBPA; owing to the many struggles, it has undergone to achieve its present status, primarily because of the much turmoil, which it had to undergo in the past.
For example to achieve its present status, the union had to organize many strikes and work boycotts. In addition, in some instances it had to file court cases, whereby it lost and won some. On the other hand, where the court cases failed, arbitration had to prevail, hence the current achievements of the union.
Although the quality of the game has had a major boost, players have benefited most because of the freedom that abolishing of the reserve clause granted them. Currently baseball players have employment rights, a scenario that contrasts to what existed previously where, club owners enjoyed the monopoly of controlling all baseball activities.
Under Miller’s leadership, club owners granted players collective bargaining opportunities through agreements signed between the two parties; players and club owners. Such like developments have contributed to the currently earned good salaries by baseball players, as compared to the past when their salary was little to sustain a good living (Goodman, 2000, p.1).
In addition, players have arbitration rights, something that is a major boost to the formalities of solving players’ problems. These rights have achieved a lot for example, in 1989, players benefited from a damage compensation that amounted to $ 38 million. In addition through this arbitration rights, player have received other benefits either in form of salaries or compensations from club owners incase something in cases where problems occur during playing time.
Currently players have information access rights, something that the club owners tried to constrain during early times when there existed many contending issues between the two parties. Apart from material gains, the unionization of baseball has created strong baseball teams whose solidarity has brought many achievements, which has contributed to talent exploitation hence the coming up of many stars for example, Barry Bonds and Sammy Sosa (MLBPA, 2010, p.1).
On the other hand, the unionization has contributed greatly to the increasing bargaining power of players. MLBPA represents all players’ grievances in court and to baseball club owners. Hence, due the nature of the power they posses, they have helped baseball players to express their grievance hence, bettering their negotiating terms.
Although the unionization of professional baseball has contributed a lot to players’ well-being, to some extent it has contributed to the downfall of players who never participated in the strike. This is because to the union the young players’ act of not joining others in the strike deviated from the union’s rules hence, the only way of punishing them is by denying them union memberships. This has greatly contributed to talent wastage, because they are not entitled to benefit from any deals by the union (Kendrick, 2010, p.1).
To club owners, considering the amount of fines resulting from compensations, management of most baseball teams have little to celebrate for, because these compensations are major sources of looses. Baseball unions from time to time have challenged any management orientation club owners adopt; any time they feel, such changes are violating player’s rights. In many ways, this has made management hard in that, from time to time there are policy changes, something that costs club owners substantial amounts of money.
Although the above is the case as concerns managements, at least the same has helped to shape management practices of teams. This is because currently, clubs give players the required respect and recognition, something that was rare previously during the reign of Albert Spalding as a club owner.
The game has received a major boost in terms of quality and standards. Previously, the “reserve clause” and the contractual terms was a major demoralizing factor because, players could not afford to play for their dream teams. With the formation of MLPBA, club managers adopted better managerial policies that saw the change of contractual terms hence, guaranteeing players their individual freedoms.
On the other hand, previously there were much segregation in terms of players in specific baseball teams, whereby there existed clear divisions between the whites and black Americans. This led to the formation of the Negro League Baseball Players Association. However, due to unionization such segregations have vanished because of equal representation.
This in many ways has contributed to the development of the game to international standards, because every registered player has equal chances of exhibiting their expertise as far as the game is concerned (Negro League Baseball Players Association, 2007, p.1).
Factors that Determine Player Compensation Packages in Baseball Currently, professional sport has undergone many transformations in terms of diversification, hence making the entire field a multifaceted field. Depending on one’s competence in terms of playing skills and how much fans like one, one becomes a good marketing tool of clubs they belong.
Majority of organizations adopt the incentive plan, for most management considers it the most appropriate mechanism of encouraging performance. The same is not different when it comes to professional sports, because for players to maintain high playing standards, club managements have to adopt the same measures. The overall role of determining the remuneration packages of baseball players rests with the Major League Baseball players Union.
The league achieves its mandate by employing the use of collective bargaining agreements. Depending whether a player is in the national league or in the American league, the remuneration packages vary accordingly. In addition, negotiation also forms the foundation of any remuneration package a player receives hence, the importance of unions as main negotiators (Manzano, 2006, p.1).
Any baseball player is entitled to a specific minimum salary. In addition, to the minimum salary, clubs add other performance related monetary benefits; depending on terms of agreements. For a player to have arbitration rights, they have to be in the league for a minimum of three years, whereby contractual renewal terms determine the amount of salary that a player earns.
After the third year; when the clubs are renewing contracts, the salary varies depending also on the new contractual terms. Generally, a player’s remuneration package depends on achievements; in terms of game quality and the representing union’s agents during negotiations (Miller, 2000, pp. 87-88).
Roles of Unions to Player Compensation The remuneration packages of baseball players in most cases depend primarily on the strength of the negotiator(s). Players on their own cannot afford to negotiate good contractual terms hence, the need for representation by agent provided by unions where they belong. This is the case, because sometimes working conditions may be unfavorable or their may exist many contending issue under consideration.
In addition, because majority of players have little knowledge about the nature of benefits they should receive from their clubs, special representation by union agents ensures club managers do not take advantage over them. This ensures club owners award players good remuneration packages through the process of structuring the wage benefits (Milkovich
“China Inc.” by Ted C. Fishman Report essay help site:edu
China Inc. describes socio-economic issues, industrialization in China its impact on citizens and the world at large. Ted C. Fishman addresses the most current and important change in the world brought by the rapid emergence of China as an economic power. There is the description on how the crop up of industries in the urban areas has led to massive migration of the population from rural into the urban centers. Then the economic reform steps that China has taken in order to deal with the populations’ demand.
Mr. Fishman describes the strategies China applies that make it to be one of the top competitors in the global market. There is the description of the state of inequality, unemployment and poverty level in China despite its economic rise. What China is trying to do in order to counter its state of inequality is also discussed.
The advanced technology that the country has engaged in has seen it rise to the global calendars giving other countries stiff competition. China Inc. has shown how the Chinese products have caused intense price competition within the global market. And also one of the factors that led to urbanization and industrialization in China which is there focus in the use of energy resources.
There is the comparison of the economies of the two countries; china and the United States of America. How the rise in these two economic powers has affected the population and the manufacturing of industrial goods. The supremacy of the US technology over China is also depicted in the fact that China cannot afford the use of nanotechnology that the USA has ventured in. China on the other hand offers ready market for its produce and low tax incentives.
There is the description of the fact that in China the public do not follow the rules especially when it comes to manufactured goods. This has promoted the rise in the number of counterfeit goods manufactured in china which has over flown into the global market. This practice has contributed to the rise in the Chinese economy since it provides the people with affordable goods.
The process further prevents China from obtaining new technologies it desperately needs for development purposes, since other super economies fears the fact that their advanced technologies if sold to China will be corrupted.
There is the review of some issues that provides a stumbling block to the technological strength in the world today. The issue of piracy of Intellectual property has caused many companies to loose market since it gives an advantage to other competitors in the market. In order to counter this, the country needs to invest in manufacturing infrastructure, produce great expertise and efficient machines that enables them to produce world class goods and services.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mr. Fishman is a graduate of Princeton University and a former trader and member of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. He is a renowned public speaker and has addressed many gatherings all over the world. He has vast experience in journalism and at the same time is the bestselling author who has researched on the complex socio-economic issues that currently affects China and America.
A well structured article, China INC does a good job of reporting not only what is happening in China concerning its economic development, but also how it poses a threat to its citizens, United States of America and the world economy as a whole. Mr. Fishman is indeed experienced in the socio-economic issues; he has made the subject to be of relevance to day to day living by engaging the audience in a simple and understanding manner.
This is so because Fishman has to a great extent, researched on individuals, communities from different nations, performances of companies and come up with views that indeed can help in the reconstruction of the world economy. I would recommend the book to others since it portrays the biggest change in the world economy since World War II and presents basic knowledge to every entrepreneur.
The book review offered the opportunity to understand more on how socio-economic activities affect our daily livelihoods. It has revealed to me more a bout the competition that exists in the global market and how countries are strategizing to harmonize their contributions to the world economy. The global economic order has already occurred and it affects every country in the world.
Analysis of Alice Walker’s essay “Everyday Use” in Reference to the Idea of Power and Responsibility within Family college admission essay help
Family is one of the most demonstrative social groups, where people related by kinship interact within complex relations of authority and power division. In well-balanced families, each member tries too use his/her authority not only for own benefit but also for the benefit of the others.
Such attitude forms the basis of responsible treatment among family members. However, in cases of disunited families, certain members employ their power for their own benefit, disregarding the needs of their relatives. An example of this can be found in Alice Walker’s essay “Everyday Use”, where the older sister uses her natural charisma and brightness to achieve personal success, irresponsibly neglecting her less advanced kin.
The dramatic contrast between Dee (or Wangero, as she chooses to call herself) and her mother and sister Maggie is revealed already on the level of appearance.
According to her mother’s description, Dee is good-looking and stylish. She has been demanding “nice things”, such as stylish matching clothes already since her teen age and has been aware of the power rendered by looks: “At sixteen she had a style of her own: and knew what style was” (Walker 451). Her limbs are perfectly shaped, which allows her mother to recognize her only catching a small glimpse of her leg stepping out of the car: “…even the first glimpse of leg out of the car tells me it is Dee.
Her feet were always neat-looking, as if God himself had shaped them with a certain style” (Walker 451). Her mother, “a large, big-boned woman with rough, man-working hands”, and Maggie, all mutilated by “burn scars down her arms and legs”, are no-match to Dee’s ostensible beauty (Walker 449–450).
Adding to the outward contrast is the discrepancy between the characters and bearings of the three women. Dee is all self-assurance; she knows her strong sides, such as general brightness and scholarship. Therefore, she is determined to achieve success; and knowing it is in her power, she would not bend down before anyone: “She would always look anyone in the eye. Hesitation was no part of her nature. […] She was determined to stare down any disaster in her efforts” (Walker 450).
On the contrary, her uneducated mother would never look “a strange white man in the eye”; and Maggie, though undertaking attempts at reading, “knows she is not bright”, which makes her even more shy and timid (Walker 451). Maggie is opposed to Dee in her hopeless misery, “chin on chest, eyes on ground, feet in shuffle”, fearful and bit envious of her sister’s self-confidence and ostentatious grandeur (Walker 450).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Against the background of such contraposition between success and failure, the more revealing appears the fact that Dee, in her shallow vanity, never uses her natural powers to support her family. Instead of carefully encouraging her mother’s and sister’s hankering after knowledge, she humiliates them by her arrogant disdain: “She washed us in a river of make-believe, burned us with a lot of knowledge we didn’t necessarily need to know.
Pressed us to her with the serf’ oust way she read, to shove us away at just the moment, like dimwits, we seemed about to understand” (Walker 450). No wonder her motives for taking away the historical quilts — simply to hang them in her designer parlor — appear absurd to her practically-oriented mother, who has planned to give them as dowry to be practically used by her younger daughter.
At this culmination point of extreme tension between Dee’s pseudo-refinement and her mother’s claim to common sense, Maggie unexpectedly reveals her power of wisdom by saying that she would remember her ancestors even without any quilts (Walker 454). This statement of Maggie’s inner power provokes her mother to exercise her authority and stop Dee from plundering the house which she has never respected, loved or devoted her effort to.
Any power presupposes certain degree of responsibility from its owner. In case with Dee, who has both the looks and the brains to achieve success, this power is misused. Not only does she neglect her family, but she also runs counter to her mother’s will and disrespects her parent’s authority.
Punishment for such outrageous behavior does not take long to come: the usually timid and miserable Maggie reveals her inner moral strength which inspires her mother to protect their right for preserving family heritage the way they considered it best.
Works Cited Walker, Alice. “Everyday Use.” Reading Literature and Writing Argument. 3rd ed. Eds. Missy James and Alan P. Merickel. Pearson, 2007. 449–455. Print.
The Effects of Nuclear Weapons on Plants, Animals and Humans Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Purpose of the research: The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of nuclear weapons on plants, animals and humans. The hypothesis for this research is that nuclear weapons-related radiation has far reaching consequences on the health and the general welfare of the affected human population, and also affects animals as well as plants in the affected area.
Research Methods: This research paper is based on a review of literature. My point of research will be internet data gathered from different websites, which have documented research findings on the subject of nuclear weapons and their effect on the plants, humans and animals. The research paper is based on the facts found during the research.
Introduction To date, Hiroshima and Nagasaki goes down in history as the two surviving cities where nuclear weapons were used during the World War 2 and to devastating effects. Apart from the instant deaths that occurred right after Americans bombed Hiroshima and three days later, Nagasaki, thousands of deaths have been registered due to radiation related illnesses occurring from the two bombs.
Although there are no accurate numbers of the deaths in Hiroshima, the United Nations estimates that by December 1945, the death count was at about 140,000 people (Sublette, 1997; Walker, 2005). The Nagasaki death count on the other hand is estimated at 70,000 people. Apart from the deaths, the survivors and their descendants continue registering bodily injuries and other damaging effects to date (US dept. of Energy, 2007).
Literature review According to D’Arrigo (2004), radiation is “energy that travels in waves”. Unfortunately for humans, radiation can not be smelled, felt, seen or heard. In a nuclear weapon blast, nuclear radiation is usually 15 percent of the activity, with 50 percent of the explosion being presented as blast energy and the remaining 35 percent as thermal energy (atomic archives, 2008).
Of the 15 percent nuclear radiation, 5 percent affects animals, plants and humans as the initial radiation. Such occurs within a very short period of the explosion usually less than three minutes (atomarchive.com, 2008, p.1).
The remaining 10 percent nuclear radiation is gradual, which involves radioactivity of fission products usually present in the weapon debris, residue and explosion fallout. Fallout radiation usually occurs minutes after the nuclear explosion and happens from radioactive distributed in the air above the explosion site during the explosion.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The radioactive particles eventually fall to the ground. In the rainy season, the rain water carries the contaminated water to wider areas therefore causing more radiation effects to plants and animals.
Naturally, the earth releases natural radiation that affects human being, animals and plants and can lead to cancers in both animals and humans. In the case of the World War II bombings, the radiation that occurred during the two bombs led to fatalities within a 500 meters radius of where the bomb was dropped. However, people as far as five kilometers from the bombing place would later start developing symptoms of radiation poisoning, which included radiation related cancers.
According to Linsley (1997), the environment has cosmic radiation that exposes all organisms to natural radionuclide. However, nuclear weapons contain artificial radionuclide, which have higher adverse effects than those that occur naturally. D’Arrigo (2004), states that uranium that is usually found in the ground lacks in the concentration and the interactivity that would negatively affect the environment to great levels.
However, human beings have over the years learnt the art of mining the same, enriching it and converting it to gaseous forms such as Uranium-234, Uranium-235 and Uranium-238 among others (Auxier, 2004). The enriched Uranium is then used as nuclear reactors, nuclear power or fuel.
While the fuel form may seem like the least harmful to human beings, D’Arrigo (2004) states that every link in the fuel chain creates radioactive emissions, which are released into the environment consequently adding to the background radiation that affects human, plants and other organisms.
That aside, there is growing concern that the nuclear weapons even though never used on the human population again since World War II, continue releasing radiation to the environment during creation and testing. The negative effects in radiation comes from ionized radiation, which according to D’Arrigo (2004) breaks molecular bonds hence causing erratic chemical reactions.
According to D’Arrigo (2004), ionizing radiation is the energy or matter produced by an unstable atom’s nucleus as it decays or tries to reach a stable state. The energy released is either in form of waves (X rays or gamma rays) or subatomic particles (beta and alpha). Uranium, which is used in the production of nuclear weapons, is among the radioactive elements that result in man-made radiation and radionuclide.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Effects of Nuclear Weapons on Plants, Animals and Humans specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When radiation hits the cells or tissues of living organisms, it either damages or kills it. According to D’Arrigo (2004), a damaged cell is well able to rejuvenate and heal correctly. However, this does not happen all the time. In some cases, the cells or tissues repair incorrectly thus impairing their ability to grow or reproduce or it can repair incorrectly, but still reproduce. When the latter happens, the defects of the cell or tissue are passed over to subsequent generations.
Nuclear radiation has also been found to reduce the immunity of animals and human beings drastically thus compromising their ability to fight off diseases (Sublette, 1997). More to this, radiation causes mutations in the body cells, and especially in the defective body cells thus meaning that the spread of cancer is more probable in people and animals exposed to nuclear radiation than people in normal environments (D’Arrigo, 2004; Pike, 1998).
Testing of nuclear weapons continue releasing ionizing radiation pollutants into the environment. According to Catcott (2003, p. 228), the effect of ionizing radiation released by such tests takes two forms; 1) acute radiation effects,
Reconciling old and New rules in Today’s Society Essay essay help free
Scientific research indicates that social change is inevitable as human beings continue to move from industrial to post industrial age.
Social change entails changes in social and institutional patterns. Duffy and Artwater (8) point out that various challenges face societies due to the rapid changes in technology, and particularly in this age of communications technology, which has made the world a global village. Challenges abound, people are growing up in a world of greater independence and freedom.
Research indicates that people, especially women and individuals with the lowest education levels, suffer from technophobia, a problem directly related to technology (Christine 2). In addition, government controls and increased centralization, worker alienation, inequalities in the social and economic dimension, high inflation, unemployment, poverty and racism seem to be inherent in the system.
Other challenges paused are rapid population growth, environmental pollution, and scarcity of resources. Duffy and Artwater (8) suggest that to overcome all these challenges, American society must accommodate cultural diversity and embrace the need to learn more about ourselves.
In the American society, people are vulnerable to insecurity, individualism that entails individual success, loneliness, and confusion. (Duffy and Artwater 8). Decidophobia, on individual level, makes one unable to make life’s most important and critical decisions, a problem rampant in the modern society (Christine 6).
In addition, the challenges of drifting along without choosing on how to live seem guided by no ties. Duffy and Artwater have shown that establishing strong codes in society can help overcome these problems, while enhancing and perpetuating tradition. Decision making at family level on a shared platform with clearly understood agreements contributes to the alleviation of these problems.
Further still, authority should identify the kind of strategy and personality to use, which may be government, expert, religious body, or an institution. Duffy and Artwater (8), report that, most people in today’s society pursue more freedom, but see their parents in the industrial age constrained all round ranging from education to economic assertion, which they have escaped.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, new postindustrial generation enjoy more and flexible options in family matters, family and friends, wealth acquisition, freedom on where to live, sex and marriages, and travel. These, compared to the industrial age indicate a gap in positive freedom, more asserted in the postindustrial generation (Duffy and Artwater 9).
Further still, it is quite challenging to reconcile new and old rules, as they at certain points seem to be divergent. The rapid accumulation of social changes has given rise to new rules, which focus more on individualism, a shift to self-indulgence. This provides a critical point of shift from the old to the new. This entrenches the facts of giving and getting (Christine 45). This pact identifies personal relationship, work, and the community expectations.
While self-denial signifies the old pact, loyalty in the postindustrial era can undergo assessment at the level of individual gain, and if there is self-denial, what one likely to gain in return for giving to the society. There is need for corrective balance between an individual and self-sacrifice. Gradually, smooth transition from the traditional authorities to people’s self-actualization behavior needs much emphasis (Christine 65).
Contributions and Limitations of Theory of the Study of Personality The study of personality revolves around the characteristic set of an individual that influence cognition and behavior. One of these is Eli’s theory of personality. This theory emphasizes on the need for an agent to triggers action or behavior. The resulting reaction or emotional change to the event elicits emotional behavior.
Therefore, this theory focuses on changing an individual’s thoughts and beliefs to change behavior. This theory, best illustrated below consists of six components commonly referred to as the A-B-C theory of personality. The components include an activating agent, belief, disputing intervention, emotional and behavioral consequences, effects, and new feelings.
A (activating agent) B (belief) C (emotional and behavioral consequences)
D9 (disputing intervention) E (effects) F (new feelings)
We will write a custom Essay on Reconciling old and New rules in Today’s Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to this theory, therapists can help individuals in positive decision-making. This helps psychologists underpin actual causes of poor decision-making strategies. It unearths root causes of personal problems such as failures in exams and helps therapists instruct their clients on how to prepare and take corrective positive actions. Elli’s theory helps therapists identify ideas, which he calls “self-defeating” if believed leads an individual to self-destruction.
Elli asserts that for an individual to have sincere love expectantly looking for approval from people one values is a degenerating element. Christine (127) points out that the theory identifies how individuals identify their needs in relation to the idea of proving competence or exceptional talent. It identifies those certain negative issues inherent in an individual for diagnosis not necessarily through punishment.
Punishment, according to the theory, may not be indispensably necessary those who have wronged an individual. Further still, the theory refutes claims that life is wickedly awful when things do not go according to one’s wishes, emotional pressure evolves from within, fear and upset from awful events, failure to take self-rewarding actions, happiness is achieved through inertia and inaction, possession of exceptional order by an individual, and that one can rate self on a universal scale.
This theory suffers from the weakness of not probing a problem afflicting and individual and unearthing its deep-rooted nature. The theory’s other weakness is that it only identifies the thought patterns of an individual and based on these assumptions, it relies on already well established behavioral procedures to correct an individual’s psychoanalytical needs.
Another weakness in this theory revolves round the quest for an in-depth solution to the irrational ideas inherent in individuals. A closer look at this theory suggests that people who commit suicide are bad in the society. Personality should not be limited to cognitive theory only. Cognition should be one of the basis upon which personality is studied.
In addition, this theory should be blended and modified to suit modern trends in life as life keeps on changing. Changes in life from the industrial to the post-industrial era have come along with accumulation of many individual problems that need various therapeutic approaches. Inclusive of the modern approaches to therapy, should be an in-depth exploration of an individual’s behavior, emotional effects, interpersonal relationships, self- image, cognition, and sensation.
Why Visit Psychotherapists and How to go about it Research indicates that psychotherapy is a vital component in society particularly due to the accumulation of post-industrial societal problems. According to Duffy and Artwater (352), individuals need self-actualization, courage to affirm self, and power for positive living. This enhances openness in an individual and the society. Visiting a psychotherapist enables individuals make positive decisions and enhances critical thinking skills.
One’s growth is essential in the modern society. To enable people develop positively, psychotherapeutic treatments make individuals understand how avoid and not succumb to boredom with its associated evils. In addition, counseled individuals have a high degree of avoiding tendencies such as, suppression, drug use, violence, and irresponsible sexual acts.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Reconciling old and New rules in Today’s Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Certain medical conditions demand psychological rather than application of drugs. Such drugs include psychoactive drugs most commonly prescribed in the Unite States. These tranquilizers are used on individuals going through difficulty times with stress related disorders, and withdrawal from drug use. However, these drugs have devastating side effects such as fatigue, drowsiness, impaired motor functioning, and other fatal implications on an individual’s health.
Evidently, for cases, which need therapeutic solution, these are the best alternatives to take. A host of drugs are available which are administered on patients with a variety of serious medical conditions or who exhibit certain symptoms. These include drugs such as lithium, for bipolar disorder, antipsychotic drugs, for people with schizophrenia, a severe disorder.
While these drugs play a vital role in curbing and giving due attention to those affected, its clear from scientific research that various alternatives exist. Psychotherapists recommend that patients may undertake exercise by doing community work, which acts as a vital link in relieving stress related problems (Duffy and Artwater 362).
Other reasons for visiting include the treatment of the whole person. While drug administration may do away with certain symptoms in a patient, it could be vital to visit such clinics as a way of detecting the possibility of a problem and treat it without certain problems surfacing too late to be diagnosed.
It is important for individuals to visit such clinics for personal growth, self-actualization, and to discover themselves. In addition, the therapist to choose must be consistent with the needs of an individual’s needs. Personal needs drive one to determine which therapist to visit. This implies that a person should evaluate one’s medical condition, personal needs, and whether the problems are in the cognitive category, or whatever the category of the problem.
Research, however indicates that some therapeutic methods are superior to others, implying that a client should choose from the variety the best therapy to attend (Duffy and Artwater 364). However, though the type of therapy does not influence the outcome from a client’s treatment, an articulate patient is more likely to benefit from such treatment by a large extent. This implies that the type of therapy does not really affect the outcome but the expertise of the therapist and the patient.
In addition, when choosing a therapist, factors to consider include, professional training of the therapist, certification, and the comfort derived from the therapist by the client. These include listening to the client, and the therapist capability to understand the client (Duffy and Artwater 366).
Works Cited Artwater, Eastwood, and Duffy g. Karen Psychology for Living: Adjustment, Growth, and Behavior Tody 7th edition ISBN: 0-13-040950-2
Christine, Brain. Advanced psychology: applications, issues and perspectives. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. ISBN 0174900589: (2002)
Stories from Vietnam Essay college essay help: college essay help
What do stories related by soldiers who fought in Vietnam tell you about the experiences of soldiers in Vietnam? How was this war different from World War II?
The Vietnam War turned out to be one of the most tragic experiences of the twentieth century. Not only did it bring about death and sorrow inherent in any war, but it also led to dramatic social consequences and resulted in radical divisions among American families, communities, and the whole nation (Davidson et al., 2008).
Opinions split as for the essence and necessity for the war, and the nation’s spirits dropped as thousands of American soldiers were perishing in a foreign land for no obvious reason. In the dissonance of opinions on the Vietnam War, it appears reasonable to turn to the first-hand experiences of the veterans and to draw real-life information from their stories.
When reviewing the Vietnam soldiers stories published on The Vietnam Experience (2008) and Vietnam Stories Regarding War (2010) websites, one gets the general impression of depression and disappointment that characterize the veterans. Most of them confess that the Vietnam War has left an indelible imprint on their outlook and character, with some people getting stronger, others being weakened and destroyed for decades onwards (Vietnam Stories Regarding War, 2010).
Joe Galloway confesses that for many of them the Vietnam War was “everything”, a defining moment in life that worked later on as a prism through which they judged the world (Vietnam Stories Regarding War, 2010). Roland Rocheleau’s memories reveal the hypocrisy and the lack of professionalism in the army officials who conducted show visits and prohibited taking pictures of real-life Vietnam (Vietnam Stories Regarding War, 2010).
The same indignation at the mendacity of motives and tendency for disinformation among the official press is seen in Edward Ewing’s sketch: a journalists jumps into the safety of the helicopter out of turn and intends to simply brag his own deeds instead of objectively recording the army’s courage; a lieutenant colonel is awarded a medal although he was never present at the battlefield (The Vietnam Experience, 2008).
Such injustice could not be overlooked by the soldiers who fought to their last breath for ideals of democracy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The abovementioned attitude of emotional rejection constitutes the core difference between the Vietnam War and the World War II. As contrasted to American fight against fascism for the greater good of the whole planet during the Second World War, the war in Vietnam appears a violent and unwelcome intrusion into a totally foreign territory which neither asked for help from outside nor needed it.
The disturbed American society experienced economic and spiritual downturn, as the war overseas echoed in the domestic unrest (Davidson et al., 2008). The most dramatic part was that those soldiers who survived the terrors and injustice of war on the battle field returned home only to be met with the same injustice there. Contrary to the elevated moods that ruled the world after the victory over fascism, no triumphant reception of war veterans was held after the Vietnam War.
According to the testaments of ex-soldiers, they faced distrust and ignorance from the civilians only for doing what they were told to (Vietnam Stories Regarding War, 2010). This cold and blaming attitude led to a huge social disaster of the Vietnam veterans who could never resume normal peaceful life again. In addition to the ghosts of the war horrors, they were haunted by public ostracism and condemnation which made their lives miserable and senseless.
References Davidson, J., DeLay, B., Heyrman, C., Lytle, M.
Urban Pollution – Many Long Years Ago Essay essay help: essay help
Urban Pollution – Many Long Years Ago is a masterpiece written by Joel A. Tarr addressing the issue of urban pollution many years ago before the invention of automobile. Tarr also compares pollution caused by automobiles to that caused by horses, putting into consideration the promises that came with automobiles with respect to creating cleaner and safer streets. Finally, Tarr comments on the optimism that people have towards nuclear power plants as substitute to fossil fuels.
By 1970s, Americans were grappling with the reality of automobiles with respect to urban pollution with many claiming that it would be better if horses were still used as form of transport. However, though unknown to many people, horses caused the same pollution problems that automobiles were causing at that time.
As early as the 14th century, people were decrying foul due to sanitation problems caused by horses. According to Tarr, by 1907, some cities like Milwaukee had a population of 12,500 horses translating to 133 tons of manure daily (13). This manure offered rich breeding grounds for flies, which are disease carriers.
The great number of horses in the streets of American cities caused air pollution. Combination of hay, harness oil, urine and manure produced a strong stench making the streets filthy. Swarms of flies were all over. Ironically, steam engine did not replace horse transportation because horses had to ferry people to and from their residential areas.
Dwellers of American cities around this time were constantly faced with the challenge of cleaning streets of horse manure and urine putrefaction. This forced authorities in New York and Boston to set aside money to facilitate cleaning of streets.
Fear of disease drove many urban residents to come together, backed with the authorities to clean streets to “divest the city of that foul aliment on which the pestilence delights to feed” (Tarr 15). Typhoid, small pox, and cholera among other diseases emanated from these filthy conditions in the streets. Nevertheless, in the mid nineteenth century, these efforts were scuttled by corruption and reluctance to engage in this unsatisfying task.
Noise pollution was also rampant from clopping iron horse shoes to clanking wagon wheels. This led to banning of horse drawn wagons in some cities to avoid interfering with important matters like deliberations of General Court. The scene of horses in streets was also disturbing to the eye given that many were drudges spending the whole day being overburdened.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This led to death of many along the streets and as they putrefied, they added another problem to urban pollution. Others broke their legs and lied by the streets to nurse their wounds making the scenery pathetic.
Then the automobiles came as people ushered in the twentieth century. Optimism was high hoping that elimination of horses from the streets would create a safer and cleaner environment with automobiles offering this antidote.
Eventually, many cities banned use of horses from their streets giving way to automobiles. This move came with not only efficiency and time saving, but also with its setbacks. It did not take long for people to realize that noise pollution from automobiles was more than that of horses and wagons. Automobile emissions nettle eyes and causes lung infections just like horse manure.
Automobiles are causing greater environmental challenges that will soon dwarf those emanating from horses if unchecked. Nuclear electricity looks promising but the repercussions may be far reaching. To recap this, automobiles cause urban pollution just like horses; moreover, nuclear electricity will come with its demerits, urban pollution is here to stay.
Works Cited Tarr, Joel. “Urban Pollution – Many Years Ago.” American Heritage. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co. 1971.
Total Compensation in HRM Essay writing essay help
Table of Contents Performance appraisal
Human Resource Development
Discipline and dismissal
Total compensation is a term used in the practice of human resource management to refer to the aggregate benefits which arise from a person’s employment. It incorporates all the programs, plans, opportunities and benefits accruing from employment. The range of benefits include cash pay in the form of salaries and wages, medical schemes, allowances for different reasons, pension plans as well as a host of other benefits such as training opportunities, free housing and others.
In man careers, the entire package is far more important than the financial remuneration from the employment. Many workers will consider elements of growth as well as work life balance as opposed to narrowing down to the salary they will receive.
Compensation policies and practice are important elements of human resource management practice. They involve a comprehensive evaluation of the human resource requirements and the development of relevant guidelines to direct not only the compensation programs but guide the processes of training and development relevant for the specific occupation.
This is in consideration of the fact that compensation is the one most critical factor which determines the level of motivation and even more importantly the rate of staff turnover. It is therefore important that proper compensation policies and practices are developed to ensure optimal productivity among the workers.
Within the public sector organizations, salaries are mainly based on categories established by experts. Across government institutions, employees earn similar packages but which may be adopted to fit the different operations which fit the different circumstances faced by the different workers.
Performance appraisal Performance appraisal refers to the process by which the performance of employees is assessed. It looks at elements of effectiveness o an employee in terms of the quality of work produced by the employee in time. The process helps obtain a more accurate valuation of the worth of an employee by recording and analyzing information pertaining to the employee performance in the organization. It is an important element of any meaningful career development.
Performance appraisals are done for a number of reasons. The most important is to enhance career development. Appraisals offer suitable platforms for discussion of issues relating to the development of suitable strategies meant to maximize the potential of careers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They also offer opportunities for the more experienced and knowledgeable people to share or counsel the upcoming young employees on the correct paths to follow in growing their careers. This ensures that the organization is well able to effectively plan for succession for its different levels of careers.
In addition, career developers are well able to assess the needs existing within the organization in terms of training and upgrading of skills available. This is a basic prerequisite for developing adequate plans for career development which seek to close the knowledge gaps existing in the organization. More importantly, the appraisals offer a platform to improve individual abilities and also make decisions regarding training and development.
The second objective is to acquire feedback. Feedback comes in two ways. Directors may be interested in how the employees feel about their supervisors. On the other hand, the employees should know how they are viewed in the organization.
This gives them the opportunity to accurately identify areas they need to correct in a bid to improve the perception about them in the organization. Again, feedback offers unique opportunities for employees to constructively discuss with their seniors on the best ways possible to improve on their weaknesses and even build more on their strengths.
Thirdly, performance appraisals are meant to reduce grievances among employees. This is mainly in cases where disputes arise due to the manner in which promotions and salary hikes are awarded. This by making clear the criteria used in determining the decisions and also showcasing the evidence for the decisions made. This not only minimizes conflict but also motivates the employees towards achieving the criteria for the promotions hence improving efficiency in the organization.
On the other hand performance appraisals also aid in the achievement of organizational goals. They are useful in clarifying the expectations set by the organization for each employee, Again, the help in developing relevant objectives for the subsequent periods while at the same time giving the employees a clear understanding of their roles in the achievement of the overall goals of the organization.
Still, appraisals enable accurate decision making in cases of the need to lay-off workers. It is much easier to identify the people to easily dismiss given the need to do so if the appraisals are already undertaken. This ensures that the organization does not lose the best performing staff in cases of downsizing or restructuring.
We will write a custom Essay on Total Compensation in HRM specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Finally, appraisals give a clear account of the success of career development decisions made in the past. These offer a good basis on which to base the decisions for which future actions will be based. The assessment may necessitate the need to continue with the path already on course or completely depart from this course in search of a better channel.
Trait-based rating is a performance appraisal method common among commercial organizations. The appraisal is based on elements of integrity and other personal traits such as dynamism and aggressiveness. The managers rank the employees in terms of how well their personality traits fit the roles undertaken by the employees. This model has however attracted sharp criticism due to two main reasons. First is the fact that personality traits are largely static.
One may be able to change his/her attitude or behavior to suite the expectations but changing ones personality is not easy. This then defeats the essence of carrying out appraisals which are aimed at improving and not necessarily doing away with employees. Secondly, the method is ambiguous of vague hence is prone to abuse. This is because it is not based on any concrete evidence of performance.
Achievement based appraisals on the other hand are purely based on the ability of an employee to deliver results. It establishes the suitability of an individual to occupy a position on his/her ability to deliver the quality and quantities expected. The method is supported by most human resource experts due to the fact that it is based on tangible evidence and more importantly, it offers opportunities for improvement.
It also seeks to reward achievement and therefore encourages the continuity of achievement. However, not all types of jobs can effectively be assessed using this method. There has to be tangible evidence of performance such as sales volumes for the method to be effective. However, it is still applicable in most job evaluations.
Competency based rating approach to performance appraisal focuses mainly on the perceived abilities of a person to perform tasks as expected. The evaluation relies on achievement of the individual to determine his/her future abilities. Here, a qualified person is considered for promotion as opposed to a more productive but relatively unqualified person. This forms the most visible disadvantage for this approach.
Human Resource Development Human resources development refers to the deliberate efforts geared towards developing individual skills of the employees as well as the entire organization’s skills. It refers to the entire process of continually up scaling the productivity of the entire workforce in an organization.
Human resources department is charged with the responsibility of ensuring that there is adequate and targeted development of skills and competencies towards the achievement of the goals of the organization. It comprises of a host of activities some of which include recruitment, evaluations as well as training of the employees in full consideration of the present and future labor requirements for the organization.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Total Compensation in HRM by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the contemporary public and nonprofit organizations human resource development is as necessary as in commercial institutions. This is mainly due to the fact that these organizations also have their goals and targets for which they are formed to achieve.
They may differ from the commercial organizations profit motive but the need for a quality human resource cannot be over emphasized. This being the case, it is equally important that these organizations identify suitable human resource development mechanisms geared towards ensuring that their functions are effectively handled.
There are several strategies for human resource development strategies which seek to accomplish different organizational goals. First is the communication strategy. The strategy focuses on improving the process of educating and training of employees on the upcoming changes as a way of preparing them and enhancing acceptability to change.
Secondly, the quality strategy is directed towards the development of a highly skilled workforce through training and other methods of improving skills. In addition, cost reduction strategy focuses on the need for employees to ensure cost reduction goals are achieved.
Again, ownership and accountability strategy emphasizes on the need for employees to own and appreciate the roles they play in the organization so as to boost their motivation. Still, the systematic training approach focuses on offering avenues to improve and build professionalism and appropriate work cultures which lead to a better organization. As can be seen, all these strategies aim at improving the productivity of the workforce from different approaches.
Training delivery Training delivery refers to the methods as well as contents of a training program. In the process of training there are several considerations for an organization. The most important is the cost control. Cost control refers to the need for a training program’s cost to fall within the confines of the organizations ability to pay.
This is done through establishing the value of the benefits likely to accrue from the training as a way of establishing the maximum amount to be spent on the training. The second consideration is appropriate training program. Proper and relevant training methods should be adopted for different jobs in full consideration of their nature. Certain jobs may require the need to go back to class and upgrade understanding of certain concepts while others require a more practical approach.
Finally it is always important to give adequate emphasis on the technological considerations in the process of human resource development. This requires that the training body ensures that the recent technologies are adequately understood to improve the impact of the training programs.
Training evaluation is the assessment of the success of the training program already undertaken. Its main objective is to determine the impact of the training program on the individual as well as overall productivity of the workforce. There are several criteria used in training evaluation. First is through observation. The managers can just observe the behavior of employees prior and after the training program and determine whether the program was a success or not.
In cases where the behavior improves, then the program was a success. Questionnaires may also be issued to the employees. The main aim here is to determine their feeling towards the program as this largely determines the level of impact the program has on them. Again, the employees may be subjected to a post training interview which helps determine the level to which concepts taught during the training were fully understood.
Discipline and dismissal Discipline is an elaborate corrective process used in the human resource practice to continually guide employee behavior. The disciplinary measures are applied in consideration of the gravity of an offence as well as the prevailing circumstances. Various disciplinary measures include: issuance of warnings, suspensions as well as reprimanding.
Dismissal is the last option of the disciplinary action. It is simple termination of employment. It is important to follow a clear disciplinary guideline before jumping to dismissal as this may prove counterproductive for the organization.
For public personnel managers, the process of discipline and dismissal is more complicated than in other organizations. This is mainly due to the fact that the managers have limited powers mainly due to the elaborate process through which the dismissal has to follow before dismissal. This limits the flexibility of the managers.
A disciplinary action is called an adverse action due to the fact that it is a negative action aimed at instilling some level of pain on the employee in a bid to influence his/her behavior. The main dimensions of a disciplinary action are that the measures should seek to correct or influence behavior and that the action should be just. The disciplinary action should not be focused on punishing the victims. It should also not be unjust as these amounts to correcting a wrong with a wrong.
PEER SURVAILLANCE is the process where work mates are accountable to each other as they work in an organization.
VERTICLE SURVAILLANCE on the other hand refers to an accountability process where the junior staff is accountable to their seniors.
HORIZONTAL SURVEILLANCE is an accountability program where one department is accountable to another department on the same level of organization hierarchy.
Progressive discipline is a concept applied in the process of human resource management where the penalty for a wrong increase with repeated wrong doing. The concept seeks to give adequate disincentive for repetition of offences by employees. Through progressive discipline, an employee who is late may escape with a reprimand. On the second day, he receives a warning, on the third day; he receives a second warning and is made to compensate for the lost hours.
On the fourth day, he may be reported to senior officers for further action which may include demotion, or even dismissal. Due process right of an employee is in reference to the fact that even in the administration of disciplinary measures; the employees’ rights should always be upheld. Disciplinary measures are not excuses for abuse.
Political Values and Implications of Genesis Term Paper best essay help: best essay help
For us to know clearly the controversy or the relationship if there is any, between the book of Genesis and Political Philosophy, we will look at the work of Thomas Pangle. This is in his book Political Philosophy and the God of Abraham. This book is of great importance and considerable merit.
In the book, Pangle majorly inquires into the subtly intelligent relationship, if there is, between the traditional political philosophy founded in Socrates and the revelation in the Hebrew Bible. His purpose is determined — to settle on nothing less, but to reinvigorate what he depicts as “the encounter between political philosophy and the Bible” (Pangle 1). This is at the topmost intellectual level.
If one knows Strauss’s work, he or she would identify Pangle’s thinking, which sees the divide between philosophical manifestation and biblical faith. Philosophical reflection is the approach of understanding the whole, with the human mind without any external assistance.
The biblical faith approach is painstaking submission of both mind and heart to the Law of God. Both Pangle and Strauss agree that the antagonism that exists between the two is fruitful for both views, especial in the fact that both clearly show the human possibility projected by the other.
They differ when Strauss sticks to the fact that human reason is sufficient to make one reach the goals of his life. Pangle decides to take the study of the Bible seriously in order to expose it in a better way. He keeps quiet about pronouncing relationship between philosophy and the Bible, probably for political reasons.
He is very serious with political philosophy, and similarly with the intelligent facts in the Bible even though in has several mysteries. One of the mysteries that Pangle focuses on is in his last chapter about Kierkegaard, specifically on the call of Abraham to sacrifice his only son (Pangle 172-181).
Political philosophy deals with the way people are to live in this world and the reason why the living needs ethics, political affairs and economics. It also explains the relationship of these aspects with philosophic way of living. Politics therefore has its own sphere of life that is lead by reason.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is what we may term as prudent life. It is therefore limited to its nature. On the other hand, the Bible sees prudent life as life of obedience. This is the obedience to the Law of God given through Moses, at times known as Mosaic Law. This includes the Ten Commandments and the elaborate life ethics shown in Deuteronomy. The basis of the Christians faith is obedience, for this means to love God.
It also shows the existence of a relationship between man and God. This is inferred from the Gospel of John when Jesus gives this command about obedience and hearing his word. “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him” (John 14:21).
According to Pangle, there is a similarity between the bible and political philosophy. This is at the point where both focus on the core of our humanity. They both advocate for truth. They agree that human life has to be, by all means guided by the truth alone. They are in consensus on the point that the fundamental theme of our concern for truth is that it is the basis of righteousness and justice. The only thing that might have led the two types of thoughts to irreconcilable incongruity was on the phenomenon of morality.
In his effort to point out clearly the existing rivalry, Pangle begins with Genesis. He explains how the story of creation shows the ultimate existence of humanity. He clearly points out how man is subject to his creator. He agrees with Strauss that the way the Bible begins is understandable. This is when Strauss said, “The Bible begins reasonably…with the beginning” (Strauss 152). Pangle however points out some contradictions.
The first example is the accounts of creation, where God created everything else and finished His creation by creating man and woman. The first account of creations shows that the physical things of nature were first created followed by the plants and animals before human beings were created (Gen. 1:1 – 12, 24 – 29). In the second, all the plants and animals preceded Adam, the man who was first alone.
After the animals had proved to be an incomparable companion to him, Eve the female human was created as the last of the works of creation. She was created out of the man, one of the most fascinating phenomena. Pangle says it appears very hard to take the two accounts literally. On this point he concludes that it is impossibility to appeal to someone’s knowledge, meaning that the whole idea of the deity of God and the Creator is not to be taken literally (Pangle 20).
He farther points out that several philosophers have criticized the very process. He points out the Hermeneutics, and describes them as:
We will write a custom Term Paper on Political Values and Implications of Genesis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The interpretive stance, which views Scripture as the product of self conscious didactic integration of long-maturing literary traditions carried out by compliers and redactors whose artful but pious intelligence never dared to presume itself, simply the master of its materials or sources – does not require us to solve any puzzling feature by finding behind it an intelligible authorial intension (though we are spurred, in the case of each major difficulty, to strive to do so) (Pangle 21).
He continues to give their description as:
We need not and should ever rule out the possibility that any particular case of contradiction, obscurity, or apparent error, we are confronted by irresolvable unclarity caused either by reverent as well as humbly bewildered human equivocation and incompetence or by divine mystery (or by both) (Pangle 21).
In the same point he also describes the high criticisms. The major spotlight of these critics was on the two accounts of creation. They went down to analyze the story of creation with the aim of disapproving it. The main point is that which appears as inconsistency of the story of creation.
This is the point on which Saint Augustine is in strong defense of. In his book On Genesis, he says that those who do not know the Scripture should not censure it. He says, “For there is no book of Scripture that cannot be censured with ease in the eyes of those who do not understand it” (Augustine 48).
In addition to the description of such important topics as the differing suppositions of the origin of the world and the universe, in the Greek philosophy and the Bible, the core of his discourse is in the chapter talking about “The Creation and the Meaning of Evil and Good” (Pangle 71 – 102).
In this, we see the clarity of the characteristic enigma in the nature of sin and divine impartiality or justice. One thing that comes out clearly is the serpent who takes opportunity of eve’s capacity to envy, which shows itself as the emerging longing for self-sufficiency, that is same as the philosophical reason of craving to govern one’s own life. This is basing on one’s own repository of knowledge. Here the conclusion is that that man preferred the tree of knowledge to the tree of life.
It would be very hard for any one to settle for the option of obedience. This would require far-reaching obedience which we would refer to as conscious submission to the will of God. Here it becomes quite difficult to believe that that is what God requires of human beings. It seems impossible. It seems to go back to the days when governments were very dictatorial, differing from the present day democracies. Strauss says:
Not sure if you can write a paper on Political Values and Implications of Genesis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It would be a mistake to believe that Hobbes originally preferred monarchy, on account of its natural origin, to artificial democracy. It happens that the earliest systematic exposition of his views is the most democratic. That the precedence of democracy over the other artificial forms of State is asserted most decisively in the Elements has already been mentioned (Strauss 63).
Basically refusing the fact that, obedience to what one has not decided, is not the way to go.
To obey God, looks like to reject the rule of reason and to refuse to be guided by it completely. According to Pangle, the initial decision to obey the will of God rests on human will. This is based on the knowledge of Good and Evil which a person must have acquired. After settling on what is true, the rule of reason and rationality has still played a major role.
This is much similar to what Luther call the realist’s way of looking at values. He writes, “Values are conserved, according to some new realists, not because an omnipotent God sees to it that they are saved, nor because the universe is such that they cannot be lost, but because values are in themselves eternal” (Luther 157).
Pangle goes back to this matter yet again, towards the ending of this work in the section called Abraham at the Peak. The big questions are: was Abraham seeking his own good by obeying to get the promise? Was Abraham ration in that sense? Was he sacrificing every conceivable good for himself? It is had to answer them. If the latter is, is the sacrifice he made achieved the peak of human living, and so looking for good in any case?
Still pointing out to Abraham’s case, he deduces that it was either mad for him to agree to go and sacrifice his only son or he may have done that in terms of what is good for him. This is if we explain the act rationally and by calculating the answer egoistically. Pangle’s first conclusion on this point is that biblical promise and transcendence proves to be a big misapprehension.
On this mater, which lies in high contrast to the piety of the Bible, Pangle states that, it remains firmly within the boundaries of our sound conviction. He further asserts that philosophy has its ideas presented in a systematic manner. The other world has its moral responsibility very incoherent, and is not noble at all. It that sense philosophy stills has the nobility.
As pangle continues his discourse, he comes to a point where thinking philosophically demands that you abandon all hopes. This is for the reason that the biblical piety might be the real way to go. At the end Pangle has not made a conclusion if to denounce all hope as philosophy wants, or to believe in God who loves and is concerned about every detail of our lives. He lives his readers to find for themselves what is most noble.
Works Cited Augustine, Saint. On Genesis Two Books on Genesis Against the Manichees and on the Literal Interpretation of Genesis: An Unfinished Book. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1990. Print.
Genesis, King James Version. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2008. Print.
John, King James Version. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2008. Print.
Luther, Evans D. New Realism and Old Reality: A Critical Introduction to the Philosophy of the Realists. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1928. Print.
Pangle, Thomas L. Political philosophy and the God of Abraham. Baltimore, Maryland: John Hopkins UP, 2003. Print.
Strauss, Leo. The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: Its Basis and Its Genesis. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1952. Print.
Relative Advantage of the Firm Essay (Critical Writing) essay help
Table of Contents Distinct offerings of the firm
According to the case study, salton inc. enjoys a great advantage in relation to its suppliers placing it at a strategic advantage with its competitors. This strong relationship with suppliers places it at an upper hand in product development, innovation and branding. Further, the case illustrates that the firm has a strategic advantage due to product sourcing from the cheaper Asian markets, which provides it with the advantage of diversification.
According to Afuah, a firm gains competitive advantage over its rivals by establishing strong relationship with suppliers and in this case the firm has 50 different suppliers for its products and a long-term relationship with Markpeak ltd (291). Markpeak Ltd, which supplies the firm with 38% of its products, is a reliable and competent supplier.
According to Afuah, this advantage places the firm at a strategic market leadership position against its competitors and new entrants. By insisting on short-term supplier contracts, risk aversion is entrenched in sourcing for materials. In addition, the firm stresses on the importance of competitive bidding to gain an upper in sourcing for its products, placing it at an upper hand on margins position by ensuring that merchandize is of high quality.
In addition, high quality standards remained a priority (Afuah 292). However, competitors had the disadvantage of slow outsourcing, low volume purchases, translating to high costs and reduced profit margins placing it at a competitive advantage against its competitors. A clear marketing strategy and marketing mix is evident from the above case.
Customers on the other hand enjoyed high quality products, appropriately designed for their needs and wants. Further still, the company specialized in a wide range of quality kitchen, home, personal, and beauty care products.
Thus, the company’s brand name became a household name, an important concept in marketing. In addition, to beat her competitors, the company specialized in a wide range of products such as shower radios, and espressio/cappuccino products that placed the company’s brand at strategic places in homes serving as an advertising method.
Potential new entrants could find it difficulty to penetrate the market due to its strategic position in terms of branding, lowered product cost, good quality products, product differentiation, and good marketing power and unique marketing mix. The firm’s concentration in advertising and marketing, tailor-making products for its customers by addressing their needs and wants, and making the brand name common through superior marketing techniques provides it with a clear lead in the market share.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Distinct offerings of the firm According to the case, the firm offers distinct products specializing in product differentiation, tailor made to meet customer needs and wants. This included healthier and more convenient foods coupled with product diversification. With innovative ingenuity, the food products met the market demands as it were, raking the company in huge profits (Afuah 297).
Further, to boost its sales, the firm produced another brand called juiceman. This brand was similar to the original product but with half the characteristics of the original brand. This made record sales. Product differentiation and flexible pricing mechanisms played an important role in gaining and maintaining a strong lead in the market share.
Brown asserts that firms have to adopt a unique marketing mix, adopt a unique hard selling concepts and competitive pricing to stay ahead in the market (chapter 2). These points to product diversification, product differentiation, and tailor made products to meet customer needs and wants.
Pricing Evident from the case study, marketers did enough research in pricing their products in relation to the value obtained by stressing on the importance of flexible pricing techniques. Pindyck asserts that, “profit-maximizing price-cost margin is inversely related to the firm’s price elasticity of demand” (Pindyck 1). Pindyck further asserts that a firm producing products with interrelated demand must use joint pricing mechanisms for profit maximization by creating a profound effect on sales (Pindyck 9).
According to the above case, product diversification is evident, with innovative blending to meet customer needs with different prices and value. Afuah points out that the firm had excellent pricing techniques by creating a pricing strategy and mix, educating consumers, and providing a single price for any of its products through all its retail outlets (Pindyck 294).
Works Cited Afuah Allan.Business Models: A strategic Management Approach, University of Michigan ® McGraw-Hill Irwin Boston Burr Ridge” ,2003.
Brown Alex. Working To End Horse Slaughter: 1 March 2010 http://www1.udel.edu/alex/chapt2.html
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Relative Advantage of the Firm specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Pindyck s. Robert. Microeconomics. 7 ed. prentice hall june 21 2008
How bills become laws Essay college admissions essay help
Bills are proposals bought into a legislative body for review. Upon acceptance, these proposals are then enacted into laws enforceable by the country. Bills go through a number of processes before they are enacted into laws (Sullivan, 2007).
A proposed bill is first introduced to the house by either a member of the senate, the president or a member of cabinet. Heads of federal agencies could also introduce bills but only through a member of the house (DeDecker, 2008).
After introduction, the bill is then subjected to committee action. At this stage, a committee looks at the bill, comments and makes any revisions as may be necessary. Following hearings and revisions by the committee, reports are written with the committee’s recommendations after which the bill is brought back to the floor of the House and Senate for debate.
In some cases, bills are subjected to a conference committee that is constituted by members from both the house and the senate. This is done in order to reconcile any issues that may be covered by two such bills that may be in both chambers. After careful deliberation, a compromise is then normally reached and a conference report submitted to both chambers on the same (DeDecker, 2008).
Once the bill has passed the committee action stage, it then proceeds to the floor action stage. At this stage, the bill is debated on the floor of the house and senate and any additions and or subtractions made. After the debate on both floors, a decision is then made on whether to approve the bill or not. This is done in a harmonised way to ensure that both the House and the senate reach a consensus on the way forward for the proposed law.
The final version of the bill is agreed upon after the debate and members of both the senate and the house then subject it to a vote.
The last stage of the law making process is whereby the approved bill is sent to the president. Once the president receives the bill, he has an option of commenting and signing it or he may decide to veto it.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Upon the president signing, the bill then immediately becomes law; but if the president decides to veto it, the bill is taken back to congress where it is drafted again or his decision can be overturned by a two thirds majority in both houses. The head of state is allowed a period of ten days to carefully look at the bill and raise any concerns. Once this period expires, the bill becomes law without further delay.(DeDecker, 2008).
The new laws are then published and given numbers. Drafts on how they will be executed are drawn and incorporated in the US code.
References DeDecker, S. (2008). How a Bill Becomes a Law. UCSB Libraries.
Sullivan, V. (2007). How our laws are made. The library of congress.
Heroes at Hogwarts: The Journey of the Hero in the Harry Potter Series Analytical Essay college essay help: college essay help
The theme of a hero’s journey appears repeatedly in the narratives of many cultures. Joseph Campbell, in his 1949 book, inspired by his studies of James Joyce, sets forth his formula for the monomythological adventure, found across most cultures (Monomyth Home Page):
“A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.” (Campbell 30).
Books such as the Harry Potter series fit into the same mythic tradition, a feature which might explain some of the books’ massive appeal and success (Sickels 110).
Campbell’s formulation for reading legends has gained popularity because it can help readers to re-frame their own life events as stages in the hero’s process of departure, adventure, and return. This exercise can add clarity and distance to even very painful or confusing situations (Campbell 382-391)
Finding parallels between tales from widely disparate cultures, well beyond the Classical, encourages young readers from diverse backgrounds to engage with “old school” literature, some of which may be less palatable than others. As another benefit, youthful readers may identify personally with otherwise alien protagonists, in the course of discovering the hero over and over again in literature.
Likewise, in an era of disaffection for “great books”, any print publication which kids stand in line to buy (Turner-Vorbeck 329) is a welcome arrival for those who teach. That the Harry Potter books are written in a fashion robust enough to allow for close reading, for example, in the context of the monomyth of the hero, or in light of philosophical concepts, is another gift (Cline).
Additionally, the Hogwarts youngsters behave like normal kids (unlike the Dursleys, who want to think of themselves as normal (Natov 67)), and the quotidian challenges of their lives include a mass of vivid detail (Behr) . This makes it easier to reflect on personal parallels with the reader’s life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consider Harry Potter’s journey in light of the hero’s journey. Concealed and neglected for 10 years in Little Whinging, for his own safety, his identity concealed, he is yanked away by avalanching owl-borne letters and Hagrid’s strength. His Muggle relatives vociferously try to refuse the call for him.
Hagrid (fulfilling the role of crone) explains his miraculous infancy (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 35-58). The wizard world quickly alerts him that he is destined for special achievement by having survived his encounter with Voldemort merely scarred (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 69, 83-85, 95). How he fulfills this special destiny is the meat of the story over the next books (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets passim) (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban passim).
Temptations abound, e.g., the mirror of Erised, offering a precious glimpse of his lost parents (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 209), the sorcerer’s stone which threatens to revive Voldemort, and the yielding up of which could save Harry from the Dark Lord’s wrath (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 294). Even the Marauders’ Map offers a temptation to break rules and take unfair advantage (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 192-194).
Challenges also abound, e.g. trolls (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 172-176) hexed broomsticks (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 189), three-headed dogs (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 161), the giant spider Aragog (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets 275) , and sentient trees.
Some of the perils come from the very teachers who are entrusted with his care, such as Quirrel (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 291-294), and others are perpetrated by the very guardians of order in the wizard world (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 83).
Sometimes they only seem to be perpetrated by teachers – Severus Snape is an ambiguous, but ever-recurring figure throughout the series (Appelbaum 93), reminiscent of the dangerous supernatural guides in the mythic tradition, who are just as likely to eat you, or turn you to stone, as to help you.
He gradually comes to realize that his destiny is try to eliminate the threat to both the wizard and Muggle worlds by Voldemort and those he influences. His career at Hogwarts – the classes, the study, the social life – all this is the surface of his life. The real thrust consists of his preparation for an ultimate conflict with the Dark Lord (Appelbaum 85).
We will write a custom Essay on Heroes at Hogwarts: The Journey of the Hero in the Harry Potter Series specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Like the hero of myth Harry forays riskily past the threshold of the seen world into non-normal realms, often in subterranean locales, with which Hogwarts is so plentifully endowed (for example the hole into which he conveniently, and in prime archetypal fashion, slides headfirst to access the Honeydukes establishment (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 195-196).
He returns safely from these “places”, but often only with the skill of Madame Pomfrey’s nursing (another crone figure), or the help of the brilliant and talented Hermione Granger, an obvious stand-in for the gray-eyed Athena!
Harry also encounters father figures, just as in the Campbell formulation, and the father in himself: the unreal image of his father in the mirror of Erised, the Patronus stag that seems to appear to help him, (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 237-241), Albus Dumbledore, Sirius Black, Mr. Weasley, and even Severus Snape, the character we all love to hate.
Over the course of the series, Harry must lose most of these mentors, and his idealistic picture of his real father; all are taken from him save the father within himself.
Whatever their attitude towards the spiritual or the religious, many people have a need to make sense of their lives. The spiraling journey of the hero that Harry follows over the course of the series allows readers to articulate a personal life narrative. This can be a useful aid in reflection and self-awareness.
The availability of a hero narrative, conveniently embedded within such a wildly popular book, accessible to young readers, places this tool for reflection within the reach of a broad population of kids and adults world-wide (especially since the series has been extensively translated).
In the hands of a wise instructor, the theme of the hero, expressed so entertainingly in the Harry Potter books, can serve both as a valuable bridge to the consideration or re-examination of the ancient tales of classic literature, as well as to self-discovery.
Bibliography Appelbaum, Peter. “The Great Snape Debate.” Critical Perspectives on Harry Potter. Ed. Elizabeth E. Heilman. 2. New York: Routledge, 2009. 83-100.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Heroes at Hogwarts: The Journey of the Hero in the Harry Potter Series by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Behr, Kate. “Philospher’s Stone to Resurrection Stone: Narrative Transformations and Intersecting Cultures across the Harry Potter Series.” Critical Perspectives on Harry Potter. Ed. Elizabeth E. Heilman. 2. New York: Routledge, 2009. 257-271.
Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1949.
Cline, Austin. Harry Potter and Philosophy: If Aristotle Ran Hogwarts. Web.
Cosentino, Donald J. “African Oral Narrative Traditions.” Cosentino, Donald J. Teaching Oral Traditions. Ed. John Miles Foley. New York: Modern Language Association, 1998. 183.
Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist, Or The Parish Boy’s Progress. Vol. 2. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1869.
L’Engle, Madeleine. A Wrinkle In Time Quintet. 5 vols. Harrisonburg: R.R. Donnelly and Sons Company, 2009.
Monomyth Home Page. Ed. Michelle Delattre. Office of Resources for Area and International Studies of the Universiity of California, Berkeley. Web.
Natov, Roni. “Real Lessons From A Fantasy World.” Readings on J.K. Rowling. Ed. Gary Wiener. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2003. 64-78.
Rowliing, J.K. Harry Potter And The Order Of The Phioenix. New York: Scholastic, 2007.
Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets. New York: Scholastic, 2007.
—. Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows. New York: Scholastic, 2007.
—. Harry Potter And The Goblet Of Fire. New York: Scholastic, 2007.
—. Harry Potter And The Half-Blood Prince. New York: NY, 2007.
—. Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban. New York: Scholastic, 2007.
—. Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone. New York: Scholastic Books, 1997.
Sickels, Amy. Mythmaker: The Story Of J.K. Rowling. 2nd edition. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2008.
The Minoan Bull Leaping Fresco. 1999-2005. Web.
Tolkien, J.R.R. The Return Of The King. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1956.
Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy. “Potter Mania: Good Clean Fun Or Cultural Hegemony?” Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy. Critical Perspectives On Harry Potter. Ed. Elizabeth E. Heilman. 2nd edition. New York: Routledge, 2009. 329-341.
Footnotes Protagonists such as Gilgamesh, Odysseus, Oedipus, Theseus, Moses, Jesus Christ, King Arthur, Oliver Twist (Dickens passim), the Bagginses (Tolkien passim), and even Meg Murry, Madeline L’Engle’s spunky heroine (L’Engle passim), exert a continuing fascination, arising, according to Joseph Campbell, from their stories’ underlying conformance with the monomyth’s narrative arc. Harry Potter is a worthy addition to this list of heroes (Sickels 110).Campbell’s model also stimulates ongoing and very lively criticism. He has been faulted for over-emphasizing universality, thereby obscuring ethnographically significant detail in oral traditions (Cosentino 183). This seems to be a quite legitimate caution. For example, the tale of Theseus and the Minotaur should be examined in cultural context, including mysterious portrayal, on Minoan artifacts, of bull-leaping (The Minoan Bull Leaping Fresco)
Although the final denouement occurs past the scope of the third book, his ultimate vanquishing of the forces of Voldemort, in company with Dumbledore’s “army”, bequeaths to the wizard world a safer future, albeit sadly bereft of dear friends. The relatively normal wizard family that he is foreshadowed to eventually build with Ginny represents the return to life that completes the hero’s journey (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Goblet Of Fire passim) (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Half-Blood Prince passim) (Rowliing passim) (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows)
What constitutes our call to adventure, our leap into the unknown? What positive, constructive gift of insight or maturity can we bring back from a powerful experience such as illness or loss of a loved one? How can we reconcile with the progenerative parent figure or figures in our lives or within ourselves? How can we atone for our misdeeds? How can we re-integrate ourselves into the world after a transformative time of internal struggle?
The Administration of Disciplinary Action and Its Forms Essay a level english language essay help
An important element of human resource development is the administration of disciplinary action. Often, employees may be found to be out of line with the organization expectations. This prompts the need to establish some reaction measures with the aim of discouraging situations where employees fall short of the organizations expectations. Some common forms of disciplinary actions include reprimands, suspensions and dismissal. Some forms of disciplinary actions include reprimands, suspensions, demotion or even dismissal.
Most disciplinary actions are seen as adverse actions. This is because most of them are aimed at instilling some level of pain or discomfort on the employees. When an employee is demoted for having a poor attitude towards work of for consistently not achieving the set targets, the action adversely affects them.
There are several dimensions of a disciplinary action. These dimensions ensure that the disciplinary action is as effective as possible. First, the disciplinary action should be aimed at ensuring that the employee behavior improves. This means that the action should not merely punish the victim but should influence the behavior towards the desirable attributes.
Secondly, the disciplinary action should be just and congruent to the magnitude of the offence committed. This implies that the disciplinary action should be to the scale of the wrong done. This way it is effective as there is a feeling that the action is well deserved. Thirdly, disciplinary action should be consistent. Similar action should be taken for similar offences for all employees.
PEER SURVAILLANCE is an accountability process where employees are given the responsibility of watching each other as they undertake their tasks. This method is now being seen as the most effective in ensuring accountability among work mates. The method is known to greatly enhance relationships at the work place while at the same time improving productivity in the organizations workforce. It is the most ethically plausible staff management method.
VERTICLE SURVAILLANCE on the other hand follows a hierarchical organizational structure to determine who is accountable to who is answerable to which member of the organization. Here junior employees are report to their seniors. This model is widely used by organizations around the world. However, its effectiveness in relation to the peer surveillance has been highly questioned.
HORIZONTAL SURVEILLANCE seeks to place the roles of accountability within the various existing departments. One department is accountable to another so long as they are on the same level of the organizational hierarchy. This model is mainly applicable in organizations where different departments complement each other towards achieving the overall organizational goal. In a case where one department is performing poorly, other departments are affected hence the push for better performance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Progressive discipline is a concept applied in the practice of human resource management. The concept stipulates that a penalty for a wrong doing should keep increasing with repetition. This means that every time an employee does a wrong, the penalty is stiffer than the previous time the same wrong was committed.
It is aimed at discouraging repeated mistakes within the organization. The first time may attract a verbal reprimand, the second a written warning, the third a suspension while the fourth would attract a demotion and finally dismissal.
Progressive discipline enables the human resource department to continually influence employee behavior. The fact that a stiffer penalty is imposed each time an offence is repeated means that the employees are highly motivated to achieve the organizations expectations. The effectiveness of the actions is enhanced by several issues. First, the action should be timely.
One should take action early enough before the behavior develops in to a habit. This is amounts to a nip on the bud. Secondly, one should be fair in application. Fairness is first seen by clarifying and clearing the expectations placed on the employee within the organization. More importantly, the actions should direct the employee’s behavior. This is through availing avenues of solving the existing problems with the workers.
In the process of enforcing the progressive disciplinary action, it is important that one is careful not to violate the rights of the employees. Due Process right of an employee refers to the full consideration of the legal implications of the actions taken against an employee. It is critical for the rights of an employee to be fully respected to avoid cases where disputes arise on the legality of the actions.
This not only ensures that the process of human resource management is smooth, but also ensures that the organization is free of legal tussles. The most important dimensions of progressive discipline actions include fairness and measured severity. The actions should be fair and consistent among the employees. When one is reprimanded, the second penalty should be just slightly severe and should not jump to dismissal.
However, the progressive disciplinary actions should be in full consideration of the severity of the successive offence. If an individual misappropriated funds and was reprimanded, a second and bigger scale attempt to still will not attract another warning but would justifiable lead to dismissal of the employee.
We will write a custom Essay on The Administration of Disciplinary Action and Its Forms specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Women Treatment and Its Influence of Different Civilizations Essay best essay help: best essay help
The role of women in different civilizations is always considered to be significant and rather influential. In fact, the treatment of women may serve as a kind of standard according to which many civilizations can be judged and evaluated.
It is also possible to analyze what civilization and why may be influenced by some other factors and what the outcomes of these impacts will be. Kevin Reilly in his book The West and the World touches upon numerous aspects which help to define the peculiarities of different civilizations and tell a lot about Greek, Roman, Japanese, Indian, and Medieval European civilizations.
In each of the above-mentioned civilization, women were treated in different ways that help to realize that each nation is unique and worthy of recognition. It was hard for a woman to get the same rights as men did. This is why to prove their rights and abilities to be treated on a proper level, women of all civilizations had to pass a long way and be able to get everything from this world as men did it for a long period of time.
Greek, Indian, and other civilizations demonstrate different treatments of women; the status of women has been changed considerably with time but still some grounds allow to evaluate the peculiarity of each nation and to define its strong and weak sides from such perspectives like hunting, agriculture, love and sex, and love and devotion.
Discussion It is useless to deny the fact that we all live in a man’s world. It is a usual affair to observe men in politics, economy, business, and many other vital spheres of life. When a woman tries to take some important position, she has to be ready to constant judgments, suggestions, and improvements from male side.
Is it true that women are always under male power? Or are there any periods of time when women had more powers and rights and the civilizations where women’s role was appreciated on the necessary level? To find a proper answer to these questions, it is necessary to analyze different civilizations and clear up what kinds of achievements were defined then.
Women and men: general overview. For a long period of time, it was stated that women had fewer rights in comparison to those which men did. However, to gain better understanding of what role women played in their societies, more attention should be paid to their actions, duties, and roles and rely to not only on some written records. For example, during the ancient times, in many civilizations like Medieval Europe, women were treated as gods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thinkers define “the first human society …a ‘matriarchy’ (literally, a world of female power, or ‘mother-power’)” (Reilly, Men and Women: Hunters and Gatherers, 15). This way of treatment of women proves that Medieval European civilizations paid much attention to gods and their power over ordinary people.
However, it was not the only one civilization that was devoted to gods. The representatives and Rome and Greece also demonstrated their interests in gods’ power but still they relied more on male gods and treated to female gods as good wives of gods who provided the necessary support.
The representatives of the Indian civilization prefer to identify women’s power as something that is assumed that established. Men were always responsible for women; they had the right to work, hunt, and bring food to homes, and women in their turn had nothing to do but be housewives, cook, and wait for their husband to be back.
However, each country agreed to the fact that women in comparison to men were the only ones able for reproduction. For a long period of time, the ability to “produce life from their own bodies” (Reilly, Men and Women: Hunters and Gatherers, 13) was a real magic that could not be explained.
This is why to provide women with a chance to give a birth to one more human being, men had to treat to women with all respect and care. Humankind was impossible without women, and each civilization admitted this fact from the earliest times.
Women and men: agricultural perspective. The development of agricultural and urban revolution influenced considerable the treatment of women and their roles as mothers and wives. This kind of revolution started in the Middle Europe and India and spread over China, Japan, and America within a short period of time (Reilly, Mothers and Fathers: Agricultural and Urban Revolutions, 25).
It was stated that women developed agriculture in their homes: they already got the necessary experience in gardening and planting, they knew what kinds of plants were better for usage; this is why it was not too difficult for them to develop this sphere on the necessary level.
We will write a custom Essay on Women Treatment and Its Influence of Different Civilizations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More During the Neolithic times, different civilizations got a chance to improve their positions and relations with each other. In Neolithic Japan, people made use of female figurines in fertility cults (Reilly, Mothers and Fathers: Agricultural and Urban Revolutions, 32).
Such countries like China and Japan were the ones who did not want to create a kind of gender line and minimize women’s power, this is why the successful achievements of these countries may be explained by the fact that they did not find it necessary to divide society but direct all their skills and powers to strengthen their cultures and their traditions.
The results of how fast civilizations developed were rather unpredictable. On the one hand, women made numerous attempts to develop agriculture and improve the current state of living affairs. But on the other hand, Greece, Roman, and Indian men continued to study the world of wild animals and develop more important things to promote the development.
The results of such improvements changed a lot: matrilineal descent led to increasing of agricultural revolution, and “a majority of agricultural societies may have remained patrilineal” (Reilly, Mothers and Fathers: Agricultural and Urban Revolutions, 33). Greece female gods and the Earth Mother had been removed by Bacchus and the Sky Father.
These considerable changed during the Neolithic period of time proved that people did not want to maintain to one and the same traditions and rules, and if Indian and Roman women were treated poorly all the time, the role of women in such civilizations like Greece, Medieval Europe, and Japan was dramatically decreased quickly.
Love and sex by men and women. Each civilization has its own attitude to marriages, love, and sexual relations between men and women. The analysis of these attitudes may help to define how exactly women are treated in different countries and how this treatment influences society. For example, Greeks considered love as the issue that promoted the development of the world.
“They spoke of love often, symbolized it as the heart pierced by Cupid’s arrow, diagnosed it as a newly discovered disease, and talked endlessly about its meaning and effects” (Reilly, Love and Sex: Passion and Conquest in Greece, Rome, and India, 160).
However, Greeks did not accept the concepts of love and sex as integral parts of marriage. Even more Greek men did not find it necessary to marry a woman in order to have sex with her or they believed that their relations with women were not as perfect as it was expected. This is why Greek men were eager to find out more emotions and adrenalin in action fighting with men who had the same level of education and the same social status.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Women Treatment and Its Influence of Different Civilizations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Greek women were poorly educated, this is why they knew not much about love, and men used this chance to satisfy their personal demands. The Roman civilization was recognized as the one who liked to steal as many Greek ideas as possible (Reilly, Love and Sex: Passion and Conquest in Greece, Rome, and India, 170). The idea of relations between Roman men and women had something in common with the Greek civilization.
The only point was women of Rome had the right to go from their fathers’ authority to the authority of them husbands. Romans did not pay much attention to love and feelings. They knew that they had to have sex; they knew that they had to fight and conquer more land; and they knew that women should wait for men and satisfy them when it was necessary.
In it turn, the Indian civilization was one of the cruelest in regards to women and their role in society. Treatment of Indian women is similar to the treatment of a cow. This comparison should not be accepted as something humiliating. A cow is worshipped in India; however, it is still difficult for a man to demonstrate his respect to a cow.
The same happened in the relations between men and women. Indian men were aware of female importance in their lives but still could not demonstrate their attitude and devotion to them. This is why “love marriage …was not unknown in India, despite the fact that most marriages were arranged by parents” (Reilly, Love and Sex: Passion and Conquest in Greece, Rome, and India, 182).
Devotion and love introduced by men and women. Medieval Europe is one of those civilizations that accept the idea of marriage and love as something indivisible and important for life. The representatives of this society introduce one of the most powerful and appropriate attitude to relations between men and women.
“Infatuation, liking, loving, falling in love, being in love, and numerous other expressions” (Reilly, Love and Devotion: Chivalry and Sexuality, 271) are used by Europeans to describe their emotions and respect to sex and love between people. This civilization used love as one of the powerful means of communication. The role of women as the most appropriate examples of how to develop love and use it seems to be important and even obligatory for societies.
Conclusion In general, the investigations of the ways of how women were treated for a certain period of time in different civilizations turn out to be rather influential. This treatment may help to define what style of life and what interests were inherent to people with different religious and cultural bases.
Greek civilization was characterized by thorough attention to gods’ roles in human lives and numerous comparisons of women to goddesses. This kind of treatment defined Greeks as religious nation with their own attitude to lives and relations. The Romans spent much time in action, this is why their treatment of women was pure monotonous: women had to respect their men, wait them, and satisfy their needs.
Indian women suffered from strict treatment and the necessity to be under someone’s control always. And Japanese as well as Medieval European civilization demonstrate the most respectful attitude to women and their roles in society admitting that much depends on women and their abilities to keep everything in order and continue reproduction.
Works Cited Reilly, Kevin. “Love and Devotion: Chivalry and Sexuality.” In The West and the World: A History of Civilization from the Ancient World to 1700. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1997. 271-294.
Reilly, Kevin. “Love and Sex: Passion and Conquest in Greece, Rome, and India.” In The West and the World: A History of Civilization from the Ancient World to 1700. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1997. 159-184.
Reilly, Kevin. “Men and Women: Hunters and Gatherers.” In The West and the World: A History of Civilization from the Ancient World to 1700. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1997. 11-24.
Reilly, Kevin. “Mothers and Fathers: Agricultural and Urban Revolutions.” In The West and the World: A History of Civilization from the Ancient World to 1700. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1997. 25-42
Ethical Analysis of American Apparel Sexual Harassment Lawsuits Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents The sexual harassment Lawsuits
This essay analyses the ethical issues and moral dilemma imbedded in or exposed by the American Apparel Sexual harassment Lawsuits case. While the public and victims of Charney’s actions term it as sexual harassment, he has a totally different view. He calls it a marketing and creative working environment which he creates for his employees; some employees like it, others feel offended.
Those offended feel sexually harassed in the work place and term the environment not conducive for them to work. Employees who feel it is ok, claim to take nothing personal, not the salty language, the CEO walking around the premise in pants, pictures of half naked models displayed around the premises and company website. This is how the situation is at the American Apparel, a company manufacturing and selling apparel products made purely in America.
The founder and CEO of this prestigious American company display behaviors that many would not correlate to his position, like walking around in the business premise in pants, asking for sex from his employees even sometimes at the workplace. His tricks seem to work because he has been able to build a business that makes up to $ 250 millions a year (Palmeri 1). The most offended employees quit their jobs and instituted sexual harassment lawsuits against him.
Dov Charney founded American apparel in 1989 when he was still a freshman at Tuft University and is now ranked among the top 500 rapidly growing companies. The company is now faced with issues of sexual harassment labeled against the CEO as well as some of the offer 4,500 employees of the company.
The company employs mostly Latinos and offers its employees an attractive wage package together with other benefits including; subsided lunches, health insurance as well as a paid time off to learn English. The CEO attributes the benefits the company offers her employee to the care and support that the employees give to the company to realize its growth potential. This principle is in accordance with Freeman’s stakeholder theory which alludes which defines stakeholders as the people who ensure the survival of the company.
Freeman indicates that a company should ensure the stakeholders’ welfare is well taken care of. In return to the labour, the company should provide security and attractive wages and a good working environment. Freeman points out that the traditional stakeholder models tend to disregard a broad view of stakeholders in which all those whose activities influence or are influenced by the company have to be included (Bowie 19)
The sexual harassment Lawsuits The American apparel founder was sued by three of her former employees in 2006 for sexual harassment. In the lawsuit, the three complainants allege that Charney exposed himself to them; another one complains she was invited to masturbate with him. Charney is also accused of telling one of his lady employees to hire him Asian women so that he could have sex with them, among other charges of engaging in oral sex with the female employees and masturbating in front of a female reporter during an interview with her.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In defense, he alleges that the lady employees who sued him of sexual harassment were a mere disgruntled lot of employees seeking revenge against him. Two of the three employees who had sued dropped the cases against their former CEO; Mary continues to pursue the case. The law is not clear on how the charges leveled on Charney should be responded to, Charney feels what he does is directed towards marketing and should not be construed to be sexual harassment against the female employees.
Business Ethics The business ethics point of view holds that the business managers need to be virtuous people with proper judgment about situations. According to Aristotle, as a business manager, one has to have the business ethics and know how to apply them as well.
Based on the Aristotelian view of ethics the conduct of the American apparel CEO, Charney is questionable (Aristotle 34). It is true there may be no law to restrict one on how they should put on in workplaces, the perception people have over the inappropriate language Charney uses may be different from person to another.
Some people may not take it so personal and so it may not be hurting to them, others can not perceive it as a language to encourage creativity in such a work place and so it becomes hurting. Whichever the case, good is universal, it is hard for something to receive a universal approval but a good behavior is what receives a large degree of approval. Since Charney’s conduct was not universally acceptable to his employees and the society at large.
His business is successful but his ethics are not upright, his morals conduct does not promote general happiness to all employees. As pointed out by the employment attorney, it is out of conduct to subject women to unacceptable conduct and justify it as a course of your working environment (Chryssides
Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act Compare and Contrast Essay online essay help
Terrorism and coordination of intelligence have been some of the major challenges facing the United States in the twenty first century. The intelligence community has over time been revealed to lag and lose impetus when managing intelligence which led to the introduction of the recommendations of the 9/11 commission of 2002 as well as the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.
Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission on intelligence community reform The 9/11 commission was a body that was established in November 2002 after the 11th September 2001 attack on the United States in which more than two thousand people died. The attack was said to be the boldest act of terrorism against the United States when terrorists hijacked two passenger planes and crashed them into the towers of the world trade centre (Cumming 2).
The United States under President Bush discovered that they like other countries were also vulnerable to terrorism and the 9/11 commission was founded to investigate the reasons for the incapacity of America to foretell and prevent the attacks as well as derive recommendations from their findings that would ensure terrorist attacks would never happen on American soil(Wentworth 3).
The intelligence community was especially culpable of negligence, after it was discovered that information regarding the September attack had surfaced in various agencies prior to the attack but there was a lack of coordination regarding that information hence different agencies had bits of different information which was more or less useless, it was enjoined with information from other agencies (Farmer 56). The major recommendations that were presented by the 9/11 commission included the following;
The 9/11 commission recommended the establishment of the Terrorist Threat Integration Centre (TTIC). This body would be in charge of compiling and analyzing information regarding terrorism threats and the collection of the information would be done both locally and in foreign countries (Farmer 59).
The TTIC was to be made up of both intelligence and law enforcement bodies to facilitate for efficient information recovery and similar response to a positively identified threat. The TTIC will therefore have among them members of the FBI, CIA, DOD, DHS, police and the Department of Justice and the TTIC was to be under the control of the National Counterterrorism Centre (Kean
Characters in The Glass Menagerie and The Death of Salesman Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
The article of Debra Brunch is characterized by a properly organized structure and clear analysis of the characters from different literary works. This author introduces the characters, which need to be analyzed, and presents enough powerful reasons of why this attention to physiological characteristics is important.
This article turns out to be helpful because the main characters of Death of a Salesman and The Glass Menagerie are not only properly defined but also characterized according to their emotional state. For example, one of the main characters in Death of a Salesman, Willy Loman is identified as a “mentally and emotionally confused” person (Bruch 8); the male character of The Glass Menagerie is under a threat of “his consciousness of his wants” (Brunch 7).
In this article, the author pays her attention to such important details as characters’ clothes and the ways of how they speak. To represent a proper analysis of the characters, it is necessary to evaluate emotional, physical, and psychological state of the characters. The article under discussion may become a good example of how male characters may be represented to the reader and what literary techniques and writing tools are better to use to achieve the necessary success and understanding.
A definite structure of the article helps to comprehend what aspect is analyzed and what features should be mentioned at first. This article is not only an educative source for future writers and those, who want to improve their understanding of the plays by Tennessee and Williams, but also a reliable structure according to which it is possible to represent the analysis.
Analysis of Female Characters King, Kimball. “Tennessee Williams: A Southern Writer.” The Mississippi Quarterly 48.4. Fall 1995: 627-647.
The article by Kimball King is mostly focused on the works and achievements of Tennessee Williams and the impact of his works into the world of literature, and The Glass Menagerie is one of the plays under consideration. The creation of male characters takes an important place in Williams works, this is why the author of the article decides to analyze not only Williams’ approaches to plays’ development but also compare his methods with the other not less popular works like Miller’s Death of a Salesman.
The peculiar feature of this article is the concentration on one particular writer and the ability to evaluate other representatives of Southern literature.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author of the article admits that Williams’ works as well as the works of other significant writers are characterized by a perfect reflection of “the characteristics of Southern writers noted by literary critics in the modernist era, beginning in the twenties and thirties, and they anticipate the postmodern dilemma in an era begun by integration and the growth of the formerly despised middle classes” (King 627).
In this article, certain attention is paid to family relations, which are described by Williams and Miller in peculiar ways. The universal significance of these plays is investigated by Kimball King; he underlines that the role of women in society is represented by Tennessee and Williams in different ways. Miller always restricts female duties and rights; and Williams, in his turn, tries to present his women as complex and powerful beings, who make numerous attempts to achieve the necessary control over situations and their bodies.
Works Cited Bruch, Debra. “Character Analysis.” Apollo’s Voice 9,5 (June 2002): 6-8.
King, Kimball. “Tennessee Williams: A Southern Writer.” The Mississippi Quarterly 48.4. Fall 1995: 627-647.
Embracing the philosophy of the Dao De Jing Essay argumentative essay help
One of the things that make human life intriguing and to some extent captivating is the diversity and variation exhibited by various people as a result of their differing cultures and personalities amongst other things. Different people have different beliefs and value systems and I have always been of the opinion that a lot can be learnt from the diverse practices.
Through the years, I have had the opportunity to be exposed to various value systems, religions and philosophies. While most of these have only aroused vague curiosity in me, there are those philosophies that I have found appealing and would consider incorporating in my life.
The naturalistic philosophy of the Dao De Jing which is a compilation of texts on the Chinese way of thinking also referred to as Taoism is one of the philosophies which I consider adopting. In this paper, I shall review the impact on my values and practices that embracing Taoism shall have on my life. I shall also discuss how this decision will affect my daily living.
Having being born and raised in Italy, I have a deep-rooted love and passion for music, painting, and various other artistic works. This deep appreciation has been as a result of experiencing my childhood years in Italy, a country that places much value and appreciation for fine arts.
My personal life therefore bears witness to this as can be illustrated by the various ornaments that I adorn and the painting and sculptures that I have in my house. While some of my ornaments are only of sentimental value to me and hold no significant monetary value to speak of, others have a high monetary value and wearing them is more of a status symbol. The Dao De Jing philosophy explicitly asserts that one shall not display objects of desire as this might lead to the disturbance of the hearts of other people (140).
For me to embrace these teachings, I shall therefore have to be in sync with the Taoism value of non-materialism which seeks to create a world whereby the jealousy that is inherent in human beings is not evoked. I shall therefore have to rid myself of my art works which I greatly cherish. This will lead to harmony as vices such as theft which spring from coveting will be evaded.
In the course of my life, I have had the privilege of residing in a number of countries and interacted with people of various cultures. From this, I have honed my ability as a multilingual and at present, I work at a hospital as a medical interpreter. Most people view me with fascination and are astounded by my various achievements in life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many a times I find myself awing people with tales of my encounters in various continents and my exploits. According to the Taoist philosophy, one should accomplish his task but not claim credit for it (140). If I am to adopt the practices of Taoism, I shall have to stop taking credit for my accomplishments but rather be content with letting the accomplishments remain in me.
We live in a capitalistic world where emphasis is placed on being a notch above the rest. As such, competition is not only encouraged but also greatly rewarded in most of our institutes. Like many other westerners, I am therefore competitive as a factor of nurture. This attribute in me can be perfectly illustrated by my college experience where I have always aimed to achieve the best results.
In most of my educational efforts, I work as an individual so as to give myself an edge over the rest of the students. Taoism asserts that the best man is like water and he benefits all things and doesn’t compete with them (143). As such, Taoism would have me not only love humanity but also work in harmony with other human beings.
While I am not outspoken about all things in life, I hold a strong opinion on the issues that I deem to be significant in my life such as art, language and my beliefs. I am outspoken about my ambitions in life and do not shy from sharing them with others. Taoism calls on its faithful to exercise subtlety in all undertaking.
If I am to follow the path of Tao, I will be inclined to exercise discretion in my affairs and keep my ambitions and beliefs to myself. By practicing subtlety which is characterized by a hidden manifestation of affairs, I will master of things of the present and draw closer to the universe as well (146).
One of the less than pleasant experiences in my life is my recent divorce from my spouse. Owing to this event, the last couple of months have been especially turbulent for me as I have sought to regain my emotional balance. I have experienced various emotions from rage and anger to relief and ecstasy. In my moments of anger, I have viewed by former partner unfavorably and wished malevolent things upon his life.
The philosophy of the Dao De Jing calls on us to be impartial (141). As such, for me to embrace Taoism, I should learn how to regard all human beings and especially my ex-husband without any loathing. In addition to this, I should learn how to not give too much though to any of the events that happen in my life but rather aim for tranquility and inner peace. This will call for me to have the will power to let go of all the past troubles and face the future with hope.
We will write a custom Essay on Embracing the philosophy of the Dao De Jing specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While my relationship with others is not marred by suspicions or great troubles, I concede that it is not as good as I would desire. This may be because of my candid nature which may at times be mistaken for insensitivity. Taoism presents a way for me to mend my relationship with others.
According to these teachings, one can buy honor by fine words and gain the respect of others by fine deeds (168). Considering that my personal and indeed my professional life is characterized by numerous instances of interactions with other people, this philosophy would be very beneficial to me since people tend to be more amicable if there is some degree of honor and respect involved in the relationship.
Through the years, I have been enrolled in various educational institutes at various levels. This has been in a bid to increase my knowledge and therefore make me a better and more productive member of the society.
While it is impossible to possess all the knowledge that is there, I have discovered through experience that sometimes people regard you with more respect if they perceive that you know more than you in reality do know. For this reason, I sometimes create the false impression of knowing more than I do. Taoism strongly suggests that such behavior is a disease and that one should be content with knowing that you do not know (172).
I suspect that the reason for this Tao stance concerning this matter is because if people think that you know something, they will not take the trouble to educate you on the issue and this may be detrimental especially to me as a student. My adoption of Taoism would therefore require that I have no shame in my ignorance but rather see it as an opportunity to increase my knowledge.
It has always been my belief that it is a moral and right thing to assist the less privileged members of our society. For this reason, I am involved in various charitable organizations and constantly offer my assistance to charitable causes. This is a practice that is also held in high esteem by Taoism.
The philosophy acclaims the person who gives to others as virtuous and further goes on to state that the more he gives to others the more he possesses of his own (176). However, Taoism goes on to state that a wise person does not accumulate wealth for themselves. This is something that I am guilty of as I have over the years aimed at saving up for my future. Embracing the philosophy would therefore require of me to use more of my resources for others so that I can have more for myself and subsequently live a fulfilling life.
In this paper, I set out to discuss the impact that embracing Taoism would have on my life as it presently stands. To this end, I have discussed my various values and practices and the significant changes that I would have to make so as to conform to the Tao standards. Without doubt, some of these changes are monumental and it would take me many years to change from my current practices.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Embracing the philosophy of the Dao De Jing by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is mostly because some of these ideologies such as capitalism are deeply entrenched in me owing to my upbringing. However, I strongly believe that if I remained strong willed and express a genuine desire to follow the Taoist philosophy; I shall find my way and lead a tranquil and fulfilling life as the Taoism promises it’s faithful.
Works Cited WIng-Tsit, C. “A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy.” New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Monopolistic competition as a market structure Essay online essay help
A Monopolistic competition is a market structure which is identified through the large quantity of comparatively small firms with the products of the firms being similar with only a slight variation to differentiate them. Therefore, the similarity in products makes the firms that exist in a monopolistic competition to be very competitive.
However, due to the fact that each of the firms has a slightly unique product compared to the rest of the firms, then each firm has a specific consumer and hence each of the firms maintains market control to a lesser extent. Examples of monopolistic competition include restaurants and clothing stores.
Features of a Monopolistic competition There are basically four features that are used to identify a monopolistic competition. The first feature is the noticeable large amount of small firms which leads to the production of comparable products which are however not alike in detail (Ison
Hitler’s Schutzstaffel Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Creation of Schutzstaffel
Duties of Hitler’s SS
The End of SS
The analysis of World War II and Hitler’s S.S reveals that the leaders of this organization were the framers of Hitler’s final resolution. This can be depicted from Hitler’s life his involvement in the army and his political intervention. Long time ago, in fact during the age of civilization, was born a man who would become a great leader and institute Nazi war.
In a small town of Braunau-am-Inn near Austro-Germany perimeter worked his father as an officer in customs department. On April 20, 1889, Adolf Hitler was born to Alois and Klara Hitler. The childhood life of the young Hitler Adolf was not so much pleasing. He had a dream of becoming a professional and career artist.
However, due to his poor performance in school, Hitler failed to secure an admission into Vienna Academy, which majored on Fine Arts and other artistry works. In addition to Hitler’s reigning problems, at 19 years of age, his father died of cancer, leaving him helpless with nobody to sponsor his education.
Therefore, Hitler had to search for survival tactics in order to save his mother and sister from hunger. As a mean to survive, Hitler decided to involve to in business and some commercial selling. For example, since he had an ambition of being an artist, he decided to do some paintings for sale and sometimes engage in day-to-day chores to get money for up keep. (Shirer pp.119-125).
The First World War broke out in Europe instigated by differences between Germany and France and their respective allies. Hitler decided to volunteer to offer services to the military troops at war. Onto his dismay, the army accepted to incorporate Hitler in the war as a soldier.
Indeed, this became Hitler’s best profession as he fought bravely making him to earn several promotions in the army ranks. To this far, Hitler grew his personality and started gaining fame and respect from hiss fellow colleague troops. For example, in the army, Hitler became a corporal and later, an administrator in the detention camp at Traunstein.
Due to Hitler’s increasing personality and influence, the authority appointed Hitler among other army officials to oversee and urge soldiers who were returning from war not to engage in dubious acts like pacifism or communism lest it destroy the nation and divide military. The exposure to persuasion theatrics on the contrary, increased his power to speak fluently and woe many to his side.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to persuading his fellow troops not to welcome pacifism or communism, Hitler was responsible for spying those who went against the wishes of Germany authorities. Hitler could spy even political organizations to the government and provide counteracting political strategies. These and many other roles shaped Hitler to participate fully and even be a key figure in the Second World War. (Shirer pp.271-275).
As time went by, Hitler entered into Germany politics by forming a political party called Nazi under his leadership. This political party had several organizations falling under it. Moreover, this political party had its own strategies and policies like any other political party.
For example, one of the organizations under Nazi Party was that of Schutzstaffel- a military force for political and security reasons. The role of this organization was to influence people to support Nazi party using any means whether detention, massacre or use of excessive force. (Lumsdem pp.52-54).
On the other hand, Schutzstaffel ensured that other political parties did not outwit the fame and influence of Nazi Party. The SS continually forced Nazi ideologies and created new strategies for their political dispensation. In fact, history reveals that, SS was responsible for all atrocities and holocausts committed to civilians during Hitler’s administration. The Germany army together with Schutzstaffel participated in the Second World War though defeated.
Creation of Schutzstaffel The Nazi Party created Schutzstaffel in 1925. The formulators of this organization- Nazi Party saw the need to protect their magnificent leader because of deterrent enemies and rivalry from within and outside Germany. In 1925, the chore of SS was to provide protection to Adolf Hitler from any attack.
The group composed of small members called paramilitary cluster. In order to execute the roles of this group, any chosen member had to be of Germany origin and show loyalty to the party. Besides, physical fitness mattered most during recruitment. Therefore, from recruitment stage, the vice of racism thrived evidently. Because the group was to fight Jewish majorities, members who were from Jewish ancestry never joined the group. This is because; the Nazi organization hated Jews. (Southgate Para. 1-9).
The SS cluster of men had special uniforms, which were black in color, and in addition, they wore hats with their motto inscribed on the forehead. Anybody who became part to this group had to swear allegiance to their leader, Hitler.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Hitler’s Schutzstaffel specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hitler commanded these henchmen to carry out any activity best to his ability. Largely, these men were masterminds of evil forms from massacre to torture to rape. Some historians are quick to depict and call this group as physically and mentally challenged. However, these cluster of men had no psychological problems. The success of Hitler and his policies depended on the SS group.
For example, the ascension of Adolf Hitler to power was through a just and democratic manner. However, as Bulow indicates, in the middle of power reign, stood inclinations and accusations from other opposing groups (Para.1-7). History of SS dates back to 1925 when Hitler formed eight able men to guarantee him safety.
These men acted as formal bodyguards. However, as an expansion of the group, Hitler ordered all Nazi party offices to have at least ten men to offer security. By the end of 1926, Nazi party had two SS groups namely SS-Gaus and SS-Oblerleitung. Each of these groups had its own roles to perform. For example, Oblerleitung constituted a group that was responsible for offering security to leaders while the other cluster offered security to the offices of Nazi party. (Cook and Bender pp.18-20).
Adolf Hitler created the SS group as a strategy of attaining power. Many atrocities committed under Nazi regime resulted from a directive of their leader. The SS group for example, is responsible for the massacre, torture and ostracizing of the Jews during the Second World War. Over 9 million Jews underwent different forms of torture from this well trained gang under the direction of their leaders.
Duties of Hitler’s SS The formation of SS group ensured security to Nazi leaders. However, Nazi seemed to create another independent state that offered security to a group of individuals. The presence of the Germany police was not part of the strategy of the Nazi group. This was a regime inside another regime but executing its policies. Unlike the Germany police, the SS group was an elitist group of people with uncompromised loyalty to their leader.
It comprised of men who were of Germany origin and no immigrant served in the SS militia. The motto of this group was to see their leader leading Germany especially to the Second World War now that Germany failed to show off in the First World War. Therefore, Nazi police officers or SS ensured security to all Nazi members and Nazi party offices. Hitler wanted to usurp powers and rule Germany. He therefore had strategies to come by.
Among his strategies included divide and rule. Therefore, the distribution of people all over Germany was a matter of great concern and a move towards attaining power. Hitler therefore demanded the arrangement of people according to their ethnicity, race and origin. The SS paramilitary identified people in terms of their ethnicity and ensured their settlement based on the enacted population policy. (Yerger pp.5-47).
Interestingly, other chore tasks of the SS included, the management of the Germany police in the manner they did their job. All police security and investigatory chores had to pass through SS offices before any further step. Moreover, the SS controlled detention camps where torture and murder took place.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Hitler’s Schutzstaffel by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Other duties done by SS include the implementation of modules and concise plans which meant to change the population of Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union also adversely affected as the plan included a structure meant to exhume the recentralization of the region.
SS recruitment continued up even up to 1929 when Hitler sought to appoint Heinrich Himmler to lead the group comprising of 280 members politically inclined to Hitler and identified as Germany nationals by birth and race. Himmler picked members to join the group with regard to attaining the vision of Hitler.
The vision and dreams of Hitler ware to attain a Third Reich. Since Hitler had smelt power, he spelt out two fundamental chores, which the SS was to perform. The first one was to offer an internal security to Nazi leaders and officials and the second, ensuring racial limpidness all over Germany. Furthermore, Himmler determined how marriages conducted especially those involving inter races.
For example, if a Germany and Portuguese nationals had sexual relationship, the SS will execute them immediately as a measure of guarding racial diversity. By the end of 1933, the SS group had grown into large numbers totaling around 50 000 members. Therefore, the need to have able leaders arose to control SS and ensure they execute the mandate of Nazi in full swing. (US Holocaust Museum Para. 5-10).
Just years before the start of the Second World War, the dispute between the government and the Jews diversified. The SS quickly assumed diplomatic responsibility but unluckily failed to join the two parties. Consequently, the SS drafted a policy on the Jewish Question. The draft demanded the execution of all European Jews who went contrary to Germany authorities by demanding ‘the unnecessary’.
On hearing this, the furious Jews entered war with SS. This led to the Germany Holocaust where the SS killed millions and millions of European Jews totaling to about 10 million. (US Holocaust Museum Para. 1-5). Other SS duties included offering tight security in political rallies and taxation of members who subscribed to their newspaper published by Nazi party. However, by this time Nazi Party was not yet in power.
Leaders Hitler appointed Heinrich Himmler to be the leader of SS. Himmler was a loyalist to Nazi Party and fought to ensure protection of its Nazi officials and ensure implementation of its strategies. Any official whether from the party or government who went contrary to the party, received discipline from the group. SS comprised of two factions.
There was the belligerent unit called Waffen-SS and the second one was Allegemeine-SS. Under these two SS branches, there were further subdivisions responsible for racial matters, those charged with genocide and prison warders. Himmler introduced military training to the group including psychological torture aimed at killing without mercy on their part. (Browder, pp. 8-35).
During the Second World War, this group was the most feared all over Europe. They committed unspeakable atrocities maneuvering and gunning enemies ruthlessly. As time elapsed, the two groups increased to make three groups. Each group had its own function to perform, notably, each group had its own leader but under the leadership of Hitler as the Chief of General Staff.
As soon as Hitler assumed power, all SS members became part of the police and the state paid their wages. Himmler had the authority to appoint senior officials to lead various SS and police wings. For example, he named Heydrich to head the third wing of SS called Gestapo.
During the Second World War, Hitler had of course made his empire the most affluent economically and politically across Europe and abroad. Therefore, to defeat a nation like this, collaboration was to work well. Under the SS hierarchy, three branches led the movement. These branches under supreme, regular and higher leaders were responsible for any answer that Himmler demanded.
The End of SS Both the security and the military sections were responsible for torture cases that occurred in Germany especially in the Second World War. When Hitler became the head of Germany Empire, he created powerful army commandos that provided security and destroyed the enemies of Nazi Party.
For example, the SS masterminded the war and invasion of Poland. The SS security wing created detention camps under the leadership of Theodor Eicke. Here, the SS tortured any detainee who refused to claim loyalty to Nazi party policies. However, the SS group could not last forever.
It had its own weaknesses no matter how loyal and racial enough they were to their leader and party. As the Second World War continued, Hitler became suspicious of the defeat, which Germany faced. The consequences befalling Hitler and his army commanders together with SS members faced dire consequences. Therefore, the first step Hitler and SS took included the burning and obliteration of the evidences in the camps.
Furthermore, since the surviving detainees acted as evidences against this murderous group, the SS killed all detainees. By the end of the Second World War, the SS men had committed numerous murder cases through execution, torture, rape and massacre-holocaust. As the new regime took control in 1945, the SS members faced justice for causing a Holocaust in Germany and the entire Europe.
Many SS members committed suicide because of guilty. Additionally, those who did not commit suicide had to face the full force within trial chambers in Nuremberg. The tribunal caught many SS soldiers guilty and sentenced these Nazi loyalists to death. On the other hand, those who escaped death sentence and suicide, decided to immigrate therefore, escaping to countries in southern America. (Goebbels pp. 175-235).
Conclusion It is quite evident to note that Hitler and his SS faction group committed many atrocities in Germany. Hitler gained popularity through conceptual and inclusive political theatrics. No sooner had the authority made Hitler superior in the army rank than he was gaining popularity.
Hitler’s SS faction group masterminded the Second World War. These members purely represented Nazi party policies like racial segregation and loyalty to the Party. The leaders of SS made sure that any conspiracy from within the political divides did not arise. Though SS later disembarked, it had done many atrocities not to be mentionable to ordinary and sound psychological mind.
Works Cited Browder, George. Hitler’s Enforcers: The Gestapo and the SS security in the Nazi Revolution Summary. Boston: University Press, 1996. Print.
Bulow, Louis. Masters of Death. The SS Men. 2008. Web.
Cook, Stan, Bender, James. Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler. (Volume One). San Jose: R. James Bender Publishing, 1994. Print.
Goebbels, Paul. Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression. (Volume II).Washington: USGPO, 1946. Print.
Lumsden, Robin. A Collector’s Guide To: The Allgemeine – SS. London: Ian Publishing Company, 2001. Print.
Shirer, William. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. Simon and Schuster. 1960. Print.
Southgate, Troy. Hitler the Demagogue. 2009. Web.
US Holocaust Museum. The SS. Web.
Yerger, Mark. Allgemeine-SS: The Commands, Units, and Leaders of the General SS. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1997. Print.
The supreme court, in the case of kelo v. The city of new london Essay essay help online
In America, there have been severe allegations that activist judges have grown. This has been the result of some decisions that have been taken by judges that have not gone down well with most politicians and other people.
Diverse views are raised on the ruling of judges. For some activist judges exist and for others, there does not exist any judges that are activists; rather those you disagree with in their judgments do turn out to be so (at least in your sight.) sensitive cases that have drawn a lot of hullabaloos has been those involving same sex, stem cell operations, abortion among others.
The original dissent on cases relating to eminent domain was set up by Justice O’Connor. In her previous ruling she stated that it was allowed for private property to be transferred to another private individual for economic development as long as it is bound to be improved and used in a way that is beneficial to the public in itself or in the process of development (Bodenhamer
Importance of Point of View in “A Rose for Emily” Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Importance of Point of View in A Rose for Emily
Introduction In analyzing and understanding works of literature, one of the critical factors is the concept of point of view. It shapes the readers’ perception of the story, basing on the attitude the narrator assumes towards the themes and events described.
There are several varieties of the p.o.v. concept. On the one hand, it depends on the person who is telling the story (first, second, or third-person view); on the other hand, it is determined by the level of the narrator’s awareness (omniscient or limited omniscient point of view).
This essay addresses the concept of point of view in “A Rose for Emily” – William Faulkner’s short story. It is a curious example of first-person limited omniscient perspective, as it will be demonstrated below in the analysis. Narrator’s point of view in “A Rose for Emily” brings the readers closer to the related events on the one hand, and demonstrates his own mysterious nature on the other side.
Importance of Point of View in A Rose for Emily Throughout the whole plot, the narration occurs from first person plural: ‘we’ is the pronoun Faulkner uses to emphasize that the events are related by an eye-witness or a whole group of eye-witnesses (28–34).
This ‘we’ represents a composite image of the town society and provides an account of not only Miss Grierson’s story but the history of several epochs. The collective character of the narrator reveals itself in such phrases as “our whole town went to her funeral”, “we were not pleased exactly”, “as is our custom”, “we believed”, “we remembered”, “we knew”, etc. (Faulkner 28, 30, 31).
The outward authority of such statements, together with the confident predictions of this composite image concerning Miss Grierson’s private life, creates an impression of a know-all (or omniscient) narrator who is farseeing enough to provide for the future course of events.
The tone of this collective reaction to every little occurrence in Miss Grierson’s life suggests that the pronoun ‘we’ may stand for the community of town gossips who want everything done their way and are outraged if things go out of their control.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The outward authority of the collective narrator, which should generally look reliable and inspire the readers’ trust, is therefore shaken by the idea that this narrator is a mere town gossip, spreading the rumors only for the fun of it. Thus, the ‘omniscient’ narrator’s opinion of Miss Grierson’s actions as weird and noncomplying is questioned by the suspicious character of the narrator as a gossip.
Moreover, several small details in the short story further complicate the mystery of the narrator’s personality. In the majority of ‘we’-statements, Faulkner introduces such phrases as “people “people in our town … believed”, “people were glad” (30). And here emerges a question: why should Faulkner use the word ‘people’ instead of the normal ‘we’? Why us he using a literary device that makes the message somewhat inconsistent? The obvious answer is that this is done to contrast the narrator with the rest of the crowd.
Adding to this contrast is the final scene of breaking into the secret room in Miss Grierson’s house. For one thing, the narrator provides a foreshadowing by saying, “Already we knew that there was one room in that region above stairs which no one had seen in forty years” (Faulkner 34) — how on earth did they know about it? In such light, the narrator appears to be someone initiated into Miss Grierson’s mystery.
For another thing, in the scene of breaking in, the narrator suddenly switches to the pronoun ‘they’: “They held the funeral on the second day,” “They waited until Miss Emily was decently in the ground” (Faulkner 34). Although the normal ‘we’ reappears soon afterward, this sudden change of the narrator’s relationship to the town crowd cannot go unnoticed.
Conclusion This research paper addressed the issue of narrator’s point of view in “A Rose for Emily”. Analysis shows that the mysterious first-person narrator, who outwardly seems to represent the town society, intrigues by the knowledge of intimate details and casual opposition to the rest of the people. In summary, that has a crucial impact on the readers’ opinion of Miss Grierson since it suggests that she should not be taken the way gossips judge her and requires a more in-depth understanding as a unique personality.
Works Cited Faulkner, William. “A Rose for Emily.” Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, 5th ed. Eds. Aurthur X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia. White Plains, NY: Longman, 2007. 28–34. Print.
Is Barrack Obama like Hitler? Expository Essay essay help online: essay help online
Comparison of American presidents George W. Bush and Barrack Obama to Adolf Hitler or the Nazis has become very common. After eight years of comparing George W. Bush to Adolf Hitler, Obama is also receiving the same treatment. The actions, believes and personal associations of Obama are compared to those of Hitler on many internet blogs and newspaper columns.
Adolf Hitler is one of the most forceful and powerful personalities in history. He was a philosophical and political leader of the National socialist party (Nazi) and what most people agree on about his personality is that he was evil.
He has become the most infamous leader for his extremist stands. Comparisons between Obama and Hitler are based on their policies. However, it is absurd and inexcusable to compare Barrack Obama to Hitler. Obama is not like Hitler at all and it is a logical fallacy and a dilution of history to compare them.
Hitler rose to power during a period when Germans needed a hero to save them from a recession. The same is the case for Obama to whom, most Americans looked for a savior from the economic problems facing America. Both individuals wanted change and those comparing Obama to Hitler have used such phrases, as “Hitler wanted change too”.
It is wrong to assert that since Hitler wanted change, every other person who wants change is morally or politically equivalent to Hitler. From the books audacity of hope by Barrack Obama and mein kampf (translated loosely as my struggle) by Adolf Hitler, it is clear what kinds of change these two persons believed in.
Hitler wanted change to the German population and actually not to the government itself. He blamed the Jews for the failures in the German society since he believed Germans were superior to other races (Michael, para 8). Mein kampf reveals Hitler’s extreme hatred for Jews (Meler, para 39). According to his book, Obama on the other hand recognizes and desires to change the problems in the American functional government and state of politics.
Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi party, a political party that believed in National Socialism. Hitler was therefore a socialist unlike Obama who although branded a socialist by some critics has personally rejected claims that he is a socialist. Republicans are yet too convincingly proof that his policies are socialist and again, being a socialist does not imply that someone is like Hitler.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hitler’s form of socialism was based on racial supremacy. In his period of leadership, Hitler sought to increase German dominancy among other nations and employed an expansionist foreign policy that triggered the World War II. His policies were based on racism and anti-Semitism. During the short period as a president, Obama has tried to improve the relationship between America and other countries, especially Arab speaking nations.
There is no way these actions can be similar to those of Hitler. Obama has not tried to increase America’s dominance over other countries but has mainly focused on reducing the possible threats against America by trying to undo some actions of previous regimes.
Inhumanity, dictatorship and mass murders dominated Hitler’s leadership. His leadership policies lead to mass extermination of Jews and other racial minorities. Those comparing Obama to Hitler argue that these vile actions of the Nazi had their roots in socialist, eugenics and imperialism ideologies that Obama supposedly posses.
From his publication, the audacity of hope, he writes, “there are certain things that anchor my personal faith, the golden rule, the need to battle cruelty in all its forms, the value of love and charity, humility and grace” (“Book summary: Audacity of hope”).
This indicates the different personalities between Hitler and Obama. Hitler believed in cruelty and he forced his soldiers to perform inhuman acts on Jews and other race minorities. He was a dictator and he perpetrated genocide in Germany through race cleansing.
Obama’s policies are against inhuman actions, dictatorship, racism and cruelty. By supporting the Geneva Convention against torture, Obama portrays a character that is completely different from Hitler. The Obama presidency is about avoiding mass murders whenever possible by employing other gentler means to solve the current world problems. By employing dialogue to bring understanding between nations, Obama focuses on creating cohesion.
Obama is an extreme supporter of pro-abortion bills. This has generated a lot of criticism and the continued likening of Obama to Hitler. By supporting abortion, some critics accuse Obama of perpetuating genocide just like Hitler. This is far fetched and out of context.
We will write a custom Essay on Is Barrack Obama like Hitler? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The debate about humanity in abortion has been going on for along time and people have different stands on the matter. What is worth noting is that in Obama’s viewpoint, every woman should be allowed to decide whether to do abortion or not. He does not therefore support abortion but the right to choose.
In his perspective, abortion decision rests on the actual individuals involved. They can make the decision to go ahead with it or not depending on their moral inclinations and believes. Hitler on the other hand was a dictator who determined whether an individual dies or not. He prohibited abortion for the “pure-blood” Germans and allowed it for the other races as a case of “racial hygiene.” He wanted to control the reproduction of the other races.
Therefore, supporting pro-abortion laws does not at all portray Obama as having the same moral values as Hitler. Hitler did not give any choice to those he deemed deserving to die. They were just executed. Obama does not call for execution of unborn children but for the right of the mother to choose.
In conclusion, Obama is not like Hitler. He does not fit into Hitler’s moral or political personality. Not everybody who wants change in government and political environments is like Hitler. It all falls back to what the individual in question wants to change. Obama wants to change the way the functional government operates and the political environment in America.
Hitler wanted to change the German population by racial cleansing. He promised to improve the economy and Germany’s global dominance but perpetuated racism and inhuman actions. Persons can only be termed to be like Hitler if they practice his kind of ideologies.
Without bias, Obama’s ideologies do not fit into those of Hitler at all. He has a different view of America from the one Hitler had about Germany. In audacity of hope, he writes, “there is not a black America and a white America and Latino America and Asian America- there is the United States of America” (“Book summary: Audacity of hope”).
Therefore, the comparison of Obama to Hitler is a poor comparison only meant to gain attention. Although not everybody approves of Obama policies, more logical comparisons to other leaders should be made but not to Hitler. Doing this is down playing the evil of Hitler’s leadership.
Works Cited “Book summary: Audacity of hope.” Political books summaries, reviews and opinions. 31 July 2009. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Is Barrack Obama like Hitler? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Meler, David. “Adolf Hitler’s rise to power.” Dickinson State University. 2000. Web.
Michael. “Adolf Hitler’s rise to power.” Adolf Hitler. n.d. Web.
Economic Journal: Current Microeconomic Events Essay (Article) essay help free
#1: The article: “Judging Stimulus by job data Reveals success” by David Leonhardt, was published on February 16, 2010 on nytimes.com. The article starts with a hypothetical introduction, where the writer engages the reader by telling him/her to assume that the stimulus signed in 2009 was large enough to impact the job market or even money proposed in the stimulus package was spent fast enough to make a rapid effect on the economy.
The article then explains that what would have happened in such a case was still happening in the current economic situation, because after all, the hypothesis is not imaginary but a description of the real stimulus bills as passed by congress and signed by the president.
The article explains that the stimulus package targets creating 2.5 million jobs, and has so far managed to somewhere between 1.6 to 1.8 million jobs.
Why then are Americans not satisfied with the stimulus? Leonhardt states that liberals think that the stimulus package would have had a greater impact if it was bigger; the republicans simply dislike the entire package “because it’s a democratic program”; the Obama administration has hurt the bill through making “too rosy an economic forecast” thus raising too many expectations among the American people (9).
Despite the criticisms, Leonhardt notes that the impact of the $787 billion stimulus package on the economy cannot be understated (10). Money from the stimulus has kept the public service employees (healthcare workers, teachers, firefighters and the police officers) in employment. It also stabilized corporate spending, and indirectly prevented consumer spending from plunging further. More to this, there is no denying that the billion of dollars spent on jobless benefits, food stamps and tax cuts have benefited the American populace.
#2: The article: “House adopts $15 billion plan to spur Job Creation” by Carl Hulse was published on March 4, 2010 on nytimes.com. According to the writer, (Hulse 1) the adoption of the $15 billion measure is a reaction by Congress to the continued pressures created in the country’s economy by the increasing job losses.
The measure was adopted on a 217 to 201 party line vote with majority supporting votes coming from democrats. Out of the 172 Republicans who voted, only 6 supported the bill. The Democrats vote was also split with 35 democrats opposing the measure on grounds that “it was too limited and hence could not spur employment and job creation as intended” (Hulse 4).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The centerpiece of the measure according to Hulse, is the exemption of the 6.2 % payroll tax to all businesses that hire people who have been jobless for more than 60 days. More to this, the measure has a $1,000 incentive on tax credit for employers who hire during this period and keeps the employees on the job for a year or more (10).
Though mixed reactions were registered, reactions towards the bill especially by lawmakers who perceive it as a break to businesses rather than a measure that would create more jobs, the dire unemployment situation in the market have put the lawmakers in a tough position where they are willing to try anything that works just to put as many Americans back to the job market. It is estimated that the measure will allow employers across the country to hire at least 300,000 more people.
It remains to be seen whether the measure will indeed stimulate economic activity, thus creating the opportunities for new employees in business, and most importantly, preventing more job losses. Although one gets the impression that lawmakers have no idea what is really good for the job market right now (explained by the huge opposition from the republicans), the measure if adopted could indeed bolster help the unemployment problem, albeit to some degree.
#3: The opinion article: ‘How to Watch the Banks’ by Henry M. Paulson Jr. was published in the New York Times on February 15, 2010. The articles revolves around the “too big to fail” concept and the proposals from government and other opinion makers towards ending the systemic risks that financial institutions considered ‘too big to fail’ pose to the economy.
Paulson argues that although the economic problems that be-deviled the economy in 2008 are over, a repeat of the same is bound to recur in future and hence people need to come up with a solution of the too-big-to-fail sooner.
His suggestion is that “congress must pass a financial regulatory reform bill now because further delays are just creating uncertainties in the market and undermining financial institution’s ability to lend to business hence curtailing recovery” (Paulson a27).
The article suggests that lawmakers should put the necessary laws in place in order to ensure that in future taxpayers do not have to pay for the management shortcomings and the unnecessary risk-taking that big financial institutions take up on the knowledge that they government considers them so important to the economy and hence would not allow them to fail.
We will write a custom Article on Economic Journal: Current Microeconomic Events specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Paulson, the proposal by the government “to bar big banks from trading driven by other than customer-related activity” would no doubt have failed to prevent failure by big financial institutions such as Lehman Brothers, Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae, Wachovia, Washington Mutual and AIG (a27).
This means that the same economic pressure experienced when the financial institutions would still have occurred. Accordingly, what is needed according to Paulson is a regulatory authority, which should monitor and restrain activities that would destabilize financial institutions that pose a systemic risk to the economy (a27).
More to this, the lawmakers should put in place laws that allow banks to fail, albeit honorably. According to Paulson, this can be done by having a resolution authority that oversees orderly liquidation of failing financial institutions in order to reduce their impact on the greater economy.
#4: The story: “Aging Boomer face Stark economics” was published by MSNBC courtesy of CNBC TV on MSNBC.MSn.com on March 4, 2010. The story addresses the plight of the aging baby boomers that are now in their fifties and facing the reality of retirement with each passing day.
In retirement, the rising costs of living means that their retirement packages cannot sustain descent lifestyles and often time, they have to start considering going back to the jo0b market. Still, this is challenging especially considering that the job market is flooded with younger, vibrant and more technological savvy younger people.
In addition, there is the issue age-related health complication, which not only means that the aging baby boomers have to spend more money on healthcare, but also jeopardizes their return to the job market. According to the MSNBC article, even where the aging baby boomers have not hit retirement age yet, they are more likely to be laid off. Luckily when such an event happens, they are given a severance pay, which helps cope with the dismissal from gainful employment.
MSNBC however notes that most lack proper planning skills and end up wasting the money without having any other means to replenish their savings. As a result of their dwindling fortunes, a majority of the aging baby boomers who are either retired or laid off from work have rely on the government for the provision of basic healthcare and even food.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (cited by MSNBC), the country has an excess of 4 million unemployed baby boomers. Most have already hit the 65 retirement age mark and hence stand a very minimal chance of gaining employment. As a result, they are not only a worried lot, but a strain to the entire economy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Economic Journal: Current Microeconomic Events by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Ferguson (cited by MSNBC), who is a financial historian in Harvard, “the baby boomers have set the country towards a massive financial crisis, and its only going to get worse as more retire”. It is estimated that their numbers and hence their dependency ratio will rise from the current 42 million to 72 million when all of them retire.
#5: The story: “banks to big to fail have grown even bigger: behemoths born out of the bailout reduce consumer choice, tempt corporate moral hazard” was written by David Cho and published in the Washington post on August29, 2009. Cho’s story is motivated by the federal regulators decision in the wake of the recession that directed billions of dollars into financial institutions that were at the risk of failing, and consequently ruining or disrupting the financial system.
Citing statistics from the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Cho gives the example of Wells Fargo which has since acquired Wachovia and hence increased its combined assets to 43 percent more, JP Morgan Chase, which acquired Washington Mutual and Bears Sterns and as a result increased it assets base to an additional 51 % and the Bank of America, which bought of Merrill Lynch with the help of the government and consequently increased her assets with 138 percent.
As a consequence of this acquisitions by financial institutions that were big enough even before the acquisitions, Cho notes that the complexity of size and interconnectedness in the financial institutions is becoming even worse (1). As a result, consumers are faced with fewer financial service choices, and these banks will now than ever be confident about government’s banking if they ever face dire circumstances as was the case in 2007-2009 period.
The latter is referred to as ‘a moral hazard”, whereby, bigger financial institutions borrow cheaply than the medium-or small-scaled counterparts, and are even able to engage in riskier financial practices on the knowledge that the government would always bail them out in the eventuality that a need for financial support occurs.
Overall, this story has laid bare the facts that addressing the problems posed by the big banks and financial institutions lacks in political will as well as strategy. Worse still, smaller financial institutions are suffering under the unfair competition posed by the big banks especially because creditors prefer the bigger banks in view of the “taxpayer” guarantee.
#6: The article: “As college costs rise, loans become harder to get” was written by David Cho and published in the Washington post on December 28, 2009. The article is among a series of other articles bringing to the fore the consequences of the financial crises that hit the world financial markets in the 2007-2009 period.
According to Cho, “the upheaval in the financial markets, did not only give parents fewer choices in funding their children’s education, but also meant that students could not access easy credit as was the case five years earlier” (1).
Worse still, the credit options available for students are costlier and bound with rigorous standards, which limit the availability of the same to many students. In the midst of all the uncertainties, most students were left with only one source of financial hope; federal backed loans. The loan from the government is barely enough for most students especially considering that there is a $5,500 annual limit.
The situation is further worsened by the rising college expenses, which are passed to the students through increased tuition fees. Cho notes that consequences of this include students from middle and low-economic backgrounds compromising on their education, an action which would affect their career choices after graduation (1).
The biggest concern among educators is that students who cannot afford the rising costs in college fees will be forced to stay out of college all together, or colleges will have to compromise the quality of the programs offered in order to lessen the costs and therefore admit more students.
The question that is not yet resolved , even with the end of the recession and some return of normalcy in the financial markets is, “will colleges sacrifice the quality of education, thereby laying more on a student’s ability to pay rather than talent and ability to learn?” If this will be the case, one can only expect that the country will have sacrificed some of its best talent based on their inability to raise college fees and as a result, the country could be less competitive in future.
#7: The Article: “In Shift, Wall Street Goes to Washington” was written by David Cho, Tomoeh M. Tse and Steven Mufson and published in the Washington Post on September 13, 2009.
The article is a description of the new type of financial governance borne by the government’s willingness to bailout Wall Street in the midst of the just ended financial crises. According to the writers, “ the government is no longer acting as the referee and watching from the sidelines, but has now become a fully-pledge player in the financial markets” (1).
The new Wall Street-government relationship is an initiative from both ends; Wall Street is increasingly looking south for purposes of forging business strategies, cleave to federal policies and get new talent, while government through the treasury and the Federal Reserve is closely watching its investments in bonds and the rejuvenated financial markets, which it helped raise by spending billions of taxpayers money on (Cho et al 1).
But does this mean that the government is really becoming an active player in the financial markets? Well, Cho et al state that the government is just safer playing its traditional roles of regulating the financial markets, encouraging public spending and coming up with viable monetary policies. As such, they see a situation where government’s participation in the financial markets will fade as the economy grows healthier.
The new found alliance between government and Wall Street does not mean that the government has given up on finding an alternative to the bailouts. Cho et al notes that “the Obama administration is still determined to overhaul the regulation of markets and firms through measures that would alter the activities that such firms engage in” (2).
More to this, the government is still considering different options on how best to close such financial institutions in case they face financial difficulties in future. I however get the impression that the continued relations between Wall Street and Washington will only give the financial institutions room to lobby federal officials thus complicating the financial-government relations.
#8: The article: “Mortgage Market Bound by Major US role” was written by Zachary Goldfarb and Dina Elbogdady and published in the Washington Post on September 7, 2009.
The article describes how the government has taken up mortgage financiers Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and consequently putting in place stringent measures for people who are considering taking up mortgages. According to Goldfarb
The Mind and the Body Term Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
Is mind and the body the same? The historical perception of the distinction between the body and mind is traceable back to the Greek philosophers. In a close link to Rene Descartes’ theory (1650), the principal of philosophy claims that the human being compromises for the mind and body, which seem to be two distinct and separate substances.
On comparison, the mind does the thinking and thus is the source of reasoning, recognizing, desiring, consciousness and willpower, but it is distinctively immaterial and physically un-extendable. Conversely, the body is material and extendable to accommodate feelings and sensation. Many theories distinguish the body and mind but in most instances end-up creating the “mind-body problem,” thus the need for discussions or counterarguments.
Thesis/Problem statement “To think that the mind and the body are distinct substances creates problems, yet to think that they are the same offers no solution either.” This is a research investigating and analyzing the different arguments on philosophical nature of the mind and body by various philosophers, with the aim of providing a personal point of view regarding the subject matter.
Purpose/Significance of the study The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the consequences and key concepts involved in the development of the mind-body philosophy and offer personal suggestions or opinions over the issue of relationship between the mind and body.
Objectives of the study
This term paper lays down the need for researching the background of the understanding of various theories over the relationship as presented by different great philosophers such as Rene Descartes, John Locke, Leibnitz and, Mauriee Merleau-Ponty. The study is equally an assessment of other issues in relation to personal understanding of the topic.
Significance of the study
The key topics to be covered entail the focus over relationship between the mind and the body. This is in the aim of finding the reasonable argument and conclusion
The Procedure of the Study/Research Methodology
The paper highly utilizes the literature reviews to enable better understanding of the topic. Preparation of the research over the chosen topic also enhances and quantifies the research as a study topic and prepare for respondents.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Information collected will equally tabulate and assist in ranking the findings form various philosophers over a wide period, and help to narrow the scope to the objectives of the study analysis. The analysis will then draw the conclusion from generally analyzed data in the literature review.
The research findings will entail data collected through websites analysing the concerns of some philosophers, as well as books concern with the study area and, observation of the proceedings over the specified data collection period. For the study analysis, the collected data and studies discerns patterns and formulate principles that might guide future action of the study subject.
In this case-study of mind and body the research checks the background information, progress, surveillance and examination of current state of matter and the involvement with other related cases. The analysis of records regarding internal as well as external consequences is equally important.
Comparison of various philosophical points of views offers better understanding and analysis. This term paper will therefore attempt to find or describe aspects of the relationship between the mind and body as theories of various philosophers explain.
Background of the union between the mind and body There are various theories explaining how the treatment of exceptional aspects fit into Descartes’ theory of material dualism, which forms a strong basis, ever the debate concerning the relationship between the body and the mind. The theory however lacks full explanation of the interaction or union, thus the tentative results.
Various other philosophers have emerged with different perspectives concerning the debate nullifying or supporting the possible facet of Descartes’ philosophy. There are many misconceptions between the union of the body and mind, and the general casual interaction among the Descartes’ readers. Recent philosophers have indicated a strong curious expression with regard to the substantiated unison or intermingling of the body and mind, indicating the theory as un-credential in comparison to other arguments.
A consideration of the interpretation for the first view indicates that an event or substance belongs to the interconnection because of the immediate casual effects the substance has on the mind.
We will write a custom Term Paper on The Mind and the Body specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The twenty first century philosophers as well as readers may disagree with Descartes theory out of curiosity or opposition to the dualist theory of the body and mind. The philosophy of mind provides phenomenal character in the line of thoughts that provides a wide range of mental events, which keep stringing the difference between the physical events and conscious experiences.
Ability to consider the face value of these striking differences calls for support or agreement with the dualism. Today the readers and researchers have some interest on the philosophy of dualism and thus the work of Descartes as the person who represented the tradition to modern philosophy.
Literature Review Rene Descartes arguments on mind and body
The comparison of the two elements of life seems to be the conflict of the inquiry of whether the mind and the body are distinct substances, or they are the same. Arguably, his mind causes the mental state of affairs while body causes the physical state. Then the question is on the correspondence regarding the physical and mental state.
The proposal by Rene Descartes’ is a theory of interactions gets the reference with the intention of asserting that the two are distinct states, which interact by mutually influencing over each other as a result of the function of the pineal gland based in the brain (Moyal, 289, 1991). According to Moyal on the theory of Rene Descartes (290, 1990), the mutual gland seems to be the focal point of influence between mind and the body.
Scientifically the gland produces a solution: melatonin, which is an important neurotransmitter that assists to regulate sleep and forms part of the brain or body. From the scientific point of view, the Pineal gland is not a bridge between the mind and other special material objects, and therefore it is not a real solution to interaction between the body and mind.
Considering various philosophical principals of Descartes, there are many confusing claims regarding body and mind. The claims initially indicates that everything in the world is classifiable into two states namely, thinking and bodily substance.
People react by thinking through things and properties while the other side of living comprises of the body and its characteristics such as shape, size, motion or position. Where would we place the emotions, sensations or passions such as joy, sadness, love, pleasure, smell, taste and feeling? The categorization of the aspects fumbles people, making them to wonder how to classify certain features to the union between the mind and body.
Considering Descartes’ definition of substance, in the practicable sense, the substances do not depend on other substances. Although not clearly indicated in the specification that there exist two distinct types of substances into which all other aspects falls into, the Descartes tries to indirectly or implicitly indicate that certain quality or attribute requires a precise substance for existence.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Mind and the Body by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, in line with Moyal (293, 1991), this means that each substance exists within a principal attribute that constitute its essence with all the other properties of the substance referencing this attribute. For instance, imagination, sensation and, will are intelligible properties referencing the mind or thinking.
According to Descartes’ definitions of the relationships between mind and body, thinking entails understanding, and being in charge of what occurs within. Being aware of the occurrence offers the consideration of ability for existence of meaning, which is a strong indication that there is a connection between thinking and the sensory mechanism.
John Locke arguments on mind and body
Considering John Locke argument regarding the body and mind, he conveys a constant idea that a human being comprise of the conscious mind and a memory, which can extend to reflect the past as a way of enhancing or finding the personal identity.
Through this argument, he does not imply that the human being has the ability to remember each and every minor detail of past experiences, but it means that ability to posses a personal identity can link the conscious understandings to physical state or appearance (Ashcraft, 220, 1991).
This is how the conscious mind joins the physical appearance of the body to come together and form the human experience of life. He places the mind and body as material substances, which come together to give one an experience nurturing human identity.
According to Ashcraft (221, 1991), on John Locke’s theory, the existence of two material substances in the same mental substance as explained by Rene Descartes is inexistence. He specifies that consciousness unite action in the same physical being. The memory and material experiences are similar in a human being, although it is possible to distinguish consciousness from thinking, such as in the instance of Rene Descartes’ insinuation.
In line with Ashcraft (221, 1991), considering Locke’s theory, “thinking, reflection, memory and, intelligence,” uniquely combine to form the human physique but this cannot occur without the presence of consciousness. Consciousness is therefore a unique attribute in each individual human being meaning that it is not possible to inherit or share another’s body or consciousness.
“There is a huge gap between subjective and objective experience,” (Ashcraft, 220, 1991). Ideally, the investigation pertain the relevance of the physical and mental connection in an individual or consciousness. The investigation of how well an objective processes to become subjective is still tentative among many philosophers.
According to Ashcraft (221, 1991), considering Locke’s theory, “subjectivity is the reality and immediacy of individual experience of consciousness, including memory and the capacity for reasoned reflection.” The outside world is independent of the mind. Real sensation comes from the presence of real objects.
In line with Locke, the world is made of two kinds of substances namely the soul and body. The body provides an immediate idea of the soul. People understand the bodies through sensation while understand the soul through reflection. Contemplation infests in the soul as material nourishments while the soul is immaterial. From this perception, there is formation of mental operations and spiritual souls.
Locke’s theory therefore supports the interaction between the body and the mind as real beings. All the ideas we posses are because of the actions of the body on the mind. This means that the body acts on the soul causing some changes. He argues out that people’s perception of existence lacks clarity over the reality of existing soul. They tend to be sure of the existing physical body and the soul.
The existence of the soul and its related actions is more realistic in nature than the material body. The reality of things regarding material bodies does not exist in the knowledge of the bodies we possess. The knowledge therefore comprises of secondary qualities lacking proper representation of reality (Ashcraft, 220, 1991).
The difficulty that Locke lacks solution for regards his perception of the effects on the bodies lacking interference on the mind or consciousness. His theory of representation, which indicates that people perceive the reality of mental images as a representation of the physical substances lacks substantiation.
Classification of attributes of life as matter or conscious entities is tricky but the reality is that essence of nature is consciousness regardless of its existence as matter or soul. His conclusion has commonsense attributing to existence of two substances namely mental and material. Material substances are the primary quantities as essentially active elements of matter and embodiments of the secondary qualities.
The connection between Locke and Descartes’ theories involves their conclusion over the existence of a third substance form the sense of experiences. The third matter is existence of consciousness as a fundamental premise from which the other aspects derive but remains an indistinct or hazy idea and thus remains enclosed in empirical attributes.
Leibnitz arguments on mind and body Considering Leibnitz thesis on mind and body, there is no body-mind interaction, but a formal relationship pertaining harmony, correspondence or parallelism. His contribution spans a number of topics of this philosophy mainly, materialism, interaction between the mind and body and idealism.
One of the conspicuous topics observes relationship between the body and mind where he denies existence of the interaction but ascertains a pre-established harmony. The earlier discussions of the seventeenth century over the connection between the mind and body spans a great context considered as dualism. This indicated that these are two distinct substances.
Leibnitz remains fundamentally opposed to the aspects of dualism indicating his perception of only one substance of life, thus the mind and body comprising of the same substance but metaphysically distinct. His metaphysical assumption is existence of a distinct substance from the body. Certain mental states may coordinate body states and vices versa. Considering Descartes’ perspective, there is an existence of interaction between the body and the mind.
According to Jolley (112, 2004), on Leibniz’s theory, no state can influence the other thus the technical denial of inter-substantiation. Every state of a substance emerges from an initial substance and its programming occurs at the initial stages during the creation to ensure conformity to natural states of the preceding events. This is the language of minds and body where the natural states occur in mutual coordination.
The reality of metaphysical relationship is the mutual conformity or coordination of mind and body, which seem to be the real casual relationship.
Substances may not casually interact, but their state accommodates each other in a way that implies existence of a casual interaction among them. Leibniz’s theory however conforms to existence of mental events, which influence bodily events. “One particular substance has no physical influence on another … nevertheless, one is quite right to say that my will is the cause of this movement of my arm.”
He continues to state that, “for the one expresses distinctly what the other expresses more confusedly, and one must ascribe the action to the substance whose expression is more distinct.” This is an explanation of what he explains to be metaphysical reality. Every existing substance is available to the entire universe but we only perceive a portion of it distinctly and the rest unconsciously, hence the confusion (Jolley, 112, 2005).
The argument is on existence of programmed substances, which are active or passive at the pertinent moment with incidence of real considerable relations. According to Leibniz’s theory, “nature of an individual substance or of a complete being is to have a notion that is sufficient to contain and to allow us to deduce from it all the predicates of the subject to which this notion is attributed.”
The problem with this theory is on the explanation of the complete concept theory where there seem to be an assumption pertaining lack of a genuine possibility over casual determination. His implication is on the existence of casual interaction between two beings, which requires transmission or transposition of the parts.
Evidently, Leibniz drew a parallel perception with respect to consciousness. However, he lacks clear distinction between conscious and unconscious vision. He initially has a clear care and uniformity to but his commitment lacks clear justification and perception. The Leibnizian theory only supports perception but at close range, there are fundamental divides between consciousness and unconsciousness.
He states, “Insensible perceptions are as important to [the science of minds, souls, and soul-like substances] as insensible corpuscles are to natural science, and it is just as unreasonable to reject the one as the other on the pretext that they are beyond the reach of our senses” (Jolley, 112, 2005).
Mauriee Merleau arguments on mind and body Most philosophers illustrate the attitude that highly portrays rationalism as a problem on assumption that it ignores situations and nature of thoughts by indicating the world as a mere property of the reflecting mind. Merleau arguments on mind and body strongly reject this approach of rationalism/intellectualism.
Like Leibnitz, Merleau sets out his points to expose the problematic nature of dualism set by the traditional philosophers regarding the body and mind. He has a strong attention to the significance of the body in connection to the world, self and others.
This is a strong emphasis regarding the body’s ability to act independently rather than as influenced by other traits. He picks the problem of dualism in relation to the mind and body as a real problem, because when considering the body as an object links to consideration of the world as objective. Problems regarding the body are general to the whole outside world since it is entirely distinguishable from the philosophical area under discussion (Merleau-Ponty Maurice
Marketing Implementation Analytical Essay argumentative essay help
Good marketing strategies, marketing skills, and innovativeness are essential components in implementing a marketing plan. In essence, marketing is a social activity that incorporates the satisfaction of customer needs and wants, and is a wholesome activity with organizational outlook, focusing on future and anticipated needs. Marketing incorporates issues such as corporate social responsibility, which determines the way businesses evaluate the impact of their activities on the society.
In view of all these, effective Marketing implementation calls upon an effective marketing plan. Philip, Armstrong, Wong and Saunders (2008) define marketing as “an integrated process through which companies create value for customers and build strong customer relationships in order to capture value from customers in return”.
In addition, “Marketing is the process by which companies determine what products or services may be of interest to customers and the strategy to use in sales, communications and business development” (Philip, Armstrong, Wong and Saunders ,2008).
By incorporating an effective marketing plan, the management team of coco bongo has to draw up a marketing strategy including clear identification of the actual activities to undertake to achieve their objectives as determined by (Nichols 1993).
Thus, the marketing process To effectively implement the marketing plan for coco bongo, the marketers have to draw up a marketing plan incorporating the actual actions to be undertaken by the marketing team to achieve the objectives of the coco bongo nightclub. The marketing process and marketing mix could play key roles.
Marketing organization The planned implementation envisaged a marketing organization. This was the framework for organized marketing activities, the business organization and its core management structures and the relationship between the management and its employees. There were effective communication channels within the organization and best business practices were core in the organization.
Activities The core objectives of the coco bongo club included profit generation, a wider customer base, customer royalty, market penetration, brand royalty, and gaining a completive edge on other entertainment joints in the London market. The brand name of the club was synonymous with customer satisfaction.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main product for this club is entertainment. However, as a new venture, the management of the club had to embark on promotional activities, as a marketing strategy to impress upon the customers its existence and the services it had to offer. Coco bongo is unique in the kind of product offerings.
Thus, it was of importance for the club to embed promotional activities to impress upon the mind of the market on the value derived from its activities. Inclusive in the marketing and promotional activities lots of sideshows to attract customers as promotional offers, acrobatic shows, and dancing incorporating professional dancers. Nichols (1993) concludes that the marketing concept of direct selling has a host of benefits.
This will help the marketers identify customer needs on the level of entertainment; evaluate customer base and customer satisfaction. In addition, other activities could incorporate pricing. Pricing is an important concept in marketing and forms one of the 4p’s in marketing, i.e., product, price, promotion, and place (Nichols 1993).
These marketing activities serve to inform the customers about the club, identify their customers, collect views about the club, and device ways of gaining a competitive edge in a competitive environment.
The marketing concept and market planning are essential components in customer retention, realization of higher profit margins, and customer loyalty. Promotional activities should incorporate customer demographics and tailor making products for that market, customer oriented products, and envisage the 4p’s in marketing. The products here imply the type or form of entertainment.
Other promotional activities important in implementing the marketing plan include direct marketing strategies (Nichols 1993). According to the case study, direct marketing includes professional dancing and many shows among other marketing mix activities. Importantly, critically focusing on the best customers leads to profit maximization.
The survival of a business enterprise depends on its customer base, type of customers, customer loyalty, and product rating. A thorough analysis of these characteristics from the customer depends on information collected from the customers.
We will write a custom Essay on Marketing Implementation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, the management of bongo club devised methods for collecting customer response to enable management make vital decisions related to product improvement, innovation while constantly revising on its marketing strategies. Such method included collecting customer response by administering questionnaires, observations, and conducting other quantitative surveys and analysis of the responses.
One of the indicators of a successful business is a timely implementation of its plans and strategies. By effectively addressing all these, the management of the club, in consultation with advertising agencies, hosting venues and other stakeholders drew up a timetable that addressed the needs of all stakeholders and an efficient implementation plan. Emotional needs of the customers were also addressed in the planned Implementation. According to the timeline for implementation, the business was to be lounged in three weeks.
Competitive Evaluation and Control Performance
A business enterprise needs competitive evaluation to ascertain if it meets its objectives, such as customer loyalty, attitude of the customers to the presented products, customer needs and wants, the profitability of the business, and management expectations. This done, the management of the club undertook to define performance measures which acted as benchmark for evaluating the activities of the business in line with its objectives and goals.
The objectives, as spelt by the business enterprise could remain both short term and long term. The performance standards included a survey of customers’ satisfaction, the impact of the business on the environment, profit generation, and evaluation of customer needs and wants. Customer satisfaction remains vital in determining the performance of the business.
Standards envisaged quality control measures, legal requirements, ethical and corporate issues. The commitment and efficient utilization of the human resources served as a basis for formulating standards for the club. Setting standards also called upon management to defined exactly what they wanted done and how.
In addition, Megan (2007) asserts that standards applied on a range of issues including customer satisfaction, a wide customer base, retention customers, and profit maximization. Management expectations played a key role in identifying and setting standards.
Other drivers to benchmarking included active member participations, innovativeness, collaboration between the management and team members, legal and political environment, and a monitoring criteria. Megan (2007) found out that hosts of benefits accrue because of setting performance standards. Neely (2002) adds that standard measures include the quality of entertainment, timeliness in starting and ending entertainment, and cost effectiveness of the business venture.
Business enterprises with good quality implementation strategies ought to envisage in their marketing and implementation strategies monitoring controls.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Implementation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Monitoring controls envisage a guideline on business performance evaluation. The management of the bongo club must embed in its managerial strategies issues such as weekly reviews of employees and management actions, there should be schedules on implementing and carrying out duties in the organization, continuous performance evaluation remains key on both employee and management levels.
Meetings form an important component in decision-making and conflict resolutions. Meetings also form part of the way employees express their satisfaction or dissatisfactions over management actions.
There should be frequent updates on the club’s activities and concerns. Varieties of benefits could result from the business when monitoring control measures remain effectively embedded in the system. These includes, energizing employees, inspiring them, resolving conflicts, increased employee activeness and productivity, enhanced communication within the business setting, and improved group dynamics.
The target market forms an essential component in effective marketing. This target market identification enabled management and the whole business enterprise tailors its products to suit the market and remain competitive, profitable, and retains a wider customer base coupled with customer loyalty, asserts Baker (2008).
Data on the demographic nature of the population obtained and studied well enabled the team to develop a marketing mix with appropriate marketing strategies for the appropriate market. This involved, analyzing similar business ventures to identify who their customers were, the occupation of new customers and how the timing could influence their activities, the location of the business, income levels of the groups, and essentially their entertainment needs.
SWOT SWOT implies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats a business faces. The key strengths of the bongo club were its uniqueness in the market, the hosting venue in central London, providing easy accessibility to the venue from all quarters.
In addition, the club’s financial health remained good with superior advertising methods used. Weaknesses identified included a new business environment, new cultural settings, time of entertainment and fear from customers over the new entertainment modalities. However, the scene unfolds issues where varieties of opportiunities abound.
These include the uniqueness of the new venture, better administrative abilities, experienced employees, highly motivated workers assert Nichols (1993). The threats stemmed from other competitors and entrepreneurs who may innovatively use the idea to come up with a similar businesses, current business competitors, high prices, and environmental regulations.
Works Cited Baker. Michael, The Strategic Marketing Plan Audit: University of Strathclyde, 2008
Neely. Andy, Business Performance Measurement–Theory and Practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000.
Nichols, Jan Welborn-. “Marketing Basics” 1993. Web.
Kotler, Philip, Armstrong, Gary, Wong, Veronica, and Saunders,. Principles of Marketing 5th ed. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008.
Megan, Tough. Setting Job Performance Standards. (2007). 6th March 2010. Publishing http://www.sideroad.com/Management/performance-standard.html
Coverage of the Cold War in Life Magazine: The Bomb That Never Exploded Essay college application essay help
The world history of the twentieth century after the Second World War was by large dominated by the relationships that formed as a result of the opposition between the United States of America and the USSR.
The two mega-powers were struggling for global influence, and since they possessed completely antipodal views on what the ideal state should be like, this confrontation shaped into the so-called Cold War. Among the main features of this bloodless war was arms race that involved a harsh competition, inter alia, in the sphere of nuclear weapons.
The post-war United States could boast a yet unsurpassed advantage over the military arsenal of any other country: their main strategic weapon was the atomic bomb, which became an almost legendary symbol of the US power. The attitude to the atomic bomb and its role in the Cold War sufficiently changed with the course of time, and this change is reflected, in particular, in the coverage of Cold War events by the US Life magazine.
The atomic bomb explosions on Hiroshima and Nagasaki allowed the USA to demonstrate an unprecedented military might and to declare their ambition of global control by means of atomic weapon. The devastating power of the latter allowed the US military authorities to build ambitious strategies involving the use of atomic bomb as a nuclear deterrent and annihilator of the enemy.
Provided that the US atmosphere was strained in the expectance of the enemy strokes and acknowledgement of the “ever-returning concept of war”, atomic bomb was an impressive weapon of intimidation.
Inspired by the immense destructive force of the atomic bomb, military officials built ambitious hostility strategies that were characterized as “military profitable” due to the involvement of the atomic bomb. But despite this confidence in the offensive qualities of the atomic bomb, strategists remarked on the necessity for updating the military fleet for more efficient bomb application.
As the communistic regime took over Hungary, the US military recognized the increasing speed of the threatening danger and emphasized the importance of not only creating new superfast and light aircrafts for carrying the atomic bomb, but also adapting the US building styles and relocating industrial so that the devastating effects of the possible USSR attack were minimized.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The anti-soviet attitudes grew with the news of the coup-d’état in Czechoslovakia, when the United States realized that “the remote threat of the atomic bomb was no match for Red guns and tanks on the borders” and that Communism was an obviously uncooperative regime. Americans realized that power was in their hands as long as they kept the monopoly on the atomic bomb which is the only device for balancing the Russian military weight in Europe.
The feeling of insecurity grew, as the United States realized that the chances of involving into a war were growing with every day. After the Soviets surpassed the expectations of the US military and detonated their own bomb in 1949 instead of working on it till the predicted mid-1950s, the understanding of the non-absolute character of the atomic bomb came.
Doubt in the exclusive efficiency of the atomic bomb in fighting the enemy appeared in a discussion on what exactly constitutes success in fighting the Russians. Analyzing the course of the World War II, American experts on psychological warfare remarked that “as Hitler’s reliance on physical force let him to scorn the help of the Soviet people, reliance on the atomic bomb could lead us into comparable folly.”
Panic was slowly but steadily spreading over the American population which could not avoid worrying about the atomic war threat since information on it was literally everywhere: in February 1950, Life dedicated a whole issue to discussion of the atomic bomb under a motto that no compromise could be reached with the communists and that war was inevitable.
Psychologists connected the reaction to the possible atomic war with the US baby boom of the late 1940s: “The war psychology must have changed our values, and the Cold War and atomic bomb have brought on a revival of the will to survive.”
In the atmosphere of society experiencing great psychological stress of the atomic threat, cardinal changes also occurred in the specialists’ attitudes. More openly than ever, scientists voiced their opposition to further development of the mass-destruction bombs.
In their letters to the editors of life, representatives of Research Institute of America call to common sense and express harsh criticism of the atomic defense plan in terms of general humanity principles. Atomic bomb and weapon in general was no longer regarded as the best way to work out the contemporary geopolitical problems, since considering the huge military potential of both hostile mega-powers any serious warfare with them could lead to catastrophic consequences.
We will write a custom Essay on Coverage of the Cold War in Life Magazine: The Bomb That Never Exploded specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the one hand, appeals were published in the press to revise the approach to warfare and stop putting the whole responsibility for military success or failure on scientific achievements. On the other hand, claims were made to review the application of atomic energy for not military but peaceful use since “all the heads of the state including even the Russians [were] pulling back from atomic abyss.”
The press coverage of the Cold War events appears to have been quite sensitive to the changing role of the atomic bomb in the nuclear arms race. Positioning the Russians as a thoroughly uncompromising enemy to be fought at any rate, the Life magazine nevertheless demonstrates a significant shift in the attitude to the atomic bomb function. First envisaged as a crucial and universal weapon, the atomic bomb gradually loses its positions as the Russians acquire a bomb of their own and the world realizes the possible catastrophic consequences of a nuclear war.
References The atomic bomb. (1950, February 27). Life, 28(9), 91–100.
Bullitt, William S. (1948, August 30). How we won the war and lost the peace. Life, 25(9), 83–86.
Bush, Vannevar. (1949, November 14). Scientific weapons and a future war. Life, 27(20), 112–130.
Carroll, Wallace. (1949, December 19). It takes a Russian to beat a Russian. Life, 27(25), 80–88.
Hyland, T. S. (1949, December 26). The fruitful mountains. Life, 27(26), 60–67.
Letters to the editors: Atomic defense plan. (1951, January 8). Life, 30(2), 4.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Coverage of the Cold War in Life Magazine: The Bomb That Never Exploded by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Murphy, Charles J. V. (1947, January 20). The Polar concept: It is revolutionizing American strategy. Life, 22(3), 61–62.
The nature of the enemy. (1950, February 27). Life, 28(9), 30–31.
Spaatz, Carl. (1948, July 5). If we should have to fight again. Life, 25(1), 34–44.
Spaatz, Carl. (1948, August 16). Phase II Air War. Life, 25(7), 90–104.
Strauss, Lewis L. (1950, July 24). Some A-bomb fallacies are exposed. Life, 29(4), 81–90.
US foreign policy takes a licking. (1948, March 8). Life, 24(10), 27–30.
The US surveys its weak defense. (1947, June 16). Life, 22(24), 27–33.
Wallace, Henry. (1956, May 14). Henry Wallace tells of his political odyssey. Life, 40(20), 174–190.
Footnotes Charles J. V. Murphy, “The Polar concept: It is revolutionizing American strategy,” Life (January 20, 1947), pp. 61–62.
Charles J. V. Murphy, “The Polar concept: It is revolutionizing American strategy,” Life (January 20, 1947), pp. 61–62.
“The US surveys its weak defense,” Life (June 16, 1947), pp. 27–33.
“US foreign policy takes a licking,” Life (March 8, 1948), pp. 27–30.
Carl Spaatz, “Some A-bomb fallacies are exposed,” Life (August 16, 1948), pp. 81–90; Carl Spaatz, “Phase II Air War,” Life (July 24, 1950), pp. 90–104.
William S. Bullitt, “How we won the war and lost the peace,” Life (August 30, 1948), pp. 83–86.
Vannevar Bush, “Scientific weapons and a future war,” Life (November 14, 1949), pp. 112–130.
Wallace Carroll, “It takes a Russian to beat a Russian,” Life (December 19, 1949), pp. 80–88.
“The atomic bomb,” Life (February 27, 1950), pp. 91–100.
T. S. Hyland, “The fruitful mountains,” Life (December 26, 1949), pp. 60–67.
Lewis L Strauss, “Some A-bomb fallacies are exposed,” Life (July 24, 1950), pp. 81–90.
“Letters to the editors: Atomic defense plan,” Life (January 8, 1951), p. 4.
Lewis L Strauss, “Some A-bomb fallacies are exposed,” Life (July 24, 1950), pp. 81–90.
Henry Wallace, “Henry Wallace tells of his political odyssey,” Life (May 14, 1956), pp. 174–190.
What is Hypertension? Report college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction Medically, for one to be healthy; as concerns one’s blood pressure, the body’s arteries must maintain a pressure that should not exceed 120 systolic (maximum amount) and 80 diastolic (minimum amounts). If the body fails to maintain such pressures; more so in elevated states, two cases of blood pressure anomalies result namely: pre-hypertension and hypertension.
The former has a blood pressure ranging from 139 systolic to 89 diastolic and in most cases, it is a clear indication of likelihoods of hypertension occurring. The latter has blood pressure ranging from 140 systolic to 90 diastolic; hence, hypertension (Medilexicon International Limited, 2010, Para. 2-3).
This is one of the most chronic and common blood pressure disorders, with many associated health complications. In common life scenarios, it is very hard for individuals to recognize they suffer from the ailment, because it lacks clear symptoms that are detectable physically. In addition, the fact that, it lacks common symptoms; because of the variations that occur among different ailing individuals symptomatically, makes it harder for one to detect that, they are suffering from hypertension.
This fact makes most individuals call it the “silent assassin,” because most individuals discover they are suffering from the ailment when it is in its advanced stages. Two main forms of this ailment exist; essential and secondary, which primarily depend on the causal factors. That is, the former has no proved medical cause whereas, the latter results due to other external factors, which include tumors and kidney failures.
It is important to note that, early detection of the ailment can help in taming side effects that may result from elevated blood pressure however, if the same never happens, its persistent state is the main contributor of most health complications, which include arterial aneurysm, renal failures, and many heart complications (Cunha
American Education: A Critical Discussion of Values Education Trend Term Paper essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Values Education: Definition and Origin
The Philosophy of Values Education
Foundations of Values Education
Values Education: Is it Still in Use?
Feelings towards Values Education
Introduction Today, more than ever before, the American education system seems more interested in nurturing students’ attitudes than on what can realistically and ideally be called real teaching. This strategy of learning, mainly touted as ‘affective education,’ treats issues of self-esteem and personality development as the ultimate objective of education, eliciting feelings of misgivings and doubt among parents and guardians keen on the type of education given to their children (Lindslay para. 1).
It may, however, mesmerize many educational pundits and parents when the knowledge of the origins and development of this particular system of education is availed to them. Affective education draws its origins from an earlier trend of education known as values education (Hardin 23).
It is, therefore, the purpose of this paper to critically evaluate values education in terms of attempting to understand its origins, theoretical orientations, usage, and its influence in the American education system.
Before engaging in the analysis, it is imperative to note that the American education system, especially in the public sector, has been influenced by a wide allay of trends that are introduced or evolve to cope with particular situations (Tauber 20).
For instance, pundits argue that both affective and proactive approaches to education arose when teachers were desperately in need of mechanisms and strategies to control issues of discipline in the classroom (Tauber 23). These trends, though heavily criticized in some quarters for deviating attention to issues of student independence and morality at the expense of learning, are indeed working to maintain discipline, both at the classroom and societal level.
Supporters of these strategies argue that for real learning to take place, an enabling environment must be created in the classroom, and teachers are at the center of creating such an environment by acting as facilitators rather than controllers (Johnston et al 58). This line of thinking influenced, to a large extent, the evolution of values education in American education system during the 1970’s.
Values Education: Definition and Origin According to Thapar, “…values education is education in values and education towards the inculcation of values” either in school or non-school settings (para. 1). Values education draws largely from character education, which is inarguably thought to be as old as mankind, precisely because civilizations the world over becomes unsustainable in the absence of character (Tauber 23).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Historically, generations have transferred their social, cultural, educational, and political values to subsequent generations to ensure preservation. Aristotle, one of the greatest philosophers of all times, presumptuously argued that the demonstration of good behavior habits and ingrained virtues by an individual represented good character (Rogers 7). As such, it can only be argued that development of outstanding character was at the core of values education curriculum in the US during the 1970’s.
It is worth noting that American institutions of learning are firmly grounded in the tradition of transmitting fundamental values from one generation to the other. It is indeed notable that Thomas Jefferson, one of the founding fathers of the nation, rooted for an enlarged and vibrant arrangement of public education to convey American democratic virtues to future generations (Johnstone 18). The emphasis of this paper, however, is to trace the origins of values education in American schools.
Educational historians and other theorists suggest that values education was conceived and grounded in the ideas and concepts of character education, an educational trend that disappeared from the American education limelight in the 1950’s (Johnstone 21). Before its disappearance, character education had been adopted by almost every public school in the US at the onset of the 20th century.
The decade of the 1950s was an era of conformity in many American institutions, including public schools. Character education took a back seat as parents, schools, the church, and society took a more conservative approach known as inculcating and modeling of character (Poulou 104).
American public schools, in particular, were on more than one occasion accused of undermining the role of character education by taking it for granted. For instance, character education in American schools in the 1950’s was limited to requesting students to be neat, punctual, polite, and to work exceedingly hard to attain success.
According to educational analysts, however, students were being given a small portion of what character education entailed, with the rest of the time being devoted to developing their intellectual capacities at the expense of moral development (Poulou 105).
By any standards, the decade of the 1960’s was marked with tumultuous and almost riotous reorganizations and reinventions in the U.S., and traditional roles and values became subject to mockery and rejection by the younger generation. As people demanded for more power and independence, the status of students, women and members of minority groups changed spectacularly in what was perceived as one of the greatest social revolutions ever to be witnessed in the history of mankind (Rogers 27).
We will write a custom Term Paper on American Education: A Critical Discussion of Values Education Trend specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More New attitudes and value systems emerged, and individuals, including students, started to experiment with a wide allay of activities such as homosexuality, drug use, new religious orientations, new career options, and enigmatic lifestyles in the name of presuming greater authority and control over their own individual lives. Cases of indiscipline and teenage pregnancies escalated in American schools, culminating to the reintroduction of character education in the 1970s under the broad based all-inclusive name of values education
The Philosophy of Values Education Some educational analysts, to date, believe that values education as introduced in American education system in the 1970’s was an original replica of character education, which dominated the education system in the decades of the 1930s and 1940s (Hardin 15).
It’s imperative to note that the decline of character education in schools across the U.S. was also unequivocally related to wide recognition and approval of scientific thinking among the members of the teaching fraternity. Logical positivism was popularized in 20th Century America at the expense of Morality-based education, which was personalized and accused of being subjective as it could not be proven using scientific methods (Lickona 7).
The positivist educators were of the opinion that they could structure a learning process and curriculum that was objective, credible, and beyond the sway of individual values. A value-based curriculum, according to them, was impossible since values were considered as shifting in objectives, situational in nature, and relative in ensuring equity.
Character education, therefore, was perceived by positivist educators as individualized, and dependent upon subjective value judgments (Lickona 7). As such, it was doomed as unfit for educational institutions in the U.S to Convey.
But the tumultuous events of the 1960’s made stakeholders in the education sector to rethink their strategies as cases of school indiscipline among students in American schools more than doubled (Hardin 18). This saw the reintroduction of character education in the 1970s, this time under the auspices of values education.
The philosophy governing this trend changed dramatically, with educators laying emphasis on individual values development rather than abiding by values set by the society as was traditionally the case. Under the new system of values education, teachers were now encouraged, not only to assist learners clarify their individual values, but also develop an enabling school environment which could facilitate students to learn the skills of moral reasoning and value analysis (Superka 38).
Teachers, however, were counseled against instilling their own perceptions of values and morals on the students, implying that the educator’s role was severely limited to facilitating the students to internalize and develop their own value systems, the teachers’ beliefs notwithstanding. Many educators of the 21st century firmly believe that affective education, which is widely gaining acceptance in American education system, has its roots in values education of the 1970s.
Not sure if you can write a paper on American Education: A Critical Discussion of Values Education Trend by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Teachers, according to the proponents of this new trend of education, were not allowed to impose their own values on the students since the American society had become largely pluralistic (Superka 40). A better curriculum according to this new form of imparting skills was one that would facilitate the learners to learn adequate skills of moral reasoning, not to mention the fact that such a curriculum was also intended to sharpen the students’ decision making capacities to enable them cope with the immense life challenges after school.
Specifically, this system of education not only put emphasis on the role of education in enabling students to have personal gratification in life, but also enjoy social relations outside the education system that were both constructive and productive (Hardin 23). This, however, does not mean that the system was weak in imparting the skills needed in line with the main objective of attending school.
Contrary to popular belief, values education as a trend in American education was largely holistic, assisting the students to nurture their own values for real learning to take place. According to Tauber, values education acted as the liberating philosophy of the 1970s and early 1980s (85).
The trend, however, was largely phased out in 1980s as academic performance took the center stage at the expense of values development. Students were, once again, being encouraged to take academic performance and competition more seriously than the development of individual values.
Education analysts are of the opinion that the abandonment of values education triggered an upsurge of immoral activities in the U.S. such as drug abuse, teen pregnancy, increase in school dropouts, and disintegration of the social fabric, including family breakups (Poulou 106).
Other notable incidences witnessed in the 1990s, and which were directly related to a breakdown in values education in American schools, included high instances of teen suicide, unparalleled number of political and social scandals, and high-level cases of school indiscipline.
It is imperative to mention that these and other isolated incidences led parents and educators to reconsider their earlier stand on values education, with a significant proportion of education stakeholders requesting schools across the U.S. to revert back to educating students about values and moral reasoning.
Foundations of Values Education Many new and past trends in American education have always found delight in specific educational or psychological theories seeking to explain their existence. Values education is no exception. Many of the concepts guiding values education are founded on William Glasser’s Reality Model. The psychologist is best remembered for popularizing the three Rs approach – Right, Responsible, and Respect – in counseling students and maintaining classroom discipline (Johnstone et al 102).
For Glasser, values and morals can be taught to students of any age if the sole purpose is to reinforce their character to be able to live a more fulfilling life upon disengaging with school activities. Glasser, however, identifies the teaching of responsibility as one of the foremost tasks that a teacher should engage in as this variable determines the kind of classroom environment that will be set for effective learning to take place.
According to the Reality Model, the student is endowed with the responsibility to choose and make rational decisions. Consequently, the model argues that behavior entails an individual’s choice to meet their own needs (Tauber 83).
The Reality Model further postulates that educators must always focus on the present student behavior, and should not, in any way, focus on past behavior. For Glasser, behavior is fundamental for values development, and therefore, educators must also demonstrate caring, loving, supportive, and empathic attitudes when interacting with students to boost behavior development (Tauber 84).
According to the model, it is indeed the function of educators to assist students make proper value judgments by frequently questioning whether the students’ behaviors are working for them, and what they really want to attain in life.
Values education is also based on value-clarification approach, a model developed by a team of American educators and policy makers in the 1970s. This approach presupposes that, “…everyday, every one of us meets life situations which call for thought, opinion-making, decision-making, and action. Some of our experiences are familiar, some novel; some are casual, some of extreme importance.
Everything we do, every decision we make and course of action we take, is based on our consciously held beliefs, attitudes and values” (Simon
Manzanar custom essay help: custom essay help
Introduction Manzanar which is located in Owens Valley, California adjacent to the Sierra Nevada is one of ten camps in which over one hundred and twenty thousand Japanese Americans were imprisoned during World War II including over one hundred children who subsisted in an orphanage that was identified as the Children’s Village (Nadeau 12).
Manzanar was initially the home to Native Americans who generally lived in villages before the beginning of the twentieth century when the area became occupied by miners and ranchers who officially registered the town of Manzanar in 1910.
The City of Los Angeles acquired the water rights to the area in 1929 forcing the miners and ranchers to abandon their activities due to the stringent water levies that were being imposed on them by the City of Los Angeles (Nadeau 15). Japanese Americans are Americans of Japanese descents who were recorded in history to be among the three principal Asian American populations.
Japanese American internment took place in 1942 when the United States government under the orders of President Franklin Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, forcefully relocated approximately one hundred and ten thousand Japanese Americans and residents of the Pacific coast of the United States with Japanese heritage to camps that were referred to as War Relocation Camps. This was after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Imperial Japan (Ewan 78).
The internment process was carried out by the United States military and local military commanders were authorized to allocate military controlled zones so as to form restricted areas where all people of Japanese ancestry were detached from the whole United States’ Pacific coast which encapsulated the whole of California and most parts of Oregon and Washington, with the exception of the Japanese Americans in internment camps (Wehrey 54).
The internment process of the Japanese Americans was irregularly appropriated since most if not all of the Japanese Americans located on the West Coast of the United States were put away (Ewan 80).
On the other hand, States such as Hawaii which harbored more than one hundred and fifty six thousand Japanese Americans who made up virtually a third of that area’s population, only about two thousand two hundred Japanese Americans were incarcerated (Ewan 78). A significant portion of the Japanese Americans who were locked up was composed of United States citizens with over sixty percent being American nationals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Inside Manzanar 1942-1945 Establishment
After President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, on February 19, 1942 that authorized the detention of Americans with Japanese ancestry, the then Secretary of War delegated military commanders to set down military areas that would hold the Japanese Americans. A total of ten areas were designated with Manzanar being the first of the ten concentration camps to be set up (Nadeau 14).
The first Japanese Americans arrived at Manzanar on March 21, 1942 as volunteer workers to help build the camp and it was then known as the Owens Valley Reception Center and was under the control of the US Army’s Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA). On May 31, 1942, the Owens Valley Reception Center was officially handed over to the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and hence the name changed to the Manzanar War Relocation Center on June 1, 1942 (Nadeau 19).
By the end of April 1942, the camp held more than one thousand Japanese American prisoners with thousands more arriving daily and by the beginning of September, the camp contained nearly ten thousand Japanese American prisoners. Most of the prisoners were from the Los Angeles area, many of whom were farmers and fishermen (Wehrey 55).
The Manzanar War Relocation Center was located on a six thousand, two hundred acres piece of desert land that was leased to the United States government by the City of Los Angeles. The housing area was approximately one square mile and was made up of thirty six blocks of poorly structured tarpaper barracks where the prisoners shared a single 20-foot by 25-foot room in accordance to the number of family members (Nadeau 21).
The rooms had no demarcation or ceiling hence seclusion was infrequent to the prisoners. The communal latrines and shower rooms were also not partitioned which made the prisoners relatively uncomfortable and agitated. Each residential block had a communal dining hall, a recreation hall and a heating oil storage tank, which includes the additional blocks that housed the staff (Wehrey 57).
There were camp administration offices which handled the records regarding all the prisoners, school facilities, a high school lecture hall, Buddha churches and a catholic church, a cemetery, a post office, warehouses, shops, a camp newspaper and other basic facilities that were common in American townships (Ewan 93).
The camp’s perimeter wall had within it eight watchtowers manned by armed guards with machine guns and searchlights, and the whole fence was made up of five-strand barbed wire as well as sentry posts at the main entrance.
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Future of Green Technologies in Architectural Industry Report (Assessment) college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Natural and Green Constructions for Green Architecture
Introduction The current global warming effects from ozone depletion to carbon gas emissions have made scientists, architects and world leaders, in seeking new modalities to curb the vice; that seem to threaten lives of many and that of future generations. Currently, the modern architectural designs; adopted by architects, focus of environmental sustainability mechanisms unlike the ancient ones. Building environmental sensitive houses does not create any harm, be it to the client or the owner.
In fact, the design of green architectural homes reduces any operating costs associated with it and on the other hand, it results into lesser environmental impact. Just like the shift from traditional agriculture to environmental friendly biotechnology, architects are busy designing sustainable homes geared towards a sustainable industry.
For example, traditional homes seem to cause heating up of buildings hence, environmental degradation. Furthermore, these houses involve high costs of construction. Perhaps, the reason why many people prefer green buildings nowadays is that, they have less construction costs.
Under the current global economic downturn together with an emphatic energy crisis, people cannot afford to build expensive homes. Therefore, it is apparent that, any future architectural designs especially homes-must address energy conservation and liquid clarity concerning low maintenance costs. (Zander Para.1-5).
Sustainable Architecture On of the modules towards the future of green technologies in architectural industry is sustainable architecture. Sustainable architecture addresses environmental risks associated with the incessant construction of traditional buildings. It simply implies enhanced functionalities, more savings and reliance on energy, mutually in civil workings and in residential constructions.
For example, according to U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), green technologies in architectural industries promote environmental conservation through proper waste management and less consumer costs. Additionally, these houses have balconies and backyards for urban gardens consequently, more food production.
Future green technologies in architectural designs will comprise of new architectural mechanisms, which is simply a combination of prehistoric and industrial routines. These techniques will for example, see setting up of photovoltaic gadgets to produce electricity and fixation of solar thermal collectors to heat water instead of burning charcoal which is riskier to the environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to this, architects use simply available materials for these future green technologies of architectural designs. Materials like coked earth, bamboo, recycled stone, recyclable metal and plastic components not only are they sustainable and less toxic, but also, durable, cheap and save energy loss. (Fair Companies Para. 4-15).
Natural and Green Constructions for Green Architecture Statistics collected by American Institute of Architects indicate that, buildings with greenhouses emit more gases than other economic sectors like transport and energy. However, future green technologies will see architectural designs economical in terms of water, energy and cost of materials hence, less-toxic and healthier homes.
Ancient buildings do not really show environmental conservation techniques. Nevertheless, architects can modify these buildings using new and environmental friendly materials without necessarily demolishing them, for green revolution in future architectural designs.
Future architectural designs will also provide a platform of observing climatic conditions using natural resources like rain, wind and sun to achieve environmental safety. This is bioclimatic architecture where, energy use is not dominant; it preserves combustion and emissions.
For example, cross ventilation of ancient buildings create variations in room temperature and pressure. Nevertheless, bioclimatic architectural designs can change this effect to a better one. Another example is that of greenhouses. Currently, exterior windows with vertical shutters help in preventing greenhouse gas emissions in summer hence, fastidious air conditioning parameters. (Fair Companies Para. 20-33).
In conclusion, future green technologies in architectural industries will see an industry driven towards environmental conservation via green technologies in architectural designs and constructions. Notably, ancient buildings have in one way or another, contributed to environmental degradation. It is therefore up to architects to make designs that prop up thermal reassurance, waste management and generally observe sustainability to climatic conditions.
Works Cited Fair Companies. The Future of Green Architecture. 2009. Web.
We will write a custom Assessment on Future of Green Technologies in Architectural Industry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Zander, Carly. Ashville Architecture Firm Building for the Future by Going Green. 2008. Web.
Memory: Understanding Consciousness Essay best college essay help
Memory is regarded as the most complex phenomenon in the natural world of living organisms. It has been scientifically established that all organisms have very complex mental processes which help them interact with their respective environments (Schacter, 2002). Most researchers have been more concerned with understanding the concept of memory in human beings.
The human brain is adapted and reorganized by the day to day experiences. Continued interactions with the physical world through the sensory experiences, perceptions, and actions play a central role in shaping and changing the state of the brain (Thompson
Effects of Population Density Research Paper essay help online free: essay help online free
Population density is defined as the number of people living in a specific geographical area (Rylander, 2006). The higher the population density there is, the higher human activity that geographical activity will have. This explains why densely populated areas exert more pressure on the immediate environment, which includes the natural resources and the infrastructural resources.
Some of the growing concerns associated with population density include heightened pollution, decreasing territorial space and crime as different people try to use the resources in the specific environment to cater for their respective needs.
Noise is simply defined as the unwanted sounds that people are exposed to in their immediate environment (Oomen
Warriors Don’t Cry Research Paper best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Warriors Don’t Cry, Written by Melba Patillo Beals is a masterpiece addressing the challenges that faced integration of black students in classes dominated by white students.
Melba was among the first black students to be integrated in Central High School (CHS). Before Melba could join a high school, there is a court ruling illegalizing segregation in schools where blacks and whites attend separate schools.
However, sending Melba to Central High School was tantamount to child abuse because the danger she was being exposed to was evident; it is lucky that she was not killed. As this paper explicates, Melba was exposed to grave danger and this negates the need to take her to that school in the first place.
Evaluation As aforementioned, the danger exposed to Melba by sending her to Central High School is evident. After the court ruling illegalizing segregation in schools, a white who has been angered by the decision tries to rape Melba; if it were not for Marissa, who attacks the white man, Melba would have gone through this beastly sexual assault.
This is the first foretell sign that Melba was in trouble. Threats are all over and it is clear that the much-waited integration would not be welcome amongst the whites. The numerous numbers of lawsuits that different whites file before the opening of school echo this impeding danger.
These lawsuits are meant to intimidate the nine students set to join Central High School. Melba’s custodians could have taken the warnings and keep Melba at home. However; India, her grandmother does not to relent, she says, “God’s warriors don’t cry, ‘cause they trust that He’s always by their side (Melba 18).
Ignoring facts does not change them and this is where India; Melba’s grandmother misses the point. She chooses to ignore the fact that the prevailing environment is not suitable for Melba. On September 3, 1957, India drives her grandchild Melba to CHS. As expected, they are attacked by a white mob; fortunately, they escape unscathed. To emphasize how volatile the environment around CHS is, Arkansas National Guard surrounds the school.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is enough reason to make India realize how unwise it is to continue pushing Melba to attend this school. Melba insists that she wants to return to Horace Mann, her former high school but India insists that she is not that coward to quit. Melba cannot leave the house and this measure up to child abuse.
In an attempt to save the situation, Governor Faubus and President Eisenhower intervene but their efforts are fruitless. The State of Arkansas wins a case that seeks to remove Arkansas National Guard around the school. Judge Davies rules that the nine black students be allowed to study in CHS.
Governor Faubus follows the judge’s directive and removes the guards around the school; however, he says there will a lot of bloodshed if Melba and the other eight students join CHS. These insinuations are enough to warn India that it is inexpedient to take Melba to CHS. Ignoring this fact, India is perpetuating child abuse.
On September 23, 1957, the nine black students go to CHS only to be attacked by angry white students. Even though these black students manage to enter into class, Melba is coerced to seek refuge in the principle’s office after a mob breaks the school barricades and advance towards her classroom.
This is grave danger facing Melba yet India does not care or rather does not see it. Can child abuse to more than this? The greatest mistake that India makes in this case is to face danger with sheer vague beliefs. Melba may not be a quitter; however, this does not make her immune to attacks from white mobs.
After several failed efforts to prevent the mob attacks, President Eisenhower employs force to root out this vice. The black students are given 101st Airborne Division escort. Nevertheless, this does not help greatly given the torture Melba and her friends are going through. “The physical and psychological punishment we endured profoundly affected all our lives.
It transformed us into warriors who dared not cry even when we suffered intolerable pain” (Melba 29). The fact that Melba underwent through “torture” and “intolerable pain” underlines child abuse. She did not become a warrior because she wanted to; no, this was the only way she could respond to the abuse she was exposed to by the people who took her to CHS.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Warriors Don’t Cry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Melba puts it clearly the problems that she went through. While other students were busy playing and having good time, she was, “escaping the hanging rope of a lynch mob, dodging lighted sticks of dynamite, and washing away burning acid sprayed into my eyes” (Melba 32). What more evidence can there be to show that Melba was endangering her life. The God India speaks of being around Melba was at work for she was never killed. What is India thinking when pushing Melba to continue attending CHS?
The attacks do not stop even after international community raises concern. Mrs. Jorumn Rickets, a Norwegian reporter tries to intervene but white businesspersons thwart her efforts. President Eisenhower calls back 101st Airborne and this gives way for more attacks.
One day, while Melba is in washrooms, white girls attacks her and subjects her to blistering waters. After Minnijean, one of the nine black students is suspended for throwing chili in the eyes of his attacks, the white students break into a chant saying, “One nigger down and eight to go” (Melba 45).
On another occasion, Melba is about to be attacked by a white mob thank God Link saves her by giving her his car keys. Link warns her of more imminent attacks that the whites are planning. These attacks are too much for Melba to handle. Even though she handles them by becoming a warrior, the pain is too much to bear as a child. From the examples indicated above, it is clear that Melba was under grave danger and this is tantamount to child abuse.
Conclusion From the events that Melba accounts for in her book, it is apparent that she is exposed to grave danger by going to CHS. Those who let her go to this school are guilty of child abuse. From the beginning, it is clear that the whites are not for the idea of integration. After the court illegalizes segregation in schools, a white man tried to rape Melba for he is against this ruling. This is a clear indication that letting Melba attend CHS is a dangerous issue.
After India and Melba are attacked and luckily escape unscathed, India responds by telling Melba that she is not a quitter and she needs to push on for these attacks would recede. However, this is a misinformed notion for Melba continues to live under fear as the attacks persist.
The torture and intimidation that Melba bears, amount to child abuse. She confesses that they only became warriors who would not shed tears because this was the only way to face their hard times. Everything that happened to Melba is tantamount to child abuse; attempted rape through physical attacks to psychological torture surmounts child abuse.
Works Cited Melba, Beals. “Warriors Don’t Cry; A Searing Memoir of the Battle to Integrate Little
Not sure if you can write a paper on Warriors Don’t Cry by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Rock’s Central High School.” Washington; Washington Square Press, 1994.
Why do we sweat when were nervous? Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
How the sweat works
Structure of perspiration
Introduction Perspiration is production of water droplets by the sweat glands in the body when it is hot and the main reason is to cool down the body mechanism. The scientifically to this is thermoregulation (Kalat, 2008). In close reference to Kalat (2008), the evaporation of the sweat causes a cooling effect in a similar mechanism used in the air conditioners.
An average human being has roughly five million glands, which produce sweat in their bodies, with approximately 2.6 million on the skin, mainly on palms, armpits and soles. The sensitivity of human personality manages the reactions of these glands.
The anxiety brought about by stress, anger or embarrassment causes the nervous system to react awkwardly in readiness of the anticipated danger. This is a natural call for preparation to combat the danger and the reaction is the raised pulses, increased perspiration and, rapid breathing. The climatic conditions does not determine the perspiration rate at this anxious state, therefore the rate may rise even when the conditions are very cold.
This paper is a major finding of why two different activities such as an aerobic workout and job interview cause similar perspiration effects on the body. How does the body make the sweat and what is its function? What is the difference between the sweat under the armpits and that on the hands? In addition, how does nervousness lead to sweating?
Biological nature People have different perspiration rates because of difference in the number and concentration of glands, response to effects such as climatic conditions and, adaptation (Sherwood, 2008). People who are born and bred in hot or humid areas have lower sweating mechanisms compared to the dry and less humid areas, therefore when moved to the latter specifications, a person sweats profusely. The stressful situations are when one sweats but the body mechanism is not in need of the cooling effects.
According to Sherwood (2008), bacteria on the skin cause the odour on the perspiration, therefore the sweat does not have the bad smell. “The sympathetic nervous system controls the perspiration and therefore it is the body’s thermostat” (Hant, 2007).
This means that during times of low or no control, the sweat runs off the skin. At such instances, it is easy to judge if one is nervous of a situation, such as when one is lying. The perspiration behaviour can be a factor for detecting lies, emotional circumstances, different blood pressure, difference in pulses, and disparity over respiration rates.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In some situations, the body mechanism lacks control over some functions for instance, during the emotional scenarios; people are in control of the communication but not the actions or the body language. The language is more honest than the words thus the reason one is able to interpret danger or excitements without having to relay on explanations.
According to research, about 93% of the body’s physical reaction is the active and most accurate communication. This means that when there is a contradiction between the body language and the words, then it is better to go as per the former.
Sweating is a natural act; therefore, when one sweats in the palms it is an indication that there is a certain amount of stress or anxiety. According to research findings, only a small percentage of approximately 2% of the general populace can notice sweat on the palms thus considering it as normal (Wilmore, 2008).
Most people will have to be in an anxious or stressful situation to experience and notice palm sweat or excessive perspiration from the armpits. From these findings, it is right to state that human beings sweat during the nervous situations. The sympathetic nervous systems are an automatic call over perceived danger or anticipated excitement.
How the sweat works The excessive heat in the body comes from the worked out muscles or over stimulated nervous system and perspiration is the only mechanism to cause the cooling effect. The excessive perspiration usually on the palms and armpits without existence of the physical or emotional activities has a scientific reference of “diaphoresis.”
The is no scientific situation known to cause imbalance in the hormonal structure, a thyroid gland that is over-reactive, increased body’s metabolic rates and thermoregulations. Other causes entail the use of certain food and medications such as stimulants like coffee with concentrated caffeine and, lastly the over activity especially on the sensitive nervous system (Wilmore, 2008).
Structure of perspiration Generally, the sweat gland is a hollow long tube made of cells extending from the dermis section to the pores of the skin. The coiled part produces the sweat. In line with Kalat (2008), the “sympathetic nervous system, has nerve cells connecting to the glands and therefore the reason why sometimes the production occurs because of nervous stimulation.” There are two types of sweat glands namely “Eccrine and Apocrine.”
We will write a custom Essay on Why do we sweat when were nervous? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The two types of glands have different sizes, dissimilar times of activeness and diverse type of elements in the sweat. “The ‘Eccrine’ glands are numerous and widely distributed all over human body but particularly found on the palms, soles of the feet and forehead” (Kalat, 2008). These glands mostly become active at puberty stage in the human developmental lifecycle. Conversely, the ‘Apocrine’ glands are highly confined to the armpits and the anal genital areas and mainly have hair endings as opposed to the common pores.
These glands are smaller, active since conception and, produce sweat that lacks the fatty acids or proteins. Some boy parts such as the lips lack the sweat glands. The human body has special type of glands such as those found on the lining on the outer ear that produce wax to prevent damages by harmful materials such as insects (Kalat, 2008).
There are various physical signs associable to anxiety brought about by performance. These signs are functions of the independent nervous system in the body specifically the sympathetic part known to be the main control of the visceral functions. The human brain system, hypothalamus and spine system are the main activators of the autonomous nervous system.
These autonomic nervous systems can have impulses originating from the cerebral cortex, therefore the perception represented by the brain or thinking stimulates the physical signs of pre-performance anxieties, by triggering the autonomic nervous system and the body tasks that it controls such as perspiration.
From the scientific point of view, “the effects of sympathetic stimulation on the organs of the body can be dramatic. Sympathetic stimulation dilates the pupil, makes the heart beat faster or harder, constricts glands of the eye, nose, or mouth and causes sweat glands to produce sweat” (Weiten, 2008).
Other sympathetic situations are not easily noticeable for instance in dilation of the bronchi, secretion of more glucose to serve the increased mental activities, constricted blood vessels on the skin, and the over-energized feeling. Other references given to the sympathetic nervous system that causes the production of more sweat include an alarm reaction or flight or fight response because they provide extra energy beyond the normal output as a counter measure.
People utilize various techniques to manage anxieties related to performance. During performance, one can practice slow breathing techniques, short yoga routine, engage a positive self-talk, engage a mild aerobic activity, meditation, and engage in laughter, especially when one discovers probability of a challenging activity such as public presentation. The relaxation activities assist in secretion of endorphins that eventually overcomes the nor-epinephrine thus reducing the uncommon perspiration rates.
According to Weiten (2008), “the development of reliable but reassuring personal routine makes the real difference over management of irregular perspiration.” The anxiety brought about by performance is not unique to a particular group of people. One can be able to overcome some of the sympathetic nervous simulations such as the uncontrollable sweating through forming an understanding of the anxieties as real and, normal human psychological functions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Why do we sweat when were nervous? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is also important to have some personal ways of slotting in features of cognitive behaviours such as spirit boosting self-talks, incorporating some relaxation techniques such as exercises and developing some criteria of understanding or detecting the situations of anxiety.
Conclusion When one is afraid, anxious or nervous, the respiratory mechanism responds to the emotional state by increasing the sympathetic nervous activities, thus triggering the adrenal glands that increase the epinephrine secretions. This is because of the connection with the nervous system. The epinephrine secretions act on the sweat glands especially in the armpits and, palms of the hands. The whole mechanism therefore causes one to perspire automatically during the nervous states.
References Hunt, M.M. (2007). The story of psychology. Anchor Books Publishers
Kalat, J.W. (2008) Biological Psychology. Cengage Learning Publishers
Sherwood, L. (2008) Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems. Cengage Learning Publishers
Weiten, W. (2008). Psychology: Themes and Variations. Cengage Learning Publishers
Wilmore, J.H, Costill, D.L, and Kenney, W. L. (2008). Physiology of sport and exercise. Human Kinetics Publishers
Saving Water and Methods of Its Protection Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Abstract
Industrial Water Protection and Conservation
Domestic Water Protection and Conservation Measures
Forced Water Conservation
Discussion and Conclusion
Abstract Every form of life depends on water for existence. Water is also critical for most industrial processes. However, misuse and pollution of water are making it a very scarce commodity although most of the world population does not realize this. This paper describes water scarcity, factors behind the scarcity and the possible methods of protecting and conserving it.
At an industrial level, a good water management plan (WMP) is mandatory. Apart from saving water, the good WMP benefits the industry in various other ways. These are described in the paper. It also considers various methods of saving water at home and the possibility of forced water conservation in cases where consumers are ignorant.
Introduction What is water? How and why do we need to conserve it? These are very important questions when considering sustainability of life in the future. Most people especially in the developed world do not realize that sustainability of life in the future is at stake if measures to conserve water are not implemented.
This is because through out their lives, these people have had readily available fresh water (Cheng, 2010). Their taps and showers never run out of water, the water closets always flush and even when they need ice, the refrigerator has more than enough. The only people who realize that water is scarce are those from arid and semiarid regions where getting a cup of clean drinking water counts as one of their greatest challenge.
In the developing countries of Africa and the Middle East, women from some places walk for six kilometers a day just to fetch water. Even in their cities, water crisis is not a new thing. This has not been felt in the developed countries because of the well-established infrastructure, which is absent in the developing countries. Due to this, the issue of water scarcity is assumed to only affect the developing countries.
However, this is not the case and Live Earth CEO has warned that in 20-25 years time, there will be a disaster in developed countries (Mueller, 2010). There is therefore a dire need to protect and conserve water in our daily domestic and industrial activities.
Water scarcity Water is a unique compound. It exists naturally in three physical states namely: solid, liquid and gas unlike many other compounds.It is vital for sustenance of life; it transports nutrients and oxygen to cells, normalizes body temperature, regulates Earth’s temperature, removes wastes, protects tissue, and many other functions (“importance of water,” n.d.).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Without water, standard animals would only survive for a few days.At an industrial level, all manufacturing and processing companies require water somewhere along their production lines.Water is therefore important not only for existence of life, but also for economic activities.It needs to be protected and conserved.
In order to show effectively the importance of conserving water, it is imperative to show the logical reasons for doing so. Since it is a known fact that 80% of the earth’s surface is covered by water, someone may ask how then water can be scarce. To answer this question, water is scarce because only less than 1% of this surface water is fresh water (“The water cycle,” n.d.).
Almost all of our daily needs such as drinking, cooking, irrigation, manufacturing and many others require this fresh water. Apart from the surface water, there is the ground water. This water is also available for use but over the years, the water table has been decreasing day by day. Boreholes dry up and deeper ones need to be drilled.
Another problem with availability of water is water pollution. Although Earth’s processes recycle water, its pollution makes it unavailable for future use. Factory discharges, pesticides and herbicides, sewage waste, detergents and all other chemicals that we use on the surface affects the natural water sources. Pollution is therefore acting as one of the major reasons of scarcity in portable water. Measures to protect and conserve water can be applied at domestic and industrial level.
Industrial Water Protection and Conservation Industries should also strive to conserve water. To do this, they need a water management plan (WMP) which is effective. For the water management plan to be effective, it must incorporate both systems and technical approaches (Mohan, 2007). This is because incorporating both systems and technical approaches ensures that water management is sustainable.
That is, the plan will effectively manage the water usage at the current state of the company as well as in the future. The change in management priorities or departure of a champion for the plan does not jeopardize the WMP. Therefore, an effective WMP ensures continued improvement in water conservation. All companies that are planning to conserve water must have an effective WMP.
Traditional water management systems only incorporated the technical approach and sustainability was a problem. Mohan (2007) describes the characteristics of a good WMP to be leadership, accountability, efficient water usage, minimized pollution, addressing behavioral changes in water usage, driving development of data collection and reporting of water usage, specifying the benefits and costs of the system to the company and driving changes in how the company interacts with suppliers.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Saving Water and Methods of Its Protection specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More By ensuring that the water management plan of the company meets these characteristics, sustainable water management by the company is achieved. The company also achieves other benefits. It saves costs, aligns water conservation with corporate strategy, good public relation and citation for obtaining subsidies among others. The plan also has the overall effect of minimizing water shortage.
Domestic Water Protection and Conservation Measures At home, every individual can contribute at protecting and conserving water. If everybody is made aware of the importance of conserving water, the world’s population may safeguard its future and that of the future generations.
One of the areas in which people can save water is through minimizing the quantity of water spent every day. People use water without caring if there will be more tomorrow. They just know that if there is no water, they will complain to the city council and the problem will be solved. This is especially the case if the families can afford the clear the water bills.
People misuse the water because they can pay for it. They spend too much time in the shower, leave the taps running unnecessarily and excessively water their lawns. These are just a few examples of some of the ways people use excessive water in circumstances that would require less water. By making people aware of the effect their activities have on water availability, some wasted water will be conserved.
Apart from conserving water, individuals may also protect water sources from pollution. Use of environmental friendly detergents and other household chemicals will have a positive impact on minimizing the level of water pollution. By minimizing water pollution, the costs involved in treatment and purification of water will be used to implement other infrastructure in water management.
Forced Water Conservation Leaving the option of conserving water to individual citizens may not be very effective since some of them may not care much. The authorities involved in provision of water should put in place measures that force the consumers to conserve water. In Los Angeles, the city’s department of water and power has implemented several restrictive measures to cub water wastage.
Lawn sprinklers in the region are not permitted between 9.00am and 4.00pm (Welch, 2009). This ensures minimum water loss through evaporation. In addition to this, the sprinklers are only permitted twice a week a week (Welch, 2009). The result of these restrictions is that water consumption by single-family homes decreased by over 23 percent.
To be able to observe these restrictions, Los Angeles residents had to change the type of vegetation they planted on their compounds. They replaced grass that requires a lot of water with low water native plants like rosemary and synthetic grass. These measures by the city council were effective in controlling wastage of water.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Saving Water and Methods of Its Protection by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is worth noting that the city council determined the most water wasting activities performed by residents of Los Angeles and restricted them. This can also be done in other cities. If residents of Los Angeles, which receives very little rainfall in a year, can save water, residents of other places can save water too
Discussion and Conclusion Ensuring water conservation is a challenging task. It has many challenges especially since it mainly depends on people’s perception and willingness to change. To change people’s perception and habits, intensive awareness campaigns are needed and this requires a lot of investment.
With few bodies ready to support such campaigns, it is still not possible to reach every individual and change their water usage habits. At the industrial level, investment is also needed to implement WMPs. Most corporate organizations are not willing to make the step especially those focused on only maximizing their profits. These limitations therefore call for forced water conservation by authorities, which is not sometimes possible due to lack of such laws in many places.
Water is vital for existence of life. It is also important for economic activities carried out by man. The amount of water available on Earth is not enough to meet all its requirements. Further more, with the current excessive waste of fresh water and pollution, the life of future generations is at stake. If protection and conservation of water is not done, there will be a disaster in the coming few decades. The conservation measures are needed at both domestic and industrial levels.
At the domestic level, awareness is needed since most people in developed countries do not realize the importance of conserving water. Forced water conservation is even needed in some cases. At an industrial level, all companies should develop and implement an effective water management plan (WMP) that ensures sustainable water management. A good WMP has far-reaching benefits for the company as well as the society. (1640 words).
Reference List Cheng, M. (2010). Teen Ink. Be hydro-smart. 21(6), 25-25.
“Importance of water.” (N.d.). Water is our lifeline that bathes us and feeds us. Fremont watersheds. Web.
Mohan, S. (2007). Practical Approach to Water Conservation for Commercial and Industrial Facilities. Amsterdam: Boston Elsevier.
Mueller, E. (2010, April). Going the Distance-An Interview with Live Earth CEO Kevin Wall.
The water cycle.” (N.d.). Ecosystems. Thinkquest. Web.
Welch, W.M. (2009, December 13). L.A. mows down water usage. USA Today. Retrieved from https://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-12-22-LA-water_N.htm
The Cinderella Story Explicatory Essay argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Summary of the story
Settings of the story
Summary of the story The Cinderella story is a children story about a girl whose mother died and her father remarried a proud and ill-tempered woman. The woman had two daughters of the girl’s age who were as ill-tempered as their mother.
After remarrying her father, her stepmother always gave the girl hard chores but she never complained. On finishing her chores, she would warm herself in one of the corners of the chimney and thus her sisters called her Cinderella. Then the two sisters got invited to a ball at the palace in honor of the Prince. They left her behind.
As she wept for being left behind, her godmother came and magically showed her how to go to the palace. She also dressed Cinderella magnificently. After reaching the palace, the prince invited her to the next ball in which Cinderella lost her glass slipper. The prince vowed to marry the girl who could wear the slipper and it emerged that Cinderella was the only one. She was thus married by the Prince (“Cinderella”, n.d., p. 1”).
Characters The characters in this story include, the main character, Cinderella whose mother dies and she is left with her father. Cinderella is depicted as a good girl. The next character is Cinderella’s step mother; depicted as ill-tempered. She has two daughters who are shown as proud and as ill-tempered as their mother.
There is also Cinderella’s godmother who is shown as a good woman, others include: Lord High Chamberlain, heralds, six mice, a rat and six lizards. The mice, rat and lizards were used magically by Cinderella’s godmother to escort Cinderella to the palace (“Cinderella”, n.d., p. 1”).
Theme The theme of the story is the importance of human values. Cinderella is very good to her stepmother even after mistreatment. She is also good to her stepsisters even when they despise her. Her goodness pays off when, in the end, she is the only one who can marry the Prince. She is adored for that and her stepsisters apologize to her. The stepsisters would like to marry the Prince but they miss the chance. This story, therefore, highlights the importance of good temperament and human values (“Cinderella”, n.d., p. 1”).
Plot The story begins with the birth of Cinderella which is followed by the death of her mother. Then her father remarries an ill-tempered woman with two daughters of Cinderella’s age with the same disposition. Cinderella is given hard chores but she does not complain.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More She is left behind as the two girls answer an invitation to a ball in the palace. As she weeps for being left, her godmother comes and magically shows her how to go to the palace. She goes and gets noticed by the prince who invites her to another ball and eventually marries her (“Cinderella”, n.d., p. 1”).
Settings of the story The setting of the story is the capital city of a large kingdom and its environs. The introductory part of the story is set in Cinderella’s home. That is, during her birth, during the death of her mother, during the remarrying of her father and as she is overworked and looked down upon by her sisters.
Her godmother visits her in her home. The other setting is the palace. Here Cinderella goes to a ball uninvited but she gets invited for another ball by the Prince. The prince eventually marries her (“Cinderella”, n.d., p. 1”).
Reference List Children Stories. “Cinderella.” Web.
The Exhibit Twilight Visions at the International Center of Photography Essay essay help: essay help
The medium of photography in the post World War I period was almost too deliciously convenient a vehicle for certain proponents of the Dadaists and the Surrealists. Cameras had been, since their invention, been shrinking to a manageable and portable size. The newly graspable medium offered these iconoclastic visionaries a range of possibilities for creating art that were available in no other way.
Through photography, the Dadaists could freely exercise the randomness, transgressiveness, immediacy, and populist tendencies they espoused. The Surrealists could snatch from around them scenes of impossibility and disturbing wonder, while showing bodies and settings with stark reality. Is it any wonder, then, that photography, Paris, Surrealism, and Dadaism are terms which go together?
The ability of photography to capture scenes of the moment allowed for an uncompromising observation of the world as it was, with all its warts, and was thus very appealing to a group which gloried in calling a spade a spade. After all, in the words of Tristan Tzara,“beauty is dead” (Tzara 249).
Photography could catch the unwary subject in the midst of petty deception and hypocrisy. A photographer could make art from the flotsam and jetsam of the streets, whether human or object. A photograph was almost like performance art, involving the subject and the artist in an ephemeral, spontaneous, one-time-only event, very much in line with Tzara’s thinking (Tzara 253).
Additionally, photography avoided entirely the hated tyranny of the art academy (Tzara 250). Further, the cumbersome process of using models, undergoing days or weeks of sittings, was avoidable when using photography. Rather than requiring a studio and years of training in drafting and painting, photography could be undertaken with only a modest closet for atelier. Additionally, in that less litigious age did not even require the consent of the subject to create a portrait.
Furthermore, by placing the relatively inexpensive means of production of art in the hands of almost everyone, photography was enormously egalitarian and could theoretically be adopted by the masses for their own artistic expression, which was a goal of Dadaism (Darwent). What a perfect fit with the philosophy of the Dadaists!
At the same time, photography had the enormous advantage that pictures could be modified from their recording of strict reality. They could, for example, be altered by changing lenses or using mirrors, as in Distortions (1933-1934) by Andre Kertesz, a Hungarian born expatriate who made Paris his home (Andre Kertesz). Photographs may also be modified chemically during processing, by changing the exposure or by retouching, to create entirely fantastic and appealingly dreamlike effects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Entirely surreal images could be produced out of a darkroom, even at the hands of a person who had no drafting or painting skills . Such dreamlike effects were much valued by the Surrealists. Andre Breton wonders in his Surrealist Manifesto whether dreams are not equal in significance to waking life (Breton 434-437). He also has great respect for madness, and for hallucinations. In fact he regards hallucinations as pleasant enough to seduce the madman to remain in that condition (Breton 433).
All these states of being can distort perception in the same way that a distorted photograph modifies reality. How appealing it must have been to know that one could print on paper the contents of one’s dreams, as Breton could readily have accomplished with his simple but striking personal dream image of a man being cut in two by a window (Breton 436-437).
The exhibit Twilight Visions at the International Center of Photography shows a range of photos from the practitioners of this medium in the 1920’s and 30’s. One notable example, Brassai, the nom de shutter of Hungarian born Gyula Halasz, specialized in images of a very anti-establishment cast of “prostitutes, pimps, madams, transvestites, apaches, and assorted cold-eyed pleasure seekers” (Brassai).
Brassai’s photo of the Angry Couple at the Bal Musette (1932), suspends the quarreling and not terribly elegant couple in suspended animation between moments of blame and insult. The unsparing picture certainly exemplifies the Dadaist view of Tristan Tzara in his Dada Manifesto, 1918; demonstrating “no pity” (Tzara).
This depressing but basically realistic photo contrasts nicely with another Brassai, Bal Musette (1932) that combines the low-life grittiness of two bored prostitutes (or at least ladies of easy virtue) hugging a cheerful young man, with the hallucinatory surprise of finding in the mirror the image of a much older man and his companions.
It is almost as if the viewer were seeing the young man’s dissolute future. Another piece, Girl Playing Snooker (1933), possesses all the dignity of an odalisque or any portrait of John Singer Sargent, but was of course snapped in a dark bistro of an undoubted prostitute. Brassai’s gaze, like that of the young woman in the photo, is “straightforward as a hammer” (Brassai). This portrait of a nameless pool hustler delivers a Dadaist poke in the eye of traditional formal portraiture.
The can-can dancers move blurrily in Ilse Bing’s picture, French Cancan Dancers, Moulin Rouge, Paris (1931). Bing was unusual among this group of photographers, In that she had actually had some art and design-related training (Ilse Bing Biography).
We will write a custom Essay on The Exhibit Twilight Visions at the International Center of Photography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In spite of the blurring of this photo, it is a vivid image, and it is interesting to compare this with the many images of the demi-monde of the dance hall from the Impressionists. No color is in the photo, of course, and we are able to see the faces full on, unlike many backstage views by the previous generation of artists.
How odd it is to confirm that the Impressionists actually were accurate in portraying the cancan performers as entirely composed, disinterested and almost expressionless. The word jaded might have been invented for these faces. Perhaps, as Breton suggests, for these women, “existence is elsewhere” (Breton 439).
Breton would probably have encouraged these dancers to absent themselves as much as they could from the real world, since he affirmed that Surrealism was such a potent way of dealing with daily problems (Breton).
Dadaism and Surrealism embraced photography with enthusiasm, and created some remarkable works in the medium. They recorded the realities of street life and the underclass, and their dreams and nightmares as well. They used all the unique features of the medium to look at grit and turn it into fantasy.
Bibliography “Andre Kertesz“, 2010. Explore Photography. Web.
Brassai, 2010. Web.
Breton, Andre. “The First Manifesto of Surrealism.” Art in Theory: 1900-1999: An Anthology of Changing Ideas. Ed. Charles, and Woodll, Paiul Harrison. Oxford: Blackwell, 432-439.
Darwent, Charles. Well-chosen works show how De Stijl – ‘The Style’ – movement led to a revolution in European art that still resonates today: Van Doesburg
Easter Island’s End Explicatory Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The writer discloses the actions taken by the Easter Island people a couple of centuries ago. The details indicate destruction of forests, vegetation and animals through the chaotic and cannibalism behaviours.
According to Diamond (1995), the end of Easter Island is visible from the abandoned buildings and the mystery of isolation evident from the lack of vegetation and the gigantic stone statues and skyscrapers that seems to outgrow everything else such as the temples at Angkor. The writer indicates the story of Easter Island is not only a historical tale but also an imperative warning to current civilization.
As indicated in the writing by Diamond (1995), the view of the Island is a land without habitual vegetation such as trees lacks animal life and particularly comprises of a low populace of approximately 2000 people. The stone structures that appears gigantic on stone platforms shows devastation from which the writer proposes an inhibition by Polynesians.
On the analysis of the natural resources, the writer shows the richness that existed before the reforestation stopped. Deforestation is the cause of death of animal life and the devastating effects eventually destroys the crops. The deforestation was as a result for the need to erect strong stone statues in competition over power among the local clans. The fight for power was probably one of the causes of the land’s demise.
The writer indicates and emphasizes on the aspect of brutal misuse/abuse of nature as the root cause of the destruction. The leaders or those who were in authority never had the will and ability to prevent the destruction. The final indication of the writer is that, the historical destruction of the Island is a prospect for the future of the whole world.
From a personal point of view, the author’s initial argument regarding destruction of nature that causes devastation is very logical and authentic. From the beginning, the writer tries to raise the subject relating to the importance of civilization. However, from a defensive point of view, some indications of the theory such as the approximation of the population and the prediction over probability to have enough basis resources seem hypothetical.
It is not easy to judge the economical life of Easter Island population as well as the effects on the natural resources by considering a single aspect. The evidence may lack sufficient basis over the economical life. Economic status is the main influence over other human activities such as political eminences, people’s attitudes and social existence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The damages on Easter Island were catastrophic but the writer only focuses on the human negative activities. Various factors would have catalyzed people to obliterate the forests or other ecologically related aspects to cause the destruction. Natural catastrophes can equally damage a country’s civilization.
Even if people destroyed the Island as the writer claims, there is a high probability that they never realized the consequences because their low level of development, considering the time possibly influenced the activities as opposed to their conscious mind.
The social-political or economical system in existence then is not accurate or definite; therefore, they might have reacted as part of nature. Does it mean that implications over existence of dry land or desert where it used to be a sea or a tropical forest always befall the people who live nearby? It is not possible to predict the future or analyze the past base on one important economical factor.
There is a wide difference in the level of development; therefore, the prediction of a similar future regarding the fall of civilization is not eminent or logical.
There is a close connection of countries today and thus the characteristic or growth of civilization. Advancement in technology can allow destruction of the world in a couple of days but civilization does not permit. People need to learn from the history of such civilization as the writer specifies but the probability of the fall is almost zero.
References Diamond, J. (1995) Easter Island’s End. Discover Magazine. Retrieved from Http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/24/042.html
An Inchoate Crime Compare and Contrast Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Elements under common law
Elements under current Wisconsin statute
Comparison of elements
Reasons for changes in elements
Suggestions for new changes
Introduction An inchoate crime is defined as the incomplete, incipient, anticipatory or preliminary act, which implies that a person was inclined to commit a crime but never got to the “complete” completion of committing the crime (Chapter 939, 2009).
Inchoate crimes were traditionally considered misdemeanors (Incomplete [inchoate] crimes, 2007). However, as drug crime, white-collar crimes and organized crimes became more prevalent over the years and the need to empower the justice system to handle the crime, the inchoate crimes assumed a new recognition as felonies (Chapter 939, 2009).
The Doctrine of Merger stipulates the rules that are to be followed by the law enforcement officer and prosecutors when handling inchoate crimes. For starters, a person can only be charged with either the inchoate crime or Choate crime, but not both. Secondly, inchoate crimes ideally attract lesser penalties than Choate crimes.
Third, the inchoate crimes should have a clear intent and the mens rea (intent) element of the same should be clearly spelled out (Inchoate Crimes. n.d.). The courts require that intent be distinguished from criminal negligence and recklessness. The final rule is that the inchoate crime must have a lacking substantial step in order to complete the crime (chapter 939, 2009).
Elements under common law Initially, the common Law recognized three categories of inchoate crimes: 1) attempted crimes; 2) conspiracy crimes; and 3) solicitation crimes. Over the years however, the Common Law has accepted the unlawful possession of stolen good, or things that may pose a threat to public safety (e.g. gun arsenal
Bartleby the Scrivener Explicatory Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Why Read the Story
Introduction Materialism has taken precedence over humanity in contemporary society. Melville had foreseen this fact when he wrote Bartleby the Scrivener. This is a masterpiece expounding how materialism can derail humanity and men turn into selfish brutes that care less about fellow men. Bartleby the Scrivener revolves around a “scrivener”, working for a lawyer who doubles as the narrator.
After the lawyer places an advert in the local newspaper, Bartleby applies for the position of a copyist and the lawyer hires him. The first few days in job are great for Bartleby, given his swiftness and accuracy in writing. However, as the story unfolds, things change as Bartley starts to shun his duties for no good reason.
The Lawyer tries to fire him but he cannot hear anything of that sort. Finally, Bartley ends in prison on charges of vagrancy and dies few days later. This story is important for it highlights how philistinism and consumerism rose in American society and its effects on charity and humanity.
Analysis As aforementioned, the Lawyer, who runs a law firm on Wall Street, is the narrator. He apparently has two copyists, Turkey and Nippers but they do not astound him as Bartleby does.
Turkey is the Lawyer’s age mate (over sixty years) and even though he is a prudent copyist, as afternoons approach he wears out quickly and makes silly mistakes in typing. On the other side, Nippers, a twenty-five year old energetic lad, is the precise opposite of Turkey. He has issues in the morning sessions but as afternoons approach, he concentrates more in his work giving better results.
However, this story concentrates on Bartleby, a newly employed copyist. His enormous output in the job delights the Lawyer for he works day and night without complaining. However, Bartleby’s vibrancy lasts for a few days after which he starts to refuse doing his job. After the Lawyer consults him to do some work, he says, “I would prefer not to” (Melville 5).
The Lawyer does not realize this stance would later turn to a mantra until Bartleby uses it often and sticks to it. Bartleby, courteously but firmly refuses to do his routine job; something that puzzles the Lawyer, who calls it “passive resistance.” The Lawyer seeks to find out why Bartleby does not want to do his job; however, he gets the same reply of ‘…not to’.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bartleby’s behavior puzzles the Lawyer forcing him to ask other copyists what they think about Bartleby. They confirm that his actions are strange and unreasonable. After a final try to get Bartleby do his job, the Lawyer rushes out to attend some business but he vows to investigate the issue.
After scrutinizing for a few days, the Lawyer realizes that Bartleby does not leave the office or take lunch or tea; he only takes snacks that Nuts, the errand boy brings him. The lawyer rues that, “nothing so aggravates an earnest person as a passive resistance” (Melville 12).
Nevertheless, he starts pitying Bartleby for he concludes that whatever he does, he does it involuntarily. The lawyer resolves that he will “cheaply purchase a delicious self-approval” (Melville 21), by keeping Bartleby as his workers for he thinks if he lets him go, he would be mistreated by other employers; therefore, to the Lawyer, he is doing charity to Bartleby. Nevertheless, Bartleby does not care and he refuses to do any work even collecting some letters from the post office.
As the story unfolds, the Lawyer passes by his office on one Sunday morning only to find Bartleby inside, wearing shirtsleeves. Bartley asks the Lawyer to come back after few minutes but when he returns, he finds Bartleby gone; however, he can clearly tell that Bartleby lives in the office.
The Lawyer pities Bartleby more and even though he tries to gather information about his life, Bartleby does not divulge anything significant. After couple of days, Bartleby tells the Lawyer that he will never write; something that makes the Lawyer suspect Bartleby has lost his sight.
However, to the Lawyer’s disappointment, Bartleby insists that even if he regains his vision, he would not write. Consequently, the Lawyer asks Bartleby to leave the office but he quietly refuses. Regardless, of this, the Lawyer thinks that by letting Bartleby live in the office, he would be practicing some good Christian habits.
However, after few days, Bartleby’s presence draws attention of some friends and customers and the Lawyer decides to move his business to another apartment to save it. Few days, the new tenant of the Lawyer’s previous apartment visits the Lawyer and asks him to deal with Bartleby. The Lawyer states clearly that Bartleby is no longer his worker so he has nothing to do with him.
We will write a custom Essay on Bartleby the Scrivener specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Few days later, the new tenant comes back to the Lawyer and pleads with him to talk with Bartleby and the Lawyer agrees. To his disappointment, he finds that Bartleby is stubborn as ever and even after the Lawyer invites him to come live in his house, Bartleby refuses. The Lawyer simply leaves for he cannot do anything more and this leads to Bartleby arrest on charges of vagrancy.
The Lawyer pays Bartleby a visit in jail but he does not even want to see him so Bartleby refuses to talk to him. Even after the Lawyer arranges with prison warders to feed Bartleby well, he declines to eat. As the story closes, the Lawyer finds Bartleby dead under a tree shade in the prison compound. The story ends by revealing that Bartleby previously worked in the offices of the Dead Letter but new administrators fired him. The Lawyer cannot help thinking whether copyist job was so depressing to make someone mad just like Bartleby.
Why Read the Story The worthiness of this story comes from its two major themes, materialism, and charity. Given the time that Melville wrote this story, it highlights how materialism was on the rise around this time. The strategic setting of the story in The Wall Street echoes this theme because; The Wall Street was popularly becoming a hub for financial gains.
Melville uses Bartleby’s passive resistance to carry out his duties symbolically. It symbolizes the passive resistance that people had towards economic control. Therefore, this story is important for it underpins how Americans rose to materialism that is so prevalent in contemporary America.
On the other side, this story tackles charity work, giving insight of how philistinism and consumerism corrupted it. The Lawyer has a new definition for charity as he defines it with respect to cost and returns. He says, “Poor fellow! Thought I, he means no mischief; it is plain he intends no insolence I can get along with him. If I turn him away he will fall in with some less indulgent employer, and then he will be rudely treated here I can cheaply purchase a delicious self-approval.
To befriend Bartleby will cost me little or nothing, while I lay up in my soul what will eventually prove a sweet morsel for my conscience” (Melville 32). The Lawyers thoughts are clear in this context. Even though he sympathizes with Bartleby, he sees an opportunity to use him for he is useful. He cannot believe another employer ‘using’ Bartleby.
In pretext of helping Bartleby, by practicing good Christian habits, he only leverages self-approval by “cheaply purchasing delicious self-approval for his conscience” (Melville 21). He approves his conscience by pretending to keep Bartleby as a worker.
If anything, he frequently asks Bartleby to do some writing which will largely benefit him. The Lawyer’s ‘charity’ actions come under question when he decides to move his business because Bartleby is affecting it. This is not charity work at all.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Bartleby the Scrivener by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is true that the Lawyer offers to take Bartleby into his house but this is an act of justifying his conscience. Materialism overrides charity in this context; the fact that the Lawyer decides to leave Bartleby, shows that money is important to him than ‘charity.’ Melville highlights how materialism drowned good principles like charity work.
People’s consciences tell them that they need to uphold humanity; regrettably, the quest to get more money overrides this natural call of conscience. Therefore, this story is informative and this qualifies its worthiness.
Conclusion Melville, through his story, Bartleby the Scrivener, highlights crucial issues that are important for anyone to know. Through Bartleby’s quite resistance to carry out his duties, the reader can get a picture of how rise of materialism gave people impetus and zeal to resist economic regulation. On the other side, the Lawyer tries to justify his conscience by offering ‘half-baked’ charity actions. He does not want to let Bartleby leave; he offers to keep him and pretend he is charitable to purchase a sweet conscience.
Materialism has taken the better part of people’s lives and they do not care what is happening to others. Naturally, human beings have ‘humanity’ conscience that compels them to help others. However, they do not have time for that; therefore, they resort to shoddy charity actions like the Lawyer, to ‘purchase’ their peace of mind.
Works Cited Melville, Herman. “Bartleby the Scrivener; A Story of Wall Street.” Plain Label Books, 1977.
How Oligopoly Works in the American Cellular Industry Term Paper writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Collusion in oligopoly
Competitiveness of oligopoly
War of prices
Barriers to entry
Interdependence of firms
Conclusion and predictions
Introduction Oligopoly refers to a market that is largely dominated by a small number of suppliers of a given commodity (Vives, 2001). In essence this type of market is a type of a monopoly. By the mere fact that the suppliers are very few, actions of one of the suppliers in the market are largely expected to affect the actions of other suppliers.
This also goes hand in hand with the decisions that are taken by the firms in the industry. A concept that is largely embraced by the four major mobile phone providers in the US is strategic planning. The possible responses that T-Mobile and Nextel will take most likely affect the strategic plans that Verizon and AT