Public Health Problems Related To Depressive Disorders


Depression is a serious illness that can completely change and limit a person’s functioning. Depression is when a person is constantly in a bad, decadent mood (Healthy People 2030, 2022). Today’s rhythm of life is such that mental health is more and primarily negatively impacted. Studies worldwide show that depression, like cardiovascular disease, is becoming the most common ailment of our time. An enormous amount of stress, such as a large flow of different information, pounces on a person from all sides and often carries a negative impact. Nowadays, almost everyone talks about stress, and most people tend to think that it is the cause of their problems, including health problems. This negative impact on a person can lead to more serious problems, such as depression.

Types of Depression

Depressive episode: the most common form of illness. Its duration ranges from two weeks to a year. Intermittent depressive disorder: recurrent episodes characterize it; its duration varies from several months to several years. Dysthymia: duration of two years to decades. Bipolar type I depression: is characterized by alternating phases of illness, remission, and manic phases. This disorder is also called manic-depressive psychosis. Bipolar depression type II: similar to depressive episodes. Phase changes are also observed but without excessive mood elevation. A depressive, psychotic episode: in this disorder, hallucinations and delusions are observed. Atypical depression: a mild type of depression accompanied by drowsiness and inattentiveness in eating, abrupt mood swings, hypersensitivity, and a tendency to panic attacks. Seasonal depressive disorders: occur most frequently in the fall or winter.

Signs of Depression

Emotional: depressed mood, decreased activity, decreased interest in life, insomnia or hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation or lethargy, fatigue, loss of energy, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, suicide attempts, low self-esteem, impaired concentration, difficulty making decisions, and hopelessness, desire for isolation from society. Physiological: cognitive, psychomotor, and other types of dysfunction include increased fatigue, decreased sex drive, loss of interest or pleasure in previously joyful activities, sleep disturbances, decreased appetite, body aches, constipation, overeating, or complete refusal of food. Behavioral: restlessness, tension, nervousness, irritability, anger, mood swings, bouts of longing, squeamishness, exacerbation of interpersonal conflicts, passivity, the tendency to loneliness, abandonment of former hobbies, craving for alcohol and psychotropic substances, insults to other people. Thinking: inability to concentrate, make decisions, slow thinking, slow reactions, inability to see the good, irritability.


The American Anxiety and Depression Association was founded in 1979 to help people with depression and anxiety. This association offers free access to information about anxiety and depression. This organization aims to make people aware that such disorders can be cured. It has been helping people with psychological disorders for 40 years through research, conferences, and self-help books. This organization is staffed by highly qualified mental health professionals who conduct webinars and publish materials that will be helpful to people suffering from depression and anxiety.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Mental Health Conditions: Depression and Anxiety. Web.

Healthy people 2030. (2022). Depression. Web.

Bulut, S. (2019). Socialization helps the treatment of depression in modern life. Open Journal of Depression.