Table of Contents Introduction
Summary of main points
Introduction The book titled “slow death by rubber duck” is authored by Rick smith and Bruce Lourie. The topic chosen by the authors for the text basically tells the reader what the book is all about.
A rubber duck is one of those items commonly found in homes and is perceived as rather harmless but the title of this text suggests that items such as the rubber duck can actually lead in fatalities. The topic reveals that in the present day, it is the things considered normal that are responsible for not only polluting the environment but our bodies as well.
The authors write this book for the purpose of educating readers about the dangers that chemicals in some commonly used products could pose to individuals exposed to them. The two authors examine how these toxins, which mostly leach out of the items commonly found in homes and places of work, can affect health and emphasize on the steps that can be taken to reduce exposure risks.
The book is an inside story of findings that the authors experienced firsthand during four days of exposing themselves to commonly found substances that contain toxins. It is from their observation of how these toxins affect their bodies that they write about the toxins found in seven commonly found chemicals.
The book takes a new approach of educating readers about just how often individuals expose themselves to toxins without even realizing it. Notwithstanding its light title, the book is filled with mind opening information that is supported by research items and is formatted in a manner that makes it very interesting to read.
The book hopes to educate its readers to take the necessary steps to reduce intoxicating themselves with habits or products that may seem harmless.
Summary of main points The book is made up of nine chapters, seven of which report on their findings about seven different substances. The other two are the introduction to the subject matter and suggestions of how to avoid being intoxicated by the said chemicals. After introducing the subject matter, the book illustrates how Smith and Lourie took turns in experimenting with different products.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Each chapter explores the history of a particular chemical, how it came to be known, actions that have been taken to contain its effects, the level of success or loss that the actions achieved, and previous studies that have examined the health risks associated with that particular chemical.
The chapters then state the actions taken by the two to increase or lower the success or failure levels of their experiment. The layout of the text allows a reader to separately focus on the effects of one chemical exhaustively before moving to the next.
The authors then close their book with a chapter that suggests several actions that could go a long way in reducing exposure to the seven chemical compounds explored in the book and these include avoiding personal care products that have fragrance, washing hand with water and soap instead of antibacterial products, avoiding the use of pesticides, and getting rid of no stick cooking ware, to mention but a few.
Apart from suggesting ways that can be taken to reduce intoxication in the home environment, the book also goes a step further to encourage legislatures, environmentalists and non-governmental organizations to join in the efforts to reduce pollution.
Authors’ background Rick Smith is not only a renowned Canadian author but also a popular environmentalist who has headed a couple of organizations within Canada that deal with environmental issues.
Some of the achievements associated with Rick are his successful campaign towards the ending of the hunting of bears in Ontario which was a common practice during spring.
He has also significantly contributed towards Canada’s toxic nation campaign, the shaping of the Species at Risk Act, Endangered Species act and Greater Golden Horseshoe Greenbelt, among other government policies. Bruce is also a prominent figure in Canada’s environmental circles.
We will write a custom Report on Review of Slow Death by Rubber Duck specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He has had a career in environmental issues for over 20 years which has largely dwelt with finding solutions to problems facing non-governmental organizations, both the profit based and non-profit based.
He holds several leadership positions within Canada’s environmental sector and is an expert in several fields including green energy, toxic chemicals, and the preservation of forest covers, among others. Bruce plays an active role in offering expertise advice to leaders in industries, governments and other organizations concerning a myriad of issues.
Evidence used As had been mentioned earlier in this essay, the evidence contained in this book was acquired after several experiments which the authors carried out on themselves. The two authors took turns in exposing themselves with different items commonly found in the home and work environments. Afterwards, they recorded the levels of toxins from these substances that got into their bodies by carrying out urine and blood tests.
Evaluation While discussing the effects of each chemical, the authors impressively discus each of the seven chemical substances to detail. They even go a step further and educate their readers about how they are exposed to these chemicals during their day to day activities.
The authors refer to a number of references that illustrate studies that have shown the dangers that the above mentioned chemicals pose to human health and the environment. The book is a collection of first hand evidence that reveal the environmental and health dangers that some common items can expose users to.
Even though the book provides details of first hand effects as experienced by the two authors, it can easily be said that the book is but a personal observation of the two authors.
The information contained in the book would have been more authoritative had it been derived from experiments carried out on a larger sample size. A larger sample size would have given authoritative results that would have prompted actions towards the reduction or even the banning of these products that contain toxins.
Conclusion As has been revealed by the findings in this book, some of the commonly utilized products and toys posses chemicals that in certain concentrations can be dangerous not only to the environment but to the health of those exposed to them.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Review of Slow Death by Rubber Duck by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The book explores seven chemicals and provides first hand evidence of the dangers posed by these chemicals with reference from other references. The book has mentioned how some governments, particularly Canada, have taken positive steps towards reducing dangers posed by certain chemicals.
Given the many dangers posed by some of the commonly used products, perhaps more governments and the society at large should take similar measures to control what products their populations are exposed to.
Reference Lourie, B.
Steroids in Baseball Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Mass entertainment sports
Steroid use and the affected victims
Test for steroids by MLB
Economic punishment and benefits of steroids use
The habit of steroid use among professional athletes is not uncommon in sports arena. Over the past decade, athletes have been charged with the use of performance enhancement drug namely the anabolic Steroid. The reputation of these athletes has been tarnished after they openly admitted to the allegations.
However, it is common knowledge that the use of performance enhancement drugs in competitive sports has been perceived with a lot of negativity (Frounfelter
Unilever Strategic Analysis Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Strengths
Weakness of Unilever
External analysis of the company
Recommendation to remain stronger amidst the changing market
Unilever is an international consumer product manufactures like foods, personal care products, cleaning agents, and beverages; the company is listed in Rotterdam stock exchange in Netherlands as Unilever and London stock exchanges in the United Kingdom Unilever PLC, the company was founded by Samuel van den Bergh, Antonius Johannes Jurgens, and William Hulme Lever Viscount Leverhulme on 1st January 1930.
To remain competitive in the changing business arenas, the company has enacted a number of strategic management tools aimed at creating competitiveness in the company.
Current chief executive officer and non executive chairman Paul Polman and Michael Treschow are keen on developing strategies that are responsive to changes in the international business environment; the company’s main competitors are Nestlé, Reckitt Benckiser Henkel, and Procter
“This Compost” Gives Hope and Makes People Think Essay essay help site:edu
Walt Whitman is one of the greatest poets who make people take notice of all wonders of the world. In his poem “This Compost” Whitman reveals the miracle of renovation of nature which is taken for granted by most of people. Moreover, this optimistic work gives hope to all those who fail to believe in the future of humanity on the Earth.
In the first place, it is important to point out that Whitman considers issues which are ignored by many. Even the poet himself admits that he did not pay attention to one of the most startling miracles of nature: “Something startles me where I thought I was safest” (Whitman 512).
Nonetheless, his unique perception of reality draws his attention to a great puzzle – nature regeneration. Many people do not even think of the paradox – many rotten substances (like dead plants or carcasses of animals and human corpses) go into the Earth, but instead of total contamination and decay of the planet there is flourishing of newborn organisms. Only few people admit that it is a great wonder.
Perhaps, humanity is accustomed to such a phenomenon as filter. People simply think of the scientific part of the issue. Whitman who has the sixth sense notices the wonder in it and exclaims: “What chemistry!” (513). His poem which reveals the mystery and beauty of renovation of the Earth makes people cherish their planet.
Apart from this Whitman gives hope to those who think that humanity has no future. He describes terrifying things noting that millions of dead and thick organisms are “swallowed” by the earth. Whitman expresses an idea, shared by many, that the earth should be contaminated by various illnesses.
Surprisingly, it is “clean forever and forever” (Whitman 514). The poet praises mysterious ability of the earth to regenerate and give new life. He is very optimistic stating that the earth absorbs sickness and transforms it into the background for new organisms to come.
In the end of the poem the reader becomes sure that there is nothing to be afraid of – the planet will regenerate. Of course, at this point it is essential to note that Whitman does not promulgate the following idea: people can pollute the planet (with various wastes and emissions) as it will renovate anyway.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The poet only depicts the natural cycle when some organisms fade away and new ones come into existence. The earth can filter this natural “contamination”: sickness of dead organisms. This ability of the earth should be praised.
Unfortunately, people forget about that miracle and do not stop exhausting the planet. Hopefully, Whitman’s poem can make people think and stop their unreasonable actions.
On balance, “This Compost” is one of those poems which can change the world. In the first place, the poet makes people notice the miraculous nature of the process which is usually taken for granted. On the other hand, the poem gives hope to those who are afraid of the future.
Whitman states that the earth regenerates. It can turn illness into a new life. There can be no decay on the Earth, so humanity has the future. Of course, the poem still makes people think of those unreasonable actions which pollute the planet. Praising regeneration of the planet Whitman’s poem makes people understand that natural cycle will not work when it deals with pollution.
Work Cited Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass: First and “Death-Bed” Editions. Ed. Karen Karbiener. New York: Barnes
Human services agencies Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Introduction Human services agencies can be defined as institutions formed with an aim of providing services that improve the well being of their clients. They are basically involved in providing or assisting in provision of support to people who are in needs in a particular community.
The support may be in terms of basic requirements such as food, housing, clothing as well as health; physical or mental. Members of a community usually turn to Human Services Agencies for help especially when the situation is beyond their capability.
In this case the agency is responsible for bringing back the situation into its normal state. In other word, Human Services Agencies provide physical and emotional needs to people.
In order to achieve this, the agency uses the best strategies to address the situation. The most common being mediation and advocating which in most cases they are used together (Umbreit, 2000).
Mediation can be defined as a method of resolving disputes between people by introducing a third party to intervene between them. In this case, the two conflicting parties are assisted in finding a common ground. The third party does not take sides and is required to hear from both parties. Advocacy on the other hand involves a third party who speaks for this/her client.
Existing Integration of Mediation and Advocacy within a Human Services Agency U. S. department of Air Force is one agency that integrates mediation and advocacy in conflict resolution. They use their web site to offer information for the human services through Alternative Dispute Resolution Program. Their target population includes researchers, government and members of the Air Force.
Through this program, the agency meets the needs of the people using the Air Force resources. In addition, it provides training and professionals who provide support to other people and the government.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More National center for state courts is a Human Service Agency that operates on court basis in relation to alternative dispute resolution. It seeks to address issues from a wide area of contexts including schools, government and members of the public.
The core method used in conflict resolution by this agency is mediation. Since it deals with courts, advocacy and mediation are employed especially in civil and criminal cases.
U. S. department of justice office of dispute resolution is another human service agency that uses both mediation and advocacy.
Their target population is the entire community. It seeks to provide justice for people who have been oppressed. Moreover, it emphasizes on using the best methods in solving the conflicts among people as well as those involving government states (United States Department of Justice Office of Dispute Resolution, 2010).
Merits of Mediation as a Method of Conflict Resolution Mediation is the best method of offering human services to the parties discussed in the agencies above. This is because mediation employs dialogue in which a given population is given an opportunity to present his/her argument.
In this case both parties come up with a solution that favors both sides. It is the best because parties involved are given the power to make decisions unlike other methods in which a third party make decision for them. Mediation provides a win-win situation (Haley and Jacqueline, 1998).
Conclusion Methods employed in providing human services should be effective and efficient. Since at the time of employing them the situation is usually worse, they should thrive to better the situation.
We will write a custom Essay on Human services agencies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They should therefore improve the situation without creating a win-lose situation. Mediation and advocacy method of providing human services ensure that the lives of affected people are made better without exploiting the other party.
References Haley, N.
Max Weber – The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Protestant Ethic
Introduction Max Weber in his book the protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism sought to explain the emergence of the modern capitalism and the origin of the modern secular and industrial society.
According to Weber, the source of work ethic and material success that is considered the beginning of material success is found in the premises of business strength. To him, even the modern day capitalists are unable to explain its origin.
According to Weber, the spirit of the present capitalism developed out of protestant ethic of the 16th century of the puritan churches and even sects: these are mainly the Calvinists, the Methodists, and the Quakers etcetera.
These Protestants prioritized work over material success and nothing else mattered according to them whether their families, leisure or hobbies, and therefore capitalism was argued to have roots in the protestant denomination (Protestant Ethic 14).
The Protestant Ethic According to Weber, capitalism was the accumulation of wealth and deeply rooted in rationality; to him capitalism emerged victorious over tradition and was as a result of a disciplined labor force. This scenario was only evident in European countries and more particularly in protestant nations.
Weber arrived at the protestant ethic and spirit of capitalism by analyzing the three religions; the Catholicism, Lutheranism and the protestant denominations and related the analysis to the extent they could bring psychological rewards.
The Catholics argued that placing wealth before God could jeopardize the soul and also that was against the kingdom of God as nothing as nothing ought to come before the kingdom. Weber agreed that individuals explained human behavior in reference to religion and not economic power in connection to religion.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He furthermore agreed that human beings did not view the supernatural as a causal factor but instead they considered the structural factors as causal factors. These structural factors include economic, political and social forces. Max Weber believed that religious belief has a lot of influence in the daily life of every individual.
What Weber sought to explain is evident in the modern society; among the Americans, for example, dedication to work and success in life is derived from protestant beliefs or the tradition of the protestant people.
This was evident in the year 1999 when the USA replaced Japan as the global leader in the number of hours worked per year. Hard working people in the society are often appreciated and praised. If Weber could have been alive, he could have regarded these features of the American society as true reflection of his thesis.
When Weber discussed capitalism that was characterized by profit maximization and mass production, he analyzed so devoid of the principle of human rationality.
Weber failed to recognize that any human being is bound by the principles that govern every society and it is a matter of duty rather than religion that makes an individual to exploit its labor (Etzrodt 4).
The constant and consistent capacity to work hard is associated with one’s religious indoctrination and one’s desire to work hard is assumed to be a favor from God.
Weber assumed vocational calling as a sign psychological motivation from God and the values of restlessness and systematic work in vocational calling were the best demonstration that God’s power was in that individual.
We will write a custom Essay on Max Weber – The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Those in modern business tirelessly strive for wealth and profit since this gives them assurance of salvation because doing so is sanctioned by God and hence a fundamental source of the protestant ethic.
Profit and wealth in business was linked to God’s favor for an earthly kingdom of abundance and a massive production of wealth and generation of profit by an individual was an indication that God favored that individual.
Also the opportunity to compete by those in business was not by chance but was considered an opportunity provided by God to generate wealth.
Weber argued that the acquisition of wealth was an end in itself; similarly, he argued that the urge to acquire riches for the sake of living well and luxuriously was in itself a sin and was to be condemned since it went against Gods intention that only good and pleasant life was found in heaven and not in earth.
Also to him, the hardworking and business oriented individuals could not boost of their status of their accumulated wealth or profit as a sign that they were among the chosen few and instead they were to link it to religious significance and view it as an indication of salvation (Weber 8).
The greatest impact of this spirit of capitalism was that any person who was involved in the acquisition and accumulation of wealth was to perform that with the main desire to place himself/herself at the core of life.
Weber was against the motive of accumulating wealth for greed or the accumulation of wealth for sole purpose of bodily or earthly comfort but was for the idea that it ought to be saved, accumulated and later to be re-invested in worthy enterprise.
Criticism Weber is highly criticized due to his argument that capitalism neither could nor has been possible and without ethic or rather a spirit. Instead the critiques argue that capitalism can in the case of Catholicism just like Protestantism since capitalism could occur not only based on ascetism but also on rationality.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Max Weber – The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A critical analysis of Weber’s work indicates that it was a misinterpretation of other churches and sects, indeed there is an inclusion that Calvinist ideas were not capitalist in form. There is also an utter misrepresentation of the Catholic Church. Contemporary arguments are that Catholicism is manifestly capitalistic and their ideals favor capitalism.
Weber failed to explain the fact that the reformation by John Calvin and Martin Luther king was a reaction towards the capitalistic tendencies of the Catholic Church as opposed to his explanation that it was a way of allowing protestant capitalism to develop.
This is the position of Weber that suffer from the heaviest criticisms since it is well understood that the motive of the reformation was due to the fact that catholic was participating in the accumulation of wealth.
Furthermore, Weber’s work has been criticized due to his failure to factor in two historical features; first was the prosperity the cities of Venice and Genoa which were prosperous and economically wealth in Europe during the time Max Weber was writing his thesis.
Consequently, during the same time, there was rivalry between Austria and Prussia and during their war; Prussia was dominantly supported by the catholic France which was the powerful state in Europe at that time. Weber also failed to factor in this catholic factor and the sources of this catholic wealth and this is considered the missing link in his arguments (Pierotti 1).
In the contemporary world, developments and prosperity of states do not conform to the assertions of Weber. The recent development in the East Asian region is an evident that capitalism does not follow the line of religion since these countries are not Protestants.
Consequently the modern prosperity that is witnessed in countries like Spain and Italy which are predominantly catholic and yet they subscribe to capitalistic ideologies totally contradicts Max’s assertion that capitalism is synonymous to the protestant doctrines.
This example is a clear indication that capitalism is influenced by factors like geography, political and secular orientation and not Protestantism per se (Parsons and Weber 35). The association by Weber of capitalism to the age of reformation has also been highly criticized.
This is because capitalism existed before the age of reformation and Europe practiced capitalism before the protestant revolution and if Weber’s assertion that Protestantism is linked to capitalism then the emergence of the protestant revolution only perpetuated the already existing capitalism.
Conclusion The fact that Weber introduced the theme of the protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism to understand why the west was developing faster than other regions and yet other societies had the necessary materials yet they were not developing led to a conclusion that there was a phenomenon that sparked this development which could also make them to abandon their traditional ways.
The big question that Weber failed to answer was whether all countries in the west were subscribing to the protestant ideals? If the answer was yes then he definitely was wrong and his thesis was incorrect since there were countries like Spain, England, Poland and Italy which were dominantly catholic and yet their level of development and prosperity was at par with that of other western countries.
If his answer was no, then he would have totally contradicted his work and his thesis. Therefore the argument by Max Weber does not seem to hold much truth.
Works Cited Etzrodt, Christian. Weber’s Protestant-Ethic Thesis, the Critics, and Adam Smith. MaxWeber Studies, n.d. Web.
Parsons, Talcott and Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.
Pierotti, Sandra. Backup of the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Criticisms of Weber’s Thesis, 2003. Web.
Protestant Ethic. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Soc, n.d. Web.
Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. RoxBury, 2011. Web.
Visual Communication Essay custom essay help
There are many ways to communicate and Visualization is one of them. It is a powerful tool that aids communication as it acknowledges the power of visual skills. Visual communications, as the name indicates, is the type of communication that uses visuals to relay information.
As such information, data and knowledge can be relayed in a manner that it can be looked upon. Therefore visualization is one of the knowledge management techniques. The use of visuals media make information more meaningful to people. There are several visual communication tools that are used to make communication more meaningful.
Among the visual communication tools are: information graphics, symbols and signs, shapes and colours, charts and graphs, and typography. Each of these visual media tools is useful for presentation of specific type of information. Graphs and tables, topography and use of colours are important visual tools that aid the presentation and comprehension of data.
Graphs and tables are the crudest form of visual communication. This is because the technologies and techniques used in formulation these types of visual mediums are simple and easy to use. Graphs and tables are used to add more meaning to quantitative data.
Graphs help to highlight the relationships between values being described by giving them size. While using graphs and tables it becomes easier to discern how the variables are related in terms of the trends and pattern.
For graphs and tables to be effective they must be minimal obstructions that obscure the information being relayed. Features such as 3D effects and background pictures should be avoided in construction of graphs and tables.
However, colour can be used to enhance meaning. Colour helps to highlight the actual differences in the variables being compared as well as showing the correlations between those variables (Few, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The advantage of graphical representations over tables is that graphs help readers to interpret data in form of shapes and colours, which is not possible while using tables.
Tables are graphical methods of presenting data in form of numerical values. As such, it becomes easier to locate specific values. The figure below shows an example of a simple graph that uses colour to contrast a number of variables
Source: Few 2006
Other than in graphs colour can be used in photos and pictures. Colour is useful as a form of visual communication tool as it is known to affect human behaviour. This is because each of the colours has a specific meaning. Black colour represents mourning, while white colour may be used to reefer to peace and purity.
In most of the cultures across the world, red mean danger. Due to the varied meaning of colours across cultures, they are therefore used to express connotations about reality. Furthermore, colours are sued to express feelings and emotions such as joy, anger, love and fear.
Colour should also be used sparingly as the more the number of colour used in a graphical representation the more chaotic the presentation becomes. However, the use of colour has a number of advantages.
It increases comprehension of the information being relayed as it increases recognition of specific data of colour is that it increases the comprehension of can be used to link related data, improves learning and reduces error of interpreting data. As such colour is effective in aiding the recall of knowledge.
We will write a custom Essay on Visual Communication specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For colour to be effective as a visual tool it must be used with space around it to show separation. Bright colours should be used to indicate priority information (Hostetler, n.d.). When colour is used on photos and pictures it helps to enhance reality as opposed to black and white images.
Colour also adds meaning to identity of the photos as it rouses the sense of perception (Douglis, 2004). The graph below shows how colour indicates trends and relations between the EURO against the US dollars and Japanese yen exchange rates
Source: Bank of Finland 1999
Topography is another of the visual communication aids that is used to aid communications. Topographical forms are used effectively to evoke feelings and emotions from the audience. This is achieved via combining physical form with textual forms.
Topography is used to convey one of the most useful attribute of than existences: motion. Through the use of topographical a sense of direction is achieved. The use of topographical forms is combined with technological innovations resulting to visual communication referred to as topographical animations.
Topographical forms can also be used to relay the essence of time. Using visual topographical forms in motion, objects may be made to appear and disappear into space thus indicating a sequence of time. The figure below is a topographical representation of visual punctuation that evokes human feelings of thrill, hope or apprehension using the exclamation mark (Hostetler, n.d.).
Source: Hostetler, n.d.
The use of visual communication tools has therefore been used facilitate better relay of information. Visual communication tools such as images, colour pictures and topography are used to add more meaning to a message as they aid the comprehension of information.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Visual Communication by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Visual also enhance the meaning of a message as they evoke emotions from the reader. Moreover, visuals can also be used to express other dimensions such as direction, space and time. As such communication is effective through visual communication tools.
Reference List Bank of Finland (1999). Euro exchange rates. Web.
Douglis, P. (2004). When color makes the difference in conveying ideas and meaning. Communication World, 21(4), 52-53. Web.
Few, S. (2006). Stephen Visual communication. Web.
Hostetler, S. (n.d). Integrating Typography and Motion in Visual Communication. Web.
Doing the Truth in Love by Himes, Michael Edition 95” Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Sacramental Vision
Eucharist: Covenant, Thanksgiving, and Destiny
Doing the Truth in Love
The Christian religion has some values that can be seen to follow the line of ethical conduct in the community; Himes Michael in the book “Doing the Truth in Love by Himes, Michael Edition 95” discuses the religion of Christianity from the angle of a catholic. This short paper reviews chapters seven to nine of the book and discusses some of the aspects brought about.
Sacramental Vision When discussing on sacramental vision, the writer elaborated on the attachment that Catholics had with sacrament; they believe that sacrament is the body of Christ thus they perform the ritual as a form of remembrance of the father of the religion.
The sacrament is aimed at renewing relationships with Christ and offering the Christians a chance to repent their sins and connect with the fathers of the religion.
From the ethical perspective, the issues of renewing once visions and keeping the vision that one has is reinforced in the chapter; whether in business or community, it is ethical to be focused on once vision and have policies to keep track in the case the vision seems burred.
The chapter was significance as understood that human beings can fail in their promises however it gives them hope that when they fail, they should not keep on the broken situation but should arise and repent and move on with life.
The most interesting thing about the topic is how understanding and forgiving Christ it; the virtue of accepting once sins and repenting them has also been emphasized.
When reading the chapter the questions that lingers in the mind is how many time can someone seek repentance?
If forgiveness is guaranteed are there chances that people will become reckless with their actions
Is there an ideal situation in the world?
Eucharist: Covenant, Thanksgiving, and Destiny When the writer was reflecting on the topic he was of the opinion that in life its ethical to show your gratitude and offer some thanks to those people who do good to you; the approach as taken by the religion shows the need to value the little things that other people do to someone and being willing to pass a vote of thanks.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In Christianity, Eucharist is a show of reunion with the Christ whom the Christian has a covenant with, they do this through thank giving, repenting and keeping focused to their destiny.
When reading the chapter, the most important aspect that came out is the need to offer thanks and appreciate other people who have done something good to use; on the other hand, the chapter reinforces the need to keep our promises with other people and suggest that people should have a way that they should remind themselves of the promises they made and keep them.
When reading the text, the most interesting thing that comes in my mind is how well the Christians with catholic faith have mastered the art of repenting and thanks giving however the question that lingered in my mind is how sincere the believers are?
Should Eucharist and thank giving offer them a leeway that they can behave unacceptable then repent to save their relation with God and keep their destiny alive?
On the positive side of it, the chapter was challenging me to look into the promises that I have made and consider if I have enacted adequate strategies to them work.
Doing the Truth in Love The religion of Christianity is called the religion of love; love is in the center stage of the religion as people are expected to love each other as they love themselves.
In chapter nine, the writer emphasis the need to do the right thing and be truthful in what they do, love should be the center stage when deciding how to treat someone or the measures to take in the case that an issue has arose.
We will write a custom Essay on Doing the Truth in Love by Himes, Michael Edition 95” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When reading the chapter the most interesting thing was to the extent that the bible requires people to love each other, the love should be as much as someone loves himself; the chapter seemed exaggerated however it is the bible that states so, thus Christians have no option than obeying the commandments.
The chapter was significance in the study and understanding of ethics in societies either among people or in businesses, according to the chapter, there is increasing need to have loved and thinking of the other person as you would like him to think about you. The thought will yield good result and develop the society as a whole (Himes 78- 145).
When reading the chapter, I was feeling a deficiency that I have to love and cherish others; it was challenging to adopt the levels that it seemed to advocate however the following questions arose as a result:
Is the love advocated among Christians practical?
Can someone be able love other people equally and treat them right always?
Are there no situations that love can fail to work?
Works Cited Himes, Michael. Doing the Truth in Love. New York: Paulist Press, 1995. Print.
Analysis of media coverage of president Obama’s activities Essay writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Positive, negative neutral or biased coverage
Introduction The topic of Obama’s media coverage has sparked numerous debates in several media houses in America. Many of these arguments have taken a comparative study between the previous regimes, for instance the Bush and Clinton reign. A comprehensive research has been carried out and divided into three categories.
First was to establish if the media has been biased, secondly is to identify whether the media has taken a neutral stand and thirdly to establish if the media has taken a negative view.
Lastly, if the said research has been biased; it is imperative to note that the American media since the presidential campaigns in two thousand and eight has been in favor of president Obama.
Positive, negative neutral or biased coverage The media is expected to be fair and balanced but it is said to have grossly deviated from such norms. The gravity of the allegations of bribery was stated but none has so far been proved; hence confrontations and blame has been levied on the media houses up to the casting of the ballot when the democrat candidate took an early lead.
The media was labeled biased in its opinion polls even before the polls. The swearing into office of president Obama was highly captured by the media and accordingly the media had no option except covering the event for the sake of their faithful viewers and listeners.
It would be unreasonable to suggest or imagine less coverage of such an event since it would have had a negative commercial effect on the media further the fear of being termed the governments enemy couldn’t be ruled out at that stage (Calmes, p.40).
The only option seen as the last resort was to sufficiently cover such an event. It is without doubt to state that what happened in the campaigns was reflected in the white house when Obama took office.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This reflection by American media serves as a great detriment to America and the consequences are felt by the citizens who mainly rely on the media for first hand information. If the media feeds its respondents with one-sided stories it means that the truth will be kept hidden.
The only unfairness is to have the media which purports to be neutral and independent but instead it turns out to be the fourth arm of the government (Obama, p.47).
The media seemed to have given the Obama’s administration a positive coverage from the first day in office in what they famously called the hundred days in office. A policy started by the former American president Roosevelt who measured his achievement from the first day in power up to the hundredth day.
Compared to Clinton and Bush the Obama administration received a positive tone from the media. Editors are said to have positively covered Obama’s government as early as the first hundred years in office.
Media was said to give Obama, by then a democratic presidential candidate, more coverage than his republican counterpart John Mcain.This criticisms were strongly hurled on almost all media houses but much of the criticism was directed towards CNN (Phillips, P. 12).
However, many media houses can defend their positive image by stating that president Obama took power when America was experiencing tough economic crisis which president Obama seems to keenly take interest and positive response which was not the case in nineteen ninety nine when Clinton came into power and the two thousand and one during the Bush regime.
What appeared as a bad time for Obama to come into power gave him the admiration of the media.
We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of media coverage of president Obama’s activities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is no doubt that the popular nature of Obama than his predecessor has made him more irresistible by the media. His eloquence, charisma and sensitivity to the felt needs of the majority population of Americans.
The low and unfavorable coverage of President Bush gave Obama a savior admiration. Its should be remembered that Obama had to set aside some of his policies to build the image of America in the outside world which included the closure of the Guatanamo Bay and improving the American relation with the Arab world and more specifically the Iraq issue.
Obama’s move to withdraw American troops from Iraq to let the Iraq people form their government was highly welcomed by both American and Arabic media (Ahrens, P.8).
No wonder his favored coverage has been based on his policies and the mere believe that he is a symbol of change because he is the first black American president.
Media bias has been said to be one of the greatest contributor of Obama’s victory. For instance, it has been alleged that Obama is a smoker but the mainstream media has never stated that in their news.
The mainstream media has been blamed for handling Obama with kids gloves instead of perceiving him like any other politician who makes promises and can later break them. The independent investigative role of journalists is being quickly replaced by a worshipful media (King, p.54). Such biased coverage can be traced from the forty two million dollars on budget set for Bush inauguration.
This was criticized by the media bitterly but when such amount was set for the Obama’s inauguration it seemed to be accepted by the media and the media did not raise a finger to question that act; while during the time of the Bush he was said to remind the American population of the French extravagant Lois XVI.
We can not sit and wish away this partisan news presentation while it’s rumored that a photographer in Times Magazine works for both the magazine and for the white house. Such conflict of interest in the media will always lead to news being one-sided.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analysis of media coverage of president Obama’s activities by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The once respected voice of the needy and the opposition during the past regimes has now changed into a praising tool of the government. Still in the same economic crisis, troops still in Iraq and the rarely talked of Guatanamo bay Issue is pending.(Phillips, P.61).
There seems to have been a love affair between the press and Obama. In fact one journalist is said to have said that he had seen many presidents but he couldn’t find fault in president Obama and he didn’t know anyone who hates Obama.
The Whitehouse is criticized for choosing the journalists to ask questions in a press conference. The pro-government journalists are selected while others are left (Philips, p. 64).
On a critical point like the May first killing of Osama Bin Laden, the mainstream media wasted its time to promote its partial news reporting when they kept showing how the killing of Osama would boast Obamas popularity.
The media ought to have looked at that invasion of Pakistan as a serious breach of international law since that was a direct interference with another country’s sovereignty which will for sometime affect the relationship between America and Pakistan.
Furthermore the media should have cautioned the honorary American citizens of the dangers of a terrorist threat by Al Qaeda in a move to revenge the death of their leader.
Obama is enjoying a messiah treatment in Whitehouse and he must have learned the essential use of media in politics. He seems more smart instead of using force to get their support he instead manipulates them by inviting them for dinner.
For maintenance of checks and balances in any country, the government must respect the vibrant role of the press. This marriage of the press by the state can not facilitate a healthy state (Calmes, p.44).
Despite the major criticism against the mainstream media, the first hundred days contained in depth analyses of the issues ahead of the Obama’s presidential road. For instance, Fox news fully covered the hundred days in office in office by showing the priorities and the challenges facing the Obama’s administration.
The BBC world service seemed to make a neutral analysis by conducting an opinion poll to show the high hopes of the American relations being improved. The passing of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 was impartially covered with factual details on how the Act would help in American economic crisis.
It is important to state that at this point the media sufficiently covered the events in a more analytical way to give an educative role which assures a grain of hope in a neutral media (Reid, p.77).
The passing of the States Children Health Insurance Program also was faced with much scrutiny by the mainstream media. The direct comparison given of the earlier regimes health care programs portray less partisan mass media.
Furthermore, the Led Better law which erupted into major controversies was also considered in its distinct stages before it was passed into law.
The media has also taken a fore role to capture the Iraq issue putting a reminder on the Obama administration that the withdrawal of the American troops from the Iraq was to take part during the first hundred days of his coming into power a thing which Obama administration is depicted by the media as shifting the goal posts to be able to convince American citizens that they have not failed.
At this point we consider the act of the New York Times to cover the one hundred days achievement in a five days series containing a substantial framework of what was promised within the hundred days and so far what has been achieved (Reid, p. 79).
The few neutral media coverage has been seen as a drop of water in a sea considering the coverage of the ABC channel which has been dubbed “All Barrack channel” since the channel seems to have mainly taken a side of being pro Obama in all aspects which leaves the listener with a nagging question of whether the Obama government is all that perfect(MSNBC.com, Para 4).
When the prices of gas in U.S were going up during the Bush regime the media was very active in its criticism but a time like today when the gas prices are soaring high no meaningful scrutiny is taking place and the media has feigned blindness hence causing all levels of inference to be drawn on the exact role of the media.
The media while pretending to be liberal has tried to paint the obamas regime as facing a hard task hence playing and negotiating the role seeking sympathetic perception. Just like telling Americans to understand that the government cannot deliver since it is in a can’t-help situation.
The media is portraying the Obama administration as helpless as per the circumstances. Lots of strong sentiments have been put forward calling the Obama administration a manipulator of the media.
The sad story is that the mainstream media has been crippled and hence giving the Obama governmenment a chance to not only control the media houses but also divide and rule them.
We finally experience the shifting blame game between the different media houses. On the reality part of it, the citizens are forced to watch a media with two sides not knowing which side to support (Calmes, p.49).
Still shocked of how the Israel prime minister visited white house and left unmentioned. If the coverage was prohibited the media should have reported that to their listeners but of course it would have changed the view that the government has on the media; a thing that the media could not have risked doing.
They prefer breaching their relationship with the listeners rather than reporting what the government doesn’t approve. A decision is already made that if there is a conflict between the government and the interests of the citizens who are the listeners the government’s interest is to prevail.
To be critical enough, the much appraised tea demonstration coverage has presented a temptation to the effect that the media is unbiased but the twist awakes great surprise when we learn that the founder of the organization is a great ally of president Obama. It now leads to a very interesting conclusion of the media being the fourth branch of the government (Calmes, p.52).
President Obama seems to have gone against the very principles of freedom of speech and the independence of the media ideas he advocated for. Maybe they were sweet words said to win the audience and in turn translate into votes.
During his campaign trail he used the press conferences, a thing expected to be reciprocated after him taking office but it took everyone by surprise when he cut the conferences and begun selecting the journalists allowed to ask questions prior to him allowing such conferences.
In the recent gay rights demonstration which took part in the white house neighbourhood, the police were seen chasing the journalists and the reporters a thing not evident in the past. The lack of transparency and the move to suppress media coverage is very new.
Is the media trying to make whatever the Obama administration does right? The truth is if such an event occurred during the Bush days there would be much said. The media has been used and abused by the Obama administration and it doesn’t surprise anyone when the government passed laws to shamelessly prohibit and to fully limit the press covering the gulf oil spilling (Obama, p. 35).
Propaganda by the media about the recovery program has been aimed at showing not only that the program is effective but how it has already reached the recovery point. This is a great lie because the media impresses the government on a program which is on its knees.
The recession is greatly felt and it’s an insult to the American population to feed them with lies of economic recovery while the situation on ground is pathetic and unbearable.
President Obama seems to have smartly mastered some rules to play by for instance he followed the protocols of inviting the media at Oval office. His invitations to the press were to create a picture of transparency which is not there in the first place (Obama, p. 26).
The presentation of a global warming research with highlights of the dangerous economic times has been received with much praise and excitement from the usual media. Expected though but it is still unbelievable of how environmental issues were being taken lightly by the media.
The major controversies on the impact of global warming should at least have been considered and given the attention they deserve.
Presentation of the maps and chats from various government departments was supposed to be given a keen analysis to convey the real situation instead of praising the government’s effort while the effects of the environmental degradation are felt daily.
This present confusion as presented by the media is outrageous. Long before the Labor Department released their figures on the jobs created by the government, the mainstream media had given a full coverage of twenty thousand jobs created by the government for the hundred days in office.
This figure was highly questioned and when the department made its release, the results couldn’t match the ones earlier released by the press (Ahrens, p. 17).
A strong allegation on the Obama’s administration trying to shift the economic structure into socialism has been ignored by the media intentionally.
There has been a new tie between America and China and most importantly with Russsia.Does it means that the media is not aware of such a rumor? Why the loyal silence? The government of president Obama is highly protected and media happens to be the ruthless supporter of the government.
Creation of this propaganda and total denial of information can be a time bomb and the effects are tremendous. The recent uprisings in the Arab world have been occasioned by having a media which will not only sieve what to give to their listeners in favor of the government but also defend and follows everything said by the government religiously.
The results are devastating and it can take decades or eternity for a country to heal from the impacts of a revolution (Atlas, 248).
Much false hope has been implanted in the minds of the masses on the Obama administration and the media has perfectly enhanced that. After the victory of Obama it was thought to be the end of Iraq like scenarios but we can’t wish that when Libya has been invaded with a clear strategy of removing Gaddaffi from power.
The image that the Americans thought was to be improved has grossly been tainted. How does the bad leadership in Libya affect America?
It takes the world by surprise when it happens under the watchful eyes of a toothless partisan media. What the media does is to try to sharpen their criticism against another regime while their own regime is not different at all (Phillips, p. 23).
Conclusion Amidst much debate on the media coverage of president Obama’s rule, facts have beyond doubt proved that to a larger extent the media has positively covered president Obama.
It emanates from the campaign trail whereby the media was rumored to have favored him. The role taken by the press to behave as the fourth wing of the government should be condemned and the country should embark on establishing a fair, free and impartial mass media for full realization of progress in the country
Works Cited Ahrens, Frank ”Senate Passes Stimulus Bill, 61-37″. The Washington Post. 2009-02-10.
Atlas, John. Seeds of Change: The Story of ACORN, America’s Most Controversial Antipoverty Community Organizing Group. New York, Vanderbilt University Press, 2010.
Calmes, Jackie ”House Passes Stimulus Plan Despite G.O.P.Opposition”. The New York Times, January 28, 2009.
King, John, Second 100 days will be bigger test for Obama, CNN, MSNBC.com. “In First 100 Days, Obama Flips Bush Admin’s Policies, ABC News, Huma. Bush has reached an important milestone”. MSNBC.com. Microsoft.
Obama, Barrack ‘Dramatic Action’ Needed Now to Fix Economy”. The New York Times. 2009-01-17.
Phillips, Kate. “Senate Passes Stimulus Bill, 61-37”. The New York Times, 2009-02-10.
Reid, Tim “Barrack Obama lays plans to deaden expectation after election victory”. The Times, 2008-11-01.
Ways in which people are guilty of George Orwell’s complaints Research Paper college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Instances of Orwell’s complaints in today’s political language
Introduction Political jargon is still one of the most confusing languages spoken. George Orwell’s observaions are just as true today as they were when he wrote the book “Politics and the English language’.
However, because these mistakes are based on context, then political language today has also varied. All the basic deviations exist; it is simply execution that has changed.
Instances of Orwell’s complaints in today’s political language One of the four issues Orwell talks about is the use of meaningless words. Modern writing is now characterized by words which add little to the overall meaning intended.
These are worsened by the piecing together of meaningless words to form vague paragraphs and phrases. Orwell (13) uses a well known verse from the bible to illustrate this argument.
He affirms that while the bible would state that “the race is not to the swift … nor to the strong… but time happeneth to all” (Orwell, 10), modern writers would say this: “contemporary phenomena compels the conclusion that success or failure in competitive activities exhibits no tendency to be commensurate with innate capacity”(Orwell, 10).
He criticizes this modern translation because it is not arresting enough, it also dilutes the writer’s original meaning and lacks in concreteness. In fact, Orwell’s biggest objection to modern political writing is that it lacks images. Most writers are fond of using several long and unnecessary phrases.
These mistakes are still prevalent in today’s political scene. In fact, the 2008 political campaigns were full of them. When presidential candidate John McCain attended a political rally at Moon Township in Western Pennsylvania, this is what he said
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More “You know, I think you may have noticed that Senator Obama’s supporters have been saying some pretty nasty things about Western Pennsylvania lately. And you know, I couldn’t agree with them more.
I couldn’t disagree with you. I couldn’t agree with you more than the fact that Western Pennsylvania is the most patriotic, most god-loving, most, most patriotic part of America, and this is a great part of the country” (Diakides, 15).
Senator McCain was guilty of the same misdeeds discussed in Orwell’s book. First, he contradicts himself by saying that he agrees with his opponents but then realizes the mistake he has made and corrects it in the second sentence by cliaming that he agrees with the voters.
He then affirms this in a third sentence by repeating what he said in the first sentence that he could not agree more with the audience. He did what many writers and speakers in the political environment tend to do; he chocked himself with his own words.
McCain landed himself in trouble because he used too many negatives in this quote. Instead of simply saying that he agrees with the Western Pennsylvanians, he negated his main verb by comparing it with something else but because he had not thought through that comparison then he ended up contradicting himself.
After going around in circles, the speaker then repeats the same phrase that he started with, in reference to the audience and not his opponents. Orwell (11) explains that most politicians have a tendency of piecing together meaningless words as phrases because it takes less time and effort to think about them.
The words “couldn’t agree with you more” could simply be substituted with “I agree with you”. Orwell (13) explains that this kind of English is particularly appealing to politicians because it is easier and quicker. One does not have to think about complementary words because they are already preset in these meaningless phrases.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Ways in which people are guilty of George Orwell’s complaints specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The presidential hopeful was probably trying to think of a clever way of getting a negative message across without sounding so aggressive. These instances of clumsiness hurt McCain’s campaign as the public had satirized him for it.
He would have prevented all that by thinking about what he wanted to say, gathering the right words, piecing them up in the shortest way and avoiding as much “ugliness” in his speech as possible.
Another issue that George Orwell discusses in his book is the use of operators or verbal false limbs. Here, speakers replace simple nouns and verbs with phrases made of adjectives and nouns.
For example, instead of using the word ‘involved’ a politician would rather say ‘play a leading part in’. Furthermore, these kinds of speeches tend to avoid use of the un- formation and instead replace them with endings such as –ize. In the 2008 political campaign, another political leader committed the same sin.
Sara Palin was speaking at a fundraiser in Greensoboro and this is what she said:
“We believe that the best of America is not all in Washington, D.C…. We believe that the best of America is in these small towns that we get to visit, and in these wonderful little pockets of what I call the real America, being here with all of you hard working very patriotic, um, very, um, pro-America areas of this great nation.” (Eilperin, 7)
In the speech, Palin adds what Orwell calls a false limb to the noun America when she calls the people of Greensoboro ‘pro-American’. This term caused a lot of debate among opponents and supporters because they did not agree with her intended meaning in the sentence.
By calling other towns pro-American, the VP candidate was trying to say that certain parts in America were not American. In other words, to her, Washington lacked those crucial traits that she was talking about in her campaign. Palin seemed to have been in a tight spot; she was trying to look for the right words to thank her hosts but appears to have messed that up.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ways in which people are guilty of George Orwell’s complaints by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Readers and viewers of the speech could have interpreted that false limb in a number of ways; some would have taken on racist stances in that those small towns have many majorities. Others may have assumed that small townspeople had better work ethic or were more productive than larger cities.
She used a noun (America) in the place of a more descriptive word so that she could avoid taking responsibility for her utterancesions. Orwell (13) explains that politicians spoil the English language because they are insincere.
He affirms that when one’s intended and stated aims are different then one is likely to cling to these long and ambiguous terms.
Palin’s intentions may have been racial so she use the false limb in order to avoid revealing them. Indeed, she revealed the fact that politics is an aspect that is full of maneuvers and evasions when contentions and disagreements abound (Nunberg, 5).
The third mistake that Orwell identifies in his writing is the use of dying metaphors. Writers sometimes use words that do not stir up readers in any way; a possible sign that they do not care about the information they are conveying.
Some of them may not fully understand the meaning of those metaphors while others may have confused meanings by twisting the metaphor around. In these circumstances, a writer may pervert it. Orwell (12) gives the example of the phrase ‘hammer and anvil’.
He explains that certain writers may give the implication that the anvil was worse off than the hammer yet this is not true. Orwell believes that if these writers simply thought through their utterances then this scenario would not arise.
A case of such distortions occurred during the October campaign when a reporter was writing about Obama’s half aunt. The title of the report was “The November Surprise?”.
He revealed that the then Presidential candidate’s aunt was illegal. The immigration department denied her asylum so she had been using public housing illegally.
The writer believed that the information had been leaked to the public by someone in the Republican campaign since it is illegal to reveal information about someone’s legal status when the case was still unresolved.
Furthermore, Benen (6) believed that this information had the capacity to influence presidential election hence his title “November surprise”. He even cliamed that when one voted for Obama then one would expect more of the same in the subsequent four years; an indication that the author himself hoped the public would be influenced by that new revelation.
However, if one examines the context and use of this phrase then one would realize that the author has actually perverted the metaphor. In the American political scene, people use the term October surprise to describe news events that have the ability to modify outcomes in elections in the coming month.
October was the month chosen because this is the month before November when national elections take place. It started in 1972 when presidential candidate Richard Nixon announced, just twelve days prior to the national election, that peace was at hand in Vietnam (Kissinger, 13).
This came at a perfect time because Nixon had not delivered on his promise to put an end to the war during his ending four year term in office. His popularity (which was already high) increased tremendously in those two weeks and eventually contributed to his victory in the election.
The surprising news took place on 26 October and became a phrase associated with last minute news prior to the election.
When Benen (6) talked about Obama’s aunt, he was referring to surprising news that had the capacity to affect election outcomes. Although, these revelations sprung up in the month of November, the writer was not obligated to change the phrase ‘October surprise’ to ‘November surprise’.
The public is already aware of the meaning behind the term October surprise. Any last minute event that can influence presidential outcomes is understood as such.
Even if the revelation occurred just one day into the month of November, it would still have the same effect as one that occurred in the previous month and people would have understood it. He therefore distorted the metaphor because he wanted to capture every precise detail of the new information in his phrase. What matters is the principle; not the details.
Conclusion As Orwell suggested, most politicians and political writers pervert language in order to hide their insincerity, their ignorance or their laziness. The three scenarios discussed in the essay reflect these underlying vices and are symptoms of a bigger problem in American politics.
In the first scenario, presidential candidate was guilty of laziness because he did not think of the right phrase to use. His VP candidate was guilty of insencirity because she meant one thing and said another.
Lastly, the Washington post author was ignorant because he did not think about the real meaning of the original phrase so he coined another one in order to make up for those differences as he went along.
Works Cited Benen, Steve. “November surprise?” November, 1, 2008. Washington Monthly. Web.
Diakides, Tasha. Mccain: Western Pa. ‘most patriotic’ part of the country. October 21, 2008. CNN. Web.
Eilperin, Juliet. “To avoid being depressed, Palin skimps on campaign news.” October 17, 2008. Huffington post. Web.
Kissinger, Henry. Ending the Vietnam War: A history of America’s involvement in Extrication from the Vietnam War. NY: Simon Schuster, 2003. Print.
Orwell, George. Politics and the English language. NY: Horizon Publishers, 1946. Print.
Nunberg, Geoffrey. “If it’s ‘Orwellian’, it’s probably not”. June 25, 3003. New York Times. Web.
Summer Work Programs and Internships Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents The benefits to the company
The benefits to the students
During summer and other vacations, students are expected to attend some internships and summer jobs preferable those that are in line with the courses they are studying in school. When in these vocational jobs, the students and the companies benefit from the short team contracts (Sides
Social Psychology Concepts Essay essay help online
Introduction In social psychology, scholars aim at analysing social situations as per the prevailing socio-cultural environments and influences. Everything which is said and done by people is deemed to have a meaning which may have either a literal or a qualitative interpretation.
This means that a single discourse like masculinity or femininity may be surrounded by several socio-cultural explanations or interpretations which may vary from one culture to the other.
In social psychology, the concepts of interpretative repertoire, subject position and ideological dilemma are used concurrently in sense making of a particular discourse. The concepts are more or less interrelated in that they may be applicable in a single discourse or account of a person about an event, or a reaction or a person(s) to a certain internal or external stimulus.
Discussion The concept of interpretative repertoire is used by social psychologists to refer to the coherent ways of explaining or talking about people, events and or practices in the real world. According to Margret, Stephanie and Simon, in the article titled “discourse analysis”, they describe interpretative repertoire as the “the building blocks of conversation’ (Wetherell, Taylor,
Connection between Child Maltreatment and Youth Violence Research Paper essay help: essay help
Abstract Background: The developmental relationships between child maltreatment, youth violence, and intimate partner violence (IPV) are well documented. However, very few studies document the relationship between child abuse/maltreatment and youth violence as separate entities. In the present study, the relationship between child maltreatment and youth violence is examined in the presence of other modifying socio-economic factors.
Method: Using a quasi-experimental design, the present study will examine the conduct/behavior of 14,000 participants drawn from different parts of the United States. Further, the researchers will collect data from three different waves of measurements using three various forms of questionnaires. Subsequently, the data will be analyzed using the STATA SE (Version 9) software application to evaluate the impact of different kinds of child violence on the development and perpetration of youth violence in later stages of lifespan development.
Results: Relative to non-victims, the results of the present study are expected to show a direct link between child maltreatment and youth violence in the presence of other modifying socio-economic factors. Furthermore, it is expected that the percentage probability that abused victims will perpetrate youth violence in the future is expected to be higher than that recorded in previous studies. Conversely, gender differences are also expected in the way males and females respond to different forms of child maltreatment in perpetrating youth violence in later stages of lifespan development.
Conclusion: From the study findings, it will be apparent that there is a direct link between child maltreatment and youth violence in the presence of other modifying socio-economic factors.
Qualitative Research: Rigour Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Definition of research rigour depends on the frame a particular research is based on. While undertaking case of critical research, researchers should maintain their focus on the objectives of the research being carried out. Rigorous research is excellent compared to other types of study; however, it is important to establish the motive behind each study.
Rigour is mostly constructed between a person carrying out research and another one reading it. In simple terms, it means that a rigorous research is one that suits the reader. In such cases, it is the readers who ascertain the criteria for classifying research works. This paper looks into different types of rigour, including theoretical, methodological, procedural, interpretative and evaluative rigours and explains how they can be achieved.
Theoretical rigour refers to congruence surrounded by epistemological and theoretical frameworks, and the methods used to conduct various researches. To achieve rigour, it is important that a researcher establishes a theoretical position in the management of a project. It is inappropriate to apply interpretative content to the objectivity or epistemology when conducting research.
To achieve harmony in research, various aspects of the study should harmonize with each other. To achieve the desired theoretical rigour, it is important that the theoretical framework, also referred to as the phenomenology, is drawn from a touch of symbolic interaction and hermeneutics perceptions of research. To achieve a good sense of rigour, the research should follow traditional chains of epistemology methods.
Methodological rigour is a combination of various methods. When several types of rigour are combined, a methodological triangulation is formed. Methodological rigour mostly depends on personal choice, which acts as a guide for scholars as they undertake research.
In order to achieve a method that best suits research conditions, a semi-structured method of viewing research methods should be employed. Methodological rigour utilizes explicit samples and employs an inclusion methodological approach to the sampling procedures. In qualitative research, sampling should be systematic, purposive and conclusive; it should be conducted in a manner that comprehensively covers all the research topics.
Interpretative rigour describes the reliability of research and represents interpreters’ comments concerning a particular study. This form of rigour is mostly associated with credibility. Interpretative research does not aim at making a credible account of the phenomena used; instead, it focuses on the interpretations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Triangulation is one way of creating interpretive rigour; it helps improve personal interpretation of the research. For researchers to ensure their research is reliable, they should analyze data and employ triangulation in their interpretations and conclusions. Interpretational rigour can also be attained using different sources to support all the interpretations that are made.
Triangulation of interpretations also improves interpretative rigour in research. Interpretative rigour compares information obtained from interview notes, journals and reflections, to that given by informants. Contradicting information is also important as it provides supplementary information to researcher and forms a basis for further research.
Evaluative rigour attempts to identify and name some of the challenges expected in research. Ethically challenging situations, in research, are some of the prime indicators of evaluative rigour. This implies that evaluation rigour can be attained through evaluation of the procedures, to be used to deal with individual challenges in a study. Evaluative rigour informs participants on the steps and strategies to be followed to come up with competent research procedures.
In conclusion, it is evident that all elements of research are intertwined. Similarly, all types of rigour are related to each another; when one of them fails, then the whole research process gets compromised. It is not easy to differentiate theoretical rigour from methodological rigour, since their elements are interconnected. Evaluative and interpretative rigours are technically related, in that they measure the efficiency of research.
Wal-Mart Learning and Growth Perspective Essay best essay help
Importance of learning and growth The balanced scorecard is a strategic planning and management system that is used by businesses, governments, and others organizations to align business activities to the vision and strategy of the organization, improve internal and external communications, and monitor organization performance against strategic goals. It can be discussed under the following;
Mission – A manager is expected to know how well their product is running, and whether the organization’s products and services meet the customers demand. The mission of any organization has to be designed by those who understand the process well and have ideas since a mission should be a unique one which cannot be easily copied by the outsiders.
For any organization to achieve its missions, it must align the organizational functions with its objectives by centering on the staff and their roles in attaining the company’s objectives (Gumbus
Statistics for the Behavioral cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Parental involvement in their children education Introduction
Researchers have carried out various researches regarding parental involvement in education of their children, with many reports implying that increased levels of parental participation in the child’s education can improve the student’s academic achievements.
Generally, children are mainly educated by their parents and teachers throughout their lives. Parents play a very important role in education, by partnering with teachers and students to enhance running of the education systems effectively. In order to assist the parents to become aware of the effectiveness of their partnering in education, teachers should involve dialogue with the parents early enough to discuss about the parents’ hopes and aspirations for their child.
Their understanding of the child needs and their suggestions about the ways that the teachers can help allow the teachers to be able to highlight their limitations and invite parents to participate in their child’s education in definite ways (Nieto, 1996). For the child to perform well academically, it requires substantial support from parents.
Parents involvement in education of a child takes several ways including “good parenting, provision of a secure and stable environment, intellectual stimulation, parent-child discussion, good models of constructive social and educational values and high aspiration relating to personal fulfillment and participation in the school events, work and governance” (Desforges
Art Gallery’s Weak Points and Merits Essay essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Lack of written explanations
Omission of artists’ names
Quality of works
Presentation of different cultures
Introduction An gallery refers to a collection of artistic works that have been compiled for various reasons. Most of the works that are contained in an art gallery is done by bare hands.
However, modern work galleries contain artistic works that are done through computerized and other mechanized techniques. This paper looks at one collection with an aim of appraising its strong points and criticizing its weak points.
Lack of written explanations There is a common saying that a single picture speaks a thousand words. This means that the message that is sent through a picture is valuable than many words. However, it is note worth that that understanding of people is not equal.
This is due to the differences that occur in the personalities. Some people will need a little words so as to understand the picture. The picture that are collected in the gallery have very little explanations which locks out a portion of people who could have benefited from the information that is contained in the picture(s).
More over, lack of explanations leaves the pictures with a lot of ambiguity. To explain this I state that different symbols and pictures are used differently at different contexts. The symbol of sun is used by some persons to denote life while other use it to denote sunrise.
Though both of the above mentioned usages are connected and interrelated, they mean a totally different thing. The collections leave the audience and prospect users wit open interpretations some of which may be misguiding.
Omission of artists’ names It is common for any artistic work to have the name of the artist written either at t5he footnote or at a visible position. However, the names of the artists in the gallery are not omitted for most of the pictures. This scenario brings about lack of recognition of the copyright of the artist towards his or her work.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Also, it is common to have various pieces of art quoted in scholarly articles. In quoting such an item, the person quoting it is required to mention the name of the artist so ads not to contravene the laws of copyright.
Where such is not available, the users can use the data contained without being mat by sustaining evidence against such law bending should it occur.
Presentation There are different ways of presenting the artistic work. In choosing the mode of presentation to use the owner or the person in possession of the artistic work is faced by various reasons. One is the availability of the storage and presentation media.
Also considered is the ability of retrieving sections of that data directly without having to pass through other unwanted works. Apart from this cost of that presentation mode is another factor of consideration.
The mode of data presentation that has been used to present data in the above gallery can be faulted. The method is comparable to adobe and PowerPoint presentations which are more flexible.
In the above two modes of presentation, the user of data contained in a gallery is obliged to scroll through unwanted materials if he or she has targeted a certain data.
Timeliness Judging from the themes that are presented by the pieces of works in the gallery, the works can withstand various time based changes. These changes can only have a new meaning on the pictures.
We will write a custom Essay on Art Gallery’s Weak Points and Merits specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Even though leaving of writings is condemned in other sections of this paper, they work towards the benefits of the gallery to beat the challenge of time. The feature of timeliness is further enhanced by the fact that the galley is available in soft copy. This implies that the information can be stored and used by later generations.
Quality of works One of the commendable things about the gallery is the quality of the pieces of art collected. The selection of colors that have been used in any of ten works and also the pictures that are presented in works are spectacular. This explains the experience and time consumed in coming up with such collections.
The other feature that stands out in the gallery is message presentation. Not withstanding the point that is raised in other sections of this paper, the massage that is presented by each picture can be explained by even an uninterested observer. This is with the exception of the group mentioned which needs words so as top understand the pictures.
Moreover, the arrangement of the pieces of art is well chosen. Most of the pictures that follow one another have relating themes. This brings about smooth flow and integration. Even though the last picture and the first picture present themes which are so different, the motion that is created from one picture to another makes it hard for the audience to realize.
Presentation of different cultures This is another area that gives credit to the gallery. In mist of other collections, most of the works can be directly linked to a certain tradition or even religion and in some instances both.
However, the pictures that are presented in this gallery are mostly multi cultured in nature. Even those which can be traced to a certain tradition they are not over reliant on the tradition but rather contain spots of other traditions.
Conclusion The gallery presents commendable works in general. The weak points that are mentioned in this paper are minimal compared to the merits that are accredited to the gallery. The gallery is that recommended for use by persons of many cultural backgrounds and by persons with different disciplines.
Recommendation It is recommended that the pieces of works that are presented in this gallery be accompanied by some wordings for explanations. This will work for the benefit of persons who have been mentioned in the paper as possessing low understanding capacity.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Art Gallery’s Weak Points and Merits by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Also, it is recommended that the gallery be presented in more retrieval flexible means. As mentioned in this paper, PowerPoint presentation as well as adobe storage is more flexible.
How might the Telecommunication Industry in Australia affect the Rollout of National Broadband Network in Australia in 2011? Essay best essay help
Introduction The telecommunication industry in Australia is experiencing a massive and rapid economic boom with various reports showing a great value of performance orientation by its respondents in the industry. The industry is mainly made up of businesses that provide telecommunication services to the public either by cable, wire or radio.
The major activities of the telecommunication industry in Australia include internet services, operation of radio relay stations, telephone services, operation of television relay stations, teleprinter and telex services, network communication services, cable and communication channel services, and satellite communication services.
The industry is fundamentally event driven with diminutive execution of planning in areas other than finance or marketing.
The lack of planning is evident in contemporary Future Orientation with the conveyed desire for future orientation, but the introduction of intensive competition has recently promoted more product planning and the general business planning in the market.
However, elements such as size, novelty, and politics of the present-day industry environment has contributed in depicting planning less effective than otherwise expected.
The interference by such factors in the telecommunication industry has protected the free-to-air TV networks, and at the same time contributed to Australia’s holdup in rolling out high-speed internet access through the National Broadband Network initiative.
The ever changing market and technology has brought in a real forecast in the capitalization and elevation of Future Orientation, and this brings in the likelihood of Australia following the paradigm of America and other European countries in developing strategic mechanisms of capturing the market’s vast potential.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The growth and immense potential in this industry saw the planned roll out of the National Broadband Network (NBN) project, which is meant to take advantage of the existing economic and social opportunities in the digital sector.
While delivering an affordable, high-speed broadband to every corner of the Australian society, the project is projected to drive the country’s economy for decades to come by migrating from copper to the fibre optic network
When the Australian government went ahead with the privatization of Telstra, which is the country’s largest telecommunications company, there were major concerns on the contradictory role of the government as regulator and owner of the telecommunication giant.
Major concerns also remain in Telstra’s potential capability of abusing its monopoly power to impediment regulatory outcomes through belligerent use of its litigation. Delaying in making a satisfactory public bid for access to its network and inflating the prices of its wholesale services such as fixed and mobile network are some of Telstra’s alleged abuses.
In order to level the competitive telecommunication field, the Australian government instructed Telstra to separate its retail and wholesale arms for the NBN project. Telstra vehemently opposed this idea and the draft legislation that would separate its structures within its telecommunication network.
Regulatory and judicial proceedings still mar Telstra with numerous disputes with its competitors over access to its network rights. Despite this, various stakeholders have since entered the scene with ardent interest.
The NBN initiative is projected to create a network that will handle an assortment of data that is increasingly complicated, therefore amalgamating the media and the information technology industries with telecommunications.
We will write a custom Essay on How might the Telecommunication Industry in Australia affect the Rollout of National Broadband Network in Australia in 2011? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Media The media and communications industries has undergone through changes in its general corporate organization with mounting competition between media segments on the maximum gain and use of content being produced (Stuart Cunningham, Graeme Turner 4).
This means taking advantage of the capability to present and modify the same content on numerous platforms of delivery and distribution. By restricting concentration of ownership in broadcasting sectors, the ownership and control of media is regulated across the media.
Foxtel which has a substantial majority in the pay-TV market is half-owned by Telstra and the roll-out of the NBN project is seen to have rules and regulations that limit the number of providers, while shielding the incumbents against entry by neglecting diversity In Australia, all free-to-air television Programmes have a strict domestic content requirements through the Australian Broadcasting Services Amendment Act that require 10 percent of programme budgeting on new Australian drama programs (Ron Kirk 27).
Although traditional media has occasionally been warned on the radical changes they face with the development in the digital media arena, they have basically been absent from the debate surrounding the NBN project.
However, the National Broadband Network will generate new changes and options that will see media players taking leadership roles in search of trans-sector opportunities the NBN has to offer. They can possibly copy their archaic models onto the NBN brand via the wholesale services of a telco since they have a strong brand with millions of users.
Although it is not defined, foreign nationals seeking proposals that relates to portfolio shareholdings into the media industry are subjected to a ‘national interest test’ since foreign investment in the mass media is limited (Chang and Thorson 16).
Media stakeholders should therefore gear up to with mechanisms that will help them profit from their audiences with the convergence of media and internet-based technologies through high-speed broadband even as they continue to enjoy protection from outside competition. (Butcher 127).
Despite this projection, most media companies are still looking and grounded on their core competencies rather than stirring towards media innovation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How might the Telecommunication Industry in Australia affect the Rollout of National Broadband Network in Australia in 2011? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Advantages of Public owned Telecommunications towards NBN Rollout.
The NBN initiative will produce and promote a prevalent network that is competent in handling both broadband and narrowband requirements with equal adept in managing interactive and broadcasting services.
One feature of this project is that it involves and embraces the elaboration of neo-liberal views and ideas of economic regulation.
In this view, public ownership of telecommunication infrastructure and services is seen as a central point for national pride and sovereignty with a common feeling of owning a piece of a vital national infrastructure (Fairbrother 52).
Public views and ideas would initially be ‘measured at heart’ for the NBN project and this would douse any thought of manipulation by ‘outside’ parties, and also bring public calm with general accountability to the project.
Public ownership would not cultivate into the current climate of crisis brought about by the free market that would dictate the wages and conditions of each and every Australian. Public ownership of the NBN roll-out would basically promote a unified and coherent platform for the whole initiative.
Disadvantages of Public owned Telecommunications towards NBN Roll-out.
Since there is never a conclusive concept from the general public, such ownership would only promulgate indecisions and slothfulness into the implementation and completion of the NBN initiative.
According to the 2010 report by the Business Council of Australia, ‘’ the public ownership of the NBN initiative would elevate investor uncertainty with various companies rescheduling or withholding investments, and would only impede new technologies from getting into the market with the country’s general output falling behind ( 4) ‘’.
Such a scenario would only create ambiguity over NBN’s future operations.
Advantages of Private owned Telecommunication Infrastructures towards NBN Rollout.
International communication through telecommunications is rapidly becoming the backbone of trade, productivity, and the general business activities which are the linchpins of a growing, healthy economy (Mody, Bauer and Straubhaar 53).
Privatization in the telecommunication industry is seen as a catalyst to development with a significant input. In this view, the streamlining of the telecommunications industry in Australia has made it impossible to find public-owned telecommunication carriers due to the concept of deregulation and privatization.
This model is highly important because it will redefine the NBN initiative into from the typical public good, to a more global-oriented project that is competitive both domestically and internationally with a customer-driven service.
The Telecommunications industry is quite complex in technology and operations, and the only way that consumers can be better served is if more providers are included in the field. Consumers will be offered more competing products, prices, and services in order to meet the ever more diverse demands.
Such private owned companies are also capable of responding quite better to consumer demands than the public-owned corporations that may not act imperatively (Cunningham 151).
Sometimes such projects do halt due to lack of funds that can be brought about by underestimation or even the changing tides in commodity prices, and the telecommunication companies which are private-owned can quickly accumulate for these funds.
This means that the NBN initiative will flourish under long-term macroeconomic relief, and also can carry on and meet deadlines rather than wait for the tedious process associated with the public owned companies.
Generally through private ownership, the NBN project will see a proficient financing and management with the inclusion of professionals who bring real sustainable efficiencies to the whole project.
Privatization is therefore the more efficient solution to the sorry nature of most state-owned of telecommunication infrastructures with its limit on resources and the changing technological know-how.
Disadvantages of Private owned Telecommunication Infrastructures towards NBN Roll-out.
Private ownership of telecommunication systems in Australia will only bring distrust to the fore since it’s a product of an intrinsic capitalistic motive, and will also spread the adage that any control of information leads to the control of both political and economic procedures and the NBN project has not fallen short of such perception.
Since telecommunications is an important industry that connects every sector of the Australian society, it might be used by a single entity or group of companies to create an oligarchy of economical information which can snatch power from the government.
Such a scenario would reduce the government to a mere puppet, while these private entities continue to violate their power in the NBN initiative and act in their own interest neglecting Australian’s welfare (Chhokar, Brodbeck and House 320-331). This will greatly hinder the roll-out of the NBN project since Australia is a society which has a fair history of distrust in private ownership of infrastructure.
Private ownership of the NBN roll-out would not put public interest into consideration and the individual private companies would only be interested in generating shareholder’s profits at customer’s expense.
Privatization would also encourage manipulation and cover-ups of various inconsistencies associated with the NBN initiative since such organizational setups detest public scrutiny.
Privatization will allow foreign competitors enter the telecommunication market indiscriminately and would endeavor to servicing only wealthy businesses and individuals who can afford their expensive services.
In this event, the NBN initiative would therefore leave its core policy of universal service unsettled. It’s hypothetical for privatization to take place without liberalization since such profit-driven enterprises do operate as a monopoly in its selfish achievements that can prove untenable for the government to contain(Leahy and Michael O’Brien 2-5).
Analysis Australia is tremendously relying on the NBN initiative to face out its obsolete copper telecommunications network. The pendulum of opinions surrounding the NBN roll-out is due to its importance for the country’s economy, future development, and international competitiveness.
The apparent stratification in the Australian telecommunication industry is quite higher than desirable and is derivative of the existing socio-political level of attitudes.
The rapid restructuring in the industry is significantly affecting collectivism and power expanses, especially with the differing view between those who do not have the slightest clue of the impending changes and those that are knowledgeable of what is to come with the changes.
Although there are calls for either private or public investment in the telecommunications industry, it’s unfortunate that the processes have represented a vicious circle of events that is detrimental to both the economic and political systems.
Conclusion The emerging picture from the NBN initiative and the general Australian telecommunications industry is the consistent socio-political values that underpin the economical importance of this project to the country at large.
If telecommunication laws are well designed implemented, it would reduce the general fear and uncertainty that accompany the dreary investment in the telecommunication sector. At the same time, Telstra and its competitors should learn in ways they can corporate and be diplomatic about their differences rather than the self-sacrificing we are now witnessing.
Even as the telecommunications industry undergoes through the intense process of change that seems endless, there is no doubt of the massive and infinite benefits that the NBN initiative will bring for generations to come.
Works Cited Butcher, John. Australia under Construction: Nation-building Past, Present and Future. Canberra: ANU E Press, 2008. Print.
Chang and Andrew, Thorson. A Legal Guide to Doing Business in Asia-Pacific. Chicago: American Bar Association, 2011. Print.
Chhokar, Brodbeck and Robert House. Culture and leadership, across the world: The GLOBE Book of In-Depth Studies of 25 Societies. New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.
Cunningham and Graeme Turner. The Media and Communications in Australia. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen
What is the Family? Definition Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction In the human perspective, a family is a group of persons connected by kinship, compassion, or sharing of residence. In a number of societies, the family is the basic unit for the socialization of children. A basic family unit is made up of a father, mother, and children, and is known as a nuclear family, however, this unit can be extended to include other relations to be known as an extended family.
The concept of the family has undergone a transformation and in today’s society, many people define the family structure as an arbitrary cultural set-up, a statement could be partially true. In ancient times, the family was a closely-knit, patriarchal clan consisting of a man, his wife or wives, and several children!
This has changed to include a monogamous parent taking care of the children. Besides, certain concepts of the family have broken with tradition within specific communities while some have been implanted through migration to thrive or else disappear in the new communities and societies.
Current debates and interest concerning the family have forced individuals to reassess themselves in a society driven by change and uncertainty. Because of its intricate nature, sociologists have not succeeded in coming with a universal definition of what family is and how is constructed. Rather, the definition is subject to individual interpretation and depends on the value a person attaches to being a member of a communal social group.
Objective The aim of the paper is to give a concise definition of family, and the context of family structures such as the traditional family; single parent family, blended family and cohabiting relationship families. The paper also examines the influences that have progressively shaped the concept of family from the past to the present day.
Critical Analysis A family is generally defined as a group of individuals who are linked by kinship or adoption, and who have a common residence. (Germov and Poole, 2011, 132). Kinship ties are connections or associations that link individuals through genealogy lines or marriage.
However, a few writers disagree with this concept. For instance, George Murdock, an American anthropologist, defines family as a social group that lives together, support each other economically, and raise children (Germov and Poole, 2011, 128).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the mid 20th century, sociologists defined family as a man living together with his wife and children, joined by blood, marriage or adoption. The couple had sex, procreated, and cared for the children jointly, besides bringing resources such as money and food together. The family members also guarded and supported each other.
Again, some writers have given a different perspective. Some asserted that previous definitions of the concept of the family should be altered as they are founded on ‘monolithic’ models that exhibit partiality towards a specific kind of family typified by gender discrimination and legal attachment, instead of gender fairness and patterns of care or emotional response.
Besides, modern reproductive methods have changed family associations and the definition of terms such as ‘mother’ and ‘father’ gas considerably changed. For instance, women past their menopausal age can now have children through surrogate mothers. Consequently, an increasing number of studies are focusing on what really defines a family. This perspective overlooks the gender inclination of the couple and the legitimacy of the relationship, and centers rather on the patterns of caring and affection.
The concept of the family has been conventionally related to the traditional family setup, which can be defined as a relationship in the children live with both the biological parents with the father often at work while the mother stays at home (Germov
Classics of Moral and Political Theory Essay essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Immanuel Kant’s Ideas: Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals
Introduction The foremost thrust of morality erudition over the precedent years has exposed a propensity to an astonishing extent, to shift towards a distinct path. The superseding intention of philosophy has been to convey the sphere of ethics under the control of the coherent self.
Founded on philosophers’ notion of the individual as a self-directed representative and a freethinking conventional viewpoint, philosophers assert that every individual exist single-handedly as the maker of his or her principles and rationale.
It naturally follows that every person is prima facie gratis to consider his or her own reasoning with any measure of worth or disvalue he or she perceives fit. Such a cogent ethics, which people may conceivably easily label self-teleology, is apprehensive mostly to the prescribed necessities of truth telling and promise keeping (Roger and Colleen 138).
In this moral system, the prime depressing responsibility towards others is to abstain from intruding to their freedom whereas the critical constructive responsibility is to respect deals that have been liberally settled.
In ethics, this advancement interprets the rapport among individuals in contractual expressions and in performance, centers on a harmful program of avoidance of immoral infringement by some people upon other’s sovereignty.
This essay examines ethical significance of truth telling or promise keeping by focusing on the ideas of three thinkers. It compares the bases of their reasoning and reviews their knowledge in an attempt to identify whether they can apply in the contemporary society. Truth telling and promise keeping is something intrinsic in an individual. It is also through socialization that people acquire knowledge needed in promise keeping and truth telling.
Immanuel Kant’s Ideas: Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant’s ideas are breaking point in the modern metaphysics. He was aiming at appreciating science, review the role of metaphysics as well to place morality within the precincts of science. He developed the theory referred to as moral theory, which over time has been influencing the western philosophers in their works.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The theory examines the difficulties of science, philosophy, ethics and religion in the contemporary world. Immanuel Kant suggested that moral laws and their important variations from each realistic cognition in an empirical subject rest entirely on its pure part. The laws give human beings a priori rule because they are rational beings.
The laws have the capacity of acquiring the power of judgment that is tailored by practices. Different people apply the laws differently as these laws are capable of influencing human behavior. He therefore suggested that metaphysics of morals are unavoidable by individuals because thrives of speculation pertaining to the origin of practical values are in charge of shaping our behaviors and not only motives but morals that are responsible for each kind of corruption.
What is perceived to be ethically correct conforms to moral law, but is never enough since it must be performed for the sake of ethical law. Orthodoxy is simply incredibly reliant and vague since the non-moral argument may perhaps now and then fabricate events that are inconsistent with the law. The ethical law in its transparency and authenticity can be sought nowhere except in a wholesome attitude.
Kant argues that there is an odd thing in the suggestion of the total worth of a simple will in which no report is taken of some valuable outcome. In the face of the entire accords acknowledged even from normal rationale, there must augment the notion that such thoughts may perhaps have its concealed root that is purely a number of pretentious beliefs and that individuals may have misinterpreted the rationale behind the principle of temperament in conveying to reason the prevalence of the will.
He further argues that in the ordinary establishment of structured being, no organ is to be initiated for some end except if it is the most fit and the best tailored for that end. The theorist established that the more an educated rationale dedicates itself to the endeavor of benefiting from life and contentment, the further do individuals move away from accurate gratification (Morgan 400). This is particularly so in the case of those who are the highly qualified in the utilization of rationale because after scheming for all rewards they draw from, they hitherto discover that they have in reality just obtained additional dilemmas to their skulls than they have added to cheerfulness.
Consequently, they appear to resent, rather than loathe the more general run of individuals who are nearer to the leadership of simple ordinary intuition and who do not permit their rationale much pressure on their conduct (Morgan 402). By this argument, Kant’s ideas suggest that truth telling is a duty, just like any other responsibility in life.
Mill: Utilitarianism This theorist starts by claiming that it is feasible for persons to turn out to be unresponsive to their own records and projections particularly when one had no ethical or human concern in societal things whereby persons only search for satisfaction of interest.
We will write a custom Essay on Classics of Moral and Political Theory specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is no basis for the environment of things such as a sum of rational traditions adequate to offer an intelligent curiosity in things such as consideration should not be intrinsic to anyone natured in an enlightened realm. However, there is less natural requisite that some human beings should be egotistical, devoid of each sentiment or concern but those which hub in depressed personality.
Legitimate clandestine friendliness and a truthful attention in the public excellence are achievable. In a globe that there is so much curiosity and enjoyment, everybody who has reasonable quantity of moral and intellectual rudiments is competent enough to co-exist. This may be described as imaginable. Unless such an individual through terrible laws or subjection to the will of others is deprived of the right to exercise the resource of happiness within his reaches, he will not survive (Morgan 1002).
Mill further argues that it is in a defective condition of the world’s provision that any person can superlatively serve the happiness of others by complete forfeit of his own. As long as the earth is in that defective position, the willingness to build such surrender is the uppermost asset that can be established in individuals.
Not everything except perception can elevate an individual beyond the likelihood of existence by making him believe and allow fate and fortune do their nastiest. They have no influence to control an individual who when once experienced, is liberated from intemperance of nervousness pertaining to the tribulations of life. The contentment that generates utilitarian customary of what is true in behavior is not the representative’s own cheerfulness but that of everyone apprehensive. As between his or her pleasure and that of others, utilitarianism calls for an individual to be as sternly objective as a neutral and compassionate outsider.
Friedrich Nietzsche The real origin of the notion good is sought and set in the mistaken position by the theory. Good does not originate from those whom integrity is given but rather from the superior such as the dignified, influential, senior level and high-minded people. Wrong is related to all bottom, short psyches, widespread and offensive.
Individuals first took for themselves the freedom to generate ideals, to invent names for standards and not at all mind anything for convenience. The perspective of efficacy is as overseas and unfortunate as likely particularly in connection to a so hot and an outburst of maximum level arrangement and grade distinctive worth verdicts. From this, the word good does not automatically connect itself to un-egoistic measures, as is the fallacy of those genealogists of ethics (Morgan 1147).
Conclusion From the three theorists, it can be concluded that the morality of telling the truth and keeping promises is not homogenous. The scholars do not uniformly underscore it. While Kant seem to be arguing that truth and promise-keeping is a duty that should be faithfully observed, Mill views it as s functional unit of the society.
Mill observes that people should learn to be telling truth and always keep promises if they are to be good citizens. Nietzsche on his part postulated that truth and keeping promises is not an easy thing in the society. He observes that the whole problem lies with people’s perceptions. The majority views it as being foreign and can only function well in places that were crafted.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Classics of Moral and Political Theory by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Morgan, Michael. Classics of Moral and Political Theory, 4 Ed. Indianaplis: Hacket Publishing Company, 2005.
Roger, Sider and Colleen Clements. Patients’ ethical obligation for their health, Journal of medical ethics, 10, 1984: 138-142
SWOT Analysis of Wal-Mart Stores Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction In strategic management and planning examination of the internal and external factors is very important. These factors are categories in the SWOT analysis, which involves the analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.
The strengths and the weaknesses are the internal factors while the opportunities and threats from the internal factors. Through SWOT analysis a strategy can be developed and used in the marketing of the firm (Bohm 2). It can also be used in avoiding any weaknesses thus enabling it benefit from any opportunities in the future regardless of expected threats.
According to Boham (2) SWOT analysis is responsible for the offering of vital information that enables evaluation of the capabilities and resources of a firm against competitive background it operates from. This is used in strategy formulation as well as enhancing competition in the market. The paper gives a SWOT analysis of Wal-Mart stores, one of the leading retail stores in the world.
Background Wal-Mart is the leading retail store in the United States of America. It has several stores in the North America region that it solely owns and operates. It has its headquarters in Bentonville; Arkansas becoming the largest company that privately employs people (Blair 262).
It has 8,500 stores in 15 different countries. It operates under fifty five different store names although in the USA it operates on its own. In Mexico it operates as Walmex, in India as best price, in UK as ASDA, under its name in Puerto Rico, and as Seiyu in Japan. In Brazil, Argentina, Canada, UK and Puerto Rico it fully owns the operations.
Outside North America the investments had mixed results (Blair 262). It pulled out from Germany when its operations were rendered unsuccessful while in china the operations have been successful. During the 2010 financial year the company recorded $258 billion that translates to total sales of 63.8%. The competitors of Wal-Mart stores are many in the respective countries where it has the different stores
SWOT Analysis According to Kneer (2) when the Wal-Mart stores was founded in 1962 by Sam Walton the core values of the company were “respect for individual, service to the customers and striving for excellence”. All these core values have the objective of satisfying customers and believing that customers are important to the company.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Over the years the company has been operation with profits even in times of economic crisis because of its belief in customer satisfaction. The following is the SWOT analysis of the Wal-Mart stores where each are broken down and discussed in detail. They comprise the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats which are the internal and external factors respectively.
Strengths These forms the resources of a company as well as capabilities applied in the market so as to develop the market competitive advantage. Wal-Mart stores phenomenal success has been as a result of the following strengths. It has dominated the American retail market (Kneer 2) because of its brand that is powerful.
The sale of huge merchandise in US and a “market share of more than 30% of health and beauty aids” demonstrate dominance of Wal-Mart (Pahl and Richter 21). It provides a variety of goods under one store making it convenient to many American families (Pahl and Richter 21).
The services offered by the company are worth the value of the money the consumers pay. The branding which is strong is based on a pricing strategy where prices are low with the aim of attracting and retaining a huge customer base. Kneer (2) observes that through the use of advanced technology the company is able to offer low prices because it has the strength to reduce operational cost.
Through the automated distribution links the chain store is able to control its expenses ensuring that low price offer is maintained. Deliveries in the Wal-Mart stores are faster because the technological system is interlinked thus ensuring time saving and efficiency (Kneer 2).The technological advancement and embracement has enable the company regulate the procurement and logistics department reducing any form of goods theft.
This is because the system can observe and monitor the movement of goods in and outside the stores. This has reduced the expenses of unnecessary losses. Over the years the company has over grown experiencing global expansion (Pahl and Richter 21). For example it has stores in the UK, Brazil, Argentina, and Puerto Rico as well as in china. Wal-Mart believes in human management and their development. This can be explained by the training it offers to its employees and having faith in them. This has boosted the performance of the employees making it a world class retail store.
Weaknesses These are viewed as the company’s problems that are internally manifested. Being the largest retail store in the world and in several countries it is faced with the weakness of controlling all the chains and branches. This is because technology has failures and cannot be 100% effective.
We will write a custom Research Paper on SWOT Analysis of Wal-Mart Stores specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The IT might not be always efficient and because its management is technologically driven and controlled, the slightest failure may cause problems in service provision. Wal-Mart sells variety of products under one roof making is likeable, but it may lack flexibility that some of the competitors operate using (Pahl and Richter 22).
Lack of focus can be seen as a weakness that is embraced by the Wal-Mart chain stores. Although Wal-Mart has stores in many countries it is not globally recognized. According to Kneer (3) competitors of the Wal-Mart may take the advantage of globalization and go internationally thus giving the company a global challenge. Its presence in few countries is the biggest weakness the company has.
Wal-Mart has the capacity of manufacturing goods, of which this can be seen as strength. However when the huge manufacturing investment hinders quick response to changes availed by environmental strategy can be seen as a weakness. This is because competitors can use this to their advantage affecting the Wal-Mart operations in the short run. Pahl and Richter (24) note that Wal-Mart dominance has negative effects in its operations.
For example, the supercenters that are to be opened will be closely located, this would allow internal completion that it impossible for some to gain enough balance costs. The issue of lowering prices to chase competitors saw a failure of 25% of the Wal-Mart stores in delivering the core values to its consumers (Pahl and Richter 22).
Opportunities These are the environmental external factors that a company may experience allowing them to grow as they make profits. According to Kneer (2) Wal-Mart has the opportunity of forming strategic alliances through merges with global retailers.
For example it can focus on the ready markets of Europe, India and china which have not been fully utilized (Pahl and Richter 22). Other than forming mergers or alliances there is possibility of opening stores in the emerging world economies like India and china which have large population hence large consumer base. These are opportunities that can see Wal-Mart expand its capital base as well as profits and growth.
This can exploit new markets through diversification by opening super centers, and malls. Opening of new stores gives Wal-Mart the opportunity to create employment thus reducing inflation because dependence ration is reduced. This changes the lives of many citizens who may not be necessarily Americans.
With the embrace of technology, Wal-Mart can take advantage of internet shopping that can reach a large populations clientele. Pahl and Richter (22) note that Wal-Mart has the potential of retaining its customers through low pricing. This creates customers loyalty which is important in development of a retail store like Wal-Mart.
Not sure if you can write a paper on SWOT Analysis of Wal-Mart Stores by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Threats These are caused by the unexpected or foreseen change in the external environmental factors which are threatening to the firms operations and productivity. Wal-Mart is the number one retail store meaning that it is seen as the target by competitors (Kneer, 2), who can be globally or locally.
Competition reduces the market share and any slightest mistake in customer satisfaction may be the start of a downfall. The retail store also faces the threat of price competition from other operators in the retail industry. This is because all the retail may decide to operate under a low price that the Wal-Mart’s and according to factors that determine demand price is one.
When the prices are low the demand increases and vice versa. The retail store faces the threat of being targeted by political enemies. This is being a globally recognized store political problems exposure are high (Pahl and Richter 24). The political woes and economic inflation and tax wars are huge threat to Wal-Mart.
This may affect the operations of the store hence failing in some countries. In low regions outsourcing is applied this reduces the cost of production. This according to Kneer (3) has led to price competition causing price deflation which is a threat to the operations of Wal-Mart.
It faces threat of innovation that other retailers may adopt before it does. Currently strategic planning and management are based on the idea of globalization and technological prowess. However Wal-Mart still operates under the old and outdated strategies that are not applicable in the 21st century.
This is a huge threat to the operations and future expansions of Wal-Mart. Pahl and Richter (24) note that Wal-Mart lack transitional strategy which makes it hard to adapt in locally based markets, have economies of scale, improve knowledge flow and locate its operations in locations that optimal. It faces the challenge of growing and establishing stores in foreign countries (Pahl and Richter 24). This was what led to fall of its stores in Germany.
Conclusion SWOT analysis deals with the external and internal environmental factors responsible for strategic planning. They also help in marketing and knowing the competiveness and capability of a company. The SWOT analysis of Wal-Mart stores is well explained in depth where different environment factors both internal and external have been examined. Although it has great and much strength the weaknesses and threats are also great.
Works Cited Böhm, Anja. The Swot Analysis. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH, 2009. Print
Blair, John D. Strategic Thinking and Entrepreneurial Action in the Health Care Industry. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI, 2007. Print.
Kneer, Christian. The Wal-Mart Success Story. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH, 2009. Print
Pahl, Nadine, and Anne Richter. Swot Analysis – Idea, Methodology and a Practical Approach. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH, 2009. Internet resource.
Technological Generations of Mobile Communications Essay online essay help: online essay help
Introduction The distinct life of the mobile communications has taken different phases. This can be traced from the 1G to the most rest 4G. G, 2G, 3G and 4G are a wireless phone or a cellular phone standard way of classification based on generations/ cellular phone evolution. This paper is a critical comparison of all these technological generations with an aim of tracking the trend that is followed in the developments.
Grandpa and Grandma 1G Grandpa and Grandma 1G was the very first generation of wireless technology that originated around 1980’s. The cellular phones of this time were big in size (handbag phones) and used a high power voltage. Communication in the first generation cellular phones was enhanced by use of analog radio waves/ signals; use of radio antennas (a radio transmitter on one end and receiver on the other end.
Analogue technology could only accommodate voice communication the passing of analogue signals. While this was the best technological developments at the time, it had a couple of limitations. The first generation wireless technology covered a relatively small area. Communication was only possible between parties of the same nation/within a nation’s boundary’s/ within the grounds of a particular nation (Fendelman).
This first generation wireless technology supports only one way communication at a time. For instance the intended recipient has to be calm till the sender finishes talking then he/she can begin answering incase he/she speaks before then, his/her message won’t be delivered.
All the above services are possible through a technology that interprets voice calls called circuit switching -Circuit switching is easily distorted by a simple physical noise thus destroying the quality of a conversation. All these limitations lead the players in the industry to look for more advanced technology which could fill the loopholes in communication (News from Rohde and Schwarz, 2002).
2G – The second generation of the wireless digital technology 1G was later thrown out/replaced by 2G that came with greater and better technological benefits like the additional data services. At this level people could send text messages on top of the voice communication they initially had.
The radio signals were digital and the conversations digitally encrypted unlike the initial analog. This therefore allowed the mobile phone services to be passed over a wider area (great service penetration levels).The wireless digital network use brings more voice clarity to the conversation being carried out.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This enhanced intercontinental communications, more privacy in communication as well as storage of communication. The messages sent through this technology could easily be referred to later.
The second generation phones are however, costly compared to the first generation wireless cellular phones. Unlike the first wireless technology where communications were only possible within a nation, 2G ventures into a wide area in terms of service coverage area due to the additional roaming facility.
3G – The third wireless telephone / cellular phone generation The second generation is however overthrown by this third cellular phone evolution which uses a wide band width. This big band width in turn came with a more clear voice communication that is almost perfect (very minimal distractions and cases of eavesdropping- a situation where the signals sent are lost to the surrounding environment).
Communication in this case is possible through a technology packet switching; a situation where data is addressed like the IP addressing then sent over and on reaching its destination, its again recollects in the order sent then decoded/ interconnected to have the conversation (News from Rohde and Schwarz, 2002)..
3G wireless services are widely spread and now almost in all parts of the world. 3G has an added advantage of the global roaming facility which allows communication across the world. One can send text messages, video conference, and chat, download 3dimentional games, and talk to any one and anywhere in this world without distractions like they are having real conversation (News from Rohde and Schwarz , 2002).
3G uses a higher band width also a wide band voice channel compared to the 1G and 2G generations which greatly attributes to high voice clarity and people can talk without any disturbance or with very minimal distractions.
There is an additional multimedia facility brought about by this third generation cellular phones like very fast communication (conversations and text messaging), video conferencing (hold video meetings with people in different locations), internet (surfing/browsing/online chatting), mobile television (watch television’s favorite programs on phone), video calls (like Skye), multi media messaging service (MMS) (sharing of photos and music), etc are now available on 3G phones (Arshad, Farooq, Shah, 2010)
We will write a custom Essay on Technological Generations of Mobile Communications specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The 3G phones are costly compared to the first and second wireless cellular phone generation. Currently 3G is widely in use. Almost everyone is moving or has moved to 3G technology for its interesting features and high speed wireless service.
Despite the numerous advantages to using this kind of phone and very interesting features, 3G wireless telephones however have short battery life compared to the second and first generation phones. Thus the use of this technology is dependent on the proximity to power supply. In remote areas thus, persons are forced to use less advanced technologies to avoid frustrations.
However, some wireless technology users use both technologies concurrently (Arshad, Farooq, Shah, 2010). 3G technology is usually common for users who depend on the wireless communication in internetworking. Most of the service providers carry out promotional advertisements encouraging users to use the technology based on its speed and coverage.
4G – The fourth generation wireless telephones / cellular phone service also known as a complete 3G replacement. 4G operates more like 3G much as it is a step up from 3G. It appears to operate in a hopeful state, like providing its clients with very speedy wireless services. Being the new born baby this fourth generation wireless technology is availed in limited places/areas.
It’s not widely spread and only in use in very few regions like Japan. 4G is anticipated and designed to deliver very high speed internet and generally high wireless services. Also a high network capacity-allowing more people to operate/ access its resources simultaneously (Fendelman,).
They too have the multimedia added feature but with very clear voice and video output compared to the initial generations just like the normal television. The fourth generation cellular phones are damn expensive (high cost) compared to the previous generations. The costs mentioned here are the installation costs. However, the technological requires less maintenance costs.
Similarities All the above mentioned technologies are wireless technologies. They all are able to pass/enhance analog communication. They all can pass voice communications. The first and Second generation covers a relatively small area in terms of geographical boundaries. Each of the technological development has come with increased area coverage than the preceding development.
Both the first and Second generation use a narrow band width, while the third and fourth generation uses wide band width. Both 1G and 2G deal/ are good in voice calls and in the process need to utilize the maximum bandwidth provided (Ashiho, 2003)
Not sure if you can write a paper on Technological Generations of Mobile Communications by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The technological development in the wireless communication has grown from one phase to another. As each phase is introduced, it leads to changes in other industries that depend on this technology for communication and other purposes. It is paramount to note that each of the above technologies has its own specifications.
Thus, there is always a need for any firm to have a technician who shall introduce the members of the institutions on how to operate the different technological developments. The ability of a firm to use the most modern technology is for its advantage as this leads to less maintenance costs. The only additional costs in the generational growth are the initial installation costs (Ashiho, 2003).
The developments that have been discussed in this paper have been enhanced by various firms and individuals. The need for the improvements has always rendered the players in the wireless communication busy with efforts of improving each of the development.
While the current technology is viewed by many as perfect, it is expected that a need will arise for the provision of services that it does not offer. Thus, it is arguable to conclude that the development in the wireless communication cannot be optimum.
References Arshad, j., Farooq, A., Shah, A., (2010) Evolution and Development Towards 4th Generation (4G) Mobile Communication Systems. Web.
Ashiho, L. S. (2003). Mobile Technology: Evolution from 1G to 4G. Web.
Fendelman, A. (n.d). Cell Phone Glossary: What is 1G vs. 2G vs. 2.5G vs. 3G vs. 4G? Web.
News from Rohde and Schwarz (2002). Measuring the Acoustic Characteristics of 3G Mobile Phones. Web.
Peter, K. (n.d). Analysis and Comparison of 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G Telecom Services. Web.
The Great Wall of China Descriptive Essay custom essay help
Introduction The Great Wall of China is a long continuous wall which was erected with the sole intention of securing the Chinese border in the northern border against intruders (Man 103). The Great Wall consists of several walls which were built over a lengthy period of time.
The construction is claimed to have began during the dynasty of Emperor Qin Shi Huangi who ruled the country in the early 200 BC to the 16th century during the Ming dynasty.
The essay will take the form of an informative speech whose intention is to further shed light on who built the Great Wall of China, when it was built, the reason behind building it and how wide and long the wall is as well as how it has been built.
The Chinese were among the first countries to experience civilization in the world. During the civilization period, they acquired the art of building houses and other structures and this helped greatly during the construction of the Great Wall.
As early as 8th century BC, various states such as Wei, Qin, Yan, Qi, and Zhao constructed extensive walls in an attempt to defend their territorial borders from their warring neighbors (Yamashita and Lindesay 53).
However, all these efforts were better noticed during the reign of the Qin dynasty that after conquering the states which had been opposing him, he embarked on the building of the great wall so as to connect and enclose all the states that now belonged to him and protect them from external intruders.
During the Ming Dynasty, after the Oirats had defeated the Ming army in 1449 (in what was famously referred to as the Battle of Tumu), the Great Wall idea was revived.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Great Wall proved quite useful to the Ming Dynasty, especially towards the end of its reign because it ensured that the empire remained protected against possible invasion by the Manchu (this was around 1600).
At this time, the wall had a total length of 5,000 kilometers, starting at the Gansu Province in Linyao all the way to the Liaoning Province (Man 105). As we talk today, the great wall is estimated to stretch 4,163 miles (about 6,700 kilometers).
It starts in the Gansu Province at the Jiayuguan Pass and stretches all the way to the Hebei Province in the Shanhaiguan Pass. The wall runs through the large plains in the northern border of the country. Although people have come up with several discussions as to how the wall came to be, it is widely believed that it was the efforts emperor Qin that the wall was extensively built.
The construction formation of the Great Wall also differed at different historical periods. For example during the Qin dynasty the pass gates were not constructed using stone and the wall lacked any fortresses.
However, during the construction of the Han Greta Waal that passes through the Gobi Region, the main fortification was moats (Roland and Jan 67). A beacon tower was also constructed at intervals of 1.25 kilometers along these moats. The beacon towers were used during the time of war.
When one column was lit, this was a sign that the advancing troops were less than 500.When two columns were lit, it meant that the advancing troops were less than 3,000. By using the columns of smoke, the defenders were always aware on the magnitude of what to expect.
Laborers who took part in the construction of the wall included the common people, soldiers, and criminals (Waldron 18). Different construction materials found use during the constructions process of the wall, over the centuries. Compacted earth was used in the construction of the original Great Wall.
We will write a custom Essay on The Great Wall of China specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Local stones were then used to surround the compacted earth. In a bid to ensure that the construction costs of the wall remained down, there was extensive use of local construction materials. In the later years, bricks were used to construct the Ming wall.
Where the Great Wall passed through the Rocky Mountains, builders made use of the stones found on these mountains. However, they were forced to use rammed earth in the planes, while juniper tamarisk and sanded reeds found use in the desert.
Scientists have now revealed that the remaining section of the Great Wall in the Gansu Province, consist of several layers of rammed earth (Waldron 18).
Between 202 BC and 220AD, during the Han Dynasty period, the most popular construction materials were crude stones and earth while between 1368 and 1644, during the Ming Dynasty, bricks had substituted stone and earth as the construction material of choice, thanks to their light weight and size; it was easier to make and carry them.
From statistical records, it is estimated that some 500,000 common people and 300,000 soldiers took part in the construction process of the initial Great Wall during the reign of Emperor Qin. Over 1,000 individuals are believed to have lost their lives in the process of constructing the Great Wall during the Din Dynasty.
The construction of another section of the great wall under the Northern Qi Dynasty took place in 555 A. D., and the entire section consisted of 450-kilometre. It started from Nankou, all the way to Shanxi, passing through Datong and Beijing.
During this time, the labor force is estimated to have been approximately 1.8 million people (Roland and Jan 71). The construction and living conditions were also extremely poor during this time and as a result, high number of workers lost their lives.
Works Cited Man, John. The Great Wall. London: Bantam Press, 2008. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Great Wall of China by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Roland, Michaud and Jan, Michel. The Great Wall of China. New York: Abbeville Press, 2001. Print.
Waldron, Arthur. The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Print.
Yamashita, Michael and Lindesay, William. The Great Wall – From Beginning to End.
New York: Sterling, 2007. Print.
Critical Issues in Philippine Relations Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The 1896 to 1898 revolutions in the Philippines
Filipinos’ fight for independence
Introduction Negretos, Filipinos, who settled in Philippines approximately thirty thousand years ago, are the contemporary inhabitants of the land. Portuguese explorer, Ferdinand Magellan, led the first Europeans who were in Spanish expedition to visit the Philippines in 1951(Bellwood 91).
Their visit to the Philippines opened the door for more Europeans, mainly Spanish, to go to there. The Spanish were the first Europeans to settle in the Philippines. However, the colonization of the Filipinos by the Spanish did not start until1564 when an expedition led by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi arrived at the Philippines.
It was the settlement and colonization of the Spanish in the land of the Filipinos that led them to interact with other nations on different basis until the Filipinos attained their independence on 5 July 1945.
While awaiting trial for treason, Jose P. Laurel said, “All of us were collaborationists, none of us were traitors” (Ileto
Applying Problem Solving Research Paper cheap essay help
Introduction Students get to solve various problems in class, which range from Mathematics to social issues. These problems help students to develop and apply problem solving techniques, which are essential in promoting their critical analysis of their environment along with its complexities.
Problem solving abilities are therefore very important in developing intellectuals for enrichment of the society. It transforms student learning techniques into participative rather than passive recipients when it comes to creation of understanding.
Students develop capacity to Apply problem solving skills whenever faced with unexpected occurrences or situations in a timely manner. Real world problems are usually different from class problems, this call on students to recollect and transform their problem solving skills into solution for real world problems.
This paper will explore two real world problems and provide persuasive as well as scientific thinking solutions to them (Harris, 2002, p. 1).
Problem solving techniques are those skills used to solve life problems. They refer to an individual’s ability to reason both inductively and deductively, as well as be able to apply logic which can help that individual to infer problems, analyze and think critically.
These problems may require solutions arising from different elements such as persuasive thinking as well as scientific thinking, among others. Most problem solving processes involve the following stages; problem identification, analysis, generation of potential solutions, testing of solutions and evaluating the outcome.
In order to ensure that these methods are well applied, one needs to critically analyze the problem encountered. The following is an illustration of problems and their solutions (Harris, 2002, p. 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Problem 1 Real world problems are numerous and people face them each day as they require instant solutions. In this part, we shall study a problem whose solution is based on persuasive thinking. For instance, environmental pollution has been an issue that demands solution.
Every green movement tries to make known to us the need for saving our environmental. This is a problem we encounter in every part of the world, with people disposing wastes anyhow. It is believed that human activities contribute more environmental pollution than other causes such as animal and plant wastes, among others.
These agents of pollution are many, ranging from fossil fuels that release greenhouse gases, which have been faulted for the depletion of the ozone layer.
Other agents include pollution of lake and rivers, deforestation, and charcoal burning, among others. It is also estimated by the Natural Resources defense council that global warming is set to increase by over 1o Celsius even before the completion of 21st century.
This problem poses threat to our lives and the lives of our children. It therefor requires solution and an immediate one to help reduce its risks (Harris, 2002, p. 1).
Solution: Persuasive Thinking
In the situation above, the world is faced by an imminent disaster in global warming, because of increased environmental pollution. For persuasive thinking, one aspect that has to be defined is the problem, its causes, possible solutions, advantages and disadvantages as well as the choice or path taken.
The problem in this case is pollution of the environment; environment is continually getting worse with great effects already felt all over the world. The effects include unpredictable weather, Global warming, shortened life expectancy, famine, drought and increased spread of diseases, among others.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Applying Problem Solving specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Its advantages include, making work easier for man in terms of transport, Machinery, and many more. When these effects are compared, we find that, the disadvantages are numerous and adverse to the survival of life, which includes the human race on earth. In essence, it has to be mitigated.
The next step is finding possible solutions, which include stopping the release of greenhouse gases, afforestation and conservation of our environment. Since human activities cannot stop as their lives also depend on it, the other possible solutions include investing on alternative energy sources.
Therefore solution to this problem out of persuasive thinking would be to conserve our environment. It starts with us and without action our survival is threatened (Poole, 2006, p. 1).
Problem 2 This part will study a problem whose solution is based on scientific thinking. For instance, a young couple that do not want children and yet they also never want to use protection.
Their reason for not wanting children is that they are still young and unstable financially to support one, however, in the future when they are stable they’ll need. So the problem is preventing unwanted pregnancy in a couple, and they require a scientific thinking to solve it (Harris, 2002, p. 1).
Solution: Scientific Thinking
In the problem above, the issues are identified as ways of preventing unwanted pregnancies within a marriage setting. The first step involves understanding the problem and then gathering information and research on the same. For instance, a research from, women on waves, provides several researched solution to this problem.
These include, Total abstinence (100% protection), which is impossible for married couple, and use of contraceptives. The latter option is contraceptives, in which there are several methods with different rates of protection.
These include use of diaphragm-80% (type and estimated percentage effectiveness), Emergency contraceptives-75%, surgical sterilization-99%, Intrauterine device-99%, implant-99%, injection-99%, oral contraceptives-95%, female condom-79% and male condom-86%.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Applying Problem Solving by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These are methods that have been researched and proved medically, using scientific techniques. Since they need a child in the future, sterilization is out of question, they can then use oral contraceptives, implant or injection. And since oral contraceptives have been proved to have some side effects, then implant would be wise for the couple (Women on Waves, 2011, p. 1).
Summary Problem solving techniques or skills are very essential in aiding individuals to provide quick solutions to their everyday needs. These need critical thinking, inference and analysis which can only be mastered by intellectuals and critical think-tanks, Persuasive thinking involves the use of critical thinking to bring out logic on a problem.
The logic inferred should be used to persuade others to follow that idea. It also involves persistence, and this convinces people that you have faith and knowledge of the idea. Individuals pursuing persuasive thinking must provide the advantages and disadvantages of their solutions before deciding on it.
It is also imperative for that individual to provide concise and conclusive evidences on the advantages as well as the disadvantages of the chosen idea (Poole, 2006, p. 1).
In scientific thinking, we must have a thorough knowledge of the problem, study it, gather information related to it, analyze, explore possible solutions, and use credible sources along with researched ideas to decide on the best solution.
Since the couple do not want to use condoms, and they also require children in the future, implant would be their best option as it will be removed when they are ready (Women on Waves, 2011, p. 1).
Conclusion Every problem needs a solution, people face different problems in the world, and in most cases this requires transformation of learned skills into applicable problem solving skills. Most employers are after graduates who can solve real problems as fast as possible, and this can only happen with critical thinkers.
The two methods of problem solving are different although persuasive thinking may sometimes borrow ideas from scientific thinking to prove ideas (Harris, 2002, p. 1).
Reference List Harris, R. (2002). Problem Solving techniques. Virtual Salt. Retrieved from: https://www.virtualsalt.com/crebook4.htm