Application of learning curve The essay aims at explaining the six sigma tools and techniques. Six-sigma is used in performing cost-benefit-analysis (CBA) and in quantification of important deliverables to a firm such as quality improvement, cycle time, quantity, cycle time and safety improvement. Six-sigma identifies obstacles and helps to go ahead in time, within budget limits and operational constraints (Learning curve strategy, 2009).
Learning curve Whenever an activity is in progress for the first time, workers and operating procedures are untried, hence they use a lot of time and resources.
As the activity progresses, workers become familiar with the work and processes such that less time is required. This phenomenon is the learning curve concept, which is an essential concept in profitability and efficiency of the firm. The theory has three assumptions;
The expected time of completing an activity decreases as the activity is repeated a number of times.
Additional units produced leads to a corresponding decrease in percentage of improvement.
Improvement rate is predictable over time.
“In general, there will be an increase in terms of performance such that the units produced doubles in a reduced time span after the implementation of the activity” (Learning curve strategy, 2009).
The simulation states the process used by Mario to open a Pizza store in Palm Springs in 1950. The store is inside a mall where they have a potential for profit and ability to attract customers. However, Mario is facing a challenge of unsatisfied customers. The situation was worse when clients left the Pizza store without purchasing the products due to long wait time. Mario should focus on customer retention, satisfaction, and getting new customers.
To get these changes, he needs to institute a change process that would reduce the total wait time per customer. The average wait time per customer is between seven to nine minutes and he needs to reduce this wait time. They have to provide first class service to their customers and balance their customer’s demands to get the business back to profitability.
Mario’s customers come in pairs or in fours. Optimization of peak hours, lunchtime and supper, is essential for the Pizza store. The currently peak time of 6-10:00 PM has a turnover of one table per fifty-three minutes from the progress report. The store has a capacity of 14 tables with four customers each.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The learning curve concept is of help to Mario since he has a small business. According to Learning curve strategy, “The process they undertake can use learning curve concept in a number of ways (Learning curve strategy, 2009)”.
“The concept of learning curve is from a historical observation whereby individuals who performing repetitive tasks show a considerable improvement in conduct of their job as the job are done repeatedly” (2009). In the simulation of Mario Pizza, the following performance data was available. I made a decision on whether or not to change the current serving cooks, staff and the amount of 2 person and 4 person tables to have the optimal service without cutting profits.
S/N WEEKS Number of customers for group of 2 Number of customers for group of 2 Average wait time Average queue length Profit($) 1 1-2 70 106 11.67 3.21 1054 2 3-4 71 105 6.46 2.56 1120 3 5-6 71 105 5.53 2.67 1380 4 7-8 100 140 4.93 2.88 1985 5 9-10 92 147 3.45 2.68 2081 The table shows improvement in performance rate, increase in revenue and there is customer satisfaction which makes them willing to come and spend more. The profits improved from $1054 to $2081 by the end of the process. This shows the Pizza store took the right decisions. The right number of employees and the right combination of the number of tables makes the business activities easy and hence profitable.
Presently, Mario has the best business process. However, updating the process in line with changes in technology will serve customers better and efficiently. The reason why business exists is to make profits. Several changes made in the simulation process made it successful (Learning curve strategy, 2009).
The average time from analyzing the curve dropped from 11.67 to 5.53 minutes by the end of the month. Week eight’s slope is represented by (11.67 – 3.45)/ (8-0). This means that, the average waiting time reduced by 1.0272/11.67 = 0.0088 which is approximately 0.09. This means that the learning rate is 90%
Reference Learning Curve Pricing Strategy . (2009, April 15). Web.
The Role of American Laws in Protecting Corporations From Cyber Crime Research Paper college admissions essay help
The US federal government considers cyber crime as one of the most critical threats to its security alongside terrorism (Cowley, 2012). In fact, the government considers cyber attacks a threat to the national security, which has prompted enactment of a number of laws.
Since 1985, America has established several statutes with an aim of protecting the federal and state governments, organizations and the public from effects of internal and external cyber attacks (Cowley, 2012). Companies are required to comply with certain laws in order to ensure that their computer and communications systems do not provide cyber criminals with an easy target to execute their crimes.
Although there is no single law that describes the specific way in which corporations should implement cyber security measures, a number of legislations seek to protect both the government and corporations from cyber crime. The purpose of this paper is to discuss legislations relevant to protecting corporations from cyber attacks, with a special reference to an organization dealing with management of equity fixed income property and allocation of asset funds.
In October 2012, the American government issued a warning to organizations that the country might experience a possibility of what it calls ‘cyber-Pearl Harbor’ (Cowley, 2012). It warns that foreign computer hackers are likely to let loose chaos on America’s transportation system, information systems, power grid and financial networks.
However, it considers a cyber havoc as the most probable and dangerous effect because most organizations do not have sophisticated measures to protect their intellectual property from cyber attacks.
Case study: Legislations protect a hypothetical equity and assets firm from cyber crime
The federal computer Fraud and Abuse act 1984 is the first statute in the United States of America to protect intellectual property from theft and other forms of cyber crime. The statute was originally enacted with an aim of prosecuting hackers and those attempting to hack or attack computers and information systems in financial organizations or institutions of the federal government.
Both organizations and the public sector have used this act to prosecute people who hack into their information systems. However, there are disagreements in courts over the use of the statute, which implies that the legislation is not effective for the financial institution in question to protect its intellectual property from cyber attacks (Cowley, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Being a financial institution dealing with figures and facts as its main item of trade, the company under discussion is likely to apply the Economic Espionage Act to prosecute people who attempt to hack into its information system or pose a threat to its intellectual property.
This statute states that any acts of theft, intentional receipt of trade secrets and authorized copying of information or data is a crime that punishable under the law. It aims at criminalizing theft of trade secret, which protects governments, agents and financial organizations (Fischer, 2012).
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act is a statute in the United States of America that seeks to protect the government and organizations from cyber attack by prosecuting IP theft. The statute considers theft of computer and computer systems’ identity as a crime. It seeks to protect organizations from people who fraud them of their intellectual property by illegally stealing the identity of their computers, internet servicers and other parts of the information system.
By enacting the Wiretap Act, the federal government of the US aims at protecting privacy in communications between people in and out of organizations. The act criminalizes and seeks to prosecute people and organizations that attempt to involve in certain acts such as intentional or purposeful disclosure, intercept or use the contents of any wire, electronic or oral communication use a device (Cowley, 2012).
The term device includes such objects as the computer, the internet, telephone, radio and other items of electronic communication. In addition, the act provides civil and criminal penalties for people who violate these regulations. However, it has a number of exceptions to when the violations are legal.
Electronic Communications Privacy Act considers all writings, images, data, sound, transfer signals and intelligence that are transmitted through wire, electromagnetic, radio, photooptical or phoelectronic means as a property that needs protection. The statute sets down a number of requirements for arrests and search warrants.
Stored Communications Act is the second title of the statute that seeks to protect communications held or on transit in electronic devices and channels such as the internet and computers (Fischer, 2012).
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Role of American Laws in Protecting Corporations From Cyber Crime specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 is a federal statute in the United States of America that seeks to protect companies and public institutions from unauthorized access of government or corporation electronic communications. In fact, this statute is an extension of the omnibus crime control and safe act of 1986 (Tunstall, 2011).
With respect to the above statutes, the company is obliged to comply with reporting regulations after it suffers a cyber attack or breach of its data. For instance, the SEC is involved in developing and publishing detailed guidelines that institutions need to follow when reporting events of cyber crime or breach of data.
They also need to use these guidelines when disclosing information related to these events in case the attacks are likely to cause some effect on the their data, clients, liquidity, losses, pand business operations (Cowley, 2012). According to the regulations, disclosures must have specific content and in plain English (Tunstall, 2011). However, cybercrime disclosures are alarmingly infrequent in the United States, but it is important that the company comply with these rules and regulations (Kayman
Stevie Wonder: Songs in the Key of Life. The Minor Fall, the Major Lift Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
It was 1961, and the world desperately needed their Stevie Wonder. Not that people already realized that it was Stevie’s voice that could fill the gap between the counterculture movement that was only starting to get a momentum, and the melancholy for the simpler and more heart-felt era of jazz that the 20ies and the 40ies were was growing. Blind and genial, Stevie gave the audience what they wanted, a touching child prodigy story and a bunch of even more moving songs.
Unlike one might have predicted, by the end of the 60ies and the beginning of the1970ies, the novelty of Stevie Wonder’s songs had not worn off; on the contrary, as Ribovsky remarked, “for the soul aficionado, the real sorcery of Stevie Wonder arose in and endures from the 1970ies, a decade he owned” (Ribovsky 3).
Songs in the Key of Life, Stevie Wonder’s album that was inspired by peaked higher than the sky and the title of which was “chosen as a canon and guidepost” (Ribovsky 261), is a perfect specimen of the singer’s oeuvre. With the help of the power of his singer’s and songwriter’s talent, Stevie Wonder managed to express the concern for the problems of the 1970ies,
Love’s in Need of Love Today and As
It comes as a big surprise that this is not another interpretation of I Just Called… Despite the similar beat and the same soothing melody, the song actually managed to hit the chord between a protest, a reproach and an encouragement for a change. The contrast between the soothing melody and a vision of a collapsing world is rather thought-provoking. Compared to this song, As offers a more romantic interpretation of longing for love, yet conveys the same idea.
Have a Talk with God
Making a connection to his previous message, Stevie Wonder suggests the way to right the wrongs of the world by having a talk with God. Rather naïve, yet also very touching song, it does sound a little preachy, yet for the time slot which it was intended for, it works perfectly well.
Village Ghetto Land, Isn’t She Lovely?, Black Man and Ebony Eyes
Of course, it would not be a Stevie Wonder album if it did not tell about the problem of peace from the point of the people who have been affected it most. Despite the mellow tone of the song and Wonder’s soft voice, the song actually came out as an eye-opener, shedding some light on the life of the African Americans in a typical American Black ghetto.
Even though some messages were too on-the-nose, like “Families buying dog food now”, the song is still a solid message about the key problems of the America of the 70ies. Conveying a similar idea, Ebony Eyes and Isn’t She Lovely? tell about the beauty that shines even through the mess of a ghetto, while Black Man considers the issue from a man’s perspective.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Contusion Another message about the world peace, Confusion pins down the true reasons for all the world’s major troubles, and makes it obvious that the root of all people’s problems, both personal and political, is misunderstanding. It seems that at the times when the USA was in the confrontation with the USSR and Asia, the message concerning the importance of a compromise was more than relevant.
A tribute to Duke Ellington, a famous jazz musician, Sir Duke seems to be a slight departure from the key theme of the album. In contrast to the previous songs, Sir Duke celebrates the pioneers in the American jazz music. At first sight, the song seems hardly related to the context of the entire album; in a retrospective, though, one will see that Sir Duke conveys the message that music can be the force uniting nations and solving conflicts.
While Songs in the Key of Life are great for the most part, there is one problem about them, and this problem is the target audience. Despite being rather mellow and soft, the songs are mostly intended for the adults – and not just for adults, but for the ones who actually have some kind of power to change the existing political situation for better.
However, every rule has its exception, and here is the one for the Songs in the Key of Life. Though I Wish is not technically about children or for children, it makes the grown-ups travel back in time and remember themselves as kids. Therefore, the message of peace that the entire album is shot through becomes even more powerful.
Knocks Me off My Feet
Just when people thought that for once, they will get a strong album from one of the greatest performers in the soul.pop genre period, about social and political issues and the idea of humanity shooting the entire album through, a touch clichéd, but generally good chunk of music, there comes Knocks Me Off My Feet – a love songthat seems completely out of place here.
It can be considered a part of the grand scheme of spreading love all over the world, but that seems too big a stretch. Perhaps, Stevie wanted to enthrall the audience with a kind of a personal story that any person can easily relate to, but in the context of the socially charged song of the album, this one seems a bit out of place.
When considering The Songs in the Key of Life, one will find it quite intriguing that the album is structured in a very specific way. The compositions that were supposed to come out as big hits did not come as a whole – there were quite a lot of lyrical fillers that allowed more meaningful artworks to breathe.
We will write a custom Essay on Stevie Wonder: Songs in the Key of Life. The Minor Fall, the Major Lift specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After a relaxing Knocks Me off My Feet, Pastime Paradise becomes even more meaningful and innovative. While the use of synthesizer made the song sound like a full string section, which was a great innovation at the time, the lyrics sound much like a direct reproach, which is quite unusual for Stevie’s oeuvre.
Making it clear that the 1970ies world lives in the realm of its own imaginary heaven, the singer warns that the price for this delusion is going to be very high. With Joy inside My Tears concerning the revelation of peace as a close follow-up, Pastime Paradise becomes all the more meaningful. Hence, the political situation of the 70ies shaped the album a lot (Perone).
Ngiculela – Es Una Historia – I Am Singing
One of the many questions that this song raises is why putting a Zulu word, a Spanish phrase and an English sentence, with each of three meaning completely different things. However, if diving into the song’s meaning, one will realize that this is another message about the necessity to stop fighting and become a single entity. Hence comes the title, which symbolizes the reconciliation of all nations.
If It’s Magic
With the world’s political leaders’ futile attempts at changing the situation for the better and using more peaceful means to solve the conflicts, If It’s Magic sounds like a reproach, asking people why they seek for brutal ways to confront their opponents.
Another Star and Saturn
Those two come as a whole, for they are based on the same social issue. While telling about living in a different reality, they hint at the issue of immigration, which was huge in the 60ies and 70ies.
All Day Sucker
All Day Sucker is another common call for love and peace. While offering nothing as remarkable as I am Singing, it is still a decent song.
Easy Goin’ Evening (My Mama’s Call)
The last, but definitely not the least song in the album, Easy Goin’ Evening allows to make the politically seasoned message more subtle and end the album on a light-hearted and whimsically romantic note.
Despite the fact that the present-day music industry seems to take over the original ideas of musicians and produce the processed music which is very easy to digest and which yet gives as little food for thoughts as little it says about the personality of the artist, Stevie Wonder’s legacy lives on, and the artist still manages to produce relatively solid artworks.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Stevie Wonder: Songs in the Key of Life. The Minor Fall, the Major Lift by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Though the present-day Stevie Wonder does not match the Stevie of the 1970ies – there is no I Just Called to Say I Love You there – it seems that the singer still retains the original style which was coined in 1973 as Songs in the Key of Life was released.
Managing to stay tuned into the tendencies of the modern R
Eveline James Joyce Analysis and Summary Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Summary
Summary According to Joyce, “There is no more miserable human being than one in whom nothing is habitual but indecision “(33). In this short story, James tells a tale of Eveline who happens to be an unfortunate individual.
She is depicted as an anxious young woman, scared, timid and terrified by what is happening in her life such as her fathers’ brutality and violent nature towards her, her mothers and brothers death and poverty status of her old father. Joyce showed Eveline as a frightened woman, indecisive and who is so much into her past as opposed to her future.
Eveline is thinking widely as she sits besides a window. She thinks of her family, neighbors, and how years back, they used to play in the open fields where now stand houses and other buildings. She is a nineteen-year-old woman and her mother died. Eveline is planning to escape Ireland with her boyfriend Frank.
She is a hardworking woman both at the store and at home. She takes cares of her family members, her father, and her two young siblings. She gives all her salary to the family despite the fact that her father constantly accuses her as being spendthrift (Nicole 2011).
Analysis James Joyce wrote the story of Eveline in 1914. Eveline is the title of the main character in the short story and it shows how she was affected by feminism during her life time. Joyce states that, “the feminist issues affecting Eveline are in her relationship with her boyfriend Frank, relatives, duties, obligations, and societal expectations” (20). She has embodied the importance of the ‘feminine’ in patriarchy.
She has an open opportunity to escape but she does not escape. Eventually, at the end of the story she fails to leave and sentences herself to life as a ‘housekeeper’ (Nicole 2011). She loves her father despite his violent nature against her (Vulgen 2006). She clings onto the best memories of her father, saying, “Sometimes he could be very nice (Joyce 5),” She witnessed her fathers brutality to her brothers when he would “hunt them in out of the field with his blackthorn stick (Joyce 4).”
Eveline has started feeling “herself in danger of her father’s violence (Joyce 4).” Ironically, her father has “begun to threaten her and say what he’d do to her only for her dead mother’s sake (Joyce 5)”.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The story of Eveline revolves around the theme of escape where she dreams of a new and better life but her past, which she is clinging so much to, is impeding her. She would like the kind of treatment with respect anywhere she went and when planning her future, she would like to explore life with Frank. Whenever she is in a moment of terror, she realizes that escaping is the only option to make a new home elsewhere.
She is indecisive between the decision of leaving to a new home and the idea of having to leave behind all the familiar things she never thought she would separate from such as leaving his old and sick father. According to Vulgen, “Eveline argues that she gets all she wants from her present home such as obtaining food and shelter and being in company of all those people she has known in her entire life”( 2006). However, in the end, Eveline finds that she is not able to go (Vulgen 2006).
The thought of her trying to escape in is because of the numerous challenges she has to go through. Joyce James has succeeded in portraying her as the mother figure in her home by keeping the family intact just as her mother did. Eveline’s father withholds her payment from work and is always unfair towards her, which makes Eveline desire to escape. Eveline’s difficult family life is a metaphor representing Ireland (Nicole 2011).
Eveline goes through the normal stages of life. The author of the book, Joyce, “gives us a narration of the deep-rooted poverty and pressure Evelines’ life. Her family responsibilities and issues at the height of poverty weigh heavily on the young woman; her financial difficulties are far much worse than the three boy’s narrators in the previous stories are” (2009). She finds herself in between an undesirable situation of having to take care of her siblings and her abusive father (Vulgen 2006).
The book also touches on another important theme of paralysis, which inhibits Eveline from moving forward. Eveline fails to take the all-important decision that would free her from the chains of oppression entangling her life. Joyce states, “Eveline does not want to leave Ireland and she sees her lover, Frank, as a possible source of danger, as she compares him to his violent father. Her boyfriend, Frank was pulling her closer to them and drowned her” (34).
However, her paralysis will eventually cost her. Eveline faces a very certain and miserable future which is more or less similar to her dead mother’s lonely and gloomy life. The future is uncertain to Eveline but very hopeful, she ought to embrace the future and break the chain of problems in her family.
Conclusion A closer look at Joyce’s ‘Eveline’, at a feminist angle, shows the oppression and struggle of women in the twentieth century Dublin set-up as clearly outlined in the story through the relationship of Eveline with her lover, her obligations as a young unmarried woman, societal expectations of her and most importantly, her relationship with her family.
We will write a custom Essay on Eveline James Joyce Analysis and Summary Essay specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Joyce, James. Dubliners Summary and Analysis. Web. .
Nicole, Smith. An Analysis of “Eveline”in The Dubliners. Web. .
Vulgen, Mark. A Woman of Her Time. Web.
Why Foreign Education is worth the Price Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Many students across the world, especially those from developing and emerging economies, continue to seek for educational opportunities in the developed world. International education is expensive by any standards, but cost factors alone have failed to dissuade students from seeking education in foreign countries. This brief essay purposes to demonstrate the reasons why foreign education is worth the price.
The first reason deals with the quality of education provided in home countries. Many of the college certificates offered in home countries, especially in the developing world, are not recognized in international job markets.
Students undergoing these systems of education are constricted in their opportunities for career choices due to the low quality of education, not mentioning that they are unable to secure employment outside their home countries because the certificates received from their respective home colleges cannot be recognized elsewhere.
However, most foreign-based educational institutions are recognized for offering quality education and students who have passed through these systems can be assured of getting employment anywhere across the world.
The second reason deals with the exposure students get upon travelling abroad to enroll into the foreign-based educational institutions. It is often said that students need to be exposed to a whole range of variables for them to succeed in their career life, with two of the most important variables being interpersonal socialization and cultural socialization.
International education guarantees that students develop their socialization capacities in the two fronts not only because of exposure to a diverse cultural set up in the university, but also due to constant engagement with other students from all over the world. This kind of exposure is critical in developing a future professional in any career field.
The third reason deals with scarcity of educational institutions in home countries. There exist scenarios where students have performed exemplarily well in their high school examinations only for them to be locked out of the local universities due to lack of places to accommodate them.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In such situations, it is always plausible to look elsewhere to secure quality institutions where these students will progress their education for future career endeavors. It may appear costly to enroll abroad for lack of places at the local universities, but the education received abroad will certainly pay dividends in the future.
The last reason, which is intrinsically tied to the third, deals with pursuing an educational direction that is of core interest to the student rather than going to the university for the sake of getting post-secondary education and certification.
Due to constrained resources in many home countries, especially in the developing world, qualified students are forced to undertake courses they didn’t choose in the first instance. The most revered courses, such as engineering, medicine and aviation, are considered a preserve of the very few who had managed to perform exemplarily well in their high school examinations.
Many students who also did very well but perhaps performed poorly in a single subject are forced to take courses they didn’t choose and, therefore, not of interest to their career path. In such circumstances, it is always better to look elsewhere so that you’re able to pursue a course that is not only of interest to you, but will also assist you to pursue future career opportunities in the field of your choice.
Effects of Global Warming Report best essay help: best essay help
Global warming is the perpetual increase in the temperature of the earth’s surface. Emission of greenhouse gases is said to be the major cause of this change in temperature (Houghton J 2004, p.45). While some of the effects of global warming are currently observable, other effects are projected to occur in future.
Physical destruction of vegetation is also considered to be a contributor to global warming. Vegetation is the biggest consumer of the green house gas, carbon dioxide (Houghton J 2004, p.47). There is consensus among majority environmental scientists that the effect of global warming could be destructive to all forms of life on earth. However, some scientists claim that global warming is a cyclic phenomenon.
This means that the world undergoes constant cycles of warming and cooling (Singer
Pros and Cons of Information Technology Exploratory Essay a level english language essay help
It has been a long road before the Internet came into use and many other technologies have served as stepping stones to this success. Today the “gift” of virtually holding the globe in the hands is finally here. The internet has brought with it many good things that made life more fun and meaningful. Here are some of the most evident benefits of the internet.
The internet has promoted rapid socialization. This has been achieved through the various methods of transmitting information, such as e-mails and instant messaging. A great percentage of this interaction resulted in social networking sites such as Facebook and twitter. The increased communication has led to great international understanding as a result of cultural exchange among nations.
For both large and small businesses, the internet has brought amazing resources. Today it is possible to carry out effective advertising through the internet and be sure to get many buyers, because many people turn to the internet while consider making a purchase bearing in mind that through the same avenue it is much easier to compare costs between several outlets. It is now possible to conduct business anywhere and even seal a deal that involves payment made through the internet such as Direct Wire Transfer, PayPal and MoneyBookers .
Education has also undergone great changes that have enabled knowledge to be shared instantly and across long distances. Using video conferencing technology, it is now possible to attend a lecture being conducted in another continent without travelling there physically.
The advantage is that scholars are able to share ideas and knowledge that are of world class. What is more, most universities offer online degrees. This has the benefit of convenience. There are also seminars and training forums where one can acquire free skills that will prove useful in improving the general standard of life.
These new technology is not without shortcomings. Some of the disadvantages of the improved technology include new forms of pollution that are as a result of the gadgets used to access the resource. Recent research conducted by scientists from China, America, Denmark and Australia indicated that exposure to even low radiation, such as that produced by cell phones, can lead to several types of cancers, heart deceases and impair the immune system.
A study of brain tumor and their causes has shown a relationship between this type of cancer and the use of cell phones. Studies show that those who have used cell phones for a long period of time are 5 times more likely to get cancer. Furthermore, the risk is high for those who use the phone on only one ear.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Countries like France have taken stringent measures aimed at minimizing exposure. These measures include removal of wireless network equipment near schools and other public places including libraries. In Russian, children less than 18 years are advised against using cell phones, while in Israel cellular antennae cannot be placed in residential houses. More and more people are becoming electric hypersensitive and doctors estimate that a third of all people are suffering from Electric Hypersensitivity.
Transformers normally found at the end of laptop chargers, mobile phone chargers or at the end of a printer’s power cables produce transient pollutions that can affect the normal functions of the cells affecting the immune and response system. Studies by Magda Havas, PhD from the University of Antario have shown that transients elevate diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
The best thing is to be careful and try, as much as possible, to avoid getting exposed to electromagnetic fields. This can be done through avoiding living near a Wi-Fi transmitter or by avoiding long hours of contact with gadgets, such as mobile phones and laptops.
Digitally Based Information Age Essay essay help: essay help
The twenty-first century is also referred to as the era of information or rather the digitally based information age. Availability of information has enabled people to achieve numerous goals in many spheres of life. Undoubtedly, digitally based information society affects individuals as well as communities to a great extent. The new environment has influenced people’s health and the way people treat information. It is possible to note that the digital world has negative as well as positive outcomes.
In the first place, it is necessary to consider people’s health or rather the way the digital world affects humans. The case of La Quinta School can be regarded as a bright example of the negative effects digital environment causes (Segell 88). Several teachers developed cancer while working at the school.
The principal of the school initiated an investigation that showed that “[c]umulative exposure to transients in the school increased the likelihood a teacher would develop cancer by 64%” (Segell 86). Of course, the school is not the only place where people are exposed to negative influence of technology.
People are not safe even at home. Technology has made people’s life by far easier. Nonetheless, it has also become quite hazardous. Cell phones, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and other appliances affect people’s health as they act like magnets (Segell 88). Development of serious diseases is the price people pay for their comfort.
Apart from health hazards, the new environment is associated with a number of other effects. Thus, it has already changed the way people communicate. At present, there are no borders and people disregard distances. They can communicate 24 hours a day with people from all over the world. Thus, “sending and reading e-mail is by far the single most popular use of the Internet” (qtd. in Campbell et al. 51). More so, instant messaging has become a greater hit among young people.
Thus, instead of waiting some time and sharing ideas and emotions during meetings at certain places, people now can share their ideas with the rest of the world without even meeting their ‘interlocutors’. Personal communication is sometimes optional and many people are becoming absorbed by the digital world.
There is another way the digital world affects people. The abundance of information and its availability influences people’s lives and the way societies develop. The Internet enables people to share any information and spread it easily. Thus, ideas of violence and rebel can also be disseminated among people. Governments are addressing this problem.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many states have started posing some restrictions trying to create some limits in the digital world (Campbell et al. 42). Thus, the USA, China and many other countries have imposed a number of restrictions and regulations to control information spread to certain extent.
On balance, it is possible to note that the transition from a print-oriented Industrial Age to a digitally-based Information Age is almost completed. This transition is associated with positive as well as negative outcomes. The digital world has affected the way people communicate and acquire information.
It has also a variety of impacts on people’s health. Notably, people did not understand those influences and did not know how to address certain issues. However, now people know how to diminish negative effects of the new digital environment and enjoy the comfort provided by the technology. Of course, there are still many questions to be answered but people are moving in the right direction.
Works Cited Campbell, Richard, Christopher R. Martin, and Bettina Fabos. Media and Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication. Boston, MA: IDP Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2009. Print.
Segell, Michael. “Electroshocker.” Prevention Jan. 2010: 84-95. Print.
Computer Use in Schools Argumentative Essay a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Arguments in Favor of Computers
Arguments against Computers
Introduction While computers were only invented a few decades ago, these devices have had a deep impact on almost all parts of human life. Most aspects of modern living today are influenced by these systems and more ways of utilizing computers are being devised. Computers have affected the education field and they are used in schools all over the country. The use of computers in schools has elicited varied reactions among educators.
In general, there has been disagreement regarding the usefulness of computers in the classroom. While some argue that computers are a potent learning tool, others see computers as overrated machines that may in fact have negative impacts on the learning process. This paper will argue that computers are important assets to the student and therefore, each child in every school should have access to a computer.
Arguments in Favor of Computers Research efforts by students are greatly enhanced by computers. Using computers, students are able to access the wide variety of resources available on the internet. Students no longer have to rely solely on the physical libraries for relevant research material. Accessing information using computers increases the efficiency with which students operate.
By using search engines, students can quickly identify the relevant material for their research and use it to achieve educational goals. The computer therefore enhances the quality of education by providing students with a wide array of resources.
Computers increase the collaboration efforts among students. In the traditional classroom setting, collaboration among students from different schools was hard to implement due to the physical separation between them. Using computers that have internet connectivity, students can collaborate with each other in spite of distance and hence enhance their educational experience. By holding discussions on difficult problems in class work, students can exchange ideas and arrive at solutions. These activities, which are facilitated by computers, will increase the academic outcome of individual students.
Computers can increase student interest in class since it is possible to present material in a way that increases enjoyment. Obtaining and retaining the interest of the student is a major goal of educators since high interest positively contributes to understanding. Teachers present some topics in a boring manner and this makes the students to lose interest.
Loss of interest has a negative impact on the achievement level of the students in the particular subject. Computer programs used for educational purposes are often designed to be fun and interesting since the developers want to appeal to the user and hence increase their sales. Computer use therefore helps to increase student interest in school material.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Computers make the carrying out of self-pacing exercises by students possible. The level of understanding varies from student to student with some being able to grasp information faster than others. In the traditional classroom, the teacher is unable to meet the unique needs of all students since he/she has to teach at a uniform pace. Computers make it possible for students to access information at their own pace because most applications are user driven.
The learning efficiency of the student is significantly increased by the use of computers since the student is able to make use of the learning model most suited to him/her. The personalized learning environment provided by computers also helps to build student self-confidence since the student can set his/her own pace and level of challenge.
Computers encourage exploratory learning among students who would otherwise rely primarily on the teacher for all their learning. Computers provide students with greater levels of freedom as they are able to access many educational resources both on their local machine and on the internet. In most cases, the student is able to access the material when they want to and they can follow links to additional material. This exploratory learning increases the knowledge base of the students and contributes to their academic success.
Many students regard computers are relevant tools both for school and future work life. Gaining proficiency in computers is therefore a common goal for many youth. Statistics show that students are in favor of using computers since they believe that the skills they gain by using these devices will be beneficial in their future lives. Use of computers can therefore assist in mitigating the student dropout rates in our country since students find computers relevant in their lives.
Arguments against Computers In spite of the many advantages of computers in schools, some real problems may arise from computer use by students. The autonomy given to the students might decrease productivity in class, especially if the teacher is unable to monitor the students effectively.
This is a major problem since students are likely to engage in non-educational activities using their computers during class time if they are not closely supervised. Unlike in the traditional classroom setting where the teacher can easily tell if the students are engaged in other activities while teaching is going on, it is hard to detect this when students are using computers.
This lack of accountability facilitated by computer use will degrade the learning experience of the student. This problem can be solved by installing monitoring software on each student’s computer to help the teacher to remotely observe what the student is doing.
We will write a custom Essay on Computer Use in Schools specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Computers make it easier for students to engage in academic misconduct. In classrooms where computers are being used, students can easily provide each other with solutions to problems using e-mail or chatting tools. The collaboration tools can be used by students to obtain solutions from their peers instead of trying to solve the class problems on their own.
This is a major problem since a student will not improve his/her performance if he relies on other people’s efforts. This problem can be addressed by imposing huge penalties for identical work by students. Such a move would deter students from engaging in academic misconduct.
Students can easily be overwhelmed by the vast amount of information that is accessible using the computer. When carrying out research work using the computer, students might end up finding too much information from the internet. Sorting through the information is a hard task and students may end up providing poor quality work.
Teacher input during research can help students to better utilize material from the internet. The teacher can provide the best sources and save the student from having to deal with too many irrelevant resources.
Conclusion This paper set out to argue that computer use by students is mostly beneficial and it should therefore be encouraged. To reinforce this position, the paper has discussed some of the most significant merits of computer use. The paper has noted that computers provide an element of fun, involve participants actively in the learning process and make self-pacing possible.
However, the paper has acknowledged that computers have some inherent demerits which include too much autonomy, higher risk of academic misconduct, and exposure to irrelevant material. The negative impact of these problems can be addressed therefore ensuring that computers remain beneficial to students.
“The Most Dangerous Game” Narrative Essay writing essay help
“The Most Dangerous Game” is a short story authored by Richard Connell published in 1924. It is a story about a hunter becoming the hunted. “The Most Dangerous Game” essay shall provide an analysis of the story. The main character Sanger Rainsford accompanied by his partner Whitney set out on a journey from New York to Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. The two are on a mission to hunt the Jaguar, a big cat in South America.
The play notes here that Rainsford loves hunting to the extent that he calls it the best sport in the world. In the course of their discussion over their ability to hunt wild animals, they are terrified suddenly by gunshots and screams. This occurs at night.
The scare makes Rainsford fall off their boat into the Caribbean Sea in trying to rescue his pipe. The circumstance did not allow him to swim back to the ship. He then swims to an island, which is in the direction that the yells and gunshots had come from. This island also happens to be a Ship-Trap zone. On the Island, Rainsford finds two inhabitants living in a palatial mansion. General Zaroff is the owner of the island and an astute hunter.
The second person is Zaroff’s servant, who is deaf and mute. His name is Ivan. It is surprising that after the introduction, Zaroff has heard of Rainsford from the books he has read about him hunting leopards in Tibet, China. They then have dinner together. Zaroff’s explanation follows this to Rainsford on how he got bored with killing wild animals because the adventure did not bring challenges anymore.
His adventure surprises Rainsford, who, even after persuasion, refused to join. What happens when Rainsford refuses to hunt with Zaroff? Zaroff says that he now captures sailors whose ships are wrecked; he then sends them to the forest with food, dressed in full hunting regalia and a knife. The sailors now become his target and turn to hunt and kill them. Being a determined General, he sets his limits to three days. If by the third day neither Ivan, his hunting dogs nor himself have killed the prey, he lets them go.
However, his hunting skills had never allowed an escape to occur. Rainsford turns down the offer to join the hunting of human beings. Zaroff gives him two options. To become either the next prey to be hunted or Ivan whips him to death. Rainsford chooses the former.
In “The Most Dangerous Game,” dogs and Ivan play equally significant role in the plot. This is a dangerous game pitting Rainsford on one side and Zaroff’s entire team of Ivan and the dogs on the other side. It is the use of stamina and strength with the show of intelligence. Zaroff makes sure that Rainsford gets the standard treatment of a captive, including giving him food supplies and instructions. The challenge is risky but very intriguing. Rainsford starts by hiding his hunting tactics. He climbs a tree where he is very visible.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This serves to convince Zaroff that Rainsford is easy prey and immediately turns it into the game. The next flow of events proves that Rainsford is a guru in hunting. He sets a trap made of a massive log joined to a tripwire. The first casualty is Zaroff. His shoulder is injured, sending him back to the mansion to sleep. The trap he uses here, he calls it, a Malay man catcher. Day one is done, and Rainsford knows that he has two to go.
His trap on day two killed one of Zaroff’s hounds. This is a trap he nicknames the Burmese tiger pit. The third trap, a native Ugandan knife, kills his servant Ivan. Rainsford then throws himself over the cliff and swims back to the mansion to evade Zaroff. On returning home, the presence of Rainsford in his bed curtains causes Zaroff to salute him. Rainsford refuses this and challenges him for a fight. As the “The Most Dangerous Game” narrative essay shows, he is confident that he can handle him.
Rainsford considers the hunting of human beings as cold blood murder. The general takes the challenge. The challenge affects both whoever loses the duel would be fed to the dogs, and the winner will sleep on Zaroff’s bed. Rainsford expressed that he had never slept on a better bed before. This implies that he killed Zaroff.
“The Most Dangerous Game” essay proves that reading this play, we can see the conflict between man and wild animals. This appears to be acceptable in the story. In the beginning, Rainsford and his partner proudly talk about their experiences in hunting. They are also on a hunting mission to hunt a jaguar. Furthermore, Zaroff, who also explains to Rainsford how he was a good hunter of wild animals before he sort new challenges, has featured Rainsford in books for his hunting skills as read.
Zaroff introduces the second conflict that is between men. Zaroff launches his new adventure of killing people. He uses his wealth to prove his inhuman actions. He is chasing people to kill them like wild animals. This was, in fact, the cause of his death at the ending of the play.
Parents as failed role models: A Doll’s House and Fight Club Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
A Doll’s House and Fight Club
Parents and children’s behavior
Parents and drug taking in children
Parents and sexual/immorality behaviors
Introduction As the world continues to usher in new generations, social, economic, and other demographic changes emerge. The current literature and empirical studies have focused on the significant socio-economic issues such as youth and development, women empowerment, gender parity, and empowerment of physically and mentally challenged.
According to Bempechat (43), family and youth studies, have continuously revolved around youth, children, or even teenagers with drug menace and parental responsibilities being at the centre stage.
Some researchers have argued that parental or family setting heavily influences the behavioral characteristics of individuals, while others believe acquaintances and peer group influence behaviors in children. Children behaviors and family responsiveness to the life of children has now dominated public debates, research studies, and the media as religious organizations and human rights organizations seem more worried about the issue.
Unfortunately, some parents have become failed role models in the society, which puts the future generation at risk because poorly mentored children translates to a poor and weak future generation. This essay seeks to investigate if parents have really become failed role models as shown in A Doll’s House and Fight Club.
A Doll’s House and Fight Club A close look at the story of A Doll’s House reveals pertinent issues surrounding family matters pertaining to immorality and extravagancy as demonstrated by Nora (Ibsen 10). Two important women characters stand out in this play. Nora, the wife to Torvald Helmer and Christine Linde, a childless widow, are both seen desperately squandering money from other men outside the wedlock, and thus they commit adultery through secret affairs.
Surviving through controversial loans and secretly hiding money from her husband, Nora portrays childish behaviors to a point where her husband disregards her as the mother to his children. On the other hand, Fight Club, a 1996 masterpiece novel, brings an important theme about men’s lifestyles including drinking and drug taking. The characters in the novel become careless alcohol takers and engage in fights that form fight clubs spreading their dirty behaviors across the city.
Parents and children’s behavior Human studies have significantly concluded that the environment in which human beings live is quite influential on their behavioral characteristics. This assertion explains the reasons behind changes experienced in different stages of human growth and development. In specific attention to children’s growth, family set up is a significant environment that influences children’s growth behavior.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Drawing lessons learnt from the two novels mentioned-above, the mannerism found in the parent’s dishonest and immoral affair practiced by the two women, and the behaviors found in Norton, Marla, and Tyler, children are likely to emulate their parent’s attributes (Palahniuk 10).
Since the attributes found in them form negative images in children, this consequently affects their growth behavior as well as their academic performance, which has remained paramount for the success of the children. Based on the novels, this study investigates the extent to which parents have failed at being good role models in the aspect of drug taking and sexual habits.
Parents and drug taking in children Considerable research evidence has cited parents’ social interaction with their children as the most influential factor in children’s cognitive and behavioral development (Bempechat 31). Focusing on drug taking and drug trafficking, which have become major issues in the public domain, parents play a crucial role as immediate role models that compose children’s nearest environment.
Parents are always quite aware of the dangers of consuming drugs and alcohol. However, due to their personal issues, especially socioeconomic issues that compel them into indulging into drug and substance abuse, they finally expose their children into drugs.
Westernized parents, viz. describing parents with modern culture, seems to be rapidly consuming important traditional virtues and has led to serious defection of acceptable social norms. The western culture tends to divert parents into adopting poor living habits that make them to forget their parental responsibilities, thus fostering their children according to the changes living styles.
Empirical evidences obtained from several research studies reveal that parents have become failed role models, as they form an immediate environment for growth and development of children. A study conducted by Buchanan and Corby shows a growing trend in drug abuse in the United Kingdom according to estimates drawn from the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD), which unveiled that between 250,000 and 350,000 children have at most one parent seriously doing drug (5).
Amongst the children in such households, over forty percent of them have already tested drugs, mainly due to imitating parent’s behavior. Subsequently, children continuously become accustomed to drug taking as they find personal solutions to accessing drugs.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Parents as failed role models: A Doll’s House and Fight Club specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Parents addicted to drug taking, when questioned, they tend to be antagonistic and resentful, and normally consider intervention by activists as unfair judgment towards drug taking. This aspect empowers children into continuing with drug taking and finally to older stages, most probably drug trafficking itself.
Compared to other parental social influences on children’s cognitive and social development, drug abuse is more likely to result from influence from parents. Parents in the story of the Fight Club demonstrate how they often expose their children into drug and alcohol taking, as they turn irresponsible, moving around from one club to another thus increasing their alcohol consumption (Palahniuk 7).
Research conducted by Buchanan and Corby concluded that in the western society, pleasures and leisure attribute greatly to the exposure of children towards the use of alcohol and tobacco, something which parents have continuously become used thus consequently exposing their children to drugs (1).
The drinking culture of parents revealed in the story of the Fight Club underscores the elements that increase children’s exposure to alcohol and drug taking. Either through the aggressiveness found in children or the deliberate introduction of children to alcohol is always a failure in parents as role models.
Apart from constant drinking behavior in parents found in the story of Fight Club, adults in the novel engage in serious club fighting, behavior that finds it way into the house. Writing from personal experience, the author of the Fight Club extracted his ideas primarily from his parent’s behaviors, which culminated into a divorce when he was fourteen years old.
Ardelt and Day argue that the influence of parents does not disappear completely as one enters adolescence, but successful adjustment during adolescence can depend on the degree of the available social and emotional support provided by parents or family members.
Parents’ engagement in drug doing thus remains significant to the rest of the children life by playing a substantial role in the future of children. Taking example from parental traits found in the Fight Club novel, parents have demonstrated failure in their role modeling to children.
Parents and sexual/immorality behaviors Parents have also played a significant role in determining the morality of children. As parents provide a composer to their immediate environment, moral attributes found in them consequently influence children’s behavior. Therefore, parents’ immorality and sexual behaviors lead to children engaging in early sex, thus resulting to early pregnancies eminent in the modern world. Ideally, several empirical researches have proven that problems of sexual immorality in children mostly result from single parenthood under stiff economic ties.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Parents as failed role models: A Doll’s House and Fight Club by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to research by Withers, examining the position of single mothers in fostering children reveal that single mothers “face accusation of maternal neglect, providing inadequate discipline and poor role modeling of their children” (47). In most cases, children are subject to maltreatment resulting to poor growth as parents broadly engage in sexual activities in the presence of their children. Of the reported pregnant cases involving adolescents and children, majority of them happen in single parents households.
In the light of sexual immorality,the story of A Doll’s House is a complete copy of what people can describe as parents portraying a character of failed role models.
The character portrayed by Nora and the old widow reveals that parents play an important role in the morality of their children (Ibsen 11). In their conversation with the old widow, the character of Nora stands out as extravagant and contemptuously immoral. She struggles all the way through to ensure that she obtains money from other admirers at the expense of her husband’s health as a scapegoat.
The careless attitude in Nora is likely to influence children, as a mother and the only person close to them. According to empirical studies conducted by Withers, women desperately engage in dirty behaviors including immorality at the expense of helping their families (51), something that soon manifests in children as they try to emulate their behaviors.
Ethnographic studies across social and cultural behaviors conducted on women indicate that women, being the parents with closest relationship with their children, greatly influence their social structure. “Women who engage in illegal or deviant behaviors such as prostitution or forgery” (Ardelt and Day 315), consequently influence the behaviors of either their children or fellow siblings.
Following pressure from social and economic factors, parents tend to find means of survival for their children especially those born outside the wedlock. Due to poor background and lack of proper parental nurturing, children grow up with moral behaviors taped from their parents or even from peer group pressure because of parent’s failure.
According to a study conducted by Thompson and Kelly-Vance, over 52 per cent out of students performing dismally in academics come from poor backgrounds of single parents (231). However, the rest of the students also perform dismally despite having both parents, probably with poor behaviors.
Extravagancy is probably a conduct that children tend to adopt from their parents. As demonstrated in the play, A Doll’s House, Nora finds herself in complete danger due to her extravagancy, something she has failed to teach her children. The ethos of motherhood that she should possess erodes away due to her immorality, something that she feels no shame about.
The childish behavior found in Nora completely reveals how some parents have become failed role models. According to Ardelt and Day, “in most families, parents are role models for their children and the primary agents of socialization for social attitudes and behaviors” (319).
Submissive to their parents, children find it difficult to behave differently from their parents despite the fact that they interact with different people. Behaviors found in the parents of both stories underscore parents’ irresponsibility and unanticipated role models and any imitation by the children consequently to indiscipline in children.
Conclusion Parents and their parental nurturing behaviors tend to influence their children’s characters. The two stories, viz. A Doll’s House and Fight Club are perfect examples of parents that form bad icons and inspirations, which is an eminent aspect in the current world. The extravagancy found in Nora and her immoral behaviors possibly create a bad image for their children, something that children are most likely to emulate and become accustomed to as they grow.
Sexual immorality and drug abuse are common problems that the public is facing as the number of early pregnancies, death from drug fights, and infection from sexually transmitted diseases is on the rise. Based on empirical evidence, parents form an integral part of their children’s cognitive and social development, which clearly provides evidence that poor social behaviors found in parents are likely to affect their children.
As parents consume and predispose their children to using illicit drugs as a leisurely thing, it is increasingly becoming a dangerous trend in changing and shaping the important cultural aspects in the children. Parents will only instill proper discipline in children by proving that they have good behaviors.
Therefore, if parents will not reconsider their behaviors especially while interacting with their children, drug taking and immorality in the society may further become uncontrollable in the future, as today’s children form the next society.
Works Cited Ardelt, Monika, and Laurie Day. “Parents, Siblings, and Peers: Close Social Relationships and Adolescent Deviance.” Journal of Early Adolescence 22.3 (2002): 310-349. Print.
Bempechat, Janine. “The role of parent involvement in children’s academic achievement.” The School Community Journal 2.2 (1992): 31-41. Print.
Buchanan, Julian, and Brian Corby. Problem drug use and safeguarding children: a multi agency approach, 2005. Web.
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll’s House. New York: Arc Manor LLC, 2009.
Palahniuk, Chuck. Fight Club. New York: W.W. Norton
The Junk Food’s Risks Cause and Effect Essay scholarship essay help
Junk food refers to foods that have a high content of in sugar, salt and fat. Such foods usually contain little nutrients and some lack any nutritional value. Junk food is also called fast food and many people prefer them especially in the contemporary society.
Joints dealing with fast foods such as MacDonald have recorded huge success as many people become addicted to junk food because it tastes good. However, in spite of the popularity of junk foods, they pose health risks such as diseases, depression. They also cause obesity and strain some people financially, thus a sweet bite may actually mean that people are digging their own graves using the teeth.
People who take junk food risk getting heart diseases. Junk food has high content of fat and cholesterol that leads to clogging of the heart arteries. Once the arteries are blocked a person can suffer from heart attacks that could lead to death or cause strokes.
Therefore, overindulgence fast foods such as chips may pose death risks and lifestyle diseases that are costly to treat. For example, I have an uncle who suffers from gout because of consuming roasted meat that is linked to the disease. Today he has to deal with pain in his joints and other health problems such as high blood pressure. Thus junk foods should be avoided to reduce the health risks involved.
The other problem caused by junk foods is obesity. Obesity is excessive weight gain that is normally caused by the high content of calories. The media reports that many people including children are suffering from obesity due to poor diets. Obesity leads to diseases.
I have seen obese children and adults in my neighbourhood and the children are not able to play well with the other children because they are a bit slow. Sadly, I have heard some children make fun of them and that must hurt them and affect their esteem. For example, the American First Lady Mrs. Obama campaigning against child obesity has been on the news. Therefore, junk food should be discouraged.
The brain health becomes degraded because of consuming of junk foods. The content of many junk foods is unhealthy and it may expose the brain to premature aging and shrinking. The harmful additives lead to mood swings, depression and sleep in some people. Growing children are harmed by junk foods because their IQ levels become low and they lack concentration.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, junk foods affect proper cognitive together with thinking skills. For instance, my 10 year old cousin is addicted to junk foods and his performance in class is poor. Moreover, he is very aggressive and cannot keep up with outdoor games the other cousins play because he loses his energy fast.
In addition, junk food is costly and can put a strain on individual’s budget. Eating out regularly is costly. Cooking at home can benefit them especially if they make healthy foods. Besides, individuals that eat out miss out on the opportunity to share and interact with family members during meals time.
I have a friend who never eats with the family because he prefers to eat out and when in the house orders fast food which he eats in his bedroom. Therefore, junk food not only strains the budget, but robs one of valuable time with family.
In conclusion, junk food appeals to many people because of the convenience it brings as people can buy it and consume it anywhere. However, the risks caused by overeating junk foods cannot be ignored and one has to make a decision to eat healthy and if one must take junk food do so in moderation.
I think parents should teach their children how to eat healthy foods and when they grow up they will stick with the good eating habits. Moreover, more awareness is necessarily to sensitize people about the dangers of junk foods to that they can avoid digging their graves with their teeth.
The Reasons and Justifications of the ‘Middle East’ Naming Research Paper essay help online free: essay help online free
The name ‘Middle East’ is a common name for everyone, yet it is not understood in full by most people around the world. The name ‘Middle East’ needs to be clearly defined worldwide because of the controversy that the name ‘Middle East’ evokes among the people. In fact, it is thought by some people that such name as the Middle East does not exist. Therefore, to prove the existence of the ‘Middle East’, several questions have to be answered as well as identify those who named the place, and the reasons behind its naming.
This paper is, therefore, an in-depth analysis of the ‘Middle East’, by trying to give reasons and justifications of its naming. Later in the paper, the effects of holding the name will be discussed with more emphasis on how it affects the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) states.
Several years ago, such names as “Near East” and ‘The West’ were given to the place currently known as the Middle East. Normally, geographical locations are used in defining and naming various regions. However, the naming of the Middle East has proved to be difficult even with geographical locations. Geographically, the Middle East is located in the Southwestern part of Asia and in the North Eastern side of Africa (Bilgin, 2004, p.27).
This area lies in between Europe and East Asia commonly referred to as the Far East. As such, it includes nations such as Cyprus, Gaza, Israel, Iran, Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt, Iran, and other nations in the Arabian Peninsula including Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia, along with Yemen.
This list of countries making up the ‘Middle East’ is not conclusive because different writers and historians have different thoughts regarding the number of countries to be included in that list. For instance, some have included Egypt and Libya in the Middle East nations, while others have omitted these countries.
One would wonder why there has been the cause of disagreement in the term ‘Middle East’ for such a long time. As such, most international organizations have campaigned for the acceptance of the name ‘Middle East’ given its familiarity among people. On the other hand, there are those who claim that the name of the place is purely symbolic. Hence, another name should be adopted to replace the name ‘Middle East’.
The research done indicates that nations located in the Middle East suffer from economic and social effects because of the fact that the ‘Middle East’ is associated with the Arab World, as such, all countries that are united by one name are thought to be of the Arabic culture (Essaid, 2009, p.1).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nevertheless, this is not true because there are other countries associated with the ‘Middle East’ but that are not of Arabic culture. It is interesting to note that the term is also misunderstood even by the people who are living in the region (Essaid, 2009, p.1).
Many writers and historians have tried to popularize the term ‘Middle East’ in a bid to have it globally accepted. Among numerous writers is Alfred Thayer whose article popularized ‘Middle East’ in the year 1902. His intention was strategic since most of the super power nations, such as Great Britain and the United States of America had refrained from supporting the ‘Middle East’ nations given the controversy in its name.
This impact can be evidenced even up to date. Before oil was recovered in the Middle East, the term had been used to refer to the region in the midway of the two important regions of the world. However, currently, the Middle East has been broadly redefined to include the Gulf Cooperation Council states, such as North Africa, Iraq, Iran, as well as Levant (Pappé, 2005).
This is the mostly understood and accepted definition of the term ‘Middle East’ as viewed by the western nations, political leaders, and international bodies. However, the naming of the Middle East has significantly affected the GCC nations in terms of the economic analysis. Most often than not, Middle East nations are now believed to start mingling with the Indian continent, thus, becoming an obstacle for those who want to do business with the GCC states.
It is clearly evidenced by the fact that the trade between GCC nations and Asia is far much better and beneficial than the trade with the Arab world. As such, the GCC nations can be considered as being part of the West Asia given the good relationship they have with India and China. Recent statistics shows that much of the energy used in China’s manufacturing firms originates from the GCC states (Molavi, 2011, p.1).
It can, therefore, be concluded that the name ‘Middle East’ should not be changed since it totally suits the region named. It is, nonetheless, expected that the nations located in the Middle East must be well defined, which will not only solve the controversy in the naming but it will also create an understanding of what it entails for the entire world.
Reference List Bilgin, P. (2004). Whose ‘Middle East’? Geopolitical Inventions and Practices of Security. International Relations, 18(1), 26-27.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Reasons and Justifications of the ‘Middle East’ Naming specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Essaid, A. (2009). What is the Middle East? Web.
Molavi, A. (2011). ‘Middle East’ is pulled towards Asia by economics and affinity. Web.
Pappé, I. (2005). The Modern Middle East. New York: Routledge.
The great mosque of Cordoba or Mezquita Research Paper essay help: essay help
Introduction As mentioned earlier, the Cordoba mosque, also known as Mezquita, stands tall as a representative of the medieval Islamic civilization located in Spain. It is believed that the ground breaking of the mosque began in the Sixth Century AD as a Christian Visigothic church. The Mosque was, however, completed much later, in the year 987 AD, and shared for use between the Muslims and the Christians.
Beginning 784 AD, an Islamist prince called Abd ar-Rahman, acquired the structure from the Christian fraternity and began refurbishing it as a Muslim worship centre. The mosque underwent a lot of ”structural changes and interior design repair” (Savory 1976). This was meant to fit the mosque into the “Islamic design”. The purchase of the cathedral by the Muslims also meant that it would be refurbished to “rid it of the “Christian characteristics”(Ching and Prakash 2011).
The magnificent building is outstanding with the huge arches and numerous columns that exceed 1,000 in number (Savory 1976). The columns consist of various valuable stones such as Jasper, Onyx and marble that have been artistically modelled to provide the artistic countenance that the mosque has.
The mosque had a turbulent moment in the year 1236 when it was captured from the moors and used again by the Christian fraternity by King Ferdinand three. The proceeding kings that followed later redesigned the mosque according to the Christian beliefs and design (Ching and Prakash).
Initial design During the re-designation period of the mosque, the most outstanding and notable reconstruction activity involved the construction of the Reconnaissance cathedral in the middle of the structure, courtesy of a Spanish king Carlos who was a Christian by then (Savory 1976).
The Mezquita, or the Cordoba, mosque had different measurement during the initial construction. In terms of the area, it measured a total of 73m square. Out of this area, half was a forecourt (Trachterberg 2002). Later, during the reconstruction periods, there was a need to enlarge the total area and this led to the addition of an extra 65 square miles making the total area to stand at 138 square miles.
During the first construction, the worshipping hall increased two folds at the end of the 9th century and the length widened to a total length of approximately 138m. Proceeding kings that followed later redesigned the mosque according to the Christian beliefs and design (Trachterberg 2002).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Design Structure of the Mosque Arches
The arches, throughout the structure, have a common shape that is referred to as “the horse shoe form” (Savory 1976). This style is described as being very predominant with the architectural design of the Visigoths, i.e. the inhabitants of the area where the mosque is situated before the arrival of the Islamic population called the Umyyads from North Africa (Ching and Prakash).
The horse shoe form was assumed to be very strong and durable by the medieval architectures other than the fact that they offered very flowery aesthetic finishing, when used in various structures and buildings, all the arches within the cathedral are oriented towards the horse shoe design template borrowed from the Visigoths.
The dome is located right above the mihrab or the maqrub. It depicts a large structure, of course dome shaped as the name suggests, but carries with itself numerous artistic drawings and calligraphy on the inside. The dome was constructed through an act of crisscrossing those components that form the pointed arches in the building. In the mosque, they are largely decorated in pure gold in a more or less radial and regular pattern (Ching and Prakash).
The dome was constructed during the construction of the cathedral and historians argue that during the construction of this dome, a total number of sixteen columns were demolished and ejected from the main prayer hall to allow a space for the erection of both the cathedral and the dome.
Simultaneously, the cathedral construction was purely based on the early Christian architectural designs. One can easily feel and see the outstanding cocktail of both Christian and Islamic designs standing side by side to depict the history of civilisation of these two contrasting yet marvellous designs.
It is important to note the structure of the double arches that have been used in the building. These greatly assist in the support of the immense weight that the ceilings high above insert on the columns and further prevents the roof from falling off. These arches were conveniently designed with a lower horse shoe arch and an upper semi-circular arch whose role is to offer adequate base for the support of these arches (Ching and Prakash 2011).
The arches along the passages of the mosque consist of several layered segments that run in lines which consist of red bricks and white stones piled in an alternating manner, thus, creating a spectacular pattern of stripes along the arcade, the space is large enough to permit visibility across the arcade (Ching and Prakash 2011).
We will write a custom Research Paper on The great mosque of Cordoba or Mezquita specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More General Dimension
The Mosque is approximated to measure a total of six hundred and twenty feet ft in length across the North-South orientation (Trachterberg 2002). In terms of the breadth, from the West to the East cardinal points, the mosque measures a total length of four hundred and forty feet. The shape of the mosque is considered to be rectangular inferring that it has four sides and four angles in general. Historians have always argued that the mosque initially had a total of twenty one doors when it was originally constructed. However, the number has so far reduced to only five following various reconstruction procedures by the Christians when they took it over from the Muslims.
Two hundred and ten feet out of the total length from South to North, a court was effectively erected and a modern gate installed for accessory purpose. Nineteen aisles that measure three hundred and fifty feet in length by fourteen in breadth ran parallel from the Northern portion to the Southern end through the interior building that forms the central structure (Ching and Prakash 2011). The aisles have a large number of columns with a spectacular arrangement
Elevation of the Mosque
Each of the four fronts of the structure presents a perfectly designed wall that is crowned with crenulations all through. There is a varying difference between each of these fronts in terms of their heights and decorations. Each arch presents a beautiful and well curve horse shoe form that effectively makes a reference of the widely used Moorish architecture through which the whole building is set upon
Interior Design Columns
The columns in the mosque presently stand at a total of eight hundred and fifty and are made out of granite and jasper together with other precious rocks. Columns display myriad splendid colours. The unique scenery formed by this creativity has been described as “majestic” by some historians (Ching and Prakash 2011).
These columns have an equivalent length which stands at nine feet from the base. The shaft too, of the existing columns, reflects equivalency in terms of the size and measures approximately seventeen inches in terms of the diameter. The Chapiters on the other hand, support the arches that emanate from one column to the other where they perfectly form a horse shoe form (Ching and Prakash 2011).
The beams of the mosque are extremely huge in diameter for the sole reason of offering support to the structure. The beams are numerous in number and the cross beams have been well decorated with paint to provide the aesthetic magnificent sight they possess (Ching and Prakash 2011).
One of the most stunning features of the mosque is the maqsura or rather the prayer space for the ruler (Trachterberg 2002). This space was specifically preserved for the King. It was personally commissioned by the caliph himself in the 12th century.
The space is separated from the rest of the prayer section by alternating arcades that possess several lobes that offer a distinctive horse shoe form. It was then decorated using marble that were well curved together with various other precious stones like the stucco and the mosaics too (Ching and Prakash 2011)
Not sure if you can write a paper on The great mosque of Cordoba or Mezquita by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Mihrab
The interior portion of the mosque is the house of the Maqsura which is, perhaps, one of the landmark features in any Islamic worshiping centre. The Mihrab refers to a designated area on the wall of a mosque that is used to depict the direction Makka, the holy city of Islam (Trachterberg 2002). By the use of a horse shoe form arch, the architecture adorned the Mihrab in the mosque using some of the most precious gems and metals.
The mihrabb is encapsulated it in a more or less rectangular frame that house numerous verses that have been keenly selected from the Muslim holy book of Koran. The writings used are indeed very artistic and clearly pointing out to the origin and development of the Islamic calligraphy. One can never miss the great manifest of the Islamic art at every point of the building either within the structure, or outside the structure (Trachterberg 2002).
The choir loft in the cathedral is coated with wood carvings that offer it a magnificent finish. The space around the loft has overleaped ceilings together with large domes that rise above the main altar. There exists an open and easy to see difference between the chapels of the cathedral and the normal conventional chapels. The cathedral chapels are not situated around the major cathedral area but rather, the chapels occupy the area around the primary cathedral area (Trachterberg 2002).
There has been a raging debate though on the reason as to why the mihrab is not facing Makka, the Islamic holy city,yet, conventionally, all the mosques belonging to the Muslim worshippers have erected the mihrab facing Makka. Now, various historians have put forth their arguments on the same but the most agreeable version is that the initial inhabitants of the structure were not Muslims and during the construction of the structure, there were no intentions of using it as a mosque in the future.
This argument is very valid and easily accepted since the presence of any Muslim during the construction would have led to the proper orientation of the Mihrab towards their holy city, Mekka. All in all, it is a popular version of the story that the Muslims acquired the structure after its full construction but yet did a few modifications to fit it into the Muslim definition of a “worship place”
The hypostyle hall
This is the most spacious area within the Mosque (Ching and Prakash 2011). The hall is essentially filled with numerous columns that support the huge roof above it. It is called the hypostyle hall to refer to the large number of columns that stand regularly arranged around the hall (Ching and Prakash 2011).
This large and expansive prayer hall appears unusually very wide due to the mirage formed by the presence of repeated geometry, an aspect of gothic design that was essentially meant for decorative purpose and also to instil support in different structures.
The repeated geometry has been widely applied in the decoration of the prayer hall. The hall is believed to have been constructed using refurbished columns that were excavated from the Roman structures (Ching and Prakash 2011). The columns are modified into a combination of two symmetrical horse shoe form arches that are formed from red brick and the stones. This distinct the arches out as well decorated and adorned to radiate immense beauty and magnificence.
The roofing of the structure was skilfully done to accommodate the large columns of the structure (Trachterberg 2002). The roof is artistically done using selected species of cedar together with pine wood. These are some of the strongest species of timber known and are conceived to remain unaffected by seasons or insects for the longest time possible. The timber is “sandwiched” with lead in a fine precision that brings out the artistry applied.
Exterior view The external walls are fortified with utmost ingenuity depicting the strength of the structure. The walls are intermittently supported by buttresses which make it appear like a legion of towers (Trachterberg 2002).
Below the bell tower, lies a courtyard with orange trees together with a fountain that is specifically used for lavation purposes.
The cathedral is located right in the middle of the mosque. This cathedral was constructed after the Christians acquired the structure from the Muslim believers during the reign of king Carlos of Spain. It is postulated that the cathedral must have been constructed in the sixteenth century. To the left hand side of this cathedral lies the Capilla de Villacios building that was constructed by the Moorish craftsmen earlier by King Alfonso.
The Cathedral boasts of a gothic architectural style that was introduced by an archictect Hernan Ruiz who worked on the structure transforming it into a gothic design which essentially refers to an architectural design of the medieval era.
The bell tower
The bell tower is perhaps the longest structure in the whole building. It was never part of the original building when it was still inhabited by the Muslims. However, during the reign of King Carlos and the restructuring period, the Architects designed a long tower for the purpose of erecting the bell.
The tower is approximated to be ninety three metres in height and is constructed together with winding stairs that leads up to the top. The bell tower is referred to as the Torre de Alminar. From the bell tower, it is possible to have a view of the whole mosque aerially.
The mosque has a total tally of three gates that are all designed using different architectural designs for accessory purposes.
Conclusion The mosque describes the artistry and displays some of the characteristics of Islamic civilisation. The design represents one of the last remaining representatives of the Moorish architecture. The paper has sought to highlight the outstanding features of this design and relate it to Islamic civilisation (Trachterberg 2002).
The antique appearance of the structure has helped to unfold various historical issues in as far as the ancient civilisation is concerned. The structure has, in itself, revealed numerous historical facts and phenomenon that has opened up debate for critical study of the architecture of the prehistoric era, it is my submission therefore that this paper has adequately helped tie the ends by exploring these historical phenomena
The mosque has had a fair share of its challenges since the Christians took over from the Muslim users. A number of violent episodes have been witnessed where some radical Islamic groups has invariantly attacked and injured several other Christian worshippers in their demand to repossess the mosque, or worship in turns with the Christians.
The Spanish Muslims have been lobbying the Spanish Catholics to allow them use the cathedral, however, this has been severally rejected by the Vatican city and the Spanish Catholic administrators. This was followed by violence by a few Muslim tourists who assaulted the guards at the cathedral.
References Ching, Frank, Mark Jarzombek, and Prakash Vikramaditya. A global history of architecture. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2011. Print.
Savory, Roger. Introduction to Islamic civilisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976. Print.
Trachtenberg, Arvin, Hyman. Architecture: From Prehistory to Post modernity, 2nd edition, Pearson; 2002. Print.
Patient privacy, Confidentiality (HIPAA) Essay best college essay help
Violating laws meant to ensure that patients’ information is not disclosed to the wider public is a very serious matter. This is because patients’ health information is very delicate and should be handled with utmost discretion. Ethical values have been formulated to ensure that the patients’ interests are given consideration to avoid harming these patients in one way or another.
When patient’s information is disclosed to an unauthorized third party, then the law comes in and legal action is taken against an offender. This paper discusses a recent administrative ethical issue with the aim of applying governing law to the issue.
The article titled “Healthcare Provider to Pay $1.5M HIPAA Fine” (2012) gives a scenario of a potential violation of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) rule of security.
This potential violation was noted by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) after Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Massachusetts Eye and Ear Associates Inc. (MEEI) reported a break in and loss of “an unencrypted laptop with electronic protected health information (ePHI) of MEEI patients and research subjects”. In other words, MEEI failed to comply with the privacy standards hence, put ePHI at stake (Healthcare Provider to Pay $1.5M HIPAA Fine, 2012).
This kind of incidence may gravely impact on MEEI because the patients and research subjects may sue the institution if the information gets to them. This is because, according to the HIPAA security rule, MEEI breached the already laid down ethical and legal issues related to protection of health related information that could be used to harm the involved individuals.
The population affected most by this violation of the law is the patients and the research subjects, whose unencrypted information was contained in the stolen laptop. The intention of the thieves is not known and may have intended to harm one of the clients. In addition, clients would develop a negative attitude towards MEEI and it would run out of patients and research subjects.
Information on these individuals is very important in public health practice and research because it is meant to help in identification, monitoring and response to particular morbidities, mortalities and disabilities in given populations (Thacker, 2003). The impact of this incidence on the patients and research subjects would mean that they would not be willing to participate in future researches by the institution due to fear of a recurrence of the same.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The solution of paying a fine of $1.5M came about after the office for Civil Rights (OCR) under the department of health and human services gave its stand on the whole issue after evaluating the report submitted by MEEEI about the theft. According to the OCR, MEEI did not comply with the ethical principle that advocates for protection of individuals’ privacy and respect for individuals’ dignity.
This is because it failed to store patients’ and research subjects’ information in an encrypted version. The fact that the laptop contained patients’ and research subjects’ information that had not been discretely coded in a manner that could not be understood by unauthorized persons justifies this.
Therefore, anyone accessing the stolen laptop was able to view this information thus publicly exposing the clinical details of the concerned individuals. According to the ethical principle on privacy, individual identifiable health information should be protected from unauthorized persons.
In the case mentioned in the referred article, this does not seem to be the case since information had been stored in raw form. This shows that the ethical principle of privacy and confidentiality was not observed (U. S. Department of Health
Debates on Death Penalty in the United States Research Paper essay help: essay help
Introduction The death penalty is regarded as a capital punishment. The penalty can be executed by use of an injection that contains a concoction of legal drugs, beheading in some states, hanging or the firing squad. In the United States, the main crimes punishable by the death penalty are felony, aggravated murder, contacted killing and murder. The sentence is handed down by a judge, jury, or a plea of guilt (Uelmen and Boscia, 63).
The death sentence was exercised in the United States as early as the 17th century. The crimes punishable by death included theft, witchcraft, homosexuality, and hitting one’s parents. During this time, execution was done by hanging in the public followed by the firing squad.
The American capital punishment system borrows heavily from the British legal system. The first documented death penalty was of George Kendall who was a captain and was executed by a firing squad in the first decade of the 17th century (Herrmann, 37). George was sentenced for mutiny and spying.
By the 18th century, the offenses for capital punishment were limited to murder and treason. Burning of the sentenced and bludgeoning were introduced, but hanging remained prevalent. By the 19th century, juries began to advise against execution in many states with Michigan being the first to put a stop to it in 1846.
The burning and bludgeoning also ended at around this time. Burning and bludgeoning were replaced by electrocution with the ancient hanging and firing still being dominant. It was during the 1930s that there was rampant executions. In the period between 1950 and 1970, there were unanimous sentiments about abolishing the death penalty.
It was abolished for some time only to be reinstated in 1976. However, sixteen of the states abolished it while those that practice it do so minimally and for charges of treason and murder (Singh, 33). The trend of the death penalty has been decreasing over time. Notably, “death sentences reached a record low of 78 in 2011” (Kim, para 1). A debate about whether or not capital punishment should continue to be used in the United States is based on three grounds: cost, retribution and fairness.
The debate on death penalty Whether the death penalty is cost effective or not continues to be widely controversial. Those that are against the death sentence argue that the death penalty is a costly process. A convicted person is likely to use the whole appeal processes in trying to overturn the sentence. The costs associated with placing a charged person on death row include costs of investigation, long and rigorous court hearings and appeals, and the cost of the execution itself (Hull, 113).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A report by the California Commission on the fair Administration of Justice in 2008 indicated that annual costs of the use capital punishment were at $137 million annually. However, with reforms that had been recommended by the commission to make sure that the process of issuing a death penalty was fair, it would cost $232.7 million annually.
On the other hand, the costs incurred by a system, which issues a maximum penalty of life imprisonment would be only $11.5 million annually. In addition, the costs incurred in the defense of a death case (federal), was estimated at $620,932 million. This was around eight times more than that of the same offense where capital punishment is not sought (Uelmen and Boscia, 16).
Those who are supportive of the death penalty argue that the huge costs incurred are worth it as the death sentence puts away the convict forever, and thus reduces crime. They argue that costs should not stand in the way of justice being administered (Uelmen and Boscia, 63).
In my opinion, the cost associated with the death sentence are clearly outrageous and could otherwise be put to better use in the society. Nonetheless, the quest for justice cannot come cheaply under whatever circumstances, the death penalty or not, and thus it should not be a hindrance for justice to prevail.
Whether retribution is an adequate form of justice or not is another point of controversy in the death penalty debate. The proponents of capital punishment argue that the death penalty will remind potential criminals of the consequences of their actions. Retribution refers to revenge, and those supporting the death sentence are of the view that, if a person takes away another person’s life, his or her life should also be terminated.
The retribution aspect is borrowed from the principle of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. They believe that the punishment for a crime should match the crime committed. The advocates of the death penalty argue that there can be no other justice for a murderer other than for their lives to be taken (Singh, 189).
The opponents of the death penalty argue that killing is wrong under whatever circumstances. Therefore, killing the convict does not change the prior crime committed or help to bring back the dead to life. They argue that the state commit the same crime as that of the convict by committing murder themselves albeit knowingly.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Debates on Death Penalty in the United States specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They argue that lesser sentences like life imprisonment can serve to deter the convict and make them come to terms with the crime they committed (Hull, 76). In my opinion, using retribution as a form of justice is inevitable, but two wrongs do not make a right. The legal systems have to instill higher principles of respect for life even that of a murderer.
Fairness in the administration of the death penalty is probably the most controversial point of debate There are many questions raised including what are the criteria used to pass the death sentence and not life imprisonment?
What is the probability of convicting an innocent person? Is there racial bias when passing the death sentences? These questions touch on the issue of fairness. There are no clear guidelines as to how to reach a death sentence. Many high profile criminals have gotten away with numerous murders just because they could afford some of the best lawyers. On the other hand, the poor and sometimes innocent are awarded the penalty due to lack of proper representation.
In addition, an aspect of racial profiling has been observed in the implementation of the death penalty (Uelmen and Boscia, 140). Some states have done away with the death penalty. However, others such as California are still practicing the death penalty. It can be noted “Proposition 34 – which would have seen capital punishment scrapped – was rejected by 53% of voter” (Topping, para 1).
Those who support the death penalty argue that the system has its own mechanisms for ensuring that sentences passed are fair enough. In my opinion, no human is perfect enough to give perfect judgment. Therefore, there is always the risk of prosecuting innocent people. On the other hand, justice and fairness should be given to the victims and their families (Singh, 78).
Conclusion The capital punishment system comes out as one of those necessary evils in society. The main purpose of the death penalty was to reduce the rate of crime, but this argument is subject to debate. In addition, the issues of the costs, fairness, and whether it indeed is a good system of justice continue to dominate the debate on the death penalty. However, many Americans are against the death penalty, but it continues to be implemented in most of the states.
Works Cited Herrmann, Jacqueline. The History of the Death Penalty in the United States: Presented and Analyzed on the Basis of Selected U.S. Supreme Court Cases. München: GRIN Verlag, 2008. Print.
Hull, Elizabeth. “Guilty On All Counts.” Social Policy, 39.4 (2010): 11-25. Print.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Debates on Death Penalty in the United States by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kim, M. Jane. “Is Capital Punishment on Death Row?” US News. 2011. Web.
Singh, Robert. “Capital Punishment In The United States: A New Abolitionism?.” Political Quarterly 71.3 (2000): 341. Print.
Topping, Alexandra. “Californian death penalty fight goes on, despite vote.” The Guardian. 2012. Web.
Uelmen, Gerald F, and C. Boscia. Final Report. Santa Clara, CA: California Commission on the Fair Administration of Justice, 2008. Print.
Hosting an International Sporting Event: The Economic Implications Case Study custom essay help
To be chosen to host an international sporting event, such as the Olympics is a great privilege for any country. There are, therefore, thorough preparations that are done to ensure that the event will be a success, and that in turn the country will gain a good reputation (Barton, 2004).
While studying the economic benefits of the Olympic Games most significant changes are noted in the areas of construction, tourism and social services sector (Preuss, 2004). This is primarily because there are a number of structures that are built solely for the purpose of accommodation during the games.
Once the event is over, the structures remain economically useful as they can be used for rental purposes leading to generation of revenues. The service sector, such as the banks and the hotel industry will experience a boom because the visiting population will be in need of these services.
Employment created during major sporting events, such as the World Cup or the Olympics is short lived (Burton
Breach of Data Confidentiality in Healthcare Institutions Analytical Essay college essay help online
This essay focuses on the implications related to breach of data confidentiality in healthcare institutions. In particular, it focuses on patients, healthcare institutions and users of confidential patient data. Breach of confidential data brings severe consequences to the parties affected. Legally, privacy implies some control of the information recorded about a person (Schwab
Tasting the Fruit from the Tree of Knowledge: The Many Ways to Consider and Handle the Torrent of Information from a Theological Standpoint Expository Essay essay help free: essay help free
In the long and proud history of the humankind, there has hardly been anything that could be appreciated more than information. The precious bits of data are sometimes worth their weight in gold, and even put one’s life at a stake.
However, in the present-day world, when information is transported to ant corner of the world within a blink of an eye, it seems to have cheapened considerably. In addition, with online media, the redundancy of information seems to have become an issue for a lot of people who do not know how to handle with the information torrent.
Analyzing the problem of information redundancy from a theological standpoint can not only help figure out whether the abundance of information can be considered a positive phenomenon, but also offer a solution on how to handle the information torrent which every single person in the modern world faces each day.
First of all, the negative aspects of the information torrent as the theology sees it must be taken into account. Unlike one might expect, there are quite a few downsides concerning the abundance and the availability of all sorts of information in the modern and traditional media. One of the first issues which can be found in the information torrent is the timeliness of learning certain data.
To be more exact, there are some kinds of information which might be not quite appropriate for people of certain age group to find out; e.g., the notorious concept of the birds and the bees should not be offered to children of a certain age group in such graphic and uncompromising way as some of the inappropriate images online do.
On the one hand, the given issue has little to do with the Holy Script; on the other, however, the problem of cognition sends the audience to the tale of Adam, Eve and the fruit of the tree of knowledge.
Reading between the lines of the Biblical legend, one can come to the conclusion that certain pieces information cannot be accepted by the people of all ages and all kinds of experience behind their backs. Hence, the unceasing torrent of information from a theological standpoint can be considered dangerous when not being regulated somehow.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another concern which can be raised about the XXI-century information torrent is that the latter can possibly push people into certain extremes, finally leading them to some of the deadly sins.
For instance, one of the possible traps which one can stumble upon while being in the torrent of information is colliding with the people who have completely different and even opposite ideas on a certain issue and, therefore, taste overwhelming anger. Another demon that can take over the soul of the one who is currently in the torrent of information is the demon of acedia.
Since with the help of Internet it takes little to nothing to learn about a certain issue, the delight of fighting the obstacles for learning something can be reduced to zero, which, in its turn, will drive to the unwillingness to make any conscious effort to learn anything new.
As it has been mentioned above, one of the key problems with the information torrent of the modern world is a complete absence of any filters which can prevent one from seeing something that contradicts one’s beliefs and moral viewpoint. In addition to the fact that the unfiltered information can shake one’s morality, corrupting one completely, it can also sin the audience into the depth of avarice, with the today emphasis on such negative phenomena as crises, catastrophes, etc.
However, in a slight departure from revealing the dreadful effects of an information torrent which the entire world has been caught since the recent media development, it is necessary to admit that the latter does have its doubtless advantages from the theological point of view. One of the obvious advantages of the information torrent is that it can be used as a powerful means to help spread the Word of God and His commandments to begin with.
Indeed, it is crucial that the present-day media does not require covering long distances to reach other people and attempt at converting them into Christianity or involving them into a conversation on a religion-related topic hence, it must be admitted that the information torrent can be headed towards making people aware of the Holy Script and its postulates.
In addition, modern theology can address the information torrent as a means to bring the believers all over the world closer. Hence, the informational phenomenon which can be observed in the present-day media can also be treated as a positive one from the point of theology.
We will write a custom Essay on Tasting the Fruit from the Tree of Knowledge: The Many Ways to Consider and Handle the Torrent of Information from a Theological Standpoint specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Once various issues concerning the Christian belief, such as the discussions of the topical issues, polemics among several opponents, and other related issues become available for all those who are interested in the issues of faith and Christian belief, it will be possible to bring the believers closer.
Finally, such an important aspect of an information torrent as the availability of the Bible itself, i.e., the New and the Old Testaments, the Gospels, and other readings of the kind, must be mentioned. While in the previous centuries, the word of God was spread only by missionaries, in the modern world, the Internet and other mass media can become missionaries and provide the necessary information for people to learn about the Christian religion.
Hence, theology interacts with the issue of information in a very active manner when it comes to spreading awareness of the religious issues, as well as certain common misconceptions about the Christian belief.
At the end of the day, whether obtained information is going to be used for a good or a bad cause depends on the person for whom the given information is intended.
Though it cannot be argued that the amounts of useless and even harmful information which can be found online are increasingly huge, it is still worth admitting that a reasonable person is able to filter the incoming data according to their relevance and pick only the issues which are considered safe and useful.
Hence, the problem of excessive information in the online world exists rather in people’s heads than in reality. While the existing theological postulates do not make one against surfing in the torrent of information, they offer the way to look at this torrent and to pick only the decent ideas and the information which will spur the further spiritual, intellectual and personal growth.
Financial Implications of the Data Management Problem Essay college essay help near me
The data management in the healthcare industry is based on collecting the necessary information, analyzing, and using it with references to the definite developed databases. Today, the effective data management depends on the usage of the modern technologies to work with the different kinds of data. Moreover, the effective usage of the necessary data is connected with the appropriate access to the required information.
The access is important for different healthcare institutions in relation to the aspect of the governing regulations and issue of confidentiality. In spite of the fact the advantages of using the modern approaches to collecting and storing the data are obvious, there are a lot of challenges for developing the tendency of changing the traditional approaches to the data management and using new IT methods.
Furthermore, there are certain consequences of using the out-dated approaches to collecting and sharing the data which can be described with references to the financial implications. The healthcare providers determine the negative effects of using the out-dated methods to manage and operate the data, but the financial aspects of the data management problem remain to be unsolved.
Financial implications of the data management problem are closely associated with the current financial resources which are used by different healthcare organizations. The effectiveness of using the necessary data as well as the effectiveness or quality of the treatment depends on the financial resources provided.
The financial flexibility of the organization is the important factor to speak about the usage of the modern approaches to the data management (Beauvais et al., 2007). However, to guarantee the effective reforms in approaches to the data management, it is necessary to provide the general reforms within the whole industry, but not within a definite organization.
To provide the effective treatment, it is important to solve the problem of the data management which can lead to the significant negative financial consequences. It is important to pay attention to the fact that the financial resources which are spent for modernizing the industry and using such methods as electronic health records or health information exchanges can contribute to decreasing the costs and diminishing the possible negative financial implications in the future (Khosrow-Pour, 2006).
The healthcare providers, patients, and pharmaceutical companies demand the effective and economically advantageous ways in order to regulate the problem with the data management within the industry. Today, the healthcare providers experience a lot of difficulties in collecting and leveraging the necessary data because of the out-dated methods used. These difficulties result in the financial loses.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The problem is in the fact the healthcare organizations have to regulate the significant amounts of data because of the increased amounts of information received. The healthcare organizations orient to the old methods when new approaches to collecting and operating the data are only discussed from the point of their financial profitability and appropriateness for the industry without being actively used.
Many healthcare organizations fail to operate such amounts of information independently, using the traditional approaches to the data management. The negative financial implications of the data management problem are in untimely and inappropriate collection, analysis, and usage of the data which is important for providing the treatment or sharing the information between the healthcare providers (Khosrow-Pour, 2006).
Furthermore, to establish the effective partnership within the industry basing on the data management and sharing the necessary information, it is important to regulate the problem with references to its financial outcomes when the workflow or urgent issues are not operated effectively and in time.
However, a lot of researchers are inclined to state that such methods as, for instance, national data repositories can contribute significantly to improving the situation with the data management and decrease the negative financial implications (Khosrow-Pour, 2006; Mooney, 2009).
The solution of the data management problem can be found with references to implementing the definite interoperable health information technology (Khosrow-Pour, 2006). The data management problem should be resolved in relation to the contemporary IT methods to respond to the modern tendencies and regulate the financial implications.
Although there are several questions on the financial profitability of the active usage of new technologies to manage the data within the healthcare industry, the positive financial implications of the process can be discussed as more obvious.
It is important to implement new approaches to monitoring the patients and collecting the data in order to avoid the drawbacks of the current system and provide the flexible access to the necessary data for different healthcare providers. It is significant to remember that the quality of treatment depends on the effective collection and analysis of the necessary data with the help of the efficient algorithms and calculations.
We will write a custom Essay on Financial Implications of the Data Management Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If the problem of the data management is not resolved with references to using new technologies and approaches to collecting, preserving, analyzing, and operating the necessary information, it can result in significant negative outcomes related to the economic sphere. The financial implications of the data management can be regulated with the help of reforming the data management system and orienting to the new technological opportunities.
References Beauvais, B., Wells, R., Vasey, J.,
The Possible Solutions to the Data Management Problem Problem Solution Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
The data management problem in the healthcare industry is one of the most urgent issues because it affects the quality of the treatment as well as the daily work of different healthcare organizations. The process of operating the necessary data is influential for resolving the questions of the patients’ care and organization’s activities, and even for handling the financial issues.
The problem is in the fact that the computer software for managing the data and the used databases are not effective today because of the necessity to operate significant amounts of the information and share it with different healthcare providers.
Utilizing different systems, programs, and software, healthcare providers cannot receive the access to the required information. Moreover, the ineffective databases can provide the unauthorized access to the confidential data, but there are no possibilities for physicians to receive the important information on the definite case in time because of the system’s weaknesses.
Thus, the problem related to the data management in the healthcare industry is controversial and requires the effective solution. There are several possible variants to resolve the problematic situation which are the modernization of the industry with references to the modern IT devices and implementation of electronic health records, health information exchanges, and national data repositories.
The data management problem should be resolved basing on developing the IT system used in the healthcare organizations. It is significant to provide the single approach to collecting, managing, and preserving the data with the possibility to share it with the healthcare providers. That is why, the implemented technologies should be interoperable.
Moreover, researchers pay attention to the fact that the usage of only one approach to solving the data management problem can be ineffective, and the orientation to the complex procedure is more advantageous (Hillestad et al., 2005).
The usage of the electronic health records and health information exchanges with the help of which it is possible to operate the data on patients, healthcare providers, and pharmaceutical companies is the approved initiative to resolve the data management problem (Data management, 2012).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Electronic health records are based on collecting and managing the data according to the definite standards, and homogeneous sources of the data provide different healthcare organizations with the possibilities to use them effectively (Khosrow-Pour, 2006).
Today, different healthcare organizations try to use the systems of electronic health records in order to optimize the data management process. The challenges experienced by these organizations are connected with using different proprietary systems and rather heterogeneous sources of the information (Khosrow-Pour, 2006).
That is why, the process of sharing the data becomes complicated. It is necessary to use similar systems of electronic health records in order to provide the effective work of the whole system. However, there are a lot of organizations which have different levels in operating IT for their needs.
Furthermore, there are many organizations which use different systems and programs to prevent the unauthorized access to the information and its modification and to follow the principles of confidentiality (Khosrow-Pour, 2006). Nevertheless, these programs cannot be discussed as the single system shared by different healthcare providers.
Healthcare providers need the appropriate and timely access to the necessary data which can be collected in any organization or department within the industry. Thus, when a patient enters the hospital his personal data are fixed, the particular features of treatment and procedures are recorded, all the necessary information is preserved in the system, and it can be accessed by physicians and shared with different healthcare providers when it is necessary (Khosrow-Pour, 2006).
The orientation to using the electronic health records and health information exchanges along with the possibilities to refer to the national data repositories can resolve the data management problem and improve the system of sharing the necessary information.
The system of electronic health records can work effectively and respond to the necessity to have the integrated and shared data when all the information is collected according to the definite standards, and only one system is used and accessible for each healthcare organization within the industry (Hillestad et al., 2005). The national data repositories can be based on the national sources of data which are regularly collected and registered.
We will write a custom Essay on The Possible Solutions to the Data Management Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The provision of the access to these sources for the healthcare organizations is necessary to complete the cycle of sharing and integrating the data within the industry. Health information exchanges are in the process of development, and they will be associated with the system of electronic health records. The main task is to provide the healthcare organizations with the necessary tools and information technologies to support the program.
The implementation of electronic health records, health information exchanges, and national data repositories in complex can be discussed as the effective method to resolve the data management problem with references to the issues of operating patients and physicians’ portfolios, integrating and sharing the data.
To realize this strategy, it is important to pay attention to the definite government’s regulations and make the healthcare providers adopt the same standards and rules in relation to using the information technologies, resolving the problem of funding these programs.
References Data management in the healthcare industry. (2012). Web.
Hillestad, R., Bigelow, J., Bower, A., Girosi, F., Meili, R., Scoville, R.,
Evidence Based Practice Proposal Example Research Paper essay help online: essay help online
Step 1: Problem Formulation Whenever students transfer from one college to another, it becomes hard for them to settle immediately and adjust to the new environment. During the transition period, the affected students tend to suffer from stress, which if not addressed could quickly degenerate to depression, thus making it hard for students to perform in the new school. This scenario underscores the case with Andrew.
Andrew is a 19 years old student who transferred to St. Johns College from his former college. The transfer meant that he would be moving into a new environment.
In his former college, Andrew operated as a day scholar where he could always go home in the evening and spend time with his parents. Besides, he had many friends, and the former college helped students in selecting the appropriate subjects to undertake. The college also took students through a counseling session, which enabled them to identify their religious beliefs and values. Unfortunately, Andrew transferred right before he could enjoy all these services, which were available in his former college.
Moreover, the transfer meant that he could no longer stay with his parents. Besides, he had to make new friends coupled with the responsibility of making all the decisions by himself. This aspect has pushed Andrew into depression. He suffers from psychomotor agitation, indecisiveness, hypersomnia, and is ever moody.
In a bid to address these challenges, the college’s dean advised Andrew to visit Good Hope Hospital for assistance. The hospital offers psychiatric services to people suffering from depression. The institution has to come up with the most appropriate method of helping Andrew to cope with his current problem and continue with his studies.
One of the best approaches is Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). This approach helps in coping with irrationalities in depressive thinking. Besides, it can help in addressing other factors that lead to depression, like fear, anxiety, and intolerance to frustration. The therapy addresses not only depression, but also all possible thoughts that might lead to depression.
REBT follows the assumption that everyone is accountable to his or her actions and emotions. Besides, it believes that an individual may develop realistic views through practice and it is possible for an individual to establish deeper acceptance of oneself in life. Consequently, I hypothesize that Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy is a comprehensive approach for addressing depression among new college students.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Step 2: Search
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Explicatory Essay college essay help near me
Hamlet, the prince of Denmark is a play by William Shakespeare set in the Kingdom of Denmark. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are friends to the protagonist in the play. Hamlet is a son to the former King and a nephew to the current King Claudius (Hamlet.2.2.84) These two characters seem indispensable throughout and serve as informants of Claudius. King Claudius wanted to understand the changed behavior of his nephew was in grief after learning how his father, King Hamlet died.
In the play, they fit in as first hand spies of the King because of their childhood friendship with Hamlet. In fact, he refers to them as his two schoolfellows. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern display sycophancy, as they appear to struggle to gain Claudius’ confidence by posing as Hamlets childhood friends hence are better placed to get information from him.
They accept to work with Claudius on this matter in spite of them knowing his intentions. He introduces them as excellent good friends. This is complemented by their show of ignorance when they accompany Hamlet to England after he killed Polonius. On this trip, they carry a letter whose content they are not aware. This is what leads to their death.
Their sycophancy backfires as Hamlet rejects their friendship when he tells them that they are spies (Hamlet.3.2.176) Furthermore, he manages to get the letter from them and rewrites it reversing the original content. Pirates kill them after being abandoned by Hamlet (Hamlet 5.2.353) Hamlet even remarks that their death is because of their conspiracy. They are also used in the plot to perpetuate corruption in the courts by accepting to be paid as agents to work with Claudia.
References Shakespeare, W. (1993) Hamlet, the prince of Denmark. London: Sterling signature Publishers.
They’ve Got to Be Carefully Taught by Susan Konig Analytical Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
How do people become aware of their racial or ethnic differences? Can these differences be artificially constructed? These are the questions that many psychologists and educators try to examine in their studies. The promotion of diversity and multiculturalism in schools is an important task that educators are responsible for.
However, as a result of these activities, color-blind children begin to pay more attention to race or ethnicity of their fellow students. This is one of the issues that Susan Konig explores in her essay They’ve Got to
Be Carefully Taught. In this paper, I will analyze this essay in terms of purpose, logos, pathos, logos and diction that make the writer’s arguments more convincing.
The main goal of this essay is to demonstrate that teachers can unwillingly highlight the racial, cultural, or ethnic differences among students, especially when they promote cultural diversity in schools. This purpose is not explicitly formulated, but Susan Konig does it showing how children, who know nothing about race, begin to speak about the color of a person’s skin, nationality, or ethnic background.
The author says that due to “the concentrated efforts of their teachers, these two-and three-year-olds are talking about things that separate rather than connect” (Konig 52). So, the purpose of this essay is reasonable. It can have significant implications for educators who remember that their efforts can often adverse effects. Overall, the intended readers of this essay can be parents and teachers who are responsible for the education of children and adolescents.
Susan Konig does not strongly rely on ethos in her essay; in other words she does not stress the idea that her opinions are authoritative; however, the writer mentions that she comes from a multi-cultural family (Konig 52). Overall, the word ethos is used to describe the strategies that an author employs in order to demonstrate his/her credibility. For instance, in some cases, writers or public speakers discuss their background knowledge or expertise.
In contrast, Susan Konig does not claim to be an expert in the field of education; instead she focuses on her experiences as a parent. It seems that this strategy is quite successful because Susan Konig’s ideas can be familiar to many parents who also have to speak about diversity in front of students. At such moment, many of them feel rather uncomfortable. This is why this essay appears to be very convincing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One can say that the author uses logos or reasoning in order to elaborate her argument. In this case, the term logos can be interpreted as the appeal to the rationality of the reader. Susan Konig does it by showing how color-blind children can learn about such concepts as race or ethnicity at that moment when they do not have any knowledge of history or culture of the United States. Her arguments are mostly on her observations.
Susan Konig provides very convincing examples showing how the behavior of children is affected by the activities of teachers who promote multiculturalism and focus children’s attention to racial or ethnic characteristics of people. The author shows that these students begin to notice the differences in the color of their hair or skin (Konig 53). Overall, this approach makes this essay more convincing. So, one can say her writing strategies is quite successful.
It should be noted that Susan Konig does not attach much importance to pathos while explaining her views. The term pathos means that the writer appeals to the emotions of reader in order to make his/her point more convincing. Pathos is not an important component of this essay.
Certainly, she describes the astonishment of a parent who has to speak about culture or nationality in front of school children (Konig 52). Such experiences can be familiar to a great number of parents. Nevertheless, emotional element does not play an important part in this essay because Susan Konig pays more attention to reasoning, logic, and evidence, rather than feelings and emotions. This is the main distinction of this essay.
Susan Konig’s diction can be called informal or even colloquial because she does not want to sound too academic; however, one can still see that this essay has been written by an educated person.
For instance, it is possible to discuss the following sentence, “the little tots are being taught in no uncertain terms that their hair is different, their skin is different, and their parents come from different places” (Konig 51). This sentence indicates that Susan Konig does want her writing to be very formal. The diction helps the author appeal to parents and teachers who can be the intended readers of the essay.
Overall,the essay written by Susan Konig illustrates the pitfalls of promoting cultural diversity of schools. The author relies primarily on logos and diction in order to engage the reader. The ideas expressed in this work should be considered by educators who can unwillingly attract children’s attention to the rhetoric of race and ethnicity.
We will write a custom Essay on They’ve Got to Be Carefully Taught by Susan Konig specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Konig, Susan. “They’ve Got to Be Carefully Taught.” Mirror on America:
Essays and Images from Popular Culture. Eds. Joan T. Mims and Elizabeth M. Nolen. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2012. 51-53. Print.
Does Possession of Knowledge Carry an Ethical Responsibility? scholarship essay help
Moral values created in society impose many controversies on people in terms of their decision either to reveal or conceal the knowledge. The strong relation between ethical responsibility and knowledge possession is evident because numerous events, cases, and well-known examples testify to the negative consequences of concealing the truth.
On the one hand, individuals possessing important information about a specific event, object, or person may stay neutral in a situation. On the other hand, ignoring the situation may lead to unpredictable circumstances that can even cause harm to a person.
Therefore, possessing specific knowledge does impose an ethical responsibility on individuals, as well as on their decision whether this information should be unveiled or not, because there are cases when concealing knowledge leads to inevitable outcomes, such as injury, moral pressure, or even crime.
Living in a social medium, people should adhere to the social principles and act following the established codes of ethics, morale, and law.
Therefore, they should also be concerned with everything that happens around them and follows the ethical responsibilities imposed on them as members of a civilized community. Ethical decision-making, therefore, is a crucial ability of each person, because it indicates his/her understanding of what is ethically justified or not.
Therefore, everyone who possesses certain information is forced to evaluate the outcomes of exchanging, sharing, or concealing knowledge. Both withholding and releasing knowledge can also have a negative impact on the person taking advantage of it. Second, ethics is considered a field of moral philosophy that defines what action is right and which one is wrong; it refers to the philosophy of survival.
However, this philosophy survival does not refer to an individual, but the entire community in general. Irrespective of cultural background, social organization, and other ethical realms, possessing knowledge endows an individual with a certain power that should be controlled in compliance with the rules accepted in society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, while making a decision, a person should, first of all, think of the consequences because the fact of the interdependence of community members creates the possibility that unethical action can have a negative influence on this particular person.
The knowledge of history is premised on the extent to which people release information they have at their disposal. Controversies and ambiguity arise because of the reluctance of individuals to disclose the truth.
The history also provides evidence on how knowledge possession and disclosure can change the lives of many people. The example with intellectual property rights and their influence on the development of the third world proves that knowledge possession imposes an ethical responsibility on individuals.
Since such developed countries as the United States should exercise justice and morally attitude to the developing economies, they should be responsible for informing emerging countries about the basic principles of intellectual property to prevent any potential risks related to the case.
Besides, there is also a cultural controversy that correlates with various outlooks on knowledge possession. From a western perspective, individuals and organizations have the right not to release information to sustain a competitive advantage. However, the example shows that the Cold War period does not bring in any benefits for social development.
In interesting assumptions about the ethical implications of possessing knowledge is associated with the politics of water. Hence, the fact that the developing countries suffer most from environmental pollution because of the ignorance of the humble population of the potential risks this ecological situation has on them.
Displacement of people, therefore, is the result of inappropriate politics of knowledge sharing. Ethical responsibility imposed on the power authorities is ignored and, therefore, people are unaware of the consequences of their reforms and actions.
We will write a custom Essay on Does Possession of Knowledge Carry an Ethical Responsibility? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The pollution of water is specifically typical for African countries, as well as for the Eastern region. The government and private organizations possessing knowledge about environmental hazards should hold an ethical and legal liability for distributing information and preventing harm to the population.
The search for knowledge is often presented as a neutral, objective activity. Therefore, being ignorant can be an acceptable option from an ethical viewpoint. Such an opportunity can also be applied to independent knowledge acquisition. However, the knowledge itself will not be of value because it is not used for various purposes.
As soon as it is used in a context, it acquires a specific meaning. Knowledge is valuable only when it is applied to a particular situation and, therefore, people should carry an ethical responsibility for the way they employ their experience because it might also influence other people’s perception. For instance, the doctor’s ethics does not allow them to reveal information about their patients because it involves both moral and legal responsibility.
At the same time, there are occasions when this principle can be ignored because it contradicts personal outlooks on morale and ethics. During the Olympic Games, many doctors should keep the information confidential about their patients. However, in case they are involved in doping crimes, they are morally responsible for the consequences.
Nowadays, knowledge does have ethical significance, but people are also entitled to choose a neutral position because of their right to either give ethical meaning to knowledge or not. Ignorance of facts concerning situations can be regarded as neutral.
For instance, in case a scientist knows something significant that might change the outlook on science, in general, has full right to stay neutral and keep this knowledge concealed. Under these circumstances, disclosure of information might influence others, but its concealment will not provide any negative influence either.
Therefore, certain stances allow people to stay neutral toward certain positions. Any information can be used both for harm and for good. Thus, the outcome of knowledge exchange depends, first of all, on individuals possessing the knowledge, as well as their ability to make moral and ethical judgments about situations.
Therefore, ethical responsibility is imposed on an individual rather than on knowledge possession itself. Within this context, people should take responsibility for their actions, which can be ethically justified or not, but not on the knowledge they possess. Also, there are cases when people become victims of circumstances and acquire knowledge against their will. For instance, they become witnesses of a murder scene.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Does Possession of Knowledge Carry an Ethical Responsibility? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the one hand, their rights as the members of the community are to sustain public welfare and security. Their moral obligation is to go to the police and testify to what they see. On the other hand, becoming the witness of such a situation can threaten their own lives, which may be the reasons for concealing information.
Although individuals are free to decide whether knowledge should be disclosed or concealed, the ethical dimension of knowledge cannot be ignored. Even if a person believes that knowledge should not be released, it will have ethical consequences.
Similar to the concept of free-will and survival, the concept of moral duty should be considered in the realm of knowledge ethics. This is of particular concern to the case when ignorance and indifference to the knowledge possession can harm other people or create contingencies.
Regardless of contexts, should it be scientific research on nuclear power or individual’s decision to keep friend’s secret, the ethics of knowledge is evident because the abstract existence of certain information will not have any meaning unless it is engaged into an ethical context. Therefore, the moral dimension of knowledge possession must make people be more conscious of their actions toward other people.
In conclusion, it should be stressed that individuals possessing knowledge should take ethical and moral responsibility for their actions. Both releasing information and concealment of specific facts can have severe outcomes for those who hold this knowledge, as well as for other individuals who depend on this information.
Moral dilemmas also occur when an individual selfishly takes advantage of knowledge, which might cause harm to society in general. Knowledge cannot be regarded as an individual property because any information is generated in a social environment.
The constant confrontation between personal space and the social construct in which people act can be resolved as soon as knowledge becomes transparent. At the same time, knowledge depends on individuals’ perception of ethics and morale and, as a result, most of the information is focused on the individual’s awareness of intellectual property.
The Plan for Resolving the Data Management Problem Problem Solution Essay essay help
The data management problem within the healthcare industry can be resolved only using the complex approach based on the effective plan which includes such important components as the implementation of electronic health records, the orientation to the development of the health information exchanges, and the focus on the active usage of the improved national data repositories.
It is important to pay attention to the fact that the solution of the data management problem depends on the effective usage of all the mentioned approaches to regulating the process of collecting, analyzing, and managing the data.
In spite of the fact the electronic health records are used by many healthcare providers and there are several methods to implement these systems effectively, the orientation to the health information exchanges and usage of the national data repositories requires the developed plan of actions to achieve the expected positive results and resolve the data management problem.
From this point, the plan for resolving the data management problem is based on three main components. The implementation of the electronic health records within the healthcare industry is the major component which is necessary for resolving the basic problem when the data used by the healthcare providers is collected and stored ineffectively and with references to different software or systems (Khosrow-Pour, 2006).
The electronic health records can make the process of managing the data more organized. The next component is the development of health information exchanges to provide the effective process of sharing the data between healthcare providers.
The realization of this stage in the plan depends on resolving the issues with electronic health records, with the shift to using the same systems, programs, and software, and with questions of privacy and confidentiality (Brooks
Wooden Houses Vs Concrete houses in Saudi Arabia Report a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Introduction The choice of housing is usually determined by different factors. Climatic and weather conditions include some of the elements that inform potential homeowners. Observably, a cost benefit analysis of diverse housing alternatives must be conducted. Presently, people have recognized the need to erect different kinds of buildings.
These include both the concrete and wooden houses. However, it is crucial to note that the costs involved are an important factor in informing this decision. This essay compares the choice between wooden or concrete houses in Saudi Arabia. Some of the issues discussed include cost, compatibility and sustainability with the country and weather conditions, time efficiency and environmental friendliness.
1st Point: Cost There are obvious disparities between the wooden and concrete houses in Saudi Arabia. Homeowners consider the cost effectiveness of various architectural designs for their houses. Cost considerations play significant roles in the decision for proper housing. Observably, this also includes the basic materials to be applied in the construction process. Saudi Arabia is located within a desert.
This area has a lot of sand and other natural material for concrete building. These materials are exploited and used directly or indirectly. It is apparent that it is easier to obtain the materials for constructing concrete buildings. Ideally, a desert environment lacks the natural capacity to support the practice of forestry. Therefore, forests are less likely to develop within the desert area. It is imperative that Saudi Arabia has no sufficient wood sources.
Building a wooden house in Saudi Arabia would prove very expensive for most people. This is unlike the concrete buildings. There is a very high cost of importing timber for construction into Saudi Arabia. Notably, very few neighboring countries or states have the potential to produce enough timber for exports. This makes it hard and expensive for people to construct wooden houses. Sand is readily available within Saudi Arabia.
This means that people can locally extract sand and use it for the preparation of concrete material. The people have applied locally available technology to initiate these processes. Apart from sand, there are other concrete materials such as stones and processed cement. Consequently, several cement-processing plants are located within different regions of the country. All these factors play a significant role in lowering the cost of constructing the concrete houses.
The wooden houses lack adequate resiliency and resistance to last for a long period. Generally, they are more susceptible to abrasion, breakage and destruction. Majorly, these emanate from the harsh environmental conditions within the desert in Saudi Arabia. However, the concrete houses prove to be more resistant.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They are very resistant to abrasion and other destructive occurrences that might emanate from the desert environment. It is, therefore, deductable that there are negligible or lower maintenance costs involved. This is unlike the case of wooden houses that require a lot of attention, surveillance and maintenance initiatives. These elements might also increase the general expenses involved in the design and operation of wooden houses in Saudi Arabia.
There might be limited or lack of adequate labor for the construction of wooden houses. The condition emerges because the desert faces a great level of timber scarcity. The scarcity of human resource increases the expenses used for hiring labor. Contrarily, the masons involved in the construction of concrete houses are readily available. This trend remains observable across the entire Saudi Arabia. There is minimal labor costs involved in the process. This makes the concrete houses cheaper to construct than the wooden houses.
2nd Point: Compatibility and Sustainability with the Country and Weather Conditions Saudi Arabia has variable weather conditions. There are different seasons within a year. These variable weather conditions affect physical structures in different ways. It is important to note that the country and weather conditions might affect the sustainability of the houses. Evidently, the concrete houses prove to be more durable and resistant to all weather conditions. Agreeably, they last longer and serve their basic purpose in an effective manner.
However, this situation is not applicable for the case of the wooden houses. These variable weather conditions make the wooden houses more vulnerable to rapid destruction. The concrete houses are more compatible and sustainable to the country and weather conditions. Wooden houses are more likely to be destroyed through various processes. These processes originate from different weather and environmental factors.
Physical processes cause breakages and destructions in the wooden houses. In addition, other notable chemical process might lead to gradual destruction of the wooden houses. Principally, these emanate from different environmental changes causing weather alterations and interactions.
These factors make the owners of such houses to incur additional and high maintenance expenditures. Indicatively, this is not the case for the concrete houses. The composition of concrete is more durable and resistant to these weather changes. They can be occupied even during periods of adverse weather. Additionally, they are also suitable in Saudi Arabia because they help to prevent excess heat and cold from reaching the occupants.
There are many weather-generated agents with negative impacts on the wooden houses. Certain animals such as ants, insects and rodents occupy human habitats. Wooden houses are mostly targeted in this aspect. Perhaps, unlike the concrete houses, wooden ones provide a readily available source of food for these ants.
We will write a custom Report on Wooden Houses Vs Concrete houses in Saudi Arabia specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They are more susceptible to destruction from the action of such animals. It is notable that the concrete houses are very sustainable within the desert conditions. The hard concrete surface acts as a critical guard and protection against the harsh weather conditions that prevail from the outside desert environment. Excessive and strong winds predominant within the Saudi Arabia desert environment might have detrimental implications on the wooden houses.
There is a high probability of the wooden house being swept away by wind. This is majorly because the wooden house foundations might not be as strong and firm as the concrete ones. Foundations made from concrete material are very strong, firm and remain rooted to the ground.
In this regard, they are most suitable for desert conditions that experience extensive and huge wind flows during all periods. Building wooden houses within such places would be dangerous to the life of occupants. Generally, the concrete houses are more appropriate within desert areas like Saudi Arabia. The wooden houses are not sustainable within such areas.
3rd Point: Time Efficiency There are many challenges associated with building wooden houses in Saudi Arabia. These challenges lead to the development of major inefficiencies. These might relate to the habitats and other processes taking place within the houses.
Apparently, the concrete houses built within Saudi Arabia have limited cases of inefficiency as compared to other wooden ones. The wooden houses require a lot of time and concentration. These must be undertaken during the construction and maintenance stages. Normally, the house owner might need to utilize the services of an expert during the construction process.
These initiatives always result into longer durations of consulting and hiring the appropriate personnel to complete the construction activities. Unlike the case of the concrete houses, the trained personnel are easily accessible. It is crucial to note that one might not even require integrating or outsourcing for the services of building experts. This saves a lot of time in the construction of these concrete buildings.
As compared to the concrete houses, the wooden ones are easy to clean and maintain in a sanitary manner. In fact, the wooden one just needs to be wiped in order for the house to be clean and sanitary. Depending on the type of the concrete finish of a specific surface, it may be challenging to sanitize the concrete house. From these observations, it is noteworthy that the wooden houses are important and leading in times of time saving.
However, this is only true during the cleaning operations. The concrete houses would need a lot of water to clean or sanitize. These also require several personnel and energy input. These factors combine to influence the length of time spent in attaining the maximum level of sanitation within these houses. The materials for constructing concrete houses are readily accessible within the country. This means that a lot of time is saved during the procurement and construction procedures.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Wooden Houses Vs Concrete houses in Saudi Arabia by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The building contractors do not have to travel for longer distances to search for these materials. There are also minimal cases or instances of imports. The overall implication is that it is more time saving and efficient to develop a concrete house in the Saudi Arabia. Nonetheless, this is the opposite case for the wooden houses within this region. Timber meant for construction of these houses must be imported into Saudi Arabia.
This means that there must be adequate periods allocated for identification, invoicing and negotiation initiatives. These also involve the normal procedures undertaken in procurement, including the clearance schedules within the customs duty departments. Therefore, sufficient time must be slotted for all these operations to be achieved. These usually lead to the realization of gross time inefficiencies.
4th Point: Environment Friendly Wooden houses prove to be more environment friendly as compared to the concrete houses. However, this argument only serves certain aspects of the wooden houses. For instance, they help to cushion the occupants or inhabitants from the harsh climatic and weather conditions within the desert.
Most people consent that it is usually more comfortable to reside within the wooden houses. Particularly, this relates to specific places with poor environmental conditions such as the deserts of the Saudi Arabia. The concrete houses are more prone to negative climatic situations. These houses usually make the occupants more vulnerable to these harsh conditions within their external environments.
There have been negative arguments from most environmental conservationists about these wooden houses. According to these conservationists, wooden houses are made from timber. This practice results into massive deforestation that leads to the development of severe environmental impacts.
Some of the impacts already noted and highlighted include the increased rates of global warming and ozone depletion. In this context, it is notable that the wooden houses are not environmentally friendly. In this regard, the concrete houses appear to be more environmentally friendly.
Conclusion It is evident that the concrete houses do not encourage or propagate the impacts of global warming. Since man is part of the larger environment, the wooden houses provide a very conducive and moderated environment for habitation. The concrete houses are usually sensitive to the weather changes that emanate from the external environment.
In most circumstances, they are not as environment friendly as the wooden houses. Notably the concrete houses have several advantages as compared to the wooden houses constructed within Saudi Arabia. In summary, it is better to construct the concrete houses in Saudi Arabia rather than the wooden houses.
Role of Human Resources Management in Health Care Industry Essay best essay help
Increased importance of human resource management is associated with health care organizational activities and operation. In particular, legal and ethical issues, safety and welfare of employees, and motivation and support initiatives are vital for enhancing collaboration and enriching organizational culture.
Due to the increased diversity of cultural backgrounds of both patients and employee, the human resource managers should pay closer attention to the influence of globalization and technology on healthcare delivery and teamwork training, leading to higher quality of patient care.
Because employees constitute the most valuable asset of an organization, managers should be concerned with their productivity and performance. In order to developed a well-organized and effective workforce, the human resource department should provide constant improvement in such areas as job analysis and recruitment, legal and ethical management framework, healthcare career promotion, distribution of employee benefits, motivation and support, and future trends in employees’ development.
The partnership between HR department and management is unique in the field of health care because the majority of healthcare organizations are premised on a dual managerial structure of health services managers and clinical managers who are responsible for monitoring two groups of employees with various responsibilities and training needs (Niles, 2012). For instance, clinical managers are more experience in training specific clinical area whereas health service managers are focused on specific requirements.
Regardless of levels of organization, employees should adhere to the ethical and legal standards accepted in healthcare industry. The legal issues should be established between the healthcare institution and the consumer, namely healthcare professional and provider.
Ethical codes of conduct should also be developed to cope with ethical dilemmas and conflict situations in the most efficient way (Niles, 2012). State and federal laws have been implemented to protect both patient and healthcare provider and, therefore, legislature is foundational in dealing with safety and welfare of the stakeholders. In this respect, the role of HR manager consists in introducing efficient standards that would allow them to enhance the cultural environment in an organization.
Job analysis and design is another important responsibility that HR managers should uphold to sustain motivation and enhance support for the employees. In fact, job design implies development of a set of duties, tasks, and responsibilities that employees should accomplish. In case, employees face misconception in terms of the requirements, they overall organizational framework might fail (Niles, 2012). Therefore, strict distribution of responsibilities is indispensible for sustain performance and establishing control.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Within the content of recruitment and motivation, HR managers should be endowed with efficient problem solving and decision-making skills (Muller et al., 2006). Problem solving is concerned with providing solutions to specific situations. Decision making is also important for managers to implement proactive facets of management (Muller et al., 2006). Project management is another functional dimension that focuses on development of multi-stage accomplishment of specific assignments.
In conclusion, HR practices are vital for arranging tasks, responsibilities, and performance of employees. The role of HR managers in healthcare industry is confined to managing safety and legal issues, ensuring efficient performance, and developing problem solving and decision-making skills.
Job analysis and design is among the priority for HR managers working healthcare environment. Employees should be worked out specific strategies for enriching organizational culture. Due to the fact that employee performance depends on the ethical environment as well, the human resource managers should introduce efficient ethical codes.
References Muller, M., Jooste, K.,
Analytical Report essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Information Abstract Staff development and training, remains a major strategy used in enhancing the effectiveness of employees in various companies and organizations around the world.
This is usually spearheaded by the HR department to motivate employees and enhance their production. While this is the case, very few business owners invest in developing their employees in different departments. Among other reasons, staff development and training is essential in sharpening and retaining of skills in employees. It also allows the introduction and development of new skills, based on the changing labor needs and market trends.
This can be achieved by engaging the services of firms, which specialize in employee training and development. Companies that do not develop and train their employees are more disadvantaged and cannot achieve quality performance in a competitive business environment.
Introduction Definition, Description and Background
Most expert concur that training is a primary aspect of promoting employees’ productivity in any given organization through social, physical, and intellectual wholesomeness. On the other hand, knowledge denotes the relevant skills, information, and ability, which is needed by staff members to ensure that they perform their roles effectively, thus promoting high productivity (Carsen, 2005).
Training and development of employees is based on the fact that human resources are considered to be the most effective assets in a given business organization, and have to be equipped and shaped towards the needs of the organization in order to realize pinnacle performance.
While staff training and development may not be given the attention it deserves by most organizations, it is important to note that the success of any firm solely relies on the effectiveness of people within the organization, in connection with how they perform their roles.
It therefore follows that employees can only perform as expected by a company when they have the relevant skills and knowledge (Carsen, 2005). By aligning the needs of a firm with the skills of the staff, an organization may find it easier to realize its goals without straining and with minimum spending of its resources. It is therefore the role of the human resource manager to identify the needs of employees for establishing a training and development program for professional empowerment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Importantly, an evaluation of the program is highly recommended for the purpose of establishing the effectiveness of the approach in meeting the training needs of the staff at any given moment. This can be achieved through surveys conducted among staff members as a way of establishing their perception towards the exercise and its relevance in their various positions at work.
Principally, training is viewed as the pillar of human resource development. On the other hand, human development is perceived in the context of expanding the choices of the staff, which are essential in accomplishing their roles in different positions. Moreover, the roles assigned to employees can be infinite and bound to change from time to time (Adegoke, 2011). In this context, the scope of employee development goes beyond the expansion of a company’s income and wealth.
Purpose of the Report, and Intended Audience
This analytical report will focus on the need for developing and training the staff of Excel Communication Co. To achieve this, the paper will give a detailed synthesis of the sales proposal, which targeted the training and development of Excel Communication employees.
The report will be divided into various segments, addressing the objectives of the proposal from different points of view. For instance, the report will cover the methods of inquiry, which were employed during the training and development program at Excel Communication Company. Moreover, the report will give an overview of the limitations of the study, with regards to ways in which the program could not help the company in the training and development of its employees.
Besides these elements, the report will seek to identify and explain some of the working definitions, which may have been used during the exercise, for the purpose of making it successful. The scope of the inquiry will outline the limits within which the survey was conducted in order to gather relevant data and information concerning training and development. These will include the methods used to collect the information and reasons why a given section of the company was targeted.
The analysis will also make conclusions, regarding the inquiries, which were made during the training program. Apart from these segments, the analytical report will cover two topics of investigation, which will mainly address the need and benefits of carrying out a training and development program for a company. Under these topics, the report will cover definitions, findings, and interpretation of findings.
With regard to the intended audience, the report targets the entire management of Excel Communication Company, its employees, and other stakeholders involved in the management of the firm. The management and stakeholders will have to be informed about the benefits of training and development of employees.
We will write a custom Report on Analytical specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This knowledge will ensure that the management supports such programs, since they have cost implications, which have to be met by the company. Informed management ensures that a company adopts programs, which allow continuous improvement of the knowledge and skills of employees at any given moment of the year. On the other hand, the report will target employees of Excel Communication Co. for them to appreciate the role of such programs in sharpening their skills for improved efficiency while working in different positions.
Methods of Inquiry
During the implementation of the training and development exercise, various methods of inquiry were used in finding relevant information and data among employees and the management. For instance, 360 Degrees Career Developers held successful interviews with the management and representatives of employees in order to address the needs of the company.
Through these interactive sessions, it was possible for 360 Degrees Career Developers to understand the perception of the company towards equipping its workers with better skills and knowledge. Additionally, questionnaires were used, where specific questions were posed to employees and the management, based on various issues related to employee training and development.
Lastly, 360 Degrees Career Developers held open forums with all the concerned parties, as a way of understanding the impact of training programs, their frequency, and future planning. The following questions were asked:
How important is employee training?
Have you been trained before?
Is employee performance related to training?
The results, which were obtained, will be analyzed in other segments of this analytical report.
Limitations of the Study While this training program was essential in promoting effective company performance, it is worth noting that it was limited in certain areas. For instance, it lacked the capacity to prevent employees who had already made up their mind to move to other organizations. In other words, some employees went through the program but decided to resign from their positions to work in different companies.
This was a big disadvantage to Excel Communication Co. because it will have to hire other employees to take up the positions, which were left as a result of such departures.
Besides hiring, the company will also take them through a training program to equip them with knowledge and skills to enable them fit in the positions and perform the tasks productively. The errors in the data collected from employees also limited the effectiveness of the program since some respondents did not give accurate information during interviews and answering of questionnaires.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analytical by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Additionally, the program was limited by the culture of Excel Communication Company. Despite the fact that, 360 Degrees Career Developer specializes in empowering employees, it does not affect the culture of a firm. As a result, the program did not alter traditions of the company, which may have been an obstacle towards effective performance.
There were no working definitions during the training and development program of Excel Communication employees. In other words, 360 Degrees Careers Developers used a simple e and universal language to accommodate every employee of the company. This was necessary in explaining ideas and imparting employees and the management with relevant skills and knowledge that would make them more effective in performing their tasks.
Scope of the Inquiry
The inquiry mainly involved all the employees of Excel Communication Co. in order to equip them with relevant skills and knowledge to propel them to higher levels of performance. By focusing on the employees, 360 Degrees Careers Developers ensured that the workers are well-trained in handling the emerging issues in the business market.
Moreover, the inquiries also targeted managers of the company, for them to appreciate the importance of having regular training and development programs for workers. To make this inquiry effective, 360 Degrees Careers Developers worked closely with the human resource department, which played a major role in presenting the needs of workers.
Conclusion of the Inquiry
From the inquiry, which was done, it was clear that Excel Communication employees needed training and development empowerment and make them relevant to the company. The inquiry was successful in establishing the needs of employees before launching the training program.
The inquiries were also paramount in assessing the cost of the training by determining the required facilities and resources, which were needed in order to achieve the set targets of the program. The inquiry also helped in setting goals that would be vital in future employee training and development programs.
It is important to note that data was collected to ascertain the needs of employees of Excel Communication Company. The data mainly focused on how employees view training and development of their skills. More than 80% percent of employees believed in continuous training programs as a way of sharpening their skills. However, about 20% argued that they needed minimal training since they had professional skills and knowledge, required to perform assigned duties by the company management.
The data also revealed that the company had organized training programs before, even though they had not delivered quantifiable results. The data also included the company’s training program and its view towards nurturing talents through employee-training, as illustrated below:
With regards to perforamce, 80% of the employees agreed that their output was directly related to training as shown below:
First topic for investigation During the investigation, two topics were considered. This segment analyzes the first topic, which was based on the need for staff training and development. This topic was important in establishing reasons why companies like Excel Communication require training programs for their employees. According to the investigation, training was essential in augmenting the efficiency of workers through different various spheres of wholesomeness, including, social, intellectual and physical.
Knowledge refers to important ability, skills and, and information that is required by employees of a given company to allow them to perform their roles effectively, with the aim of promoting the overall performance of the firm (Adegoke, 2011). While this is the case, it was also found that training and development was crucial, since employees played a major role in determining the company’s performance.
On the other hand, employee development ensures that current skills are refined as new ones are also acquired for the purpose of promoting the productivity of a company. This is also accompanied with proper planning activities, which are career-oriented. Moreover, employees need mastery skills in order to attend to assigned duties successfully without difficulty or errors. Whilst these skills are important, workers also need professional development skills, which do not necessarily fall within the job description of an employee.
These skills are important because they play a role in improving the efficiency of an individual, even though the impact may not directly be related to a person’s career, but may enhance the improvement of acquired skills for better results. Importantly, companies ought to underscore the fact that career development is a continuous process, which can only be well-implemented through managerial support and the realignment of performance goals and activities.
This is based on the fact that managers are usually better placed to offer guidance derived from observations and feedback obtained through performance analysis (Adegoke, 2011). As a result, formal training is paramount in imparting employees with new information for the sake of improving the performance of a company.
Nevertheless, old employees equally need new skills even though they may possess competitive knowledge and skills in performing their tasks. Based on this understanding, it is the role of the human resource management to implement training and development programs, and support them in order to realize pinnacle performance.
From the investigation, most companies carry out training and development of their employees because of various reasons. For instance, employee training occurs when new workers have been employed to join the labor force of a given company (Carsen, 2005). Besides this, continuous development of employees occurs even when employees have professional skills to perform their tasks.
These approaches play a crucial role in equipping employees with relevant skills and in sharpening existing ones in order to promote excellent performance. It therefore follows that every company may adopt a unique training process, depending on the needs of its labor force at a given time.
When new employees are hired, it is essential to train them, regardless of their professional qualifications and abilities. This usually takes different formats, depending on the structures and procedures followed by an individual company. Training at this point allows new workers to witness how certain tasks are done in a different environment (Olaniyan
Vagueness and Ambiguity in Language Analytical Essay college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Existence of Ambiguity
Types of Ambiguity
Impeding Knowledge Acquisition and Helping to Acquire It
Introduction There is no secret that communicating without the instances of misunderstanding is hardly possible. Because of the numerous meanings which words have, the ambiguity of sentences when they are structured in a certain way, the existence of homonyms, homographs and homophones, etc., the communication process becomes rather hard.
Analyzed on too many levels, starting from the phonetic one (e.g., “kneed” and “need”) to the point of one considering the speech a metaphor (e.g., “The tiger was stuffed” meaning either that the tiger was hunted, killed and turned into a stuffed animal, or that the tiger had eaten much), the English language will never shake all the vagueness and ambiguity off, which makes the communication process all the more engaging.
Existence of Ambiguity It is important to mention first that the question concerning the existence of a linguistic ambiguity still remains open. Indeed, if considering the problem from the viewpoint of language skills, one can possibly come to the conclusion that language ambiguity is the result of one’s inability to use language tools properly (e.g., confusing “nose” and “knows” in such a sentence as “Only Gerald knows”).
At first it might seem that the given argument is rather legitimate – one is most likely to meet a lot of problems when communicating with the help of a poorly learned language. However, there are sufficient proofs of the fact that language ambiguity exists (e.g., when the sentence “Panda eats shoots and leaves” is pronounced, one can understand the meaning as “Panda eats, shoots and leaves,” adding an extra comma to the sentence).
Moreover, there is a considerable amount of evidence to prove the aforementioned fact. As Piantadosi, Tili and Gibson explain, “Out of context, words have multiple senses and syntactic categories, requiring listeners to determine which meaning and part of speech was intended” (Piantadosi, Tili and Gibson 1). Therefore, “The fact that ambiguity occurs on so many linguistic levels suggests that a far-reaching principle is needed to explain its origins and persistence” (Piantadosi, Tili and Gibson 1).
Types of Ambiguity Before going any further, it is necessary to mention the existing types of linguistic ambiguity. Despite the variety of ambiguities which a single sentence can produce, there are only four main types of a linguistic ambiguity, according to what Chapman’s research says (Chapman 21).
As it has been previously stated, there is a phonological ambiguity (bite – byte), the lexical one (“lands” as spaces vs. “lands” as a third person singular for “to land”), and two syntactic types of ambiguity (the one with verbs in finite forms, e.g., “He took a picture of them smiling”, in which it is not clear who was smiling, and the one in which the noun is derived from a verb, where it is not clear whether the action or the emotion/sensation is described e.g. “The taste of the dish”).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Impeding Knowledge Acquisition and Helping to Acquire It It is also important to keep in mind that ambiguity can not only impede knowledge, but also contribute to its acquisition. To demonstrate the possibility of the latter, the following situation should be considered. For example, when saying, ‘The night was young,’ one creates a lexical ambiguity which impedes knowledge, since it can be heard and interpreted as ‘It has just got dark’ and ‘The knight was young,’ i.e., ‘the warrior was young’.
Thus, one can get incorrect information and fail to understand the rest of the story, thinking that it is supposed to be about knights, kings and Middle Ages. However, if one considers the ambiguous word as a time context, one will be able to learn specific information.
Conclusion Hence, it can be considered that ambiguity is unavoidable. Once the lexical ambiguity is out of the way, the phonetic on can easily intrude the communication process. Finally, a certain phrase taken out of a context can be understood as a metaphor, which will also lead to a misunderstanding (Chapman 22). However, changing the sentence structure or picking a different word can easily fix the problem.
Works Cited Chapman, Antony G. Humor and Laughter: Theory, Research and Applications. Piscataway NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2007. Print.
Piantadosi, Steven, Harry Tili and Edward Gibson n. d. The Communicative Function of Ambiguity in Language. PDF file. 4 January 2012. Web.
The initial post must include responses to all the questions in both case studies. Mr. X, age 57, presented to his physician with marked fatigue, nausea with occasional diarrhea, and a sore, swollen t essay help
Mr. X, age 57, presented to his physician with marked fatigue, nausea with occasional diarrhea, and a sore, swollen tongue. Lately he also has been experiencing a tingling feeling in his toes and a feeling of clumsiness. Microscopic examination of a blood sample indicated a reduced number of erythrocytes, many of which are megaloblasts, and a reduced number of leukocytes, including many large, hypersegmented cells. Hemoglobin and serum levels of vitamin B12 were below normal. Additional tests confirm pernicious anemia.
Relate the pathophysiology of pernicious anemia to the manifestations listed above.
Discuss how the gastric abnormalities contribute to vitamin B12 and iron deficiency and how vitamin B12 deficiency causes complications associated with pernicious anemia.
Discuss other tests that could be performed to diagnose this type of anemia.
Discuss the treatment available and the limitations.
Ms. L, a 19-year-old woman with no previous medical history, was involved in a serious automobile accident in which her best friend died. Examination by EMT personnel first on the scene revealed she had only minor scrapes and bruises and no sign of head trauma. While en route by ambulance to the hospital, Ms. L complained of thirst and appeared restless. Further examination indicated a rapid pulse and respirations, with her blood pressure now at 100/60 mm Hg. She appeared less responsive to the paramedics. She was slipping into circulatory shock as they checked her again for internal injuries.
Discuss the contributing factors to shock in this case and the pathophysiologic changes causing the changes in vital signs.
Discuss the signs and symptoms of shock, including the rationale for each, as seen in the early stage, and as compensation mechanisms respond.
Discuss emergency and follow-up treatment for shock and for complications that may arise if not treated quickly.
Compare the types of shock, giving a specific cause, classification, and any significant changes in onset or manifestations.
How May Disagreement Aid the Pursuit of Knowledge? Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
How may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge? The development of this answer can come with different answers having different examples to support your evaluation. However, the first thing that this paper requires is to have a concise definition of disagreement.
I define disagreement as a state of opposition or contrast between two persons, opinions, or interests. It created a contradicting opinion to what another person says while reinforcing personal beliefs and opinions regarding an issue (Sethi and Muhamet 57-95).
However, many regards of disagreement focuses on it to be negative in relation to the experiences of our world because it may contribute to wars or political issues.
The global population as a should perhaps think disagreement as a positive aspect because from the start of the human population, the world has incredibly modernized thanks to disagreement between people or ideas, which brought more concise thoughts that then led to more global knowledge. It means that people need to have some degree of disagreement for them to develop a capacity of reaching consensus on issues that are capable of contributing to positive worth.
In fact, we can arrive to the conclusion that nothing would have improved in our world if humans agreed on everything since the start. Disagreement occurs when presenting two or more options. Having different ideas will then lead to choosing one of them, and to choose one of them we need to have a sort of conclusion that may be achieved by having a more detailed reasoning and also having a reasoning to explain why the other options are wrong.
Disagreements only mean that there is another approach to an issue other than what the other party considers and that leaves room for negotiation to reach an agreement. However, it is never possible to reach agreements on all occasions of disagreement but people can always make compromise if peace should prevail.
I planned to have examples on women that would still be discriminated by men, Africans that would still be in chains, and the discovery of the continents like America or Australia. For the scientific part, instead, I wanted to talk in economy about new classical view and Keynesian view, and for sciences, I do not have any ideas the only thing that I wanted to take, as an example is something in physics.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The rights of women have been an issue for a very long time. It has taken feminists a lot of activism to have the plight of women heard so that male chauvinists relieve them from that form of oppression. Of course, this is amidst of men who maintain a superior position above women and never have the heart of considering women as people of any worth. The disagreement about the rights of men and women is a very simple one but it keeps producing multiple instances of disagreements as evidenced in many cultures.
For example, one universal positioning of women has been in the kitchen. Many cultures though that women were not qualified for any intellectual prowess and the best place for them was to be in the kitchen, to take care of babies and to keep the home (Wojcieszak 206-225). The most ridiculous part of this was the probability of the woman’s duty as being taking care of men.
However, through feminist activism, such beliefs are no longer demeaning the capabilities of women, as it emerges that women have equal intellectual capabilities just as their male counterparts. That is positive disagreement and without disagreements, women would still belong to the kitchens instead of the taking up big intellectual and professional challenges like is the case currently.
Other cases of disagreements are in the slavery of Africans there were controversial decisions to make regarding slavery and freedom. Those against slavery had to disagree with those who encouraged slavery. The disagreement was on treatment of Africans fairly while those who enslaved them felt that they did not deserve such treatment. In fact, being that Africans provided cheap labor, letting go of them was not easy not mentioning treating them in equal scales as whites (Fernandez 439-452).
The discovery of the continental plates faced several disagreements as well. There were disagreements regarding the development of continents. The controversies over the formations and tectonic movements are discussed in many geological studies. Such disagreements occur because of the continued movement and arrangement of the plates leading to formations of new subduction zones.
Accretionary events also produced new features such as highlands and blocked seas making it necessary for the getting explanation of such developments. Evidently, it takes a lot of study, data collection and presentation of evidence for the resolution of such disagreements regarding tectonic history.
The technology field is the most challenging and it couples a number of disagreements, which have led to positive and negative impacts. It is worth recognizing the development of software as an area that produces disagreements on grounds of the ethical back up they may present as well as their practice. One possible aspect to consider is the development of viruses, which remains an aspect of controversy since its onset (Yang and Wang 608-612).
We will write a custom Essay on How May Disagreement Aid the Pursuit of Knowledge? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are also economics disagreements such as on the classical views of the Keynesian and the new classical views. These are examples in which economic problems viewed in either of the approaches seems to be the best format for resolution.
However, in the dropping of the old classical notions, the acceptance of the Keynesian concept brought an optimistic look into the practice and approach of economic implementation of strategic practices (Sethi and Muhamet 57-95). It was the onset of issues of transparency in sectors such as banks for the promotion of stability in markets and improvement in practice other than the former privacy, which promoted a series of lack of credibility in the economical fields.
It is through fundamental disagreements on issues that economists find better ways of tackling issues of inflation in the global arena. Any feasibility constraints by the former regime must be legally tackled to create macroeconomic performance changes appropriate for the development of effective monetary policies for the reconciliation of any discords.
Each side of a disagreement holds an argument they believe to be true and the other side always disagrees. Therefore, depending on a disagreement, something positive or negative can be the result (Woerkom and Karin 139-149).
Disagreements led to discovering of continents like America or Australia and to many other discoveries holding the truths about the history of the world. There are also scientific discoveries, which resulted from initial disagreements on concepts and there it always the need for understanding the development of knowledge from disagreements.
It is through disagreements that people take deeper insights onto issues. These insights form the basis of arguing points disagreed upon and developing of agreements. These maybe positive or negative, but have produced some reckonable historical, scientific and economic positives (Yang and Wang 608-612).
Works Cited Fernandez, A. (2012). Future(s) of American Legal History. University Of Toronto Law Journal, 62(3), 439-452. Academic Search Complete. Web.
Sethi, Rajiv, and Muhamet Yildiz. “Public Disagreement.” American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 4.3 (2012): 57-95. EconLit with Full Text. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How May Disagreement Aid the Pursuit of Knowledge? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Woerkom, Marianne, and Karin Sanders. “The Romance Of Learning From Disagreement. The Effect Of Cohesiveness And Disagreement On Knowledge Sharing Behavior And Individual Performance Within Teams.” Journal Of Business
Procrastination and Time Management Essay best college essay help
Time management is a college-success strategy and a life success skill Normally, individuals and groups have had the perception that time management is merely a success strategy in college. However, the notion is quite misleading. Time is key factor that determines and fosters the achievement of our career objectives and long life goals.
While in college, proper time management helps students to balance between studies, class schedules, extracurricular activities, jobs, and personal life. This does not imply that effective time management is merely a success strategy in college. In fact, in life there are various activities that an individual would want to accomplish within a given time period.
In case the available time is not properly allocated to all activities to be achieved within a given period, then the available time will not be allocated to the correct event. Thus, there will be overlaps and postponement of activities that are supposed to be achieved within a given time.
Just like proper time management helps college students to be successful, in life the skill is important in determining how every minute could be better used. This implies that time management skills assist individuals to prioritize activities to be accomplished, plan properly, and focus on each activity that is supposed to be achieved or finished within a given period. Hence, in life, time still appears as a scarce resource that calls for effective management.
The causes of procrastination and how procrastination can be prevented Procrastination is the tendency to defer, postpone, or suspend an activity that can be done now to a future date. Procrastination usually results into a tendency given that when new tasks are deferred they become stressful to accomplish on time. Procrastinating behaviors normally result from the availability of time to complete a project or if the task appears too difficult to accomplish. However, the causes of procrastination can be grouped in to three categories according to Knaus William and Ellis Albert.
First, procrastination may result from the hostile feelings towards classmates, workmates, managers, or tutors and it can make an individual postpone the assignments.
Secondly, low frustration tolerance may make an individual to stop working on an assignment and set it aside prior to completing it. Finally, procrastinating behaviours may result from self-downing. This occurs when students have feelings that a project is difficult to accomplish effectively based on the stipulated time.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are numerous ways of preventing procrastination. These include mixing boring, challenging, and enjoyable activities; sparing time for the unanticipated events; effective and wise utilization of the free time; rewarding oneself after completing a given project on time; allocating time for socialization, relaxation, and exercise, as well as setting realistic and attainable goals.
Besides, procrastination may be prevented through breaking larger projects into units, avoiding overworking yourself, creating conducive environment for work, and accomplishing the assignments when the morale is still high.
Why college students have difficulties managing time Time management skills are important to all college students, but such students usually find it difficult managing their time. First, given that, there are numerous college activities to be carried out within a given period, college student find themselves wasting a lot of time because they prefer management by crises. For instance, college students are prone to living from drama to drama, crises to crises, and from minute to minute.
Secondly, college students are fond of wishful thinking and this makes them lack actual worked out plans or inadequate plans. Besides, college students have poor communication strategies, which make them assume that each person encounters similar time constraints, scheduling, as well as the assumption that everybody understands their interests and time requirements.
Conversely, the inability to turn down certain suggestions when it is necessary coupled with leaving some well-planned tasks unfinished because of excessive socialization have led to difficulties in managing college time. Such socializations increase the number of stop in visitors, telephone timeouts, and personal disorganization. When a college student’s life is in continuous disarray, the student will attempt to handle many tasks ones to an extent of being irritated and beset.
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and Health Cause and Effect Essay argumentative essay help
Of all the things that people take for granted, air would probably take the first prize. Despite the fact that without air, the life on the Earth would be impossible, the attitude towards air has been rather careless for considerably long time, which has led to a number of problems concerning air ecology in the present-day world.
One of the issues on the agenda is the quality of indoor air, the factors that influence it and the means to improve the indoor air quality, or IAQ. Because of a range of negative factors, both human-induced and natural, the average index of indoor air quality is rapidly decreasing, which can lead to a number of health issues and, therefore, requires certain actions.
Although a home accommodation is not typically used as storage of toxic waste, there are still a lot of indoor factors that make the IAQ worse. Among the most common pollutants, the ones that seem the most innocent or appear to be the least noticeable often take the first place. Outlining the key pollutants will bring one a step closer to understanding how to increase the IAQ.
The first pollutant to mention is animal hair. Cluttering the room, it creates perfect environment for more dust and bacteria. Dust mites, which have already been mentioned, serve as the place for bacteria growth and are also classified as pollutants. Weirdly enough, food comes in a close second, mostly because its particles also clutter the area. Another source of air pollution at home, chemicals have a rather deplorable result on the state of the IAQ.
While chemicals help cleaning the place, in a paradoxical way, they are also classified as strong allergens and, therefore, harm the indoor air considerably. However, banning chemicals from use as a means to clean home accommodation is not a way out either; according to the existing evidence, the pollen in carpets and upholstery that appear as a result of insufficient cleaning is also classified as an allergen and a factor that enhances IAQ deteriorate.
Likewise, tobacco, or even second-hand smoke, contributes to making the IAQ even worse, since the particles of tobacco soar in the air, cluttering the lungs of the dwellers. Damp basements, in their turn, spur the growth of mould and can be related to as rather hazardous phenomenon. Finally, such issues as CO and CO2 production, as well as radon radiation that are emitted from some of the materials that buildings are constructed from, should be mentioned.
Even though the hair-rising list of threats offered above is a fraction of the harsh reality, there are still some ways to handle the problem. First of all, the ecology of the environment must be improved; once the air is polluted outside, there is no way to make it cleaner inside the house. Then, certain methods of more efficient house cleaning must be adopted. Finally, it is necessary to enhance the awareness about the home accommodation ecology among people (Plushke 242).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Summary Unlike outdoor air quality, which is usually influenced largely by industries, large-scale air pollutants like plants and factories, and toxic waste, indoor air quality depends to a considerable extent on the attitude of the person who owns the apartment. Therefore, the awareness concerning the urban ecology and especially the ecology of home accommodations must be enhanced.
Meanwhile, the environmental issues must also be considered when improving the IAQ. To be more exact, more trees, which produce oxygen, must be grown so that people could enjoy high IAQ.
Works Cited Plushke, Peter. Indoor Air Pollution. Vol. 4. New York, NY: Springer, 2004. Print.
Race, Gender and Sexuality Essay best college essay help: best college essay help
Social construction is a common term used by sociologists to analyse the interactions between different social categories. Examples of social categories analyzed through social construction include sexuality, gender, and race. By social construction, we mean that some of the major notions mainly natural or biological are as a result of societal creation. For example, sexuality is influenced by society and not influenced by genetic disposition.
Sexuality, gender, and race are socially constructed because they are influenced by society. The reason is that in our social daily lives, multiple social categories interact thereby affecting our lives, behaviours, and beliefs. The objective of this essay is to analyse the article “Gender, sexuality, and ethnicity as the factors of club drug use among Asian Americans” on the basis of social construction.
The article written by Fazio, Joe-Laidler, Maloney and Hunt (2010) “examines the relationship between substance use and gender, sexuality, ethnicity, and nativity among 250 Asian American youths involved in the dance club/rave scene” (2).
Asian Americans are one of the minority groups in the U.S that are growing fast in spite of the institutional discrimination they receive because of their different ethnic backgrounds. This observation has been supported by the article where the authors note that their population is expected to increase to 9.2% by 2050 (Fazio, Joe-Laidler, Maloney and Hunt 2). The issue of drug use among Asian Americans is rarely discussed and there exists little literature on the same.
This is due to the fact that prevalence of drug use among the Asian Americans varies among the subgroups that tend to be more isolated. The issue of ethnicity as a social construct emerges in this case because of the multiple Asian subgroups which result in variations among individuals of Asian origin (Hunt, Moloney
Evolution of Photography: Trying to Seize the Moment Critical Essay essay help
Photography as an Art Form and as a Technology In his book A Concise History of Photography, Helmut Gernsheim takes the reader onto a time travel, explaining the origins of photography and telling about the opportunities that photography offers. It is rather unusual that, together with the history of photography, Gernsheim also considered the way the given art form has been treated since the day when people learned about it. According to the author, photography can be interpreted in two basic ways, namely, as an art form and as a technology.
It must be admitted that Gernsheim’s work offers a very clear and rather detailed explanation of the origins of photography. The author mentions the creator of photography, the prototypes of the modern cameras, starting from daguerreotypes, and mentions the people who contributed to the development of photography. Although Gernsheim handles the subject brilliantly and offers the readers an enticing journey into the history of photography, a couple of issues still must be mentioned.
Even though the author claims that he offers a concise history of photography, the book deals rather with the way people interpret the given phenomenon, calling it either art or technology. However, the given issue does not diminish the merits of the book in the slightest.
Impressions and Ideas: The Book as an Inspiration Gernsheim’s work offers a lot of food for thoughts. The author makes the readers see photography as a two-sided sword, i.e. both as an art form and as a technology. Moreover, Gernsheim challenges the readers to consider the art of photography through the lens of the modern ideas and figure out if with the availability of the necessary equipment photography has ceased to be art.
What is especially fascinating about Gernsheim’s work is that it describes in details every single stage of photography evolution, including the photography on glass, metal and paper. Gernsheim picks the most interesting facts about photography, making even the description of photography development process exciting.
Even though in the modern world, the art of photography has changed tremendously, and there are very few people who prefer dealing with positives and negatives instead of customizing the digital camera, the legacy of photography lives on. It must be admitted that in the course of photography development, people have changed their attitude towards the latter many times.
Giving a new kind of art rather cold shoulder at the very beginning of photography evolution, people treated it as a technology first, switching later on to the idea that photography is a kind of art.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Gernsheim, Helmut. A Concise History of Photography. Mineola, NY: Courier Dover Publications, 1986. Print.
Obama’s Speech on The Issue of Gun Control Rhetorical Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Appeal to Ethos
Rhetorical Strategy Used: Appeal Utilizing Ethos
Introduction “Obama on Gun Control” was a speech made by President Barack Obama to address the issue of gun control after the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School that left 20 children and 6 adults dead as a direct result of automatic weapons fire (Paulson, 1). The wording of the speech goes directly towards the issue of gun control and how the current state of laws limiting the sale and distribution of fire arms are insufficient to address issues related to firearms ending up in the wrong hands.
Presently, the U.S. has one of the highest rates of gun violence in the world with well over 9,000 deaths per year on average due to firearm related deaths (i.e. murders, suicides and accidental discharges). The sheer amount of deaths has created numerous debates surrounding the accessibility of firearms within the country and how more stringent measures need to be implemented in order to address such an issue.
Unfortunately, such measures have often been stalled due to numerous pundits citing the Second Amendment and the supposed need for firearms as a method of self-defense due to most criminals being armed. The speech “Obama on Gun Control” attempts to persuade people on the basis of ethos that stricter methods of gun control need to be implemented so as to reduce the amount of violence connected to firearms.
Appeal to Ethos The concept of ethos can be described as a form of guiding beliefs that are an inherent part of a community or nations character. It is used as guide that influences a person’s behavior to such an extent that by examining the ethos behind a culture you can determine how they will react based on a given situation.
It due to this that concepts behind any form of ethos must first be subjected to intense examination before it is shown to have been constructed under a proper ethical and moral framework. In the case of the speech “Obama on Gun Control”, it attempts to appeal to two particular aspects of the American ethos, namely: freedom and civil liberties.
The main point of the argument presented is that while American’s enjoy numerous freedoms and civil liberties as an inherent right (i.e. the right to bear arms) such rights must be tempered to a certain degree with discipline. The reason behind this is connected to the potential for abuse and how such actions could have a resoundingly negative impact on others within society.
Rhetorical Strategy Used: Appeal Utilizing Ethos What must be understood is that Ethos can also refer to the way in which a person portrays themselves in an argument, in a sense that it is a method in which persuaders present an “image” to people that they are attempting to persuade. This particular “image” refers to a persuader’s “character” in the sense that a person is attempting to persuade another person of the righteousness of their statements based on their inherent character.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In the case of the speech “Obama on Gun Control” this takes the form of the President attempting to convince the American public of the righteousness of his cause on the basis of the image that he is portraying, namely, as an individual in power that understands the problem with gun control who has also actively attempted to resolve such an issue.
It is this argument on the basis of a projected image that is a cause for concern since basing it on a person’s knowledge and experience alone does not justify the action itself.
For example, a person may argue for the righteousness of a cause on the basis of their knowledge of the event yet this attempt at persuasion may in itself be self-serving for the person that is attempting to persuade other individuals. This can be seen in the case of the President’s speech since prior to the events at Sandy Hook there has been no solid evidence that the he has actively attempted to resolve issues related to gun violence within the U.S.
Not only that, when examining several aspects of Obama’s speech it can clearly be seen that there are thinly veiled jabs to the current Republican majority Congress who, based on his speech, have not done enough or are even unwilling to act based on the actions of special interest groups (i.e. the gun lobbyists).
In the case of the President’s use of ethos, what must be understood is that it is “artifice”, meaning that is created, manufactured, made, constructed etc.
It can be considered a type of surface image which may in fact have an entirely fictitious relationship to what is actually true. For example, a teacher could show up in class one day wearing cowboy boots, a ten gallon hat and long sleeved t-shirt with a large image of a cactus on the front, the next day he can wear an average suit and tie while the day after that he could wear a Scottish kilt, bagpipes and one of those patterned hats.
The reason I mention this is due to the fact that despite the different outfits he wears the person and the ideas that are being presented have not changed at all however what is changed is the perception of the audience regarding the idea being presented.
We will write a custom Essay on Obama’s Speech on The Issue of Gun Control specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The same can be said for ethos wherein the method in which the idea is “packaged” drastically changes the perception of the audience towards accepting the idea itself or the validity of its statements. In the case of the speech and gun control it can be seen that when boiled down to its very essence it is merely a statement which says the following: “follow what I say when it comes to gun control”.
It is in the way that it is packaged and presented to the public that changes the perception of the public to the idea that is being presented. What the President did was appeal directly to the American public based on the fresh sympathy from the Sandy Hook incident and utilized the ethos of freedom and liberties that are tempered by discipline as the main crux of his argument.
However, what most people fail to realize was that the President did not have any true passion to address the issue of gun control prior to Sandy Hook as evidenced by his presidency that was more concerned with other issues related to health care, economic reform and various foreign policy isues. Thus, the passion and resolve showed in the speech can very likely be nothing more than a manufactured ethos meant to appeal to the public for the sake of a political victory.
Conclusion The speech “Obama on Gun Control” attempts to persuade people on the basis of ethos that stricter methods of gun control need to be implemented so as to reduce the amount of violence connected to firearms.
Overall, the speech can be considered as resoundingly effective in that it does not state that it would impinge on freedoms nor take them away, rather, it focuses on implementing more discipline so as to avoid tragedies such as what occurred at Sandy Hook.
As it was stated earlier, ethos is not something that is inherent but rather something that has been created and manufactured with a surface image in order to fulfill a particular purpose.
It is often utilized as a method of convincing people or justifying a particular set of actions and as such it is crafted in such a way so as to be convincing, believable and thus adaptable. For example when order someone to go into battle you do not tell them that the possibility of them dying is high rather you tell them to fight for national pride, democracy, freedom etc., even though the fact of the matter is that person will most likely die.
Such a process can clearly be seen in the case of President Obama and his speech wherein his use of ethos as a means of justifying his point of view is inextricably connected to the way in which he balances the concepts of freedoms and civil liberties with the tragedy that occurred at the elementary school.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Obama’s Speech on The Issue of Gun Control by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In a sense, the ethos utilized as an argumentative device by the president can be considered as a means of manipulating public perception regarding truth in such a way that it promotes a particular idea on the basis of the common good but in fact it was created in order to carry out a particular action (i.e. political victory against the Republicans).
Work Cited Paulson, Scott. ” Obama’s speech on gun control and gun violence in America.” Examiner.com. Examiner, 13 Jan 2013. Web.
Poverty Concerns in Today’s Society Research Paper college essay help: college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Societal View of Poverty
Impacts of academic knowledge on poverty
Introduction Poverty continues to molest and threaten the existence of the human race with each part of the world being affected though in different proportions. It remains a relevant topic in discussions with policies being implemented in different parts of the world to avert and control it.
Throughout the centuries, poverty has changed in the definition with Scrutton stating, “The concept of poverty is translated into policy through a more precise set of definitions and measures” (2011, p. 3). With the world increasingly becoming a global village as witnessed by developments in information sharing and communication, the concept of poverty has also been revised. The problems facing the poor in the last centuries are different from those in the current society.
Different concerns have therefore emerged. The measures traditionally taken have also changed. This research proposal does not focus on the change in contemporary measures of poverty control, but on the concerns. Specifically, it examines the topic of poverty as a contemporary social concern by discussing the possible measures that have resulted from globalization.
Societal View of Poverty According to Scrutton, the definition of poverty depends on the society in which an individual or a group of people exist (2011). Most of the definitions are related to the standards of living of individuals and the income generated to sustain oneself and his or her family units. The way of life of a community is pivotal in determining the level of poverty and its exact definition.
In the contemporary world, the definition of poverty is often made international by bodies such as the World Bank and the United Nations bodies with a hypothetical line being described for the various regions of the world. Surveys are conducted seasonally to establish the levels of poverty in various parts of the world to determine the success rate for the programs set aside for its mitigation (Scrutton, 2011).
International bodies, regional bodies, international governments, and social groupings have put different measures to eliminate poverty with goals being set up for each of the measures (Batchelor, 2011, p. 6). The advent of globalization and developments in information technology has also revolutionized the approach to poverty (Batchelor, 2011, p. 6).
Since poverty is a sensitive issue affecting millions of people in the world, governments have put up mechanisms of controlling social outrage that may emanate from the frustration it generates. Several concerns related to poverty in the society are essential to consider. They will best be discussed by the carrying of a literature review. The following therefore is a literature review on the contemporary concerns of global poverty.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Literature review A literature review is a good way of evaluating and discussing a research topic as it examines the body of knowledge that is already available on the same topic (WetFeet, 2003, p. 7). It also creates a room for the researcher to establish the need for research to answer questions that relate to the previous studies.
It is therefore appropriate to carry out a literature review on the contemporary concerns of poverty. In this research proposal, a number of articles discuss the effects that poverty has on the society based on a literature search that was conducted. In the results of the literature search, three articles were selected and discussed as being relevant to the topic under study.
The first article by Scrutton focuses on India and especially on the hunger strike by protesters and the role of social media (Scrutton, 2011). The story is about the hunger protest that has been going on in the country for some time with one of the famous protesters, Irom Sharmila, protesting for over ten years (Scrutton, 2011). Poverty is a cause of social unrest in various parts of the world with various revolutions taking part consequently as witnessed by political revolutions in the Middle East and Africa (Scrutton, 2011).
According to Scrutton, social media in India helped to rally some of the biggest protests in the country (2011). The explanation that was brought forward is that the poor are increasingly becoming vulnerable to any form of incitement because of unemployment and the large amount of free time that they can afford (Scrutton, 2011).
Over the years, India has witnessed a remarkably rapid economic growth, which has led to improved standards of living (Scrutton, 2011). However, the creation of large urban areas and cities has resulted to rural-urban migration of farmers in search of employment opportunities.
They have ended up being disappointed on reaching the prominent cities. This case has therefore created a contemporary form of poverty where the poor who were once able to provide for themselves and their families are increasingly being forced to seek alternative means of earning a living. One of the cases highlighted in the article is the breakdown in the social order that is because of the increased number of people dependent on handouts from well-wishers and governments (Scrutton, 2011).
According to Scrutton, the mass protests witnessed in the country were because of the contemporary avenues (the social media) that the poor in today’s society have found useful to address their grievances in a bid to make themselves heard (2011).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Poverty Concerns in Today’s Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One of the supporting statements is, “Twitter, Facebook, and aggressive private TV have helped to rally India’s biggest protests in decades to support civil activist Anna Hazare, a digital groundswell of a wired middle class that echoes the Arab Spring besides taking a Congress party-led government of elderly politicians by surprise” (Scrutton, 2011, p. 5).
The author then goes ahead to make a comparison of the economic situations in India and other Asian countries. He compares the effect that social media has had on the poor in the countries.
According to Zembylas and Vrasidas, one of the most prevalent social problems in the United States is poverty (2005, p. 17). The researchers estimated that the population that lived in poverty in the year 2002 was a significant proportion of the general population, which is 12.1% (Zembylas,
Mexican Public Schools Expository Essay argumentative essay help
The education system in Mexico is facing many challenges and is in urgent need for revision. For instance, classrooms are in bad condition and students have no mastery of content. In line with Holt, parents are not involved in the learning process as well as not engaged in a form of child-assistance procedure at home (72).
Teachers are clumsy, unskilled and incompetent; they make the process even worse. The main cause is that principals of these schools employ relatives or bribe their way into the system. In accordance with Ellingwood, poor performance is characterised by poor and corrupt management (3).
To demonstrate imperfection of the Mexican education system, a group called Mexicanos Primaro (Mexicans first) directed by Juan Carlos Rulto and Carlos Loret filmed a documentary titled “De Penzazo”, a slang for “barely passing”. The documentary was addressed to Mexican citizens and the government. they wanted the government to pay attention to its failing education system. As seen in the film, a girl at a public junior school was worried because of the teaching methods.
As quoted from the film, “I have been reading my guide for high school and there is a lot I do not know, she says” (Ellingwood 4). This clearly illustrates how students seek knowledge on their own barely understanding what they learn. The situation has caused parents sacrifice their hardly earned money and send their children to private graduate schools.
A more worrying fact is the number of hours Mexican students spend in school. According to a documentation “Mexico documentary points up sad state of public schools” by Los Angeles Times,on average, students attend school up to junior high and their average hours spent in school is half of the norm compared to other countries as South Korea. In addition to that, the article also stated that Mexico is among countries ranked high in public spending on education and there is nothing to show for it.
For instance, “De Penzazo” gathered information concerning an evaluation test compiled by, ‘an Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’, and Mexico took the last place in Mathematics, Reading and Science among 34 nations.“Half of the Mexican students flunked and more than a quarter barely passed, less than 1% scored “excellent”(Ellingwood 3).
The main contribution factor to poor education system in Mexico is a rapid growth of small public schools. For instance, at one place you can find three to four different junior schools and about four secondary schools and all in close range. These schools have different learning systems.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition, there are no playgrounds for co-curricular activities, and no decent modern facilities like laboratories, libraries or cafeteria for students to study and spend some spare time. Instead, the schools provide no condition for students to gain at least something and this happens not because of some missing places but also due to poor quality of education.
The Mexican government should take full control of the education system and invest in this sector rather than target all their effort to anti-drug war. Giving the youth a proper education and teaching them about effects of drug abuse in classrooms is more effective than street-based campaigns.
Mexicans are abusing drugs due to lack of proper education. Education is fundamental for a society and one shall understand that without a proper education, the future of the youth and country itself is at risk. Lack of competent teachers still results in the same effect. Investing in a child’s education is a lifelong investment. Mexican education system can still flourish and bring light to the Mexican people since hope is not completely lost.
Works Cited Ellingwooden, Ken. Mexico documentary points up sad state of public schools. Los Angeles Times. California: CA. 3 April. 2012.Print.
Holt, John. How children fail: Classics in Child Development. Da capo. Massachusetts: MA.1995. Print.
A Beautiful Mind Descriptive Essay essay help: essay help
Directed by Ron Howard in the year 2001, A Beautiful Mind is a chef-d’oeuvre film based on the life of Nobel Laureate in Economics, John Nash.
The film brings out the struggles that Nash encounters with his mental health. In the year 1948, Nash enrolls at Princeton University as a graduate student and immediately stands out from the others. Mostly, he keeps to himself, but in some occasions, he goes out with his classmates for drinks (Howard, 2001). Nash makes it his priority to find an original mathematical theorem.
His best friend while at Princeton is Charles Herman who doubles as his roommate. Later on, he works his way up the ladder to become a professor before taking Alicia as his wife in the same institution. With time, Nash becomes schizophrenic and thus as expected becomes disillusioned if not irrational. He retreats from the world, but in the 1970s, he gets back into the academics world and slowly returns to teaching and research. As fate would have it, John incredibly wins the 1994 coveted Nobel Prize in Economics (Howard, 2001).
The role of Nash as played by Russell Crowe, the protagonist in A Beautiful Mind film is to bring out the leading actor’s role in the film. He is the central character in the film and he ends up in conflict due to the struggles that he faces after being diagnosed with a mental disorder.
Nash’s role is to evoke intrigue and excitement coupled with many other emotions to the audience. Right from when he enters Princeton, his social life and determination to come up with a mathematical theorem, his falling in love and marrying Alicia, and finally his being a victim of a mental disorder, the audience is filled with different emotions.
At the beginning of the film, Nash stands out as a character full of ethics in that he lives a moral and virtuous life while in school, but later on after he marries Alicia, he puts his infant son in danger and knocks down Alicia together with the baby.
However, proponents of his ethical behavior would attribute this incidence to his mental disorder, schizophrenia (Howard, 2001). Overall, it is clear that his character is ethical and his shortcomings hinge on the fact that he suffered sudden illness, which he overcomes later.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In real life, the reality of the occurrences surrounding Nash is evident in the contemporary society. A person might be good at what he or she does and s/he might be living to his or her potential, but all over a sudden, s/he suffers from a disorder that pulls him or her behind and forces him/her to become inadequate since s/he has to rely on medication.
In addition, such people become dependants. Such people might even die and a good example is Steve Jobs of Apple Inc. who bowed to cancer. However, with good support from family and friends, one can pull through and go back to living a normal life again, like the case of Nash in the movie.
Against all odds, Alicia sticks with her sick husband even when the circumstances dictate otherwise. Later on, John luckily wins the confidence of the Princeton University where he secures the chance to work in the mathematics sector under the support of his former ally cum competitor, Dr. Hansen.
Reference Howard, R. (Executive Director). (2001). A Beautiful Mind. [DVD]. USA: Universal Pictures.
Personality Tests in the Field of Psychology Essay best college essay help
Personality tests are tests that are to determine some of the unique characteristics that a person possesses. This is because each and every person is unique in one way or the other and; therefore, these tests can establish this uniqueness through analyzing some personal attributes about a person.
Personal tests usually involve a series of questions with multiple options that a person can use as the answer and in most cases; there is no right or wrong answers. The personality test tested by the questions below aims at analyzing several unique traits about an individual.
These include the person’s preferred work environment, the nature of job they might be interested in, their emotional stability, and their capability to sit and reflect upon things. Other traits include their approach to life in terms of whether or not they are outgoing, their interests in philosophical debates, their approach to decision making, and their perception to strangers and other people in general (Personality Net).
This personality test is crucial as far as the field of psychology is concerned because psychology deals with analyzing human behavior in an effort to establish how individuals think, their emotional characteristics and how they might react to various situations.
For this reason, psychology has found application in many areas including, mental health analysis, career appraisal techniques and treatment of various conditions (Janda, 41). From the definition of psychology, it follows then that this test relates to psychology as it aims at analyzing certain characteristics about an individual.
This is in an effort to establish a link between an individual’s potential behavior including how they think, how they would react to certain situations, their perception of other people, their perception towards work, and many other aspects that are unique to an individual and form the basis of their behavior in certain situations (Personality Net).
When it comes to personality tests, the credibility of the tests is a key factor when determining their real life applications. Personality tests are credible if they meet certain threshold depending on the personality issues that they are attempting to test (Carter, 59).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of the aspects that can be used to analyse a test’s credibility include: whether or not the test has covered all the relevant areas of the person’s life that might influence their personality and the inclusiveness of the option accorded to the respondent. Another crucial aspect is if the test can apply the respondent’s response effectively for the purpose of analyzing their personalities (Carter, 62).
This test is credible since it seeks to establish a person’s behavior from various perspectives, and it is this multifaceted approach that affirms its credibility. Moreover, the test efficiently applies the use of the response given by the respondent for the purpose of analyzing their personalities.
Some of the strong points about the test is the fact that it applies the use of a significant number of questions in order to analyse a person’s personality, and this inclusiveness is an indispensable part of a personality test. In addition to that, the test’s questions touch on various aspects of a person’s life thus analyzing their personality from different angles.
The weak points of the test would perhaps be the fact that it does not offer a lot of options in terms of respondents’ responses and this limits its effectiveness. Furthermore, the test does not apply the use of any open ended questions in its analysis thus making it inflexible.
Works Cited Carter, Phillip. IQ and Personality Tests. New York: Kogan Page, 2007.
Janda, Louis. The Psychologist’s Book of Personality Tests. Boston: John Wiley
Decision Making by Managers under Uncertain Circumstances Application Essay essay help
The ability of a manager in an organization to make the right decision in different situations relies on him receiving the right information from the right staff. The team should give him information at an opportune moment. This is important especially if the company is facing an unstructured problem.
In such an environment, the manager gets little information about the problem while at the same time the availed information is ambiguous and as such not enough for use. Analyzing and predicting consumer behavior is a role that a manager has to do under such situations.
For instance, the organization would want to know how customers would behave in a situation where a product such as a pair of shoes is retailing at $ 499 and another at $ 510 with an incentive e.g. a tin of polish. In another scenario, a packet of chewing gum with four pieces sells at $ 6 and another with five pieces goes for $10. Predicting the outcome is very hard making it the most difficult situation that a manager can face.
In this type of circumstance, a manager has to be creative and as such anchoring and adjustment heuristic becomes the right tool for use. Consumer behavior might be one characteristic behavior that may not be known to the stakeholders. However, the same directly affects them. Putting the anchoring effect into perspective will help the manager in getting a short method used by consumers in arriving at decisions.
Decision making can be defined as making the right choice from a list of several alternatives. For example if I was a manager of a retail store I will choose the option that is bound to maximize profit while at the same time providing a feeling of satisfaction to the shop’s customers.
My choice would be based on my comprehension of the market dynamics, contemplation of the probable outcomes, and the preference I accord to each outcome. Decisions are taken to solve problems. On the other hand, problem solving can be defined as the attempt made in response to or an attempt to find an answer to a particular problem. Suppose as a manager I realize that a competitor is running a similar marketing strategy to the one employed in my organization, and I have two options either to change the strategy or continue with it.
Changing of the strategy would involve consuming a lot of resources. The best thing to do would be to evaluate the performance of the marketing strategy; if it is beneficial to the company it would be advisable to retain it rather than initiating a new strategy that would take time to be accepted by the customers hence offering an advantage to our competitors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several approaches that managers use to make decision during periods of uncertainty and some of them include rational, behavioral, practical and personal approaches. The rational approach makes assumptions that as managers we follow predetermined processes in problem solving.
On the other hand, the behavioral approach recognizes the significance of the role discharged by human behavior in decision making processes. The assumption is made that manager operate under bounded rationality and perfect rationality as assumed by the rational approach. Regardless of the approach we use when making critical decisions during times of uncertainty, the main objective and goal is to make the most appropriate decision that would solve the problem at hand.
The Religious Principles of Regulating the Social Life Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Religion as the social phenomenon is closely associated with all the spheres of the public’s life within the society, including politics and economy. Religion is connected with politics in relation to regulating the public’s life with references to the religious principles as doctrines. On the one hand, politicians often use religion to support their position, intensify their impact, and provide the necessary social changes basing on the idea of justice from the religious perspective.
On the other hand, religious visions adopted and developed within the definite society can influence politics and approaches used by authorities to overcome political issues. In spite of the fact the religious and political principles to regulate the social life are different, both the religious and political systems develop within the definite society, and this fact explains the relationship between religion and politics.
At first sight, politics is based on the idea of secularization as one of the main characteristic features of the modern society. That is why, the religious principles can be discussed as opposite to the development of the political system. Nevertheless, there are certain theocratic states where the political system depends on religion. Thus, the question can be discussed from many perspectives, and the connection of religion and politics is rather obvious.
However, religion can be used as the supportive factor to contribute to the political growth or as the opposition to the political regime in the state (Johnstone, 2007). Although the relationship between religion and politics can be based on positive or negative background, it is impossible to reject the impact of religion on politics. Religion and politics are only partially separated and can affect each other significantly.
The separation of religion and politics with references to the question of secularization is one of the most discussed issues in the sphere of the contemporary sociology. According to Johnstone, religion and politics should be discussed as connected social institutions which include subgroups within the same society; they are based on the similar norms, and as a result, interact with each another involving the same people (Johnstone, 2007, p. 150-154).
Moreover, religion follows those sociological principles and laws which are directly associated with the sphere of politics. In addition, religion affects politics providing the possibilities for forming the sustainable development, basing on the religious principles and norms.
Religion is the effective tool to control the social life with the help of the religious norms and rules used in the definite society. Following the religious rules, people are more inclined to refer to strict social norms and laws developed within the society. From this point, religion can affect politics positively, contributing to the development of the definite political system in spite of the tendencies to discuss secularization as the factor of the social determination and evolution (Putnam
Polygamy in America: Between Society, Law, and Gender Research Paper argumentative essay help
Introduction This paper evaluates how gender, legal, and societal issues inform the polygamy debate in America. Broadly, this paper subdivides into five chapters. The first chapter discusses polygamy in the Mormon society. This chapter evaluates the history of the Mormons and the role of fundamental Mormons in promoting polygamy in America.
The second chapter discusses the changes in societal views about polygamy. Here, this chapter explores the old and new society views about polygamy. This paper explores the judicial views about polygamy in the third chapter. The judicial background of polygamy, contradictions in the application of polygamy laws, and the legal position towards fundamental Mormon polygamous unions comprise the main sections of this chapter.
Lastly, this paper analyzes gender and the conception of culture in the fourth chapter. Comprehensively, in the “conclusion” section, this paper suggests that the unchanged religious and gender concerns surrounding polygamy inform America’s unchanged legal position towards polygamy. In this regard, the government needs to address the gender, religious, and cultural issues surrounding polygamy to find a lasting solution to the polygamy dilemma in America.
Polygamy and the Mormon Society “An estimated 30,000 to 50,000 people live a polygamist lifestyle in the US,” (Anderson, 2010, p. 1). The American population practicing polygamy traces its roots to early settlers in North America who married two or more wives. Native Americans and European mountain men are among the first people in America to practice polygamy.
Historical excerpts also show that Scots-Irish men and some Welsh immigrants also practiced polygamy before the 20th century (while others continued to practice the same union after the civil war) (Anderson, 2010, p. 1). Alexandre (2007) also says that some Muslim societies living in America practice polygamy discreetly.
Many societies around the world practice polygamy in great proportions, but the US, perceives this practice to be culturally unacceptable. It is therefore unsurprising that the American legal system does not acknowledge this form of union. The recent arrest and prosecution of Polygamist, Jeff Warren, is an example of the position that America’s legal system has taken towards polygamy (Anderson, 2010).
According to Warren’s supporters, the American law discriminates against polygamists because there is more to polygamy than the law considers. In their defense, their way of life is not any different from other typical American families.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Legally, people have debated polygamy at the highest levels of the US justice system, including the Supreme Court and various state courts. However, no progressive legal support for polygamy has emerged from these debates. In few words, there have been many shocking revelations about polygamy in America and its continuation (within some communities), despite its legal prohibitions. In fact, people think about polygamous isolated communities and the marriage of underage girls (as brides) whenever they think of polygamy in the US.
There are a few isolated calls to stop America’s laws that prohibit polygamy because advocates of polygamy believe it is time that America accepts that people have a right to choose whether to be polygamous, or not (Anderson, 2010). Joe Darger, (the head of a polygamous family in America) recently said that, “For change to be effective, people must be willing to stand for a principle of what is correct, even if that is uncomfortable for society as a whole” (Sawyer, 2012, p. 2).
Supporters of this view explain that polygamous families in America are not different from other American families, and in a country, that supports liberalization, it is barbaric for the state to order how people should live their lives because people should have the right to pursue their versions of the “good life”.
In this respect, Joe Darger adds that, “We are law abiding citizens in every other way. I am in a felonious relationship and that is a decision that we made and we have to explain” (Sawyer, 2012, p. 3).
Polygamy in America raises some very interesting legal dilemmas because unlike other civil or criminal offenses, polygamists practice it informally. Except for the few cases cited above, it has been extremely difficult for law enforcement officers to follow polygamists because state laws do not recognize this marriage.
It is therefore difficult to prove that polygamists are indeed married to multiple partners. Without such real evidence, polygamists are only punishable under the laws of adultery and unlawful cohabitation (Sawyer, 2012). Nonetheless, the government rarely enforces the laws against prohibited cohabitation in America because its enforcement would criminalize other forms of cohabitations, which are socially accepted.
In fact, the mere fact that polygamous relationships resemble other socially sanctioned arrangements poses the question why it the government considers polygamous unions to be unlawful, while other socially sanctioned arrangements (involving unlawful cohabitation) are accepted by the society. In this respect, polygamy is often difficult to prosecute in America.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Polygamy in America: Between Society, Law, and Gender specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The 1953 Arizona raid into a polygamous community in Arizona is an example of the difficulties witnessed in practicing polygamy. Except for four people who were confirmed to be strangers (to the community), everybody in the community was imprisoned and the children taken under the custody of the state. Later, a judge termed this raid unlawful and the government returned all the community inhabitants to their initial residences.
Sawyer (2012) estimates that the community now includes about 10,000 inhabitants. The legal and social defenses that are applicable to polygamy creates several dilemmas when comprehending how the state and the society view polygamy.
One argument that has been advanced by proponents of the practice lie in the acceptability of other “illegal unions” like same-sex marriages, while polygamy has remained unlawful for centuries (Sawyer, 2012). Certainly, same sex marriages have been legalized in many American states (California, Iowa, Massachusetts, and New York among others), while polygamy has remained illegal in these states.
In fact, more states in America are considering legalizing same sex marriages (like Washington and Maryland). This inconsistency poses the question regarding how polygamy differs with other socially “unacceptable” practices that the society considered illegal and even unnatural. Recently, America’s president, Barrack Obama, supported same sex marriages. However, there has been minimal political interest in polygamy.
Indeed, despite the continual changes in societal perceptions and attitudes about various unions between men and women, there have been no significant legal changes to the legislative provisions characterizing polygamy.
This thesis seeks to understand why polygamy has always remained at the margin of social advancements in the American society, and as will be seen in the research aims of this chapter, this chapter provides an explanation regarding whether the prohibition of polygamy infringes on individual liberties and freedoms, or not. However, this chapter first indulges into the complications of America’s most known polygamists – the Mormons.
Mormon History The history of the Mormon Church traces to the 19th century (when Mormonism started). At its beginning, the Mormon Church started as a small group of followers. Joseph Smith (who many people accredit to be the first prophet of the church) first started the Mormon faith. Sometimes, people know the Mormon Church as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Walker, 2001). This faith grew in western New York (where many scholars believe that the church’s founder, Joseph Smith, grew).
When revelations arose that Smith differed with many conventional Christian ideologies, the society persecuted many Mormon followers. This development led them to move to Ohio. Afterwards, historians reported that they moved into Missouri, but subsequent developments saw them move to Illinois (Nauvoo), where they developed a large Mormon establishment.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Polygamy in America: Between Society, Law, and Gender by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More During the 1800s, there was growing public resentment towards the Mormons (because they practiced polygamy) (Smith, 1903). From this resentment, public outrage saw the assassination of the Church’s founder. This assassination encouraged many Mormons to flee from their homelands into Utah.
The continuing controversy that the Mormon faith has attracted greatly characterizes the history and growth of Mormonism. The controversial teachings that were taught within the Mormon Church (and which contradicted conventional Christian doctrines) define the center of these controversies. The growth of the church traces to a period of the second revival where there was a widespread proliferation of religious faiths – a period that is sometimes known as the second awakening (Walker
Characteristics of a Good Leader Argumentative Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
What makes a good leader of a country? A leader can be defined as someone who leads others. According to Greer, “a leader can be someone who is in charge or commands others in an organization or a country” (30). Leadership cannot be based solely on an individual’s responsibility. It is important to add that a leader is not just about politics.
Thus, leaders can be found in every sector including sports, entertainment, and corporate sector among other areas. The argument about leadership focus on: what are the right qualities? What should the leaders do to strengthen these qualities? How are these qualities developed? This paper seeks to argue the qualities that ultimately define a good leader in a country.
To answer the question on what makes a good leader appropriate, it is important to acknowledge that traditional qualities that have defined a good leader such as aptitude, strength, determination, and vision are not sufficient in today’s world. In this changing world, a leader- in addition to the listed qualities- needs a high degree of emotional intelligence.
A look at history can reveal a number of highly skilled and intelligent leaders who took over leadership of their country only for them to perform dismally. Therefore, it can be concluded that finding the right leader is an art and science. Notably, “although leaders may share general qualities, each leader has a personal style of doing things. Some leaders are passive and analytical while others are very proactive and confrontational” (Daft and Lane 52).
Another important thing to acknowledge is that a leader, especially in a country or state, will often face different situations that will often require different approaches. While pursuing diplomacy, the leader will be required to be a sensitive negotiator; while consoling victims of a disaster, the leader will need to show empathy and comfort; when dealing with state enemies, the leader is needed to have a forceful authority.
The general conclusion, in my opinion, is that, to be leader, intelligence, hard work, and vision are important aspects to consider. However, even with all these, a leader should have the emotional intelligence to be successful and sustain the leadership status that is made possible by the primary characteristics listed.
There are various aspects of emotional intelligence that are critical to good leadership. According to Goleman, “they include self-awareness, enthusiasm and responsiveness. Others include group skills and self-regulation” (21). Researchers have carried out studies in the corporate world, and the results have shown that emotional intelligence is often what distinguishes the outstanding leader.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The first component I analyze is the aspect of self-awareness. This refers to the ability to have a deep understanding of one’s emotions, strengths, weaknesses, motivational factors. To be self aware means that one is honest with his or herself. It also implies that the individual is neither critical of others nor unrealistic.
Further, individuals who are self aware can predict how different emotions will affect them and the performance of their work. For example, a leader who has self awareness may know that interviews with the press often make him or her nervous. Therefore, it is prudent to avoid such interviews and choose other methods of communication.
The same self awareness can be applied when it comes to ideals and values in which an individual believes. It has often been said that a leader who does not believe in anything will fall for anything. Therefore, the leader with self-awareness will be able to turn down an investor’s request to set up a big industry in the country if that investment will hurt the environment.
Weak leaders who lack self awareness will accept to do something, but after two or three years down the line, they will rescind their decision. It can be noted that people who have self awareness are coherent and articulate. They are able to speak openly and precisely tackle the areas they are addressing. They are also able to describe themselves accurately (Northouse 154).
The other component of emotional intelligence is self regulation. From the onset, it is important to acknowledge that emotions are part human life. Although humans cannot do away with emotions, it is possible to control and manage them.
Self regulation is the ability to manage and control one’s feelings in order to make one free from distractions. In this case, individuals should also be able to direct these feelings to a useful channel. For example, a leader may witness a shambolic presentation by members of his cabinet to a key investor.
With the disappointment, the leader may feel the urge to kick a chair or bang the table which will bring a negative side of him to the investors. Therefore, self-regulation is the ability to apologize to the investor and carefully select the words that will authoritatively, yet humbly explain to the members of the cabinet the areas that will need to be corrected. Another example is when the leader of a country faces a threat of attack from another country.
We will write a custom Essay on Characteristics of a Good Leader specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In such a delicate matter, one wrong move can cost the country in many ways. However, if the leader maintains calmness, does not panic, and can prepare the relevant stakeholders to deal with the problem, then the effect is different, and the damage can be controlled.
Self-regulation is also a strong pillar of integrity. Thornton noted, “on many occasions, people with integrity are often caught in decisions that lack integrity” (p.13). Although such leaders have integrity, they lack self-regulation, which often enhances integrity. An example is a leader who is faced with a crisis and has no solution for the crisis.
In the heat of things, the leaders may decide to apply a solution that is outside the law. Thus, although the action may have been intended to help the country, lack of self regulation may lead the leader to undermine his own integrity. The third aspect of emotional intelligence is motivation. It is almost an unwritten rule that a good leader should have motivation. In this context, motivation refers to the urge to achieve.
A motivated leader is one who is never contented with the status quo. They are always striving to do better things and doing them differently. Such leaders often raise the performance bar, and they keep track of the scores. In this case, a good example is Thomas Sankara, the slain leader of Burkina Faso from Africa. Sankara became the leader of Burkina Faso at a time when the country was reliant on donor funds.
Uncomfortable, with the status quo, he led his countrymen on an overdrive to practice farming to a level that had hitherto been unseen. The country was for the first time able to feed all its population without the aid from foreign countries. The same leader introduced a government policy requiring all top government officials to stop the usage of the extravagant Mercedes Benzes. Instead, government officials were encouraged to use the modest Volkswagen vehicles so as to save money for increment of teacher’s salaries.
The fourth component of emotional integrity is empathy. The uniqueness of this component is that, unlike the aforementioned components, this component is very easy to identify and recognize. However, the modern world will rarely reward a leader in business or politics on account of empathy. In this case, the conventional understanding of empathy is to be able to take other peoples’ feelings and give them priority as if they were one’s own.
In this context, empathy refers to the ability of the leader to consider the interests of all stakeholders when making decisions. The last component is the idea of social skills. The two components are related as they are concerned with the ability to establish meaningful relationships with other people. A leader is always leading and managing people. Thus, a good leader should be able to get along with these people.
From the discussion, it is clear that, to lead a country, a great team is what will deliver great leadership. However, in every country, there is a leader. Some are led by a monarch, others by dictators, or others like the United States by a democratically elected leader. In monarchs and dictatorships, leaderships will tend to be highly concentrated around an individual.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Characteristics of a Good Leader by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, democracies allow power to be decentralized to other institutions like the parliament, judiciary and the executive. The common denominator is that, whether the power is decentralized or centralized, the leader or leaders of the country need to possess certain qualities to lead the country effectively. The argument put forward is that, apart from the conventional qualities, a good leader of a country should possess the quality of emotional intelligence.
Works Cited Daft, Richard, and Patricia Lane. The Leadership Experience. Mason, OH: Thomson/South-Western, 2008. Print.
Goleman, Daniel. Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ. London: Bloomsbury, 1996. Print.
Greer, Eddie. “Dare To Lead: Continuous Learning Creates The Best Leaders.” Professional Safety, 56.6 (2011): 30-31. Print.
Northouse, Peter. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2010. Print.
Thornton, Grant. What makes a good leader? 2008. Web. www.grant-thornton.co.uk/pdf/20-leadership-report.pdf
The Stylistic Features of Historical Dress and Their Contemporary Adaptations Definition Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
The Roman Dress: Roman Stola for Women
Picture 1 Picture 2 The Medieval Cloak
Picture 3 Picture 4 The 16th Century Men’s Dress: Breeches
Picture 5 Picture 6 The 17th Century Women’s Accessory: The Lace Collar
Picture 7 Picture 8 List of Pictures
Picture 1. The statue of Livia wearing the Roman Stola (“Introduction to Ancient Rome”).
Picture 2. The model of a contemporary dress by Stephan Pelger (“Stephan Pelger: Long Dress”).
Picture 3. The painting by Hubert van Eyck The Three Marys at the Tomb, the figures depicted are wearing cloaks (“Hubert van Eyck: The Three Marys at the Tomb”).
Picture 4. An actress wearing a dress and a cloak (“Dressing Vogue”).
Picture 5. King Edward VI wearing breeches as the element of dress (“The Costume Manifesto”).
Picture 6. Modern breeches for horsemen (“Horse Stack”).
Picture 7. The portrait of Frances Howard by Marcus Gheeraerts wearing the dress with a lace collar (“Rate the Dress”).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Picture 8. The modern model of a lace collar (“Rialto Lace Collar Finished”).
Justification Statement. The Roman Dress: Roman Stola for Women
The stola is a typical dress for women during the Roman period. The form of the stola as the pleated dress is similar to the form of the contemporary dress with a lot of drapery elements. The Roman stola can be discussed as a traditional ankle-length dress which can be designed with sleeves or without them (Tortora and Eubank).
The contemporary adaptation presented in the picture is the model of a long dress by Stephan Pelger which resembles the stola in the manner to drape the cloth. Today, there are many variants of long dresses for women, but not all of them can be designed as the stola. Thus, the key particular feature of the stola is the usage of much cloth which is virtuously draped and fixed with the help of a fibula. The contemporary variant of the stola is based on the usage of several pieces of fabric to drape them as the pleated dress.
It is important to note that only noble women and women with a good social reputation could wear the stola during the Roman period. There were two variants of garments which could be worn over the tunic. They were the stola and toga. The stola was worn by women, and togas were worn by men.
However, those women who had the notorious reputation or were divorced because of adultery could wear only togas. That is why, it was possible to draw conclusions about the social status of a woman with references to this type of garments. Today, long dresses which have similarities with the stola can be worn by women without references to their social statuses. Nevertheless, this variant of clothing is usually perceived as appropriate for attending the social events.
Justification Statement: The Medieval Cloak
During the Medieval period, different social categories wore various types of cloaks. The differences could be noted with references to the material used for the cloak or with references to the model of a cape. Cloaks could have or not sleeves (Tortora and Eubank).
The figures depicted in the picture are wearing long cloaks without hoods, and their waists are belted. It is possible to discuss the depicted cloak as a woolen one. The contemporary variant of a cloak presented in the picture is long and plain in design. There are no sleeves and hoods. The main similarity of these two variants of a cloak is in the plainness of design.
We will write a custom Essay on The Stylistic Features of Historical Dress and Their Contemporary Adaptations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In spite of the fact the medieval cloaks were worn by different social categories, there were no obvious differences in the design of a cloak. The richness of a person in a cloak could be determined paying attention to the material of a brooch used to fix the cloak. Thus, the medieval cloaks were worn by both men and women from all the social classes as the elements of the outerwear.
They were traditionally made from woolen material. The representatives of nobility wore velvet cloak of deep green and blue colors decorated with brooches when the members of the lower classes wore dark woolen cloaks with hoods which were the main outerwear to save from the cool wind.
The differences in material used for manufacturing cloaks could help in distinguishing between the representatives of different classes. Today, cloaks are worn as the elements of the everyday garment in spite of the social status of a person, and they are typically with hoods and sleeves.
Justification Statement. The 16th Century Men’s Dress: Breeches
Breeches are one of the main elements of the men’s garment in the 16th century. Breeches were not typically long, and they ended above or below the knee. King Edward VI is depicted on the portrait in Christ’s Hospital Horsham in rather short breeches which end above the knees.
Breeches worn in the 16th century were different not only in length but also in form, material, and decoration. Thus, too loose breeches were tied with the help of bands to create the particular form. Leg bands were narrow and could be decorated with the help lace. The modern variant of breeches which is presented in the next picture differs significantly from the breeches of the 16th century in form, but the length is similar.
From this point, the main characteristic feature of breeches which is repeated in the modern models is the length which can be above of below the knee.
During the 16th century, only several categories of the European population could afford to wear garments from velvet or silk and decorated with lace (Tortora and Eubank). That is why, the material from which breeches were made could help determine the social status of a man. It is important to note that breeches were worn only by the representatives of the upper and middle classes.
The usual material for breeches was flannel. Thus, breeches from flannel were typical for the middle-class men when noble men and aristocracy could afford to wear silken breeches decorating with lace. Today, breeches are worn by military men or horsemen because of their appropriateness for riding. Modern breeches can be discussed as the clothing worn by nobility or upper-class men when they are elements of the costume for riding, but not the working clothes.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Stylistic Features of Historical Dress and Their Contemporary Adaptations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Justification Statement. The 17th Century Women’s Accessory: The Lace Collar
The particular feature of the women’s dress during the 17th century is the collar. However, men also wore lace collars during the 16th -17th centuries. It is necessary to note that lace collars were the elements of the aristocracy’s garment.
Lace collars were often large and wide to accentuate the richness and significance of a person who wears it (Tortora and Eubank). Male lace collars were traditionally not very large, and they were rather low. Lace collars for women were different in forms, and they were rather high if the woman belonged to the aristocratic family. Nevertheless, during the 17th century, women also wore wide lace collars round the low collar of the dress.
That is why, the tradition to wear lace collars round the neck or round the dress’s collar is also typical for the 17th century, and it is reflected in the picture depicting the modern variant of the lace collar. Frances Howard is portrayed by Marcus Gheeraerts wearing the delicate lace collar. The idea to wear it as the independent element of the garment is reflected in the modern variant of the collar.
During the 17th century, collars were made from lace that is why the element of the garment was worn only by rich persons. Moreover, large and wide lace collars could provide the information about the person’s aristocratic origins. Today, collars can be made not only from lace but also from any other material to decorate the dress.
Furthermore, there are no modern lace collars for men which can be worn in the everyday life. Modern models of collars can be also knitted to imitate the lace. It is impossible to discuss the status of a person today with references to the collars worn.
Works Cited Dressing Vogue. 2012. Web.
Horse Stack. 2013. Web.
Hubert van Eyck: The Three Marys at the Tomb. 2011. Web.
Introduction to Ancient Rome. 2012. Web.
Rate the Dress. 2013. Web.
Rialto Lace Collar Finished. 2012. Web.
Stephan Pelger: Long Dress. 2012. Web.
The Costume Manifesto. 2011. Web.
Tortora, Phyllis, and Keith Eubank. Survey of Historic Costume: A History of Western Dress. USA: Fairchild Publications, 1998. Print.
Analyzing and argument Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
How the author was unsuccessful in her claims
Introduction Janell Hobson criticizes the video, “Run the World”, by award-winning singer/ songwriter Beyonce Knowles. She believes this song sends mixed messages on feminism, and therefore fails to advance the feminist cause. Hobson (5) explains that the lyrics to the song as well as the video contradict female empowerment. Not only are the women hypersexualized in the song, but their need for approval from a male audience (consisting of riot police) is unimaginative and anti-feminist.
While the author provides some sound arguments about why the song betrayed gender equality, her assertions only focused on a superficial analysis of the piece. A deeper analysis of the singer’s background as well as women’s reception of the song would have provided a convincing argument on the performance.
How the author was unsuccessful in her claims Hobson (2) seems to base her claims mostly on her opinions as she does not engage with material from other feminists who have talked about similar topics.
In the article, the author makes reference to only one journal article in Psychology Today. Most of the other sources mentioned in the paper are video links to songs that advance her theme. She occasionally cites advocacy websites but only in a general way, and not in relation to specific examples. It should be noted that the latter sites were cited only twice in the entire piece. It is likely that the author refrained from the use of scholarly references because she wanted her article to appear non-academic.
However, this does not prevent one from using magazine-friendly ways of citing other people’s work. She should have italicized the article titles and names of other writers who have done similar work. In certain parts of the critique, the author states that “Beyonce suggests that women, just on the strength of their hyperfemininity, will rise again under her glamorous leadership and create a New World order” (Hobson 5).
The author bases this assertion solely on what she observes in the music video. However, it is difficult to make such inferences when one only has four minutes to go through the entire song. It would have been more authentic if the information came from the singer’s background or another external source. When making an argument about something, a writer should employ various aspects of persuasive speech.
These may include pathos, logos and ethos. In this piece, the author seems to rely too much on emotional appeal or pathos as well as her authority (ethos) rather than the logos or the logical development of her argument. In the part quoted above, Hobson (5) makes extensive use of loaded adjectives like ‘glamorous’ to advance her argument.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Audiences do not know how she drew conclusions concerning the new world order or Beyonce’s leadership of it. Hobson (1) seems to rely on her background as a feminist to validate these claims, yet that is not enough. The use of logos through scholarly support would have added credibility to her argument and made it more legitimate.
Hobson (8) assertions/claims lack evidence to support them, and thus do not adhere to the rules of sound argumentation. The first assumption that the author made in the critic is that all the readers define feminism in similar ways. Feminism is a complex and controversial term, whose meaning is still under debate today (Genz 55).
Whenever stakeholders cannot seem to agree on a common definition, it is essential for a writer to clarify the definition that he or she will be using in his or her piece; Hobson did not do this in her commentary. Some feminists may be conservative and could frown upon depictions of the female body in a sexual way. Alternatively, others may embrace a new wave of feminism, which embraces sexual expression and freedom among women (Genz 57).
It seems that the author narrowed her definition of feminism to a phenomenon that excludes sexuality. Several feminists have labeled Beyonce’s songs as the new wave of feminism. To them, this singer represents the contemporary woman who embraces her body and sexuality. Beyonce is multidimensional, powerful, sexy and independent, yet she does not have an identity crisis because she possesses all these traits.
Contemporary feminists take issue with the fact that traditional feminists object to sexualized females. Loren (5) explains that when Beyonce was dancing in the run-the-world video, she was doing it for other females, who often empower each other in dance clubs whenever they hear the song.
The latter author faults traditional feminists like Hobson because their hypersexulaisation critiques largely focus on the male gaze. In light of these findings, one can also state that Hobson (5) also assumed that hypersexuality was a problem to the feminist agenda. This would only be true if the male audience were the point of focus. For female audiences, who love Beyone’s songs, it is a way of connecting with them. Most intellectual brands of feminism are far-removed from the mainstream woman.
Furthermore, the author has not acknowledged that counterarguments do exist on the effect of the video on feminism. She should have included these thoughts and then explained why they were not as convincing as her own stance. Claims made by the author do not have adequate support or evidence. For instance, it is not clear where Hobson (5) drew her conclusion concerning the new world order that the singer will create.
We will write a custom Essay on Analyzing and argument specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The writer does not show evidence to prove that Willow Smith is a better feminist than Beyonce. She simply uses a link to her latest song. This was an unfair comparison because Willow Smith is just an 11-year old girl. There was no way her sexuality could compare to a grown woman’s version. Once again, this aspect illustrates the author’s overemphasis on hypersexuality or the lack thereof as a qualification for proper feminism.
The author also claimed that, in the video, power among women only comes from sexual prowess. Evidence to back this claim only stems from what was observed in the song. Hobson (6) did not think about the reception of the video among other females or the context of the singer’s life. These would have tilted her argument in favor of the piece.
The author was not successful in convincing the audience based on assumptions, evidence and claims made in the article. Hobson’s support for her thesis was based on her literal interpretation of the video. Her work pegged on her opinions and understanding of feminism. Comparing an adult artist to a child is hardly laudable.
Furthermore, counterarguments have not been mentioned, and the reason for their disregard is not in the critic. This article would have been more insightful if the author did some background into Beyonce’s lifestyle. The writer would have found that Beyonce is a successful and multifaceted woman whose art is not all about her sexuality.
If the author used this background information to advance her claims concerning the singer’s antifeminist stances, then her article would have been more successful. Furthermore, if the author also included information about what other feminists felt about the subject matter, then the paper would have seemed credible. The writer has a strong background in feminist studies; however, her brand of feminism is disengaged from the mainstream.
Most of the assumptions made on hypersexualization reflect a 70s-style interpretation of feminism. Currently, female empowerment is changing, and this includes loving the female body. The author should have done a better job of rendering credibility to her work by using various sources. This would have made her work believable.
Reputable sources and rigorous research always play a large role in winning the support of opponents. The author could not differentiate between her personal opinions or facts. No data was present to illustrate what the writer felt about them. In essence, since the key assumption is questionable (that sexuality is a problem in feminism), then the rest of the support she gives becomes invalid.
Conclusion The author has a very strong opinion about the song and has clearly stated it in the piece. Furthermore, she has a background in feminist studies that strengthens her case. However, the writer mostly bases her work on opinions as one cannot determine where she derives her statements. The lack of data from credible sources on the same explains why her critic lacks legitimacy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Analyzing and argument by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Genz, Sarah. “Singled out: Post feminism’s “new woman” and the dilemma of having it all.” Journal of Popular Culture 43.1(2010): 55-58. Print.
Hobson, Janell. “Beyonce: Girls run the world.” MS Magazine 20 May 2011. Web. https://msmagazine.com/2011/05/20/beyonce-girls-run-the-world-cue-the-apocalypse/
Loren, Arielle. Is Beyonce the face of contemporary feminism?. 20 May 2011. Web.
The Value of a Private and Public Company: Critical Ratio Analysis Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Introduction
Marks and Spencer Critical ratio analysis
Jackson Food Group Critical Ratio analysis
Similarities and Differences
Other UK companies supporting findings
Usefulness of Ratio Analysis Established
Limitations and Solutions
Introduction Assessment of financial health of an organisation or a business is an important function of managers. A major resource that managers use to formulate the plans and formulae for financial allocation to the various departments is the financial data at their disposal. An accurate assessment of this data as pointed by Wood (2012a, p. 7) differentiates between effective and non-effective management in most organisations.
Financial ratios are important in the analysis of financial information in a company since they enable managers to make the most out of the financial information. According to Wood, ratios in an organisation’s financial analysis enable the “evaluation of relationships between component parts of financial statements to obtain a better understanding of a firm’s performance” (2012a, p. 7).
As a follow-up to a previous assignment, the essay will utilise data obtained from the ratio and financial analysis of Jackson Food Group, which is an example of a privately owned company. In the public company category, Marks and Spencer will be analysed.
A comparison between the two will then be made involving the assessment of other companies such as Tesco, which is another publicly owned company. The results will then be used to answer the question of how ratio analysis assists in determining the value of a private and public company.
Marks and Spencer Critical ratio analysis Mark and Spencer is one of the leading retailers in the United Kingdom. It is involved in the sale of clothing and home products as well as foodstuffs (Smith 2012, p. 4). The company also boasts of a number of retail stores around the world with over 78,000 employees among its ranks.
According to Smith, the company has “703 stores across the UK in high streets and retail parks as well as stations, airports, and other locations” (2012, p. 4). The company is also highly profitable besides being the first retail company to surpass the one billion pound mark in the UK (Marks
A comparison Between Asian Americans and Latinos Essay essay help online free
For a long time, most people were convinced that a child was bestowed with a certain level of intelligence at birth. Past studies have revealed that genetics could not have been the sole determinant of a child’s intelligence. However, as the world changed from using genetics to explain differences in intelligence, there was also a corresponding shift to focus on culture and the environment. Culture is now believed to be the determining factor in explaining differences between races (Liu 5).
By examining how learning takes place between Asian Americans, it emerges that we are more intelligent than the rest of the population, in addition, it also emerges that the environment has something to do with the grades achieved by both the Latinos and the Asian Americans. This paper shall endeavor to compare the Asian Americans with the Latino ethnic group.
It will mainly focus on how learning takes place within the two groups and the associated outcome. In addition, the paper will also use an article by Fuller and Garcia Coll (2010) to explore the choices made by parents and how they affect learning.
The article by Fuller and Garcia Coll (559) discusses the environment in which children are brought up in Latino households. It especially focuses on immigration and how it affects the manner in which children grow up.Using four theoretical frameworks, the paper explains how learning and development take place within culturally bounded context.
In their analysis, the authors show how learning is perceived as taking place and the changes that have occurred over the years. The paper further explains how traditional Latino families are able to keep the family close and support their children socially. It also highlights the pressure on children and teenagers to assimilate into the American culture and how this poses a risk to their development.
Overall, its aim is to bring an understanding of how learning takes place within groups that are heavily influenced by culture. This paper argues that Latino children use socialization practices to create their identity at home. The social practices acquired at school further influence their school performance (Fuller
Emily Dickenson Poems Essay custom essay help
In his story, Frank Kermode tries to establish a conventional identity of time, by incorporating issues that subject to the needs of humanity, and which must confer to the expectations of the community. In his bid to support his claims, Kermode splits his ideas into six issues that must be addressed to ensure equitability and time management among the supporters.
These six presentations of the finite environments promote an understanding of the, timelessness and freedom of expression among humans.
One of the first talks in Kermode’s assertions is on the importance of an end to any sociological, political or philosophical occurrence. The claims are based on the assumptions that humanity requires strategies that support beginning and the end of any venture. Within these parameters, individuals get to identify institutions operating on biasness, favoritism and racial similarities. In one of his fundamental assertions, Kermode claims that the concept of the living dead and eternity after death is impractical and misplaced.
In the analysis of time, it is expected that time exists together with an order, but according to the author’s argument, time exists together with disorder, and thus makes it more complicated to define what time really is. The significant argument is founded on the ability to differentiate between orders as its already known, and disorder, which is the conventional understandable representation of time.
In the movie industry, the author claims that moviemakers are fond of adjusting the viewers’ expectations and the plot in order to fit within their understanding. By doing so, humans are said to commit more errors, since the attempt to coordinate time cannot be achieved.
Fiction is the second issue being discussed, at which the author claims that humans have fallen into an era of relying heavily on fictions, despite the understanding that fictions are unreal.
Literary fictions have never been associated with general fiction, an error that has been common among different individuals in the world. Despite these findings, the author considers fictions to be the ideal agents of change, since they identify with the ideal world, and conform to the longstanding concepts of hypothesis and proof of reality.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The third issue concentrates on eternity, at which the author identifies the world as having no start and no end. Creation appears to be a concrete activity, but it involved transition from nothing to something, and should therefore be addressed within the context of time and form. Similarly, the presence of angels makes creation more complex.
The concept that angels are pure makes it look like indistinguishable to God, which is a false assumption. Time is therefore significant in addressing changes, even if the changes are fictitiously represented.
Modern apocalypse is another issues addressed by the author, at which he cites the presence of altering predictions to fit individual’s understanding. Just like in literary fictions, prediction of apocalypse has been ever changing, depending on human understanding.
Since it is an era of terror and major transitions, mapping the accurate time within which apocalypse will take place have been difficult and complicated. The presence of continuous transition makes humanity to be distinctively clear of the past, and predictably unrelated to the future.
Literary fiction, reality and solitary confinement are the last tow issues addressed by the author, at which he compares literary contents to the actual reality and that no fiction qualifies to be the supreme fiction. The state of humanity has been influenced by constant needs to fulfill personal desires and wants. Hence, humans have been living in solitude and literal poverty.
Inequality and the American Dream Essay – Research essay help online: essay help online
The phrase that America is a land of opportunities is a common one in many countries. This belief compels people from different parts of the world to travel to America with hopes of improving their lives, a fact that explains the ever increasing number of immigrants who troop into the country every year. However, what many people fail to understand is that America is characterized by numerous insecurities and inequalities.
The American model is considered by some countries an appropriate model of transforming struggling economies. This explains why many countries put a lot of effort to make their economies powerful, prosperous and productive.
The American economy is considered to be among world economies that have grown very fast, leading to reduced unemployment and huge profits. However, some Americans feel that there are no direct benefits associated with the seemingly grown American economy. Some of them have legitimate concerns about the American model although other countries try to imitate it.
For instance, the typical American worker is underpaid and college degrees do not guarantee American citizens well paying jobs. It is important for the system to address these issues before it boasts of having established a successful model. All the Americans should benefit from the model before it is described as being successful.
Although America is proud of its economic model, it has to think about its international reputation. Europeans hold a view that the country does not take care of its citizens as it was witnessed after Hurricane Katrina. A country that does not bother about the welfare of the poor leaves unanswered questions when it talks about having an economic model that can be adopted by other countries.
The inequality that characterizes the American economy is evidence enough that there are those who reap huge benefits at the expense of the rest of the population. Some individuals are extremely wealthy such that even if business stopped, they would still remain wealthy. This inequality does not portray a balanced economic model.
The American system is oblivious of the threat that people at the bottom of the economic system face. One of the concerns of these individuals is that their jobs are not exported to other countries but immigrants get into America regularly. The implication is that it is possible for their jobs to be taken up by rival workers who come from other countries.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is important for the government to analyze the threats these individuals face and look for mechanisms of ensuring that wages of poor American workers remain stable. It is only after the poor workers are assured of their jobs that the American model can be said to be successful.
Although according to this article inequality is not inherently wrong, it is evidently wrong within the American system. For instance, while it is supposed to provide a safety net for the poor, it continues to oppress them. In addition, not everybody in the American system has an opportunity to climb up the economic system.
The system favors the rich and offers them more opportunities to rise. For the American government to claim to have developed an appropriate economic model that other countries can imitate, it must ensure that every citizen benefits from the model. The poor should be assisted to climb up the economic ladder and shield them from threats posed by immigrants who take up their jobs. Many countries seem to follow the American model but it still requires adjustments before it becomes effective.
IDEO’s Support Structure Essay best essay help
Introduction IDEO Company has a very unique organization structure. Thus, this reflective treatise attempts to explicitly review the organization structure of IDEO Company and how it promotes innovativeness among employees.
Structure of the IDEO Company IDEO Company exhibits distinctive and unique organization structure that is shaped by the organization’s goals. In advancing organizational learning, the system that helps the organization to avoid the learning disabilities is proactive organization thinking. The company concentrates on systems thinking, mental models, personal mastery, shared vision, and team learning.
From these perspectives, the organizational structure and culture play a significant role in hindering as well as fostering learning in organizations. The IDEO’s chief Kelley asserts that for the self-motivated people, this approach allows them to do much more spectacular things than if you ‘manage’ them.
Other factors associated with inhibiting learning in organizations are inappropriate organizational structures, work pressure, entrenched attitudes towards learning, and emphasis on meeting targets. Fear and resistance to change in organizations that are characterized by high levels of bureaucracy and inter-functional rivalry are the main reasons that impede learning in such organizations.
Fortunately, since every employee in IDEO Company is his or her own boss; the cultural structure of the company has spurred a continuous growth in the competitive market.
On the other hand, IDEO has a learning culture that embraces learning. Hence, this makes it easier to change the practices that might hinder learning in the various departments through devolution of tasks and responsibilities to employees and managers.
Related to changes in organizational structure are the variations in job design and new structures which provide the employees with an opportunity within the work activities. Moreover, the organization exhibits flexibility in its organizational structure that enables jobs to be redesigned thus, facilitating work based innovations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The IDEO Company has demonstrated that there exists a complex network behind its formal organizational chart. The teamwork based organization structure actually identifies the hierarchy of the organization structure in order to understand the complex network. In addition, it provides myriad illustrations of persuasive importance of problem definition within communication contemporary context. Also, the strategies of investigation, ramification, and elements of the problem definition are addressed.
Technical Communication as a subject has also undergone a lot of metamorphosis due to emerging technology. Other than the economic gains, the company has been able to accrue benefits in the areas of culture and governance in the quest for efficiency and affordability in the present competitive market through collective responsibility strategy.
The driving forces have broken down many physical barriers to worldwide communication which used to limit connectivity in the markets of IDEO Company over long distances. Brand equity has become an essential part of the IDEO business operations on the facets and the need for optimal operation.
IDEO’s brand equity has an essential tool for marketing and communication relationship with clients and market segmentation. This has been made possible by technological revolution and inventions aimed at remodelling efficiency, reducing redundancy, and embracing systematic orientations in their products.
Service blue printing is a technique that management uses to innovate and improve services in a company. The essence of this technique is to come up with several models of a line of activity in a company. These lines need to be customer centric. The IDEO Company has successfully employed the service blue printing technique to sustain innovativeness in its production line. These parts are line of interaction with customer, line of internal interaction, line of visibility and support processes.
Poverty Concerns in Today’s Society Annotated Bibliography essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
The menace posed by poverty is a gross challenge affecting both the underdeveloped and developing economies. This paper specifically explores the subject of poverty as a modern social challenge by examining the causes and solutions that have been proposed to minimize the growing economic disparity among the rich and poor nations.
Rugina, A. N. (1998). Dehumanization of modern civilization and a new, schumpeterian explanation of poverty. International Journal of Social Economics, 25(5), 661-692.
Rugina (1998) attributes the modern trends in the growth and development of poverty to elevated levels of capitalism that is being practiced by several economies across the world. The author asserts that the challenge being posed by the high poverty levels has not been addressed adequately especially by policy makers and those who describe themselves as thinkers.
One of the most outstanding thinkers of the 21st century was Schumpeter Joseph. The author has pointed out that the latter managed to expound the inherent reality of the modern trends in capitalism.
While poverty has often been perceived as a localized problem in some poorly performing economies, there are myriads of underlying complications that are yet to be unearthed by modern economists. Schumpeter attempted to describe the nature of capital formation in relation to the manner in which new projects are funded.
Although some developed economies have propagated both local and foreign direct investments as the core solutions to eradicating poverty, Rugina (1998), through the arguments posed by Schumpeter Joseph, reiterates that members of the modern society have been compelled into “forced savings” in the pretext of alleviating poverty.
The author adds that the benefits that might be derived from such investments are redirected to those who are economically empowered instead of uplifting the standards of people living below the poverty line.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the same note, the actual incomes of people are ingeniously reduced due to forced savings as compared to voluntary savings. Any other surplus value generated by an economy is shared out among the capitalist individuals and governments. In any case, the surplus value may not be generated by the private sector due to stringent economic regulations that are often capitalist in nature.
Ana, C. C. (2002). Life chances and modern poverty. Urban Design International, 7(3), 223-224.
Ana (2002) tends to offer a unique perspective on the concept of poverty by maintaining that economic conditions of individuals should be used as the only benchmark of assessing their status of poverty in society. It is vital to understand various dynamics that constitute challenges in life. The same dynamics may also be instrumental toward the rapid growth of poverty in the modern society. Hence, both the political and socio-cultural conditions have contributed in the growing trends in poverty.
There are vital similarities and differences that can be drawn from the concepts of the developed and developing economies. It is definite that countries that are poorly developed are equally facing dire levels of poverty.
The developed countries also experience their own classifications of poverty trends. Nonetheless, it is factual that there is a growing economic gap between countries that are considered to be rich and those that are still struggling with basic needs such as adequate food supply, healthcare services and illiteracy.
In addition, the author notes that countries that belong to the developed world are quite few compared to the entire world population. They are about 35 in total. This implies that the remaining countries (over 170) have been classified under the developing world.
Nonetheless, it I pertinent to note that poverty is a glaring reality across the globe. Although the author does not expound on the various factor that enhance the growth and development of poverty, it is vivid that the world population in the modern society is facing a common economic threat.
We will write a custom Annotated Bibliography on Poverty Concerns in Today’s Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Shah, A. (2013). Causes of Poverty. Web.
This article analyses the available information on poverty status across the world. The information provided in the article notes that up to half of the world’s population lives within the poverty bracket. The author also recognizes the fact that the combined wealth of the 41 poorest nations in the world cannot match with the wealth of seven richest nations in the world. The world had promised to minimize spending on weaponry and utilize the money in fighting poverty although this has never been implemented (Shah, 2013).
Illiteracy is also a major issue that is highlighted in this article. Almost one billion people are illiterate in the current century. Poverty is so pronounced in the world that for every two children in poor economies, one is subjected to poverty. Furthermore, almost one million children lack the basic human needs.
The author highlights the causes of poverty and acknowledges that the world has enough resources to deal with the menace. The systems in place that are managed by poor economic policies and corruption have resulted into poor living and dilapidated living conditions.
The information in this article is very important to my research since it provides enough data that can enrich the study. The data will also make improve the conclusion part of the research since it is relevant in terms content.
Srinivas, H. (2012). Causes of Poverty. Web.
This article analyses the detailed causes of poverty. Poverty in this case is determined by several factors based on individual and aggregate theory. Some of the individual factors that encourage poverty include intelligence, level of education, age, health, discrimination, sex, and culture. Unless such factors are addressed adequately, the menace posed by poverty will continue to thrive (Srinivas, 2012).
The analyses of the aggregate theories of poverty (namely the case and generic theories) offer an in-depth understanding of the dynamics of poverty and the various causes. The author of this article is quite specific on how poverty starts and grows. The relevance of the study as an academic source is irrefutable. This source is therefore important in assessing the various levels at which poverty is understood by scholars. This will help me in the development of the problem statement.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Poverty Concerns in Today’s Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moran, B. (2008). Race and Wealth Disparities: A Multidisciplinary Discourse. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.
This book is also a rich source of information on poverty status around the world. The author begins by describing how the current disparities in wealth distribution began. A historical overview of the current differences in racial wealth distribution is also documented.
The book offers thorough analyses of the current policies that encourage poverty in the United States and across the world. A factor such as corporatism and how it enhances inequality has also been discussed. The sociological perspective of the poverty status is deeply analyzed based on the differences among races.
Education is a key factor that brings out differences in the social status of people. It also creates a gap between the poor and the rich individuals. The author identifies the roles played the current laws and policies in propagating disparities in the modern society (Moran, 2008).
This is definitely a rich source of information on critical analysis and in-depth understanding of the issues surrounding poverty. It is an excellent source of information that exposes a lot of information behind the current economies disparities among various economies across the globe. The use of such a source will enhance the credibility of the study on poverty.
References Ana, C. C. (2002). Life chances and modern poverty. Urban Design International, 7(3), 223-224.
Moran, B. (2008). Race and Wealth Disparities: A Multidisciplinary Discourse. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.
Rugina, A. N. (1998). Dehumanization of modern civilization and a new, schumpeterian explanation of poverty. International Journal of Social Economics, 25 (5), 661- 692.
Shah, A. (2013). Causes of Poverty. Web.
Srinivas, H. (2012). Causes of Poverty. Web.
Machinery and Modern Industry Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Development of Innovative Practices
Analyzing Market Orientations
In the essay “Machinery and Modern Industry”, Karl Marx sought to clarify the distinction between considering machines as tools or as mechanisms to replace the “human element” in the course of producing particular goods or implementing certain services. He does so by first succinctly breaking down the difference in capabilities between man and machine.
Marx points out that machines are more efficient than human beings since they are not limited by human biology, rather they can be easily modified or adapted in order to perform ever more complex tasks.
Such a feat is not possible with an average worker since they can neither be expected to move 10 times faster, grow 2 more heads or have 10 arms. He goes on to elaborate on how ubiquitous machines have become through their development during the industrial era. The paper utilizes examples in looming, shipping as well as other such activities to point towards the transition from human workers to machine made items.
The main thrust of the essay though was not to point out how effective machines are in increasing the means of production, rather, it was the intention of Marx to reveal how the use of various machines in production lines is meant to benefit the owner of the business rather than the employees themselves.
Marx attempts to show this distinction by clarifying that the machines utilized in the production of goods and services should not be considered tools to make the lives of workers easier, rather, machines are meant as a means of limiting their ability to influence the process of production. The less workers are involved in creating particular goods, the more they can be easily replaced and, as a result, their rights are slowly being taken away from them without them even realizing it.
The essay proves this by showing how the concept of a “tool” is meant as a means of accomplishing a particular task. This can take the form of a variety of objects such as a sewing needle, a pair of clippers, a hammer, a chisel or a variety of other implements meant to aid in the production of a particular good or to perform a unique kind of service.
Yet, what must be understood is that the use of a tool requires a certain degree of skill and experience on the part of a worker which cannot be easily replicated or replaced, this creates a necessary place for them in the production line thereby solidifying the necessity of keeping them happy and upholding their rights to prevent them from leaving.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, once the concept of “skill” is removed from production equation wherein the tool itself is incorporated into a mechanical mechanism this, as a result, removes the protections workers enjoyed. Once a job becomes easily replicable, a worker easily replaceable and the necessity of skill is removed from the equation of production, this is when workers lose all their rights and become beholden to the owners of factories, corporations and other such entities since they lose their bargaining power against them.
Introduction When examining Moriarty’s claim that engineering developments are not simply driven by market forces, it is necessary to examine what factors drive innovations in engineering developments in the first place and how do these relate to market forces.
First and foremost, studies such as those by Nutt(2007) explain that market forces are a fundamental driver of innovative practices within most industries as evidenced by the drivers related to making technology more cost effective, efficient as well as user friendly in order to appeal to the current market segment that a company is targeting (Nutt, 2007).
Evidence of this can be seen in the Smartphone industry today wherein the competition between manufacturers such as Apple, Samsung, HTC and other manufacturers have in effect made smart phones cheaper, more innovative and flexible when it comes to the preferences of individual consumers.
One problem with the assessment of Nutt (2007), is that despite demand in markets for innovation it is at times noticeable that no significant engineering developments occur. One clear example of this is seen in the case of the telecommunications infrastructure within the U.S.
As seen in the study of Malhotra
Effects of Globalization Cause and Effect Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Definition of Globalization
Drivers of Globalization
Effects of Globalization
Definition of Globalization Globalization is defined as interaction among different countries in order to develop global economy. It entails political, technological, cultural and political exchanges which are facilitated by infrastructure, transport and communication. Some of the traditional international theories of globalization include Ricardian theory of international trade, Heckscher-Ohlin model and Adam Smith’s model (Scholte, 2005).
Drivers of Globalization For globalization to take place, it must be driven by certain factors. The first factor that drives globalization is competitiveness in the market, which focuses on aspects such as global competitors, interdependence among countries and high two-way trade. The second factor that drives globalization is the government.
The government drives globalization through regulation of marketing activities, provision of technical standards that are compatible and elimination of restrictions imposed on trade and investment procedures. The third factor that drives globalization is cost.
Cost in globalization deals with efficiency in sourcing activities, world economies and emerging technological trends. The fourth factor that drives globalization is market, which covers ordinary needs of customers, channels of world markets and marketing techniques that can be transferred to different regions.
Effects of Globalization Globalization is associated with both positive and negative effects. Its first positive effect is that it makes it possible for different countries to exchange their products. The second positive effect of globalization is that it promotes international trade and growth of wealth as a result of economic integration and free trade among countries.
However, globalization is also associated with negative effects. Its first negative effect is that it causes unemployment. Since companies compete with their rivals in the market, sometimes they are forced to sack some of their employees in order to reduce salary costs and instead maximize profits. This is common in developing countries, where large numbers of unemployed people live in urban areas.
The second negative effect of globalization is that it promotes terrorism and criminal activities because people, food and materials are allowed to move freely from one country to the other. Individuals with evil intentions take advantage of this freedom and carry out terrorism activities and other crimes (Negative Effects of Globalization, 2013).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More References Negative Effects of Globalization. (2013). Web.
Scholte, J. (2005). Globalization: A Critical Introduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
The Dura Europos Synagogue Research Paper custom essay help: custom essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Dura Europos
Introduction Jewish artists have real pieces of art works as history reveals. Jewish artists have created pieces of arts for at least the last 2,000 years. These are evident from paintings of “18th century, 500 years of making ritual objects and illustrated prayer books, haggadahs, megillas, ketubos and the extensive production of illuminated manuscripts between 1300 and 1500” (Sed-Rajna 237). In addition, there are several pieces of arts in Israel mainly in synagogues. These reveal arts of fourth to sixth centuries (the Common Era). The origin of such works was Dura Europos.
The Dura Europos The Dura Europos paintings represent a great deal of the Jewish art. According to Sed-Rajna, a Jewish art scholar, Jewish art portrays an iconographical language with elements of narrative language. He notes that there are three types of narrative arts as follow:
This category has murals of Joshua, Messiah, Moses ascending Mount Sinai and at the Bush, Torah niche, and Abraham and the Covenant (Sed-Rajna 229).
This area has murals of the Exodus, Elijah, Ezekiel, Triumph of Mordechai, and the Valley of the Dry Bones (Sed-Rajna 230).
There are paintings of the Well in the Wilderness, the Ark in the Temple of Dagon, and Tabernacle (Sed-Rajna 230).
There are many categories and identifications of Dura Europos and frescos paintings. However, most of these classifications are under scholarly debates. It is only these three areas, which scholars have reached a consensus. Based on such differences, various art scholars have expressed different views on Jewish arts.
For instance, some scholars have focused on didactical and historical elements of the art. Others have considered frescos as commentary part of the official Roman art. In addition, thematic concerns usually involve Messianic elements according to Erwin. There are other different opinions on Jewish art (McBee 1). Such views only express how Jewish art can draw various meanings due to its richness.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Symbolic Narrative Torah niche is a striking part of the synagogue with various paintings, which bear different interpretations. It has murals of Jacob blessing his sons. However, much repainting has damaged the piece. This painting may depict Moses, Abraham, and Joshua at different occasions.
The Torah niche has a definite figurative representation. It represents “a closed temple, temple menorah, and a lulav and esrog on the left” (McBee 1). This was the ideal form of representation for over 300 years in synagogues. On the right, there is the Binding of Isaac. We can also observe a tied ram and Abraham with a knife. “Isaac is on the altar while a hand from heaven” (McBee 1) prevents the pending sacrifice to God.
Others argue that there is an insertion of Sarah standing outside the tent on the upper right of the painting. It shows Sarah’s reaction and comprehension of the ongoing events. According to Sed-Rajna, “the scene is the first attempt in Jewish art to transpose a literary account into visual form” (Sed-Rajna 239). As a result, it signifies the change in representation from symbolic art to narrative. This mural is important because it is among many Jewish paintings attributed to sacrifice.
Figure 1: the Akeida (Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria) We cannot underestimate the relevance of these murals in Jewish art. This painting was among the earliest works of art in Jewish paintings.
It became a model for many synagogues for over a period of 300 years. Akeida was the pictorial narrative that focused on representing the Jewish religion in the form of painting. The painting achieved this by utilizing the local culture to reinforce the Jewish religion and the role of God and mercy in their lives. It is also interesting to note that some of the images do not represent Sarah as others do.
This painting marked the start of Jewish art. This mural is complex and many scholars agree that it has a rich history, but a thorough study of Dura Europos reveals unknown mysteries.
Figure 2: Akeida: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria Sequential Narrative Most of Dura Europos paintings relied on Torah narrative in order to capture complex issues and affairs of communities. Dura Europos paintings bear the greatest representation in the Jewish art history.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Dura Europos Synagogue specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It also has various aspects of Torah subjects, which are the most outstanding form of paintings in Jewish art. However, some paintings with illuminated Haggadahs from Spain took this legacy after thousands of years. We also note that the idea of “decorated synagogue only reappeared later in the 17th century due to shuls paintings of Russia, Poland, and Lithuania” (McBee 1).
Figure 3: Exodus from Egypt: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria Dura Europos murals in synagogues also have extensive figuration. There are images, which show followers on the walls. However, according to McBee, close examinations of these images reveal that they represent “Torah figures, Abraham, Moses, Samuel, and Elijah” (McBee 1) in Roman attires. These show that such figures were statesmen and heroes of the time. However, they lead to confusion on the difference between Gentile and Jew.
Figure 4: Rescuing Moses: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria These murals have also presented problems in relation to factual consistencies. For instance, murals of Exodus do not concur with the narrative sequence. The Temple of Aaron during sanctification highlights “a bull about to be killed with an ax” (McBee 1). This does represent the normal Jewish tradition of slaughtering bulls.
Still, on the Solomon’s Temple, the doors have decorations with pagan elements. Lastly, the painting on Rescuing Moses shows that Pharaoh’s daughter had no cloths. These variations in interpretations of Jewish art in synagogues represent various ideas, which scholars have attached to these paintings.
Such differences in representation of paintings may have taken place due to borrowing of non-Jewish styles for Jewish paintings. For instance, we have the application of Zodiac that highlights God’s power over the world by his worldly agents. This representation also has a chariot and sun. Artists combined both elements to reflect paintings of the time in the synagogue.
The most represented form of painting in the Dura synagogue painting is Moses at the time of the Exodus. It occupies the upper right wall with depiction that across run from left to right. Moses is conspicuous with his soldier has he leads them out of Egypt. A closer look reveals that there is an open entrance of Egypt, which has deities. These deities show paganism in Egypt, which Israelites must leave.
We also have a flat aerial view that depicts the sea. It is full of drowned Egyptian soldiers. Again, Moses leads Israelites with his rod in his stretched hand over the sea. Moses also leads Israelites across the sea as they match along 12 lanes. We also notice the ‘Hand of God’ on these paintings has it directs Moses through the Exodus event.
The artist must have been familiar with the events of the time and Jewish tradition. The Exodus painting shows Moses as he leads Israelites out of Egypt with God’s guidance. It depicts the Jewish triumph over Pharaoh’s paganism and the oppression.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Dura Europos Synagogue by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Figure 5: Exodus from Egypt: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria The paintings of Dura Europos synagogue also have significance in the third century. Most scholars look at the importance of such murals in relation to their place in history.
They serve the purpose of encouraging modern Jewish artist and showing them possibilities from the past. Dura Europos is the only Jewish narrative art that has “Torah, midrash and individual creativity, which span a gap of 1700 years and, with imagination, finding parallels and inspiration between their worlds” (McBee 1).
A thorough review of Dura Europos paintings and frescos shows fundamental elements of early Jewish art. Torah niche employed both the use of symbols and narrative techniques in order to create meanings evident in the Temples.
Exodus paintings reveal the triumph of Israelites against Pharaoh’s paganism and slavery. Rescuing of Moses shows Pharaoh’s daughter rescue the infant. These pieces of art works use both midrashic and Biblical elements in order capture history of the time. They also use non-Jewish elements to enhance visual features of paintings.
Some of the most important paintings in Duran Europos painting are those of Elijah and Ezekiel. These paintings also attack paganism at the time. Scholars draw this conclusion by performing comparative narratives.
Figure 6: Elijah on Carmel: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria Scholars have used continuous narrative in order to explain paintings depicting Elijah. Such paintings depict divine intervention for the community and for himself. There is also the unsuccessful struggle that involves Elijah and Prophet of Baal on Mount Carmel. We can see eight priests in their Roman attires next to the altar with the god’s sacrifice. Below the altar, there is also a small animal ambush by a snake.
It represents the evil, Hiel of Ahab. He wanted to light the fire. However, the serpent from God consumed him before he could light the fire. We can also see Elijah’s sacrifice on fire. He is evoking the heavenly fire and calling for drenching of the sacrifice because of the interference by evil forces. These paintings depict a war against paganism in which God comes to the rescue of true believers.
In the paintings of Ezekiel, the presence of God is eminent through the visible hands on the top of the paintings. This reflects the important prophetic role of Ezekiel among the Jews. He stands for the redemption of the entire community. The first image reveals how “Ezekiel ended up in the valley of the dry bones” (McBee 1).
In the valley, we have features that represent feet, hands, and heads. Ezekiel must provide his prophecy about the importance of these features. The meaning represents coming back to life because this is the interpretation from God. Further, we also see the three angels and another one on the ground as they perform miracles.
Figure 7: Ezekiel Valley of Dry Bones: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria We also notice Ezekiel adorned in Roman attire in another part of the painting. This represents the return of ten tribes that disappeared. These are the ten men with Ezekiel. It also shows resurrection of Israelites during the period of Ezekiel. The presence of the ‘Hand of God’ is also conspicuous in this painting. Scholars claim that these paintings highlight the role of God in resurrection of Israelites as a nation and individuals after their deaths.
According to Elsner, “one fundamental theme to the Dura murals is something called Cultural Resistance (Elsner 269). Elsner argue that Jewish paintings rebuked cult religion that was in Dura. Therefore, these paintings aimed to eliminate paganism and restore the Jewish monotheism among people who were losing their cultural identity.
Figure 8: Aaron’s Temple: Dura Europos (245 CE) Courtesy of National Museum, Damascus, Syria Such paintings in the synagogue dispel the claims that Jewish did not allow visual images in the synagogue. Scholars consider this prohibition has the most misunderstood part commandment in relation to arts. They point out that it refers to the creation of idols and not artistic representations in arts.
However, the interpretation this command often varied with time. This because others followed it strictly while others gave a loose interpretation. In this context, we can argue that earliest works of Jewish celebrated art works and used visual arts as ways of honoring God. This was the purpose of paintings in the Dura Europos synagogue. Therefore, we can see how religion influenced lives of Jewish through arts.
Comparative Narrative From the comparative, we look at the Aaron’s Temple and the Miraculous Well. The paintings depict variations in Jewish arts. We have the Ark and the Dagon Temple in which we interpret a message of victory. Other paintings depict rigid systems with no human beings present. Such paintings represent broad ideas and schematic representation.
Scholars consider such images as non-Jewish because of the pagan elements on the closed door. Therefore, it is a wasteland in which no religion or life can thrive. The comparative narrative aimed to depict that paganism did not stand a chance in the Jewish land because of the destruction of the idols.
Conclusion The Dura Europos has demonstrated the three interpretations of the paintings in the synagogue. These are various narratives like symbolic, continuous, and comparative. These paintings are complex, and we can only understand them through classification. This is because the paintings involve a number of elements from both the Bible and the midrash. In addition, we also have to deal with the artist’s point of view.
The artists have depicted ‘Hands of God’ to mark his presence in most of the events of the Jewish. Such Jewish arts show possibilities that paintings can capture with imaginative approaches. We have to understand various figures, attires, and motifs of the paintings, which give us rich imageries and depictions of Jewish art.
The Dura Europos represents the earliest work of arts by Jewish. Scholars and artists have to start from this foundation in order to understand contemporary works of Jewish arts. Therefore, Dura Europos paintings shaped the way for future arts of Jewish.
Works Cited Elsner, Jas. “Cultural Resistance and the Visual Image: The Case of Dura Europos.” Classical Philology, 96.3 (2001): 269-304. Print.
McBee, Richard. Dura Europos Project II at UJA New York . 6 July 2010. Web. .
Sed-Rajna, Gabrielle. Ancient Jewish Art: East and West. Secaucus, NJ : Chartwell Books, 1985. Print.
The US Government Role in the Declining Quality of Education Essay college admission essay help
Introduction The United States of America is the nation that controls the economy of the world. Consequently, the USA is the founder of equality. Despite its efforts however, the nation is currently facing problems in its education system. Ironically, the US government comes up with a new idea almost every decade that are parenthetical good but they are not as effective in practice.
The main question that comes up as a result is, who it to blame for this? In the United States of America, the government controls the education system. Due to this fact, I believe that due to its institutional inefficiencies, the American government has failed to successfully manage the education system in America. As a result, there is a huge disparity between the education that is offered in public schools and the one offered in private school.
In practice, private school education in the United States of America is of a higher quality as compared to the education offered in public schools. With regards to these factors, this paper will thus focus on the role played by the United States government in the declining quality of education that is offered in public schools.
It is important that the problem is understood from its root cause. As stated above, the United States of America is the leading economy in the world. The country is also home to some of the best educational institutions in the world. According to Tyack (82), the United States of America is one of the countries that receive the highest number of foreign students who come for the quality education offered in this country. It is a fact that the quality education offered in this country is in the private sector.
Carrasco (67) appreciates the effort that the government has made in subsidizing education in the private sector. He says however, that the qualities of education in these public schools are compromised. It is not fair when the education offered to a learner in the third grade in a public school is not in the same level as that of a third grade learner in a private school.
Education is not limited to class work. A learner should have access to various facilities that would help in improving growth and development, besides their academic developments. This means that they should have access to various facilities that would put them at a place where they will develop in all the aspects of their life.
Government as an Institution that has failed to Take Care of the Education System The government of the United States of America may score well when it is pitted against other countries around the world on the basis of development of the education system. However, when the analysis is done internally, the score will be much lower.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Private educational institutions have managed to offer quality education to their students, while learners in the public schools struggle to meet basic necessities in the school. According to Tyack (113), basic needs are changing, and the government should be ready to change with these changes.
This scholar notes that twenty years ago, access to a computer to students in college was a luxury, only afforded by those students who were from the rich families. This has changed. The current society is defined by technology. Access to internet connectivity through personal computers is now a basic need. Students need to conduct research, and this can only be possible if they have access to computers.
They also need to have a good storage facility where they can store their literatures for future references. These are some of the facilities that are still missing in most of the public schools. In most of the developed private schools in this country, students at high school level have access to personal computers which they can freely use as long as they are within the institution.
They can conduct research easily in the internet and they find it easy accessing any form of information that may be available in the internet. On the other hand, learners in high school who are in public schools can hardly access these facilities. They do not have enough computers that they can use in their research.
Another fact that points out to the disparity between public and private schools is the ratio of teacher to student. On average, the ratio of teacher to student in public schools is 1: 35. One teacher is expected to take care of 35 learners. In private schools however, this ratio is 1: 10. When a teacher is given as little as only ten students to take care of, the quality of education will definitely be high.
This is because a teacher will be in a position to offer personalized attention to the student. A teacher will be in a position to understand the uniqueness of every student and prepare tailor-made instructions that will create maximum benefits to the learner. This is a sacrifice that the government is yet to make.
It is also a fact that the government has failed to give enough attention to school when one is to conduct a comparison of the budget that it awards to other departments, and that of the department of education. The department of defense has a budget that is several times that offered to the department of education.
We will write a custom Essay on The US Government Role in the Declining Quality of Education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is a sign that the government gives more emphasis to this department at the expense of the education system in the country. Russell (58) has always argued that the Government of the United States has been keen to develop all its sectors equally, based on the pressing needs.
This scholar has held that the United States of America still remains one of the countries with the best education in the world, whether in public or private sector. This claim may be true. The claim may be factual when this comparison is to be done with other countries. However, the analysis should be based on what other institutions within this country offer.
Conclusion The government of United States has made an effort to ensure that government sponsored schools receive enough funding to help in the development. However, the gap between the private and public schools is too wide to be ignored. The private schools offer quality education because they have heavily invested in development of various academic facilities.
The government has focused so much on other problems it considers fundamental to an extent that it has limited attention on education. This explains the low quality education offered in public schools. It would therefore, be recommendable for the government to reconsider its focus on the education sector of this country.
Works Cited Carrasco, Frank. The American Education System Fails the Mexican American. New York: Cengage, 1971. Print.
Russell, John. The American Educational System: An Introduction to Education. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 2010. Print.
Tyack, David. The One Best System: A History of American Urban Education. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007. Print.
Adidas in 2009 Case Study writing essay help
At the beginning of the year 2009, Adidas Company marked the first quarter by closing its European and Asian headquarters as a result of a sharp drop in its profits.
Herbert Hainer, the CEO and Chairman of the Adidas Group, claimed that this would go a long way in ensuring that great savings would be achieved. In the description of the restructuring process, there has been a new creation of the organisational structure aimed at yielding some long-term developments in the company. In the restructuring process, the aim of the company was to get closer to the consumer through its products.
The company sought to develop new levels of management in its structure, where different initiatives would be developed to come up with more effective sales strategies. This restructuring was also meant to look at key markets, in which a global retail market structure would be adopted to enhance financial gains. Lastly, the company sought to have a € 100 million as its annual savings for all the costs incurred (Barton 2).
These restructuring processes were of importance in the financial aspect and business situation. As with the creation of a structure in the organisation, this would enhance realignment in the business. In turn it would report Adidas efforts to successfully compete with the international markets, albeit in a challenging environment.
A joint model with Reebok has been established to restructure the company’s strategy, which has made it possible to achieve synergy. It is through such collaboration that Adidas products have found their way into foreign markets throughout the world. With this strategy, the consumer and the company are in a good relationship. In addition, this has made finances in the company gain increased significance due to increase in volume of sales.
The Chairman of the Adidas Group firmly states that adopting some game changing structures, such as collaborating with other companies, has the potential to refine their business, which is a core task in bringing the consumer and the Adidas brands closer. The first quarter had reported a drop in sales. Therefore, to the business, it was necessary to seek new ideas in an aim to eliminate any unnecessary cost that would in turn contribute to business success.
To adopt a restructuring process that would be flexible and effective, Adidas (in partnership with other companies such as Reebok) came up with a joint operating model in European and American. With this strategy, major markets have been accessed with less difficulty. Through this form of collaboration, either partners remains as a single entity, but with renewed strength in its financial sector.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Complexity reduction is another restructuring strategy at Adidas Group, where simple products have been greatly accepted in the society. This, in turn, increases the volume of sales.
With the above initiatives, a better and healthy business environment has been achieved and financial sustainability will be achieved in the long run. One of the financial and business reasons that influenced restructuring at Adidas was to save on cost of up to € 100 million. Through this, the company expected € 1.8 billion of its annual sales (Beaudry and Groves 2).
Another reason was to reduce the regional offices to retail shops, which would bring the consumer closer to the company. Avoiding subsidiaries in the company would contribute to the cutting on costs and an increase in revenue.
The business restructuring observed in 2009 was primarily through management. It reported an increase in the company’s revenue and healthy financial reports. With the elimination of regional office, there has been a strong bond resulting from an interaction between global organisation and the local markets.
This holistic approach is still being adopted, especially with an increased market speed supported by technologies that are connecting Adidas Group to the rest of the world. In the process of restructuring the company’s own retail business, there is evidence of improved growth in retailers.
For instance, this has motivated Adidas Group to appoint a Chief Retail Officer with the responsibility of managing the company’s products (Barton 4). The development of a new organisational structure in different departments such as Finance and Information Technology has enhanced sharing of services. In addition, it has cut on costs, hence a good way of financial saving.
The collaboration between Adidas Group and other companies such as Reebok helps the company to identify different synergies. In fact, this is achieved through restructuring process where clear strategies have been developed. With these strategies, company and employees interests have been considered. Synergy has brought about success, with all the strategies under implementation being handled and planned adequately. Through this, a lot of cost is saved due to collective sharing of responsibilities.
We will write a custom Case Study on Adidas in 2009 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There is much creativity derived from synergy and through integration, restructuring and dependency, the group has adopted a corporate culture that has helped in achieving its financial and business goals. Synergy has also been a good way of creating sustainability because it has brought about a strong relationship between the company and its material suppliers and stakeholders. This restructuring strategy of having supportive members in the group has the effect of achieving collective performance.
Works Cited Barton, Elena. “Adidas Aims For Brighter Half.” FN: Footwear News 65.31 (2009): 4-1. Print.
Beaudry, Jennifer and Ellen Groves. “Adidas Plans Restructuring.” FN: Footwear News 65.18 (2009): 2-1. Print.
The Role of Steinbeck’s Women in The Grapes of Wrath (the Movie): When the Wind of Changes Blows Analytical Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Ma Joad
It is hard to ignore the fact that up until the beginning of the XX century, most of the deeds that the history ended up caring about were men.
For quite long, the role of women was restricted to household and child upbringing; however, in the first decades of the twentieth century, the stereotypical image of a humble housewife seemed to have started wearing out, which a number of the writers like Steinbeck expressed at the time.
Though the emphasis on the social, political and economical changes that gripped the South of the USA in 1930ies, John Ford in his adaptation of Steinbeck’s novel offered the audience completely new images of women and made it clear that women started gaining new social roles. The above-mentioned meant that female characters in literature were no longer the bland housewives or damsels in distress, but original characters with unique personalities.
Ma Joad First and foremost, Ma Joad must be mentioned. Allowing a character like this on a screen truly heralded the beginning of the feminist era. Even though Ma Joad is portrayed as a typical housewife, she does as much as any male protagonists in the movie. On the one hand, she is a perfect supportive mother who takes care of her family:
Sometimes they do somethin’ to you, Tommy. They hurt you – and you get mad–and then you get mean – and they hurt you again – and you get meaner, and meaner – till you ain’t no boy or no man any more, but just a walkin’ chunk a mean-mad. Did they hurt you like that, Tommy? (The Grapes of Wrath)
On the other hand, she is into the social and political changes that happen to the state. As a matter of fact, at certain point, she summarizes the entire movie, if not the entire era, quite in a nutshell:
Rich fellas come up an’ they die, an’ their kids ain’t no good an’ they die out. But we keep a’comin’. We’re the people that live. They can’t wipe us out; they can’t lick us. We’ll go on forever, Pa, ’cause we’re the people. (The Grapes of Wrath).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rosasharn Compared to the previous character, Rose of Sharon, or, as her friends and family call her, Rosasharn, is quite a downgrade. She does have a personality, too, but she comes nowhere near energetic Ma Joad. Instead of being protective like Ma Joad, she whimpers and moans: “Ma… all this, will it hurt the baby?”, while her mother reasons with her: “Now don’t you go gettin’ nimsy-mimsy” (The Grapes of Wrath).
Grandma Joad Grandma Joad is not given much screen time, unlike Ma or Rosasharn. However, it would be wrong to leave Grandma Joad out of account. According to what the characters who used to know her as she was younger say, she deserves to be mentioned as a female character whose personality was groundbreaking for the American cinematography of the time: “Your granma was a great one, too. The third time she got religion she go it so powerful she knocked down a full-growed deacon with her fist” (The Grapes of Wrath).
It is worth mentioning that, despite a new portrayal of women and establishing their new role in society, the movie still contains the clichés of the time. Even the leading female character, Ma Joad, is pretty much a staple of a typical housewife and the mother of the family. From the given perspective, she can be considered the typical caring mother of the family whose main concerns are her children and her household chores.
However, Ma Joad’s character is much more complex than that. She does possess certain features that were characteristic of female characters of the time, yet she takes actions, makes choices and decisions, which, in turn, makes her a complex and compelling female lead. The features that make Ma Joad somewhat stereotypical serve only to make her real; otherwise, Ma Joad would have lost half of the credibility and likeability that she has.
Finally, Mae, who is given a rather peculiar role in the movie, does not look as strong as Ma Joad or Mrs. Wainwright. Though she has a scene in which she makes a decision, giving children candies “two for a penny” (The Grapes of Wrath), she still does not have that much of personality, since her decision, as well as the rest of her actions are based on what Bert tells her: “Go ahead – Bert says take it” (The Grapes of Wrath).
Another female character in the movie who quite honestly should be considered a solid step back in the development of women perception in literature, is Granma Joad. Apart from the fact that she does or attempts to do little to nothing, she becomes so grief-stricken with the death of her husband that she loses her will to live, which results in her untimely death in the middle of a desert.
At one point, the audience can see her taking responsibilities and acting like a mature person would; however, her religiousness and the tendency only to supply color commentaries brings the significance of her character a few notches down: “Praise the Lord!” (The Grapes of Wrath). Therefore, out of all female characters, Ma Joad seems the most complex, challenging and well-rounded one.
We will write a custom Essay on The Role of Steinbeck’s Women in The Grapes of Wrath (the Movie): When the Wind of Changes Blows specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is essential that she is not portrayed as a completely out-of-epoch feminist and the person who always does the right thing and knows what to say; she has her sad moments, and the moments when she would rather have someone help her: “I dunno what to do. I got to feed the fambly.
What’m I gonna do with these here?” (The Grapes of Wrath). She gets angry, happy, and even irritated, like an everyday person does: “You can’t make us wait!” (The Grapes of Wrath), which altogether makes her a very believable and compelling new character.
Though it would be wrong to say that Ma Joad pulls the role of a self-sufficient woman alone, since there are a couple of other female characters who display similar qualities, Ma Joad definitely leaves the greatest impression. She truly represents a new female character in the American literature, a self-sufficient woman who, while caring about her family, also is socially active and engages into the activities that are typically considered the realm of men.
Apparently, Ford’s, as well as Steinbeck’s, intent was to focus on the social issues that affected the lives of the American farmers on the large scale, i.e., the events that occurred at the time of the Great depression, as well as personal dramas that evolved in this environment. However, together with the aforementioned issues, Steinbeck also touched upon a very peculiar feminist issue. To be more exact, whether he did it intentionally or not, Steinbeck offered the readers a completely new portrayal of women.
It would be a mistake to say that the women that the author depicted did not exist before; nevertheless, Steinbeck was one of the first to notice the tendency for women to try new social roles, and Ford in his adaptation was the first to display, which The Grapes of Wrath should be given credit for.
Works Cited The Grapes of Wrath. Dir. John Ford. Perf. Henry Fonda, Jane Darwell and John Carradine. 20th Century Fox, 1940. Film.
Book Review of American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us by Robert D. Putnam and David E. Campbell Analytical Essay college admissions essay help
Introduction Robert Putnam is currently a professor of public policy at the Harvard University (Cullen, 2011). David Campbell is presently employed at the university of Notre Dame as a professor in the department of political science (Cullen, 2011). Both the authors of this book are experienced writers who are well known for their literary works. Since both of them are social scientists, most of their books are based on societal analyses (Cullen, 2011).
At the time when this book was published, there were many controversies in religious practices in America. For instance, there were noticeable killings that were associated with religious conflicts (Alba, Raboteau
September 11th 2001 Analysis Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Introduction After the aftermaths of the 11th September, 2001 terrorism attacks, many questions become unanswered as to the mystery behind this act of terrorism. On a mission to solve these mysteries, a commission was formed; The Bipartisan 9/11 Commission to investigate the base of al-Qaida. Countries such as Afghanistan and suspects such as Osama bin Laden became famous to the public. It was because of these events that Lawrence attempted to answer questions about the 9/11 mysteries through a series of investigations.
Wrights accomplishment With a similar mission like the commission, Lawrence Wright, the American journalist, sought to investigate the reason as to why three thousands Americans lost their lives, who attacked them, why did the attackers hate them, and why did the American government avoided or was unable prevent these attacks. In his investigation, he traced the roots and linage of the al-Qaida. These were the main suspects of the attack as evidence revealed later.
Dozens of writers have written very many books on the 9/11 attacks and the attempts of the United States intelligence to stop them. However, the author of this book having lived in Cairo for two years, he had adequate knowledge about the Islamic environment and that is how easy it was for him to dig deeper in his investigations than the rest by relating his ideas and proving evidence of his data support. He screens and investigates the actions of many of those who were partially and impartially involved in the attacks.
One of his key findings was that all through there has been a crash between the west and the Arabs. The author creates his title from the 9/11 quote in the Quran by Osama bin laden. It occurred at a wedding and the words were ‘death is everywhere and can find you even in the looming tower’ (Wright 9).
Analysis The book authored by Wright is based on a research that took five years to complete, with interviews from men such as the counterterrorism chief John O Neil, Osama bin Laden, and Al-Zawahiri. He also based his research on documentary reviews and took into account what was the reason behind the formation of the al-Qaida and what was like in the inner circle of the al-Qaida.
He took interviews with over one thousand Arabs. His project was able to track down former friends of Osama as far as Sudan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen.
Behind the scenes, he draws his attention to Sayyid Qutd, the intellectual activist in the Islamic regime. In his findings, the ideologue returns to Egypt after a trip to the US with anti west Islamic movements. The influence was what has typically led to all these terrorist attacks (Wright 24).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The reason is that his two year stay in Colorado collage made him hate the United States due to their modern way of living. He could not understand the reason as to why there was sexual freedom, more enrollments of the girl child in college Judaism, and active Christianity.
He considered this to be secular and colonialism since most people from his native Islamic world were being assimilated into this culture. After his return to Egypt, he became so radical due to his opposition and dislike of the secular regime in his homeland. His plan to overthrow the government fails, which leads to his imprisonment and execution in 1966. The failure is what made him a martyr (Kakutani 1).
He introduces his next character, DR. Zawahiri, an Egyptian doctor and an admirer of Mister Sayyid works. He is an evil mentor and goes on forming the jihad. Wright thinks that were it not for Mister Zawari, Osama bin laden would not have turned his mind to jihad.
In his investigations with some of the close friends of Osama bin Laden, he is able to learn that Osama was not more into politics as well as Muslim opposition, but due to the influence of Mister Zawahri. Again, in his wealthy position, he was able to join the fight against the soviets. It was from this military success that Osama and his group gained their roots in religion. He frequently mentions Saudi Arabia which was Osama’s homeland and the country that was responsible for financing the most notorious groups.
Wright emphasizes that Al Qaeda was so limited on its objectives in its early development stages (Madison 12).It was seen as a harmless organization with an aim of fighting communism in Asian countries so as to restore hope to the people. America through the CIA was ignorant and ended up supporting some of the anti communist Muslim groups in order to fight the communists. Little did they know that these groups would take on them later.
Through the different actions, way of thinking, and policies taken by his characters, Wright tries to portray that the base of Islamic militancy is anti-modernly, anger, and pride for murder. He is not against the Islamic religion since it has played its roles in nurturing people to do what is right, but against some of its mentors who negatively interpret the word. They use religion to lie about Islam humiliation and degradation in an attempt to create enmity, militancy and achieve dominance.
However, his blame to the September 11th terrorist attack does not go to Islamist militant alone. He is also concerned about his government’s failure to delegate its duties. He is almost convinced that they undermined the existence of Al-Qaida though they had some basic ideas about them.
We will write a custom Essay on September 11th 2001 Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To criticize the fact that the 9/11 commission findings tried to favor the CIA and the FBI, he develops his argument through investing some of the security agents. He shows how ignorant the government was on John O’Neil’s report and how the CIA and the FBI lacked co-operation.
Notably, these are the dominant events and character traits that Wright uses to convince as to how we arrived at the September 11th 2001 booming and other attacks. That is from the rapid and complex growth of the Islam fundamentalism to the rise of the al-Qaeda and finally the failures of the intelligence services. The explanation reveals how he relates his ideas to give us a basic overview of his investigations.
Why al-Qaeda attacked the United States Wright argues that the attack began in the sixties after Qutb was upset with the western culture. He considered these cultures to have elements of godlessness and materialism. For instance, he does not understand why the girl child exposes most of her body with more priorities for her.
Sexual freedom is allowed to an extent where one could see the inside instinct of screaming in these women with an arousing smell of their feminine bodies. In the Arab countries, it was a taboo for women to expose their bodies or share the same environment with men. It is this hatred of modernization, materialism, Judaism, and culture that became the base of these conflicts (Fouda and Fielding 73).
Wright creates suspense to the reader of whether it would have been possible to have similar attacks were it not for Osama. He is partly convinced but his opinion can be contradicted to Huntington’s thesis, which shows that most conflicts in the post cold war were brought about by cultural differences between people. According to him, it is because of culture that the west is seen to undermine Islam. Other factors could be economical, ideological or political factors.
The theory of MacWorld versus jihad urges that the Islamic civilization and revolution is spurred by their religion, the western beliefs, political systems and values change with globalization, technology, and modernization (Barber and Benjamin 29). However much Osama would have been absent, conflicts could still have risen. They still could have looked for ways of justifying themselves to achieve an end and degrade the secular empire.
Another reason that would have motivated the attacks was failure of the Arabs to defeat the western dominance. Osama had an ambition of creating a Muslim modern world. That is why he used clerics to twist words in the Koran with the aim of recruiting militants for the mission.
The attack on the US would become a break through to victory against their cultural rival forces in Israel and America. Away from cultural rivalry, the September 11th attacks could be more of revenge against the American policies (Gertz 1). Maybe, the US backup policy in support of Israel or the presence of US troops in Saudi Arabia or the libel lion against the Iraq sanctions would have triggered the attacks
Not sure if you can write a paper on September 11th 2001 Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, I believe that the way Wright brings out the personalities of these characters and their ways shows an element of degrade that biases the reader. Osama is created as an idealistic, spoilt, and ignorant fellow who is horrifying. Wright goes ahead to explain that the formation of these groups was an escape to jealousness and humiliation to accepting the facts of the real world. However much his story is persuasive, critically it is not easy to believe that such an international conflict can be ruled in favor of one side.
The reason why the United States did not stop the 9/11 attack Another major finding that Wright developed in his work is that the United States has no one to blame for the attacks. The failure to stop the 9/11 attacks began from the homeland securities to the intelligent services. He mentions the holding of very vital information by the CIA from the FBI (Diamond 150).
He does not understand the reason as to why the CIA was hiding the identity of the hijackers and why they never reported them to have been residing in the USA before the attacks. A fascinating scene is shown in the book through photos of FBI agents having a conversation with two of the men about their identities. Cultural differences, personal conflicts as well as fear of loosing intelligence are some of the reasons Wright puts down that led to the failure of these agencies.
However, there is a major contradiction that lies in this chapter of the novel. Wright is very well convinced that only the FBI and the CIA can deal with terrorism. He argues that the September 11th plots would have been prevented if and only if the United States had weeded out suspects such as Osama bin laden, Al-Zawahiri, and the hijackers.
Evidently, this is rather weak finding for Mister Wright because it is just a short term solution whose investigations do not touch the base of the conflict. Alan Dershowitz contrasts Wright’s ideas by suggesting that even though we would have prevented these attacks, these people who are bound by oaths, beliefs and ready to die would still have continued with their mission.
The act would have continued even with the death of their leaders (Dershowitz and Alan 33). He comments that, “the Al-Qaeda movement is an all rounded movement, very complex and clustered all over the world and has back up to fill any loss of a leader”( Dershowitz and Alan 46).
Dershowitz suggests that effectual dealing with these threats and attacks can only be successful if we stop potential terrorists. The attempt would involve creating international policies that discourage and heavily penalize those who benefit from terrorism. The endeavor would include suppliers of terrorist materials and sympathizers.
He advocated for other strategies such as increasing and creating new agencies that specialize in intelligence over the aAl Qaeda, liberating the Middle East, giving voice to those who need to be heard in the Islam world, and getting hard on nations that sympathize with terrorism. Wright focus on the FBI and the CIA is not a very efficient approach.
It limits the critical thinking of the reader who is led to think of the FBI and the CIA as the core saviors of this situation. It is not fully satisfying to submit his opinion since no intelligence can address these future attacks fully in the US if the Middle East issues are not addressed. The reason is that Islam is a religion that has followers everywhere and Al Qaeda easily uses some of their sympathizers to militate for their war.
Strengths of the book In an opinion count, Wright can be seen to have a special way of conducting his search. When going over his work, the reader can have a clear background of what terrorism means. Having lived in Cairo in Egypt for two years, he has adequate knowledge on the roots of al Qaeda that developed from Egypt.
He designed his books in such a way that it outlines the main characters in a ten page list, a summary list of interviews, held and a clear bibliography of those in this investigation. He also attaches picture of those addressed so that the reader can have a clear picture of who is being addressed. Another unique aspect is his ability to compress such a bulk of information into a simple narrative that greatly provides the satisfaction of the readers urge to acquire the investigations and events of the 9/11.
Wright creates his work in two sets, the story of Osama and his counterparts, and on the opposite tries to explain the US anti terrorism effort to stop this. As you read along the book, Wright creates a flow of information from learning about the life of the characters such as Osama bin laden. To find the roots of the matter, he takes us back to the understanding of how the ant west policy was developed and the reason behind the birth of al-Qaeda.
On the opposite he is quick to investigate the US counter terrorist squad leader, John O’Neil, whose interest on the activities of Mister Bin laden aroused as early as 1990. However, he finds out that his investigations were greatly ignored by the then president Mister Clinton. He brings out the bureaucracy in the CIA and the FBI which gambled with the lives of many.
The facts in this book are backed up by background materials so as to bring sense to the reader. Reading this book is emotional as you imagine the collapse of the twin towers. It creates a distressing experience as one pictures the cries and loss of loved ones.
People do not see any sense in the al Qaeda tactics and with their counterparts. However, Wright helps his readers to understand the driving forces behind the al Qaeda from the history connections of events which are based on tribal rivalry to the terror attacks. Wright creates an undertone that contrasts and compares the American and Islamic cultures to try and show that these differences are the core to the 9/11 attacks.
Limitations Throughout his arguments, Wright places his blames mostly on the failure of the US security, the intelligence agencies and a limited number of individuals. The argument is not a solution to the fight against terror attacks as he puts down. He is so narrow in his thoughts since this is not a long term solution. In addition, he does not clearly explain the cause of these conflicts.
The way he portrays some of his characters really distracts the readers understanding. By always having so many negatives for the al-Qaeda, he is always ruling in favor of the Americans. Hence, he becomes so limited in finding a solution. He sees the counterparts of the al Qaeda group as spoilt, murderous, idealistic, radicals, and ignorant.
However, this is not the solution because these people have their own way of thinking that is created by their own culture and environment that tend to differ with the western values. That is why they see the westerns as seculars, godless and materialistic yet the westerns are God fearing.
Learning about different cultures across generations can help resolve these global conflicts among the upcoming generations. His argument can never allow the readers to appreciate the position of these people in the society. For instance, if the trend was to continue, young Muslims would be born with this or more anti western attitude and easily become assimilated in these militant groups even though they are born in America.
In contrast, their Christian brother would grow with the knowledge that Muslims are horrifying and murderous so they will have to do their best to eliminate them. However much his arguments seem to be highly persuasive, these elements of being one-sided lead to the distraction of the readers understanding of the occurrences.
It would be practically possible to end global conflicts through negotiations. The point is an aspect that Wright left out in his recommendations and failure to stop the 9/11 attracts. Research has shown that only one out of ten negotiations fail (Neumann 254; Bolton 66). The remaining nine either have their grievances fulfilled or moved to dominant level with little violence.
Relevance of Mister Wright’s works in relation to terror threats in the US The looming tower can be considered to be a deep research on the events of the 9/11 attacks from the numerous eyewitness stories, recommendations, and interviews from different personalities, some of who are close personalities of the suspects of these attacks. Wright was able to expose many of the riddles behind the 9/11 through his artistic portrayal of the main players.
It is from his findings that the government can learn that most of its intelligence and security agencies are not cohesive. They tend to be bureaucratic, non cooperative, divided by politics and culture. According to Wright, if the CIA had been cooperative with the FBI, they would have stopped the hijackers from entering the American soil. However, the CIA knew the existence of the people yet they were adamant.
It explains how easy three thousand lives were lost. Mister Wright is highly persuasive on this matter and goes ahead to show the repercussions of ignorance by Mister Clinton and President Bush on John O’Neil’s report in the 90s. According to Mister Wright, it is relevant to set policies and strategies that promote co-operation and teamwork amongst agencies because division means failure.
Wright shows the effects of religion especially the Islamic religion which the militants use by twisting it in a mission to recruit young militants. He shows how these men fear no death and are determined to do acts of terror with a feeling that they are doing gods work.
To offer answers to Jason’s analysis about centralization of the Al-Qaida, Wright finds out that the Muslim has a lot of cohesion amongst its followers. It is due to this cohesive nature of the Islamic religion that brings about effective co-operation among members even in the US born Muslim citizens. The weakness explains why we have a very complex decentralized network of al-Qaida groups.
Conclusion Mister Wright’s accounts have very strong back up support which makes him more unique than other writers of the 9/11 attacks. He is able to enhance the reader’s quest by having a detailed narration of the biography of each of his characters and facts about their actions.
However, his bias towards al Qaeda does not respect the position of these men in the society the core reason as to why they are fighting. It would have been fair if he reflected on the western part too. His evidence about the failure by the FBI and the CIA is not fully addressed. It does not offer solutions either.
The reason is that even though they eliminated the Al-Qaida leaders or the plane hijackers, their network is very complex and others would have taken into their foot steps. The finding is very limited as a solution. Inured to create a wider scope of recommendations, he would have widened his investigations by looking at aspects such as culture, race, environmental factors liberation, and international relations.
Works Cited Barber, Fred, and R. Benjamin. Jihad vs. MC World Course Materials; a Faculty of Political Science, London, UK: University of British Columbia, 2007. Print.
Bolton, Kent. U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking after 9/11: Present at the Re-Creation, New York, NY: Rowman
Amarika Case and Core Concepts Case Study essay help free: essay help free
Child and family’s experience of trauma According to one of the core concepts, traumatic experiences are inherently complex. All traumatic events usually involve varying traumatic experiences. In the case of Amarika and her family, their traumatic experience was that of witnessing an injury that was life threatening. Amarika’s mother, Makisha Lawrence, had been shot in the presence of her daughter. This was traumatizing to the child (Amarika) since she actually witnessed the incident. She watched her mother fall on her back after the bullet hit her.
Such traumatized children usually experience subjective reactions to such experiences. Amarika showed these reactions by behaving differently. She refused to eat and could not go to sleep. She also behaved differently when with her aunt, Latanya. She did not want to play with her and could not calm down even when her favourite show was on.
Similar to any traumatized child, Amarika considered a possible protective action during her trauma. She could not let her mother off her eyes since she was scared of losing her. However, this led to feelings of conflict. Her mother did not like the fact that she followed her around everywhere and this led to feelings of anger in Amarika’s part since she did not understand why her mother avoided her. Her mother’s reactions further added layers of complexity to Amarika’s traumatic event.
Understanding risk factors Amarika’s trauma occurred within a context that included both child-intrinsic and child-extrinsic factors. The child-extrinsic factors included her familial environment since her grandmother always left her behind when she went to visit her daughter in hospital. The risk that is associated with such traumatic experiences is the fact that they usually generate secondary adversities and may act as reminders to the child of such traumatizing moments (core concept).
Even after Amarika’s mother was discharged, Amarika always wanted to accompany her wherever she went since her mother’s absence acted as a trauma reminder and this affected her recovery. Amarika’s doll also acted as Makisha’s trauma reminder since it reminded her that she was not with her daughter at the time of the incident.
According to another core concept, children usually exhibit varying reactions to trauma and loss. Amarika’s reactions varied in intensity, frequency and duration. For example, she could not go to sleep and did not want to eat either. She only took milk. Her mother also observed that she usually fell intentionally on her back and lied down there motionless.
This particular course of posttraumatic reaction was influenced by the nature of her traumatic experience. She had witnessed her mother being shot and also watched as she fell on her back and lied motionless. Imitation of this event was in an attempt to understand what it felt like for her mother when she fell to the ground after being shot. This was also her only way of communicating her concerns for her mother’s well being.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Traumatic experiences not only affect the child but also the entire family and other caregivers (according to another core concept). In Amarika’s case, her grandmother was obviously affected. She feared mostly for her daughter’s safety. However, this usually disrupts the interaction between the caregiver and the child.
In this case, the grandmother seemed to be neglecting Amarika as she went to see Makisha in hospital. She was so worried about her daughter that she did not realize what she was doing to her granddaughter. Therefore, her concerns impaired her ability to provide care. Consequently, this reduced sense of protection and security caused Amarika to react negatively to Latanya and Mrs. Lawrence’s efforts to support her. Amarika’s family needed to know how to provide care for her in order for her to adjust.
Carla explained to Mrs. Lawrence about how her actions were affecting little Amarika. She knew that something bad had happened to her mother and instead of her grandmother attending to her, she left her alone. Her grandmother’s concern about the effects on her granddaughter helped in Amarika’s adjustment from the traumatic experience.
Traumatic experiences may significantly affect development in children (core concept). Carla had suspected that Amarika’s development had been affected. Particularly, she thought that Amarika’s ability to walk had been affected. Fortunately, Amarika was only trying to communicate something with actions.
According to another concept, culture may influence the traumatic experiences that a child and family go through. Amarika’s family is made up of black Americans and their neighbourhood is characterised by frequent violent. Amarika’s grandmother explained to Carla about the history of shootings in the neighbourhood.
She disclosed personal information and explained how she lost several close family members to such violence. The fact that their own people killed among themselves made them feel that they could not be safe in their own neighbourhood.
Challenges to the social contract usually influence how one responds to trauma and how he or she recovers from it (core concept). This usually happens when the influential figures in the society such as police officers and judges do not protect them from harm or ensure that justice is served.
We will write a custom Case Study on Amarika Case and Core Concepts specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the case of Amarika and her family, the police officers in the region did not do anything to help them in their situation. This was also the case for the previous cases of violence that resulted in the loss of family members such as Gus. Mrs. Lawrence complained that the police did not do anything.
Instead, they asked if Gus was involved in drugs. To make things even worse, they did the same thing when it came to Makisha’s case. They inquired whether she was involved in a gang. This made the grandmother feel as if the people who were meant to help bring solutions only made things worse.
Another risk involved in working with traumatized children is that it may cause distress in providers. This may make it difficult for the care provider to care for the victims effectively. For example, Carla had to reassure Amarika severally that her mother loved her. In several occasions, Amarika’s mother neglected her daughter since she did not understand what she wanted.
She also denied her cookies claiming that Amarika had to understand that she could not always get whatever she wanted. Makisha was also not comfortable when Amarika followed her everywhere. However, this was negatively affecting her since she had expectations about her mother’s social roles and responsibilities.
According to Amarika, Makisha was not fulfilling them. Therefore, Carla had to strengthen the child’s belief in the social contract. She had to reassure Amarika that her mother understood that she was scared and that she had missed her too. She also explained to her that her mother was not neglecting her but only wanted her privacy at some occasions.
An understanding of protective factors Danger and safety are major concerns in the lives of traumatized children (core concept). What Amarika experienced greatly undermined her sense of protection and safety. Watching her mother being shot and lying helplessly on the park grounds was very traumatizing to her and this explains her weird behaviour thereafter.
The fact that she could not let her mother go away from her without showing concern shows that she felt insecure. Her mother had to understand how to tell her that they were safe and that Amarika did not have to follow her around everywhere. In order to ensure her recovery from the traumatic experience, her mother had to reassure her that she recovered from the ‘injury’ and that the incident was not going to happen again. Amarika had to win over her trust in order to feel secure.
Protective and promotive factors are usually helpful in the reduction of the adverse impacts of trauma (core concept). Promotive factors played a role when Amarika’s mother was in the hospital. Amarika had to be encouraged in order to ensure that she positively adjusted even as her mother was still in the hospital.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Amarika Case and Core Concepts by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Promotive factors were introduced after the traumatic effects and Carla played an important role in guiding Amarika’s mother and grandmother in the proper way of handling the situation. The protective and promotive factors were mainly the child-extrinsic factors.
Amarika had a strong social support network that consisted of her mother, grandmother and aunt, Latanya. Her family members cared and supported her and this shows that these factors were strong. The strength of these factors both before and after the traumatic experience ensured that Amarika could quickly recover from the harmful effects of the particular traumatic experience.
Galveston Hurricane Influence on America in1800s and 1900s Cause and Effect Essay essay help online
The confrontation between nature and science has always been the main cornerstone for humanity as soon as people start gaining knowledge in various fields. Throughout the history, people have been struggling with natural powers to prove their superiority over it. However, their confidence in the possibility to conquer the nature did not help them much when they encounter Galveston hurricane.
Indeed, Isaac Cline was an honorable meteorological community; he had strong confidence in scientific knowledge that allowed him to predict storms by cloud motions and behavior. Therefore, the idea that a hurricane could destroy the entire city of Galveston was not even considered.
Nevertheless, in 1900, the American society felt stronger than it did before and, therefore, nothing in nature could prevent the prosperous development of Galveston. However, blind confidence had become the reason for the most horrible disaster in the American history.
At the threshold of the 20th century, the city of Galveston was considered a prosperous city with the population of about 37.000 residents. Due to its beneficial geographic location, Galveston had also become the biggest commercial city in Texas, which made the citizens become more proud of it.
The rapid development of trade relations had also contributed to technological advancement and, therefore, Galveston community believed that their progressive technologies could overcome the natural forces. In the book, Larson introduces his own research findings by stating, “…if things continued as there were Galveston soon would achieve the stature of New Orleans, Baltimore, or San Francisco” (12).
Hence, all scientists, businesspeople, and investors were more concerned with commercial and economic growth of the city rather than with meteorological situation. Gaining a reputation of a future cosmopolitan, people were, indeed, proud of the achievements and potential of the community development.
Galveston citizens had been reassured that no hurricane could destroy Galveston because of accurate temperature and meteorologist forecast. In the book, Larson refers to the characters as well-educated, confident citizens, who strongly believed that technological progress and scientific knowledge were reliable protection mechanisms.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In particular, the author writes, “Isaac was aware of himself and how he moved through the day, and saw himself as something bigger than a mere recorder of rainfall and temperature” (Larson 4). The scientist was able to explain even the strangest phenomena that ever happened.
In addition, Isaac had a clear view of the Gulf to make possible calculations and predictions concerning any threats to the city. He also knew about the peculiarities of the climatic conditions. However, the author emphasized this fact to prove the possibility of eliminating the tragedy if Mr. Cline admitted the probability of hurricane approaching the Gulf.
Cline’s extreme confidence in his knowledge of storm phenomenon was the major reason for ignoring the message from the Cuban meteorologists who identified the incoming storm on September 5. However, this weather information was not taken seriously by Galveston weather bureau, since they believed that their Cuban colleagues had failed to accurately forecast.
In particular, the meteorologist believed that “the Cuban…seemed to care more about drama and passion than science” (Larson 112). As a result of stereotypic judgment and false assumptions, the scientists had explicitly ignored the possibility of any hazards to the city.
Moreover, the government considered that telegraph messages sent by the Cuban meteorological status sought to conspire against their weather bureau. In fact, Larson introduced a number of facts proving that the Cubans could forecast weather with much higher accuracy than the U.S. weather station (113).
The history and evidence shows that there was indeed a storm in Cuba. So, should meteorologists believed their Cuban colleagues and consider the information, they could conclude that all tropical systems would turn north. The scientists, including Isaac Cline, did not even admit that the Gulf could be destroyed by the hurricane.
Rather, the national weather bureau had issued the news for the citizens, assuring that “The storm will probably continue slowly northward and its effects will be felt as far as the lower portion of the middle Atlantic cost by Friday night” (Larson 113). However, their predictions were mistaken and were largely affected by their extreme reliance on scientific knowledge. Negligence of the information sent by neighboring meteorological stations had led to irreversible consequences.
We will write a custom Essay on Galveston Hurricane Influence on America in1800s and 1900s specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Even when Isaac Cline admitted the fact of the approaching hurricane, the government never granted the permission to release information about hurricane warning because it would mean the admittance of the mistake. Moreover, the bureau refused to use the term hurricane in order to avert panic and preserve their reputation. Informed about storm, but not dangerous hurricane, citizens remained confident that there was no any danger.
Although the signs of the approaching storm were evident, the meteorologist firmly believed that no natural disaster could do tangible damage to the city. Mr. Cline was also sure that the town was not vulnerable to serious destructions because of the beneficial geographic location.
People’s reluctance to accept the superiority of natural forces had led to horrible consequences. The compelling story about the impact of stereotypes and increased confidence proves that the American society had failed to oppose the disaster, regardless of its advanced technological and scientific development.
After the hurricane, Galveston lost its reputation of a commercially prosperous seaport. Instead, it had become the symbol of the national tragedy, as well as a memorial for more than 8 thousand people. After the event, Galveston community fully realized their mistakes and constructed a seventeen-foot high wall to protect the city from hurricanes in future.
The fact that the citizens had totally reconsidered the protection systems in the city signified to the loss of confidence in their exceptional experience and knowledge, as well as their superiority over nature. Hence, Larson manages to portray the Weather Bureau in the light of insufficient experience and inaccurate previous forecasts predicting the hurricane. Cline should have listened to his intuition and knowledge rather than to his pride and complacency.
In conclusion, Galveston hurricane exemplifies the most horrible episode in the American history and presents an account on the meteorologists’ negligence that had become the reason for numerous deaths. Extreme willingness to gain power over nature was a priority for the Weather Bureau that strived to maintain its high reputation. Galveston community was also overwhelmed with confidence due to the prosperity and rapid development of the city.
Being one of the biggest commercial centers, the government failed to listen to the Cuban broadcast. Following false stereotyped did not allow the citizens to admit the possibility of threat. Even Isaac Cline, who was recognized as an expert meteorologist failed to predict the disaster. Hence, the blind confidence prevented them from protecting themselves. After the disaster, American confidence was entirely lost.
Works Cited Larson, Erik. Isaac’s Storm. Vintage, USA. Print.
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Strategic Analysis of Target Corporation Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
Corrective Measures The firm is involved in a law suit in which it has been accused of disposing off hazardous waste illegally. In a law suit that was ruled in 2011, a California judge ruled that the firm is liable for illegal disposal of hazardous waste since 2002 and should pay a penalty of $22.5 million while at the same time undertaking corrective measures concerning waste disposal. The firm took the corrective measures positively.
In addition to corrective measures, Target Corporation is environmental friendly since it is concerned with conservation of the environment. To this end, the firm has undertaken measures to reduce carbon emission as well as minimize energy consumed. For instance, it has adopted energy efficient LED lights and motion sensors in the refrigerators in a bid to protect the environment (Target Inc., “lawsuit”, 2011).
Corporate Governance Corporate Governance Structure
Target has strong corporate governance practices that are embedded in the original corporate guidelines that were set by the company’s founders, 50 years ago. At the top of the firm is the board of directors that understands that corporate governance practices must evolve continuously in order to balance the ever changing interests of the company’s stakeholders such as the management, the Board and the consumers among others (Target Inc., “Business Conduct”, 2013).
The board of directors is independent and the candidates for the board seats are selected with regard to the success they have achieved in their fields of specialization.
The tenure directors retire based on age and a maximum period of serving in the board. This is accompanied by a separate period of five years for retired directors. It is the duty of the board to conduct annual review of the firm’s management and succession planning (Target Inc., “Corporate Governance Guidelines”, 2011).
The board of directors of Target Corporation is helped by the management team of the firm that is headed by the company’s chief executive officer. The top executives in management are offered ownership of stock in the firm while part of compensation is in terms of long term equity awards. In addition, the executives are subjected to incentive compensation that is based on the achievement of set goals.
Concerning corporate responsibility, Target Corporation has adopted policies in which it is involved in the community’s welfare. Through its initiatives, the firm participates in giving back to the community and serving the community in various ways. For instance, the firm gives 5% of its profits annually to the community. According to Target Corporation (2006), this is about $4 million weekly. In addition, Target supports a strong, healthy and safe community that constantly consumes its products (Target Inc., “Issues Advocacy”, 2013).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Policies and Procedures
Policies of an organization could be determined through set procedures on performance of the operations of the firm. The firm is involved in civic activities in the country. The company has policies of uniting the country in all its activities.
To enhance this, members of the firms have been engaged in various civic activities such as stepping up for national service where the members went and served in their respective communities (Target Inc., “Corporate Political Contribution”, 2013). 10,000 volunteers participated in the UNITE America in Service event that was held on 19 January 2013. They packed 100,000 care kits to benefit members of the U.S. forces.
In another event, Target Corporation worked together with the U.S. Department of Justice to host a symposium that supported the cooperation of public and private companies in enhancing public safety (Target Inc., “Civic Activity”, 2013).
Politically, Target has a policy that allows its management to use funds set aside by the management as political contributions especially if the management feels that the funds will help advance company issues and therefore enhance meeting of the company’s goals.
Based on this, Target has contributed funds for political purposes in its financial periods. It has also established TargetCitizens PAC contributions in which it receives voluntary contribution towards this purpose. This is always good for the company as it enables the firm to be politically connected, which is essential for business operations of the firm.
With respect to sustainability, Target Corporation has established various policies that ensure that the firm conserves the environment. Target Corporation has established sustainable living through its manufactured products and services offered. First, the firm minimizes the energy consumed by utilizing equipment that consumes less energy such as LED lights and motion sensors in the refrigerators.
Target promotes healthy communities through its health programs. This is followed by production of sustainable products such as the seafood assortment that are wholly consumed and if they are disposed, they decompose thereby causing no threat to the environment. Wastes are recycled to ensure there is no harm to the environment while efficiency in operations ensures that quality products are manufactured. The production process utilizes clean energy that is environmental friendly (Environment, 2013).
We will write a custom Essay on Strategic Analysis of Target Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Community Programs
Various community programs Supported by Target involve community giving, support of veterans, civic activities and engaging in training and development (Community Event, 2013). In addition, the corporation is targeting to increase the number of customers by providing cheap products and services to the customers in their residing places.
Examples are the Target family matinee, Target free Sundays and Target free second Tuesdays. The firm sells its products in such activities at a low price that only meets production cost while capitalizing on increased awareness. These activities enhance customer loyalty since Target shows that is caring concerning customers’ needs.
References Target Inc., “Business Conduct”. (2013). Business Conduct Guide. Web.
Target Inc., “Civic Activity”. (2013). Discover Target. Web.
Target Inc., “Community Event”. (2013). Corporate Responsibility. Web.
Target Inc., “Corporate Governance Guidelines”. (2011). Corporate Governance. Web.
Target Inc., “Corporate Political Contribution”. (2013). Political Engagement. Web.
Target Inc., “Environment”. (2013). Environmental Sustainability: Our Commitment. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Strategic Analysis of Target Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Target Inc., “Issues Advocacy”. (2013). Corporate Responsibility: Issues Advocacy. Web.
Target Corporation. (2006). Target Corporation Corporate Responsibility Report. Web.
Target Lawsuit. (2011). Company Settles California Lawsuit over Illegal Waste Disposal. Huff Post Los Angeles. Web.
The State of the Union Address Analytical Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Main Points
Introduction This is an analysis of the State of the Union address delivered by President Barack Obama recently. In this article, I will outline the main points he addressed and show how he stated his social contract to the citizens of the US. My views and opinion are added to this analysis.
The Main Points The President touched on eight areas that are of great interest to the US. He touched on the US debt and showed commitment to reducing it. He outlined various ways on how the debt will be reduced. He also touched on taxation and argued that local businesses struggling to create American jobs should have taxes levied on them reduced.
He was very clear on job creation and challenged Congress to pass the American Jobs Act and the Paycheck Fairness Act, increase the minimum wage and generally help American firms to employ more Americans. Climate change was also of concern to him and he pledged to take several steps towards fighting climate change. He also talked about immigration reforms, education reforms, security, and gun control proposals.
Social Contract This address was a social contract to the people of the US. The President touched on key areas that affected everyday life of the citizens. Through the speech, he showed his commitment to run the government in a manner that will trickle benefits to the citizens.
The US debt affects the economy of the nation and he was loud and clear on his wishes to reduce it. Reduction of the debt will stabilize the economy and the people will benefit from this. This is expected of the government as the people governed are not in a position to manage the debt.
Another area that is sensitive to the people is that of job creation. The President promised to work hard and ensure a favorable environment is created to develop businesses that create American jobs. Creation of jobs is a government business and this is what he was exactly doing. By asking Congress to pass the American Jobs Act and the Paycheck Fairness Act, and also increase the minimum wage, he is fighting on behalf of the people to improve their welfare.
Reforming the immigration policies has been a very controversial topic in the US and a social issue affecting the people that need to be solved for once and for all. The President addressed this issue and noted that it was time to tighten the borders to avoid more illegal immigrants from flowing into the US.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Education and U.S. troops in foreign lands are two other sensitive issues to the people that he also addressed. The social calamities affecting people were also addressed showing the commitment of the president to creating a better environment for them.
Conclusion There were eight areas that the President addressed in his speech namely: the US debt, taxation, job creation, climate change, immigration reforms, education reforms, security, and gun control proposals. These are sensitive areas and affect people on a daily basis.
He showed good will in the light of social contract law by addressing areas the government has a duty to fix and promising that action will be taken to ensure that reforms are realized in these areas for the benefit of the people. In my opinion, the president did well in the address and touched on issues that concern the people.