Organizational Analysis And Design Case Study Writing Essay Help

Introduction The analysis of the OAD case regarding two companies enables the students to understand the importance of management style in the overall performance of the organization. Those who will analyze the details pertaining to the case will come to realize that the management of a particular organization is dependent on leadership and management style of the top executive and how he or she deals with the different factors that affect the organization (Wasson, 2006, p.12).

In this particular case it is important to focus not only on the management style of the two leaders but also on the different factors that contributed to the outcome of the bidding war. It is of great importance to learn from the lessons that can be gleaned from this study, especially when it comes to developing strategies to ensure the sustainability of the company.

It can be argued that ACME was at the right place at the right time and they benefited from high demand of electronic products. But in an instant the circumstances can change so quickly and it may not favor them the second time around.

Background Both Acme and Omega came from the same parent company. When the parent company was bought by a Cleveland manufacturer the buyer had no interest in the electronics division of the said company. Thus, this division was subsequently divided into two smaller companies based on the location of their respective manufacturing facilities. Thus, the facility located in Waterford, Pennsylvania became the Acme Electronics Company while the facility located in Erie became the core component of the Omega Electronics Company.

The two investors retained the core personnel that were working at the time when they bought their respective businesses. But Acme promoted its general manager to President while Omega hired an outsider, to fill in the position of president of the company.

In the former it was the promotion of someone who has known the electronics business for a very long time especially when it comes to the projects that both Acme and Omega are competing against. On the other hand Omega hired someone from a research laboratory. This professional background would play a major role in the development of Jim Rawl’s leadership philosophy that he utilized in dealing with the problems he encountered at Omega.

The different approaches to hiring the top leader of the company can help explain why Acme surpassed Omega in all aspects of the business. Acme is more profitable than Omega. Acme can hire more people than its rival. This means that it is able to secure more contracts and expected to work on more projects as compared to Omega. However, both companies will be tested when they come across a project that forced them to build from scratch.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Linkage to OAD This case relates to the issue of organizational structure (Daft, 2007, p. 99). It highlights the pros and cons of two types of organizational structures: the organic versus the mechanistic structure of corporate governance. It is important to tackle this issue and based on the details of the case there are certain ramifications if a leader chooses organic over mechanistic form of management.

In this particular case the author made a clear argument that there is no method that can be used to deal with any specific issue or problem that would crop up in the course of a business cycle. However, there are principles that can be observed based on how Rawls and Tyler dealt with the situation. In the end management styles and leadership principles are overly dependent on the context of the issues that the leader has to deal with.

Compare and contrast the management styles of Acme and Omega.

Omega utilized an organic management style. This is based on the philosophical beliefs of the CEO Jim Rawls. It requires a certain leadership philosophy to develop a management strategy that relies more on networking and maintaining close relationships with co-workers.

It is easy to understand why many leaders prefer this management style as opposed to the more formal method utilized in big corporations. In most cases, organic management styles are common in small firms. Due to the size of the company the CEO can afford to use a more personal approach. A more technical term is the utilization of a flat structure as opposed to the hierarchical structure found in most firms (Baligh, 2006, p.15).

The second reason why an organic style is chosen over a mechanistic form of management has something to do with the history of the firm. In the case of Omega, the company was an offshoot from a bigger firm. Jim Rawls was an outsider and therefore he has not mastered the form and function of an electronics company.

His former job required him to oversee an electronic research laboratory. Although a research firm focused on developing cutting-edge technology for the electronics market has many things in common with an electronic manufacturing firm it can also be argued that these two are worlds apart.

The laboratory background of Jim Rawls also explains why he utilized a flat structure and insisted that he did not believe in the importance of organizational charts. In the laboratory there is a greater need for collaboration because engineers and scientists are dealing with theoretical problems and issues that they have never encountered beforehand. Thus, they need to build professional working relationships that entail sharing of information.

We will write a custom Case Study on Organizational Analysis and Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More John Tyler on the other hand believes in creating an organization that is managed like the military. Precision and speed is of utmost importance in a manufacturing facility. An electronics laboratory can afford to make mistakes and can afford to have slight delays in their projected goals.

This is based on the fact that the laboratory does not have a clear deadline when it comes to the delivery date of their products. People working in the laboratory do not have to worry about the cost of the experiment because they are paid to produce experimental results. But there is nothing experimental with a manufacturing firm. The sub-contractors like Acme and Omega are expected to deliver on time and with lowered costs.

How do the differences between the companies’ management styles explain the way they coordinated the production of the prototypes?

These two types of management styles were heavily contrasted when Acme and Omega were faced with a new challenge. In the past they had to manufacture printed electronic circuits. But at the decade of the 1960s came to a close, printed electronic circuits was about to be taken over by integrated circuits.

As a consequence both Acme and Omega had to find new markets to be able to utilize the full power of their manufacturing facilities. In 1966 a photocopier manufacturer asked both companies to submit 100 prototypes of an internal memory unit that is built into the copier. This project requires the use of integrated circuits.

Both companies where treading into uncharted territories and in order to deal with the new challenge Jim Rawls and John Tyler knew they had to start from scratch. How they complied with the requirements provided a glimpse into the inner-workings of a mechanistic and organic management styles.

It is interesting to find out that Omega edged out Acme in the production of 100 prototypes. Omega passed the test with excellent results. Acme on the other hand failed miserably and their reputation was close to tatters. The explanation can be seen in how effective the organic management style can be when faced with a new problem.

The secret of Acme is in its efficiency. But efficiency as demonstrated in this study is borne out of routine. In other words, Acme was able to surpass Omega for many years because John Tyler, the head of the said firm had a clear understanding of the industry. The same thing cannot be said of Jim Rawls who was relatively inexperienced when it comes to this particular industry.

Although, Acme had an excellent track record it soon became evident that new projects, with new requirements require an organic management approach in the initial phase. John Tyler used a more mechanistic method in dealing with the problems of a tight schedule and unreliable suppliers.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Organizational Analysis and Design by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More John Tyler was in unfamiliar territory for probably the first time in his life as the head of an electronics company. They had to deal with other companies that they know little about. This unfamiliarity is the reason why they did not know that the main supplier of a memory chip shuts down during the holidays.

Jim Rawls on the other hand succeeded because the lack of formal structure enabled his engineers and other employees to share ideas. The purchaser may have problems with their suppliers but an engineer who is not part of the procurement departments happens to know of an alternative component that they can use.

John Tyler and his management style prevented his people to share ideas that are crucial when it comes to developing prototypes. Jim Rawls understood this perfectly because in his previous job he was familiar with the requirements of developing a prototype.

If Omega was so much more effective than Acme, why didn’t it win the final contract?

Omega came on top and defeated Acme in the said bidding war. However, the final contract was awarded to Acme. Part of the reason was that Acme already built a reputation when it comes to efficiency. It can be argued that Omega also demonstrated its ability to become efficient especially in the way they handled the delivery of the 100 prototypes with zero error. Nevertheless, there is one particular factor that worked in favor of Acme. The industry experienced high demand. Therefore, the client cannot afford to simply rely on one company.

The electronics boom of the 1960s enabled these two companies to continually share a significant portion of the market. In the long run this was beneficial to Acme because they were able to correct their mistakes. The mechanistic approach enabled them not only to become efficient but also cost-efficient.

What changes would you recommend to Acme and Omega?

Based on the case, it would be best if the leaders realize the importance of using both organic and mechanistic approach (Wesson 25). In the event that a prototype is needed, the organic management style is well-suited for this project since it would be the first time that the company has to deal with the specific requirements of such an assignment.

On the other hand when the firm has already made the necessary adjustments then it would be best to utilize a mechanistic approach. This is important because both Acme and Omega will encounter significant changes in the future and both must learn to adapt to changing needs of the industry (Landy


The Gap Year’s Pros and Cons Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Pros of taking a gap year

Cons of taking a gap year



Introduction There is an ongoing debate on whether high school graduates should take a year off (a gap year) before joining college. A gap year is a break from formal education and controlled environment that is otherwise monotonous and exhausting. Gap year is common in European countries and also in Australia and it is quickly catching up in America. It is an idea that even the most prestigious colleges and universities are getting fond of and thus encourage high school leavers to try it out.

Pros of taking a gap year After completing high school, students tend to suffer from ‘information overload’ and exhaustion (Naomi, 2008). A year off may be helpful to such a person who has had an academic burnout and can use some time out to ‘recharge his or her academic battery’. The gap year will present the student with a chance to refresh his system and get a renewed energy which he will use to face the next phase of education.

Another reason as to why taking a year off is important is the fact that the person is able to build on some self confidence and their maturity level. Even top level universities are encouraging school leavers to take a year off since they reckon that those who do so, bring good values to the institution since they have had a taste of ‘outside life’ and will have a serious perspective towards life.

It is believed that those who take a gap year will be more focused and ready to face the more taxing institution of higher education. It is usually encouraged that students taking the gap year do so in a manner that will help them add some experience in a working environment while earning some money. They may also look for an internship which will help them have a feel of an organization and how it operates thus the student will make their curriculum vitae more appealing (William, 2000).

A gap year also offers chance for the high school leaver to do a thorough university search where he will look for the right institution that offers the course that he wants to engage himself in. The year off presents the school leaver with a chance to find the academic forte that he is most comfortable with. While enjoying a gap year, the school leaver will decide on what he or she wants to major in and this in turn will help them become more focused when joining university.

A school leaver may also spend his gap year travelling around hence broadening his horizon. By travelling abroad, the school leaver may discover new talents, gain new skills, learn new languages and visit various historical sites and this will help him have a diverse and broader perspective of life and thus make him more serious and focused when he gets to university.

Travelling abroad will also help the school leaver mingle with people of different races and cultures, a factor that helps them understand and appreciate diversity. This turns out to be very helpful to the high school leaver since he will encounter a multiracial and multicultural environment in the university and can therefore easily adapt, settle and start learning (Shellenbarger, 2010)).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A high school leaver who takes a gap year has a better chance of handling the peer pressure in the university. Because the high school leaver who was previously under the careful watch of his parents, will now be left on his own and thus the leaver who enjoyed his gap year travelling or being on an attachment will have built his self confidence and hence will tend to fight off peer pressure unlike the school leaver who joins university immediately where he will be hit by the reality of ‘first true freedom’ (World Inhabit, 2007).

Cons of taking a gap year Besides the fact that taking a gap year will help to refresh the school leaver’s system, the gap year may also turn out to be disastrous towards the student and his career. This usually happens when the high school leaver fails to plan properly his schedule for the year off. Mostly, the high school leavers will waste a whole year and may not gain any helpful experience.

A mismanaged gap year may turn out to be too expensive to the high school leaver and, hence, deplete resources leaving him with insufficient funds to join university. Taking a gap year may result in a higher university budget as tuition fees tend to increase annually. William (2000) notes that “engaging in a gap year may result in the student missing a slot in the university especially in courses that are competitive”.

Also taking a year off may at times make the student lose momentum on studying and this may cause him a drop out of college or take a longer time to complete his course than expected. A gap year may lead to the high school leaver being demoralized by trailing his fellow classmates during the whole year (Sanjou, 2008).

A person who takes a gap year may fail to develop good skills and habits that may affect and help in his career and consequently fail to fit in the taxing university environment. A high school leaver who takes a gap year may enjoy real freedom having a time of his life and may find it very difficult to come in terms with reality that may end up by failing to join the university (Eunson, 2008).

Taking a year off may consequently lead to a delay in the beginning of a person’s career which means that the person will start earning at a later stage in life than he was supposed to. Also there are companies which plan trips for the school leavers thus reducing their level of self responsibility and thus don’t help build self confidence since they plan everything for the school leavers who should instead be doing things on their own to help build their confidence (College Confidential, 2010).

Conclusion A high school graduate should consider the options he or she has when choosing whether or not to take up a gap year. The individual through numerous consultations with his parents, school counselors and sponsors should weigh between the pros and cons of taking up a gap year or not.

We will write a custom Essay on The Gap Year’s Pros and Cons specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ultimately, the decision lies in the high school leaver’s hands. This means that should the school leaver decide that he needs a break from academic pressure, he should ensure that he spends his gap year productively in a manner that will help boost his career path. A year off that is well spent by the school leaver can help boost a person’s confidence and maturity level. He will have a broader perspective of life and hence will give the university the seriousness it deserves once he gets enrolled.

Many universities in Europe and currently in the United States have come to appreciate the importance of taking a year off. Reports made by a number of university deans show that most people who take a gap year before joining university usually have a higher degree of seriousness, maturity and understanding than those who join university immediately after high school.

References College Confidential. (2010). Pros and Cons of Gap Year. Retrieved from:

Eunson, B. (2008). Communicating in the 21st century 2nd edition. New York: John Wiley.

Naomi, G. (2008). The college gap year. Advantages and disadvantages of taking a gap year. CA: Sage.

Sanjou .G. (2008). Taking a year off is advantageous. New York: John Wiley.

Shellenbarger, S. ( 2010). Delaying College to Fill in the Gaps. Wall Street Journal.

William, F. (2000). Time out or Burn Out for the Next generation. New York, NY: McGraw Hill/Irwin.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Gap Year’s Pros and Cons by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More World Inhabit. (2007). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Taking a Gap Year. Web.


Integrated transport (or multimodal Transport or intermodal transport) Expository Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Introduction The term multimodal transport has been defined by various scholars and organizations. According to the UNCTAD, “ ‘International multimodal transport’ means the carriage of goods by at least two different modes of transport on the basis of a multimodal transport contract from a place in one country at which the goods are taken in charge by the multimodal transport operator to a place designated for delivery situated in a different country…” (UNCTAD, 2001).

It is also defined as the, “a transport system usually operated by one carrier with more than one mode of transport under the control or ownership of one operator. It involves the use of more than one means of transport such as a combination of truck, railcar, aeroplane or ship in succession to each other e.g. a container line which operates both a ship and a rail system of double stack trains.” (United Nation2003).

The advantages of multimodal transport include minimizing the time lost at the transshipment points. A transport operator will maintain the communication links and will guide the interchange and the transportation of the goods at the transshipment points. Multimodal transport reduces the amount of documents that have to be filled and formalities that is required at each segment of the transport chain. Multimodal transport has also helped many importers and exporters to reduce the cost incurred during transportation of their goods.

Multimodal transport is important in all nations in today’s economy. At the international level, doubling of transport costs can reduce trade flows by more than 80%.Empirical evidence underlines that raising transport costs by 10% reduces trade volumes by more than 20% (Dr. Jean-Paul


Sigmund Freud’s Theories Analytical Essay college admission essay help

Introduction Sigmund Freud is one of the earliest pioneers of psychology. He is among a team of people whose discoveries have led to the development of psychology from one level to another. Currently, this subject is considered to be the broadest of all scientific subjects. This is not a small achievement considering the fact that psychology was just a miniature subject a few centuries ago.

This essay will discuss the major theories of Sigmund Freud as far as the psychodynamic approach to human behaviour is concerned. The essay will also look at the strong points in support of and against the theories. Finally, the essay will describe the cognitive approach to psychology as an alternative to Freud’s theories.

Background Of Psychodynamics Psychodynamics is a type of study that focuses on the relationship between parts of the brain which coordinate to yield a certain human behaviour. The main components of psychodynamics are the human psyche, the personality of an individual and the mind. The organization of these three elements gives way to an effect on a person’s mental activity, emotional control and motivational forces.

This study also holds that the power of the mind which influences the states of the mind can be divided into emotional forces and inner forces that affect human behaviour. The following are theories that Sigmund Freud developed in his course of study of psychodynamics.

The Psyche Sigmund Freud suggests that the unconscious state of the human mind is the major cause of the way individuals behave (Ahles 2004). Freud explains that the exact character of a person can only be determined through the knowledge of such a person’s unconscious state of mind. He explains that no action or deed is ever done without the preconception of the mind and the coordination of the elements of the mind. A surprising discovery that Freud made states that people rarely if ever know what goes on in their mind.

Freud holds that most of the actions of people are beyond their control. The decisions made are actually determined by their psyche. Unlike the personality of an individual, this component of the human mind consists of various parts which are in constant conflict with each other. These components include the ego, the id and the superego. According to Freud, these are the elements which are believed to be in control of the human behaviour.

The disagreement among the superego, the ego and the id usually leads to a decision that is favourable to all of them. The disagreement among these three goes on in the unconscious and so the person cannot really tell what is going on in his or her mind. However, this person may be in a position to feel the repercussions of the conflict. For instance, he or she may experience excitement, depression or even a headache as a result of what is going on in the unconscious state of mind.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The superego, the ego and the id each have different roles to play in the whole process of decision making and influence of human behaviour in the mind. Their roles can be summarised into three forces which are the instinctual drive, the moral constraint and the consideration of realistic possibilities at the time of decision making.

The id is controlled by instinctual drives such as an obsession for food, sex, drink and other wants. The id is only concerned about the acquisition of these desires and does not pause to consider the possibility or impossibilities of accessing them. In some cases, it might even get frustrated if it fails to achieve its desires.

On the other hand, the superego works on the basis of moral constraints. It advocates for only what is right and acceptable in the eyes of the society. The superego is the component that takes into consideration the advice and wise counsel that a person receives and prompts him to act according to them. The superego can go as far as punishing the individual if he acts contrary to the moral virtues he is supposed to adhere to. It does this by instilling a remorse feeling of guilt and anxiety.

Finally, the ego is the voice of reason behind the decision making process. As much as the id and the superego have a say in the entire process, it is the ego that finally decides what is to be done. It does this by considering the possibilities of both actions suggested by the id and the superego and then balancing between the needs of the id and the moral constraints imposed by the superego.

The Unconscious As pointed out earlier in this essay, Freud’s psychodynamic theory suggests that a majority of the thinking that goes on in the human mind happens without the knowledge of a person. According to Freud, the human mind can be divided into three main parts: the conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious.

The conscious part of the mind contains a small portion of mental activity that we are aware of and is majorly made up of thoughts and perceptions. The preconscious state of mind is deeper than the conscious but shallower than the unconscious. In this state of mind, the person is in a position to know hidden things but only if he or she tries to do it. It majorly comprises of stored information and memories.

In the unconscious state of mind, an individual does not know and cannot know things that go on in his or her mind (Mcleod 2007). There is a lot of information that falls under this state. These include shameful experiences, violent motives, fears, unacceptable sexual desires and traumatic experiences.

We will write a custom Essay on Sigmund Freud’s Theories specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most of these things are kept in the subconscious state of mind because the person refuses to think about them either because they threaten him or her or that they are totally unacceptable. The superego plays a big role in forcing these things from the conscious to the subconscious because of the guilt they evoke.

However, the repression of these thoughts into the unconscious state has the potential of doing a person more harm than good. This is because of the accumulating effect that the thoughts discussed above have on the mind. The locking up of these thoughts is one of the causes that lead to madness caused by depression or stress. This happens after the individual is unable to bear the weight of the locked up thoughts and becomes a victim of the same.

In some cases though, the ego may try to get rid of the pressure in the unconscious state of mind by finding alternative outlets. For instance, the ego can develop defence mechanisms that work by changing the form of one impulse into another form or type. A good example is that of individuals who refuse to accept shameful things about themselves and instead see the fault in others.

Childhood Influences Sigmund Freud points out that the way people are brought up has a great impact on their later lives. This has a lot to do with the virtues they were taught by their parents and people around them. It also depends with the cultural background of the society in which the people are brought up in. The structure of a person’s psyche and personality is greatly influenced by the way he or she is treated by other people during childhood.

Strengths Of Freud’s Theories Sigmund Freud’s theories would not have been wildly accepted and used had they not been sure and convincing. His theories are currently used in a number of medical practices such as psychoanalysis.

This is the most significant strength of Freud’s theories. Through his psychodynamic approach to psychology, it has been possible to identify causes of mental disorders and even try to restore the mental stability of mentally disorderly persons. The dream therapy which is based on the theories has also been helpful in the treatment of mentally disturbed patients.

In addition to that, the theories can be used to describe and explain any phenomena in life. This is because they provide an insight to the main factor that propels life in the universe; human behaviour. It is therefore possible that the theories of Sigmund Freud can be incorporated in almost each and every aspect of daily life and used to unravel hidden meanings.

The last strength of these theories is that they are among the few psychodynamic theories that used experimental methods to arrive at conclusions. The practical experimentation of the theories by Freud lends credence to their effectiveness. The documentation of the experiments can also serve as guidelines to medical practitioners who use the theories in treatment.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Sigmund Freud’s Theories by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Weaknesses Of Freud’s Theories First and foremost, Sigmund Freud’s theories are not in a position to be scientifically proved. This is because they can neither be measured nor quantified. The theories are therefore closed to constructive scrutiny. Had they provided room for scientific testing and proving, chances are that the theories could even have been improved and made into a better form than they are now.

Secondly, Freud’s theories are marginalised and present a possibility of bias. This is because the theories were developed from a small localised sample population in Vienna. Moreover, the majority of the people were middle-aged women and therefore the results cannot be used to provide a general worldwide view. They were based on mere clinical observations that cannot be a representation of the entire world population.

The last weakness of Sigmund Freud’s theories is that they did not take into account variations in culture. The experiments were solely done on white middleclass patients who represent only a fraction of the world population. The theories then generalise the conclusions and similarly apply them to other people from other cultures. This leads to misleading and in accurate information.

The Cognitive Approach Cognitive psychology is the study of how people understand, recall, talk, think and evaluate problems (Neisser 1967). Unlike psychodynamics, cognitive psychology is a purely scientific approach to psychology. This is because it can be tested in the laboratory and proved.

Cognitive psychology deals mostly with the mental activity of an individual as opposed to psychodynamics which basically deals with behavioural characteristics. Cognitive psychology is also based on the acknowledgement of states of mind that are internal such as obsessions, notions, motivations and courage.

The cognitive approach is based on a number of assumptions. First and foremost, the approach suggests that a combination of scientific processes influences the behaviour of human beings. The second assumption is that this human behaviour only comes about as a response to external factors or stimuli. Finally, the cognitive approach also holds the view that genetic factors and other physical features have no influence on human behaviour. It suggests that people act the way they do because of their own thoughts.

Although the cognitive approach is among the latest sub disciplines of psychology, it has been successfully incorporated in many subjects such as personality psychology and abnormal psychology. The development of computers and increased artificial intelligence has also led to the widespread use of the cognitive approach.

Conclusion From the foregoing discussion, it is evident that Sigmund Freud was a prominent psychologist whose psychodynamic theories revolutionized the entire discipline of psychology. His psychodynamic theories, namely the psyche, the unconscious state and childhood influences have provided meaningful explanations to some of the phenomena in life. The theories are also widely in use today because of their strengths and credibility.

However, they also have weaknesses which led to the establishment of the cognitive approach. This approach focuses on the mental activities and thought processes as major factors which influence human behaviour. The approach has grown due to the recent developments in psychology as a discipline. Finally, the cognitive approach has benefited from increased use of technology in the discipline of psychology.

Reference List Ahles, S. (2004) Our inner world: A guide to psychodynamics and psychotherapy. New York, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Mcleod, S. (2007) Psychodynamic approach. Web.

Neisser, U. (1967) Cognitive psychology. New York, Meredith.


Analysis of the Kings Letter from Birmingham Jail Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help

Introduction Martin Luther King, Jnr. wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail” in April 1963 while in Birmingham jail addressing it to his fellow clergy. The letter was in response to the then recent statements referring to his actions as unwise and untimely. The King’s presence in the city of Birmingham was questionable because he was an “outsider.”

In his letter, the King carefully considered his defense for his presence and actions in the city while referencing critical events and facts that necessitated the happenings (King, Jr. par 1). This letter came at a time when the civil rights movement had experienced major challenges of opposition and retaliation from the city leaders.

In this paper, I examine the fundamental excerpts that would serve to justify MLK’s actions as a civil rights leader waging actions in protest of the systematic injustices leveled against the Negro brothers and sisters. A critical exploration of these sentiments and King’s submissions shall serve to depict the critical role that he, and his staff from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference had to play while in Birmingham.

In furtherance of representing the theme of the need for decisive action, the paper outlines some of the circumstances that would guarantee my actions in pursuit for justice on behalf of humanity (Mieder 141).

Justifications of the King’s Actions and presence in Birmingham City There many excerpts in the letter from Birmingham jail that depicts the relevance of King’s action while in Birmingham. Firstly, the King began by stressing why he was in Birmingham, and he said that “ I am in Birmingham because injustice is here” his presence to unite with his fellow blacks in the fight for what they considered their rights is exhibited in the need to traverse the limits of physical boundaries (King, Jr. par 3).

In his defense, he invoked the biblical lesson of the Apostle Paul, who in the process of spreading the gospel to the Greco-Roman empire, left his village (Mieder 141).

From the biblical stand, the king was justified to move in the hope that his contributions would bring change in the destined world. His philosophical representations that drew from factual premises enabled him to succeed in bringing to the attention of the clergy, the need for direct action immediately. To demonstrate his connection with the city of Birmingham where he set the actions of non-violent actions, he acknowledged the mutual relationship that existed between states and communities (Mieder 141).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” enumerates why sitting idly by could be a means of consenting to the injustices and a mode of conspiracy with the perpetrators of injustice. While detesting the application of the concept of an outsider, the King categorically espoused that not “anyone who lives inside the US could be considered an outsider.”

In this scenario, the King’s argument has far-reaching implications to justify the inclusivity of the US citizens. This statement succeeded in demonstrating that all people and communities drew mutuality from each other, and actions to create the outsider ideology was self-serving and discriminatory in nature (King, Jnr., King, and Harding 5).

According to MLK, “Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States.” To qualify his argument, the King substantiated by gaining support from the ugly literature of brutality known to Birmingham. The historical bombings and unresolved problems facing the Negro family acted in the best interest to support the Kings arguments.

These cases appear clearly as the smokescreens of the American State as witnessed by the largely displayed racist signs, which were long overdue. In general, the Kings positioning on the evidential support of the conditions leading to his engagements in the mass actions, sit-inns, and protests gave him a unique platform that perhaps justifies his presence and actions (King, Jr. par 8).

Personal reactions In my view, I would find my actions necessary in engaging in actions to denounce the corrupt organizations, government departments and individuals. This engagement would be to demonstrate that corruption is a social evil that immensely hampers growth of both the country and its citizens.

To align my argument, I would explore the contribution of corruption in the creation of two worlds that results in social stratification based on “halves” and the “halve not.” In detesting this vice on behalf of the masses, I suppose that my endeavors would meet sufficient support from the masses due to the foregoing need to bring about equality of resources through distributive justice (King, Jnr., King, and Harding 5).

Since the era in which we live has transformed in all spheres including systems of justice, and worldview, support would be formidable. However, it is important not to understate the possible protest that by antecedents of corruption, their close confidants and structured machineries aimed at scuttling the process.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Analysis of the Kings Letter from Birmingham Jail specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the light of the aforementioned discussions, it would be imperative not to engage in actions that would sabotage the processed of judicial, social or political transition aimed at redeeming the public and the state offices. Additionally, it would be unjust to martial support from the masses with a view to distort a meaningful process by serving self-interests or interest of a minority few unjustified for their actions or thoughts.

Works Cited King Jnr., M. L., King, C. S., and Harding, V. Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos Or Community? New York: Beacon Press, 2010. Print.

King, Jr. “Letter from Birmingham Jail”. Web The Martin Luther King, Jr. Institute, 23 April. 1963. Web.

Mieder, W. Making a Way Out of No Way: Martin Luther King’s Sermonic Proverbial Rhetoric. New York: Peter Lang, 2010. Print.


How decisions reveal our identity Essay online essay help: online essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Intrapersonal phenomena

Social cognition

Social Influence

Group Dynamics


Works Cited

Introduction Decision-making is an important aspect in human life since it enables people to focus on the way forward. Social psychologists posit that through decision-making, we are able to study how people perceive the world around them, their feelings, emotions as well as behaviors and actions. Scholars of psychology reveal that human actions come at play due to mental states and the immediate social conditions.

Whatever an individual expresses in form of a thought, consist of long-term experiences. Decisions are manifestations of culture, which vary from one society to another. Rarely does a person come up with a new idea without having learned or acquired it. It is not surprising to observe that various groups tend to behave differently because they hold diverse believes and share something in common which is usually historical.

Decisions are made to solve certain problems. Furthermore, problems differ from places to places. Africans face problems that are different from those of other races. Equally, Europeans have different problems that call for specific decisions to solve them. Each decision maker has some considerations when coming up with solutions. The solutions made tend to tell the race or ethnic group of the maker. This paper analyzes how our decisions can reveal our ethnic or racial grouping.

Intrapersonal phenomena Intrapersonal communication refers to the process by which an individual evaluates him/her self before coming up with an idea. It refers to thought process where a person engages his/her wits in decision-making. The process determines the kind of attitude possessed by an individual. An attitude is defined as a learned, worldwide assessment of an individual, object, place or issue that determines thought process or behavior.

They are what an individual likes or dislikes. People from particular regions are known to be having certain attitudes, which are different from those of others. For instance, in an interview, Africans prefer not to have eye contacts with interviewers as it shows rudeness to the seniors. Americans on the other hand believe that avoidance of eye contact shows some aspects of criminality in an individual (Jarrett, Mbalia, and Lee 238).

Attitudes have strong influence to the life of an individual since if not handled, can lead to bias. Individuals attempt to evaluate other people’s decisions using their culture as yardstick. Some attitudes are intrinsic meaning that they are inborn in an individual. People from a particular environment tend to portray same attitudes that affect their decision-making processes. Attitudes are acquired through the process of socialization.

This implies that a child learns how to solve problems right away from childhood. For instance, Africans are usually taught how to deal with situations without consulting extensively. This explains why there are many despots and oligarchs in the African continent. It has to do with traditional African culture, which discourages consultation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Persuasion is another feature of intrapersonal trend that determines an individual’s decision-making process. It guides an individual towards acceptance of a particular attitude, thought and action through a rational technique. Persuasion is a concept that is reliant on appeals as opposed to force. Persuasion varies from one person to another. Some races or ethnic groups are easily persuaded as opposed to others.

The white race is highly opinionated since it always wants to dominate any argument. In this case, it has a higher persuasive power and this explains why whites are preferred when making decisions aimed at increasing sales in an organization. The Asian race is patient and tactical. Furthermore, Africans are easily convinced by popular policies while the white race believes in facts that is, truth speaks for itself.

Social cognition Social cognition pertains to the way people view themselves as well as others. Human beings tend to evaluate themselves in relation to others when engaging in decision-making. Within this topic is the subtopic referred to as attribution. Attribution is concerned with how an individual explains a particular behavior.

People attach actions to certain variables, which can be either internal or external. Internal variables are to be found within a person including individuality and capacity of doing something. Outside variables consist of the external environment, which is known to influence decision-making in people.

Heuristics is a social disorder that emanates from social cognition. It is a situation where an individual decides to use a short cut in obtaining something. Such individuals fear the process of bureaucracy or any other factor that causes delay in acquisition of wanted goods or services. People of this kind usually want to get rich faster and are extremely ambitious in their lives.

They perceive everything to be easy meaning that they always desire to win. In cases of disappointments, they do not accept the reality of the matter and instead go ahead to apply tricks. The same individuals are biased as regards to decision-making. In the modern world, Chinese have been accused of applying tricks to topple other states in the international financial system. This gives a good example of how decisions can tell where an individual comes from.

There is another form of bias referred in psychology as confirmation bias. A social disorder may affect accurate decision-making process because a certain individual may aim at proving something. Labeling is one such problem that makes individuals to confirm what they are said to be.

We will write a custom Essay on How decisions reveal our identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Africans have always been branded as drug addicts, slave laborers and criminals. Some young Africans grow up knowing that they are drug addicts. Later on in life, such youngsters go out of their way to prove what they are said to be. This has occurred not only to Africans but also to other races around the world. It is evident that some historical aspects and injustices can inform individual decisions. Many Africans engage in drugs not because they like sedatives but because the society wants them to be addicts.

Social Influence This refers to other people’s influences to one’s life. Individuals tend to conform to societal norms after sometime. Thereafter, individuals follow the way people do things in the society. This happens when individuals migrate to foreign lands. In the US today, many groups can be identified with certain behavior that are unique and special.

The groups promise to abide by the set laws and cooperate in achieving common goals and values. People tend to like similar foods, cloths and fashions with original make. This kind of living is not safe as regards to state culture because it generates animosity and hatred. People decide to join ethnic groups in order to benefit from services offered and to be accepted generally (Nasir 48). In the US, the Chinese have established a strong culture and taste, leading to formation of Chinatown.

Group Dynamics A group is a collection of persons linked to each other by strong societal relations. Such groups interrelate, influence the actions of one another and have a common history. The groups set specific norms, roles and relations, which are to be followed strictly. Groups confer identity to its members. Furthermore, it augments an individual’s self-concept. In many parts of the country, groups have been seen to improve decision-making.

They come in handy during the times of crisis mainly to arbitrate on cases. Members tend to treat group decisions with utmost trust implying that they cannot change such decisions easily. However, groups are not to be trusted since they slow down decision-making processes. Sometimes, members of a group do not explore all options since decisions are reached at without extensive consultations. Relying on group discussions have caused major hiccups in decision-making processes.

Conclusion In the modern society, groups identify themselves using social media. Some groups are difficult to note because their identity is not readily available. It is possible to know which group a person comes from through analyzing his/her decisions. Decisions are usually uniform among members of same groups.

Changes are usually minimal in order to preserve group identity. While some groups are helpful, the majority are destructive since they promote ethnicity or racism. The state cannot move forward unless the problem of tribalism is tackled from all angles.

Group formation should be encouraged only when it benefits the state that is, aims at unifying the public. A tribal clash is the worst form of conflict that should never be witnessed in the world because of its extreme effects. There should be a way of bringing groups together in order to achieve national integration and harmony.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How decisions reveal our identity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Jarrett, Joyce, Mbalia, Doreatha and Lee Margaret. Heritage: African American readings for writers. 2nd ed. Prentice Hall: Allyn


The left-brain versus the right brain; how does this impact learning Research Paper best essay help

According to different learning theories, human beings perceive and process information in different ways (Winstanley, 2005). Experts have also proved that the human brain is responsible for the different manner of thinking and consequently, the learning process (Deutsch and Springer, 1997). This research paper will evaluate and discuss how the left and the right brain affect the learning process in human beings.

Winstanley (2005) says that, the structure and functions of the mind suggest that the two sides of the brain perform different functions. According to research, the left and the right sides of the brain “control different modes of thinking” (Deutsch and Springer, 1997). According to Right-Brain Vs Left-Brain theory, individuals prefer one mode over the other. However, some individuals can use the whole brain and adapt different modes at the same time.

The concept of left-brain versus right brain is based on what is generally referred as the lateralization of the brain; it determines how individuals process information (Philips, 2011). This concept argues that one side of the brain control specific functions and people are either left-brained or right-brained. According to this theory, the right side of the brain functions well in expressive and creative tasks (Philips, 2011).

As such, the right side of brain performs well in areas of music, expressing emotions, reading emotions, indentifying colors, images, and expressing feelings (Turgeon, 1993). On the other hand, the left side of brain is considered to perform well at those tasks that involve reasoning, understanding language, creativity, critical thinking, and expressing numbers (Turgeon, 1993).

In fact, the left-brain is more competent in dealing with calculations, assessing issues that require logic, understanding and expressing language, and thinking critically (Philips, 2011). All Left- brained people are said to display this characteristics and they perform well in mathematics.

Usually, the two sides of the brain can reason. However, reasoning can only happen in different ways. As already observed, the left-brain is considered logical while the right brain is considered more holistic (Philips, 2011). Left-brained people process information faster and successfully.

Left-brained individuals prefer to learn step-by step; they prefer to learn by getting the details leading to logical understanding of the concept (Philips, 2011).On the other hand, right-brained people are “simultaneous processors” and they prefer to learn concepts beginning with understanding the general concept and then breaking points into parts in order to understand specific ideas (Philips, 2011).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Notably, learning is a process. The manner in which an instructor teaches the class affects the learning process. According to research, left-brained teachers prefer to teach using lecture and discussion (Turgeon, 1993). Mostly, such teachers are strict on deadline and usually adhere to learning schedule.

In addition to this, left-brained teachers like to give the students take-away assignment because they want students to learn independently. Similarly, left-brained students prefer working on their own and independently (Turgeon, 1993).

Mostly, left-brained students also prefer to carryout research because this learning technique is appealing to them. This means that, when left-brained teachers train left-brained students, learning process becomes more effective and enjoyable. Such students tend to perform better in this situation.

The right brained teachers prefer to use gestures and hands when teaching (Deutsch and Springer, 1997). Such teachers incorporate arts, creativity, and do music lesson in most cases. Turgeon (1993) observes that right-brained teachers also prefer “busy, active, and noisy classroom environment.” Generally, right-brained teachers prefer to teach students in groups, and have a preference of instructing students to work in groups.

Just like right-brained teachers, the right-brained students also prefer working in groups. As such, these students also like to do projects, designs, and music. The right-brained students always prefer doing projects rather than writing essays and doing research (Winstanley, 2005). This also affects the learning process.

Generally, left or right-brained students prefer a specific learning approach although they can be able to learn using different modes. However, even though student can learn using other techniques, they learn effectively using their areas of strength (Turgeon, 1993). In fact, students become contented when they are taught using modes of learning that are appealing to them. Therefore, the difference in learning modes affects the learning process among different students.

The opinion is that teachers should take this perspective as a challenge. Teachers should be observant in order to indentify the learning modes preferred by different students. Once an instructor indentifies the modes of learning preferred by different students, the learning process will become more effective.

We will write a custom Research Paper on The left-brain versus the right brain; how does this impact learning specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In conclusion, the right brain and the left brain affects learning process because of the different modes of learning. While different sides of the brain have different preferences, both the left and the right sides of the brain are involved in the learning process although in a different way.

Because individuals process information in different ways, it is important that people should indentify how best they process information in the brain. Once an individual indentifies this concept, learning will become very effective (Deutsch and Springer, 1997). In addition to this, people can be able to improve the strategies used in learning.

Reference List Deutsch, G.,


How decisions reveal our identity Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Intrapersonal phenomena

Social cognition

Social Influence

Group Dynamics


Works Cited

Introduction Decision-making is an important aspect in human life since it enables people to focus on the way forward. Social psychologists posit that through decision-making, we are able to study how people perceive the world around them, their feelings, emotions as well as behaviors and actions. Scholars of psychology reveal that human actions come at play due to mental states and the immediate social conditions.

Whatever an individual expresses in form of a thought, consist of long-term experiences. Decisions are manifestations of culture, which vary from one society to another. Rarely does a person come up with a new idea without having learned or acquired it. It is not surprising to observe that various groups tend to behave differently because they hold diverse believes and share something in common which is usually historical.

Decisions are made to solve certain problems. Furthermore, problems differ from places to places. Africans face problems that are different from those of other races. Equally, Europeans have different problems that call for specific decisions to solve them. Each decision maker has some considerations when coming up with solutions. The solutions made tend to tell the race or ethnic group of the maker. This paper analyzes how our decisions can reveal our ethnic or racial grouping.

Intrapersonal phenomena Intrapersonal communication refers to the process by which an individual evaluates him/her self before coming up with an idea. It refers to thought process where a person engages his/her wits in decision-making. The process determines the kind of attitude possessed by an individual. An attitude is defined as a learned, worldwide assessment of an individual, object, place or issue that determines thought process or behavior.

They are what an individual likes or dislikes. People from particular regions are known to be having certain attitudes, which are different from those of others. For instance, in an interview, Africans prefer not to have eye contacts with interviewers as it shows rudeness to the seniors. Americans on the other hand believe that avoidance of eye contact shows some aspects of criminality in an individual (Jarrett, Mbalia, and Lee 238).

Attitudes have strong influence to the life of an individual since if not handled, can lead to bias. Individuals attempt to evaluate other people’s decisions using their culture as yardstick. Some attitudes are intrinsic meaning that they are inborn in an individual. People from a particular environment tend to portray same attitudes that affect their decision-making processes. Attitudes are acquired through the process of socialization.

This implies that a child learns how to solve problems right away from childhood. For instance, Africans are usually taught how to deal with situations without consulting extensively. This explains why there are many despots and oligarchs in the African continent. It has to do with traditional African culture, which discourages consultation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Persuasion is another feature of intrapersonal trend that determines an individual’s decision-making process. It guides an individual towards acceptance of a particular attitude, thought and action through a rational technique. Persuasion is a concept that is reliant on appeals as opposed to force. Persuasion varies from one person to another. Some races or ethnic groups are easily persuaded as opposed to others.

The white race is highly opinionated since it always wants to dominate any argument. In this case, it has a higher persuasive power and this explains why whites are preferred when making decisions aimed at increasing sales in an organization. The Asian race is patient and tactical. Furthermore, Africans are easily convinced by popular policies while the white race believes in facts that is, truth speaks for itself.

Social cognition Social cognition pertains to the way people view themselves as well as others. Human beings tend to evaluate themselves in relation to others when engaging in decision-making. Within this topic is the subtopic referred to as attribution. Attribution is concerned with how an individual explains a particular behavior.

People attach actions to certain variables, which can be either internal or external. Internal variables are to be found within a person including individuality and capacity of doing something. Outside variables consist of the external environment, which is known to influence decision-making in people.

Heuristics is a social disorder that emanates from social cognition. It is a situation where an individual decides to use a short cut in obtaining something. Such individuals fear the process of bureaucracy or any other factor that causes delay in acquisition of wanted goods or services. People of this kind usually want to get rich faster and are extremely ambitious in their lives.

They perceive everything to be easy meaning that they always desire to win. In cases of disappointments, they do not accept the reality of the matter and instead go ahead to apply tricks. The same individuals are biased as regards to decision-making. In the modern world, Chinese have been accused of applying tricks to topple other states in the international financial system. This gives a good example of how decisions can tell where an individual comes from.

There is another form of bias referred in psychology as confirmation bias. A social disorder may affect accurate decision-making process because a certain individual may aim at proving something. Labeling is one such problem that makes individuals to confirm what they are said to be.

We will write a custom Essay on How decisions reveal our identity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Africans have always been branded as drug addicts, slave laborers and criminals. Some young Africans grow up knowing that they are drug addicts. Later on in life, such youngsters go out of their way to prove what they are said to be. This has occurred not only to Africans but also to other races around the world. It is evident that some historical aspects and injustices can inform individual decisions. Many Africans engage in drugs not because they like sedatives but because the society wants them to be addicts.

Social Influence This refers to other people’s influences to one’s life. Individuals tend to conform to societal norms after sometime. Thereafter, individuals follow the way people do things in the society. This happens when individuals migrate to foreign lands. In the US today, many groups can be identified with certain behavior that are unique and special.

The groups promise to abide by the set laws and cooperate in achieving common goals and values. People tend to like similar foods, cloths and fashions with original make. This kind of living is not safe as regards to state culture because it generates animosity and hatred. People decide to join ethnic groups in order to benefit from services offered and to be accepted generally (Nasir 48). In the US, the Chinese have established a strong culture and taste, leading to formation of Chinatown.

Group Dynamics A group is a collection of persons linked to each other by strong societal relations. Such groups interrelate, influence the actions of one another and have a common history. The groups set specific norms, roles and relations, which are to be followed strictly. Groups confer identity to its members. Furthermore, it augments an individual’s self-concept. In many parts of the country, groups have been seen to improve decision-making.

They come in handy during the times of crisis mainly to arbitrate on cases. Members tend to treat group decisions with utmost trust implying that they cannot change such decisions easily. However, groups are not to be trusted since they slow down decision-making processes. Sometimes, members of a group do not explore all options since decisions are reached at without extensive consultations. Relying on group discussions have caused major hiccups in decision-making processes.

Conclusion In the modern society, groups identify themselves using social media. Some groups are difficult to note because their identity is not readily available. It is possible to know which group a person comes from through analyzing his/her decisions. Decisions are usually uniform among members of same groups.

Changes are usually minimal in order to preserve group identity. While some groups are helpful, the majority are destructive since they promote ethnicity or racism. The state cannot move forward unless the problem of tribalism is tackled from all angles.

Group formation should be encouraged only when it benefits the state that is, aims at unifying the public. A tribal clash is the worst form of conflict that should never be witnessed in the world because of its extreme effects. There should be a way of bringing groups together in order to achieve national integration and harmony.

Not sure if you can write a paper on How decisions reveal our identity by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Jarrett, Joyce, Mbalia, Doreatha and Lee Margaret. Heritage: African American readings for writers. 2nd ed. Prentice Hall: Allyn


The Effects of Domestic Violence Report best essay help

Domestic violence can happen to people from all races, age, sexual orientation, social status and gender. Forms of domestic violence include rape, stalking and abusive behaviour against a person. Domestic violence has adverse effects on those who go through it as well as those who witness it.

The effects range from physical injury, body and mental health complications and economic loss in terms of money used in treatment. It is worth noting that violence caused by men is not a result of their mental illnesses, but by the lack of anger and stress management skills. There are myths and realities about domestic violence, but with the knowledge of prevention tips many cases can be avoided.

The information provided in the handout is very important in empowering women. According to statistics and research provided in the handout, women are at a higher risk of being victims of domestic violence. This has put me on the watch out as it is clear that rapists and stalkers are looking for opportunities to exert their control. The handout has also proven important as it has helped me to understand why in spite of a lot of public awareness; domestic violence is still going on.

As is explained, our parents often assault one another in front of the children while paying no attention to the bad lessons the children could learn from their uncivilized behaviours. Later on in life, children get involved in violence thinking it is a normal way of life. There are so many ways of preventing domestic violence. As a woman, I believe it is my role to educate my children on domestic violence while they are still young, so that they may not part from the teachings when they become adults.

The handout has helped me realise that stalking is just as dangerous as other forms of domestic violence. Stalking instil fear in a person, making him or her lose his or her freedom. This can lead to death, mental illness and the victim can hardly do tasks expected of them since they do not know what will happen next. Stalking is worsened by the fact that there are no behavioural facts that can predict what a stocker will eventually do.

They may torture their victims, assault them, rape them or even kill them. The government and the organizations that work toward helping victims of violence should involve all people in the community especially women who are the key in enhancing and implementing change. As a woman, I should have nothing to be ashamed of in taking measures against a stalker or rapist since I am the victim.

Having learned of the great effects of domestic violence, loss in low work output, failure to go to work, employment problems due to the self-doubt, depression and confusion experienced by the victims, I have not just made it my point to be more careful, but also to assist victims by taking them for counselling. So as to fight domestic violence, ladies and women being the most affected, need to be aware of all the preventive tips towards rape and stalking.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ignorance is no defence and therefore, people should not live on assumptions and myths. In conclusion, the handout is not just informative, but also inspiring. However, the latest cases of rape have involved people who the victims are well acquainted with. It is therefore important to emphasize to all that caution should be taken even against close friends when it comes to rape.


Liberty, Equality and Power Essay cheap essay help

The US has had a number of colorful events in its history as regards to liberty, equality and power. Many have lost their lives while fighting for the three social values. Actions aimed at restoring democracy and human freedoms can be traced back to the works of classical scholars.

The social contract that is alleged to have been signed by men brought about the fundamental rights and freedoms. People agreed to live together and co-exist harmoniously. Liberty is the freedom to do anything desired by an individual. Such freedoms however should not interfere with the rights of others. It is true that as an individual claims to be free, he/she has a responsibility of behaving according to societal laws and regulations (Owens 97).

The US has a long history of struggle towards liberty. The first major struggle was against colonialism in which the US managed to liberate itself from the colonial rule. During colonialism, Native Americans were not allowed to take up jobs in government with the reason that they were illiterate. The only thing they could offer was manual labor. The whites exploited Americans for long before they organized a revolution to liberate themselves.

Democracy and respect of human rights are some of the important tenets of liberty. Democracy means that each individual should be allowed to participate in governmental decision-making. Usually, people participate in governance by electing their representatives. Americans have constantly engaged in conflicts, with an intention of being recognized and treated equally.

Murrin and Johnson do not appreciate the fact that justice can be achieved through violence (40). Americans fought for their rights, they never acquired them through soft means. Again, the writers are ignorant as regards to the rights of the minority in US. The black race and other people of color have not enjoyed the rewards of sovereignty.

Ever since, Africans have supplied their labor free or at very lost cost. Their struggle to liberation resulted to a deadly Civil War which cost the lives of many, including senior government officials. The inconsistencies between the Southerners and Northerners will remain as one of the most important historical events in the US. Through the Civil War, Southerners were lastly freed but their social interaction in society has not been pleasant. The American society still feels that African culture is inferior to other cultures.

During the World Wars, agitation for liberty and equality reached at a surpassed level whereby other members of society previously neglected started demanding for their rights. Women in particular capitalized on the President’s speech, which posited that the war intended to restore democracy and equality. This implied that despots such as Benito Mussolini of Italy, Adolf Hitler of Germany and monarchic regime in Japan had to be overthrown.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The allied forces indeed managed to do this, which further gave women courage to fight male patriarchy. Women were determined to pursue their rights since they knew that it was possible to achieve equality. Men erected barriers that derailed women from achieving their rights for a long time (Robertson 21). The world war provided a good ground for a revolt. Women were granted some rights and freedoms that untied them from male domination.

Even though American people have achieved rights as well as freedoms, the society does not recognize the existence of some members. The societal structure is so rigid and skewed to an extent that citizens do not have options but to comply.

Just like in earlier years, women are still economically powerless. The gap between the rich and the poor is widening. The minorities in society continue to face the injustices implanted by societal structure. People of color have little capital, which impedes them from participating in economic development.

They are incorporated in the economy as underdogs meaning that their role is provision of labor. The owners of the means of production are the Whites. Therefore, women and African race are compared to the proletariat who produces goods for the rich. This trend is not expected to change soon due to development model employed by the state. Capitalism will always generate few rich individuals and several poor people.

Another problem that interferes with individual liberty is state power. The state claims to be sovereign and for that case, it has the power to exercise jurisdiction over life and property. The state has a right to terminate life or to recover individual property when state security is in danger. In real terms, state sovereignty or power is incompatible with individual liberty. The state is seen to exercise authority over individuals in a number of ways.

It can therefore be concluded that state power and capitalism subjugates and oppresses the poor, including women. The state is a property of the ruling class that is employed to protect property. The bourgeoisie co-opts the state because it has coercive powers. State machineries have always been used throughout history to perpetuate the poor and women. Governments come up with laws that prohibit certain behaviors from individuals. The American states have recently enacted immigration laws that repress other races.

Works Cited Murrin, John and Johnson, Paul. Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People since 1863. 3rd ed. New York: Wadsworth Publishing, 2003.

We will write a custom Essay on Liberty, Equality and Power specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Owens, William. Freedom: Keys to Freedom from Twenty-one National Leaders. Memphis, Tennessee: Main Street Publications, 2008.

Robertson, Henry and Merrills, Graham. Human Rights in the World: An Introduction to the Study of the International Protection of Human Rights. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.


Daddy by Sylvia Plath Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

This poem explores the other side of the father-daughter relationship. It is one of Plath’s emotionally charged poetic excursions that embody bitter memories of one’s father. It is expressed through the eyes of a young girl, the persona, who tries to grapple with the disturbing memories of her late father.

From the onset, it is clear that there is no love lost between the father and the daughter. The persona launches a scathing post-humus tirade at the haunting memory of her late father. This is attributed to the fact that the father had subjected his daughter to an oppressive environment in which the latter was rendered hapless and hopeless.

According to the poem, the persona suffered “for thirty years, poor and white” (Plath, stanza 1. 4) and “hardly daring to breathe” (Plath, stanza 1.5). This is an illustration of an unbearably harsh and subjugative condition that the daughter endured in the hands of her father.

The increasingly disturbing and mind-boggling memory makes the daughter’s intense feelings spiral out of control. Hence, the demonized father is handed the second death: “Daddy, I have had to kill you” (Plath, stanza 2.1). The daughter makes a desperate attempt to purge herself of the spirit of her father. This also underscores the crippling disappointment and frustration that she encounters at the death of her father.

The disillusionment on the part of the persona is begotten by the fact that she had initially iconized her father. She had held him in very high esteem and had put him in a position of reverence: “… a bag full of God” (Plath , stanza 2.3). It was, therefore, painfully discomfiting that the person she worshipped turned against her, and to make matters worse, died. The hither-to angelic father suddenly transformed into a “ghastly statue” in stanza 2, line 4, a personification of evil.

It appears that the daughter has faint recollection of her late father. This then translates to the feeling that the persona actually had limited contact with her father. The explanation is offered by the assertion that the male parent was always out fighting in the Nazi war in Germany. Due to this, he became an absentee father. He was virtually kept away from his distressed daughter by a series of wars. The memory of a painfully inaccessible father torments the persona.

It is clear that she was trapped in an unfulfilling relationship with her father: “I never could talk to you” (Plath, stanza 5.4). Even in the presence of her father, the persona experiences untold inhibitions from her father. She cannot communicate freely with her father because “the tongue stuck in my jaw” (Plath, stanza 5.5). This clearly illustrates the alienation between father and daughter. The daughter longs to be with her father, but gory visions stand between them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The estrangement between father and daughter is personified by the reference to the German – Jew relationship during the Nazi domination. During the Nazi operation, millions of Jews were murdered by means more horrendous than mankind had ever imagined. The daughter sees a brutal Nazi in her father, but considers herself a Jew.

Since her sympathies go to the Jews, she finds it difficult to reconcile to the fact that her father has a hand in the atrocities meted out on the hapless Jews. She is, therefore, unable to connect with her father as much as she would have desired. She avers: I have always been scared of you (Plath, stanza 9.1). This is no doubt a brutal depiction of a father figure.

The memory of the persona’s father is one that wallows in cruelty. He is presented as a devil that can’t stop haunting the daughter. The poem describes him as being “no less a devil” (Plath, stanza 11.4). However, in spite of all the horrifying attributes associated with her father, the persona is devastated at his death.

So devastated is she that she tries to take her own life in a futile attempt to join him in death: “At twenty I tried to die” (Plath, stanza 12.3). She cannot now escape the reality that is her father’s loss and, consequently, has to find ways of coping with the problem.

She finds temporary reprieve through marriage. The persona walks into marriage with a man who possesses her father’s attributes: “I made a model of you,

A man in black with a Meinkampf look” (Plath, stanza 13.3). The persona hopes to put the spirit of her dead father to rest. Nevertheless, the memory stubbornly refuses to be exorcized and the poem ends in an expected outburst: “Daddy, daddy, you bastard, I’m through” (Plath, stanza 16.5). The persona remains unfulfilled, even through marriage and this arouses anger and frustration in her.

The person then strives to kill the image of her father. The father has been transformed into a vampire who, for some time, has been subjecting her to psychological torture. To illustrate her attempt to exorcise her father’s spirit once and for all, she says:

We will write a custom Essay on Daddy by Sylvia Plath specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If I have killed one man, I have killed two…

The vampire who said he was you

And drank my blood for a year (Plath,stanza 15.1-3)

Essentially, the poem Daddy bears a forceful, but simple effect when read closely. The gradual release of suppressed emotion is felt throughout the poem. It builds to a crescendo at the end of the poem where the persona finally breaks free: “… you bastard, I’m through” (Plath, stanza 16.5).The jinx embodied in the fixation with her father is finally broken down in an intense outburst.

Memory in the poem Daddy brings to the fore the Freudian school of thought, which states that at some point in childhood development, a child is in love with their parent. When the father dies, the persona is so distraught that she attempts to follow him through suicide.

When this fails, she replaces the dead father with a man she believes bears the father’s characteristics. This is accomplished through marriage. The persona gets married not for love, but rather to get a replacement for her dead father. In her mind, marrying someone with characteristics similar to her father would erase the memories that kept on haunting her.

The oppressive patriarchal society in which the persona lives is highlighted for good measure. The persona suffers under the rule of patriarchy for thirty years. This is a typification of many societies that are inherently tilted on gender grounds.

Many women have fallen victims of gender subjugation, which often rears its ugly head through domestic violence and sometimes rape. The plight of women a male chauvinistic society is expressed in this poem in the persona’s words when she describes her father as a brute hearted man wearing boot in his face yet women still adore him.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Daddy by Sylvia Plath by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Women have no option but to put up with cruel men, who occasion untold suffering to the womenfolk. Whereas a few women speak out, many suffer in silence. A part from the father, the persona has suffered in the hands of another man, her husband. She expresses her second suffering through words that clearly describes her husband as a brutal heartless man who added to her prior suffering by breaking her heart.

Memory has also been used in the poem to enhance the plot. The poem is built around the memory of the persona’s father. The persona attempts to piece together scattered fragments of her father’s image in an attempt to mummify him. Through memory, the poet attempts to lend justification for the outrageous portrayal of the father figure as violent, brutish and insensitive.

Through memory, the poet is able to exploit imagery in the poem. Imagery refers to the use of words, phrases or objects that appeal to the five senses of the reader. The title Daddy conjures the image of a caring, sensitive and benevolent individual. However, the entire poem suggests otherwise.

The poem is pregnant with fleeting images of an atrocious individual, a murderer and cruel fellow who also doubles up as a Nazi soldier. The father is referred to as the swastika in stanza 10, line 1. It should be remembered that the swastika was the Nazi emblem which sent chills down the spines of the Jews. As a Nazi man, the father‘s tendency towards extreme forms of violence is emphasized in the following statement from the poem: The boot in the face… (Plath, stanza 10.4).

Thus, the father is used to kicking his way around, dishing out nasty jabs in the faces of his considered adversaries.

Through imagery, the poet seems to be advancing the long-held stereotype that “all men are the same”. This is evident when the speaker recreates her father in another man whom she marries. It is rather ironical that whereas the speaker seems to have hated her father for all the horrible things he represented, she goes ahead to nab a man with similar disposition.

On one hand, the persona hates her father for all his negative attributes while on the other hand, she adores him and would rather marry a man with similar attributes. Probably she concludes that the father’s character is justified.

The memory of the father also describes the dilemma inherent in the personality of the speaker. The persona’s attitude towards the father keeps shifting like quick sand. It is a love-hate relationship that thrusts the persona into the precarious position in which the speaker is gradually forced to make a decision. The persona tried to kill herself at the age of twenty so that she could join her father in death. But at the end of the poem she calls her father a bastard. These two positions clearly illustrate the persona’s dilemma.

It is apparent that the poet attempts to awaken a feminist thinking in the readers’ minds. Reading through the poem, one is likely to be horrified at the suffering that the feminine gender braces itself for as a way of remaining relevant in a male dominated world.

The speaker is brutalized for long and abrasive thirty years, attempts suicide and finally settles down with another male species of the same behavioural dispensation as her father. In the poem Daddy, there is an inevitable blanket condemnation of men in general.

They are portrayed as terrorists who have no feeling for women and have no qualms killing fellow human beings. The speaker’s father, a Nazi soldier, hands out death indiscriminately to Jews. The horrific experience of the Jews is a significant historic occurrence. Millions of Jews met their deaths in the hands of brutal and heartless fellows who herded them in gas chambers.

Memory in the poem Daddy has also been used as a powerful tool for cultivating the underlying theme of suffering. The speaker in the poem seems to be permanently traumatized by her experiences with the man she needed to adore and who betrayed her through death. Consequently, she leads an emotionally disturbed life, one in which she is perpetually trapped and is seeking a long-lasting solution.

The solution, according to the speaker, is a drastic one. The persona first recognizes that there were some good qualities underneath the father’s brutal character, but goes ahead to conclude that since villagers did him then he is nothing but a bustard (Plath, stanza 16.5).

The poet pronounces a death sentence to any man falling short of the glory and is less than human to their loved ones. The mention of villagers suggests that it is a universal responsibility to punish men depicting extreme tendencies towards women. The poet, through the persona, finds release in the death of the vampire (brutish man). Vampires, in most mythologies, are killed by driving a stake through their hearts.

In the poem Daddy memory also defines the development of the speaker in terms of physiological and emotional growth. As a child, she fondly addresses her father as “daddy”. Like every other child, her daddy is the best, infallible and immortal. The poem indicates that she was only ten when the father was laid to rest (Plath, stanza 12.2).

At this stage, the speaker does not know how to handle the situation. But as she grows older, certain emotions begin to take shape in her mind. She is furious at the menacing memory of her father. This “new” memory disturbs her greatly. She then decides to take matters into her own hands and attempts to commit suicide.

The memory helps the reader to realize the physiological growth of the daughter. At twenty, she attempts suicide, but is rescued in time. Afterwards, she is old enough to get married, which she does. She is also old enough to wrestle with the demon of her late father and is able to overcome as illustrated in the last line of the poem.

This is an indication that she finally vanquishes the troubles that have been afflicting her since the death of her father. She is finally able to free herself from the manacles of patriarchy. She realizes that the patriarchal bondage cannot be addressed by replacing one man with another.

It is worth noting that memory in the poem is portrayed as both a bane and a boon. As a bane, it leads many people into emotional breakdowns. In this poem, the memory of her father leads the speaker into attempting to take her own life. Maybe her life would have been better had she blanked out the painful memories of her father.

Secondly, the memory leads her into committing another mistake: she marries a man, not out of love, but his resemblance to her dead father. This is because she is craving for a father figure. This act of commission may just spell a fresh episode male-orchestrated suffering at the hands of another man.

As a boon, memories are known to have a cathartic effect on individuals. In this poem, the painful recollections of the speaker’s late father set the stage for recovery. She is able to vent her feelings and emotions at her missing father; hence, at the end of the poem, she finds release. This would have been impossible without the triggering effect of her father’s memories. At the end of the poem, she can be considered cured from the persistent nightmares of her late father.

In conclusion, Sylvia Plath’s Daddy is an exquisite bundle of poetic artistry as exemplified by the use of memory as the backbone of the poem. Memories in the poem render it almost autobiographical and hence make for good reading.

Moreover, the issues raised in the poem are quite contemporary and, therefore, more research needs to be conducted on more of Plath’s poems. This could just be the much needed remedy that feminists seek in the male-dominated world. It could also be a priceless gem in the recovery of heavily traumatized individuals.

Work Cited Plath, Sylvia. Daddy. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 7th Ed. Bayn, Nina, Klinkowitz, Jerome, Krupt Arnold, Leoffelholz, Mary and Wallace, Patricia. New York: W. W. Norton


Bram Stoker’s Dracula Critical Essay college admissions essay help

The Phyllis Roth critical essay discusses the themes of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. The research focuses on the summary of Phyllis Roth’s critical analysis of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. The research centers on giving a critical response to the Roth analysis.

The Roth critical essay on the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel is very entertaining, educational, and touching. In terms of summary, Phyllis Roth emphasized the secrets of Bram Stocker’s Dracula novel. Royce MacGillwray stated “Such a myth lives not merely because it has been skillfully marketed by entrepreneurs but because it expresses something that large numbers of readers feel to be true about their own lives.” (Byron 11).

Maurice Richardson shows Dracula as “a quite blatant demonstration of the Oedipus complex… a kind of incestuous, necrophilous, oral-anal-sadistic all-in-wrestling match” (Byron 11). In addition, Carrol Fry emphasized that the female vampires represent “the fallen women of the 18th and 19th century fiction” (Byron 11).

The women vampires are depicted as sexually aggressive who can easily verbally attack. Richardson characterizes the Dracula story as relevant to Freud’s research indicating that the morbid dread character represents repressed sexual desires; Count Dracula is a morbid dread person. Blake Hobby (23) proposed Count Dracula is seen as a person who is characterized as having lustful anticipation of his successful sexual consummation. In addition, Jonathan Harker eagerly anticipates kissing the three sexually aggressive women vampires.

Likewise, the three women vampires fight to be the first to kiss Jonathan. Vampires are depicted as being death, morality, immortality, and aggressive sexual desires. The story discusses the jealous rivalry of the sons and the father for the mother, originally belonging to the son. Likewise, sexual rival ensues among the three suitors, including the rejected Dr. Seward, for hand of Lucy, who eventually turns into a vampire.

Dracula is shown as making love with both Lucy and Mina to the jealous disgust of the two women’s suitors. In fact, Van Helsing reminded Mina, in front of her suitors, “Do you forget that last night he (Count Dracula) banqueted heavily and will sleep late”. The Val Helsing quote reminds Mina of Count Dracula’s sexual intercourse with Mina (Byron 18).

Count Dracula fumes with jealousy when he discovers Jonathan in the same room as his three women vampires. Dracula furiously states to the three women vampires “How dare you touch him, any of you?”(Byron 19). The story ends up with Dracula destroyed and Van Helsing saved. Likewise, Lucy is destroyed and Mina is saved.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In terms of response, the manner and style of writing of Roth’s critical analysis of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel was written in exceptional manner and style. The author uses quotes from the original Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel.

The writer uses the quotes to show proof of the author’s understanding of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. The author gathers many evidences to prove that the entire Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel is grounded on sexual aggressiveness. The novel depicts the women as sexually aggressive. The Roth discussion ends with a big bang. She closes by stating who survived in the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. The author also ends by mentioning who perished in the same novel.

The author finally closes the curtain on the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel by majestically mentioning Van Helsing’s quoted line “We want no proofs; we ask non to believe us! This boy will some day know what a brave and gallant woman his mother is. Already he knows here sweetness and loving care; later on he will understand how some men so loved her, that they did dare so much for here sake” (Byron 21).

Further, Christoph Haeberlein (11) stated that the author’s effect on the mind is very thought enlightening. Before the reading the book, one would generally predicate the theme of the author’s writing is based on fear. However, as one reads the Roth writing, fear is set to the sidelines.

Sexual desire and family are the major themes of the Roth critical analysis. The author vividly shows the vampire women as persons hungry to dive into bed with a male partner. In crystal-clear manner, the author describes Count Dracula as a pleasing lover. The same author points to Count Dracula as a jealous person.

Dracula is shown as both a person who needs love as well as gives love. Just like human beings, Count Dracula does not want his sexual objects of desire to be grabbed by other males. The author creatively metamorphoses the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel from a horror novel to a love story environment. Furthermore, Carol Davison (166) proposed the Roth critical analysis affects the readers’ emotions.

The readers are emotionally entertained by Roth’s unique interpretation of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. The emotion of happiness will crop up as the readers realize that the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel is not a horror story. The viewers of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel will understand that the novel is filled with love conquests. The story includes emphasis on the women vampires as person needing love and willing to give love to any person who comes to their path.

We will write a custom Essay on Bram Stoker’s Dracula specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Likewise, the Roth critical analysis of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel specifically describes the vampires, including Count Dracula, have similar preferences to both fall in love and to need love in return. The readers of the Roth critical analysis will eagerly comprehend the author’s message of love and family life. The author clearly discusses Dracula’s failures. Just like other regular persons, Count Dracula has the same problem of resolving failures in life.

In fact, Dracula’s failure is very evident. Count Dracula succumbs to defeat at the end of the story. Count Dracula fails to prevent Jonathan from entering and having love intentions on his three female vampires. In turn, Count Dracula instructs the three females to replace their attention from Jonathan to another child. In addition, the Roth critical analysis painstakingly discusses Count Dracula as a good father of the family.

The average father will do whatever is necessary to protect and care for one’s family members. In addition, the typical father does not want his children to violate any of his instructions. Doing so would be a violation of the children’s respect for their father, Count Dracula. As a father, Count Dracula, only means the best for his wife, Mina, and his children.

Likewise, the Roth critical analysis of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel influences the readers’ character. The readers will learn that one’s character is important. The readers are persuaded to put love and family above all else. The same author invites the readers to defend one’s territory, market segment, property, love interest and ownership from intruders.

The author of the Roth critical analysis understandably impresses on the readers to create and defend one’s character at all times, even to the point of endangering one’s life. Count Dracula died trying to protect his territory, market segment, property, love interest and ownership from all intruding parties. Lastly, the Roth critical analysis explains that Count Dracula was successful in some of his characteristic endeavors.

Just like ordinary human beings, Count Dracula was not as successful in other character challenges. The tragic end of Count Dracula clearly shows that the head vampire is just like other human beings. Normally, human beings either win or loss in their characteristic ventures. The author clearly shows that the most important factor is not the winning or the losing in one’s everyday struggles.

On the other hand, the author puts priority to the theory that all persons, including the vampires of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel, must prioritize taking a stand on every issue. Winning or losing the struggle to defend one’s side of the struggle is secondary to standing for one’s beliefs and convictions. Based on the above discussion, the Phyllis Roth critical essay discusses the arguments of the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel. The summary of the Roth critical analysis focuses on love and family life, just like normal human beings.

The critical response to the Roth critical analysis shows that Count Dracula, the three woman vampires, Jonathan, Lucy, Mina, and the other characters need to both give love and receive love, just like other human beings. Indeed, the Roth critical essay on the Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel is exceptionally entertaining, exceedingly educational, and superbly touching. In terms of recommendation, the readers should treasure and implement the many critical teachings of the Roth critical analysis.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Bram Stoker’s Dracula by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The readers must understand that love and family are what drives every person, including the vampires, to live. The author of the Roth critical analysis strongly states that the average person, especially Count Dracula, will go out of one’s way to protect and care for one’s family and love interest. Lastly, death is nothing when compared to fighting for one’s market segment, property, love interest and ownership from all encroachers.

Works Cited Davison, Carol. Bram Stoker’s Dracula: Sucking Through the Century. New York: Dundun Press, 1997.

Haeberlein, Chriistoph. Issues of Sexuality in “Bram Stoker’s Dracula”. New York: Grin Press, 2009.

Hobby, Blake. Bloom’s Literary Themes. New York: Infobase Press, 2010.

Byron, Glennis. Dracula: Bram Stoker. New York: Palgrave Press, 1999.


Aviation/ Skywest Airlines Essay college essay help: college essay help

Table of Contents Introduction



Reference List

Introduction Regional airlines are airlines that conduct regional operations by either contracting with major airlines and acting as a feeder airline for them and using the major airline’s brand name, or providing a means of transport to isolated and small communities under their own brand name. The airlines can also operate under their brand name and operate scheduled services as independent airlines. Sky West Airlines is one of the biggest regional airlines in the Unites States.

Discussion Sky West Airlines is a regional airline based in North America. This airline operates under other large airlines as a feeder. Feeder airlines contract with major airlines and operate under their brand names. These airlines pick passengers from surrounding communities and deliver them to the major airline’s centers.

Feeder airlines are also useful in operating on days when the use of large aircrafts is not necessary because of few passengers. SkyWest Airlines, together with Atlantic Southeast Airlines are owned by SkyWest Airlines, Inc. The airline’s mission is to ensure that the airline is the customer’s first travel option and also to provide employment and investment opportunities to people.

SkyWest Airlines is headed by Russell Childs as the president and Chief Operating Officer. He has played a big role in strengthening the relationships between SkyWest Airlines and its partners. Mr. Childs has experience in construction, truck driving, and accounting.

He has a bachelor’s degree in economics and a master’s degree in Accounting. Jerry Atkin is the chairman of the board and the Chief Executive Officer. There are other directors heading various operations like customer service, maintenance, flight operations, marketing, in-flight, accounting and information technology, among others.

The airline was started in 1972 by Ralph Atkin, performing operations like aircraft maintenance, a flight school, air charter services and air ambulance services. Its very first fleet comprised of a six-seater Piper Seneca, a two-seater Piper Cherokee 140, a four-seater Cherokee Arrow and a six-seater Cherokee Six.

In 1977, the SkyWest Airlines made agreements with American Airlines, United Airlines, Texas International and Hughes, and this allowed check-in and baggage transfers between the airlines for the passengers. Its operations and costs increased in 1978 when it became certified as a major commuter airline. In 1980 SkyWest Airlines had a total of 150 employees and flew eight routes in four states.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In 1982, SkyWest Airlines received a permanent route authority to Nev, Elko, Ely and Reno. It flew about 87 flights daily and earned a net income of about $123,000. SkyWest Airlines bought Sun Aire in 1984 and became the eleventh largest regional airline in the United States, with a total of 250 employees.

In 1986 SkyWest Airlines offered its stock publicly and traded its shares under the name SKYW on the NASDAQ exchange. The money earned enabled the airline to clear the debts owed to Sun Aire and SGU hangar. The money was also used to acquire five new EMB 120 Brasilia turboprop aircrafts. Western was bought by Delta Airlines and this enabled SkyWest Airlines to become a carrier for Delta Connection. Thus, the airline was able to compete with other regional airlines like United Express and American Eagle.

In 1991 SkyWest Airlines made a profit of $2,024,000. Its founder Ralph Atkin retired as the chairman of the board and the position was taken up by Jerry Atkin. By now it had a total of 1528 employees and served eight states with a fleet comprising of 35 Metros and 15 Brasilias. SkyWest Airlines commenced a code-sharing agreement in 1997 with United Airlines and this greatly expanded the company. The airline was named the best managed airline and top regional airline of the year in 2000.

The airline made a code-sharing agreement with Continental airlines in 2003 and it began to provide regional services for them. During the same year, the company also launched their new and improved website. In that year, SkyWest Airlines earned $66,787,000 and carried about 10.7 million passengers.

In 2004, the Department of Transportation named SkyWest Airlines the best punctual airline in the United States. It had held the title for the past two years. It had a total of 7,000 employees and it carried about 13.4 million passengers. During that year it had net earnings of $81,952,000.

SkyWest Airlines launched its flights as a partner with Air Tran Airways. Currently, SkyWest Airlines employs about 11,000 employees and operates about 1,600 flights each day for its partners, Midwest Connect, United Express and Delta Connection. In 2010 SkyWest Airlines ltd. earned a total of 122.5 million dollars (SkyWest Airlines, 2011).

SkyWest Airlines is involved in partnerships with other airlines like Alaska Airlines, Delta Airlines, and United Airlines. The airline operates flights for these partners and they perform the ticketing and reservation services. Reservations can either be done over the counter, online or by phone. Incase of delay or cancellation of flights, the customers are notified on time and the reasons given.

We will write a custom Essay on Aviation/ Skywest Airlines specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The airline operates under fee-per-departure agreements with other airlines. This means that the major carriers are responsible for advertising and marketing. SkyWest Airlines is paid by the major airlines per flight (Plunkett, 2007).

In airline partnerships, the principal of code sharing is applied. This involves the sharing of airline identification codes and flight numbers between the major airlines and regional partners. For instance, SkyWest Airlines shares identification codes with Delta Airlines. This enables passengers to buy tickets from one airline and can change planes before reaching their destination.

The regional airline interacts with other international partners. It has affiliations with other airlines like Bombardier, Delta Airlines, Embraer, Regional Airline Association and United Airlines. SkyWest Airlines started its partnership with Bombardier aerospace in 1987. It operates their orders. It partnered with Delta Airlines in 1987. SkyWest Airlines is also a member of Regional Airline Association. The association represents the regional airlines in the United States. SkyWest Airlines operates as a feeder airline for United Airlines.

Regional airlines were originally seen as small by the major airlines pilots. But nowadays these airlines operate larger aircrafts on their routes. The pilot unions developed contracts that limited the amount of time and number of seats that could be flown by regional airlines. The Delta Airline union limited the number of seats that SkyWest and other regional airlines could fly.

But since they did not limit the number of aircrafts that they could fly, SkyWest Airlines and other airlines acquired more aircrafts. This affected Delta Airlines by reducing the number of pilot jobs. Major airlines do this so that they can increase their profits by using the regional airlines’ aircrafts that offer more city routes, cheaper pay for the pilots, and less cost structure.

Recently, regional airlines are employing airline managers who have college qualifications and a lot of experience both within and without the airline industry. In the past, managers used to rise up the corporate ladder from junior positions through their hard work and extra efforts. But nowadays the regional airlines have become complex and therefore the managers need to be trained on the running of modern airlines.

The old managers can also be replaced by educated managers who can be able to run the company to meet the current sophisticated needs of passengers. A regional airline manager needs to be very knowledgeable and able to minimize costs and adapt to changes in the airline industry. The airlines should be well managed to prevent losses and inconveniences caused by avoidable incidents like workers’ strikes (Wensveen, 2007).

Between 1970 and 1980, there were very many accidents involving regional airlines. These can be attributed to the swift growth of the airlines and therefore there was a need for many pilots to fly the aircrafts. There was not an adequate amount of time to efficiently train enough pilots to take up the numerous career opportunities that arose.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Aviation/ Skywest Airlines by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition, the equipment used were not as sophisticated as those used by other major airlines. The airlines also used the old rules that were not so keen on the demand for high qualifications of flight attendants and other crew. On top of that, pilots used to move from one airline to another without their job records being checked. A pilot would commit an offence or error in one airline and move to another one.

However, nowadays these records are checked and the pilots who commit some types of offences and violations cannot be employed by another airline. Currently, there are few accidents involving regional airlines because the above problems have been addressed. Today, regional airlines are even considered as a better option for safe travel compared to major airlines (Davies and Quastler, 1995).

SkyWest Airlines has several principles which guide it in the management of the business processes. These include giving first priority to the safety and health of the customers and ensuring the delivery of the best services to them. The company also upholds the principles of fairness, reliability, and commercial integrity. SkyWest Airlines provides the safest mode of air transport and has had few cases of accidents in a very long time.

SkyWest Airlines’ fleet has four types of aircrafts namely Canadair Regional Jet 700, Canadair Regional Jet 900, Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet 200 and 30-passenger EMB 120 Brasilias. There is a total of 313 aircrafts in the entire SkyWest Airlines fleet. The Dual-Class CRJ900 fleet has 21 aircrafts, 21 Dual-Class CRJ700, 151 CRJ200, 70 Three-Class CRJ700, five Single-Class CRJ700 and 45 aircrafts in the EMB 120 fleet.

Before a SkyWest Airlines airplane is flown, it undergoes thorough inspection in all the mechanical parts to ensure that it is functioning properly to ensure the safety of passengers. The flight crew is highly trained and experienced in all flight operations. The pilots at SkyWest Airlines are trained continuously and regularly for their entire careers.

The pilots are also given a lot of time to rest in order to ensure that they concentrate on their jobs, to ensure the safety of the passengers. They work for about four to five hours and are granted a 13 days leave every month. The pilots fly for about 940 hours per year which is less than the period of time allowed by the Federal Aviation Administration.

The SkyWest Airlines aircrafts are technologically developed. They are installed with technology features to prevent any accidents. For instance, a Ground Proximity Warning System warns the pilot incase of any obstacle on the way. It also warns them if they get very close to the ground when the plane is not ready for landing. A Global Positioning System gauges the position of the airlines. Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System is also used to determine the position of aircrafts (Seitz and Steele, 1985).

SkyWest Airlines employees enjoy the benefits of traveling at reduced fares. Their family members are also entitled to various privileges by the airline, including discounts and travel opportunities like car rentals and hotel services. The employees moreover have a health plan for insurance support and personal health.

There are other benefits like credit union membership, life insurance, educational savings plan and performance rewards, among others. The airline also employs people without discrimination. It is especially keen in non-discriminatory employment of people with disabilities, women, and the minorities. The airline ensures a good working environment for all the employees in order to ensure that they deliver quality services to the customers.

SkyWest Airlines does not allow passengers to bring certain types of luggage onboard, for instance, very large equipment. Explosive, corrosive, poisonous and magnetic items are also not allowed in the aircrafts to ensure the safety of the passengers. Passengers are allowed to travel with pets provided they put them in small kernels that can fit under the owner’s seat because seats can not be reserved for pets. The pets should also remain in the kernels throughout to protect other passengers from being attacked by them.

SkyWest Airlines cares for the needs of disabled people and they are encouraged to specify the nature of their disability when doing reservations so that it can be taken into account and their needs taken care of. For the physically handicapped, there are onboard wheelchairs on CRJ900 and CRJ 700 aircrafts.

SkyWest Airlines has grown very rapidly from operating one Piper Seneca to becoming one of the biggest regional airlines in the world. It has expanded its routes and acquired more airplanes and also the profits generated have greatly soared. The company now has a workforce of about 8,000 employees. The airline has used various strategies to grow in leaps and bounds. The airline has thrived on forming partnerships with other major airlines.

The company is also exploring many opportunities and even hopes to start partnerships with other low-cost airlines instead of just relying on network carriers. The company also plans to start operating independently in the 100-plus seat range aircrafts. The airline also plans to maintain continued and increased contractual deals with its partners and create even more partnerships with other regional airlines in the United States.

Conclusion From the above discussion, it is clear that regional airlines form a great part of the airline industry. They have expanded and their standards have even surpassed those of major airlines.

They have even become the customers’ number one choice for the safe and convenient services they offer. Through the various partnerships that SkyWest Airlines and other airlines have formed, they have been able to reach a large number of customers. Due to its rapid growth, SkyWest Airlines is bound to become an extremely large regional airline.

Reference List Davies, R.E.G. and Quastler, I. E. (1995). Commuter Airlines of the United States. USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Plunkett, J.W. (2007). Plunkett’s Transportation, Supply Chain and Logistics Industry Almanac 2007 (E-Book): Transportation, Supply Chain and Logistics Industry Market Research, Statistics, Trends and Leading Companies. USA: Plunkett Research, Ltd.

Seitz, F., and Steele, L.W. (1985). The Competitive Status Of The U.S. Civil Aviation Manufacturing Industry: A Study Of The Influences Of Technology In Determining International Industrial Competitive Advantage. USA: National Academies.

SkyWest Airlines. (2011). General Information. Retrieved from

Wensveen, J. G. (2007). Air Transportation: A Management Perspective. Great Britain: Ashgate Publishing.


Narrative Analysis: Covenant and Sacrifice in the Story of Abraham and Isaac Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Since the onset of the Jewish history, the narrative on the sacrifice of Isaac has raised more questions than answers. However, the story has remained powerful as manifested by the spreading of monotheistic religions (Rosenberg 12). However, as professor Miles argues in his lectures, God always enters covenants with his people. Through diligent and constant reading, the understanding of man, God and the covenant becomes complex as dynamism engenders the issue. Consequently, at times the understanding becomes muddled in ambiguity.

The order by God to Abraham to sacrifice Isaac was a stern test. In fact, the sacrifice did not materialize as anticipated since the angel sent by God asked Abraham not to harm the boy, Isaac (Rosenberg 1). This illustrates a crucial point, that intent and desire are important elements in reference to relations between God and his people. It equally emerges that the killing presents the conclusion of a planned activity. As such, it is evident that Abraham was intent on obeying God irrespective of the consequences.

Having obeyed and shown the desire to take God’s commands, the next step was to kill Isaac as instructed. However, killing Isaac could not do anything further to convince God, as the main issue was the intent and the desire by Abraham. More concisely, Abraham had demonstrated to God that he was willing and ready to do as directed. Since the actual killing was only to mark the end of the mission, it was not necessary. God was satisfied by Abraham’s intent and desire.

Based on the above discourse, it remains unclear what side of the argument is preferable. To begin, God is the one who ordered Abraham to sacrifice Isaac. On the basis of this account, it is easy to point out that God favored such sacrifices. Thus, the covenant supports the use of human sacrifices.

On the contrary, it would be naive to leave the discussion at that point. This view is held since it is the same God who offered a ram for sacrifice. The act of replacing Isaac with the ram may explain a shift in the nature of sacrifices. At this point, it is discernable that God was pointing out the need to move away from offering human sacrifices.

It is important to note that God instructed Abraham to sacrifice Isaac. However, God offered an alternative sacrificial object to Abraham. This point clearly underscores the aim of God. God was not interested in the actual act of killing Isaac. Instead, God was examining the extent to which Abraham would go towards obeying his commands.

Using this illustration, it is arguable that the covenant between God and Abraham annuls the need to offer human sacrifice. By offering an alternative sacrificial object, God was ending human sacrifice. This point is further augmented by the idea that if God was tempting Abraham, then he could have just told Abraham to stop at the point where the angel appeared and go home or proceed to the day’s activities without having to sacrifice the animal.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the covenant, God promises to make Abraham a father of many descendants (Thompson 3). In addition, God promised Abraham unmatched prosperity in the future. Based on the circumstances, it emerges that the promises were implicit since at that time it was difficult to establish how the promises would happen. The distinction between implicit and explicit promises is valuable as it goes a long way to reflect the status of Abraham in reference to holding faith and trust upon God.

In the narrative, it is clear that Abraham has only one son. Apparently, God asks Abraham to sacrifice the only son. Later, God offers a ram for sacrifice.

It should be noted that the instructions are coming from God. As such, it is easy to develop two viewpoints regarding the place of human sacrifice. On the one hand, circumstances allow for human sacrifice and on the other hand, the offering of the ram serves as a substitute for humans when sacrificing. It is important to maintain focus while analyzing this case in order to avoid having a selective view.

This covenant underscores the element of obedience, intention and desire. God was taking Abraham through trials to establish his suitability to carry out his will. Thus, the bottom-line is on the desire to obey God and the intention to carry out his will. To God, an exercise like killing/sacrificing a person/animal is not important, as obeying him is. Based on this evidence, it is observable that the covenant between God and Abraham presents a reason to do way with human sacrifice.

The covenant between God and Abraham clearly illustrates that the focus is on the obedience. God is faithful and always fulfills his promises. However, God looks for people who are ready to carry on any tasks he wants accomplished. It is also held that God used this covenant to do away with human sacrifices. As such, those who use this covenant to support offering human sacrifices are likely to run into major problems should they attempt to persuade believers.

Works Cited Rosenberg, David. Abraham: the first historical biography. New York: Basic Books, 2006.

Thompson, Thomas. The Historicity of the Patriarchal Narratives: The Quest for the Historical Abraham. Valley Forge, Pa: Trinity Press International, 2002.

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Operations Management and Productivity Essay college application essay help

Hard Rock’s management decision to modify its menu from its traditional American burgers and chicken wings delicacies that were popular in its outlets was to incorporate higher end meals in its menu. This was aimed to make the restaurant’s menu competitive in the saturated market.

The decision to standardize its retail outlets and make them more customer-friendly and attractive was intended to ensure that this facet of the restaurant grows the revenue streams for the chain. Currently, the facet contributes closely to 48% of Hard Rock’s revenue (Heizer


Hotel management Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Like many other businesses, restaurant management encompasses a wide range of strategies which have to be implemented in order to realize profitable results. Some of these aspects of hotel management include but not limited to revenue enhancement techniques, dining trends, training and development and menu design. This essay analyses The Cheesecake Factory website with reference to these management elements.

The first feature that is noticed on the website of The Cheesecake Factory is the identification with customers and visitors. Before the entire information on the site loads, the visitor is requested to identify his or her location.

This implies that the factory values visitors knowing that they are potential customers. Through feedback collected from this question, The Cheesecake Factory can have an understanding of the need to improve website services and cover certain areas as it purposes to maintain high competitive advantage in the restaurant business.

The overall view of the factory’s homepage is amazing and attractive. At a glance, a visitor can easily tell that the factory operates in the hotel industry. Apart from informative links displayed on this page, there are animations of sample meals which are breath-taking and attractive to eyes and appetite.

These animations give a menu link which briefly describes the item together with accompaniments. On the same page, viewers are prompted to search their locations to view a “take out menu” (The Cheesecake Factory 1). This link gives a map showing all the regions covered with a further search giving the location of the restaurant, additional services like parking and hours of operation.

As mentioned above, the homepage gives several informative links for customers and visitors. The menu link gives a welcome note and a list of foodstuffs offered as displayed on the menu. From the welcome note, the customer is introduced to the countless number of foods served (The Cheesecake Factory 1).

Moreover, customers are allowed to give specifications of their order for those who require customized meals. Besides this welcoming in information, customers can view the menu which gives a summarized description of each item including some of their accompaniments and composition. The list is endless, giving a variety for customers to choose from.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The site also permits online shopping as customers are given several options from which they can make decisions. At the center of this is the “order now” link which gives concise information concerning the order and delivery charges. The factory further explains all the charges incurred including the exact cost of the order, shipping and handling charges.

It also gives a sketch of the order, indicating measurements to depict size. Cooperate shopping is also allowed in order to serve customers who have bulky orders. Gift cards are also found on the website with a variety of options (The Cheesecake Factory 1). This allows customers to buy ecards and gift cards from a huge collection. Detailed information about the cards is also given.

Analytically, The Cheesecake Factory website is interactive, informative and navigable with a lot of ease. It literally gives all the information that a customer or visitor could be looking for. It also allows visitors to leave their comments, sent email or even make direct calls to the office whose physical address has also been given. This ensures that all the customer needs are attended to.

It can therefore be noted that The Cheesecake Factory observes basic and fundamental principles of hotel management with a solid focus on satisfying the needs of customers through convenient and quality service delivery. Training and development is enhanced as outlined under the careers’ link. It also enhances revenue through other related business activities. Dining trends and menu designs are exceptional to fully address customer needs.

Work Cited The Cheesecake Factory. The Cheesecake Factory, 2011. Web. .


The Marriage Notions Essay college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction





Introduction Relationships are extremely important in the life of different individuals and in the pursuit of ideal relationships many couples end up getting married. However, most couples end not getting married and choose to cohabit. Cohabitation has been regarded problematic by many in the society, but I do not agree with their assessment.

Overview Cohabitation is a common practice among different societies in the world that has transcended time and age. A philosopher by name of Warren defines marriage from different viewpoints while opposing polygamy, incest and gay marriages. Warren talks of modern marriages as being a notion and that they cannot be counted as marriages.

According to Warren, he believes in marriage as being between one woman and one man. This is a fallacy based on believe of marriage as being a relationship between one and woman. The fallacy is based on his appeal to tradition; this assertion is not true because different communities had dissimilar forms of marriage[1]. Although Warren admits that a marriage is between one and one woman, he does not agree to the definition of a commitment between an old person and a young girl as marriage.

Warren compares and groups incestuous, polygamy and gay marriages into one category; this is a fallacy since all these marriage are not similar in qualities[2]. Warren does not give evidence on the similarities of same-sex marriages and incest.

He only argues that same sex marriages are appalling since it could only resemble incest. Polygamy has been practiced for centuries by the Islam religion that recognizes these practices. It would not be true to conclude that polygamy is the same as incest or pedophilia since all of them are different in the number of people involved in the marriage[3].

The biggest fallacy in Warren’s definition of marriage is the fact that in traditional marriages men has more power and influence compared to women. In modern marriages, men and women have equal roles and women are not subservient to men as in the traditional marriage setup.

In my own assessment cohabitation is not dangerous since the practice resembles marriage. In the past before marriages were fully accepted and integrated in the society cohabitation was widely accepted form of lasting relationships. The acceptance of cohabitation has been due to various factors including lack of trust in marriages[4].

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many married couples face problems such as mistrust, disagreements and lack of love. These problems are also experienced among cohabiting couples and thus it would be prudent to conclude that they are the same. A cohabitation relationship is loosely held since it is not recognized by law or religion.

According to modern law, couples in a cohabitation relationship of over three years are deemed as being legally married. Cohabitation is not dangerous based on the fact that separation is simple, unlike marriages whereby couples undergo painful divorces; cohabitation is not mired with same problems[5].

Conclusion Many people have different notions and believe on marriages, and with the current trend of marriages, some researchers have disputed some forms of marriages. A philosopher by the name of Warren argued that polygamy, same sex marriages and pedophilia did not qualify as a marriage. However, he does not differentiate the differences in the three marriages that make them not to qualify as accepted forms of marriage. We make use of Warren’s fallacies to explore cohabitation and its importance in the society today.

Bibliography Vaughn, Lewis. The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning about Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims. Boston, MA: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Footnotes Vaughn, Lewis. The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning about Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims. (Boston, MA: Oxford University Press, 2009), 31.

Ibid., 183.

Ibid., 180.

Ibid., 179.

Ibid., 192.


The Internal Revenue Service Uncovers Tax Fraud with a Data Warehouse Case Study online essay help

The Internal Revenue Service The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the U.S public agency that collects taxes and implements tax laws. Since its inception in 1860s, IRS has grown relative to America’s population. IRS has processed many individual tax returns, especially in 2006, when it processed almost 134 million returns.

Nevertheless, the IRS, Sybase and other unscrupulous Americans have joined hands to implement a data warehouse called Compliance Data Warehouse (CDW). This warehouse has enhanced efficiency and more money is being collected from the taxpayers.

The data warehouse was important for the IRS because there were loads of accumulated information such as personal and tax information. Initially, the data was stored in older systems that were organized in many ways.

The data was stored in hierarchical mainframe databases, flat files or other relational databases. However, it was not easy to query and analyze data, especially from flat files, and that is why the IRS together with the group decided to implement the CDW, which allows flexible queries in the large database used in the whole world. CDW is a relational database and has billions or rows and many columns that contain complex links to many schedules.

The database enables the IRS researchers to search billions of records by use of a centralized source instead of multiple conflicting sources. CDW has enabled IRS to recover billions of dollars from the tax returns that was lost under the legacy system. The CDW is able to hold many terabytes of data and allow data access using many tools (Laudon and Laudon 252).

Despite the CDW having many benefits, its implementation was complicated, especially converting the old data to the new system since the data was not consistent.

In addition, persuading organizations to upgrade their system was not an easy task. Despite of all these challenges, the implementation was successful. After implementation, IRS got a 200-1 ratio of tax returns. The CDW also detected many mistakes in tax returns because it is able to determine organizations or people who cheat on taxes. CDW has reduced time to trace mistakes from eight months to just a few hours.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Data transportation was upgraded from using tapes to using a 2-terabyte network with attached storage applications. These storage devices are encrypted to make the data safe during transportation whereas the legacy tapes were not safe. Audits have proved that CDW is working well because it detects tax cheats. The IRS has minimized tax audits on honest taxpayers and has increased audits on the people whose tax information is at fault (Laudon and Laudon 252).

In essence, it was not easy to analyze the taxpayer data because there was no ease and speed in the way of detecting mistakes in tax returns. In addition, it was not easy to query and analyze data in the legacy system.

The technological challenge that IRS encountered was conversion of data from legacy to the new system because the structure of IRS data was not reliable due to its change from year to year. Management of data using CDW was another challenge because IRS had never handled such large amounts. Convincing organizations to upgrade their old systems and adapt to data warehouses was also a challenge and more so to government agencies.

Moreover, due to speed and ease with which the CDW was able to detect mistakes and cheats, it was easy for IRS to tell the people who are not honest with their tax returns. This enabled them to do more audits on information of such people and fewer audits on innocent taxpayers.

Other federal sectors where data warehouses are useful include justice, education, national aeronautics, space management and departments of defense. The data warehouses are useful in these sectors because they are used to detect fraud, abuse, evaluate research and scientific information, detect illegal activities and criminal patterns and detect terrorist tricks or activities.

Work Cited Laudon Kenneth and Jane Laudon. Management Information System: Managing The Digital Firm. 11th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, Prentice Hall, 2009. Print


Civil War Paper: Valley of the shadow Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

The valley of the shadow deals with digital history detailing experiences of confederate soldiers from Augusta country, Virginia and the Union soldiers from the Franklin country, Pennsylvania. The daughters of the Confederacy in Maryland held a common and fruitful bazaar in the fifth regiment armory, Baltimore, December 2nd. The valley of the shadow explains the history the citizens especially the blacks had to go.

The church tells of a spiritual life of a community to connections and dissonances. They kept records of the members making notes of the marriage, baptism, births, and death. They detailed excommunication and extraordinary events in lives of their parishioners, while some churches never kept any records.

Most of the churches did not own buildings instead they gathered when a traveling priest came in their area. In 1995-1996, the valley project searched churches of Franklin and Augusta counties for the book record. All the religion and politics gets represented by the contributors to the monument funds (Emerson 45).

Evans-Siberts family lived in Augusta country, Virginia. The family practiced iron business through which they earned their daily bread. Mary Ann who was also called Mollie, eventually married David Evans in 1870 and they proceeded to live with their family in Mount Solon.

During the Eve of the War three, letters to Mollie exposed the concerns of the young adults. Ella used to write to wrote to Mollie as a mutual friend meanwhile, Samuel Coyner tells used to tell his precedent follies and the current sobriety and his experience in the company. The family underwent a lot of problems because of being free blacks. Discrimination of the blacks rose with time as their elimination got higher.

In the course of the war, Clinton Hatcher used to write several letters to Mary Anna Sibert, discussing the hatred between the northern and southern groups of abolitionists. He expressed his readiness to kill the union soldiers. Later he discussed Sibert’s life in mount Solon mutually with an explanation on her family as well as her character for flirtatiousness (Mohr 55).

The free blacks got reminded of their status within the slave society. The state legislature commanded them to register at the courthouse in January 1803. The second law designed to control the free black population that required freed slave depart the state within one year of their liberation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This law got modified to give a chance to the local courts and grant persons permission to remain. The free blacks needed to record their age, name, color and visible birth marks. Unlike the census, the burden laid on free blacks included of registering as well as to pay a fee for registration.

The order from General J.E Johnston’s to captain Ashab Johnson commanded Harper’s having relieved Colonel (Brigadier-General 76). Ashby at the Belgin Bridge the order of June 8, 1861 directed Harper to be burned. Johnsons evacuated Harper’s for carrying out his duties efficiently. The life of soldier before and during the war dictated the life of the community. May 1862 the first Maryland Infantry under the Major-General Elwell joins Jackson at this time. (Lida 17)

Slave-owner census in Augusta County counted the number of slaves using their gender and color without recording their names. The owner’s name got recorded as well as database for all information which enclosed the slave owner’s survey. Data base information got recorded in the newspaper transcription. The newspaper kept a record of the entire event that took place in before and after valley of the shadow (Conrad 31).

The free black found in Shenandoah Valley got treated in an inferior way of life and status. The occupational opportunity differed between the two communities that included the white and the blacks. However, free Africa-America got confined to manual jobs.

The whites, on the other hand, involved themselves in white color jobs and to cover this unfairness they employed few free blacks to work together with them. The free blacks got shut out from the defenses of the semi-skilled profession notable exception occurred. Robert Campbell, a black citizen found successful employment as a barber in Staunton. This shows that black citizens, in some part of the Northern end of the valley emerged to be successful (Jefferson 90).

Free black citizens in the valley of Shenandoah got regarded as invisible in member of the community. Government records of the two countries confirm that free blacks did not enjoy occupational or material opportunity. In Franklin the population of the blacks approximately added to 1,222 citizens in the 1860 census (Bender 12).

The rest of the members lived as slaves and depended on the pay they got in their day to day work. The free blacks got involved in farming as this constituted a large part of the valley prosperity and wealth. In 1860 census, 1,411 people listed in Frankin country involved themselves in farming (Arthur 14).

We will write a custom Essay on Civil War Paper: Valley of the shadow specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Staunton and Chamberburg listed in Franklin country as the most agricultural productive region. Franklin involved itself in agricultural production and the products sold the outside communities. The blacks offered ready labor to the farms both semi-skilled and unskilled laborers.

Work Cited Arthur, Ware, S. Augusta Street United Methodist Church. Augusta: U.P. 2003. Print.

Bender, Welsh. Troops from both the North and South Trod Streets of Waynesboro During the Hectic War Years. Virginia: U.P. 2000. Print.

Conrad, William G. A History of Blacks in Greencastle, Pennsylvania. 2003. Print.

Emerson, Nancy. Memoranda of Events, Thoughts. UK: Cambridge University Press. 2002. Print.

Jefferson, Peter. Census for Augusta County. Virginia: U.P. 2006. Print.

Lida, Wihoy. Agricultural Societies in Franklin County. Virginia: Pittsbur Press.2004. Print.

Mohr, Richard C. The Cormany Diaries: A Northern Family in the Civil War. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2001. Print.

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The Family Analysis and an Ecomap of the Movie October Sky Research Paper custom essay help

Although an entire family is not an equivalent sum of its members, the birth of a child forms an entire family system with multiple role demands. Nevertheless, an intimate relationship between two adults can be considered as a whole family. Children in a complete family setup are forced to cope with the dynamics of a marital relationship and family.

The birth of more siblings may alter the situation even more deeply. The cohesiveness of family members is pertinent for the optimum growth of children and development of an adult. This cohesiveness plays a great role later in life when there are stressful events. This case study is a family analysis and an ecomap of the movie October Sky.

Family life can be analyzed in many varied dimensions to establish its status. One of the dimensions can be global where the family is placed along a scale of competence. The analysis determines whether the family functioning is optimal, adequate or dysfunctional. The structure of a hypothetical family is characterized by responsibilities and relationship among the members.

Roles associated with discipline, provision of needs, and solving problems are for the head, in most cases the father. Encouragement and emotional support are roles usually handled by mothers. Every person in a family life brings different cognitive, social and physical features. Family assessment of the movie October sky is intended to evaluate the effect of age, marital status, and education, religious believes, culture, and socio-economic factors of the families featured in the movie (Bradley


Nation and Nation States Essay best essay help: best essay help

Characteristics of the Modern Nation-State Nation

A Nation refers to a sovereign entity which constitutes of people who share common language, culture and history as well as a government. A Nation may have or may not have geographical boundaries. In international relations, a Nation may refer to a sovereign country with a government, which is fully responsible for the day to day running of the affairs of that country. An example of Nation is Egypt (White


Hindu Values Rejected by the Jain Community and How Jain Practice Promotes other Values Essay essay help online: essay help online

Table of Contents Hindu values Rejected by the Jain Community

The way Jain Practice Promotes Other Values


Works Cited

Hindu values Rejected by the Jain Community The Jain community rejects ideals of ‘master narrative Hinduism’ reflected in the scriptural authority and writings of the Vedas, Brahamanas, Upanisads, Mahabharata, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana and Dharmasatras. Based on their belief in the inviolability of all life, they deny the efficacy of sacrifice and refuse to accord divinity to Hindu gods such as Brahma, Visnu, and the great avataras or Siva. They also reject other Hindu values and practices including the sacred thread economy with Gayatri Mantra (Ahimsa 18).

The Jain members reject the Hindu-belief that battle field death is equal to holy martyrdom, a belief recorded in Bhagavad Gita and upheld in traditional Hindu culture. In addition, they reject Hindu writings where Krsna encourages Arjuna to participate in the battlefield to enter heaven. This rejection is explained by Jain’s belief that death with hatred (or violence) is not salutary and causes unwholesome birth in an animal or in hell (Ahimsa 4-6).

The Jain members live with strict adherence to basic tenets of non-violence and inviolability of life. Therefore, they reject Hindu practices such as sacrifices, military service and use of toxic chemicals, consumption of meat, acts of violence, lust for possessions, revenge and other values which contravene their basic tenets of non-violence (Ahimsa 7-9).

Unlike ideals of ‘master narrative Hinduism’, the Jain Mendicants (major vow-takers or Mahavrata) and Jain laymen (minor vow-takers or Anuvrata) renounce all forms of violence including sacrificial, sacerdotal, and familial or sports violence. This is because of their belief that each living thing possesses a soul which takes up a new body after death.

The new body depends on the soul’s volitional activity and is acquired by drawing itself a subtle kind of matter (Karman). In addition, they reject the superstitious Hindu belief of sacredness of a cow and only consider its life as inviolate (Ahimsa 4).

The way Jain Practice Promotes Other Values The Jain religious practice of renunciation of violence and inviolability to life is the basic explanation of how it promotes other values. This is because Jain people strictly commit to their religious laws which regulate their day to day application of Ahimsa (Cunningham and Kelsey 75).

The Jain people, unlike Hindus, believe that death in the battle field is not equal to holy martyrdom. This is depicted by the utterances of Mahavira which shows that death with hatred and violence cannot be salutary hence causes unwholesome rebirth of the soul in an animal or hell. In the history of Jain people, acts of war are rarely glorified.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Only those who shun violence are glorified as depicted in Mahaviras utterances. This contributes to other values unlike the traditional Hindu belief which attributes death in battle field to Holy Martyrdom (Cunningham and Kelsey 77).

The practice of the Jain to adhere strictly to Ahimsa in daily activity contributes to other societal values. The Jain doctrine of multiple perspectives (Anekantavada) requires them to recognize validity of their opponent’s point of view and choose a common ground, thereby avoiding confrontation and enhancing reconciliation.

The promotion of other values can also be explained by the Jain doctrine of qualified assertion (Syadvada) which inflicts a way of religious discipline in Jain community. This is because this doctrine forbids taking of all plant, animal or human life (Cunningham and Kelsey 81).

Jainism opposed the caste system and sacrificial activities. Its followers refrained from hurting animal life and considered vegetarianism, austerity and purity of body and soul to be liberated from sufferings of the materialistic world. Therefore, values of the Jain community revolved around truth, non-stealing, non-ownership of property, inviolability of life and strict adherence to chastity. All these values acted in a positive way to promote other values as they prevented confrontations which could lead to violent acts (Cunningham and Kelsey 82).

Conclusion From the above essay of Jain community, we note that their values promote other societal values. Their belief to shun violence in line with their religious doctrine promotes western values of non violence with nuclear or chemical weapons hence boosting the western anti-nuclear advocacy against acts of terrorism and violence (Ahimsa 11).

Works Cited Ahimsa: A Jain Way of Spiritual Discipline. Collected Papers on Jain Studies. Print.

Cunningham, Lawrence, and John Kelsey. The Sacred Quest: An Invitation to the Study of Religion. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001. Print.

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Crimes in the United States Essay (Critical Writing) custom essay help

Crime has been increasing over the years within the American society and the world over. People are forced to live in fear of falling victims to various crimes whereby they can be robbed, injured or killed. There are numerous ways which have been adopted in dealing with crime. This paper explores the various aspects that have been embraced in dealing with crime problems.

Crime has been blamed on various aspects, but it is believed that the family background plays a great role is determining the deviant behavior of individuals. In this respect, it can be asserted that individuals who have been raised in dysfunctional families or from environments that do not foster good behavior are likely to develop criminal behavior. Therefore, it can be argued that crime problems in the society can be addressed by focusing on the root cause of the problem.

The crimes being witnessed in the United States cannot comprehensively be solved through the implementation of stricter gun control or by incarcerating criminal offenders. The criminal problem can be resolved through socialization process, in which the young members of the American society can be taught on the righteous ways. Since socialization occurs at home and in school among other institutions, the parents and teachers have a big role to play in curbing the problems associated with crime.

The family is the primary social institution which should play a vital role in shaping the characters of individuals. In most instances, parents do not have enough time for children. The children are exposed to dangerous programs in the media including the television and computer games.

Other children are left to play with their peers from where they learn criminal behavior. The children who are left uncared for find solace in criminal gangs which act like their second homes. Therefore, the problem can be well addressed by emphasizing on good family and institutional socialization.

Criminals and other deviants who break the established laws have to be dealt with in an appropriate manner so as not to repeat their offense, and serve as a deterrent to other members of the society. In this respect, law breakers have to be taken away from society and punished for their actions.

Though these people need to be punished, there is need to give them a second opportunity in the society. Therefore, it is important to rehabilitate them to become productive members of the society. However, before they are released back to society, they should be thoroughly vetted to determine if they have truly reformed.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The prison system as it is in the United States has to be improved, and emphasis should be put on corrective as opposed to retributive measures. In this regard, the prisons should be used in reforming criminals and make them productive to the society. The prisons should focus on imparting useful skills and changing the mindset of the criminals.

This will enable them become readily accepted in the society after serving their terms. Most of the criminals have had a difficult background that led them to become what they are. In such cases, the prison has to help the criminals and integrate them back in the society.

There is no doubt that crime is a growing problem across the world. Since the United States is a world leader in many aspects, it has to set a trend in addressing crime which will be emulated by other countries.


The Impact of Immigration on the American Society and Culture Essay (Critical Writing) online essay help: online essay help

Immigration is currently a hot subject in the United Sates. Even though the country has granted residency status to millions of immigrants since time immemorial, the rapid influx of immigrants have created anxiety among the American citizens that immigration could adversely affect their social and economic status.

There is no doubt that immigration has both positive and negative impacts on the American society and culture. Many of us are not aware that the US was built and developed by immigrants seeking a good life. However, many contemporary Americans fear immigration because it threatens their job security.

Most of the immigrants are from diverse cultures and speak little or no English at all. As a result, they may not be willing to integrate into the American way of life. Furthermore, immigrants tend to cluster and live among people who are comparable to them thereby leading to increased incidences of crime and high unemployment rates in these neighborhoods.

In spite of these, we must acknowledge the fact that the American society benefits a lot from immigration. For instance, Americans benefit from the diversity and richness of the immigrants’ cultures. In addition, immigrants are usually willing to work hard and take on odd jobs (such as taking care of the elderly, cooking, cleaning hospitals, etc) that most Native American citizens would reject.

Moreover, immigrants provide cheap labor for those industries which are in dire need of their services. In essence, the cheap labor provided by immigrants reduces the cost of goods and services thereby enabling American consumers to afford them. It is worthy to note that a good number of the immigrants possess exceptional skills.

For example, some of them are teachers, physicians, nurses and scientists. They usually employ their various skills to the benefit of American hospitals, universities and business organizations. Immigrants not only contribute their skills, labor and culture to the benefit of the American society; they also pay taxes just like other US citizens.

As much as immigration benefits the American society, it also has adverse impacts. Ever since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the federal spending on national security and anti-terrorism program has skyrocketed. The justification for these expenditures has been to prevent illegal immigrants (some with terrorist links) from entering the United States.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Drug trafficking is another problem associated with illegal immigration. Usually, immigrants smuggle illegal drugs (such as cocaine) into the country using the US-Mexican border. These drugs are distributed in many urban areas causing havoc in many families.

The main disadvantage associated with illegal immigration is economic. The economic cost of immigrants can be seen in terms of money spent to treat and educate them. The federal government spends millions of dollars to assist immigrants pay for elementary and secondary education. A good number of illegal immigrants have fake social security numbers and use them to access several welfare programs (such as Medicaid) at the expense of American citizens.

Illegal immigrants also threaten job security of Americans because they are willing to be employed at much lower wage rates. This phenomenon undermines economic growth and prolongs unemployment rates in the American society. Furthermore, immigrants (who are employed in the United States) usually remit some of their incomes to their native countries. Since these remittances are not used up in the United States, the domestic spending powers of consumers are reduced.


Cross-cultural Effectiveness Management in Saudi Arabia and China Essay argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction








Introduction Management entails a lot of activities which are very critical in the management of a company or a country. However, management styles differ in several countries because of the diverse cultural practices in these regions. Undertaking business in different business environments is challenging; it is inherent for organizational heads to learn business cultures practiced in different regions.

Several well established organizations such as multinationals operate in different countries and regions. These organizations undertake extensive research on cultural diversity in the regions they operate and the effect of culture on doing business in the specified region.

Cross-cultural effectiveness is critical in the development and sustenance of business activities in different regions globally. Many factors are employed in achieving cross-cultural effectiveness, but the most important of these factors include planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling.

Managers and directors vested with the duty of managing their organizations have to understand the culture of their customers and employees for effective management. This essay is going to explore the development cross-cultural effectiveness in two diverse countries and deduce how different management styles are used in achieving this task. The essay will focus on achieving cross-cultural effectiveness in Saudi Arabia and China because of their diverse cultures.

Planning Planning is the firs most important aspect that must be considered in undertaking a business venture. In examining cultural differences, we must look into the cultural history of each country especially when we are assessing our business goals. Saudi Arabia and China have different cultural systems thus necessitate mangers to analyze and understand these cultures before doing business in these countries. Saudi Arabia is country controlled in a monarchical style of leadership with strong religion emphasis and influence of Islam.

As a result, Islamic laws (Shariah laws) are used in controlling the country. Saudi Arabia leadership tends to be centralized for the reason that power is controlled by influential people in society such as the monarchy (Bannon, 2003). The country relies on Arabic as the official language but there is the influence of other internationally recognized languages.

The major cultural impediments to business management are religion and power. In the planning procedure, an organization with interest in undertaking business in Saudi Arabia should study Shariah laws and the Arabic language. Saudi Arabian people tend to socialize based on the family systems and people are friendly, hospitable, and welcoming to foreigners. Foreign organizations should come up with strategies where managerial power is concentrated with respect to Islamic laws (McGregor, 2007).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Chinese people practice Confucianism as their religion while their political systems are based on socialism. The Chinese have a culture of protectionism while power and control is vested with the government. Business culture in China is not very open given that the government has authoritative over most business activities in the country. Foreign organizations operating in China face a lot of challenges which include language barrier, corruption and protectionism (Gudykunst, 2003).

The Chinese religion is based on Confucianism which recognizes the respect of every human being and loyalty as the tenets of the religion. Organizations with interest in doing business in China should come up with strategies that inculcate delegation of power. The Chinese policy of protectionism favors Chinese over other firms and as a result, it would be prudent to delegate in management of the organization to Chinese managers.

Foreign organizations should also defuse strategies that inculcate training in sectors such as communication using Mandarin language and social interaction. Compliance with the Chinese government is necessary for organizations which operate in China since government restrictions might ban the operations of any company at any time (Hiu, 2001, p.330-334). For instance, Google faces several Chinese government restrictions in its operations including limiting searches to certain topics.

Organizing Organizing entails a collection of activities undertaken to achieve a certain objective, organizing is the result of planning. Several considerations are looked into in the organizational part, but the most important factors are the definition of tasks and relationships. Organizations wishing to operate in Saudi Arabia could easily organize their operations based on time.

This is because the region is strategically located given that it is not heavily affected by time differences. Saudi Arabians are hospitable people since they respect personal space of an individual by allowing easy mingling and interaction (Lewis, 2006).

Saudi Arabians are a bit reserved, but they easily interact with people of different cultures with ease. For the country operates on strict Islamic rules; and companies have to respect the religious beliefs of Saudi Arabian nationals. Organizing involves analyzing market trends and competition in the Saudi Arabian market and how these factors are affected by culture.

The Saudi Arabian market is heavily affected by Islamic rules affecting some companies operating in different sectors. For instance, the brewing industry would not prosper in the Saudi Arabian market (Jeffrey, 2000, p.125). Competition in the Saudi Arabian market stems from the many foreign companies that have set up operations in the region and the upcoming local companies.

We will write a custom Essay on Cross-cultural Effectiveness Management in Saudi Arabia and China specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Designing and implementing organizational strategies in the Chinese market are extremely exigent. Companies have to identify with the customs of the Chinese people and come up with winning strategies that can conquer the Chinese market. The first and most important factor to consider in implementing strategies, ‘in the Chinese market’, is the organizational structure (Li, 2001). Most foreign companies in the region operate as Wholly Foreign Owned Entities (WFOE’s) as opposed to operating as selling agents.

The Chinese culture relies on Confucian principles influencing their behavior making the Chinese have trust, loyalty and benevolence towards their leaders (Barak, 2010). This Chinese culture has made them mistrust foreigners operating in China. Foreign companies in China must develop long-term strategies that are meant to build and foster relationship with their Chinese customers.

Trust and loyalty are important to the Chinese people and companies operating in China have to offer products that stay true to their strategies. The culture of socialism has been practiced in China for a long period of time. This has made the Chinese protective of their industries creating a competitive environment for foreign companies to operate in China (Whitney, 2000). As a result, foreign companies need to design and organize for long term strategies in the country.

Staffing The use of human resources in production is a must and it is one of the most important factors in setting up of an organization. Saudi Arabia is a huge country with moderate workforce numbers and skilled workforce. The culture of education and business is new to Saudi Arabia; as a result, the country is coupled with semi-skilled workforce that does not enable the country to industrialize.

The Saudi Arabian culture does not allow women to work, and so the workforce is made up of predominantly male workers. Saudi Arabian workforce comprises of many foreign workers who immigrate to the country in search of better employment (Lundby, 2010). Due to pride and culture, Saudi Arabian citizens tend not to take lowly paying jobs and prefer hiring foreigners to take up low paying jobs.

Most Saudi Arabians ascribe to the Islamic faith, so they respect their religion even in the workplace. Organizations hiring Saudis or foreigners have to understand the influence of religion in the society and allow employees to practice their religion at the workplace. Companies in Saudi Arabia respect the Islamic calendar and events and in the work places eating habits of the Islamic faith have to be adhered to (Ho, 2001, p.7).

China’s huge population provides the much needed human resources in the Chinese production based economy. Human resources in China are organized into many categories because of the existence of numerous industries in the country. The continuous development of China into an industrial nation has seen the emergence of skilled labor that could be utilized in highly specialized industries such as the automotive industry.

The Chinese culture affects human resources through collectivism since most of the human resources in China are organized into large groups (Evans, 2008). The Chinese workforce is made up of unions which have a lot of influence in the way employees are remunerated and employee relations. The Chinese unions act as a political movement groups; organizations should build proper relations with these unions if they intend to achieve employee co-operation.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Cross-cultural Effectiveness Management in Saudi Arabia and China by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Chinese have a tendency of hiring its employee based on a system referred to as Guanxi which is associated with the institution attended by the employee. Companies in need of working with Chinese employees should integrate this practice of Guanxi in their human resource acquisition (McGregor, 2007). The influence of Confucianism in employment is great in China; foreign companies should train its employees by integrating traditional Chinese philosophies in their staff training programs.

Directing The role of directing employees is a role mainly left to organizational heads responsible for the organizational strategy. Directing involves undertaking several tasks that will ensure that employees are organized into a well structured unit capable of achieving the organizational goals.

Directing is generally directed to political leadership structures and understanding cultural leadership in the regions where these companies operate. Saudi Arabia is a country which is headed by a monarchial government with the law being structured within the Islamic laws. Saudi Arabians have respect and loyalty towards leadership in their practice of their cultural beliefs. An organization with interest in operating from the region will have to work closely with the government in rolling out their operations.

For organizational leaders to undertake the task of directing their employees, proper communication has to take place between all stakeholders. Communication is important in the Saudi Arabian culture which requires mutual respect for everybody (Jeffrey, 2000, p.125). The Islam culture does not allow women in a leadership position, so some of these cultures have to be respected.

Foreign owned companies in China face the challenge of leading their companies into achieving their goals and objectives. Many foreign owned companies face stiff competition from Chinese companies because local companies understand the Chinese culture.

Chinese companies have the power and control of the market due to the culture of protectionism of its industries from outside interference. Political authority in China is structured in the socialistic format since leadership is collective (Evans, 2008). The role of directing involves the task of managing human resources to achieve the company’s goals and objectives.

In the Chinese culture, they believe in the practice of building relationships to achieve harmony with each and every employee. The Chinese system of Guanxi revolves around its traditions of collectivism unlike the Saudi Arabian culture which relies on individualism must be properly understood. Leaders in Chinese organization should lead their organizations as a unit and not to consider each and every person as an individual (Browaeys, 2011).

Communication is important in the task of directing because the Chinese tend to communicate through the respect of every person’s stature in avoidance of embarrassment to anyone. The Chinese tend to have more respect to women compared to the Saudi’s and incorporating women in the organizations’ leadership is very important.

Controlling Cross-cultural understanding is a process that involves a lot of activities, but the most important activity is being in control of your organization. Controlling involves evaluating performance of an organization while it is adjusting in a new country or region.

Saudi Arabia is a growing regional marketplace for a lot of foreign goods. Monitoring performance in the region is quite simple due to the small population and similarities in culture (Punnett, 2009). The Saudi Arabian government has adopted the western culture of being heavy spenders on the latest goods and services.

The business culture and environment of Saudi Arabia is favorable for large organizations trying to penetrate this market or the Middle East region. Making achievements in the Saudi Arabian market might take a short time compared to other markets like the Chinese or Japanese market. Performance of organizations in the Saudi Arabian market could also be measured according to the growth levels in those key markets.

Organizational heads have to control employees and take control of many factors that contribute to growth so as to stabilize the organization in the region. Saudi Arabian people are easy to manage because of their monarchial form of government; as a result, organizations can easily perform in the country (Lundby, 2010).

China is a large, populated country with people sharing similar culture among the different ethnic groups in the country. However, due to its large size, the Chinese market is dynamic with different preferences when it comes to buying products. For instance, people living in North China tend to have different preferences compared to those living in the South.

Organizations wishing to enter the Chinese market need to invest and have long-term plans for staying in the region for the long haul. The Chinese market takes a long time to understand and gain the confidence of the people of China. Feedback is best analyzed when the organizational goals have been met and when the competition has reduced to a level beneficial to the organization (Browaeys, 2011).

The task of monitoring control is suited for people living in the country where the organization has established its operations. Taking control of the Chinese market and human resources is challenging but once trust is built between your organization and the Chinese people organizational control can be easy. Performance in the Chinese market depends on the level of trust and social relations that exist between the organization and the people (Ghemawat, 2001, p. 45).

Conclusion Understanding cross-cultural differences in different regions are very critical to surviving the competitive global business environment. Different countries have diverse cultural that affect the behaviors of their people.

As a result, organizations have the duty of understanding the cultures of different races, tribes or people in the development of their organizational strategies. Most cultures are influenced by religion or political systems that have been practiced over long periods of time. These cultural systems affect the behavior of consumers in different regions.

The task of analyzing cultural effects on business operations in different regions is important in the planning and implementation of business strategies. For easy of assessment of development of cross-cultural effectiveness in businesses, it is inherent to analyze two or more diverse regions and cultures. Saudi Arabia and China represent two diverse cultures and regions with different customer preferences.

Saudi Arabia represents a culture heavily influenced by religion which is similar to China which is influenced by Confucianism. However, the cultures of these countries are different and this affects business planning especially for foreign firms with intentions of operating in these regions.

Understanding cultural practices are important in planning strategies and drawing out a plan on the implementation of these strategic plans. Communication is very critical in the undertaking of business and many organizations face the challenge of communication (Barak, 2010). Saudi Arabian culture is very accommodating to foreigners, so this makes it easy for foreign firms to set operations in the country.

This is in contrast to protectionist Chinese culture notorious for seclusion from the rest of the globe. The Chinese culture is mainly based on trust and mutual understanding. Saudi Arabian culture is more male dominated because the emphasis is laid upon male individuals. This is in contrast to China where women have a greater role in the society; all this factors have to be considered in the quest of understanding cross-cultural developments.

References Bannon, G. and Mattock, J., 2003. Cross-cultural communication: the essential guide to international business. Brisbane: Kogan Page Publishers.

Barak, M., 2010. Managing Diversity: Toward a Globally Inclusive Workplace. Manchester: SAGE.

Browaeys, J. and Prince, D., 2011. Developing Cultural Adaptability: How to Work Across Differences. Lowell, MA: John Wiley and Sons.

Evans, P., 2008. Teaching in the global business classroom. Chicago, IL: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Ghemawat, P., 2001. Distance Still Matters. Harvard Business Review, 9 (1), p.45.

Gudykunst, W., 2003. Cross-cultural and intercultural communication. Boston, MA: SAGE.

Hiu, A.,et al., 2001. An Investigation of Decision- Making Styles of Consumers in China. The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 35(2), 326-343.

Ho, M., 2001. Establishing an ‘ECL’ Culture in China: Organizational Difference or National Difference?. Harvard Business Review, 1 (1), p.1-8.

Jeffrey, M. and Delphi, C., 2000. Understanding Consumer Habits in the Arabian and Middle East Markets. The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 24(1), 123-128.

Lewis, R., 2006. Cross cultural communication: a visual approach. Austin, TX: Transcreen Publications.

Li, X. and Richter, F., 2001. Advances in Human Resource Management in Asia. Tokyo: Palgrave.

Lundby, K., 2010. Going Global: Practical Applications and Recommendations for HR and OD Professionals in the Global Workplace. Washington, WA: John Wiley and Sons.

McGregor, T., 2007. Barriers to Global Business. London: Pelican Books.

Punnett, B., 2009. International Perspectives on Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management. Sydney: M.E. Sharpe.

Whitney, Alan, et al. 2000. Human Resources Strategies in China. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company, 1 (1), p.133-159.


Sensory perceptions Essay custom essay help

The five senses: smell, touch, sight, sound and taste are avenues through which people perceive the world around them. Psychologists argue that through these senses, people do not experience sensation but the results of sensation. Regardless of this, the accuracy and inaccuracy of sensory data is affected by a number of factors namely environmental, psychological as well as physiological, which either distort reality or enhance it. As such illusion plays a big role in determining how accurate or inaccurate stimuli are perceived.

Naturally, sensory abilities are very accurate. However, a number of reasons lead people to believe in the accuracy of inaccuracy of sensory information. Previous experiences results to generalized assumptions about the nature of stimuli. Such assumptions make people ignore the context in which a given stimuli is perceived. Similarly, both cognitive and physical illusions alter perception, and thus the accuracy of sensory information. Illusions lead to alteration of reality.

When this occurs, stimuli are inaccurately perceived (Stangor, 2010). The five basic senses; light, touch, smell, sound and taste have a tendency to adapt to the environment. Sensory adaptation refers to the ability of sensory receptors to ignore familiar stimuli in preference of new stimuli. As such our senses ignore the fluctuation in the intensity of stimuli. Accuracy of sensory data is thus not guaranteed (Kraft, 1978).

The discussion above alludes to the fact that there are factors that determine the accuracy of sensory data. Accuracy and inaccuracy of stimuli is influenced by knowledge about the environment in which the stimuli is first perceived. This is because specific stimuli are associated with specific environments.

As such, people internalize the environment within which stimuli are perceived. Therefore the environment becomes part of cognitive interpretation of stimuli (Stangor, 2010). Similarly, psychological factors affect the accuracy and inaccuracy of sensory information.

Psychological factors refer to the emotional and the cognitive states of a person. Cognitive skills and abilities affect intelligence as well as how people apply knowledge. Poor cognitive skills might lead to misinterpretation and misapplication of knowledge and as such stimuli is inaccurately perceived. Furthermore, previous experiences may trigger an avalanche of emotions which affects how people perceive stimuli (Gregory, 1997).

Moreover, the physiological factors determines how accurate or inaccurately a stimuli is perceived. Physiological factors refer to the physical element of perception and sensation. Sensory receptors may be poorly developed. This leads to poor reception and interpretation of stimuli, which affects the accuracy of sensory data.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The factors raised above leads to the discussion on the role of nature versus nurture in reference to interpretation of sensory information. Naturalists argue that the ability to sense and interpret sensory data is innate. The ability of sensory receptors to interpret stimuli is determined by genes and not the external environment. This implies that sensory abilities are genetically modified and as such independent of the external environment (Carruthers, 2000).

On the other hand, nurturists argue that sensory perception is learned. This implies that senses develop as a result of environmental experiences. As such people’s experiences of the world and the environment in which they perceive stimuli contribute to the manner in which stimuli is perceived (Cardwell and Flanagan, 2003).

Sensation and perception are complex phenomena that cannot be restricted to a number of reason and factors. This is because the accuracy of sensory information is determined by a variety of variables both within and without human influence, which effectively distorts reality.

Reference List Cardwell, M. and Flanagan, C. (2003). Psychology A2: the complete companion – Page 106. Cheltenham, GL: Nelson Thornes.

Carruthers, P. (2000). Phenomenal consciousness: a naturalistic theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gregory, R. (1997). Knowledge in perception and illusion. Web.

Kraft, C. (1978). A psychophysical approach to air safety: Simulator studies of visual illusions in night approaches. New York, NY: Plenum Press.

We will write a custom Essay on Sensory perceptions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Stangor, C. (2010). Introduction to Psychology. Web.


Issue of Social Mobility Report college essay help near me: college essay help near me

Social issues are matters that negatively affect the society directly or indirectly (Callahan, 2010). In today’s society, many social issues are affecting community members. Among the many issues, crime, violence, social mobility, and poverty are the most common. The main aim of this paper is to discuss the issue of social mobility and its impact on the society. The paper will also discuss how the society can overcome the issue of social mobility to promote social change.

In every society, there is the issue of hierarchy and members of the society move up or down the hierarchy at one time of their lives (Rotberg, 2000). As such, the society has defined social mobility as how far and how simply a individual can move up or down the social class (Rotberg, 2000).

The issue of social mobility is determined by what the society values (Callahan, 2010). If the society values education, then people who are most educated are considered to occupy the highest rank of the social system. Those with little or no education are considered to occupy the lowest position in the social system.

Some communities have a rigid social system such as the caste system (Callahan, 2010). In such a system, social mobility is not possible. However, this trend is fading and social mobility has become flexible since people are able to move up the ladder of social status. Although the standards of social class have changed, social class is still an issue that affects the society (Callahan, 2010). People are still socializing based on wealth, education, and race among other issues.

According to Callahan (2010), there are several groups of people in the society affected by issue of social mobility. For a very long time, the society has encouraged men to be the breadwinners. As a result, the society has provided more resources and opportunities to men giving them a chance to move up the social ladder. Because of this, women are more affected and have lower social mobility since they lack access to resources and opportunities.

Poor people who cannot pay for education or internship opportunities experience difficulties moving up the social ladder (Sorokin, 1998). In addition, young people especially from low-income families are affected because they cannot pay for good education or get access to other opportunities like industrial attachment to acquire experience for better jobs (Callahan, 2010).

Minority groups are also among the vulnerable category. People from this group face challenges moving up the social ladder because most of the individuals work in the low income sectors that do not provide high opportunities for social mobility. This includes immigrants in the US who lack opportunities for social mobility due to language barrier and lack of professional skills (Callahan, 2010).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, those people with little or no education are not able to move up the social ladder since they work in areas that do not require professional skills and earn little income. Education enables people to attain upward mobility since it provides individuals with good jobs that guarantee high income and economical stability.

For a long time, the issue of social mobility was not flexible and people were restricted to their social class (Rotberg, 2000). Over the years, people have embraced changes and they are moving away from the rigid social system. Today people are encouraging changes concerning issue of social mobility by embracing democratic ideals and people are able to enjoy equal opportunities (Rotberg, 2000).

Today, laws have been developed to accommodate the needs of every citizen regardless of race, age, and gender. As such, women who were in the past considered as homemakers are now occupying positions in the society. In fact, some are presidents, senates, and members of parliament. This gives the women political power that is highly regarded as top position in social system. Therefore, unlike in the past, women can move up the social ladder because of equal opportunities.

In addition to this, due to change of culture, individuals from different social class can be able to socialize in terms of marriage (Rotberg, 2000). Unlike in the past when individuals only socialized and married people from the same social class, the society is undergoing changes and people of high class can marry people of low class as long as they love each other.

These changes mean that people belonging to a low social class can be able to move up the ladder and occupy high status in the society. For instance, a prince can marry a commoner due to change in culture (Sorokin, 1998).

Lastly, unlike in the past when people acquired wealth through inheritance, today an individual can acquire wealth through hard work. This trend is changing in the society today. People belonging to the low social class can be able to move up the social ladder through hard work (Rotberg, 2000). Indeed, people from humble backgrounds have used their talents and education to acquire wealth, political power, and money hence moving up the social class.

Because of negative impacts of social mobility, the following strategies can enhance social mobility and create a balance in the society. First, the government should create more opportunities for higher education to all people especially those who cannot afford education.

We will write a custom Report on Issue of Social Mobility specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The cost of higher education in university and colleges should be subsidized so that students who come from poor families can access higher education (Rotberg, 2000). Notably, women must be offered opportunities to access higher education and employment. In fact, the government should set aside jobs and education facilities for women in the society.

Secondly, the government should create avenues to enable people from the lower class to have better jobs and acquire economical stability. With economical stability, poor people will be able to give their children better education leading to upward mobility in the future (Rotberg, 2000). This should be done by providing training opportunities and capital to start business to the unemployed people.

In summary, women, illiterate people, poor individuals, minority groups, and young people are the most affected by the issue of social mobility. However, due to extensive campaign for equality and the changing cultural trends, the issue of social mobility has changed over time. Because of new laws that have been developed, individuals now have equal opportunities and different people can move up the social ladder.

The opinion is that, the government should take deliberate measures to empower individuals from the lower class to enable them have upward mobility (Sorokin, 1998). As such, mentorship and empowerment programs should be encouraged to motivate young and poor people in the society. To promote positive social change, people should embrace new cultural values in order to overcome the issue of social mobility.

Reference List Callahan, B. (2010). Power and society: an introduction to the social sciences. Stamford: Cengage Learning.

Rotberg, R. (2000). Social mobility and modernization: a Journal of interdisciplinary history reader. Massachusetts: MIT press.

Sorokin, P. (1998). Social mobility. London: Routledge.


The Cheesecake Factory Essay college admissions essay help

Cheesecake factory is one among the most successful fast food companies in the world. Although the name of this company may suggest that it deals with cheese and cakes only, it should be noted that this factory offer over two hundred different food choices. Most of the menu in the factory is based on orders from its customers, a strategy adapted to cater for the different dietary requirements by different customers.

The success of the Cheesecake factory can be attributed to the quality products associated with the company. For instance, the company uses high quality ingredients in their food production and this tradition has made the factory’s products to be outstanding in the competitive fast foods industry (The cheesecake factory,1).

The factory provides services both to be consumed in the many outlets of the factory and take away services for customers who wish to enjoy the factory’s products at their homes. Among the most famous products of this company are the legendary cheesecakes and special deserts (The cheesecake factory, 1). These take away foods provide a crucial opportunity for the factory to collect revenue because they are highly demanded.

Passing by the cheesecakes factory will definitely attract ones attention. The factory outlets are situated in strategic places with high population. This strategy has enabled the factory attract a large number of customers. The various food choices provided by the cheesecakes factory has made the factory to be the most preferred among fast food providers in the market. As a result, the factory has been registering a positive growth due to the ever increasing revenue generated y the factory’s daily sales.

The aim of the cheesecakes factory is to add value not only to the investors but also to the employees and customers of the factory. For example, the factory has made the regular training of its workers a tradition. This strategy is aimed at making the employees of the factory aware of the most recent technology in the food provision industry.

The factory also pays its employees an attractive salary to motivate their efforts. Consequently, the employees of this factory apply the most current technology to ensure that the factory’s products are outstanding in the market (The cheesecake factory, 1)..

Inside the factory outlets, there are attractive displays of foods. The rooms are designed in a way to ensure the comfort of its customers. The factory’s products are of a lower price compared to those of other factories providing similar products. This ensures that customers enjoy their preferred products at a friendly price. These strategies adapted by the cheesecakes factory have made the factory’s brand a success. Through the provision of better services, the factory has been able to attract and win the confidence of many customers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to providing a wide range of foods, the cheesecakes factory provides gift cards to be used for various occasions. The factory either emails cards personalized greetings and a photo of the recipient or with a logo of the factory. In other cases, the factory sends the cards via first class mail.

These gift cards are delivered with standardized prices to attract customers into the factory’s business. Through this strategy, the cheesecakes factory makes tremendous revenue collection, thus adding value to the investor. The factory’s management uses the income generated by the factory to motivate workers and improve the services of the factory. Consequently, the factory adds value to its customers by ensuring that they receive goods that will maximize their utility.

Work Cited The cheesecake factory. Our story. Retrieved from


Two Major Events in British History that Have Dramatically Affected the UK Essay college essay help online: college essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

The 1926 General Strike




Introduction Britain has encountered a number of events that have dramatically affected its society and the UK international fraternity. Industrial revolution, agrarian revolution, invention of railways, Gordon riots, the suffragists, Indian mutiny, colonialism, Irish rebellion, the chartists, Thatcher, trade, and the expansion of empires, amongst other events, are part of the British history.

More importantly, all these events attract the attention of the international community making Britain’s presence in the international arena more pronounced. However, in this paper, the writer considers colonialism and the 1926 general strike as two crucial events that have had enormous effects on the British society, as well as its international presence. In its simplest terms, colonization refers to the population of one or more species in a certain area.

Colonialism, on the other hand, refers to “Western European countries’ colonization of lands mainly in America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania” (Marcy


Foreign investments regulations Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Introduction Over the past few decades, developed countries have strived to put in place a multilateral investment agreement to prevent countries from controlling transnational corporations’ investment activities with special regard to portfolio investors. The first notable attempt towards attaining this was the proposal to put in place a Multilateral Investment Agreement. This initiative however failed and was shelved for some time. It has since come up in the category of “Singapore issues” in WTO meetings.

This agreement was supposed to provide a fertile ground for negotiating multilateral trade agreements in the WTO meeting that was supposed to take place in Cancun Mexico in 2003. Developed countries have always stressed on the benefits of trade policies and other policies that encourage foreign investors. From this perspective, they try to push developing countries to sign free trade and liberal investment agreements so that they can also develop.

This essay will outline the purpose of foreign investment regulations by listing and discussing a number of foreign investment regulations. The essay will also discuss issues that should concern management when they are screening potential markets and sites. Moreover, the steps involved in the screening process will be listed and discussed.

What is the purpose of foreign investment regulations?

Investment regulations are meant to promote local productivity and technological development by minimizing unfair competition that is posed by foreign investors in areas that are served by locally owned businesses. This strategy encourages the participation of local companies and helps protect critical or sensitive areas.

Two issues that concern management when screening potential markets and sites

The management of a business enterprise, while screening potential markets and sites they can invest in, should generally try to keep the cost of searching at its level low. They should also critically examine every potential market and location.

List and discuss foreign investment regulations

In the United States, any national is welcome to invest in both direct and portfolio investments. There are no restrictions to foreign investors as witnessed in many other countries.

Non-citizens are free to establish a US subsidiary or branch without much control from the federal, local government or state authorities. However, there are some restrictions in circumstances when a foreign investment intends to enter sensitive areas and highly regulated businesses. Foreign investors, just like the US citizens, enjoy financial flexibility. One is not required to seek for formal approval from financial authorities for them to do business in the United States. Moreover, foreign exchange controls are nonexistent.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The foreign investors are free to make their own arrangements as pertaining to financing their business enterprise. One must not register the investment of foreign equity capital or loans. The United States tax authorities can scrutinize interest and royalty rates charged to the company despite the fact that these can be freely established. Business enterprises owned by foreigners in the United States can freely remit profits accrued abroad.

The owners of the enterprise can also freely repatriate their equity or debt capital investment. The United States government is entitled to withhold tax of 30% on dividends, interests, royalties, and service fee that can be freely repatriated abroad. These businesses are only taxed where applicable. A general system for licensing foreign investments does not exist.

Foreign investments with relevant qualifications are free to apply for incentives from federal, state, and local authorities. The incentive programs, at federal level, are meant to promote export of United States manufactured goods.

Such programs are sustained by U.S. Export-Import Bank, Overseas Private Investment Corporation and Agency for International Development. No special federal tax incentives designed to encourage foreign investments exist. However, existing federal tax laws are quite alluring to non-US based individuals especially under circumstances where a tax treaty is involved.

In order to improve the local business environment, state and local government authorities have undertaken to encourage foreign investment by offering incentives. This has been beneficial because through such investments, the authorities manage to increase jobs, create a larger tax base, and reduce social welfare costs. The incentives include offering of direct loan services, tax relief and grants (Goldman, 2006).

There are ownership limits in sensitive and highly regulated sectors like the aviation, banking, communication and broadcasting, defense, insurance, maritime, mineral leases and resources, power generation and utility services, and real estate.

The federal law expressly limits the percentage of foreign ownership in such sectors. Some of these restrictions can be avoided by putting in place a U.S subsidiary. However, in the restricted sectors, the government scrutinizes the nationality of the owners to determine if a United States subsidiary can be established.

We will write a custom Essay on Foreign investments regulations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Domestic air transport carriers have to be U.S registered. The owners of the aircrafts have to be American citizens or permanent residents and the stocks have to wholly owned by U.S citizens. Foreign corporations that are lawfully recognized are free to register their aircrafts so long as the plane is used in America. For cases or mergers and acquisitions, the approval of Department of Transportation has to be sought.

This implies that the thresh-hold of U.S citizens must just be met. In the banking sector, the input of federal and state government is very significant. Foreign banks must sign certain legal forms and must have a government charter or a license. Before obtaining a government charter, a foreign bank must receive approval from Federal Reserve Board. When a bank is affiliated to a foreign bank, the Comptroller can waive the requirement that all directors be US nationals.

Foreign banks undergo rigorous regulation and supervision. To operate a radio or a television business in U.S., one must acquire a license from the Federal Communication Commission. The Federal Communications Act of 1934 does not allow any foreign government or its agents to be granted licenses. This act also applies to U.S corporations whose capital stock is controlled by 20% of foreigners.

However, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 allows foreign enterprise licenses regardless of the nationality of its owners. The State Public Service Commission is charged with regulating telecommunication mergers, acquisitions, and financing transactions in communicates that involve more than one state. The Public Service Commission handles certification procedures for foreign investors.

Foreign investors have to submit report to them. Companies under excessive foreign control normally placed under close scrutiny, especially when sensitive information is involved. State authorities heavily regulate insurance companies. Such companies must extensively disclose their operations.

For them to operate, they have to seek approval from the State Insurance Commissioner. Some states insist that the insurance companies that want to operate in their localities have to be predominantly owned by US citizens or those under permanent residency. Coastal and fresh water shipping is a preserve of vessels owned by American citizens.

These vessels must be registered in the U.S. Vessels that tow or engage in rescuing operations in American territorial waters have to be registered and owned by US citizens. Mineral lands leasing act only allows American citizens to lease mineral lands owned by federal g9overnment to corporations organized in the U.S. The Atomic Energy Act prohibits foreign ownership of nuclear power plants. States with extensive farming areas have instituted laws that restrict foreign investment in real estate (Goldman, 2006).

With regard to national security, if the President of the United States observes that a foreign acquisition is likely to compromise national security, he has the power to suspend or block the acquisition. This is commonly known as the Exon-Florio Law. Other than these regulations, there are a series of foreign investment regulations like the industrial security regulations, reciprocity requirements, reporting requirements, Buy America Act, and licenses for specific countries (Goldman, 2006).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Foreign investments regulations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More List and discuss the steps in the screening process Steps that are involved in the screening process include country identification, preliminary screening, in depth screening, final selection and direct experience (Doole and Lowe, 2001). The world being a global village, one can choose to do business in any destination he or she wants.

It is very important that before settling on a country, the country’s culture, its political ideologies, and religion are known. Preliminary screening involves examining countries that have been identified outwardly (Johansson, 2000). At this point states are ranked on basis of their currency stability, exchange rates, and domestic consumption levels. In-depth screening is done to countries that make it to the third stage.

These countries are considered feasible for market entry (Keegan, 2002). The final selection involves making a final decision on potential shortlist. Finally, personal experience is very important if one is to consider doing business in another country (Muhlbacher, Helmuth, and Dahringer, 2006).

Reference List Doole, I. and Lowe, R., (2001). International Marketing Strategy – Analysis, Development and Implementation, 3rd Ed. New York: Thompson Learning.

Goldman, M.G., (2006). Chapter 4: U.S. Regulation of Foreign Investment. Web.

Johansson, J.K. (2000). Global Marketing – Foreign Entry, Local Marketing, and Global Management. New York: Johansson International Edition.

Keegan, W.J., (2002). Global Marketing Management, 7th Ed. New York: Prentice Hall

Muhlbacher, H., Helmuth, L. and Dahringer, L. (2006). International Marketing – A Global Perspective, 3rd Ed. New York: Thomson.


Play: A Key Factor on an Individual’s Development Essay essay help

An analysis of Dr. Stuart Brown’s Book Play: How It shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination and Invigorates the Soul

Very often when we hear the word-play we frequently associate it with juvenile behaviours and activities of children; the adults caught are usually stereotyped as silly. However, what we are unaware of is that play is not only exclusive to the young ones rather it is highly significant in influencing the lives of most, if not all living creatures.

In his book, “Play: How It Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination and Invigorates the Soul”, Dr. Stuart Brown discusses the importance of play in human development through the enhancement of one’s analytical skills in dealing with problems at work or at home, paving ways for creativity and imagination that may contribute to one’s daily activities for the betterment of the future and may even eradicate dullness felt with the gradual lost of meaning and happiness through the improvement of one’s outlook in life.

The play attitude of human beings is highly connected to that of our ape brothers though the purpose of such acts may not be completely similar.

Play in the human race has been associated with an ability of an individual to interact with another person, group, object or himself which is directly proportional to how he thrives in his life, play also triggers creativity and innovation, summing up the importance of play in the development of human life in general.

Play in human behaviour had been evident many millennia before concrete studies were made on the subject. In their findings archaeologist associate play with that of Ethnologists’ theory on the play of the closest species, the apes (De Waal 2009).

However, though play in apes is quite similar to that of humans such as laughing, tickling and wrestling, the purpose of such may differ in a sense that animals simply play for the purpose of teasing, being friendly or pretend while for human beings, play may also be more complex than that. Human beings’ complex play depends on finding a deeper meaning in life, creativity, imagination or innovating himself which other species fail to exhibit for the simplicity of their brains compared to that of complex human minds.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Play is mostly about interaction whether be that with another being or a group of beings, or objects. Studies show that individuals who had a secure attached relationships with those closest to them, are more likely to thrive in times of crisis than those who lack emotional adoration of love and care. In his seminar, Stuart Brown cited an example on the experiment conducted on two groups of mice. One group was left alone to play with each other while another one was stopped in their activity to play by the experimenters.

The study was concluded when the two pairs of mice were taken into a cat inhabited environment where all mice went into hiding. Later it was found out that the first group of mice, the ones that were allowed to play, went out of their hiding place to explore, while the second group, which activity of play was interfered, stayed in their hiding place and die (Brown, 2008). The research suggested that humans have the same tendency to fail in thriving if they are deprived of play.

The importance of play is not only limited to children but also highly advisable to adults in which continuous development is needed in the quality of life in terms of a balance of problem solving skills and intellect coupled by sound emotional upbringing in any environment an individual is concerned or a part of.

Creativity is highly regarded in Brown’s theory that play creates new and innovative ideas. In a modern world creative and revolutionary thinkers are popping out from all corners of the globe. Tim Brown emphasizes the importance of the relationship of play in the development of a person’s creative mind (Brown, 2008).

He conducted a few exercises during his seminar and pointed out that play for adults is a ridicules act. He noted that adults are afraid to share their bold ideas to their peers often finding it silly by laughing as compared to children who are very proud to share their perception of things. When people become adults they begin to be conscious of what others might think of them, losing their sense of freedom (Brown, 2008).

In order for individuals to pour their creative juices out, trust is a very important factor to consider. In gaining trust, Brown pointed out that building a friendship is one aspect and that to gain such relationship people are contended in an act of play releasing tension, making individuals feel relax which is also a factor in the unleasing of creativity (Brown, 2008).

Stuart Brown through his book supported Tim Brown’s idea by identifying his findings on how JPL’s younger engineers were having problems in finding solutions to their cases as compared to the older ones. Through the investigation conducted by the company, it was found out that the older engineers were more oriented in playing with their hands during their younger years compared to the newly hired ones from top universities (Brown, 2009).

We will write a custom Essay on Play: A Key Factor on an Individual’s Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Play is one of the most important aspects in the development of creative ideas and innovation on our world today. It is important for people to play for the sake of developing a sense of exploring new things and ideas leading to creative thinking that may materialize in innovative outcomes (De Wall, 2009).

Academic systems in the past had always been biased in terms of their students. Conservatives gave priority by recognizing those who excel in math and sciences more and failing to recognize those who are in the music and arts.

Ken Robinson pointed out that conservative schooling systems kill creativities among their students by failing to recognize them as an asset and dismissing them as an illness needed to be cured (Robinson, 2006). Stuart Brown highlighted the story of the great choreographer Gillian Lynne, who is famous for her works in the musicals Cats and Phantom of the Opera.

Lynne, as a child had difficulty in paying attention to her teachers thus the school saw her as mentally ill and was suggested to take drugs to cure her sickness (Brown 2009). It was in this light that her mother together with a specialist discovered that Lynne was a unique child whose calling is in dancing thus the story of one of the most talented individuals who walked the earth today was born through that single act of letting the child play in the form of dancing.

Dr. Stuart Brown’s book is about understanding the role of play and the way it affected our lives in the past, present and future. The book presents and examines the act of playing in its core in shaping people’s behaviour, outlook, thinking and reaction in life. Play is not only exclusive to children but is very important to adults in order to release the tensions and weights of the world they had been carrying, enabling them to revive what they had found as children.

References Brown, S. (2009). Play Play: How It shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination and Invigorates the Soul. New York: Penguin Publishing Inc.

De Wall, F. (September 2009). Bodies in Sync: Contagious Laughter, Yawns, and moods offer insight into empathy’s origins. Web.

Brown, S. (2008, May) . Play is More than Fun [Video Recording]. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Play: A Key Factor on an Individual’s Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Brown, T. (2008, May). Creativity and Play [Video Recording]. Web.

Robinson, K. (2006, Feb). School Kill Creativity [Video Recording]. Web.


Usefulness of Play Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

The importance of play in cognitive development of children cannot be ignored. It has been established that children learn the various uses of objects when they are allowed to play with them than when other means of teaching are used. This indicates that play plays an important role in the process of learning among children where the children are given platforms to try the various ways that an object can be put into use.

This paper seeks to examine the relationship that exists between playing among the children and how play helps develop their imaginative skills. The paper also examines the relationship that exits between psychological coping and resiliency, and how this relationship may help a child when confronted with a dangerous situation. Lastly, the paper examines whether the strategies adopted at childhood are still useful in adulthood or at advanced stages of childhood or adolescence stage.

As noted by Hardman, Drew


Reinhard Heydrich’s Role in the Holocaust Term Paper college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Reinhard Heydrich’s role in the Holocaust

Decision to murder Jews




Introduction In 1933, the population of people belonging to the Jewish race stood at above nine million in Europe. Majority of this Jewish population lived in the countries that Germany deserved to occupy and or have impeccable influence during the Second World War.

The holocaust[1] entangled “the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators” (Gilbert 1986, 13). Germans who came to power in 1933 believed in a big way on the racial superiority of the German as compared to other people coming from different races. They considered the Jews as racially inferior[2].

Consequently, the people had advocated for mass slaughter of Jews. In fact, the word holocaust refers to the “sacrifice by fire” in Greek. Because of the perceived beliefs of racial inferiority, the German authorities also targeted other races not related to Jews. Such groups included disabled, gypsies, Russians among others. About 200,000, gypsies, about 200,000 physically or mentally challenged patients from German race were also murdered.

Additionally, “…other groups were prosecuted on political, ideological and behavioral grounds, among them communists, socialist, Jehovah’s witness and homosexuals” (Dawidowicz 1975, 3). Many of the people belonging to holocaust target group, particularly the religious leaders and those whose behavior did not much some of the prescribed social norms principally died out of starvation, mistreatment and or neglect.

Reinhard Heydrich was one of the Germans high-ranking officials who played proactive roles in the Nazi government[3] holocaust incident. Perhaps his inspirations for his involvements in the holocaust were long inbuilt within him right from the age of sixteen. Gilbert, reckons that “At the age of 16 Heydrich took up with the local Freikorps and became strongly influenced by the racial fanaticism of the German Volk movement and their violent anti-Semitic beliefs” (1986, 33).

After two years, he abandoned Halle in an endeavor to a career with the German navy at the capacity of signals officer. In fact by 1926, he had risen up to the “rank of second lieutenant in the Baltic Command of the German Navy (Admiralstabsleitung der Marinestation Ostsee)” (Dawidowicz 1975, 11).

It is while serving at this capacity that he made his initial encounter with “admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the German military intelligence” (Dawidowicz 1975, 11)). Although the two became influential friends they latter ended up being enormous foes. On being accused of being involved with a woman, sired a child and later refused to marry her, his dreams of becoming an admiral within the German navy hit a dead end. On dismissal, from the commission, he joined the Nazi party[4].

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the age of 27, in 1931 he became officially a member of SS. Gilbert reckons that “It wasn’t long before his Aryan looks and strict attention to detail caught the eye of the Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, with whom he managed to secure an interview for the role of SD Chief” (1986, 18). Borrowing from his experience as a signals officer, he was able to pass the interview.

His tenure at the SD saw the organization grow from a small entity into a gigantic organization capable of controlling nationwide informants’ networks. As Dawidowicz notes, “He collected information and created files on Communists, Trade Unions, Social Democrats, wealthy industrialists, Jews, even Nazi party members and SA leaders” (1975, 37). With aid from Goring and Himmler, he organized for the fall of Ernst Röhm: the SA leader. During this incident, many SA leaders were murdered.

This saw the end of SA term in power. Through this incident, he gained an enormous reputation for being a merciless and efficient mass killer. Gilbert posits, “When Hitler needed a pretense to invade Poland he turned to the master of intrigue and Heydrich delivered” (1986, 19). This reputation perhaps saw him appointed as the president of Interpol in 1940. Reinhard Heydrich chaired the Wannsee conference in 1942 while still serving as the president of Interpol.

The main agenda of this conference was to come up and lay strategies for the ‘ final solution’: deportation coupled with extermination of every Jew who occupied territories that deserved to be solely occupied by Germans. This is what is termed as holocaust. This paper presents his role in the holocaust around the Wannsee conference shading light on the affects it had on the holocaust. It also unveils whether the murdering of the Jews was an incident already determined before the holding of the conference.

Reinhard Heydrich’s role in the Holocaust Reinhard Heydrich was among the holocaust engineers. He took orders and answered to all matters involving the extermination and deportation coupled with the imprisonment of Jews[5].

Such orders and queries emanated from his bosses Himmler and Hitler. In 1938, “During kristallnacht, he sent a telegram to various SD and Gestapo offices, helping to coordinate the program with the SS, SD, Gestapo, uniformed police (Orpo), Nazi party officials, and even the fire departments” (Dawidowicz 1975, 41). The telegram permitted the destruction, as well as acts of arson against Jewish synagogues together with their businesses.

The telegram also gave direction to remove all archives material positioned in the synagogues and community centers belonging to the Jews. According to Graber, the telegram also insisted that “as many Jews – particularly affluent Jews – are to be arrested in all districts as can be accommodated in existing detention facilities” (1980, 9). Soon after the conducting of his arrests, there was the need to contact the necessary concentration camps according to the telegram.

We will write a custom Term Paper on Reinhard Heydrich’s Role in the Holocaust specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This endeavor aimed at ensuring the placement of all the Jews in the camps in the shortest time possible. The directions given in the telegram well indicates that he had the capacity to manipulate and control the Nazi government tools of governance[6]. Any attempt by the law enforcers to concentrate all the Jews in the concentration camps consequently, arguably were conducted at his command and influence of the powers conferred to him.

Reinhard Heydrich had an impeccable ability to control the police and tools of state security. With the help of his boss: Himmler[7], they used political forces to influence the police in an attempt to ensure the consolidation of the Nazi administration in the entire nation of Germany[8].

In 1934, he was chiefly responsible for running the largest political police force: Prussian Gestapo. As Ron reckons “In 1935, he described the police as “the state’s defensive force that could act against the legally identifiable enemy” with the SS as “the offensive force that could initiate the final battle against the Jews”” (1998, p.13).

The final battle was perhaps the early stages for holocaust. Even as the initial violence constructed by the Nazi regime principally to attack Jews begun in 1938, Reinhard Heydrich still headed the police force. His orders were mainly “”Whatever actions occurred should not endanger German lives or property; synagogues could be burned only if there was no danger to the surrounding buildings” (Ron 1998, 27).

On 21 September 1939, he called a conference in which he reiterated the significance of confining Jewish population in the fewest possible concentration camps[9]. As a prerequisite for facilitation of this call, he gives an authority for the establishment of Jewish elders’ council. This council had the chief mandate of ensuring the execution of every order given to the Jews without giving excuses. If the council failed in the realization of this noble duty, the “were to be threatened with “the severest measures” (Ron 1998, 29).

During the 12 November 1938 meeting, Reinhard Heydrich insisted that measures to ensure restriction of the “external sub humans”: There were no adequate strategies to get rid of them completely. Later in January the following year, Goring asked Reinhard Heydrich to tackle the Jewish problem through evacuation coupled with emigration strategies[10].

In June 1940, Heydrich “wrote to the Reich Foreign Secretary Joachim von Ribbentrop that emigration alone could not take care of all the Jews and that “A territorial final solution has thus become necessary[11]” ( Ron 1998, 35). Reinhard Heydrich joined the German navy when his country had just been defeated during the First World War. He thus had the opinions held by his parents of blaming the Jews for the defeat. Consequently, he could have done anything to ensure the incapacitation of the Jews who were to survive the holocaust.

Goring offered him a position to head the ‘central office for Jewish emigration’. While working in this capacity he incredibly dedicated a lot of effort to ensure coordination of differing initiatives geared towards fostering dominance of policies that favored SS, as opposed to Jews. He also credited a lot of his time to work on the initiatives that would facilitate the ‘final solution’.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Reinhard Heydrich’s Role in the Holocaust by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, while still serving as the head of the central office for Jewish emigration, in 1939, “Heydrich sent out a teleprinter message to the Chiefs of all Einsatzqruppen of the Security Police with a subject of “Jewish question in the occupied territory””(Dawidowicz 1975, 65). This telegram contained a detailed instruction addressing the appropriate strategies on how to round up the Jewish population for the purposes of placing them in ghettos[12].

It also addressed and advocated for the formation of Judenrat coupled with an order to conduct an urgent census. This census aimed at unveiling the much-desired information about the actual number of Jewish population occupying the German territories. The telegram also ordered for the “Aryanization plans for Jewish owned business and farms” (Graber, 1980, 45).

There was the issuing of orders for evacuation of Jews from the Eastern provinces by Reinhard Heydrich. These were evident in the 29 December telegram sent by him in 1939. With regard to Lehrer (2000), the telegram described “various details of the “evacuation” of people by railway, and giving guidance surrounding the Dec 1939 Census which would be the basis on which those evacuations were formed” (79).

During the Prague meeting held on 10 October 1941, he was among the invited senior official of the government. In this meeting, the members present discussed the agenda for deport 50,000 Jews occupying of Moravia and Bohemia protectorate. They were to hand over the Jews to the ghettos of Riga and Minsk[13]. Additionally, the meeting tackled yet another crucial agenda. This entailed the decision to hand over about 5000 Jews Rash and Nebe.

Arguably, these two agendas were immensely consistent with the concerns of the Wannsee conference. The main idea was to get rid of the Jews immigrants who the people deemed racially insignificant as compared to the native Germans. As Lehrer (2000) comments, the conference discussed “The creation of ghettos in the Protectorate, which would eventually result to the construction of Theresienstadt, where 33,000 people would eventually die, and tens of thousands more would pass through on their way to death in the East” (76).

Amid being part and parcel of the officials dominating this meeting, later in 1941 he was appointed to take the responsibilities of implementing another essential decision that would help Germany deal with the perceived menace of the Jews presence in their territories by Himmler.

To this end, he was to facilitate the task of forcefully relocating the Jews to Lodz ghetto situated in Poland from Czechoslovakia, as well as Germany. The involvement of the Reinhard Heydrich in these meetings perhaps lays the foundation for his selection as the chair of the 1942 Wannsee conference that would result to holocaust.

During the 1942 conference, he presented to the German government officials the detailed plan that he deemed vital for dealing with the Jewish population. His plan perhaps well exemplify his reputation in possession of the capacity to conduct mass killing and ruthless interventional strategies to deal with anyone who happens to step on the spot forbidden by the Nazi government.

Jews happen to step on this spot: the German territories. Perhaps quoting from his speech, Graber posits, “Under suitable direction, the Jews should be brought to the East in the course of the Final Solution, for use as labor” (1980, 11).

As part of the final solution, mass moving of the Jews to areas that required heavy labor inputs was to follow. This happened with both sexes distantly separated. Reinhard Heydrich added that “the Jews capable of work will be transported to those areas and set to road-building, in the course of which, without doubt, a large part of them (“ein großteil”) will fall away through natural losses” (Graber 1980, 12).

Natural causes were used to avoid direct mentioning of the terms starvation combined with hard labor, which would have anyway killed the Jews rather than direct execution. The main intent here was to ensure that all the Jews died, if possible. Perhaps Reinhard Heydrich’s speech during the Wannsee conference reinforced this concern.

He argued that “The surviving remnant, surely those with the greatest powers of resistance, will be given exceptional treatment, since, if freed, they would constitute the germinal cell for the re-creation of Jewry” (Graber 1980, 12). Special treatment, or “special action” or “treated accordingly” as deployed in different connotations of varying Nazi correspondences, implies that the remnant Jews were to be killed through firing or gassing.

The SS squads had the obligation of arranging this nature of execution of which Reinhard Heydrich had full control[14]. Furthermore, considering the way Reinhard Heydrich constructed his language in an attempt to disguise the actual actions, it evident that he took critical roles in the doctoring of the strategies presented to the government officials at the conference.

One evident concern of this speech is that Reinhard Heydrich was a racial stereotype. He seems to advocate for his proposed strategy to end the races that appeared as unimportant in comparison to his German race. This way, through his contributions in Wannsee conference, he acted to propagate racial hatred, which would then result to more increased mass exportation and killing of people belonging to Jewish race.

As a way of example, in his speech regarding the issue of the special treatment, he argued that “The person of mixed blood of the second degree has a particularly distressing police and political record that shows that he feels and behaves like a Jew” (Graber 1980, 27). This perhaps portrays well and justifies his merciless treatment of Jews in the due cause of the final solution decision of the implementation process[15].

In fact, the Nazi government had a dare need to control the reproduction of Jewish people. Some of the other official present in the Wannsee conference like Dr. Stückart, the then state secretary went on to advocate for forced sterilization, as a way of ensuring that the second-degree Jews hardly reproduced.

To him this would have permanently curtailed the replication of Jewish trait in Europe. In this extent, his proposal was well consistent with the dilemma that faced the Nazi regime: dealing with the high population of the Jews occupying its protectorates, especially as the Germany contemplated on getting into the World War II. Reinhard Heydrich was principle person mandated to ensure successful implementation of the final solution.

As Kimel posits, “State Secretary Dr. Bühler stated further that the solution to the Jewish question in the General Government is the responsibility of the Chief of the Security Police and the SD[16] and that his efforts would be supported by the officials of the General Government” (2008 Para.5).

Reinhard Heydrich happened to the person holding this post. Indeed, at the end of the conference, members agreed that he had the noble responsibility to ensure a successful handling of the Jew question. They thus vowed to provide the necessary support.

Apart from his role as the holocaust mastermind, Reinhard Heydrich was the man solely charged with the implementation of the plan. Kimel posits, “The man entrusted with implementing Hitler decision to eradicate the Jewish population of Europe was Hitler’s deputy- Reinhard Heydrich” (2008 Para.1). Consequently, he was part of all phases of the final solution including his selection to chair the Wannsee conference.

A major part of the final solution entailed creation of concentration camps where the Jews would accumulate awaiting transportation to the killing centers or deportation to the areas where their death was to take place. In this extent, Reinhard Heydrich “created the master plan, organized the ghettos, trained and supervised the Einsatzgrouppen[17]” (Kimel 2008 Para.1). In fact, he took proactive roles in the endeavors to ensure the resettling of the Jews in gas chambers.

As the chairperson of the famous Wannsee conference, he sealed the decision to solve the Jewish question. As notes, after this conference “he ordered the creation of the Ghettos in Poland, at railroad junctures to facilitate their future “resettlement”, he was in charge of rounding up and transportation of the Jews to the Death Factories” (2008 Para.5). This process required hefty mobilization of the German tools of maintenance of laws and order. Heydrich turned out as a gigantic genius at this.

His reputation as a mass killer perhaps gave him additional enthusiasm to execute his roles. His involvements in the holocaust are, additionally justifiable since “Heydrich had an incredible acute perception of the moral, human, professional and political weaknesses of others and he also had the ability to grasp a political situation in its entirety” (Kimel 2008, Para.9). Such a negative perception of the Jews values as compared to the Germans stands out based on the manner in which he classified Jews- first class and second class.

Those Jews who never had the German blood at were to face the weirdest treatment: executed immediately. He had an intense racial hatred that was essential for ruthless actions against the Jewish population[18]. Gilbert, concurs with this argument adding that “His unusual intellect was matched by his ever-watchful instincts of a predatory animal, always alert to danger and ready to act swiftly and ruthlessly” (1986, 45).

Reinhard Heydrich was an ardent centre of evil in the Nazi administration. He changed the responsibilities of the police as dictated by the totalitarian states from tools for enhancing law and order into lethal weapons of the state. In this regard, Breitman claims that the police acted as instruments of “oppression of the citizens[19]” (1991, 121).

He also deployed enormous steps to ensure that the police hardly acted in accordance to the interests of the state. Consequently, Reinhard Heydrich enabled the police to violate human rights[20]. In fact, he provided an absolute assurance that they would not convict for their acts. The decision to murder Jews was a state engineered policy and hence police had to enforce it.

Reinhard Heydrich had proved in other instances as a merciless cold killer. According him the responsibility for implementation of the concerns of the final solution, guaranteed both his senior Himmler and Hitler incredible success of the decision to mass eliminate the Jewish population amounting to about eleven million. He was thus the disguised pivot upon which the Nazi regime oscillated. As Kimel (2008) notes, “The development of a whole nation was guided indirectly by this forceful character” (Para.7).

By noting that he had an immense power to manipulate all political centers of Nazi regime administration, his contribution to doctoring and subsequent implementation of Hitler decision was conspicuous. Fleming reckons, “He was far superior to all his political colleagues and controlled them as he controlled the vast intelligence machine of the SD[21]” (1984, 56). The circumstances giving rise to the holocaust are arguably chiefly attributable to his position and perceived capabilities by his superiors particularly Hitler.

Opposed to somewhat many anticipation that the final decision: being one of the critical decisions made by Nazi government, to have more of the most senior administrator’s follow up, Reinhard Heydrich was responsible for the follow up of its proceeds. This was perhaps because he was an impeccable manipulator.

He even manipulated Hitler leave alone Himmler. Additionally, he employed “his extensive knowledge of the weaknesses and ambitions of others to render them dependent on himself” (Fleming 1984, 57). An introspection of his earlier life perhaps exemplifies his magnitude of atrocity against the Jews.

When he served in the army majority of his comrades initially thought that he was a Jew. He disputed immensely these allegations. As Graber reckons, “When Heydrich was a child in Halle, neighborhood children made fun of him, calling him “Isi” (Izzy), short for Isidor, a name with a Jewish connotation” (1980, 81). Such allegations made him incredibly angry especially when he served in the navy[22].

He, in fact, challenged everybody who made such allegations for tarnishing his personality. His hatred for Jews was thus a long-term concern. Now that he had the opportunity to wipe out this long hated race, people expected the holocaust perhaps to be even worse than it was.

The responsibility of the implementation of the final solution was not by coincidence that it landed to the hand of Heydrich. He was brilliant in giving witty ideas during the meetings between Hitler and Himmler. He, in fact, outshined Himmler in terms of ideas. As Fleming (1984) reckons, “He made Hitler dependent on him by fulfilling al his most insane schemes, thus making himself indispensable.

He supplied Himmler with brilliant ideas so that he could shine in conferences with Hitler, and would do it so tactfully that Himmler never suspected that these ideas were not his own” (57). Holocaust was evidently on Hitler’s insane scheme whose implementation was squarely dependent Reinhard Heydrich for its successful implementation.

Reinhard Heydrich made proactive steps towards solving the nightmare problem of Jewish population destruction. He initiated the steps to ensure that the fabric bonding the Jewish community was substantially torn. To do this, he adopted the strategies of starving, brutally mistreating the Jews, and making use of his foes (Jews) to initiate their process of self-extinction.

As Kimel notes, he “camouflaged the gas chambers as showers for disinfection, incited starved people to volunteer to “resettlement” by offering them bread and sugar and brought Jews from the west in first class railroad cars with dining cars to Auschwitz” (2008, Para.9). A vast myriad of dirty tricks against the helpless Jews had Reinhard Heydrich name conspicuously written behind them.

Reinhard Heydrich had the ability to covert masses of people other than police into murderers. As Kimel notes, “he personally selected the Einsatzgrouppen from ordinary people, not psychopaths; they were bankers, policemen, clerks and even one pastor” (2008, Para.11).

He perhaps managed to accomplish this through the aggravation of racial discrimination amongst the native German population. In this context, Jews stood out as lesser human beings who only served to deprive the native population off their rights. Killing them on a mass scale was then not a significant issue.

Reinhard Heydrich constituted one of the gifted Germans who would pursue whatever responsibilities accorded to them to completion. He would do anything to ensure the realization of his desires. During the holocaust, his desires changed from the roles that he had assumed in overthrowing the previous regime, to extermination and extinction of Jewish population. In fact, he was the most lethal person in Germany.

In Germany, it was almost impossible to gain power without using some black mail. Even though, Reinhard Heydrich had the immense ambition of becoming Reichsminister Minister and if possible the next top most leader of Germany he was not of much threat as compared to, Himmler before the eyes of the Hitler. The most positive way of dealing with Himmler was to subdivide his responsibilities. Implementation of the final solution happened to be one of the responsibilities deemed suitable for multiplication.

Without the contribution of Reinhard Heydrich in the implementation coupled with evaluation of the final solution, mass killing of Jews was not possible. As Kimel notes, “Heydrich was nominated by Hitler as the Protector of Czechoslovakia, and in this post he performed a remarkably admirable job[23]; Heydrich introduced a series of liberalizing moves, decreased the level terror, increased the food rations” (2008, Para.9).

Czechoslovakia government ordered the killing of Reinhard Heydrich. This order excelled. What followed was his assassination in 1942. Upon his death, the implementation of the final solution was now to go to Himmler. As MacDonald notes, the “…cunning, bluffing and superior intelligence of Heydrich was gone” (1989, 12).

Consequently, amid brutal approach in the implementation of the final solution by Himmler ended up not being such a success as compared to Heydrich’s case. Consequently, some Jews survived in Hungary, Bulgaria and France. In October 1944, Himmler suspended the killing of Jews because of “disregarding Hitler’s orders and overruling the objection of the head of Gestapo, Miller” (MacDonald 1989, 15).

Evidently, it stands out safe perhaps to make an assumption that if Reinhard Heydrich was alive, hardly could have any Jew have remained. The manner in which the killings ended additionally justify that Reinhard Heydrich was the main architect and implementer of the final solution. His death resulted to non-completion of the aim of the final solution. Only around six million Jews died out of the targeted eleven million.

Decision to murder Jews Right even before the holding of the conference to seek the final solution, in January 1942, the Nazi government had a clear intent to conduct mass killing of the European Jews. As Fleming (1984) notes, “The decision itself, to exterminate the Jews, was presumably taken before the conference was held.

People had approximated the number of Jews murdered before the Wannsee Conference took place to be 1 million” (1). The meeting, additionally, lasted for only ninety minutes. With the immense factors worth considering when making a decision, it was impossible arriving at ways of handling the possible threats posed by the Jewish people to Germany and the European territories it controlled within this short time span.

From the situation that was on goings in Poland and other territories in the Soviet Union, the conference hardly discussed or came up with new strategies of handling the Jewish question.

In fact, new extermination camps were in place at the time of holding the conference. As Cesarani reckons, “Fundamental decisions about the extermination of the Jews, as everybody at the meeting understood, were made by Hitler, in consultation, if he chose, with senior colleagues such as Himmler and Göring, and not by officials” (1999, 181).

Consequently, it must have been evident to the majority of the participants that the decision on the Jewish question had already been made. Reinhard Heydrich was thus acting within his capacity to brief the conference attendants on some policy under implementation.

Perhaps Reinhard Heydrich main purpose of convening the conference was mainly to make sure that conflicts such the ones experienced upon mass killing of Germans with Jewish blood was conducted in Riga. As Cesarani observes, “The simplest and the most decisive way that Heydrich could ensure the smooth flow of deportations was by asserting his total control over the fate of the Jews in the Reich and the east, and [by] cow[ing] other interested parties into toeing the line of the RSHA” (1999, 187).

Majority of content of the speech delivered by him happened to be news for the better part of the attendants. Again, they took remarkably little time to answer technical question regarding the strategies for solving the Jewish question. This perhaps well indicates that such decisions must have come from a non-disputed authority. This authority happened to be Hitler.

The decision to murder Jews was not arrived upon convening of the Wannsee conference. The chief purpose of holding the conference was perhaps to seek legitimatization of the mass killings of the vast Jewish people in Germany, as well as its territories.

On the closure of the meeting, he appeared to have managed to convince the participants on his strategies of dealing with the Jewish question. Many of them not only admitted having thought the plans as effective, but also promised to offer assistance that was within their capacity. The conference was thus a final step toward advocating for ruthless actions against the Jews. The aftermaths of the conference gave rise to an immense catastrophe on the Jews.

As Fleming notes, “They deported them in considerable numbers to the ghettos in the east and murdered them after the conference” (1984, 5). For the case of German Jews, this was a new thing, only that the magnitude of the exercise of this exercise was aggravated upon the convening the Wannsee conference.

Right from 1941, Reinhard Heydrich has sort for authenticity of plans to exterminate and murder Jews. Goring had as a repercussion accorded this authority European Jews deportation having yielded success. His main intention to call the conference was no predominantly depended on the need to come up with a plan mad by the top official, of the government.

This also appears as the thought of Cesarani who laments, “the main purposes of the conference were to establish the overall control of the deportation program by the RSHA over a number of significant Reich authorities, and to make the top representatives of the ministerial bureaucracy into accomplices and accessories to, and co-responsible for, the plan he was pursuing” (9).

In fact, special approval by the transportation minister was vital since the process of deportation entangled hefty logistical needs. With the existing economical difficulties, this was necessary since the appointment of the rail transport was essentially for this purpose.

Ron Rosenbaum, a journalist author, reveals that the term final solution had been used much earlier in the Nazi party documents even before the Wannsee was held. As at 1931, the Nazi party documents incorporated the terms to refer to putting the Jews forced labor entangling cultivation of swamps, which were predominantly administrated by the SS division (Ron 1998, 23).

This is perhaps giving rise to the Nuremberg laws. The proposition of the final decision was thus arguably implementation of Nuremberg laws in the extreme manner.

Hitler, on the other hand, on 16th of December 1941 in a meeting with the top government officials, had given hints on the decision to murder Jews well in reasonable time before the day of the conference. He had priory called for incorporation of plans to handle the Jews mercilessly. In this regard, he argued that the Germans had no need to spare the Jews or even any other person in the world, apart from their fellow Germans in one of meetings with his senior official in the Nazi government.

Ron expounds on this and records Hitler to have having commented that “if the combined forces of Judaism should again succeed in unleashing a world war that would mean the end of the Jews in Europe…I urge you: Stand together with me…on this idea at least: Save your sympathy for the German people alone” (1998, 67).

This call aimed at drawing the support for the mass killing of the Jews-holocaust. Additionally, Hitler noted that he was involved in a discussion that would finally see the Jews relocated to the east. Although, not all the 3.5 million of people were possible to shoot, according to Hitler, they had to do something about them[24]. Additionally, he commented, “…is scheduled to take place in the offices of the RSHA in the presence of Oberqruppenfuhrer Heydrich.

Whatever its outcome, a prominent Jewish emigration will commence” (Ron 1998, 69). Hitler’s comments about the strategies of copping with the Jews menace perhaps gave the take and the decision to murder Jews well before the time of Wannsee conference. The argument here is that, Reinhard Heydrich was only reading the harsh decisions against the racially considered outfit group of people: Jews, during the Wannsee conference.

Conclusion Upon losing in the first war, Germans associated the loss to the people who Heydrich termed as inferior subhuman: Jews. In 1933, the popu lation of this inferior race, stood at around even million. These Jews occupied the area that Germany thought it was its right to occupy and or influence.

Consequently, Goring directed Heydrich to solve the Jewish question through evacuation and emigration. On evacuation and emigration of around 200,000 Jews, Heydrich thought that evacuation and emigration was not adequate strategy for ensuring that the Jews entirely got out of the German colonies.

Consequently, he brought up the idea of the final solution. In the paper, it has been argued that Heydrich was much close to Hitler than Hitler was to Himmler: the boss to Heydrich. The paper continued to argue that Heydrich was part of the initial planning of the final solution decision, which translated to holocaust.

This line of argument is largely justifiable since as the paper has noted, Heydrich was an impeccable brilliant influencer, who influenced even Hitler. Whenever any plan to execute dirty deals, including the blackmails that saw Hitler come to power, Heydrich was there for Hitler to ensure successful implementation of the plan.

His roles in the holocaust were particularly significant. Right from the preliminary arrangements that saw mass killing of Jews emerge even before the convention of the Wannsee conference, Heydrich was largely involved with them. It is also apparent that the Wannsee conference aimed at briefing the senior members of the Nazi regime administration on the strategies worth taking to solve the Jews question for the last time.

The implementation process of the final solution solely fell in the hand of Heydrich. As the paper argues, the implementation process would not have been as successful as it would have been if pioneered by his boss Himmler. Perhaps this is incredibly justifiable by the manner in which the implementation process came to a dead end upon the assassination of Heydrich in 1942.

Bibliography Breitman, Richard. The architect of genocide: Himmler and the final solution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.

Cesarani, David. Holocaust: from the persecution of Jews to mass murder. New York: Rouledge, 1999.

Dawidowicz, Lucy. The War against the Jews, 1933-1945. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975.

Fleming, Gerald. Hitler and the final solution. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1984.

Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust: A History of the Jews of Europe during the Second World War. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1986.

Graber, Gyn. The Life and Times of Reinhard Heydrich. London: Robert Hale, 1980.

Kimel, Alexandra. Holocaust understanding and prevention. Web.

Lehrer, Steven. Wannsee House and the Holocaust. North Carolina: McFarland Jefferson, 2000.

MacDonald, Callum. The Killing of Reinhard Heydrich. New York: The Free Press, 1989.

Ron, Rosenbaum. Explaining Hitler: The Search for Origins of His Evil. Harper Books, 1998.

Footnotes In its strict sense, the term Holocaust implies a Jewish affair. Therefore, despite the presence of other races, the holocaust strictly targeted the Jews

This is the reason as to why the found it easy to carry out any evil activity against the Jews

This government also tortured other categories of people like the homosexuals. However, the degree of torture towards the Jews was pronounced

This happened immediately after the first world war

He was there to implement the plan put forth by Himmler of clearing the Jewish people from the face of Europe

People referred him to as a genius who could successfully implement any plan given to him including orders

He was appointed Himmler’s deputy in 1931

This administration was entirely against the Jewish people. It could not tolerate anything that the people did, whether good of bad

According to them, the Jews were inhuman and had not valid reason of living. Therefore, the only possible option was to exterminate them

This was an activity done along the lines of racism

He had identified the weaknesses of the Jews from all perspectives: morally, politically and even professionally. Therefore, according to him, these people were weak and useless. They could not bear any fruits in the European continent

This was the best place where they could be tortured without affecting other people

While in these places, the Jews could not access food, medicine, clothes, and or any other basic requirement. Therefore, besides the physical torture, they were also tortures in terms of their rights

He had altered the duty of the police: instead of performing their noble role of maintaining law and order, they had become oppressive tools whose major duty was to kill, steal and destroy

According to him, what he did and said was right and worth implementing. In fact, there is one instance where he literary impregnated a girl and declined his marriage promise that he had made to the girl. This paved way for another style of torture to the Jewish girls: raping

Heydrich was the organizer of this service despite his being unemployed

His pronounced wits made him stand a chance to manipulate both his boss, Himmler and Hitler. He had the ability to control them as he did to the central service system

He even did these evils acts himself like raping girls

They did every sort of evil to disrupt law and order for the Jewish people who had no powers to defend themselves

They carried out acts of terror, blocked food from reaching the starving Jews, exposed them to stern environments and duties despite their deteriorated bodies

In fact, he could even use the Jews to harm themselves unknowingly through the unhealthy foods he ordered to be given to them

In fact, many people attribute his ruthless actions against the Jews to this name. He did not like it and consequently the Jews. The name significantly influenced his character.

The admirable job in question included the organization of the arrest of massive number of people including the Catholic political aspirants. In fact, they say that the available accommodation space in the jail was inadequate following the massive arrests

Arguably, this indicates the possibilities of inculcating some strategies of execution of some Jews