Multinational Companies: A Global Introduction Essay Best Essay Help

The capacity of an organization to expand in the international arena faces many challenges related to the need to survive within multicultural environment.

Culture reflects itself in people’s behaviors and communication. Sending a company’s staff overseas to take part in management of newly established outlets or plants, consequently, results to exposing such people in an environment dominated by cultural difference.

A working illustration of such companies is the American Insurance Group, (AIG) which is multinational as well as multicultural. During expansion, it required a multiethnic staff, part of which were outsourced and the rest employed from the new locations (Avruch,

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Time Management: Theories and Application Report argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Executive Summary There are a number of theories which have been developed in relation to time management. This paper provides an analysis of these theories and demonstrates how they can be applied to increase my studying efficiency. The first theory used is the Bucket of Rocks Theory which offers insight into the order in which a person should work on his activities.

The second theory discussed is Lakein’s ABC system which involves categorizing tasks in order of priority. The third theory discussed is the Inventory System which involves reviewing actions in retrospective and learning from them.

Another theory used is the Time Management Grid which identifies tasks to be done and categorizes them in different quadrants based on their importance.

Goal setting theory which involves coming up with challenging and achievable goals is also suggested as one of the means through which time can be managed. Another time management principle is the Time Management Windows Principles which borrows from Johari’s window.

This principle considers that time can be wasted in a group setting if effective communication is hindered. Pareto’s 80/20 rule which identifies that only 20% of our activities produce 80% of the results we desire is also utilized. Finally, the paper discusses Assertiveness which can assist an individual to avoid wasting time.

These theories were tested and the results reported in my bid to maximize on my study time. From the usage of these theories, I discovered the best way to manage my time and gain optimum results.

Contents Introduction

The Need for Time Management

Theories on Time Management

The Bucket of Rocks Theory

ABC System

The Inventory System

Time Management Grid

Goal Setting Theory

Time Management Windows Principles

Pareto’s 80/20 Rule

Assertiveness

Action Plan: Outcomes and Measures of Achievements

Conclusion

Introduction Time is an important asset to an organization and its efficient usage is a key role of the manager. Time is a non renewable resource and once it is gone, one cannot recover it.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With this in mind, it makes sense to make the best of the available time by prioritizing and doing the more important activities first. To effectively manage time, the manager needs to have good time management skills. Time management is defined by DeJanasz et al. (2006, p84) as “the ability to allocate our time and resources to accomplishing our objectives”.

Time management is undertaken to try and come up with the most efficient manner in which to utilize the time that we have available. It is therefore a practice that is aimed at increasing productivity and efficiency. This paper will provide an analysis of a number of theories that can be used to help a person to better manage their time.

The Need for Time Management Time is a finite commodity and its proper use may lead to increased productivity by a person. Mancini (2003) declares that a person’s ability to manage their time is one of the key causes of success or failure in a person’s life. It is therefore of great importance to properly manage time in order to ensure higher chances of success in life.

Before one can set out to maximize on their time usage, it is necessary for the person to document how time is spent currently. Mancini (2003) suggests that a person should first recognize the kinds of choices that they are making with regard to time usage at the moment. An activity log is one of the tools which can assist in discovering how time is spent.

One may assume that they are using their time in the most efficient manner and it is only after performing a self-analysis that the person realizes that they are guilty of mismanaging time or even wasting it.

With this realization, an individual may wish to undertake steps to better manage their time. There are a number of theories which if properly utilized can assist people to manage their time more efficiently. Some of these theories are articulated below.

Theories on Time Management The Bucket of Rocks Theory

To properly manage time, one needs to know the level of importance that each activity holds. The Bucket of Rocks theory (also referred to as the Pickle Jar Theory) offers insight into the order in which a person should work on his activities (Mancini 2003).

We will write a custom Report on Time Management: Theories and Application specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The theory proposes that you put big rocks in a bucket (this will represent the important thing) and then you fill it up with pebbles followed by sand and then water. The smaller substances represent increasingly unimportant tasks (Forsyth 2010).

According to this theory, we are supposed to do the important things (big stones) first and then move on to the less important things (pebbles and sand) and finally if we have the tie, we can do the unimportant things (water). If we begin working on the unimportant things or the less important things first, we will not have the space to do the important things in our lives.

ABC System

Every person is on average faced with many activities which require attention. In many instances, the time available may not be sufficient for all the activities that need to be done.

In order to use time more effectively, a person needs to prioritize on the tasks that need to be undertaken. The ABC system developed by Alan Lakein can provide an efficient means for prioritizing. Mancini (2003) demonstrates that using the ABC approach can facilitate an individual’s prioritizing.

The letter assigned to a given task denotes its priority level with A being the tasks with highest urgency, B the tasks that have low urgency but are of importance and C being tasks that are not urgent and whose completion can be postponed. Mancini (2003) states that the tasks can be broken down further as A1, A2, A3 etc with A1 being the most urgent and important task.

From the ABC list, one can ask themselves questions such as “I’m I putting of an A priority because it is unpleasant?” From the ABC list, one can ask themselves questions such as “I’m I putting of an A priority because it is unpleasant? Will I manage to achieve the C priority tasks before they become A’s?” Such questions will result in insights being gained into how to accomplish the most important and critical tasks first.

The Inventory System

As we undertake activities, we learn from them and are in a position to do them better subsequently. The inventory system is a results-oriented approach that is based on the premise that one learns the most by reviewing how they handled the day and applying these lessons to the next day’s behavior (Forsyth 2010).

This theory argues that a retrospective analysis of activities done represents a more behavior changing approach to dealing with situations in life. Mancini (2003, p.162) declares that “behavior modification is a significant time management strategy”. As such, while the inventory system is not in itself a time-saving measure, it results in the establishment of time-saving behavioral changes in a person.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Time Management: Theories and Application by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Time Management Grid

This theory involves placing the activities that need our attention on a grid. The grid then reveals how each activity is being categorized based on how soon it needs to be done (Harris 2008). The grid consists of 4 quadrants and each quadrant has a different priority level.

The first grid which is quadrant one has tasks that have the highest importance and bear urgency and therefore should be done immediately. The second grid has important activities that are not as urgency. Harris (2008, p.22) refers to the activities in this quadrant as “quality time” which means that while the activities are of importance to the success of a company, they do not require to be done immediately.

The third grid consists of activities that bear urgency but are of no importance. This grid is therefore also known as the distraction grid since the activities contained therein do not bear much importance to helping one achieve goals. The forth grid contains activities that are neither urgent nor important.

Goal Setting Theory

Goals assist us to properly focus and work towards achieving the things that are important to us. The Goal-setting theory advanced by Locke can be used to effectively manage a person’s time. This theory is based on the premise that a person will be more motivated to perform if they have clear and specific goals and objectives. According to this theory, high performance can only come from clear expectations (Pynes 2008, p.155).

Personal goal setting enables a person to plan and therefore live life in their own way. By setting goals that are both challenging and achievable, a person will have a clear idea of what needs to be done and will be motivated to work towards the set goals. A person will therefore avoid wasting time on activities that do not assist in the fulfillment of the desirable goals.

Time Management Windows Principles

In many work environments, we are required to work with other people to achieve desired goals. While working with people may lead to higher productivity, it can also hinder out ability to manage our own time (Butler

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Hiram Rhodes Revels Essay cheap essay help

Hiram Rhodes Revels was born on the 27th of September 1822 in Fayetteville (North Carolina). He was born as a free child, meaning that his parents were not slaves. His father (a clergyman) was of the African descent while his mother was of the White descent; a Scottish to be precise.

His early education was problematic given that during that time, it was illegal to educate Black children and this forced him to attend a school which was taught by a Black woman who was also free. During his early years, he mixed education with work, where he worked as a barber for some time (Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1901).

After completing his education in 1844, Revels joined the Quaker Seminary as well as the Darke Seminary (for Blacks). After some training in the seminary, he was ordained as a pastor of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Indiana in 1845 where he served till 1849 when he was elected as an elder during a conference of the church leaders.

At this point in time, he got married to a free Black lady from Ohio called Phoebe Bass with whom they were later to be blessed with six daughters (Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1901).

Between 1850 and 1853, Revels concentrated on evangelical work taking the gospel to various places including Tennessee, Kansas, Kentucky, Illinois and Indiana.

He also served as a pastor of the AME in Missouri in 1853, where he preached the gospel to fellow Blacks (who were not free) and their masters as well. Despite his cautious approach (not to incite blacks) in his gospel, he earned himself an imprisonment in 1854 where he was accused of extending the privilege of gospel to the Blacks who were slaves. He was released in 1855.

Upon his release from prison, he joined his brother Willis to spread the gospel in Baltimore, where he also became a principal of a school before joining the Knox College in Illinois from 1855 to 1857 courtesy of a scholarship by well-wishers. By this time, he had become very influential and popular especially among the Blacks (Thompson

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Classical Liberalism Concepts Essay (Article) essay help: essay help

Classical Liberalism is a set of ideas about the way people should live together, and the role of government, which were articulated from the 17th century through the 19th century.

These concepts have their roots in earlier centuries and still reverberate today. Affecting everything from revolution to evolution, and wage controls to welfare, classical liberalism, and its critique, has helped to shape society in the UK, the Commonwealth countries, and the USA.

Classical liberalism differed from previous views of the world in that it de-emphasized the unquestioned absolute control of human affairs by the Catholic Church, and/or the monarchy with supposed divine right, and/or aristocratic oligarchy.

The nature of humans was described, as E.K. Hunt asserts, as “egoistic, coldly calculating, essentially inert and atomistic” (wikipedia, 2011) quoting E.K. Hunt (Hunt, 2003, p. 44) Instead, thinkers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baron Charles de Montesquieu, Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and David Ricardo all assented to the necessity for the rule of law. This substitution of a legal code or system for the uncontrolled power of the monarch was expected to protect the individual’s rights, which themselves were a novel idea.

These philosophers also believed that the right to own, profit from, and dispose of private property rather than living as serfs, tied to the land without owning it, would contribute to the health and wealth of the nation. Further, these rights, they began to assert, needed to be exercised in a context of economic freedoms, such as freedom to trade, and to compete.

The origins of these ideas can be discerned in developments in Europe starting perhaps as early as the Crusades. These adventures exposed the Europeans to other religions, and other ways of living, as well as ancient Greek and Roman philosophical and scientific texts and knowledge that had survived in Arab libraries and traditions (p. 69) (e.g. De Rerum Natura, by Lucretius, lost, and re-discovered by a 15th century Florentine (National Public Radio, 2011)).

The human-centered, rational focus of the Renaissance can be said to have benefitted from such rediscoveries of lost knowledge (p. 68). Factors such as the Black Death, and trends away from an exclusive dependence on agriculture all contributed to increasing the value of serfs’ labor and thereby increasing their options. This contributed to the detaching of serfs from the land and creating an urban merchant society (Hunt, 2003, p. 22).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Industrial Revolution made a definite break with agriculture, and brought with it many new problems as well as great wealth for some. This led thinkers to reconsider the previously accepted relationship between government and the governed, workers and the products of their work, and many other important issues.

John Locke proposed that humans enter the world as blank slates without evil, which was not necessarily in line with the Catholic Church’s view, and that our impulses tend to be positive towards each other. In his view, as reasonable entities of basic goodness, humans deserve basic rights to live, to do what they wish, and to own property (p. 109). Government, in a social contract with the governed, should be responsible for ensuring that these rights are protected, in Locke’s view.

This notion of the ‘social contract’ was deeply felt in the British colonies and contributed to the American Revolutionary war for independence. Thomas Hobbes, on the other hand, held a rather more negative view of human nature, and this is reflected in a concomitant difference in the role he assigned to government.

He felt that humans’ overwhelming self-interest required powerful supervision to avoid people preying on each other and making each other’s lives “nasty, brutish, and short” (p. 108). Charles de Montesquieu proposed that governments, chosen by their citizens, should have their power constrained by having their functions separated into three elements.

He suggested that they be as follows: the legislative to create laws, the executive to implement them, and the judicial to punish when laws are broken. This model has been used by many modern democratic governments. It was applied very explicitly by the American colonies after their bid for independence (p. 110).

John Stuart Mill was a proponent of the protection of individual rights within a functioning democracy. He believed that where the majority could vote to affect society, the minority could be thereby tyrannized. To avoid this, he suggested that unless behavior (and speech) harmed others, it be allowed, even if it were self-destructive (p. ibid).

This idea is particularly significant today, when modern democracies face the bill for medical costs for people’s self-harm (e.g., smoking-related lung diseases, drinking-related liver damage, and sexually transmitted diseases, all of which arise from personal behavioral choices).

We will write a custom Article on Classical Liberalism Concepts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Adam Smith, following the laissez-faire ideas of the French physiocrats, believed that individuals operating in unconstrained fashion in their own best interests would, without even being aware of it, contribute to the nation’s economic betterment (p. 112).

He opposed the control of trade by the Crown for the purposes of collecting money for the treasury, and limitations on trade with other nations. He believed that such controls and fees on commerce interfered with free trade and blocked the beneficial action of the “invisible hand” in increasing overall wealth (p. 79). David Ricardo helped to clarify the value of labor, and the relationship of labor supply, demand, and wages (p. 103).

These ideas, all of which were passionately argued for several centuries, together lead to a model of economic behavior that is sometimes termed capitalism. Countries led by governments that are chosen with the consent of the governed, encouraging through their inaction the active trade, exchange, and commerce between individuals, entities and nations, were believed to permit the accumulation of wealth and the increase of production.

This model allowed for the rise and spread of industrialization, and the amassing of great fortunes, but also permitted hideous abuses of labor. The discontent on the part of thoughtful people with such deficiencies in the system (exemplified in the powerful satirical commentary by the writer and journalist Charles Dickens) led to the development of Modern Liberalism (p. 103). This movement also has a long-lived legacy.

Modern Liberalism developed as an attempt to respond constructively to the truly horrible side effects of classical liberalism. To the industrialists of the time, there seemed to be no profit advantage to be gained by treating laborers well. Unfortunately, there were no laws requiring any better treatment. Both from laborers in industry themselves, and from thinkers who were observing industry and society, there were powerful reactions.

Ranging from the direct destructive action of the Luddites, to the more peaceful efforts of the Chartists, to the Utopian philosophizing of George Bernard Shaw and the Fabian Society, and moving on to the near-religious convictions of committed Marxists, these were all attempts to redress and prevent perceived wrongs inflicted on workers. They all have had a definite and continuing impact on the way modern democracies operate by contributing to the development of Modern Liberalism.

An early and tangible objection to the treatment of laborers in the time of Classical Liberalism came from the laborers themselves. When machines began replacing skilled artisans with minimally trained machine operators, especially in the textile industry, workers saw a threat to their livelihoods.

They attempted to destroy the machines themselves, in various places, starting with the actions of a laborer named Ludd. The workers who followed this example were called Luddites. So dramatic was this protest actions, that this name was later applied to anybody who objected to all sorts of innovations and discoveries.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Classical Liberalism Concepts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The mill owners successfully called on the government to suppress these protests with force, on the grounds that they were being prevented from doing business freely (pp. 131-132). Coming somewhat later, and seeking a solution to the problems of society attributed to classical liberalism, the Chartists focused on voting and representation.

These activists were named for the People’s Charter (there were three of these, signed by many thousands) that outlined their proposals. They pushed for universal adult male suffrage, equalizing the size of electoral districts, secret ballots, elimination of property qualifications for Parliamentary candidates, a concomitant institution of a salary for MPs, and regular yearly elections.

All these reforms except the annual Parliamentary elections were implemented. These changes would, the Chartists hoped, lead to a more democratic political process, and allow wider participation in governance. Names such as Feargus O’Connor, John Frost, William Lovett, Henry Vincent and Earnest Jones are associated with this comprehensive attempt to create a more equitable society (Chartists.net, 2011) (pp. 132-133).

The Utopian socialists took the notion of creating an ideal society further. Visionaries such the British industrialist Robert Owen, in Great Britain, and the American journalist Horace Greeley, supported improving the conditions under which people worked and lived, by means of education, labor, and health reforms (pp. 134-135).

These ideas were not extreme enough for other socialists, such as Karl Marx. These thinkers and activists believed that society must be changed from the ground up, literally.

They asserted that the whole concept of private ownership of anything that could be used to generate profit (e.g., land, mills, machinery; the means of production) led inevitably to the evil of exploitation of one class by another. They asserted that the government should impose economic equality and ensure a classless society (p. 136).

While the complexities of the internal conflicts between various flavors of socialism and communism are beyond the scope of this essay question, the principles that the communists and socialists debated and even died for, have had a definite effect on government policies and continue to do so today (pp. 136-139). The ideas of Marx and Engels thus contributed substantially to the formation of Modern Liberalism.

It was especially during the Great Depression that the deficiencies of laissez-faire capitalism, and even of the mitigating efforts of welfare capitalism, became apparent (p. 142). With people literally starving, many thoughtful people acknowledged the need to implement some sort of safety net. This was yet another step in the development of Modern Liberalism (p. 145). During the Depression, many reforms were implemented that redistributed resources to stimulate the economy, and protect families from tragedy.

Thinkers such as economist John Maynard Keynes asserted that the government needed to smooth out the fluctuations in the economy that were inevitable in a capitalist system where demand and supply rise and fall all the time (pp. 146-149). This fiscal approach has been implemented to some degree in the USA, and in fact, these ideas are the subject of intense public debate right now in the current economic crisis.

In day-to-day life, the best practical ideas arising from the principles of Modern Liberalism, such as Medicare, have been more or less successfully, implemented to ensure that people do not fall into the cracks through no fault of their own.

Such efforts to prevent illness or job loss from causing unnecessary death are the essence of Modern Liberalism as it is seen today, at its best. Society is viewed under Modern Liberalism as needing to be cajoled, nudged, bullied, disciplined, and supported in its efforts to avoid trampling or leaving behind its weaker members, and the government is allotted these tasks.

Bibliography Chartists.net. (2011). Chartism Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved from ChartismAncestors: http://www.chartistancestors.co.uk/#2

Hunt, E. (2003). PROPERTY AND PROPHETS: THE EVOLUTION OF ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS AND IDEOLOGY. Armonk, NY, USA: M.E.Sharpe.

National Public Radio. (2011, September). The Swerve: How the World Became Modern. Retrieved from NPR Books. Perspectives on Ideology.

wikipedia. (2011, September 22). CLASSICAL LIBERALISM. Retrieved from WIKIPEDIA.org: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_liberalism#History

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Disaster of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 Essay a level english language essay help

It has been a little over five years since Hurricane Katrina hit the coast of United States of America, in Louisiana. This catastrophic disaster caused unthinkable havoc not only on the land, but also took a toll on the economy as well. The oil industry, fishing industry and the tourism industry were hit the hardest.

All that was left to salvage after Hurricane Katrina’s havoc, were the images of the once thriving neighborhoods, abandoned homes, and empty lots.

These were also joined by the empty fishing boats that had once been busy in the sea, with fishermen who were earning a living comfortably, but not anymore. One could also see empty oil rigs from a distance. Dead bodies were all over and the horrific sight culminating from the actions of Mother Nature were unfathomable. Evacuations were in order and the American people did try to do what they could, but it did not seem enough.

The state’s entire economy was almost wiped out, but nothing could have been done to stop the Hurricane from striking Louisiana. This disaster took a heavy toll on the affected victims and it pushed some of them to committing suicide, while others suffered psychological trauma.

Others turned to substance abuse, in a bid to erase the horrible memories of losing loved ones. Essentially, the loss to accessible health care was a major contributor to deaths, due to untreated chronic diseases (Palser, 2007).Inherently, the young generation of Louisiana was somehow vulnerable to long term psychological effects of loss, mental instability and fear.

This hurricane was categorized as a category four hurricane. The estimated damage cost that was left behind after the massive destruction was valued at over one hundred billion dollars.

The measures that had been put in place to avoid this kind of a disaster were not sufficient enough. This is because they had put up levees that had been designed to hold off category three hurricanes. These were overwhelmed and gave way, which led to immense flooding of the city and the displacement of over one hundred and fifty thousand American citizens.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Amidst all the stories that were told by the victims of Hurricane Katrina, a lot of issues were uncovered. The then president George W. Bush faced a lot of criticism for his government’s slow response to the crisis. The President did not set foot in New Orleans and other areas that had been affected for a number of days.

The government was also blamed for poor disaster management. The Federal government was accused of ignoring warnings that were issued months prior to the approach of the disaster. This was evidenced by the reduction of the funding for disaster management by thirty nine percent and rechanneling it these to other uses (Reed

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Compare GUDEA with Amenemhat II Compare and Contrast Essay college admissions essay help

Guedea like Amenemhat II the 10′ Pharaoh was carved in honor of a leader and king who ruled in the early 2144-2124 BC. By the inscriptions that were found on it, the sculpture forms part of a collection of the pieces in the temples built by the Guedea in Ur Nippur, Asdab Uruk and Bad-Tibira.

They were both carved as symbols of influence and prominence in the Sumer[1] society. Both pieces of art were carefully crafted to reflect the feelings and impressions of the personalities they represented along with the nature and feel of their periods of reign.

Amenemhat II the 10′ Pharaoh compares to the Guedea by its rather lavish but carefully crafted sense of pride that falls in line with the pomp and style that came with the reign of the Pharaohs[2]. It stands 10 foot tall almost the size of a monument with characteristically broad shoulders and a narrow waist that portrays a rather athletic and muscular personality.

Clearly, the reign of the pharaoh between 1919 and 1885 was full of energy and an active mood. The facial completion and the buildup of the facial features tend to make it look like the Ramesses II who rued between 1279 and 1213. The general composure of the piece cultivates a proud and authoritative picture and mood[3].

The Guedea on the other hand is a smaller and more condensed version of kingship. This reflects the early form of art due to its lack of refined and more clearly defined trimmings due to the tools and equipments that were used at the time. The piece of art is rather small and simplistic as to represent the amount of influence and importance that the personality gave to art.

Both motivated by a similar objective, the artworks were created by the people who obviously worshipped them. The sculptures, therefore, have a common theme that only differs in expression and lay out. The Pharaoh was created to thrill, which is reinforced by the wide open eyes and the outburst impression.

The Guedea on the other hand stands to honor the king and recognize the throne as well as represent a rather humble and more reserved king who needed little attention and was more focused on development. The piece was found among the pieces of trade and, therefore, follows the commercial rather than artistic importance[4].

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another important element that characterizes both sculptures and shows distinctly the difference between them is the position the characters are depicted in. The gestures of the characters seem to be one of the links that bring these artworks together. Both sitting in the same position, the Pharaoh and Guedea put their hands in their laps, as if humbly waiting for something or someone to come.

One of the most significant details in the sculptures of the ancient idols, the proportions of the artifacts in question are strikingly different. Speaking of the Pharaoh, one must mention the tremendous size the sculpture has.

Taking a single glance at the sculpture is enough to understand that the creator of the artwork was aiming at emphasizing the magnificence and the power of the beholder of the throne. Hence, the proportions of the sculpture are not distorted, but considerably exaggerated if compared to the size of a real person.

In contrast to the sculpture of the Pharaoh, the Guedea sculpture is tiny and almost insignificant. It is obvious that the creator of the sculpture was not intending to express the grandeur of his creation with help of its size. On the contrary, the sculpture of Guedea seems to command esteem with the air of composure and restraint about the figure.

The Egyptians considered these two characters as deities and could therefore not put a commercial price tag on their sculptures and symbols[5].

They, however, had an extremely high value in the religious realm and were therefore considered holy. The Sumerians, on the other hand, valued the symbols and sculptures of their rulers and their gods in the commercial and religious realm. This, therefore, explains the reason as to why the Guedea was found among other items of trade.

Bibliography Edzard, Dietz Otto. Gudea and His Dynasty. Buffalo, UK: Toronto: University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 1997.

We will write a custom Essay on Compare GUDEA with Amenemhat II specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Frayne, Douglas . Sargonic and Gutian Periods. Buffalo, UK: University of Toronto Press Incorporated, 1993.

Johnson, Ken. “A Pharaoh Lords Over a Museum.” New York Times. August 2011. www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/arts/design/amenemhat-ii-at-metropolitan-museum-review.html?_r=1

Rice, Michael. Egypt’s Making: The Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 BC. New York, NY: Taylor

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Wladyslaw Starewicz vs. Walt Disney Compare and Contrast Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Early life

Work and achievements

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction The silent era was a period linking 1980 and 1930. It was characterized by implausible improvement in sound technology. This revolutionized the fast growing cinema industry. The art of animation was noticeable during this period since it moved from canvas picture presentations to live acts.

Human beings wore adorned costumes bearing insects and animal resemblance. Several actors and directors are credited with this evolution. These include Wladyslaw Starewicz and Walt Disney. This paper compares and contrasts the lives and works of these individuals since they are the animation kings of the twentieth century.

Early life “Wladyslaw Starewicz was born in Poland in the late 1800s” (Wladislaw [sic] Starewicz: Animation Pioneer par 1).Several variations of the accounts of his early living exist. He studied at the institution of “Fine Arts in St Petersburg in Russia” in the early 1900s (Wladislaw [sic] Starewicz: Animation Pioneer par 1). After his studies, he commenced his work as an animator.

Starewicz claims to have started his animation work while operating as an administrator at a museum. According to Walt Disney “Walt Disney was born on 5 December 1901 in Chicago Illinois, USA”.

As a small boy, the family moved to Missouri, which is reputed to have the muse and replica for the focal street of Disneyland. There is where he started going to school and first expressed the feel and aptitude for artistry through painting with crayons and watercolors.

Despite of his unclear backgrounds, by 1910 Starewicz started to make motion pictures that the world had not witnessed. He utilized his knowledge and in-depth interest in insects to make movies that starred the denizens of the natural world in Aesopian style moral fables (Wladislaw [sic] Starewicz: Animation Pioneer).

However, Walt was still a boy aiding his father with his newspaper business while studying cartooning with a correspondence institute before later taking up classes at the “Kansas City Art Institute” (Walt Disney). In 1919, he combined with a fellow artist with whom they made the first animated commercial clip (Walt Disney).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Work and achievements The earlier work done by these two artists had different levels of triumph. From their 1922 studio, Disney and his friend Iwerks made a succession of vivacious caricature sketches called “laugh-O-grams” and a first film, “Alice in Cartoon land,” which were not successful (Lehman 24).

The failure of these two releases made him file for bankruptcy and greatly cast a shadow on his memorable vocation as a film director. Starewicz had a very impressive start to his career.

He had several short releases but first among them is the appealing and technically imposing hilarious film The Cameraman’s Revenge. This film, released long before WWI, is considered a masterpiece of the pioneer stop, film industry (Wladislaw Starewicz: Animation Pioneer).

“The Cameraman’s Revenge”, which focuses on the animated Mr. and Mrs. Beetles idolatry and their final reunion for life in a penitentiary, is not only hilarious but also educative (Lehman 12). This is an example of Starewicz fearless urge to both entertain and educate the public about the ills afflicting the society.

Concurrently, most of Disney’s releases such as the Skeleton Dance were purely entertaining. In particular, this film proved costly due to the need for more complex drawings and technical jobs required.

Disney was a dreamer who expressed his dreams and imaginations through art. However, it is worth noticing that most of his gains went to the next project, which in turn financed the next one.

Disney work was to achieve his imagination, implement it in practice, and achieve a given level of profit. Contrary to this, Starewicz, who led a noble life, did not find pleasure in big profits. He derived pleasure from the satisfaction of his viewers and the society.

We will write a custom Essay on Wladyslaw Starewicz vs. Walt Disney specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Lehman (14), in the mid and late 1920, animators drew most of their themes and stories from traditional African American than any other race in the US.

In addition to this, studios also used the blackface design for transmutation gags for animal stars and well-liked complementary songs that drew laughter at the expense of the African Americans. This technique also included the use of many unrefined and rudimentary jokes carrying ethnic and anti-semiotic undertones. Mickey mouse, the black face musical actor of Disney’s was no exemption.

This is a show of a greater disregard and lack of approval of some races. This is not present in any of the works done by Starewicz. He also enjoyed success before the invention of sound in motion picture, and his use of natural lighting and real-world scale to represent the scenes were perfect such that the story played along harmoniously.

The inclusion of sound in the animated films was a welcoming joy to many in the 1928s. It provided an avenue for commercial ventures at the expense of the audience. According to Lehman, (16), many distributors insisted that films characterize tunes owned by them.

A good example is the “Old Folks at Home performed in Mickey’s Follies in 1929 and Dan Emmet’s “Dixie”, in Mickey’s Choo-Choo of 1929” (Lehman16). While this provided a good accompaniment to film, it shifted the noble animation industry to more of a commercial venture aiming at huge profits through promotion of music. This was a different path from the one envisioned by many like Starewicz.

Lehman, 16) emphasized the fact that despite the retrogressive impact of the use of blackface and traditional African tunes was to the African American, it played a very important role in commemorating the release of the African Americans from bondage.

It also helped cement the position of the Africans as solid constituents of the American society. After WWI, while working in France, he continued to work on stop-motion puppetry films, mainly children stories featuring animals involved in brave moralistic endeavors through out the silent era.

The silent era sow a period in which the economic depression affected the whole world, stretching from Americans the European countries. The only places that still afforded families some comfort was the cinemas.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Wladyslaw Starewicz vs. Walt Disney by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In Europe, Starewicz work such as “The Tale of the Fox” was instrumental by offering words of encouragement to their audience. These two icons of stop motion are arguably the giants on which successive directors of animation movies today stand.

Conclusion According to Lehman (14), many cinema audiences are weary that few genres can still inculcate blameless conjecture that welcomed the nickelodeons. The stop film is still an exception owing to the great work by two pioneers. It is needless to state that Disney stood on the shoulders of Starewicz. This is evident in his blameless work, long before works by Disney were presented to the animation film audience.

Works Cited Lehman, Christopher. The colored cartoon. Massachusetts, MA: Massachusetts Press, 2007.Print

Wladislaw Starewicz: Animation Pioneer. Box office prophets .2002. Web.

Walt Disney. Biography . 2011. Web.

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Consequences of Committing Crime Analytical Essay custom essay help

Individual behavior forms one of the most contributive factors towards a person’s propensity to commit or not to commit a crime. Various factors contribute towards behavioral development and change in an individual; the current economy, the competence portrayed by the police, the parentage and nurturing an individual receives from family, accessibility, and use of illegal drugs and finally the quality and level of discipline exercised by school institutions on the students.

These factors affect the behavior of an individual and might lead them to criminal activities depending on the effect of the overall combination of the elements mentioned above(Tischler 145). There are environments which support crime, and the overall effect is that crimes would be committed in environments which provide a pleasant atmosphere for a crime.

Every crime committed has consequences that can either be positive or negative depending on the reasons for committing the offense. This essay intends to analyze the implications of committing a crime. The penalty for committing crimes can lead to rewards or can also be a source of punishment.

Individuals will choose to do an act or not depending on the overall consequences as a result of the crime. When an idea of committing a particular crime occurs to an individual, they are faced with the choice of either committing or not committing it. Once an individual evaluates the decisions, they will only commit a crime if the benefits of committing it to supersede the losses since both options have consequences that are either negative or positive.

Both positive and negative consequences crop up from committing a crime. This can be categorized into rewards and/or punishments. The rewards of crime are only beneficial to the perpetrators.

Victims of acts of crime suffer significant losses either physically or psychologically as well as from a material perspective. One of the positive rewards of committing a crime is the material gain that one acquires from the offense. Crimes range in form from smuggling, corruption, arson, theft, robbery among others.

Most of these are associated with looting, and an individual can acquire a lot of “free” money or access to valuable products such as money or jewelry from such crimes(Tischler 146). The economic state of a country or an individual’s standard of living might force them to commit an illegal act so that they can gain possession of material benefits that they may lack or may desire to have.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Apart from the material benefits, there are also intangible benefits that could be accrued from a misdemeanor. This may range from the feelings of emotional gratification that some people get; others feel elated after committing a crime (Gaines and Miller 316). Another intangible reward is that an individual may gain the approval of fellow peers in a situation where an individual has been facing pressure from their peer to commit a crime.

Some of the common offenses that youths involved in out of peer pressure are writing graffiti’s on walls and the use of illegal drugs such as bhang and cocaine. Sometimes, some teens do not wish to engage themselves in illicit activities such as drugs, robbery or arson. Their peer groups might be doing it, and for the youth to fit in, he/she has to take part in the crimes.

Others commit these offenses to settle an old score that existed between the offender and the victim.

Many incidences of crime arise from grudges that people hold against each other; consequently, individuals lay in wait for an opportunity to “settle” the score which sometimes leads to serious crimes such as murder(Robert et al. 342).

On the other hand, some negatives or punishments result from committing a crime since crimes are usually occurrence that is not accepted by most communities. After committing an offense especially for a beginner, there are pangs of guilt and conscience that seem to overwhelm the offenders of the crime.

Since society does not support crimes, the disapproval and condemnation that a crime offender receives once the onlookers are aware of the crime may affect him/her. I was once a victim of such speculation when at one point, I shoplifted while twelve years old.

Everyone’s parent thought I was terrible influence although their children also shoplifted several times but never got caught. However, it was unfortunate for me that I was found red handed and I can always remember the depression I went through because it seemed like everywhere I went people were pointing fingers at me. There are feelings of shame which are likely to develop because of the criminal act.

We will write a custom Essay on Consequences of Committing Crime specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Once an individual is a suspect of a criminal act, they are arrested and tested in the court of law which would determine whether the accused is guilty or not(Robert et al. 342). This has psychological torment or mental stress for the accused since society tends to keep off from criminals. Such people tend to develop negative attitudes toward life.

As a result, their whole perspective about life can change causing them to develop feelings of resentment towards other human beings which tends to make their criminal inclination worse as is the case with most criminals. In other cases, the victim may retaliate since not all perpetrators of crimes harm the victims they had intended to harm. For some reason, the victim may be more powerful than the criminal.

Crime is an act that exists in every society, and people’s different behavioral characteristics determine the degree of crime. There are various factors which are known to impact peoples behavior and as a result tend to incline them towards criminal activities; the economy, nurturing and police system to mention a few.

To reduce the crime rates in most cities and developing areas, people must be aware of these factors and embrace solutions to causes of adverse behavioral change in growing teenagers and young children.

Works Cited Gaines, Larry and Miller Roger. Criminal Justice in Action: The Core. Australia: Wardsworth, Cengage Learning, 2010. Web.

Robert, Lilly, Ball A. Richard and Cullen T. Francis. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences. California: Sage Publications, 2011. Web.

Tischler, Henry. Introduction to Sociology. Australia: Wards worth, Cengage Learning, 2010. Web.

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Chinese Luxury Brand Essay essay help free: essay help free

Over the years, the world’s appetite for luxury goods has grown at an encouraging rate. This has worked in favor of the various luxury brands that have grabbed the moment by increasing their production. Economic scientists suggest that luxury goods are income elastic and their demand therefore heavily relies on the change in income.

In any market, particular merchandise conquers a luxury class performance, quality and durability matched with other substitute products. Others are perceived as luxurious due to their role as status symbols in the social economic arena. They may not necessarily be of high quality performance style and appearance but they are highly priced as compared to their substitutes.

The global market has more than enough room for luxury products. It has accommodated these brands by maintaining a constant demand for the products that constitute its segment. There are several global luxury brands in the global market such as Louis Vuitton and Mercedes Benz.

These brands began with a sole local market and built their way into the global arena. The market has developed mechanisms that set a product into the global path. One such mechanism is endorsement. Members of a category of a product have specific organizations which are entrusted with the responsibility of evaluating the superiority or otherwise of a brand.

Once such a brand is endorsed it joins the competition. After endorsement the burden shifts to the proponents of the brand in as far as marketing and creating a consumer base. The company supporting the brand develops marketing strategies that propel the product in the sea of consumers.

China presents a great opportunity for luxury products. Sales in the Chinese luxury market have been on an upward trend standing at US$2billion by 2004 making China the world’s third largest consumer of luxury goods.

The market according Ernst

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Book Review of the Last of the Mohicans Report essay help online free: essay help online free

Table of Contents Religion

Conflict

Violence

Communication

Power

Interracial love and friendship

Changing idea of family

Heroism

References

The novel is set during the 3rd year of the French and the Indian war. There are hostile Indians who live in the forest which makes it a dangerous place to be in (Cooper, 1982, p 3). The Indians use the mountains, rivers, waterfall, rocks and caves to hide from the enemies. There are also ponds and a lake which they cross using canoes in order to move from one area to another. The forest has wild animals such as the wolves and deer. The wolves appear during the night to feed on the deer that have been killed by Indians.

By reading the novel there are various themes that emerge as follows:

Religion David Gamut has expressed his religious affiliation many times. He knows the insights of psalmody which is a popular practice of setting biblical teachings. He worships by singing the Old Testament psalms. When Gamut meets Heyward, Alice and Cora for the first time, he joins them in singing a religious song first sung in New England.

Another instances where religion is displayed is when Gamut in remembrance of his dead colt sings a sad religious song. He is joined by other women and they all sing religious songs to help him in mourning. After defeating the Huron’s, Hawkeye and Montcalm cite religious doctrines. Gamut sings psalmody beside a sick woman at the Huron camp when he had gone to rescue Alice. The Indians believe in healing herbs and evil spirits.

When Gamut wants to escape from the Huron camp after Alice’s capture, he constantly sings to prevent the Indians from attacking him.

Conflict The Fort in the novel is the main source of conflict.

The French and British are fighting over the Fort William Henry and the French have given the British some conditions. The French have promised that they will protect the British from the Indians if they allow them to take over the Fort. Indian tribes want to take Fort William Henry from the British. Whites and Indians are in constant conflict which has led to the warring battles among themselves.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Other instances of conflict in the novel are shown when Hawkeye shoots Magua as he runs away from them since he is an enemy. After defeating the Hurons, Hawkeye and Gamut disagree on the type of songs to sing.

Violence Mohicans kill Gamut’s colt when it’s noisy to avoid attracting attention from the enemies. They kill the colt dispose the body in the river. Gamut is wounded by rifles from the attacking Indians and they react by returning fire with Chingachgook. The two groups continue fighting and Heyward is wounded while Hawkeye kills an Indian with his rifle.

The fight is between Hawkeye, Mohicans and the Hurons. The Hurons are finally defeated. Chingachgook takes the initiative to scalp the dead Hurons. He kills a French sentinel and firing occurs between the British and French forces. The Indians emerge victorious as they attack and kill the British. They also drink their blood.

Communication There are different groups of people but they are able to understand each other through interactions among themselves. For instance Heyward translates Magua’s words to Alice and Cora telling them to be silent in the forest because of the Indian enemies hiding in the forest.

Power The novel also has a theme of power. This is shown when Hawkeye and Chingachgook are hunters who carry rifles as weapons. Their power is portrayed when they attack and defeat their enemies. Tamenund is more than 100 years old and his power is portrayed when the Hurons obey him when he calls for an assembly to convey his judgment. He is able to influence and control them. His words carry a lot of weight. He is revered by the people.

Interracial love and friendship The novel shows a lot of interracial love and friendship. French General Montcalm has allied with Indian tribes. Magua is an Indian scout who is loyal to the British General Webb. Uncas is attracted to Cora despite their different races. Hawkeye is a white man whose best friend Chingachgook is Mohican. As the Whites and Indians interact, some become friends while others become lovers. They have to tolerate and accept each other’s culture and way of life.

Changing idea of family As the story progresses, the people start viewing family and relationships differently. They shed off the constraints on the status quo. Uncas is attracted to Cora despite their racial differences. Hawkeye, Chingachgook, Uncas, Heyward, Gamut, Cora and Alice belong to different races yet they protect each other as if they are one family.

We will write a custom Report on Book Review of the Last of the Mohicans specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Heroism There are people in the novel who are great heroes and have accomplished a lot. Hawkeye and his group killed an Indian, defeated the Hurons and released the prisoners. There is a memorial site where Chingachgook and Hawkeye won a battle a long time ago which keeps the Indians away. Heyward returns Alice and Cora to the Fort in peace as they were able to capture them from their enemies.

References Cooper, J. (1982). The Last of the Mohicans. New York :Bantam Classics.

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Dynasties in China Essay online essay help

Manchu conquest of Ming Dynasty China The Manchus refer to a group of influential people originating from the Northern parts of China Known as Manchuria, and they were thought to be barbaric. This group of people had managed to conquer China and established a dynasty known as the Qing dynasty. It seemed strange that such a small population would conquer a large population like the Hans Chinese and as a result this humiliated the Hans Chinese. The Chinese kingdom was surmounted by one hundred and twenty thousand Manchus.

Their strong point was the fact that they had a military that was brilliant, disciplined, united as well as a well prepared military. The Manchus took advantage of the fact that the Ming dynasty was collapsing due to the rebellion taking place in the year 1644. They then resorted to collaborating with a Ming loyalist and gained entrance into Beijing in June and completed their conquest in 1673 (SACU 1).

The dynasty formed was known as the Qing dynasty and though it was coupled by a myriad of problems initially, it lasted for two and a half centuries. They however got support from the Chinese scholars officials as they approved the Confucian system of government. Their rulership was such that for every two officials, one was Chinese while the other one was Manchu.

Under the leadership of Qing Kangxi and his grandson Qianlong’s, China was successful economically and also experienced an increase in its population. Nevertheless, the economy declined in later years leading to a series of rebellions and consequently leading to the end of the Qing dynasty in the early twentieth century (SACU 1).

Tributary system in China The Tributary System refers to the conventional way that the Chinese managed their foreign relations. In this case they established rules and controlled the manner in which alien countries entered into foreign relations with China. The countries engaging with China in the tributary system were expected to be compliant in issues regarding politics, defence, economy and diplomacy with regards to China.

In order for alien countries to be given access of trading in China their rulers had to pay homage to the Chinese Emperor. Once the rulers of these foreign countries paid homage to the Emperor they were given gifts which included local, uncommon and valuable goods. The alien leaders would then gain a status and given a seal and products worth more than they had brought to China. Consequently, the alien leader could trade in China so long as this association was maintained (Fairbank

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Establishment of the rye grass Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help

One of the most remarkable features in most of the American homes is the lawn grass. A lot of efforts go into making and sustaining the lawn all year round. But most importantly knowing which grass grows fastest and in which region is vital for having a good lawn.

Thus it is important to know how each of the various types of grasses grows and the period of time it takes for them to germinate. Research has established that the rye grass is the fastest growing type of grass amongst those found in America. This type of grass is highly recommended for cool season periods.

This type of grass is popular because of its rich deep green color, which makes it very attractive especially on the lawn. The rye grass seed has the potential to germinate in less than three weeks of planting. It also grows at the same fast speed which means that it can make a mature lawn within the shortest period.

This also means that there is minimal waste of seed through surface wash away or rotting making it one of the most successful grasses to grow. There are two types of rye grasses: the annual rye grass which is rather slower in the rate of germination and growth, and the perennial rye grass which germinate faster than the annual rye grass

Rye grass seeds become well established in cool and moist conditions. The contact of the soils has to be increased for maximum effect. There are other factors that affect the establishment t of rye grass seeds.

They include Cultmulching as well as keeping the soils moisture sufficient. If the rye grass establishment has to reach maximum expectation. The level of competition for space and nutrients between the seeds as well as from other varieties of grasses has to be kept very low. Per acreage about 20 to 30 pounds of rye grass seeds has to be maintained.

To avoid over soaking and rotting of rye grass seeds have to be germinated in well drained loamy soils preferably in low lying plains. The best method of planting ryegrass is the broadcasting method. Broadcasting can be done using either hands or by machine. However machine broadcast is the most efficient.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rye grass is well established in fields or lawns that have been cultivated well before planting. Mechanical seeding does produce the best results. The bests seeding depths ranges from 1/4 to 3/4 inches deep, which mean that rye grass seed thrive on shallow seeding.

Because rye grass seed establishment is moisture sensitive, broadcasting method is used for soils with sufficient amount of moisture. For soils with limited moisture content, row seeding is used where wider rows are used. Where row method is used the results are less sufficient than when broadcasting is used (Ehlke and Undersander para 12).

While ryegrass is used in lawns well because of its deep rich green color, it can also be used as fodder. This is because of a number of factors. Studies in the recent past suggest that rye grass is one of the highest yielding types of grass when all conditions for establishment are observed. Per acreage, it has been found out that about rye grass yields about 1,430 pounds.

This means that if the grass is grown for lawn then the desired lawn thickness is achieved and if grown for fodder the desired volume is realized. To increase the quality if the ryegrass fodder, planters are encouraged to use nitrogenous fertilizers during broadcasting. Actually there is about a 50% difference in the volume of fodder realized from fields where nitrogenous fertilizers have been used and those where not.

It has also been found that the use of nitrogenous fertilizer increase the protein level in ryegrass fodder. When ryegrass is established with other types of grasses as fodder it generally increases its value as well as the quality (College of Agricultural and Life Sciences paras 5 – 8).

Furthermore, rye grass can be used to build the soils, reduce surface run off thus keeping erosion to a minimum, improving the organic content of the soil as well as keeping the level of nitrogen optimum (Rye Grass Cover Crop para 3).

Rye grass suffers for winterkill and as such it may need protection from such adverse effect as such needs protection by other crops. Even though mixing rye grass with other companion crops increases the completion during summer and spring, during winter, these crops acts as cover to protect rye grass (Ehlke and Undersander para 9).

We will write a custom Research Paper on Establishment of the rye grass specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Weeding is better done before seeding. The most effective method of weeding is chemical. However, due to the sensitivity of the chemical method often used, it always useful to get information on chemical weeding from any county agricultural office. Mechanical methods can be used, but are laborious and less effective.

The history of rye grass cultivation dates back to the 1930s. During this time a lot of vegetation was destroyed and as environmentalist suggested grass cultivation done as one of the methods of conservation. Thus extensive research yielded result that rye grass was one of the fastest growing grasses.

Early researchers who made significant contribution in rye grass research include The John Innes researchers, who made significant studies in the crop breeding including (Murphy 79).

In the 1950s a researcher by the name Schultz found out that when rye grass was cultivated with other types of grasses, it germinated and generated faster than the rest. Furthermore Schultz found out that the rye grass did well in altitudes of about 2500 above sea level. Such and other historical research work has led to the current knowledge on the cultivation of the rye (Barro and Conrad 4).

Works Cited Barro, Susan and Conrad, Susan. “Use of Ryegrass Seeding as an Emergency Revegetation Measure in Chaparral Ecosystems” 2011. Web.

College of Agricultural and Life Sciences . “Annual Ryegrass Trial Shows Limits, Promise (Research Brief #47).” 2011. Web.

Ehlke, Newton and Undersander, Dwight. “Cool-Season Grass Seed Production.” 2011. Web.

Murphy, Denis. Plant Breeding and Biotechnology: Societal Context and The Future Of Agriculture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2007. Print.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Establishment of the rye grass by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Rye Grass Cover Crop. “Annual Ryegrass and Cereal Rye.” 2011. Web.

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Social Facilitation Experiment with Examples from the Study essay help site:edu

Abstract Since social facilitation and drive theory postulate that audience enhances performances of easy tasks and complicates the performance complex task, the experiment examines conditions under which the performance is optimum.

To determine conditions for optimum performance, 10 university students participated in three experiments under three different experimental conditions, namely, no audience condition, audience condition and audience condition with competition.

The results reveal that optimum performance occurs in audience condition, followed by no audience condition and least performance in audience condition with competition. The results were not consistent with social facilitation and drive theory and thus further studies need to include more participants and consider confounding variables.

Introduction Psychologists and sociologists have established that social facilitation enhances performance of easy tasks and complicates performance of hard tasks. According to the drive theory, social facilitation is critical in determining the performance of tasks. The theory postulates that audience has both negative and positive influence on a person performing a given task, meaning that performance of tasks depends on the nature of the task and the effects of audience on the performer.

Sanna explains social facilitation from drive’s perspective saying that, “…the presence of others, as an audience or as co-actors, arouses a performer’s generalized drive, which increases the emission of dominant responses …when the dominant responses are correct, as on simple or well-learned tasks, performance would be improved in the presence of other” (1992, p.774). Therefore, audience and competitors increase the performance of simple and easy tasks while they decrease the performance of the hard and complex tasks.

Social facilitation theory originated from the work of Norman Triplett in 1890s when he observed children racing their bicycles and noted that fast racing occurred when there is competition. From this observation, Triplett realized that social facilitation is responsible for the fast racing of bicycles and went further to explore the phenomena by conducting more experiments.

In his experiment of children turning fishing reel, Triplett confirmed that competition and social facilitation are two factors that enhance performances of the children when doing simple tasks such as cycling and turning fish reel. “Triplett suggested that the sight or sound of another’s movement might strengthen the idea of movement and thereby increase energy and motivate greater effort.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More His notion of increased energy may have developed into what was later conceptualized as arousal” (Aiello

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Democracy and Its Types Research Paper essay help

Democracy is type of political administration in which the governing individuals of a country are voted in by the people (Dahl, 2003). The people have basically equal say when it comes to making the laws that govern their country.

In addition, democracy goes to the extent of allowing the society to overrule verdicts that have been passed by the legislative body. These verdicts may revolve around economy, social and cultural factors (Dahl, 2003).

For a nation to be termed as democratic, it should have fundamental civil liberties for all kinds of people residing in that nation, and distinction of authorities between the organizations of the country. These organizations are usually the judiciary, legislature and the executive.

A democratic government should also have liberty of expression; this means that all the individuals should be allowed to air their thoughts. Furthermore, it should put the interest of the society without favouritism first. At the appropriate age, the citizens should be allowed to choose their representative through a fair election.

Lastly, every citizen should be allowed to worship in whichever manner they wish as long as there will not be a conflict of interest. All these factors should be written down in a constitution of that particular state (Arendt, 1993).

Currently, there is proof of democracy in United States of America. From the 2008 elections, we realize that every citizen had an equal right to vote for their desired representative of the state. Apart from that, the elections were fair and free from fraud or any irregularities. In thee U.S constitution, there is a bill of right which ensures that every citizen is treated fairly by corporations or other fellow citizens (William, 1962).

There are various kinds of democracy. The three main types of democracy are: semi direct, direct, and indirect democracy. Other types of democratic systems stem from these three.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Direct democracy is a type of democracy in which the citizens contribute directly in the decision making processes of a nation. Besides, the citizens influence the executive, legislative and judicial powers of a country without the use of intermediaries. In the indirect democracy, ruling is done by the use of an elected body to act as their representative.

On the other hand, the semi direct democracy is a type of democracy which contains both the rudiments of direct and indirect democracy. A good example of semi direct democracy is deliberative; this is a type of democracy which combines both the direct and representative components (Arthur, 1996).

In indirect democracy, representatives are not chosen by the society but are haphazardly selected from the community. The best examples of indirect democracy are the representative and the parliamentary types of democracy. Representative is a type of democracy in which societies choose a body which makes implementations and decisions on behalf of the society. On the other hand, parliamentary democracy is the one which the country’s rulers are elected by the members of parliament (Arthur, 1996).

United States of America has a representative type of democracy; the state elects a body of people who represents the entire society in matters relating to their interests such as political, economical, culture and social (Dahl, 2003).

In conclusion, there are many other types of democracy not discussed here. They include cosmopolitan, religious, Supranational, Consensus, social and inclusive democracy. Democracy is not only political; it involves all factors that affect an individual in a nation (Dahl, 2003). Such other factors may be related to education, health and corporate governance.

References Arendt, H. L. (1993). What is Freedom? Between Past and Future: Eight Exercises in Political Thought. New York: Penguin.

Arthur, W. C. (1996). Liberisation and the problem of knowledge: A New Rhetoric for Modern Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Democracy and Its Types specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dahl, R. A. (2003). The Democracy Sourcebook. Chicago: MIT.

William, R. H. (1962). The Theory of Political Coalition. New York: Yale University press.

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Examination of the Portfolio Approach to IT Projects Report college application essay help: college application essay help

Introduction Information systems and processes have brought about major technological influence to most organizations. In present business environment, most products and services activities revolve around IT systems.Embracing project portfolio management serves as anintegral aspectfor most organization in succeeding its goals.

The importance of portfolio management is that, it promotes overall project progress, protects the projects during harsh economic times, and gives greater autonomy to organization’s executives in overseeing and locating redundancies, fixing resources and keeping an eye on project progress. This report will discuss the importance of portfolio project management. The reports will also explore the value and challenges of portfolio approach in managing IT projects.

Project Portfolio Management As it may sound, project portfolio management entails collecting and controlling thefacets of IT investments as a unit of connected tasks in a single place (Levine, 2005, p.48).

Besides providing a unified synopsis of all IT projects, portfolio makes it easier for organizations to understand their investments in terms of balance, size, risk involved and the projected payoff expected. When strategically executed, portfolio management surges IT value by divulging redundant or risky projects whereas uncovering how to sway resources from less valuable investment to value added projects.

To cushion value in the outcome of project success, portfolio embraces different level of management. One of the levels is often in practice is the consolidating all projects in a single database. This level involves putting projects names, projected project costs, estimated project timeframe and assigning members tasks to be performed (Levine, 2005, p.89). Although, collection of these information may be seem tiresome, in the long run, it adds impressive yields such in terms of identifying redundancies in the long run.

Consequently, prioritizing projects in a database ensures urgency is embraced. Projects in a database appear less distinct and symbiotic. Prioritizing projects in a database ensures effective risk analysis and simplifies management.

The value of a portfolio approach to managing IT projects The value of portfolio management has significant value to businesses which embraces the concept (Levine, 2005, p.97). Though, it is linked to several advantages such as linking organizations concepts and policies with vital work flows, project data and business practices, individual benefits are common. These benefits includes; opportunities, benefits and process improvement

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Opportunities Portfolio approach creates opportunities in an organization. It helps organization to manage IT projects effectively thus encouraging maximization of business output.

This is realized by closely reviewing the operational processes of the business in terms of cost reduction efficiency in service delivery levels, increased profits gains and quality of products. Thus, it simplifies the supervisory and management role of projects manager in resource allocation throughout the project cycle.

Besides, portfolio approach assist organizations to achieveorganizations requirements, improve marketing capability, determine and account for organizational operational costs. Finally, portfolio management enhances identification of potential areas to invest and diversify its resources after careful surveying the market niche’.

Benefits Portfolio management helps projectmanagers in ensuring that the resources and investments for projects satisfy business needs. In this case, the project managers establishes a standardized level of service which ensures that high profits are achieved, functions are well organized and the overall costs of the project is minimized.

Also, portfolio approach is beneficiary to both the customer and the service providers in numerous ways(Moore, 2009, p. 87). Such benefits comprises of; constant improvement in the overall performance and cost analysisand service levels.

Besides, portfolio management encourages integration of delivery procedures and Just-in-Time systems which aims at waste reduction. Further, it ensures that high service levels are met thus achieving theobjectives of a business organization. The other benefit is that, it acts as a communication and marketing channel for portfolio analysis and cost analysis hence, minimizes overall costs through business strategies such as joint ventures and service standardization.

Process Improvement According to Moore (2009, p. 123), the methods and tools anchored in portfolio management enable process improvement, standardization and visibility. This is very useful in enabling organizations to complete projects in time allocated. The use of a portfolio approach can enable IT specialists to objectively work on a more profitable project which pays relative returns to the organization.

We will write a custom Report on Examination of the Portfolio Approach to IT Projects specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It oversees that a given IT project is closely monitored and is in compliant with the set out missions and objectives of the project. The common approach of cancelling fully completed projects, which have consumed a lot of resources such as time and money, will be avoided. The portfolio approach enables the free up of IT resources, to carry out only beneficial and viable projects.

The challenges of a portfolio approach to managing IT projects

According to (Bonham, 2004, p.68), portfolio project management is embraced because of its suitability in planning and directing IT projects. However, like any other projects, IT managers face several challenges, some of the challenges includes; implementing portfolio management, short term and long goals,lack of proper legal backup, demand management,costs establishment and the project value(Bonham,2004,p. 87).

Implementing Portfolio Management System

One of the challenges in portfolio project management is executing the project management system. This is because; altering the culture existing in an organization that is anchored on ad hoc project management needs many efforts (Moore, 2009, p. 76). Sometimes, the organization can fail to implement, because they can feel uncomfortable with the change.

Besides, quantifying the benefits and disadvantages of the project can surge the returns on resources or investment of the organization, thus organization with less resources is hard hit (Bonham, 2004).

Short and Long Term Goals

An organization is faced with the challenge of whether the project being implemented will serve either short or long term goals. When an organizations deals with a project lasting a few weeks or months, it is viewed that implementing a portfolio management is not worthy because it will results in unplanned overheads. Organization views that portfolio management is worthy long term goals because it helps to underwrite efficiency in planning and thwarts possible risk that an organization could face.

Lack of Proper LegalBackup

A number of IT projects are managed by private sectors which lack efficient and elaborate mandate of sustainability. This often has resulted in informal decision-making processes by organizations. Informal decision-making processes have contributed to unsatisfactory final projects which lacks transparency and accountability(Bonham, 2004, p. 127).

Demand management

The unrelenting persistence and changing demands bestowed on organizations project teamshave contributed to portfolio inability to address key organization’s needs. Thus, the demand has exposed project teams’ diversified risk in their operations.

According to Moore (2009, p. 103)multi-tasking between tactical demand, operational demand and strategic demand against available assets, staff and budgets exposes the organization’s project team to higher magnitude of risks. Besides, theIT department undergoes an uphill task when trying to estimate the time and cost measures for a given project.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Examination of the Portfolio Approach to IT Projects by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Costs establishment Due to the complexity nature of IT projects. Accounting for the overall expenditure of a given project is complex. This is because several departments such as procurement, accounts, research and development, marketing and Human Resource are involved.

Determining the precise costs involved in the project is very difficult due to lack of transparency within the system (Moore, 2009, p. 87). An efficient transparent system, which shows the relationship between the levels of services and overall operational cost, should be in place.

Displaying the project value Determining the efficiency levels of the projects in relation to the technological value is also a problem. It is therefore challengingto establish whether IT personnel for new demands be outsourced or acquired in-house(Bonham, 2004, p. 112). For portfolio to provide standardized value, availability of a real-world operational data should be in place.

Conclusion Portfolio approach in project management helps simplify project processes and activities in organizations. Besides, it is vital for organization because, it helps inaligning project management practices in tandem with strategic organizations aims. This in turn leads to utilizing limited resources available in an organization.

However, smooth portfolio management cannot be successful without firm project documentation plan, accurate estimates of resources and information in relation to actual resources consumed.

This report has addressed portfolio project management in terms of what it means and benefits to an organization. The paper has identified that, opportunities, benefits and process improvement are merits associated with the approach. On the other hand, the paper has pointed out that; Implementing portfolio management system, short and long term goals and lack of proper legal backup among other factors are the challenges linked to portfolio project management.

Reference List Bonham, S., S., (2004).IT Project Portfolio Management, London, Artech House

Levine, H., A., (2005).Project Portfolio Management: A Practical Guide To Selecting Projects, Managing Portfolios, And Maximizing Benefits, New Jersey, John Wiley and Sons

Moore, S., (2009).Strategic Project Portfolio Management: Enabling a Productive Organization, New Jersey, John Wiley and Sons

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Concepts of Budget and Cash flow analysis Essay college essay help near me

Liability A liability are any claims against the assets of a business or financial organization, they are the obligations that the business has for or against the external stakeholders of the business which may be the shareholders, creditors to the business, suppliers and even the lenders (Swart, 2004).

A liability can also be defined as the legal obligations of an individual person or an organization and the obligation is derived from current or past actions of the person or organization that binds them to the external party legally. Liabilities therefore demands from compulsory transfer of assets or the demanded services at a future defined dates. Liabilities are majorly divided in to two that is current and long term liabilities (Tyson, 2009).

Current Liability

This is the future obligation that is payable within a duration of less than one financial period i.e. one year. They include: – accounts or trade payables, accrued rent and short term loans (Swart, 2004).

Pizza Piazza’s current liabilities include:- the monthly rent of the leased restaurant $3000 per month, 2 short term loans of $1500.00 credit card balance and $350 vendor balance.

Long-term liability

This on the other hand are legal obligations or claims that are payable in the long run which may even range up to a period of from one year to ten years. They include:- owners equity which is the companies obligation to its owners and long term loans (Custard, 1996).

Pizza Piazza’s long term liability includes:- the long term bank loan of $50000

Assets These are the economic resources that are owned by any form of business entity. They are generally of the use of value addition to the entity through the creation of more resources. They do this also by adding to the net worth of the entity that owns them (Hysell, 2007). They can be classified variedly as either current or fixed, liquid or illiquid or tangible and intangible assets. Assets include cash and receivables, Land and buildings and also equipment.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Current Assets

They are also called short-term assets and they can be converted into cash or an exchange done against them within one financial period that is a year. These types of assets are highly liquid and change form often from one to the other. They include cash and cash equivalents, receivables, prepayments and short-term investments (Swart, 2004).

Pizza Piazzas Current Assets are as follows: – the inventory that it maintains to produce Pizza as well as start-up cash.

Fixed Assets

These on the other hand are called capital or long-term assets. They include all forms of property, plant and equipment that are owned by the entity. They are illiquid and therefore don’t change form that easily (Custard, 1996). It’s the long-term assets that are used to run the day to day operations of a business to create more wealth to the owners. Fixed asset include:- land, buildings, machinery and even vehicles.

Pizza Piazzas fixed assets entails among others; the kitchen equipment and the three delivery vehicles.

The cash flow of Pizza Piazza would contain cash from the sales of pizza and other menu items as the operating activities. Cash outflows would result from monthly expenditure like rent, insurance and community expenditure, fuel for the vehicles and loan payments.

Reference List Custard, E. T. (1996). The complete book of colleges. Princeton: Princeton Books.

Hysell, S. G. (2007). American reference books annual. Houston: Adventures Works Press.

We will write a custom Essay on Concepts of Budget and Cash flow analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Swart, N. (2004). Personal Financial Management. New York: New York Book Stores.

Tyson, E. (2009). Personal Finance for Dummies. Chicago: Chcago Printing Press.

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Customer Service Needs Analytical Essay essay help: essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Burger King

Changes in the menu

Reasons for making changes

Conclusion

Reference List

Introduction The hospitality industry in the US particularly restaurants face many challenges in providing for customer service needs. Customers are continuously becoming more sophisticated and so are the kinds of services and products which they need (Jing

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Ottoman and Safavid Empire Compare and Contrast Essay essay help online: essay help online

Table of Contents Ottomans Empire

Safavid Empire

Conclusion

Reference

Ottomans Empire Ottoman Empire also popularly known as Turkish Empire rose into power after the weakening of the Byzantine Empire towards the early 1300 (Ottoman.com, 2010). This empire was founded towards the year 1299 and was lead by Osman 1 a member of emirates Gazi from whom the name ottoman was coined; Osman 1 was admired as a strong and courageous ruler (Ottoman.com, 2010).

To start with, the conquest of this empire was deeply established due to utilization of great innovations and skills of ottomans military men who had high discipline level that ensured commitment to protection of ottomans interest like securing key trade roots among others.

Additionally, this empire become more established into power due to the economical advancement which prevailed for a long time as a result of the empire conquering and taking over and dominating most of the trade routes between Europe and Asia.

The ideologies that led to retaining of power by ottomans Empire was also as a result of many people converting to the Muslim religion (Shapour, 2000). The state’s troops were mostly characterized by Muslim religion which became dominant and most people converted to this religion in a wave that was fueled by the ottomans empire whose mission was to convert the whole world into a Muslim religion.

Primarily, the ottomans state was in control of land titles and they gave right of ownership to land based on the ability to pay tax by the people, those who were close to the state and influential like the orthodox church were given bigger share of lands so that the state could control and manipulate them and thereby become more established in the process.

Generally, due to great ruler like Osman and Suleiman and also due to high number of descendants, the empire was strong and greatly dispersed with other members settling in neighboring countries like Hungary leading to the emperor becoming more dominant in both Turkey and Europe which is the reason that the empire was so successful.

Safavid Empire The Safavid Empire ruled between 1500 and 1722 and became one of the most dominant dynasties in Iran; during its reign, the empire established a greater Muslim religion in Persia hence characterizing the empire with Muslim religion (Shapour, 2000). The dynasty was further characterized by great innovations, economic development and artistic creativity of the fine art (Shapour, 2000).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Safavid empire became very dominant and maintained its authority due to their ability of linking power and religion; in fact this empire advocated the ideology that power was attached to religion which was the basis of the declaration that it made stating “safavid state would be twelver” which meant that, the only people who were justified to be rulers of the empire were only descendant cousins and in-laws of Muhammad (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

This doctrine became a popular religious belief because people believed that the empire leadership was secret knowledge from Muhammad to the heirs (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

The Safavid dynasty also became more established due to making of allies with other states like the Persia-Mughal force that gave enough military assistance that consequently strengthened and contributed to victory of Safavid Empire among its enemies in wars (Globalsecurity.org, 2011). Additionally, the Safavid Empire mostly relied on the slaves who were fully loyal to the it by even fighting its wars (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

The safavid dynasty was also characterized by a great bureaucratic system which inadvertently contributed to its success especially under the rule of Shah Abbas whose regime was responsible for distributing land ownership (Shapour, 2000).

Under this ruler, the empire gave land to the people who were loyal to the state while it also distributed people to reduce chances of them opposing the state; it also relocated people so that the empire could become a strong bureaucrat with centralized administration (Globalsecurity.org, 2011).

Conclusion Based on this analysis, it is quite clear that both empires were successful and dominant due to great contribution of the military, slaves and also due to religious ideologies which they advocated. Muslim religion was the common factor that contributed to the dominance of the two major empires in this case.

Reference Globalsecurity.org ( 2011). Safavid (1491–1722). Retrieved from https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/history-safavid.htm

We will write a custom Essay on Ottoman and Safavid Empire specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hooker, R.(1996). The ottomans. Web.

Ottoman.com, (2010). Ottomans empire. Retrieved from http://www.ottomanempire.com/

Shapour, G. (2000). History of Iran. Retrieved from http://www.iranchamber.com/history/safavids/safavids.php

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JetBlue Airway Companies Blogging Essay college essay help near me

JetBlue airway is one of the companies that are making use, and benefiting from the use of web 2.0 applications. There was a time this company set a 21-hour blogging when they were opening their new terminal 5 at JFK airport.

Their main theme was to keep continuous posts to inform the world about the happenings in the new terminal. This blog was to target both the customers and the employees from all over, to keep them updated.

That blog exists up to date as a way of connecting both the internal and the external customers, and at the same time to show this company has adopted the new technology (O`Reilly). By use of web 2.0, David Neelman, the CEO of JetBlue was able to come up with a personal blog for the advantage of the JetBlue airways.

After taking a flight in JetBlue, David collected data from the customers that he used to post in this blog. Through this, JetBlue was able to interact with its customers directly, and was a very successful exercise that attracted many customers to this airline and acted as a lesson to other companies.

Consumer participation, social engagement, and motivation are crucial aspects in JetBlue. Through Flickr, JetBlue shares its events such as thanksgiving parties online to keep their customers engaged in their every move.

The web 2.0 has helped JetBlue to share its experiences with customers, to make them participate through comments and feel as part of the company. This is a great way of motivating the customers to maintain the company loyalty (O`Reilly). Through online sharing, the customers and the employees of the company feel honored and appreciated.

Through the exclusive eBay stores, JetBlue has interacted with its treasured customers through the most comfortable way without interrupting their activities. JetBlue believes in making the best use of technology to reach new customers and to retain the old ones through participation and socializing with them.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through the applications of web 2.0, JetBlue has managed to maintain the customers’ loyalty even during the tough times. When customers realize the company is concerned about the services they receive, their level of motivation and loyalty to that company increases.

The customers determine the continuity of any business. The company cannot grow if it does not retain new customers as well as attracting more. Through their quality services, JetBlue manages to attract more and more customers as well as retaining the old ones (Doctorow 89).

Through different web 2.0 applications, customers have the freedom to make both positive and negative comments concerning the company services. The company also tries to market itself through these applications to attract more customers. JetBlue as well, conducts some events and parties to increase its fame through advertising its services.

Through these events, parties, advertisements on various media channels, and by use of web 2.0, JetBlue gathers many people to be part of their customers.

The consumer participation in any company brings some assurance to the company of customer retention. When customers participate and become involved in the happenings of the JetBlue services, the company gets a chance to know where to improve their services according to the desires of the customers (Howe).

JetBlue does outsourcing crowd through creation of open blogs for customers and other people to specify their likes, and for the company to get the desired people to work with. Through this, JetBlue manages to perfect its services to serve customers satisfactorily. When the company serves customers satisfactorily, a chance of attracting more customers is created, and the company becomes assured of growth.

When the customers grow the revenue of the company also grows making the company to benefit financially. The stronger the customers base of the company the better for the company. If the company can serve customers without them returning to the business, that is a sign of business downfall.

We will write a custom Essay on JetBlue Airway Companies Blogging specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More JetBlue airway is a successful company, whereby in some areas in United States, it has the greatest number of flights, and the largest load capacity. The charges of this airway are higher compared to other airlines, although it still attracts more customers due to its quality services.

To maintain its quality services, JetBlue ensures a regular turnover of its planes (Doctorow 87). The company has a policy of purchasing several new planes at the same time as a way of replacing the existing ones. The company believes in efficiency and comfort of new planes that are below fifteen years on air.

To maintain its policy, the company out of its high profits keeps on purchasing new planes for their customers. The company has benefitted from this policy through the effectiveness of the flights due to increased productivity.

On the other hand, purchasing of these planes at the same time, leads to a period when all of them will deserve repair and maintenance of the engine at the same time of the year. This becomes like a weakness as it causes some flight inconveniences. It is also expensive and time consuming for the company to do the maintenance of several planes at the same time.

It would be advisable if the company can purchase the planes one at a time, to create some intervals for maintenance. Through this, the company would be in a position to serve its customers effectively throughout the year.

Works Cited Doctorow, Cory. The Branding of Billy Bailey. San Francisco: Running Press, 2003.

Howe, Jeff. The Rise of Crowdsourcing. 2006. Web.

O`Reilly, Tim. What is Web 2.0. New York: O`Reilly Media, 2005. Web.

Not sure if you can write a paper on JetBlue Airway Companies Blogging by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More

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The Planet Jupiter Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help

The study of the universe and other heavenly bodies has been one of the main concerns of scientists since the ancient world. The solar system has a series of planets and Jupiter is one of them. This planet was first discovered by scientists during the ancient period and it was closely linked with religious and mythical believes of many societies.

For example, the Romans called it Jupiter, a term which referred to one of their gods. Among the heavenly bodies visible in the sky at night, Jupiter is the third brightest. However, Mars can also have the same level of brightness at certain intervals in its orbit.

Jupiter has an oblate spheroid shape because it rotates very fast. It is mainly composed of gaseous and liquid substances. In terms of size, it is the largest of all the planets and it is number five from the sun. “The diameter of Jupiter is 142984 kilometers and its density is 1.326 g/cm3” (Bova 125). The upper atmosphere of this planet is mainly made up of hydrogen which occupies ninety percent and helium nine percent.

The remaining one percent is occupied by small quantities of other gases like ammonia and water vapor. Silicon based compounds can also be found in the atmosphere. “Based on spectroscopy, Saturn is thought to be similar in composition to Jupiter, but the other gas giants Uranus and Neptune have relatively much less hydrogen and helium” (Bova 127).

The mass of Jupiter is two and a half times greater than the combined mass of all the remaining planets. The density of this planet is low despite its large size. “Jupiter’s volume is equal to 1,321 Earths, yet the planet is only 318 times as massive” (Cattermole 81). According to theoretical models, Jupiter would shrink if it had a greater mass than it has at present.

The heat generated in this planet is almost the same as the amount of solar radiation it gets from the sun. This process leads to the shrinking of the planet by approximately two centimeters annually. When this planet was formed, it was very hot and its diameter was double the current one.

Scientists believe that Jupiter has a dense core, which has several elements and it is also surrounded by a layer of gases “Rain-like droplets of helium and neon precipitate downward through this layer, depleting the abundance of these elements in the upper atmosphere” (Bova 201). A high temperature also builds toward the core of the planet. However, much is not known about the detailed structure of the core.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The formation of the core is believed to have taken place during the initial stages of the formation of Jupiter. The fact that Jupiter has a core was partially proved in 1997 through gravitational measurements. However, this fact has not been fully confirmed scientifically. “Jupiter is covered with clouds that have ammonia crystals and hydrosulfide” (Cattermole 159).

“Jupiter has a unique feature known the Great Red Spot, which is a persistent anti cyclonic storm located 22° south of the equator that is larger than the Earth” (Bova 267).

This feature has probably existed since 1665. Mathematical models indicate that this feature may permanently remain as part of Jupiter. This feature is very visible if one uses instruments such as telescopes to view it. The red sport is oval and rotates anticlockwise on Jupiter.

“In terms of rotation, Jupiter is the fastest in the solar system and within ten hours it can completely rotate within its axis” (Bova 128). The tilt of Jupiter is just 3.13° hence it does not have considerable changes in seasons. The sun and Jupiter are 778 million kilometers apart. Since Jupiter is not solid, it has equatorial and polar atmospheric rotations. The latter rotation lasts approximately longer than the former.

Even though some research has been done on Jupiter, more is still being done even today. Travelling from the earth to the other planets is very possible and many of such missions have successfully been conducted by scientists in the past. Galileo Galilei is one of the earliest scientists who did a lot of research on planets. For example, in 1973, the pioneer missions successfully got pictures of Jupiter.

The study of these planets has not been an easy task for the scientists and they have had to sacrifice a lot of their time and resources in order study them. Besides this, space exploration is a very dangerous adventure and many scientists have lost their lives in the process of moving to the planets.

Some of them even disappeared mysteriously and they have never been traced since they went for space exploration missions (Nickell 127). Nonetheless, space exploration has greatly contributed to scientific knowledge. With the introduction of sophisticated technology in space exploration, many scientists are now able to travel to various planets and most of them have had successful missions.

We will write a custom Essay on The Planet Jupiter specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Bova, Ben. Jupiter. New York: Wiley, 2000.

Cattermole, Peter. Earth and Other Planets: Geology and Space Research. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Nickell, Duane. Guidebook for the Scientific Traveler: Visiting Astronomy and Space Exploration Sites Across America. New York: Rutgers University Press, 2008.

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Ceramic Design and Its Use within the Broader Contemporary Context Essay college application essay help

Ceramic art has a very long history in almost all civilizations and cultures. Ceramic products were used not only as products of the daily usage, but were considered to be the products of a fine and decorative art. As a form of art, the ceramic products express intentions and thoughts of the authors, as well as reflect social and cultural changes.

Thus, each work of ceramics has particular context. These days, many designers, artists, craftsmen, or other practitioner in ceramics use ceramics to express their ideas and view. Ceramic design and creative practices are numerous and individual for each artist. Ceramic design can be analyzed through different critical perspectives and provide critical understanding of different values and approaches used by artists to embody their ides in different articles made from clay.

In this paper, we are going to provide the analysis of ceramic design within a range of contexts. In order to understand different points of view and values, we will analyze works and practices of three “subjects” (contemporary ceramists) that have put different contexts in their works.

The fists “subject” under consideration is a contemporary American ceramist Justin Novak. He could be located under tree headings in the Matrix: History (reference), Society (politics) and Belief (morality).

Three relevant sources justify the location of the artist in the sections of the Matrix. The first source is the article by Justin Novak “The Disfigurine” in which he provides the descriptions of his works, explains why he uses particular techniques and methods to convey the meanings of his works, as well as his point of view on the meaning of the contemporary art and its function.

The second source is the article in the magazine Ceramics Today in which we can find the information on the achievements of the artist, analysis of his works and statements by the artist in which he comments on the values of his creations.

The third source is the interview with Justin Novak about his first works the 21st Century Bunny in which he told about his political views, and commented the themes of his works.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, the works by the author refer to history. His firs work the 21st Century Bunny has a unique form and context. It is a series of ceramic bunnies with one eye and with guns in their paws.

The bunnies are trying to kill each other. Novak wrote about this work that it is about “the pathological and cyclical nature of violent behavior” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.). The main idea of the work is to express the “paranoid spirit” of contemporary world. Novak says that ““21c Bunny” is so terrified of being preyed upon that he has armed himself and turned himself into a predator.

In this sense, his story is a perfect allegory for America, post-9/11” (Valentina 2009, n. p.). From this passage we can see that the author makes allusions to the recent historic events, and images of the bunnies provide the interpretation of the moral destruction under the influence of the unjustified violence. This is how people felt themselves and behaved after the terrorist attack.

The author provides that people’s minds have changed after that event. He compares them with bunnies and explains people’s behavior through the interpretation, ““Bunny” is born as a fluffy warm-blooded innocent that means no harm to anyone, it is only the state of fear that causes his destructive behavior” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.).

The artist’s works are “at the intersection of art and design” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.). He tells that this approach helps him appeal to different dimensions of the modern society. His methodology is a mixture of both disciplines which allows him express the “mass appeal of design practice and the poetic inquiry of contemporary art culture” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.).

The reason why the artist choose working with clay is that he considers it “a natural medium for the transformation” (Valentina, 2009, n. p.) of his ideas and intentions in all three dimensions.

The style and design of the author were shaped under the influence of the baroque style, he comments that he was “utterly captivated by the golden era of European porcelain, in late baroque and rococo times” (Novak 2007, p. 109). The traditions of European porcelain became the inspiration for the author and he used simple techniques to express complex ideas in his works.

We will write a custom Essay on Ceramic Design and Its Use within the Broader Contemporary Context specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The magazine Ceramics Today provides a very in-depth interpretation of the works by Justin Novak:

His raku-fired expressive figurative sculpture navigates a fine line the between the tasteful and the grotesque, while subverting the historical genre of the figurine, e.g. with his ‘disfigurine’ series, in which physical wounds such as bruises and lacerations serve as metaphors for injury to self-esteem and other psychological harm. (“Ceramics Today”, n. d.).

Thus, the author explores sociological and psychological dimensions of the societies of the past and present. The works present the insight into the cultural values, codes of behavior and self-identity.

The second “subject” under consideration is an American ceramist Allan Rosenbaum. Using the Matrix, we can locate the artist under the headings that follow: Language (metaphor), Environment (urban and domestic), and Personal (personal memories and identity). Three relevant sources provide the insight into the artist’s creative techniques, themes and ideas. They explain why he prefers clay to any other materials and what influenced his art.

The fist source is the book by Judith S. Schwartz in which the author explores the differing values of research materials, and discusses artistic and social contexts of works of different ceramists.

In this book, we encounter the comment by Allan Rosenbaum on one of his works of the year 2002 named Flow which provides the interpretation of the artist’s attitude towards art and its function. The second source is the article in the magazine Ceramics Today in which the artist’s works and his point of view are provided. Finally, the third work is the study by Howard Risatti. The study explores the theory of craft, its function and aesthetic expression.

The author debates the assumption that craft (in which such materials as clay and fiber are used) cannot be considered sculptures and thus, cannot be the form of art. In order to support his idea, the author exemplifies the work by Allan Rosenbaum and claims that deep context and “emotional expressiveness” of his ceramics makes it a form of art.

Ceramic works by Allan Rosenbaum express the author’s interpretation of the contemporary world. They are creative, colorful and depict the objects from the daily life, such as books, bags, clothes, etc. The works are very detailed and the details used are often “incompatible”, his:

Not sure if you can write a paper on Ceramic Design and Its Use within the Broader Contemporary Context by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Whimsical figurative sculptures are influenced by funk, often featuring parts of the human body in conjunction with household items. Some are reminiscent of Surrealism, in particular the works of Renée Margritte. They are fired multiple times to achieve richly patinated surfaces (“Ceramics Today”, n. d.).

In his works, the author addresses the issues of history of art (in particular, hi is focusing on the Surrealistic tendencies) in order to provide the interpretation of the contemporary ceramic design and its role in art. Furthermore, his works are very intimate, as they refer to personal memories and question of self-identity. In this regard, the works by the author are very metaphoric.

They provide metaphors for the nature of human relations, social position of the individual and break the borders between reality and imagination. The author provides the following interpretation of his own works:

My works raises questions about the nature of human relationships, the need of security, our methods of communication and the search for identity. Of the system of thinking of different philosophies and mystics, I wanted to integrate thoughts and philosophical thesis into everyday life – to link them with everyday objects as “food for thought” without the barrier of awe; I invite the viewer to communicate, to reflect and to ruminate (Schwartz 2008, p. 167).

Indeed, the ceramic works by Allan Rosen provide the viewer with the “material” to think about. His art is aimed at addressing conflict emotions and thoughts. At first sight, his works are humoristic; however, if one delves into their context, they appear to be very serious, as address the feelings that are hidden deep inside the human consciousness.

The artist explores the environment. In particular, he is interested in urban environment and domestic interior. This can be observed in the work like Thinking Chair, 1998. It is a ceramic glaze depicting a chair with hands that holds a head turned upside down. The author provides a detailed explanation of his work and themes that he addresses in art in the following passage:

The sculptures I make weave together objects and images that are culled from personal memories, art history, domestic interiors and urban environments. By creating sculptures that are composed of combinations of familiar images, I hope to shed new light on the metaphorical possibilities of the figure and of the objects in our everyday world.

Through my work, I raise questions about the nature of human relationships, the need for security, our methods of communication the search for identity and the importance of community. My work negotiates a balance between the real and the imaginary – between our daily experiences and our dreams (“Ceramics Today” n. d.)

The author utilized “clay and sophisticated ceramic hand-building and glaze techniques” (Risatti 2007, p. 6) to create most of his works. As it has already been mentioned, the works are very creative and consider a “deep psychological overtone” (Risatti 2007, p. 6).

The next “subject” is a famous Tunisian studio potter Khaled Ben Slimane. His works and themes are analyzed in three sources. The first one provides a brief biography of the author and thus helps understand what issues influenced themes and ideas of his works. This source is the article retrieved from the site of The British Museum.

The second source is the overview of the author’s works provided by the Galerie el Marse in which we can find the critical interpretation of the author’s ceramics. The third source is taken from the magazine Ceramics Today, and it presents the author’s works and techniques.

In the matrix, the author can be located under the headings that follow: Society (culture), Belief (Spirituality) and Environment (Global).

Thus, Khaled Ben Slimane comes from the region of Nabeul where pottery-making was the leading craft which provided a basis for the author’s interest in ceramics. He traveled a lot around the world and his experience is reflected in his works.

As the author says, “as a ceramist, I realized that seven places have brought me to this art and have initiated me. It’s like being born seven times.” (“Khaled Ben Slimane”, n. d.). In his pottery, one can notice the motifs inspired by visiting such countries as Tunisia, Spain, Japan, and Iran.

Culture of these countries is reflected in his works through symbolic colors and paintings. In such way, the author addresses different societies and cultures, “Slimane’s works include pieces inspired by Islamic funerary architecture and also public sculptures and installations” (“Khaled Ben Slimane, ceramic plates (tabaq)” 1998, n. p.).

High spirituality can also be noticed, as the author strongly believed in power of traditions and importance to preserve national heritage, “a synthesis of East and West, his work has been inspired by the Arab-Muslim heritage and the ancestral know-how in pottery” (“Khaled Ben Slimane” n. d.).

He addressed the global environment, as he believed that the best traditions of ceramic design were lost, and he considered his responsibility to restore them and save for future generations.

The creative practice and techniques used by the author are worth an in-depth critical analysis. First of all, the colors used in his works have great symbolic meaning that “symbolizes the elements of earth, fire, air and water – with rough, bold, black brushstrokes formed into delicate spirals” (“Khaled Ben Slimane, ceramic plates (tabaq)” 1998, n. p.). Moreover, he uses repeated words to decorate his works.

These words are “Allah (God), er-Rouh (‘the soul’), Huwa (‘Him which evokes God’)” (“Khaled Ben Slimane, ceramic plates (tabaq)” 1998, n. p.). And thus, this fact supports the idea that Khaled Ben Slimane paid great attention to the spiritual development of the individual, and used his ceramics to transfer this idea to the viewer. The forms of his works (cube, cylinder, and cone) are also symbolic and they were inspired by Islamic “funerary architecture”.

Thus, ceramics is a special form of art that has its traditions and deep context. In this paper, we provided a critical analysis of the works by contemporary ceramists who addressed various dimensions of the contemporary society.

Different critical perspectives on the ceramic design provide a possibility to understand the design methodologies and techniques used by authors to express their ideas and points of view on the modern society and its development. Thus, three artist under consideration represented different values in their works. They addressed different dimensions of history, society, art and environment.

They used various techniques to express particular themes related to the problems which they considered important, such as morality, violence, spirituality, self-identification, human relations and importance to protect national and cultural traditions. We can come to a conclusion that ceramics, s a form of art, is a strong means of communication of the author with the viewer, and a “tool” to influence the individual’s vision of the better world.

List of References Allan Rosenbaum, Ceramics Today. Web.

Justin Novak, Ceramics Today. Web.

Khaled Ben Slimane, Galerie el Marsa. Web.

Khaled Ben Slimane, Ceramic Plates (tabaq), 1998, The British Museum. Web.

Khaled Ben Slimane, Ceramics Today. Web.

Novak, J. 2007, “The disfigurine” in The Figure in Clay: Contemporary Sculpting Techniques by Master Artists, ed. Lark Books, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., New York.

Risatti, H. 2007, A Theory of Craft: Function and Aesthetic Expression. The University of North California Press, Chapel Hill.

Schwartz, J. S. 2008, Confrontational Ceramics: The Artist as Social Critic. University of Pennsylvania Press, London.

Valentina, V. 2009, “Interview: Justin Novak”. Who killed Bambi? Web.

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The meaning of freedom today Analytical Essay essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Personal freedom

Sartre’s existentialist definition of freedom

Equality and independence

Karl Marx on freedom

The practice of freedom

Michael Foucault on freedom

Conclusion

Introduction In the contemporary society, people consider freedom a basic need in that person who is not free must be in a rough co-existence with him and others. It is therefore very important to exalt freedom, which begins with personal liberty to the sovereignty of nations.

The extent to which a person can be free as well as the exact definition of freedom has been subjected to philosophical discourses from time immemorial with renowned philosophers such as Karl Marx, Michael Foucault and Jean Paul Sartre having differing arguments in the matter. According to the school of thought that each one of them represented, the idea of freedom to them bears differing definitions and extends.

In order to come up with an agreeable and logical definition of freedom as it is in the contemporary society, people have critically analyzed the input of these philosophers and their definition of freedom in this paper with the intention of clearly understanding what freedom is according to the schools of thought they represent today.

As I reveal, the exact meaning of freedom must comprise of the different aspects such as personal liberty, the right to life, equality and independence from coercion and repressive conditions such as poverty, ignorance and diseases. Any meaning of freedom is wanting if it does not address the issue of personal liberty.

Personal freedom Freedom starts with a sense of self-control or rather self-ownership. In this case, reason influences the person’s sense of freedom. In a free state, every person receives an equal chance of exercising freedom at personal level. In this case, no other person influences another’s decisions and the extent to which he/she makes decisions remains strictly limited by him/her.

This is in other words to say that in a free state a person’s freedom is not limited as long as it does not impact negatively or limit the freedom of the other people. For instance, a person’s freedom cannot include enslaving other people. As a slave, a person is not free to make certain decisions, movements and interactions with other people in the society.

In a free state therefore, a person is not entitle to take the freedom of another person for personal interests since it is against their wish to be treated so. My fellow panelist Sartre concurs with my view of freedom despite his limited definition of the freedom.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sartre’s existentialist definition of freedom According to Jean Paul Sartre, man is condemned to be free. This is without regard to whether he acts from external constraints to repress it or just follows his pragmatic decisions.

A person is free when s/he refuses to act in bad faith and instead follow what he is. For instance, when the waiter who knows really well that he is impersonating a waiter stops that and instead does what his freedom grants, he is at that particular moment embracing freedom.

By being a waiter, the person is only denying his or her own freedom. According to existentialism, one cannot claim that external forces shape his/her deeds or actions. For instance, the profession of a person cannot shape the person’s identity considering that the roles played in that profession are only as a matter of bad faith and will eventually cease.

Being aware of one’s significance in the process of doing the roles in the profession inform the choices that a person makes and that seem directed to the person’s sense of freedom. However, I stand to criticize his definition based on how limited it appears.

Sartre, as well as other existentialists, concentrates more on the intrinsic definition of self-freedom rather than giving a definition and an extent to freedom that one can put into practice in the contemporary society. He does not clarify whether a person is free or not clearly defined in that existentialists hold that in every situation a person has still the freedom of choice.

Having the freedom of choice is not that important and does not qualify as being the absolute meaning of being free. This is basically for the simple reason that even a person who is enslaved by another has the freedom to choose either to rebel or to show complicity but that does not mean that they are free.

In the contemporary society, a person is only free if any other person or condition can implement his /her thoughts and choices without any repression. The issue of equality of freedom constitutes the meaning of freedom.

We will write a custom Essay on The meaning of freedom today specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Equality and independence Equality is very essential in any situation for a person to be free in the contemporary society. This ranges from political, sexual, racial as well as religious equality.

For people to consider another as free in a free state, he/she must go through an equal treatment with others regardless of their gender or any other affiliations. When a person is marginalized on the any of the above areas, their freedom is interfered with and eventually the person is deprived the necessity of being free.

With equality comes independence in making decisions as well as living without any coercion from anyone. This implies that the different types of independence that Karl Marx and others who embrace the Marxist school of thought argued mostly about.

Karl Marx on freedom Karl Marx in his Manifesto of the communist party conceptualizes freedom from an economic point of view. Marx conceptualizes freedom from an individualistic point of view whereby he argues that freedom is an individual’s collective use of reason to create a reconciled definition of personal and public freedom.

From this, Marx argues that a person who exercises freedom at the expense of the masses abuses it since the freedom of the majority is the one that matters. For instance, a person who owns means of production and abuses his employees for the sake of enriching himself and expanding his financial freedom by enriching himself is infringing the freedom of the others.

It is therefore clear from his arguments that Marx’s view of freedom is more informed by the social relations of people in the society. He argues that for a state to be termed as free there has to be a revolution whereby the proletariat overpower the bourgeoisie and own the means of production.

In that case, the majority would be free in that they will be in a position to cope with life without the fear of being oppressed by a powerful ruling class. However, I stand to criticize the view based on its one-sidedness.

Marx’s idea of the masses overpowering the ruling class, as a necessary precondition for their freedom, is one sided and has failed to hold on for a long time. This stands out because he fails to address other important aspects such as equality, the addressing of human rights and the dealing with other factors that lead to the oppression of people.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The meaning of freedom today by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More His address however on the issue of economic oppression holds until today as evidenced by workers rising up against their oppressive employers in the contemporary society and demanding for a fair exchange for their labor. This is because a person’s freedom seems abused if he/she faces oppression in any given situation.

The practice of freedom The fact that in order to be completely free one must keenly be aware of the limits of his/her freedom is a very important factor to consider when defining freedom in the society today.

This is in the sense that other people’s freedom is as important as your freedom. A question arises as to whether a person has or should have the right to defend him/herself against coercion. This brings forth a quite interesting aspect of freedom regarded as the freedom of defense.

In most Free states where freedom of people seems held with dignity, always a system acts to differentiate acts of coercion as either offensive or defensive. In this case, whether a person acted in an effort to defend him/herself or was interfering with another’s rights is established. Foucault’s meaning today’s of freedom is wanting based on its failure to explain how one can free him/herself.

Michael Foucault on freedom According to Michael Foucault, being free is a practice of the different practices of freedom. To him it is therefore a continuous process. Foucault emphasizes more on the practices of freedom over the process of liberation. He argues that it the practices of freedom that eventually upholds freedom rather than the process of liberation.

For instance, he uses the example of a colonized nation, which liberates itself from the colonizers. The society would still be in need of practices of freedom as they engage in building their own government.

One can clearly notice that Foucault’s works are in a way, skeptical about the extent to which people can free themselves. If people cannot stand out of the constraints of relations of power, knowledge and subjectivity, then to him their practices of freedom are simply on a small notion of resistance from within.

Conclusion In order to answer the question of what one exactly means by ‘being free’ in the contemporary society, it is of great essence to be all-round while addressing the aspects of freedom.

The problem with the definitions and the answers that philosophers Karl Marx, Michael Foucault and Jean Paul Sartre presents is that they are in most cases one sided whereby they all aimed at addressing a single aspect within the complex issue of freedom. Therefore, it is arguable that one can summon their arguments to contribute to the broad definition of today’s freedom.

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The Oedipus’ Fate Essay essay help: essay help

Oedipus’ life was a series of tragedies from birth to the point of blindness. This tragedies can be assumed to stem out of the fact that Oedipus ’ was an individual with a strong character which made him want to know the truth and as a result the tragedies befall him out of free will.

However, Oedipus was already doomed to succumb to the fate which was foretold long before his birth via the oracle which was at Delphi. From the time the oracle predicts this to Oedipus’ parents Jocasta and Laios, they immediately take action to ensure that the oracle is not fulfilled. Little do they know that the fate of Oedipus’ will come to occur in their lives which would be a series of tragedies that blindly lead them to believe that the oracle would not be fulfilled.

From an initial reading, most readers assume that the tragedies that befall Oedipus and his family are mere actions of free will by both Oedipus, his parents and the shepherd but it is actually the fate that was already predicted by the oracle which leads to all the tragedies that Oedipus goes through in the entire play. The essay thus intends to show that it was due to fate that the tragedies befell Oedipus rather than free will as it appears.

Oedipus’ parents try to avoid the fate that the oracle predicts concerning Oedipus. They send the shepherd to get rid of the child by leaving the child in the jungle so that he might die due to exposure but instead the shepherd does not leave Oedipus to die, rather, he takes him to his home country and Oedipus is left under the care of the queen and king of Corinth.

“Come, then, say, on. Rememberest thou a boy Thou gav`st me once, that I might rear him up As mine own child?” (Sophocles 1168)This causes Oedipus to believe that the queen and king of Corinth are his real parents which causes him to flee from them to escape the fulfillment of the oracle but finally this belief acts a catalyst for the fulfillment of the oracle and Oedipus and his parents (Jocatsa) are forced to come to the realization that they could not control fate.

Fate also plays a tricky game on Oedipus when in his attempts to discover the person responsible for the death of Laios; he comes to know that it was actually him who killed his own father.

Oedipus met with his father and killed him believing that it was a group of bandits while in actual senses it was his father. His quest to discover what happened to the king Laios leads him to his predetermined fate, ‘Tis enough”.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Oedipus replies, I cannot yield my right to know the truth” Oedipus finds it difficult to restrain himself from looking for the truth even though he has already been warned that the truth might lead to disaster on his part. “Whom did he speak of? Care not thou for it, But wish his words may be but idle tales.” (Sophocles 1176).

Jocasta tries to steer away Oedipus from venturing into asking more questions because she had already deciphered the end of the story. Had he listened to what he was told instead of being stubborn then maybe the fate would not have been completely fulfilled.

It so happens that the priest who is currently in Apollo is blind and Oedipus mocks him by telling him that he can never be blind but fate has it that he would be the one responsible for gouging out his eyes leading to blindness. “Woe! woe! woe! woe! all cometh clear at last.

O light, may I ne`er look on thee again, Who now am seen owing my birth to those To whom I ought not, and with whom I ought not In wedlock living, whom I ought not slaying.” (Sophocles 1200).

At this point Oedipus prefers that he would rather be blind so that he would no longer look upon the evils of the world and those that he had already done. Fate had it therefore that he should become blind despite the fact that he had been mocking the priest

In Oedipus the king, Sophocles raises various questions about fate, should individuals be concerned in knowing their fate instead of living their lives freely or after knowing ones fate, which action is best to take. To ignore fate and live life, or to try as much as possible to control and evade fate.

Oedipus and his parents know their fate and try as much as possible to control this fate but all their actions lead them to the fulfillment of the oracle. Thus, it can be concluded that had Jocasta and Liaos lived their lives without seeking to know their fate then they would have lived happily and the same applies to Oedipus.

We will write a custom Essay on The Oedipus’ Fate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Work Cited Sophocles. Oedipus the King. E.d Cavender, Kenneth. San Francisco: Chandler Pub. Co, 1961.

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Financial Ratio Analysis Essay essay help free

Table of Contents Current ratio = Current assets/ Current liabilities

Sales revenue

Cost of sales

Reference List

Ratio analysis is of great importance when it comes to the assessment of the financial position and health of any business enterprise. It may be a tedious activity but once results have been obtained from the computation, interpretation is fast and easy.

Ratios can therefore be used by potential investors, creditors, and money lending institutions such as banks as well as the company management to judge how the company is progressing (Jan et al, 2008, p. 266).

Ratios work by comparing two or more items on any of the prepared financial statements of a company such as the balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement and many others (McManus, 2009, p.1). Ratios are grouped into different classes depending on their final use.

These classes include: liquidity ratios which give an indication of whether the company is able to meet its liabilities in the short run. Profitability ratios are used to determine whether the enterprise has the ability to handle its expenses and make profit in return to the resources it has put into the enterprise (Houston and Brigham, 2009, p. 90).

The list of the type of ratios that can be calculated from any financial statement is endless since almost all items on these financial statements have some degree of correlation. The information obtained from financial ratios analysis, other than giving an impression of how the company is fairing on, it can be used by external bodies to determine the credit worthiness of the company

A common example of a liquidity ratio is the current ratio which compares the liquid assets of a company to the non-fixed or current liabilities. It is therefore calculated as follows:

Current ratio = Current assets/ Current liabilities This ratio is very important as it shows the company’s potential to pay for its short term liabilities. Any creditor to the company will have to look at this ratio so as to depict the credit worthiness of the company in the short-term which will depict its ability to pay the long-term as well.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second ratio is the Return on capital employed (ROCE) which is a profitability ratio. This ratio as the name suggests shows the correlation between the operating profits that has been generated during a certain trading period from the average long-term capital that has been invested in the company. In other words it shows what the company has managed to reap from the resources that it has invested for a certain period of time. It is calculated as follows:

ROCE= Net profit prior taxation and interest x 100

Share capital long-term loans Reserves

This ratio is of great significance to the investors as they are able to predict how their investments are bound to fair in the targeted company.

Another common profitability ratio is the Gross profit margin which depicts the relationship of the sales of the company and the generated gross profit. It is therefore calculated as: Gross profit x 100

Sales revenue This ratio shows how profitable the company is and is therefore used by money lending institutions such as banks as well as investors before making the decision of entering into financial transactions with the company (Jan et al, 2008, p. 266).

Last but not least is an example of efficiency ratios that show how the company makes use of the resources it has. This is the Average inventories turnover period calculated as: Average inventories held x 365

We will write a custom Essay on Financial Ratio Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cost of sales This ratio is used to determine the average number of days that the company is holding inventories. Again the investors and banking institutions use this ratio as a gauge of the company’s progress.

From the aforementioned examples of ratios, it can be deduced that ratio analysis is an important process of the business enterprise as it provides information to external users such as banks, creditors and investors in addition to assisting in the management of the enterprise or company (McManus, 2009, p.1).

Reference List Houston, F. And Brigham, E. (2009). Fundamentals of Financial Management. [Cincinnati, Ohio]: South-Western College Pub.

Jan, W. Haka, S. Bettner, M. And Carcello, J. (2008). Financial

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Definition of the Religion as a Form of Diversity Essay college application essay help: college application essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Religion as a Form of Diversity

Conclusion

Introduction Religions are sets of personal or community institutionalized system of attitudes, principles, beliefs, convections and practices in adoring faith.Religion diversity has taken forefront focus since the history of world’s major modern religions and traditional beliefs. In today’s world of politics, democracy and increased globalization, religions has taken a contentious agenda in many countries and communities.

World religions are numerous and different in beliefs and convections. However, according to theological principles, religion diversity is rampant in modern societies. Religious leaders and sociologies often ask questions on whether there is a popular religion. The major idea is the fact that religious diversity challenges the prospects for religion understanding.

This easy tries to evaluate whether religion should or can be considered as a form of diversity. Particularly, the idea revolves on how religion can change things in the society. If it is capable of changing, is it for better or for worse?

Religion as a Form of Diversity Religion is a practice of exhibiting the true relationship between man and his creator, provider and protector. Usually, religion is way of life or traditional convection towards God and plays a crucial part or role in lives of most humankind population. Religion and religion diversity are expressed by believers to cause strong opinions and emotions in all environments.

Religion diversity can simply refer to the development of religions that depend on the cultures. In modern societies, religion and its diversity is attached to public institutions. Public institution may include the government, political parties, and family institutions. In addition, schools and public health centers are also associated with religion and its diversity.

Many constitutions around the globe guarantee freedom of religious or faith of choice. All parts of the worlds including Europe and America are serious religious faith seekers. The major religion beliefs in the world are the Judaism, Christianity and Islamic. These beliefs are widely spread in all corners of the planet. Most interestingly, these religion beliefs have regions that are dominated by a particular religion.

In America and Europe, Christianity influences conduct more that it does to other continent and countries. Islamic religion in Middle East influences more that any other religion. According to studies done in most parts of world, people believe in God, practice religion and consider religion as a single most factor to growth in their lives. All countries practices nearly all religions found in the world.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Christianity records the highest level of diversity in many countries. Christianity is divided into Roman Christians and the Protestants. Protestants are diverse to grow major other religions such as, seventh day, Jehovah witness, gospel followers, Unitarians, Mormons, Christian scientists and others.

Other Christianity diversification includes the Catholics, Anglicans, Jews, Presbyterians, Quakers, and Calvinists among many others. This diversity has increased rapidly over decades that have made countries to recognize freedom in faith in constitutions and other rule of laws.

History reveals that religions diversity runs countries at a risk of divisions. One historical event recorded is the Americanization event. During Americanization time, Catholics immigrants fought at Protestants and other denominations were forced to migrate to other countries.

In the ancient empires, rulers were well supported by majority religion, which meant to sabotage growth of other less popular religions. In this regard, religion has provided some commonality to purpose. Important aspect in religion diversity is their role to dividing and unifying populations.

Dramatic political or social growing diversity related to religions may lead to drastic shift in country’s masterpiece towards conflicts. Similarly, the prevalence of religion may prompt tolerance and commitment in facilitating religion maneuvers on some country’s vital issues and fight for respect to fellow religion diversities. Therefore, religion should be considered as a form of diversity.

To make things change in a country, region diversity depends on two factors. One is the organization either public or private, and how denominations or churches are organized. Secondly is the divergence in beliefs, practices and rituals in their religion organizations.

Conclusion Religion as a form of diversity is one with difficulties. Today’s world is making religion diversities be more visible than how they were in the past decades or olden days. In addition, the diversity has raised concerns over reactions towards countries economic or social policies and other related individuals practices.

We will write a custom Essay on Definition of the Religion as a Form of Diversity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The role of religion is commonality to citizens and uniformity in cultures. Diversity in faiths will can results to divisions and conflicts. Therefore, religions can be considered as form of diversity. Besides, its diversity can change a country from good to worse.

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Discount Pricing Strategy Essay essay help free: essay help free

I am writing to describe an idea about a new discount pricing strategy which can be applied in our deli and bakery as a way of increasing sales.

We sell food-products including gourmet jams and organic raw honey all ranging from $8.00 and $18.00. After a good consideration of our prices and products, an introduction of a discount strategy can boost our sales greatly. The discount pricing strategy is on the basis of the more you buy the more discount you are allowed.

Thus a 10 percent discount will be allowed for a receipt totaling to $ 30.00, 12 percent discount for a receipt with a total between $31.00 and $40.00, and a 15 percent discount for a receipt totaling to $41.00 and above (Jin Li, 1999).

The customer who will receive the highest discount in a week will be awarded with a free lunch. The total in the receipt to receive discount excludes amounts from gourmet jams and organic raw honey.

This will encourage more sales for the shop with its modern yet very classic, and prompt service. This will not imply increased sales for any specific products. This is because this discount pricing strategy accommodates all the shop’s products. It does not also discriminate customers on basis of their preferences.

Thus it will not push away customers as whatever food-products they buy can lead to a discount. The increasing discount rate will encourage customers to buy more from the shop as the more they buy the higher the discount (Watkins, and Media, 2011).

The business will compensate for displaced sales through increased prices of gourmet jams and organic raw honey. The prices of these products will be increased by 2 percent on the initial price. The sale of gourmet jams and organic raw honey will increase due to increased number of customers for food-products.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus with their increased prices and sales, higher profits will be realized from them. The shop will also get compensation from increased sales which will lead to economics of scale. The more sales which will be made will imply increased production which will imply decreasing marginal cost (Shah, et al. 2005). Thus the cost of producing a food-product will be relatively low.

This means that even with the shop offering discounts, it will still be making little profits from food-products that discount is allowed on. The shop will as get compensation on sales made on receipts with totals below $30.00. This is because there no discount allowed on these receipts.

The discount pricing strategy will stimulate sales in the shop. This is because it is on the basis of the more you buy the more discount you will be allowed (Waters, 2011). Thus customers will try to maximize their buying so that they are allowed higher discounts.

The discount pricing strategy will also encourage groups or families to buy food-products using one receipt so as they receive higher discount. This will mean increased number of customers in the shop. The discount pricing strategy will also lead to a competition between customers on who will have the highest allowed discount in a week.

This is because the one with the highest allowed discount in any given week will receive free lunch. This will thus imply more sales as customers try to win the lunch. This competition will also aid in keeping customers as well as attracting new ones (Watkins, and Media, 2011).

The discount pricing strategy does not lower prices of specific food –products thus does not create the impression of low quality products among customers. This implies that no customers will be going for products form competitors rather the shop will attract new customers. The discount pricing strategy will thus increase the sales in the shop.

References Jin Li, F. (1999). How to Use Discount Pricing Strategies for Best Results. Web.

We will write a custom Essay on Discount Pricing Strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Shah, N. et al. (2005). Price Discount Strategies: A Review. Web.

Waters, S. (2011). Retail Pricing Strategies. Web.

Watkins, D.

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Stonyfield Café, Bayfront Center, Long Island Catering Halls Websites Analytical Essay custom essay help

In findings published by Summers (n.d), 89 percent of all restaurant patrons (in the US) “researched a restaurant online prior to visiting” it. Majority of the respondents featured in the survey argued that they can anticipate the experience they will have with a hospitality service provider, just by surfing the service provider’s website.

Stonyfield Café’s website Stonyfield Café is a fast-food chain restaurant in Maine, New England. A small business, Stonyfield Café has found a niche selling organic foods to its customers.

Looking through its website, one gets the impression that the chain restaurant has spared no effort in designing a user-friendly website, whose content is assured by the detailed information provided therein.

The Restaurant has done well in listing ‘all’ its menus in the website. The pricing of all dishes has also been indicated in the ‘dining menu’ section, which is accessible via the menus webpage.

One weakness in the ‘Stonyfield Café’ website that emerged in the course of writing this review is that the menus are not as informative as one would like them. For instance, while this author was certain that he had seen the operation hours listed in one of the web pages, attempts to ascertain the information later only led to going from one page to the other without much success.

Logically, one would expect the information about the café’s operation hours to be listed in the ‘About Us’ webpage. Unfortunately, this is not the case in the Stonyfield café website. One also gets the impression that the website is not direct in its communication to the customer.

For example, the webpage that contains information relating to the café’s social corporate responsibility is named ‘community’. The contacts webpage on the other hand is marked by the words ‘Find Us’. To the non-discerning customer who understands unambiguous communication, the Stonyfield café website would be hard to understand.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is no information regarding the entertainment options in the Stonyfield Café website. However, the website content stresses the importance of organic foods hence giving the impression that people who eat in the restaurant are health conscious.

As Spang (2000) wrote, restaurants confer status to their customers, and the health conscious Americans would no doubt want to be associated with a restaurant like Storyfield Café.

Overall, the Storyfield café website is user-friendly, and seems to have been designed with a specific target in mind.

Recommendations

Re-naming the WebPages to make them unambiguous is one of the recommended actions that the café should consider doing. Additionally, the Café needs to consider improving its ‘About Us’ webpage. As Eisenberg (2006) aptly puts it, such a page gives the website owner a chance to communicate to the customer and cement a long-term relationship with him or her.

Bayfront Convention Center Website Bayfront Convention Center’s website has an easy to investigate menu. The ‘About Us’ page contains information about the convention center, which includes the location and the services offered. The prices for the services offered are laid out in the ‘Schedule’ webpage, while the contact information and the location details are give n in the ‘About Us’ page.

No entertainment options are given, although one can access different attractions on the ‘Eerie attractions’ webpage. The website does not state the convention center’s hours of operation, but anyone willing to confirm this may make a direct call using the phone number provided in the ‘About Us’ page.

A notable weakness in the website is the rather blank-looking home page.

We will write a custom Essay on Stonyfield Café, Bayfront Center, Long Island Catering Halls Websites specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Recommendations

Bayfront Convention center needs to improve the home page since it does not make much of an impression to a first time visitor. Developing content for the page would be an advisable thing to do.

Long Island Catering Halls The Long Island Catering Halls website is a rather detailed, but congested website. On accessing the website, one gets the impression that it is more of a marketing tool, than an information-providing channel for the customer.

Navigating the website is easy, since all menus are well-labeled. However, the website has given much emphasis to the marketing-related menus, hence relegating some of the menus that may interest the costumer to less prominent positions on the website.

For instance, the ‘About Us’ page is located at the bottom of the landing page, while ‘Promotion

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The Ten Most Influential First Ladies Expository Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

A First lady being the wife of a president has roles to carry out in a nation. Depending on her interests she has the right to choose what she would like to be involved with in her husband’s leadership.

In the United States there have been first ladies and their popularity depended on the roles they have played in the nation. Most of them have used their position to put an impact in the society. This paper will look at the top ten influential first ladies in the United States and their impact in the nation.

Hillary Clinton is one of the influential first ladies. She was born in1947 and got married to Bill Clinton in 1975. She had interest in implementation of policies especially in health care section and she worked fully towards her interest. She fought for women and children welfare.

She became a junior senator after his husbands’ term. In 2008 she ran for the presidency but later stepped down and supported Barrack Obama. She is now the secretary of state. Michelle Robinson is a first lady and the wife of the current president of United States. She is known for her love to all people and has shown interest in assisting working and military families.

Rosalynn Carter is another influential first lady who was born in 1927and got married to Jimmy Carter in 1946. She is known for participating in many cabinet meetings and always stood for mental health issues. Betty Ford was the wife of Gerald Ford. She emphasized on equal rights amendment and legalization of abortion.

She openly spoke out her personal experiences on breast cancer and how she went through the treatment. She involved her self in creating awareness on breast cancer. Eleanor Roosevelt was the wife of Franklin Roosevelt. She was influential and inspiring. She emphasized on education to all.

Another influential first lady was Jacqueline Kennedy who was born in 1929. She was the wife of John Kennedy. She was associated with fashion and dignity.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Abigail Fillmore was the wife of Millard Fillmore. She was known for teaching her husband. She participated in formation of the white house library by selecting books to be stored in it after it was designed. There was no library before in the white house. Sarah Polk was the wife of James K. Polk. She wrote speeches and wrote correspondences for him. She also used entertained officials.

Dolley Madison was a first lady and wife of James Madison. She valued the white house treasures and saved them during the war of 1812 to protect them when the white house was destroyed. Barbara Pierce was the wife of George H.W. Bush. She was loved by all for her support of events such as AIDS awareness, education and homelessness.

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Kurt Cobain: Pure Devotion Killed a “Rock Star” Essay cheap essay help

Kurt Cobain is one of the most prominent personalities of the American rock’n’roll culture, he “has been hailed as the first true rock’n’roll star of the nineties”[1]. His music band Nirvana created a new image of rock music and made the basis for a new music style that is still extremely popular.

Cobain was not only a talented singer and song-writer, but an extraordinary personality devoted to his work and very different from other stars that are willing to sacrifice anything to get success, money or honor.

The suicide he committed was a shock for his fans and rock music industry as a whole. There are many arguments around true reasons of his death: mental disorders, drug addiction or writer’s block. At any rate, he was tired of struggling with all these problems and, as one of his songs says, preferred “Rather Be Dead Than Be Cool”.

Since Kurt was a child, “he told everybody who would listen that he was going to be a “big rock star” one day”[2] and he became one. He was a very talented child and liked drawing, listening to the Beatles songs and playing baseball. He was a very active and sociable boy until his parent’s diverse.

It is quite possible that it was “a first drop” that contributed to his future mental disorders and suicide. In that time, he began taking drugs to overcome his loneliness. At the age of 14, he started playing the guitar and singing.

In 1987, he started his own band Nirvana that changed the face of rock music from heavy metal to grunge literally. In 1991, Nirvana released the shocking album “Nevermind,” “the first time a grunge band had received live national television exposure, “Nevermind” became the № 1 spot on the Billboard charts, becoming the best-selling album in the nation”[3] (2 Heaven). He was in the spotlight of media, he was called a hero and true rock star.

During that time, he increased taking drugs and… he started to make suicide attempts even though, he had fame and great love affair with Courtney Love, “most agree that his periodic heroin use became a full-fledged habit around the time Nevermind was released”[4]

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition to psychological trauma of his child, writing block and anxiety about too much media attention contributed to his mental instability. His mental problem was serious. According to his biographer Christopher Sandford, “Cobain showed virtually no capacity for power. Easily, led, self-obsessed, over-indulged, he lacked anything resembling an ethical centre. He was incomplete. Cobain was also sick, bipolar disorder resulting in alternate bouts of depression and mania”[5].

It was caused by the feeling that he betrayed his faith as his roots were underground music scene, and after the success of “Nevermind”, he could not make songs as he wanted and could see himself as an icon of Grunge. He was tired of struggling with serious mental problems or stomachache and drug addiction:

“ Cobain’s suicide note would end with the words, “Thank you from the pit of my burning, nauseous stomach”. He blamed “a lot of [his] mental problems” on the fact that he awoke each day “with a better than even chances of feeling dead”[6].

Furthermore, there were other suggestions about what could led Cobain to suicide. One of them is that he had a “suicide gene”, as ““two of Leland’s brothers had killed themselves years earlier, fueling the most common of all the clichés about Kurt’s own fate – that he had somehow inherited the “suiside gene”[7] Love and death Finally, he chose to take his life over lying to himself and his fans.

He committed suicide with a shotgun at his home in Seattle in 1994. Thus, we can see that there were many premises for suicide and one person could hardly cope up with all of them, especially a person that was so talented and extraordinary as Kurt Cobain. According to Malcolm Butt,

“The words “Rock’n’ Roll Suicide” came so easily – and Kurt Cobain’s demise had all the elements. From a coma induced by a tranquilliser-and-champagne cocktail in Rome (now regarded as a first suicide attempt), to the tales of long-term heroin addiction, to the self-pitying note he left behind – it was a sage of self-destruction that made Cobain look like nothing more than a Nineties Sid Vicious”.[8]

Many people of art, who are much subjected to emotions, ended up their lives in suicide. No one can say what were true reasons for their decisions, but one fact is certain, they could not bear pressure of the outside world and found solution in death. Kurt Cobain is one of the most talented personalities of the 20th century.

We will write a custom Essay on Kurt Cobain: Pure Devotion Killed a “Rock Star” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More He made a great contribution to the development of the modern rock music. As the one who led a constant struggle with stomach pain and mental disorders, he tried to find solution in drugs.

His suicide is a consequence of crucial coincidences that impacted his body and soul. No matter what made him commit a suicide, he will always remain in hearts of his fans as an icon of rock music and great person.

Notes Malcolm Butt, Kurt Cobain: The Cobain Dossier (New York: Plexus Publishing, 2006), 23.

Ian Halperin

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