Abstract The current unilateral challenges that face the world necessitate the need for multiple relations among different nations. Some of the challenges and problems of the 21st century include human rights, environmental issues, labor rights, and humanitarian assistance (Muldoon 62).
A research on the need for multilateral diplomacy in the 21st century is significant in enabling all nations to forge a common goal in addressing the aforementioned problems. The essence of multilateral diplomacy can be seen in the move that aimed at convincing North Korea to abandon attempts to develop nuclear weapons, as well as the recent proposal by the US to Syria on withdrawal of chemical weapons (Dayang par. 4).
With high technological development, the world has become a global village, hence the need to coalesce under an international body like the United Nations. Here, challenges that confront a state are addressed from a global perspective, and not from the national level. The highly fragmented world needs to embrace multilateral approach in order to solve global concerns.
Therefore, the research project will seek to explore and investigate the following:
The extent to which multilateral diplomacy contributes to peaceful coexistence among nations of the world
To identify economic gains that member states receive from multilateral engagements
To examine the need for multilateral diplomacy in addressing environmental problems in the 21st century
Introduction Over the years, countries have coalesced around some regional blocks in order to get solutions for common problems like international trade agreements and climatic changes. The Kyoto Protocol is an example of an international agreement among different countries to engage in environmentally friendly practices to reduce global warming.
Given the dynamism in the world of technology, as well as similarity of problems facing different countries, a research on this topic is necessary to help in coming up with strategies of addressing the pertinent issues at a low cost.
From a historical perspective, previous researches have shown that bilateral diplomacy presents dictatorial challenges and mostly implements interests of a powerful partner. Multilateral diplomacy is appropriate in order to address these shortcomings. A research on the essence of multilateral diplomacy will unearth benefits that such cooperation can have to society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Aim of the Research The purpose of this research is to reveal the need for multilateral diplomacy in the 21st century albeit different ideologies and opinions that countries hold concerning international groupings.
Literature Review For weak nations, a proposal to have a multilateral diplomacy will be advantageous since they will be able to push for their national interests. Notably, issues of global security are handled better at multilateral negotiations than at bilateral negotiations. Multilateral diplomacy guarantees a leveled playground to all participating states that may have different economic and political strengths.
The beginning of multilateral diplomacy can be traced to the 1815 Treaty of Vienna and went on to blossom after the Second World War with the formation of the UN in 1945 (Adegbite par. 3).
As opposed to bilateral diplomacy where powerful states can make decisions that favor their selfish interests, multilateral diplomacy will work towards keeping checks and balances on the powerful states, hence forming a leveled negotiation field for all members.
For instance, in the UN, the five veto states make it difficult for one veto member to outvote an idea due to selfish intentions. The presence of three or more members in a conference, or committee qualifies the grouping as multilateral. In this type of diplomacy, the tyranny of the powerful states is under supervision from other members.
Putting in place a multilateral diplomacy promotes formation of beneficial regional groups, such as the EU, Latin Americans, and Africans. These coalitions are formed from the United Nations grouping based on the geographical and regional factors.
With universal understanding, countries that have the same economic backgrounds can cooperate to promote their own interests with little or no influence from the powerful states. Regional bodies are helpful in developing the economies of nations that would have remained underdeveloped without multilateral diplomacy (Moore par. 7).
We will write a custom Proposal on Multilateral Diplomacy in the 21st Century specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More ASEAN member countries are examples of nations that have been able to use the regional body to navigate through the economies that economic giants like China and India have dominated (Dhanapala and Rydell 35).
Others like Organization of the Islamic Conference (57 members), Non-Aligned Movement (118 members), and Group of 77 (130 members) care for issues that affect a member state even if the member state is less concerned with the situation.
For economic development, multilateral diplomacy provides a better ground for economically weaker nations to forge regional groupings that can aid their development. Multilateral diplomacy provides forums that can help in addressing transnational issues and harmonizing policies of nations (Cooper 53).
In this aspect, member countries come up with internationally accepted foreign policies that address issues of climate change, global security, human rights, and international trade.
For example, in the case of Syria where the UN demanded that President Assad gives up its chemical weapons, helped in protecting the rights of innocent civilians. In this situation, the world almost witnessed a military showdown that could also resulted in World War III were it not for the multilateral diplomacy approach.
The multilateral diplomacy proposal meant that the US was not to go alone in the Syrian civil war, thus involving key members of the UN. Evidently, the move by the UN to eliminate chemical weapons from the Syrian regime presents a great milestone in the benefits of multilateral diplomacy.
Handling such situations through a bilateral diplomacy can easily lead to confrontations and continued destructions in the targeted countries, as evident in the Iraq’s situation (Schaefer par. 5).
The ASEAN 3 helped the Asian Tigers to engage North Korea effectively. Notably, Japan, China, and South Korea are major rivals in the East, but through the regional block, they were able to solve diplomatic issues in North Korea (Kissinger and Billington par 4).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Multilateral Diplomacy in the 21st Century by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The current global world needs multilateral diplomacy in order to give opportunities to other nations as have been seen in the leadership of the UN. South Korean former foreign minister Ban Ki Moon became the UN Secretary General. This opened up the region to the outside world for economic developments.
Theoretical Framework Since countries hold different positions on multilateral diplomacy, an open-set approach will help in gathering information on the research question. Even though multilateral diplomacy is worth implementing, there is need for determined investment in the whole process in order to address global challenges.
At the same time, since the grouping is large, faster decision-making becomes difficult (Kapur 77). Players in multilateral diplomacy have to give their opinions on certain issues affecting the globe. Negotiations among member states consume time, but result in productive resolutions. Member states have to involve extra cost in maintaining the services of multilateral engagements.
Methodology Research on this topic will involve organizations spread across the globe, sample of countries, and businesses. In acquiring information and deducing conclusions on the essence of multilateral diplomacy, data collection will be done using both primary and secondary methods.
Questionnaire surveys and interviews will help in collecting primary data on the need for multilateral diplomacy in the 21st century. Member countries of key international organizations will help in providing such data. Secondary data will assist in forming background information on the research topic.
Research design and method In data analysis, random probability sampling will be applicable to represent the entire population. In handling the groups, a small sample size will be considered, of which 50 to 200 countries will be appropriate. This will help to minimize weaknesses of the design process. For interviews, most participants will include businesses and local organizations in different nations.
Questions that may rise from the research include the following:
Is diplomacy important?
What are the advantages of forming large organizations to an individual and a country?
What are the challenges of such international groupings?
Ethics During the research, participants will not be allowed to know the views of their colleagues in order to enhance information privacy. Similarly, the level of engagement will not attempt to influence reactions of the respondents.
Contribution to the Study Although multilateral diplomacy consumes time and requires extra engagements among member states, implementing the idea has more benefits than demerits in the 21st century (Williamson 31). Powerful nations should move forward to convince other nations to join international groups in order to address universal challenges from one point.
For instance, climate change is a factor that requires collective responsibility in addressing ways of mitigation, thus the need for a multilateral diplomacy in order to get strong commands from member states.
Works Cited Adegbite, Saheed. International Relations and Diplomacy, The Advantages and Disadvantages of Pursuing a Multilateral Approach to Negotiations Designed to get North Korea to Abandon Efforts to Develop Nuclear Weapons. N.p., 5 Aug. 2009. Web.
Cooper, Andrew Fenton. The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 2013. Print.
Dayang, Juan. When is Multilateral Diplomacy More Rewarding than Bilateral Diplomacy?. Reflective Diplomat. N.p., 11 Mar. 2011. Web.
Dhanapala, Jayantha, and Randy Rydell. Multilateral Diplomacy and the NPT an Insider’s Account. Geneva, Switzerland: UNIDIR, 2005. Print.
Kapur, Ashok. International Nuclear Proliferation: Multilateral Diplomacy and Regional Aspects. New York: Praeger, 1979. Print.
Kissinger, Henry, and James H. Billington. Does America Need a Foreign Policy?: Toward a Diplomacy for the 21st Century. New York: Simon
Demonstrative Communication Essay college essay help: college essay help
Introduction Demonstrative (nonverbal) language refers to the practice of communicating by means of wordless signals (Hargie, 2012). This form of communication comprises all non-worded messages that are employed in everyday communication.
When communicating orally these non-worded messages are conveyed through accentuation, tonal variation, pauses during speech, the posture of the body during conversation, gestures, and changes in facial expressions. Nonverbal messages play a significant part in our day-to-day communication and makes up more than 90 percent of our total communication.
Therefore, effective communication demands that one understands the different signals applied in nonverbal communication and the different ways of decoding these signals. This paper looks at the various forms of nonverbal communication as well as their effectiveness to the sender as well as to the receiver.
Various Forms of Nonverbal Communication From the time a child is born, he uses signs like crying to pass messages. Most people attach meaning to body gesture and nonverbal signals depending on their social conditioning. The following section looks at some of the commonly used forms of nonverbal communication.
Body Posture This refers to the orientation of the narrator’s body. The posture of the body should not be confused with body gesture. Unlike gestures that change considerably during conversation, posture is a steady state. The positioning of the body is often meant to serve a certain objective. It can also be due to the expectations in a certain setting.
For example, the body posture expected in a classroom or office is different from the posture at home or in a social gathering. Certain postures such as leaning or slumping denote relaxation and ease. However, such postures can send a negative signal of the speaker’s attitude about the topic. The listener’s posture is also important as it reflects his attentiveness or feelings towards the issue being discussed.
Intonation Intonation refers to alterations in a person’s voice during speech. It is through intonation that we establish whether a person is asking a question or making a statement. In case the sender asks a question, the pitch is raised at the end of the sentence.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, the tone usually falls towards the end of the sentence if the sender makes a statement. Intonation can also be used to indicate punctuation in speech such as commas and exclamation marks. Intonation also aids in putting emphasis on certain words that the listener is supposed to observe.
Tone of Voice The voice tone should not be confused with intonation. The tone of voice refers to the way the speaker’s attitude about the issue being discussed is reflected in speech. It is the speaker’s way of seeking a response from the listener.
The tone of the voice varies considerably based on the place of discussion as well as the topic being discussed. In a heated debate, for example, the tone is often upbeat while when reporting facts on a weather channel, the tone is factual and plain. Other scenarios may witness varying degrees of change in voice tones such as hostile, critical, friendly or excited.
Body Gestures These are actions made using parts of the body like the hands or the head to stress, denote, approve, state, or support an orator’s message or attitude. It usually accompanies oral communication, but can also be used when talking to a deaf person.
Body acts that do not require verbal supplement are usually referred to as emblems. For instance, ‘high five’ or waving when saying goodbye contains explicit meaning on its own without the addition of verbal messages.
Facial Expressions and other Forms of Nonverbal Communication Facial expressions are a good way of telling the emotions of the speaker or the receiver about a certain issue since the face is often seen as the main source of sensations. The expressions vary considerably throughout the interaction and can transition from a smile to a frown or sneer based on the sender’s emotions on the topic.
Other forms of nonverbal communication include long or short pauses in the middle of a conversation. Such pauses have significant impact on the communication process depending on their timing and length.
We will write a custom Essay on Demonstrative Communication specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Impact of Nonverbal Communication Not only is nonverbal communication important in a face-to-face communication setting, but it also plays a significant role in mediated scenarios such as interpretations where the listener cannot visualize the speaker (Thompson, 2002).
For instance, using the wrong tone can send the wrong message to the receiver and can distort the intended meaning. The sender must, therefore, understand the meaning of what he wishes to pass on and the context of the conversation to avoid such misunderstanding.
The main challenge of nonverbal communication lies in the interpretation or misinterpretation of certain signals. Signals are construed differently based on one’s culture and socialization. Another problem arises when the receiver does not understand the context of the message.
For instance, a formal message delivered in an informal or friendly tone may not be taken seriously. Gestures can also be misinterpreted. The interpretation of such a message by the listener is also vital to the way he understands the message.
Conclusion Since culture plays a vital role in the interpretation of nonverbal messages, it is important for the receiver to understand the culture of those around him and take nonverbal cues in their cultural context. This is because some messages mean different things when taken outside their cultural context. The sender must also try to ensure that he does not send the wrong signal especially in professional settings such as during interviews.
References Hargie, O. (2012). The handbook of communication skills. New York: Routledge.
Thompson, S. (2002). Communicate in the workplace. Sydney, Australia: Max Johnson.
Home Depot, Inc. Research Paper essay help online free
Introduction Home Depot, Inc. is one of the largest retail stores that deal with home improvement. The home Depot retail store was first launched in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, and since then, it has grown and opened branches in various locations. The retail store aims at being the largest retailer of home improvement (Bianchi, 2009). The retailer shop has therefore employed various strategies to obtain the largest market share.
It has worked tirelessly to meet the demands of its customers across all the regions in which it operates. The home Depot retail store employs a corporate strategy that provides it with the right direction towards its success. This paper gives a stringent analysis of the core competencies, corporate structure, corporate culture, and various strategies employed by Home Depot, Inc.
Core competencies of Home Depot, Inc Home Depot, Inc. is a one-stop shop that provides excellent products and customer services (Bianchi, 2009). The customers’ bargaining power is reduced because of the variety of products and services offered by the retail store.
Products exist in different prices and quantities and customers can choose the products according to their purchasing power. In addition to the high quality products, Home Depot, Inc. has unique strategies that value what customers purchase. It offers discounts for bulk purchases and workshop demonstrations of how to use its products.
For many years, Home Depot, Inc. had been the pacesetter of the required customer care standards for the home improvement industry. Home Depot expresses a lot of professionalism in the Do-It-Yourself (DIY) market.
Home Depot, Inc. has incorporated the latest technologies to upgrade its internal and external environment, and gain a competitive advantage by attracting professional buyers. To outdo the rest of its competitors, Home Depot employs the product differentiation strategy that enables it to supply a wide range of products and services.
Due to its massive size, Home Depot, Inc. enjoys the privileges associated with a large economy of scale. It obtains bulk discounts from the suppliers, and thus, the retail store has been in a position to share the associated advantages to its customers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Home Depot, Inc. sells its products at considerably low prices. It is also noteworthy that Home Depot, Inc. deals with highly essential products, whether there is a recession or not, because people must buy their products to upgrade and fix their households.
Therefore, while other markets are greatly affected during tough economic conditions, Home Depot, Inc. will always enjoy massive profits because of the immense range of products it sells.
VRIO analysis In carrying out a VRIO analysis for Home Depot, Inc., there is a need to speculate about the products and services offered at the Home Depot, and identify if they really have a competitive advantage. The VRIO analysis considers the Value, Rarity, Imitation, and Organization.
Value: Home Depot is one of the largest sellers of products and services in home improvement. Its products are highly valued and demanded even in times of difficult economic conditions.
Rarity: Home Depot is one of the many retail stores that deal with home improvement products and services. Its products are not rare as they are available in other home improvement stores. However, its rarity occurs in its price differentiation strategy as well as the esteemed customer care services.
Imitation: Home Depot obtains its products from entrusted suppliers, and its products are always original. While there could be cases of fraud due to imitated products, it is a rare occurrence. Fraudsters can imitate the products, but they cannot fake the seals. Moreover, potential customers will always purchase their products from entrusted retail stores like the Home Depot.
Organization: Home Depot, Inc. has a staunch organization and corporate culture that insists on value, rarity, and originality. It would be very difficult and very expensive for an organization to imitate the products, services, and standard of the Home Depot, Inc.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Home Depot, Inc. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Business model Home Depot, Inc. has employed the Environment-Strategy-Structure-Operations (ESSO) business model as shown below.
Environment: Home Depot, Inc.’s management team takes a stringent analysis of the external environment of business to identify the possible threats, as well as business opportunities. Since the competitors present the threats, the retail store has developed various differentiation strategies to have a competitive advantage over its competitors.
Business developers of Home Depot, Inc. have always worked towards ensuring that they identify new business opportunities. Moreover, the marketers have always worked tirelessly to ensure that they obtain new customers, as well as maintain the old ones.
Strategy: After accessing the external environment, Home Depot, Inc.’s managers respond by employing different strategies to respond to the identified loopholes. In case there is a market opportunity, the managers would consider making the necessary arrangements to open up new stores. If there is a customer satisfaction issue, a strategy is employed to address it accordingly.
The Home Depot retailers continuously employ the product and price differentiation strategies to maintain its customers and gain new ones. The home improvement retailer always works towards ensuring that it maintains the government standard requirements to safeguard its reputation.
Structure: Home Depot retail store has a hierarchical organizational structure, where employees have an immediate boss to address their queries. Each of the retail stores has a manager in charge that takes care of all the business activities within the store. Daily reports are sent to the central management team that monitors the progress of the various stores.
Operations: The operations department of Home Depot, Inc. takes care of all the key activities, resources, competitors, suppliers, and most importantly, the customers. The department keeps a record of all activities, identifies areas of weakness, and provides the way forward to address the issues that may arise.
Knowledge of management: The ESSO business model in Home Depot, Inc. works collectively to bring out the required knowledge of management.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Home Depot, Inc. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Value chain As discussed, Home Depot, Inc. is a retail store that deals with a wide range of products. The retail store experiences stiff competition from its competitors. However, the supporting quality customer-care service is what adds value to Home Depot products and services. The skilled and knowledgeable employees who are willing to serve customers to their satisfaction add value to the products of Home Depot, Inc.
In addition, Home Depot, Inc. employs the most innovative technologies that enhance the customer care services. The technology helps in reducing the common queues in the purchasing process.
An enhanced self-checkout system further hastens the purchasing process, especially when a customer purchases some enormous shopping. The discounts for bulk purchases and after-sales services are other factors that add value to customers who purchase products at Home Depot, Inc.
Corporate structure Home Depot, Inc. is one of the largest home improvement retailers, which has many stores. To enable the effective management of the stores, Home Depot CEO has employed three main structures, the simple, multidivisional, and functional structures (Bianchi, 2009). The simple structure operates in the small business units, which has a company head and various employees.
The various employees take orders from the company manager who makes most of the decisions. The small businesses are located across several divisions and their heads report to the multidivisional structure managers. The multidivisional corporate officers monitor and compare the performance of the small business units.
Based on reports from the simple structure managers, the multidivisional corporate officers advise the functional managers accordingly. The functional structure of Home Depot, Inc. is located in the head office. The functional structure comprises of a central CEO, small corporate staff and various organizational managers as shown in the chart below.
Corporate culture The culture that guides Home Depot, Inc. encourages its employees to have the passion to serve customers with the utmost respect (Bianchi, 2009). Home Depot culture insists on the following aspects.
Excellent customer care services: The employees are obliged to offer their customers with excellent value and knowledge of the products and services offered at the Home Depot.
Social Corporate Responsibility (CSR): Home Depot, Inc. strives to take care of the environment and the people in it. Home Depot contributes to social projects that help in the growth and development of the community.
Building strong relationships with customers, suppliers, and all stakeholders based on honesty, respect, and integrity.
Doing the right thing and accepting responsibility of all their actions.
Appreciating the time, talent, and energy invested by employees. Home Depot, Inc. does this by giving incentives and diversified employee benefits.
Corporate resource Home Depot, Inc. has seen its resources transform into capabilities. The various efforts in marketing, incorporation of technology, research, and development are some of the factors that have resulted in the growing capital of Home Depot, Inc. over the years. The various corporate resource strategies are discussed below.
Marketing: Home Depot, Inc. has invested heavily in marketing. The heavy investments in advertisements have enabled the retail shop to gain a lot of popularity. This has enabled the company to obtain new customers as well as maintain the loyalty of the old customers.
Finance: Home Depot, Inc. has maintained a good relationship with all its shareholders who help in financing the whole project. Over the years, Home Depot, Inc. has maintained growing profit inventories, and this factor has encouraged the shareholders to freely buy shares and provide funds whenever the business needs to expand.
Research and development: Research plays a very great role in enabling a business to know exactly where it heads. Home Depot, Inc. has been able to identify its main competitors through research and identified the way forward to deal with the competition (Bianchi, 2009). Through research, Home Depot, Inc. identified its strengths and weakness, and employed various strategies to improve on its weak areas.
Operations and logistics: Home Depot employs logistics to ensure that there is a strong internal network structure among the employees. Moreover, the employees are entitled to considerably high wages and benefits. The satisfied employees deliver the best services that add value to Home Depot, Inc. products and services.
Human resource: The human resource department ensures that employees are satisfied with the positions they hold in the organization. Recruitment is done whenever a new store opens, and the existing employees are promoted depending on their experience level. Everything in the human resource department is done openly to everybody’s satisfaction.
Employees who qualify to be on the management team are highly skilled and experienced because they are chosen on merit. The board of directors comprises of very competent individuals who guide the company towards the right direction. The human resource department works exclusively to bring utmost value to its employees by giving them decent wages, investing in their training, and helping their families.
Information system: One of the greatest features that place Home Depot, Inc. at its high standards is the highly upgraded information system. Home Depot, Inc. has an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) technology that enables the employees to serve thousands of customers within the shortest time possible. The highly esteemed technologies in Home Depot, Inc. enable the retail store to track inventory records, keep accuracy, and prevent fraud cases.
IFAS table Home Depot, Inc. keeps a stringent analysis of its internal factors as shown in the table below.
Internal factors Weight Rating Weight score Comments Strengths Technological advances Improved logistics operations Process oriented R
“Hana-b” a Crime Drama Film by Takeshi Kitano Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
This paper is aimed at discussing the last scene from the film Hana-bi. It depicts Nishi and Miyuki who stand near the sea and look at the girl playing with a kite. This clip is immediately followed by the suicide of the main characters.
One can say that this clip perfectly fits the climax of this movie because it shows that the protagonists are deeply attached to one another. However, at the same time, these people understand that they spend their last moments. This clip can throw light on formal elements and themes of this movie. This is one of the main aspects that can be distinguished.
There are several formal elements in this clip. First of all, the film-makers rely mostly on medium shots which enable them to capture the non-verbal behavior of Nishi and Miyuki. The viewers can see that these people lean on one another in a very relaxed manner.
These shots may last for more than ten seconds, but they are interrupted by images of a girl who flies a kite (Hana-bi). To a great extent, these shots are necessary because the authors want to portray the ideal family that Nishi and Miyuki could have if misfortunes had not struck them.
Apart from that, the images of nature play an important role in this sequence because they reflect the calm and reconciliation achieved by the main characters. Secondly, much attention should be paid to the role which music plays in this clip. It produces the impression of serenity on the viewers. However, one should also speak about the sound of two shots, and this element suggests that these people eventually commit suicide.
Furthermore, it is important to speak about the thematic elements of this clip. First of all, the film-makers focus on suicide which plays an important role in Japanese literature, art and cinematography (Davis 71). The authors show that the main characters choose to take their lives because in this way they can escape their suffering. Additionally, this choice enables them to capture a brief moment of happiness.
This is one of the main aspects that can be distinguished. Additionally, it is important to speak about the moral strength of both characters. These people are able to enjoy the last moments together, although they understand that very soon their lives will end.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This sequence is related to the film both formally and thematically. As it has been said before, the authors pair Nishi and Miyuki with the help of medium shots. However, the authors pair Nishi with other characters such as Horibe (Gerow 142). Moreover, this film explores some of the qualities that are valued in Japanese culture.
In particular, one should speak about people’s ability to bear hardships (Gerow 146). Thus, this clip can be viewed as an inseparable part of the film.
Moreover, this movie is related to some of the main principles on which Japanese cinematography is based. In particular, Japanese film-makers prefer not to describe certain tragic events. More likely, they want viewers to form their own conclusion about the decisions of the main characters or plot development (Richie 162).
Similarly, in this movie, the film-makers only indicate that Nishi and Miyuki could take their lives, but one cannot say for sure. Therefore, one can say that this clip can throw light on the techniques used by Japanese directors. This is why it is worth attention.
Works Cited Davis, Darell. “Reigniting Japanese Tradition with Hana-Bi.” Cinema Journal 40.4 (2001): 55-80. Print.
Gerow, Aaron. Kitano Takeshi, London: British Film Institute, 2007. Print.
Hana-bi. Ex. Prod. Masayuki Mori. Tokyo: Nippon Herald Films. 1997. DVD.
We will write a custom Essay on “Hana-b” a Crime Drama Film by Takeshi Kitano specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Richie, Donald. A Lateral View: Essays on Culture and Style in Contemporary Japan, New York: Stone Bridge Press, 1988. Print.
‘Double Suicide’ – By Shinoda Masahiro Essay college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Character of Shinoda
The art of puppet theatre in Double Suicide
Introduction Movies, akin to any other form of art, have been part of our lives since first black and white movie appeared on the big screen. The Chinese and Japanese actors have been strongly engaged in acting for a long time, with their movies carrying important facets of social, cultural, political and even economic concepts these movies reflect important problems in the lives of people (Shirane, 233).
Apart from the themes presented by dramas and movies, the form and style of art have also been important parts of movies. Among the common traditional art elements that the Chinese and Japanese movies and plays demonstrate is the art of chanting in the puppet theatre (Shirane, 233).
This form of puppet art dominated Japanese and Chinese acting styles throughout the history. Double Suicide is a 1969’s movie that Shinoda Masahiro produced specifically to demonstrate the 1721’st puppet play. Central to exploring the issue of the puppet art, this essay makes a movie analysis of the Double Suicide to provide a comprehensive insight into the art of the Japanese puppet theatre.
The Character of Shinoda Shinoda Masahiro, with the help of Chikamatsu Monzaemon, developed this movie purposely to demonstrate the elements of 1721 puppet play, popularly described as Bunraku in Japanese art. Double Suicide is one of the unique Japanese films whose stylization across all levels of the actions remains exquisitely persistent (Rutherford, par. 1).
Double Suicide puts more emphasis on the aspects of artifice or stage tricks where the Bunraku puppet theatre dominates throughout the play from the first scene. Following the pre-modern Japanese style developed by Monzaemon Chikamatsu, Double suicide is a film based solely because on the puppet theater styles.
According to Rutherford, “Double Suicide adopts the conventions and style of these almost life-size wooden puppets, with their visible, black-clad, hooded puppeteers, into the form of the film.” (par.3). The most dominant and emphatic self-importance aspect of Double Suicide is the Kurogo, who present themselves as puppeteers covered and unmasked.
Shinoda’s Double suicide film tends to transform the Japanese form of acting from the traditional puppet theatre style to the modern cinematographic design (Ebrey, 295).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main characteristic argument distinguished in the movie that surrounds Bunraku theatre is the presence of disagreement involving social commitments within the Japanese societies, also known as giri and the ninjo that describes personal desires.
As demonstrated by Rutherford, “Shinoda uses the theatrical impulse here to stage a drama of the overwhelming, excessive power of eroticism to rupture the stultifying, quotidian demands of social convention.” (par. 6).
The techniques of using reflections of the wooden puppets and hooded puppeteers and replacing them with the human actors demonstrate crucial transformation from the traditional performance techniques to the contemporary cinematic practices of the modern Japanese art (Cornyetz, 102).
By only replacing the traditional wooden puppets with human beings, and ensuring that the movie follows that pre-modern Japanese drama style initiated by Chikamatsu, the movie only changed the style but remained thematically significant.
Being one of the four foremost innovative Japanese directors of the modern wave of movie and film stylization developed between the 1950s and 1960s, Shinoda maintained the major concepts of the story to ensure that the latest transformations of the movie does not contradict the initial storyline of the film (Shirane, 236).
Shinoda only employed few techniques in stylization and transformation of the traditional aesthetics into the modern art, leaving the major components of the story in its original foundational story.
The story came right during the advent of political transformations in Japan that involved using cinemas as new tools or weapons to condemn political repressions (Ebrey, 295).
We will write a custom Essay on ‘Double Suicide’ – By Shinoda Masahiro specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The connection of the new wave film to the political situation in the country resulted in the ranking this movie as one of the political-aesthetical Japanese films. Using humans to represent mere puppeteers and linkage of the story directly to the important political issues gave the viewers and the film fans a better view of the story.
The art of puppet theatre in Double Suicide Double suicide is a film that can provide an understanding of the traditional Japanese performance arts of the late 1960s and the aesthetics that indicated the ironical quotations (Cornyetz, 106). The initial form of the Japanese performance involved deviations between the character’s speech and the original film script.
The art of using the wooden puppets and the hooded puppeteers in the film really creates an enthusiasm in this Bunraku puppet drama where the black masqueraded actors appear dressed in black clothes (Rutherford, par. 4). Throughout the movie, Bunraku, the relentless focus of the film, dominates all the critical scenes of the movie.
The Kurogo was the figurative element in the story, who acted as the main character that constantly assisted the live performances. The Kurogo play an important role as they represent the ghostly images commonly described as the hands of fate that direct the two lovers to their death fate.
Using the puppet theatre (Bunraku), where Kurogo images appeared in several scenes, presents a great reflection to the film’s storyline (Ebrey, 295). Double Suicide presents the story of a rich mercantile named Jihei who was not capable of paying his lover’s arrears.
There is also a Koharu, who is the person responsible for leading the two lovers to making a suicide decision known as the Shinju, with the notion is that these lovers will finally meet in the next life. With the designed Kurogo in the movie, Shinoda was able to demonstrate the story of the film (Rutherford, par. 4).
Despite the fact that the Kurogo only applied best in theatrical demonstrations, but not in real films, they represented almost true human images that caused anxiety, fear, and enthusiasm that really overwhelmed the viewers (Cornyetz, 106). The stagehands role of the Kurogo showed the disruptive power that demonstrated their role as the fate deciders who manipulated almost all the performances in the film.
Conclusion Double Suicide is one of the earliest Japanese movies, which can best describe the evolution of the theatrical performances in the Japanese acting practice.
Not sure if you can write a paper on ‘Double Suicide’ – By Shinoda Masahiro by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Dubbed as the new wave of movie production that emerged during the 1950s and 1960s, Shinoda artistically managed to make significant transformation of characters in the movie, replacing the traditional wooden puppets, black attired, covered puppeteers with the real human actors.
Adopted from the traditional Japanese drama, the movie emphasizes on Japanese stage deception that used the Bunraku puppet theaters in acting. Despite re-inventing modern means of presenting the movie, Shinoda ensures that several original facets of the film remain untouched and presents the intended theme.
The transformation of the movie comes when the transformations in the acting realm were receiving substantial attention. In essence, the film transformed when the Japanese cinemas were becoming increasingly important tools of political struggle, thus, remaining classified as the political-aesthetical films.
Works Cited Cornyetz, Nina. “Gazing Disinterestedly: Politicized Poetics in Double Suicide.” A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 12.3 (2001):101-127. Print.
Ebrey, Patricia. Pre-Modern East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History, Stamford: Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.
Rutherford, Anne. Double Suicide and the fetishism of space. Web.12 Nov. 2013. http://sensesofcinema.com/2011/cteq/double-suicide-and-the-fetishism-of-space/
Shirane, Haruo. Early Modern Japanese Literature, New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. Print.
Dubai Aluminum: Operation on Decision Making. Company Analysis Case Study college essay help
Introduction and Company Description: Mission, Vision and Staff Being a full-fledged company, which has entered the world market efficiently, DUBAL has a mission and vision of its own. Focusing, understandably enough, on providing the end user with the services and products of the best quality possible, the company’s vision does not differ much from a gazillion of other statements uttered by the rest of the UAE companies.
While DUBAL’s vision is rather predictable and focuses on future growth, the company’s mission deserves being mentioned as a very progressive one – not because of the goals that the company defines as compulsory, but because of the pace that it sets. As the recent report says, DUBAL aims at “to be the best aluminium company in production, markets, people and results” by 2020” (Growing stronger together, 2009, p. 3).
The given statement shows that the company is able to change its mission based on the requirements of the target audience. Consequently, the company hires only professional and properly trained staff.
Description of Operations: The Key Stages of Company’s Performance Like any other company, DUBAL splits its performance into several key stages, which allows for controlling the production process better and, thus, helps deliver the goods of the finest quality.
As the company describes the production process, it consists of three basic stages, i.e., bauxite refining, alumina smelting and obtaining aluminum; in the course of the process, 4 tons of bauxite are transformed into 1 ton of aluminum. Therefore, the production process can be depicted in the following way:
Diagram 1. DUBAL Key Production Process Operations
It should be mentioned, though, that the performance process is not restricted to the process of aluminum smelting, though the latter definitely plays the pivoting role in the company’s efficacy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On a larger scale, DUBAL’s performance can be viewed as a process that starts with searching for the companies providing the raw material to the promotion campaign, which is supposed to attract even more customers and, therefore, allow the company for conquering the foreign market, apart from the one within the UAE boundaries.
Therefore, the operations that take place within DUBAL can be depicted in the following manner:
Diagram 2. DUBAL Key Operations
As the chart above shows, the key inputs listed in the raw materials column also represent the stages of raw material processing. Thus, alumina, which is the actual raw material, is transformed in the Bayer process into alumina fluoride, with Calcined petroleum coke and liquid coal tar pitch being used as catalysts.
Supply Chain and the Associated Decisions: Logistics at Its Best Perhaps, one of the strongest links in the overall strong chain of the DUBAL Company’s solutions, the supply chain management revolves around the idea of responsibility and the maintenance of environmentally friendly policy. The latter takes the form of choosing the transportation method that is considered the most environmentally safe one.
It is remarkable that the DUBAL Company was awarded for the efficient supply management system adopted by the company. As Media Desk announced in 2012, the company won three key awards in supply chain management. More to the point, the company was described as an innovator, whose example is worth being taken as a pattern for the rest of the UAE companies to adopt:
Delighted at the accolade, Masood Taleb Al Ali (Vice President: Supply) says DUBAL that entered three categories in the CIPS Middle East 2012 Awards, namely 1) Procurement Team of the Year; 2) Most Improved Purchasing Operation; and 3) Best Contribution to the Reputation of the Procurement Profession. (DUBAL takes top honors in 2012 CIPS Middle East awards, 2012).
We will write a custom Case Study on Dubai Aluminum: Operation on Decision Making. Company Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It could be argued, though, that the current supply chain management in general and the company’s logistic in particular could be improved a notch once the company’s outbound logistics strategy is reconsidered.
At present, the company clearly puts the emphasis on the speed of the transportation, which often comes at a price for the quality of the supplied goods. Therefore, it will be more reasonable for the company to focus on the transportation issues in the future. To demonstrate the company’s supply chain management, the following diagram should be used:
Diagram 3. DUBAL Supply Management Structure
Operational Decisions: Facing Difficult Dilemmas Being one of the UAE leading companies, DUBALhas to face a number of operational decisions on which its status of the state’s highest grossing organization depends. One of these operational decisions concerns the suppliers. Indeed, the choice between the availability, price and quality is not easy.
It goes without saying that, to provide the services of the finest quality, a company must use the services of the best suppliers and the best transportation companies. However, to upgrade their services, a company sometimes has to resort to mediocre services regarding the supplies for other aspects of its performance.
For instance, DUBAL has recently faced a problem concerning the efficacy of the desalination procedure, which triggered the purchase of more up-to-date equipment and the need to reconsider the company’s pricing policies (Facing the future in partnership, 2008).
Productivity: When Performance Rates Speak for Themselves Like any other company of the similar scale, the DUBAL Company has its own method of measuring its productivity. Apart from defining its efficacy by calculating the number of goods produced and sold on a daily basis, DUBAL also manages to measure its productivity in accordance with two major parameters.
The first one concerns the customers’ satisfaction and can be measured in the number of positive reviews that grateful customers send to the company. It should be noted, though, that the given productivity factor is rather unpredictable and, therefore, should not be trusted completely. To start with, there is the personal factor, i.e., the fact that every customer has his/her own idea of what a high-quality product is.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Dubai Aluminum: Operation on Decision Making. Company Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, as the opinion poll held among the employees of the DUBAL Company has shown, customers rarely leave notes of gratitude even when they are satisfied with the product; quite on the contrary, people prefer to voice their opinion when the services do not meet the company’s quality standards.
As for the second parameter, in accordance with which the company’s performance is evaluated, the compliance with the company’s development plan should be named (Professional working environment, n. d.).
Conclusion: There Is Yet Much to Strive for It seems that at present, the company is doing relatively well. True, DUBAL has been facing several issues recently, which has led to several major complexities; however, the latter have been efficiently dealt with. After all, it is not the absence of problems, but the ability to solve them that defines a company’s success.
With that in mind, one must admit that the Dubai Aluminum Company remains one of the most promising companies in the UAE and is clearly going to grow in order to expand into the world market.
It is desirable, though, that DUBAL managers should pay more attention to the company’s logistics strategy, especially when it comes to designing the transportation routes for the raw material and the final product.
Once choosing the fastest, the safest and least time-consuming method of transportation, the organization will be able to improve other aspects of its operation, including the production process and information management.
Reference List DUBAL takes top honors in 2012 CIPS Middle East awards (2012). Web.
Facing the future in partnership (2008). Web.
Growing stronger together (2009). Web.
Professional working environment (n. d.). Web.
Internal and External Factors Weight and Rate Case Study argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Introduction and Overview BMS is one of those companies that managed to climb to the top of the economical Olympus solely by providing high-quality services and promoting them the right way. However, when taking a closer look at the company’s structure and assets, one might notice that certain improvements can be made.
By defining the rate of a particular aspect of a company’s performance, one can spot the source of the company’s current problems, whereas the analysis of the weight of the issues in question will help one get the priorities straight and figure out what is important for BMS at present.
Missions, Goals and Current Strategies As the company’s mission statement says, BMS was founded to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines. BMS keeps the focus on the medical nees that have been unmet and are considered unattainable by other companies that supply pharmaceutical products.
According to the information provided by the company’s managers, BMS aims at pending genericization of some of the drugs that are currently demanded, therefore, contributing to the improvement of people’s health worldwide. The company’s strategy seems pretty simple: it produces high-quality products and distributes them fast.
BMS seems to have been amazingly efficient over the past few years; as the recent records say, in March, 2011, the FDA board approved of the new oncology drug that was developed by the company. BMS’s strategy, therefore, can be defined as introducing innovations into the market.
Internal Analysis Management
Unfortunately, management seems to be the weakest link in the company’s overall strong set of internal factors. Classified as laissez-faire, the given management type does not allow for efficient cooperation between the affiliates and the heart of the company. The weight is rather weak (0.05), the rate is, therefore, 2.1. This is a company’s major weakness.
According to the recent statistical data, due to its close partnership with the USA companies, the BMS Corporation managed to hit the top 11 of the most successful pharmaceutical companies in the U.S. The given data shows that financial strategy is one of the BMS ‘s key assets. Being of a relatively strong weight (0.13), company’s finance strategy has a 2.7 rate. Finance is the company’s major strength.
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According to what the case study says, the company has turned Plavix into its major selling point. While other types of medicine are also promoted efficiently, Plavix seems to be the product that the BMS is pushing as its brand – and, to be honest, succeeds in the given task. Thus, marketing and service section deserves a strong weight of 0.11 and a rate of 2.6 and is the company’s major strength.
Production and Operations
As it has been stressed, the company deals with a number of pharmaceutical products, starting from the basic ones like Aspirin to less known and more expensive. Plavix, the company’s top product, brings BMS around $6,500 annually, which means that the company is quite successful. Weighting 0.14 and rated at 2.7, the company’s production and operations are nearly exemplary and, thus, are a major strength.
Human Resource Management
The company seems to lack insight in choosing its staff, which gets BMS a weight of 0.05 and a rate of 2.1, being a major weakness.
Research and Development
BMS has the potential for conducting pharmaceutical researches, yet never uses this potential, which brings its weight to 0.07 and a rate to 2.2 and makes it a major weakness.
The company is equipped with modern devices, which results in weight of 0.11 and a rate of 2.6. This is the company’s minor strength.
Logistics and Transportation
BMS seems to spend too much on transportation, since the goods are very fragile. Therefore, logistics and transaction weight 0.6 and are rated as 2.0 and is the company’s major weakness.
Depending on the leadership strategy chosen by the company leader, BMS may either remain afloat, or eventually sink. In the given situation, laissez-faire leadership approach is most reasonable seeing how the company has been split into several affiliates. Therefore, it has a weight of 0.8 and a rate of 2.1 and is the company’s minor weakness.
We will write a custom Case Study on Internal and External Factors Weight and Rate specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organizational Behavior
A crucial factor in the company’s development, organizational behavior does not seem to be an issue in the BMS. The weight and rate are correspondingly 0.11 and 2.6, which makes it the company’s minor strength
External Analysis Competition and Industry
Though technically considered a one of a kind company, BMS faces considerable competition. As a result, the given aspect cannot be considered the strongest of the external factors. Weight and rate deserve 0.09 and 2.4 correspondingly and can be considered a minor opportunity.
BMS uses current economic trends wisely, which results in a 0.12 weight and a rate of 3.4, being is the company’s major opportunity.
Social and Cultural
Unfortunately, diversity seems to slip from the BMS Company’s radar. Therefore, it deserves 0.8 weight and 2.3 rate and is a minor opportunity.
BMS’s customers are typically middle-class middle aged people. BMS’s strategy on demographics can be rated as 2.5 and has a weight of 0.10, which can be classified as a minor opportunity.
BMS uses up-to-date equipment, which brings it the weight of 0.14 and the rate of 3.8, which is a major opportunity.
There is no need to stress the fact that people need medicine as long as they have health issues. Therefore, the less disease-ridden the area becomes, the more losses the company is going to take. With a rate of 2.5 and a weight of 0.10 (a minor opportunity), BMS is doing relatively fine.
In case of BMS, ethics lays huge restrictions on the company’s operations, seeing how human lives are at stake. Therefore, ethics can be regarded as a major factor, seeing how BMS commits to their customers by claiming to provide only efficient medicine that in no way harms people’s health. Therefore, a weight of 0.06 and a rate of 2.0 can be given to the company’s ethics (minor threat).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Internal and External Factors Weight and Rate by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Partners
BMX uses foreign partners for long-term investments, therefore, having a 0.11 weight and a 2.6 rate (major opportunity).
Legal Issues (Liabilities)
Pharmaceutical industry presupposes that no harm should be done to the end customer, which is why the tort liability is included into the list of the key external factors. As the records show, the company has a major debt, which is why the given field cannot be considered as the company’s asset, with weight being 0.09, and the rate rising to 2.1 (minor threat).
There is no actual time limit in providing the target audience with medicine; no matter the season, there will always be demand for medicine among the general audience. Weight and rate are correspondingly 0.08 and 2.1, which is the company’s minor threat.
Conclusion BMS has a number of issues to deal with, research and management, HRM in particular, being its key weaknesses. Therefore, it will be necessary to choose a more appropriate leadership strategy, preferably a transformational one, and adopt a more reasonable approach in human resource management, as well as encourage research in the organization.
However, BMS has a number of assets as well, the major ones being its finance and marketing. By reinforcing marketing strategies, the company will be able to spend more time thinking its management strategy through.
The Importance of Development, Communication, and Learning in Teams Essay scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Importance of Team Development
Effective Training Principles for Teams
Stages in Team Development
Communication in Teams
Introduction The recent changes in the way organizations conduct business has pushed managers to figure out how to organize employees around teams. However, the development, communication and learning within teams must be efficient enough to facilitate the desired changes.
For organizations to grow, the development, communication, and learning within teams must be well designed and managed. The importance of the above thesis statement springs from the fact that development in organizations does not just happen. Rather, it is a result of concerted efforts by different individuals who work together in a team setup.
This report proceeds by discussing the importance of team development, effective training principles for teams, stages in team development, communication in teams, and team learning. Finally, it concludes by providing a brief summary.
Importance of Team Development The concept of teams is important right from birth as we are first socialized in our immediate families. As time goes by, we become members of many other teams and this continues for as long as we alive (Cannon
Operational Decision Making Report (Assessment) essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Company Description
Description of Operations
Supply Chain Decisions
Company Description Rotana Jet Aviation, also known as Rotana Airways, is one of the leading domestic airlines in the United Arab Emirates. This airline company has its main operating base in Al‐Bateen Airport, which is about 10 kilometers from Abu Dhabi City. The company offers travel services to both the domestic and international passengers.
The company has been keen to offer quality services to its customers. This is reflected in its mission statement that says, “To offer quality travel services to domestic and international travelers at reasonable costs.” The company has been experiencing growth in the market, especially after adding new international routes to the previously existing routes.
Description of Operations It is important to understand the operational activities of Rotana Jet, and the means through which it turns its inputs into output. As stated above, this firm offers travel services to its clients in the market. One of the main inputs of this firm is the planes used to deliver the service.
The firm purchases the planes (input) which it uses to offer the travel services (output) to the clients from one location to another. Another important input that the firm has been using is the entertainment facilities, especially the music system fitted in the seats.
This input is used to offer entertainment services to its clients. The firm uses coffee, water, and sugar as inputs, to make coffee as the product for its clients while on board their planes. As Bruce (40) observes, the current competitive market in the airline industry is forcing the airline companies to offer better quality products in order to attract a pool of loyal customer.
This explains why Rotana Jet is keen on offering their clients drinks and entertainment services. Another important input that this firm uses in its operations is the human labor, which includes pilots and cabin crew. The pilots work to ensure that clients are flown from one location to another, while other cabin crews work as a team to ensure that the journey is more enjoyable for the customers.
Supply Chain Decisions In the current competitive market, firms are keen to ensure that they employ the best strategy in their supply chain management. This is because they are under pressure to ensure that they are efficient in their operations. Sauter (73) observes that there is need to ensure that acquisition of raw materials, their movement to the firm, and distribution strategies used by a firm are very efficient in order to increase profitability.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rotana Jets has been keen to ensure that its supply chain is managed appropriately to deliver the desired results in the market. The diagram below shows some of the most important activities that the operations manager will be concerned with in supply chain management.
The products, especially the jets will be coming directly from the manufacturer to the firm. Once this is received, the firm will use the input to offer travel services to the customer. Operations manager will always need to make a decision of whether to make such orders through well-established agents in the market, or to contact the manufacturer directly. This decision will always be guided by the associated costs.
One of the main strategies that this firm has been using in the market to increase its productivity is cost leadership. This means that Rotana Jet’s operations manager would determine the options available in the supply chain, and determine the associated costs at each stage in the activities identified above. The firm would then make a decision on the option that is most efficient and cost effective.
According to Sauter (51), in supply chain management, firms are always concerned of the best approach to use in order to ensure that they get inputs in time and at the most desirable plans so that a chain of other activities can begin.
Given the cost leadership strategy that this firm has been using, it is important for the operational manager to ensure that the decision on the approach to take in acquiring the inputs is conscious of these factors. The management should ensure that the product is always ready whenever the customers need them.
Operational Decisions Understanding critical operational decisions within a firm is one of the ways through which a firm can gain competitive advantage in the market (Mahadevan 81). One of the most important critical operational decisions is the choice of product design. Rotana Jet must devise a way to design its products in a manner that will give it an advantage in the market.
It is a fact that all airlines offer travel services to their customers. However, Rotana must design its products in a unique manner that will help differentiate its services in the market. The management should make a decision to design unique seats, customized entertainment services, high quality customer care, and other unique qualities to its products.
We will write a custom Assessment on Operational Decision Making specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These decisions would have a direct contribution to the overall strategy of the firm. The identified decision areas focus on improving quality of services of this firm in the market. They are directly concerned of how Rotana Jet will offer positively unique service to its customers.
This means that the operations manager must consider making these decisions out of the desire to offer quality service to its customers at reasonable prices. For this to be achieved, the management must ensure that costs of production are maintained as low as possible.
Productivity According to Anderson (56), a firm should have a clear way of measuring productivity. This will help it when determining the sustainability of its operations. At Rotana Jets, the need to measure productivity is very strong. This is because of the increasing competition in this market, and the rising costs of production.
The main approach of measuring productivity in this firm is through determining the output that is made of the operational activities. The output will be measured through sales made after a given trading period. The firm would then determine the associated costs during that period. The productivity would then be determined by deducting the costs from sales to find the profits.
The profits will help in understanding the productivity of the firm. The profits generated should be reasonable enough to sustain operational activities of this company, and be able to foster development. To improve productivity of this company, the operational manager should expand the scope of the firm’s internet marketing to include social media marketing.
This is because social media such as Facebook and Tweeter are used by a large number of people who can form part of the customer base of this firm. This strategy will also help this firm create viral marketing in the internet.
Works Cited Anderson, David. An Introduction to Management Science: Quantitative Approaches to Decision Making. Mason: South-Western, 2008. Print.
Bruce, Peter. Understanding Decision-Making Processes in Airline. New York: Cengage, 2012. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Operational Decision Making by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Mahadevan, Bernard. Operations Management: Theory and Practice. Upper Saddle River: Pearson, 2010. Print.
Sauter, Vicki. Decision Support Systems for Business Intelligence. Hoboken: John Wiley
Antitrust (monopolization) case between the U.S. (Plaintiff) and the E. I. DuPont (Defendant) Case Study essay help: essay help
DuPont was sued for allegedly monopolizing the interstate commerce, thus giving other companies in the same sector hardships in reaching out to the prospective markets and customers. The available markets became flooded with goods from one business entity. This was a strategy of making sure that none of the new companies had the means of matching the competition DuPont presented.
Although the suit before the court was a challenge evaluating the violation of the antitrust law, it was clear that there were economic impacts that were brought about by the monopoly that was created by the company. All the companies should be put on the same footing in terms of having the means to market their products in order to have an organized way of generating income.
The established companies should not be allowed to sell their products at lower prices because the new entrants in the market can lack a place in the growing market. It is an impediment to the expansion of the markets when there is only one nature of products that are sold at a very low price.
The decision was what the court felt was right given the circumstances. The decision was made with the intention of deterring other companies. It is this reasoning that saw a lot of mistakes in the economic sense being condoned. It was in this instance that the court applied the Sherman Act without taking into account some of the economic effects of the decision.
The consumers were following the guideline of a case that was held in total disregard for the economic principles that govern the running of free markets. It was at this point that the courts found it useful to hold the judgment in favor of the plaintiff, while the decision itself could not stand the test of economic advancement.
It is imperative to note the effects of the decisions to be reached by the court on the market in a case whereby the parties to the case are not both parties in the running of the market. A monopoly enjoyed by one party may be out of sheer handwork without any proof of mischief on the part of the company.
There were other companies in the case that were entrusted with the mandate of ensuring that the licensed patents were not used against the set out agreements. The patent rights of designing the Cellophane were meant to market the product in other parts of the world. This was made possible through licensing of the product.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company engaged in the search for cheap employment, while strictly guarding its rights to make Cellophane. The popularity of the company went up, with customers having a great liking for their products. At the same time, the company ensured that the products were equally competitive. This was a major boost for the company.
The company was placed in a better position through its efforts and the virtue of having a wide base of customers. It was the quality of the goods that ensured that there was an immense liking for the company’s products. There was monopoly and unfair competition. There was no link between the allegation and the evidence offered, although the court held in favor of the plaintiff.
The market for DuPoint’s products, both in the United States and other parts of the world, became commendable. There was a need to reduce the prices of many of their products given the high percentage of market share. This was a gesture that enabled the company to compete against most of its competitors.
There was no evidence to indicate that there was any form of manipulation used by the company. The prices were set according to the economic dynamics of supply and demand. It was the dictates of supply that placed the company in a better place compared to its rivals.
In the given circumstances, the decision by the court rendered a stringent measure on the company. This made the market less competitive. The court’s decision was largely an interference with the functioning of the market. In that case, it was appropriate to ensure that the impacts of the decision were assessed by the court making the ruling. It was a major violation of the economic initiatives and the rules that govern competition.
It is evident that DuPont was not taking part in any form of manipulation of prices. This means that the prices in the market were left in the hands of the consumers. The consumers in this case were willing to buy the products of DuPont depending on their quality. The decision by the court in the antitrust case was a major interference with the rules of advertising.
Therefore, it is true to observe that the decision was a clear centralization of the market. It was a clear move to strengthen the weak companies by weakening the strong ones. This was made with complete disregard for the principles of supply and demand in every free market.
We will write a custom Case Study on Antitrust (monopolization) case between the U.S. (Plaintiff) and the E. I. DuPont (Defendant) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The salient features of a free market were greatly interfered with. In some countries, the government takes the role of regulating the markets, but in this case it was the court that took over the role. Courts can only interpret the law in favor of economic activities if they consider the effects of the decision.
Edward Cullen Essay college essay help near me
Introduction From a certain perspective, it can be stated that various characters within the Twilight series represent the social groups that exist within the high schools that teenage girls go to. This is one of the reasons why the Twilight series has become so popular given the manner in which the target readers (i.e. teenage girls) see so much of their own lives in the characters they read about.
What is interesting though is how the vampires seemingly characterize the way people behave in society wherein they use fake outer personalities to blend in. The character of Edward Cullen in particular can be considered as a representation of the obsession of society with presenting a façade of who they are in order to properly blend in with their social groups.
Understanding the Representations of Characters in the Novel The main characters in Twilight are meant to represent high school stereotypes as seen in the way they look and act. Writers such as Fleur Diamond delve too deeply and add more dimensions than needed to what are basically one dimensional characters that are easily understood.
In her work, Diamond states that
Bella Swan quests for a sexuality that is not fully available to her within the dominant codes of both gender and heterosexuality in her culture. Meyer’s heroine is seeking a frank ownership of desire and sexual agency that is conventionally reserved for men and which, when present in women, is regarded with suspicion (Diamond 2).
Such an interpretation, while interesting, adds more depth and dimension to a character that is simply unwarranted.
The character of Bella and the perspective of “claiming a carnality and sexual subjectivity for its heroine” are simply at odds with one another when you look at the way in which the main characters are meant to represent high school “cliques” (Diamond 8). They embody stereotypical teenage definitions for various group categories that are the norm in most high schools in the U.S. (Diamond 1-8).
Fleur Diamond is mistaken in interpreting Twilight as a form of “transgressive female desire” characterized by Bella Swan. The Twilight series is merely a means of representing the common “cliques” in a high school in a way that utilizes fantasy as a setting to show a girl’s growth into womanhood.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is one of the primary reasons why the series is so popular with teenage girls since they are able to relate to what the characters experience since they are going through it themselves.
What Does Edward Cullen Represent? If the characters in the Twilight series represent various stereotypes that exist within a high school setting, then the character of Edward Cullen can thus be considered as a representation of “the popular guy” stereotype.
This individual is normally well off financially (Edward is quite rich), has good looks (same characteristic seen in Edward), has a charming yet mysterious personality (same characteristic shown within the books), yet has a loving and endearing quality (exactly the same set of personality traits exhibited by Edward Cullen).
When examining the personality traits that an idealized guy would have that would appeal to a teenage girl (or any girl for that matter), it can be seen that Edward represents many of these apparent traits thus making him the much sought after “ideal guy” that teenage girls want in a boyfriend.
Other similar representations that are not immediately apparent at the onset of the novel are the ways Edward also represents the concept of the “ideal man” in present day society. In particular, he is a highly educated, physically attractive, white male that has access to large amounts of personal wealth (Mutch 75-90).
From a certain perspective, it can even be interpreted that Edward reinforces the present day stereotypes within society by his very nature. For example, in the book “New Moon” there is the possibility that Bella would choose Jacob over Edward, however, in the end she still chooses to go for Edward.
This can be interpreted as a representation of women in society choosing mates who, through societal preconceptions, are considered to be the most perfect to go for (in this case white males) (Mutch 75-90).
We will write a custom Essay on Edward Cullen specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It should also be noted that the representation of main characters of “colored” descent (Native Americans in this case) show a certain level of racism. This is due to the manner in which they lived (i.e. in shacks in the wilderness), low economic means, the manner in which they dressed (lacking in style and class) and being generally “wild” and aggressive in terms of behavioral traits.
This contrasts sharply with the relatively classy, suave and “cool” manner in which Edward Cullen and the other main vampire characters behave (Silver 121-130). This shows how character representations within the Twilight series follow the same boundaries, predilections and racist views that are common in the present day society.
The concept of “identity” that is utilized within Twilight is neither complex nor hard to understand, it is merely a reflection of present day society told in a fantasy like setting (Wilson 126-130).
Though it is stated in the novel that the vampires are far from human in their traits and characteristics, this is far from the truth given that the very nature of their characters are representations of how people are viewed and characterized within most social environments.
Context of the Character of Edward in Present day Society When going over the character of Edward Cullen, it can be noted that there is a certain duality to his representation. Initially, he represents the idealized version of a man that most women would like to have in their lives. On the other hand, he also has a much darker side to his personality that is represented by him being a vampire.
Such a duality can actually be considered a representation of how people act within the society at the present wherein there is the “projected image” which is meant to appeal to social groups that one interacts with on a daily basis, while there is the “hidden image” which is who a person really is. This image is hidden from the view of society due to possible ramifications of revealing such a side to others.
The following is one of the more interesting statements from the work of Herbert (2004) that echo such a viewpoint when he stated that:
Thus the evil one is recognized by his refusal to self-reflect, or confront anything which he does not wish to confront about himself. Since the persona Dracula wants to present to the world is a facade and a lie, it does not reflect in the mirror of Truth. The vampire abhors the mirror, for the lack of reflection confronts him with the fact that his self-image has no reality (Herbert 63).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Edward Cullen by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such a statement is actually quite close to how Edward Cullen and in fact, most males in society act wherein they at times refuse to confront who they are and instead focus on the creation of a façade through the use of a surface image to fool the general public.
What must be understood is that the concept of a persona can also refer to the way in which a person portrays themselves in public. As a matter of fact, it is considered a method in which a person presents an “image” to people that they are attempting to communicate and associate with on a daily basis (Herbert 62-70).
This particular “image” refers to a person’s “character” that they are attempting to project. People treat them in a particular manner based on their inherent projected image. This is not limited to their physical appearance, rather, it extends also to the manner in which a person acts, speaks and generally portrays themselves in public.
In the case of the Twilight novels, this takes the form of the vampires creating a particular image for themselves, namely, as individuals that may look beautiful, ethereal, otherworldly and mysterious but in the end still human at the core. It is this portrayal on the basis of a projected image that is a cause for concern.
The way we react to people based on a projected image means that we are in effect reacting to something that, for all intents and purposes, is a false representation of who that person is in reality.
For example, a person may argue for the righteousness of a cause on the basis of their knowledge of the event. Yet this attempt at persuasion may in itself be self-serving for the person that is attempting to persuade other individuals.
In the case of a projected image, what must be understood is that it is “artifice”, meaning that is created, manufactured, made, constructed etc. It can be considered a type of surface image which may in fact have an entirely fictitious relationship to what is actually true.
For instance, a teacher could show up in class one day wearing cowboy boots, a ten gallon hat and long sleeved t-shirt with a large image of a cactus on the front while the next day he can wear an average suit and tie.
The reason this is mentioned is due to the fact that despite the different outfits, the person and the ideas that are being presented have not changed at all. However, what is changed is the perception of the audience regarding the idea being presented.
The same can be said for image projection in the present day society wherein the method in which a person is “packaged” drastically changes the perception of the audience towards accepting the person or the validity of their statements. Thus, in the case of Edward Cullen, he represents how the idealized image that appeals to girls may in fact be hiding a personality that is completely different.
Works Cited Diamond, Fleur. “Beauty and the Beautiful Beast.” Australian Feminist Studies 26.67 (2011): 41. MasterFILE Premier. Web.
Herbert, Steven C. “Dracula As Metaphor For Human Evil.” Journal Of Religion
What are the differences between human resource management and personal management? Case Study essay help online free: essay help online free
Table of Contents Introduction
The difference between personnel management and HR management
The personnel management process
Training and development
Introduction This paper presents answers to randomly selected human resource questions. The questions are as follows: what are the differences between human resource management and personal management? What are the processes for the selected personnel management activities? (Workforce planning, recruitment, training and development, and performance appraisal).
The difference between personnel management and HR management Personnel management is a management function performed by a specialist. The function is not directly involved with formulation of business strategies. It is simply a collection of people related activities. The activities involved are:
Formulation of policies that regulate employee relationship.
Formulation of job description and management of the appraisal process.
Ensuring that policy that governs personnel conduct is fully followed.
Providing and retaining personnel, implementing layoff programs and aiding self-development of employees.
Human resource management, on the other hand, is a planned and consistent approach to the management of an organization’s most treasured asset. The individuals who collectively contribute to the success of an organization are the most valued assets.
The human resource management aims at harmonizing personnel issues with an organization’s strategy. Therefore, it is the process of managing employees in order to achieve the principal goals and objectives of an organization.
The personnel management process Workforce planning is the long-term planning of the workforce requirements of an organization by considering both the internal and external forces of change. Workforce planning begins with conducting job analysis, which is the systematic gathering and recording of information about jobs in an organization.
It involves assessment of job requirements in terms of specific tasks and responsibilities. It should also provide information on skills, knowledge, experience and potentials that can be developed within a job. A complete job analysis consists of job description (the duties, tools and conditions of a job), and the job specification (statement of the qualifications required for an applicant to be considered).
The second step in workforce planning is the forecasting of demand and supply of labor. This process involves estimation of the future number and qualifications of employees an organization needs to base on its long-term plans.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The last step in workforce planning involves assessing whether an organization’s labor supply matches with the demand. It also involves formulations of plans to hire or lay off employees if demand exceeds supply and supply exceeds demand respectively.
Recruitment is a process induced by an organization’s need for more personnel. Recruitment encompasses a set of activities used by organizations to make themselves the center of attention for job applicants. Recruitment can be divided into two categories, that is, specific and general.
Specific recruitment is majorly for such high positions as managerial ones, as they require a high level of skills and expertise. On the other hand, general recruitment is mainly for lower positions that frequently open up. The sources of recruitment can either be external (other organizations or the public) or internal (within an organization).
Training and development Training programs in organizations are intended at improving the performance of the tasks, while development programs are intended for building the future skills and expertise. Training programs are majorly concerned with the technical features of an organization’s tasks.
Therefore, they are suitable for employees in the lower positions in an organization. Development programs, on the other hand, are intended for individuals occupying managerial positions.
Training. The intensity of training varies with an organization’s structure and the potential of employees. Training programs can be affected by the type of the approach used. There are two approaches that can be used, that is, the internal and the external approaches. The internal approaches are programs carried out within an organization.
They are the following: orientation – it is the process of familiarizing new employees with the organizational policies and their main task. Development by level – it is the provision of training programs for employees as they are promoted from one position to another. Job rotation – this method requires employees to be familiar with task in all key departments of an organization.
We will write a custom Case Study on What are the differences between human resource management and personal management? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More An employee will, therefore, work in every department on a rotational basis for a specific period. Apprenticeship training – this method involves making a new employee work under a professional’s supervision and at the same time learn specific tasks before he is left to work without any inspection.
Coaching is a method that involves a person-to-person coaching and counseling. Acting capacity: applying this method supposes that a trainee is assigned a responsibility of another absent senior staff member. Assistant position: a trainee is expected to work under a close monitor by a senior staff member.
The method is recommended if the superior has good mentoring skills. Committee and junior boards – this method requires that a trainee be appointed to a committee comprising both senior and junior members of an organization. The trainee is therefore expected to interact with more experienced staff members and in the process, acquire some knowledge.
The external approaches are used to enhance internal programs. They are conducted by professional bodies such as the universities and consultants. The programs are conducted through seminars, lectures and conferences. The approach is used when a highly specialized expertise is required.
Performance appraisal It is another step in the staffing process. It is a procedure used to identify, evaluate and develop human performance in an organization. Most managers judge performance appraisal as a difficult task because it is not easy to evaluate an employee’s performance accurately. Another difficult part of the task is delivering the result of the performance-appraisal exercise to an employee.
The process may be either formal or informal. Informal performance evaluation is a continuous process of assessing an employee’s performance standards while formal appraisal is conducted after a given period, for example, after every three months.
The main aim of the process is to identify employees who should be promoted and those who require further training. The following are the major reasons for conducting performance evaluation:
To provide employees with the feedback on the quality levels of their performance. The feedback is important because it helps the employees to identify their areas of weaknesses and strengths. The information also helps employees to formulate individual performance improvement plans.
Performance assessment facilitates personnel decision-making, for example, employee promotion. These decisions are critical for both employees and the organization, therefore, should base on adequate information.
Performance assessment is fundamental to an organization’s reward and remuneration system particularly a compensation plan based on employee merit.
The evaluation indicates job areas, in which training and development are needed. Therefore, training programs could be developed upon identification of an area of low performance.
In conclusion, all the personnel and human resource management activities are intended at harmonizing personnel issues with the organization’s goals and objectives to ensure their achievement.
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Facebook and Nielsen Company Case Study essay help online free
Facts of the case As the need for brand visibility increases in the Arab World, Facebook and Nielsen Company have established a working partnership to assist marketers on the best approaches of online product development and sales. For instance, the Nielsen’ ‘BrandLift’ product allows marketers to make use of streaming Facebook polls on product reception and perception.
Since Facebook allows a potential client to stream in live response, companies are in a position to modify their products to suit customer preference. The Sarmady Communication Company is presented as the visible beneficiary of the Facebook-Nielsen ‘BrandLift’ product.
As a result of embracing this product, Sarmady has been able to double its online sales returns in addition to the customer base. The Facebook-Nielsen alliance targets to have control of the $9 billion marketing industry in the Arab world.
Problem statement Over the years, there has been a need to develop an online platform for companies within the Arab world to increase their product visibility. Specifically, online marketing has grown substantially and the current statistics indicate that social and entertainment websites were the most visited in the Arab world.
The actual data captured a 48% visits as compared to other sites with a total of 34% search engine growth. The survey further indicated that 28% of the participants admitted online purchase of their products.
Thus, it is necessary for the Facebook-Nielsen alliance to establish strategies that will increase their presence in the online marketing segment of the Arab eMarketing industry. This alliance may have to revise its strategy to benefit from the expansive and under-exploited Arab world online marketing industry.
Objectives of the case study The objective of the case study is to explore the significance of online marketing in the expansive Arab world marketing industry. The case study aimed at quantifying the underlying variables that positively and negatively interact to achieve the above objective. Basically, the case study endeavored to establish the scope of operation of the online marketing industry from the practical and quantifiable perspectives.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Areas of consideration The main areas of consideration were the methods of data collection and sensitivity of the data because the Arab world online marketing industry is dynamic. Besides, the scope of the study was expansive, hence, there was a need to balance observable and testable variables of research analysis.
The case study considered different business partnership models in penetrating the expansive industry. The proposed products were positioned to increase product visibility and modify the perception of the clients as desired by the Facebook-Nielsen alliance.
Alternative courses of action The incorporation of uniqueness of products and improved online platform
The incorporation of uniqueness of products and improvement of the online platforms is necessary as an alternative to successful merging of the consumer preference and increased traffic as a result of more sales.
Modifying the purchasing process through poll feedbacks
The buying process normally begins with the need for a particular product or good as indicated in the Kotler’s models of intention, adoption, and continuance on the process of online consumer purchasers. The need that was created prompted the consumers search for available information concerning the good or service that can satisfy that need.
Evaluation of the courses of action The incorporation of uniqueness of products and improved online platform
The incorporation of uniqueness of products and improvement of the online platforms is necessary to allow easy integration of the market along with customer preferences. This model is an integration of two models of consumer behaviors, Kotler’s expectation-confirmation model and Ira’s attitudinal theoretical model.
The attitudinal theoretical model is used in examining the variables informing consumer purchasing intention and adoption. This model is used in explaining consumer satisfaction with a service or good through their repeat purchases.
Modifying the purchasing process through poll feedbacks
Personal innovativeness of individual consumers is key personality characteristic that gives an explanation of consumer online behavior. Consumers’ trust on the internet is a significant determinant of online shopping. E-commerce is non-discriminate on the size of business since even retail chains are in a position to trade online. Moreover, this model of business operation functions exclusively online.
We will write a custom Case Study on Facebook and Nielsen Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion From the above research, markets are provided with a rich knowledge of consumer behavior as dependent on the degree of perceived positive and negative beliefs on a brand. Therefore, through improved advertising, balanced prices, and quality, markets will be in a position to monitor emotions and motivations which serve as the emerging forces within consumers that activate certain behaviors.
Recommendations It is important for small, medium, and large business to embrace technology in order to remain competitive in the expansive Arab world online marketing environment by using the Facebook-Nielsen platform. Every aspect of life is actively influenced by the revolutionary technological orientation and customers would gladly go for convenient purchasing tools.
Central to the theories of consumer behavior is the conviction that different consumers go through markedly complex decision making process that is influenced at different stages by a number of possible variables.
Management Lessons Perceptions are unique ways through which consumers internalize and interpret information about a product. Consumer engagement is essential towards winning and maintaining a client especially in a competitive market setting where the best offer carries the day.
The offer could be in the form of price, quality, and quantity. When information on perception is verifiable, it is easy for a company to execute a well researched plan within allocated resources.