Peer Assessment As A Teaching Strategy Qualitative Research Essay Argumentative Essay Help

The scene for the study to unwrap in The study in question, i.e., the analysis of the efficacy of peer assessment on the performance of low-ability 7th grade students as the latter develop the reading skills required for a Shakespeare class, is going to occur within a specific setting. The performance of low-ability high school students in a Shakespeare reading class is going to be evaluated after the application of a peer assessment strategy.

In order to define the changes in the academic performance of low-ability students, it will be necessary to carry out several evaluations. First, the overall assessment of low-ability and high-ability students and their understanding of Shakespeare is going to be carried out prior the research.

Then, the peer assessment itself is going to take place, with the supervision of the instructor and the provision of specific instructions by the latter to the students. Afterwards, the second overall evaluation of low-ability and high-ability students will be conducted in order to define any changes that may have occurred in the course of the research.

For the study results to be as objective as possible, the choice of several student groups can be suggested. Thus, it will be possible to define the common tendency within the specified groups and to locate the average value of the change in low-ability students’ performance.

As far as the low-ability students are concerned, choosing the learners with a particular health issue does not seem reasonable, since it will hinder the objectivity of the results. The research is aimed at identifying the success of application of peer assessment among all types of students with low abilities; therefore, no further specifications concerning the health issues should be made.

It is also imperative that the study should be carried out within the setting of a traditional school with no ability grouping so that the low-ability learners could be provided with enough peer support.

Peer assessment for low-ability students The study aims at identifying the effects, which the incorporation of a peer assessment intervention and a teaching strategy based on supervising is going to have on low-ability seven grade students. It is expected that the integration of peer assessment techniques will contribute to the overall attainment to the existing standards and the improvement of the overall performance of the students.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The methods of teaching low-ability students the basic skills, which they will require as learners in order to advance in their academic life, are quite different. Some sources claim that students with low learning abilities require a specific setting and, therefore, must study in a unique environment that allows for meeting these needs.

Other sources claim that low ability learners must advance academically in the traditional setting so that these students could improve their skills and should not be ostracized to the point where they would feel uncomfortable in the process of communicating with other people (Cohen et al. 2011).

Though both sides provide ample evidence to prove their point, the concept of introducing diversity into schools by allowing various types of students within a classroom setting seems the most legitimate way of addressing the needs of young learners (Smith 2011).

The lack of basic reading skills and the concept of the subject in general, which the students display, call for a reconsideration of the teaching strategy. In the course of six lessons, the teacher will scaffold the students through a series of peer assessments, which will help raise the overall performance rates among the learners.

It is assumed that peer assessment will promote learning among the students, therefore, enhancing their enthusiasm. Moreover, the low-ability learners will be able to acquire information from their peers, which must help low-ability learners understand the subject better.

The issue can be witnessed among thirteen low-ability students in the Year 7 English class. With a previous record of studying in a secondary school environment, the students have developed problems understanding the key principles of spelling, punctuation and short sentence structure.

As they enrolled in the school, the students were tested with the help of the Baseline assessment including 80 questions on spelling, a comprehension test and a test on the rules of grammar. The results retrieved in the process allowed for locating the problem and showed that the students needed a major improvement in their spelling skills and the knowledge of grammar rules (average results ranged from 3c to 4a; however, the KS2 results showed a tendency of 4a to 5a).

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Peer Assessment as a Teaching Strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, two of the students have language issues, being EAL learners and belonging to an ethnic minority. In three out of five students, SEN is diagnosed, and one student out of five has either ADHD or dyslexia. As far as the school environment is concerned, the institution is represented by an 11–16 mixed comprehensive school within a suburban setting.

1281 students of mostly White British background attend the school. The school gained academy status in 2011, when it was recognized as a specialist art college, and has an intake of approximately 250 students per year. The school is planning to accommodate a six-form college in 2015 for the first time in the history of its development.

The school staff focuses on developing learning and teaching ideas; the staff members have created a workshop and had several in-service training days, in the course of which the teaching staff was provided with updated instructions on teaching strategies and trained appropriately.

Essentially the school lends itself well to the town as one of the leading schools in terms of achievement and attainment; with 80% of students in 2014 achieving five or more GCSE’s including English and Maths. In the English department itself, 88% achieved A-C in English language, and 5 out of those 251 students achieved an A*. In English literature, 82.3% achieved A-C grades, with 9 out a total of 172 obtaining A* also.

The data provided above show that the students in the specified school have a potential and that an efficient strategy may help them in excelling in English literature. It is obvious that students need to receive clearer instructions in order to advance in their English reading class. Peer assessment, in its turn, may become a powerful tool in this attempt at boosting the performance of low-ability learners.

In January 2014, the school scored a ‘Good’ mark in their Ofsted Inspection, and a ‘2’ grading in all findings, as the report says. In order to be ‘Outstanding’ and to improve further, great attention needs to be paid to the quality and consistency of marking and feedback, so that the students are clearer in what they need to do in order to improve their work.

According to the Ofsted report on the survey inspection programme introduced by the organisation, “the manner in which assessment, including the use of precise assessment information, is an integral part of all teaching and learning; as a result teaching is being matched extremely well to the class and to individual students” (Steer 2010, para. 5).

The incorporation of a peer assessment principle into the learning strategies for the low-ability students can be viewed as an efficient solution of the issue in question; however, a more detailed analysis of the peer assessment method will be required so that the students could be motivated for excelling in their academic life.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Peer Assessment as a Teaching Strategy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Specifically, the necessity to check the students’ understanding of the material, the ability to read fluently, the skill of placing new vocabulary elements into the proper context and the knowledge of the elements of literary analysis, as well as the ability to apply the specified knowledge to a practical task should be tested.

The goals of the research can be achieved by providing students with detailed instructions concerning peer evaluation, a clear and concise set of grading principles, and to develop a flexible teaching strategy, which will help implement the aforementioned peer assessment successfully and provide low-ability learners with the required instructions.

In favour of the peer evaluation approach, one must mention that there is a vast evidence of peer assessment not being used widely enough. The full potential of the specified method of improving students’ understanding of the subject, therefore, has not been explored yet and needs to be researched to a greater degree.

Literature review Theoretical framework

Though the idea of allowing students, and low achieving ones at that, to check the correctness of the work of their peers might seem lacking in insight, the phenomenon of peer assessment is based on a solid theory. Friedman, Cox and Maher (2007) explain that the phenomenon of peer assessment aligns with the key tenets of the Expectancy Theory and the motivation approach to teaching that the above-mentioned theory suggests.

Among the key problems of peer assessment, the lack of proper knowledge on the subject matter, as well as the major assessment strategies among learners should be named. Indeed, students have a rather vague idea of the merits that academic endeavours must be evaluated on (Falchikov


Conflict Resolution in the Workplace Term Paper best college essay help: best college essay help

Abstract Conflicts within the work environment are very common. They are caused by both internal and external factors. Well managed conflicts act as a medium for change and may have a positive effect on employees.

On the contrary, if conflicts are not managed well, they may have a negative impact on job performance and employee satisfaction. In the health sector, the performance and conduct of the employees are very important since they have an impact on the patient’s health and lives.

This paper will analyze ethical decision-making dilemma in conflict management in the Florida Department of Health. The paper will address the most significant ethical decisions that have been made to tackle conflicts in the Florida Health Department.

Introduction Disagreements within work environment are unavoidable. If managed prudently, such disagreements can act as a medium for change and may have a positive effect on workers. On the contrary, if conflicts are not managed well, they may have a negative impact on job performance and worker satisfaction.

When disagreements are ignored by the management, it gives an idea that unacceptable job performance and unfortunate conducts are tolerable. Unacceptable job performance and poor conduct on the part of the employees can have an impact on the overall morale of the employees, which consequently can lead to low productivity (Maldonado, 2012, p. 1).

Well managed conflicts are most common in organizations and institutions that encourage open communication, teamwork, regular response and prompt resolution of conflicts. Open communication and teamwork promotes the flow of new ideas and reinforces work relations, which in the long run boosts employee confidence.

On the other hand, regular response and prompt resolution of conflict enhance job performance and employee satisfaction (Classen


The Affordable Care Act and Benefits Management Research Paper college admissions essay help

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (hereafter referred to as the ACA), which was signed into law on March 23, 2010, by President Barrack Obama, presents a new paradigm shift in terms of how employers in the United States proceed in the management of employee benefits (Deloitte, 2013).

Indeed, as suggested in the accruing literature, the ACA generates novel requirements and options for employers’ future benefits decisions particularly in providing affordable insurance coverage to employees and intensifying their access to health insurance either through personal mandate or through already evolving Medicaid expansion programs (Deloitte, 2013; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2013; Schuman et al., 2013).

This paper brings the real issues surrounding the ACA and benefits management into the fore by presenting the findings of an interview with the benefits manager of a service-oriented company employing more than 250 full-time workers in the United States.

From the onset, the interviewee agreed that the ACA has the capacity to substantially shift the American workplace and workforce, in large part due to the important obligations that employers are expected to assume to expand employees’ insurance coverage.

The manager acknowledged that health insurance coverage forms a critical component of employee benefits management and that his organization has invested heavily in the development of a comprehensive health insurance plan for all employees.

As acknowledged in the literature, the ACA “requires employers with more than 200 employees to automatically enroll employees into health insurance plans offered by the employer” (Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2013, p. 1).

As a matter of fact, the interviewee suggested that the company was investing heavily on a policy that will enable the organization to gain access to new avenues to purchase employee health benefits with the view to providing a wider choice of plans and enhanced affordability through more transparent and competitive means.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More When asked if the company would be able to adequately cover its employees as demanded in the ACA, the interviewee acknowledged that the Act was shifting healthcare costs to employers rather than encouraging cost-sharing and plan design.

To deal with this scenario, the interviewee hinted that the organization was considering reducing other benefits accruable to employees and also shifting other expenses to employees so that it can have the capacity to provide employer-funded health insurance coverage.

This view is supported in the literature, with the report by Deloitte (2013) acknowledging that a similar employer-sponsored insurance coverage in Massachusetts caused employers to recalibrate “their coverage by scaling back benefits and increasing employee cost-sharing and financial responsibility” (p. 13).

According to the interviewee, reducing other employee benefits to fund the new Act is the only reasonable thing to do for middle-level organizations that neither benefit from the economies of scale open to large organizations nor utilize the various tax credits open to small companies.

Lastly, when asked to state the viability of the ACA in enhancing employee benefits, the interviewee acknowledged that the Act was not justified owing to its adverse effects on overall employee benefits as organizations use available financial resources to purchase health insurance for employees with the view to expanding coverage.

Indeed, the interviewee was of the opinion that some of the provisions of the ACA were making organizations to reduce the monetary allocations earmarked for other benefits to expand health insurance coverage for employees, though this did not translate to improvements in health care delivery or reductions in health care costs.

As indicated in the literature, the Act continues to receive widespread criticism for its incapacity to control health care costs or enhance health care delivery system (Deloitte, 2013; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2013), and also for its predisposition to redirect substantial benefits into health insurance coverage at the expense of other equally important issues dealing with employee benefits such as paid leaves, pensions and bonuses (Rosenbaum, Teitelbaum,


Concept of Poverty Definition Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Introduction Poverty is a widely useful and common concept in many spheres of socioeconomic development. Albeit a universal concept, many people have different conceptions of the term. In fact, Misturelli and Heffernan (2010) say the concept has different clusters of meanings and definitions.

Other researchers believe the evolving nature of poverty contributes to its varied meanings. The discourse analysis of Misturelli and Heffernan (2010) was among the first research studies to document how the evolving nature of poverty gave it different meanings and definitions. Pantazis, Gordon and Levitas (2006) take a pragmatic construction of this argument by arguing that most people cannot define poverty in any way that they like.

The discourse, or subject areas, of these meanings provide the differences. This paper builds on these arguments by reviewing different conceptions of the term.

Poverty as a measure of low income Since the 1880s, researchers have come up with three main conceptions of the term – “subsistence, basic needs and relative deprivation” (Talbot, Madanipour


Company’s CSR Initiatives Relation to Employee Retention Proposal college admission essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Statement of research question

Proposed methods



Introduction This research seeks to find answers to questions on how a company’s CSR initiatives affect its employee retention. The research questions that this research will address include the extent to which companies involve their employees in CSR initiatives, how involvement of employees in CSR activities affect their decision to stay, and the extent of variation in terms of involvement of low-level employees and executive employees in CSR activities.

The question of how company’s involvement in CSR and how it affects turnover and retention is remarkable since every company is interested in retaining its pool of talents. A well-researched response to the query that this proposal puts across will be used to solve the problem of employee turnover, which has been a major issue that faces companies in the Kingdom of Sound Arabia (KSA).

Statement of research question Companies will also use CSR as a tool for internal marketing in a bid to pull the employees closer. When employees become good corporate citizens, their interest to turnover will be reduced.

This claim has been proven by companies such as General Motors and General Electric, which have deployed CSR in the KSA where it (CSR) is still seen as a programme for giving back some profits to the community, rather than upholding it for the sake of company employees.

The cost of carrying out CSR is low in relation to the cost that is incurred because of turnover. The proposal seeks to confirm whether communicating and integrating effective CSR within the workforce can have multiple benefits to the community, top employees, and the lower employees. To be inclusive in the survey, the target segment will comprise low-level and senior employees.

Concern of HR Manager with information-withholding by employees

Some employees may withhold information concerning their intention to quit or stay in an organisation. Withholding of information in fear of victimisation by the management will result in a distorted data and hence wrong results and analysis. Therefore, the HR will disclose the issue to the targeted employees that the gathered data will be used only for this research purposes and that employees should not write personal details in the questionnaires.

Findings of this research will help the organisation to boost its performance since it will elicit insight on the feelings of employees about involvement or failure to participate in CSR initiatives. Intentions of employees to quit or remain will help organisations to plan on retention strategies.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Theoretical framework

According to Glavas and Kelley (2014), the issue of corporate social responsibility in businesses can be traced back to 1953. From another perspective, Powell, Davies, and Norton (2013) reveal that a company that has good corporate citizenship programmes experiences low turnover rates.

According to a research by Jones, Willness, and Madey (2014), company’s involvement in CSR has been used in attracting potential employees while at the same time retaining the current ones in America. This research confirms that employees want to remain in a company that not only values corporate citizenship but also one that has an environment that is conducive for employees to thrive.

In his research, Mellat-Parast (2013) observes that although there has been an increase in companies’ involvement in CSR activities, only few of them in the KSA are reaping the expected benefits. Sanchez-Hernandez and Grayson (2012) assert that big companies such as General Electric and Cisco have adapted the application of CSR as a facet of internal marketing. From another angle, Girard and Sobczak (2012) reveal how secondary researches declare corporate citizenship a remedy for employee turnover.

CSR has worked in internal marketing in such companies since employees understand and own companies’ values. Moreover, Mellat-Parast (2013) says that employees want to be associated with such values for their personal growth. A CSR strategic plan should incorporate the needs of every employee.

A review of secondary researchers shows a positive relationship between CSR and customer retention (Bhattacharya, Sen