In the workplace, employees must often support a professiona
PERSUASION AND BALANCED REPORTINGAssignment Overview
The final case lets you expand critical thinking and debate skills. In the workplace, employees must often support a professional point of view that may be contrary to personal beliefs. This assignment challenges students to understand “both sides” of a business issue and to consider different points of view. Both sides of the argument should be equally powerful so that the reader is unaware of the position that you advocate personally.
Module 4: Case Readings
Overcoming Barriers to Effective Written Communication
Making an Argument
Select one of the topics:
Companies should or should not look at prospective employees’ social media profiles.
Consumer boycotts are or are not effective.
Working remotely is or is not as efficient as working on site.
Group 1 are or are not better managers compared to Group 2. (You define the two groups: gender, age, education, etc.)
Unions are or are not good for American companies.
The government should or should not cap compensation received by CEOs.
Using at least one article from Trident Online Library’s full-text databases, like Academic Search Complete, Business Source Complete and/or Proquest Central, research the chosen topic and create a well-balanced two-page submission that addresses two opposing viewpoints. Do not use any quotations. This paper is written in third-person and will not contain words like I, we, or you.
David Cameron’s first 18 months as Prime Minister Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
After bagging around hundred additional seats in the General elections in May 2010, the Conservative Party came into power together with the Liberal Democrats in Britain and David Cameron became the Prime Minister leading the Conservative/Liberal Democrat Coalition Government (David Cameron, n.d.).
The aim of this coalition government was to form a sturdy and progressive government whose sole objective would be to give preference to the common good and national interest. The values of freedom, fairness and responsibility are the key inspirational factors of this government (David Cameron, n.d.).
Modernisation of his party has always been the prime concern of David Cameron. He was first elected Leader of the Conservative Party in Dec.2005 and ever since he has been giving emphasis to issues like, NHS reforms, adopting environment friendly measures, encouragement to social actions and social justice as Leader of the Opposition. The number of women and tribal minority candidates for the Conservative Party raised significantly during this period (Prime Minister David Cameron’s Biography, 2011).
David Cameron always believed that the society comes first and the politicians are there to work for the people and not to rule them. As the Prime Minister also he has always given importance to social responsibility.
In the first 18 months of his leadership the government has acted in accordance to its mandate by presenting a picture of the Big Society by assuring more power to the common man. Moreover, Britain’s deficit, educational reform policies, health and welfare are some of the other powerful actions taken in the initial few months of David Cameron led coalition government (David Cameron, n.d. ).
Despite the fact that Cameron has a great personality and his performance in the Commons has always been that of a confident leader, his political accomplishments raise a serious question on his role towards the office. Cameron’s focus is observed mainly in keeping the coalition unabated (Many Miles to go, 2011).
He might celebrate some success on the issues like an improved credit rating, success in the half –war in Libya and leading a strong coalition between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats but he seems to act sluggishly in fulfilling the two big promises that he made before last year’s general elections i.e. to combat Britain’s deficit and to provide a makeover to the state.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Though, measures have been taken and bold and clear strategies have been outlined to reduce Britain’s huge deficit by George Osborne, the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The process has just initiated and has saved British sovereign from losing faith in the markets but the progress is unexpectedly slow and unemployment is higher. Mr. Osborne is too stubborn to make alteration in his blueprint as it would indicate government’s incompetence to fight the crises. It would not be wise also with the deficit equal to 9.3%of GDP in 2010-11 (Many Miles to go, 2011).
David Cameron admitted that the government has to hasten with its deficit reduction plans as it was proving “harder than anyone envisaged” while speaking to business leaders at the CBI conference in London (David Cameron: deficit harder to clear than first thought, 2011).
The second promise of redesigning the state is also experiencing problems. It is evident that at a time of hardship announcing public services is quite challenging. Reformation demands lubrication for a smooth progress. But here, the progress is hindered more by the political incompetence and weakness of the government rather than the scarcity of funds (Many Miles to go, 2011).
The coalition government led by Mr. Cameron had initiated a radical reform agenda last year. The state-funded free schools and abundance of independent academies are some of the successful programs. More private providers are assured extended funds on the basis of payment –by—results in the cases like the treatment of drug addicts. Tackling the biased inducement in the universal welfare system is also a major concern of the government (Many Miles to go, 2011).
But there has only been partial success in these arenas. The implementation of these programs is not flawless. The government has not been very strict in taking action against the profit making schools. Rich pensioners are still enjoying the benefits and refurbishment of the broader welfare is going to be complicated and expensive.
The new commissioning structure has left the health reform programs in a disastrous state. Lifting the limit on the university tuition fee left the exchequer with a huge liability. Moreover, the ineffective idea of the “Big Society” wasted much of government’s time and fund. David Cameron’s policy of the rehabilitation program for the criminals also had to face much criticism by the tabloids.
We will write a custom Essay on David Cameron’s first 18 months as Prime Minister specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More All these setbacks are Tories’ own doings so they cannot deceive themselves by holding the Liberal Democrats responsible for it. In spite of all this it is commendable that the people holding top positions in both the coalition parties are likeminded in redesigning the state to make it more accountable and pluralistic (Many Miles to go, 2011).
David Cameron’s successful venture in Libya is praiseworthy and his tactics in used in the Libya victory has convinced many of the disbelievers. His caliber and competence in tackling the riots has also proved him a proficient leader. Rick Nye of pollsters Populous says, “You have seen the hacking, the riots, and Libya, but they are not really game-changers when it comes to their fundamental assessment” (Underhill, 2011).
Recently, Prime Minister David Cameron and Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg announced a £400 million fund for the house building sector. The idea is to support the construction industry and fulfill the desire of many people of having their own home. Besides this, development would be done on more public land funds are reserved for renovating the old and empty houses to bring them back into use. Thus, upto 16,000 homes will have a new start in construction and 3,200 would be reasonable properties.
Officials believe that it will also endorse around 32,000s job. Before this a £500 million Growing Places Fund was also announced by the coalition government. Though Labors consider this move as” small beer” and the government should put in more efforts to uplift the sinking economy which can fight the “perfect storm” in housing ever since the Second World War.
The Prime Minister and Mr Clegg said “With this strategy, we will unlock the housing market, get Britain building again, and give many more people the satisfaction and security that comes from stepping over their own threshold. These plans are ambitious – but we are determined to deliver on them.”
This move has been welcomed by Shadow chancellor Ed Balls. He stated that it is necessary for the government to recognize that the deficit cannot be reduced without getting growth and jobs in our economy and “so I think it probably does show that at last the Government is starting to shift.”
David Orr, chief executive of the National Housing Federation, also praised the Government for trying to deal with the issues. But he added that it is important to show boldness and strength in setting up the wrecked housing market (Government to underwrite mortgages fro first time buyers, 2011).
Another weakness of the coalition government lies in the handling of the health care reforms. Considerable opposition is being experienced by the coalition government over the policies regarding health care reforms. It was necessary to keep on finding ways to benefit the people by providing authentic healthcare and proving that NHS is safe in the hands of the Tories.
Not sure if you can write a paper on David Cameron’s first 18 months as Prime Minister by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Consequently some changes were made to the legislation and amidst criticism from some Liberal Democrats along with the Labor the health bill cleared its Commons stages in September. It might face further criticism in the House of Lords (David Cameron’s NHS ‘support’ claim disputed by staff, 2011).
This plan makes the GPs and other clinicians more accountable regarding the use of the budget in England and promotes competition with the private sector. This has proved to be the most controversial and revolutionary plan in the history of health service (Lords debating NHS shape up bill, 2011).
It is important for Mr. Cameron to realize that his competency would be judged in handling problems tactfully at the domestic front or else the coalition government is going to be in much trouble.He will have to go further in evaluating the problems of budget deficit, flooding immigration, dealing with the issues like collapsing eurozone and the police force not functioning properly (Harris, 2011).
The party leader of the Conservatives is expected to be very responsible and competent owning the party traits like sharp sense, self–discipline, attentive attitude making him more powerful. David Cameron can prove to be a virtuous Prime Minister as he is intellectual, sophisticated and full of energy.
But it is important for Mr Cameron to understand that the Conservatives have showered trust on those leaders only who have shown respect for the party as he seems to be more comfortable with the ideas of the metropolitan liberal elite in spite of having a typically Tory background (Harris, 2011).
It is true that he is a good prime minister and dealing with the current scenario with great courage and confidence. He has worked very hard in the first year for repositioning his Party ideologically. The reduction of some sensitive issues like immigration, Europe, and single parenting he has portrayed Conservatives as an understanding and comprehensive Party.
Issues like work- life-balance, helping the socially dispossessed, promoting environmental friendly measures to deal with the growing climate changes and global warming have been major concerns of the government. Cameron has also given much importance to the betterment of public sector.
Cameron and government his coalition government may be happy with the point they have reached but many of his colleagues seem to be unconvinced and proclaim that he has a long way to go to reach the zenith of his political career (Dorey, 2007).
So, Mr. Cameron needs to put forth all his strength and competency in making this government trustworthy and to prove himself as a leader of an extraordinary and daring administration (Many miles to go, 2011).
Works Cited “David Cameron”. n.d. Conservatives. Web.
“David Cameron: deficit harder to clear than first thought”. 2011. The Telegraph. Web.
“David Cameron’s NHS support claim disputed by staff”. 2011. BBC. Web.
Dorey, P. “A New Direction or Another False Dawn? David Cameron and the Crisis of British Conservatism. 2007”. British Politics (2007) 2, 137–166. doi:10.1057/palgrave.bp.4200051
“Government to underwrite mortgages fro first-time buyers”.2011. Yorkshirepost. Web.
Harris. R. “Dave is intelligent and polished- but he doesn’t understand the Tory party”. 2011. Mailonline. Web.
“Lords debating NHS shake-up bill”. 2011. BBC. Web.
“Many miles to go”. 2011. The Economist. Web.
“Prime Minister David Cameron’s biography”. 2011. 10. Web.
Underhill, W. “David Cameron’s Holiday Boost”. 2011. The daily beast. Web.
Higher Education Funding Essay writing essay help
Developed countries owe their success to higher education, and thus third world countries must emulate this concept to advance themselves. Third world countries have poor education systems that further complicate higher education. Most universities do not have their own income generating projects which leaves them at the mercy of international donors and federal governments (Akkari 34).
The governments put more emphasis on primary and secondary education while ignoring higher education. The governments direct majority of their money towards funding free primary and secondary education. They construct many secondary schools without considering the number of universities that are supposed to absorb those students.
There are few institutions of higher learning that are unevenly distributed in administrative regions. Some provinces do not have their own universities and thus students from such regions have to relocate when they are admitted into the learning institutions.
There have been many instances when the funds meant for higher education projects have been squandered, and since the governments in developing countries are not committed towards ending corruption the donors are discouraged from giving monetary hand outs (Baker and Wiseman 179).
Both teaching and non-teaching staffs are poorly paid and thus learning is regularly halted due to the strikes that are staged by these personnel in their bid to demand for better pay. The lecturers use outdated teaching models but then they are not blame because the governments are supposed to budget for their continuous training programs.
In addition, the learning institutions do not have enough money to construct more structures for the purpose of accommodating many students. In fact, most universities in third world countries have inadequate boarding facilities and the ones that are there are in a sorry state.
This is because they are hardly renovated. Inadequate resources cause the universities to limit the courses that can be studied in their facilities. For instance, only a few universities can offer training in the faculty of medicine and thus such students have to be congested in one or two institutions. This causes the learning institutions to adopt poor university admissions which eventually lead to overcrowded institutions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The poor remuneration packages that are offered to the lecturers do not motivate them but instead causes them to be engaged in other private institutions that offer better pay (Chapman and Austin 174). This causes a negative impact on the quality of education because the learners cannot contact the educators. The other problem revolves around tuition fees, which tend to be constant. Most universities have tried to hike tuition fees, but contrary to their expectations, the learners have never collaborated.
Furthermore, the learning institutions do not manage their own revenue because they are placed under the ministry of education. The officials from the ministries are given the mandate of allocating budgets to the universities. Many intellectuals have criticized this approach because government ministers do not understand the priorities of universities. This constitutes to poor governance in public universities.
The problem involving funding of higher education can be remedied by allowing the university staff to draft their own budget because they know the areas that need more emphasis. Transparency with regard to handling of money should be enhanced through the installation of monitoring systems as well as watchdog committees, which would ensure that money is used for the intended purpose.
The universities should focus on being self reliant instead of depending on handouts from government agencies. This can be achieved by commissioning income-generating projects within and beyond the learning institutions’ compounds. This will ensure a steady supply of income.
Works Cited Akkari, Abdeljalil. “Education in the Middle East and North Africa: The Current Situation and Future Challenges.” International Educational Journal 5.2(2004): 34-36. Print.
Baker, David and Alexander Wiseman. The Worldwide Transformation of Higher Education. Bingley, WA: Emerald Group Publishing, 2008. Print.
Chapman, David and Ann Austin. Higher Education in the Developing World: Changing Contexts and Institutional Responses. Massachusets: Greenwood Publishing, 2002. Print.
We will write a custom Essay on Higher Education Funding specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Apple Store Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The market structure of Apple store is oligopoly. In the market, the Apple store’s iPod represents a vertical monopoly. This is a situation where a particular company has the control of all the aspects of distribution, production and product sales. Although Apple store is not a company on its own, the iPod hold a dominant position in the market1. This paper therefore seeks to discuss the market structure where Apple store operates and why it is in that market.
What the economic theory says about the role of advertising in this particular market and the observation made on the data. The economic profits for the firm both in the short run and long run will also be discussed and whether the data supports the economic theory and how the profit stream can change over time (Zielenziger, 2011).
As stated in the above paragraph, Apple store operates in an oligopoly market structure. The company is also associated with a vertical monopoly market structure. The Apple store company sells its products in various markets across the globe. It does this through its retail outlets like its online store where the company has sold numerous products to consumers and other business enterprises2.
The Apple store has invested in programs that promote reseller sales including ASCP which focuses on certain reseller locations and APRP which provides expertise in products and customer service (Deffree, 2011). The Apple store company also sells some computer products to the agencies of the government and the creative markets falling within its geographical location. These markets are considered fundamental to the third party computer applications and hardware developers.
The better-quality extension and computing recital of the Apple store products turn up to be the major attraction of the consumers within the market location. In addition, the Apple store company provides computer products to the customers within the scientific market just as it does to the information technology markets (Apple Inc., 2011).
The economic theory says a lot in the role of advertising of the Apple store company. According to the economics theory of pricing and revenue, it is very logical that if the price of a product increases, the revenue should increase as a result. Due to the improvement of technology, the Apple store company has been able to produce high quality product which have quite a show of demand.
Even though, the prices of the new products such as the Iphone4 and the new Mac handbook are high, consumers seem to be quite interested in the product3. The hiked prices of the new products should therefore, bring an impact in revenue during a particular period. According to the company’s reports, the revenue has risen from $99.9 billion to $108 billion as at the year 2011 because of the adverts. It is now evident from the economic theory that the role of advertising is very significant in the revenue accruals (Deffree, 2011).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to the economic theory, the role of advertising is sensitive to issues such as in the appreciation of how the customers predispose towards the effects resulting from adverts. Advertising makes an impact to the customers about the products, it creates awareness, evokes an immediate response from the customer, it communicates messages to the target market, it creates favorable reputation and impression about the product and reminds the customer of the features of the product that is offered4.
To economic theory, advertising is important in fulfilling the needs of the customers as far as information about the product is concerned, it consolidates position, encourages product trial, and changes perceptions about the mental repositioning and overcome prejudice. It also reinforces attitudes as well as enthuse the trade and the staff (Apple Inc., 2011).
Economic theory links advertising to the elasticity and inelasticity of demand of a product, the Apple store’s Iphone is easy to analyze. Elasticity in demand of product relies in the accessibility or availability of products that can substitute the basic commodity, income of the consumer which enables him to consume the good and time that a consumer may use to stop using a particular commodity5.
This is observed in the company’s data. It is evident that whenever the product availability to the customer increases, more sales are made and the company realizes more profits and hence positive escalations in the profit data (Zielenziger, 2011).
The economic profits of this company according to the company’s reports rose from $99.9 billion to $108 billion as at the year 2011. This is a positive margin which may have resulted from the opportunities and issues that face the Apple store company. The Apple store continues to expand globally although the universal shortage of expertise and skilled labor continues to affect its competitive edge.
However, the Apple store has the opportunity to exploit emerging markets such as Brazil and India besides utilizing cheap labor available in these economies6. The Apple store has grown to be a market leader in computer and electronic industry based on its humble background. Due to the fact that the Apple store has immense market globally, it has outdone stiff competition in the industry (Apple Inc., 2011).
Conclusion To sum up, the market structure of the Apple store is oligopoly. The paper has described the market structure of the company and stated the role of advertising from the view point of the economic theory as well as the economic profits of the firm as it appears in the short term and long term. It is also evident from the paper that the Apple store represents a vertical monopoly in the market; this is because of the sole control of all the aspects of distribution, production and product sales.
We will write a custom Essay on Apple Store specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More From the illustrations in the paper, it is clear that the company’s profit may change overtime if it considers government regulations and issues that might affect its future. This is clearly supported by the data on its annual report concerning its annual profits. In order to remain competitive and keep a positive profit margin, the Apple store should consider exploiting all the marketing opportunities resulting from the emerging economies (Zielenziger, 2011).
References Apple Inc., (2011). The new, faster MacBook Air. Retrieved from: https://www.apple.com/
Deffree, S. (2011). iPhone 4 supply and demand issues could hurt Apple brand. New York: Cengage Learning.
Zielenziger, D. (2011). Apple’s Report: Annual Revenue Tops $108 Billion. 18th october 2011. Washington : International business times. 11th november 2011.
Footnotes 1 Apple Inc., (2011). The new, faster MacBook Air.
2 Deffree, S. (2011). iPhone 4 supply and demand issues could hurt Apple brand. New York: Cengage Learning.
3 Deffree, S. (2011). iPhone 4 supply and demand issues could hurt Apple brand. New York: Cengage Learning.
4 Zielenziger, D. (2011). Apple’s Report: Annual Revenue Tops $108 Billion. 18th october 2011. Washington : International business times. 11th november 2011.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Apple Store by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More 5 Apple Inc., (2011). The new, faster MacBook Air.
6 Apple Inc., (2011). The new, faster MacBook Air.
Krause Corporation’s Supply Management Case Study cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
To make or Buy
Introduction Management positions entail making of decisions most of which have great effects on the image of an organization. A mistake in decision making committed by one person turn out to be quite expensive to an organization as it may lead to organizational image tarnishing and customers losing trust in the organization. One of the areas that requires careful observation of details in regard to decision-making is outsourcing services to an external party in an attempt to reduce costs. In this paper, a case study on Krause Corporation is discussed.
To make or Buy In the case study, Steve was been instructed to find ways of cutting down the cost of the pipes which were required (Meyer, n.d.). One of the ways to cut down the costs was to opt for purchasing of the pipes required in contrast to making them.
He, however, knew too well that the quest for cost reduction was never to overrun the need to uphold quality. Quality was of top priority; cost reduction, actually, took the second priority. The need to ensure that the quality of pipes was guaranteed was therefore, the very first factor that was to be observed (Meyer, n.d.).
After carrying out a survey, Steve discovered a supplier who seemingly was in a position to meet the needs of Steve of supplying high-quality pipes at a price which was seemingly below the market price (Meyer, n.d.).
If Steve was to go for this option then it could be assumed that he would have achieved his objective of getting quality pipes at a reduced cost. However, with 14 years of experience on supply management, Steve knew that this deal was too good and therefore, there was a need to countercheck the details before he could make a commitment.
The purchase option offered more promise than the make option. It should be noted that with the purchase option the pipes of the specific quality needed would be supplied; another factor to note also is that the standard of pipes that the supplier promised to deliver was seemingly above that which the company could make consistently. The price which was below the market price was another significant factor, which made the purchase option the best to pick.
Considering that the two utmost significant factors were observed in the purchase option, there was a need for Steve to dig for more information about the details of the supplying process in order to ensure that the supplier would be reliable. It is always advisable to ensure that when outsourcing services to a third party, attempts are be made to interact with the third party to clarify the stakes involved (Burt, Petcavage
Decision Making Models Essay essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Application of Rational Decision Making Model to Advertisement
List of References
Introduction In management, it is very critical to make rational decisions that help to minimize challenges associated with investments. Human judgment is an important aspect in the decision making process because it helps to determine the relevance of the decision made, as well to interpret the findings.
However, human judgment leads to misdirected strategic planning in cases where it is faulty. Therefore, to avoid faulty human judgment in the decision-making process, it is imperative for a firm to reflect on adopting a viable decision making model that would facilitate an increase in their sales volume. This paper will focus on a discussion of rational decision-making model, and then delve into its application in the advertisement area of the hotel industry.
Discussion Rational decisional making model takes an approach of highlighting the best decision among a number of alternatives. A case in point for this model is the six-step decision-making process, which involves following six steps before coming up a viable decision. The first step involves defining what the decision maker wants to achieve (Williams 2008: 182).
This necessitates recognising the need for change or decision-making. In this respect, the decision makers should endeavor to answer the following questions: what do we want to accomplish with the decision that we are about to make? Will this decision directly affect the workers or the clients?
How will the workers or clients react to this decision? What will be the pros and cons of making this decision? Will this decision lead us a step higher to achieving our dreams? How will we know that the decision made is successful? After all these questions are addressed, the decision makers can use their personal preferences, values, and interests to determine what is relevant.
A decision criterion that would facilitate achievement of goals should be identified shortly after the decision makers define the problem (Eisenführ et al. 2009: 210). This entails carrying out a research using various alternatives in a bid to analyse how to achieve the proposed decision.
The decision makers have a role of reviewing and weighing the previously identified alternatives in order to award them with the correct priority. This is normally followed by developing a number of viable alternatives for problem solving strategies. However, the alternatives are only listed, but not appraised.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The next stage involves rating the alternatives against the criterion. The already set criterion facilitates a thorough evaluation of the strengths as well as the weaknesses of every selected alternative. Finally, the decision-makers compute the optimal decision based on its strengths and weaknesses. The strengths of this model stems from the following factors:
Situations facing a company can only be successfully analysed if the decision makers come up with ways of defining them explicitly;
Coming up with a number of alternatives facilitates an increase in the level of information, thus creating many options to choose from; and
Effectiveness in the decision making process is enhanced by combining the managers’ knowledge with the specialist expertise of internal and external consulting teams, thus eliminating emotions in the process (Phillips
Industrial Relations: Conflict and Cooperation Report (Assessment) college essay help: college essay help
There is no doubt that both conflict and cooperation are part and parcel of employment relationships. There are different forms of industrial conflicts. These include: Overt (boycotts, pickets, sabotages, strikes, bans, etc); covert (absenteeism, work to rule, theft, go-slow, indifference, etc); individual or collective conflicts; and proactive conflicts.
There are several reasons suggested to explain why industrial conflicts occur. In many cases, industrial conflicts are caused by lack of employment security, moribund managerial control and poor remunerations. In addition, an industrial conflict may emerge when the interests of the employer and his/her employees collide. For example, this may happen when the employer wields control and demand enhanced productivity from his/her workers.
On the other hand, employees may expect an increased remuneration to compensate for their efforts. As a result, an industrial conflict may occur when employees’ earnings are not increased to reflect their efforts. It is thus imperative that employers provide their workers with excellent working environment, increased participation, job security, good management strategies and better earnings in order to avert an industrial conflict.
The state plays an integral role in industrial relations. The characteristics of workplace industrial relations are directly affected by adjustments in the character of state interventions in the labor market. The state intervenes in the labour market by imposing restrictions on managerial prerogatives as well as protecting the reproduction of labourforce.
In the last three decades, the Australian government adopted a corporatist regime as an intervention strategy in the labour market to foster social partnerships between the labour unions, state and employers. During this period, economic concessions (such as wage reductions) were done by the state.
On the other hand, business organizations gained from subdued industrial conflicts as well as low inflation. However, the corporatism accord came to an end when the Howard administration took helm in 1996. The new government modified state policies in order to diminish the role of the state in the economy.
Some of the policy changes included privatization of some sections of the public sector (e.g. abolition of Public Service Board), marketisation of state services and reduction in state expenditure. Although the federal government adopted managerialism and marketisation strategies from mid 1980, it still plays a vital role in the labour market to date.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The basic role of management is to merge, distribute and utilize resources to realize the objectives of the organization. Business organizations employ different management control strategies. Some of these management control strategies are:
Direct control: examples include tight supervision and industrial discretion.
Responsible autonomy: employees are granted autonomy and status at work.
Other forms of controls include: technical control; personalized control; commitment-based control; and bureaucratic control.
There are a number of factors that influence the choice of management control strategy. Some of these factors include: state regulations; market forces; and employee acceptance/resistance. An organization may choose to adopt a management control strategy for a particular group of workers based on several factors. These include:
The need to sustain good working relations with workers: For example, eliminating union workplace may hurt existing relations with workers.
Cultural factors: The choice of the management control strategy is determined by the cultural factors both at the organizational and national level.
Labour market and product market conditions: This entails competition based on quality, price and innovation and surplus or shortages of labour.
State regulations: the state play an important role in the determination of the management control strategy to be adopted by an organization.
The Chronicle of North Korea’s Nuclear Power and Diplomacy Research Paper scholarship essay help
Introduction The war against nuclear weapons developed by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, DPRK remains a delicate and sensitive issue in diplomatic relations between DPRK and other countries around the world. With several nations opposed to the nuclear development program, DPRK has gone through a series of steps and encountered countless challenges in its quest to produce and develop nuclear weapons.
This has led to international conferences and treaties aimed at limiting the progress and chances of North Korea becoming a nuclear power threat to the rest of the world in future (Wampler, 2003). With all these efforts, research indicates that the country’s leadership has had a deaf ear on the calls and maintained their development programs to-date.
In this regard, this research focuses on the historical progress of nuclear strategy in North Korea and how North Korea’s foreign diplomacy and Nuclear affected each other. Of special significance is the nuclear development in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, encompassing both its on-table and under-table activities.
The research furthers synthesizes how DPRK’s pursuit of Nuclear weapons has affected its relationship with countries like the United States, Japan, China, South Korea and other European and Asian states throughout history. Lastly, the paper analyzes the Six-Party talk in terms of its successes and failures with special focus on the current status of the nuclear development program in North Korea.
Nuclear weapons These are highly lethal armaments with the highest known potential of destruction in the world. This ability emanates from fusion and fission reactions which take place in nuclear reactors. Although it later gained its use in the mid 20th century, nuclear weapons breakthrough were made in early 1930s and later applied by several countries during the Cold War.
It is believed that the first fission weapons were developed by the union between the United States, Canada and Britain as a way of counteracting the threat that was being posed by Nazi German bomb scheme during Cold War (World Nuclear Association, 2011). After some of the bombs were dropped on Japan in 1945, the Soviet Union began its development of the Hydrogen bomb.
The U.S and Soviet Union acquired nuclear weapons, which were used during the Cold War. Since then several countries, totaling to nine have acquired these weapons and their proliferation remains a global security threat. Moreover, of substance, controversy and great attention is the nuclear development in DPRK.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More North Korea and Nuclear weapons North Korea is an isolated and relatively small country in Asia but it has remained in the limelight for decades with regard to nuclear power exploration and development of weapons. Its thirst for nuclear weapons has sparked chilly relationships with countries like the United States and South Korea, having been criticized and highly condemned for the manner in which it handles human rights issues. DPRK government is considered to be quite secretive and its borders are highly guarded and sheltered.
North Korea was created after the Second World War, when the DPRK declared its independence in the year 1948 (Kimball, 2011). Early 1950s witnessed the Korean War when DPRK invaded the South after their declaration of sovereignty. The war claimed more than two million Koreans and came to a halt after a peace agreement that was reached in 1953.
Nuclear development in DPRK It is believed that North Korea, also known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korean has nurtured its interest in nuclear power and weapons since 1950s. Although there are no known operating nuclear reactors in the country, there are massive development programs which have remained part of the epicenter of global nuclear power threats (Wampler, 2003).
While others argue that North Korea developed its nuclear plants and weapons decades ago, the following segments summarize some of the steps which DPRK has undergone to achieve its current global ranking in nuclear matters.
Chronology of events DPRK’s nuclear program began in mid 20th century, precisely 1950s during the reign of Kim il-Sung, a time when most scientists from North Korea received practical training in the Soviet Union (Moltz
The Journey of One Buddhist Nun: Even Against the Wind Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The essay is based on the book The Journey of One Buddhist Nun: Even against the Wind. To accomplish the desired task, the two questions are being answered purely using this book. The book generally tells a story of a woman known as Wabi who resorted and sought to become religious.
In her quest to doing so, she faces various huddles as well as difficulties. Ideally the story is told of her experiences as she worked towards being a maechi (Sid 23). The first question is with regards to why did Maechi Wabi ‘go forth’. According to the author, Wabi decided to go forth after realizing that she was fully discontented and dissatisfied with the idea of reaching adulthood and becoming a mother like her own mother. She hated the idea of constantly taking care of the others and working (Sid 74).
It was predetermined during her time that when she grows up, she is to assist her mother to take care of her siblings and work hard to earn money to buy food. In Buddhism, going forth simply means the act or situation where one, especially a monk or a nun, leaves his/her homes and decides to lead a homeless life, so that they can be deliberated from lust. Based on Buddhism, those who go forth are usually individuals who seek to get rid of the sorrows of birth and diseases, old age and death.
According to Buddhism, Buddha decided to go forth so that he could teach people what he had learned and discovered. The four major things that he taught were the following ones.
First, life usually ends in death; second, the cause of human suffering in life is because of our bad deed; third, end of desire results in end of suffering, and the last issue is that the man has to follow the right way and seek for divine truth which is within us. The story is indeed basis for Buddhism as it tells us about the day to day activities of those who practice the faith (Sid 34).
Maechi Wabi developed a very negative attitude towards men because the society honored religious men and scorned at religious women, thus disrespecting the females. The behaviors of her father contributed greatly to her resentment of men, this is because her father was greatly opposed to her will of being a nun because he wanted her to grow into a woman who would be able to take care of her own family and raise her own children, thus contributing to the societies development.
Wabi’s father was not pleased with the way the society and the women in particular were transforming. This is evident from the change in the roles and behaviors of the Thailand women. He stated the society to become promiscuous and females to begin developing anti-social behaviors that were not expected of them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is the issues that Wabi expressed in the book later on. Wabi’s father played a very significant role in developing his daughter’s religious life and also making her more determined to meet her goals; this is a result of his constant resent to her idea of being a nun. Wabi’s father realized that his resentment to his daughter’s decisions would not change her view, but would only contribute to her desire to fulfill her dream and support her in her quest of becoming a nun (Sid 98).
As suggested by Sid (100), Wabi’s father encouraged his daughter to be what she wanted to be without backing down on her ambitions. These words of encouragement definitely played a significant role in ensuring that she would become a nun and thus achieve her goal; her father is also involved in altering the mindset of the men in the society, thus they should have started appreciating the religious females in the society. This definitely changed the society’s perception on religious women.
I think that Wabi’s father was a role model to her in some way. This is because he was a very hard working man who would not take anything to chance and would also stand straight to his words without changing his mind. This attitude gave her the courage to pursue her ambitions without second thoughts.
Work Cited Brown, Sid. The Journey of One Buddhist Nun: Even Against the Wind. New York: State University of New York Press, 2001. Print
Request for Specific Levels of Funding and Resources Report (Assessment) college admission essay help: college admission essay help
The product we are going to implement is absolutely new for consumers, so internal investment may be available for business. Requesting for internal investment, we are going to point to new marketing strategies and expansion where funded resources are going to be spent.
The chocolate business which is going to be led has financial resources to undertake internal investment (Sprague, 2008). The business should try to spread as much as possible information about the specifics of the business to the potential internal investors to make those interested in the revenue they are going to receive in the future.
A corporate business sponsor is a good opportunity for the company. Having conducted a research it was concluded that there is a sponsor who is ready to finance this kind of business. ING Australia Holdings Limited and ING Australia Pty Limited are the Australian departments of the ING Corporate Investments B.V.
This organization is ready to invest its corporate finances in business which is a strong niche player. Having developed a new niche on the market, the organization should show the priorities and benefits of this business. Having only a business plan, this organization should show its best sides to ING, pointing to the minimal risks.
The development potential should be shown as well. Robust cash flow substantiated forecast is obligatory if “Indulge” wants to get corporate investment from ING Corporate Investments B.V.
This organization also declares other requirements for the company which is interested in being invested, namely engagement of other shareholders, experiences and skilled management, the possibilities for the creation of the value and main requirement is that h business should be understood for the company (ING 2011).
Other Required Resources Except for funding and financial resources, business requires other types of resources, like people, assets, and a business plan. Having searching for investment, it is obvious that we are going to use other people’s resources. Thus, the rent of the space and equipment with the opportunity of further buy-out is a good start for the shop.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Being a simple business, the use of outside advisors may be a good alternative as, still, some decisions should be made in marketing, management, advertising, shop running, etc. Dwelling upon other resources in business, it should be mentioned that it is possible to reduce the costs by means of employing graduate students.
Their services are not very expensive as they lack experience, but the fresh ideas they have are really great. There should be a person responsible for business liability, harassment, and risks. The services of attorney may be used if they are necessary, thus this resource should be outsourced only in emergency cases.
An accountant is a human resource which is inevitable in our case. Internet resources also become important for business development and modeling dynamic online services. It is necessary to create a web site of the company with the novelties offered in the shop and an opportunity to place orders for delivering in the near located offices (like an additional service).
Thus, using only the necessary activities in the organization, it is possible to minimize and marshal resources, which is a guarantee of a successful business. There is no necessity to keep much staff is a shop, different human resources may be outsources when they are necessary. But, it is important to draw the line and employ the required number of resources (Stevenson 2007).
Reference List ING 2011, ‘ING Corporate Investments B.V.’, Commercial Loans, https://www.ing.com.au/home-loans/commercial-loan.html
Sprague, C 2008, ‘Cash Flow’, Cash Flow — Research Starters Business p. 1.
Stevenson, HH 2007, ‘Resource requirements’, in JA Timmons
Smoking Ban in the State of Florida Essay argumentative essay help
Florida enacted a policy to regulate indoor tobacco smoking in July 2003. The aim of this policy was to outlaw smoking in some specific enclosures except in private residences and other selected areas.
The state spends about $ 60 million yearly in controlling tobacco and its related diseases. There is room to reduce this amount substantially if the state puts in place an effective smoking ban policy. This paper looks at policy options and suggests the best.
Of the 17.5% of the Florida’s population who are tobacco smokers, 18.5% are male while 16.4% are female. The state has an annual mortality of about 28,600 people because of tobacco related ailments. It also incurs an expense of up to 25% of its revenue from excise taxes to control tobacco. The majority of smokers in Florida agree that smoking bans are justified.
The current policy came into effect after some amendments of a policy on smoking ban. The quest to come up with such a policy started in 1985.
This current policy only affects workplaces and restaurants. Its major aim is to protect people from the effects of secondhand smoke. The policy, however, leaves out other players in the game, the supplier and the retailer.
Three policy options exist from which the administration can choose. These are the Total Ban Policy, the Partial Ban policy and the Liberated Smoking policy.
The total ban policy entails abolishing smoking in all public places and increasing sales tax on cigarettes. As much as this policy is authoritarian, it aims at protecting the interests of the public whose majority are non-smokers. The policy is in work on about 48% of the American population (Taub, 2006).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The rationale of this policy is that since tobacco smoking causes killer lung diseases, it is important to protect the people from such smoke and allow only those who intentionally expose themselves to the effects of the smoke.
The policy is authoritarian and ignores the interests of the smokers. It also suggests increase in taxes, which is likely to lower the profits of tobacco companies and hence make them to oppose the policy.
The partial Ban policy suggests an exemption in smoking ban by licensing some areas or establishments. It also proposes an increase in sales tax and the exemption of some public smoking zones by the municipal authorities.
The proponents of this policy suggest that proper ventilation can mitigate the effects of second hand smoke. The rationale of this policy is that people choose to smoke for various reasons, some of which are justifiable medically.
The Liberated Ban policy suggests a partial ban to all public areas and establishments, an increase of the sales tax to $ 1 per pack, registration of all establishments allowing smoking and these should provide well-ventilated smoking zones.
The rationale of this policy is that people smoke voluntarily and therefore the state should not interfere with their freedom. The only thing the state can do is to restrict the extent to which an individual’s freedom affects others. This policy is likely to face criticism from anti smoking campaigners because it does not hold the interests of the public.
The first policy is inappropriate for Florida because the state’s smokers are aware of the effects of smoking and are willing to stop. The second policy is viable because it provides options that are within reach.
We will write a custom Essay on Smoking Ban in the State of Florida specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, it will make the smokers secluded just like the first policy. The third policy changes the approach to the fight against smoking making people to take it as their own problem. It is also economically feasible. This makes it the best policy option for Florida.
In conclusion, the best policy option is that which can bring all the involved parties into harmony and help people to participate in governance by civil obedience and positive involvement in policy enforcement.
Reference List Taub, D. (2006).California Town Makes It Tougher to Smoke in Public. Web.
Business strategies in action Report (Assessment) best essay help: best essay help
Introduction The recent years have been characterized by dramatic business shifts, from equity-based to non-equity based structure of partnership. The great shifts are attributed to research and development activities that have recently dominated the world with an intention of improving scientific and technological knowledge.
The environment of business has also experienced drastic changes, requiring business ventures to take a direction that enhances its competitiveness in a dynamic world.
More over, change is always inevitable since it paves a way for new strategies implementation within business environments. The transition is also responsible for more business productivity and performance (Cantwell and Molero, 2003).
This assessment is aimed at providing a critical assessment of the major causes of business shift from equity-based to non-equity based partnerships. It will also consider the broad changes in the business and technological environment, as well as the features of both equity and non-equity based inter-firm partnerships.
Features of both equity and non-equity based inter-firm partnerships. Two basic models of partnership have been in existence in the business environment. The equity and non-equity based partnerships, though operate in similar business environment, have quite distinct features.
Equity-based partnerships are defined by a linkage of two or more companies forming an organizational unit that is controlled by two or more parent companies. They resemble semi-independent ventures, which are organized hierarchically.
At the same time, they can act independently to perform specific typical functions, including manufacture of products, selling, marketing functions etc. They are mainly characterized by a legalized firm formation that operates indefinitely, where the parent companies share resources, knowledge and collaborate in all activities.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More More over, operations management is shared equally among the firms in the control of the independent firm. The long relationship firms established are geared towards enhancing competitive advantage, access to markets and business sustainability (Contractor, 2002).
On the other hand, non-equity partnerships are characterized by relationships that are informal since are formed on contract foundations. They are usually short-term agreements between ventures of choice by a particular company.
For instance, Magna International Inc, a known distributor of technologically developed automotive systems has joined hands with other companies, specifically those that manufacture automotives, i.e General Motors, Ford Motor, Honda companies etc.
These ventures require minimized kind of commitment unlike the equity-based ones, since are based on the principle of outsourcing. This entails engagement of companies in activities that can create value and primary support, in areas that are hard for operation by a single venture.
Less experience is needed since the organizations in contract do not have to share equally their knowledge, resources and control in addition to market and equity shares. Thus, their formation is simple and their formation is aimed at accomplishing a specific project within a given period of time (Contractor, 2002).
Changes in the business and technological environment Modern developments have paved way for rampant transitions in both the business and technological environment. Competition has dominated the business environment in the recent years due to the increased number of ventures producing similar products.
At the same time, acquiring competitive advantage in the business field has become quite demanding to an extent of overwhelming single businesses in their operations. The fast-paced world today has embraced outsourcing as the best business strategy to gain competitive advantage, a reason for formation of non-equity based joint ventures.
We will write a custom Assessment on Business strategies in action specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More More over, there is an arising need for enhancement of corporate social responsibility in the current environment, which calls for more outgoing strategies that the former (Uddin
Economics of New York Essay essay help online
Introduction New York is one of the globally recognized cities due to its high economic development. The city’s economic growth has undergone several developments from the previous decades to date. This essay highlights most of this progress. The first section explains the city’s overall economic performance.
The second section focuses on the city’s current state with respect to sectoral distribution. The third part highlights the evolution of the city’s economy in the immediate past. The fourth part describes the drivers of the economic changes.
The fifth section focuses on the part played by public authorities in the city’s structural changes. The sixth part is about the city’s main problems and suggested economic strategies that can be applied in addressing the problems. The final part is the conclusion.
The overall performance of New York City’s economy The improvements of New York City’s economic development have benefited both households and firms. This is from 1975 during which New York encountered a serious financial crisis. From that time New York ceased depending so much on debt finance, lowered property based taxation besides improving its financial reports.
Although the overall tax burden has been high, there has been a sharp reduction in the amount of tax used in offsetting short – term loan. Firms and households have also greatly benefited from development in the city’s public transport network which occurred especially towards the end of the nineteenth century.
A location’s attractiveness especially to investment is enhanced by public safety. During 1980s when New York City experienced an economic boom, crime rate was quite high but reduced drastically in 1991 during a recession. This trend went on for the next decade.
Study shows that a sharp decline in the city’s crime rate was experienced in its poorest areas (Okuyama