Job Training For Prisoners Analytical Essay Essay Help

The main aim of imprisoning criminals has been to help them get rid of their anti-social behavior. However, research has shown that there is a high tendency for people to commit crimes after they have been released. As a result, many organizations have come up with suggestions on how the rate of reoffending can be reduced.

It came to the attention of the authorities that people who were likely to commit crimes after being released from prisons, were those who could not secure employment due to lack of formal education. Consequently, programs were initiated to offer post primary education to prisoners as well as training on various jobs. However, some people have been skeptical about the effectiveness of the programs and their advantages.

The prisons department has introduced various courses which are aimed at providing practical skills to prisoners to enable them secure employment once they are released. In these initiatives, correction facilities have partnered with various institutions including industries, which offer opportunities for prisoners to put the skills gained into practice (Clear, Cole

[supanova_question]

Importance of Marketing and Advertising during Economic Recession Exploratory Essay essay help

During economic recession, the customer demand rates can decrease significantly. In order to avert the process, specific emphasis should be placed on raising marketing and advertising costs to maintain the popularity of a product or service. Businesses should be aware of the possible fluctuations in customer’s responses to economic downturn.

In particular, they can become critical and more responsible for their purchase decisions. Increased responsiveness to the market environment is explained by clients’ readiness to explore new, more beneficial opportunities. These strategies can be effectively used in carpet cleaning business, which is especially justified during economic recessions.

People who face financial problems are in the search for beneficial and rational solutions. This issue can be considered by carpet cleaning issues as a new basis for advertising campaign. For instance, consumers should not necessarily buy new carpet in case they have a possibility to restore the quality of their old carpets.

Such a service is economically beneficial, and the business will surely find the segment that can take advantage of the offer. The strategy is justified because “those businesses that make a decision to advertise in the face of adversity capture the hope of new customer” (Fritzenkotter, 2009, p. 4). Thus, it is not only a chance to retain the previous clientele, but also a great opportunity to explore new market segments.

There are many cost-effective means of promoting products during recessions. In particular, it is possible to refer to e-mail campaigns spreading evaluable and reliable data about marketing solutions and leading to measurable results. In addition, the option to print advertising brochures has become possible with the development of digital printing technology.

The company’s managers can introduce a range of their services and distribute the information among their customers. In such a manner, the carpet cleaning business can keep achieving the established goals without reducing the marketing budgets.

The art of persuasion during the economic crisis is essential for sustaining a competitive advantage. Therefore, the task of leaders is to convince their customers that their services are much more efficient than other services of the kind. The approach can allow the business to stay afloat and maintain its market share.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reference Fritzenkotter, S. (2009). The Logic of Increasing Marketing in an Economic Downturn. Salesperson Monitor, 13(7), 4.

[supanova_question]

Algae Interaction Analytical Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Method

Results

Discussion

Conclusion

References

Introduction Biological interactions can be defined as the effects an organism has on the others in a common ecosystem. Basically, no organism can survive as an ‘island’ lest it ceases to exist. Biological interactions are vital for the normal functioning of an ecosystem. As such, this leads us to identifying the kind of interactions that may exist.

These relations may happen within organisms of the same species (intra-specific) or otherwise (inter-specific). These interactions may happen at a specific stage of development or; during the entire life of an organism (e.g. endosymbiosis) and, may be detrimental (herbivory, predation, cannibalism) or beneficial (mutualism). Significantly, these relations may be direct or indirect.

The degree of interactions ranges “from mutual benefit through neutral to mutual harmful interactions” (Begon, Harper and Townsend, 1996). As such, the interactions can be categorized into six classes depending on gravity of harm or benefit to the interacting individuals in a niche.

As a result, individuals may be deemed to be in neutralism interaction where neither party benefits nor harms the other though difficult to ascertain or, may engage in amensalism where products of the other are toxic to the other. Also, individuals can also engage in commensalism where one individual benefits from the interaction without affecting the other.

Moreover, individuals may compete for a common resource as exhibited in parasitic relation that is fetal to the involving parties or otherwise, involve in mutualism as exhibited in some symbiotic relations where both parties benefit. Finally, the organism may interact antagonistically either by predation or parasitism owing to the fact that an individual profits at the expense of the counterpart.

In terms of graphical relationship between species density against time, a neutral interaction ought to exhibit an upward trend for both species. However, for competing individuals, the opposite should be true. Two individuals exhibiting amensalism interactions ought to display opposite trends; upward for one species and the opposite for the other. For mutualism just like neutralism, it results in a higher carrying capacity hence; an upward trend for both individuals is expected (Stachowicz, 2001).

As regards this experiment, showing the interaction between green algae (Chlorophyta) – Closterium and Micrasterias species, both species utilize sunlight with the help of chlorophyll for photosynthesis. As such, in a common ecosystem, we anticipate competition for the limiting resources e.g. water and mineral salts (Fedriani, Fuller, Sauvajot and York, 2000).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Consequently, this leads us to our null hypothesis (Ho): there is no competition between Closterium and Micrasterias species. The alternative hypothesis (H1) contradicts HO by suggesting that there exists a competition between the species. This is tested using a two-sample t-test at 95% C.I to ascertain the findings.

Method In this experiment, colonies of Closterium species were cultured in four different regions in a Petri dish (using a tip of 100 microliters). The same was done for Micrasterias species but in a different Petri dish. In one dish a fifth colony but containing the two species were cultured.

The essence, was to determine the species densities (density = (average number per colony)/100) vital in obtaining the same number of individuals as a starting point in stock culture. For the stock culture, average densities different species plus that of the mixed culture were recorded once per week over a period of 4 weeks. The results were then recorded for analysis.

Results Table 1: of number of individuals per Ml of Samples (to the nearest 10).

Number of individuals per Ml of Samples (to the nearest 10) Day Closterium Alone Micrasterias Alone Closterium in Mix Micrasterias in Mix 0 10 10 10 10 1 3 6 1 1 2 11 0 1 0 3 10 1 5 0 4 9 2 10 1 Graph 1: of the density of Closterium species alone vs. time.

Graph 2: of the density of Micrasterias species alone vs. time.

Graph 3: of the density of Closterium and Micrasterias species in mix culture vs. time.

We will write a custom Essay on Algae Interaction specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hypothesis testing:

Is there a possibility that there exists a competition between Closterium species and Micrasterias species residing in a common niche?

Null hypothesis (Ho): µClosterium = µMicrasterias

Alternative hypothesis (H1): µClosterium ≠ µMicrasterias

At 95% confidence interval t0.05 = 1.96

Calculated value of t is 0.7638 i.e. t = (ẋ1-ẋ2)/s [(n1*n2)/ (n1 n2)] ^0.5

Where; s = 6.21, n1 = 5, n2 = 5, ẋ1= 5.4 and ẋ2 = 2.4

We therefore reject the null hypothesis since the two species are not equal thus; there exists a competition between the two species residing in a common niche.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Algae Interaction by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Discussion The objective of this experiment was to test the null hypothesis (Ho): there exists no competition between the algae species – Closterium and Micrasterias.

As per the data collected and the test analysis done, the null hypothesis (0.7638 ≤ 1.96) fell within the rejection region at 95% confidence interval hence we reject the null hypothesis and state that there exists a competition between the colonies in a niche. As exhibited by the graph 3 above, the trends underscore the fact that in deed there is competition.

On competing interactions, the aftermath is always detrimental to both species hence the downward trend of the curves. As such, the principle of competitive exclusion takes its effect hence the competing species will either adapt or die. This can be seen at the height of competition when some of the common but limited resources are exhausted.

As for the species above, Micrasterias species can not compete favorably hence they die after the second and third week. On the contrary, Closterium species adapt promptly (Stachowicz, 2001).

By the fourth week, both species density increase significantly courtesy of natural selection. This otherwise niche partitioning is important in eliminating the inter-specific competition that exists between the species within a limited niche. As a result, the species share resources and thrive once again portraying non-existence of competition before.

This blurs the line separating two competing and two non competing species thus one cannot easily prove or disapprove. Significantly, the population blossoms after the third week owing to the fact that intra-specific competition exceeds inter-specific completion hence favoring coexistence between the species.

For the individual species as portrayed by graphs 1 and 2 above, it can be seen that Closterium species adapts to the media promptly than Micrasteria species. But, before peaking in population density, both species lose count since they need time to adapt to the new ecosystem (Charles, Nunn, Ezenwa, and Walter, 2011).

Conclusion In a conclusion, the experimental results agreed with the theoretical background which supports the facts stated herein the experiment. As such, there exists a competition between Closterium and Micrasterias species in a common niche.

This topic can be better understood if you comprehend how relating organisms feed, the type of products they expel and how they affect the other organism. I would suggest that future experiments observe the species beyond the stated period to ascertain whether inter-competition will creep in leading to a decrease in population.

References Begon, M., Harper, J. L.,

[supanova_question]

The Role of Social Media in Modern Society Essay essay help

The recent developments in wireless technologies have introduced new means and directions of communication. Million of people all over the world are now engaged in political, economic, cultural, and educational discourses due to the vast expansion of the World Wide Web. Indeed, social media has transformed people’s lifestyles and has introduced a new pattern of social interaction.

Just several years ago, people many people did not even suspect of the possibilities that such popular social networks as Facebook and Twitter can provide in terms of communication.

Nowadays, Facebook has become one of the largest networks in the world by means of which people can share and exchange views, images, and photos. However, apart from changes to social structures, the social networking systems have managed to go beyond and influence business, education, and politics. With this in mind, social media has a multifaceted impact on the modern society because it affects all spheres of life, including business, culture, politics, education, and economics.

Today social media cannot be regarded as a means of spending spare time because it has introduced the biggest shift since the times of the Industrial Revolution. Therefore, the spread of online communication can also be considered a revolutionary shift. Indeed, social networks have altered the traditional image of social communication and have provided new incentives and tools of information exchange.

Facebook and Twitter have become essential tools for initiating environmental activities and spreading news and services that can reach thousands of potential activists (Kutsko). As statistics shows, Facebook dominates in Google in terms of weekly traffic in the United States, which proves the fast-growing tendencies in using the social network for other purpose than communication and social interaction (Kutsko).

Social media has quickly penetrated the educational field. It has also introduced online learning, which is becoming more popular among international students all over the world. Indeed, Facebook has managed to reach more than 200 million users in less than a year (Kutsko).

Therefore, more and more students share their opinions and create online communities to advance their learning and improve performance. The possibility to discuss educational challenges is a beneficial perspective for students. In addition, the research studies conducted by the U.S. Department of Education have discovered that online students outperformed those who are engaged in a traditional learning scheme.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Finally, social media has become an integral part of business and marketing activities. Because every credible business premises on ethical and moral values dictated by society, adoption of social networking sites is essential for promoting products and services. In fact, social media allows business to gain immediate feedback about their products. Moreover, it also creates opportunities for predicting the needs and demands of consumers.

In conclusion, social media has reached every facet of human activities. It has become an integral part of communication means. Online networks, such as Facebook and Twitten, have penetrated to social and cultural realms and have provided new patterns of acting in a real environment.

Virtual space, therefore, have become one more source by means of which people can introduce their educational and business activities. Finally, online networks become powerful tools for advertising products and services, as well as for attracting new marketing targets. Overall, social media can be considered as a foundational shift in daily activities and lifestyles. It is also a step up toward a new communication environment.

Works Cited Kutsko, Evan. “Social Media Revolution”. 2011. YouTube. Web.

[supanova_question]

Censorship for television and radio media Analytical Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Censorship is the suppression of any form of public communication which may be regarded as objectionable, harmful, or insensitive (Burress 13). This is as decided by the state, media companies or any other regulatory bodies. The constitutions of most countries provide protection from censorship but this security is in no way absolute.

In some circumstances, it is hard to tell apart what to censor from what not to. This paper seeks to provide an in-depth analysis of censorship with the aim of determining the extent to which content on broadcast (television and radio) media can be censored. To this end, a brief rationale for censorship shall be provided with exemplification from reported situations. Later, a conclusion will be drawn from the rationale assessment.

There are a number of reasons for censorship. These reasons are divided into five key categories: moral, military, political, religious and corporate (Hoffman 5). The five strata are explained in detail below:

Moral censorship. This is the limitation of the publishing or broadcasting of material that is obscene and goes against established conventions of morality. A good example of a situation in which moral censorship is prescribed is in the case of child pornography.

Any material that can be classified as child pornography is illegal in most jurisdictions in the world and, therefore, its publication and/or broadcast is usually subject to censorship rules and legislations. Usage of filthy words on air is also not allowed in most traditionalist societies (Wittern-Keller 23).

A good example of the implementation of moral censorship is in a 1978 case pitting comedian George Carlin and the Pacifica Foundation. Carlin had a radio show dubbed Filthy Words, which mainly discussed the dirty words which should not be aired (Jay 208).

A man was driving in his car when his son heard the radio discussion. The man went on to file a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The FCC issued a sanction against the radio station for airing indecent material. Later, the Pacifica foundation filed a case with the supreme court to have the ruling upheld but the court decided instead to allow the FCC accord and remove sanctions depending on how it regarded aired material.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Military censorship. In most countries, information pertaining to military intelligence is usually considered top-secret. This is in an effort to prevent surprise attacks on its facilities. Because of this, access to such information is normally permitted to a handful of individuals (Wittern-Keller 23). Any unauthorized broadcast of such content, by persons not expressly permitted to do so is considered illegal and any media that broadcasts any such material is prone to censorship attempts by the state.

Political censorship. Every government usually has a set of information which it keeps away from the public for the sake of stability. This is especially in times of economic turmoil, where the release of such information could cause the situation to worsen (Wittern-Keller 78).

By holding back such information from citizens, the government ultimately prevents rebellion. With knowledge that the broadcast of such information might put the state in bad light with the citizens, regulatory measures are implemented in the form of censorship.

Religious censorship. Religion is one of the dominant forces that determine how individuals relate with each other. In every country in the world, there is a religious following that is considered superior to the others. In order to maintain its dominance, this group can choose to force limitations on the less influential ones (Hoffman 28).

In addition, one religious group may decide to go against another if they believe their teachings are not similar. Nowadays, there are television and radio stations dedicated to particular religions and any attempt to try and impose the teachings of another religion are not taken politely. For instance, it is highly unlikely that Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) will broadcast a show focusing on Islamic values (Mathiesen 2008).

Corporate censorship. Most television and radio stations are owned by individuals who, in turn, have business partners. In this regard, whenever there is information that portrays the establishment or its owners in bad light, editors shun it or tweak it to suit their interests (Mathiessen 33).

For instance, the hip hop artiste Ice-T once released a song titled Cop Killer which spoke negatively of the police. The lyrics of the son were fiery and resulted in Time Warner, a company he was working with, to compel him to change the lyrics of the song after pressure from various religious and advocacy groups.

We will write a custom Essay on Censorship for television and radio media specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This essay has set out to provide an explanation of the various forms of censorship with focus being on broadcast (television and radio) media. A number of examples were used to offer further explanation on a number of listed categories. By the elastic nature of censorship, it can only be agreed that governments and other regulatory institutions apply it depending on already laid down regulation and structures.

However, there should be situations where censorship should be regarded as an absolute. For instance, in the case of child pornography, there should be no room for discussion and any media that distributes such content should face outright sanctions.

Works Cited Burress, Lee. Battle of the Books, Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1989. Print.

Hoffman, Frank. Intellectual Freedom and Censorship, Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1989. Print.

Jay, Timothy. Why We Curse: A Neuro-psycho-social Theory of Speech, USA: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2000. Print.

Mathiesen, Kay. Censorship and Access to Information, New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2008. Print.

Wittern-Keller, Laura. Freedom of the Screen: Legal Challenges to State Film Censorship, 1915-1981, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2008. Print.

[supanova_question]

Internet and Children under the Age of 11 Expository Essay best essay help: best essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

The peculiarities of children under the age of 11

Communication via the Internet

Internet as an agent of socialization

Exposure to controversial to images, videos, or texts

Online bullying

Conclusion

Works Cited

Introduction Internet can be a powerful tool for learning and sharing ideas and it can definitely contribute to the development of children and adolescents. Nevertheless, it can also expose them to violence, overt sexuality, or cruelty and its impact is not always beneficial. This paper is aimed at discussing the influence of Internet on children under the age of 11.

In particular, one should speak about the influence of online technologies in the way in which they communicate with one another. It is also important to examine the impact of Internet on their values and their understanding of behavioral norms. Overall, it is possible to argue that the abuse of Internet can impair their communicative skills and distort their views on social relations and values.

Moreover, this technology can expose users to various controversial images, videos or texts and a child, who has not reached the age of 11, may not be able to interpret them. Thus, parents and educators should carefully monitor children’s use of internet that must not become the main agent of socialization. This is the main argument that should be discussed.

The peculiarities of children under the age of 11 In order to understand the influence of Internet on children, one should first discuss the peculiarities of this age group. First of all, at this stage of their development they only try to understand the rules that govern social relations and the way in which a person should interact with others (Martin

[supanova_question]

Report on Sport National Day in CNA-Q Report college essay help online

Introduction This report presents research findings and results undertaken to find out reasons behind small turn out of students and teachers in the National Sports Day events at the college, CNA-Q. Since introduction of the sports and events in the school, very few people use the sporting facilities.

This report unveils the research strategies to be undertaken, the primary research method to be chosen, sample selection, data analysis to be performed, and a summary of the whole research in identifying the factors behind the problematic low turnout of students and in sports.

As such, the main idea of the report is to present the results containing reasons of the low turnout in sporting activities and events in CAN-Q College, and provide recommendation on how to fix this problem. This report sheds lights of the exploratory research that will be undertaken, as it is fundamental in understanding students and staff tastes and preferences for in sports day (National Sports Day (2012)

CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002. The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students. The college also has excellent sports facilities ranging from fully equipped male and female gyms, to basketball, tennis and football courts.

There are also two male and female swimming pools located in each gym with around the clock life guards as well has shower and locker room facilities maintained in top condition. The students and staff are encouraged to use these facilities to balance work and exercise and stay fit and fresh to perform their roles even better (National Sports Day 2012). Nevertheless, students and staff do not use the sporting activities as expected and majority rarely attend the National Sports Day events at the college.

This came as a big problem to the researcher since the a good amount of promotion done through email, flyers and posters and even through word of mouth among the students at the college campus. In addition, the service is free of charge to all the students and staff as well as the alumni of CNA-Q. The management has many questions on the underutilization of sports facilities against their expectation to recap the investment.

Primary Research Method Chosen The research question seeks to find out the information about the opinions and perceptions of students with regard to low turnout of people in sporting events. By undertaking an exploratory research, it will provide sufficient information as per the knowledge of the researcher to enable one to comprehend this problem. As such, I settled to doing a mix of mix of primary and secondary research (Survey research n.d.).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The primary research will consist of information gathered from students directly by undertaken a survey and using a questionnaire (Kolb, 2009). Surveys are important, as I will be able to tabulate, categorize, and analyze content of the responses because the same questions will be answered by every respondent.

The staff members of the faculty at CNAQ will offer their opinions and events through conducting an interview with them. In order to gather relevant information I will categorize the primary information from students into demographic, psychographic, usage and miscellaneous as based in the questionnaire (Creative Research Systems, n.d.).

The questionnaire will be used as a fundamental tool to get information about the research problem. As an important quantitative survey research tool, questionnaires are significant to testing and guessing hypothesis about particular behaviors of students and teachers.

The questionnaire will therefore provide information based on age, gender, the willingness participation in the events and preferences of activities on the sports day. In addition, the questionnaire will investigate the willingness of students to join sporting events and any reasons to dissuade them from participating such as health.

The demographic information puts the students in groups based on their age, gender as well as the major of Study or Program (MaCorr Inc, 2009). This will enable the researcher to classify and identify the characteristics of these students. Subsequently, be able to deduce the relationship between their career path and age and gender. As such, this information will make it possible for me to have a general idea about the demographic profile of a group and their sporting activities eventually.

Information about the main customers of the service at CNAQ on National Sports Day, their structure and participation will be revealed in the demographic profile as provided through the questionnaires. This will help me, the researcher, suggest the best way to properly promote this event in the college and effectively implement it.

The research will be undertaken in a period of one month consisting of a mix of an extensive and intensive literature review of secondary information as well as survey to seek primary information through conducting interviews and giving questionnaires to teachers and students respectively. The Gantt chart will be an effective tool in undertaking all the activities of the exploratory research in an organized way.

We will write a custom Report on Report on Sport National Day in CNA-Q specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This will involve first going through the research problem again to discover the basic requirements and get an overview of how the task will be undertaken. Again, consultation with the lecturer and reviewing the lecture notes will offer input of for the task. Going through sample of work will enable me to get the best structure for brief notes and later references as well as the final report (Qatar Olympic Committee, 2011).

Gantt chart is a tool used in project planning and analysis. Its outlines the sequence of activities required to complete a project giving the required duration (MaCorr Inc, 2009). It shows which activities may be critical for the project to be accomplished. There are activities that have to be performed before others in the list can commence.

For instance, one cannot start writing this report without reading through the case study given. The resource allocation in term of time, people and materials are outlined. This helps in budgeting and planning of a project. This will also involve drawing a context diagram, data flow diagram, flow of processes and data structure of the chart.

Sample Selection CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002. The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students. The college also has excellent sports facilities ranging from fully equipped male and female gyms, to basketball, tennis and football courts.

There are also two male and female swimming pools located in each gym with around the clock life guards as well has shower and locker room facilities maintained in top condition (Qatar Olympic Committee, 2011). The sample will consist of students categorized into male and female, the same will apply to teachers.

Finding out the sample size comes as the best representation of the population, and it is a key in an exploratory research. In about one month, I will choose a sample size of 600 students who I choose randomly. Bearing the fact that I have only one month to undertake the research and considering the study as part of the course unit, I it might be difficult to collect information from such a large sample size within a short time.

As such, I settled on a limit of the simple size of 50. I will distribute the questionnaires among the students in accordance to age, gender and program. This will facilitate collection information that is not skewed.

From a general point, this research takes allocation of units into probability sampling procedure that include stratified sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling as well as simple random sampling.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Report on Sport National Day in CNA-Q by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Probability sampling considers the population of students will be chosen equally and allow time to be allocated properly. The sampling method is convenient to many CAN-Q respondents. Confidence of information provided by respondents will be applied to the latter.

Data Analysis to be performed The collected information from the questionnaire will form quantitative research data. This information will be entered as numbers and be analyzed statistically. Since the questions in my questionnaire are open-ended, they will be coded in numbers in the forms. As such, the data will be analyzed using SPSS software.

I will measure the central tendencies in cross tabulation since the data will be used to determine the opinion of students and teachers. This will involve calculating the mode, median and mean as well as determining the standard deviation to get the accuracy of the data (Creative Research Systems, n. d.).

Mean. The mean is the average of responses to specific questions answered in the study questionnaire or interviews. It is computed by summing up the responses and diving by the total number of participants denoted as ‘n’. The age mean can be found by adding the participants for every measurement and diving by the n= 600 number of responses.

Median. Median represents the middle value of measurements for each response. This measurement is in ordinal data that is significant in indicating the degree of difference. For instance, when I want to determine the choice of students’ careers by seeking to know the program students have enrolled, the best method is to use the median in the data provided by the participants.

This will offer much information for a few responses. One limitation of the median is the difficulties to apply in the analysis of nominal data since there are two possibilities for response results, which provide two midpoints (Kolb, 2009).

Mode. The mode is the highest frequency of responses for all participants. The mode is applied when determining nominal data that may have two states of being. However, the two states do not have all the similar features. For instance, the gender information can best be described as in terms of the number of female and male.

As such, when the survey of 50 participants is undertaken and 10 are female while 40 are male, the mode is 40. This is because the nature of data would be meaningless when computed for median or mean. Rather, mode is used because it is the most common response.

Cross Tabulation. Cross Tabulation is all about finding relationships in data of the variables used in the study. In this data analysis, I will employ the use of SPSS software. As such, crossing one variable with another is enhanced by using SPSS application, which uses multiple variables simultaneously in cross tabulation.

I will be able to undertake statistical test to find out whether responses from the sample are relevant and application in deducing the conclusions of the inferential statistics. The results will provide the level of interconnection between variables and be useful in hypothesis to come up with reliable conclusions about the research. The pestle factors will be analyzed using SPSS. This will be used to emphasize or disapprove the results found from the sample data analyzed.

Standard Deviation. The standard deviation is significant in pointing out the variance (r2) of By definition, it is the square root of the variance. Once one finds the variance, the standard deviation (r) is found out by getting the square root of r2.

The variance is computed by computing the difference between each response of every participant. The results are squared and added to give an absolute sum. The standard deviation is significant in giving the range that most values of the variable fall.

The questionnaire will be used as a fundamental tool to get information about the research problem. As an important quantitative survey research tool, questionnaires are significant to testing and guessing hypothesis about particular behaviors of students and teachers.

The research will be undertaken in a period of one month consisting of a mix of an extensive and intensive literature review of secondary information as well as survey to seek primary information through conducting interviews and giving questionnaires to teachers and students respectively.

The Gantt chart will be an effective tool in undertaking all the activities of the exploratory research in an organized way. The resource allocation in term of time, people and materials are outlined. This helps in budgeting and planning of a project. This will also involve drawing a context diagram, data flow diagram, flow of processes and data structure of the chart. Gantt chart is a tool used in project planning and analysis.

Its outlines the sequence of activities required to complete a project giving the required duration. It shows which activities may be critical for the project to be accomplished. There are activities that have to be performed before others in the list can commence. For instance, one cannot start writing this report without reading through the case study given.

Conclusion This report presents research findings and results undertaken to find out reasons behind small turn out of students and teachers in the National Sports Day events at the college, CNA-Q. Since introduction of the sports and events in the school, very few people use the sporting facilities.

This report unveils the research strategies to be undertaken, the primary research method to be chosen, sample selection, data analysis to be performed, and a summary of the whole research in identifying the factors behind the problematic low turnout of students and in sports. The main idea of the report is to present the results containing reasons of the low turnout in sporting activities and events in CAN-Q College, and provide recommendation on how to fix this problem.

This report sheds lights on the exploratory research that will be undertaken, as it is fundamental in understanding students and staff taste and preferences for in sports day. CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002.

The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students. The college also has excellent sports facilities ranging from fully equipped male and female gyms, to basketball, tennis and football courts. The management has many questions on the underutilization of sports facilities against their expectation to recap the investment.

The research question seeks to find out the information about the opinions and perceptions of students with regard to low turnout of people in sporting events. By undertaking an exploratory research, it will provide sufficient information as per the knowledge of the researcher to enable one in comprehending this problem.

As such, I settled to doing a mix of mix of primary and secondary research. The primary research will consist of information gathered from students directly by undertaken a survey and using a questionnaire. Surveys are important, as I will be able to tabulate, categorize, and analyze content of the responses because the same questions will be asked every respondent.

CNA-Q is one of the oldest colleges in Qatar providing higher education to the local residents since 2002. The college has over 650 staff as well as around 4600 students.

The sample will consist of students categorized into male and female, the same will apply to teachers. With the time of about one month, I will choose a sample size of 600 students who I choose randomly. Bearing the fact that I have only one month to undertake the research and considering the study as part of the course unit, I it might be difficult to collect information from such a large sample size within a short time.

As such, I settled on a limit of the simple size of 50. A quick survey of the students in most classes can determine that the majority are Qatari students. This information can allow the organizers to tailor the national sports day event to their market. Data will be analyzed using SPSS and excel considering the number of students. The pestle factors will be analyzed using SPSS. This will be used to emphasize or disapprove the results found from the sample data analyzed.

I have decided that the best approach for I have decided that the best approach for this problem is to conduct exploratory research in the start and then do some descriptive research, which will allow me to get a better understanding of why the students and staff did not attend the sports day in larger numbers.

My research will be a mix of primary and secondary research. For my primary research, I will contact the students directly, get their opinions through a survey, and conduct interviews with staff members of the faculty at CNAQ (MaCorr Inc, 2009).

Since the questions in my questionnaire are open-ended meaning, they will be coded in numbers in the forms. As such, the data will be analyzed using SPSS software. Since the data will involve the opinion of students and teachers, I will measure the central tendencies in cross tabulation. Other data analysis performed will be to determine the mean, median, mode and standard deviation.

References Creative Research Systems (2009). Survey Design. Web.

Kolb, B. (2009). Marketing Research: A Practical Approach. New York: SAGE.

MaCorr Inc (2009). Sample Size Calculator. Web.

National Sports Day (2012). Web.

Qatar Olympic Committee (2011). Web.

Appendices Appendix 1. Questionnaire The list below contains the questions that will be asked the students of CNA-Q in order to complete this report.

Demographic

Indicate your gender

Male [ ]

Female [ ]

Indicate your age group among the following:

15 – 20

21 – 25 [ ]

26 – 30 [ ]

31 – 35 [ ]

36 – 40 [ ]

Over 40 [ ]

Major of Study/Program…………………………………………………..

Psychographic

Would you participate in the event?

What do you think college should do in sport day?

What is the most sport do you enjoy?

Usage

Would you join the sporting event?

What do you think the college should offer on sports day?

Miscellaneous

Do you have any health problems?

Do you prefer staying in bed or participating in the event?

Where do you think the sport event should be located?

Appendix 2. Gantt chart Activities in the Gantt chart that will aid complete the report are as follows:

Read through the assignment to establish what the assignment requires. This will give a general view and understanding of the work to be covered.

Read through the provided lecture notes to provide inputs for the assignment. The sample reading will also aid in the structure required for the report. Brief notes are made to provide for later reference.

Research on available texts on system analysis, project management and quality in processes.

Study the case to identify the key activities, data stores, processes, organizations and departments involved. This is drafted to give a summary of events and the data input and output.

Draw a context diagram. This diagram gives details on the relationship between the variables.

Draw a Level 1 Data flow diagram. This diagram gives an exploded version of the Level 0 DFD. Processes in Level 0 are broken down to more simplified activities.

Draw a structure chart, which shows a number of DFDs in one structure. A complex process may give winding data flow diagrams that may be hard to comprehend.

Document the data dictionary showing the data requirements for the study. This aids the study in the data update.

The time schedule for the report is one day. The activities are split in to 24 hours.

Appendix 3: Survey Questions Part I. In this part, students should define the role of sporting activities and events in their lives.

What is you attitude to sports? (use a five point scale to assess the degree of you involvement in sport where 1 equals to “Not at all important” and 5 means “Very Important”):

Athletics 1 2 3 4 5

Swimming 1 2 3 4 5

Tennis 1 2 3 4 5

Basketball 1 2 3 4 5

Football 1 2 3 4 5

Attending gyms 1 2 3 4 5

Sport as a hobby 1 2 3 4 5

Do you think sport activities constitute an inherent part of college life? (choose the right answer):

_____Sporting activities should be as important as a learning process;

_____Sport should not interfere with an academic process; it should be a part of spare time;

_____Students should not spend much time on sporting activities unless it is their professional calling.

What types of sports do you prefer? (Click the right answer)

_____Team playing sports;

_____Games, such as athletics, or swimming;

Do you think sporting activities are as much important as the learning process?

____Yes, it is very important;

____It is possible to balance sports and study;

____No, learning process is more important;

What do you know about the National Sporting Events?

How often do teachers tell you the information about the National Sporting Events? Have they persuaded you that sporting activities are vital?

____Yes, teachers inform us several weeks before the event for us to prepare;

_____ Teachers organize lectures on the importance of participation and how it can influence our college life;

_____No, teachers rarely talk about sports and its importance;

How much time do you spend on going in for sport?

____Once or twice a week, I go to the gym;

____ I attend the gym as soon as I have free time from a learning process;

Do you participate in sporting events?

How often do you visit competitions?

Are you aware of the available sports facilities in your college? Enumerate them.

Part II. In part II, it is necessary to clarify personal information about students to assess the frequency of attending sporting events by various demographic groups.

Name you gender:

Male ______

Female ______

Indicate you family size:

____Nuclear family;

____Extended family;

_____Incomplete family;

Your variant__

Name you hobby and evaluate its importance with regard to its type (indicate its importance where 1 equals to “Not at all important” and 5 means “Very Important”):

Related to sport (running, yoga, Pilates, etc.) 1 2 3 4 5;

Not related to sport (handmade, drawing etc.) 1 2 3 4 5;

Do you take part time job?

___Yes;

___No;

Do you like spending time with your friends?

Please, evaluate your attitude to participating in the sporting events (for those who attended the sporting events at least once) using a scale where 1 equals to “Strongly Agree” and 4 means “Strongly Disagree”:

Attending events is disturbing because of fans 1 2 3 4 (circle the appropriate one);

Attending events is exciting 1 2 3 4;

What is you major?______________

Identify your type of participating in various events:

____Non-Participant;

____Passive Participant;

____Frequent Participant;

How much time do you spent on learning?

How do you assess the role of sport in general?

Part III. In part III, emphasis will be placed on the degree of information spread about sport events in college.

Do you follow sporting events on TV? ___ Yes ___ No

What kinds of sports do you follow?

Are there any other sporting events than National Sport Day that you attend? Provide reasons.

Using scale where 1 equals to “Not at all important” and 5 means “Very Important” to rate the following: what are the major factors influencing your attendance of the sporting events?

It give you pleasure 1 2 3 4 5

It is exciting and motivating 1 2 3 4 5

It helps to release from stress 1 2 3 4 5

It allows to meet with friends 1 2 3 4 5

Do you use Internet for making inquiring about sporting events?

___Yes, very often;

___ Sometimes, when my friends ask about it;

____No, never;

What are the most efficient means of information exchange?

____ e-mailing;

_____flyers;

_____calling;

_____making announcement during the classes;

How do you assess your involvement in life of college?

____ very involved;

____involved;

____not involved;

What are your future life goals?

Are there any reasons for non-attendance of the sporting events?

Could you provide your personal understanding of the National Sport Day?

Part 3: Information about the Resources

Kolb, B. (2009). Marketing Research: A Practical Approach. New York: SAGE.

The book provides a comprehensive approach to designing and understanding market research. The author skillfully combines theoretical frameworks and quantitative methodologies in exploring the practical realms. While reviewing the structure and content of the book, specific attention should be paid to the analysis of research process and research questions.

Therefore, the book has been a helpful tool in understanding the steps of accomplishing the research procedures. In particular, the source has been applied in the data collection process to define the sampling, as well as the necessary which needs to be included into the report. Practical dimension of the research is important because it verifies the relevance of the theoretical frameworks chosen for conducting the study.

Aside from theoretical implications, the book can be used as instructional guide for developing efficient critical thinking skills. For instance, the author teaches that a research cannot be started until the source of the problem is defined.

Scientific exploration, therefore, is an ongoing process, which requires close attention to details and aspects influencing the research outcomes. Apart from the procedures and steps introduced in the research, the book also expands on the importance of introducing secondary sources as evidence-based support for the given research.

Therefore, in case the purpose of the research relates to educational spheres, information obtained from governmental and higher education institutions is vital for the study. Finally, the book details important conditions of conducting primary research, including costs, resources, schedule, and budgeting. All these issues are indispensible for accomplishing a well-organized research.

MaCorr Inc (2009). Sample Size Calculator.

Sample size calculator is an important tool in quantitative research because it allows to define the accurate sample that needs to be examined. It is possible to learn more about the main functions of this device on the website. In particular, there is a control panel on the left which allows to choose the type of samples, the rating, scale, the heat map, the slider scale and the virtual shelf.

All these instruments are important for conducting survey or questionnaire. More importantly, the calculator software permits to systematize the data obtained from the empirical research. The research can also introduce his data and explain why a specific sample size has been chosen in case he/she relies on the sample size calculator.

At closer look at the functions of Sample Size Calculator, one can calculate the sample size by defining the confidence level, confidence interval and population.

In order to identify the confidence interval, the calculator proposes to type in the information about sample size, population and percentage. The variables involved into calculation are also explained on the website. The tool has many advantages as compared to the manual approach to calculating the results. First of all, the researchers can be sure that the calculated results are accurate.

Second, the time spent on the calculations is significantly less as compared to the time that could be spent while defining the results manually. Finally, sample size calculator can determine the number of people that should be interviewed. The size should be enough to obtain objective results and reflect the outcomes about target population. The precision of the results depends on the percentage admitted for the research.

Creative Research Systems (2009). Survey Design.

Survey design is an inherent component of the research because it introduces data needed for analysis. It also enhances the main arguments and specifies the overall analysis functions. The data framed within a survey design has an independent sample that is further divided into clusters.

In this respect, the source provides useful information about the main purpose of the survey, its types, and functions. In particular, the survey design seeks to define what people want and expect concerning a specific issue. Conducting surveys and polls can enhance the reliability and objectivity of the research.

Using this source allows to point out the subsequent step of accomplishing the survey. To begin with, a researcher should establish the main objectives of the research project and determine the sample. Second, it is necessary to choose the interviewing methods.

Third, a questionnaire should be created in accordance with the previously established goals. It should be tested before introduced to the chosen sample. Finally, as soon as the survey is conducted, it is necessary to produce the report based on the findings.

Each of the above-presented steps is described in detail for a research to employ those in a consistent way. Apart from the step-by-step instructions, the source explains possible challenges and biases that might arise while conducting a survey. This is of particular concern to irrelevance of the questions, or inadequate methods of interviewing the participants.

Finally, the source introduces different types of surveys, including telephone surveys, mail surveys, or computer surveys. Each type is discussed in terms of advantages and disadvantages. An in-depth evaluation of the survey systems has provided a wider picture of which methods are the most efficient ones for conducting the research under analysis.

[supanova_question]

Folklore: Contemporary Legends Response Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me

The Hook This is a contemporary legend transmission because it lacks supernatural elements within its contents, and shows how various threats invade our space. Similarly, it shows how people are anxious about boundary issues. It qualifies as a contemporary legend because it has been in circulation in recent times and reflects the cultural reality of adolescents during that period.

Over the years, this story has been told and retold by different people. There are various versions of the story but the moral of the stories remain the same. In contemporary legends, women are often depicted as being vulnerable and weak, while the men are portrayed as the villains or heroes. These characteristics are present in this story and classify it as a contemporary legend.

Screaming Jenny As is with most contemporary legends, this story has anxiety as its backbone. It preys on the readers fear for the unexplained and warns of a danger that lurks even in places we think are safe. Similarly, the authenticity of the story is not determined and the story has been retold many times over the recent years.

The fact that the location of the incident exists in reality gives the reader the illusion that the story could be true. This is a characteristic of a contemporary legend. In addition, the woman (Jenny) is portrayed as a weak and vulnerable character who even after dying comes back as a ghost in pursuit of rescuing from men (the heroes/Villains).

Army of the Dead In this story, the laundress is portrayed as a victim of her own curiosity. Despite the stern warning from her husband, she simply can’t “leave well enough alone.” As a result she ends up suffering the consequence of her disobedience. This story falls under the contemporary legend category because it has a moral (messing with the unexplained can lead to dire consequences), the laundress is depicted as a vulnerable and weak individual and the soldiers (army of the dead) are portrayed as heroes going to help win the war.

These characteristics make for a contemporary legend. The story preys on the reader’s fears by implying that there are consequences when one interferes with the supernatural. In addition, the story has been retold numerous times and there is no clear indication on whether it is true or false.

The Driverless Car One for the main characteristics of a contemporary legend is that it lacks the origin/ source of the story. This can be evidenced from this particular story, which is narrated as a hear-say from a FOAF (friend of a friend). Secondly, it lacks supernatural elements and has eloquently shown how the events invade and threaten an individual’s space, safety and security.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Additionally, this story depicts how a culture (carjacking and ghost stories) can influence an individual’s perception in regard to what exists, and what he/she believe happens. Similarly, it has a twist in which the authenticity of the victim’s narration of the events are questioned after witnesses to the same occurrence walk into the cantina and dismiss the victim’s claims. These are among the characteristics that make the Driverless Car a contemporary legend.

The Clown Statue / The Clown Doll This story is narrated as a hear-say. The source is not identified and there are no specific details leading to the occurrence. It focusses on the fears of teenaged baby-sitters who are paranoid about the presence of uninvited predators lurking in the dark as they wait for the opportune time to attack.

Similar to most contemporary legends, this story portrays the baby-sitter as a weak and vulnerable woman whose space, safety and security are threatened. In addition, the man (in this case, the clown midget) is portrayed as the villain. On the same note, it lacks a supernatural element to it.

The story reflects on the culture that baby-sitters are often attacked especially in big houses by unknown assailants and that parents fail to believe their children even when they are in fact telling the truth. These are some of the characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.

The Legend of the Pearl This story explains the origin of the pearl. It gives a detailed description of how pearls came to be. It qualifies as a contemporary legend because the source is not identified and there are no specific details about how the situation came to be. The butterfly and the shell are given human emotions to support the plausibility of the story.

On the same note, this story lacks supernatural elements and focuses on the culture of love. It shows that there is happiness and sadness where love can no longer be found. The story is a classic representation of the complexities of love. These are among the characteristics that make it a contemporary legend.

The pearl is a symbol of the virtuous nature of love that can be experienced in today’s society. The use of a butterfly and a shell symbolizes today’s love culture, which goes beyond racial, ethnic and tribal differences.

We will write a custom Essay on Folklore: Contemporary Legends specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Legend of the Fir-tree This is a contemporary legend because it explains the origin of the Fir-tree and why it is used during the Christmas festivities. Like in most contemporary legends, the woman is portrayed as vulnerable and weak individual while the man is depicted as the hero who sets out to save the damsel in distress during her time of need. On the same note, there is no indication on whether or not this story is true.

In addition, the source, location and details of the contents of the story are not given. The story focuses on the culture of togetherness during the festive season and shows that as long as we have the Fir-tree in our homes, we are not alone. These are some of the characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.

The Body in the Bed This is a contemporary legend because it lacks main details about where the events of the occurrences happened and who witnessed it. In as much as the location is revealed, the story does not have enough evidence to ascertain whether it is true or false. On the same note, the woman (the body) is portrayed as the victim while the man is depicted as the hero.

Similarly the story lack a supernatural element and is based on a hear-say. The story reflects on contemporary culture in which people believe that Las Vegas is where people can easily be killed and hidden without other people noticing. In addition, the story reflects on the don’t-care attitude that people in today’s society have towards each other.

Black Aggie This story qualifies to be a contemporary legend because it seeks to discourage the youth against the dangers of hazing/pranking. This culture has been in existence for a very long time and though it is considered as a rite of passage it may have serious negative implications on an individual’s life.

As is with most contemporary legends, this story does not have a source of origin or evidence to substantiate its validity. Similarly, it shows how the unknown threatens an individual’s safety, space and security. The moral of the story is that individual’s may face serious consequences when they interfere with the unknown.

It seeks to discourage young people from playing dangerous games in sacred grounds. In addition, the story targets the reader’s fear of the dead especially so in cemeteries. The story’s ability to reflect on a popular culture and imply consequences from undesirable actions are among the characteristics that make it a contemporary legend.

Bear Lake Monster One of the factors that make this story a contemporary legend is that it has been retold several times in different variations. It has a supernatural element that seeks to elicit fear in the mind of the reader and audience in regard to the dangers that lurk around Bear Lake.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Folklore: Contemporary Legends by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The story seeks to warn people against swimming in Bear Lake alone. In addition, the story focuses on mystical beliefs held by people regarding supernatural creatures that prey on unknowing victims in places where they think they are safe. On the same note, the validity of the claims asserted by the story cannot be confirmed nor denied. These are among the various characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.

I’m coming down now! This is a classic example of a contemporary legend. It focusses on the popular culture in which people believe in haunted houses all over the world. The content of the story seems believable but there are no facts to support the claims. Another factor that makes it a contemporary legend is that it is based on hear-say in which it is narrated from a FOAF (friend of a friend) perspective.

As such, the origin, location and details leading to the occurrence are not validated. Similarly, it shows how the unexplained threatens the space, security and safety of an individual. On the same note, it contains a supernatural element which is supposed to induce fear and anxiety in the minds if the readers. These are among the various characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.

You can’t get out! This story is a mixture if dreadful perceptions and humor. The town drunk believes that he has met his doom and the devil has come to reclaim him for his wrong doings. This story reflects on the culture in which people believe that God will punish them for their wrong doings.

On the other hand, it is humorous in the sense that the town drunk misjudged the whole situation and panicked. The validity of the story is not ascertained. It has no supernatural elements and shows how an individual’s perception or misconception regarding a situation may threaten his/her safety, space and security. In addition, it is narrated as a hear-say meaning that it may or may not be true. These are among the various characteristics that make this story a contemporary legend.

[supanova_question]

Gods and Humans Response Essay cheap essay help

Myths and legends of ancient Rome and Greece are not just the pieces of folklore, they are the parts of the cultural destination of these countries.

The main themes in these myths coincide as well as the characters and their behaviors. Most of the myths were shared orally for the future generations, however, Homer and Ovid made a great contribution into the cultural treasury, they wrote the books where they gathered the myths of the ancient world. Dwelling upon Roman and Greek myths, the relations between Gods and people deserve special attention.

Remembering the main idea of the myths which is to portray the creation of the specific natural phenomena via the God’s actions, the relationships between people and Gods cannot be rejected in the book. Reading the fifth book of Ovid’s Metamorphoses and particularly the myth devoted to Ceres, Pluto and Proserpine, the cooperation between gods and human beings is going to be considered.

Reading Ovid’s Metamorphoses, it is possible to see four major stages in the development of the mentioned above ties. At the first stage of the interaction between gods and people, gods understand that they are to act like people in order to understand their needs, e.g. the situation when gods fell in love. After this stage, gods understand their superiority and it helps them get what they want, e.g. the myth about Ceres, Pluto and Proserpine.

Some people become subjected to gods, therefore, they are given the right to govern other people that leads to the superiority of some human beings under people, e.g. the myth about the pathos of love. The final stage of human – god relationships is when people become gods, e.g. Trojan War. Focusing attention on one specific myth, it should be stated that the myth about Ceres, Pluto and Proserpine is a great example of the gods’ superiority under people (Ovid 1135).

Pluto was in love with Proserpine and he did all possible not to leave her “O virgin,.. Your guardian is a god– and I am not a common deity: for I am he who holds within his hands the heavens’ scepter: I am he who hurls the roaming thunderbolts. So do not flee!” (Ovid 1142).

However, Proserpine’s desire to remain free and independent makes Pluto capture her and get to the Underground where he makes her stay there forever. Being captured in the Underground, Proserpine’s mother is unable to find her daughter, therefore, she decides to punish people as she is unable to punish those who really deserve such attitude, “she exclaims against all countries, and calls them ungrateful, and not worthy of the gifts of corn” (Ovid and Riley 105).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, feeling the power of gods, people were afraid of them and tried to satisfy them. On the contrary, feeling their power, many gods understood their superiority and use it when it was convenient for them. However, gods also understood the importance of people and when it was about the benefit of people, gods usually supported them. The crops were saved from death and the fruitfulness returned to the Earth. People were fed and happy.

This is just one example of the gods’ superiority over people. There are a lot of examples when people suffered from god’s terrors, however, there are also the situations when people were happy from Gods’ superiority as they remained under the powerful protection.

Works Cited Ovid and Henry T. Riley. The Metamorphoses of Ovid, New York: Digireads.com Publishing, 2009. Print.

Ovid. “Metamorphoses.” The Norton Anthology of World Literature. 2nd ed. Vol. A. Ed. Lawall, Sarah. New York: Norton, 2002. 1138-1182. Print.

[supanova_question]