Philosophy: The Puzzle Of Identity By Gottlob Frege Essay College Essay Help Near Me

One of the reasons why many people experience a hard time while trying to ensure that the verbal/written messages that they convey to others are being properly understood is that it is in the very essence of language, as a communicational medium, to alter the semiotics of informational transactions.

In its turn, this can be discussed as the direct result of the fact that there are two semantic aspects (sense and reference/denotation) to just about any linguistic unit (sign), which denotes a particular emanation of the surrounding reality – hence, the sheer ease with which some individuals tend to misinterpret the referential ‘identity’ of verbal/written sentences. Apparently, the mentioned aspects are not easily identifiable.

However, for those who are aware of the discursive significance of the issue at stake, this should not prove too challenging – the idea that Gottlob Frege used to promote. In this paper, I will explain the meaning of Frege’s idea, in this respect, and provide a critical evaluation of the proposed solution, on his part.

The conceptual essence of Frege’s line of argumentation, in regards to what accounts for the ‘problem of identity’, can be outlined as follows. When we come up with an object-denoting sentence, there is a certain chance for the concerned message to end up misread. The reason for this is that the object of denotation does not always correlate with the denotation’s semantic significance.

The validity of this suggestion can be illustrated, in regards to the referential sentences “the country that is being the most committed to promoting the cause of democracy in the world”, on one hand, and “the country that dropped a nuclear bomb on the innocent civilians in Hiroshima”, on the other. As it can be well seen, in both cases, the referential point appears to be the U.S.

At the same time, however, there are only a few doubts that the mentioned sentences convey messages that can hardly be considered semiotically compatible. Why would this be the case, given the fact that both sentences denote exactly the same? The reason for this is that both of them represent the denoted object in a specific contextual light, which Frege used to refer to as the ‘mode of representation’:

“A difference can arise only if the difference between the signs corresponds to a difference in the mode of presentation of that which is designated” (24). Apparently, the denoted object’s ‘mode of representation’ accounts for the actual sense of the sentence’s semantic connotation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In its turn, this implies that one of the ways towards solving the ‘puzzle of identity’, is concerned with ensuring that there is a semiotic unity between three qualitatively different aspects of the actual manner of how a particular object is being referred to – ‘sign’ (name), ‘reference’ (denotation) and ‘sense’ (idea).

Nevertheless, there can also be cases when, despite not denoting a particular object of reference, some sentences make a semantically legitimate sense, such as the following: “I would like to meet the smartest person on Earth”. As it can be well seen, this sentence does not refer to any concrete person, who is being deemed the world-smartest’, but rather implies his possible existence.

We can discuss long and hard whether it is being discursively appropriate to assume that there is indeed such a possibility, however, it cannot be denied that semantically and syntactically speaking, the above-provided sentence is thoroughly plausible. The reason for this is that the suggestion that the smartest person on Earth can indeed be identified, correlates well with the people’s unconsciously defined cognitive predispositions.

After all, while reacting to the socially induced external stimuli, throughout the course of our lives, we inevitably learn that people do in fact differ, in terms of what happened to be the measure of their intellectual brightness. In its turn, this naturally brings us to conclude that there must a person out there, who can be considered the world-smartest.

Consequently, this means that: a) The point of the complex sentence’s denotation is the actual ‘sense’, which it supposedly carries. b) The measure of the concerned sense’s actuality positively relates to its ability to appeal to people emotionally. As Frege noted: “We are… driven into accepting the true value of a sentence as constituting its reference. By the truth value of a sentence, I understand the circumstance that it is true or false” (29).

The suggestion B further implies that, even though one’s perception of the surrounding reality is utterly subjective, there are nevertheless several ‘senses’, the discursive soundness of which is being recognized by just about anyone – this is exactly what makes communication between people possible, in the first place.

What it means is that to be able to denote an ‘identity’ that will not be misinterpreted, the sentences’ ‘sense’ should represent the value of a ‘thing in itself.’ That is, it should remain fully consistent with what happened the manner, in which a human cognitive psyche works.

We will write a custom Essay on Philosophy: The Puzzle of Identity by Gottlob Frege specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Nevertheless, there are several apparent drawbacks to Frege’s conceptualization of the ‘semantic triangle,’ concerned with the author’s vision on what accounts for the significance of the ‘sign,’ ‘reference’ and ‘sense,’ as informational mediums. The foremost of them can be formulated as follows: Frege promotes the idea that semantic ‘senses’ are fully objective.

This idea, however, cannot be considered fully plausible – especially in light of the recent breakthroughs in the field of neurology. The reason for this is that, contrary to Frege’s assumption that, while indulging in the communicational activities, people exercise rational control over the process of building sentences/phrases; this is far from being the actual case.

The situation, in this respect, could not possibly be more different, because there is a genetically predetermined ‘innate’ factor to one’s tendency to reflect upon the surrounding environment in one way or another, and to consequently make subjective judgments about it.

For example, whereas, Westerners would be likely to classify the words hammer, nails and saw, as such that convey the sense/idea of ‘instruments,’ it would never occur to the intellectually underdeveloped peasants in Africa to do the same. For them, the earlier mentioned wordily sequence would connote the idea of ‘usefulness’ and nothing else since these people are simply not accustomed to operating with abstract terms.

What it means is that, contrary to how Frede saw it, for as long as a particular sentence continues to denote ‘sense,’ its ability to succeed, in this respect, will be the least reflective of how grammatically/stylistically sound it appears to be.

Frede’s solution to the ‘puzzle of identity’ can also be criticized on the account of being utterly mechanistic, in the sense that it presupposes that it is indeed possible to grasp the significance of a systemic phenomenon (such as language), by the mean of making an inquiry into the qualitative essence of the phenomenon’s elementary components.

After all, as today’s scientists are aware, the overall quality of how a system function is not solely defined by the de facto quality of the system’s integral parts, but also by the particulars of their interrelation with each other.

In a light of this suggestion, the fact that Frede strives to deconstruct the workings of people’s consciousness, as the mean of gaining an insight into what accounts for the innermost aspects of how one should go about ensuring the semantic integrity of his or her verbally expressed thoughts, does not make much of a sense.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Philosophy: The Puzzle of Identity by Gottlob Frege by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The validity of the above-stated can be well shown, in regards to the fact that language is nothing by the product of one’s endowment with consciousness, which in turn is nothing but the by-product of the ongoing biochemical reactions between neurons inside of the concerned person’s brain.

What it means is that Frede’s idea that people are in the position to exercise rational control over their linguistic leanings is far from being considered undisputed. Just as one will not be able to lift itself off the ground by the mean of pulling upwards on its hair, a person will not be able to alter the nature of its cognitive tendencies, by the mean of becoming aware of where they come from.

I believe that the provided explanation, as to what accounts for Frede’s solution of the ‘puzzle of identity,’ and the contained critical remarks (concerning the provided solution), are fully consistent with the paper’s initial thesis.

Works Cited Frege, Gottlob. “On Sense and Reference.” Meaning and Reference. Ed. David Moore. Oxford: OUP Oxford, 1993. 23-42. Print.


Doris Day Biography and Work Research Paper college essay help near me

Dates (Birth/Death/major milestones Doris Day is a seasoned actress in America Her birth date was the 3rd of April, 1924. Some of her major milestones include the following.

She learned dancing at a very tender age.

Between 1968 and 1973, the actress cum singer was at the mantle of the Doris Day Show.

The Doris Day Animal League was founded by the singer.

In 1998, she established the Doris Day Animal Foundation.

She has received several big screen awards in the course of her career.

Birthplace and Major Locations during life Doris Day’s birthplace was in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America. However, she traveled extensively in locations such as Los Angeles, Texas, United Kingdom, Atlanta Georgia, Dallas, California, Kentucky, and Palo Alto.

Musical Training She went through a short lesson for radio. She learned music by herself. She also studied tap dance as well as a ballet during her early years in the music career.

Performance Instruments There is no record on whether she was trained on any instruments.

Historical Importance Animal protection movement is her major historical contribution as a singer and actress.

Writing or composing styles She was a powerful vocalist and it indeed fitted her quite well because it made it possible for her to be formally auditioned into the music industry.

Method of composing She performed in group bands and individual compositions and in some cases as a solo artist. She later transited from the concert stage to films. She also performed in a number of duets

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Musical Innovations and Inventions she was an outstanding composer of several movie soundtrack hits.

Interesting facts Well endowed with multiple talents namely acting, singing and dancing.

Married and divorced severally.

Won a lawsuit against her deceased manager and paid a sum of 22 million dollars

Interactions She was a vocalist with a band led by Bob Crosby in 1940

She teamed up with Les Brown and his group

She also performed a duet with Buddy Clark in 1948

Major types of compositions She performed in different ways. She was a composer and singer. All of her productions were mostly romantic.

Occupation She made her living mainly through radio production, dancing, singing and acting in big screen movies.

Family Life Married and divorced severally and had only one child (Terry) who died in 2004.

She last got married to Barry Comden in 1976. The latter was ten years younger than the artist. He later died in 2009. However, her first marriage was between 1941 and 1943. She was married to Al Jorden during the three years before eventually divorcing him.

Major works In 1950, Doris Day produced Young Man With a Horn. The production was musical. It was meant to be used in a drama film. It was directed by Curtiz Michael. In 1951, she starred in the Lullaby of Broadway. The original version was written by Harry Warren.

The syndicated television movies later adopted the musical tune as the theme song. In 1954, Doris Day featured in Young At Heart. It was directed by Douglas Gordon. Several supporting casts were also used. Ray Heindorf was the music conductor who controlled the overall score and soundtrack.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Doris Day Biography and Work specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Barothy, Mary Anne. Day at a Time: An Indiana Girl’s Sentimental Journey to Doris Day’s Hollywood and Beyond. New York: Hawthorne Publishing, 2007. Print.

Braun, Eric. Doris Day (2 ed.). London, UK: Orion Books, 2004. Print.

Bret, David. Doris Day: Reluctant Star. London, UK: JR Books, 2008. Print.

DeVita, Michael. My ‘Secret Love’ Affair with Doris Day. New York: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2012. Print.

Kaufman, David. Doris Day: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door. New York, NY: Virgin Books, 2008. Print.


Geography of the Volga River Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

The Volga Region, which is also known as the Povolzhye, is an important region forming the Russian Core area, and located on the western part of Russia. The outstanding physical feature gracing this region is the Volga River which stretches from Vidal Hills in the northwest to drain into the Caspian Sea in the south.

For many years before the 1950s, this region lagged in terms of industrial development, as regions like Ukraine and Moscow eclipsed it (Muller and Nijman 94). As from mid 20th century, the people living in this region decided to modify this sub-region by building canals, e.g., the Volga-Don Canal, which linked the river to the Black Sea. The canal formed an important waterway post-WWII.

This region started developing during the WWII era when people from this region chose to retreat from German armies in the west to central Russia. In effect, this region developed in, industrially, dams and reservoirs were built along the river to help generate electricity and irrigate the land.

Gas was exploited, and cities, e.g., Kazan thrived. However, with these developments, came, with its environmental pollution, which significantly affected aquatic species. Of note, the waterway helped the people le in the region to colonies the eastern part (Muller and Nijman 94).

The people living in this realm then modified this region by constructing canals, dams, and reservoirs. The importance of creating canals was that it served to link the inland waterways. For instance, Volga-Don the Canal forms an important link to the Black Sea. This offers a cheap means of transporting foodstuffs and raw materials from one region to the other.

These people chose this course since the Volga River cuts across a vast area of the region, serving as a cheaper means of transport relative to other means (road and rail). The other canals in northwest Russia (Moscow and Mariinsky) are vital in linking Russia to Western Europe. On the other hand, dams and reservoirs are essential energy sources important in driving industrial development.

These people took advantage of the availability of Volga River, also dubbed the ‘Russian Mississippi,’ to explore hydroelectric power. This is a reliable, cheap and eco-friendly energy source. Solar energy could not be exploited because it is unreliable.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The development of dams and reservoirs on the river course has largely affected aquatic life. These have resulted in the blockage of “such anadromous species as beluga sturgeon and white fish which live in the Caspian Sea but spawn in the Volga River and other inland waterways” (Korotenko 323). Moreover, the populations of fishes (roughly 70 species) living in this river have largely been altered.

Effluents emanating from the local industries, municipal and agriculture have functioned to aggravate the situation. Lastly, the water level in the Caspian Sea has significantly reduced owing to evaporation, irrigation, and diversions, further affecting aquatic life.

The canals, dams, and reservoirs met their intended functions. Today, Volga River accounts for 50% of the entire river shipment in Russia, and the dams, e.g., Uglich are important sources hydroelectric power driving the Russian economy. The reservoirs are vital in minimizing floods and irrigating the land.

Also, Russia was able to colonize the eastern region, which is incorporated in the larger Russian realm. Nonetheless, one unintended effect was water pollution which had an insignificant effect on the intended purpose of modifying the region.

The current appearances of regions are products of deliberate actions of human activities that modify regions for economic purposes. Volga Region is no exception. This region, which was modified in the mid-1950s by the creation of canals and construction of dams and reservoirs met its intended purpose.

To this end, the Volga River accounts for a majority of river freight in Russia and the hydroelectric power generated has spurred industrial growth. However, these modifications have left the aquatic environment in a sorry state.

Works Cited Korotenko, Advank. “Prediction of the Dispersal of Oil Transport in the Caspian Sea Resulting from a Continuous Release”. Spill Science


Last of the Mohicans by Fenimore Cooper Essay essay help site:edu

Dealing with the racial issues is not an easy task, especially when it comes to discussing the relationships between the Native Americans and the people who moved to American in search for new opportunities and the need to try his/her luck. The sad outcomes of these relationships have become notorious not only in American history but also all over the world.

The inability to compromise and to find the common language with the natives has been discussed countless times; therefore, another discussion will not add any more novelty. The specifics of the relationships between the white and the native [population of the American continent as it was portrayed in novels, however, is worth close attention.

For example, in Last of the Mohicans, a movie adaptation of Fenimore Cooper’s cycle about the Mohicans, the Frontier in the Last of the Mohicans symbolizes the contradictory relationships between the Natives and the colonists, showing that, no matter what steps might be taken by both parties, neither of them will ever be able to cross the barrier between the two and stay alive.

With the help of rather evident symbolism, Mann manages to create the concept that defines the course of the entire movie. Being an inanimate object, the Frontier seizes the audience’s attention by showing them how the Frontier, an inanimate object, becomes one of the leading characters in the movie.

It must be admitted that the movie offers considerably less ambiguity than the book. While in the novel, it is easier to show the dilemma between making friends and making war, in the movie, the given highlights are somewhat blurred.

As a result, the audience gets a rather one-sided picture concerning the way in which the relationships between the white colonists and the Native Americans developed.

It is important to stress that in the movie, the concept of the Frontier as the symbol for the long-lasting grudge that each of the opponents has been bearing against another one is somewhat in the shadow, while the relationships between the characters, as well as character development, are in the foreground. In fact, little has been left from the original idea of making the Frontier a symbol of the conflict between the two nations.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Frontier is mentioned as the place where the leading characters meet, where they discuss various issues and where the most intense events take place. However, the Frontier is never referred to as the line that splits two nations apart.

One might argue, nevertheless, that the movie conveys the given idea rather subtly. Indeed, the fact that the Frontier is not addressed anywhere directly as the symbol of enmity between two nationalities, does not mean that it is not referred to at all. As it has been mentioned above, the image of the Frontier appears in several scenes that play a pivoting part in the movie plot.

The fact that the movie does not mark the Frontier as the exact venue where all the subplots meet to contribute to the interpretation of enmity between the Native Americans and the invaders does not mean that the Frontier is completely devoid of meaning in the movie. It is remarkable that several key events take place next to the Frontier or at the Frontier.

For example, it is mentioned at least once that “frontier land’s the only land affordable to poor people” (Mann). The given cue makes it clear that the Frontier is considered the “no man’s land,” a place where both the Native Americans and the colonists can enjoy their rights.

The given interpretation adds one more layer to the multiple meanings that the Frontier has in the movie. Not only does it serve as the mark that separates two nations, but also provides the two enemies with an opportunity to have a break from the fight as old as time.

That being said, the Frontier can be viewed as both the point of reconciling with the enemy and being at daggers with the opponent. In that sense, it is much more reasonable to view the Frontier as the point at which both the protagonists and the antagonists make their choices concerning whose interests they are going to fight for.

Although Cooper shows in a very graphic and convincing manner that the relationships of trust, friendship, and even love could exist between the Native Americans and the colonists, it is still worth admitting that such relationships were rather an exception than an everyday occurrence.

We will write a custom Essay on Last of the Mohicans by Fenimore Cooper specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Because of their cultural differences, their attitude towards the American land and their unwillingness to compromise, the Native Americans and the colonists built a wall that separated them from each other much more successfully than the famous Frontier. Being the symbol of a conflict between the two nations who will never come to terms, the Frontier gained a very symbolist meaning very soon and for quite obvious reasons.


Salinity Control System Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Abstract


Main Body: the development of the control system


Abstract This main objective of this project is to design the salinity control system. This report describes the main steps taken by the team and the peculiarities of the new application. This system will be based on the relationship between the voltage and concentration of salt in the liquid.

This development of this application involved the use of the LabVIEW program which was important for describing the main variables. With the help of this program, it was possible to develop the formula and equations that will be important for the functioning of the control system.

This report will also present the discussion of the teamwork during this project and the preparation for the presentation. These are the main questions that should be examined in more detail.

Introduction This project is aimed at developing a salinity control system. One can say that this task was motivated by several factors.

First of all, in the course of this project, team members had an opportunity to design an application that can be used for various practical purposes. For example, this technology can help those people who examine various solutes.

Moreover, the participants could apply their theoretical knowledge while doing various practical tasks that are related to chemistry, physics, and mechanics. This is the main rationale for this group assignment.

One can say that problem-solving played an important role since the team members had to do various technical and theoretical tasks.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is one of the main points that can be made. It was necessary to take several steps. In particular, the team members had to determine the relationship between saline and voltage.

Furthermore, it was important to develop a formula that can accurately describe the relationship between these variables. Based on these results, the team could design a subprogram that can control the level of salinity.

These are the main tasks that had to be done. It should be mentioned that this project involved the use of the LabVIEW program which was necessary for many calculations and the development of equations.

Three students took part in this project, and every member of the team took part in data-gathering, discussions, and the design of the control system. These are the main activities involved in this project.

Overall, one can say that this project proved to be both challenging and interesting. Moreover, the team was able to attain the objectives that were set at the very beginning.

Main Body: the development of the control system As it has been said before, the goal of this project was to design a salinity control system. However, at first, it was important to understand how various variables are related to one another, for instance, one can mention flow rate, the concentration of salt, and voltage.

These indicators play an important role in the design of this technology. Thus, we had to gather data about these indicators. Based on the research, it was possible to develop a mechanism that can regulate the concentration of salt in the liquid.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Salinity Control System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The project involved the use of National Instruments Labview Software which was extremely useful for identification of the formulas and equations that can describe the relationship between variables.

In turn, these equations can later be used for the development of the specific control system. These are some of the main aspects that can be identified. Apart from that, it is vital to mention the use of LabVIEW program.

This software application helped the team to determine the relationship between voltages and the concentration of salt. Apart from that, one can say that this application enabled the team to work out an algorithm which explains the functioning of the new application.

On the whole, one can say that the LabVIEW program was of great benefit to us since it helped us save both time and effort. This is one of the main arguments that can be put forward. As team members, we worked on other projects before, and we chose to work together on this assignment.

This form of cooperation was very convenient to use because we knew one another, and we could combine our skills. This is one of the factors that contributed to the effective work of the team.

We had to take several important steps. First of all, it was necessary to develop a Gantt chart that illustrates the schedule of the project and describes the work breakdown structure. This activity was vital for the productive work of the team, especially the monitoring of the progress.

This is why this step was critical. Additionally, the team held several discussions during which we examined the main components and functioning of the salinity control system. During these sessions, we tried to find the most effective approach to the design of the system.

In the course of this project, we took several steps that were essential for the completion of the project. For instance, much attention had to be paid to data gathering; during this stage, we needed to study the correlation between different salines and voltages.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Salinity Control System by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These indicators were critical for the development of the control system. Thus, we had to spend a significant amount of time to graph this relationship and develop the formula. Apart from that, the team had to make a calibration that uses Data Acquisition Software or DAQ.

The PowerPoint presentation developed for this project reflects the scope of the project, the description of the salinity control system and its functioning. It is important for the visual representation of the future control system.

Apart from that, there were several challenges that the team had to overcome. The main issue was to develop a logarithmic equation of saline which is a function of voltage.

Moreover, we had to spend much time on integrating the components of this system, especially its software and hardware elements. These are the main stumbling blocks that had to be overcome.

Still, we were able to cope with these stumbling blocks. In turn, the most positive aspect is the ability of the team to coordinate the efforts of the participants. Moreover, we could avoid delays, and each participant could make a significant contribution. These are the main positive aspects.

The designed system includes such elements as a cylindrical acrylic plastic tank and magnetic stirring system. It will be possible to control the levels of salinity with the help of a gear pump. This technology will be based on the relationship between voltage and the concentration of salt.

This relationship between these variables will be at the core of this system. The control function will be based on the use of subprogram which will manipulate the concentration of salt in the liquid.

These are the main aspects that can be identified. Overall, this control system can be a useful tool for regulating the concentration of salts in the liquid, and it can be of great use to various professionals.

Conclusion Overall, this project has demonstrated that the team should pay close attention to various aspects. In particular, one should focus on the ability of team members to incorporate hardware and software into a single entity.

The most important to the task is to ensure that the hardware functions according to the algorithm which we developed for this project. Apart from that, it will be necessary to focus on the interactions with contractors and other engineers.

We will need to explain the main functional characteristics of the control system and its peculiarities. It is important to monitor the performance of third-parties that could be involved in this project.

On the whole, the interaction will be important for the proper development of the salinity control system. While working with subcontractors, we should develop timelines and measurable goals according to which the control system can be evaluated.

By addressing these challenges, we can avoid many pitfalls. Apart from that, this project can be based on the work of several teams such as engineers and software designers. Thus, it will be vital to coordinate the efforts of subcontractors and engineers.

These are the main aspects that can be identified. Overall, this project demonstrates that the development of technologies requires the knowledge of different disciplines that can be related to applied science and management. This is one of the main issues that should be considered.


“The ignored lesson of Anne Frank” by Brun Bettelheim Essay college essay help: college essay help

People have endured a lot of turmoil throughout their history. There have been many periods of the reign of inhumanity and vice. The Nazi rule was one of such inhumane periods in the history of Europe.

Millions of innocent people were tortured and murdered. Bruno Bettelheim (1960) notes that many of those deaths could have been prevented. The writer claims that many people were responsible for their own and their close one’s deaths.

The inability of many people to understand what was going on led to deaths. Bettelheim (1960) analyses Otto Frank’s choices along with other Jewish families’ actions during the Holocaust.

According to the writer, Otto Frank did not want to change his life which was the cause of the horrible end for his family. The author’s standpoint can be supported by a variety of life stories as well as works of fiction.

Admittedly, when the world changes, it is essential to change along with it. Notably, only the ability to adjust to the environment helps all species to survive. An individual cannot have the same life in the world which has changed dramatically.

In the first place, it is important to note that Bettelheim (1960) does not only analyze the story and reveal his viewpoint. He supports his ideas using real stories. He adds that many Jews did not want to change their lives as they were sorry for their possessions and their ways.

The author asked many people about their reasons to stay in the country where they were doomed. Those people responded that they had hated to leave their jobs, their homes, and all their possessions. Those people hoped that the persecution of the nation would not reach them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bettelheim (1960) stresses that those who managed to change their lives dramatically and leave the country or hide effectively managed to survive. Admittedly, this is the only way out.

Otto Frank’s choices were serious mistakes which led to the terrible end. Otto Frank chose to ignore the changes and live his ordinary life. The world around him had gone to pieces and he as well as his family was in great danger.

However, he thought it would be better to live together and endure possible sorrows together. However, this choice made them even more vulnerable as it was easier to find a whole family rather than an individual.

Otto Frank did not want to accept the new reality and hoped that everything was going to be fine. Nevertheless, ignorance never leads to success, but it often becomes the reason of death.

It is possible to provide several fictional characters to support the idea of the necessity to change along with the changing world. One of the most conspicuous characters to support this idea is John, the protagonist of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World.

The man is taken from the world he knows to the brand new world which is different. Huxley (2006) describes the protagonist’s suffering and decay. John cannot get used to the new life, and he is hostile to everything in that world.

John makes a decision which is similar to the one made by Otto Frank. John tries to hide, but he still lives too close to the society which sees him as an outcast. John fails to find a safe place and his enemy (the society he hates) finds him and destroys him as he is forced to commit suicide.

We will write a custom Essay on “The ignored lesson of Anne Frank” by Brun Bettelheim specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Likewise, Otto Frank tries to hide, but he does not do it properly. He continues living with his family through the chances to survive would be higher if they lived in different families.

Another fictional character can be regarded as an example of the inability to survive due to the desire to live an ordinary life. Ray Bradbury’s Mr. Leonard Mead is also a person who failed to change his life (Bradbury, 1951). The man loves fresh air and nature. He also likes long walks.

However, the world around him has changed. Now, it is dangerous to walk during the night. Mr. Mead takes the risk but loses.

Just like the Franks, Mr. Mead does not want to change his ways even though he understands that it can be risky. This inability to foresee the consequences leads the man to the asylum for mentally ill people.

Admittedly, the man could try to find other ways to relax. He could also try to find safer places for his hobby and passion. Nonetheless, he is reluctant to find new ways and to change. Therefore, he is doomed.

At the same time, it is possible to find fictional characters who managed to change and survive in a brand new world. Thus, Montag, the protagonist of the novel Fahrenheit 451, manages to survive and change (Bradbury, 2012).

The man who is a part of the system manages to see that there is something wrong in it. Moreover, he can be regarded as a product of the system as he believes everything he is told and he has lived quite a long life without noticing the vices of society.

At some point, Montag understands that he cannot live in that world anymore.

Not sure if you can write a paper on “The ignored lesson of Anne Frank” by Brun Bettelheim by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Unlike Otto Frank, Montag does not ignore reality and is ready to fight for his life. He is not capable of waiting for something better to happen. He is not ready to tolerate the wrongs of society. Importantly, he does not expect that society will put up with his rebel.

Montag understands that society can punish him and he manages to escape. The man is active, and he strives for better reality for himself. Otto Frank should have made the same decision to escape and start a new life. This could have saved his family.

In conclusion, it is necessary to note that people who ignore the changes which take place are doomed. Frank Otto was unable to foresee the consequence of his choices and let his family be destroyed.

Such fictional characters as protagonists of Huxley’s Brave New World and Bradbury’s “The Pedestrian” can be regarded as examples to support this viewpoint. These characters were unable to adjust to the changing world or escape from it. They were punished for their ignorance.

On the contrary, Montag, the protagonist of Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, was capable of changing his life. He managed to survive and even start a new life. Of course, Otto Frank should have chosen Montag’s way. This could save Franks’ family from the horrible end.

It is necessary to remember that world literature provides examples of people’s choices and the possible consequences of those choices.

The world literature helps people learn valuable and sometimes vital lessons to be able to react accordingly in different situations. The main rule to keep in mind is to be able to change along with the changing world.

Reference List Bettelheim, B. (1960). The ignored lesson of Anne Frank. The Harpers Monthly, 221(1326), 45-50.

Bradbury, R. (1951). The pedestrian. Web.

Bradbury, R. (2012). Fahrenheit 451. New York, NY: Simon


Organizational Conflict, Its Characteristics and Principles Essay college application essay help

Table of Contents Responses

Characteristics of a Conflict Management System

Practical Principles


A majority of business leaders assume that creativity and success can be achieved without any friction. However, this is usually not the case. All organizations experience some level of conflict. This is because conflict cannot be prevented when different people are working together.

In organizations where there are wide arrays of disciplines and personalities, positive and productive conflict is experienced. In this regard, it is extremely important that company managers should learn how to handle all forms of conflict.

Recently, there were battles between the operations and accounting departments at company Z. Consequently, this became a grave challenge since the customers were involved. Employees in the accounting department were not getting along well with each other.

They reacted by ignoring their differences, which enabled them to unite against other workers (Heffernan, 2010).

It is worth noting that supposed variations regarding variable group objectives and status plays a great role in aggravating the intergroup conflict. In most of the cases, this results in no communication or miscommunication.

Consequently, there is negative functioning ability in the organization. Organization Z had several choices on how to respond to the conflict. This included solving or avoiding it, transforming some of the variables at the workplace, and adhering to a particular conflict resolution process.

In critical situations, a facilitator helps in discussing the issues and concerns that form the basis of conflict. If the conflict is allowed to continue, the business suffers serious losses.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Responses Running away from a conflict might eventually bring down an organization. Organization Z decided to face the problem and address it. This was important since novel strategies were developed. The strategies could be used in solving conflicts in the future.

Moreover, the strategies could be beneficial in other organizations. After scrutinizing the factors that contributed to the conflict, the leaders decided to utilize a phased strategy, which focused on moving slowly, calming down, and participating constructively (Chris, 2009).

Cooling down implies that the involved parties had to stay balanced. This ensured that emotions, which aggravated detrimental behaviors were controlled. Slowing down ensured that the parties acquired adequate time to search for a backup strategy.

This applies when the conflict is at the climax — participating constructively ensured the search for appropriate solutions, which prevented blaming others.

Characteristics of a Conflict Management System For effective conflict management within an organization, leaders should work extremely hard to ensure that the conflict environment is changed. In this regard, there is a need to ensure that the reward criteria, performance measures, procedures, policies, mission, objectives, and vision adhere to constructive conflict reactions.

Also, there is a need for offering training programs to the employees. This helps in improving conflict management skills.

In organizations where leaders demonstrate effective conflict management and influence their employees, maximum profits are achieved. Furthermore, such organizations have the best decision making and creativity skills.

We will write a custom Essay on Organizational Conflict, Its Characteristics and Principles specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Practical Principles It is imperative that leaders possess personal conflict management competencies. However, to benefit from the skills fully, there is a need to put them into practice whenever the organization experiences conflict (Barling


Double Coated Dogs Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

There are many different types of dogs, and they all have a unique coat or fur. Not only has there been natural breeding, but professional shows and dog enthusiasts have also increased the numbers even further.

The coats of today’s dogs differ in length, colors, and make-up that are distinct and attributed to the origins of each dog. Double coat dogs have two seemingly separate fur layers which are not the same as single coated dogs.

The first one is closest to the skin and has its characteristics while the second or top coat, is of rough consistency. Dogs with a double coat should not be shaved, as it is unhealthy and unneeded.

There are many physiological problems, as well as visual and functional which will be discussed in further detail.

The vast amount of kinds of dogs has been a topic of much speculation. The origins go back very far in history and unfortunately, it is close to impossible to say precisely where it all began. It is interesting, but the origins of dogs are almost as unspecified, like those of humans.

Just as people, dog’s ancestors, wolves, have developed different characteristics, about the area they inhabited. The most common and accepted view is that dogs evolved from wolves by interbreeding.

The modern research has provided information that wild animals would get domesticated as far as ten to fifteen thousand years ago. Speculation and reasoning suggest that animals were used by civilized human beings for many reasons.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of them include working in partnerships as guard dogs, cattle shepherds, aided in hunting, transportation, fur and in some cases, a food source. Companionship was another reason, as certain species have proved to be reliable and of “good company.”

It took many thousands of years domesticating wolves, foxes and other types of dog-like wild animals for modern dogs to emerge.

Since wolves would often eat people’s leftovers, they became acclimated to the presence of humans, and it is suggested that some of these traits were genetically passed on to the next generation of wild animals.

It was a slow process, but nonetheless, wolves and wild dogs became one of many animals that were domesticated (Ostrander 11).

A large part of animal’s qualities is attributed to the unique climate and general geographic location that have created specific characteristics allowing for most adaptation and assimilation.

Some species that were in the northern region had to adapt to cold conditions and thus, have developed an intricate system of heating and cooling down, as well as the uniqueness of fur. Shiba Inu is one such example that originated in Japan, and it has a double coat.

It is considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds in the modern world. The ancestors of Shiba Inu were used for hunting many types of game. Supposedly, they could be effective for hunting smaller animals and birds but also larger ones, such as boar, dear or even bear.

We will write a custom Essay on Double Coated Dogs specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This shows that the breed is very diverse and can be trained to fit certain qualities that people need. At one point during the Second World War, the breed almost became extinct but was later saved by interbreeding bloodlines.

The dog is of small to medium size and varies in color, from red and sesame to black, brindle or a mix of several colors and white patches. The unique features include loyalty, best guarding abilities, reserved but at the same time, friendly manners.

They are courageous and like exercise which is fun and healthy for them. They also have strong endurance and can walk great distances without getting tired.

The name of the breed has several interpretations—the word “Inu” means dog in Japanese, but there have been few suggestions of what was meant by “Shiba.” Some people say that it meant “brushwood,” in referral to the terrain or the reddish coloring that the trees had.

Others explain that “Shiba” means small, in specific relation to the animal’s proportions. As with any other type of dogs, they have a unique coat that must be treated with certain care and attention (Shiba Inu).

A dog’s coat is one of the most valuable and major features. Even though domesticated dogs evolved from wild animals, specifically wolves, the amount of types of fur is much greater.

This is because dogs have been numerously interbred for purposes that were needed by humans, such as hunting, guarding and surviving in extreme conditions.

A dog’s fur serves a specific and important function, it must be treated with certain care, and one of the rules is not to shave their coats. As previously mentioned, Shiba Inu is one of the types of dogs that have a double coat, and it is strictly disallowed to shave off such fur.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Double Coated Dogs by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The unique nature of the dog’s hair is specific to the organism and species. Not only is it used as a natural camouflage but it serves as a protective barrier and a part of functioning which is key to the dog’s health.

One of the most general rules, why certain types of dogs should not be shaved, is because they develop a coat that best suits their environment. The amount of light absorption which gets transformed into heat is less or greater, depending on the pigmentation.

If a climate is moist or dry, as well as warm, hot or cold, the dog will have fur that will be most acclimated to the location. The coat will often be used in the way of the inside temperature regulator that will allow for the dog to stay cool or warm up according to the outside conditions.

When looking at the specific breed of Shiba Inu dogs, they must never be shaved, as there are several reasons for this. Most often, people assume that shaving the dog with a long fur or a double coat will prevent it from overheating.

There has been a lot of speculation that dogs that are grown for cold and mild climates should not be taken to warm or hot places. It might seem reasonable because the same can be thought of a person wearing a warm jacket in the summer when it is scolding hot.

The difference is that when a human puts on a coat, it prevents the heat produced by the body from escaping. Jackets are made in such a way that the fabric blocks the heat waves and traps them in the layer between the body and the jacket.

It would be possible to think the same as the long or thick dog fur, but this is not exactly true.

Even before domestication, wolves’ coats have been created by many thousands of years of evolution, and it is very much evident that nature has purposefully made animals and their fur in such a way that best suits their needs.

Some professionals argue that if a dog is moved to a location that is not native to the species or the breeding ground, some of the furs must be cut. This does not mean to completely shave off all of the coat but to trim it just enough to let for air circulation (Thornton and Eldredge 48).

Whereas the supposedly positive effects of shaving dogs are doubtful, the negatives ones are truly severe health detriments. The major one is that the fur acts as a thermostat and helps the dog feel and be cooler.

The top coat which is rougher, straight and thick, acts as a form of shade and a layer that lets for easy circulation of air. Because the distance between hairs is greater and it is straighter, the wind currents have a better chance of moving through the fur.

Therefore, the dog manages to keep its temperature despite the change of the environment or the climate changes, which is extremely important, seeing how dogs are very susceptible to such outside factors as a shift in temperature, especially towards a warmer environment.

It is necessary to keep in mind that with a steep rise of the air temperature, a dog can easily have hemiplegia (a heat stroke). Also, while the top layer gets heated up by the sun rays, the lower one, closest to the skin is thinner and denser, not letting the heat through to the skin.

The wavy texture of the undercoat also adds to the insulation barrier that does not allow passage. A myth that dogs cool themselves down like people, by sweating through their skin, is incorrect. The only places on the dog that sweat is the paws, pads in particular.

The major mechanism that keeps the dog cool is panting, so shaving will not changing anything. The same benefits of the fur are used for keeping the dog warm in the winter, as the inner layer does not let the heat to escape.

Due to these specific qualities of the dog’s coat, shaving it in the summer might be dangerous because when winter comes around, and the animal needs its coat, it is not there.

This happens because when shaving, the fur’s growing mechanism will get disturbed and the process will be slowed down. Another possibility is that the coat will grow in patches, leaving certain areas exposed (Thornton and Eldredge 61).

A dog’s coat not only protects the internal organs and overall health of the animal but its skin as well. In both summer and winter, the sun can be very damaging to the upper layer of the skin. Sunburns and heat strokes are the main problems that an unprotected dog might have.

Not to mention the microscopic damage that shaving can cause which can lead to infection and parasite attraction. In case the dog is used for active lifestyle, hunting or going through the wooded area, the protective layer provided by the fur will be absent on a dog that has been shaved.

This will make it more susceptible to external damage by physical objects and in some cases, other animal’s attacks. The best advice that is given to people, who worry that their dogs are hot, due to their fur, is regular combing.

Especially with double coat dogs, it might become troublesome as the inner layer gets messy and tangled. Shiba Inu’s coat is thought to be rather problem free, as it is clean and coarse. The upper layer is waterproof which can be attributed to the nature of the species.

This fact makes the animal even more protected with all the included benefits. The layer closest to the skin is also thick, and so, the insulation from cold is very well established.

As will the majority of other dogs, Shiba Inu sheds and it is a natural process of hairs replacing the old ones with stronger hairs. There is a significant increase in shedding during the summer season, so brushing can help deal with the problem (Payton 13).

Overall, most people know that double coated dogs should not be shaved. There is no denying that there are much more benefits to dogs having their natural fur present.

A far out option would be to provide a form of a human-made coat that could offer protection from the environment, in case the dog was indeed shaved.

Over the last decades, a lot of studies have been conducted that took a close look at the genetics and behaviors of dogs about the conditions and specific locations of the breeds.

It is unfortunate that technology has only allowed studying genes and ancestry information while little progress has been made with the actual intelligent communication between dogs and humans.

In any case, it is better to trust nature that has had much more experience in creating and maintaining different types of life forms, than for humans to experiment with live subjects, even animal ones.

In conclusion, dogs have been one of the first animals to be domesticated by people, and for very good reasons.

Not only tracking and carrying the game, but also helping people when they need to cover a long distance across a snow desert (huskies, Samoyeds, Eskimo dogs), not to mention the fact that dogs can be trained to save people’s lives (St. Bernard, Newfoundlands, collies, etc.), dogs have proven to be a man’s best friends.

Their loyalty and companionship have been a large part of human life, and it is important to make sure that they are kept healthy and free of any unnecessary stress.

Therefore, it must be admitted that shaving double-coated dogs must be prohibited once and for all unless a specific medical condition of the dog demands so. Wkvbikj.

Although one might argue that shedding is likely to become a major problem for the owners of double-coated dogs, shedding can be easily dealt with by using various grooming tools, such as different types of brushes, to keep the dog’s coat neat and clean.

Despite the existing alternatives, such as human-made coats, natural fur is still preferable for a double-coated dog, since shaving can easily lead to overexposure to heat and, therefore, an illness or even death.

Preserving the dog’s double coat will make the dog resistant to the change of temperature since the air trapped between the hairs of the coat serves as an air cushion regulating the temperature.

Natural protection from the outside factors, a dog’s double coat is not to be shaved under any circumstances.

Works Cited Ostrander, Elaine. Genetics of the Dog. Cambridge, United States: CABI, 2012. Print.

Payton, Laura. Shiba Inus: Laura Payton. Hauppauge, United States: Barron’s Educational Series, 2003. Print.

Shiba Inu. Dogtime. 2012. Web.

Thornton, Kim, and Debra Eldredge. The Everything Dog Health Book. Avon, United States: Adams Media, 2005. Print.


Homework Significance Essay essay help online

Education plays an important role in ensuring children are taught career, survival and intellectual skills that will enable them to live comfortably in the future. Learning institutions have been established to ensure everyone goes to school and gets the required knowledge essential for human survival.

These learning institutions have come up with various programs aimed at ensuring that students make good use of their time while attending schools and also when out of classes. Homework and holiday assignments are the most common tasks that students are given when they are not in school to enhance their learning.

However, the debate continues to rage on regarding the importance of homework to students. The discussion below outlines the significance of homework to the development of the learning process of a student. Every human being has a unique ability to grasp various ideas and information depending on their age, exposure to different environments and levels of interests.

This makes it very impossible for every student to grasp all concepts being taught in class by their teachers. Therefore, when students are given homework, they can take time and study the concepts they did not understand during normal class time, and this makes them be at the same level with other students (Bader 12). Homework plays an important role in ensuring that students can learn at the same pace.

The fact that students have different abilities to memorize what they were taught means that their levels of learning differences and when they are given the same homework slow learners can catch up with fast learners, and this ensures they all stand equal chances of competing effectively.

Also, ninety percent of students are in their active stages of life, and therefore they like playing very much. These plays make students forget what they were taught during the day as their minds are occupied with games and other entertainment activities. When these students are given homework, they have limited time to attend to other activities like games and sports.

It is well known that all children and young adults like playing very much and when left idle they can spend the whole day playing at the expense of their education. Homework plays an important role in ensuring they are kept very busy and indulge in games only after they have finished their work.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, homework enables students to make their studies and identify areas they did not understand very well. Sometimes students tend to cheat in their examinations and other class assignments by coping from others, and this earns them false grades.

However, when they are given homework they are not able to copy from their friends and in fact, they make all efforts to ensure they put their brains at work to answer all questions assigned (Bader 134). Therefore, teachers can identify areas that their students did not understand well and go over them again by organizing remedial classes.

Students are also able to identify topics that were not understood and seek the necessary assistance from their teachers. Moreover, homework enables students to be busy during their free time and avoid indulging in bad behavior. The fact that an idle mind gives way to irrational thinking should sound an alarm bell to all parents and students who shy away from homework.

When students are kept busy with homework, they will be in a position to avoid indulgence in bad behavior like drug abuse and premarital sex. When students are given homework, they get prepared for future career obligations that involve assignments and duties out of office.

This offers them an opportunity to develop the flexibility to time schedules and roles assigned in the future when they are employed. Also, they will be in a position to schedule their work programs effectively to meet all the demands of their jobs.

Lastly, homework enables students to read widely regarding other topics to be covered by their teachers. Assignments that are designed to give students an insight into their forthcoming topics makes them mentally prepared for other “hard topics,” and this makes them understand the concepts of such topics with ease (Bader 134).

Some homework is meant to break down complicated topics into subtopics that are easily covered and understood by students within the shortest time possible. Therefore, homework enables teachers and students to take the shortest time possible to handle complicated topics.

We will write a custom Essay on Homework Significance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, despite the above benefits associated with homework, there are other factors that make them ineffective in performing their intended roles in students’ developments. The first reason that disqualifies the suitability of homework to access student’s intelligence is the fact that in most cases homework assigned to students is not done by them.

Students ask their elder siblings to do their assignments for them as they sit and chat while watching television. When the teachers mark the assignments, they are pleased to note the outstanding performance by their students. However, the same students register low grades when examinations and assignments are done within the school compound.

Therefore, homework does not help teachers in assessing students’ understanding of various concepts. Also, it does not offer reliable criteria to test the students’ ability to remember and present the ideas learned from teachers. Secondly, students are usually very tired after spending the whole day in class and require time to relax and think of other things that may distract their attention from books for a while.

Over concentration on books and academic materials exposes the students to risks like developing obesity due to their inactiveness. It is known the world over that too much work without play or exercise makes an individual very dull and thus ineffective. Most students are usually between the ages of five years and twenty-seven, and they are still growing and developing (Bader 134).

For them to develop their physical fitness, they need time to indulge in sports and games to ensure their bodies get enough exercise. Moreover, the mind needs some time to reflect on other things and enable the brain and the blood vessels to relax as the student reduces pressure from thinking about school assignments and tests.

It is estimated that homework and other assignments are responsible for a huge percentage of causes of stress and depressions in many youths. This is due to the pressure to finish their homework in time and deliver quality results that drive most students to concentrate on them and ignore meals and stay awake the whole night.

Human beings have varying degrees of learning and memorizing, and thus homework helps students to ensure they do not forget what they were taught. It enables students and teachers to identify the study areas that need more attention. However, it should not compromise the students’ time to indulge in other equally beneficial activities like sleeping and exercising.

Works Cited Bader, John. Dean’s List: Eleven Habits of Highly Successful College Students. Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. Print.

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Sigmund Freud’s Theory Notes Essay argumentative essay help

The Anatomy of Mental Personality Generally, the ego is considered to be an objective issue. On the other hand, it is recognized to be the so-called control center of a persons’ mind. The super-ego it’s considered to be a special mechanism in a person’s mind which is mostly associated with an internal judge. The super-ego is over the ego and controls and punishes the objective issue with numerous unpleasant emotions.

There is also an opinion that it is the super-ego, which causes heightened self-esteem. Both subjects of discussion are unconscious, so, a person doesn’t notice the contents of his/her sense of self-esteem or self-importance. The id is considered to be the most primitive element of every human. A person is born with two basic instincts, which are divided into life instinct and the death instinct.

The first type is called eros, while the second one got the name Thanatos. Id can’t exist without both issues. The combination of the id, ego, and superego influences a person’s behavior in various situations. In other words, the three points play an important part in the development of the personality.

The mechanisms of defense are also rather important. Thus, repression is recognized to be one of the earliest stages of condemnation. In other words, entrance into the conscious is hindered. However, on the other hand, the instinctual person’s relation to the unconscious is not denied.

Repression-resistances separated an important objective issue from the id; although repression establishes more connections with other parts of the id. As far as the way of forming substitutes differs from repression formation, it is obvious, that the earliest stage of condemnation acts in different ways. A withdrawal of libido is considered to be a typical feature of repression.

Remembering, Repeating and Working Through One of the most interesting psychological phenomena is the paradox of memory. Thus, childhood memories are often difficult to remember; while various unimportant memories are always in a person’s mind. They appear spontaneously and sometimes can be related to haunting memories.

However, one of the most important points which can be used to explain the screen memories is the contradiction between defense mechanisms of a person’s mind and the instinctual desires. For this reason, parapraxia is based on a person’s unsatisfied dreams. In other words, the products of the unconscious (errors, jokes, etc.) appear due to the work of the screen memory.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The actions which are based on such desires are indirectly related to the conscious, so, the conflict between the two issues is reduced. So, the creation of a compromise is recognized to be a key point, which is of great significance for the contrary feelings. The memories can be aggressive, erotic, etc., but they come from the depths of a person’s mind.

The repetition is considered to be the way of transference of the past. When a person is afraid of his/her pastor thinks that the past can be disclosed, he/she comprehends the morbid events as certain actions, i.e., a person repeats associations, but not the memories. In this case, repetition replaces remembering. The handling of the transference is one of the most reliable ways to influence a person’s memories.

A doctor shouldn’t show his/her resistance to a person as a process of treatment can become more difficult. The most important point is that a person needs time to study, analyze or investigate the resistance, to work through it, to use the basic rules of psychoanalysis to overcome the problem. The part of work causes the process of reexamination.

Civilization and the Individual The principal aim of individual development is to get pleasure from various activities. In other words, the issue of happiness is considered to be one of the most important for a human being. However, there are altruistic and egoistic conceptions, which are the primary points a person is to consider to achieve his/her main aim.

For this reason, integration into a human community is a significant factor a person is to keep in mind. The principal aim of civilization development is to establish unity beyond the individual. Thus, the issue of happiness is considered to be the secondary aim of a developmental process. So, in other words, if one neglects the individual’s happiness, a community will flourish.

However, the important point is that civilization appeared due to a human. Each person looks for pain and pleasure. It means that a person’s inherent characteristic is egoism; thereby, civilization exists based on self-interest as the foundation of morality. Of course, the super-ego of both issues is similar. The cultural super-ego is also related to the development of the individual; however, there is an agreement between the two subjects, which states certain ideal demands.

The heading of ethics is the key point in interpersonal relations. People value ethics as they hope their expectations will be come up. On the other hand, there are changes in persons’ interactions, which are more important than various ethical principles.

We will write a custom Essay on Sigmund Freud’s Theory Notes specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another important question is the interdependence between persons’ cultural development and their appetency to destroy the community they live in. On the other hand, the issue of self-destruction is still to be discussed.


Pioneer Enterprises Benefits Program Case Study best college essay help: best college essay help

Understanding the competitiveness of the environment and the importance of providing favorable working conditions, Pioneer Enterprises should work out an effective employee’s benefits program and select the most appropriate option. The employees’ benefits program will consist of medical, life and disability insurance paid time off, after-retirement plans and other benefits.

Regarding the medical benefits, the employees should be covered with a comprehensive employer-sponsored medical insurance program. As to the existing options, the company can decide between single status contracts and married status contracts. In the first case, the insurance plan will cover only the healthcare expenses of the individual employee.

In the second case, the plan will deal with the employee’s spouse and children. Analyzing these two options, it can be stated that the second one covering the health expenses of the employee’s family is preferable. However, it is possible to make the medical plan personalized so that the employees could select the options which are the most appropriate for their family circumstances.

Furthermore, the insurance plan should be comprehensive and include not only medical and dental benefits but also life, disability and accident insurance. In case of death or permanent disability of employees, the insurance program provides up to four times of employees’ annual salaries.

Additionally, these plans should include business traveler accident insurance to consider the specific working circumstances which can be associated with the increased risks for the employees. As to the aspect of the paid time off, the company should consider the time of vacation and extended leave.

Traditionally, the employees in Saudi Arabia are entitled to 22 days of paid vacation a year. Additionally, every employee can use five days of the extended leave per year or bank these days and use them in a two-year frame. Another important aspect is the system of bonuses for the employees playing an important role in motivating them.

Along with the monetary compensation for the work, the company can consider the opportunities of rewarding the employees for excellent performance, high achievements and any contribution to the development of the company’s vision. The monetary compensation is one of the strongest motivators which can significantly improve the employees’ performance.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apart from the benefits for the employees during their employment at Pioneer Enterprises, the company should consider the post-retirement plan for those employees who reached the retirement age at the company. It is recommended to consider not only the retirement payments but also the health insurance program for the retired employees.

This can contribute to the company’s positive image as an employer and not only attract the best human resources, but also motivate them to remain with the company for a substantial period and even reach their retirement age with this employer. Human resources are one of the most significant assets of every company.

For this reason, the company should pay proper attention to the employees’ benefits program to attract the best employees with the opportunities offered by the company. Additionally, the employer should make investments into the research and development sphere and not only employ the best employees with profound skills, but also train young specialists to improve their performance.

The employees’ benefits program is important for attracting and retaining the best employees. Therefore, the employees’ benefits program adopted by Pioneer Enterprises should comprise a comprehensive, personalized medical coverage, paid time off, a system of bonuses and post-retirement plan.


Buyer and Seller Rights and Liabilities Report (Assessment) online essay help

Table of Contents Rights and liabilities of the buyer

Rights and liabilities of the seller


Works Cited

Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) is a kind of an arrangement that implies that the seller of the goods brings them in as soon as the goods pass the ports in the shipment process. CIF contract, therefore, means a cost, insurance and freight contract (Fazio 6).

As compared to free on board (FOB) which is another method of contracting, CIF is regarded as the more convenient as it relies on constant communication between the buyer and the seller. CIF contract is still considered as the most widely used because its price already includes the price tag of the goods, the cost of insuring the goods from the loading point to the destined point and the value of freight for the goods.

The CIF contract is, thus, considered to be the contract that enables the sale of the products through the release of relevant certificates such as the invoice, the bill of lading and also the insurance policy that enables a viable sale of the good (Fazio 6).

Rights and liabilities of the buyer The right and liability to accept conforming certificates and make relevant payments: When all the relevant documents have been produced, and they are all well organized, the buyer must accept the certificates and pay the seller in an appropriate manner (Fazio 16). The buyer, thus, is expected to remit payments on cash about the available documents as soon as the goods arrive at the port.

The payment should be within 20 days as soon as the bill of lading is received. When the bill of lading arrives at a later than expected date, the buyer can decide to reject the payment of the goods. Also, if the certificates are not in order, the buyer can choose to pay a lesser amount or decline to pay.

Right and liability to take responsibility for cargo delivery: As long as the goods are in line with the requirements stated in the sales contract, the buyer must receive the delivery of goods. In contrast, if the goods do not conform to the requirements stipulated in the sales contract, the buyer the can decide to either decline the goods or get back the money that had been paid for the goods (Fazio 16).

The sales contract can entitle the buyer to take care of the extra costs incurred after the goods have been shipped in. Also, the buyer can be entitled to take care of any increases or discrepancies in freight costs. The buyer is entitled to bear all the extra costs and risks that accrue to the goods immediately they leave the shipping the rt. The buyer is also expected to pay for any documents and custom dues that are needed for the delivery process of the goods.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the buyer is required to pay for the procurement and license costs when necessary (Fazio 16). Right and liability for recommending a replacement vessel: When the shipping vessel that is transporting the good does not conform to the requirements that are stipulated in the sales contract, the buyer has the right to recommend a substitute vessel that conforms to the requirements of the sales contract (Fazio 17).

When the vessel carrying the goods is not the one that is expected, the buyer has the right to demand a refund of a certain percentage of the total amount he had paid to the seller or as well nominate a replacement vessel to carry the goods.

Right and liability to recommend the moment for shipment: The contract needs the buyer of the good to provide at least three working days as a notice when he decides to recommend a shipment vessel for the goods (Fazio 17). Also, the buyer should also specify the port at which the loading should take place. When the notice is not given by the buyer, the seller can reject the nomination of the shipment vessel.

Right and liability for loading of the cargo: In line with the ‘Free in and out’ clause that is stipulated in the CIF contract, the buyer must load the cargo rather than the shipowner. This is because the buyer is considered as the carrier of the goods. Thus, he should take responsibility for the costs incurred in the process of loading or stowing the cargo (Fazio 17).

The provision that the liability for loading should be incurred by the buyer is stipulated clearly in the bill of lading. Thus, when the loaded goods are damaged during transportation, the shipowner will not bear responsibility for the damage. Instead, the carrier (buyer) will bear the burden.

Rights and liabilities of the seller Shipment of the goods about the terms of the contract: It is mandatory for the seller to respect the terms of the sales contract while delivering the goods to the buyer (Fazio 22). Also, the seller should also procure goods which conform with the terms of the sales contract. Any action contrary to the terms of the sales contract will not be welcome by the buyer of the goods.

Thus, the seller has a strong reason to adhere to the terms of the sales contract. The buyer can decide to reject the goods if at all they are not in line with the sales contract. Meeting the cost of freight: The seller should pay for the freight costs that are incurred in the shipping process.

We will write a custom Assessment on Buyer and Seller Rights and Liabilities specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition to these payments, the seller should also pay for the commission charges, insurance premium or any additional costs to the owner of the ship upon delivery of the cargo to the required destination (Fazio 23). The bill of lading stipulates that the seller has the obligation of paying for the shipment cost and further ensuring that the cargo reaches the required destination successfully.

Obligation to issue conforming certificates to the buyer: The seller should issue the buyer with relevant documents that are in line with the stipulated requirement of the sales contract (Fazio 25). The documents should be issued to the buyer at his place of work or wherever he resides.

The seller should ensure that the documents or certificates reach the buyer on time and further ensure that the goods are paid for as soon as the buyer acknowledges them. The documents or certificates that the seller sends to the buyer include the bill of lading, delivery note, the invoice and the certificate of insurance (Fazio 25). It is required that the documents and certificates reach the buyer before the goods.

In a case whereby the goods reach the buyer without the papers, the buyer can decide to reject them. Responsibility to warn on stealing of goods to the contract: in any case appropriation of goods occurs during the shipment process; the seller has the duty of alerting the relevant players. It is considered to be a breach of contract if the seller is aware of the appropriation of goods but fail to notify.

The buyer is bound to reject the goods in any case the goods are damaged, substandard or if the value of the goods has seriously fallen (Fazio 25). Insurance of the cargo: The seller must ensure the cargo during the shipment process (Fazio 27).

Insurance is the process of guarding against risks and uncertainties that could arise in the course of the shipment of the cargo. When the seller pays the insurance premium, he can be compensated in an agreed manner whenever there occurs any loss or damage to the cargo (Fazio 27). Insurance, thus, plays a major part in redeeming anything lost in the shipping process.

Conclusion Cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) is still the most commonly used contract. The price of the contract includes the price of the goods, the cost of insurance for the products and the cost of freight of the goods. Under the CIF contract, both the buyer and the sellers have rights and liabilities that need to be met.

The rights and obligations of the buyer include acceptance of conforming documents and making relevant payments; taking responsibility for cargo delivery; recommending a replacement vessel; recommending the moment for shipment, and loading the cargo.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Buyer and Seller Rights and Liabilities by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, the rights and liabilities of the seller include delivery of the goods; meeting the freight costs; issuing conforming documents to the buyer; giving warnings on stealing of goods; and ensuring the cargo.

Works Cited Fazio, Silvia. The Harmonization of International Commercial Law. London: Kluwer Law International. 2007.


Negligence in Law Essay essay help free: essay help free

The elements of a negligence cause of action Various common law jurisdictions reflect minor differences in classifying the elements of negligence. Despite the slight differences, it is evident that the elements of “duty, breach, causation and damages” cut across all jurisdictions. However, conceptually, negligence can be viewed as having three elements, damages, causation and conduct.

Other observers remark that the elements may be four or five depending on one’s background. When referring to four elements, the focus is on “duty, breach, causation and pecuniary damages” while when referring to five, attention shifts to “duty, breach, actual cause, proximate cause, and damages” (Shanley, 2005).

Description of the elements Duty of care

Duty of care is the element which requires that a party minds how commission or omission is likely to affect other parties. The case of Caparo v. Dickman underscored how the duty of care is proven. In the first instance, there must be harm, which should be reasonably foreseeable.

Secondly, there should be an association of proximity between the defendant and the plaintiff. Then thirdly, it should be determinable that imposing liability is not only fair but it is also reasonable and just (Shanley, 2005). As an example, a driver owes passengers a duty of care.

Breach of duty

The second element of negligence is the breach of duty. After determining that a defendant owes a claimant a duty of care, the next issue revolves around the settlement of whether the duty was breached. The process of settling this is both objective and subjective, aspects that compound the element.

As an illustration, the subjective aspect is captured by the case of an accused, who knowingly exposes a claimant to risk or breach of duty. On the other hand, objective breach of duty surfaces when a defendant fails to note that loss or risk to a plaintiff is likely in circumstances, which a reasonable individual should.

However, breach of duty occurs if the defendant acts, pose a reasonable risk but fails to exercise caution to protect claimants. Additionally, the consequences must be reasonably foreseeable (Shanley, 2005). An example would be the failure to install working breaks in a vehicle by a manufacturer.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Factual causation The third element is based on causation. Factual causation or direct cause reflects on circumstances under which a party is held liable. In this regard, it should be demonstrable that acts of commission or omission must directly lead to the loss or damage experienced.

Since it is difficult to determine the correlation between the breach of duty and loss, it is necessary to establish whether the damage could have occurred in the absence of breach of duty (Shanley, 2005). An example is suffering from a car accident because of negligent driving.

Harm The other important element of negligence is harm. In addition to breach of duty and loss to a defendant, a claimant must prove that the defendant’s acts caused injury. Put in pedestrian terms, the plaintiff must prove suffering harm based on the acts of a defendant. Proving that loss was incurred is necessary for seeking damages (Shanley, 2005). As an example, after being involved in a road accident, the victim must prove to have suffered an injury.

What types of damages are allowed for a negligence cause of action?

Commonly, damages assign monetary values on the loss incurred or the harm suffered. The main aim of damages is restoration. Damages are of three main types. The types include special damages, general damages, and punitive damages. Special damages represent quantifiable compensation paid for losses suffered commencing on the date the defendant acted negligently until the trial time.

Such may include medical bills or lost wages. On the other hand, general damages are not quantifiable in monetary terms. An example of general damages may include the level of pain suffered due to a loss. In these cases, courts award nominal damages since quantification is difficult.

Thirdly, punitive damages are intended to punish offenders as opposed to compensating the plaintiff. Punitive damages are awarded in cases such as where malicious wrongdoing or recklessness is established (Shanley, 2005).

Explain how comparative fault works? Comparative fault is a principle that is used in apportioning blame to parties who contribute to an act. In this regard, the negligence of a plaintiff is weighed against that of the defendant(s). However, the plaintiff may not be in a position to get damages out of all the defendants. As an illustration, a bankrupt individual and a corporation may hold responsibility for causing harm to a plaintiff.

We will write a custom Essay on Negligence in Law specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In such a scenario, one of the two parties may be ordered to compensate the plaintiff. Variously, comparative fault is comparable to contributory negligence, which applies to conduct of an injured party, which falls below expectation. If such conduct does not comply with the expected standards and subsequently plays a role in the injury suffered then the law considers this. The assumption in such cases is that different parties are at fault (Digges and Klein, 2003).

What is the difference between pure and non-pure comparative fault?

Regarding pure comparative fault, one can regain in a negligence act irrespective of the extent of one’s fault. As an illustration, if a party was at eighty-five percent faulty regarding a certain accident, it is still possible to prefer charges against the other party responsible for the fault by fifteen percent.

About a modified comparative fault, a party can recover in as far as the level of the fault was less than fifty percent. By way of illustration, if one is at fault by forty-five percent, this party has a chance to recover. However, if the party was at faulty by fifty-one percent, recovery is impossible (Digges and Klein, 2003).

What is Negligence Per Se? Negligence is a form of conduct that belies the expected standards of action set by law. It is noticeable that the law sets standards of action to protect individuals from unreasonable danger of harm. It thus emerges that a person is negligent if such individual fails to conform to the expected standards of behavior demanded by society to guarantee safety to each.

Additionally, the aspect of intention to cause injury or harm does not apply to negligence (Abraham, 2002). The main point under the discourse of negligence centers on the idea that people should take reasonable care while acting. This is premised on the notion that individual deeds may pose harm to other people.

As such, measures must be put in place in a bid to lower chances of causing foreseeable harm or loss to third parties. If these requirements are flouted and people are injured, then such individuals should seek legal redress by filing cases to demand damages.


Respect in Daily Lives Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Respect is a crucial aspect of everyone’s life. Through respect, everyone can act kindly and treat others well. Respect implies putting into consideration of how other people feel. By treating others, in the same manner, you would like them to treat you, is a good show of respect. Most of the people claim to show respect as a very tough exercise, but this is not always the case.

Showing respect can be demonstrated by simple words such as “please,” and saying “thank you” (Wenger 75). Some people tend to forget these words and are essential in our day to day lives. Severally, some relationships have broken due to a lack of respect between partners.

The show of respect is very important especially to the adults, as they act as role models to the young children. If children can happen to witness adults disrespecting one another, through the exchange of harsh words, it would be very hard to correct such children in the future. It is always advisable for the adults to demonstrate the highest level of respect at all times, to avoid displaying bad example to the children.

For instance, it would be a bad example for someone to criticize the other due to some differences, as this should be rather described as uniqueness (Wenger 102). Assisting other people whenever they require your assistance and making others feel comfortable is a good way of demonstrating respect.

Through being respectful, one can create a good relationship with others, as he or she would be able to listen to other people’s opinions without criticizing them. For instance, a respectful student would interact well with other students, as well as with the tutors. A good relationship of a student with his or her teachers would promote his or her level of understanding hence good performance.

Lack of respect may result in regular quarrels between one with his fellows. In our normal lives, errors and mistakes are inevitable among human beings. Different types of disagreements must arise in the normal lives among friends and even family members (Wenger 82). Without respect, it would be hard to settle such differences, as no one would listen to the other.

Hence quarrels would happen. A certain researcher said that differences among human beings are inevitable, as everyone is created uniquely. He emphasized his point by saying that “Judging others against our standard is being egotistical. Respect everyone’s right to be different” (Wenger 112). This is a clear quote to show that respect matters a lot in our lives, especially in the way we relate with one another.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Respect is applicable in every aspect of our lives including political, social, and cultural lives. In any healthy relationship, one learns to respect and trust the most important people in his or her life (Wenger 98). Disagreements may be inevitable, but through respect, one learns on how to stay calm and express his or her opinions.

Remaining respectful would make one be composed and understand the cause of differences, and it would be easier to fix the cause of disagreements. The moments of disagreements in a relationship makes any relationship stronger day by day.

In a good relationship, people should learn how to respect one another for who they are. It is also important for one to recognize himself first, as it would assist in setting boundaries, and promote a good feeling in a relationship.

Work Cited Weznger, Edwin. Social life: respect and Trust. New York: Cengage Learning, 2009.


Cognitive Processes in Problem Solving Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction





Introduction Individuals are often faced with certain difficult situations that require a quick and necessary step to be taken. In as much as there may be a need to act promptly, care has to be taken before arriving at the appropriate steps to manage the situation. There have to be justifications to the course of action that is to be taken to solve a given problem.

This would involve an examination of the possible steps that could be taken and their respective advantages and disadvantages. An examination of the success of such a course of action in the past is also essential. As such, reasoning, judgment, and subsequent decision-making play important functions in a problem-solving environment.

Reasoning The use of principles of reason is of importance in solving difficult situations. Reasoning involves providing logical arguments to make some conclusion. It is “any systematic mental process that constructs or evaluates implications from premises of some sort” (Bucciarelli, Khemlani,


PPD Company Leadership and Controlling Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

There is no much difference between management and leadership. Both of these people carry similar activities. However, there are notable differences between these people. PPD Consultants is such an organization that has both leaders and managers. The following are some of the differences between these individuals. To start with, the managers are involved in the development of policies.

The policies to be followed in the organization are entirely entrusted on the managers to develop them. On the other hand, leaders are involved in the development of guiding principles in the organization. Another difference is that the manager is involved in finding out solutions and answers to the problems that come up in the organization (Myatt, 2008).

The leader, on the other hand, is involved in the identification of the problems, and the questions that arise in the organization. Managers are also known to avoid risk, and if it is impossible to do so, they tend to find a way of fighting the risk. On the other hand, leaders are usually beneficially of the risk that exists around them.

The meaning of this is that leaders thrive in existence to the presence of the risk in a bid to exploit them. Managers involve themselves in the development of systems and procedures that are used in the organization (Colvard, 2003). The procedures determine how the organization is going to run when the organization is carrying out its activities.

On the other hand, leaders engage themselves in building a team or teams that will be involved in the organization as procedures are being followed. On the same note, the leaders are also involved in the development of talent needed to run the organization.

As a clinical research associate, I have been involved in controlling and controlling entails checking whether the standards that the organization requires to be in existence occur in the organization. In a bid to ensure that the organization objectives are met, the management needs to ensure that proper controlling is carried and any deviation is corrected.

At PPD, controlling is not only done when there is the existence of errors, but it also foresees the actions that need to be taken to solve any problems that may arise. Controlling, therefore, entails predetermining the standard an organization seeks to achieve and then comparing these standards with the current standards that are in existence in the organization.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main aim of doing this is ensuring that the organization performs satisfactory and by its objectives and mission. PPD is also important as it teaches us that controlling is a process. For one, there have to be some set standards. The standards set are the ones that the organization aims to achieve (Kersten, 2006). At that point, there is the actual performance the organization is achieving at the time.

Comparing the two then follows, to find out whether there are any discrepancies between them. Deviations that are in existence are then analyzed and duly noted. Finally, the organization responds to these deviations by instilling measures designed to improve the situation that is already in existence.

The basic elements of controlling are also incorporated in PDD and include the condition that needs the control, the activator, sensor, and the comparator. All these are notably of importance in ensuring that the organization is well controlled and is in the right track of meeting its objectives.

References Colvard, J. (2003). Managers vs. Leaders. Web.

Kersten, W. (2006). Managing risks in supply chains: how to build reliable collaboration in logistics. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH.

Myatt, M. (2007). Leadership Matters: The Ceo Survival Manual, What It Takes to Reach the C-suite and Stay There. New york: Mike Myatt.


Face Recognition Essay argumentative essay help

The cognitive concept of memory is an essential factor that can impact an individual’s life positively or negatively. The above notion implies that defects or limitations in memory retention and recall can drive an individual’s life to be extremely challenging.

It is imperative to note that the ability to remember is an essential parameter towards the well being of an individual bearing in mind that in t5yhe course of life, individuals are expected to remember who they are by positively identifying their past experiences alongside recognizing other people around them to promote fruitful social relations.

It is against this background that this essay critically analyses face recognition to capture crucial elements that come into play during this process as well as expose some errors that are likely to arise because memory retention and recall is liable to several limitations.

Empirical research studies have conclusively demonstrated that face recognition is an inborn capability. As such, there are quite several researchers in psychology who tend to justify this notion by portraying how infants respond to familiar faces (Robinson-Reigler


Plate Tectonics Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Location of converging plates

Location of diverging plates

The location where tectonic plates slide along each other



Introduction The earth’s surface is composed of several plates that are in a constant state of motion. The plates are subjected to tectonic forces that compel them to move in different directions (Garrison, 2009). Generally, there are three major forces that prompt movement of plates on the earth’s crust.

These include transformational, divergent and convergent forces. Convergent forces push the earth’s plates towards each other leading to crashing effect. Transformational forces push the earth’s plates alongside each other while divergent forces tend to pull the plates apart (Gubbins, 1990).

Different features are formed depending on the kind of movements involved. Empirical studies conducted by geologists reveal that these movements result in geological features the earth’s surface. Resultant features include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and mountain formation (Garrison, 2009).

Location of converging plates When plates are pushed towards each other, they are eventually deformed. Additionally, certain features such as mountains and island arcs are generated (Gubbins, 1990). However, resultant features depend on which plates converge.

For instance, when two continental plates drift toward each other, they form a mountain as opposed to the case when continental and an oceanic plate converges. In this case, the two different plates form an island where the heavier continental plate lands on the oceanic plate (Garrison, 2009).

For instance, where there are volcanic eruptions during the convergence of the plates, magma solidifies on top of the oceanic crust to form a hard surface on the ocean. An example of a place commonly known for this incidence is American continent whereby the South American plate converged with Nazca plate to form Andes Mountain which is located in Chain (Garrison, 2009).

Moreover, it is evident that Tibet plateau in Asia was formed as a result of convergent tectonic forces. The feature resulted when the Indian plate slowly converged with the Asian plate. The oceanic crust between the two continental plates was submerged under them (Gubbins, 1990). Further evidence reveals that more convergence between the oceanic plates resulted into formation of Himalayas Mountain.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Location of diverging plates Divergent tectonic forces triggered plates to pull away from each other resulting into formation of a new continental crust (Garrison, 2009. Mostly, this occurs where two oceanic plates diverge giving rise to a continental crust being formed at the middle (Cox


The Scientific Revolution Significance Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

It is true that western civilization can in another term be called “scientific civilization.” The scientific revolution was first experienced in 1543 when Nicolas Copernicus first published ‘de revolutionibus orbium coelestium’ book, and later ‘De humans corporis fabric’ published by Andreas Vesalius.

Before the revolution, religion was the governing institution or the controller of the western states’ spheres. People used religion to explain the happenings of and within the universe by viewing the universe as godly beginning with nothing to do with scientific development.

Religion was the power tool that bided people with theocracy which made the church controlling everything that happened to reject every scientific thought that emerged. Any scientific innovation by somebody meant punishment to the involved individual(s).

However, the scientific revolution transformed people’s ways of perceiving things which made them divert their focus from religion. They started using scientific logic-based arguments to seek solutions to issues relating to life and death, world and universe.

They started using science to explain the world with no godly relation. Since then, the life of educated people in the western worlds has been greatly changed by the scientific revolution where the scientific works, as well as discoveries of scientists, emerged real innovation of the time.

This made the revolution become a phenomenon of the west as it took only 150 years to transform people’s way of thinking from theocratic way to scientific way incorporated with natural science and technology advancement.

This is a change that brought a significant impact on an aspect of people’s lives in fields of architecture, sculpture and painting among others. If Nicolas and Andreas feared religion punishment and ignored their discoveries, where would the world now be? (Spielvogel 2008).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) made significant contributions to the scientific revolution.

He introduced a strong argument in science when he argued that the purpose of experiments should not only be based on eliminating ignorance and obtaining information, rather it should be a way of testing both the theory and the success of the used method of testing.

Also, he brought the fact that any phenomenon is as a result of axioms and basic phenomena combination and thus it should be explained mechanically. In this way, one can explain why a phenomenon occurs in a certain way and not the other.

For example, in demonstration of acceleration, using a body and a slanted board, integration of many disciplines can be applied. (Cohen 1994) notes that “They include; the idea of gravity, mass, distance, time, force, and chemical composition of the accelerating body all of which need to be simplified to their smallest element for the involved scientist to fully understand the item.”

Through this method one move away from focusing on a phenomenon as a whole but instead as a composition of many principles which need to be tested, hence providing a complete understanding of the subject involved.

Would experiment a phenomenon as a whole lead to an informed observation of its occurrence or would experimenting of a broken down phenomenon do? (Cohen 1994).

The 17th century saw two different faces of civilized France and England, in mainly political and economic perspectives. If I were there and had to choose the nation to live, I would undoubtedly choose England.

We will write a custom Essay on The Scientific Revolution Significance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More (Cohen 1994) say that “During this time, both Louis XIV and Elizabeth I ruled France and England respectively.” Despite that, they both brought brilliant flourishing in their nations; England was more successful than France.

The power different as applied in this nation was the core contributor to the differences in success as Louis LIX used dictatorship to have authority above everyone and all bodies in France. Despite his attempt of establishing a glorious France, he failed in creating strong government requirement.

In his regime, he established extreme absolutism and him much of the nation’s wealth when he built his Versailles palace. On the other hand, Elizabeth I was successful in establishing a glorious and strong government which had the most powerful army and great art knowledge.

Unlike Louis, Elizabeth never created a religious gap within the nation, and she was successful in establishing great art and literature in England. Also, Elizabeth ruled her nation successfully without incidences of unhealthy economic.

She also involved excellent advisor in critical decision making, and she adhered to the parliamentary government which enabled her to both rules well her people and satisfy the parliament at the same time.

It is just a question of; “to follow a dictator or a charismatic leader?” (Ross 2003).

Reference list Cohen, H. F. (1994). The scientific revolution: a historiographical inquiry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ross, D. (2003). England and France (1400-1700). Compare and contrast how England and France developed between 1400-1700. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Scientific Revolution Significance by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Spielvogel, J. (2008). Western Civilization: since 1500. Boston: Cengage Learning.


Western Civilization Development Essay essay help

Western progress occasionally referred to as western culture, or European civilization is the contemporary culture of Europe and some parts of North America.

It is the superior state of scholastic, material and cultural sophistication and development which happened in the western world.

Civilization is marked by growth in the arts and sciences and is manifested by complex following and society institutions.

Rome and Greece made essential assistance to the civilization of the western world which evolved over the centuries (Spielvogel, 2009).

Man shaped many social groups to boost their likelihood of endurance. These social groupings grew and produced larger complexities ensuring civilization. Political, communal and spiritual structures were the main distinctions of civilization (Spielvogel, 2009).

It is understood that western civilization was established from the culture of Greece and Rome, and western Christianity. The established culture of Rome and Greece are considered the primary influences of civilization.

Greece was involved in the scheme of having a republic and liberty. Although the classical culture of Greece was fundamental in the creation of western civilization, it made no impact in other parts of the world like Africa.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ancient Greece made remarkable expansion in arts, sports, philosophies and the administration. Their culture has impacted the way scores of people live now in our contemporary society.

While the ancient Greek civilization was a century ago, its impact on the western world is felt until today (Spielvogel 2009).

The Greeks stretched their empire while diffusing their culture and learning from new cultures. The ideas which they formed in government, math and philosophies swayed the nearby neighbors and the future of other generations.

An imperative development in philosophy by the Greek was prepared by Socrates. The Greek characterize philosophy with the adoration of wisdom. Socrates was an intelligent Greek who came up with the Socratic design of teaching which used a query and answer layout.

The method is frequently referred at present as the methodical technique of answering. This technique obligated pupils to see things for themselves by philosophizing critically.

He was a specialist in logic who articulated and questioned the manner of teaching which deeply contributed to western civilization and is still being used presently.

He emphasized that all genuine knowledge is inside man and he has to realize this concept himself. Reason and common sense were the key factors in use in critical thinking.

We will write a custom Essay on Western Civilization Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Aristotle was another Greek philosopher whose thoughts in philosophy and science contributed enormously to western development. Most of the science ideas in the 16th century were influenced by him. Pluto emphasized that the dilemma of a person is the problem of the complete society.

The early Greeks made inventive contributions in science, math, and philosophy apart from several other areas leading to major civilization advancements. Countless philosophers in the present world still study and conclude ideas from great philosophers.

Greek philosophers were great thinkers who sought the truth for questions to the bitter end. Their work has been the main contribution to education and civilization (Cubberley, 2004).

Primordial Rome flourished as a farming society before eventually becoming one of the major empires in the recognized world. This permitted Christianity to extend and thrive in the western development process.

The broadening of Christianity was swift owing to the grand unification of Rome which enabled immediate passing of information. The Christian church gradually gained the supremacy that the state was losing as the administration of Rome continued to exasperate.

Constantine made Christianity lawful, and several laws were approved and enforced. People were steadily transformed to Christians which finally became an established faith for the masses during Rome’s sovereignty.

This unintended contribution to Christianity growth has greatly influenced western culture. Christianity caused a transformation in philosophy for the Romans, where God was looked upon as superior to the monarch and Rome.

It is a faith which teaches people on being empathetic, kind and humble. Pardoning and forgetting are other of the lessons taught. Religion was used as a means of elucidating phenomenon that man could not value or comprehend.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Western Civilization Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conquering the world Rome did not have any preliminary objective of capturing the known world. It started as a typical town before it began dominating undersized towns and villages in its region. This was caused by conflicts arising from the control of roads and fertile land.

The Romans had a much-disciplined defense force which effectively dominated Italy in the 3rd century. No state could handle the coldblooded and hardcore armies of Rome after this.

The Punic conflicts of Carthage in 146 BC gave Rome power of the Mediterranean. They won Carthage, routed Hispania, the Greeks and Asiana.

Their victories of other cities gradually followed. Rome managed to conquer the recognized world due to the unsought opposition they received from other territories. Many people took a long time to understand the strong, military force of Rome.

With the uninterrupted capturing of other territories, the Rome Empire became more affluent and dominant. The amount of wealth they amassed made their conquering and holding of the known world a simple mission.

The Romans effortlessly learned from bordering cultures and identified how best to assault their opponents. Energy, character, and authority were their chief concern (Cubberley 2004). Most Romans were farmers before civilization making them very fit, well-built and insistent.

Dominance in machinery than their neighbors made them a very physically powerful force. Rome was mainly political and authoritative while Greece was imaginative and philosophical.

They combined these characteristics to make meaningful contributions in the civilization of the known world (Cubberley, 2004).

References Cubberley, E, (2004). The history of education. Montana: kessinger publishing

Spielvogel, J, (2008). Western civilization Vol 1: TO 1715. Ohio: Cengage learning


70-Hour Workweek Dangers Essay online essay help: online essay help

Numerous people who are in professional careers and business enterprises expand their working time aiming to become the best in the area of their operation. Extreme jobs have become acceptable in several workplaces. Extremes jobs can be defined as any work that takes more than sixty hours per week with other factors that require the worker to be alert all through.

Extreme jobs demand the worker to avail him/herself throughout the week working day and night. Although people involved in such careers succeed, their work become over consuming leaving them with little or no leisure time for relaxing and being with their families, but their effort is rewarded by receiving higher positions in the career (Hewlett


Management Principles Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents What is management?

Explain Toyota using terms of four management’s functions

Two concepts that can be applied in PDD Scenario

Reference List

What is management? This is a process whereby people in an organization come together to achieve set goals and objectives (Gomez-Mejia et al., 2008). Accomplishing the goals and objectives calls for effective use of an organization’s resources. Effective management calls for proper planning and organizing (Craig, 2009). Sound leadership and competent staff are an integral part of management. Resources in the management perspective entail human, financial, and technological expertise.

Explain Toyota using terms of four management’s functions Toyota has effectively employed the four management functions to enhance its global marketing strategy. This has ensured the smooth running of its administrative duties as it achieves its set goals and objectives. The management functions that they have prioritized include the planning aspect ts, organizing, directing, and controlling.

During the planning stage, the administration has ensured that it assesses where prospective outlets should be situated globally. After the assessment, the administration initiates a course of action that is subsequently implemented after careful l considerations to ensure the Toyota goals and objectives are achieved (Pakhare, 2010).

The course of action can be altered time and again depending on the prevailing market conditions. Strategic planning has been n very pivotal in ensuring certain set goals are met. In strategic planning, Toyota gets to analyze the factors both internal and external that the stand to affect its operation and its profit margin and interfere with its attainment of set goals and objectives.

The management, therefore, evaluates the company’s strength and weaknesses, the opportunities they are likely to reap from and threats to the realization of set goals and objectives. The management also organizes its human, technological, and financial resources to ensure that the plan of action is implemented. Resources are assigned to areas where they are optimally made use of.

The staff is harmonized to come up with the best way in which tasks and expenditure of information can be best done. It is the prerogative of the management to see to it that work is divided on a priority basis. Management ensures that appropriate departments are charged with the right responsibilities.

By carrying out its ‘directing’ duties, the Toyota management gets to control and supervise the activities of their staff. Through this, the staff gets to achieve the set-out the company’s goals and objectives while accomplishing their individual career goals. The aspect of accomplishment of individual career goals is enhanced by the motivation that the management gives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Motivation is done in the form of incentives to the staff. Toyota finally accomplishes its management functions by coming up with performance standards intertwined with the company’s objectives. It carries out evaluation exercises to be abreast with job performance by the staff. Through this, they ensure that they can come up with remedial measures to findings that can impact on the company’s returns negatively.

Two concepts that can be applied in PDD Scenario In line with PPD strategic priorities of increasing growth, reducing risks, and improving their financial performance, two management concepts can be implemented to curtail the high rate of turn over that is occasioned by poor remuneration of employees and competition from other CRO’s like GlaxoSmithKline (Kotter and Cohen, 2002). The management should undertake to offer incentives to workers who perform exceptionally well on top of the salary they are paid.

This provokes employees and makes them surpass their performance levels. Incentive programs should be based on individual performance. PPD should make optimal use of its resources to ensure that it effectively carries out its set out plans and objectives (Manfred and de Vries, 2003). They should also ensure that they do their staffing competitively to ensure that the only employee the right people.

Reference List Craig, S. (2009). Merrill Bonus Case Widens as Deal Struggles. Wall Street Journal. January 29

Gomez-Mejia L. R., Balkin, D. B., and Cardy, R. L. (2008). Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Kotter, J. P. and Cohen, D. S. (2002). The Heart of Change. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing.

Manfred, F. R. and de Vries, K. (2003). The Dark Side of Leadership. Business Strategy Review, 14(3).

We will write a custom Essay on Management Principles specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Pakhare, J. (2010). The Four Functions of Management. Web.


Distance Education Types Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Literature review



Introduction Distance Education is a field of education that uses teaching methods and technology such as correspondence, printed materials, teaching and learning aids, radio, television, and computers to impart educational instructions indirectly to individuals or group of students who are not physically present in a traditional educational setting such as classroom (Rao, 2007).

Distance education is depersonalized for both the staff and the students since the source of teaching input and the learners are separated by distance and time. Due to its nature, the teaching behaviors and learning behaviors are separate, with the learners being guided by study materials prepared by an instructor who is at a different location.

Also, learners and instructors mainly communicate through one or more media. Distance education is sometimes improvised with different forms of face-to-face meetings such as seminars, workshops, and sitting for examination at a given location with the presence of instructions. Distance learning is based on two types of learning technologies: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning.

Synchronous learning technology requires the participants to be present at the same time, as it follows an organized timetable and resembles the traditional learning methods through the students are located in different location and is enhanced by facilities such as web conferencing, video conferencing, and educational television, live streaming and web-based VoIP (Rao, 2007).

In asynchronous learning technology, students access learning materials at their own time, thus it is more flexible since there is no requirement of students to be present at the same time and is enabled by facilities such as mail correspondence, emails, audio-visual recordings, voice mail, fax and message board forums (Rao, 2007).

The main advantage of distance education is that the course delivery mostly allows for accommodation of student’s time availability and removes hindrances caused by the distance a student is from the campus. A departure from the traditional learning methods in distance learning is the communication medium or online environment, which alters how the students and instructors interact.

Due to the communication medium, most of the nonverbal cues, such as facial expression and tone of voice, which the tutors use to gauge the student understanding, are lost, forcing participants to adapt to their communication style to the medium. This leads to the generation of new interaction pattern between the students and the tutors.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When using communication devices such as teleconferencing systems, there is some missing information due to lack of non-verbal cues (tone), which significantly affect the quality of communication and may affect the educational performances (Cumming, Okamoto,


Health Disparities in the United States Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Though there is a great improvement in health status in the US, health disparities are challenges causing a higher rate of mortality among the racial minorities. This article will discuss health disparities in the US and gives suggestions on how the issue can be addressed. Health Disparities in the US: the US has been experiencing health disparities mainly based on race and ethnicity.

In 1980, the US realized this problem and committed itself to provide good healthcare without discrimination. However, research was carried out for 15 years between 1990 and 2005 to determine if there were health disparities between non- Hispanic blacks and non- Hispanic whites.

They used 15 health indicators based on mortality rates they caused. These are “stroke, cancer, lung cancer, female breast cancer, motor vehicle crash, suicide, homicide, diabetes mellitus, infant mortality rate, percentage low birth weight babies, percentage of women with no prenatal care in first trimester, tuberculosis, primary and secondary syphilis” (Orsi, Anast,


Pine Breeze Administrative Applications Essay essay help online free

The rapid development of technology has enabled organizations to adopt administrative applications that utilize web-based tools to assist in the efficient delivery of services as well as lower administrative and operational costs. This paper has discussed several regulatory applications such as automated health records, computerized staffing applications, digital financial reporting and management systems, and social responsibility reporting initiatives.

These applications have immense benefits in service delivery and administrative functions, not mentioning that they improve communication and saves a considerable amount of time and financial resources for the organization. However, organizations must put in place safety mechanisms to ensure that important data are not compromised and ensure the training of personnel to use the applications effectively and efficiently.

The convergence of technology witnessed in the 21st century has enabled organizations to make use of the evolving sophistication of administrative applications in a cost-effective and efficient manner (Bamberger, 2010). Indeed, automated executive applications are now, more than ever before, assuming a high degree of importance in organizational settings as the demand for information aimed at assisting in making critical decisions continues to increase.

This paper reports the findings of an interview with the Chief Administrator of Pine Breeze health facility about some of the administrative applications found within the health institution. The interviewee acknowledged the existence of several administrative applications used by the hospital to roll out efficient services to patients as well as assist in the management of the day-to-day activities of the facility.

The respondent underlined the fact that the facility was in the process of adopting information technology (IT) solutions to not only improve efficiency in the delivery of services but also ensure that the institution follows laid down procedures and guidelines in its interactions with patients and personnel. According to Pratt (2010), online administrative systems now allow the implementation of applications that requires minimal financial and human resources to run.

Many administrative applications in the health facility, according to the chief administrator, are used to administer processes that are vital to the efficient running of the organization. The interviewee noted that the organization had invested heavily in applications that ensure effective financial reporting, operational decision-making, patient access, marketing, performance management, and communication.

It is imperative to note that the respondent classified automated patient records and personal health records as administrative applications since they allow for quick and easy access to patient information. The clinical decision support system was also incorporated as an administrative application because it promotes faster decision-making processes among the health professionals, not mentioning the fact that this application allows patients to have access to important information about how to manage some critical health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The health organization makes use of the web-based platform of communication, and employees are given a password to enable them to access key information about duty scheduling, organizational policies and directives, and other administrative information. This platform, according to the interviewee, is interactive and allows employees to exchange ideas and knowledge online.

Administratively, the organization has an employee database that explicitly deals with employee issues such as contractual terms, remuneration, work hours, leaves and other benefits. According to Roos et al. (2003) comprehensive computerized staffing, applications are essential to the effective management of an organization’s human resources for optimal productivity and performance.

The respondent also acknowledged that the organization has a comprehensive online financial reporting and management application, which deals with issues of patient billing, credit and collections, and revenue cycle management. Indeed, the interviewee was categorical that the online financial reporting and management application has substantially assisted the health organization to streamline its revenue-generating capacities while ensuring that all finances are accounted for.

Lastly, the organization has a social responsibility database, which provides information about the various initiatives that the health facility is undertaking for the benefit of the immediate community as well as to enhance its corporate image. The interviewee acknowledged that there are immense benefits associated with administrative applications, particularly in ensuring the efficient delivery of services and prudent financial reporting, and in ensuring that the health facility uses less financial and human resources than it did previously.

As observed by Pratt (2010), some applications such as automated patient records “allow quick access to patients clinical history and information concerning medications taken, current providers and insurance coverage” (p. 409). These administrative applications are also used to book appointments and track patient flows. The interviewee acknowledged that the computerized staffing application had indeed benefited the organization to schedule employees easily and more equitably while employing the already existing information technology tools.

According to Pratt (2010), computerized staffing allows organizations to keep track of employee payroll and other issues related to employees such as duty scheduling and benefits. The computerized financial reporting and management application, according to the interviewee, is beneficial in that it makes the process of budgeting much more efficient and much less time-consuming.

Roos et al. (2003) opines that a credible financial reporting and management system must have the capacity to not only track billing, accounts receivable and accounts payable, but also manage other capital undertakings such as capital assets and investments. The social responsibility application has greatly assisted the organization to market its initiatives to the consumers of its services.

We will write a custom Essay on Pine Breeze Administrative Applications specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Safety and training issues were raised as the major limitations of the administrative applications discussed during the interview. According to Bamberger (2010), many administrative applications used by organizations are available online, implying that there may be subject to unregulated access and hacking if necessary precautionary measures are not instituted.

Indeed, several organizations have lost key information that may be used by hackers to destabilize or even steal from them. Organizations also have to meet training costs of their employees in an attempt to empower them on the proper usage of the applications. To conclude, it is evident that many organizations are now adopting IT tools to strengthen their administrative applications.

This paper has discussed how administrative applications are used in the facility to enhance patient experience and enable the facilities to run their procedures and processes efficiently. It has been established that ensuring efficiency, lowering operational costs, enhancing quick information to vital information, and generating effective communication mechanisms are the main drivers behind the adoption of modern online-based administrative applications.

However, organizations must put in place safety mechanisms to ensure that important data are not compromised and ensure the training of personnel to use the applications effectively.

Reference List Bamberger, K.A. (2010). Technologies of compliance: Risk and regulation in a digital age. Texas Law Review, 88(4), 669-739. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier Database

Pratt, J.R. (2010). Long-term care: Managing across the continuum. Sudbury, MA. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, LLC

Roos, L.L., Sodeen, R.A., Bond, R.,


Psychological Testing Issues Essay essay help

Psychological testing is the assessment of a person’s emotional and cognitive functioning using various techniques to help develop a certain conclusion about an individual’s personality, behavior, and capabilities. Some psychological tests are designed in such a way that an individual unwittingly reveals certain information about himself/herself, hence an invasion of an individual’s privacy.

In psychological testing, ethical principles demand the right to privacy and confidentiality for the individual being assessed. Individuals are entitled to their privacy, and no disclosure of their personal information is allowed without their direct permission.

The principle of the right to privacy implies that an individual has the right to choose the information regarding his/her beliefs, attitudes, actions, and feelings to another person, often a licensed psychologist (Hogan, 2007, p.117). However, sometimes the confidentiality is breached especially when managers undertake a psychological assessment of their employees (McIntire


Participation in Clinical Trials by African Americans Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction and Background African Americans comprise 13 percent of the overall population. However, they account for a disproportionate percentage of heart disease, breast cancer, and other health-related problems. Based on the drug trials that have been done on Caucasian populations, the outcomes often prove ineffective for the highly vulnerable African American category.

Very few studies have elaborated the attitudes, beliefs, and fears of African-American people about hindrances to their participation in clinical trials and scientific studies. So far, most of the research carried out entailed the utilization of relatively small sample size and as such limiting the validity of the results obtained in such studies.

Consequently, a select population usually oncology patients has been utilized in the majority of these studies further limiting the validity of the outcomes. The problems of clinical trial recruitment are evident among urban African Americans and based on the numbers they are considered a minority group in the United States.

Their lack of participation and low interest in clinical trials poses a great challenge in generalizing findings, as well as assessing how ongoing research can be useful to this population. Strategies for increasing participation of the “blacks” have been impeded by the paucity of science to offer guidelines for investigators.

This is crucial especially when it comes to those diseases and conditions that are widely known to affect Caucasians. In such cases, there is a tendency to extrapolate the findings to other ethnic groups when in reality the findings won’t be of any value to these minority groups. Models aimed at addressing this issue need to be designed to give guidance to the implementation and evaluation of recruitment and tactics for retaining participants.

Therefore, an investigation of the low participation of African Africans in clinical trials is a priority. Corbie-Smith et al. (2003) mention that several limitations of clinical trials are due to poor representation of racial/ethnic minorities in most clinical trials carried out in the United States of America.

The findings cannot be generalized because there is an inability to conduct subgroup analyses, which leads to a lack of access to high-quality treatment for different medical conditions, and questionable equity in health services provision. Major disparities in healthcare service provisions occur when ethnic and racial communities are not represented fairly or adequately in medical research.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Much broader inclusion of minorities in clinical research trials is needed, as per Heiat et al., (2002), and also mandated by the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act 1993 (NIH p. 103). Green et al., (2001) believe that despite the mandate, the inclusion of these minority groups has not been consistent enough to produce results that might guide therapeutic decisions.

Although the problem has been deemed with greater concern and attention, significant strides are required to advance the current status quo in clinical research. The main goal of this study is to ascertain the reasons behind the low participation of African Americans in clinical trials.

Furthermore, the study aims at identifying the barriers that prevent the full participation of this subset in clinical trials. The study will also put forward recommendations on what needs to be done to improve the current status quo.

Literature Summary The article, “Increase Minority Participation and Awareness of Clinical Trials” by The National Medical Association gives some beginning insight into barriers related to participation. Each trial is meant to provide an answer to scientific questions in the pursuit for prevention, screening, diagnosing, or treatment of a disease that meets set standards of the National Medical Association, 2008 (Powell 2008, p. 182).

The common reasons why African Americans do not participate in clinical trials are highlighted and include: little or lack of awareness, limited access to proper healthcare, recommend. Action refusals by doctors, personal fear/distrust, cultural beliefs or myths surrounding research, and discouragement due to the racial and ethnic discrimination (National Medical Association, 2008).

Mason (2005, p. 298) categorically mentions that African Americans, as a cultural/racial community, are prone to feelings of uncertainty when participating in clinical trials mainly because of issues of trust with the research community dominated by a Caucasian population.

He draws attention to the “Tuskegee Syphilis Study” which is known to be one of the most significantly disgraceful acts in America’s medical research history. Due to the consequences of this study, approximately 400 African American men remained untreated for almost 40 years.

We will write a custom Essay on Participation in Clinical Trials by African Americans specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This incident has been benchmarked as an instance of abuse and misuse of the research process, making the African American community wary of any research conducted by the dominant population. Perelman (2001) believes that although controlled clinical trials are widely regarded as the gold, standard in the evaluation of the efficacy of clinical interventions.

Their external validity is questionable especially if the participants are not representative of the target population. Women, children, the aged and ethnic/racial minorities frequently fall into blanket exclusions when it comes to clinical trials and other scientific studies (Britton et al., 1999).

Also, the ethical conduct of many researchers and those involved in carrying out in the study has been questioned as some of these researchers end up exploiting the minority groups in the name of research. Consequently, there is a misuse of the concept of the informed consent by some researchers especially when minority groups are involved in the studies.

This stems from the fact that one may not get adequate representative samples when dealing with these groups. Though the National Institute of Health demands that minority groups should be adequately represented in medical trials, there has been a continued decrease in the participation of the African Americans because of lack of trust in the trials.

As a result, developments of specific drugs or therapies fail to cater to special needs that African Americans may have like genetic predispositions to certain ailments. Since they are a considerable percentage of the total population, health impacts affect the whole population in terms of pressure on health facilities and spending taxes on their medication.

This lack of participation is often associated with the investigator’s difficulties in recruiting and retaining the participants (Shavers-Hornaday et al., 1997). There are many studies (Linden et al., 2007, p. 263; Corbie-Smith, 1999) that have indicated that African Americans could shy away from clinical trials and other medical statistics as they have a lot of barriers to the come for them to take part in the trials.

This, therefore, means that there needs to be a culturally sensitive and appropriate efficient recruitment process (Chandra


Automated Dispensing Systems in Health Institutions Essay college essay help online

From their inception in the early 1990s, automated dispensing systems continue to assist health institutions to manage their operating costs and enhance patient safety by providing increased control over controlled substances and floor stock medications in patient-centered settings.

The systems have also been noted to not only increase productivity and sustain competitiveness, but also improve charge capture and documentation accuracy, and reduce personnel labor costs. However, serious concerns have been raised about the efficacy of the automated dispensing devices to reduce or completely erase medication errors, with some analysts suggesting that these devices may indeed introduce much potential for medication errors.

This policy directive seeks to provide a workable remedy to this serious challenge by suggesting that health institutions need to:

purchase adequate number of the automated dispensing systems to ensure availability of sufficient single-dose dispensing units;

fast-track their compliance with government regulations requiring the linking of pharmacy computer systems to drug cabinets operated by the automated dispensing devices;

update their systems with software that limits open access to all medications in the system’s drawer, and;

provide adequate training on the use of automated dispensing devices to the nursing personnel.

The convergence of technology witnessed in the 21st century has enabled many health institutions worldwide to adopt technology solutions which inarguably assist in the management of operating costs and enhancement of patient safety.

Automated dispensing systems (ADS) are one such solution that, since their inception in the early 1990s, have enabled health institutions to manage operating costs over time, open new markets for the modern pharmacy, and promote patient safety by providing increased control over controlled substances and floor stock medications in patient-centered settings.

In addition to the mentioned benefits, many health institutions are now using ADS for storing and dispensing practically all scheduled medications thereby eradicating manual dispensing and delivery processes (Brown, 2006).

The eradication of manual medication dispensing techniques through the employment of automated systems has been noted to not only increase productivity and sustain competitiveness but also to improve charge capture and documentation accuracy as well as curtail personnel labor costs (Dumitru


Benjamin Franklin’s Argument Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction




Introduction This paper compares the civilization of the western world and the developing countries represented by India. This is carried out about the remarks of Benjamin Franklin. This article is an examination of two different cultures.

Analysis Franklin was quoted saying, “Savages we call them since their manners differ from ours, which we think the perfection of civility; they think the same of theirs” (Warner


The UAE Economy Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


Problems in the UAE economy

Political Unrest

Prospects of the UAE Economy

My Opinion of the UAE Economy

My Recommendations


Introduction According to various economic indicators like the Gross Domestic Products (GDP), Human Development Index and steel and energy consumption; the economy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is considered a diversified and highly growing economy. The UAE economy is an open economy, has 10% of the world’s oil reserves and is the world’s fifth natural gas supplier. It has consistently enjoyed an increase in the GDP that averages 6.5% per annum.

Economy The United Arab Emirates (UAE) economy is dominantly pearl production, agriculture, mining, fishing, real estate, and herding. It is argued that the increase in oil prices in 1973 is what led to the spiraling economy of the UAE; it has a large volume of oil and gas reserves, and since then henceforth petroleum has dominated the economy and accounts for most of the UAE exports and has also been largely associated with the growth in the UAE economy since oil contributes to thirty percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Majority of the UAE imports are mostly manufactured goods and machinery which account for 70% of the imports. To spur the economy, the UAE government has created free trade zones where goods for transshipment and re-exportation are granted 100% duty exemption. Government policies are also favorable to the citizens of the UAE; an example is a mandatory requirement that any company should have a minimum of 51% local ownership which is considered a strategy to place Emiratis in management positions in all companies.

As a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the UAE is an active member of all functions that are economically oriented including investment policies and trade cooperation (UAE, 2011). Unlike the majority of the countries, the economy of the UAE is less dependent on the available natural resources as the main sources of revenue; despite relying on the exportation of gas and petroleum, the UAE economy is also driven by the flourishing construction industry and a booming services sector which has helped to diversify the economy.

The prosperous infrastructure sector confirms that every sector of the economy enjoys quick expansion; the diversification and liberalization of the economy is one way of curbing heavy reliance on oil in the transformation of the economy and has led to investments in the production of aluminum, tourism and the telecommunication sectors.

Land reclamation has also proved to be an economic force to the UAE economy; reclamation of land has enhanced food security and sufficiency. Land reclamation has facilitated the intensification of agricultural activities which accounts for 3% of the GDP and has employed the citizens.

Tourism promotion has led to the growth of the tourism sector; the opening of the Burj al-Arab has been touted as one of the most luxurious hotels and the tallest in the world. Tourism has also been promoted through the selling of holiday homes which targets the wealthiest foreigners.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The trading in shares by the companies in the UAE is through Abu Dhabi Securities Market (ADSM) and the Dubai Financial Market (DFM). These two financial markets have demonstrated a justifiable growth and are considered among the established in the world according to the analysis of the volume of shares traded (UAE Central Bank, 2011).

The real estate and construction sector has also been considered a booming sector in the UAE economy; this sector contributes to 15% of the GDP. The intensification of diversification as advocated by the government with the objective of reducing dependence on oil is what has led to the growth of the real estate sector.

The evidence of booming construction and real estate sector is due to the heavy presence of cranes and also because Dubai is the hub for the world’s best construction companies (Kumar, Agarwal


Hinduism Definition and Characteristics Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Origin of Hinduism

Diffusion of Hinduism

Location of Hinduism

Characteristics of Hinduism


Works cited

Introduction Hinduism is the third most popular religion on earth. This paper seeks to discuss Hinduism in details by covering its Origin, diffusion, location, and characteristics. The discussion will bring out what makes Hinduism unique.

Origin of Hinduism Hinduism is one of the oldest religions, and it is considered to be approximately 20,000 years old. It was the first religion of human civilization. The chief prophets that introduced the Hindu religion were BRAMHA from central India together with BISHNU and MAHESWARA from the south and north India respectively.

Hinduism, unlike Christianity and Muslim, does not subscribe to a single book either does it derive origin from a human being like Jesus and Mohammed for Christians and Muslims respectively, instead it is an amalgamation of numerous religions and various set of beliefs. Hindu lacks creed and a single authority which makes it unique.

Hinduism as a name was derived from central Asia as an explanation of the civilization that took place along the river Sindhu. The pronunciation of s as H by the residents brought the real meaning of the name of the religion. The specific origin of Hindu was at the Indus valley in Pakistan; the Hindu religion was originally referred to as SANATANA DHARMA.

The residents of Sindhu invaded India and integrated with the local population and adopted the Hindu religion. Hinduism is divided into various divisions and includes the Punjab and the Gujarati as the main groups while the others come from India, Sri Lanka, and other countries.

The language used in the summons is Sanskrit. Other distinguishing features that make Hinduism unique are: they lack a theological doctrinarian, lacks a single system of morality and also there is an absence of the concept of the prophet (Dogra and Dogra 5).

Diffusion of Hinduism From the Indus valley, Hinduism spread into Southeast Asia all through to the island of Bali in Indonesia. Hindu has an estimated population of 750 million followers. The largest numbers of people who subscribe to the Hindu religion are in India where it is the main religion with almost 80% of believers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Hindu religion also has some followers in the United Kingdom that amount to approximately 1% of the UK population; in the UK it developed in the 1960s and 1970s following the migration of people from Africa and India to the UK.

Location of Hinduism Being the third largest religion in the world Hindu is the predominant religion in the south Asia region. That means it is the main religion in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. The spread of Hindu religion was primarily due to trade. The Indians used their merchandising power to assimilate people into the Hindu culture.

This is explained by the presence of Hindu in the dominantly Muslim countries like Malaysia, the main reason why it operates in these Muslim countries is due to its appealing and universal nature.

Characteristics of Hinduism Just like the other religions, Hindu has an inherent characteristic that distinguishes it from other religions. Among the characteristics of Hindu are: there exists no universal Hinduism, and it lacks a conventional system of beliefs. The distinguishing tenets of Hinduism are the belief in the following themes: “Dharma-to mean ethics and duties; Samsara- rebirth; karma- right action and moksha- liberation of the cycle of samsara” (Hinduism 1).

Followers of Hinduism believe in one Supreme Being who they refer to as Brahman: Brahma to them is uncreated, omnipotent, omnipresent and eternal; Hindi recognize the existence of other gods representing different aspects of Brahma, and they recognize both the masculine and the feminine to complement each other (Hinduism 1). These are:

Brahma: this is the creator aspect of the supreme god and often associated with Maya; avidya Maya who is the symbol of ignorance and Vidya Maya who is the symbol of knowledge (Hinduism 1).

Vishnu: he is the one who preserves the universe and can appear in the earth in different forms and more often linked with the incarnations of God (Hinduism 1).

Shiva: This aspect of God who is the destroyer or transcendent; he is the supreme God of Shaiva, the three branches of Hindu (Hinduism 1).

Hindu also believes in the theory of causality or karma: the Hindu religion believes on the rebirth and the notion that the human soul is eternal. According to a Hindu therefore, an individual can experience the consequences of his actions through the rebirth cycle.

Another belief of the Hindu religion is the belief in the theory of the wheel of rebirth: this is well known as the reincarnation of rebirth. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion: the fact that there is one god and several goddesses make it a polytheistic religion.

We will write a custom Essay on Hinduism Definition and Characteristics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hinduism, unlike Christianity, is not only a religion but a way of life. Several forms of Hindu are henotheistic; this implies that they recognize only one Supreme Being but under him are the gods and goddess who can manifest each source (Hinduism 1).

Lastly, it should be noted that Hindus have three basic principles that are linked to religion; these are:

Worship: Hindu belief in worship as an integral mode of their faith.

Cremation: according to the Hindus, people who die are burned and not buried.

Adherence to the rules of the caste system: caste system is the division of individuals according to social groups. Each caste has its specific rule that has to be followed and obeyed (Hinduism 1).

Conclusion Hinduism is quite popular and unique too. Hinduism cannot be considered to be a religion due to its many divisions and origin. Unlike other religions, Hinduism did not originate from a prophet but rather is considered as a set of many beliefs which are sewn together.

Works cited Dogra, Urmila and Dogra, Ramil. Let’s know Hinduism: the oldest religion of infinite adaptability and diversity, 2nd Ed. New York: Star Publications, 2003. Print.

Hinduism. Hinduism from the ancient time. Hinduism Today, 2011. Web.


Clinical Information System Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

Medical professionals experience varied information needs when dealing with patients in the process of making informed diagnoses and treatment decisions. As a direct consequence, identifying information which is important to clinicians at the point of care and identifying a framework through which such information can be accurately and efficiently provided to clinicians has assumed critical importance in modern clinical settings (Mei et al., 2010).

There exists a multiplicity of clinical information systems that clinicians and patients can use to access important clinical information, but the two most used platforms include the management information systems and the clinical decision support systems (Solomon, 2008).

This report describes the clinical decision support system for Diabetes and also discusses how this platform could be improved to provide optimal measurable outcomes for clinicians and patients. According to Solomon (2008), integrated clinical information systems such as clinical decision support systems are fundamental to successful chronic care management by their capacity to support access to, and sharing of, health information and expertise among members of a multi-disciplinary care team.

The clinical decision support system for Diabetes has enabled clinicians in the health facility to access important health information about this chronic condition, thereby fostering collaborative activities among the clinicians and a marked reduction in medical errors. This system also assists clinicians to standardize treatment procedures by providing information and best practices for dealing with cases of Diabetes.

Through the clinical decision support system, clinicians at the health facility can share information with colleagues and Diabetes agencies, creating an environment whereby Diabetes patients are treated from an informed perspective due to easy accessibility of critical information on treatment and management.

Despite the gains made so far, it is imperative to consider improving the current clinical decision support system to a more patient-centered model, where patients can be empowered to have self-management and self-monitoring skills for better disease management. With the support of clinicians and the health facility, patients with Diabetes can be actively engaged in managing the daily challenges that come with the condition.

Solomon (2008) acknowledges that “…the application of information technology (IT) to support self-management extends the reach of the provider organization by linking patients to the exchange of health information and facilitating self-management activities” (p. 391).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As such, the current clinical decision support system needs to be expanded to incorporate the patients and create an effective channel where patients could use web-based applications to access the health facility’s clinical decision support system for important information that will enhance their self-management skills.

The above-stated improvement, in my view, will result in the efficient and timely delivery of services to populations who need them. When patients are empowered with the capacity to make informed decisions about their health challenges, the amount of time that clinicians take to attend to patients will be reduced, treatment outcomes becomes substantially effective.

Level of patient satisfaction considerably increases, and medical costs are likely to come down (Hsueh-Chun et al., 2011). Consequently, treatment times, the effectiveness of treatment, level of patient satisfaction and variations in medical costs will serve as the measurable outcomes for this improvement.

In addition to these outcomes, it is known that such a customer-centered clinical decision support system will save lives as patients will have the necessary information and Diabetes management skills at their fingertips.

Reference List Hsueh-Chun, L., Hsi-Chin, W., Chih-Hung, C., Tsai-Chung, L., Wen-Miin, L.,


Conservation and Preservation Ethics Essay custom essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Differences between the two concepts



Introduction Conservation refers to the process of protecting and carefully managing one’s natural resources or environment. However, this requires human intervention. A common conservation effort is soil protection against erosion. Preservation, on the other hand, refers to the act of safekeeping or safeguarding against potential harm. It entails leaving things as they are rather than changing them for the better.

Differences between the two concepts Preservation considers human agency as a problem because it will interfere with the way things are naturally. Therefore, preservation ethics attempts to keep human beings away from the natural environment. It is governed by the noninterference philosophy.

On the other hand, conservation ethics presumes that human beings can make a great contribution towards the sustenance of the ecosystem and it, therefore, depends upon man to make things work. Therefore, man is a manager of the environment in conservation while the environment itself is its manager in preservation ethics.

This is the reason why a lot of restriction is advocated for by preservations who will seclude a certain area away from hum interaction. It is assumed that humans tend to destroy their environment, so they need to be kept away (Jamieson, 2001). In certain circumstances, a particular area of the environment may exhibit a kind of imbalance.

Here, human beings can harvest certain species to restore that equilibrium. For example, in an area that had a certain rare plant species, a predating plant may come up that reduces nutrients available to the rare plant species. In those scenarios, a man may intervene if he is a conservation ethicist because his goal may be to restore the balance in that area.

Such interventions are not prevalent in preservation ethics because it is assumed that nature will take care of itself. The one thing that brings both conservation and preservation ethicists together is the fact that they both have an altruistic goal which is to ensure that the environment remains intact (Taylor, 1981).

In my area, a natural resource that can be preserved is a nearby river. This resource would benefit from preservation more than conservation because human interference is the biggest problem here. Humans tend to fish in those waters thus depleting the natural population of fish in the area and upsetting the ecosystem.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To maintain the balance, it will be essential to minimize the rate of activities that go on in this area. Sometimes it may be necessary to disregard both preservation and conservation ethics. Development ethics may sometimes be appropriate when too much emphasis is given to natural resources at the expense of human lives.

The challenge with preservation and conservation ethics is that these points of view tend to look at man as a kind of cancer to his environment. In certain circumstances, these environmentalists may advocate for nature and its preservation over and above human needs like hunger, In other words, such philosophies then become misanthropic because they infringe upon people who are not in a position to protect themselves as they are poor.

Conservation and preservation may seem elitist when individuals are in dire need. Development ethics solves this problem because it focuses on human good but still emphasizes the importance of sustainability. It postulates a theory that is workable even for the poorest on the planet.

Conclusion Main differences between conservation and preservation arise owing to their view on the role of human intervention. Sometimes these two theories may be inappropriate when they prioritize nature over basic human needs.

References Jamieson, D. (2001). A companion to environmental philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell

Taylor, P. (1981). Ethics of respect for nature. Environmental ethics, 3, 197-218


Democracy as the Best Form of Government Essay argumentative essay help

A democracy is a form of governance characterized by power sharing. The implication of this is that all the citizens have an equal voice in the way a nation is governed. This often encompasses either direct or indirect involvement in lawmaking. “Democracy” can be a very delicate subject for any writer.

Throughout history, various scholars, including ancient philosophers, have had a divergent view on whether democracy is the best form of governance (Kelsen 3). Some of these arguments are discussed in this essay. Democracy appears to go hand in hand with national unity.

This is particularly true because this form of governance is all about people, and these people are working together towards attainment of national goals. The cohesiveness also results from the freedom prevailing in a democratic environment. Unity and liberty in a nation lay a fertile ground for economic and social growth (Weatherford 121).

In a democratic form of government, the entire citizenry is cushioned against exploitation and all form of abuse. As opposed to other governance approaches (for instance monarchy and dictatorship), democracy engages the people in decision-making processes. This ensures efficient delivery of basic services such as education, health care, and security.

Moreover, these services will be of high quality. Having people govern themselves significantly minimizes the risk of running a nation into chaos. In operational democracies, policies must undergo thorough scrutiny by many organs of government and stakeholders before they are made laws. The modalities of implementing the laws are also carefully determined.

In such a corporate system, it would be rare for all the involved people to be wrong. Therefore democracy protects a nation against the consequences of human errors. As a consequence of reduced possibility for human errors, people will experience a nation devoid of civil wars and strife. This atmosphere, in turn, perpetuates the general growth of a nation.

Democracy acts as a framework within which the law about the basic human rights operates (Barak 27). In a democratic environment, the law gives equal entitlement to the bill of rights with total disregard of race, ethnicity or economic class.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, democracy may not be worth the high status it has been accorded for centuries by many schools of thought. Democracy gives an opportunity for all citizens to vote (Williamson 36). This can be technically hazardous to a nation. An average voter is not adequately equipped with the necessary information on the economic and political aspects of a nation.

The direct implication is that a fairly large percentage of voters will base their choice on limited and incorrect information. This situation can greatly impair development. Democratic approaches tend to slow down the process of policy-making and implementation (Dahl 49). This is due to the bureaucracies associated with democracy.

For example, it may take twelve months for parliament to debate over a bill, pass it into law and fully enforce it. In a dictatorial system, however, the same process would take utmost one day. For many years, democracy has been synonymous with political instability (Snell 18). The high turnover rate of governments comes with drastic changes in national and international policies.

New governments tend to attract much criticism from the media and non-governmental bodies. This criticism and alteration of international relations policies keep off foreign investors, something that can have immense economic implications to a nation.

The seemingly most feared danger of democracy relates to the basic rights of the minority. A case in point is the Netherlands. The Dutch parliament enacted a law against female genital mutilation. The Somali living in the Netherlands could not have a say in this because they are a small group.

In conclusion, the name a government gives itself is immaterial. Whether a government calls itself democratic, anarchy, monarchy, or dictatorial, the most important question should be “Are the people getting back what they deserve?”

Works Cited Barak, Aharon. The Judge in a Democracy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2006. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on Democracy as the Best Form of Government specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dahl, Robert. Democracy and its Critics. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989. Print.

Kelsen, Hans. “Foundations of Democracy.” Ethics 66.1 (1955):1–101.

Snell, Daniel. Flight and Freedom in the Ancient Near East. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2001. Print.

Weatherford, McIver. Indian givers: how the Indians of the America transformed the world. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1988. Print.

Williamson, Thames. Problems in American Democracy. Montana: Kessinger Publishing, 2004. Print.


Clinical and Personnel Databases Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

The convergence of technology in the 21st century has enabled many healthcare organizations to adopt technology products that avail informational resources, patient-related information, employee information and terms, decision support tools and other features that are important to the delivery of safe and efficient healthcare (Rada, 2008).

This paper reports the findings of an interview conducted with the Chief Information Officer (CIO) of Pine Breeze health facility regarding the databases available to both clinical and administrative personnel. In the interview, the CIO acknowledged that the healthcare organization had adopted four tiers of clinical databases, namely: clinical decision support systems, electronic medical registers, general healthcare information meant for patients, and telemedicine.

These tiers, according to the CIO, are implemented on secure internet-based protocols, with two of the tiers – decision support systems and electronic medical registers – integrated into a multi-institutional framework serving 50 health facilities in the region.

The interviewee particularly stressed the importance of clinical databases and electronic patient information databases in ensuring efficient, consistent and error-free delivery of health services. According to Health Hero Network (2009), “…clinical databases consist of observational data collected on patients who meet specific criteria” (para. 1).

The respondent further clarified that clinical databases are institutional-specific, multi-institutional, and population-based. Institutional-based clinical databases dealt with information about patients visiting this particular health facility while multi-institutional databases profiled patient accruals in multiple health facilities.

Health Hero Network (2009) posits that multi-institutional databases are often used to address challenges related to inter-facility discrepancies and to develop statistical paradigms to forecast patient results based on prognostic factors. Population-based clinical databases are often required in the healthcare context to evaluate disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates not only in the health facility but also across the region.

The CIO also took time to explain how the facility has adopted decision support systems and electronic patient health information registers and how these adoptions have aided the facility to provide cost-effective care and treatment to patients. Electronic health registers, according to Rada (2008), facilitates the fast retrieval of patient health information thus saving lives.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Decision support systems aid clinicians to make well-informed decisions by making reference to online resources about the best practices in the management of a particular health condition (Rada, 2008). Several databases are available for the administrative personnel in the health facility.

The human resource department has access to databases containing employee information, duty scheduling, rewards and promotion, training, and organizational ethics. The general management division has access to databases related to the organization’s vision, mission, and policies.

Beaver (2003) argues that administrative information must be harmonized with the broader goals and objectives of the institution, thus the need to develop effective administrative databases. From the interview, it was learned that some of the patient information and data is used administratively when it comes to dealing with issues of health insurance, claims and reimbursement, and in evaluating the facility’s effectiveness in the provision of care.

The respondent reported that the main responsibility of the information and communication department in the health facility is to oversee the efficient running of these databases since the health facility has realized that information is power.

Clinical databases take the bulk of time of ICT personnel since they require constant upgrading to update them on the industry’s best practices. Additionally, they require to be continually upgraded to demonstrate the true picture of a particular health condition affecting patients across several health facilities (Beaver, 2003).

Reference List Beaver, K. (2003). Healthcare information systems, 2nd Ed. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press LLC

Health Hero Network. (2009). Decision support tools. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Clinical and Personnel Databases specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Rada, R. (2008). Information systems and healthcare enterprises. London: IGI Publishing


Stress Reduction at Work Report cheap essay help

Stress is part of everyone in our day-to-day lives. It is normal for anyone to go through a stressing moment occasionally, but excessive stress is worse, as it interferes with our work productivity, and affects our physical and psychological health. For the working people, their main sources of stress are the challenges in their working places, and from their social lives and families (Lynda 102).

Young people go through stress because of the workload at school and from their peers, as well as their family members. Luckily, there are several solutions on how one can manage and reduce the level of stress at the working place. If everyone can manage his or her stress successfully, the chances of passing its effects to other people are reduced, but if left to overcome one, its effects can be passed to everyone in the workplace.

To begin with, taking responsibility for one’s duties can help one to improve his physical and psychological welfare. The people, who are irresponsible in their working places, undergo extra stressing moments as they feel like failures and liable to blame due to their acts. Through learning better ways of communication in the working place will improve the relationship of the person with his fellow employees and with the management.

In case of anything, he or she is unable to handle or may require some assistance; such a person would be in a position to pass his worries to the others and find a solution (Chappell and Martino 96). Some people in the working place suffer just because they do not know how to communicate their struggles to the management or the relevant people.

Moreover, taking care of oneself may help a great deal to reduce levels of stress. For instance, if there are some causes of stress at the working place, it is advisable for one to take some actions and manage his or her personal life (Furnham 113). One is supposed to start with the most sensitive aspects such as physical and psychological health.

When one’s health is good, and other physical needs are available, one feels strong and more positive to face life. One feels better and fully equipped to handle all sorts of challenges without letting anything to overcome his or her strengths. One should not use large amounts of money to take care of his personal life, but small things can also lift ones well being like dressing smartly and comfortably.

Lifting one’s mood should be a process of one step at a time. When one is facing some form of stress at the working place, he or she should get set in a moving mood through being engaged in aerobic exercises. Through those perspiring exercises, one increases body energy as well as making the mind and the body to relax. These exercises can be tried everyday or in several days per week depending on the level of stress.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As one gets the mind busy in exercise, he or she should come up with food choices that would enable him to maintain the energy and as well feel good (Furnham 501). People with stress are advised to take small energetic foods in frequent moods throughout the day, to maintain a good level of sugar in the body. During the stressing moments, the body uses much energy hence lowering the blood sugars.

If one is an alcoholic, he or she should take alcohol in moderation and at the same time avoid nicotine. On a temporary basis, alcohol can help to reduce fears and worries, but too much of it can increase the level of anxiety. This is a way of reducing stress but should be used carefully, as it may lead to alcohol abuse and psychological dependence.

Although stress makes one to lack sleep, one should also enjoy enough sleep, to have the ability to handle the stressing issues. One of the most important factors of one to cope with the working stress is having enough rest while at home. Other known ways of reducing stress at workplaces are through prioritizing and organizing responsibilities.

The fact that one is undergoing some form of stress does not mean that he or she will not perform the required duties. The best way of approaching the responsibilities during this stressing moment is by creating a balanced schedule for all the daily tasks (Stranks 74). It is good for one to balance office work and family responsibilities. As one tries to satisfy both sides of work, some in between breaks should do well to such a person.

As he or she relaxes from the daily tasks, this person gets a good time to reflect on other issues that bring stress to his life and how to solve them. If one is in such a condition, he or she should not put too many commitments at a limited time. In case there are so many tasks to be gone through in a single day, such a person is supposed to define the things that must be done, and the things that should be (Furnham 621).

The list of duties should start with those that are necessary, and those that are less important should not be done or be done later. Avoiding lateness especially in the morning can greatly help the situation. A stressed person at the workplace should leave the house earlier and arrive in the office like 10-20 minutes earlier. This will avoid much rushing in the office that can add more stress.

This allowance of time would allow this person to ease and set ready for daily tasks. As one attends the daily tasks, there is also a need to plan for regular breaks throughout the day. Taking short breaks where such a person can sit back and clear the mind, during the lunch break this person should leave that desk and take a short walk to break the monotony of sitting in that desk.

We will write a custom Report on Stress Reduction at Work specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sitting in that desk for long may add more thoughts of the stressing issues as their cause are that same office. By taking these short breaks away from the office, will make this person relax, and improve the working productivity. By managing the daily tasks well, one can successfully reduce the level of stress.

At times, a stressed person may have a big project ahead, and the stressing moment does not qualify her or him to fail or escape from completing the project. Such a person should make a plan of small steps. The focus of this person should be to manage these small steps one at a time instead of the entire project (Melanie 85).

Taking the whole project at the same time may lead to a status of making things worse, because at one point or the other this person may fail to accomplish the goals. Sometimes, the workload may be too much for this person to bear. During this stressing moment, one can delegate some of the responsibilities for some other people to take care of some steps.

The desire of being the overall boss should not be applicable in such times, through delegating some responsibilities; one would be escaping from some unnecessary stress. Another simple and best way of helping one to reduce the level of stress at the working place is by improving emotional intelligence (Furnham 212). This is whereby a person can manage and control his or her emotions in a friendly and positive manner.

One can use intelligent ways to approach others and draw them nearer to overcome the differences and treat the wounded areas. If the stress is coming from the boss or the fellow employees, one can intelligently approach the relevant person and solve everything amicably. There is nobody born with emotional intelligence, its something that can be learned by anybody.

For one to succeed in solving stressing issues through emotional intelligence is when one develops self-awareness whereby he or she can recognize the emotions and their immediate impacts before he or she makes any decisions. Through doing self-management such as trying all the best to control the emotions and getting used to various changes.

One can also benefit through influencing and connecting with others in such a way that it will be easier to solve conflicts. Stress should be managed, as it is part of our normal lives. The impact of excessive stress is unbearable as they can result in some serious cases like feeling depressed, and lack of interest in working. Due to stress, some people have developed some problems in concentrating on whatever duty they may be assigned whether in

Work or in social lives. Workplace stress impacts also affect other family members, and friends of the victim when some health problems develop like muscle tensions and serious headaches (Melanie 47). Stress has forced people to become antisocial in their social lives, and some decide to turn to alcohol and drugs as a way of solving their problems.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Stress Reduction at Work by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Most people who face stress in their workplaces have problems of underperforming as they perform their duties with fear and unsettled mind.In conclusion, every problem has a way of solving it. The problems and differences that cause stress in working place should be solved in advance before they cause stress to anybody in an organization.

The organization management team should have a way of handling various issues that are likely to cause some sort of stress. The employees as well should be quick and ready to report such severe cases that may later disturb their peace (Furnham 89).

For the unavoidable circumstances, any organization should establish the guiding and counseling team where the stressed workers should get help before their status goes to the extreme. It is the responsibilities of everyone in the organization starting from the management to the employees to help each other in avoiding and managing stress.

Works Cited Chappell, Duncan and Martino Vittorio. Violence at work. Oklahoma: International Labour Organization, 2006. Web.29 April 2011.

Furnham, Adrian. The psychology of behavior at work: The individual in the organization. London: Psychology Press, 2005. Web.29 April 2011.

Lynda, Macdonald. Wellness at work: Protecting and promoting employee health and wellbeing. New York: CIPD publishing, 2005. Web.29 April 2011.

Melanie, King. Surving Stress at Work: Understand it, Overcome it. New York: Trafford Publishing, 2006. Web.29 April 2011.

Stranks, Jeremy. Stress at work: Management and Prevention. New York: Butterworth Heinemann, 2005. Web.29 April 2011.


The Christian State – Views of Luther And Machiavelli Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Luther’s View

Machiavelli’s View


Works Cited

Introduction A state that does not embody true justice is normally viewed as incomplete and appears not to be a moral state. Philosophers argue that it is Christianity that molds people to become good citizens. Therefore, for a state of being morally upright, then it must uphold Christian values and for it to be regarded as a Christian state.

The State is viewed as an instrument of force; its roots are founded on the original sins, and the original sins and its outcomes can be regarded as an institution. However, a State which is just is out of the blame if only it’s a Christian state. A state could be considered preserved and perfectly established by assessing its foundations, the bond of its faith and strong concord.

More importantly when the correct and the highest true good, God, is appreciated and loved by everyone and people love each other because of His sake. Thus State could also become informed through higher principles that should be drawn from Christianity (Copleston 89). The paper explores two philosophers and their ideas regarding a good state being intertwined with Christianity.

Luther’s View Luther believed that state displayed God’s work and was involved in preserving, creating and reuniting Gods work. However, Luther also illustrated state as extremely sinful. Also, Luther alleged that State originates from human sociality; therefore, its part of humanity design of God’s creation. Concerning humanity, the state performs its proper role by reflecting the love and divine justice through its role in reconciliation and preservation.

The role of the state is to defend the citizens, particularly as they fight for impartiality and to preserve and create good physical conditions for the whole of humanity as God intended (Tannenbaum and Schultz 67). Luther claimed that a good State is one which its policies assist in establishing economic justice, integration, and an order that is partial and historical manifestations of justice and divine love.

On the other hand, State is regarded as evil if it executes and formulates policies founded on classism, racism, and militarism. State portrayed a kind of force for both good and evil. According to his theological approach, the state was not supposed to be an object whereby people fully rely on or base their loyalty.

However, supreme authority dwells only in God. Moreover, Luther supported democratic states because they respect and maintain human equality and human rights which are freely given by God. Luther also supported social democracies because they well mirrored and offered mutuality network, which God created among people.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result of his theology exposure, Luther never represented the state as the redeemer of humanity. Nevertheless, Luther suggested that the state was only a tool, which was limited in the plan of God for mankind salvation (Long 212).

Machiavelli’s View According to Machiavelli, it was not the moral rule of God which provided the state its final sanction. However, it was provided by power. The ultimate test of a successful ruler was based on the willingness to execute power judiciously and liberty from the restraint accompanied by moral suasion. A prince was not supposed to maintain the faith to please the citizens, while that was against his interest.

Machiavelli justifies those concepts by arguing that in case everyone was good then that principle would be incorrect. However, since people were bad and did not observe the faith as one, this one was not bound to maintain his/her faith together with them. Machiavelli regards the role of Christianity in the field of politics as a disaster, which ruins the authority of the state to rule (Tannenbaum and Schultz 121).

Therefore, his work emphasizes that the state should restrict the authority of the church, permitting it to execute its power in the spiritual realm only. The prince as the leader of the state should realize that the way to achieve in governing is through exercising the power. Hence power was to be employed with wisdom and heartlessness. According to him, the prince should be sly just like the fox and brutal like the lion.

Most importantly, the prince should not be prevented from performing his role by any deliberation related to morality above that of the authority. That means hypocrisy was permissible, judicious brutality consolidated power and decreased revolution.

Conclusion In conclusion, the views of these two philosophers were contrasting. Luther argues that a good state is where citizens recognize God as the supreme source of power who should be obeyed and respected. A good State protects its citizens and encourages reconciliation. Moreover, the policies of that state focus on maintaining partiality encourage economic justice and divine love.

Luther claims that bad state executes policies which encourage racism, injustice and militarism. On the other hand, Machiavelli argues that the state is governed through the prince power but not the moral law. Therefore, the prince should exercise power to ensure the state is successful.

We will write a custom Essay on The Christian State – Views of Luther And Machiavelli specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The prince must be ruthless and rule with wisdom so that the laws are implemented. Also, the church should only be involved in spiritual matters but never or restricted to state affairs. From the two philosophers discussed, Luther seems to be the closest because his work recognizes thesupremacy of God, unlike Machiavelli who disregards God’s majesty.

Works Cited Copleston, Frederick, C. History of Philosophy Volume2: Medieval Philosophy. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2003.

Long, Michael, G. Against us, but for us: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the state. Macon: Mercer University Press, 2002

Tannenbaum, Donald and Schultz, David. Investors of ideas: an introduction of western political philosophy. Tandem Library: New York, 2003


H essay help free: essay help free

What Macro-Environmental pressures are identified in case? The first macroeconomics parameter identified in the case is a slowing global economy; consumers spending on clothing have reduced. The clothing and apparels industry is driven by changes in consumers’ preferences and fashion. Fashion and changes in consumers’ preferences are macroeconomic parameters portrayed in the case.



“Man’s Search for Meaning” by Victor Frankl Essay essay help online free

Victor Frankl raised many questions in his renowned book “Man’s Search for Meaning.” One of the brightest of his conclusions is that there are only two races in the world. Thus, Frankl claimed, “there are two races of men in this world, but only these two – the “race” of the decent man and the “race” of the indecent man” (Frankl 108).

The experience the writer gained in the concentration camp made him understand that there could be villains among prisoners, and good people among guards, Nazi. For instance, Frankl claims that irrespective of inhumane conditions and constant psychological pressing under which inmates should have lived, many prisoners still were supportive for their closest friends and often risked their lives for the sake of these close people.

For these people, the life in the concentration camp was “an unrelenting struggle for daily bread and for life itself, for one’s own sake or for that of a good friend” (Frankl 22). However, there were prisoners who were called Capos. These people pertained to the other “indecent” race since they “were harder on the prisoners than were the guards” (Frankl 22).

On the contrary, there were guards who revealed compassion and should be regarded as “decent.” Frankl saw people’s behavior in extreme situations which usually reveal the real nature of every individual. In conclusion, it is necessary to point out that Victor Frankl answered one of the most disputable questions concerning races.

Admittedly, there is no difference between people of different races, but the difference in their values, beliefs, and deeds. Thus, there are only two races, and it is a choice of every individual to become a part of one of these races.

Victor Frankl wrote in his book: “Our answer must consist not in talk and meditation, but right action and right conduct” (98). I think this is the sentence which contains the answer to the eternal question concerning the meaning of a human’s life. Admittedly, this quote should become a motto of everyone’s life.

I think people are too concerned with asking questions. Many people long to find the meaning of life, but do not see a simple truth. The meaning of life is life itself. One should live and help other people to live. This is the major destination of every individual. Frankl depicts people who lived in horrible conditions.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Those people were not meditating; they were trying to survive. In this extreme situation, Frankl comes to a simple but vital conclusion. People should not wait for something bigger, some supreme predestination to fulfill. People should live, and cherish every moment of their life.

I should admit that I was also trying to find the meaning of life. I spent hours wondering what people are living. However, after I have read the book, I understood the main thing. I not only know what the meaning of life is, but I know what it means the “right action.” It is necessary to live and support people you love and people who love you. This is the supreme predestination which is beyond many people’s reach.

In conclusion, I would like to stress that Victor Frankl revealed the most important truth. He made people understand why they live, or why they should live no matter what. This simple truth will help me to live properly, of that I am sure.

Works Cited Frankl, Viktor E. Man’s Search For Meaning. New York, NY: Pocket Books, 1997.


Improving Organization Retention Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

The case study highlights employee retention as a problem to an organization and the primary causes of the problem as well as its effects on the organization. As a consultant, I can identify several issues in this case that are related to organization retention. First, the major issue is employee recruitment and retention.

Secondly, there is mass job dissatisfaction from the dealers and sweepers, and lastly, there is an element of negative change in employee behavior due to job dissatisfaction. There are many instances in the case study that show the problems that define employee retention in this organization. From the case, it is evident that despite the casino owner paying his dealers more pay than other casinos give, many of the dealers have left to join the other casinos.

Most of the housekeepers are said to be absent creating a crisis in the organization: Accounting, payroll and other departments have enlisted assistance of permanent employees in periodical clean up of rooms. The director of housekeeping, Andrew Keehn also admits that there is a problem with employee retention by admitting that it is so difficult to find good employees.

Further, the case reveals that the owner of the casino himself knows that there is a problem with retention of dealers. The solution I would give to the owner of the casino would be based on two theories of employee motivation. These are the Maslow theory of needs and Herzberg theory. According to Maslow theory, employee motivation comes only if the employers meet the needs of their employees according to their relative importance.

The primary needs that call for attention are physiological needs, which include hunger and thirst. Following the physiological needs are the safety needs that are concerned with the security and protection of the employee when at his working place (Smith, 1999, p. 120). After the safety needs in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, are the social needs that evoke a sense of belonging to a certain group or being loved.

Above the social needs are the self-esteem and self-actualization needs respectively. Self-esteem and self-actualization needs are concerned with individual recognition of his/her status and pride in their achievements. Considering the case in JC’s casino, the organization has only satisfied the employee’s physiological needs but neglected their safety needs.

Their opinion about their pit boss, Joe, reveals this. The employers describe the character of Joe as being toxic, overbearing, evil and uncompetitive. Moreover, Joe is the casino owner’s stepson, and as a result, he has great influence in the casino, and it would be so difficult reporting him to the owner because he would perhaps take insignificant action if any. This situation makes the workers feel very unsafe.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is evident that regardless of better pay than their colleagues in other casinos, the dealers prefer going to those casinos at lower pay. The reason behind this rare behavior rests on the fact that, although good pay is also a need, “it is high up the hierarchy of needs and satisfying it without satisfying lower needs like safety needs would serve as a barrier to employee motivation” (Legge, 2010, p.112).

I would, therefore, recommend to the casino’s owner to consider his employees’ safety before other needs like good pay. He should do this by persuading Joe to change his character, transferring him to a section where he would not associate a lot with many employees, or even demoting him. The result would be a better-satisfied employee pool with high motivation.

As a result, more employees would be retained, hence cutting down the cost of employee turnover. The other recommendation that I would give to JC’s casino owner borrows from Herzberg’s theory of motivation. In my recommendation, I would advise the owner to make use of employee empowerment as a motivator to the leaving employees.

According to Herzberg, “employee empowerment means giving the employees more power to make decisions of their own on issues concerning their areas of work without being answerable to anybody” (Barrick,


Self-assessment of Leadership Essay essay help

Introduction Throughout their existence, organizations and businesses are considerably pressured to raise their levels of performance and productivity. This is especially so in the modern day business environment which is characterized by aggression and excessive competition.

Businesses are therefore constantly forced to exhibit innovation, enhanced performance, and unquestionable managerial skills to remain relevant and profitable in the ever increasingly competitive arena.

To a butcher, the organizational goals of increased productivity, the input of both the individual and groups in the organization remains invaluable.

However, for these inputs to make an optimal impact, there must be strong leadership to steer the individual and group effort in the right direction.

This being the case, the development of leadership traits and skills is indeed necessary for the survival and continued success of an organization. In this paper, I shall analyze my leadership style to highlight its inherent strengths and weaknesses.

Using relevant literature, I shall highlight the concepts that make for a great leader. To this end, an analysis of my leadership style shall be provided. The qualities that afford me the chance to become a better leader shall at the end be discussed.

Leadership: a brief overview Leadership most often refers to a process through which one person uses the help and support of others towards achieving a particular goal or task (Northouse, 2007). There are several core attributes that make for a good leader.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They include being a knowledgeable professional in the field of expertise, having a proven track record of achieving set goals and objectives and the ability to motivate and delegate effectively.

Leaders also ought to be able to cultivate and identify talent and exhibit sound judgment even under pressure.

Elements of Leadership As has been suggested, leadership is an ongoing process that requires an individual to exhibit specific traits.

However, exemplary leadership is based on trust. If a leader proves to be trustworthy, the people around him/her are bound to respect him/her, as well as the decisions that he/she makes (Clark, 2010). There are some attributes that constitute leadership. They include but are not limited to:

Be, Know, Do

This element focuses on the leader’s traits as exhibited in his/her leadership style. A leader should act professionally and have good character. Also, leaders should know themselves, their jobs, their organization, human nature, and most important of all; factors of leadership.

On the same note, leaders are expected to provide directions (communicate the organization’s goals objectives and visions), implement various strategies and motivate their employees.


Environment refers to the physical surrounding from which the organization carries out its day-to-day activities. Understanding the work environment is very important because it significantly dictates how a leader reacts to challenges and opportunities (Clark, 2010).

We will write a custom Essay on Self-assessment of Leadership specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Leaders affect the work environment through the goals they set in regards to performance, the values they instill such as the concern for employees, clients, investors, and other business associates wellbeing.

The concepts refer to the business/people interactions, regarding the products and production methodologies and processes used in conducting business.

Roles and relationships

This is arguably the most important element of leadership. The success or subsequent failure of an organization is determined by how well a leader communicates the roles of the employees and governs the internal and external relationships the business has with various stakeholders.

Roles refer to the tasks and responsibilities that each employee has to fulfill to achieve the set goals and objectives (Clark, 2010). Relationships, therefore, depend on the roles assigned to the employees. Some roles can be handled individually while others may require teamwork.


Culture refers to the instituted routines, rituals and modes of operation that have been developed as a result of leadership transitions, crises, challenges, and opportunities. In summary, culture refers to how an organization carries out its activities.


Climate refers to the mood of the organization. It mostly reflects on the shared perceptions and attitudes that the employees have towards the organization. The climate of the organization is deeply rooted in an employee’s belief regarding the management of the organization.

NB: culture and climate greatly influence the motivation and job satisfaction exhibited by employees. This is because they evaluate and reflect on the effectiveness of the leader as well as the efficiency of the implemented strategies.

Self-assessment survey: Personal reflection A survey is an important tool in identifying an individual’s potential in becoming a leader. Taking the survey was an insightful experience for me. I managed to learn the different factors that are often considered in selecting leaders in an organizational/work setting.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Self-assessment of Leadership by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The questions posed in the survey were very applicable to my own experiences. Not only do they focus on the major traits required by leaders, but it also covers the common mistakes that leaders often make. As such, the questions revealed that leadership is never easy.

Also, the questions indicate that leadership can only be successful if the leader solicits the help of others to get things done. Regarding organizations, the survey portrays an organization as an entity that relies on the harmonious relationship between management and employees for its survival.

Personal Strengths After taking the survey, I realized that I have a great desire for becoming a leader.

This is mainly because; I am most equipped and proficient in delegating work to others, communicating visions, goals, and objectives, I am diplomatic and understand my roles and duties regarding conflict resolution and interpretation of organizational rules and regulations.

Personal opportunities for growth My main weakness was that I am not a team player. As such, I could not ask for advice or communicate with others on a personal level. However, this main weakness could be my greatest strength. As Northouse (2007) reiterates, leaders are not born but made.

As such, I can learn the skills required to make me a great team player. In so doing, I will have increased my chances of becoming an exemplary leader, thereby realizing a significant development and growth in my leadership style and traits.

Potential synergy in my leadership style and traits As I have realized from the survey I took, I have some strengths as well as weaknesses that affect my leadership quality. I acknowledge the fact that my pitfalls may in the future act as hindrances to my leadership ambitions.

As such, I plan to use my strengths to solicit help from others regarding confronting my weaknesses. It is only through interactions that I may learn to overcome these weaknesses and become a great and admirable leader.

At the same time, the same process will be used to share my strengths thereby ensuring that the people I interact and work with do their jobs efficiently and effectively.

Conclusion This report set out to perform a details analysis of my leadership style. To this end, the strengths and weaknesses that are inherent in my style have been documented. The synergies that can come about from my strengths and weaknesses have also been highlighted.

This paper has demonstrated that by knowing my leadership style and that of my team members, the productivity of our organization can be increased since we can maximize on the benefits and minimize the pitfalls that are there.

References Clark, D. (2010). Concepts of Leadership. Web.

Northouse, G. (2007). Leadership theory and practice. (3rd ed). London: Sage Publications, Inc.


Protestant Reformation Essay essay help free

Protestant Reformation The protestant reformation was a movement which involved reformations of Christianity which started in Europe. Among the individual reformers was Martin Luther who was the leader of the movement.

The reformation was started because many people were not satisfied by the Catholic Church doctrines as it was regarded as corrupt in its dealings.

Reformations required included a change in the language used in writing the bible since many people were unable to read Latin which was the only available version of the bible during that time.

According to the reformists, the Catholic Church was not fair since its accessibility was only to the rich people while it excluded the poor. The main idea in protestant reformations was to bring equality in the church where everyone would have easy access to the church.

One of the most important tenets of the protestant reformers was the belief in children baptism which they believed it was some kind of a sacrament. They believed that through baptism the original sin would be washed away in the newborns.

Another main belief by the protestant reformers was that all individuals need to communicate to God directly and as a result, a proper education was required to facilitate the prayers.

Christian parents were required to bring up their children in the best ways possible to nurture them both in their spiritual and physical growth in accordance to the teachings of the protestant faith to enable them to serve God appropriately.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In return, the children en were required to respect their parents in every aspect of their lives (Wilde 1).

Besides diving Europe into Catholic and protestant Christians, the reformations also affected the social lives of the Europeans. The reformed churches had new practices that were different from those of the Catholic Christians, and this resulted in major changes in the church.

Certain ceremonies that demonstrated customary practices such as baptism and sacraments were abolished by the reformed churches, and this affected the lives of the people because the initial rituals used to shape the social lives of the Europeans.

Despite the church being a religious place, it also had some political powers which facilitated alliances in politics. Certain protestant states emerged, and they used the properties they had grabbed from the other churches to gain authority over the protestant clergy (Wilde 1).

The Thirty Year’s War and its significance The major cause of the thirty-year war which occurred in Europe was the opposition of Habsburgs by several international opposition members from Australia. However, part of the war resulted from the differences in religious beliefs especially between the Catholics and the Lutherans.

Conflicts in the military equally resulted in the war with the Calvinism forces opposing the Counter-Reformation process. The most felt effect of the thirty-year war was the division and rearrangement of the European powers.

Permanent boundaries for territories in Europe were established with each nation having its form of governance both politically and religiously. However, the war was advantageous in that it caused the end of the religious war that had lasted long in Europe.

We will write a custom Essay on Protestant Reformation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The war also resulted in the extension of war by the Europeans to overseas nations. The end of mercenaries also ended as a result of this war (McDonald, Michael 1).

Scientific revolution One of the major causes of the scientific revolution was the expansion of trade where many traders traveled through the water to different continents for trading purposes.

However, these modes of transport were not efficient, and this prompted researchers to find possible solutions to the problem. Leaders of middle-class universities at the time raised the interest and the need to bring scientific revolution into the light.

The scientific revolution was promoted by the period of renaissance where great leaders inspired people towards the revolution.

The church did not oppose much of the scientific revolutions especially the advancements in communication strategies because they thought of it as a means of spreading the word of God.

However, some fields such as related to nuclear weapons technology were later opposed by the church, and this caused the church to lose its trust in science as a whole (Hunt 1).

Rise and decline of the Spanish empire In around 1590s when Spain was ruled by Carlos I, Spain obtained several American territories to add on those that were obtained by Fernando who had ruled before Carlos I. Most of the lands in central Europe were also obtained by Spain.

As a result of this as well as Carlos’ good leadership and strong Catholic faith, he was able to succeed in surpassing many of Spain’s neighbors in overseas ventures.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Protestant Reformation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, the fall of the empire began with the death of Carlos I leaving the throne to his son during the time which there was no adequate trade for development purposes.

The situation got worse when Felipe spend the empire’s finances on costly personal needs after which he was succeeded by unsuccessful leaders (Lemieux 1).

Enlightened Emperors Enlightened emperors were the heroes especially who told stories, and they were identified with their ability to unite people and bring peace in the society. This was the reason behind their high recognition in their societies.

For one to be recognized as an enlightened emperor, he was required to be unable to die such that if one dies, then he does not become the hero (the enlightened emperor) but the living would.

The existence of the enlightened emperor came into being with the invention of the pyramids something that happened worldwide.

They were identified with their ability to bring happiness and peace between the people by doing all they could to stop evil deeds from happening such as killing human beings or stealing what is not theirs. They were supposed to guide the world into righteousness by acting as the earthly gods (“Emperors”).

Absolutism During the late 1600s, the systems of governance in France started changing as the Europeans gave up their fight for unity since the support they had from the church had been lost due to the church reformations.

As a result, many leaders drew themselves far from the church as modernization increased. Finally, the state became an absolute monarchy with all its authority lying on the king under whom the state was run.

The authority in power demanded that the state must be recognized and respected by all institutions including the church. The sovereignty of power was extended within the borders of France making it the leading power in the whole of Europe (Jones 1).

English civil war The major cause of the English civil war was King James who believed that a king had divine rights and no one could oppose him or any decisions that he made. He, therefore, used his powers as the king to control the parliament from where he obtained financial assistance from.

Angered by the king’s relations and behavior towards them, the parliament members restricted income collection by the king something which made James suspend the parliament for almost ten years.

He then runs the nation by himself with some assistance from his friends and this caused conflict between him and the parliament until the time of his death.

Another cause of the war was his son’s marriage to a Catholic wife, and since the nation was protestant, many feared that he would change it to Catholic. The son also used the nation’s finances for his family on leisure activities or for buying weapons for himself.

After the death of Oliver Cromwell, an absolute dictator, English was never reluctant in welcoming monarchy leadership again.

Since James son, Charles I had been an heir of the throne, they assumed that his son, Charles II, had the legitimate rights of a king and he would be the one fit to take over power since many people would not oppose his power as they would if a leader was to be chosen by the parliament.

The decision to return monarchy leadership to Charles II was used to prevent further internal wars (“The Causes of the English Civil War”).

Enlightenment thinkers on US formation The enlightenment great thinkers who influenced the formation of the United States are Thomas Hobbs who influenced the attainment of equal civil rights to all citizens.

John Locke who brought the idea of the government being the citizen’s creation something which gave the people the right to change the government if not satisfied with its rule. His ideas were also the reason behind the American Revolution.

A French philosopher, Voltaire, brought the idea of the possible change in the social lives of the people and reformations on governance.

Another French thinker, Montesquieu, came up with the idea of different laws for the people arguing that no single set of laws should be functional all the time.

He talked about a better government which would exclude the monarchy form of governance. He had a strong belief that separation of power would bring about effective governance to the benefit of the people.

From his ideas, the constitution came into being. Jean Jacques Rousseau was another great thinker on political issues who argued that the people should decide on the governance rule according to their will.

The people should be allowed to choose another government if the previous one fails to rule as expected by the citizens.

The influence on US formation occurred because people needed knowledge and advancements in various fields such as science. The people also had needed to understand the rights of rulers to enable them to change from their old ways of thinking (Hammond 1).

The economic system of Mercantilism Mercantilism was an economic system in Europe which emphasized on the maximization of exports as the importation of good was restricted as much as possible.

The main objective of these efforts was to increase the wealth of Europe as well as maintaining a balanced trade between Europe and other nations.

To effect these efforts, Europe’s government made sure that domestic goods were free of foreign competition by imposing economic policies putting more importance on quotas and tariffs.

The inventors of the system speculated that it would increase employment opportunities for the nation’s citizens as well as the supply of the world’s valuable goods, gold, and silver (Hall 1).

Works Cited “Emperors.” Thinkers network. 2010 – February 13, 2011,

Hall, Shane. “What is the economic system of mercantilism”. 2010 – February 13, 2011,

Hammond, Majen. “The Enlightenment and the Founding of America”. 2009 – February 13, 2011,

Enlightenment from mhammond Hunt, Olivia. “Causes of Scientific Revolution”. 2007 – February 13, 2011,

Jones, Tyler. “Absolutism in the Seventeenth Century”. 1990 – February 13, 2011, Lemieux, Simon.

Lemieux, Simon. “The Decline of Spain in the 17th Century”. 2010 – February 13, 2011, “The Decline of Spain in the 17th century”. 2010 – February 12, 2011,;jsessionid=62C2BE3908CAD89D0A781915B515C100.inst2_3a?docId=5002100259

McDonald, Michael. “Europe – The Thirty Years’ War”. 1999 – February 13, 2011,

“The Causes of the English Civil War”. History Learning Site. 2000 – February 13, 2011,

Wilde, Robert. “Reformation 101”. 2011 – February 13, 2011,


Abnormal Psychology’s Historical Perspectives Essay essay help online: essay help online

Introduction Biological psychology is a field that has provided insight into the behaviors of individuals in response to particular circumstances.

Biopsychology forms an important basis for psychic therapy in the modern world. This paper explores the prime element of this branch of science and how they relate to psychiatry.

Definition Biological psychology is a branch of psychology that tries to expose the biological aspect of behavior, i.e., the study of the brain I,n relation to the behavior (Wickens, 2005).

History The ancient Greeks were the first people to appreciate the brain as the foundation for the mind. For example, Plato (429-348 BC) was the first to suggest the brain as the organ for reasoning.

However, another early scientist including Aristotle believed that the heart performed this function while the brain acts as an organ for cooling the blood.

In ancient times, the human body was venerated, and autopsies were prohibited so that the pioneering study of the human brain was before the time of Leonardo da Vinci (Wickens, 2005).

Major theorists in biological psychology Descartes (1596-1650)

Descartes proposed the pineal gland as the place for interaction between the mind and the body; it is the only single structure of the brain corresponding to his concept of the soul.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He also remembered for the development of the concept of automatic reflex, which happens for instance when a limb is rapidly drawn away from fire.

To affirm this response, Descartes hypothesized that a sensory fiber is composed of a tube containing a spirit to convey the message of heat to the ventricles, which then sends the animal spirit to flow to the muscle of the relevant muscle to trigger its withdrawal.

Noteworthy is the fact that the mind was not involved in such event, reflexive, and thus not a cause of behavior (Wickens, 2005).

Another proposal by this scientist sparked a big controversy among the then ancient scientist. He hypothesized that functions like respiration, digestion, memory, impressions, and emotions are reflexive.

He supported these ideas with animals which did not seem posses spirit but are capable of having sensory activity, emotions and memories.

Thus, these behaviors could be dependent on the physical phenomenon, except pure thought and reasoning which according to him was the function of the soul and unique to humans, parallel to the religious views of that time (Wickens, 2005).

Luigi Galvani

Experimental findings in 1971 by an Italian scientist, Galvani was substantial enough to dismiss Descartes theories of the animal spirit. Galvani discovered that he could cause the leg of the frog to twitch, in a different manner.

We will write a custom Essay on Abnormal Psychology’s Historical Perspectives specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This led to the conclusion that nerves are capable of conveying electricity and the animal spirit must have electric nature.

Following the invention of the voltmeter, electric activity was indeed observed, and this lead to the dismissal of hydraulic theories and a different approach of study (Wickens, 2005).

Franz Gall (1758–1828)

Gall is famous for founding phrenology that is a conception that attributes a person’s behavior to the surface and shape of the head. He proposed that a person’s character could be determined by examining the shape and surface of his/her skull.

His interest led to various discoveries by 1792 of regions of the brain he associated with the various faculties of the brain, like the faculty of murder and the inclination to steal (Wickens, 2005).

Galls’ hypothesis was strongly opposed because his categorization of psychological elements like faith, veneration, and self-love was impossible to measure. However, phrenology popularized in the 19th century and numerous phrenological societies were established.

Most importantly, social reformist speculates that phrenology could be employed to rehabilitate criminals or determine the best Member of Parliament (Wickens, 2005).

Relationship between biological psychology and another field of psychology Biological psychology is a synonym to biopsychology, behavioral neuroscience, and psychobiology (Breedlove et. Al., 2007). Although physiological psychology is a term which some scientist prefer to regard it as a sub-discipline of biological psychology, it can be used to signify biological psychology.

Theoretical models First, medical and biological models are essentially a physical perspective of abnormal psychology.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Abnormal Psychology’s Historical Perspectives by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Thus, various efforts to elucidate abnormal psychology in basically material aspects have been made, so that ordinary persons can understand this phenomenon. Masterpasqua (2009) establishes that an abnormality such as anxiety is highly connected with the certain blueprint of DNA.

Second, the socio-cultural model identifies the circumstances within which abnormal actions are perceived “…focuses on the influence of large social and cultural forces on individual functioning” (Damourv


Democracy in the Philippines Essay a level english language essay help

Table of Contents Abstract

Democracy in the Philippines Setting

Travel and Tourism Scenario

Organizational Policy


Public policies

Problems in policy implementation

The policy of our organization


Abstract The two questions to be answered and to form the main topic of discussion for this paper deal with democracy and the forms of government in a democratic society.

Chosen for an interesting topic of discussion is the country in the Philippines, as compared to the United States and its form of government.

The Philippines is chosen because of its unique background, the country having experienced two colonizers, one of which is the United States. The presidential form of government is a legacy of the American colonizers, while the Spaniards introduced Christianity.

Up to the present dispensation, the Philippines is a democratic society with a presidential form of government.

Over the years, there were attempts to change this form of government to parliamentary, but since the Filipinos have become accustomed to it, they have made their intention to oppose any move to change the status quo.

The second question is about a scenario which touches on Philippine tourism. The unique Philippines setting, with backdrops of heritage sites, unique architecture, beautiful scenic spots and islands the likes of the Caribbean, makes our scenario another interesting point of discussion.

Democracy in the Philippines Setting A country whose people cherish democracy like the United States and Great Britain is the Republic of the Philippines. Filipinos are champions of democracy.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They introduced the term people power in the dictionary as a peaceful revolution when in 1986 they marched in the streets and opposed the guns and tanks of Marcos with their rosaries and flowers as peace offerings. Hours after that, Marcos fled to Hawaii.

The Philippines has a presidential form of government copied from the U.S. model. The branches of government, the bureaucracies and institutions are all U.S. made.

Democratic elections are being held for the president down to the barangay captain who is the head of a barangay, the smallest political unit.

But the democracy the Filipinos now cherish is the result of the sacrifices of heroes who fought in the battlefields of Bataan and Corregidor and the so-called ‘death march’ during World War II. (Canlas, 1999, p. 63)

In a presidential form of government, the people elect the president and vice president, and members of Congress. There are differences however in the manner of elections and the election of the higher and lower positions in government.

The Philippines is a multi-party system while the United States is a two-party system. The two parties are the Republican (GOP) and Democratic parties.

The executive branch in Washington is controlled by the party in power while in the Philippines the president can appoint cabinet secretaries who do not belong to their political party (Fernandez, 2007, p. 169).

We will write a custom Essay on Democracy in the Philippines specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More More changes came in the style of governance in Washington, like instituting checks and balances within the executive branch itself. (Waldman, 1976, p. 260)

There are attempts to change the form of government from presidential to a parliamentary form of government, and this is through charter change.

But the people and the political leadership, along with the strong political opposition, are still not decided and there is a growing debate over this matter. I believe the Filipino is not ready yet for a parliamentary form of government.

Travel and Tourism Scenario Travel is an important human activity which affects our understanding of the world and our existence.

It is for this reason that we want to see and witness only the beautiful and pleasant things in the places we go, although there are people who want to see the bizarre and the unexpected.

In other countries, there are communities, human activities, wonderful things, or phenomena that we would like to personally see with our own eyes.

We want to record, write them down and video-tape them for posterity sake. Others consider them as part of their legacy to their children and grandchildren.

An outcome of travel is tourism, or shall we say, travel is a product of tourism. These two have become quite reciprocal, but I can consider it as synonymous.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Democracy in the Philippines by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Our organization considers travel and tourism as one. And our organizational policy must coincide with the policy of the country we conduct business with or guide travelers and tourists for the places they want to see and come in contact with.

We look at the Philippines in Asia with special attention because of its potential as a tourism destination which remains untapped for various reasons we would like to discuss here.

How the people and the government reacted to changes in the course of the country’s existence is an interesting point for discussion, considering that the political upheavals of this particular country influenced tourism policies.

The scenario created in those upheavals and history formed into what the country is today.

The Philippines is a developing country although in some respect it has been observed as more developed than some countries in the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Politics and the quest of a few greedy politicians for power have put it in a stagnant position, perhaps deteriorating during the time of Marcos, who ruled with impunity and countless human rights violation. (Beirman, 2003, p. 254)

Organizational Policy Our organizational policy we introduced in the Philippines is the same as the policies we introduced on other countries, i.e., we wanted to be a part in promoting tourism in the country by promoting the various tourist and scenic spots, heritage sites, the culture of the people, and other places of human-interest.

We have been in this business for some time now, and we know how to promote our business by promoting others.

Networking is part of our activities. We have always consulted government agencies in our promotional campaigns. Thus, we took some time contacting the tourism offices of the Philippines of which they were also happy to help and partner with us regarding our organizational policy.

We explained that promoting tourism in the Philippines is part of our agenda as a travel agency. Regular consultations have been conducted ever since. We have offices and people in the field, and quite a number of these are in the islands and beautiful places in the country.

We looked forward to promoting the entire archipelago of thousands of islands, the scenic spots, the baroque churches and unique architecture imported from Spain, Greece, and other European countries.

We also noted the uniqueness of the people, the different tribes and ethnic groups, and a ‘new’ race, which can be said as a blending of the east and the west.

Some of its women are holders of international beauty titles, and the workforce is composed of professionals and extraordinary artisans who have gone to different parts of the world to introduce their skills, talents, and professionalism.

To indulge in the Philippines and its people is a unique experience for us as a business organization and as career travel agents whose clients are the peoples of the world.

We consider ourselves and our organization as global, but we know we always want to ‘localize’ our operations to be successful in our business.

With these unique tourism attractions, we also outlined our policies for the country. Promotion and advertising are a part of our policy, but first, we also made it clear with the government agencies we have dealt with, that our organization also have to promote our travel agency.

The activity is reciprocal – we would promote the country, and they can help us by endorsing our agency. That said, we also enumerated objects which were really of interest to our country of destination, the Philippines.

Background Tourism is one of the major dollar earners of most countries in the world. It is also one of the largest industries in the world when it comes to output, investment, and employment.

Tourism cannot be talked about without mentioning other subjects involving contemporary culture which is influenced by globalization, multiculturalism, transnationalism, and so forth. (Ness, 2003, p. 3)

Tourism is a mix of cultural, economic and political factors (Burns and Novelli, 2007, p. 1), but there is now a renewed focus on it with the emergence of what is called international tourism (Huybers, 2007, p. 5).

The Philippines is an archipelago of thousands of islands, inhabited by many ethnic tribes and people who have experienced colonization from the Spaniards down to the Americans. Filipinos, young and old, know their heritage.

There are ethnic tribes in the mountains, but for those who have settled in the cities and suburban areas, they look like quite similar with their foreign ancestors – different colors of skin like white and brown but fair skin, blue and black eyes, and women with unique beauty, said to be of world class.

Because of the country’s historical background, it has formed its own unique culture but a government based on its experience with two colonizers.

The Spaniards were responsible for the Christianization of the Philippines while the Americans introduced democracy and the presidential form of government. (Schirmer


“The Swimmer” by John Cheever Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

The Swimmer is one of the short stories written by John Cheever, where the ideas presented at the beginning reasonably kicks off, but they happen to turn into total surrealism.

One of the main character who is presented as Ned happened to have been lounging more on his friends’ swimming pool where he unusually thought for the first time concerning the existence of other swimming pools present on his way towards his home.

There is a whimsical start of Ned’s way of swimming towards twilight season full of unrealities. In “The Swimmer” the reality paves the way towards surreal through the use of foreshadowing where there is a creation of the antagonistic world faced by Ned in every new swim.

To begin with, the author presents Ned as one of the noble people especially when he was graciously welcomed by Mrs. Graham by the fact that she had tried to reach him on the phone with no avail (Kennedy and Gioia 235).

He had decided to take the unconventional route towards his home through swimming instead of taking a drive where he receives boundless support. He is also stopped by other pool owners like the Mrs. Hammer of which at this point the author does not directly present the delusion faced by Ned.

At the fifth swimming pool, things start to unfold themselves on a-miss aspects. Ned’s wife had earlier called on behalf of him on the regrets of his unavailability to the party which he had been invited where he suddenly appeared.

Everything seemed to take a normal shape, but one wonders why she had to do that without his knowledge where the twilight of surreal is illustrated

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Out from the party, a sudden storm breaks where the author presents second surrealism when Ned takes his cover while observing the storm at Levy’s gazebo. The author presents a pass of time where out of the storm, leaves happened to be scattered.

There is a leap which takes place from realism into surreal because it was just within a short time there happened to have a move from the midsummer into winter.

When Ned was finally home, he found that the storm had destroyed everything as his entire house had crumbled and empty meaning, there was nothing inside. By the fact that Ned had decided to go through swimming until he reaches home, he, therefore, enters into another swimming pool.

This swimming pool is much different from the others because it is dry as his house was crumbled by being on sale and empty as all had been packed and placed under a cover.

One of the most interesting parts which I like is about how the entire story is structured. Even though there are many swimming pools, each of them is presented differently in their description thus illustrating the lyrical meticulousness used.

In the literal understanding, it seems that the route that Ned took was just a matter of hours while it is quite a long time. Cheever succeeded in this by not mentioning the exact time of different episodes in the swimming pools.

He, therefore, uses the confusion of time to deliver his long story short. In the story, Cheever would at different instances give one a clue on the duration of time, in that it was not just hours but a symbolic representation of time.

We will write a custom Essay on “The Swimmer” by John Cheever specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance when Ned is informed that there was no drink at Sachses as an operation which involved drinks had stopped in a period estimated to be three years, meaning he had stayed for at least three years since when he had visited the place.

In conclusion, the first presentation of realism paves the way towards surrealism through the foreshadowed “swim.” Ned’s entire house which was full was now empty and on sale.

At first, Ned had been welcomed graciously by Mrs. Graham, but the surreal happens when he is treated exceedingly rudely by the Biswangers since now his social status had automatically changed.

The last swim pool that Ned gets into is the pools of emptiness representing a twilight season of broke overnight (Kennedy and Gioia 241).

In the state of complete exhaustion after a long swim journey, Ned’s manners have been presented through a comedy way into a state of fantastical horrendous and pandemonium.

This was made possible through the representation of years and different seasons as though they were months where Ned is supposed to confront his unrealistic present state.

Work Cited Kennedy, X. J. and Dana Gioia. Literature: an introduction to fiction, poetry, and drama. London: Longman, 2005. Print.


Public Administration and Administrative Law Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Public administration is the process through which governments manage the public. The laws of the land define boundaries in which public administrators offer guidance, as well as the roles of the citizens in the decision making process. Administrative law provides codes of operation for both the public administrator and the citizens. It encourages transparency and openness in carrying out public administration.

The law provides fairness in decision making process, which guarantees equity in the society. Administrative law ensures that citizens are part of the decision making in every public administration process. Rather than focusing on the outcome of the decision, administrative law focuses on the process of making the decisions.

When it is conducted transparently on a state level including the opinions of the citizens, this is democratic decision making. Administrative law goes hand in hand with the values of democracy; therefore, most democratic nations use administrative laws to guide administrators on ways of handling the public.

The Ontario government in the year 2007 promised to increase the minimum wage incrementally for three years. However, in 2009, the Premier held a closed-door meeting with business executives where he stated that he would stop the increments before achieving the decided amount. The Premier did not follow the right channels of making a decision as stipulated in the administrative law.

For this reason, the idea of altering the wage increment promise raised many procedural fairness issues. The wage increment was a top priority issue during the election period. Leaders who took office promised to raise the minimum wage to about eleven dollars per hour in a period of three years.

The outcome of the decision was fair, but many people claim that the government did not consider their views in making such decision. A fair decision making process must include the views of the affected group, in this case – the employees. Besides, the decisions concerning such issues as minimum wages must not be made behind the closed doors.

In his statement, the Premier admitted that wage increment should be fair to both the employees and the employers. However, he only consulted the business leaders on the matter and did not seek the views of the workers. The law states that the administrators must offer the affected group, in this case these are the employees, a forum to express themselves before making a decision.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The wage increment was to protect the employees from malicious employers. For this reason, the views of the employees were supposed to become the basis for making any decision concerning wage increment. Since the employees were not given an opportunity to express themselves, the decision-making process can be viewed as undemocratic and non-transparent.

In a democratic nation, politicians cannot alter decisions or promises made to the public without consulting the affected group. Although the Premier alluded to economic struggles as his driving force, both the law and the principles of democracy prohibit such actions.

The Premier could have held meetings with different unions and shared his concerns about the economic stability of the nation. This way, both the public and the Premier could have come up with reasonable and agreeable ways to deal with the wage increment issue openly and fairly.

One might say that the approach the Premier employed was the most efficient way to solve the problem. According to the definition of efficiency, it is the way to achieve the desired result with minimal waste of effort and time . The Premier arranged the meeting with business leaders, and after a private discussion, the decision was made.

This certainly helped to save a lot of time and effort, since finding out the opinion of the workers would have included making ballots, voting and then processing of the votes. Besides, to vote properly, the employees would have to be provided with the information concerning the financial problems and the obstacles to the planned wage increment. All of these preparations and procedures are normally rather lengthy.

This way, instead of engaging the employees, the Premier involved the business leaders as the representatives of the public. It goes without saying that business leaders possess a lot of theoretical and practical expert knowledge and are able to analyze the situation they face professionally, which they did.

Yet, the reaction of the employees was logical, they were not informed about the financial issues, they were not a part of the decision making process, and their promised wage increment was suddenly taken away for unknown reasons. Of course, the public immediately blamed the leaders of being crooked liars.

We will write a custom Essay on Public Administration and Administrative Law specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a typical reaction, which happens every time and in every situation when certain benefits are first promised and then not provided to the public. In order to avoid misinterpretations and frustration in the masses, democratic laws require that the public is informed about the events in time.

In turn, the democratic government officials do not have the right to make decisions on behalf of the public without having a consultation with the public, assuming that the public is well aware of the problems and can provide a wise and sober opinion.

The inclusion of the public into the decision making process does not only help to avoid disorders in the masses and develop mutual trust between the leaders and the public, but also psychologically prepares the citizens for the upcoming changes and makes them less unexpected and shocking in cases when the anticipated outcomes are negative.

The procedural fairness, in this case, goes beyond administrative law. The process of decision-making in public administration has a significant impact on the political, social, and economic aspects of life in a society. For instance, the failure to involve the employees in a decision-making process would breed enmity between the employees and employers.

The employers and employees present two main segments of a society including the rich and the poor. The purpose of the wage increment program was to bridge the gap between these two groups through equity and fair remunerations. Altering those decisions in favor of one group would sour the relationship between the rich and the poor, and enhance social inequality in the society.

The concept of discrimination is the cornerstone of human rights law. In the studied case, the actions of the Premier and business leaders and the exclusion of the public from the discussion of an issue may be perceived as discrimination of the working class and increase the tension between the classes and social equality is detrimental to the economy in a society.

In conclusion, administrative law is an essential element of governance in democratic nations. Public administrators have a duty to honor the laws of the land, including administrative laws in making decisions that affect the lives of the citizens.

The constitution and courts enforce these laws to ensure that the government serves its people with justice. Other than directing the daily operations in a society, the law provides an ideal coexistence between the leaders and their subjects by ensuring respect for the authority.

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Customer Service Definition Essay college admissions essay help

Describe a customer service situation where both the customer and the service provider ended up winning.

Customer service is the provision of different services for customers to fulfill their need in some good and guarantee their satisfaction. However, not only the satisfaction of a customer should be achieved. There is an ideal situation in which both a customer and a service provider are happy. I experienced the situation of this sort. There was a misconception connected with the price of a good.

The price on the marking label was not the same as the price in the check. It was much higher. Having noticed it, I drew a shop assistants attention to this fact. She consulted with the price list and corrected the price. This situation is a good example of how both the customer and the service provider end up winning. I paid less, and the shop assistant corrected the mistake. It would help to avoid the same misconception in the future.

Describe a customer service situation where the customer won at the expense of the service provider.

However, there are situations when a customer wins at the expense of a service provider. The friend of mine addressed a building contractor in order to build a house. The house was built within timeframes and in accordance with a plan. However, it turned out that some serious problems appeared while living in this house. First of all, the majority of problems was connected with foozles made while building this house.

That is why my friend addressed the same company asking them to correct the situation. They refused to do it. Being sure in the building contractors fault, he went to law against them and won a case. The company had to rebuild his house and pay him money. It is the case when a service provider loses and bleeds cash. Such situations should be avoided as they destroy the image of service providers and promote mistrust between them and customers.

Describe a customer service situation where the customer lost at the expense of the service provider.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unfortunately, very often, there are situations when customers lose, and service providers win at the expense of them. There was such a situation in my own experience. I hired a bike in order to make a voyage. However, I had not noticed some damage done to it. At the end of the day, I came to give it back.

There was a traditional procedure of examination of the bike. This damage was noticed. I was not able to prove that it was not my fault as I did not draw the service suppliers attention to this fact in the morning, that is why I had to pay the fine off. Such situations are very disappointing, and they promote the decrease of demand for service.

Describe a customer service situation where the customer where both the customer and service provider ended up losing.

However, the worst is the situation when both a customer and a service provider end up losing. Unfortunately, they happen not so seldom. It is possible to support this statement with clear evidence. The customer ordered a sculpture from a company. The sculpture was made in time and delivered to the customer. However, it was not that type of sculpture the customer expected. Its look and some peculiarities did not satisfy him.

That is why the customer refused to pay. Being disappointed with this failure, the service provider refused to correct the sculpture or create a new one. This is the situation in which both sides lose. The customer did not get his needed order in time and the service provider spent his costs in vain. Such situations should be avoided as they do not promote the development of trade.


Medicine Issues: Dengue Fever in Central America Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents An overview of Dengue fever


Signs and symptoms



Treatment and prevention

Works Cited

Dengue fever is one of the most debilitating and painful diseases caused by a virus of genus Flavivirus. Reports from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) indicate that the illness is a major cause of death and is caused by mosquito bites.

Of particular importance in this paper is Central America where the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) observes that dengue fever as a major problem that is on the rise. This has caused the organization to declare it as an epidemiological threat. This paper takes a critical look at dengue fever, its medical, microbiological, social aspects, and measures of prevention.

An overview of Dengue fever Dengue fever is a major infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by bites from mosquito belonging to genus Flavivirus. Studies reveal that the virus has four serotypes namely DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3, and DENV 4. Each one of them is capable of providing this type of immunity for a long time.

Attwooll and Matthew point out that the Dengue fever virus (DENV) shares the same genus with other arthropod-borne virus such as the Omsk hemorrhagic virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus, West Nile virus and yellow fever virus (170). These protein molecules are the core components that make the virus particle.

Transmission Infected Aedes mosquito is the primary transmitter of Dengue virus. Transmission occurs through mosquito bites that happen mostly during the evenings and daytime. It is important to note that this virus can circulate in primates, but its primary host is a human being. Additionally, the virus can also be transmitted through organ donation, exchange of infected blood products and from mother to child.

CDC reports indicate that the transmission cycle of the virus begins from an infected human being who infects a mosquito that later infects another human being. In areas where non-human primates exist, the primates may act as virus reservoirs (par. 4).

Signs and symptoms The characteristic symptoms related to Dengue fever are associated with joint pains and muscles, rash, headache, nausea, mild bleeding, and sudden high fever. Attwooll and Matthew indicate that many people confuse these symptoms with those of other viral infections such as flu (278). They add that this is because several patients display asymptomatic symptoms in its incubation period before it turns severe. Serious conditions may result in dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Epidemiology Dengue fever has been a debilitating problem that has claimed many lives since the 18th century. In Central America, the fever thrives due to favorable climatic conditions. Reports indicate that over 868,650 dengue fever cases were reported in January 2013 in the Americas. About 364 people died while 8400 suffer from severe infections (World Health Organization par. 4). The World Health Organization estimates that this number has since January increased significantly from Honduras to Costa Rica with deaths reaching to 1100 people.

In Costa Rica, the fever has spread in recent months with over 12000 people have suffered from the infection by July 2013 (World Health Organization par. 4). This large increase in infection cases has compelled the authorities to declare health alert.

The WHO reports that the figure (12000) represents a four-fold increase in comparison to the number of infected persons in January 2012 (World Health Organization par. 4). It is imperative to point out that even with the increase, mortality rates caused by the fever has been between 1 and 5% in cases where treatment has not been given.

In Honduras, there has been a significant rise in infections related to Dengue fever. This has been occasioned by global warming, increased traveling to urban areas and population growth. Of particular concern is the rising number of deaths per year which has grown to approximately 10 people. The Honduras Health Ministry reports that there have been about 1440 diagnosed cases of severe dengue fever with over 8000 suspected cases since January 2013 (World Health Organization par. 6).

Nicaragua has been the worst hit area with over 70% increase in Dengue fever (World Health Organization par. 4). Reports indicate that the infection in this area has been worsened by climatic changes, and infection by individuals traveling back from endemic areas. Besides dengue fever, the presence of diseases such as leptospirosis and influenza has increased mortality rates. So far, three deaths have been reported from 1300 diagnosed people (World Health Organization par. 4).

Diagnosis In endemic areas, physical examination and symptoms of dengue fever are clinically diagnosed. While this may not be effective due to the problem of differentiating the fever with symptoms of other viral infections, doctors look out for warning signs, positive tourniquet test, generalized pains, vomiting and low white blood count in a probable diagnosis. Some of the warning signs that are looked at include serosal effusions, restlessness or lethargy, mucosal bleeding, ongoing vomiting, and worsening abdominal pains.

Besides, antibodies and viruses can be checked by conducting microbiological blood tests in a laboratory as well as evaluating the dengue fever-related symptoms (Attwooll and Matthew 200).

We will write a custom Essay on Medicine Issues: Dengue Fever in Central America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Treatment and prevention Centre for Disease Control (CDC) indicates that dengue fever lacks specific antiviral treatment or any vaccines approved for treatment (par. 3). Therefore, the best remedy for the fever remains to be careful management and supportive nursing care.

Works Cited Attwooll, Jolyon and Matthew Firestone. Central America on a Shoestring. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.

Centre for Disease Control. Dengue, 22nd Mar. 2013. Web. 19 Sep. 2013.

World Health Organization. Global Alert and Response. Impact of Dengue, 14th Apr. 2013. Web. 19 Sep. 2013.


Medical Issues: The Importance of Vaccination Essay college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Importance of Vaccination



Introduction Historically, vaccination has been used to deal with numerous health challenges. Ordinarily, humans take various precautions to ensure that they are safe in various aspects of their lives.

The importance of seat belts in cars or car seats specifically designed to guarantee the safety of small children while on transit cannot be overemphasized. Similarly, it is imperative to put in place mechanisms that help to protect the body from illnesses. In the given scenario, it is imperative for all those living in the U.S. to be vaccinated.

Importance of Vaccination Although critics argue that vaccination is responsible for the suffering of most Americans as they become older, there are several reasons vaccination against the avian virus must be supported. First, the exercise will enable the government of the United States to save on precious resources (Bloom


Western Art’s History – The J. Paul Getty Museum Essay college essay help online

Table of Contents Description of the Piece of Art

Review of the Features in the Art Form

Meaning Derived from the Art Work

Works Cited

Description of the Piece of Art The J. Paul Getty Museum based in Los Angeles houses various works of art that range from paintings, drawings, sculptures, and European, American photographic works. The museum also has artworks from ancient Greece, Rome, and Etruria among other artistic works.

One of these works includes an Etruscan Terracotta fragmentary roof ornament that has an image of Medusa that was created in 550-500 B.C. This piece of work is available in the museum’s Getty Villa that is located in the Malibu area of Los Angeles.

This art piece is depicted by a monstrous gorgon form that makes it be classified as a fragmentary antefix. “An antefix is defined as a roof tile that runs along the eaves of a building that ended up to be a decorated element of art” (Getty par. 1).

The Gorgon in the art sculpture was meant to ward off any evil presence in the building where it was placed. The diagram below represents an image of the fragmentary roof ornament in the J. Paul Getty Museum

(Source: Getty par. 1)

Review of the Features in the Art Form The artist of the fragmentary roof is unknown, but his depiction of Medusa’s beard, bulging eyes, fangs, and her protruding tongue was meant to depict her scary appearance from the famous Greek mythologies.

The artist has also used two shades of red paint to enliven Medusa as monster where the different shades of paint and the bright colors help to increase the visible features of the monster for those who are viewing the ornament from below.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the original piece of the art form, the gorgon head was framed by a shell that is now mostly broken, but artistic scholars have been able to determine when and where this piece of artwork was created through an analysis of the shell.

According to scholars, the shell framing was a major element of Campanian creations which began around 550 BC (Getty par.2).

Many of the Greek ideas incorporated into the ornament were adopted from native artists who existed in Italy during the same period some of whom included Etruscan artists based in the northern parts of Italy and the Greeks based in the south.

Artistic scholars have been able to trace the shell to date back to 550 to 500 BC because of the short flat shape that is found in the grooves of the shell.

The Gorgon of Medusa depicts the amazing fruition of Medusa from her early archaic depictions of a beautiful woman to her later depiction of a monster in the 4th-century art forms.

Over many centuries, the Gorgon of Medusa is transformed from that of a beautiful woman to that of a hideous monster in various art forms such as the fragmented ornamental roof (Serfontein 37).

Meaning Derived from the Art Work This piece of work falls under the classical pieces of artwork done by ancient artists where the artist visualizes Medusa as a transitional creature because the ornament does not include the snakes on her head.

We will write a custom Essay on Western Art’s History – The J. Paul Getty Museum specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The fragmented ornament has included her grimacing mouth that has been portrayed in different shades of red, her protruding tongue, and her animal-like nose that all demonstrate features of transformational art.

Medusa’s moon shape has been maintained which is evidenced by the rounded contour of the shaped face in the fragmented ornament.

This was a major characteristic of many of the artists who used Medusa’s form in the mid-fifth century, and that demonstrates that this piece of art was created in the period of 550 to 500 B.C.

This piece of art is also classified to be from the mid-fifth century because of the artist’s mastery of perspective as the ornament occupies a three-dimensional space on the roof.

According to Chiaro (53) in his description of the piece of art, the captivating head of Medusa was carefully carved into the stuff of the roof ornament that was made of porous volcanic stone, which was common in various parts of Etruria.

Chiaro further notes that Medusa’s face has been sculpted by the unknown artist to be fleshy and wide with a broad nose and deep set eyes as well as a full and slightly parted mouth with red lips.

These were all common features of Hellenistic features that many Etruscan used in their art forms during the mid-fifth century BC (Chiaro 53).

The fragmented ornament was designed in a way that was meant to represent the three-dimensional frontal protruding heads that were a common feature of many Etruscan arched hallways and gateways during the fifth century.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Western Art’s History – The J. Paul Getty Museum by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The formal elements of the artwork are meant to represent the transformational image of Medusa as a monster and also as a woman.

This fragmented piece of work as mentioned in the beginning was believed by scholars to be designed by the artist to ward off any evil spirits that might exist within the building were this ornament would be placed.

The use of bright colors such as red was meant to depict Medusa’s head like a monster and also as a woman going through a transformational change.

Works Cited Chiaro, Mario D. A monumental Etruscan Medusa Head. The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal, 9, 53-58, 1981.

Getty. Fragmentary roof ornament with Medusa. Web.

Serfontein, Susan M. Medusa: from beast to beauty in archaic and classical illustrations from Greece and South Italy. New York: Hunter College, 1991.


Importance of Mathematics, English and Public Speaking Essay essay help free: essay help free

A college education is very important as it prepares someone for a career life at the university level. Although one takes several subjects about the career that one might take in the future, all subjects learned are very important since they provide a person with basic skills.

Apart from the provision of general skills, some subjects are a prerequisite for certain careers hence the reason why someone cannot be allowed to pursue such careers without passing in those particular subjects.

In view of the fact that there are many careers that one can undertake after clearing college, this paper shall focus on business administration.

Since Mathematics, English and Public Speaking are important in Business administration, this paper discusses knowledge and skills gained from the same.

The career in business administration involves management of all the aspects of the business to make it stable and to enhance growth as well as to meet its goals and objectives (Black) Par.1. Public speaking is a subject that is very important in business administration as it is in other careers.

There are many important kills that are derived from leaning public speaking. To begin with, one is equipped with good communication skills that are important for both verbal and nonverbal communication.

Also, due to the knowledge gained, one can develop enough confidence that is required for someone to be in a position to communicate effectively not only to one person but also a multitude.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In most cases, a business administrator happens to be the chief executive officer. Therefore, a business administrator is usually a leader, and the responsibilities are dependent on the size of the organization.

Therefore, public speaking is very important in business administration as it not only equips someone with the necessary communication skills but also helps someone to gain confidence which is very important in every effective leadership (Loh Par. 2).

Learning public speaking as a subject equipped me with good communication skills and helped me to develop personal confidence.

Mathematics, though a wide subject is also equally important in business administration. Statistics which is an integral part of mathematics is very important in administration. Every business administrator requires proper planning to become successful.

A lot of business decisions are so much dependent on the statistics. For instance, every business must have the right statistics on different factors of production and how they correlate with each other.

Therefore, studying mathematics equipped me with statistical skills as well as other mathematical skills that are very important in the career of business administration. Most importantly, some courses in business administration require mathematics skills like probability.

In conclusion, it is important to discuss how studying English at the college level can help in the career of business administration. English is the language that is commonly used in the United States and therefore, it is of paramount importance in every career, save business administration.

We will write a custom Essay on Importance of Mathematics, English and Public Speaking specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Apart from the knowledge on how to communicate formally, learning English equips a person with knowledge and skills of preparing formal documents like memos and reports as well as other business letters which is inevitable for every business administrator.

Although English is my first language, learning it was very helpful as it helped me gain and develop writing skills on top of communication skills.

Therefore, mathematics, public speaking, and English are very helpful in business administration as they equip someone with necessary formal and informal skills.

Works Cited Black, Ken. What is Business Administration? 2011. Web. 19 January 2011 .

Loh, Alvin. The Importance of Public Speaking Skills. 2011. Web. 19 January 2011 <


Telescopes in Astronomy Essay a level english language essay help

Abstract The earth’s surface and the uni, the verse is composed of many phenomena and celestial bodies such as the stars, constellations, planets just to mention but a few. The study of these celestial bodies and phenomena is defined as astronomy.

Among the various equipment used in the study are the telescopes. The telescope is an instrument that has been designed to enable observation of the celestial bodies from a far distance. It does this with the aid of electromagnetic radiation (Penston 1).

Through the close observation of the bodies, it is easier to learn and view their characteristics and behavior. The telescope is thus useful in astronomy.

Importance of Telescopes in Astronomy Astronomy is a natural science divided into various disciplines such as planetary science, stellar astronomy, and cosmology among others depending on the study objects (Astronomy Technology Today 1).

However, it all revolves around the study of celestial bodies and other phenomena on the universe and earth. The telescope makes the study of these bodies easier. The first telescope was manufactured in the Netherlands in the seventeenth century.

The telescope uses electromagnetic radiation to view distanced objects by bringing them closer for study and observation. Telescopes are divided into two depending on the mode of light transmission (Rayment 1). There are the refractor telescopes whose objective lenses are made of glass.

The glass is therefore responsible for gathering and concentrating the light rays. It has the advantage of producing steady and very sharp images as compared to the reflector telescope. The other advantage is that the glass is seldom cleaned since it rarely develops any dirt as it is enclosed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the refractor telescope has the disadvantage of sagging due to weight hence may give a false image. The glass material does not allow penetration of ultraviolet light making it limited to specific types of light waves.

A major problem affecting the refractor telescopes is a chromatic aberration or otherwise color distortion which means that the resulting image is formed surrounded by a rainbow of colors thus distorting it.

The other type of a telescope is the reflector type whose objective lens is made of mirror. It uses the principle of reflection such that once light strikes on the mirror surface, it is reflected producing an image (Halliday, 4).

This telescope has the advantage of producing larger images than those formed by a refracting telescope. In addition to the types above of telescopes, there is the radio telescope which is used primarily for objects that cannot emit or reflect adequate light for them to be viewed.

It, therefore, uses radio waves to detect and observe the object. The waves on detection are sent back as signals, and after being processed, they generate images that describe the viewed object. A good example of a modified edition of a radio telescope is the common satellite dish.

The telescopes are further classified into various types depending on their location. Thus there is space telescope found in the space or the atmosphere and the ground telescope that is fixed on the surface of the earth.

The modern technology has also led to the invention of specific telescopes designed to study defined objects depending on the types of waves used.

We will write a custom Essay on Telescopes in Astronomy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These classifications include; optical telescopes, X-ray telescopes, Gamma-ray telescopes, radio telescopes, high energy particle telescopes, and the gravitational wave telescope.

Despite its importance in astronomy, the telescope has been replaced by the spacecraft which is more advanced technologically.

Works cited Astronomy Technology Today. Your Complete Guide to Astronomical Equipment. 2011-January 17, 2011

Halliday, David. Fundamentals of Physics. Sixth Edition, New York. Wiley Inc, 2004. Print.

Penston, M. The electromagnetic spectrum-Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council. 2002- January 17, 2011 <


Disabled People Living with Normal People Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu

Table of Contents Introduction

Society’s attitude towards the disabled

Difficulty in dealing with disabled children

Integration of the disabled in society


Works Cited

Introduction Every society has people with disabilities. The severity of the disabilities varies from one person to another with some requiring round the clock care while others live independently requiring only to be assisted occasionally.

People with severe disabilities are a challenge to their families because of the expensive care they require and often they are isolated from the normal world.

A severely handicapped person lives in a world of their own, a society that supports special people, instead of the one where regular people live, people like Walker, can live with freedom and develop on their own pace.

Severely handicapped people may find happiness from living among normal people that they may not discover in an alternative (isolated) environment.

Society’s attitude towards the disabled Society generally finds it difficult to deal with people who have disabilities. There is a feeling that the disabled would do better in an isolated environment where they live with other disabled people.

Society treats the disabled differently due to various reasons such as anxiety, fear, reservations, and culture. For instance, in some cultures, disabled people are seen as a curse and source of shame; thus people shun; them (Kaplan 1).

Some parents have kept their disabled children hidden from society and in some extreme cases; some are tied up to prevent them from coming out of their homes. The parents do this because they fear stigmatization in society.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, it can be said that society has a negative perception of people with disability and people living with disabilities face discrimination in various fronts such as in employment and education.

On the contrary, society has come up with programs to help children living with disabilities cope with their lives. For example in education, special schools and programs have been established to cater for the special needs students.

In the wider society, things like special parking spaces are set aside for the disabled, construction of special toilets and so forth. The special facilities are specially designed to help the kids with special needs live as normal as possible and make their situation and environment less stressful.

Moreover, laws regarding discrimination have been formulated to protect disabled persons from discrimination based on their handicap. The American with Disabilities Act has led to changes in the public attitude towards the disabled (Kaplan 1).

Despite the strides made in dealing with the disabled, there is a contest on the usefulness of isolation. Are the disabled happy in their isolated environment or would they prefer to be in a normal environment where they interact with the rest of the society?

Some urge that the separation reinforces the notion that disabled people are abnormal and that is why they must stay in a separate environment. They are not seen as an integral part of the society but as dependent people.

On the other hand, those who oppose integration especially in learning institutions say that it ignores that the disabled children have special needs that can only be met in a special environment that a normal class would not provide.

We will write a custom Essay on Disabled People Living with Normal People specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, many teachers in mainstream schools do not have training on how to handle students with special needs (Special education 1).

However, integrating disabled children in mainstream schools is important because it gives them a sense of belonging and they get to interact with their peers and learn at an equal footing.

More importantly, it gives them happiness because they do not feel alienated from the community (Kaplan 1).

Difficulty in dealing with disabled children Disabled children are difficult to deal with due to their physical or mental condition. Their parents who are their primary care gives go through many challenges and stress as they try to make the lives of the disabled children as comfortable as possible.

They find it hard to communicate with their children especially those who have severe mental disabilities. The parents cannot tell what is going on in their children’s mind and they have to guess.

Ian Brown a father of a disabled child called Walker talks about his experience in raising his son who has cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFC). The disorder makes his son hit himself and punch his head that he has to be restrained to prevent himself from self-harm.

The father goes through pain as he deals with his son who has developmental problems. However, he loves his son dearly in spite of his disability because a parent should give his child unconditional love.

He has a great love for Walker, as he “Loves him as he is because I have discovered I can…” (Brown 57).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Disabled People Living with Normal People by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Loving the disabled children and living with them in a normal environment is very important in helping them to develop and learn about things that they would never have a chance of learning in their isolated environment.

The father has learned how to deal with his son as he learns about him in their day to day interactions. Nonetheless, he says sometimes he feels as if his son is the face of the man on the moon that one knows is not there because he cannot communicate with Walker.

Other parents too deal with such challenges and have to learn how to take care of the unique needs that their children possess. Learning about the needs and how to deal with them will help parents and disabled children have a more fulfilling relationship.

Integration of the disabled in society Integrating the disabled into society is very important. The fact that one has a disability does not make one a lesser human being, and therefore one needs to be given a chance to live a full life in the mainstream society without discrimination or isolation.

The people without disability ought to live together with those who do because they can learn from one another.

For example, Brown says that after searching for his son who cannot talk, walk and is still in diapers he discovered that “The purpose of intellectually disabled people like Walker might be to free us from the stark emptiness of the survival of the fittest” (Brown 187).

It means that every person regardless of his or her form has the potential to contribute to the society and each is a unique individual with a lot to give to the world (L’Arche 1). Thus, parents with disabled children ought to integrate them into normal society.

This will enable them to learn from other people on how best to take care of their children. More importantly, give the children a chance to develop normally. For instance, Brett, a family friend suffers from cerebral palsy and at nine years old, she attends a regular Catholic Elementary school.

She does normal things such as horseback riding, swimming, going to movies and playing video games. She has a funny sense of humor and lives with her family. The normal environment has a very positive effect on her because she ventures out and does what every other normal child does.

Conclusion Allowing disabled children to live in normal society is crucial. It gives them an opportunity to develop socially as they interact with their peers thus preparing them for their future lives.

The disabled children get an equal education with their non-disabled counterparts hence closing the gap between the educational attainment of non-disabled and disabled children.

The children engage in normal learning activities and feel a sense of pride when they accomplish their objectives in the learning process.

Also, the ‘normal’ children get a chance to interact with the disabled children and learn how to live with them and be helpful when a need arises instead of laughing, mocking or fearing them.

This is important in reducing the stigma associated with being disabled. On the other hand, disabled children learn from ‘normal’ children.

Works Cited Brown, Ian. The Boy in the Moon: A Father’s Search for His Disabled Son. Melbourne: Scribe Publications, 2010.

Kaplan, Deborah. Definition of disability. n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2011. .

L’Arche. n.d. Web.12 Dec. 2011.

Special Education. 7 Sept. 2007. Web. 12 Jan. 2011.


Effects of Multicultural Experience on an Individual Essay best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Abstract


Effects of social group discussion on an individual

Real life Intercultural experience



Abstract The main aim of this study is to examine the effects of multicultural experience on an individual. Multicultural experience shapes people’s opinions and behaviors. They help people to acquire new ideas and appreciate other people’s cultures and traditions.

Multicultural experience can be both positive and negative depending on the type of influence it exerts on an individual. The study also explores the effects of social group discussions on an individual and the researcher’s real-life intercultural experience.

Introduction Globalization has increased the level of intercultural contacts and the subsequent prospects of acquiring multicultural experience (Langer, 2000). The reaction of people to globalization has been both varied and polarized.

Critics have argued that globalization threatens the viability of local values, cultures and undermines individuals’ sense of identification with his/her community.

On the other hand, proponents believe that globalization has enriched people’s mind, removed social obstacles, and even strengthened the spread of human rights and democracy. Others have commented that multicultural experiences improve people’s creativity (Chiu


Paolo Coelho: The Life of the Prophet Research Paper college admission essay help

Table of Contents A Prophet or a Charlatan?

The Elements of the Destiny

In Search for the Truth

Works Cited

A Prophet or a Charlatan? Although Paolo Coelho is considered one of the most fruitful writers of the 21st century and a guru whose words are supposed to enlighten those who have been lost in the depth of sin and misery, lots of critics consider him not worthy the fane which he has obtained, the phenomenon of this writer is that, although being loved by hundreds of people all over the world, he is subjected to strong critics and the accusations of feeding people with the stories which are good only for little children.

Whether it is true or not is the issue of the given essay.

As some of those who have read the novels by Coelho state, the writer claims to be the one who discovers the simple truth of life and presents it to the people with all delicacy possible.

In spite of the fact that Coelho has been accusing of several times for the unrefined simplicity of his works, he still goes on presenting the grateful audience with the stories which can be classified as tales for adults.

The legends which Coelho tells are practically the dream novels which have very slight relation to the world as it is.

The mystery within his texts is supposed to have a philosophical background, yet it is possible to a day that Coelho simply plays with the ordinary statements which have nothing to do with the greatness of the Universe which he pretends to explore.

Since the modern world and the modern literature is preoccupied with the searches for something certain and understood, there is positively a danger of Coelho’s works being taken as the source of the world wisdom and the truth which embraces the whole universe.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The question is whether the author is what he is trying to be, a prophet to come, or a writer who has decided that he is supposed to reveal something unknown to the world to get some profit from the bestsellers of his. A St. Louis says,

The best-selling Brazilian author Paolo Coelho, whose dozen titles have sold over 40 million books worldwide, is Latin America’s second-most read novelist (after Gabriel Garcia Marquez).

Coelho’s more recent efforts, such as Veronica decides to die, about a writer committed to a mental hospital after a suicide attempt, and The Fifth Mountain, a fictionalized tale about prophet Elijah, are more sophisticated than the new-age spiritual fables with which he sprang to fame in the mid-1990s, such as the Alchemist and the Pilgrimage. (Draffen 58)

It is clear now that the fame of Coelho is based on the dramatism of his works which is intertwined with the philosophical context, and thus the impression it makes on the reader is like the one of a sacred text told like a novel.

What makes the very essence of Coelho’s stories is that he converts them into the shape of an everyday story which can occur to everyone, not only to some particular people.

What he is trying to convey is that everyone can be the chosen one, and it does not depend either on the origin of the person, or his or her beliefs, or race, or whatever.

Coelho shares the magic knowledge with everyone who cares to find out about the world something new and intriguing, and he does it willingly, with a grin of an enlightened one.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Paolo Coelho: The Life of the Prophet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Like Buddha, he reveals to his fans the essence of the world and the secrets that have been kept close enough yet hidden so that the rest of the people could see it.

The phenomenon of his popularity has some other explanations which prove logical and convincing enough:

Two cases in point in recent years have been the phenomena of J. K. Rowling and Paulo Coelho. Nothing critics can (or do) will alter the fact that the readers want to read the books these writers have written. Their writings seem to exist on a plane that is immune to anything anyone says. (Gunnars 12)

In spite, if the numerous arguments given by the critics who were straight against the new stars that shone upon the audience, the worshippers of Coelho remained just as devoted to the guru as they had been. Nothing has changed, and maybe this is due to the charming simplicity of Coelho’s novels.

Speaking of the background of the writer, one cannot say anything special about the way he came into this world. Nothing marked the appearance of a great guru who was going to open the door to the universal truth for the rest of mankind.

Rankin says that Coelho has acquired his specific knowledge of the philosophical and religious issues during his travels:

Mr. Coelho is from Brazil and is a well-traveled individual but admits that when he wants to write, he retreats to South West France. He will not say too much more about his location because he does not wish to be found and disturbed. (35)

The Elements of the Destiny Although Coelho is trying to convey his ideas with the most simple words for the reader not to get lost in the mess of terms and specific philosophical concepts, there is an idea that what Coelho does is a mere wordplay of his, which leads nowhere.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Paolo Coelho: The Life of the Prophet by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The exploration of the ideas which have been presented either in the Bible, or other sacred literature, proves an empty read for the audience, and the result of getting acquainted with the novels of the guru proves to be useless.

However, it cannot be doubted that Coelho manages to convey some moral rules to the audience, which may serve them as a kind of a guiding light on their way full of misconception and peril.

The moralizing stories of his can be distinguished by a specific air of a fable which has been told for the audience to have an important lesson which has to be learned.

The books of Coelho, among them the famous Alchemist are the interpretations of the universal wisdom twisted so that the ordinary public could swallow the story without digging too deeply in the world of philosophical issues and problems which demand serious work on the sources and considering the primary materials, such as the Bible, the Torah or the Koran.

Instead of getting too deep in the problems of religion and morals, Coelho suggests an easier way to settle the score with the evil that lives deep within each of us. He wants people to see the light which he has already seen and wants them to do it reading his revelations.

The opinions concerning Coelho’s influence on the people and their lives is not the thing that can be proved completely.

The numerous thankful public who claim that the books of his have turned their life into a complete delight and approaching the holy truth is the evidence that speaks in favor of Coelho’s works.

However, as the most attentive readers go deeper in their search for the Grail of truth in Coelho’s books they notice that there is something lacking in the books to reach the stage at which they are worth calling the literature for the enlightened.

Perhaps, this is due to the unpretentious size of the novels which Coelho writes, for it is truly impossible to make such a small book of one hundred pages to behold the keys to the universe in a due manner.

A reader of Paulo Coelho is depressed by reading the same stuff of answers that was the result of questions asked by a journalist.

But one thing that both Paulo and the reader should understand that – it is Paulo who knows the Journalist is asking the same question to him again and again. (Kalwar 64)

However, maybe it is not the Writer’s fault that the Reader and the Journalist demand the same thing from him again and again.

Tracing the development of the writer’s personality from what he used to be to what he is now, as well as the changes which his works have undergone as a result of such change, it can be claimed that Coelho has become involved more deeply into the questions of the universe which he has been solving all his writers’ life long.

The works of his have acquired a certain shade of meaningfulness and turned into more sophisticated read than his first fables were. His stories attracted the attention of the crowd and the critics, the latter claiming it worthless, the former crying with delight:

While disdained by serious critics and reviewers as a “familiar theme in a New Age package”, Coelho’s fable of a boy on an exotic journey in search of his destiny, drawing on myth and legend and unabashedly modeling itself on other inspirations works of the Jonathan Livingston Seagull genre, was on Brazilian best-seller lists for years after its publication in 1988. (Graham 88)

With all regard to the great works of Coelho and his attempts to help people to find a common language with themselves and with the rest of the world, it cannot be doubted that the means which Coelho chooses are far from being original.

In Search for the Truth In spite of the multiple attacks of critics and the bios interpretation of his books, Coelho remains the voice of the truth and the man who can see something that escapes the eye of an ordinary man.

He remains the prophet that can calm down the troubled and to help the people to find theirs on a path in the world.

The books of his serve the audience as a kind of a remedy which heals their numerous complexes and helps them to understand that there is a way out, an escape from reality. What Coelho suggests is the solution to the moral problems, which people cling to so fast as if it was their life buoy.

In fact, it is, and the novels that explore the depth of a man’s soul and reflect on the multiple psychological and spiritual issues are the means which can help the people to shift from the rough reality into the world were things are fair, and where people can love each other the way it was told in the Bible.

As has been mentioned, the great guru tries to search for the answers to his questions while he travels to other countries.

Looking for the answers to his question, he has encountered a lot of people and facts which he manages to put into his books, wrapping the facts and the characters into the legend which will attract millions of people.

Giving the characters the precise features which he has learned about in his travels around the world, Coelho draws the public’s attention with the specific details of his characters and, however, paradox, that might sound, with their being so close to the image of an ordinary person with his or he ordinary thoughts. As Alexis put it,

Crowley traveled to the ends of the earth to communicate with demons. Paolo Coelho followed a similar path, changing those spirit entities angels or “members of the tradition.” (Alexis 440)

However hard it is to acknowledge, the spiritual food which Coelho suggests is not enough for complete spiritual development. What they can give is a mere push in the necessary direction, being a flashlight with the help of which people can find their way home.

In the search for the Promised Land where their dreams and hopes for the future are stored, people read Coelho’s books and see that the solution to their problems is closer than they had expected it to be.

Owing to this fact, Coelho has taken leadership over the world literature, and this has been keeping him in this position for so many years.

Even nowadays, when people seem to be fed up with the telltales who are fed to them every day, they still eagerly indulge in the dreamy land of Coelho’s imagination.

The universe where everything is just and people can find a common language cannot exist – at least, not in our lifetime – and this is what makes Coelho’s stories so dear and sweet to the people.

Works Cited Alexis, Jonas E. Christianity’s Dangerous Era: How the Christian Principle and Spirit Offer the Best Explanation for Life


The Tampa-Orlando Light Rail System’s Agreements and Disagreement Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

There are many ways of how American business may be improved, and recently, the government came to the conclusion that it was possible to promote the development of appropriate rail systems to meet several professional goals.

It is stated that “the train stations are all beautiful, and most are real Antiques and well maintained in daily use” (Letters to Leaders), and if it is possible to improve the connection between different cities and save people’s time and nerves, it is necessary to use such a chance and provide people with more abilities.

A not long time ago, there was an announcement from the Obama Administration that “Florida will receive a down payment of $1.25 billion toward the eventual $2.56 billion required to build the project expected to ruLocan by late 2014” (Jackovics).

On the one hand, this decision is supported by many citizens as it is a good way to improve their lives. On the other hand, the vast majority of people cannot realize why such huge money should be spent on improvements to rail systems, and other aspects of life are still neglected.

The Tampa-Orlando light rail system is one of the most contradictory questions in many spheres; this is why it is so difficult to define its true worth and realize its urgency for the citizens of Florida.

According to the plans, the Tampa-Orlando line may run about 84 miles: people get a chance to reach the Orlando International Airport from the downtown of Tampa in 55 minutes (Florida Department of Transportation).

This line will be provided with a variety of tools and facilities, and each passenger will be able to enjoy the offered air-conditioned areas for waiting and other services at each station.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To support the idea of an improved rail system, people admit that the Tampa-Orlando line is one of the good bases to start various private-public relations and partnership (BocaGrandeTalk).

The chosen area in Florida has not seen considerable improvements for a long period, and it seems to be appropriate to get such kind of help and show the citizens how generous governmental care could be.

Still, there are several opponents who cannot agree to the fact that billions of dollars have to be spent on rail systems in such poorly populated area in comparison to other places of the USA.

One of the Republicans underlines the necessary to “take another look at all of the $10 billion in federal grants awarded by the Obama Administrations for high-speed rail nationally – and specifically money allotted for the nation’s first line” (Napper).

There are so many other spheres of life which need some improvements as well as there are many other areas which have to be supported by certain governmental grants. This is why the opponents cannot support the necessity of a rail system that is going to connect Tampa and Orlando.

In general, the development of the Tampa-Orlando rail line has many positive as well as negative aspects. Taking into consideration the fact that the main purposes of this line are to improve human lives and save time, it is possible to support the idea and believe in its worth for the citizens.

On the other hand, it is hard to believe that there is no other sphere of life that is in need of financial support. This is why it is still necessary to realize a true worth of the chosen suggestion.

We will write a custom Essay on The Tampa-Orlando Light Rail System’s Agreements and Disagreement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited “Fast Facts.” Florida Department of Transportation. 2010. Web. 9 Dec. 2010.

Jackovics, Ted. “Local officials look for how high-speed rail can pay off.” TampabayOnline. 29 Jan. 2010. Web. 9 Dec. 2010.

“Light rail, electric cars, and the intercity BUS”. Letters to Leaders. 15 Jul. 2010. Web. 9 Dec. 2010.

Napper, Robert. “FL: After light rail tax defeat, doubts about Tampa-Orlando high-speed rail light.” The American Independent. May 2010. Web. 9 Dec. 2010.

“Tea party vows to put brakes on Florida rail deals.” BocaGrandeTalk. 17 Nov. 2010. Web. 9 Dec. 2010.


Biochemical Cycles Essay argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Major Biogeochemical Cycles


Reference List

Introduction The biochemical cycles known by another name the nutrient cycles involve a process by which there is a noticeable change in an element’s physical or chemical structure as it moves through the different systems of the earth.

These systems include the atmosphere, lithosphere, biosphere and the hydrosphere. It is important for these cycles to occur as they help in replenishing elements that may not be freshly produced hence making them available at all times.

Most of these elements that undergo recycling are the very vital elements or nutrients required by all,l living things to survive, for example, water, carbon, nitrogen just to mention, but a few.

A nutrient is, therefore, a substance that is required by living things for their survival (Bolin, 2001, p.1). There are macronutrients that are required in larger quantities in the body, and these include carbon, phosphorous, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen.

As for the micronutrients, they are required in small amounts but are also essential. Boron, copper, and molybdenum fall in this category.

Major Biogeochemical Cycles The major biochemical cycles that occur on earth are the carbon, water, nitrogen, hydrogen, and the sulfur among others. The water cycle is very important to all living things since it is an essential nutrient for growth and life.

It is also known as the hydrological cycle and mainly involves evaporation of water from the earth’s surface to the atmosphere where it condenses then falls in the form of precipitation collecting in the sea, lakes, rivers or sinks down to form the groundwater.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The process is thus repeated forming a cycle. The nitrogen cycle is another major cycle which occurs by nitrogen from the atmosphere being fixed into the soil through a process known as nitrogen fixation mostly carried out by organisms such as algae and bacteria.

Carbon is also an important element for the living organisms; hence the carbon cycle which is a gaseous cycle takes place to recycle the carbon and make it available for the living organisms.

Carbon is found in living or organisms that have died recently, in the atmosphere, in water bodies and dead organisms in the form of calcium carbonate. There is also the sulfur cycle, though required in limited amounts because of safety sulfur is also very important.

It involves the gaseous sulfur in the form of sulfur dioxide or particulate sulfur found in the air. The other major biochemical cycle is the phosphorous cycle; this is a sedimentary cycle providing energy to living organisms.

Micronutrients though required in minimal amounts; they play a very important role in the global cycles as some activities to support the major cycles while others accelerate the major cycles (Bolin, 2001, p.1).

Global cycles are those that act to support the earth’s system. An example of a global cycle is the carbon cycle. It occurs when plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and use it to manufacture food.

The animals feed on the plants, and upon their death, the animals decay hence deposited to form coal or petroleum. On the other hand, the sea creatures get the dissolved carbon dioxide from the atmosphere which has combined with the water.

We will write a custom Essay on Biochemical Cycles specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The shells of the dead creatures form at the base of the water body forming limestone. The cycle continues; hence carbon is recycled.

The impact of the carbon cycle is that there may be excess carbon that may be produced in the atmosphere and hence being poisonous. Diagram showing the carbon cycle

Fig. (Bolin, 2001, p.1)

Conclusion All biochemical cycles however major or minor the nutrient involved is are important to the environment. This is because they help in replenishing the nutrients making them available to living things at all times.

Reference List Bolin, P. (2001). The Major Biogeochemical Cycles and Their Interactions. Web.


The Black Hawk War Research Paper essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

The aftermath of the war

Legacy of Black Hawk War

Reference List

Introduction The Black Hawk War took place in 1832 and pitted a British group against the United States defense force and mercenaries drawn from Illinois and the Wisconsin region, at the time referred to as the Michigan Territory (Howe, 1857, p. 22).

The bone of contention was the ownership of lands in the region mid-west of the United States, and this was where much of the war was fought. The fighting got its name from a battle ruler of the Sauk, Fox and Algonquian indigenous Americans, all who were behind the British.

The Governor to Indiana Territory, William Henry Harrison, had in the year 1804 settled on an agreement with Sauk and Fox leadership. The Sauk and Fox leadership surrendered ground lying to the eastern part of Mississippi River everlastingly to the Indiana people (Howe, 1857, p. 22).

Conversely, the Sauk and Fox delegation had not sought advice from their clannish councils, and principals of these councils opposed their decision to cede land to Indiana.

The white populace of the area expanded at a high rate in the period following the War of 1812. The immediate impact of this was ever-escalating tensions between the indigenous Americans and those perceived as outsiders (Jung, 2007, p. 7).

Black Hawk directed a troop of indigenous Americans to the earlier surrendered expanse for the period of both winters of 1830 and 1831.

Central troops were pulled in, and the group of Black Hawk directed to pull out. They refused, and the high octane aggressions set off on the fourteenth day of May 1832, a time when Black Hawk’s group overcame militia at the Battle of Stillman’s Run.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This battle for most of the part involved a progression of small wars and clashes. A cholera breakout ruthlessly trimmed down the workforce of the American troops.

The war came to an end with a significant conquest for the militia at the Battle of Bad Axe. This was on the period between 1st and 2nd August in 1832.

Even as a lot of indigenous Americans continued staying in the region, a majority of their leaders escaped. Only Black Hawk and other indigenous American chiefs were put in prison (Jung, 2007, p. 7).

The war can be looked at in three distinct phases. The foremost stage took place from April fifth to May fourteenth of that year. During this period, Black Hawk’s troops crossed Mississippi River and made way toward the Winnebago prophet’s rural community on the Rock.

In a quick rejoinder, central forces marshaled in opposition to this invasion (Cole, 1918, p.13). Black Hawk’s group realized that they were doomed to failure at the time and had to retract and cross the Mississippi in the opposite direction.

In the process of orchestrating a systematic drawback, though, they got into a brawl with a private army unit, and this militia looked as if they were to make a nonviolent return down the Rock unworkable.

The second phase took off with a let pass chance for a diplomatic decision to the predicament on May 14 of the same year and ended on the eve of the initial main encounter of the war on July the twenty-first. In this stage, there occurred quite several attacks and conflicts.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The Black Hawk War specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A portion of them was raided by Black Hawk’s troops against white occupations; others were started on by the army or mercenaries in opposition to indigenous war organizations (Butterfield, 1881, p. 5).

Even as pitched encounters were lacking between the major forces on each side, the chasers made progress as they gained lots of ground.

The final stage began on July twenty-first when the chase caught up with Black Hawk’s group. This took place at the Battle of Wisconsin Heights.

With their might of up to seven hundred and fifty mercenaries, General James Henry and Colonel Henry Dodge at the end caught up with Black Hawk’s group.

This stage came to an end with Black Hawk’s surrender on eighth August (Butterfield, 1881, p. 5). His troops attempted to cross the Mississippi but in vain as they were destroyed on the river’s banks.

The aftermath of the war It is imperative to find out the impact that this war had on a number of its white partakers, on the Sauks and Foxes as an entire group, on Black Hawk’s group and Black Hawk as a person.

Even though this war was short-lived, it implicated some men who would get into key national political and armed forces professions (Cole, 1918, p.15). A total of three future heads of state played roles in the happenings of the spring and summer seasons of 1832.

Abraham Lincoln began as a commander in the Illinois band of soldiers and came back twice as a secretive after his first tenure of service came to an end. He was never at the thick of things, though. He was aged twenty-three when he joined the army.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Black Hawk War by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Another future head of state was Jefferson Davis who oversaw the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. During a better part of the Black Hawk War, he was on leave (Cole, 191,8, p.15). He was, however, responsible for turning in Black Hawk and White Cloud to St. Louis in September of 1832.

Notable veterans of war whose profiles grew as a result of their involvement were General Winnfield Scott and Colonel Zachary Taylor. Gen. Winfield Scott neared becoming president as he was given a nomination by the Whig Party in 1852. Col. Zachary Taylor led all regular parades in the control of General Atkinson as the war took place.

Another colonel, Henry Dodge, was later to be signed up as an administrator for Wisconsin sin Territory in 1836 (Beaouchard, 1908, p. 22).

In the same way, as many of border li, no wars, Black Hawk War offered a shot in the arm to several political jobs. A total of four future Illinois administrators partook in the war (Cole, 1918, p.16).

These were Thomas Ford, John Wood, Joseph Duncan, and Thomas Carlin. Future administrators of Nebraska and Michigan also arose from the war.

As others went on to succeed after the war, a few did not. One of them was General Atkinson, who led all troops in the course of this eventually victorious clash. He spent the rest of his life at Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis.

The general belief by both his subordinates and superiors was that he had made a mess of the battle (Hurt, 2002, p. 1763). The accusations were that he tolerated it to turn bloody and failed to end it at once on realizing it had got messy.

Only a small number of indigenous Americans gained from the Black Hawk War in any way. Even the Sauks and Foxes who were responsive and had stuck to western Mississippi disowning any liability for Black Hawk and in the end gave in Black Hawk’s backers to the authorities went through severe consequences.

These people found themselves landless and dependent both financially and politically in the United States. Towards the end of September 1832, General Scott and Illinois Governor John Reynolds had a meeting with Sauk and Fox leadership.

General Scott and Reynolds at first insisted on their part being given much of eastern Iowa as restitution for the battle, offer putting forward a yearly disbursement of twenty thousand dollars for the following thirty years (Hurt, 2002, p. 1765).

Given that the government wanted close to six million acres, this proffer turned out to around ten cents for an acre for particularly important farmland. Keokuk, one of the Sauk and Fox leadership members, recommended an increase of the annuity from twenty to thirty thousand dollars.

He also proposed that they reserve two ten-mile square pieces of farmland out of the particular coding. The Sauks and the Foxes were to get one of these parcels of land each. Scott and Reynolds could not see eye to eye with this proposal but granted a four-hundred-square-mile.

This meant that the Sauks and Foxes were to get twice over what Keokuk had bargained for. However, this was on condition that the two communities vacate from the surrendered land by June 1, the following year.

Scott and Reynolds also pronounced Keokuk as the prime leader of the two communities, a position the tribes viewed as hereditary.

The war was overwhelming for the Sauks, Foxes, and Kickapoos who went back to Illinois with Black Hawk. The same was the case for the Potawatomis and Winnebagoes who also settled for Illinois (Cole, 1918, p. 21).

The number of those who lost their lives was high throughout this period. Lives were lost in the battlefields, through hunger in the process of hiding or escaping from pursuers and drowning as they tried to swim across rivers like the Mississippi and get away from the enemy.

There are others who lived on. A large number of Potawatomis and Winnebagoes just returned to their villages in the eastern Mississippi. It was however not easy for the Sauks, Foxes, and Kickapoos who had by then been forced to move to western Mississippi.

Most of the survivors were detained for a short time. Towards the end of August, most were let free, and the major reason was the cholera outbreak that had occurred.

General Scott feared that as a result of the congested camps, the infection would stretch quickly through detainees and soldiers alike.

Legacy of Black Hawk War The Black Hawk War is a fundamental occurrence in the white occupation of much of the central United States. In most of the times, this war is seen as unnecessarily blood-spattered and probably stoppable.

Even as this was the final Indian war taking place in Illinois and Wisconsin, it was not the last one occurring in the region east of the Mississippi River (Hurt, 2002, p. 1844).

Another war was fought between 1835 and 1842, and this indicated that antagonism among the indigenous Americans in opposition to American expansionism had not come to an end yet.

Black Hawk devoted his memoirs to General Atkinson, and it was because of the form of handling the general had offered to him in the time of his incarceration.

In his message, he warned Atkinson that the course to magnificence is usually rough. But he wished him well in his endeavors (Hurt, 2002, p. 1846).

The Black Hawk State Historic Site, Black Hawk Township and the University of Wisconsin are some of the memories in place which remind the people of this historical occurrence.

Reference List Beaouchard, Edward. 1908. Edward D. Beaouchard’s Vindication in Draper, Lyman Copeland. Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Historical Society.

Butterfield, Consul. 1881. History of LaFayette County, Wisconsin. Rochester, Illinois: Western Historical Co.

Cole, Harry. 1918. A Standard History of Sauk County, Wisconsin: Volume I. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co.

Howe, Henry. 1857. Historical collections of the Great West.

Hurt, Douglas. 2002. The Indian Frontier: 1763 – 1846.

Jung, Patrick. 2007. The Black Hawk War of 1832.


Concepts of the Penal Laws: The Popery Acts 1695-1756 Essay best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Background

Presbyterianism, Catholicism, and Protestantism


How they Affected

Continued Effect in 1920

Unsuccessful the Penal Laws



Background For a long time, England wanted to rule Ireland and its territories. However, it was not easy to rule Ireland without an acme of sophistication in terms of enacting new acts disenfranchising the normal scenario.

In 1367, England enacted an Act, Statutes of Kilkenny, to thwart ancient England from adopting what was a Gaelic culture. Further, in 1494, the enactment of Poynings Law paralyzed Irish parliament rendering it useless as compared to the English side.

During English Reformation from 1533 to 1538, English administration under Henry VIII made new religious mandates, which affected Ireland-England relations further. Consequently, from 1539 onwards, persecution Protestant followed until summating the formation of the Kingdom of Ireland.

However, on his son’s reign, Edward VII allowed and supported Protestantism in entirety. Between 1553 and 1558, Queen Mary imposed a pure Catholicism policy commanding everyone to observe Catholicism (Treaty of Augsburg).

The territorial rules continued further even as Queen Marry married King II who later became the king of Spain. (Anderson, 1898, pp. 3-23).

Religious conflict continued between the two countries during Queen Elizabeth’s reign (1558 to 1603). Nevertheless, the hierarchy of the Catholic Church excommunicated her citing heresy as the main reason behind. Later on, the Irish Catholics became annoyed by the move.

A controversy among Catholics brews because some Catholics supported Queen Elizabeth while others supported Pope’s verdict. In the 1570s and 1580s, Philip II ruled the kingdom in Ireland under the support and direction of Gaelic chieftains.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Towards the end of the 16th century, Engine land promulgated colonial laws especially in the plantations of Ireland where anti-Catholic legislation on took precedence.

Presbyterianism, Catholicism, and Protestantism Presbyterianism in Ireland gained ground as from 1610 when James I ruled England. Presbyterians from England moved into Ireland to form the Church of Scotland. In 1642, under their leader Cromwell, Presbyterians multiplied creating more churches.

Astonishingly, England administration rewarded those who observed Presbyterianism. William III paid more homage to these Presbyterians more than what James II did.

Nevertheless, many of them remained rich, owning large tracks of land. Thus, during the period of legal disabilities (penal laws), they opted to remain conscious.

Nevertheless, Catholicism was the majority religion in Ireland. Protestants, on the other hand, constituted a minority that mainly observed Anglicanism. Catholics were rich citizens, who envied Protestants. On the other hand, Protestants were poor and relied on church tithes for survival.

Overall, the Catholics owned large tracks of land more than Presbyterians and Protestants. Consequently, Protestants proselytized to turn Catholicism into Anglicanism (Protestantism), for economic survival. However, the plan failed to lead to Protestant Ascendancy hence; penal laws.

Introduction Even without denial, the elitist and affluent class in both England and Ireland constituted the clergy and professional members, who were members of the Roman Catholic Church. These people owned large tracks of land and dictated city expansions as they were rich.

We will write a custom Essay on Concepts of the Penal Laws: The Popery Acts 1695-1756 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In fact, in 1700, the population in Dublin exceeded 60 000 people mainly Catholics; making it the second largest city in the ancient British Empire. Magnificent houses and state of the art streets characterized Dublin especially at Liffey riverfront where the rich resided their businesses.

Moreover, the century had numerous political implications on Irish Catholics. The Irish Catholics were very successful people and had tried to take power and rule.

The monarchs on realizing these motives, they tried every mean possible to derail Catholic sentiments. They could harbor all mechanisms like torture and detainment to realize their ambitions. (Connolly, 1998, pp. 1-9, 247-249).

Basically, under law practices, penal is a union of laws created and enforced by the state to prohibit certain participation. It can be a prohibition against religious freedoms, owning property, employment, race prejudice or political participation.

More often than not, if an individual or a group of people violate penal laws, punishment follows. Unlike civil laws, penal laws do not permit legal redress but rather, impose a direct punishment to the offender just like in criminal law.

Penal laws started in the 18th century to punish nonconformists especially in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Penal laws sought to continue the supremacy of the Church of England over Roman Catholics and nonconformist Protestants.

The battle of supremacy continued on whom between Protestants and Catholics had a say of control. Successive monarchs enacted anti-Catholic laws aimed at silencing Catholic supremacy.

For example, the monarchs changed regular Catholic worship into periodic worships, made sure that no Catholic held an administrative office and no Catholic participated in Irish politics.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Concepts of the Penal Laws: The Popery Acts 1695-1756 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Cromwellian regime was responsible for these harsh legislation, which to all intents and purposes; combined Ireland and English law.

In a more horrifying note, Protestants enacted similar anti-Catholic laws-penal laws that segregated Catholic clergy hence; complicating life in Ireland. However, the laws were never to succeed as the Irish Catholics decided to use Irish parliament to meet their demands and achieve new primaries.

The period between 1695 and 1756 saw many Irish Catholics suffer at the expense of penal laws, which were enacted by successive monarchs. Life of clergy became complex as Protestants teased to castrate anybody who dared to worship Catholicism.

It only took able and bold clergymen to resist any temptation and yield to protestant demands. Finally, Protestants defeated Catholics, and Protestant Ascendancy ensued as from 1661 to778.

How they Affected Many scholars argue that the main reason for creating penal laws was to acquire land from wealthy Irish Catholics. For example, in 1641, the journey of impoverishing Catholics started. Statistically, more than 60 percent of Catholics in Ireland lost land.

This was clear when the government released the census report in 1735. There was a sporadic change of religion from Protestantism to Catholicism. Medicine became rare between 1728 and 1793 while on the other hand, the laws barred Catholics from voting.

As from 1778, the building of new sanctuaries required permission from the relevant authority and should they elect new Churches; the laws demanded them to be far away from the road.

Ireland remained quiescent over this period while surrounded by misery, exhaustion, hopelessness, and trepidation. Like someone hunting wild animals, Irish Catholics became preys to be hunted. From faith to possessions, the regimes confiscated them.

Moreover, during the reign of James the First, many Irish Catholics lost land and houses. Limerick, a Catholic, had ruled Ireland for an along time.

The opponents had greatly opposed his administration due to Catholic favoritism. Envy took precedent by far even as Protestants felt to be like Catholics. For example, Limerick enacted legislation called the Treaty of Limerick, which gave Catholics authority to religious freedom.

The Protestants read mischief in these religious freedoms. They hoped for a day of revenge when the regime will change and favor their side. Nonetheless, in 1691, Limerick surrendered Irish power to Protestant adherents. It was now their turn to favor Protestantism through Catholic conquers.

Consequently, an Irish Parliament, full of Protestant Lords and members of Parliament enacted laws, which grossly violated Catholic freedoms. (Ciardha


Comparison of Dubai and Cape Town as Vacation Locations Report college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Cape Town as a vacation destination

Dubai as a vacation destination



Works Cited

Introduction It is well known that the city of Cape Town is the second biggest metropolis in South Africa. “As a vacation destination, the city is well known for the natural landscape and ambiance in the Cape floral kingdom such as the popular attraction sites of Table Mountain and Cape Point” (Meer 1).

The city is also known for its beautiful harbor as well as its game parks which act as excellent vacation points for local and foreign tourists.

On the other hand, Dubai is situated on the Arabian Peninsula south of the Persian Gulf and is one of the seven emirates of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and has been ruled by the Al Maktoum dynasty from 1833.

As part of the United Arab Emirates, Dubai has the same monetary, political, armed forces and legal structures as the other six emirates and shares a similar framework through a federal system.

However, each of the emirates including Dubai has control over several internal utilities for instance community law enforcement and provision and maintenance of internal amenities.

Dubai is the largest emirate that follows after Abu Dhabi when considering habitable area but unlike Abu Dhabi, Dubai is the most densely inhabited of all emirates.

Shopping is the leading tourist attraction to Dubai due to a diverse array of low priced products. There are also ancient attractions such as written accounts documenting parts of Dubai’s history as well as modern attractions such as Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest man-made structure.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Cape Town as a vacation destination Cape Town is the governmental capital of South Africa as well as Africa’s most attractive destination for tourism (Meer 1). It is a metropolitan city located along the shore of Table Bay, and it is well known for the Cape floral kingdom.

Often referred to as The Mother City and The Tavern of the Seas, Cape Town has a Mediterranean climate and hence well defined seasons are a common occurrence (Live 4).

The natural scenery and favorable climate make Cape Town the most sought after destination by tourists going to vacation in Africa.

The city has attractive beaches, well-maintained infrastructure and has managed to minimize the urban influence on the environment giving Cape Town a natural ambiance (Meer 2).

The most well-known feature is Table Mountain which has been recorded as a landmark site by the city (Richmond 21).

Tourists frequently visit this mountain because it has a serene ambiance and hikers looking for adventure will be seen climbing the mountain along the trails, Platteklip Gorge being the most popular of all trails (Meer 11).

Climbing the mountain can also be done using a cable car, and the cable ride does have an exceptional view of the land and the sunset and evening cruises are a preferred activity especially by couples (Live 7).

We will write a custom Report on Comparison of Dubai and Cape Town as Vacation Locations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Robben Island which was a prison during the apartheid era is another popular destination.

It is a 40-minute boat ride away and what makes the prison prominent is the fact that former South African president Nelson Mandela was imprisoned in that facility which has now been converted to a tourist destination.

Pilgrims, journalists, and biographers have often been to this island trying to retrace Nelson Mandela’s steps (Richmond 28). For nature enthusiasts, the Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens are a major attraction in particular during spring when the flowers are blooming.

The gardens are well planned for, and the apparent layout is attractive hence many tourists carry a camera with them whenever they visit the Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens to take memorable photographs of nature’s beauty (Richmond 25).

Wine Desk Waterfront is a pleasant place for wine lovers since it is a vineyard farm with several wineries on the property. Tourists usually receive a guided tour of the farm and wineries and later have a pleasant lunch with the other visitors on vacation (Live 5).

There are also tours in which visitors have taught the art of making wine and there also other outstanding activities such as wine tasting which appeal to several visitors.

Cape Town also has the Table Mountain National Park which provides a spectacular view of a diverse number of wild animals in their natural habitat. Tourists get guided tours through the parks and come up close to some of the wild animals.

The most common animals in the Table Mountain National Park are the black rhino, lions, cheetahs, a variety of bird species as well as different primates (Meer 15).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Comparison of Dubai and Cape Town as Vacation Locations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These sites are a particular attraction to film and documentary producers seeking a new perspective on their production or inspiration for new content.

Also, there is the Artscape Theatre Centre where performing arts are carried out (Richmond 22).

Various kinds of dances songs and plays are performed at this particular location and tourists seeking different forms of art with African connotations are frequent visitors to the Artscape Theatre Centre. One remarkable aspect of Cape Town is that no two beaches are the same.

Different beaches have a different ambiance, and tourists can end up touring all the beaches just to determine which one suit them best especially during summer (Live 3).

Additionally, The Cape Town Minstrel Carnival is an annual event that takes place on the second day of each year, and it is a colorful event celebrated to usher in the New Year.

The highlight of the day is the competition between different minstrel teams where the teams try to out-dance each other and use visually enticing items like bright costumes or colored umbrellas to garner for points.

This unique event is a major attraction to individuals and families on vacation due to the visual attraction of the event as well as the rich diversity of cultural activities involved.

Cape Town also has the highest number of buildings with the Cape Dutch style of architecture which is evident in most old government buildings and some residential buildings in the city (Meer 18).

Dubai as a vacation destination Also known as the shopping capital of the Middle East, Dubai attracts a large number of tourists every year who visit the city with the intention of shopping for products as well as for the long hot summers and short warm winters.

Regional and international tourists from virtually every continent visit the souk districts which are found on either side of the creek in Dubai where commodities are sold at a relatively low price (Krane 89).

The souks are famous for their charged trading atmosphere and tourists visit the souks to take part in the bargaining of goods which is considered engaging (Stern 191).

Furthermore, an interview by Monassar (7) indicates that, “Dubai has a large number of modern shopping malls such as BurJuman mall, Mercato shopping mall, Dubai Lamcy plaza and Deira City Centre and stalls which sell exotic products such as perfumes, antiques as well as other products such as vehicles, designer clothes, jewellery, domestic equipment, electronics and sporting equipment at a relatively low price compared to international prices”.

Apart from supermarkets and department stores where the price of products is fixed, most shops, stalls and various other outlets regard bargaining, and friendly negotiation as part of the business process and hence conciliation for products is encouraged (Dallen 51).

To promote both domestic and international tourists, Dubai holds the annual Dubai Shopping festival which is held during January and lasts for the whole month (Stern 193).

During the Dubai Shopping Festival, there are music concerts, exhibitions and the whole of Dubai goes into a shopping frenzy with almost every legal product being traded at a negotiable price (Krane 90).

Dubai has been able to develop at a rapid pace due to the economic advantage the region was due to oil revenues hence features of Dubai’s old culture are not widespread.

Monassar, (9) interview still states that “due to the oil revenues, Dubai’s infrastructure is among the best in the world, such as underground railroads, bridges, and roads.”

Visiting the location around the creek is the most prominent option by tourists since that area divides Dubai into two halves known as Bur Dubai and Deira (Stern 195).

The Bur Dubai side of the Creek offers sightseers with the essence of the old city of Dubai with buildings such as Heritage Village presenting tourists with a vivid perspective of old Dubai.

Adjacent to Heritage Village is the Diving Village where tourists go to learn about the different forms of Middle East pearl diving and fishing methods as were carried out in the past(Stern 196).

There are also other attractions such as the Dubai Museum which was established in the refurbished Al Fahidi Fort which is a landmark considering it was put up in 1799 (Stern 198).

There is the Heritage Village of Hatta which is located several miles southeast of Dubai City and situated between the rocky Hatta Mountains. The unique factor about the Heritage Village of Hatta is its rich and documented history dating back more than two thousand five hundred years.

The village is made up of more than 20 buildings with each building having a different dimension from the rest and the buildings also have varying interior designs and building materials utilized (Dallen 55).

To help to preserve the rich content of the village, renovation of the buildings is done using the original materials, for instance; sludge, grass, sandalwood, hay, and palm fronds.

Another cultural site is the Sharia Mosque which is more than 150 years old a marvel to archeologists due to the elaborate design and composition put in its architecture bearing in mind the same building materials are utilized all over the structure and it incorporates a garden, a prayer hall, a fountain, a court, and courtyard, restrooms and additional utility rooms (Stern 199).

As for the accommodation, Dubai has the widest variety of tourist accommodation facilities among all the Emirates.

All the mainstream hotel chains such as Hilton, Serena, intercontinental and Ritz have investments in the emirate making accommodation costly for tourists hence investors usually opt to rent out apartments and villas to tourists on a short term basis, and this arrangement is usually more profitable and convenient for the parties involved (Stern 197).

The most prominent of all hotels is the Burj Al Arab which is considered a 7-star hotel and also a significant landmark and identity to Dubai (Krane 92).

Dubai was also the pioneer in the creation of Palm Islands which are artificial islands which are found in the Persian Gulf, off the coast of The United Arab Emirates on which key business and housing infrastructure is built (Dallen 54).

The islands such as the Palm Jumeirah, the Palm Jebel Ali and the Palm Deira, all of which were or are being constructed through land reclamation are a major tourist attraction in Dubai.

The islands are reclaimed to taking the shape of a palm tree with a crescent at the apex, and the motive behind their construction is for the islands to hold a significant number of residential, vacation and amusement hubs (Krane 94).

With all the palm islands completed, it is estimated that the reclaimed land will append more than five hundred kilometers of beaches to the city of Dubai (Stern 199).

The Palm Jumeirah and the Palm Jebel Ali consist of more or less one hundred million cubic meters of rock and sand while Palm Deira is estimated to consist of about one billion cubic meters of the same substances (Dallen 56).

Tourist attractions to the palm islands include over one hundred comfort hotels, private residential coastline villas, and apartments, yachting marinas, various theme parks, bistros and cafes, shopping malls, sports facilities as well as health and beauty resorts(Stern 201).

Recommendation Dubai has a limited variety of tourist attraction locations with most of the emirate being converted into a metropolitan region.

For Dubai to attain the diversity currently achieved in Cape Town, it is imperative that the emirate takes into account the different natural features located in Dubai and capitalize on them. One option would be to reclaim part of the unused desert and convert it to a habitable region for animals.

Subsequently, the emirate can import a variety of wild animals and release them in the reclaimed area and hence creating a mixture of urban and primitive zones in the region with water being drawn from the ocean and purified.

Conclusion When comparing Dubai and Cape Town as two vacation locations, it is important to identify the different amenities offered by the two tourist destinations. Cape Town has by far the largest variety of tourist and vacation locations when compared to Dubai.

The main reason for the significant difference is the concentration of Dubai to shopping as the main tourist attraction which holds the emirate at a disadvantage when compared to Cape Town.

One cause to the limitation of tourist attraction sites in Dubai is the fact that Dubai is an Islamic based region and hence some activities and animals are proscribed or restricted.

Another disadvantage Dubai has over Cape Town is that Dubai is mainly a desert; hence most vegetation has to be grown artificially.

Cape Town has a Mediterranean climate allowing a variety of fauna and flora to grow naturally in the wild. Consequently, Dubai has tried to negate its shortcomings by investing heavily on urban infrastructure hence creating a modern delight using artificial products.

Structures such as the Burj Al Arab as well as Burj Khalifa and the shopping festival are modern phenomena, but they are not sufficient or diverse enough to attract a large number of tourists and are more likely to attract investors.

The Palm Islands, on the other hand, have the propensity to attract curious individuals and because accommodation in the Palm Islands and Dubai as a whole is quite expensive; more tourists will visit Cape Town for vacation.

Works Cited Dallen, Timothy. Shopping tourism, retailing, and leisure. UAE: Channel View Publications, 2005. Print.

Krane, Jim. City of Gold: Dubai and the Dream of Capitalism‎. London: St. Martin’s Press, 2009. Print.

Meer, Ramon. Cape Town Vacation – Travel Guide. Mar 08, 2010. 19 April, 2010,

Monassar, Ali, Abu. Personal interview. 04 April 2010.

Richmond, Simon. Lonely Planet Cape Town. New York: Lonely Planet, 2009. Print.

Stern, Steven. Stern’s Guide to the Cruise Vacation. June, 2009. 19 April, 2010,


Perception, Cognition and Emotion are considered building blocks of social encounters. How do they relate to the movie clip in ? Examine and Discuss. Tip: A cheap essay help: cheap essay help

How do they relate to the movie clip in ? Examine and Discuss.
Tip: Among areas to consider in relation to the clip may (not exhaustive) include; Why are mismatches in frames between party’s sources of conflicts? What does it mean to have an, “irrational escalation of commitment.”? What can help prevent errors of anchoring and adjustment? What is the best remedy for the winner’s curse? Can it happen in this clip? Should the double-edged effect of overconfidence be considered?
The length of the assignment will not be more than 2500 words excluding references. References should ideally be the latest (year 2010 and onwards) and use the American Psychological Association (APA) or Harvard format.


Muse Concert at Izod Center in 2013 Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

This paper is aimed at discussing the concert performed by Muse at Izod Center in 2013. It should be noted that this group represents various musical genres such as space rock, electronica, and even classical music. So, it is possible to say that this band belongs to such a movement as alternative rock. It was formed by Matthew Bellamy, Christopher Wolstenholme and Dominic Howard in 1994.

At the beginning, these musicians gained recognition in the United Kingdom, but very soon they became popular throughout the world. At present, it is regarded as one of the most famous alternative rock groups. Its performances attract the attention of many fans as well as critics. These are the main issues that should be considered.

This performance was attended by a very diverse audience. In particular, there were people whose age ranged from 17 to 30. However, this estimation may not be completely accurate. These individuals were dressed in an informal way. For example, many of them wore jeans and T-shirts.

Additionally, it was a mixed-sex audience that equally represented both genders. Judging from my observations, people, who attended this concert, belong to various racial groups such as Caucasians, blacks, or Asians. It is difficult for me to evaluate the social and economic positions of people who decided to attend this concert.

Most likely, they were middle-income people, and some of them are financially independent. Yet, this is only a conjecture that cannot be fully confirmed. Therefore, one can say that this musical band appeals to people who may have diverse backgrounds. This is one of the main arguments that can be made while discussing this concert.

During this concert Muse performed the compositions from different albums. For example, I can mention Muscle Museum, Bliss, The Second Law, Supremacy, and so forth. Each of these songs has already gained the recognition of many fans and critics. Nevertheless, I did not notice the forms that were mentioned during the class. During the concert, the musicians used such instruments as guitars, piano, synthesizers, bass guitars, drums, and percussions.

It should be noted that Muse can skillfully incorporate various instruments, even those ones that are not typical for a rock band. For instance, one can mention harmonica. This is one of the reasons why the band appeals to a great number of people who often have different musical preferences. This is one of the main aspects that can be identified.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overall, this concert lived up to my expectations since this performance included excellent music and impressive visual effects. The musicians were able to engage the listeners, especially at the beginning of the concert. Moreover, the acoustics of the concert hall was very good and the sound was not distorted.

These are the main details that should be taken into account. Overall, I will certainly attend a performance by Muse, if I have such an opportunity because this experience is unforgettable.

The performance has been of great interest to me because I was able to see how the musicians can make use of various instruments in order to create unique compositions distinguishing the band from many other performers. Apart from that, this concert has produced a strong impression on me since I was able to see how visual effects can enhance the musical composition. This performance strongly appealed to me.


Disciplines Contribution on Organizational Behaviour Essay writing essay help

Psychology The discipline of psychology has greatly contributed to the field of organizational behavior since it has led to the emergence of the concept of organizational psychology. This concept is concerned with the study of workplace behavior. Bottom and Kong (2010) argued that psychologist plays a role in ensuring increased workplace productivity. This is done by selecting the individuals who best suit a particular position in the organization.

The theories mentioned in their paper as being critical to organizational decision making include the normative and descriptive theories. The behavioral decision theory evolved since there was a need to make proper organizational decisions.

Sociology Sociology has shaped organizational behavior since it is the study of human society and people’s social stratification. Individuals come from different backgrounds and have different beliefs. People may be differentiated based on religion, race, tribe, class and many other factors (Riordan


Paintball Course Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Table of Contents Executive Summary



Consumer Behavior Insights

Suggested Improvements

Learning Points

Works Cited

Executive Summary This is a report describing the findings after visiting in a paintball course. It describes the expectations of visits and the perceptions from the visit. The visit setup is on an early morning when the students were in session and practicing the game. It, therefore, presents a credible and compelling situation. This is because there are unexceptional components that were detected and triggered certain issues of improvement.

Consequently, this report will present the formation of the course, environment, the mood of classes, students involved and instructions delivered by the instructor. It, also, takes a positive side of encouraging other people to participate in this course for their beneficial impacts.

In addition, there are other factors that have been considered in this report. A factor that cannot be left out involves advertisement strategies that have been suggested by the board. This will be an effective step that will raise the growth of this course and the institution. Finally, the ideas retrieved from the visit have been provided to mark the potential state of paintball.

Expectations There were issues that were expected before the visit. According to Rein, Philip, and Ben (2006), to make an effective study and practice area for paintball, there must be hiding places. Consequently, we expected that there would be a bushy area where people would hide during the game. The picture expected was from a remote, natural and wide area. For instance, the bushy area could have been a forest section without wild animals.

It was expected to be quite defiant and harsh since the practice is usually applied in under natural circumstances by police. Military rely partially on these games to establish the best way of hiding and defeating their enemies. It was obvious that there would be an experienced instructor to direct the students. Also, it was expected that male students would be more than a female student.

Description The findings did not align fully with the expectation. There was a modernized strategy that was applied to serve as the natural forest. It was on a flat and small area of about 7 acres. There were large rocks, buildings, holes, and other hiding places that had been modified. However, there were instructors who were well informed about paintballs. In fact, there were 8 instructors handling students in different groups.

In addition, each instructor specialized with a group of his own and at a certain level of learning. Surprisingly, there was no female instructor. The male students exceeded the female students by an estimated factor of 8. This aligned with the postulation made by Rein, Philip, and Ben (2006).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The playfield was in front of the entrance. Therefore, the ideas of paintball were depicted in mind once a person stepped into the school. In fact, there was a board that advertised the paintball and an image of a person wearing the playing tools. I could tell easily that I was in the right place even before entering. This is because the board had been raised highly above the institution walls.

Apparently, it happened that I managed to arrive early before the institution opened. Therefore, I managed to monitor the punctuality of students and instructors. No person was late on the day according to the institution’s rules. There were some instructions that were delivered for about 2 hours for each group. After the instruction, the practical was commenced in 1 hour.

The practical took about 4 hours for each group. However, the time varied according to when the winner was determined. In this case, the groups with the most experience took longer to finish than those with less experience. I attributed this to proper/improper hiding. The game was fascinating to watch from the tower because a person could see all the activities happening in the field.

Consumer Behavior Insights I managed to determine the factors that were apparent in the institutions. This was retrieved from an interview with students and instructors. I, also, requested their catalog and newsletters for review. In addition, I used the notice board to search for information explicitly.

I found that the institution could have several strategies for interacting with consumers. For instance, students could receive information about the institution through search engines. Social media have, also, raised a significant method of advertising. It is possible for students to be referred by friends through the sites.

These social sites include Facebook and Twitter. I, also, perceive the effects that a gigantic advertisement board in front of the institution could do. This board could appeal to all individuals who pass by the road. Apparently, there are other advertisement strategies that could be incorporated in this issue. For instance, emails, calls, television and radio adverts, and text messaging among others could be incorporated.

Newsletters, brochures, and catalogs could assist in spreading the name and service offered by the institution. Apparently, they could enlighten consumers about the opportunities that come with this knowledge. It is a strategy that is vital when police are finding suspects. Therefore, many people could be attracted to their services. Sievert (2005) identified that every person has a need that requires him/her to learn these playing strategies.

We will write a custom Essay on Paintball Course specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequently, we can argue that convincing people about the need of paintball would be vital in establishing the school. Also, there are other factors that could arise from paintball. There are opportunities to make movies. I realized that watching the game on a tower was quite entertaining.

I could see when a person was revealed to the opponent. This could allow the making of an engaging movie where we establish a winner. Players could qualify and become champions in the game. People could pay to watch live games.

It is vital to investigate the reasons why girls could not be prevalent in the institution. This would assist to improve the number of girls in the institution. It could be performed by encouraging girls into paintball. Apparently, Sievert (2005) had demonstrated that the performance of classes with both genders was livelier than those without 1 gender.

These ideas have been approved by many academicians. It has been apparent in most colleges and universities. Consequently, the mood and directions, of course, could be expected to pull consumers. It appears that most adults prefer joining institutions that incorporate all genders.

Lastly, there are aspects of distributions that have not been addressed fully. Girls should have more than two paint encounter before they are removed from the game. The rate of performance in practical activities between males and females is quite different. Consequently, it is vital to give girls more chances to paint encounters. Additionally, they are few and should not be exempted from the game too early.

The most appropriate strategy is to retain them and raise game moods. When the school is joyous, it is expected that there will be a good mood. This mood could reach the community and other potential consumers. It would be easy for a friend to convince his/her friend in joining the institution.

Suggested Improvements Apparently, there are certain issues that require to be addressed. First, proper advertisement is vital. Consumers must be enlightened about the services and products that the institution is providing.

If the ideas are availed to many people, there will be chances of increasing the number of individuals joining the institution. If products, such as DVDs, are produced from the institution, there will be a high chance of selling the product because people will be enlightened about it.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Paintball Course by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More I, also, realized that a bare place would not be entertaining and satisfactory. Although the set up of the field achieved the goals of the school, vegetation incorporated with artificial manipulations would be better than the case presented about the institution. This would create practical effects that appear in wild hunting and police activities. The area should be expanded to fit many people and make it hard for a person guessing the hiding places.

The playing equipment should be adjusted and updated. There are well-advanced equipment that could be bought for gaming. The guns could be advanced to point the opponent directly. Otherwise, to improve target accuracy, shorter guns could be applied. Store of playing equipment could be maintained by hiring individuals who take care of the items and ensure they are ready for the practicals.

They should record all equipment taken from the store and those that are returned. This determines the losses that are made from each game. Finally, the availability of play equipment is vital in the establishment of proper playing basis.

Therefore, all available instruments must be incorporated to ensure that every person has the necessary playing pack. They could be oiled, washed and repaired. Loyalty is potentially influential during the course. It could be established through rewarding winners.

Learning Points It is apparent that the paintball course is necessary for practical implication in police and actors technique. They should be reliant to advertisements that can popularize the institution. Television and radio are the most viable strategies to enact the popularity of the institution. Location of the institution should have nearby equipment selling shops. This would prevent failures associated with equipment destruction.

It would be established that modern strategies have implemented strategies to reduce land wastage. Also, it would be known that males are overrepresented in this institution than female. This could imply that the institution needs to address this issue. It should not abandon the advertisement that could fetch more students than the present tally.

In conclusion, the establishment of a paintball course could lead to development in the entertainment section. The current running games, such as football, entertain people and help people to learn in different educational courses. It is vital to try the potentiality of paintball and determine whether there are people who could support the games.

Development of paintball will lead to the establishment of business opportunities in the future. Marketing will be a potential factor dictating whether paintball will establish and become popular in the globe. Therefore, trying will relay the potential development and determine the present misery in popularity.

Works Cited Rein, Irving J., Philip Kotler, and Ben Shields. The elusive fan: reinventing sports in a crowded marketplace. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.

Sievert, Terri. Paintball. Mankato, Minn.: Capstone Press, 2005. Print.


The Polar Bear in the Northern Hemisphere Essay essay help online

The polar bear is an important species in the Northern Hemisphere which is threatened by extinction. Global warming and other human activities are endangering their ecosystems and this has led to a reduction in their number. They need to maintain constant body temperatures for them to survive in their natural habitat.

Oil drilling in the northern hemisphere has led to the pollution of their habitats which makes it difficult for them to breed and feed themselves. An increase in hunting has reduced their population and poses a big threat to their existence. All activities that have a negative impact on the survival of polar bears need to be halted to avert their extinction.

The polar bear is a very important species to both the US and humanity as a whole. The mammal has a lot of economic benefits because governments which have conserved habitats where these animals are found can benefit positively from tourism revenues.

Bears feed on seals and other animals and this helps to maintain biodiversity in the northern hemisphere. In some regions, polar bears are used as a source of food for people living there. Their bodies have a lot of furs which is used to make clothes.

Humanity needs to act to save the polar bear. Global warming needs to be addressed urgently to prevent ice in the north pole from melting. It is also necessary for communities that live near polar bear habitats to conserve these habitats to protect this species from extinction.

Countries which occupy the Northern hemisphere need to stop oil companies from drilling delicate ecosystems. This will help to protect the natural habitats of polar bears, seals and other endangered species from pollution. Polar bears need to be protected because they help to foster biodiversity in the Northern Hemisphere.

All governments need to work together to save the polar bear. It is necessary to conserve their habitats to ensure that their reproduction patterns are not interfered with. They spend a lot of time hunting for food because seals and other animals in their ecosystems are also endangered.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Several European nations have failed to agree on a ban to prohibit the global trafficking of polar bears which does not augur well for conservation efforts. All nations need to prohibit hunting and trading of polar bears to safeguard their existence on the planet.

More efforts are needed to ensure the population of polar bears remains stable. Global organizations and industrialized countries need to be more committed to reducing harmful emissions into the atmosphere. This will ensure that ice in the North pole does not melt.

The global trade in polar bears needs to be prohibited to discourage people from hunting them. Countries which have large numbers of polar bears need to formulate policies that ensure their survival is not endangered by human activities.

Economic and non- economic benefits of saving the bear cannot justify the costs used. This species is very important to many regions of the northern hemisphere because it contributes positively to the environment.

It is important to conserve the habitat where the polar bear lives to ensure that it is protected from the reckless actions of a few individuals. Polar bears, just like other species need to be protected from extinction. They need to be allowed to live in their own natural habitat where they can reproduce without any external interference.


Zappos Company Management Essay a level english language essay help

Synopsis Zappos Company outsources work to handle selling, shipping for other companies and its customer services. This company offers training to its entire staff at, new employees and interested parties outside the organization (Chafkin, 158). The writer states that Hsieh is a customer oriented manager who goes out conducting research studies on what makes his target market happy.

The company has an effective management system with a well-designed website courtesy of Hsieh. All the employees are treated equally with a salary below market rate accompanied by lots of motivations. Hsieh takes his employees out frequently to bars and restaurants making them feel valued. The humble trait has made employees and customer love this company.

My thoughts I have read quite a number of articles that discuss the importance of outsourcing. However, for a large company such as Zappos, outsourcing has potential damages as well as importance. Small business consultants and entrepreneurs can learn from Zappos that it is possible to reduce workload through outsourcing. I agree with the fact that Zappos Company should outsource work to handle selling, shipping for other companies and its customer service.

The negative side of this program is that outsiders have no idea concerning the internal marketing environment and factors of production. In order to improve sales, the management and employees of the company must be involved in decision making. Engagement of external stakeholders is only important in reducing the workload hence outsourcing cannot be an effective management strategy.

The writer states that Hsieh conducts some training for interested individuals outside the company. I support this move because training equips employees with the required skills at all levels of management. Training new employees is also a good initiative for Zappos Company because it creates some confidence in the new environment. Human beings always fear to make mistakes when in a new environment; it is a life-preserving habit.

I would recommend a training session for business consultants on how to handle clients. This idea is, however, challenging due to the fact that there are some costs to incur when training people. Entrepreneurs can pay for such training to gain knowledge in business management. Training should be done within the organization in order to reduce the costs involved.

Conducting research on what makes people happy is Hsieh’s strategy of understanding the target market. I believe attracting customers is like catching fish; one cannot just dive in and grab the fish. Zappos is looking for ways to bait the hook and dangle the worm.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hsieh believes that once research is done on the things that keep a customer coming back, sales always increase (Chafkin, 161). This is consistent with reality. For entrepreneurs who want to venture into businesses, market research is very important because it gives the entrepreneur an idea of the market.

Zappos managers also use technology to connect with customers through a well-designed website. It is important to note that this company is doing this to survive in the current e-business environment. However, this may affect Zappos’ approach to customer and employee relations because the Chief Executive of this company prefers dealing with humans themselves.

This technology is, therefore, in conflict with the company’s policy thereby making it obsolete. Hsieh has the same challenge faced by most entrepreneurs in the real world. Many people never set the right objectives that lead to achievements of goals (Chafkin, 159).

New policies, if not checked, can at times interfere with objectives and as a result, affect the goals of an enterprise. With the help of its C.E.O, the company has created a management system where all necessary software is used to make work easier for both employees and top managers.

I would not consider paying my employees salaries below market rates as it is in Zappos Company. This is a potential risk to mass action because compensations are motivation factors to human beings even in the real world. However, Hsieh has his own ways of motivating employees like hanging out with them in bars (Chafkin, 158). He also tweets to keep up with the goofy libertine human culture.

Consultants should learn from Hsieh that human beings are creators of emotions hence clients need to feel appreciated and valued. However, Hsieh has gone as far as conducting interviews in a bar which involves a lot of risks. Social media is used to create relations in the real world, but for businessmen and women, such relations should be limited because they provide platforms for defamation.

Today, the consumer is more connected, more demanding, more informed and less loyal to a brand. Zappos’ strategy of placing toll-free customer support number, personal buying service and free socks can help create a strong customer base.

We will write a custom Essay on Zappos Company Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Creating a business card, for instance, can help consultants increase contacts. In the real world, the current generation is programmed to follow what others are doing. The things people watch and read have an impact on their consumption habit. I would, therefore, recommend a website and a free toll customer support number to an individual who plans to venture into any business.

Works Cited Chafkin, Max. “Inc magazine.” The Zappos Way of Managing (2009): 158-162. Print


The Film “We Were Soldiers” Essay college essay help: college essay help

Directed by Randall Wallace, the film ‘We were soldiers’ was developed and released in 2002 as a dignified reminder of the scenes and issues involved in the Vietnam war and the crop of American heroes that emerged from the war. The film is based on Hal Moore and Joseph Galloway’s book ‘we were soldiers once… and Young’.

In fact, it is worth noting that the two authors of the book were in the Vietnam war, Moore as a soldier and Galloway as a journalist. The film “we were soldiers” attempts to follow the story line in the book, with only some few diversions.

Although the film was developed in 2002, it is based on the battle scenes of the 1965 events in the Vietnam War, focusing on the first encounter between the American soldiers and the Viet Cong, the North Vietnamese army. In this film, Lieutenant Moore (Mel Gibson) leads about 400 troopers, most of whom were inexperienced, from the US air force in a battle against some 2,000 Viet Cong troops (We were soldiers).

While the film focuses on the events on the battleground, it equally provides the viewers with a parallel story of the families and wives of the soldiers in the war as they grief for their relatives in the war.

In this review, an analysis of the war provides an insight into the actual scenes of the war and the reason why America was involved in the battle. In addition, this review aims at analyzing the film to describe how the war developed a crop of American heroes as well as the suffering and grief that their wives had to undergo back home in the US.

Unlike the previous movies based on the Vietnam War, ‘we were soldiers’ attempts to take a none-political platform by sticking to the true story by the book authors. By avoiding taking ambiguous social and political betrayals witnessed in various other Hollywood films, Randall Wallace, the director, has favored the basic aspects such as heroism within the context of a complicated storyline (Stewart 7).

First, the viewer is introduced to Lt Col Moore as he leads his 7th Calvary troops into the Valley of Death in Vietnam but is surrounded by a large army of North Vietnamese troops in the valley. In fact, Moore and his army are outnumbered ten-to-one, but the determined Moore is not ready to surrender but instead leads his mostly inexperienced troops against the Vietnamese troops.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In fact, the American soldiers are mostly naïve and young, and it is clear that almost all of them are in their first action on the battleground. However, under Moore’s leadership, the Americans bravely stage a fierce resistance against the Vietnamese army, which results in a three-day battle that leaves several soldiers dead and other injured on both sides.

The humanistic approach of the film seems to be well developed with an intention to describe the human nature of both the soldiers in the battlefront and their families back home. Right from the time of leaving America for Vietnam, the film shows how family relations are affected by the war.

It serves to provide the viewer with a first-hand experience of the gap created by the war, as it is shown as a major event that disrupted the harmony and relationship between husbands and their families. It further proves how difficult it is for the family members left behind as their husbands, sons, and brothers leave American for a battlefront thousands of miles away.

The emotional toll described by the film is a unique feature because most other films based on the Vietnam War mostly concentrate on social and political issues related to the war. Randall Wallace has attempted to bring into focus the emotional toll brought by the war to both the soldiers with Moore and their families back home.

For instance, the first quarter of the movie moves quite slowly to show relationships of soldiers with their families (Stewart 8). In addition, it attempts to describe the relationship between the soldiers and the military leaders in the American army. From this section, the viewers are introduced to the life of Moore, where it is disclosed that he has a loving family.

Moore has a loving and dedicated wife named Julie (Madeleine Stowe) and five children who are young. Although Moore is a dedicated soldier, the film reveals that he is much dedicated to his family as he is to his military duties. Their couple is praying together prior to the departure of Jack to the battlefield in Vietnam. This event is portrayed as a sad note because Jack has to go to the battlefront just a few hours after the birth of the first born.

While the American troops are in the war, the viewer is introduced to an American journalist Joe Galloway (Barry Pepper) (We were soldiers). Unlike the American troops who are out there to kill (and probably get killed), Galloway is interested in capturing and recording the events of the battle in images as well as writings so that he can relay them back home to allow the Americans and the world understand what was going on in the battle.

We will write a custom Essay on The Film “We Were Soldiers” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At the height of the war, Galloway is instructed to shelve his camera and instead, hold on to a gun and participate in the war. Although he agrees and acts as a soldier, he later resumes his journalist tasks.

The human aspect of the battle at the Valley of Death attempts to disclose a number of other aspects of the war rather than the shooting events. For instance, the Vietnamese soldiers are shown to be a cunning and pitiless lot who are there to kill and destroy any invading person. Secondly, the viewer is introduced to the sorrows that grasp the brave Vietnamese soldiers when they realize a large number of colleagues they have lost in the battle.

Moreover, Sergeant Major Plumley plays an important role as a comedian on the battlefield, which keeps the soldiers’ attention relaxed despite the looming danger. It is also sad to note that Lt. Geoghegan ends up as a casualty of the war, which leaves his wife grieved and desperate, as she has to bring up the kid by her own.

However, the course of the film and the storyline revolves around the actions of Moore and Journalist Galloway, which shows the evidence of following the storyline in the book.

Overall, the cinematography of the film ‘we were soldiers’ is relatively striking as it is presented from the experience of a soldier and a journalist. Thus, it makes the viewers feel the effect of the war by making them feel as if they are part of the American team in the war.

For instance, blood oozing from shot American soldiers spatter on the screens of Galloway’s camera, which introduces the viewer to the experience of the journalist, who was not skilled in war. In addition, most of the events of the battle are shown in a slow-motion style in order to evoke emotions among the viewers. As the American soldiers and the journalist push through the valley of death, one feels as if he or she is a part of the team.

Works Cited We were soldiers. Ex. Prod. Randall Wallace. Los Angeles, CA: Icon products. 2002. DVD.

Stewart, James. Heart of a Soldier. Simon


Managing Conflicts Essay essay help online free

Conflict solving is never easy, especially when it involves a large sum of money and concerns a number of people. However, with the help of specific approaches towards conflict solving and the existing theories on conflicts within an organization, one can possibly be able to analyze the emerging conflicts and learn valuable lessons from them after they have been successfully solved.

In a retrospective, old conflicts can be a perfect way to render a specific message and to draw certain conclusions regarding a specific situation. That said, it would be a good idea to consider the conflict known as the U.S. Harvest Scandal with Stan Curtis being the founder of the enterprise and at the same time the criminal.

It seems that to analyze the conflict in the given case, the neo-classical perspective suits most, since the conflict within the USA Harvest organization can be related to social ones. Considering the problem closer, one will inevitably come to the conclusion that it stemmed from the lack of cohesion within the organization.

Considered one of the Kentucky’s most powerful feeding organizations, Kentucky Harvest seems to have been under the absolute control of its owner for too long; as the 2010 report says, “Although the emergency food network offers a necessary support for many families in Louisville, its size highlights a failing in our local food system” (The state of food: A snapshot of food access in Louisville, 2010, 4).

Therefore, it can be considered that the organization’s key focus was the quality of performance, while the quality of relationships between its members was left out of the scope of the company’s managers.

Another problem of the Kentucky Harvest, which might have led to its downfall, is the inconsistency of the organizational culture and the lack of emphasis on the corporate values.

While the company does state that its key goal is to provide enough food for all those in need and claim that its members “really got into it from a competitive standpoint” (UFPS Newsroom, 2006), it is clear that the company lacks a cohesive approach towards establishing organizational behavior norms.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Judging by the fact that the swindler was also the founder of the organization, it must be admitted that preventing the catastrophe from happening would have been extremely difficult. The big decisive point in the given case was whether Curtis was planning the con from the very start.

If the whole USA Harvest enterprise was meant to be the greatest con in the history of the USA then one has to admit that the attempts of the organization members to prevent the conflict from taking place would have been futile. Therefore, it can be considered that once the USA Harvest organization had established the principles of transparency as the basis for its organizational strategy, the failure would have been avoided.

Hence, the USA Harvest case can be regarded as a lesson in developing the right leadership strategy, as well as the strategy on facing complexities in both organizational and production process issues, such as weather conditions (Lee


Professional Property Manager Essay online essay help: online essay help

There are several advantages of working as an employee manager as opposed to working as a third-party manager. A full-time employee manager can relate to his employees better because he understands their backgrounds and personalities. An employee manager interacts constantly with clients and other employees which makes it easy for him to solve crucial issues in the firm.

He is able to motivate his employees to achieve positive results in their responsibilities because he constantly assesses their strengths and weaknesses. He interacts with them constantly and understands issues which they face at the work place.

An employee manager understands the direction his organization is moving in and is able to make further improvements to help it achieve positive performance. He organizes different functions in the firm to make them more efficient and productive (Griffin, 2011, p. 110). An effective employee manager is able to invest different resources in the organization to improve the quality of outcomes a firm achieves.

There are several disadvantages to working as an employee manager. Subordinate workers may resent being subjected to constant supervision by an employee manager. This affects the outcomes achieved in the organization. A full-time employee manager may not allow workers to use their skills to solve different problems at work. Therefore, workers lack the autonomy to improve their output and performance.

Some employee managers do not have the necessary skills needed to propel their organizations to success. This makes them ineffective in discharging crucial functions in the organization (Griffin, 2011, p. 122). Some managers do not have the necessary skills needed to nurture and grow employees’ talents and skills. Such managers may not be in a position to motivate their employees to achieve positive outcomes in their duties.

A property manager needs to conduct himself in an ethical manner because this shows the level of commitment he or she has to the organization he works for. Property managers must observe integrity in all transactions they undertake. This will ensure that clients and other employees have confidence and trust in their ability to deliver quality outcomes in the organization.

He also needs to ensure that financial systems in the organization are foolproof to stop any form of embezzlement and other corrupt practices from taking place. This will help an organization to achieve its objectives in the market easily.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A property manager who is ethical influences his organization positively because he serves as a model of good behavior to other employees. This manager helps to make the internal environment within an organization corrupt free which improves the quality of results achieved (Pivar


Using a “Peripheral” Workforce: For and Against Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Main Body: The case for and against using “peripheral” workforce




Introduction The flexibility of work is a comparatively complicated issue integrating the peripheral and core workforces that carry with them several consequences. The model of work flexibility is commonly used in many organizations, as it is healthy for the individual standards of living (CIPD, 2013). Flexible working tries to view the associations amid practical and statistical flexibility.

In fact, the procedure involved in flexible working tries to elucidate on how an organization can concomitantly acquire flexibility. The situation of practical and statistical flexibility as realized by core and periphery model can generate additional advantages in corporate competitiveness.

The peripheral workforces entail employees having casual occupation affiliation while core labor forces are linked to better engagement terms and regular working conditions ( Ltd, 2012). The two kinds of work flexibility that is core and periphery, spell out the implementation of the diverse labor market viewpoints.

Flexible materialize to have numerous benefits and demerits. For instance, 66.0% admit that flexible working is helpful (Croucher


The Debate on Gun Control Essay essay help online free

The debate on gun control is a controversial topic in United States politics. The debate has spanned for decades as opposing sides argue about the right to have guns and restriction of the same. The side that supports the right to own guns consider it a right to defend oneself. The gun culture is embedded in the the American culture as many people owned guns to protect themselves from the early times of the nation’s history.

Moreover, the guns were used for hunting and today hunting with guns as a sport is common. Guns are a symbol of power and many consider owning a gun as an American identity. On the other hand, owning guns has led to violent gun crimes and thousands of innocent Americans have lost their lives.

The gun violence has led to the debate on gun control and the recent incident at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut that saw the death of 26 children has reignited the debate and President Obama is leading the campaign to pass stringent laws on gun control to prevent the occurrence of such incidences of gun violence in the future.

Many attempts to pass the gun control laws have failed especially with the influence of the National Rifle Association and I think politicians should use emotionally charged events to ensure that the laws are passed.

Politicians can use emotionally charged events to advance political agendas that have been difficult to through the use of intellectual debates. The gun control debate and passing of relevant laws to do a background check on any person that wants to buy a gun and restrictions of assault rifle sales to the public have been slow in passing. The Politicians should use the recent massacre of 26 children in Connecticut to appeal to the quick passing of the laws.

Otherwise, many people will continue to die at the hands of people that own guns and are not fit. Doing a background check on an individual before they buy a gun will reduce the probability of a gun falling into wrong hands. Moreover, the ban of assault rifle sale will help in protecting the lives of many innocent Americans that would fall, victim, if an individual with an assault rifle runs berserk and opens fire randomly.

Furthermore, the appearance of children with President Obama as he announced the executive orders on gun violence is good because it will appeal to the urgency of passing the gun control laws to protect the innocent children and other citizens.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The emotional appeal by the president to the lawmakers to remember the children that died at Sandy Hook Elementary may work by reminding them not to forget those innocent children who died because a gun was in the hands of a wrong individual.

He used emotional appeal and told the lawmakers to remember how the nation felt on that fateful day. He also told the citizens to continue talking and making their voices heard to the lawmakers so that they can pass the gun laws that are necessary to prevent more gun violence in America.

In conclusion, the use of emotions can help pass a political agenda and politicians should use every resource at their disposal to pass laws for the good of the people.

The passing of gun control laws is slow as the camp that opposes them works very hard to ensure they are not passed as they say that they will infringe on the rights of law-abiding citizens’ right to own a gun. However, if using emotionally charged events to pass the gun laws is what it will take I support the use because even if only one innocent death is prevented in the future it will be worth the effort.


Toyota Company’s Sustainable Product Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Introduction Toyota Australia produces high-quality vehicles and engines at the plant located in Altona. To improve the production process and respond to the principles of sustainability and environmental protection, it is necessary to implement the new technology to save the water used in the technological process.

The project is developed to demonstrate the advantages of the new water cycling technology with references to the specifics of the process and aspects of its successful implementation at the Altona plant. In 2011/2012, 355,611 kL of water was used at the plant with the minimal utilization of the recycled water (Toyota Australia Sustainability Report 2012).

The new water cycling technology allows the implementation of the non-waster process when 100% of recycled water are utilized in manufacturing. To implement the technology, the microfiltration system, several reverse osmosis systems, and the industrial storage tank is necessary.

To guarantee the space and costs savings, the location of the system should be determined. The practical value of the project’s development and implementation is in decreasing the costs, savings the water and energy resources, and protecting the environment.

Background Information Toyota Australia focuses on the sustainable production meeting the main concepts and ideas of the corporate social responsibility. Nevertheless, to improve the manufacturing process and contribute to the reduction of water resources usage, it is necessary to implement the new water cycling technology.

355,611 kg of water was used at the Altona plant in 2011/2012, and it is possible to operate this number as the average amount of water which will be saved with the usage of the new technology (Toyota Australia Sustainability Report 2012).

The implementation of production based on the 100% water cycling process is the effective strategy to save the company’s costs and operate according to the ideas of the organization’s corporate social responsibility while preserving the water and energy resources (Dissolved metals removal from wastewater 2011).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The new technology is based on the pattern of the electric’s membrane separation method of recycling water used at the plants of Mitsubishi (Mitsubishi Electric: a practical water recycling solution 2013). The usage of the technology guarantees the 100% reuse of water with diminishing the environmental risks and increasing the company’s profits.

The wastewater treatment system allows the regulation of microfiltration the heavy metals removal process with minimal risks for the environment. It is necessary to use reverse osmosis technology in order to achieve higher results and control the water purity completely.

If the previously used systems contributed only to save 30% of all the water used in the technological process with its further recycling, now the other 70% will be saved with the help of the technology (Commercial water tanks 2013; Reverse Osmosis Unit 2010).

As a result, the technology meets the requirements of the company’s environmentally responsible strategy and meets the interests of the community, saving the water resources (Toyota Sustainability Report 2012).

The successful implementation of the new technology in the production process requires the effective and cooperative work of the whole organization’s structure.

The main focus is usually on the work of the engineering department, manufacturing department, information systems department, and distribution systems center which should work cooperatively to implement the new technology during the shortest period of time. The business initiative leads to the creation of the effective cooperative environment within the company oriented to the principles of social responsibility.

References Commercial water tanks 2013, viewed 16 April 2013, .

We will write a custom Essay on Toyota Company’s Sustainable Product specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dissolved metals removal from wastewater 2011, viewed 16 April 2013, .

Mitsubishi Electric: a practical water recycling solution 2013, viewed 16 April 2013, .

Reverse Osmosis Unit 2010, viewed 16 April 2013, .

Toyota Australia Sustainability Report 2012, viewed 16 April 2013, .

Toyota Sustainability Report 2012, viewed 16 April 2013, .


Economic Growth by David Weil Essay best college essay help

Table of Contents Facts to be explained

A framework for analysis

Population and economic growth

Human capital

Facts to be explained In this introductory chapter, Weil discusses the aim of the book as well as the important questions that the book answers. The main aim of this chapter is to help the reader to acquaint himself or herself with the topics that the author discusses in the subsequent chapters of the book as well as get the basic flow of the authors works. This part is important, especially for someone with little or no prior knowledge of what development economics entails.

The chapter introduces topics such as the reasons why some countries are richer or poorer than others are. According to the author, this aspect depends on several concepts. For instance, he explains that wealth is a relative term that is definable in various ways. Wealth can be explained from various perspectives including the population point of view, a country’s gross domestic product (GDP), and the military ability.

A country can rank high if the factor under consideration is the gross domestic product and rank lower in the event that the factor in consideration changes to military ability. The author gives an illustration of data from the year 2005 where the United States ranks as the top country out of eleven countries chosen in terms of their GDP. When the variable changes to population, China takes the lead instead.

Weil also states that the difference in the level of income among countries is a factor that contributes greatly as one of the reasons why some countries are richer than others, which he attributes to various reasons. One such reason is the historical factors present in a given country.

Countries that had higher economic growth during the years that followed the Second World War mostly retained this growth, thus ranking better than those that did poorly during the same period. This observation makes sense for the developmental changes that took place during that specific period were different for different countries.

However, some countries such as Japan and other countries that were poor and experienced drastic developmental changes also moved up a few ranks higher than other countries that were previously at the same level.

Another factor the author explains in a more in-depth manner in the book is the method of the comparison made in the determination of the level of economic growth. He states that there is a considerable difference when the basis of determination of economic growth is the total gross domestic product as opposed to a scenario where the determinant factor is the gross domestic product per capita.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main difference between these two is that the GDP per capita is the gross domestic income calculated yearly. The Total GDP is calculated cumulatively over the determinant period, which is usually more than a year, but sometimes less. The difference in the rate of income growth among countries also plays a significant role in the determination of why countries are richer than others are.

For instance, although the economic growth of the United States was slower during the recession, it was still higher than India’s economic growth during a boom. Various factors determine such difference in growth rates that the author explains in subsequent chapters of the book.

When working with growth rates, Weil suggests that using data from recent decades is a good way of doing it. He gives examples of comparisons done between the growth rates of several countries before the year 1820 and those from subsequent years, after 1820.

A framework for analysis This chapter underscores the importance of data analysis in the determination of economic growth as well as the determination of various other factors that contribute to economic growth. Weil indicates that data assist in the accurate determination of variables that affect economic growth and thus aids in the formation of appropriate economic policies, both in microeconomics and macroeconomics.

To start with, he gives a parable of two states, viz. Sylvania and Freedonia. Freedonia produces 36,000 bags of potatoes and 18,000 bags of tea. In contrast, its neighbor, Sylvania, produces 18,000 bags of potatoes and 36,000 bags of potatoes for its consumption. The question that the author poses is what both states would have if Freedonia traded its Potatoes to Sylvania and Sylvania traded all its tea to Freedonia.

The answer is that Freedonia would have 36,000 bags of tea as well as potatoes and Sylvania would have the same. The part that makes it a parable is the fact that each state would seem to have an extra 18,000 bags of either tea or potatoes that do not participate in the trade. In explaining this, the author makes it clear that there needs to be an amount left for consumption and trade within each country.

In practice, this parable is applicable to choices that countries have to make in determining what to produce and trade in the endeavor to grow their economies. He goes further to explain that the best choice for both countries would be to focus on what they produce most and sell it. That way, the two countries benefit without the danger of ending up with more than they need. The aim of this move is to reduce the input and maximize the output.

We will write a custom Essay on Economic Growth by David Weil specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Weil also expounds the importance of data in the creation of accurately efficient policies by using two examples of data processing methods, viz. scatter plots and correlations, and randomized controlled trials. Scatter plots are large bodies of data that resemble regular line graphs in their format. They show how different variables relate to each other and the effect that one variable can have to another.

The way each variable relates to the other is via correlation. The closer the data points come to making a straight line, the higher the correlation meaning that both variables have a big effect on each other. This aspect is helpful in the determination of what variables to keep constant and the ones to adjust. The variables can be any aspect of the economy from population to unemployment.

Randomized controlled trials usually occur in medical research. They involve the random experimentation of various forms of treatment on groups of individuals with exactly the same qualifications and in the same conditions. Control groups are groups of individuals used in experiments.

A comparison between these two methods reveals that although they are both effective, the randomized controlled trials seem more speculative, while the scatter plots are more factual and specific. The randomized controlled trials also generally take longer that the scatter plots in data analysis.

Weil adds that data collected in the past is usable in the present by assessing it for patterns, which makes it easier to make decisions that impart a sense of urgency. For instance, data collected during the great depression could have been usable in evaluating the economic crisis that occurred in 2007/2008.

Population and economic growth The population of a country has an important role to play in the economic growth of a country. In this chapter, Weil explains the connection between population and economic growth. He explains how the rate of growth of the population affects economic growth. He also explores some of the factors that affect population growth and how they result in a variation in the growth of the economy.

There is no clear way of establishing whether growth in population leads to a growth in the economy or not. For this reason, various quantitative methods have been set up over the years to be in a position to bring a sense of predictability to the situation. This move is mainly for the purposes of policy making by governments. The author explains two different modules, viz. the Malthusian model and the Solow model.

The Solow module was the earliest attempt to try to model long-term economic growth in an analytical manner. The module was the work of Robert Solow and Trevor swan. The model mainly exhibits the connection between several factors namely capital goods, labor, investment, and the resultant output.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Economic Growth by David Weil by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In essence, higher population growth would cause a dilution in the applicable capital input. The model is a series of equations that the two scholars first used in the 1950s. However, when using it, Weil advises that it is best to use data as recent as possible in order to achieve desirable results.

The Malthusian Model was developed during the industrial revolution era, after World War 2. It worked on the premise that technological growth led to a growth in the population. However, other factors such as food supply and the availability of other resources balanced this growth. These factors had the effect of reducing per capita income. The result was a stagnation that was eventually broken by the industrial revolution.

Innovations that formed the basis of the industrial revolution had the effect of increasing the economic growth way above population growth. The input was much less than the output thus creating favorable conditions for economic growth. Weil also explains population growth by looking at the factors that contribute to its growth namely fertility and mortality rates.

The mortality rate is a calculation of the life expectancy of a given population. A high mortality rate means that the life expectancy is low, and vice versa. Usually, this factor is calculated using the number of births put against the number of deaths that occur in a population. The result is an expression of the number of years on average that a person should expect to live.

Low mortality rates mean that on average, every person has high chances of living longer. This aspect also means fewer deaths hence a higher growth in population. The author also infers that higher economic growth results in lower fertility for many people choose to work as opposed to giving birth and taking care of children.

This aspect is a matter of quality against quantity. Although the situation leads to the birth of fewer children, the children get better quality lives. These children tend to get a better education and do better in the labor market, thus causing an increase in economic growth. Fewer children mean a decrease in human capital (in the form of education and healthcare services) and a better output due to quality education, thus growth in the economy.

Technology also plays a vital part as far as fertility is concerned. The development of various birth control options leads to a variety of options for women of childbearing age in a given population to choose. It also gives them control over the time they want to have children.

As a result, a country may experience higher population growth in some years and lower growth in others. The result of this scenario is an erratic system that makes it hard to estimate the rate of population growth and consequently the economic growth rate. The government thus has to collect independent data every year in order to make calculations on such estimates.

Human capital The author explains human capital to be the input that the government has to apply to improve the quality of the people that contribute to the economy, which is, in essence, the entire population. The government has to invest in the betterment of the population to obtain the best in terms of labor and consequently the best quality output over the result.

In this chapter, Weil gives some of the forms of human capital that governments invest in during their operations. Health is one of the forms that he mentions as crucial investments for the government. He explains that a healthier work force is more likely to give a better output and grow the economy because people will not spend the precious working time visiting healthcare facilities or lying on beds back at home due to sicknesses.

Countries with poor healthcare may have large workforces but produce little output, and as Weil explains, this assertion holds for a quality labor force produces quality output that is larger in quantity. For example, India’s population is one of the largest populations across the world, which means that compared to the United States, it has a greater work force.

However, due to the state of healthcare, the workforce in India is of inferior quality as compared to that in the United States. The result is that the output in the United States is greater and thus the economic growth is higher.

Another form of human capital that the author mentions is education. He gives a description of the effect that education has on economic growth. According to Weil, the better quality in education has the effect of raising the level of economic growth for it improves the quality of labor available in the country. He adds that human capital in the form of education costs less in comparison to the lack of such an investment.

Any excess in the good quality labor force is also advantageous to the country as the excess labor force is easy to export when it is of good quality.

Therefore, even though in some instances high populations seem to lower economic growth by causing a high input-low output situation (like the example of India given earlier), this scenario is reversible by looking at the high population in terms of a trade commodity. The country can export excess labor as a means of increasing the gross domestic product and consequently the level of economic growth.