Introduction The contemporary business world is characterized by a high level of competition. Various individuals and groups have engaged in conducting business. This builds up the level of competition as businesses engage in the production of relatively the same goods and services.
This therefore calls for application of strategic measures to keep pace with the competitive market situation. For the sake of this assignment, I will give a critical analysis of Microsoft Company. Much emphasis will be given to aspects such as the company’s overview and the industry of its operation, the company’s major business lines and the company’s competitive strategy and market position. Finally, the company’s use of Information Technology for competitive advantage will be highlighted.
Description of the Company and the Industry in Which It Competes Microsoft is a well known company. It was founded in 1975 by Bill Gates. The company came into being following combined ideas from Bill Gates and Paul Allen, individuals who had interest in computers and programming in particular. The company started as a small organization whose operations were only local. It was later that Bill Gates developed the idea of programming languages and tried some applications that became successful although initially faced with some challenges (Kumar, 2010).
It was in 1976 that the Microsoft Company was registered in Mexico City. The company picked so well and this enhanced its growth and development. It was not after long that the company was in a position to extend its operations, selling its products locally as well as internationally. The company grew day by day and developed more advanced and desirable programming languages such as FORTRAIN and COBOL (Kumar, 2010).
The growth of the company was accelerated by an increase of Personal Computers’ manufacturers in the market. This increased the demand for Microsoft products and hence the need for Microsoft Company to enhance its production strategies to meet the demand. It for instance started an office in Japan in 1978.
From this time there was emergence of new developments that put the company at a better position in the market. A major development was that of MS DOS, which paved way to other advanced programs like the windows. It was in the year 1982 that Microsoft Corporation changed its name to Microsoft Inc (Kumar, 2010).
Microsoft operates in the software industry. It provides a lot of products and services that are aimed at satisfying the needs of customers in the software industry. In addition to this, the company has diversified its operations in other fields in an effort to enhance its competitive advantage.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This includes Microsoft games which have gained considerable application among people. The industry in which Microsoft operates is highly competitive mainly because of the effects of technological developments making it a necessity to be extremely alert to capture and implement everything new in order to satisfy the ever changing demand of the market. The industry is also characterized by new entries as people and groups wish to be as successful as Microsoft Company (Kumar, 2010).
To deal with the competition, Microsoft has engaged in production of products that are of high quality. The company also engages in strategies that are geared towards improving the quality of its products every now and then to satisfy the changing demands of the market. This has been made possible through research and development programs. This is an effort that has bore positive fruits for example attraction of a lot of customers and maintaining their loyalty.
Description of the Company’s Major Business Lines Microsoft is involved in provision of a wide range of products and services to its customers. The major line of business is however in the provision of software related products and services. The company is involved in the provision of servers, office, hardware, windows live, software, Microsoft store and mobile devices among others. Apart from being involved in provision of products, Microsoft has also invested a lot in services provision.
Some of the services include, Skype, Microsoft advertising and Microsoft Online services among others (Microsoft, 2011). The provision of these products and services has been the main source of profit to the company. This in turn helps in placing the company in a good position in the market as it is an indication of good performance, an aspect that is desired by all organizations as well as customers.
Generally, Microsoft have performed relatively well over the past years. This has led other companies to desire to utilize the company’s production strategies in an effort to excel in their business operations. This has greatly increased the level of competition in the industry thus necessitating that Microsoft engage in even more strategic measures.
A major threat is for example the Linux program which has gained a lot of favour from the customers. However, plans are underway to upgrade Microsoft’s products and enhance it services in order to maintain its competitiveness compared to other companies in the industry. This will be made possible through extensive research.
Description of the Company’s Competitive Strategy and Market Position Different companies have different competitive strategies and thus they secure different market positions in the market. Microsoft is competitive enough in its industry of operation and it has secured a good position in the market. Various aspects have been attributed to it competitiveness. For instance, its management is a source of its competitive advantage.
We will write a custom Essay on Microsoft Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is quality leadership at Microsoft. Bill Gates is the company’s chairman while Steve Ballmer is the CEO. Election is usually fair. The share holders have the duty of electing the board of directors. The board of directors is then supposed to hire the presidents, vice-presidents, top executives, treasurer and the secretary. The workforce in Microsoft is very rich in terms of skills and knowledge, making the company to do well in its business operations both locally as well as internationally (Johnson, 2008).
Microsoft has a number of strengths, which have significantly contributed to the company’s success. To begin with, the company has a broad global brand. The company has the largest software developer which has a good reputation all over the world. It has a big customer base which is located all over the world. All the products in the Windows line are successful. This has significantly contributed to the company’s success.
The company’s strongly developed brand has put it in a position where it is able to cultivate customer loyalty all over the world. Its customers are enthusiastic and act as advocates who always use the company’s products. Therefore, the company has managed to retain its existing customers as well as attracting more. This has contributed to the tremendous growth of the company.
Microsoft’s competitive strategy also involves the location of its premises or offices. Microsoft has offices located in different parts around the world. These offices are strategically situated in strategic positions. This has ensured that the company’s products are trendily available to all the customers across the world. For instance, the company has offices in Korea, Europe, China and Germany. This has promoted the availability of its products throughout the world avoiding unnecessary shortages.
Diversification of the company’s operations has also enhanced its competitiveness. For instance, the company has recently ventured in other areas like game design and developing. This provides a wide range of opportunities to the company.
The company has managed to provide free emails and news to its customers. In addition, it has managed to develop software that is very useful in organizing business spreadsheets and data. This comes at a time when the demand for such software has risen with increased need for efficiency in the contemporary business world.
The company’s market position can be understood by looking at its financial status. As already noted, Microsoft has been in the market for a long time. Since its development, the company has recorded good performance. Earlier this year, the company closed its fiscal year in optimistic results.
For the fourth quarter which ended in June 2011, the company’s revenue rose to $ 17.37 billion (Betanews, 2011). This was an eight percent increase over the last one year. Meanwhile, the operating income hit a level of $ 6.17 billion. During this quarter, the company recorded a profit of $ 5.87 billion (Betanews, 2011).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Microsoft Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The success has not been attributed to a single aspect but rather a combination of factors. The strengths and opportunities are a source of the company’s competitive advantage and good position in the market. For example a strong brand that is well known all over the world. This has enhanced the level of sales and hence increased productivity and profitability.
Despite the fact that Microsoft Company has got considerable strengths and opportunities, it is not without some weaknesses and threats. Some of the weaknesses and threats that face Microsoft include; compatibility issues involved in the company’s products. For instance, most of its products are not effectively compatible with many hardware and software produced by other companies.
This may discourage customers from buying the company’s products due to the inefficiencies involved. Another weakness of the company is that it has not managed to develop an effective client and service support in the internet. This denies its customers important services in case problems and bugs occur. This threatens the integrity that the company’s products are perceived by its customers.
Competitors are a threat to the Microsoft Company. Many companies have engaged in the business of provision of software and other computer related services. This therefore necessitates that Microsoft Company establish and implement strategic measures aimed at maintaining its competitiveness to avoid losing its customers to the competitors. All in all, it is evident that the company has tried to overcome the threats and weaknesses through the reinforcement of their strengths and opportunities.
Use of Information Technology for Competitive Advantage Information technology is a resourceful tool in an organization. It has been used by various organizations to secure a large share in the competitive market.
Effective utilization and implementation of information technology enables an organization and the workforce to be reliable in provision of services to the consumers. This is because it enhances efficiency, effectiveness and economy, an aspect that is extremely crucial in the achievement of high levels of productivity and profitability.
Microsoft Company has recognized information technology as a strategic asset and thus, it incorporates it in almost all its practices and processes. One area in which information technology has found application in the company is the accounting section.
The company has recognized that information technology can help in solving the problems that were associated with the traditional method of accounting. Information technology has also been used as a strategic communication tool. This involves communication services such as IP telephony, Microsoft Live Communication Server (LCS) and other Microsoft’s telecommunications infrastructure.
Some of the information technology related issues in Microsoft include; Business Application Support, clients services, messaging services, enterprise services, global technology services, corporate security among others (Rasmus, 2008). Microsoft is one of the leading companies that have achieved success through utilization of information technology including advertisement and reaching out clients and suppliers.
Conclusion From the above discussion, it is evident that Microsoft Company has performed well over the past and has managed to secure a competitive market position. Its success is attributed to a variety of factors for instance a strong management body, an established brand name, strong and experienced workforce and utilization of information technology among others. Although it has some weaknesses and it faces some threats, it has been able to overcome this and its financial performance has been excellent over the past.
Reference List Betanews. (2011). Microsoft. Web.
Johnson, N. (2008). Microsoft Adds Record Number of Employees, Rules Out Acquisitions. Web.
Kumar. (2010). An overview of Microsoft and History of Windows. Web.
Microsoft. (2011). Top Products. Web.
Rasmus, W.D. (2008). Building Strategic Advantage through IT. Microsoft Business Insights.
Reflection on Gulliver’s Travels Part One Essay (Book Review) argumentative essay help
The author of A Voyage to Lilliput, which forms the first part of Gulliver’s Travels, introduces the reader to a brief historical account of his own life encounters coupled with his own family. According to The Literature Network, one can tell his travel from the evident shipwrecks and abductions coupled with instances of making long swims in an attempt to make his life safe and sound (Para. 1).
After swimming for long distances, he arrived to the shores of Lilliput. However, thinking that he was safe, his life turns otherwise and finds himself held as a captive in the upcountry. To make the narrations of this travel vivid and real, the author applies the stylistic devices such as satire, and symbols to build on his themes.
Satire is a stylistic a device where authors of literary works ridicule or rather make fun out of human weaknesses or vices. The main purpose of using satire lies predominately on the intents to correcting these vices through humor.
In part one of A Voyage to Lilliput the author incredibly satirizes the English people: something that makes them look like dwarfish especially in their capacity to cope with mega issues, thoughts and or deeds. In fact, he could not manage his business and his journey. He says, “I grew weary of the sea” (Swift Chapter 1).
This way, part one of A Voyage to Lilliput emerges as one of the enormous attacks made on humankind targeting people’s stupidity and or wickedness. As a way of example, Swift ridicules the wrangles existing between the Protestants and Roman Catholics, which resulted to war in the 18th century. Arguably, the egg controversy is a satirical strategy that enables the author to reflect and correct the eminent cultural and moral conflicts surrounding the interpretation of the holy book: The Bible.
Literary works deploy symbols to represent abstract ideas. These symbols could take the form of colors, objects, figures or even characters. Swift’s work does not fail also to make use of these symbols in an attempt to develop A Voyage to Lilliput themes.
Lilliputians, Brobdingnagians, laputans, houyhnhnms and England are some of the symbols used in A Voyage to Lilliput (Donaldson 2339). Lilliputians, as implied in the title of the chapter, depict people extensively characterized by pride. Lilliputians, not only show themselves off to the non-natives as Gulliver, but also amongst themselves.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the other hand, Brobdingnagians is typically symbolic of personal, private and physiques of people when keenly scrutinized. Laputans symbolize the theoretical knowledge, which perhaps gives no value to humankind. While Houyhnhnms symbolize ideal and rational existence, which is depictive of life dictated by concepts of moderation and sense, England, on the other hand, is a symbol of a land of sufficiency or insufficiency.
The chief object of employing the symbols and satire is to help authors to develop successfully and in a detailed way the themes of their work. Themes encompass the universal or rather the fundamental idea introspected by a literary work. In part one of A Voyage to Lilliput, right as compared to a mighty society, as opposed to individual perceptions, and limitations of the capacity to understand among human beings, are amongst the key themes developed by Swift (Chapter 1).
Gulliver, for instance, stands out as a physically might person. By virtue of this physical mightiness, Gulliver acquires an advantage in the defeat of Blefuscudian (Donaldson 2360). Arguably, this presents a dilemma on what should regulate the actions of the society. Should mightiness or forces of moral righteousness characterize it?
Conclusively, through various characterizations, which largely serve as symbols and satire, Swift is able to build on the themes of part one of A Voyage to Lilliput. Satire presents humorous moments in the novel, though in the end, the author successfully manages to correct certain moral vices.
Works Cited Donaldson, Talbot. The Norton Anthology of English Literature: Volume 1 Gullivers Travels Part One: A Voyage To Lilliput. New York: Norton
Inflation in Saudi Arabia Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Introduction In the recent past, there has been an unprecedented easing of monetary and fiscal policies in many countries. This has raised widespread concerns that the policies may plunge the world economy into a period of hyperinflation. Already in Saudi Arabia, inflation has been rising. This has been attributed to the government’s recent expansion of fiscal lending, which makes a rise in inflation inevitable. The main factors that drive Saudi’s inflation include food prices, high inflation in trading partner’s economies, and a rise in domestic rent.
Methodology In the eighties and nineties, inflation in Saudi Arabia was maintained at a low of 1%. However, since 2003, the inflation rate has risen rapidly and by 2008, it exceeded 11%: a phenomenon that has negatively affected the citizens (Mehran, 2009, p. 3). Although the World financial crisis resulted to a temporary decline in the inflation rate, it again started rising since 2010.
This paper, using the quarterly data from 1980 to 2010, examines the causes behind the inflation in Saudi, its effects, and the effectiveness of the counter-strategies and policies the Saudi government has put in place to curb the rising inflation. The paper will also investigate the solutions provided to the problem of runaway inflation and give recommendations on the same.
The paper utilizes a methodology that incorporates both foreign and domestic factors that affect the inflation rate in the Saudi context. It will examine the external factors as a source of inflation in Saudi, given the open trade nature of the Saudi economy characterized by oil exports and importation of consumer goods from overseas.
The rise in the prices globally will be examined alongside the Saudi domestic prices. Given Saudi’s dependence on exports, fluctuation in the value of the US dollar is a fundamental determinant of the rate of inflation in Saudi both in the short-term and long-term.
Additionally, the rise in the domestic demand fuelled by the sharp increase in oil prices has also accelerated the rate of inflation in Saudi Arabia. By focusing on each factor in turn, this paper aims to find the correlation between inflation in Saudi’s trading partners (OECD countries) and the domestic inflation rate. The paper will also undertake a food price outlook in the wake of rising inflation rate and its effects on Saudi staples such as rice and wheat.
What is Inflation? Inflation is a common term in economic circles, but its meaning is often misconstrued. Inflation, in simple terms, refers to a continuous increase in prices of goods and services in an economy (Dhakal,
Surrogate Parenthood: Positive and Negative Essay argumentative essay help
The debate surrounding the real parent of a “created” child is far from over. With myriad of court cases on the custody of surrogate children, there is seemingly growing worry and uncertainty over parenthood of children obtained from reproductive technology.
As a matter of fact, some states are quite silent in terms of legislations governing gestational surrogacy while others have limited and unclear guidelines on the same. Needless to say, the simmering controversy regarding this form of alternative reproduction and parenthood needs to be resolved by enacting relevant pieces of legislations.
Up to date, it is still not vivid on who among the following is the authenticated parent; the egg and sperm donors, the adoptive parents who have paid for the egg and sperm or the surrogate who has carried and given birth to the child. Nonetheless, this essay argues that the egg and sperm donors ought to be the true parents of the ‘manufactured’ child.
While some of the most recent court cases on parenthood of such children have been determined based on how weighty the arguments are on both sides of the plaintiff and defendants, it is worth noting that genetic make-up of the born child is far much important and supersedes any other local arrangement that may have been made between or among parties (Stephanie 1).
It is profound to note that there are some states which have already laid down basic requirements for gestational surrogacy in the sense that the born child must at least share genetic features with one of the parties under agreement. In other words, the child must have genetic relationship with one of the custodians (Denise 1).
Perhaps, the most important reason why such a legal provision should be enforced is that a sperm or egg donor is highly likely to develop a close and more intimate relationship with the child born out of such an arrangement more than in the case whereby there is total absence of genetic sharing.
At this point, it is prudent to note that intimate parenting is directly proportional to well being of children during the whole cycle of growth. It is also definite that latter may be absent or completely unguaranteed in the event whereby none of the ‘parents’ is a sperm or egg donor (Stephanie 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the case of adoptive parents who went through the process of buying the egg and sperm, catered for legal fees or medical costs for the surrogate, it is imperative to reiterate that such an action may only warrant partial custody of the child but not true parenthood.
In nay case, incurring financial costs on the general upkeep of the surrogate may be undertaken by any other well wisher (Denise 1). For instance, it would be quite misleading to argue that should the state take care of medical and other associated costs of children whose parents are ‘unknown’ then it implies the latter assumes the parent position.
For the surrogate who has carried the child and eventually given birth to him or her, she has only acted as a vessel or channel through the child has been born and lacks the ‘parenting touch’. As already mentioned, a ‘created’ child largely takes after the genetic characteristics of the original genes. While the environment of embryo growth is pertinent in the initial stages of life, it does not rule out the fact that the intrinsic emotional and character relationship has the greatest bearing on a child and depicts who the true parent is.
To recap it all, it is vital to reiterate that both the sperm and egg donors play immense role in determining both the intrinsic and extrinsic characteristics of a child. The available legislations on gestational surrogacy are either silent or unclear on true parenthood of a ‘created’ child. Nonetheless, it is conclusive that genetic make-up of a child should be used as the sole determinant of a parent regardless of who undergoes medical/legal costs or carries the fetus until the time of birth.
Works Cited Denise, Grady. Parents Torn Over Fate of Frozen Embryos. 4 Dec. 2008. Web.
Stephanie, Saul. New Jersey Judge Calls Surrogate Legal Mother of Twins. 30 Dec. 2009. Web.
No Sugar by Jack Davis Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Drama: No Sugar by Jack Davis
Introduction The prejudicial treatment of a person basing on being a member of a class or group is known as discrimination. It includes certain behaviors towards people such as preventing one group of people from opportunities that are available to the other groups. Discrimination is the culmination of traits and understanding of the distinctions between things, which comes in varying frames and forms (Appleby, 2007).
Fiction is a narrative work that deals with news and events that are not on facts but imaginary created by the author. A writer tries to determine peoples’ response to nature and activities by giving a report from a perspective, like a film maker through pointing of the camera shapes peoples’ reactions to a film. In fictions, a writer’s interpretation of a narrator, point of view, is essential to peoples’ experience as readers.
Narrators classified are either party or nonparticipant narrators. A narrator that is nonparticipant talks in the third person referring to actors by their names. Explicit way of stories characterized in concert known as drama. Drama is an operation performed by actors before an audience on stage assumes means of performance that are collaborative and a reaction that is combined. Combined response and collaborative writing directly prejudice it (Saputo, 2011).
Drama: No Sugar by Jack Davis In the 20th Century, it is a recognized factor in Australia, and all over the rest of the world, that there was neglect of Aborigines since the settlement of the first western civilization, and for several years after the western culture. It is the most fundamental aim of dramas to highlight issues, such as racism, and thoughts in relation to these matters to life through dramatic presentations and the use of various techniques.
Jack Davis wrote a book of revisionist known as No Sugar in 1985, which was one of these dramas. Jack Davis brought issues and even expressed his own thoughts about issues such as the discrimination of the treatment of Aboriginal in 1930’s. The revisionist text of no sugar described life extensively, and thus offering a different perspective of the point of view of Aboriginal, on activities which came about during the period of the discrimination issue at hand (Davis, 1985).
No Sugar, the drama written by Jack Davis, highlights the exploitation of Aborigines in Australia in 1930’s. More explicitly, it concerned the relations of Millimurra, and their immense success against the whites and treated like substances in their own country. The stage play was present in Moore River and Northam, in Western Australia. Jack surveyed matters surrounding the behavior of Aborigines during that time and reflected his own thoughts concerning these issues.
One of the issues highlighted with reference to that time in No Sugar was how Aborigines were discriminated against, because of the color of their skin. For instance, in the first scene of the first act, Cissie complained because her and her brother went to get apples, and they were given shriveled up ones, while the children of the whites were given juicy apples. Jack used techniques of drama in order to make his thoughts about discrimination issues to individual. He used a conversation in this example and in a manner of characterization.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is discrimination at the place of work. Being looked at or treated differently because of one’s race, religion, social rank, gender or any other characteristic is a form of discrimination (Rushefsky, 2008). At the place of work, discrimination takes place when a member of staff goes through harsh or discriminatory treatment because of their race, national origin, religion, experienced person or immobilized position, or any other characteristics protected by law (Mathis, 2010).
Human resources who have experienced acts of revenge for differing from discrimination of the place of work or for exposing violation to the government regarded to be discriminated against. In most of the countries, particular the developed ones, there are verdicts and laws that forbid discrimination in areas of work, such as hiring, recruiting, evaluations of job, policies of promotion, education, payments and actions of disciplinary (Nather, 2009).
Discrimination in place of work can be categorized as both direct and indirect. Discrimination that is open, entails treating a person less favorably because they possess a characteristic (for instance race, gender, age, socioeconomic status, beliefs, disability, national origin), contrasted with another person without that characteristic in the same situation (Swain, 2010).
An example of discrimination that is open would be, not recommending job to a woman because she is anticipated obtaining a maternity leave while a man is not. Discrimination that is implicit, entails setting state or a requirement, which a smaller percentage of those with the trait are capable of fulfilling, without rational justification (Heine
Wells Fargo Company, Its Profitability, Sustainability and Moving Forward Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
This article is going to discuss different ways and situations of analyzing a company’s, profitability, sustainability and its moving forward.
The article is also going to highlight different types of analysis and how they differ from one another in relation to purpose and profitability. The article is going to have a look at Well Fargo’s analysis.
There are different situations, which lead to the company’s analysis. The company might choose to assess various sections that constitute to the whole company for various purposes. One of the main purposes of conducting an analysis on a company is to determine its position in relation to profitability. A company’s profitability is never stagnant; a company is moving either forward or backwards. A company will never be at the same position in relation to profitability.
There are different types of analysis; they differ from one another in regards to purpose and methodology. A research will always have a unique way through which it looks at the details presented in the aim of research. The SWOT system of analysis is one of the most effective methods of analyzing a business organization. The SWOT analysis highlights strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Through this analysis an organization is evaluated into the fine details.
The company’s strengths can be seen in the ranking it has received from world renowned financial analysts. The company is listed as the best small business lender, best agricultural lender, second best debt card issuer, second best prime home-equity lender, third best mutual fund provider among the U.S. Banks.
For instance, the company is the 18th most respected company in the world. This was a ranking established by Barrons. Wells Fargo has been ranked as the 17th most profitable company all over the United States. The organization has received the “Aaa” credit rating from Moody. The company has a good relation with the community, the customers, and the team members.
The company has been ranked as the 41st in relation to revenue in the United States. This ranking was given by the Fortune 500. Another area where the company’s strength is displayed is in relation to organization. The company’s organization structure is set up in a manner that helps various departments and branches to work as a single body. The Wells Fargo Bank has been established as the first bank in the United States as of 2008 (Fradkin, 2002).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The company has two major weaknesses. These weaknesses are presented in bad mortgages and low debit card market share. One of the major areas where other competitors beat this company is in relation to debit cards. Whereas other financial institutions are focused on providing debit cards for their customers, this company has been left behind. For this cause, Wells Fargo has been constantly loosing customers.
The market share that the company continues to lose every other day where debit cards are being used in the market is a loophole through which competitors continue to enjoy other benefits. The other weakness of the company is in relation to bad mortgages. As a lender, there are mortgage problems that the company continues to face every day as the credit market continues to experience problems (Navarro, 2006).
The opportunities the company is presented with, include reduced competition, cross-selling options, consolidating industry, international expansion, and Wachovia. In relation to international expansion, the company is looking to establish a strong presence in the international market as well as increasing the growth and profits.
In the event the company is to venture out into international markets, it would experience improved synergies and the customer base would increase. The opportunities would also improve the company’s financial stability as well as enhancing the individual economies in the countries where it has been established. Innovation will increase the company’s profitability (Ferrell
Tragedy as depicted in Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Neglect and Alienation
Impact of Slavery
Introduction Jean Rhys’ novel, ‘Wide Sargasso Sea’ is a story that has many themes but tragedy seems to be consistent throughout the novel. The story is centered on a character named Antoinette around whom a lot of tragedy seems to exist. The author creates a main character, Antoinette who is a child at the beginning if the story. Her family has owned slaves in the past. Her father has died in mysterious circumstances with rumors that he drunk himself to death.
Her younger brother is very ill and eventually dies. She is eventually married off and after a series of other unfortunate events, she eventually goes mad. Jean Rhys creates a series of events that depict tragedy surrounding the life of Antoinette. The tragedy in the story takes different forms. Death is the most common cause of tragedy in the novel. Other tragedies exist in the form of neglect, alienation, impact of slavery, and insanity. These are briefly described below.
Death Tragedy in the form of death is quite common in the novel. Two major deaths are talked about; Mr. Cosway’s and that of his son Pierre. The first death is discussed at the very beginning of the novel as a means of giving readers background information on the whereabouts of Antoinette’s father.
The author tells of Antoinette’s father’s death as a speculation. Antoinette’s father is said to have drunk himself to death. It is quite obvious that doubt surrounds the cause of his death. His name was Mr. Cosway. Essentially, Mr. Cosway had been a white slave owner and was financially well off as a result.
However, after the emancipation of slaves in 1833, he had to free them. He then begun drinking excessively and died from it. The manner in which the author depicts this death leaves the reader believing there may have been more to the death of Mr. Cosway than the casual ‘drunk himself to death.’ From the novel, we see that Mr. Cosway’s death is a tragedy to his family since they had to make a living in his absence—especially after he had put the family finances in ruins.
Moreover, many families seemed to have been dealing with the death of their men since it is reported that a good number of former white slave owners killed themselves after they were forced to free the slaves.
The other death is that of Pierre who died as a young boy. Pierre has mostly been a background character in this story but his role sheds some light on key parts of the themes. To begin with, Pierre is depicted as being generally ill as a child after his father’s death. He therefore spends most of his childhood as a miserable invalid.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After his mother gets remarried, former slave stage a demonstration outside Pierre’s parents’ house and set it ablaze in the process. Pierre is in the house at the moment and gets hurt in the fire. Unfortunately, the effects of the fire on his body, accompanied by the already existing illness, prove too much for his weak body.
He eventually succumbs to all this and dies soon after the fire. Losing his life this is very tragic–especially based on the fact that the fire had nothing to do with him directly. It is also tragic for Antoinette and her mother who have lost a sibling and child respectively. Antoinette’s mother is soon mad and under constant care and, as a result, Antoinette is left on her own once again; a dead father, an insane mother, and a dead brother.
Neglect and Alienation Neglect can be a form of tragedy depending on the disposition of the person who faces the neglect. In the early chapters of the novel, the author tells the readers about the neglect that Antoinette’s family faces after the end of the slave trade. Antoinette is still a young girl, when the slave trade ends.
The end of the slave trade and the wide range of emotions that came along with it are eminently felt in the home. It seems that the slave trade has not made Antoinette’s family very popular in the society. Also, her mother does not seem to blend well with the rest of the elites. As a result, the family is quite alienated from the society in which they live. The have no close friends and the author depicts the servants as not caring much about what happens to the family.
This is probably a carry-over of emotions from the slave trade era. From the book, It is seems like a widespread belief that Antoinette’s family deserve what they are getting in terms of Mr. Cosway’s death and Pierre’s illness. This neglect of the family, by society, is the environment in which Antoinette grows up. This environment proves tragic when it shapes her into the troubled person she eventually turned out to be.
The other form of neglect clearly depicted in this novel is that which Antoinette and her brother Pierre face from their mother. After the death of their father, it is only natural for the children to expect parental love and attention from the remaining parent. Unfortunately for this pair, they do not find this in their mother.
She seems to have other priorities for reasons known to her. When Antoinette is still a young girl, she spends most of her days in isolation. She has a friend, Tia, who is a daughter of a servant. Unfortunately, this companionship does not last as Tia ceases to be Antoinette’s friend for no apparent reason.
We will write a custom Essay on Tragedy as depicted in Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Even though Annette spends most of her time at home, she seems to focus on other petty things and pays no attention to her children. To make matters worse, when Mr. Cosway dies, Annette, Antoinette’s mother is still a young and beautiful woman. Shortly after, she decides to get remarried and her attention to her children, which was barely there, diminishes even further.
This situation is tragic for the children because they grow up in isolation. This does not provide an environment that nurtures them into healthy adults. It is no wonder that Pierre eventually dies and Antoinette has so much insecurity that she goes mad even after moving into her new home. This madness is probably as a result of accumulated mental problems from her upbringing.
Impact of Slavery Slavery has been a subject that has drawn many emotions from the time it begun centuries ago to date as people still deal with consequences of slavery. Jean Rhys sets this novel in Jamaica at a time when slavery has just been brought to an end. Slave trade has been declared illegal and the slaves have been freed. Unfortunately, ending slave trade was not going to magically end the emotions that came with it and the societies involved had to deal with the consequences.
One example is that of the friendship between Antoinette and Tia, one of the servants’ children. Tia seemed to have been Antoinette’s only companion as a child. Unfortunately, Tia was the child of a freed slave while Antoinette was the child of a former slave owner. Antoinette does not seem to know why Tia stopped being her friend. It is, however, very likely that Tia had been influenced by her parents to stop associating with Antoinette because she was a child of former slave owners.
Naturally, young children would not put much consideration into such politics and would be friends regardless of such backgrounds. Without interference from their parents, Tia and Antoinette would probably have remained friends. Slavery however had introduced bitterness into the slaves as parents and the effect was trickling down to the children.
Later, the author depicts Tia as getting violent towards Antoinette during a demonstration by freed slaves. When she feels that she is in danger, during the demonstration, she runs towards Tia and her mother. But instead of helping, Tia throws an object which hits Antoinette’s head and she starts bleeding profusely and ends up ill for over six weeks.
Clearly, such behavior is not natural to children without adult influence. This was tragic for Antoinette who would have appreciated Tia’s help as a companion at a time when her family was falling apart.
The major impact of slavery, and from which most others stem, is bitterness. Slaves were mistreated in the peak of the slave trade and it is only natural that they would feel bitter towards anyone who is directly or indirectly associated with the trade. After the emancipation, many slaves still felt the need to avenge the life they had been forced to live.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tragedy as depicted in Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They felt dehumanized and any opportunity to cause suffering to the former slave owners was obviously welcome. In the novel, this opportunity presents itself when Antoinette’s step father rebuilds the estate and the former slaves come to demonstrate at the house. They burn down the house regardless of the fact there was a sick child in it.
Also, the actual slave owner had already passed on but his family had to pay for the consequences of the trade he carried out when he was alive. The children and their mother may have had nothing to do with the slave trade but bitterness in the former slaves stops them from reasoning and they set the family ablaze. This is tragic because, as a result of the fire, Annette goes insane, Pierre dies and Antoinette is injured and eventually left on her own.
Conclusion So in a nutshell, tragedy seems to surround the main characters of this novel. They seem unable to evade it with things like death, neglect, alienation and insanity seemingly pursuing them from all angles. It thus suffices to say that Jean Rhys does a commendable job at depicting tragedy as a theme in this novel.
No child left behind Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Impact of the Law
Introduction As one of the federal government’s most sweeping changes to education in a generation, the No Child Left behind Act (NCLB) was signed into law by President George W. Bush on January 8, 2002. This bill provides nearly $1 billion a year over the next five years to strengthen public schools (FDOE 1).
This research paper explores the Act, answering questions that are aimed at gathering sufficient and relevant information within the context of the research topic. Some of the issues covered in include an explanation of the law, the impact of the law and adaptation of various systems to accommodate the law.
NCLB Act Abbreviated as NCLB, No Child Left Behind is an Act of Congress in the United States which revolves around the accessibility and quality of education by children in public schools around the country. Although the bill was ratified by President Obama, it is important to note that it was initially proposed when George W. Bush became the President of the United States (Bagley 1).
At the time of its proposal, the bill received an overwhelming majority support in the Congress, probably because of the expected impact it was to have in transforming the education sector.
Principally, NCLB encourages reforms, which are based on high standards that are viewed as fundamental requirements of improving the outcomes of the education system. The bill further emphasizes the need of developing basic skills among students in public schools. As a result, states are supposed to have ways of assessing these skills among students in every grade for them to qualify for state funding (Bagley 1).
However, the act does not set expected national standards and allows states to set their own standards based on a wide range of factors that may vary from one state to another. Because of the implications of the bill to the entire education system, funding allocation has continuously been rising since 2001. Another important point notable from the bill is its recognition of good performance among students as a proof of the work done by individual teachers in different schools.
As a result, Adequate Yearly Progress is essential, especially for those schools around the country that are recognized under title “I” as defined in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. If a school experience recurring poor results yearly, the act recommends several steps to be implemented in improving the standards of the school to a reasonable level recognized by the state (NEA 1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In line with Adequate Yearly Progress, schools which experience poor performance in two years consecutively are considered to be in need of improvement and are expected to come up with an improvement plan that would run for two years for those subjects which the schools seem not to be teaching well.
Additionally, students are given an option of seeking to transfer to another better school as long as the school does exist in his or her district (NEA 1). In the event the school does not realize AYP for the third year, the act recommends that such schools should establish free tutoring programmes with an aim of helping poor-performing students.
On the other hand, a “correction” is recommended for a school that fails to attain the AYP for the fourth year. This action may include overall replacement of teachers, replacement of the existing curriculum and an allowance to have affected students spend more time in class.
In extreme and almost impossible case, schools failing for the sixth year are put under reconstruction as provided in the No Child Left Behind Act. In balancing, the bill with its practical applicability, it is the responsibility of the state to ensure that every school has qualified teachers. Additionally, a “one high standard” is supposed to be set for all students, and every state is mandated to decide this kind of standard. However, all outlined standards of the education curriculum have to be applied to all students equally around the state (NEA 1).
Impact of the Law The law is believed to have a significant impact in the entire education sector. This impact has been felt by both teachers, students, districts and all education stakeholders. The first implication of the No Child Left Behind Bill is increased accountability required of all public schools and teachers around the country (NEA 1).
According to the bill, every school must show quantifiable improvement in the performance of students in order to prove its efforts throughout every fiscal year. This is accompanied by measures discussed above that mainly affect non-performing schools and teachers (U.S. Department of Education 1).
The law further supports reduction of funding in cases where schools do not show any performance progress. The main purpose of this action is to enable teachers and all stakeholders to understand the immense significance of the education system to the nation (U.S. Department of Education 1).
We will write a custom Research Paper on No child left behind specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Additionally, the law makes it possible to have a link between students’ standards and state academic content. Furthermore, it insists that all schools should establish measuring mechanisms in order to tell the performance of students at every grade starting from the third up to the eighth (U.S. Department of Education 1).
Beyond this stage of learning, the performance of students in high schools has to be determined at least once. Another impact is that it allows access of academic information of students by their parents through issuance of report cards. These report cards clearly indicate the Adequate Yearly Performance to enable parents to understand the progress of their sons and daughters. In addition, the school is obligated to disclose the professional level of the teacher to the parent to win the confidence of parents.
Besides having set standards for schools and teachers around the country, the bill also impacts students in various ways. Unlike in cases where schools denied students opportunities to transfer to another school within the district, the No Child Left Behind bill allows bright students in schools that are unable to meet the Adequate Yearly Progress to transfer to better ones within the district (Bagley 1).
Otherwise, schools are supposed to execute performance strategies like free tutoring and increased time, especially for those students who have weak performance standards.
Conclusion No Child Education Bill is one of the most praised bills that promise to transform the American education system and make it performance-oriented. By insisting on performance standards, the government acknowledges the need to link resources and performance. In other words, its funding of the public education system has to be reflected through good performance from students through the efforts of schools and teachers.
By holding schools and teachers accountable for the performance of students, the law echoes the role of a teacher that goes beyond class work teaching. However, in its continuous implementation, performance measuring parameters have to remain harmonized to promote fair gauging of students’ performance across states.
Works Cited Bagley, Jennifer. “No Child Left Behind.” Education Week. 2004. Web.
FDOE. “No Child Left Behind Act.” Florida Department of Education, 2005. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on No child left behind by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More NEA. “No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB).” National Education Association, 2011. Web.
U.S. Department of Education. “Elementary and Secondary Education Act.” U.S. Department of Education, 2011. Web.
Tourist Program: Sustainable Development of the Spiritual Model for Tirupati, the religious center of India Expository Essay college admissions essay help
Executive Summary The achieving the main goal of Sustainable Development of Spiritual Model for Tirupati region, the project is aimed at assisting the religious heritage tourism sector, mainly medium-sized tourism businesses and stakeholders, in developing favorable social, economic, and environmental benefits based on the natural and cultural setting of the South India.
The project’s objective is to collect resources, incentives, and tools that will be used by local tourism enterprises. In addition, tourism project seeks to solve the problem of site management and retain the world heritage site values and mitigate possible site threats.
In the course of project, several general principles for sustainable cultural heritage have been created from existing principle of cultural heritage preservation. Based on those principles, three lines of strategies have been presented for the local tourism businesses. Important statistics and financial reports have been compiled within main tourism business of the region, as well as best tourism practices have been analyzed to introduce positive changes for sustainable tourism. The examples will be presented as an auxiliary material.
Plans and principles for a common cultural heritage sustainable program have presented and the project to use the basic principles of the World Heritage Community to advance the tourism program in Tirupati region, South India.
The sustainable model for Tirupati region tourism development will be established in 2012 to promote sustainable tourism and encourage the preservation of the cultural heritage in India. In addition, the project will also be premised on the tourism program for Taj Mahal venue. The concerns will be specifically connected with the analysis of environmental pollution issues which involve transportation challenges.
Project Information and Objectives Vision and Mission
The program is oriented on empowering and developing the tourism sector in the South India to continually innovate and improve sustainable tourism practices. The mission of the tourism project is to assist the tourism region in adjusting to sustainable tourism practices in economical, cultural, and environmental terms.
To collect, record, and evaluate the best tourism practices that would be relevant for the given religious center;
Develop high quality infrastructure at pilgrimage destination to enhance the environment and attract more tourists to the place;
To market cultural heritage tourism practices and assess the benefits from implementing them;
To expand and develop the world heritage tourism project aimed at enhancing the management capacity and providing effective techniques to promote conservation and security;
To create strategic partnerships to encourage socio-economic benefits and employment by introducing capacity building of small business enterprises and promoting an economic diversity;
To assist the World Heritage Committee and the UNESCO Secretariat in solving the tourism management issue. It will contribute to ensuring the original character and authenticity of the religious site.
Program Partnerships and the Potential for Tourism Growth and Success
The core of the project is based on the principles and aspects described in the World Heritage Tourism Program that strives to take actions in the tourism industry sector to define how this field can contribute to safeguarding the cultural and national resources. In this respect, the framework provided by the program will serve as the basis for initiating joint activities and collaboration features between the identified tourist religious venue and the World Heritage Center of UNESCO.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The potential for the Tirupati region is enormous because this tourist site is known as the one possessing religious significance. Specifically, the tourist flow in the religious center amounts to 50,000 people daily, which is about 19 million people per year.
The current facilities in Tirupati do not meet the international standards and, as a result, the site fails to meat the increasing demand of visitors due to the lack of financing and resources. The above-established goals will contribute to higher profitability of the place; it will also attract a greater number of tourists.
The Starting Point of the Program Investment Attractiveness Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
Infrastructure and Strategic Location. Today heritage tourism, an important sector of the international tourism, has the highest potential for development. Millions of tourists visit religious and cultural sites annually and, therefore, tourism has become a crosscutting problem of site management (See Appendix 1).
At this point, a great number of cities in the South India, particularly in Tirupati spiritual sector, lack necessary experience and trained personnel, as well as local policy makers and communities that fail to contribute to cultural and spiritual diversity of tourism.
Tirupati is located in Andhra Pradesh, the Southern Part of India. The region has two airports of the international level; it also included the port city. Hence, the airport is able to accept about 7 million passengers coming from different directions. Importantly, the regions has developed infrastructure facilities, including rail and road network, banking facilities, impressive industrial estates, reliable communication infrastructure, and developed technical institutes.
State policies. The local government has ratified various industrial and investment polices to promote rapid production growth and develop service sectors with an international perspective. As a result, the government has managed to establish about nine industrial parks within a very short period of time.
Industry. A State Government enterprise, Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation, has already established 272 specialized parks and industrial estates (See Appendix 2).
We will write a custom Essay on Tourist Program: Sustainable Development of the Spiritual Model for Tirupati, the religious center of India specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Brief Overview of Tirupati
Tirupati, a religious place and a sacred site of pilgrimage, is situated in Chittoor region of Andra Pradesh, at a height of 500 feet above the sea level. The city has a well-developed chain of trains and roads and, therefore, the centre of the city of highly available.
The spot is known for the temple of Lord Venkateswara, the richest shrine in India. It is a significant pilgrimage site, with pilgrims climbing the hills to reach the hilltop, where Tirumala town is located. The town of Tirupati also has a number of temples and it is known for its brass and copper idols, as well as red wooden toys.
Potential Hazards to Spiritual Tourism in Tirupati Region
Loss of original character and authenticity because of encroachment. The pressure because of illegal encroachments and unplanned visitor facilities has a negative impact on the site area. In addition, encroachment hampers the normal pedestrian movement. Developmental pressure can be hazardous for the authenticity of the religious site.
Unplanned visitor behavior. Unregulated visitor flow can significantly hamper the tourist circulation. Site management system, therefore can eliminate lack of personnel resources and provides a regulation of visitors during holidays and weekends.
Project Implementation and Results Developing Infrastructures
By advancing and sophisticating the municipal infrastructure, it will be possible to improve the quality of tourists’ destination and promote greater connectivity among the religious spots. Hence, Destination Utility infrastructure can be significantly enhanced by introducing cafeteria, waiting pavilions, clean water supply, toilets, and outside furniture.
Importantly, greater quality of transport organization at temple site, or near temples sites should also be supported with regard to the current environmental issues. Each area of the region should have specific interpretation centers providing tourists with a brief depiction of the region, including possible exhibits and displays on flora and fauna, museums locations, etc. At this point, documentation establishments for spiritual researchers will also be encouraged.
An important aspect of the project is connected to the provision of accommodation facilities such as budget hotels, camping tents, and luxury resorts. In this respect, the concept of township should be implemented to introduce a visionary community aimed at supporting the tourist population through introduction of commercial space, hotel networks, and entertainment malls.
The introduction of this program concept is rational due to the high attractiveness of the site for investment. In particular, enhanced religious tourist flow, potential development of IT hub, and possibility to introduce center of trade and commerce provide a solid platform for sufficient financial support.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Tourist Program: Sustainable Development of the Spiritual Model for Tirupati, the religious center of India by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Enhancing the Main Appeal of the Religious Site
Pilgrimage to religious sites is highly motivated by the willingness to experience divinity and mysticism of Gods. The experience can be gained through organizing spiritual pavilions for familiarizing the tourists with the Indian history, including its significance for the contemporary society.
Hence, spirituality pavilions will introduce the basic ideas about spirituality and science to stimulate the visitors to make inquiries about the philosophical problems in the Indian history. The course of tourism development, therefore, should be centered on the core appeal of the new tourism products complementing the attraction of the religious centers.
Apart from the spirituality pavilions, the presentation of specific historical sites and associated events can also be dramatized to attract more tourists and make the place more entertaining. For instance, a historical pilgrimage to the most notable religious sites should be organized and specific bus routs should be established. The transportation system, therefore, must be re-organized in accordance with the newly promoted religious destinations.
Preparing the Conservation of Resources
A comprehensive plan on restoring and conserving the cultural heritage sites is possible through the involvement of specific archeology departments located in Andhra Pradesh. Specifically, effective solid waste management can be introduced to minimize the negative consequences of visiting temples. Involving plant into regulating solid waster treatment can contribute to creating a healthier environment and ensure safety of religious sites and high quality of tourist services.
The development of township creates a number of environmental problems that should be split into two types – the construction and operation phases. At the first stage, it is purposeful to provide an ecologically friendly plan to minimize the effects of land acquisition, personal movement, workers camps, and site clearance.
Aside from environment management within the tourist district, the travelers, or potential customers outside the region, are fully aware of the implications their trip can have on local communities and environments. In this respect, they should have a feeling of greater responsibility for the trip they experience.
With regard to the above-considered problems, the establishment and continuous improvement of environmental approaches and polices is crucial. Waste, lodging, and transportation policies should be adjusted to the local conditions in the Southern region of India.
In whole, conservation of resources and presentation of sustainable model for spirituality tourism are aimed at promoting sustainable tourism in India and provide a forum for internal tour operator to share their opinions and experience to meet the highest international standards.
Engaging Government Participation
The government should take an active part in integrating tourism destination with recreational facilities, commercial regions, budget hotels, and luxury residents. At this point, the local authorities should pay closer attention to the private sector and its activities related to investing the tourism sector.
Multi-stakeholder partnership, therefore, is an inherent condition for advancing the tourism project. Additionally, the local communities should also be engaged with handling small businesses, such as souvenir shops, transport services, cafeteria, craft shops, etc.
With regard to the above, the government should create a partnership to identify the drawbacks in religious infrastructure, discover new opportunities, and provide the standards that would meet the international demands.
The detailed evaluation plan will look as follows:
Collecting feedback from tourist operators to create the appropriate facilities;
Enumerating the current facilities and other requirements for the visitors;
Providing strategies based on the above-presented study;
Receiving a detailed report on the proposed project (sustainability development of the spiritual tourism);
Identifying which aspects of the model are of the highest priority;
Preparing a step-by-step schedule for contractor and stakeholders;
Creating a conceptual framework for defining the skill gaps in cit management and service delivery;
Defining the exact responsibilities and roles of temple trust;
Evaluating effectiveness of the proposed project.
Introduction of Special Tourist Products
At the current moment, Tirupati is viewed as one of the most attractive spots among the tourists. However, due to the lack of human resources and inappropriate commercial infrastructure, the religious destination should be enhanced through introducing special interest tourist products, including ecological tours, a variety of recreational facilities, and sports clubs.
The township project, therefore, will provide the latest activities including a number of amenities and sites for tourists. In addition, an adequate commercial infrastructure will be tailored in accordance to the demands of the tourists. The hierarchy of commercial properties, including local shops, cinema halls, and entertainment destination will be included at a local area.
In order to introduce new products, the proposed project should be presented as an independent area for developing residential, commercial, and recreational districts with high standard infrastructure. The presented profile is designed for serving the entire population sample paying pilgrimage to the temples in Tirupati.
In order to meet the requirements of integrated development, quality institutional enclaves should be introduced to the township. At this point, introducing theme park can increase the potential number of visitors to religious destinations, particular to the temple of Tirupati.
Because, people, particularly the younger population are more exposed to entertainment, the Indian classical standards will also undergo change to meet the international ones. Therefore, theme parks will encourage the visitors to explore myths, themes, origins, and legends linked to particular deities.
Most importantly, the venue will also serve as a recreational and entertainment park for residents and tourists to spend time with friend and family. The usefulness and uniqueness of the park consists in promoting heritage and culture of India in an original way using up-to-date technology. The latter is used to promote the communication strategy that corresponds to the one practiced in the Disney World Theme Park.
Introducing Destination Promotion Strategy
The destination promotion strategy is congruent with values that the World Heritage Community promulgates. Because the project under analysis is the result of collaborative approaches used, the program on the World Heritage Policy.
In particular, building the capacity of tourism management “develops and/or refines a multi-stakeholder vision for tourism development at the site and creates and/or enhances the framework for visitor limits and monitoring, site interpretation and development of appropriate infrastructure” (UNESCO.org 2).
In addition, relying on the concept of potential collaboration, the tourism project should pay closer attention to tourism management plans playing a pivotal role in organizing workshops at the religious site. The priorities should be given to conservation messages and identification on visitors’ needs.
Training local community management and advancing the quality of human resource management is an essential component of successful sustainability project implementation. Because tourism creates a demand for a variety of services, the community should be provided with the opportunity for learning and development.
Introducing a well-planned tourism project through developing local history knowledge provides an invaluable experience and support for the tourism region. Indeed, training residents in marketing and business skills for existing tourism products will have a positive impact on helping to generate tools for mitigating pressures to the attraction sports. More importantly, the strategy will contribute to enhancing the concept of spirituality.
SWOT Analysis – Evaluating Future Opportunities and Predicting Challenges
The main strength of the project has been an effective, functioning partnership and a powerful Tirupati township network. Various organizations and institutions have been involved into the project implementation, including UNESCO. The credibility of the organization allows us to conclude that the project promises to be effective.
The major weakness of the program lies in the fact that the project involves a multi-faceted approach to introducing changes. Too many plans and strategies are implemented to solve multiple problems. As a result, a vast area of the tourism sector is engaged. In order to eliminate the weakness, the plan should be split into several subsequent steps of the implementation.
In order to advance the fulfillment of the project objectives, specific emphasis should be placed on establishing international ties with the world-known non-profit organizations that seek to support environmentally friendly projects on promoting and preserving cultural heritage.
In this respect, the collaborative features with international tourist enterprises should greatly contribute to the development of a competitive environment in India. Because Tirupati is one of the numerous religious centers in India, the competition in the country is rigorous. Therefore, sustaining a competitive advantage is a serious challenge.
Economic and Marketing Activities
Because the main purpose of the program is to develop and empower the tourist sector in the Tirupati region to improve tourism practices through the establishment of a well-coordinated township, the following economic and marketing stages should be overcome:
Developing a particular field of marketing and economic activity;
Applying to available economic and industrial infrastructure;
Initiating tourism project in Andhra Pradesh;
Creating a favorable employed environment;
Using natural resources with regard to the ecological environment;
The project can be interpreted as a potential support system for the rise of the local economic. The decisive role of the proposed tourism model is presented within two dimensions. First, similar to other spirituality models in the country, the township organization enhancing spirituality and environment assists in achieving the objectives.
Second, the religious center, along with other parts of India, is lagging behind such districts as Maharashtra and Karnataka in terms of industrialization and investment. Such a situation results in low growth of the domestic product. In order to reverse the economic recession, the proposed project should have a potential impact on the process of economic growth in India.
The project under consideration has been conceptualized to encourage various economic activities ranging from services to different industries being connected to the current industrial clusters in the district. The conceptualization of the project will provide the following marketing benefits:
Facilitation of the economic activity in the region by proposing infrastructural support to the industries;
Construction of the religious pavilions and involvement of industries in creating higher employment rates;
The proposed project will increase the revenues collected as a result of tourist activities;
Finally, the project will contribute to the welfare of the regional economy.
Conclusions It can be concluded that sustainable development of the spirituality tourism programs has created serious disputes concerning eco-labeling and religious appeal and has provided the training implications for the region.
A great number of international organizations can be connected to sustainable tourism, but no concrete collaborative features have been created so far. The project under consideration, therefore, is aimed at facilitating the discussion in a global context to lay a foundation for work within the international tourism perspective.
The tourist model is indispensible to creating a solid platform for development of sustainable spirituality tourism, where the sustainability is interpreted through the prism of long-term development. This kind of project is especially important for the regions with developing infrastructure, where the concept of spirituality is not fully congruent with financial and economic possibilities.
In this respect, the regions should gain greater awareness of their responsibilities for the identified areas. In future, the international cooperation can make the mission much stronger to increase the quality of services and promote an ecologically healthy environment.
In order to create a well-developed infrastructure of the township, it is necessary to enhance site management to handle incoming human resources and provide support to employees organizing tourism programs for visitors. More importantly, when the concept of spirituality of the region has been developed, it will be purposeful to work out strategies for involving industries and local authorities in constructing an effective transport system to handle the tourists’ inflow properly.
Finally, once the basic objectives of the project have been achieved, the tourism region should come to the forth as an internally labeled district endowed with high marketing potential and competitive advantage for further development and improvement.
Taking into account the experience of related spirituality tourism project, Tirupati regions should be more concerned with the future possibilities for preserving the cultural heritage and promulgating the main religious venues as being culturally and historically important.
Finally, aside from cultural and historical concerns, the preservation of natural resources is of particular importance as well. At this point, introducing specific activities and measures minimizing the negative impact is urgent.
Works Cited UNESCO.org. A Proposed Framework for the Development of Joint Cooperation on Nature Conservation and Sustainable Tourism at World Heritage Natural Sites, World Heritage Center, n. d. Web.
Appendix 1: Economic Profile of India (2003-2004 Period)
Indian Economy The country akes the 10th place in the world and the 3rd one in Asian region. Sector Contribution: Services Sector
51.8 % 27 %
Exports: United States
US $ 76 billion 21 %
Imports: United States
US $ 100 billion 7 %
Gross Domestic Product per capita (2004) $ 3.1000 Appendix 2: Parks/Industrial Estates in Andhra Pradesh
S. No. The Industrial Estate Areas (Acres) 1. ICICI Knowledge Park, Hyderabad 200 2. Shapoorji Pallonji Bio-Tech Park, Hyderabad 750 3. Marine Bio-Tech Park, Vizag 218 4. Agri Bio-Tech Park, Patancheru 200 5. Pharma Park, Vizag 2200 6. EPIP, Pasamylaram 160 7. AP Gems and Jewellery Park, Hyberabad 0.5 8. Special Economic Zone, Vizag 9200 9. Financial District, Hyderabad 113
African Americans’ Struggle against Segregation and Isolation Essay essay help free
Table of Contents Slavery and Emancipation
Civil Rights Movement
The struggle against segregation, discrimination and isolation is a protracted battle that claimed many lives. During the time of slavery to the Civil Rights Movement, African Americans longed for real freedom. For many centuries they were denied the basic rights of an American citizen. They were supposed to be free after the Civil War but this was not the case. Slavery was simply changed to segregation and isolation.
In every generation African Americans needed to clarify the real meaning of freedom. Every time society tried to shortchange them, heroes came to fight for their rights. Although so many things have changed since the first Negro slave set foot on American soil, the struggle continues to this day. It is time to revisit the past in order to change the present. The following explains how African Americans ended segregation and isolation.
Slavery and Emancipation Segregation, discrimination, and isolation are words without meaning if taken out of its context. In the case of African Americans, these words are full of meaning and in fact it can generate a great deal of emotions. In order to understand the struggle of African Americans to achieve equality in America, it is important to go back to the starting point. More than two hundred years ago Negro slaves from Africa and the Caribbean came to the United States via cargo ships owned and operated by slave traders.
They are known as Negroes. It is a Spanish word for black. They became slaves because of the color of their skin. Their powerlessness emboldened slave traders. Their inability to stand up to their masters emboldened slave buyers.
This trend continued even after the United States declared independence from British rule. Slave traders captured black skinned natives from the shores of Africa and transported them to America. There was high demand for slave labor in plantations located in the United States.
The struggle against segregation, discrimination, and isolation began in the fight to end slavery. After the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain the founding fathers of the United States created the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights. In these sacred documents one can find statements regarding the inherent value of every human being.
All those who were born and raised in the United States can claim citizenship. Their citizenship assures them that they have rights and privileges. It did not take long before the call to end slavery echoed throughout America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It will require the Civil War to abolish slavery in America. But before that can happen, Negro slaves had to make a stand. The fight to end slavery started with the realization that slaves must learn to read and write. According to John W. Fields, “The greater part of the plantation owners were very harsh if we were caught trying to learn or write. Our ignorance was the greatest hold the South had on us. We knew we could run away, but what then?” (Yetman, 2007). Slaves had to find a way to learn how to read and write.
One of those who succeeded to read and write was a Negro slave named Frederick Douglas. He escaped from slavery. A few years later he did not only master the skill of reading and writing, he also discovered that he can persuade people through his writing. It is through his written works that America and the rest of the world understood the horror of slavery and he wrote:
The existence of slavery in this country brands your republicanism as a sham, your humanity as a base pretence, and your Christianity as a lie. It destroys your moral power abroad; it corrupts your politicians at home. It saps the foundation of religion; it makes your name a hissing, and byword to a mocking earth (Douglas, 1999, p. 222).
Another influential leader in the abolitionist movement was Booker T. Washington and he said: “I recall that I had an intense longing to read. I determined, when quite a small child, that, if I accomplished nothing else in life, I would in some way get enough education to enable me to read common books and newspapers” (Washington, 2000, p.19). All the like-minded men and women joined forces with Douglas and Washington to force the Federal Government to end slavery.
Civil Rights Movement The end of the Civil War practically ended slavery in the United States. But true was still in its infancy. There were so many people who clamored for emancipation but only a few understood the ramifications of ending slavery. Four million slaves were liberated at the end of the Civil War (Eyerman, 2001, p.23). This number is a significant figure considering that it represented 12.6 percent of the total U.S. population at that time (Eyerman, 2001, p.23). The social and economic landscape of the South was altered overnight.
Negro slaves went from being laborers to isolated free men and women. They were free but no one established a system that could have eased the transition from slavery to freedmen. Consider this eyewitness account of newly freed slaves: “Here were four million human beings without clothing, shelter, homes, and alas most without names.
The galling harness of slavery had been cut off of their weary bodies, and like a worn out beat of burden they stood in their tracks scarcely able to go anywhere” (Eyerman, 2001, p. 23). Centuries of slavery was replaced with almost a century of segregation, discrimination, and isolation.
We will write a custom Essay on African Americans’ Struggle against Segregation and Isolation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More African Americans worked together to fight oppression and injustice. There are two major groups of people that contributed greatly to the Civil Rights movement. The first group is comprised of charismatic leaders that created influential organizations that would pressure the Federal Government and State authorities to take and reconsider their stance regarding segregation, discrimination and isolation. The second group is comprised of ordinary individuals who were forced by extraordinary circumstances to prevail against evil.
One of the outstanding African Americans who belonged to the second group was a woman named Susie Guillory Phipps, the wife of an affluent seafood importer in Louisiana. Her general appearance was that of a Caucasian woman. In all her life, she believed that she was white but not black.
However, everything changed when she applied for a passport. An official birth certificate was needed. Susie Guillory Phipps could not believe his eyes when the document finally arrived and it said that she was African American.
She did some research and discovered that in 1934, the Louisiana Division of Vital Records had issued a certificate that classified her as “colored” (Bird, 2009, p.14). She discovered that her ancestor, a plantation owner named Jean Gregorie Guillory, took a black mistress. After two centuries this relationship produced a descendant named Susie Guillory Phipps (Davis, 1991).
She spent the rest of her life trying to change an absurd rule that segregated people on the basis of their family tree. As a member of the Negro race in 1977, she felt the impact of discrimination. In her numerous attempts to change the system, she failed. But her persistence enabled the case to gain widespread publicity.
The pressure that resulted from this publicity forced the State of Louisiana to abolish this particular rule in 1983 (Fluehr-Lobban, 2006). However, Susie Guillory Phipps died a few years before the ruling was made public. Nevertheless, she contributed to the eradication of a system of oppression in America.
Oliver Brown also belonged to the second group. He protested the fact that he could not enroll her little girl in a public school that is a mere walking-distance from their home. Monroe Elementary School at Topeka, Kansas is covered by the State law that segregated black and white students. Olive Brown is African American and, therefore, his daughter had to walk a considerable distance in order to take a bus that would bring her to school.
The case of Oliver Brown and his daughter Linda Brown was a blatant example of discrimination in the 20th century in America. In 1954 the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Oliver Brown. That year children from African American families could choose to study wherever they want and the government will not stop them. It was one of the landmark cases in the United States that paved the way for the Civil Rights Movement that intensified the fight against segregation, discrimination, and isolation.
Not sure if you can write a paper on African Americans’ Struggle against Segregation and Isolation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As mentioned earlier the first group was comprised of charismatic leaders who used their God-given talent to inspire people of all race, creed, and religion to end discrimination in America. Two of the most popular figures during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s were Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr. shared one dream. They longed to see the day when African Americans can walk the streets without fear and shame. They worked so hard to end the ill-effects of segregation and discrimination. They used their powerful voices to preach against the evil of racism. But they had different styles and different ideologies when it came to the strategies implemented to achieve their goals.
Malcolm X was more aggressive and he believed that the United States government must be forced to consider its stance regarding segregation and isolation. He had seen the violent reprisals used against protesters. He was convinced that they must fight using armed resistance, not only to increase awareness of their struggle but also to defend themselves from rogue law enforcement officers bent to break their will.
Martin Luther King, Jr. on the other hand, was inspired by the actions of Mahatma Gandhi. The wise old man of Indian politics demonstrated the effectiveness of non-violent protest that can be intensified by civil disobedience.
The end goal is to provoke the government and the rest of America to open their eyes regarding the oppression experienced by many African Americans. Both King and Malcolm X were gunned down by an assassin’s bullet. Their contributions paved the way for the transformation of the United States of America.
Unfinished Business Significant changes are evident from the time of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. African Americans are no longer considered second-class citizens. Some of the top rated artists and athletes are African Americans. In the past African Americans did not possess the means to play professional baseball, football, and golf. But in the 21st century some of the top athletes are African Americans.
It must be made clear that the fight is far from its end. African Americans toiled hard to bring change to the social landscape of America. But there are still some problems that require their attention. There are members of the African American community who feel that they do not have the ability to achieve social mobility. There are many African Americans who feel that they can never break the cycle of poverty (Uslaner, 2010). At the same time there are a high number of African Americans who are behind bars.
There are many African Americans who cannot handle the way society have labeled them. The success of African Americans in the sports and entertainment industry is now being used as a weapon to ridicule them. Instead of praising their achievements, critics are saying that they are only good as entertainers and athletes and do not posses the capabilities to succeed in other fields of endeavors.
It is important to fight a new kind of enemy called indifference. African Americans must continue to work together. In the midst of criticisms there are those who found positive things to say about African Americans. In one study, researchers discovered that young African Americans are resilient (Brown
Twenty Years at Hull House Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
The study of leadership and leaders has a long and multifaceted history rich in rituals, metaphors, symbols, and stories. As a field of scientific inquiry, leadership has intrigued scholars and practitioners from nay disciplines, as diverse as religion and political science, psychology and economics.
In our everyday conversation, we talk about the lack of sound leadership, and the need for more effective leadership in the family, our organizations, communities, and nations (Fradin and Fradin). On the other hand, some of our greatest cultural, social, political, and artistic accomplishments are attributed to leadership, as have many political catastrophes and social ills. Leadership has been and is a cause and effect of greatness and success as well as insignificance and failure.
Since recorded in history, ideas of leadership have been found in every culture and the literature of the oldest civilizations around the world. They are embedded in mythology, legends, sagas, religions, and social life of early and contemporary societies, in the past as well as in the present. Leadership has been vital in every historical period and in every culture. Historically, leadership has been conceptualized as the “man on the white horse,” that is, the study of leadership has been seen as the study of “great men.”
Moreover, it has been primarily the study of political leadership exercised by privileged group of “great men” who defined power, authority, and knowledge. Although history has produced some great men, it has also produced great female leaders who have played a critical role in the well being of the human beings. Key among the lady leaders is Jane Addams.
Today little is known about Jane Addams, however, in the early 1900s, Jane Addams was not only one of the two or three most famous women in the United States she was one of the most beloved Americans in the world. The young woman who emerges from these pages was not raised for female idleness but for community service; her nascent talent was less for friendship than for leadership and her first interest was less in plight of the downtrodden than in the potential powers of the elite (Addams).
Her journey from that youth to Hull- House involved less invalidism and more religious questioning than the standard story allows, and much softening as toughening. Addams first gained fame as the head of Hull House – an institution offering educational, recreational, and other services to the needy people whom she and a friend founded in Chicago in 1889.
During the nearly fifty years that she ran Hull House, Jane Addams improved life for thousands of Chicagoans, mostly poor and immigrant families, for her achievements at Hull House she was hailed as the “Angel of Democracy”. Jane also dedicated herself to another cause, which stirred up strong feelings both for and against her. She became a pacifist – a person strongly opposed to war.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As the head of the women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, she criticized America’s entry into World War I. Addams was regarded as one who could speak with authority on the distinction between being good “to” people and being good “with” them because she had demonstrated her capacity for cross – class cooperation in her daily conduct among her immigrant neighbors (Fradin and Fradin).
Every week, a thousand of those neighbors visited Hull House for one activity or another, and that level of voluntary participation in clubs, classes and social events convinced sympathetic observers in the press and public that “the gentle, the earnest, the noble woman” who presided over the Hull House must have been doing some great work. Essentially, the Hull House, which was Chicago’s first settlement, was established in September, 1889.
It represented no association, but was opened by two women, backed by many friends, in the belief that the mere foothold of a house, easily accessible, ample in space, hospitable and tolerant in spirit, situated in the midst of the large foreign colonies which so easily situated in the midst of the large foreign colonies which so easily isolate themselves in the American cities, would so easily isolate themselves in American cities, would be in itself a serviceable thing for Chicago (Fradin and Fradin).
Hull House endeavored to make social intercourse express the growing sense of the economic unity of society. It was an effort to add the social function to democracy. It was opened on the theory that the dependence of classes on each other is reciprocal; and that as the social relation was essentially a reciprocal relation, it gave a form of expression that had a peculiar value.
Addams and Starr moved into Hull – House in 1889 and by 1891, they had added an art gallery, by 1893 a coffee house and a gymnasium. In 1907, 70 people lived there full time and by 1910, there were 1500 boys who were members of the Hull – house boys club and the house and its programs saw approximately 2000 guests.
The first community need that she perceived once ‘settled’ into the house was the need for day care for young mothers and for structured educational opportunities for preschool age children. Jane Addams appeared on the Chicago scene in 1889, at the end of a decade in the city’s history marked by labor protests against employers’ exploitation and working class hostility to patronizing Protestant philanthropy.
Addams introduced the British settlement scheme to Chicago labor activists, women reformers, and liberal clergy, who were hungry for practical, productive alternatives to the class alienation borne of laissez-faire capitalism and condescending charity.
We will write a custom Essay on Twenty Years at Hull House specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Those who became Addams allies in Chicago represented that vanguard of urban Americans coming to the fore in every major city, ready to challenge the economic and political rules that had dominated the landscape since the triumph of northern industrial capitalism in the Civil War.
Addams described the ethnic makeup of the neighborhood around Hull – House in her autobiography, noting the gradual outmigration of the more prosperous Irish and German immigrants, and the slow influx of Russian Jews, Italians, and Greeks in their place. In the forty years that passed between her speech at New York’s United Charities Building and her death from cancer in May 1935, Jane Addams managed the ever expanding, always esteemed program at Hull – House.
By 1910, when she published her enormously successful autobiography, Twenty years at Hull-House, the settlement comprised thirteen buildings encircling an entire square block at Halsted and Polk Streets and served several thousand visitors a week, hull house operated as a meeting ground for working class neighbors, labor artists, ethnic club members, intellectuals, religions liberals, teenage athletes, and children in search of a music class, jungle gym, or free bath.
It served, as well as a catalyst for social legislation, political reform, social science theory, and labor organizing at the city, state, and national levels. Addams was the steady arms at the helm of Hull House, attracting extraordinarily gifted, innovative women and men around her and adroitly leading them in the development of the social service programs and legislative agenda.
Works Cited Addams, Jane. Twenty years at Hull-House with autobiographical notes. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1990 .
Fradin, Judith Bloom and Dennis B. Fradin. Jane Addams: champion of democracy. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2006 .
Racism in Movies Analytical Essay essay help online
Even in the twenty first century, race continues to dominate social experiences of Americans. Most of us may cringe at being called a racist but at a subconscious level, we are all influenced by racial stereotypes we have grown up with. These racial stereotypes are propagated by Hollywood movies and popular culture and slowly but surely change who we are and how we view the world around us.
The racial stereotypes are brought out beautifully in the 2004 movie Crash. The movie shows a myriad of people from different walks of life and different races who have their paths cross over a twenty-four hour period and how these racial stereotypes affect their interactions with each other.
The movie has a number of characters who start out with strong racial prejudice but over the course of the movie, realize how wrong these prejudices were. It is not possible to discuss each and every one of these characters and how they become aware of their racial prejudice but a few of these examples will help demonstrate how we are subconsciously misled by this stereotypes. Crash is a perfect example of how we subconsciously size up others and even ourselves based on the race and how these preconceived notions of race can be so wrong.
The character of Tom Hanson in the movie thought he was not racist but at a subconscious level he too was affected by the racial stereotypes just as many of us are unaware of how we subconsciously behave in a particular way in the presence of people of certain race. Hanson, a rookie policeman was outraged when his partner John Ryan pulled over an African American couple and harassed them.
Hanson felt that Ryan’s actions are racist but Ryan tells him that at some level everyone is racist and he will realize this after he had been on the job for some time. Later, when Hanson, mistakenly shot Peter, his action was a direct result of a subconscious stereotyping. Hanson was the last person anyone, including Hanson, expected to be racist. However, when he shot Peter, Hanson realized that he too had been a victim of racial stereotyping.
This particular storyline is a perfect example of how we do not even know ourselves how we are affected by cultural stereotypes. In modern world, we are taught at an early age not to discriminate on the basis of the color of the skin and most of us believe that we are broadminded. Unfortunately, the racial stereotypes are all around us and we are constantly bombarded by these stereotypes through movies, newspapers, commercials and even through our discussions about these stereotypes with other like-minded people.
When we constantly see and hear that a the people of a particular race are much more likely to be criminals or snobs, we start seeing them as criminals or snobs even without realizing it. So Hanson saw a criminal in Peter, even without realizing it and by the time he realized it, Peter was already dead and Hanson was aware that he too was affected by cultural stereotypes.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Anthony, like many African Americans lived his life to reflect all the racial stereotypes of his race and doing so he and people like him strengthen the established stereotypes which makes it even more difficult for the society to become less racist. Anthony rationalized that since people already expected him to behave in a certain way, there was no harm in doing so. So, he carjacked, stole, and refused to tip because it was expected of him.
Anthony believed that everyone around him was racist and judged him based on the color of his skin. He also believed that the white people were responsible for all the problems faced by black people and so by hurting the rich people he was only getting even. As it turned out, Anthony had got himself caught in these racial stereotypes.
He assumed that all black people were poor and traveled by bus and that all rich people were white. He even claimed that he would never rob a black person. So he was taken by surprise when he realized that Cameron, one of his rich, carjack victims was black. Anthony had built his own world based on his interpretation of racial stereotypes and found it difficult to except that people could exist outside of these stereotypes.
Like Anthony, many of us get caught up in the cultural and racial stereotypes we grow up with. So we subconsciously end up behaving and acting in a way that strengthen the cultural stereotypes. For example, the stereotype that black people are criminals is strengthened by the fact that a much larger percentage of those in federal prisons are African American.
Black people are also usually poorer than white people. Of course some of this can be attributed to the fact that historically black people were always discriminated against but these demographical facts tend to strengthen our cultural stereotypes resulting in most of us subconsciously developing or living these stereotypes.
Even when people are able to break the stereotypes and leave behind their past to become successful, very often they find that the past does not leave them and comes back to haunt them, as it happens with Cameron in the movie.
Cameron fell victim to stereotyping even though he did not fit these stereotypes and found himself defending his right to be rich and black both with the white policemen and the black criminals.
We will write a custom Essay on Racism in Movies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cameron was a rich and successful movie director who had lived a charmed life and had little connection with other African Americans who lived a marginalized life. He had rarely if ever been a victim of racial discrimination. So when he was pulled over and harassed by white policemen, it shook up his self esteem and self identity.
Later, when Anthony called him “nigga”, he got enraged, even though it is common for black men to use the word when referring to each other. According to Nadel, “use of the word nigger… speaks to an internalization of the colonizers’ label on the part of the colonized. This internalization and subsequent verbalization is a reflection of racial self alienation on the part of those who consciously or unconsciously make use of the word when referring to self or other” (Nadel 41).
This may explain Cameron’s anger at being called a “nigga”. Use of the word pushed his identity back to that of the colonized and for a man who had worked hard to leave behind this identity and build himself a new identity, the realization that he can never be free of past because of racial stereotypes that people like Anthony further strengthen made him angry and embarrassed of the fact that he was black.
Even though modern Americans likes to believe that they are not racist, we can never completely rise above our conditioning and like Jean Cabot, often find ourselves judging people based on the color of their skin. According to Omi, “in our society, one of the first things we notice about people when we encounter them is their race.
We utilize race to provide clues about who a person is and how we should relate to her/him” (Omi 551). In Crash Jean too found herself judging people just on the basis of race. So when she saw two black men coming towards her, she got scared because based on racial stereotyping, she expected all black men to be thieves and murderers. Later, she assumed that the Hispanic locksmith too would be a thief, once again based on racial stereotypes borrowed from popular culture.
As Omi mentioned, we often use race to size up people. Unfortunately, we do not usually use our personal experience of people of these races when forming our opinion about them. Most of the time, we depend on popular culture and the established stereotypes to decide how a person of a particular race would behave and not our own personal experience.
One reason for this could be that even in the modern world, we have little interactions with people of other race. Even when we do interact, we prefer to maintain a distance from them because we do not easily trust people of other races. These limited interaction prevent us from forming our own personal opinions and force us to turn to popular culture that in turn makes us racist but feeding us racial stereotypes.
So we see that in normal for people to use the established racial stereotypes to judge other people even though we know that these stereotypes are wrong. Many of us do not have any personal reference point and so judge people based on how their race is represented in popular culture.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Racism in Movies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Even worse is that we may be so influenced by these stereotypes that many of us may actually subconsciously follow these stereotypes ourselves and in the process strengthen them. In the modern world, no one likes to be called a racist and many of us believe that we are above racism. But Crash, which is a very realistic reflection of life, shows how much we can be mislead by the popular culture and how at a subconscious level, we may all be a little bit racist.
Works Cited Crash. Dir. Paul Haggis. Bob Yari Production. 2004. DVD.
Nadell, James. “Boyz N the Hood: A Colonial Analysis” Celluloid Dreams: How Film Shapes America. Eds. Chris M. Ramos, David T. Mayeda and Lisa Pasko. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt Publishing, 2010. 147-151. Print.
Omi, Michael. “In Living Color: race an American Culture”. Celluloid Dreams: How Film Shapes America. Eds. Chris M. Ramos, David T. Mayeda and Lisa Pasko. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt Publishing, 2010. 147-151. Print.
Architecture of Frank Gehry Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Introduction The essay is a comparison of architectural work of Frank Gehry. He is a Canadian-American born in 1929 living in Los Angeles, California. All of his works have elicited excitement; even his own residential home has turned out to be a tourist attraction. In 2010, he was labeled the most important architect of our age.
Indeed, he is credited for a number of work such as Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, MIT Stata Center in Cambridge in Massachusetts, Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles to mention but a few. His works have been categorized as being deconstructivism (post-structuralist) as it goes beyond present modalities of structural definition. In most of his work, he uses unorthodox materials such as corrugated metal as well as chain link.
The result is usually an unexpected twisted form which tends to break the general accepted building designs. As a result his, most of his works have been termed as radical, playful, sensual and organic. The paper only compares and contrasts two of his famous buildings “Guggenheim Museum Bilbao” and “Walt Disney Concert Hall”.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Guggenheim Museum Bilbao has been thought to be the greatest building of our time it is 24,000m2 where almost a halve of it is dedicated to exhibition purposes. The building is characterized by twisted, lines that are curving as well as a series of interlinking volumes made up of limestone coated with orthogonal shapes while some are made up of titanic skin.
A glass curtain wall complements this design making the building to be transparent. The color of the limestone was dictated by the match it will bring with the existing building, Deusto University. The glass used was treated to help protect the inside of the building from heat as well as radiation while making sure that light penetrated. Additionally the titanium which looked like fish scale added beauty to the building (Bucher 73).
It is over 50 meters tall and well illuminated thanks to the wide windows. The space used for exhibition has 20 galleries having unusually irregularity, exhibition of huge art works and some having a classical proportion.
The building also contains an auditorium accommodating 300 seating visitor, a restaurant, two cafes, a store and a bookshop. These blocks were designed in such a way that it is possible to access them from the museum square or from outside the building thus making it possible to be operated independently. The atrium ensures that visitors are able to see the hills and estuary.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The floors of the galleries are linked to a system of curved walk ways which are suspended from the ceiling, glass lifts as well as stairs. The building was design in such a way that it looks like a ship, this indeed goes well with the presence of the river hence deemed to be environmentally friendly (Guggenheim Bilbao par. 6).
Despites its glow, there are some problems linked to the building. In less than three years since its occupation, the building was stained by rust-like stains. This is attributed to air pollution, moisture as well as silicon utilized during construction of the building. Frank blames the inability to thoroughly clean the building as the major cause of this problem (Bucher 23).
Fig. 1: Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Walt Disney Concert Hall While Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was an art museum, Walt Disney Concert Hall is a concert hall located at 111 South Grand Avenue in Los Angeles California. The construction cost was $240 million. Regarding the work, Paul Goldberger stated that “It is a serene; ennobling building that will give people in this city of private places a new sense of the pleasures of public space” (Dal Co
“Waste” by Wendell Berry Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Wendell Berry, the author of “Waste”, makes a convincing argument that people cause as well as suffer from the problem of waste. In the article, the author recounts how he has become acutely aware of the waste problems in his rural area. He notices trash polluting the rivers near his farm.
He infers that his neighbors upstream are both carelessly wasting and improperly disposing of highly dangerous items. He concludes that this practice causes significant threats to human health and to the environment. He indicts society at all levels for allowing a culture of planned obsolescence and excess packaging to persist. He makes a powerful case that this indulgence leads to the waste of human resources as well.
Berry observes rising rivers flooding his fields with trash, such as cans, and plastic jugs. He expresses frustration concerning this mass of packaging and broken products with no other destination, at best, but a landfill, and at worst, someone’s yard or a local river. Berry’s experience is by no means confined to his “beautiful river” community.
Such wastefulness is ubiquitous. In the college cafeteria, students, who are allowed to serve themselves as much as they wish, thoughtlessly throw away perfectly good food. Whether because of taste, lack of appetite, or weight concerns, entire trays of uneaten food fill the garbage bins.
A recently observed student served himself pizza, salad, chicken, noodles, and a wrap sandwich, tasted each, and tossed the rest, a nearly universal pattern. Besides food waste, consider the end of semester trash piles, composed of the plastics, paper, textiles, metal, and newly obsolete electronics that briefly furnished a dorm room. This toxic e-waste will likely end up poisoning poor kids elsewhere. Thus Berry’s identification of waste problems is applicable nearly everywhere.
Berry further notes the ill effects of the current system throughout our environment. The practice of planned obsolescence and excessive packaging both pollutes and unnecessarily consumes energy, water, and other resources. As just one example, huge forests are sacrificed for trivia such as disposable chopsticks and political mailers. Deforestation is linked to increased CO2 levels, thus potentially contributing to global climate change.
Berry carries the notion of ill effects on humans a step further. He asserts that industrial food production isolates most people from this traditional means of livelihood. He links this to the fact that kids and the elderly have few ways to contribute meaningfully in Western society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Berry links the centralization of food production and productive power to an overall deterioration of values and chronic unemployment. Thus the system of planned waste built into current practices has negative effects on the environment, on human health, and on society.
In conclusion, Berry draws a direct connection between what he describes as, “the gathering of the productive property and power into fewer and fewer hands” on the one hand, and an ugly visual landscape, a toxic environment, and wasted human lives, on the other hand. As a call to action, his very personal reflection on the trash drifting by his farm is an effective one. By taking action now, we may be able harness our creativity to halt the destruction of our ecosystems and our society.
Reference List Berry, W. (1990). Waste. In What Are People For? (pp. 127-128). New York: North Point Press.
Becoming a Citizen in a Democratic Society Essay college application essay help
Democratic societies the world over are supposed to guarantee certain inalienable rights to the citizens. Rights such as freedom of assembly, speech and worship are universal every individual can claim entitlement to. Citizens on the other hand are required to conduct themselves in a certain way as they enjoy these rights; in other words freedom should be accompanied by responsibility.
In modern society the level of moral decadence especially among the young people has reached alarming proportions. Moral decay among the young people is evident going by the number of juvenile crimes such as shootings in schools, drug and alcohol abuse and teen pregnancy.
This situation has been made worse by the breakdown of the social fabric characterized by the disjointed family as parents are rarely available to guide the children on how to become responsible young adults. The government has not helped the situation as it has denied the parents the opportunity to discipline the children by allowing children to report cases of punishment to the police.
Schools are supposed to mould children into morally upright citizens considering that they spend the better of the day in school. Unfortunately schools in most instances concentrate on the academic development of children leaving them morally deprived.
According to Piaget, all development emerges from action; that is to say, individuals construct and reconstruct their knowledge of the world as a result of interactions with the environment. (Nucci, 2008).
Children rely on what they observe to determine what is right or wrong. Piaget observes that simple rules that children establish as they play games to help them identify what is and what is not fair play determines their “later moral thinking”. Interaction with adults is another major contributor to children moral development as they view them as role models.
Culture and morality are intertwined, to understand moral development, there is need to understand how culture influences our behavior. Culture is a means by which human beings express their way of life; it provides a means of identifying a group of people as distinct from another. With globalization, technology and movement of people across borders, the culture as we knew it has been redefined.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There is a new of form of identity that seeks to create a homogenous community through the social networks. Citizenship as we know it is slowly being replaced by global citizenship that transcends language, religion, ethnicity and region. To preserve the erosion of culture as a means of identity, people have adopted the idea of intercultural dialogue.
The aim of this perspective is to support the preservation and blend of various cultures. Intercultural dialogue enables people to learn more about other cultures thereby eliminating negative perceptions and biases. Intercultural dialogue supports the preservation as well as the fusion of various cultures. The focus of intercultural dialogue is on the willingness to learn about other cultures without the adoption of stereotypes and biases, which are often used to negatively represent a culture. (Marbaniang, 2011)
Intercultural dialogue has also benefited from sports more than from anything else. A sport like soccer has helped create a society that goes beyond boundaries, race and ethnicity. Sports have helped people to appreciate and respect other cultures; this is because sports participants are in constant interaction with people from different cultural backgrounds.
Sports and travel have changed the world by opening opportunities for learning and tolerating other people’s values. Sports have a way of connecting with people and culture beyond tourist attractions and museums. (Branham, 2011).
Class Activities To fully understand the concept of good moral citizenly, students can undertake a physical exercise that may involve the cleaning of a nearby road. Being the first activity outside school it will be received a mixture of excitement and apprehension.
Students will want to know why they are cleaning the road yet that has always been the responsibility of the municipal employees. To make the student understand, it is important to explain to them why it is important to play the role of adults and the benefits of undertaking such an exercise. Also tell them the health benefits that accrue from cleaning the environment.
A visit to the local municipal office can help students understand why such activities are important. The officer at the municipal office will explain to the pupils that it is a requirement of law to regularly clean the environment. Make the students understand that they will be expected to play such roles as citizens once they become adults.
We will write a custom Essay on Becoming a Citizen in a Democratic Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To help students understand and be proud citizens, there should be programs designed to help them understand their country. Most countries have very rich historical backgrounds that are often ignored in normal school curriculum. Visiting of museums, important monuments and archives where such information is available can greatly enhance the pride of students as citizens.
To enrich the students understanding of other cultures, schools can also organize for trips around the world. These trips will offer the students an opportunity to sample other cultures through food, shelter, religion and language. This kind of program can help students relate their own culture with other cultures that are unfamiliar to them.
Once students are back from such a trip, they can be asked to explain what they learnt orally and also put it in writing. This example can be adopted as a long term project to help students develop an understanding of issues in their country as well as around the world.
References Branham, J. (2011). 5 ways sports and travel unite passion and culture around the world. Budget Travel Adventures. Web.
Marbaniang, S. (2011). Identify
The Consumerism Features Essay best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Consumerism in the 18th Century
Consumerism before the World War 1 era
Consumerism in the Post World War 1 era
Consumerism in the twentieth century
Introduction It has become a cliché that the world we inhabit is a consumer centered world, otherwise known as a consumer society. The modern world has been taken over by a consumer culture that stemmed from the consumer revolution. The desire to have luxurious goods and services has come to be common in the modern society (Stearns, 2010).
Consumerism in the 18th Century The features of consumerism that had prevailed in the pre modern society had a global inclination. Pre-modern consumerism had developed extensively in Asian nations like China and in the Middle East compared to Western Europe. Consumption relied heavily on international trade for instance Chinese silk.
Consumerism in the western countries depended heavily on the global consumerism patterns then. It was stimulated by access to new goods from other countries sugar, silk and cotton from India. Also, the huge profits and goods they got from global trade and trade in slaves that benefited western European states and the northern America (Stearns, 2010).
As the contacts of western European’s contacts replicated through colonial acquisitions, businessmen and diplomats from the West modeled consumer centered aspects. They wanted to replicate consumer behavior back at their home. Tourism has also contributed to the spread of the European consumerism.
Western people persuaded other people to open up to the new forms of consumerism with promises of big markets for western made products in exchange with allowing colonialism. Communities which already had some elements of consumerism merged these elements with those of the people from the west. Finally consumerism became a norm and came to shape societal elements –the socio-economic changes (Stearns, 2007).
Consumerism then did not spread in an even manner. Some form of resistance developed then due conservatism of old communities. Expansion of globalism at the global level had common elements the spreading of goods and methods of marketing used in Western Europe. Economic factors affected consumerism. Some communities had poor economies as compared to others. The spread of consumerism contained aspects of western civilization. Western consumerism patterns are considered to be the most successful (Stearns, 2007).
Hilton (2003) observes that when the twentieth century is talked about, consumption, prices and a material culture are terms that cannot be evaded. These form a background of how the 20th century was understood. During this century, notions of producing goods, labor and wage among other forms of ideologies combined to bring about a Productivity Mentality. This mentality was a big contributor of the growth in consumerism.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The sudden rise in production as a result of the early revolution in industry which was accompanied by massive production of goods and services encouraged consumption. The market rules and forces of supply and demand necessitated a rising in demand. Revolution in industry led to revolution in production. Later, the rise in production led to the rise in the problem of consumption.
Need for consumers became the biggest problem. Consumption was raised to a high level such that it became impossible to sustain. However, this religion of consumerism was contrary to the real religion as religion taught a control of desire while consumerism encouraged the desire to consume. In the world of materialism, this culture has to be pulled into science. Business, as a subject was introduced into American universities as an academic discipline (Stearns, 2010).
Consumerism before the World War 1 era The world experienced a business boom in the early 1920s. The economy experienced a stable growth and expansion. The growth in the economy was fueled by three factors; availability of machines to be used in the production process, factories which dealt with processing and manufacturing of goods and a standardized process of mass production. These three factors brought about a certain cycle which was self perpetuating.
Standardization in massive production of goods led to a build up of better and effective machinery in the factories. This in turn fuelled higher productivity of goods which was accompanied with higher salaries and wages. With improved production and good wages, a higher demand for goods to consume was inevitable. This demand in turn led to more standardization in production of goods. The business boom progressed until 1929 (Stearns, 2007).
The boom in the 1920s was triggered by a number of factors. One of them was the First World War. This war affected technology in a very big way. The consequences of the war stimulated old industries for instance the steel and petroleum industries thus helping create a ray of new industries like plastic and rayon.
The expenditure grew in this period with more being spent on purchasing and establishing new machines for industrial production. Growth in scientific management also came to be at this period. In 1920s, the government of the United States implemented management in science at a very large scale. It invested a lot of money into scientific research. Then, there was a sharp rise in productivity by workers. Earnings of workers swell making them to become regular consumers.
There was also the psychology of consumption that had germinated in Americans. It is also referred to as conspicuous consumption; and the culture seemed to dominate the mindset of Americans at the aftermath period of the First World War. Examples of this culture included radio establishment, motion pictures, invention of electronic appliances and a revolution in automobile goods.
We will write a custom Essay on The Consumerism Features specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The psychology that was inclined to consumption was more visible in the automobile industry. The last factor was the relationship that existed between the government and business. During this period, big businessmen in America enjoyed more than they did enjoy in progressivism. The federal government supported big businesses in an enormous way (Stearns, 2007).
Consumerism in the Post World War 1 era After the period of the great depression of the 1930s, more countries began to focus more on Science and Technology. This was seen as a solution to the many problems that were taunting humanity then. There were a lot of innovations and inventions which led to an upsurge of new products in the market.
Desire to test the newer products that were being produced became the order of the day. Consumption became more of a way of living with people consuming without even considering the dangers posed by some of the products. Concerns about the environment cropped up with people who cared about the environment advocating fro safer consumption patterns. Conservatism arose from these concerns.
The conservatives were against the use of products which had detrimental effects to the consumers and the environment. An example is the debate that arose about the effects of using a chemical called dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane – DDT that was used for making pest control chemicals (Stearns, 2010).
At the second half of the twentieth century, there was a massive growth of the world population more so in Western European Nations. The growth in the world population can be attributed to the revolution in agriculture.
The growth in population due to bettered lives from agricultural production encouraged people to settle and reproduce thus a swell in population that called for increased production of goods to meet the growing population therefore encouraging a culture of consumption (Caldwell, Caldwell, Caldwell, McDonald,
Divorce within 10 years and its effects on minor children Research Paper college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Types of problems manifested by children of divorced families
Introduction Studies carried out on the effects of divorce illustrate that young children in divorced families experience more problems than those in two-parent married homes. These children have adjustment problems in school; they tend to struggle with self esteem issues and tend to develop behavioral deviances.
Effects Hetherington (1999) found that 10% of all the children in two-parent households develop serious behavioral problems. On the other hand, 34% of female children and 26% of male children in divorced families were problematic. However, one must realize that not all young children from divorced families will experience problems; these studies simply indicate that, as a group, children from divorced homes are more problematic than children in married homes.
These problems emanate from a series of situations that are unique to divorce. Children in these situations experience difficulties because of parental loss. They typically lose contact with the non-custodial parent. Minor children need the practical and emotional support that comes from both parents. When divorce takes place, children loose the skills, knowledge and resources associated with one parent.
A study carried out by Kelly and Emery (2003) found that, on average, non custodial parents tended to visit their children once a week. If this parent is male, then children have a 20% chance of never seeing that parent again, two or three years after the divorce. Contact is a crucial factor in the establishment of strong parent to child relationships; this affects a child’s ability to adjust.
Analyses illustrate that fathers who make frequent contacts with their children in a non custodial arrangement tend to minimize conflict between the child and them. These children also fare better in their social and school lives. They tend to benefit from the warmth, help, and expectation-setting that come from increased contact with the non custodial parent.
Young children in divorced families experience more problems than those in married families because of economic losses in the arrangement. When a divorce occurs, children lose the economic resources that both parents would have contributed. As a result, the custodial parent is likely to struggle with provision of certain needs.
It is a fact that earning a small income than before can lead to interruptions. Such a caregiver would have to alter schools in order to minimize expenses. He or she may need to switch to a cheaper day care or minimize weekend outings. When the changes are substantial, the child may need to alter his or her relationships, or may have to lose friends. All these alterations may cause problems.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The divorce process also leads to intense life stress among children in these situations. As explained above, children in divorced homes must make so many adjustments after the divorce such as school and relationship alterations. These stressors are quite difficult to handle, and may lead to subsequent problems in the future.
A study carried out by Crowder and Teachman (2004) revealed that young children who grew up in a single parent home with more stresses, such as frequent relocations, were more likely to become school dropouts or become pregnant in their teens. If the custodial parent goes through multiple divorces, then the child is likely to experience social problems in the future. Increased stress comes from the feeling that the child has less control over his or her life than he had before the divorce.
Furthermore, if parents do not talk to their children prior to or during the divorce about the causes of the divorce, then children become more stressed. Some parents may talk to their children about the divorce but may not listen to their opinion. In this regard, children may still feel frustrated about the situation. Painful memories of all the changes that they underwent during the divorce may haunt them. This implies that divorce is indeed a distressful and painful period for young children.
Parents also play a significant role with regard to children’s health. The custodial parent’s mental health affects most children tremendously. If a custodial parent has adjustment issues, then this may affect the child’s well-being in a negative way. Furthermore, parental competence issues are a crucial contributor to the level of failure or success in divorced families. Parental practices tend to reduce immediately after a divorce.
This usually leads to some problems encountered by children in later life. Besides this, parents in single parent homes tend to expose their children to fewer child rearing skills. Sometimes, the capable parent may lose custody of a child in a divorce, and this may be detrimental to the child’s well being.
One of the most profound difficulties that children experience after divorce is the conflict between their parents. Tensions and conflicts are frequent between divorced parents. If these are intense and occur frequently, then children tend to report more complications in the future.
Types of problems manifested by children of divorced families Children react differently to divorce depending on: the child’s developmental stage, the parent’s ability to meet the child’s needs, the prevalence and duration of conflict between the parents, and the relationship quality between a child and his parents prior to the divorce. If parents can deal with the above challenges positively, then a child is less likely to exhibit behavioral and developmental challenges later.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Divorce within 10 years and its effects on minor children specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the common reactions among children after divorce is denial. This is likely to occur if the children are slightly younger. Some of them may make up stories in order to cover up the divorce.
They might reconcile their tensions with fantasies. For instance, some of them may assert that their parents will take them to Disneyland even when minimal contact exists between the children and their two parents. Conversely, some of them may talk about the non custodial parent’s move next door.
All these stories are attempts at resisting this painful separation from both parents. In older children, milder fantasies are likely to occur. For instance, many of them may be preoccupied with reconciliation. They may console themselves that their parents are going to get back together even when this is unlikely to occur (Temke, 2006).
Other children develop a fear of abandonment. After a separation, children start worrying about their future and the person who will care over them. Some of them may think that a divorce can also occur between parents and children and that their parents will also leave them. Such fears tend to increase when the custodial parent badmouths the other parent.
For instance, if the custodial parent says ‘Daddy is leaving you and me’, then the child may feel quite vulnerable to abandonment. Children manifest these insecurities through the use of words that demonstrate a need for greater protection.
Other children may exhibit excessive anger and hostility. Following the tensions and stresses that stem from the divorce, some children may use hostility to diffuse these stresses.
They may react negatively to their parents, schoolmates and siblings, if they have any. Most of the time, children may express anger towards the parent who they think is the source of the divorce. They can even get angrier when the custodial parent starts dating again. In divorce scenarios, children may triangulate. The latter term refers to rejection of the non custodial parent.
Alternatively, they may have divided loyalties when they try to satisfy both parents. Besides anger, children may also develop depression. Some of them may experience social withdrawal. Here, they may stop playing sports, going out or interacting with friends. Alternatively, others may start injuring themselves. Issues such as cutting are especially common among female adolescents. One may also detect depression in these children through loss of sleep, poor eating habits such as excessive or minimal feeding, and weariness.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Divorce within 10 years and its effects on minor children by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In younger children, immaturity or rapid maturity is common. Some children react to divorce by trying to go back to the times when everything was okay. They may wet their beds or engage in baby talk as an attempt to look for security. Conversely, some children may grow up too fast. They may take charge and even presume the role of the other parent who left. This is an attempt to meet the needs of the custodial parent.
Guilt and blame are also quite common. Children sometimes feel responsible over the divorce. This may occur when parents fight over the children’s custodial arrangements or visiting schedules. Some of them may promise their parents exemplary behavior if they reconcile.
Conclusion Children in divorced families report more behavioural and psychological issues. The problems emanate from economical difficulties, poor parental competence, inter parental conflict, minimal parental contact with the non custodial caregiver and life stresses. These issues may result in anger, immaturity or rapid maturity, excessive anger, abandonment and denial. Parents must try to assist their children in dealing with these issues by maintaining high quality relationships with them and minimising conflict between themselves.
References Crowder, K.
A Mexican American Cultural Experience Essay college application essay help
America is the melting pot of the world. One can encounter many different cultures within a community. As a result, there are several options for cultural experiences available. One particular event that occurred within my community was a Mexican American Festival.
This was a festival acknowledging the Day of Dead which was celebrated throughout Mexico on November 1. At first, I thought it was another Halloween party, but it turned out to be something completely different.
In Mexico, the Day of Dead (Día de Muertos) is a traditional holiday to remember all of one’s family members and friends who have passed away. As tradition goes, families will visit the cemetery and decorate the graves with colorful flowers, candles, and other little adornments.
At home, the memorial continues as the families create an alter with a picture of the person who has passed away and they decorate this alter with things that were of interest to the deceased when they were alive. This is followed by a huge family gathering including music, food, and fun for everyone. The belief is that during the Day of the Dead, the deceased love will return and visit their alter.
There were several people from the Mexican culture at the Mexican American Festival. There were several families with many children, seniors, and groups of friends. Many of the Hispanic people were dressed in authentic Mexican clothes including
sombreros and boots for the men and large colorful, flowing dresses for the women. Others were dressed like the current fad. There was a mixture of different clothing, but one could tell it was a Mexican celebration because many had authentic wear or things one would not normally see in the American culture.
The entire hall was decorated with skeletons and skulls which is a traditional Day of the Dead decoration in Mexico. There were also piñatas hanging from the ceiling and the lights were lowered with some disco lights. Each table was nicely decorated with small skulls of many different colors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There was a huge dance floor in the middle of the hall and a food buffet in the back of the hall. All of the deco rations were symbolistic of the Mexican culture and were very colorful and festive. It was hard to believe that this was a celebration of death. On the largest wall in the hall was a huge piece of while bulletin board paper with some pens where many of the Mexican people wrote the names of the their deceased family members and friends. This paper was full of name.
A form of Mariachi music or salsa music was playing and many people were dancing and having a good time. For awhile, they had a live Mexican band and other times, they had a DJ who played discs. The form of dance was very different from the American way of dancing.
It seemed that all of the couples were dancing in a similar 1-2 step fashion. At times it was a salsa dance and other times it was a cumbia or a bachata dance. Some were dancing as a couple and others were dancing in a circle of friends. The music upbeat and lively throughout the entire party.
There was also a lot of traditional Mexican food that would be eaten during the Day of the Dead in Mexico. One thing that stood out were the sugar skulls. There were little skulls made out of marzipan. In addition, there were also several skulls shaped cookies and cakes.
All of the pastries were in the form of skeleton and skulls just as it is done in Mexico. Dinner was also available for those who were hungry. The menu consisted of tamales, tacos, beans, rice, chicken mole, pozole, and corn on the cob. All meals were served with warm corn tortillas.
The food was free with paid admission and there was more than plenty to go around. Plenty of hot sauce was also available. As for drinks, there were Coca Colas, fruit juices, tea, and of course, Corona, the most famous beer of Mexico. Even though people were drinking alcohol, it was a family event and all was very well-controlled.
The Day of the Day is a very festive day that is celebrated in all parts of Mexico. The Mexican people who live here in the United States continue to celebrate their tradition. I enjoyed the festival and I learned a lot about the Mexican culture. The food, the dance, the decorations and the symbolism behind the reason for the festival was very culturally oriented, educational, and entertaining.
We will write a custom Essay on A Mexican American Cultural Experience specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It gave me an entire new respect in the Mexican culture. By attending festivals such as this one, I feel that I better understand a small part of the Mexican culture and it was an honor to be apart of such a sentimental memorial. It was a very important event for each and every participant and their Mexican pride was very evident.
I believe that if more people could attend festivals such as this one; not only from the Mexican culture, but also from other cultures, much of the world’s racism might be eliminated. Racism stems from a lack of understand, and when one is offered opportunities such as this one, an opportunity for understanding the culture is available. Although I did not understand the language, I still had fun and for the most part, understood everything that was going on. Viva Mexico!
Goodman Brown political views and religious beliefs Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story Young Goodman Brown, there exists sufficient evidence to prove that death and birth can be symbolized through events, characters and objects. These symbols do not only highlight the main themes in the short story, but also represent Hawthorne’s political views and religions beliefs. The main characters who symbolize death and birth are Faith (Young Goodman Brown’s wife) and a grave man whom Brown meets in the forest.
The forest is depicted being gloomy dreary and evil. Additionally, Faith symbolizes political conservativeness as she clings to conservative Christianity throughout. Such conservativeness ensures that she does not suffer eternal condemnation like her husband Young Goodman Brown who is meant to represent the political hypocrites like Governor Howard Dean who changed views to suit their political whims.
Furthermore, the serpent like features that the grave man has is also a symbol of death. In addition, the departure of Young Goodman Brown from his wife’s comfortable house into the darkness of the forest symbolizes the birth of Brown’s new life. It also represents the departure from popular conservativeness to the unpopular liberal mindedness, which provokes a conflict of a person against the entire mainstream of society.
Therefore, characters, objects and events in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown do not only symbolize death and birth, but also reveal prevailing political views and religious beliefs. Hawthorne’s religious beliefs are evident in the short story and feature death and birth.
This concept of death and birth is seen from the beginning of the story due to the characters, such as Faith, Young Goodman Brown’s wife. Faith is symbol of the puritan Christian life. Faith like President Bush “relied too much on faith to make decisions” (Facts on File News Services para 7) when she pleads Brown to “put off his journey and sleep in his own bed until sunrise” (Hawthorne 7). however, her requests are unsuccessful.
This is a sign of Faith’s relevance as a life sustaining figure in Brown’s life; Faith’s religious beliefs seem to convince her that the journey will mark Brown’s death. It also signifies Hawthorne’s belief that Christianity is the foundation of successful life. Once in the forest, Brown meets a grave man adorned in “grave and decent attire… and had a staff, which bore the likeness of a great black snake” (Hawthorne 10).
The black snake is a token of the evil in the society and also signifies departure from mainstream conservative views. Like abortion which many of the conservative Christians oppose (Facts on File News Services para 26- 28), the black snake is a mark of liberal mindedness.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, Brown confesses to the grave man that his “father… and his father before him… were a race of honest men and good Christians” (Hawthorne 12). This signifies that Hawthorne believes Christianity to be the only way to live an honest and fruitful life. This encounter further implies that Brown’s ancestors had been devoted Christians and significantly marks the death of Christian beliefs.
Throughout the night, Brown is experiencing disturbing visions. That’s why in the morning when he goes back home to his wife Faith, Brown’s Christian spirit had died. In church, Brown realizes the extent of his spiritual death when the preaching makes no meaning to him, and he labels the preacher as a blasphemer. Brown’s spiritual death also symbolizes his physical death. His spiritual death is a precursor to his physical one.
When Brown was “borne to his grave a hoary corpse”, the mourners “carved no hopeful verse upon his tombstone, for his dying hour was gloom” (Hawthorne 26). Therefore Hawthorne asserts that the loss of ones religious identify is the beginning of one’s spiritual and the ultimate physical death. Brown chooses to forsake his Christian faith and live a faithless life when he decides to visit the forest for an “evil purpose” (Hawthorne 7).
Unlike Senator Kerry who chose to be “on God’s side” despite of being criticized for being too liberal (Facts on File News Services para 24), Brown chooses to be on the devil’s side when he decides to go to the forest with an evil aim. This is the birth of Brown’s faithless life through which his eventual death is symbolized. Brown takes “a dreary road, darkened by all the gloomiest trees of the forest… with narrow path creeping through, and closed immediately behind…” (Hawthorne 9).
Furthermore, Brown knows that he is in the midst of “unseen multitudes” (Hawthorne 7) implying that there are unseen evil forces in the forest. Like Senator Kerry who forsakes some of the Catholic beliefs and is against campaigns for abortion (Facts on File News Services para 10), Brown decides to renounce his Christian leads to his spiritual and physical death..
It is imperative to state that Hawthorne alludes to the fact that evil and death exist in the real world. Human beings are carriers, and regardless people believing in God and serving Him, this evil lives even among those who confess to Christianity. The only way of escaping such a situation is through chaste followership of Christian belief. Hawthorne attains this by comparing the appearance of the grave man to Brown.
In Hawthorne’s words, the grave man “bore a considerable resemblance to Brown more in expression than in feature” (Hawthorne 10). Symbolically, the grave man portrays gloom and evil as a real personification of Death. It can be argued from this assertion that Brown’s resemblance to the grave man reflects evil and death which exist in a real world and which human beings unknowingly posses.
We will write a custom Essay on Goodman Brown political views and religious beliefs specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, the grave man tries to appeal to Brown not to be afraid since Brown’s relatives as well as other Christians “were my good friends, both; and many a pleasant walk have we had along this path, and returned merrily after midnight” (Hawthorne 13). The grave man can be likened to Senator Kerry.
Like Senator Kerry who forsook his Christian beliefs propagating atrocious acts such as abortion (Facts on File News Services para 10), the grave man helped members of Brown’s family, such as Brown’s father and grandfather, as well as other Christians who had lived in chastity to commit acts of atrocity. Senator Kerry’s as well as the grave man’s actions are symbols of the death of Christianity that also illustrate Hawthorne’s belief that evil and religion exist side by side, and that the most chaste people can avoid evil.
The use of symbols also illustrates Hawthorne’s political views in the United States and the relationship between politics and religion. Various symbols within Young Goodman Brown reveal the dominant political ideologies and what a significant role religion, especially Christianity, plays in American politics.
In the recent years, “U.S. politicians have become increasingly vocal about their religious beliefs” (Facts on File News Services para 10). However, such a vocalization of their religious inclination has lead to much criticism or the decline of some of politicians’ political life. Like Senator Kerry who vocalized antireligious views which lead to “denial of communion” (Facts on File News Services para 34) with the church and the society, Brown’s anti Christian stance results to him in being considered an outcast.
As it is explained above, this is the beginning of Brown’s death. Similarly, Senator Kerry’s support of pro-choice views, which are in opposition to mainstream catholism views on life, led to his eventual political death. While Hawthorne’s views on the relationship between religion and politics are not explicit in Young Goodman Brown, the implications are evident when analyzing the latest occurrences of Vis a Vis in America.
Events, objects and characters of Young Goodman Brown express, albeit implicitly, that Hawthorne sees conservative and liberal political views in a conflict. In Hawthorne’s Young Goodman Brown, there are characters that explicitly support conservative views, but are inwardly democratic.
Hawthorne achieves this through the numerous outwardly chaste characters such as Brown’s father and grandfather with whom the grave man had been “good friends, both; and many a pleasant walk had they had along this path, and returned merrily after midnight” (Hawthorne 13).
Unlike Senator Kerry who explicitly expressed liberal views on religion, these characters chose to remain overtly conservative (staunch Christians), but secretly held liberal anti Christian views by being friends with the grave man. Furthermore, Brown explicitly asserts, “With heaven above and Faith below, I will yet stand firm against the devil!”. Before this statement, he was in the forest and pledged the devil his allegiance to him.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Goodman Brown political views and religious beliefs by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These characters lived in spiritual conflict. This expresses Hawthorne’s political assertions that the society is overtly conservative, and that those who try to pursuit the liberal politics risk to be condemned by the society. Furthermore, this fact also exposes the political hypocrisy within the society where politicians like Governor Howard Dean who embraced Christianity to win governorship (Facts on File News Services para 23) both accept and deny religion to suit their political agenda.
The use of symbolism in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story Young Goodman Brown is not only used to depict brown’s spiritual and physical death, but how dangerous it is for a person to depart from the Christian faith. Moreover, these symbols expose prevailing religious beliefs and political views. Young Goodman Brown ignores his wife’s appeals not to go to the forest at night. This marks Brown’s beginning encountering the death.
Death and birth are not explicitly stated by alluded to through events, objects as well as characters such as Faith and the grave man. Hawthorn’s symbols have also been illuminated through real life figures such as President Bush, Senator Kerry and others. Like most of the conservative Republicans, Faith and other chaste Christians, such as Brown’s father and grandfather, choose to abide by conservative Christianity.
However, liberal mindedness is revealed through Brown, and like other real life figures such as Senator Kerry who suffers eternal condemnation as a result of adopting liberal views. Therefore, through these symbols, Hawthorne makes overt references on the perils of living a faithless life as well. He also highlights the conflict between liberalism and conservativeness as well as how religion influences modern politics.
Works Cited Facts on File News Services. Religion in Politics: Issues
Subsidies in the Airline Term Paper college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Birth of Subsidies for Commercial Airlines
Reason for Subsidies
Forms of Subsidies Given
Discussion and Conclusion
Introduction Air travel has undergone dramatic changes since its humble beginning at the Wright Brothers’ garage. Today, air travel is the most fast and effective form of travelling and many nations boast of having an operational airline with commercial flights being prevalent. These commercial flights are encouraged by governments all over the world since it is understood that increasing movement and availability leads to the prosperity of the nation.
Many governments including the US are therefore in the habit of subsidizing the airline industry and while this habit is not as prevalent as it was in the early years of commercial airlines, it is still present today. Subsidies are seen as necessary to ensure that the industry is successful even in the face of uncertain economic realities. A significant occurrence in the history of US commercial airlines was the enactment of the deregulation Act which removed most of the federal government’s regulations imposed on the industry.
According to Bailey (1986), deregulation and “free sky” resulted in other flavors of government assistance to the industry. This paper will engage in an in-depth description of government assistance to the airline industry. The history of this assistance and why it is necessary will be discussed and any setbacks that can come from subsidizing articulated.
Birth of Subsidies for Commercial Airlines Government subsidies to commercial airlines trace their root to the First World War. As a result of this war, businesses were destroyed, capital diminished and investors were unwilling to take great risks. The War also resulted in the military airplane being seen as a valuable weapon of war. Since hostilities between nations had ceased, some countries decided to develop commercial air transport so as to have a potential military weapon (Hiram, 1998).
Commercial air transport was then a new and experimental business and the private industry was unwilling to fully support it. Government therefore had to assume the lead in promoting the development of air services. Private companies were therefore offered grants to engage in aeronautical research and the government subsidized the purchase of aircraft parts for companies to assemble their aircrafts.
Reason for Subsidies At the onset, airlines were pitted against well established forms of transport. Hiram (1998) states that commercial aviation had to compete with other older agencies of transportation such as railroad, automobile and ships. The general public was not keen on using air transport since its safety was not assured and the cost was significantly high (Warne, 1967).
In all kinds of transport, the safety element is key and the public demands for safety have to be fulfilled before public patronage can be assured. For this reason, key players in the airplane business were forced to assume large risks of loss before they could make any profits. The government therefore had to step in so as to popularize airlines with the public. Subsidies have been a common factor in the development of traditional forms of transport such as the railroad and the automobile.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The government has a vested interest in international aviation since it is regarded as a means of maintaining and extending the commercial or political influence and control (Hiram, 1998, p.199). Governments therefore seek to ensure that they have a well established airline in operation.
Historically, governments have encouraged the construction of railways and waterways from the realization that these infrastructures have military as well as commercial value. Hasbrouck (2006) notes that airlines are paid by the government in return for their agreement to avail their planes to the government in the event of a war. Commercial airlines therefore supplement the military aircrafts as “Reserve Air Fleet”.
Commercial airlines require investments of large amounts of capital before they can be started up. Traffic cannot be developed if the necessary equipment and facilities do not exist. Scott and Farris (1990, p.32) reveals that in air transport, it might take years and even decades before sufficient volume of traffic is attained by an airline to insure profitable performance.
It is unlikely that private investors will be willing to risk on airline ventures with the hope of making profits after many years. The government therefore has to step in to ensure that investors gain some return on their investments sooner than they would without subsidies.
International rivalry is another reason why government subsidies are necessary for commercial air travel. Without subsidizing aviation, a country faces the alternative of using foreign companies which will be allowed to crisscross its territory (Scott
Socrates’ Conception of Law and Justice Essay essay help: essay help
Socrates’ philosophy had a great influence on shifting thinking from basic scientific principles to matters that would satisfy the soul. Plato, one of his students, recorded many of Socrates’ teachings. Socrates was born in Athens. This is the place where he lived and where he came up with most of his ideas. A great philosopher based his conception of justice on the principle: “The man who is good is just”.
Socrates advocated the idea that justice was good, and that meant that injustice was equal to evil. Furthermore, he emphasized that good was a natural deed and not what man thinks he needs. In addition, he said that a person’s nature was an inner self that needed fulfillment, thus the desire to do good was natural.
Providing the explanation of relationship between good and justice, Socrates presented the example of an ill seeking treatment, and who gets a cure and, is finally happy. He also gives the example of another man, who is completely healthy and is, therefore, happier. The point he makes here is that justice is the cure for evil, and that a man who never commits an evil deed do not need to be punished, and thus, happier than a man punished for his misdeeds (Vlastos 300).
Socrates explains the role of justice in man’s life by stating that men should do harm to enemies when they are evil, and be just to those who are good. He, however, does not accept this chain of thoughts, as, according to his belief, doing harm to others makes more harm to ourselves.
This was the beginning of the concept that individual should not harm anyone, even his enemies. Socrates also explains that men fall into pleasures of doing harm to those who harm them instead of being just. Summing up his idea of justice, Socrates declares that to be a poor man who is just is better than being a rich man with wealth acquired through injustice, because injustice taints the soul.
In the Crito, there is a dialogue between Socrates and Crito in Socrates’ prison cell. Socrates was awaiting for his execution, but Crito notes Socrates’ peacefulness, his calm way, and his lack of fear in front of the face of the death. This leads to a debate, because Crito assisted Socrates’ escape, and he argues that accepting death would be a great victory of his enemies. He also adds that Socrates was responsible for the education of young people and could not leave them behind as orphans.
In his response, Socrates insists that reason will guide his decisions unlike the masses that are dependent on random acts as a guide. He asks Crito what the laws say about his escape, and he proceeds to state that the Laws say that a resident’s position in reference to the municipality was like a child in reference to the parent, or like a slave to his master.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He explains that he made a deal with the Laws by remaining in the city and benefiting from it, and that he could not now condemn it on the basis that he was unjustly accused. He further states that the Laws argue that he accepted to obey the law by remaining in Athens after having attained maturity and raised a family within the city walls. Socrates tells Crito that he does not agree with the Law’s argument, but asks if they should accept it, and Crito says that they should. This brings the debate, and then Socrates is executed.
We can sum up Socrates’ conception of law and justice in the Crito, and the Apology as the understanding of what is good means, and that accepting law as justice is important because we accept the law that governs us, and by residing in the law’s jurisdiction, we are subjected to its implementation.
Works Cited Vlastos, Gregory. Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher. United States of America: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Spanking as a Form of Discipline Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Spanking can be described as a form of discipline that is normally enforced on a child for wrongdoing, in an attempt to correct bad behaviors. This is not something that was introduced recently but has always been there since the days of our forefathers. Some argue that it is a cruel form of making a child develop discipline while others argue that it is an effective way that has proven to work. There have been some efforts by a couple of parents to make spanking of children illegal, but this probably only works at the school level.
At home, it is a different case. A child will be spanked if he or she is unruly and quite disrespectful. The thing is that some parents do not really know the borderline between spanking and child abuse. Child abuse in this context is clearly defined as the crime of harming a child in a physical way, probably by beating them up severely or inflicting so much pain in the child that they are unable to do their chores in a normal way. This is illegal and can lead to outright prosecution or even the loss of one’s child to social services.
However, in some cultures, there is no limit as to the extent of disciplining one’s child as long as they do not die. This has caused a lot of trauma in children who grow up in such homes and it eventually wrecks the children who fall victim of this kind of abuse. These children end up even becoming violent in life. They can also become abusers not only of their own kids but the public at large too.
Some end up kidnapping people and torturing them in a bid to relieve off the trauma or stress that they underwent. But they never realize that this never solves anything. If children are not punished, there is high likelihood that they will end up becoming delinquent and ill-mannered. This does not in any way emphasize the level of punishment that should be imposed on a child. It is believed that God expects mankind to be wise enough to know how to handle the young ones in all aspects of life.
Failure to discipline a child ends up making them lazy and unproductive. Some forms of punishments are not really effective. Sending a child to their room in a bid to punish them really does not serve the point because all you do is isolate them and thus no lesson is learnt.
What is normally recommended by child activists is that if you feel that there is a need to discipline the child, do so in a humane manner and make sure that the child knows why he/she is being punished and what they should have done in order to avoid the punishment. Most children never know when they are wrong until they are corrected.
Spanking of children is a good form of disciplining them as long as it is done in a loving way, and the child should not be left to nurse any wounds. This will ensure that they grow up differentiating good behaviors from bad ones and they will not fear the parent. Instead, they will learn that punishment is delivered as way of making better persons out of them.
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A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings: A Tale For Children Essay essay help online
To clearly understand the story, “The Very Old Man with Enormous Wings: A Tale for Children” we must first understand the context to which the story is set. The story is a magical realism set in Latin America which presents a real life story through magic and thus a deeper meaning exists within the story.
In the story it is discovered that the creature does not understand the language spoken by the locals although it was suspected to be Latin, this gives a political dimension to it and as highlighted by Father Gonzales who became suspicious of the creature when he discovered that the creature did not understand the heavenly language.
In this context we can understand that the story is reflective of the political climate of Colombia where it is dominated by two parties, this story is attributed to the writer who is of a mixed race and descended from pirates and smugglers, he has presented himself as the winged creature and thus seemingly making a political statement.
The writer has portrayed himself as an outsider (winged man) and his two hosts as the main political parties in Colombia. One can interpret the unbearable smell as the misbehaviors committed by the outsiders i.e. the pirates and smugglers.
The story can also be placed in a religious context. Believing the language of the old man to be Latin; the people of Macombo have the feeling that the Creature might be an angel. This attracts pilgrims from all over who are expecting to receive miracles. The writer tells of the Portuguese who couldn’t sleep, of the sleepwalker, the woman who had been counting his heartbeat since childhood and many other people with different ailments.
However, no miracle happened and hence no person was healed and instead some of them got even whose. Realizing that they couldn’t be healed the pilgrims forget all about the winged man except Palayo and his wife who continue to live with the creature. The pilgrims are attracted to another spectacle of the woman who was changed to a spider.
The reader observes the magical quality of the winged man through the doctor after he and the child were caught with Chickenpox. The doctor discovers that his heart doesn’t beat normally but makes a ‘faint whistling’, he also realizes that the wings appear naturally and wonders why men cannot have them, in this the writer shows that what appears unnatural to someone can be natural to another or event to ourselves if we take a careful look at something.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On carefully reading the story one can also come to the conclusion that the winged man is an angel that came to protect the child who had just been born. This is because as soon as the child attained the school going age the angel flies away, besides that the winged man is observed playing with the child.
The child behaves with openness towards the angel in a way that is lacking in adults. Also, the coming of the old man with wings brings success to the family of the child; the writer tells us that with the money they had saved up, ‘they built a two storey mansion with balconies and gardens’.
Above all, the story gives a moral lesson to the target audience that it had set to reach, the writer tells us the story of the woman who was changed into a spider for disobeying her parents and thus the story remains folklore nonetheless.
Coca-Cola Open Happiness Advertisement Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Coca-Cola is a global brand. The company’s headquarter is in Atlanta Georgia, but it has business interests all over the world. Its Coca-Cola drink is popular with many customers in all parts of the world. The drink is as old as the company is, but its appeal never seems to fade over time.
This is the result of carefully planned advertising, and marketing campaigns that seek to retain its appeal to all the people in the world. This makes it imperative to look at the flagship advertisement for the Coca-Cola open happiness campaign released in 2010. It will uncover some of the principles the company uses in its advertisements. The goal of this analysis is to examine the effectiveness of the advertisement in communicating the message of the advertising campaign.
The advert starts with a man taking a nap on a picnic shawl. There is a Coca-Cola bottle next to the man. A ladybird flies in and alerts other insects about the presence of the Coca-Cola bottle. Soon after, bees fly in and push down the bottle. Then, locusts on standby use their hind legs to set the bottle rolling downhill towards a stream. At this point, the sleeping man reaches out for the bottle, but a butterfly distracts the man by tickling his nose.
The bottle rolls all the way into the stream. Once there, dragonflies navigate the bottle across obstacles, but the bottle ends up stuck after falling off a waterfall. Thereafter, a swinging silkworm dislodges the bottle. Finally, a rhinoceros beetle opens the bottle. Leaves in the nearby bush conduct the drink to individual flowers from where all the insects participating in the heist get a share.
The advert uses insects as the main actors. Each insect group plays a unique role in the process of getting the bottle opened in order to share its goodness. This choice makes the advert stand out immediately because the insects are doing something that is normally beyond their capacity.
The shared sense of mission provides a unique appeal towards drinking Coca-Cola because it implies that Coca-Cola makes happiness an open thing that is available to everyone. The main appeal employed is the shared sense of happiness. As noted earlier, this was the flagship advert for the Coca-Cola open happiness marketing campaign. Since the Coca-Cola Company sells its products worldwide, the choice of insects in the advert makes it acceptable to all the cultures without the risk of putting off some viewers.
The logical problems in the advert include the fact that the man does not notice any of the things going on around him. The solution to this problem comes from the distraction by the butterfly, which stops him from discovering that the bottle is missing. The other problem is that the insects used in the advertisement are not strong enough to push over a Coca-Cola bottle.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The makers of the advertisement resolved on group action by the insects. The final logical problem is that the insects needed coordination to act as a unit. The ladybird provides leadership for the whole army of insects by travelling with the bottle all the way to the end of the advert. This advertisement effectively communicates the feeling that Coca-Cola sought to pass on to its audience, which is that happiness is open for all.
“Young Goodman Brown”: Setting, Symbolism and Characters Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Young Goodman Brown: Setting and Characters
Symbolism in Young Goodman Brown
Introduction The setting in The Young Goodman Brown influences the development of plot and character. The setting of a play is a crucial element in terms of establishing direction, feel and structure that a specific story carries. Usually, a reflection of numerous essential aspects of work; culture, time, location and tone is determined through the setting of the story. That is how an ambience and emotional connotation within readers are created.
The characters in Young Goodman Brown are direct and sure by-products of communities and environments in which they live. The story portrays a paradigm of a setting’s significance. It exemplifies the importance of setting as it reflects and applies to the core meaning of the piece. The story’s background provides a historical look into the characters and their lifestyles.
For example, one quickly discovers that Brown lives in a puritan society in the 17th century (Crowley 65). Thus, several inferences of the character of Brown can be made. This essay is an analysis of the story’s setting, symbolism and characters.I’ve selected the character of Brown, who contends with aspects of the past. It illustrates how Hawthorne’s setting and symbolism of the Young Goodman Brown contribute to the meaning of the entire piece.
Young Goodman Brown: Setting and Characters Gothic elements are used by Hawthorne in the story to make Brown’s experience convincing and engaging. In part, the gothic aspects of the setting contribute to the story’s intention. The setting is mysterious, and this develops conflict in Brown’s mind and builds his character.
The setting of the Young Goodman Brown ,(the time and location of the action, dusk and forest) cumulatively assists in the devil destructing Brown’s commitment to Puritanism. The elements of forest and darkness turn to haunt Brown. This increases Brown’s internal problems and fear. Due to fear, Brown begins conceiving evil everywhere along his route through the forest. In other words, the forest as a whole represents a gorge of darkness and unconsciousness for Brown (Lynch 64).
With all these devilish elements, the forest at times turns to be part of Brown’s personality. The denser he ventures into the forest, the more he becomes one of his evil. Brown transforms into a devil out of fear as evil exists everywhere. Brown moves too deep into the darkness, period of uncertainty and religious clashes throughout his experience.
Symbolism in Young Goodman Brown Nathaniel Hawthorne uses symbolism to create a parallel situation of more in-depth and indirect references. Besides establishing depth resulting from indirectness, symbols enrich Brown’s experience by deepening the conflict in his mind. Also, by utilizing some symbols, Hawthorne violates the fixed conceptual purpose associated with Brown as a character.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Young Goodman Brown is full of symbolism. It applies a cluster of symbols which depicts a series of contrasts reflecting both; problems experienced by Brown; and the extent these symbols influence his personality. Dusk and sunrise, for example, indicate two extremes which indicate commencement and end of a journey.
Dusk, on the one hand, is the period that proceeds darkness and therefore stands for the coming of evil. Dusk, a time between light and total darkness, depicts times of hesitation which Brown begins to experience after meeting the devil.
Further, darkness which is a reflection of evil is purposed to put Brown in a real experience of facing evil. Sunrise, on the other hand, marks the end of the journey. It is a representation of the state of certainty which Brown comes up with by the end of the story. This moment forms clarity in Brown’s belie and attitude towards the village people. This contrast of light and darkness is another good example of symbolism in the Young Goodman Brown.
Conclusion In summary, the Young Goodman Brown is a Puritanism satire. From the author’s point of view, it is a belief system that pursues an ideology that deepens conflicts and divisions. It discards all efforts at establishing any common position among the numerous Christian sects on the one hand, and other beliefs on the other.
The aspect of Puritanism, through distrust and doubt, encourages the possibility of splitting societies over religious issues at the expense of unity and togetherness. It tries to expel those who are not Puritans and those who do not conform and looks upon them as sinners. This past attends negatively on Brown’s personality as he obeys out of fear.
The story offers historical insight into the character of Brown and his lifestyle. For instance, we quickly understand that Brown lives in a Puritan society right from the onset. We can see Puritanism in some aspects as unrelenting and biased. Puritanism is a Christian sect that looks upon its members as the only devout and looks upon members of other sects as non-conformists.
The Puritans believe that they are the only ones who should be admitted in the membership of the church. The congregations of such individuals portray the true church. The sect does not tolerate others and relates itself to the devil against general humanity (Lynch 65).
We will write a custom Essay on “Young Goodman Brown”: Setting, Symbolism and Characters specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This sort of extremism of Puritan principles indicates the spread of puritan ideology and its reception among people. Thus, the bias nature of Puritanism leads to hatred, distrust and segmentation among human beings. According to Lynch (2009; P. 69), puritans established themselves a distrustful society for a vibrant congregation which would later harm them.
The main character of Young Goodman Brown is a reflection of the puritan ideology. In him, Hawthorne’s Puritanism is satirized as the dominant faith in his hometown. He looks at Puritanism in a manner to suggest his disillusionment and dissatisfaction with it as a system of belief. In the descriptions of Goodman Brown, Hawthorne seems to discover back his personal experiences with puritans (Lynch 70).
Works Cited Crowley, Joseph. Nathaniel Hawthorne. New York: Taylor