Table of Contents Introduction
Union in marriage
Responsibility of homosexuals
Reversing homosexual unions
Introduction I chose this discussion topic for I wanted to explore why we have a high homosexual marriage rate while other families lives in difficult, and how all these affects children’s involved. In addition, the topic will cover support for the gay marriage and reasons against homosexuality in our society and look at the attitudes, beliefs, values systems and behaviors that unify a family.
Union in marriage Marriage as a union between two people from different sex, who are in love, makes one another commend each other for the rest of life. It is also defined as interpersonal relationship with governmental, social or religious recognized union of a different sex who promise to live together.
A good number of Americans believes that marriage is a personal life goal, which last for lifetime. In marriage institution, the couples are tied by vows to live strong together in times of difficulties and goods and be a companion to each other. Nevertheless, the actual behavior of the American is diverging sharply from these beliefs.
Therefore, marriage has declined primarily because we do not respect and value the institution as highly as it should be. Our cultures have become dubious of marriages and other social institution and instead we put a much higher value to individual life, choice and unlimited personal liberty.
Responsibility of homosexuals However, homosexual parents have understood themselves and in the twentieth century, around ten million gay and lesbian parent families in United State were raising more than fourteen million children, mostly in recognized gay families.
Majority of these kids were born in either heterosexually married parents whom of them later become a gay or a lesbian. Although by the end of twentieth century, numbers of same sex couples children have increased and they are really facing many challenges in forming and securing their families.( Sullivan 406)
Despite the facts that “heterosexual marriage is more recognized in American society, homosexuals are capable of proving that they can also be as responsible to their families as it is to the normal one.” (Sullivan 405) They have bid their sacrifice, commitment and responsibility to the marriage and their children.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is very odd to learn that “some of the American cities have already set their by-laws to protect legal gay marriage and their domestic partnership. These domestic partnership laws allow the homosexuals couples to register with them and be able to access the benefits that a heterosexual marriage enjoys. “(Sullivan 405)
Although Andrew argues that there is “no evidence that shows that deleterious impact on a child brought up by two homosexual parent”, children needs to be brought in a sober environment to make their future brighter also conservatives will never value homosexuality in our society.( Sullivan 406)
Reversing homosexual unions Despite the barriers, increasing number of homosexuals began raising children through donor insemination performed at both homes and hospitals by medical experts. In early twenty first century, increasing number of lesbian and gays began using other means to have children such as foster parenting, adaptation and even surrogacy means.
This according to me acted as a major challenge to the heterosexual marriage, for it limits the need to form a straightforward marriage in a mission to raise your own children as provided by the law and religious teachings
As early as 1980s the gay, lesbians, and bisexual groups has formed a number of local and national organizations to protect, support and advocates for the homosexual parents and their children.
For example in 1982, The Sperm bank of California was established as the only nationwide nonprofit sperm bank aiming to serve lesbians and bi-sexual women and by 2001 more than one thousands children had been born through their services.
Additionally children brought up in these families suffer from psychological trauma trying to associate with the other kids and might suffer from the role played by the non-biological parenting.( Bennett 437)
We will write a custom Essay on Reasons of the High Homosexual Marriage Rate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the hand, allowing gay and homosexual marriage is believed to be a major challenge that affects the marriage institution today. “By allowing homosexual marriage, it would do and have noticeable long-term social harm” (Sullivan 404) to the current generation and future of our society. Recognizing the legal marriage of gay and lesbian would define the meaning of the term marriage and indeed would be the most drastic step to be taken in deformation of our society’s most significant institution. (Sullivan 404)
With the fragility of the institution, adding of homosexual marriage in the list would stretch it to unrecognizable state where even brother and brother; sister and sister marriages would be experienced. It is our responsibility as the society that value culture, integrity and good will to stand up and shout a big no against legalizing homosexuality
If today happens and homosexuality is legalized, there will be numerous repercussions in many areas. To be precise lets take learning institution curriculum for example the sex education would have to be altered with and expected to teach that heterosexual and homosexual marriages are equal and this will equally confuse our children.
Secondly, gay and lesbians will have equal rights with heterosexual couples when claiming children adoption. I think it will be better for a child to be brought up by mother and a dad rather than being raised by two male or women homosexuals.
Conclusion Marriage has been and should remain to be the paramount segment of every society and by denying it the value and integrity that it poses will make no good to our society and nation as whole. Marriage institution is already in a mess because of what you call sexual revolution, numerous divorce and children out of the wedlock.
It is therefore required for all of us to volunteer and conduct civil education on morals and integrity of an individual to safe guard our future.
Works Cited Bennett, William. The Broken Hearth: Reversing the Moral Collapse of the American Family. Crown publishing group, 2003. Print.
Sullivan, Andrew. Virtually Normal: An Argument about Homosexuality.Knopf; 1995. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Reasons of the High Homosexual Marriage Rate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More
Solution to Overwhelming Amount of Work in College Problem Solution Essay essay help: essay help
Introduction As noted by Lawson (2009 a college education has become intertwined with the concept of success with many thinking that going from high school to college is a natural progression that would lead to landing a good job in the future (Lawson, 34). Yet for many aspiring students college has been noted as becoming increasingly expensive over the years.
Timmer (2011) explains in her study examining the cost of education within the U.S. that as of late the cost of a college education has been exponentially increasing with many students becoming mired in debt before they even graduate. In fact, it is now considered the norm to graduate with an average of $25,000 in student loan fees, credit card debt and miscellaneous expenses (TIMMER, 14).
While some students merely accumulate considerable loans over the span of their college education others attempt another route by paying off their college expenses through part time jobs. As of late, this has become an increasingly popular method of attaining a college degree due to increasing costs and greater competition for scholarships and government loans.
Unfortunately, Rance-Roney (2009) notes that for many students attempting this particular method of supplementing their income the sheer strain of attempting to balance a college degree and work at the same time becomes too much of a burden with many opting to postpone their degrees in order to make a living (Rance-Roney, 73). This has actually resulted in an increase in the rate of college dropouts over the years with only a small percentage actually going back and finishing their degrees.
Due to the current financial recession brought about by the aftereffects of the 2008 financial crisis and the current European debt issue an air of uncertainty has permeated many sectors of the economy with people thinking it is better to have a job with an uncertain future ahead of them as compared to the potential financial destitution they face if they attempt to finish their college degree. This has fueled the increased dropout rates and as such presents itself as issue that needs to be dealt with.
The main problem in this case is not that students are dropping out but rather it is that they are overworked with too much course work that causes them to dropout in the first place.
The Problem The problem isn’t the dropout rate per see but rather the workload that students need to deal with that causes them to dropout in the first place. For students that have part time jobs and attempt to finish their college courses at the same time the ever increasing workloads given to them by their professors continues to strain their ability to balance both activities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Eventually it will come to a point that a student will need to make a choice between the job that helps them to pay for their education or attempt to finish their education without the job that pays for it.
In most cases students choose the former rather than the later and this creates the dropout rates that can be seen in places such as Ross Community College. While it may be true that there are other related factors to the dropout rate such as the increasing cost of education and the fact that the economy hasn’t been getting any better the fact still remains that the combined workloads of both a college degree and a job are too much for the average student and as such continues to remain a major problem that needs to be resolved.
It must also be noted that contributing to this issue is the fact that colleges and Universities alike have had a lackluster response regarding the issue of students who work and study at the same time. While it may be true colleges and professors don’t have a direct lawful responsibility in the lives and financial problems of their students the fact remains that they do have an ethical responsibility in ensuring that students are able to attain a quality education.
With the growing trend in working college students this problem is not limited to a few students per college but rather an increasingly large percentage that may one day become the majority in most colleges and universities as the price of education continues to increase. As such professors, colleges and universities (Ross community college in particular) need to respond to this situation in a way that address the problem and helps to reduce the number of college dropouts as a direct result of being overworked.
The Solution The solution in this particular case is a simple matter of reducing the workload given to college students who have been identified as belonging to the percentage that work while trying to attain an education. One way of doing this is to have a separate program in colleges and Universities for students who wish to work while studying at the same time can opt to enter into.
The course workloads in these programs will be considerably lighter as compared to the mainstream college programs however the length of time devoted to each individual course will be that much longer in order to make up for the lighter workload.
This benefits working students at Ross College by providing with the opportunity to balance both work and studies while at the same time allows the college and instructors to provide students with a quality education that isn’t compromised by the lighter workload.
We will write a custom Essay on Solution to Overwhelming Amount of Work in College specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, this solution fulfills the ethical responsibility of colleges, universities and instructors by providing working students a means of completing their education without being overly burdened by both a hard job and high workloads from their courses.
Body 1- (students) As mentioned earlier the problem lies in the fact that as the number of students who combine work and education increase it is inevitable that dropout rates will also increase as more students find it harder to juggle both work and their education.
Lawson (2009) indicates that such problems are further worsened by the increasing cost of a college education and as such this makes it necessary for students to support their college life by some form of part time job (Lawson, 34). By applying the special program indicated in the solution section this would enable students to sufficiently juggle both work and their educational career with few adverse consequences.
Body 2- (Ross College) Form a certain perspective it can be stated that Ross College has the ethical responsibility towards students who try to balance both their college and work life. As Rance-Roney (2011) states “schools are learning institutions and at the same time are institutions that should look beyond the limits of curriculum and truly help their students grow as individuals” (Rance-Roney, 73).
Taking this into consideration it becomes necessary to consider that Ross College needs to address the problem of increased dropout rates as a direct result of overburdened students by implementing
Body 3- (instructors) The study of Thrupp (1995) explains that the academic performance of working students tend to suffers as they attempt to balance both work and education
(Thrupp, 183 – 190). In fact it was even seen that the burden of current college curriculums as well as the problems and exhaustion associated with part time jobs becomes too much for them resulting in the desire for many to drop out of college.
Taking this into consideration, by implementing the proposed solution not only will this enable instructors to properly teach their students but it will ensure that by doing so students are able to receive a quality education as compared to what they would normally receive when under duress and exhaustion.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Solution to Overwhelming Amount of Work in College by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Counterargument to the Solution itself The inherent problem with the solution presented that it hinges on the fact that merely reducing the workload itself will result in considerable reduction in dropouts yet it neglects to take into account the fact that there other factors which may influence a person’s choice to drop out.
Financial reasons, personal reasons, or even mere boredom at the concept of continuing a college education are other factors that should be taken into account aside from merely considering the increasing dropout rates are the combined effect of working students and high course loads.
On the other hand Thrupp (1995) indicates that with the growing trend in working students it has become increasingly evident that dropouts rate are being caused by high course workloads and as such this aspect of the dropout problem should not be entirely discounted.
Alternative solution One possible alternative solution to this issue would be to limit the allowable courses taken by students who are working and studying at the same time. This would allow them to concentrate on the few subjects that they took up while at same time ensure that they are not overwhelmed by the sheer pressure of having to deal with both work and an unmanageable college workload.
While this solution does present itself as a viable alternative the fact remains that this would needlessly increase the number of years an individual would need to remain in college beyond what would be the case if workloads were decreased and the course length just slightly increased. Based on this the original solution of reducing the overall workload given per course would be a much better solution that the alternative presented.
Conclusion Based on the facts and arguments presented in the paper it can be seen that the main problem in this case is not that students are dropping out but rather it is that they are overworked with too much course work that causes them to dropout in the first place. As such the solution of implementing lighter course workload for students will help students by enabling them to successfully juggle the responsibilities of both work and their education.
Works Cited Lawson, Jessica. “College Pitfalls.” Navy Times 58.50 (2009): 34. MasterFILE Premier. Web.
Rance-Roney, Judith. “ELLS: What’s The Endgame?.” Educational Leadership 68.7 (2011): 73. MasterFILE Premier. Web.
TIMMER, MARY. “Saving For College And Other Fairy Tales.” Grand Rapids Family Magazine 23.2 (2011): 14. MasterFILE Complete. Web.
Thrupp, Martin. “The School Mix Effect: The History Of An Enduring Problem In Educational Research, Policy And Practice.” British Journal Of Sociology Of Education 16.2 (1995): 183-203. Academic Search Premier. Web.
“Fahrenheit 451” by Ray Bradbury Sample Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Fahrenheit 451: Book Review
Analysis of Fahrenheit 451’s Main Themes
Further Study: FAQ
Introduction Many societies have strategies to encourage the culture of reading. With the advent of the Internet, reading has taken a new meaning. It is easy for students, scholars, and any other text-oriented people to access books online without the need to go to the library. Physical and e-libraries have lots of materials with information on various subjects that attract different people according to their interests.
Part of the most captivating plots ever written fall in the fiction category. Novels have come to represent the very best of man’s imagination. Though most of their content is fictional, books’ storylines closely reflect the life people lead on the Earth. They seek to portray the good and the bad of the human race within various contexts as the setting permits. One of these books is “Fahrenheit 451”, a 1953 novel written by Ray Bradbury. This essay is an analysis of “Fahrenheit 451”, an example of science-fiction masterpiece. The themes, messages, characters, topics, and settings of the novel are explored in the below sections of the paper.
Fahrenheit 451: Book Review In Fahrenheit 451, a riveting story unfolds through the book’s storyline featuring a fictional future society, probably the American one, where reading is outlawed, and a ban on reading is imposed. Authorities affect the ban through burning books carried out by firemen.
When reading the novel, it is easy to agree that reading culture and freedom of expression of one’s thoughts through reading and writing is under threat of media such as television. Above all, the book reveals that people have become their worst enemies concerning reading and censorship and that the culture of ignorance and carelessness is taking its roots. There is an acute loss of intellectual thought in society.
Reading Fahrenheit 451’s provides a perfect revelation of a confused society at war with itself. Guy Montag comes home to find his wife overdosed and a new neighbor who reminds him of the unfulfilling life he leads. Despite participating in books burning, Montag is still not sure why he burns books, as evidenced by his stealing of one of the suicidal woman’s books.
Montag has a pile of books collected from the victims of book burning carried out by firemen. An argument with his wife about what to do with the stolen books opens Montag’s eyes, and he realizes his disgust for society. Montag realizes society’s pretense of happiness when he reads a poem from one of the stolen books, which makes one of his wife’s friends cry despite maintaining a “happy” life picture throughout her life (Bradbury 23).
The madness of the society’s onslaught on itself reaches the epitome when Beatty, Montag’s chief at work, orders him to burn his house. Probably from all the events, a dispute develops between Montag and the Beatty, the chief fireman. A war situation breaks out, and incineration of cities in the country takes place, a clear reflection of the permeation of confusion in society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Analysis of Fahrenheit 451’s Main Themes This section of the essay analyzes Fahrenheit 451’s themes. This kind of analysis gives the reader the perfect view of the explicit machinations of the state in promoting censorship and the flow of information. It is easy for a reader to see the blatant indictment of censorship as supported by the state. The firemen are on the government payroll, and their work is to impose a ban on books.
Through the book, the current situation in the world concerning censorship comes out. It is easy for any reader to find the current world situation concerning censorship and media gagging through a subtle and close reflection of what the book causes. But even more impressive is the precise reflection of the effects of television on society, especially concerning reading the literature.
One of the exciting insinuations in the book is the portrayal of people as their enemies. There is a blatant disregard of each other among human beings, the culture of alienation mainly fronted by the media.
In Fahrenheit 451, Mildred, Montag’s wife, is a clear representation of the current world, which is likely to turn into in the future thanks to the media. Mildred and her friends spend most of their time watching television walls in the “parlor,” intentionally ignoring the problems around them till the issues get out of control. There is the only preoccupation for them, which is the program schedule.
Clarisse helps Montag realize that what he is doing is wrong. Within that context, her character represents the voices of the reason that still exist in the chaotic world, the voices that still question the goings-on in the society despite the different obstacles that exist (Bradbury 47).
Fahrenheit 451 is every reader’s book with very infectious quoted and thought-provoking imagery, which explicitly puts the role entertainment, especially television, lack of concern for each other, and the casual attitude which has come to characterize the modern world.
The fact that the events occur in America, though fictional, is a stark reminder that repression is through book burning and is a serious event that can take place even in the most advanced society. Any reader will find it very interesting, primarily through the discovery that most of the hatred in the book comes from people themselves.
We will write a custom Essay on “Fahrenheit 451” by Ray Bradbury Sample specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More How does Fahrenheit 451 end? In summary, the novel’s finale is hopeful. The city has been destroyed by bombs, but the books continue to live in in the “book people”.
Conclusion As shown in this essay, Fahrenheit 451 is an example of masterpiece in its genre. The novel is analyzed by the scholars in numerous research papers and book reviews. Fahrenheit 451 gives any reader an opportunity to experience firsthand a 1950’s prediction of the world in the 21st century.
People have become slaves to their television sets and the Internet, people don’t bother to ask the root cause of all the crises and armed conflicts that have become characteristic of the 21st century, there is an avid promotion of violence which children access through video games; the drug problems are spiraling out of control.
Reading the book provides a deeper understanding of Montag, the main character, and how he represents the average person in the world today. Books burning and city incineration is a symbolic representation of the problems that bedevil the world mainly through entertainment enslavement.
In a nutshell, the book acts as an eye-opener and helps in comparing the current society to the Montag’s society, where TV reigns as a supreme authority. Additionally, life is fast, and all people tend to think they are happy, while in the real sense, they are not. The real picture of what people are going through comes out through the suicide attempts. It is, therefore, easy to recommend Fahrenheit 451 as the book with the true reflection of the society people live in nowadays.
Works Cited Bradbury, Ray. Fahrenheit 451. New York: Simon
The Analysis of the Peculiarities of the Cuban Special Period through the Discussion of the Ruins’ Main Character Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The history of Cuba is full of challenges which are connected with the periods of revolutions and with the Cuban Special Period of the early 1990’s. The retrospective of these historical events is presented in many literary works in which different aspects of the issues are accentuated.
Achy Obejas provided the readers with her own vision of the controversial situation in Cuba in 1990’s with the help of vivid depicting of the character of Usnavy, the protagonist of Obejas’ Ruins. Usnavy is described as a person whose suffering from the critical situation in the country depends on his inability to admit new life conditions and his impossibility to use compromises. He is used to live according his own old rules as the population of Cuba is also not ready to follow new capitalistic principles.
The revolution of 1959 changed the life of Cubans greatly. They admitted it and it became the part of their lives. Achy Obejas left Cuba together with her parents at a very tender age, but the memories of Cuba kept her peeping into what life would have been without the revolution, and what life is with the coming of the revolution. Moreover, she considered not only significant social but also political aspects of the process:
For the US Cuban writer and poet Achy Obejas, being Cuban in the United States has meant realizing and accepting that her parents’ anti-Communist politics as well as their decision to leave Cuba marked her early on as an exile (Mirabal 367).
Achy Obejas in her Ruins offered an exact picture of the occurrences in the post- revolution era and in the Cuban Special Period when all the old ideals and principles of the Cuban society were ruined. That is why it is necessary to examine the peculiarities of portraying of the character of Usnavy from the point of new historicist criticism. It is important because according to Whitney, “how we understand the revolutionary process determines how we interpret revolutionary (or counter revolutionary) events” (Whitney 3).
Why can the character of Usnavy be considered as the metaphor for the processes in Cuba during the Cuban Special Period? Achy Obejas depicted the Usnavy in Ruins as a middle-aged native Cuban who worked at a grocery. Thus, he was a typical representative of the Cuban society of that period. However, the main problem of Usnavy which is the source of his inner conflicts is his high principles and strong beliefs in the ideas of the revolution.
We can state that Obejas uses the depiction of the character of Usnavy in order to tell the story of Cuba and represent the positions of that part of the Cuban population which supported the ideals of the revolution and was not ready to admit new conditions. “For average Cubans, however, day to day social relations are already dominated by a kind of petty-capitalism in the legal and illegal market place, both within and outside the country” (Whitney 7).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The tragedy of Usnavy is in the fact that he continued to live in the world of his illusions connected with the ideals of the revolution. He did not admit the situation when Cuba appeared to face the period of ruins.
Most Cubans ‘calmly’ went about their daily businesses for a while, trying hard to live a normal life when all signs of normality had disappeared. People lost their jobs but they often tried to conduct themselves as if nothing had changed. Factories closed. The fact that the state continued to pay them helped soften – or at least delay – the blow. Food, cloths, and other basic necessities were severely rationed (Whitney 5).
In her novel Obejas explains that the conditions of Usnavy’s life and the peculiarities of his reality were the result of his non-compromising standing on his principles. He preferred protecting his integrity to any other interest. In Ruins Usnavy is portrayed as the person who never shunted at every opportunity, he waited for his own turn and shared only that he could be allowed.
Obejas has done a good job painting a vivid picture of poverty in Cuba. She also depicted those people who refused leaving the country, and those who were not very patriotic and could not bear the heat of remaining in Cuba at the height of the countries challenges.
Usnavy did not understand those people who were ready to go to the USA in order to find normal conditions of life. How was it possible to live according to the principles of capitalism after the period of socialism? However, Usnavy discovered for himself these principles with the help of his lamp. Obejas paints his love for the lamp as thus:
In the damp and acrid tenement, the lamp was a vibrant African moon in a room that was by nature spectral. It was delicate and oversized in a place that demanded discretion and toughness – if it swayed, it might shatter against the concrete (Obejas 68).
Usnavy’s faced the issues of capitalistic principles when he became to evaluate his lamp which could be those one of Tiffany. It could have some price. That is why he sold it. However, the image of the lamp followed him, and he became to look for in the houses which were destructed.
We will write a custom Essay on The Analysis of the Peculiarities of the Cuban Special Period through the Discussion of the Ruins’ Main Character specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, he became aware of the significance of dollars when the situation of his poverty grew to be critical. An interesting twist happened to him when his neighbor asked him to help drive an American. He was paid in dollars, and the life he lived with the dollars was not something he wanted to miss.
He became to think of what he could sell to make more dollars, and no other ideas came to him than that of the lamp, justifying his action on the fact that the dollar was the only currency that at the moment can put food on a family table. Thus, many people in Cuba had to change their viewpoints because of the great necessity.
Obejas’ use of the lamp in the novel can emphasize ‘the light’ which represents the socialism as the light which Usnavy and the Cuban people had. The coming across of new light represents the entrance of capitalism into the Cuban market, and finally the class formations that were created as the result of the increase of the meaning of the dollar. Whitney reported the entrance of the dollar in that period as following:
At the same time foreign investment was encouraged. Spaniards, Mexicans, Venezuelans, Brazilians, and Canadians started to invest in tourism, mining, and other industries (Whitney 7).
In the situation of spreading of the principles of capitalism in Cuba the Cuban peso’s value was so poor that working people did not see the need living their poor lives in the country anymore. However, those who worked in some new and booming industries such tourism were those ones who lived quite successfully.
In her work Achy Obejas accentuated that the USA, at some point in this struggle, had significant influence on the Cuban people as a nation. She discussed the idea that less patriotic citizens like she lived in the shadows of the American dream:
After thirty-five years of revolution and scores of imported allied laundry detergent as well as the occasional domestic product—everybody still referred to the powdery stuff as fab, as if they couldn’t shake the long northern shadow even in matters as simple as that (Obejas 105).
The distance between Cuba and the United State of America is roughly ninety miles. However, the difference in the political and social ways of the countries is great.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Analysis of the Peculiarities of the Cuban Special Period through the Discussion of the Ruins’ Main Character by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Cuban special Period was characterized by a lot of significant changes in the life of the country. “Along with the social and economic changes came an important political change” (Whitney 7). Many people were very frustrated by the situation in which they experienced themselves.
Examining of the vivid author’s depiction of the character of Usnavy allows the readers to look into the situation in Cuba in the early 1990’s more deeply and to consider all its important details. Usnavy is one of those who suffered from great disillusions, from wrong idealism and from the obvious incapacity to play according to some new rules which were dictated by the modern situation in the society.
He proved his position according to his principles of a real revolutionist. However, the Cuban Special Period played a very significant role in the progress of the country in 1990’s. It can be considered as coming of the new age which developed rather dramatically. Thus, it had a number of its victims who suffered from new rules and principles greatly.
In her novel Achy Obejas presented the unique character of Usnavy as the definite vivid metaphor for depicting of the critical situation in Cuba during the special period of the early 1990’s. The author succeeded in portraying of the peculiarities of the everyday life of the Cuban people who faced the challenging situation of numerous significant changes in the country which touched every sphere of their life and resulted in some controversial effects.
Works Cited Mirabal, Nancy Raquel. “Ser de Aqui: Beyond the Cuban Exile Model”. Latino Studies 1 (2003): 366-382. Print.
Obejas, Achy. Ruins. New York: Akashic Books, 2009.
Whitney, Bob. “Is the Cuban Revolution Dead? An Historian’s Reflection”. Labor Capital and Society. 28.1 (April 30, 1995): 95.
Software Documentation Research Paper a level english language essay help
Introduction Software engineering is a concept that has received significant recognition as a result of the massive increase in technological advancement around the world. Many engineers engage in processes of designing software that is essential at both individual and corporate level. Some of these processes call for particular approaches in ensuring that the specifications of what is designed to meet the standards and needs of customers (Davis, 1990).
In addressing this concern, it has been noted that the notion of software documentation should not be underestimated as it plays core roles in software engineering. This research paper analyses the concept of software documentation by focusing on the sub field of software requirements as applied in software design.
Documentation Software documentation refers to a written text which usually accompanies most computer software after they have been designed. In essence, software documentation serves an informative role in explaining how particular software work or how to use in performing different tasks (Wiegers, 2003).
As result, software documentation differentiates the functionality of given software depending on the roles being performed by an individual. When talking about software documentation, one has to consider a number of things. In other words, there are basic things which define documentation or, which have to be present for it to serve its rightful purpose effectively.
For instance, documentation contains software features, which are core in understanding how the software operates. What are features? A feature is simply a service normally provided by a given system with an aim of satisfying the needs of stakeholders, which could be one or more (Hartman, Proeme
MAVEN Mission on Mars Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Examining the Purpose of the MAVEN
Sustaining Human Life on Mars
The Differences Involved
Introduction Set to launch in 2013 the MAVEN which standards for Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN will be an exploratory satellite that will examine the upper atmosphere of Mars and will attempt to determine its interaction with the Sun and solar winds.
What must be understood is that there are currently various theories which make assumptions regarding the previous state of Mars several million years ago. It is theorized that Mars used to be a planet with a stable oxygen based atmosphere and flowing water but due to some event lost its ability to sustain an atmosphere conducive to life.
Taking this into consideration, NASA along with a science team from the University of Colorado will attempt to examine the atmosphere for not only traces of an oxygen based atmosphere in the past but also of the current state of the Martian atmosphere. It is actually quite interesting to note that based on the work of Updike (2008) examining the current state of Mars can actually be considered a way of looking at the future of the planet Earth (Updike, 86).
There will eventually come a time wherein the Earth will be unable to sustain its own atmosphere and will slowly transform into a Mars like planet. By examining the current state of the Martian atmosphere as well as the degree of interaction it undergoes with the Sun and solar wind it can actually be determined whether people on Earth could possible live on Mars like environment should worse come to worse.
Examining the Purpose of the MAVEN The instruments onboard the MAVEN consist of magnetometer, a Solar Wind Ion Analyzer, Solar Energetic Particle Analyzer an Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer and other similar instruments used to examine the condition of a planets upper atmosphere.
One of the goals of the project, as indicated by various press releases and posts from NASA, is to assess the potential for future colonization on the planet and to determine whether life could exist on the Martian surface depending on what is currently know about the ability or organisms to survive in adverse conditions. What must be understood is that the atmosphere of a planet and its interaction with the Sun and Solar Wind largely dictates the ability of life to form.
A planet such as Mars which has a relatively thin level of protection due to a compromised atmosphere has a surface that is exposed to direct solar rays and solar radiation as direct effect of this. While it is true that sunlight was one of the initial factors that helped life to thrive on Earth the fact still remains that excessive quantities of sunlight and solar radiation can have a sterilizing effect on a planet’s surface in effect wiping out all traces of life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More If the MAVEN is able to determine that the Martian atmosphere has indeed this level of deterioration that means that for future searches for possible life on Mars the surface may not be the most ideal location to check. Thus future exploration of the Mars for signs of life may involve digging into caves, fissures or other locations not directly affected by solar rays or radiation and as such may yield more positive results for the search of life outside Earth.
Sustaining Human Life on Mars Another effect of the MAVEN mission is to judge the ability of Mars to sustain human life in the future and what would be necessary in order to ensure that a human colony would be sustainable. Just as solar radiation affects the ability of life to sustain itself on the Martian surface this also severely limits the ability of humans to effectively live on its surface.
Factors related to the degree of radiation, the temperature of the planet, the level of ion dispersion within the atmosphere and the ability of solar wind to affect the Martian surface are all factors that need to be taken into consideration when examining the possible establishment of a colony.
Readings from the MAVEN mission would help to determine what sort of protection would be needed on the first manned mission to Mars, what should buildings be composed of should a colony be established on the planets surface and what sort of filters would e necessary in order to establishment a sufficient agricultural center on the planet.
Furthermore, atmospheric readings taken by the MAVEN can also help to determine whether terraforming the planet in the future is at all possible. If the degree of atmospheric degradation has been determined to exceed the level necessary for the sufficient development of a habitable ecosystem this would go a long way towards determining humanity’s future course of action regarding off-world colonization.
The Differences Involved What makes the MAVEN mission exciting lies in the fact that while there have been missions in the past which have explored the quality of the Martian atmosphere from the surface of the planet there have been no studies which have precisely examined the current state of the Martian upper atmosphere from space.
One of the reasons behind this has been an overall lack in sufficient technology and willpower to even get the project underway in the first place. What most individuals fail to notice is the fact that the recent global financial recession which occurred as a direct result of toxic subprime mortgage debt has in effectively limited numerous potential space programs from getting underway.
We will write a custom Essay on MAVEN Mission on Mars specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is actually quite and expensive affair involving billions of dollars in technological expenses as well as staff expenses. Taking this into consideration the sheer cost of the MAVEN mission which is estimated at several billion dollars is quite amazing especially when comparing it to the problems the U.S. economy is currently facing.
Conclusion This paper would like to conclude that despite the inherent costs and problems associated with space exploration and space, it is actually a very important and vital step for the future of mankind that people attempt to explore your solar system sooner rather than later.
No one really knows how long the planet Earth can sustain life or if it is already on the verge of being unable to sustain life in the future. It is based on this exploratory missions such as the MAVEN help to examine the current state of planets within the solar system in order to determine their viability as either future homes or as mirrors into what could possibly be Earth’s coming future.
Works Cited NASA . https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/maven/overview/index.html MAVEN. NASA, N.I.. Web.
Updike, John. “Visions Of Mars.” National Geographic 214.6 (2008): 86. MasterFILE Premier. Web.
Data resource management Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Data resources management
The affect of the specific technology on organizations
Recommendation on how to mitigate the effects of the technology
In the recent past, technology has increasingly been adopted in organizations. It assists in developing efficiency and thus customer satisfaction. The competitiveness of a business is vested on the quality of its management decisions. A number of systems that aim at meeting a certain objective in the business arena have been developed. They are either home-made or all user systems (commercial systems).
One area that has gained much advocacy from the potential benefits an organization can derive from is data-resources management; data resources management involves using information and communication systems to develop a data warehouse where management can refer when making corporate decisions (Johnson, 2008). This paper discusses the effect that Data resources management has on an organization, it will use Toyota Corporation as the sample company.
Data resources management Data resources management cannot be given a single definition but it entails a combination of issues and processes. They are intangible assets which are unique to different business and can be improved with experience and information interpolation. The most important factors that are considered are human assets that companies have.
Human beings have different talents and capabilities; however tapping this asset requires strategic operation and management. Other than utilizing the knowledge and experience that the employees have, there is the need to use available information to grow and develop knowledge and expertise in employees.
Information can be internal and external information and how well the information is utilized can result to growth of knowledge; effectiveness, and efficiency in doing business. To effectively utilize information, organizations should move from information hoarding to sharing of information that they are holding for the benefit of others; this is son despite that there are some private information that a company (Singh
Watching the Poker Faces of Your Ego: Read Its Lips Essay scholarship essay help
Among the topics that the book by Tolle offers, the forgetfulness of ego seems one of the most enticing issues to consider. Introducing the idea of life as a process with its stages floating from one into another, interchanging and intertwining with each other, the concept of human forgetfulness is one of the bases that prevents people from learning the lessons from the new experienced and at the same time leaves out the issues that serve as the basis and the fundament of a person’s spirit and soul.
However, one of the most specific elements that make the concept of forgetfulness more complicated is the selectivity, which presupposes that people remember certain events, which forgetting the ones that are supposed to be more essential; hence, it cannot be denied that the issue of human forgetfulness is one of the most topical ones in the process of self-cognition.
Despite the fact that forgetfulness is one of the qualities that people are most inclined to, there can be no possible doubt that the given feature of human character prevents people from developing spiritually and morally, which makes the given problem quite a topical issue that requires thorough considerations.
Among the most essential types of forgetfulness that Tolle marks, the forgetfulness of being is the basic reason for people to feel that they are far from reaching the state of moral and spiritual perfection; moreover, the larger their forgetfulness grows, the more detached from the opportunity for a self-perfection they are. As Tolle emphasizes,
Ego is a conglomeration of recurring though forms and conditioned mental-emotional patterns that are invested with the sense of I, a sense of self. Ego arises when your sense of Beingness, of “I Am,” which is formless consciousness, gets mixed up with form. This is the meaning of identification. This is forgetfulness of Being, the primary error, the illusion of absolute separateness that turns reality into a nightmare. (Tolle 36)
Therefore, it is obvious that Tolle conveys the idea that the process of forgetting is closely intertwined with the one of losing oneself and the touch with the world. In the given case, Tolle approaches the idea expressed by Einstein – the kind of an optical delusion for people’s consciousness. As Einstein said, “This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us” (English 126 Course Documents).
Therefore, it is worth keeping in mind that the forgetfulness of ego can also take the shapes of a sin and the idea that is not to cross one’s mind. Although forgetting does leave certain feeling of relief, one must remember that the state of forgetting, like any other blissful state, leaves a person in a certain dependency on the given pleasure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Logically, there are certain norms and postulates in the modern society that must not be abandoned under any pretext, whether it is the forgetfulness or the desire to live according to one’s own standards. Hence, the action of forgetting something or someone also harms one’s personality considerably, leaving the scars that cannot be healed. As Tolle explains, the given state results in quite deplorable consequences:
This results in a total unawareness of my connectedness with the whole, my intrinsic oneness with every “other” as well as with the Source. This forgetfulness is original sin, suffering, delusion. When this delusion of utter separateness underlies and governs whatever I think, say, and do, what kind of world do I create? (Tolle 18)
Therefore, it cannot be doubted that the state of forgetfulness does have its “side effects” and the consequences that are to be avoided to reach the highest level of self-development and enlightenment. Once taking the wrong step that is likely to lead to the wrong conclusions, one will hardly be able to take the correct course and understand what misconceptions the confusion has led him/her to. Thus, the issue of forgetfulness is quite complicated and involves certain controversy.
Hence, it can be concluded that the clockwork of the process of forgetting is still unclear and, moreover, can be hardly controlled by a human being.
Nevertheless, since the forgetfulness of ego is something that allows a person to evolve and does not fill people with the regret over the mistakes that were made in the past, the given quality can be considered rather a blessing than a negative trait of a character.
Taking a personal experience as an example of the way in which forgetfulness works, I have to add that in my case, forgetfulness played quite a controversial role in the development of my own personality.
Once forgetting about my own connectedness with the whole and deciding that there is no link between me and the rest of the people, I barely lost the touch to my relatives and friends and faced the threat of losing my own self, which was rather unpleasant experience. However, now that I can remember about the wholeness of the world and myself, I can feel that my ego has been restored.
We will write a custom Essay on Watching the Poker Faces of Your Ego: Read Its Lips specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Tolle, Eckhart. A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose. Weatherford, OK First Plum Printing, 2006. Print.
The Kiss of the Spider Woman and Politics in Argentina in 1960s-1970s Research Paper cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Political Climate in Argentina in the 1960s and 1970s
Kiss of the Spider Woman and Politics in Argentina
Manuel Puig’s Biography and His Novel
Introduction Kiss of the Spider Woman by Manuel Puig uses the political and cultural environment of Argentina in the 1960s and 1970s to put across its themes. The novel focuses on two main characters imprisoned in the same cell for a period of six months: Molina, a window-dresser and a homosexual, and Valentin, a political activist with Marxist revolutionary ideologies. Valentin is convicted of political activism while Molina is convicted of perversion.
While in prison, Molina tells Valentin fantasy stories of melodramatic romance, which Valentin, at first, is reluctant to listen to (Puig 11). He bemoans Molina’s pursuance of romantic illusions instead of propagating political activism. Nevertheless, Molina’s stories, somehow, infiltrates Valentin’s heart and she falls for him before getting intimate. Molina, upon his release, agrees to relay pertinent information from Valentin to other revolutionaries.
The central theme of the novel regards the conflict between emotions/ desires, and political activism or Marxist revolutionary; issues that were rife in Argentina in the 1970s. In Latin America, the 1970s witnessed political polarization occasioned by the Cold War with the rightists (fascists) on one hand and leftists (communists) on the other. The Kiss of the Spider Woman is a critique of political fascism in Argentina in the 1970s.
The Political Climate in Argentina in the 1960s and 1970s Historically, the colonization of Argentina by Spain started by in the 16th century ending in late 19th century. The Catholic missionaries assisted, in part, in the colonization process by introducing Christianity to the natives (Gottlieb 106). Lewis, while explaining how a country like Argentina that manifests Christian attributes and values becomes politically and socially repressive, remarks, “this is how we became fascists, the peasants are poorer today than they were five decades ago” (118).
Similarly, in the novel, the political struggle between the ideals of Marxist philosophy as championed by Valentin and the repressive regime. His revolutionary ideals transcend personal desires; he aims to free the society from oppression. On the other hand, Molina, at first, had no interest in political activism and thus, showed no effort for political and social empowerment of the society including the gay people.
The 1966 military coup led to a “prolonged fascist tyranny that only ended in 1983 with the return of constitutional democracy” (Lewis 78). In 1966, a military coup staged by Juan Peron’s supporters against the incumbent military leadership, helped him to reclaim power.
He had previously served as the president of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 before a military coup in the same year overthrew him from power (Stein, and Shane 223). After reclaiming power, Peron turned against the leftist and instead, favored a repressive rightist leadership after surviving a series of coups in 1970 and 1971. He died in 1974, and his widow, Martinez de Peron assumed power and continued with the repressive rule.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The period from 1974 to 1983 was the worst period in Argentina’s history and was called “the dirty war” or “peronism” (Lewis 122). The period was characterized by the junta military rule and violent oppression of many people through imprisonment, executions, and torture, and the “disappearance of dissidents opposing the regime” (Gottlieb 108) bordered anarchy.
The country experienced a “protracted fascist rule by the junta military, characterized by a one-party rule” (Lewis 80), during this period. As a result, the social and democratic rights of the citizenry were suppressed.
Kiss of the Spider Woman and Politics in Argentina Politics in the Kiss of the Spider woman, a novel set in Argentina, comes out in the conversations between Valentin, a political activist, and Molina, a “homosexual convicted eight years for seducing a minor” (Puig 15).
The two happen to share a prison cell for six months during which the political dynamics and politics of sexuality emerge out of their conversations. The conversations reveal Molina’s political vulnerability arising from his sexual orientation as well as his social disempowerment, which motivates him to befriend the power elite and betray his former cellmate, Valentin.
While in prison, the unsuspecting Valentin gives a detailed account of their revolutionary operations, including the fact that, they use elaborate codes to communicate and further their activities under the tyrannical regime. At the time, (1970s), in Argentina, the military rule of the junta was feared and notorious for the political repression, imprisonment, and executions of political activists (Lewis 81).
In the novel, Molina accepts Valentin’s revolutionary ideologies while in prison and even agrees to convey serious messages to Valentin’s comrades. The junta releases Molina from prison for ineffectuality; however, Valentin’s colleagues perceive him as effectual given what he knows about their operations and murder him. Meanwhile, the junta had schemed to leak information to the effect that Molina heard Valentin confess of his political operations.
The same blackmail tactics and political betrayal characterized the politics in Argentina. During the 1970s, in Argentina, a series of coups took place. In 1973, Juan Peron took power after a coup staged by his supporters (Gottlieb 109). He subsequently turned against the leftist political activism in favor of right wing leadership that continued to enact oppressive policies including political detention and torture. In the novel, Valentin is subjected to cruelty and torture over involvement in revolutionary (leftist) activities.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Kiss of the Spider Woman and Politics in Argentina in 1960s-1970s specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The narrative strategy used in Kiss of the Spider Woman is largely bleak and not straightforward with regard to peasant rights prevalent in the 1970s. Molina reveals a lifestyle devoid of concern for social or political rights under a repressive rule. He does not reflect on his moral rights as well as those of the peasants, even though at one time, he talks of his “villainous character” as that of any social being (Puig 48). Agrarian reform policies, which were largely capitalistic in Latin America, affected many livelihoods (Lewis 119).
The Marxist struggle in the 1970s was both a “political struggle and a struggle for social values for the oppressed peasantry” (Lewis 78). In the novel, Molina initiates the conversations, which had the effect of enhancing friendship between the two cellmates.
His questions to Valentin encourage him to reveal details of his revolutionary operations and to describe himself as a Marxist revolutionary (Puig 27). Indeed, in the 1970s, which is the period when the Kiss of the Spider Woman was written, the political climate in Latin America countries was polarized with rightist regimes oppressing leftist revolutionaries and ideologies.
In Argentina, the rightist regime comprising of the military junta, “tortured and killed political dissidents”, (Lewis 125) as they competed for power. In the novel, Valentin remarks, “I don’t want to be a political martyr, right now I wonder whether this whole revolution hasn’t been a tremendous mistake on my part” (Puig 177). This reflects the guerrilla leftist movements that were common in Argentina during this period.
Manuel Puig’s Biography and His Novel Manuel Puig, the author of The Kiss of the Spider Woman, was born and raised in Argentina’s General Villegas. In his youth, Puig developed a fascination for Hollywood films that he used to watch in cinemas then. He later studied at Buenos Aires University and at Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia, where he studied cinema production (Levine 69).
He worked as an assistant film director in many cities including Paris and Buenos Aires from 1955 to 1964 when he turned to writing. His position as an independent socialist meant that he could not live or work under the increasingly repressive climate of Argentina (Levine 71). Therefore, he left Argentina in the 1970s, living in various cities including New York, Mexico and later Rio de Janeiro (Levine 71).
Manuel Puig’s early interest in pop culture is evident; this subsequently shaped his career choice and literary works. Additionally, his early involvement in “screenwriting and film production” (Levine 70) is reflected in his literary works including this novel. The novel involves a non-conventional narrative style not common in many literary works.
It blends literary and non-literary forms derived from the film genre as reflected in Molina character. In fact, Molina highlights the author’s fascination with films in the novel. Molina spends time telling Valentin a story about Hollywood films, which fascinates him. Besides challenging the conventional literary forms, Puig’s novel challenges the conventional cultural and social values.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Kiss of the Spider Woman and Politics in Argentina in 1960s-1970s by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Molina is homosexual who is convicted for seducing a minor and while in prison, he gets romantically involved with his cellmate. The author’s earlier experience in working in many countries and diverse cultures must have influenced his criticisms towards political, social, and cultural practices in his native country, Argentina. As a result, he favored Marxist philosophy against the repressive fascist rule.
Conclusion In 1970s, Argentina experienced a series of coups that culminated in a fascist junta rule that orchestrated atrocities against the citizenry. Most notorious were the executions, torture, and the “disappearance” of leftist political activists.
The central theme of the novel, the Kiss of the Spider Woman relates to the author’s early experiences under this rule. Valentin shows stubborn dedication to “his revolutionary activities and political cause” (Puig 29) under the repressive rule. In the novel, the author challenges the repressive leadership and favors Marxist ideologies rather than the fascist one-party rule (Lewis 79).
Works Cited Gottlieb, Julie. “Right-Wing Women in Women’s History: A Global Perspective: Introduction”. Journal of Women’s History 16.3 (2004): 106-107.
Levine, Suzanne. Manuel Puig and the Spider Woman: His Life and Fictions. New York: Farrar, Straus and Girouz, 2000.
Lewis, Paul. Guerrillas and Generals: The Dirty War in Argentina. London: Praeger, 2001.
Puig, Manuel. The Kiss of the Spider Woman. Trans. Thomas Colchie. New York: Random House Inc, 1978.
Stein, Stanley, and Hunt Shane. “Principal Currents in the Economic Historiography of Latin America”. Journal of Economic History 31.1 (1971): 222–253.
An analysis of Robert Pickton Term Paper essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Robert Pickton’s biography
Introduction Human behavior and personality studies have been fundamental in understanding people in the societies, they attempt to find reasons for their behaviour and find ways of resolving them.
Every country’s crime and justice department depends on psychologists and sociologists who are knowledgeable about behavioral and psychological theories, these people are capable of providing useful information in understanding criminals and ways of preventing the occurrences of their crimes. This paper uses Sigmund Freud’s personality theory to analyze Robert Pickton, a British Columbian convicted of murder.
Robert Pickton’s biography Robert Pickton was born in 1948 to a family with one sister and a brother. Robert grew up in Port Coquitlam on a family farm. Their mother was their primary care giver as their father was least involved in their upbringing. His mother was very strict, making them perform hard work for long hours.
This work included taking care of their farm animals as well as slaughtering the animals occasionally. Though his father was not involved in his early life, he abused Robert and his siblings, seeing them as losers. Because of this, Robert had a poor relationship with his parents.
In school, Robert was no better as he had poor relationships with people. Children shunned Robert, and he had low grades, with an IQ of 86. Later, Robert dropped half way through school to become a meat cutter. As he grew older, Robert began experimenting with hard drugs such as cocaine and this was the beginning of his encounters with the law. In 1992, Robert was arrested for sexual assault and arrested for attempted murder five years later. The attempted murder charges were dropped for lack of evidence.
However, his behaviours became worse as he lured prostitutes to his farm and murdered them after engaging in sexual activities with them. Robert slaughtered his victims and fed their remains to pigs. Analyzing Robert’s behaviour and personality requires a deep examination of his actions using a theory that tracks his upbringing. Sigmund Feud’s personality theory does this (Hall, 2005).
Discussion Sigmund Freud argues that the human mind is divided into id, ego and the super ego, whose interaction determines the individual’s personality. The id exists in the unconscious part of the mind, and consists of instinctual unadulterated energies. It demands immediate gratification of needs, so if an individual is controlled by the id, the individual cannot wait or reason out their needs. They want it, and will have it at that particular time.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The id’s response to body needs is reflexive. The ego, which operates on a reality principle, matches the demands of the id with real world objects and events. In the case of hunger, the ego would make an individual seek food to satisfy the hunger. The last division is the super ego, which reminds the individual of the moral values of the society.
The super ego develops through internalization of values as people grow up. As children grow up, their parents teach them the acceptable behaviour through rewards and punishment. The child slowly learns what is good as well as what is bad. In the case of hunger, the super ego would instruct the individual to either ask for food, cook or buy food instead of stealing.
Without the development of the upper ego, the id identifies the hunger and the ego associates it with food, therefore leaving the individual to obtain the food in any way possible. In addition to the internalization of moral values, the super ego is always in a constant strife for perfection, which makes it as unrealistic as the id. Therefore, the ego interplays between the two extremes. In Robert’s case, there was poor development in the relationship between these three components of the mind.
The ego was unable to control the id, so the id controlled his behaviour, as the super ego had no function at all. He acted on impulse to gratify his needs. His killing behaviour indicated an underlying need that he needed to gratify. Instead of seeking moral ways of satisfying this need, he killed his victims.
The underlying need that Robert had is also a subject of concern because it explains his overall personality. Because of the difficult task the ego has, interplaying and creating harmony between the id and the super ego, sometimes it becomes overwhelmed and seeks ways of defending itself.
Sigmund Freud calls these ways “defense mechanisms’, where the ego unconsciously blocks or distorts unwanted impulses into less threatening forms. Freud identifies several mechanisms that the ego uses to defend itself, they are denial, repression, displacement, projection, reaction formation, rationalization, intellectualization, and regression.
Robert’s case resembles a number of these mechanisms, especially displacement and repression. Displacement refers to a situation where an individual directs an impulse towards a substitute target, which is less threatening than the intended targets. From his childhood, it is evident that Robert had a poor relationship with his parents, as his mother made him work too hard for too long and his father abused him.
We will write a custom Term Paper on An analysis of Robert Pickton specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He must have repressed negative feelings towards his parents, which he released in killing prostitutes. Prostitutes are less threatening and easy as targets, compared to his parents or males. In addition to this, Robert lacked love, and that is why he sought for love in his pigs, as he could kill, slaughter his victims and feed them to his pigs. There is also an account of Robert witnessing his brother kill someone with a truck. Robert must have repressed this traumatic experience making him more violent.
Freud argued that the sex drive was the most important of all impulses, as it encompassed every aspect of humanity, hence being the primary motivating force. In his explanation, sexuality means any pleasurable sensation. Because of this, he discussed human personality development through psychosexual stages.
The psychosexual theory contains stages which indicate an individual’s development process. The individual must successfully pass each stage in order to have a desirable personality. Additionally, the success of one stage depends on the success of the previous stage.
Every stage has a need that the individual must fulfill. When the needs of one stage are poorly fulfilled either through over or under gratification, then fixation occurs. This leads to poor development or to the development of faulty personality traits. The periods are divided into oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages (Hergenhahn
Cultures of the Middle East Essay argumentative essay help
Introduction The Middle East is a region situated between the western part of Asia and northern Africa. At times this region is also known as the Near East. The history of the region is rich and stretches back into the ancient times. Historically, this region has been the main center of world affairs.
This region is well known to be the home for some of the world’s great religions including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Middle Eastern countries consist of various cultural and sectarian groups who have lived together in harmony and, somewhat, shared a common geographical, environmental and cultural setting.
However, an observer of a number of events present in the Middle East may easily notice serious clashes among some groups which led, in some cases, to armed struggle and produced complexity at various levels. It is observable that the ongoing intervention of external powers and the creation of the state of “Israel” in 1948 have harmfully contributed to the unsteadiness situation in the Middle East on many fronts.
As a result of the above-mentioned factors, a controversial view has emerged and popularized. This view claim that the Middle East is not only consisting of varied conflicting cultural groups fighting each other, but also experiencing difficulties in interacting with each other on various levels, including the cultural level (Salzman (b), p 5). This paper will provide a critical analysis of the cultural aspects in the Middle East.
Cultural and Sectarian Groups in the Middle East Culture can be defined as a shared set of beliefs, traditions and behaviors that is shaped by various aspects including ethnicity, nationality, religion, and language among other factors. The Middle East consists of well over twenty countries which have different religious, ethnic, and linguistic groups.
Despite these variations, the people of the Middle East have common norms and values which are shared among themselves. Previously, the Middle East has been portrayed as a desert region that is characterized by nomadic lifestyle. Also, this region has closely been associated with oil wealth and territorial and religious conflicts. Though this is true about the region, it has to be noted that there are more aspects related to this region.
Life in the Middle East is quite complex to be comprehended as simple since there are various variables which influence the way in which people live in this region. It is worth to note that a common thread known to be running through the Middle Eastern society is the importance that has been placed on the family institution and values that emanate from a solid extended family ties such as loyalty, honor and respect (Salzman (b), p 16).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Middle East is characterized by various cultural and sectarian groups. The cultural groups include the Persians, Arabs and the Jews. Predominantly, the Jews are found in Israel whereas the Persians are found in Iran. The Arabs form the bulk of the people found in the Middle East.
The other cultural groups found in the Middle East include the Turks and the Kurds. Sectarian groups in the region include Hamas, Hezbollah, Beter youth organization, and the Kahanists, among others. The sectarian and the cultural groups in the Middle East are deeply engaged in the politics of the region (Davis, p 555).
The Middle East underwent very little changes after the end of the colonial period. The politics of the region are characterized by sectarian alliances such as the Sunni, Shi’as, and the Kurds in Iraq; Muslims and Christians in Lebanon; Muslims and Copts in Egypt; Turks and Kurds in Turkey; and Sunnis and Shi’as in Saudi Arabia among others. The society in the Middle East is first comprised of groups that prioritize ethnic loyalty (Salzman (a), p 840).
In this case, national identity is often trumped upon in the pursuit of ethnic identity. This has been claimed to be the reason for the instability that is being experienced in the region. This characteristic has paved way for the development of authoritarian rule that is widespread in the region with the exception of Israel and Turkey (Davis, p 555).
The Middle East is known to be the origin of three monotheist religions including Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Each of the religion lays emphasis on peaceful co-existence and tolerance.
Judaism refers to peace, equality and tolerance; Islam is said to be a religion founded on peace; while Christianity is said to be a religion based on peace and love. The various religions in the region draw their inspirations from ancient texts and have common rules and beliefs. For instance, Islam and Judaism have similar dietary rules and view religion as a foundation for civil law.
The three religions also share prophets. Jesus is significant among the Christians and Muslims, though Muslims also follow the teachings of Prophet Muhammad. Religion plays a central role in the lives of the people in the Middle East (Salzman (b), p 31). Among the Muslims, Friday is considered a holy day; Judaism regard Saturday as their holy day whereas Christians holy day is on Sunday.
We will write a custom Essay on Cultures of the Middle East specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “Cultural” and “sectarian” groups in the Middle East The Middle East is characterized by both cultural and sectarian groups. Cultural groups are those organizations that champion for the enhancement of certain cultural identity. The examples, as mentioned earlier, include the Kurds, Turks, Arabs, Jews, and the Persians.
On the other hand, the sectarian groups are those that base their discrimination and hatred towards others on religious differences; political differences; class differences; and factional or regional differences. Such groups in the Middle East include the Hamas, Hezbollah, Beter youth organization, and the Kahanists, among others.
These organizations have turned to orthodox means in advancing their objectives. Most of them have sanctioned violence in fulfilling their objectives. Most of the groups in the Middle East can be termed as sectarian. This is because the various groups are entangled in the advancement of the group’s objectives based on religious, political, class, regional or factional differences (Bates and Rassam, p 25).
The Hamas is an Islamic resistance movement which claims to represent the Sunni Islamic organization that has been democratically elected to represent the Palestinians. Hamas is engaged in armed conflict with Israel and has adopted terrorist tactics in fighting for the ‘rights’ of the Palestinians.
They do not recognize the existence of the state of Israel and call for its destruction. Hezbollah on its part is a Lebanese Islamic Shiite organization and political party. It is also known as ‘the Party of God’. Hezbollah was formed in 1982 after Israel invaded Lebanon. Hezbollah is a radical Islamist group that aims to achieve two objectives. First, the organization aims at getting rid of Israel forces from the Southern Lebanon; and secondly, Hezbollah aims to establish an Islamic republic in Lebanon (Bates and Rassam, p 27).
Hezbollah has been associated with terrorist activities against the United States and Israel. Essentially, the group has been engaging in guerrilla warfare against Israel occupation in Southern Lebanon. Hezbollah continues to enjoy support from the Muslim world with Iran and Iraq known to give material and logistic support to the group. In Israel, there are various sectarian and cultural groups such as the Beter youth movement and the Kahanists.
The Beter youth organization is known to promote violence in its mission to defend Israel. The Kahanists on the other hand are a racist extremist religious movement. Even though this group has been outlawed from the Israel government, it still influences political views. The group is known for its call on violence against the Palestinians (Bates and Rassam, p 43).
The Middle East is comprised various ethnic communities which include the Arabs, Persians, Turks, Berbers, Jews, and Kurds among others. Most of the countries in the region are multi-ethnic (Baehr, p 394). However, this has not come with benefits as it has been associated with conflicts that are prevalent in the region.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cultures of the Middle East by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For instance, the Kurds who are widespread across the region have engaged in armed conflicts seeking to establish an independent Kurdistan state. The Hamas and the Hezbollah are also engaged in an armed conflict against Israel occupation (Bates and Rassam, p 47).
The Impact of imperial powers and the establishment of “Israel” on the people and culture of the Middle East The establishment of the state of Israel at the heart to the Middle Eastern society has had major impacts on the cultural aspect of the region. This has also greatly impacted on the ongoing conflicts and problems in the Middle East. The conflict being experienced in the Middle East cannot be analyzed outside the cultural context (Baehr, p 394).
It has been noted that the 7th century Arab culture impacted on Islam and the followers of Islamic religion in their view towards non-Muslims. In the current times, the Arab culture and tribalism that is rampant among the Islamic communities in the Middle East impacts on every aspect of life including family relationships, governance issues and conflicts.
Though most people believe that the conflicts in the Middle East are conflicts that are fanned by political grievances, the truth of the matter is that these conflicts are rooted in the culture and Arab tribalism (Salzman(c), p 23).
It is worth noting that all human societies aspire to establish order for survival and prosperity. The Arab culture ensures security through what is referred to as ‘balanced opposition.’ In this case, all members of the society owe their membership to nested kin groups which are usually big or small in size.
The groups have the obligation to defend each of the members of the group and bear collective responsibility for the activities of the group members. Salzman(c) notes that, “If there is a confrontation, families face families, lineage faces lineage, clan faces clan, tribe faces tribe, confederacy faces confederacy, sect faces sect, and the Islamic community faces the infidels,” (p. 23). Therefore, it can be noted that tribalism plays a critical role in the Arab communities of the Middle East.
Israel is regarded as a common enemy by the Arab countries in the Middle East. The Arab countries perceive the establishment of Israel in their land as an encroachment in the heart of their land. Israel occupation has caused a lot of resentment across the Muslim world.
The entrance of the United States, which has tended to support the aggressive policies adopted by Israel against the Palestinian, has only acted to fuel the anger of the Arabs against both the US foreign policies towards the Middle East and Israel in particular (Dajan, p 160).
The emergence of sectarian groups such as the Hamas and the Hezbollah was triggered by anger emanating from Israel occupation. Israel can be regarded as a political entity and partly as a cultural entity.
This is because Israel is regarded as a sovereign state which has been recognized by the international community at least basing on the initial boundaries that were created in 1948. At the same time, Israel can be considered as a cultural entity since its establishment in the Middle East was driven by cultural factors where the Jews were determined to go back to their ancestral land.
The conflict between the Arabs and Israel is highly emphasized due to its magnitude. The Muslim Arabs argue that Israel has encroached on their land, which was conquered by Prophet Muhammad, and established their state illegally. The occupation of the land that has belonged to Muslims by Israelis, who are considered as infidels, is considered outrageous and intolerable by the Arabs (Salzman(c), p 27).
The Revolutions in the Arab countries The Arab world has been experiencing revolutions in the recent past, and this can be said to have resulted from the conflicting interests among the various cultural and sectarian groups in the region. Though the incident that sparked the revolution was economic hardships and iron rule of leaders who did not want to leave political power, the sectarian and cultural groups got a leeway to exacerbate the conflicts and usurp power from the long-time dictators.
In Tunisia, where the revolution begun, the long serving President was removed from power and a new regime installed. Egypt followed suit with sectarian and cultural groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood took advantage of public resentment against the long-serving President, Hussein Mubarak.
This culminated in the removal of President Mubarak from power. In Libya, the long-serving dictator, Muammar Gadhafi was removed from power by the militia groups who were supported by the NATO air strikes. Therefore, it can be asserted that the revolutions in the Arab world were enhanced by the existence of sectarian and cultural groups in the region.
Conclusion The Middle East can be argued to be comprising of various cultural issues that play a critical role in defining the trend in the region. Essentially, the sectarian conflicts that are rampant in the region can be attributed to the cultural orientation of the region. As noted earlier, the Middle East is characterized by diversity which has acted to fuel the conflicting situation in the region. The Kurds, for instance, have been involved in a struggle to establish their own free state.
Also, there are conflicting situations in which the various tribes are competing for political power in various countries in the region. The Arabs are also engaged in a conflict with Israel based on the notion that all non-Muslims are infidels and have to be subordinate to the Muslims. The most highlighted conflict in the Middle East is that between the Arabs and Israel. The Arab Muslims are against the establishment of Israel in what is regarded as their ancestral land.
Works Cited Baehr, Peter. Tribes and Terror in the Middle East: A Conversation with Philip Carl Salzman. Soc 46, 2009: 394–397.
Bates, G. Daniel and Amal Rassam. “Peoples and Cultures of the Middle East”. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2nd edition, 2001.
Dajan, S. Munther. The ‘Greater Middle East Initiative’ and the Arab Culture of Rejection. Palestinine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics, and Culture. 11.3
Child Soldiers Problem Research Paper college application essay help: college application essay help
Discussion Any individual under age 18 who belongs to armed group or forces, whether or not there is an armed conflict, is considered to be a child soldier. This is defined by the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child which defines a child as any person under the age of 18 (Small Arms Survey 204).
Children do not need necessarily be combatants to be seen as members of or attached armed groups. They may do other functions, both military and non-military, involving spying, sabotage, training, acting as couriers, decoys, guards, sexual slaves, forced labor and others (Small Arms Survey 204).
Whereas some children are recruited voluntarily, others are forcibly recruited and may be serving against their will. The line between voluntary and forced recruitment is blurred. This paper discusses literature on the type of intolerance displayed by child soldiers, how child soldiers appear to view their own methods, and why intolerant groups (child soldiers) react so strongly to the group it assaults (Machel 40).
What type Of Intolerance are Displayed due to child soldiering? Children may be subjected to numerous political, social and economic challenges that offer them with little alternative than to join armed forces voluntarily. Resultant consequences of the child soldier include psychological trauma, death, drug addiction, social alienation, disability, pregnancy, sexuality transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS, and others (Hamm 260).
Most countries allow children under the age of 18 to participate in war which violates international conventions that safeguard the rights of children. Child soldiers get exposed to mental and physical problems during war because of their participation in direct combat or by living in or near war zones. The use of children as child soldiers presents serious human rights violations as these children get exposed to death during conflict. This deprives them of their basic right to life.
Other children are denied their liberty, that is warring groups forcibly recruit them, separating them from their families against their wills. Majority of these children are tortured and treated inhumanely by warring groups with which they serve. Some are forced to murder or torture others causing them severe psychological effects. All these children are deprived of their normal childhood (Graca 57).
How does intolerant group (Child Soldiers) appear to View its own methods? By involving themselves in war that destroys society, child soldiers view the actions to have victimized their society and view themselves to have taken part in its destruction.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result of these actions, society develops intense resentment over the way these children had treated them. It is not easy to point out reason why and how in many countries children are involved in armed conflicts. Many countries continue to enlist by force into their armed forces in spite of international agreements (Small Arms Survey 205).
Statistics in the number of children used as soldiers vary from country to country. In Mozambique, for instance, between 8,000 and 10,000 children were abducted in mid 1980s by the Mozambique National resistance and compelled to be child soldiers. This armed group forced recruits to murder people they knew so that community becomes aware who the killers were.
The aim was to isolate these children from their society and ensure their loyalty to their abductors. These actions negated the possibility of affected children to reintegrate back to their communities. Therefore, child soldiers for these reasons appear to view its methods of violence to be subject to the whims of their abductors (Machel 72).
Presently, it is a widespread phenomenon to find children being used as child soldiers. The media has highlighted small boys and girls battling in many war fronts. In addition, several individual and organizations working with rights groups have made the problem known. Many people today are more aware of child exploitation than ever before.
Child rights and international human Rights organizations have estimated about 300,000 children under age of 18 to be involved in armed conflicts around the world (Hamm 259). Wanton abuse of human dignity and human rights of these children have been reported during the process of recruitment or abduction. They get exposed to permanent physical and mental incapacitation or risk their lives in fighting.
There are a number of factors which impact children’s decision to become or not to become a child soldier. These factors include existence of war and conflict, deterioration of civil society, erosion of traditional values and family structures, scarcity of educational facilities and basic social amenities, adverse poverty, and others (Graca 62).
Why does Intolerant Group react so strongly to the Group it Attacks? Child soldiers react strongly to the groups for a number of reasons: 1) when being recruited, child soldiers are taught to take orders without questioning. Their personal feelings and actions are subordinate to their commanders.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Child Soldiers Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They are bound by the subjective factors of the group. Their reactions are dependent on the nature of the leadership of armed groups, background and orientation. Many of them are subjected to commit atrocities against their wills; 2) children join armed conflicts for revenge purposes.
They get recruited to kill, rape, loot and commit other despicable vices because their dear ones were killed or maimed; 2) intolerant groups (child soldiers) also react strongly to groups they assault because of the neglect, abuses, exploitation, inhuman and degrading treatments they have been exposed to by society.
It mainly involves individual factors of child abuse in a family, need to have a sense of belonging, heroism, and revenge. They live with pent up emotions which they aggressively relieve when they assault members of society; and others (Hamm 262).
Armed conflicts affect the normal lives of children. War lives many children to grow without essential education. Young girls get impregnated due to sexual assaults (Rape). These horrific scenes attract children to armed groups for revenge missions. Many of these children have witnessed their village colleagues come back with weapons and terrorize their parents and even loot their property.
Other children get recruited willingly because of the benefits they see. Joining armed groups is viewed as a license to protect oneself and locality. When recruited, they are supplied with weapons, clothes and food. The arms provide them with power and advantage for protecting their families. Other children join armed groups as a result of idleness because during conflicts, there is no school or work for them to attend to (UNICEF 201).
Conclusion In summary, children in war zones lack education, disrespect people and forcibly take things that do not belong to them. War has negative effects on behavior of children. It makes them turn to negative vices such as drug abuse and wondering around doing nothing. It makes them lack regard to their parents. Children also join armed groups due to lack of food and security during the war. They are promised to own what they forcibly acquire.
Owning a gun for these children gives them power to get food and security. They loot property and kill many through ambushes. Scarcity or insufficient basic needs cause frustration and discontent among marginalized people including children. This can fuel violence in society where social and economic disparities are wide (Machel 112).
Bibliography Graca, M. The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children, New York: United Nations, 1996.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Child Soldiers Problem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hamm, Smandych, R. Cultural Imperialism. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2005.
Machel, G. The Impact of War on Children. London: Hurst
Cellular Manufacturing and Its Basic Principles Research Paper essay help online free
Cellular manufacturing derives its basic principles from the “lean” manufacturing system popularize by Toyota Motor Corporation. In cellular manufacturing, group technology dominates the process making use of similarity between parts effectively achieving a standardized common processing unit.
There is a great improvement in flow of materials in cellular manufacturing and in most cases there is a reduction in the distances the materials travel. There is also a significant reduction of inventory and cumulative lead times in the manufacturing process.
According to Black (2000, p. 177), the cell manufacturing concept helps firms produce inventory that is only on demand, potentially avoiding wastage especially in the cases of goods with a short shelf life. It is important to note that in cell manufacturing, most of the processing takes place within the cell resulting in better quality products. In a nutshell, cellular manufacturing is saves on time, costs and add flexibility to the manufacturing process.
Traditional or functional production manufacturing gives emphasis to equipment utilization (Swamdimass
Reflection on Gulliver’s Travels Part One Essay (Book Review) argumentative essay help
The author of A Voyage to Lilliput, which forms the first part of Gulliver’s Travels, introduces the reader to a brief historical account of his own life encounters coupled with his own family. According to The Literature Network, one can tell his travel from the evident shipwrecks and abductions coupled with instances of making long swims in an attempt to make his life safe and sound (Para. 1).
After swimming for long distances, he arrived to the shores of Lilliput. However, thinking that he was safe, his life turns otherwise and finds himself held as a captive in the upcountry. To make the narrations of this travel vivid and real, the author applies the stylistic devices such as satire, and symbols to build on his themes.
Satire is a stylistic a device where authors of literary works ridicule or rather make fun out of human weaknesses or vices. The main purpose of using satire lies predominately on the intents to correcting these vices through humor.
In part one of A Voyage to Lilliput the author incredibly satirizes the English people: something that makes them look like dwarfish especially in their capacity to cope with mega issues, thoughts and or deeds. In fact, he could not manage his business and his journey. He says, “I grew weary of the sea” (Swift Chapter 1).
This way, part one of A Voyage to Lilliput emerges as one of the enormous attacks made on humankind targeting people’s stupidity and or wickedness. As a way of example, Swift ridicules the wrangles existing between the Protestants and Roman Catholics, which resulted to war in the 18th century. Arguably, the egg controversy is a satirical strategy that enables the author to reflect and correct the eminent cultural and moral conflicts surrounding the interpretation of the holy book: The Bible.
Literary works deploy symbols to represent abstract ideas. These symbols could take the form of colors, objects, figures or even characters. Swift’s work does not fail also to make use of these symbols in an attempt to develop A Voyage to Lilliput themes.
Lilliputians, Brobdingnagians, laputans, houyhnhnms and England are some of the symbols used in A Voyage to Lilliput (Donaldson 2339). Lilliputians, as implied in the title of the chapter, depict people extensively characterized by pride. Lilliputians, not only show themselves off to the non-natives as Gulliver, but also amongst themselves.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, Brobdingnagians is typically symbolic of personal, private and physiques of people when keenly scrutinized. Laputans symbolize the theoretical knowledge, which perhaps gives no value to humankind. While Houyhnhnms symbolize ideal and rational existence, which is depictive of life dictated by concepts of moderation and sense, England, on the other hand, is a symbol of a land of sufficiency or insufficiency.
The chief object of employing the symbols and satire is to help authors to develop successfully and in a detailed way the themes of their work. Themes encompass the universal or rather the fundamental idea introspected by a literary work. In part one of A Voyage to Lilliput, right as compared to a mighty society, as opposed to individual perceptions, and limitations of the capacity to understand among human beings, are amongst the key themes developed by Swift (Chapter 1).
Gulliver, for instance, stands out as a physically might person. By virtue of this physical mightiness, Gulliver acquires an advantage in the defeat of Blefuscudian (Donaldson 2360). Arguably, this presents a dilemma on what should regulate the actions of the society. Should mightiness or forces of moral righteousness characterize it?
Conclusively, through various characterizations, which largely serve as symbols and satire, Swift is able to build on the themes of part one of A Voyage to Lilliput. Satire presents humorous moments in the novel, though in the end, the author successfully manages to correct certain moral vices.
Works Cited Donaldson, Talbot. The Norton Anthology of English Literature: Volume 1 Gullivers Travels Part One: A Voyage To Lilliput. New York: Norton
Inflation in Saudi Arabia Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Introduction In the recent past, there has been an unprecedented easing of monetary and fiscal policies in many countries. This has raised widespread concerns that the policies may plunge the world economy into a period of hyperinflation. Already in Saudi Arabia, inflation has been rising. This has been attributed to the government’s recent expansion of fiscal lending, which makes a rise in inflation inevitable. The main factors that drive Saudi’s inflation include food prices, high inflation in trading partner’s economies, and a rise in domestic rent.
Methodology In the eighties and nineties, inflation in Saudi Arabia was maintained at a low of 1%. However, since 2003, the inflation rate has risen rapidly and by 2008, it exceeded 11%: a phenomenon that has negatively affected the citizens (Mehran, 2009, p. 3). Although the World financial crisis resulted to a temporary decline in the inflation rate, it again started rising since 2010.
This paper, using the quarterly data from 1980 to 2010, examines the causes behind the inflation in Saudi, its effects, and the effectiveness of the counter-strategies and policies the Saudi government has put in place to curb the rising inflation. The paper will also investigate the solutions provided to the problem of runaway inflation and give recommendations on the same.
The paper utilizes a methodology that incorporates both foreign and domestic factors that affect the inflation rate in the Saudi context. It will examine the external factors as a source of inflation in Saudi, given the open trade nature of the Saudi economy characterized by oil exports and importation of consumer goods from overseas.
The rise in the prices globally will be examined alongside the Saudi domestic prices. Given Saudi’s dependence on exports, fluctuation in the value of the US dollar is a fundamental determinant of the rate of inflation in Saudi both in the short-term and long-term.
Additionally, the rise in the domestic demand fuelled by the sharp increase in oil prices has also accelerated the rate of inflation in Saudi Arabia. By focusing on each factor in turn, this paper aims to find the correlation between inflation in Saudi’s trading partners (OECD countries) and the domestic inflation rate. The paper will also undertake a food price outlook in the wake of rising inflation rate and its effects on Saudi staples such as rice and wheat.
What is Inflation? Inflation is a common term in economic circles, but its meaning is often misconstrued. Inflation, in simple terms, refers to a continuous increase in prices of goods and services in an economy (Dhakal,
Surrogate Parenthood: Positive and Negative Essay argumentative essay help
The debate surrounding the real parent of a “created” child is far from over. With myriad of court cases on the custody of surrogate children, there is seemingly growing worry and uncertainty over parenthood of children obtained from reproductive technology.
As a matter of fact, some states are quite silent in terms of legislations governing gestational surrogacy while others have limited and unclear guidelines on the same. Needless to say, the simmering controversy regarding this form of alternative reproduction and parenthood needs to be resolved by enacting relevant pieces of legislations.
Up to date, it is still not vivid on who among the following is the authenticated parent; the egg and sperm donors, the adoptive parents who have paid for the egg and sperm or the surrogate who has carried and given birth to the child. Nonetheless, this essay argues that the egg and sperm donors ought to be the true parents of the ‘manufactured’ child.
While some of the most recent court cases on parenthood of such children have been determined based on how weighty the arguments are on both sides of the plaintiff and defendants, it is worth noting that genetic make-up of the born child is far much important and supersedes any other local arrangement that may have been made between or among parties (Stephanie 1).
It is profound to note that there are some states which have already laid down basic requirements for gestational surrogacy in the sense that the born child must at least share genetic features with one of the parties under agreement. In other words, the child must have genetic relationship with one of the custodians (Denise 1).
Perhaps, the most important reason why such a legal provision should be enforced is that a sperm or egg donor is highly likely to develop a close and more intimate relationship with the child born out of such an arrangement more than in the case whereby there is total absence of genetic sharing.
At this point, it is prudent to note that intimate parenting is directly proportional to well being of children during the whole cycle of growth. It is also definite that latter may be absent or completely unguaranteed in the event whereby none of the ‘parents’ is a sperm or egg donor (Stephanie 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the case of adoptive parents who went through the process of buying the egg and sperm, catered for legal fees or medical costs for the surrogate, it is imperative to reiterate that such an action may only warrant partial custody of the child but not true parenthood.
In nay case, incurring financial costs on the general upkeep of the surrogate may be undertaken by any other well wisher (Denise 1). For instance, it would be quite misleading to argue that should the state take care of medical and other associated costs of children whose parents are ‘unknown’ then it implies the latter assumes the parent position.
For the surrogate who has carried the child and eventually given birth to him or her, she has only acted as a vessel or channel through the child has been born and lacks the ‘parenting touch’. As already mentioned, a ‘created’ child largely takes after the genetic characteristics of the original genes. While the environment of embryo growth is pertinent in the initial stages of life, it does not rule out the fact that the intrinsic emotional and character relationship has the greatest bearing on a child and depicts who the true parent is.
To recap it all, it is vital to reiterate that both the sperm and egg donors play immense role in determining both the intrinsic and extrinsic characteristics of a child. The available legislations on gestational surrogacy are either silent or unclear on true parenthood of a ‘created’ child. Nonetheless, it is conclusive that genetic make-up of a child should be used as the sole determinant of a parent regardless of who undergoes medical/legal costs or carries the fetus until the time of birth.
Works Cited Denise, Grady. Parents Torn Over Fate of Frozen Embryos. 4 Dec. 2008. Web.
Stephanie, Saul. New Jersey Judge Calls Surrogate Legal Mother of Twins. 30 Dec. 2009. Web.
No Sugar by Jack Davis Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Drama: No Sugar by Jack Davis
Introduction The prejudicial treatment of a person basing on being a member of a class or group is known as discrimination. It includes certain behaviors towards people such as preventing one group of people from opportunities that are available to the other groups. Discrimination is the culmination of traits and understanding of the distinctions between things, which comes in varying frames and forms (Appleby, 2007).
Fiction is a narrative work that deals with news and events that are not on facts but imaginary created by the author. A writer tries to determine peoples’ response to nature and activities by giving a report from a perspective, like a film maker through pointing of the camera shapes peoples’ reactions to a film. In fictions, a writer’s interpretation of a narrator, point of view, is essential to peoples’ experience as readers.
Narrators classified are either party or nonparticipant narrators. A narrator that is nonparticipant talks in the third person referring to actors by their names. Explicit way of stories characterized in concert known as drama. Drama is an operation performed by actors before an audience on stage assumes means of performance that are collaborative and a reaction that is combined. Combined response and collaborative writing directly prejudice it (Saputo, 2011).
Drama: No Sugar by Jack Davis In the 20th Century, it is a recognized factor in Australia, and all over the rest of the world, that there was neglect of Aborigines since the settlement of the first western civilization, and for several years after the western culture. It is the most fundamental aim of dramas to highlight issues, such as racism, and thoughts in relation to these matters to life through dramatic presentations and the use of various techniques.
Jack Davis wrote a book of revisionist known as No Sugar in 1985, which was one of these dramas. Jack Davis brought issues and even expressed his own thoughts about issues such as the discrimination of the treatment of Aboriginal in 1930’s. The revisionist text of no sugar described life extensively, and thus offering a different perspective of the point of view of Aboriginal, on activities which came about during the period of the discrimination issue at hand (Davis, 1985).
No Sugar, the drama written by Jack Davis, highlights the exploitation of Aborigines in Australia in 1930’s. More explicitly, it concerned the relations of Millimurra, and their immense success against the whites and treated like substances in their own country. The stage play was present in Moore River and Northam, in Western Australia. Jack surveyed matters surrounding the behavior of Aborigines during that time and reflected his own thoughts concerning these issues.
One of the issues highlighted with reference to that time in No Sugar was how Aborigines were discriminated against, because of the color of their skin. For instance, in the first scene of the first act, Cissie complained because her and her brother went to get apples, and they were given shriveled up ones, while the children of the whites were given juicy apples. Jack used techniques of drama in order to make his thoughts about discrimination issues to individual. He used a conversation in this example and in a manner of characterization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is discrimination at the place of work. Being looked at or treated differently because of one’s race, religion, social rank, gender or any other characteristic is a form of discrimination (Rushefsky, 2008). At the place of work, discrimination takes place when a member of staff goes through harsh or discriminatory treatment because of their race, national origin, religion, experienced person or immobilized position, or any other characteristics protected by law (Mathis, 2010).
Human resources who have experienced acts of revenge for differing from discrimination of the place of work or for exposing violation to the government regarded to be discriminated against. In most of the countries, particular the developed ones, there are verdicts and laws that forbid discrimination in areas of work, such as hiring, recruiting, evaluations of job, policies of promotion, education, payments and actions of disciplinary (Nather, 2009).
Discrimination in place of work can be categorized as both direct and indirect. Discrimination that is open, entails treating a person less favorably because they possess a characteristic (for instance race, gender, age, socioeconomic status, beliefs, disability, national origin), contrasted with another person without that characteristic in the same situation (Swain, 2010).
An example of discrimination that is open would be, not recommending job to a woman because she is anticipated obtaining a maternity leave while a man is not. Discrimination that is implicit, entails setting state or a requirement, which a smaller percentage of those with the trait are capable of fulfilling, without rational justification (Heine
Wells Fargo Company, Its Profitability, Sustainability and Moving Forward Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
This article is going to discuss different ways and situations of analyzing a company’s, profitability, sustainability and its moving forward.
The article is also going to highlight different types of analysis and how they differ from one another in relation to purpose and profitability. The article is going to have a look at Well Fargo’s analysis.
There are different situations, which lead to the company’s analysis. The company might choose to assess various sections that constitute to the whole company for various purposes. One of the main purposes of conducting an analysis on a company is to determine its position in relation to profitability. A company’s profitability is never stagnant; a company is moving either forward or backwards. A company will never be at the same position in relation to profitability.
There are different types of analysis; they differ from one another in regards to purpose and methodology. A research will always have a unique way through which it looks at the details presented in the aim of research. The SWOT system of analysis is one of the most effective methods of analyzing a business organization. The SWOT analysis highlights strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Through this analysis an organization is evaluated into the fine details.
The company’s strengths can be seen in the ranking it has received from world renowned financial analysts. The company is listed as the best small business lender, best agricultural lender, second best debt card issuer, second best prime home-equity lender, third best mutual fund provider among the U.S. Banks.
For instance, the company is the 18th most respected company in the world. This was a ranking established by Barrons. Wells Fargo has been ranked as the 17th most profitable company all over the United States. The organization has received the “Aaa” credit rating from Moody. The company has a good relation with the community, the customers, and the team members.
The company has been ranked as the 41st in relation to revenue in the United States. This ranking was given by the Fortune 500. Another area where the company’s strength is displayed is in relation to organization. The company’s organization structure is set up in a manner that helps various departments and branches to work as a single body. The Wells Fargo Bank has been established as the first bank in the United States as of 2008 (Fradkin, 2002).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company has two major weaknesses. These weaknesses are presented in bad mortgages and low debit card market share. One of the major areas where other competitors beat this company is in relation to debit cards. Whereas other financial institutions are focused on providing debit cards for their customers, this company has been left behind. For this cause, Wells Fargo has been constantly loosing customers.
The market share that the company continues to lose every other day where debit cards are being used in the market is a loophole through which competitors continue to enjoy other benefits. The other weakness of the company is in relation to bad mortgages. As a lender, there are mortgage problems that the company continues to face every day as the credit market continues to experience problems (Navarro, 2006).
The opportunities the company is presented with, include reduced competition, cross-selling options, consolidating industry, international expansion, and Wachovia. In relation to international expansion, the company is looking to establish a strong presence in the international market as well as increasing the growth and profits.
In the event the company is to venture out into international markets, it would experience improved synergies and the customer base would increase. The opportunities would also improve the company’s financial stability as well as enhancing the individual economies in the countries where it has been established. Innovation will increase the company’s profitability (Ferrell
Tragedy as depicted in Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Neglect and Alienation
Impact of Slavery
Introduction Jean Rhys’ novel, ‘Wide Sargasso Sea’ is a story that has many themes but tragedy seems to be consistent throughout the novel. The story is centered on a character named Antoinette around whom a lot of tragedy seems to exist. The author creates a main character, Antoinette who is a child at the beginning if the story. Her family has owned slaves in the past. Her father has died in mysterious circumstances with rumors that he drunk himself to death.
Her younger brother is very ill and eventually dies. She is eventually married off and after a series of other unfortunate events, she eventually goes mad. Jean Rhys creates a series of events that depict tragedy surrounding the life of Antoinette. The tragedy in the story takes different forms. Death is the most common cause of tragedy in the novel. Other tragedies exist in the form of neglect, alienation, impact of slavery, and insanity. These are briefly described below.
Death Tragedy in the form of death is quite common in the novel. Two major deaths are talked about; Mr. Cosway’s and that of his son Pierre. The first death is discussed at the very beginning of the novel as a means of giving readers background information on the whereabouts of Antoinette’s father.
The author tells of Antoinette’s father’s death as a speculation. Antoinette’s father is said to have drunk himself to death. It is quite obvious that doubt surrounds the cause of his death. His name was Mr. Cosway. Essentially, Mr. Cosway had been a white slave owner and was financially well off as a result.
However, after the emancipation of slaves in 1833, he had to free them. He then begun drinking excessively and died from it. The manner in which the author depicts this death leaves the reader believing there may have been more to the death of Mr. Cosway than the casual ‘drunk himself to death.’ From the novel, we see that Mr. Cosway’s death is a tragedy to his family since they had to make a living in his absence—especially after he had put the family finances in ruins.
Moreover, many families seemed to have been dealing with the death of their men since it is reported that a good number of former white slave owners killed themselves after they were forced to free the slaves.
The other death is that of Pierre who died as a young boy. Pierre has mostly been a background character in this story but his role sheds some light on key parts of the themes. To begin with, Pierre is depicted as being generally ill as a child after his father’s death. He therefore spends most of his childhood as a miserable invalid.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After his mother gets remarried, former slave stage a demonstration outside Pierre’s parents’ house and set it ablaze in the process. Pierre is in the house at the moment and gets hurt in the fire. Unfortunately, the effects of the fire on his body, accompanied by the already existing illness, prove too much for his weak body.
He eventually succumbs to all this and dies soon after the fire. Losing his life this is very tragic–especially based on the fact that the fire had nothing to do with him directly. It is also tragic for Antoinette and her mother who have lost a sibling and child respectively. Antoinette’s mother is soon mad and under constant care and, as a result, Antoinette is left on her own once again; a dead father, an insane mother, and a dead brother.
Neglect and Alienation Neglect can be a form of tragedy depending on the disposition of the person who faces the neglect. In the early chapters of the novel, the author tells the readers about the neglect that Antoinette’s family faces after the end of the slave trade. Antoinette is still a young girl, when the slave trade ends.
The end of the slave trade and the wide range of emotions that came along with it are eminently felt in the home. It seems that the slave trade has not made Antoinette’s family very popular in the society. Also, her mother does not seem to blend well with the rest of the elites. As a result, the family is quite alienated from the society in which they live. The have no close friends and the author depicts the servants as not caring much about what happens to the family.
This is probably a carry-over of emotions from the slave trade era. From the book, It is seems like a widespread belief that Antoinette’s family deserve what they are getting in terms of Mr. Cosway’s death and Pierre’s illness. This neglect of the family, by society, is the environment in which Antoinette grows up. This environment proves tragic when it shapes her into the troubled person she eventually turned out to be.
The other form of neglect clearly depicted in this novel is that which Antoinette and her brother Pierre face from their mother. After the death of their father, it is only natural for the children to expect parental love and attention from the remaining parent. Unfortunately for this pair, they do not find this in their mother.
She seems to have other priorities for reasons known to her. When Antoinette is still a young girl, she spends most of her days in isolation. She has a friend, Tia, who is a daughter of a servant. Unfortunately, this companionship does not last as Tia ceases to be Antoinette’s friend for no apparent reason.
We will write a custom Essay on Tragedy as depicted in Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Even though Annette spends most of her time at home, she seems to focus on other petty things and pays no attention to her children. To make matters worse, when Mr. Cosway dies, Annette, Antoinette’s mother is still a young and beautiful woman. Shortly after, she decides to get remarried and her attention to her children, which was barely there, diminishes even further.
This situation is tragic for the children because they grow up in isolation. This does not provide an environment that nurtures them into healthy adults. It is no wonder that Pierre eventually dies and Antoinette has so much insecurity that she goes mad even after moving into her new home. This madness is probably as a result of accumulated mental problems from her upbringing.
Impact of Slavery Slavery has been a subject that has drawn many emotions from the time it begun centuries ago to date as people still deal with consequences of slavery. Jean Rhys sets this novel in Jamaica at a time when slavery has just been brought to an end. Slave trade has been declared illegal and the slaves have been freed. Unfortunately, ending slave trade was not going to magically end the emotions that came with it and the societies involved had to deal with the consequences.
One example is that of the friendship between Antoinette and Tia, one of the servants’ children. Tia seemed to have been Antoinette’s only companion as a child. Unfortunately, Tia was the child of a freed slave while Antoinette was the child of a former slave owner. Antoinette does not seem to know why Tia stopped being her friend. It is, however, very likely that Tia had been influenced by her parents to stop associating with Antoinette because she was a child of former slave owners.
Naturally, young children would not put much consideration into such politics and would be friends regardless of such backgrounds. Without interference from their parents, Tia and Antoinette would probably have remained friends. Slavery however had introduced bitterness into the slaves as parents and the effect was trickling down to the children.
Later, the author depicts Tia as getting violent towards Antoinette during a demonstration by freed slaves. When she feels that she is in danger, during the demonstration, she runs towards Tia and her mother. But instead of helping, Tia throws an object which hits Antoinette’s head and she starts bleeding profusely and ends up ill for over six weeks.
Clearly, such behavior is not natural to children without adult influence. This was tragic for Antoinette who would have appreciated Tia’s help as a companion at a time when her family was falling apart.
The major impact of slavery, and from which most others stem, is bitterness. Slaves were mistreated in the peak of the slave trade and it is only natural that they would feel bitter towards anyone who is directly or indirectly associated with the trade. After the emancipation, many slaves still felt the need to avenge the life they had been forced to live.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tragedy as depicted in Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They felt dehumanized and any opportunity to cause suffering to the former slave owners was obviously welcome. In the novel, this opportunity presents itself when Antoinette’s step father rebuilds the estate and the former slaves come to demonstrate at the house. They burn down the house regardless of the fact there was a sick child in it.
Also, the actual slave owner had already passed on but his family had to pay for the consequences of the trade he carried out when he was alive. The children and their mother may have had nothing to do with the slave trade but bitterness in the former slaves stops them from reasoning and they set the family ablaze. This is tragic because, as a result of the fire, Annette goes insane, Pierre dies and Antoinette is injured and eventually left on her own.
Conclusion So in a nutshell, tragedy seems to surround the main characters of this novel. They seem unable to evade it with things like death, neglect, alienation and insanity seemingly pursuing them from all angles. It thus suffices to say that Jean Rhys does a commendable job at depicting tragedy as a theme in this novel.
No child left behind Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Impact of the Law
Introduction As one of the federal government’s most sweeping changes to education in a generation, the No Child Left behind Act (NCLB) was signed into law by President George W. Bush on January 8, 2002. This bill provides nearly $1 billion a year over the next five years to strengthen public schools (FDOE 1).
This research paper explores the Act, answering questions that are aimed at gathering sufficient and relevant information within the context of the research topic. Some of the issues covered in include an explanation of the law, the impact of the law and adaptation of various systems to accommodate the law.
NCLB Act Abbreviated as NCLB, No Child Left Behind is an Act of Congress in the United States which revolves around the accessibility and quality of education by children in public schools around the country. Although the bill was ratified by President Obama, it is important to note that it was initially proposed when George W. Bush became the President of the United States (Bagley 1).
At the time of its proposal, the bill received an overwhelming majority support in the Congress, probably because of the expected impact it was to have in transforming the education sector.
Principally, NCLB encourages reforms, which are based on high standards that are viewed as fundamental requirements of improving the outcomes of the education system. The bill further emphasizes the need of developing basic skills among students in public schools. As a result, states are supposed to have ways of assessing these skills among students in every grade for them to qualify for state funding (Bagley 1).
However, the act does not set expected national standards and allows states to set their own standards based on a wide range of factors that may vary from one state to another. Because of the implications of the bill to the entire education system, funding allocation has continuously been rising since 2001. Another important point notable from the bill is its recognition of good performance among students as a proof of the work done by individual teachers in different schools.
As a result, Adequate Yearly Progress is essential, especially for those schools around the country that are recognized under title “I” as defined in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. If a school experience recurring poor results yearly, the act recommends several steps to be implemented in improving the standards of the school to a reasonable level recognized by the state (NEA 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In line with Adequate Yearly Progress, schools which experience poor performance in two years consecutively are considered to be in need of improvement and are expected to come up with an improvement plan that would run for two years for those subjects which the schools seem not to be teaching well.
Additionally, students are given an option of seeking to transfer to another better school as long as the school does exist in his or her district (NEA 1). In the event the school does not realize AYP for the third year, the act recommends that such schools should establish free tutoring programmes with an aim of helping poor-performing students.
On the other hand, a “correction” is recommended for a school that fails to attain the AYP for the fourth year. This action may include overall replacement of teachers, replacement of the existing curriculum and an allowance to have affected students spend more time in class.
In extreme and almost impossible case, schools failing for the sixth year are put under reconstruction as provided in the No Child Left Behind Act. In balancing, the bill with its practical applicability, it is the responsibility of the state to ensure that every school has qualified teachers. Additionally, a “one high standard” is supposed to be set for all students, and every state is mandated to decide this kind of standard. However, all outlined standards of the education curriculum have to be applied to all students equally around the state (NEA 1).
Impact of the Law The law is believed to have a significant impact in the entire education sector. This impact has been felt by both teachers, students, districts and all education stakeholders. The first implication of the No Child Left Behind Bill is increased accountability required of all public schools and teachers around the country (NEA 1).
According to the bill, every school must show quantifiable improvement in the performance of students in order to prove its efforts throughout every fiscal year. This is accompanied by measures discussed above that mainly affect non-performing schools and teachers (U.S. Department of Education 1).
The law further supports reduction of funding in cases where schools do not show any performance progress. The main purpose of this action is to enable teachers and all stakeholders to understand the immense significance of the education system to the nation (U.S. Department of Education 1).
We will write a custom Research Paper on No child left behind specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, the law makes it possible to have a link between students’ standards and state academic content. Furthermore, it insists that all schools should establish measuring mechanisms in order to tell the performance of students at every grade starting from the third up to the eighth (U.S. Department of Education 1).
Beyond this stage of learning, the performance of students in high schools has to be determined at least once. Another impact is that it allows access of academic information of students by their parents through issuance of report cards. These report cards clearly indicate the Adequate Yearly Performance to enable parents to understand the progress of their sons and daughters. In addition, the school is obligated to disclose the professional level of the teacher to the parent to win the confidence of parents.
Besides having set standards for schools and teachers around the country, the bill also impacts students in various ways. Unlike in cases where schools denied students opportunities to transfer to another school within the district, the No Child Left Behind bill allows bright students in schools that are unable to meet the Adequate Yearly Progress to transfer to better ones within the district (Bagley 1).
Otherwise, schools are supposed to execute performance strategies like free tutoring and increased time, especially for those students who have weak performance standards.
Conclusion No Child Education Bill is one of the most praised bills that promise to transform the American education system and make it performance-oriented. By insisting on performance standards, the government acknowledges the need to link resources and performance. In other words, its funding of the public education system has to be reflected through good performance from students through the efforts of schools and teachers.
By holding schools and teachers accountable for the performance of students, the law echoes the role of a teacher that goes beyond class work teaching. However, in its continuous implementation, performance measuring parameters have to remain harmonized to promote fair gauging of students’ performance across states.
Works Cited Bagley, Jennifer. “No Child Left Behind.” Education Week. 2004. Web.
FDOE. “No Child Left Behind Act.” Florida Department of Education, 2005. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on No child left behind by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More NEA. “No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB).” National Education Association, 2011. Web.
U.S. Department of Education. “Elementary and Secondary Education Act.” U.S. Department of Education, 2011. Web.
Tourist Program: Sustainable Development of the Spiritual Model for Tirupati, the religious center of India Expository Essay college admissions essay help
Executive Summary The achieving the main goal of Sustainable Development of Spiritual Model for Tirupati region, the project is aimed at assisting the religious heritage tourism sector, mainly medium-sized tourism businesses and stakeholders, in developing favorable social, economic, and environmental benefits based on the natural and cultural setting of the South India.
The project’s objective is to collect resources, incentives, and tools that will be used by local tourism enterprises. In addition, tourism project seeks to solve the problem of site management and retain the world heritage site values and mitigate possible site threats.
In the course of project, several general principles for sustainable cultural heritage have been created from existing principle of cultural heritage preservation. Based on those principles, three lines of strategies have been presented for the local tourism businesses. Important statistics and financial reports have been compiled within main tourism business of the region, as well as best tourism practices have been analyzed to introduce positive changes for sustainable tourism. The examples will be presented as an auxiliary material.
Plans and principles for a common cultural heritage sustainable program have presented and the project to use the basic principles of the World Heritage Community to advance the tourism program in Tirupati region, South India.
The sustainable model for Tirupati region tourism development will be established in 2012 to promote sustainable tourism and encourage the preservation of the cultural heritage in India. In addition, the project will also be premised on the tourism program for Taj Mahal venue. The concerns will be specifically connected with the analysis of environmental pollution issues which involve transportation challenges.
Project Information and Objectives Vision and Mission
The program is oriented on empowering and developing the tourism sector in the South India to continually innovate and improve sustainable tourism practices. The mission of the tourism project is to assist the tourism region in adjusting to sustainable tourism practices in economical, cultural, and environmental terms.
To collect, record, and evaluate the best tourism practices that would be relevant for the given religious center;
Develop high quality infrastructure at pilgrimage destination to enhance the environment and attract more tourists to the place;
To market cultural heritage tourism practices and assess the benefits from implementing them;
To expand and develop the world heritage tourism project aimed at enhancing the management capacity and providing effective techniques to promote conservation and security;
To create strategic partnerships to encourage socio-economic benefits and employment by introducing capacity building of small business enterprises and promoting an economic diversity;
To assist the World Heritage Committee and the UNESCO Secretariat in solving the tourism management issue. It will contribute to ensuring the original character and authenticity of the religious site.
Program Partnerships and the Potential for Tourism Growth and Success
The core of the project is based on the principles and aspects described in the World Heritage Tourism Program that strives to take actions in the tourism industry sector to define how this field can contribute to safeguarding the cultural and national resources. In this respect, the framework provided by the program will serve as the basis for initiating joint activities and collaboration features between the identified tourist religious venue and the World Heritage Center of UNESCO.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The potential for the Tirupati region is enormous because this tourist site is known as the one possessing religious significance. Specifically, the tourist flow in the religious center amounts to 50,000 people daily, which is about 19 million people per year.
The current facilities in Tirupati do not meet the international standards and, as a result, the site fails to meat the increasing demand of visitors due to the lack of financing and resources. The above-established goals will contribute to higher profitability of the place; it will also attract a greater number of tourists.
The Starting Point of the Program Investment Attractiveness Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
Infrastructure and Strategic Location. Today heritage tourism, an important sector of the international tourism, has the highest potential for development. Millions of tourists visit religious and cultural sites annually and, therefore, tourism has become a crosscutting problem of site management (See Appendix 1).
At this point, a great number of cities in the South India, particularly in Tirupati spiritual sector, lack necessary experience and trained personnel, as well as local policy makers and communities that fail to contribute to cultural and spiritual diversity of tourism.
Tirupati is located in Andhra Pradesh, the Southern Part of India. The region has two airports of the international level; it also included the port city. Hence, the airport is able to accept about 7 million passengers coming from different directions. Importantly, the regions has developed infrastructure facilities, including rail and road network, banking facilities, impressive industrial estates, reliable communication infrastructure, and developed technical institutes.
State policies. The local government has ratified various industrial and investment polices to promote rapid production growth and develop service sectors with an international perspective. As a result, the government has managed to establish about nine industrial parks within a very short period of time.
Industry. A State Government enterprise, Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation, has already established 272 specialized parks and industrial estates (See Appendix 2).
We will write a custom Essay on Tourist Program: Sustainable Development of the Spiritual Model for Tirupati, the religious center of India specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Brief Overview of Tirupati
Tirupati, a religious place and a sacred site of pilgrimage, is situated in Chittoor region of Andra Pradesh, at a height of 500 feet above the sea level. The city has a well-developed chain of trains and roads and, therefore, the centre of the city of highly available.
The spot is known for the temple of Lord Venkateswara, the richest shrine in India. It is a significant pilgrimage site, with pilgrims climbing the hills to reach the hilltop, where Tirumala town is located. The town of Tirupati also has a number of temples and it is known for its brass and copper idols, as well as red wooden toys.
Potential Hazards to Spiritual Tourism in Tirupati Region
Loss of original character and authenticity because of encroachment. The pressure because of illegal encroachments and unplanned visitor facilities has a negative impact on the site area. In addition, encroachment hampers the normal pedestrian movement. Developmental pressure can be hazardous for the authenticity of the religious site.
Unplanned visitor behavior. Unregulated visitor flow can significantly hamper the tourist circulation. Site management system, therefore can eliminate lack of personnel resources and provides a regulation of visitors during holidays and weekends.
Project Implementation and Results Developing Infrastructures
By advancing and sophisticating the municipal infrastructure, it will be possible to improve the quality of tourists’ destination and promote greater connectivity among the religious spots. Hence, Destination Utility infrastructure can be significantly enhanced by introducing cafeteria, waiting pavilions, clean water supply, toilets, and outside furniture.
Importantly, greater quality of transport organization at temple site, or near temples sites should also be supported with regard to the current environmental issues. Each area of the region should have specific interpretation centers providing tourists with a brief depiction of the region, including possible exhibits and displays on flora and fauna, museums locations, etc. At this point, documentation establishments for spiritual researchers will also be encouraged.
An important aspect of the project is connected to the provision of accommodation facilities such as budget hotels, camping tents, and luxury resorts. In this respect, the concept of township should be implemented to introduce a visionary community aimed at supporting the tourist population through introduction of commercial space, hotel networks, and entertainment malls.
The introduction of this program concept is rational due to the high attractiveness of the site for investment. In particular, enhanced religious tourist flow, potential development of IT hub, and possibility to introduce center of trade and commerce provide a solid platform for sufficient financial support.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tourist Program: Sustainable Development of the Spiritual Model for Tirupati, the religious center of India by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Enhancing the Main Appeal of the Religious Site
Pilgrimage to religious sites is highly motivated by the willingness to experience divinity and mysticism of Gods. The experience can be gained through organizing spiritual pavilions for familiarizing the tourists with the Indian history, including its significance for the contemporary society.
Hence, spirituality pavilions will introduce the basic ideas about spirituality and science to stimulate the visitors to make inquiries about the philosophical problems in the Indian history. The course of tourism development, therefore, should be centered on the core appeal of the new tourism products complementing the attraction of the religious centers.
Apart from the spirituality pavilions, the presentation of specific historical sites and associated events can also be dramatized to attract more tourists and make the place more entertaining. For instance, a historical pilgrimage to the most notable religious sites should be organized and specific bus routs should be established. The transportation system, therefore, must be re-organized in accordance with the newly promoted religious destinations.
Preparing the Conservation of Resources
A comprehensive plan on restoring and conserving the cultural heritage sites is possible through the involvement of specific archeology departments located in Andhra Pradesh. Specifically, effective solid waste management can be introduced to minimize the negative consequences of visiting temples. Involving plant into regulating solid waster treatment can contribute to creating a healthier environment and ensure safety of religious sites and high quality of tourist services.
The development of township creates a number of environmental problems that should be split into two types – the construction and operation phases. At the first stage, it is purposeful to provide an ecologically friendly plan to minimize the effects of land acquisition, personal movement, workers camps, and site clearance.
Aside from environment management within the tourist district, the travelers, or potential customers outside the region, are fully aware of the implications their trip can have on local communities and environments. In this respect, they should have a feeling of greater responsibility for the trip they experience.
With regard to the above-considered problems, the establishment and continuous improvement of environmental approaches and polices is crucial. Waste, lodging, and transportation policies should be adjusted to the local conditions in the Southern region of India.
In whole, conservation of resources and presentation of sustainable model for spirituality tourism are aimed at promoting sustainable tourism in India and provide a forum for internal tour operator to share their opinions and experience to meet the highest international standards.
Engaging Government Participation
The government should take an active part in integrating tourism destination with recreational facilities, commercial regions, budget hotels, and luxury residents. At this point, the local authorities should pay closer attention to the private sector and its activities related to investing the tourism sector.
Multi-stakeholder partnership, therefore, is an inherent condition for advancing the tourism project. Additionally, the local communities should also be engaged with handling small businesses, such as souvenir shops, transport services, cafeteria, craft shops, etc.
With regard to the above, the government should create a partnership to identify the drawbacks in religious infrastructure, discover new opportunities, and provide the standards that would meet the international demands.
The detailed evaluation plan will look as follows:
Collecting feedback from tourist operators to create the appropriate facilities;
Enumerating the current facilities and other requirements for the visitors;
Providing strategies based on the above-presented study;
Receiving a detailed report on the proposed project (sustainability development of the spiritual tourism);
Identifying which aspects of the model are of the highest priority;
Preparing a step-by-step schedule for contractor and stakeholders;
Creating a conceptual framework for defining the skill gaps in cit management and service delivery;
Defining the exact responsibilities and roles of temple trust;
Evaluating effectiveness of the proposed project.
Introduction of Special Tourist Products
At the current moment, Tirupati is viewed as one of the most attractive spots among the tourists. However, due to the lack of human resources and inappropriate commercial infrastructure, the religious destination should be enhanced through introducing special interest tourist products, including ecological tours, a variety of recreational facilities, and sports clubs.
The township project, therefore, will provide the latest activities including a number of amenities and sites for tourists. In addition, an adequate commercial infrastructure will be tailored in accordance to the demands of the tourists. The hierarchy of commercial properties, including local shops, cinema halls, and entertainment destination will be included at a local area.
In order to introduce new products, the proposed project should be presented as an independent area for developing residential, commercial, and recreational districts with high standard infrastructure. The presented profile is designed for serving the entire population sample paying pilgrimage to the temples in Tirupati.
In order to meet the requirements of integrated development, quality institutional enclaves should be introduced to the township. At this point, introducing theme park can increase the potential number of visitors to religious destinations, particular to the temple of Tirupati.
Because, people, particularly the younger population are more exposed to entertainment, the Indian classical standards will also undergo change to meet the international ones. Therefore, theme parks will encourage the visitors to explore myths, themes, origins, and legends linked to particular deities.
Most importantly, the venue will also serve as a recreational and entertainment park for residents and tourists to spend time with friend and family. The usefulness and uniqueness of the park consists in promoting heritage and culture of India in an original way using up-to-date technology. The latter is used to promote the communication strategy that corresponds to the one practiced in the Disney World Theme Park.
Introducing Destination Promotion Strategy
The destination promotion strategy is congruent with values that the World Heritage Community promulgates. Because the project under analysis is the result of collaborative approaches used, the program on the World Heritage Policy.
In particular, building the capacity of tourism management “develops and/or refines a multi-stakeholder vision for tourism development at the site and creates and/or enhances the framework for visitor limits and monitoring, site interpretation and development of appropriate infrastructure” (UNESCO.org 2).
In addition, relying on the concept of potential collaboration, the tourism project should pay closer attention to tourism management plans playing a pivotal role in organizing workshops at the religious site. The priorities should be given to conservation messages and identification on visitors’ needs.
Training local community management and advancing the quality of human resource management is an essential component of successful sustainability project implementation. Because tourism creates a demand for a variety of services, the community should be provided with the opportunity for learning and development.
Introducing a well-planned tourism project through developing local history knowledge provides an invaluable experience and support for the tourism region. Indeed, training residents in marketing and business skills for existing tourism products will have a positive impact on helping to generate tools for mitigating pressures to the attraction sports. More importantly, the strategy will contribute to enhancing the concept of spirituality.
SWOT Analysis – Evaluating Future Opportunities and Predicting Challenges
The main strength of the project has been an effective, functioning partnership and a powerful Tirupati township network. Various organizations and institutions have been involved into the project implementation, including UNESCO. The credibility of the organization allows us to conclude that the project promises to be effective.
The major weakness of the program lies in the fact that the project involves a multi-faceted approach to introducing changes. Too many plans and strategies are implemented to solve multiple problems. As a result, a vast area of the tourism sector is engaged. In order to eliminate the weakness, the plan should be split into several subsequent steps of the implementation.
In order to advance the fulfillment of the project objectives, specific emphasis should be placed on establishing international ties with the world-known non-profit organizations that seek to support environmentally friendly projects on promoting and preserving cultural heritage.
In this respect, the collaborative features with international tourist enterprises should greatly contribute to the development of a competitive environment in India. Because Tirupati is one of the numerous religious centers in India, the competition in the country is rigorous. Therefore, sustaining a competitive advantage is a serious challenge.
Economic and Marketing Activities
Because the main purpose of the program is to develop and empower the tourist sector in the Tirupati region to improve tourism practices through the establishment of a well-coordinated township, the following economic and marketing stages should be overcome:
Developing a particular field of marketing and economic activity;
Applying to available economic and industrial infrastructure;
Initiating tourism project in Andhra Pradesh;
Creating a favorable employed environment;
Using natural resources with regard to the ecological environment;
The project can be interpreted as a potential support system for the rise of the local economic. The decisive role of the proposed tourism model is presented within two dimensions. First, similar to other spirituality models in the country, the township organization enhancing spirituality and environment assists in achieving the objectives.
Second, the religious center, along with other parts of India, is lagging behind such districts as Maharashtra and Karnataka in terms of industrialization and investment. Such a situation results in low growth of the domestic product. In order to reverse the economic recession, the proposed project should have a potential impact on the process of economic growth in India.
The project under consideration has been conceptualized to encourage various economic activities ranging from services to different industries being connected to the current industrial clusters in the district. The conceptualization of the project will provide the following marketing benefits:
Facilitation of the economic activity in the region by proposing infrastructural support to the industries;
Construction of the religious pavilions and involvement of industries in creating higher employment rates;
The proposed project will increase the revenues collected as a result of tourist activities;
Finally, the project will contribute to the welfare of the regional economy.
Conclusions It can be concluded that sustainable development of the spirituality tourism programs has created serious disputes concerning eco-labeling and religious appeal and has provided the training implications for the region.
A great number of international organizations can be connected to sustainable tourism, but no concrete collaborative features have been created so far. The project under consideration, therefore, is aimed at facilitating the discussion in a global context to lay a foundation for work within the international tourism perspective.
The tourist model is indispensible to creating a solid platform for development of sustainable spirituality tourism, where the sustainability is interpreted through the prism of long-term development. This kind of project is especially important for the regions with developing infrastructure, where the concept of spirituality is not fully congruent with financial and economic possibilities.
In this respect, the regions should gain greater awareness of their responsibilities for the identified areas. In future, the international cooperation can make the mission much stronger to increase the quality of services and promote an ecologically healthy environment.
In order to create a well-developed infrastructure of the township, it is necessary to enhance site management to handle incoming human resources and provide support to employees organizing tourism programs for visitors. More importantly, when the concept of spirituality of the region has been developed, it will be purposeful to work out strategies for involving industries and local authorities in constructing an effective transport system to handle the tourists’ inflow properly.
Finally, once the basic objectives of the project have been achieved, the tourism region should come to the forth as an internally labeled district endowed with high marketing potential and competitive advantage for further development and improvement.
Taking into account the experience of related spirituality tourism project, Tirupati regions should be more concerned with the future possibilities for preserving the cultural heritage and promulgating the main religious venues as being culturally and historically important.
Finally, aside from cultural and historical concerns, the preservation of natural resources is of particular importance as well. At this point, introducing specific activities and measures minimizing the negative impact is urgent.
Works Cited UNESCO.org. A Proposed Framework for the Development of Joint Cooperation on Nature Conservation and Sustainable Tourism at World Heritage Natural Sites, World Heritage Center, n. d. Web.
Appendix 1: Economic Profile of India (2003-2004 Period)
Indian Economy The country akes the 10th place in the world and the 3rd one in Asian region. Sector Contribution: Services Sector
51.8 % 27 %
Exports: United States
US $ 76 billion 21 %
Imports: United States
US $ 100 billion 7 %
Gross Domestic Product per capita (2004) $ 3.1000 Appendix 2: Parks/Industrial Estates in Andhra Pradesh
S. No. The Industrial Estate Areas (Acres) 1. ICICI Knowledge Park, Hyderabad 200 2. Shapoorji Pallonji Bio-Tech Park, Hyderabad 750 3. Marine Bio-Tech Park, Vizag 218 4. Agri Bio-Tech Park, Patancheru 200 5. Pharma Park, Vizag 2200 6. EPIP, Pasamylaram 160 7. AP Gems and Jewellery Park, Hyberabad 0.5 8. Special Economic Zone, Vizag 9200 9. Financial District, Hyderabad 113
African Americans’ Struggle against Segregation and Isolation Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Slavery and Emancipation
Civil Rights Movement
The struggle against segregation, discrimination and isolation is a protracted battle that claimed many lives. During the time of slavery to the Civil Rights Movement, African Americans longed for real freedom. For many centuries they were denied the basic rights of an American citizen. They were supposed to be free after the Civil War but this was not the case. Slavery was simply changed to segregation and isolation.
In every generation African Americans needed to clarify the real meaning of freedom. Every time society tried to shortchange them, heroes came to fight for their rights. Although so many things have changed since the first Negro slave set foot on American soil, the struggle continues to this day. It is time to revisit the past in order to change the present. The following explains how African Americans ended segregation and isolation.
Slavery and Emancipation Segregation, discrimination, and isolation are words without meaning if taken out of its context. In the case of African Americans, these words are full of meaning and in fact it can generate a great deal of emotions. In order to understand the struggle of African Americans to achieve equality in America, it is important to go back to the starting point. More than two hundred years ago Negro slaves from Africa and the Caribbean came to the United States via cargo ships owned and operated by slave traders.
They are known as Negroes. It is a Spanish word for black. They became slaves because of the color of their skin. Their powerlessness emboldened slave traders. Their inability to stand up to their masters emboldened slave buyers.
This trend continued even after the United States declared independence from British rule. Slave traders captured black skinned natives from the shores of Africa and transported them to America. There was high demand for slave labor in plantations located in the United States.
The struggle against segregation, discrimination, and isolation began in the fight to end slavery. After the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain the founding fathers of the United States created the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights. In these sacred documents one can find statements regarding the inherent value of every human being.
All those who were born and raised in the United States can claim citizenship. Their citizenship assures them that they have rights and privileges. It did not take long before the call to end slavery echoed throughout America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It will require the Civil War to abolish slavery in America. But before that can happen, Negro slaves had to make a stand. The fight to end slavery started with the realization that slaves must learn to read and write. According to John W. Fields, “The greater part of the plantation owners were very harsh if we were caught trying to learn or write. Our ignorance was the greatest hold the South had on us. We knew we could run away, but what then?” (Yetman, 2007). Slaves had to find a way to learn how to read and write.
One of those who succeeded to read and write was a Negro slave named Frederick Douglas. He escaped from slavery. A few years later he did not only master the skill of reading and writing, he also discovered that he can persuade people through his writing. It is through his written works that America and the rest of the world understood the horror of slavery and he wrote:
The existence of slavery in this country brands your republicanism as a sham, your humanity as a base pretence, and your Christianity as a lie. It destroys your moral power abroad; it corrupts your politicians at home. It saps the foundation of religion; it makes your name a hissing, and byword to a mocking earth (Douglas, 1999, p. 222).
Another influential leader in the abolitionist movement was Booker T. Washington and he said: “I recall that I had an intense longing to read. I determined, when quite a small child, that, if I accomplished nothing else in life, I would in some way get enough education to enable me to read common books and newspapers” (Washington, 2000, p.19). All the like-minded men and women joined forces with Douglas and Washington to force the Federal Government to end slavery.
Civil Rights Movement The end of the Civil War practically ended slavery in the United States. But true was still in its infancy. There were so many people who clamored for emancipation but only a few understood the ramifications of ending slavery. Four million slaves were liberated at the end of the Civil War (Eyerman, 2001, p.23). This number is a significant figure considering that it represented 12.6 percent of the total U.S. population at that time (Eyerman, 2001, p.23). The social and economic landscape of the South was altered overnight.
Negro slaves went from being laborers to isolated free men and women. They were free but no one established a system that could have eased the transition from slavery to freedmen. Consider this eyewitness account of newly freed slaves: “Here were four million human beings without clothing, shelter, homes, and alas most without names.
The galling harness of slavery had been cut off of their weary bodies, and like a worn out beat of burden they stood in their tracks scarcely able to go anywhere” (Eyerman, 2001, p. 23). Centuries of slavery was replaced with almost a century of segregation, discrimination, and isolation.
We will write a custom Essay on African Americans’ Struggle against Segregation and Isolation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More African Americans worked together to fight oppression and injustice. There are two major groups of people that contributed greatly to the Civil Rights movement. The first group is comprised of charismatic leaders that created influential organizations that would pressure the Federal Government and State authorities to take and reconsider their stance regarding segregation, discrimination and isolation. The second group is comprised of ordinary individuals who were forced by extraordinary circumstances to prevail against evil.
One of the outstanding African Americans who belonged to the second group was a woman named Susie Guillory Phipps, the wife of an affluent seafood importer in Louisiana. Her general appearance was that of a Caucasian woman. In all her life, she believed that she was white but not black.
However, everything changed when she applied for a passport. An official birth certificate was needed. Susie Guillory Phipps could not believe his eyes when the document finally arrived and it said that she was African American.
She did some research and discovered that in 1934, the Louisiana Division of Vital Records had issued a certificate that classified her as “colored” (Bird, 2009, p.14). She discovered that her ancestor, a plantation owner named Jean Gregorie Guillory, took a black mistress. After two centuries this relationship produced a descendant named Susie Guillory Phipps (Davis, 1991).
She spent the rest of her life trying to change an absurd rule that segregated people on the basis of their family tree. As a member of the Negro race in 1977, she felt the impact of discrimination. In her numerous attempts to change the system, she failed. But her persistence enabled the case to gain widespread publicity.
The pressure that resulted from this publicity forced the State of Louisiana to abolish this particular rule in 1983 (Fluehr-Lobban, 2006). However, Susie Guillory Phipps died a few years before the ruling was made public. Nevertheless, she contributed to the eradication of a system of oppression in America.
Oliver Brown also belonged to the second group. He protested the fact that he could not enroll her little girl in a public school that is a mere walking-distance from their home. Monroe Elementary School at Topeka, Kansas is covered by the State law that segregated black and white students. Olive Brown is African American and, therefore, his daughter had to walk a considerable distance in order to take a bus that would bring her to school.
The case of Oliver Brown and his daughter Linda Brown was a blatant example of discrimination in the 20th century in America. In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Oliver Brown. That year children from African American families could choose to study wherever they want and the government will not stop them. It was one of the landmark cases in the United States that paved the way for the Civil Rights Movement that intensified the fight against segregation, discrimination, and isolation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on African Americans’ Struggle against Segregation and Isolation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As mentioned earlier the first group was comprised of charismatic leaders who used their God-given talent to inspire people of all race, creed, and religion to end discrimination in America. Two of the most popular figures during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s were Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr. shared one dream. They longed to see the day when African Americans can walk the streets without fear and shame. They worked so hard to end the ill-effects of segregation and discrimination. They used their powerful voices to preach against the evil of racism. But they had different styles and different ideologies when it came to the strategies implemented to achieve their goals.
Malcolm X was more aggressive and he believed that the United States government must be forced to consider its stance regarding segregation and isolation. He had seen the violent reprisals used against protesters. He was convinced that they must fight using armed resistance, not only to increase awareness of their struggle but also to defend themselves from rogue law enforcement officers bent to break their will.
Martin Luther King, Jr. on the other hand, was inspired by the actions of Mahatma Gandhi. The wise old man of Indian politics demonstrated the effectiveness of non-violent protest that can be intensified by civil disobedience.
The end goal is to provoke the government and the rest of America to open their eyes regarding the oppression experienced by many African Americans. Both King and Malcolm X were gunned down by an assassin’s bullet. Their contributions paved the way for the transformation of the United States of America.
Unfinished Business Significant changes are evident from the time of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. African Americans are no longer considered second-class citizens. Some of the top rated artists and athletes are African Americans. In the past African Americans did not possess the means to play professional baseball, football, and golf. But in the 21st century some of the top athletes are African Americans.
It must be made clear that the fight is far from its end. African Americans toiled hard to bring change to the social landscape of America. But there are still some problems that require their attention. There are members of the African American community who feel that they do not have the ability to achieve social mobility. There are many African Americans who feel that they can never break the cycle of poverty (Uslaner, 2010). At the same time there are a high number of African Americans who are behind bars.
There are many African Americans who cannot handle the way society have labeled them. The success of African Americans in the sports and entertainment industry is now being used as a weapon to ridicule them. Instead of praising their achievements, critics are saying that they are only good as entertainers and athletes and do not posses the capabilities to succeed in other fields of endeavors.
It is important to fight a new kind of enemy called indifference. African Americans must continue to work together. In the midst of criticisms there are those who found positive things to say about African Americans. In one study, researchers discovered that young African Americans are resilient (Brown
Twenty Years at Hull House Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
The study of leadership and leaders has a long and multifaceted history rich in rituals, metaphors, symbols, and stories. As a field of scientific inquiry, leadership has intrigued scholars and practitioners from nay disciplines, as diverse as religion and political science, psychology and economics.
In our everyday conversation, we talk about the lack of sound leadership, and the need for more effective leadership in the family, our organizations, communities, and nations (Fradin and Fradin). On the other hand, some of our greatest cultural, social, political, and artistic accomplishments are attributed to leadership, as have many political catastrophes and social ills. Leadership has been and is a cause and effect of greatness and success as well as insignificance and failure.
Since recorded in history, ideas of leadership have been found in every culture and the literature of the oldest civilizations around the world. They are embedded in mythology, legends, sagas, religions, and social life of early and contemporary societies, in the past as well as in the present. Leadership has been vital in every historical period and in every culture. Historically, leadership has been conceptualized as the “man on the white horse,” that is, the study of leadership has been seen as the study of “great men.”
Moreover, it has been primarily the study of political leadership exercised by privileged group of “great men” who defined power, authority, and knowledge. Although history has produced some great men, it has also produced great female leaders who have played a critical role in the well being of the human beings. Key among the lady leaders is Jane Addams.
Today little is known about Jane Addams, however, in the early 1900s, Jane Addams was not only one of the two or three most famous women in the United States she was one of the most beloved Americans in the world. The young woman who emerges from these pages was not raised for female idleness but for community service; her nascent talent was less for friendship than for leadership and her first interest was less in plight of the downtrodden than in the potential powers of the elite (Addams).
Her journey from that youth to Hull- House involved less invalidism and more religious questioning than the standard story allows, and much softening as toughening. Addams first gained fame as the head of Hull House – an institution offering educational, recreational, and other services to the needy people whom she and a friend founded in Chicago in 1889.
During the nearly fifty years that she ran Hull House, Jane Addams improved life for thousands of Chicagoans, mostly poor and immigrant families, for her achievements at Hull House she was hailed as the “Angel of Democracy”. Jane also dedicated herself to another cause, which stirred up strong feelings both for and against her. She became a pacifist – a person strongly opposed to war.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As the head of the women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, she criticized America’s entry into World War I. Addams was regarded as one who could speak with authority on the distinction between being good “to” people and being good “with” them because she had demonstrated her capacity for cross – class cooperation in her daily conduct among her immigrant neighbors (Fradin and Fradin).
Every week, a thousand of those neighbors visited Hull House for one activity or another, and that level of voluntary participation in clubs, classes and social events convinced sympathetic observers in the press and public that “the gentle, the earnest, the noble woman” who presided over the Hull House must have been doing some great work. Essentially, the Hull House, which was Chicago’s first settlement, was established in September, 1889.
It represented no association, but was opened by two women, backed by many friends, in the belief that the mere foothold of a house, easily accessible, ample in space, hospitable and tolerant in spirit, situated in the midst of the large foreign colonies which so easily situated in the midst of the large foreign colonies which so easily isolate themselves in the American cities, would so easily isolate themselves in American cities, would be in itself a serviceable thing for Chicago (Fradin and Fradin).
Hull House endeavored to make social intercourse express the growing sense of the economic unity of society. It was an effort to add the social function to democracy. It was opened on the theory that the dependence of classes on each other is reciprocal; and that as the social relation was essentially a reciprocal relation, it gave a form of expression that had a peculiar value.
Addams and Starr moved into Hull – House in 1889 and by 1891, they had added an art gallery, by 1893 a coffee house and a gymnasium. In 1907, 70 people lived there full time and by 1910, there were 1500 boys who were members of the Hull – house boys club and the house and its programs saw approximately 2000 guests.
The first community need that she perceived once ‘settled’ into the house was the need for day care for young mothers and for structured educational opportunities for preschool age children. Jane Addams appeared on the Chicago scene in 1889, at the end of a decade in the city’s history marked by labor protests against employers’ exploitation and working class hostility to patronizing Protestant philanthropy.
Addams introduced the British settlement scheme to Chicago labor activists, women reformers, and liberal clergy, who were hungry for practical, productive alternatives to the class alienation borne of laissez-faire capitalism and condescending charity.
We will write a custom Essay on Twenty Years at Hull House specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Those who became Addams allies in Chicago represented that vanguard of urban Americans coming to the fore in every major city, ready to challenge the economic and political rules that had dominated the landscape since the triumph of northern industrial capitalism in the Civil War.
Addams described the ethnic makeup of the neighborhood around Hull – House in her autobiography, noting the gradual outmigration of the more prosperous Irish and German immigrants, and the slow influx of Russian Jews, Italians, and Greeks in their place. In the forty years that passed between her speech at New York’s United Charities Building and her death from cancer in May 1935, Jane Addams managed the ever expanding, always esteemed program at Hull – House.
By 1910, when she published her enormously successful autobiography, Twenty years at Hull-House, the settlement comprised thirteen buildings encircling an entire square block at Halsted and Polk Streets and served several thousand visitors a week, hull house operated as a meeting ground for working class neighbors, labor artists, ethnic club members, intellectuals, religions liberals, teenage athletes, and children in search of a music class, jungle gym, or free bath.
It served, as well as a catalyst for social legislation, political reform, social science theory, and labor organizing at the city, state, and national levels. Addams was the steady arms at the helm of Hull House, attracting extraordinarily gifted, innovative women and men around her and adroitly leading them in the development of the social service programs and legislative agenda.
Works Cited Addams, Jane. Twenty years at Hull-House with autobiographical notes. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1990 .
Fradin, Judith Bloom and Dennis B. Fradin. Jane Addams: champion of democracy. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2006 .
Racism in Movies Analytical Essay essay help online
Even in the twenty first century, race continues to dominate social experiences of Americans. Most of us may cringe at being called a racist but at a subconscious level, we are all influenced by racial stereotypes we have grown up with. These racial stereotypes are propagated by Hollywood movies and popular culture and slowly but surely change who we are and how we view the world around us.
The racial stereotypes are brought out beautifully in the 2004 movie Crash. The movie shows a myriad of people from different walks of life and different races who have their paths cross over a twenty-four hour period and how these racial stereotypes affect their interactions with each other.
The movie has a number of characters who start out with strong racial prejudice but over the course of the movie, realize how wrong these prejudices were. It is not possible to discuss each and every one of these characters and how they become aware of their racial prejudice but a few of these examples will help demonstrate how we are subconsciously misled by this stereotypes. Crash is a perfect example of how we subconsciously size up others and even ourselves based on the race and how these preconceived notions of race can be so wrong.
The character of Tom Hanson in the movie thought he was not racist but at a subconscious level he too was affected by the racial stereotypes just as many of us are unaware of how we subconsciously behave in a particular way in the presence of people of certain race. Hanson, a rookie policeman was outraged when his partner John Ryan pulled over an African American couple and harassed them.
Hanson felt that Ryan’s actions are racist but Ryan tells him that at some level everyone is racist and he will realize this after he had been on the job for some time. Later, when Hanson, mistakenly shot Peter, his action was a direct result of a subconscious stereotyping. Hanson was the last person anyone, including Hanson, expected to be racist. However, when he shot Peter, Hanson realized that he too had been a victim of racial stereotyping.
This particular storyline is a perfect example of how we do not even know ourselves how we are affected by cultural stereotypes. In modern world, we are taught at an early age not to discriminate on the basis of the color of the skin and most of us believe that we are broadminded. Unfortunately, the racial stereotypes are all around us and we are constantly bombarded by these stereotypes through movies, newspapers, commercials and even through our discussions about these stereotypes with other like-minded people.
When we constantly see and hear that a the people of a particular race are much more likely to be criminals or snobs, we start seeing them as criminals or snobs even without realizing it. So Hanson saw a criminal in Peter, even without realizing it and by the time he realized it, Peter was already dead and Hanson was aware that he too was affected by cultural stereotypes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Anthony, like many African Americans lived his life to reflect all the racial stereotypes of his race and doing so he and people like him strengthen the established stereotypes which makes it even more difficult for the society to become less racist. Anthony rationalized that since people already expected him to behave in a certain way, there was no harm in doing so. So, he carjacked, stole, and refused to tip because it was expected of him.
Anthony believed that everyone around him was racist and judged him based on the color of his skin. He also believed that the white people were responsible for all the problems faced by black people and so by hurting the rich people he was only getting even. As it turned out, Anthony had got himself caught in these racial stereotypes.
He assumed that all black people were poor and traveled by bus and that all rich people were white. He even claimed that he would never rob a black person. So he was taken by surprise when he realized that Cameron, one of his rich, carjack victims was black. Anthony had built his own world based on his interpretation of racial stereotypes and found it difficult to except that people could exist outside of these stereotypes.
Like Anthony, many of us get caught up in the cultural and racial stereotypes we grow up with. So we subconsciously end up behaving and acting in a way that strengthen the cultural stereotypes. For example, the stereotype that black people are criminals is strengthened by the fact that a much larger percentage of those in federal prisons are African American.
Black people are also usually poorer than white people. Of course some of this can be attributed to the fact that historically black people were always discriminated against but these demographical facts tend to strengthen our cultural stereotypes resulting in most of us subconsciously developing or living these stereotypes.
Even when people are able to break the stereotypes and leave behind their past to become successful, very often they find that the past does not leave them and comes back to haunt them, as it happens with Cameron in the movie.
Cameron fell victim to stereotyping even though he did not fit these stereotypes and found himself defending his right to be rich and black both with the white policemen and the black criminals.
We will write a custom Essay on Racism in Movies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cameron was a rich and successful movie director who had lived a charmed life and had little connection with other African Americans who lived a marginalized life. He had rarely if ever been a victim of racial discrimination. So when he was pulled over and harassed by white policemen, it shook up his self esteem and self identity.
Later, when Anthony called him “nigga”, he got enraged, even though it is common for black men to use the word when referring to each other. According to Nadel, “use of the word nigger… speaks to an internalization of the colonizers’ label on the part of the colonized. This internalization and subsequent verbalization is a reflection of racial self alienation on the part of those who consciously or unconsciously make use of the word when referring to self or other” (Nadel 41).
This may explain Cameron’s anger at being called a “nigga”. Use of the word pushed his identity back to that of the colonized and for a man who had worked hard to leave behind this identity and build himself a new identity, the realization that he can never be free of past because of racial stereotypes that people like Anthony further strengthen made him angry and embarrassed of the fact that he was black.
Even though modern Americans likes to believe that they are not racist, we can never completely rise above our conditioning and like Jean Cabot, often find ourselves judging people based on the color of their skin. According to Omi, “in our society, one of the first things we notice about people when we encounter them is their race.
We utilize race to provide clues about who a person is and how we should relate to her/him” (Omi 551). In Crash Jean too found herself judging people just on the basis of race. So when she saw two black men coming towards her, she got scared because based on racial stereotyping, she expected all black men to be thieves and murderers. Later, she assumed that the Hispanic locksmith too would be a thief, once again based on racial stereotypes borrowed from popular culture.
As Omi mentioned, we often use race to size up people. Unfortunately, we do not usually use our personal experience of people of these races when forming our opinion about them. Most of the time, we depend on popular culture and the established stereotypes to decide how a person of a particular race would behave and not our own personal experience.
One reason for this could be that even in the modern world, we have little interactions with people of other race. Even when we do interact, we prefer to maintain a distance from them because we do not easily trust people of other races. These limited interaction prevent us from forming our own personal opinions and force us to turn to popular culture that in turn makes us racist but feeding us racial stereotypes.
So we see that in normal for people to use the established racial stereotypes to judge other people even though we know that these stereotypes are wrong. Many of us do not have any personal reference point and so judge people based on how their race is represented in popular culture.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Racism in Movies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Even worse is that we may be so influenced by these stereotypes that many of us may actually subconsciously follow these stereotypes ourselves and in the process strengthen them. In the modern world, no one likes to be called a racist and many of us believe that we are above racism. But Crash, which is a very realistic reflection of life, shows how much we can be mislead by the popular culture and how at a subconscious level, we may all be a little bit racist.
Works Cited Crash. Dir. Paul Haggis. Bob Yari Production. 2004. DVD.
Nadell, James. “Boyz N the Hood: A Colonial Analysis” Celluloid Dreams: How Film Shapes America. Eds. Chris M. Ramos, David T. Mayeda and Lisa Pasko. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt Publishing, 2010. 147-151. Print.
Omi, Michael. “In Living Color: race an American Culture”. Celluloid Dreams: How Film Shapes America. Eds. Chris M. Ramos, David T. Mayeda and Lisa Pasko. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt Publishing, 2010. 147-151. Print.
Architecture of Frank Gehry Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Introduction The essay is a comparison of architectural work of Frank Gehry. He is a Canadian-American born in 1929 living in Los Angeles, California. All of his works have elicited excitement; even his own residential home has turned out to be a tourist attraction. In 2010, he was labeled the most important architect of our age.
Indeed, he is credited for a number of work such as Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, MIT Stata Center in Cambridge in Massachusetts, Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles to mention but a few. His works have been categorized as being deconstructivism (post-structuralist) as it goes beyond present modalities of structural definition. In most of his work, he uses unorthodox materials such as corrugated metal as well as chain link.
The result is usually an unexpected twisted form which tends to break the general accepted building designs. As a result his, most of his works have been termed as radical, playful, sensual and organic. The paper only compares and contrasts two of his famous buildings “Guggenheim Museum Bilbao” and “Walt Disney Concert Hall”.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Guggenheim Museum Bilbao has been thought to be the greatest building of our time it is 24,000m2 where almost a halve of it is dedicated to exhibition purposes. The building is characterized by twisted, lines that are curving as well as a series of interlinking volumes made up of limestone coated with orthogonal shapes while some are made up of titanic skin.
A glass curtain wall complements this design making the building to be transparent. The color of the limestone was dictated by the match it will bring with the existing building, Deusto University. The glass used was treated to help protect the inside of the building from heat as well as radiation while making sure that light penetrated. Additionally the titanium which looked like fish scale added beauty to the building (Bucher 73).
It is over 50 meters tall and well illuminated thanks to the wide windows. The space used for exhibition has 20 galleries having unusually irregularity, exhibition of huge art works and some having a classical proportion.
The building also contains an auditorium accommodating 300 seating visitor, a restaurant, two cafes, a store and a bookshop. These blocks were designed in such a way that it is possible to access them from the museum square or from outside the building thus making it possible to be operated independently. The atrium ensures that visitors are able to see the hills and estuary.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The floors of the galleries are linked to a system of curved walk ways which are suspended from the ceiling, glass lifts as well as stairs. The building was design in such a way that it looks like a ship, this indeed goes well with the presence of the river hence deemed to be environmentally friendly (Guggenheim Bilbao par. 6).
Despites its glow, there are some problems linked to the building. In less than three years since its occupation, the building was stained by rust-like stains. This is attributed to air pollution, moisture as well as silicon utilized during construction of the building. Frank blames the inability to thoroughly clean the building as the major cause of this problem (Bucher 23).
Fig. 1: Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Walt Disney Concert Hall While Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was an art museum, Walt Disney Concert Hall is a concert hall located at 111 South Grand Avenue in Los Angeles California. The construction cost was $240 million. Regarding the work, Paul Goldberger stated that “It is a serene; ennobling building that will give people in this city of private places a new sense of the pleasures of public space” (Dal Co
“Waste” by Wendell Berry Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Wendell Berry, the author of “Waste”, makes a convincing argument that people cause as well as suffer from the problem of waste. In the article, the author recounts how he has become acutely aware of the waste problems in his rural area. He notices trash polluting the rivers near his farm.
He infers that his neighbors upstream are both carelessly wasting and improperly disposing of highly dangerous items. He concludes that this practice causes significant threats to human health and to the environment. He indicts society at all levels for allowing a culture of planned obsolescence and excess packaging to persist. He makes a powerful case that this indulgence leads to the waste of human resources as well.
Berry observes rising rivers flooding his fields with trash, such as cans, and plastic jugs. He expresses frustration concerning this mass of packaging and broken products with no other destination, at best, but a landfill, and at worst, someone’s yard or a local river. Berry’s experience is by no means confined to his “beautiful river” community.
Such wastefulness is ubiquitous. In the college cafeteria, students, who are allowed to serve themselves as much as they wish, thoughtlessly throw away perfectly good food. Whether because of taste, lack of appetite, or weight concerns, entire trays of uneaten food fill the garbage bins.
A recently observed student served himself pizza, salad, chicken, noodles, and a wrap sandwich, tasted each, and tossed the rest, a nearly universal pattern. Besides food waste, consider the end of semester trash piles, composed of the plastics, paper, textiles, metal, and newly obsolete electronics that briefly furnished a dorm room. This toxic e-waste will likely end up poisoning poor kids elsewhere. Thus Berry’s identification of waste problems is applicable nearly everywhere.
Berry further notes the ill effects of the current system throughout our environment. The practice of planned obsolescence and excessive packaging both pollutes and unnecessarily consumes energy, water, and other resources. As just one example, huge forests are sacrificed for trivia such as disposable chopsticks and political mailers. Deforestation is linked to increased CO2 levels, thus potentially contributing to global climate change.
Berry carries the notion of ill effects on humans a step further. He asserts that industrial food production isolates most people from this traditional means of livelihood. He links this to the fact that kids and the elderly have few ways to contribute meaningfully in Western society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Berry links the centralization of food production and productive power to an overall deterioration of values and chronic unemployment. Thus the system of planned waste built into current practices has negative effects on the environment, on human health, and on society.
In conclusion, Berry draws a direct connection between what he describes as, “the gathering of the productive property and power into fewer and fewer hands” on the one hand, and an ugly visual landscape, a toxic environment, and wasted human lives, on the other hand. As a call to action, his very personal reflection on the trash drifting by his farm is an effective one. By taking action now, we may be able harness our creativity to halt the destruction of our ecosystems and our society.
Reference List Berry, W. (1990). Waste. In What Are People For? (pp. 127-128). New York: North Point Press.
Becoming a Citizen in a Democratic Society Essay college application essay help
Democratic societies the world over are supposed to guarantee certain inalienable rights to the citizens. Rights such as freedom of assembly, speech and worship are universal every individual can claim entitlement to. Citizens on the other hand are required to conduct themselves in a certain way as they enjoy these rights; in other words freedom should be accompanied by responsibility.
In modern society the level of moral decadence especially among the young people has reached alarming proportions. Moral decay among the young people is evident going by the number of juvenile crimes such as shootings in schools, drug and alcohol abuse and teen pregnancy.
This situation has been made worse by the breakdown of the social fabric characterized by the disjointed family as parents are rarely available to guide the children on how to become responsible young adults. The government has not helped the situation as it has denied the parents the opportunity to discipline the children by allowing children to report cases of punishment to the police.
Schools are supposed to mould children into morally upright citizens considering that they spend the better of the day in school. Unfortunately schools in most instances concentrate on the academic development of children leaving them morally deprived.
According to Piaget, all development emerges from action; that is to say, individuals construct and reconstruct their knowledge of the world as a result of interactions with the environment. (Nucci, 2008).
Children rely on what they observe to determine what is right or wrong. Piaget observes that simple rules that children establish as they play games to help them identify what is and what is not fair play determines their “later moral thinking”. Interaction with adults is another major contributor to children moral development as they view them as role models.
Culture and morality are intertwined, to understand moral development, there is need to understand how culture influences our behavior. Culture is a means by which human beings express their way of life; it provides a means of identifying a group of people as distinct from another. With globalization, technology and movement of people across borders, the culture as we knew it has been redefined.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a new of form of identity that seeks to create a homogenous community through the social networks. Citizenship as we know it is slowly being replaced by global citizenship that transcends language, religion, ethnicity and region. To preserve the erosion of culture as a means of identity, people have adopted the idea of intercultural dialogue.
The aim of this perspective is to support the preservation and blend of various cultures. Intercultural dialogue enables people to learn more about other cultures thereby eliminating negative perceptions and biases. Intercultural dialogue supports the preservation as well as the fusion of various cultures. The focus of intercultural dialogue is on the willingness to learn about other cultures without the adoption of stereotypes and biases, which are often used to negatively represent a culture. (Marbaniang, 2011)
Intercultural dialogue has also benefited from sports more than from anything else. A sport like soccer has helped create a society that goes beyond boundaries, race and ethnicity. Sports have helped people to appreciate and respect other cultures; this is because sports participants are in constant interaction with people from different cultural backgrounds.
Sports and travel have changed the world by opening opportunities for learning and tolerating other people’s values. Sports have a way of connecting with people and culture beyond tourist attractions and museums. (Branham, 2011).
Class Activities To fully understand the concept of good moral citizenly, students can undertake a physical exercise that may involve the cleaning of a nearby road. Being the first activity outside school it will be received a mixture of excitement and apprehension.
Students will want to know why they are cleaning the road yet that has always been the responsibility of the municipal employees. To make the student understand, it is important to explain to them why it is important to play the role of adults and the benefits of undertaking such an exercise. Also tell them the health benefits that accrue from cleaning the environment.
A visit to the local municipal office can help students understand why such activities are important. The officer at the municipal office will explain to the pupils that it is a requirement of law to regularly clean the environment. Make the students understand that they will be expected to play such roles as citizens once they become adults.
We will write a custom Essay on Becoming a Citizen in a Democratic Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To help students understand and be proud citizens, there should be programs designed to help them understand their country. Most countries have very rich historical backgrounds that are often ignored in normal school curriculum. Visiting of museums, important monuments and archives where such information is available can greatly enhance the pride of students as citizens.
To enrich the students understanding of other cultures, schools can also organize for trips around the world. These trips will offer the students an opportunity to sample other cultures through food, shelter, religion and language. This kind of program can help students relate their own culture with other cultures that are unfamiliar to them.
Once students are back from such a trip, they can be asked to explain what they learnt orally and also put it in writing. This example can be adopted as a long term project to help students develop an understanding of issues in their country as well as around the world.
References Branham, J. (2011). 5 ways sports and travel unite passion and culture around the world. Budget Travel Adventures. Web.
Marbaniang, S. (2011). Identify
The Consumerism Features Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Consumerism in the 18th Century
Consumerism before the World War 1 era
Consumerism in the Post World War 1 era
Consumerism in the twentieth century
Introduction It has become a cliché that the world we inhabit is a consumer centered world, otherwise known as a consumer society. The modern world has been taken over by a consumer culture that stemmed from the consumer revolution. The desire to have luxurious goods and services has come to be common in the modern society (Stearns, 2010).
Consumerism in the 18th Century The features of consumerism that had prevailed in the pre modern society had a global inclination. Pre-modern consumerism had developed extensively in Asian nations like China and in the Middle East compared to Western Europe. Consumption relied heavily on international trade for instance Chinese silk.
Consumerism in the western countries depended heavily on the global consumerism patterns then. It was stimulated by access to new goods from other countries sugar, silk and cotton from India. Also, the huge profits and goods they got from global trade and trade in slaves that benefited western European states and the northern America (Stearns, 2010).
As the contacts of western European’s contacts replicated through colonial acquisitions, businessmen and diplomats from the West modeled consumer centered aspects. They wanted to replicate consumer behavior back at their home. Tourism has also contributed to the spread of the European consumerism.
Western people persuaded other people to open up to the new forms of consumerism with promises of big markets for western made products in exchange with allowing colonialism. Communities which already had some elements of consumerism merged these elements with those of the people from the west. Finally consumerism became a norm and came to shape societal elements –the socio-economic changes (Stearns, 2007).
Consumerism then did not spread in an even manner. Some form of resistance developed then due conservatism of old communities. Expansion of globalism at the global level had common elements the spreading of goods and methods of marketing used in Western Europe. Economic factors affected consumerism. Some communities had poor economies as compared to others. The spread of consumerism contained aspects of western civilization. Western consumerism patterns are considered to be the most successful (Stearns, 2007).
Hilton (2003) observes that when the twentieth century is talked about, consumption, prices and a material culture are terms that cannot be evaded. These form a background of how the 20th century was understood. During this century, notions of producing goods, labor and wage among other forms of ideologies combined to bring about a Productivity Mentality. This mentality was a big contributor of the growth in consumerism.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The sudden rise in production as a result of the early revolution in industry which was accompanied by massive production of goods and services encouraged consumption. The market rules and forces of supply and demand necessitated a rising in demand. Revolution in industry led to revolution in production. Later, the rise in production led to the rise in the problem of consumption.
Need for consumers became the biggest problem. Consumption was raised to a high level such that it became impossible to sustain. However, this religion of consumerism was contrary to the real religion as religion taught a control of desire while consumerism encouraged the desire to consume. In the world of materialism, this culture has to be pulled into science. Business, as a subject was introduced into American universities as an academic discipline (Stearns, 2010).
Consumerism before the World War 1 era The world experienced a business boom in the early 1920s. The economy experienced a stable growth and expansion. The growth in the economy was fueled by three factors; availability of machines to be used in the production process, factories which dealt with processing and manufacturing of goods and a standardized process of mass production. These three factors brought about a certain cycle which was self perpetuating.
Standardization in massive production of goods led to a build up of better and effective machinery in the factories. This in turn fuelled higher productivity of goods which was accompanied with higher salaries and wages. With improved production and good wages, a higher demand for goods to consume was inevitable. This demand in turn led to more standardization in production of goods. The business boom progressed until 1929 (Stearns, 2007).
The boom in the 1920s was triggered by a number of factors. One of them was the First World War. This war affected technology in a very big way. The consequences of the war stimulated old industries for instance the steel and petroleum industries thus helping create a ray of new industries like plastic and rayon.
The expenditure grew in this period with more being spent on purchasing and establishing new machines for industrial production. Growth in scientific management also came to be at this period. In 1920s, the government of the United States implemented management in science at a very large scale. It invested a lot of money into scientific research. Then, there was a sharp rise in productivity by workers. Earnings of workers swell making them to become regular consumers.
There was also the psychology of consumption that had germinated in Americans. It is also referred to as conspicuous consumption; and the culture seemed to dominate the mindset of Americans at the aftermath period of the First World War. Examples of this culture included radio establishment, motion pictures, invention of electronic appliances and a revolution in automobile goods.
We will write a custom Essay on The Consumerism Features specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The psychology that was inclined to consumption was more visible in the automobile industry. The last factor was the relationship that existed between the government and business. During this period, big businessmen in America enjoyed more than they did enjoy in progressivism. The federal government supported big businesses in an enormous way (Stearns, 2007).
Consumerism in the Post World War 1 era After the period of the great depression of the 1930s, more countries began to focus more on Science and Technology. This was seen as a solution to the many problems that were taunting humanity then. There were a lot of innovations and inventions which led to an upsurge of new products in the market.
Desire to test the newer products that were being produced became the order of the day. Consumption became more of a way of living with people consuming without even considering the dangers posed by some of the products. Concerns about the environment cropped up with people who cared about the environment advocating fro safer consumption patterns. Conservatism arose from these concerns.
The conservatives were against the use of products which had detrimental effects to the consumers and the environment. An example is the debate that arose about the effects of using a chemical called dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane – DDT that was used for making pest control chemicals (Stearns, 2010).
At the second half of the twentieth century, there was a massive growth of the world population more so in Western European Nations. The growth in the world population can be attributed to the revolution in agriculture.
The growth in population due to bettered lives from agricultural production encouraged people to settle and reproduce thus a swell in population that called for increased production of goods to meet the growing population therefore encouraging a culture of consumption (Caldwell, Caldwell, Caldwell, McDonald,
Divorce within 10 years and its effects on minor children Research Paper college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Types of problems manifested by children of divorced families
Introduction Studies carried out on the effects of divorce illustrate that young children in divorced families experience more problems than those in two-parent married homes. These children have adjustment problems in school; they tend to struggle with self esteem issues and tend to develop behavioral deviances.
Effects Hetherington (1999) found that 10% of all the children in two-parent households develop serious behavioral problems. On the other hand, 34% of female children and 26% of male children in divorced families were problematic. However, one must realize that not all young children from divorced families will experience problems; these studies simply indicate that, as a group, children from divorced homes are more problematic than children in married homes.
These problems emanate from a series of situations that are unique to divorce. Children in these situations experience difficulties because of parental loss. They typically lose contact with the non-custodial parent. Minor children need the practical and emotional support that comes from both parents. When divorce takes place, children loose the skills, knowledge and resources associated with one parent.
A study carried out by Kelly and Emery (2003) found that, on average, non custodial parents tended to visit their children once a week. If this parent is male, then children have a 20% chance of never seeing that parent again, two or three years after the divorce. Contact is a crucial factor in the establishment of strong parent to child relationships; this affects a child’s ability to adjust.
Analyses illustrate that fathers who make frequent contacts with their children in a non custodial arrangement tend to minimize conflict between the child and them. These children also fare better in their social and school lives. They tend to benefit from the warmth, help, and expectation-setting that come from increased contact with the non custodial parent.
Young children in divorced families experience more problems than those in married families because of economic losses in the arrangement. When a divorce occurs, children lose the economic resources that both parents would have contributed. As a result, the custodial parent is likely to struggle with provision of certain needs.
It is a fact that earning a small income than before can lead to interruptions. Such a caregiver would have to alter schools in order to minimize expenses. He or she may need to switch to a cheaper day care or minimize weekend outings. When the changes are substantial, the child may need to alter his or her relationships, or may have to lose friends. All these alterations may cause problems.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The divorce process also leads to intense life stress among children in these situations. As explained above, children in divorced homes must make so many adjustments after the divorce such as school and relationship alterations. These stressors are quite difficult to handle, and may lead to subsequent problems in the future.
A study carried out by Crowder and Teachman (2004) revealed that young children who grew up in a single parent home with more stresses, such as frequent relocations, were more likely to become school dropouts or become pregnant in their teens. If the custodial parent goes through multiple divorces, then the child is likely to experience social problems in the future. Increased stress comes from the feeling that the child has less control over his or her life than he had before the divorce.
Furthermore, if parents do not talk to their children prior to or during the divorce about the causes of the divorce, then children become more stressed. Some parents may talk to their children about the divorce but may not listen to their opinion. In this regard, children may still feel frustrated about the situation. Painful memories of all the changes that they underwent during the divorce may haunt them. This implies that divorce is indeed a distressful and painful period for young children.
Parents also play a significant role with regard to children’s health. The custodial parent’s mental health affects most children tremendously. If a custodial parent has adjustment issues, then this may affect the child’s well-being in a negative way. Furthermore, parental competence issues are a crucial contributor to the level of failure or success in divorced families. Parental practices tend to reduce immediately after a divorce.
This usually leads to some problems encountered by children in later life. Besides this, parents in single parent homes tend to expose their children to fewer child rearing skills. Sometimes, the capable parent may lose custody of a child in a divorce, and this may be detrimental to the child’s well being.
One of the most profound difficulties that children experience after divorce is the conflict between their parents. Tensions and conflicts are frequent between divorced parents. If these are intense and occur frequently, then children tend to report more complications in the future.
Types of problems manifested by children of divorced families Children react differently to divorce depending on: the child’s developmental stage, the parent’s ability to meet the child’s needs, the prevalence and duration of conflict between the parents, and the relationship quality between a child and his parents prior to the divorce. If parents can deal with the above challenges positively, then a child is less likely to exhibit behavioral and developmental challenges later.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Divorce within 10 years and its effects on minor children specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the common reactions among children after divorce is denial. This is likely to occur if the children are slightly younger. Some of them may make up stories in order to cover up the divorce.
They might reconcile their tensions with fantasies. For instance, some of them may assert that their parents will take them to Disneyland even when minimal contact exists between the children and their two parents. Conversely, some of them may talk about the non custodial parent’s move next door.
All these stories are attempts at resisting this painful separation from both parents. In older children, milder fantasies are likely to occur. For instance, many of them may be preoccupied with reconciliation. They may console themselves that their parents are going to get back together even when this is unlikely to occur (Temke, 2006).
Other children develop a fear of abandonment. After a separation, children start worrying about their future and the person who will care over them. Some of them may think that a divorce can also occur between parents and children and that their parents will also leave them. Such fears tend to increase when the custodial parent badmouths the other parent.
For instance, if the custodial parent says ‘Daddy is leaving you and me’, then the child may feel quite vulnerable to abandonment. Children manifest these insecurities through the use of words that demonstrate a need for greater protection.
Other children may exhibit excessive anger and hostility. Following the tensions and stresses that stem from the divorce, some children may use hostility to diffuse these stresses.
They may react negatively to their parents, schoolmates and siblings, if they have any. Most of the time, children may express anger towards the parent who they think is the source of the divorce. They can even get angrier when the custodial parent starts dating again. In divorce scenarios, children may triangulate. The latter term refers to rejection of the non custodial parent.
Alternatively, they may have divided loyalties when they try to satisfy both parents. Besides anger, children may also develop depression. Some of them may experience social withdrawal. Here, they may stop playing sports, going out or interacting with friends. Alternatively, others may start injuring themselves. Issues such as cutting are especially common among female adolescents. One may also detect depression in these children through loss of sleep, poor eating habits such as excessive or minimal feeding, and weariness.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Divorce within 10 years and its effects on minor children by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In younger children, immaturity or rapid maturity is common. Some children react to divorce by trying to go back to the times when everything was okay. They may wet their beds or engage in baby talk as an attempt to look for security. Conversely, some children may grow up too fast. They may take charge and even presume the role of the other parent who left. This is an attempt to meet the needs of the custodial parent.
Guilt and blame are also quite common. Children sometimes feel responsible over the divorce. This may occur when parents fight over the children’s custodial arrangements or visiting schedules. Some of them may promise their parents exemplary behavior if they reconcile.
Conclusion Children in divorced families report more behavioural and psychological issues. The problems emanate from economical difficulties, poor parental competence, inter parental conflict, minimal parental contact with the non custodial caregiver and life stresses. These issues may result in anger, immaturity or rapid maturity, excessive anger, abandonment and denial. Parents must try to assist their children in dealing with these issues by maintaining high quality relationships with them and minimising conflict between themselves.
References Crowder, K.
A Mexican American Cultural Experience Essay college application essay help
America is the melting pot of the world. One can encounter many different cultures within a community. As a result, there are several options for cultural experiences available. One particular event that occurred within my community was a Mexican American Festival.
This was a festival acknowledging the Day of Dead which was celebrated throughout Mexico on November 1. At first, I thought it was another Halloween party, but it turned out to be something completely different.
In Mexico, the Day of Dead (Día de Muertos) is a traditional holiday to remember all of one’s family members and friends who have passed away. As tradition goes, families will visit the cemetery and decorate the graves with colorful flowers, candles, and other little adornments.
At home, the memorial continues as the families create an alter with a picture of the person who has passed away and they decorate this alter with things that were of interest to the deceased when they were alive. This is followed by a huge family gathering including music, food, and fun for everyone. The belief is that during the Day of the Dead, the deceased love will return and visit their alter.
There were several people from the Mexican culture at the Mexican American Festival. There were several families with many children, seniors, and groups of friends. Many of the Hispanic people were dressed in authentic Mexican clothes including
sombreros and boots for the men and large colorful, flowing dresses for the women. Others were dressed like the current fad. There was a mixture of different clothing, but one could tell it was a Mexican celebration because many had authentic wear or things one would not normally see in the American culture.
The entire hall was decorated with skeletons and skulls which is a traditional Day of the Dead decoration in Mexico. There were also piñatas hanging from the ceiling and the lights were lowered with some disco lights. Each table was nicely decorated with small skulls of many different colors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There was a huge dance floor in the middle of the hall and a food buffet in the back of the hall. All of the deco rations were symbolistic of the Mexican culture and were very colorful and festive. It was hard to believe that this was a celebration of death. On the largest wall in the hall was a huge piece of while bulletin board paper with some pens where many of the Mexican people wrote the names of the their deceased family members and friends. This paper was full of name.
A form of Mariachi music or salsa music was playing and many people were dancing and having a good time. For awhile, they had a live Mexican band and other times, they had a DJ who played discs. The form of dance was very different from the American way of dancing.
It seemed that all of the couples were dancing in a similar 1-2 step fashion. At times it was a salsa dance and other times it was a cumbia or a bachata dance. Some were dancing as a couple and others were dancing in a circle of friends. The music upbeat and lively throughout the entire party.
There was also a lot of traditional Mexican food that would be eaten during the Day of the Dead in Mexico. One thing that stood out were the sugar skulls. There were little skulls made out of marzipan. In addition, there were also several skulls shaped cookies and cakes.
All of the pastries were in the form of skeleton and skulls just as it is done in Mexico. Dinner was also available for those who were hungry. The menu consisted of tamales, tacos, beans, rice, chicken mole, pozole, and corn on the cob. All meals were served with warm corn tortillas.
The food was free with paid admission and there was more than plenty to go around. Plenty of hot sauce was also available. As for drinks, there were Coca Colas, fruit juices, tea, and of course, Corona, the most famous beer of Mexico. Even though people were drinking alcohol, it was a family event and all was very well-controlled.
The Day of the Day is a very festive day that is celebrated in all parts of Mexico. The Mexican people who live here in the United States continue to celebrate their tradition. I enjoyed the festival and I learned a lot about the Mexican culture. The food, the dance, the decorations and the symbolism behind the reason for the festival was very culturally oriented, educational, and entertaining.
We will write a custom Essay on A Mexican American Cultural Experience specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It gave me an entire new respect in the Mexican culture. By attending festivals such as this one, I feel that I better understand a small part of the Mexican culture and it was an honor to be apart of such a sentimental memorial. It was a very important event for each and every participant and their Mexican pride was very evident.
I believe that if more people could attend festivals such as this one; not only from the Mexican culture, but also from other cultures, much of the world’s racism might be eliminated. Racism stems from a lack of understand, and when one is offered opportunities such as this one, an opportunity for understanding the culture is available. Although I did not understand the language, I still had fun and for the most part, understood everything that was going on. Viva Mexico!
Goodman Brown political views and religious beliefs Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story Young Goodman Brown, there exists sufficient evidence to prove that death and birth can be symbolized through events, characters and objects. These symbols do not only highlight the main themes in the short story, but also represent Hawthorne’s political views and religions beliefs. The main characters who symbolize death and birth are Faith (Young Goodman Brown’s wife) and a grave man whom Brown meets in the forest.
The forest is depicted being gloomy dreary and evil. Additionally, Faith symbolizes political conservativeness as she clings to conservative Christianity throughout. Such conservativeness ensures that she does not suffer eternal condemnation like her husband Young Goodman Brown who is meant to represent the political hypocrites like Governor Howard Dean who changed views to suit their political whims.
Furthermore, the serpent like features that the grave man has is also a symbol of death. In addition, the departure of Young Goodman Brown from his wife’s comfortable house into the darkness of the forest symbolizes the birth of Brown’s new life. It also represents the departure from popular conservativeness to the unpopular liberal mindedness, which provokes a conflict of a person against the entire mainstream of society.
Therefore, characters, objects and events in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown do not only symbolize death and birth, but also reveal prevailing political views and religious beliefs. Hawthorne’s religious beliefs are evident in the short story and feature death and birth.
This concept of death and birth is seen from the beginning of the story due to the characters, such as Faith, Young Goodman Brown’s wife. Faith is symbol of the puritan Christian life. Faith like President Bush “relied too much on faith to make decisions” (Facts on File News Services para 7) when she pleads Brown to “put off his journey and sleep in his own bed until sunrise” (Hawthorne 7). however, her requests are unsuccessful.
This is a sign of Faith’s relevance as a life sustaining figure in Brown’s life; Faith’s religious beliefs seem to convince her that the journey will mark Brown’s death. It also signifies Hawthorne’s belief that Christianity is the foundation of successful life. Once in the forest, Brown meets a grave man adorned in “grave and decent attire… and had a staff, which bore the likeness of a great black snake” (Hawthorne 10).
The black snake is a token of the evil in the society and also signifies departure from mainstream conservative views. Like abortion which many of the conservative Christians oppose (Facts on File News Services para 26- 28), the black snake is a mark of liberal mindedness.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, Brown confesses to the grave man that his “father… and his father before him… were a race of honest men and good Christians” (Hawthorne 12). This signifies that Hawthorne believes Christianity to be the only way to live an honest and fruitful life. This encounter further implies that Brown’s ancestors had been devoted Christians and significantly marks the death of Christian beliefs.
Throughout the night, Brown is experiencing disturbing visions. That’s why in the morning when he goes back home to his wife Faith, Brown’s Christian spirit had died. In church, Brown realizes the extent of his spiritual death when the preaching makes no meaning to him, and he labels the preacher as a blasphemer. Brown’s spiritual death also symbolizes his physical death. His spiritual death is a precursor to his physical one.
When Brown was “borne to his grave a hoary corpse”, the mourners “carved no hopeful verse upon his tombstone, for his dying hour was gloom” (Hawthorne 26). Therefore Hawthorne asserts that the loss of ones religious identify is the beginning of one’s spiritual and the ultimate physical death. Brown chooses to forsake his Christian faith and live a faithless life when he decides to visit the forest for an “evil purpose” (Hawthorne 7).
Unlike Senator Kerry who chose to be “on God’s side” despite of being criticized for being too liberal (Facts on File News Services para 24), Brown chooses to be on the devil’s side when he decides to go to the forest with an evil aim. This is the birth of Brown’s faithless life through which his eventual death is symbolized. Brown takes “a dreary road, darkened by all the gloomiest trees of the forest… with narrow path creeping through, and closed immediately behind…” (Hawthorne 9).
Furthermore, Brown knows that he is in the midst of “unseen multitudes” (Hawthorne 7) implying that there are unseen evil forces in the forest. Like Senator Kerry who forsakes some of the Catholic beliefs and is against campaigns for abortion (Facts on File News Services para 10), Brown decides to renounce his Christian leads to his spiritual and physical death..
It is imperative to state that Hawthorne alludes to the fact that evil and death exist in the real world. Human beings are carriers, and regardless people believing in God and serving Him, this evil lives even among those who confess to Christianity. The only way of escaping such a situation is through chaste followership of Christian belief. Hawthorne attains this by comparing the appearance of the grave man to Brown.
In Hawthorne’s words, the grave man “bore a considerable resemblance to Brown more in expression than in feature” (Hawthorne 10). Symbolically, the grave man portrays gloom and evil as a real personification of Death. It can be argued from this assertion that Brown’s resemblance to the grave man reflects evil and death which exist in a real world and which human beings unknowingly posses.
We will write a custom Essay on Goodman Brown political views and religious beliefs specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the grave man tries to appeal to Brown not to be afraid since Brown’s relatives as well as other Christians “were my good friends, both; and many a pleasant walk have we had along this path, and returned merrily after midnight” (Hawthorne 13). The grave man can be likened to Senator Kerry.
Like Senator Kerry who forsook his Christian beliefs propagating atrocious acts such as abortion (Facts on File News Services para 10), the grave man helped members of Brown’s family, such as Brown’s father and grandfather, as well as other Christians who had lived in chastity to commit acts of atrocity. Senator Kerry’s as well as the grave man’s actions are symbols of the death of Christianity that also illustrate Hawthorne’s belief that evil and religion exist side by side, and that the most chaste people can avoid evil.
The use of symbols also illustrates Hawthorne’s political views in the United States and the relationship between politics and religion. Various symbols within Young Goodman Brown reveal the dominant political ideologies and what a significant role religion, especially Christianity, plays in American politics.
In the recent years, “U.S. politicians have become increasingly vocal about their religious beliefs” (Facts on File News Services para 10). However, such a vocalization of their religious inclination has lead to much criticism or the decline of some of politicians’ political life. Like Senator Kerry who vocalized antireligious views which lead to “denial of communion” (Facts on File News Services para 34) with the church and the society, Brown’s anti Christian stance results to him in being considered an outcast.
As it is explained above, this is the beginning of Brown’s death. Similarly, Senator Kerry’s support of pro-choice views, which are in opposition to mainstream catholism views on life, led to his eventual political death. While Hawthorne’s views on the relationship between religion and politics are not explicit in Young Goodman Brown, the implications are evident when analyzing the latest occurrences of Vis a Vis in America.
Events, objects and characters of Young Goodman Brown express, albeit implicitly, that Hawthorne sees conservative and liberal political views in a conflict. In Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown, there are characters that explicitly support conservative views, but are inwardly democratic.
Hawthorne achieves this through the numerous outwardly chaste characters such as Brown’s father and grandfather with whom the grave man had been “good friends, both; and many a pleasant walk had they had along this path, and returned merrily after midnight” (Hawthorne 13).
Unlike Senator Kerry who explicitly expressed liberal views on religion, these characters chose to remain overtly conservative (staunch Christians), but secretly held liberal anti Christian views by being friends with the grave man. Furthermore, Brown explicitly asserts, “With heaven above and Faith below, I will yet stand firm against the devil!”. Before this statement, he was in the forest and pledged the devil his allegiance to him.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Goodman Brown political views and religious beliefs by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These characters lived in spiritual conflict. This expresses Hawthorne’s political assertions that the society is overtly conservative, and that those who try to pursuit the liberal politics risk to be condemned by the society. Furthermore, this fact also exposes the political hypocrisy within the society where politicians like Governor Howard Dean who embraced Christianity to win governorship (Facts on File News Services para 23) both accept and deny religion to suit their political agenda.
The use of symbolism in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story Young Goodman Brown is not only used to depict brown’s spiritual and physical death, but how dangerous it is for a person to depart from the Christian faith. Moreover, these symbols expose prevailing religious beliefs and political views. Young Goodman Brown ignores his wife’s appeals not to go to the forest at night. This marks Brown’s beginning encountering the death.
Death and birth are not explicitly stated by alluded to through events, objects as well as characters such as Faith and the grave man. Hawthorn’s symbols have also been illuminated through real life figures such as President Bush, Senator Kerry and others. Like most of the conservative Republicans, Faith and other chaste Christians, such as Brown’s father and grandfather, choose to abide by conservative Christianity.
However, liberal mindedness is revealed through Brown, and like other real life figures such as Senator Kerry who suffers eternal condemnation as a result of adopting liberal views. Therefore, through these symbols, Hawthorne makes overt references on the perils of living a faithless life as well. He also highlights the conflict between liberalism and conservativeness as well as how religion influences modern politics.
Works Cited Facts on File News Services. Religion in Politics: Issues
Subsidies in the Airline Term Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Birth of Subsidies for Commercial Airlines
Reason for Subsidies
Forms of Subsidies Given
Discussion and Conclusion
Introduction Air travel has undergone dramatic changes since its humble beginning at the Wright Brothers’ garage. Today, air travel is the most fast and effective form of travelling and many nations boast of having an operational airline with commercial flights being prevalent. These commercial flights are encouraged by governments all over the world since it is understood that increasing movement and availability leads to the prosperity of the nation.
Many governments including the US are therefore in the habit of subsidizing the airline industry and while this habit is not as prevalent as it was in the early years of commercial airlines, it is still present today. Subsidies are seen as necessary to ensure that the industry is successful even in the face of uncertain economic realities. A significant occurrence in the history of US commercial airlines was the enactment of the deregulation Act which removed most of the federal government’s regulations imposed on the industry.
According to Bailey (1986), deregulation and “free sky” resulted in other flavors of government assistance to the industry. This paper will engage in an in-depth description of government assistance to the airline industry. The history of this assistance and why it is necessary will be discussed and any setbacks that can come from subsidizing articulated.
Birth of Subsidies for Commercial Airlines Government subsidies to commercial airlines trace their root to the First World War. As a result of this war, businesses were destroyed, capital diminished and investors were unwilling to take great risks. The War also resulted in the military airplane being seen as a valuable weapon of war. Since hostilities between nations had ceased, some countries decided to develop commercial air transport so as to have a potential military weapon (Hiram, 1998).
Commercial air transport was then a new and experimental business and the private industry was unwilling to fully support it. Government therefore had to assume the lead in promoting the development of air services. Private companies were therefore offered grants to engage in aeronautical research and the government subsidized the purchase of aircraft parts for companies to assemble their aircrafts.
Reason for Subsidies At the onset, airlines were pitted against well established forms of transport. Hiram (1998) states that commercial aviation had to compete with other older agencies of transportation such as railroad, automobile and ships. The general public was not keen on using air transport since its safety was not assured and the cost was significantly high (Warne, 1967).
In all kinds of transport, the safety element is key and the public demands for safety have to be fulfilled before public patronage can be assured. For this reason, key players in the airplane business were forced to assume large risks of loss before they could make any profits. The government therefore had to step in so as to popularize airlines with the public. Subsidies have been a common factor in the development of traditional forms of transport such as the railroad and the automobile.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government has a vested interest in international aviation since it is regarded as a means of maintaining and extending the commercial or political influence and control (Hiram, 1998, p.199). Governments therefore seek to ensure that they have a well established airline in operation.
Historically, governments have encouraged the construction of railways and waterways from the realization that these infrastructures have military as well as commercial value. Hasbrouck (2006) notes that airlines are paid by the government in return for their agreement to avail their planes to the government in the event of a war. Commercial airlines therefore supplement the military aircrafts as “Reserve Air Fleet”.
Commercial airlines require investments of large amounts of capital before they can be started up. Traffic cannot be developed if the necessary equipment and facilities do not exist. Scott and Farris (1990, p.32) reveals that in air transport, it might take years and even decades before sufficient volume of traffic is attained by an airline to insure profitable performance.
It is unlikely that private investors will be willing to risk on airline ventures with the hope of making profits after many years. The government therefore has to step in to ensure that investors gain some return on their investments sooner than they would without subsidies.
International rivalry is another reason why government subsidies are necessary for commercial air travel. Without subsidizing aviation, a country faces the alternative of using foreign companies which will be allowed to crisscross its territory (Scott
Socrates’ Conception of Law and Justice Essay essay help: essay help
Socrates’ philosophy had a great influence on shifting thinking from basic scientific principles to matters that would satisfy the soul. Plato, one of his students, recorded many of Socrates’ teachings. Socrates was born in Athens. This is the place where he lived and where he came up with most of his ideas. A great philosopher based his conception of justice on the principle: “The man who is good is just”.
Socrates advocated the idea that justice was good, and that meant that injustice was equal to evil. Furthermore, he emphasized that good was a natural deed and not what man thinks he needs. In addition, he said that a person’s nature was an inner self that needed fulfillment, thus the desire to do good was natural.
Providing the explanation of relationship between good and justice, Socrates presented the example of an ill seeking treatment, and who gets a cure and, is finally happy. He also gives the example of another man, who is completely healthy and is, therefore, happier. The point he makes here is that justice is the cure for evil, and that a man who never commits an evil deed do not need to be punished, and thus, happier than a man punished for his misdeeds (Vlastos 300).
Socrates explains the role of justice in man’s life by stating that men should do harm to enemies when they are evil, and be just to those who are good. He, however, does not accept this chain of thoughts, as, according to his belief, doing harm to others makes more harm to ourselves.
This was the beginning of the concept that individual should not harm anyone, even his enemies. Socrates also explains that men fall into pleasures of doing harm to those who harm them instead of being just. Summing up his idea of justice, Socrates declares that to be a poor man who is just is better than being a rich man with wealth acquired through injustice, because injustice taints the soul.
In the Crito, there is a dialogue between Socrates and Crito in Socrates’ prison cell. Socrates was awaiting for his execution, but Crito notes Socrates’ peacefulness, his calm way, and his lack of fear in front of the face of the death. This leads to a debate, because Crito assisted Socrates’ escape, and he argues that accepting death would be a great victory of his enemies. He also adds that Socrates was responsible for the education of young people and could not leave them behind as orphans.
In his response, Socrates insists that reason will guide his decisions unlike the masses that are dependent on random acts as a guide. He asks Crito what the laws say about his escape, and he proceeds to state that the Laws say that a resident’s position in reference to the municipality was like a child in reference to the parent, or like a slave to his master.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He explains that he made a deal with the Laws by remaining in the city and benefiting from it, and that he could not now condemn it on the basis that he was unjustly accused. He further states that the Laws argue that he accepted to obey the law by remaining in Athens after having attained maturity and raised a family within the city walls. Socrates tells Crito that he does not agree with the Law’s argument, but asks if they should accept it, and Crito says that they should. This brings the debate, and then Socrates is executed.
We can sum up Socrates’ conception of law and justice in the Crito, and the Apology as the understanding of what is good means, and that accepting law as justice is important because we accept the law that governs us, and by residing in the law’s jurisdiction, we are subjected to its implementation.
Works Cited Vlastos, Gregory. Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher. United States of America: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Spanking as a Form of Discipline Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Spanking can be described as a form of discipline that is normally enforced on a child for wrongdoing, in an attempt to correct bad behaviors. This is not something that was introduced recently but has always been there since the days of our forefathers. Some argue that it is a cruel form of making a child develop discipline while others argue that it is an effective way that has proven to work. There have been some efforts by a couple of parents to make spanking of children illegal, but this probably only works at the school level.
At home, it is a different case. A child will be spanked if he or she is unruly and quite disrespectful. The thing is that some parents do not really know the borderline between spanking and child abuse. Child abuse in this context is clearly defined as the crime of harming a child in a physical way, probably by beating them up severely or inflicting so much pain in the child that they are unable to do their chores in a normal way. This is illegal and can lead to outright prosecution or even the loss of one’s child to social services.
However, in some cultures, there is no limit as to the extent of disciplining one’s child as long as they do not die. This has caused a lot of trauma in children who grow up in such homes and it eventually wrecks the children who fall victim of this kind of abuse. These children end up even becoming violent in life. They can also become abusers not only of their own kids but the public at large too.
Some end up kidnapping people and torturing them in a bid to relieve off the trauma or stress that they underwent. But they never realize that this never solves anything. If children are not punished, there is high likelihood that they will end up becoming delinquent and ill-mannered. This does not in any way emphasize the level of punishment that should be imposed on a child. It is believed that God expects mankind to be wise enough to know how to handle the young ones in all aspects of life.
Failure to discipline a child ends up making them lazy and unproductive. Some forms of punishments are not really effective. Sending a child to their room in a bid to punish them really does not serve the point because all you do is isolate them and thus no lesson is learnt.
What is normally recommended by child activists is that if you feel that there is a need to discipline the child, do so in a humane manner and make sure that the child knows why he/she is being punished and what they should have done in order to avoid the punishment. Most children never know when they are wrong until they are corrected.
Spanking of children is a good form of disciplining them as long as it is done in a loving way, and the child should not be left to nurse any wounds. This will ensure that they grow up differentiating good behaviors from bad ones and they will not fear the parent. Instead, they will learn that punishment is delivered as way of making better persons out of them.
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A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings: A Tale For Children Essay essay help online
To clearly understand the story, “The Very Old Man with Enormous Wings: A Tale for Children” we must first understand the context to which the story is set. The story is a magical realism set in Latin America which presents a real life story through magic and thus a deeper meaning exists within the story.
In the story it is discovered that the creature does not understand the language spoken by the locals although it was suspected to be Latin, this gives a political dimension to it and as highlighted by Father Gonzales who became suspicious of the creature when he discovered that the creature did not understand the heavenly language.
In this context we can understand that the story is reflective of the political climate of Colombia where it is dominated by two parties, this story is attributed to the writer who is of a mixed race and descended from pirates and smugglers, he has presented himself as the winged creature and thus seemingly making a political statement.
The writer has portrayed himself as an outsider (winged man) and his two hosts as the main political parties in Colombia. One can interpret the unbearable smell as the misbehaviors committed by the outsiders i.e. the pirates and smugglers.
The story can also be placed in a religious context. Believing the language of the old man to be Latin; the people of Macombo have the feeling that the Creature might be an angel. This attracts pilgrims from all over who are expecting to receive miracles. The writer tells of the Portuguese who couldn’t sleep, of the sleepwalker, the woman who had been counting his heartbeat since childhood and many other people with different ailments.
However, no miracle happened and hence no person was healed and instead some of them got even whose. Realizing that they couldn’t be healed the pilgrims forget all about the winged man except Palayo and his wife who continue to live with the creature. The pilgrims are attracted to another spectacle of the woman who was changed to a spider.
The reader observes the magical quality of the winged man through the doctor after he and the child were caught with Chickenpox. The doctor discovers that his heart doesn’t beat normally but makes a ‘faint whistling’, he also realizes that the wings appear naturally and wonders why men cannot have them, in this the writer shows that what appears unnatural to someone can be natural to another or event to ourselves if we take a careful look at something.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On carefully reading the story one can also come to the conclusion that the winged man is an angel that came to protect the child who had just been born. This is because as soon as the child attained the school going age the angel flies away, besides that the winged man is observed playing with the child.
The child behaves with openness towards the angel in a way that is lacking in adults. Also, the coming of the old man with wings brings success to the family of the child; the writer tells us that with the money they had saved up, ‘they built a two storey mansion with balconies and gardens’.
Above all, the story gives a moral lesson to the target audience that it had set to reach, the writer tells us the story of the woman who was changed into a spider for disobeying her parents and thus the story remains folklore nonetheless.
Coca-Cola Open Happiness Advertisement Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Coca-Cola is a global brand. The company’s headquarter is in Atlanta Georgia, but it has business interests all over the world. Its Coca-Cola drink is popular with many customers in all parts of the world. The drink is as old as the company is, but its appeal never seems to fade over time.
This is the result of carefully planned advertising, and marketing campaigns that seek to retain its appeal to all the people in the world. This makes it imperative to look at the flagship advertisement for the Coca-Cola open happiness campaign released in 2010. It will uncover some of the principles the company uses in its advertisements. The goal of this analysis is to examine the effectiveness of the advertisement in communicating the message of the advertising campaign.
The advert starts with a man taking a nap on a picnic shawl. There is a Coca-Cola bottle next to the man. A ladybird flies in and alerts other insects about the presence of the Coca-Cola bottle. Soon after, bees fly in and push down the bottle. Then, locusts on standby use their hind legs to set the bottle rolling downhill towards a stream. At this point, the sleeping man reaches out for the bottle, but a butterfly distracts the man by tickling his nose.
The bottle rolls all the way into the stream. Once there, dragonflies navigate the bottle across obstacles, but the bottle ends up stuck after falling off a waterfall. Thereafter, a swinging silkworm dislodges the bottle. Finally, a rhinoceros beetle opens the bottle. Leaves in the nearby bush conduct the drink to individual flowers from where all the insects participating in the heist get a share.
The advert uses insects as the main actors. Each insect group plays a unique role in the process of getting the bottle opened in order to share its goodness. This choice makes the advert stand out immediately because the insects are doing something that is normally beyond their capacity.
The shared sense of mission provides a unique appeal towards drinking Coca-Cola because it implies that Coca-Cola makes happiness an open thing that is available to everyone. The main appeal employed is the shared sense of happiness. As noted earlier, this was the flagship advert for the Coca-Cola open happiness marketing campaign. Since the Coca-Cola Company sells its products worldwide, the choice of insects in the advert makes it acceptable to all the cultures without the risk of putting off some viewers.
The logical problems in the advert include the fact that the man does not notice any of the things going on around him. The solution to this problem comes from the distraction by the butterfly, which stops him from discovering that the bottle is missing. The other problem is that the insects used in the advertisement are not strong enough to push over a Coca-Cola bottle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The makers of the advertisement resolved on group action by the insects. The final logical problem is that the insects needed coordination to act as a unit. The ladybird provides leadership for the whole army of insects by travelling with the bottle all the way to the end of the advert. This advertisement effectively communicates the feeling that Coca-Cola sought to pass on to its audience, which is that happiness is open for all.
“Young Goodman Brown”: Setting, Symbolism and Characters Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Young Goodman Brown: Setting and Characters
Symbolism in Young Goodman Brown
Introduction The setting in The Young Goodman Brown influences the development of plot and character. The setting of a play is a crucial element in terms of establishing direction, feel and structure that a specific story carries. Usually, a reflection of numerous essential aspects of work; culture, time, location and tone is determined through the setting of the story. That is how an ambience and emotional connotation within readers are created.
The characters in Young Goodman Brown are direct and sure by-products of communities and environments in which they live. The story portrays a paradigm of a setting’s significance. It exemplifies the importance of setting as it reflects and applies to the core meaning of the piece. The story’s background provides a historical look into the characters and their lifestyles.
For example, one quickly discovers that Brown lives in a puritan society in the 17th century (Crowley 65). Thus, several inferences of the character of Brown can be made. This essay is an analysis of the story’s setting, symbolism and characters.I’ve selected the character of Brown, who contends with aspects of the past. It illustrates how Hawthorne’s setting and symbolism of the Young Goodman Brown contribute to the meaning of the entire piece.
Young Goodman Brown: Setting and Characters Gothic elements are used by Hawthorne in the story to make Brown’s experience convincing and engaging. In part, the gothic aspects of the setting contribute to the story’s intention. The setting is mysterious, and this develops conflict in Brown’s mind and builds his character.
The setting of the Young Goodman Brown ,(the time and location of the action, dusk and forest) cumulatively assists in the devil destructing Brown’s commitment to Puritanism. The elements of forest and darkness turn to haunt Brown. This increases Brown’s internal problems and fear. Due to fear, Brown begins conceiving evil everywhere along his route through the forest. In other words, the forest as a whole represents a gorge of darkness and unconsciousness for Brown (Lynch 64).
With all these devilish elements, the forest at times turns to be part of Brown’s personality. The denser he ventures into the forest, the more he becomes one of his evil. Brown transforms into a devil out of fear as evil exists everywhere. Brown moves too deep into the darkness, period of uncertainty and religious clashes throughout his experience.
Symbolism in Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne uses symbolism to create a parallel situation of more in-depth and indirect references. Besides establishing depth resulting from indirectness, symbols enrich Brown’s experience by deepening the conflict in his mind. Also, by utilizing some symbols, Hawthorne violates the fixed conceptual purpose associated with Brown as a character.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Young Goodman Brown is full of symbolism. It applies a cluster of symbols which depicts a series of contrasts reflecting both; problems experienced by Brown; and the extent these symbols influence his personality. Dusk and sunrise, for example, indicate two extremes which indicate commencement and end of a journey.
Dusk, on the one hand, is the period that proceeds darkness and therefore stands for the coming of evil. Dusk, a time between light and total darkness, depicts times of hesitation which Brown begins to experience after meeting the devil.
Further, darkness which is a reflection of evil is purposed to put Brown in a real experience of facing evil. Sunrise, on the other hand, marks the end of the journey. It is a representation of the state of certainty which Brown comes up with by the end of the story. This moment forms clarity in Brown’s belie and attitude towards the village people. This contrast of light and darkness is another good example of symbolism in the Young Goodman Brown.
Conclusion In summary, the Young Goodman Brown is a Puritanism satire. From the author’s point of view, it is a belief system that pursues an ideology that deepens conflicts and divisions. It discards all efforts at establishing any common position among the numerous Christian sects on the one hand, and other beliefs on the other.
The aspect of Puritanism, through distrust and doubt, encourages the possibility of splitting societies over religious issues at the expense of unity and togetherness. It tries to expel those who are not Puritans and those who do not conform and looks upon them as sinners. This past attends negatively on Brown’s personality as he obeys out of fear.
The story offers historical insight into the character of Brown and his lifestyle. For instance, we quickly understand that Brown lives in a Puritan society right from the onset. We can see Puritanism in some aspects as unrelenting and biased. Puritanism is a Christian sect that looks upon its members as the only devout and looks upon members of other sects as non-conformists.
The Puritans believe that they are the only ones who should be admitted in the membership of the church. The congregations of such individuals portray the true church. The sect does not tolerate others and relates itself to the devil against general humanity (Lynch 65).
We will write a custom Essay on “Young Goodman Brown”: Setting, Symbolism and Characters specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This sort of extremism of Puritan principles indicates the spread of puritan ideology and its reception among people. Thus, the bias nature of Puritanism leads to hatred, distrust and segmentation among human beings. According to Lynch (2009; P. 69), puritans established themselves a distrustful society for a vibrant congregation which would later harm them.
The main character of Young Goodman Brown is a reflection of the puritan ideology. In him, Hawthorne’s Puritanism is satirized as the dominant faith in his hometown. He looks at Puritanism in a manner to suggest his disillusionment and dissatisfaction with it as a system of belief. In the descriptions of Goodman Brown, Hawthorne seems to discover back his personal experiences with puritans (Lynch 70).
Works Cited Crowley, Joseph. Nathaniel Hawthorne. New York: Taylor