Both earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are natural disasters whose occurrences are beyond human control. Since they are caused by forces of nature, human beings can only take precautions to minimize losses arise from them. Beneath the earth’s surface there is energy build up due to the continued stress on the rocks. Moreover, energy may also build up when these rocks are deformed.
When disturbed by events such as volcanic activity, a wave called seismic wave occurs. When released suddenly in the crust of the earth, this energy may cause slow to violent shaking of the earth’s surface. This shaking of the earth’s surface is called earthquake and make cause various hazards depending on the intensity of the shaking.
Since the energy is mainly derived from the sustained stress and deformation of the underlying rocks, the precursor signals of earthquakes especially in seismic zones are majorly based on the careful study of the earth’s surface. These signals include any changes in the ground and water levels.
Moreover, any change in the electrical conductivity of conductors is also a major indicator of earthquakes as this indicates an increased magnitude of the seismic waves. The recurrence intervals of earthquakes are difficult to map out with accuracy since the events that lead to earthquakes occur deep within the earth’s surface. One is only able to monitor the seismic activities and predict an earthquake.
Volcanic eruptions are mainly characterized by release of gases, magma, and dust among other materials from the vents of volcanic mountains. These materials usually originate from the deeper layers of the earth’s surface but find their way out through vents or fissures of the volcanoes. Such eruptions are usually caused by pressure release from the mantle of the volcano.
The pressure results from the circulation of the hot magma in the mantle. When released, the pressure forces magma, ash, dust and gases among other materials into the atmosphere and the surrounding areas.
Even though the recurrence intervals of volcanic eruptions especially the active ones are difficult to predict, the occurrence of an eruption can be predicted by measuring the gases released by the volcanoes, ground changes and deformation and also changes in the temperatures of the waters on the crater lakes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Both earthquakes and eruptions cause loss of lives and damage of properties including roads, hospitals and other vital infrastructures. They can also be a source of cause and spread of diseases. They both damage sewer lines and plants and cause flooding which can lead to spread of pathogens. Moreover, the ashes and gases from volcanic eruptions may cause severe respiratory and skin diseases to humans.
As the volcanic materials burn and smoother everything on their way like earthquakes, acres of food crops are destroyed leading to food insecurity and its associated consequences. Due to their nature, human beings can only reduce the losses that occur but not prevent earthquakes and eruptions. Such mitigation measures such as measuring of precursor signals and early warnings have saved many lives.
Moreover, evacuation of individuals to safer or higher grounds before these disasters and emergency disaster preparedness services such stocking of food, medicine, water and other basic needs will go a long way in saving lives.
The first response strategies for both disasters is usually evacuation of individuals to safer grounds, provision of medical care to the injured and provision of basic needs to all victims. Thus, the mitigation measures of both eruption and earthquake are the same.
Impact of philosopher to the educational process and purpose Research Paper a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Pragmatism education philosophy marks a point of demarcation. This point is from the authorities based on realism and idealism. Also, they are in relation to educational philosophies, which include perennialism, essentialism, and scholasticism. The early child-centered curricula had an approach on the needs, interests, and prior learning of the child.
This great movement in education was made successful by the progressive movement in society. Progressivism is the one that expresses pragmatism in a nice educational manner. The progressive movement in education has a main goal on how to improve the society. Constructivism is a theory that states that through reflecting people’s experiences, there is the construction of the world in which they live.
Both the Progressivism and constructivism are theories that have differences. However, they both accept the idea that the world is changing. Darwinian Theory is the one that had a strong influence on this idea. (Hickman, 2009). Hence, improving the world’s society.
Progressivism This educational theory consisted of educators and education reformers. They changed the foundation of education by using its procedures. Kilpatrick was devoted to teaching. He held many positions in educational institutions like he was a professor of philosophy of education at the Columbia Teachers College. He advocated a curriculum that did not separate teachers and students.
However, he did not prove that teachers and student were equal in understanding. Instead, he meant that students needed to understand that teachers were their advocates. The idea that schools in democratic societies and school institutions were democratic did not come from him.
He did the encouraging of problem solving activities, flexibility in curriculum design, cooperative learning and learning based on experience. He stressed on the idea of the teachers understanding a child. This helped a child feel appreciated and is able to express what they know to the rest of the children in the school compound. The child then improves.
Constructivism This educational theory is based on internal structures of learners. This is a method of learning that is very strong. This is because they help learners or students understand the world and put new experiences into practice in their prior learning. In connection to education, almost all constructivists’ procedures in learning originate from Dewey.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, for constructivism to be acceptable, the belief on the general skills occur independently and naturally in the minds of human beings ought to be rejected. Constructivism theory states that individuals construct their own understanding through interaction with what they already know together with the new ideas and experiences they encounter.
By the end of the day, learners are able to make decisions instead of depending on their teachers (Wadsworth, 2004).Over the years, Jean Piaget developed the theory on how minds develop by a number of stages. Piaget, who was a philosopher of education, stated there are four stages of development.
They include the sensorimotor-based on physical development of a child, preoperational stage- language learning development, concrete operational stage; this is where a child learns to satisfy objects according to their differences and similarities, and the formal operational stage which is characterized by logical thinking.
Piaget insists on the point that a child does not skip any of the stages. These stages are supported by education in their schools.
References Hickman, L. A.,
Country report: Brazil vs. China Report college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Political and legal systems
Society and business culture
Managing practices in Brazil
Political and legal systems Brazil operates a political system which is headed by an elected president who is the head of the chief executive branch of the government and the state (Brasil.gov.br, 2010). The Brazilian federal government is divided in 3 major powers which are coordinated harmoniously and independently. They are the executive, the legislature, and the Judiciary powers. All these bodies have different power within the government.
Politically, Brazil is a multiparty state implying that several parties are constitutionally and legally accepted. The country has been considered as a Presidentialist Federative Republic which is composed of the states, federal government and municipalities (Brasil.gov.br, 2010).
Different independent and distinct bodies are assigned with the power and a control system which ensures that constitution and laws are enforced (Brasil.gov.br, 2010).
The People Republic of China uses a socialists system which is an alliance of farmers and workers but led by the working class (China Internet Information Center n.d). In addition, the PRC operates under the Communist Party of China which leads the people’s way of life.
According to the Chinese constitution, all the power of the country belongs to the people and is exercised through the local people congress and the national People’s Congress (China Internet Information Center n.d).
In other words, the people have the power to manage the economy, state, and culture among other social affairs. The Nation is governed through the rule of the law and all people are equal to the law. Democratic centralism acts the organizational principle which harmonies and controls the state organs (China Internet Information Center n.d).
Economic systems Although china is ranked as a developing nation, it has emerged to be one of the nations with an increasing and stable GDP growth rate. China GDP has been increasing over the years and just like Brazil, the nation was not adversely affected by the 2008 financial market crisis.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In 2011, China had a GDP of 9.2% which has been seen as a major economic growth given that most economies in 2011 were still recovering from the 2008 economic shock (CIA 2012a). Unlike other markets in the world, the exchange rate of china is determined by fiat instead of the market forces.
Through economic stimulus, China has been able to experience an economic growth which has surpassed other developing nations in the region. In Asia, China is the largest economy outdoing economies of developed countries like Japan.
Brazil is the 8th largest economy in the world and the economic hub of South America. Its economy has undergone great changes over the years thus providing a good environment for conducting business. Just like China, Brazil is categorized as a developing nation despite its growth in economy. In 2011, Brazil experienced a GDP growth rate of 2.7% (CIA 2012).
The nation depends heavily on agricultural exports while the service sector has been able to develop the country’s economy. With a population of over 200 million people and unemployment rate of 4.7%, the economy has been described as stable one for business investments (CIA 2012).
Accordingly, Brazil has the highest interest rates which make it more attractive to business investors. In addition, the country was not hit hard by the global financial market crisis in September 2008.
Society and business culture Brazil has a strong and diversified culture which results from the fusion of the many ethnic groups such as the indigenous, African and South Americans (Veras
Money and Capital Markets: Turkey, India and China Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
As a result of the 2008/2009 economic crisis, different countries are increasingly using monetary policies in an effort to stimulate their economic growth. One of the monetary policy tools being used is the cash rate which is the rate of interest that financial institutions charge to lend funds (Marthinsen, 2012, p. 202).
The Reserve Bank of Australia is one of the central banks which have adjusted the cash rate severally. In November 2011, RBA’s board lowered the official interest rate by 25 basis points to 4.25% (Reserve Bank of Australia, 2012, para.1). By adjusting the cash rate downwards, the central/reserve banks expect commercial banks to respond by adjusting their lending rate similarly and with the same margin.
This paper is aimed at evaluating situations of similar changes with specific reference to lending cuts undertaken by central/federal in other countries over the last year.
The paper has considered three countries which include Turkey, India and China. The report specifically focuses on cuts undertaken on the lending rate. Other roles performed by the central/reserve banks in an effort to promote economic stability are not considered.
China, India and Turkey are amongst the countries which have cut their lending rate over the last one year. For example, the Reserve Bank of India lowered the short term lending rate with a margin of 0.5% to 8% (The Economic Times, 2012, para. 1).
The decision by the RBI was motivated by the need to stimulate the country’s economic growth by lowering the rate of inflation. Findings of a study conducted by the RBI revealed that the country’s economic growth had slowed considerably in 2011 compared to the previous year.
In 2011, India experienced an increment in the rate of inflation which was fueled by increment in the price of commodities such as food and fuel (Ro, 2011, para.1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, from December 2011, India has experienced a significant decline in the rate of inflation as a result of the cut in the lending rate (Daily News, 2012, para. 3). This has arisen from the fact that cutting the lending rate is reviving investment and hence promoting employment (The Economic Times, 2012, para. 2).
Despite the measure taken by the RBI, some of the public and private-owned banks such as the State Bank of India are not willing to cut the lending rate sooner. These banks argue that they are experiencing narrow profit margins, threat of increased bad debts and high-cost of long term deposits (The Economic Times, 2012, para. 2).
As a result, they are not willing to follow RBI’s direction. Additionally, these banks argue that the tight cash conditions are making the deposits remain high thus preventing them from lowering their interest rate.
Similarly, from October 2011, Turkey reduced its overnight loans lending rate from 12.5% to 11.5%. Additionally, Turkey’s central bank also lowered its repo rate to 12%. The decision to lower the interest rate arose from an increment in the rate of inflation and currency deterioration.
Over the past year, the Turkish central bank has been reducing its lending rate. For example, from January 2012, the lending rate has been 7.5%. This has significantly enhanced the country’s economic growth despite the economic slowdown being experienced in Europe. Additionally, the cut in the lending rate is expected to enable country attain its 4% rate of economic growth during 2012 (Perker, 2012, para.1-3).
As a result of the previous economic meltdown both in the United States and the Euro zone, the People’s Bank of China resolved that it would reduce its interest rate with a margin of 25 basis points in order to revive the country’s economic growth. The Central Bank of China intended to achieve this by lowering the cash reserve ratio with a margin of 50 basis points.
The central bank intends to reduce the rate of interest from 6.56% to 6.06% during 2012. The downward adjustment in the rate of interest is expected to result into a decline in the rate of inflation during the 1st half of the country’s fiscal year (Financial Times, 2012, para. 1-4).
We will write a custom Essay on Money and Capital Markets: Turkey, India and China specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In summary, it is evident that a number of governments have incorporated monetary policies in their effort to stimulate their country’s economic growth. One of the monetary policy tools that they have incorporated entails open market operations which entail adjusting the lending rate. Turkey, China and India are some of the countries which have implemented this monetary policy.
As a result, they have successfully reduced their country’s rate of inflation. However, the effectiveness of this monetary policy in promoting economic efforts is limited by resistance by the commercial banks to cut the lending rate. Therefore, it is paramount of central banks to make it compulsory for commercial banks to cut their lending rate with the same margin that they reduce the interbank lending rate.
Reference List Daily News, 2012, Indian central bank cuts key interest rates. Web.
Financial Times, 2012, People’s Bank of China may cut interest rates this year to boost growth. Web.
Marthinsen, J, 2011, Managing in a global economy: Demystifying international macroeconomics, Cengage, New York.
Perker, E, 2012, Turkish central bank unexpectedly cuts upper lending rates: Yields slide. Web.
Ro, S, 2011, Indian central bank raises interest rates and cuts GDP growth forecast. Web.
Reserve Bank of Australia, 2012, About financial stability. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Money and Capital Markets: Turkey, India and China by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Economic Times, 2012, RBI cuts lending rate to prop economy: Home, auto, and corporate loans to become cheaper. Web.
The Times of India, 2012, State bank of India may not cut lending rates soon: Chairman. Web.
People Management: Honda Motorcycles and Scooters India LTD Proposal college essay help near me
Table of Contents Summary of the Case Study
Analysis of the Case Study of HMSI
Lessons from the Case Study
Summary of the Case Study This is a comprehensive case study which clearly explains historical, human resource management issues in the company – HMSI. HMSI carried out its management functions by basing on the two key beliefs. These beliefs are the respect for differences of individual labourers and what the company termed as the “three joys”. The company aimed at using these tools for promoting all its members.
Just like many other firms that are managed through the modern human resource management principles, HMSI also carried out performance appraisals on its employees. Workers were graded basing on a certain grade after which they were rewarded according to the respective grade scored. The study also explains the development of unionization activities in the company.
These activities emerged because of the differences between the employees and management as regarding the human resource policies and implementation. The union activities took a long course. They resulted in attempts to use dispute resolution methods like reconciliation to resolve the problems. However, some of these problems escalated to violent confrontation.
This forced the intervention of the government to stop the violence and provide a strong foundation on which a mutual agreement was built.
The study explained how the unions and management of the company adapted and coped after the agreement of stopping hostility between employees and management of HSMI was reached. Finally, the study discusses the lessons that were learnt by the company and how it can utilize these lessons as it focuses on the future management.
Analysis of the Case Study of HMSI Company data, history and records; are distinguished when it comes to betterment of the existing human resource management policies (Malonis, 2000). This study gives a deep insight of the management activities in HIMSI since its inception. When a firm faces challenges, the management should make decisions which will help in sorting out the constraint facing the firm.
The decisions that are made need to be well thought and widely consultative; otherwise, they are likely to cause more friction in the organization. Any change in an organization must be followed by restructuring decisions to aid in enforcing it. A clear example is the decisions that were made by the president of HMSI in the year 2005 when the company.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The president wanted to see the company embarking on an expansion program that was a bit aggressive which could see the company regains its operation as was before the constraints (Saini, Management Development Institute (Gurgaon), and University of Hong Kong, 2006).
Confrontation in organizations can be as a result of the failure to attend to the seemingly small grievances which later escalate to crises. One of the major functions of the management of companies is the identification of issues from either within or without the company which can result to divisive conflict in the organization.
Crisis results in the loss of productivity (Moffitt, Bordone and Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School, 2005). The 2005 conflicts in HMSI resulted in the loss of sales of up to 1.3 million Rupees (Saini, Management Development Institute (Gurgaon), and University of Hong Kong, 2006).
More often than not, restructuring is used to regain the image and the grounds of the organization more so in the aftermath of a crisis. Restructuring aims at having a total overhaul of the organization by changing a number of operations and organizational identities for instance changing the name, logo, packaging and branding of products among many other strategies.
As mentioned earlier, the restructuring strategies must be systemic and deliberated on by the entire organization. Failure of doing so by the management is likely to escalate the problem already at hand (Armstrong, 2006).
The management of firms increasingly understand the need to expand the operational capacity of their firms by expanding into new operational areas by way of opening subsidiary firms. HMSI began its operations in the year 1999 as a subsidiary firm of the Honda Motor Company Limited which is headquartered in Japan. The subsidiary firms often operate basing on the operational principles of their mother companies.
As part of its expansion programme, HMCL has opened more than 130 firms across the world HMSI being one of these firms. Performance appraisal has become an integral part of managing employees in organizations.
We will write a custom Proposal on People Management: Honda Motorcycles and Scooters India LTD specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is one way of making employees feel appreciated by the company for their efforts. HMSI recognized the need for this and put in place such a system. However, this system had its own flaws which mostly resulted from the way it was implemented (Armstrong, 2006).
Lessons from the Case Study Most management of companies come up with different initiatives, which aim at improving the performance of their organizations. With the realization that workers are often the most significant assets for firms, the initiatives of management mostly centre on workers. When workers are satisfied with the organization, they raise their input, which automatically spills over to the general output of the firm.
However, all human resource initiatives in organizations must be employee centred. The employees must be actively engaged and or involved in formulating these policies or initiatives as these initiatives directly affect them (Robert, 2011).
Failure to engage employees in the plans of the organization is likely to have grave consequences in the organization just as was the case with HMSI management and its employees. Before a performance appraisal programme is run by the organization, employees must be notified and trained on the assessment procedures and the importance of such a programme.
Most modern labour laws allow employees to join labour unions. These unions act as tools of negotiation with the management of organizations. Organizations must recognize these unions and formulate proper channels of negotiating with these unions in order to avoid bitter confrontations (Robert, 2011).
Dispute resolution has thus become a vital part of the function of management. Organizations, with the aim of surviving in the competitive industry must be aware of this. They must craft exhaustive channels of resolving disputes with their employees.
Communication is a vital entity for the management of firms especially so the subsidiaries. Cultural noise can negatively hinder the performance of a firm in the country where it is located because of cultural disparities that come in between communication.
Thus, it is important for the company staff to receive mentorship on the culture of the business destination. The company will have to consider this as it expands into new destinations globally (Marieke
Product Innovation in Business Organizations Report best essay help
Product innovation in a business organization requires team work. Product innovation is a project, which requires different team members to play different roles. The organization of the team and communication among team members during innovation is crucial to the success of the team. Effective organization requires that team members with the most suitable skills to work on the innovation project be selected.
The teams should also be multi-disciplinary in nature incorporating members from operation department, technical marketing and sales. Members from these various disciplines are required to cooperate when working as a team in order to eliminate communication barrier that may be brought by conflict of interest.
The innovation team is supposed to work on the project from its initiation to the end and remain accountable. The project should also have a leader who will be responsible for the implementation of the ideas behind the project, and project teams should accountable for the outcome of the project.
However, for the project to succeed, the project team should have an effective communication system. An effective communication system can be realized through a centralized information sharing system. This helps multiple teams work simultaneously on the same idea even if they are at different locations.
To ensure that the product teams are communicating well, a business organization should make sure that the information received by product teams are relevant to the current project they are working on and in harmony with the decisions of the organization. Effective communication among product teams also requires that the information passed to the product team to be accurate especially with regard to the potential cost of the project.
Product development teams should, therefore, not be supplied with information outside their area of interest because this has the potential distorting the decision process. Effective communication among product teams also requires that these teams should be provided with exhaustive information, especially during the initial stages of product development.
Good communication in product development teams also requires that the business organization to ensure communication and collaboration between the firm and its customers. This is because new products in a company are normally developed on behalf of the customers. Prototyping is another method that can be used to ensure the product teams communicate well.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Prototyping refers to the process of representing the product being developed. Prototypes enable communication between product designers in an organization and consumers. This ensures that the product design team accurately captures the needs of customers in their design to avoid rejection of the product after it is complete.
Another important characteristic of shared information system is that this system needs to be cost effective in order to enable easy communication among product development teams. The communication system used by product development team should also be efficient when it comes to gathering information.
Shared information systems enable product development teams to make accurate decisions by providing analysis tools and information models. A good information sharing system also reduces risks by enable efficient risks assessment based on the information gathered.
Teamwork in product development that is integrated with effective communication has the potential of encouraging constant innovation in a company through product development. Basically, a shared information system should be in a position to supply relevant information, minimize risks, and ensure the objective of the product development teams is met.
Business and economics: The organic food sector Report (Assessment) essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Trends in the sector The organic food sector has grown tremendously in the last two decades. This is attributable to various factors such as the changing dietary habits among the masses. The change has resulted in an increased demand for organic food. Studies have linked several cancerous ailments to the consumption of genetically modified food (GMF).
Fear among the masses has resulted in a significant proportion of the people reverting to organic food. This has driven the demand for organic food upwards over the last two decades. Companies that deal with such products have experienced relentless growth in demand for their merchandise. This trend is expected to persist as the public becomes aware of the nutrition value of organic food stuffs.
Entities in this sector will raise customers’ awareness on the nature of their commodities. Raising awareness that their commodities are organic will resonate well with their potential clientele. Overall, entities in this sector will market their commodities on the basis that they are organic. Thus, they possess more nutritive value than inorganic products (Dunn-Georgiou 34).
Porter’s model The increase in demand has resulted in a robust organic food industry. Growth of the organic food industry has various implications on the firms or entities that operate in it (Dimitri and Greene 7). Michael Porter’s model seeks to analyse how various factors impact on an organization’s future.
These environmental factors include rivalry among firms in the sector, entry of new firms, the bargaining ability of the clientele, the bargaining capability of the suppliers and the threat posed by substitute commodities. The lucrative nature of this industry has attracted new investors (new entrants). New entrants are a threat to entities in the organic food industry.
Firms can bar new entrants by raising the cost of entry into the sector. Nevertheless, there are no such costs that may prevent entry of new firms. Subsequently, new organizations have become a real threat to companies in the organic food sector. The entry of new firms has increased the number of players involved in the sector. This has bred rivalry.
Rival companies spend funds as they pursue dominance in a sector or guard their market segment. The rivalry may translate to slashing of prices to unsustainable levels. Such a strategy will result in the powerfulentity driving weaker firms out of business. Though such a strategy is unethical, it is utilised by entities seeking a monopolistic status.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Once an entity attains a monopolistic status, it is always a threat to other smaller firms. Another threat to firms in this sector is their clients. If customers have a bargaining capability over the companies, entities in this sector will have to lower prices.
This will result in lower revenues for firms in this sector. Lower revenues lead to reduced profitability for firms and investors. If such a trend persists, many firms or investors may pull out of the sector.
Suppliers are a vital component in any industry. They provide inputs that entities in this sector process for sale to clients. They pose a certain threat to organizations in this sector. If the suppliers’ bargaining capacityrises, they will charge more for their inputs. This will have several implications on the firms that operate in this sector. These firms will encounter higher costs of operations.
Hence, diminishing the profitability margin. Reduction in the profitability margin will trigger closure of entities that cannot break even. The final threat to firms in this sector is substitute goods. These are commodities that will deliver the same nutritional value as the food produced by the organic firms.
Commodities produced by entities in this sector are unique. Hence, substitute goods pose no real threat to entities that operate in this sector (Willerand Sorensen 65).
Creating a competitive advantage SWOT
The key strength of this sector is that it has created a unique niche, which non-organic food companies cannot take over. The market segment created by the organic food sector has been expanding rapidly. The expansion implies that the purchaser is informed of the kind of commodities sold by firms in this sector. This market segment has a massive potential as indicated by the statistics.
However, it will require the industry players to create awareness among the potential clientele. The masses are more willing to try out organic products owing to the effects of GMF. This presents a key opportunity for the industry. The firms in this sector should exploit this opportunity through advertising that creates awareness on the nutritional value of their products and absence of side effects.
We will write a custom Assessment on Business and economics: The organic food sector specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This industry also has weaknesses. The products sold in this sector require a lengthy time to grow while some are seasonal. This hinders all-year production, which is common in inorganic products. Finally, advertisements to dismiss the nutritional value of organic products may pose a serious threat to the success of firms in this sector (Milbrodt 132).
Based on the SWOT analysis, this industry’s competitive advantage lies in creating customer awareness on the nutritional value of organic products. Creating awareness will require elaborate promotions, which targetthe clients that are likely to shift their preferences based on timely promotions.
Works Cited Dimitri, Carolyn and Catherine Greene. Recent Growth Patterns in the U.S. Organic Foods Market. Washington D.C: Economic Research Service, 2002. Print.
Dunn-Georgiou, Elisha. Everything You Need to Know About Organic Foods. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing, 2002. Print.
Milbrodt, Carola. Organic Food Industry in China – Current State and Future Prospects. Muchen: Verlag Grin, 2005. Print.
Porter, Stanley and Jason Robinson. Hermeneutics: An Introduction to Interpretive Theory. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans, 2011. Print.
Willer, Helga and Neil Sorensen.The World of Organic Agriculture: Statistics and Emerging Trends 2008. New York, NY: Earth Scan Publishing, 2008. Print.
Nothing Gold Can Stay vs. Because I could not stop for Death Compare and Contrast Essay writing essay help
Table of Contents Frost’s “Nothing Gold Can Stay”
Dickinson’s “Because I Could Not Stop for Death”
Theme and Treatment
Symbolism and Paradox
Robert Frost’s poem “Nothing Gold Can Stay” and Emily Dickinson’s poem “Because I could not stop for Death,” abound in symbolism that depicts temporality of life. The time bound existence of all things is expressed through metaphoric symbolism in both the poems.
Dickinson presents this idea of temporality by personifying Death as a guard of worldly life and Frost presents nature in his distinctive style of a synecdochist to demonstrate how time changes everything.
Frost on one hand believes in mortality while Dickinson reestablishes her belief on death and immortality. The poems are similar in their belief that everything in life ends with time, however, Frost does not confirm to Dickinson’s idea of immortality.
This essay compares and contrasts the two poems to demonstrate the similarity in its theme of temporality but difference in stylistic and poetic content. In other words, the aim of the paper is to trace the similarities and differences of symbolism and temporality found in the two poems.
Frost’s “Nothing Gold Can Stay” First published in 1923, “Nothing Can Stay Gold” is a unique example of a short poem. This poem is just eight lines long and the diction is extremely simple. It is written in trimester lines that add to the poem’s extreme brevity and stylistic lyricism. The poem is usually categorized as a nature poem, and is full of paradoxical symbolisms.
The central theme of the poem is temporality and change. Frost recurrently emphasizes on the fact that things initially may seem vibrant but with time fades into oblivion. Therefore, the question of temporality or transience is central to the theme of this eight-lined poem. A line-by-line explication of the poem reveals that Frost has filled it with paradoxes that symbolize the central theme of the poem.
The very first line of the poem, “Nature’s first green is gold” shows that the paradox of life and death in nature. Green is the first color of spring that assures us of life; however, one may have observed that the very first color that nature bears is not green but a haze of golden yellow. Here Frost does not mean wealth by use of the word “gold,” rather uses it as a color.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Here the reface is again to the very first inception of life in spring when the color of green is not rich viridian but a light golden shade, which appears to be yellow. However, the first golden leaves of spring are awfully short-lived and changes to other shades. In the second couplet, Frost reinforces on another paradoxical observation of nature to demonstrate that the fading away of its initial beauty.
The second couplet describes the “early leafs a flower,” which describes when the leaves bloom out of the stem, curled against each other, shaped like a flower. This demonstrates the leaf’s early life is as beautiful as that of a flower.
However, they grow, as Frost says in, “only so an hour” and are transformed into their flattened shapes. The symbolism of the core idea of the poem is demonstrated with “gold”, “early leaf”, “flower”, “Eden”, and “dawn” . The poem, through its paradoxical imageries, presents the paradox of death in life.
The poem recounts the truth of life i.e. all things eventually ends; it narrates the development and failure, and birth and death in life. The emergence of the eventuality of Fall in the poem is explicitly symbolized with words like “sank” and “goes down”. The transience in life is emphasized and reemphasized in the poem.
The temporality of all things beautiful takes a bigger character when Frost writes about Adam and Eve in paradise and their eventual fall. Thus, he writes, “So Eden sank to grief” . This too symbolizes a transition as was done in case of a golden leaf transforming into a green leaf. Therefore, the paradoxes are juxtaposed against contrasting ideas to demonstrate a different anthology of life.
This emphasizes on the cycle of life, which moves and never stops. The poem ricochets in a sense of the demise, a fall that is abundantly found in nature. The eventual fall is the norm, the rule, the inherent order of nature that is metaphorically expressed in the poem .
Dickinson’s “Because I Could Not Stop for Death” One of the most famous anthologies by Emily Dickinson, “Because I Could Not Stop for Death” expresses the same theme of change as observed in Frost’s poem. A summary of the poem recounts that Death dressed as a gentleman suitor takes the narrator for a ride in his horse drawn carriage.
We will write a custom Essay on Nothing Gold Can Stay vs. Because I could not stop for Death specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The narrator appears relaxed with the presence of Death as they pass towns, schools, and other signs of humanity at an extremely relaxed pace. However, the poet intentionally juxtaposes such beautiful sites with the chilly dusk that evolves in the next stanza.
The narrator finds herself completely underdressed for the chill of the evening their journey ends at the burial stand where she was to be buried and in the final stanza, the anti-climax of the poem emerges when we come to know that the narrator has been dead for centuries and this rendezvous with death took place a long time back.
The final line of the poem demonstrates Dickinson’s belief in afterlife and reemphasizes that the horse’s head was a pointer towards an eternal life after death.
The central theme of the poem is change, which is found at its very core, and is symbolically demonstrated through a journey that ends abruptly with the cyclical nature of the movement of time: “We passed the setting sun … He passed us” . The change in the setting of the poem explicitly demonstrates in the alteration of the description from a pleasant ride through the afternoon to the “quivering and chill” symbolizing death.
The finiteness of life is expressed repeatedly in Dickinson’s poem demonstrating the transience and temporality of life. The cyclical nature of life demonstrated through the rising and setting of the sun and journey from a happy afternoon to the chill of the evening transforms the poem from a traditional journey-through- life poem, to a more complicated poem demonstrating the temporality and eventuality of life:
“Since then –‘tis centuries – and yet
Feels shorted than the day
I first surmised the horses heads
Not sure if you can write a paper on Nothing Gold Can Stay vs. Because I could not stop for Death by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Were toward eternity”
The paradox in the poem is the belief that Dickinson asserts, which is inevitability of death, but it is only through death, one can achieve immortality. The poem is more astounding as it gives a mere glimpse into the experience of death rather than providing an exploration of an idea of death.
The poem is rich with symbolism, as one of the main characters of the poem is Death (a personification of death) and Immortality (as another passenger in the carriage). The main theme of the poem is that life is a steady journey towards the eternal eventuality brought by death. This temporality and transience of life is reverberated through the poem.
Theme and Treatment The summary of the two poems presented at the beginning of the essay shows that the main theme of the two poems are similar i.e. temporality of life. Both Frost and Dickinson strive to present similar ideas of the eventuality of life. The temporal nature of all things beautiful is explicitly presented through both the poems.
In Frost’s poem, every line reflects the sentiment expressed in the final line “Nothing gold can stay”. Frost presents the idea of entropy in his poem, which dictates that all things deteriorate over time and thus moves from order to chaos. Therefore, all living things are destined to fatality and nothing remains eternally.
On the other hand, he presents the idea of cyclical movement of life as we see in nature. Life comes to full blossom in spring and then through the course of the year sheds its colors in autumn. Nevertheless, life returns to full glory in the next spring, repeating the cycle. Therefore, Frost uses the imagery of the natural process, as he describes in his poem, to reveal the real theme of transience and temporality.
Frost’s style in the poem is that of a photographer. He captures every image of nature to its precision – the golden leafs and the leaf flowers at birth. However, he recreates his photographs in paints of eventuality. The poem is a juxtaposition of the idea of life and death presented with the artistic ability of a painter to paint an image.
On the other hand, Dickinson’s poem speaks of immortality discoursed through the same course of transience. Life, as portrayed by Dickinson in “Because I could not wait for death,” presents the same temporality as portrayed by Frost. Human life is mutable and eventually embraces death.
But in the end, Frost looks at life that reoccurs through a perennial cycle of birth and death, while Dickinson moves towards a more permanent end by embracing immortality through death. Both the poets believe in deterioration of everything beautiful and lively, to death, but in the end, they differ in their perspective as one embraces immortality while the other encumbers into the continuous cycle of birth and death.
Symbolism and Paradox Both the poems abound in rich imagery and symbolism. Frost, however, believes that he is not a symbolist and rather prefers the title of a “Synecdochist” . A synecdoche is a figure of speech that represents a part for a whole and this idea is reverberated in Frost’s poem. He believes that nature represents “the entire system of things that gets represented in every particle” .
Therefore, the symbolism in Frost’s poetry is presented from style to the structure of the poems . The condensed metaphor used in poem “Nothing Gold Can Stay” present a brilliant description of the Nature’s true character at inception. Another important line of the poem that presents its theme, other than the last line is “Hardest hue to hold”.
Frost then compares the autumnal fall of the leaves with the fall of humankind in Eden. The episode of Adam and Eve plunged the human race from the life of immortality to one eventually perishes. Frost thus presents the idea of suffering and decay that eventually ends everything that is beautiful.
The poem is a synecdoche. The first five lines of the poem present the birth and fall of the minutest parts of nature. Frost describes the leaves at birth as golden and then compares them to flowers in order to establish the concrete, the symbols of something much bigger which is then entered with a significant “So” in the sixth line that presents the turn of the poem towards a bigger misery and fall – that of the humankind in Eden.
Therefore, Frost employs the imagery of the golden leaf and the flower shaped leaf and their change to symbolize the transient nature of life and the rise and fall of man, which is further exemplified with the episode of Adam and Even in Eden.
Emily Dickinson uses personification as a tool to symbolize the advent of death and immortality. The two themes of the poem, Death and then eventual Immortality achieved through death, are personified. Death is embodied as a courting gentleman while Immortality is personified as a passenger in Death’s carriage: “The carriage held just ourselves … And Immortality” .
The imagery in the poem presents the past to “clarify the infinite conceptions through the establishment of a dialectical relationship between reality and imagination” . Through the symbolism of death and immortality, Dickinson tried to present her philosophy of the interconnectedness and the “mutually determined” system of the finite (human life) and the infinite (immortality achieved through death) .
The presence of immortality after death is symbolized through the narrator who had died a long time ago but lives eternally to tell the story of her meeting with Death and Immortality. The paradox of the poem is apparent when the narrator tries to determine the extent of the immortality after death through temporal concepts such as “century” and “day”.
She states that “centuries” in the immortal life is “shorter than the day”, which is an earthly notion. Further Dickinson’s personification of Death as a gentleman becomes more striking as she described him in the most agreeable manner. However, in the fourth stanza Dickinson amalgamates the finite earthly life with the infinite death:
“The Dews drew quivering and chill –
For only gossamer, my gown –
My tippet – only tulle”
These lines represent the temporal existence of the narrator where her mortal qualities are affected by the “chill” of the “Dew”. In a way, the narrator tells the story of her temporal life from a higher position of immortality and literarily a higher awareness of everything.
Symbolically the poem talks of three stages of life – the school that represents childhood, “School, where children strove”; adulthood is represented through “Fields of gazing grain; and old age and eventually death is represented through “setting sun” .
Dickinson visualizes life as a play of childhood, adulthood, old age and death, and eventually immortality. Immortality freezes time. Therefore, the narrator symbolically uses the “horses head” as life, which is a walk towards eternity.
This is the point where Frost and Dickinson differ in their philosophies. Frost sees life as a never-ending cycle of being and fatality while Dickinson romanticizes death as the bearer of immortality that freezes time. The styles of the two poets are different in their treatment of temporality and change.
Frost shows change as a symbol for the transformation in the greater sorrows and miseries of life while Dickinson shows change as an alteration in the life of man towards his ultimate goal of embracing death. Even though, the themes of temporality and change are common in the two poems, Frost and Dickinson have disparate attitude towards life and death.
References Bagby, G. F. (1986). Frost’s synecdochism. American Literature, 58(3), 379-392.
Dickinson, E. (2010). Because I Could Not Wait for Death. In E. Dickinson, Dickinson: Selected Poems and Commentaries (pp. 62-63). New York: Harvard University Press.
Frost, R. (2005). Nothing Gold Can Stay. In J. Parini, The Wadsworth Anthology Of Poetry (p. 636). Toronto, Canada: Cengage Learning.
Quinn, M. B. (1966). Symbolic Landscape in Frost’s “Nothing Gold Can Stay”. The English Journal, 55(5), 621-624.
Shawa, M. N. (1991). Dickinson’s Because I could not Stop for Death. The Explicator, 50(1), 20-21.
Abraham and God Reflective Essay essay help: essay help
Abraham was faithful and obedient to God. God told him that He would be “the ancestor of a multitude of nations” (The New Revised Standard Version, Gen 17.4). God told him that He would become fruitful and, from His off-springs, kings would rise. The Lord made a covenant with Abraham and his future generations. Circumcision of the males would symbolize the covenant.
Moreover, the slaves and those people bought from other lands who belonged to his household were to be circumcised too. Male children would be circumcised on the eighth day after their birth. Through circumcision, even the slaves and foreigners would also be enjoined in the covenant. On the contrary, any male who refuses to get circumcised “shall be cut off from his people: he has broken my covenant” (Gen. 17.14).
We must obey God and keep His word so that He can continue to be with us, and our future generations. He has promised to increase us and make us fruitful, but there is a condition, we must cut off everything that might make the Lord unhappy with us. We are His children, and His covenant with us is everlasting.
The Lord promised to give Abraham a son through Sarah, His wife at her advanced age. God would bless her, and through her son, the Lord would raise nations. Abraham was tickled by that news, and he laughed asking himself if his wife would give birth at her old age. Sometimes, we may laugh at the promises of God and wonder how they will come to pass because so much time has passed.
However, we should keep our trust in God because everything He has promised, he will bring to pass. Our day of liberation might seem to have delayed for long, but it will come to pass and we will rejoice. We should not get tired of trusting in God and praying. Moreover, we ought to remember that our way is not a God’s way. Abraham thought God would bless him through his son Ishmael.
However, that was not the plan of God, “No, but your wife Sarah shall bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac” (Gen. 17. 19). Therefore, we should be open to any way that the Lord chooses for our liberation. Moreover, we should take action and act upon the word of God like Abraham did and he had all the males in his household circumcised. The cutting of the foreskin would be a visible reminder of God’s covenant.
Just as God had promised, Sarah bore a son named him Isaac. She was old, but she nursed a child. God revealed His power in enabling an old woman to conceive and become a mother. He shall give us our freedom and we will be filled with joy. Those who feel sad and hopeless that our situation will not change should look at Sarah giving birth at an old age and be encouraged that nothing is impossible with God.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After Sarah gave birth to Isaac, she started to feel disturbed by the presence of Hagar and Ishmael. She requested her husband to chase them away. She did not want to see Ishmael playing with her son Isaac. She also did not want him to inherit anything from his father. She wanted to be the only heir with her son. Abraham had to send her away even though he was distressed about it.
Sarah might have despised Ishmael because she had her own son, but God did not despise him and because he was a child of Abraham. “As for the son of the slave woman, I will make a nation of him also because he is your offspring” (Gen. 21. 13). Thus, even if you are despised and seen as unfit, God does not look at you that way. God loves you and He will honour His covenant to you.
God will overturn your misfortunes into blessings. After Hagar was sent away, she went to the wilderness of Beer-Sheba and her water ran out. She cried to God because she was afraid her son would die of thirst. God answers our cries and prayers as he asked, “What troubles you, Hagar? Do not be afraid for God has heard the voice of the boy where he is” (Gen. 21: 17). The Lord gave them water.
God was with the boy and made him a nation. We ought to depend on the Lord always and pray at our time of need because he will hearken to our prayers and send help to us. He did not abandon the chid of Hagar because she was a slave, but took care of him and he prospered.
Furthermore, God will protect you from your enemies or any person that rises against you. For instance, He protected Abraham’s well that Abimelech’s servants had seized. Remain hopeful in God and do not forget to pray; He will deliver you from your troubles, and keep His promises to you. Moreover, He will protect your property because He is an everlasting God and He will never changes.
Work Cited New Revised Standard Version. 1989. Web. Apr. 22. 2013. .
The TiVo Company Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The TiVo Company is a company that offers an avalanche of television solutions through a variety of solutions that make it possible for the viewer to enjoy an independent form of viewing. The pioneers of TiVo were Jim Barton and Mike Ramsay. The invention of the company-redefined entertainment in numerous ways as it delivered the promise of much hyped technologies.
TiVo is the pioneer of home entertainment and a creator of the first Digital Video Recorder (DVR). The largest part of the company’s business is in partnerships with leaders in technology and entertainment industry. Some of the company’s partners include Virgin, DirecTV, Hewlett-Packard (HP), among others.
The company partners with the aforementioned companies to provide its customers with branded boxes that incorporate the DVR technology synonymous with TiVo (Barton 28-35).
History, Development, and Growth of TiVo over Time The TiVo idea began to shape up in the late 1990’s with Ramsay and Barton working together to provide a project network in Orlando. This was necessitated by a joint venture between SGI and Time Warner that culminated in the creation of an interactive television system.
It took a short time for the pioneers to come into a realization that they could develop a similar system, which exhibited greater intelligence at a consumer friendly price. The system on their mind would be easier to use. Moreover, viewers would be capable of controlling television programming and timing. The aforementioned idea was the core part of TiVo genesis.
To transfer this idea to reality, Jim Ramsay and Mike Barton quickly assembled of a top-notch team that would facilitate delivery of the TiVo promise. Subsequently, TiVo blended Silicon Valley, Madison Avenue, and Hollywood together to create a television service that was personal and to enable the masses to access.
In 1999, this company unveiled the television service at consumers at an electronics show for national consumers. From this time, the company continues to work diligently to ensure that viewers enjoy better television. This feat has been achieved through teaming with industry leaders to foster changes in the manner that consumers can interact with and enjoy the television (Barton 29-36).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Following the launch of the first working TiVo prototype, at the 1999 show, and limited time for the completion of an authentic working product, Mike Ramsy dared the TiVo Company to ship the DVR by April 1999. This was to the thrill of everyone with many dubbing the effort ‘the Blue Moon’.
To deliver this promise, the team working on the idea had to dedicate time and effort with most of the members spending the entire March at the company’s premises. In March, TiVo rolled out the first box from the assembly point.
Following the launch of TiVo, the company has been made available in Mexico, Taiwan, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and Puerto Rico. The Cable CARD standard is incorporated in the new models of the company albeit limited in the United States (Chorianopoulos and Spinellis 50).
Internal Strengths and Weaknesses for TiVo TiVo uses patents to guard its products from imitation. These patents enable the company to operate effectively without the fear of imitations. Moreover, this strength has enabled the company to amass profits and ward off competition. Since its launch, the company has been conducting successful campaigns, which have enabled it to have a bigger market share relative to its competitors.
The company has internal strength in licensing technologies. Some of the companies that have such licenses are Toshiba, DirecTV, Pioneer, and Sony.
Furthermore, because TiVo integrates its technologies with the products of the aforementioned companies, TiVo is capable of necessitating the adoption of the future products for these industries. In return, this will facilitate the adoption of TiVo services. The company’s strength enables them to target the consumers effectively (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 28).
With regard to the company’s internal weaknesses, TiVo tends to rely on its partners. The company over reliance on its numerous partners is a weakness as this implies that the company trends are determined by the business trends of the partners. A slump in the sale of products by its partners implies that TiVo will experience a similar slump.
We will write a custom Report on The TiVo Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The company has a weakness because of the separation from its customers by its partners. Most of TiVo customers go through the company’s partners in case they want to seek clarification or launch complaints. This feat prevents TiVo from giving direct assistance to its customers as these customers go to the partners first.
In the light of this, there exists the need for the company to appoint directors who will influence the future direction of DVR. In addition, the TiVo gets core product components from a supplier. This is a weakness because the supplier can decide to charge higher prices to the detriment of TiVo’s productivity (Ferrell and Hartline 295).
The External Environment Surrounding the Company Constant changes are prevalent in the TiVo’s external environment and the industry in which the company operates. TiVo can formulate its strategies after accessing if the external environment favors its operations. There are general environmental factors that explain the nature of TiVo’s environment. These are global, social-cultural, demographic, political/legal, economic, and technological factors.
The youth in the United States are relatively more technologically knowledgeable than the older population. Consumer demographics of the TiVo Company are individuals aged 25-45 years. The company focuses on market of the individuals in their 30’s prior to designing services and products.
Since the company’s inception in 1999, the aforementioned age group has evolved into sophisticated user of technologies formulated by the likes of TiVo. Subsequently, this has compelled TiVo to increase breadth and depth of the available technology in the services and products (Ferrell and Hartline 295).
In the technological domain, understanding and use of DVR is rampant in the United States. Moreover, other countries embracing the DVR are at their introductory phases. Through technology, even the average homes have been rendered capable of imitating the basic functionality of DVR. Moreover, the cycle of television purchase has shortened because of technology updates, faster decline of prices.
TiVo technology of stand-alone televisions replicates a computer’s functionality. In the economic environment, the recent recession that rocked financial markets affected the company’s sales and was a blow to companies that sold luxury items. TiVo was among these companies because its DVR concept is not a necessity when watching or using a television (Chorianopoulos and Spinellis 49).
The economic turmoil translated to less income at the disposal of the consumers, which in turn was responsible for lack of purchase of luxury goods such as TiVo sets. Currently, the company is grappling with the effects of the recession with the customers being cautious buying luxury products.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The TiVo Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite predictions that the economy of the United States will continue exhibiting an upward trend, TiVo sales range from slow to moderate (Barton 30).
The political/legal environment affects the way the company conducts its operations. Currently, there exist numerous unsettled laws concerning intellectual property. The foci of these laws have been the ability of technology to alter shows. Legal issues with Internet use have also characterized the legal climate. Particularly, YouTube has been airing copyrighted material devoid of the owner’s permission.
Lawsuits on patents are currently going on in the technology front over the need to enforce patents. Furthermore, several bodies are charged with the responsibility of ensuring that current regulations and laws are enforced appropriately and involved companies are in compliance.
Generally, the political/legal environment surrounding TiVo’s operations is dynamic because of constant scanning and monitoring (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 294).
TiVo company’s global environment is characterized by two aspects, which are emerging markets and intellectual property rights. Enforcement of intellectual property legislation and copyright laws is marred with inconsistency in the entire global market.
Currently, the most vital aspect in this realm is the enforcement of such laws because technology is always reverse-engineered in countries like China and resold at lower costs in gray markets.
Moreover, new markets such as Brazil, China, and India are advancing and the DVR market is likely to expand with the middle and upper classes in these markets increasing in size and wealth. TiVo should be wary of these developments because they are globalization benefits that come with piracy risks and intellectual property infringement (Barton 29).
SWOT Analysis Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth (2006; 297) reveal that TiVo has numerous strengths with the demand of the DVR rising since the public understood and accessed the company’s technology.
With the television being pivotal in the American life, the strengths of this company are obvious. The company has strength in increased subscriptions particularly in the United States because no other country has surpassed large television viewing than the United States.
Factor conditions in the United States are sources of strength for this company. The company has access to capital from well-established corporate banks and private individuals. The entrepreneurial culture in the United States guarantees the company knowledgeable workforce, which cannot be replicated in other countries.
Communications infrastructure in the United States is an advanced factor and a source of strength for the company. Most of the homes in country have telephone lines and televisions, which are sources of demand for the company (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 297-298).
The company is supported by various industries. Because the company makes products complementary to the televisions, in case the aforementioned broadcasting companies offer poor programming quality, TiVo’s uses will decline.
The company has a market characterized by intense rivalry; Comcast and EchoStar are some of the competitors as they offer generic DVR. Replay TV has also been a major competitor in the stand-alone concept. This competition compels the company to evolve and cut costs while making innovations to its products (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 297-298).
Opportunities and Threats Currently, TiVo has an avalanche of opportunities. The DVR industry is rising and analysts expect an increase in the number of consumers. Promotion and advertising is a good opportunity for TiVo. The marketing aspect of sponsoring products is an opportunity that will enable TiVo Company to enjoy a larger market share. TiVo has a tempting opportunity in the global market.
The United States is among many countries that enjoy viewing the television. These countries can also provide a larger consumer base for the products of this company. When the company becomes more stable and gains wider acceptance in the United States, control over the foreign markets will be the next move for this company (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 233).
Despite the numerous opportunities for TiVo Company, the DVR industry has a fair share of threats. Satellite and cable providers are threatening the success of this company by producing generic units. An example is DISH networks that have introduced a generic unit that has been subscribed to by many consumers.
Imitations from other companies are exhibiting highly advanced technology than that of the TiVo products. Comcast cable is a company that conducts campaigns aimed at increasing the awareness of the technology used by Comcast but TiVo enjoys the dominance in DVR industry (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 297-298).
The stand-alone concept in television boxes will soon be rendered obsolete. The integration of DVR into set-top boxes will soon phase out the stand-alone concept. The latter has about a quarter of TiVo’s subscriptions. Barriers to entry are low in the market that TiVo is involved.
Nevertheless, the entry of big competitors should be a source of concern, as these competitors will offer more innovative products, cheaper products, and products that can be used with ease.
TiVo may struggle to hold on to its market if it fails to differentiate itself through low prices for its products (Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth 338). According to Albarran, Chan-Olmsted and Wirth (2006; 298) the DVR industry has been consolidated. Consumer who gets cheap DVR units from rivals will seldom decide to buy from TiVo, notwithstanding the add-on’s and features provided by the company.
Corporate-Level Strategy by TiVo The corporate level determines the way resources are allocated in the company. The TiVo Company defines its markets based on the age, income, and preferences of the consumers. This strategy has been of great importance to the company because the targeted market segment consists of individuals with high income and technologically knowledgeable.
Through corporate strategy, the company has decided recently to diversify their market through entry into other countries. The company continues to improve the technological features of its products to maintain and expand their market. The numerous partnerships made by the TiVo Company are core part of the company’s corporate level strategy.
These strategic alliances are necessary, as the company cannot manage to venture into the technology and communications industry on its own. Directors at the company set high standards for its officers and employees. These standards are implicit in the philosophy of good corporate governance. The directors have the responsibility of ensuring that the targets of the shareholders are met (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 117).
Business-Level Strategy The business-level strategy used by the TiVo Company can be accessed upon a closer look at the company’s demographics, consumption patterns, lifestyle choices, and industrial characteristics among other factors. As mentioned earlier, TiVo focuses on customers aged between 25-45 years. These customers are technologically knowledgeable and have the capacity to buy TiVo products despite its high prices.
The lifestyles choices of the individuals in this age bracket are more on luxury and entertainment goods. On the other hand, the industry in which TiVo operates is highly dynamic because of technological preferences.
The TiVo Company adopts a business strategy of ensuring that the customers are equipped with the latest television strategy. Through partnership with major players in the broadcasting industry, the company can cater for the preferences of its consumers (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 29).
The Business level strategy used by this company limits consumer base through the high prices that are charged for its products. Although the company enjoys a better market relative to its competitors, charging lower prices can guarantee a wider market. The five forces model by porter can also explain the business strategy adopted by this company. The company’s strategy has been largely influenced by the influx of major competitors.
Manager must continue to formulate newer strategies to ward off the competitors. Rivalry is rife in the entertainment industry. Price wars have exacerbated rivalry and determine the strategies to be adopted by the company and its competitors. With regard to substitute products, the company operates in a market with few substitutes (Ireland, Hoskisson and Hitt 29).
Structure and Control Systems The structure of the TiVo Company comprises of board of directors that determine the direction of the company. Other teams involved in the company’s operations are the Research and Development (R
View of Boston Bombing Descriptive Essay essay help online
The world got astonished by the attack during the Boston marathons last week. A huge number of people had turned up looking forward to a great day in the world of sports, fans had dressed in various colors and gamblers had already put bets on who was to win. No one was prepared for a terrorist attack except for the police, who were there to keep peace but who were not expecting a thing to go wrong.
Sniffer dogs were everywhere but the terrorist or the group of terrorists managed to trick all the enforcers of peace. The first round was okay, and fans were busy humming, cheering Capella in jubilation.
The atmosphere was filled with an aura of happiness just before the unexpected happened. The first blast spread panic among people around, while the second signified hysteria; people started to run helter-skelter, and it was upon the emergency workers to save the day.
The police tried to push the crowd away from the sight, while the doctors in all hospitals dropped their appointments to cater for the many affected by these terrible blasts. The firefighters took their trucks with a mission to rescue those affected. Sirens could be heard as the ambulances were driving fast towards the sight ready to ferry the injured to the awaiting doctors.
The military also joined in trying to usher the crowd away from the sight and give way to the firefighters. However, people got confused and critical time was wasted during the operation. When one of the soldiers was interviewed, he stressed on public education in regards to ‘how to act when faced with an emergency.’ The soldiers resorted to tearing down the fence to give way for the estranged crowd.
Bodies and body parts were scattered all over the place, the injured could be heard moaning in pain. Mothers didn’t know where their children were and vice versa.
Some emergency workers who had quickly arrived for the rescue operation were also affected, since their families included those who had attended the celebrated event. “As much as these emergency workers are professionally trained, it does not stop them from being human” (Kalman 122). They are just men and women who have dedicated their lives to save others.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Resources were a major challenge; as much as the paramedics were prepared to give first aid to the injured, there weren’t enough ambulances on the site. It was also reported that in one of the hospitals a doctor was handling more patients than it was allowed. Thus, the government should think about increasing the number of medics.
The bomb squad didn’t have enough equipment to find the cause of the blast or to prevent another. Most people at the scene were expecting the third attack; it was only out of sheer luck that it didn’t occur. If only these men and women had all the equipment they needed, maybe the three who died would have lived to tell their story.
“It is only when disaster strikes that we realize how unprepared we are; thus every disaster should be treated as a warning of what may happen caught up again in a maze of unpreparedness” (Kalman 158).
We may not prevent a bomb from detonating, but are we prepared well enough to save the lives of those affected? If the emergency rescue workers had enough resources, maybe the number of casualties in either natural or fabricated disasters would be less. At the same time, if only the public was taught how to react in case of an emergency situation, maybe rescue workers would have an easier time.
Works Cited Kalman, Bobbie. Hospital Workers in the Emergency Room. USA: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2005
Kalman, Bobbie. Emergency Workers Are on Their Way! USA: Crabtree Publishing Company, 2005
Management Consultancy Project Annotated Bibliography essay help: essay help
Annotated List of Books and Articles Gothberg, H. (1991). Time Management in Public Libraries: A Study of Public Libraries. Public Libraries, 30(6), 350–377
The author of this article discusses various procedures, established in public libraries. This study shows how public administrators can make the work of public libraries more time-efficient.
Impacts of the ‘War on Terror’ on Human Rights Analytical Essay college essay help online
Introduction The very legacy of war of any kind is its disregard for human rights. The September 11 attacks on the United States’ commercial hubs in New York and Washington provoked America and allies to launch an international offensive to counter the growing threat by terror groups. However, the decision to launch a global war on terror has had its fair share of both negative and positive ramifications on international human rights (Ishay 2004, p. 364).
Combating political or religious extremist networks of any magnitude has had a series of restrictions, infringements, and violations of human rights in unprecedented scale. In the wake of war on terror, numerous countries have had to contend with arbitrary restriction on civil liberties in a nefarious effort to rid the world of extremist groups.
Human rights watch document these scenarios across all nations primarily considering the US Patriotic Act, Intelligence Cycle, and the rights of detainees as being complicit in the quest for human rights (Human Rights Watch 2015). War on terror brings forth a new global context that emboldens forces of repression to take drastic tall on international human rights. The language of war on terror evokes a strong passion to justify violation of human rights of even ordinary populations with no or concerted intent to cause mayhem.
Tracing the roots of terrorism: Jihad in Islam and other perspectives Jihad is a widespread text authored by one of the most influential and highly celebrated Islamic scholars of the twentieth Century, Sayyid Maudoodi. Maudoodi was a man of various facets, doubling as a philosopher, journalist, theologian, and political activist. In 1941, for example, he claims credit for the establishment of the Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan and India an ideology that re-energised the spread of Islam.
This political movement was dedicated to advocating for the establishment of untainted Islamic states in the regions governed by Sharia law (Huzen 2008, p. 33). Rather than view Jihad from a personalised, parochial view of Islam, Maudoodi view of Jihad according to Sharia law entails at the top of its priority: Family relations, socio-economic and political administration, judicial systems of the Muslim world that guarantee the laws of peace and war in diplomatic relations as well as duties and rights of citizens.
Succinctly, Jihad under the Sharia law seeks to embrace all the confluences of life. Accordingly, Sharia law aims to achieve a comprehensive scheme of life by striving to embrace and restore social order defined by the abundance of life and richness of the people (Kelsay 2007, p. 57). To the rest of the population, Jihad evokes conflict and war and it is the defining factor for making Islam to have the least reception in the minds of such opponents.
The interpretations about Jihad in several traditional Islamic jurisdictions may have been correct for their own precise classical context, nevertheless today as the entire structure crumbles, the international relations continue to wallow, and global world have undergone great alterations, it seem difficult to understand the usefulness of Jihad in today’s context.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Islamic extremists view Jihad as an Islamic holy war whose meaning is attributable to struggle as the foundation of its creed. Jihad as a popular Islamic practice emanates from the word Juhd meaning struggling in the way of Allah. Jihad therefore denotes striving to make the kingdom of Allah profound by bringing up Allah’s word of which all Muslims have an entitlement to protect Islam as a holly religion.
The confusion in the conceptualisation of Jihad is partly responsible for the continue rise of extremist groups that are currently terrorising the world. According to Kelsay (2007, p 36), Jihad, therefore, is reminiscent of a revolutionary act, a struggle to the utmost exertion, which the radicalised Islamic opinion brought into play in achieving their objectives.
With the already radicalised mind-set of the Muslim world, the Islamic extremists sought to destroy all governments and destabilise all states that were less receptive to or opposed to Islamic ideology and programmes.
The resolve of Islam was therefore, to set up states based on the ideology and programming of the Islamic opinion, regardless of which states become receptive of the Islamic ideologies (Huzen 2008, p. 42). The most indoctrinated feature of the Jihadist as a movement was to roll out a programme that ensures no state undermined Islam.
Tracing the roots of war on terror: Iraq’s inversion of Kuwait The Iraq’s disastrous inversion of Kuwait on 2 August 1990 sent shockwaves to all corners of the world with America feeling the pinch technically. For America, this was not only an insult to regional tranquillity, but also pronounced domestically as bearing disastrous future to the region and the world. President George H. W. Bush particularly saw Iraq’s aggression as a proven determination to destabilise the international system and to cause a humanitarian crisis in unprecedented scale.
Bush in his official capacity as president condemned the inversion and spoke of it in bitter tones, often comparing Saddam Hussain, the Iraqi leader, to Adolf Hitler of Germany (Hinnebusch 2007, p. 10). The Bush’s administration saw a need to find a solution to this unnecessary aggression and in time became certain that the best answer to Iraq was a military action. War, according to President Bush, was the only language that Saddam would understand best.
As a result, the Bush Administration went ahead to build international coalition for a popular Iraq subduction. Not only was international inversion necessary in totality. The Bush administration saw the character of Bagdad as an opportunity to reinforce the international community. As the events unfolded, the international community knew Iraq’s intention; Bush in countenance to Iraq’s defiance mobbed a popular vendetta to quash Iraq at a most opportune moment.
We will write a custom Essay on Impacts of the ‘War on Terror’ on Human Rights specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Coming shortly after the United States’ opposition to Iraq’s interference in Kuwait, the United Nations Security Council stated their condemnation in the assault for its proclivity to human rights violations (Hinnebusch 2007, p. 22). However, in just a span of a week, the UN, and the international community slapped Iraq with a widespread sanction. The unanimous actions directed to Iraq by the international community passed out as the strongest show of unity against repression.
The Just-War Concept Whether it was by design or default, the Gulf war was, and still perceived as a moral victory for the American people and the world in general. In this war, supremacy loomed large and the forces of deceit led by Saddam Hussein were just about to subdue world peace. The Gulf conflict as Hinnebusch (2007, p. 24) notes was a war, designed, orchestrated, and executed by the very forces who have never wanted the good for humanity, forces that are itched by peace and commonality of purpose.
The United States’-led coalition against Iraq’s forces not only proved Saddam’s actions as inhumane, but also as a mark of contempt and imprudent disregard for truce as has always been fronted by the United Nations. Perhaps Saddam’s rejection to commit to popular practices that mitigate the chances of war is what majority of the people cling to as a defence for their submission of justness in the subjugation of Iraq in the Gulf conflict.
For some time now, the just-war concept has been instrumental in dictating the efficacy of going to war or not, and once consented, the demeanour of the combatants are unquestionable hence the collapse of human rights in wars against terror. It is conceivable that after the defeat of Saddam Hussein, the undercurrents of the Gulf war regrouped to form a formidable terror group for yet another onslaught (Ludvig 2014, p. 384).
In the context of the 21st century, war on terror has had some positive human rights consequences though. For example, Afghanistan has been able to shrug off from the Taliban regime. Apart from that, the on-going conflict resolution processes in Sri Lanka continues to strengthen humanitarian perspectives in the region. War on terror has greatly constrained Pakistani’s support for Kashmiri terrorists groups. Most often, though, considered on a balanced scale, the global war on terror has had negative impacts on human rights.
Patriot Act and Federal Powers The USA Patriot Act, came into force in 2001 as the most sweeping enactment following the 9/11 attack. At the behest, the presumption of the act rested on its uniting and strengthening ability to provide among other things, appropriate tools necessary to intercept and thwart terrorism. As an effective homeland security commitment to ensure the safety of the American people, the Patriot Act aimed to restore order through surveillance and rapid tracking response including seizures and detention of suspected terrorist agents.
In the aftermath of the 9/11 attack, President Bush together with the Attorney General John Ashcroft effectively rallied the Congress to increase the federal powers of search, seizures, surveillance, as well as detention of suspects (Etzioni 2004, p. 175). In the meantime, the concerns of domestic liberties were put away deliberately as the act unanimously got support from both the Democratic and Republican divide.
Among the key features of the Patriot Act included the Roving Wiretaps, which allowed the federal agency to wiretap any telephone conversations that terror suspects and agents might use to penetrate the security systems. In the course of all these developments, the federal agency became more consistent in the use of internet tracking as a means of fast tracking internet communication.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Impacts of the ‘War on Terror’ on Human Rights by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The law enforcement authorities therefore had the capacity to interfere directly in the personal accounts of individuals using the internet without necessarily having to obtain warrants for such impersonations.
The Patriot Act also guaranteed the federal authorities the right to order for business records for private and public companies for litigation scrutiny and auditing by the federal authorities. In so doing, federal investigators were able to access information and communications from consumer purchases, bank records, credit cards, libraries as well as schools, and colleges.
Moreover, the Act instituted a special Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court with the capacity to issue search certifications at the request of an investigator to launch terrorist investigation on foreign visitation to America (Panetta 2014, par. 3). In addition, the Aliens Reporting and Detention Act authorises the Federal authorities to require reportage by foreign persons vising America and those found to be in America illegally risked detention and arrest without warrant.
Within the tenets of keeping with the traditions of the Patriotic Act, the federal authorities could seize the property or obstruct such logistics of suspected terrorists. Individuals whose property fall victim of the rule bear the duty of proof that the property in question was not for the purpose of terrorism and the provision also guaranteed no claim.
The detention laws allowed the federal authorities to detain suspected terrorists and agents for lengthy periods during which interrogation and effective investigation for such persons will take place. The federal authorities became effective in fast tracking the indigenous American citizens from terrorist connections.
Patriot Act instituted prohibition against harbouring terrorists as a duty to thwart the emergent terrorist networks in America and other parts of the world. Harbouring individuals who have committed a felony amounting to terror and or are about to commit such acts of terrorism therefore became highly constrainable by the federal authorities.
In retrospect, the Patriot Act unleashed a tall order for the various institutions charged with the security of the American populations. In achieving the objectives of the Patriot Act, the American citizens became more involved in ensuring the smooth passage of the Act by showing a commitment to thwart terrorism (Panetta 2014, par. 5). Terror suspects and agents by contrast carry the greatest responsibility for their crimes as provided for by the Patriot Act.
Intelligence Cycle Intelligence cycle denotes all the activities that are within the intelligent cycle niche. Usually, these include processes that guarantee useful decision-making for a given information. As the name suggests, Intelligence Cycle is a set of processes that includes planning, data analysis and evaluation, as well as integration and information dissemination.
The war against terrorism, therefore, passes out as a moral victory not only for the American people but also for all the populations of the world. It is a proof of America’s decency to the use of power proportionately. It is a demonstration that with America as the world’s military power and intelligence might, all nations get protection against aggressors and transgressors such as Osama Bin Laden whose extremism ideologies were increasingly making the world more insecure.
Ethics entailed in war on terror Ethical and moral intelligence seeks to nurture principles of just intelligence by creating theories capable of answering many ethical concerns while emphasising on the classical metaphysical laws developed over the years. No clear theory seem to conjoin community intelligence studies to the just war theory as provided for in the military ethics.
The main forms of ethics within the study of wars on terror consist of fundamental freedoms, rights, and utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, as Moyn, Andrew, and Elizabeth (2010, p. 37) note, defines the priorities of principles and explore whether such principles conflict with those of others in practice or not.
Utilitarianism, rights, and freedoms ideologies are applicable as a single comprehensive concept of justice that assents to fairness and equal treatment for all without seeking to put individual interest above all others in any way (Cohen 1997, p. 5). These ethical principles are applicable in a broad spectrum and significance in ensuring that the least the law does not apply by default to certain individuals.
These ethics, therefore, presents the image of justice and equity concept that aims to political liberalism among individuals and within their societies without necessarily infringing on others’ freedoms or liberties. As Arneson (2000) notes, intelligence’s concept of justice as fairness envisages a society of free citizens with equal rights whose main desire is to work in harmony within a democratic and free economic systems.
Intelligence account of fair and equal treatment for all is a version of political liberalism that concerns the legitimate application of political power in an egalitarian (Arneson 2000). As noted herein, intelligence’s pedagogy of fair and equal treatment for all is a demonstration of how enduring unity is achievable even under the multifaceted worldviews that democratic institutions are capable of offering (Blake