Table of Contents Introduction
Similarity in Being Drunk and Being Old
Opinion of the Elderly
Introduction As individuals get progressively older their mental capacities, response times, and physical abilities tend to deteriorate yet despite such limitations people aged 60 and above still continue to drive on America’s roads and highways (Cobb, 411).
Based on data from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, a total of 3,981 individuals age 70 and above died as a direct result of motor vehicle crashes in 2009, this number does not include other drivers and pedestrians affected by the subsequent loss of vehicular control and as such the total number of fatalities as a direct result of such incidences could potentially be double the current number given by the IIHS.
Various studies examining the impact of older drivers on America’s roads today state that as America’s baby boomer generation gets progressively older the amount of individuals aged 70 above on America’s roads has escalated dramatically (Reisman, 356 – 357).
Unfortunately, as shown by data from the IIHS, this has resulted in an actual increase in the number of car accidents in which the elderly have been involved.
What must be understood is that driving a motor vehicle requires a certain degree of spatial awareness, responsiveness and the ability to accurately and succinctly gauge the speed and distance of the car that is being driven relative to other vehicles on the road (Reisman, 356 – 357) (Fox and Fama, 31).
When an individual lacks the ability to express such aspects of regular driving behavior the potential for accidents to occur increases exponentially as the overall lack of spatial awareness, speed and distance results in a driver often misinterpreting the relative distance of their vehicle from either another car, obstacle or exit point which usually results in an accident occurring.
Studies examining elderly drivers all unanimously conclude that physical deterioration in the form of vision problems, depleted mental acuity, and a lack of physical responsiveness result in a reduced capacity to drive properly (Ratner, 23).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They go on further to state that since physical deterioration becomes progressive over the time the same can be said for their ability to drive (McKinnell, 67). In other words as individuals get older their ability to mentally and physically embody the necessary behaviors needed to drive safely diminish up to a point that not only do they become a danger to the themselves but to other drivers and pedestrians as well (Ratner, 23).
It must be noted though that surveys examining drivers aged 55 and above show that when the respondents were questioned as to their ability to drive nearly all of them stated that they drove “rather well” or had “no problems” on the road when driving (McLeod et al., 613 – 618).
When comparing the survey results to accumulated scientific data as well as statistics on the number of vehicular accidents involving the elderly it can be seen that the respondents were unaware of the potential danger they represented both to themselves and other motorists due to an apparent inability to discern that their progressive physical and mental deterioration has had a detrimental effect on their ability to drive (McLeod et al., 613 – 618).
Further examination of the research results also showed that when asked whether they planned to stop driving in the immediate future nearly all the respondents answered that they had no plans to and that they would continue driving for several more years (McLeod et al., 613 – 618).
Based on these responses as well as data from the IIHS and other studies examining elderly drivers and their impact on America’s roads it can be seen that the attitudes as well as the physical and mental deterioration of elderly drivers presents a distinct problem due to their potentially adverse impact on both themselves and other drivers. As such it can be stated that, the government needs to limit the maximum age for driving because elderly drivers have caused many deaths and severe injuries each year.
Similarity in Being Drunk and Being Old Driving under the influence of alcohol is considered a punishable offense in many states within the U.S. due to the potential dangers an inebriated driver possess to other drivers on the road.
What must be understood though is that the reason why this action is considered illegal is due to the reduced physical and mental capacity of the driver, such a condition has been proven through literally millions of cases within the past several decades that a driver operating a motor vehicle under a diminished capacity due to the presence of alcohol in his system is more liable to cause accidents on the road and as such should be prevented.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Problem of the Elderly Driving in the US specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Taking the concept of “diminished capacity” into consideration elderly drivers should also be restricted from being allowed to drive since they also possess a diminished capacity similar to people that are drunk.
While there are certain differences such as an elderly individual having a deteriorated physical and mental condition as a direct result of natural causes while an inebriated driver has a diminished capacity as a direct result of the consumption of alcoholic beverages the fact remains that both individuals display behaviors which place them at risk of not only harming themselves but other drivers as well.
For example, one of the main reasons why drunk driving is considered a punishable offense is due to the diminished mental capacity that a drunk driver is under which results in their inability to effectively drive their vehicle.
Studies examining drunk driving show that the diminished mental capacity takes the form of being unable to gauge distance and speed, the inability to formulate fast enough decisions while on the road and finally the propensity to overcompensate resulting in wider turns and faster speeds.
While such symptoms are not present in drivers 55 and below studies examining drivers 70 and above show an almost similar degree of deteriorated mental capacity in the elderly comparable to drunk drivers which makes them just as likely to cause the same type of accidents as the average drunk driver (Branaghan and Gray, 580 – 581).
Another factor that should be taken into consideration is the concept of perception and how drunk and elderly drivers tend to perceive things almost similarly. Studies examining the effect of alcohol on the average person’s ability to perceive objects reveal that a person’s ability to accurately distinguish numbers, colors, warning signs and other similar forms of road safety measures tends to decrease the more alcohol an individual consumes.
This is another reason why driving under the influence of alcohol is considered a punishable offense since the inability to distinguish proper road safety signs makes the driver of the car more liable to cause accidents despite the precautions put into effect in order to prevent them. In the case of the elderly, physical deterioration once more comes into play however in this case the focus of attention is on their vision.
What must be understood is the fact that as a person gets older their vision tends to deteriorate over time, while there are measures available to correct this such as glasses or corrective surgery in some cases elderly individuals suffering from eye deficiencies such as cataracts, glaucoma or macular degeneration are unable to get the necessary corrective surgery (Branaghan and Gray, 580 – 587).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Problem of the Elderly Driving in the US by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This results in elderly drivers having to contend with either blurred or hazy vision, a distinct reduction in their peripheral vision and even loss of their central portion of vision which can not only cause them to misinterpret road signs but could lead them into not realizing they are approaching and obstacle, car or pedestrian (Friedman et al., 1846). Such cases are similar to what happens to drunk drivers and as such is further evidence of the necessity to place elderly drivers in the same category of “diminished capacity” as drunk drivers.
The last piece of evidence showing the similarity between drunk and elderly drivers is once more connected to the concept of diminished physical and mental capacity but in this case it involves the ability to take in information and react immediately.
In most situations when driving motorists need to take into account other cars in their lane as well as cars from the front and the rear. By taking into account their relative distance, speed and their proximity to the car a driver is able to make decisions within seconds as to how to properly handle their car given the situation at hand.
In the case of drunk drivers their ability to discern information from their general environment and take subsequent action as need be is heavily impaired by the fact that both their physical and mental reaction times are greatly slowed down by the presence of alcohol. This makes them more likely to be slower in taking into account outside information which delays their ability to physically respond to the situation.
The same can be said of elderly drivers wherein their diminished mental capacity combined with their frail physical capabilities makes them less likely to be able to sufficiently take in information from their surroundings when driving and take appropriate actions (Marszalek et al., 1097 – 1103).
In both cases this results in delayed actions in stopping, turning or going resulting in accidents occurring as a direct result. Based on this information it can be seen that when comparing both drunk and elderly drivers, both operate under a state of diminished capacity that not only endangers their own safety but that of others as well. As such, elderly drivers should be categorized under the same category as drunk drivers and be prevented from operating motor vehicles due to the potential threat to public safety that they represent.
Physical Capability This paper has so far argued that the physical and mental deterioration of elderly drivers places makes them a danger to themselves and others, what hasn’t been mentioned yet is the fact that elderly drivers are more likely to die from car accidents as compared to the average driver.
What must be understood is the fact that traffic accidents can occur at any given time due to a plethora of causes, most of them not limited to the elderly. In such cases though when accidents do occur the elderly are just as likely to be involved in an accident as any other driver however their ability to actually survive such accidents is questionable at best.
Once a person reaches the age of 60 and above a notable decrease in the amount of calcium in their bones is seen as well as muscle lethargy, decreased physical stamina as well as an overall level of deteriorated health (Brock et al., 1284). While this is a natural process for all individuals what must be understood is the fact that people with deteriorated levels of health are not as likely to survive a car accident as compared to an individual who is in the prime of their life (Ehrenfeld, 62).
An examination of data relating to the ability to survive car accidents has shown that as an individual increases in age the less likely they are able to survive a major car accident (Brock et al., 1284). Even minor accidents can cause severe damage on most elderly individuals due to their relatively fragile physical states.
While it may be true that barring an individual from driving on the basis of their fragility has little legal basis, the fact remains that when taking into consideration the inherent physical fragility of elderly drivers aged 70 and up and combining it with the fact that they are more likely to enter into traffic accidents due to their diminished physical and mental capacities, as established by this paper, then it becomes a question of whether the government needs to act on the basis of protecting the elderly from themselves since clearly they are likely to kill themselves (along with others) if they are allowed to continue driving at advanced ages (Brock et al., 1284) (Mitchell and Suen, 17).
Opinion of the Elderly While this paper has been quick to point out the negative implications of elderly driving an examination of the responses of the elderly towards the concept of limiting the age limit on driving has brought about several compelling arguments.
The first argument presented is the fact that since most elderly individuals live with their spouse or are alone if they are prevented from driving this limits them towards the use of public transportation which is arduous at best which may result in increased stress, a worrisome factor given their advanced ages (USA Today, n.d). It must also be noted that in most cases within the U.S. the elderly do not live with their children and as such have come to rely on their own ability to get things done.
Studies examining the responses of various elderly respondents have shown that most are reluctant to take on the use of caregivers and as such continue to try to remain active. By preventing the elderly from driving this may in turn place either undue financial stress as a direct result of them needing to hire a caregiver since their children would not be around to drive them as they please (Modern Medicine, 5).
Other arguments presented state their inherent legal right as citizens to be able to drive so long as they prove they are capable of doing so. In such cases it has been shown that the elderly can be retrained to drive at advanced ages in order to take into account their physical and mental deficiencies and act accordingly in order to become better drivers.
Based on these following arguments it can be seen that there are alternative methods to outright banning the elderly from driving. On the other hand all the arguments presented neglect to take into account the fact that the elderly account for a large percentage of all automobile based accidents within the U.S. with the number gradually rising by 5 percent each year as a direct result of aging sectors in the U.S. population (Tips, 9).
Conclusion Despite the counterarguments presented it can clearly be seen that allowing the elderly to drive poses too much of a risk to both themselves and the general public to allow the practice to continue. What must be taken into account is the fact that their continued physical and mental deteriorated coupled with the necessities of being a proficient driver simply do not mesh.
As such, the government should take measures in setting up an appropriate age limit that allows elderly people to drive. By doing so, not only does the government prevent the elderly from potentially harming themselves but also other drivers and pedestrians.
Works Cited Branaghan, Russell J., and Rob Gray. “NONCONSCIOUS ACTIVATION OF AN ELDERLY STEREOTYPE AND SPEED OF DRIVING.” Perceptual
David Frost’s New project – Interviews with Richard Nixon Essay college essay help: college essay help
David Frost, a TV presenter and a renowned comedian made attempts to get into the books of history in 1977. To accomplish his mission, he dissuaded his producer john Burt to support him financially to start a new project. The project involved conducting numerous interviews with Richard Nixon. The interviews commenced after the preliminary diplomacies but Frost being inexperienced, he does not measure up to the standards to interview Nixon. This essay explores why Morgan describes the film as a battle rather than a trial.
Between 1972 and 1974, a famous scandal dubbed the Watergate scandal which was regarded as a conspiracy of the president rocked America leading to the resignation of President Nixon. After the resignation of Nixon, the new president, Gerald Ford gave Nixon pardon to the displeasure of the American people.
Three years following this event, Nixon agreed to be involved in a series of interviews with Frost who was a comedian and television presenter. The reason why Morgan terms this interview as a battle rather than a trial is because Frost was anticipating outwitting Nixon in the interviews to remain an honorable person. However, this is not what happened since Nixon proved to be witty and difficult than Frost had expected.
The film starts by frantic efforts by Nixon and his colleagues to conduct the interviews with Nixon. This stage presents the first hurdle as Nixon demands a fee of $600000 causing Frost to solicit funds from his friends (Guardian 3).
The film is really a battle as exhibited by Frost and his team as they do an intensive research in preparation of the upcoming interviews. The interviews are similar to a boxing competition that requires high intellectual capacity between Frost and Nixon. The film is characterized by emotional moments as the interviews progress.
Frost and his team seem to be dissatisfied and unhappy with the apparent success that Nixon is achieving during the interviews. Frost and his team had hopes of exposing the corrupt dealings of Nixon during his reign in power but he seems to avoid all the attacks from Frost. In three sessions of two hours each, Frost was not making any success in a bid to achieve his goal while Nixon had managed to ward off all the attacks from Frost (Guardian 3).
The greatest battle that is evident in this film is the value attached to reputation. Right from the onset of the film, the reputation of Nixon is tainted by the infamous Watergate scandal. Nixon is put to task to explain how America would keep its reputation if he ascended to presidency and behaved badly then no legal action was taken against him.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nixon at some point backs this idea by saying that he was also concerned about the reputation of America among other countries. However, when asked about his reactions during the Vietnam War, he outwits Frost and his colleagues by telling them that the war was intended at testing the credibility of America.
He says that the world was watching carefully to see if America had the character of fighting to the end. Nixon is not happy with the fact that the American people had discarded all his other good deeds and used this scandal to depict him as a bad leader and destroy his reputation permanently. As Frost looks at the interviews as a way of fixing Nixon, he himself looks at the interviews as an opportune moment of restoring his punctured reputation.
The interviews with Frost are an important turning point in the career of Frost as a TV personality. He is very determined to be the winner in these interviews such that other aspects of his life begin to take a nosedive.
He receives the first blow after his show in Australia is terminated since the producers feel that he has the wrong priorities. At some point, Frost starts regretting his actions and wishes that somebody had restrained him before he went too far in the interviews. The battle for reputation is heightened when Nixon calls Frost between their third and fourth interviews.
In the telephone conversation, Nixon expresses his strong passion for their quest to earn respect and how they should get back to the podium of winners. He tells Frost that the outcomes of the interviews will however present only one winner. This phone call prompts Frost to intensify his strategies of being the winner in the final interview. Nixon loses the battle but they both establish respect for one another as it is seen at the end of the film (IMDB 1).
Morgan crafts a story which is a battle leading to the victory of one character over the other. However, during the course of the interviews, the defeat of Nixon is not elaborate. Nixon finally in an emotional concurrence recounts how he had failed his country and friends but immediately lays the blame on others. He says that his mistakes were caused by other people.
Morgan tries to create a different Nixon in the film who is sympathetic as opposed to the historical Nixon who never cared for his people. He portrays him as somebody who blundered and concealed his mistakes through lies. This is something that any member of the audience can do hence the audience can relate with the film.
We will write a custom Essay on David Frost’s New project – Interviews with Richard Nixon specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Frost realizes that Nixon has a heavy burden of guilt and uses this aspect to fix him by telling him that unless he acknowledges blame, his guilt would haunt him forever. Nixon had come for the interviews with the hope of restoring his reputation to Americans but left a relieved man after acknowledging he deserved blame.
Works Cited Guardian. Frost/Nixon. 2008. Web . 02 August 2011.
IMDB. Frost/Nixon. 2008. Web.
Illegal Immigration: Views of Policy Makers, Media and General Public Research Paper best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Political Debate on Immigration
Introduction Illegal immigration into the U.S. is a billion dollar question that has fueled considerable public debate within the country in the past few years due the inherent social and economic costs that illegal immigration places on the U.S. government. Estimates from the Center of Immigration Studies within the U.S. place the total illegal alien population within the country at 11 to 13 million people, a number which continues to rise over the past couple of years (Hanson et al., 73).
While originally the U.S. used to welcome immigrants and distinguished itself as a melting pot of cultures, harsh economic realities and strained government systems have resulted in stricter immigration policies being put into effect in order to reduce the number of immigrants into the country (Cassidy, 25).
This is actually a logical move on the part of the U.S government since the country only has a finite amount of social support systems and resources to be able to take care of its current population and as such cannot support constant influxes of thousands of immigrants into the country on a yearly basis (GREENBLATT, 12).
Unfortunately, such policies have inadvertently resulted in people turning towards the use of illegal immigration into the country, seeking the potential luxuries of “the American Way of Life” as being far better than the situations they face in their home countries. The end result is an influx of literally thousands of illegal immigrants into the U.S. with most of them coming from Mexico and South American countries.
Estimates from FAIR (Federation for American Immigration Reform) place the total cost of illegal immigration on American taxpayers as $113 billion year as a direct result of illegal immigrants utilizing state services such as educational institutions, medical care, social services and a variety of other programs that are meant to benefit American citizens but wind up benefitting illegal immigrants as well despite few illegal immigrants actually paying into the system (Hanson et al., 73).
From this it can be stated that, illegal immigration places a substantial burden on the U.S. government and as such the practice should not be tolerated due to its illegal nature which needlessly burdens the U.S. government. It is based on this that this paper will explore the views of policy makers, the media and the general public in order to gain a better understanding of illegal immigration and examine both sides of the debate.
Political Debate on Immigration Currently there are two sides to the debate on illegal immigration one is to grant amnesty to illegal immigrants and grant them the ability to apply for citizenship while the other is a decidedly harsher strategy where illegal immigrants that are caught within the country are subsequently detained, jailed and then subsequently deported back to their home countries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More States such as Arizona have taken the latter approach towards dealing with immigration as seen in its implementation of strict identity checks which border on racism in order to confirm whether an individual is an illegal alien or not (Thornburgh, 38). Such strategies are concerned with limiting two aspects related to illegal immigration namely the increased rates of crime within states that are attributed to illegal aliens as well as the subsequent drain on state resources that illegal aliens impose.
By taking a harsher stance on the issue it is believed that illegal aliens would be discouraged to even attempt migrating into the U.S. Unfortunately, what this strategy fails to take into consideration is the fact that despite the implementation of harsher rules on illegal immigration this has not discouraged foreign nationals from entering into the U.S. illegally due to the supposedly better conditions that exist within the country.
On the other side of the political debate is stance that allows illegal immigrants to work legally within the country and work towards citizenship at a later date (AVENDAÑO
Role of Religion in Public Life (Church and State) Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
The concept of separation between religion and government has been adopted by several nations to varying degrees. This is in regard to the applicable legal institutions and prevailing views towards the actual role of religion in different countries. In some countries, these institutions are closely interconnected.
The variations exist in the level of religious freedom, tolerance and interrelatedness to secular political and financial ties. Questions have been raised over the extent to which a government should interfere with religious practices within a country. In my opinion, religious freedom and freedom for worship should be guaranteed in the constitution of any nation. The government should only interfere with a religious practice of a particular religion only if it finds a convincing reason to do so.
Religious practices differ across different religions. These variations in practices may sometimes create conflict in the society or may go against the laws of the land established to ensure peaceful co-existence. Such religious practices which can disrupt peace or smooth co-existence in the country can be restricted by the government. However, these restrictions to religious freedom need to be neutral and should be applied equally to all persons.
For example, in 1990, a case was brought before the US Supreme Court (Employment Division v. Smith), where a native person was involved in smoking a hallucinogenic substance as part of his religious tradition (Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance 3). Such religious practices may be dangerous to a nation if we take a look at its long-term impacts. Other individuals with evil minds who smoke the substance can easily join the religion since they are protected by the right to worship which include such practices.
In some instances, this has been the foundation of cults which in most cases terrorize the public and disrupt peace in the country. It is always easy to convince people, particularly the youth when they are under the influence of drugs to involve in activities which cause harm to the public.
The government therefore should have the authority to monitor the activities of such religions which come up with practices parallel to any normal societal life or what it considers illegal. It has to adopt a method that results in minimal interference with religious freedom of societies, organizations or individuals (Enyedi, and Madeley, 203). Such fairness in treatment is also guaranteed in the US Religious Freedom Act of 1993.
The government has to accept all religions equally. There are instances where the government should just impose special requirements and not ban the religious activities. For example, what the government of France has done, banning Muslim women from covering their faces in public, could have been better solved if they were to be required to remove the covering in security sensitive places.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Interference with religious practices of a particular religion is also important whenever the government proves that certain practices of the religion is bound to lead to religious conflict or violence. Religiously-motivated violence, terrorism, murder and genocide have often been felt in various parts of the world. The government should have the authority to stop or ban religious teachings which are characterized by hate, intolerance, anger, superiority and arrogance.
Religious extremists have often spread hate messages to innocent individuals and this sometimes lead to religious intolerance that has driven religious fanatics to kill innocent people. Such mass murder or terrorist activities have been experienced in New York (September 11), Sudan, Turkey, Bosnia among other countries. Nigeria is among the countries which have experienced serious religious wars.
In 2010, the US government together with the government of Kenya stopped Al-Faisal, a Muslim preacher, from carrying out in any religious activities in Kenya. It was discovered that the preacher’s teachings comprised hate messages which could have caused religious intolerance, and as a result, he was deported back to his country, Jamaica.
This shows just how important a government’s intervention in certain religious activities is important. However, in such cases, the individuals creating such tensions are the ones who are supposed to be dealt with and not the religion. Extremists profoundly communicate intolerant viewpoints against other religions, which are meant to fuel attacks on individuals who hold different beliefs.
The government has a role to play in preventing religiously-motivated attacks on innocent citizens. The government has to come in and restrict oppression and denigration of individuals who belong to other religions. It has to develop policies which refrain individuals from comparing practices and beliefs of other religions with an intention of negatively criticizing the opposing religion.
Lack of interference by the governments could lead to religious wars such as those experienced during the early time of the Roman Catholic ,when the pope organized for the massacre of Muslims and Turks, who were interfering with religious practices of Roman Catholics in Jerusalem and the Holy City (Arnold 13).
The government also needs to have authority to intervene in situations where the religious practices of an individual interferes with that of another, who for some reasons, can not defend himself/herself. The government has to step in when religious activities of a religious group harm others.
We will write a custom Essay on Role of Religion in Public Life (Church and State) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For example, when a parent refuses to allow nurses to immunize his or her child against a disease, citing religion, the government has to employ a method that will ensure that the child’s right to life is not violated. In that case, the government has to find a way of talking to the parent to agree to the medical treatment since the child can not speak for him/herself.
While ensuring peaceful co-existence between different religions, it has to allow each person to change his/her religion or belief as he or she wishes (Jefferson 3). It should also permit people from a different religion to associate with others from different religion and to express their beliefs freely. Many countries such as Greece, China and several Muslim countries have often restricted missionary activities by some religions (Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 17). These countries do not allow certain religions to hold public crusades.
This is a violation of human rights of such individuals since these countries have not found any compelling reason to stop them from carrying out their religious activities. This denies citizens of such countries the freedom to change their religion. Such interference also seeks to preserve power as well as believe in a certain religion.
Religion forms a fundamental part of human life and the society as a whole. Freedom of religion and religious practices should therefore be guaranteed in the constitution. However, due to the need for unity in diversity and peaceful co-existence in the multi-religious society, the government has to intervene in situations which could disrupt peace and harmony in the country.
Works Cited Arnold, Jack. Church History: The Height and Decline of the Papacy (1073-1517). Medieval Church History, part 3. IIIM Magazine Online, 1, no. 33 (17 October, 1999). Web.
Enyedi, Zsolt and Madeley, John (2003). Church and state in contemporary Europe: the chimera of neutrality. Philadelphia PA: Psychology Press.
Iran Human Rights Documentation Center. A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha’is of Iran. 2007. Web.
Jefferson, Thomas. Jefferson’s Letter to the Danbury Baptists. Washington DC: U.S. Library of Congress. 1802. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Role of Religion in Public Life (Church and State) by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. The US Government vs Individual Religious freedom in the US. Religious Tolerance Organization, 2011. Web.
Critical Study of Ikuru and the Death of Ivan Ilyich Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Introduction
Enlightenment Moment for Watanabe
Enlightenment Moment for Ivan Ilyich
Introduction Ikuru is a film in current Japan revealing the plight of Kanji Watanabe, a servant in public service who discovers he is on the brink of death since he is a victim of terminal cancer. Watanabe discovers that his life has lost meaning and wants to derive a meaning out of it within the few days that he has to live.
The lead character in this film who is Watanabe is similar to Ivan Ilyich who is a lead character in the novel The Death of Ivan Ilyich. Both characters reach a point of enlightenment in their lives and discover that they have never lived when they are almost dying. This essay will look at the points of enlightenment for both Watanabe and Ivan Ilyich.
Enlightenment Moment for Watanabe The title of the film Ikiru is a Japanese word for life. The film consists of two sections one of them being a show of how useless the life of Watanabe has become. This is occasioned by his association with a group from the society that is fighting for unused piece of land with officials from the government.
The battle between this group and government officials leads to wastage of a lot of time as they deal with the complicated systems of law. The group is exposed to many frustrations until they are taken back to the starting point. By the time they are done with their struggles, the time of Watanabe being in office has expired and he begins endeavors of seeking treatment for his deadly medical condition (Jawayeera 3).
The futility of the life Watanabe has lived is explored through the relationship he has with his son when he finds out that he is suffering from cancer. The point of enlightenment for Watanabe is not very fruitful since it acts as a great failure.
When he becomes enlightened and discovers his condition, he starts looking for fulfillment in his remaining life and at this point he looks for a novelist. Watanabe wants the novelist to give him tips on what a good life encompasses and he is informed of some of the bad things in Japan that he is supposed to distance himself from.
The list of these vices includes dance places, drinking alcohol, clubs where strippers are found among other undesirable places. However much Watanabe tries to find solace in the teachings he gets from the novelist, life to him remains as unsatisfying as ever and his quest continues since he is now enlightened (Jawayeera 6).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The enlightenment of Watanabe continues when he is involved with a little girl working in his office. The young lady has approached Watanabe because she wants him to sign a document that will enable her move from her current job to a new job. This encounter with the young girl causes Watanabe to become obsessed with the young lady. Watanabe cannot express himself well and finds a lot of trouble with this little girl.
When Watanabe realizes that he has cancer, this turns out to be another turning point of enlightenment (Jawayeera 8). While in a bar, he reveals to a stranger that he really wants to spend good time only that he does not know how to utilize the money he has. The stranger agrees to take Watanabe to different places such as dance halls where he enjoys himself because he has known that life is short. In one of the clubs, he even requests a song that affirms this truth that has just dawned on him.
Watanabe had worked for many years at the city Hall but for all these years, he had not achieved anything. As the chief of his section in the office, he had piles of papers on his table and all he had to do was to stamp them. The opening shot in the movie is an enlightenment moment for Watanabe where it is found out that he has Gastric cancer but he does not know.
He just goes through his normal activities in life oblivious of any dangerous condition he might be suffering from. While in the office of his doctor, the enlightenment for Watanabe continues after a patient carelessly shouts that he is suffering from stomach cancer. When the doctor repeats the words of the other patient, Watanabe guesses that he has few days to live and becomes quiet and worried.
Enlightenment Moment for Ivan Ilyich The death of Ivan Ilyich is a true portrayal of the people of Russia and their Society. Ivan Ilyich who is the hero in the story is an optimistic character who finds himself trapped in desires that later plunge him in a lot of suffering. He later tries hard to come out of the situations that have exposed him to great suffering by looking back at his past life.
The reader can identify with Ivan who is a young man from the middle class with a strong passion for success and an insatiable desire to be enlightened spiritually. He is engaged in a life of immensurable luxury which is very expensive. As the novel begins, we see the death of Ivan which is followed by revelation of the cynical nature of his wife and close friends.
Ivan lived a life of luxury until he was involved in an accident that caused injuries to him, an event that caused him to start serious introspection of his life. His life was deemed a life of propriety but after this incident, he only thinks of death. In the last moments of his life that is full of confusion, a ray of light eventually shines into his life.
We will write a custom Essay on Critical Study of Ikuru and the Death of Ivan Ilyich specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The quest for selfish achievements in a world full of skeptical perspectives and the tragedy that can follow only emphasizes the need for embracing spirituality. In the last chapter of the novel, a clear explanation of how finally enlightenment came to Ivan is given.
The moment of enlightenment to Ivan occurs at once and its implication remains constant. Those who were present during his last moments explained that his suffering and pain was with him for additional 2 hours. He gradually stopped gasping as his sound subsided quietly and this signified an end to his mental suffering and physical pain that even the most qualified doctors had failed solve.
Ivan puts the final moments of his enlightenment in writing. He says that it became evident that what had tormented him for long without leaving was disappearing from all sides of his body. When Ivan dies, his colleagues mourn not because they are feeling a sense of loss but their happiness is that his death has created a vacancy that will be of professional gain to them.
The only person who seems to cover this kind of cynicism is Gerasim. Even his wife is not so much bothered by his death as she immediately starts calculating the pension she will get after the death of her husband (Tolstoy 120).
Ivan Ilyich did not take a single moment of reflection in his life till the moment he was staring death in the eyes. This turns out to be a moment of enlightenment for him especially after keenly looking at Gerasim who was a mere peasant and the only person who took care of him when he was about to die. Gerasim tries to explain Ivan the real meaning of life, something his wife and his closest friends had failed to explain to him.
Gerasim was very compassionate and served Ivan selflessly during his last days without complaining because he had accepted that death is an inevitable part of life. Ivan felt so good and at peace for having someone who comforted and took care of him during his last and important moment of enlightenment. He realizes that he had deprived himself something valuable in life, staying close to other people. He realizes that this is the true life and the life of materialism he had lived was false and only deceived him.
Ivan lived without ever questioning the value of the life he lived. As he dies, he considers himself of no worth and this is portrayed through the lives of those who are around him. For instance, his wife seems to blame him always because his sickness has been a bother to her while his daughter Lisa is uncomfortable with his sickness because it interferes with her social life.
They are not connected to the suffering that Ivan goes through but are only driven by self preservation. Their hatred grows as Ivan continues to deteriorate and this is a reflection of the kind of life he lived.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Critical Study of Ikuru and the Death of Ivan Ilyich by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is explained in the following direct quote from chapter 7 of the novel ,‘How it happened it is impossible to say because it came about step by step, unnoticed, but in the third month of Ivan IIyich’s illness, his wife, his daughter, his son, his acquaintances, the doctors, the servants, and above all he himself, were aware that the whole interest he had for other people was whether he would soon vacate his place, and at last release the living from the discomfort caused by his presence and be himself released from his sufferings.’ (Tolstoy 132).
Conclusion The movie Ikiru opens with a low mood but towards the end of the movie there is a lively moment that tries to prevent the light from dying. Watanabe retires to his home and puts covers himself with a blanket as he cries bitterly. He regrets his life after the realization that he must die. However, what is most painful is not that he has to die but that he has never lived.
He confesses to the stranger that for all the years he has lived he has lived for nothing. Similarly, in the novel Death of Ivan Ilyich there is also a moment of enlightenment. Ivan Ilyich has lived a materialistic nature and never took time to reflect on his life. When he is very sick and nobody wants to be there for him, this is when he gets the assistance of a peasant known as Gerasimi. Just like Watanabe, he discovers that he had wasted his whole life and could not do anything about.
Works Cited Jawayeera, Shan. Ikiru. Web. n.d. 01 August 2011.
Tolstoy, Leo. The Death of Ivan Ilyich. New York: Kessinger Publishing, 2004. Print
Globalization Effects on Food Industry, Trading, Education Research Paper essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Trading and commerce
Eating habits and industries
Education and knowledge sharing
Introduction Globalization is an international integration of various aspects such as economic, advancement of technology, culture, and political influence of individual countries into a one single society. For a long period, globalization has changed the world outlook into a positive way. It has been a long journey for globalization to be what it is today. The process has taken five centuries, and five major stages for it to develop (Mabogunje, 2002).
This research paper will focus on how globalization has affected various sectors like food industry, trading, education, and the information technology in the developing nations. Although globalization has been associated with a positive move internationally like advancement of technology, there are other shortcomings associated with it like poor eating habits. Globalization has made positive moves in most of the sectors, although it also came with some shortcomings that are outweighed by its benefits.
Trading and commerce In most of the developing nations, the level of trading has been very disadvantaged due to limitations of some key aspects of commerce like the infrastructure and other trade barriers. Through globalization, an increment of worldwide markets have been noted, where the developing countries can now access the foreign goods and services (Mabogunje, 2002).
The major benefit enjoyed by the developing nations is the capability to import the raw materials from the industrially developed countries, to facilitate the production of goods required in the country. Through the eradication of various barriers of trade, the finally processed goods can be exported in other nations to earn the country some income.
This expansion of trade in the developing nations has also resulted to creation of more employment opportunities for the youth hence reducing the idleness that brings about crimes. Within the last fifty years, there is a great improvement in the movement of the goods and services both inside and among various nations.
The international trade has developed rapidly through the efforts of globalization (Mabogunje, 2002). Another facilitator of trade in the developing countries is the impact of globalization on the financial sectors. These countries can now have access to funds through asking for loans from other countries. This was noted through the improvement of national currencies trade, which was meant to support the growing levels of trade and investment.
Eating habits and industries Globalization in the developing nations has come up with bad eating habits due to easy exportation of foods that increases the caloric intake, without much activities of burning those calories (Hastings, Thiel,
Transfer of Training: Concept and Challenges Report essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Transfer of Training
Transfer of Training: Challenges
Introduction Transfer of training is not a new concept but has been there as long as human beings have worked. It can be defined as the ability of an individual or trainees to apply the acquired skills, knowledge as well as behavior in different situations. It could also be termed as the degree to which trainees put into practice (in jobs) the attitudes, behaviors, skills and knowledge they acquired through training.
This is a very crucial aspect that should be enhanced for an organization to prosper through making good use of the potential possessed by employees for the purpose of achieving success and profitability (Broad, 2005). This piece of work looks at the concept of transfer of training with much emphasis being given to the factors that play a role in the success of the process and the challenges involved.
Transfer of Training The process of transfer of training is complex but essential and should therefore be handled with a lot of concern since it determines the performance of employees in an organization to a very great extent. There are various factors that determine the degree of success of the process of transfer of training, some of them being; training design, the characteristics of individual trainee as well as environmental and situation in which training and transfer takes place.
Training design and trainee characteristics usually have a direct impact while the context of training and transfer usually affect the process in a rather indirect manner. An effective training design facilitates transfer of training and vice versa. The training design can be made effective by making sure that the training programs are in line with an organization’s goals and objectives.
The trainee’s learning outcomes should also be clearly stipulated in accordance to workplace expectations. Characteristic of individual participants could be enhanced through effective training, selection as well as induction into an organization which enhance adaptability. The workplace environment should always foster transfer of training. The training environment should be in line with the workplace environment to avoid conflict that may hinder smooth transfer of training (Koster, 2007).
Transfer of Training: Challenges The process of transfer of training is not usually smooth but rather faced with some challenges, which should be handled to make it a success. Some of the challenges associated with transfer of training include; negative attitudes of the trainees where they are not ready/ confident to easily apply what they have learnt, conflicting working environments where the work place policies are quite different from what was taught during training and poor policies that do not foster smooth transfer of training.
Some of the ways through which the challenges can be eliminated include stipulating clear procedures, roles and responsibilities during training, provision of aids on the job, enhancing communication, engaging the new employees in the organizations activities to motivate them to apply their skills and provision of incentives to encourage hard work and better performance (Holton and Baldwin, 2003).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion It is evident that the process of transfer of training is very crucial and its success determines an individual’s progress and hence that of the organization at large. It is therefore advisable that every effort is taken so as to ensure that trainees are able to put what they have acquired through training programs into practice in an effective manner as this have a stake in determining the performance of the trainees in the organization even in future.
Reference List Broad, L.M. (2005). Beyond Transfer Of Training: Engaging Systems To Improve Performance. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Holton, F.E. and Baldwin T.T. (2003). Improving Learning Transfer in Organizations. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Koster, M. (2007). The Transfer of Training into the Work Environment – a Socio-cultural Approach. Marienstrasse: GRIN Verlag
Matthew 6: 24-30 Essay (Critical Writing) cheap essay help
Introduction/ Thesis statement The gospel of Matthew is a book that alludes to the Old Testament books and other books from the New Testament, which had preached the coming and the works of Jesus Christ. Though the book has about three divisions, chapter six, verses twenty four to thirty (Matthew 6:24-34), enormously condemns worship of wealth due to greediness because such worship competes with the true worship of the sovereign Lord. According to Matthew, Jesus used parables, narratives, and miracles to pass his message to the people.
Moreover, he openly condemned ungodly practices like wealth possession at the expense of the faith of an individual. Matthew chose words with precision to ensure that all Christians, even children, clearly understood the message in the sermon. With application of literary elements like symbols and similes among others, Jesus convinced people to worship God and not wealth.
Although the bible has different authors, some of the stories are parallel or similar especially in the Gospels, which are the case with Matthew, John, and Luke. Though translated from Greek, the book of Matthew (Matthew 6:24-30) elaborates the themes of faith or trust, materialism (wealth, possessions and greediness) and Christianity, which ultimately separate man from God.
The passage translation Originally, Matthew 6:24-30 was in Greek, which led to different translations according to personal understanding of the text or message. Therefore, the following is the personal translation from the Greek language and New International Version (NIV). ““No one can serve two masters.
Either you will hate the one and love the other, or you will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and money. 25 “Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothes? 26 Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow, reap, or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them.
Are you not valuable than they are? 27 Can any one of you by worrying add a single hour to your life? 28 “And why do you worry about clothes? See how the flowers of the field grow. They do not labor or spin. 29 Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in his entire splendor was dressed like one of these. 30 If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you—you of little faith?” (Matthew 6: 24-30 New international Version Bible).
Choice of words in the translation in comparison to others The above translation may differ slightly from the Greek version due to the choice of words, which may have a slight different meaning. Greek is not as popular as English; therefore, the use of simple English verbs, phrases or words enables students or readers who are non-native speakers to study effectively.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The words are simple, straightforward, and unsophisticated to enable anyone, even a child, to understand the message in the text. Due to simplicity, readers do not have to refer or infer to the original text in Greek or to the bible dictionary to get the meaning of the complex words in the text.
Moreover, the interpretation of the message is easier due to the simplicity of the words; therefore, the themes like trust and faith are clear. The bible is a complex and enormous book that needs clarity of words; thus, simple words not only attract the readers, but also encourage them to read on.
As aforementioned, English is a worldwide spoken language and unsophisticated language or choice of words enables all new learners to understand clearly the words including the message without the need of an instructor or a teacher for interpretation. Words like “single cubit” are complex words that will force a reader to use a dictionary. Therefore, I opted to use the word “increase your earthly survival time” to bring out the clarity that is lacking in the original text.
The other word is “masters”, which I replaced with “people or individual” for easier understanding. The word ‘masters’ might have two meanings viz. a leader or a boss; therefore, it may confuse the reader. However, a simplified word like ‘person’ cannot have multiple meanings leading to clarity.
I also used the word “richness” instead of “splendor” when describing King Solomon’s wealth to elaborate the text or message. Therefore, the simple choice of words as rich, people, and individual over others like Masters and splendor not only promotes easier understanding of the verses, but also attract new English learner to read and understand the sermon.
The literary elements used in the passage Although the bible has been in existence for many years, Matthew explicitly used different literary elements to elaborate and cite the preaching of Jesus as it is the case in chapter six. According to Matthew, symbolism is one of the major elements applied by Jesus during his preaching. For instance, He used clothes, food, and money among other items during his preaching. According to Jesus, the aforementioned items connoted wealth, greediness, and other worldly possessions that most people fight and struggle to achieve.
Even though Jesus did not condemn directly the issue of amassing wealth, the items he mentioned contribute to wealth, which eventually separate man from God. Money is a symbol of wealth, power, and luxury and thus anybody focusing on money is likely to forget about the existence of God in his or her life.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Matthew 6: 24-30 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More From the preaching of Jesus about wealth and God, it is evident that, in the process of amassing riches, an individual commits a number of sins. Such deeds not only diminish his or her faith, but may also end up shortening his or her lifespan. On the other hand, Jesus used wild birds, flowers, and grasses, which are symbols of poverty.
True to Jesus’ words, birds, flowers, and grass do not have houses, own land, money, or clothes; nevertheless, they eventually live a happy life, something that majority of human beings lack. Jesus used such symbols to warn people of the futility of chasing earthly possessions at the expense of knowing and revering their Creator.
Additionally, the body is a symbol of life and happiness; therefore, people who take care of their body or life assume God cannot do so. For anybody to live a longer life on earth, he or she should have faith in God and not work hard to prolong it. Finally, Solomon was a famous sagacious rich King; he is a symbol of wealth. However, Solomon’s life did not shine, as it is the case with the birds.
When Jesus used Solomon as a symbol of wealth, he meant to discourage people from struggling or worrying about wealth, which separates them from God. However, slightly complex, symbols motivate the readers to reflect and meditate on the message and understand it fully. To sum it all, Jesus used different elements of work to not only attract his listeners, but also to encourage them to trust in God.
The second literary element is narration, which elaborates Jesus’ preaching. He gives a story on a servant with two masters before underscoring the inability to serve them equally. A servant is mostly a poor person struggling to survive and by having a divided attention, s/he will do a shoddy or poor work.
The master will have to dismiss such a servant for inefficient work and the same story applies to anybody struggling to work for earthly possessions. The use of narration is to bring out simplicity in a bid to clarify the intended message or sermon. The second story is about birds, their lifestyles, and happy life void of anxiety. The third story is about wild flowers and grass, which shine but do not struggle to gain wealth.
Though living in wild habitat, flowers and grasses worry less about what might happen the following day. Through narration, Jesus was able to use common examples that are visible and easy to understand; thus clarifying his preaching .The third literary element is a simile, which compares clothes to flowers. “Not even King Solomon with all his richness dressed like flowers” (Matthew 6: 29).
Though not tended, flowers outshine clothes, which need skill and precision to make and even the inherent beauty of flowers outshines the clothes of a rich man. Therefore, the use of a simile in his comparison elaborates and clarifies the intended message. The simile gives a direct comparison to physical, visible, and tangible items thus making it easier for anybody to interpret the message.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Matthew 6: 24-30 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The different translations of the words ‘single cubit’ In the old books, the phrase “single cubit” is a bit complex when compared to my translation, which I have replaced with “extends earthly survival with one hour.” conventionally, an adult stops growing in height at the age of twenty-two.
Therefore, he or she has to read the text with concern and deep reflection to understand the hidden meaning, which is to increase one’s lifespan. On the other hand, the best choice of words and other literary forms is simple, open, and clear; no complex words in the translation. Moreover, simple forms of literary choices also promote clarity and easier interpretation of the text or message.
According to the teachings of Jesus in the book of John, the word “food” has different or symbolic meaning as opposed to my periscope. According to John, Jesus used the word food not to mean literary eating, but to imply spiritual nourishment.
In John, Jesus says, “My food, is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work” (John 4:31-36). Therefore, according to Jesus, his food was to nourish spiritually all people and the accomplishment of his earthly work is his ‘food’. Although Jesus and his disciples were hungry, he did not allow them to look for food until he was done with his preaching.
The harvests from the fields are useless if nobody listens to the preaching of Jesus. When compared to Matthew, the word “food” has different meaning in the two books. While the book of Matthew literary uses ‘food’ to imply food for body nourishment or nutrients, the book of John uses the same to imply spiritual and Godly nourishment.
Nevertheless, the apostle Luke uses the word ‘food’ when referring to the miracles of Jesus. In the book of Luke, the word ‘food’ has the literary meaning of eating for body growth (Luke 9:13). Though used in different books, both Luke and Matthew refer to ‘food’ as necessity for body nutrients, while in John it means listening to God’s word.
The similarity, difference/contradictions of the story with other Gospels The story of ‘God and Possessions’ is also similar to the story of ‘trust in God’ in the book of Luke 12:22-29. In the two texts, Jesus is asking his disciples not to worry about wealth especially food, clothes, and other forms of possessions at the expense of their spiritual wellbeing.
The two stories are also similar because the apostle Luke uses wild flowers and grass to symbolize poverty. In the same way, he also alludes to the Old Testament on the lifestyle of King Solomon in that, despite being rich, Solomon’s clothes were not as shinny as the flowers of the field.
Therefore, the two stories have the same literary elements and thus the same meaning. The two disciples used the element of narration to emphasize the ministry work of Jesus. Additionally, though slightly different, the simile used in both stories is similar and thus has a similar meaning. The themes of the stories are same whereby trust, faith, Christianity, and wealth are the main themes highlighted. On the other hand, there is a slight difference because instead of using birds, Luke uses a cow as a symbol to elaborate his message.
In addition, Luke does not start with a story about a servant with two masters; thus, slightly differs with the book of Matthew. The book of Luke also highlights the theme of management, which lacks in the book of Matthew. The two stories also contradict because, while Matthew uses ‘bird’, John uses ‘cow’ to symbolically mean poverty yet both of them were the disciples of Jesus who listened the same story at the same time.
Therefore, Jesus preached a similar story to the same audience but at different times, which led to the difference especially in the symbols used. Similarly, the commencement of the story is not in the same way because while Luke omits some of the aspects, Matthew adds some words or phrases that are missing in Luke’s text thus bringing out the contradiction or difference.
Significance of the pericope to the First audience During the times of Jesus, most people struggled to amerce wealth, which made them to commit sins while others decided to worship their wealth and not God. Eventually, Jesus had to condemn the people’s act of leading to the emergence of the above pericope.
Because of the tough times and the need to make ends meet, the first audience to listen the sermon on the above pericope was not only surprised but also confused. Everybody has to work in order to meet his or her daily needs but Jesus was urging them to forget about that and concentrate on God (Musser Para.3).
Therefore, Jesus compelled Christians to practice the virtues of faith or trust other than doubting God. However, some of the disciples and the followers of Jesus opted to forgo their daily routine jobs like fishing to preach the word of God. The disciples of Jesus had to trust in God for the provision of their daily upkeep thus most of them had to continue to compel Christians to worship God other than wealth or other gods.
Significance of the pericope in the contemporary world Contemporarily, wealth or riches are the essential needs but at the expense of God’s word. Currently, both Christian .Most priests, pastors and other church leaders compete to drive lavish cars or enormous bungalows at the expense of their Christian faith. Some preachers or church leaders/ elders especially of the newly sprouting churches fight for leadership positions in their institutions.
The aim for fighting for the leadership positions is to enable them control church funds (money). On the other hand, “Christians or people who acquire wealth or riches in ungodly ways will definitely pay the price” (Wiersbe “Bile Exposition Commentary set volume 2” 1).
Therefore, Christians should trust or have faith in God thus enabling them to acquire genuine wealth. In addition, most Christians like politicians and other leaders worship either their wealth (vehicles, bodies) or other gods. Some people decide to worship other gods because of the lure of acquiring quick money, which completely separates them from God.
Due to greed, some church leaders accept or give bribes to gain favors. Others people (Christians) either practice politics or are politicians who end up supporting one party or the other. Finally, enmity brews up in most churches or Christians. When Christians practice virtues like equality, trust, faith, mercy and love everybody in the world will be worshipping God. Due to fight for power, money and other forms riches kill, fornicate, or even consult witch doctors thus separating them from God.
Eventually people or Christians are not only living a devilish lifestyle but also die prematurely. According to Wiersbe “Bile Exposition Commentary set volume 1”, people or Christians who trust God for their daily provisions live both a longer and peaceful life (15). Therefore, the above pericope preaches or ministers to both Christians and non-Christians to practice Godly virtues. Thusly, the world will be a better place to be if wealth is not a priority among Christians.
Conclusion In Summary, the book of Matthew is an entity in the bible that preaches the desire of Jesus. Jesus always wanted Christians to practice Faith and trust in God for their everyday survival. Although the pericope is in many translations, the message is the same. The apostles of Jesus were among the early Christians or audience to hear the above pericope. Most of them opted to follow Christ and his preaching and they had to forgo their jobs or family. Contemporarily, few Christians practice the message in the above pericope.
Besides worshipping wealth, they also adore other god apart from the sovereign mainly due to greed. Some even kill or fight due to property ownerships but if they adhere to the message in the above pericope, nobody in the world will die or fight over wealth. Finally, according to the pericope God is the provider of all earthly riches therefore anybody who struggles singly to acquire wealth will end up as a pauper.
Works Cited Musser, Donald. An introduction to the Bible revised edition. Nashville: Abingdon, 2001.
New international Version Bible, 1999. Web. <https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John 4:31-36
Tillich theory of art Term Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Autonomy
Heteronomy and autonomy
The concept and perception of depth in art is the ability of a piece of work to explore more than two dimensions. In narratives it is the ability of a product of art to interrogate and appeal to more than the visible dimension. It is the ability of the narrator to move in and out of several realms of thought and sight.
The extent to which a narrative world appeals to this aspect determines the quality and persistence of the piece of work. The depth dimension functions to inspire a since of ambiguity and length to the narrative (Purves and Lotto 43-58). It develops and sustains a curious interest in its audience which is the basis and object of quality and objectivity in as far as the narration is concerned.
The aspect of depth in art creates a widow for the creator of the piece to develop a several themes from the same piece with the help of more than one dimension. The piece of art therefore sways between moods while maintaining a consistent and tolerable collection of activities and reflections within the piece. (Stiles and Selz 40-56). The depth in a photo for instance inspires a more realistic and believable concept of the photo.
Tillich’s theory is inspired by the general human propensity to consider art as a celebration of the obvious human dignity or in a strict sense an appreciation of human nature and reality. This basic notion has formed the foundation of the works of several other related theorists of Tillich’s era.
Ramachandran and Blakeslee (45-90) for instance based their theory on the hypothesis of brain response to pieces of art. Their research being the first of this nature, gave way to a host of other similar researches that have come to the conclusion that the appreciation of art depends on the constituent elements in the piece of art.
This marks the beginning of Tillich’s argument that the quality of a piece of art relies heavily on its ability to employ the various artistic tools and mechanisms at its disposure. The objective cause of any piece of work is not merely to reflect or masquerade mere reality. This is too simple a task for the complex phenomenon of art that can be articulated by any piece of information or sketch (Heidegger 23-70)
The difference between any piece of information and a work of art is the ability of art to distort, enhance and indeed transcend reality all of which are elements of depth in a piece (Wollheim 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Zeki notes categorically that it is not a mere coincidence that an artist’s ability to distract the irrelevant features such as the depth dimension of his art and vividly describes the irrelevant features is similar and identical to what the relevant aspects have evolved to do.
This in narratives for instance the depth dimension goes an extra mile in transcending reality to serve its actual cause in a more interesting version that has more to offer as compared to a plain realistic piece of work(5-20).
Zekis research on the response of rats showed that if a rat is taught to differentiate a square and a rectangle, with a reward for a rectangle it learns to respond more promptly to the rectangle than the square. Interestingly the response of the rat to a longer rectangle is much higher than to the normal size rectangle (20 -45). This supports the conception of the depth dimension in Tillich’s theory as a tool of cognitive response.
Tillich’s theory of art embraces this aspect of depth by analyzing the role and relevance of depth in artwork. Inspired by the theological mindset and thinking he interrogates the concept of depth in narratives and similar art works and constructs a hypothesis that great art reflects a conscious awareness of the problem associated with the loss of the dimension of depth
Depth as an element of art plays an important role in the definition and translation of the message of the artist. In narratives the depth dimension shapes the content and conveys the message to the audience in a specific line of interest. Since Tillich’s first attempt at this line of thought, there has been very little attention on the issue and this therefore presents an interesting and relevant research gap that I wish to address in my research. I will discuss the importance Tillich’s approach and the relevance it has to various narrator works (Manning 153 -163).
The research takes an idealist metaphysical perspective by interrogating the various aspects of the narrative that appeal to the depth dimension based on Tillich’s philosophy of art.
This functions to evaluate the value and importance of the depth dimension and document the extent to which various narrators of the century vividly or actually employed this tool in the formulation and creation of their pieces of work. This will also allow the contemporary narrators to consider employing and exploiting the value of the depth dimension in their art works.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Tillich theory of art specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Autonomy Tillich’s philosophy defines autonomy as the individual’s compliance with the personal law of reason. This goes entirely contrary to the general reference of autonomy as the individual independence from a law. The ability of a piece of art to resist the imminent concerns of being conditioned to a specific timeline environment or even shape explains the autonomous character of the item of art.
In effect, the ability of a narrative to generate autonomous reason beyond the basic sense of being able to exercise free will in as far as expressing individual and personal opinion but in the rebellious potential of the narrative to engage in a disobedience of authority and defiance of the fundamental structures and rules inspires a depth dimension. An autonomous culture therefore is one that engages a slim relation between the cultural and religious constructs of theoretical and practical rationality.
The narrative builds on an attractive friendly and acceptable character that falls in line with the religious and cultural demands. He is to be contrasted with a rather compliant but autonomous friend who seeks to address a societal injustice of economic imbalance that cannot be solved by mere expression despite his clear freedom to do so in the hope of finding consolation or revival.
Pâpabuddhi therefore chooses to formulate a rebellious plan that would see him cheat his friend Dharmabuddhi into accepting to join hands to earn a fortune. Going against both culture and religion, he cheats his way to the total wealth and fortune by placing the blame on the socially accepted friend and acquires the wealth to himself.
This aspect of the narrative engages the reader into an independent yet rebellious stream of thought that goes towards not only generating a reaction but also developing a layer of the depth dimension and giving the reader another reason to align their interest.
Heteronomy According to Tillich’s philosophy the ability of a piece of art to challenge the independence of autonomous reason and maintain a consistent ability to command constructs beyond the grasp of reality and its shape allows the piece to maintain a margin of consciousness of the depth dimension of a piece of art. The depth dimension is therefore not conceived as a contest between reason and non-reason but as a conflict of reason it’s self.
Heteronomy therefore acts to react to any autonomous sense of reasoning that confines the depth of the piece of art and allows the piece of art to maintain a conscious distance between depth and complexity in a narrative. The engaging conflict of interest between religion and culture for instance challenges the reader’s ability to accommodate a conflict of morals and a choice of evils that in reality is only a matter of a conflict of reasoning.
The narrative engages the reader in a choice of cultural values of honesty and good faith in sharp contrast to the religious autonomous requirements for unfettered loyalty to friends and family. Dharmabuddhi represents the cultural perfection of a good person while his friend is represented as the exact opposite and still the narrator maintains an even impression of close friendship.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tillich theory of art by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This comes in as the first layer of depth and goes to invite the reader to take a stand from the beginning. It creates the first layer of bias by aligning the reader to favor a character in the narrative. The harmony in which Dharmabuddhi and Pâpabuddhi operate and acquire a successful climax develops into the second layer of depth that takes a heteronymous challenge of the ability of two autonomous and independent interest’s ability to cooperate and collaborate to deploy a realistic scene.
The narrative is based on a traditional Indian setting that has religious and cultural ties that work in harmony to motivate the behaviors and attitudes of the society. It centers on the values of two men of different moral standing who are involved treachery. The narrative which is part of a series of Indian fables has a limited since of depth and therefore fails to fundamentally capture the reader or listener due to the straightforward since of narration (Goldstein 120-145).
It however makes attempts to identify with depth by engaging in parables and sayings whose purpose is to diversify the piece to incorporate a variety of other societal conceptions and attributes (Wollheim 456- 490). The narrative transcends the rural and urban setting placing the story on a path of ambition that carries the objective and main themes. The narrative also merges the cultural and theological realms in creating a perspective to the reader.
The narrator makes a conscious identification of the depth dimension by maintaining a margin of safety between the narrator and the reader or listener and the narrator and the reader’s subconscious. This recognition adds value and importance to the narrative and allows the narrator to leave a memorable impression of the story. This research will therefore seek to determine the value that is attached to the depth dimension in any such given narrative or alternative piece of work.
Heteronomy and autonomy The conflict between heteronomy and autonomy in a narrative often forms the climax for the reader and creates the highest point that the depth dimension participates in modeling the narrative.
According to Tillich, this often leads to the destruction of reason, its self and the reaching of a compromise for the acceptance of both autonomy and heteronomy the two aspects bear their own depths that maintain and sustain the long or short-lived climax that often leads to the end of the narrative.
It offers closure to the reader or abandons the reader in order to allow the m to generate their own closures and streams of thought. The narrative therefore bows down to structural laws while still maintaining a close link to the authority and power of its own inexhaustible ground.
Dharmabuddhi clearly loses his share of wealth to the treachery of his friend. The narrative develops the final layer of f depth by ensuring that the reader is frustrated at the eminent danger of termination of the better of the two. It stimulates a conflict of reason that is motivated by injustice and unfairness embodied in the treachery of Pâpabuddhi.
The narrator ensures that a compromise is reaches that settles for the authority of the structural provisions and confines of the autonomous self-interests. It does not mean that it is a just compromise but it settles the conflict anyway. The plan however is not fool proof since Pâpabuddhi is unable to effectively dispose of his accomplice to the treachery. The events that lead to the failing of the plan are partially a contribution of cultural constructs as well as religious interference.
The mimosa tree receives pivot attention as a tool of engaging cultural myth and religious symbolism. It therefore plays a uniting role between these two themes and supports the depth dimension in the narrative. The dialectical blend between these toe concepts allows the narrative to haunt or hurt the reader by breaking a well-established relationship between the reader and Dharmabuddhi
The relevance of this marriage in the contemporary context is that it provides a way forward for the technical reason by exposing the shallow empty and meaningless nature of a narrative without the depth dimension. The harmony between these two constructs ensures that the narrative goes beyond morel teaching by appealing to both the subconscious and sense of reasoning.
It gives the reader a reason to associate and repeat or apply the convictions of the narrative in other situations in real life. It also assures the narrator of attention as well as interest in the narrative from the audience or reader. The emptiness of autonomy alongside the destructive nature of heteronomy forms the attitude and tone of any narrative or contemporary piece of work.
Conclusion Most readers have a general tendency to enjoy narratives that employ a riveting plot that engages reversals revelations alongside innovations in the better part of the reality conception of the storyline. Ashliman’s narrative “Dharmabuddhi and Pâpabuddhi” (1-45) employs a simple plot as the framework and vehicle that conveys and gives substance to the narrative.
This then opens the door to ever-deepening length basic layers of association with the various references resonating with each other in a harmonious dissonance. The depth acts to compete with the attention of the reader from the vivid beginning to the end.
In his theory Tillich proposes that, a good narrative does not just begin to tell the story of a bad person and how bad they are and what bad things they did and how they got caught. It brings in several connected layers of stories and bits of scenes that are allowed to build the final narrative. The theory further recommends that every piece of art must maintain a clear relationship between the heteronymous and autonomous concepts that provide a clear path on which the depth dimension in any piece of work may be developed.
The dialectical interaction between the various factions of a narrative of whichever kind determines to a great extent the chances of success to the audience readers or participants in delivering the objects and propositions of the artwork. According to the theory the depth dimension in a narrative therefore brings together the various antagonisms in the story and blends them in layers of a dimension. The layers in the dimension should therefore connect with each other to bear a concrete sense of completeness.
Work Cited Goldstein, Bruce. Sensation and perception .Pacific Grove CA: Wadsworth. 2002.
Heidegger, Martin. “The Origin of the Work of Art”. Poetry, Language, Thought, Harper Perenniel. 2001. pp 23-70.
Manning, Russell. Tillich’s Theology of Art. ND. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/186998/Tillichs_Theology_of_Art
Purves, Dale and Lotto, Beau. Why We See What We Do: An Empirical Theory of Vision. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates. 2003.
Ramachandran, Vilayanur. and Blakeslee, Sandra. Phantoms in the Brain New York: William Morrow and Co. 1998.
Stiles, Kristine and Selz, Peter. eds., Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art. ND.
Wollheim, Richard. Art and its objects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1980) p.1.
Zeki, Sarah. ‘Art and the brain’, Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 127 (2), pp. 71–104. . Reprinted in Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6 (6–7), pp. 76–96.
Analyzing The Rhetorical Aspect In Dexter Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
The Audience Reception
Dexter’s Character Development: His Vigilante Appeal
Introduction Talk about justice and everybody will refer you to a court of law. However, the administration of justice in the modern legal system is currently lacking hence leaving a lot of doubts to the citizens. A criminal walks scot free after a lengthy trial due to lack of evidence but in reality all he requires to win a case is money to hire the most sought out criminal attorney to represent him and he is back in society.
Fortunately, there is always a proviso to any rule hence the establishment of lawless groups that seek to represent the wronged in society. These vigilante groups, as they are famously known, take law into their own hands in an effort to maintain justice. The lawless persons date back to the old days of Robin Hood and they continue to make headlines to date. They operate within their own set laws and though illegal, they act in the interest of the society.
That was the idea behind the famous American Television series, Dexter. Based on the novel by Jeff Lindsay, the series revolves around a forensic analyst working for a police department in Miami. However, he has another life that greatly contradicts his normal career in the police force.
He is a serial killer who trails criminals who have gotten off the hook from the justice system and murders them. The role is well played by the main character Michael Hall acting as Dexter Morgan. This paper will critically analyze the character development of Dexter throughout the series and how it has been used to draw positive feedback from the audience (Frederic and Vandome 12).
The Plot In order to understand Dexter’s character, it is important to look at the plot. Dexter is a story of Dexter Morgan who appears as an easy going and diligent forensic analyst. His colleagues like him including his boss LaGuerta. Surprisingly, nobody is suspicious of him apart from one colleague, Sergeant Doakes, who claims that Dexter appears creepy. The series begins with a flashback of Dexter living with his adopted father, Harry Morgan.
Dexter began showing some sociopathic signs in his behavior at a tender age. Harry, a legendary detective, takes this opportunity to start training him instead of taking him to a mental institution for help. He justifies his actions by arguing that Dexter needs to avenge his mother’s death who was killed in his presence by cold blooded murderers. The training gives Dexter the ‘know how’ of avoiding the long arm of the law after committing a crime.
He follows a specific code that he refers to as the ‘Code of Harry’ to clear any trail that would link him to the crime. However, Dexter is not an ordinary serial killer that we are used to. He only murders criminals who have escaped the long arm of the law in one way or another. More so, he conducts a detailed investigation on his victim to prove that he was guilty of the crime charged (Owen 3).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Audience Reception In the first episode, Dexter admits that he finds satisfaction in killing a man in a cruel way and be home to receive his letters from the letter man. These are words of a dangerous man but surprisingly, the audience loves him. The audience’s reception towards the series was overwhelming and several arguments can be attributed to this.
Maybe the viewers were tired of watching the usual series with possessed transgressive characters going unpunished or that the series provided a different story line that was morally right to the society, yet unlawful. That has not been established but the series has won numerous awards as a result. Ironically, the audience loves the character Dexter, in spite of his outstanding role as a serial killer.
Dexter’s Character Development: His Vigilante Appeal One would wonder why a dangerous character such as Dexter would receive a high liking from his fans instead of spite. He operates outside the legal jurisdiction and ironically, he works in the same police force that upholds the law. This contradicting character appeals to his audience.
A scene in episode one clearly shows his disregard for the law process when the prosecution fails to prove a case against a criminal due to a faulty search warrant used when searching his house. Dexter finds his way into the suspect’s house to search for leading clues and he exclaims loudly in his thoughts that he is glad he does not have to use a search warrant to find what he wants.
When conducting any investigation, he involves the audience who take sheer pleasure at neglecting all possible hindrances that would be encountered in a normal investigation. The audience is thrilled at his skills of picking up a suspect. The audience believes in Dexter’s intuition.
They sit back and enjoy while Dexter mutilates the body and clears off any evidence. The guilt conscience of the audience is washed away with the notion that Dexter is socially right in his actions and he is just doing what the police would be too scared to do. On the other hand, Dexter always finds sufficient evidence to eliminate the suspect and the audience seem to enjoy the action even more.
Dexter’s character does not allow him to be remorseful after committing a crime. This character allows the audience to adapt to the belief that his actions are right and just. He is not an ordinary criminal.
We will write a custom Essay on Analyzing The Rhetorical Aspect In Dexter specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More e follows a code and his actions are morally right according to the society. In episode 5 for example, Dexter trails and murders Jorge Castillo, a human trafficker who kills people for money (Dexter Wiki 5). His wife, Valerie Castillo who is the husband’s accomplice in carrying out the evil deeds is also eliminated by Dexter.
An investigation conducted at the police department exposes her evil deeds and not even the police officers show any remorse. Most of them are more than willing to shake the killer’s hand. The episode seems to contradict its title, ‘Love American Style’ as there is no love portrayed in the entire series. The episode enhances the belief that even the police department appreciates Dexter’s work and would act the same way if they were not tied by the law.
The public shows their support in the scenario which saw Oscar, one of the witnesses during Castillo’s murder, drawing a sketch of the murderer. He makes a sketch of Jesus in place of Dexter. The hilarious comparison between Jesus and Dexter plays a huge role of convincing the audience that Dexter’s actions are morally right.
Throughout the series, it is apparent to the audience that Dexter has a compassionate character, though he vehemently denies he does. Dexter tries to convince the audience, through the voiceovers that he is not a normal human being but his love for his sister, Deb and his girlfriend, Rita tells a different story.
His attempt to strictly follow the ‘Code of Harry’ is ground enough that he loved his father by doing what would have pleased him if he were still alive.
Nevertheless, Dexter does not seem to recognize his capability of loving and does not even bother to understand it. He hates his victims and he is happy when he has accomplished his goal of eliminating them. The audience seems to relate with Dexter’s unique character. He lost all the love that he would have given to the universe after the death of his mother and who can blame him? The society appreciates the fact that certain circumstances in our lives can twist us to adapt to an unusual way of living.
It also brings to light the two sides that exist in our life, the humane and the monstrous side. The humane is more prominent but both sides should be governed by some sort of ethics. The audience therefore is able to relate to the monstrous side of Dexter due to the fact that it is governed by a moral code unlike other serial killers (DePaulo and Wilson 12).
The failure by the police department to make a connection shared by Dexter and his audience justifies the vigilante action. This is evident throughout the series and especially in the first episode when Doakes accuses a rival dealer for double homicide. He is proved wrong when Dexter conducts his private investigation and unearths the dealer’s ex girlfriend as the culprit, nullifying Doakes’ earlier investigation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analyzing The Rhetorical Aspect In Dexter by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The ice truck killer incidence on the other hand faults the police department who are convinced that the innocent man was guilty (Dexter Wiki 7). This was not until Dexter exposed the real killer hence saving the innocent man’s life. These episodes win the audience’s hearts as it is clear that the police department puts innocent people behind bars. They support the vigilante actions taken by Dexter to uncover the truth.
What stands out is the audience’s preference of Dexter’s character which by any standard is worse than other characters in the series. A good example is Rita’s husband Paul who the audience fiercely despises. Paul is very abusive, an action that makes Rita miserable. Dexter’s character is worse than Paul’s but the audience root for Dexter (Larson 13).
Critical Reception Though Dexter’s character enjoys a wide range of support from his fans, it is not free from criticism. Critics argue that the reason behind Dexter liking is his provocative nature that makes him appealing. They argue that the series has a high female audience who enjoy watching a sweet and handsome man doing what he does best.
The notion is that females are attracted to handsome bad men. The character has also been criticized for encouraging actual crimes in the society. The recent murder by Mark Twitchell is connected to the character of Dexter. Mark stated that he related to Dexter Morgan. Another culprit, Andrew Conley, stated that he felt like a ‘Dexter’ and he had killed his victim using one of the methods used by Dexter to eliminate his victims (Greene, Reisch and Robinson 24)
Conclusion The series takes a different turn from the usual crime series such as Law and Order and CSI Miami. These series relies only on the police department to uncover a suspect. They are characterized with major hindrances as they have to follow the legal procedures put in place to deal with a suspect.
This is not the case with Dexter which gives him multiple options to seek justice. The audience justifies Dexter’s action by proclaiming that the death of the criminals is ‘Good riddance to bad rubbish’. The series is captivating and sure to make you glued to the seat and engage in the investigation process.
Works Cited DePaulo, Bella and Wilson, Leah. The Psychological of Dexter. USA: BenBella Books Inc., 2010. Print.
Dexter Wiki. Dexter Showtime. www.dexter.wikia.com. 2 August 2011. Print.
Frederic, Miller, Vandome, Agnes and McBrewster. Dexter (TV Series): Dramatic Programming, Pay Television 23 Showtime 26 Dexter Morgan, Michael C. Hall, Serial Killer, Miami Police Department, Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, Emmy Award. New York: Alphascript Publishing. 2010. Print.
Greene, Richard, Reisch, George and Robinson, Rachel. Dexter and Philosophy. New York: Open Court Publishing, 2011. Print.
Larson, Chase. TV: Darkly Dreaming Dexter: Why We Root For A Serial Killer.
Rhombus Online Magazine. 9 February 2011. www.rhombusmag.com/tv/tv-darkly-dreaming-dexter-why-we-root-for-a-serial-killer. 2 August 2011. Print.
Owen, Rob. TV Review: ‘Dexter’ is dark humor in shades of gray. Pittsburg Post Gazette. 29 September 2006. www.post-gazette.com. 3 August 2011. Print.
Analyzing the role of Virgin Mary in empowering women in Christianity and Islam Essay essay help online
The mass media has always been one of the most powerful tools that shape the opinions of the society concerning certain issues that are of critical importance. This is because the mass media is one of the most powerful agents of socialization as it has the ability to remain in the cognitive processes of the actors, hence influence how they act and interpret the phenomenon.
Thus, mass media shapes what the society is by presenting various aspects such as cultural attributes. However, the media is sometimes biased towards what is considered ideal. This paper seeks to examine the representation of women in the American media. The paper will seek to answer pertinent questions as to whether the representation of women in the American media is biased or it reflects the ideal picture of the American women.
To effectively understand how women are presented in the American media, the paper examines the work of Douglas who retraces her life so that she can bring across how the media presents the American women.
Central to her ideas is that the way the media portrays women is not influenced by the popular cultures that govern women behavior, but the media creates this popular culture that determines behavior. This is done by popularizing what the media considers to be the ideal form of a woman. Due to its huge influence as an agent of socialization, the media further influences women to adapt to this ideal types and thus alters the general view of women.
In the contemporary popular media especially in the advertisement industry, it is evident that what Douglas, (45) views as the setting of the popular belief by the mass media exists as media campaigns give what is thought to be the ideal character of a woman. This induces a mental evaluation process that affects the way women think as they evaluate for themselves how far they are from the ideal types from the ideal type.
Such campaigns have been vital in influencing various issues in the female gender such as the walking styles, styles of dressing as well as hair dressing styles. Therefore, women are either consciously or unconsciously encouraged to strive towards this ideal type due to the popular images that are created by the mass media.
The role of the American media in shaping the cultural identity of women has led to what Douglas refers to as a contradiction of cultures as the influences of the media over the generations have been changing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In comparisons of how media has influenced the cultural identity of women over time, Douglas (48) notes that the influences of the media during the baby boomers was totally different from the influence of the same towards women’s cultural identity during the era of generation X.
Therefore, she concludes that the media has led to a confused identity in women, a fact that has resulted to culture shocks and cultural diversities among women of different generations.
According to Douglas, while the media concentrated on what women could do and what they could not do during the baby boomers, the media of generation X started to focus on the abilities of women and how women can work just like men can. This led to an ideological shift from viewing a woman as a home caretaker and the concept of modernized woman took the center stage.
Examining the role of the media in the 1960s, Douglas notes that the rise of the ideal modern woman ideology forced many women to strive towards achieving this status. The media played a crucial role during this era as various female oriented programs in the audiovisual and the print media focused on the socially constructed ideal woman.
The emphasis of the modern woman in the media further created the urge for millions of the maturing girls to fit into the new social fitting as they felt that they required being that ideal woman of the television. Going by such cases, the media has had a tremendous role in shaping how women view themselves and how they act towards this ideal type.
According to Douglas, (78), the role of media gained influence towards women liberation in the sixties as thousands of baby boomers entered teenage hood.
During this era, television programs such as “I Dream of Jeannie” which portrayed various roles of women took center stage in influencing the cognitive processes of the teenage girls. The influence of the media towards the female cognitive processes further aided the rise of the “pre-feminist agitation” as they were not only cautionary, but also libratory.
We will write a custom Essay on Analyzing the role of Virgin Mary in empowering women in Christianity and Islam specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, the media struggled to show that the women had the power to liberate themselves to what appeared to be unfavorable cultural restrictions compared to their male counterparts. As feminism gained center stage, the treatment of the media towards this movement turned to be one of the most critical ways that the media influenced women identity.
Women have also been portrayed in a sexual manner by the television and other elements of the media. The emphasis of feminine traits in the media and the popular dressing has been portrayed in a manner that has been considered sexual by many critics.
Some media programs have been accused of making women appear as though they are sex objects as they emphasize on the need to dress in a manner that has been considered seductive. The contemporary media has also portrayed women as though they are judged more on their physical attributes as opposed to their inner attributes.
This have led to women focusing more on their physical attributes as opposed to their inner attributes such as taking advantage of their mental capacity. Such misrepresentation of the image of the American woman by the television has been detrimental to the women folk especially the young generation women as they have been consciously fed that their physical image is their main drivers for attention and recognition.
In conclusion, Douglas manages to show that the role of the media in shaping the cultural identity of women cannot be underscored. Having taken her analysis for a period of approximately four decades, Douglas, clearly shows how the media influenced different stages of women liberation and how this different generational stages affected the conceptualization of women hood by the media and conversely by the women themselves.
The media helped to shape the atmosphere for feminism and the concept of women liberation and the quest for gender equity. The media has constantly influences how women view themselves due to the “ideal” mental pictures it creates. The media popularizes certain desired standards of a woman making many women focus towards that ideal type.
The end result of such a pursuit has been women identity that has been shaped by the media as opposed to a society that has specific needs to address. Nevertheless, the media has played a crucial role in shaping gender identity of women.
Work Cited Douglas, Susan. Where the Girls Are. Three Rivers Press. New York: Three Rivers Press. 1995.
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American History Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction Everyone dreams of living the American dream. In fact, America is one of the most envied nations in the world. Its constitution, way of life, and the opportunities it offers to its people are favorable. No wonder it is the world super power and has resources to marshal troops in various stations throughout the world.
In addition, it protects the interest of its citizens and even citizens of other countries out of good will. Countries cannot manage such status without adequate resources. It is for this reason that everyone wants to set his or her foot in the United States.
The country is sometimes described as a land of opportunity and freedom, where anyone willing to work hard can get ahead and make a comfortable life for them and their family. In other words, if someone becomes poor in the United States, then this is usually pegged on his/her own shortcomings. This, paper will review these claims with reference to Barbara Ehrenreich’s Nickel and Dimed, On (Not) Getting By in America. It will also endeavor to relate Ehrenreich’s experiences with the same claims (Ehrenreich 42).
Nickel and Dimed, On (Not) Getting By in America This is a story by Barbara Ehrenreich on how she tries to relate expenses to earnings for a minimum wage worker. Ehrenreich explores how Americans that earn the lowest wages survive in a country where they form the largest sector.
To ensure that her writings are non-factious and provides the best case scenario, Ehrenreich decides to try this by herself. She does this in an effort to present the plight of most workers throughout United States. In fact, according to her, these conditions are unlivable and can be referred to as another form of servant class (although not official).
Throughout her story, Ehrenreich poses a hypothetical question regarding survival concerns that face many Americans working on minimum wages. These include expenses that permanently exceed their income, and wants that cannot be met. Ultimately, the desire to live a better life knocks every day. In this regards she takes the unusual role of an undercover, trying to make ends meet through lower class struggles. In addition, she does it in three different states.
Ehrenreich decided to do an inside report after her lunch with Lewis Lapham. In her assignment, Ehrenreich hopes to survive on a minimum wage job for one month, which includes paying for her rent and transport.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In essence, she tries to find out if minimum wages can match expenses at the end of the month. This proves unsuccessful in all her three attempts. At first, the people around her try to discourage the option of actually moving to the level of low class lifestyle. However, out of her misgivings, she decides to go through the actual hardship.
He first month starts in Florida, which is very close to her home. Here, she finds rooms to be expensive in Key West and opts to move 30 miles away. She then finds a job as a waitress, but the wages are inadequate, so she decides to add another job to this by becoming a maid. Handling the two jobs becomes tiresome and demanding physically. She therefore fails in her first assignment.
In her second assignment, Ehrenreich goes to Maine, where she finds it difficult to survive again. Some of the reasons being, she could not survive on one job. This meant that she had to do one or more jobs for sustainability. The jobs she found in Maine were house cleaning and nursing-home aide.
In addition, these jobs were physically demanding, and for that reason, she had to quite Maine too. The last assignment took her to Minnesota, where she was quite lucky to find a job as a Wall-Mart salesperson. It is through these experiences that she found out that jobs considered as lowliest also exhaust peoples’ physical and mental efforts. Moreover, she found out that one needed not only one, but also two or more jobs to survive under a roof (Ehrenreich 2).
What do Ehrenreich’s experiences say about these claims?
These claims are completely rubbished by Ehrenreich’s experiences. In fact, the mere fact that a single job cannot sustain one makes it even more difficult for people to believe that this is manageable. In essence, speaking exclusively for the low income group, hard work, in accordance with Ehrenreich’s experiences, would not guarantee a rise from poverty.
In fact, several indications point out to the fact that these groups would remain in the same situation for the rest of their lives. To this extent, it is possible to concur with Ehrenreich that these conditions are unlivable and can be referred to as another form of servant class.
What obstacles do people at the bottom of the economic order face?
There are several reasons that can peg one in his financial state for the rest of his or her life. These include laziness, personal content, inadequate opportunities, capping, which may be introduced through minimum wages, among others.
We will write a custom Essay on American History specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this book, more emphasis is put on work related obstacles such as the minimum wage that is inadequate for survival, working conditions as well as inadequate opportunities for further growth, among others. In essence, just as Ehrenreich calls it, these conditions are unlivable and can be referred to as another form of servant class (although not official). This makes it look like a form of capping that ensures they remain poor forever.
How has poverty become not a temporary but a permanent condition for many Americans?
Under these conditions of work, with poor transportation facilities and healthcare resources, people are unable to live healthy lives. In fact, all they earn are consumed without much left to plan with for their future.
Consequently, they have to struggle to survive. No wonder, the government has various mechanisms for providing subsidies to families and individuals to help sustain them. Essentially, with such conditions of works, people are poised to remain poor throughout their lives (Ehrenreich 12).
Conclusion It is known that America is a land of opportunity and freedom, where anyone willing to work hard can get ahead and make a comfortable life for them and their family. In other words, if someone becomes poor in the United States, then this is usually pegged on his/her own shortcomings.
This may be true to different classes of economy, but definitely untrue when it comes to the minimum wage workers. Earnings of between $6 and $7 per hour are quite inadequate as compared to their monthly needs and expenses. In essence, they have to survive by doing more than one job. These claims are therefore untrue when implied for low class economies (Ehrenreich 22).
Work Cited Ehrenreich, Barbara. “Nickel and Dimed, On (Not) Getting By in America”. Holt Paperbacks, 2008.
The Role of Public Service Commission in Canada Essay a level english language essay help
Introduction The role of Public Service Commission in Canada has experienced considerable change over the years in the process of providing professional services, and at the same time safeguarding merit within its scope of service. Human resource has also experienced modernization through various employment Acts. However, there are various issues and trends influencing the operational and legislative impact of Public Service Commission which cannot be treated in isolation to the whole issue (PSC 2).
The commission should endeavor in fulfilling its mandate on protecting and promoting merit within the government. In addition to these, Canada has had difficult time dealing with issues concerning liberal democracy within its political boundaries. Various policies have always been enacted by the government which acts as potential guidelines towards fulfilling as well as enhancing government mandates (Whitaker 54).
Outline and assess the scope of public sector employment in Canada. What are the main issues facing the federal government with respect to personnel policy and how well do you believe the federal government is organized to manage its personnel responsibilities?
The public sector employment in Canada has undergone significant changes regarding human resources. The public service has been on a hiring trend looking for large numbers of young men, Canadian citizens, with vast skills and interests in various fields of service.
The Canadian government is currently interested in the young generation having management skills and interested in working with federal public service commission. The young professionals are considered to have potential abilities which could be utilized by the government in designing policies suitable for meeting future needs of Canadians (Johnson 619-621).
One of the main issues facing the federal government with respect to personnel policy is the issue on merit, politics and disparity on socio-economic activities. Professionalization of the public service requires the government to provide necessary services which calls for the existence of pro-active skills capable of utilizing the available services. In response, the government tried to establish merit system within the public service in its provinces starting with Saskatchewan (Johnson 619-621).
Several current and impending challenges affect the PSC in the process of implementing their role as policy makers. Public Service Commission is endowed with the responsibility of being both managers and overseers on policies and programs regarding the running of government departments. The shift within the Human Resource landscape was recognized by some commissions as far as 1979, this brought about several discussions within subsequent years on the issues meant to determine necessary regulations amongst employees.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These included flexibility, roles and responsibilities as well as efficiencies. There is growing trend on the issues involving scarcity of talent and leadership as a result of issues such as; the aging workforce, shifting focus on the emotional status of workers and increase in the number of operations worldwide 9(3-6).
Canada is known to have high number of post-secondary graduates; this is because of the country’s strength in formulation of education policies. Despite strength in literacy level, it’s noted that Canada lags behind when it comes to technical and advanced level of education amongst the population.
Despite the positive trend in the economic recovery, there has been little imbalance caused by wholesale migration of the population towards the Western region of the country. Challenge would be experienced on the issues concerning computer and information technology which currently tends to shape-up the level of interactions both at personal and across business networks.
Such adoption has brought dramatic change within various places of work since every department is styling up to catch up with the rest of the world. There is also the issue on stakeholders forming alliances for the purposes of addressing various shortcomings within the employment sector. This has made it difficult for the government to coordinate issues between them and the private sector since there are more bodies involved (PSC 7-8).
The other issue facing the federal government concerns the cultural diversity within Canadian major cities such as Toronto. This has contributed to creation of disharmony within the work places on issues such as religion and languages hence putting the government on task of creating policies meant to reconcile such diversity.
There is also the issue on demographic crisis where the rate of labor entrants is lower than that of departures. Federal public service is currently leading in the number of employers, hence with the current trend, is facing difficulties on the issues concerning recruitment and retention of employees. The level of imbalance within the workplaces is expected to create differential attitudes amongst employees.
The young generation appears so much self-centered concerning their various jobs since they believe in mentorship, training and creation of job opportunities by the government. Such cultural trend has been so much entrenched within the Canadian working population hence calling for the government to review its major policies (PSC 9).
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of Public Service Commission in Canada specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The level of unpreparedness of the government concerning employment issues is clearly revealed on the level of insecurity within companies. According to employer surveys, companies are realigning their pay packages for the purposes of retaining generation Y workers since there is less inflow from the millennial.
However, apart from employing young generation, there is need for revising policies which could help in attracting mid-career professionals (PSC 10). The federal government pushed for every reason to remove the laws granting powers to public sector unions on organizing strikes concerning their employment rights.
However, for quite some time the numbers of unionized members have been falling drastically. This has been followed by potential shift in the structure guarding the labor market which results in continual erosion on values safeguarding organized labor amongst the employees. Despite these, the federal government is not doing much to bridge the gap on financial security between government and private workers.
The federal government is also facing the crisis on funding pensions due to certain factors such as economic downturn. Other factors include increase in the number of pensioners, stagnation experienced on the long-term interest rates and low return on the countries assets (PSC 12). There is notable decline in ethics within various government sectors which has seen considerable decline of public trust towards the government.
However, the public sector has experienced improvement due to the job losses within the private sector as a result of economic downturn. There is significant corporate greed as well as poor management within the government departments which led to poor drive on interest on professions within the public service professions. Tension exists between the government and the methods of governance which tends to foster for open policy creation processes, contrary to the traditional management practices (PSC 34).
There has not been any clear evidence showing the level of federal government’s engagement in the full transformation on the basic roles within PSC. The government has been so much motivated by their short-term goals on cutting the budget rather than focusing on long-term goals based on transforming the nature of the government (Johnson 561).
Why have successive governments attempted to limit the influence of bureaucrats during the policy-making process? What methods were used to counteract this influence? Were they successful?
Bureaucrats as opposed to politicians are directly involved in the process of policy formulation but are not under any obligation to answer to the public concerning these policies. The responsibility of being answerable to the public concerning policies is instead vested on the politicians (Whitaker 54). The issue is also linked to democracy since bureaucrats were believed to involve themselves in shaping some public policies secretly.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Role of Public Service Commission in Canada by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bureaucrats were also associated with various forms of unethical behaviors such as corruption as well as inefficiency in performance. They are known to have great command on information which forms vital area within policy making process, and this tend to ignore opinions of senior government officials.
This makes bureaucrats have the freedom to impose their own policy preferences without consulting the government. Such process creates confusion on the necessary changes desired by the government concerning a policy during implementation process. They have great influence on shaping policy outcome and implementation since their contributions can never be ignored (Whitaker 59).
To limit such influence the government resorted to the use of middle-class movements which were aimed at reducing the powers and influence of the bureaucrats. The move created freedom within the government administrative circles since it was deprived of any political influence. Creation of various boards and commissions helped in the smooth running of government functions since politicians were no longer involved (Johnson and Molloy 203-223).
The nature of appointments also changed whereby merit system was adopted hence assisted in eliminating favoritism and bias amongst the political class. Another mechanism used was establishing counterweight endowed with the responsibility of giving political policy advice which would neutralize bureaucratic influence (Whitaker 60-61).
The government applied the use of private-sector management which assisted in controlling markets providing better regulation conditions as compared to bureaucratic systems. This intervention launched by conservatives did not work well since it only contributed towards lowering of bureaucrats’ status on influence but never led to total elimination of bureaucracy within government. They discovered that their aim on reducing bureaucracy through this method required more of it to achieve the purpose.
There was also the introduction of the chief of staff around every minister serving in the government, this aimed at assisting ministers in political administration within their various departments. The idea also proved unsuccessful since they did not represent any formal role within the ministries (Whitaker 62-63).
To reduce the high level of command bureaucrats had over information, the government tried to prevent departments from exposing their various policy papers. This was aimed at making it easy for the ruling political party to impose any policy of their interest on individuals. While the bureaucrats had knowledge on policy formulation and identification of various errors within policies, the politicians did not, hence the idea proved ineffective (Whitaker 65).
What were the reactions to the recommendations of the Gomery Report? Why did critics believe the recommendations would have a negative impact on government and the public service? Why did the Harper government reject key recommendations in the Report? What initiatives did the Harper government enact in response to the Report?
In relation towards Commissioner Gomery’s recommendations the Liberals decided to come up with some restrictions and their own regulations concerning the manner in which the government was to conduct business.
Their aim was to corner the government whereby they directed that the bureaucrats were not to be entrusted with any issue before weighing the quality of their characters. This resulted into high level of mistrust within the government lowering the morale of workers hence dwindled the efforts of restructuring the relationship between politicians and bureaucrats (Whitaker 68-69).
Critics believed that the recommendations would bring chaos within the government and the public service since there was little truth in them. They believed the recommendations were baseless since they only covered false relations to the problem they were to address.
According to critics the recommendations would grant politicians an illegal upper hand which would grant them powers to manipulate government systems for the purposes of achieving self ulterior motives (Whitaker 69). At the same time part of the recommendations seem to promote mistrust between ministers and their assistants.
The report brought sharp divide amongst the academicians with the non-partisans arguing that the recommendations would fuel bad relations between the politicians and the bureaucrats. They argued that the report deemed to represent a clear departure from the manner in which Canadian federal government should function, hence could be very detrimental to the public.
They solidly opposed the issue on the report which sought to increase the powers of unelected public officials above that of ministers. This was viewed by the critics as a means of damaging the nature of accountability which existed within various departments concerning management and administrative issues. There was no clear demarcation within the report on issues concerning politics, policies, administration and issues concerning management (Whitaker 71-72).
Harper government rejected key recommendations in the report since they contributed towards diminishing the political power of the bureaucrats and at the same time did not grant recognition towards the chain of accountability within the cabinet. There was no firm line within the report that separated bureaucrats from elected officials and also the report sought to reduce the political control of the prime minister of senior public servants.
Part of the key recommendations contradicted with the stated conservative rules. This could be seen within the part of the report which supported greater autonomy and accountability for the bureaucrats which contradicted governing philosophies of the Harper Conservatives (Whitaker 72).
In response to the Report Stephen Harper’s government established itself with clear focus and control over all its businesses. Harper government revealed its impatience with policies within the report which did not consider Conservative views. The government was strongly committed in imposing conservative policy agendas which acted as source of neutralization to Gomery recommendations. He ensured that all departments within the government operated fully under conservative objectives (Whitaker 72-73).
Conclusion Federal public service remains to be Canada’s largest employer despite changes which might occur within other government departments. Canada is faced with the threat of shrinking native population giving way to new immigrants within the employment sector. This has given rise to so many issues and trends within the workplaces which ultimately affect the normal operations of the public service.
Tensions experienced within the PSC could well be handled by the Privy Council Office which is a body concerned with crisis management (Johnson and Molloy 203-223). Concerning political administration, there is great importance in delegating roles based on government’s policies, rules and regulations to avoid unnecessary conflicts.
Works Cited Johnson, David. “Thinking Government: Ideas, Policies, Institutions, and Public Sector Management in Canada”. (2nd Ed.).Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004
What the U.S should do in Afghanistan Research Paper essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
What the U.S should do in Afghanistan
Introduction Terrorism is certainly one of the greatest threats to international security, peace, and stability. It is one of the main challenges facing the international community since the end of Cold War, which threatened to plunge countries back to devastating warfare like First and Second World Wars. Consequently, the international community, led by the world’s dominant power, the USA, and its allies has staged a serious war against terrorism (Bergen and Gelb Para. 4).
The menace of terrorism has forced the U.S, and its allies, to step up the fight against terrorism by sending military expeditions and intelligence personnel to countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. These countries are believed to be the operational bases from where terrorist groups like al-Qaeda and Taliban plan and execute their heinous acts.
There has been an important and at the same time, an interesting debate, on what the U.S should do in Afghanistan after ten years of military action against Taliban and other terrorist outfits. While the US government appears to be convinced that appropriate time to leave Afghanistan has not come, some commentators, foreign policy experts, a considerable section of the media, and a considerable number of scholars propose that the U.S should leave Afghanistan now.
Nevertheless, the US should continue with its mission in Afghanistan until such a time when it will be convinced that terrorist groups are not in control of Afghanistan and do not have chances of re-seizing power from civilians and a legitimate Afghan government in the future.
What the U.S should do in Afghanistan The U.S and its allies are the main target of the madness of hatred perpetrated by terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda and Taliban. Unfortunately, more innocent and poor people have lost their lives and thousands have been wounded severely as terrorists attack with an aim of killing Americans and citizens from its allied countries, especially the Britain.
For example, during the 1998, Al Qaeda bombings in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar el Salaam, Tanzania, at the American embassies in those two countries, hundreds of non-American Kenyan and Tanzanian citizens died and thousands incurred life-threatening injuries (Daily Nation Para.6). From a foreign policy point of view, as well as the need to maintain international peace and security, there are sound reasons that back the continued stay of the US and its allies’ military troops in Afghanistan.
First, the Taliban insurgency, which is, essentially, a misogynist group of ignorant, chauvinistic, and intolerant gangsters if left unrestrained, will provide a safe ground from which al-Qaeda will plan to execute their wicked deeds against innocent, unarmed civilians especially the Americans (Bergen and Gelb Para.4).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the Afghan War is a war that is worth fighting and important to protection of not only Americans and their properties, but also other people within the international community who easily get hurt by terrorists’ unjustified violent acts directed towards the US and its allies. Second, an unrestrained Taliban can now easily take over control of Afghanistan’s eastern and southern regions and possibly the entire country in the absence of the U.S and the international military forces.
This line of argument is anchored on the fact that, the Afghan government and its ninety thousands-men army are very weak to withstand a serious rebellious challenge from Taliban’s fighters, a reality that is also acknowledged by some Afghan senior government officials. It is hard to win the fight against terrorism overnight. The Taliban outfit in Afghanistan, with the material support from anti-American elements in Pakistan, is strong and calls for plausible strategy to tackle.
The ability of an enemy to fight back harder is not necessarily an indication that the important war against the menace of terrorism and anarchy in Afghanistan is unwinnable. In fact, it is safe to argue that, the U.S military forces and allies continued stay in the south East Asian region coupled with intensified intelligence has started to bear fruits in the war against terrorism.
Following the victorious killing of al-Qaeda leader, Osama bin Laden, in one of the most magnificent manhunt story in contemporary history of humanity testifies of the fruits of the war against terrorism (Klein Para. 12). Thirdly, the available evidence shows that, Afghans, especially the unarmed peace-loving ones, favor the U.S military presence in their country.
For example, an opinion poll conducted by the BBC in 2009 showed that, over sixty-three percent of Afghans favored the U.S military presence in Afghanistan. Therefore, the U.S should continue intensifying the fight against Taliban and Al-Qaeda while at the same time assisting the Afghan government and its army to strengthen itself in preparation for unavoidable future governance challenges.
Afghanistan is in a turbulent transition period, which is accompanied by many socio-economic and political challenges that can be a serious impediment to peace in not only Afghanistan, but also in the whole of South East Asia and to a successful fight against terrorism.
Abrupt departure of the US and international military forces would open up Afghanistan to the reappearance of renewed Taliban military campaigns. Most probably, the al-Qaeda would like to revenge by killing more Americans because of the premature death of their leader, Osama bin Laden, in early May this year.
We will write a custom Research Paper on What the U.S should do in Afghanistan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The dialogue method is crucial in persuading the Taliban to end military campaigns and accept the constitution; nevertheless, the role of a competent and reliable third party in sealing of any possible peace deal, now and in future, cannot be underestimated.
Right now, it is dangerous to give in to Taliban promises that an exit of the Western troops will make them end their unjustified military campaigns. Furthermore, entertaining the thought of sharing power with an illegal armed band that can hardly uphold any single article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is tantamount to throwing basic human rights of the poor innocent Afghans to dogs (Foley and Oates Para.16).
Therefore, the U.S should continue with its mission to Afghanistan and even consider approving the 2009 proposal by President Obama’s administration to increase military troops in Afghanistan (Bergen and Gelb Para.15).
In any case, Obama is concerned that he would be blamed in case of a terrorist attack following a quick withdrawal of the US military troops at this moment when all is clear that Al-Qaeda might revenge, the unceremonial death and burial of Osama, by killing more Americans (Bergen and Gelb Para.17).
The US and her allies should then continue to watch vigilantly for any possible terrorist attacks while in Afghanistan while at the same time create an environment that is conducive to meaningful negotiations that involve relevant global actors like the United Nations among others (Atal Para.19).
In short, the US and its allies should take more time to put in place any possible measures that can help Afghanistan people transit into a peaceful country capable of undertaking sustainable nation building processes without dangers of slipping back into anarchy through Taliban control.
Given that a considerable percentage of Afghans, as indicated by recent news opinion polls, favor the US military presence in their country, it is arguable that the majority will not ready to tolerate ‘Stone Age’ governance styles of the Taliban any more (Foley and Oates Para.6).
The benefits won so far from the U.S and allies’ intervention in Afghanistan especially with regard to safeguarding rights of women and girls, should be safeguarded to the bitter end, regardless of the cost in terms of financial resources. The benefits are an indication that the war against Taliban, and by extension terrorism, is winnable.
Not sure if you can write a paper on What the U.S should do in Afghanistan by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Currently, even though women and girls continue to languish in dehumanizing conditions, hundreds of thousands of women and girls are in school; therefore, there is hope for an even a brighter future for them. Their slow but sure emancipation from the largely patriarchal and unjust domination by men, under Taliban control, should be the beacon of hope that the fight against the Taliban is winnable in the near future (Foley and Oates Para.6).
The US should, therefore, complete the work of assisting Afghans repossess their country from Taliban, and spearhead the fight against terrorism by destabilizing terrorist hideouts and safe havens in South East Asian countries. The US must appreciate the fact that, they came to finish that fight irrespective of the unavoidable challenges that have come their way and will continue to emerge in the future.
Conclusion In a recap, the US should continue with its mission of stumping out the Taliban from Afghanistan by putting in place measures that will minimize chances of Afghans slipping back to anarchy. The achievements realized so far, like assisting Afghans to elect a government and give the majority of women and girls their dignity and integrity, should be the beacon of the hope that the US and its allies will defeat Taliban and terrorism in the end.
Works Cited Atal, Subodh. “At a Crossroads in Afghanistan: Should the United States Be Engaged in Nation Building?” CATO Institute, 2003. Web.
Bergen, Peter, and Gelb, Leslie. “Two Arguments for What to Do in Afghanistan.” Time, 2009. Web.
Daily Nation. Nairobi bomb blast mastermind is dead, 2011. Web.
Foley, Conor, and Oates, Lauryn. “What should we do in Afghanistan?” The Guardian, 2008. Web.
Klein, Kent. “Obama Announces Death of Osama bin Laden.” Voice of America, 2011. Web.
Where the Girls Are by Susan Douglas. Book review. Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
The media has had a lot of effects on women based on various perceptions. Douglas cuts out an analysis on how the media has been portraying women in the last few years. In this case, she argues that it has been showing different images of women yet they do not reflect popular values.
As far as she is concerned, these images create certain values by portraying them as ideal (meaning that all women should emulate them). This means that all women should strive to be what is being portrayed by the images that they see through the media. American women have been fed with many images thereby conflicting their desires, aspirations and opinions. In this case, they have been exposed to conflicting images as time goes by.
As a matter of fact, the media has played a big role in creating certain values in the society through the images that they show. It should be known that there are occasions where these images have left women confused on what the society expects of them (Douglas, 1995, p. 30). This is as far as their aspirations and relationship with different members of their family is concerned.
It should be known that these images have been changing as time goes by over the last few decades. Uncertainty that has been created and seen as time goes shows and proves that images have been changing. There are various aspects of these images that have changed in relation to societal trends and needs.
In this case, a single image can portray and send mixed signals. The most notable changes in images have been seen in pop culture because it is always changing in relation to social and economic imperatives (Douglas, 1995, p. 48). This means that images have changed to incorporate shifting trends in societal and economical aspects. In this case, the needs of the society have changed drastically as time goes by based on various parameters.
This has therefore seen the media responding to such changes through the images that they show. Americas’ broadcast journalism has changed a lot in relation to various technological advancements which implies that images have also changed in a broad way. People relate to mass media through the images that they see which has made it (media) to be creative.
As a matter of fact, these images have also been changed in relation to new fashion trends. This means that they have changed for the better based on how the media represents them. By portraying certain images as ideal, the media has tried to be up to date with what the society wants. Some characters and aspirations have been shown in these images in various forms.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is undeniable that images have changed over the last decade in a broad way based on the structure and needs of our society and what different people want to put forward. The media has a motive behind most of these images and this means that they will be made appealing to reach to a wide audience.
It should be known culture changes based on current needs of the society which creates different trends. The most notable area where images have changed drastically can be seen in fashion (Douglas, 1995, p. 23). This is what Douglas refers to as conflicting images based on various competing interests. We are in a competitive world meaning that changes will be seen everywhere.
The images that are shown by the media have helped to establish gender equality in a broad way. This is based on the fact that images that are shown by American Televisions do not in any way reflect popular values. Gender equality has been established through these images by creating a generation of women who are enlightened on various issues that revolve around their lives in the society.
Through these images, women have been in a position to find a voice of their own thereby creating a feminist movement. This has been achieved through the creation of values that will look ideal to these women. In the process, women have strived to match what is being portrayed in such images by voicing their concerns (Douglas, 1995, p. 67).
Most images that are seen on American television end up inspiring women to be successful by all means thereby defying popular values. In this case, according to Douglas, it can be confidently said that these images have helped to establish gender equality. As much as there are occasions where images have left women uncertain on what they want and what the society expects of them, it has enhanced equality because they can stand up to claim their rights.
Women have their own desires but the society has not been giving them a chance to express themselves but through images in the media, the pursuit to fulfill their expectations has been renewed and rejuvenated. This means that they have been inspired to compete with men without fear based on other successful stories of women who have made it by defying all odds.
As a matter of fact, Douglas refers to images of successful women who have made it in life as a reference point. A woman’s right to a voice has been reinforced by different images that continually send mixed signals. In this case, we have different personalities and this means that we will receive messages differently. All this withstanding, women have received such mixed signals differently, thereby being inspired to compete with men in equal measure (Douglas, 1995, p. 134).
We will write a custom Essay on Where the Girls Are by Susan Douglas. Book review. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These images have shaped different women’s opinion thereby transforming their lives. Gender equality could not be achieved without such images because Douglas traces experiences by relating to movements. People grow in different cultures and this gives them an experience that ultimately shapes their lives. This means that as women have been shaped positively, they have desired to have a say in the society.
The feminist movement advocates for a lot of gender equality which can be seen through the images that have been shown on American Television. This is in relation to shifting social and economic aspects that show the reality of our society. Gender equality has been enhanced in a great way because images have had an impact on different women’s self- perception.
In this case, it is undeniable that women have changed in a great way and this is as far as their lives are concerned (Douglas, 1995, p. 174). There are women who have emerged to compete with men in different areas like business, politics, leadership and others. This has not changed by sheer coincidence but through images that have been shown by the media. In this case, the media has presented and represented different perceptions that have instilled confidence in women.
A brilliant defense of feminism has been spearheaded by the media through different forums. Women relate to the complex stream of images in the media in a unique way and this has given them an insightful exploration. In the long run, we can say that images have helped to establish gender equality in the society.
Reference List Douglas, S. (1995). Where the Girls Are: Growing Up Female with the Mass Media. New York: Three Rivers Press.
Saint Augustine of Hippo Essay college essay help online
Christened Augustine at birth in Tagaste on November 384, St Augustine of Hippo was born to Patricius and Monica. His father, Patricius grew up as a pagan and one of the curiales of their city until his wife’s Christianity, coupled with her virtuous ways, pushed him into conversion and baptism into Christianity before he died in North Africa.
He had quite an uneventful youth marred only by an episode of stealing pears (Appleton 67). Augustine received a Christian education at the local catechumens where he reports to have learnt about the divine providence, a future with terrible sanctions, as well as the testimony of Jesus Christ, which he considers the most vital of all.
Having excelled in his classes, Patricius decided to enroll himself at Carthage where he would pursue Forensics. However, it took several months to consolidate the necessary funding for his education at Carthage, during which he seemed very idle, leading to the loss of his virtue. As a young person, he possessed an outstanding passion about carnal matters, an awareness that only heightened when he got to Carthage.
Carthage still had some evident pagan features where its ‘ungodly’ attractions, lecherous fellow students, and theatres, amongst others lured him into sin (Bright, Trump, and Fitz 65). He also lost the battle against his pride in his literary skills. In the year 372, he had a child with a mistress he had received the responsibility of seeing. Later on, Monica came to learn of it, much to her disappointment. By then, he only had nineteen years. As a result, he genuinely sought o mend his ways.
In the year 373, he studied a text by Cicero, ‘Hotensius’, which marked the genesis of his love for wisdom. His devotion shifted from rhetoric, which he had studied all along, to philosophy. Rhetoric remained relegated to his profession. During this quest for wisdom, he encountered Manichaeism.
This sect promised to help him find scientific answers to most of the mysterious phenomena that had baffled him for a while (Broadbent 89). The most mysterious aspect that he sought to understand resulted from his sinful past: he wanted to understand the source of evil. The sect also promised to introduce him to a philosophy that seemed free from the influence and restrictions of religion or faith, an idea, into which he completely bought.
He read and took up their beliefs with his usual ardor and passion, which went on for nine years. In the meantime, he went back to Carthage as a young professor of rhetoric. Monica, still upset by his desertion of the truth, even refused to invite him to her house for a while. Back in Carthage, he participated in a poetic tournament, which he won thereby receiving the corona agonistica award.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He eventually came to accept that there was no science in Manichaeism and that caused him to disown that faith. Manicheans also had an ambiguous and at times contradictory philosophy that seemed to embrace virtue while simultaneously excusing immorality. In addition to these flaws, Augustine found their counter-arguments against catholic lacking and unconvincing as they always reiterated that scriptures had some evident flaws.
After repudiating the sect, he went to Italy in 383, where he started a rhetoric school only to close it a short while later when the students sought to defraud him. He got a job as a professor, which he did for a while and that was when he encountered Bishop Ambrose (Flinders 98). This kindly bishop’s exceptionally saintly behaviors would impress Augustine into conversion four years later.
However, he yet wished to try several other ‘truths’ before he found his exact fit. He ventured into an Academic philosophy, with its ‘pessimistic skepticism’ for a while. He then tried Neo-Platonic philosophy, which genuinely impressed him based on the works of Plotinus and Plato. His only desired to find the truth, and learn how to live a perfect life, one that did not seek either honor or wealth built on a foundation of celibacy.
With this goal in mind, he took his child Adeodatus, his mother Monica, and his friends, and together they resorted to Cassisiacum, where he would hold monumental discussions on various topics including truth, God, the soul, true happiness in philosophy, evil, and the providential order of the world, among others (Frost 108). People came to know these as ‘Dialogues’. Augustine received his baptism into Christianity in 387, the year his mother died, forcing him to spend some time in Carthage refuting the beliefs of Manicheans.
He then went back to Africa in 388, whereupon reaching Tagaste; he sold all his wealth and gave the proceeds to the poor beginning to live the perfect life he had always idealized. In 391, he received a priesthood consecration. Although he did not want the post, he proceeded to accept and fulfill the calling. As a priest, he seemed instrumental in the conversion of many souls.
Some of his great successes include the public humiliation of Fortunatus, a Manichean doctor who had come to convert the Christians of Hippo into his sect. The humiliation proved too great for the great doctor to bear thus making him leave Hippo shortly after it happened. Augustine also banned the holding of banquets in the chapels of martyrs, and delivered a discourse during the Plenary Council of Africa that would later become the treatise, De fide et Symbolo
His writings remain categorized into confessions (history of the development of his heart), retractions (growth of his mind), and letters, which define his activities in the church. His letters, currently numbered at 270, contained practical solutions to the members’ problems.
We will write a custom Essay on Saint Augustine of Hippo specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Contra Academicos, De Beatâ Vitâ, De Ordine, On the Holiness of the Catholic Church, and The City of God form part of his great works (Kent, and Brown 43). Augustine assumed the seat as the Bishop of Hippo at 42. People have defined his episcopacy as one dominated by truth, with him as the guardian of people’s souls, and that it seemed rich with sermons on charity.
Augustine led several movements, over doctrinal enemies. These included the Manichean controversy based on the concept of evil. He managed to convert a Manichaean named Felix, believed to be one of the greatest doctors (in terms of proficiency with the Manichean doctrine) of his time during one of his famous public conferences. During this conference, he gave a speech that gave clarification on the nature of evil.
He explained that not all of God’s laws and precepts qualify as evil in nature or by extension. Instead, evil comes from the liberty, or free will accorded man and other creatures, when people abuse the liberty (Portalie 78). Another controversy he helped straighten concerned Donatists and their questions on the sinners in the church, including the morality of priests and its influence over their hierarchy.
Augustine expounded on views earlier mentioned by St. Cyprian and Opatus. He stated that a sinner could remain within the realm of the church, but only with the intention of converting him/ her in the near future. Other controversies he settled include the Arian and Pelagian controversies (Portalie 99). He died in 436.
St. Augustine stood out as an impeccable man with a profound understanding on the doctrines, nature, authority, and institution of the church. He expounded on numerous confounding texts containing doctrines and helped guide most of the dogmas advanced today about the church (Yen 66).
It proves important to note that Augustine did not have any protestant views, but rather catholic, as many protestant critics seek to portray him as an anti-reformist reformer, which seems in contrast to his true nature. Nevertheless, his contribution to religion and humanity in general remains profound regardless of the lens anybody might choose to view his accomplishments.
Works Cited Appleton, Maine. St. Augustine of Hippo. New York: Springler, 2001.
Bright, Cornelia, Trump, Bernado, and Fitz, Julie. A Biography on St. Augustine of Hippo. Paris: Verde Inc., 2000.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Saint Augustine of Hippo by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Broadbent, Stephen. Eternal and Spiritual Issues. The Trumpet 1.1 (1992): 28.
Flinders, Lyon. On Truth, Grace, and Provident Living. Herald To Nations 3.5 (2006): 50-62.
Frost, Richard. Understanding the concept of Sainthood: St. Augustine of Hippo. Roman Theology 4.2 (1994): 23-47.
Kent, Lexis, and Brown, Christopher . Saints and Cathedrals. Washington DC: Basic Books, 2004.
Portalie, Eugene. Life of St. Augustine of Hippo. The Catholic Encyclopedia 1.3 (2011): 34-89.
Yen, Kristen. Standard Works of The Catholic Church. Vatican: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Benefits of Religion Research Paper best essay help: best essay help
Abstract This paper begins with an explanation of what religion means and how it affects people. A brief history of religion in America is provided from the pre-colonial period to the present day status. Then it moves on to give a brief review of major religions in America. Further, the role/benefits of religion are explored, highlighting how religion contributes to well-being community, spirituality, health, education and other various benefits. The paper then finally concludes by highlighting the future of religion in America and the rest of the world.
Introduction Defining religion is a difficult thing since different people or groups have different ideas of what religion is, but most definitions will always incorporate the belief in supernatural power(s) that created universe and continue to rule over it. Therefore, religion is an individual’s choice and each religion has it own belief system that links it to a superpower or God.
Various religions have continued to play a significant role to human spirituality and in helping the whole humankind existence. Since ancient times, religions have been helping the human race in various ways such as providing counseling services, governance, food, and shelter for the poor, and other various means.
Thus, the history of most people appears to be somehow influenced by religion. The history of America and religion are quite interrelated from the pre-colonial period, when various American Indian groups practicing a huge variety of religious traditions shared the continent to the present day America where all major religions in the world are practiced (Corbett-Hemeyer, 2009).
Historically, some religious groups have always outnumbered other groups in terms of number of faithful, with the protestant divisions continuing to be the majority grouping compared to other traditional religious groups in America. In much of the American history, the Protestant Christianity has been the major religious grouping, wielding cultural influence in the United States of America and enjoying privileges of its status.
However, in the in the 20th century, the number of Catholics and Jews grew rapidly becoming the other major religious groupings in America, attracting interest from various scholars. The 21st century has witnessed tremendous changes in the religious cycles, with the number of Muslim faithful increasing significantly to outnumber the Episcopalians, Presbyterians, and other minor religions in the united states, thus classifying America as being any religious grouping country would be so misguided (Hall, 2007).
From inception of the American continent, the religious diversity has always been present, thus, those who had tried to advocate for religious homogeneity had always been faced with quite difficult moments.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is very true, since, even before the European settlers arrived religious diversity was already present through the various beliefs and practices of the Native Americans and the settlers had different religious orientations such as Protestants, Catholics, Jews, and other groupings.
Hence, where each religious grouping of settlers settled, it spread it beliefs in that area leading to religious diversity within America (Hall, 2007). Due to this religious diversity, the American people practice the major religions in the world, the Native American religions, and their derivatives. In the next section of this paper, the major religions of the America will be explored briefly.
Major religions in America In the world, there are many religions but the ten most organized religions of the world include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Judaism, Bahaism, Confucianism, Jainism and Shintoism (Infoplease, 2005). All these religions are practiced in America, contributing to its religious diversity. There are three major religions in America, including Christianity, Judaism, and Islam respectively (Corbett-Hemeyer, 2009).
These three religions, though they have differences in their doctrine and practice, they share some similarities. They are monotheistic faiths, trace their ancestry to Abraham, and believe God as the creator and governor of universe, and most of their sacred narratives share similarities especially in references to same figures, histories, and locations.
Hence, they are commonly referred to as the major Abrahamic Religions. Based on this information, most Americans are religious, with only a few not having any religious affiliation. Thus, the religions believe in God, pray, practice a religion and explain their life happening by appealing to God’s will and word and work (Neusner, 2009, P.1).
Christianity in America
Christians are followers of Jesus Christ and their holy book is the bible. Christianity contributes more two thirds of the religions in America with various forms of Christianity having predominated and defined much of the culture and society over the years (Neusner, 2009).
Christianity is generally divided into Protestants and Roman Catholic. Both forms of Christianity were introduced into America by the early European settlers and they have continued to influence the American Christian society. Protestants Christianity was introduced by the earliest European settlers of Virginia and Massachusetts and it has continued to grow, encompassing various denominations and sects, forming the largest single religious grouping in America.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Benefits of Religion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Catholic Christianity was introduced in the eastern and the great southwest part of United States by European settlers who settled there especially of Hispanic origins and it has grown to be second largest single religious grouping in America. These two forms of Christianity were the earliest form Christianity but later Orthodox Christianity was introduced in America from Greece and Russia accounting for a small portion of Christianity (Neusner, 2009).
Judaism in America
Judaism is a religion that is practiced by Jews advocating for strict unitary view of God and the major holy book is the Hebrew Bible. There are three main divisions of Judaism in America: the Reform, the Orthodox, and the Conservatives though there are several other sects all forming around 4 percent of all religions found in the United States (Neusner, 2009). Judaism has existed in America since the colonial days when it was practiced few Jewish settlers of that time.
Islam in America
Muslims are believers in Allah (God) and they follow the teaching of Prophet Muhammad. In addition, Muslims recognize the biblical prophets. Initially the number of Muslims in America was quite decimated but recently their number has increased rapidly leading them to become the third largest religious community in the United States with approximately five million Muslims and 1500 mosques located within the country (Neusner, 2009, P.151).
Most of American Muslims are immigrants or descendants of the immigrant Muslim communities with rest being from people who convert. Due to misconceptions and stereotyping of Muslims in the western world, most of American Muslims have kept low profile while concentrating on spreading their religion and economic activities. The next part of this paper will discuss the way the various religions found in America benefit people and community.
Benefits of religion Benefits of religion can accrue to individual, groups and as well the whole humankind. By not basing on specific religion or beliefs, the following are some the benefits people stand to benefit from religion. First, friendship and togetherness is one of the paramount emphases of any religion.
Through service in places of worship, people meet, interact, and forge friendships that can be life lasting. Most of religious beliefs encourage people to feign friendships and support each other in times of difficult in order to promote togetherness.
Religion helps individuals to participate in worship with brothers and sisters of their religion and through the social gatherings, the community growth and wellbeing is enhanced within the religion. Friendship and supporting each other is a vital component of happy and peaceful communities.
Secondly, studies have shown that religion can be a key element in creating national unity of any country. Religion helps in shaping the shared values of a culture into a vital sense of unity.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Benefits of Religion by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The shared values can be crucial ingredient in modeling the national identity dispersing divisive forces such as ethnicity or nationality. Additionally, religion can help to create a national figure who exhibits the valued cultural values, thus unifying the whole country. Lack of shared cultural values brings tension and the sense of togetherness brought by national identity can be lost.
For example, studies have revealed that in the tense Baltic region civil religion is pivotal in shaping the shared values of the a culture into a strong common sense of national unity that will enable the secular pluralistic society to achieve it envisioned democratic process (Miller, 2009). The shared cultural sense can help people of this region to forge a better national identity that can disperse the bipolar of tendency of some of the cultures.
Thirdly, religion has always significantly helped in the well-being of individuals and the community at large in terms of health. The belief system gives hope and reinforces mental attitude, and when coupled with interaction with other members of the religion, a person’s mental health stands to benefit. Studies show that religious beliefs can improve physical wellness of a person, as there have been many documented cases where a person’s religious beliefs have helped in overcoming the disease or challenges relating to health.
According to studies that were conducted on HIV and religious beliefs, it was revealed that spirituality predicts for better disease control, with people who do not attend religious services having twice the risk of dying over in the next 8 years since infection than those who attend religious services regularly (Kluger, 2009).
Individuals and communities reap many health benefits from religious groups that act as owners or sponsors of various healthcare providing facilities and research institutions. These faith-based health organizations (FBOs) provide healthcare to entire communities even to people who are non-religious or not of that faith.
For example, a church-based community VCT is not for use by Christians only but by all members of that society or the Muslim hospitals such as those of Agha Khan International Foundation is for benefit of the whole community in which they serve all people equally without discriminating any group.
In addition, research conducted by religious sponsored research institutions benefit the entire humankind. The FBOs have been quite successful in delivery of healthcare, as research has shown that the FBOs offer services more effectively since the staff members motivated by faith they are more caring, compassionate and supportive in performing their responsibilities (Flanigan, 2009).
More so, the international FBOs working in developing nations have mostly shown greater long-term commitment to local inhabitants than most secular NGOs and this has mostly been enhanced by the ties of religious solidarity they share with the people they serve (Bradley, 2005).
In addition, studies have shown that FBOs services have been very helpful especially when offered to people suffering from substance abuse, violence, and discrimination due to the moral and spiritual dimensions that they incorporate; generally, there is a strong positive correlation between the improved health and religious behavior (Fischer, 2008).
In essence, religion is one the key player in the global health provision and research leading to solutions to many diseases and all these services are offered for betterment of the entire human race.
Fourthly, religion plays a great role in enhancing education globally. Various religious groups sponsor and own thousands of educational institutions worldwide that offer education to all people, mostly regardless of their religious orientation.
These institutions range from kindergarten, through elementary and high school to world-class universities that offer quality education that enhance global literacy and educational level. Through education the communities and individuals globally stands to gain many benefits including enlightenment, technological advancement, improved literacy level, and solution to various global issues.
Even if the education that is offered is for religious purposes, it can mutually benefit the community and the individuals in numerous ways (Katherine, 2011).
Studies have indicated that religion is basic to education in many countries and that education promotes understanding people of different religions hence even the secular international development agencies have to incorporate the understanding of role religion in education in enhancing Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and tackling global educational challenges (Katherine, 2011).
According studies conducted in Europe on the relationship between religion and education, they seem to support the above notion since they revealed that study of religion is a precondition for tolerance and social awareness of religious diversity and they are a prerequisite for personal development and social responsibility (Jackson et al, 2007).
This is applicable through religious education that encourages cultural relativism rather than any religious education that encourages mono cultural aspects. Therefore, religion can significantly influence the education of individuals and communities directly or indirectly.
More so, religion can help people to cope with loneliness and grief through consolation. In case of grief, religious institutions offer consolation to their members to help cope with sadness. The grieved member is offered consoling words and presence of other religious members help to restore feeling of being loved and appreciated. Through participation in religion people are able to avoid or reduce loneliness as they are busy well being preoccupied with the religious activities.
Thus, the faith in ones religion can be a source of motivation that strengthen one to carry on, tackle obstacles and emerge a better and stronger person from difficulties. Lastly, embracing religion can be a life saving event for some people since there have been some social misfits such as criminals and drug addicts that upon embracing have become good and productive members of the society.
Conclusion Religion is a personal choice though it has existed since time in memorial offering humankind spirituality and other benefits. People through involvement of religion in their life for many years it has somehow influenced their culture and systems of governance. Throughout the history of the world, religion appears to have played a significant role in shaping the events and their outcomes.
For America, the religion will always continue to part of it, people only what can change in future are the religious trends as since the pre-colonial period up to date there have been tremendous religious transformations and emergency of new religions. In addition, the global religious trends will continue to have influence on religion in America due to the fact that America has been assimilating various world religions.
Religion will continue to be beneficial to the religious and non-religious people and communities even in the coming years, since it has always been part of human race, with some people embracing it while others practicing none at all. Since religion influences culture and vice versa, religion can shape the way people interact and become an essential ingredient in uniting conflicting people leading to lasting peace.
Religion also accords the society various tangible benefits through enhancing health, education and empowering of the community. Though religion is beneficial to the community if spread or used in retrogressive manner, it can be a major source of conflict and hatred. For example, wars have been fought around the world since ancient time for religious reasons.
In addition, religious affiliations can be a source of disagreement between different groups in country brewing tension. For example, the recent tension between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria. For benefits of religion to continue helping the world, religion should be approached in an understanding manner that allows room for religious tolerance.
References Bradley, T. (2005). Does Compassion Bring Results? A Critical Perspective on Faith and Development. Culture and Religion, Vol 6(3), p337-351.
Corbett-Hemeyer, J. (2009). Religion in America. Sixth Edition. Ontario: Pearson Education Canada.
Fischer, R. (2008). In God We Trust, All Others Bring Data: Assessing the State of Outcomes Measurement for Faith-Based and Community-Based Programming. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Flanigan, S.T. (2009). Staff Perceptions of the Benefits of Religion in Health and Human Services Nonprofits: Evidence from International Development. Journal of Health
Comparing and Contrasting Islam and Christianity Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Comparing the World Views of both Islam and Christianity
Introduction Christianity and Islam share a lot of similarities and at the same time differ on several aspects. This paper will carry out a detailed comparison of the Christian and Islam religions. Among the similarities are: they both worship one God, they both believe that Jerusalem is the holy city and lastly they believe that the date of the judgment is decided when one dies.
Despite the above similarities, the two religions differ on other aspects; their main points of differing are: on their central teacher – Christians consider Jesus to be their main figure whereas Muslims believe in Mohammed as their central figure; in reference to the revered texts; Christians consider the Bible as the holy book and Muslims have Quran as their holy book.
Both religions also differ with respect to their places of worship; for Christians their place of worship is church or cathedral and according to the Islamic religion the place of worship is masjid or the mosque (Flemming 332).
Main Analysis Christianity and Islam are closely related religions due to the fact that they revere Abraham and other patriarchs cited in the Hebrew scripture as their spiritual ancestors.
Major denominations of Christianity:
Latter day saints (Anon 1)
Major denominations of Islam:
Sufism (Akhter 171)
Comparing the World Views of both Islam and Christianity On religious beliefs: Christianity and Islam have various differences and at the same time related in other aspects. On the concept of the deity, Christians believe in the trinity which encompasses three persons in one God, that is, the God the father, the son and the Holy Spirit. Muslims on the other hand believe in only one Allah who can not be divided. Consequently, both religions believe in existence of Jesus though the Christians consider Jesus as the son of God whereas Muslims consider Jesus as a respected prophet who ranks second after Mohammed in significance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the death of Jesus: Christians believe that it was sanctioned by Pontius Pilate and carried out by the roman army and Muslims believe that Jesus was neither killed nor died but he ascended into heaven alive. They, however, both believe that Jesus ascended to heaven. Notwithstanding the fact that they both believe in a holy book, they refer them by different names; for the Muslims, their holy book is called the Quran and the Christians call it as the Bible.
Based on religious practices: On the interpretation of the holy book, Christians interpretation ranges from the statements made by the pope and also resolutions in conventions which is common among the Protestants; Muslims on the other hand interpret the holy book based on the opinion of various scholars and hence there is no individual who is an authority in the interpretation of the holy book according to the Muslims (Brodd and Sobolewsky 10).
With respect to the place of worship: Christians worship in the church or rather the cathedral whereas the Muslims worship in the mosque. Also the two religions differ based on their day of worship; Christians worship on the Saturdays and Sundays and to Muslims hold their worship on Friday.
With regards to the relationship between the church and the state: Christians believe that it should be separated and to an extend Christian countries are democracies. According to Islam, the church and the state are integrated and majority of Muslim countries are governed dictatorial (Christian and Islam 11-19).
On humanity: In the Christian perspective, Christians seek to foster cooperation among their churches especially in their mission to the world. They also seek to heal any historical division that might exist among churches. The main agent of the Christians is the World Council of Churches and they achieve their mission through ecumenical movements. Christians mobilize other Christians in the mission to confront social problems that afflict the societies like poverty and injustice (Young 12).
Islam stresses the need for social justice and they provide for the marginalized and the vulnerable members of the society which include the poor, the hungry and the orphaned. They as well stand against the extreme group of Muslims who take advantage of the conventional brotherhood and sisterhood to further clannism and sexism and they also reject globalization that benefits Multinational Corporation at the expense of ordinary citizens (Young 224)
On human problem: Christians consider a problem as an individual since individuals are sinners and any resolution is personal transformation; they consider the main problem as the separation of an individual from God (Young 213). Muslims appreciate gender justice as a way of promote justice in the Muslim community. Muslims also believe in pluralism. The cause of human problem according to the Muslims is when an individual rejects the guidance of Allah and does not believe in the original sin like the Christians (Young 242).
We will write a custom Essay on Comparing and Contrasting Islam and Christianity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cause of human problem: According to the Muslims, human problem is caused by human distraction (Young 242). With regard to the Christians, the main cause of human problem is the original sin that was committed in the Garden of Eden by Adam and Eve; they argue that individuals should be liberated from sin (Young 214).
End of transformation: According to the Christian theologians, human life is subjected to danger by their sins and these sins may encompass ecological dimensions. To the Christians, there is life after death. They believe that Jesus rose from death in order to transform human life on earth (Young 215).
Sacred: According to the Muslims, there is no other God but only Allah and true connection with him can be established through dedication in prayers and also through Jihad, which is a holy war (Young 247). Christians on the other hand believe that there is only one God who exists in three forms, that is, God the father, God the son and God the Holy Spirit. This sacred can be known through the circumstances that he is the agent of creation and the fact that he brought harmony and unity to all the reality (Young 218).
Symbols, myths and rituals: Muslims wage Jihad to demonstrate their protection and allegiance to God. They celebrate rituals such as the holy month of Ramadan and also Id ul fitr which is their holy holiday, and Al-Hijra which is the moment of personal renewal, Christians, on the other hand, celebrate Christmas which is a reflection of the death of Jesus Christ and they also remember Good Friday and Easter Monday (Morrill 2).
Conclusion When the two religions are compared with Judaism especially doctrine wise; both Islam and Judaism are based in the Middle East. Just like the other two religions, Judas believes in Jerusalem as the holy town. Judaism like Christians both shares the history of the Jews but Judaism like Islam designates civilization as a way of life. It is only the secular nature of Judaism that distinguish it form Christianity otherwise they are doctrines which are similar and both are the religions of the tribe of Abraham (Warren 235).
Works Cited Akhter, Shamim. Faith
The Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethical Behavior of Qantas Airways Report custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Sustainability of Qantas
List of References
Introduction According to Qantas Airways Limited (2011, par.1), the airlines industry emits a substantial amount of manufactured carbon dioxide. The Group has established a program named carbon-offset that enables travelers to counterbalance carbon emission caused by their flights and moved to using neutral carbon.
The Group has worked together with the community by engaging in donations and global funds to fight diseases. It also works with the government in providing enticements to sponsor research and development that aims at coming up with new methods and techniques of sustaining the environment. Qantas employees also take part in the organization’s “Clean up Australia”.
Qantas has developed a culture of accountability, good governance through transparency and reporting of all activities to its stakeholders, customers and regulators. It complies with global standards of reporting such as accountability (AA100) and International Labor Organizations regulations. Employees are educated on their fundamental human rights and practice.
Sustainability of Qantas The Qantas Group seeks to operate in the most sustainable manner possible. It seeks to operate in a sustainable manner by optimizing and continually improving all its aspects of operations. The specific areas in which the Qantas Group seeks to narrow down to achieve sustainability are areas such as economic and environmental impacts. The group continues to be keen on the economic and environmental impacts as it continues to achieve sound financial results to the satisfaction of shareholders.
The Qantas’ Groups performance and standards in the scope of sustainability have been clear and elaborate. The Dow Jones Sustainability Asia Pacific Index was first published in 2009 and since then, the Qantas Group has consistently featured in the list. The Index listing is reviewed quarterly and annually (Qantas Airways Limited 2010a, par.2).
It is the objective of this measure to ensure the accuracy of index composition in order to provide a good representation of leading sustainability companies. The fact that the Group has been featuring in the index is a clear indication of its sustainability levels (Qantas Airways Limited 2011).
The group has been acknowledged and recognized in the area of sustainability performance and disclosure. For one, it has appeared in the DJSI index since 2009, secondly it has won the ESG Citi Award in the 2010 Australian Investor Relations Association awards.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thirdly, the 2010 Carbon Disclosure Project Leadership Index (CDPLI) has also included the Qantas Group in its index for New Zealand and Australia. Concerning carbon emission reduction category, Qantas Airways has appears among top ten firms that promote reduced carbon emission hence the only industrial company to appear in the list showing its high levels of sustainability (Qantas Airways Limited 2010b, par.2).
Conclusion Qantas Group has ensured environmental sustainability by participating in the clean up activities in the Clean Up Australian Day (CUAD). The group indeed has a 15 years partnership with the Clean Up program in which it provides support in terms of flight services.
The Qantas has helped the development of online Future Sustainability Leaders Program so that many people may be linked to online training and support. The Qantas Group has enhanced environmental sustainability by adopting an investor definition that focuses on exploiting opportunities and managing business risks in order to grow and remain sustainable.
List of References Qantas Airways Limited 2010a, Community and health. Web.
Qantas Airways Limited 2010b, Health. Web.
Qantas Airways Limited 2011, Qantas Airways. Web.
Physical capital in Ruiz Construction Company Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Ruiz Construction Company
Company’s production process
Physical capital refers to machinery, buildings, equipment and other tangible facilities used in the transformation processes. Production process utilizes inputs and converts them into outputs. Ideally, physical capital cannot convert inputs into outputs without additional supporting factors of production.
Economically as noted by Gwartney et al., production process entails conversion of inputs such as labor, capital and raw materials into valuable products (54). According to Anon, physical capital is subjected to non-economic version of measurement (3). Essentially, the optimal point of physical capital is production of goods and services.
Studies indicate that United States’ long run economic growth is largely contributed by the human capital, technology and the physical capital. Industries in the contemporary production depend on physical capital and technologies to increase production. Construction industry is one of key development initiatives that physical capital through machinery and technologies has impacted.
Through research, economic application of the physical capital to the production processes in most vital industries provide a conclusion as to why some states are richer than others, and the significant sources of economic development (Anon, 5). Ruiz Construction Company is an example of a real company where physical capital has dominated the production process.
Ruiz Construction Company Ruiz Construction Company is a family owned company and a recognized corporation of producing high quality services and products. It is a general building construction and has wide experience and expertise in engineering related works as well as estate development. The company specializes in structural construction, repairs, tunnel construction, installation of infrastructure, and general estate building.
Investment in an economy is essentially the process of creating a free market system. Typically, investment can indicate the level of current capital stock, and capital stock in future. Construction companies result to physical development of the real estates in the United States.
Modern construction companies are investing in physical capital since it is efficient and an effective way of producing quality products. Traditional methods of construction were labor intensive. Present technologies and innovativeness have encouraged utilization of physical capital resources in production (Anon, 10). The corporation growth is accelerated by the investment in technology and capital goods.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A large percentage of corporation activities are capital intensive yielding to its efficiency and quality of products. Usually, aggregate inputs are subjected to capital intensity production process. Interestingly, the construction industry in United States is growing highly and substantially. The consequence of the growth and the competition makes companies to enhance strategies to provide a competitive advantage.
Company’s production process Contractors are searching many technologies to achieve international standards of building. In United States, technology changes are highly impacting on the current building systems and process. For this purpose, companies such as Ruiz Construction Company are developing new processes and investing on capital intensity.
The company production process entails building system technology, technical aspects, and managerial aspects, environmental aspects, laying out site, planning and product making. In addition, product making is influenced by a variety of factors. These factors range from customer’s request, inputs, technologies used and the construction process.
Conclusion Issues related to human labor intensity in production is old an economic concept. Modern society has changed from labor intensity to capital intensity methods of production. Companies have adapted to growth oriented policies that are driven to capital creation and adoption.
Exploring human capital and physical capital in construction industry is regarded as the order in value creation. In nut shell, physical capital intensity in production, especially in construction industry, increases economic growth and promote development sustainability. The current level of technology and improvement in physical capital creation with human capital endowment acts as an economy broadening factor.
Works Cited Anon. (nd). Physical capital. How great places boost public value. Web.
Gwartney, James, Richard L. Stroup, Russell S. Sobel, and David MacPherson. Economics: Private and Public Choice. Stamford: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Physical capital in Ruiz Construction Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Wire Walking’s History and Examples Research Paper a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Examples of wire walkers
Introduction Wire walking or tightrope walking can be defined as a way of walking on a thin wire or rope usually at accelerated height. It is associated with activities such as somersaulting and other acrobatics that can be viewed as devilish on a high set wire.
A wire walker can use poles to provide balance or he/she can stretch the arms perpendicularly so that they act as poles. Wire walking is done in different styles such as slack wire, tight wire, high wire, slack lining and freestyle slack lining where by height is the defining term for their differences.
It has along history of about 2000 years although it has not been given priority so far. It all started as wire dancing, then grew into walking/ tiptoeing and eventually wire running where the wire walker can walk through a given distance over a short period of time (Dickens 1861, 538). It is a type of game that involves the player (walker) and the audience.
For one to become a good wire walker a lot of exercise is required added with courage. It is one of the most risky exercise one can engage in because of the dangers that surrounds it including falling from the great height which can result into fractures and dislocations of the body organs and in some extreme cases resulting into death.
Not all can be in a position to engage in such a dangerous exercise, apart from those with a passion for it and have some inborn characters which compel and enable them to perform well in such an activity. Wire walking is an occupation which needs a strong mentality and hard working qualities. A strong courage and determination of each wire-walker has, makes them a legend.
Examples of wire walkers Several wire walkers can be looked at so as to understand the motivation behind engaging in such a dangerous occupation. Such include, Adili Wuxor from China who in 1997 won himself a title “Prince of high wire walking” because of managing to walk on a steel wire over River Yangtze in 13 minutes 48 seconds.
To road towards this achievement was not all that easy but involved some risks and disappointments. To begin with, his father was a wire walker and it is possible that Adili inherited this from his father, although, this same father had left a will that was against any family members to participate in this activity due to the poor pay it had earned him throughout his life, and as a young boy Adili could have been expected to go as per his father’s will, but on the contrary he took the risk by defiling this will.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He begun doing some exercise though it was not that easy for him especially with the first attempts; he could cry out of fear and even go to an extend of wetting himself while performing, despite this shameful moves, he did not loose hope but he continued until he gained enough confidence.
Money was not an issue to him, despite its meager pay, he continued participating in the dangerous activity, the love he had for this game and the joy he derived from it could not be compared to the payment he was to get at the end. He was even at one time involved in an accident while performing that cost him his ribs and bornes.
He even went into a comma, but upon recovery he embarked on the activities he could afford and even dint give a dump in using any safety equipment. It is this determination, consistence and passion that have seen him this far not forgetting to mention his win as the first torch bearer in his town. He forges forward towards making this activity known globally such that those who had taken part in it in the past can gain recognition and eventual lead to the development of this occupation (Prince of High-wire Walking 2009).
Niagara Falls is a place that has gained popularity because of many wire walkers who have tried to challenge it. Several walkers have tried to cross this river which is a very dangerous attempt bearing in mind of its many waters and heavy waves and tides.
Blondin was the first one to cross this river on a rope, he subsequently involved in more risky activities such as crossing while carrying his manager and in another occasion while pushing a wheelbarrow, his determination in crossing the river twice a week earned him more confidence and fame where he could attract thousands of spectators.
On looking at Blondin performing, another man, Leonard Hunt got attracted and decides to join this occupation, after breaking this news to a girl friend, the relationship breaks but this does not prevent him from taking this risk. Despite his great performances compared to Blondin, he still does not gain favor from the crowds but he keeps engaging in more and more risky acts all with an aim of outdoing Blondin.
At one time a woman he carried fell down into the waters and died after drowning. He is even involved in an accident where he badly broke his leg but still continued in his walk up to a nearest island. Several other walkers challenged the falls including a woman whose demise became a mystery despite the several cases of death involved. This woman was the only one and the first woman to cross the falls on a rope, she did it backwards while blindfolded and with baskets on her feet (French 2008).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Wire Walking’s History and Examples specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The act of crossing this falls is compared to committing suicide with those who survive being referred to as the dare devils. It therefore, takes courage and some unique traits in a person in order to participate in such a game with a lot of passion and enjoyment despite all the risk including death that involves it (Niagara Falls Daredevils n.d).
Philippe Petit is another man who has gained fame because of the act of crossing the twin towers on a wire. The towers are several meters high and when he had the idea of walking over between the towers he was discouraged by a friend and even his wife but still could not resist the urge to do it.
It took him money and time to prepare on how to under take the risky task bearing in mind how guarded the southern tower was. It took courage to make his first walk despite the threats he received from the observers. After some several trips he gained confidence and now could even perform dances and other activities on the rope while walking.
This earned him fame but he still led a poor life besides engaging in this risky occupation. He even got bewildered on looking at the distance he walked once he was downstairs but despite all these, he still could not resist the call in him to still walk and he says that it was not his choice to do this, but he was chosen by this occupation (Higginbotham 2003).
Conclusion Wire walking is not an occupation that can earn one a living, it only earns fame. Many are the risks that are involved in its undertaking including death. It is therefore an activity that requires great determination, practice, sacrifice and unique character in one for him/her to carry it on.
Works Cited Dickens, Charles. All the year round. Carlifonia: Oxford University. 1868. Print.
French, Phillip. He always was highly strung. 2008. Web.
Higginbotham, Adam. Touching the void. 2003. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Wire Walking’s History and Examples by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Niagara Falls Daredevils: a History.” Niagara Falls Thunder Alley. Web.
Prince of High-wire Walking, AdiliWuxor. China Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region-The Silk Road-News. Ed. Qian Zhao. 7 May 2009. Web.
Four types of courage Essay college essay help near me
Introduction Courage calls upon a person to keep moving on even in the face of hopelessness or obstacles. In the society, there are many changes occurring and one can choose to both panic and fear to confront the change or choose to draw upon inner self and move forward. Rollo May says that one must have courage in order to live a meaningful life in the society. Courage, he insists, is not just one emotion among others, but the foundation on which all other virtues and values rest.
Types of courage Courage is a fundamental emotion that every human being must possess. It enables one to exist meaningfully in the society and have the ability to bring change in the society and self.
Physical courage entails the use of one’s body to show sympathy and cultivate empathy. People with physical courage make a sacrifice every time they choose to exhibit this type of courage. They put their bodies at risk for the sake of others. For instance, in case of a fire fighters walk into burning buildings to try to save lives of people they do not even know.
They risk injuries or even death and to do so they must have physical courage otherwise they would fear putting themselves at risk for others. Another instance that demonstrates physical courage in the recent time is the efforts of the workers in Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant who have been working to stop the emission of radioactive fumes.
They have put their lives at risk and some may even die due to the effects of the radioactive fumes but they had the physical courage to stay and stop the leak after the area and been evacuated. Other instances of courage are exhibited by ordinary people everyday such as when a father or mother takes a risk for the sake of protecting their children.
To make meaningful intimacy one requires social courage. It enables one to put one’s self out there in order to create relationships with other people. Developing relationships calls for an investment of a person’s time and emotions.
The investment may not pay off and so a person must be willing to take the risk of failing and encountering rejection. When a person lacks social courage, they can become loners and feel very isolated. Thus, one must be willing to overcome fear and interact with other people even those that are often neglected by others because they are seen to be different.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A person must also be willing to be tolerant of other people because people come from different backgrounds and have different beliefs and mannerisms. Moreover, an individual must have the social courage to accommodate others and make their lives easier because everyone has the need of the sense of belonging. Social courage also helps parents who have children with disabilities take care of them without shame of being ridiculed in the society.
They accept their children’s condition and do not hide them from the public. In so doing they bring up children who are not ashamed of their disabilities and they can have the courage to integrate in the society and lead meaningful lives. Such parents are only able to accept such children because they have social courage.
Moral courage helps a person to say no to violence. Violence comes in various forms such as psychological, spiritual and physical. People often condone various forms of violence because they lack the moral courage to take a stand against violence.
For instance, many people will stand by and watch a parent abusing their children or spouses but will not take any action because they fear getting involved in what they consider none of their business. Other people will have knowledge about planned violence but will not report to relevant persons for fear of being found out.
Moral courage is a virtue that many people fear to exercise for fear of being called meddlers but if people choose to exercise this courage so many forms of violence that happen in the society would be stopped and fewer people would suffer. For example, if people had moral courage they would blow the whistle on planned activities such as terrorists’ acts. Imagine the number of lives that would have been saved if one of the planners of the 9/11 attacks had had the courage to report the plan before hand.
Creative change The creative courage enables one to come up with ways of changing the society. A person who has creative courage can choose to go against the majority and do something different that is right.
For instance, in today’s society sex and drugs are very popular especially in the pop culture women are objectified and taken only as sex objects. An artist can come up with songs that are free of women representing sex even though they may not be a hit.
We will write a custom Essay on Four types of courage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More By choosing to a road, that few would such a person can make a difference and show that people do not need to have dirty music and videos to produce good music. They can incorporate a message that challenges the use of drugs or sex and in this way; they can bring about a positive change among the people in society. Through creative courage one can defy violence and even death in the society by coming up with new ideas to tackle the problem. In so doing, one also exhibits moral courage and social courage.
Moreover, through creative courage people have come up with ideas that have helped to transform the society. For example, people who have come up with ideas of building green houses that help to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases thought of a creative idea and had the courage to follow it until it materialized.
Others have created beautiful songs, movies, poems, books among others that people appreciate. If such people did not have the courage to come up with the ideas and persist in making them a reality, we would be missing many beautiful things in life.
Conclusion Courage is paramount in life. Courage has enabled people to stand for things they believed were right even in the face of opposition and triumphed. Some have stopped evils and helped through moral courage making the society a better place to live in and safe for humanity.
Through courage, humanity is preserved and given an opportunity to advance. It therefore means that without courage it would be very difficult for the people in the society to live meaningful lives. Every person must strive to attain courage because it is the fundamental virtue in living meaningful lives. Through exercising courage, we not only make the lives of those who surround us better, but also our own.
The Relationship between Native Americans and Christians Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Introduction The relationship between Christianity and Native Americans has been a matter of great debate for many years. This topic has been explored in many short stories written by Americans. Among the many stories on this subject, the best example is by Louise Erdrich titled Saint Marie and another is by Leslie Marmon Silko titled The Man to Send Rain Clouds.
In the two stories, the writers have discussed the topic in a way that leaves no doubt as to the nature of the relationship between Christianity and Native Americans. In The Man to Send Rain Clouds, the Christians are tolerant towards the Native Americans but the opposite is the case in Saint Marie. (Silko; Erdrich)
In Leslie Marmon Silko’s story, there is a clear picture of the life lived by Native Americans. From the moment when the story opens, we are confronted with rituals, which seem to have been the order of the day. In the story, Ken and Leon have gone to find their grand father whom they already suspect to be dead.
Just to make sure that they have everything needed to perform the ritual, the two brothers have taken the time to pack some feathers and paint which they use to decorate the old man’s hair. By tying the feather in the old man’s hair, painting his forehead with different colors, throwing corn meal in to the wind then painting his nose, the brothers hope that the old man will be able to send them rain.
While all this rituals are performed, we do not see any sign of Christianity featuring anywhere. Immediately after the ritual that is meant to ensure that their grandfather sends them rain, we are able to see the first relationship between Christianity and Native Americans.
When the brothers are taking their grandfather home, the brothers meet Father Paul who gestures for them to stop. In the ensuing conversation, one is able to realize that there is respect between the two parties. To begin with, the virtue of the brothers agreeing to stop the car to chat with the priest is in itself an act of respect.
Although the brothers do not necessarily agree with the priest, they are courteous in their conversation with him. This courtesy is seen when the priest castigates them for leaving Teofilo to stay out in the sheep camp alone. Instead of rebuking him for meddling in other people’s affairs, the brothers politely answer that “No, he won’t do that any more now.” (Silko)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This relationship is also seen in the way the gravediggers begin doing their work after “the church bells rang the Angelus.” (Silko)This good relationship is further exhibited as the people head to the grave when Louise seems bothered about the absence of a priest in the burial. This thing keeps on bothering her until she decides to confide in Leon.
Despite the many rituals that the family has undertaken, Louise feels it is important for the “priest to sprinkle holy water for Grandpa. So he won’t be thirsty.” (Silko) Despite Louise being the person who comes up with this proposal, the same thing seems to have been in Leon’s mind since he does not object to the request. Instead, the only answer he gives is “I’ll see if he’s there.” In fact, everyone seems to accept this arrangement since no one objects the presence of the priest in the graveyard.
This good relationship between Christianity and Native Americans is further exhibited in the way the priest receives the request of Leon. When the priest is told of the old man’s death, all that he asks is “Why didn’t you tell me he was dead? I could have brought the Last Rites anyway.” (Silko)This shows that the family not being practicing Christians did not bother the priest.
Although the priest at first refused to honor the summon since there had not been called to perform the Last Rites and a Funeral Mass, he later agreed to the request. As he poured the water in the grave, memories of such a ritual almost came back into the priests mind.
In a strange way, the priest seems to concur with the family that the water would make the old man not to experience thirst something that pushes him “shakes the container until it is empty.” Despite the numerous rituals that the family has undertaken, Leon only believes it is the priest’s water that had the ability to make the “old man send them big thunderclouds for sure.” (Silko)
Although there seems to have been a good relationship between Native Americans and Christians in The Man to Send Rain Clouds, the case is not the same in Saint Marie. From the moment the story begins, every side seems to be fighting to discredit the other. Through Marie, we get to understand that whatever it is that the Natives did was not done from a pure heart.
While the characters in The Man to Send Rain Clouds seemed to believe in the God of the Christians, the same is not true with characters in Saint Marie. Right from the start, Marie who is used as a representation of the Dark One has a sole purpose of ensuring that the “nuns stoop down off their high horse to kiss” her toenails. (Erdrich)
We will write a custom Essay on The Relationship between Native Americans and Christians specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While Father Paul uses persuasion to convince the Native Americans to join the church, the nuns in Saint Marie led by Leopolda use threats and brutality to achieve this purpose. In fact, Leopolda seems to have been so brutal such that even revelers at the local pub had to erect a poplar stand to ensure that there was no holy witness to their fall.
This is different from Father Paul who coexisted with the locals in a very peaceful manner. Marie likens Leopolda’s attempt to get the locals to join the church to the viciousness exhibited by a Walleye when it is about to strike. (Erdrich)
While Father Paul minds his own business and is willing to welcome anyone in the church, Sister Leopolda uses a “long oak pole” to drive Satan from the midst of her students. Instead of welcoming Marie in a polite manner when she decides to join the Convent, Sister Leopolda literally throws her bundle in the corner and tells her “You’ll be sleeping behind the stove.” (Erdrich)
This is unlike Father Paul who is overjoyed wherever the natives decide to pay him a visit. By analyzing the two stories, it becomes clear that while the relationship between Native Americans and Christianity was good, it could get nasty at times as witnessed in Saint Marie.
Conclusion The relationship between Christianity and Native Americans has been a topic of discussion among American authors for a long time. Among the authors who have discussed this topic in a deep way are Louise Erdrich and Leslie Marmon Silko whose stories titled Saint Marie and The Man to Send Rain Clouds respectively are regarded as the best examples explaining this relationship.
By closely reading the stories, one is able to realize that this relationship was good but at other times, it could get nasty as witnessed in the relationship between Sister Leopolda and Marie.
Works Cited Erdrich, Lousie. Saint Marie, 1984. Web.
Silko, Leslie. The Man to Send Rain Clouds, n.d. Web.
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Life after death Term Paper a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Death is the process through which the normal functioning of the body is terminated. Some of the causes of death include accidents and disease infections. Many societies put a lot of concentrations on the aspect of death. Dead bodies are treated with a lot of respect in many societies. The body is taken care of and disposed as per the traditions.
This is because if the people go against the traditions, the spirit of the dead person will come back and haunt them. In some cases, some people left will before death. The burial ceremony should follow the dead person’s instructions. In some societies killing another person was very bad and people feared committing murder. This is because the spirit of the person came back to the murderer and tortured him.
After death, people join the spiritual world. In the Egyptian Religion, belief in life after death was very strong. Upon the death of Pharaoh, he was buried together with his properties as well as slaves who could continue serving him after death. They believed that death was the beginning of a new life in a new world. The Pharaoh was a mediator between the Egyptians and their God (Haddow 157).
Discussion The process through which death occurs has for a long time been a major concern of many religions as well as philosophers. For instance, in many traditional religions, death must have a cause. In African traditional religions, the power of magic like sorcery can cause death.
They had traditional witch doctors that had the power to cure illnesses caused by witches and sorcerers. In many religions across the world, people belief in life after death and also being born again in the world after an individual. Some people belief that after people dies, their spirits enter into unborn children and they are born again through that child. In this case, they believe that the new born child will posses the same characteristics like that person.
In many African societies, children are named after their ancestors as an indication that their ancestors are still living and should be remembered. The issue of life after death has been a great debate in the scientific field as scientists have not been in a position to determine whether or not there is life after death. However, religions like Christianity strongly belief in life after death (Haddow 177).
The concept of life after death is defined differently by different people. Different religions also have their own ways of defining the concept. There is a belief that the concept was coined by intelligent people who saw the need of people having something to hope for after death which marks the end of human life. Life after death is the belief in the continuation of life after death. Some people hold the belief that if an individual’s behavior is good and attends church services, then the person will go to heaven.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, rude and disobedient people are believed to join hell after death. Life in heaven is full of happiness as people sing to praise the lord. In hell, people are tortured because of their wrong deeds on the world. It is believed that people lament forever in hell. Because of these beliefs nobody likes to be associated with hell. All people wish to lead good lives after death (Haddow 187).
I have a strong belief in the existence of life after death because the world in which we live in is unjust. Job a servant of God asked whether people would live again after death. Many religions have answered his question but in different ways. Many religions belief that life after death is determined be the life we live before we die. Each religion has established rules and regulations which guide people in their relationship with each other.
Observation of these rules and rituals of the religious doctrine leads to a happy life after death. Christians strongly belief in life after death. In the Apostles Creed recited by all Christian denominations whenever the they meet for worship, the statements “the resurrection of the body”, “survival of Saints” and “the communion of Saints” which means a bond between the dead and the living is an evidence that Christians belief in life after death (Dunlap, 157).
The Society of Psychical Research was formed in 1982 by some scientific men who wanted to investigate the concept of life after death in a scientific way. American Psychologist William James Founded another society in America in 1985 with the aim of carrying out that research. The result of their researches was put down in records. F. W. H Myers recorded in finding in his book referred to as “Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death in 1903”.
According to Myers the belief in life after death among Christians is a reality. According to her, information from the dead could be passed to living people. G.N.M. Tyrrell, a leader of the SPR asserted that the existence of life after death is the only way through which the security of people’s life will be achieved. In this new life, people will inherit everything and will be guaranteed of immortal life. There is no death anymore (Dunlap, 160).
Traditional evidence in life after death comes out kin the 19th century when living people communicated with the dead with, mediums acting as mediators.
In addition to this, People had the power to visit the spiritual world after which they communicated with ancestors. Once they regained their normal, state, they passed the information to other People. The Christian doctrine discourages the practice of mediums as unholy and against the laws of God.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Life after death specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Seeking assistance from the mediums is against the Christian law. In the book of Deuteronomy in the Old Testament, the bible clearly prohibits the practice. Between the period of 1901 and 1932, Evidence of survival is shown by the communication between Myers who had died in 1901 and five women who were medium. The information gathered by the five women had many things in common.
Another evidence of life after death is re-incarnation. Buddhism and Hinduism religions believe that the soul of an individual after death is either re-born again in another person or joins the supernatural beings. Christians believed in incarnation in the olden days but modernization has changed the idea. In the traditional setting, ancestors visited people physically in dreams and instructed them what to. They also instructed them of the dangers likely to happen to them like droughts and famine and the measures they should take.
The ancestors passed the information to the living through some people like mediums and priests. Many traditional societies offered sacrifices to the ancestors to appease them so that they do not bring misfortunes to them. The quality of the sacrifices also mattered. They offered the best. Communication between the living and the dead is strong evidence that after death, people go somewhere where they continue with their life (Dunlap, 170).
Plato and Socrates his teacher were strong believers of reincarnation. According to Plato, reincarnation of soul depended on the actions of the person before death. The person’s soul is rewarded for the good deeds and also punished for the bad deeds. He also suggested that some souls could be condemned. The aspect of death and fate of soul were very different according to Socrates. According to him, there was evidence that people lived again after death (Shaw 516).
Conclusion In the old testament of the bible, evidence of reincarnation is clearly indicated. In the book of Isaiah, the Lord says that he new Jeremiah even before he was formed in his mothers womb. In the book of Ecclesiastes, the lord says that he did not create his people only to let them die.
These verses give Christians hope that they will lead new lives after death. The life in this world is full of hardships and temptations. Life is never smooth in this world. People have to work hard in order to get their daily basic needs. I belief in life after death which, according to me people lead good lives. Evidence in Christian doctrine, reincarnation and traditional evidence in life after death makes it clear that there is life after death (Prasad 30).
Works Cited Haddow, Angus. Life after Death: PSI Evidence and Religious Belief. The Journal of Religion and Psychical Research, 1.1 (n.d):183-193.
Dunlap, Jeanetta. Reincarnation and survival of Life After Death: Is there Evidence that Past Life Memories suggest reincarnation?. Academy of spirituality and paranormal studies, inc. 1.1 (n.d): 157-170.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Life after death by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Prasad, Ramanuj. The Life After Death. New York: Pustak Mahal, 2005.
Shaw, David. Cryoethics: Seeking life after death. The Journal of Boiethics, 23. 9 (2009): 515–52.
Alcoholism-Nature vs Nurture Debate Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Background Alcoholism can have an effect on anybody. It has massive outlays as it relates to cultures. Even though we have some idea on alcohol, all we don’t know is the exact root of this dilemma. Some researchers are repeatedly looking for answers to the long-standing nature versus nurture debate.
Dissimilar scrutinies are slit between a biological and a psychological example. (Thomas, et al, 2003, p.1939)The analysis done on the abuse of alcohol alone shows that more than $100 billion dollars are spent annually. It is also believed that, every body in America pays up to $1000 annually to cater for the outlays of unnecessary health care, vehicle accidents, crime and mislaid output resultant from alcohol abuse. (Rutter, 2002, p.997)
This research paper tries to relate alcoholism-nature vs. nurture debate to physiological psychology. To start with, “Physiological psychology is the study of the physiological basis of how we think, connecting the physical operation of the brain with what we actually say and do”. (Masters, 2001, p.346) The analysis on physiological physiology regarding alcohol shows that, alcohol displays feelings of superiority and fearless behavior and also, it reduces an individual’s fear.
Alcohol reduces an individual’s fear
Some researches done shows that alcohol serves up to reduce an individual’s echelon of self-awareness. In his article, Jay proves that alcohol leads to the rising of acceptance and reliance.
In one his quotes, “Jay adds to say one who experiences the painful reality of a death in their family may find the experience too difficult to deal with, and the feeling produced by alcohol assists in the coping process”. (Jay, 1981, p.587) Jay adds to say, alcohol helps in reducing the fear of facing some difficult issues. Finally, he concludes by addressing that alcohol helps in relieving some stressful events such as job loss, divorce among others. (Jay, 1981, p.589)
Alcohol displays feelings of superiority and fearless behavior
In his research, an author by name Rutter quoted that, “when people take in alcohol to the point of intoxication, they display feelings of superiority and fearless behavior”. (Rutter, 2002, p.998) Rutter, proved that males who take alcohol show higher levels of violent behavior than females. The violent behavior brought by alcohol gives them the boldness of resisting any kind of fearful act.
Summary In summary, the alcohol abuses and alcoholism have an effect on every body. It is said to have the highest outlays in the world. The analysis done shows that no one clarification appears to be greater than the other.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The research that has already been done shows that by the help of Physiological psychology, alcohol has been proved to have some benefits in ones life. It is believed that, Alcohol displays feelings of superiority and fearless behavior as well as reducing an individual’s fear. The two are among the analyses on alcohol that have contributed a lot in boosting someone’s life.
References List Jay, H. (1981). A self-awareness model of the causes and effects of alcohol consumption. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90(6), 586-600.
Masters, R. (2001).BIOLOGY AND POLITICS: Linking Nature and Nurture. Annual Review of Political Science, 4(1), 345-369.
Rutter, M. (2002).The Interplay of Nature, Nurture, and Developmental Influences. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 59(1), 996-1000.
Thomas, S, Randall, C,
Scenarios of Critical Decisions One May Need To Make As a Manager Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Human Resource Management involves handling personnel decisions which have an impact in the performance of any organization or company. These decisions may include hiring, position assignment, training, deciding on employees’ benefit and compensations among others.
For that case most organization’s executives appreciate human resource manager’s experiences and skills in assessing personnel (Charles
Erickson’s Theory of Development Research Paper cheap essay help
Erik Erickson (1902-994) was a German psychoanalyst who expounded on developmental stages in relation to the role of specific stage. He believed that children develop in a predestined sequence where their socialization affects them and their self-perception. For instance, when infant’s emotional and physical wants are neglected, they attain their role through developing capacity to have or lack confidence on them. All the same the unaccomplished roles haunt a person in the stages that follow.
Erickson was convinced that childhood is exceptionally crucial for personality development. Convinced by a number of Freud’s theories he however rejected his notion of expounding personality singly on the ground of sexuality. Erickson asserted that personality continuously enveloped even past five years (Sigelman
Ethical failures in business Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Ethical failures in business are not uncommon. Companies sacrifice even the simplest ethical principles for the sake of competitiveness and higher profits. Customer service professionals and salespeople often find themselves troubled by unethical values, with which they are bound to comply.
Customer satisfaction is rightly considered as one of the weakest elements of corporate ethics: competition and market saturation place new demands on businesses. Pragmatism bordering on ethical absurdity often turns into the main instrument of retaining customers.
Yet, unethical profits are never long-term. More often than not, customers do not accept unethical service and refuse to continue their relationships with unethical businesses. Therefore, organizations must build and sustain a healthy, ethical climate which will serve the basic measure of customer satisfaction in the long run.
Martha Wang has recently been appointed to Consumer Affairs Department of Herb’s Garden Products (Bauer
Challenges of the Huge Data in the Day-to-Day Transactions Term Paper essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Radio-Frequency Identification technology (RFID)
General Use of the Current Technological Devices
Storage Challenges Caused by Hi-tech Devices
Data Loss through Portable Devices
Introduction Through the years, there have been many devices, which have ventured to offer relief and easy working procedures to many users. These devices are rather expensive but have a vital task to perform in this vast and rapidly growing technology globe.
Such devices include Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID), Global Positioning Systems (GPS), multi-media devices and Personal Digital Assistant (PDAs), which in the current market are for carrying out different tasks, or running different applications for user contentment. The most powerful feature they possess is their ability to receive, hold, store and send large amount of data. Current technology provides devices with huge storage memory or ability to transact large information.
There is urgent need to address the implications of handling or accommodating data of such large capacity. The devices have grown from large handheld devices to small portable memory cards or chips but increased in transformation and data storage capacity. This paper addresses some of the challenges the huge data may pose in the day-to-day transactions.
Radio-Frequency Identification technology (RFID) “RFID protocol is a communication protocol that uses radio waves to enable the transfer of data from an electronic tag attached to an object for the reader” (Espejo 2009). When passes through a reader, each of the tags generates a string of datum hat makes up a message.
Failure to filter such messages can easily cause clog up on flow of data thus compromise the meaning of data representation or interpretation when another source of data passes through the same threshold. Filtering data therefore facilitates noise reduction, and ability to reduce redundancy of processed data to significant levels.
General Use of the Current Technological Devices The Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) is mainly used in maintenance of field data through use of various features such as RFID transceivers that assists in reading and writing on the transponder. The Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and wireless modem also manage data in a similar manner. The GPS detects geographical coordinates and with support of the mobile modem, the information is sent to the database.
Most of the current multimedia devices enhance information processing and search tools funnel streams of data from the reader heads to centralized systems or hold the information in virtual machines during real-time transactions. Various devices such as the GPS, RFIDs and PDAs have common style of warehousing data analogously.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Users have therefore forgotten the need to implement methods of collecting, cleaning, transferring, warehousing and updating this huge data at the appropriate locations. Various inferences such as management strategies for the RFID’s generated data are very important. According to Espejo (2009), the data is delivered in real time and thus requires immediate propagation of the infrastructure.
The devices are mostly used for processing and storing office files, calendar listings, phone numbers, maps, images, system files, mp3s, movies and even games. The PDA has been characterized by high storage memory of over 4GB and high speeds of over 133x for duplicating, uploading and downloading files.
Storage Challenges Caused by Hi-tech Devices Although many people as well as organizations preferred to process and store their data in these devices, there can be negative aspects that scores of users fail to cover up (Haylor, 2005). Apart from being beneficial, the devices sometimes cause havoc to the data stores and information management systems.
Ignorance over the huge data management has resulted to mismanagement, collapse of the devices or loss of data, which would otherwise be easy to prevent. If users implement good back up systems for their data or avoiding disintegration of information tin various storage location, devices like RFID, GPS and PDAs would be manageable at all levels of usage (Haylor, 2005).
Many organizations have lost important data through theft such as cyber crimes, due to poor storage or lack of traceability options. Huge amount of information is left on machines for and lack of management procedures causes malfunctions.
The portability nature of these devices has made it easy to carry around and be used anywhere, anyhow and anytime according to user’s needs. Portability has also made the information in the machines to become more vulnerable to theft. Malicious attacks on information thefts target portable data devices since it is easy to establish a connection. Increase in theft is also high due to the soaring venerability rates.
Data Loss through Portable Devices Procedures for storing information have also been altered because these devices are subjected to virus attacks, through sharing and downloading of files.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Challenges of the Huge Data in the Day-to-Day Transactions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Managing information loss has been a high cost to many organizations since a lot of online data transfers from one PDA or one portable device to another can end up infecting the device with attached threats, which ends up destroying the Operating Systems and causing major loss of data (Chumbler, 2007).
Information can also be lost through these devices through hacking. Research shows that people who use devices such as the GPS are vulnerable of loosing their data, as they do not enhance security measures such as passwords or device locks. In many cases, people have hacked through database of many organizations through portable devices, which are codeless (Chumbler, 2007).
Another exponential way of information loss has been through damage. These devices are more vulnerable to damages such as physical breakage than any other form of storage mechanism. Increased capacity for storage means that more data becomes venerable to loss such as theft or system collapse. If you subject a PDA, GPS or RFIDs to instant shock, their data plates will disintegrate and break off.
PDAs are also vulnerable to data loss when batteries run out. This is because a PDA never shuts down even on prompt. All the data is usually stored in the Random Access memory (RAM). It is easy to notice this since upon putting it on, the display changes and displays all data, meaning the devise was still on process. This is a contrasting factor for a PDA, which stores large amount of data (Espejo, 2009).
Many people have had total or major losses after loosing their mobile devices. Current devices curry all personal or official information due to huge storage abilities. This form of information loss limits chances of getting back the information since it means finding back the device.
Sometimes getting back the device becomes null since the data might be compromised. Research showed that many people who have lost their PDAs often plead and give offers to someone who can find the devices due to the huge data losses. People often plead for data recovery and not the devices since data loss is much greater than loosing the device. This shows how important the data is for such people.
Recommendations Current data warehouses for RFID infrastructure depends activities that occur locally at the station. The data faces real-time querying at the source such as the point-of-sales workstation, where it is stored after generation (Espejo, 2009). When one considers getting data from the GPS system, how can one aggregate all generated information to a central point? One of the biggest challenges of managing the collected data therefore involves aggregation since the tag readers can generate and distribute the data to terminals within the network.
Conclusion The store and forward approach is required to manage data at the source since it is an efficient form of transforming information such as enhancing filtering of data at the source, and querying authenticity of foreign locations. There is general lack of designing data to avoid replication, redundancy and storage without any immediate relocation policies in the mobile devices.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Challenges of the Huge Data in the Day-to-Day Transactions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Hisrich (2008), data production and storage requires “simple performance policy on immediate (online) updates of local databases in response to tag-read and other events. Such policy allows push of data to the central infrastructure (which may be composed of several distributed servers) using persistent queues.”
References Chumbler, M. (2007). Access to government in the computer age: an examination of state public Records Laws. Illinois, IL: American Bar Association (ABA) Publishing.
Espejo, R. (2009). RFID Technology: Technology Issues: Michigan, MI: Gale Publishers.
Haylor, P. (2005). Computer Storage: A Manager’s Guide. Indiana: Trafford Publishing.
Hisrich R. D. (2008). International entrepreneurship: starting, developing, and managing a global venture. London, UK: Sage Publication Ltd.
“A Doll’s House”: Stage Design essay help free
What Type of Play is “A Doll’s House”? One of the foremost characteristics of Henrik Ibsen’s play A Doll’s House is that its plot appears linearly defined, which, in turn, explains the semantic realism of play’s overall sounding. As it is the case with most of Ibsen’s other plays, throughout A Doll’s House, characters’ existential stances never cease undergoing a qualitative transformation. The way characters position themselves at play’s beginning is different from the way they position themselves at play’s end. As it will be shown in this essay, stage design and costumes in “A Doll’s House” influence the characters’ self-positioning and the way the conflict unfolds.
There are reasons to believe that the realism of this particular play reflects the actual workings of the author’s analytical mindset. Ibsen never ceased being aware of the fact that the extent of play’s realistic sounding demonstrates the degree of presented characters’ intellectual flexibility, extrapolated in the particulars of how they address life’s challenges.
As Kaufmann (1965) put it, “[Ibsen] knows that truth never is a possession, but a constant effort to find the appropriate response to every situation which demands a decision” (22). The legitimacy of such our hypothesis can be explored with the play’s synopsis.
“A Doll’s House” Summary Nora Helmer is a married woman, who helped her husband Torvald Helmer (bank clerk) once by borrowing a large sum of money from the bank, after forged her dad’s signature. Torvald is entirely unaware of the forgery that had taken place. Initially, he is a loving husband, who affectionately treats Nora, even though he also appears to be utterly ignorant of Nora’s basic humanity – throughout the play, Torvald treats her as a pretty but soulless doll. Krogstad is another important character in “A Doll’s House”
When being faced with the prospect of losing his job in Torvald’s bank, he threatens to blackmail Nora (because of her forgery) if she does not convince Torvald to refrain from firing him. Eventually, Torvald finds out about Nora’s forgery and becomes enraged over his wife’s presumed infidelity.
In act 1 of “A Doll’s House”, he ends up accusing Nora of moral depravity while suggesting that under no circumstances should Nora have considered keeping secrets from him. Torvald’s behavior opens Nora’s eyes to the fact that she has been loyal to an unworthy man who was unable to address life’s challenges and for whom the continuous observation of social customs meant so much more than ensuring his wife’s happiness.
It begins to dawn upon Nora that her staying with Torvald may very well be compared to the stay of a bird in the cage. After having realized it, Nora decides to leave Torvald, who, in her eyes, has been downsized from a respectful head of the household to a regular moralistic hypocrite, unable to appreciate Nora in a way she truly deserved. Nora says good-bye to Torvald and her children and embarks upon the quest to find her lost sense of identity.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Play Production The earlier provided outline of the plot points out what can be considered the first indication of the play’s dramaturgic uniqueness – the sharply defined dramatics sounding of its themes and motifs. Therefore, it comes as not a particular surprise that the action in A Doll’s House appears spatially limited. As was pointed out by Jakovljevic (2002): “Ibsen’s family drama [A Doll’s House] is set within the space of perspectival constraints.
The entire play takes place in this single set that represents the living room in a middle-class family flat” (432). What it means is that, while staging A Doll’s House, directors must focus their attention on ensuring the psychological plausibility of themes and motifs, contained in this particular play, as their principal priority. The best way to accomplish this is by exposing the essence of psychological anxieties experienced by the play’s characters, as such that relate to the worries on the part of the audience’s members.
Within the context of Ibsen play’s staging, ensuring action’s psychological plausibility will not represent much of a challenge.
The reason for this is simple – unlike what it is commonly assumed, A Doll’s House is not solely concerned with exploring the theme of women’s liberation from patriarchal oppression. It also exposes what accounts for the existentialist incompatibility between husband and wife – subject matter that even today remains utterly relevant.
As noted by Haugen (1979): “Ibsen’s Nora is not just a woman arguing for female liberation; she is much more.
She embodies the comedy as well as the tragedy of modern life” (vii). In other words, there is a clear rationale for a modernist staging of A Doll’s House, as it would emphasize the play’s contemporary themes and motifs. One way of ensuring the conceptual relevance of Ibsen’s play for a modern audience is to stage an unconventional production. The following is how four elements of theatre (set, costumes, characterization, and audience participation) can reflect a modernist staging of A Doll’s House.
Training, Learning and Development programs Employees Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Table of Contents Training and development
Identifying training needs
Selection of Trainees
Training Administration and trainers
Evaluation of the program
For an effective operation, organizations, whether in service, products, public or private entities, need physical and human resources; scholars in strategic business management have agreed that human resources are the greatest asset that an organization can have; without which no business transaction can take place. Human resources management teams with the assistance of line and top managers have the role of maintaining the right employees in quality and quantity teams.
Generally, to have a winning team, organizations should put in place elaborate programs for hiring, training/learning, development, retaining, and redeployment of its staff. Training, learning and development ensure that human resources expertise and talents have been tapped effectively.
Human resources intellectualism, creativity, and innovativeness are developed via an elaborate training process; when these attributes have been developed, they offer a company a competitive advantage (Muller, Maclean and Biggs, 2009). This paper looks into critical stages in any training/Learning
Effects of Computer Programming/technology on Human Behavior Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Technology and Communication
Technology and Information/Education
Technology and lifestyle
The continued use of computers in our everyday life is beginning to alter how we as humans behave. For instance, “multitasking, output and efficiency” (Ullman 2) concepts that ideally just work for machines are slowly defining “human thought and imagination” (Ullman 2).
Computers have a way of actively engaging an individual or seeking their attention when they are about their businesses by either popping up messages on the desktop about “unused icons on your desktop” (Ullman 1) or aid you in writing a document with software like “Clippit” (Ullman 1).
The concept of multitasking “introduced in 1960’s, was an engineering strategy for making computers more efficient” (Ullman 1) and it achieved this by switching “its attention to some other task” (Ullman 1) while waiting for the next human input when being used.
It is only natural for humans to want to adapt this type of efficiency after “years of working in an environment where efficiency is a god and idleness in any component is intolerable” (Ullman 2) by keeping themselves “as busy as possible” and focusing on different things at the same time (Ullman 2).
For instance, we can “drive, eat, talk on the cell phone” simultaneously in an attempt to be efficient; “the ability to multitask, to switch rapidly among many competing focuses of attention, has become a hallmark of a successful citizen of the 21st century” (Ullman 1). With its continuous advancements, modern technology will continue having an impact especially in the areas of communication, information and lifestyle.
Technology and Communication Communication has never been faster or even more instant with the day to day use of both phones and computers. Phones transitioned from the basic feature phones people used to own for the sole purpose of calling and texting, to smart phones that have amazing capabilities and have adapted the concepts of computers. In his article, Mobile Telephone History, Tim Farley exhaustively discussed the development of these devices.
These devices have brought unique changes (Farley 1). Firstly, mobile phones, whether the smart phones or otherwise, provide an avenue for communication among people of different geographic locations, making distance no obstacle. Software like Skype, enable voice or video calls over the internet and this links friends and families in different continents whether using phones or computers. Secondly, communication has also become instant since one is able to get immediate feedback without delays.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Email services have facilitated efficient communication between employers and employees, students and lecturers, in comparison to letter writing which as compared to previous times would take much longer. Thirdly, all these devices have reduced face to face/personal interaction since communication is hugely done using these avenues. This is definitely a negative effect in as much as communication has been enhanced by modern technology.
Technology and Information/Education Modern technology has in effect enhanced our accessibility to information, whether it is about general world news or completing our research projects for school work. In terms of education: students are able to have online discussion forums, do extensive researches and currently there are even online courses which are available for those who cannot attend classes (this is a milestone since conventionally, classrooms were the only forums of learning).
Thomas highlighted some negativity to this form of education. He claimed that although “online discussion forums can be effective in developing student’s knowledge…they do not allow for social construction between students” (Thomas 1).
Another commendable result of modern technology is its ability to make the globe small, i.e. when it comes to television; people in various places can all be streaming live news coverage in a totally different location from the viewers. This means that information is widespread and covers a larger span in the shortest time possible.
Technology has also enabled news and other events watched on television to be streamed live using computers connected to the internet. Other than education and information, in recent times there have been social networks like facebook, tweeter, among others which the young generation has particularly embraced as a form of disbursing information. Much of the rapid spread of news, information and even learning material owe it to technology for providing easy instant access to such.
Technology and lifestyle Our lifestyles have been transformed by advancing technology. Life can definitely be said to have become easier in more ways than one. First change that is undeniably notable is in the house environment.
People own microwaves, dishwashers, washing machines, driers, vacuum cleaners etc, all in an attempt to ease the work they need to do. Secondly, the transport industry cannot be said to have been left behind in this technology. Buses, planes trains and trams, all characterize how we are networking the different geographic locations in order that efficient mobility is achieved.
We will write a custom Essay on Effects of Computer Programming/technology on Human Behavior specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lastly, the work environment is also not spared for there are different machines and devices that have been adapted to improve productivity and enhance efficiency. Robots are also gaining popularity in such forums since they can do the extra work humans allocate them. With all this in mind, as much as our lifestyle is improving by reducing the amount of work we do, caution need to be taken that individuals do not resort to laziness with the excuse that machines will do the work for them.
Works Cited Farley, Tom. Mobile Telephone History. Cems, 2005. Web.
Thomas, Matthew. The Impacts of technology on communication- mapping the limits of online discussion forums. Impact of Technology, 2000. Web.
Ullman, Ellen. “The Boss in the Machine.” New York Times, February 19, 2005. Web.
Young Goodman Brown Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Prelimbib
Prelimbib Campbell, Donna M. “Puritanism in New England.” Literary Movements. Dept. of English, Washington State University. 21 Mar. 2010. Web. This source points to the main principles of Puritanism, the brief that people live in the state of depravity. It helps understand the message of the story.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Young Goodman Brown. Wildside Press LLC, 2005. Print. It is a primary source.
Neary, John. “Shadows and illuminations: Spiritual journeys to the dark side in “Young Goodman Brown” and Eyes Wide Shut.” Religion
Impact of environmental issues and laws in the aviation industry Term Paper best essay help: best essay help
Of late, the world is concerned about environmental conservation and management; domestic and international legislations have been enacted to control operations in different industries in the efforts of attaining sustainable development agendas. The aviation industry has had its share of controls that have affected its operations negatively and positively.
National Air Transport Association applauds the efforts made by environment conservation movements, but it is quick to point out that Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policies have limited growth in the industry (Aviation Today, 2008). This paper discusses the impact of environmental issues and laws in the aviation industry.
Negative effects of environmental laws and legislations on aviation industry Limited growth
Although the industry appreciates, the efforts of environmental movements like Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Friends of the Earth, the industry feel that the requirements of the set policies limit its growth.
The legislations generally wish to reduce emission from aircrafts; however, they have not developed the machines and engines that are environmentally friendly, they leave the burden to aviation companies. When a company is planning on its developments, it sets the base on the available base of operation; however, the same operation level is challenged by environmental conservation movements. The industry thus lacks a constant source of income necessary for development.
To initiate programs requested by the legislations, it requires massive capital investments; this diverts the need for resources. Aviation companies are left at cross roads whether they should initiate recommended environmental programs or they should consider normal development policies. When aviation companies produce environmentally unfriendly products, legislations in some countries charges them pollution taxes that is not an allowable when computing corporation taxes. The taxes are an additional expense to the company reducing resources available for services expansion.
To be compliant, some machinery and aircrafts have been regarded useless since they cannot life to the standards of the legislations; this is an additional cost of disposal to the industry. In some companies, they have received negative publicity from the conservation groups as they advocate for efficiency and environmental conservation, this has directly affected such businesses (Linda, 2007).
The standards set by environment laws and legislations have forced aviation companies to use expensive equipments that are “green compliant”, the cost of such equipments is passed down to the consumer making the services offered more expensive. According to the low of demand, when prices of a service has increased, then the demand for the commodity increases; with the expensive equipments and operating materials, then the demand for aviation services reduces.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the commodities that the laws want used include disposable bags in airplanes, fuel-efficient aircrafts, and aircrafts that do not produce noise.
Kyoto protocol that was ratified in Japan, on 11 December 1997 and aimed to be fully implemented by 16 February 2005, aimed at reducing green house emission . It was a project of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and ratified by 37 industrialized countries and European community.
The main aim of the protocol was to ensure that emission of green house gasses was reduced by 5% below their level in 1990 by the end of 2010. The protocol targeted the major greenhouse emitters; the aviation industry was one of the considered industries. When fulfilling the needs of such conventions, the aviation industry has lost some business at least for the short run (Ernesto
Similarities between Capitalism and Socialism. Compare writing essay help
Introduction Socialism has been regarded as kind of economy which relocates its means of production from individual ownership to state ownership and communal ownership.
A state that operates under socialism possesses all the means of production and also supervises them. This system has been believed to construct a different egalitarian system which is founded on the values of cooperation and solidarity. However, this further relies on another feature where human beings are viewed as capable of interacting and cooperating with one another (Newman 3).
Capitalism on the other hand could be reffered as a system where means of production are employed and owned by individuals. This kind of economy develops under the right of an individual who decides freely where and how they want to produce (Hunt and Lautzenheiser 5). Therefore these are two diverse systems; the following essay illustrates the differences and similarities between these two systems.
Economy and Trade Marxist economists described various ideas concerning socialism and capitalism using various illustrations. According to his famous accounts, capitalist was depicted as destructive, a kind of system that is prone to crisis and administered by logic of capital. It was mostly expressed on the basis of economic laws of motion also the desire to accumulate on the capital.
However, socialism denoted elimination or suppression of such logic and its fundamental drives and laws, hence created the likelihood of a rational, organized way of managing social and economic life. Marxist economists condemned capitalism because of instability and irrational outcomes of a system based on private markets and properties.
Marxist noted the devastating social and economic outcomes of capitalist organizations, economic anarchy; for instance, sales seldom matched actual or expected levels of production, and the overall amount of savings planned for investments, hence affecting business cycles. Other associated crises were ineffective outcomes and uneconomical expenditures which led to starvation, unemployment, and ecological deterioration.
There was social disintegration and fragmentation because of unequal distribution of power and wealth and promotion of privacy, social interests, and personal interests over public. It encouraged alienation for instance through commodity fetishism because conception of false needs was encouraged rather than satisfaction of true needs. This led to denial of genuine individual knowledge concerning themselves and also the society surrounding them (Ruccio and Amariglio 216-17).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In contrast, socialism because of eliminating the scope of private markets and properties and its institution of planning, it has been represented as a system that demonstrates basic rationality and stability. Therefore, the results were fairly different; economic coordination and balance which was supervised by a central planning board and analyzed by enterprises and ministries.
Furthermore, the system portrayed effective and socially beneficial expenditures which were based on coherent calculations and no profit making motive. The system created unification and social harmony because of establishment of relative equality and social and private interests which were then allowed to converge.
More importantly, it promoted self realization and true needs could be articulated and the nature of social interactions was transparent and immediate. Marxist economists has also noted the degree at which capitalism has been based on individual exploitation which involves extraction of surplus value while in socialism almost all surplus was appropriated communally or socially (Ruccio and Amariglio 216-17).
Property Rights Socialism could be defined as transfer of titles of a particular property from those individuals who have invested scarcely to those who have contractually acquired them or for some different use. It could be regarded as a social system where the scarce resources or means of production which are utilized to produce consumption products are socialized or nationalized.
The concept of socialization of means of production has been practiced in a number of countries such as Soviet Union and afterwards by Soviet dominated nations of Eastern Europe and various countries all over the world. If private property becomes the means of production, then one encourages differences. By eradicating private ownership everybody’s ownership means of production is equated.
Every person becomes the co- owner of all the properties and this reflects every individual’s identical standing as a human being. The economic rationale of a scheme like that one is suggested to be more effective. In contrast, capitalism which concentrates on private ownership as the means of production seems to be very chaotic. It appears more of a wasteful system which is characterized by ruinous competition, duplicating efforts and lacks concerted, coordinated action.
Unless the communal ownership is substituted with private then it’s possible to eradicate that waste by executing a single, coordinated comprehensive production plan. The property regulations which are assumed under the socialization policy and those which comprise the general legal principles of nations such as Russia are distinguished by two complementary attributes. First, no one possesses socialized means of production but they are owned socially.
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Compare of Capitalism and Socialism Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Capitalism: A brief overview
Capitalism: A current perspective
Socialism: A brief overview
Socialism: A current perspective
Socialism and Capitalism: causes for debate
Differences between Socialism and Capitalism
Similarities between socialism and capitalism
Recommendation and Conclusion
Arguably, one of the most outstanding features in human beings is their ability to design systems that help them develop various aspects of their civilizations. Over the last century, nations all over the world have implemented various systems that help them allocate, distribute and govern the available resources accordingly.
Despite the effectiveness exhibited by these systems, various scholars and system analysts have come up with evidence that either support or disapprove such systems in relation to how they help the citizenry achieve their needs, and how the governments allocate various resources. Among the most common systems adopted by most nations are the capitalistic and the socialistic economic systems.
Through their use, these systems have in the recent past proven to be effective to some and detrimental to others. This research paper shall set out to explore the differences and similarities between these two systems. A detailed analysis of how each of these systems affects the distribution of wealth and resources within different nations shall also be provided.
This shall aim at elaborating the extent to which each of these systems has proven to be effective in maintaining certain socioeconomic aspects such as human right, health care, social economy, model of development and social wellness among others in specific nations.
Capitalism: A brief overview According to Hooker, Capitalism traces its roots back to the early middle ages where individuals participated in a form of trade known as mercantilism (1). In this trade practice, individuals would distribute goods and services with the main aim of getting profits (Hooker 1).
One of the recurrent characteristic in this form of trade was that merchants would buy goods from one region and redistribute the same to other regions at a higher price. As time went by, this system of trade was introduced and adopted by other nations across Europe. It is from here that the word capitalism was used to define this evolved economic practice.
Capitalism: A current perspective Considering these undertones, Capitalism can be defined as an economic system in which individuals exercise a high level of freedom in matters regarding to acquisition of property, price determination and private ownership of resources. Members of a capitalistic economic system have the freedom to make their own decisions as relating to how best they can utilize the scarce resources in their possession as well as the freedom to own and operate a business of ones choice (Blumenthal 8).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This indicates that in such economies there is little to no government interference on how businesses, income and profits are earned or regulated. In economic terms, Petras asserts that capitalistic economies are run by the forces of demand and supply (1).
In light of this definition and description, one would argue that this is the most convenient system of economic governance because individuals have the freedom to conduct business in a manner that best meets their business goals (making profits and market expansion), all the while appealing to their creativity in running business endeavors (survival for the fittest). However, documented and practical (real life situations) evidence has in the recent past proved that this assumption is far from the truth.
Socialism: A brief overview In the world we live in today, historical as well as present economic situations have proven that granting individuals the freedom to determine market trends (prices, supply, resource allocation and distribution among others) is not only detrimental to ethical business practices, but also prevents the less fortunate from having access to some much needed social amenities such as roads, hospitals, schools and in some instances land.
The socialistic economic system is based on the principles of equality, freedom of expression and individual’s ability to exercise democracy. As such, is an economic system through which government and other significant regulatory bodies determine how, scarce resources should be allocated and distributed equally to all sectors of their economy.
Socialism: A current perspective In regard to the above description, socialism can be described as a political and economic theory which advocates for the equal distribution of a nation’s scarce resources and wealth through the government (Pierce 16). Arguably, this is a convenient economic system in today’s world which is characterized by greed, injustices and high inequalities in both the social and economic/income perspectives.
Socialism and Capitalism: causes for debate Ask yourself this question: what would happen to the world if people were allowed to only produce goods and services that earned them high profits? Would you afford to buy a car, use the roads, hospitals or even have access to a descent education? The answer that pops up in my head is; ‘NO’. This is mainly attributed to the fact that such amenities have proven to be of great use to us as human beings. In other words, they are highly demanded by people.
It therefore goes without saying that if they were individually owned with no government interference or regulations, the prices charged on such amenities would be insanely high such that only the rich in the society would benefit. So what happens to the poor members of the populace? This scenario highlights the differences between these two economic systems.
We will write a custom Essay on Compare of Capitalism and Socialism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Blumenthal, capitalists believe in the notion that survival is indeed for the fittest (274). As such, the author suggests that capitalists are firm believers of the fact that everyone has a right to own as much land, property, resources as he/she is able to acquire.
Pierce further reiterates that capitalistic economies are defined by the notion that people who do not work as hard as those with property and other resources should not eat or be given special considerations because wealth is a reward for a person’s determination, creativity and aggressiveness in similar business situations (387).
These are logical arguments considering the fact that if people were spoon-fed without any ambitions or efforts, the world would have been a sad place characterized with low productivity, poor growth and development and poverty. As such, the capitalistic economic system would be most desirable if a nation wishes to promote determination, wealth creation and hard work among its citizenry.
However, Ross asserts that this economic system and its proponents fail to acknowledge the fact that there is no country within which people enjoy equitable distribution of natural resources (85). This is mainly due to geographical and climatically factors which in most cases affect the level of resources that can be found in a specific region within a country. In addition, people do not have equal mental skills.
This means that while an individual in Afghanistan can comfortably do some productive farming in the desert, another individual in the Sahara desert may not necessarily posses the same intellect or skills to do the same. In addition, the capitalistic economic system undermines the fact that no government can guarantee employment to all its citizens.
On the other hand, socialists believe in the notion that the government should be responsible for the allocation and distribution of resources within their countries.
This sentiment is further accentuated by the fact that government-regulated resource allocation is the most viable means of promoting equal growth and development within the country as well as an effective tool for combating inequalities and poverty within a nation. With these undertones, this report shall use various parameters to indicate the differences and similarities between these systems.
Differences between Socialism and Capitalism Arguably, people go to work or spend most of their time working so that they can accumulate their wealth base and get financial rewards which in turn enable them to achieve set goals and objectives. According to Ross, capitalistic economies are governed by very strict policies regarding the ownership of private property (128).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Compare of Capitalism and Socialism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As such, it would be safe to suggest that economic beliefs held by capitalists are most often influenced by private investment and innovation. This means that capitalistic economies are designed in such a manner that citizens can freely buy and sell their own property/possessions. This is not the case in socialistic economies in which private ownership of property is to a large extent discouraged or lack property rights (Kronenwetter 67).
In regard to investments, Pierce alludes that socialism discourages its proponents from investing (214). Personal investment means that some people will have more resources or wealth than others and this would go against the principles that govern this economic system.
In addition, people probably shy away from investing because at the end of the day, their effort will not matter as much as the notion that they should share their wealth and resources with those who do not have regardless of their effort or contribution in the investment (Pierce 229). Blumenthal therefore asserts that in a socialist setting, the probability of lazy people exploiting their hardworking counterparts is significantly high (114).
On the other hand, Blumenthal argues that unlike socialism, capitalism is a source of encouragement in regard to creativity and innovation (267).
The author suggests that due to the unequal distribution of resources that is normally backed by the capitalists’ desire to succeed; people are often under pressure to exhibit high levels of innovativeness and creativity as they struggle to remain relevant in an economy characterized by high levels of competition related to resource and market share acquisition.
This assertion is further reinforced by the fact that in most cases, people who have limited resources tend to work harder than their counterparts with more resources.
Similarly, Blumenthal sheds some light on the fact that capitalists have a right to patent their property as long as they do not infringe the rights of other people (28). As such, monopoly is a common and acceptable practice in capitalistic economies. However, this is not the case with socialism where every piece of property is government owned and monopolistic business entities are not allowed (Pierce 38).
A great example to expound this fact is the American health care system which is documented as being the most expensive in the world. This is mainly due to the fact that most insurance companies as well as health care facilities are owned by private parties who normally prioritize profits before safeguarding the wellbeing of their clients.
However, this is not the case with Australian health systems where the universal health care system which allows all citizens equal treatment is adopted. The American health care system is an example of a capitalistic business practice while the Australian system represents the socialistic approach in healthcare delivery.
Similarly, a look at the capitalistic Russia indicates that capitalism is detrimental to the growth of any economy. For example, since Poland shifted turned into a capitalistic nation, more than 20% of its labor force were considered unemployed by the year 2004.
In addition, 30% of the employed citizens get low paying jobs. Additionally, the real per capita growth of Poland has decreased significantly in comparison to the preceding 15 years that the country was socialistic in nature (Petras 1). The economic situation being experienced by the people of Poland are similarly being experienced by people in Bulgaria, Romania and most parts of East Germany which is filled with capitalists.
In addition, Russia which is a capitalistic economy has in the past two decades experiences political and economic unrests and declined progress due to the fact that most of the resources therein are owned by a numbered few who use illegal means such as murder, corruption, intimidation and violence to cut-off competition.
In addition, the nation is run by criminals who pillage resources for personal gains. As a result, the provision of social amenities such as hospitals and schools has declined significantly since such issues are not given adequate budgetary allocations in the national budget.
Similarly, the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS has increased even among young children who are subjected to child labor or forced labor as prostitutes and drug peddlers. In regards to mortality and life expectancy rates, the number of premature deaths increased above 15 million deaths after Russia transitioned to capitalism.
Petras suggest that these numbers would have been significantly lower if Russia stayed as a socialist nation (1). In addition, the life expectancy rate of Russian men decreased from 64 years to 58 years as a result of the increased rates of suicide, drug abuse, alcoholism and prostitution which came about after the transition into capitalism.
On the same not, a country like Armenia which was recognized as a technological hub has been reduced to a sad state of affairs where the number of scientists and researchers reduced from 20, 000 in 1990 to a shocking low of 5,000 professionals in 1995 (Petras 1).
Currently, the country is run by criminals and most of the population therein do not have access to power and heat facilities. These are the side effects that capitalism has on an economy.
The fact that people in capitalistic economies have unrestricted rights to do as they please means that the rich will get richer while the poor becomes poorer. The level of lawlessness exhibited in the above mentioned capitalistic nations is proof enough that without regulatory systems, most of the core values that hold a nation together are most likely bound to be neglected as people try to fight for survival and accumulation of personal wealth.
In contrast, Cuba and Bangladesh have recorded significant progresses since they adopted the socialistic system of economic governance. For example, by the year 2003, Cuba’s infant mortality had improved significantly (6 deaths per 1000 live births) as compared to statistics presented in 1989 (11 deaths per 1000 live births).
In addition, Russia only spent an average of 5% of its GNP on public and private health care while Cuba spent a little over 16.7% to support the same. In addition, the male life expectancy rates increased to 74 years in 2003 while it reduced to 54 in Russia (Petras 1).
During the same year, unemployment reduced by 3% in Cuba. This was as a result of the government initiative which enabled the youth to access training and educational programs that facilitated their efforts of acquiring employment. In contrast, capitalistic Poland had a 21% increase in unemployment during that period (Petras 1). Poverty has also reduced significantly in Bangladesh and Cuba.
This is mainly due to the fact that socialistic economies have regulated minimum wages which are increased in accordance to the type of job being done. In addition, the fact that resources are government owned means that they are distributed equally thereby promoting balanced progress in all sectors all the while ensuring that citizens have access to the basic social amenities. These are the characteristics of socialism that have aided such countries progress to such unimaginable statuses.
Similarities between socialism and capitalism Ross states that the distribution of resources is the key concern in both the Socialism and Capitalism systems. In capitalistic settings, resources are distributed by those who have the ability to acquire them while in socialistic economies; resources and wealth are distributed by the governments. Similarly, both systems have proven to be unfair to various members of the economies. In both cases, wealth and resources are not distributed fairly.
For example, since the government allocated and distributes wealth and resources in a socialistic economy, people who work hard are at a loss since their efforts and rewards will be shared amongst those who do not have regardless of the reasons behind their lack of performance. The same case applies in capitalistic economies where those who are able acquire more resources than those who cannot access them regardless of the reasons behind their inabilities.
As regarding to company policies and management, both economic systems share the concept that markets can be monopolized. For example, the government in socialistic economies controls the market since it has all the resources. The same is true in capitalistic economies where the person/organization with the most resources controls the market (Blumenthal 231).
Regardless of the characteristics, the government has the power to decide and intervene in both systems. By using various economic policies, the government can influence capitalistic markets just as much as it does on socialistic markets. On the same note both systems make provisions for their citizens upon retirement.
For example, in capitalistic economies, private organizations as well as those owned by the government offers their retired employees pensions which help them cope and survive after their contracts have expired. Similarly, governments in socialistic economies have programs that cater for the needs of retired employees when the time comes. These are some of the similarities that are evident in socialistic and capitalistic economic systems.
Recommendation and Conclusion This report has effectively illustrated that there are differences as well as similarities between socialism and communism. While each has various strengths and weaknesses, the discussion herein has shown that capitalism is not the best economic system to adopt in this day and age.
The risks associated with capitalism far outweigh the benefits as has been proven by the examples illustrated in this paper. Considering the fact that both systems have loyal followers, it would be best if they set aside their differences and learn from the weaknesses inherent in their preferred systems.
For example, while socialism advocates for the spirit of brotherhood (sharing and equality) among its followers, it has been noted that lazy socialists may take advantage of their hardworking counterparts and conveniently survive on their effort and sweat. On the other hand, capitalism is based on the Darwinian concept that survival is of the fittest. However, there are capitalists who may suffer due to inadequate access to resources despite the fact that they may want to succeed.
As such it stands to reason that socialists should adopt the Darwinian concept in a bid to promote hard work among fellow socialists and at the same time, the capitalists can utilize the brotherhood concept and share with those who are less fortunate in their economies.
Implementing such a strategy would not only guarantee economical success in terms of growth and development, but it would also ensure that followers in these systems enjoy some peace, equality and fairness as they go about their day-to-day activities. By accepting these changes, the world can finally look forward to a future characterized by practices that work for the common good of all.
Works Cited Blumenthal, Max. Republican Gomorrah: Inside the Movement that Shattered the Party. Minnesota: Minneapolis, 2009. Print.
Hooker, Richards. Capitalism. Web.
Kronenwetter, Michael. Capitalism versus Socialism: Economic Policies of the US and the USSR. California: San Francisco, 1986. Print.
Petras, James. Capitalism versus socialism: The great debate revisited. Web.
Pierce Charles, P. Idiot America: How Stupidity Became a Virtue in the Land of the Free. Massachusetts: Yarmouth, 2009. Print.
Ross, John. Murdered by Capitalism: A memoir of 150 Years of Life and Death on the American Left. California: San Francisco, 2006. Print.
Experimentation on Animals Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Presenting the Case
Introduction The debate about experimentation on animals, though well documented in literature, is still endeavoring to free itself from past controversies and current challenges.
This particular debate have attracted many advocates and critics, each advancing valid reasons as to whether it is morally, scientifically and logically right to subject animals to experimentation (Horner