Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction It is of utmost importance to meet all important obligations either official or unofficial in time. In order to do this, time management, and organization is necessary to ensure that everything is done according to the timeline. Sometimes it becomes necessary to show commitment to given deadline and in such cases suspense dates are set. Whether suspense dates are legal or official obligation, it is important to meet them. This paper seeks to discuss the importance of meeting suspense dates.
Suspense Date According to Smith and Gerstein“Suspense is a deadline that cannot be violated unless prior to the original suspense date”(Smith and Gerstein, 2007). In legal field suspense dates refer to a given time in which a provision to perform or renegotiate a certain task ceases to exist.
For instancean army officer might be given a suspense date within which he is supposed to claim work benefits despite being out of service for various reasons. In the office set up suspense date may exist when an employee is given an ultimatum to overseecompletion of a given task within stipulated time.
The main reason of meeting suspense date is to avoid corresponding penalties. Some suspense dates have fines attached to them to ensure that the intended respondent reacts to them in time and as such meeting such dates is important. Whenever possible, it is important torequest for deadline extension in case the time limit is not within your means.
It is important to meet suspense dates issued by other companies in order to protect the integrity of your company or organization. This is because business partnersbuild trust and confidence depending on how you respond and meet their deadlines. Suspense dates are also issued by service providers such as public libraries. Meeting such suspense dates is important to enable such organizations to provide services such as books to other people as well.
When suspense dates are associated with work flow, it becomes imperative to meet them in order to avoid work loading at one department. When suspense dates are met work flow becomes smooth and other departments do not have to stay idle waiting for others to complete their tasks hence improving efficiency.
Meeting suspense dates way ahead of time is important in order to avoid last minute surprises. Due to uncertainties of life, something may happen during the last minute making it impossible to meet suspense dates. To avoid these inconveniences, suspense date obligations should be met way ahead of time or an extension requested when necessary.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, some suspense dates are legally binding. This means that failure to meet such deadlines will result to legal implications. For instance, a situation may arise demanding supplying the court with information or piece of evidence within a given period to allow further investigations. Failing to meet such suspense dates may render evidence obsolete or may attract a fine or a court charge. Thus it becomes very important to meet such suspense dates.
Conclusion Conclusively, meeting suspense dates is very important not only to the person obligated to meet them but the other party as well. It ensures that fines involved with such dates are avoided. It ensures that work organization is efficient and also helps in maintaining confidence and trust with the parties involved. These and other reasons are sufficient enough to express the importance of meeting suspense dates.
Works Cited Smith,Perryand Gerstein,Daniel. Assignment: Pentagon: How to Excel in a Bureaucracy. New York, NY: Potomac Books, 2007.
What factors contributed to the dissolution of the Roman Empire? Essay essay help site:edu
One of the major reasons that led to the fall of the Roman Empire was the decline in morals particularly among the emperors, nobles as well as the upper rich classes. For example, Emperor Tiberius had kept young boys in his palace for his homosexuality;and Emperor Nero often ordered for male slaves to be castrated to allow him take them as his sex partners(Roman Colosseum Info 5).
Besides, during religious festivals like Bacchanalia and Saturnalia, sexual promiscuity, ribald songs as well as lewd acts were practised. As a result, forced prostitution as well as bestiality increased throughout the empire. People began to use gladiatorial combats as well as chariot races to gamble as consumption of alcohol became rampant (Roman Colosseum Info 5). These acts of immoralities had devastating impacts on the empire.
Again, political corruption especially by the Praetorian Guard affected the leadership of the Roman Emperor. It was the Praetorian Guard who decided on who to become the emperor or whether it was necessary to remove the incumbent emperor (Roman Colosseum Info 6). At some points, the Praetorian Guard auctioned the throne of the Roman Empire to the highest bidder. This weakened the leadership of the empire as it now belonged to the rich who had poor leadership qualities.
The Roman Empire was also affected by its fast expansion. The empire conquered many territories including the Greek and the Barbarian territories, which it could no longer manage effectively. As a result, it needed to defend the Roman territories and borders. Besides, taxes levied on non-Romans were so high that they constantly rebelled (Roman Colosseum Info 7).
Mistreatment of slaves by the Romans also caused rebellions as well as constant slave wars and civil wars. Consequently, the rebellions, slave wars and civil that were relentlessly staged by the non-Romans weakened the empire’s ability to defend itself.
The cost of defending the expanded Roman Empire became so high that the economy could no longer sustain. High inflation as well as heavy taxation affected the economy such that the government was often threatened by bankruptcy. Besides, most of the gold that was available was used to buy luxury goods creating shortage of gold that was to be used to make Roman coins (Roman Colosseum Info 11). As a result, the Roman currency was devalued. This further strained the Roman economy.
The spread of Christianity within and outside the empire also contributed to the decline of the empire. Millions of people who were under the rule of the Roman Empire became tired of its rule (Roman Colosseum Info 17). The message of life after death gave them the courage to rebel against the empire. They became pacifistic, and this worsened the empire’s troubles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Roman Empire was also weakened by natural disasters like famines, plagues as well as earthquakes. Natural disasters weakened its capacity to defend itself or to manage revolts and civil wars. As a result, the Roman Empire became disintegrated.
The fall of the Roman Empire is also attributed to the constant attacks from its enemies especially the Barbarians. Its frequent warfare with its neighbors required much military spending which it could no longer manage as the economy was also falling.
Besides, the Roman military became over-stretched, and hence called for reinforcement to help it defend the empire. As a result, the conquered Barbarians as well as other mercenaries were recruited into the Roman army. This weakened the army further as the Barbarians gained knowledge of their military tactics.
The Barbarians in the army turned against the empire and joined the other Barbarians in attacking the Roman Empire. The final blow to the Roman Empire came from the Barbarian Invasion which occurred in 410 and another one in 415 (Roman Colosseum Info 18). These invasions led to the disintegration of the Roman Authority, and finally, itsfall.
The Black Death Conditions in Western Europe that contributed to the spread of the Black Death
The Black Death hit Europe in 1347-1351 causing loss of many lives in Europe (Herlihy 25). Cold weather conditions, poor knowledge in medicine, war and famine were the major factors which contributed to the spread of the disease.
Civil war in China which took place in 1205-1353 between the Mongol hordes and the native Chinese interfered with farming and trade, and this led to widespread famine across many regions (Herlihy 25). It is possible that the Mongols who were merchant caravans brought the disease from central Asia to Europe.
The disease was first reported in Trebizond and Constantinople which were trading cities, at around 1347 (Herlihy 26). It was during this time that the Mongol warriors attacked the Genoese possession of Caffa. After a prolonged siege, the Mongol army was reported to be dying from the disease.
We will write a custom Essay on What factors contributed to the dissolution of the Roman Empire? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Mongol army decided to use infected corpses to drive the Genoese traders out of the city by capitulating them over the city’s walls. As the traders fled to southern Europe, they transferred the disease to this region where it spread to Western Europe and other parts of Europe.
The extremely cold weather, which was known as “Little Ice Age” that began towards the end of the 13th centuryfueled its spread (Herlihy 27). The cold weather extended into the 14th century and reached its climax in the first half of the century. This weather had severe results across the globe.
A catastrophic famine, known as “the Great Famine”, struck Northern Europe including parts of Western Europe in 1315-1322 (Herlihy 27). Besides, there was no hay, wheat or oats for livestock to feed on. As a result, livestock population diminished causing more hunger and malnutrition. Livestock population was further reduced by anthrax which killed animals in Europe, especially cattle and sheep. This occurred in 1318 causing reduction in food supply as well as income to farmers (Herlihy 27).
Hunger as well as low-level debilitating disease affected the productivity of farmers. This lowered the production of grains. The consequence of the famine was therefore weakened immune system which increased the vulnerability of the population to the disease.
In addition, the governments of Europe did not have the capacity to respond to the epidemic since nobody knew the cause of the disease or even how it spread. The measures that were instituted by the monarchs to control the disease were also ineffective.
Effects of the disease on the social structure
Black Death led to a significant decrease in the continent’s population by about 30-50% (Herlihy 29). However, this increased the social mobility across Western Europe. It created shortage of cheap labor which made landlords to compete for laborers, hence, increasing wages to acquire their services. Thus, the pandemic improved the situation for peasants who survived. Due to the shortage of labor, they had more power since they were in high demand. Besides, there were more available fertile lands for them.
The Black Death weakened the church’s power in Western Europe and the continent as a whole. As a result, the social roles that the church had played before were substituted by secular ones (Herlihy 29). The epidemic also led to peasant revolts across many parts of Europe, particularly in Western Europe. Such included the English Peasant Revolt, the Jacquerie Rebellion in France and the Ciompi Rebellion in Italy (Herlihy 29).
Works Cited “Causes for the Fall of the Roman Empire.”Roman Colosseum Info. Roman Colosseum Info, 2008. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on What factors contributed to the dissolution of the Roman Empire? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Herlihy, David. The Black Death and the Transformation of the West. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1997. Print.
Cuban runaway slave Essay (Article) best college essay help: best college essay help
Runaway slave experience is a slavery viewpoint as narrated by Cuban run away slave known as Esteban Montejo. Esteban gives his harsh experience in the life of slavery between late 1800s and early 1900s. The experience also entails life and treatment of other slaves in Cuba. The slaves used to live in poor conditions especially in barracoons.
Filthy living conditions infested by parasites that were harmful to human health. The experience was harsh all through as diseases spread so much, due to small closed living quarters. The slaves were given small plots, where they would plant some vegetables.
The experience of the runaway slave was a clear show of perseverance and a strong heart throughout. When he escaped from slavery, he describes himself as a free man, although he used to live in the forest. He struggled in the forest while using banana leaves as shelter, and animal caves as his temporary house.
Everyone wanted to listen to him, after realizing he was a run away slave. However, after living for so many years as a lonely person, it became difficult for him to speak to people about his experience.
Both northern and southern parts had slave societies. Their only differences were their opinions concerning the slavery. The development of their economies marked the base for their differences. The northern part was more developed with industries and regular market revolutions. The presence of industries reduced the need for manual laborers in the place.
The southern part was an agricultural society that relied much on work force to work on their large farms. They needed more slaves for their productivity to remain high. Moreover, their views on ending slavery differed as one part needed slaves more than the other.
The African-American views on slavery were also different. It was a fact that the use of slavery was not profitable at all, but it was used for racial discrimination and to instill inferiority to Africans. This was a way of differentiating Africans from Americans. On the other hand, some blacks used to stress the importance of slavery, while others emphasized on stopping that practice.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The majority were campaigning for the end of slavery, as it was instilling fear to foreigners. Some African-Americanswere terribly oppressed, and slavery was the only way through which they could survive. Some were not even in a position to express their views, as they were considered inferior.
It was the wish of African-American to see the end of slavery in America. Both north and south had slavery societies; the only difference was that, one part needed fewer slaves than the other.
Given a choice, African-American would never be part of any culture of either northern or southern part. Joining any part, either south or north, African-American would be like contributing to the act of their discriminatory acts. On the other hand, it was also possible for African-American to be part of the northern part that had a developed economy.
The northern part had an advanced culture, in the same manner as their economy. It was believed that, northerners would stop using slavery earlier than southerners would. Their economy was advanced and was promoting their living standard through industrialization. It would be the wish of African-American to be part of this development, and work on industries rather than working on farms, which showed inferiority.
Selection Tools: The Interview as an Unreliable and Invalid Tool Argumentative Essay college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Why the Interview is Unreliable and Invalid
Ways in which Interviews Can be more useful
Other Selection Tools
Discussion and Conclusion
Introduction Employees are a fundamental component in all organizations since their input leads to the achievement of company objectives. From this realization, many organizations have a Human Resource department whose role includes hiring employees. This activity is very important since the organization may find itself in need of personnel to fill new positions or to replace employees who have left the company.In selecting candidates for employments, a number of tools are relied on to help in the selection decision making.
One of the most commonly used selection tool is the interview which is used to try and get a better assessment of the potential hire. However, research indicates that the interview is unreliable and invalid selection tool (French
Description of Masculinities Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Masculinities arguments
Masculinities imply different versions of describing manly composure and behaviour of both men and women. For three decades, several studies have been carried out in an attempt to come up with a clearer description of ‘masculinities,’ to no avail. Notably, perceptions of masculinity are evolving over time and among as well as within societies, resulting in an array of masculinities.
Whereas some researchers believe masculinities represent various patterns of behaviour inclined toward the roles that men play in the society, others concur that masculinities involve more than just men: that women can also show ‘masculinity’ if their actions and achievements are analogous to that of their male counterparts (Connell1998, pp2-6; Wong et al 2011, pp236-255).
In an attempt to address masculinities, the initial recognition of the social construction of sexuality triggered more discussions on ‘values’ and the ‘normal’ roles of each gender(Connell1998, pp2-6). This was a significant step, nonetheless, in defining the impact of masculinity in the society.
Today, the actual connotation of masculinity has evolved past the notion of ‘the role of men,’ though this notion also defines a ‘group’ of masculinity. An emphasis of compliance with masculine beliefs also goes beyond the manner in which breaking conventional rules may work positively toward building masculinity (Graef,Tokar,
First-Year Students and Issues to Cope With Essay (Article) college application essay help: college application essay help
Proper Scheduling Despite all the excitement and expectations of new life experience caused by the transition to college, this process is also accomplished with much stress for a new student. Freshman year obviously plays a significant role in the personal development as it symbolizes a start of new life – adult life. This is the first time when a student is the only person responsible for his or her well-being; that is why it is extremelybeneficial to make this start fresh and smooth to succeed with further student’s troubles.
The transition from high school opens new opportunities to the freshman such as afreedom of decision making, a new environment, and new acquaintances.However, this newly found freedom also demands much responsibility and mature behavior as the freshman is responsible for all the actions he or she makes; and there is no need to hope for somebody’s assistance. To cope with challenging situations provoked by the new environment is possible through proper socializing and time management.
It is impressive that college gives more time, which is possible to spend according to one’s own mind, but it also demands more time to fulfill the work assigned. Each student should clearly understand that attending the classes is not enough to succeed, it is necessary to perform a lot of additional work and research. This obviously needs a proper scheduling of the day to avoid stress or headaches. Within first months at college, the student faces tests and other academic obstacles that make him or her study hard for hours.
The well-performed coordination of scheduling issues distributes work in portions that can be made with little effort and stress. Procrastination in the studying process is not the choice; it is no longer the norm to do the task in the last minute such as the night before it is due. Getting assignmentsdone in advance or parts is the way to avoid stress pertaining to academic issues, especially within first months at college.
While coping with the college assignments and tasks, it is helpful for the freshman to understand the limits. Proper scheduling can be done with accordance to the knowledge how fast and how much work can a student do. It is advantageous to split up reading materials of big amounts such as novels as it helps to avoid monotony, tiredness, and boredom, and thus causes less stress. Performing tasks assigned in sections needs planning the time accordingly to manage academic tasks in a timely manner.
It is necessary to keep in mind that scheduling also involves social life of a student, besides his obligatory academic assignments. A variety of extra seminars, conferences, workshops, and group studies is offered to students to acquire more knowledge, improve existing skills, and expand the abilities.They also need time and energy and sometimes cause much stress to freshmen who find it hard to adjust to so many changes and academic requirements.
The transition to college is also accomplished with the necessity to get new acquaintances and friends. The student society often provides students with a range of clubs, associations, and groups reflecting different interest and life positions. These communities also require time, especially at the beginning to prove one to be a valued member. Therefore, the main cornerstone in the freshman adjustment with little stress experienced is a proper scheduling of numerous assignments and activities to be done a day.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Overcoming Social Stress The transition from high school to college means the transition from home with caring parents and family to an adult life with no support behind the back. The situation of leaving the usual environment a student is accustomed to can cause serious social stress.
Though it is an exciting feeling of becoming a grown-up and receiving the ability to make one’s own decisions, college life also requires a lot of responsibility and maturity. Misunderstandings of these issues on the part of freshmen who have just got freedom make them struggle many difficulties at the beginning of their college experience.
A new life needs to create a new social network to get adjusted in the strange environment. The first significant issue the freshman deals with is sharing a room with a complete stranger. It is essential to take into consideration that the roommate if he or she is also a freshman also experiences difficulties caused by leaving parental house. Hence, the two strange people have much in common – the necessity to establish themselves in the student society, adjust to college life tempo, and succeed in the educational process.
From the first sight, a new roommate can seem a disaster that is why it is critical to take into account his or her level of stress in this situation. The other significant tip is to get acquainted with the roommate’s habits, interests, and preferences and develop a joint plan for a pleasant habitation. Even two entirely different students can successfully live together if they are tolerant to each other’s needs and desires, and nobody tries to establish the dominance.
Besides dealing with a roommate, a freshman also faces the problem to get new acquaintances and friends to avoid loneliness and lack of communication. Every school year starts with a party where a freshman can meet other new students, findcommon interests, or just get involved in the student life.
There are a number of places of interest organized by different student associations to vary a student life and supplement the monotonous academic study with new impressions and experiences. The student society also conducts constant meetings and travels that serve to increase cooperation and interaction among students.
The most notable thing while looking for new friends and mates is to be one’s own person; there is no need to do the thing everyone else does if there is no wish to. A freshman should not worry that he or she does is not going to fit any community or student group unless he or she pretends to be someone else. The student life can be much enjoyable if a freshman pursues his or her own interests and likings and thus, finds the most convenient communication environment.
We will write a custom Article on First-Year Students and Issues to Cope With specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As the college life is a first stage of adult life, it requires mature behavior and relationships with mates, teachers, and partners. The educational staff understands the challenging difficulties a student faces while adjusting in college; however, it is only a student’s task to cope with the assigned work, social life, and living issues.
If a freshman goes to a party, he or she has to understand that staying awake late leads to the late arrival to classes, bad concentration, and hasty; those do not serve for a substantial advancement or relaxing mental condition.
One of the important factors of the successful study process is a sufficient socialization in the student community; this requires close communication with a roommate, course mates, and other students. Nevertheless, social life should not exclude education process or influence progress in studies. An adult person who a freshman already is should cope with all aspects in a grown-up way.
Stress Relievers In addition to academic and social challenging issues, a freshman also experiences stress of the situation in general. The process and understanding of becoming an adult often leads to lower self-esteem and confidence in one’s own abilities to manage a variety of matters and tasks.
A new environment and a necessity to share a living place with a stranger can cause stress and a feeling of loneliness. Multiple academic assignments, tests, and hard study arouse adrenaline rush; such busy social life is also accomplished with an increased usage of caffeine and a necessity to find a part-time job.
There are several tips helpful to adjust and feel comfortable in the college environment. It is crucial to find or create one’s own space where a freshman can focus and concentrate on the study he or she is coping with or just be alone for a while. If a freshman has an ever-present or noisy roommate, the quiet place can be found in the library or a comfortable corner in the coffee shop. During warm periods, the privacy can be established under a big tree far from crowded paces and lanes.
Proper physical condition reflects proper mental one; so a freshman should pay attention to some physical activities to avoid stress. Walking is a perfect relaxation option for the mind; besides, it can be done everywhere and free of charge. A freshman can walk to classes, between them, to a friend’s house or shops, he or she just need to take this advantage.
Another relaxing activity is yoga that is an excellent form of exercise and significantly benefits the health condition. Yoga classes are offered at gyms and in fresh air, and it can be done at different parts of the day.
Not sure if you can write a paper on First-Year Students and Issues to Cope With by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A balance of the right food and enough sleep also assist in avoiding student stress. Though fast food is quick, cheap, and convenient, it does not provide a freshman with all necessary vitamins, minerals, and carbohydrates. Constant consumption of fruit, vegetables, fish, and juices balance the food ration and stimulate the learning process.
A proper diet should be accomplished with enough sleeping hours that help the brain to relax and withdraw the useless information. Lots of freshmen find it hard to get enough sleep because they cannot manage their busy schedules. Thus, the learning process should be organized with either late stays awake or morning classes.
There are also a number of stress reliever techniques helpful in overcoming tense situations during college study. The usual lack of sleep can be supplemented with power naps during the day; they are short but enough to relax the mind and boost its productivity. The other helpful technique is visualization that needs several minutes to bring peace and calm to the tired freshman. A student just needs to occupy a comfortable position, close the eyes, and create a line of imagery pictures.
The visualization can be accompanied with breathing exercise eliminating the student from stress. A technique called Progressive Muscle Relaxation is a good start and end of the student day’ the activity involves tensing and relaxing all body muscles. Listening to classic music also helps to concentrate within the learning process, wake up mental productivity, and relax brains at the end of the day.
Despite various techniques serving to relieve stress, it is important to avoid student pitfalls. Proper scheduling of the fulfillment of assignments prevents from all-night studying to manage the tasks due to deadline limits. Proper sleep provides a compelling mental productivity and does not require constant caffeine consumptions. Long night parties also damage the studying process and are better to be exchanged for study groups that are helpful in education and provide necessary communication.
A Perfect Study Session Body and Mind Preparation for Exams
It is obvious that exam period is not a pleasant one as it requires much effort and energy and brings much stress and sometimes frustration. The success in studies is not a gift or blessing, it is a result of a right self-organization aimed to boost brain potential and involve all the abilities. The preparation for an exam should not be done in the last minute and should follow the proper learning of the material during classes and home assignments.
A diligent student do not need to study at nights and in a harsh, he or she just need to follow the tips directed to get the body and mind ready. If the student does not enjoy procrastination during the semester, it is easy for him or her to cope with the preparation.
The main tips of proper exam preparation are a masterly study organization, usage of additional studying sources and techniques, and healthy body condition. The first thing to do is to set a study time and stick to it every day, it is crucial to take constant breaks to relax the mind.
The time should be managed wisely to avoid long-term study sessions, and it is better to dedicate the first part of the day for mental activities.The clear workplace plays a significant role in the educational progress, thus, the desk should be organized to create a positive work environment. If there is no need and help, it is reasonable to cut out social media, TV, and video games before exams.
Before the preparation starts, the student should set goals pertaining to the study process such as how much is aimed to be accomplished a day; moreover, personal limits should be involved in the schedule planning. Setting priorities helps to focus on the most important exams first and stay concentrated on the major aspects.
There is no need to stress too much and be obsessed with the results and consequences as it switches the priorities during the preparation process. It is good to establish cooperation with classmates in person and online to swap notes and conduct study session in groups.
Additional materials and techniques in the preparation assist in boosting brain abilities and potential. There are three main types of memory – visual, audial, and kinesthetic which should be engaged in the studying process. The usage of flashcards and presentations accumulate visual memory, audio sets and music accompaniment serve for audial memory, creation of hand mockups, diagrams, or other supplementing material works for kinesthetic memory.
Gathering old notes and papers, rereading some textbook chapters, and redoing old tests and quizzes help to remind the studies’ material. Besides personal material, it is good to attend the library to expand the knowledge in the field and join study groups that target to provide better information cover within a shorter time period as every member does only a part of the job.
Online resources offer anextensive help in finding necessary information and training; it is reasonable to keep in mind and use online quiz applications such as Quizlet. At the end of the preparation, it is beneficial to answer all study guide questions to check the achieved level of proficiency.
Even proper scheduling and usage of additional materials cannot lead to a good advancement if they are not accompanied by right health condition. Hence, it is necessary to eat well, especially chocolate, fish, and berries that accumulate brain productivity.
The student should also get 8 hours of sound sleep to relax between study sessions; regular exercises also contribute to the successful studying process.It is good to receive plenty of fresh air and drink much water and juice to stay hydrated; it is better to have coffee only once a day and in the morning to stimulate the brain activity and let it relax in the afternoon.
Special Techniques The process of exam preparation is a difficult period demanding hard effort and causing much stress to students. The first rule is obviously to study every day during classes, lectures, and seminars and manage assignments, but even such diligent students face the problem to copy with upcoming examinations. The advancement in studies requires proper scheduling, constant studying, and knowledge of some additional techniques that help to accumulate brain productivity and use its full potential.
The Pomodoro Technique was created and developed to improve time management of students in exam preparation. The main idea of the technique is a study structure consisting of constant breaks and short study periods. There is no need to take a book and dedicate oneself to its investigation for three or more hours as the brain cannot absorb all the read information.
That is why the best way to gain knowledge and make it a long-term memory is to accomplish studies in sections. This allows the student to accomplish the task and keep continuous improvement with little effort and stress through effective time management.
The first step in Pomodoro Technique is to decide on a task, set studying priorities, and perform a concentrated study within 25 minutes. Afterwards, it is necessary to take a 5-minute break to switch the attention from studies and relax the brain. This study-break session can be repeated three times when it is time for a longer break; it is good to take it in fresh air and go for a short walk. The technique is available in application forms such as FocusBooster, Pomodoro, and Pomodoro Time Management Lite. Such sufficient time management helps to achieve educational results with a lot less time spent.
Another excellent technique is an 80/20 rule also known as the Pareto Principle that claims that 80% of student results need only 20% of his or her effort.The main key to achieve sufficient progress is not based on the intelligence level but study skills to focus on the right material needed to accomplish the task.
There are syllabus documents developed for each subject in student course study; these papers and guidelines are available in print and online and should be used to avoid wasting time during the exam preparation process. Moreover, they often include glossary of terms that are required to be learnt while completing course study.
There are also various study guides sold in shops that are helpful in filling gaps in student knowledge. The educational systems claim no separation between students’ outcomes and marks they get; nevertheless, class studies and textbooks are not enough to acquire the course material.
Hence, study guides provide instructions of necessary activities and works to perform a full range of knowledge and focus on right things. The right concentration leads to the cover of all required course content and improves academic performance correspondingly.
One more thing pertaining to time management is a power nap that is a recreation break between study sessions. The main principle of power nap is its short term that, however, allows the body and the mind to relax and prepare for a further work. There are two great ways to experience a power nap not longer than 20 minutes that is enough to gain a new mental energy.
It sounds silly, but it is good to drink coffee when you are extremely tired; the caffeine starts work after 20 minutes, so there is an opportunity to have a short nap before waking up from it. Another way is to set an alarm at 30 minutes and get into bed with the clothes on. Taking into consideration time necessary to fall asleep, the nap takes about 20 minutes; and it is easier to get up when having clothes on already.
Ways to Overcome Distractions
The preparation for exams demands a complete attention to the subject and full concentration on its content. There are a lot of things that interrupt the student from the learning process such as Internet surfing like Facebook and Youtube, noisy roommates, or student parties.
These distractions can be taken as minor hazards for a good advancement; however, it is better to minimize their effects. The progress in education can be achieved only under condition of the complete focus on the assignment; thus, there are some tips assisting in getting rid of surrounding distractions.
The first tip is to turn off the music as it is almost impossible to acquire new and difficult information while listening to song lyrics. The only type of music permissible in the preparation is classic music which is slow and calm and helps to concentrate on the subject content.
Moreover, it also isolates student ears from other minor noises such as outside talks, traffic noise, and murmurs. Therefore, it is reasonable to inform the roommates about one’s study hours and intentions to avoid bothering and interruption on the part of them.
The best place to study is an isolated place where a student can dedicate all effort and concentration to accomplish the task assigned. If it is not possible to stay alone in the room, there are other quiet places perfect for studying like the library or small coffee shops. There is no much difference where to stay for studying, but the student shouldbein a place provoking no temptation to start up a conversation with a friend.
One of the biggest distractions nowadays is the Internet that gives a plenty of opportunities to be distracted from studying for a short time; in fact, most of browsing takes much time and is anenormous waste of learning productivity. The best way to beat this temptation is to cut off the internet or disconnect Wi-Fi connection during the studying. In case, the Internet is needed for some research, the student should conduct it and save the findings on the desktop to prevent further need in the Net.
Other prominent distractors are TV and cell phones that are always at hand and ready to destroy the learning process. Hence, it is better to put the phone silent and out of the view during intense study sessions. There should not be any TV on the background as it lowers the task accomplishment or stops it at all. Majority of favourite programs and films can be watched on the computer later or recorded on TV; thus, no TV, computer games, or phone talks are acceptable in the exam preparation.
One more common distractor is munching, almost every student likes eating while doing homework. Firstly, it is worthless because the focus switches from the study content to the food consuming with all its flavours and aromas.
In scientific language, the blood leaves the brains and concentrates in the stomach to digest the eaten stuff; so it is hard to acquire new information while eating. Secondly, the student desk has to contain only education-related items, and it is often full of valuable papers and course books that can be stained with fat and colorful spots from food.
It is obvious from the said above that there are many distractions, and they are always going to be to get a reason to withdraw from studying. Only a student is responsible for scheduling proper preparation process to achieve success in the studying. The advancement requires self-control to avoid and prevent the possibility of distractors and manage to focus on the work and complete it without time wasting.
Get Your Things Straight The Importance of College Education
It is obviously prestigious to get a college degree, and many students try hard to catch the opportunity to transit from high school to a college institution. However, after entering a college environment, many change their goals and sometimes even do not see their withdrawn from the most important one.
Despite a variety of entertainments, parties, and clubs that are a result of newly found freedom to make decisions and behave correspondently; it is essential to realize that the most significant part that can be gained in college is education.
First of all, college is a conscious choice of what and how to learn with a perspective for future career and well-being. It is a place where a student can acquire knowledge he or she is passionate about and thus, enjoy the learning process. Moreover, college education provides strong competence that plays a significant role in the professional development and high self-efficacy. The advancement in studies increases personal self-esteem and confidence in one’s own abilities and potential.
Besides strong knowledge and skills, college education also provides a student with useful relationships that can be helpful in future life. Classmates with various backgrounds and interests expand each other’s mental outlooks and help a student grow as a person. The variety of opportunities and academic focus assist in figuring out who the person is and who he or she wants to be. This understanding is necessary for everyone to find one’s own place in life and society.
College education is also an opportunity to achieve independence – personal and financial one. This does not only concerns moving from parents’ house, but becoming a responsible adult to make decisions and develop strategies and plans aimed at further prosperity. Hard and diligent studying is often rewarded with part time jobs in the field of future career with a high potential of further promotions and financial stability.
Knowledge and skills acquired during college education are applicable not only in the future career, they are animmense help in managing personal life. Such abilities as analytical thinking and excellent speaking and reasoning skillsare welcomed in the job market and make a candidate more marketable. Even general knowledge of economics and law make the person more impregnable in various situations in daily existence.
Besides academic disciplines, college education offers a plenty of activities, involvement in which can become a bullet point in a student’s future resume. For instance, Student Government develops knowledge in politics and law and accumulates leadership abilities and interpersonal skills.
It is possible to find any group of interest to improve the attainments and explore something new. Moreover, such groups provide practical experience that can be a first professional experience in the field of accounting, journalistic, medicine, sociology, or tutoring.
Thus, college education in its initial meaning is anexcellent source of knowledge and development. That is why, it is necessary to keep oneself focused on the educational opportunities rather that to be distracted by student parties and entertainments. It is obviously hard and demands much energy and effort to complete a course and get a degree, but it is worth it. And it may be a terrific pride to become the first in the family to graduate from college or be the new one from a long line of family graduates.
Tangible Reasons to Get College Education
There are many reasons why students come to college; ones seek freedom from home and parents, others are eager to acquire new knowledge and skills. There are those who go to college because they are made to; as a result they need nothing but have fun and entertainment.
Despite all the reasons, it is certainly worth trying to get from college life as much as it is possible – new acquaintances, experiences, and abilities. Nevertheless, the main reason to stay in college and make much effort to complete a degree is to get an education. That is why college education should be taken as a first stage in a professional career aimed at achieving money, prosperity, and independence.
The main motive that rules almost every person in the contemporary world is money.Of course, every job is paid, but the difference is how much a person can get for the work he or she does.
College education requires constant hard work to accomplish assigned tasks, cover course content, conduct necessary researches, and write lots of essay and papers. Hence, this education gives a plenty of skills and knowledge in the field of the student major. A well-qualified student with a college diploma is more likely to get a well-paid job with a potentially rising salary.Consistent development and improvement of knowledge open the doors to a further adult life with a stable income.
Another advantage of college education is a variety of opportunities a student gets with a degree in hand. Besides a number of subjects pertaining to the major course, college education offers a range of different workshops, lectures, seminars, and other methods of the professional development.
While a student is at college, he or she should grab any opportunity of acquiring new skills or abilities as this serves for his or her future prosperity. After graduation, a college student receives more job openings and more chances at promotions; moreover, a variety of skills accumulated at college can be applied to a variety of fields.
Moreover, college education does not only influence a future career of a current student, it empowers him or her with a plenty of knowledge applicable in everyday life. College experience enriches students’ knowledge in the way to control a personal life’s logistics and improve day-to-day existence. It is obviously helpful to know how to read a lease or handle the finances of one’s own family; college education also provides an understanding of how market changes influence everyone’s life such as retirement accounts.
No one feels secure against negative life experience like a loss of job place, bankruptcy of the company, or global economic crisis; however, a person with college knowledge is more likely to overcome such difficulties. Strong knowledge, acquired marketable skills, and significant money account are helpful when life throws a curve. The first two options are offered by college education, the third is their consequence when hard work at college is rewarded by a well-paid job.
Thus college education is not only a graduation diploma, it is a door for the successful future. That is why, when a student gets to college his or her main focus should be education; of course, there is no need to be obsessed with it; entertainment activities and clubs are developed specially to provide proper relaxation and recreation between study sessions. It is just necessary to keep in mind that parties can be later, and college is an initial source of knowledge that is increasingly important in the job market.
Intangible Reasons to get College Education
College education is acrucial stage in building one’s professional career; it is the first step to achieve financial prosperity and independence. Besides vivid tangible reasons of gaining a college degree, there are a number of intangible reasons claiming to personal self-esteem, confidence, and satisfaction.
These reasons help students to focus on the educational process at college as on the main achievement point during college experience. It often happens that after the transition to a college environment, the student is distracted with a plenty of non-academic activities; that is why it is essential to remind the intangible but valuable advantages of a college degree.
The education at college is not only dedicated to the study of the subjects pertaining to the course major; it also offers a variety of skills helpful in life. Numerous seminars, conferences, and classroom discussions develop and accumulate critical thinking and reasoning skills which are going to stay for a student lifetime. They can be applied to make significant life decisions and develop ways to improve the day-to-day existence.
Most of the prestigious professions require a college degree and a constant professional development. A college graduate has a future opportunity to continue the study and pursue new skills and knowledge in the field, even if he or she has never given a second thought to continue the education. Such opportunity is a great advantage if a student is interested to connect his career with law, medicine, or education; these spheres have a high potential of promotions that are not separated from further studying.
College education also gives a chance to obtain professions such as a scientist, a politician, or a sociologist which help to make one’s own contribution to the world’s change.
People who aim to be able to help others and become doctors, lawyers, teachers, or work in various social services first have to educate themselves and get a college degree to acquire the necessary knowledge to act as agents of change for others. Otherwise, it is impossible to provide proper assistance and bring positive changes to other people’s lives.
One more advantage of college education is a future access to various unexpected resources acquired through time in school. Money is not the only valuable thing is life;beneficial relations can be helpful in various life spheres. For example, an ex-roommate can become an attorney and a class friend – a doctor who it is always possible to refer to.
An annual alumni meeting can give a meeting with an ex-mate who offers a well-paid job as he or she knows the value of the college diploma. Hence, the college education can provide kinds of benefits and sources that are hard to plan beforehand, but that can make a real difference in the life.
The last but not the least of intangible advantages here is a personal sense of pride and oneself. When a student get a college diploma, he or she knows that the effort applied and time and energy spend are rewarded now. The student gets a strong boost to start a professional life and find his or her own place in society. Moreover, the fact of earning a college degree gives an undoubted reason of lifetime pride to oneself, the family, and friends.
Hospice and Pain Management Analytical Essay custom essay help
In certain stages of life or in the case a person has terminal illness death is inevitable and for that reason, the only thing that helpsis to control the pain in these patients.
As stated by Saunders (2007) most patients at the dying stage will experience symptoms such as pain, vomiting, nausea, respiratory secretions, fatigue, and dyspepsia. All these symptoms are painful and therefore the main goal of hospice careis to control or reduce the pain experienced by patients.As stated by Connor (1998), “the patient and the family are a critical part of the hospice team.”
Pain control in patients is of interest to both the patient, their families and the government has a role to play in ensuring that it issues guidelines that regulate hospice care. The law that regulates hospice care also requires that pain control should be the main goal in hospice care. In hospice care, the use of medication is the main method that controls pain even though there are other known methods of pain control.
The main work of a hospice nurse is to deal with patients who have severe pain.As stated by Jackson and Abraham (2005),Nurses should give pain control medication in appropriate time and we should not always respond due to distress in patients. The use of medication has become the main method of pain control among patients.
The use of narcotics has widely been applied in reducing pain among patients. Even though the use of narcotics is an effective method of pain control, respiratory depression is a major side effect resulting from it. Respiratory depression is a condition whereby the breathing of a patient becomes slow and weaker and in severe cases, the breathing may stop. The termination of breathing resulting from the use of narcotics in most cases is temporary but in some cases, it might be permanent resulting in the death of the patient.
This is just one of the examples of the side effects caused by the use of medication in pain control. Hospice service other medicationsand most of them if not allhave side effects. The question of the type of medication or the dosage for a patient therefore remains a major concern to us when we are providing hospice care services.
In hospice care the death of the patient although in some cases being inevitable should be prevented and incase it occurs it should not result from a mistake committed by a hospice service provider. Pain management in this stage of life is a right to the patient and a duty to the caregiver. Even though this is the obligation of hospice care, most families have stated that at the end of their lives most of their loved ones suffered from pain due to lack of treatment (Jackson
Bicycle thieves movie Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Human beings continually struggle to make a living. However in most cases our efforts are in vain. It is not always a guarantee that we will have what we seek or if we find it, holding on to it may be a challenge. This may happen not because of our own doing but as a result of other external forces that are beyond our control.
Parents like Antoniousually strive on a daily basis to provide their families with basic needs. In their bid to provide for their families food, shelter and clothing parents more often than not do things that may put their integrity into question. Many parents like Antonio may be forced to sacrifice their integrity just to bring bread to the table, erect a roof over their families’ head and clothe them too.
The situation is even made worse when there is hope of better things to come and then that hope is abruptly taken away like in the case of Antonio. Such situations may lead to desperation which may consequently lead to loss of integrity as the victim may do anything in a bid to reclaim the lost hope.
Heroes are usually people in the society who are credited for doing extraordinary things. They have extraordinary courage and are known to take risks. Through the eyes of the heroes the world can view the ideals of the society they live in hence heroes are supposed to do good things.
However when heroes engage in bad activities those who hold them in high esteem are usually disappointed. If my hero does something bad I would feel let down for he or she supposed to epitomize good deeds in the society. I would feel disappointed for I usually look up to my hero for moral guidance. My hero is my source of inspiration, strength and courage thus acting contrary would demoralize me.
However it is very important to note that heroes are also humans like us though endowed with extraordinary characters. Hence they are bound to err thus it is important to draw inspiration from their good deeds rather than feel disappointed by their mistakes. It is important for each and every individual to first draw inspiration from within first before looking for the same somewhere else.
The movie, Bicycle Thieves, is a very educative movie that reveals the various challenges people face in their daily lives in their quest for their daily bread. The movie reveals the extent to which some people are willing to go just to achieve their goals.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover it reveals how humans in their quest for greater things tend to ignore those little things that matter and that can actually solve their problems. This is exemplified by Antonio’s relentless quest for his bicycle. He ignores his son in the process of searching for his bicycle. Ironically it is his little son Bruno who finally helps him when he is in trouble. From this movie the philosophy which can be formed is that humans try to act according to the circumstances they are in.
Antonio was poor and desperate to have a job but when he finally finds one his bicycle which was part of the requirements for doing the job is stolen. He tries every possible means to find his bicycle. He ignores his little son and even tries to steal one. This shows how our actions are, to a greater extent, determined by our situations and not entirely by our conscious.
Shaking Hand college essay help near me
Different people throughout the world exhibit divergent behaviors as well as cultural orientations because of their different backgrounds and upbringings. For instance, some cultures such as the Italian’s and German’s consider the shaking of hands and kissing as an important element in expressing one’s appreciation towards others.
On the other hand, hand shaking and kissing in the United States may be interpreted in terms of sexual connotations. I first encountered the German custom of kissing and shaking hands when I had accompanied my mother to Germany for a trip.
According to the Germans, I was only supposed to shake hands and kiss those people who I felt friendly towards. I stayed in Germany for duration oftwo months where I visited some of my cousins who reside there.We spent a considerable time together with my cousins as we were all age mates. While in Germany, we travelled a lot with my cousins and visited various places.
Initially,I was astonished when I noticedthem kissing their friends as well asstrangers. When I inquired why they were doing so, they argued that kissing was the German’s way of expressingonesappreciation towards those people they felt friendly. At first, I felt confused and uneasy when some of their friends occasionally kissed me after being introduced to them.However, after staying in Germany for a while, I soon relaxed since I learnt that kissing was a common habit in Germany.
Therefore, after taking the course on theories, research methods,deviance and social interactions, I opted to make use of the research methods that I learned in class to investigate the Americans’perceptiontowards hand shaking and particularly the habit of kissingstrangers. In my investigation, I used my nearby town as my target population and picked 10 people at random as my sample group.
Among the ten people that I kissed or shook hands with in town, seven were surprised by my actionsas I was a stranger to them.Some of them had to run away because they thought that I had lost my sanity. The other three people that I either kissed or shook handswithdid not have any problem with my behavior. They never took my behaviors as being weird since two of them were my close friends and the other one was a migrant from Germany.
I was nervous as I went on kissing and shaking hands with strangers in the town since I was aware that kissing and shaking hands to strangers is not a social norm in America and thus those people that witnessed my action in town avoided me like plague even some weeks later. Before embarking on my experiment, I had anticipated that the majority of those people that I used in my sample would not welcome my behavior since they would view it as being weird.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The results of my experimentvalidated my hypothesisbecause 70% of those people I kissed or shook handswith did not like my behavior. Some even went to an extent of fleeing after I kissed them. Others went further to report me to the police station, but fortunately I had applied for the permission to carry on my research from the local police station.
From this experiment, I came to learn that every society has its own pattern of behavior that it expects everyone to conform to so as to fit in that society. I learned that kissing and shaking hands with strangers was not a social norm for Americans. Instead, those people who kiss and shake hands with strangers in America are considered as social deviant.
Similarly, I learned that it is imperative to learn about the social norms of other societies as it will greatly help people to overcome cross cultural barriers. This is important especially at this era where the world is experiencing global integration due to the presence of technological advancement as well as international businesses.
The most influential musician from 1870 to 1950 Argumentative Essay online essay help
This paper tries to look at some of the greatest musician of all times to ever walk on the face of the world. The methodology that we are going to adapt for the essence of this debate will be based on the musician influence in relation to fun base and popularity during their time.
It will also use their success in the music industry which will be gauged by the number of times their records have held the first position in the billboards and also the number of record sells not only in America, but in the rest of the world. The source material for this discussion will include journals and articles that give reference to the musician’s success and influence during their time.
It is critical to mention that between 1870-1950 music and performance was on an upsurge, it was not until after the 1950 that most of the musicians and bands rose to make the most world changing hits that have gone down in history as the top fifty greatest songs with only one being of pre-1950 to make on the list.
The song by Hank Williams “I’m so lonesome I could cry” is the only song from the top fifty greatest songs to be featured before 1950. The two musicians this debate will focus on will include Harry Launder and Hank Williamsas the casing point (Brackett7).
Harry Launder is one of the greatest musicians and a performer in the Scottish and British realm.The entertainer was born in 1870 in Portobello Edinburgh to a John Launder a designer in China artefacts and Isabella a descendant from the black isle. Harry Launder started his early careerby working at the coal mines at the tender age of thirteen years and also realised his potential in singing at the time. He started performing his music shortly after getting married to Anna Vallance in 1891 (Gordon20).
Launders first professional performance took place at a local Lark hall where he used to make about five shillings each night. He later moved to perform at the “go-as-you please” which was amore prestigious event in the town and made him prominent among the local community.
Fame and fortune for Harry Launder came around 1905 when he successfully led a troop of pantomimes known as the Howard and Wyndham. This catapulted Launder to become one of the greatest performers in England and these lead to various contracts and music deals. Launder was estimated to earn £1000 a night for his performances in the United States by the year 1911. In the following year Launder topped the charts in Britain becoming the first British in the history of entertainment(Graeme25).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the greatest hits by Harry Launder include “Roamin in the Gloamin”, “I love a Lassie”, “Keep right unto the end of the road” and “A wee Deoch-an-Doris”. These songs made Launder the highest paid performer of his time with an estimated amount of £12,700 for each performance (Williams 138; Lauder 14).
During his forty year music career, Launder had made twenty two visits to the United States and a couple of other trips to Australia with his own train. Other accolades to his title include being knighted after the world war one for raising £1million for the troops to be rehabilitated and inculcated to the society.
According to the Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Harry Launder had rendered to the Scottish race and entire British Empire an immeasurable service through his music and philanthropy. Harry Launder died in 1950 at the age of 79 years leaving behind a legacy of songs, books and films that he had written or stirred in (William70).
The other musician to make history in the music industry was Hank Williams. He was born in 1923 with his birth name being Hiram King William (Brackett 32). Hiram would later change his name to Hank which sounded well according to him in country songs.
In 1937, Hank would start his career in a radio station WSFA with the producer offering him a program of 15 minutes as the host with a salary of $15. This was after Hank had won a talent show at the Empire theatre pocketing the grand price of $15. With the rising popularity Hank would go on to form a band with the money he got from the radio show which he called “the drifting cowboys”, and this eventually led him to quit school.Hank would record songs like “Never again” and “Honky Tonkin” which did not do better.
It was only after releasing the song “Move it on over”, that fame and fortune started to stream in.In1948,he signed a recording contract with MGM records. The following year, Hank went on to release “Love sick blues” which propelled his music to the mainstream media thus increasing his popularity as a singer. According to Helander (9), Hank was estimated to make $1000 at this point in his career for every performance he went.
It is important to mention that, Hank had eleven number one songs in the American chart since 1948-1953 making him the most successful American musician of his time and also the most popular America singer only for his record to be broken by the likes of Elvis Presley and Michael Jackson in years after (Flippo16)
We will write a custom Essay on The most influential musician from 1870 to 1950 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other hits by Hank that have gone down in history of music include “You’re cheatin heart”, “Hey, Good looking” and “I’m so lonesome I could cry”. Even though by this time Hank had become a star, he nevertheless had issues that cut off his career and life.
Excessive consumption of alcohol and morphine and other painkillers saw him being divorced by his wife and being kicked out of the band. Hank died in 1953 at the tender age of 29 years (Graeme 38). Hanks songs and composition have been used by other musicians in different fields such as pop, blues, gospel and even rock which have become instant hits (Wallace 84)
In conclusion, it is critical to mention that the above artists even though they have a divergent appeal in relation to their music genre, their success is varied in regards to one opinion.It is crucial to mention that they made music that changed the world and entertained their audience even years after they themselves had gone.
They achieved musical success at their time that made them become icons of their time. This aspect has been proved by both fame and fortune that this musicians were able to produce through their songs and lastly and the most important legacy to leave behind is their music which up to date resonate to the audience delight.
Works Cited Brackett, David. Interpreting popular music. New York: University of California Press. 2000. Print.
Flippo, Chet. Your cheatin’ heart: a biography of Hank Williams. London: Plexus. 1997. Print.
Gordon,Irving. Great Scot! The life story of Sir Harry Lauder, legendary laird of the music hall. London:Plexus 1968. Print.
Graeme, Smith.The Theatre Royal: Entertaining a Nation. Saddle River: Cengage, 2008. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The most influential musician from 1870 to 1950 by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Helander, Brock. The rockin’ ’50s: the people who made the music. New York: Schirmer Books. 2010. Print.
Lauder, Harry.The Ancestry of Sir Harry Lauder, in the Scottish Genealogist, Edinburgh:Sage.2006. Print.
Wallace, Lewes. Harry Lauder in the Limelight.London: OUP. 1988. Print.
Williams, Lycrecia, Vinicur, Dale. Still in Love with You: Hank and Audrey Williams. London: Thomas Nelson Incorporated: 1991. Print.
The Causes, Characteristics, and Aims of Revolutions Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Introduction Throughout the history of human society and governance, various forms of protestations by the governed have characterized disagreements between the governor and the governed. These differences between the rulers and their subjects usually lead to a need for negotiations, and subsequent governance changes in order that the society might continue to exist peacefully.
However, when the rulers in such a situation ignore the usually genuine demands of their subjects, the outcome is usually a form of protest and demonstration by the governed in order to express their views more powerfully. Such protests take various forms, and the outcome may be concessions that assuage the demands of the protesting governed or increased control and continued recalcitrance by the rulers and governors concerned. Revolutions are borne out of such stalemates.
Dictatorship/autocracy, poverty/inequality, and a desire for personal and communal liberty have characterized the demands of most revolutionary quests throughout history, and this commonality of demands can be seen in the demands of revolutionary masses of the 17th Century Glorious Revolution, as well as, the present day Arab Spring revolutions.
In this paper, a historical analysis of crucial revolutions in different countries and eras – beginning with the Glorious Revolution in England and ending with the Arab Spring revolutions of recent days – will be undertaken. The causes, characteristics, and outcomes of these revolutions will be analyzed. The commonality of the revolutions and their importance in a socio-historical context will also be provided in the conclusion.
The Glorious Revolution of 1688 The Glorious Revolution in England, in 1688, toppled the then English King James II. King James II’s moderate religious views, and the general excesses of the English Monarchy, stoked the fires of the revolution.
The Glorious Revolution in England is significant because many of its sociopolitical and religious outcomes extend to contemporary times (Miller 58). Although the King’s religion of Catholicism was a crucial factor for parliamentarians’ opposition to his reign, a general dissatisfaction with the King’s aristocratic reign and accompanying monarchical powers attracted opposition.
As a Roman Catholic, William II began a series of maneuvers that were meant to grant Roman Catholics in England more political voice, despite the majority of citizens in England being protestant. The English King also had a strained relationship with Parliament, and he frequently used his powers to usurp the role and functions of the legislature. Naturally, these actions earned him few friends amongst the English ruling class and citizens.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Matters became intolerable when James II’s wife gave birth to a son, who as the heir, apparently meant that Catholicism in the monarchy would continue through him, and more importantly, the reign of unchecked aristocratic powers. English legislators thus began fomenting a rebellion, and after striking a deal with the Dutch King (William of Orange), the latter attacked England with a view to toppling King James II.
In England, the invasion was successful in short order. Widespread dissatisfaction with the policies and actions of the King ensured that the masses offered little support to the King and thus did not fight him. King William of Orange and his wife Mary were subsequently enthroned as joint monarchs over England, Scotland, and Ireland.
The Outcomes of the Glorious Revolution One of the leading and most serious consequences of the Glorious Revolution was the vindication of parliamentary democracy over monarchical rule in England. Because King James II had, many times, acted unilaterally and rendered parliament irrelevant, the leaders in England were keen to ensure a repeat of such actions never occurred. Thus, the role of parliament as a law making body was established, with the King having no power to inviolate laws enacted by parliament, as James II was wont to do.
Catholicism as a religion was also banned from the Monarchy, with the monarchs now forbidden from marrying Roman Catholics too. More importantly, the Glorious Revolution led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights, a blue print for many subsequent democracies and republics keen on ensuring that the citizens enjoyed a broad-based number of inalienable rights enshrined in law.
The American Revolution (1776-1783) The American Revolution was the war waged by the then thirteen colonies of America against the British Empire with the aim of severing links with Britain. The colonies desired to chart their on social, political, and economic paths outside of the direct influence, ruler ship, and domination of Britain. The American Revolution/war of independence from 1776-1783 was caused by various socio-economic and political factors.
Chiefly, the leaders and masses in the colonies were opposed to the reign of Britain over them, and desired to establish a union of independent states connected at a federal level each with its own government (Creviston 465). The economic causes of the American Revolution were many and varied. A series of unpopular taxes imposed by Britain fuelled the Revolution. The Townshend Act, which placed taxes on a number of essential goods like paper and tea, was particularly unpopular, leading the colonists to boycott British goods.
The Stamp Act, which required many commodities to be certified with a stamp in the colonies, with the amount for the Stamp being the tax, was also hugely unpopular and fanned anti-British sentiments in the colonies. The taxes levied went directly to Britain hence had no economic benefit for the colonies, yet they were forced to pay them. The British also enacted laws forbidding the colonists from trading with other nations besides Britain, which was economically disadvantageous to the colonists.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Causes, Characteristics, and Aims of Revolutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the foremost political reasons that led to the American Revolution was the fact that, the American colonists were subjected to the authority of the British laws, yet they had no representation in the British parliament. Decisions directly affecting the political and economic structure of colonial America were being made in Britain, thousands of miles away from the playground.
This prompted the then thirteen states to unite and declare independence from the British Empire in 1776, which they accused of several acts of injustice, and these acts in their view had rendered Britain an illegitimate government, as far as the affairs of the colonies were concerned.
In a similar fashion to the Glorious Revolution, the American Revolution was carried out via military wars and actions. The colonists engaged the British army at various points/locations in the American continent, and after a protracted 7-year Revolutionary War, the British granted independence to the United States.
Outcomes of the American Revolutionary War Economic and political independence from Britain was the ultimate aim of the American Revolution, and these aims were achieved when the British granted the colonies independence. More importantly, the Revolution led to the establishment of the United States of America, a nation later to become a world power, and leader in democratic ideals throughout the globe.
The ideals of the revolutionary fighters, as spelled out in the Declaration of Independence, have served to inspire many other independence seeking groups and fighters throughout history.
The French Revolution (1789-1799) The French Revolution came soon after the end of the American Revolution, and paragons and accomplishments of the American Revolution served as inspiration for the French masses when they began their own revolution. Widespread poverty, high-handed aristocratic decrees by an Absolute Monarchy, profligate spending by the monarchy-leaning ruling class all contributed to the French Revolution (Hunt 7).
As indicated earlier, inspiration also came from the successful American Revolution, where the contents of the Declaration of Independence formed indispensable reference for the French revolutionaries. King Louis XVI’s reign had been widely unpopular, and the perceived excesses of his wife Marie Antoinette, in the face a bankrupt economy, served to turn the anger of the starving masses towards the ruling class.
The French Revolution was carried out by the masses in the cities and peasant in the rural areas, mostly led by left wing liberals who loathed aristocracy and embraced the ideals of democracy (Griffith). The masses attacked various government and monarchical establishments, most times massacring the guards and tenants they found in these buildings (Orczy 1).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Causes, Characteristics, and Aims of Revolutions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A few years into the revolution, the Jacobins (the de facto leaders of the revolution) declared a France a republic. King Louis XVI was guillotined in January 1793, while his wife, Queen Marie Antoinette, was similarly executed in October of the same year. Reign of terror followed, where the zeal to get rid of the traces of French aristocratic and Monarchical past led to the execution by the guillotine of most members of France’s aristocracy class and the monarchy, together with their perceived supporters.
Outcomes of the French Revolution The French revolution led to the abolition (although it was later briefly re-established) of the Monarchy as the supreme ruling power in France (Thomas). The Church, with Catholicism as a veritable state religion, had a limited state role after the revolution. The declaration of the rights of French citizens in the document known as The Declaration of The Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which served as a liberty guide for the masses engaged in the revolution, enshrined rights to the masses that they were previously denied.
The French established a republican style of governance, which under Napoleon Bonaparte become highly militaristic. Given that the church and the ruling class in pre-revolution France owned the largest share of land, after the Revolution, French citizens were able to exercise more property and land ownership rights after the limiting of the powers of these two entities (Betros 17).
The Russian Revolution (1917) The Bolsheviks, who led the masses in violent demonstrations against the rule of Tsar Nicholas II, instigated the Russian Revolution. Under Tsarist autocracy for centuries, the Russian masses had grown weary of the excesses of Tsarist rule.
When the First World War began, the economic repercussions experienced of the war by the masses created a sense of dissatisfaction in Tsar Nicholas II’s rule. The war meant that the masses had to receive rationed quantities and had to forgo the luxury of utilities available during peacetime. While the masses suffered, the ruling autocratic class continued to live a luxuriously, and the dissent against these inequalities culminated in a revolution that began in March (Ross 22).
The transitional leadership similarly failed to live up to the expectations of the masses; consequently, it was subsequently toppled by communist Bolsheviks in November of the same year. Violent demonstrations and battles characterized the Russian revolution, and after assuming the reigns of leadership under Lenin, the Bolsheviks had to fight several wars in order to maintain their hold on power in Russia.
Outcomes of the Russian Revolution The Bolsheviks ended centuries of Tsarist rule and established Communism in Russia. Tsar Nicholas and his family were subsequently executed in the aftermath of the revolution, symbolizing a bloody end to autocratic rule in Russia.
The Russian revolution also led to the establishment of the Soviet Union whose communist agenda throughout the world created a new centre of power in Europe in the struggle for worldwide economic, social, and political influence against the west, especially the USA (Kowalski 32). Under Stalin, the Soviet Union experienced rapid industrialization, although such economic advancements were stained by Stalin’s dictatorial stance, where millions of those opposed to his policies were summarily executed or exiled.
The Arab/Middle East Spring Revolutions The revolutions in many Arab countries, which began in December 2010 and are still currently ongoing in some Arab nations, were triggered by several factors. It is worth noting that most Arab state of present day are ruled by Kings, dictatorial leaders or leaders who have consolidated political power after having ruled for comparatively long periods (Anderson 5).
The common causes of the revolutions are dictatorship by respective regimes/leaders, widespread unemployment, economic inequality, corruption, political intolerance and a general opposition to existing governing structures. The revolutions involve demonstrations and protestations of varying degrees.
In Libya, the revolution became a full-blown Civil war where the revolutionary fighters were aided in their quest by a coalition of Western powers under the aegis of the UN. In Egypt and Tunisia, violent demonstrations that paralyzed the operations of government characterized protests. In Syria, such demonstrations involving tens of thousands of citizens have led to the deaths of a high number of civilians and law enforcement agents, but the President is yet to cede power.
In Bahrain, similar protests and demonstrations have led to a few economic concessions by King Hamad, but protests demanding the removal from power of the monarchy are still ongoing. Similar stalemates are found in Jordan, Yemen, and Syria where the political and economic concessions by the rulers have not assuaged the anger and demands of the protesters.
Outcomes of the Arab/Middle East Spring Revolutions The capitulation of the long-serving regimes of both Presidents Ben Ali of Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak by February 2011 under the wave of protests sent a strong message across the Arab world. For citizens planning or inspired by such demonstrations, the resignations of both long serving leaders was hugely inspiring.
For leaders in other Arab countries, the defeat of these leaders due to the wave of protests meant that they had to soothe the citizens of their own countries or face a similar fate (Marquand 9). By April 2011, protests had begun in the following countries: Libya, Syria, Yemen, Algeria, Bahrain, Morocco, Jordan, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon.
Therefore, the demonstrations led to socio-political and economic changes in many of these Arab countries. Besides Tunisia and Egypt, President Muammar Gaddafi was deposed in August when he fled the capital Tripoli. On October 20 2011, the revolutionary forces captured and killed Colonel Gaddafi in the outskirts of the Town of Sirte, signaling the end of his 42-year-old rule. Political concessions aimed at saving some Arab rulers similar (and perhaps less violent) fates occurred in various countries (Macfarquhar 4).
Constitutional changes in Morocco limited the powers of the King. In Sudan, President Bashir promised not to seek re-election for a third term. Prime Minister Maliki in Iraq also made a similar promise of stepping down at the end of his current term, while provincial governors resigned to allow for reforms. In Bahrain, King Hamad began negotiations intended to draw minority Shias into power positions and opportunities within government.
King Hamad also ordered the release of political prisoners. In Oman, Sultan Qaboos granted more law making powers to the legislature. In Algeria, a 19-year state of emergency was lifted, while MPs from the ruling party in Yemen all resigned to allow for political reforms.
Economically, various governments acceded to the demands of protesters, especially concerning wage increases and reduction of inequalities (Hitchens 29). In Lebanon, general wages were increased by 40%, while, in Saudi Arabia, the King announced plans to increase the wages of Saudi nationals. Sultan Qaboos announced similar measures in Oman.
From the Glorious Revolutions to the Arab Spring Revolutions: Dictatorship, Economic Inequality/Poverty, and Personal Freedom as Common causes of Revolutions
Dictatorial/Autocratic Regimes as Harbingers of Revolutions The common factor with the leaders and regimes in all the countries that have experienced revolutions discussed above is their tendency to ignore the political plight of the masses. King James II and King George of England, during the Glorious and American Revolutions respectively, repeatedly enacted laws that emasculated and muzzled the political voice of the masses under their rule.
King Louis XVI of France during the French Revolution and Tsar Nicholas II during the Bolshevik Revolution both exercised absolute power over their subjects. Similarly, all leaders in countries that experienced the Arab revolutions are guilty of concentrating political power amongst themselves, and their ardent supporters.
Repeated demands for inclusive political reforms by the revolutionary masses were repeatedly ignored in all the revolutions above, which led to revolutionary acts that many times led to the deposition and death of the leaders.
Economic Inequality/Poverty Marie Antoinette is famously said to have advised revolutionary masses protesting about the unavailability of bread to try cake instead. Such a discord and discrepancy between the lifestyles of the ruling monarchy and their subjects was a chief agent in stirring revolutionary demonstrations and wars.
Widespread poverty and economic inequalities in pre-revolution France, Russia and many of the Arab nations mentioned earlier led many citizens to the streets in desperate final attempts of overthrowing their rulers in order to attempt different economic policies that may effect change and herald better tidings for them.
Personal Freedom and Rights of Citizens Dictatorial regimes, widespread poverty, and economic inequality, naturally rob the citizens a sense of personal and communal freedom to act according to their will. The American Declaration of Independence contained the famous phrase dictating a citizen’s right to the pursuit of happiness.
The French similarly espoused a citizen’s right to liberty and freedom during and after the revolution. The Arab spring has been characterized by online activism that offered a platform for exchange of ideas amongst citizens never before experienced in restrictive Arab countries. Citizens go to extraordinary lengths to gain personal and social freedom, including undertaking revolutions.
Conclusion In a period spanning over four centuries since the Glorious Revolution in England to the present day Arab spring Revolutions, the demands of the revolutionary masses remain spectacularly similar. The masses fight against the political repression of autocratic and dictatorial rulers, poverty, and inequality, which go unchecked by these rulers, and against a tendency to eliminate their individual inalienable rights of life and liberty (Claeys 303).
The revolutions provide a study on how to avoid such confrontations and protests in present day nations. Despite the ultimate noble aims of revolutions, the accompanying loss of lives, property, and stability in nations that undergo revolutions is sometimes impossible to recoup (Sabatini 2). Therefore, democracies and republics provide suitable forms of governance for pre-empting revolutions.
Works Cited Anderson, Lisa. “Demystifying theArab Spring.” Foreign Affairs90.3 (2011): 2-6. Print.
Betros, Gemma. “The French Revolution and The Catholic Church.” History Review68.4 (2010): 16-21. Print.
Claeys, Gregory. Citizens andSaints: Politics andAnti-Politics in Early British Socialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Print.
Creviston, Peter.”No King Unless It Be AConstitutional King: Rethinking The Place Of The Quebec Act In The Coming Of The American Revolution.”Historian73.3 (2011): 463-479. Print.
Griffith, David, dir. Orphans OftheStorm. United Artists, 1921. Film.
Hitchens, Peter. “The Real Cost OftheArab Spring.” Mail onSunday08 May 2011: 29.
Hunt, Lynn. “The Problem ofPolitics in The French Revolution.” Chinese Studies inHistory43.3 (2010): 6-16.Print.
Kowalski, Ronald. The Russian Revolution: 1917-1921New York: Routledge, 1997. Print.
Macfarquhar, Neil. “The Arab Spring Finds Itself Upstaged by A New Season.” New York Times23 Sept. 2011: 4.Print.
Marquand, Rose. “Arab Women: This Time, the Revolution Won’t Leave Us Behind.”Christian Science Monitor12.1(2011): 9-15. Print.
Miller, John. The Glorious Revolution. London: Longman, 1997. Print.
Orczy, Baroness. The Scarlet Pimpernel. New York: Penguin Books, 1905. Print.
Ross, Stewart. The Russian Revolution London: Evan Brothers, 2002. Print.
Sabatini, Raphael. Captain Blood. Stilwell, Kansas: Digireads, 1922. Print.
Thomas, Ralph, Dir. A Tale ofTwo Cities. Rank Film Distributors, 1958. Film.
Use Software as a service Case Study essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Software as a Service
Introduction The software industry is a dynamic industry which has undergone several changes and one of the current trends in the industry is cloud computing. This technology is known as software as a service (SaaS), using this technology service delivery has improved in the software industry.
Several outsourcing tools are available online for different uses and purposes. Outsourcing tools rely on the technology of cloud computing whereby all processes are run on a web browser. Several cloud computing technologies are available online and they include from simple tasks such as scheduling meeting, backup solutions. All these solutions are run or processed using software technologies.
Software as a Service Cloud computing relies heavily on software to undertake the processes needed by customers. Several cloud computing tools were developed to make processes and other activities easier for customer use.
This essay is going to investigate one cloud computing tool used in management of data centers on a pre-defined environment. OpenNebula is cloud computing tool that is used in enterprise-class cloud computing management. Through opennebula.org, customers get the opportunity to download an enterprise management cloud computing tool (FornesThe Software as a Service Dilemma).
The OpenNebula project was dedicated to making a total virtual machine (VM) software toolkit. OpenNebula runs on different software platforms in providing deployed solutions in networking, storage, user management and virtualization. The importance of using a cloud computing system like OpenNebula is that it makes operations effective by providing different resources at one go.
Cloud computing systems like OpenNebula are developed as bundled applications into one suite. As a result, operating such softwareis cost effective compared to other software because operating different software which is license based are expensive. Operating different software on one platform is challenging and it not scalable since it takes a lot of computer resources (Buyya 138).
The biggest advantage in using open-source software like OpenNebula is the availability in many versions. Open-source software is designed by a team of developers who form a community of developers. In the development of OpenNebula, several developers were involved in the development of the software and thus they test the software to come up with high-quality software (Chee 42).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Compared to use of other software or systems such as telephones or e-mail communication is that cloud systems operate remotely. Total control over cloud systems is difficult considering the fact that some companies offer cloud computing services at a fee or free. These companies could go bankrupt or be bought out by a competitor and therefore the services offered might disappear.
The use of OpenNebula cloud computing suite could be replaced by Amazon’s EC2 cloud computing system which is operates on a user managed web interface (Buyya 141). EC2cloud is not open source and the configuration options are set by the admin and the software is compatible with various computer operating system environments like OpenNebula.
Conclusion Cloud computing is the new wave in processing activities through the use of online computer resources. The benefits of cloud computing are endless but several challenges lie in the implementation of cloud computing technologies.
Some of these challenges outlined include cost and trust issues. The cost of procuring a good cloud computing software or service is costly and it is difficult to trust cloud computing firms with your data (Chee 28). Although, the adoption of open source cloud computing software has lessened the challenges and revolutionalized the IT industry in resource allocation, data storage or data manipulation.
Works Cited Buyya, Rajkumar, Broberg, James, and Gościński Andrzej. Cloud Computing: Principles and Paradigms. Boston, MA: John Wiley
Enterprise Architecture Center Case Study argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Enterprise architecture (EA)isa computerized system, which organizations implement to facilitate the realization of organizational goals. The architecture refers to the modules used to make the model and the bond that exists among the same modules. The modules are engineered according to predefined principles of the system. The enterprise comprise of individuals who are part of the company. The enterprise collectively owns the technology used within the organization.
According to Hayles,the main objective of EA is to enhance the performance of an organization by reducing the instances of faults in the tasks that are performed by their employees (13). Companies that do not embrace EA overwork their employee as an approach of increasing their output. Information Technology systems broaden the chances of perfection because they are constructed for there specific purposes that are beyond human recognition.
In most organizations, EA is designated to Information Technology (IT) department. This department is perceived to be the ideal entity for spearheading the technology policy on behalf of the organization. The IT department is responsible for availing the infrastructure. The workforce of this department is comprised of intellectuals who have broad knowledge in IT concepts.
An organization must document the principles of its architecture. The principles dictate how a system is to be constructed in accordance to the needs of the organization. Different organizations have different principles and thus every organization must customize the principles to ensure that the system is fully compatible with the organization. When the principles are being drafted, the organization should evaluate its needs and scoop the practices that favor the organization.
EA is very dynamic and thus requires regular upgrading for it to function effectively. Newsoftware and system specifications are being developed everyday because the previous ones have failed to deliver the desired results. This is because the processes are also dynamic and they come with newer challenges that cannot be remedied by the current systems. IT enables organizations to expand their market share by using the web platform to market their goods and services.
Enterprise Architecture Centerstates thatarchitects construct EAs in collaboration with the management of the organization that will use it.EAs guarantee coherence and agility to customers. The virtue businesses are replacing the shopping malls gradually because the customers can shop for items and services at the click of a button.
The physical outlets confuse the customers because they do not have any form of uniformity. This is because they exist as independent entities. The adoption of IT policies by organizations favors the customers too because they are able to make informed decisions that are facilitated by the coherence of IT systems.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More EA requires an organization to combine its efforts because the realization of goals may take a longer period tobe experienced. Themarkets are very dynamic and customers who are in pursuit of top-notch goods and services at subsidized prices are inducing the changes.
In some instances, the organizations are the key initiators of EA because they are using IT concepts as a differentiation approach. Organizations that are not vigilant risk being ejected from the market because it is only the most creative enterprises that can survive in these tough battles.
Organizations face many risks when implementing EA.The risks are related to safeguarding the interests of their consumers by ensuring that the transactions are conducted safely.EA requires an organization to interconnect its processes and this presents the challenge of solving problems when they arise. When an IT system is complicated, its management is more demanding compared to the case of a less integrated system.
Larger organizations tend to have complex systems and therefore a problem in one section will affect the entire system. Simplicity is a challenge to the architects because the security of data in a system cannot be compromised and thus the engineers have to create a balance between simplicity and complexity. Complicated IT systems tend to be more secure but on the other hand, they are not friendly to the users.
EA is making organizations to merge for achieving a common goal. For the mergers to be realistic the organizations must be compatible with each other.Lidderdale argues that the mergers are being employed to ensure that organizations utilize their full potential by relying on their unique strengths (1).EA advocates for decentralization of organizations by giving the employees the authority to execute orders. This is because the processes are interconnected and communication takes place in real time and effectively.
The IT systems also bring the customers in close vicinity to the processes and thus contribute to improvement of processes. Thecustomers use the IT infrastructure to convey their compliments and complain to the management. The IT systems simplify the tasks that are performed by members of an organization by trimming the workloads. The employees are not overwhelmed and therefore can attend to customer issues effectively, which enhances the reputation of the organization.
Developing and implementing EA are demanding tasks and therefore an organization needs to outsource some of its functions to relevant agencies. This implies that the content that is pursued by customers can be availed by another contracted entity.
We will write a custom Case Study on Enterprise Architecture Center specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Schkkerman suggests that the infrastructure can also be owned by another entity which means that the only elements of business that are possessed by the organization are the customers and the value (16). Designating the role of providing IT infrastructure helps in reducing operating costs by a bigger margin. This is because the entity that owns the infrastructure is responsible for maintaining the equipments.
Additionally,the organization should reserve money for funding IT training initiatives. This is a long-term investment because the trained employees will work for the company and thus compensate for the monies that were spent on their training. Besidesthat,the field of IT is very dynamic and thus regular training is required to ensure that employees are updated on emerging trends. This will give the employees new strengths in their areas of specialization.
The idea of establishing an EA remains very noble until the whole project is engulfed by challenges. In most cases EA losses its relevance when it fails to fulfill its intended purpose which entails reducing the cost and improving performance. This is because the employees do not appreciate a system that drags them behind.
Besidesthat, IT projects take more time to be finished which causes the budget to exceed the initial amount. When the above mentioned scenario occurs the organization in question opts to remain put just for the sake of implementing the IT concept but deep down the EA becomes an obstacle (Enterprise Architecture Center 1).
When confusion sets in the management must emphasize on the need to adhere to the principles of the organization. This suggests that an initiative cannot be aborted once it has commenced. This is because the management evaluates all the options at an early stage and selects the one that is best suited for the organization.
Theenvironment of the organization influences the choice of a framework. There are different EAs for different organizations.The IT personnel should assume the role of consultants because they are more knowledgeable in these matters. As can help an organization discover other areas that can be of much benefit because they are radical systems.
In this regard, information systems were developed to help organizations to carry out their tasks much faster without having to think critically about the task. The systems automate the tasks such that the employees do not have to be physically present to carry out the task.
However, Wagter, Van den berg, and Luijpers argue that the same systems are blamed for declining levels of creativity in most organizations (19). This is because the IT systems do not involve the users in their processes, thus the user is presented with the desired results. The appropriateness of the results depends on the accuracy of the data that is inserted by the user.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Enterprise Architecture Center by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The IT systems enable people to perform duties faster while cutting back on the costs, but on the other hand, they deny people an opportunity to demonstrate their abilities and skills. This is because they discredit the efforts of the user. Forinstance, when a system handles a certain task, the effectiveness is owed to the system instead of the user who provided information to the system.
Works Cited Enterprise Architecture Center. Enterprise Architecture Governance. 2010.Web.
Hayles, Rupert.“Planning and Executing IT Strategy.”IT Professional Magazine. 9.5 (2007): 12-20. Print.
Lidderdale, Patrick. Importance of Enterprise Architecture. 24 Mar. 2009. Web.
Schkkerman, Jaap. How to Survive In the Jungle of Enterprise Architecture Frameworks: Creating or an Enterprise Architecture Framework.2nd ed. Canada: Trafford Publishing, 2004. Print.
Wagter, Roel, Martin Van den Derg and Joast Luijpers. Dynamic Enterprise Architecture: How to Make it Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley
The Crucible by Arthur Miller Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
What issues are being adressed
How the issues are handled
Introduction The crucible is a play written in the McCarthyism era by Arthur Miller. McCarthyism was a movement in the nineteen-fifties led by Senator Joe McCarthy in search for communists in the government of the United States. A crucible as defined is a vessel whereby heating and melting of metal using high temperatures take place for sole purposes of casting.
Metaphorically, a crucible can also refer to an era in history where the society seems to be melted down and remolded into a new castby the forces of great cultural, social, and political changes. The same word has remarkable similarities with crucifixion, which is the major intention of Miller by choosing it to be the title of his play.
The plays interweaves Christ’s crucifixion with the picture of a bubbling crucible in it a man and a society: the predicament of arriving to the right choice of morality and the inevitability of attaining redemption through sacrifice. These two themes, certainly, occur in the amplified struggle between good and evil.
The crucible puts to lime light countless enduring issue that affects our society at large. These issues include honor and integrity, power issues and its abounding corruption, the characteristics of excellence and wickedness, and the likelihood to evade all sorts of problems by creation of scapegoats. This paper aims at showing how the crucible exposes the above named issues in a dramatic fashion.
What issues are being adressed The issues of honor and integrity are depicted very well in the Crucible. Conscience is an inward sense of decency which propels most people towards what we term as being right(Miller 1). Nevertheless, in moment of public discord, we end up give our consciousness the rear seat which is naturally expected of us.
For one to stand up for the right thing even in the most challenging opposition, it asks for a strong will of conscience(Miller 2). Although taking such an action is perceived as noble and honorable in retrospection, it is rarely received well by the majority in real and actual events. Miller handles the issue of integrity and honor by bring the character of proctor.
How the issues are handled The reason as to why proctor was hanged, it was because he chose to uphold his integrity at the end. If proctor had chosen to compromise his integrity by confessing thus lying, he would not have been blamed by the audience. Proctor realized that by compromising he would betray his close friends therefore he chose to sacrifice his life for his conscience.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More By following his conscience, and sacrificing his life, proctor became a real martyr before the audience eyes (Miller 3). This trend repeats itself even in our day to day life. We are very quick at applauding those who chose to uphold their integrity but we do not have enough strength of moral fiber to do so. The death of proctor turns out to be a moral exclamation point, and the modern audiences would be affected profoundly(Archer 5).
A large part of the play is dominated by the issues of power. Domineering criminals in the play have power possession and this prompt Miller to sound a warning on the corrupting qualities behind power. This is depicted clearly when Abigail and the other group of girls after realizing that they posses great power, they seek to use it for their own benefits.
Danforth possessesthe greatest power in the play, and he had the capacity to declare the proceedings at any one given time for the irrationality they were in (Archer 7). However, even at the final point when his actions were plainly and clearly not upright he preferred to proceed with his judgment.
The crucible playdisplayed how excess power is harmful and dangerous, since the temptation is ready waiting to be abused. The individuals in power in Salem, when scrutinized under theocratic government justification are found to absolutely abuse power, and in process destroying innocent people. This gives a clear illustration of how the law is not always correct, and if that is the case, we are supposed to stand up to it(Bly 2).
Proctor did exactly that by challenging the court. Power does not usually land on the principled or the prudent, but rather in the control of self centered individuals. Today In our very democratic governments, the authorities are responsible to the entire society for the things they decide to do, and therefore, are under control to a given degree. From the play, we can see clearly that a position assuming excess power and having no oneto be responsible to tends to be corrupted by that power.
It has always been noted that,numerous societies come up with some sort of scapegoat for any atrocity that they face. At that particular time,Salem was notan exception (Bly 5).
At that period, the population was becoming uncomfortable with the extreme measures taken by the government to ascertain that they never deviated, and this caused general crisis. Danforth desire to control this crisis could have led him to execute the condemned ‘witches’ to a point far beyond any comprehension of therational mind would know that the actions were not right(Miller 2).
We will write a custom Essay on The Crucible by Arthur Miller specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Danforth might have desired to show the population how rebels like Proctor were punished and the execution through hangings could have acted as warning to anyone planning to carry out a social upheaval. As a matter of fact, the devil has always served as a very easy scapegoat. Thebehavior to always find a scapegoats goes on even today, and there is always someone who takes the blame on our behalf.
Conclusion Much had to be offered to the audience by the play Crucible in 1996. The issues addressed by the play are very much similar to the issues facing our modern world. There is much the modern audience canidentify with the issue of corruption and power, integrity and honor,the issue of rule governing the society and the methods used to condemn those people who deviate from the rulestogether with our burning desires to blame others by creating a scapegoat.
Important issues to the Americans were addressed by the Crucible. The crucible exposed what the world in general is facing in real sense, people in power are manipulating powers bestowed on them to control other people and impose ideologies which are not sensible. Hunger for power and control have led to people committing crimes against humanity.
Also, the inability of people to withhold their integrity has caused innocent people to suffer in the place of those guilty for committing an atrocity. People in power hide under the shadow of authority to oppress the weak and vulnerable. The crucible has played a very important role in addressing what is actually happening in the world.
Works Cited Archer. The Crucible: Theme. Web.
Bly, William.Arthur Miller’s The Crucible. USA: Barron’s Educational Series, 1984.
Bradford, Wade. The Crucible – A Challenging Masterpiece. https://www.thoughtco.com/the-crucible-a-challenging-masterpiece-2713659 21 October 2011.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. A
The NAFTA Treaty Between the US and Mexico Essay college application essay help
The NAFTA treaty, which was signed two decadesago, has immensely promoted trading relations between the US and Mexico. Prior to the NAFTA agreement, Mexico imposed high import tariffs and trade restrictions on American goods. Mexico’s protectionist policies changed during the late 80s when the country was hit by a severe economic crisis. Since then Mexico has ratified several free trade agreements with the EU, Japan, and most significantly the NAFTA treaty with Canada and the US.
The 1994 NAFTA treaty between Mexico and the US phased out several taxes,particularly on the products traded between these countries.In addition, it called for elimination of other tariffs. Despite the fact that there have been calls, particularly from America’s labor unions such as Teamsters to suspend the treaty, it remains clear that both countries have greatly leaped more from open trading relations.
This was evident when American officials defied conservative views that Mexican trucks’ presence in the US could lead to job losses and unwarranted competition between Mexicanand American truck drivers.
For some time, the question of free movement of goods by road transport between these two countries was dominated by political battles despite the fact that two-thirds of cross-border trade between the US and Mexico goes by road. Shermanargues that according to the NAFTA treaty, “transport companies from both countries weresupposed to have unrestricted access to highways on border states by 1995 and full access to all American highways by January 2000” (Sherman).
However, America’s Teamsters fiercely fought against this provision, arguing that Mexican trucks were unsafe and lacked the necessary pollution control gear. In addition, they claimed that Mexican drivers were inadequately trained and unqualified to drive in American highways.
American courts and the NAFTA dispute-resolution panel rejected these allegations claiming that they violated the NAFTA agreement. This forced the NAFTA dispute-resolution panel to give Mexico the green light to impose retaliatory tariffs. Nevertheless, Mexico decided to put the decision on holdto give the US time toappreciate its commitments. The grace period passed when US Congress “approved measures setting 22 new safety standards for Mexican trucks” (Sherman).
After that the first Mexican truck recently crossed the border amid celebrations from both sides hence fulfilling a long-delayed provision of NAFTA, which had stalled for more than a decade because the US feared that Mexico could jeopardize its highway safety standards and put American jobs at risk.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Mexican officials who attended the ceremony affirmed that the success of the treatylargely relied on the safety and efficiency of the project. Previously, Mexican trucks have transported raw materials and finished products to the interior of the US although that happened as part of a pilot project.
This project had initially been hindered by policy concerns leading to its cancellation two years ago by Obama’s administration. Mexico was angered by the USA’s decision to suspend the project.Moreover,it increased tariffs on selected American goods such as “Christmas trees onions, apples, oranges, deodorants, sunglasses among others” (Sherman).
Nonetheless, after the US authorities allowed Mexican trucks to ply the US highways, Mexican authorities suspended the tariffs, but cautioned the US that the tariffs could be reinstated if they failed to follow the treaty.
The move came after America’s Department of Transportation acknowledged that the all the safety concerns had been resolved. It also added that electronic monitoring systems had been put in place to track operational hours when the trucks are on the roads. Additionally, US affirmed that it will screen all the drivers to ensure that they pass “safety reviews, drug tests, and assess their English proficiency” (Sherman).
Work Cited Sherman, Christopher. “Mexican Truck Is First in US under Delayed NAFTA Program.”
Associated Press. The Associated Press., 21Oct. 2011. Web.
Building a Better Workplace through Motivation: Kellogg’s Case SWOT Analysis Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction In the Kellogg’s Case, the writer discusses motivation in places of work by relating theories of motivation to Kellogg’s motivation techniques. Kellogg Company is a leading producer of cereal foods worldwide. It employs people from different disciplines including Engineering, Finance and Marketing. This paper discusses a SWOT analysis of this case study in relation to building a better workplace through motivation.
Strengths The case study employs classical and neo-classical theories of motivation. This combination captures both traditional and modern theories of motivation. The latter viewed employees as machines motivated by money only while the former viewed human beings as social beings with emotions.
The choice ofKellogg Company is perfect because it has many departments and disciplines which aptly captures employees from a wide range. The case does not limit a reader to thinking that there is a particular way to motivate employees. However, it underscores the need for any company to have values and a culture that employees indentify with and uphold.
Weaknesses The writer fails to bring a comparative. Kellogg Company is a leader in employee motivation. A comparative from the lower side would paint a better picture of what the writer is explaining. The writer does not put his discussion in an immediate context. Currently, employees are more enlightened and know their rights.
They also demand more work flexibility. The different segments of employees have varying demands on employers but the case does not capture this. These segments include Baby-Boomers, the Y-Generation and women, among others. I also find the case delving into what theories say too much instead of their applicability. The writer should have used little information to discuss theories and focus more on what Kellogg Companydoes to make a workplace better.
Opportunities The case is interesting in that it allows a reader, who has interest in employee motivation, to draw comparison on how to apply the different theories of motivation from Kellogg. This acts like a benchmark because it is a leader in that area. It is also a starting point in deciding which theories apply to a particular company. Is it Maslow’s Hierarchy, Elton Mayo’s Theory or Herzberg’s Theory?It may be a combination of all of like in Kellogg’s Case.
Threats The context from which many organizations operate has greatly changed. Employees are more vibrant and demand more from employers. The different segments of employees present an employer with a problem on how to balance demands. Human rights organization and governments are placing demands on employers to make the place of work more pleasant for employees.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More All these and the need to be competitive to retain the best workers make some of the theories the writer discusses irrelevant. Businesses are also operating from an environment where decision-making, social responsibility and integrity in profit making define operations.
Conclusion Employee motivation is critical in the success of any organization. Motivated employees are happier at work. They also perform better. This is especially true when they are intrinsically motivated. In the Kellogg’s Case, the writer’s discussion captures motivation techniques and appropriately relates them to both classical and neo classical theories of motivation. This paper looks at a SWOT analysis of the above Case Study in relation to building a better workplace through motivation.
The core teaching of Jesus Essay writing essay help
During his time of ministry, Jesus taught many teachings through parables, proverbs, and wise sayings to his 12 disciples and the crowds that followed him wherever he went. Unlike the prophets who came before him, Jesus taught with authority (Mathew 7:29). He forgave sinners, cleansed the unclean, and performed many miracles that baffled the Pharisees and the teachers of the law. Like the prophets before him, he came with God’s divine message and purpose, to fulfill the word.
Many people including Jesus’ disciples returned to him secretly to learn the deeper meaning of his parables. Even though he eluded the Kingdom of God to things familiar to them, they could not still understand him. The core of Jesus’ teachings was on the fact that God love us and that we should love each other just as he has demonstrated his love to us.Many of other Jesus’teachings gave strength to this core teaching of love.
When Jesus’ disciples asked himof the greatest commandment, he answered them by saying, “love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all you mind and with all your strength,” (Mathew 22:37 KJV). There are many instances where Jesus talked about love. First was at the mountainside. He said,
Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for hemaketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? Do not even the publicans so? (Mathew 5:43-48).
In this teaching on the mountain, Jesus strengthened the word of God,as was his purpose for teaching. By telling the people to love their enemies, Jesus was showing them the example of God’s love to us, which we should extend to our enemies.
When the time of Jesus’ death came, as was prophesied, he still spoke to his disciples about loving each as he had loved them, “A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.” (John 13:34). During the time of Moses, offering of burnt sacrifices was done to appease God. The priests at the temple performed this noble task every time the wrath of God befell the nation. It was awayof cleansing the people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Jesus, love was greater that burnt sacrifices. “And to love…is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” Mark 12:33.He condemned the Pharisees and the teachers of the law who lead sinful lives and continued proclaiming the word of God and offering sacrifices in the temple. He eluded them to blind leaders of the blind. “Let them alone: they are blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.” MATTHEW 15:14
Work Cited New King James Version Bible. n.d.