Relation Between International Trade And World Output Essay College Essay Help Near Me

Table of Contents Abstract

Introduction

Pattern of International Trade

Aspects of international trade

Conclusion

References

Abstract This paper seeks to explore the relationship between international trade and the general world output by discussing the pattern of international trade over the years as it has grown since the World War II. This is because most of the trade done today is between different countries some of which are not in the same continents or trading blocks that will be explored further in this paper.

This phenomenon is not only evidenced in the developed countries, but also in the developing countries, a concept that was earlier unimaginable, hence the great interest in the topic. This has been mainly attributed to the growing spirit of globalization and the advancement of different technologies which have made communication and especially transport not only fast, but also cheap hence turning the world into a global village.

Introduction Trade is basically the exchange of goods and services between different parties, and in this case between different countries. International trade does not only involve the exchange of goods and services across international borders, but it has also evolved to include capital exchange and even exchange of vital ideas.

When these different countries increase their output, international trade also increases since there are more products to be exchanged in trade. Due to the diverse trading cultures, developing and also established economies came together and introduced a global organization that would harmonize the differences among these countries (Vaidya, 2006).

WTO would from then on monitor all international trading and settle any disputes that may arise. They would also monitor tariffs and ensure there is no discrimination towards any member country.

WTO being a permanent body has far much power in establishing law and order in order to avoid any oppression, and can hence establish a long lasting solution to many of the misunderstandings that often arise in commerce.

It has over 146 members making it a global organization that can exercise its power which would in most cases have an impact to the global economy. WTO also controls subsidies and quotas of different items that were initially not under any regulations. It has led to much more efficient banking freedom and confidence among member countries (Gallagher, 2005).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Pattern of International Trade International trade has directly and indirectly affected the world output significantly. It has been noted that countries that rarely practice international trade remain poor and show very little or no growth at all.

The countries that have reduced trade barriers and increased in international trading have shown greater and faster growth compared to those with trade barriers and with no trading relations with the outside world (Zhang, 2008).

Exports have been one of the greatest boosts to individual country’s GDPs and imports has led to introduction of new technology and new inventions, which has resulted to improved living standards, faster trading, good relations, and peace between partner countries, with many other indirect benefits.

According to a study by World Bank, about twenty four developing countries that got involved in international trade in the world economy between 1980-1990 became more advanced in terms of better Medicare, schooling, increased GDP, longer life expectancy, low mortality rate in both children and the elderly and even per capita income of these countries greatly increased.

The study showed that the per capita income increased at an average rate of about 5% in these countries, while it grew at only 2% in developed countries. Countries like China, which is currently a global giant in terms of commerce and international trade, Hungary and India, were among the few countries that took advantage of the global market and this resulted to a sharp increase in their various GDP, which is still among the best, but lately strained by the Global economic meltdown.

Over the last two decades or so the growth of world trade has averaged about 6% per annum, which is as fast as the word output. The economic output is affected by various factors such as exchange rates, purchasing power parity, including human economic activity, among several others. International trade greatly increases the world output as it encourages completion to some level. It also motivates production of high standard goods with exceptional quality thus favoring the world output in monetary terms.

With a higher economic output, one can be sure to find countries expanding there trading with other countries since they have attained a higher bargaining power since they have a lot more to offer. Increased world economic output also brings about a near balance of trade that is almost similar to barter trade system, where one would offer an item for an item of the same value.

We will write a custom Essay on Relation between International Trade and World Output specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More With this kind of trade, developing countries that produce valuable unfinished goods can actually trade these goods for other manufactured goods with added value instead of having to be expecting grants and relief from the developed countries.

Similar elements affect both international trade, and world output. This may include geographical segmentation of manufacturing processes similar nations trading in related goods, emergence of super trading economies such as the USA and China and producers that slice up the value chain.

Due to the current economic crunch, demand for imports has increased whereas the exports have decreased which was a phenomenon only evidenced during the World War II and the years thereafter. This has shown a significant drop in the world output, leading to lower GDPs. A lower GDP, especially for developed countries which have for a long time enjoyed a steady economic stability, means accumulating debts which will end up reducing international trade.

Aspects of international trade As explained in the Ricardo and Heckscher-Ohlin theories, international trade is like new technology, which continuously adds up to the productive capacity of trading countries and the realized efficiency is mainly due to comparative advantage and proper utilization of increasing returns.

Trade in essence, greatly promotes dynamism and innovation as has been seen in the USA, Japan and China, to be especially due to competition. In return, thiscatapults world output to a whole different level. This proves that international trade and world output are actually interdependent (Wild, Wild and Han, 2003).

Increased trading and increased world output results in standardization of many elements such as tariffs, quotas and reduced trading barriers, which results in the theory of purchasing power parity. This is a theory of exchange rate adjustments in accordance to the law of one price.

It involves harmonizing prices between trading countries by using the normal exchange rate of currencies around the world. The failure of purchasing power parity across borders may involve additional expenses that arise along the trade, like transportation cost, duties on imports, spoilage for the case of agricultural and other perishable goods, among many others.

According to Ocampo and Martín, (2003), countries specialize in production of goods they are best at. This ensures a country exploits its ability to produce as much as it can of the commodity it produces best. This eliminates wastage of resources on non-viable production of commodities that such a country is not best suited to produce.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Relation between International Trade and World Output by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This model takes into consideration the technological differences between countries, especially between the developed and the developing countries. This model thus allows specialization and in a way leads to interdependence. It also leads to maximum output for individual countries and specialization leads to increased trade.

Without international trade, the consumption of countries would only be limited to their production capacities. Trade allows for specialization as countries can consume products which they don’t produce, with the effective exchange with that which it produces in abundance (Zhang, 2008). For instance Japan doesn’t produce grapes, but it is able to consume a lot of grapes which are imported from other countries, which in turn consume the electronics and vehicles that Japan has specialized in producing.

Conclusion Therefore, it is imperative that international trade exists since lack of it will force countries to be contented with their own products that they produce with their available resources, which locks them out of the resources that they may not have (Zhang, 2008). It will also lead to the degeneration or slowdown of the advancements made in the communication and transport sectors as well as the exchange of information and knowledge whose consequences will be the detriment of global and local economies.

References Gallagher, P. (2005). The first ten years of the WTO: 1995-2005. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Ocampo, J., A. and Martín, J. (2003). Globalization and development: a Latin American and Caribbean perspective. New York: World Bank Publications.

Vaidya, K. (2006). Globalization: encyclopedia of trade, labor, and politics, Volume 1. New York: ABC-CLIO

Wild, J., J. Wild, K., L. and Han, J., C. (2003). International business. New York: Prentice Hall.

Zhang, W. (2008). International Trade Theory: Capital, Knowledge, Economic Structure, Money, and Prices over Time. New York: Springer.

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Para-social Interaction Theory Research Paper college admission essay help

Literature Review The term was first coined by Donald Horton and Richard Wohl in their paper, “Mass Communication and Para-social Interaction: Observations on Intimacy at a distance,” which was published in the Psychological journal.

The theory occupies an exceedingly large space in the contemporary 21st century communication, especially in television and filming industry. In Para-social interaction communication channel, one party perceives to know the other more. It is a one-sided friendship or relationship based on mere illusions via a communication media and not one-to-one social interaction.

In Para-social interaction, the mediator communicates with the audience as though he or she was directly addressing it. On the other hand, the viewers slowly develop a sense of knowing and attachment that grows into an intimate relationship. However, psychological researches suggest that when the presenter meets the needs of the audience, Para-social relationships tends to last for a longer period.

Studies suggest that an intimate bond is created in which viewers develop a feeling that they factually know the actor. According to Horton

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Affecting of Curfews on Teens Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Curfews should be instilled to teens

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Over the years, debates concerning instillation of curfews have taken a central part especially when discussing matters that are critical to teens. Curfews are defined as the regulations that are set requiring certain individuals to leave or be at a certain place at the stipulated time.

Some parents seem to favors curfews while others strongly discredit instillation of curfews to teens. Teen is usually considered to be the between thirteen and nineteen years of age. In my views, curfews should be the most appropriate mode of enhancing discipline to the children who are in this age bracket (Kenneth 138).

Curfews should be instilled to teens Teens with curfews are responsible. Curfews usually teach teen’s responsibility as well as obedience. It is paramount that those who argue against curfew should understand that curfews are not meant to punish the children at that age. It is a way of demonstrating to parents that their children can be trusted as well as whether they understand how to obey the rules that are set at home.

This is the initial steps whereby teens are prepared for future responsibilities. Curfews also instills in them good morals which would enable them to live and relate well with other people as well as respect the laws of the society. Therefore, it allows them to avoid problems of breaking laws in future (Walsh 77).

Teens with curfews are protected from obnoxious circumstances. It is surprising that many parents have never understood the value of curfews in protecting the children who are at their teen age. In fact, curfews can be perceived to be a safety net which can be put in place to protect the children at that tender age.

Many scholars argue that teens should not be allowed much freedom since at their age; children are prone to experimentation of different kinds. Teens are at the age which is between childhood and maturity stage and it is at this stage that they often make wrong choices such as going to risky places at night, choosing wrong company and engaging in irresponsible behaviors which put their welfare at risk (Youth Justice Board 461).

There have been increasing reported teens’ rape cases all over the world. They also put themselves in other horrid circumstances such as exposing themselves to harsh weather conditions which put their health at risk as well as encountering road hazards. When teens go out at go out late at night, parent’s anxiety increases. This is something that can be avoided if curfews are put in place.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Teens with curfews get enough sleep which is a very important aspect at their age. Therefore, curfews are critical and should be reinforced to school going children. Often, enough sleep improves their concentration at school.

This opposed to those teens who are allowed to stay out late at night especially spending much time attending parties. Scholars argue that children who get enough sleep often perform better at school compared to those who sleep for few hours. Many teens often confuse curfews with restriction to their freedom but in the long-run, they thank their parent after discovering the benefit of curfews (Walsh 76).

There have been some opposing views that curfews makes teens resentful as well as rebel against the authority. It could be true to some extent; however, this is subject to the steps followed when setting up curfews. If the teens are involved in the setting up of curfews, chances of being resentful are avoided and the children do not rebel.

It is the duty of parents to involve teens in setting up those rules as well as communicate clearly to them the importance of setting the curfews. This is the only way which would ensure that the two parties are in consensus. The major reason for teens being rebellious is attributed to failure of parents to execute consistent consequences when rules are broken by the teens. It is therefore paramount to give consistent punishment whenever rules are broken to avoid resentfulness and rebelliousness in future.

Finally, teens with curfews get less trouble in the communities and even at schools. It is worth noting that many municipalities often formulate laws that prohibit children below the age of eighteen years to stay away from home at night, failure to which a warrant of arrest is given. They also avoid circumstances that would lead them to drug abuse which would ruin their lives (Walsh 74).

Conclusion Curfews should not be seen as just house hold rules, instead, they should be perceived to be a means of teaching teenagers how to be responsible as well as obedience. It is apparent that curfews teach children how to respect laws, something they do even when they are past that age.

It is the duty of parents to protect teens from distasteful circumstances. This can only be achieved through instillation of curfews. In most cases, children who are allowed much freedom ends up being on the wrong side of the law and some get arrested. It has been established that teens with curfews stay out of trouble and they avoid circumstances that would lead them to selection of bad company, which would lead them to crime.

We will write a custom Essay on Affecting of Curfews on Teens specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Kenneth, Adams. “The Effectiveness of Juvenile Curfews at Crime Prevention”. The Annals of the American Academy of Political

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Discussion of Chapter 3 college essay help near me

Please Return the assignment back in this same format. Example:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Short and Sweet answers please, so it can fit in the on the same page. Sorry if the TextBook pages are out of order. This was the only way for me o send it.

1. McGhee writes, “student debt is most acute among Black families, but it has now reached 63% of white public college graduates as well and is having ripple effects across our entire economy” (43). How does racism impact funding for education, and how does this hurt everybody?

2. McGhee states, “By 2016, eighteen states were spending more on jails and prisons than they were on colleges and universities” (45). How does racism lead to a system of mass incarceration and how does this hurt everybody? For more information about systemic racism, you can watch this PBS Newshour Special called Race Matters America After George Floyd.

3. McGhee explains “We pay more individually and as a nation for healthcare and have worse health outcomes than our industrialized peers, all of whom have some version of publicly financed universal coverage” (48). According to McGhee, how is racism responsible for our inadequate healthcare system?

4. What alternative to zero-sum driven policy does McGhee offer at the end of the chapter?

5. Choose one of these three topics to relate to your experience or your observations of family or friends.

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Literary Critique on the story “Aura” by Annecy Baez Critical Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Abstract

Book summary

Background information on Annecy Baez

Works Cited

Abstract Annecy Baez grew up in the Bronx. She had a loving, supportive, and stable family. Her experiences in this part of town were major components of the short story “Aura”. In the piece, the narrator talks about a family history of cancer; this is true in her real life. She lost her mother and aunt to cancer and is currently supporting her niece in her fight against blood cancer. In the story, Mia talks about a Latin neighborhood, which was also derived from her real-life experience.

The piece’s sexual overtones and theme of sexual abuse originated from her life as a social worker and therapist. Lastly, this literary piece was indicative of twenty-first century trends in minority literature owing to its focus on mythology, the author’s Spanish heritage, and interactions of Spanish and American culture. Her Latino contemporaries currently write about these topics as well.

Book summary “Aura” is one of the fourteen narratives found in Annecy Baez’s “My Daughter’s eyes and other short stories”. It is a story about four Dominican immigrant girls who live in close proximity to one another. It delves into the family history of the narrator, whose extended family member – Aura – is the focus of the narrative.

Mia (the narrator) talks about their spiritual experiences with Aura, who was a psychic. Some of the themes that have been highlighted in this narrative include: child sexual abuse, teenage self-discovery, spirituality and occult healing. The story ends when Mia and her family have to move back to the Dominican Republic because her dad has secured a job there (Baez, “My Daughter’s eyes and other short stories” 80). She finds it hard to separate from someone she had grown so close to; that is, Aura.

Background information on Annecy Baez In order to understand the narrative “Aura” fully, it is crucial to do a biographical analysis of the author’s life. This stems from the fact that writers draw inspiration from the experiences that surround them. The authors’ intention can be properly understood through her settings.

This biographical critic will prevent any misreading that can arise out of the universality or the temporal nature of the literary piece. Annecy Baez was born in the Dominican Republic, but immigrated to the US when she was a little child. She was raised in the Bronx, where she learnt to love books at an early age. When she was thirteen years old, this writer moved back to the Dominican Republic with her parents.

Later, she moved back to the US, and still continued to live in the Bronx. She went on to study social work and is currently the Director of a therapeutic centre. She found solace in writing because she had dealt with a lot of sexual abuse in her social work. Baez asserts that she writes because this allows her to escape from the trauma of her patient’s experiences. Indeed, this author’s ability to delve into a taboo subject such as sexual abuse in ‘Aura’ probably stems from her profession. One of the characters in the story is a pedophile.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When the teenage girls talk about the child abuser, Rosa claims that she will shrink his ‘thing’ (Baez, “My Daughter’s eyes and other short stories” 75). These were probably sentiments that many of Annecy Baez’s victims shared. Baez has a very elaborate family; in one of her self-titled blogs, the author talks about the loss of an aunt called Joviat who suffered from cancer.

In that same paragraph, she mentions her dead mother who died of cancer, and her niece who is also battling blood cancer (Baez, “My Daughter’s eyes blog” 3). In the story ‘Aura’, Mia mentions that cancer was a family problem. She must have been talking about the author’s real-life experience. Perhaps the most important component that one can deduce from Annecy Baez’s life is that she loved her family.

The author complained that compiling all the short stories took a lot of time and commitment; a fact that separated her from her family. These was something that disturbed her, since she loved to spend time with them. The same warmth and love radiate towards the family members in the short story ‘Aura’. When Mia was about to leave for the Halloween ritual, her parents send her away with the love of God (Baez, “My Daughter’s eyes and other short stories” 73).

She explains how her mother vowed to take care of Aura even when Aura’s mother was not legally married to Mia’s maternal grandfather. These are all signs of an understanding and loving family. Since so many components of this short story resemble the author’s real life, it can be said that Aura was semi autobiographical.

The book was published in 2007, but its work began as far back as 1995. Aura, just like other stories in the collection, was a reflection of major trends in minority or latino literature. Latino literature in the twenty-first century draws inspiration from three major categories: A writer’s Spanish heritage, the mythical world, and the intersection of Spanish culture with American culture (Castro-Klaren 109).

Most writings in the 2000s have themes that emanate from these sources, and they include: life in the Latino-based district of a city in the US, an exploration of certain myths, self-exploration, migratory experiences, social exploitation, and social protest. ‘Aura’ contains little bits of these themes in the story.

For instance, the story is about mythology because it vividly describes a cleansing ceremony in which Aura removes spirits from another man’s head. It is debatable whether the ‘patient’ el Doctor really turned green when they did this. Furthermore, this same person eventually forgets about the whole experience. The narrative also talks about card reading and other unconventional forms of spirituality.

We will write a custom Essay on Literary Critique on the story “Aura” by Annecy Baez specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The non-judgmental tone that the writer uses to talk about these things testifies to her acceptance of that part of her life. The narrative is also about self-exploration. Many minority writers have focused on this theme because they have unique challenges as people with dual heritages. This is especially true for people who were raised in the US. The teenage girls in Aura are such individuals; they wore Halloween costumes, but still performed psychic rituals.

They spoke Spanish and English; however, they also wanted the same things that other American teenage girls wanted like wearing make up. The story is also about migratory experiences. Mia has to leave the Bronx when her father finds another job in their native country. These dramatic changes can be very disturbing for a teenager who has already grown accustomed to her life in the US. Mia and her friends had to conform to their parent’s conservative beliefs – like boys are horrible – even when the girls would have preferred otherwise.

These challenges are symptomatic of many immigrant experiences. The story is also about life in the immigrant based City of the narrator. From her descriptions of el Doctor’s leaflet distribution, one learns that there are plenty of Latina speakers in her neighborhood (Baez, “My Daughter’s eyes and other short stories” 78). It appears to be a ‘home away from home’ for them.

Works Cited Baez, Annecy. My Daughter’s eyes and other short stories. NY: Curbstone Press, 2007. Print.

Baez, Annecy. My Daughter’s eyes blog. Annecy Baez Blogspot, 12 Sept. 2011. Web.

Castro-Klaren, Sara. A companion to Latin American literature and culture. NY: Harcourt Brace, 2008. Print.

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Consumerism in Andrew Lam’s Book “The Perfume Dreams, Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora” Explicatory Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Economists attribute economic growth and development to various factors, such as education and free access to information. Economists claim that education is one of the key pillars of economic development since, through education a country’s populace is empowered to be economically productive.

Moreover, freedom and democracy are also major factors in driving economic growth and prosperity. In the current information age, attempts have been made to ease access to information as a means of economic development. it is emerging that economic growth and development is due to consumer culture, rather tan the factors mentioned earlier. Consumerism increases demand for goods and services, effectively tilting the demand and supply mechanism. In this regard, producers have to increase production to meet increasing demand.

Moreover, advertisers fuse the western culture which portrays success and happiness with Consumerism, thus making it appeal to the masses. This attracts consumers to adapt to the consumer oriented western lifestyle. This creates markets for goods and services, and thus a vibrant economy. Thus while education, mass media and the internet aid a country’s development, consumerism is the primary ingredient for economic growth and development.

Consumerism has ushered a new dawn in economic growth and development, according to Andrew Lam’s book “The Perfume Dreams, Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora”. Evidently, access to education has increased in most of the Asian countries such as Vietnam, Pakistan and others. This is perceived as a step forward towards economic development. Along with education, is the emergence of a new generation of Asians who are fascinated by globalization rather than with the Continent’s history.

In Asia, globalization didn’t just happen by chance. As in many other parts of the world, the internet and the mass media have been instrumental in spreading the global culture. While the internet is a late entrant in global arena, the mass media is not. Media brands such as CNN, BBC and others have, like the internet, help many of the world communities’ access information easily, which effectively helps to propagate materialism and consumerism.

Economic growth and development can however be attributed to the spread of materialism and consumer culture. The media and the internet can be attributed for the spread of democratic ideals in many countries. However, these two create a communication platform, which has ushered in a new dawn in Asia: consumerism. In Vietnam, as well as in many communities around the world, the consumer culture is alienating the youths from their past.

However, such alienation is not in vain as today’s youth form the new consumer market for intangible goods and services such as information, entertainment and global brands such as Coca Cola. Fashion and sports are also products of mass consumerism, with the new generation exhibiting insatiable appetite for these products. Consumerism and not globalization is the new dawn and is the face of economic growth in many countries.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Proponents of consumerism have been accused of ignoring other fundamental aspects of economic growth such production. Dr Ashfaque Khan, in his article “Consumerism” argues that such criticism emanate from the assumption that consumer culture overrides the need to encourage production. Moreover, other vital sectors such as the employment industry, the utilization of a country raw materials and workforce are ignored. In sum, consumerism impinges on the production capacity of a country.

This view hold true to the extent that exports are impinged on by an insatiable appetite for goods intended for export. However, critics are ignorant of basic factors that determine the effectiveness of consumerism in economic growth. Mass consumption creates a higher demand for goods and services, effectively spurring producers to increase production.

Increase in demand for consumer goods affects the demand supply mechanism. Increased demand for goods and services increases the need to produce more goods and services to meet the demand gap. As such, increased demands for goods spurs a number of activities. Primarily, increased demand for goods and services leads to an increase in investment in primary modes of production. As such increased demand for consumer goods and services leads to spurred growth in the production sector of the economy.

Furthermore, consumerism impacts the economy in terms of Job creation. While consumerism is associated with multinational brands such as Toyota, Coca Cola among others, small scale entrepreneurs have slowly emerged to satisfy the needs of small scale consumers. In many of the local towns, small cafes, movie theaters, shops and vending outlets have found their place in the retail industry. These small scale retailers, other than creating jobs, provide producers with avenues to distribute fast moving products.

They also help to meet the changing shopping patterns of the middle income earners. Thus consumerism promotes higher economic growth rate by jobs and spurring entrepreneurship. Like globalization, consumerism does not just happen. Noreene Janus in her article “Cloning the Consumer Culture; How International Marketing Sells the Western Lifestyle” claims that for consumerism to spur economic growth, it needs to be cloned, developed ,spread, popularized and then presented to the world through the mass media.

This has not been easy though. It has taken consistent effort by multinationals to advertise and sell consumer culture. Suffice to state that even though the multinationals advertise and market their products through the mass media, this is not consumerism. Consumerism is the attitude created by such advertising that consumption brings happiness. Multinational companies associate consumption of their products with class, happiness, luxury and the attainment of a higher social status.

As such, the culture created through such adverts symbolizes general well being, success and achievement. Therefore, the desire to be prosperous drives people to consume international brands rather than local brands. The spread of consumerism is enabled by the fact that multinationals fuse the western lifestyle with consumer advertising. Most of the content in these adverts portray the western lifestyle as the ultimate enjoyment of life as a result of consuming multinational brands.

We will write a custom Essay on Consumerism in Andrew Lam’s Book “The Perfume Dreams, Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, people are attracted to adopt western lifestyle. As a result they shop for multinational brands such as Coca Cola as a way of enjoyment. As explained earlier this creates more demand for such goods which in turn spurs the growth of the production industry. Thus economic growth is realized. Multinationals advertise the western culture out of the realization that the western world realized economic growth because of a consumer culture.

Thus, their aim is to spread the culture across the borders, thus expanding market for their goods. The spread of consumerism is not only attained with the help of the mass media even though it plays pivotal roles. The emergence of global advertising firms has taken advertising to a whole new level. Such firms are not only helping repackage global brands but are also help to remodel and merge western culture with consumerism.

The result is that people are putting much faith in multinational brands more than other things such as religion. People have become consumers of multinational brands, not because of the benefits they derive from them but as a way of life. Architects of consumerism appeal to the masses that consumer goods and products provides solutions to their problems.

This is the reason commodities such as the iPhones, computers and such other new age technologies are popular since they help people overcome life challenges. Thus the users and the gadgets are inseparable. Steve Bruce, in his book, “God is Dead: Secularization in the West”, likens consumerism to a new religion. Actually Bruce argues that consumerism has become a new religion, replacing God. People worship commodities that give them tangible satisfaction.

A walk across town reveals that more and more people spend their Sundays in shopping malls rather than in church or other places of worship. This implies that money that would have been given to church is used to acquire consumer goods. This is driving the demand for consumer goods a notch higher and significantly spurring economic growth. Education is vital for economic growth since it equips people with knowledge to be economically productive.

The internet and mass media are crucial since they help people access information, a vital ingredient for economic growth. However, consumerism is the primary agent for economic growth. This is due to the fact that mass consumption creates mass markets for consumer goods, and significant demand for such goods, effective spurring economic activities such as increased production retailing, advertising marketing and other related activities. Consumerism is therefore vital for economic growth.

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The Experienced Touch at Heritage Christian Home Case Study college essay help near me

Table of Contents Statement of the problem

Possible causes of the problem

Analysis of these causes or reasons behind the problem

Suggestions/recommendations

Statement of the problem The care and support for the developmentally disabled residents at Heritage Christian Home on Yorktown Road in Penfield, New York, is proving to be a jigsaw puzzle with regard to hiring of the staff to care for the disabled. The Home is faced with an acute shortage of labor force. This has forced the Home to embark on hiring older staff to serve the developmentally disabled.

This has so far seen the trend reverse in terms of hiring the staff. Fives years ago, a job that used to be done by fresh college graduates has now been taken up by old retirees who are over sixty five years. In the 1990s, the New York State Cares launched an initiative aimed at reducing the state’s 10,000-persons on waiting list for admittance to group homes.

This move exacerbated faster growth of care institutions. They have set up many homes within a short time. The process of recruiting these older counselors and other old staff has become expensive. The staffing crisis has compelled Heritage Christian Home to use very expensive advertising media like cable TV and radio as opposed to putting adverts in the classified section. The growth of homes has been blamed on this issue.

Possible causes of the problem The possible causes of the problem can be identified. Firstly, nowadays, there is an illusion about the old staff at the facility from the residents about their services. Secondly, the demand for the old staff has increased. The reason cited for the increased demand for this group of staff is because of the setting up of many other organizations involved in the care of the developmentally disabled persons.

Secondly, there is an illusion from the residents about the old having experience and parental skills as opposed to fresh graduates from college. Thirdly, with the entry of other organizations in providing care, there is increased competition, thus making adverting for the recruitment of old staff become very expensive.

Analysis of these causes or reasons behind the problem The feeling of the residents as depicted by the staff is testimony of their work. The state to some extend has contributed to the menace with the opening up of more homes. Examining the problem because of the high demand of the old, one can say the organizations should rethink the kind of staff to hire.

However, the old care givers are favored at these homes because of their experienced touch, furthermore, they come with parenting skills. The global credit crunch could also be pushing the retirees to consider looking for gainful employment. On one hand, the move is welcome to hire the old, because it reduces the burden of supporting these old by the young. On the contrary, the retirees are seen as taking the jobs that would otherwise been held by fresh graduates from college. Retirees can be supported by retirement schemes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Suggestions/recommendations The Home plays an important role in improving the quality of life of the developmentally disabled residents. The labor force crisis can be resolved by; hiring the young fresh graduates from college who are readily available; the exploration of other cheap avenues for recruiting these old people; offering internship opportunities to young fresh college graduates.

This will enable them to work with the old experienced staff and learn the parental skills of caring for the developmentally disabled persons. These strategies can go along way in addressing the problem of increased demand of experienced old staff in these Homes.

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The Experienced Touch at Heritage Christian Home Case Study best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Statement of the problem

Possible causes of the problem

Analysis of these causes or reasons behind the problem

Suggestions/recommendations

Statement of the problem The care and support for the developmentally disabled residents at Heritage Christian Home on Yorktown Road in Penfield, New York, is proving to be a jigsaw puzzle with regard to hiring of the staff to care for the disabled. The Home is faced with an acute shortage of labor force. This has forced the Home to embark on hiring older staff to serve the developmentally disabled.

This has so far seen the trend reverse in terms of hiring the staff. Fives years ago, a job that used to be done by fresh college graduates has now been taken up by old retirees who are over sixty five years. In the 1990s, the New York State Cares launched an initiative aimed at reducing the state’s 10,000-persons on waiting list for admittance to group homes.

This move exacerbated faster growth of care institutions. They have set up many homes within a short time. The process of recruiting these older counselors and other old staff has become expensive. The staffing crisis has compelled Heritage Christian Home to use very expensive advertising media like cable TV and radio as opposed to putting adverts in the classified section. The growth of homes has been blamed on this issue.

Possible causes of the problem The possible causes of the problem can be identified. Firstly, nowadays, there is an illusion about the old staff at the facility from the residents about their services. Secondly, the demand for the old staff has increased. The reason cited for the increased demand for this group of staff is because of the setting up of many other organizations involved in the care of the developmentally disabled persons.

Secondly, there is an illusion from the residents about the old having experience and parental skills as opposed to fresh graduates from college. Thirdly, with the entry of other organizations in providing care, there is increased competition, thus making adverting for the recruitment of old staff become very expensive.

Analysis of these causes or reasons behind the problem The feeling of the residents as depicted by the staff is testimony of their work. The state to some extend has contributed to the menace with the opening up of more homes. Examining the problem because of the high demand of the old, one can say the organizations should rethink the kind of staff to hire.

However, the old care givers are favored at these homes because of their experienced touch, furthermore, they come with parenting skills. The global credit crunch could also be pushing the retirees to consider looking for gainful employment. On one hand, the move is welcome to hire the old, because it reduces the burden of supporting these old by the young. On the contrary, the retirees are seen as taking the jobs that would otherwise been held by fresh graduates from college. Retirees can be supported by retirement schemes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Suggestions/recommendations The Home plays an important role in improving the quality of life of the developmentally disabled residents. The labor force crisis can be resolved by; hiring the young fresh graduates from college who are readily available; the exploration of other cheap avenues for recruiting these old people; offering internship opportunities to young fresh college graduates.

This will enable them to work with the old experienced staff and learn the parental skills of caring for the developmentally disabled persons. These strategies can go along way in addressing the problem of increased demand of experienced old staff in these Homes.

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Consumerism in Andrew Lam’s Book “The Perfume Dreams, Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora” Explicatory Essay argumentative essay help

Economists attribute economic growth and development to various factors, such as education and free access to information. Economists claim that education is one of the key pillars of economic development since, through education a country’s populace is empowered to be economically productive.

Moreover, freedom and democracy are also major factors in driving economic growth and prosperity. In the current information age, attempts have been made to ease access to information as a means of economic development. it is emerging that economic growth and development is due to consumer culture, rather tan the factors mentioned earlier. Consumerism increases demand for goods and services, effectively tilting the demand and supply mechanism. In this regard, producers have to increase production to meet increasing demand.

Moreover, advertisers fuse the western culture which portrays success and happiness with Consumerism, thus making it appeal to the masses. This attracts consumers to adapt to the consumer oriented western lifestyle. This creates markets for goods and services, and thus a vibrant economy. Thus while education, mass media and the internet aid a country’s development, consumerism is the primary ingredient for economic growth and development.

Consumerism has ushered a new dawn in economic growth and development, according to Andrew Lam’s book “The Perfume Dreams, Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora”. Evidently, access to education has increased in most of the Asian countries such as Vietnam, Pakistan and others. This is perceived as a step forward towards economic development. Along with education, is the emergence of a new generation of Asians who are fascinated by globalization rather than with the Continent’s history.

In Asia, globalization didn’t just happen by chance. As in many other parts of the world, the internet and the mass media have been instrumental in spreading the global culture. While the internet is a late entrant in global arena, the mass media is not. Media brands such as CNN, BBC and others have, like the internet, help many of the world communities’ access information easily, which effectively helps to propagate materialism and consumerism.

Economic growth and development can however be attributed to the spread of materialism and consumer culture. The media and the internet can be attributed for the spread of democratic ideals in many countries. However, these two create a communication platform, which has ushered in a new dawn in Asia: consumerism. In Vietnam, as well as in many communities around the world, the consumer culture is alienating the youths from their past.

However, such alienation is not in vain as today’s youth form the new consumer market for intangible goods and services such as information, entertainment and global brands such as Coca Cola. Fashion and sports are also products of mass consumerism, with the new generation exhibiting insatiable appetite for these products. Consumerism and not globalization is the new dawn and is the face of economic growth in many countries.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Proponents of consumerism have been accused of ignoring other fundamental aspects of economic growth such production. Dr Ashfaque Khan, in his article “Consumerism” argues that such criticism emanate from the assumption that consumer culture overrides the need to encourage production. Moreover, other vital sectors such as the employment industry, the utilization of a country raw materials and workforce are ignored. In sum, consumerism impinges on the production capacity of a country.

This view hold true to the extent that exports are impinged on by an insatiable appetite for goods intended for export. However, critics are ignorant of basic factors that determine the effectiveness of consumerism in economic growth. Mass consumption creates a higher demand for goods and services, effectively spurring producers to increase production.

Increase in demand for consumer goods affects the demand supply mechanism. Increased demand for goods and services increases the need to produce more goods and services to meet the demand gap. As such, increased demands for goods spurs a number of activities. Primarily, increased demand for goods and services leads to an increase in investment in primary modes of production. As such increased demand for consumer goods and services leads to spurred growth in the production sector of the economy.

Furthermore, consumerism impacts the economy in terms of Job creation. While consumerism is associated with multinational brands such as Toyota, Coca Cola among others, small scale entrepreneurs have slowly emerged to satisfy the needs of small scale consumers. In many of the local towns, small cafes, movie theaters, shops and vending outlets have found their place in the retail industry. These small scale retailers, other than creating jobs, provide producers with avenues to distribute fast moving products.

They also help to meet the changing shopping patterns of the middle income earners. Thus consumerism promotes higher economic growth rate by jobs and spurring entrepreneurship. Like globalization, consumerism does not just happen. Noreene Janus in her article “Cloning the Consumer Culture; How International Marketing Sells the Western Lifestyle” claims that for consumerism to spur economic growth, it needs to be cloned, developed ,spread, popularized and then presented to the world through the mass media.

This has not been easy though. It has taken consistent effort by multinationals to advertise and sell consumer culture. Suffice to state that even though the multinationals advertise and market their products through the mass media, this is not consumerism. Consumerism is the attitude created by such advertising that consumption brings happiness. Multinational companies associate consumption of their products with class, happiness, luxury and the attainment of a higher social status.

As such, the culture created through such adverts symbolizes general well being, success and achievement. Therefore, the desire to be prosperous drives people to consume international brands rather than local brands. The spread of consumerism is enabled by the fact that multinationals fuse the western lifestyle with consumer advertising. Most of the content in these adverts portray the western lifestyle as the ultimate enjoyment of life as a result of consuming multinational brands.

We will write a custom Essay on Consumerism in Andrew Lam’s Book “The Perfume Dreams, Reflections on the Vietnamese Diaspora” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, people are attracted to adopt western lifestyle. As a result they shop for multinational brands such as Coca Cola as a way of enjoyment. As explained earlier this creates more demand for such goods which in turn spurs the growth of the production industry. Thus economic growth is realized. Multinationals advertise the western culture out of the realization that the western world realized economic growth because of a consumer culture.

Thus, their aim is to spread the culture across the borders, thus expanding market for their goods. The spread of consumerism is not only attained with the help of the mass media even though it plays pivotal roles. The emergence of global advertising firms has taken advertising to a whole new level. Such firms are not only helping repackage global brands but are also help to remodel and merge western culture with consumerism.

The result is that people are putting much faith in multinational brands more than other things such as religion. People have become consumers of multinational brands, not because of the benefits they derive from them but as a way of life. Architects of consumerism appeal to the masses that consumer goods and products provides solutions to their problems.

This is the reason commodities such as the iPhones, computers and such other new age technologies are popular since they help people overcome life challenges. Thus the users and the gadgets are inseparable. Steve Bruce, in his book, “God is Dead: Secularization in the West”, likens consumerism to a new religion. Actually Bruce argues that consumerism has become a new religion, replacing God. People worship commodities that give them tangible satisfaction.

A walk across town reveals that more and more people spend their Sundays in shopping malls rather than in church or other places of worship. This implies that money that would have been given to church is used to acquire consumer goods. This is driving the demand for consumer goods a notch higher and significantly spurring economic growth. Education is vital for economic growth since it equips people with knowledge to be economically productive.

The internet and mass media are crucial since they help people access information, a vital ingredient for economic growth. However, consumerism is the primary agent for economic growth. This is due to the fact that mass consumption creates mass markets for consumer goods, and significant demand for such goods, effective spurring economic activities such as increased production retailing, advertising marketing and other related activities. Consumerism is therefore vital for economic growth.

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Compare the Mean Joe commercial and current Coca-Cola commercials Research Paper cheap essay help

Introduction In an attempt to maintain and increase sales, Coca-Cola Company has been advertising its products in different media, especially television. Coca-Cola Company sells its products worldwide and is one of the most well-known companies in the world. The company therefore has to make their advertisement suitable for people in different regions.

Over the years, most of Coca Cola commercials have not been as successful as the Mean Joe commercial. This study will seek to find out why commercials should be like the Mean Joe commercial. It will provide the refute and the opposition to the idea that commercials should more like the Mean Joe advert.

Compare the Mean Joe commercial to current Coca-Cola commercials. Tell why commercials need to be more like the Mean Joe commercial Mean Joe Greene, an American athlete, appeared in one of the most acclaimed television commercials for Coca-Cola, which won the Clio Award for the best commercial of the year. The commercial was produced as a part of the Coca-Cola campaign named “Have a Coke and a Smile” in 1979.

The TV advert became popular after it was aired in the 1980 Super Bowl. In the advertisement, Mean Joe receives a coke from a young fan and in return, he gives him his jersey. Mean Joe utters the catch phrase of the advertisement, “Hey, kid, catch!”, which has been cited in many marketing custom research papers as the most recognizable phrases of all times.

Many people could identify the advertisement and this helped to make it popular. After the advert was aired during the 1980 Super Bowl, it became a favorite one among the people, and the company decided to adapt the commercial for other regions. In Argentina, the advert featured Diego Maradona who played the role of Greene. In 1981, after the advert became a hit in the United States, it was adapted for a movie with Greene playing himself.

The advert has also been adapted for other ad campaigns including a television advertisement that was aimed at promoting asthma awareness. The commercial got its message across by showing Mean Joe who is hurt during a game to receive a coke from a young boy. After drinking it, Mean Joe is seen smiling and this helps to advance the campaign slogan ‘Have a Coke and a Smile’.

In the early months of 2011, the Coca-Cola Company launched a marketing campaign named ‘Reasons to Believe’ as a way to celebrate its 125th birthday. This advertisement campaign has been made for various regions under different names and catch phrases. In the United States, the catch phrase line was “Open happiness,” which was changed to “125 years of sharing happiness” in other countries.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Following the advertisement, the company announced the release of a new bottle with a capacity of 1.25 litters that would be sold in stores. In summer, the catch phrase was changed to “125 years of summer fun” and extended for 125 days in commemoration of the years the company had existed.

The advertisement is designed to make viewers be in a good mood and accompanied by cool music performed by the rock group Oasis. In addition, the advert is designed with some interesting information. The video makes viewers believe in a good world; this is what many people would want to believe.

When comparing the two advertisements, it is clear that both are designed to propel the sales of the company’s product. The difference between them is that in the case of Mean Joe, many people can associate the advert with the feeling of having a hero because everyone has a hero, he/she likes to follow.

This makes the advert build a bridge between the different ages and, thus, popularize the product. The recent advertisement campaign, which was used in 2011, fails in a number of ways. So, it is clear that the Mean Joe model should be adopted. The campaign tries to give people reasons to believe, but it provides a short-lived effect if we take into account the numerous tragic things that are reported in the news every day.

Refute the advancement There are several reasons why adoption of the Mean Joe advert may be a major failure and should be avoided. First of all, the use of athletes in advertisement has been extensively adopted by companies and consumers nowadays, so the advert campaigns are overloaded with sportsmen and public have tired of them and do not pay as much attention as it was before. That is why, nowadays, consumers are against this form of advertising.

However, the Mean Joe advert is the best model. This is because people are fond of their heroes and will mostly buy the things that are endorsed by them. Sport legends have been proven to be very effective in advertisement and always help to increase the sales of the product. Consumers are also fond of identifying with their heroes and the only way that is possible is to buy products that are endorsed by them.

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Web Privacy – Reliance on Internet Term Paper writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Pros of internet regulation in reinforcing web privacy

Cons of internet regulations relating to web privacy

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Anupam and Lauren (12) argue that increased reliance on internet and digital communications in the present world poses the need to have appropriate measures to guarantee privacy while online. Privacy issues are becoming a primary concern for internet users, whether it is usually from an informed or non-informed consent. This implies that internet users and the providers of such services are supposed to guarantee privacy when online.

Anonymity when communicating via the internet has become significant to most of the internet users mainly because most of the websites today log various personal details for diverse purposes such as marketing, surveys and maintaining a database of the web page visitors. Addressing the issue of web privacy requires the implementation of strict electronic privacy laws and policies through internet regulation.

Brostek and Libician (58) agree that the web is an open network that functions basing on the code of net neutrality. The subject of contention is whether the internet, just like any other form of mass media, should be subjected to regulation. Currently, various legislations such as the Data Protection Act have been adopted to enhance web privacy and curb any online activities that may jeopardize web privacy (Dororthy and Marcia 100).

Connolly (145) notes that the use of complete internet regulation to enhance online privacy is a contentions topic with diverse viewpoints. The basic argument is that internet regulation is required to address the problem associated with web privacy. This paper evaluates both sides of the argument regarding web privacy to evaluate whether the use of internet regulation is justified in the quest to reinforce web privacy.

Pros of internet regulation in reinforcing web privacy Frackman and Ray (147) consent that “the use of internet regulation to reinforce web privacy serves to eliminate numerous illegal activities that are conducted over the internet”. The illegal online activity that is bound to affect the concept of web privacy is identity theft.

This is common in scenarios involving unregulated internet usage and cases whereby the provisions of the Data Protections Act have not been taken into consideration. This implies that internet regulation plays a significant role in the elimination of illegal online activities that serve to violate electronic privacy.

Some of the crimes that can be committed on an unregulated internet usage include financial frauds, theft of personal identity, swindles, phishing and various internet crimes. Similar sentiments were echoed by Miller and Vandome (128), who claimed that such crimes are usually committed due to inefficient regulation policies regarding the submission and revealing of personal information over the internet.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Without proper internet regulation, internet users will be less informed regarding the legitimacy of websites to post their personal details and that such web sites must reveal to the users the reasons behind collecting the personal information of the users. This implies that there will be an increased user’s awareness regarding the submission of personal details over the internet, which will in turn serve to reinforce privacy over the internet (Miller and Vandome 129).

Simson and Gene (95) agree that internet regulation eliminates the use of personal information collected without the consent of the user. Internet regulation imposes strict policies regarding the nature of the data collected, the specific purpose that does not serve to violate the interest of the users and using the data without the knowledge of the owners.

Smith (100) also asserts that “internet regulation protects the privacy of the data that has been collected by the owners of the website”. Privacy invasion is an increasing trend in the internet owing to the fact that there has been an increase in the volume of data being collected and traded without the knowledge of the users, or reported cases whereby website owners are not using the collected data for the specified purpose.

Simson and Gene (99) further affirm that “internet regulation will also play an integral role in eliminating privacy invasion over the internet”. This is because through internet regulation, website owners will be held legally accountable for release of personal information collected via their website and that any instances associated with inaccuracies can impose serious lawsuits being filed against the website owners.

Currently, there is no regulation legislation, which prohibits the trading of personal data gathered over the internet, and perhaps, internet regulation will fill the gap left by the absence of legislation to address this issue of trading of personal data over the internet (Smith 109).

The third pro of internet regulation as outlined in Simson and Gene (78) is that it serves to increase transparency among the internet service providers. Smith also supports the claim on grounds that transparency is an important aspect within the online community that is vital in ensuring that there is accountability for cases involving breaches of privacy over the internet and the data protection.

This is important in ensuring that internet service providers keep trail of the data transfers across their communication platform, which serves to enhance the surveillance of internet usage to determine potential cases of violations of privacy such as hackers. Monitoring the usage of the internet is a significant milestone in the quest to enhance privacy over the internet.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Web Privacy – Reliance on Internet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Frackman and Ray (78), providers and website owners are mandated to guarantee the privacy of the web page users and the relevant information posted on their websites. This is facilitated through controlling the type of data and the volume of data that is released relating to an individual via the internet, and others who may access the revealed personal information and use them inappropriately. Internet regulation also provides a framework through which internet users can reinforce their own privacy while online.

This is facilitated through the development of web pages that have privacy settings that can be customized according to personal preferences (Smith 45). Violations of privacy over the internet are dealt with using legal actions against the website owners and people responsible for such breaches. This is mainly because the reinforcement of internet regulation implies stringent rules and policies regarding defamation that is not justified.

Cons of internet regulations relating to web privacy Despite the potential benefits in reinforcing web privacy due to regulation, there are diverse opposing viewpoints regarding the use of internet regulation to enhance privacy over the internet.

Connolly (100) claims that “internet regulation results to a total take over by the government and other key players in the telecommunication industry”, which can result to increased violations of the principle of net neutrality and will reduce the effectiveness of the internet as a mass communication media. According to Brostek and Libician (47), the aspect of web privacy is a dead concept, and there is no way that internet privacy can be reinforced, unless the internet usage is prohibited completely.

Internet connectivity in itself offers a potential loophole that malicious users can deploy to violate privacy and data protection laws. Connolly (89) claims that the internet offers a vast source of information, and imposing restrictive policies regarding its usage on grounds of protecting privacy will reduce its access to the information and has negative impacts on innovation.

Brostek and Libician (128) are against the concept of internet regulation because “it will be an impediment towards the freedom of expression”, which ultimately played an integral role in ensuring the success of the internet as a mass communication media. Since its inception, the internet has been an important source of open information, whereby people post their information while others use the internet to collect data.

Using internet regulation will be an impediment to the aspect of freedom of expression and constrain the access to the information source offered by the internet. Brostek and Libician (78) further asserts that the success of the internet will be reduced significantly since people are more used to an open internet rather than a restricted internet. Privacy over the internet can only be enhanced by encouraging the ethical and wise usage of the internet rather than fostering a restrictive medium.

Opponents claim that the internet is a communication tool that is to be used responsibly to foster privacy on the grounds that access to the internet itself increase the vulnerability of personal information being accessed and violated without one’s consent. Connolly (145) notes that internet regulation is not an effective strategy to address the issue of web privacy; rather, it serves to reduce the effectiveness of the internet as an open mass communication medium.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Web Privacy – Reliance on Internet by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Brostek and Libician (147) are against the use of internet regulation because it serves to violate the concept of a free and open internet. This is because every individual has the right to access any internet content that is deemed lawful, provided that the access and usage under the provisions of the enforcement laws.

The internet is considered an open mass communication tool that functions under the standards of net neutrality. As such, internet regulation serves to violate the basic functioning principles of the internet that ultimately resulted to its success. In addition, there are cases whereby the gathering of personal information over the internet is for justified reasons such as government agencies and corporations.

Connolly (74) cites that an open and free internet is behind the success of new frameworks such as e-commerce, online marketing, the fight against terrorism and identification of criminals. This are the benefits associated with a free internet that is devoid of regulations.

Issues relating to privacy should be handled by the owners of the websites, the users owing to the fact personal information is normally submitted at will, meaning that accountability for privacy invasion, and violation should be at an individual level and not the entire internet.

Conclusion An empirical analysis of the opinions from the opposing sides reveal that internet privacy is paramount irrespective of the measures used in guaranteeing that there is minimal cases of privacy invasion. From the above, it is arguably evident that internet regulation can be an effective measure in guaranteeing web privacy.

This should be coupled with encouraging ethical use of the internet and ignorance of the perception that internet privacy cannot be achieved. Personal responsibility is also encouraged to ensure privacy over the internet because regulation does not guarantee total protection against privacy invasion.

Works Cited Anupam, Chander and Gelman Lauren. Securing privacy in the Internet age. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008.

Brostek, Michael and Linda Libician. Internet Privacy: Agencies’ Efforts to Implement OMB’s Privacy Policy. New York: DIANE Publishing, 2001.

Connolly, Kevin. Law of internet security and privacy. New York: Aspen Publishers, 2003.

Dororthy, Kenedy and Muth Marcia. The Bedford Guide for College Writers. New York: Bedford/St.Martins, 2011.

Frackman, Andrew and Claudia Ray. Internet and online privacy: a legal and business guide. New York: ALM Publishing, 2002.

Miller, Fredrick and Agnes Vandome. Internet Privacy. New Jersey: VDM Publishing House Ltd, 2009.

Simson, Garfinkel and Spafford Gene. Web security, privacy and commerce. New York: O’Reilly Media, 2002.

Smith, Marcia. Internet: an overview of key technology policy issues affecting its use and growth. New York: Nova Publishers, 2002.

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“Antigone” by written by Aeschylus Essay essay help

Table of Contents “Antigone” by written by Aeschylus

“Bacchae” written by Euripides

“Lysistrata” written by Aristophanes

“Phaedra” written by Jean Racine

Works Cited

“Antigone” by written by Aeschylus The Main Action or point of the play “Antigone” can be summarized as: To live with Fate. In the play, several themes illustrated include the power of love and what it causes people to resort to, the pride of life and its consequences and of course fate.

Fate is the most central of all the themes going on in the play. Everyone in the play comes to some sad end. Each character has to live with the consequences that fate has brought to them. Some die in the end, a result of fate, while some live miserably following the devastating events of their lives, Cummings (2003).

This play is tragic. The happenings throughout the play are tragedies. This means that the main character or the protagonist in the play must be the tragic hero of the play. A tragic hero is someone who shows fatal flows in their behavior, then later recognizes their mistakes but has to live with the consequences of their fateful tragedies.

In this play, the chief protagonist is Antigone. She is the heroine. She fights diligently for the just funeral of her deceased brother. She also fights to satisfy the traditional gods. She is independent and stubborn and sticks to her own decisions even when she knows that she is out rightly illegal.

The main antagonist in the play is the King of Thebes, Crain. He is the one who opposes everything right from happening because of his own pride and beliefs. He opposes the will of their traditional gods, the betterment of his own people, the marriage of Antigone and Haemon and the development of his own family.

“Bacchae” written by Euripides This is a Greek drama whose background is in one venue from start to the end. Opposing forces appear throughout the play. We see skepticism against a feeling of piety, reasoning against the failure to think, traditional Greek against modernity, the conflict between sexes, civilization verses ancientness among others.

This is not the only theme in this play. The entire play must not be seen only with the eyes of opposing forces. Other themes include logic and the lack of it, respect and tolerance. However, in the play, it is clear that opposing forces tend to diffuse into each other.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main character of the Greek drama or the protagonist is Deonysus. The entire play revolves around Deonysus personal opinion, belief and actions. This character has both physical and magical attributes. He is both physical and god at the same time.

He summons earthquakes and thunderstorms and his belief gets right into people’s heads driving them crazy. He promises that he will deal with those who oppose him and ends up doing just that. He is also both foreign and Greek at the same time. He got born in Greek. He acquired a foreign religion in Asia. His audience is non Greeks. He imposes his divinity and faith on his own people, Euripides (24).

The main antagonist of the play is Pentheus. He is the force behind all the opposing Deonysus has in his effort to extend the new faith in Thebes. Being the King of Thebes at that time, Pentheus who has a terrible temper and arrogance refuses his people from attending the meetings by the gods. He wants to be a noble lord if he totally refuses the strange god and religion brought back to Thebes by Deonysus.

“Lysistrata” written by Aristophanes The main objective of this play is: To stop war. The writer uses extraordinarily powerful sexual language. He uses anti – war sex strikes to make the point. The comedy is largely anti war. The sexual words use only grabs the reader’s attention. In the play, the writer shows the power of women and how the women’s vision to reconcile their city is stronger than the political roles played by the men at that time. The women seized the polis as respectable people with trustworthy intentions.

The main character in this anti war comedy is Lysistrata. Her leading role in the play is to inspire women to go against their men until the two long decade Spartian and Athanian wars stops. The writer of this play uses this main character to show the strong need for a cease in bloodshed and unnecessary war by outlining the foolishness/folly of the Spartian and Athanian wars. The war finally ended. The women went back to their regular chores.

The opposing public attitudes of the day got challenged as a result of this revolt, Aristophanes (4). The main antagonist of the play is the magistrate. He is an uncompromising man whose judgement on women is hysteria, a love for wine and promiscuous sex. He is against the women revolution and blames it on the inability of the men to control their disobedient wives. The women shock the constables by overpowering them. This sends a strong message that they committed to stopping the wars.

“Phaedra” written by Jean Racine The main objective of this play is: To deal with forbidden passion. The play is about love and depicts different kinds of love as expressed by the different characters in the play. We see the forbidden love or perverted love of the main character, phaedro towards her step son.

We will write a custom Essay on “Antigone” by written by Aeschylus specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is also romantic love, love existing between family members and between close friends. The other love portrayed is the aggressive and highly protective love where one has a passion to kill another to protect those they love. Unfortunately, all the love stories in the play end up the wrong way except the love for friends.

In this play, the main character is Phaedro. She is the main protagonist and the play revolves around her life, love and passions. The author displays Phaedro’s hysterical lust for her step son, Hippolytus. Though forbidden, Phaedro loves her step son so passionately that she is willing to let go of every love if only to be with her step son. She is a woman of misfortune, caught in a battle she does not have the ability to suppress, Recine (10).

The antagonist of the play is Oenene. Because of his bitterness, he wants to kill Phaedro’s uncontrollable passion and desire for her step son at all costs. She urges her to bring out her passions without any considerable thought for the consequences that would have.

His actions and words show his strong desire to stop Phaedro from exploiting her love. Because of his actions, the result was the loss of family reputation built over a long time and the demise of Hippolytus and Phaedro. He plays a selfish and mean function throughout the play.

Works Cited Aristophanes. Lysistrata. Indianapolis:Hackett Publishing Company, 2003. Web.

Cummings, Michael J. Introduction to Theban plays. 2003. Web.

Euripides. The Bacchae of Euripides. United States of America: Vail – Ballou Press, 1979. Web.

Recine, Jean Baptiste. Phaedra. Kessinger Publishing. Web.

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Korean aesthetic sense Essay (Movie Review) essay help online free: essay help online free

“Seo-Pyon-Jae” The Korean sense of aesthetic revolves around melodramatic and immense suffering to achieve success in life as the movie depicts. For those who cannot endure suffering, nature or the world has no place for them. In a modern world, a traditional family of a singer would find it difficult to make a living. Yu-bong, the father who adopted the girl, Oh Jung-Hae and the boy, Kim Kyu-Chul, believes that a true artist seeking success, must suffer.

He subjects the boy and the girl to suffering in order to achieve greatness. This is a traditional belief that only suffering can bring success in the future. The boy cannot take it anymore and runs away from home. The girl endures the suffering subjected to her by Yu-bong, the “pansori” artist and eventually achieves success.

“Seo-Pyon-Jae” also depicts the power the elderly members of the society have over young people. Yu-bong expresses his patriarchal powers over her adopted daughter. Critics argue that this is his attempt to restrict her daughter’s expression of her sexuality. She remains loyal to her father. It is the responsibility of the father to ensure that they bring up their children to learn their old ways. This is the Korean way of upbringing children.

“Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter… and Spring” Kim Ki Duk, the director of the movie portrays aspects of life in four seasons. He depicts that the aesthetic sense of life is only possible when one is close to nature. He shows us the pleasure, joy, anger and sorrow of life when one turn against nature.

The old monk instills discipline of Buddhism in the young monk during spring. Spring is the season of spiritual discipline. This is the first contact the young boy has with aspects of Buddhism which are witty and sometimes harsh. They show us the surprising nature of understanding human experience. The old monk punishes the boy harshly when the boy punishes animals. He tries to instill a severe and straightforward sense of responsibility to the boy towards. He warns the boy that nature is unforgiving.

During the summer, the old monk warns the younger monk about lust, the desire to possess which ends with the intent to murder. This is when the young monk experiences life of sexual lust with a lady seeking treatment. The younger monk and the lady eloped. True to the old monk warning against lust, the younger monk eventually kills his wife. The detectives are after the young monk for murder. He returns to the old monk where he was contemplating suicide. The old monk beats him severely. The detectives arrest the young monk for murder.

The master dies later. When the younger monk returns from prison, he found everything just as the old monk had left them. A woman comes to the monastery with a baby boy, which she eventually leaves. She dies in her attempt to escape. The middle-aged Buddha now lives with the boy, which is now his young monk. Just has he had mistreated the animals the boy repeats the same thing. Spring comes again.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This movie shows that life is like seasons of nature. What goes round always comes round. Koreans consider their old men wise and should always be obeyed. Those who disobey their warnings end up suffering.

The two movies are full of melodramatic scenes amidst pleasure, joy, pain and suffering. Some of these teachings may be influenced by Confucius about the relationship between the father and their children. The aspects of Buddhism reflected in these movies may not always be acknowledged by people in the West. Their aesthetic sense may be reflected in personal talent and desire to be one’s own.

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The Traditional and Modern Myths Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Discussion

The Biblical Myth

Myth as a Metaphor

Cultural Identity

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The concept of mythology has preoccupied human life for many decades. Myths may refer to sacred narratives or stories that try to explain how human beings and other world phenomenon came into being as seen in their present form or state.

Although many scholars of mythology have used this terminology in many different ways, the fundamental element of myths is that they all tend to resemble stories with traditional origins.

The analysis of both traditional and modern mythology shows that the main myths are characterized by gods, fictional heroes and supernatural beings or powers all shaping the human mind. Myths have served to shape human kind through establishing models of behavior.

Through storytelling, individuals develop tendencies of retrogressing into the mythical past, thus drawing closer to the divine truths. This paper seeks to analyze the traditional and modern myths with a view to demonstrated similarities as well as differences. In the next phase of the discussion, the paper will enumerate the symbolic imperativeness of myths, and their influence to my perceptions about the world.

Discussion A private and unrecognized dream exists as a myth within the absence of an effective mythology. The Biblical conceptualizations of the origin of man provide an excellent form of a myth in the antiquity while the relatively new myth of the Superman offers the best illustration of a myth in the contemporary society. The representations of the origin of man from a religious standpoint offer me a unique opportunity to understand how humanity and its related facets came to be.

The Biblical story of the origin of man is perhaps the most upheld belief appealing to the universal conceptualization of humankind and its origin. Although religious dogmas and beliefs vary in a number of ways, there is a consensus about the origin and existence of humanity. The Superman myth portrayed by the comical superhero appeals to me because while as a kid, I believed in its existence and, in my dreams, wished to meet him.

The Biblical Myth According to the Bible, God created man after he had created the heavens and the earth. The book of Genesis takes us through the process that took God to create human beings and the world in general. We are later taken into the Garden of Eden where we are told that God placed Adam and Eve the supposed first human beings.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the book of Genesis, we are told of the man who has to discover his origin and the origin of some fundamental elements of suffering and happiness as portrayed by the sinful nature of man and the potential redemption through salvation (New International Bible, Gen.2.1-2)

Like every other myth that has passed down through generations, the myth surrounding the origin of humankind in the Bible caries with it many inconsistencies. The order of creation in the Bible is broken and unexplained and uses unnatural means to achieve its goals. We are told, “Let there be light” ‘and there was light.”

The symbolic element of creating Adam and Eve as contrasted to declaring their being serves to demonstrated the innate significance of our existence as unique objects within the mythical realms. Therefore, through these representations, we come to appreciate the intrinsic importance of man in the universe. This draws from the elements of his creation as the last creature in order to watch over the rest of God’s creation.

The tales of the Bible try to explain common phenomenon, which remain unexplained in the contemporary world. According to Bible, the painfulness of child bearing is a punishment from God for defying his order not to eat from the fruit tree, which was at the centre of the Garden. One can conclude that this myth tries to explain why child bearing is so painful for women. However, in my view, it might seem unreasonable to justify the pains experienced by women due to sins committed by their ancestors.

To explain the conflict that exists between snakes and man, the Bible attributes this to God’s curse for man to toil in search for food. Man has never stopped seeking the explanations of metaphysical aspects such as death, beginning of life and many others. Humanity has always dreamt and remained committed of coming up with an answer through mythology and scientific discoveries and theory.

Renowned scientists like Charles Darwin have conducted numerous researches to explain and dispute the Bible’s theory of the origin of man. For instance, Charles Darwin concluded that man exists because of evolution process through change over a long period. Although this elementary theory may provide an insight into the question of origin, it may fail to offer best explanations surrounding the metaphysical world.

In trying to lend explanations to the origin of man, the most famous myths of the ancient Greek, myths of Oedipus, Odyssey, Zeus and many others may perhaps provide a substantial amount of light into the very question of existence. It is undisputed that myths form a very important part of our religions from Europe, Africa and all over the world.

We will write a custom Essay on The Traditional and Modern Myths specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Myths inform many aspects of our life, for example, many company names originate from Greek myths; very interesting though is the effect and influence that myths have on religions all over the world, for example, the Yoruba of Nigeria believe that their God originated from a reed.

Still in Africa, the Kikuyu, a tribe in Kenya, believed that their God came from mount Kirinyaga, which was his dwelling place. Explanations about the mythological formulations vary in approach and thought, thus serve to explain the conflicting nature of myths held by various traditions.

The Superman Myth. The comic character of Superman has come up as a strong mythological figure especially in the urban areas; it is common to hear kids saying, “That car is as fast as Superman.” to convince a seven year old kid that Superman does not exist may be a challenging task. It is attributed to numerous representation of the Superman through comic books and movies and in real life.

Siegel and Shuster created the first mythical characteristics of the Superman via images and symbols of rough and aggressive person renown for terrorizing criminals and gangsters especially in the 1920s.

No doubt exists in the fact that a similarity exist between the Bible, comic book hero, superman, and other myths.

Myth as a Metaphor In most cases myths provide perfect metaphors for applicable in real life situations. For example, the mythical Garden of Eden acts as a representation of aspects of life. Although this contradicts the Biblical essence, critics have commented that the Garden of Eden represents sexuality in human beings where the human body is represented as holy just like the Garden of Eden.

However, Adam and his wife go against this order and eat the fruit meaning that they slept together. Today, the story in the Bible provides a metaphorical account of human life the story of Cain and Abel’s sibling rivalry symbolizes the conflict that exists among humans, between racism to tribalism, the rich and the poor and many other differences that exist nowadays. (Genesis, 4.1-10).

On its part, the mythical hero superman represents a conflict between the law-abiding citizens and the criminals in the society or a war between the right and wrong.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Traditional and Modern Myths by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Cultural Identity Although held in separate ways, my choice of my myths conforms to the universal conception of most cultures around the world in a number of respects.

American culture is the one that is technologically advanced as more and more people tend to believe in science, a good example are many Hollywood movies which have been created predicting the end of this world due to a calamity arising out of a scientific experiment or the future based on scientific discovery. A new religion based on a science fiction, and science on the rise. In my view, this religion bases its roots in the recent technological and scientific discoveries as evidenced by the abundant literature.

The American society is a highly religious society where freedom of religion freely thrives. It is for this reason that many religions have their home in America. However, the Christianity has the highest following and for this reason, most Americans identify themselves with the theoretical stories in the Bible set at the Garden of Eden.

Conclusion This analysis has adopted the comparative mythology in which two different myths have been compared on a number of aspects. The analysis of the concept o mythology in both traditional and modern perspectives reveals the attachment between humanity and the world. The link that manages to connect the world phenomena that remain unchallenged is filled by the formulations of myths. The concept of myth has evolved since pre-historical and Biblical times and that these elements have penetrated the modern society.

Studies have shown that the tendencies of traditions to get back to their traditional form of thinking have been facilitated through the creation of myth. Different traditions have held that myths are significant in shaping human behavior through drawing near to the divine nature of the ancient moments.

As indicated by Campbell in his book the “Heroes Journey,” these myths follow the same pattern and form, thus form a platform for behavior change. Similarly, in the comic hero’s myths, superman lives in a perfect world in Krypton where he soon discovers that there are other Kryptonians living on the planet, when he comes to rescue them they are defeated and he is forced to remain on the earth where he experiences struggles but at the end, he triumphs.

The symbolic elements of myths remain instrumental in illustrating the meaning of some traditional and modern beliefs in order to inform their users. In demonstrating the essence of myths, the Superman serves as the critical example of how mythical components transform the mind and behavior through belief. Using this example, I have come to learn that characters and personality of most people are controlled by acceptance to subscribe to some particular myths.

Although a strong relationship exists between the traditional and modern conceptualizations of myths, these two groups of myths have vast differences and perhaps opposing features of each other. For instance, the 21st century mythical representations attempt to reject the 19th century mythical theories and science.

In this process of varying views, the modern mythology has developed a tendency to observe the traditional facets as obsolete and inconsequential to the development of the world’s ideologies. However, some studies document that different myths work in almost similar ways in order to achieve specific though different cultural and traditional goals. They argue that traditions are the regenerate functional subsets of the entire package of myths guiding the development of that given society.

Myths act to give meaning to life through transformations in modes of thinking toward the world into which our deities connect with the human beings. This element enables us to understand that the existence of things such as sufferings happen for a higher cause and reason.

Based on this significant element, the Biblical myth of the origin abd existence of man has enabled me to develop a general feeling that we are unique beings intended for better things in the world. This follows the punishments aspects of the Garden of Eden where our ancestors suffered because of their wickedness.

In addition, besides acting to inform our understanding, the two myths have offered themselves as lessons from which we model our behavior through taking the Superman and God as role models in our social and spiritual lives respectively. For instance, the Biblical story of the origin of man is perhaps the most upheld belief appealing to the universal conceptualization of humankind and its origin. Although religious dogmas and beliefs vary in a number of ways, there is a consensus about the origin and existence of humanity.

The Superman myth portrayed by the comical superhero appeals to me because while as a kid, I believed in its existence and, in my dreams, wished to meet him. On the other hand, myths have throughout history served to justify the cultural activities through the authoritative nature of mythical elements and characters. Man has never stopped seeking the explanations of metaphysical aspects such as death, beginning of life and many others.

Humanity has always dreamt and remained committed of coming up with an answer through mythology and scientific discoveries and theory. Through these aspects, myths attempt to establish events, customs, religious facets, laws, social and political structure, crafts and many recurring elements in the daily human life.

Myths represent the consensus of ideologies and cultural identity of varied traditions. There has been a general notion that some myths are outdated while others were current and able to address the phenomenal events happening in the world today. However, according to the evaluation of myths through a comparative study, analyses show that myths share some universal elements

Works Cited Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press,1949. Print.

Cousineau, Phil. The Hero’s Journey: Joseph Campbell on His Life and Work. Ed. Stuart L. Brown, New York: Harper and Row, 1990. Print.

Foley, Kevin D. African Oral Narrative Traditions: Teaching Oral Traditions. New York: Modern Language Association, 1998. Print.

New International Bible Version. London: Clays,1984. Print.

Rollo, May. The Cry For Myth. New York: Delta, 1992. Print.

Petrou, David M. The Making of Superman the Movie. New York: Warner Books,1978. Print.

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Single-sex Classes Problem Solution Essay college essay help near me

Introduction Teaching and learning involves more than just interaction between learners and their teachers. It is therefore necessary to understand each group involved in the learning process and how their participation in learning affects the overall education of learners.

Some issues in education arise because of the education policies put in place by those mandated to determine the course of education of a nation or by the cultural practices of a nation or religion. Single-sex education is a major issue common in Middle East countries which are predominantly Islamic; however, this issue has never received much attention it deserves especially in those countries that practice it.

It is often assumed that the objective of providing education to children is to prepare them succeed in their lives, yet most people are not conscious on what makes a child develop sufficiently through formal education. It has been hotly debated as to whether education systems or facilities need to be strictly single-sex or multi-sex. Saudi Arabia is one of the countries which strictly adopt single-sex education from elementary level to institutions of higher learning.

Single-sex/single-gender education refers to an education or school system where male and female learners learn in separate classes (Joshi, Leonard

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Theories of Art Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Various schools of thought have come up with a variety of definitions of an art. There are many distinct theories that try to explain what art represents. This paper aims at describing two theories of the art from distinct schools of thought. The theories have opposing views in the definition of an art. In this paper, we’ll look at the mimetic theory of art and the pragmatic theory of the art (Gebauer 240).

Mimetic theory of art asserts that art is a representation or just an imitation of the nature. This school of thought comprises the views of philosophers such as Aristotle and Plato who argued that mimesis meant a representation of the nature. According to the two philosophers, every artistic object or creation is simply a form of imitation of that which was created by God. Plato on his argument says that tragedians, painters and even musicians are just imitators of imitation.

On the other hand, Aristotle asserts that art is mimicry of nature essentially and that paintings should look just like what they really represent. In music, art is like a mirror, counterfeiting, perceptual equivalence or just idealization of what really exists. Art captures exactly what the world is in real sense. According to Plato, art is a mere mimicry and therefore potentially dangerous and useless (Elam 121).

In the mimetic school of thought, Plato is fully convinced that all art work just form a natural grouping and share a single common form. That is to say, all that which arts share only by virtue in common is that which is recognized as an art and is an art by virtue. According to Plato, arts are linguistically gathered together due to their metaphysical reality.

Literary works have been taken to reproduce realities deemed external while other schools of thought think that arts do not really reflect on the reality as asserted. According to the mimetic school of thought, artists are regarded as imitators. In this school, Plato and Aristotle argues that the work of the painter is thrice out of essential nature, and that what the painters make is merely a faint copy of the ideas of real things (Davis 130).

On the other hand, Aristotle has a perception that imitation is just a human basic faculty that is normally expressed using a wide range of arts. According to Aristotle, imitating is not the same as producing a copy or even a reflection of certain real things. According to Plato, art ordinarily affects the audience in a bad way as it only represents full thoughts and not even a single truth at all.

Art merely nourishes the audience feelings and does nothing to their art of reasoning. Aristotle thinks that although the world real, it is not complete and the artists strive to make it complete through imitation. Art involves complex reality of mediation. For instance, in a tragic accident or incident, artist makes an imitation of the actions that were performed by the people but not the characters displayed during the incident. As opposed to Plato’s argument, artists are both creators and imitators.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To the artists in this school of thought, imitation is less important compared to purpose. Pragmatic school of thought makes a presumption that imitation is just an instrument that is used in getting to the destination in order to delight and teach the readers. Hence they have more of Pragmatic theory in them rather than the Mimetic theory (Gebauer 243).

Pragmatic theory on the other hand emphasizes on the functional capacity of the art. This theory was addressed by philosophers such as William James and Charles Sanders among others.

This school of thought asserts that art makes optimistic contribution to the individuals’ well being in the society. Arts of religion constitute most common kind of pragmatic art with its goal of spiritual condition enhancing the audience of the art. This school of thought differs from the Mimetic school of thought in what each of them allege as the real function or purpose of the art.

Pragmatic theory asserts that art is a particular end whether that particular end is the communization of the world or the titillation of the senses of the nations or the conversion of the belief of the human kind in God or the moral tone of the viewer or reader. In each particular case, art is viewed as a means to particular end beyond itself. Therefore in the final analysis, what counts is not really the nature of art itself but rather the impacts on the audience whether they are cognitive, religious, moral, social or sensory effects (Elam 124).

The pragmatic school of thought believes in the progressing knowledge possessed by human kind. They claim that that knowledge and ideas are the tools whose significance and validity are established while people acclimatize and test them in their social and physical settings.

According to the pragmatists, the knowledge of the art demonstrates their value as they enhance the human experience. They look at art as something constructed to attain the impacts on the audience. Such effects may be for the kind of emotion, instruction or even aesthetic pleasure. They believe that the objective of all the arts is basically to uplift the life of human kind to the highest perfections (Davis 132).

In my opinion, I would merge both the Pragmatic theory and Mimetic theory of art in developing my own point of view. As the Mimetic theory of art asserts, art is a representation or just an imitation of the nature. On the other hand, Pragmatic emphasizes on the functional capacity of the art. In this school of thought, art makes optimistic contribution to the individuals’ well being in the society.

We will write a custom Essay on Theories of Art specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore in my point of view, I think art is really an imitation of what already exist in the natural environment with a functional capacity of what it represents. Both the two schools of thought had arguments from distinct philosophers such as Aristotle, Plato and William James among others. This gives the two theories a good foundation to address the points. In summary, every artistic object or creation is simply a form of imitation of that which was created by God.

I would argue that every tragedians, painters and even musicians are just but imitators of imitation. I would therefore conclude that art is like a mirror, counterfeiting, perceptual equivalence or just idealization of what really exists. It captures exactly what the world is in real sense. Therefore art is a mere mimicry and therefore potentially dangerous and useless (Elam 79).

Works Cited Davis, Michael. The Poetry of Philosophy: On Aristotle’s Poetics: Indiana, St Augustine’s, 1999

Elam, Keir. The Semiotics of Theatre and Drama: New York, Methuen. 1989

Gebauer, Gunter. Mimesis: Culture—Art—Society: London, University of California, 1995.

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The American Judicial System Expository Essay college essay help

The American judicial system is perceived as one of the most independent judicial systems around the world. However, there are factors which negatively influence the operations of the judiciary in exercising legal matters. In this essay, I will explore why I believe the independence of the American judicial system is compromised.

The fact that federal judges are approved by senate after being nominated by the president puts at stake the independence of the American judicial system and the conduct of its judges. This largely discredits the selection of federal court judges as the process of selection may not be transparent and may even take a political dimension.

Moreover, approval of judges by senate (after appointment by the president) means that the executive arm of government exercises control over the judiciary. This puts into question the ability of the judicial system to exist independently (O’Connor and Sabato, 200).

For example, an election petition by Algore, challenging the re-election of George Bush, was shot down in unclear circumstances perceived to be politically instigated. In addition, O’Connor and Sabato use Hamilton’s quote to emphasize the vulnerability of the Judiciary. They suggest that the American Judicial System “neither has the power of the sword nor the power of the purse” (O’Connor and Sabato, 330). This jeopardizes formulation and implementation of policies.

According to O’Connor and Sabato, federal court judges are appointed in a political process and are never subjected to voter approval. They can only be removed from office by impeachment. Certainly, impeachment of a judge who is biased is almost impossible (O’Connor and Sabato, 302). This instills doubt on the ability of the American judicial system to exercise judicial matters independently.

When one critically analyzes the profile of federal court judges, it is clear majority have held political offices, for example positions of prosecutor and campaign strategist. The profiles of these judges influence how they vote on judicial matters.

Therefore, the voting process may be influenced by extralegal factors including political influence, corruption, attitude, public opinion and the ideologies held by judges (O’Connor and Sabato, 245). The influence of judges by factors mentioned above means that judges are unable to exercise impartial judgement.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since there is lack of independence in the American judicial system as explained above, it is important to subject federal court judges to approval by the public. This should apply to the whole judicial system including state courts. For example in California, such measures exist as judges are subjected to approval by the public, can be removed by a committee on judicial performance, and run for elections every six years (O’Connor and Sabato, 328).

According to O’Connor and Sabato, Article III of the United States constitution establishes the Supreme Court where all judicial power is vested and covers life tenure on the part of judges. Moreover, this article establishes the compensation of judges so that they exercise judicial matters without being compromised.

Though the key objective of this article was to address the limitations of the article of confederation that relied on the state for judicial matters, it has done little to check existence of bias in the judiciary (O’Connor and Sabato, 187).

According to O’Connor and Sabato, the power of the courts to ascertain if laws or other legal matters contravene the constitution (judicial review) is not mentioned in the constitution. Furthermore, judicial review has been minimally used and even abused. For example, it has been used minimally to challenge powers of congress but maximally as a tool to make state legislative acts toothless by invalidating them (O’Connor and Sabato, 301).

From the above argument, it is clear the American judicial system is almost toothless and it exercises legal matters in the midst of influence. Though the federal courts in the United States are very powerful today, they exercise their power to serve the interests of various quarters which may be extra political or intra-political. This jeopardizes the independence of the judicial arm of government as entrenched in the constitution.

Works Cited O’Connor, Karen, and Larry Sabato. Essentials of American Government: Continuity and Change. Longhorn Publishers, 2010. Print.

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