Puerta And Torres Case Case Study Essay Help Site:edu

Table of Contents Facts

Issues

Holding

Opinion

Analysis

Works Cited

Facts In Puerta v. Torres (Cal. Ct. App. – May 25, 2011), Antonio Puerta alleged that Anna Berta Torres had injured him and damaged his vehicle after a motor vehicle accident that occurred on June 19, 2007. Therefore, Puerta sought payment due to the injuries and damages arising from the accident. During the day of the accident, Puerta was driving his car when Torres’ car stopped near his car.

Torres’ car was about one yard from Puerta’s car. While turning into the gas station entrance, Torres was unable to complete the turn. Therefore, she reversed to complete the turn. While reversing, she hit the front of Puerta’s car. Puerta claimed that he honked his car to alert Torres. However, this did not prevent her from hitting his car at a speed of approximately 30 miles per hour.

Torres continued driving after hitting Puerta. Puerta followed her as he thought she was running away from the scene of the accident. Puerta confronted Torres and claimed that she had hit his car. However, Torres disputed the claims. Torres called the police claiming that Puerta approached her aggressively.

Torres photographed both cars before the police came to the scene of the accident. Puerta claimed that Torres’ actions showed that she was guilty of the offense. Running from the scene of the accident was one of the actions that convinced Puerta that Torres was guilty. Puerta claimed that Torres thought that the accident was so small. Therefore, it did not warrant the exchange insurance information (Anon para 16).

Puerta alleged that the accident injured his neck and arm. In addition, the accident damaged his vehicle. However, Puerta did not seek medical care shortly after the accident. He sought medical care approximately one week later while he was in Spain. He claimed that he was feeling pain in his arm and neck. However, doctors did not prove that the pain was due to the accident.

Issues The case presents issues on admission of liability by a party in an accident. Puerta claimed that Torres’ actions after the accident showed that she was guilty of the offense. She did not go to the gas station after hitting Puerta’s car. Instead, she drove to an alley behind the gas station.

In addition, by claiming that the accident was trivial and did not warrant the exchange of insurance details, Torres admitted that an accident occurred.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Puerta did not claim that he felt any pain on his arms or neck soon after the accident. He sought medical treatment approximately one week later. Puerta claimed that Torres did not provide an offer that included acceptance. Therefore, the court passed a wrong judgment in awarding the defendant $5,350 in expert witness fees.

Holding The court held that Puerta failed to prove that Torres had committed the offense. He did not provide consistent evidence. On the other hand, Torres provided evidence that was consistent with the events that took place after the accident. However, the court reversed the ruling by Orange County Superior Court that granted Torres the right to claim $5,350 in expert witness fees.

Opinion Puerta and Torres were involved in a road accident. Puerta took Torres to court claiming that her negligence led to the accident. However, after a trial that took one day, the court ruled in favor of Torres. Puerta appealed the ruling claiming that the court failed to provide a sufficient statement for its ruling. In addition, he claimed that the court did not provide enough evidence for its ruling. Therefore, the court erred in granting Torres costs under section 998 and section 1033 of the Code of Civil Procedure (Anon para 10).

Puerta claimed that Torres did not comply with section 998 of the Code of Civil procedure. The code requires the accepting party to sign the acceptance statement. This enables the court to determine if a party has accepted an offer. In the case, Torres did not provide a form that contained a line about acceptance (Martin para 2). Therefore, the California Court of Appeal reversed the Orange County Superior Court’s decision to award Torres costs.

Analysis The events that took place showed that Torres was not guilty of the offense. Torres claimed that she had stopped while turning to a gas station due to the oncoming traffic. Torres claimed that she was following her daughter who was inside the gas station. In addition, she claimed that she did not engage reverse during the entire occasion.

Therefore, there was no way that she could have hit Puerta’s car. She claimed that she went behind the gas station to wait for her daughter. It is a fact that Torres is the one who called the police after the accident. Torres claimed that Puerta approached her aggressively.

She photographed both cars before police came to the accident scene. The photographs showed that the two vehicles did not have any damage. In fact, the police officer who went to the scene of the accident claimed that she did not notice any damages on the vehicle due to the accident. Therefore, the photographs were a strong piece of evidence.

We will write a custom Case Study on Puerta and Torres Case specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After an accident, it is vital for an individual to seek medical treatment. Seeking medical treatment enables an individual to determine the extent of injuries that might have occurred due to the accident (Morissette 69). However, Puerta did not seek medical care shortly after the accident.

Instead, he sought medical treatment approximately one week later in Spain. In addition, Puerta did not claim that he felt any pain immediately after the accident. This made it difficult to prove that the injuries occurred due to the accident. Other accidents that occurred between the date of the accident and the day Puerta sought medical treatment may have caused the injuries. Therefore, Puerta may have sued Torres to benefit from non-existent injuries.

In addition, the fact that Puerta sought treatment approximately one week after the accident shows that he may have sued her after an afterthought. Puerta may have used the accident as a scapegoat to get payment. Reports from medical practitioners showed that Puerta got injuries from a previous accident. However, delay in seeking medical treatment made it difficult to pinpoint the accident. If Puerta had sought medical treatment immediately after the accident, he would have proved that the accident caused the injuries.

Torres made a CCP 998 offer that did not contain a line on acceptance. Acceptance helps in settling disputes between two parties. Failure to provide a line on acceptance invalidates the offer (Martin para 3). Therefore, the California Court of Appeal reversed the decision to award costs to Torres. However, the court did not find that Torres caused the accident.

Works Cited Anon. “Puerta v. Torres.” FindLaw, 2011. Web. https://caselaw.findlaw.com/ca-court-of-appeal/1568815.html

Martin, Shaun. “Puerta v. Torres.” California Appellate Report, 2011. Web. http://calapp.blogspot.com/2011/05/puerta-v-torres-cal-ct-app-may-25-2011.html

Morissette, Emily Lynch. Personal injury and the law of torts for paralegals. Aspen New York: Publishers, 2008. Print.

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How the Way of Reading Books Changed due to Rapid Evolution of Technology Research Paper essay help: essay help

Technological evolution has led to the development of electronic sources that are about to replace hardcopy books. The discovery of tablets and e-readers has completely changed the way people read (Mayer 34). The use of reading devices such as iPads and computers has increasingly become very popular among readers and there are no signs of this changing in the near future.

Authors and publishers have been forced to adapt to the new development in order to guarantee their survival in the industry. The development of electronic sources such e-books, blogs, websites and e-journals provides readers with a very rich reading experience because of the interactive nature these kind of sources (Mayer 34).

Technology has transformed reading from just being a passive experience into a very interactive experience where the reader can watch and listen to content apart from reading. Technology has enhanced content by offering a variety of electronic sources (Nord 74). Electronic magazines and books have enhanced content compared to print sources. Technological advancement has a significant impact on reading practices and habits.

Many publishers have changed from the traditional printing of hardcopy books to the more efficient and stylish electronic formats such as e-books, e-journals and other digital publications (Nord 74). Technology has made it possible for book buyers to buy any book they want online without visiting a bookstore. This is a clear indication that many people are willing to embrace the use of technology when it comes to buying and reading books (Nord 74).

The fact that the most popular titles are found in their e-book format means that many readers will have to shift from the traditional hard copy format to the e-book format (Nord 112). Although print books still control almost 80 percent of the book market, the number of e-book sales keeps on growing every year. This is a clear indication that many readers are embracing the use of technology in reading.

Students claim that it is more convenient to use e-books while travelling compared to traditional books because they can easily access content from their digital devices such as laptops, mobile phones and iPads without moving around with large volumes of books (Nord 112).

E-readers allow the multi-tasking and converging of technology which enable the user to access a variety of applications that make the reading process very interactive (Nord 128). The introduction of digital reading has led to an increase in the number of readers because e-books and other online publications are cheap and more accessible (Liu 64).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The development of technological devices such as iPads and tablets will continue to increase the variety and number of e-readers (Liu 66). Technology has really enhanced the reading culture because many people can now access digital sources on their computers without going to the bookstore.

The iPad is a new revolution in the world of reading because of its numerous applications (Liu 79). Although an iPad has many uses, the device is in most cases used to read e-books. An iPad can be used to read content during official duties and even leisure time. The device can be used to read e-books and other online publications depending on the type of applications that that the user has (Liu 79).

The number of newspaper and magazine readers has increased because readers are only required to have a computer with internet connectivity to access magazines in their electronic format. The majority of newspaper and magazine publishers have online electronic versions meant to satisfy the needs of internet users. The reading culture has been changed in a great way because of the internet (Nord 137).

The internet revolution has changed the scope of reading sources and in the process making the reading experience to be more interesting.

The internet has got a variety of multimedia documents that include web pages, blogs, e-journals, websites and e-books which provide readers with a lot of options to choose from (Nord 137). The internet has emerged as major source of content in recent years that is attractive to the digital generation of readers. Readers are able to download a lot of information in electronic form for present and future use.

Internet surfing enables a reader to access interconnected information from different sources in one instance (Raven 122). The internet revolution has been of great benefit to students because they can access a variety of reading materials form different online sources. Research findings have shown that many students prefer doing their academic research using internet sources compared to print sources form bookstores.

Many young people have grown up in the digital environment and this has a very significant effect on their reading habits (Raven 122). Applications such as e-readers have led to selective reading where readers can move directly to their preferred content as opposed to extensive and in-depth reading associated with print sources. Internet sources enable readers to read in all directions because the arrangement of content is non-linear. This kind of arrangement makes reading to be very interesting, flexible and interactive (Raven 145).

We will write a custom Research Paper on How the Way of Reading Books Changed due to Rapid Evolution of Technology specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The digital generation of readers can not read continuously for a very long time because of the type of devices they use (Raven 145). It is not easy to read for a prolonged period of time from an iPad or a computer screen because of visual fatique. Reading has become very superficial because readers using digital devices are always tempted to explore different topics in one instance.

The need to carry out extensive reading within the shortest time possible does not allow for an in-depth exploration of content (Richardson 106). Reader software enhancements have been developed to solve the problem of poor screen resolution which discourages many digital readers because of visual fatigue.

The advocates of digital reading are doing their level best to ensure that reading from the screen becomes very comfortable. The new reading software and devices have enhanced features such videos, animations and a variety of images that are meant to introduce fun in reading (Richardson 106).

Online reading materials affect the choice of content. Readers have a variety of information to choose from compared to hardcopy books. Readers no longer depend on print sources because they have access to both local and foreign content through the internet. Technological advancement has enabled users to develop an interest in reading news because of affordability and accessibility (Richardson 109). Sequential and continuous reading has significantly decreased as a result of digital reading that is very flexible.

In conclusion, the traditional reading culture has completely changed as a result of technological advancement. The internet revolution has had a significant impact on the reading practices of many readers (Nord 115). Digital reading has encouraged superficial and interactive reading.

In-depth reading is no longer possible because electronic sources provide very little room for that. Online readers can not concentrate for long periods of time because of the temptation to read a variety of sources. Online sources do not encourage sequential reading because of their non-linear arrangement.

General knowledge reading has increased in recent times due to internet surfing (Richardson 156). Digital devices such as iPads, mobile phones, computers and tablets have introduced convenience in reading because readers can access information in the comfort of their homes (Richardson 159). The majority of bookstores will soon close down because many readers prefer electronic sources.

Works Cited Liu, Ziming. Paper to Digital: Documents in the Information Age. London: ABC-CLIO, 2008. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How the Way of Reading Books Changed due to Rapid Evolution of Technology by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nord, David. The Enduring Book: Print Culture in Postwar America. New York: UNC Press Books, 2009. Print.

Raven, James. The Practice and Representation of Reading in England. London: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.

Richardson, Judy. Reading to Learn in the Content Areas. New York: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

Mayer, Richard. Handbook of Research on Learning and Instruction. New York: Taylor

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The Roots of Religious and Social Opposition between Catholicism and Pentecostalism Essay best college essay help

The question of opposition between religions is rather controversial because religions are based on the system of beliefs which are associated with the human spirituality, but not with any rationales and efforts to achieve the definite goal. In reality, religions in their association with such institutions as churches have more similarities with the market brands than with the aspects of the people’s spirituality.

From this point, modern churches compete within the market of the people’s beliefs, and this statement is not a metaphor because the victory in the competition guarantees the progress of the church not only in the religious sphere but also in the social and economic fields. Today, churches are closely connected with the social aspects of the people’s life within communities. As a result, it is possible to speak about ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ of the religious competition.

This idea is discussed in detail in the book The Churching of America, 1776-2005: Winners and Losers in Our Religious Economy written by Finke and Stark. According to the authors, traditional religions or mainline denominations lost their positions when upstart sects developed in the field as ‘winners’ (Finke

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Current Trends Affecting Marriage and Family Formation in Asia Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

The average age at first marriage has been increasing in Asia over decades. Though this phenomenon is worldwide, it is more prominent in Asia. Related to timing of marriage is family structure. The outlook of Asian families has been changing alongside the timing of marriage. This paper will explore various trends that affect timing of marriage and structure of families.

Socio-economic variables like education and religion have important impact on the timing of marriage and timing of marriage (Quah 7). However, it is important to note that these factors are not universal across the continent. Asia is vast continent with various cultural and religious groups.

Education is by far the influential factor. Education influences marriage both directly and indirectly. Educated Asians tend to delay marriage regardless of gender. However, other gender related factors influence how people view marriage. Young people in Asia may decide to delay marriage in order to enjoy government subsidies.

Available resources are limited and people could wish to pursue education first before they settle down. In addition, many young people may find it hard to balance the demands of married life with those of studying. Young people find it easy delaying marriage up to a time in future when they have completed their education.

Educated women tend to delay marriage as compared to their less educated counterparts. This may be attributed to the fact that education enables women to break away from the traditional mindset. Traditionally, most cultures expected women to be married early to a man of her parents’ choice. Education has enabled both men and women to choose their own spouses based on personal values sand expectations.

Previously women were expected to perform domestic chores while men were expected to be the providers. This greatly restricted women’s access to formal employment. To overcome this challenge many women opted to delay marriage until such a time when they have established carriers. Others may opt not to get married at all. This is related to the fact that women are expected to take care of their families after work.

Education also provides economic empowerment to women. Women who are educated are more likely to have well paying jobs than women with little or no education at all. In most parts of Asia, women are increasingly being empowered through education. In some parts women literacy levels is almost equal to that of men. Since employed women can provide for themselves, economic gains previously attached to marriage have greatly disappeared.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Women are free to choose whether to and when get married. Therefore, economic empowerment is accompanied by freedom of choice. Economic outlook of individuals is a reflection of the overall economy of a country. In rich Asian countries like Japan and South Korea, women tend to delay marriage by a large margin as compared to their developing counterparts.

Education has also influenced the view on extended family. The extended family had profound influence on when a member of the family got married. Girls were married off early. On the flipside women’s education may affect men negatively. Less educated men may encounter difficulties in finding a mate.

Age at first marriage influences the number of children one is likely to get. Generally, people who get married late are likely to have few children (Jones 90. This is more applicable to women than men. This in turn affects the structure of the family. Focus has been shifting from how many children one has to the quality of life. People are likely to postpone marriage until when they are economically stable (Gubhaju 20). Single parent families have also become acceptable.

Economic difficulties also influence when people get married. Harsh economic realities have made many men to delay marriage (Bajracharya

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The Colonial War in Southwest Africa Essay (Critical Writing) custom essay help

The colonial war in Southwest Africa in 1904-1907 is the example of genocide against the Herero people realized by the German authorities and military within the territories of Southwest Africa. The Herero people rose up to bring down the suppressive order of the German rulers to become the independent nation in 1904.

The actions of the German authorities and military leaders as a reaction to the revolt were too radical and oriented to the mass destruction of the Herero people. This fact allows speaking about genocide against the African people based on the threat of losing power by the German leaders.

Furthermore, this situation became the first example of genocide at the beginning of the twentieth century. In the article “German Military Culture and the Colonial War in Southwest Africa, 1904-1907”, Isabel Hull states that the reaction of the German militaries to the revolt in Southwest Africa can be classified from the point of the destructive extremes, and the source of this reaction is in the German military culture, usage of typical military practices, focus on doctrines and order, and inability to adapt to the non-European methods of war.

From this point, genocide against the Herero people became the result of the focus of the German military leaders on destruction, pursuit, racism, and mass killing in order to confirm their state’s power.

Genocide can be discussed as one of the most controversial global problems which is based on the issues of people’s intolerance and racism in relation to some nations and ethnicities. The revolt of the Herero people against the German rule in Southwest Africa was the reasonable reaction of the people to the suppression of the colonialists.

However, the German leaders focused on the quick victory in order to overcome the revolt and accentuate the country’s power. To achieve the goal and to become winners in the war, the German military concentrated on the traditional or habitual methods of the fighting and warfare patterns typical for the Western world.

Nevertheless, the approaches of the African nations to fighting are rather different basing on their culture and society’s development (Walther, 2004). Focusing on the European patterns, the German military did not expect a lot of difficulties associated with developing the war at the African territories. As a result, the German soldiers were destabilised psychologically when the Herero people were in their comfortable environments.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From this point, it is possible to speak about the psychological effects of the risk to be defeated by the non-organized African people (Steinmetz, 2003). Thus, the focus of the German military on the policies of destruction can be considered as the extreme approach to state the power of the country’s with the effective military and organizational culture.

The conflict of two different cultures ended in the opposition of two military cultures which methods were aggressive and destructive. Therefore, ideologies, psychological factors, and social impacts are significant for forming the military culture of the country.

The quick victory became impossible for the German military that is why the course was changed to mass killing and pursuit. From the point of political concerns, mass killings of the Herero people and their pursuit were effective methods to stabilize the situation in the region and state the power of the country which can overcome any revolt. The main political idea of the war was the statement of German superiority.

Nevertheless, discussing the situation from the point of the historical development, it is necessary to pay attention to realizing the principle of achieving the definite goal “by all means” at the beginning of the twentieth century (Hull, 2011). Thus, the concentration on emphasizing the state’s power made the German military able to kill thousands of people without following the traditional principles of the war.

If the actions of the German army are the example of achieving the goal “by all means” from the point of military culture, the situation with the Herero people should be discussed as genocide from the sociological perspective. There are no political or military goals which can justify mass killings and racism realized in Southwest Africa in 1904-1907. The actions of the German military destroyed the life of the whole community because of the authorities’ fears to lose the power and status (Walther, 2004).

The colonial war in Southwest Africa in 1904-1907 can be discussed from many perspectives, including historical, psychological, sociological, and political ones. The role of the colonial war in Southwest Africa in history is significant because it is the vivid example of the country’s usage of all the means in realization the definite goals.

Losing its position at the stage of preparation for the war, the German military focused not only on overcoming the revolt but also on destructing the nation with the help of mass killings. Nevertheless, the end results of the war could be less dramatic. From this point, it is necessary to pay attention to the psychological discussion of the problem.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Colonial War in Southwest Africa specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The German leaders chose the extreme methods of warfare because of the fear to lose the status within the European colonial countries. The fear became the driving force for developing the war and realizing mass killings of the Herero people.

Being ready to sacrifice everything to emphasize the political power of the state, the Germans not only re-established the German authority in the region but also contributed to the development of one of the main social problems for all the historic periods. This problem is genocide based on racism.

According to Hull, the origins of the German authorities’ violence are in the vision of the Africans as inferior peoples and in the focus on the order and power (Hull, 2011).

The colonial war in Southwest Africa should be examined from the all the mentioned perspectives because of the role of the experience for the development of the global citizenship. There cannot be reasons for any extreme human destruction when the war leads to killing soldiers as well as civilians. Focusing on the aim to defeat the enemy completely, the German military pursued the goal to develop the war according to the standard procedures and principles.

Nevertheless, the plan did not work within the environments of the Southwest Africa because of the people’s specific identity, culture, values, and visions of the world (Steinmetz, 2008). Thus, it is possible to speak about the responsibility of the authorities for actions which can be threatening for the life of local communities.

The German leaders ruling the territories of the Southwest Africa failed in relation to their responsibility as local citizenship because they followed the principles of colonialism and mass destruction. As a result, not only the Herero people but also German settlers became the victims of the German soldiers’ inhuman actions.

However, the actions by the German military can be explained from the point of the military culture and social patterns typical for the German society. Thus, the German authorities used to win quickly because of their unique order, effective organizational structures, planned actions, and developed strategies.

Nevertheless, all these principles were ineffective to fight with the Herero people who did not follow any specific war principles (Steinmetz, 2008). The inability to adapt to the specific war environments made the German military focus on mass destruction without focusing on any principles in order to avoid the loss by any means.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Colonial War in Southwest Africa by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As a result, the decision-making process realized by the German militaries in relation to the Herero people is based on the differences in cultures. From the sociological perspective, the decision-making process regarding genocide actions was planned and used as the effective method to defeat the nation physically and psychologically.

The colonial war in Southwest Africa is the dramatic example of genocide against the nation because of discussing it as inferior and unable to build the independent state. The destructive actions and pursuits of the German military led to the catastrophic outcomes. Thus, genocide as one of the issues of global development was based on the elements of the German military culture, practices, and doctrines.

References Hull, I. (2011). German military culture and the colonial war in Southwest Africa, 1904-1907. In W. E. Lee (ed.), Warfare and Culture in World History (pp. 143-164). New York: New York University Press.

Steinmetz, G. (2003). “The Devil’s Handwriting”: Precolonial discourse, ethnographic acuity, and cross-identification in German colonialism. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 45(1), 41-95.

Steinmetz, G. (2008). The colonial state as a social field: Ethnographic capital and native policy in the German Overseas Empire before 1914. American Sociological Review, 73(4), 589-612.

Walther, D. (2004). Gender construction and settler colonialism in German Southwest Africa, 1894–1914. Historian, 66(1), 1-18.

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Political Consequences of Globalization Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Foundations of Globalization

Globalization and Politics

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction While there is little consensus on a precise definition, globalization usually refers to a multidimensional process whereby markets, firms, production, and national financial systems are integrated on a global scale (Brawley 2008, p. 12). This definition, however, emphasizes the economic aspects of globalization.

Globalization in other areas of life such as communication, has ramifications in non-economic too, as in cultural affairs, and these can have subsequent political consequences. According to Müller (2003, p. 7), globalization may be described as a new social architecture of cross border human interactions. It breaks down the old international division of labor and the associated hierarchy of rich and poor countries.

Through the process of globalization, the integrity of the national territorial state as a more or less coherent political economy is eroded, and the functions of the state become reorganized to adjust domestic economic and social policies to fit the exigencies of the global market and global capitalist accumulation.

Foundations of Globalization Although theoretical concepts offer useful insights and directions for inquiry, specific social arrangements are always historical. That is to say, in inquiring into the issues of that have been resolved in the building of globalization; it is important to remember that what exists today has emanated from previous experience.

Among the conditions that have supported the concept of globalization include power, institutions, authority, and democracy. As the fundamental concept of politics, power has been thought of in many ways. One prominent conceptualization stresses the domination of one person or entity over others, whereas another emphasizes the construction of power through interactive speech that leads to acting together.

A favorite of political scientists focuses on the specific acts by which one individual or group induces another to do things that the other would not otherwise do. In addition to power and identification of interests in a global context, different nations have desired to lead the way and gain the cooperation of other states through institutional arrangements that make the coordination of policies easier and steadier.

According to Prechel (2007, p. 35), institutionalization has followed a practical and quite diverse course. In the late nineteenth century, the United States helped to found the Pan American Union as a means of gaining the cooperation of western hemisphere states. At the same time, the United States retained its discretion to intervene in those same states when its interests led it to at unilaterally. Authority has also been considered a key pillar of globalization.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When power is exercised by some people over others in circumstances in which both sides agree that there is an obligation to obey, one party has a right to act with authority (Cohen 2001, p. 21). In states with established governments and ordered societies based on justice, authority tends to be recognized to such an extent that citizens obey laws even when they disagree with them, and violators of law recognize that they are doing wrong in the face of legitimate authority.

The basis upon which those running a political system claim authority to rule and those subject to it find an obligation to obey forms one important line of inquiry in political philosophy as well as an important practical issue for political leaders and followers. Finally, there is democracy. In an ideal democratic society, power rests with the people. As a result, governments are often pushed to act in a way that takes public interest into consideration.

Globalization and Politics The politics of globalization includes two dimensions. The first embodies the efficient distribution of power and the constraints imposed by existing arrangements. Ordinarily, these constraints flow from choices that have established and now manage existing structures and processes.

The second dimension embraces a more visionary quest for alternative arrangements in the future. As is true of all politics, both cooperation and struggle are involved, domination and resistance are evident, and contestation abounds. To a large extent, globalization is most commonly presented as an inexorable process that consists in bringing the world together through technology.

Although the fundamental processes bringing human beings into contact with one another have been at work for millennia, high-speed transport and especially the computer have speeded up the process in the last quarter-century or so (Lindquist

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Global Capital Markets in Crisis Case Study college application essay help: college application essay help

Since the beginning of the financial crisis, the big question is whether the crisis will ever reoccur. Many players in the financial sector fear that re-occurrence of the crisis is imminent given the fact that the full stability have not been achieved. In addition, weak growths in almost all sectors of the economy have been persistent particularly in the major economies (Kalter and Holland 145).

Moreover, unemployment rates have remained persistently high as investment banks and individuals continue to pay back the excessive debts they accumulated during the bubble years. The result is stifled investments, slowed economic growth that in turn negatively affects the rate of employment (Kalter and Holland 146).

The problem has been exacerbated by lack of international co-operation on ways through which the crisis can be brought to an end. More worse is the high possibility of the global economic recession because of the US economic slow growth and the divisions in the euro zone. The major European economies require political determination to enforce international co-operation required to prevent breakdown of the euro as a single currency (Eichengreen 16).

In addition, major economies such as US and the euro zone are reluctant to co-operate with emerging economies such as China, which are still immune to the global financial crisis and can inject more capital flows into the global capital markets.

Moreover, countries are planning for short-term measures such as austerity measures rather than long-term policies that can finally end the crisis. The reluctance by countries to borrow for fiscal stimulus packages offered by major investment banks deepens the possibility for the re-occurrence of the crisis (Kalter and Holland 147).

The deregulations in the capital markets can still lead to the re-occurrence of the crisis. The regulatory measures that have been put in place are short-term while long-term measures and policies have not been formulated. In addition, many countries are still indifferent on whether to apply regulatory measures that can avert the crisis in the end or to live the whole problem to the market forces, which have failed in the past (Kregel 5). Given these failures, the likelihood of the re-occurrence of the crisis is high.

The re-regulations of the capital markets Though the capital markets crisis was blamed on longer periods of deregulations, the debate whether the re-regulations should be imposed still rages on. The fact is that there were regulations that governed the capital markets institutions that brought about the crisis.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The problem was poor implementation of the regulatory measures and the non-compliant of the regulatory measures by the capital markets institutions (Watt and Botsch 1007). Financial history indicates that there are greater gains when the financial markets are deregulated. Therefore, the gains of deregulations cannot easily be devalued.

However, following the crisis, there have been calls by the public and the players to develop and better implement the regulations that were put in place. Nevertheless, there have been problems with the re-regulations. The first problem is the where to re-regulate. The second issue is how to effect re-regulations and finally how to deal with effects of restrictive regulations.

With these complexities and the failure of the complicated and elaborative measures, regulatory institutions have been pondering over the best policy or regulatory measures to adopt (Eichengreen 17). Whether to go back to the old gold standards or to continue with the complex and elaborative measures such as that of Basel II or to innovate simple measures.

The old gold standards have already been taken over by events and the Basel II is too restrictive and costly (Eichengreen 17). The only option is to adopt simplistic measures that minimize the lines of businesses that investment banks can engage in and the types of assets in which they can invest.

Moreover, investment banks are required to balance the ratio of their assets to their capital or this ratio should not exceed the required number the regulators feel could not affect the banks liquidity. In addition, the investment banks should implement short-term liquidity measures to stabilize the asset values (Kregel 6).

All these measures are regulatory though not stringent as was before. In essence re-regulations are necessary, however, in a more flexible and innovative way. In other words, capital markets institutions must comply with the regulatory measures and appropriate policies that have been put in place in order to avert further crisis (Eichengreen 17).

The future of Eurocurrency and Eurobonds The Eurocurrency has expanded enormously in the past two decades because of many factors. The growth was due to the belief that the currencies can earn more interest in other countries as opposed to being deposited in the domestic banks.

We will write a custom Case Study on Global Capital Markets in Crisis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the US regulations policy that discouraged lending to the non-US nationals encourage investors to borrow outside the US thus enhancing the growth of Eurodollars market (Watt and Botsch 1014). Another factor is the oil crises in the 1970s that led to the increase of dollars within the London banks enabling the Eurodollar market to expand considerably.

Due to its un-regulatory operations by any governments, the Eurocurrency market has remained attractive to many investors as banks can charge higher interest rates on deposits of the Eurocurrency compared to home currency and lower interest rates to any borrowers of the Eurocurrency as compared to the home currency. Further, the interest rate spread between the Eurocurrency deposits and lending is less as compare to that of domestic lending and deposit rates. As a result, the Eurocurrency banks become more competitive over the domestic banks (Watt and Botsch 1005).

Eurobond market also lacks regulatory interference thereby reducing the cost of issuing the bonds. In addition, Eurobond markets have less disclosure requirements saving the cost and time as compared to the domestic bond markets (Watt and Botsch 1007). Eurobonds can be sold directly to the investors making the bond to become more favorable from the perspective of taxes. These attributes have made the Eurobond market becomes more attractive hence its rapid expansion in the last two decades.

However, this rapid growth in the Eurocurrency and the Eurobonds markets will be hampered by many factors majorly the continued global uncertainty within the capital markets. The uncertainty increases risk of depositors losing funds as banks continue to take measures to prevent collapse or failure in case of a crisis (Watt and Botsch 1007).

Though the risk can be reduced by lower returns on the domestic deposits, the domestic banks are also faced with the similar situation. The current global financial uncertainty has double effect on the Eurocurrency and the Eurobonds markets.

In addition, hedging companies can go under due to the global financial uncertainty exposing borrowing companies to foreign exchange risks. In essence, the crises in the capital markets have heightened sensitivity to corporate exposure and probable international volatility (Watt and Botsch 1007).

Works Cited Eichengreen, Barry. “Overcoming the Crisis: Financial Re-regulations.” Economic Development Quarterly 14.1 (2011): 15–35. Print.

Kalter, Elio and Allison Holland. “The Global Financial Crisis: Implications for Emerging Capital Markets.” Journal of International Business Studies 18.2 (2008): 145-175. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Global Capital Markets in Crisis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kregel, Jan. “Is Regulations of the Financial System an Oxymoron?” Management International Review 33.4 (2009): 5-13. Print.

Watt, Andrew and Andreas Botsch. “After the Crisis: Towards a Sustainable Growth Model.” Economic Journal 39.11 (2010): 1005-1016. Print.

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Risk Management in the Health Sector Research Paper essay help free

All organizations aim at making profits in the long run. In this regard, efforts are always directed towards the activities that can not only increase income to the organization, but also activities that reduce expenses. However, in doing this the organization comes across various risks that might be detrimental if they are not properly addressed. It is important to note that health organizations are not special as far as risks are concerned.

They are faced with a variety of risks that can negatively impact the organization or its clients. Therefore, health organizations have to choose the risks that they have to take in their endeavors to earn income. More importantly, the organizations need to implement mechanisms that will help in risk avoidance or control. As a result, risk management is an integral part in health care organizations throughout the process of health delivery.

Arguably, the change in technology that has led to changes in the way health services are offered has greatly influenced the risks that health organizations face. It is becoming increasingly difficult to predict the costs that organizations will have to incur whenever they are offering health services because of the increasing number of services that are offered as well as the number of people covered.

On the same note, there has been increase in health care service providers in recent times. This increase in competition within the health care sector has also increased the effects of risks while reducing income margins (Dyro, 2004). Health organizations have to make the decision of either avoiding risks which means reducing their profit margins or taking some risks and increase their chances of making high profits.

The emergence of electronic medical and health records also poses a new challenge to health organizations. Health organizations have to find a way of securing confidentiality of their patient’s health information while at the same time making it available to other authorized parties. It is important to note that electronic health records are susceptible to cyber criminals.

Furthermore, it is important to ensure that patients and employees are safe throughout that process of health services delivery. Unfortunately, health mistakes occur more so due to the improved technology that is currently used in health delivery. Challenges are being witnessed in the efforts of health organization to reduce medical mistakes.

Notably, the health sector is becoming even more fragmented as time goes by. This is in itself a problem because getting other services or information from other professionals is a challenge. Nonetheless, sharing of information is vital in enhancing health care quality. On the same note, policies have been implemented which define certain offences of health care organizations and define the civil and criminal penalties of each activity (Kavaler, 2012).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, not all organizational employees know which activities can be classified as civil or criminal offences. Similarly, health professionals are very scarce and shortage of staff is the order of the day for health organizations yet they are expected to provide services according to the health reforms.

Moreover, operational efficiency has to be ensured yet the organizations are increasing in size. The increasing threats of terrorism as well as the probability of medical malpractice have to be taken into consideration. In a nut shell, the high rate risk dynamism is a risk in itself.

Some people will ask why risk management is such an important issue in health organizations. To begin with, technology has advanced and many people are becoming technologically advanced (Youngberg, 2010). As a result, patient information especially the ones stored electronically can easily find their way to unauthorized hands if care is not taken. Cyber criminals are increasing their activities of hacking into various organizational systems and disrupting important functioning of these organizations.

It is therefore crucial to have information systems security upgraded to avert any such attempt. On the same note, financial crisis has hit various health organizations in recent times. While the health care industry was assumed to be shielded from financial crises by the nature of its formation, increase in the health care cover has opened it to any kind of economic downturns. As a result, it has become important to have financial risks also included in the risk management process (Kavaler

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Scientific Approach of Collecting Biological Evidence in Criminal Investigation Essay custom essay help: custom essay help

Forensic science is one of the accurate methods of collecting and analyzing evidence from a scene of a crime. Since courts require substantial evidence, investigators ought to use the most accurate forensic equipments and to follow all the necessary steps. Investigators use different approaches to collect biological evidence at the scene of a crime.

Chisum and Turvey posit, “All biological evidence is subject to deterioration and requires a lot of care” (2000, p. 23). Investigators may collect a number of biological evidence ranging from blood, hair, seminal fluid, to bones and organs. In case the investigators collect blood sample as their evidence, they do it using two five-milliliter tubes. Saferstein alleges, “The blood should be collected in vacutainers with Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) as anti coagulant” (2000, p. 45).

On the other hand, if researchers are to collect a blood sample from a postmortem subject, they ought to “get it from the non-body cavity areas such as heart or chief internal blood vessels” (Saferstein, 2000, p. 46). For easy identification, researchers need to label all blood samples accordingly.

In case the researchers wish to collect liquid semen as their evidence, they use disposable pipettes or clean syringes to put it into disinfected tubes. Otherwise, they may use cotton wool to collect the liquid semen. They can use the cotton wool to absorb the semen, air-dry the content, and utilize it in forensic investigations.

In many cases, scientists use swabs to collect trace samples (Chisum

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Democratic Racism in Canada Essay online essay help: online essay help

Despite historical and modern displays of racism as an intractable and pervasive reality in Canadian society, the overt denial of racism is delusionary because it allows Canadian to neglect the abhorrent reality in which a community is divided into white, privileged population and ethnical minorities. Indeed, the country ignores its rich historical background in which a rigid confrontation between the representative of the First Nations people and non-native population was presented.

The Canadian residents and institutions function on the basis of collective denial of the existing racial confrontation, which admits the presence of democratic racism. Canadians have forgotten their racial issues, including laws, practices, and policies that previously shaped their political, social, cultural, and economic institutions for more than three centuries.

The phenomenon of democratic racism will be analyzed through two lenses of social institutions – justice system and police to define how policy respond to the concerns of Aboriginal population and what role individual’s racial identity plays in their actions.

In fact, police officers are law enforcers that should develop an objective, unbiased attitude to all groups residing in Canada, irrespective of their racial affiliation. Nevertheless, racialized practices and beliefs are often implicit to everyone, except to those individuals who face them. The situation appeals to the importance of the dominance of white population, which does not only premise on race, but also on the construction of social identity.

However, victim’s testimonies and unrecognized experiences are still on the current agenda. Recently, a plethora of documentary films has been launched to discover the evidence of inappropriate treatment and give the experiences of the Aboriginal population to publicity. Specifically, the documentary Two World Colliding, centers on the story of Darrel Night, an Aboriginal man, who faced cruelties on the part of the police officers.

The representatives of the police department dumped the man in the outskirts of Saskatoon in January 2000, when the temperature reached 20 º C below zero. However, Mr. Night managed to survive and testify to the cruelties he had to experience. Moreover, the victim was shocked to find out that his case was not unique and there were many other Native people who had been frozen in the barren fields.

In response to unequal treatment, the Aboriginal community decided to resist to a police force and make it be responsible for the deaths of Native Canadian population. Despite the fact that the police officers were accused of improper treatment of Mr. Night, the court found them not guilty. They spent eight months in provincial correctional centre. So, the justice system failed to acknowledge the fact of racism, and therefore, this case is underestimated and biased because of unequal treatment and negligence on the part of official justice bodies.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A significant change in ideology dates back to 90s of the past century, the time when the Canadian government introduced its anti-racism reforms and encouraged funding programs. Apparently, the electing a neoconservative government was considered the most tangible change that occurred in Ontario.

The government was headed by Mike Harris who put an end to racial resistance. These initiatives were spread among other governments, but racial inequality and improper treatment of Aboriginal people is still on the rise in Canada. Biased and prejudiced assumptions are displayed and are apparent, both in the classroom and in the workplace, as it is presented in the film Race is Four Letter Word directed by Sobaz Benjamin.

Specifically, the movie focuses on the skin color as the apparent feature that allow the white population to divide the Canadian community into privileged and inferior strata. The director also highlights conflict and controversies around race by exploring his personal experience as well.

Benjamin steps away from the disguised nature of racial policies in Canada concerning whiteness and blackness and reveals the actual attitude of white people to minorities in cultural and psychological terms. Specifically, the author makes the point about the fact that white people take their identity for granted to dominate over the black community. As a result, such an attitude enhances social racism.

There are many other concerns with the concept of social identity in Canadian society that is specifically connected with the concept of whiteness. At this point, the analysis of the connection between racial issues and the white population is presented to discuss whiteness as an advantage over racial groups.

The patterns of attitudes and immigration policies toward the Canadian minority communities across the country are still predetermined by racial discrimination, leading to unequal treatment of certain groups, including Indigenous and black peoples (Justice System/Policing 2).

In the presentation, it is argued that the justice system fails to provide equal and fair treatment of the Native population because Eurocentric restrictions hamper the delivery of appropriate and acceptable services by health care agencies (Seline 2). As a proof, the movie The Mishuau Innu: Surviving Canada written and directed by Ed Martin provides evidence for extremely low living standards among the Indian population in Canada.

We will write a custom Essay on Democratic Racism in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The legislature policies reinforce neoliberal practices that put the welfare of racial groups under the threat. Overt discrimination of the Native population is not recognized by the Canadian government, although there are numerous cases of inappropriate consideration of the problems that occurred to the representatives of the minority population.

Although the country is considered as one of the most developed economies in the world, many representatives of indigenous people suffer from social exclusion. However, this inferiority exercised by the white population is denied due to the existence of social democracy.

Widespread resistance to anti-racism policies are presented at various levels, including individuals, communities, organizations, and systems. At the governmental level, the failure to introduce substantive policy against racism leads to even more challenging situation. Multicultural dimensions of legislative policies create a solid framework for consideration racial and cultural diversity and developing a new set of regulation for Canadian community, regardless racial and national affiliation.

Nevertheless, although multicultural awareness refers to the pluralistic nature of the community, there is explicit ambivalence about acknowledgement of other cultures to sustain unique identities and insure the equality of rights among all members of Canadian society.

Although the Canadian government recognizes the problem of racism, the reforms failed to progress because stereotypical beliefs remain unchanged (Justice System/Policing 3). In film project Miss Canadiana by Camille Turner, the focus is made on the Canadian outlook on democratic racism that overtly denies the presence of stereotypes and prejudices.

In conclusion, racism in Canada can be considered as the driving force of misconceptions and conflicts between the Native and Non-native population. It emphasizes the challenges that society faces while espousing such principles as social harmony, equality, tolerance, and respect for human rights.

At the same time, the Canadian community is reluctant to recognize racial prejudice and discrimination, which leads to a failure to develop the corresponding policies. Canadians are deeply committed to the policies and provisions regarding democratic society. However, the democratic principles contradict the recognition of physical differences as the basis for valuing individual rights.

More importantly, those people who face unequal treatment hold responsibility for the existence of racism in society. The controversies between collective and democratic racism shape the underpinning for Canadian racial heritage and, these issues should be considered in terms of the evidence of various forms of resistance to anti-racial policies.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Democratic Racism in Canada by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Justice System/Policing. Presentation. n. d. pp. 1-6. Miss Canadiana. Ex. Prod. Camille Turner. Canada: Toronto Film Festival. 2012.

Race is Four Letter Word Ex. Prod. Sobaz Benjamin. Canada: National Film Board of Canada. 2006. DVD.

Seline. Presentation. Section Three. n. d. The Mushuau Innu: Surviving Canada. Ex. Prod. Ed Martin. Canada: Best Boy Productions. 2004. DVD.

Two Words Colliding. Ex. Prod. Tasha Habbard, Canada: National Film Board of Canada. 2005. DVD.

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The Age of Hyperspecialization Report college essay help near me

In their article, Thomas Malone, Robert Laubacher and Tammy Johns discuss such a concept as hyperspecialization. This term can be defined as breaking or decomposing the work that is usually performed by a single person into separate elements or pieces. Moreover, these pieces should be done by two or more people.

The authors believe that this approach can greatly increase the performance of many businesses. In my opinion, this question is very important nowadays when business administrators try to find ways of raising the productivity of their firms, especially manufacturers. Moreover, this question can have significant implications for employees who want to find work that suits their interests or expertise.

The discussion presented by the scholars is based on the model of comparative advantage that originates from the ideas of Adam Smith. This theoretical model implies that individuals and groups are more likely to succeed, if they are engaged in the activities in which they are most skilled.

Furthermore, the authors rely on such a concept as the division of labor which means that by dividing the manufacturing process into several short tasks that should be completed by several workers. From their standpoint, the principles of labor division can be applied to many modern companies in which employees do not have an opportunity to display their expertise. These are the main arguments that the scholars put forward and they should not be neglected by managers and executives.

One should take into consideration that the authors of this article do not claim that their idea of hyperspecialization is entirely innovative. As it has been said before, they recognize the influence of Adam Smith on their discussion. Nevertheless, they want to show that many firms can benefit from hyperspecialization.

This issue is particularly relevant at the time when information technologies have become extremely sophisticated. Business administrators can do it by enabling workers to do the jobs that they can do best. They justify their recommendation by investigating the use of this method by different firms.

The authors rely mostly on the qualitative information collected from several companies. Their research technique can be described as a case study. The scholars paid close attention to the opinions of managers who applied the principles of hyperspecialization. Furthermore, they examined the views of clients who used the services of companies in which the principles of hyperspecialization were fully implemented. This approach enabled them to look at this issue from different perspectives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One should keep in mind that the researchers did not carry out statistical tests which could confirm the relationship between the productivity of a firm and the manufacturing technique that this organization adopted. Moreover, their sample of companies was very limited. This is the main limitation of this research article. Certainly, this drawback does not completely undermine the arguments of the authors. However, it indicates that the findings of these scholars cannot be generalized.

On the whole, the findings presented in the article suggest that hyperspecialization can improve the operational efficiency of businesses because it enables people to focus on those tasks in which they are most competent.

Nevertheless, the scholars acknowledge the drawbacks of this strategy since it can result in the lack of coordination, disappearance of many jobs, and increased supervision of workers. Nevertheless, despite these risks, hyperspecialization can be viewed as one of the techniques that can increase the productivity of many companies.

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Definition of Sustainability and Its Underpinnings in Tourism Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Tourism and Sustainability: Defining the Concept

Sustainability in Tourism: Theories and Implications

Measuring Sustainability in Tourism

Sustainability in Tourism: Application

Conclusion

References

Introduction Sustainability has become a buzzword in contemporary tourism research and practice. Thousands of businesses claim themselves to be sustainable, because they provide their services without damaging the environment. More often than not, sustainability is understood in the context of environmental protection and community development.

Sustainable tourism is expected to be able to balance its profitability concerns with the needs of communities. Apparently, the tools and resources used to promote sustainable tourism differ considerably across communities and settings.

This paper is a review of the current theoretical and empirical literature related to the topic of sustainable tourism. The main themes to be discussed in this review include: definition of sustainability and its theoretical underpinnings, the problems of measuring sustainability and tourism, as well as the case studies of sustainable tourism presented in literature.

Tourism and Sustainability: Defining the Concept Sustainability is a common topic in contemporary literature. However, its meaning is often taken for granted. Few, if any, researchers discussed the concept of sustainability in detail. Of all articles retrieved in this literature search, only Lansing and De Vries (2007) decided to review the meaning of the sustainability concept, as applied in tourism.

According to Lansing and De Vries (2007), the concept of sustainability in tourism has numerous categorisations and definitions, and this is also why the debate over sustainable tourism remains so fragmented and confusing. Saarinen (2006) supports this view and suggests that the concept of sustainable tourism continues to interest and irritate researchers. Lansing and De Vries (2007) take the definition of the World Tourism Organisation (WTO) as the starting point for their analysis.

This is also the definition, which is to be used in this review of literature: “sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long-term sustainability” (Lansing

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Nana Children’s Home Essay best essay help

Introduction Organization Description

Nana children home is a non-profit organization with a goal to provide for needy children. They offer God’s love and heal children for the sake of their security, safety and life. The incorporated children in this organization are needy, abused or neglected before the age of eighteen years.

The organization is located at Malabar in Florida. It relies on worldwide well wishers for provision to the children. Consequently, they have extended their reach among the continents including Australia. It relies on various advertisement strategies that facilitate their effect to most countries. Its funds arise from fundraising (40%), businesses/individuals (35%) and churches (25%) (Nana House 2007).

Advertisements

The systems applied by Nana Children’s Home management have been advanced by technology. They are able to reach their donors through websites, social media, newsletters, inquiries, public meeting, television and radio. These factors have facilitated the development of the organization into achieving the goals.

Social media, such as Facebook and Twitter, have managed to create a network that allows contribution from potential donors. Apparently, they have made the system easier to manage and reach many people simultaneously than in the previous times. The trend of advertisement applies high effort behaviour by applying various advertisement strategies.

In fact, if they do not reach their donors, it is probable to close the organization due to lack of funds. Therefore, they spread their operations and request for funding through high effort advertisements. The main issues of advertisement involve funding, parent responsibility to children, seminars and fundraising events.

Their advertisement websites have options for online donations that facilitate worldwide reach. This website has been advertised to other websites for connection purposes. Apart from the social media, the website has integrated with other websites that fight children abuse and neglect. Events are held to talk about and discourage communities from some issues. For instance, on 2nd and 3rd April 2013, the organisation arranged an occasion to pronounce their urge on child abuse prevention.

Analysis Exposure to the Advertisement

There are multidimensional strategies of exposure. The technological methods allow more exposures to many people than the traditional media strategies (Sandhusen 2000). Social sites have made a divergent and explicit interaction with people. Therefore, people are able to get advertisements and information easily.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This may happen through sharing of the website with friends and other people. Another way of exposure is through contextual internet searching. The organization has a formal website with all condition fulfilled. Therefore, the search engines, such as Google and Yahoo, could retrieve the websites when a person is searching. Media advertisement allows people to receive information through hearing on televisions and radios. It is a way that a person could be exposed to the information.

The website has a connection with many other childcare websites and donors’ websites that enhance the chances of encounter. Information moves within and around a targeted community through contact. This could be facilitated when people are talking about this organisation.

Calling is another way that information moves from one person to another and in a wide area. For instance, calls could move information from one person enlightened about the children’s home and reached a person without this knowledge. Consequently, it can be seen clearly that there are reliable methods of spreading information.

Theory of Attraction

It is apparent that a person cannot stay with people s/he does not like or adore (Morrison, 2002). The theory of attraction postulated that people pay attention to those who make them happy (Canham 2005). Otherwise, the theory suggested that people are happy when they are around other individuals who remind them about people they love (Pride

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