Table of Contents Introduction
History of Judaism and its Sacred Texts
The Central Beliefs of Judaism
Questions about Judaism
Reason for Selecting Judaism
Important Aspects of Judaism
Challenges to Judaism
Introduction Judaism is one of the ancient world religions. It originated 3500 years ago in the Middle East. Today, Judaism has approximately 13 million followers in various parts of the world (BBC, 2014). Judaism is a monotheistic religion that is rooted in the Torah. The Torah is one of the major sacred texts of Judaism. It refers to the first five books of the Hebrew Bible (Young, 2013). The Jews believe that God revealed the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.
It also contains laws about how the Jews ought to worship God and relate with one another. Therefore, the daily practice of the laws in the Torah is crucial to the Jewish religion. This paper examines the history of Judaism, its important aspects and central beliefs as well as the pressing challenges facing Judaism.
History of Judaism and its Sacred Texts The history of the Jewish people can be traced back to Abraham. He is considered as the first Hebrew; hence, the father of the Jewish people (BBC, 2014). Due to Abraham’s faith, God promised to give him a son whom he would call Isaac. God also promised to give Abraham many descendants through his son Isaac. “Later, the descendants of Isaac were enslaved in Egypt” (BBC, 2014).
After several years of slavery in Egypt, God sent Moses to deliver the Israelites from the Egyptians. Moses was to guide the Israelites into the land that God had promised their father Abraham. During their journey to the Promised Land, God revealed Himself to Moses on Mount Sinai and gave him the Torah (BBC, 2014).
According to God’s instructions to Moses on Mount Sinai, the Israelites were to obey all the laws contained in the Torah (BBC, 2014). Thus, the Torah has remained to be one of the major sacred texts in Judaism.
Apart from the Torah, other sacred Jewish texts include the Tanak, the Oral Torah, and the Talmud. The Tanak refers to the Jewish sacred writings that consist of the Torah, prophetic messages and other sacred poetic writings (Young, 2013). The Oral Torah refers to the unwritten Jewish traditions, which God gave Moses on Mount Sinai. Later, the Oral Torah was recorded in a document called the Mishnah in order to preserve it from extinction.
On the other hand, the Talmud is a compilation of the Mishnah and the Gemara (Young, 2013). The Gemara comprises the commentaries of the Jewish spiritual leaders known as Rabbis. The Gemara emerged in Palestine as well as Babylon, which were renowned centers for Jewish scholarship (Young, 2013). Consequently, this led to the development of Palestine and Babylon Talmud.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Central Beliefs of Judaism The Jews believe in one supreme God known as Yahweh. They believe that Yahweh is the only true God who should be worshipped. According to the Jews, the name of God symbolizes holiness (Young, 2013). Therefore, God’s name can be substituted with other names such as Adonai, Jehovah Jireh and the Holy One of Israel (Young, 2013).
The Jews also believe that they have a covenant with God, which they keep by observing God’s laws. One major reason for obeying God’s laws is to enable them to attain holiness. They also believe that all human beings are created in God’s image and have free will (Young, 2013).
Questions about Judaism A number of questions have been raised about Judaism and its central beliefs. Some of the most pertinent questions about Judaism are centered on the Torah and the Talmud. For instance, “is the Torah superior to the Talmud?” This question arises from the belief that the Torah is a divine text that God gave Moses directly on Mount Sinai (BBC, 2014). This is contrary to the Talmud that consists of additional laws developed by the Rabbis.
Thus, the Torah should be the supreme law that the Jews should observe (BBC, 2014). The opponents of the Talmud argue that it acts as a hindrance to practicing the teachings in the Bible. They consider the Talmud as a text with several additional laws that were not part of Judaism at its inception.
Therefore, the opponents of the Talmud view it as a sacred text that mainly aims at controlling the Jews. On the other hand, the proponents of both sacred texts argue that the Talmud aimed at protecting the Oral Torah from being corrupted by men (BBC, 2014).
Other questions have also been raised about Judaism’s central beliefs. For instance, one of the central beliefs of Judaism is that human beings have free will (Young, 2013). Therefore, one possible question that can arise from this belief is, “why did God give a man a free will if He did not want him to sin?”
In a number of instances, human beings have a natural tendency to satisfy their desires. Thus, a free will provides human beings with a chance to sin against God. Moreover, the laws act as a hindrance to the free will.
We will write a custom Essay on Judaism’ Religion: History and Concept specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Reason for Selecting Judaism One of the major reasons for opting to research on Judaism is because it is one of the ancient monotheistic religions (BBC, 2014). Additionally, a lot of information has been documented about it. This provides any researcher interested in Judaism with adequate information about religion.
Consequently, one can be able to analyze various texts and information about Judaism in order to understand its different aspects. Additionally, Judaism has evolved into several branches. Thus, one can easily compare and contrast the different branches of Judaism.
Important Aspects of Judaism Judaism is one of the religions with a number of fascinating beliefs, teachings, and culture. First, religion is centered on the belief that human beings should strive to attain a moral lifestyle. Thus, in order to achieve this goal, the Jews have several laws that are contained in the Torah as well as the Talmud. These laws address all aspects of social life; hence, they act as a guide to enable the Jews to be moral.
Second, the Jews consider themselves as a chosen nation. Thus, their mission is to draw closer to God by living righteously. They are also supposed to serve as an example to other nations. Third, Judaism is anchored on the belief that there is only one supreme God. According to the Jews, God is omnipresent and omnipotent. Fourth, the Jews practice several festivals as a form of worship to God (Chabad Organization, 2014).
These festivals include the Passover, Festival of Weeks, Festival of Booths, New Year, Day of Atonement, Feast of Dedication and Feast of Lots (Chabad Organization, 2014). The festivals often occur in different months of the year. During the festivals, the Jews commemorate different occurrences in their history.
Additionally, the Jews observe the Sabbath on every seventh day of the week. During the Sabbath, they refrain from work in order to keep Sabbath day Holy (BBC, 2014).
Challenges to Judaism Today, Judaism still faces a number of pressing challenges. First, intra-Jewish relations have been a major challenge to Judaism. Over the years, the Orthodox and the non-Orthodox Jews have had disagreements among themselves (Chabad Organization, 2014). For instance, this has been characterized by regular clashes between Israel and American Jews.
The American Jews have often accused the Israel Jews of ignoring non-Orthodox views about Judaism (Chabad Organization, 2014). Second, increased inter-marriage between the Jews and non-Jews acts as a major threat to the future vitality of Judaism. For instance, this is rampant in America, which is an open and progressive society. Thus, the mixed marriages between the Jews and non-Jews might alter some of the Jewish beliefs and practices.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Judaism’ Religion: History and Concept by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, in some instances, the non-Jews often convert to Judaism. Third, Judaism still faces the challenge of reconciling tradition and modernity. For instance, Orthodox Jews have continued to reject modernity in their daily lifestyle. On the other hand, the non-Orthodox Jews have embraced modernity. Hence, these differences have been the genesis of conflicts between the Orthodox and non-Orthodox Jews.
Conclusion From the above discussion, it is evident that Judaism is one of the ancient monotheistic religions that have distinct practices, beliefs, and teachings. However, other forms of religion have also emerged because of modernity. Consequently, this may lead to the loss of its traditional teachings, beliefs, and practices.
References BBC. (2014). Judaism-An Introduction. Retrieved from BBC: http://www.bbc.co.ok/schools/religion/judaism/index.shtn
Chabad Organization. (2014). Jewish Holidays and Festivals. Retrieved from Chabad Organization: http://www.chabad.org/holidays/default_cdo/jewish/holidays.htm
Young, W. A. (2013). The World’s Religions: Worldviews and Contemporary Issues. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc.
Film Studies: Nowhere to Hide and Aimless Bullet Essay (Movie Review) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Masculinity The sets of masculinities depicted by the subject characters (Detective Woo, Detective Kim and Sungmin) are coherent with those of the corrupt cops and the robbers as well as the crime incidences. First, the movie titled as Nowhere to Hide relays an outstanding attribute where crimes arise from the male characters.
On the other hand, the investigators are aspired by the rise of the crimes that dictate the roles of detectives in the society. Essentially, men assume the role of serving and solving the recurring occurrences (Seung, 2005). In various instances, the interrogation of the suspects involves fierce strategies while retrieving information. The violence is apparent when a suspect is a male, which leads to bloodshed as men do not release information easily.
Other instances of masculinity observed within the movie involve fighting between the men. They use power and strength to achieve their aims. This aspect is not only revealed by the detectives while arresting suspects, but also by the suspects and robbers.
The outstanding character of Detective Woo is on his guts and fearlessness to face the prevailing situation. Even though the detective is not too bright, his partner (Detective Kim) becomes the exact opposite with a great reasoning capacity. The two characters are challenged with the intelligent, resourceful, daring, and skilled villain namely Sungmin.
Editing and Visual Effects The movie uses various repeated tactics involving the application of classic Korean music fitted into the right contexts of leisure experienced by the characters (Seung, 2005). For instance, the rock music performed by Cherry Filter has been used in it.
Nowhere to Hide Masculinity
The characters of the film titled as Nowhere to Hide relays various personalities of masculine nature. These personalities are revealed by the instances where men take major roles in committing crimes. There are aspects of untrustworthiness where cops associate with the robbers for personal benefits.
Furthermore, the most pertinent villain namely Sungmin is a man who does not only fight with Detective Woo and Detective Kim, but he also harbors illegal crime networks preserved through confidentiality and loyalty from his followers. The cops and the robbers are involved in fights amidst themselves. These masculine characters have been portrayed throughout the movie as crucial aspects.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The detectives fight out of anger while bringing the male suspects into custody. This trait is also practical when the detectives try to retrieve information from the suspects. On other instances, it is evident that Sungmin has the guts to act against the law through such actions as killing people and robbing (Seung, 2005).
This personality is coherent with the one of Detective Woo who does not care about the consequences of investigating against the law. He assumes that his goal is to protect the public and eliminate the villains by any possible strategy. However, Detective Kim is reasonable and cares about these legal strategies.
Editing and Visual Effects
The organization of this movie from the analysis of the basic issues of crime activities is not fully coherent. For instance, it is not clear why Sungmin becomes the most pertinent villain among others. Probably, the director can show why the prevailing crime being discussed is more vital in the movie than others.
However, there is a strategic placement of classic music within the episodes and clear pictures edited in a contextual manner. These are backed with quality soundtracks among other features. The movie has been recorded in a real context without much enhanced editing except at the instances of matching clips and inserting the minor attributes such as words.
Assignment 2 Comforts and Consequences
The movie titled Aimless Bullet depicts the various attributes characterizing family struggles and the part played by each person (Shin, 2005). For instance, Song Chul-ho takes responsibility of the extended family, since he is the oldest brother. The responsibility becomes overwhelming, since his income is low to sustain the whole family.
This responsibility disallows the chance to treat the dental problems, arouses differences between the brothers, and forces the younger sister towards prostitution. The young brother is not bothered about the needs of the family. Therefore, he plays as the villain who disorients the moods of other family members at his comfort. Essentially, he rarely bothers about his efforts in securing a job that can provide for him as well as the whole family.
The pregnant wife of Song is worried about the well-being of the husband (Jeong, 2006). However, the husband assumes that everything is going on properly to avoid stressing her during the pregnancy. Furthermore, the children do not only demand their father to provide for them, but also seek him to create time for family leisure.
We will write a custom Essay on Film Studies: Nowhere to Hide and Aimless Bullet specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is apparent that the younger brother is comfortable because the family responsibilities are at the hands of another person. The younger sister becomes a prostitute due to bad company (Shin, 2005). Whereas all these occurrences appear, the mother of Song has not been considered to have real comforts as she suffers from a mental illness. Her comfort is dependent on the assistances that she gets from the family members.
References Jeong, K. (2006). Nation Rebuilding and Postwar South Korean Cinema: The Coachman and The Stray Bullet. Journal of Korean Studies, 11(1), 127-162.
Seung, H. (2005). Toward a strategic Korean cinephilia: a transnational hollywood melodrama. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.
Shin, J. (2005). Globalisation and New Korean Cinema. Edinburgh University Press, 4(11), 51-62
Criminology Issues in Chicago Proposal college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Program Design and Narrative
Proposed Method of Implementation
Introduction Chicago, sometimes called “the Windy City”, is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the country; however, it also does have its share of crime resulting in the need to protect witnesses to ensure that a proper prosecution of criminals is implemented.
The city is divided into a standard grid with the financial business district located in the city center with areas related to manufacturing such as factories and warehouses located within the outskirts of the city with various apartment buildings, malls and government offices radiating out from the center. Roughly an hour away from the city, are the various sub-urban districts which consist of middle to high income families.
All in all, Chicago is quite similar to many of the major metropolitan centers of the country with its only distinction being its rather strong weather patterns and higher amounts of factories that are located near the city center as compared to areas such as Manhattan and L.A. that have their factories located farther out from the city.
Problem statement One of the current problems when it comes to dealing with organized crime syndicates within the city is the fact that they have the propensity of “silencing witnesses” (i.e. killing them) in order to ensure that a conviction is not implemented.
It is due to this that proper witness protection programs need to be implemented to ensure that witnesses continue to survive until they are needed and for a time after a conviction has been made to ensure that they continue to stay alive.
Program Design and Narrative The program design focuses on using a series of apartments located in the central business district of the city to hide the witnesses in plain sight. The logic behind this plan is that most of the apartments located near the central business district are popular and frequently trafficked, as such, this results in a considerable amount of private security already implemented within the area (Bhuckory, 2013).
It should also be noted that by placing witnesses in apartments located within the city itself, this helps to limit the amount of distance between them and the courthouse. The end result is a decrease in the potential for the witness to be killed on the way to the location.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Proposed Method of Implementation The proposed method of implementation is actually quite simple; the apartments will be bought under a pseudonym by the Chicago Police Department using the $500,000 in funds that will be provided. Once the apartments have been bought, witnesses can be brought into the apartment via the basement parking level of the building to avoid people from identifying the witness.
After the witness is safely inside the apartment, a guard detail will be placed to look after the witness while at the same time food will be brought in via a person going out to buy the food instead of having the food delivered to the apartment. This helps to further reduce the potential that someone might see the face of the witness and relay it to the criminal syndicate that might be after them (Employee Whistle Blower Protections, 2014).
Once the court date is near, the witness will be brought to the basement garage of the apartment building and from there they will be transported via a car to the courthouse in order to testify against the criminal in question.
Once a sufficient testimony has been given, the witness will be transported back to the apartment where they will wait for the decision of the jury. After a verdict regarding the criminal case has been successfully pushed through, the witness will be guarded at the apartment for at least 2 more weeks before they will be allowed to go back to their ordinary life.
It is expected that through the implementation of such precautions and with the use of the funds that will be donated, more witnesses will be willing to testify in court against the various criminal syndicates that are operating in Chicago since they will know that they will be safeguarded properly by the police (Paunovió, Staršević
Psychological Disorders Problem Essay best essay help: best essay help
Scientists have several theories on the causes of autism. It is possible to single out three major perspectives: genetics, prenatal development, and postnatal causes. Thus, scientists believe that genetics pays a predominant role in the development of autism though it is still unclear which genes are responsible for the development of this disorder and whether it is inheritable (Mash and Wolfe, 2013).
The next cause which significantly affects the development of the disease is the prenatal environment. Thus, the mother can get ill (especially infectious disease) or be exposed to substances. This can contribute to abnormal development of the fetus and lead to the development of autism. The third cause is rather irrelevant, and it involves infectious disorders of children which cause autism.
Learning disorders are associated with genetic influences, brain connections, and ear infections. Some children with learning disabilities inherit these disorders though scientists are unsure of the way genes are inherited. Distorted brain connections also contribute to the development of learning disabilities.
Hence, dyslexia is strongly correlated with abnormal brain connections (Norton, 2013). Ear infections prevent children from properly hearing and decoding verbal signals and they start lagging behind, become inattentive and so on.
The biopsychosocial model can be used to evaluate a child’s development as all major factors affecting his/her functioning can be taken into account. I believe all these factors are closely connected. For instance, when a child is ill and has to stay home because of a simple cold, his/her mood can worsen.
A child with a disability can develop depression as he/she feels a stranger and a person who is not wanted or even disliked. Admittedly, in less well-to-do families, children can have even greater psychological load due to inability to access high-quality medication or treatment.
Stalking Stalking should be seen as a serious crime as it often leads to homicide. Notably, common victims of stalkers are their intimate partners (Gosselin, 2014). This peculiarity leads to numerous complications. Thus, victims often try to solve the issue without addressing police, which only worsens the situation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The cases Crawford v. Washington and Giles v. California had a certain effect on the court’s response to intimate partner violence (Crawford v. Washington, 2011; Giles v. California, 2011). Offenders were judged in a more strict way as out-of-court testimonials were seen as permissible.
Therefore, prosecutors could gather more substantial evidence to convict offenders of their crimes. This will positively affect the situation as stalkers will have to think twice before they start their illegal actions.
It is necessary to note that stalkers are predominantly males (mostly heterosexual) and almost half of them are Caucasian and single. These characteristic features of a stalker can provide insights into the nature of stalking. First of all, it seems that stalking can be related to the concept of masculinity and possessiveness. Men cannot let their partners go and believe they have the right to force the partners to remain with them.
It is quite surprising that only half of stalkers are single. I have always thought that a stalker is a single often unemployed male with certain psychological disorders. The fact that married or non-single men are stalkers suggests that the problem rooted much deeper.
It is necessary to study the issue to understand what exactly makes stalkers pursue their victims. It is also necessary to implement research to identify possible genetic, psychological, socioeconomic causes of the problem. It can be also interesting to identify the particular reason why females rarely resort to stalking.
Memory, Information, Sleep It is possible to single out three major types of memory: short-term, long-term memory and sensory memory (Types of memory, 2010). Sensory memory enables people to remember information for a second and it cannot be prolonged even with the help of rehearsal. Short-term memory lasts for a minute but can be prolonged though rehearsal. Long-term memory stores information for an indefinite time, for whole life, for example.
Long-term memory can be explicit or implicit. The former is unconscious and the latter s conscious. Explicit memory is all about events and facts. People can easily retrieve it consciously. Implicit memory is often related to body movements and skills, for example, playing the guitar, riding a bike and so on.
We will write a custom Essay on Psychological Disorders Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Information is transferred from one hemisphere to the other with the help of small commissures (Kalat, 2013). Anterior, posterior and hippocampal commissure are involved in this transfer. Information transfer from one hemisphere to the other is essential for proper functioning of a human body as one skill or action may require impulses from both hemispheres.
Sleep is closely connected with depression. Lack of sleep can cause depression and, vice versa; depression often leads to insomnia (Kalat, 2013). It has been acknowledged that lack of sleep leads to the development of numerous psychological disorders as the brain is not fully restored. Depression is often associated with anxiety and insomnia which worsen the patient’s condition.
There are two major types of depression treatment: the use pharmaceuticals and cognitive behavioral therapy. Drugs provide certain elements to the brain to block depressive mood. As far as I am concerned, it is better to identify reasons for depression and try to help the patient cope with his/her issues. Dependence on drugs will not help people live full lives and solve numerous issues our life has to offer.
Reference List Crawford v. Washington. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2003/2003_02_9410
Giles v. California. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2007/2007_07_6053
Gosselin, D.K. (2014). Heavy hands: An introduction to the crimes of family violence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Kalat, J.W. (2013). Biological psychology. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
American Architecture “Fallingwater” Essay essay help site:edu
A building that amazingly combines the elements of Feng Shui, the Chinese philosophy of harmony, and the designing solutions, which serve as the characteristics of the Western esthetics, Fallingwater is one of the most famous buildings in the history of the American architecture.
Wright, however, clearly preferred the postulates of the Chinese wisdom of the Feng Shui philosophy (Fiero 21) to the pragmatic concepts of Western architecture. A single look at the building is enough to understand that the house is supposed to represent the universal harmony that the Feng Shui philosophy is based on. To be more specific, the spaciousness of the house allows for the flow of positive energy, which is known in the Chinese philosophy as chi.
However, by far the greatest step towards creating an environment where Feng Shui principles rule, the incorporation of such crucial elements of the Feng Shui philosophy as earth and water must be mentioned. Indeed, a closer look at the building and its location will reveal that the building is located in close proximity to the waterfall of Bear Run and the Mill Run River.
As far as the earth symbol of the Feng Shui philosophy is concerned, it is represented by the location of the house, i.e., the land that the Fallingwater rests on, as well as the numerous trees that it is surrounded with.
Thus, the very environment of the place predetermines a perfect flow of chi in accordance with the Chinese philosophy and the concept of “organic architecture”. In a way, the look of the house is quite similar to the structure of a Japanese Pagoda; the same multilayered structure is the key feature of the latter.
The design of the interior and exterior of the house also aligns with the key principles of Feng Shui, particularly, with the concept of oneness and the principle of energy circulation. Speaking of the exterior of the house, one must mention its shape.
The first detail that falls into one’s eye immediately is the clever use of shape, as well as unique line work. The curvy shape of the exterior allows for creating an impression of the additional spaciousness and, therefore, the feeling of openness, which is quite alien to the Western culture and the Western principles of architecture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The same can be said about the interior of the building (Fiero 21). In contrast to the traditional Western principles of architecture, FLW did not attempt at making the elements of the urban design evident; quite on the contrary, every single design choice seemed to conceal any presence of civilization and create an illusion of the nature taking over the place completely.
For example, the low level, at which the elements of the house furniture were located, could be interpreted as a means to bring the element of the earth closer to the resident of the Fallingwater. Likewise, most of the elements that are crucial for the household, including kitchen utensils, bathroom, etc., were made barely visible, while the concepts that were supposed to marry nature and civilization were constantly on a display.
Finally, such detail as color should be noted to add to the impression of Fallingwater being the representation of the Feng Shui philosophy. There is no need to stress that urban architecture traditionally does not presuppose active use of bright colors quite, on the contrary, most of the latter are rather inexpressive.
However, the choice of colors that are traditionally made by urban architects does not align with the palette used for Fallingwater either. Instead of using the colors that remind of steel, concrete and other elements of the urban design, FLW chose the palette that could mask the house as a part of the landscape. For example, the outside of the house is barely visible on the background, with grayish and brownish color cast reminding of stone and wood.
The interior also reminds one of the woods; however, inside the house, the colors are slightly more saturated. Thus, the yin (the darker and the subordinate element) and yang (the lighter and the superior element) are intertwined and incorporated into the overall design of the house interior.
One might argue that the darker colors, which the design of the interior is based on, may create a rather gloomy atmosphere; however, inside the house, the colors are also balanced in a very original way.
Unlike the walls, the ceiling and the floor of the house, the furniture is of much lighter color shade, from walnut to ivory. As a result, the contrast between the designs of the aforementioned interior elements is far from striking, yet it still creates a unique peaceful mood.
We will write a custom Essay on American Architecture “Fallingwater” specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It seems that the Fallingwater house and property require very expensive maintenance and preservation procedures. However, it would be wrong to consider Fallingwater a waste of money. Instead, it should be viewed as a cultural heritage of the era and the amazing brainchild of a genius architect. Despite the costs, Fallingwater is the building that is worth preserving.
Works Cited Fiero, Gloria. The Humanistic Tradition, Book 6: Modernism, Postmodernism, and the Global Perspective. New York City, NY: McGraw-Hill Humanities. 2010. Print.
Psychology Issues: Asperger Syndrome Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Possible causes of this disorder
Introduction This research paper is aimed at analyzing such a disorder as Asperger syndrome. In particular, it is necessary to examine the diagnostic criteria according to which medical workers can identify this illness. Secondly, one should discuss possible causes of this disorder. Furthermore, much attention should be paid to current treatments that can be used by educators and therapists in order to assist children or adolescents.
The understanding of this disorder can be valuable to many professionals. It should be noted that Asperger syndrome can usually be diagnosed between the ages of five and ten (Stanford, 2002, p. 28). One should also bear in mind that in the United States, there are more than a million people who can have this disease (Baker
Medicine Issues: Emphysema’ Disease Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
The increasing dilemma of dealing with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), as an empirical research asserts, is the major challenge that the primary care physicians and their counterparts, medical specialists currently face. COPD refer to the two lung complications, that is, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
This is asserted because both diseases are characterized by obstructing the smooth flow of air through the trachea into the lungs, thus interfering with the normal breathing process, and the two diseases normally coexists.
However, to narrow down into emphysema, Emphysema aptly defines it as a long-term persistent lung infection that is marked by over enlargement and shrinking of lung-like sores in the lungs muscles (par. 1). Since in such conditions the carbon IV Oxide is confined in the lung-like blisters, each new breath to supply the lungs with fresh air needed by an individuals’ body, thrusts the air truck walls outwards upon each fresh breath.
As the process continues over a period, the difficulty in air transfers arises, thereby causing expansion of the lungs. The lungs then losses the elasticity, and eventually the process destroy the lung tissues. This leads to the retention of high volume of carbon IV Oxide in this respiration organ, thereby shrinking the space for clean air.
As a result, the condition makes an individual to suffer from shortness of breath (Emphysema par. 2). The major muscle used for breathing, that is, the diaphragm flattens. Consequently, the diaphragm does not perform its functions as expected.
Causes of emphysema Even though medical practitioners, authors and medical researchers across the world admit that emphysema is majorly caused by smoking, the University of Michigan Health System points out that the dreaded diseases can be because of either one or a combination of cigarette smoking, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, or Air pollution (Emphysema par. 4).
Smoking of cigarettes changes the operation and alignment of lungs, thereby enlarging them and eventually losing their elasticity. As noted, smoking of cigarettes augments the amount of inflammatory cells in a smoker’s respiratory organ; the increased cells discharge enzymes, which damage the tissues of the lungs (Emphysema par. 4).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Because of the excess enzymes and other products, the lungs develop bullae and, at the same time, lose its elasticity, thus resulting in emphysema.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
Apart from smoking of cigarettes, the University of Michigan Health System notes that Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is another common cause of this chronic disease. However noted as a cause, in comparison to smoking, the deficiency is said to be of negligible volume.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin, as the University of Michigan Health System indicates, is a natural protein that circulates in the blood in order to keep the white blood cells from harming the regular tissues. Where the Alpha-1 antitrypsin are deficient, which in most cases are genetic condition, the white blood cells continually damage the lung tissues, thereby resulting in emphysema (Emphysema par. 6).
However, empirical research declares that individuals with Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency have high chances of developing the chronic complication at a tender age.
Exposure to poor environmental conditions such as air pollution and second hand smoking is suggested by several studies to also contribute to the cause of emphysema.
Sign and symptoms of emphysema These include shortness of breath, wheezing, a barrel shaped chest, fatigue and a continued loss of weight.
Treatment of emphysema According to the University of Michigan Health System, treatment for emphysema can be accorded in different ways, such as the use of bronchodilators, steroids, antibiotics, and oxygen. Nonetheless, empirical research shows that each individual response differently to same medication. Therefore, any intake of the steroids should be under a doctor’s prescription.
We will write a custom Essay on Medicine Issues: Emphysema’ Disease specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, emphysema patients can deploy the use of pulmonary rehabilitation and exercise to increase their endurance. In so doing, it is exceedingly imperative to note that the patients exercise in nontoxic and examined atmosphere in which the level of oxygen is checked constantly.
Still, additional oxygen when supplied to the patients can assist in decreasing shortness of breath, as well as wheezing. Similarly, this should be supplied under the instruction of a physician. Moreover, under circumstances where the medical treatments fail to bear fruits, the University of Michigan Health System affirms that surgical options can be applied. These may include lung transplantation and lung size reduction surgery.
In all the scenarios, the authors emphasize that all the patients with this chronic condition ought to avoid direct and passive smoking, as well as air polluted regions in order to mitigate additional destruction to the airways (Emphysema par. 8). In addition, these patients ought to involve in consistent workouts.
Similarly, emphysema patients should seek a flue vaccination in the early fall of the disease, as well as a timely treatment of any lung infections that may emerge. Lastly, emphysema patients ought to take small quantities of food severally per day, drink ten to twelve glasses of liquid products per day. In case of patients with excess weight, they should devise means of losing weight in order to minimize wheezing.
Works Cited Emphysema. N.p., 5 Apr. 2014. Web. 20 June 2014.
Management Issues: Conflict Mediation Essay college essay help near me
The type of situation presented in the video is frequent for any workplace. Modern world is a diverse place and many companies face the challenges of working with employees that share different views, belong to different cultures and social groups.
It is very important that the leaders of such companies apply the skills of conflict mediation in order not to let the interpersonal relationships influence the effectiveness of the business process and the organization’s success.
Mediation is represented by a process of negotiation between the sides of a conflict. The process has to be guided by the third side, which is to remain neutral and cannot be in charge of the decisions (What Is Mediation? 2010). The role of this side is to provide guidance and take the situation under control in order to achieve a civilized conversation (What Is Conflict Mediation? 2009).
It is important that the third party acts neutrally and treats the opinions of both sides with respect. The role of the mediator is to prevent the conflict from getting even more heated. Mediation is needed because it is a well known fact that the sides of the conflict cannot succeed at resolution because it requires objectivity, which is very hard to achieve when a personal topic is argued about and both sides have subjective interest in it or feel unfairly hurt.
In the video Syl has to act as a mediator in a conflict between Bob and Daniel that are arguing about a personal matter. This conflict prevents the managers of one company from collaboration and creates a delay in the project. The company’s business is affected by the interpersonal relationships between the workers and the careers of the workers are under the influence of the subjective argument.
My answers to the questions about the situation between Bob and Daniel were slightly different from the decisions Syl made in order to mediate the conflict. The first question was about Syl’s primary objective, to my mind, it was the avoidance of the conflict, because the meeting was supposed to explore the development of the business project and there was a danger that this discussion might go the wrong way and distract everyone from doing their jobs.
The second question was about Daniel’s perception of the problem. I think it was biased. Obviously, Daniel felt insecure and vulnerable about the subject as his lifestyle was not approved by a colleague. Moreover, there was a chance that the employees would spread the rumor and ruin the confidentiality, which would create a lot of discomfort for Daniel.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Syl’s role was to listen and see the conflict from both points of view and show maximum understanding. Listening is the key in conflict mediation (Foster 2014). The third question was about the actions Syl should have made in order to avoid a heated discussion. To my mind, she should have started the mediation at that stage and addressed the argument right away instead of changing the subject.
I think that the earlier a mediator catches the conflict, the more effective the resolution will be. The last two answers I gave matched Syl’s ideas. I think that her concern about the project was reasonable and the measures she decided to take such as empowering Daniel and creating more comfortable conditions for him were the best solution.
In conclusion, what Syl said after the conversation was very wise; Bob has to learn to show more tolerance and flexibility. Moreover, to my mind, Bob turned the situation into the problem by letting his personal beliefs affect his work and refusing to collaborate with Daniel.
Reference List Foster, N. (2014). Good Communication Starts with Listening. Retrieved from http://www.mediate.com/articles/foster2.cfm
What Is Conflict Mediation? (2009). Center for Conflict Resolution. Retrieved from http://brainz.org/what-conflict-mediation/
What Is Mediation? (2010). Brainz. Retrieved from https://ccr.byu.edu/content/what-mediation
Political Sciences: the United States Army Essay online essay help: online essay help
The United States is considered to be a country with the strongest army in the entire world. Therefore, the most critical question that ought to be answered here is about the secret behind the establishment of a strong army in the world. Besides the expansive role of protecting the country’s territory, the United States Army has a code of conduct that makes it intensely involved in community service across the United States.
As such, this paper explores the profession of the United States Army. The paper argues that the United States government invests heavily in the army, which is a factor that makes the army a key contributing force in securing the United States territory and citizens.
According to Kohn (2009), there are three key definitive factors for positioning the army in terms of professionalism. Intellectualism is the first factor, the second factor is the interplay of politics, and the third factor is the moral or ethical stance of the army. The development of professionalism in the United States army is something that is often weighed against these three elements.
These three elements depict the challenges that often face the development of the armed forces. The question here is whether the United States army has managed to overcome these challenges. The army in the United States is a trusted body. The implication here is that there are a lot of expectations on the side of the United States public on the professional conduct of the United States Army.
At this point, it is imperative to bring into the picture the assertion that, “Current Army doctrine calls for “mission command,” “task and purpose” and “intent-based” orders to guide the execution of military operations” (Reed, 2012, p. 1). This assertion comes from the observation that the United States army has been intensely deployed in conflict zones across the world to help restore security in the zones.
What comes out of the army operations is, in most cases, contrary to the expectations of the global publics about the United States Army. The conduct of the United States army often goes far below the expectations of the public, with a high number of cases of torture and other incidences of human rights violations often reported in the areas where the army is deployed (Reed, 2012).
A look at the history of the United States Army, especially from the beginning of the 20th century to date, denotes the intensive deployment of the army in different regions of the world to help protect the interests of the civilians in these regions. However, it is imperative to note that the civilians have often been subjected to the negative attributes of the military operation in almost all the major operations that have been conducted by the United States Army.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is what raises a lot of questions on the ability of the United States army to employ professionalism and ethics when it is deployed in different regions to help in securing the interests of the civilians (Reed, 2012). According to the Department of the Army (2013), serving in the United States Army is not only considered to be a calling, but also a chance for an individual to embrace professionalism when discharging services to the citizens of the United States.
One of the most outstanding definitions of an army profession in the United States is a person who embraces ethics in the discharge of military duties, as embedded in the assertion that, “An Army professional is one who acts as a steward of the Army Profession while adhering to the highest standards of the Army’s Ethic” (Department of the Army, 2013, p. 1).
While the army sets standards of operation embedded in the ethical standards, leadership in the army is an essential tool that works towards ensuring that the set standards are adhered to by everybody serving under the United States Army.
Expanding on the issue of leadership as an essential tool that ensures that the competence and professionalism of the United States army is maintained, it makes sense to assert that, “A profession is a trusted self-policing and relatively autonomous vocation whose members develop and apply expert knowledge as human expertise to render an essential service to society in a particular field” (Department of the Army, 2013, p. 1).
This is in line with the embrace of professionalism in the army as embedded in the rules that guide the operation of the United States Army. The reason why the United States government invests billions of dollars in the army is to enhance the capacity of the army to discharge its operations, more so securing of the citizens of the United States from any dangers that come from within and outside the country.
The question here is whether professionalism that is on the paper is applied by the United States military in its operations, especially the operations that are carried outside the country’s territory (Reed, 2012).
Reed (2012) observes that the current structure of operation in the army is something that comes to the attention of a substantial number of commentators, especially in regards to the embrace of professionalism in the military operations that are mounted in different regions across the globe.
We will write a custom Essay on Political Sciences: the United States Army specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most importantly is the embrace of leadership and professionalism in the army is the moderation of the structure of command in the military so that the military men on the ground are given a chance to make rational and ethical decisions concerning the security situation on the ground.
At this point, it makes sense to revisit the observation by Kohn (2009), who brought up the issue of politics and a challenge in the enhancement of professionalism in the operation of the military.
The United States army, as much as it is applauded for having the required technological and communication competencies to make operations more efficient, is sometimes blamed for sidelining the ethical code because of the rules and instructions that they receive from the United States when they are on the ground.
While the investment in the United States army makes them highly equipped in terms of skills, the competencies are often watered down by way of the failure to pay attention to the critical question of ethics in the discharge of work by the armed forces.
Professionalism is necessary for the operation of the armed forcers. The United States Army has a strict code of conduct that denotes the embrace of professionalism in the operation of the members of the army.
The points presented in the paper denote the difficulty in balancing between professionalism and other interests, especially from the political spheres. Politics and the issue of structured command often derail the army from the total embrace of professionalism in the operation of the U.S. Army.
References Department of the Army. (2013). The army profession. Washington, DC.
Kohn, R. H. (2009). Tarnished brass: Is the U.S. military profession in decline?. World Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/tarnished-brass-us-military-profession-decline
Not sure if you can write a paper on Political Sciences: the United States Army by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reed, B. J. (2012). Leader development, learning agility and the army profession. Land Warfare Paper No. 92, October 2012. Retrieved from http://www.ausa.org/publications/ilw/ilw_pubs/landwarfarepapers/Documents/LWP_92_web.pdf
“The Birds”: Movie by A. Hitchcock and Story by D. DuMorier Essay (Movie Review) custom essay help: custom essay help
The well-known film called “The Birds” created by Alfred Hitchcock is based on the story by Daphne DuMorier, which has the same title. Even though both works are named the same way and seem to have the same themes, they are very different. Hitchcock’s film was made in 1963, the story was written in 1952.
The director transformed the plot and the characters; he changed the settings. The story by Daphne DuMorier takes place in a small country town in cold England. Hitchcock’s characters live in San Francisco and Bodega Bay, California.
What evidence of foreshadowing is there in the movie and the story? Both the story and the movie are designed as a sequence of horrific happenings that have no explanations. The birds in the area where the main characters dwell go restless and aggressive, they gradually become insane and start attacking buildings and people.
From the very beginning of the film and the story, the main characters start noticing the unusual behavior of the wild birds. Though, in the film, the first element of foreshadowing happens when the characters meet at the pet shop, where Mitch wants to find a pair of lovebirds “that are just friendly” as a present for his little sister (The Birds).
The birds that we see as a symbol of love, attachment, and devotion are used in the film as the first sign of a tragedy that has a supernatural character and is inevitable. In the story, the first elements of foreshadowing are the main character’s observations that “the birds had been more restless than ever this fall of the year, the agitation more marked because the days were still” (DuMorier, 1).
The stillness of the days reflects the famous belief that unusually quiet times always foreshadow something really bad. Besides, in both the film and the story, there are scenes, where a bird kills itself hitting a wall or a door. In many cultures of the world, this is a sign that is normally interpreted as an omen.
What themes does Hitchcock touch that is not in the story? Are there any common themes? The common themes of the story and the film are the confrontations between people and the supernatural, people, and nature. In both the story and the film, the characters that have not been cautious about the birds’ attacks are found dead later. This is how both Hitchcock and DuMorier note that unreasonable bravery leads to negative consequences. Besides, both authors suggest a new perspective on something very common.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More We see birds every day, they are all the time around, and there are thousands of them in every city, the film, and the story present an alternative view to the possible threat and power these creatures could have if they united and attacked together. Neither of the works contains an explanation of the aggression of the birds and their strange and dangerous attacks.
Though, it turns out that making his film Hitchcock has been under the influence of an event that happened in 1961 in San Francisco when thousands of sea gulls killed themselves flying into walls of various buildings (The Birds (1963), par. 5). This mass suicide was caused by a toxic poisoning of the birds.
The special theme Hitchcock raises in his film that is not in the story is the issue of environmental pollution and the fact that the aggression of the birds may have been the result of people’s effect on the environment.
Works Cited DuMorier, Daphne. The Birds. PDF file. n. d. Web. Jun 13. 2014.
The Birds (1963). Filmsite. 2014. Web. 13 Jun. 2014.
The Birds. Dir. Alfred Hitchcock. Perf. Rod Taylor, Tippi Hedren, and Jessica Tandy. Universal Pictures, 1963. Film.
The Inclusive Education Program in the UAE Essay (Article) college essay help online
Table of Contents Study question/hypothesis
Background of the research: Review of literature
Study question/hypothesis This research attempts to examine the positive and negative outcomes of the inclusive education program in the UAE from the teacher’s point of view. Since several problems, as well as the strengths of the programs, had been identified, the researcher expected the teachers to prove both positive and negative perceptions on the situation.
Background of the research: Review of literature The researcher has attempted to develop a strong justification for the study based on a brief but comprehensive review of the relevant literature. The review considers the supportive and opposing claims about the idea of inclusion programs in the national education system.
In particular, studies and claims developed outside the country, especially in the western nations, have been reviewed. The author finds that the main opposing claim against the idea of inclusive education programs is that managing classrooms is quite hard because the addition of students with disabilities to normal classes requires additional time and resources.
Study methods In the second section, the article reports a study the researcher carried out in the UAE. It examined some 56 teachers to determine their perceptions of the inclusive system. These were teachers assigned to inclusive classes.
Findings The study found that teacher perceptions could be classified into a few categories. First, attitudes and inspirations affect outcomes and perceptions. Secondly, outcomes are affected by the nature of inclusive education in the involved schools.
Conclusion The article concludes that while the expected benefits of the system are significantly huge, the teachers involved in facilitating learning were expected to have different perceptions of the plans, which formed the main study problem (Anati, 2013).
Also, the study proposes that the program has both positive and negative impacts on the involved parties, including the teachers, normal learners as well as learners with disabilities, an aspect that could be examined from a teachers’ perspective.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reference Anati, N. (2013). The pros and cons of inclusive education from the perceptions of teachers in the United Arab Emirates. International journal of research studies in education, 2(1), 55-66.
Criminology: Water Boarding Torture Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Benefits of Water Boarding
Criticism against Water Boarding
Introduction In the US, law enforcement officers interrogate apprehended suspects through various techniques. Uncooperative suspects habitually refuse to answer questions during interrogation. This compels law enforcement officers to use eccentric techniques to get critical information from criminals. Waterboarding is one of the unconventional techniques of extracting information from uncooperative criminals.
Over the years, waterboarding has been used in Europe to get information from suspects. In the US, “application of waterboarding technique has remained controversial among lawmakers, criminal investigation officers, and legal experts” (USA Today, 2007). For example, some individuals contend that waterboarding is similar to other forms of torture (USA Today, 2007). This essay supports waterboarding because of the following reasons.
Benefits of Water Boarding Waterboarding is a kind of torture in which a suspect is subjected to a drowning experience. It involves pouring water over a fabric wrapping the face and respiratory openings of a powerless suspect. This technique makes a suspect uncomfortable.
Hence, he or she divulges information quickly. Terrorists are trained in harsh conditions to make them resistant to simple punishments such as starvation. Hence, it difficult to get information from terror suspects without subjecting them to extreme ordeals.
Second, terror suspects should be interrogated as soon as possible because they can easily plan terror attacks while in police custody. More often than not, apprehended terror suspects do not give information that can be used to thwart their plans. Fortunately, waterboarding can compel a suspect to divulge information quickly. Information derived quickly from a suspect can be used to save millions of lives and property from an impending terror attack.
Waterboarding method is based on the ticking bomb hypothesis. This theory states that a suspect in custody cannot easily give information about a bomb he or she is planning to detonate. Therefore, such an individual must be compelled by all means to reveal information as soon as possible to prevent a crisis.
Waterboarding has extreme physical and psychological side effects on the victims. Hence, a suspect who undergoes such an extreme experience is less likely to engage in crime compared to a criminal interrogated through conventional techniques.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the extreme effects of waterboarding deter individuals from engaging in criminal activities. Also, terrorists use fear to recruit and compel innocent people to support their activities. Consequently, an equally terrifying deterrent such as waterboarding is needed to curb terrorism.
Criticism against Water Boarding Although waterboarding is used as a quick method of obtaining information from uncooperative suspects, it has been criticized because of the following reasons. First, critiques of waterboarding assert that it causes extreme suffering, which may lead to death (USA Today, 2007). Second, waterboarding has long-term side effects that can incapacitate an individual.
Furthermore, waterboarding causes excruciating physical and psychological pain, which may elicit false responses from a criminal. Thus, the credibility of information obtained from suspects through waterboarding has been doubted by legal experts.
Conclusion This discussion has revealed that the waterboarding method facilitates access to information from uncooperative suspects. It is worth noting that this technique is only used as an alternative technique to get information from rude suspects. Therefore, it should be applied when dangerous suspects refuse to give information. Clear-cut laws should regulate the application of waterboarding method.
Reference USA Today. (2007). Waterboarding illegal? Time for Congress to end the debate. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/printedition/news/20071113/edit13.art.htm.
Philosophical Analysis of Mackie’s “Evil and Omnipotence” Essay custom essay help
Note and Outline In his arguments, Mackie finds it hard to come to terms with theologians’ views regarding the existence of evil and God’s omnipotence.
His arguments focus on three main facts and how they are related to theological beliefs: good, evil, and God’s omnipotence.
He holds the view that since good triumphs over evil, it is difficult to explain why the two moral ideas exist together.
Therefore, he asserts that good, evil, and God’s omnipotence are principles which are not connected in any way.
Consequently, Mackie challenges general meanings commonly associated with the three ideals and how they are used to advance the view that God exists.
Mackie’s Argument Mackie insists that since theologians believe that an omnipotent, caring God exists, then evil should not exist. In his arguments, he emphasizes that since God is described to have power over everything that exists; he would not sit by and watch as evil deeds happen in different places. These two propositions are used by religious people to advance moral arguments that justify the importance of believing in a mysterious higher power.
However, Mackie asserts these two views are inconsistent because an all-knowing, benevolent God cannot exist in a world where suffering and evil is common.
He maintains that since people in different places in the world experience suffering, then this shows that there is enough evidence that evil exists. In the same vein, he argues that this puts into doubt the assertion that an omnipotent, benevolent God exists. Consequently, he concludes that evil exists, but God does not.
The first possible solution he explores holds that; good and evil are complementary principles which exist side by side. He argues that this assumption lacks merit because it limits people from experiencing what they believe to be good deeds from an all-powerful God. As a result, this assumption betrays the original theological position because it makes it difficult to measure God’s goodness in different situations.
On the other hand, the second solution argues that; evil is an important means which enables good deeds to happen. He adds that this argument does not have any basis because it contradicts the common principle used by theologians to describe God as an all-powerful and benevolent deity.
Therefore, this limits God’s capabilities because it shows that he lacks supernatural powers that are associated with his omnipotence. As a result, this shows that he conforms to moral guidelines which normal human beings are expected to follow. Consequently, this does not answer questions about why evil exists because it shows that God is unable to use his power to stop human suffering.
In my own opinion, I do not think Mackie is right. Human beings use their judgment to compare extreme situations, and this allows them to make a choice that is beneficial to their interests. In most instances, they are likely to go for a choice that will guarantee comfort, happiness, or other tangible rewards.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, his argument that good and evil cannot exist side by side does not hold any weight. Also, Mackie’s arguments focus only on extreme applications of the two principles in different situations. However, he fails to mention that in some instances, good deeds may be interpreted as evil deeds depending on the context in which these two principles are applied.