Management Of Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital Case Study Custom Essay Help

Table of Contents Executive Summary

Problem Identification and Analysis

Statement of Major problem

Generation and Evaluation of a range of Alternative Solutions




Executive Summary The kitchen and cafeteria section of Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital provides a vital role of ensuring sustainable provision for food and refreshment to all its stakeholders.

In order for the hospital to realize its strategic plan according to Patrick et al (1993), the kitchen and cafeteria department seems to be prompted to redefine its organization culture in tandem with the technology and economic status of the hospital without compromising the quality of foods been served to the patients and staff. The hospital faces a major predicament of timely and quality service delivery.

Meals are supposed to be ready on time. In fact, some patients need special diet, a predetermined menu will not be ideal for such cases according to Hofstede (1980).The kitchen supervisor should have a good working relationship with other operational workers needs motivation and appreciated.

During Mrs. Ann Burton’s tenure as a food service manager, she kept a close tie with workers and she could establish their needs and in turn, workers would feel personal job satisfaction. However, Mrs. Ann Burton’s management style according to Carver et al (2001) rendered itself to a strong working culture of consultation; this is according to Cameron et al (1999).

The workers later could later fail to accept the new autocratic management style that was brought by Keith. No matter the effort of Keith to bring harmony and efficiency in cafeteria, He seemed to fail to involve workers when he was making decisions, a situation that rendered him to hire a young graduate who would have energy to forcibly push on his management style at the expense of experienced workers who knew their work and all what they required was motivation.

Problem Identification and Analysis The source of the management crisis in Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital is drastic change of organization culture, according to Shein (1992) which was left by Mrs. Ann Burton. The cafeteria staffs enjoyed and felt motivated according to Cofer et al (1967). They worked in a friendship and family manner without adhering to any sense of orderliness.

The workers seem to be very resilient to protect their working culture by all means no matter the effort of the new Keith- Food Manager to set-up control measures and changing job descriptions. Keith’s new autocratic management style was doomed to compromise kitchen and cafeteria standards because the staff is very demoralized and there was also the likelihood of staff resigning their jobs.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There was imminent failure of the former deceased’s food service manager, Mrs. Ann, who did not orient the kitchen staff to set objectives, a situation which had aggravated the basis of the negative working culture among the kitchen staff. This situation was evident by the resignation of Mrs. Angela immediately after the death of Ann.

Her impromptu decision to resign confirmed an escape strategy and her unwillingness to address the underlying issues of lack of objectives and goals by some staff, it was also apparent that she did not have courage like Keith to face the underlying management issues head on, a situation she knew all along, according to Black (2003). The working environment would lead to the cafeteria operating on losses and even a bloated work force.

The hiring of a graduate, Ms. Madison, aggravated the management crisis in the kitchen because she was inexperienced to offer competence supervisory skills, actually, she would have required time to learn the working behavior of the kitchen staff, unfortunately she practiced Keith’s management skills inflicting harsh measures to workers and now alleviated Keith walk around managerial tactics causing him to be less involved in the occurrence and operation of the kitchen.

On the other hand, Ms Madison felt the experienced kitchen workers were not respectful and she decided to stamp her authority by issuing warning letters to Ms. Julia, She would have used diplomatic measures or verbal warning as after disagreement.

Eventually, the kitchen staff seemed to have agreed to keep a low profile of the strict management style and evidently chosen to work below their potential. A situation that is likely to hinder the hospital administration failed to meet the ultimate goal of offering high standards to their patients and other stakeholders.

Statement of Major problem It is imminent that the management crisis in Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital was as a result of an organization culture that requires being refined which was affecting the performance and efficiency of the food and cafeteria department. The approach to mitigate this culture should have been be planned and communicated by the management of the hospital.

The choice of authoritative management by Keith was rewarding negatively on the optimum performance of the cafeteria and kitchen and more so, a burden to the old staff that had not been exposed to this type of management, they needed to be given enough time to learn on the job new management style as time goes by. At the same time Mr. Keith had to take on board the views of all kitchen staff and did not to deny them their right of job satisfactions, fringe benefits, collegiality and over-time allowance.

We will write a custom Case Study on Management of Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There was also the tendency or element of Keith failing to appraise and appreciate the effort of the kitchen staff, rendering them to feel like their work was a punishment. He did not at any incidence appreciate the effort of the workers but instead he withdrew their fringe benefits such as coffee and break time among other withdrawals.

Moreover, subjecting kitchen staff to mop the floor instead of cleaners was intimidating and unappreciative of the role of kitchen staff that performed a task that even cleaners cannot carry out if roles had been substituted.

The entire work force for the kitchen and cafeteria department developed low morale to carry out their duties because they were not involved in changing organization the culture and the fact that Keith had not been able to establish a healthy working environment with them, he did not communicate the change of policy in a courteous manner.

The entire cafeteria workforce felt intimidated by the drastic change of management style and would missed the days of Mrs. Ann because Keith was not working closely with them. There was a feeling of loss of direction because Keith was only issuing directives, a situation they were not used to and it would take time for them to comprehend with this new working environments.

It would have been prudent for Keith to realize how desperate the workforce depended on him for support and motivation. This situation would have been an opportunity for Keith to grab in order to influence the kitchen workers to comply his new bureaucratic administration of cafeteria operations.

Another weakness or a problem facing the hospital was a lack of appraisal for the kitchen supervisor who required constant review of her objectives and performance. This would have been effectively affected by Keith because the supervisor reported directly to him. In fact, the appraisal exercise would have been clearly used as a tool to anticipate the kitchen problems before quality and efficiency got compromised.

Ms. Madison being a young graduate, young and not overwhelmed would also have appraised the kitchen staff so that they were also held accountable with what they did in the kitchen. Appraisal of objective would also have been used to eliminate and mould the new organization culture at an individual level because the current kitchen staff were too dependent on their supervisor’s directives and would always reject any mode and ways of changing their working culture that has become their comfort zone.

Generation and Evaluation of a range of Alternative Solutions Toward evaluating and redefining the organization culture according to Shein (1992), it is paramount for the hospital administration to empower workers to dedicate the organizational culture to the hospital’s vision and mission. The deceased, Ann, had managed to compel workers to integrate the organizational culture in their work which was evident on high performance and quality services of cafeteria by then.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Management of Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Not all organizational cultures are bad or negative according to Hofstede (1980).Some cultures are effectively used to aid and instill a great warm working relationship. Therefore, any strategy to review the organizational culture should be addressed with extreme consideration to avoid long term resistance by an already motivated workforce.

The prevailing existence of a discontented workforce at Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital – cafeteria ad kitchen department cannot be dismissed with introduction of new workforce composed of young graduates. What is required is management to establish motivation strategies such as team building, better heath schemes, training among others. Such measures would come in handy in redefining the organization culture and orderliness in cafeteria and kitchen.

The workers’ efforts in all processes of cafeteria and kitchen need to be recognized and appreciated. According to Carlson et al (2009) appreciation is psychological and ultimately affects the behavior of workers towards how they perform their duties responsibly.

In itself, appreciation cannot be quantified but ultimately translates to a good working relation that benefits all stake holders of the Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital. Patients will also benefit with good and quality food that would aid their quick recovery and continued loyalty to the hospital and serves as good ambassadors’ of the hospital.

Despite the negative working culture, the team spirit of workers was inadequate because there was neither informal nor formal evidence of workers putting effort together for a common purpose, according to Cameron et al (1999).

The workers’ welfare serves as an indicator of workers’ spirit of togetherness and if such alignment can be integrated to the working environment, workers can form an amicable team that would be creative and efficient. The kitchen staff was noted to have enjoyed chatting and sipping coffee during their break time, a gathering that would not have been referred as a reflection team spirit but was a strategy of passing time.

Recommendations The apparent status quo of management crisis in Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital requires an urgent team building workshop to impact a new culture of team spirit and a forum to capture personal issues that could be affecting each worker according to Patrick et al (1993). The team building should be done on a different environment to psychologically acquit workers to expose and reflect their working issues.

The facilitator of the team building should be a neutral party and should portal leadership quality in order to compel workers not to feel threatened by speaking their mind about their work without a notion or feeling the repercussion if administration will victimize them.

The team building will also serve as an opportunity for forgiveness and reconciliation, workers-Julia will be able to reconsider restoring working well with Ms Madison and forget their difference. Moreover, Keith would use team building to capture the other positive character of the kitchen staffs and even trust their effort.

Besides, the team building, it is important for the hospital administration to come up with effective motivation strategy according to Carver et al. (2001).The greatest managerial persuasion and Influence tool is motivation. A motivated workforce concerns itself with productive efforts. It should be open minded and embrace changes.

Therefore, the director of Sir Charles Wilberforce Hospital should give a priority to formulate and come up with motivation scheme. Remuneration alone according to Thomas (2004) does not provide adequate motivation compared to other behavioral hygienic working conditions such as medical schemes, token of appreciations, training, provident funds among other.

In an event that the hospital administration adopts motivation strategies, there will be a realization of improved performance and staffs will be contended with their duties.

The kitchen workforce requires to be trained on how to set their own objects. The advantages of this management tactic will be to empower them to be their own bosses and to make them relevant to their day to day job in easy and diplomatic methods.

The appraisal mechanism will ease the supervisor burden and make her venture into other duties that are paramount to the service delivery and an opportunity for her to carry out research on upcoming food menus and other areas that would promote the hospital image.

The kitchen supervisor and in liaison with the Keith- Kitchen supervisor should out source a workshop to train workers on performance management system. This tool will be used to justify the laying down redundant worker who have out lived their productivity age. The tool will also be an opportunity for the energetic workers who are ambitious to get promotion and have never come close to reach their ambition due to their supervisor’s preferences.

The performance management tool will be conversant to the top management of the hospital and they will easily get acquainted with the performance of the hospital without requiring the long board room meetings. During the appraisal of the objectives, workers can use this opportunity to lists the factors hindering their performance and if the issue addressed the hospital will benefit with acquisition of new facilities and at the same time realize improved performance according to Kapfere (2008).

The cafeteria and kitchen supervisor- Keith should think of establishing a customer care representative who will be in charge of responding to issues and complaints from parents and other staff members. With the eventual filling of this position it is necessary also to look for mechanism to motivate and empower the office bearer.

Implementation In the realization of the recommendations that a team building should be conduct, Keith the kitchen and cafeteria supervisor should write a proposal for both team building and motivation strategy of which he deems to be viable to solve the current problem of management crisis and bad organization culture.

According to the protocol Keith should present the proposal document to the Hospital director- Mr. Dev. He ought to defend his case and convince Mr. Dev about the benefits of the exercise compared to the cost of both team building and motivation strategies. He should introduce the facilitator of team building to formally meet Mr. Dev so that he/she would respond to any issues that Mr. Dev would be having and the subsequent planning of the venue, reservation and other logistics.

It is therefore important at the recommendation stage to lay down proper mechanisms to integrate an ideal organizational culture according to Carlson (2009). The recommendation face should be integrated in phases to avoid running down the mechanisms and logistics for doing that.

The aspect of addressing individual differences and the setting up of proper communication and sensitization measures to tackle people who may be resentful is vital aspect of this stage This is bound to help the implementers meet cooperative employees who are ready to help with new ideas or to offer any help needed according to Black (2003).

With the ratification of the money to be incurred in the team building and motivation respectively by Mr. Dev and in liaison with account department of the hospital, Keith is required to conduct a meeting with all kitchen staffs and communicate to them about the objectives, date, venue and other preparations.

Keith should also communicate the mechanism that he intends to put in place to substitute the kitchen and cafeteria roles because the hospital cannot be closed due to the team building exercise. He should out source a reliable company to provide food service to the hospital for the few days of the team building according to Cameron et al (1999).

All the staff should be given the materials needed in the workshop and it should be communicated that during the workshop, the staff should behave according to the core values of the hospital.

References Black, R 2003, Organizational Culture: Creating the Influence Needed for Strategic Success, London, UK.

Cameron et al. 1999, Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture: Based on the Competing Values Framework, Prentice Hall.

Carlson, N 2009, Psychology the Science of Behaviors, Pearson Education, Toronto, Canada.

Carver et al 2001, On the self-regulation of behavior, Cambridge University Press, New York.

Cofer et al 1967, Motivation: Theory and Research, John Wiley


Information Technology Changes in Business: Strategic IT Analysis Case Study cheap essay help

Introduction The need to adopt strong strategic initiatives is the natural follow-up to the analysis undertaken on Medical Devices Contract Manufacturing (MDCM), to unearth systemic failures in the company’s operations. The need for the development of strategic measures to solve the supply chain bottlenecks come from the desire to turn around the financial performance of MDCM.

The process for doing this requires the identification of relevant IT projects that have the best chance of solving MDCM’s problems, followed by an evaluation of the projects to assess their suitability to the company in terms of the impact they will have as solutions to the problem, and whether the company can implement them within its resources. A sequenced list showing the most optimal project will be the output of the evaluation process after the identification of the relevant projects.

IT Projects Appropriate for MDCM The previous report contained a number of strategic and tactical initiatives required to turn around the operations of the company. The basic elements in these measures focused on improvements in the supply chain, improvement in information sharing between departments and consolidation of operations in various sections of the company.

The most significant element of the strategies that came out in the analysis was the need to utilize IT systems to smooth out the operations of the company. The specific tasks identified included the use of an information platform to streamline marketing by making it possible to develop and execute a consistent marketing strategy across different subsidiaries operating in different markets.

Secondly, the report identified the need to streamline the supply chain to ensure that there was an effective procurement regime to reduce productions costs and to reduce the turnaround time. Thirdly, the report identified the need to increase the innovative edge of the company by increasing the number and the quality of new products.

In addition, the company needs to find ways of raising the entry barriers for the fresh and upcoming competition. Another need the report identified was the need to revamp R


Southern Company Report essay help: essay help

Introduction Southern Company is an energy generating company that creates and distributes electricity in Southeastern region of US. It possesses all the common stocks of Alabama Power Company, Georgia Power Company, Gulf Power Company among others. Southern Company mainly functions in Alabama, Georgia and Southeastern Mississippi in the United States.

The company’s headquarters are in Atlanta. It employs around 26,000 people. It supplies its electricity to a 120,000 square mile distance. It has various generation fleets which assist in distribution of electricity to its customers (Datamonitor, 2011).

Company’s mission, vision, and primary stakeholders

Southern Company’s mission is to provide reliable, superior and affordable electricity services to its customers. These objectives are realized when the company completes every task safely and when it achieves Southern Style. Southern Style involves complete commitment, exemplary performance and absolute trust in Southern Company’s business operations (Southern Company, 2010).

Vision statement states the future or long term goals and objectives of an organization. Southern Company’s vision is to be the world’s greatest energy generating company (Southern Company, 2010).

Primary stakeholders: Stakeholders are the people that are affected or who could be affected by the company’s activities. Southern Company’s main stakeholders are the personnel, consumers, financiers, the public, suppliers, NGOs and regulators (Southern Company, 2010).

Five (5) forces of competition and how it impacts the company

Rivalry: This involves competition from firms offering similar products (Porter, 2010, par. 1). For instance, Southern Company is facing competition due to change in federal laws. This has increased the presence of old electricity suppliers and wholesalers. Therefore, Southern Company’s net income is being affected by these changes in supply and demand.

Threat of Substitutes: Substitutes are products which are already being offered by other producers, therefore, affecting price and demand (Porter, 2010, par. 7). There are other companies offering electricity products such as North America utility companies. This has reduced the demand for Southern Company’s electricity and subsequent market share.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Buyer Power: This is the effect that consumers have on a company (Porter, 2010, par. 10). Southern Company’s buyers are powerful because they are large corporations who buy in large quantities. The company’s subsidiaries are able to supply to municipalities and millions of customers.

Supplier Power: This involves the influence that suppliers have on the production company (Porter, 2010, par. 11). If suppliers are powerful, they can sell at high prices. Otherwise, they are weak. Southern Company’s suppliers are weak because the company mainly sells on retail to its consumers. Therefore, it avoids manipulation by the wholesalers and consequently, the performance is maintained.

New entrants’ threats and barriers: These are new competitors entering the industry (Porter, 2010, par. 11). As a result of changes in federal laws, barriers to enter electricity market are less. This has seen many companies emerge together with contracts futures. As a result, Southern Company’s performance is at a threat.

SWOT analysis for the company identifying the major strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats Southern Company’s strengths are

Wide range of generation fleet: Southern Company has a varied generation fleet that is shared among the old operating companies and Southern Power. The old operating companies are controlled utility branches of Southern Company. They include Georgia, Alabama, Gulf and Mississippi Power companies.

SEGCO is also a company that has its own electric generating facilities. Alabama and Georgia Power are both eligible to half of SEGCO’s energy capability. Southern Company’s varied generation fleet helps in taking care of its consumer’s power needs (Datamonitor, 2011)

Wide customer base: Southern Company serves a wide variety of customers. For instance, it serves residents, industries among others. Its utilities reach around 4.4 million consumers. Georgia Power is supplied on retail to over 600 communities within Georgia and on wholesale to corporations.

On the other hand, Alabama Power supplies its electricity on retail to over 650 communities such as Anniston, Gadsden among others. It also supplies on wholesaler to 15 electricity distribution networks that are owned by the municipal council. Alabama Power also liaises with suppliers in order to support sale of electric devices.

We will write a custom Report on Southern Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Gulf Power supplies its electricity on retail to 71 communities such as Panama City and Pensacola. Additionally it supplies on wholesale to municipalities. Mississippi Power on the other hand supplies on retail to 123 communities and rural residents. It also supplies on wholesale to one municipal council, six rural associations and one transmitting cooperative. This varied customer base shields the company’s general performance from economic downturns (Datamonitor, 2011).

Southern Company’s weaknesses are

Reliance on branches to pay dividends: Since Southern Company has subsidiaries. it does not have its own operations. Therefore, in order for Southern Company to be able to pay dividends and other expenses, it depends on the income and cash flows of its subsidiaries and their capacity to pay upstream dividends.

Since these subsidiaries are separate legal bodies, they have no responsibility to fund Southern Company’s needs. Over reliance on the subsidiaries to pay its obligations can affect the confidence of Southern Company’s shareholders (Datamonitor, 2011).

Inadequate presence: Some electricity supply companies in North America supply electricity and gas. They therefore take advantage of this wide range of their products. However, Southern Company is dedicated to supply electricity to the US markets. This increases the risk related with electricity market performance. Therefore, the company is exposed to changing product prices because it takes part in significant energy trading. Eventually, this can affect the Southern Company’s performance (Datamonitor, 2011).

Southern Company’s opportunities

Partnership with Turner Renewable Energy: This partnership has been formed in order to undertake renewable energy developments in the US. The first aim is to create large-scale solar projects in the places that have efficient solar resources.

Consequently, Southern Company in conjunction with Turner Renewable Energy have absorbed Solar Photovoltaic Power Project. The project will be in a position to support around 9,000 homes. The emphasis on renewable energy will allow Southern Company to lessen its reliance on non-renewable energy provisions (Datamonitor, 2011).

Alternative power generation: Southern Company has other sources of energy. For instance, it has biomass and landfill methane gas products. It is also promoting geothermal energy. This project is expected to serve the Austin city for 20 years.

Additionally, the company is testing solar energy and is studying the possibility of wind energy in the Southeast. These diverse energy sources allow Southern company to obtain stable revenues and market share (Datamonitor, 2011).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Southern Company by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Southern Company’s threats

Competition: There is expanding competition at the wholesale level. This is because of the changes in federal and regulatory policies, increased participation by old electricity providers, brokers and free power suppliers. The levels of wholesale supply and demand affect Southern Company because it has no control over them. Consequently, this can have a negative impact on the company (Datamonitor, 2011).

Regulatory requirements: Southern Company faces several federal and state environmental obligations related to pollution and waste management. Abiding by these laws is costly since it has to pay for pollution control equipment and emission fess. This could affect the cash flow and income in the future (Datamonitor, 2011).

Natural disasters: Old electric supply companies have retained funds to cater for damage costs as a result of storm on distribution lines. There are also hurricanes which cause rise in costs. For instance the storms cause damage to Southern Company’s transmission and distribution lines. These calamities can also delay completion of projects that are underway (Datamonitor, 2011).

Recommendations based on SWOT

Southern company may take advantage of its strength by increasing the working capability of its generation fleets. For instance, it can increase the holding capacity that Alabama and Georgia Power have on SEGCO. This capacity can be increased to three quarters. As a result, supply will increase as well as performance.

Southern Company can also increase its hydroelectric generating stations. By the end of financial year ended December 31, 2010, there were 82 power stations generating around 42, 963 MW. If the stations are increased to 85 of them, then the capacity could rise to a minimum of 43, 963 MW (Datamonitor, 2011).

Southern Company can also put more effort in producing biomass energy. Since this project was expected to start in 2012, it is time that the company commences it in time. This is because the benefits expected (100 MW) are huge and can benefit Austin city for many years. Additionally, it should speed up its tests and studies on solar and wind energy. Given that these are potential ecofriendly energy sources, they can be less costly and more profitable to the company (Datamonitor, 2011).

The company should aim at minimizing its weaknesses by venturing in to other energy sources such as gas and nuclear instead of concentrating on electricity generation. This way it can beat competition from the other utility companies and increase its sales revenue.

Additionally, by venturing in to renewable energy, the costs associated with waste management such as hazardous waste can be reduced. It can also insure its energy production facilities against natural disasters and calamities. This way, it can pass over this responsibility to insurance firms therefore making it cheaper (Datamonitor, 2011).

Various levels and types of strategies the firm may use to maximize its competitiveness and profitability

Business level strategy is an organized set of plans and actions that a firm uses to achieve a competitive advantage by developing its main capabilities in particular product markets (Business-Level Strategy, 2011).

Cost leadership strategy: This involves a combination of actions in order to produce or supply quality and cost effective products to its consumers. For instance, Southern Company can standardize its electricity in order to ensure it is at its best position to meet consumer needs with no delay or hitches. Delivery should be prompt while the cost should be affordable for both retail and wholesale consumers. This can increase sales and profits (Business-Level Strategy, 2011).

Differentiation strategy: This is a combination of actions created by an organization to create and supply affordable products that are acceptable to customers.

Acceptability entails the value that customers receive from a firm’s products such as quality and status. Southern Company can create differentiation by building up new systems and procedures which improve the quality of electricity. For instance, venturing in to more renewable energy generation. Additionally, it can improve the quality of its products by motivating its employees (Business-Level Strategy, 2011).

Identification of market niches: This involves analyzing and identifying unsatisfied consumer needs. For instance, Southern Company can conduct market survey in order to know the areas that are lacking electricity facilities or modify the quality of the available electricity.

Recent corporate governance issues that are currently affecting the company’s decisions

Corporate governance is a means by which organizations are directed and controlled. It also involves relationships among management, the shareholders and the stakeholders. One issue being faced by Southern Company is its relationship with its subsidiaries which affects dividend payments. It relies on its subsidiaries to cater for its obligations. Since these subsidiaries are not obligated to pay for Southern Company expenses, it becomes difficult to pay shareholders’ dividends. Additionally, its relationship with its consumers is being affected since it sells to wholesalers who later sell to retailers then to consumers. This can lead to increased costs of electricity. Its relationship with the community is also at stake because of the environmental pollution from its operations.

Conclusion Southern Company is a company that concentrates on production and supply of electricity. Although it has various strengths and opportunities, it faces threats and weaknesses both internally and externally. This has made it to come up with various strategies to cater for these issues. It is also faced with forces of competition and corporate governance issues which affect its operations. However, the company has continued to thrive in the presence of these challenges and remained at the top of the industry.

References Business-Level Strategy. (2011). Retrieved from

Datamonitor. (2011). The Southern Company: Company Profile. Farringdon Road, London.

Porter, M. (2010). Strategic Management: Porter’s Five Forces. Retrieved from

Southern Company: Corporate Responsibility. (2010). Retrieved from


Happiness Meaning Essay college admission essay help

Thesis statement This essay aims to analyze Happiness, what makes happiness special to people, the meaning of it and the essence of it. This essay will pose and attempt to answer the following questions; is happiness good just for what it is? Is a happy life the same thing as meaningful life? Are all things considered good because they bring happiness? What is well being? Happiness is a state that even if shared, the experience of it may be differently perceived and interpreted by the affected individuals (Ross, par, 1.

Meaning of Happiness

Happiness is a pleasant psychological state. States of joy, satisfaction, empowerment, fulfillment and pleasure can be described as happy state. Also having a positive outlook towards life can be happiness.

Happiness can also be described as a good condition of your emotional life as a whole while also taking into account how you feel about it. Happiness can also be described as pleasure. The various definitions of happiness are supported by various theories.

There are a few theories that seek to explain the state of happiness. The emotional state theory describes happiness as an overall fine state of your emotional life also taking into account how you feel about it. Happiness is pleasure according to the utilitarian moral theory and the modern economic theory. A morally good choice is defined by promoting happiness whereas a morally wrong produces the opposite effect.

There are some objective traits of happiness that mean more to us than just happiness in its totality (Arete, par, 2. On Happiness).

The direction of happiness

Here we are asked to consider two separate lives with equal amounts of happiness with one, let’s call it life (a) constantly sliding up a gradient over a period of time to ever increasing happiness. On the other hand we have life (b); this life instead of sliding up into increasing amounts of happiness is sliding down a gradient away from it.

When asked to choose between the two most of us would choose life (a) over life (b). This simple example clearly illustrates that happiness alone is not all satisfactory for there is something other than happiness that matters to us (Arete, par, 2. On Happiness; Nozick, p.100).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Everybody wants to grow, and life (a) is a growing life where hopes of something better flourish. This is better than the Hopelessness and sense of loss experienced in life (b).

Life (a) works its way up to happiness from the bottom; in essence this means that every day of every week seems better as opposed to life (b) where every day of every week seems to get worse (Arete, par, 2. On Happiness).

Pleasure seems to play a big part in happiness and there are pleasures of the mind, emotion and body. Pleasure is something that is valued for the good feeling it brings/ felt quality, (Nozick, p. 103; Brandon, par, 2.

The experience machine

If a machine was created that could recreate ones own experiences in mind, when in the machine you would completely believe that the experiences are real. You could program the machine any way you wanted to make the experiences as realistic as possible. While in this case your life would be very good.

Would you spend the rest of your life inside the machine? Every experience would be the same as the one outside the machine. It is note worthy that such a machine would make a great toy but the reality is that no one would be willing to spend the rest of their life in a machine while missing out on the real world. Now the experience machine reveals that the feel of things does not determine the quality of life.

The reality Principle

No matter how real the experiences of the reality machine are, they are just fantasies

This therefore means that we seek not to only to feel like this and that but also want to be in a certain way. We seek to be defined by our reality (Nozick, p. 106).

We will write a custom Essay on Happiness Meaning specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lessons from the two thought experiments

From the two thought experiments it is easy to see that happiness isn’t something tangible that can be measured. In the first experiment, where two people are given happiness in equal measure, with one walking steadily away from his happiness while the other is steadily moving towards it. What matters isn’t the amount of happiness here it’s the duration of it.

Nobody wants to lose a good thing and since happiness is good it doesn’t matter how much of it you had what matters is its longevity, and from the experience machine the lesson we learn is that although we want lasting happiness, it should also be of substance. Day dreams don’t make memorable memories.

A good example of this can be taken from a good dream, when dreaming every thing you experience is as real as can be and you more often than not cant even tell if it’s a dream, on waking up most of us would rather that dream be a reality than go back to sleep and dream again.

Simply put; we love good things “happiness” and we want to stay perpetually happy, in a reality that we understand and appreciate, one not of our creation where things, experiences, can be manipulated by us and thus have no real value.

What is happiness?

Happiness is born of emotion, a feeling of positive goodness whose cause is indefinable as the cause of happiness varies among individuals.

Happiness is also an experience that triggers a pleasurable emotional response in an individual. Happiness cannot be stage managed or extracted so to speak from an individual i.e. there is no universal recipe for happiness, happiness is subjective. Seeking pleasure is a means of seeking happiness but that doesn’t necessarily mean that pleasure is happiness and the experience machine is a pleasure machine.

Is a happy life a meaningful life?

There are various definitions of happiness and as such happiness is subjective/user defined so to speak. The theories that exist and the experiments trying to show us something about ourselves all have something in common, they all show that in one way or another, happiness is very important to us. Bearing this in mind, it is safe to say that a happy life is actually a meaningful life to the person concerned.

The three forms of happiness

There are three forms of happiness. The first is where you become happy because something that you care about has happened. It doesn’t matter whether these good things are happening to us directly so the happiness it brings is not complete happiness (Nozick, p. 108). The second happiness is a general consensus about the goodness of your life at that moment (Nozick, p. 111).The third form of happiness involves happiness as regards your life in general.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Happiness Meaning by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion These theories on happiness are very well explained and with good examples that are thought provoking and practical. Happiness however is not something that can be measured by any other than the individual that experiences it. It is a good thing and that is why it is so important us.

The example of the direction of happiness where happiness is supposedly equal isn’t exactly accurate. A million dollars might mean different things to different persons and the experience and joy/happiness it brings will not be measured the same way by both persons. It is true of course that the one who worked his way to the million dollars will be more appreciative of it than the one who won it in a lottery.

In the experience machine example; it is true that most of us want to remain firmly in the scope of reality. But if practical reasons hinder the path to universal happiness then this machine would open a door for us to escape our reality and immerse ourselves in fantasy, for it is pleasure that we seek.

Works Cited Arete.Nozick on happiness, N.p., n.d. Web.

Brandon, Oto. Nozick, Happiness, and the Experience Machine. N.p., n.d. Web.

Nozick, Robert. The examined life: philosophical meditations. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989. Print.

Ross, Marin An idler’s miscellany of compendious amusements. N.P. 4th March, 2011. Web.


Climate classification Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help

The practice of gathering and classifying information regarding different climatic conditions of the world has become an important way through which effective understanding of various climatic patterns and seasons can be attained. This paper takes a critical look at the Koppen climate classification system of San Francisco city and Salt Lake City, Utah.

San Francisco Physical geographic description

San Francisco is one of the major cities in the United States with a population of about 7.5 million people (Haug 646). It is located on the West Coast and closely stretches and borders the San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The city has several Islands which surrounds.

Some of these islands include Angel Island, Almeda Island, Yebra Buena Island, treasure, and Alcatraz Islands. Besides, it has offshore uninhabited islands called the Fallaron which covers an area of 43 kilometers. In total, the city occupies an area of 600 kilometers (Haug 646).

San Francisco city can be best described by its famous landscape which has more that 50 hills. Settlements which have developed along the hilly areas have come to be named after the hills. Some of the neighborhoods include Russian Hill, pacific Heights and Nob Hill (Metcalf 444). San Francisco’s mount Davidson forms that highest hill with a height of about 282 meters. In addition, the city also has faults like Hayward and San Andreas which are areas that attract earthquake activities.

Figure 1: A figure representing the map of San Francisco


The climate in San Francisco has been described as a cool-summer Mediterranean climate (Wang and Overland 46). Studies indicate that it is characterized by dry summers and moist mild winters (Wang and Overland 46). The moderate temperatures swings mostly experienced in the city are due to the three water bodies surrounding it.

Using the Koppen climate classification, San Francisco has a climate classification which falls under the Csa and Csb categories, that is for dry summer subtropical climates. San Franciso experiences seasonal temperature variations with Koppen-Geiger system classifying them at 18-22 degrees Celsius high and 11-13 decrees Celsius low between May and October (Jin and Shepherd 682).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Seasonal changes, precipitation averages and temperature changes

In terms of seasons and temperature changes, San Francisco unlike many cities in the Mediterranean, does not experience very warm summers and relatively mild winters. Instead, its summers are mild, a factor that is attributed to regular summer fogs and onshore breeze caused by upwelling cold surface waters. Its temperatures are moderate, but during winter, they fall down to freezing points.

Its high temperature annually stands at 65.1 Fahrenheit and low at 51.4 Fahrenheit (See figure 2). Wang and Overland indicate that in a year, San Francisco has 67 rainy days and a precipitation average of 518.16. Besides, it has 105 cloudy days and 260 clear days in a year (45).

Figure 2: A climatograph showing temperature and precipitation averages for San Francisco

Climate control systems

The climate control for ocean currents in San Francisco has been set in place due to the fact that the movement of water in the Mediterranean influences climate changes (Stewart and Oke 922). In this city, ocean current control system has been set in all weather stations along the coast to check on the temperatures whether they make the city warmer or cooler.

It is important to mention that the moderate temperatures experienced at certain times in San Francisco are due to the southwest movement of ocean currents along the coast.


Mediterranean climate zones vegetation have been considered to have a close association with scrub, woodlands and forest biome (Wang and Overland 46). San Francisco has a distinct climate which allows sclerophyll shrub-lands to thrive (Metcalf 444). These are mostly referred to as chaparral in California. Its natural vegetation has been adapted to survive over long period of times. Its vegetation comprises of herbs, grasses, shrubs, fruit trees, deciduous trees and evergreen trees.

Figure 3: A figure showing a portion of San Francisco biome

We will write a custom Research Paper on Climate classification specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Salt Lake city, Utah Physical geographic description

Salt Lake City is the capital city of the state of Utah and has a population of approximately 186, 500 people. This city covers a geographical area of 285.9 square kilometers and its height above the sea level stands at 2,868 meters (Stewart and Oke 922). Salt Lake City has Grandview Peak as its highest point with 9410 feet of height and the areas near Great Salt Lake and Jordan River as the lowest points at 4210 feet.

The location of the city is towards the northeast of the Salt Lake. Its western and eastern borders are surrounded by steep Oquirrh and Wasatch mountain ranges. Marsh lands and mudflats form an extensive separation between the city and the Great Salt Lake. The outlay of the city follows a grid plan with streets running in all directions.

Figure 1: A figure showing the map of Salt Lake City, Utah

Climate and seasonal changes

The Koppen climatic classification of the Salt Lake City (koppen BSk) is that it has four seasons in a year and is characteristically semi-arid. It has snowy and cold winters, and dry and hot summers. Both winter and summer in this city are long while its fall and spring are comfortable and brief. Its wettest season is during spring and the driest is the summer.

Precipitation averages and temperature changes

Pacific storms that come in the months of October through May have been considered to be the main source of precipitation in the city (Stewart and Oke 922). Cold storms from the Pacific Ocean cause measurable snow. Sometimes, during the storms, rains that are enhanced by the Great Salt Lake lead to the development of lake-effect snow.

These along with excessive snowfalls occur about eight times in a year. Besides, the temperatures during summer vary with 56 days of 90 Fahrenheit, 23 days with 35 degrees Celsius and 5 days with 37.8 degrees Celsius. Strong temperature inversions normally occur in areas like the Great Basin where pressure is high.

Figure 2: A figure showing precipitation averages and temperature changes in Salt Lake City, Utah

Climate control systems

Climate control systems in Salt Lake City use systems like pressure cells and storm tracks. The former is used because of the high pressure experienced in areas such as the Great Basin. Storm tracks are important control systems used to monitor storms coming from the Pacific Ocean into the city.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Climate classification by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Bio-geography

The vegetation in Salt Lake City include sagebrush, creosote bush, desert spoon, prickly pear cactus, barrel cactus, suguaro cactus and yucca. This vegetation is attributed to the semi-arid characteristic of land due to the prevailing climate. Cacti are the major vegetation growing in large numbers with some portions of grasslands and prairies.

Works Cited Haug, Katherine. “Bull v. city and county of San Francisco.” The Urban Lawyer, 43.2 (2011): 646-647. Print.

Jin, Menglin, and Marshall, Shepherd. “Inclusion of urban landscape in a climate model: How can Satellite Data Help?” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 86.5 (2005): 681-689. Print.

Metcalf, Gabriel. “City for sale: The transformation of San Francisco.” Journal of the American Planning Association, 69.4 (2003): 444-445. Print.

Stewart, Iain and Timothy, Oke.”A new classification system for urban climate sites.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90.7 (2009): 922-923. Print.

Wang, Muyin and James, Overland. “Detecting arctic climate change using Koppen climate classification.” Climatic Change, 67.1 (2004): 43-62. Print.


Kundun: The Story about Religious Leader Essay (Movie Review) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Kundun is the movie which portrays many themes and raises many problems. Generally speaking, Kundun is a chronological discussion of life of Dalai Lama who was the inspirer and the religious leaders of Tibet. The whole story is the episodic description of the life of this prominent person in the life of Tibet and its people.

The movie starts with the discussion of Dalai Lama’s mother about his father, his family and his place in the world. However, the Tibetan leaders got to know about Dalai Lama who was considered to be the chosen, the special person even though he was born in the family of simple workers.

Therefore, trying to check whether Dalai Lama deserves the attitude and position many people want to assure him with, lamas administers decide to check Dalai Lama with the test to get to know whether he is really selected or not. It should be stated that the main idea of the test was to offer Dalai Lama several things and his task was to guess the properly of the previous Dalai Lama. The boy easily passes the test and he goes to Tibet.

Being too small, there are cases of fear new Dalai Lama suffers from, however, Reting tells him a story about previous Dalai Lama trying to encourage the boy. He manages and after the death of Reting Dalai Lama begins to take part in the political and religious life of the country more actively.

When the Communist China tries to impact on Tibet, Dalai Lama goes to Chairman Mao Zedong to try to settle the situation. Even though that he seems to agree on the problematic issues, it appears that Dalai Lama failed to agree with the communist leader.

After the consultation with oracle, Dalai Lama decides to go away believing that Tibet is going to live better without his impact as being a religious leader he could not refuse from his convictions, while Mao Zedong was sure that religion is evil. Being away from the native land Dalai Lama is sure to returns home some time.

Watching this movie, I was fascinated by Tibet, its culture and traditions. I suppose that having selected Dalai Lama as a character for the movie, the director wanted to show the audience customs and traditions of such great and mysterious place as Tibet. The audience is given an opportunity to see the most impressive and sacred sides of the place.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Tibet is full of mystery and customs which may never be seen by other people. However, the chance to see the hidden part of this place is the main idea of the movie. Of course, the posture of Dalai Lama is important, however, the director wanted to make sure that people would be able to understand some cultural peculiarities of Tibet through Dalai Lama.

Of course, Dalai Lama is chosen not by chance. Having selected a religious leader, the director of the movie tried to show that religion plays an important part for the citizens of Tibet. Presenting the period of time since 1937 to 1959, the film creators wanted to show Tibet and the development of the idea.

I suppose it is possible to notice that the attitude to religion has not changed. Thus, the message of the film was to show the audience what Tibet is and what place religion plays in life of Tibetan people. The director managed to reach the main purpose of the movie.

Works Cited Kundun. Prod. Barbara De Fina. New York: Touchstone Pictures. 1997. DVD.


Seven years in Tibet Essay (Movie Review) essay help online free

Table of Contents Introduction

Emotionally powerful segment and why



Works Cited

Introduction The film plays a big role in exploring one’s spirituality. This is mainly because it conveys spiritual transformation that is usually witnessed in religion. Henrich Harrer undergoes spiritual transformation as well as enlightenment in order to set a side his ego and narcissism. The protagonist abandons his pregnant wife for a mountain climbing expedition in Nanga Parbat.

However, this expedition fails. This is followed by World War II, in which Harrer is imprisoned at India’s POW camp (because he is an alien enemy). However, Harrer escapes to Tibet (Holy city of Lhasa) where he meets the young Dalai Lama who ends up transforming his life.

Unfortunately, the Chinese army invades Tibet and kills its peaceful people before signing an agreement that deny them sovereignty. At the end, he returns home a changed man after undergoing a life changing experience with Dalai Lama. This reaction paper will describe a segment of the film that was emotionally powerful as well as analyze meaning of the film (Brussat and Ann 1).

Emotionally powerful segment and why The most emotional part of this film starts when Harrer agrees to teach Dalai Lama western ways in exchange for lessons in compassion, slowing down as well as humility. This emotional segment is further stirred by the invasion of Tibet by Chinese army that kills peaceful people. Interestingly, little resistance is observed from the peacefully principled Tibetans.

These events soften Harrer’s heart as he sympathizes with the Tibetans and their reaction to invasion. Moreover, he starts to long for his unseen son and wife, after abandoning them earlier. This shows a huge transformation in his life. The segment is quite emotional because Harrer was known to be an egocentric man with focus only to himself. However, an interaction with the young Dalai Lama transforms him into a loving, sympathetic and caring person.

Analysis Harrer abandons his wife and unborn son for egocentric motives to achieve mountain climbing dreams. However, he comes back a changed man with a longing for his wife and son. Moreover, he comes back as a gentle and transformed person. This is quite strange given that such expectations were unimaginable.

Clearly, this shows that human heart can be transformed. Moreover, this can transpire in his actions. His ego and pride diminishes after an emotional as well as tragic experience in Tibet. This happens after he fails to achieve his dream of climbing Nanga Parbat of the Himalayas. From this, it can be seen that once a source of pride is taken away, one is denied the outright opportunity to pursue his/her ego. Added to this, Harrer’s imprisonment turns his situation into desperation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, when peter falls in love with Pema, he becomes lonely and longs for his family. At this state, he finds peace in his young friend Dalai Lama who teaches him the ways of peace, compassion and humility. Besides, he is astonished and sympathetic to the Tibetans who are invaded yet they are peaceful. All these events work to transform him into a peaceful man.

Conclusion Harrer is transformed into a gentle, humble and compassionate man after witnessing all the events in Tibet. His relationship with Dalai Lama is also seen to be the turning point of this transformation. However, for this to be achieved, he is first denied the source of his pride and compassion (mountain climbing and friends). It can therefore be seen that egocentric people need to be denied their source of pride to slow them down and transform them into gentle ones (Brussat and Ann 1).

Works Cited Brussat, Fredric and Ann, Mary. Spirituality and practice: Seven years in Tibet. 2009. Web. .


Web Enabled Services Case Study custom essay help: custom essay help

Introduction E-governance is the application of information and communication technologies within the government to enhance information dissemination and service delivery with the need to foster transparency, accountability and effectiveness. In this regard, the adoption of web-enabled services for citizens in Orissa would improve service delivery efficiency.

This implies that the expected form of e-governance is the government-to-citizens governance. Its introduction in Kalahandi district will demand an appropriate analysis of various citizen needs inclusive of the service providers’ demands and the efficiency generated. Considering these critical factors, web-enabled service planners should reflect on the features of an effective form of e-governance structure that meets the needs of both the government and the citizens (Garrett 2003, p.24).

The design of the website should meet high standards to demonstrate the roles specified by the planners and limit the chances of failure or operation costs. Classically, the web-enabled service should cut across the design infrastructure and reality of the services derived from it. Therefore, a planner should evaluate analytically and critically the design that has been set up before it is implemented and tested in the public domain as to derive its intended functionality.

Background The success of any web-enabled services necessitates the considerate evaluation of the necessary features of the design that optimize its efficiency after implementation. Initially, some of the crucial factors that need evaluation are the relevance of the website to the citizen’s needs, the ease and friendliness of the user-interface and availability of finance to run the website.

Having satisfactorily complied with the basic elements of the project, other crucial elements require evaluation. The core responsibility of the planner is to determine whether the relevant expertises are available. This crucial element will give him or her a clue as to whether the conduct of the design project by skilled and knowledgeable individuals has occurred (Garson 2006, p.42).

Since the whole project involves expertise effectiveness, they will determine its success during its implementation and utilization. The team will maintain and continuously access the project to ascertain that it operates as anticipated. In addition, in the event that further upgrading is required, the team will offer insight into its design structure and the possible options to adopt in order to facilitate the upgrading process.

Linkage of the case study to E-governance

The Orissa case study is related to the E-governance in that the government is intending to offer web-based services to Kalahandi district citizens. In this regard, the government’s efforts demonstrate how the adoption of the online-programmed services will improve service delivery to the citizens.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Through these measures, the E-governance importance as well as its weakness is portrayed. Nevertheless, the desired needs of e-governance will necessitate the government to take counter-measures to reduce the prevalent problems in the services.

Questions and answers

The website’s content is the major part that the planner should determine before the website design. After analyzing the citizens’ needs of the website and the government service delivery through the website, a proper judgment of the website content is crucial.

Some of the website’s key elements would include the background nature, information presentation, colors used and means of navigating from one page to another based on the information needed (Norris 2001, p. 131). The planner should select the most convenient content of the website that would enhance the users chance of deriving the services needed and government provision of the appropriate information and services.

Similarly, a planner will have to determine the capability of the web enabled service to meet any traffic intensity. Considering that the project’s development intends to meet certain specific operations, a planner should evaluate the project’s ability to handle any traffic load and provide the expected efficiency. In this regard, the implemented project should take into consideration the consistency expected from the service provider and the ability to enhance the smooth flow of information in a faster manner unlike in manual systems.

Security is another crucial element of e-governance systems. Since the system will be used to conduct crucial government’s roles to the citizens, it is essential to maintain high security standards. For the information undergoing dissemination from one point to the other, it is necessary that it remains unaltered or inaccessible to intruders (Garson 2006, p. 122).

In addition, all the information available within the system should serve the intended purposes that enhance service delivery to the citizens by the government. At times, because information is available on the cloud, it is convenient that foreign materials or systems do not enter into the system and distort its operation capability.

Ethics and other generally accepted codes of conduct are crucial elements to consider. Considering that the planner plays a critical role in the process of website design, it is compulsory for him or her to observe the computing ethics and other general codes of conduct. These forms of regulation seek to ensure adherence to all the parties’ rights involved in the design process.

We will write a custom Case Study on Web Enabled Services specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Similarly, the website undergoing development should comply with the standards of software or system development (Garrett 2003, p. 145). Having this concept in mind will guide the planner to design the website in a manner acceptable to the regulators of system development and the users.

An important design aspect is filling the gap between designing and the reality. For a planner, it is essential to ensure that the design simulates the problems that occur in reality. Since some design projects may be too complex and impractical, it is necessary for the planner to compare properly the design with real life events.

One element of design is the content of the website, which influences user flexibility. For a website to be convenient and appropriate to all users, it is essential that the content be presented in a clear and precise manner. These elements will allow users from different backgrounds to derive the government’s service efficiently (Norris 2001, p. 186).

The component of traffic intensity handling is crucial in minimizing the gap between the design and reality. One of the most crucial factors during design is the selection of a web provider that can handle and maintain traffic of any size of a geographic region with consistency and accuracy.

With this concept in mind, the design will formulate and implement a website easily powered by the service provider and all the users will easily access it. Moreover, the users will be able to obtain the government services at their own appropriate times without any restriction.

For continuous supply and availability of specialized individuals in the maintenance and upgrading of the website to meet up-to-date needs, it is essential to undertake a rigorous campaign to educate and train adequate staff.

In matters that the website may demand external service providers, the sponsor of the project will have to outsource the skills required to ensure that all the system components are operational. In addition, this form of maintenance will increase efficiency among the citizens and thus boost their loyalty and respect for the government. Therefore, the gap between the design and reality will narrow.

Since security is one of the crucial elements that require safeguarding, it is crucial for the website to remain free from any internal and external threats. Internally, the website can suffer manipulation by the users or the government representatives thus altering its objective of providing transparency and accountability.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Web Enabled Services by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The forms of threats can cause things such as the distortion of information, altering the targeted recipient of information or destruction of the whole service (Garrett 2003, p. 75). Meanwhile, externally, the website faces challenges like illegal hacking or the introduction of software that will harm the website effectiveness. Similarly, crackers can use the website to rely unimportant messages and their own self-interest information ruining the website’s effectiveness.

In order to reduce the design-reality gap, it is essential to adopt the best techniques and practices in the website development industry. These concepts outline the expected ethics and codes of conduct that require significant consideration in order to achieve the desired results in any website development project.

Concerning ethics, it defines what should be included in the website and what requires avoidance. The adoption of these measures will guarantee the designer the possibility of the website applicability and acceptance. In addition, the website would not contravene any regulation set by the governing body regarding website development (Garson 2006, p. 210).

Some of the techniques that will minimize the design-reality gaps are the adoption of up-to-date technologies in website development. Since technologies are dynamic, it is always essential to emulate the latest technology as it encompasses all the vital latest concerns.

In this regard, the adequate addressing to the technology concerns will boost the website’s significance. Similarly, the consideration of the codes of conduct during the designing period is significantly essential as it defines the boundaries as well as the crucial points that require incorporation in the website development.

In my opinion, the new website of UOS is comparably magnificent in relation to the previous one. Concerning efficiency and effectiveness, the new website has considerable diversity and can handle multiple tasks that meet a variety of users’ expectations.

Similarly, since the website addresses the needs of certain individuals within a certain geographical location, the new website will enable the customization of services and information in a precise and clear manner. Meanwhile, as the website provides high standard services with minimal time wastage, geographical movement and on-time services, the new system is a significant improvement from the old one.

Based on the diverse needs of the stakeholders, the new website is better than the previous one. Since the new system has been significantly scrutinize and tested according to the current user needs, its performance rating is much better than the previous one.

In addition, the services that it offers the citizens, as well as the government have undergone accurate synthesizing and accounting during specifications in the designing level. As a result, the new website capabilities are sophisticated and diverse boosting its advantages to the previous one.

Conclusion E-governance plays a crucial role in the delivery of services to the citizens. This can be explain by the fact that through e-governance, resources have been made easily available by the ease with which citizens can access information and use it based on the regulations requirements. Therefore, e-governance contributes significantly to the service delivery to the citizens of a country.

References Garrett, J J 2003, The elements of user experience: user-centered design for the web. American Institute of Graphic Arts, New York.

Garson, G D 2006, Public information technology and e-governance: managing the virtual state. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Raleigh, N.C.

Norris, P 2001, Digital divide: civic engagement, information poverty, and the Internet worldwide. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


Concept of Six Competencies in Organization Report scholarship essay help

Competency in an organization is the ability to maintain a coordinated deployment of resources in an attempt to achieve the organizational goals. Managerial competency refers to a set of knowledge, behavior, attributes, and skills that a manager needs to posses so as to be effective in varied positions in different organizations.

Managerial competence can be achieved through developmental experiences at work; this will enable a manger to become a successful leader and be able to address his/her personal weakness. An organization needs managers who are competent in order to effectively utilize the available human resources.

Since globalization deregulation has taken place in many areas, it is necessary for companies to restructure their management so as to be able to survive as new competitors continue to come into the business. The complexity of running a business always requires knowledge and skills, this call for every manager to be competent (Hartley 34).

Managerial competency is a way by which companies gain high performance by developing systematic and sustainable competitive advantage in a structural manner. Managerial competency incorporates organizational, economic, and behavioral concerns in a dynamic and systematic framework (Hellriegel, Jackson, Susan, and Slocum 42).

Competence based approach presents six competencies. These competencies can be used by organizations to achieve organizational goals effectively. They include; strategic action, self-management, planning and administration, global awareness, teamwork, and communication. The six competencies are developed by managers in all types of organizations (Al-Kahtani 44).

Managerial competencies are all aspects of life. In order for managerial competency to be effective, it is necessary for a company to be able to implement teamwork competency, communication competency and multicultural competency. Strategic actions must be taken in the process of planning and administration.

Competency-based approach helps managers understand and improve their management ability to foster organization growth. Competence-based management also equips learners with confidence and skills to achieve management competence in their future careers (Hellriegel et al 34).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Competence-based management blends theory and applications with innovation. For example, self-assessment helps learners to understand and develop their management potential; this leads to a more successful career later in life. For learners who wish to become better managers in their careers, the six managerial competencies are necessary in order for one to develop the necessary skills (Al-Kahtani 44).

Integrated Self-assessment helps them to analyze and develop their own management potential for the success of their future careers. Managerial competence enables learners to compare their skills with other learners or professionals. Managerial competences are implemented by managers as they address the day-to-day functions of managing and leading the company (Hartley 34).

Forcing the employees to work by threatening them with job loss or loss of personal interest short charges both employees and the organization. The best method is to analyze the job and fit the workers according to their talents; this enables organizational goals to be achieved effectively and efficiently.

Competency-based human resource management illustrates how to reformulate the human resource department. It ensures that the foundation for all human resource efforts is job competencies as opposed to job descriptions. It is necessary for human resource professionals to be able to identify the best performers from average performers and use them as the basis for human resource functions (Al-Kahtani 44).

This performance management model gives powers to excellent performers in all job categories. As a result, competency-based human resource management enhances employee satisfaction; this increases productivity significantly (Al-Kahtani 44). Competence-based management provides a variety of tools for planning, checklists, and worksheets. It also gives practical methods to help human resource professionals change from work based environment to a foundation for human resource management based on competency.

In this era of rapid communication due to the growth in technology, mangers are faced with urgent decisions to make. Companies must adopt new structures and master new skills in order to survive and compete effectively. It is evident that individual effort no longer has much effect; this is as a result of the complexity of the organization that has come with increased numbers of interpersonal interactions.

It is thus necessary for organizations to look at the option of group effort. The grouping of workers into teams has become a vital strategy in many companies. Team building is significant in an effort to build, support, and improve the effectiveness of small, informal groups at the work place. Team building improves the effectiveness of a group by focusing on: deciding on means and methods, setting goals and priorities, exploring the quality of working relationships, and analyzing how the group works (Al-Kahtani 44).

We will write a custom Report on Concept of Six Competencies in Organization specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The six competencies have their strengths and weaknesses. No single employee can have all of the six competencies as strengths. However, individuals should work hard so as to improve their skills through these competencies. Communication competency is about the types of communications carried out in an organization.

Communication competency describes how managers communicate to individuals. Team competency is about the effectiveness of team building strategy in an organization. Planning and administration competency is about how managers should plan, it focuses on the benefits of planning and administration to an organization. Self-management includes the good, ethical behaviors and moral standards.

Global awareness involves conducting research so as to be aware of what is happening around the word, it enables managers to scan the environment and notice new opportunities. It also helps managers to be able to notice the actions of a competitor. Global awareness enables managers to have an open mind about other people’s culture.

Works Cited Al-Kahtani, A. S., “Involvement of employees and their personal characteristics in Saudi construction companies”, International Journal of Commerce


Challenges within Transportation and Logistics Management and Viable Solutions to These Problems Research Paper custom essay help

Introduction Execution of Transportation and Logistics Management operations in the global market consist of many challenges that affect a firm’s ability to operate efficiently and cost effectively.

Conversely, each of these challenges possess solutions that could potentially minimize situations that could prove detrimental to a Transportation or Logistics Management firm’s ability to maintain a certain level of service at an acceptable level of cost.

These challenges and solutions can vary based off variables in the world and the firm’s ability to adjust to them.

Challenges facing transportation management Terrorism

The rise in terrorism has had impacts on nearly all forms of transportation. But maritime and air transport have been the worst hit.

The events of Tuesday 11 September 2001 are not the earliest instances of terrorism to affect transportation. During the early 19th century, Mediterranean pirates from North Africa Barber states captured merchant ships and terrorized their crews.

Ships were held in exchange for ransom. What followed has been a long protracted war pitting governments and sea pirates. In the past few decades, piracy has more than tripled in the coasts of the lawless Somalia, Nigeria and along the Malaccan straits.

Today’s pirates are not merely armed men, they are often trained fighters using state of the art weapons and speedboats and equipped with the most modern satellite phones and GPS gadgets.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Piracy today is not as simple as that of the yester years. Political agendas and ideologies are playing part making shipping a very costly endeavor.

Figure1. Shows vessel attacks in 2010

Piracy has direct economic costs on doing business. Delay in delivery of goods tops the rank. However, the costs of ransom have the highest financial implications on transportation.

In November 2010, owners of Samho Dream, a South Korean Tanker paid a total of $9.5 to Somali pirates in order to release the ship and its crew.

Figure 2.Table showing the cost of Somali piracy ransoms in the last two years

Figure 3. Cost of excess Insurance Premiums from transiting around the horn of AfricaThe cost of insurance (war risk, kidnap and ransom, cargo and hull) has increased making the cost of doing business more than triple.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Challenges within Transportation and Logistics Management and Viable Solutions to These Problems specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conversely, the price of imported good could rise by 10% in the near future.The worst hit region in the world is east Africa and especially Kenya. Cost of doing trade in this region is very high with the Kenya Shipping Council estimating that piracy by the Somali increases the cost of import by up to $9.8 million per month.

Solutions to maritime terrorismFigure 4. Macroeconomic costs to selected countries per year

The private sector has no capacity to eradicate maritime terrorism. Nations must be willing to work together and help each other eliminate this evil. Transportation agencies should consider the following measures;

Convoys: This strategy was especially applied during the World War II in North Atlantic Ocean against German U-boats. Shippers realized that their security lay in numbers if they were to survive piracy attacks. This trick is applicable but modern shippers argue that maintaining uniform speed will be costly.

Variance: shippers vary their routines as much as possible in the hope of avoiding piracy. However, merchants find that varying schedules is at times difficult as they have to strict deadlines. The best thing that the transport are doing is removing the time and date from their cruises. This information is often available all over the internet thus endangering ships.

Shifting cargo: To avoid possible piracy attacks, shippers have come up with a strategy where they change the cargo aboard to items less attractive to pirates. Such a move has been applied by banks in Nigeria which had branches in an island. The bank now maintains electronic transaction and has thwarted an otherwise challenge that almost drove it out of business.

Offensive measures: Many shippers have equipped their vessels with measures to combat pirate attacks. Some of these measures include the Long-Range Acoustic Device (LRAD). LRAD is capable of producing sirens that force terrorists whose ears are not protected to back off giving ships time to gain speed. The Inventus UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) is a state-of-the-art surveillance system that’s capable of flying for long distances over water and sends photos to a ground station. This ensures real-time aerial surveillance and has been successful in thwarting maritime attacks in several cases.

Secure-ship: This is a non-lethal electric fence that surrounds the whole ship. This special fence is supplied with a 9000-volt pulse that discourages boarding attempts.

Increased costs, familiarization of international shipping policies, and coordination of intermodal transportation assets

Modern market forces, environmental concerns, sky rocketing fuel prices, and terrorism are causing the increase in cost in transportation for the maritime, air, rail, and motor. Increased costs are transferred to consumers and this is likely to result in economic problems (Konings, Priemus


The Scientific Revolution Essay essay help free: essay help free

The Scientific Revolution reveals a history of development of science that has gradually transformed the views of people on nature and society. Traditionally, the scientific revolution dates back to the eighteenth century, the advent of the Renaissance epoch.

However, ancient Greece was the pioneer in developing science. In particular, the emergence of philosophy as a progenitor of other sciences emerged in Green has given rise to many other disciplines.

In general, scientific revolution can be presented through three historic views on science, including classical, medieval, and modern.

All these periods involve significant contradictions, frictions and challenges that contributed to the modern image of science.

The supporters of humanistic theory agree with the ideas of great influence of people on the development of science. Therefore, all the identified periods represent important historical figures that invested into the scientific progress.

Specific attention should be given to considering such great minds as Plato, the brightest representative of the Hellenic world, Augustine and Aquinas, Copernicus, Kepler, and Cicero.

The representatives of this period is distinguished by logic character of thought that is engaged intensely in deliberations such important questions as life and death, as well as by negligence of conventional virtues.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The medieval period was the hardest for the development of science because of the strict restriction imposed on developing humanitarian disciplines. The Church marked the decline of secular thought that was confined to recognizing Jesus and divine rule.

Therefore, science was highly neglected in society because of increased dominance of religious scriptures. Moreover, religion denied scientific advances because of the threat of increased attention to scientific documents and discoveries that withdraw divine doctrine.

According to Tarnas, “the resurrection Christ brought to mankind was present in the Church” and, therefore, each human being should be attached to the divine doctrines (148). Dependence on the church had created a serious obstacle science because of recognition of biblical history and knowledge only.

Spiritual authority of the church dominated significantly and required full obedience from Church members. The necessity to follow religious tradition was explained by the formalization of rules and established of strict norms in educational and social spheres.

In other words, those people who indulge into studies science were regarded as the one withdrawing divine laws.

The emergence of the Western culture has given rise to the development of new directions of scientific development that differ substantially from the doctrines and rituals previously established in the Church.

Medieval thinkers became obsessed with new options for the evolution of human civilizations. At the end of eighteen century, the era of Renaissance marked the continuation of the philosophical thought of Greek period.

We will write a custom Essay on The Scientific Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In particular, the Aristotelian natural philosophy received further progress in the advances introduced by Copernicus, the scientific thought related to heliocentric theory of astronomical model of the Solar system, as well as the position of Earth in it.

Heliocentrism opposed significantly to medieval thought about the geocentric theory of Earth system. Limited vision on science, therefore, prevented the medieval thinker to introduce new concepts and frameworks.

The period of revival of Greek philosophy dates back to the sixteenth century, which is also marked by Copernican Revolution. Further scientific progress was introduced through the work of Johannes Kepler who presented the model of elliptical orbits.

The given period is represented as the second revival of the Scientific revolution after the period of educational “darkness”.

In general, the Copernicus Revolution was both the contributor to the development of the era of Enlightenment, as well as the mark of the scientific evolution in various academic fields.

The era of Renaissance had a potent impact on the shifts in religious views on the world. At the same time, religion itself made significant contributions to the development of science and education.

In particular, classical knowledge transmission was due to the contributions made by Byzantine science that transferred their experience to the Renaissance Italy and Islamic countries. Arabic knowledge also spread over the European countries.

In fact, the Christian world has left rich heritage to the Islamic world and provided a foundation for the development of new sciences. Tarnas writes, “…classical civilization had been snuffed out in the West, its great works and ideas left to the Byzantines and later the Moslems to be preserved as in museum” (90).

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Scientific Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this respect, the religion served as a driving force to spread of scientific knowledge and experience all over the world. Interaction between Islamic and Byzantine culture also gave rise to the emergence of various discipline and formation of secular thought.

In conclusion, the Scientific Revolution is a sophisticated ongoing process that underwent several complex stages. Its beginning takes root in the Greek philosophy, faces challenges in the medieval period, and experiences rise in the era of Enlightenment.

All of these periods contributed greatly to the development of new scientific theories and concepts. Although religion reflects antagonistic vision on science, it still provided scientific world with a solid foundation for further evolution, as well as introduced basic for revival of classical thought.

Works Cited Tarnas, Richard, The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas that Have Shaped Our World View. New York: Ballantine Books, 1993 Print.


The Atlantic Slave Trade Essay (Critical Writing) essay help

Table of Contents Introduction/Thesis statement

The author’s criticism of the historiography

The evidence that the author uses to support their argument

Ways in which the chapters of the book relate to the thesis

Criticism of the author’s work



Introduction/Thesis statement Atlantic slave trade began in 1444 and it led to the massive movement of the African slaves to the western nations with the sole aim of providing cheap labor. The movement of slaves from Africa is termed as one of the major migrations to have happened in human history.

The Africans were forcefully moved to the western hemisphere and in addition, these slaves were looked down upon as inferior. The Atlantic slave trade had a significant impact on Africa as well as the United States of America.

The Africa Continent was deprived manpower whereas the United States of America was able to boost its economic growth due to the presence of cheap labor.

Due to revolution in the Dutch Republic, many citizens entered into the slave trade, which is mainly considered to have been as a result of accident rather than by design.

This paper will therefore seek to review Postma’s book: The Dutch in the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1600-1815, giving the implications and the participation of the Dutch in the transatlantic slave trade.

The author’s criticism of the historiography The author criticizes the historiography of the Dutch participation in the transatlantic slave trade by pointing out that the participation of the Dutch in this trade was not given the attention that it deserved.

The participation of the Dutch covers approximately two centuries all filled with diverse complexity ranging from the geographical dimensions to the demographic and complicated economies.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The main aim of the Author writing this book was to bring to light the participation of the Dutch in the transatlantic trade and giving it the attention it deserved.

Rawley and Behrendt in their book: The transatlantic slave trade: A history, points out that the Dutch participated in the slave trade as early as 1528 when the slaves were being transported to the Spanish colonies (2005). The author refutes this by elaborating that the transporters of these slaves were the Germans and or the Flemings who originated from Belgium.

In the light of the above, the author adds that the earliest participation of the Dutch in the transatlantic slave trade occurred in 1596 (Postma, 2009).

The evidence that the author uses to support their argument Postma (2009) points out that in the early stages of the slave trade in Africa, the main participants of the slave trade, mainly the Portuguese could send the expedition to the west coast of Africa to capture the slaves and the author points out that the number of slaves that were captured was approximately two hundred and thirty five slaves all of whom were sent to Portugal.

The author tries to justify the participation of the Dutch in the transatlantic slave trade by pointing out that in 1596, Rotterdam Skipper and Pieter Van Hagen captured approximately one hundred and thirty slaves from Africa and moved them to Middelburg, the capital of Zeeland.

This information is credible since it provides prove of the Dutch’s participation in the slave trade.

Ways in which the chapters of the book relate to the thesis Postma has organized the book in various chapters each of which relate to the transatlantic trade. In chapter one and two the author tries to explain the start of the slave trade and the causes of such trade.

We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Atlantic Slave Trade specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the three subsequent chapters, the author shifts his focus to Africa and explores the Presence of the Dutch in Africa.

In chapters six and seven the author tries to examine the conditions that made slave trade favorable for example the need for labor in the western nations as well as the presence of people from Africa who could provide the cheap labor.

In the last four chapters the author sheds light into how the slaves were housed and fed. These slaves were mistreated in the workplaces and they lived in very poor conditions. Perhaps the author points out the presence of slave have raised many morality questions in the modern times.

Some information that was provide by the author are not necessary or example his explanation on the roe of the Catholic Church in the slave trade has little significance in the thesis.

Criticism of the author’s work The events that took place during the transatlantic slave trade are clearly explained as well as the factors that led to the start of the slave trade. The participation of the Dutch in the Slave trade was due to the establishment of the large farms in the Dutch Republic that it required extensive source of labor.

The implications that the slave trade had on the western economies are explained but one of the major shortcomings of this book is its failure to elaborate on the implications that the slave trade had on the African continent.

The African continent was deprived of man power since strong men were taken away thus the labor force declined drastically. Families were also separated which resulted in psychological suffering among the family members.

Conclusion In conclusion, it is true to say that the author has contributed to the literature of the event because he gives insights into what happened during the transatlantic slave trade as well as the implications of this trade on the western economies.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Atlantic Slave Trade by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The book can form the basis for other studies since the future scholars may endeavor to learn more about the implications that this trade had, politically, economically and socially to both the African continent as well as to the western hemisphere.

The transatlantic slave trade had a major implication since it formed the basis for the continued migration of the Africans to the western hemisphere.

It is an event that is worth studying because it gives a clear picture of what really transpired during this period of slave trade.

References Postma, J. M. (2009). The Dutch in the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1600-1815. Cambridge.Cambridge University Press.

Rawley, J. A.,


Too Far Ahead of the IT Curve Case Study online essay help: online essay help

The management of Peachtree Healthcare has to determine to what extent their technologies should be standardized. They can choose a monolithic information system that will be implemented in each hospital and clinic that is currently run by Peachtree Healthcare.

Yet, they can also adopt a Service-Oriented Architecture that will enable this organization to conduct a selective standardization of their technologies and major practices. In both cases, the company will have to spend a significant amount of money, but the success of this investment cannot be fully ensured.

Thus, the management will need to determine which model best suits the needs of the organization. This is the main question that is going to be discussed.

One of the approaches that this organization can take is complete standardization of technologies and practices. This strategy can give several benefits, for example, cost savings and better time-efficiency.

Therefore, they can choose a monolithic information system which is a single set of technologies and applications that will be installed in every clinic or hospital of Peachtree Healthcare. The main advantage of this strategy is that technologies and practices will be consistent throughout the organization.

Yet, one should take into account several structural factors. Peachtree Healthcare includes trauma centers, community hospitals, teaching clinics, or rehabilitation centers. Thus, it may be difficult to develop a single information system that can fit the needs of these medical institutions.

Furthermore, as it has been noted in the case study, many procedures cannot be effectively standardized. For instance, pharmacy record keeping can be based on the best practices. Yet, one cannot say the same thing about the protocol for treating different forms of cancer.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is one of the reasons why complete standardization is not always possible. Apart from that, physicians should be able to care about the wellbeing of the patient without being limited by standards or restrictions imposed from outside.

Furthermore, the adoption of a monolith information system will necessitate the redesign of many business processes, and extra training of the staff. Apart from that, the complete redesign of the existing IT infrastructure may not be efficient.

The thing is that some of their current technologies can function quite effectively and there is no need to remove them. Finally, the management of Peachtree Healthcare should not forget that the adoption of a monolithic system will make this organization less responsive to change.

For example, hospitals can adopt business models or medical practices when they are given some degree of autonomy. Complete standardization can deprive them of this autonomy. These are the main drawbacks and benefits of this approach.

Another strategy that this organization can choose is to implement a Service-Oriented Architecture. The main benefit of these technologies is that they allow a greater degree of flexibility.

In particular, some physicians have various note-filling preferences. Some of them choose to enter the information about the patient directly into a database, while others chose to dictate these data for later transcription.

Apart from that, SOA can help this company to standardize only some elements of their IT infrastructure while allowing various hospitals and clinics select software. The main limitation is that this technology has not been widely adopted in healthcare setting.

We will write a custom Case Study on Too Far Ahead of the IT Curve specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The main limitation of this model is that SOA have not been fully tested in medical institutions. The management of Peachtree Healthcare cannot guarantee that this technology will prove efficient.

On the whole, the discussion of these issues shows that Peachtree Healthcare should adopt a Service-Oriented Architecture. As it has been said before, this framework will enable this organization to replace those parts of IT infrastructure that do not function properly.

As it has been shown in the case study, the management of Peachtree Healthcare feels insecure about the adoption of this technology because it has not been widely used in healthcare organizations. Yet, one should take into account that the adoption of SOA infrastructure is a gradual process.

The company can replace some poor-functioning components of their IT systems with SOA-built services. Provided that these changes yield good results, the company can continue their adoption of SOA information system.

Moreover, the developers of SOA information systems will be willing to suit the needs of Peachtree Healthcare.

They will even agree on lower price for their services, because they also want to win the trust of healthcare institutions. Under such circumstances, Peachtree Healthcare can receive a high-quality product at a reasonable price.

Overall, these examples show that the redesign of an IT system should be based on close analysis of organizational structure, its size, and major activities. Peachtree Healthcare would have to adopt a system that can allow the greatest degree of flexibility.

Such a goal can be achieved by using a SOA-based information system. Admittedly, this strategy can be associated with some risks, but the same thing can be said about the so-called monolith systems.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Too Far Ahead of the IT Curve by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This organization should strive for the standardization that is based on the best practices, but the management must make sure that Peachtree Healthcare remains open to new ideas, models, and practices. This result can be achieved with the help of SOA infrastructure.


psychiatry medication case study essay help online: essay help online

Select one of the cases to address in your initial post.

Be sure to address any drug interactions and point out the mechanism of how the drug may be working.
Each post will need to include a reference or article to further support your information/stance, make sure to cite all references.
Initial posts are due by the FIRST Sunday night.
Be sure to post your replies by end of the module. (at least two replies to other students)
Case 1:

JK has a 31 year history of psychotic illness. He is diagnosed with schizophrenia, disorganized type currently on clozapine but continues to threaten himself and others. He has a history of hallucinations, severe psychomotor agitation, elopement, assault on others and self-destructive behavior including swallowing razor blades and jumping from a motor-cycle. Five-years ago he murdered his friend by hammering him in the head because he thought he was a vampire. He was found mentally incompetent to stand trial and resides in the facility. He is in denial of his illness and the murder and upon provocation rapidly develops threatening behavior to himself and others.

Current medications: clozapine 300mg BID; fluvoxamine 25mg BID

Review each of the following, what would you recommend?
switch to another antipsychotic
increase clozapine dose
augment with lamotrigine
augment with risperidone
augment with a benzodiazepine
increase fluvoxamine

Case 2:

PJ is a 9 year old boy diagnosed with ADHD at age 5 and has been on both Adderall and Concerta with poor effectiveness. He has a history since age 3 of impulsivity, inattention and hyperactivity. In the past year, he has become more oppositional and disruptive in class to the point of teachers feeling he is a threat to other children and themselves. Testing suggests he is a bright child with ADHD and pediatric mania who suffers from oppositional defiant disorder but not conduct disorder; with multiple learning disabilities.

Current medications: mixed amphetamine salts 30mg qAM and 20mg at 11am

Review each of the following, what would you recommend?
augment with a mood stabilizer or lithium
add an atypical antipsychotic
increase stimulant dose
augment with guanfacine ER


Deal to Combat Piracy Nears for Australia Essay writing essay help

Table of Contents Infrastructure Critical to Exports: Report

Doubts on Euro Quick Fix: Danger Zone

Blackwood Halt Raises Querries on Tinkler Deal

Resource Tax to Fatten Mining Giants’ Bottom Line

References List

According to the Federal Attorney General, curbing online piracy involves the copyright owners, the internet service providers, and customer advocates.

Internet users who are found to make copies of movies and music will be given warnings. If they fail to adhere to the warnings, they will be sanctioned and even disconnected from internet services.

Former Attorney General, Robert McClelland, instructed the secretary, Roger Wilkins, to address the issue secretly through negotiations. The secretary opted for an industry-based solution.

He agreed to go for other options like legislation if the industry failed to comply. The talks proposing internet providers as liable have delayed thus Attorney General’s department went ahead to initiate the industry-based program.

The response was positive, and discussions are on-going to determine whether to warn or educate the abusers. The subject on costs is being negotiated, and it is expected that the ISPs will cover these costs (Colley, 2012).

Infrastructure Critical to Exports: Report The Australian government report indicates that containing expenditure and building infrastructure would benefit Australia. This will ensure the doubling of the country’s profitable freights by 2025.

The bureau of resources forecasted that the 493 million tonnes of iron ore produced annually would grow up to 1.08 billion tonnes. On the other hand, coking coal would almost double in growth from over 150 to about 300 million tonnes.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This will be achieved through an improved infrastructure as noted by BREE and Resources Minister, Martin Ferguson. Ferguson further noted that the available infrastructure would support the country up to 2017.

Thus, more infrastructures were essential. From the world economy’s approach, long term growth comes with reduction in commodity prices as projected by BREE.

The Reserve Bank reported that the reduction on commodity prices by 1.7 per cent to 9.9 per cent is attributed to reduced prices for iron and coal (Yeates, 2012).

Doubts on Euro Quick Fix: Danger Zone Recurrence of the European debt crises can lead to consequences like civil war. However, this will only be avoided if German leaders agree to entangle the Eurozone nations’ fortunes.

The effects of this may be global; however, the share markets, especially in the US, may be restored if the issue is addressed successfully by European leaders.

Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor, will have no option but to give in to measures that unite Euro nations before the year ends. The awful effects of a broken Euro currency will be felt on the economical, social and political fronts.

This will see the fall of Eurozone which is likely to go down with the German economy. The head of research at Bell Potter Securities, Peter Quinton, noted that the bailout package needs to be tripled for Eurozone to stabilize. This is necessary since the US share prices are going up (Whalley, 2012).

We will write a custom Essay on Deal to Combat Piracy Nears for Australia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Blackwood Halt Raises Querries on Tinkler Deal Blackwood Corp, a listed, coal explorer may be required to give an explanation for the 5.30 billion dollar privatization bid for Whitehaven coal.

The information provided is inadequate to explain the allocation of 28.4 million dollars meant to fund a drilling campaign. Whitehaven Coal received 5.2 million dollars from the Tinkler group.

This included support from the share holders. This was not enough, and Tinkler sought a further 17 % from Whitehaven or else the group would be forced to raise further equity and buy them out.

Tinkler privatization is likely to fail given that Whitehaven shares keep going down. This is assumed to have prompted Blackhood to request for a trading halt and ask for debt payment.

This was expected although Tinkler denied this allegation, and instead, said that the placement was still on course. He further noted that there was no relationship with Blackwood yet (Manning, 2012a).

Resource Tax to Fatten Mining Giants’ Bottom Line Analysts from Deutsch Bank reported that BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto would have to initiate mineral resource tax. This was to be done by depositing 1-3 billion dollars each in their June accounts.

This will be treated as income and will be reflected in the records of both companies. The head of Australian mining research, Paul Young, affirmed that the iron ore miners were likely to give in despite the reduced coal prices.

The mineral resource rent tax was initiated on July 1st based on the historical involvement of the miners’ investment in the mines. However, it did not tax them on earnings obtained before the investment.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Deal to Combat Piracy Nears for Australia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The tax is 30% of the earnings obtained from coal and iron ore. This excludes the capital expenditure and the annual depreciation.

The starting base is likely to be based on the book value due to the availability of previous records (Manning, 2012b).

References List Colley, A., 2012. ‘Deal to Combat Piracy Nears for Australia’, The Australian. Web.

Manning, P., 2012. ‘Blackwood halt Raises Querries on Tinker Deal’, Business Day. Web.

Manning, P., 2012. ‘Resource Tax to Fatten Mining Giants’ Bottom Line’, Business Day. Web.

Whalley, J., 2012. ‘Doubts on Euro Quick Fix: Danger Zone’, Herald Sun. Web.

Yeates, C., 2012. Infrastructure critical to Exports: Report. Web.


Religion and morality Essay (Critical Writing) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Religion and its relation to public morality

Religious principles vs. moral approaches



Introduction While discussing the question concerning the interdependence between religion and morality, some basic points on the issue must be considered. First of all, it is necessary to point out that religion and morality cannot be regarded as synonyms and therefore, should be analyzed separately.

One is to keep in mind that morality does not depend upon religion; so, for this reason, one can conclude that rightness and wrongness are not based on religious studies. People choose their own way to act, and their decision does not depend upon the God’s will.

Religion and its relation to public morality Keeping in mind a wide range of religious movements, one can probably notice that the viewpoints on religion are rather ambiguous.

For instance, some representatives of a new atheism are of the opinion that religion poisons everything. In our days, people’s faith can be regarded not only as a basis for human morality, but also as a great evil.

Thus, let’s remember “the evils perpetrated by the Spanish Inquisition and the Catholic leadership’s scandalous protection of clerical child abusers” (Gaillardetz, 2008). The case seems to prove the assumption that the modern religion is toxic to human society.

On the other hand, nobody will deny the fact that religion may shape people’s attitude to public morality. Taking into account certain religious commandments, one can notice many ties between correct moral behavior and a wide range of religious principles.

In other words, it is religiosity, which seems to be based on certain moral approaches, but not vice versa.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Religious principles vs. moral approaches Still, the issue of human morality must not be regarded within religious perspectives, because it exists independently of religion. Morality is related to certain codes of conduct, which are set by societies.

Furthermore, it is necessary to understand that different societies accept the term in their own way; it depends upon a person’s mentality what moral principles can be followed or neglected.

There is a variety of moral approaches, and some of them take the priority over others. That is to say people have a right to choose how to live, behave, etc. and their freedom of choice does not depend upon the God’s will.

There is a strong need to differentiate between morality, religion, etiquette and law. Making distinctions between the issues can give people an opportunity to interpret morality in a proper way.

Generally, it should be noted that in most cases people consider religion as a basis for morality, because some of the rules of conduct required or prohibited by faith coincide with the codes of conduct established by societies.

On the other hand, “religions may prohibit or require more than is prohibited or required by guides to behavior that are explicitly labeled as moral guides, and may allow some behavior that is prohibited by morality” (Gert, 2011).

Conclusion As far as morality can be regarded as rather contradictory phenomenon, one can probably agree with Darwin’s opinion that an objective standard of morality is absent (“Answering the New Atheism,” 2008).

We will write a custom Critical Writing on Religion and morality specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For this reason, it becomes evident that there is no sense to discuss human morality within religious perspectives. The only appropriate way to combine the issues is to consider religion and religious morality.

In other words, one can state that while religion may sometimes be the cause of evil, without religion there is no basis for religious morality.

References Answering the New Atheism. (2008). Stay catholic. Web.

Gaillardetz, R. (2008). Catholicism and the New Atheism. Web.

Gert, B. (2011). The Definition of Morality. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web.


Nok Culture’s Main Characteristic Features Report college essay help near me

Table of Contents Introduction

Material Presence





Introduction Many people tend to take art and design for granted yet it is prevalent in our everyday lives. Art is the use of imagination, an individual’s perception and expression of something special.

This can be in form of fine arts such as paintings and sculptures, visual such as television, advertisements and logos, and architecture. Design incorporates simplicity and effectiveness; it tries to solve the difficulties faced by man in the day to day life.

Factors such as cost effectiveness, materials, negatives (environmental) and function are well-thought-out by designers. Together, designers and artists play a vital role in the society.

Through their innovative pursuits, they portray a picture or a reflection of the world we live in. They help represent our culture, agriculture, social custom, beliefs and religion.

Art and design is everywhere, from our phones, laptops, pens, bottles, clothing, roads, vehicles, trains and aero-planes (Davidson, 2000).

One of the most significant pieces of art is the Nok art, a testament of the Nok culture. The Nok culture appeared in the region of West Africa in Nigeria. It describes the Nok Sculpture of northern Nigeria which date from 500BC to 200AD.

The Nok sculptures, the terracotta statues, are considered as the earliest traces of the remarkable tradition of sculpture south of Sahara. Discovery of the sculptures in 1943 indicate the use of iron, the practice of smelting for tools and forgery.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Nok sculptures varied in sizes from miniature statues to massive sculptures of kneeling, seated and standing postures, mostly of kings and priests. Depicting humans and animals, the most popular of the Nok sculptures are the terracotta heads.

The main characteristic feature of the Nok terracottas is their hollow structure. They are sculpted from clay rolls and dried by firing in open air and closed ovens. Fragmented and eroded by damage and age, some Nok heads are believed to be part of complete bodies.

Many of these sculptures were modeled individually in an additive technique; others were sculpted in the subtractive technique. This characteristic subtractive method suggests a comparable carving practice (Rupp


The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision Report essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Moving from Basel II to the Basel III- Contributing Factors

Features of Basel III

Implications of Basel III in Australia





Introduction The task of Basel Committee on Banking Supervision is to provide a forum for regulation of activities in the banking sector.

The main objectives of the committee are to promote understanding of main issues of supervision and promote development of quality methods of banking supervision (Tarullo 2008, p. 6).

The main subcommittees of Basel Committee are the Standards Implementation Group, Policy Development Group, Accounting Group and Basel Consultative Group (Scott 2005, p.16).

The committee developed accords that are used in supervising banking sector. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the factors that led to movement from Basel II to Basel III, features of Basel III and how it differs from Basel II.

Additionally, it evaluates the effects that the new accord has on the financial institutions in Australia.

Moving from Basel II to the Basel III- Contributing Factors Basel 1was the first and it determined the minimum amount of capital that financial institutions had to maintain. The purpose of this was to minimize credit risk and banks that had international operations had to maintain a minimum of 8% of capital (Gup 2005, p. 46).

Basel II was an improvement of the first accord and determined the amount that financial institutions had to set aside to cover operational and financial risks that they and the whole economy face.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Third is Basel III that gives financial institutions a period of three years to satisfy all set conditions.

Australia is among the first countries to adopt the requirements of Basel III. Basel Committee encourages countries to adopt the requirements so as to provide a better regulatory environment and reduce the vulnerability of the world’s financial system.

Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA), the Australian capital markets regulators, took a cautious and conservative approach in implementing Basel III recommendations (International Monetary Fund 2009, p.25).

APRA proposed two amendments to the draft that controlled the activities of the Australian capital markets. First, it proposed that all capital instruments to be governed by law in order to be included as Tier 1 or Tier 2 capital.

The reason for this proposal is to ensure that any conversion or write off is implemented and that implementation is done within a short time.

The second proposal was on treatment of joint arrangements. Joint operators were expected to be accounted on a proportionally consolidated method while joint ventures were to be accounted for using equity method.

Additionally, APRA made recommendations regarding implementation of the Basel III requirements. The proposals were on reporting standards, capital adequacy and the forms of reporting.

We will write a custom Report on The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It also proposed introduction of new reporting standards and fair values. Ultimately, the recommendations were implemented and the influence on the ADIs is varied.

Features of Basel III Basel III accord and the Basel II accord have many differences. This section focuses on the differences and changes that Basel Committee adopted to improve the supervision of banking sector of the world.

The minimum capital requirement that the committee expects financial institutions to maintain was retained at 8% in Basel III. However, Tier 1 minimum capital requirement according to Basel III is 6%.

This is different from Basel II that required Tier 1 capital requirement to be 4% (Choudhry 2001, p. 285). Basel 3 also has a higher quality of Tier 1 capital.

It requires a large part of the common equity and it has tightened the criteria for inclusion in Tier 1 capital.

Additionally, Basel III has increased the quality of Tier 2 capital and the inclusion criteria in Tier 2 capital have also been tightened.

Basel III also has a requirement that most capital deductions be made to Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) instead of 50% from Tier 1 and 50% from Tier 2 as it was under Basel 2.

Tier 1 capital is that which is always available freely to take up losses without making the bank wind up operations while Tier 2 absorbs losses incases when a bank winds up.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The other feature of Basel III is the introduction of Conservation Buffer which is a new measure. Conservation Buffer aims at ensuring that financial institutions maintain a buffer capital which is above the minimum capital requirement (Gregoriou 2009, p. 198).

This capital buffer is to cushion banks in cases when they make losses especially during economic and financial down turns.

Banks will thus be able to draw from this buffer during such stressful periods. However, constraints in the spread of earnings during these periods will be applied as capital ratios of the banks get nearer to the minimum requirement.

Another feature of Basel III is the introduction of a Counter-cyclical Buffer of Common Equity and national circumstances are to determine the implementation of this buffer.

The intent of this action is to facilitate the achievement of vast macro-prudential factors. This is attainable through fortification of the banking sector from excessive expansion of credits. In addition to these features, Basel III strengthens the rules used in the calculation of risk weighted assets.

It also adds minimum requirements to ensure the protection of the tax payers. These minimum requirements are to ensure that the capital that a bank has is able to absorb losses in cases when a bank’s operations become non-viable.

Implications of Basel III in Australia The implications of Basel III accord implemented in Australia are varied and are based on various circumstances.

The writing off or conversion of a regulatory instrument due to an event triggered by an issue to do with capital or non-viability has adverse effect on an ADI (Ayadi


The Types of Shoppers Classification Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

According to the classical theory of consumerism which refers the public to the middle of the 20th century, women are discussed as the target audience of different kinds of shops.

Nevertheless, today the situation is different, and men are also interested in the process of buying new things and clothes, and they often express the same attitudes to this process as women do.

The explanation to this controversial issue is in the fact that the phenomenon of consumerism is in a constant development, and it demands new victims for the progress.

However, not all the representatives of real shoppers discuss themselves as the victims of the passion for purchasing.

Although today it is possible to buy almost everything which can be made from any material, it is significant to concentrate on the process of buying the items of the clothes because now this process has a lot of similarities for women and men and also classify the shoppers according to the peculiarities of their attitude to the process of purchasing, and discuss such types as the ‘coat-hunters’, ‘shop-addicted’, and ‘brand-loving’ shoppers.

Clothes can be discussed as a specific category of shop-products, and it can even become a kind of religion for either men or women who forget about their gender differences when they are in a huge store with a lot of departments which attracts the audience with many bright lights and vivid colors.

Nevertheless, the general attitude of the consumers to these places can be quite different as well as the attitude to the particular process of shopping.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The proper analysis of the attitude of those persons who prefer to go shopping and buy different kinds of clothes is the main goal of this classification.

The first category of shoppers can be determined according to these persons’ habit to search for the definite prey.

The attitude of the ‘coat-hunters’ to the process of buying can be compared with the attitude and behaviours of real hunters who can imagine a lot of stores and their numerous departments as the wild jungle.

However, the ‘coat-hunters’ always know what type of coats is necessary for them, and they cannot be confused with the variety of the goods presented in the stores.

Moreover, they are ready to wait for days and months till this coat or hat becomes available for purchasing or even has the magic sign ‘sale’ on it. However, the scenario of the situation can be different, and the ‘coat-hunters’ have to spend a lot of periods of time waiting for the item of their dream because they really know what they need.

Men from this category are more successful than women in looking for a necessary item because they can wait longer and act rather unemotionally while being in the store without references to the other interesting objects which can attract the women’s attention and prevent them from ‘waiting’ and ‘observing’ in the jungle.

The second category of shoppers which is important to pay attention to is the ‘shop-addicted’ persons. According to the main principle of the classification, these shoppers discuss new items of the clothes as a kind of ‘drugs’ for them.

We will write a custom Essay on The Types of Shoppers specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is necessary for these people to buy much in order to satisfy their addiction, but the effect from purchasing a new portion of clothes is not long that is why it is significant for them to come back to the places where they can find new clothes.

The ‘shop-addicted’ persons do not choose the definite element of the clothes to buy, the fact of purchasing as the process is more important for them. The typical features of the ‘shop-addicted’ people can be various.

Thus, the shop assistants of all the available departments in the store are often able to recognize the ‘shop-addicted’ persons.

Moreover, this kind of addiction is common mostly for women because of their habit to use the process of purchasing as the way to overcome certain stressful situations and to change the mood.

The next category includes those persons who suffer from the more specific kind of addiction than the representatives of the second category.

The attitude of the ‘brand-loving’ persons to the process of purchasing can be comparable with the attitude of gourmands to their favourite food, but with references to such a detail that gourmands prefer definite dishes cooked by the famous chefs, and the ‘brand-loving’ shoppers prefer all the dishes cooked by all the famous chefs.

Therefore, it is extremely important for the ‘brand-loving’ people to taste a lot of them. The ‘brand-loving’ shoppers can be often met among men who want to accentuate their acquired status with many ‘significant’ details or hide their real status under the heap of these details.

‘Brand-loving’ women usually orient to their friends, and their main task is to shock the opponent with a number of brands used together rather than with the quality of the presented goods.

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Types of Shoppers by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More There are a lot of categories and principles according to which it is possible to classify shoppers.

The presented variants of categories which are the ‘coat-hunters’, ‘shop-addicted’, and ‘brand-loving’ shoppers reflect the tendencies in the modern development of the phenomena of consumerism and fashion and accentuate the combination of these concepts with references to the shoppers as the objects of the processes, but not the subjects because the representatives of the mentioned categories form their attitude predominantly according the rules of fashion, but not according to their real desires.

The difference between the categories is also in the fact that shoppers can reject or follow the impact of fashion on the process of buying.


McJournalism in the UAE Essay argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Reasons for Low Levels of McJournalism

Evidence of McJournalism in the UAE




Introduction The media has emerged as one of the most powerful forces in modern day due to the huge influence it has over the society. It is able to affect people since the reports it provides inform individuals and help them to gain new perceptions on issues going on around them.

A person’s opinion on various issues is coloured by the media since it provides the “backdrop against which we make sense of new conditions and information” (Gentz


Concept of Environmental Ethic in Society Essay best college essay help: best college essay help

Environmental ethics is a relatively new field, but it already gives rise to numerous debates among philosophers and scientists. The articles that are included in this portfolio are aimed at discussing the ways in which people should think about nature and other species.

The authors discuss a variety of approaches to this problem, for example, deontological perspective or utilitarianism. In my view, people have to accept the premise that their survival is dependent on the sustainability of environment.

Overall, it seems that in the future, environmental ethics can shape laws, and daily activities of companies or individuals, yet, at its principles have not been fully articulated.

One of the issues that are highlighted by the authors is the anthropocentrism of contemporary environmental ethics.

In other words, even people who are not indifferent of environmental problems, think about them only because they can have an impact on human life.

For instance, people can focus on such issue as water and air pollution, oil spills, or the depletion of natural resources. Yet, very little attention is paid to inherent value of environment.

This framework implies that nature has to be fully subordinate to the people. This perspective also suggests that many environmental problems can be overlooked provided that they do not directly affect the activities of people.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, the extinction of many species can be made acceptable because it does not impact people. I agree with scholars who critique this utilitarian interpretation of environmental ethics.

The thing is that ecosystem is not a set of independent elements; in most cases, they are closely interconnected. For instance, the extinction of birds or animals can eventually affect forests and even lead to deforestation of many areas.

This is why one should not look at the environment only from utilitarian perspective. The problem is that many people cannot see the inherent value of nature.

This question is not only theoretical because it can affect various human activities, for instance, animal activities or the preservation of endangered species.

The second question that these reading made think of is how one can make environmental ethics obligatory for organizations and individuals. Certainly, there can be different approaches to environmental ethics.

One can take utilitarian or deontological perspectives, but it is always possible to institutionalize the principles of environmental ethics. The problem is that some organizations only claim to care about environment, but these claims are not always backed up by their actions.

Besides, many companies are simply forces to follow the environmental regulations imposed by states. Yet, there is no internal stimulus for them to do it.

We will write a custom Essay on Concept of Environmental Ethic in Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Secondly, the articles included in the portfolio prompt individuals to reevaluate their views on nature and environmental problems. So, one has to formulate the principles that people should follow.

This is why I support the idea of environmental ethics. In view, researchers and thinkers, why try to establish its key principles, can help governments avert many problems.

This discussion shows that the key principles of environmental ethics still have to be formulated and turned into norms. Although this field of ethics is relatively new it can organizations and individuals.

Overall, the debates over these questions may not be settled in the near future. Yet, the fact that this issue is discussed by intellectuals indicates that people’s attitude toward environment can change in the future.


A Comparison of “A college application essay help: college application essay help

The essay compares the two stories, in a manner that shows that both authors have certain similarities. Both authors clearly show the influence of parenting, in inspiring their children into autonomous and independent thought.

The authors emphasize on the role of fathers in the family and especially, in the building of character in their children. The authors also show that men are sexist and stubborn.

“The story A


The Great Migration Essay best essay help

The period between 1910 and 1970 witnessed a massive movement of African-Americans from the United States’ rural south to the urban north (Spencer, 1987). Historians estimate that more than 6 million African-Americans were involved in this great exodus.

The United States’ population experienced a significant change during the Great Migration. New York and Chicago were some of the northern cities that witnessed the influx of African-Americans.

Before this migration, the population of African-Americans in these cities was only about 2 percent.

A clear demonstration of the changes caused by the Great Migration was the doubling of the number of African-Americans working in industries.

Causes Several factors contributed towards The Great Migration. First, there was a worsening racial situation in the South especially due to the Jim Crow laws. This situation brought about educational, economic and social marginalisation.

Other factors were the pursuance of employment opportunities in the rapidly expanding industrial sector in the North and better education facilities (Johnson, 2012).

Moreover, the boll weevil infestation, coupled with the plummeting world cotton prices, adversely affected a large part of the Southern cotton fields forcing sharecroppers and labourers to migrate in search of alternative means of employment (Spencer, 1987).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Considering that this was an era of war, there were numerous opportunities in the North for African-Americans. In addition, the First World War and the Immigration Act of 1924 significantly minimised the movement of European immigrants to the burgeoning industrial centres of the North (Spencer, 1987).

As a result, there were more opportunities for African-Americans in various factories due to the need for labour to meet the increasing demand for industrial goods.

The 1927 Mississippi Floods also contributed to the Great Migration as they displaced a large number of African-American farmers and labourers.

Effects Due to the massive movement of people to the North, there was a considerable increase in the demand for housing. This brought about hostility between the immigrants and the locals.

As a result, residential segregation gained favour in several cities with the motive of ensuring that blacks stayed away from the neighbourhoods that whites inhabited.

Even though the Supreme Court declared municipal residence segregation as unconstitutional, whites adopted a formal deed restriction, which bound the owners of white property in a particular neighbourhood not to sell to blacks (White, 2005).

Due to the restrictions regarding housing, several African-American neighbourhoods mushroomed in the cities. Harlem became the largest city predominantly inhabited by blacks.

We will write a custom Essay on The Great Migration specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The hostility between African-Americans and whites also presented itself in matters relating to employment. Whites, especially the working class, were afraid of the threat posed by the immigrants concerning labour.

Whites feared that African-Americans would negatively affect their pay rates and their ability to secure employment.

The whites’ tendency to protect what they considered as their territory created a racial divide that sometimes resulted in violence.

The Great Migration had a significant influence on various aspects of lives. The key areas concern language and culture due to the influx of people from different backgrounds.

As more African-Americans settled in the North, they transformed their rural lifestyle to fit into the urban culture and in the process introduced the black culture. Furthermore, the Great Migration had negative effects in the Southern states as the black population declined immensely in these states.

For example, in Mississippi and South Carolina, both of which experienced massive movements, the black population declined to about 35 percent by 1970s (Johnson, 2012).

References Johnson, D. (2012). Important Cities in Black History. Retrieved from

Spencer, R. C. (1987). The Great Migration of Afro-Americans, 1915-40, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR. Retrieved from

Not sure if you can write a paper on The Great Migration by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More White, K. (2005). Women in the Great Migration: Economic Activity of Black and White Southern-Born Female Migrants in 1920, 1940, and 1970. Social Science History, 29(3), 413-455.


Unrecognized Beauty in William Wordsworth’s Poem She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways Research Paper essay help: essay help

In his poem She dwelt among the untrodden ways, William Wordsworth speaks about the woman who played an important role in his life. The author does not clearly tell that he was in love with her, but the readers can see that she definitely produced a long-lasting impression on him.

It should be noted that She dwelt among the untrodden Ways is one of the so-called Lucy poems, dedicated to an unknown woman whose identity was never fully disclosed (Kumar, 2003, p. 229).

One of themes that Wordsworth explores is the idea that beauty can often go unrecognized by others; however, other people’s recognition is unnecessary for a person who can appreciate beauty.

The imagery of the poem, its language, and structure are the main elements that help the author to convey his meaning and feelings for Lucy.

One of the things that catch the attention of the reader is the metaphors that Wordsworth uses. For instance, he compares this woman to “a violet by a mossy stone half hidden from the eye” (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167).

In this way, the author shows that the beauty of this person could be unnoticed by many people. Yet, this image also implies that for the narrator, this woman stood out among many others because a violet definitely contrasts with mossy stones.

Yet, the readers know that this beauty was certainly recognized by the narrator because he compares her to a lonely “star” (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Again this metaphor implies that for Wordsworth Lucy represents the greatness of nature (Walz, 2007, p. 26). This is how the author emphasizes the beauty of this person, at least in his view.

Another linguistic element that is worth discussing is the use of understatements or the expressions that state something in very restraint form.

For instance, he does not simply say she died. Instead the author chooses the expression “ceased to be” (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167). Thus, the narrator shows that Lucy was a strong presence in his life, and her very existence was very important to him.

Furthermore, the speaker does not mention his sorrow and the feeling of loss. Instead he says that her death was “the difference” to him (Wordsworth, 2008, p. 167).

In this way, Wordsworth seems to suggest that his feelings for this woman and his sorrow may not be expressed with the help of words. This is one of the key ideas of this poem.

Furthermore, one should not disregard such a literary element as the structure of the poem. It can be divided into three parts or stanzas and they symbolize the development, perfection and fading of beauty and love (Kumar, 2003, p. 229).

The first stanza describes the environment in which this woman grew up. The readers can see that Lucy grew up in a very inconspicuous where very few people could appreciate her beauty.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Unrecognized Beauty in William Wordsworth’s Poem She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second stanza shows how her beauty was discovered and what it meant for the narrator, while the third passage shows the impact that the death of this woman produced on the narrator.

Overall, William Wordsworth’s poem shows that beauty often exists only in the eyes of the beholder. As a rule, it does not require acknowledgement of other people.

The author shows that Lucy deeply affected his life and creative work, even though other people did not pay much attention to her.

The main strength of this poem is that the author expressed his feelings for this woman by using very concise language and powerful imagery.

Reference List Kumar, S. (2003). A Companion to William Wordsworth. New York: Atlantic Publishers


Policies and political instruments of public action, from global to local Report (Assessment) writing essay help

Table of Contents Research Question

Study Hypothesis

Research Variables

Literature review



Research Question What influenced the conduction of this research study are matters concerning the tropical forests. There are various policies, as well as, instruments of public action evident in the issue of tropical forests both local and global.

Therefore, the research question is; what policies and political instruments of public action, from global to local. This research question is significant and worth investigating.

This is because, studies conducted in the past on the same topic have been few and, therefore, there is no much knowledge regarding the policies and political instruments of public action, from global to local.

It is due to this that the researcher of this research study decided to research on the topic to provide a deeper insight towards the matter and perhaps add up to the already existing information, in addition to, filling the gaps in the past research studies on the same topic.

Study Hypothesis The policies that can be identified as affecting the tropical forests are constructed, implemented and translated into instruments by several parties in a precise and clear manner. The evaluation, adjustments or even distortions of these policies are facilitated by the social factors.

Research Variables There are a number of relationships, which this research study is interested. However, they are abstract in nature. This implies that there the manner in which they are operationalized might not be subject to validity and the measurement given to them might not be valid too.

The measure of the makers of policies’ participation is abstract, and as such, it will require establishing estimates of the values.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Literature review The effects of instruments used in the making of tropical forest policies or even those that concerns environmental services, which according to Zhihua