Table of Contents Introduction
Role of politics from the macro social perspective
Introduction Social processes are synonymous to the way of life of the American people; this means that political structures affect it as well. There is a need to look at the extent to which politics is intertwined with social microstructures (religion, work and education) because this will demonstrate its relevance.
Furthermore, there is a need to establish the various manifestations of these interrelationships so as to understand how American social processes work. Through an examination of these two areas, it will be possible to establish a pattern of how American society operates thus demystifying this society.
Role of politics from the macro social perspective Geertz (1996) explains that religion can be regarded as a collection of symbols which create pervasive and powerful motivations. Those symbols eventually contribute to existent orders. Therefore, religion may be critical in determining how people’s lives are lived. Alternatively, others may think of religion in a negative way. The question to ask is where does America lie and how does the interaction between politics and religion play out in this society?
Fields et al (1) affirm that there is a distinct relationship between politics and religion in the US. Through a 1996 survey, these researchers confirmed that relationship. They asserted that religious conservatism was associated with political conservatism. Most of the time, this was reflected by the political party affiliations and ideologies of voters.
Generally speaking, religious elements are prevalent in the nations’ political structure. For instance American presidents have been Christians all along and this is considered an important quality in most presidential or civic candidates. Even several speeches and campaign pledges often contain references to God. Therefore, to a certain extent, one can say that Americans hold religion in high esteem when making political decisions.
These manifestations are not always straight forward and one can argue that there is a complex interrelation between politics and religion. Democrats are often seen as liberals while republicans are thought to be conservative politically. However, in a state like California, gay marriage is considered legal. This state is headed by a republican who is supposed to be conservative. It is therefore easy to see that people in the US are religious but their status may not affect policy outcomes. America is religious and at the same time secular and is therefore a paradoxical society.
In political governance, religion may not really count. Here, Americans prefer less religious ideas because this may contradict their cultural ideals (such as the American dream). The latter concept can best be upheld using secular ideas. Indeed because democracy is largely seen as a secular concept then conservative religious laws would not fit in with this political model.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As contrasted to Islamic States like Saudi Arabia which rely on religious values as foundations for their politics, the US values democracy, freedom of speech and other human rights above anything else. This often contrasts with religious values which are based on absolutes. Therefore Americans do not solely rely on religion to determine political direction, policies and governance procedures.
On the other hand, religion’s application as a source of morality cannot be undermined because people still live their lives in accordance with these principles. Religious values and religious groups contributed to many political movements in the US’s past such as female suffrage, civil rights, welfare legislation and antiwar endorsements.
Currently, religion rarely contributes directly to the governance of society; however it is through religion that Americans get to express the freedoms that political structures often seek. Furthermore, religion is the major platform for building upon these freedoms and imprinting those ideas in people’s minds.
Education as a macrostructure also has immense influence on politics in the United States. Education reform is often necessitated by political structures.
Consequently, leaders who are interested in running for office must demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the education sector and must know some of the problems in it. Since education reform often involves heavy financial investment then this often takes a toll on federal budgets and it forms a crucial part of political participation. This role is often the first one that people can see when analyzing education.
Nonetheless, there is an even deeper relevance of education in politics; it is a platform for implementation of other governance policies. One such policy is property tax. Schools, district administrators and the like have staged opposition to property tax increments in the past thus demonstrating to members of the political arena that their policy on this matter is unworkable (OECD, 25). Political stakeholders had to respond to those objections because educational stakeholders were an important part of civil society.
The relevance and implementation of worker’s unions has been a crucial part of the education sector’s role in execution of governance policies. Spread of unionism amongst teachers illustrated that the same was likely to occur in other sectors of the economy and that political stakeholders needed to be aware of this or to inculcate it in their political agendas.
We will write a custom Essay on Role of politics in American society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most importantly, though, education has always been crucial in unraveling pressing civil rights issues prevalent in American society. For example, certain reports revealed that family background plays an important role in determining performance by students in various levels of schooling.
This illustrated some of the failures of past political and civil rights achievements such as desegregation. The education sector is therefore a reflection of the inequalities rife in American society. This is a good barometer for political stakeholders who often use findings from education to spearhead changes in other areas of civil society.
Further still, education can play an important role in political election. It has been shown that if this area performs poorly then political leaders must have campaign related strategies designed at making the education sector more productive. A case in point was the Ronald Reagan bid for reelection in 1984.
At that point, educational reform was front page news and the public wanted to know what politicians intended on doing in order to deal with the grave problems of school reform. These groups had to act accordingly and they needed to express that they were going to spearhead critical changes in this sector.
Lastly, education plays an important role of preparing younger members of society to take on new challenges in the nation. In essence this translates into frequent alterations of education systems to reflect new workforce demands. The education sector’s relation to other parts of society testifies to the fact that political leaders need to be aware of changes taking place in the workforce and hence think of ways of tying this in with the education sector which can be better able to prepare members for future roles in their respective lives (OECD, 40).
Work is perhaps one of the most crucial areas affecting politics in America. Any problem detected in work or employment often immediately translates to poor political governance. This is because it is assumed that obsolete or poor governance policies are what are causing work related problems.
When Americans find it difficult to get work or if work opportunities start diminishing then this is often manifested as unemployment. Low employment also means low purchasing power, less investment and eventually a poorly performing economy. This is always one of the key areas for assessing the extent to which political leaders are performing.
The problem with the Bush era in Washington was often associated with the economic recession that had commenced in 2007. Recent objections to the Obama rule are also tied to the fact that unemployment is still rife and that deliveries on campaign pledges on economic performance have not yet been delivered. This shows that political entities must always relate work microstructures to their performances in office.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Role of politics in American society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Skills gap at the workplace are often a cause for concern among politicians because this means fewer work opportunities are available. In such circumstances, employees are easy targets for job losses (Chen, 45). Essentially, what this means is that some governance changes need to be instated in order to make work related conditions more feasible. Here, politics comes in again in order to make the situation better.
Less work also means less infrastructure and even fewer opportunities for manufacture. Political stakeholders often respond to these challenges by making a range of policy changes. Some of them may include tax increments or tax cuts. This is done because it has an effect on investment decisions and hence job opportunities. People often react to tax changes quite aggressively as seen by frequent criticisms of Obama’s reforms.
Conclusion Politics has a crucial role to play in American society as seen through effects in the three macro social structures. Politics can make the difference between the success or failure of a certain governance policy because the microstructures will depict failure if this has occurred. Politics and political structures also affect civil rights issues which have not been addressed.
These are normally made visible by inefficiencies and problems in microstructures like education. Therefore, it is through political agendas and governance that social structures can be changed thus demonstrating the significance of politics.
References Geertz, Clifford. Religions as a cultural system. London: Tavistock, 1966
OECD. Lessons learned: how good policies produce better schools, PISA report, 2009
Chen, Anthony. Jobs, politics and civil rights in the US. Princeton; Princeton university press, 2009
Fields, Graham., Shevda, Tracy
Analysis of the Transferable Skills in Education Expository Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Importance of Transferable Skills to Employers
Introduction The purpose of this essay is to analyse the transferable skills that a student gains from their college experience and how these skills are important for their future employment. The essay will analyse two transferable skills that a student gains from their university or college education.
One of the most important purposes and outcomes of a student’s college experience is the acquisition of skills and knowledge. It has long been recognised that the role of higher education is not to simply equip students with knowledge but to provide them with skills that will be used in contributing to the global economy. These skills are also necessary in developing the holistic nature of the student which will allow them to advance their careers professionally.
The current job market and the recent global recession have created a competitive situation in the labour market where the people with most skills, knowledge and job experience are more competitive than their counterparts.
Having skills that are needed by an employer ensures that people looking for work in a particular company have a higher chance of being hired. Recent trends in the graduate employment industry around the world have shown that the traditional positions reserved for graduates in organizations have continued to become fewer and fewer over time.
Graduate employees are now expected to perform their work effectively and efficiently as soon as they enter into their work positions. This requires them to utilise the skills gained while they were pursuing their higher education. It therefore becomes important for them to acquire important transferable skills that will be necessary once they begin working in the corporate world (University of Exeter 2010).
Transferable Skills Two types of skills that have been identified to be essential for employers when hiring new graduates into their companies include the content skills and the transferable skills. Content skills which are also referred to as cognitive or intellectual skills are the skills that a person acquires while they gain academic mastery of their field of education.
Content skills include computer or IT literacy, reading and writing skills, and foreign language skills. IT literacy or computer skills have now gained a lot of importance and are considered as core skills by most employers who are looking to hire new graduates into their companies (Gardner et al 2007).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Content skills that are related to a person’s field of academic experience include the type of information the person has on the academic field, the rules and principles of the field of education and how the educational information can be applied to the professional context. Certain employers expect new recruits to have extensive knowledge on their academic field of study before they are hired.
This applies to fields such as accounting, finance or marketing. Other employers might require content skills based on the fundamental aspects of the academic field of study (Gardner et al 2007).
Transferable skills are defined as the skills and abilities that a person acquires during any activity they perform in their life. These skills are developed in one state so that they can be transferred for use in another situation.
Examples of transferable skills include communication skills, problem solving skills, presentation skills, self- management skills, leadership skills, skills for negotiation, language, computer literacy, interpersonal skills, and multi tasking capabilities (Foster 1998). The two transferable skills that will be focused on in the essay will be communication skills which encompass oral and written communication and leadership skills.
Communication skills require an individual to demonstrate a solid understanding of oral, listening, reading and writing capabilities. Communication skills require a person to have presentation skills which involve having the ability to orally justify and persuade people as well as to respond intellectually to questions, criticisms that might arise during the presentation. Communication is viewed to be an important transferable skill as it provides the basic means for relaying one’s opinions, ideas and thoughts to other people.
Employers expect their employees to be able to communicate properly both in the oral and written context. Employers normally use the following criteria to assess the communication skills of potential employees; whether they can speak and write effectively, whether they can understand the message that is being relayed, whether they can conduct oral and written presentations to communicate information to other co-workers (Foster 1998).
Leadership skills are the abilities that a person has to take control or manage the particular needs of an organization. Having leadership skills enables an individual to make effective decisions, manage other people to achieve or accomplish a certain range of tasks, encourage other people through motivation and take responsibility for certain tasks.
We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of the Transferable Skills in Education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Leadership skills are meant to show willingness and an active interest in the individual when they perform certain tasks which enable them to progress to another level. Employers who look for graduate management trainees usually consider communication and leadership skills as important transferable skills for any graduates who wish to work in these positions (Gardner et al 2007).
Third level graduates acquire communication and leadership skills when they participate in class assignments, group assignments or oral presentations within the class context. Most university and college courses incorporate such approaches into their learning modules as a way of preparing students to be effective communicators (in written and oral) and leaders in both the class and work context.
Students who have good communication and leadership skills are most likely to be identified by employers as potential management material. Acquiring these skills while in school is seen as important given the ever changing and competitive labour market (Ingbretsen 2009).
Importance of Transferable Skills to Employers Transferable skills are valuable to many kinds of employers and to the various types of professions that exist in the business world. They ensure that potential employees have a sense of flexibility that allows them to plan for their careers as well as develop career progression activities.
Developing student’s skills through higher education involves fostering the development of transferable skills developed in one situation to be used in a different situation. Students gain transferable skills when they participate in volunteer work, when they study in a foreign country, when they become involved in student professional organizations while in college and when they pursue hobbies and interests that develop their interpersonal, communication and leadership skills (Gardner et al 2007).
According to the results of a study conducted to determine what transferable skills employers looked for in third level graduates, most employers stated they looked at the graduate’s personality and their enthusiasm for work in the company. Other employers looked at the work experience and academic records of the graduates before they decided on whether to hire them or not.
These were mostly employers who wanted to develop the graduates’ transferable skills once they were hired for the position. Other employers who were surveyed in the study showed that they choose transferable skills such as oral communication, team work and time management which they saw as important for employees to deal with multiple tasks (Curry et al 2003).
The study also surveyed employers who had recently recruited employees who were third level graduates. When asked if they were satisfied with the transferable skills that these graduates had, most of the employers showed that they were satisfied with the IT and numeric skills that recent graduates demonstrated in their work. The employers were also satisfied with the oral communication, team work and customer service skills that were demonstrated by these employees.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of the Transferable Skills in Education by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The skills that the employers were least satisfied with included time management, written communication such as reports and proposals, the ability to cope with multiple tasks, planning and presentation skills. The surveyed employers did not view foreign languages as an important transferable skill when it came to employing third level graduates into their companies (Curry et al 2003).
The principal methods that were used to determine and assess the transferable skills of the third level graduates during the selection and recruitment process included face to face interviews, resumes, aptitude tests, psychometric testing and reference checks. These showed that the techniques were the most commonly used recruitment methods by most companies included in the study.
The suggestions that the employers gave out that would be used by higher education institutions to improve the transferable skills of third level graduates were to conduct supervised work placements, the use of industry specific workshops, and case studies that would develop the transferable skills of the graduates. The employers also offered suggestions on the use of transferable skill courses in college education particularly in group work and class presentations (Curry et al 2003).
When recruiting graduates employers viewed transferable skills as the third highest priority in a group of nine performance factors. These skills were ranked higher than the graduate’s academic record and their work experience. The reason why academic records and work experience were ranked so low is that they were used as criteria for evaluating the graduate’s transferable skills. This means that the academic record and work experience were only considered important when they revealed the transferable skills of the students.
In other cases employers in some organizations hired graduates based on their work attitude instead of their transferable skills which they would later develop during the training and development stage. This particularly applied in cases where the graduate employees were book smart, meaning they had the necessary knowledge to perform the job but they lacked the transferable skills needed for the position (Curry et al 2003).
Conclusion The main message that has become evident from most employers in both the profit and non profit organizations is that they look for employees who can be able to perform the job effectively and efficiently. Employers look for people or graduate employees who are able to communicate properly as well as take up leadership positions in the course of performing their work.
It is therefore important for third level graduates to hone their communication and leadership skills as well as other transferable skills before they enter into the job market. This can only be accomplished if higher education institutions place more emphasis on career training and progression programs that will see the graduates developing the necessary transferable skills.
References Curry, P., Sherry, R., and Tunney, O., (2003) What transferable skills do employers look for in third-level graduates? Results of employer survey summary report. Web.
Foster, V., (1998) Developing your employment skills, Wales, UK: Trotman and Company Limited.
Gardner, J.N., Jewler, A.J., and Barefoot, B.O., (2007) Your college experience: strategies for success, Boston, US: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Ingbretsen, R., (2009) What employers really look for when hiring a college graduate. Web.
University of Exeter (2010) Transferable and key skills. Web.
Allegory of the cave Essay (Article) college essay help
Plot Summary Socrates starts by explaining a scenario to Glaucon. He tells Glaucon to picture prisoners in a cave, chained in a manner that movement is impossible. These prisoners have been in this position since childhood. Not only their limbs are immobile, but their heads are also in a fixed position such that the only thing they can see is the wall in front of them. Behind these prisoners is a large fire.
There is fire between the prisoners and the walkway. People pass by this walkway-carrying luggage and puppets of men and animals on their head. Using the shadows cast by the passersby, they take turns to guess the object that will pass.
They refer to the shadows using names of the real object. The passersby make some noise as they pass. The echo of the sounds made by the people walking along the walkway is what the prisoners hear. They do not know that the shadows are representations of real people. They also believe that the echo is sound coming from the shadows. This they believe to be so because it is what they have been seeing and hearing since their childhood.
Pluto then uses Socrates to introduce a new situation. Freedom is granted to a prisoner, and he is allowed to look at the things that cast the shadow shown to him. He does not recognize them; instead, he still believes that the casted shadow is more real than what he sees.
When the prisoner looks at the fire, he turns his head away from it towards the wall to escape its glare. He is then dragged out of the cave into the surface where there is sunlight. At first, it is too much, but then he gets used to it after spending some time at the surface. The prisoners who remained in the cave believed that the released prisoner’s mind was corrupted. According to them, he had lost grasp of the reality they have always known.
Personal response Pluto’s creativity and his vast understanding of human nature make him create a scenario that educates humanity by use of an imaginary world. He simply talks about human ignorance and the reluctance to embrace reason. People tend to believe only in things that they have known to be true.
They stick to tradition and culture passed to them from their ancestors. They are afraid to explore the alternative that they do not know. Once introduced to them, they first seek refuge in their initial belief. This is illustrated when the prisoner look at the fire then back to the wall.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Pluto’s analysis of human nature is indeed insightful. Up to date, people stick to culture and tradition not caring to explore the other side of the coin. An example is religion in the world. Humans tend to believe in the religion that they have known since childhood. It is not easy, for example, to convince a Christian to abandon his faith, become a Muslim, and vice versa.
Another example is a suicide bomber who has ever believed, since childhood, that dying for his cause will make him gain favour before the eyes of the Lord. He knows that taking more people with him amounts to greater rewards and will never listen to any reason against this.
Pluto also teaches that once humans discover the truth; they develop a need to stay in it. They develop deeper yearning for more of this truth, and that is when they realise that all along they have been ignorant. When they try to explain this to their colleagues who are still in darkness, they are the ones looked down upon, and regarded as being a danger to society.
Pluto uses the prisoner taken to the surface and brought back into the cave to illustrate this. It is unwise to remain true to perceptions instilled in one from childhood. People should listen to reason and consider all alternatives rather than remaining loyal to indigenous beliefs.
Identity and Language Essay online essay help: online essay help
The traditional roles of language as a source of communication and representation of the speaker; communicative means of various cultural, national, geographical, historical and other groups vary greatly, thus showing the natural means of discrimination and belonging.
However, the modern socio-cultural linguistics is changing its focus and making the emphasis on not only the usage of language as a reflection of internal qualities and intentions, but on the assistance it can render in reading the speaker and analyzing his or her identity through implemented linguistic means.
Since the concept of identity has been traditionally considered abstract and more often collective, the present stage of socio-linguistic study marks the revelation of individual identities and group identity features in a separate individual clearly, on the empirical level of communication (Joseph, 2006).
One more breakthrough in the socio-linguistic theory is the recognition of inseparability of language and identity. Joseph (2006) proves this point by giving an account of linguistic evolution as a means of social discrimination and performing social actions. In addition, language gave each distinctive group social cohesion and uniqueness, helping the community group members to distinguish allies and enemies (Joseph, 2006).
There has been a variety of identity foci researched by socio-linguistics through the lens of language studies. One of the most traditional foci is gender; the differences in language usage, the dominance of linguistic means and syntactic structures are a recognized historical fact. However, the construct of social identity as perceived before, pertaining to the class to which an individual belongs, was put under question because of limitations it posed in the identity research.
According to the opinion of Joseph (2006), the concept of social identity appeared much broader and much more comprehensive than simple belonging to a social strata; it included such features as the individual belonging to a social group, the self-concept of the individual, the fact of membership in that group, and the awareness of that knowledge by the individual (clearly subjective) (Joseph, 2006).
This hypothesis changes the angle of considering the social identity concept, and allows the researchers in socio-linguistics take a more subjective, individualized outlook at what identity really means for the individuals possessing, constructing and exercising it.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This hypothesis is supported by the later research of Lane (2009) who investigated the meaning of cultural identity the two immigrant Finnish groups residing in Canada had about their “Finnishness”.
It turned out that the two groups managed to have identical language dialects and the same household items, but their identity was surprisingly different because of differing meanings they attributed to them. By means of using the language and household objects, one group tried to reaffirm their identity that had been long oppressed during their residence in Norway.
The other group simply continued to exercise the same routines and speaking patterns as it used to while living in Norway (Lane, 2009). This research provides clear evidence of the fact that even similar identity elements reflected through linguistic means may pertain to different symbolic meanings and intentions, while the individual him- or herself influences the personal identity through the prism of personal perception.
The theory of cultural and national identity reflected through language is not new, and it shows how similar traits are attributed to the representatives of certain groups. The national identity has always been the focus of attention disregarding the individual effect on the identity and the possible range of deviations it can bring to the collective one. Therefore, the new trend in exploring the individual contribution to the formation of identity may produce many new findings for the development of the socio-linguistic theory.
References Joseph, J.E. (2006). Identity and Language. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 486-492.
Lane, P. (2009). Identities in action: a nexus analysis of identity construction and language shift. Visual Communication 8(4), pp. 449-468.
Funds Lease and Its Categorization Report essay help online
Lease has been categorized into capital (financial) and operation lease. Funds lease or rent bears an asset and a matching burden at the current value. The value is at the minimum lease payments. Minimum lease payment refer to the rental payment made during the period of the lease in addition to bargain value or any penalties as a result of non renewal of the lease by the end of the contract(Nailor
Use this as a guide for writing the summary reports for the Engineering videos. The idea of a summary college essay help
Use this as a guide for writing the summary reports for the Engineering videos.
The idea of a summary report is to convey important information and insights from (in this
case) a video in a way that the person reading the report learns what you learned from the
presentation without actually having to watch the video themselves. This happens in the
workplace where companies send one person to a workshop or conference and ask for a
summary report so that others on the job can learn what you learned without actually having to
assume the time and expense of going there themselves.
Writing Style: 1-2 pages is a guideline. Quality is more important than quantity. The idea is to
report the key information of the video so the reader can “watch” it without actually having to
watch it. Like you are a witness at an event, describing the event as an objective observer
reporting the facts. You can make observations about what you see as long as they are based
on what occurs in the video.
The writing style should present the material in terms of how it was presented in the video (‘the
video presented…’, ‘so-and-so said that…’, ‘key points of the presentation were…’). In other
words, you don’t want the reader to think that the information is coming from you, but rather,
from the presentation. The goal is to start learning to write technical documents in an
Paper Format Requirements
– 1 page minimum, standard letter paper
– 11-point Arial or Calibri font
– 1 inch margins
– Line spacing = single spacing
Green Initiatives Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction Green initiatives have taken centre stage in almost every environmental talk across the globe. However, it is essential for all stakeholders to take note of the importance of sustainability in upholding green initiatives as environmental policies are being formulated (Hard 2010, p. 1). Every economic sector remains culpable for environmental destruction experienced in the world today; although the level of responsibility may vary from one industry to another.
The hotel sector is however an important sector for embracing green initiatives because it accounts for a significant amount of expenses which companies, individuals and organizations make for social and corporate events (Hard 2010, p. 1). This is true because most hotels are usually chosen because of their abundant facilities for meetings like conference facilities, guest rooms and the likes (Hard 2010, p. 1).
In as much as event planners specialize in the best event practices, they should also wrap their fingers around devising ways in which hotels can offer more environmentally friendly services in form of green initiatives. Certain hotels across the globe such as Veil resorts in the Caribbean have adopted this initiative and are at the forefront in decreasing their environmental footprint while increasing their sustainability of hotel services (Ernst
Submit a Word document that briefly describes the group policies you will be implementing for the organization. Include a writing essay help
Submit a Word document that briefly describes the group policies you will be implementing for the organization. Include a descriiption of the policy (or policies), what entity each is applied to, and the intended purpose behind each policy.
Submit a Word document that describes group policies that will be implemented. Give examples of at least 3 group policy examples that will be created and describe the policies function and type. Describe what domain/organizational unit/sub organizational unit they will be linked to Medical, Operations, Human Resources and admissions.
Lockhart River Plane Crash Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction Even, though, plane accidents are uncommon they habitually result into baffling catastrophes. This is accredited to the increased numbers of individuals on board and wiry probabilities of endurance. Prior researches point out that roughly 90% fatal cases arise from the accidents furthermore; passengers’ plane crashes typically affect persons on the ground (Coppola 82).
A falling plane may thrust into a structure, a metropolis or rupture into the fire which thus affects many people. Airline incidents have been blamed on inapt weather leading to diminished vicinity and human errors including carelessness and physiological disorders. Other causes include motorized failures especially the engine due to pitiable servicing processes.
A sole plane crash of immense significance was illustrated at Lockhart River, while moving towards the airport on May 7, 2005 (Barnes 3). A frightening catastrophe thus incorporated a Fairchild metro, 23 aircraft, this happened at 11.43am. The mishap lead to the loss of close to fifteen lives in a jagged up terrain. It is further noted that this occurred a few miles from the Airport best referred to as the Iron Range.
The concerned plane was heading towards a place known as Carins, from Bamaga; however, it was to make a halt at the mentioned airport. It is equally notable that the 19 seater Metroliner had crew members that totaled to two; furthermore close to 15 passengers were on board, thus including 12 men and 3 women. In the end, the spoils were revealed lying on a hillside roughly 11 km from the river (Lockhart).
Preface examination indicated that the facts recorder, cockpit, did not document any information for the air travel or flight. It is central to mention that the release and rescue teams held responsible the cruel weather conditions for effectual reply services. The scene was characterized by heavy clouds and grave raindrops that contributed to the occurrence of the accident.
It is further affirmed that clouds hanging at about a 1000 feet above the airdrome were hazardous for the plane because of the increased presence of vicinity issues. Another issue of concern is the ruggedness, which complicated the situation thus rendering it inaccessible to the calamity team.
This situation could even exacerbate the situation because of the impact arising that may be caused by the rocky places. It is further indicated that the pilot did not conform to the required routes as illustrated by the certified set of laws of the airline itineraries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The report consequently indicates that the copilot had not received approval to put into practice runway operations prior to the plane taking off. It is also indicated that both descent and approach speeds that ought to have typified operations in the plane were not followed by the crew and team. It is crucial to affirm that the TransAir authorities were thus to blame since they failed to scrutinize the pilot’s conformity with the air guidelines.
(Picture indicating the scene of the accident)
Even, though, the cause for the accident lies with the deceased pilot, it is apparent from the retrospective examinations that the administration, pilot and copilot should be held culpable for occurrence of the catastrophe. The aptitude of the plane crew analyzing the plane was in doubt since they lacked approvals from knowledgeable pilots.
“The certifications of the TransAir were inconsistent with the Civil Aviation Safety Authority” (Barnes 3). It is also reinstated that failure of the cockpit to document any information indicates that the plane was deficient, further exemplifying the motorized and methodological problems. The concerned authorities were not able to establish the problem and apply apposite measures.
Issues Arising Plant and Equipment
It is noted that the plane had apparatus failures like the incapability of the cockpit to document and verify information. This further highlights the concept that that the plane had motorized setbacks which went unobserved (ASN). Consequently, it is realized that the devise features of the Jeppesen instrument, which serves critical roles that entailed detection of approach chats had several limitations and failures. Its incapability to provide clear and valid charts led to the lessening of watchfulness and confusion.
The report outlines that the apparatus responsible for viewing the process did not identify issues associated with the ecological terrain. It is equally mentioned that the Jeppesen instrument did not depict the procedures for changing the gradient but only recognized the contours that were white in color. Regarding the plant issues, it is specified that the plane crashed on a rugged terrain, a factor that contributed to the writing off of the airline since the repair process would have been futile.
The incompetent co-pilot could not save the situation because of the unawareness of the technical issues which were unfolding. He had pilot formal training requirements to carry out his duties effectively. The crew on board did a lot of work for the period of the approach and this must have vanished situational understanding of the plane’s position.
We will write a custom Report on Lockhart River Plane Crash specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Physical environment
The Iron Range, the park where the crash occurred was heavily timbered thus increasing the impact of the fall (ASN). The region around Lockhart River is a thick forest and extremely ragged which increased the severity of the situation. The vegetation in the region reduced the visibility thus obscuring the vicinity for the pilot and the crew. It is further mentioned that dense vegetation usually attracts rainfall, hence reducing visibility.
The scenery of the accident made it difficult to attain easy access especially for the rescue team so that they can offer their services in apt time. This eventually made it difficult for the catastrophe and examination team to locate the wreckage within the stipulated time. It is further clarified that delays caused by the ruggedness or the region contributed to increased death since people did not receive the crucial care.
People and skills
The crew team started initiating airport landing strip approach with the full knowledge that the co-pilot was not capable of conducting such mechanism approach. Issues pertaining to skills are also recognized when the pilot neglected to conform to issues pertaining to recommended descending speed limits, consequently descending at escalated speeds.
Furthermore, there was ignorance of the section’s lowest harmless height drop thus propagating the crashing of the plane. It is thus certain that the plane was directed into the terrain by the pilot due to increased negligence of the rules. In the end, the passengers could not live on due to the severity of the impact. This concept is further emphasized, upon analysis of the wreckage since centers of escape were blocked.
The travelers were confined in the crashed plane, this coupled with brutal ground impact culminated in their demise. The disaster team could not approach the scene easily due to the ruggedness of the area. This means that passengers who could have been easily rescued eventually died. It is also clear that the radar squad did not continuously observe the position of the plane; furthermore, it was fathomed minutes later that the plane was absent (Barnes 21)
Systems and Methods
The cause of the catastrophe is accredited to the disregard of the system guidelines by the pilot. Other concepts include the presence of non functional instruments and diminished experience amongst the personnel. It is worth mentioning that the pilot could have comprehended clear indications by this instrument and taken apposite actions.
It is common knowledge in the aviation industry that descent at high speed could not allow for safe landing. This is because it would eventually culminate in system technicalities. It is thus crucial to determine why the pilot disobeyed the rules and descended quickly prompting the plane to lose control. In the end, it plunged into the dense forest. The co-driver could have used other methods of controlling the plane if he was experienced (Pritchard
Immigration Reform and the Economic Impact Term Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Major Immigration Reforms Underway
Reforms and Their Positive Economic Influence
Negative Consequences of the Immigration Reforms
Introduction As globalization and industrialization continue to influence the development of megacities and urban centers across the world, the attention of civilians on immigration for socioeconomic purposes has increased (Eakin 2). An influx of mass population resulting from mass immigration trends has a significant influence on the national economy.
Although immigrants are a potential source of labor workforce that companies require in enhancing their productivity and improving national economy, maintaining immigrant population is costly to any nation. Since the gold rush era, the United States remains considered as a nation of immigrants.
Currently, the United States is undergoing financial crisis, with the economic growth stagnating at 2%, and the public debt escalating to $16 trillion, probably due to its national expenditure of the massive population (Immigration Policy Centre 1). Recently, the United States has been undertaking immigration reforms purposely to improve its economic welfare. Hence, this essay seeks to examine the underway immigration reforms and their economic impact on the United States.
Major Immigration Reforms Underway There has been an evolving controversy regarding the presence of legal and illegal immigrants in the United States, with the Native Americans complaining about the economic impacts of managing the growing national population (Bennett 12).
For approximately two consecutive decades, the American government has been struggling to mitigate unauthorized immigration from several nations across the world. Contemporarily, the federal government of America is seeking to improve the immigration policies in response to the dwindling economy (Gamboa 7).
The intended reforms in the American immigration issue include the development of a competent immigration policy that is capable of controlling the immigration trends. As part of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), the federal government seeks to renew immigration policies using new approaches (Center for American Progress 2). The Senate house of the United States in June 2013 passed the immigration reform bill that seeks to shape the American economy through managing illegal migration into America.
The emergence of immigration policy from the comprehensive immigration reform primarily seeks to implement a flexible legal immigration platform that would leverage the economic situations of the United States (Gamboa 12). The government of the United States is on a quest of embracing a comprehensive immigration reform that seeks to legalize immigration and allow immigrants to acquire permanent citizenship (Eakin 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The notion is that through a flexible system of immigration that allows legal movement of potential workforce in the United States, its economy would grow. The Americans are defiant to the prevalence of immigrants in the United States with fear that immigrants would perhaps displace Native American workers.
The comprehensive immigration reform that their Senate house has proposed seeks to improve employment protection for both the immigrants and the Native Americans (Gamboa 8). The comprehensive immigration bill provides the undocumented or unauthorized immigrants with the opportunity of securing American citizenship that would enhance their legality in residing in the United States.
Reforms and Their Positive Economic Influence The foremost aspect of any national economy is stability in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is normally the market value of products or services offered within a country. The national GDP depends on the employment status of the nationals and the levels of industrial growth in the nation (Immigration Policy Centre 1).
Considered among the most significant global economies, United States companies are foremost to its industrialization and its economic growth. Legal acquisition of citizenship to unauthorized and undocumented immigrants would probably instill confidence among immigrants, most of whom are potential foreign investors (Eakin 1). Immigrant investors would increase commercial activities by bringing in unique innovations that would expand the American economy.
The United States economy has frequently relied on commercial taxes levied on industries to generate national fiscal revenues that contribute to GDP growth. As Center for American Progress (1) notes, economists in the United States have estimated that the intended comprehensive immigration reform would increase the GDP by approximately 0.84 percent.
A 0.8 percent increase in the United States economy translates to a ten-year accumulative GDP growth of about $ 1.5 trillion. The amount encompasses $1.2 trillion value of national goods and service consumption and $256 billion from new companies expected. Apart from GDP growth, legalizing immigration, as economists argue, has the power to enhance employment, improve national wages, and boost investments (Center for American Progress 1).
With the inception of the comprehensive immigration reform, America expects the number of companies operating within the United States to increase from 45 to 75 new multinational companies (Eakin 7). Growth of new investments and increase in the number of companies is likely to stiffen industrial competition and amplify employment opportunities and conditions, including payment expectations (Bennett 4).
We will write a custom Term Paper on Immigration Reform and the Economic Impact specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Apart from increasing GDP through industrial taxation, industrial growth due to the immigration reforms would improve wages of both native and immigrant workers. A country with high average salary among its employees generates high revenue from national taxation.
Comprehensive immigration reform is likely to improve the wages of American workers and that of the newly legalized immigrants to about $4,400 annually for the less-skilled workers and $6,185 annually for the skilled laborers (Immigration Policy Centre 1). Regarding the same wage issue, the initial assumption of the anti-immigrants was that immigrants displace native workers and depress national wages.
Nonetheless, economists have recently established that immigrants sometimes have the ability to enhance wages of the native workers (Bennett 12). Immigration typically increases supply and demand of labor, and consequently enhances labor competition and augments remuneration depending on the competency of workers.
The large pool of immigrants as experienced over the years in America, encompass the majority of the low-skilled workforce, and this is advantageous to the native-born Americans (Gamboa 15). Growth in the workforce usually spurs industrial growth, increases employment, boosts investments, and enhances some increase in average national wages, which is beneficial to the national economy of the United States.
Economists believe that the national economy largely depends on the relationship between labor and capital demands. Enactment of the immigration policy would augment the supply of labor to the American economy, as the legislation would probably loosen the annual immigration limitations (Eakin 5).
Labor and capital demands encompass an evaluation of labor output, most excellent capital stocks, and labor intensity. Economists believe that an increase in the supply of labor force enhances economic growth, doubles labor productivity, and improves the national economy due to improved national revenues (Gamboa 11). As aforementioned, the economists expect that the inception would significantly enhance the national expenditure on products and services generated within the United States.
The $1.2 trillion on additional consumption of products and services would occur because of the increased wages on the native and the immigrant workforce (Eakin 9). High wages among workers increases their personal income, and thus, enhances consumer spending on services/products, consumer preference, and consumer buying power that further enhances GDP.
The intended comprehensive immigration reform has the likelihood of increasing the population of the United States from the present 10 million to approximately 16 million in 2025 (Immigration Policy Centre 2).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Immigration Reform and the Economic Impact by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Apart from the tax generated from each citizen, legalized workers residing in America would have the capacity and confidence to open bank accounts, purchase living homes, initiate considerable business investments, and all these contribute to economic growth (Immigration Policy Centre 2). Apart from spending on purchasing materials, industrial products, and other direct services, the extra 6 million immigrant workers are likely to spend on improving their human capital.
The wages of legalized immigrants would help augment the American economy, as immigrants would confidently invest in their human capital (Center for American Progress 2). Expenditure on aspects of human capital such as education, on-job training, and research and development are important as it improves productivity of workers and consequently generate taxes.
Negative Consequences of the Immigration Reforms Currently, it has been evident that mass numbers of the American immigrants have been pushing the government to incur unexpected expenses as they consume much of the national budget (Bennett 6). Research reveals that the United States spends more on humanitarian support and on immigrants than on its own people, which contributes to the current economic crunches.
The United States spends approximately $113 billion annually in controlling illegal immigration at the local, state and even in the federal levels (Gamboa 6). Illegal immigration is probably among the causes of the strained United States economy as the immigration cost is currently between $11 billion to $22 billion (Center for American Progress 2).
Although these reforms will probably ameliorate the United States economy to a certain extent, legalizing immigration may even cause severe economic harm. Attempts to mitigate illegal immigration in America through earlier IRCA amnesties have existed and more worrying is that they had turned to be unsuccessful.
The United States had previously attempted its first approach to make immigration lawful in the year 1986 when its government introduced the IRCA. Although legalized immigrants would spur capital income and industrialization that significantly reduces the cost of bills and federal budgetary, negative economic impacts are unavoidable (Eakin 7).
A significant economic concern is that the legalization beneficiaries have hardly had any favorable employment opportunities in America. The comprehensive immigration reform would increase the number of unskilled laborers to compete for employment opportunities in America (Immigration Policy Centre 1).
The initial statistics reveal that American has been facing fiscal deficiency due to increased budget and national expenditure that the unskilled workers consume. As evident from past incidents, immediately after enactment of the IRCA, unskilled immigrant workers have earned meager wages (Center for American Progress 1). Unless the comprehensive immigration reform establishes effective policies that would shun illegal immigrant, the American economy may face an economic downfall.
From the perspective of economic sense, it takes very little time to obtain a workforce than it takes to develop an investment. Legalizing immigrants would increase the immigrant population faster than investors would have developed their business in America (Immigration Policy Centre 1).
Economists estimate that approximately one million immigrants would be seeking citizenship in America annually unless the policy adopts effective immigration regulations to balance employment and population rates (Eakin 4). The increasing numbers of legalized immigrants who would be seeking for employment while hosted by their relatives would depend on the same national budget to survive.
By the time potential foreign investors would have invested completely in America, the pool of increasing immigrants would have already caused great harm to the American economy (Immigration Policy Centre 2). The policy may receive a sharp reaction from immigrants, especially for those who anticipate visiting the United States and a slow reaction from potential investors. Consequently, the employment demands would exceed job chances.
A growing population in any economy comes with its own unique national responsibilities that America must assess before enacting the comprehensive immigration reform bill (Bennett 3). The increasing population of undocumented immigrants has been causing economic constraints in America due to the issue of insecurity.
Increasing from 11 million to 16 million American immigrants would put the national security at stake and the federal government would have to strengthen national security (Center for American Progress 2). America has been spending heavily on quelling insurgency, terrorism, and crime within and outside its borders.
As immigrants increase the America’s population, it has been evident that the American Customs and Boarder Protection budget has been increasing swiftly by 92% from 2003. In 2003, the budget was at $6.0 billion, but it grew rapidly in 2009 to approximately $11.3 billion (Bennett 2). Although reforms may improve security and reduce such expenses by shallow margins, the extra 6 million immigrants expected to increase, would require an effective national security.
Personal Opinion The United States is presently facing detrimental financial crisis, something that an established economy should not experience. Undocumented immigrants are the cause of economic stress in the United States as they spend millions of money that this government can utilize in other government programs.
While the issue of illegal immigrants hampering the United States economy may sound unethical given the cases of numerous histories of discrimination against immigrants, an intervention is essential. Mass deportation of illegal immigrants is more uneconomical and unethical than legalizing the immigrants. What is best for the United States now is to recover from its lost economic value and restore its global financial reputation, which matters in its survival in the global capital markets.
Since legalizing immigration is for the betterment of the United States economy, the senate should critically evaluate the comprehensive immigration reform bill, including its future implications before consenting on this bill. Effective means of controlling immigration itself is what will determine whether the comprehensive immigration bill will remain useful or will deem futile.
Conclusion The long-anticipated immigration reforms may probably come from the proposed comprehensive immigration reform bill that seeks to legalize immigration and allow individuals to acquire permanent American citizenships.
It is possible that the reforms would spur GDP growth, provide employment opportunities, improve employee wages, and enhance investment in America. Legalizing immigration would instill investment confidence among potential investors, and this would enhance employment opportunities and increase wages to both highly skilled and lowly skilled workforce.
Nonetheless, such attempts of legalizing immigration have prevailed earlier through the IRCA but became futile with time. Any ambiguities in the enactment and implementation of the comprehensive bill may result in increased government expenditure in hosting and supporting the immigrants. Security is an issue to consider while attempting to legalize immigration, as America has historically spent immensely on national security.
Works Cited Bennett, Brian. House Republicans consider their own immigration plan. 2014. Web.
Center for American Progress. The Economic Benefits of Comprehensive Immigration Reform. 2010. Web.
Eakin, Douglas. Study: Immigration Reform, Economic Growth, and the Fiscal Challenge. 2013. Web.
Gamboa, Suzanne. Republican trio: economic gains in immigration reform, citizenship not critical. 2014. Web.
Immigration Policy Centre. The Economic Benefits of Immigration Reform. 2010. Web.
Fossil Fuels Subsidies and the Impact of Pollution on Health and Lifetime Earnings Expository Essay essay help online
The environmental health of the world has become increasingly a part of the economic discourse for many countries. This is reflected in two articles recently featured in The Economist (The Economist staff) (The Economist staff).
The burning of fossil fuels, long taken for granted as a driver of economic development, is now identified with massive climate change trends. For some nations, fossil fuel prices have been subsidized for many years. This practice is receiving a wide and searching re-examination. Its economic impacts have may have been more negative than positive (The Economist staff).
Although there are direct economic reasons for considering discontinuing fossil fuel subsidies, there are other, less immediately obvious long-term benefits to taking a hard look at environmental policy. Nations may find that environmental improvement has economic benefits for individual citizens as well, and thus, for the whole country. Research suggests that lifetime health and income outcomes are worsened by exposure to air pollution.
This may go against expectation because heavy industry is usually associated with prosperity, in popular thinking. However, long-term comparisons of areas that implemented air quality regulations with those that did not demonstrate that reduced pollution improved both chronic disease morbidity and adult labor market performance (The Economist staff).
In their article on fossil fuels subsidies, the Economist’s writers note that several countries are contemplating reducing fuel subsidies. These include Malaysia, Indonesia, Egypt, Jordan, and India. Their governments have been spending substantial percentages of their gross domestic product on such subsidies. The article cites a global figure of 2 trillion dollars spent on underwriting fossil fuel use, or more than 8%, when losses due to sacrificed tax revenues are taken into account.
The article also notes that these expenditures are non-productive. They lead to inefficiencies in the economy, perhaps because due to unresponsiveness to market forces. Another problem is subsidies make national governments vulnerable to unpredictable budgetary expansion when the price of fossil fuel jumps. The government must pay the world market price, no matter the price charged to consumers or transportation systems.
The most severe indictment of fossil fuels subsidies asserted by the authors of this article is that the benefit of any fuel subsidy accrues not to the poor of a country, but rather to the wealthy. This is an eye opening insight and supports the idea that all that money could be better spent on improving the economic potential of the poorest citizens.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, increased energy costs raise the cost of living, and this is one potent objection to eliminating fuel subsidies. This can be an inflammatory move on the part of a government, and the article cites popular protests against subsidy cuts in places like Malaysia.
This article brings to light an element in the economic health of a nation that may be new to many student readers. These subsidies, doubtless well-meant, may have the effect of sapping the economy of significant resources, while at the same time, not helping the people it should help (The Economist staff). The danger that this student sees is that the benefits could go to industrial interests that perhaps should not need it.
The reasons cited for reducing or eliminating did not include much concern for the environmental impact. Governmental support for fossil fuels does not encourage the development of alternative energy technologies. This problem connects this article with the other story because alternative fuels are hoped to reduce pollution. The second article details the disturbing long-range effects of pollution on economic prospects and health.
However, the good news is that areas of the USA that have implemented the 1970 Clean Air Act were higher lifetime earners than their neighbors in places that somehow avoided this regulation. This means that the loss of dirty and polluting heavy industries is not the unmitigated disaster that politicians and corporate interests often assert. This should be reassuring to economists concerned about the impact of ‘Not In My Back Yard’ (NIMBY) objections to the siting of dangerous industrial activities.
On the other hand, these findings make it all the more disturbing to consider the impact of dirty industries on lifetime health. The article cites heart disease and diabetes, as well as reduced life expectancy, as results of being conceived, born, brought up, or living in polluted locales. These are serious problems that also affect could affect the economy in several negative ways.
These diseases cost substantial money to the health care system to treat, and they increase absenteeism and reduce productivity in business. They take people out of the work force before necessary. This reduces the efficiency of the economy overall to some extent.
However, the most distressing implication of these findings is that by saying no to dirty industry in the USA, the problem is not solved for the whole world. The pollution is an externality that does not disappear when it is offshored. A dirty industry that merely moves from a first world location to a third world location as a result of The Clean Air Act, or the equivalent regulations in other countries does not eliminate the impact of the toxins. Instead, it simply shifts the unpleasantness to people who are less able to protest.
We will write a custom Essay on Fossil Fuels Subsidies and the Impact of Pollution on Health and Lifetime Earnings specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a dramatic example of why environmental justice is more than merely a matter of ethics and morals. Instead, the findings described in this article show that shifting polluting industries to less advantaged communities does them no favors in health or economic terms. This must be a concern for the whole world. It supports the notion that finding environmentally sound ways to produce what we need should be a central pursuit of economists (The Economist staff).
Both articles demonstrate that policies can have unintended consequences. They should be considered for all their economic impacts. These can include unexpected externalities.
Works Cited The Economist staff. “Energy Subsidies: Fuelling Controversy.” 11 January 2014. The Economist. Web.
—. “Environmentalism: Clean Living Pays Off.” 4 February 2014. The Economist. Web.
The Qing Dynasty Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Manchu, ruled the Imperial China between 1611 and 1911. Not only did the dynasty perfect imperialism in China, but also went on to extend the borders of China during the 267 years (Historical Legacies). After witnessing numerous successes in the 18th century, the Qing dynasty began to experience both internal and external problems that led to its disintegration in the 19th century.
Western pressure, economic debacles, overpopulation, revolts, a complicated governance system, the rise of Sun Yat-Sen, and peasant upheavals are some of the changes that made it difficult for the Qing dynasty to respond to confrontations of the 19th century and effectively reform China.
The court’s decision to cut-off China from the rest of the world led to a decline in radicalism in technological developments and enhancements, thus preventing it from becoming a world superpower. The cut-off made it easier for Europeans to conquer China and other less fortunate nations, making China fall under European colonization.
The extraordinary invasion of their nation infuriated the Chinese, who demanded immediate evacuation of their land. The Europeans took advantage of the situation to demand compensation for their efforts, and they ended-up reaping Chinese land and tones of silver. When they went to war in the 1800s, Europeans effortlessly overcame the resistance by the Qing navy and army. Foreign advancements and attacks continued from countries like France, Britain, Germany, and Japan.
The isolation policy by the colonial court proved to be a great undoing for the Qing dynasty. Attempts by some organizations like Boxers to apply guerilla tactics in repelling the Europeans were futile given the superior nature of weapons that the Europeans possessed. Of great surprise was the Boxers’ rebellion to the ruling Qing dynasty.
The opposition by the Chinese peasants weakened the dynasty, such that it was unable to address the challenges of the 19th century and reform China as well. Historical Legacies held that “…massive peasant uprisings…” distorted the plans of the Qing dynasty to effectively reform China. These numerous internal and external wars provided a weak platform for the Qing dynasty to counter the 19th century’s challenges and reform China.
Clearly, the focus to guard their borders against invasion by foreigners coupled with the inferior weapons made it difficult for the Qing dynasty to address numerous challenges that it faced in the 19th century. Moreover, the exclusion of China from the rest of the world brought backwardness in improvements, which resulted in inability to face the challenges, such as control by foreign nations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The perception by the imperial court that European technologies were ‘evil’ also made the Qing dynasty to lag behind in technological advancements. According to the radicals, the challenges of the 19th century, such as invasion by the Europeans required modern technologies. China failed to industrialize at a time other nations were engaging in mass production of products using machines during the Industrial Revolution.
Corruption and mismanagement of funds by officials within the imperial court system brought difficulties in the way the Qing dynasty responded to challenges of the 19th century. The imperial treasury became bankrupt, and was unable to counter any challenge due to inadequate financial power.
The radicals believed that the root cause of the weakness of the Qing dynasty emanated from the inefficient systems of the imperial government. In addition, the doubling of the financial expenditures of the Qing dynasty resulted in weak financial conditions, as income remained constant.
From the economic perspective, practices by the Ching ruler and the doubled expenditures resulted in a weak economic foundation. An example of a failure that emanated from this situation is the inability to expand the system of law courts to the district level. Apart from corruption and embezzlement of funds, dissatisfaction by the Han people on the ruling system of the Manchu brought disunity within the greater Qing dynasty.
Historical Legacies attests that “Unity was inherently fragile, hence the perpetual fear of break-up in Chinese history.” Disunity was a great impediment to resolving challenges that the empire faced in the 19th century. Apparently, there was an amendment of the extravagant law of the Qing dynasty and establishments of the most comprehensive cultural ruling.
These cultural rulings were Confucianism, which was a set of ethical beliefs acquired from the teachings one of the Chinese scholars called Confucius. Actually, the most important belief was in learning and practicing the ways of Dao who they believed to be their God. The Han Empire had several dictators who made people to experience extreme hardship in their lives during the periods that these tyrants ruled the Empire.
Evidently, Liu Bang known as Lee Guang founded the Han dynasty, and went on to exasperate his subjects in various ways. Since he was the military leader and even defeated his rivals, he employed force on the subjects. When the Opium war began, the ordinary Han Chinese had little interest in defending the dynasty; this disloyalty exposed the loss of the Mandate of Heaven by the ruling dynasty.
We will write a custom Essay on The Qing Dynasty specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The decentralization of the political system, at the same time, devolved corrupt and selfish individuals who worked for their own benefits against the interests of the dynasty. Evidently, decentralization produced disloyal Chinese subjects at the grass-root levels. With autonomous administrations, the provinces went on to declare independence from the imperial Machu court simultaneously. The disloyalty infiltrated the military through numerous reforms.
This made it difficult for the Qing dynasty to get full protection assurance from the military. Regional military forces did not support the Manzhus, as they were sensibly autonomous of the Pecking’s control. From this aspect, Qing’s dynasty attempts to reform China met rebellion from the disloyal subjects. Qing dynasty also lacked competent leaders or officials to carry out the reforms needed to counter the 19th century’s challenges.
Insincerity of leaders in promoting reforms made the dynasty to lag behind in the reform process that was taking place in key nations across Europe and Asia. Empress Dowager messed with the ruling of the empire when she channeled military funds to building of a grand Summer Palace. With no funds to develop the Chinese military, the dynasty was unable to marshal enough and competent troops to face foreign armies who were invading the territory.
Her leadership style influenced key government administrators to a mass wealth at the expense of the cries of starving commoners who could be significant in the fight against external control from the Europeans. Dishonesty among the government officials and the Empress shifted the attention of the Qing dynasty to personal gains, with little or no attention to the commoners. The Qing leadership maintained high levels of unethical practices, such that focusing on challenges that faced the country became a tertiary affair.
Maintaining the huge Chinese population also proved to be a great problem for the Qing dynasty. With little resources to sustain the population, the Qing dynasty could not pay attention in reforming the country. This internal problem shifted the focus of the Qing dynasty from addressing challenges like pressure from foreigners and issues of foreign immigrants. China remained weak for the last 100 years, and with the huge population, the dynasty could not offer quality health care and education.
High illiteracy levels contributed to the inability of the Qing dynasty to address challenges of the 19th century that required expansive knowledge. In line with this, the negative perception of the western culture made the dynasty to go slow on adopting modern education systems (Historical Legacies 321). The education system concentrated on training for the Imperial Examinations, and not to learning aspects that enhanced rational thinking and autonomy, as propelled by the western education.
Reforms of the 19th century had immense connections with modern education, which the Qing rulers opposed its implementation. Empress Cixi is one ruler who did not understand why one should go through the education system. During such periods, concubines were easily endorsed to succeed their predecessors. Qing dynasty’s inability to embrace modern education worked against its reform programs in China.
From internal problems to external dynamics, the Qing dynasty was not able to address the issues that it faced in the 19th century resulting in its fall. Corruption, disloyalty, radicalism, insincerity, lack of modern education system, and overpopulation are the factors that made it difficult for the dynasty to focus on solving the problems of the 19th century and reform China. Even though the Qing dynasty succeeded in other areas, it failed to handle key issues that could have reformed China.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Qing Dynasty by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited “Historical Legacies.” Some Historical Pointers. 321 – 2014 – Module 2
The Acquisition between Google and Motorola Mobility Research Paper essay help online
Table of Contents Circumstances that led to the acquisition of Motorola Company
Effects of the merger/acquisition
Corporate structure after acquiring Motorola Mobility
Organization of Human Resource
Google is a multinational company that is based in the United States and specializes in Internet-related products and services (Duthel, 2008). Some of its products and services include cloud computing, search, online advertising technologies and software (Hamen, 2011). In 2011, Google acquired Motorola Mobility.
Motorola, Inc. is also a multinational company based in the US and specializes in telecommunications (März, 2004). Prior to the acquisition in 2011, the corporation was divided into two sections: Motorola Solutions and Motorola Mobility (Hamen, 2011). This paper seeks to establish Circumstances that led to the acquisition of Motorola Mobility, effects of the merger or acquisition, corporate structure after acquiring Motorola Mobility and the changes made to the human resource function.
Circumstances that led to the acquisition of Motorola Company The merger between Motorola Inc and Google took place in 2011. This was an approach by Google to add some value to its operations. In fact, at that time, the company had more than 20,000 patents with many more in the pipeline (Kurtz
OD Application: Harley-Davidson’s Plant Run by Work Teams Case Study essay help online free
Harley-Davidson is the company with the prolonged history which started in 1903. The history of the company’s development is characterized by the periods of successes and failures because of the company’s orientation to producing high-quality expensive motorcycles interesting for the narrow audience (Brown, 2010, p. 295; Harley-Davidson, 1999).
During a long period of time, the company’s organization was based on the principle of the strong leadership. Nevertheless, Harley-Davidson changed the approach to the corporate culture and organization in 1998, while building the Harley-Davidson plant in Kansas City.
The Harley-Davidson Kansas City plant is characterized by the focus on empowering employees and developing the natural work groups in 8 to 15 members who work to achieve the company’s goals without references to the leaders’ rules and regulations (Brown, 2010, p. 295). The idea to develop the successful plant based on the principle of natural work groups can be discussed as rather realistic, if all the aspects of this unique structure and organization are stated and fixed in detail.
This approach can work effectively because every employee belonging to the team works to contribute to the company’s goal; every employee is empowered to make decisions and discuss them with the other team members; such important issues as schedules, strategies, and budgets are controlled by the teams; all the employees share the same information because of the slight differences in their statuses and positions; the open communication between all the team members is possible; and the employees share the same responsibilities while orienting to completing the company’s common goal (Brown, 2010, p. 295).
Thus, the plant’s organization is based on the idea of the team cohesion which can provide a lot of benefits for the company and contribute to the significant increases in the employees’ motivation and productivity.
However, this type of structure can be associated with many problems, if the shift from the team interests to the individual interests is realized. From this point, the self-managed work teams can work effectively till the members of the teams become focused on the individual contribution to the work of the team and to the group achievements (Harley-Davidson, USA, 2014). The team members can also observe the problems in communication which can lead to conflicts.
Thus, the employees can become focused on their individual role in the process, orient to pursuing individual goals, concentrate on the realization of the personal ambitions, and begin to demonstrate their leader’s qualities. For instance, conflicts can be observed during the decision making process because the decision should be made with references to the vision of the majority.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More That is why, definite improvements to affect the organizational structure based on the natural work groups should be implemented at the Harley-Davidson Kansas City plant. It is important to state clearly the functions and responsibilities of the Plant Leadership Group in order to avoid the conflicts between the group members which can depend on the individual ambitions and career plans. Furthermore, all the corporate information should be shared between the employees equally.
The reward system should work equally in relation to all the working teams, depending on their productivity. It is also possible to improve the performance appraisal and reward systems to add to the employees’ motivation. Moreover, the plant’s employees should be trained to see the priority of the team goals as the path to the company’s high achievements.
References Brown, D. (2010). An experiential approach to organization development. Upper Saddle, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Harley-Davidson: Company history and background. (1999). Web.
Harley-Davidson, USA. (2014). Web.
A Trip to the Wonderland: Under the Arches of the Utah National Park Descriptive Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Introduction: The Mysterious Labyrinth of the Arches National Park Clearly one of the most surreal places on Earth, the Arches National Park, also known as a Red Rock Wonderland (A Red Rock Wonderland para. 1) is more than a bunch of weird-looking squiggly rocks – it is a place where quite complex processes are unceasingly taking place.
At the first glance, the park does not differ from a range of similar Southern landscapes; however, as soon as the alleged travelers reach the magnificent domes, a breathtaking view will be opened in front of them. Because of complex geological processes caused by erosion and salt beds beneath the surface, the Arches National Park has a very specific look and provides a sand-and-clay soil type for the Park inhabitants.
Arches Formation and the Processes behind It: A Salt Bed As researchers explain, the Arches National Park owes its weird look, or, to be more exact, the arched rocks that are scattered all over the park area, to the huge salt beds located underneath the park surface (Bergoff and Vana-Miller 8).
As the researches on the formation of arches in the park explain, the anticlines emerged after the overlying layers collapsed into the elongated crests created by the salt under the park surface (Arches National Park Utah para. 3). The erosion caused by wind, sun radiation and groundwater, in its turn, has contributed to making the arches even thinner, thus, making the Arches National Park landscape even more surreal.
Biological Soil Crust and What It Is Caused by: Live Organisms Apart from the processes of erosion, which, combined with the effects that evaporations from salt beds have on the surface of the area, the park is also famous for its unusual type of soil cover. Defined as “knobby black” (Arches National Park para. 8), the given piece of soil is, in fact, alive. Consisting of “algae, lichens, and cyanobacteria” (Arches National Park para. 8), it makes a perfect environment for desert plants to grow in and owes its uniqueness to the process of nutrient (minerals) cycling in the specified area.
Since the surface of the area is rarely disturbed during the periods of draught, the evaporation rates are quite low, and, therefore, the chances for the soil to become a habitable environment for a number of organisms, including bacteria, algae and other microorganisms (Arches National Park – Cryptobiotic Soil para. 3).
Unforgettable Experience and Thought Provoking News To be honest, the information about the Arches National Park was not a complete surprise to me. I have heard of the weird Utah landscape, yet never bothered to Google the pictures of this unbelievable place. As a result, wheat I learned about the geological processes behind the arches formation was a unique, curious and admittedly valuable experience for me.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The controversy regarding the negative effects that industry induced soil change has had on the park (Arches National Park – Cryptobiotic Soil para. 5), however, has been an unpleasant surprise for me. I am positively certain that the given paper is not the last research that I will do on the Arch National Park.
Conclusion: Watching the Earth Change There is no doubt that the Arches National Park is one of the most amazing places in the world. However, it would be wrong to assume that the magnificent arches will stay in their places forever, just as it would be a mistake to claim that the biological soil crust is not going to be destructed by the increases in the average Arch Park temperature and longer and more severe draughts. Such changes are a sad yet inevitable element of the geological cycles, and the effects of these changes, both human induced and natural, are yet to be evaluated.
Works Cited A Red Rock Wonderland. n. d. Web.
Arches National Park. n. d. Web.
Arches National Park – Cryptobiotic Soil. n. d. Web.
Arches National Park Utah. n. d. Web.
Bergoff, Kevin and David Vana-Miller. Canyonlands National Park, Arches National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument. Washington, DC: National Park Service. 1997. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on A Trip to the Wonderland: Under the Arches of the Utah National Park specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
The Lack of Child Care Facilities in the Military Communities Research Paper college admission essay help
Modern military bases can be discussed as the developed communities where soldiers live with their spouses and children. From this point, many military families living in these communities face the problem of organizing the effective care for their children because of the lack of affordable child care facilities.
However, it is important to note that the quality of the soldiers’ service is directly associated with the development of families’ households within the community and families’ comfort. If the military family experiences problems with providing the effective care for children, this fact can influence the soldiers’ performance negatively.
Thus, the US Department of Defense (DoD) is expected to pay more attention to organizing the high-quality and affordable child care facilities in the military communities with the focus on developing the military child care system, reforming the priority principle, and improving the system’s financing because of the necessity to respond to the needs of the hundreds of families living at the US military bases.
The development and improvement of the military child care system is the first step to changing the situation for better because of organizing more facilities of different levels for children from the numerous military families. Many military families have children who are below the school age, but these children have no opportunity to attend the child development centers or stay with the in-home family care providers because there are few available places in the centers.
Moreover, many military parents cannot afford to pay the child care providers’ fees because they “operate as private contractors and set their own fees” (Kozaryn, 2014). As a result, parents should choose the work in shifts in order to receive the opportunity to care for their children. Even if the military family can afford the services of the child care providers, the quality of care is still questionable because these persons can violate health and safety standards (Fitzsimons
Communication and Leadership: a Discussion Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Justifications for Selecting Oprah
Introduction In the academia, there has been a growing interest in the leadership literature and its relations with communication, especially after the realization by scholars and practitioners that effective leadership is still principally dependent on communication (Barrett, 2006).
An assessment conducted by Aziz (2003) shows that proficiency in communication enhances leadership skills and competencies, as well as business credentials. Drawing on the leadership and communication competencies of Oprah Winfrey, an American media owner, talk show host, performer, producer and philanthropist, the present paper purposes to illuminate why effective communication is so fundamental for effective leadership.
Justifications for Selecting Oprah Oprah Winfrey is an effective leader and good communicator, if her achievements in the media and contributions to the global society are to receive consideration. In terms of being an effective leader, it can be argued that the celebrity has demonstrated transformational, charismatic and servant leadership competencies not only in the process of touching and changing the lives of her viewers for the better (Klenke, 2002), but also in leading them by example (Aziz, 2003).
Her empathetic and caring personality, excellent communication skills, capacity to get along well with people of diverse backgrounds, and outstanding mediation skills qualify her to be one of the most effective leaders globally (What Oprah Knows, 2014).
In the context of being a good communicator, it can be argued that Oprah’s communication is process-oriented and effective in meeting the set goals, not mentioning that the celebrity collaborates well with others by gesturing and listening conscientiously as her guests in the talk show communicate their unique needs (Klenke, 2002).
Discussion In almost all of the organizations aspiring to remain competitive in today’s turbulent business environment, leaders and managers must spend a considerable portion of their daily engagements communicating with customers, employees, supervisors, suppliers, owners, and other relevant stakeholders. Consequently, the very basis of effective leadership is having the right kind of skills to successfully and effectively communicate with these stakeholders (Barrett, 2006).
As an example, it can be argued that the sheer amount of time that Oprah Winfrey spends communicating with her viewers, employees and other stakeholders underlines how significant strong communication skills can be for her, especially in terms of advancing her leadership position. In this light, it is clear that having effective communication skills should be a seminal responsibility for leaders if they expect to broaden their scope in effective leadership.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Walker (2004) argues that effective leadership is about managing diversity, which is impossible to do in the absence of effective communication. Although Oprah meets with individuals from diverse backgrounds in terms of age, status, culture, ethnicity and gender, she is able to demonstrate effective leadership through effective communication with these individuals, especially through an accurate analysis of the audience, structuring communication, and listening attentively to her audience (Barrett, 2006).
Cases abound of highly qualified managers in global companies, who are unable to effectively manage racial or ethnic diversity in the workplace due poor communication skills. Such managers, in my view, cannot qualify to become successful leaders, thus the explanation as to why effective communication is so important for effective leadership.
Drawing on the available leadership literature, there appears to be a tangible relationship between good communicators and charismatic leaders in the sense that most charismatic leaders have well-developed communication skills and competencies (Barrett, 2006).
Going back to Oprah’s case example, it is beyond doubt that the celebrity is an effective charismatic leader due to her capacity to connect with her audience while communicating (What Oprah Knows, 2014), and also as a result of communicating with her image and persona (Klenke, 2002).
Consequently, it is possible to progress the argument that Oprah has become a hugely effective leader due to her capacity to use different avenues to communicate to her audience. These communication avenues endear followers to their leaders, hence facilitating an environment through which effective leadership can be achieved.
Barrett (2006) acknowledges that “good communication skills enable, foster, and create the understanding and trust necessary to encourage others to follow a leader” (p. 385). Oprah has been hugely successful as a leader owing to the understanding and trust she has cultivated in her viewership over the years (Klenke, 2002), not mentioning that her perceived self-efficiency and transformative personality has helped her a great deal in securing the understanding and trust she continues to enjoy from viewers (What Oprah Knows, 2014).
The most important point for this discussion, though, is that a manager cannot become an effective leader in the absence of effective communication skills, which have been found to reinforce the above-mentioned attributes.
We will write a custom Essay on Communication and Leadership: a Discussion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In business contexts, the only way to get things done with and through people is by effectively communicating your decisions to those concerned, implying that communication is essential in any leadership endeavors. Indeed, effective communication involving the context, sender, message and receiver must be present if the leader is to purposively transfer meaning, with the view to influencing a single individual, group, organization or community (Barrett, 2006).
In her shows, for example, Oprah is able to purposively transfer meaning by not only putting her audience in the right context but also connecting with them using a multiplicity of communication skills (Klenke, 2002). This way, the celebrity is able to change her viewers in manifold ways, thus demonstrating effective leadership.
Lastly, Barrett (2006) is of the view that “leaders need to be able to analyze an audience in every situation and develop a communication strategy that facilitates accomplishing their communication objectives” (p. 386-387).
In the absence of insufficient communication skills, therefore, leaders may never be in a position to develop an effective communication strategy aimed at addressing the audience, thus may fail in their work as effective leaders. It also follows that a firm with a disjointed communication strategy many never achieve its set objectives due to underlying poor leadership, hence underlining the need to maintain a positive relationship between effective communication and effective leadership.
Conclusion Overall, this exposition has successfully demonstrated that having the capacity to communicate effectively is a primary determinant in the process of allowing an individual to move into a leadership position and that the person who gets ahead in leadership is one who develops the capacity to communicate effectively with the view to making sound leadership decisions and getting things done with and through people.
The discussion advanced in this paper not only demonstrates the difficulties involved in attempting to divorce effective communication from effective leadership, but also provides clear examples of how Oprah Winfrey has employed effective communication skills to be successful in leadership. It is therefore incoherent to assume that effective leadership can be achieved in the absence of effective communication skills and competencies.
References Aziz, K. (2003). Effective communication: The key to successful leadership. Development and Learning in Organizations, 17(5), 7-9.
Barrett, D. J. (2006). Strong communication skills a must for today’s leaders. Handbook of Business Strategy, 7(1), 385-390.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Communication and Leadership: a Discussion by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Klenke, K. (2002). Cinderella stories of women leaders’ connecting leadership contexts and competencies. Journal of Leadership and Organization Studies, 9(2), 18-22.
Walker, R. (2004). Leadership: A communication perspective. Women in Management Review, 19(1), 65-68.
What Oprah knows for sure about communicating. (2014). Web.
Providing Access to Clean Water Essay essay help: essay help
The shortage of clean water affects millions of people living in different regions of the world. For instance, one can mention Northern Africa and the Middle East since these regions are adversely affected by draughts. Moreover, this problem results in numerous diseases that can take thousands of lives . This is the main reason why this issue should not be overlooked. Additionally, it is important to remember that the lack of clean water impairs the economic development of many countries.
In particular, one can speak about the needs of farmers and industrial enterprises . One should keep in mind that in many cases, this problem is not directly related to climate, since very often people cannot get access to water due to political conflicts and economic difficulties. Overall, this issue is great concern to governmental and non-governmental organizations. These are some of the main details should be considered.
This topic is closely related to engineering since it is necessary to find technological solutions that can make water more accessible. In many cases, the countries, which are affected by this problem, may lack the technologies that can be used for water purification. While working on this problem, engineers will need to consider various factors.
For instance, very often it is necessary to remove a specific contaminant from water, and it is necessarily to design products that can be applied for this particular purpose. Additionally, one should consider such a criterion as cost-effectiveness since these technologies must be affordable to various communities. So, it is possible to say that this problem still presents a challenge to engineers. More importantly, these professionals can develop solutions that can benefit thousands or even millions of people.
Overall, there are several solutions that can be used to alleviate problem. For instance, one can speak about the desalination systems which are based on such a process as reverse osmosis (RO) .
The use of RO membrane facilitates the extraction of salt. It is important to remember that this technology has become more cost-effective. At present, the desalination of 1000 gallons of sea water costs approximately $2 . This is why this option should be overlooked by coastal communities that can significantly increase the amount of clean water which is available to them.
Additionally, it is important to consider recycling technologies. In this way, people can increase the amount for water that can be used for industrial production or irrigation . Admittedly, the water recycled in this way may not be suitable for personal uses. However, it can be of immense value to farmers and manufacturing companies that are strongly dependent on the supply of clean water.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, the use of nano-membranes can also be useful because they can remove specific pollutants from water . These technologies can be of great use to the communities that struggle with such a problem as water contamination that could have been caused some industrial activities.
Therefore, this discussion indicates that there are effective technological solutions that can increase the accessibility of clean water. Furthermore, in some cases, the cost of applying these technologies has considerably declined. Therefore, they can be of great use to low-income communities. Moreover, one can argue that engineers can work on the technological solutions that can benefit thousands of people. These are the main arguments that can be put forward.
References  “Provide access to clean water,” n.d. Web. Available: http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/cms/8996/9142.aspx .
 J. Menningmann. “RO Membrane Technology Advances Improve Global Access to Clean Water,” n.d. Web. Available: https://sgcweb.s3.wasabisys.com/wqp/s3fs-public/18_MO_RO.pdf .
Changes in Learning and Motivation with the Advent of Online Learning Report (Assessment) essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Changes in learning
Changes in motivation
Introduction In the past two decades, learning has evolved tremendously due to the introduction of new technologies that have made education more accessible. In olden days, students relied only on courses offered in colleges, universities, and other institutions of learning in order to obtain their education. However, the situation has changed. Students can now obtain their degrees through online learning.
Universities and colleges have been forced to change their learning modes in order to accommodate students who prefer online learning (Ward, 2012). This mode of learning has attracted many people because it is affordable and convenient. Institutions of learning have introduced online learning through improvement of infrastructure, incorporation of new technologies in learning, recruitment of professionals who are conversant with new technologies, and revision of curriculums in order to accommodate new models of learning.
Online learning caters for students who cannot enroll for traditional learning due to busy schedules and lack of financing. E- Learning has changed education tremendously and increased students’ motivation with regard to earning degrees and pursuing careers.
Changes in learning With the advent of online learning, learning activities and discussions took a new form. Unlike in traditional learning, online learning does not involve face-to-face interactions between instructors and students. Students develop schedules based on their availability to attend classes (Ward, 2012).
On the other hand, learners have freedom to work through course material only when they are available. Online learning gives students an opportunity to learn at their own pace thus ensuring that they grasp the content fully (Siemens, 2013). In addition, students do not sit for long hours listening to lectures.
E-learning requires high levels of discipline and responsibility on the part of the student because instructors are not present to give directions. Without discipline, many students waste their time and end up performing poorly in examinations. There are no face-to-face discussions, students decide when to attend classes, absence from class is not punished, and exchange of ideas and opinions is encouraged (Ward, 2012).
Online learning eliminated the need to commute to school every day to attend classes (Michels, 2013). Students go online and take classes at any time and from any part of the world. Focus shifted from discussions and teamwork to individual study (Siemens, 2013).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, students can opt to join online group discussions that enable them to share information and knowledge with other students. Online discussion forums are not very common because many students prefer to be autonomous (Michels, 2013). Elimination of face-to-face interactions between students and instructors changed how learning is conducted.
However, focus is mainly on interactive lessons, discussion boards, games, and chats (Siemens, 2013). These platforms offer students an opportunity to interact with instructors. Students ask questions, get clarification on unclear matters, and submit their homework. Education materials are provided in different forms that include videos, audio files, e-mails, word documents, and PDF documents.
Students with families and jobs, and people who did not complete their education opt for online education. In the United States, some states have developed programs that enable students to complete their degrees through online learning. States like Oregon and Wisconsin have programs that allow students to turn their job skills into college credits and thus reduce the number of units required to attain their degrees (Michels, 2013).
In addition, the programs also enable students to complete their degrees by offering free online courses and examinations from certified colleges. The internet has many distractions that affect the learning experiences and outcomes of students (Michels, 2013). Therefore, students need to be highly disciplined and focused in order to benefit fully from online learning.
Changes in motivation Factors that motivate students to register for online learning include busy schedules, family responsibilities, unavailability of resources, and convenience (Cull, 2010). People who wish to advance their careers while working usually enroll for online learning because they attend classes when they are free. In today’s world, more job opportunities are available to people who have pursued higher education such as master’s and postgraduate degrees (Cull, 2010).
The cost of higher learning has nearly doubled in the past two decades. High cost of education has played a grandiose role in denying many students an opportunity to get their education (Cull, 2010). Competing for job opportunities then becomes difficult because many employers prefer applicants who have pursued higher education. Education is one of the most important factors that facilitate the shift to middle class. Therefore, online learning helps students who cannot afford higher education to pursue their careers cheaply.
Many universities and colleges have been criticized for increasing the cost of education, offering low quality education, and being unwilling to embrace technology in order to offer opportunities to more students (Koller, 2012).
We will write a custom Assessment on Changes in Learning and Motivation with the Advent of Online Learning specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The declining quality of education has emanated from unavailability of sufficient instructors to handle the high number of students (Cull, 2010). The introduction of online learning enabled colleges to manage the sizes of their classes because many students opted for the new system. Traditional learning is very expensive compared to online learning.
Differences in cost emanate from the need to pay tuition fees, purchase learning materials, and remunerate instructors (Koller, 2012). However, costs such as purchase of online materials and tuition fees are non-existent in online learning. Students only pay registration fees, examination fees, and a small amount of money to cater for learning materials and the remuneration of instructors.
Another factor that motivates students to study online is the availability of information and the broad reach of online learning (McKnight, 2011). Universities and colleges are able to offer their services to people who are unable to attend classes at campuses. This has led to the elimination of boundaries for recruitment because the quality of education offered is of high quality.
The internet is awash with information that can be used by students for learning purposes (Koller, 2012). The ease of retrieving information and the diversity of learning materials render online education beneficial and convenient. Students do not have to spend money buying books or printing learning material. In addition, there are different types of teaching aids such as videos and audio files that make learning more enjoyable.
Students have different learning capabilities that are sufficiently addressed and accommodated in online learning (McKnight, 2011). Students create their own learning schedules and explore methods that ensure proper comprehension of learning material (Koller, 2012). In traditional learning, instructors do not tailor their teaching methods to accommodate the different learning needs of students. They use methods that they deem appropriate for all students.
This results in poor performance and low quality degrees. For example, some students understand better using visual aids (McKnight, 2011). The availability of different learning methods has made online learning very popular. Students are motivated to pursue their education because they decide how, where, and what they learn (Koller, 2012). The independence created by online learning is a great motivating factor.
Finally, e-learning facilitates sharing of knowledge and information by students around the world. Students can share learning materials such as videos, electronic books, journals, and PDF documents for learning purposes (McKnight, 2011).
On the other hand, they can use discussion boards and chats to discuss pertinent issues with professionals from different parts of the world. The internet contains many platforms that students can use to retrieve information. For example, Khan Academy is a platform that is used by students to obtain information on different topics that include history, mathematics, physics, and chemistry (Koller, 2012).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Changes in Learning and Motivation with the Advent of Online Learning by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion New technologies have contributed largely to changes in ways through which different people get their degrees from institutions of learning. Many students have access to education because technology facilitates learning in many ways. Online learning has changed how people obtain degrees in many ways.
It has motivated more people to pursue education by increasing independence, autonomy, and improving decision making. In addition, it has offered an opportunity to people who have families and jobs to pursue higher education. Many people prefer online education to traditional education because t is more convenient and cheaper.
There are innumerable online sources of information that students can access freely. For example, search engines like Google and Yahoo provide a platform that students can use to retrieve information from the internet. The availability of visual aids such as videos, graphs, and pictures make the learning experience enjoyable.
References Cull, S. (2010). Student Motivation and Engagement in Online Courses. Web.
Koller, D. (Executive Producer). (2012). What we are Learning from Online Education (Video File). Web.
McKnight, K. (2011). Top 12 Ways Technology Changed Learning. Web.
Michels, S. (Executive Producer). (2013). How Free Online Courses are Changing Traditional Education (Video File). Web.
Siemens, G. (Executive Producer). (2013). Connecting Learners: Technology, Change and Higher Education (video file). Web.
Ward, D. (2012). Why Online Education has Gained Revolutionary Momentum. Web.
Ethics as a Theme in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Essay online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Monster Gone Mad
Introduction Frankenstein is a classical novel designed by Mary Shelley. It explains the process by which human beings can create monsters. The novel brings to the fore many aspects relating to morality and ethics. In the novel, some names used in reference to the monster include the demon, the ogre, the devil, or the thing. The name Frankenstein owes its origin to the creator of the monster, Victor Frankenstein.
From childhood, Frankenstein has been having an interest in science. Still, he later develops more interest in chemistry and goes ahead to assemble humanoids and creates a living creature, the ogre. The creature goes out of Frankenstein’s control and kills several individuals, including Frankenstein’s younger brother William and Elizabeth. Therefore, this essay argues that the story of Frankenstein is about a monster that goes mad and provides moral judgments concerning the scientist, Frankenstein, and the monster.
Frankenstein’s Story Frankenstein is a story about a monster designed by Victor Frankenstein after developing an excessive obsession with the concept of creating a living thing, especially in chemistry. From the novel, it is evident that humans drove the monster into a state of madness when they subjected it to hatred and rejection, and thus the monster’s madness emerged due to the treatment it receives from society.
After its creation, rejection and hatred subjected to the creature made it run out of control, and as a consequence, Frankenstein runs away from his creation. The monster undertakes many horrific activities soon after its creation.
The horrific activities awakened by Frankenstein’s creation scares Frankenstein, and he runs away from the creature. Some of the scary activities that the ogre engages in include murder of people such as Elizabeth and Frankenstein’s younger brother William. When the monster becomes lonely, it beseeches its creator to make a female monster to act as his companion and relieve loneliness. After Frankenstein refuses to create a female companion, the creature avenges by killing Elizabeth.
Monster Gone Mad According to Shelley, the novelist, the creature becomes mad when it realizes that everyone in the society does not appreciate or like its existence. Frankenstein, the monster’s creator, runs away from it, thus commencing a series of rejections subjected to the monster. The monster decides to kill human beings after it fails to receive love, affection, and appreciation from them.
The creature expected to find love and acceptance from society; however, it encounters hatred and rejection. These feelings of hatred and rejection of the society make the monster mad, and it develops a negative attitude towards humankind, which compels it to avenge by killing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From the novel, the monster is a sensitive, emotional, and intelligent being, as it has learned the basic human duties like dressing, speaking, and reading within 11 months. Therefore, the novel clarifies that the madness of the monster is due to rejection and isolation it experiences. The rejection and isolation of the creature drove it to a state of loneliness and anger towards humanity.
More about Frankenstein Who Was the Youngest Alphonse Frankenstein’s Son? 5 45 How Many Frankenstein Plays Exist? 5 20 What Does the “Frankenstein Complex” Mean? 5 42 How is the Theme of Nature vs. Nurture in Frankenstein Used? 5 75 Describe the Island Where Frankenstein Created a She-Monster 5 22 In What Way Did the Monster Take Revenge of Frankenstein? 5 58 In the novel, the monster appears to be a lonely creature, especially after everyone in the society, including his creator Frankenstein, rejected it. This loneliness is clear when the creature begs Frankenstein to design a female companion of the same kind. In her novel, Shelley depicts that the monster has the sole objective of sharing love, affection, and feelings with another one of its kind.
However, loneliness, hatred, and rejection lead the monster to kill a quest to avenge humanity. Hence, the monster had no intention of killing or engaging in any vice, but since society fails to show love, appreciation, and compassion, it decides to engage in the vice of killing. Hence, it is clear that humans made the monster to become mad. Furthermore, Frankenstein’s refusal to create a female companion maddened the monster.
Moral Judgments From the ethical and moral perspective, Frankenstein is determined, goal-oriented, and purpose-driven, which are the qualities of a morally praiseworthy individual. Frankenstein works hard until he succeeds in creating a living thing regardless of objections and discouragements from friends who raised questions about the animal’s existence. Individuals who have moral praiseworthy have traits like determination, goal-oriented, assertiveness, passion, and self-control, Feinstein practiced these traits.
Thus, the novel portrays Frankenstein as a determined young man who is morally praiseworthy. On the other hand, the monster fails to meet the ethical and moral requirements, since it starts to kill humans when it realizes that they do not like its existence. The monster fails to create a positive impression in the minds of individuals but, in turn, embarks on a mission to avenge by killing humans.
Conclusion Frankenstein is a myth that demonstrates how the monster goes mad due to the treatment he receives from society. Some of the factors that make the creature to become mad include rejection, hatred, lowliness, and isolation from society. Therefore, the monster decides to kill humans since they fail to love and appreciate their existence. As the monster becomes lonely, it beseeches Frankenstein to make a female companion, but when Frankenstein refuses to do so, the monster goes mad and starts killing humans.
From the novel, the ogre fails to meet ethical requirements like assertiveness, love, compassion, and self-control. Frankenstein demonstrates determination and objectivity until he successfully creates the monster despite the discouragements from society. However, the monster fails to adhere to the ethical principles of society, but it decides to avenge by killing humans.
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The Last Emperor Analytical Essay college application essay help
In this video production of ‘The Last emperor’, the audience is immersed deep back into the 1950s where Puyi, who was previously under the custody of the Russians, attempts to take his own life in Fushun prison while under the custody of the Chinese government for his role in a number or war crimes.
Fortunately for him, Puyi’s attempts at taking his own life are unsuccessful and he is only rendered unconscious. It is at this point that the creators of this movie; Jeremy Thomas and movie director Bernardo Bertolucci, take the viewers back to 1902 when Empress Dowager Cixi announces that Puyi will succeed her as the new emperor of China. Puyi’s rise to power earns him the title “The Son of Heaven”.
The Last Emperor movie is one of the most amazing anti-heroes of contemporary times; an oriental Peter Pan perched like a stopper on the rivulet of history. His life embraces the entire century from the end of the Qing Empire to the first democracy of Sun Yat Sen; from the Japanese incursion to the State of Manchukuo, where Pu Yi becomes a marionette emperor controlled by the Japanese.
The movie see’s china through very crucial stages of its development in the Second World War and more importantly its development into a republic. The movie provides a clear and detailed transition of power of china from an empire to a republic.
Historically, it is unlikely for a former leader to be subjected to such hostile conditions as seen in the beginning of the movie. Having been imprisoned by the Russian authorities for five years and now by the Chinese officials, Puyi attempts suicide shortly after arrival at the Fushun Prison. Unfortunately for him, his suicide mission fails, and it only rendered him unconscious.
It is here that we are acknowledged about Puyi’s encounter with Empress Dowager Cixi; Lisa Lu, back in 1902 at the Forbidden City, Beijing. On her deathbed, Cixi publicizes that Puyi will be the new emperor of China. Puyi rises to power as a young emperor after being placed on the Dragon Throne and being crowned “The Son of Heaven”. Four years later, Puyi’s father is enforced to renounce all majestic authority to republicans.
A few years later, the Second World War begins and forces nations to adopt some very unusual tactics in order to stay afloat. International political warfare became a common occurrence, and this marked the beginning of the end of Puyi’s political career. Immediately after the Second World War, Puyi is captured and consequently spends 5 years in a Russian Prison.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This was mostly due to his role as the ‘Japanese Puppet Emperor’ of Manchuko, during the Second World War. Puyi testified against his former Japanese associates during the Tokyo crime trials. Later on in the movie Puyi is repatriated to China, where he is intimidated by interrogators to officially relinquish his obligatory cooperation, with the majestic Japanese invaders for war crimes during their tenure in China during the Second World War.
Shortly after a row ensues between Puyi and the camp commanding officer, and after having watched a misinformed film about the war crimes committed by the Japanese, Puyi renounced his previous confessions and was consequently rehabilitated and re-educated by the Chinese government after renouncing his previous political allies. The movie ends on a sad note with the death of Puyi in 1967 in a flash-forward which takes us to mid 1960 during the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
In addition to the theme of ‘a fall from power’, the movie producer has also brought out the theme of Political Unrest quite well. At the beginning of the film, the producer has been able to introduce a very serine political environment at the time during which power is passed on to Puyi by the Empress.
However, after a short while, the political setup takes a turn for the worst after China is made a republic. At this point, Puyi is made to step down from his position as emperor; an event that encourages him to migrate to Tianjin with his family. The sudden change of power is brought about by the political unrest that was being experienced in the country at the time.
The Second World War takes place at the same time, an event which many people credit to be as a result of the political turbulence that prevailed in not only that country, but in other countries as well. Additionally, the apparent parallels between the regulation and constitution of the majestic court, and the regulation and constitution of Maoist China, make a subtle but outstanding point of the different schools of thought and mindset of political leaders during this era.
The other theme that clearly comes out in the movie is that of ‘family’, and the producers of the film have been keen on developing it throughout the course of the storyline. This is clearly brought out in the movie, especially at the point where Puyi is in his adulthood, and we are brought to the reality of the emperor’s polygamous life (where he is portrayed to have had two wives).
This only makes life harder for Puyi, especially after they get driven out of the Forbidden City, and things do not go too smoothly for the sovereigns. Later on in the movie, we find out that Puyi is not only a polygamist, but also a ‘playboy’ as his various escapades with other women (not his wives) are revealed.
We will write a custom Essay on The Last Emperor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, it is worth noting that although different themes have been developed throughout the storyline of the movie, the theme of ‘fall from power’ was the strongest one, since the producers dedicated a lot of screen-time to show Puyi’s rise to power, his imprisonment for his participation in war crimes, and his death as a simple gardener working for the state.
While in prison, the movie’s producers show that Puyi had to fend for himself for the first time; this was meant to emphasize the theme of ‘fall from power’. This theme was an important part of the film as it aided in outlining the political unrest that was experienced during this period, which was a catalyst to the Second World War.
‘Family’ as a theme, however, was the weakest theme in the film and it was only incorporated into the movie to help develop Puyi’s character as a selfish leader who seeks self gratification at whatever cost, including causing emotional pain to his loyal wife. This trait was emphasized by Puyi’s playboy behavior and his marriage to another woman. Through this, we are able to understand the motivation behind Puyi’s liaison with the enemy during the war.
The movie ends on a sad note with the death of Puyi in 1967 in a flash-forward which takes us to the mid 1960’s, an era that marked the beginning of the Cultural Revolution in China.
This is the most memorable aspect of the film because Puyi’s death was symbolic of the birth of modernization and the death of traditionalism. Most people today are fascinated with Chinese culture, their contribution to technological advancement, and their booming economy, but they are not aware of the cultural transformation that the nation has gone through over the years.
Are Japan, Korea, and China different or similar? Essay college essay help
Very often, the word Asians is used to refer to people who may come from Korea, Japan, or China. Moreover, it is sometimes assumed that they represent a group that is homogeneous in terms of cultural values, political beliefs, or attitudes. This is one of the main misconceptions that should be avoided while discussing these countries.
This paper is aimed at determining whether Korea, China, and Japan are similar or different from one another. In particular, it is necessary to examine the cultural and educational dimensions, since they can help a person understand the relations among these countries.
Moreover, one should speak about the political culture of these nations. Much attention should be paid to the impact of Confucianism on these countries and the role of individuality in these cultures. Overall, it is possible to argue that unlike Japan and Korea, Chine be described as a more collectivist society in which Confucian values continue to influence the functioning of the educational system and the interactions between people. These are the main arguments that should be elaborated in greater detail.
When discussing these countries, one should first examine the role of Confucianism, since this philosophical system affected the development of these nations. There are various principles that are incorporated into this ethical teaching. First of all, according to Confucianism, the perfection of the world can be achieved, provided that a person strives to eliminate his/her own flaws (Goldin 5).
To a great extent, this moral teaching urges a person to reflect upon one’s own errors (Goldin 5). More importantly, Confucianism implies that the society should be governed by people who have acquired wisdom (Goldin 5).
The main issue is that this ethical theory does not encourage a person to take part in the active protest against the state or the existing social hierarchy. This is one of the main details that should be considered since it is helpful for understanding the differences between these nations. The state ideology of China has not always been driven by Confucianism. Nevertheless, Chine culture is traditionally associated with this system of philosophy (Kang 26).
Furthermore, China did not attempt to impose Confucianism on Korea or Japan because this state did not want to become a global empire (Kang 26). However, these countries were willing to use the cultural heritage of China for their own purposes (Kang 26). Overall, it is possible to argue that Confucianism was partly accepted in Japan, but it was only one of the philosophical traditions. More importantly, in Japan, the government was controlled by people who represented the warrior culture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In many cases, they did not accept the Confucian notion of literati or scholars who should represent the state. In contrast, in Korea, the power was assumed by people who claimed the title of scholars or sages. These are some of the main distinctions that should be considered. Admittedly, the supporters of Confucianism can be found in each of these three countries. Nevertheless, its legacies are particularly influential in China and Korea. This is one of the aspects that can be identified.
Additionally, it is important to remember about the role of education in these states. In each of these countries, students are required to meet high educational standards. Nevertheless, there are some peculiarities that should be considered. One should focus on the philosophical and ethical values that underlie this process.
In particular, it is important to remember Confucian academies were often important educational centers (Kang 26). Therefore, the ethical principles of this teaching are partly incorporated in the ethical education of children. These are the main details that can be identified. This argument is also relevant if one speaks about Korea. Nevertheless, the education in Japan was also shaped by Buddhist tradition which has always been influential in this country.
Moreover, one should keep in mind that these countries have different political cultures. To a great extent, they were involved in the Cold War, and they represented the opposing sides (Cumming 3).
As a result, these nations often became geopolitical opponents (Cumming 3). Japan and South Korea can be regarded as very developed democracies in which the individual rights of citizens are recognized and enforced. In contrast, China is a more collectivist society, and to some degree, this tendency can be described by the enduring role of communism on the development of this state.
Overall, people, who represent these nations, are acutely of their differences. Nevertheless, one should keep in mind these differences are more likely to become less noticeable due to the impacts of globalization on these cultures. Therefore, it is not possible to say that China, Japan, and Korea can remain impervious to the influence of other countries. Such an assumption can prevent a person from understanding these countries. This is one of the counter-arguments that should not be disregarded.
To a great extent, this discussion is aimed at breaking many of the existing stereotypes about these countries. In cases, they can be explained by the early encounters of Europeans and Americans with people from Asian countries, especially China (Thompson, Stanley, and Perry 31). At that time, Western merchants were often met with hostility or suspicion (Thompson, Stanley, and Perry 31). In contrast, European travelers did not fully understand the culture of a country that was entirely unknown to them.
We will write a custom Essay on Are Japan, Korea, and China different or similar? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, in many cases, the misconceptions about Asian cultures and countries can affect the attitudes of policy-makers or governmental officials even nowadays (Awanohara 15). For instance, some governmental officials tend to portray Japanese people in a stereotypical way, and such descriptions are often inaccurate (Awanohara 15). These examples are important for showing that it is critical to understand the cultural heritage of various Asian nations. This is why these issues should not be overlooked.
Therefore, it is possible to argue that people should recognize the differences between China, Korea, and Japan, since this knowledge is important for interacting with people who come from these countries. Much attention should be paid to the impact of Confucianism on the development on these societies.
In particular, this philosophical system is particularly influential in China and Korea, while in Japan, it is only one of the ethical traditions. To a great extent, this difference can be useful for explaining the way in which people are educated in these countries. Moreover, one should concentrate on the political culture of these states. China can be described as a more collectivist society in which the interests of the community are more important than the interests of an individual. These are the main issues that can be identified.
Works Cited Awanohara, Susumu. “Paradigm Paranoia: CIA Report Warns of Japanese Economic Domination.” Far Eastern Economic Review, 152.26 (1991): 15-16. Print.
Cumming, Bruce. “We look at it and see ourselves.” London Review of Books, 27.14 (2005): 1-14. Print.
Goldin, Paul. Confucianism, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. Print.
Kang, David. “States: The Confucian Society.” East Asia Before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute. Ed. David Kang. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. 25-54. Print.
Thompson, James, Peter Stanley, and John Perry. Sentimental Imperialists: The American Experience in East Asia, Cambridge: Harper
Leonardo Da Vinci Essay essay help: essay help
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci or better known as Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was a renowned Italian genius and perhaps a man of immeasurable curiosity and an inventive mind. His multiple talents enabled him to do many things in different fields including painting, writing, architecture, engineering, geology, anatomy, and botany among others (Veltman 381).
Despite his diverse talents, Leonardo is well known for his works in art, particularly painting whereby he produced some of the most famous paintings such as the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and the Vitruvian Man among many more (Emmer 449; Mills 39). On the other hand, being an illegitimate son of a notary and a peasant woman did little to undermine Leonardo’s quest to excel in different fields, which ranged from painting to science and technology. Arguably, Leonardo was perhaps the greatest mind of the Renaissance era.
Background Youth and Early Years
Leonardo was born and raised in Italy under the protection of his father and stepmothers. He spent most of his youth working at Verrocchio’s workshop and learning the laws of science and nature after he had been informally educated in geometry and mathematics. His stay at Verrocchio’s workshop gave him the necessary exposure and experience in painting, which saw him becoming one of the painting masters at the age of 20, and he received recognition by the Guild of St Luke (Budd 13; Emmer 450).
His Greatest Works
Some of Leonardo’s greatest works to date have been in painting more than in science and technology. One of Leonardo’s most famous works include The Last Supper, which was done in the 1490s. The painting captures Jesus’ last moments with the 12 disciples, specifically at the moment where he reminded them that one among the disciples would betray him.
The other great work by Leonardo is the Mona Lisa, which he painted in the 1500s, and it is arguably one of the most famous paintings in the world to date. Apart from painting, Leonardo created several drawings in science and technology such as the Vitruvian Man and the picture of a fetus in the womb (Clayton and Philo 8-12).
A Renaissance Man
Leonardo was a genius and a true Renaissance man owing to his extensive talents that extended far beyond painting and drawing. Following in the footsteps of other Renaissance humanists of his time, Leonardo had developed a keen interest in establishing the relationship between art and science.
Accordingly, he had varied interests in science and technology, particularly in anatomy, optics, and hydraulics whereby he came up with some original pieces of inventions. This interest in science and technology had a great influence on Leonardo’s paintings and drawings (Mills 39).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Level of Acclaim Acquired
Leonardo commands admiration and respect from other painters, critics, and fans in equal measure. His fame and reputation increases by the day, especially considering the number of people who travel long distances and pay a lot of money just to have a glimpse at his famous pieces of art.
The young generation is also keeping up with the pace by purchasing merchandises that contain Leonardo’s most famous paintings and drawings. On the other hand, writers around the globe have written extensively on Leonardo’s talent, and his private life is at the center of numerous speculations (Emmer 449-453).
Struggles and Challenges Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Dyslexia
Many writers have observed that Leonardo was suffering from ADD owing to his inability to finish all the projects that he started. Actually, there are about 15 paintings created by Leonardo, which survive to date while most of his works produced disastrous results because of his constant desire to experiment with new painting techniques.
This is a typical symptom of ADD, which causes one to get distracted so easily. Other writers have noted that Leonardo was dyslexic because he used to write from right-to-left without being consciously aware (Emmer 449-453).
Struggles with the Church
As noted earlier, Leonardo was a true Renaissance humanist. The proponents of Renaissance humanism focused on art and science as well as other human concerns that were not relevant in the church. Hence, Leonardo and his colleagues pursued different interests concerning humanity such as the Greek and Roman philosophy and historiography, which contradicted the teachings of the Medieval Christian Church of their time.
For instance, instead of being pre-occupied with worldly issues, most Renaissance humanists tended to promote human interests that improved human life. Moreover, Renaissance humanists were the major promoters of anti-church and anti-clerical sentiments during Leonardo’s era. Hence, Renaissance humanism and its ideologies were in stark contrast with the medieval ideals (Veltman 385).
Keeping his Work Private
Leonardo tried to keep his works private using his notebooks, which he wrote in mirror-image handwritings. Most people belief that Leonardo preferred the “backwards” handwriting as a way of ensuring that he maintained secrecy. However, there are those who view his actions as an unconscious form of left-handedness whereby an individual writes from right-to-left without being aware of it.
We will write a custom Essay on Leonardo Da Vinci specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a typical feature of most dyslexics whose left-handedness is not considered as a problem, but a gift. In Leonardo’s case, his dyslexic gift was used to conceal details in his pieces of artwork including sketches, painting ideas, and even scientific inventions (Mills 39-42; Veltman 383). However, after his death, some of Leonardo’s private notes have found their way into the hands of third parties.
His Contributions In Art
Leonardo was the most talented artist of his time. He produced the most famous paintings and drawings, and introduced different painting techniques such as the Chiaroscuro, which is a technique he used to create a contrast between light and dark colors. Moreover, Leonardo introduced the sfumato painting technique, which promoted the use of smoky effects in paintings.
The other painting techniques introduced by Leonardo include linear perspective and the use of light and shadow in paintings. Linear perspective is a technique used by Leonardo to give his paintings life and a three-dimensional look. Furthermore, his knowledge of human anatomy enabled him to create graphic, proportionate, and real paintings (Mills 39; Veltman 383).
Apart from painting, drawing, and sculpture, Leonardo was also talented in science, engineering, and technology. Leonardo’s most famous contributions arose from his attempt to create a connection between science and art. He attempted to understand science from an observational perspective, and in so doing, he developed an understanding of the anatomy of humans and various animals.
This is evidenced in his drawings of human embryos, the human skeleton, the human backbone, the human circulatory system, and the muscles among other anatomical structures. His understanding of the human anatomy helped him to develop the first robot. He also drew several diagrams regarding his engineering inventions such as the self-pumping waterwheel, the overbalancing hammer wheel, and the rolling ball wheel among others (Mills 39-42).
Why Study Leonardo Today
After examining Leonardo’s early life, his struggles and challenges as well as his contributions to art and science, it is important to look at his worth in the contemporary fields of art and science. In the modern society, science and technology plays a huge role in almost every aspect of human life starting with communication, transportation, and even medicine.
Leonardo’s early attempts to create a connection between art and science are useful for the modern artist who is looking for ways to use the dynamic advances in science and technology for the benefit of visual art. Hence, Leonardo da Vinci deserves attention because of his ideas on the fusion between art and science (Veltman 384-385).
Conclusion Leonardo da Vinci was the most multi-talented individual to have graced the Renaissance era and even the contemporary society. Leonardo’s long-lasting fame and reputation arose from his talents in painting and drawing. He managed to produce several paintings and drawings, which were famous and influential during his time.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Leonardo Da Vinci by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He was also a true Renaissance humanist having championed human interests that produced the greatest good for all. His contributions in art and science are also worth mentioning considering that he was the first to use some of the well-known painting techniques besides conceiving some of the greatest scientific and engineering inventions of his time. Lastly, Leonardo’s attempt to relate art and science earned him the honors of being studied today because his ideas are quite fascinating.
Works Cited Budd, Denise A. “Leonardo da Vinci and Workshop Practice: The Role of the Dated Notation.” The Journal of the History of Art 10.1(2009): 13-39. Print.
Clayton, Martin C., and Ronald Philo. Leonardo Da Vinci: The Mechanics of Man. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Publications, 2010. Print.
Emmer, Michelle. “A Film on Leonardo da Vinci by Luciano Emmer.” Leonardo 42.5(2009): 449-453. Print.
Mills, Allan A. “Leonardo da Vinci and Perpetual Motion.” Leonardo 41.1(2008): 39-42. Print.
Veltman, Kim H. “Leonardo da Vinci: A Review.” Leonardo 41.4(2008): 381-388. Print.
Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts Expository Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Distinction between Gifts of the Spirit and Fruits of the Spirit
The Gift of Speaking in Tongues
Baptism in the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is the part of the Holy Trinity responsible for one’s conversion to Christ. The Holy Spirit bestows spiritual gifts, protects the Christian faithful from sin and inspires the fruits of the Spirit. The Holy Spirit also enhances Christian understanding of the Scripture and confers the gifts on certain faithful. This paper looks at the gift of speaking in tongues and its relevance today.
Distinction between Gifts of the Spirit and Fruits of the Spirit Spiritual Gifts are conferred on Christians by God to empower them to finish the tasks which He has identified them to execute. Spiritual gifts are different from the fruits of the Spirit.
While the Fruits of the Spirit can be found in anyone, Spiritual gifts are conferred by God on special faithful in correspondence with their service to the body of Christ (Towns 307). Spiritual gifts can increase or shift as a Christian matures in faith. On the other hand, the Fruits of the Sprit concern Christian spiritual nature as conveyed and demonstrated by Jesus Christ (Exodus 20).
Fruits of the Spirit include mercy, love, faithfulness, self-control, compassion and justice, and are part of Christians’ spiritual principles (Gal. 5: 22-23). Spiritual gifts, on the other hand, include apostleship, healing, discernment and teaching.
The fruits of the Spirit such as kindness and love indicate some level of maturity in the faithful and cannot be attained by rudimentary devotion. Spiritual gifts, on the other hand, are bestowed on Christians irrespective of their level of maturity in the Christian faith. Spiritual maturity is achieved through the prosperity of the Fruits of the Spirit and by making use of the spiritual gifts to serve the Lord.
The Gift of Speaking in Tongues In its biblical definition, the gift of speaking in tongues (glossolalia) is compared to the gift of prophecy. Several theologians postulate that the gift of speaking in tongues and other gifts including healing, apostleship and interpretation of tongues are no longer relevant into modern Christian ministry (Elwell 1209).
During its inception, the early Church relied considerably on the gifts of the Spirit to convert new followers and spread the Word (1 Cor. 22). Though there were manuscripts in distribution during the era of the early Church, there was no recognized Canon before the Vulgate of the Fourth Century (Towns 256). The gifts were, therefore, useful in communicating the word of God and spreading the message of Christ.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A lot of confusion and excitement have surrounded the gift of glossolalia in the recent past. The biblical passages that talk about the gift of tongues ought to be examined in order to establish its application and importance to Christian ministry. The gift of tongues has two main uses in the Church.
The first use is that of initiation aimed at confirming a new bond in the Church (1 Cor. 12:4-11). It is also a special gift bestowed upon certain individuals selected from the Church. Upon contrasting the gifts of tongues and prophecy, Paul concludes that it is better for a believer to have the gift of prophecy for speaking in tongues only serves the person who has the gift unless there is someone to interpret the tongues to the Church. Prophecy, on the contrary, serves to edify the whole church.
Baptism in the Holy Spirit The first time we come across the idea of baptism by the Holy Spirit in the Bible is when John the Baptist is talking about the coming of Jesus Christ, whom he says will baptize using the Spirit and fire (Matt. 3:11). This kind of baptism can only occur once a person is willing to submit himself completely to Christ (Elwell 137).
However, it is not a substitute to baptism by water, which signifies the death of the old sinful person and the birth of a new Christian. Even Christ himself, who would baptize with the Holy Spirit, was Himself baptized in water. In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul warns that no person can say that Jesus is Lord except by the Holy Spirit. Therefore, one needs to give his life to Christ completely before he can receive the Holy Spirit.
Though all gifts of the Spirit are indications of Christians who have been baptized in the Holy Spirit, the Scriptures caution believers to look out for gifts of false prophets who can mislead them. It is, however, fallacious to imply that there is a necessary relationship between speaking in tongues and baptism by the Holy Spirit. Although a section of Christians possesses the gift of glossolalia, this gift is not an ultimate indication of baptism by the Spirit and should not be used be used to overlook those who do not possess the gift.
Relevance Today Despite the fact that there are other gifts that seem desirable and relevant, the gift of speaking in tongues is still relevant in the Church today. Some groups of people use Paul’s teachings in 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 to suggest that some gifts such as speaking in tongues and prophecy have become irrelevant today. Paul asserts that spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues and the gift of prophecy will cease when we no longer have use for them (1 Cor. 13:8-10).
If we take Paul’s teaching in the context of the entire book of 1 Corinthians, we realize that the meaning of Paul’s statement refers to the passing away of spiritual gifts when Christians get to know God as He knows them. The gifts will cease when the Christians get to meet God face-to-face. This means that spiritual gifts, including the gift of tongues, should persist until the second coming of Christ, and should continue being part of daily Christian worship.
We will write a custom Essay on Pneumatology: Spiritual Gifts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Elwell, Walter. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2001. Print.
Towns, Elmer. Theology of Today, Mason, OH: Thomson Custom Solutions Center, 2001. Print.
Fashion Styles in 19-20th Centuries Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents 1800-1830: Stockings
1831-1865: The age of Crinolines
1866-1900: Evolution of men’s coat
1901-1919: A shift toward lighter swimwear
Fashion and clothing styles have changed over the ages. However, not all fashion has become obsolete and redundant. Many of the vintage trends in clothing have been revived and are followed even until the present day. This essay is an exploration goes the styles of the nineteenth century and how they are still influencing modern sense of fashion. The essay is divided into four parts based on the following time-period – 1800-30, 1831-65, 1870-1900, and 1901-19.
1800-1830: Stockings Figure 1: Women’s stockings made of silk, embroidered, and instep for the ankle from 1805 (Kyoto Contume Institute ). The second picture is a silk stocking worn in the 1950s.
The style during the early nineteenth century was still formal and was highly influenced by the French fashion. However, certain items used during the time are still in use for formal dressing among the clothing items of men and women. Women’s wear was high waisted, formal, and graceful style. It was during this period that first high-waited style entered the vintage fashion, with the use of girdle used for the first time right under the bust line to show greater flow of the skirt. The underwear that is today used is a remembrance of the style that evolved in the early nineteenth century. For instance, the flesh colored stockings and pantaloons that were worn under the dresses.
These were used in the same way in 1800s as women today use flesh tones bra or briefs. The item that is still being used in the modern times in various forms – stockings, long socks, leggings etc. stockings became an essential part of woman’s attire in the early nineteenth century for it not only provided women an ease from the winter cold but also helped to keep a “woman’s modesty” intact.
The main importance of stockings even today remains the same. In the early nineteenth century, the stockings were used for horse-riding fashion for men. It was in the end of the sixteenth century that it was transformed into something that women could wear as underwear. However, in the early twentieth century with the rise of the hemlines in dresses, the use of stocking increased again. Hence, stockings are important part of fashion since early nineteenth century.
1831-1865: The age of Crinolines Figure 2: Wide hoop crinoline used in the mid-19th century (The Mint Museaum)
Figure 3: Modern use of crinoline in short skirts or full evening gowns (Claire)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the mid nineteenth century, the use of crinoline became prevalent. The advent of the wide hoop crinoline was significant development for the fashion of women of the era who found a relief in the new invention. This ensured a freedom for them from numerous petticoats they earlier had to wear to give greater flair to the gowns. The wider hoops made their waistline look narrower. The style evolved in the 1850s, and the word crinoline meaning a “rigid skirt” (Mortal Journey).
The modern adaptation of the crinoline is often found in the evening gown and wedding dresses that are worn with full flared skirt (Lord 180). However, in the later part of the nineteenth century the cage shape of the crinoline was modified with the hoops forming only on the backside. This modified crinoline was called the crinolettes.
The cultural significance of the crinoline is in showing off the beauty of the women. The waist of women was an element of beauty, and the thinner the waists, the more beautiful they looked. The emphasis o n the hourglass shaped body was emphasized by the use of corsets and crinolines that helped in creating a small waistline and a wife bust and hip.
The enhanced hip was with the air of the crinolines that created a bell jar shape to the bottom part of the woman’s body. In the modern times, though crinolines are not widely used for everyday purpose, but the basic insistence on a thin waist still exists. Hence, while a dress is to be worn for a special occasion, dresses are made keeping the basic idea of the crinoline on mind and provide a flared skirt that would enhance the thinness of the waist.
1866-1900: Evolution of men’s coat Figure 4: A fine wool morning coat form 1870-5 (Victoria and Albert Museum). The second is a modern version of a fine wool coat
Men’s fashion has not undergone a lot of change since the late nineteenth century. There has been a change in the style of men’s fashion. The morning is a classic example of the evolution of single breasted jackets that are so often worn today. These coats were also known as the “riding coats”.
The design of these coats was an amalgamation of a riding coat and a frock coat that was usually worn in the evenings. The cut of the coats were such that they fell back elegantly in the back like a skirt. The morning coat that is shown in the figure below is an example of the coat that came into fashion in the 1870s and was popularly known as the “University” or the “Angle fronted” coat (Victoria and Albert Museum).
We will write a custom Essay on Fashion Styles in 19-20th Centuries specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The collar of these morning coats were cut in acute angle and the backside of the garment dropped to form the coat until the waist. It was used for wearing at daytime for work or other non-formal activity. In the description of the coat presented at Victoria and Albert Museum an excerpt from the book Manners for Men (1897) states, “For morning wear the morning-coat or jacket of the tweed suit is correct.
After lunch, when in town, the well-dressed man may continue to wear his morning coat or the regulation frock-coat, with trousers of some neat, striped grey mixture.” (Victoria and Albert Museum)
Men wear similar coats today, with less elaborate collars, but following the basic design of the early morning coats. The neck of the coats is cut in acute angle as their predecessors’ and falls back as a skirt in the back.
1901-1919: A shift toward lighter swimwear Figure 5: 1910 swimwear (Hsueh)
This was the era of haute couture that showed a woman’s silhouette. The dress worn by the women then flaunted low busts and very thin waistline accentuated by the tight corsets.
However, later the skirts started loosing its length and the glimpse of the ankles were visible. In the beginning of the twentieth century, the skirts were long and full. In the post 1910 era until the beginning of the World War I, there is an emphasis on flatter bust and slim hips. Women’s dresses no longer had the bustles or the trains that were considered the fashion previously. Since 1914, with the beginning of the war, the attention on fashion was drawn away from design and then to the material.
The fashion item that is discussed in this era is the women’s swimwear. Swimming is a sport was enjoyed in the western countries for long, however, women used to wear their regular clothes that were cumbersome to the beach. However, in the early twentieth century there was a shift in the popular swimwear designs for women, when fashion designers brought in more relaxed, and smaller swimwear, as shown in figure 5. Evidently, this was the time when the women’s swimwear was becoming briefer and lighter.
Works Cited Claire. 2010. “The Fashion Bomb’s Fall 2010 Haute Couture Review : Chanel, Christian Dior, Valentino, And More!” 2010. Fashion Bomb Daily. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Fashion Styles in 19-20th Centuries by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hsueh, Roselyn. 2009. “Vintage Swimwear and Bathing Beauties – 1900′s – 1920′s.” 2009. Clamour Daze. Web.
Lord, W. B. The Corset and the Crinoline: An Illustrated History. London: Dover Publications, 2007. Print.
Mortal Journey. 2011. “The Crinoline/Hoop Skirt Craze of the 1850′s and 1860′s.” 2011. Mortal Journey. Web.
Kyoto Contume Institute. 2014. “Stockings 1830s.” 2014. Kyoto Contume Institute Digital Archives. Web.
The Mint Museaum. 2013. “Fashions od the Crinoline era, 1840 – 1865.” 2013. The Mint Museaum. Web.
Victoria and Albert Museum. 2014. “Fine wool morning coat,.” 1982. Victoria and Albert Museum. Web.
Moist and Dry Heat Cookery Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Dry Heat Cooking In this method of cooking, heat is transferred to the food by radiation through the air, metal and fat that heats the metal at high temperatures sometimes even higher than 100 degrees celcius. This method majorly relies on the use of extremely high temperatures to achieve the required heating specifications.
This is a method of cooking that involves exposing food to heat either from below or above the food surface. It takes place by the help of heat transferred through air which transmits the heat to the food. Air being a poor heat conductor, the food to be grilled has to be placed close to the source of heat as possible.
The grill is fast heated before the food is placed to be grilled (Eileen, 2010). It is sometimes used to marinate meat that will be grilled due to the high temperatures involved. Food is usually turned once during grilling and a grid is used to give the food distinctive grill marks. This type of cooking is ideal for poultry and fish. This is due to their soft and tender meat and the ease with which the grill marks form on their surfaces.
Grilled Strip Steak
Preparation time: 15 minutes
Cook time: 20 minutes
Total time: 35 minutes
3 boneless beef strip steaks
Kosher salt to taste
4 tea spoonful compound butter
Freshly ground black pepper
Allow the steaks in a room temperature for about 15 – 20 minutes
Trim any excess fats and leave about ¼ inch around the edge
Preheat the grill
Brush the steaks with butter and season them generously with kosher salt
Place the steaks on the grill and do not overcrowd them.
Cook for 4-5 minutes, depending on steak thickness and grill temperature. After about 2 minutes, rotate the steaks 45 degrees to give them cross hatched grill marks
Using a pair of tongs, flip the steaks and cook for another 4 minutes.
Remove the steaks from heat and cover them with foil and allow them to rest in a warm place for about 5 minutes.
Place the steak on plates on top of each other with a tablespoon of butter and serve immediately
Roasting refers to a method that uses hot and dry air to cook food. The food to be roasted may be put in an oven or over an open flame. Roasting is mainly used to enhance the flavor and aroma of the food through browning on the surface of the food.
Caramelization refers to the browning of food caused when carbohydrates are heated and maillard takes place in meat. Thus, it ensures that food is evenly cooked since all the food surfaces are directly exposed to the heat evenly. Roasting is also preferred where foods are required with less moisture content.
Roasting is mainly used for larger cuts of meat like beef tenderloins. Although recommended for the whole poultry, it sacrifices the surface browning which is a source of much flavor since breast meat is drier and can be cooked faster than leg meat; hence the overall food will be unevenly cooked.
Recipe for Roasting Turkey Breast
Preparation time: 10 minutes
Cook time: 1 hour
4-5 lbs turkey breast
2 tablespoonful’s melted butter
Freshly ground black pepper to taste
Kosher salt to taste
½ cup turkey stock for basting
Preheat oven to about 4500F
Place turkey breast on a rack in a roasting pan
Brush turkey with melted butter and then generously season with kosher salt and black pepper
Roast for 45 minutes while basting since a good taste requires basting twice at 15 minutes interval.
Remove turkey when thermometer reads 1550F. Cover the turkey closely with foil for about 10 minutes before serving.
Serve 6-8 people
It is usually hard to internalize the concept that deep frying is actually a form of dry heating because it involves submerging the whole food in hot liquid fat, hence often thought to be a method of wet cooking. However, the golden brown color on the surface of deep fried food is a clear indicator of dry heating. The violent reaction between water and oil is also a clear indicator that they can never be jointly used.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Deep frying requires that the hot liquid fat be maintained at a temperature between 3250F and 4000F. Temperatures higher than this may cause the oil to smoke while lower temperatures may result into seepage of the oil into the food hence making it greasy. It is for this reason that deep fried foods appear to have very little oil on their surface and may be assumed to have been poorly fried.
In order to ensure the deep frying oil stays hot throughout, it is recommended to introduce food in the oil in batches and too much food in the oil will cool it off. Assuming each food has some small percentage of attached moisture, the overall moisture content will build up in the oil thus cooling it. The reaction between water and hot oil is usually violent. For this reason, it is always advisable to ensure food put into the oil is free of any excess moisture. You may wipe the food with dry paper or towel before putting it into oil.
Deep Fried Chicken
Preparation time 30 minutes
Cook time 10 minutes
Total time 40 minutes
2lbs. cut up chicken
1/3 cup water
1 cup hot sauce
1.5 tea spoonful’s freshly ground black pepper
¼ teaspoon garlic powder
2 cups of all-purpose flour
1 tablespoon salt
Heat peanut oil in a large deep pot to about 3500F
Rinse and pat dry chicken pieces with a paper towel
Sprinkle chicken generously on both sides with seasoned blend
Once piece at a time, roll the chicken in flour mixture and drop into oil
Fry until brown and crisp
Drain on paper toweling
Serves 5 people
Moist Heat Cooking
Moist heat cooking involves the use of liquid or steam is used to cook food. Broth and wines are used both as heat transfer media and as flavors. As compared to dry heating methods, moist heating methods use lower temperatures since the liquids added serves as the media for heat transfer.
This involves cooking food by submerging it hot water that has reached its possible highest temperature of 2120F (Riccio, 2009). Boiling can take different forms. A full rolling boil is characterized by violent water bubbles. This is suitable to produce heat for even steaming purposes. Boiling is recommended for harder whole foods like potatoes and bananas. It is also used in the preparation of large meat pieces.
Recipe for Boiled Meat
Preparation time: 30 minutes
Total time: 30 minutes
Total time: 1 hour
1 lb. boiled beef
¼ dessert spoon of butter
4 tea spoonful’s of tomato sauce
Place a mixture of chopped onion, carrot, celery, and butter in a stockpot.
Add boiled meat to the pot
Season with salt and pepper to taste
Set the pot on fire
Sprinkle meat with tomato sauce once onions start turning translucent and continue
While cooking, put a few dried mushrooms in boiling water
When the meat is cooked, put it on a platter
Blend the sauce, add soaked mushrooms and spoon the sauce over them.
Serve 4 people
This is a method of moist cooking that uses hot steam to conduct the heat to the food item. Once the water is heated beyond its boiling point, it stops being water and changes into steam. Steaming is does not involve agitation and bubbling of water, hence it is recommended for delicate items like seafood. It also avoids the loss of nutrients through leaching since it does not involve the submerging of the food item in water.
Steaming can be done on a stovetop. A small pot containing water that is brought to simmers placed on the stove. The food is then placed in a basket which is suspended above the liquid and the pot covered. This allows the hot steam to circulate through the pot, thus cooking the food.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Moist and Dry Heat Cookery specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Recipe for Steamed Eggs
Total time 20 minutes
Prep time: 5 minutes
Cook time: 15 minutes
Water for steaming
For refrigerated eggs, leave them out at room temperature for about 3 minutes
Prepare a steamer over a relatively high heat. Ensure you are getting plenty of steam
Steam the eggs for about 12 minutes
Allow to cool and run under a little cold water before peeling.
This is a method of moist cooking that involves cooking food in its own juices by adding a very little quantity of moistening agent. As the food cooks, it is flavored with extracts from the stewed food (Cunningham, 2011). During stewing, evaporation is minimized by covering the stewing vessel with a fitting lid and simmering the stew on a stove. Stewing is recommended for cooking meat since it offers an economical way as it allows for the use of less expensive cuts of meat.
Recipe for Kale Stew
Prep time: 20 minutes
Cook time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Total time: 1 hour 50 minutes
6 large peeled and cubed potatoes
¼ cup butter
10 cups of water
1 teaspoon ground black pepper
2 pounds kale (rinsed, dried and chopped)
Place the potatoes into a large pot. Add butter and water and bring to a boil
Cook potatoes for about 20 minutes until tender
Reserve the cooking liquid and mash the potatoes until smooth
Return the cooking water to the pot. Add salt and pepper. Simmer for 20 minutes
Add fresh kale and sausage, stir and simmer for 30 minutes.
Serve when still hot
References Cunningham, M. (2011). The Fannie Farmer Cookbook (revised). New York, NY: Bantam Books.
Eileen, B. (2010). Choosing a career in the restaurant industry. New York, NY: Rosen Publishing Group.
Riccio, A. (2009). The Italian Experience In New Haven : Images And Oral Histories. New York, NY: SUNY Press.
Leadership and Motivation Case Study best essay help
Introduction Leadership and motivation assess human acts which people utilize when interacting with others. Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly review the leadership theories such as transformational and participatory leadership theories. Besides, the treatise reviews motivational theories such as the incentive and the arousal theories. These theories are related to leadership and motivation issues identified in the leadership and motivation case study.
Leadership theories Transformational leadership theory
Transformational leadership provides an opportunity to motivate employees to give a desired output. When the management embraces the principles of transformational leadership, it becomes easy to convince employees to be flexible to change.
For instance, Jonathan, who is Stephanie’s supervisor, has embraced transformational leadership skills and has empowered Alex’s friend to explore her full potential. The main characteristics of transformational leadership include adaptability, empowerment, commitment, contribution, and critical problem solving skills (Biswas, 2011).
Stephanie states that Jonathan has created a self inspired team who does not need constant supervision, unlike Dan’s team. Jonathan’s ten years experience as a supervisor in the supermarket has equipped him with admirable skills of controlling group behavior and inspiring change. Stephanie is inspired to meet the target without feeling any pressure and she describes herself as happy (Robbins, Judge, and Hasham, 2012).
Leadership expectancy theory
Expectancy theory in leadership functionality in an organization influences the behavior of a person making decision away from personal prejudice, stereotype, or emotions. The expectancy theory offers the most ethically viable option for proactive leadership management of behavior. This theory identifies the aspects of effort-performance expectancy, valence expectancy, and performance-outcome expectancy (Drake, Wong, and Salter, 2007).
Unlike Dan, Jonathan has inspired positive expectation among his team. They are constantly changed from one department to another and really feel appreciated. Within a month, Stephanie has moved to four departments and she feels like a member of Jonathan’s work family. Alex, who belongs to Dan’s team, is not motivated and expects nothing, hence the sluggish attitude towards work (Robbins et al., 2012).
Motivational theories Incentive theory
Incentive theory apprehends the perception that an individual holds in regards to performance reward. Thus, higher motivational expectation attracts better performance of such an individual in an organization. For instance, a quantifiable paradigm shift in perception can be linked to correlation between reward and performance in an organization. The incentive theory explores the weight an individual allocates to a reward in motivating performance (Drake et al., 2007).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Stephanie is expecting the seventy five dollars incentive for meeting her target of selling 10 bottles of truffle oil. On the other hand, Stephanie feels constantly threatened by the arrogant supervisor, who promoted employees such as Denise, who gets a pay rise of two dollars per hour for complementation her boss’ dressing style (Robbins et al., 2012).
Arousal theory functions on communication culture to create structural goals which develop norms, expectations of specific behavior display, and appropriate guideline controlling interaction with one another. For instance, when the underlying command plans originate from the opinionated inclination of such an individual, the results would basically be aligned towards self contempt (Biswas, 2011).
Alex is aroused by her boss to develop a negative attitude towards her work, since Dan does not use professional language besides being too quick to criticize. Stephanie feels appreciated and is very happy with her boss for being professional, open minded and proactive towards his team (Robbins et al., 2012).
References Biswas, S. (2011). Commitment, involvement, and satisfaction as predictors of employee performance. South Asian Journal of Management, 18(2), 92-107.
Drake, A. R., Wong, J.,
Babylon Revisited essay help free: essay help free
Introduction Usually, when the same author writes two books, thematic similarities can often be observed. Scott F. Fitzgerald’s short stories are considered the ground for experimentation for themes and motifs that are dealt on a larger scale in his novels (Sutton 165).
Many believe that the story, “Babylon Revisited” was continued in the novel Tender is the Night. However, The Great Gatsby, presumably Fitzgerald’s masterpiece, and “Babylon” share some distinct themes and motifs. The apparent similarities between the two great works of Fitzgerald are often overlooked.
Motifs of The Great Gatsby
Concept of Automation of Services and their Effect on Unemployment Essay college essay help
Abstract Technology has greatly improved the efficiency of firms to deliver services to their clients in a more effective way. Automation of services has highly reduced the amount of labour required to carry out the services and hence reducing the overall cost of production. An increase in the wage rate and labour being a factor of production will mean an increase in the cost of production.
This also means there will be an increase in the supply of labour due to the high wage rate being offered, but since firms have the option of automating their services, they will computerize their services causing unemployment.
Economic Analysis of the Situation Increased wage rate has the effect of increasing the cost of production and since firms are in the business to make profits, they will increase the prices of their products. An increase in the prices of goods will lead to a reduction in the amount needed in the market, which is in line with the law of demand (Melvin,
Good School’ Definition and Aspects Essay college essay help online
Having children is the Joy of every family. On the same note, children are a way through which not only continuity of a family lineage, but also continuity of mankind is ensured. In this regard, every person strives to ensure that his or her children are brought up in the best way possible.
Among the basic needs that children should get is good education. Therefore, getting a good school for a child is every parent’s priority. Nonetheless, it is quite difficult to come to a consensus as it regards what makes a good school. Despite this, it is important to note that there are fundamental qualities that a good school should poses.
To begin with, a good school should have the required facilities to make learning possible. These include the necessary buildings as well as learning equipment. A good school is one that has enough classrooms so that students can fit in without being overclouded.
When students are clouded in one classroom, it becomes difficult even for teachers to effectively teach the students. Arguably, buildings alone have nothing to offer to learners without the learning equipment. Therefore, a good school should have enough learning equipment be it books and other reference materials or equipment used for practical lessons.
It is important to note that children join schools when they are very young and much of their socialization and cultural modification processes take place at school. In this regard, schools have a very crucial role to play as far as citizenry behavior is concerned. Therefore, a good school should be based on good discipline as well as good moral values.
If children’s morals are likely to be negatively influenced at school, then there is no need for them to attend such a school. Most learners spend much of their time at school thus their behavior, both present and future highly depends on how the school modifies them. It is the prayer of every parent that his or her child will be well mannered. A good school should enable parents achieve this dream.
On the same note, a school without teachers is as well as dead. Teachers are guides of learners and they highly influence what students learn at school. In this regard, a good school will be one that has academically qualified teachers, to ensure academic excellence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, since students especially young ones look at teachers as their role models, teachers should be well mannered so that they can help in positively molding the learners. Of importance to note is that if a teacher is overwhelmed by the number of students that they handle, then they are bound to compromise quality of their services. Consequently, a good school should have the recommended teacher to student ratio.
Notably, it is the quality of education that matters in the end. The aim of parents and the society at large is not just to have academically qualified people, but people who are all round. Therefore, despite the fact that school is where learners go to sharpen their academic skills, a good school should not do this while disregarding other aspects of life.
Society expects its people to mingle well within the community. On the same note, it is expected that people who have gone to school should be able to solve problems more logically compared to those who did not go to school. Moreover, there is more to life that just academic excellence.
A good school should be able to mix curriculum and co-curriculum activities to produce learners who are well fitted to enhance development in the society. When all these are met by a school, then one can be confident that his or her child will gain by going to such a school
The Last Emperor Essay (Movie Review) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
“The Last Emperor” is a Chinese 1987 epic film, directed by Bertolucci Bernardo. The film is based on the life of Emperor Pu Yi, who was the last individual to reign as Emperor in China. It derives most of its narrative from Pu Yi’s autobiography titled “From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi”.
In this book, the former emperor documents his journey from being an Emperor to an ordinary Chinese citizen. The movie depicts events that took place over a period of 60 years. During this time, China underwent radical transformation due to the significant social-political events that occurred over the time span.
The film begins in 1950 in a Chinese Prison, where Pu Yi has been taken as a political prisoner. After a failed attempt to end his life, the Emperor begins to have flashbacks of his earlier years. His first memories are of how he became the Emperor after being named successor to Empress Dowager Ciwi who was dying. This was in the year 1908 and Pu Yi was only 2 years old. Following this declaration, the young Pu Yi moved to the Forbidden City, which was the official home of the emperor.
The film shows Pu Yi’s early life where many eunuchs and private tutors served him. It then illustrates how Pu Yi was forced to give up power after the Chinese Revolution of 1911. After this, he continued to serve as a figurehead and was allowed to maintain his luxurious lifestyle in the Forbidden City. However, a warlord banished the Emperor from the Forbidden City in 1924 forcing him to live in exile.
After 6 years in exile, Pu Yi moved to Manchuria, which was his native land. While in this region, the Japanese occupational forces reinstated him as a puppet head. His reign ended when Russian forces captured him at the end of the Second World War. The Russians kept him under arrest up to 1950 when he is returned to communist China.
Here Pu Yi underwent reeducation under Mao’s reign. At the end of the reeducation efforts, he took up the occupation of a gardener and lived a humble life. While living the life of a simple gardener, Pu Yi was able to visit the Forbidden City as a tourist and he looked at the Dragon Throne, where he once reigned from, with mixed emotions.
The film has a number of major characters: Emperor Pu Yi, who is the film’s central figure; Emperor’s wife, Wanrong Gobulo, who comes from a royal background and stays with Pu Yi until the end of World War II; Scottish Reginald Fleming, who served as the tutor to the young emperor and provided Pu Yi with knowledge about the outside world and inspired the young emperor to travel outside the Forbidden City; and Chen Baochen, the emperor’s personal advisor and tutor, who remained loyal to the Qing dynasty even after it collapses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The film covers events that took place between 1908 and 1967. This gives the film major social-historical dimensions, since China underwent a number of significant changes in this turbulent period.
The first major event covered by the film is the succession of Empress Dowager Cixi by the 2-year-old Pu Yi. The film then addressed the 1911 revolution that marked the start of modern China as it abolished the monarchy and established a republic under president Dr. Sun Yat Sen. This event led to Emperor Pu Yi being forced to give up his official powers.
The film then records that the emperor was forced out of the Forbidden City in 1924. At around this time, the 13-year-old Chinese Republic was experiencing some problems as the ruling party was becoming more authoritarian in nature.
The problems experienced by the state escalated when the ruling Kuomintang party split with the Communist Party. The Kuomintang banned the Communist Party and imprisoned most of its top leaders. This led to the Communist Party making plans to overthrow the Kuomintang and bring about a Communist Revolution in China.
The realities of Japanese expansionist trends in Asia during the 1930s are highlighted in the film. It documents how Japan was able to take over the region of Manchuria and govern over it from 1931 to 1945. Emperor Pu Yi was installed as the puppet ruler in order to add legitimacy to Japanese rule. Pu Yi was responsible for signing a number of treaties that increased Japanese power in the occupied territory. This puppet state ended after the Allied forces defeated Japan and the Second World War came to an end.
Another significant period covered by the movie is the Cultural Revolution under Mao Zedong. Mao took leadership of China in 1949 and set out to eliminate the old establishment and replace it with a strong Communist State. During the first years of his rule, China experienced the Cultural Revolution that had a major impact on the social and political environment in the country.
The revolution was started by peasants in the countryside who wanted to do away with the decadence of the rich. One of the ways in which the new order was brought about was by destroying the property owner class and re-educating the upper class. The Emperor was one of the individuals who underwent reeducation in Mao’s China.
We will write a custom Essay on The Last Emperor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In my opinion, the film succeeds in capturing the social and political environment in China during the lifetime of Pu Yi. It succeeds in demonstrating how the country underwent a transformation due to significant events including the 1911 revolution, the Japanese invasion, the Second World War, and the Chinese Communist Revolution in 1949.
The film effectively highlights the dramatic changes that China underwent from monarchy to republic. This transformation is best exemplified by the Forbidden City, which was once owned by the Emperor, but later becomes a public area.
The film does not place equal weight on all the important issues it addresses. An issue that emerged strongly in the film was the wastefulness of the imperial era. The film demonstrates that the emperor never performed any activity for himself. Pu Yi was forced to learn how to perform basic tasks for himself through reeducation.
The issues that are not well demonstrated by the film are the negative aspects of the reeducation that took place during the Cultural Revolution. The film does not make it clear that during this period, hundreds of thousands of landowners were disposed or executed. Many intellectuals in the country were sent to the rural areas where they engaged in hard labor as a form of reeducation.
The most important thing that I learnt about China from this film was that there was an extreme level of extravagance by the Emperor during the monarchy days. The film clearly displays the lavishness of the Forbidden City, where Pu Yi lived. The palace is enormous in size, and it is filled with expensive furniture and ornaments.
We are shown hundreds of servants who do everything for the Emperor and kneel before him in respect. This information made me understand why the Chinese people carried out a revolution against the monarchy and formed a republic, which later on became the Communist State of China. The oppressive socio-political environment advanced by the monarchy fueled the revolution that made Pu Yi the last emperor.
The Theme of Love: “The Two Kinds,” “The fall of the house of usher,” and “Hill Like White Elephants.” Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents The Theme of Love
The “Two Kinds”
The fall of the house of usher
“Hill Like White Elephants”
The Theme of Love There is love in the three short stories. In the “Two Kinds” there is some love between the mother (Suyuan) and daughter (Jing Mei) (Tan, 2006). In the “Hill’s Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemingway some love abounds between the American man and the pregnant girl.
This story is about the way self-interest can ruin the love that people have nurtured for a long time. In “the fall of the house of usher” there is love between Roderick and his twin sister Madeline. The love has also been strengthened by their illnesses. This paper specifically discuses the theme of love in the three short stories. More especially, the way love is advanced or frustrated by the characters.
The “Two Kinds” Love that is evidenced in this short story is parental love. This love is depicted in the way the mother prevails upon her daughter to succeed in her studies. This is depicted in the way her mother says, “If you work hard you can achieve your dream here in America,” she added, “of course, you could be prodigy too” (Tan, 2006, p. 132).
However, the daughter took her mothers advice literally. She responded, “You want me to be someone I’m not,” she continued, “I will never be the kind of daughter you want me to be.” “Only two daughters,” she shouted, “those who are obedient and those who can follow their mind, the only daughter who can live in this house is the obedient one” (Tan, 2006, p. 132).
In as much Jing-mei was feeling that her mother never loved her because she was dictating or forcing her to do things she did not like, their bond was strong (Tan, 2006). This is seen in the way she reacted when her mother passed on. Jing-mei started to recognize that what her mother was telling her was right.
The death of her mother functioned as an eye opener for her. In the story it indicated that “she looked back over the music that she had previously rejected and discovered something that she had never noticed” (Tan, 2006). The two songs were the “Perfectly Contented,” the “Pleading Child.” However, upon examining these songs, she realized that they were two different parts of just one song.
It is motherly love that her mother does not want her daughter to go through the sufferings such as—the misfortune of losing kids, the fear and privations of conflicts, as well as the challenges encountered when settling in a different culture (Tan, 2006). That is why her mother has taken the initiative to ensure that her daughter becomes a genius and standing tall amongst other children in America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apparently, from her conduct, she is not a genius. This is because geniuses have innate abilities and work only under slight guidance or supervision. As the author indicates, Jing-mei even refused to practice the piano. If she were a genius, this should have been something that would have fascinated her.
The fall of the house of usher Love is evident in this short story (Poe, 2011). More especially is revealed in the way characters deal with situations or they way react when dealing with their spouses. In the poem “The Raven,” Poe’s love is reveled. Poe’s love for his beloved wife, Virginia, is revealed when she died.
It is indicated that Poe was traumatized by her demise. It is also indicated that her death became an everyday motif in his undertaking. This statement stresses the degree of love that the two had. In other words, it was almost inseparable and no of them could do without the other.
There is also brotherly love in this novel. There is a strong love between Roderick and his sister, Madeleine. It is indicated that Roderick “affectionately loved his sister” (p. 42). There affection is also based on the fact that they are twins. As the author puts, they have “an outstanding semblance” (p. 46). That is, they behaved in a way that someone could easily say they had one soul in two different bodies.
“Hill Like White Elephants” This short story revolves around the theme of love and responsibility (Benson, 1990). The author has used abortion to show how much the American man loves her pregnant girlfriend named Jig. However, the love showed by the American man is selfish. That is, he does not extent it beyond his girlfriend. This is evidenced when the boyfriend says, “Ill stay with you.” He also added, “I do not want anyone else, but you” (p.161).
Basing on this utterance, it is also clear that the American man is taking advantage of the love he has for his girlfriend to convince her to have the abortion. However, the girlfriend does not actually feel the same as she loves both of them. This is evident from the way she turned him down saying, “Would you please stop talking” (p. 298). Generally, this shows that her love is not selfish and that she is the man’s superior in sensitivity, imagination and above all, capacity for love.
Conclusion As it has been established in the discussion, the theme of love is espoused in the three novels. In the “Hill Like White Elephants,” both the American man and his girlfriend show love to each other but the pregnancy is threatening their peaceful affection. Their love is therefore selfish or situational.
We will write a custom Essay on The Theme of Love: “The Two Kinds,” “The fall of the house of usher,” and “Hill Like White Elephants.” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the “Two Kinds,” parental love dominates. The mother feels that she has the responsibility to guide her daughter to success. Her dominance of over her daughter is also threatening their affection. The daughter feels that she is not being given space to enjoy life like other kids. However, in the end, the daughter realizes that her mother was somehow right.
In the “fall of the house of usher,” is a sad story of two twins who share brotherly love. Their situation has actually brought them together more than ever. Poe also has strong love for his beloved wife, Virginia. This is evidenced when she died as it was hard for Poe to forget her both in his personal and work life.
References Benson, J. (1990). New critical approaches to the short stories of Ernest Hemingway. Durham: Duke University Press.
Poe, E. (2011). The fall of the House of Usher. New York: Books of Wonder.
Tan, A. (2006). The joy luck club. New York: Penguin Books.
Putting the Incompatible Elements Together: Avatar Meets Gladiator Essay best essay help: best essay help
The issues of power and political difference have always been of great interest for scholars, politicians and mere mortals due to the controversy around the former concepts.
As a result, the two have spawned countless number of artistic interpretations, Cameron’s Avatar and Scott’s Gladiator being the landmarks of the XXI century take at the problem. Although the movies are based on completely different stories and are driven by seemingly different plots, a number of ideas regarding power and policy of differentiation in both movies rub shoulders.
No matter what one might say about Avatar being the adult version of Disney’s Pocahontas, as well as the fact that the story of greedy invaders and poor civilian residents has been beaten to death, the movie still offers an interesting journey into human mind. James Cameron clearly knows how to get the audience in their seats for a couple of hours, and creates a sophisticated political and cultural conflict.
Scott’s Gladiator, in its turn, provides a much darker and, therefore, more adult view of the problem. Unlike Avatar, Gladiator does not pander to its audience, thus, it taps on more complex issues.
In addition, Gladiator tackles the story that is arguably planted into the realm of reality, the lead character being the representation of those oppressed and rebelling against the dictatorship of Commodus. Although in no possible way can the movie claim to be historically accurate, it still represents real people and the events that, for the most part, actually took place – or, at the very least, could be.
Nevertheless, what both movies are very good at is taking the evil off the political difference and power, though with rather different takes on the problem. In Gladiator, the social stratification is dealt with in a very impressive way.
As it has been stressed above, in Gladiator, the director and screenwriter did not actually have to come up with the political environment for the story to unwrap in – the dictatorship of the Roman autocrats and the miserable life of plebs and especially slaves, which Crowe as Maximus Decimus Meridius represented, was already a notorious page in the world history.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, Scott still did an amazingly good job by projecting the power abuse and policy of differentiation of the XXI century onto the Ancient Roman story. For example, the following line by Commodus points at the flaws of the ochlocracy system, in which the power belongs to few people defined as the crème of society. In Avatar, the issue concerning power abuse is downplayed compared to the Gladiator plot; however, the Colonel Quaritch is miles away from Commodus in terms of the methods exercised to seize power.
Commodus acts as a power-hungry despot by demanding that Crowe’s character should be dragged through mud, enslaved and finally killed for the amusement of the Roman elite. While astonishingly diabolical, these intentions still show that Commodus is a mere mortal with his petty concerns about his status, wealth and other down-to-earth trifle.
Colonel Quaritch, in his turn, clearly aims at playing God by offering Sully the ability to walk and, in fact, live a complete and different life: “A recon gyrene in an Avatar body… that’s a potent mix! Gives me the goosebumps!” (Avatar 0:36:17). It would be wrong to assume that God related symbolism must have been Cameron’s intent, since the focus of the movie is not on Christianity, but on policy of difference; however, the allusions in the movie are far too strong to ignore them.
Moreover, unlike Commodus, who was born into his position and, therefore, considers his means of ruling the Empire the only acceptable methods, Quaritch knows exactly what is wrong with his strategy and openly acknowledges it: “Well, well, well. I’d say diplomacy has failed” (Avatar 0:41:03).
Apart from power, both movies also touch upon the policy of difference, and they do so in a very smart and unique way. Avatar represents the clash of two different races, for the lack of a better word to describe the conflict between people and aliens, whereas Gladiator renders the issue of one social class oppressing another.
However, Cameron downplays the concept of policy of difference greatly – perhaps, in attempts to get a PG-13 rating, while Gladiator does not shy away from displaying the faults of the policy of difference in the intense scenes of battles and vile treatment of slaves, thus, warranting an R-rating in some of the theaters: “They tell me your son squealed like a girl when they nailed him to the cross” (Gladiator 1:11:02).
Avatar spares its audience the necessity to see Na’vis slaughtered in the battles and instead offers the viewers to sneak a peek at the evil masterminds, including Quaritch and the greedy government plotting to get the hold of unobtanium: “This is why we’re here. Unobtanium. Because this little gray rock sells for twenty million a kilo” (Avatar 0:23:55).
We will write a custom Essay on Putting the Incompatible Elements Together: Avatar Meets Gladiator specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Though the two movies belong to different genres and are set in completely different environment, they tackle the same problem of power abuse and policy of difference efficiently. Smart and sophisticated, the movies give a lot of food for thoughts. Despite having their flaws, they are clearly worth watching.
Works Cited Avatar. Ex. Prod. James Cameron. Los Angeles, CA: Twentieth Century Fox. 2009. DVD.
Gladiator. Ex. Prod. Ridley Scott. Los Angeles, CA: Universal Pictures. 2000. DVD.
Hi! I hope you are doing well! Cancer and Psychotherapy Read attached baseline articles. (Literature review/summary of these articles. Essay best essay help: best essay help
Hi! I hope you are doing well!
Cancer and Psychotherapy
Read attached baseline articles. (Literature review/summary of these articles. (2 pages)
Research the last two years of recent studies on cancer and psychotherapy.
Write paper integrating new knowledge from last two years of publications (at least 6 peer reviewed studies) and the impact of the Covid pandemic and disease on this medical group. (5 pages)
Discuss Include applicable cultural and ethical issues. (1 page)
A list of the baseline articles are included. All baseline info should come from these articles. (the intro and lit review).
Please reach out if you have any questions!
Molly Drug Usage in the American Society Essay essay help free
Article summary James McKinley article in The New York Times discusses overdose of an ecstasy drug called Molly, and death resulting from the same. Molly is a new ecstasy drug sold to the youth in the United States. To be precise, Molly is a street name for a drug referred as MDMA (3, 4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine). In most cases, the ecstasy drug is sold as a pill or powder.
Medical experts and psychologists allege that Molly is a typical stimulant and is used to help patients with mental disorders to open up during counseling sessions. From this perspective, the drug is essential in helping patients socialize and open up to people around them. The right dosage of the MDMA drug is recommended. However, an overdose of the drug is considered harmful and results to abuse.
The article was written to provide insightful information regarding abuse of Molly among the youth. In fact, the article uses an example to articulate on dangers of abusing the drug. The article discusses how two young individuals died as a result of abusing the ecstasy drug. McKinley’s article is based on evidence that the drug has previously affected the youth in similar occasions. For example, the drug seems to be sold among the youths attending electric music parties.
From the article, it is evident that Molly is popular among the youths aged below 25 years. According to the author, the two individuals who died at the Electric Zoo festival during Labor Day of 2013 were aged 20 and 23 years old.
Evidence showing how the drug is prominent among the youths indicates similar deaths in New York. Other indications showing dangers of the drug among the youths reveals that at least 4 people die of MDMA overdose every year in New York. In addition, statistics show that at least 43 young people died from MDMA overdose between 2000 and 2011.
The reason why the youth are a target of the MDMA usage is because the drug is cheap and not physically addictive. Moreover, electric music parties where the drug is sold are attractive to young people. Prolonged usage and abuse of molly has negative physiological and psychological effects. From a physiological perspective, abusers of Molly lose appetite, experience exhaustion, insomnia, jaw soreness, dizziness and constipation. Psychological effects of abusing the drug include depression, impaired attention and paranoia.
McKinley’s article is interesting since it focuses on current drug abuse in the United States. The article focus on a new drug abuse trend in the country raises fundamental issues about availability of the drug off the pharmaceutical shelves. MDMA drug is meant for psychiatry and is only licensed for sale in pharmaceuticals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The article also suggests a possible mixing of Molly with methylone, making the drug fatal. The article is interesting as it associates abuse of the drug with Electric music parties. The connection between the drug and music parties is intriguing and forms a basis for further research on the same.
I chose the article for its significance in research on drug abuse among the American youth. The article provides a new dimension about popular drugs abused in the country besides cocaine, heroine, marijuana and alcohol. For example, the article has information on how drugs are adulterated with dangerous substances that are fatal to users. Therefore, the article’s information can harness further research about drug abuse and required interventions.
Works Cited McKinley, C. James. “Overdoses of ‘Molly’ led to Electric Zoo deaths”. The New York Times 12 Sept. 2013. Web. .
Star System In The Silent Cinema Essay college essay help: college essay help
A few years before the break out of the World War I, modernity in the entertainment sector was characterized by the merger of powerful capitalist and democratic forces into consumerism. In the early 20th century, the cinematography enhanced and the success of better movies resulted in continued opening of theaters in large numbers across America. Filmmakers started making more comedies, chase films, westerns and crime.
Moreover, experimentation with narrative techniques and camera also intensified. The cinematographers of Brighton, England, also laid a foundation for film to develop from a primitive to a more advanced stage (Bordwell, 1999). The introduction of the star system proved to be an outstanding means of earning a profit from not only the production, but also distribution and even exposition of films.
The star system As the consumerism increased in America, the star system emerged to market the actors as the main attraction to filmgoers. A renowned filmmaker, David Wark Griffith, enhanced the filming techniques such as close-ups, moving camera shots and point-of-view shots (Starr, 1985). The idea of color film also laid a foundation to Griffith’s filming. David Wark Griffith used actors such as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish, Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin.
These stars formed United Artists organization later on (McDonald, 2000, p. 36). United Artists (UA) functioned as a distribution company for the films produced by the star names. The filmmakers were placed in a position where they could extend their economic power by negotiating broadly across the cinema industry. This organization helped enhance the film business impressively.
The strength of star system is evident in Mary Pickford’s first United Artist film release, Pollyanna (1919) by Paul Powell (McDonald, 2000, p. 35). In this film, Mary is featured as little girl in the title role. The film Pollyanna was produced through Mary Pickford Company and distributed by UA. By the age of 23, Pickford had already developed herself as the most influential woman in the motion-picture industry.
Typically, a developed business practice in the exhibition sector was to lease prints from distributors at a fixed fee. However, Pollyanna was made available only on the basis of both a guaranteed base rental fee together with a percentage split of box office income. Despite complaints, the exhibitors reluctantly agreed to UA’s terms. This transformed the business practice for transactions between exhibitors and distributors.
In the 1920s, Pickford’s profession experienced ups and downs in the stars financial and critical status. In spite of taking more adult roles in films, the filmgoers were unenthusiastic about letting Pickford abandon her child-woman image. Since its establishment, UA underwent years of financial predicaments.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These financial recesses were partly attributed to the company’s star management which was ineffective. In 1951, Pickford eventually sold her UA shares and described UA as ‘sick unto death’ (Flom, 2009, p. 224). At the height of her appeal however, Pickford had clearly demonstrated the wide-ranging power that the star could wield across all sectors of the film industry (McDonald, 2000, p. 42).
Pickford’s impact is not only exclusive to the silent era but also to the future. Pickford demonstrated lots of the trends that would improve the Hollywood star system in several years to come (Finler, 2003, p. 192). Specifically, Pickford exemplified the way stars have the ability to use their popular status as leverage to demand rapid increments in salary payments from producers.
Pickford’s profession also encouraged other stars and the upcoming ones to participate in box office earnings from the films they appeared in. Furthermore, her success showed the benefits that stars could gain by choosing to form their own independent production companies.
These trends would all become key characteristic of the star system following the decline of the vertically integrated studio system that dominated Hollywood in the 1930s and 1940s. Pickford was therefore not only a product of the star system in the cinema but also a role model who displayed how it was possible for stars to find ways to use that system for their own success.
The fundamentals of Hollywood The star system in American film industry developed through three ways namely: comprehensive division of labor, redefinition of performance space in narrative film, and the widespread marketing of individual film performers. The history of the star system and its emergence between 1907 to 1922 included different types of discourse about film stars and the levels of knowledge relevant to analysis and understanding star images at all stages (DeCordova
Vaccines and Autism: A Critical Analysis of Thimerosal in Relation to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Research Paper essay help site:edu
Abstract The issue of vaccines and autism has attracted a lot of attentionwithin medical circles. There are controversies in relation to the link between the two. Different people have varied opinions about this topic. Some claim there is an explicit relationship, while others oppose such arguments.
In this paper, the author sought to clarify the issue by analyzing existing evidence regarding the effects of vaccines. Information used was sourced from population studies, scientific consensus, and other independent research by individuals. It was made clear that autism has nothing to do with vaccines. Individuals who support this assertion rely on flawed research findings. Thimerosal, which is present in many vaccines, was critically scrutinized in this study.
The preservative is said to contain mercury, which is poison in itself. As a result of these concerns, the compound was removed from some vaccine products. Many people have questioned the rationale for this elimination. Findings made in studies carried out on measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines were analyzed and the relationship between autism and these drugs was found to be non-existent.
Vaccines and Autism: A Critical Analysis of Thimerosal in Relation to Measles, Mumps, and Rubella The safety and efficacy of vaccines has been the subject of many studies in the medical field. The drugs are believed to be the causal agents behind a number of medical disorders. Most of these drugs are administered to children on a routine basis as part of post-natal care. As a result, their safety must be enhanced for the sake of these consumers.
Before a vaccine is put into commercial use, tests to verify its safety are carried out. The tests are conducted on human population to check for any side effects (Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health
Global Experience at Work Event Essay online essay help
Introduction Business events are often informative, resourceful, and provide knowledge which can be transformed into a business idea. This paper is divided into three parts. The first part examines the nature of the event I attended, time of occurrence, location and reason for the choice of this event. Besides, goals are set for the event and expectations listed in the short and long terms. Part two and three of this paper examine the event into details from the attendee and planner perspectives in addition to a comprehensive SWOT analysis.
The Event I have selected the Global Experience at Work event which was hosted by the Ottawa Chamber of Commerce at the Sheraton Ottawa on February 18th, 2014 from 8:15 am to 10:30 am. The Global Experience at Work event was mainly organized for the purpose of exploration of career opportunities available in the business market.
This meeting encompassed best practices and alternative approach in doing business through engagement of experts. Specifically, the seminar touched on business incubation, the role of entrepreneurship among young people, and career growth in any business. In the posting for this event, the organizers promised a one-on-one interaction opportunity with the experts and business consultants in Ottawa.
Attendee’s Perspective In the Global experience at Work event, my main goal of attending the seminar was to acquire professional insight and research on career opportunities through interaction with the business management experts. This goal captured consultation on planning, financial services, and business models.
In the short term, my expectation was to grasp opportunities and acquire expert insight through interaction with business personalities. In the long term, I intend to transform the business insight into actual accomplishment by putting into practice the knowledge acquired.
Since this meeting attracted experts in different industries, I was lucky to be part of the event as it widened my scope and provided essential information on career opportunities, alternative business approach, and the future establishment of research based business venture.
Thus, this event was important in future career development and business establishment, as it provided a practical approach in operating business and expansion modeling. Reflectively, the event engaged my entrepreneurship senses. Among the amenities provided include entrepreneurship booklets, training vouchers, and free consultation with the astute business persons around Ottawa.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Planner’s Perspective Developing a business event program requires creation of relevant objectives and a realistic budget. In order to successfully execute these objectives, it is important to present a comprehensive event program focusing on intended goals and techniques for thirty participants.
The event organizers had to recruit teams to handle logistics, sound, refreshment, and security. The organizers had to hire the avenue and make arrangement for a permit from the local authority. Since the event targeted 400 attendees, the logistics team had to hire enough seats and outsource the services of catering and event management companies.
The budget for the event was three thousand seven hundred dollars. The budget was designed to improve on control of communication and ticketing while streamlining costs of operations as the event progressed. The budget for the Global experience at Work event is summarized in the table below.
Budget for the Event Cost Quantity Total Cost Booking Cost $500 0 $500 Advertisement Posters $2 100 $200 PA system hire $500 1 $500 Personnel hiring $200 10 $2,000 Advertisement media $500 $500 Total Cost $3,700 SWOT Analysis It is important to review the business event’s environment through a SWOT analysis in order to establish its effectiveness and sustainability.
The majority of targeted members of the audience are aspiring business persons with keen interest in developing sustainable entrepreneurship skills. This event has an advantage since it creates business opportunity awareness through its advertisement of the scope. Besides, the organizers of the event charged affordable fees for its services. The event organizers used strategies like business education to get the best from the experts since they had the capacity to quickly expand its audience’s network.
The catchment area for the event was narrow since it targeted to serve a small geographical area of Sheraton in Ottawa. The success of the event depended on the number of attendees. Unfortunately, there were only 250 attendees against the target of 400.
The services offered in the event, to enthusiastic entrepreneurs, are very sensitive to changing client preferences. For instance, a bad report or an unfortunately incident during the event may alter perception of the attendees. This may discourage them from attending the business event in the future. Thus, the event planners must create a waterproof public relations exercise to survive public scrutiny.
We will write a custom Essay on Global Experience at Work Event specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Opportunities
With a typical well organized business expertise pool, the event is geared to quickly increase its impact since the beneficial interests can be distributed across the attendees. This strategy will facilitate the restructuring of effective public awareness campaigns for a similar event in the future.
Conclusion Conclusively, this event offered a comprehensive insight of the corporate world. I attended the entrepreneurship event and got a part time job offer by a freelance fashion store as their sales ambassador.
The Hart-Devlin Debate Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Summary of arguments by Hart and Devlin
Devlin’s arguments are correct
How homosexuality harms society
The theory of utilitarianism
Weaknesses of Hart’s arguments
Introduction Morality can be defined as a set of rules or principles that guide the process of making decisions and behavior in society. It also includes principles that define what is acceptable and unacceptable in society. On the other hand, law refers to principles that augment and maintain the morality code in society.
The issue of law and morality is a complex matter that has been widely discussed in various fields including religion, law, and psychology. Many debates have discussed the relationship between morality and law. For instance, the Hart and Devlin debate tried to determine this relationship. Each of the two took a different side in an effort to establish the role that should be played by law with regard to morality. However, their views and suggestions contradicted each other and did present an agreement.
The two represent two schools of thought regarding the matter. The Wolfenden Committee investigated the critical issue of allowing homosexuality and prostitution in society. The report of the committee stated that it is not the responsibility of law to solve immorality. The Hart-Devlin debate was an attempt to contribute to the findings of the Wolfenden committee.
The debate was between Professor Hart and Patrick Devlin. The argument was that homosexuality should be made legal because of the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality. The recommendations of the committee emanated from the principles of utilitarianism. The law is not supposed to interfere with the lives of people as a way of influencing behavior.
This paper will try to solve the controversy by defending Devlin’s arguments. In addition, it will try to demonstrate the flaws present in Hart’s arguments. Homosexuality and prostitution will be discussed as examples of common immoral conduct, and explain why they should be criminalized by discussing their effects on individuals and society. Finally, the paper will use the theory of utilitarianism and the principle of harm to support certain arguments.
Summary of arguments by Hart and Devlin Devlin argued that it is important to establish laws that control morality because law not only protects individuals but also the society (Ward 26). To Devlin, morality is a requisite for maintenance of good laws that preserve the freedom of conscience, and reduce the probability of tyranny. In addition, he argued that any behavior is capable of causing harm if not regulated by law (Ward 26).
He was of the view that law should be superior to morality and thus control behavior. On the contrary, Hart argued that law should not adhere to the principles of populism. According to Devlin, the majority is not always right. Their ideas and principles are always covered with superstition and prejudice that do not guarantee them to be referred to as guiding principles (Ward 26). To support his argument, Hart referred to John Stuart Mill’s harm principle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hart disagreed with Devlin’s argument that morality should be guided and determined by law. Hart supported the committee’s recommendation of legalizing homosexuality and prostitution based on the teachings of Mill. Hart argued that enforcing a moral code was unnecessary, undesirable, and morally wrong (Ward 26). He argued that doing so would interfere with individual liberty and curtail the development of moral principles.
Devlin’s arguments are correct In refuting the recommendations of the Wolfenden committee, Devlin based his arguments on natural law. Modern legal experts do not an agreement as to whether it is constitutional and right for certain laws to illegalize certain behaviors or conduct based on the fact that a state has authority to control moral views. There is no consensus about whether a state should regulate certain behaviors because of its moral authority.
The Wolfenden committee gave its opinion regarding criminal law. The committee stated that one of the roles of law is to maintain order and morality in the society. Committee members argued that criminal law mainly protects vulnerable people such as children who are not mature enough to understand the intricacies of certain conduct. The committee added that law is not supposed to pursue maters related with immorality.
According to the committee’s recommendation, it is not the responsibility of law to enforce morality. This begs the question: why does law defend citizens against acts such as harm and indecency? Hart and Devlin had clashing arguments because the interpretation of what is harmful to people is relative. For example, Hart argued that the law should not concern itself with immorality (Heilbronn 16). However, in many states, rape is a crime because it hurts and inures people physically, emotionally, and psychologically.
Hart did not consider homosexuality and prostitution as behaviors that can cause harm to people. Devlin differed with Hart on this by arguing that the law should not only protect people but also the society. Devlin was right by arguing that it is imperative for the government to preserve the society. According to Devlin, a society is an important aspect of human survival. A society is preserved by good political, moral, and ethical ideologies and principles. One of the most important aspects of a society is its moral fabric.
According to Devlin, the law should implement certain ethical codes in order to ensure that the moral fabric of the society does not disintegrate. One of the reasons that eradicate social order from societies is absolute freedom for people to do as they wish. Law is important in order to protect the most important aspects of society. One of the causes of societal disintegration is loose moral codes.
It is important for a society to have a guiding moral code to ensure that people do not cross certain boundaries that define what is toxic and what is beneficial to the well being of the society. Elimination of vices from a community is one of the most critical roles of law. Prostitution and homosexuality are two main sources of moral decay in society. Therefore, it is important for states to enact laws that address these issues.
We will write a custom Essay on The Hart-Devlin Debate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Devlin, any type of behavior possesses the potential to cause harm to society by destroying social cohesion (Heilbronn 16). Prostitution and homosexuality are such behaviors or actions that have the potential to destabilize a society.
Therefore, it is imperative to implement moral laws that serve to protect the society from the destructive and destabilizing aspects of prostitution and homosexuality. It is important to explore the harm that homosexuality and prostitution pose to both the individual and society in order to validate Devlin’s argument.
How homosexuality harms society Research has found out that the rate of domestic violence is 20 times higher among homosexuals than it is among heterosexuals (Davies et al. 56). One of the negative effects of homosexuality is child molestation. Studies have revealed that homosexuals perpetrate about 33 percent of all cases of child molestation (Davies et al. 56).
Statistics have shown that the approximate population of homosexuals in the world is 3 percent. Comparing the reported cases of child molestation and the population of homosexuals reveals that the rate of child molestation is very high. Homosexuality has debilitating effects on families. Families are the most critical components of a society. Therefore, any factor that affects them affects the society. The family unit is in danger because some countries have legalized homosexuality.
For example, in the Netherlands, many families have fallen apart due to homosexual relationships (Davies et al. 58). Homosexual relationships and marriages deny children the opportunity to grow up in a family. It becomes difficult for such children to grow up well because the stigma associated with homosexuality is high. Many children undergo damaging psychological and emotional experiences that affect their normal development. On the other hand, homosexuality is also associated with promiscuity.
Promiscuous behaviors associated with immorality include child sexual abuse, domestic violence, and drug abuse. It is also associated with physical diseases and mental illnesses. These factors contribute towards the degradation of society because they affect children negatively and contribute towards the disintegration of families.
Devlin asserted that using law to control immorality is like using rules to control a game (Heilbronn 16). Without rules, players who play as they wish and order would be nonexistent. Similarly, a society without laws to control morality is laden with immorality that would eradicate social order and cohesion.
Devlin added that law should be used to control immorality in certain cases. He argued that law should apply when the ideas of the majority regarding an immoral act prevail. Dworkin, who demanded to know the criteria that would be used to determine the immoral acts that fall under the jurisdiction of law, criticizes Devlin’s argument (Heilbronn 17). Devlin argued that law should only be used to restrict certain conduct.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Hart-Devlin Debate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He offered a solution to Dworkin’s question by stating that when an immoral act causes outrage, disgust, and intolerance among the people, then law should be used to decriminalize that act (Heilbronn 17). Few immoral acts endanger the well-being of the society. Therefore, it would be wise to use it selectively in order to safeguard the privacy of morality. If the public disapprove an immoral act, then the state should intervene by enacting a law to criminalize it.
How prostitution affects society
Prostitution degrades social systems of justice in several ways. First, it devalues women because it encourages men to view and treat them as objects to satisfy their sexual urges. It debases the dignity of women and ignores the importance of love, respect, and commitment as ingredients of successful families and relationships. Second, it undermines the role and importance of marriage by promoting promiscuity.
Third, it worsens the financial welfare of families because a large portion of available funds is channeled to health and welfare matters. Individuals spend a lot of money on medical treatment. Finally, it exposes men and women to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Many people who engage in prostitution infect their partners who do not suspect infidelity in their marriages or relationships.
Prostitution has negative effects on individuals and society. For example, it undermines the value of women and offers men an opportunity to exploit them. In cases where men engage in prostitution, it gives women an opportunity to men.
People who engage in prostitution experience stigma because prostitution is an immoral act. Examples of factors that promote prostitution are financial hardship as well as poor and unfulfilling relationships. Prostitution is harmful to women because it encourages rape, violence, and homicide. Many women have been physically assaulted, exploited, and tortured. On the other hand, prostitution undermines the value of marriage and family.
Many people who engage in prostitution are married. Men who experience dissatisfaction in their marriages turn to prostitutes for sexual satisfaction. As mentioned earlier, family is the building block of society. Therefore, its disintegration contributes towards the disintegration of society. According to Devlin, law should criminalize an act if that act causes intolerance and disgust among people (Sixth Form Law par4).
Majority of people do not support prostitution because of its effects on those involved and the society. Hart was wrong by arguing that law should not concern itself with immorality owing to the privacy of morality and freedom. He did not consider protecting the society’s welfare as important as preserving the individual right to privacy and freedom of choice. Devlin offered several guidelines that should define the relationship between law and morality. He stated that the privacy of morality should be esteemed.
However, if it does not serve to improve the well being of individuals and society, then law should intervene. In addition, he argued that law should only intervene when people become disgusted and intolerant with regard to certain acts or behaviors (Sixth Form Law par6). Devlin was aware of the importance of respecting the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality.
To advance this awareness, he suggested that law should have limits such that it only intervenes in situations that cause disgust and intolerance in the society. Devlin understood the importance of freedom in society. To protect individuals and society from the risks of immorality, laws should be enacted to criminalize certain acts of immorality.
The theory of utilitarianism Devlin’s arguments could be validated by the theory of utilitarianism. According to utilitarianism, an action is either right or wrong based on its outcome (Scarre 1). The theory goes beyond the needs of one person to the needs of others. John Stuart Mill made critical contributions to this theory. According to Mill, utilitarianism emphasizes the happiness of the majority rather than that of an individual as a basis for determining right and wrong (Scarre 4).
This theory can be used to support Devlin’s arguments and determine whether they were sensible. Devlin stated that law should decriminalize conduct only in cases where certain acts or behaviors caused intolerance and disgust among people. According to Mill, an act is right if it gives happiness to the majority (Scarre 4). If society becomes disgusted because of an act or behavior, then the act is an obstacle to happiness. According to utilitarianism, such an act is wrong.
Bentham’s principle of utility explores the role of pain and pleasure in the lives of people. An important aspect of the principle is its criteria of measuring pleasure and pain. The principle considers the purity of an action as a basis for determining whether it is wrong or right. According to the Bentham, pleasure should not be followed by pain. The principle can be used to support Devlin’s arguments.
Immorality offers momentary pleasure. However, it is followed by pain that lasts for a long time. It hurts individuals and society. According to utilitarianism, the interests of the majority are more important than the interests of the minority. Therefore, if an act or behavior vexes the majority, then it should be criminalized. Differences emerged between Devlin and Hart because of the difficulty experienced in determining the scope of law with regard to morality.
In his arguments, Devlin asked a question that sought to know the type of conduct that should be criminalized. He offered an answer by introducing the aspect of harm. If certain conduct causes harm, it should be criminalized. As demonstrated through the discussion of homosexuality and prostitution, immorality causes harm to individuals and society. Therefore, it is important to criminalize it. Devlin’s arguments were valid.
Weaknesses of Hart’s arguments Hart argued that people should be given freedom to do what they want (Sixth Form Law par10). He supported the Wolfenden committee’s recommendation to decriminalize homosexuality and prostitution because of the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality. He argued that the views of the majority are usually based on superstition, fear, ignorance, and prejudice that should not be used to impose unfair principles and ideologies on other people (Sixth Form Law par10).
Freedom is a basic human right that should be fostered and respected. People should be allowed to express themselves through their actions and choices. However, other factors are important to the development of human life. When formulating his arguments, Hart considered only one aspect of human life and ignored the other. Human beings have an individual aspect and a social aspect.
Hart ignored the social aspect of human beings. As social beings, humans rely on their communities, social groups, and families for support. These families, communities, and social groups form what is referred to as society. Therefore, society is an important aspect of human life. If individuality is important to people, so is society.
Law should protect and promote the development of individuality as well as the advancement of society. Hart viewed law as an obstacle to the progress of individuality. However, it serves both individuals and society. Devlin was aware of the critical role played by law in advancing individuality. He argued that legislature should consider certain core principles when enacting laws. For example, it should enact laws that respect individual freedom and individual privacy.
He argued that law should only act when the integrity of society is severely violated. According to Devlin, this allowed for toleration of maximum individual freedom as long as it fostered and respected the integrity of society. He was right because certain conduct even though immoral, does not violate the integrity of society. Law should be applied selectively and legislature should consider the aforementioned principles before implementing laws that affect morality.
Hart further used Mill’s harm principle to support his arguments. According to the harm principle, limits should be placed on an individual’s actions only if they harm people. Hart used this principle selectively by failing to evaluate the harm that immorality causes. As mentioned earlier, immorality causes harm to both individuals and society.
This was evident from exploration of the effects of homosexuality and prostitution. Therefore, it is right to criminalize acts of immorality that harm other people. Hart focused more on individual liberty and ignored its effects on other people when applied in certain instances. Devlin did not refute that individual liberty is important.
However, he was concerned that if not limited in certain situations, then it had the potential to hurt other people. In contemporary society, many nations operate on the principle of majority rule. Therefore, whatever is comfortable to the majority in society becomes rule. In order to avoid contradiction and conflict of interest, it is important to develop guiding principles that determine how people behave in various circumstances.
It is impossible to satisfy everyone in society. For that reason, compromise is an important factor in finding a common ground on which to operate. According to Dworkin, the Hart-Devlin debate should be overlooked. He stated that criminalization or decriminalization of behavior should be based on whether it is a basic or universal liberty. He suggested that law should not criminalize all basic liberties but only those that harm other people. It is important to reach consensus when defining harm as well as basic and universal liberties.
The definition of immorality is relative but its relationship to law could be well defined by considering the arguments of Devlin. Devlin’ argument was the most sensible because it considered and valued individual liberty as well as the importance of society. Hart ignored the value of society in the development of individual welfare.
Conclusion The Hart-Devlin debate was motivated by a report published by the Wolfenden committee that recommended the decriminalization of prostitution and homosexuality. The committee argued that law should not interfere with the freedom of choice and the privacy of morality. Hart’s arguments were weak because they were biased. They emphasized the importance of individual liberty and ignored the significance of creating a society that advances individual liberty.
On the other hand, Devlin’s arguments were strong and unbiased. They included the importance of individual liberty and society. Devlin argued that it is important to control conduct in order to foster the well-being of individuals and society. Further, he argued that society and individual liberty are equally important to human beings. However, he urged legislature to respect individual liberty in its process of implementing laws that affect morality.
Prostitution and homosexuality are examples of behaviours that harm individuals and society. Therefore, Devlin was right in stating that law should criminalize conduct based on the harm it causes. The foregoing discussion on prostitution and homosexuality shows how they affect individuals and society. Devlin’s arguments are augmented by the theory of utilitarianism and the principle of harm.
The theory of utilitarianism states that the happiness of the majority is more important than that of the minority when defining right and wrong. Devlin’s arguments can be based on this theory. If immorality does not bring happiness to the majority in society, it should be criminalized .
Hart’s arguments disrespected society as a vital aspect of human life. In formulating and presenting his arguments, Hart ignored the importance of advancing society through criminalization of conduct that harms other people. People are social beings. Therefore, the well-being of the society should be preserved and advanced because society is a product of people’s socialization.
Works Cited Davies, Pamela, Francis Peter, and Geer Chris. Victims, Crime, and Society. New York: SAGE, 2007. Print.
Heilbronn, Gary. Introducing the Law. New York: CCH Australia Limited, 2008. Print.
Scarre, Geoffrey. Utilitarianism. New York: Routledge, 2002. Print.
Sixth Form Law: Hart-Devlin Debate. (n.d). Web. .
Ward, Ian. Introduction to Critical Legal Theory. New York: Psychology Press, 2009. Print.
Perception of Organized Crime Essay college admissions essay help
Organized crime, in my view, occurs when two or more persons form a rational, ongoing conspiracy to commit crime for reasons such as the desire to make a profit or religious and political extremism. The term can therefore be described as a continuing criminal undertaking that rationally works to benefit from illegal activities through the use of force, intimidation, domination, and/or the corruption of public officials.
This perception is supported in the literature by Albanese (2012), who also argues that the criminal enterprise might consist of two individuals engaged in a small-scale conspiracy, or a comprehensive network of individuals located in several countries but glued together by their intent to commit a multinational crime.
Several assumptions have been made in providing the definition of organized crime. For example, it has been assumed that a single offender has no capacity to plan and execute organized crime, that there must be a form of rational planning for organized crime to be successfully executed, and that organized crime offenders do not necessary seek to benefit financially from their criminal enterprise.
The personal description and perception of organized crime, in my view, is different from the descriptions found in the two books. For example, although Lyman and Potter (2007) agree that organized crime is a rational, ongoing conspiracy among two or more persons to commit a crime, they nevertheless argue that the most profitable forms of organized crime primarily focus on scams and schemes involving absolutely legal actions such as labor racketeering and extortion.
The distinctive feature, therefore, is embedded in the fact that it may be difficult to distinguish organized crime from other legal activities. In sampling the major similarity, however, it is evident that organized crime entails a rational, ongoing conspiracy because the authors agree that crimes of this nature are not just organized but well thought out and executed with the precise objective of evading detection.
The personal perception of organized crime is also different from the definition provided by Mallory (2007), although a few similarities can be noted. The author is of the opinion that a proper definition of organized crime “refers to acts that are both mala in se and mala prohibita, and includes detailed information about how these activities became organized” (Mallory, 2007 p. 3).
However, he acknowledges that there is no agreed upon definition of organized crime, hence persons, agencies and states dealing with this form of crime must take into account the structure, objectives for conspiracy, and characteristics of the group on a case-by-case basis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In discussing the characteristics associated with organized criminal behavior, one of the underlying factors is that actors in organized crime may not necessarily be driven by profit gain. For example, Islamic terrorists commit crimes of an organized nature largely due to religious and political considerations. Another characteristic of organized criminal behavior is premised on the fact that two or more people must come together to form an ongoing conspiracy, with the view to executing crimes for whatever reasons.
Indeed, Albanese (2012) opines that “the vast majority of these offenses simply cannot be carried out effectively by lone offenders, by those who are not organized, or by those without contacts in other countries” (p. 3). For example, the transnational crime of child trafficking is committed by two or more people, who must have formed a rational, ongoing conspiracy to execute the crime across several countries.
Another defining characteristic associated with organized criminal behavior is that, in most instances, the actors in the criminal enterprise employ force, threats, and intimidation to protect markets, or disorient the social fabric by igniting fear among the populace. However, as suggested by Treadwell (2014), this trend is increasingly changing as more and more people engage in cybercrime. As a matter of fact, most cybercrimes are organized in nature and scope, but actors can perpetrate a crime against an individual several thousand miles away from them.
Other characteristics of organized crime include (1) a clear unit of command within a group, (2) principle of definition, which clearly defines authority and responsibility of members, (3) a span of control, (4) principle of objectivity, which defines the purpose of the organization or the business that is undertaken, (5) insulation and the need-to-know principle, which binds members to only contact their immediate boss and peers, (6) a pyramidal structure, whereby orders and important decisions are made at the top, (7) principle of specialization, which binds members to be experts in a single job function, and (8) strict adherence to rules (Mallory, 2012).
Overall, this paper has looked into the issue of organized crime from a personal perspective and also from the definitions provided in the readings. Additionally, the characteristics associated with organized criminal behavior have been well illuminated.
Drawing from this exposition, it is clear that no singular definition of organized crime will ever be developed; however, criminologists and other interested parties must learn to develop a consensus in defining this form of crime based on the nature and scope of the case as well as the distinctive features and characteristics of groups involved in organized crime.
References Albanese, J.D. (2012). Deciphering the linkages between organized crime and transnational crime. Journal of International Affairs, 66(1), 1-16.
We will write a custom Essay on Perception of Organized Crime specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lyman, M.D.,
Ambivalent Conquest Essay (Book Review) essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents An Overview of the Book
Clendinnen’s Main Argument
Methods and Evidence
Strengths and Weakness of the Book
Significance of the Book
An Overview of the Book In the Ambivalent Conquest, the author, Inga Clendinnen examines the Mayan trials initiated by Diego De Landa when he visited the Yucatan in 1561. Landa’s inquisition was motivated by reports of human sacrifice purportedly performed by the Mayans, whom he believed had been converted to Christianity.
Landa set out to eliminate the pagan practice of sacrifice of young women from a region that was under his control. He had brought Christianity to the natives and instituted a royal court to try Spanish soldiers who had committed crimes against the natives. However, the relapse into pagan worship made him to set up harsh trials against the natives in a bid to root out the practice.
Clendinnen attempts to explain Landa’s actions when he served as a rights activist and as an inquisitor. The author uses Landa’s pieces of writing, including the ‘Relacion’, to explore why Landa advocated for justice for torture victims (natives), but later punished the natives who offered human sacrifices.
In the book, Clendinnen analyzes the different issues raised by historians and scholars about Landa’s inhumane actions against the natives. She carefully explores the historical contexts, incidents, and controversies surrounding the Mayan culture and way of life. Overall, the book provides a compelling argument on the subject of Landa’s role before and after Yucatan’s Spanish invasion.
Clendinnen’s Main Argument The book presents the author’s narrative in a clear and unequivocal manner. The author’s monogram is clear, detailed, and replete with facts. However, the information bountiful information provided makes it difficult to understand the book’s thesis. The book’s chapters, the monogram, and the conclusion do not explain the author’s central argument.
Clendinnen’s main argument relates to her attitude and views about the Mayan culture. The author writes that Landa treated the Maya people with love and thus, felt betrayed when they left Christianity and returned to their heathen practices. Thus, in a bid to correct them, he instituted harsh inquisition trials against them.
In the author’s view, Although Landa did not intend to the Maya people, his punishment was unjustifiably severe. She argues that the inquisitions gave Landa another opportunity to redeem the lost souls of people he considered his sons and daughters. Previously, Landa had sought justice for the Maya people who had been tortured by the Spanish military and thus, his inquisition trials were not meant to eliminate them, but rather to save them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This interesting argument underscores the author’s perspectives on Landa’s actions towards the Maya people. She argues that Landa’s actions during the Mayan trials, though very severe at the time compared to other inquisitions, were justified. To reinforce this argument, the author describes the procedures were used during the inquisition and observes that Landa was fair in deciding who to be punished. Moreover, the author seems to believe that Landa had the authority and jurisdiction to oversee the trials.
The inquisition was instituted in 1230 C.E. to fight paganism and heathen practices in parts of Europe. It, however, led to the persecution of small religious sects by the Catholic Church. The Dominicans and Franciscans later dominated the inquisition, but received orders from the Papal Bull.
At the time, Landa was an appointed Franciscan Order who had arrived in Yucatan in 1549. He initiated the trials in 1561 without waiting for the orders of the appointed Bishop who was on his way to the Yucatan. The author argues that Landa’s actions were excessively severe and cannot be construed as disciplinary.
Methods and Evidence The author uses Landa’s own books on his Yucatan trip to explore his perspective on the inquisition trials. She uses the Landa’s book titled the Relacion de la Cosas de Yucatec to explain Landa’s perspective about the trials and his earlier opposition against the Spanish incursion in Yucatan.
This primary source allowed the author to articulate Landa’s perspective on the subject. Clendinnen also presents her narrative through a monograph on Landa’s actions between 1517 and 1570. In the monograph, she provides detailed information and her perspective on this historical subject.
Thus, her use of various primary sources, including those authored by Landa lends credence to her analysis of the historical injustices meted against the Maya during Landa’s inquisition trials. Moreover, Clendinnen’s monograph on this topic gives important insights into the Mayan culture and life. She presents her perspective in a way that does not criticize prevalent social, religious, and political conditions during this time.
Strengths and Weakness of the Book In this book, Clendinnen attempts to explain Landa’s actions when he championed for the rights of the Maya people and when he established trials against them. One of the strengths of this book relates to the author’s use of primary sources of information, including books authored by Landa, to support her argument.
We will write a custom Book Review on Ambivalent Conquest specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As aforementioned, this makes her argument compelling to the reader. Among the sources used is Landa’s ‘Relacion’ in which he explains the rationales for his ambivalent conquest. The author also explores the controversial issues surrounding this conquest.
Another major strength of the book is the inclusion of the author’s monograph. The monograph presents the historical facts and perspectives without condemning the Catholic Church, the Spanish military, the Dominicans, or the Franciscans. The monograph is also presented in a clear and readable manner. The narrative captivates the reader, as it is straightforward. However, some aspects of this book make it inadequate.
One of the weaknesses of this book is that the author’s thesis is not clear. Although Clendinnen organizes her narrative into different chapters, a monograph, and a conclusion, she does not clearly state her argument from the outset. Her failure to state the book’s thesis made her argument vague and equivocal.
Clendinnen at some point writes that the Mexican Provincial Council had by 1555 put in place clear policies and procedures on how inquisitions are conducted, which Landa should have followed. However, she does not provide a relevant citation to support this assertion.
Clendinnen portrays Landa as a patriarchal leader whose actions were so severe and inhumane. It is difficult to determine whether the Yucatan leaders were familiar with the Mexican Council’s inquisition order. Despite Clendinnen’s assertion, Landa may not have been familiar with such an order, which explains his inhumane actions.
Significance of the Book The book’s account of Landa’s actions reveals the historical injustices meted against the Maya people. It shows Landa’s role in liberating them from the Spanish incursion, his missionary work, and inhumane trials against the natives who had strayed to heathen practices. It underscores Landa’s sincere quest for the revival of the Mayans, which, however, subjected them to torture and inhumane treatment.
Bibliography Clendinnen Inga. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniards in Yucatan, 1517-1570.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ambivalent Conquest by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Footnotes Inga Clendinnen. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniards in Yucatan, 1517-1570. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 17
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 25
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 25
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 121
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 78
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 43
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 71
Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests, 212
Corporate Social Responsibility Role in Operations Management Report scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Overall, such a notion as corporate social responsibility (CSR) can be understood as the liability of an organization to its major stakeholders, in particular, clients, employees, and investors.
Furthermore, this concept can be used to describe the efforts of a company to increase the social, environmental, and economic benefits of their activities. These are the main interpretations that can be offered. CSR incorporates such elements as accountability of the management, safety of clients and employees, environmental protection, compensation, and quality control.
It is possible to single out five things that I would implement in order to implement the principles of CSR. First of all, I would focus on quality control of products and services. This initiative can improve the experiences of customers; moreover, it can help the company increase its profitability. So, this investment will be justified.
Secondly, I will implement a performance-appraise system that can take into account the contribution of every worker. Moreover, it may be necessary to raise the compensation of some employees. Although, this approach may increase the running expenses of the company, but it will help this organization retain the most talented staff. Thirdly, one should focus on the adoption of eco-friendly technologies. The main advantage of this policy is that it can give the company a technological edge.
Additionally, this strategy can reduce the impact of the company’s activities on the environment. Apart from that, it is critical to focus on the risk management in the organization. This emphasis is important for eliminating the threats to the life and health of workers. Finally, the management should select those suppliers that can deliver only high-quality raw materials or component parts.
These elements of corporate social responsibility are compatible with the financial interests of a business. Researchers emphasize that “operations managers are at forefront of trying to balance any costs of CSR with any benefits” (Slack, Chambers,
The Argument on the Specific Roles of Language, Knowledge, and Ideology Essay argumentative essay help
The connection between ideology, reason, knowledge, and language is discussed by many researchers because of the necessity to look at the role of relations between knowledge and language as the specific social power. These relations are discussed by Gary Peller within the social context, and the author states that knowledge, truth, objectivity, and reason can be considered as the victory in relation to the specific way of representing the world because people discuss these aspects as the truth without any interpretation.
This approach means the power of the tools used to represent the world as the absolute truth. To understand that this absence of interpretation is the result of using ideological tools and language and that culture and politics are closely connected with language and knowledge, it is necessary to refer to the works by Louis Althusser, Robert Ardrey, Kenneth Burke, Jeanne Gunner, and Doug Sweet.
Focusing on Peller’s idea, it is possible to note that people refer to truth, knowledge, and reason without interpretation because of the cultural and ideological impacts. Thus, Althusser pays much attention to the role of ideologies for forming the opinion or possible interpretation, and he states that the school, church, and army can teach ‘know-how’, “but in forms which ensure subjection to the ruling ideology or the mastery of its ‘practice’” (Althusser par. 23).
To add more vividness to the stated idea, Althusser continues that “Schools and Churches use suitable methods of punishment, expulsion, selection, etc., to ‘discipline’ not only their shepherds, but also their flocks” (Althusser par. 38). Focusing on Althusser’s statements, it is possible to state that knowledge and objectivity mentioned by Peller are only the perceptions formed with references to the ruling ideology, and this is the victory of the approach because people become forced to perceive the reality ‘objectively’.
The victory of the particular way to see the world associated with the notions of truth, knowledge, and reason depends on the large cultural and ideological lens, as it is stated by Gunner and Sweet. The success of such perceptions is based on the simple idea proclaimed by the authors that “the language we use shapes the stories we tell” (Gunner and Sweet 165).
In the next sentences, Gunner and Sweet provide the explanation to their simple and effective idea while stating that the process is ideological, and “by using language, we are automatically applying a particular lens that tells us how to see events, how to understand and judge them. Our view of our lives and the world at large is thus mediated by language” (Gunner and Sweet 165).
From this point, the representation of the world can be discussed as true because of the people’s reliance on lens and language shaped by ideology. Gunner and Sweet also state that the language style “is not separate from ideas” (Gunner and Sweet 180). Thus, language, knowledge, and ideology are closely connected, as it was stated earlier.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If Gunner and Sweet discuss the ideology as the specific lens to speak about the world and reality, Burke uses the idea of a color filter used in photography. Thus, Burke states that a photograph can reveal differences in form and texture, “depending upon which color filter was used for the documentary description of the event being recorded” (Burke 45).
This metaphor can be discussed as rather successful to represent the role of terms as filters for telling the story in order to guarantee its interpretation as the true one. Referring to the role of language and terms, Burke states that “the terms direct the attention to one field rather than to another”, thus, our observations of the world and reality are directly dependent on “our particular choice of terms” (Burke 46).
Thus, any terms necessarily “constitute a corresponding kind of screen” (Burke 50). While discussing the Peller’s statement, it is important to refer to Burke’s vision of the ‘screens’ made by terms because these screens, as well as Gunner and Sweet’s lens, make people perceive the stories told in relation to the history, economy, and social development as the truth because the victory is in using the effective linguistic tools. This approach is rational.
To look at the question from the other perspective, it is necessary to refer to Ardrey’s idea of anti-rational power used in the society. Thus, Ardrey claims that “conscience in human society becomes an essentially anti-rational power”, however, “conscience must exist in one form only, my own” (Ardrey 351). This statement supports the idea that ideology, knowledge, and reason work because they are widely accepted and function as people’s own perceptions and interpretations.
That is why, having examined the works by Louis Althusser, Robert Ardrey, Kenneth Burke, Jeanne Gunner, and Doug Sweet, it is possible to note that the authors’ arguments support the idea developed by Peller who is inclined to focus on the correlation between knowledge, reason, truth, and language as the important forces in the society.
The key to the victory is in the specific way of representing the world, and linguistic tools provide people with the opportunity to guarantee the expected perception of the reason, knowledge, and truth.
Works Cited Althusser, Louis. Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses. n.d. Web. .
We will write a custom Essay on The Argument on the Specific Roles of Language, Knowledge, and Ideology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ardrey, Robert. African Genesis: A Personal Investigation Into the Animal Origins and Nature of Man. USA: McGill-Queen’s Press – MQUP, 1963. Print.
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. USA: University of California Press, 1966. Print.
Gunner, Jeanne, and Doug Sweet. Grounds for Writers: Critical Perspectives for Reading. USA: Longman Publishing Group, 2007. Print.
Espresso Drive- Through Business and Product Cycle Essay college essay help: college essay help
The Espresso/Coffee Drive -Through will be a dessert café which will be located in Woodley Park, Washington DC. The area records high human and vehicular traffic which makes it appropriate for customers who are interested in consuming espresso, coffee and dessert products from the comfort of their vehicles.
This business idea is responsive to current trends because many urban consumers prefer fast foods to normal dining experiences due to time restrictions. The business will use tax incentives within this location to cut on costs and to differentiate itself in the market to help it attract large numbers of consumers. Value added features such as deliveries and internet booking of orders will also be adopted to make customers appreciate the quality of service offered.
Startup costs are estimated to be 50,000 dollars and this will be obtained mainly from personal savings because the business is a sole proprietorship. The business will offer consumers both personalized and technological service solutions that are convenient to their consumption patterns. The point of sale will have both coffee and espresso dispensers for consumers interested in getting instant services.
Additionally, consumers that prefer to consume the products within the premises will be served by service staff in the restaurant as they enjoy a warm ambience. Even though the restaurant mainly targets consumers who are on the move, its internal décor and sitting arrangements will be designed in a manner that increases customers’ comfort. The firm intends to use a strong consumer engagement strategy to develop products which serve clients’ needs effectively.
All espresso, coffee and dessert products are still in the introduction stage of the product life cycle. It will be important for the firm to adopt effective marketing and promotional channels to increase the number of clients who purchase and consume its products. The firm will leverage on the strong performance of its brand in the market to build customer trust and loyalty.
As a result, customers will be in a position to appreciate the value they get out of consuming these products and this will make it difficult for them to be swayed by substitute products offered by rival competitors. To achieve this target, the firm will have to invest in strong research and development processes to ensure it develops products that conform to consumers’ lifestyles and needs.
Strong customer service by the firm’s staff will be used to make consumers have positive perceptions about the quality of services offered by the firm. The primary mode of marketing the firm intends to rely on is word of mouth from satisfied customers who are willing to make repeat visits with their friends, colleagues and family members.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since it targets mainly an urban and sophisticated population, the restaurant will provide a wide range of solutions that satisfy diverse consumption patterns. Online bookings, deliveries and self-service are some of the valuable features that are going to be included in the overall service plan. If necessary, the firm will consider expanding its product line to incorporate new offerings that are likely to attract consumers from other social and cultural segments.
More importantly, the firm intends to increase its sales by 40% and 20%, in the second and third years of its operations respectively. After the third year, the strategic outlook focuses on opening three new branches in the city due to maximize on the increase in brand value in the market.
Compensation management Report (Assessment) essay help
Compensation plans that employees and employers might favor Employees are more likely to favor defined contribution plans over defined benefit plans. A defined contribution plan involves contributions by both an employee and employer toward an employee’s pension plan.
In a defined contribution plan, an employer pays a monthly amount of money toward an employee’s retirement benefits (Martocchio, 2011a, 2011b). Defined contribution plans give employees some assurance that they would benefit from their pension plans because they would control the amount they would be contributing, as well as what their employers would be contributing on a monthly basis.
Through defined contribution plans, employees are able to earn interest on the retirement savings because they are invested in many forms of investments, for example, stock markets and real estates, among others. Once an employee retires, his or her account is utilized to offer retirement benefits, which could sometimes be used to buy an annuity that provides a regular source of income (Martocchio, 2011b).
Plans that employers might favor On the other hand, employers might favor defined benefit plans over defined contribution plans. Employers use predetermined formula to calculate what they contribute toward an employee’s retirement plan. Rather than giving contributions based on the amount of money that employees contribute, employers use parameters such as an employee’s age, salary history, period of service, and age to calculate the actual amounts (Martocchio, 2011b).
The inclusion of the factors in the calculation results in different amounts of contributions made by an employer to different workers within an organization. In addition, employers would calculate and be aware of the amount of retirements that they would pay to workers (Martocchio, 2011a).
Choices to control healthcare costs Employers can control the amount of costs they incur in providing healthcare to their workers by several ways. First, they can promote healthcare consumerism by enhancing cost transparency and consumer buying behavior.
Consumerism would enable employees to become better shoppers with regard to healthcare services (Martocchio, 2011b). Second, they can select providers who are characterized by competitive healthcare rates or costs. By so doing, they would make considerable savings on the costs they would pay for their employees’ healthcare.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third, employers can invest in personal health coaches who would work to ensure that employees do not engage in lifestyle activities that would lead to poor health. This could involve advising workers to stop smoking and eating healthy food. Fourth, they can encourage their workers to be more proactive with regard to their healthcare matters (Martocchio, 2011a, 2011b). This would help employees get better coinsurance percentages, deductible amounts and health savings account contributions.
Pros and cons of top-down versus bottom-up budgeting in compensation Top-down budgeting is a cost effective budgeting approach used in compensation because it does not involve many persons (Martocchio, 2011b). Employers or managers are in control of the funds that are budgeted through top-down approach. However, the budgeting method makes it difficult to engage workers who are the beneficiaries of compensation plans (Martocchio, 2011a). Also, it is difficult to change top-down budgeting because it is controlled by the top management.
With bottom-up budgeting, employees are engaged in financial estimation process. Also, the needs of workers are considered because they give their views during the budgeting process. However, bottom-up budgeting is characterized by high costs due to a high number of persons involved in the process. The budgeting approach is difficult to evaluate and legitimate with regard to attracting more funds for compensation (Martocchio, 2013).
Controlling labor costs Many organizations spend a significant amount of their income on labor. Although labor is an essential component in realizing excellent and sustained growth, organizations should aim to control labor costs (Martocchio, 2013). Reducing overtime and implementing measures to avoid overtime in the future would be a good way to control labor costs. Cost management objectives should be achieved by a proper analysis of labor budget. In addition, the number of workers should be reduced based on census fluctuations.
References Martocchio, J. J. (2011a). Employee Benefits: A primer for Human Resources Professionals. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Martocchio, J. J (2011b). Strategic Compensation: A human Resource Management Approach (6th ed.). Upper Saddle Valley, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Martocchio, J. J (2013). Employee benefits. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
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Generations at the Workplace Essay (Critical Writing) best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Mature Generation
Introduction Employees who belong to different generations have varied expectations, skills, and experiences that affect their work both positively and negatively. This paper will identify and discuss the factors that help and hinder the performance of various generations at the workforce.
Generation Y Generation Y employees are techno-savvy. They have excellent skills for using modern information and communication technologies, which enable them to complete their tasks effectively. They are also capable of multitasking at the workplace. Multitasking leads to improved productivity and efficiency. Most generation Y employees prefer clear and direct communication with their bosses (Mullich 49-54). This style of communication not only eliminates misunderstandings, but also facilitates quick decision making.
However, most generation Y employees lack professionalism. They dress inappropriately and lack respect for others’ privacy. Generally, lack of professionalism limits generation Y employees’ ability to provide good customer service and to interact effectively with their colleagues. Generation Y employees’ are not effective in solving problems due to their poor critical thinking skills. In addition, they do not like criticism. As a result, they can hardly improve their performance by learning from their colleagues or their mistakes.
Generation X Generation X employees are confident and often demonstrate high levels of competency in their work. As a result, they are capable of addressing challenges at the workplace effectively. Generation X employees are also likely to succeed in leadership roles due to their willingness to take on responsibility and to put extra effort to achieve their work targets.
Most generation X employees prefer to engage in ethical behaviors (Mullich 49-54). Thus, they are likely to make decisions that improve the image of their organization in the community. Despite these capabilities, generation X employees face difficulties in understanding generation Y employees. This limits their ability to supervise generation Y employees effectively.
Baby Boomers Baby boomers have a lot of experience in executing various business processes. This attribute enables baby boomers to handle crises at the workplace. Good communication skills coupled with willingness to take on responsibility enable baby boomers to provide excellent mentorship and leadership in their organizations (Mullich 49-54). Baby boomers promote ethical behavior at the workplace by supporting strong work ethic.
The major challenge among baby boomers is that they are reluctant to adopt new technologies. For instance, some doctors in their sixties prefer to give paper-based prescriptions rather than online ones in order to avoid misleading their patients. Generally, baby boomers’ performance is negatively affected by their reluctance to adopt new technologies that are being introduced in the modern business environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Mature Generation Mature employees are important in every organization due to the vast knowledge and experience that they have. Having a good knowledge of various business processes enables mature employees to solve problems, thereby creating competitive advantages for their organizations. Mature employees are also known for making wise decisions and paying attention to detail.
As a result, they are able to avoid costly mistakes. However, mature employees are sometimes unproductive due to their advanced age and reluctance to embrace new technologies.
Conclusion Each generation of employees is characterized with specific attributes that influence their performance at the workplace. Generally, different generations of employees have unique capabilities that lead to improved performance. Consequently, companies should recruit employees from different generations to improve their competitiveness.
Work Cited Mullich, Joe. “They Do Not Retire them, they Hire them.” Workforce Management 1 Dec. 2003: 49-54. Print.
Protection of the Innocent Argumentative Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Children are vulnerable people in need of love and protection by their families and the community. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) has been committed to ensure such protection, as specifically stated in Article 2.2: “States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child’s parents, legal guardians, or family members.” (UNCRC, 1989).
Being a signatory in the UNCRC, the UK is one country that upholds the rights of children to be protected. The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) reports that approximately 50,500 children in the UK are at risk of child abuse. As of March 2012, there were 50,573 children included in child protection registers, broken down as follows: England: 42,850; Northern Ireland: 2,127; Scotland: 2,706; Wales: 2,890 (NSPCC, 2014).
The public document on “Working Together To Safeguard Children” (HM Government, 2006) defines important concepts in relation to child abuse. Children are maltreated when there is abuse and neglect involved. Radford et al (2011) conducted a study to determine the statistics of child maltreatment.
They found that one in four young adults (25.3%) and one in five children aged 11-17 years (18.6%) had been severely maltreated as children. 14.5% of young adults and 13.4% of children aged 11-17 of their interviewed subjects have suffered severe maltreatment by their own parents or guardians.
Inflicting harm or acts that do not prevent harm are considered acts of abuse or neglect. Such acts may fall in one or more of the following:
Physical Abuse: “involves hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating, or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child.” (HM Government, 2006, p.37). Radford et al. (2011) found in their study that one in nine young adults or 11.5% and one in fourteen children aged 11-17 or 6.9% have experienced severe physical violence as children by adults.
Emotional Abuse: the emotional maltreatment causing severe and adverse effects on the child’s psyche. Examples are making the child feel unloved or worthless through name-calling, imposition of tasks beyond the child’s developmental capability, prevention of the child’s social or educational interactions, bullying, and the like (HM, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Radford et al.’s study (2011) revealed that 6.9% of young adults and 6.8% of children aged 11.17 years have experienced emotional abuse. Many children and young adults have also been exposed to domestic violence between adults while they were growing up, causing the children emotional pain.
Sexual Abuse: is the malicious pressure on a child to be part of a sexual activity. This may include prostitution, rape, molestation or oral sex, looking at or being a participant in the production of pornographic materials, or encouraging children to behave in a manner that is sexually inappropriate (HM Government, 2006).
Radford et al.’s study (2011) revealed that one in twenty children (4.8%) reported they have experienced sexual abuse with physical contact and 90% of these children were abused by someone they knew. 34% of the children who experienced contact sexual abuse were forced by their perpetrators to keep it a secret so they did not reveal it to anyone. 82% of the children who experienced contact sexual abuse by another child kept it a secret.
Neglect: Children also have a right to be protected from neglect. This is the parent’s or guardian’s consistent failure to provide the child with basic physical and/or psychological needs which may result in adverse consequences for the child. Neglect is failure to provide a child with adequate food, clothing and shelter, protection from physical and emotional harm, access to proper medical care and adequate supervision.
Negligent parents or caregivers also fail to address the child’s emotional needs (HM Government, 2006). Neglect was identified by Radford et al. (2011) to be the most prevalent kind of maltreatment. 16% of young adults and 13.3% of children aged 11-17 years reported they had experienced neglect. Radford et al.’s study did not cover reports from children aged 10 and younger, and from the pattern provided by the participants of their study, this statistic is frighteningly left to speculation.
Anda et al. (2005) studied long term consequences of abuse and neglect on children. The victims are also likely to be perpetrators of abuse themselves, repeating the vicious cycle with their own children. Some victims may be in need of psychological therapy lest they suffer from severe depression and other neurotic illnesses or personality disorders. It is also possible for some child abuse victims to engage in delinquent activities such as prostitution, pornography, drug abuse, or crime.
As a solution to the persistent problem of child abuse, it is commendable that many agencies, private organizations and civilians have expressed their desire to join hands with the government in protecting, safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. One important step is reporting child abuse so that it is investigated. Everyone should be vigilant in child protection so that child abuse perpetrators become discouraged to carry out their evil acts or are punished accordingly if they continue harming children.
We will write a custom Essay on Protection of the Innocent specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Bremner, J. D. Walker, J. D., Whitfield, C., Perry, B. D.,
Dube, S. R. and. Giles, W. H. (2005). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 256(3): 174–86.
HM Government (2006) Working Together to Safeguard Children: A guide to inter- agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. Every Child Matters Change for Children. London: TSO.
NSPCC (2014) Incidence and prevalence of child abuse and neglect. Web.
Radford, L., Corral, S., Bradley, C., Fisher, H., Bassett, C., Howat, N.and Collishaw, S. (2011) Child abuse and neglect in the UK today . London: NSPCC.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) (1989) Retrieved from http://www.cirp.org/library/ethics/UN-convention/
Drone Technology and the Future Essay a level english language essay help
The book, “Outliers”, discusses a variety of factors that influence unimaginable success in various fields by incorporating evidence of the achievements of individuals such as Bill Gates and Joseph Flom, and groups like the Beatles. The author, Malcolm Gladwell, examines the influence of different backgrounds on an individual’s intelligence and the ability to arrive at a rational decision.
Malcolm places a lot of emphasis on the need for persistence and dedication when pursuing an objective by repeatedly stating, “Elite performers had totaled 10,000 hours of practice” in their occupation (Gladwell 38). The book highlights the fact that societal settings and notions greatly hamper the realization of the full potential of most people.
Malcolm illustrates that people who achieve outstanding success often appear as rebellious and misfits in the context of the society’s perception of achievement. The author focuses on individuals whose level of success goes beyond the imagination of most people and challenges the reader to analyze the interplay of factors such as family, culture and friendships in influencing the achievements of successful people.
Malcolm claims that successful people get opportunities and resources that are not available to other people, which give them an upper hand in realizing their dreams. An analysis of the history of the drone technology highlights the concept of the 10,000 Hour Rule considering that modern high-tech UAVs came into being due to the initiatives of the19th century scientists and the improvements by their successors.
The preciseness and robustness of modern drones took several decades to achieve just the like the Beatles who achieved greatness by dedicating a lot of time into their music career between 1960 and 1964. The idea of drones dates back to the 19th century when Austrians used unmanned balloons to bomb Venice and later advanced during the First and Second World Wars mainly in Germany, Israel and the United States.
The balloons had limited range, efficiency and precision due to unfavorable winds and the need for very strong batteries to generate electromagnetic fields to fire the bombs. The invention of winged aircrafts advanced the idea of the Austrians regarding unmanned vehicles that pilots could control from a distance. After the First World War, research on radio-controlled aircrafts continued mainly in Britain and the U.S with researchers ascribing the term “drone” to aerial targets controlled using radio systems.
The tactics employed in modern warfare focus on inflicting the greatest damage on the enemy while ensuring minimal risks on personnel. The invention of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has led to a significant decline in the loss of personnel in combat zones. The highly sophisticated telecommunication systems installed in drones allow a crew, positioned miles away, to maneuver the vehicle into dangerous combat zones.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The use of satellite communication links and GPS systems to control the flight of drones such as the Predator and Global Hawk has significantly improved the range for UAVs allowing communication with pilots located thousands of miles away from the vehicle. The control system of a drone may include onboard computer systems or transmitters and receivers that allow remote control from a ground station.
While the launch and recovery of the first prototype of UAVs relied on remote piloting, modern drones mostly employ the concept of autonomous control. Although the concept of drone technology arose in response to the need to reduce the trauma and casualties associated with the crash of military aircrafts and to perform risky operations, there has been an increasing use of drones in civil applications.
“A growing number of entities are using drones for tasks such as policing and patrol, firefighting, surveillance and reconnaissance” (McManus 100). The versatility of drones has seen an increased use of the vehicles in news coverage and documentation of events such as the Sochi Olympics and recent political protests in Bangkok and Thailand.
The future of UAVs seems bright with the current research on Stealth Technology, Thrust Vectoring and supercomputing to allow, “A new era of UVAs that send data on high-bandwidths in real-time through air, water and space” (Springer 193). With the increasing use of drones by civilians, the vehicles will become a necessary acquisition for performing routine surveillance and maintenance tasks in homes, schools and business premises.
The declining cost of manufacturing drones and availability of customized and miniature vehicles has enabled people to own drones at a cost of about 500 dollars. The field of geographic information systems (GIS) will greatly expand in the future in response to the development of drones for all purposes. GIS is at the center of the effective operation of drones because the vehicles rely on software and hardware that allows the analysis and manipulation of spatial and attribute data in real-time.
Geographic referencing facilitates the analysis of patterns and trends in locations, which are easy to present on screens, maps and charts and integrate into network systems. The advancement in the drone technology offers an opportunity through which an intelligent and driven person can attain great success just like in the analysis of successful people in the Outliers.
Works Cited Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: the story of success. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2008. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Drone Technology and the Future specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More McManus, Ron . The Drone Enigma. New York: Morgan James Publishing, 2014. Print.
Springer, Paul. Military robots and drones: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, 2013. Print.
Getting the Contract Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Pre-negotiation process is as significant as the real contract negotiation. In this regard, the pre-negotiation process provides a platform for the contractor to approach and manage issues affecting the negotiation. A general perception about pre-negotiation is that the process allows the contractor to determine risks associated with committing into a contract.
In addition, the contractor determines potential conflicts and consequently resolves them in a pre-negotiation process. From this perspective, the contractor uses the process to prepare for the negotiation by adapting co-operative perceptions and behaviors. However, the importance of pre-negotiation is understood by analyzing the concept’s process.
Pre-negotiation stages The first stage in a pre-negotiation process involves participants’ selection. In this regard, selecting participants who have the authority to make decisions is critical (Druckman, 2001). This is essential as it makes the decision-making process easy. Selecting participants with knowledge and skills on matters pertaining to business contracts is vital. Knowledgeable participants ensure that a negotiation process is valuable to the company.
The second stage of the pre-negotiation process involves setting negotiation guidelines. In most cases, negotiations can lead to a conflict and unresolved issues. In this regard, a framework on how negotiation will be conducted requires prior planning (Druckman, 2001). A negotiation framework is critical in reducing risks that may affect the company’s commitment in the contract.
Through negotiation guidelines a company benefit by linking its values with other parties. In addition, a negotiation guideline narrows down the scope of the contract. In general, effective negotiation guidelines are a major factor in determining the success of a contract.
Setting negotiation agenda is another process that requires preparation before the actual negotiation (Druckman, 2001). In this regard, participants from the negotiating parties are to formulate an agenda using their expertise. This process ensures that a consensus to achieve a common goal is realized before negotiation commences.
Moreover, this process ensures that the negotiation does not consume a lot of time. In addition, the pre-negotiation decision to set an agenda eliminates risks and uncertainties associated with the actual negotiation. From this perspective, the company can determine whether the negotiation is valuable or not.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A coalition building activity should be a core element of the pre-negotiation process. This activity ensures that the company’s public image is improved. In addition, a coalition building activity ensures that all procedures and legalities are duly followed during the negotiation process. This saves the company from negative legal implications resulting from contract malpractices.
From a pre-negotiation process, the company should benefit from an improved relationship with the negotiating partner (Druckman, 2001). This is critical for future business opportunities. Collecting and validating crucial information such as supplier cost and contract value is determined at the pre-negotiation process.
Finally, the pre-negotiation process is significant in managing the company’s expectations. Therefore, the company makes the relevant decisions regarding the terms of negotiation, the role of negotiating participants and contract value.
Techniques Companies consider government and relative agencies as potential clients (Watkins, Edwards
“Evaluating You and Your Business Idea” a Book by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
The paper is aimed at examining the chapter Evaluating You and Your Business Idea from the textbook written by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren. These authors pay attention to the process of goal setting, and they offer some valuable recommendations to future entrepreneurs.
On the whole, these researchers believe that an individual should identify personal and economic objectives that should be attained (Covello and Hazelgren 13). In other words, it is necessary to examine the financial objectives that should be achieved by the enterprise. Moreover, it is vital to quantify these economic objectives (Covello and Hazelgren 13). Furthermore, a person should explain why he/she wants to work in a specific area of business.
Moreover, it is vital to explain how this particular choice can help a person fulfill his/her talents or ambitions. To some degree, these goals included in this plan are consistent with the recommendations offered by these authors. In particular, this plan includes clear economic objectives that are quantified. However, it is necessary to pay more attention to personal objectives because they are not clearly identified. This is one of the drawbacks that can be singled out.
Additionally, it is important to discuss the distinction between short and long-term objectives. This distinction is important for the successful implementation of business plans. In this way, one can better develop the strategies for the development of a business (Covello and Hazelgren 13). Furthermore, this knowledge can help a person see the relations between different steps that will be taken in the future (Covello and Hazelgren 13).
The given plan includes some of the goals that will be attained in the near future. Moreover, it is critical to single out the resources that should be accumulated. For instance, the author of this plan discusses the need to accumulate start-up capital. Apart from that, this plan includes some long-term objectives. In particular, the writer mentions the intention to open new shops within the next four years.
Furthermore, Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren believe that it is necessary to set the timelines for the implementation of the goals (15). However, these researchers also note that in many cases, such timelines cannot be rigidly fixed. Moreover, by focusing only on timelines, a person can make flawed business decisions. This is one of the pitfalls that should be avoided. To a great extent, the plan, which is analyzed, is compatible with the suggestions offered by the authors of this chapter.
Nevertheless, there are some limitations of this plan, and they should not be overlooked. For instance, this document does not clearly show how this venture can gain the loyalty of clients. It is not evident why they will choose the services of this particular café. In turn, this issue is examined by Joseph Covello and Brian Hazelgren who believe that entrepreneurs should differentiate the venture among other companies. This is one of the issues that should be taken into account.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the whole, the discussion suggests when starting up a business venture, a person should clearly explain the steps that will be taken to attain business goals. Moreover, one should clearly identify the resources that will be needed. The elements of this plan are compatible with the recommendations offered by scholars. Nevertheless, the author does not show why the future venture will be remain competitive. These are the main arguments that can be advanced.
Works Cited Covello, Joseph, and Brian Hazelgren. “Evaluating You and Your Business Idea.” Complete Book of Business Plans: Simple Steps to Writing Powerful Business Plans. Ed. Joseph Covello and David Carpenter. New York, NY: Sourcebooks, Inc, 2006. Print.
Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Discrimination in Employment
Discrimination in Housing
Discrimination in Ownership of Property
Discrimination in Education
Discrimination in Leadership
Introduction After 1945, American soldiers returned from the Second World War that had just ended. Their return plunged the nation into a state of economic boom in the housing sector. The economic boom transpired due to the availability of benefits acquired by veterans from the war. However, the period witnessed high levels of racial discrimination against the Black Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Mexican Americans, whom the White Americans deemed as the minority groups.
In this view, the concept of race defined the United States history just after the Second World War because it formed the basis of employment, acquisition of property, and attainment of leadership positions. Therefore, the essay explains that race is concept that is more important than class in understanding American history after 1945.
Overview Race is a concept that highlights the American history after the Second World War. After 1945, America went through a period when racism was highly pronounced. During the period, the Whites believed that people from the minority groups were lesser beings than those from the majority groups (Cowie 49).
The minority groups were in the category of marginalized groups and many services provided by the federal government went to the White Americans. Areas such as employment, education, property ownership, and leadership were a preserve of the White Americans. Therefore, race is a concept that best explains the history of America after the Second World War.
Discrimination in Employment The minority groups in the United States experienced and endured discrimination in employment sector due to the institutionalized racism. The federal government enacted and passed laws that denied the minority groups the chance to work in the United States. The laws governed the terms of employment, working conditions, as well as salaries and wages. According to Sugrue, “Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York played a decisive role in deepening racial inequality in the city” (86).
Moreover, the federal government and private employers were reluctant or unwilling to hire employees of African, Asian, or Mexican origins. Therefore, a number of people from the minority groups worked in plantations such as rice fields, which had poor working conditions and low wages. Most of the employees from the minority groups received very little wages, and subjected to hard work and harsh treatment as opposed to employees from the majority groups.
The White Americans discriminated against the minority groups making them victims of racism in the United States. The federal government redlined the minorities and created a harsh working environment for them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Native Americans received harsh and inhuman treatment from their employers or superiors who perceived them as unimportant beings basing on their color or ethnical background. In workplaces, employers or superiors overlooked employees from the minority groups in aspects such as promotion and increment of salaries or wages. The racial disparity in promotion and salary or wage increments took place irrespective of the performance of the employees from the minority groups.
Therefore, unemployed members of the minority groups demonstrated their anger through riots and strikes organized by unions in an attempt to communicate their grievances to the federal government (Cowie 225). Thus, the minority groups experienced pronounced levels of racial discrimination in places of work orchestrated by the federal government and the private sector. The riots and demonstrations led to the loss of lives and eventually recognition of the minority rights.
Discrimination in Housing Soon after the Second World War, the minority groups became the main target of discrimination under the basis of race and place of origin. The United States federal government introduced policies that segregated people from the minority groups and prevented them from accessing good houses. The federal government limited the access of the minority groups to good housing using the housing administration, which was a body charged with the provision of shelter to the citizens of the United States.
In an attempt to limit equal access to good housing among minority groups, the federal government denied them low-interest loans and forcefully acquired their houses. Sugrue outlines that “Detroit’s public housing was racially segregated” (86). Furthermore, the boom from veterans of the Second World War worsened the housing problem as houses became scarce; hence, cases of discrimination quickly emerged with the scramble for the few available houses.
Most of the White Americans who were house owners declined application for housing from minority groups, but instead accepted applications from White American tenants. Mortgage companies also tailored their policies in a manner that favored the White Americans in the United States.
As a result, many potential house owners from the minority groups found it very difficult to acquire good houses because mortgage prices were high and favored the White Americans. Cowie explains that Martin Luther King Junior campaigned “to support the striking sanitation workers as a building block in ‘poor people campaign,’ a new march in Washington that would be a Selma-like movement on economic issues” (65).
Therefore, minority groups used unions to present their grievances to the government. Additionally, the minority groups lost their houses through forceful acquisition, deception, and fraud to the White Americans. Racial discrimination in the housing sector forced the minority groups to seek shelter in camps and shanties where the living conditions were poor. In some cases where the minority groups managed to get houses, they paid higher amounts of rent than what their White counterparts did.
We will write a custom Essay on Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Discrimination in Ownership of Property After 1945, policies designed by the federal government of the United States favored the Whites and discriminated against the minority groups. Ownership of property among minority groups became a very complex and difficult affair for officials in the government declined their proposals, deceived them, and refused to help them acquire property in the United States.
Although a few members of the minority group had the limited access to property acquisition, the state frequently confiscated their properties and declared them as illegal. Unfair treatment had its basis on the color and appearance of the individuals because of their racial background (Sugrue 8).
During the period after 1945, the federal laws and policies prohibited ownership of property by the minority groups. One of the factors that contributed to the prohibition is the misconceptions held by White Americans concerning the minority groups.
Property owners, managers, and agents discriminated against the minority groups in the sale of properties and business outlets. As a result, many Americans of African, Asian, and Mexican origins failed to acquire properties during the period.
Failure to acquire properties and business outlets by the Africans, Asians, and Mexicans rendered them poor and greatly affected their living conditions. According to Cowie, “Congress for the first time since it went democratic in 1932 passed a tax cut not to redistribute wealth, but to give relief to the middle upper class, suggesting a very new mood among the democrats more broadly” (257).
Therefore, the minority groups in the United States endured discrimination and enjoyed limited rights of property ownership. Some of the ways that the Whites exercised racism included refusal to sell or rent their houses and unequal valuation and appraisal of property. Furthermore, other White Americans who were property owners provided different terms and conditions for the minorities, whereas banks refused to provide loans to the Asians, Africans, and Mexicans living in the United States.
Discrimination in Education Racial discrimination also affected the education sector since many institutions of learning had some forms of racial segregation. After 1945, many schools in the United States belonged to either the White Americans or the minority groups. The federal government discouraged students of color from studying in schools designated for the White American students. Teachers and trainers administered harsh and inhumane punishment on the children from Asian, African, and Mexican origins (Cowie 11).
In addition, trainers entrenched racisms in schools, as they perceived children from minority groups as lesser beings than their White counterparts. Therefore, the trainers gave biased treatment in training, discipline, and grading of the students. Due to the misconceptions held by the students concerning the attitudes displayed by their parents, the White Americans students undermined their colleagues from the minority groups.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Race V Class, Understanding American History After 1945 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The prejudice, which students from minority groups received from their colleagues, led to poor relationships among students in schools and social places where they interacted. “The effects of racial discrimination were evident as they highlight racial differences in urban streets and workplaces” (Sugrue 6). Therefore, the prejudice of students from minority groups also lowered their self-esteem and affected their performance.
Moreover, another form of racial discrimination that the state displayed during the period after 1945 was underdevelopment and the absence of good learning facilities in schools designed for the minority groups and presence of good facilities and good infrastructure in learning institutions designed for the White Americans. Teachers in schools offering education to the minority students experienced challenges in terms of lack of teaching resources and funds.
Teachers mainly from the minority groups joined unions and voiced their grievances to the federal government. Furthermore, educational loans and sponsorships were available to the White American students only, while the children from the minority groups usually dropped out of school or performed poorly due to insufficient funds to facilitate their education or poor quality of learning facilities.
Discrimination in Leadership Members of the minority group who wanted to vie for leadership positions in the United States also experienced racial discrimination. During and after 1945, the White Americans believed that people from the minority groups were unable to provide good governance and leadership. Therefore, any member of the minority group who attempted to vie for any political or leadership position was discouraged and intimidated by the White Americans who formed the majority group.
As Martin Luther King Junior fought against racial discrimination, “Robert Kennedy admired King’s commitment to unite the poor whites and the poor blacks into what the civil rights believed it would a ‘powerful new alliance’ that transcended racial integration and placed social justice on an economic footing” (Cowie 65). Additionally, some states in the United States barred members of minority groups and women from casting their votes.
As the federal government denied the minorities their voting rights, it implies that it was impossible for any member of the minority group to win and get a leadership position. Thus, members of the minority who tried to campaign failed due lack of support from the federal government and voters.
Aspiring leaders from the minority groups who tried to vie for leadership positions received discouragement from the federal government or lacked adequate funds to facilitate their campaigns. The federal government preferred the White Americans, but discriminated against the Native Americans, Asians, Africans, or Mexicans.
One of the main factors that contributed to the preference was the misconception held by the White Americans who believed that women and minority groups did not have capacity to take leadership positions. According to Cowie, leaders from the minority group who tried to campaign were the subject of ridicule and discouragement by the state and the White Americans (63).
In some cases, the White Americans booed the leaders from minority groups in rallies and conferences during campaigns. Therefore, the minority groups remained as marginalized members of the American society for the larger part of the 20th century, after the Second World War.
Conclusion After the Second World War in 1945, America experienced economic boom in the housing sector, which resulted from the pension that war veterans received. Housing and economic boom led to a sharp increase in the demand for housing and affected the economy of the United States. Besides, in the period preceding the Second World War witnessed high levels of discrimination against races from Africa, Asia, and Latin America as the White Americans deemed them as minority groups.
The White Americans exercised racial discrimination in learning institutions, workplaces, and social places such as hospitals and churches. Americans from the minority groups worked in plantations and construction industry as casual laborers where they received meager income.
Works Cited Cowie, Jefferson. Stayin’ Alive: The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class. New York: The New Press, 2013. Print.
Sugrue, Thomas. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. New York: Princeton University Press, 2010. Print.
Niall Ferguson’s ‘The Ascent of Money’ Essay (Book Review) essay help online free: essay help online free
Introduction Niall Ferguson’s book “The Ascent of Money” is one of the most investigative works that attempt to describe and determine the origin and progress of the financial system in human history. It traces the origin of money as a means of exchange and measure of value, financial systems, institutions and debts.
In fact, the book traces the genesis of the financial system, which the author believes started in Mesopotamia and the ancient Egypt. The author further argues that the evolution of the world financial system was “as important as any other technological innovation and evolution”. In fact, the book attributes the success of human development to the evolution of the financial system.
Niall Ferguson develops a compressive analysis of the current situation in the global financial system. In this book, the Ferguson derives information from various historical accounts.
Noteworthy, the book uses a review of literature as the study method, which has allowed the author develop a comprehensive historical timeline that begins at Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt. To determine the birth of the monetary system, Ferguson refers to stone and clay tablets discovered from the ruins of various cities in Mesopotamia, Egypt and other parts of Europe and Asia.
It is important to note that the author goes beyond analyzing mere historical accounts. He develops an idea of monetary evolution from mere historical accounts. In fact, the author argues that every historical event in the past had a monetary secret that influenced evolution.
In addition, he argues that the evolution of societies was driven by monetary and technological developments. In addition, the author has extensively used case studies to develop his ideas and arguments. For instance, the author refers to the 2008-2010 and 1930s financial crises, calling them as mere examples of the evolutionary trend of the monetary systems.
Comprehensive Book review According to Ferguson, “every historical event has a unique financial secret”. For instance, the European Renaissance, which led to expansive changes in arts, music, education, science and other aspects of life, was backed by a financial secret. It was driven by a market boom, which allowed most financiers of art, literature, music and science make fortunes and accumulate wealth.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author uses the Medici case study to elaborate how aristocrats and capitalists of the time used the prevailing social and political dynamic to make money. Similarly, similar events have taken place throughout human history, which have shaped the history and evolution of the world financial systems.
To develop this argument, the author reviews a wide volume of historical, financial and economic materials. In developing his thesis through literature review and case analysis, Ferguson has divided his book into several episodes that elaborate the history of the world financial system from the primitive trade in Mesopotamia to the modern global system.
An introduction episode provides an in-depth analysis of the current situation in the global monetary and financial system. This chapter introduces the relationship between the monetary system and its history.
In the subsequent sections, the author provides a compressive analysis of the historical timeline through which the monetary and financial systems developed, starting with the primitive financial systems in Mesopotamia to the complex system in the modern world. In addition, the author provides a final section that tends to explain how the monetary systems will descent in the near future.
The first episode provides an analysis of the origin of money, including banking and financial systems. The episode “dreams of Avarice” argues that every civilized society must respond to the forces of demand and supply, which calls for exchange of goods and services. Therefore, a method for measuring value must exist.
This phenomenon explains the origin and evolution of money. According to the author, it is possible to live without money. However, this is possible only when members of a tribal group depend entirely on hunting and gathering. In such cases, the group does not need money because they do not need to save, buy clothes, food and build permanent residence. All what they want is food, which is provided by nature.
For example, the ancient tribes such as the Inca in Americas lived in a world surrounded by massive gold, forest, diamond and other resources, yet they had no interest in the resources because they did not know their worth. However, with the coming of the Europeans, the groups realized that these things were part of their natural wealth. Thus, life changed after the incoming of the financial systems.
We will write a custom Book Review on Niall Ferguson’s ‘The Ascent of Money’ specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Using this historical example, the author attempts to refute the claims and hopes of Marxists and communists that money is evil and will one day end as people work for the common good. Using the North Korean case, Ferguson argues that even the most critics of capitalism and monetary reliance (the Marxists and communists) have found it difficult to dispense money. In addition, Ferguson uses the Nukak Maku case study to explain the relationship between civilization and monetary system.
When the Maku community left their hunting and gathering ten years ago (2002), they found the Colombian civilized society very attractive because basic needs such as food, shelter and clothing are available as long as they have money. Ferguson also traces the origins of the Banking system to the “promises to pay” culture in Babylon, which was an agreement made on clay tablets. In addition, the Medici banking system in Italy and the Shylock culture in Britain are significant events that led to the development of the banking system.
The development of the financial system as the empire of the rulers of the world is explained in the Human Bondage episode. Using historical approach and case studies, the author develops a theory to argue that the bond market of the Italian Renaissance made some families and groups rich because they controlled such things as arts, music, education, books, manufacturing and science. For example, Ferguson says that the Rothschilds were the most powerful family in 1800s because they controlled the bond market and war finance.
These individuals and groups created additional issues such as euphoria, bubble, distress, displacement and discredit. According to the author, these aspects were meant to harness wealth at the expense of the entire population.
Along with these evolutions came a number of other phenomena. For instance, the new market and financial systems brought aristocracy, especially in terms of assets. The evolution of the stock market systems made owning huge sums of money in cash was less attractive because the value of money was set to change due to market dynamics. As such, aristocrats converted their money from cash to property, especially in terms of real estates. In the US and Europe, “homeowners” became the new model of financial controllers.
Lastly, the author talks of the chimerica, a term used in reference to the globalized financial and economic systems in the 19th and 20th centuries. According to the author, globalization started in the 19th century after the financial systems allowed international trade through investment in foreign markets. The western nations actively invested in the east, including Japan and China. Being Rich did not mean owning land or other items at home. Rather, the financial systems allowed foreign investment through banking and stock markets.
Financial Analysis for Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) Essay college application essay help
Table of Contents Executive Summary
Executive Summary The published financial statements provide the stakeholders with a narrow insight into the financial strengths and weaknesses of a business. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out comprehensive financial analysis. The paper carried an evaluation of the financial performance of Petrobras. The 2012 annual report shows that the total assets of the company increased from $319,914 million in 2011 to $331,645 million in 2012.
The non-current assets make up a significant proportion of the total assets while on the liability and equity side, the value of total equity is slightly higher than the total liabilities. From the income statement, the amount of sales revenues decreased from $145,915 million in 2011 to $144,103 million in 2012. Similarly, the net income declined from $19,992 million in 2011 to $10,931 million in 2012 (SAC Petrobras 2014b).
Based on the ratio analysis carried out, the profitability declined over the two-year period. Further, there was no significant change in the liquidity position. The gearing level increased over the period. Also, the operating efficiency of the company declined during the same period. Finally, the valuation ratios also declined between 2011 and 2012. Therefore, there was an overall decline in the financial position of the company.
Introduction Petroleo Brasileiro SA commonly known as Petrobras is a multinational company that operates in the oil and gas industry. Specifically, the company deals with “exploration and production, refining, marketing, transportation, petrochemicals, oil production, distribution, natural gas, electricity, chemical gas, and biofuels” (SAC Petrobras 2014).
The company was established in 1953 and it is based in Brazil. It is the industry leader in the Brazilian oil industry and it aspires to be among the top five in the integrated energy companies worldwide. Petrobras is a publicly held company that trade in four stock markets under different ticker symbol.
These are, the BM
Life Expectancy in the Developing World Cause and Effect Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Food Safety Standards
Introduction Certain factors such as poverty, poor health conditions, rapid industrialization, and lack of food safety measures explain why life expectancy is too low in the developing world. Many people in the developing world do not have access to clean water or “uncontaminated” food. Rapid industrialization explains why many countries have a low life expectancy. As described in this paper, rapid industrialization and food safety standards are the major causes of low life expectancy in the developing world.
Food Safety Standards Food safety is a key pillar towards a better life. Different governments use various standards to ensure their citizens consume uncontaminated food. Poor food handling and storage results in poisoning.
Food marketers and producers cannot adopt such “food standards” especially in the developing world. Many people in these countries prepare food using “unhygienic” methods (Condrad, 2000). Some traditional methods of food production are also “dirty”. These examples explain why many people continue to consume “unhealthy” foods. Lack of proper safety measures during preparation, storage, and handling explains why people consume contaminated food (Al-Kandari
Salvage Bid Company Online Environment Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Salvage Bid is a company that puts damaged vehicles up for auction. This organization operates in an online environment. Therefore, this firm has an opportunity to interact with a great number of clients. In this case, the buyers are price-sensitive people, who want to purchase a car. These individuals may not have enough money to buy a brand-new car. Moreover, some of these individuals believe that a damaged vehicle can be repaired at a relatively lower cost.
However, one can also speak about clients willing to buy spare parts. This is one of the issues that should be considered because it is necessarily to understand the intentions of clients. In turn, the sellers are people do not know how to find potential buyers for the goods that they own. Additionally, it is possible to speak about people who may urgently need money for various purposes. These are some of the aspects that should be identified because they are important for understanding the functioning of this business.
In turn, the company can be described as an intermediary that helps buyers gain access to relevant information about potential sellers or available products (Salvage Bid). This approach has been adopted by many organizations that try to benefit from the growing supply of used or damaged vehicles in the country (Pride and Ferell 238). On the whole, one can argue that this auction sites can be viewed as a micro-economic market.
The functioning of this auction incorporates several elements. First of all, the buyers should be the registered members of this website in order to take part in the bidding. Moreover, the bidding itself lasts for a limited amount of time. The main benefit of this method is that it enables a seller to get the maximum price for his/her vehicle.
More importantly, online accessibility of this auction increases the number of potential bidders who may compete with one another (Baye 103). Later, a buyer can take the car from one of the locations. It is important to remember that the customers able to assess the degree of damage (Salvage Bid). So, as a rule, they can make an informed decision about the value of a vehicle. This opportunity is also of great benefit to clients who want to choose the best product.
It should be mentioned that the owners of this website do not disclose the information about the financial performance. They do not specify their net revenues or sales. Nevertheless, there are some data that can be very informative. For instance, every week its collection of vehicles is increased by 70000 new vehicles (Salvage Bid).
Therefore, customers can find choose from a wide range of products. Additionally, this organization has approximately 700 locations (Salvage Bid). Furthermore, the prices for vehicles can range from $50 to $3000 (Salvage Bid). The eventual price depends on the type of damage sustained by the vehicle or its model. This is one of the points that can be made.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overall, these examples indicate that this micro-economic market can be very vibrant. To a great extent, this auction site offers opportunities for both sellers and buyers who want to carry out an economic transaction. The existence of such markets is critical for the development of the economy. These are the main arguments that can be put forward.
Works Cited Baye, Michael. The Economics of the Internet and E-commerce, New York: Elsevier, 2002. Print.
Pride, William, and Ferrell, Oliver. Marketing, Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
Salvage Bid. “About SalvageBid.” Salvage Bid, 2013. Web. Feb. 26 2014. .
Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina Research Paper essay help
Introduction Disasters are an integral part of human existence. A major natural disaster to affect the United States in the recent past was hurricane Katrina, which was a category 2 hurricane that made the first landfall on August 25, 2005.
This hurricane was very powerful and by the time of the second landfall, it had attained speeds of up to 140mph (Rojek and Smith 594). Due to its tremendous negative effects, it is considered to be the most destructive and costly urban disaster in US history. The city that was worst affected by this disaster was New Orleans and the government implemented responses to deal with the situation.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which is the United State’s coordinating arm for natural disaster and catastrophes, headed the disaster response efforts. This paper will set out to review the level of preparedness, response, and recovery efforts undertaken by authorities following Hurricane Katrina in order to highlight shortcomings. Recommendations for improvements will be offered to help increase the probability of better reaction in the event of future disasters.
Analysis of Hurricane Katrina Preparedness Level
The level of preparedness for natural disasters in 2005 was very low for a number of reasons. To begin with, the government had dedicated most of its resources to fighting terrorism and the war in Iraq.
Chua, Kaynak and Schubert concede that following the 9/11 terror attacks, the US developed a pattern of placing greater emphasis on protecting the country against terrorist attacks (392). More resources were dedicated to Homeland Security thereby undermining the country’s preparedness against natural catastrophes such as Katrina.
The local authorities did not engage in sufficient preparation for a hurricane disaster in spite of the fact that New Orleans is prone to hurricanes. Before hurricane Katrina hit, a number of studies had highlighted the risk faced by the City. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) had warned that a category 4 or 5 hurricane-strike would have catastrophic results (Rojek and Smith 594). Levee fortification in the area had therefore been proposed, but the construction work did not begin since the city had budget restrictions.
The federal, state and local authorities failed to provide enough emergency supplies in anticipation of the disaster. The US has a sophisticated weather warning system and scientists were able to warn that Katrina was developing into a major hurricane that would have devastating effects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The National Hurricane Center Director was able to issue warning of an impending large-scale catastrophe after the first landfall on August 25 (Chua et al. 397). In response to these warnings, the federal government directed FEMA to engage in preparations for the disaster. However, the supplies procured in readiness for the disaster were not sufficient since the agency did not anticipate a major disaster (Nunenmacher 8).
Response and Recovery
A significant criticism leveled against local and state authorities concerns the speed of rescue operations during the disaster. The early reactions to Hurricane Katrina in the US were slow with initial rescue efforts being sluggish. Chua et al. note that the federal and state authorities took about five days before implementing full scale evacuation procedures in the storm devastated regions of New Orleans (391). During this time, people were left to spend nights in the cold and without food or water (Nunenmacher 10).
The capability and capacity of the first response teams in the devastated regions were greatly inhibited. The first responders are the most important personnel in a disaster. These are the first people at the site of a disaster and they attempt to mitigate the impacts of the disaster and save lives.
The first response team during hurricane Katrina was made up of the National Guard, local law enforcement officers, firefighters, and medical personnel. There was a catastrophic collapse of these first responders since the hurricane destroyed the National Guard headquarters and some of the vehicles that could have been used by responders were lost to floods. In addition to this, the severe storms that characterized Katrina made it impossible for the police and firefighters to move as the roads were flooded.
The communication network used by FEMA was devastated by the hurricane. Barnes reveals that FEMA did not have adequate backup communication facilities to take over when the telecommunication infrastructure in New Orleans was destroyed by Katrina (605). Due to the loss of electric power and destruction of the towers that supported radio communication, responders were virtually blinded in their operations (Sharman et al. 6).
The ground teams from the federal government were unable to coordinate their operations due to the breakdown in communication network. To make matters worse, there were issues of incompatibility among the radio systems that the emergency personnel were using. Chua et al. elaborate that rescue operations were hampered since local police could not communicate with each other and the rescue helicopters were unable to communicate with rescue boats (398).
As the nation’s coordinating arm for natural disasters and catastrophes, FEMA tried to ensure that the responses to the disaster were well coordinated to avoid redundancy. However, the manner in which this was accomplished was by following procedures that led to time wastage (McGuire 201).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In spite of the deteriorating conditions due to the massive flooding, FEMA continued to make use of bureaucratic procedures in its disaster management operations (Farazmand 400). The federal and state officials in charge of response and recovery failed to make use of local agencies that offered assistance in the disaster.
Recommendations for Improvements Local and State authorities need to respond decisively in the event of a disaster. The government should not wait for politicians to speak out in order for action to be taken, as was the case during Katrina. Instead, resources should be dedicated as soon as the need is identified. It would be better to commit more resources than are needed for a disaster response instead of having a critical shortage of resources. The Federal government has an important role to play in addressing disasters since it has the resources and authority needed for such tasks.
The State and Local authorities should meet the minimum requirements for emergency procedures. Disaster management experts propose these requirements after thorough research on how to respond to a natural disaster. Each city should ensure that the required emergency vehicles are available at all times to aid in swift response.
Chua notes that in the case of Katrina, there was already a Hurricane evacuation plan in place (1519). This plan, designated as “Hurricane Pam drill” required the authorities to provide enough resources for evacuation (Chua 1520). However, the requirements of the plan were not met and this led to slow evacuation during Hurricane Katrina.
The government should invest in an alternative communication channel to be used by rescue personnel in disasters. This would enable effective communication among rescue workers. The negative impacts of the breakdown in communication networks during the Katrina disaster highlight the importance of communication in the event of a crisis (Barnes 605).
Traditional communication networks such as mobile phones may prove inefficient during disasters for a number of reasons. Alternative communication channels are therefore necessary for disaster management (Sharman et al. 6). The various communication devices used by first responders should be compatible. This would enable different responders to communicate with each other and coordinate their efforts.
FEMA, which is the body in charge of handling large-scale disasters, should make use of flexible management systems that take into consideration the agent needs on the ground. Instead of using strict bureaucratic procedures when dealing with disasters, authorities should make use of Incident Management Systems (Farazmand 401). This system enables different agencies to coordinate their efforts in the event of an incident.
Conclusion This paper set out to analyze the preparedness, response and recovery efforts by the local, state, and federal government in order to highlight areas that need improvement in the future. The paper has shown that the overall response was ineffective and the government agencies at all levels failed in some aspect to protect the worse New Orleans. A set of recommendations on how to improve the situation have been offered.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Disaster Management: the Case of Hurricane Katrina by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The number of natural disasters is expected to increase around the world as climate changes, which increase instances of flooding, storms, and drought, become more prevalent. The knowledge obtained from the management of the Katrina disaster can be used to solve future disasters. The relevant authorities can make use of the lessons learnt from this disaster to respond more effectively to future disasters.
Works Cited Barnes, Michael. “Analysis of Media Agenda Setting During and After Hurricane Katrina: Implications for Emergency Preparedness, Disaster Response, and Disaster Policy.” American Journal of Public Health 98.4 (2008): 604-610. Print.
Chua, Alton. “A Tale of Two Hurricanes: Comparing Katrina and Rita through a Knowledge Management Perspective.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science
Ideology’s high cost: when science loses out in the classroom or the legislature, the economy may suffer Essay essay help: essay help
The Economist has covered several stories recently that document the ongoing issue of religious objections to various aspects of science. In schools and in the halls of government, these articles suggest, there is a gulf between those who trust scientifically demonstrated facts, and those who feel that ideology or religious belief preclude the acceptance of scientific findings. This conflict has direct economic implications for any nation.
The impact of human decisions on the environment, and therefore on economic health, for example, is potentially very large. These articles in The Economist point up the disturbing potential for that a future population is being nurtured that will be uneducated regarding evolution and scientific inquiry (S.M., Opting out of Evolution: Darwin shmarwin) (S.M., Faith and Reason: Scientists are not as secular as people think).
Such a population will run the risk of failing to compete globally in the marketplace of ideas and innovation. Of greater worry is that they make choices in their own lives or in the leaders they elect that could destroy the environment through ignorance or willful rejection of science on religious or ideological grounds
S.M. of The Economist, in an article titled “Opting out of evolution” describes the situation in Missouri’s school system, where a bill is proposed that would all allow parents to keep their kids out of class when evolution is discussed. As the article points out, this is a bit different from asking that one’s child be offered a virtual alternative to actual animal dissection, or even from excluding one’s child from sex education.
Evolution is so fundamental to life sciences that to stay out of a class whenever it is discussed would mean not taking the course at all (S.M., Opting out of Evolution: Darwin shmarwin). Not understanding the life sciences places people at risk for not understanding issues that affect their own life, for example health, and nutrition.
An entire generation of leaders who do not understand, and even reject evolution and science generally, could wreak a disheartening degree of damage on the environment and, thus, on the economy.
The article “Faith and reason” describes the way that current leaders who dismiss scientific thinking address key issues such as global climate change. As an example, the article discusses Illinois Congressman John Shimkus, whose committee assignments relate to the environment. He interprets the Biblical covenant after the Flood as meaning that the human race is protected from rising waters.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He maintains this opinion although the promise in scripture appears to say that the Creator will not wipe humans out again, not that humans cannot ever wipe themselves out through carelessness, greed, or ignorance (S.M., Faith and Reason: Scientists are not as secular as people think). Based on his interpretation of Scripture and his rejection of scientific evidence, this leader is not likely to support any moves to prevent further encroachment on economically important regions of the country such as New Orleans or parts of Florida.
One impact of not appreciating science is that it will place the USA (or any nation that pursues this course of action or inaction) at a disadvantage in comparison with other countries that take science seriously and teach undiluted biology to their students.
The world needs scientifically trained people to achieve all the innovations that beckon. If the USA or any country is not producing well-trained scientists, this will place them behind the rest of the world in invention and development of new technologies. This will put them behind economically.
The other impact could be very direct and very deadly. If citizens and their leaders do not believe in science, they may not take action to mitigate environmental catastrophe: for example, slowing carbon emissions. The result for the country could include worse agricultural disruption than those that current drought conditions have imposed. This will impact the economy drastically.
These articles alert readers to what could be a growing trend. Religious or ideological challenges to learning about evolution could deprive a generation of students of scientific training. These individuals, if in positions of power, can make poor decisions with wide environmental and economic results.
Works Cited “Faith and Reason.” The Economist (n.d.). .
“Opting out of Evolution.” The Economist (n.d.). .
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electronic searches as related to search and seizure, probably cause, and reasonable expectation of privacy online essay help: online essay help
After reading the material for this week and watching the videos in the video clip folder, write an essay that discusses the issues regarding electronic searches as related to search and seizure, probable cause, and reasonable expectation of privacy.
Provide specific examples supporting your thinking and cite to the course textbook where applicable.
Textbook criminal procedure law and practice 10th edition. By Rolando DelCarmen
Changes in Food Production Over Time Research Paper a level english language essay help
Introduction Food is a fundamental need among human beings that needs to be carefully addressed especially when determining emerging trends. It is worth acknowledging that the side effects of preservatives has affected general health of populace, and contributed to poor health.
It is necessary to acknowledge that this further highlights that food has indeed changed over the years in terms of nutritional content, mode of production, and distribution. This means that in the future, food is likely to undergo adulteration and departure from its original content. Additionally, genetically modified food is likely to grow in usage because some issues such as climate change are likely to affect food availability as well as food production mode.
In the middle of the 19th century, a huge shift in agriculture towards the use of chemicals in the farms and animal confinement was experienced. This kind of farming came to be known as mechanization or industrialization of agriculture. Industrialization of agriculture introduced new methods of food production can be likened to factory-type production system.
The new system of farming replaces the holistic thinking and the recycling of the nutrients through the use of crop rotation and animal rotation to produce food. Those changes in the methods of farming and agriculture have changed food production over the years whereby the yield is no longer quality and it has many health issues. This essay proposes a research study of the changes on food production over the years. The study will focus on the changes in nutrients, health issues, and the general quality of the food.
Literature Review According to Church and Stewart (2013), food has significantly changed over the years especially in terms of content and price. For instance, the price of commodities such as potatoes was significantly lower in previous decades as compared to the current price.
Moreover, it is worth stating that nutrient density of food has significantly declined over the years because of the changes in the methods of farming and food processing. Climate change has also affected the agricultural patterns, especially in terms of growing food and harvesting.
Information obtained from academic libraries indicates that problems associated with the consumption of processed foods are not new. These problems have existed among humanity since the advent of technology. According to Garg and Mukerji (2010), scientists face difficulties coming up with solutions to side effects resulting from the consumption of processed foods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For years, these professionals have not succeeded in their mission to enhance food safety. This implies that changes in food production techniques and the use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides have great impacts on the quality of the processed food.
Research provides that food nutrients have declined significantly in the past decade. In fact, food production has registered almost 50% decline in nutrients due to changes in production styles and the use of technology. This implies that food consumed nowadays contain almost 50% less nutritional value than it was one hundred years ago.
This can be attributed to the changes in food production techniques. Parry and Hawkesford (2010) provide that new methods of food production, which involve the use of chemicals, animal confinement, and other new agricultural practices that are aimed at doubling production contribute to the decline of vital nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants, and photochemical.
Currently, food security is a major societal issue that has contributed to changes in food production over time. Efforts to feed the increasing population have led to the use of technologies to preserve the surplus food for future use. This contributes to many health issues because some preservatives promote the growth of tumors, and cancerous cells.
Global food production needs to be increased by 70-100% by the year 2050 to be able to feed a population of about 9 billion people. Thus, the increasing pressure on food security has led to the advancement of technologies to double food production. Therefore, genetically modified foods, food preservatives, and animal husbandly that compromises the quality of food is as a result of those technologies (Spiertz
Gender difference Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
For a long time there has been a gender difference between men and women in life and social environment. Women have been fighting for equality rights and fair treatment and it has almost been achieved. Even though there are more opportunities today there is still prejudice and partially, it comes from the fact that men and women are different not only biologically but mentally as well. Gender plays a differential role in society and communication which is needed to attain certain results.
The main difference comes from the understanding and thinking of each gender. For the most part, to say generally, men are more power hungry and demand to be in a position of authority. This has come from a long history of male domination and men have gotten used to being in control and charge. Also, men are more focused on finding out the neutral and clear cut facts about something which leads them to being more direct and assertive.
Women use a much different technique in achieving their goals, as it stems from better insight into the matter of things. Because women were segregated for such a long time and were prevented from taking up higher and more prominent positions, they have developed a unique method of reaching their goal and it is not the same as men’s. Women tend to center on the person, deeper insight into the context and personality of the speaker and the general situation.
This allows for better qualitative analysis of information, linking it to the individual presenting the facts. Of course, it would be unwise to conclude that all men and women exhibit these qualities, as there are women who want to have all the authority and men who have profound insight but the standard for the majority is upheld by existing evidence.
There is a supposition that women are better at communicating than men. In reality, it is difficult to say because every individual has their unique technique in the interaction with other people. It could be assumed that women are better because they were environmentally forced to be better communicators.
Since they could not wage wars and overpower men, they had to develop skills that are different from forceful overtake of power. This would develop language and thinking skills. But the modern times have made gender differences less noticeable with men being great negotiators and women strong fighters.
It could be said that both genders have become equal in their communication and sense of direction. The present times have brought many changes to the social construction of genders and the way the separation is viewed. Often, the media abuses the roles of men and women, focusing on the sexuality and criteria that define and separate men and women. One of the oldest gender constructions came from the functioning of the family.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Women were thought to have a role of homeowners, raising children and taking care of any home or farm matters. Men were hunters and centered their life on providing for the family. This separation is a historical construct that has been enforced through segregation and unequal treatment of women.
Even though the world has greatly changed, the separation is still noticeable through social roles and duties. The majority of positions of power are still held by men, depriving women of a chance to demonstrate their strengths.
find an image online portraying an object of material culture that has significance to you. Insert that image in essay help
find an image online portraying an object of material culture that has significance to you. Insert that image in a document or on a presentation slide. Make a list of five material culture items and five nonmaterial culture ideas that relate to the image. write a paragraph about why you chose this cultural item.
The pros of mandatory service Research Paper scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Why the bill should become law
Introduction Students appear to be overwhelmed by the myriad of activities that make up their school programs. Many would argue that this would be just another burden for them. However, choosing such a stance would obscure the long term merits of the program. Focusing on the short discomforts of mandatory voluntary service causes one to miss out on the great benefits that can emanate from the program. Not only would participants gain work-related skills like team-building and time management, they would also develop a deep community identity.
Why the bill should become law Mandatory community or military service would strengthen students’ association with their communities. As students volunteer in hospitals, fire departments, drug recovery centers and others, they will get to learn about unmet needs in their community (Worrall 15).
This could compel them to become passionate about filling those gaps and thus more active in their adult life. For instance, a training psychologist could learn about the lack of adequate follow-through in drug rehabilitation centers and this could propel him or her to become a better professional in the future.
Alternatively, if a person finds that things are working well in his or her community, the volunteer could develop a sense of pride. He or she will appreciate the valuable work that other people are putting into his or her area of residence. Therefore, the program will enhance community identity and ownership over initiatives. One may also argue that modern American youth are too consumer-oriented (Longo 93). Most of them tend to focus on their individual needs rather than that of their surroundings.
These young men and women only care about what they can get out of their parents or the government rather than what they can give back. National voluntary services would enable such persons to connect with forces beyond themselves and develop a moral outlook (Sauerwein 15).
Mandatory volunteer work will strengthen students’ prospects for employment. Individuals who work in community services must build rapport with others. They need to know teamwork as they must consult with paid professionals, fellow volunteers, or beneficiaries of the programs (Light 81). Additionally, these persons must plan their time adequately in order to fit it into their school routine. They will thus learn time management skills. Several students are already doing volunteer work and they do not even know it.
One indication of this trend is participation in internship programs. Internship often gives students an added advantage in job recruitments (Shivaun 43). Consequently, the same may be said of the proposed mandatory community program. Opportunities and skills obtained from the plan would be priceless. For instance, individuals would build networks in their desired career line, and this could enhance their prospects for finding employment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion Students require opportunities to make them more marketable to employers, and voluntary service is one such avenue. The consumerist attitude that pervades western societies has caused American youth to become self-centered. This policy could foster a greater moral attitude among the country’s citizenry.
In essence, such a policy would make participants better professionals because they would learn about inadequacies in current arrangements. This could cause them to foster change in their professions. Some short term sacrifices always have to be made in order to realize a greater good. Students, parents, employers and other stakeholders will appreciate the proposed law once they see the gains of the policy.
Works Cited Light, Richard. Making the most of college: Students speak their minds. Harvard: HUP, 2001. Print.
Longo, Nicholas. Why community matters: Connecting education with civic life. NY: SUNY press, 2007. Print.
Sauerwein, Kristina. “A compelling case for volunteers.” The American School Board Journal 183.3 (1996): 29-31. Print.
Shivaun, Perez. Assessing service learning using pragmatic principles of Education. Texas: Texas State University Press, 2000. Print.
Worrall, Laurie. “Asking the community: A case study of community partner perspectives.” Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning 14.1(2007): 5-17. Print.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The pros of mandatory service specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The article under discussion dwells upon popularity of social networking. The author claims that social networking is decreasing as people are losing their interest in online communities. Lee uses a term for the decreased popularity. She notes that many people are experiencing “social networking fatigue” (Lee 152). It is necessary to note that the author’s argument is plausible and well-grounded as Lee uses all three means of persuasion, i.e. ethos, pathos, logos.
Logos Lee resorts to a variety of logos in her article. The author provides extensive data to support her argument. For instance, the author provides specific data which show the ongoing decrease, “MySpace’s audience dropped from 49.2 million to 47.2 million; Facebook from 8.9 million to 7.8 million” (Lee 152).
Lee also suggests a number of reasons for the drop. She states that increasing amount of advertisement in social networks discourages people from joining online communities or spending much time in social networks. Lee provides certain data which show that big companies invest money in this type of advertisement and acquire social networks making them highly commercial, “MySpace . was acquired by News Corp. last year for $580 million, and Facebook, born out of a Harvard dorm room, followed” (153).
Noteworthy, the author provides certain factual support to an opposing opinion stating that there is “enormous expansion” at the rate of 320 thousand newly added profiles each day (Lee 155). However, this does not undermine plausibility of the author’s argument, but shows that the author has implemented an insightful research. Thus, it is possible to note that Lee makes use of logos, which enhances credibility of her argument.
Ethos Apart from logos, the article contains ethos. Lee refers to different experts’ opinions. When considering popularity of social networks, Lee refers to Nielsen/NetRatings (152).
The author also provides opinions of Fred Stutzman who is a student of the University of North Carolina and viewpoints of Nicole Ellison, who is a professor at the Michigan State University, or Val Landi, who is a co-founder of WiredBerries, which is a newly launched website for females (Lee 153). Admittedly, the use of such experts’ viewpoints makes the article more credible. The author proves that this is not her own opinion, but there are professionals who can make conclusions due to their vast experience in the given field.
Pathos Finally, the author also exploits pathos in her article. This means of persuasion makes the writing more appealing. For instance, Lee provides a quote which is very appealing, “It makes no sense to have a million of those pages” (152). Exaggeration ‘a million’ makes the sentence more emphatic and more emotional.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another sentence, which appeals to the readers’ emotions, is as follows: “So where to next?” (Lee 155). This rhetoric question makes the reader think and try to find own answers. Therefore, the article reaches its major aim, i.e. it makes people aware of the issue and makes people think about it.
Conclusion On balance, it is possible to note that the article in question contains ethos, pathos and logos. The author’s argument is well-grounded and she concisely provides evidence to support her claim. The use of these means of persuasion makes the article effective as it informs the reader about the issue, appeals to the readers’ emotions and makes the reader consider the problem and come to some conclusions.
Works Cited Lee, Ellen. “Social Sites Are Becoming Too Much of a Good Thing.” The McGraw Hill Reader: Issues across the Disciplines. Ed. Gilbert H. Muller. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2010. 152-155. Print.
Plate tectonics, volcanism, earthquakes and rings of fire Report college essay help online
Plate tectonics refers to the scientific theory stating that the lithosphere is always on a constant motion. This movement occurs in a large mass and is based on the plate tectonic theory which was put forward by scientists in the early twentieth century (Diller 2001).
Plate tectonics has led to the separation of the sea floor over the years and the earth is composed of seven tectonic plates according to the available geological information. The boundaries of the moving plates are always characterised by earthquakes, mountain formation or volcanic activities depending on whether the relative movement between them is convergent, divergent or transformational (Condie 2007).
Volcanism is the process by which molten rock material also known as magma moves out of the Earth’s interior due to high pressure and stress to the surface through fissures. Magma can either be viscous or less viscous and this dictates its effect when it reaches the Earth’s surface. Highly viscous magma leads to the formation of steep volcanoes that are characterised by explosive eruptions while less viscous magma spreads on the surface leading to the formation of gently sloping features known as the plateaus and plains (Barber 2005).
Earthquakes are sudden movements of the earth’s crust due to pressure from the Earth‘s interior. The region where the earthquake originates from before it reaches the Earth’s surface is known as the epicentre.
Another common term is seismicity which refers to how frequently a place experiences an earthquake and the magnitude with which such an earthquake occurs. The magnitude of an earthquake is measured on the richer scale, where a magnitude of 3 and below is considered weak, while that of 7 and above is stronger and more destructive (Asantville 2009).
Ring of fire is a place that is prone to earthquakes and volcanic activities. The Pacific ring of fire is a region shaped like a horseshoe which is located in the Pacific Ocean. It is characterised by ocean trenches and is home to the world’s most deadly and active volcanoes (Nemeth 2012).
Works Cited Asantville, Adam. Geology. New York: Gareth Stevens Pub, 2009. Print.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Barber, Adams. Sumatra: Geology, Resources and Tectonic Evolution. London: The Geological Society, 2005. Print.
Condie, Kent. Plate Tectonics and Crustal Evolution. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2007. Print.
Diller, James. A Late Volcanic Eruption in Northern California and Its Peculiar Lava. Washington: Govt. Print, 2001. Print.
Nemeth, Jason. Plate Tectonics. New York: Power Kids Press, 2012. Print.
The importance of maintaining confidentiality Essay essay help: essay help
Information obtained from individuals who are undergoing marriage/family counseling should always be treated with privacy. This practice is known as confidentiality. Professionals who offer counseling services to clients are the only one expected to have access to the confidential data. In all counseling sessions, clients should be made to feel secure and comfortable even before they begin sharing their experiences with the counselor. If clients feel intimidated or insecure in any way, the counseling process cannot get along as expected.
Worse still, the client cannot receive any workable emotional or psychological assistance if the privacy of information shared cannot be guaranteed. The ability to maintain confidentiality of information obtained from clients is a critical ethical component since it is illegal to share private data without consent from the affected party, the client being counseled can hardly share personal information if it will not be kept confidential, and it also leads to gross counseling failure since the patient cannot receive the required help.
Although some counselors argue that verbal information can be shared out especially if it does not infringe the rights of clients, it is completely unethical to do so. Both verbal and written information obtained from clients undergoing marriage counseling should be treated with high level of confidentiality (Melton, 1997). In any case, all forms of information obtained from counseling sessions are usually very sensitive and can lead to gross mistrust as well as poor relationship development among the parties involved.
It is perhaps necessary to begin by exploring what can be considered to be confidential or private in a marriage/counseling process. Some of the examples of sensitive information that can be shared out include infidelity problems between partners or spouses, emotional trauma arising from deep family wrangles, serious medical problems that impede procreation, infertility and stigma arising from an embarrassing infection (Mulligan, 1996).
We cannot imagine such type of information being shared out to third parties without the consent of the client being counseled. It can be disastrous to both the counselor and recipient of the services if delicate data of such magnitude is accessed by the public and other uninterested parties.
There are ethical standards that ought to be followed keenly when applying the concept of confidentiality on the records of clients undergoing counseling sessions (Melton, 1997).
Although breach of confidentiality is a common experience in most counseling institutions, it is prudent to mention that the privacy of patients can only be tampered with when the mental health condition of the affected person is at high risk. Needless to say, exposing confidential data should only take place when there is looming danger. Professional marriage counselors may plunge themselves into costly law suits if they breach the privacy of their clients.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several factors that have hindered full application of ethical standards. For instance, lack of clear guidelines or legislations in some jurisdictions and counseling facilities is a major setback. Even in the absence of strict legislations in place, breach of privacy can be minimized with the assistance of staff members who have undergone thorough capacity building and training on ethical standards (Melton, 1997).
A case study of the United States reveals that strict legislations have been adopted by both the state and federal authorities when it comes to privacy of counseling information obtained from clients. Both the Patient Bill of Rights and HIPAA have been passed by the legislature in order to protect the confidentiality of recipients undergoing counseling. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Acts (HIPAA) are instrumental in enhancing the privacy of counseling recipients.
Even though confidentiality has been a critical issue in both of these pieces of legislations, the ability of a counseling institution to offer high quality care should be a vital part of the entire process. It is not possible for counseling experts to offer poor quality care while at the same time claim to be capable of protecting the privacy of clients (Melton, 1997). High quality counseling sessions should go a long way in addressing the innermost needs of clients especially in regards to confidentiality.
Conclusion To recap it all, the ability to maintain confidentiality of information gathered from individuals undergoing counseling is a critical ethical factor bearing in mind that it is against the law to share private information without permission from the concerned party. In addition, the individual being counseled cannot easily share personal information if it will not be kept confidential. On the same note, it may culminate into gross counseling failure because the patient cannot obtain the required counseling assistance as anticipated.
It is also vital to assert that marriage counselors should not harm clients in any way when obtaining, recording and distributing their data. This implies that a positive relationship should be developed between counselors and clients. In other words, both of them should have a common understanding on the type of information that can be shared with the third party without causing any gross risk to the patient.
References Melton J.L. (1997). Sounding Board: The Threat to Medical-Records Research. New England Journal of Medicine, 337 (20), 1466-1469.
Mulligan, D. (1996). Privacy and Health Information Systems: A Guide to Protecting Patient Confidentiality. Center for Democracy and Technology: Washington, D.C
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The Role of Workplace System in Business Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
In case of a company hiring a younger team force and cutting off the older employees, there are several possibilities that would be acceptable and fair to each group. Because the younger population has finished their studies and is in need of a job or career development, companies must do their best to hire them.
It is necessary for the new employees to get the experience and choice in what they want to pursue. Mistreating previous employees who have reached a certain age is, however, not acceptable. The fact that they have deep knowledge of the company and have input many years proves that they are loyal and have become a part of the organization.
The company is successful partly due to their efforts and skills, as they have contributed to the organization and have not left during many years of work. There must be a balance between the new incoming force and the one who has seniority. Not only does the company risk, entrusting its matters to inexperienced employees, thus hurting its profits and reputation, it might also create predisposition where people will analyze the company’s treatment of previous employees and would not want to stay for the long term.
In case more mature individuals are offered a 50 per cent cut in their salaries and they have nothing against such policies, it could be acceptable but there would have to be a unified agreement between all employees, as it would be unfair for some to get cut and others to have unchanged salaries. Another option is to decrease the number of hours for either group or offer a choice of different benefits, salaries, and hours.
When an employer looks to hire a person who is pregnant or has any other condition that can affect the work temporarily, it would be against policies and human rights to decline the application.
Since the law states that people with short-term disabilities must be hired or kept in the workplace, the same conditions apply to women who are pregnant (Bennet-Alexander
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Essay writing essay help
In the story, An Occurrence at the Owl Creek Bridge by Ambrose Bierce, the author shows how an individual perceives time. The depiction of time in the story shows the fluid nature of time (Bierce, n.d). The author uniquely uses the nature of time to narrate a story from a present time to that of the past. In the real sense, the author imagines the present by using the past. Time is of the essence in the story as it reveals the various issues that affect the lives of other characters.
To some extent, the author perception on time is not same to that of other characters. It is interesting to observe how the author uses time to interrupt a continuous flow of events. The author uses time to depict events that exemplify reality. Perhaps the author deems that time favors the fate of each character in the story. The main character in the story perceives time not to favor him. For example, Farquhar thinks that time goes slow on his side compare to others.
In the story, Farquhar seems entangled in his own timeless realm. In this respect, the author tries to portray the feelings of the character in a metaphorical manner. For example, the author calls Farquhar “a vast pendulum” (Chapter III, p.3) to show how he is unconscious of the current happenings.
The author uses the metaphor of time to explain how one can drift into semi-consciousness. This time can either be exhibited in the symbol of sleeping or going into a dream. For example, “Farquhar closes his eyes to fix his thoughts” (Chapter II, p.2). At this point it is clear that the present events are not favorable to Farquhar. At this time, time depicts a transitional place that is between the present and the past.
The depiction of time as subjective by the author is intriguing. Perhaps this is the reason why Farquhar attempts to manipulate time. Farquhar sees this manipulation of time as a good way of escaping reality. However, the subjective nature ultimately allows important events like death to claim the character.
At this point, it is clear that Farquhar has used the time to create confusion between reality and illusion. The reader only realizes the gap bridged between reality and illusion by the author at the end of the story. Perhaps this confusion and interruption of real events depicts how people struggle to control time and events that affect them in the real life.
Through time, the author creates a fantasy world for Farquhar. The manner in which Farquhar imagines his death escape is as a result of a past reflection “as a federal scout” (Chapter 1, p.1) of the northern scout. During his imagination, Farquhar traverses time to perceive himself as a confederate soldier.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The author has used the driftwood as a symbol of time. Just like a clock, the driftwood helps Farquhar to travel through the waters. The driftwood is a distortion of time as he fantasizes being the driftwood. The speed in which the driftwood move through the waters leaves Farquhar wondering how slow and fast is time. In fact, the existence of the driftwood becomes a symbol of how Farquhar perceives time.
In conclusion, the author seems to use the story to question the reader’s perception on time. This becomes evident when the author uses foreshadowing in the story to show that indeed Farquhar’s story was fictional. In general, the author seeks to know whether the reader is conscious of the present and whether the present is a reality.
Reference Bierce, A. (n.d). An occurrence at owl Creek Bridge. Retrieved from https://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Ambrose_Bierce/An_Occurrence_At_Owl_Creek_Bridge/index.html
Advancement of the computer Report (Assessment) essay help: essay help
The first property that determines how materials are universally classified is the atoms that make up the material. These atoms are neutrons, protons, and electrons. Most materials in their elementary form are neutral since the number of protons is equal to the number of electrons. At the same time, those that are in a compound form are the ones that have a combination of two or more elements.
The second property is how different atoms making up the material are arranged in it; since various materials have a different arrangement of atoms. Thus, some are more compact than others. This is evident in the three states of matter that is: liquid, gas, and solid.
The third property is how atoms are bonded within the material itself. There are two types of bonding, in particular, covalent and ionic bonding. The first type involves sharing of the valence electrons in the material, while ionic bonding is the process where acceptance and donation of valence electrons between the atoms are present (Nils 2010).
A semiconductor is a material that is able to exhibit properties of both metals and non-metals such that they act as both insulators and, at the same time, have the ability to conduct electrons. The use of silicon based semiconductors revolutionized the field of computing due to their ability to change their level of conductivity by a process known as doping. It refers to the addition of impurities in the silicon semiconductor that alters its conductivity.
The application of semiconductors led to the invention of different miniature electrical components such as transistors and the integrated circuits. These devices possessed the ability to amplify signals, for example, the operational amplifier which is an integrated circuit. They also had the ability to switch and convert signals from one form to another.
These aforementioned properties of the silicon based semiconductor impacted on the advancement of the computer which became smaller, faster, and more efficient. Hence, the computers we use today are very different and far much better than the initial variants. The earlier computers used to consume a lot of heat. This feature has been rectified with the new generation of computers that consume less power have the ability to cool when heated. All these features are possible thanks to the invention of the silicon based semiconductor.
Nowadays, the field of computing is complex and more efficient. For example, cell phones, laptops, tablets, and notebooks were created due to the revolution experienced as a result of the silicon based semiconductor. The robot systems are being used today in almost all industries and have led to reduced workload as well as fast and efficient production of goods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Microchips are miniature sets of electrical components that are usually etched on small semiconductor materials. The semiconductor materials preferred are germanium or silicon. It should be mentioned that a microchip forms a specific electrical circuit that achieves a specific purpose although the only difference with normal circuits is that they are very small in size. Microchips cannot be assembled by humans without the help of machines as they are so small and the soldering of the electrical components requires very specialized machinery (Turley 2002).
Microchips are related to integrated circuits in the way that they are just another form of integrated circuits. The components in the microchips are a combination of different integrated circuits that have been reduced in size. Among these components one could name transistors, operational amplifiers, power regulators, relays, and microcontrollers. These devices are combined on a single semiconductor to form a microchip. Thus, the basic relation between the microchip and integrated circuits is that the microchip itself contains integrated circuits as its integral components (Cardona 2004).
A human brain does not process information on a given time span since the speed of processing varies. At the same time, the central processing unit of a computer processes information depending on the computer’s clock speed. Hence, computers with a higher clock speed tend to process information faster while computers with a lower clock speed tend to take more time in the processing of data (Winston 2006).
One should note that artificial intelligence refers to the ability of computers and machines to reason and make decisions based on their preprogrammed logics. This includes robots working in industries or even intelligent cars that can navigate themselves on the road. These systems usually require minimal human aid as their level of success is very high and accurately efficient (Nils 2010).
Thus, the central processing units make decisions based on preprogrammed logic. This means that it cannot make decisions contrary to the programmed logic and hence it lacks the ability to reason rationally. On the other hand, human brain makes decisions based on logic as well as the rationale and experience. Therefore, it is common for humans to come to decisions that do not make sense and this is the main difference between the human brains and the central processing units of computers (Winston 2006).
Works Cited Cardona, Manuel. Fundamentals of Semiconductors : Physics and Materials Properties. London: Springer, 2004. Print.
Nils, Nilsson. The Quest for Artificial Intelligence: A History of Ideas and Achievements, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print.
We will write a custom Assessment on Advancement of the computer specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Turley, Jim (2002). The Essential Guide to Semiconductors. New York: Prentice Hall, 2002. Print.
Winston, Patrick. Artificial Intelligence. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 2006. Print.
Importance of People Management in Organizations Report college admissions essay help
Introduction People management in any business organization is a main factor in determining organization success. The smooth running of any business set up requires recruitment of a substantial number of employees. To ensure a constant flow of business, it is important to understand the workers and handle them properly.
Managers in any business organization have been given the responsibility to provide leadership, inspire, educate and give confidence to the employees (Bedeian 2003, p. 124). Other managerial responsibilities include employing, deploying, evaluating and giving instructions to the workers. However, such responsibilities are not easy to undertake.
Performance management Managers use performance management to measure employees output. An organization is always deemed to benefit from employees’ integrated efforts. Efficiency at the work place requires managers integrate all employee issues to establish a positive working environment with increased output.
To be able to establish a good working environment, a manager is required to establish good reward policies and motivation for the workers. Managers use performance management as a strategy to provide a foundation of reward policies. In this respect, employees that perform in consistency with pre-determined goals are subjected to certain reward policies.
The reward policy should focus on developing the attitudes of the employees (Baron 2003, p. 89). This will increase motivation for working among the employees. For example, the best performing workers ought to be rewarded at the end of a trading period. The workers’ welfare should motivate them into providing their best.
Recruitment and selection Recruitment and selection of workers is a vigorous activity undertaken by the managers that require professional expertise. Competent workers will provide high quality work at minimal supervision. The implementation of policies and strategies is easier where the workers are competent (Higgins 2004, p. 167).
During job interviews, identification of the best candidates is an acid test for the selection panel. The panel should prepare an interview sheet that will define the exact potential of the job seeker. Academic performance should not be perceived as a major element during the exercise. The job seekers general outlook and discipline is important. Therefore, the selection process and criteria should include the experience and the general knowledge of the job seeker in regard to the job position.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Training development Training development is an important element in ensuring that an organization’s culture of competent human resource is maintained. Training development acts as a foundation where personnel are aligned with an organizations job expectations and goals. In recent years, the concept of training development has been used to instill motivation among employees.
The concept has been instrumental in providing employees with significant skills and knowledge on issues related to their profession. Training development has been used as one of the basic requirement acknowledged by the management before an employee is promoted.
Difficulties and mistakes in reward policies and motivation strategies A good reward strategy should motivate the worker. The reward should be given after a good performance by the worker. The reward strategy should be done regularly to promote the commitment of the workers. There are managers have no procedure or policy on how rewards should be given to the performing employees.
Moreover, some managers do not deem it important to engage other staff members in a making critical decision during the employee reward process. A culture of competition for the reward among the workers will increase the output of the company. A psychological contract makes the workers feel they are part of the business. In some instances, managers make the mistake of not establishing a guiding and counseling unit to promote the employees’ psychological contract (Baron 2003, p. 89).
The frontline staff in a business organization is the employees who work directly with the customers (Graban