Living in this world, many people usually undergo several human stages of development, namely, infancy (birth), childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age (death). However, the research in the areas shows that there are a lot of other different stages a person should come through his/her development.
One of the most appropriate and famous classification of the psychological stages of a human being is Erik Erikson’s one. He has conducted a thorough research in the field of human psychology and age; he managed to distinguish and classify eight stages of development.
Each of these stages is characterized by the age, particular virtues, psycho social crisis, and varying relationships. Moreover, considering the case studies devoted to Chrystell and Betty in Funder and Ozer (2010), it becomes evident that these psychological stages discussed by Erik Erikson perfectly match people’s lives. Having considered each of the stages in detail the analysis of the specific case studies is going to be conducted with a reference to the real life examples.
The first stage discussed by Erikson takes place from the birth up to the age of two years. During this period a person may express various wishes, however, there exists the main psycho social crisis, namely, the conflict between trust and mistrust.
A person at this age tries to understand whether it is possible to trust words and who should be trusted. During this period of time a child is able to trust only his/her mother or the one who takes care of him/her. During such everyday actions as feeding and taking care, the children understand who may be trusted and who should not be.
The second stage of the human development according to Erikson is the age from two to four years. This age is characterized by the fact that a human being undergoes his/her main development. Children in this period of their development already do a lot of things themselves; however, parents remain the main people in their lives. Gender peculiarities become essential at this stage and children try to understand their autonomic issues often interconnected with shame and doubt (Nevid, 2008).
The purpose of one’s life is the main characteristic feature of the next period of time of children (4-5 years) being supported with family care. It may be noted that with the age children develop more relationships with people, they enlarge their scope of friends and people they socialize with.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Children ask themselves what they can do, whether it is a norm for them to perform their responsibilities and whether it is normal if they act more. School and sports become the main interests for children aged 5-12. Children at this age become even more interested in the surrounding world and their ability to act appropriately in that world.
Competence with others is the main virtue of this period of time. Personal identity and role confusion become interesting for people aged 13-19. This is the period when teenagers try to understand who they are and what things they can be involved in. Peers become role models during this period of development and fidelity often becomes one of the most important features of people. At the age of 20-24 love and romantic relationships become a priority.
Friends and parents become closer while others are kept at distance (Watts, Cockcroft,
Modern, Modernism, and Modernization Definition Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Modern, modernism, and modernization are the notions which may be easily defined in human mind, it means that one can understand what modern, modernism, and modernization mean, however, when it comes to formulation of the definition of the notions, people are unable to cover those with words.
There are a lot of different ideas presented as the definitions of modern, modernism, and modernization, however, they all may be criticized as they lack specification and realism. Thus, the main idea of this paper is to consider the definitions of modern, modernism, and modernization from different angles trying to find the most appropriate ones.
Trying to differentiate between these three notions, it is possible to consider the following data. Modernity is defined as the typical feature of the time. Each epoch has its own characteristic features of modernity. Modernism is a cultural response of the time to artistic movements.
Modernization is a social process which defines the development such as technological innovations, national states, democratization, secularization etc. It is possible to agree with the idea that modernism is the project which covers progress and emancipation. Reading Essays on Mexican Art by Octavio Paz, it is possible to conclude that the vision of modernization during the 18th century was absolutely different from how we perceive modernization now, however, it was modernization (Paz 37).
Max Weber said that modernity is the process of disenchantment of the world. I definitely disagree with this statement as making such statement, Max Weber assures the whole humanity that the previous population is worse than the previous one as from one century to another one the disenchantment of the world makes it worse and worse. Looking at the modern tomes and comparing those with the previous ones many advantages and disadvantages may be found.
The world is changing, the time is passing. There are always people who are unable to accept the changes and they consider all the development as the steps back. However, there are people who always look positively in the future and they consider present times better than the previous ones. However, it is important to measure modern, modernism, and modernization as various notions while arguing Max Weber’s statement.
Being a cultural response to the artistic movements, modernism cannot be perceived as disappointment, it may be misunderstood. Social processes are the natural developments which may not disenchant the world.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These processes also reflect human life and their vision of the modern world. Modernity cannot be the disenchantment of the world as it is the state of affairs, it just characterizes the state of affairs without being able to make any judgments. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that Max Weber’s statement is inappropriate and cannot be agreed on.
The issue of modern, modernism, and modernization is rather contestable as there is no one specific definition of the issue, nor cultural, time and space frames which may be used as the basis for making a definition. Therefore, the differences in vision of modern, modernism, and modernization are going to be present until there is a strict definition of these items.
At the same time, it is impossible to define these notions as modern, modernism, and modernization are absolutely different during different periods of time, with various perceptions in the past and in the future. It is possible to understand modern, modernism, and modernization only from one perspective, living at the present time and being able to judge about one modernism movement.
Works Cited Paz, Octavio. Essays on Mexican Art. London: Harcourt Brace
Gaining a Competitive Edge Qualitative Research Essay a level english language essay help
Abstract Business organisations operate in a highly competitive environment. Therefore, it is critical for business organisations to adopt strategies that improve their competitiveness. Companies strive to meet the needs of its stakeholders to remain competitive. Employee empowerment is one of the strategies that companies use to improve their competitiveness.
Employee empowerment increases employee motivation, which ultimately increases the productivity of the employees. Companies use various pricing strategies to ensure customers appreciate their products. Companies should not adopt strategies haphazardly. Successful strategies should take into consideration the unique needs and operating environment of the business organisation.
Gaining a Competitive Edge Businesses exist for the sole purpose of satisfying the needs of their customers. Price and quality of a company’s products are the major factors that determine their competitiveness. Therefore, it is vital for businesses to harness the skills and abilities of its employees to ensure that they provide high quality services. In addition, companies should price their products favourably. There is a close relation between employee productivity and motivation.
Highly motivated employees are more likely to have high productivity. Therefore, companies give special emphasis to the motivation of their employees. Organisations may use several means to motivate their employees. Employee empowerment is one the most common strategies that companies employ to motivate their employees. In addition, companies use various pricing strategies to improve their competitiveness.
An efficient pricing strategy should not necessarily imply that organisations should offer low prices for their products. In some instances, offering low prices may reduce the competitiveness of an organisation. Several successful companies use employee productivity and efficient pricing strategy to gain a competitive edge over their rivals.
Business decisions form the foundation of various strategies that companies use to improve their efficiency. The decisions ultimately influence the competitiveness and profitability of the company. Therefore, it is critical for an organisation to have proper decision-making mechanisms.
Progressive business leaders use employee empowerment, which incorporates subordinates of the organisation in decision-making. Empowerment increases the autonomy and discretion of employees in decision-making, and use of company resources that facilitate implementation of the decisions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sharing decision-making responsibilities within all levels of an organisation increases employees’ sense of ownership. In addition, empowerment increases the responsibility that employees have towards the outcome of company activities (Gitman
Why People Choose to Marry Expository Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Marriage is considered as an important stage in the life of every person when any man or woman is ready to become responsible for building strong relations with a partner and for creating a family as a significant social institution. Thus, the society consists of many families, and marriage is the most traditional way to create a family in order to provide the personal and social development of an individual.
This statement can be discussed as one of the main reasons for getting married. Nevertheless, there are a lot of other reasons for persons’ marrying each other which depend on the peculiarities of the historic development of the American society and the current tendencies in its progress. To answer the question about the reasons for marriages, it is important to determine such main aspects as the role of tradition, love, benefits, satisfaction of psychological and sexual needs and to focus on their further discussion.
Why do people choose to get married? In spite of the high rank of divorces in the society, people continue to create new families actively. There is also a tendency to marry for the second and third time after living in unhappy marriages and overcoming the problematic divorces. It is important to note that the general rate of marriages declines, but it is still high in comparison with the rate of divorces (Popenoe and Whitehead).
People continue to find security in the traditional social institution which has deep historic roots. Nevertheless, the correlation of reasons for getting married changes with references to the development of the persons’ social needs. The hierarchy of these reasons depends not only on many social factors but also on individuals’ expectations. Today, the role of economic benefits is significantly high, and it can be compared with the situation which was typical for the nineteenth century.
People are inclined to get married in order to improve their social state or gain the definite status with the help of a spouse. Moreover, marriages can be planned with accentuating the necessity to combine the fortunes and receive a lot of advantages from this kind of arrangement. From this point, both women and men want to marry persons without any problems with finances.
However, economic reasons are often discussed as insignificant in comparison with the necessity to emphasize love or affection. If in the nineteenth century love between the partners was often the result of the years of being in marriage, today love is the most important reason for getting married (Coontz).
Marriage is traditionally based on the idealistic vision of it as the happy union of a man and a woman whose affection depends on deep romantic feelings. Nevertheless, all the marriages can be classified according to the definite criteria and be happy or unhappy, ended or not with a divorce, and revealing many other significant factors. People agree to marry because all of them hope to have happy marriages, but their expectations are often not fulfilled (Patz).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Today, the necessity to marry in order to state love between partners and create a family is changed with the necessity to accentuate the level of intimacy between a man and a woman. Thus, the priority of love is changed with such an important factor as the satisfaction of the psychological, emotional, and sexual needs (Coontz; Popenoe and Whitehead).
Marriage has lost its legal and social status, and many people choose not to marry anyone (Popenoe and Whitehead). However, the majority of couples in spite of the status of their relationships seek for the successful partnership and psychological comfort. Marriage can be discussed as a kind of the guaranty of being psychologically satisfied in relations with a partner.
Moreover, it is the highest stage of the relations’ development. Those people who are married feel more comfortable in the society because of the fact the modern society is based on the institution of marriage when it is analyzed without references to all the progressive and popular trends. Marriage is a kind of security and an advantage for a person to develop the social relations and build interactions effectively.
The desire to satisfy psychological, emotional, and sexual needs without paying much attention to the romantic aspect of marriage also depends on the results of the women’s emancipation (Popenoe and Whitehead). Modern women are financially independent, and the improvement of their financial state cannot be discussed as the key reason for their getting married.
Love and romantic feelings are discussed as significant reasons for young women’s marrying a definite man. It is more typical for the present-day situation to marry in order to find a kind of stability and understanding in the family. Thus, the creation of the family is the way to build strong partnership which depends on the intimacy and emotional comfort, and the next step is the decision to have a child (Patz).
Marriage is a reasonable stage which follows the romantic relationships between persons, but the decision to get married is based only on affection when these persons are young and have many expectations. It is possible to state that people marry each other to be happy in their family life, but the most frequent reasons are to be satisfied in their emotional and sexual life and to meet their certain hopes.
To conclude, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the modern marriages in the USA are the results of the persons’ decision-making process when they assess all the possible advantages and disadvantages of marriages and correlate their current social status with that one acquired after marriage. Today, the idea of marriage depends on the economic benefits as it was centuries ago, but this fact is not overestimated because of the results of the women’s emancipation in the American society.
We will write a custom Essay on Why People Choose to Marry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Modern representatives of the American society are aware of their possibilities, rights, and freedoms. They choose to get married because they assess all the psychological, emotional, sexual, and social benefits of the process. However, romantic feelings and love are still discussed as important reasons for people’s getting married and creating families in order to live a long and happy life together.
Works Cited Coontz, Stephanie. “The Radical Idea of Marrying for Love”. Research and Composition in the Disciplines. Ed. Laurence Behrens and Leonard Rosen. USA: Pearson, 2011. 378-389. Print.
Patz, Aviva. “Will Your Marriage Last?” Research and Composition in the Disciplines. Ed. Laurence Behrens and Leonard Rosen. USA: Pearson, 2011. 443-448. Print.
Popenoe, David and Barbara Whitehead. “The State of Our Unions”. Research and Composition in the Disciplines. Ed. Laurence Behrens and Leonard Rosen. USA: Pearson, 2011. 390-402. Print.
Green house effect Essay essay help
Green house effect is the condition where thermal radiation emanating from the sun passes via the atmosphere. The earth absorbs a portion of the rays and reflects another amount back to the atmosphere (Karoly 546). The presence of green house gases, for example, carbon dioxide plus methane cause trapping of heat in the earth.
This is possible because the infrared radiations emitted from the surface cannot pass the green house gases without absorption. When green houses gases absorb the radiations they send the heat energy to the surface, and at the lower atmosphere causing the normal temperatures of the earth to elevate. Increases of green house gases to undesired levels cause conditions in the globe unbearable.
Increases of green house gases result from pollution due to human acts, for example, burning of fossil fuels (Karoly 546). In addition, industrial activities release significant amounts of the gases hence increasing their volume in the atmosphere. Large volumes of green houses in the atmosphere mean that the earth will continue to warm substantially because of the heat trapped by those gases.
As the volume of gases increase, trapping increases leading to rise of surface and atmospheric temperatures. The action of green house effect on earth is different to actual green houses because there is a flow of air in the atmosphere. This flow can lead to drops or rises of temperature due to loss of heat to the flowing air (Károly 547).
What are the main greenhouse gases?
The main green houses include carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor, methane chlorofluorocarbons, Ozone and nitrous oxide (Silverstein, Virginia
Summary of Commanding Heights: Episode III Essay best essay help
When America was attacked, so many questions did come up, and one of them concerned the dangers for the new world economy. Is terrorism on the dim side of globalization? This question came after realization of the irretrievable progress towards globalization. The main problem was to determine who would control the “commanding heights” of the economy-central governments or free markets.
The emergence of the industrialists indeed fueled up the age of globalization. Richard Cheney, the Vice President of the U.S, stated that globalization is very significant and if not put under control, it can do a lot of damage, especially to ordinary people. Creating a new rule on globalization seemed to be very hard in regards to the number of speculations that were constantly.
The third episode of the Commanding Heights series entitled “The New Rules of the Game” does examine the history and development of globalization from 1990 till the present day. The rate of globalization moved at a speed of lightening in the 1990’s, and it greatly boosted the expansion of trade in the history of the world.
Such development never occurred in the recent past. This unprecedented intensity of trade creates a lot of opportunities for wealth creation while on the same note it does create conflict or crises among the nations of the world which intend to have full monopoly of globalization.
After the communist regime collapsed, many nations started to tie together their wealth to the global open market. So many countries were at the forefront in stiff struggle to draw the urbanized world’s savings capital. Every country wanted to monopolize the free market that had been allowed among the nation states across the border of U.S. However, as advancement in technology takes place and new ideas arise, economic changes on the same note do occur with a lot of things coming into existence.
The economic recession of Mexico became a threat to Bill Clinton. This happened due to internet linked financial markets, unlimited capital flows and floating currencies, which led to a tentative venture that interfered with trade in terms of goods and services.
In Thailand, the massive pool of available funds seemed to be a great luck at its initial stages. Later on, it turned into a total catastrophe. Sooner all the Asian countries were overwhelmed with economic crisis. Everything changed to be violent towards those who write the rules that will control globalization. Poverty was increasing day by day. As a matter of fact, globalization seemed to be an interesting process that would promote trade and increase international relations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Indeed, free trade that had been in use for a long period of time (capitalism) started to vanished. The global market came to a reality, and it showed a lot of demerits of the American side, since it had strong competitors like Japan and Germany. America had to do something to keep investment at home. George Bush allowed unrestricted trade with Mexico and Canada.
So many people supported the idea of trading as it creates wealth, it also brings nations together, and it makes nations secure and successful in various areas. After this agreement, many foreign companies were built in Mexico; they exported goods to the American market. This increased employment opportunities along the border of Northern Mexico. Problems emerged since America was really taking control of everything, globalization was changing to be called Americanization.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was approved in 1993. It started to work in the countries that signed the agreement, in the United States, and even the intact land of Mexico. North American Free Trade Agreement was indeed progressing during the presidency of George H.W. Bush after it had been drafted.
It was later implemented under the leadership of Bill Clinton who was the next president of the United States of America. NAFTA was in every businessman’s mind. It was well received by the business leaders and the Wall Street. On the contrary, it was criticized by the U.S leaders to a greater extent. The majority of the U.S leaders did oppose it, since they knew it had more disadvantages than advantages.
The labor leaders, especially the members of AFLCIO, viewed NAFTA as a weak organization, since it was giving a lot of power to international corporations and not enough power to the individual workers. These leaders on the same note were afraid that NAFTA would lead to the economic recession in the United States and its bordering countries like Mexico.
This fear was caused by the fact that a lot of companies were just based on the borders of U.S in Northern Mexico. At the end, it really became very hard to decide who was to write the rules that would stop all sources of crises pertaining to globalization. It seemed impossible to impose rules that would control the era of the global game. It became hard to come up with the necessary rules, since everyone was skeptical about the globalization.
Description of a Marketing Plan Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
A marketing plan is defined as a business document prepared with the aim of giving detailed information about the current position of a business in the market and the marketing strategies it plans to employ within a certain period of time stipulated in the marketing plan (McDonald, pp. 23). Most marketing plans are designed for a period of one to five years.
A market plan clearly indicates the steps a business organization intends to take in order to meet its marketing goals. Some owners of small businesses do not present their marketing plans in isolation but rather incorporate them in the entire business plan. For business owners who decide to adopt SBA format which is the recommended one, some sections of the marketing plan become parts of a business plan. Alternatively, the whole marketing plan can be an appendix to a business plan (Bell, para. 3).
Typical marketing plans for owners of small businesses might comprise of details about the competitors, the product or service demand and a description of the weak and strong points of the market. This is done from a market perspective of the business enterprise and the competitors (Fifield, pp. 10).
Other common features of marketing plans include product or service description, not leaving out its unique features or qualities, a marketing budget which covers the advertising and promotion plan, the pricing strategy and information on the location of the business with the merits and demerits of marketing.
In addition, a marketing plan may include market segmentation which focuses on particular niche markets or, in case of large scale marketing, ways through which the marketing strategy may vary in different segments (EStember, para.4)
CCCD Marketing Plan Creative Concepts Computer Design (CCCD) is a company that deals with computer consulting. The marketing plan for this company involves the use of various programs in their marketing strategy. The main goal of the programs is to increase the sales with limited expenditure.
The company will use local newspapers to place their adverts and will offer workshops for members of the community intends. The final element the company intends to use in its marketing strategy is a vibrant website aimed at cataloging the services the company provides.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mission of CCCD
Providing the best services in computer consulting to its customers is the mission of CCCD. The presence of the company is justified by the fact that it can attract and retain customers. It believes that strict adherence to this principle will guarantee company’s success.
The company’s marketing objectives include increasing the monthly sales within the first year of operation and developing a brand reputation that will be easily identified with its quality.
CCCD has specific financial objectives that should be met by the marketing plan, among them a one percent rise in profit margin in every quarter, the control of expenditures for it to remain at a certain level and generate enough sales that justify the need for additional employees.
CCCD intends to offer computer support to people who use PCs in their homes and also owners of small businesses at technical and consulting level. Since the company is a small one, its growth is restricted by the amount of work that can be completed. Market research indicates that there is potential market which can be exploited by businesses of this kind. The constant technological advancements involved in the computing industry make it necessary for the establishment of businesses that are able to offer computer-related services.
The extensive nature of the current market of computer services makes it difficult to categorize it. Users of home PCs are the main source of the business revenue. The work done includes minor upgrading and giving advice to the users. The definition of the business market is the customers who possess several computers or a network demanding service.
The intention of CCCD is to position itself as the main computer consulting business in the market. Users of home personal computers and the community of small business owners will get professional services and excellent computer consulting that eliminates some of the problems they experience. CCCD adjusts its competitive edge to attain the anticipated positioning.
The company’s competitive edge is comprised of its unique ability to handle technical issues among all clients who use computers. The ability of the company to translate complicated computer language into understandable English is an important skill. This gives the company a chance to equip clients with advanced computing skills that make them feel comfortable within computing environments.
We will write a custom Report on Description of a Marketing Plan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Marketing Mix
The marketing mix of CCCD is made up of different approaches that involve distribution, promotion, pricing and advertising. The schedule of pricing is grounded on an hourly rate. However, the company exercises flexibility in order to fully address customers’ needs.
With regard to distribution, the company offers services either at the customers’ homes or their business premises. A multi-pronged mechanism will be put in place to advertise and promote the services of the company. Finally, the company knows the value of good customer support since this increases penetration to the new markets.
CCCD uses primary marketing research methods in a bid to obtain data concerning customers, the market and customer preferences. The company uses electronic survey to gather information about the market.
This entails the use of either email documents or forms that are brought to the end at the company’s website. The polling is aimed at survey people who belong to the targeted market segment. In order to warrant that the surveys are efficacious and rigorous, the process is outsourced to individuals experienced in statistics. The additional expenses incurred in the surveys are justified by the accurate and credible data obtained.
The most important information that CCCD endeavors to communicate to the clients is that the company has the capacity to handle all computer problems they might face. To achieve this, several communication strategies are used. The first communication strategy that CCCD uses is advertisement. The company places adverts in different newspapers in order to reach a wide range of its customers.
In addition, it makes use of computer presentations or workshops which are attended by the public free of charge. Such presentations are an effective communication strategy since they cover broad topics for individuals who do not have much knowledge in computer technology. Besides, presentations have another important function – they introduce potential customers to the company.
They are expected to generate many customer leads. The last communication strategy that CCCD uses is the establishment of a website displaying the company’s prowess in technology. In addition, the website enables the company to give a detailed explanation of its competitive edge.
Works Cited Bell, P, Importance of Developing a Marketing Strategy Plan,2012. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Description of a Marketing Plan by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More EStember, G, Why A Marketing Plan Is Important In Any Business, 2008. Web.
Fifield, P, Marketing Strategy, Routledge, Oxford, 2012.
McDonald, M, Marketing Plans: How to Prepare Them, How to Use Them, John Wiley
Capitalism and Its Role in Commodity Exchange and Value Essay (Book Review) college essay help
The emergence of capitalism has contributed to the development of the community exchange system. Introducing money as a tool for measuring use-value of commodities has provided a revolution into the economic society. Money, therefore, has become a powerful instrument of assessing prices and value of goods and services. They represent both material side and ‘fetishism’ of goods and services. Therefore, commodity price often equals to material and spiritual needs of consumers.
Apart from the presented network of commodity exchange, the complex capitalist system also introduces significant problems to the recognized system of use-value and its magnitude. Apparently, the problem of shifts and deviations is explained in ability of the capitalism system to estimate the commodity in accordance with labor engaged in creating the value of a product. All these problems are highlighted in studies by Marx about commodities, as well as in the deliberations of Longhofer.
According to Langhofer (2012), “…economic lives are comprised of thousands of wages, purchases, gifts, saving, and investment, but they are also social lives comprised of complex human relationships” (p. 108). The complex nature of human interaction also leaves imprint on value formation of the products of these relationships.
According to Marks, other than material side of value is more confined to mysterious processes because “the social character of men’s labour appears to them as an objective character stamped upon the product of that labour” (Marx, 2012, p. 133). Thus, commodity cannot be estimated on the basis of its material values because of the presence of human factor. Moreover, because commodities are result of labor of individuals working independently, the outcome can be regarded as a result of social relations.
The analysis of Marx’s theories and assumptions provides a better understanding of how capitalism and commodity system can face financial and economic crisis. Specifically, the theorist attached much importance to the capability of capitalism to adapt to the changes and reinvent the values and principles of commodity exchange and labor distribution.
Specifically, Langhofer (2012) emphasizes, “… that the spontaneous collision of social and economic events is actually not spontaneous, but is driven by underlying contradictions in how we create, manufacture, and manipulate the material necessities of life” (p. 109). Therefore, the mysterious nature of commodity is explained by changes in material concerns of consumers.
It is important for capitalists to understand how a specific use-value can be obtained, as well as evaluate attitude of consumers towards specific products across time and space. Judging from the historically predetermined trends, future approaches to commodity exchange will rely on the human relations and social aspects of market (Langhofer, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, financial and economic recessions also depend largely on which value will be introduced to the commodity with regard to the character of social interactions. The concept of exchange, therefore, will adjust to the changes in outlooks on market relations.
In conclusion, it should be stressed that the deliberations on commodities, exchange values, and economic crisis are closely interconnected. In case of financial recessions, the role of capitalist relations is confined to assessing deviations and shifts in exchange value.
Human factor should also be taken into the deepest consideration while assessing the consequences of financial and economic pitfalls for the country because they provide grounds for further analysis of free market opportunities. Approaches to treating the importance of labor and its relation to the exchange value of a single commodity provide better understanding of capitalist system.
References Longhofer, W. (2012). Networks of Capital: Dimensions of Global Capitalism. In W. Longhofer (Ed.) Social-Theory Re-Wired: New Connections to Classical and Contemporary Perspectives. US: Taylor
Flags of Our Fathers Essay essay help online: essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Analysis and interpretation
Introduction War can be associated with hell. Tagging one as a hero is not what makes him/her a true hero. Proper heroes have no thoughts of being as such. In addition, heroes do not earn the tag as they are supposed to in accordance with the World War II Marines in the renowned flag hoisting of Iwo Jima, but they are merely publicized. The film Flags of Our Fathers written by Paul Haggis together with William Broyles, Jr. comprises every one of these thoughts.
Commencing from a narration point of view, the film lacks an efficient flow: it clumsily joins different periods, hardly eked out in any way, and builds its themes apparent from the start. The toughest criticisms that are not in favor of the Flags of Our Fathers film regard their thematic exhibition and deficiency of fine flows particularly as regards such intricate concerns as true heroism and nationalism.
Extended incidents in the real attack of Iwo Jima sometimes nearly make the viewer fail to remember what antecedes in the movie. The director, as well the co-maker of the film, Clint Eastwood, generates the fight with cruel immediacy, which evidently brings to mind Saving Private Ryan (1998) film. The Flags of Our Fathers film is evident to the disgusting nature of battle.
It feels stronger than communications regarding ‘dying for the love of my nation’ or ‘we are not the true heroes’. This paper analyzes and interprets the narrative structure of the film. The narrative construction of Flags of Our Fathers is an enigma with the development of the themes of heroism and nationalism.
Explicit meaning The Flags of Our Fathers is a film regarding war of Japanese soldiers and the US marines to rule an island of Japan, Iwo Jima. During that war, the US occupied part of Iwo Jima. During the battle, death of over 22,000 Japanese soldiers guarding their territory occurred, whereas about 26,000 Americans died while attempting to seize the Island.
The fight was as well a defining moment in the war since being in charge of Iwo Jima permitted allied powers to instigate B-29 bomber attacks with the ultimate use of the atomic bomb, which could conclude the second World War (Bordwell and Kristin 23).
The United States’ conquest is identified with the achievement of the marines in flag hoisting on Mount Suribachi of Iwo Jima. During the flag hoisting, an occurrence cropped up; it turned out to be contentious because there were two flag hoisting in the attack of the US marines in Japanese.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One flag was hoisted by the third platoon militia, Phil Ward, Boots Thomas, Chuck Lindberg, Jim Michael, Hank Hansen, and John Bradley (appears in the photo during flag-hoisting) with the authority from Colonel Johnson. The secretary to the navy, James Forrestal, was taken with the zeal of the instance that he chose to fancy the Suribachi flag like a memento (Bordwell, and Kristin 25-28).
Chandler Johnson, resentfully, required a second Platoon to substitute the first flag with a larger one, marking the second flag hoisting by Rene Gagnon, Harlon Block, Franklin Sousley, Mike Strank, Ira Heyes, and John Bradley. The second flag hoisting became popular and the men who hoisted the flag as well became illustrious. The treasury minister used these men to render the nation more superb in memory of the heroes that died in battle.
The Flags of Our Fathers film has attracted numerous public reactions, both good and bad. This movie became a household name in the US, for it underlined the pride of America and the soldiers involved in seizing Iwo Jima from Japan. The enthusiasm of the US in backing this movie is revealed by the attainment of numerous awards of different sorts that control film industry in the US. In the market, Flags of Our Fathers, as well was one of the bestselling movies in the United States of America.
Alongside the good reactions, Flags of Our Fathers film got objections from Asians, particularly Japanese. In Japan, this film became a contentious subject as it symbolized the insolence of the US soldiers for killing thousands of Japanese soldiers and seizing Iwo Jima. Certainly, this movie is a case atrocity as human rights are disrespected (Bordwell, and Kristin 29-34).
Implicit meaning The Flag of Our Fathers has several issues to articulate concerning the themes of heroism and nationalism, and the way commanding icons and myths are produced at the cost of those that pass away during wars. Nevertheless, this film is Eastwood’s use of material that ends up being excessively mismanaged and self-conscious.
On a decorous stage, the Flags of Our Fathers tracks field that numerous other warfare movies have neglected. In some manner, this movie is a much-required assessment of the way typical men are frequently turned into loath nationalists that perhaps do not warrant the praises that their nations have stressed they deserve. The movie demonstrates how the US government fundamentally turned several of its fighters of the World War II into public spokespersons.
Through a period when the United States was tumbling into financial and social depression, and support for the armed forces was warning an American exit from the battle itself, the nation required icons to assist its people reinvest in the war (Bordwell, and Kristin 40-98). The movie is exactly right in the way it reveals the manner in which marginalized men are turned into heroic gods that ultimately happen to be little above salespersons for politicians.
We will write a custom Essay on Flags of Our Fathers specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Altogether, a navy corpsman and five marines set the flag. The co-writer of the book, which the movie is founded on, James Bradley, had a father, John (acted by Ryan Phillippe), amid the six men (Bordwell and Kristin 99-104). Unluckily, of all the heroes involved in the flag hoisting, only two received credit.
The most appealing feature concerning this film is the manner that Eastwood nearly makes the homecoming of the three men. The sentimental and physical sufferings that the majority of the men tolerated on Iwo Jima were clearly barbaric, but the continuous outpourings of feasts at home, champagne-corded gatherings, greetings from celebrated politicians, and massive publicity trips have dissimilar psychological results on the heroes.
The lingering scene happens when the trio is unashamedly compelled to restructure their flag hoisting on Mount Suribachi molded using papier-mâché. The position here is straightforward: the government is not concerned with the actual story.
The government neither considers that there was, in reality, two flag hoisting occurrences, nor does it consider that there were other men that passed away in that battle, who are the actual heroes (Bordwell and Kristin 105-112). The government just required physical and breathable placard boys to trade war attachments.
Analysis and interpretation As for thematic points, Flags of Our Fathers is an arrogant achievement. It has the guts to jump into the heart and deconstruct it exceptionally well. Eastwood is not a guest to demystify variety movies; he masterfully confronted several preconceived prototypes in the Western movie making (Bordwell, and Kristin 423-500).
While many war movies uphold their soldiers as heroes, Eastwood attempts to inform its viewers that the heroes of the World War II were hesitant, eager to tag their departed fellows as the actual unsung nationalists. The film is offensive on this account.
Hitherto, actually endures a deficiency of character advancement and an equivalent deficiency of an even and organized narrative flow. The film makes an enormous blunder by giving too many tales, frequently from both the precedent and current, and intercuts them shabbily. The film does not flow efficiently since it starts at a narrative chronology before clumsily leaping from that point and into a different one.
The outcome is fundamentally negative to the flow of the movie. Accordingly, this aspect also influences the development of characters. The film starts with awakening of an old man by a hellish nightmare of Iwo Jima battle. Then it goes back to the fight itself, before shifting further to the propaganda trip, and afterward shifts to the future with the elderly man, and then to fight, and afterward shifts to the propaganda trip and the shifting continues (Bordwell and Kristin 117).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Flags of Our Fathers by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Like their heroic roles, the portrayal of a number of the characters befits them, while other characters turn out to be mysterious. Ditto develops as a higher officer acted by Barry Pepper. The character Gagnon lacks proper development. At some stages in the movie, during cutbacks to the bereavement views of numerous fighters (the true nationalists), the viewer gets a difficult moment in trying to bear the characters in mind, in addition, to the way they conform to the movie.
The audience is needlessly presented the son of Bradley (in the future) as a character that interrogates the aging warriors currently, which just impedes the narrative further. Fundamentally, Hayes seems to be an exclusive character for having proper development in the movie. The fight scenes are disordered, quick, and blood soaked. For the greater fraction, the battle scenes are unrefined and vicious in flags, which in a way lack the necessity and frenzied energy (Bordwell and Kristin 240-300).
Conclusion The Flags of Our Fathers is a movie of odd contradictions and is neither anti-war nor pro-war. It intelligently pays tribute to the true heroes and nationalists who passed away in 1945 in the battle at Iwo Jima. Nevertheless, the film as well is critical of the manner that governments make fake heroes mollify the public.
In the current media hysterical world, the idea of hurriedly generated celebrities who are then simply forgotten is common, which makes the film appear remarkably current and significant. The Flags of Our Fathers is loyal for intriguing the themes of heroism and nationalism.
The narrative of the film is an enigma with numerous bits, which are coerced to interconnect, frequently at the cost of narrative construction. The Flags of Our Fathers is excessively haphazard and disorderly to be branded otherwise than an acutely flawed warfront film. The feelings of Clint Eastwood are certainly in Flags of Our Fathers. However, this is not the case for his distinctive subject.
Works Cited Bordwell, David, and Thompson Kristin. Film Art: an Introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.
Immigrants in the USA: When Knocking on the Door Does not Do the Trick Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Immigration has never been an easy topic to discuss; there are essential reasons for people to move from their native country to a different location, and these reasons alone are nothing to be happy about. In addition, the very fact that one is going to settle in a completely unknown place, in a probably hostile atmosphere, with the people of completely different traditions and mindset is enough to turn one’s stomach.
In the USA, the country with the greatest annual influx of immigrants from all parts of the world, the issue in question is more than topical. Since most immigrants manage to keep great integrity when moving to the United States and keep their own culture as long as possible, even to the point of trying to make the new place remind of the homeland, the newcomers can possibly have considerable conflicts with the local residents.
Analyzing the peculiarities of the way in which the citizens of the USA treat immigrants, as well as taking a closer look at the way immigrants settle in the new environment, one can possibly offer the means for the former to blend into the American society better, and the way for the latter to get along with immigrants. It seems that the current policy concerning immigrants in the USA is aimed at enhancing the impact of the American culture.
According to what the author of “Are immigrants doing enough to fit into American life?” claims, the American culture is forced into the lives of the immigrants: “Immigration Reform (FAIR), ‘is the old immigrants’ idea that you would never go home, that you were so proud to learn English that you would be insulted if someone spoke your old language. Immigrants are no longer grateful to be here’” (“Are immigrants doing enough to fit into American life?”).
Speaking of the policy which the Americans apply towards immigrants from all parts of the world, one must mention that the idea of the foreigners as the force that poses a considerable threat to the native culture and that the strangers should be feared is not quite new – the phenomenon of such xenophobia has already taken place in the history of the United States.
According to David Cole, “For a brief period in the mid-nineteenth century, a new political movement captured the passions of the American public. Fittingly labeled the ‘Know- Nothings,’ their unifying theme was nativism” (138); and, as Cole assures, the signs of hostility towards immigrants is a recurring tendency, singe it seems to take its toll over the USA population once again.
As Cole explains, “Although they go by different names today, the Know-Nothings have returned. As in the 1850s, the movement is strongest where immigrants are most concentrated: California and Florida” (138). Despite the fact that the current cases of “nativism” are directed towards Catholics and Germans no longer, xenophobia peaks again, this time aiming at the Latin Americans and Mexicans, as well as the former residents of some Asian countries, e.g., Japan, Korea, and so on.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More And, even though it is quite easy to understand the fears of the Americans – the culture of the latter is already notorious for borrowing a majority of elements from other cultures nationwide, the concerns of the immigrants are rather reasonable, too. However, despite the above-mentioned considerations, it is still obvious that the fear of immigrants changing the USA culture and the invasion of foreign cultural elements is nevertheless absurd. As Cole explains,
Our society exerts tremendous pressure to conform, and cultural separatism rarely survives a generation. But more important, even if this claim were true, is this a legitimate rationale for limiting immigration in a society built on the values of pluralism and tolerance? (139)
Addressing the issue of helping both parties to understand each other’s culture and traditions, it is necessary to understand that the issues in question touch upon both the perception of the world and the function in the society. In addition, the aspect of age matters considerably. For example, the strategy that suits the adults perfectly well can be completely inacceptable for children, while teenagers need a completely different approach that does not involve any of the elements for the two above-mentioned groups.
Thus, for students, it can be recommended that inclusive education should be allowed. Thus, the students will be able to both interact with the classmates and learn more about the culture of the Americans. As for the adults, certain engagement into the social and political life of the state can possibly be the solution. Meanwhile, one must not forget about the immigrant identity, which immigrants cling close to.
According to Massey and Sancez, the key problem that makes Americans consider immigrants not worthy of their trust is that “By living in American society, immigrants discover the categorical boundaries and meanings that are imposed on them by natives and do the best they can to broker those boundaries and meanings in ways that enhance their well-being” (241). Therefore, once immigrants learn step by step about the American society, and Americans learn more about the foreigners, numerous conflicts can be avoided.
Despite the fact that a lot has done for immigrants to feel completely safe in the USA< there are still certain prejudice that do not allow the local residents to feel completely comfortable with the foreigners living next door. However, it is worth considering the problem from the perspective of the opponents, i.e., the Americans themselves.
It is not that the citizens of the USA are gripped by an epidemics of xenophobia – it is just that the Americans are not aware of the peculiarities of the other countries and nations’ culture, and fear that, once accepted completely, immigrants will show their true colors and turn the city into their own idea of a place to live, disregarding the traditions of Americans themselves.
We will write a custom Essay on Immigrants in the USA: When Knocking on the Door Does not Do the Trick specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, the problem seems to concern both the demands of the immigrants and the fears of the citizens of the United States, which means that a reasonable compromise is essential to solve the issue.
Once both parties realize that their cultural differences are not going to be taken away from them and that no one is going to force them to live in a hostile environment and change their traditions, the argument will be settled once and for all. Hence, it is obvious that, allowing the Americans and the immigrants to see that they will not lose the touch with their cultures once they see more of the other cultures will help to balance each of them and make the USA an even better place to live in.
Works Cited “Are Immigrants Doing Enough to Fit into American Life?” Current Issues and Enduring Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking and Argument, with Readings, Ninth Edition, Ed. Barnet, Sylvan, and Hugo Bedau. New York, NY: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. Print.
Bean, Frank D., and G. Stevens. America’s Newcomers and the Dynamics of Diversity, New York City, NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 2005. Print.
Cole, David. “The New Know-Nothingism: Five Myths about Immigration.” Current Issues and Enduring Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking and Argument, with Readings, Ninth Edition, Ed. Barnet, Sylvan, and Hugo Bedau. New York, NY: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. 138-140. Print.
Massey, Douglas S.,
Healthcare Insurance in the United States Essay essay help online free
In the United States, it is estimated that close to 100 million citizens receive their healthcare insurance through their employers; this is a program referred to as Employer-Sponsored Healthcare. Based on the implications and benefits from this healthcare strategy, it suffices to conclude that employers should be responsible for providing healthcare insurance to their employees, as well as their families.
Purchasing insurance for the workers by their employer has significant benefits to the last one. It has economic advantages, as this tends to reduce administrative costs. When employees are registered as a group, the cost of administration is reduced as opposed to individual registration where a person has to bear all the costs. The problem of adverse risk selection is also reduced through the employer-sponsored healthcare insurance since most employer-sponsored groups are stable: they are formed for reasons of purchasing the cover.
On the other hand, individual policies tend to be higher due to the high rate of risk selection. Another reason is that these insurance policies help the employee enjoy costs reduction because the employer is exempted from state and federal social security and income security payroll taxes. This advantage enables the employees to save their money for household and other basic needs. Individual insurance polices deduct social security from the payroll of individual, hence increasing their cost of healthcare insurance.
Employer-sponsored healthcare insurance is also convenient as it saves the employees’ time since the employees automatically make the deductions from their payrolls. Therefore, they are not involved in the process of sending or remitting the premium on monthly basis.
More importantly, one cannot evade the question of innovation that goes hand in hand with employer-sponsored healthcare in terms of the delivery system that is evident only in the U.S. It has developed a way to the redistribution of care to cover the costs for patients residing both within and outside the health centers.
This healthcare program has led to the adoption of high quality models that take care of both funding and release of healthcare services to the employees, as well as their families. Kaiser Permanente is an excellent illustration of these models. Another advantage of the employer-sponsored healthcare is the establishment of more complex techniques of meeting the healthcare needs of the employees from all the angles. For instance, successive innovations have seen the dawn of bone-marrow transplant measures.
On the other hand, individual insurance is much expensive in terms of premiums, thus it is a disadvantage to the employee. Furthermore, it takes the individual a lot of time to remit the monthly premiums. The cost of administration of the premium is also high resulting in high premium. In addition, individual insurance premiums are taxed on a regression tax policy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Those individuals with high income are subjected to high marginal tax rates because of the expensive policies they hold. Therefore, considering these drawbacks, an employer within or outside the U.S. concerned about the needs of his/her workers will definitely offer the employer-sponsored healthcare insurance to his/her employees.
How Defense Budget Cuts Are Affecting National Security Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Defense budget in the U.S
The effects of the cut to national security
Introduction The American constitution gives the Congress the mandate to provide for the common defense of the nation as well as its general welfare. However, it does not provide information that defines the term ‘common defense’. Additionally, it does not give any specific guidelines for the budgetary allocation of the defense budget. For the last few decades, most of the Americans were of the opinion that common defense entails the activities of a single agency, the Department of Defense (DoD), in enhancing national security (Brook 33).
However, national security can only be achieved by coordinating the several state agencies and requires sufficient funding/budgetary allocation. The defense budget cuts are making many Americans feel insecure since all the agencies involved may not be able to function effectively due to the lack of funds and the development of modern threats to national security. The defense budget cut will impair the efficiency of the bodies responsible for the maintenance of national security.
Defense budget in the U.S A significantly large portion of the United States’ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is used in funding the agencies under the National Security Council. The agencies include Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Justice, Department of Treasury and the Department of Transport among others. The increase in military expenditure began after the Second World War. Prior to the War, the budgetary allocation of national defense was less than 2% of the GDP.
This proportion increased during the war whereby national security expenditure required a third of the GDP. According to Wilkerson and Williams, the expenditure dropped after the Second World War to less than 7% of the GDP (50). However, the expenditure rose again to over 14% due to the Korean War, Cold War and the Vietnam War during the 1950s and the 1960s.
Towards the end of the1970s, the expenditure on national defense had dropped to 7% of the GDP and the decline in the expenditure/budget continued for the next two decades. In 2000, the national defense expenditure had dropped to 3.8% of the GDP, which is the lowest expenditure that has ever been recorded in the history of the U.S. Over the last one decade, national security has exhibited an increasing trend in its expenditure.
The increase of the national defense budget over the last one decade is justifiable. The United States has been experiencing some non-traditional threats to national security. They include terrorist attacks from some of the world’s famous terrorists, drug trafficking and cyber attacks, which threaten the well-being of the United States.
Other forms of national threats include the spread of infectious diseases and energy threats. Besides the potential threats, the other factor that calls for sufficient funding of the national defense system is the complexity of the contemporary global security environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Its key features include stiff competition for the scarce natural resources, population changes and economic struggles. Additionally, many nations are fighting for not only regional but also global power, a battle that the Americans have to face. The recent advancements in technology also pose a threat to the national security system since a single computer command can cause as much damage as the previous decades armed forces.
For effective national security, the Congress has to consider the different parties that should be involved in ensuring national security. This stands as a fundamental aspect in strengthening the national defense capacity. The main areas that have to be addressed keenly are diplomacy, defense, intelligence, strategic communication systems, homeland security and the general economic development of the nation. Coordination of all these areas is essential in providing defense against any form of modern threats.
The reduction of the national defense budget may hinder the coordination of various parties responsible for maintaining national security due to the lack of sufficient resources. Consequently, the United States will be vulnerable to the insecurity from both local fugitives and terrorist groups.
Research has shown that the in the past, United States always regretted the reduction of the national security budget (for both the Department of Defense and the intelligence community). The lack of huge conflicts that call for strong defensive mechanisms should not be a guide to the reduction of the defense budget.
If the government does not invest adequately in building the nation’s defenses, then it might find itself in the future rebuilding them in case of an attack. As aforementioned, the modern forms of security threats such as the proliferation of nuclear weapons, biological and chemical attacks call for America to build effective defense against them.
The effects of the cut to national security The reduction on the amount of money allocated to national defense reduces the capability of maintaining national security, an aspect the U.S cannot afford since other nations are embarking on strengthening their weapons. For instance, China has been able to field diesel submarines, an aircraft carrier, cyber-weapons and a J-20 stealth fighter.
It has also build ‘carrier-killers’ and among other missiles, a satellite-killer ballistic missile. China is able to contest the freedom of movement of the Navy in the Western Pacific. The other nations that present a threat to the United States national security are North Korea and Iran due to their involvement in the development of weapons of mass destruction.
We will write a custom Research Paper on How Defense Budget Cuts Are Affecting National Security specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Terrorist groups also present an eminent attack on the Americans. Such groups include the Afghan and Pakistani Taliban, Al-Shabab in Somalia as well as the Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (Boot 17). These terrorist groups threaten not only the American interests abroad but also the American homeland. For instance, Pakistan’s Taliban recently sponsored an attempt of a terrorist attack to set off a car bomb in Times Square. Additionally, another terrorist group (AQAP) attempted to mail parcel bombs into the U.S soil.
The fact that the American military forces are unable to ascertain the safety of the U.S navy base in Guam, Okinawa and other places shows that the national defense requires more resources. The cut on the defense budget not only threatens the maintenance of the American military power but also narrows its chances of expansion an aspect that threatens the ability of the national defense forces to provide security to the U.S citizens.
The American Navy is one of the most important military instruments in the nation. Most of the times, its operations are based many miles from U.S shores and it does not require any authorization from other sovereign nations to do so an aspect that extends the defense perimeter of the U.S Homeland security.
This gives it the ability to perform some of the roles of Homeland security boosting the national security. It is able to perform surveillance of both airborne and seaborne threats besides gathering information for security purposes. It is also able to disrupt terrorist attacks ashore since there is a decrease in the acceptance of U.S troops stationing abroad.
The navy plays other important roles as far as national security is concerned. It provides for modulated military response, effective conventional deterrent and bolsters critical security balances (McGrath 50). It provides America’s survivable nuclear deterrent besides fostering defense, diplomacy and development.
However, the Navy is currently facing some threats. Certain nations e.g. China have heavily invested in the development of a series of networked and technologically advanced weapons and sensors with the aim of denying the United states’ naval forces the freedom of maneuver, which is the primary source of the U.S sea power. The military drawdowns over the past four decades led to a 33% reduction of the resources of the Department of the Navy.
This includes 18% reduction of its work force and a similar reduction of its battle force. It is evident that the naval force is already strained. Therefore, any further cuts that affect the availability of resources will be affecting a force that has already grown smaller and worn out due to its participation in wars in the past. The result would be the inability of the navy to not only maintain but also to gain sea control, which is currently threatened, posing a threat to national security.
It is evident that the cut of the defense budget will reduce the number of personnel in the various bodies that deal with the maintenance of national security. Some of the cuts such as the reduction in the number of F-22 fighters, missile defense interceptors, navy cruisers, strategic delivery systems and missile-defense interceptors are detrimental to the integrity of the national defense forces.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How Defense Budget Cuts Are Affecting National Security by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Rumsfeld notes that such reductions “leave America ill-prepared for a conventional conflict and erode the strong deterrent necessary to prevent it” (5). There will also be a reduction of the number of the Federal Bureau of Investigation agents, correctional officers, federal prosecutors as well as the Customs and Border Patrol/protection agents.
According to Fields and Block, customs and border protection personnel constitute a relatively large proportion of the homeland security-more than a third (15). Their role being the inspection of every person and product that enters the U.S, the cut will increase the polarity of the U.S borders due to lack of sufficient personnel. The cut will also occur in the Federal Aviation Administration lowering the body’s ability to carry out its duties i.e. to manage and oversee the nation’s airspace.
Its ability to control air traffic will also be impaired paving way for space attacks. The agricultural sector’s ability to inspect all the food-processing plants will be undermined. As a result, the safety of the food products available in the American market might be jeopardized due to the processor’s deliberate failure to meet all the food production standards. This poses a threat to the health of the people.
The cut on the defense budget will affect the operations of the National Security Space Architect (NSSA). NSSA was established to enhance the co-operation of the DoD and the intelligence community. It develops, coordinates and integrates the space system architectures of the two bodies for the provision of better defense.
Ferell stated that the NSSA is embarking on a comprehensive plan for enhancing national security that projects the space and programmatic needs of the two bodies (5). He added that the project would need some assets that are necessary for the acceleration of the certain technologies that may not be available with the resources that are at their disposal. Lack of sufficient funds will slow down or even sabotage the acquisition of the technologies, which renders the U.S defenseless.
The proponents of the cut on the defense budget argue that the amount spend on the U.S armed forces undermine the economic development of the nation which is the backbone of national security. Research has shown that currently the national defense spending, which also includes all supplemental appropriations, accounts for less than 5% of the GDP and less than 25% of the federal budget.
Compared to the national defense expenditure of most of the last century, the current expenditure is low implying that the budget does not need to be cut-it is eminently affordable. Following the report of the bipartisan Quadrennial Defense Review Independent Panel chaired by Stephen Hadley and William Perry, to achieve full military ability for national security, the U.S needs to increase the budgetary allocation for defense.
The panel found out that there “is a growing gap between our interests and our military capability to protect those interests in the face of a complex and challenging security environment” (Boot 18). The reduction of the national defense budget implies that the nation will not be able to achieve all its interests as far as national security is concerned which may instill fear in the citizens.
The defense budget cut will have a negative impact on the already strained military health care. It will lead to the provision of poor medical services to the military personnel lowering their productivity. Consequently, the efficiency of the military in providing national security will decline which is a great risk to the American community. The effect will not only be felt within the military but also to all the civil servants whose sole duty is to ensure the security of the nation. The nation will become vulnerable to foreign pressures.
The United States may not be able to defend itself against rogue states such as Iran without a fully developed missile defense system. The system is expected to be operational in 2018 (Armellini 1). The defense budget cuts may slow the process of developing such an important defense tool rendering the nation unable to protect itself effectively from missile attacks from not only rogue nations but also terrorist groups.
Additionally, the United States government needs to increase the availability of the number of unmanned drones and more forms of spy plane technology to enhance national security. The lack of enough funds for such technologies would increase the number of security threats due to missile and other airspace attacks.
The armed forces would not be able to defend the nation effectively in such attacks. Owing to the global technological advancement in the development of weapons, the United States requires a continual upgrade of their technologies, which may not be possible due to lack of resources. In such an instance, the national defense system will not be able to protect the nation against attacks in the near future.
Since 1990, the force has exhibited a declining trend. For instance, during that time, the navy had 546 ships and this figure has reduced to 288. The army currently has 45 brigades as compared to 76 brigades in 1990. Research has also shown that the air force had twice as many fighter squadrons and bombers as there are today (Merklinghaus 17).
The armed forces need to recruit more personnel since it is ageing with time. If the cuts of the national defense budget push through, the United States will end up in an unbalanced defense force that is not modernized which may affect the lives of many Americans.
Conclusion The defense budget cut will impair the efficiency of the bodies responsible for the maintenance of national security. The cut hinders the development of technologically advanced weapons rendering the nation defenseless. The lack of sufficient funds will result into the provision of poor healthcare services to the armed forces lowering their ability to defend the nation against attacks.
The cut will force the National Security Council to down size on its personnel, which is detrimental to national security especially due to the increased polarity at the borders. The decrease of the strength of the United States defense forces will render the nation vulnerable to the attacks of terrorist groups such as the Al-Qaeda and the Pakistani Taliban among others. Other nations such as Japan, North Korea and China are heavily investing in advancing their weapons.
The defense budget cuts will pave way for these nations to overpower the U.S, which is a threat to the nation. Politically, the 2012 general elections will determine the fate of national defense depending on the elected president since the candidates hold different opinions concerning the national defense budget.
Works Cited Armellini, Mark. “Roundup: Dramatic US Defense Cuts on the Way, Panneta Warns NATO.” McClatchy-Tribune Business News, 1.3 (2011): 1-6. Print
Boot, Max. “Slashing American Defense: A Suicidal Trajectory.” Commentary, 133.1 (2012): 14-19. Print.
Brook, Douglas. “Budgeting for National Security: A Whole of Government Perspective.” A Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management,4.1 (2012): 32-57. Print.
Ferell, Stephen. “NSSA Eyes National Security Plan to Outline Future Budget Needs.” Defense Daily International, 3.12 (2002): 1-5. Print
Fields, Gary, and Block, Robert. “Homeland Security Freezes Hiring; Potential Budget Shortfall of $1.2 Billion is Affecting two Big Front-line Units.” Wall Street Journal, 4 (2004): 15-16. Print.
McGrath, Bryan. “The necessity of Dominant American Sea Power.” U.S Naval Institute Proceedings 137.1 (2011): 48-53. Print.
Merklinghaus, Dennis. “Are the Cuts to the Defense Budget Necessary?” News Digital Weekly, 3.44 (2011): 17. Print.
Rumsfeld, Donald. “The Peril of Deep Defense Cuts; Our country has taken an axe to the national security budget after every war of the 20th century. And every time we later regretted it.” Wall Street Journal, 21 (2011): 5-11. Print.
Wilkerson, Chad, and Williams, Megan. “How is the Rise in National Defense Affecting the Tenth District Economy.” Economy Review, 2 (2008): 49-80. Print.
Globalization of the Local Essay (Critical Writing) essay help free
Globalization of the local is a concept developed by Thomas Friedman in his book “The World is Flat”. The author claims that globalization does not entail one entirely new civilization that is coming to neutralize all existing cultures. He argues that with globalization, all local cultures are getting the opportunity to become global; that is to extend their influences.
Of course, not all of the existing cultures are getting the same opportunity. Those which are more developed, and perceived by the majority of the world’s population as superior, are more likely to have greater influence in this new global culture. In addition, new forms of media are providing a chance for people to cherish their cultural origins in distant parts of the world.
This is very important because globalization is causing many people to migrate to other countries in order to pursue their careers. This way, these new technologies are contributing to the quicker flow of ideas and customs. Undoubtedly, in the near future, this will result in a complete integration of different cultures into one global culture which will be quite different from all the existing ones.
Many people oppose this idea of a transformed global culture for fear of losing their national heritage and other components of their identity. However, this view is problematic in various aspects.
Frist off, cultural transformation is not anything new. It is known that under the influence of social and economic forces, cultures have been changing tremendously throughout history. Secondly, experience has taught us that external intervention cannot stop the changes in the society that are occurring organically. A good example of this is the emancipation of Afro-Americans and women.
These two processes faced serious opposition, but they were, nonetheless, completed. Finally, globalization offers an opportunity to build up a culture which is superior to all others that we have witnessed in our past. In this effort, education is definitely going to play the crucial role, and thanks to the advent of new technologies, we now have the opportunity to make education available to everyone.
In conclusion, globalization is an unstoppable process, which if carried out in the right way, can be a great step in the development of human race.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Dell Theory In his book “The World is Flat”, Thomas Friedman suggests an interesting theory about international relations and conflicts, which he calls “Dell Theory”. The name comes from the famous company that produces electronic equipment – Dell. Dell is widely known for its supply-demand chain, which encompasses several companies around the globe.
These companies supply Dell’s assembly lines with all the necessary parts so that the assembly line is never interrupted. Friedman argues that once countries are connected through supply chains such as this one, they develop codependency relationship in which every side has some benefits. For that reason, Friedman argues that those countries would never declare war on each other because doing so would disrupt the supply chain from which both of them benefit (Friedman, 2005, pp. 420-422).
This is a very interesting theory which has been proven right on several occasions in recent history. However, I would argue that Friedman was not the first person to notice that connecting two nations through economic bonds reduces the possibility of a major conflict.
It takes only one look at the history of Europe in past centuries to see that politics of economic isolationism always culminated in wars with devastating consequences, WWI and WWII are the most obvious examples. The politics of open borders and cooperation, which was introduced after WWII, finally brought peace to Europe.
In conclusion, the cases of Dell’s supply chain and European Union are only two of many examples where it is evident that Friedman’s theory has firm empirical grounding. Since globalization faces many challenges mirrored in ideological, religious and cultural differences, this principle of establishing economic ties is perhaps the best tool for overcoming those difficulties.
Works Cited Friedman, Thomas L.. The world is flat: a brief history of the twenty-first century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005. Print.
Olympic Moments: Abebe Bikila, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, and Ali vs. Foreman Essay college application essay help
Abebe Bikila ran the marathon barefoot in 1960. This event is considered as the “greatest symbol of the new, rejuvenated, post-Fascist country” (Martin “Abebe Bikila”).
Starting the discussion from the very beginning, the following data should be considered. Abebe Bikila was a 28-year-old member of Emperor Haile Selassie’s bodyguard. He came to the Olympic Games in Rome with the pair of running shoes which were ruined one month before the games. The desire to participate in the marathon was that great that even the absence of the running shoes was not the reasons for refusing from the action. Abebe Bikila started his running with everyone and was the first to come to the final spot.
When the result was announced and when everyone saw that the men was barefoot all were amazed. It is impossible to disagree with that opinion as a person run barefoot without considering the pave and other difficulties and barriers which were created on his way. Abebe Bikila is a person everyone should consider as a role model. Abebe Bikila had a great desire to complete his task, to do what he planned without looking at the difficulties. This is what people are to do.
Abebe Bikila became the symbol of Rome and the Olympic Games of 1960. Many people might do the same in their dreams, however, they would never do it in reality, but Abebe Bikila dared and has done it.
The significance of this act lies in many specific issues. First of all, Abebe Bikila showed the problems of the developing countries. The financial situation and the absence of the simplest things of the first need is the real problem of such poor countries as Ethiopia. Moreover, Abebe Bikila showed that everything is possible, one should just have a desire.
It is essential that the result of Abebe Bikila was the best for him personally, moreover, it was the best internationally. However, this result was dismissed widely as everyone considered it as impossible. The next when Olympic Games took place he was taken ill with appendicitis and underwent surgery. Unfortunately, in 1968 Bikila appeared in a car accident and left confined to a wheelchair. However, even this fact did not preven this person from Olympic Games.
He “he won gold in a 25km cross-country sledge competition in Norway in 1970” (Martin “Abebe Bikila”). The desire of this person to represent his country at the Olympic Games was not ruined. Remembering Abebe Bikila, the 2010 Rome marathon took place to honor the action of this great person. Looking at his desire to go in for sports, his strong will for victory, everyone should get something from this case.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the Olympic Games have supported their status of an international championship where everyone may participate without strong requirement for their financial or social status. The action of Abebe Bikila has proven that the dream is closer than one think, it is just important to strive for it, train and try to do it more and more.
There are not many people as Abebe Bikila. Most of us would stop on the way to our dream, however, this in not correct. We should remember that only we have the key to our success and lengthy training and strong will are the only essential conditions for gaining our goal.
Tommie Smith and John Carlos were the gold and silver winners of the award for running 200m in 1968 in Mexico city during Olympic Games. Standing barefoot upon the victory platform, during the playing of the “Star Spangled Banner”, they each raised one hand, covered by a black glove, in a Black Power salute.
This gesture was a desire to pay attention of the society to the conditions of black people in the United States. However, the organizers of the Olympic Games refused to understand it. Having stated that this act went against the ideals and norms of the Olympic Games, caused the two athletes to be expelled from the Games. Olympic Games were created to show that all people were equal and the decision of the domestic problems by means of this event was not correct.
Generally speaking, the action made by Tommie Smith and John Carlos acted in accordance to their desire. They felt that no matter what they say they are not going to be heard in their country. The desire to act in the way they did was a guarantee to be heard.
Trying to act in favor of “justice, dignity, equality and peace” (Martin “Tommie Smith and John Carlos”), Tommie Smith and John Carlos understood that heir action may be incorrectly understood. I believe that the desire to win was motivated by the desire to show the whole world that the USA is a country which has the discrimination problem and such international event is just the only way to say about it to the whole world.
Not everyone would give a victory for the national problem, but Tommie Smith and John Carlos did. Expressing the pain of all African-Americans of the USA, these two persons sacrificed their fame in sports to the fame in social affairs. It is not easy to get gold and silver during the Olympic Games and Tommie Smith and John Carlos acted really bravely. These people deserve recognition and respect. From the first sight, their look does not seem deserving attention, however, this is not so.
We will write a custom Essay on Olympic Moments: Abebe Bikila, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, and Ali vs. Foreman specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Having raised hands in black gloves at the Olympic Games, they showed that even though the USA has many social problems, that black people are pressed and discriminated, they still have the power and if no one tries to stop this inequality in the USA black Americans are strong enough to do it. Tommie Smith and John Carlos wanted to show the American society first of all that having an opportunity to win the Olympic Games, they are ready to fight for their right not only at the sports arena.
Therefore, the action of Tommie Smith and John Carlos may be considered from two angles. First of all, they violated the rules and the norms of the Olympic Games, however, this was the final stage of despair when being pressed fro years, black Americans began to express their dissatisfaction.
This act was really important for the whole America society, for both black and white representatives. The black minority has shown that they are ready to fight. Moreover, this was not just the notification, it was the provocation. The final aim of this act was achieved and even though neither Tommie Smith nor John Carlos received their awards, they got much more from those Olympic Games.
The boxing fight Ali vs. Foreman called ‘Rumble in the Jungle’ in 1974 is considered as the greatest fight in the history of boxing. The prehistory of this event is as follows, Muhammad Ali was a great boxer, however, being 32 he wanted to regain the world heavyweight title from George Foreman. George Foreman, in his turn, was unbeaten in 40 fights.
Everyone waited for that match and at the same time each one was afraid of that match as no one knew who was going to be at the ring and what the outcome of the fight would be. T is possible to dwell upon the reasons of that match for hors. The desire of the greatest boxer of all times to show that he is the greatest and the desire of the winner to become the greatest one having beaten Muhammad Ali are just the prepositions. 35 years have passed, however, that fight is considered as the best one.
15 rounds passed. 15 strongest and the most tense rounds in the whole history of boxing were the most tense for both, the supporters of Ali and Foreman. Each round brought new feelings and excitement, each round brought new worrying and despair. However, each round also brought the hope for victory.
It was impossible to remain careless while watching the boxing. The final round could be the last for one of them, when one of the fighters was almost blind and another one was really exhausted. The finish of the fight was a relief for all, the fighters and the audience. It is impossible to remember the same spectaculars fight as this one.
Muhammad Ali and George Foreman fought for the death not for the live having forgetting sometimes that they were just the competitors in sports. Aggression and cold calculation were the main supporters of the fight. Boxing is not just the fight of two people, it is the competition when two strong souls appear in one place and one of them should leave.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Olympic Moments: Abebe Bikila, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, and Ali vs. Foreman by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Boxing is not the desire to beat the competitor, the philosophy of boxing is more complicated that one may think. Boxing is the desire to become the winner, however, this is more than just a fight. The strength of will and the desire to win should support each of the boxers. Muhammad Ali and George Foreman both showed great desire for victory. The rounds they fought were remembered and many generations ahead are going to view the fight to try to become as great as these boxers.
In conclusion, this event has come in the history as one of the greatest boxing matches in the history of sports. Being called “rumble in the jungle” (“We’re still in awe of Muhammad Ali and George Foreman”) this fight supports the expression. This was like the rumble where two tigers of lions appeared in the fight trying to show who was the best.
The fight declared that Muhammad Ali was the best, however, watching the fight more and more it becomes obvious that many moments may be discussed and the greatness of the match is declared as a result of the work of two boxers, therefore, the title is not important in the case.
Once a documentary filmmaker Ken Burns said the following, “The future (of sports) lies behind us”. The first look at this phrase makes people disagree with it, however, a closer consideration of an issue change ones mind. As for me, I am sure that the future of the sports lies behind us as sports depends on the actions which have already been made. Different hockey and football leagues are based on the rules which have been implemented before.
Various kinds of sports and the format according to which each of the games is going to be conducted have also been declared before. Therefore, the future of the sports is the issue which has been declared before. Even the actions people make right now will be the part when the future of the sports is going to be stated.
Considering the future of sports as the contribution of the past, it is essential to consider such global events as Olympic Games. These games have been invented many centuries ago and nowadays the medals and awards received at this specific event still remain the most essential for many people. History remembers many periods of time, events, political regimes, etc.; however, Olympic Games remain as one of the most important events.
Rules and format of this event has been developed for many centuries. Different countries became acquainted with the Olympic Games and nowadays this is an international event which takes place each four years and attracts more and more participants and spectaculars than ever. Therefore, the Olympic Games event was promoted many centuries ago. And the statement about the behind lie of future is correct.
Moreover, kind of sports has personal leagues and championships. Each of these championships has its history of creation. Some of these stories are simple, others are created for the memory or honor of someone. This is exactly the case when the future of sports is created in the past.
Sports championships like human lives have history and this history is connected with people. These people worked hard for the benefit of different kinds of sports. Sportsmen, coaches, sponsors and other activists who took part in past sports championships contributed to the present sports and benefited to the future one. This is exactly the case. The whole human life is created out of the part. No future is possible without the past history.
The sports is the sequence of events which have been invented in the paste, developed and changed during some period of time, was based on some particular plans and only the future generations are able to make those plans come true.
I am sure that future of sports is impossible without its past destinations, however, the past would not also be that great if the future plans were not made. Therefore, the past and the future of sports are closely interconnected. Moreover, the future of the sports depends on its past and it cannot be refused.
The considered cases of Abebe Bikila, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, and Ali vs. Foreman are not the only notable events in the history of sports, however, these events were essential to the history of their development. Each kind of sports has its own event which has made it essential for society as not just the healthy activity, but as the specific social event and this event has created the reputation of the event having made it popular and interesting for the future generations.
Works Cited Martin, Simon. “50 stunning Olympic moments No24: Abebe Bikila runs barefoot into history.” The Guardian 25 April 2012. Web.
Martin, Simon. “50 stunning Olympic moments No13: Tommie Smith and John Carlos salute.” The Guardian 25 April 2012. Web.
“We’re still in awe of Muhammad Ali and George Foreman, 35 years on.” The Guardian 25 April 2012. Web.
Parental Care and Responsibilities Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The notion statement: Should one of the parents stop working for a while to be with their children at home? I would like to support the notion that one of the parents should stop working at least for some time to be with their children at home. As we very well know, a good family system helps to nurture children into responsible adults in the future. There is a great need for bonding, intimate child care and guidance more so during their infancy stages.
Times have changed and the world of today is so immoral and corrupt starting from homes to schools to social sites, media and websites are full of malice, violence and vulgar talks that may easily corrupt the young minds and if no adequate parenting responsibilities and discipline are reinforced onto the children during their early stages of development, they may easily fall prey of these vices.
There is a great need to foster unity and harmony in the family by having quality time together and bonding freely with each other. This will eliminate any fear or boundaries between parents and their children and will enable them to freely open up to their parents whenever they face challenging situations in their social, academic or even spiritual lives.
Another main reason is the need for prenatal and postnatal care more so for mothers who have given birth. If such parents are working, there is a great need to seek for maternity leave so that they can rest at home and take proper care of their babies. In the United States of America, there is a Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 which provides job security of up to twelve weeks for employees who have reason enough to keep them from work like pregnancy, child care or other pressing family issues.
One may also choose voluntarily to withdraw from work for some time just to be with their families more so for the young families to set the right foundation for their toddlers. One of the partners preferable the wife, may choose to stay at home while the husband goes to work to sustain the daily family needs.
At the end of the day they would have achieved much and covered milestones putting ethics and family matters in mind. Recent research has shown that most of the burglary and theft cases registered in the country have all to do with the victims’ background and family system hence erecting strong foundations in our family systems will go a long way to fight the many incidences of illegal practices and uncouth behaviors portrayed by our young generation.
When one parent stays back at home to attend to family matters, it fosters accountability between the partners as each one knows what is expected of them and works tirelessly towards meeting their responsibilities and at the same time complementing each other. It also avoids misunderstandings in the home since most of these conflicts arise when everyone seems to be too busy with their office work hence neglecting their responsibilities back at home.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another advantage of one of the parents being at home with the kids is the certainty that their children are in safe hands under the custody of their mother as opposed to families that employ servants to keep watch of their homes and take care of their children. Most of these servants end up influencing the children negatively and in case of a misunderstanding between them and their masters, they may redirect their anger and frustrations to the children.
Some of them cause conflicts and misunderstandings between family members or even go to the extend of having affairs with one of the partners hence bringing down the marriage institution. Hence having a wife to take care of the home can really save a lot of drama and trouble in the family or marriage institution.
Despite all these pros about one of the parents staying back at home to take care of the family, there are also cons that come with it for example for families that are not well off financially may find it hard to cope with the ever rising cost of living which is to be shouldered by one partner while the other sits back at home to take care of the children.
In the case where both work, at least one supplements the other as they pull their resources or income together to meet all their family needs but when one partner takes up the responsibility of fending for the family, other special needs may go unattended for hence making life miserable. In such a case, it is only logical for both parties to be involved in fending for, and taking care of the family.
Parents should not stop working in order to take care of their children because of financial security purposes. Families where one of the parents is the sole breadwinner, stands a high risk of plunging into deep economic disparities should the breadwinner die or be incapacitated hence the need to have both parents working so that in case of a misfortune, the other partner will be able to stand in the gap and help meet the needs of the family.
In families where both parents work, there is some sense of respect for each other and no single partner seems superior over the other. This creates respect, harmony and understanding and also fosters appropriate decision making since both partners are involved before settling to do something.
In conclusion, a good family system should always be upheld so as to establish an appropriate foundation for their children for the way a child is raised will really influence or determine the course he or she will take in their future lives.
We will write a custom Essay on Parental Care and Responsibilities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One also has to first examine the situation of his or her family before deciding the most appropriate way to handle family matters for what may work for one family may not be successful with the other. In my opinion, I support the notion that one parent should stop working for some time to take care of the family.
Climate Changes Critical Essay custom essay help
The Article “Global Warming: Neglecting the Complexities” by Stephen Schneider sets out to refute the views expressed by Bjørn Lomborg in his book “The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World”, which offers an optimistic prediction of the future of the earth’s climate conditions.
Schneider begins by establishing himself as an authority on the topic of global warming. He notes that even with his expansive expertise in the area, he is unable to comment with any certainty concerning the outcome of the climate change issue. Schneider (2002) further on observes that other credible authorities on the subject have also taken the same stance, refusing to provide conclusive predictions of the earth’s future temperatures due to its uncertainty.
Schneider (2002) derides Lomborg, who despite explicitly stating, “I am not myself an expert as regards environmental problems” proceeds to give subjective probabilistic estimate of future climatic conditions. While Lomborg makes use of numerous resources to back up his work, Schneider reveals that he cites too many secondary literature and media articles.
The bulk of the peer-reviewed articles that he makes use of are those that support his view while those disproving it are avoided. Lomborg also interprets the data from studies in a way that is favorable to his view. When reporting on projections that give ranges of outcomes, he chooses the least serious ones and this leads to misinformation.
Schneider (2002) categorically disputes the four basic arguments made by Lomborg in his climate chapter. He accuses Lomborg of making use of secondary sources in reporting and therefore failing to get some key concepts, which are contained in the original material.
Lomborg also draws conclusions on matters of global scale based on incomplete data that covers only small portions of an ocean. Such generalizations are faulty since the entire globe is very diverse. Mackenzie (2011) acknowledging this by pointing out that climatic changes vary for different regions and large number of simulations are required to make any large scale projection.
Schneider (2002) accuses Lomborg of making use of controversial hypothesis theories such as the one that “solar magnetic events modulate cosmic rays and produce a clear connection between global low level cloud cover and incoming cosmic radiation” (p.3).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lomborg uses such speculative theories to explain the cause of climatic changes and downplay the role of carbon dioxide. Such an outlook is rejected by Mackenzie (2011) who singles out carbon dioxide as the chief culprit in the heating of the lower atmosphere which leads to global warming.
Schneider (2002) also objects to Lomborg’s proposition that economic growth and development are good for the environment since the assertion ignores the fact that carbon dioxide emissions increase with industrial activity. This view is supported by Mackenzie (2011) who observes that greenhouse gases caused by human industrial endeavors persist in the atmosphere for decades.
Therefore, the present rise in concentrations of these gases will have impacts on the climate far into the future. Accusations are also leveled against Lomborg for making predictions about the world’s future power sources based on nothing. These predictions which suggest that there will not be a major increase in carbon dioxide since renewable technologies will overtake fossil fuels as the prevalent energy source are not based on any fact.
The cost-benefit calculations done by Lomborg are also derided as being distorted and of poor analytical value. He blatantly ignores the sound practice of downgrading aggregate cost-benefit studies by government representatives who concur that such studies do not consider many categories of damages that are of importance.
By undervaluing the cost of climate damages and overvaluing the cost of actions taken to counter climate changes, Lomborg makes it appear as if inaction would be preferred to any steps taken to mitigate climate changes.
Lomborg ignores the catastrophic outcomes of the climatic changes and is therefore able to predict a future that is favorable and inflicted by minimal climate changes. Schneider (2002) also disagrees with Lomborg’s assumption that the Kyoto Protocol will be the only climate policy in existence for the next 100 years. The protocol is the first step in a series of policies that will be used to positively influence climate change over the decades.
In conclusion, the article argues that the publisher of Lomborg’s book should have made use of a wide range of reviewers considering the interdisciplinary topic that the book set out to address. Schneider signs off by lamenting the negative impact that Lomborg’s book will have on laypeople and policymakers who might believe the many wrong conclusions advanced in the book.
We will write a custom Essay on Climate Changes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The researcher Bjorn Lomborg offers a defense for his work in the article titled “The Skeptical Environmentalist Replies”. He begins by questioning the neutrality of his critics who are closely identified with environmental advocacy. Lomborg (2002) then observes that the criticism offered by Stephen Schneider was a fundamental misrepresentation of his book. To begin with, this criticism ignored the fact that his book made use of the best information on the state of the world and referenced many credible sources on each topic.
While he does not consider himself an expert on the issue, Lomborg supports his presumptions with credible sources most notably of which are the United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The article reacts to the accusation that Lomborg misunderstood the research he used by noting that some of the authors he referenced (for example Richard Lindzen) agree with his translation of their work.
The article observes that while the intuitive reaction would be to do something about global warming, such a response would be wrong considering the cost of action. A good alternative would be to use the resources available to handle the problems where most good can be done.
Lomborg (2002) also argues that the Kyoto Protocol will do very little good for the world and at an astronomical cost. Specifically, the protocol will cost $150 billion to $350 billion annually and all this will only postpone warming for six years in 2100. Such a cost is unjustifiable and the money could be better used solving other problems on earth.
Lomborg (2002) reveals that fears about biodiversity being affected by climate change are unfounded since less than 1% of species are going to be lost within the next 5 decades. In addition to that, more forests are projected to emerge by the end of the century. The level of air pollution is also decreasing and the world’s air is cleaner today than it was 4 centuries ago. The article reveals that as the world’s population becomes richer, they will inevitably start caring for the environment.
The priority should therefore be to develop the world economically and consequently, the environment will benefit. The article concludes by noting that the attempts at discrediting his book are a disservice to the cause of environmentalism. To make a better future, people in the present must be willing to prioritize in the areas where they can do the most good.
Personal Review Schneider presents a strong case against Lomborg’s book and demonstrates that most of Lomborg’s arguments cannot be substantiated. While Lomborg’s use of numerous resources is commendable, his over-reliance on secondary literature and media articles reduces the credibility of the arguments he makes.
The premise advanced by Lomborg that everything will turn out all right is farfetched considering the current global impacts of climate change. The fact that so many credible scholars dispute his work also suggests that his optimistic outlook is not founded on sound scientific research.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Climate Changes by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More I therefore find Schneider’s article justified in scorning the arguments presented by Lomborg concerning the world’s future climate. The claim by Lomborg that focusing on economic growth and development is good for the environment is contrary to the fact that economic growth and development has been the single biggest contributor to climate change in the world.
The responsible scientific community has to take into consideration the benign as well as the catastrophic outcomes of climate changes. The high level of confidence that everything is getting better expressed through Lomborg’s book is therefore irresponsible and misleading to the world which should remain vigilant about the negative impacts of climate changes. Misinformation will result in formulation of poor policies by government officials and this will exacerbate the problems that climate change promises to cause in future.
References Lomborg, B. (2002). The Skeptical Environmentalist Replies. Scientific American, 287(5), 14-15
Mackenzie, F. (2011). Our changing planet: An introduction to earth system science and global environmental change (4th Edition). New York: Prentice Hall.
Schneider, S. (2002). Global warming: neglecting the complexities. Scientific American, 287(1), 2-5.
Apple Lawsuit against Samsung Essay essay help online: essay help online
The value of Apple and Samsung smartphone and tablet market is estimated to be $200 billion. Apple is a dominant player in the smartphone market. However, Samsung has devised strategies which have enabled it acquire a significant share in the Smartphone and tablet market. This state of affairs has made Apple to experience a significant decline in its sales.
This is because Samsung is manufacturing products that have similar features and specifications with Apple’s products. It has incorporated distinct features in mobile phones which have made the company to emerge as the best mobile manufacture in the world.
However, Samsung has found itself on the wrong side of the law after infringing various patents that belong to Apple. Apple made accusations against Samsung when it incorporated the iPad and iPhone technologies in its Smartphones and tablets. Samsung was therefore asked to pay Apple $2.5 billion for infringing its patents. On the other hand, Samsung also sued Apple for infringing on its patents and it asked Apple to pay it $399 million for patent infringement (Fitzsimmons , 2012).
However, after a month of trial, the jury stipulated that Samsung had infringed Apple’s patents and it was supposed to pay $1.05 billion to Apple for the damages caused. This amount was dropped from $2 billion after the jury found inconsistencies in the ruling. The jury also rejected Samsung’s countersuit.
Samsung was found guilty for various types of patent infringement on different products that Apple manufactured. For example, Samsung Epic 4G and Galaxy SIII were the biggest violators. In this case, Samsung was supposed to pay Apple $143 million for damages. Therefore, Samsung was accused of stealing Apple’s designs and technologies which made iPhones and iPads to be successful in the mobile phone industry (Lawler, 2012).
Apple succeeded when the jury ruled that Apple’s patents were valid. However, Samsung thought that it would erode the claims that had been made by Apple. This is because Samsung thought that the jury would argue against stealing unique designs and technologies. The various technology patents that Samsung was accused of stealing include “pinch and zoom,” “bounce-back” and “tap and zoom”. Samsung also violated Apple’s Patents which covered iPhone and iPad designs.
The jury ruled that Samsung knew the consequences of its actions. Samsung’s intentions of duplicating Apple’s designs and technologies were therefore clear. (Fitzsimmons, 2012). However, studies reveal that the manner in which Apple became successful from the ruling will have a crucial impact on the technology industry in future (Lawler, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From the analysis therefore, it is evident that Samsung had violated Apple’s copyrights. As a result, the jury was right by making Samsung to pay for the damages that it caused to Apple. This kind of patent infringement is demoralizing. This is because it can make a company to become less creative for fear of losing its copyrights to competitors. A company that becomes victim to patent infringement can also incur huge losses.
This is because its products would start losing value in the market. Moreover, copyright infringement can affect the attitude of consumers towards the company that infringes another company’s patents. Consumers can therefore decide to refrain from purchasing products from that company. It is therefore important for a company to be creative and find its own designs and technologies that can make it to emerge successful in the market.
References Fitzsimmons , M. (2012). Samsung found guilty of patent infringement, Apple awarded over $1 billion. Web.
Lawler, R. (2012). Apple v. Samsung jury finds Apple’s patents valid, awards it nearly $1.05 billion in damages. Web.
Legal and Ethical Issues in International Business Expository Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction Many companies encounter various issues when they run their business in foreign countries where there are different environments. Some of the issues that they face are ethical and legal. Questions that arise include following the laws of a particular country, e.g. environmental laws, which do not exist in the home country.
Ethical Issues in International Business Each country has different ethics which are influenced by differences in cultures. This is the main reason why most business people find it challenging to start a business in a foreign country. It is therefore important for companies to develop a sense of responsibility when operating their business internationally to avoid conflicts (Litka
World Cultures: Consumers’ Cultural Preferences Essay college essay help near me
Globalization has helped business operators and service providers to reach a wide range of consumers. According to House, Javidah, Hanges, and Dorfman posit, “People are travelling across varied nations freely” (5), and even while in foreign countries, these consumers require goods and services.
To cater for the consumers’ diverse needs, business operators and service providers should have prior knowledge of the cultural preferences of the target consumer groups. Gradually, organizations are transforming their operations to adopt the policy of thinking locally and acting globally.
An organization cannot serve customers effectively if it does not have proper information about its clients’ cultural preferences (House et al. 7). This conclusion can be deduced from the talk given by De Kanter. De Kanter posits that, for Fiesta Mart to satisfy its customers, the organization gathers information about the cultural practices exhibited by people living within its proximity.
Moreover, its employees visit varied restaurants to identify consumer preferences. De Kanter divulges that, despite the outlet focusing on Mexican people; it always ensures that it has products for every individual based on his or her cultural preference.
However, the big task lies in luring the young generation to shop at Fiesta. As evidenced by De Kanter’s talk, despite the diversity in cultural practices, some cultures are somewhat related. Fiesta Mart is gradually introducing global strategies to its various local supermarkets. De Kanter gives the example of the introduction of ‘open market’ concept in Texas.
Fiesta Mart introduced this concept in Texas after realizing that it worked in Central America and Columbia. This shows how organizations are adopting strategies, used by similar organizations in different countries, and using them locally. Communication is vital for organizational success. Hence, besides understanding the cultural practices of the target consumers, it is imperative to learn their languages to facilitate negotiations and marketing.
Edgar Vesgar also illustrates how knowledge in cultural practices of the target consumers may help a business enhance its relationship with consumers. Edger claims that, the success of Memorial Herman Hospital dwells on its ability to consider the cultural values of its target clients.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The hospital is ever in good terms with clients. He gives an example of cultures that give gifts and expect nothing in return. He also warns that such gifts may be detrimental to an organization if not well utilized. From his sentiments, it is clear that, at times, clients give gifts with an aim of gauging the level of transparency in an organization.
How an organization spends money or other gifts, given by clients, portrays its transparency as well as commitment to serving the society (Thorne and Saunders 13). According to Edger, the success of any organization hinges on its ability to serve diverse cultures. No city can claim to be dominated by a single culture; hence, understanding the varied cultures may help an organization enhance its productivity by serving a wider market range.
De Kanter and Edger hail from different countries. Besides, while De Kanter works in a supermarket, Edger works in a hospital. The two organizations work in different lines of specialization. The talks by the two show how organizational processes are influenced by culture. From Edger and De Kanter’s talks, it is clear that all countries are interconnected.
Organizations in different countries are working hard to learn the cultural practices of other nations. This shows how different nations have become assimilated into varied cultural practices. The two speakers show that culture not only influences product development and distribution, but also service delivery. Cultural practices affect all organizations in one way or another.
Works Cited House, Robert, Mansour Javidah, Paul Hanges, and Peter Dorfman. “Understanding cultures and implicit leadership theories across the globe: an introduction to project GLOBE.” Journal of World Business 37.1 (2002): 3-7. Print.
Thorne, Linda, and Susan Saunders. “The socio-cultural embeddedness of individuals’ ethical reasoning in organizations (cross-cultural ethics).” Journal of Business Ethics 35.1 (2002): 1-14. Print.
Free Exercise Clause: Freedom and Equality Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Freedom Exercise Clause With regard to the Free Exercise Clause, stipulating that the government should not limit the religious’ rights of individuals, prisoners’ religious rights should not be restricted either. Such a position also underlines the importance of considering the prohibition imposed on the government to interfere with religious issues. These two basic arguments justify the Court decision uphold prisoners’ religious rights (Johnson, 2005).
However, the concern might arise in case prisoners’ faith can bring in disorder to the institutions to which a person is confined. This is of particular concern to case when religious implies racial separation, Satanism, and a Wiccan witch (Johnson, 2005). The problem, however, could be eliminated as soon as a golden medium is found. Specifically, the government will have to provide all necessary resources and tools for prisoners to uphold of their religious beliefs.
Similar concerns should be raised in case of detainees during the War in Iraq. The prisoners’ religious and human rights were severely abused because of failure to follow the provisions of the First Amendment. Certainly, some of the actions initiated against the Iraqi soldiers were explained by the subjective attitude of the U.S. government and their concerns with terrorist attacks. Even under these circumstances, the policies against prisoners will regard the U.S. actions as discriminative ones.
Once again, prisoners’ religious rights in Iraq should be concerned unless they undermine the security of the Untied States. Due to the fact that the Muslims have a number of rituals and traditions that could threaten the safety of other individuals, the prisoners’ religious rights should be reconsidered in accordance to the Amendments and provisions of the U.S. constitutions. For instance, individuals should adhere to the moral principle and do not interfere with the freedom and rights of other individuals.
Freedom and Equality The Patriot Act focuses on enforcement of laws protecting the U.S. citizens from terrorist attack. Initiated after the events happened in September 11, 2001 and since that time, the government is working on the strengthening security in public places, as well as development of effective databases that would monitor information exchange (U.S. Department of Justice, 2004).
Such an action is justified in terms security of the country because it allows the citizens to adjust to the new dangers and threats of the reality, as well as learn the strategies to reduce the safety risk.
Intelligence officials have applied to advanced technological devices to take greater control of the governmental and public processes. Improvements are necessary to better confront terrorism, but not at the expense of liberties and equalities of the U.S. citizens. This is of particular concern to transparency policies as far as private records of people are concerned.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, excess focus on security and protection against terrorism interferes significantly with the privacy rights of Americans, which also violates their constitutional rights as well. According to research introduced by American Civil Liberties Union (2005), there is much inconsistence in regard to the policies introduced by the Bush administration.
In particular, the law enforcement does not justify interference in privacy issue of innocent Americans. Neither does this law justify the measures taken to prevent terrorism. Therefore, by implementing security measures, specific attention should also be given to previously adopted laws, particularly those that concern liberty and equality of individuals living in the United States. Therefore, the U.S. Constitution should undergo reasonable shifts that would not violate its major principles.
References American Civil Liberties Union. (2005). ACLU Says President’s Patriot Act Push Again Ignores Americans’ Concerns about Privacy, Calls on Congress to Resist Pressure and Protect Innocent Americans. Web.
Johnson, M. A. (2005). Court Upholds Prisoners’ Religious Rights. NBC News. Web.
U.S. Department of Justice. (2004). Report from the Field: The USA PATRIOT Act at Work. Web.
What do individuals want from their leaders? Case Study a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Charismatic and transformational leaders
Employees in any organization want different things from their leaders in the personal and professional capacity. At the personal level, employees want leaders who relate to them. These are leader who are not intimidating, and who are easy to approach. Professionally, employees want leaders that are fair, and who recognize individuals on the basis of their merit.
Hard working employees require recognition so that they remain focused in their work. Leaders who are determined to help individuals reach their full potential and use the right methods enjoy great support.
Charismatic and transformational leaders Charismatic leaders make people follow them, by cultivating an admirable personality. They use charm and grace to inspire their followers. When working, they give every individual attention, and make them feel valuable in the organization. When they address their followers they tend to lift their hearts and spirits and leave them with an excitement which motivates them to achieve set goals. They are able to develop a strong bond with their followers.
Transformational leaders have some charismatic characteristic, but are inspired by change. They can transform an organization from failure to success because they have vision and great passion to succeed. They inject great effort and determination in everything they do. Like charismatic leaders, they tend to give people high level of attention.
The major focus of charismatic leaders is motivation of employees to achieve set goals and achieve full potential. Transformational leaders major focus is changing the organizations they head.
Leadership traits Good leaders understand their followers and the organization they are heading. They have diverse leadership qualities that enable their organizations achieve their goals. Leaders should always be motivated. This will boost their followers to work harder. They will also be self-motivated and stand out as role models which reinforces their image. Many employees trying to match their standards increase their work output.
During problems, good leaders make quick and reliable decisions to save the organization. Employees, who trust their leaders, will focus their energy in developing the organization as they feel secure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Integrity, self-confidence, and good knowledge of the business influences the decisions made by a leader. This is important when circumstances require the re-shuffling of employees. A leader needs to know where each employee will perform best when making the changes.
Case study Dalman and Lei have different leadership qualities that have enabled their company to develop. They both have to use their unique leadership qualities, when they meet Venture Capital Group in New York. Dalman should shoulder the marketing needs of the business, as he has the character qualities required. Lei should handle the financial matters of the business, as he has the knowledge and qualifications necessary.
Before the meeting, the two leaders should brief each other on their responsibilities to reinforce each other when necessary. They must remain confident and focused on their venture, and should not get distracted by their shortcomings. This is because some leadership qualities and character traits are in-born and cannot be changed easily.
The Elements of the O’Jays’ Success Research Paper best essay help
Table of Contents First Career Steps
The Group’s Success in the 1970s
The O’Jays during the Next Decades
The Peculiarities of the O’Jays’ Music
Many vocalists and bands became popular with the public during the period of the 1960s-1970s, and it is possible to note that they changed the history of music and brought more soul and blues motives to it. The O’Jays is a group which is traditionally discussed as one of the most popular R
Economic impact of the Olympic Games Report essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction Background Olympic Games are among the popular sports events that bring people across the globe together. History indicates that Greece was the first country and the initiator of the games. The games that take place after every four years bring all the member countries together. Approximately 200 countries who have competitive athletes participate in the games (Nola, Sheranne
Architecture as a Career Field Definition Essay cheap essay help
It is almost impossible to count all the professions and various occupations which help people earn money. Professions differ in their nature and the character of the results provided. Architecture is one of the most popular occupations in the sphere of those careers which depend on the successful combination of creativity and developed practical skills in the fields associated with engineering and technology.
Architecture as a career focuses on planning, designing, and building different constructions with references to organizing the space and environment with the help technologies which are necessary in building. An architect as the representative of the profession is a specialist in designing buildings and further controlling the process of their construction.
Architecture is traditionally associated with the process of creating not only usual buildings but also with the famous constructions which are built according to various architectural styles which developed during different historical periods.
That is why, it is possible to state that architecture reflects the main tendencies in the social and cultural development. From this point, architecture as a career field includes the knowledge of the architecture history, modern tendencies and the practical realization of the knowledge in the processes of planning and constructing.
Architecture is based on the innovations and accomplishments in science and technology with references to engineering. However, one of the most important aspects is the creative approach to planning and designing a building. Architecture as a career is often chosen by people who are interested in design and art and who have the strong knowledge of sciences.
Several decades ago the career of an architect was available only for persons from the highest social stages because of the top status of this profession. Nevertheless, the situation has changed and today any person with the basic knowledge in technologies and engineering and with creative thinking can become an architect. Architecture is the prestigious field with high-paid jobs. Architecture as a profession is important for increasing the quality of the people’s life, and it can be discussed from the perspective of its importance for the social life.
The results of architects’ work are houses where people live, public buildings where people gather or work, and those buildings which have the practical meaning for towns and cities. Moreover, the plan of towns and cities is also the result of the work of architects who are responsible for the sector of urban planning and design.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More An architect is a specialist in the field who is qualified to plan and design objects and constructions according to aesthetic and technical norms and principles. The key requirement to practice is the license which supports the architect’s qualification. One the one hand, the profession of an architect can be discussed as creative, and it is correlated with the sphere of art and design where it is necessary to work with different forms, textures, and materials.
On the other hand, the architect’s activity is based on the effective usage of practical and technical knowledge. The profession of an architect as any other career also involves the ethical aspect because architects design and work out their constructions and buildings for people, with the help of people, and according to the people’s desires.
Thus, it is possible to state that the field of architect’s responsibility is large, and it includes the processes of designing, constructing, building, restoration, and urban planning. These activities form the fundament of the architect’s professional practice. Nevertheless, there are a lot of the other activities which should be determined to make the complete picture of an architect’s responsibilities.
Projects can be different according to their significance and in relation to the number of people who are involved in its working out. There can be two persons who are an architect and a client or there can be a group of architects and a company as a client.
The work at the definite project starts with discussing the purpose of a building or a construction, paying attention to the specific characteristics. The next stage is the discussion of the desired elements of a building or a construction. Architects should focus on the desires of clients, their visions and ideas to fully satisfy their expectations.
The architects’ task is to design a construction which could meet the requirements of the technological process and be rather creative. The following client and architects’ discussions are based on the models and drawings developed basing on the previous discussions and proposed by the architects to consult the clients’ vision of the object.
It is important to note that architects should approve their projects and provide the necessary technical documentation for the town or city administration. The processes of planning and designing the building depend on following definite technological principles. Thus, architects must control and coordinate the process of building with paying attention to correct following all the specifications.
We will write a custom Essay on Architecture as a Career Field specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The success of architects’ projects depends on the effective combination of such factors as the function of a building, its safety as a construction according to the engineering norms and standards, and the aesthetic aspect. Architects pay much attention to discussing and thinking over the decorative elements which are used for making a building significant in relation to its aesthetic quality.
Moreover, architects have different styles, and the peculiarities of these styles help distinguish the works of one architect among the others. From this point, an architect functions as a designer and painter and as a constructor and engineer to solve all the issues in planning a building.
To conclude, architects can not only plan projects and control building but also provide advice in relation to the architectural issues. Architects also spend a lot of time solving the tasks which traditionally are not discussed with direct references to architecture.
Thus, architects communicate a lot with clients and the other architects who are organized as groups for working at projects, consultants, and the representatives of administration. It is also their task to estimate the costs of the project and provide the creative and effective ideas in order to win the next tenders.
Yellow Fever’ Causes, Symptoms and Effects Essay essay help: essay help
Yellow fever is an acute viral disease caused by infected mosquitoes found in tropical regions and is usually characterized by such systemic symptoms as hemorrhaging, vomiting and yellowing skin. The yellow fever is common in tropical regions, but it is important to state that it is not the same as malaria despite the fact that the two diseases have similar symptoms.
Because of these similarities, many people think that yellow fever and malaria are the same disease. This essay will highlight the causes, symptoms and effects of yellow fever while trying to explain why yellow fever is not the same as malaria.
The areas of origin of the yellow fever virus are regions of East and Central Africa. The disease was originally referred to as black vomit since the most widespread symptom was vomiting of blood.
The yellow fever disease was first reported in the 15th century, and that is when the world came to discover the fatal nature of it. The mosquito species that spread yellow fever are found in tropical climate and that is why many victims of this disease are from South America and Africa. Yellow fever is a viral disease and therefore its rate of infection is always very high compared to malaria.
The contagious nature of yellow fever made the authorities in affected areas put quarantine in place to stop further spread of the disease. The number of deaths associated with yellow fever has been brought under control by concerted efforts put in place by medical researchers who have developed various medications and vaccines. The yellow fever virus enters the host’s cells and replicates itself in form of a viral genome which later matures into an infectious virion that makes a person experience some initial symptoms.
The yellow fever virus is of the Flaviviridae family found mostly in female mosquitoes. These mosquito species act as a vector for the yellow fever virus which is transmitted to the victim through a byte. The incubation period of yellow fever is between three to six days.
The yellow fever disease has three stages which are different from each other because of the varying symptoms. The initial stage is known as the infection stage and is associated with symptoms such as vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, headache and sudden fever. These symptoms tend to disappear after three or four days.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second stage is known as the remission stage, as all the symptoms disappear. Victims of yellow fever can recover during the second stage or the situation can get worse if the initial symptoms go beyond the first day. The third and final stage of yellow fever is referred to as the intoxication stage. At this stage, the disease starts affecting body organs. The heart, liver, and kidney are the most affected organs. Severe symptoms such as delirium, seizures and bleeding disorders are normally experienced at this stage.
There are many symptoms of the yellow fever and most of them lead to severe complications. It is advisable to seek medical attention during the infection stage to avoid severe complications experienced at the intoxication stage. Some of the severe symptoms are blood vomiting, kidney and heart failure, yellow skin, liver failure and coma. It is important to note that yellow fever is an acute disease which effects should not be underestimated.
The severe symptoms associated with yellow fever have adverse effects on the ill person’s body. To begin with, symptoms, such as fever and vomiting, lead to dehydration and the situation worsens when person starts vomiting blood. During the final stage of yellow fever, vital body organs such as heart, kidney and liver may fail to function which leads to death. The treatment of heart and kidney conditions is very expensive and can therefore make the victim struggle economically.
Yellow fever has caused economic hardship and misery to those victims who are unable to afford medication. Yellow fever is a widespread disease in the third world countries because the funds meant for development projects are diverted to yellow fever treatment and prevention. The fatality rate of yellow fever is very high compared to malaria because malaria is not contagious.
The severity of yellow fever has made governments spend a lot on preventing the spread of the disease. The fact that yellow fever is a contagious disease makes its treatment even more expensive. Yellow fever has many direct and indirect effects on the lives of victims and it is therefore very important to initiate appropriate actions aimed at eradicating this disease.
In order to effectively deal with yellow fever, proper diagnosis should be done using the right methods to avoid misdiagnosis and misunderstanding. Misdiagnosis of yellow fever is a fatal error because the disease is contagious and can end up taking more lives that could have been saved through proper diagnosis of a suspected case.
Regional outbreaks of yellow fever can occur in a result of mild symptoms associated with the disease and it is therefore vital to treat suspected cases immediately. It takes six to ten days to confirm if a person has been infected with yellow fever or not. It necessary for doctors to conduct a direct clinical diagnosis that involves isolating the virus that causes yellow fever.
We will write a custom Essay on Yellow Fever’ Causes, Symptoms and Effects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Indirect methods of diagnosing yellow fever are not very reliable since the yellow fever virus cross-reacts with other viruses. In order to differentiate the yellow fever virus from other viruses, special diagnosis is normally carried out. The majority of yellow fever cases are diagnosed by conducting a postmortem on a victim’s body.
Since yellow fever was first discovered, medical experts have come up with various forms of treatment. Vaccination is one of the main measures developed in order to prevent the spread of the disease. It has become compulsory in some regions which is a clear indication that some authorities take the disease seriously. Conventional methods of eliminating mosquitoes are also applied in order to deal with the yellow fever vector.
Housing problems in Saudi Arabia: Challenges facing sustainable housing in the region Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Challenges of rapid growth
Challenges of privacy
Introduction Several sectors such as the government, public, and the housing industry may offer strong support to enable Saudi Arabia achieve sustainable housing and elevate itself into the next generation of living in terms of housing. However, currently public support is not strong enough, which may be caused by factors like poor understanding of the language and deficiencies in public awareness.
Archibuigi stated that the “sustainability or sustainable design is simply a rephrasing of some of the forgotten values of traditional architecture and urbanism” (177). This paper aims to scrutinize the levels of public awareness of sustainable housing in the region of Saudi Arabia. The paper also aims to proffer some of the solutions to these challenges that are faced by the populace. While addressing the plight of the people of Saudi Arabia, the idea of sustainability is set to go a long way in enhancing their lives.
In as much as the infrastructure will be enhanced by the adoption of sustainability, the actual process of endearing the concept to the people starting from the people right up to the governing body may encounter a few obstacles, which may slow down the process. Only when the idea is fully accepted will the country realize the full impact the sustainability has on its economy.
Many developing nations such as Saudi Arabia have recently experienced a quickened rate of urbanization, making the opening of the theory of sustainability an inevitability since there are hardly any resources (Smith 198).
There is quite a big number of sustainable methods that can be used such as passive solar design, ventilation, and natural light as well as the complete use of the design of the site. Many reports have been written by hundreds of researchers in a bid to understand the realization of the prospective of sustainable housing in Saudi Arabia.
However, most people interviewed during the studies, more than a half of the total number of interviewees had a total lack of understanding of sustainable housing. The studies came up with the recommendations that people of Saudi Arabia ought to be educated on the advantages of sustainable achievement compared to their existing infrastructure as well as the new ones in terms of housing. The best forum for educating people, according to most researchers, is the local media, which most of the people have easy access to.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the most rapidly developing nations in the region of the Arabian Gulf. The last two decades have seen it expand quickly, and the estimated number of people living in the region is around 25 million (United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Global Land Tool Network 27).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With land space of around two million square kilometers, Saudi Arabia covers quite a vast area (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development 131). The number of houses owned by people in the region is about 1.5 million and the number of houses that have been leased is around the same figure of 1.5 million (United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Global Land Tool Network 27).
Several reports from UNICEF among other human rights organizations indicate that almost 82 percent of the population is urbanized. With such a high rate of urbanization in the country, it is not surprising to find out that there are severe challenges that the region is grappling with. One of the main challenges that comes with the rate of urbanization is the cost of living at the present time.
Although, like in many other places, the main challenge that the people in Saudi Arabia may encounter is the costs of living, which encompasses the costs of construction, as well as the cost of maintaining the living standards, Saudi Arabia faces a number of other challenges that may not be common for other regions around the world. They may be considered unique, since the conditions are found in this region.
Climatic challenges The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia endures climatic changes, which bring about diverse environmental challenges to the people who reside in the country. With harsh climatic conditions that comprise desert conditions and excessive temperature disparities, which vary from 51.1 °C to -11°C, the climatic conditions in Saudi Arabia pose a serious challenge to housing and development that is hardly found elsewhere (Girard 365).
Apart from this, the problem associated with water is also one of the main challenges that the country faces. Hutchins proved “many Arab countries are reliant on non-renewable groundwater supplies to augment their scarce water supply in order to respond to growing demand” (219).
Challenges of rapid growth Laws and rules that govern the idea of sustainability ought to be enacted through various departments in the government and the same bodies of the government must implement the ideas. This is more so in countries that are developing just like Saudi Arabia, and that are going through a high rate of growth as well as ratio of factors like urbanization.
However, economics is not the only issue at hand in Saudi Arabia as well as in many other developing nations (Roseland 210). The rate at which the limited resources are disappearing is a key factor that must not be overlooked. The full implementation of solar deigns and natural light as well as ventilation and site design will go a long way in achieving sustainable housing.
We will write a custom Essay on Housing problems in Saudi Arabia: Challenges facing sustainable housing in the region specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Challenges of privacy Most people in Saudi Arabia face the greatest challenge of violation of their privacy. This is especially common in the city of Riyadh. With the lack of properly structured building codes, it is common in Riyadh to find people who have put up a high rise building in the area where there are low-rise homes of a private nature.
The laws do not prohibit this making it difficult for the developers of low-rise homes to work efficiently. The challenge of privacy plays a major role in the issue of sustainability since in the past there was hardly any sort of unwanted invasion of privacy as opposed to the present days.
Together with the fact that there are strict regulations in terms of religious inclinations, this would be one of the greatest challenges. Due to the fact that the city is so cosmopolitan, it will be quite typical to find people from different religious faiths living in either the high-rise or the low-rise buildings that may be situated next to each other.
This may lead to one or another feeling uncomfortable with the other peering over their fences while they carry out any sort of acts that can be required of them by their religion. Pinderhughes states, “The proximity of multiple-story complexes to these homes creates social and religious conflicts of privacy widely practiced in the MENA” (243).
The issue reverts to the age-old problem of security with the invasion of people’s privacy. Pinderhughes argues this point and states, “While many of residents of Riyadh enjoyed the living styles of detached single family dwellings, many of the foreign workers would rather live in densely-populated apartment complexes” (243).
Application The actual use of sustainability to a construction site is a complicated issue apart from using sustainable materials to put up the building. For example, using an environment friendly piece of glass on the roof of an Arabian house where the high temperatures go up to 51ºC is not sustainable (Smith 32).
A number of inventive ideas that may support the concept of sustainable housing, although the citizens of Saudi Arabia have not yet embraced them Archibuigi stated, “Sustainability or sustainable design is simply a rephrasing of some of the forgotten values of traditional architecture and urbanism” (177). Most people are awed by its modernism as well as the general idea that it will be quite costly for them to act as prohibitions for people to embrace the ideas.
However, among most of the housing business experts in Saudi Arabia, understanding of this new theory on sustainable housing and economical improvement is on the rise. A fundamental side in the sustainability outline is the associations among the local governments, schemers and the residency part taking in the decisive arrangement and accomplishment phases (Perlman 114).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Housing problems in Saudi Arabia: Challenges facing sustainable housing in the region by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is significant to look into how inhabitants in the expanse look upon sustainability and their enthusiasm to partake in putting into operation the model so that they can know how to have an appropriate control of the segments that are involved into implementing the theory (Perlman 114).
The rate at which the country has evolved in the last century is one of the key factors that may determine the success of sustainability. This is a major challenge, since almost 80 years ago people were living in tents, and they are now expected to switch to high gear and adapt to the modern ways of living at the speed at which it is evolving.
Achieving sustainability The stakeholders as well as the governments of the developing countries may work in collaboration to ensure that sustainability is achieved in terms of modern housing. Some crucial Saudi developers are checking out sustainable building as a main option, and with ever-increasing political awareness; it will only be an issue of time before green guiding principle becomes compulsory (Girardet 142).
The building industry grumbles about the deficiency of resources to empower the hi-tech transformations requisite for the sustainable application, and that their profits will be reduced (Smith 198). According to De Roo, “a report published by the US Green Buildings Council, a green building on an average saves 70 per cent of electricity, 50 to 60 per cent of water and 36 per cent of energy” (319).
This argument lays the foundation for people in different sectors such as the government, stakeholders, investors, homeowners, and developers in the business of housing to consider actual application of the idea and techniques of sustainability in order to lower the running costs of a building. Some suggestions have been brought forth in a bid to embrace sustainable construction in the city. Some of them include the suggestions to:
Take on a framework for regulation of the sustainable construction projects
Lead the way forward as an example for the rest
Offer funds for training personnel and educating them on the idea of sustainability
Increase the levels of awareness among the political landscape as well as the government officials
Create a government advisor stakeholder council
Embrace all the new niches that are being created by sustainability in terms of the services that are offered as well as the tools and materials that are available
Create markets for the innovative idea of sustainable construction
Many forums can be used to introduce the public as well as all the other stakeholders in the industry to the idea of sustainability. These forums can utilize different methods to raise awareness among the public and encourage commitment to protection of several aspects that are influenced by any sort of construction.
Roseland states governments are the ones to “initiate changes with the development of a legal framework to encourage the application of appropriate standards and procedures. It is known that unless pressured, the construction industry will not introduce the required adjustments” (297). An explanation is to revolutionize the mode of predation of private sector experts and the community as well.
They need to become conscious of the gains and benefits of a built environment, which is safe to both the natural world and to the inhabitants (Roseland 297). Roseland further says, “In most countries, there are financial incentives to retrofitting or building using ‘green’ principles that business owners should take advantage of or soon legislation will force the issue” (297). Most developing nations are yet to embrace the ideas and thus the intervention of a foreign government.
They are yet to take into consideration the scale of the issues that are at hand. The consequences of metropolitan expansion in the third world nations give an idea about sustainable building and sustainable expansion that are not the main concern so far (Nelson 19). Nelson further states “This is a concept managed by professionals in certain fields and only recently have governments begun to pay attention to it, due more to international pressure than to internal conviction” (19).
The differences in the architectural designs and materials go a long way in showing the advantages of embracing the idea of sustainable houses. The idea of sustainability in traditional houses was achieved much more effectually than it is in modern times. The ability of the people to cool the temperatures using mud as insulation is just an example of the notion of sustainability being put to good use back in the day. Natural light was also trapped in ways that are more effective.
Solutions Among the most crucial parts of construction when using the concept of sustainability is the site design as well as the layout. With majority of the construction sites starting with leveling of the ground in order to commence work of putting up the structures that they intend to, sustainability calls for more integration of the construction with the existing landscape as much as possible rather than changing the land.
The building is supposed to blend in with the already existing undulations and incorporate all the environmental features that can be maintained. The most environmentally steady improvement is one that perturbs as diminutive of the accessible site as it possibly can (Smith 198). One of the most effective ways of achieving this is by using daylight as a method of sustainable integration in any of the buildings that are being constructed. This is done by using a combination of electricity and natural light in the same place.
Particularly, this can be achieved by using the natural light during the day as much as possible, and using electricity only when it gets dark. Burton indicated, “Day lighting design is the use of good design sense, not the application of technology. It is the pattern of light in the sky told as a story in the building’s form and details” (281).
Solar energy is one of the most effective sources of renewable energy and a good way to diminish the consumption of non-renewable energy. Burton further explains, “The basic idea of passive solar design is to allow daylight, heat, and airflow into a building only when beneficial” (281). Burton explains, “The objectives are to control the entrance of sunlight and air flows into the building at appropriate times and to store and distribute the heat and cool air so it is available when needed” (281).
Conclusion With one of the highest construction rates in the world, and being a developing country, Saudi Arabia is one of the easiest places where the idea of sustainability can be implemented. This is compounded by the fact that the country is still going under thorough construction in many regions. It may be important to note the use of locally found materials as well as the knowledge used in construction, and this must be taken into consideration.
In order to attain success in projects that incorporate sustainability in the construction that is carried out in Saudi Arabia, the use of natural resources that are available in the region such as solar energy is imperative. The success of these projects revolves around the proper implementation of these sustainable features. The costs of construction ought to be checked so that they do not discourage the locals from indulging in the exercise of construction of buildings.
It is vital for all the localized bodies that deal with engineering as well as the government to work together in order to control and ensure the proper application of sustainability in the country. Another important aspect is the understanding as well as the awareness of the community members about the implementation of the entire concept of sustainability.
Without this, the other bodies used in implementation will actually be helpless. One of the main things that is highly recommended is the enhanced research of public awareness, which needs to be carried out in order to be able to use sustainability in a perspective where most of the people who are involved are the ones renting the premises rather than the owners.
Once they are fully aware of the benefits of sustainability, the owners will have no option but to adopt the concept of sustainability. Sustainability is one of the greatest concepts that ought to be embraced by all developing nations in a bid to ensure that globalization does not overrun their economies, thus rendering them incapable of offering competitiveness in terms of trade and commerce among many other things.
Works Cited Nelson, Anitra. Steering Sustainability in an Urbanizing World: Policy, Practice, and Performance. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2007. Print.
Archibuigi, Franco. The Ecological City and the City Effect: Essays on the Urban Planning Requirements for the Sustainable City. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 1997. Print.
Burton, Hugh. Sustainable Communities: The Potential for Eco-Neighbourhoods. Oxford: Earthscan, 2000. Print.
De Roo, Gert. Integrating City Planning And Environmental Improvement: Practicable Strategies For Sustainable Urban Development. Bristol: Alastair Sawday Publishing Company Limited, 2009. Print.
Girard, Luigi Fusco. The Human Sustainable City: Challenges and Perspectives from the Habitat Agenda. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 2003. Print.
Girardet, Herbert. Cities, People, Planet: Urban Development and Climate Change. Hoboken: John Wiley
Bridalplasty Television Show Essay best essay help
Reality television shows that were developed immediately after the advent of the concept did not elicit much controversy since they had a clean image. Their history started with contests and simple dating shows (Coontz 378). Such shows are still popular in the United States. However, the nature of modern bridal television shows has changed a lot. Most of them are defined by women who dress in unconventional manner.
Among the most common reality shows that have featured on television include American Idol, Top Chef, The Real Housewives and Miami Ink. In most of these shows, sexuality features prominently as individuals compete for lovers. As a result, the shows usually attract many viewers. This essay will provide an analysis of a bridal television show known as Bridalplasty. It is important to provide an analysis for this bridal television show because it arguably portrays the rot in the American culture.
Bridalplasty is a reality television show where women with intentions of getting married compete for an ultimate makeover. Apart from focusing on makeup and hair, the show awards the ultimate winner a total makeover. This is done through plastic surgery for the whole body.
The women who compete in the show usually list their surgery wishes. The dream of some of them is to undergo more than fifteen surgeries by the end of the show. They continue to compete until the winner who undergoes one surgery from her wish list is identified. After this, the ultimate winner gets all her surgery wishes granted. In addition, she gets a fully paid celebrity-style wedding. This is what all the women in the show look for and such a woman becomes the happiest of them all.
Bridalplasty is based on the principle that the bridegrooms of the women in the show value the physical appearance of their women. This prompts the women to attempt all possible methods to appear physically perfect. They strongly believe that physical perfection is something that can give them the happiness they desire in life. This is emphasized in the initial episode of the television show where the importance of physical perfection is mentioned more than ten times (Coontz 383).
An analysis of the content of the show brings out one important fact, that all the women who compete for the ultimate prize highly value their physical looks. The show also revolves around a wedding thus love features prominently throughout its episodes. However, the women express other values which highlight the importance they attach to flat tummies, big breasts, being slim and perfect noses.
These are the conversations that take place in the first episode where about sixty percent of them revolve around the mentioned subjects. There are also conversations about their husbands, fame and informal subjects like the nature of houses they would like to have during the period of the show.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is surprising to note that the most prominent topic throughout their discussions is criticism against other people. It is often said that one of the reasons why people criticize others is because they feel insecure. It is evident that the women who compete on Bridalplasty show are highly insecure.
The information that the show passes to the entire American population is of great concern. It is therefore important to know whether it has any negative effect on the viewers. On the basis of Cultivation Theory by George Gerbner, it is obvious that it affects the viewers negatively (Hekker 414).
The theory assumes that television is a powerful tool that influences the way human beings perceive reality and their surroundings. It changes their attitudes and certain thinking patterns. On the basis of this assumption, the effects brought about by the number of hours people watch television vary from one individual to the other.
As a result, Gerbner went ahead and classified people into three groups. The first group is comprised of light viewers, the second one moderate viewers while the third group is made up of heavy viewers. He also pointed out that people tend to believe television messages when such messages show association with certain situations or events in their lives. The messages become part of their lives and they treat them as normal occurrences.
The Americans should be concerned about Bridalplasty television show because it has the potential to affect them and their culture negatively. The show mainly focuses on physical perfection. This makes the contestants ready to do anything in order to achieve it. According to them, physical perfection is the only source of happiness in life. It is true that they expose themselves to many risks as they look for perfection.
However, this fact is never taken seriously or even highlighted. The show tries to inform them that physical beauty is what defines women and any woman who lacks beauty cannot be happy. It also passes a strong message that, it is not good enough for women to remain the way they were created regardless of whether there are men who wish to live with them (Cherlin 424).
The most critical concern about the show is the consequences it might have on children, teens, and young adults since their attitudes about reality and life are not fully developed. Researchers have identified that when female students frequently watch idealized images, they develop body comparison habits that make them dissatisfied with their bodies.
We will write a custom Essay on Bridalplasty Television Show specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They have also conducted research in a bid to understand the effect of reality television shows like Bridalplasty on young women. The results have revealed that there is a close link between the number of people who watch plastic surgery shows, their real life resemblance, and their influence on the decisions to look for consultation that patients make.
The results conform to the findings of Gerbner in his Cultivation Theory. Although Bridalplasty show earns plastic surgeons a lot of money, it makes young women and men desire to achieve unrealistic physical standards. The show clearly portrays the problem with the American culture, something that the Americans should be concerned about.
Works Cited Cherlin, Andrew J. “American Marriage in Transition.” Writing and Reading across the Curriculum. Ed. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. 11th ed. Boston: Longman-Pearson, 2011. 424-29. Print.
Coontz, Stephanie. “The radical idea of marrying for love.” Writing and reading across the Curriculum. Ed. Laurence and Leonard J. Rosen. 11th ed. Boston: Longman, 2011. 378-88. Print.
Hekker, Martin T. (2011a). “Paradise lost (domestic division).” Writing and reading across the curriculum. Ed. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. 11th ed. Boston: Longman, 2011a. 414-15. Print.
Five Major Themes of the Qur’an Critical Essay essay help free: essay help free
Introduction The holy Quran is the basis of Islam. The divine revelation contained in the Quran helps Muslims to understand Islamic teachings. As a result, Islam cannot be understood without first having understood the basics of the Holy Quran. For one to fully understand the Quran and its teaching, he or she has to go beyond the five pillars and realize the divine intellect contained in the Quran.
The objective of the essay is to explore the five major themes contained in the Quran. This will be achieved through an exploration of different Quran Suras and verses. The five themes have been derived from the Sura of Mary, the Sura of the Prophets and the Sura of Counsel. The significant issues of the Holy Quran are God, prophets, man, divine scriptures, and sin.
The first major theme of the Quran is God, also referred to as Allah (Madigan 82). According to the teachings of The Quran, there is no other God other than Allah, the mighty and the highest (Madigan 80). God in the Quran has been regarded as compassionate and merciful to humankind.
God is merciful to man, and as such, man has the obligation of serving God. As noted in The Quran, God is “the mighty, the wise, inspire thee and those before thee “(42:1). The implication is that God is wise, mighty and inspires man through His creation. Also, He is the highest in addition to being above what is found on the earth and in heaven. Moreover, God watches over those who stand beside Him.
He is kind and compassionate. He forgives man from his sins. This observation is supported by the Sura of Counsel as contained in The Quran which states that “God is kind to His servants; He provides whom He will, and He is the mighty, the glorious” (The Quran 42:18). God created both heaven and others, and as a result, he is above all his creations. God also created day and night and gave man the power and will to differentiate good from evil (The Quran 21: 34).
The second theme of the pillar is God has given that man free will and choice. The presence of God in man’s life gives it meaning, both personally and collectively. A man was created by God, who has endowed him with free choice. According to The Quran, God watches over man and forgives man from his sins (The Quran 42:3). The Quran teachings go ahead to explain that God “answers the prayer of those who believe and do right, and gives them increase of His grace; but the misbelievers, – for them is keen torment” (The Quran 42: 25).
This implies that the man who believes in God does the right thing and prays to God. In turn, God answers the prayers of such a man. Also, God shares his blessings with such a man. However, a nonbeliever faces the wrath of God for his sins. This is because man has been given the free will, choice, and the ability to differentiate good from evil.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, God’s mercy on man is shown through Zachariah who was given a child at old age and with his barren wife (The Koran 19:1). Therefore, whereas God remembers man all the time, on the other hand, a man remembers God only when he is in need. A man who believes in God and lives by his teaching and remains a loyal servant like Zachariah is endowed with God’s grace.
The third theme of the Quran is the prophets. Based on the teachings of the Holy Quran, God speaks to the man through the Holy Scriptures as envisioned by early prophets like Muhammad. The prophets reside besides God, and they are found on earth and in heaven (The Quran 21:22). An excellent example of the prophets is Muhammad. Another proclaimed prophet was Abraham (The Quran 19:42), the father of all nations and humankind.
Others include Moses, Ismail, Idris, and Aaron, among others. According to the Holy Quran, Mary was able to conceive by receiving a breath from the prophets, “And she (Mary) who guarded her private parts, and we breathed into her of our Spirit, and we made her and her son a sign unto the worlds” (The Quran 21:19). This means that Mary was able to give birth to a son through the power of the prophets who breathed their holy spirit on her. Prophets have lifted so many people, according to the Holy Quran.
At the end of times, prophets will drag men and devils around hell, and they shall be answerable to God on judgment day (The Quran 19:70). The presence of prophets is shown through a messenger to Mary. The divine scriptures state that “I am only a messenger of thy Lord to bestow on thee a pure boy” (The Koran 19:19). This implies Mary bore a child through the will of God and this was communicated through a prophet.
The fourth pillar of the Quran is sin or evil. God gave man free will and the choice to differentiate evil from good. Because of their sin, men will be dragged in hell and brought on their knees (19:70). The Holy Quran speaks of the theme of evil (sin) which is personified by Iblis or Satan (Madigan 82).
Satan disobeyed God, and since then he has remained the most significant rival to man. Besides, Satan is always encouraging man to disobey God. Wickedness is drawn from Satan’s strength which compels a man to sin. However, because God is merciful, he forgives and pardons the sins committed by man (The Quran 42:24). According to the teaching from the Holy Quran, God pardons those who have sinned against him and rewards those who do well.
The Quran warns the man to be on guard of the Iblis since he is always on the trail of the man. The prophets reside on earth to protect man and save the believers from the evil and evildoers (21:87-88). As a result, man is kept away from sin.
We will write a custom Essay on Five Major Themes of the Qur’an specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The fifth and last theme of the Quran is divine scriptures. The Quran contains sacred scriptures which were revealed to Prophet Muhammad through God (Allah). The religious scriptures assist man in keeping close to God and preventing him from sinning. The divine scriptures act as a guide to man, thereby aiding him to operate following the will of God. God’s mercy and the work of the prophets are proclaimed through divine scriptures.
The Quran state that, “God it is who has sent down the Book with truth and the balance” (The Quran 42:16). In this context, the “Book” is used to refer to the Holy Quran which contains the divine scriptures as revealed to Muhammad by Allah. The sacred scriptures act as a guide to man through God’s power.
The word “Book” which contains the divine scriptures is mentioned severally. For instance, it appears in Sura 19, verse 16, 42, 52, and 57. Therefore, the holy scriptures as depicted in the Quran, talk about God, Man, His relations with man, and the relationship that man has with nature. It is through the divine scripture that man is kept away from sin.
Conclusion To sum it up, the Holy Quran acts as the basis of Islam, and its teachings are pivotal in understanding Islam. Based on the essay, it can be concluded that the major themes of the Holy Quran are God, prophets, man, divine scriptures, and sin. God is merciful, forgiving and is above all what is on earth and in heaven. Man is guided by the sacred scriptures which were a revelation of Prophet Muhammad. Through divine scriptures, God can protect man from sin.
Evil originates from Iblis (Satan) who is always trying to deceive man to disobey God. God pardons the man who believes in Him and does according to His will. Prophets, as depicted in the Quran, reside with God both in heaven and on earth, and they will gather all men and bring them before hell. Man will have to kneel before hell as God passes judgment. Rewards shall be accorded to men who walk in the path of God.
Works Cited Madigan, Daniel. The Cambridge Companion to the Quran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
The Koran. Sura 42: Counsel. n.d. Web.
The Quran. Oxford World’s Classics. Trans. M. A. S. Abdel Haleem. Oxford, Mass: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
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Religious studies and theology- Major themes in Quran Critical Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Background
The theme of God
The themes of Jihad and Mercy
The theme of Justice
The theme of tolerance
The themes of love and faith
Background The Islamic religious text has been widely regarded by scholars as one of the finest literatures written in Arabic language. The verses of the Quran comprise of 114 Suras and have been classified as either Medinan or Meccan. McAuliffe points out that the Quran is believed to have been inspired to Muhammad by angel Gabriel in 609 CE (76). This religious text is made up of central themes such as Jihad, the Bible, love and tolerance. This paper explores the major themes within the Quran.
The theme of God The Quran is an important and divine book that covers extensively the attributes and nature of God. It talks about God as the shaper, maker and creator of everything that is in existence. In particular, the Sura of prophets claims that “And of His signs are the ships that sail like mountains in the sea.
If He will, He calms the wind, and they become motionless on the back thereof: verily, in that are signs to every patient, grateful person” (Q 42:39-24). This is one of the scriptures which indicate that God is in control of the events happening in the Universe.
The themes of Jihad and Mercy The Sura of counsel 42:39 strongly brings out the theme of Jihad within the Quran. Jihad is regarded as a religious duty of the Muslims. It can be well defined as a struggle in the way of God. According to Sunni scholars, Jihad is a major sixth pillar of Islam and has been regarded as an important religious duty.
The verse asserts that “and who, when an injury is done them, avenge themselves” (Q 42:39). The latter strongly reflects the idea that the religion permits the use of force to defend spiritual ideals or religious beliefs. While this has been misinterpreted by many as a move that encourages acts of conflicts, it is worth mentioning that the main aim of Jihad was to repel evil and advance Islam.
Besides, the sura of Mary strongly brings out the theme of mercy when it talks about the mercy of God and how he expects Muslims to show mercy. In Sura 19:58, the Quran explains how the prophets of God worshiped him when they heard of his mercies at the time of Noah. In Sura 19:96, it says “but the Lord of Mercy will give love to those who believe and do righteous deeds” (Q 19:96).
This is central in bringing out the nature of God and how merciful He is. McAuliffe indicates that the verse is reflective of the various struggles that Muslims face and which they are commanded to overcome at all costs (80). By asking the assaulted to avenge himself/herself, the Quran does not disapprove the need for mercy, but encourages a Muslim believer to struggle and hold onto the Islamic faith, strive to create a better Islamic society and use force where necessary to defend Islam.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The theme of Justice The portion of the verse that says “and who, when an injury is done them, avenge themselves” (Q 42:39) explains the need to protect the religion which has been regarded by non-Muslims as a major threat. The main aim of Jihad is the establishment of a strong Islamic religion through conversion of other religions, a consideration that is largely modeled by the previous Islamic revolutions (McAuliffe 74). However, the fact that Muslims believe God to be the judge points out to the theme of justice which is given by God.
Another perspective of the theme of Jihad is that the Sura of counsel (42) is a tool that guides believers into personal inner struggles that do not involve the use of violence. A good example of violence is the rising cases of suicide bombing that reflects Muslims’ use of any means that aim at hurting the enemy. In the Middle East, a religious faction such as Hezbollah is strongly against the existence of Israel which it considers was established illegitimately on Palestinian land.
Due to the current tremendous developments in technology especially in nuclear weapons, the determination held by believers of the Sura of Counsel (42) remains as one of the greatest threats to the Jewish state of Israel. Agreeably, Jihad is divided into Jihad against liars and heretics, Jihad against unbelievers and hypocrites, Jihad against Satan, and Jihad against the soul. Those Islamic extremists engaging in terrorism practice a lesser Jihad and not a greater one that encompasses fight against desires.
The theme of tolerance While there is no particular unequivocal commandment in the Quran that states ‘thou shall be intolerant to others’, it is without doubt that religious tolerance on values, truth and beliefs are yet to be realized. This is due to the fact that different religions have developed some nature of competition.
Studies indicate that the capacity a religion has to live alongside practices and beliefs of another religion has been massively affected by competition, religious condemnations and conflicts. In the Quran, the theme of religious tolerance is an important component that encompasses a moral reason by the Muslims to practice restraint from making interferences, counterproductive or useless, with the affairs of other religions.
The Sura of Mary (19) and the Sura of counsel (42) strongly bring out the theme of religious tolerance. In Sura 42:11, Quran notes that the “initiator of the heavens and the earth. He created for you from among yourselves spouses-and also for the animals. He thus provides you with the means to multiply.
There is nothing that equals Him. He is the Hearer, the Seer (Sura 42:11).
We will write a custom Essay on Religious studies and theology- Major themes in Quran specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this verse, the nature of God has been brought as one who is transcendent above all and who demands all people to treat each other as spouses, brothers and sisters.
This verse points out that people are equal before God regardless of their race or religion. The ability of adherents from different religions in society today to practice religious tolerance in the limelight of their diversity is a key platform towards greater cooperation.
It aids in bringing about a holistic contribution by all people and eventual growth and development of society. Minimizing religious conflicts as reflected earlier from contributions by Sunni and Ahmadiyya scholars has been considered by the Quran as the main principle that can facilitate a new outline towards a highly united society at the local and national level.
The theme of tolerance as reflected in the aforementioned Suras in the Quran indicates that addressing problems affecting religious tolerance requires a holistic approach from all levels. One such difference as already indicated in the paper is the practice by Christians to forcefully convert Muslims.
The themes of love and faith The Quran just as the Christian Bible has used the word love and faith countless number of times to reflect how societies should co-exist. The book of 1John 4:7-21 offers penetrating discourses of the theme of love and dimly reflects the love in Quran. In the latter, Allahu Akbar is the Allahu muhibba-the God of love.
The Quran uses the word love 69 times and speaks of human love, God’s love, and negative love among others. This is reflective of the love of God to man. It is also worth to mention that another scripture from the Sura of Mary notes that “On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, Allah will bestow love” (Sura 19:96).
To sum up, the discussions in this paper are based on the notion that the Quran bears very significant and fundamental themes that guide and control human behavior and relationship towards others and God. As reflected in the paper, the themes of Jihad, love and tolerance define how societies should co-exist.
While many critics have claimed that the theme of Jihad best explains the unending terror acts by Muslims, one cannot fail to see the need for mercy as brought out by the Quran, a call that Muslims have been able to heed to and thus maintained and established their religion amidst greater resistance.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Religious studies and theology- Major themes in Quran by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This does not support acts of terror, rather it calls for greater harmony, tolerance, respect and the adoption of better behaviors that encourages development and progress within the society. Moreover, religious differences have been known to trigger lack of religious tolerance since each religion seems to idealize its practice and regard others as inferior.
Works Cited McAuliffe, Jane. The Cambridge companion of the Quran. Cambidge, UK: Cambridge University Press 2006. Print.