This reaction paper talks the social codes that guide how women and men interact in exercise and cyber clubs. The author discusses the detachment between Fassi women in Fes. Some Fassi women identify more with conservative practices while others identify more with liberal ideals. The concept of public separation between different genders is practiced differently in exercise clubs and cyber cafés in Fes.
Conflict on Modes of Interaction Some women seek more privacy and as such, the club has partitioned their exercising space with heavy drapes. The liberal female clients find this to be suffocating because they are not able to get fresh air when the weather becomes too hot. There is divided opinion between female clients regarding if the separation of the space is necessary or not.
This creates conflicts between women that seek comfort and those that want the space to be hidden from men’s prying eyes (Newcomb 2006). Fassi conservative female clients cherish their religious practices and do not seem to be aware that they infringe on the right of other women that visit the club to exercise. The owners of the club do not know how to satisfy both sets of clients.
Another breed of younger women who have grown up in Fes find fault with the deep religious and cultural conservatism. They differ strongly with older women who still hold on to the conservative cultural norms and values. These young women do not want to be associated with conservative Fassi social norms and want fewer restrictions in public places.
The exercise club cannot be distinguished as a public or a private space. It is difficult for all its members to comply with the principle of separation of the two genders in public places as stipulated by Islam. Newcomb (2006) observes that the club represents foreign values that are beneficial to the society yet; the Fassi society is yet to embrace these ideals.
Changes in Culture Cyber cafes have brought about a change in the way women and men interact. Majority of clients in these cyber cafés are under 30 some of whom are single and still in school. Many female internet users interact through the web with men from other parts of Morocco. Some of these relationships lead to marriage and as such, the strict social codes do not restrict men and women in Fes from dating.
The mixed gender interaction is made possible because there are fewer restrictions on the internet (Newcomb 2006). This shows a shift to foreign attitudes and values in the city and the country at large. Young people conduct their online interactions in French yet Arabic is the most spoken language in the country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The internet has eliminated the barriers that exist in Fassi society between men and women. The women conduct themselves the way they are expected to. They have been able to find an effective medium through which they can share their experiences with people of the opposite sex.
Newcomb (2006) shows us that Fassi women interact with men without worrying about what the society will think of them. Cyber cafés have made it possible for young people in Fes to communicate with their peers with fewer restrictions. There is a difference between how young people understand culture and how old members of the Fassi society understand it.
References Newcomb R. 2006. Gendering the city, gendering the nation: Contesting urban space in Fes, Morocco. City and Society 18(2): 288-311.
The Cuban Revolution: The Battle Worth Fighting for, the Results Worth Grieving about Cause and Effect Essay essay help site:edu
In 1953, Cuba resembled quite little of a proud and decent state; torn apart by the controversies and conflicts within, it was in desperate need for help. Both the economical and the political state were shocking to say the least; with a dictator at the helm and corruption within the state system, there was little left for people to hope for. As Strange, Oyster
Hip-hop in Japan Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Hip-hop music has become popular in Japan despite dismissal by the country’s major media companies. This revolution has provided Japanese youths with an opportunity to express their views as well as sharpen their skills in music. Most of the artists have developed through underground club scenes. They have gained support from the Japanese youth who love their music. The local name for the underground club scenes is Gemba (Condry, 2006).
There have been debates against development of hip-hop in Japan despite the efforts by fans and artists to grow this music. Critics against localization of this music argued that it would result in division. However, localization of culture has proved to be a path towards globalization. This paper will focus on the debates following the revolution of hip-hop music in Japan.
Debates Emerging from Hip-hop Popularization Major corporations in Japan dismissed hip-hop music as a transient fad which would come to an end. However, the Japanese youth pressed on with this culture, and have proved these corporations wrong by making hip-hop popular.
Today, hip-hop culture matches the Japanese powerful media companies in driving globalization. Since this culture was adopted from America, there was fear that it would result in conflict between the two nations. It was argued that adopting hip-hop and localizing it would hinder globalization, but it has amounted in interconnectedness and global sharing.
Borrowing culture and localizing it, is a form of interaction among the artists, the fans and the general audience. The revolution of this culture rescued youths from the economic uncertainty experienced in Japan in the early twenty first-century (Condry, 2006).
Hip-hop artists have challenged the world on crime issues, for example, the American government’s response to terrorism attacks. The artists seek to know what the government has planned in response to these attacks. This is a form of communication to the governments, and not offensive stereotype as initially assumed. While clubbing, the Japanese youths socialize, network and share business ideas.
This is a scene that offers more than just mere stage performance and entertainment. It provides a forum for the artists, fans, producers and even the organizers to network. The issue of commercialization of hip-hop music came about when a smaller fraction of the artists went for major record labels to promote their music.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This caused a stir, and it was assumed that the artists were driven by economic benefits. However, this was not the case, most of the artists focused on refining their music in the Japanese languages to give it a Japanese flavor. This was done in the gembas, fans segregated themselves according to artist preference (Condry, 2006).
Hip-hop culture has also encouraged the youths to be socially responsible. For instance, environmentalists would visit and teach the youth on proper waste disposal and recycling. They were also taught about the best beer products for their consumption. So, contrary to the assumption that these activities would ruin morals, they also served to educate the youths on social responsibility and united them.
Unity gave them one voice for them to address the authorities. An example of such representation is when one of the emcees Utamaru challenged the government on backroom dealings. The fans joined him with screams and cheers to show their support for this message.
The artist represents the rest of the group in disapproving corrupt activities that the government is involved in. The messages are not only limited to Japanese politics, but also on global ones. Through these expressions, the artist challenges the cultural hegemony in the west; he portrays hip-hop in Japan as a global style and not Americanization.
This shows that the hip-hop culture in Japan is not interested in competing with other nations, but rather promoting globalization through music localization. The artists have diversified their music to become very dynamic and competitive, a fact doubted by many hip-hop critics in the past (Condry, 2006).
Cultural globalization has always been symbolized by multinational organizations like Coca-cola. However, the Japanese hip-hop culture has changed this fact. Japan has attracted attention from the hip-hop culture which concentrates on the local languages and peer groups of different generations. The culture is distinct and stands out from the multinational corporations; it promotes global sharing and networking.
Cultural globalization is achieved by connecting hip-hop scenes world-wide to create diversity in styles. In contrast to the expectations that global culture would be homogeneous, localization of music works best. When nations with different cultural backgrounds borrow music ideas and localize them, this becomes a form of sharing.
We will write a custom Essay on Hip-hop in Japan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It brings nations together through music exploration to build cultural flows and interactions. Hip-hop revolution in Japan shows the importance of networking. Through the Japanese peers, hip-hop music has expanded to be recognized by major record labels that had rejected it at first (Condry, 2006).
Conclusion The revolution of hip-hop music in Japan was met with objection. It was assumed that the culture would die if not supported by the major music record labels, or the media.
However, this worked out to introduce the concept of cultural globalization in which nations are interconnected by sharing music. The artists are popularized by their own music and not through the media. Therefore, the belief that media is the only tool that drives globalization is misguided, culture can also be used to promote globalization.
Reference Condry, I. (2006). Hip-hop Japan: Rap and the paths of cultural globalization. Durham, NC. Duke Univ. Press.
Interpersonal Communication: COMM 1158 Fall 2021 Communication Growth Journal Assignment. Effective communi college essay help near me
Effective communicators have a vast collection of skills and the ability to choose the right skills for what the situation demands.This assignment will support your ability to self-asses your communication skills through reflection and small online assessment tasks. Once you have a clearer understanding of your strengths and challenge areas in communication, you can begin to use the topics in this course as a resource for change and improvement of your interpersonal skills. You will reflect on communication topics that apply to your personal communication needs and use the knowledge to impact a positive change in your own communication growth
Things to note before proceeding:
You will have an opportunity to deliver your work to me in three segments, (note the optional due dates in the course outline and in the course schedule). This method is effective to manage your time and workload, but it is optional. You might prefer to hand the complete assignment in on the final day.
There will be multiple parts to this assignment. This assignment consists of the following:
1.) A self-assessment and reflection of one’s communication skills.
2.) A report discussing COMM topics. The report will highlight the student’s understanding of the material with attention to how they might apply the knowledge in their personal/ professional lives, Topics will be chosen by the student from a prescribed list. It is not necessary to complete the entire list, but rather students are encouraged to chose topics that would support their growth as communicators. Presumably topics would connect to those areas that scored lower in the
self-assessment and/or were identified by the student (in the reflection), as challenge areas.
3.) A concluding reflection that highlights what goals the student has developed for themselves regarding their communication skills and an action plan for how they might achieve those goals. Attention to the original challenge areas (part 1), and content of the report (part 2) is important here. This concluding reflection will tie everything together.
Step 1: Self-Assessment
How Encryption Would Have Minimized Bibliofind’s Security Breach Case Study essay help: essay help
Bibliofind has experienced security breaches on its information systems. The firm lacked adequate security that could prevent unauthorized intrusion into its systems. The firm needed to encrypt its systems to prevent hackers getting access to privileged information. This paper discusses how encryption would have strengthened Bibliofind’s information security.
Encryption ensures information that is shared within a system is coded to prevent access by an unauthorized party. The mode in which the message is coded allows only the sender and the receiver to decipher it. The text sent in the message cannot make any meaning to a person it is not intended for.
Bibliofind needed to encrypt all the messages that were shared through its web servers to safeguard them. Passwords and other information about the company needed to be protected from any threat of intrusion. The company should have secured its databases, web servers and other data crucial for its existence.
The company should have used digital signatures when doing business transactions with its clients. This would have prevented unauthorized third party users from becoming aware of the contents of messages exchanged. This approach would have made the company not to fall victim to fraudsters’ schemes.
Bibliofind would have gained the trust of its users by making its business transactions and e-commerce processes foolproof. This would have made it difficult for unauthorized parties to decipher the nature of business transactions it had with its clients. The use of digital signatures and encrypted messages would have made the company’s web transactions more confidential.
Bibliofind needed to analyze the strength of its web servers. Weaknesses in these servers should have been tested to determine which areas needed to be secured the most. Directory listings containing sensitive file names needed to be protected from intrusion by third parties.
Files containing passwords, identities and privileged information of users on internal servers needed to be encrypted to avoid intrusion. The company’s problems stemmed from exposure of its user accounts and passwords to unauthorized users who used them to access more sensitive information it held.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The web servers should have been programmed to control access to web users by authenticating their user certificates. The intruders easily became aware of all operations that the firm carried out internally and externally. Usernames, passwords and personal information of users should have been kept in a different highly secured database.
The systems should have been equipped to be able to verify sources and identities of users seeking access. The systems needed keys for all users that had access to the server. The administrators of the servers should have sensitized users to use passwords which are difficult to decipher.
Hackers became aware of the private details of clients and other external users the firm had regular contact with. Bibliofind needed to have access controls to its databases to limit the threat of intrusion or online attacks. The company’s databases contained privileged information which was not supposed to be displayed to unauthorized users.
The encryption solutions used should have been applied to all other areas with potential vulnerability such as the web servers, passwords, emails and the database. The encryption programs chosen by the company should have been vetted to ensure their suitability for the firm’s operations.
In conclusion, Bibliofind experienced major losses because of failure to secure its information systems. The company should have encrypted its systems to avoid being compromised by unauthorized users.
Phishing threats and counter measures Case Study essay help: essay help
Phishing is a type of cyber crime that uses emails to obtain information such as username, passwords, credit card details and other vital information from an unsuspecting person. This crime is likely to affect online banking institutions such as the First Internet bank of Indiana as hackers try to lure customers into giving vital information which can be used to access to their accounts, transfer money or commit other heinous crimes such as identity theft.
Phishing threats There are a number of threats that the first IB bank is exposed to. These threats are potentially dangerous as they result to huge financial loses for both the bank and the customers. In addition, the bank may lose its reputation, customer base and its overall profitability may be affected in the long run. These threats include;
This is a fraudulent attempt to obtain customer’s personal information through emails. In this case, the attacker sends emails to the bank customers promoting them to change their account information such as the password and username. These emails contain a link which directs the customers to a fake website resembling the bank’s website.
When the unsuspecting customer enters his information, the perpetrators gain this information and use it to access their online bank accounts, transfer money, purchase items online or gain personal information. Through phishing, the bank and its customers may suffer huge financial loses.
In this case, the phishing email are designed and directed to attack a given person. The emails are well crafted and contain the target institution jargons and acronyms so convince the victim to open the email and also click on the link. For example, the hacker may carefully design emails to lure the banks management team or a specific person into giving vital information which can result to drastic financial loses.
Identity theft is carried out in conjunction with phishing. In this crime, the hacker gains the victim personal information and uses it to run up charges on the accounts and then disappears. The main information targeted include social security number, drivers license, credit card, passwords, ATM numbers, birth date, telephone number, mortgage information among others.
Both the bank and its customers incur huge expenses especially in situations where the perpetrators gain the credit card details of individuals. Identity theft may result to huge debts for both the bank and its customers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Methods of preventing phishing There are several measures that the bank can take to prevent phishing. These are;
Educating web users
The bank can send emails at regular times to warn their users that they never ask for their customers account information. The customers can also be provided with this information as they open the bank’s website. This information should warn their customers that they will never be prompted to give their password to anyone including the bank employees.
The email companies can be prompted to improve their websites so that the email source can be identified. This makes it possible to indentify spams which are the major sources of phishing messages.
Contracting anti-phishing consultants
The bank can contract consultants dealing with anti-phishing work. These consultants monitor new websites so as to identify those that use the Bank’s name and logo. These websites are set up by hackers a few days before their email campaign. Once identified, the websites are closed down thus preventing phishing. Also, these hackers can be identified by watching offers of stolen cards as they are being exchanged from one phishing group to another.
Analysis of ancient sculptures Descriptive Essay essay help online
Table of Contents The large kneeling statue of Hatshepsut
Terracotta hydria (water jar)
The terracotta Kylix: siana cup (drinking cup)
The marble statue of a Kouros (youth)
The large kneeling statue of Hatshepsut The large kneeling statue of Hatshepsut is a Granite model of the goddess Hatshepsut. Hatsehpsut was the goddess of justice and order which is represented by the balancing weights on each of her hands. There is a kilt on her head which was mainly worn by male pharaohs. Hatshepsut was the first Egyptian female pharaoh, so in order to give it a solid presence the creators of the statue put a beard on it, just like the one that is on all statues of male pharaohs.
A critical look at the statue’s face reveals a lack of any emotions. The majestic design of the statue is typical of artworks of the time which depicted the subject candidates as powerful individuals. The statue by its sheer size allows one to appreciate the power and greatness that was associated with the pharaoh.
Finesse of the statue even in its current run-down state can still be appreciated by means of the committed craftsmanship that was applied into the piece. The piece matches my standards of beauty because it is a combination of both realistic and surrealistic ideas. Some elements, for instance, the beard, bear a hidden message making the statue both an aesthetically-appealing and educative piece.
Terracotta hydria (water jar) The Terracotta hydria is a black water jar embellished with an image of the prince Triptolemos as he delivers wheat to mankind on his winged chariot.
The prince had been reputed to have received agricultural secrets from the goddess and the piece is one of numerous that depicted the youth travelling around Greece spreading his knowledge. The container presents some form of artistic inspiration in its design.
However, the golden painting makes it even more interesting to look at the art. The artist who painted the image of the prince on the pot intended to present it vividly to the target audience and he clearly presented it in his work.
The winged chariot is a symbolic indicator of how effective the prince was in spreading his agricultural knowledge, while the huge ears of wheat on his hands represent the big harvests made. Like any great art piece, the painting leaves one with unanswered questions allowing him/her to expand his imagination.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, I cannot understand why the prince would dress so elegantly on the painting but would have no shoes on his feet. I also would like to know how he controlled the chariot because there are no apparent control levers.
The terracotta Kylix: siana cup (drinking cup) The Terracotta Kylix: siana cup is a drinking cup with an inscription of a mythological narrative depicting Achilles chasing a man riding a horse while pulling another (horse) on the side.
Running on the side of the horsemen is a hare and a bird, strategically put there to emphasize the speed at which Achilles was running. The artwork blends well with the sculptural techniques of the ancient Greece, which mainly dwelled on mythical heroes, who dedicated their time to protecting the kingdom. The cup would have been like any other ceramic cup had the painting not been impressed on it.
The paintwork makes it interesting to look at and also provides a chance for individuals to learn something from ancient Greece. Because of the seemingly long amount of time taken to emboss the image on the cup, it is almost obvious that very few of the kind were made. This is among the items that would only be affordable to a select class had it been created in modern days.
The marble statue of a Kouros (youth) The statue of a Kouros (male youth), depicts a naked boy striding forward with hands dropped on the sides. In ancient Greece, such sculptures were used to mark graves. The stride has been put there to give the sculpture balance, which would not have been the case had the character been presented standing straight. This fits well with the other sculptures of the time, which unlike those from Egypt, were completely life-like.
In all the pieces that have been analyzed in this exercise, the marble statue of a Kouros wins my vote for both perfection and creativity because the sculptor(s) who worked on the Kouros placed emphasis on finesse in order to end up with a piece that anyone could stop and take time to study. However, unlike pieces such as the kneeling statue of Hatshepsut, the Kouros does not appear to have any representational purpose and was most likely used for decorative purposes.
Having been carved from one block of granite, the compactness of the piece tells that the sculptors were very keen on accuracy. However, given a choice, I would not prefer to have this piece in my house since with time, nudity has come to be given some form of sanctity and I am sure my parents and other people of their generation would not appreciate it as art were they to find it in my house.
We will write a custom Essay on Analysis of ancient sculptures specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Advertising [Essay] argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition
Advertising in Oligopoly
Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition Monopolistic competition is characterized by multiple firms that sell differentiated products. Advertising is a technique used by firms in monopolistic competition to create product differentiation. The goal of product differentiation and advertising in monopolistic competition is to make sure the the market is under control, and as a result, charge a higher price. Excessive advertising will serve to inform consumers about the physical difference in the product, and the perceived difference will lead to increased product differentiation.
If advertising in the long run convinces customers that the product is superior to the competitor’s, then the firm would charge a higher price (Arnold 241).
What role does advertising play for monopolistically competitive firms? Advertising will increase demand and reduce demand elasticity. As seen from the short-run equilibrium graph, Q gives the current profit-maximizing output at a price P. Therefore, advertising will increase the quantities of the product the consumers are willing to purchase, leading to a shift or a move in the demand curve to a higher level. The new demand curve will correspond to higher levels of quantity demanded and the prices given by Q1 and P1 (Arnold 245). As such, the role of advertising in monopolistic competition is monumental.
In monopolistic competition, the firm faces a comparatively elastic demand, and this limits the prices that can be charged on the product. To reduce demand elasticity, the demand curve will be relatively steeper, implying that consumers are likely to change their quantity demanded as a result of a change in price. As illustrated in the diagram, the firm can now charge a slightly higher price P1 for the same quantity, and this means the firm can collect more revenues for the same quantity Q sold at a profit-maximizing level of output (McConnell and Brue 494).
However, a monopolistically competitive firm cannot maximize profit when faced with inelastic demand because the marginal revenue (MR) is negative, implying that the marginal cost (MC) would be negative. Such a situation is not possible, where marginal revenue (MR) and marginal cost (MC) are both negative (Arnold 246). Excessive advertising could lead to inelastic demand, and the firm will have to increase the price to make demand elastic because profit is not maximized when demand is inelastic. (McConnell and Brue 489).
Advertising is expensive, and the firm will keep on advertising as long as the revenues generated from advertising are more than the cost of advertising. Monopolistic competitors advertise because the demand may increase and become inelastic, and, on the other hand, the marginal cost (MC) and average cost (AC) are likely to rise at the same time.
Advertising in monopolistic competition is excessive, and as long as revenues per product are more in comparison to an increase in average cost per product, it may not result in loses. One of the characteristics of monopolistic competition is relatively easy entry. Firms in a monopolistic competition market will use advertising to maintain their profits because advertising affects the products of the firm by increasing its demand.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Advertising in Oligopoly The oligopolists can increase their market share through advertising, and they compete based on advertising rather than on pricing (McConnell and Brue 492). Excessive advertising by the Oligopolist is used as a barrier against the entry of other firms.
It is also used to inform consumers of new products in the market. Oligopoly advertising also leads to increased output pushing down the average total cost (ATC) curve towards the productive efficiency point, where the average total cost (ATC) is minimum. Advertising may also lead to manipulation as opposed to informing consumers.
Unique feature of oligopoly is mutual interdependence. To understand the interdependence behavior of oligopolistic firms, the technique of game theory is used as illustrated in the diagram, and it shows that the two firms are better off colluding than competing. At the top left shows that both firms A and B could earn 200 dollars profit each if they choose to advertise. At the right lower quadrant, the two firms can receive 250 dollars each if they both decide not to promote because there are no costs for advertising (McConnell and Brue 496).
At the lower-left quadrant, firm B decides to advertise while firm A does not advertise and, therefore, firm B will earn 350 dollars in profits, and firm A earns 100 dollars in profits. This is because advertisement attracts customers from firm A to firm B.
At the top right quadrant firm B does not advertise while firm A decides to advertise, therefore; firm A receives 350 dollars profits while firm B receives 100 dollars in profits because customers are attracted away from firm B. On the other hand, if the two firms chose to collude to advertise they would each receive 250 dollars profits.
In an oligopoly, there are few dominant players in the market, and each cannot fully influence the market independently unless they collude to influence and affect the price and demand. The use of advertising by oligopolists increases both market share and total demand.
In an attempt to gain a more significant market share, an Oligopolist will engage in fierce advertising competition trying to outdo each other. (McConnell and Brue 494). This scenario makes advertising in the oligopolistic markets to be extremely high. It is difficult to tell if advertising leads to improved consumer benefits and efficiency. However, if advertising results in more sales and increased output, this could lead to the efficiency of the firm.
We will write a custom Essay on Role of Advertising in Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly Advertising [Essay] specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion It is costly to advertise and may lead to improved efficiency if costs are less than the benefits from sales. Advertising in monopolistic competition and oligopoly may have no direct relationship with the benefits to the consumer. However, if increased sales arising from advertisement leads to reduced prices, then customers will enjoy some benefits (McConnell and Brue 487).
Works Cited Arnold, Roger A. Micro Economics. 10th ed. Washington, DC: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
McConnell, Campbell R. and Stanley L. Brue. Economics: Principles, Problems, and Policies. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2005. Print.
The Principle of Sufficient Reason Expository Essay college essay help near me
The principle of sufficient reason explains the nature of all existence. It advocates the perspective that every aspect of life has a basis that justifies its existence. According to this philosophy, sufficient reason is inherent in all observable phenomena. The phenomena include all entities, events, and propositions whose presence in a specific form can be affirmed. For this principle to hold, the facts in question must occur, proposals must be correct, and all entities must exist.
According to this philosophy, the basis of the existence of everything is either a reason for the particular observation or a cause justifying its present reality. Leibniz did not give a precise description of the boundary between the reasons and the causes for everything (Longuenesse 67). Thus, the principle of sufficient reason has two possible interpretations. Something can exist due to the presence of one or several reasons before the current observation.
This is one possible interpretation of the theory. On the other hand, all things may be considered to have likely causes that require their presence at a specific time. The two interpretations may be regarded as complementary. Also, the reason for everything does not need to be purely logical according to Leibniz. Sometimes, humans may not understand the reason or cause concerning a particular thing (Leibniz et al. 27).
The principle of sufficient reason provides solutions to two theoretical issues that have no direct answer. Firstly, the policy of adequate reason explains the origin of the sequence of reasons that inadequately describes the process of formation of any phenomena or proposition.
Secondly, the principle of sufficient reason explains the apparent variations in all aspects of existence, which are otherwise considered imperfect. Leibniz also uses this philosophy to explain the relationship between the physical and the metaphysical world.
One of the problems that Leibniz’s philosophy tries to solve is the inherent problem of the ultimate reason. For everything that exists, there is an immediate reason justifying the present thing (Longuenesse 75). However, there is another justification behind the idea itself.
The reasons form an infinite sequence that does not give an ultimate solution at all. This necessitates invocation of the logic that there exists another reason independent from the series of reasons. The proper justification is what Leibniz refers to as God, who is not necessarily understood by human beings.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, the universe and all existence is a sequence of states that explain each other without concluding (Leibniz et al. 28). Therefore, an ultimate reason, separate from the series, is necessary to justify the philosophy of sufficient reason. It is observed that the ultimate purpose is not the conventional reason since it may not be understood by ordinary interpretation. The ultimate reason is metaphysically necessary and is responsible for all existence.
Although Leibniz tries to explain the essence of the ultimate reason for existence by the invocation of the presence of a metaphysical reason, he also continues to illustrate the mechanism that relates the metaphysical reason for life and the following reasons found in the physical world (Longuenesse 70).
In that case, truth is fundamental in the realization of the relationship between the following reasons and the metaphysically essential reason. To understand this connection, one must appreciate that there is a natural inclination towards existence. Thus, the ultimate reason for existence is inherently inclined towards unlimited existence. In turn, the sequences of reasons for existence are realized (Leibniz et al. 31).
The sequences are generated according to the degree of inclination of every reason towards existence. The more likely a reason is towards existence, the more the number of reasons are to be found in the resulting series. Thus, the degree of inclination is the intensity of the quest for perfect inclination towards existence.
Any reason with the essence of perfect inclination is the one that persists as a physical reality. Since the ultimate reason has no other reason for its existence, it is considered the truth. This eternal truth cannot be found in the physical world that is directly observed. God, the eternal truth, must have existed before the physical world that we see (Leibniz et al. 34).
Through God, an infinite range of possible situations is realized, and all things become a reality. The possibilities with the most significant inclination towards existence become observable reality. This explains the link between the ultimate truth and observable physical phenomena.
The idea of ultimate reason and physical reasons seem to bind the essence of free will that exists in the physical world. Humans, among other living creatures, can determine the course of their action. This seems to contradict the essence of the ultimate truth and the degree of inclination of possibilities. However, Leibniz explains that free will does not interfere with the dominance of the eternal truth.
We will write a custom Essay on The Principle of Sufficient Reason specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Leibniz says that free will is among the possibilities that are generated by the eternal truth. Whatever course human free will takes, events that occur have an opportunity with the most significant inclination towards existence. Leibniz also seeks to counter arguments that God’s will is not perfect since conflicts often arise in the physical world, and some physical aspects of life suffer damage.
These physical aspects of existence include humans and other living things. According to Leibniz, even those events and physical phenomena that people perceive to be negative happen to perfection. Those propositions that are negative and true also exist with perfection.
Even the worst events that have already occurred in the physical realm of existence are considered metaphysically perfect (Leibniz et al. 36). Humans determine the perfectness of what they observe based on the physical reasons to which they are familiar. Their judgment is flawed since their understanding of the ultimate reason is limited.
The principle of sufficient reason as presented by Leibniz seems to provide a solution to one of the problems faced by contemporary scholars of philosophy. It is undeniable that all aspects of existence have a sequence of reasons that justify their presence.
These reasons can be deduced from an analysis of direct observation. However, only a limited number of reasons can be inferred from the study of the present situation and view (Longuenesse 77). The series of reasons are infinite such that it is impossible to reach the ultimate reason using human reasoning. This fact validates the claim that humans have an impaired perspective of existence.
By accepting that things exist, one must also acknowledge that an ultimate reason for existence must exist (Leibniz et al. 37). If this reason were entirely physical, it would be possible for humans to deduce some aspects of it through human reasoning. The inability of humans to describe the ultimate reason proves that the particular reason is metaphysical.
Since humans only understand metaphysics partially, it is impossible to give a physical description of the ultimate reason (Leibniz et al. 43). We then describe the ultimate reason as a metaphysical existence known as God. This is the source of all life and the determinant of the course of all events in the universe.
Within the sequence of physical reasons that immediately justify any aspect of existence, personal reasons must be sufficient to justify the following observation. If any of the reasons were not enough, the succeeding observation or event would lack a basis on which to exist.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Principle of Sufficient Reason by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Consequently, the principle of universal causality would be violated (Longuenesse 68). The succeeding observation would seem to have emanated fully or partially from nothing. To satisfy the laws that govern logic, all reasons within any sequence of physical reasons must be individually sufficient.
This means that a particular state must have the potential to generate the succeeding state for the sequence of reasons to progress in a specific direction. If an idea fails to be sufficient, there are only two possibilities. One possibility is that the specific reason is the end of the sequence and the final state.
However, the physical state may progress to another state for which it is sufficient as a reason. Thus, the sequence takes another direction. For every event, proposition, or physical entity, there must be a sufficient reason. This way, Leibniz provides an explanation for the existence of the world and the entire universe. The sequences of physical reasons are flawless.
Leibniz asserts that it is impossible for humans to understand everything since they only exist in physical form. Physical limitations obscure Their understanding of the metaphysical world.
This is why God, who is the ultimate source of all will for existence, cannot be completely understood. Leibniz’s deduction can be proven by the fact that there is no single phenomenon in the present world whose complete sequence of reasons can be described. At the end of each sequence, an enigmatic metaphysical reason is present.
Works Cited Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Roger Ariew, and Daniel Garber. Philosophical Essays. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co., 1989. Print.
Longuenesse, Beatrice. “Deconstruction of the principle of sufficient reason.” Harvard Review of Philosophy 16.5 (2002): 67-98. Print.
Capitalism: Exploitation of the Poor and Resource Monopoly Essay college admission essay help
Exploitation of the Poor Most analysts on economic issues argue that capitalists extort the poor by exploiting them. These people argue that capitalism helps the rich men and women get more wealth at the expense of the poor, who gets poorer. This leadership style attributes to what most people would consider as classical economic prediction. In this theory most men and women with assets believe that income from land ownership and huge capital in big businesses would accrue; however other theorists believe that both land and capital fluctuates unpredictably.
Most defenders to capitalism would not agree to this objection because they believe capitalism presents equal opportunity to both the poor and the rich. Although land (renting rates) and capital in form of interest rates fluctuates, one observation is that they remain unchanged.
Defenders to capitalism would therefore attribute such fluctuations to uncontrollable forces within the marketplace, which are not easy to control under either capitalism or federal leadership style. Other defenders would use an example of power supply in a country.
In this example, if electric power becomes cheap and readily available to the entire population, capitalists argue that it is the poor that benefits the most as opposed to the rich community. This is because the rich would get pressure to pay flunkies for alternative services.
The above reply needs a critical evaluation to either agree or disagree to it. As much as one would agree that market fluctuations are beyond the control, it is still possible for a willing leadership to adopt effective measures that ensure a fair play in the market segment.
It is therefore not true that poor men or women would reap more benefits than the rich because most of the legislations in such environment favour the rich community. Therefore, this reply is not convincing because capitalism centres most of its legislations in favours of the rich, which exploits the poor.
Resource Monopoly Monopoly of resource is the second most serious objection on capitalism. This refers to an act in which a group of people within the top leadership holds and controls a large amount of resource. Although these resources are for the public use, those in leadership would keep the materials far from reaching out to the common citizens. The general public would not be in a position to have equal share of such resources because the few individuals on top leadership have the final decision on resource utilization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Most defenders would convince those discrediting capitalism that effective strategy of replacing resource monopoly should not adopt another monopoly that is not responsive of market forces.
These people view capitalism as effective in responding to such forces, to them the leadership style experience constraints and challenges in which the only way of ensuring equitable utilization of resources is through implementation of capitalism. Other defenders believe capitalists have a major role of ensuring economy remains stable and steady over a given duration by checking economic forces. This is possible through controlled utilization of resources.
This defence is not as convincing as one would expect it to; resource monopolization puts the poorest people in a disadvantageous position because they do not have equal share in the national cake. As much as most businessmen would expect effective control of market forces for productive business environment, capitalism does not offer the best option because the negative effects outweighs the benefits.
Teamwork and as an Important Part of Effective Performance Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Review of the call center’s mission and goal objectives
Review of Human Resource Objectives and Strategies
Forecasting human resource needs
Strategic planning and implementation
There are many possible reasons for the notable increase in the number of calls at the call center. The first reason could be due to laxity in customer service. The health care providers could be offering unsatisfactory service to patients leading to an increase in clients’ complaints.
An increase in complaints can increase the number of calls to the call center. The call center attendants could also be giving unsatisfactory responses to clients’ calls thus leading to repeated calls. The number of calls to the call center is bound to increase if the same clients make repeated calls over unresolved or unsatisfactorily resolved issues. The second possible reason is the increase in the number of clients in the health care organization.
Poor customer service to patients such as slow movement of long service queues and unnecessary referrals can also increase the number of calls. In view of the above possible causes of the increase in the number of calls at the call center, the following management plan is proposed as a solution.
Review of the call center’s mission and goal objectives The doubling of the number of calls at the call center is indicative of deterioration of customer service due to the above reasons. Therefore, as the call center manager, the first thing I will do is review of the vision and mission of the organization. This entails a review of the organization’s Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) (Jasper
Wheeler, Discovering the American Past and Equiano, Narrative Essay (Book Review) college admission essay help
Table of Contents Wheeler, Discovering the American Past, 35-56
Wheeler, Discovering the American Past, 57-81
Wheeler, Discovering the American Past, 82-102
Equiano, Narrative, 15-247
Wheeler, Discovering the American Past, 35-56 Wheeler observed that a number factors forced individuals to migrate from their countries to the US. For instance, the Puritans were escaping from the Church of England, which claimed that each person had to exercise religion supported by the state.
Any person found exercising a contrary religion was subjected to pain and suffering in the form of torture. Some followers of Puritanism found out that in the US, an individual would exercise religion of his or her choice without being persecuted by the state. In England, the state was inseparable from the church.
This meant that it was mandatory for each individual to follow state laws because they were consistent with the laws of the church. The church had no power to prosecute an individual for exercising a different religion, but instead it used the state to punish its enemies. As Puritans settled in the US, they adopted a different culture, which was closely related to that of Calvinism. Calvinism was a religion that exercised protestant ethics.
It claimed that Catholicism was wicked, and the church had no right to pray for an individual. In this regard, an individual had to take the responsibility of ensuring that a prayer is made each morning. Moreover, Puritans who migrated to the US adopted the ideas of Marx Weber on division of labor and specialization. They believed that specialization would increase resources in society. However, they believed that efficiency was a prerequisite of specialization.
The author showed how cultural aspects change with time. He also showed how Protestantism developed through complex stages. From the above summary, it can be noted that people migrate not only because of economic, political, and social reasons, but also due to cultural reasons. Furthermore, it is noted from the summary that the American society has always tolerated various groups in society, irrespective of gender, religion, and country of origin.
Wheeler, Discovering the American Past, 57-81 The author observes that the US has always served as the land of opportunities to various settlers. In England, the author observes that parents sent their children to America to access opportunities that could not be accessed locally. The US served as the manufacturing zone for English factories and industries. All raw materials produced in the US were transported to England for processing.
The same products could be taken back to the US for marketing. In other words, the author notes that economic developments witnessed in England in the 17th century owed much to the American agricultural system. Settlers could produce raw materials in the US and take them home for processing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This resulted to unfavorable balance of trade, which created tension between colonizers and natives. However, the colonial government in the US used the iron fist to maintain peace and stability in the country. The author notes that the British government came up with some economic policies aimed at increasing production of raw materials. For instance, the government noted that security was extremely valuable in any manufacturing process. It was therefore the role of each governor to ensure that peace prevailed in each state.
Form the above summary, colonialists used a number of ways to develop empires. The locals were subjected to unfair treatment only to benefit whites. Slavery was made legal in various parts of the country because slaves were expected to provide cheap labor. However, the author notes that Britons did not find it easy to settle in some parts of the country, such as Virginia due to environmental challenges.
Wheeler, Discovering the American Past, 82-102 During colonialism, government security forces used excessive force to restore peace and order even in situations that demanded negotiations. Those affected in the encounter with the security forces never received justice because the government moved in to defend soldiers. A case is given where members of the public attacked the soldier due to his unruly behavior.
The soldier was overpowered to an extent of calling for reinforcement from the neighboring military barracks. On arrival, soldiers were also overwhelmed since members of the public were not in good terms with the government. Therefore, they were forced to use force as the only available option. A number of people died, and others were seriously injured. The soldier who caused the problem was to be charged in the court of law, but his case was delayed deliberately.
The author observes that the judge made a ruling in time, but the communication was delayed for several hours because the government was reluctant to act. It is always claimed that justice delayed is justice denied. Therefore, the people of Boston were denied their rights because the soldier could still walk free yet he had caused deaths.
From the above summary, it is noted that colonialists never cared about the plight of the natives. They could not put in place measures aimed at raising the standards of the poor. The people of Boston were angered by the government policy that allowed foreigners to own large tracts of land yet Bostonians were languishing in poverty. This was the main reason why people took the law into their hands.
The locals felt that the government served the interests of the colonialists. Therefore, they had to come up with their own administrative system, which employed mob justice as a form of punishment.
We will write a custom Book Review on Wheeler, Discovering the American Past and Equiano, Narrative specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Equiano, Narrative, 15-247 The author explains the lives of slaves in the US and England. He starts by noting that people were often kidnapped, tortured, and ferried to new places. They could work as slaves without being provided with medication and enough food. In the first chapter, he describes the cultures and norms of his society. His society was a simple society that relied on subsistence agriculture for survival. Traditional aspects such as male chauvinism and respect for family values characterized life.
Those found proposing divorce were subjected to unfair treatment. They would easily be banished from the community. However, everything changed when immigrants settled in various parts of the village. The situation was worsened by the arrival of colonialists because people exchanged human beings with other commodities, such as money and farm produce.
In the second chapter, the author explains how society was corrupted to an extent of kidnapping people during the day. He was kidnapped together with his sister during the day. They were then taken to England to serve as slaves. The author explains that life was never normal because he was subjected to inhuman conditions, including being ferried in a container meant for goods.
In chapter three, he describes the nature of life in his new environment. He notes that life was so difficulty for foreigners yet foreigners enjoyed themselves in the US. This was an irony to him because Americans tolerated the existence of other people in their society.
In chapter four, he talks about his social life, including marriage and family life. However, he observes that marriage between different races was highly discouraged. Moreover, marriage ceremonies were conducted based on class and culture. Those with different cultures were not allowed to form any relationship that would lead to marriage.
In fact, marriage between slaves and the masters was considered an abomination. In the fifth chapter, the author talks about some of the injustices meted out to slaves in England. Slaves were treated in the same way as animals because they were expected to work for longer hours in farms. Any slave that complained would be treated brutally. In England, trespass was a serious crime that was punishable by death. It was believed that any slave who trespassed was trying to escape. Slaves could work even when it was raining.
A slave was somebody without a single right. At lunchtime, slaves could be given minimal time to eat poorly cooked food. This means that the health of slaves was never a concern to the masters. In other words, the food provided to slaves was meant to keep them alive, but not to sustain them. In the subsequent chapters, the author notes that natural calamities changed the attitudes of many masters.
For instance, the earthquake that took place in England transformed society. It weakened the economic capability of many producers. In fact, some masters lost their properties, forcing them to allow slaves to look for alternative sources of livelihood. For instance, the author was allowed to engage in trade.
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Problems Facing Healthcare Management Expository Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Financial Challenges and Healthcare Reform
Patient Safety and Quality
Introduction The health sector has experienced many challenges that threatened to cripple hospitals in the country. Some of the major problems identified by the American College of Healthcare Executives which include: financial challenges, healthcare reform implementation, government mandates, and patient safety and quality (American College of Healthcare Executives [ACHE], 2011).
Challenges facing the health sector seem to increase since the signing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law. So far, implementation of the act poses serious challenges which threaten to cripple operations in hospitals and other healthcare institutions.
Financial Challenges and Healthcare Reform According to ACHE, “financial challenges again ranked No 1 on the list of hospital CEOs’ top concerns in 2011…” (ACHE, 2011). Increasing the number of insured adults is a good source of revenue for healthcare providers especially after “they backed the president’s sweeping law and agreed to accept $155bn in cuts in government reimbursements over 10 years to pay for it” (Kirchgaessner, 2012).
This left various health institutions with little finances to support their daily operations. As a result, hospitals are now forced to adjust their expenses and renegotiate new contracts with their suppliers.
So far, a number of Republican governors have refused to carry out the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in their states. Limited finances given to healthcare providers lock out uninsured people from accessing health services. This is “devastating for hospitals who are legally obliged to treat these patients” (Kirchgaessner, 2012).
Patient Safety and Quality Since the government enacted financial cuts in healthcare reimbursement, healthcare providers cannot guarantee patient safety and quality. The situation is becoming worse due to the rising cost of medical supplies. Healthcare providers frequently review contracts with their suppliers as well as cut the number of staff to fit their budgets.
Contract reviews affect the supply of medical products paralyze activities in the hospital. Reducing medical staff increases the pressure on staff to keep up the required patient safety and quality standards. All healthcare institutions aim at providing the highest quality services according to the hospital’s mission and vision. With reduced finances, these institutions are not able to meet their vision
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Government Mandate The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act gives everybody medical insurance as part of the broader Medicare coverage. This act aims at increasing the number of insured people in the country. This blanket insurance cover has led to a debate whether the federal government should enact it on all its citizens.
According to a report published by Health Care Management Review, research shows that “mandatory individual insurance coverage in Massachusetts was followed by a significant near-term drop in hospital productivity” (Wolters Kluwer Health, 2012).
The government believes that “individual insurance” is justified to compensate healthcare providers for the cuts in government reimbursements. According to the research, patient safety and quality will drop drastically if the number of insured people increases.
Currently, the Affordable Care Act law poses a major challenge to the government, healthcare institutions and the public due to the standoff in its implementation. A number of governors argue that, “those provisions of the law represented brazen intrusions into the sovereignty of the state” (Kirchgaessner, 2012). In the end, it’s the hospitals which suffer since they are not able to get the necessary finances to give quality services.
Conclusion Most of the problems facing healthcare institutions are as a result of political differences. If the health institutions are able to receive the required funds, they will give quality healthcare for all. For this to succeed, government and states should streamline their policies to enable healthcare providers give quality Medicare for all.
References American College of Healthcare Executives (2011). Top Issues Confronting Hospitals:2011. Web.
Kirchgaessner, S. (2012). US Hospitals Face Financial Problems. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Problems Facing Healthcare Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams
Mythology’s Role in the Ancient Greece – God Poseidon Creative Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
The main character in this discussion is Poseidon god. This god was referred to as god of seas and oceans in ancient Greek. He lived at the place called Aegae in the deep sea where he used to keep horses and chariots that he used for transport. His wife was called Amphitrite and had three children.
He also had other children that he bore with other mortal women and divinities. In ancient Greek people believed that storms and earthquakes happened under the influence of this god. However, just like human beings, these gods had flaws such as jealousy, anger and fear.
Therefore, these gods were immoral and committed mistakes. This paper explores on an ancient Greek myth, “the seas and oceans are controlled by gods that must be appeased to ensure that havoc such as earthquakes and storms do not occur”. It focuses on Poseidon god of the seas and oceans in Ancient Greek that was to be appeased through sacrifices to ensure that seas and oceans remained calm.
The major problem or issue that made Poseidon god to cause havoc in the sea was failure to be offered sacrifices by the people. The god caused mayhem in the seas through earthquakes, floods and storms. During such moments, the sailors and people who lived near the seas experienced problems as they lost their properties and even life. He caused this havoc because he wanted people to offer sacrifices to him. When such sacrifices were not offered, this angers the god and destruction happened to awaken the people of their duty.
Therefore, people accorded respect to the god because they were under his mercies and could not go against his interests. Therefore, people could not get peace without satisfying the god of the seas. They could not get islands to go and live if they failed to offer sacrifices to appease the good to create them. They drowned their horses to honor the god so as to please him to do according to their wish.
The problem that Poseidon caused was only solved when human being decided to offer sacrifices to him. He was a good full of anger and could cause havoc in the ship that would lead to shipwrecks, earthquakes, chaotic springs and drowning. He was believed to be the creator and the controller of the sea therefore, people gave him respect and they make him to become angry.
Therefore, Many scarifies were offered to this god and they included black and white bulls, wild boars and rams. They were thrown in wells in places such as Deine as a sign of sacrifice. Once these sacrifices were offered to him, he restored calm in the seas and oceans, and sailors regained their peace.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He also created horses and coached people skills of managing horses. This god is attributed to the protector and originator of the horses releases. Therefore, he formed positive relationship with people by coaching them to ride horses. Such periods were clear indication that peace was prevailing.
Therefore, because of close association with these horses, he was often depicted riding on the horseback or riding using his chariots, which were drawn by four or two horses. This close association made people regard him as the friend of chariots, as he sometimes metamorphosed or transformed into a horse to deceive his attackers or enemies.
He also solved problem because of his benevolence nature at some occasions especially when he was calm. For instance, when he was peaceful, he could raise the islands out of the seas on which people could come and live. Therefore, his personality differed with difference circumstances and situations.
Poseidon was also a greedy god because he was involved in a number of disputes with other gods, especially when he wanted to take over cities that were reined by other gods. For instance, he attempted to take over the city of Athens but could not succeed as Athena managed to retain it.
When islands sprout ad storms remained calm, people knew that the god was happy and therefore the problem was solved. The god could restore peace in the seas and oceans once sacrifices were made to him. He could also make new islands to sprout where people went to live. These were depictions that peace had regained and everything was in order. Poseidon was a god who reigned over the sea. He had many characteristics that were different from other gods.
He was the greatest Olympian god who reigned in the sea, floods and droughts, rivers, horses and earthquakes. The god was portrayed as a mature man, strong in physique. He kept a dark beard and held a trident in his hand. The god drove a chariot of hippocampus. The trident he always held in his hand was a sign of power and mighty. The spears were used to break rocks to calm the storms in the sea.
Once the problem or the conflict between human being and the god was over, the people continued to enjoy the resources that were in the sea. They could go to sail and fish without worry because the seas remained calm. They also went to the islands and lived there peacefully. The god had no problem or issue with the people and therefore, he allowed them to engage in their activities. People were also aware of their duties of giving their sacrifices to the gods.
We will write a custom Essay on Mythology’s Role in the Ancient Greece – God Poseidon specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some characters of this god became evident such as greediness when there was nothing disturbing him. He got involved in a number of disputes with other gods, especially when he wanted to take over cities that were reined by other gods. For instance, he attempted to take over the city of Athens but could not succeed as Athena managed to retain it. He wanted to take everything to his control as depicted from the greediness to acquire the territory of other gods.
Therefore, to sum up, it is evident that myths in the ancient Greek played a key role in the lives of many people. For instance, the myths related to ancient Greek god Poseidon illustrates the importance of obeying and doing according to the will of the gods. Poseidon was a god of the sea and therefore was to be respected.
Just like a human being, he had strengths in other areas as well as some flaws in others. His anger could cause havoc and damage properties and lives of people. Therefore, it is an interesting myth to read because it captures the instincts of a reader. Their problems with the sea were solved when they respected and gave their sacrifices to the god. It is a very interesting myth that many generation can learn be informed about the truth or the sincerity in such myths.
Fighting for the Right to Choose: Students Should Have the Freedom to Pick the Courses They Want Argumentative Essay college admissions essay help
Whoever studies at college quickly learns that, in addition to the main subjects, there are a lot of additional ones. The latter seem to have been invented only to make life harder. Most students tend to think that the additional subjects are unnecessary, since they have nothing to do with the chosen subject area. However, most teachers still consider that learning additional subjects is necessary. Thus, it can be suggested that students can choose the subjects to study on their own.
Before proceeding with the analysis of the opponents’ opinions, it is necessary to take a closer look at what defines the students’ choice. There are number of factors which impact peoples’ decision on what major or additional subject to choose, yet there are certain paradigms among the common choices. Learning more about these patterns, one can assess the students’ ability to choose their subjects more accurately. According to what Porter and Umbach claim, the students’ choice depends mostly on the following factors:
Social ones: “Social capital and cultural capital, largely represented by parental influence , have a significant impact on major choice” (Porter and Umbach 434);
The parents’ opinion: “Some research has linked the attention a mother pays to a student’s academic work to selection of a public service major” (Porter and Umbach 435);
Self-efficacy: “a large body of literature points to self- efficacy as an important factor of student major choice” (Porter and Umbach 439). Therefore, personal choice takes the third place, which means that students’ convictions about their future profession and what they are going to need to have it might not be formed yet as they enter college.
However, according to the USA higher education principles, students are already informed enough to choose the college courses which will help them progress in their major. Consequently, students should be allowed to pick the subjects which they are going to study together with the main one. As Goldrik-Rab and Roksa explain, “College students need study skills in order to learn course content, must choose courses wisely to develop college majors, and make consistent progress in earning college credits toward degrees” (10).
In addition, it is worth mentioning that students differ in their skills and knowledge base; hence, students need to pay different amount of attention to different subjects, while, with compulsory subjects, equal amount of time is offered for each student to handle the topic. The above-mentioned practice can lead to getting some of the skills trained worse than others. The given argument also speaks in favor of allowing students to choose courses on their own.
However, the arguments of the teachers, who suggest that there should be certain compulsory courses which students have to attend disregarding their preferences as well as their major, are solid as well. For instance, the Allen and Robins’ research shows that “For some major groups, the likelihood of persisting does not appear to be impacted much by students’ interests” (Allen and Robins 72-73).
Hence, in most cases, the grade on a certain subject does not depend on whether the given subject relates to the students’ major or even whether a student likes the subject or not. With that in mind, the students’ complaints concerning additional subjects as an obstacle to learning the major is inconsistent.
Nevertheless, the arguments which students offer regarding their right to choose not only their major, but also the rest of the subjects, are rather reasonable. To start with, the first and the foremost issue to discuss is the payment for the courses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indeed, the money issue is the trickiest aspect when it comes to choosing between various subjects. Hence, it is important for a student that his/her “investments” could pay off in the future. Consequently, it seems that it is a student’s responsibility to pick the material which (s)he considers the most essential for his/her further professional development.
As Callender and Jackson explain, the money issues are quite topical for the modern education system: “Students who are poor before going to university are more likely to be in debt and to leave university with the largest debts, while better-off students are less likely to have debts and leave with the lowest debts” (4). Hence, it is quite logical that students should decide themselves what they want to pay – or, for that matter, their parents should.
Indeed, the problem is by far more complicated than it seems to be. However, there are certain ways to figure out what kind of courses is the most appropriate to pick. One of the most obvious suggestions is to think of what skills each of the subjects in question helps train and assess every single skill.
Evaluating the significance of these skills for a student’s supposed future profession, one will be able to choose the proper courses. As the author of Standards and Students Coursetaking claims, “Once in place, such “real-world standards” would help students choose courses and guide them to expend sufficient effort in high school, reducing the need for remedial courses in college” (Standards and Students Coursetaking).
Hence, it can be concluded that there is still a considerable problem about letting students decide what subjects exactly they need to complete their education and become full-fledged professionals.
On the one hand, students have the right to decide what they are going to become and, therefore, which subjects to study. On the other hand, teachers are considerably more experienced and must know what skills one must have not only to become a professional, but also to obtain a certain job in the given field. Therefore, the importance of teachers’ decision is not to be underrated as well.
Nevertheless, the additional subjects for “broadening students’ horizon” can be too much time-consuming. This means that a student might not be able to qualify for his/her major. Thus, students should be allowed to choose the subjects they need in accordance with their abilities and skills.
We will write a custom Essay on Fighting for the Right to Choose: Students Should Have the Freedom to Pick the Courses They Want specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Allen, Jeff and Steven B. Robbins. “Prediction of College Major Persistence Based on Vocational Interests, Academic Preparation, and First Year Academic Performance.” Research in Higher Education. 49.1 (2008): 62-79. Web.
Callender, Claire, and Jonathan Jackson. “Does the Fear of Debt Deter Students from Higher Education?” Journal of Social Policy. 34.4 (2005): 509-540. Web.
Goldrik-Rab, Sara and Josipa Roksa 2008, A Federal Agenda for Promoting Success and Degree Completion. PDF file. Web.
Porter, Stephen R. and Paul D. Umbach. “College Major Choice: An Analysis of Person-Environmental Fit.” Research in Higher Education. 47.4 (2006): 429-449. Web.
Standards and Students Coursetaking Web.
Was the response by Chinese government to Ningbo protest justified? Expository Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Since August 2012, Chinese citizens in the city of Ningbo started protesting over the plans by the Chinese government to expand a chemical plant near the city (Spegele, 2012). Since the beginning of the protests, the police and local government officials tried to quell the riots.
However, the riots continued, and there were still protests on the sixth day (Jacobs, 2012). The protests turned violent and the Chinese police tried to quell the riots aggressively. However, the protests continued with the protesters accusing the government of being insensitive. On the other hand, the government accuses protester of engaging in unconventional protests (Spegele, 2012). Are the protests justified, or are they an unlawful breach of civil order as the Chinese government claims?
Over the last one decade, china has become the biggest manufacturer in the world (Jacobs, 2012). Multinational companies, most of them from Europe, have relocated their operations to China due to availability of cheap labor and raw materials in the country. The Chinese government has been encouraging this kind of investment by reluctance to enforce laws to protect the environment (Jacobs, 2012).
Many factories have been set up in china without observation of international regulations regarding the environment and waste disposal, and the Chinese people seem to have a right to protest against such actions. If such mal-practices are allowed in such a country with numerous industrial establishments, an environmental disaster may occur. Such a disaster is likely to affect the whole world including China (Gayathri, 2012).
Secondly, since establishment of a communist government in china, authorities have always been hostile to any kind of concerns over governance of the country. It has become increasingly difficult to coerce the government to observe ethical practices through any formal means. This leaves protests as the only way the Chinese people can communicate with their government (Executive Commission of China, 2012).
The Chinese government has consistently silenced any protest in the quest to protect its socialist structure. During the Ningbo protests, police used excessive force against protesters.
The protests turned more violent when the protesters retaliated with stone throwing and hurling other projectiles towards the riot police officers (Jacobs, 2012). Censuring of media has also been a common practice in China for various political reasons. This is one of the major reasons why the public in china is eventually resulting to violent protests.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the reasons for the ferocity of the protests in Ningbo is that the factory to be expanded was expected to produce a petrochemical that is usually a pollutant its final products are not handled with care (Gayathri, 2012. Paraxylene is widely used in manufacture of plastic containers as an alternative to other plastics and glass.
The containers used are easy to recycle, but paraxylene itself is lethal if it somehow pollutes the environment. The area in which the factory is to be built is already polluted with many chemicals from the industrial section of the city (Spegele, 2012).
The government embarked on the factory expansion project without considering the importance of opinion of the people. This has been the trend for Chinese government for most of industrial projects within the city (Gayathri, 2012). Perhaps, this is a tactic used by the government to escape criticism.
This shows lack of openness in the government’s activities. Ideally, a government should be open in all its activities in order to serve the people properly (Executive Commission of China, 2012). The manner in which police handled protesters portrays an intolerant government, which uses excess force to silence the public into accepting its will.
Over years, the Chinese government has been engaged in an economic competition with western powers. The difference in ideologies is the cause of the antagonism between china and western countries. The competition requires quick industrial growth to keep up with the financial demands in the international market.
China has been encouraging industrial growth for political reasons rather than for civil prosperity (Spegele, 2012). This makes the citizens the victims of the struggle for ideological supremacy between China and the western countries. Thus, the protesters in Ningbo have a right to protest for consideration of the environment by the Chinese government.
In past protest against industrialization by the Chinese government, the plans to industrialize some parts of the country continued even after people complained the developers were failing to observe their responsibilities towards the environment. In many of the projects, the government stopped progress when considerable amount of public money had already been spent. This was done due to public pressure rather than on government’s own volition.
We will write a custom Essay on Was the response by Chinese government to Ningbo protest justified? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Public funds were always being wasted on such incomplete projects all over China (Gayathri, 2012). To avert the possibility of the government wasting more money on incomplete projects the protesters were justified to hold protest. Some of the protesters expressed their concern over the government’s unwillingness to respond to public queries in all campaigns against irresponsible industrialization. In many occasions, the public resorts to confrontation with the authorities.
The Chinese government has also been accused of starting industrialization projects without adequate investigations to establish the impact of the industrial activities on the environment. An investigation into the nature of the project and its effects on the local environment is usually assessed after public unrest (Tam, 2012). The protesters in Ningbo had a reason to stage a protest since the government started the project without giving a full public report of the safety of the environment and the people of Ningbo.
Another reason for the protests is the unconventional control of the mass media by the Chinese government. All news and content of material broadcast over Chinese mass media is carefully filtered to favor the opinion of the communist party (Tam, 2012). This suppression of the media has sealed an important channel through which public issues can be resolved.
Consequently, the Chinese public often results to protests as the only way to express its discontent with the manner in which projects of significant public interest are being handled.
On the other hand, some people argue that the Chinese government had a reason for the apparently violent repulsion of the protesters. In addition, some people are of the opinion that the Chinese government had the right to build the factory in Ningbo for various scientific and factual reasons.
Such claims seek to legitimize the response of Chinese government and its bid to expand the factory in Ningbo (Tam, 2012). Furthermore, these arguments legitimize many other actions by the Chinese government regarding its industrialization activities in other parts of the country.
China is the largest country in terms of population. For this reason, massive industrialization is necessary to support the large population. Industrialization provides jobs for China’s huge population, which already suffers a significant unemployment rate. If the government has to observe its responsibility towards the people, then it has to set up industries to create employment and generate income (Tam, 2012).
While the protesters may have a right to protect their environment, it is also rational that some industrialization projects must be allowed for development and political stability to prevail. The protest in Ningbo may have been due to a culture of protests rather than genuine concern for the environment.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Was the response by Chinese government to Ningbo protest justified? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One government official claimed that protesters were ignorant of the efforts by the Chinese government to create formal forums trough which public concerns can be attended to (Zuo, 2012). The Chinese government claims that it has changed its approach in dealing with matters of public concerns over time. However, the government claims that the protesters are unwilling to acknowledge this effort. It is for this reason that the Chinese government is hostile towards the protesters (Zuo, 2012).
There are also concerns that the protesters in Ningbo are also ill- informed on their subject of protest. Most of the protesters were not informed about the formal preparation that the Chinese government may have done prior to authorization of the expansion project. Most of the protests were mobilized through social media. This was evident by the number of protesters who displayed pages of social networking sites on their mobile devices. Such protests are obviously susceptible to manipulation particularly during such a time.
The Chinese government is going to undergo a political overhaul that rarely happens and is only done once a decade (Zuo, 2012). It is possible that some politicians intending to cause civil unrest are using the industrial project as an excuse. Thus, the police and the local authorities have a right to try to stop the protests.
Most of the protests in Ningbo were considered illegal by the authorities. The local authorities did not legally sanction the protests before they began. Such protests could pose danger to civil order and stability. Protesters often turned violent and hurled projectiles at police officers (LaFraniere, 2012).
It is only reasonable that the police should stop any violent protest in any society. The local authorities accuse protesters of hooliganism and unacceptable conduct during the protest. One official expressed concern over the tendency of crowds of protesters to barricade roads by erecting barriers and sitting in the middle of the roads (LaFraniere, 2012).
Chinese government officials also accused protesters of unwillingness to engage in dialogue. The officials cite the continued protests even as the government promised to investigate the Ningbo project and the danger that is posed to the local environment (LaFraniere, 2012). In addition, the government says that it had informed the public of the planned projects and even evacuated those people who were living in unacceptable proximity of the factory in Ningbo.
Consultation with investors are said to have taken place to discuss potential environmental hazards that the plant might cause (LaFraniere, 2012). The police defended their actions by saying that all the methods used to quell the riots were used with consideration of public safety. According to authorities, no action was taken without reasonable purpose.
Finally, the authorities in china claim that the protesters were overreacting to the manufacture of paraxylene. According to the local authorities, this chemical is one of the few organic materials that enable industries produce recyclable plastic containers (“Chinese factory plan”, 2012).
The danger posed to the public is relatively mild with exposure and insignificant when production process is precisely controlled. In fact, the authorities insist that the use of the chemical is necessary to reduce impact of plastic products on the environment.
The issue of Ningbo protest presents a dilemma due to the nature of arguments by the protesters and the authorities (“Chinese factory plan”, 2012). The protesters claim that their government has consistently failed to heed public concerns regarding industrialization projects that pose danger to the immediate environment. Such unwillingness to consider the opinion of the public necessitated mass action.
Considering the scale of industrialization that is taking place in China, it is obvious that location of many chemical industries near a highly populated urban settlement poses health risks to residents (LaFraniere, 2012). It is possible that the protesters had a reason to resist the attempt to expand the Ningbo factory. The city of Ningbo is already a major industrial center with many chemical plants.
These plants are said to cause pollution and extensive environmental damage to the city of Ningbo (“Chinese factory plan”, 2012). Ti is reasonable that the protesters tried to stop the expansion of the chemical factory. On the other hand, the authorities have a duty to maintain civil order.
Thus, it was necessary to respond to violent protesters in the appropriate way. Such response is inevitably bound to lead to arrests and forceful suppression of the protests. It is also important that protests are based on genuine concerns rather than biased claims in the social media. Protests based solely on reports in the social media are prone to manipulation by political entities especially during such a period with significant political activity.
However based on the nature of the government in china and the history of political and social suppression that the country is known for, it is reasonable to conclude that the protests in china were addressing genuine concerns. Thus, the response to protests by police was not justified under the prevailing circumstances.
References Chinese factory plan ditched after protests (2012). The Guardian. Web.
Executive Commission of China, E. C. (2012). Congressional Commision of China. U.S. Government Printing Office Home Page. Web.
Gayathri, A. (2012). Chinese Protests Over Chemical Factory Reflect Government Mistrust. International Business Times – International Business News, Financial News, Market News, Politics, Forex, Commodities. Web.
Jacobs, A. (2012). A Third Day of Protests in China against Refinery. The New York Times. Web.
LaFraniere, S. (2012). Plant Protest Shows China’s Officials Under Pressure – NYTimes.com. The New York Times – Breaking News, World News
Influence of Hello Kitty on Japanese women identity Analytical Essay custom essay help
Introduction For several decades now, art has influenced the social and economic life of people worldwide. Due to art, numerous animations have emerged, and thus aspect explains the origin and background of Hello Kitty, a Japanese animated cat stature that has received great public attention since its emergence back in the year 1974, in Japan. Hello Kitty has played a vital role in shaping the social and economic life of the Japanese people (McVeigh, 2000).
In economical view, the cartoon-looking cat has influenced the market strategies used by companies to promote their goods. For instance, the animated cat enhanced the marketing of debit cards invented by credit card companies by attracting customers that led to massive profits.
In shaping social life of the Japanese people, this bobtail cat has influence the living style of young women in Japan. However, it is not known to what extent the animated cat influences their identity. Hence, this essay seeks to establish how Hello Kitty Influences the structuring of Japanese women identity.
Origin of Hello Kitty in Japan Hello Kitty is a Japanese bobtail cat that originated from the arts of a Japanese woman, Yuko Shimizu. Later on, a Japanese stationery company, Sanrio, introduced Kitty into the market.
The doll initially targeted the adolescent females, but got public attention, and elder females and children familiarised with it. Hello Kitty has shaped the fashion culture in Japan with numerous women liking it from its logos on products to body tattoos (Kovarovic, 2011). Although men as well like the doll, it is a women subculture in Japan and the outskirts.
The doll has received fame to the extent that it appears on a variety of products ranging from consumer products including school supplies, wallpapers, stickers, teddy bears, and toys, greeting cards to electronics including phone accessories, computer products, and televisions to outfits including clothes, female handbags, and even jewelleries.
The doll has also proven significant in enhancing companies’ promotional strategies; for instance, commercial companies, especially banks used Hello Kitty emblems to produce cheques, visa debit cards, and master cards.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The spread of Hello Kitty Hello Kitty spread from local Japanese market to international boundaries, influencing the cultural and personal lifestyles of people across the globe. After its release into the Japanese market, the animated cat got public attention due to its appearance and penetrated across international boundaries into the United States in the year 1976.
As the cartooned cat become famous, its demand rose exponentially. It survived market competition and managed to conquer and replace some American popular cultures. It captured American women with its incredible colours and its entire appearance.
Kovarovic (2011) posits, “Consumerism in the US creates successful retail of Hello Kitty” (p.4). In fact, the youthfulness and cuteness of the cartoon attracted women of all ages, since old age in the US is associated with several negative aspects like becoming weak, unattractive, and lonely. The cat got a good reception in several other countries like Germany, Latin American, and Britain making changes in women of all ages.
The influence of Hello Kitty on Fashion and Design Women appearance is normally their biggest concern. How they appear in the public eye is always their main worry, but Hello Kitty has significantly reduced their fret. The rise and fame of Hello Kitty penetrated the fashion and design industry from Japan to the heights of international borders.
Since it targeted adolescent females, the designs were contrived to target the same population. This led to the adoption of art by designers and integrating it into different attires ranging from clothing, bracelets, handbags, and beautiful tattoos designed around their bodies. The animated cat came in lovely colours including the most attractive pink colour, which women love most (Wai-ming, 2002).
Since the doll appeared as feminine, women wanted to mimic this appearance with most of them appearing in dresses with colours resembling those of Hello Kitty coupled with bracelets and handbags tattooed with its logo (Yano, 2009). Hello Kitty led to an advanced change in the Japanese women’s lifestyle ranging from cultural and economical to comparative perspectives.
Since the innovation of the exquisite Hello Kitty animated cat, several intricate designs have emerged making it seem equally important in the dressing and life style of women.
We will write a custom Essay on Influence of Hello Kitty on Japanese women identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To begin with, Hello Kitty has appeared on several women likings including the dresses, shoes, handbags, jewellery, tops, and even body designs including tattooing (Rebecca, 2012). It appears in several dimensions and styles. The animated cat appears in the form of printed images, photos, dolls, or even logos. With the rising fame of Hello Kitty, the same way women want to get public attention.
The fashion and design companies ensured that the cat stature appeared in every new fashion and intricate designs. This triggered the appetite of women in dressing, forcing them to go round searching for popular branded Hello Kitty outfits. The animated cat significantly influenced the design companies outside Japan as it acquired extraordinary prominence in the United States, which is known for its influence in the international market.
Hello Kitty’s Influence in Women identity The emergence of Hello Kitty portrays one important aspect of under contentment mostly found in several women, which influence the aspect of consumerism in the market. Generally, Hello Kitty changed the consumption level and trends in Japanese women (Yano, 2009). Consumerism and consumptions are two terms used to describe the tendency in which individuals use a certain product.
Influence is simply the ability to cause a change either positive or negative. According to Rebecca (2012), since its appearance into the global market in early 1970s, the consumption trend of Hello Kitty products has been on a constant rise. Since women are trendy, Hello Kitty served their psychological needs.
Their stylish desires contributed to an increase in consumption of Kitty’s products that appeared in different designed cuties and exotic appeals to trigger women’s level of the product consumerism (Yano, 2009). This consumerism factor influences the Japanese women identity. However, Hello Kitty influences the structure of these women through its consumption in several ways. These include the following:
Hello Kitty’s exotic appeal Since its emergence in the Japanese as well as the global market, Hello Kitty comes in a variety of cuties and appeals. These cuties and appeals were very strong since 1970s to 1980s, when Hello Kitty was the most popular cartooned art in that era. Its beautiful appearance in attractive tints including the most preferred women colours like white and pink enhanced the use and consumption of Hello Kitty and its respective products.
Wai-ming (2002), observes that Japanese women, especially the young and adolescent ones, love exotic possessions especially those who have western qualities. Apart from the aspect of enthusing young females, the cartoon’s appearance takes the children and as well as the elderly in fantasies.
The children and the elderly like things that sooth their age as they hate being frustrated in their age. With the western identity, most female like associating themselves with Hello Kitty products. In short, the animated beautiful cat triggers women attention into emulating its qualities to bring out resemblance in appearance.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Influence of Hello Kitty on Japanese women identity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Merchandisation of Hello Kitty Hello Kitty has survived market competition and antagonism for over thirty years. In fact, the animated cat has managed to manipulate the market and play in the monopolistic technique for several years.
This merchandisation enables Hello Kitty to dominate the local, regional, and global markets around the universe. Wai-ming (2002), posits, “The merchandisation of the Hello Kitty makes it a decorative, useful and collectable item” (p.16). Different items and products are decorated in Hello Kitty’s logos, photos, scanned images, and even simple drawings.
Products like school stationery including bags, books, pens, and pencils are decorated with Hello Kitty and other consumer goods like cutlery, handkerchiefs, women handbags, cosmetics, glasses, toasters, and electronics including mobile phone cases, CDs, DVD players, radio covers, computers accessories to even big commercial goods inclusive of bikes, cars, and aeroplanes.
The Kitty cartoon has also been significant in helping Japanese banks to promote their services by using Kitty logos and photos on the bank account books, credit cards, and even visa cards.
Global Reputation of Hello Kitty Hello Kitty and its products have constantly gained international demand. Through global industrialisation, Hello Kitty received substantial global popularisation making it the most renowned cartoon art all over the globe. To begin with, Hello Kitty has appeared in several meaningful occasions including those that are associated with prominent persons within the globe.
According to Kovarovic (2011), the cartoon was once the most famous cartoon art used in the US. The cartoon has linked with several prominent states and leaders including the U.S. senate Byron Dorgan, who publicly displayed a one meter pre-paid debit card poster on the floor of the U.S. senate during the 2007-2010 financial crisis moments.
The cartooned cat got popularisation to Thailand and its borders as the national police officers were punished for the contravention made by putting on Hello Kitty armbands as a form of punishment. This global fame makes Japanese women love to associate with the cartoon.
Nature and culture of Japanese women The Kitty mania got support from the nature and culture of the Japanese women who are generally trendy. In women, Hello Kitty manoeuvred through the potentiality of the Japanese women culture of falling in love with fancy materials. Popularly known as “Kawaii”, is the degree of cuteness describing the Japanese culture (Kelly, 1986).
This culture influences the shape in which manufactured materials like clothing, food, or even commercial goods appear. The culture greatly influences personal attributes and appearance. Wai-ming (2002) asserts that Japanese young women ranging from young teenage to adolescent and women in their late thirties are fond of liking fashion, and thus demonstrating their culture in products of every design.
The music and drama industries are characterised by the use of such cartoon to attract fans from several parts of Japan. According to the culture, this cuteness is equally expected in both males and females. Therefore, due to the existing culture, Hello Kitty penetrated through the Japanese culture making it acceptable to people of every gender and age.
Hello Kitty’s Literature The emergence of Hello Kitty led to great advancement in women identity and appearance with the literature of the cartoon, thus enhancing its consumption.
The cartooned cat had several literatures produced in different forms. According to Moeran (2004), writers in Japan developed reading materials like funny storybooks of Hello Kitty, photo galleries, newspapers, and magazines. Kitty’s literature was also established in love and romantic magazines, which most female and lovers became attracted to read. The literatures of Kitty products and goods diversified across e-resources like the Internet, which came in the form of kid games and relationship sites.
Moeran (2004) asserts, “Women’s fashion magazines have for many years depicted in their pages European and American fashion designers of which Hello Kitty was been on regularly appearance” (p.56) indicating how women can shape their fashion and designs. Games of Kitty image seem attractive with romantic decors that trigger women into expanding their consumption on Kitty’s products.
Sanrio’s Company Efforts Sanrio, the initiator and producing company of several Kitty products has adversely influenced how women and Hello Kitty relate. Sanrio ensured a positive relationship between the cartoon and customers, thus enhancing loyalty amongst consumers. Sun (2009) states, “This brand owns a group of loyal customers and so this Japanese company, Sanrio, receives wide support from those young women in Japan who prefer prettiness” (p.66).
The company ensured that it enhanced corroborative techniques to substantiate with other companies that were wiling to design and improve products produced by Sanrio, the main company. The extension of Hello Kitty’s market into the United States was successful through Sanrio’s efforts.
In fact, the company ensured that it produced goods that are friendly to most females to flavour the availability market influence of Hello Kitty. According to Sun (2009), the design around the image of Hello Kitty motivated the sense of concern and protection of these women.
Music and Decors Music is a favourite element of almost everyone across the globe, with the taste depending on individual interest. Hello Kitty managed to capture the interest of several musicians who used the cartoon in their videos and live performance. Prominent musicians including Japanese culture musicians like Palmer and Yarckin used the cartoon in creating their popular Japanese cultural music like J-pop music and others.
Since women love associating themselves with prominent people like music celebrities, this aspect played a significant role in influencing the consumption of Hello Kitty products. The Kitty products like band got prominence even in the late 1990s, as popular American artists like Marian Carey adopted Hello Kitty among their fashions.
According to Rebecca (2012), musicians used the arts of the cartoon on nail decorations, which led other Japanese women to adopt the art. Rebecca (2012) asserts, “Nail art lessons in magazines include “tribal” designs and often touch upon the ‘ethnic’ aesthetic” (p. 122). Women love music just as men do. Therefore, as their music icons used Kitty products so do they got attracted.
Television series and programs Since time immemorial, media has been very influential to Japanese women’s culture and personalities. Several media techniques are used to pass messages regarding new products and fashions that are currently dominating the market. Hello Kitty was popular in Japanese media, which also played a significant role in spreading the Japanese culture.
In this sense, TVs play an important role in spreading media information (Yano, 2009). Several television programs demonstrated Hello Kitty products that helped it obtain extensive fame. Wai-ming (2002) posits, “Compared with Japanese television dramas, fashions, movies, or J-pop, Japanese fancy merchandise like Hello Kitty is more subtle in conveying Japanese ideas and values” (p.16). Superstars acted programs that ran through the TVs and women want to associate with famous actors.
There were video games, karaoke, and music programs that demonstrated Hello Kitty products, which were on popular demand. This element influenced the structuring of women to greater heights. By 1970s and 1990s, several Japanese programs were thrilling and captured several viewers.
Conclusion Hello Kitty, the popular animated bobtail cat that dominated the Japanese social, economical, and even the psychological lives played a considerable role in structuring of Japanese women identify. McVeigh (2000) assert that Hello Kitty appeared in different ways enabling it to dominate the Japanese market.
Due its global fame, variance in product supplies, and its cuteness, Hello Kitty managed to lure women into acquiring its products of which were mostly attractive, enthusing, and available in cheap goods, which were quite affordable to women.
The company Sanrio, Japanese media, Japanese women culture, and global market trends enabled Hello Kitty products to penetrate easily into the market with women admiring the arts done by musicians, dramatists, and actors regarding Hello Kitty. Japanese women admired Hello Kitty in different ways including the appearance and colour.
References Kelly, W. (1986). Rationalisation and Nostalgia: Cultural Dynamics of New Middle-Class Japan. American Ethnologist, 13(4), 603-618.
Kovarovic, S. (2011). Hello Kitty: A Brand Made of Cuteness. Web.
McVeigh, B.J. (2000). How Hello Kitty Commodifies the Cute, Cool and Camp: ‘Consumutopia’ versus ‘Control’ in Japan. Journal of Material Culture, 5(2), 225-245.
Moeran, B. (2004). Soft Sell, Hard Cash: Marketing J-Cult in Asia. Copenhagen: CBS.
Rebecca, S. (2012). Nailed it: Producing and Consuming in Tokyo’s Nail industry. Journal of Street Notes, 20,111-133.
Sun, S. (2009). An Analysis on the Conditions and Methods of Market Segmentation. International Journal of Business and Management, 4(2), 63-70.
Wai-ming, B. (2002). The Hello Kitty Craze in Singapore: A Cultural and Comparative Analysis. Web.
Yano, C.R. (2009). Wink on Pink: Interpreting Japanese Cute as it Grabs the Global Headlines. The Journal of Asian Studies, 68(3), 681-688.
Women and Consumption in Japan Research Paper college essay help near me
Introduction At the start of the 1990s when the economic bubble exploded, the earlier sense of individuality amongst the majority of Japanese consumers became clattered as the idea of permanent employment busted and numerous people were fired from their jobs. This uneasy era of economic decline together with the appearance of independent-minded women, added to a collapse of traditional societal systems and the formation of a Japanese customer with preferences that varied noticeably in comparison to the bubble era.
During the previous decade, there was suppressing of lux-aholic conduct with respect to the 1980s craving. Nevertheless today, as the Consumer Confidence Index remains less than 50, customer attitude is moderately positive as the nation and its populace gradually ascend out of a downturn stage.
Additionally, as opposed to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) where fashions, cuteness, and brands are an appearance of social status, earnings coupled with refined preferences that permit consumers to differentiate themselves from the typical in Japanese fashion signify the typical Japanese (Japan Market Resource Network, 2007, pp. 2-3). The methodology used in this research project can be employed in studying the association involving women and consumption in the United Arab Emirates.
In a bid to shed light on major alterations in the connection involving women and consumption in Japan, this research paper discusses Japanese consumers, examines accessible secondary data, and discusses consumer groups. In addition, this research paper carries out an Internet study to elucidate Japanese views, mindsets, and aspirations toward fashions, cuteness, and brands. This paper reflects the varying positions and attitudes of Japanese women toward purchasing fashions, cuteness, and brands.
Moreover, this paper will disclose that concern in fashions, cuteness, and brands has decreased with time (Chadha,
Hip-hop and the Japanese Culture Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction The chronicle of the hip-hop music in Japan can be traced back to 1983 when following the arrival of Hiroshi Fujiwara in the country with hip-hop music versions.
This period saw the playing of hip-hops in the form of break dance in Tokyo, Japan. It was presented through live performances and films. At this time, people began to play hip-hops in discos though many of them could not understand it. They just liked its dancing moves. The Japanese learnt the art of hip-hop from a movie called Wild Style (Condry, 2007, p.61). When the movie became very popular, many artists who featured in it travelled to Japan where they performed as a way of promoting it.
From the African-American culture, the Japanese hip-hop music developed. The Japanese hip-Hop culture was greatly influenced by the African American style of soul dancing and break dancing. This made some Japanese fans of hip-hop darken their own skins by wearing afros and dreadlocks to look like the African-Americans (Wood, 1997, p.40).
Globalization, Political, and Cultural influence of Hip-hop Music in Japan The culture of the Japanese was greatly influenced by Hip-Hop music. The hip-hop music emerged because of the global cultural changes that happened through interaction of people. Although the hip-hop music was first ignored by the famous music production houses in Japan, it found its way to the masses. The African-American break dancing style championed the desire by individuals to learn Hip-hop music besides taking part in it.
The Japanese culture was later influenced towards dancing moves that were not common in their music. The moves were so captivating to many since they made it easy for one to understand the music visually hence breaking the barrier of language expression. According to Condry (2007, p.62), break dancing formed the basis of the extensive globalization and acceptance of Hip-Hop music.
The prevalence of soul dancing in Japan in the earlier years also formed the basis for the wide acceptance of the hip-hop culture into the Japanese culture because soul dancing was common in the streets since most of the first generation hip-hop music artists in Japan began by street dancing. For example, artists like crazy-A performed on the parks drawing many fans to the Hip-Hop music.
Another influence of hip-hop music on the Japanese culture was the development of DJs in the 1980s. The DJs formed the first club of hip-hop artists in 1986.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Such clubs were never common in the culture of Japanese. The culture of the Japanese was also greatly influenced when some hip-hop artists began rapping in the Japanese language. During the inception of the hip-hop culture, many Japanese thought that it would be impossible to rap in their language. This was proved wrong especially the DJs. The problem of rapping in Japanese language was because it lacks stress accent. However, several rappers emerged and succeeded, for example, Sieko, Tinnie, and Chikado.
The eating culture and communication of the Japanese have also been influenced by the hip-hop music. According to (Schwartz, 1998, p.361), the Japanese hip-hop rappers majorly include topics on shopping, mobile phones, and even food. Since food has a cultural aspect, it is also affected by the culture. Mobile phones that feature so much in these songs are also important since they have influenced the culture of communication in Japan.
The cultural mode of dressing has been influenced by the hip-hop culture. For example, since the Japanese used to hear the hip-hop songs in clubs, which made them attracted to the western styles of music, they easily accepted the whole of the hip-hop culture. This included the mode of dressing that was adopted by the hip-hop artists. The mode of dressing included loose fitting type of clothes and even the use of graffiti to depict the culture on their clothes and even on the walls (Japanese, 2003, p.13).
The dressing culture also influenced the young fans to darken their skin in order to look like the African-American hip-hop artists. Others went ahead and wore dreadlocks and afros purposely to look like true African-Americans especially when dancing. Other Japanese referred to the people who decided to change from their original Japanese culture to the African-American culture as burapan. The inception of this kind of dressing also had a commercial effect on the economy of Japan.
Many young men and women who became fans of the hip-hop music bought the baggy Jeans, went for dreadlock treatments and maintenance in commercial centers, and even spent a lot of money in darkening their skin (Schwarz, 1999, p.361). There was also the development of a complete culture of hip-hop Japanese. This group wanted to change from their traditional culture completely to that of the African-Americans. They did not have any reservations.
They wanted to become complete burapans. The Japanese used to refer them as the blackfaces. Some of the black faces were the African-Americans that had long lived in Japan. Some of them thought that they would really change from the Japanese culture to adopt the African-American culture since it had already gained enough roots in Japan.
However, there were very few blacks in Japan, about 0.04% of the entire population. The advertising culture of the Japanese especially in the media was also influenced. Initially, the media houses in Japan resisted production and even popularization of the hip-hop music and culture. However, they came to accept and even adopt it in their programming especially when it became popular.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Hip-hop and the Japanese Culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The hip-hop music artists were even used in advertisements. Other commercial companies used their photographs in advertising their wares. In fact, some commercial companies used the hip-hop artists’ voices on their commercial adverts on televisions and radios. This was a completely new phenomenon of the advertising industry in Japan. According to (Manabe, 2006, p. 2), the textual repetition of hip-hop especially its sound makes it appealing for advertising.
The political culture of Japan has also been influenced by the hip-hop culture. For example, a Japanese hip-hop artist commonly referred to as King Gaddra included reflections of the twin attacks of 11 September 2001 on the American world trade centre by terrorists. The step indicated the political relations between the Japanese and the Americans.
Famous Hip-hop Japanese artists and their perspectives on various issues Many individuals and groups do Hip-hop music in Japan. These individuals and groups have different perspectives in their music. For example, the major group of hip-hop music in Japan is the Rhymester, which takes various dimensions on its approach to issues. The group tackles global issues and also matters of philosophy and politics. The group has done many songs that act as inspirational songs to most of its fans.
For example, the song, “I improve myself only the wonderful” by this group motivates its fans and other listeners to believe in their abilities and even to keep improving on their lives until they become wonderful people. This has had a positive impact on the people of Japan especially those who love the hip-hop music since it teaches them to be self reliant, self-confident, and a high self-esteem. This group also takes a political dimension in its songs.
For example, it has sung some hip-hop songs that have lyrics that condemn the government of the United States for attacking Japanese cities during the Second World War. They blame this government for the massive loss of lives that happened and even the witnessed enormous destruction of property. According to these songs, the effects of this heinous act are still felt in Japan today.
Japanese artists have also involved the group in the fight for the quality of hip-hop music in Japan while at the same time working to forge collaborative performances with other groups in hip-hop music. For example, it worked with Funky Grammar Unit, a hip-hop music group in the 1980s. King Giddra is another major hip-hop music group in Japan. This group is also a pioneer of the hip-hop music in Japan having been in the hip-hop field since 1993.
Some of its members had a deeper drive into hip-hop having lived in the United States, for example Dube Shine and Zeebra. This group developed and made use of the hip-hop music in tackling social issues in the country. For example, the group attacked the government due to its failure to provide jobs to college and university graduates in the country.
It also took the social issues of negative advertising and the overly depiction of sex in advertising. This affected the children of the Japanese people negatively. The group also used the hip-hop music to condemn other social ills like the depiction of violence in mass media. The group’s songs blamed the much-publicized violent episodes in televisions in the media since violence could be cultivated through mass media.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Hip-hop and the Japanese Culture by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This was a long milestone for the parents since their children had fallen victims of these negative uses of the tools of mass communication. According to (Manable, 2006, p.1), the first album by King Giddra improved the style of rapping that used the Japanese language. The songs also encouraged the youth to speak out about the problems that they faced in the country instead of keeping quiet and suffering in their homeland country.
This group was a great source of inspiration not only to the hip-hop fans but also to many young Japanese. There are also famous individual hip-hop artists in Japan. One of such artist is Dobo. He is among the first artists of hip-hop in Japan since he plunged into the hip-hop music in the 1990s. Dobo is said to imitate the African-American style of hip-hop.
The claim explains why other Japanese hip-hop artists dislike him. Dobo is disliked for his mimicking of the old African-American hip-hop. Hence, he does not promote the growth of the hip-hop music style and industry (Condry, 2007, p.23). Dobo stands for originality. He does not believe in the composition of other styles of music into the hip-hop style.
According to him, the hip-hop music style is rich and sufficient. It should not be disrupted. There is also another artist of the hip-hop music known as Toshinobu Kubota. This Hip-hop music artist is the one who began the soul music in this county. He uses pop and reggae in his hip-hop songs, which is his distinguishing characteristic. He became famous in 1986 when he released his winning album, “shake it paradise.”
He also uses the African-American style, which has made many upcoming hip-hop artists reference his work and attitude. He has made many artists of the hip-hop music to turn to the incorporation of the reggae, funk, rock and roll, and other styles that have deep expressions of African-American music styles.
Kubota has also changed and developed rap songs rhyming patterns, which has been seen as an enrichment of the common poetic culture of the Japanese people. In his hip-hop songs, Kubota has really fused both the African-American styles with the Japanese culture, which has made the hip-hop songs grow at a higher speed besides having it accepted by many people in Japan. The Japanese people have now been able to identify with the hip-hop culture since Kubota has incorporated their culture into it.
Their accent and poetic sounds are therefore featured in the hip-hop music. Kubota has revolutionalized the entire hip-hop music industry to meet the needs of the Japanese people especially the less privileged and the marginalized groups (Blow, 2003, p.19). For example, he has used his hip-hop songs to prevail upon the Koreans who live in Japan and the Burakumins to use the hip-hop music as a tool of voicing their problems and experiences to the government and the world at large.
Conclusion In conclusion, the hip-hop culture became popular in Japan in the 1980s. Since then, this style of music has experienced tremendous growth. It has been used by many Japanese to express social, political, and cultural messages. The hip-hop music has been seen as a globalization issue in Japan since it was able to overcome the resistance of language and acceptance.
There has been a significant development and growth of many hip-hop music artists in Japan. Others have become very wealthy through the sale of hip-hop music albums. The culture of the Japanese has been greatly affected by this music including the mode of dressing, eating, and even hair styles. Today, the hip-hop music has incorporated poetic and rhyming styles of the Japanese language. This has made it more acceptable in the country.
Reference List Blow, K. (2003). Blow Presents: The History of Rap (I). The Genesis. Web.
Japanese, Z. (2003). HippuHoppu. Web.
Manabe, N. (1958). Globalization and Japanese Creativity: Adaptations of the Japanese Language to Rap. Ethnomusicology, 1(50), 1–36.
Schwartz, M. (1999). Planet Rock: Hip Hop Supa National. In The Vibe History of Hip-Hop. New York: Three Rivers Press.
Wood, J. (1997). The Yellow Negro. Transition, 73(73), 40.
The influence of Heavy Metal on Japanese culture Research Paper cheap essay help
Introduction Heavy metal music, frequently called metal, signifies a field of rock music. A heavy metal singer cannot make it all by himself or herself: s/he has to be a part of a group. The band (group) is a representation of both society and a useful requirement to create the heavy metal reverberation (Weinstein, 2000, pp. 43-45).
Teenage friends form numerous rock and heavy metal bands. As these members advance their abilities and hone their personal and shared talents, they might start attempting to spread out and turn into victorious professionals. In Japan, there are many heavy metal bands, which include X-Japan, Yellow Machinegun, and Visual Kei just to mention but a few (Global Metal Japanese Metal, 2010, Part 1).
Numerous kinds of music prevail internationally and remarkably, from the middle-19th century, several types of Western music from Europe and the US elicited spread of different music forms in Japan. As Japan went through a transformation course, the Japanese populace received, admitted, incorporated, changed, and reserved Western music.
In Japan, heavy metal music carries out a particularly significant function in both social and individual lives of adolescents and youths in general. Young people characteristically prefer popular music, and constitute the chief buyers of popular music in Japan. Nevertheless, a minimal number of teenagers love classical music. Heavy metal music plays a key role in influencing the culture of the Japanese.
In this research paper, the concentration will be on the influence of heavy metal on dichotomous thinking culture as a feature of personal dissimilarities.
Aspects of daily life, which are considered significant by dichotomous thinkers, comprise mobile phones, fashion, films, music, and music players. This assertion signifies that dichotomous thinkers have a greater concern in new merchandise that they deem stylish as compared to non-dichotomous thinkers. Heavy metal music can play a key role in reinforcing the character and self-view of a person.
Dichotomous thinking culture signifies the tendency to evaluate with respect to dual resistance, for instance, white or black, high quality or poor quality, and/or everything or nothing. Even though dichotomous thinking culture is valuable for quick conception and judgment making, it has been linked to negative emotional results like mediocre character disorder, self-love, and perfectionism (Global Metal Japanese Metal, 2010, Part 2).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The desire of dichotomous thinkers is more inclined to easy rather than difficult conditions, and this propensity might be reflected in their selection of music genres. Dichotomous thinking culture prefers simple and Pollyannaish beats in music (like rock, heavy metal), instead of more intricate beats (like classical music).
Literature Review Heavy metal music came up at around 1960s and 1970s, mainly from the UK and the US. With their origin in rock music, “heavy metal bands extended a thick and enormous sound typified by extremely amplified transmittance, lengthened solo guitars, vigorous beats, and general high volume. Heavy metal libretto and performance ways are usually linked to maleness and machismo” (Global Metal Japanese Metal, 2010, part 2).
Ever since its origin, critics have constantly disregarded heavy metal music and have brought it to a close that heavy metal music is a form that is thematically ruled by hostility and violent behavior, raping and killing. Heavy metal music has thus turned out to be a melodic form, which has long been identified as a basis of social dreads with its evident encouragement of aggression, social harm, killings, drug-use, and nihilistic delusions.
Moreover, heavy metal has constantly been interpreted as a stronghold of chauvinism and patriarchal domination with respect to expressive content, album pictures, and video presentation. Heavy metal music is a converse that openly reveals patriarchate standards.
With respect to heavy metal bands like Poison, WASP, Guns ‘N’ Roses, and Whitesnake, for a great deal of its account heavy metal has been welcomed and sustained mainly by young male fans and constantly articulates ‘exscription’ as the rebuff of every gender anxiety via the expression of wonderful worlds with no women (Global Metal Japanese Metal, 2010, part 1).
The male-centeredness attribute of heavy metal following and the subject of the eccentricity of women in its views, its supporters, or its actors have continued to be noteworthy and constant aspects. On the other hand, there is no illustrated appealing link involving heavy metal and the culture of pornography, which proves that both have a tendency of shunning depictions of sexual aggression owing to the requirements and forces of patriarchal domination.
Therefore, gender aggression in pornography (and heavy metal) music could function as a disorderly compulsion, destroying the patriarchal principles that send out the artlessness of sexual affairs and their establishments in affection. Research holds that, due to regulation of patriarchal models, pornography along with heavy metal rarely associate sex with aggression (Pamela, 2006, pp. 23-26). Nevertheless, with respect to intense heavy metal subgroups, this assertion does not apply.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The influence of Heavy Metal on Japanese culture specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sexual aggression prevails in death heavy metal, which is the defining attribute of porn grind; which is a heavy metal type that constantly associates sex with aggression.
Even if the persistent basis of images and expressive motivation in tremendous articulations of metal music have a tendency of getting stimulation from horror creation, and particularly the horror movie, porn grind receives its motivation from pornographic images and precisely the opinion of pornography that drives a feminist opposed to pornography situation (Mudrian, 2004, pp. 67-72).
Porn grind hinges on the declaration that every sort of pornographic image is identical to aggression, sexual coercion, feminine dehumanization, degradation, rape, and killing. In a study, the leading subject of pornography is based in maleness, since the sexuality of the male is naturally associated with a command, which involves turning women to objects and hostility.
Consequently, pornography depicts the degree to which the gratification of the male is inseparably associated with victimizing, harming, and using, which underscores the notion that sexual pleasure and sexual zeal in the confidentiality of the male vision are firmly associated with the violence of male account.
Therefore, male supremacy as represented in metal music is reliant on the ability of men to recognize women as merely sexual objects (Yano,
Soccer Business as a Possible Investment: When Everything Depends on the Movement of a Foot Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Soccer has become increasingly popular over the past few years, which obviously makes the given sport a good case of money investment; mainly because of its appeal and the tension which arises during the game, the given sports literally makes people roar with delight.
However, like any other business, the given one has its strong and weak aspects. Despite its obvious flaws and unpredictability, soccer makes a good case of investment due to its shocking popularity, the participation in the world contests and the revenues in the case of a victory.
The first and the foremost thing to say about soccer is the fact that it promotes a healthy lifestyle. Leaving alone the people who prefer rather watching football than actually following the example of the sportsmen and actually engage in soccer, even in amateur teams, one must admit that the promotion of soccer leads to engaging more young people into all sorts of soccer teams. Therefore, more people start taking care of their health, becoming more slender and losing excess weight.
Another important thing about soccer is that it presupposes working in a team. Helping people to coordinate their own actions and at the same time adequately respond to the actions of their teammates, soccer makes people understand the importance of cooperation and trust. Once being able to play in an organized team, one will always remember the benefits of close cooperation.
Finally, it is important to remember that soccer helps to give up a number of bad habits. Starting with smoking and up to the tendency to be absent-minded, the negative habits will soon disappear as one starts learning the secrets of playing football. Hence, there are a number of ways to promote soccer and, thus, increase its popularity, which will make people join soccer clubs and contribute to the development of business based on the given kind of sports.
On the other hand, there are considerable disadvantages that can possibly hinder the development of business based on soccer. Taking a closer look at the arguments offered by Kuper
Cyber Security Report (Assessment) college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Introduction Société Générale Bank was established in 1864 in France by a caucus of moguls and investors with the aim of improving and bolstering their commercial ventures. Over the years, the bank has tremendously improved its financial outlay. This has enabled it to extend its presence in many nations. Today, the bank is among the successful financial institutions globally.
The bank offers retail banking, savings schemes and intercontinental banking services. Thus, the bank handles thousands of varied transactions daily. Despite its success in the corporate arena, it has experienced a myriad of fraudulent cases which have affected its corporate profile and are likely to retard its future growth. This paper identifies and discusses the policies, vulnerabilities, risks and internal controls of Société Générale.
Fraudsters have pervaded the financial sector with the banking subsector being the hardest hit. It has been quite challenging to track fraudsters because they apply sophisticated technologies which banks cannot keep pace with. In simple terms, bank fraud refers to the unlawful mechanisms of accessing or being in possession of money or other properties that belong to a financial company.
Bank fraud can also be practiced in form of receiving money from shareholders by purporting to be a genuine financial institution. Destabilization of the financial base of an organization is one the most devastating effects of fraud.
With reference to the banking sector, fraud can lead to a mass exodus of potential depositors who may no longer trust the bank with their savings. Second, fraud can cause serious liability to a bank; hence, culminating into a collapsed bank situation. Fraud in the bank can either be conducted by the staff or outsiders. In some cases, the two can conspire to siphon out assets and money from the bank.
“The most serious incidence of fraud that Société Générale has ever witnessed occurred on 24-1-2008, when Jérôme Kerviel (a single futures dealer) allegedly lost close to US$7.2 billion” (NBC News, 2008). This was the worst case of fraud the bank has suffered since its inception (CBS News, 2009). Kerviel is believed to have coordinated and executed a chain of fake transactions, which the bank could not trace.
The management of the bank revealed that Kerviel exploited every loophole to hack the computer operations at the bank. He mainly focused on tampering with security control systems to pave way for his illegal transactions. The changes Kerviel effected on the computer systems helped him to get rid of credit controls; hence, the risk personnel could not easily track his huge transactions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He was also reported to have stolen the secret codes of his workmates that served at the trading section and department of technology. Kerviel possessed vast technical control procedures that enabled him to manipulate the security installations.
Thus, he was able to access important information that was out of reach to many employees. Having served in the back office for roughly six years, Kerviel learnt how the control systems of the bank operated. Finally, he gained privileged access codes that he used to eliminate five control systems before executing his transactions.
An in-depth security analysis of the fraud incident revealed that lack of proper information control systems prompted the hacking of the privilege codeword. Privileged user accounts are one of the most secure IT venture settings, and are used to secure sensitive databases and servers.
The secret codes are “generic in character; they encompass, but are not restricted to generic accounts such as administrator on Wintel platforms, root on UNIX systems, and hard-coded passwords” (Bishop, 2009, p. 345). One disadvantage of this kind of data security system is that in case the secret code is revealed to many individuals, several operating systems can easily be hacked.
The bank was probably using a single security code to secure several systems. This kind of security system creates loopholes, which can easily be misused by fraudsters. System prowlers apply authentic codes to access systems just like privileged users. They like attacking systems because they are often secured using weak secret codes that can easily be conjectured or have remained unchanged for a long time. An application like Weblogic that is secured with embedded privileged secret codes has high chances of being hacked.
Reviewing Current Policies
The establishment of appropriate and reliable security policies at Société Générale needs a clear approach that will facilitate the identification of the current computer vulnerabilities. The status of the current security policies can be established by analyzing current documents and detecting parts of the system that lack appropriate policies.
“The critical areas of the system that need to be reviewed include: physical access controls, network security policies, data security policies and contingency and disaster recovery plans and tests” (Gollmann, 2011, p. 123).
We will write a custom Assessment on Cyber Security specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “In addition, documents that have confidential data like computer BIOS secret codes, router configuration secret codes and access control documents should also be reviewed” (Gollmann, 2011, p. 125). Examining the security requirements of Société Générale should also involve finding out the extent of its exposure to known threats. This analysis encompasses identifying the nature of the bank’s assets because they determine the type of risks it should be protected from.
It is also important to list the potential risks because it enables the security personnel to determine techniques such as email hacking and viruses that can be applied in the attack. Therefore, the security personnel at Société Générale Bank should improve their skills of tackling such challenges.
Improving Security Strategies
A good security system is supposed to include both proactive and reactive approaches. A proactive strategy has a number of procedures that mitigate potential security risks and build up emergency plans. Determining the destruction that an onslaught will cause on a given data assists in creating a strategy that is proactive. On the other hand, a reactive plan assists in examining the extent of damage on a system after it has been hacked. This helps in making decisions such as repairing the corrupted system or implementing emergency plans.
The first step towards securing the system is developing effective mechanisms for identifying potential risks and developing mechanisms to resist the potential risks. Start by securing the system against common threats. It is easier to prevent threats than to reconstruct the system after an attack.
All potential threats that may destabilize the system should also be scrutinized by the security administrators. These potential threats include malevolent prowlers, non wicked threats, and natural calamities. Consider all of the possible threats that cause attacks on systems. Most of the attacks are caused by employees.
A reactive strategy could offer the best solution to deal with the fraud case at Société Générale because the proactive strategy failed to secure the system.
The reactive plan identifies the procedures that should be followed during and after intrusion. “This strategy detects the extent of the destruction caused and the loopholes that were taken advantage of in the attack, it establishes why it occurred, refurbish the spoilt systems, and execute an eventuality plan if available” (Pfleeger, 2008, p. 657). Reactive and proactive strategy work hand in hand to buildup security controls to mitigate intrusion and the destruction caused during such incidences.
Assess the Damage
Identify the destruction that occurred during the intrusion. This process should be executed very quickly so that reconstruction of the system can commence as soon as possible.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cyber Security by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Establish the Source of the Damage
This can be achieved by analyzing the system logs because they give clue about the origin of the attack. System and audit logs can also be examined because they are also instrumental in tracing the source of an attack.
Repair the Damage
Reconstruction of the system should be done immediately after detecting the source of the attack to facilitate the execution of usual operations and whatever information misplaced during the interruption.
Document and Learn
Where feasible, all attack situations must be analyzed and documented to identify the most appropriate security steps and controls that can secure the system. The security group should handle cases such as insider attacks and viruses. Such efforts generate skills that a company can apply and data to give out before and after incidents.
In addition, the security team is supposed to examine any unfamiliar occurrence which may involve system controls. Documentation must encompass all the facets of the attack which can possibly be identified. Documentation will assist in adjusting proactive strategies for curbing potential intrusion or reducing destructions.
Implement Contingency Plan
If there is a contingency arrangement, it can be put into operation to avoid time wastage and to maintain business operations. In a situation whereby there is no emergency plan, create a suitable plan based on the evidence from the previous step.
“Examining the outcome is important and should involve: loss in efficiency, information or mislaid, and the used to reorganize the system” (Pfleeger, 2008, p. 678). If possible, list the type of attack, its source, the mechanisms that were used to execute it, and the loopholes that were exploited.
Review Policy Effectiveness
If there are policies to guard against an intrusion that has occurred, they must be examined, reviewed and tested out for their efficiency. New polices must be created if they have not been used before to reduce potential attacks.
Amend Policy Properly
If the policy is of poor quality, it must be upgraded properly. Updating of polices should only be undertaken by an authorized personnel that deals with system securities. Moreover, a security policy can be configured in a manner that it only allows the users to access the system during the normal working hours. This reduces hacking incidences.
Conclusion The security managers of Société Générale should determine the amount of time and resources that can enable them to create effective security controls. Apart from setting up an efficient security strategy, security auditors need to realize that security is a full time need in the organization. Hence, they should always update their security system regularly.
Introduction to Computers Malicious Software (Trojan horses) Term Paper custom essay help
Abstract The Trojan horse term emanates from some story in Homer’s Iliad, where the Greeks gave their foes a huge horse made of wood, apparently, as a symbol of offering. But, immediately after the Trojans draw the horse into the walls of the city, the solders in Greek creep out of the horse’s bellies which are seemingly hollow and unfasten the city gates, enabling their partners to sneak in and incarcerate Troy.
Therefore, Trojan horses are simply undesired material or operations that are sneaked into firmware, software, hardware or wetware leading to undesired and/or unsuitable performance (DuBois, 2001). Detection of Trojan horses seems an almost unsolvable problem despite the fact that some inadequate analysis by use of mathematics has been applied in this area to provide further clarity.
This paper therefore seeks to provide more information regarding Trojan horses it begins by giving the techniques used by Trojan horses, then some ways to prevent them; thirdly, it gives some few examples of recent Trojan horses attacks and finally giving a summary and conclusion.
Techniques used by Trojan horses Trojan horses depend mostly on users to set up them; alternatively, they can be set up by internal or external intruders who have gained illegal access by some way. Intruders that attempt to sabotage a system also depend on other users who run the Trojans to be triumphant. System users can also be fooled into setting up Trojan horses by simple means such as enticing of threats.
A simple example is a Trojan attached to email with a pop up informing one that he/she has won a lottery such that a user attempts to claim the lottery and in that event installing the Trojan into the system (Fontes, Fontes, Purcell, Schulz, and Virgil., 2007).
Some people might decide to use Software distribution websites to temper with real legitimate software versions with Trojans. In case the software distributers website is the main distribution point where other sites pick versions from, the Trojan horses would be spread so much fast thus affecting many systems within the internet community.
Another loophole is the DNS which provides inadequate security, hence, users might be cheated into connecting to undesired websites. Intruders would then exploit them by making them download Trojan horses (Forrest
Ethical Philosophy Compare and Contrast Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
Utilitarian vs. Kant
Strengths and Weaknesses
Introduction Morality is one component of philosophy that will at all times be researched, and most topics in ethics, will never be perceived the same by every person. There are many customs that have many diverse ideas concerning the way an individual’s life ought to be lived out. Factors such as religion, mental condition, and poverty influence people perspectives in ethics.
A number of people think that the mental condition people or the purpose for those people committing crimes should be considered when making a ruling. Others believe that regardless of the state, an offense is an offense, and no sympathy should be felt for the person.
Generally, these viewpoints are classified into two classes: utilitarian, which would grant freedom to the offender based on the conditions, and Kantian, where an offense is an offense, despite the intentions involved (Damon 67). This paper will compare the two ethical perspectives. It will as well identify the strengths and weaknesses of each theory and present general views of the theories.
Utilitarian vs. Kant The ethical approaches of the Utilitarian and the Kantian perspectives both examine ethics. The Kantian approach examines ethics based first on inspiration and second on deed, Utilitarian approaches examine ethics based on the deeds themselves. Kant does not concentrate on the repercussions of deeds as the measure of their ethics; instead, he focuses on the reason behind the deeds.
Utilitarian ethics, however, evaluates the effect of any deed on people and establishes that if actions, despite inspiration, harm others, then they are unethical.
It is upon such a key aspect that the disparity between the Utilitarian and Kantian ethical premises rest. According to Kant, a person, since he or she is able to make decisions, set goals, and guide his or her action by reason, and that because ethical laws are the laws of reason, and a rational being is the incarnation of those laws, then a person is inherently able to be an ethical agent.
Utilitarian view, however, perceives only the action and how the action affects other people. Therefore, to carry out crime, despite the intention, is a physical attack upon the pleasure of the casualty and therefore is ethically unjustifiable (DeVries 55).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Strengths and Weaknesses Whereas Kantian and Utilitarian approaches failed to faultlessly define the boundaries of ethics, Kantianism theory was determined to be more acceptable because of its inflexible design and more obvious principle between true and false, and hence more competently prevents people rationalizing ethical standards as a way of attaining their leanings.
In view of Utilitarianism, the boundaries that describe true against false are determined through the impact of that deed. If the impact is optimistic, then that deed would be termed ethical. The approach of Utilitarianism argues that all deeds are carried out based on attaining happiness and exception from pain. However it must be understood that Utilitarian theory is not to attain the best happiness for individual actions, but rather have the best pleasure jointly (Damon 68).
Overall Evaluation Both theories recommend diverse analytical models for morality. Kant is specifically concerned with sorting out the required elements in morality from the rest, which results in his separation between pure morality and realistic philosophy. This concern is not on the Utilitarianism schedule, which implies that from Kantianism perspective, Utilitarian morality is an amazing mixture of ethical and practical issues.
Works Cited Damon, Anthony. The Moral Child, Nurturing Children’s Natural Moral Growth. New York, NY: Free Press, 2008. Print.
DeVries, Richard. Moral Classrooms, Moral Children, Creating a Constructionist Atmosphere in Early Education. New York, NY: Teachers College Press, 2007. Print.
Museum of the Original Art Show Essay college admission essay help
The Original Art Show enables viewers to look at the best illustrations of children’s book. This paper is aimed at discussing some of the works showcased at this exhibition. They illustrate a variety of techniques used by modern artists. Overall, this exhibition may be visited by people who take interest in art or design. Moreover, such cultural events can be considered by parents who want to give their children new books.
First of all, I would like to speak about the book If You Lived Here: Houses of the World, illustrated by Giles Laroche. This book helps children to look at houses that represent different countries such as Italy, China, Greece, England, Chile and so forth.
Giles Laroche uses bas-relief collages in order to help readers to visualize various types of buildings. The paper-cut illustrations created by the author can greatly appeal to readers who age ranges between 8 and 12. Overall, this book can inspire children learn more about other countries or cultures. This is why it can be considered by parents.
Furthermore, one can mention the book Now I Am Big! written by Stephen Krensky and illustrated by Sara Gillingham. It should be noted that Sara Gillingham uses almost pure geometric forms and the authors encourage children to explore the world. The artistic simplicity of Sara Gillingham can certainly fascinate readers of pre-school age. On the whole, this book can be of some interest to parents with toddlers.
Another exhibit that greatly appeals to me is the book Otter and Odder: A Love Story by James Howe and Chris Raschka. This book tells the story of love between an otter and a fish. The authors let children understand what it means to love a person who may be different in some way. Moreover, Chris Raschka succeeds in creating penciled images that emulate children’s drawing techniques .
There is another work that can attract the attention of people who are interested in art or design. In particular, one can speak about the book The Christmas Quiet Book written by Deborah Underwood and illustrated by Renata Liwska. This book can be particularly suitable for pre-school children.
Renata Liwska creates soft-colored illustrations of bunnies, bears, deer, and other animals associated with Christmas. It seems that this work can be distinguished among many other Christmas books. One of its most distinctive traits is a very rich palette.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, I would like to speak about the debut book Red Knit Cap Girl written and illustrated by Naoko Stoop. It gives a visual story of a girl who lives with animals in some enchanted forest. It should be noted that Naoko Stoop uses a very unusual medium, in particular, pencil and acrylic paintings on plywood.
This work illustrates that an artist should combine powerful images with unusual media. One can argue that Naoko Stoop was able to cope with this task. It seems that this book can of great interest to children of pre-school age, especially girls.
On the whole, this exhibition has given me deep insights into the techniques used by illustrators of children’s book. These artists have to ensure the clarity of their pictures, but at the same time they have to strive for originality. The Original Art Show can be visited by parents, artists, or designers.
Bibliography Howe, James, and Chris Raschka. Otter and Odder: A Love Story. London: Candlewick, 2012.
Krensky, Stephen, and Sara Gillingham. Now I Am Big! Washington: Abrams Appleseed, 2012.
Laroche, Giles. If You Lived Here: Houses of the World. New York: Houghton Mifflin Books for Children, 2011.
Stoop, Naoko. Red Knit Cap Girl. New York: Little, Brown Books for Young Readers, 2012.
We will write a custom Essay on Museum of the Original Art Show specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Underwood, Debohar, and Renata Liwska. The Christmas Quiet Book. New York: Houghton Mifflin Books for Children, 2012.
Footnotes Giles, Laroche,. If You Lived Here: Houses of the World. (New York: Houghton Mifflin Books for Children, 2011), 4.
Stephen Krensky and Sara Gillingham. Now I Am Big! (Washington: Abrams Appleseed, 2012), 1
James Howe and Chris Raschka. Otter and Odder: A Love Story. (London: Candlewick, 2012), 2
Debohar Underwood and Renata Liwska. The Christmas Quiet Book. (New York: Houghton Mifflin Books for Children, 2012), 1
Naoko, Stoop. Red Knit Cap Girl. (New York: Little, Brown Books for Young Readers, 2012), 1.
Importance of Marketing and Advertising during Economic Recession Exploratory Essay essay help
During economic recession, the customer demand rates can decrease significantly. In order to avert the process, specific emphasis should be placed on raising marketing and advertising costs to maintain the popularity of a product or service. Businesses should be aware of the possible fluctuations in customer’s responses to economic downturn.
In particular, they can become critical and more responsible for their purchase decisions. Increased responsiveness to the market environment is explained by clients’ readiness to explore new, more beneficial opportunities. These strategies can be effectively used in carpet cleaning business, which is especially justified during economic recessions.
People who face financial problems are in the search for beneficial and rational solutions. This issue can be considered by carpet cleaning issues as a new basis for advertising campaign. For instance, consumers should not necessarily buy new carpet in case they have a possibility to restore the quality of their old carpets.
Such a service is economically beneficial, and the business will surely find the segment that can take advantage of the offer. The strategy is justified because “those businesses that make a decision to advertise in the face of adversity capture the hope of new customer” (Fritzenkotter, 2009, p. 4). Thus, it is not only a chance to retain the previous clientele, but also a great opportunity to explore new market segments.
There are many cost-effective means of promoting products during recessions. In particular, it is possible to refer to e-mail campaigns spreading evaluable and reliable data about marketing solutions and leading to measurable results. In addition, the option to print advertising brochures has become possible with the development of digital printing technology.
The company’s managers can introduce a range of their services and distribute the information among their customers. In such a manner, the carpet cleaning business can keep achieving the established goals without reducing the marketing budgets.
The art of persuasion during the economic crisis is essential for sustaining a competitive advantage. Therefore, the task of leaders is to convince their customers that their services are much more efficient than other services of the kind. The approach can allow the business to stay afloat and maintain its market share.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reference Fritzenkotter, S. (2009). The Logic of Increasing Marketing in an Economic Downturn. Salesperson Monitor, 13(7), 4.
Algae Interaction Analytical Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Biological interactions can be defined as the effects an organism has on the others in a common ecosystem. Basically, no organism can survive as an ‘island’ lest it ceases to exist. Biological interactions are vital for the normal functioning of an ecosystem. As such, this leads us to identifying the kind of interactions that may exist.
These relations may happen within organisms of the same species (intra-specific) or otherwise (inter-specific). These interactions may happen at a specific stage of development or; during the entire life of an organism (e.g. endosymbiosis) and, may be detrimental (herbivory, predation, cannibalism) or beneficial (mutualism). Significantly, these relations may be direct or indirect.
The degree of interactions ranges “from mutual benefit through neutral to mutual harmful interactions” (Begon, Harper and Townsend, 1996). As such, the interactions can be categorized into six classes depending on gravity of harm or benefit to the interacting individuals in a niche.
As a result, individuals may be deemed to be in neutralism interaction where neither party benefits nor harms the other though difficult to ascertain or, may engage in amensalism where products of the other are toxic to the other. Also, individuals can also engage in commensalism where one individual benefits from the interaction without affecting the other.
Moreover, individuals may compete for a common resource as exhibited in parasitic relation that is fetal to the involving parties or otherwise, involve in mutualism as exhibited in some symbiotic relations where both parties benefit. Finally, the organism may interact antagonistically either by predation or parasitism owing to the fact that an individual profits at the expense of the counterpart.
In terms of graphical relationship between species density against time, a neutral interaction ought to exhibit an upward trend for both species. However, for competing individuals, the opposite should be true. Two individuals exhibiting amensalism interactions ought to display opposite trends; upward for one species and the opposite for the other. For mutualism just like neutralism, it results in a higher carrying capacity hence; an upward trend for both individuals is expected (Stachowicz, 2001).
As regards this experiment, showing the interaction between green algae (Chlorophyta) – Closterium and Micrasterias species, both species utilize sunlight with the help of chlorophyll for photosynthesis. As such, in a common ecosystem, we anticipate competition for the limiting resources e.g. water and mineral salts (Fedriani, Fuller, Sauvajot and York, 2000).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consequently, this leads us to our null hypothesis (Ho): there is no competition between Closterium and Micrasterias species. The alternative hypothesis (H1) contradicts HO by suggesting that there exists a competition between the species. This is tested using a two-sample t-test at 95% C.I to ascertain the findings.
Method In this experiment, colonies of Closterium species were cultured in four different regions in a Petri dish (using a tip of 100 microliters). The same was done for Micrasterias species but in a different Petri dish. In one dish a fifth colony but containing the two species were cultured.
The essence, was to determine the species densities (density = (average number per colony)/100) vital in obtaining the same number of individuals as a starting point in stock culture. For the stock culture, average densities different species plus that of the mixed culture were recorded once per week over a period of 4 weeks. The results were then recorded for analysis.
Results Table 1: of number of individuals per Ml of Samples (to the nearest 10).
Number of individuals per Ml of Samples (to the nearest 10) Day Closterium Alone Micrasterias Alone Closterium in Mix Micrasterias in Mix 0 10 10 10 10 1 3 6 1 1 2 11 0 1 0 3 10 1 5 0 4 9 2 10 1 Graph 1: of the density of Closterium species alone vs. time.
Graph 2: of the density of Micrasterias species alone vs. time.
Graph 3: of the density of Closterium and Micrasterias species in mix culture vs. time.
We will write a custom Essay on Algae Interaction specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hypothesis testing:
Is there a possibility that there exists a competition between Closterium species and Micrasterias species residing in a common niche?
Null hypothesis (Ho): µClosterium = µMicrasterias
Alternative hypothesis (H1): µClosterium ≠ µMicrasterias
At 95% confidence interval t0.05 = 1.96
Calculated value of t is 0.7638 i.e. t = (ẋ1-ẋ2)/s [(n1*n2)/ (n1 n2)] ^0.5
Where; s = 6.21, n1 = 5, n2 = 5, ẋ1= 5.4 and ẋ2 = 2.4
We therefore reject the null hypothesis since the two species are not equal thus; there exists a competition between the two species residing in a common niche.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Algae Interaction by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Discussion The objective of this experiment was to test the null hypothesis (Ho): there exists no competition between the algae species – Closterium and Micrasterias.
As per the data collected and the test analysis done, the null hypothesis (0.7638 ≤ 1.96) fell within the rejection region at 95% confidence interval hence we reject the null hypothesis and state that there exists a competition between the colonies in a niche. As exhibited by the graph 3 above, the trends underscore the fact that in deed there is competition.
On competing interactions, the aftermath is always detrimental to both species hence the downward trend of the curves. As such, the principle of competitive exclusion takes its effect hence the competing species will either adapt or die. This can be seen at the height of competition when some of the common but limited resources are exhausted.
As for the species above, Micrasterias species can not compete favorably hence they die after the second and third week. On the contrary, Closterium species adapt promptly (Stachowicz, 2001).
By the fourth week, both species density increase significantly courtesy of natural selection. This otherwise niche partitioning is important in eliminating the inter-specific competition that exists between the species within a limited niche. As a result, the species share resources and thrive once again portraying non-existence of competition before.
This blurs the line separating two competing and two non competing species thus one cannot easily prove or disapprove. Significantly, the population blossoms after the third week owing to the fact that intra-specific competition exceeds inter-specific completion hence favoring coexistence between the species.
For the individual species as portrayed by graphs 1 and 2 above, it can be seen that Closterium species adapts to the media promptly than Micrasteria species. But, before peaking in population density, both species lose count since they need time to adapt to the new ecosystem (Charles, Nunn, Ezenwa, and Walter, 2011).
Conclusion In a conclusion, the experimental results agreed with the theoretical background which supports the facts stated herein the experiment. As such, there exists a competition between Closterium and Micrasterias species in a common niche.
This topic can be better understood if you comprehend how relating organisms feed, the type of products they expel and how they affect the other organism. I would suggest that future experiments observe the species beyond the stated period to ascertain whether inter-competition will creep in leading to a decrease in population.
References Begon, M., Harper, J. L.,
The Role of Social Media in Modern Society Essay essay help
The recent developments in wireless technologies have introduced new means and directions of communication. Million of people all over the world are now engaged in political, economic, cultural, and educational discourses due to the vast expansion of the World Wide Web. Indeed, social media has transformed people’s lifestyles and has introduced a new pattern of social interaction.
Just several years ago, people many people did not even suspect of the possibilities that such popular social networks as Facebook and Twitter can provide in terms of communication.
Nowadays, Facebook has become one of the largest networks in the world by means of which people can share and exchange views, images, and photos. However, apart from changes to social structures, the social networking systems have managed to go beyond and influence business, education, and politics. With this in mind, social media has a multifaceted impact on the modern society because it affects all spheres of life, including business, culture, politics, education, and economics.
Today social media cannot be regarded as a means of spending spare time because it has introduced the biggest shift since the times of the Industrial Revolution. Therefore, the spread of online communication can also be considered a revolutionary shift. Indeed, social networks have altered the traditional image of social communication and have provided new incentives and tools of information exchange.
Facebook and Twitter have become essential tools for initiating environmental activities and spreading news and services that can reach thousands of potential activists (Kutsko). As statistics shows, Facebook dominates in Google in terms of weekly traffic in the United States, which proves the fast-growing tendencies in using the social network for other purpose than communication and social interaction (Kutsko).
Social media has quickly penetrated the educational field. It has also introduced online learning, which is becoming more popular among international students all over the world. Indeed, Facebook has managed to reach more than 200 million users in less than a year (Kutsko).
Therefore, more and more students share their opinions and create online communities to advance their learning and improve performance. The possibility to discuss educational challenges is a beneficial perspective for students. In addition, the research studies conducted by the U.S. Department of Education have discovered that online students outperformed those who are engaged in a traditional learning scheme.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, social media has become an integral part of business and marketing activities. Because every credible business premises on ethical and moral values dictated by society, adoption of social networking sites is essential for promoting products and services. In fact, social media allows business to gain immediate feedback about their products. Moreover, it also creates opportunities for predicting the needs and demands of consumers.
In conclusion, social media has reached every facet of human activities. It has become an integral part of communication means. Online networks, such as Facebook and Twitten, have penetrated to social and cultural realms and have provided new patterns of acting in a real environment.
Virtual space, therefore, have become one more source by means of which people can introduce their educational and business activities. Finally, online networks become powerful tools for advertising products and services, as well as for attracting new marketing targets. Overall, social media can be considered as a foundational shift in daily activities and lifestyles. It is also a step up toward a new communication environment.
Works Cited Kutsko, Evan. “Social Media Revolution”. 2011. YouTube. Web.
Censorship for television and radio media Analytical Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Censorship is the suppression of any form of public communication which may be regarded as objectionable, harmful, or insensitive (Burress 13). This is as decided by the state, media companies or any other regulatory bodies. The constitutions of most countries provide protection from censorship but this security is in no way absolute.
In some circumstances, it is hard to tell apart what to censor from what not to. This paper seeks to provide an in-depth analysis of censorship with the aim of determining the extent to which content on broadcast (television and radio) media can be censored. To this end, a brief rationale for censorship shall be provided with exemplification from reported situations. Later, a conclusion will be drawn from the rationale assessment.
There are a number of reasons for censorship. These reasons are divided into five key categories: moral, military, political, religious and corporate (Hoffman 5). The five strata are explained in detail below:
Moral censorship. This is the limitation of the publishing or broadcasting of material that is obscene and goes against established conventions of morality. A good example of a situation in which moral censorship is prescribed is in the case of child pornography.
Any material that can be classified as child pornography is illegal in most jurisdictions in the world and, therefore, its publication and/or broadcast is usually subject to censorship rules and legislations. Usage of filthy words on air is also not allowed in most traditionalist societies (Wittern-Keller 23).
A good example of the implementation of moral censorship is in a 1978 case pitting comedian George Carlin and the Pacifica Foundation. Carlin had a radio show dubbed Filthy Words, which mainly discussed the dirty words which should not be aired (Jay 208).
A man was driving in his car when his son heard the radio discussion. The man went on to file a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The FCC issued a sanction against the radio station for airing indecent material. Later, the Pacifica foundation filed a case with the supreme court to have the ruling upheld but the court decided instead to allow the FCC accord and remove sanctions depending on how it regarded aired material.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Military censorship. In most countries, information pertaining to military intelligence is usually considered top-secret. This is in an effort to prevent surprise attacks on its facilities. Because of this, access to such information is normally permitted to a handful of individuals (Wittern-Keller 23). Any unauthorized broadcast of such content, by persons not expressly permitted to do so is considered illegal and any media that broadcasts any such material is prone to censorship attempts by the state.
Political censorship. Every government usually has a set of information which it keeps away from the public for the sake of stability. This is especially in times of economic turmoil, where the release of such information could cause the situation to worsen (Wittern-Keller 78).
By holding back such information from citizens, the government ultimately prevents rebellion. With knowledge that the broadcast of such information might put the state in bad light with the citizens, regulatory measures are implemented in the form of censorship.
Religious censorship. Religion is one of the dominant forces that determine how individuals relate with each other. In every country in the world, there is a religious following that is considered superior to the others. In order to maintain its dominance, this group can choose to force limitations on the less influential ones (Hoffman 28).
In addition, one religious group may decide to go against another if they believe their teachings are not similar. Nowadays, there are television and radio stations dedicated to particular religions and any attempt to try and impose the teachings of another religion are not taken politely. For instance, it is highly unlikely that Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) will broadcast a show focusing on Islamic values (Mathiesen 2008).
Corporate censorship. Most television and radio stations are owned by individuals who, in turn, have business partners. In this regard, whenever there is information that portrays the establishment or its owners in bad light, editors shun it or tweak it to suit their interests (Mathiessen 33).
For instance, the hip hop artiste Ice-T once released a song titled Cop Killer which spoke negatively of the police. The lyrics of the son were fiery and resulted in Time Warner, a company he was working with, to compel him to change the lyrics of the song after pressure from various religious and advocacy groups.
We will write a custom Essay on Censorship for television and radio media specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This essay has set out to provide an explanation of the various forms of censorship with focus being on broadcast (television and radio) media. A number of examples were used to offer further explanation on a number of listed categories. By the elastic nature of censorship, it can only be agreed that governments and other regulatory institutions apply it depending on already laid down regulation and structures.
However, there should be situations where censorship should be regarded as an absolute. For instance, in the case of child pornography, there should be no room for discussion and any media that distributes such content should face outright sanctions.
Works Cited Burress, Lee. Battle of the Books, Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1989. Print.
Hoffman, Frank. Intellectual Freedom and Censorship, Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1989. Print.
Jay, Timothy. Why We Curse: A Neuro-psycho-social Theory of Speech, USA: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2000. Print.
Mathiesen, Kay. Censorship and Access to Information, New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2008. Print.
Wittern-Keller, Laura. Freedom of the Screen: Legal Challenges to State Film Censorship, 1915-1981, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2008. Print.
Internet and Children under the Age of 11 Expository Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The peculiarities of children under the age of 11
Communication via the Internet
Internet as an agent of socialization
Exposure to controversial to images, videos, or texts
Introduction Internet can be a powerful tool for learning and sharing ideas and it can definitely contribute to the development of children and adolescents. Nevertheless, it can also expose them to violence, overt sexuality, or cruelty and its impact is not always beneficial. This paper is aimed at discussing the influence of Internet on children under the age of 11.
In particular, one should speak about the influence of online technologies in the way in which they communicate with one another. It is also important to examine the impact of Internet on their values and their understanding of behavioral norms. Overall, it is possible to argue that the abuse of Internet can impair their communicative skills and distort their views on social relations and values.
Moreover, this technology can expose users to various controversial images, videos or texts and a child, who has not reached the age of 11, may not be able to interpret them. Thus, parents and educators should carefully monitor children’s use of internet that must not become the main agent of socialization. This is the main argument that should be discussed.
The peculiarities of children under the age of 11 In order to understand the influence of Internet on children, one should first discuss the peculiarities of this age group. First of all, at this stage of their development they only try to understand the rules that govern social relations and the way in which a person should interact with others (Martin
Report on Sport National Day in CNA-Q Report college essay help online
Introduction This report presents research findings and results undertaken to find out reasons behind small turn out of students and teachers in the National Sports Day events at the college, CNA-Q. Since introduction of the sports and events in the school, very few people use the sporting facilities.
This report unveils the research strategies to be undertaken, the primary research method to be chosen, sample selection, data analysis to be performed, and a summary of the whole research in identifying the factors behind the problematic low turnout of students and in sports.
As such, the main idea of the report is to present the results containing reasons of the low turnout in sporting activities and events in CAN-Q College, and provide recommendation on how to fix this problem. This report sheds lights of the exploratory research that will be undertaken, as it is fundamental in understanding students and staff tastes and preferences for in sports day (National Sports Day (2012)
CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002. The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students. The college also has excellent sports facilities ranging from fully equipped male and female gyms, to basketball, tennis and football courts.
There are also two male and female swimming pools located in each gym with around the clock life guards as well has shower and locker room facilities maintained in top condition. The students and staff are encouraged to use these facilities to balance work and exercise and stay fit and fresh to perform their roles even better (National Sports Day 2012). Nevertheless, students and staff do not use the sporting activities as expected and majority rarely attend the National Sports Day events at the college.
This came as a big problem to the researcher since the a good amount of promotion done through email, flyers and posters and even through word of mouth among the students at the college campus. In addition, the service is free of charge to all the students and staff as well as the alumni of CNA-Q. The management has many questions on the underutilization of sports facilities against their expectation to recap the investment.
Primary Research Method Chosen The research question seeks to find out the information about the opinions and perceptions of students with regard to low turnout of people in sporting events. By undertaking an exploratory research, it will provide sufficient information as per the knowledge of the researcher to enable one to comprehend this problem. As such, I settled to doing a mix of mix of primary and secondary research (Survey research n.d.).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The primary research will consist of information gathered from students directly by undertaken a survey and using a questionnaire (Kolb, 2009). Surveys are important, as I will be able to tabulate, categorize, and analyze content of the responses because the same questions will be answered by every respondent.
The staff members of the faculty at CNAQ will offer their opinions and events through conducting an interview with them. In order to gather relevant information I will categorize the primary information from students into demographic, psychographic, usage and miscellaneous as based in the questionnaire (Creative Research Systems, n.d.).
The questionnaire will be used as a fundamental tool to get information about the research problem. As an important quantitative survey research tool, questionnaires are significant to testing and guessing hypothesis about particular behaviors of students and teachers.
The questionnaire will therefore provide information based on age, gender, the willingness participation in the events and preferences of activities on the sports day. In addition, the questionnaire will investigate the willingness of students to join sporting events and any reasons to dissuade them from participating such as health.
The demographic information puts the students in groups based on their age, gender as well as the major of Study or Program (MaCorr Inc, 2009). This will enable the researcher to classify and identify the characteristics of these students. Subsequently, be able to deduce the relationship between their career path and age and gender. As such, this information will make it possible for me to have a general idea about the demographic profile of a group and their sporting activities eventually.
Information about the main customers of the service at CNAQ on National Sports Day, their structure and participation will be revealed in the demographic profile as provided through the questionnaires. This will help me, the researcher, suggest the best way to properly promote this event in the college and effectively implement it.
The research will be undertaken in a period of one month consisting of a mix of an extensive and intensive literature review of secondary information as well as survey to seek primary information through conducting interviews and giving questionnaires to teachers and students respectively. The Gantt chart will be an effective tool in undertaking all the activities of the exploratory research in an organized way.
We will write a custom Report on Report on Sport National Day in CNA-Q specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This will involve first going through the research problem again to discover the basic requirements and get an overview of how the task will be undertaken. Again, consultation with the lecturer and reviewing the lecture notes will offer input of for the task. Going through sample of work will enable me to get the best structure for brief notes and later references as well as the final report (Qatar Olympic Committee, 2011).
Gantt chart is a tool used in project planning and analysis. Its outlines the sequence of activities required to complete a project giving the required duration (MaCorr Inc, 2009). It shows which activities may be critical for the project to be accomplished. There are activities that have to be performed before others in the list can commence.
For instance, one cannot start writing this report without reading through the case study given. The resource allocation in term of time, people and materials are outlined. This helps in budgeting and planning of a project. This will also involve drawing a context diagram, data flow diagram, flow of processes and data structure of the chart.
Sample Selection CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002. The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students. The college also has excellent sports facilities ranging from fully equipped male and female gyms, to basketball, tennis and football courts.
There are also two male and female swimming pools located in each gym with around the clock life guards as well has shower and locker room facilities maintained in top condition (Qatar Olympic Committee, 2011). The sample will consist of students categorized into male and female, the same will apply to teachers.
Finding out the sample size comes as the best representation of the population, and it is a key in an exploratory research. In about one month, I will choose a sample size of 600 students who I choose randomly. Bearing the fact that I have only one month to undertake the research and considering the study as part of the course unit, I it might be difficult to collect information from such a large sample size within a short time.
As such, I settled on a limit of the simple size of 50. I will distribute the questionnaires among the students in accordance to age, gender and program. This will facilitate collection information that is not skewed.
From a general point, this research takes allocation of units into probability sampling procedure that include stratified sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling as well as simple random sampling.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Report on Sport National Day in CNA-Q by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Probability sampling considers the population of students will be chosen equally and allow time to be allocated properly. The sampling method is convenient to many CAN-Q respondents. Confidence of information provided by respondents will be applied to the latter.
Data Analysis to be performed The collected information from the questionnaire will form quantitative research data. This information will be entered as numbers and be analyzed statistically. Since the questions in my questionnaire are open-ended, they will be coded in numbers in the forms. As such, the data will be analyzed using SPSS software.
I will measure the central tendencies in cross tabulation since the data will be used to determine the opinion of students and teachers. This will involve calculating the mode, median and mean as well as determining the standard deviation to get the accuracy of the data (Creative Research Systems, n. d.).
Mean. The mean is the average of responses to specific questions answered in the study questionnaire or interviews. It is computed by summing up the responses and diving by the total number of participants denoted as ‘n’. The age mean can be found by adding the participants for every measurement and diving by the n= 600 number of responses.
Median. Median represents the middle value of measurements for each response. This measurement is in ordinal data that is significant in indicating the degree of difference. For instance, when I want to determine the choice of students’ careers by seeking to know the program students have enrolled, the best method is to use the median in the data provided by the participants.
This will offer much information for a few responses. One limitation of the median is the difficulties to apply in the analysis of nominal data since there are two possibilities for response results, which provide two midpoints (Kolb, 2009).
Mode. The mode is the highest frequency of responses for all participants. The mode is applied when determining nominal data that may have two states of being. However, the two states do not have all the similar features. For instance, the gender information can best be described as in terms of the number of female and male.
As such, when the survey of 50 participants is undertaken and 10 are female while 40 are male, the mode is 40. This is because the nature of data would be meaningless when computed for median or mean. Rather, mode is used because it is the most common response.
Cross Tabulation. Cross Tabulation is all about finding relationships in data of the variables used in the study. In this data analysis, I will employ the use of SPSS software. As such, crossing one variable with another is enhanced by using SPSS application, which uses multiple variables simultaneously in cross tabulation.
I will be able to undertake statistical test to find out whether responses from the sample are relevant and application in deducing the conclusions of the inferential statistics. The results will provide the level of interconnection between variables and be useful in hypothesis to come up with reliable conclusions about the research. The pestle factors will be analyzed using SPSS. This will be used to emphasize or disapprove the results found from the sample data analyzed.
Standard Deviation. The standard deviation is significant in pointing out the variance (r2) of By definition, it is the square root of the variance. Once one finds the variance, the standard deviation (r) is found out by getting the square root of r2.
The variance is computed by computing the difference between each response of every participant. The results are squared and added to give an absolute sum. The standard deviation is significant in giving the range that most values of the variable fall.
The questionnaire will be used as a fundamental tool to get information about the research problem. As an important quantitative survey research tool, questionnaires are significant to testing and guessing hypothesis about particular behaviors of students and teachers.
The research will be undertaken in a period of one month consisting of a mix of an extensive and intensive literature review of secondary information as well as survey to seek primary information through conducting interviews and giving questionnaires to teachers and students respectively.
The Gantt chart will be an effective tool in undertaking all the activities of the exploratory research in an organized way. The resource allocation in term of time, people and materials are outlined. This helps in budgeting and planning of a project. This will also involve drawing a context diagram, data flow diagram, flow of processes and data structure of the chart. Gantt chart is a tool used in project planning and analysis.
Its outlines the sequence of activities required to complete a project giving the required duration. It shows which activities may be critical for the project to be accomplished. There are activities that have to be performed before others in the list can commence. For instance, one cannot start writing this report without reading through the case study given.
Conclusion This report presents research findings and results undertaken to find out reasons behind small turn out of students and teachers in the National Sports Day events at the college, CNA-Q. Since introduction of the sports and events in the school, very few people use the sporting facilities.
This report unveils the research strategies to be undertaken, the primary research method to be chosen, sample selection, data analysis to be performed, and a summary of the whole research in identifying the factors behind the problematic low turnout of students and in sports. The main idea of the report is to present the results containing reasons of the low turnout in sporting activities and events in CAN-Q College, and provide recommendation on how to fix this problem.
This report sheds lights on the exploratory research that will be undertaken, as it is fundamental in understanding students and staff taste and preferences for in sports day. CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002.
The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students. The college also has excellent sports facilities ranging from fully equipped male and female gyms, to basketball, tennis and football courts. The management has many questions on the underutilization of sports facilities against their expectation to recap the investment.
The research question seeks to find out the information about the opinions and perceptions of students with regard to low turnout of people in sporting events. By undertaking an exploratory research, it will provide sufficient information as per the knowledge of the researcher to enable one in comprehending this problem.
As such, I settled to doing a mix of mix of primary and secondary research. The primary research will consist of information gathered from students directly by undertaken a survey and using a questionnaire. Surveys are important, as I will be able to tabulate, categorize, and analyze content of the responses because the same questions will be asked every respondent.
CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002. The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students.
The sample will consist of students categorized into male and female, the same will apply to teachers. With the time of about one month, I will choose a sample size of 600 students who I choose randomly. Bearing the fact that I have only one month to undertake the research and considering the study as part of the course unit, I it might be difficult to collect information from such a large sample size within a short time.
As such, I settled on a limit of the simple size of 50. A quick survey of the students in most classes can determine that the majority are Qatari students. This information can allow the organizers to tailor the national sports day event to their market. Data will be analyzed using SPSS and excel considering the number of students. The pestle factors will be analyzed using SPSS. This will be used to emphasize or disapprove the results found from the sample data analyzed.
I have decided that the best approach for I have decided that the best approach for this problem is to conduct exploratory research in the start and then do some descriptive research, which will allow me to get a better understanding of why the students and staff did not attend the sports day in larger numbers.
My research will be a mix of primary and secondary research. For my primary research, I will contact the students directly, get their opinions through a survey, and conduct interviews with staff members of the faculty at CNAQ (MaCorr Inc, 2009).
Since the questions in my questionnaire are open-ended meaning, they will be coded in numbers in the forms. As such, the data will be analyzed using SPSS software. Since the data will involve the opinion of students and teachers, I will measure the central tendencies in cross tabulation. Other data analysis performed will be to determine the mean, median, mode and standard deviation.
References Creative Research Systems (2009). Survey Design. Web.
Kolb, B. (2009). Marketing Research: A Practical Approach. New York: SAGE.
MaCorr Inc (2009). Sample Size Calculator. Web.
National Sports Day (2012). Web.
Qatar Olympic Committee (2011). Web.
Appendices Appendix 1. Questionnaire The list below contains the questions that will be asked the students of CNA-Q in order to complete this report.
Indicate your gender
Male [ ]
Female [ ]
Indicate your age group among the following:
15 – 20
21 – 25 [ ]
26 – 30 [ ]
31 – 35 [ ]
36 – 40 [ ]
Over 40 [ ]
Major of Study/Program…………………………………………………..
Would you participate in the event?
What do you think college should do in sport day?
What is the most sport do you enjoy?
Would you join the sporting event?
What do you think the college should offer on sports day?
Do you have any health problems?
Do you prefer staying in bed or participating in the event?
Where do you think the sport event should be located?
Appendix 2. Gantt chart Activities in the Gantt chart that will aid complete the report are as follows:
Read through the assignment to establish what the assignment requires. This will give a general view and understanding of the work to be covered.
Read through the provided lecture notes to provide inputs for the assignment. The sample reading will also aid in the structure required for the report. Brief notes are made to provide for later reference.
Research on available texts on system analysis, project management and quality in processes.
Study the case to identify the key activities, data stores, processes, organizations and departments involved. This is drafted to give a summary of events and the data input and output.
Draw a context diagram. This diagram gives details on the relationship between the variables.
Draw a Level 1 Data flow diagram. This diagram gives an exploded version of the Level 0 DFD. Processes in Level 0 are broken down to more simplified activities.
Draw a structure chart, which shows a number of DFDs in one structure. A complex process may give winding data flow diagrams that may be hard to comprehend.
Document the data dictionary showing the data requirements for the study. This aids the study in the data update.
The time schedule for the report is one day. The activities are split in to 24 hours.
Appendix 3: Survey Questions Part I. In this part, students should define the role of sporting activities and events in their lives.
What is you attitude to sports? (use a five point scale to assess the degree of you involvement in sport where 1 equals to “Not at all important” and 5 means “Very Important”):
Athletics 1 2 3 4 5
Swimming 1 2 3 4 5
Tennis 1 2 3 4 5
Basketball 1 2 3 4 5
Football 1 2 3 4 5
Attending gyms 1 2 3 4 5
Sport as a hobby 1 2 3 4 5
Do you think sport activities constitute an inherent part of college life? (choose the right answer):
_____Sporting activities should be as important as a learning process;
_____Sport should not interfere with an academic process; it should be a part of spare time;
_____Students should not spend much time on sporting activities unless it is their professional calling.
What types of sports do you prefer? (Click the right answer)
_____Team playing sports;
_____Games, such as athletics, or swimming;
Do you think sporting activities are as much important as the learning process?
____Yes, it is very important;
____It is possible to balance sports and study;
____No, learning process is more important;
What do you know about the National Sporting Events?
How often do teachers tell you the information about the National Sporting Events? Have they persuaded you that sporting activities are vital?
____Yes, teachers inform us several weeks before the event for us to prepare;
_____ Teachers organize lectures on the importance of participation and how it can influence our college life;
_____No, teachers rarely talk about sports and its importance;
How much time do you spend on going in for sport?
____Once or twice a week, I go to the gym;
____ I attend the gym as soon as I have free time from a learning process;
Do you participate in sporting events?
How often do you visit competitions?
Are you aware of the available sports facilities in your college? Enumerate them.
Part II. In part II, it is necessary to clarify personal information about students to assess the frequency of attending sporting events by various demographic groups.
Name you gender:
Indicate you family size:
Name you hobby and evaluate its importance with regard to its type (indicate its importance where 1 equals to “Not at all important” and 5 means “Very Important”):
Related to sport (running, yoga, Pilates, etc.) 1 2 3 4 5;
Not related to sport (handmade, drawing etc.) 1 2 3 4 5;
Do you take part time job?
Do you like spending time with your friends?
Please, evaluate your attitude to participating in the sporting events (for those who attended the sporting events at least once) using a scale where 1 equals to “Strongly Agree” and 4 means “Strongly Disagree”:
Attending events is disturbing because of fans 1 2 3 4 (circle the appropriate one);
Attending events is exciting 1 2 3 4;
What is you major?______________
Identify your type of participating in various events:
How much time do you spent on learning?
How do you assess the role of sport in general?
Part III. In part III, emphasis will be placed on the degree of information spread about sport events in college.
Do you follow sporting events on TV? ___ Yes ___ No
What kinds of sports do you follow?
Are there any other sporting events than National Sport Day that you attend? Provide reasons.
Using scale where 1 equals to “Not at all important” and 5 means “Very Important” to rate the following: what are the major factors influencing your attendance of the sporting events?
It give you pleasure 1 2 3 4 5
It is exciting and motivating 1 2 3 4 5
It helps to release from stress 1 2 3 4 5
It allows to meet with friends 1 2 3 4 5
Do you use Internet for making inquiring about sporting events?
___Yes, very often;
___ Sometimes, when my friends ask about it;
What are the most efficient means of information exchange?
_____making announcement during the classes;
How do you assess your involvement in life of college?
____ very involved;
What are your future life goals?
Are there any reasons for non-attendance of the sporting events?
Could you provide your personal understanding of the National Sport Day?
Part 3: Information about the Resources
Kolb, B. (2009). Marketing Research: A Practical Approach. New York: SAGE.
The book provides a comprehensive approach to designing and understanding market research. The author skillfully combines theoretical frameworks and quantitative methodologies in exploring the practical realms. While reviewing the structure and content of the book, specific attention should be paid to the analysis of research process and research questions.
Therefore, the book has been a helpful tool in understanding the steps of accomplishing the research procedures. In particular, the source has been applied in the data collection process to define the sampling, as well as the necessary which needs to be included into the report. Practical dimension of the research is important because it verifies the relevance of the theoretical frameworks chosen for conducting the study.
Aside from theoretical implications, the book can be used as instructional guide for developing efficient critical thinking skills. For instance, the author teaches that a research cannot be started until the source of the problem is defined.
Scientific exploration, therefore, is an ongoing process, which requires close attention to details and aspects influencing the research outcomes. Apart from the procedures and steps introduced in the research, the book also expands on the importance of introducing secondary sources as evidence-based support for the given research.
Therefore, in case the purpose of the research relates to educational spheres, information obtained from governmental and higher education institutions is vital for the study. Finally, the book details important conditions of conducting primary research, including costs, resources, schedule, and budgeting. All these issues are indispensible for accomplishing a well-organized research.
MaCorr Inc (2009). Sample Size Calculator.
Sample size calculator is an important tool in quantitative research because it allows to define the accurate sample that needs to be examined. It is possible to learn more about the main functions of this device on the website. In particular, there is a control panel on the left which allows to choose the type of samples, the rating, scale, the heat map, the slider scale and the virtual shelf.
All these instruments are important for conducting survey or questionnaire. More importantly, the calculator software permits to systematize the data obtained from the empirical research. The research can also introduce his data and explain why a specific sample size has been chosen in case he/she relies on the sample size calculator.
At closer look at the functions of Sample Size Calculator, one can calculate the sample size by defining the confidence level, confidence interval and population.
In order to identify the confidence interval, the calculator proposes to type in the information about sample size, population and percentage. The variables involved into calculation are also explained on the website. The tool has many advantages as compared to the manual approach to calculating the results. First of all, the researchers can be sure that the calculated results are accurate.
Second, the time spent on the calculations is significantly less as compared to the time that could be spent while defining the results manually. Finally, sample size calculator can determine the number of people that should be interviewed. The size should be enough to obtain objective results and reflect the outcomes about target population. The precision of the results depends on the percentage admitted for the research.
Creative Research Systems (2009). Survey Design.
Survey design is an inherent component of the research because it introduces data needed for analysis. It also enhances the main arguments and specifies the overall analysis functions. The data framed within a survey design has an independent sample that is further divided into clusters.
In this respect, the source provides useful information about the main purpose of the survey, its types, and functions. In particular, the survey design seeks to define what people want and expect concerning a specific issue. Conducting surveys and polls can enhance the reliability and objectivity of the research.
Using this source allows to point out the subsequent step of accomplishing the survey. To begin with, a researcher should establish the main objectives of the research project and determine the sample. Second, it is necessary to choose the interviewing methods.
Third, a questionnaire should be created in accordance with the previously established goals. It should be tested before introduced to the chosen sample. Finally, as soon as the survey is conducted, it is necessary to produce the report based on the findings.
Each of the above-presented steps is described in detail for a research to employ those in a consistent way. Apart from the step-by-step instructions, the source explains possible challenges and biases that might arise while conducting a survey. This is of particular concern to irrelevance of the questions, or inadequate methods of interviewing the participants.
Finally, the source introduces different types of surveys, including telephone surveys, mail surveys, or computer surveys. Each type is discussed in terms of advantages and disadvantages. An in-depth evaluation of the survey systems has provided a wider picture of which methods are the most efficient ones for conducting the research under analysis.
Folklore: Contemporary Legends Response Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The Hook This is a contemporary legend transmission because it lacks supernatural elements within its contents, and shows how various threats invade our space. Similarly, it shows how people are anxious about boundary issues. It qualifies as a contemporary legend because it has been in circulation in recent times and reflects the cultural reality of adolescents during that period.
Over the years, this story has been told and retold by different people. There are various versions of the story but the moral of the stories remain the same. In contemporary legends, women are often depicted as being vulnerable and weak, while the men are portrayed as the villains or heroes. These characteristics are present in this story and classify it as a contemporary legend.
Screaming Jenny As is with most contemporary legends, this story has anxiety as its backbone. It preys on the readers fear for the unexplained and warns of a danger that lurks even in places we think are safe. Similarly, the authenticity of the story is not determined and the story has been retold many times over the recent years.
The fact that the location of the incident exists in reality gives the reader the illusion that the story could be true. This is a characteristic of a contemporary legend. In addition, the woman (Jenny) is portrayed as a weak and vulnerable character who even after dying comes back as a ghost in pursuit of rescuing from men (the heroes/Villains).
Army of the Dead In this story, the laundress is portrayed as a victim of her own curiosity. Despite the stern warning from her husband, she simply can’t “leave well enough alone.” As a result she ends up suffering the consequence of her disobedience. This story falls under the contemporary legend category because it has a moral (messing with the unexplained can lead to dire consequences), the laundress is depicted as a vulnerable and weak individual and the soldiers (army of the dead) are portrayed as heroes going to help win the war.
These characteristics make for a contemporary legend. The story preys on the reader’s fears by implying that there are consequences when one interferes with the supernatural. In addition, the story has been retold numerous times and there is no clear indication on whether it is true or false.
The Driverless Car One for the main characteristics of a contemporary legend is that it lacks the origin/ source of the story. This can be evidenced from this particular story, which is narrated as a hear-say from a FOAF (friend of a friend). Secondly, it lacks supernatural elements and has eloquently shown how the events invade and threaten an individual’s space, safety and security.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, this story depicts how a culture (carjacking and ghost stories) can influence an individual’s perception in regard to what exists, and what he/she believe happens. Similarly, it has a twist in which the authenticity of the victim’s narration of the events are questioned after witnesses to the same occurrence walk into the cantina and dismiss the victim’s claims. These are among the characteristics that make the Driverless Car a contemporary legend.
The Clown Statue / The Clown Doll This story is narrated as a hear-say. The source is not identified and there are no specific details leading to the occurrence. It focusses on the fears of teenaged baby-sitters who are paranoid about the presence of uninvited predators lurking in the dark as they wait for the opportune time to attack.
Similar to most contemporary legends, this story portrays the baby-sitter as a weak and vulnerable woman whose space, safety and security are threatened. In addition, the man (in this case, the clown midget) is portrayed as the villain. On the same note, it lacks a supernatural element to it.
The story reflects on the culture that baby-sitters are often attacked especially in big houses by unknown assailants and that parents fail to believe their children even when they are in fact telling the truth. These are some of the characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.
The Legend of the Pearl This story explains the origin of the pearl. It gives a detailed description of how pearls came to be. It qualifies as a contemporary legend because the source is not identified and there are no specific details about how the situation came to be. The butterfly and the shell are given human emotions to support the plausibility of the story.
On the same note, this story lacks supernatural elements and focuses on the culture of love. It shows that there is happiness and sadness where love can no longer be found. The story is a classic representation of the complexities of love. These are among the characteristics that make it a contemporary legend.
The pearl is a symbol of the virtuous nature of love that can be experienced in today’s society. The use of a butterfly and a shell symbolizes today’s love culture, which goes beyond racial, ethnic and tribal differences.
We will write a custom Essay on Folklore: Contemporary Legends specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Legend of the Fir-tree This is a contemporary legend because it explains the origin of the Fir-tree and why it is used during the Christmas festivities. Like in most contemporary legends, the woman is portrayed as vulnerable and weak individual while the man is depicted as the hero who sets out to save the damsel in distress during her time of need. On the same note, there is no indication on whether or not this story is true.
In addition, the source, location and details of the contents of the story are not given. The story focuses on the culture of togetherness during the festive season and shows that as long as we have the Fir-tree in our homes, we are not alone. These are some of the characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.
The Body in the Bed This is a contemporary legend because it lacks main details about where the events of the occurrences happened and who witnessed it. In as much as the location is revealed, the story does not have enough evidence to ascertain whether it is true or false. On the same note, the woman (the body) is portrayed as the victim while the man is depicted as the hero.
Similarly the story lack a supernatural element and is based on a hear-say. The story reflects on contemporary culture in which people believe that Las Vegas is where people can easily be killed and hidden without other people noticing. In addition, the story reflects on the don’t-care attitude that people in today’s society have towards each other.
Black Aggie This story qualifies to be a contemporary legend because it seeks to discourage the youth against the dangers of hazing/pranking. This culture has been in existence for a very long time and though it is considered as a rite of passage it may have serious negative implications on an individual’s life.
As is with most contemporary legends, this story does not have a source of origin or evidence to substantiate its validity. Similarly, it shows how the unknown threatens an individual’s safety, space and security. The moral of the story is that individual’s may face serious consequences when they interfere with the unknown.
It seeks to discourage young people from playing dangerous games in sacred grounds. In addition, the story targets the reader’s fear of the dead especially so in cemeteries. The story’s ability to reflect on a popular culture and imply consequences from undesirable actions are among the characteristics that make it a contemporary legend.
Bear Lake Monster One of the factors that make this story a contemporary legend is that it has been retold several times in different variations. It has a supernatural element that seeks to elicit fear in the mind of the reader and audience in regard to the dangers that lurk around Bear Lake.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Folklore: Contemporary Legends by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The story seeks to warn people against swimming in Bear Lake alone. In addition, the story focuses on mystical beliefs held by people regarding supernatural creatures that prey on unknowing victims in places where they think they are safe. On the same note, the validity of the claims asserted by the story cannot be confirmed nor denied. These are among the various characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.
I’m coming down now! This is a classic example of a contemporary legend. It focusses on the popular culture in which people believe in haunted houses all over the world. The content of the story seems believable but there are no facts to support the claims. Another factor that makes it a contemporary legend is that it is based on hear-say in which it is narrated from a FOAF (friend of a friend) perspective.
As such, the origin, location and details leading to the occurrence are not validated. Similarly, it shows how the unexplained threatens the space, security and safety of an individual. On the same note, it contains a supernatural element which is supposed to induce fear and anxiety in the minds if the readers. These are among the various characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.
You can’t get out! This story is a mixture if dreadful perceptions and humor. The town drunk believes that he has met his doom and the devil has come to reclaim him for his wrong doings. This story reflects on the culture in which people believe that God will punish them for their wrong doings.
On the other hand, it is humorous in the sense that the town drunk misjudged the whole situation and panicked. The validity of the story is not ascertained. It has no supernatural elements and shows how an individual’s perception or misconception regarding a situation may threaten his/her safety, space and security. In addition, it is narrated as a hear-say meaning that it may or may not be true. These are among the various characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.
Gods and Humans Response Essay cheap essay help
Myths and legends of ancient Rome and Greece are not just the pieces of folklore, they are the parts of the cultural destination of these countries.
The main themes in these myths coincide as well as the characters and their behaviors. Most of the myths were shared orally for the future generations, however, Homer and Ovid made a great contribution into the cultural treasury, they wrote the books where they gathered the myths of the ancient world. Dwelling upon Roman and Greek myths, the relations between Gods and people deserve special attention.
Remembering the main idea of the myths which is to portray the creation of the specific natural phenomena via the God’s actions, the relationships between people and Gods cannot be rejected in the book. Reading the fifth book of Ovid’s Metamorphoses and particularly the myth devoted to Ceres, Pluto and Proserpine, the cooperation between gods and human beings is going to be considered.
Reading Ovid’s Metamorphoses, it is possible to see four major stages in the development of the mentioned above ties. At the first stage of the interaction between gods and people, gods understand that they are to act like people in order to understand their needs, e.g. the situation when gods fell in love. After this stage, gods understand their superiority and it helps them get what they want, e.g. the myth about Ceres, Pluto and Proserpine.
Some people become subjected to gods, therefore, they are given the right to govern other people that leads to the superiority of some human beings under people, e.g. the myth about the pathos of love. The final stage of human – god relationships is when people become gods, e.g. Trojan War. Focusing attention on one specific myth, it should be stated that the myth about Ceres, Pluto and Proserpine is a great example of the gods’ superiority under people (Ovid 1135).
Pluto was in love with Proserpine and he did all possible not to leave her “O virgin,.. Your guardian is a god– and I am not a common deity: for I am he who holds within his hands the heavens’ scepter: I am he who hurls the roaming thunderbolts. So do not flee!” (Ovid 1142).
However, Proserpine’s desire to remain free and independent makes Pluto capture her and get to the Underground where he makes her stay there forever. Being captured in the Underground, Proserpine’s mother is unable to find her daughter, therefore, she decides to punish people as she is unable to punish those who really deserve such attitude, “she exclaims against all countries, and calls them ungrateful, and not worthy of the gifts of corn” (Ovid and Riley 105).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, feeling the power of gods, people were afraid of them and tried to satisfy them. On the contrary, feeling their power, many gods understood their superiority and use it when it was convenient for them. However, gods also understood the importance of people and when it was about the benefit of people, gods usually supported them. The crops were saved from death and the fruitfulness returned to the Earth. People were fed and happy.
This is just one example of the gods’ superiority over people. There are a lot of examples when people suffered from god’s terrors, however, there are also the situations when people were happy from Gods’ superiority as they remained under the powerful protection.
Works Cited Ovid and Henry T. Riley. The Metamorphoses of Ovid, New York: Digireads.com Publishing, 2009. Print.
Ovid. “Metamorphoses.” The Norton Anthology of World Literature. 2nd ed. Vol. A. Ed. Lawall, Sarah. New York: Norton, 2002. 1138-1182. Print.