Introduction Aging refers to accrual of transformations in an individual’s body after some time. It is a multidimensional process that involves both physical, societal and psychosomatic transformations. As a person’s age increases, his reaction times may slow down. On the other hand, he may become more experienced and knowledgeable about world events.
In other words, older people are wiser than younger individuals. Aging plays an important role in every society. It reflects biological changes that take place within the human body. Additionally, it brings about cultural and social issues that are of interest to humans.
Aging affects various sectors of any society. It affects healthcare systems, the economy and the environment. This paper discusses some of the issues in aging. It focuses mainly on the environment, health, society and the economy among others.
Provision of Long term Care The provision of long term care for the elderly is one of the issues in aging. Aged people often need daily assistance. They need assistance of various kinds throughout the day. The assistance can be in the form of medical and health care provision, movement and consumption of food. Many countries have aging populations due to the implementation of family planning programs.
Initially, provision of assistance to the aged was left to the families of the concerned individuals. However, improvement in health care provision and life expectancy ensured that the number of elderly people increased in many countries. Over time, the number of people who need daily assistance increased and governments realized that there is a need to provide formal care to aged individuals.
Hence, the provision of long term care became one of the issues in aging. Currently, many countries are realizing the need to formulate policies that govern the provision of long term care (Swartz, Miake
Vogue magazine cover image Essay (Movie Review) scholarship essay help
Introduction The cover of Vogue magazine that was issued in April has stirred different perceptions among the moderators and the general public. Ethnic and racial issues have been debated by different personalities in relation to cover image of the magazine. James, a well known basket ball star is paired with Jezel who is a top world model. There are other images of the two celebrities that have been used in the magazine.
However, the image on the cover has exceptionally been scrutinized. The paper will outline different opinions in regard to racial issues as far as the cover image of vogue magazine is concerned. Further, the concepts of color effect and personal identity will be highlighted.
Discussion There are postulations that the choice of the cover image was meant to reduce the gap existing among different races. James is a black American and has been paired with Jezel who is white. Some moderators argue that the posture of the basket ball star in the image was a way of showing energy that he puts in when playing.
According to them the image is beautiful and represents different races, an effect that is emphasized by use of top celebrities. The image of two celebrities from different races has been used so as to represent both black and white races and reduce their differences.
On the other hand, some critics suggest that the posture of the two celebrities create an effect that is totally different from enhancing racial equality. As a matter of fact, the image of James has been compared with that of King Kong, a wild monster that murdered people. In the cover image James holds Jezel in a way that is similar to that of Kong when he captured a white beauty.
Most people feel that James who is an African is being compared to a gorilla due to his dark color and posture in the image. The choice of a top world beauty is also very symbolic to the actress that Kong held. There are people who feel that there are many other beautiful images of the two celebrities inside the magazine. According to them the image on cover page was meant to provoke racial genotypes.
Moderators argue that if a white figure was used in place James then the effect of the cover image would change. Based on the color effect that is associated with different races, the image fosters completely different feeling to the public.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More One of the moderators clearly states that when she first saw the cover page, she instantly compared the image of James with a gorilla. Consequently, another moderator says that if a white basket ball star posed in place of James then the image would not impact in the same way.
An advertising agent postulates that the individual identity has more effect on the image, as opposed to collective approach. For example, person playing football is not likely to pose in the same way as another one who is playing basketball. King Kong imagery is present due to the color and posture of James.
Conclusion In what Vogue magazine thought would be historical by incorporating images of celebrities from different races, ambiguous ideas emerge. There are those that see no offence at all and are impressed with the image of the cover while others are offended. Both color and identity of the cover image are essential in different effects of art as postulated by moderators.
Factors that Motivate Chinese Tourists to Travel to Canada Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Chinese Tourism
Chinese Travel Market
Features of Chinese Tourists
A large part of international tourists in Canada comes from China. The loosening of travel restrictions and continued economic growth has led to a rapid increase in the figure of Chinese tourists travelling globally. Canada attracts many Chinese people because it is a developed nation.
In fact, most towns in Canada act as residents to the Chinese population since most immigrants from China prefer to settle in these areas. Canada’s stunning and large scenery appeal too many Chinese who intend to visit overseas countries. According to Zhen (2011), Chinese visitors to Canada increased from “138, 014 in 2006 to 159,000 in 2009” (345).
It is in this light that this study aims at finding out motivations that make Chinese tourists select Canada as their tourist destination. The research question is “ What are some factors that motivate Chinese tourists to travel to Canada?”
The study first discusses Chinese tourism as well as Chinese travel market to aid in understanding the case of outbound tourism in China. The study next explores Chinese characteristics and factors that motivate Chinese to travel to Canada. Lastly, the study gives some implications as well as a summary of the study.
Chinese Tourism Many countries can benefit from Chinese tourist activities. Such countries need to understand characteristics of Chinese people, as well as their travel, needs so that they can generate revenue for their economies. While this is true, there is no much information about Chinese travelers because the Chinese travel market is a developing area.
For a long time, the Chinese lacked policies as well as income that allowed touring foreign countries. Also, travel for leisure is rather a new form of tourism activity among Chinese people. This form of travel which does not have any business orientation or family connection is barely 10 years old.
The number of Chinese who travel to foreign countries per year becomes predicted to reach 100 million by 2020 (Guo, Kim,
A Troubled Project at Modern Materials Inc (MMI) Case Study best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Modern Materials Inc. (MMI) is a company that manufactures materials used as raw materials by other manufacturing and construction companies. It was established in 1927 and known by a different name until 1991, when it became known as MMI. It has experienced constant growth through mergers and acquisitions of other companies. It has since then employed many people, making yearly sales of more than $3 billion.
The company has since then suffered from overcapacity, foreign competition and depressed manufacturing economy issues that have affected its profit margins in the recent past. This led to a study into the occurrences. This study is an analysis of the activities that resulted in the organization’s current status.
Challenges Experienced The company faced a lot of challenges; stiff competition, high staff turnover, inadequate information system, incompetent supply chain management and reduced capital base amongst others. This was followed by a series of activities to wade off competition. In 1995, MMI hired a staff from its competitor, Harvey Woodson, as the executive vice president for quality.
Harvey Woodson, in 1996, proposed a re-engineering of the company’s supply chain so as to give weight to customer service. A massive downsizing followed in 1998, and left the remaining staff stretched and overworked. MMI also lacked an integrated information system that could be used to handle all its operations.
Since the merger and acquisition of other companies to form MMI, the systems that were in use were the once inherited from these companies. It did not integrate the systems into one, but operated on a stand-alone basis.
This was because as the companies were being merged, each was translated into a department and thus moved along with the information systems they were using in their previous environments. These systems, however, could not adapt easily to the new environment, and lacked coherence and hence the supporting information systems became inadequate.
As a result, the exceptional computer controls used to automate the processes were not fully utilized. In the case of staff turnover, there were no systems in place to make sure that there was continuity in the services.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This severely hampered operations within the organization after the 1998 downsizing. For instance, when Harvey Woodson left the organization, the development of the new system came to a standstill since there was no practical replacement for continuity.
Discussion There was no documentation of processes within the company thus hampering the organization’s planning process. When the United Consultants Associates (UCA) was consulted to spearhead the process, the end users were not consulted for their ideas and suggestions. This led to poor decision making that was not consultative. The execution of any project calls for a proper plan.
The use of schedules of project activity such as Gantt charts help in proper planning, and offer the means to which project progress report is given. This was not put in place hence the massive overlap of activities at MMI. Lack of project planning also led to poor labor division, and hence no project direction. This is why most of the staff developing the system did not deliver the expected results (Kerzner, 2009).
There were a lot of assumptions made at MMI. First, it was assumed that downsizing would save costs. Secondly, the MMI management assumed that the organization’s sole problem lied within the supply chain management.
It was also an assumption by the system developers, UCA, that they understood the needs of the users of the system. They went ahead to design a system based on their own understanding. Systems should be changed based on an organization’s needs and not simply adopting what the competitors have done.
After the new system was acknowledged, it experienced a lot of problems that are typical in any failing project. They include negativity by employees, who are the would-be end users in the new Supply Chain Management System. Going through the Case Study, UCA did very little to involve the users in system development.
According to Pew and Mavor (2007), there is a need to involve the users of a system in all stages of a system life cycle ranging from concept design to system testing. This was lacking in the plan for the new system, and is the reason as to why the development of the order-entry system had to be reworked.
We will write a custom Case Study on A Troubled Project at Modern Materials Inc (MMI) specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I totally agree with the work done by Carol Young who was consulted to carry out a review of the project progress. First, Carol chose the best method to conduct search a review; Project Health Check. A project health check is one of the best methods used to carry out a project assessment.
A project health check is very popular with project evaluators as it helps in defining the state of any project at the time of the evaluation, and thus identifies problems in time for corrections. It also helps to find the aspects that may hinder or aid the delivery of project in time. It aids analysis of findings and proper presentation of recommendations in a detailed way (Hut, 2008).
Secondly, Carol Young was right that the timing needed to complete the entire project, and the money needed would shoot from the current projections done by Leach. Such a system is very complicated, and needs the guidance of an experienced person who is familiar with the system development life cycle (Cohen, Dori
IBM – Management Review Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Executive summary IBM is a multinational organization. It manufactures and sells computer software, hardware, mainframe computers, as well as nanotechnology. The company is among the leading computer and electronic organizations based in New York City, United states. It owns and operates numerous franchise companies and multinational businesses across the globe with major branches in the United Sates, India, and Australia.
The ultimate goal of IBM is to dominate in the global market with novel computer and consultation products. Its toughest competitors include Microsoft, Dell, Google, Hewlett- Packard Company, and many more. The presence of these key players in the PC industry makes the competition intense for IBM.
This has forced the company to work out its competitive advantages so as to remain relevant and competent in the market. This is a critical provision in the realms of technology and business expansion. Its objective is to substantially address the needs of its customers. The modern marketing strategies demand organizations to create considerable business provisions (Williams, 72).
In fact, IBM is very good at meeting the needs of its clients despite the challenges. This is how the company has attained its competitive advantages in the global arenas. However, as it continues to grow, IBM has become highly recognized with its brands.
This has allowed the company to remain top in the industry. In the context of management, auditing is a critical provision in the business context. Lack of internal auditors has led to misappropriation of funds in several companies and organizations.
That is why several companies and organizations have adopted it to help in bringing accountability. Leadership management pattern at IBM has really contributed to its success.
An overview of the company Modern business practices especially in the computer technology have gone global. Technological breakthrough is certainly the major contributor to the expansive and ever growing computer industry (Williams 76). A number of companies are finding computer industry a lucrative venture thus creating a greater opportunity for computer technicians who range from programmers to engineers.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Computer manufacturing is a diverse industry that incorporates a wide range of specializations. This includes but not limited to software development, hardware development, and developing network infrastructure.
According to Williams (77), the revolution in the Information Technology (IT) has forced majority of organization across the globe to equip their workforce with latest IT devices. This has translated to a major boost in the computer industry.
In the previous decade, IBM enhanced its investment quests in the computer industry. Evidently, different players continue to flood the industry with novel products and ideologies in order to take advantage of the emerging markets and enhance their market divides. It is noteworthy that American companies for a long time have been controlling the global computer industry (Williams, 76).
However, other firms from emerging markets especially from Asia are coming out strongly with various IT products to share the available opportunities. A large number of companies that include but not limited to Dell, Hewlett Packard, Acer, Verizon Communications, Microsoft, Apple Inc, Intel, Compaq, IBM, Asus, Gateway, and Xerox currently dominates the computer industry.
IBM Company has been thriving in the global market for decades. The company offers a wide range of phones, computer accessories, and personal computers (PC) to very many clients across the globe. Its business has today gone global thereby increasing its profit gains. This is a critical observation in the business contexts.
It is vital to determine whether the planned business strategies will help the organization to attain its prospective objectives. IBM is among the top producers of computers in the world today. It is renowned for its continued production of desktops, notebooks, laptops, and net book computers as indicated earlier. Additionally, it has been an active competitor in today’s international computer businesses.
It has been supplying technological equipments ranging from electronics, computers, PDAs, servers, displays, storage devices, Smartphone’s and other peripheral products (Williams, 76). These are produced with the intention of providing man with the best computer devices to make life much better.
We will write a custom Essay on IBM – Management Review specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is also acknowledgeable that IBM Company has been providing e-business solutions and services for governments, businesses, learning institutions and even to home users. IBM Group is currently headquartered in New York, United States.
Previously, IBM Company has managed to streamline most of its operations. This saw the company spinning off a number of its processing and manufacturing operations.
This brought a whole new change in the company as a way of boosting streaming of operations to increase productivity of high quality products capable of meeting the major needs of the consumer (Williams, 76). Leadership management pattern at IBM has really contributed to its success in the computer industry.
IBM Company has since then been in a position of implementing new channels for business modeling. In this trend, the company has shifted from being a leading producer or manufacturer of purely branded company to a complex organization providing consumers with a vast range of technological products.
They have also been the proliferation of different manufacturing firms while the IBM Company has been playing the role of a distributor. This means that there are firms that produce IBM products after which they are distributed to the consumers through IBM Company (Williams, 76).
This means that company only deals with the marketing processes of IBM products around the world. Below is IBM price, earnings and dividend graph and the global market data,
Price, Earning, and Dividends graph of IBM Corporation
The IBM Corporation Company has enlarged its marketing network over the recent years. The advancement in technology has also led to good market forces for this industry although it still faces some stiff competitions (Williams, 72).
Not sure if you can write a paper on IBM – Management Review by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This corporation or industry also tries to come up with some other marketing techniques aimed at surpassing the performance of its competitors. Very many things have to be put into consideration for the successful achievement of these aims and this therefore means that IBM Corporation must have a good strategy or plan that will successfully execute some of its weaknesses and threats (Williams, 76).
Threat is one of the key factors that can lead to industrial poor performance. Just like any other corporation or company, IBM Corporation or industry has to be very wise in decision-making and this only depends on the kind of management system in place. People experiences difficulties in making choices or selection.
Determination of a quality product is not an easy task and this has made IBM Corporation to find more ways of convincing people of the quality of their products.
Latest global market data of IBM Corporation Governance
Porter’s theory of competitive advantage applies to IBM and its brands. The power of its brands is very important component in the differentiation of the prominent market trends (Williams 72). People simply associate IBM brands with standard quality, reliability, and many other intrinsic values. This is due to the fact that brands simply emphasize attributes and meanings (Williams 76).
In a highly capitalist world, brands have important value that could be maximized for profit making (Williams, 76). Branding is a specific marketing strategy and as a way to enhance profitability, productivity and efficiency (Williams, 72). Moor added that branding seeks to develop political message, corporate image, people, and behaviors.
It is in these reasons IBM wanted to invest more in reconstructing, refining and enhancing its brands prior to becoming a cut above the other in its industry. As widely observed, the media have always been the integral parts of IBM’s success in achieving a powerful brand in the world.
As a result, IBM has become an iconic brand because it came to a point of becoming a cultural icon with corresponding identity value (Williams 76). There are many strategies in doing this and they are integral parts of cultural branding principles.
In this paper, the proponent tries to incorporate in the analysis how IBM Corporation was able to successfully achieve or create the power of its brands using the media as integral parts of communication, a specific strategy in cultural branding principles (Williams 76). The discussion in particular includes media, brand development, and the concept of gratification of needs based on psychological perspective.
Being in the computer science field, the organization has had the opportunity to specialize and interact with different computer systems at different levels, including network administration and security. It is worth to enroll in different classes including introduction to operating system, advanced programming, advanced wireless networking and computer systems management.
This is a critical provision I the context of management and operation enhancement. These classes will function as a basis for educational plan in order to achieve the set long-term personal goals. Attending the recent joint Google and IBM technology workshop in New York was beneficial.
Given academic performances, IBM Chief Executive, Virginia Rometty assured me of an internship in their organisation coming next summer. Business management of the IBM Company’s electronic products is what I want to do.
Reasons being: For IBM Company, the global arena has been something of greater interest because it has been engaged in international business. For this company it has been necessary to come up with ways of exploring markets whereby the economic factors appear to favor business operations. The economic position should be able to favor business growth and offer new incentives towards business success (Williams, 76).
Given a chance to manage a Global business like IBM Corporation, It is vital to make sure that there is a proper application of human resource as one of the relevant attributes, which can work miracles for a given organization (Williams, 76).
Why is this so? When there is a proper adoption of human resource management in an organization like IBM Corporation, it becomes very possible to have goals, which make all the employees in the organization working hard to the realization of better objectives and missions, which have been set in place. This enhances a possibility of having better results and provision of all positive services to the clients and stakeholders.
Human resource management, as an important contributory element in management, makes it possible to have all issues within the organization so that all players can be comfortable with the business involvements.
With an educational diploma in management from a reputable management institution, one of the greatest ideas passed to learners is in the manner in which decision-making is done within the organization. Thus it will be easy to engage in positive ways of making decisions in the business (Williams, 72).
During good decision-making, the president would be able to incorporate better strategies through which all individuals and employees in the business shall be encouraged to engage in the process. Decision-making is today the best rule, which has been seeing the greatest number of organizations achieving better performance and realization of their goals (Williams 76).
Whenever managing a business in a company, several elements need to be studied. From different publications, there has been presentation of the major factors affecting business performance both internationally and locally (Williams 78). IBM Corporation has been aiming higher profits within the next five years.
It will be the president’s chance to show that to achieve this there should appropriate utilization of resources and carry extensive studies to outline the major approaches that can improve the overall performance of the company.
The world affairs have constantly been changing. This been the fact, it calls for a company like IBM to use new ideas in analyzing the global business environment and know how to explore the markets. This will make it possible for it to realize its overall gains.
Ethics and Social Responsibility
In IBM, ethical business provisions are critical values, principles or codes of conduct that the company embraces to ensure that its strategic decisions are virtuous in nature. Ethics play a critical role in ensuring a company’s success. Currently, the organization’s culture sets standards that establish the difference between the good and the bad decisions and behaviors.
The manager of the company should play a leading role in the establishment of ethics within the company (Szymanski 23). The employees would only follow what the manager does. The company’s leaders are fully responsible for the setting of standards on what should be acceptable about the behavior of regarding the employees and what is not accepted.
The managers should create a working environment whereby the workers find it easy to work in an ethical way. Normally, clients have associated IBM brands with standard quality, reliability, and many other intrinsic values. This is due to the fact that brands simply emphasize attributes and meanings to the clients (Williams 76).
For a company dealing with electronics and computers such as IBM, there is a very big need to focus on both the micro and macro factors that can affect the global penetration of their products. With the fact that the computer industry has been expanding tremendously, it is necessary to study the changing economic trends in order to make informed decisions towards penetrating new global markets.
The analysis of the global environment is something that offers new insights about the market situation and also helps realize better opportunities. This will also help determine the major strengths and opportunities for the company (Williams, 72). As well, through such analyzes a company can understand the faced threats and weaknesses therefore seek new ways of improving their business.
In this context, organizational structure in IBM is critically established to ensure that the organization attains its managerial objectives. IBM is currently led by Ginni Rometty as the Chairman, President, and CEO of the company. The corporation requires a leader with absolute knowledge of the happenings in the company.
The leader should fully be involved in the business. He should always make sure that a manager is assigned to each department whereby each of them will be in charge of his or her department and must meet with the CEO every week to update him on the happenings and any changes happening in the company (Szymanski 45).
In other words, the company will adopt a functional structure of organization; which is one that isolates some duties and further splits them into simplified ones for specialization. The structure of functional organization divided the company’s activities into functional departments such as production, quality, information technology and accounting.
Events within this kind of structure are divided into functional departments such as information technology, marketing, accounting and research development and customer service. Soon, the company would be very organized and would smoothly develop without any problems.
This department mainly specializes in the production provisions. It caters for all costs involved in the IBM’s operations. The department should also be rich in the required raw materials and workforce. Some of the raw materials needed by the IBM Corporation may include various chemicals such as mercury. This department needs skilled labour as it is also divided into subsections in relation to personnel specialization.
Quality department ensures standard goods are produced in the production department as this enables the IBM products to have good market forces. This department also provides stickers and any other branding that may be necessary before goods are released to the market.
Accounting department at IBM takes care of all the financials controls activities. Auditing is also found within this department to ensure that company funds are used appropriately, and without any embezzlement. It is vital to consider the aspects of auditing in the organizational contexts.
Sales and marketing department
It is the duty of this department at IBM to ensure that goods are marketed. It is upon the Planning.
Project management is the most appropriate developmental technique in the workplace. It can be enhanced through proper planning designed during the project proposal. Considerable efforts are required in the planning of the implementation, monitoring, and project evaluation.
This technique is more than just the implementation of the activities identified in the log frame; it includes the management of all the components that constitute a project; starting from the resources, risks together with changes to ensure that the project meets its goals within the anticipated quality, budget and timeframe, and concurrently meeting the shareholder’s expectations (Williams, 76).
Scenario planning technique is not efficient or suitable in the workplace due to the increasing complexity of the society, which makes extrapolated trend-forecasts unreliable.
Unless the business setting is simple and the planning horizon is not far, ‘single point’ forecasts don’t reasonably represent the future. Instead of showing a range of possible results, they mainly focus on the identification of the most probable future. Nonetheless, a single point is based on a set of uncertain assumptions (Williams, 72).
The implementation of the scenario planning technique can be done in several types of organizations, at various levels within those organizations, and for many different reasons or purposes.
Nonetheless, any organization that requires a process or procedure for planning for the future uncertainties could significantly benefit from the use of this king of technique. Despite their story-like quality, scenarios follow recognizable and systematic steps. The process is highly intense, imaginative and interactive (Williams, 76).
Leadership at IBM Corporation is considered to be excellent because of the subdivision of the departments. The departmental heads carry out their jobs to perfection as this helps in boosting the company’s stability in the market.
Apart from the departmental heads, the president of the company also have a duty of monitoring all business activities taking place within the company hence taking control over the company’s departmental heads. Management at IBM is such a long chain that starts starts from senor employees to the board of directors.
Senior employees monitor the duties of their juniors. This is how it continues until it reaches the stakeholders or board of governors. Although the IBM president has power to control all the company activities, there are certain limits that may need stakeholders or the board of governors.
When a departmental head has any opinion, he or she has to pass it to the company president who later channels it to the board of directors. This clearly shows that the president’s role at IBM is to monitor and give reports to the board of governors for decision-making. It is vital to understand the business prospects of IBM so as to establish its market strategies.
Leadership management pattern at IBM has really contributed to its success in the computer industry. There is good coordination between leaders hence making it very easy to arrive at a correct decision based on the subject matter. The president cannot run the company alone being that IBM deals in many computer components or activities.
Controlling Management control
The Management Control Review’s purpose at the IBM Company is to examine the whole management system and controls to help the units work more effectively and efficiently. This will also offer a rational level of assurance or assertion that the products and process for which one is responsible are protected sufficiently.
IBM has ratified credible measures to discourage managerial irregularities and erroneous acts. One of the measures considerable in this context is the establishment of the department of internal audit. This is a critical provision in the business context.
The GAO General Management Control Standards
It is vital to establish and embrace credible managerial control standards. Management evaluation should be executed regularly to establish the levels at which the General Accounting Office management and control standards are incorporated within the organization’s virtues.
Concurrently, it should also embrace plans, strategies, and protocols that manage the undertakings and programs of the company. In its evaluation, the following have been ratified:
Adherence to the law
IBM’s operations have embraced global regulations and law. The allocation of resources is effectively and efficiently done to serve the rightly authorized purposes.
Considerable safeguards and assurance
The administration offers considerable assurances to safeguard IBM against misappropriation. This is a considerable provision in the context of management. It is important to understand how IBM safeguards its business provision and administration quests.
Proficiency, Manner, and Integrity
Integrity should be established, ratified, and embraced amidst workers and managers. It is important to understand the values of integrity within the workplace.
Audit Findings’ Resolution
Auditing is a critical provision in the business context. Lack of internal auditors has led to misappropriation of funds in several companies and organizations. That is why several companies and organizations have adopted it to help in bringing accountability, so that the money spent can be accounted for.
Internal auditors play a very critical role in the corporate governance of the company, its financial reporting processes, analysis of risk management and the internal control structure.
The internal audit department has helped in maintaining records of where the money goes, and ensures that the money is put into good use, and not for the benefit of individuals. The department has also helped the organization in knowing if it is making or loosing more money.
Internal audit has helped the company in reviewing the processes’ efficiency as well as the related international standards, shows commitment by the top management, offers scope of improvement, offers information for the management review meetings and also helping in the improvement of the client confidence and satisfaction.
Assign responsibility for the maintenance and reviewing of operational controls
The management assigns the individuals responsible for the maintenance of the controls and for their reviews to ensure that procedures are strictly followed and correction of deviations done.
In general, employees who are responsible for the SEA (significant environmental aspects) are responsible for the implementation of the related operational controls. Nevertheless, it is the responsibility of the immediate line manager to review the controls regularly. The company has listed the individuals responsible for every set of procedures.
Development of training that is operational control-related
The management of the company has ensured success in the meeting of the environmental objectives for every SEA offering sufficient training to everyone responsible for reviewing or maintenance of controls.
Take corrective measure in case objective are not accomplished
The management ensures that actions are taken to correct the failures in the operational controls within the quickest take possible to accomplish the environmental objectives.
Managerial control refers to the process by which varying business tactics are established and embraced to evaluate whether the ratified strategies are beneficial to the company’s internal environment. The external environment is also monitored.
More so, the control enables managers to examine the programs of the company from a long term viewpoint. Implementing strategic control is essential as it would monitor two things; that the implementation of the strategy is done in accordance with the plan, and whether the outcomes of the strategy are the intended ones.
This is a considerable provision in the context of management and other business provisions. It is vital to determine whether the planned business strategies will help the organization to attain its prospective objectives.
To achieve its objectives, IBM should adopt behavioral control. This is a strategy that would help in the monitoring of employees’ behaviors. It would also examine workers accordingly on the basis of their abilities and competence. The manager would examine the efforts as well as the inputs of the workers and see if they are up to the expectations. Employees should be rewarded in relation to their efforts in the company.
Conclusion IBM is a globalized corporation. It has considerable marketing strategies to ensure that it remains relevant and competent in the market. Their products control the market trends in the realms of technology and novelty. With the modern systems of education, management tactics, and useful theories, IBM has managed to thrive in the market with novel operational ideologies and production systems.
Ideal business strategies can be applied accordingly in any given organization for a better management approach. A number of companies are finding computer industry a lucrative venture thus creating a greater opportunity for computer technicians who range from programmers to engineers. Modern business practices in the computer technology have gone global.
Technological burst through is certainly the major contributor to the expansive and ever growing computer industry. Concurrently, aauditing is a critical provision in the business context. Lack of internal auditors has led to misappropriation of funds in several companies and organizations.
Leadership management pattern at IBM has really contributed to the organization’s success in the computer industry. It is vital to understand that the quality assurance department ensures that standard goods are produced and released to the market.
This has enabled IBM products to have a considerable market penetration. Precisely, it is crucial to determine whether the planned business strategies will help the organization to attain its prospective business objectives.
Works Cited Szymanski, Aleksander. IBM and the business ethics. London: GRIN Verlag, 2011. Print.
Williams, Chuck. Management. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.
Racial/ Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care among U.S. Adolescents Qualitative Research Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
This article is primarily a review of already existing data from a study carried out by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). The NSCH offers national and state evaluations of a variety of behavioral, emotional, and physical health indicators. This is evident as the article depends upon or puts reliance on secondary data obtained from the national survey on children’s health.
Secondary researchers do not carry out their own data collection. They rely on data from other secondary sources such as journal reviews, book reviews, and document like the population census and other researches. This article uses a historical research, which involves the analysis and statistical assessment of data that were originally sourced for other purposes (Lau, Lin
Las Vegas Sands Corporation Term Paper college essay help online
Executive Summary History
Las Vegas Sands Corporation was formerly called Sands Hotel in the early years of 1970s, Adelson and his partners acquired Sands hotel in the year of 1989 at a cost of more than $ 800 million.
A year after the acquisition of Sand Hotel, Adelson and his partners opened the Sands Expo and Conventional Centre from the profits generated by the Sands Hotel. In the year 1996, stiff competition from other hotels in Las Vegas Strip forced Sands Hotel to seek for new markets in Venice, which had less competition and a more serene environment (Sands 2).
Traditionally, hotels used to keep few guest rooms; the main aim was to encourage guests to spend more time in casinos and bar lodge, however, Las Vegas Sands Hotels had more hotel rooms, which were furnished with gorgeous furniture, large screen televisions, and big workspace, this created a paradigm in Las Vegas hospitality industry.
In the year of 2004, Las Vegas Sands Incorporation saw a potential market in Asia and opened a branch at Macao; this branch was branded Sands Macao. In the same year, Las Vegas Incorporation was renamed to Las Vegas Sand Corporation in 2004 (Sands 2).
In the year of 2008, there was a global financial crisis, which at some point saw Las Vegas Sands Corp. loss $ 1,000 per second, and its stock fell by 57 % within a period of 52 weeks. In the year 2009, the hotel opened a new branch branded Sands Casino Resort in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
In the year of 2010, Las Vegas Sand opened Marina Bay Sands in Singapore; Singapore had a stiff competition from other hotels, however, Marina Bay Sands posted an operating profit of $ 600 million in the first 8 months after commencing its business.
At the beginning of the year of 2012, Las Vegas Sands opened a branch called sands Cotai Central in Macao. Currently Las Vegas Sands investigates the possibility of growing to other countries such as Spain, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan, India, Madrid, Thailand, and South Korea (Sands 4).
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Las Vegas Sands Corp. offers quite a wide range of products and services to its customers; these products and services include accommodation, bars, entertainment, shopping, and dinning. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has build an air strip which holds ninety Boeing and 747 jumbo jets, exhibition centers in Asia which can hold 15,000 people, and a 550,000 square foot gambling casino.
Additionally, the Sand Casino Resort in Bethlehem provides a perfect gaming centre, Sands Sky Park offers a lush vegetation, several restaurants, infinity swimming pool, conference rooms, and observation deck, and lastly Marina Bay Sands has an Art Science Museum, which is lotus-inspired (Sands 4).
Las Vegas Sands Corp. has grown to a big empire, its size can be estimated by the use of the financial records, its properties, and its employees. Las Vegas Sands Corp. properties in United States are two AAA Five Diamond luxury Resorts build along the Las Vegas Strip: The Palazzo and The Venetian Las Vegas.
The Sands Expo is in The Palazzo and Venetian Resorts. Sands Bethlehem in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania is another property of Las Vegas Sands Corp and it occupies 126 acres, it is in United States. In Asia, Las Vegas Sands Corp. owns the Iconic Marina Bay Sands in Singapore.
In China, Las Vegas Sands Corp. through its subsidiary that is, China Sands owns more properties in Macao, China. These properties include The Venetian Macao, The Sands Macao, The Plaza Macao, and Four Seasons Hotel Macao, Sands Cotai Central, Conrad, Sheraton, and Holiday Inn hotels.
This shows how Las Vegas Sands hotel has grown because it has a big territory with huge markets extended to almost each major tourist’s destinations to net each tourist.
Market targeting involves selecting a specific class of clients, which a corporate aims its goods and services at. Las Vegas Sands Corp. targets the markets, which are romantic in nature and attract couples for their honeymoon or provide a serene relaxing environment.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Las Vegas Sands Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Las Vegas Sands Corp. targets both local and international markets; local markets are the markets in the country of its origin. The local markets and branches include Las Vegas, which is a city in America.
International markets include Asia, Europe, Venice in Italy, China, Singapore, Spain, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan, India, Madrid, Thailand, South Korea, Sands Expo, Sands Macao, Palazzo Las Vegas, Boulevard Las Vegas, Venetian Macao, Sands Casino Resort in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and Marina Bay Sands.
Competition Business competition is rivalry between two or more sellers offer the same but differentiated product or service to the market at different prices to win customers. Las Vegas Sands Corp. is facing a stiff competition from its competitors though Sands has several competitive advantages.
Sands has opened numerous branches in the local and international markets, this helps the hotel in diversifying its competition risks. A company with several service and products outlets maximizes its sales in the less competitive outlets hence diversifying its competition risk.
Sands hotel competitors include 7 Days Group Holdings Limited, Ameristar Casinos Incorporation. Boyd Gaming Corporation, Caesars Entertainment Corporation, Century Casinos Incorporation, China Lodging Group Limited, Choice Hotels International Incorporation, Full House Resorts Incorporation, Home Inns and Hotels Management Incorporation, Hyatt Hotels Corporation, Intercontinental Hotels Group, Isle of Capri Casinos Incorporation, The Marcus Corporation, Marriot International, Melco Crown Entertainment Limited, MGM Resorts International, Monarch Casino, and Resort Incorporation among others (Hoovers 2).
SWOT Analysis SWOT analysis is an exceptionally useful instrument for evaluating and making decisions for all situations affecting the business and organizations. SWOT is a short form word for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats.
Strengths (S), and Weaknesses (W) analyze the internal factors, which the company can control, and Opportunities (O), and Threats (T) analyze the external factors, which the company cannot control.
SWOT analysis is used to audit the general position and the environment, which the company is operating in (Walker 90). It is the responsibility of the managers to supervise the process of carrying out SWOT analysis and implementation of the recommended solutions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Las Vegas Sands Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More SWOT analysis helps a company identify the main factors affecting the company’s performance but the analysis rarely provides solutions to the factors. Companies can carry out SWOT analysis regularly because it is cost effective to the company; companies do not finance for SWOT analysis to be carried out by external firms (Walker 94).
Limitations of SWOT analysis are SWOT analysis does not prioritize the factors affecting the company’s operation, the analysis does not offer solutions or alternative decisions, the analysis can produce different ideas but does not choose the best, and the analysis generates a lot of information and not all of the information is useful to the company (Griffin 2).
Las Vegas Sands Corp. has strength over the main market position in the tourism and hospitality industry. Las Vegas Sands Corp. faces no significant new competition up to the mid-decade within Asia and Las Vegas (Griffin 3).
The Sands is best placed to exploit expansion opportunities in the Asia, with a leading position in Singapore (about 50% of market share) and a sturdy competitive position in China (about 15% of market share) (Sands). The Sands has a sturdy economic command, it possess one of the only two licenses to run casinos in Singapore and one among the six licenses to run casinos in China.
The Sands is an excellent operator of integrated hotels that generate high returns on invested wealth, and The Sands record place it in a position to win casino gambling legalizing licenses for new markets (Sands 6).Strengths are the characters that enable a company to accomplish its mission.
Strengths are the special and distinct feature, qualities, and traits that a company posses; these features give a company its consistency in service or product provision (Griffin). Strengths beneficial to a company include financial resources, human competencies, customer goodwill, products, and services, and brand loyalty.
Las Vegas Sands strengths include potential financial resources, broad product line, committed human resource, and reputable public relation. Las Vegas Sands Corp. is opening new hotels in different regions in annual basis.
Other strengths are main market position, strategic partnerships, and performance across segments, and increasing operating efficiency. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has strength of strategic partners for carrying out business together.
In china markets, The Sands has partnered with sands China Limited and build The Venetian Macao, The Plaza Macao, The Sands Macao, and Four Seasons Hotel Macao, as well as the most recent addition: Sands Cotai Central, which glorifies the world’s largest Sheraton, Conrad, and Holiday Inn hotels.
Strategic partnerships give Las Vegas Sands Corp. leverage in accessing a foreign market with ease because their partners are aware of the trends of the market (Sands 6).
Weaknesses include the qualities that harbor a company from accomplishing its mission hence slowing the company’s success and growth (Griffin). Weaknesses in a company may be caused by inadequate research facilities, poor decision-making, thin product range, and depreciating machinery.
A Las Vegas Sands Corp. weakness is the narrow product range; the corporation specializes in hotel services only without any outdoor services, awaiting legal actions, and high leverage (Hoovers 3).
Las Vegas Sands Corp. faces the weakness of pending legal undertakings between the Sands and the United States justice department. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has several pending court cases, in one case one the Las Vegas Sands casinos was accused of money laundry by the United States justice department.
The above example is one among the pending legal actions awaiting The Sands and once determined may result into a heavy fine. Heavy fines or cancellation of the casinos operating licenses may cripple the operations of The Las Vegas Sands Corporation (Sands 7).
High leverage is another form of weakness faced by the Las Vegas sands Corporation. Leverage is the amount debts that a company owes. The business of gambling casino is highly risky, The Sands needs to maintain a large cash reserves to cater for the increasing risks in the market. Increasing debts results in to low profit share to the shareholders and poor payments to the employees (Sands 7).
Opportunities are offered by the surroundings within which a company operates. Companies can expand their competitive advantage according to the available opportunities; a company should grasp opportunities once they arise (Griffin 4). Las Vegas Sands Corporation opportunities arise from the market, industry or government, technology, and competition.
Las Vegas Sands Corp. opportunity is the increasing touring sites and tourist in the continent. Other opportunities are strategic development, growing demand for gaming in Macau, developed gaming, and resort destination in Singapore.
Las Vegas Sands Corp. has an opportunity of strategic development. Strategic development is brought about by Innovation, which is an important tool for business ventures. Businesses use strategic development to exploit changes as an opportunity arises for a different business (Alpha 2).
Strategy development has creative ideas that address the demand-side wants and generate products as the supply-side solutions. The operations and capability to implement the ideas effectively and regularly measure the business efficacy. The Sands has used the above ideas to grow its business by opening new branches and differentiating their services to gain the market edge (Alpha 3 ).
Threats occur when the external environment jeopardize the smooth running and cash inflow of a company. The external environment cannot be controlled by the company and it relates to the weaknesses (Griffin 4 ).
Threats faced by Las Vegas Sands Corporation include of threats are employees unrest, changing technology, increased competition from the other tourism and hospitality companies, world economy, and different trade laws governing different countries. Other threats are decreasing consumers spending, competitive pressures, and stringent regulations (Sands 8).
Competitive pressure is a threat to Las Vegas Sands Corp (Griffin 4). Increasing competition leads to reduced operating profits of a company because of the reduced amount of sales and cash inflows. The Sands expanded to Venice in Italy because of the stiff competition from other hotels in Las Vegas Strip (Hoovers 2).
The American market, China market, and Singapore markets competition is increasing without a significant increase in the target customers. Tourism and hospitality industry all over the world is receiving new entrants, which mean the products, and services offered are of high quality (Alpha 4).
Decreasing consumer spending is a threat to Las Vegas Sands Corp. because of the fluctuating economy (Griffin 4). Consumer spending is measured by analyzing the movement of goods from several sellers to the customers in a certain market. Companies in the tourism and hospitality industry are experiencing a reduction in the purchasing power of consumers.
This has affected the total turnover of Las Vegas Sands Corporation, a reduced turnover results in to losses on the part of the company. Las Vegas Sands Corp. has retrenched a total of 485 employees in the last two months because of increased debts and operating expenses (Alpha 3 ).
In my own view, Las Vegas Sands Corporation has a potential of expanding its territories and diversify its market risk more despite its increased leverage. The corporation has a competitive advantage over some of its competitors, this because of its management’s ability to make effective decisions about their new target markets that turn out to be a great success once ventured.
Las Vegas Corporation has made effective use of the SWOT analysis in making the most crucial decision. However, The Sands needs to reduce the rate of growth and allow the already constructed resorts and hotels gain a larger market share and win customer loyalty from its customers.
Works Cited Alpha, Seeking. Las Vegas Sands: Macau Results Could be a Mixed Bag. 2012. Web.
Griffin, Ricky. SWOT Analysis: A Tool for Making Better Decisions. New York: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Risk Management Agency. 2008. Print.
Hoovers. Las Vegas Sands Corporation Competitors. 2012. Web.
Sands. Brief History of the Sands. 2012. Web.
Walker, John. Introduction to Hospitality Management. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010. Print.
The Impact of Tourism on the Ecosystem Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
According to Beaver, “tourism is the temporary, short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movement for all purposes as well as day visits or excursions” (313).
Beaver argues that tourism arises from a number of factors (313). “Tourism arises from the movement of people to and their stay in, various destinations” (Beaver 313). Tourism is made up of two major components: “the journey to the destination and the stay including the activities at the destination” (Beaver 313). Usually, the journey and the stay take place in an area that is different from the normal place of work or stay.
As a result, tourism gives rise to activities which are different from those done while at work or at home. On the other hand, “Dickson defines ecosystem as a community of living organisms with the physical processes which occur within an environment” (2).
Ecosystems often interact in a variety of ways through their biotic and abiotic components. Ecosystems often encounter stresses imposed by human activities and physical environments. In addition, they encounter changes which may be caused by human activities.
An example of human activities which cause changes in the ecosystem is tourism. One of the most difficult problem facing environmental scientists is diagnosing the nature of environmental change.
Not only is the extent and rate of change often hard to detect, and even harder to predict, but it may also be very difficult to distinguish between those components of change which are part of a natural process and ecosystem dynamics, and those which are as a result of human impacts.
Yet unravelling all of these issues is vital if ecosystem function is to be sustained and irreparable damage to the biosphere avoided. This paper attempts to analyse the impact of tourism on the ecosystem.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Bio Intelligence Service, “people are great consumers when on holiday” (1). Recent studies have indicated that the ecological footprint in some parts of the world is almost same as that of residents. Bio Intelligence Service notes that, when arrival transport account is put into consideration, this ecological footprint escalates. Tourism forms the backbone of many economies around the globe.
However, it has been found to exert indirect and direct pressure on species and habitats and, as a result, it poses a significant threat to conservation. Furthermore, tourism often disturbs wildlife and heightens environmental pollution due to increased transportation of people. The negative impacts of tourism on ecosystem are aggravated by the fact that tourists tend to consume more than the local communities.
In addition, tourists tend to consume more when they are on vacation. A study was conducted recently in Val di Merse, Italy, to determine the ecological footprint of tourists in this region. This study found out that Val di Merse receives a total of 685 tourists per day. As a result, the local population is increased by 5 percent.
The researchers “gathered data on arrival transport, on food and fibre consumption, on accommodation, on land use, utilities and waste, on local transport and on activities of tourists on holiday in Val de Merse region” (Bio Intelligence Service 1).
The study revealed that arrival transport contributes 86 per net of the total tourist impact on ecosystem. The study indicated that “the total impact of one tourist is 38.08 gha/per year” (Bio Intelligence Service1).
RAMP notes that “while recreational activities that take place in lakes, streams, wetlands, and their riparian areas are most likely to negatively impact the aquatic environment, land based activities can also impact the environment” (1).
RAMP indicates that tourist activities such as fishing and hunting of sea animals often lead to the decline in the pollution of aquatic species (1). Tourist activities also alter the aquatic habitat. For example, predator prey interactions are likely to be altered. Aquatic habitat is likely to be distorted by pollution and alterations in the neighbouring habitats.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Impact of Tourism on the Ecosystem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More “Off highway vehicles, including all terrain vehicles, Argos, dirt bikes, and off road vehicles, driven trough or across steams and other water bodies can lead to habitat destruction and degradation, including loss of stream bank stability and erosion” (RAMP 1). On the other hand, when tourists come into contact with wildlife, wildlife behaviour is often affected.
Johnson notes that the growth of tourism around the globe has overlooked concerns of increasing ecological resource use (2). Of late, various tourist attraction sites and infrastructures have been identified as sites of resource overconsumption.
Johnson argues that ecological footprint is essential in the evaluation of different types of tourist behaviours and choices. According to Johnson, “an ecological footprint examines the amount of natural resources required to support a specific type of behaviour, business or process” (2).
A recent study funded by World Wildlife Fund sought to evaluate the use of ecological footprint in the evaluation of the impact of tourism on ecosystem. The study collected data “on bioreproductive land, Bioreproductive Sea, built land, energy land, and area for biodiversity” (Johnson 6).
During the study, “the ecological footprint of each resort was broken into a number of key areas of ecological impact; air travel, waste, food, and hotel energy use” (Johnson 6). The research was conducted in Ontario. The study revealed that tourism has a total impact of a 45.79 gha/per year on the selected region (Johnson 6).
On the other hand, GDRC indicates that tourism has a number of physical impacts (1). It causes trampling. In this case, vegetation and soil are often disturbed when tourists use the same route over and over again. Anchoring activities also degrade the ecosystem.
“Anchoring, snorkelling, sport fishing, scuba diving, yachting and cruising, are some of the activities which can cause direct degradation of marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, and subsequent impacts on coastal protection and fisheries” (GDRC 2).
In addition, tourist activities might alter the ecosystems in a number of ways. “For example, wildlife viewing can bring about stress for the animals and alter their natural behaviours when tourists come too close” (GDRC 2).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Impact of Tourism on the Ecosystem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As noted earlier, tourism forms the backbone of the economy of many countries in the world. Many governments have invested heavily in the promotion of their tourist destinations. Some of these developments have a significant impact on nearby ecosystems.
For example, many natural lands located close to wildlife ecosystems are being cleared to create space for the construction of centres which will accommodate the growing number of tourists. In addition, most governments have converted natural wildlife ecosystems into national parks and game reserves. Confining wild animals in national parks and game reserves significantly affects their behaviours.
The reproduction of these animals is restricted and this can result into the extinction of the confined species. In addition, their natural feeding habits are affected. Some of these animals are fed on synthetic foods which might hamper their health. Furthermore, the confining of wild animals into national parks alters food chains and food webs in the natural world.
Hotels and recreational centres which are located close to water bodies often discharge wastes into these water bodies thus affecting the aquatic ecosystem.
Moreover, there is an increase in the consumption of sea foods. Many resorts located close to water bodies often offer sea food to visiting tourists as one of their special meals. Tourism contributes to the increase in the demand of sea food and indirectly affects the aquatic ecosystem due to overfishing.
In summary, this paper has noted that “tourism is the temporary, short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during their stay at these destinations; it includes movement for all purposes as well as day visits or excursions” (Beaver 313).
Beaver argues that tourism arises from a number of factors. “Tourism arises from the movement of people to, and their stay in, various destinations” (Beaver 313). Tourism is made up of two major components: “the journey to the destination and the stay including the activities at the destination” (Beaver 313).
Ecosystems often encounter stresses imposed by human activities and physical environments. In addition, they encounter changes which may be caused by human activities. An example of human activities which cause changes in the ecosystem is tourism.
One of the most difficult problem facing environmental scientists is diagnosing the nature of environmental change. Not only is the extent and rate of change often hard to detect, and even harder to predict, but it may also be very difficult to distinguish between those components of change which are part of a natural process and ecosystem dynamics, and those which are as a result of human impacts.
Yet, unravelling all of these issues is vital if ecosystem function is to be sustained and irreparable damage to the biosphere avoided.
Experts argue, “people are great consumers when on holiday” (Bioscience Intelligence 2). Recent studies have indicated that the ecological footprint in some parts of the world is almost same as that of residents. Bio Intelligence Service notes that, when arrival transport account is put into consideration, this ecological footprint escalates. Tourism forms the backbone of many economies around the globe.
However, it has been found to exert indirect and direct pressure on species and habitats and as a result it poses a significant threat to conservation. Furthermore, tourism often disturbs wildlife and heightens environmental pollution due to increased transportation of people.
The negative impacts of tourism on ecosystem are aggravated by the fact that tourists tend to consume more than the local communities. In addition, tourists tend to consume more when they are on vacation.
Tourist activities such as fishing and hunting of sea animals often lead to the decline in the pollution of aquatic species (RAMP 1). Tourist activities also alter the aquatic habitat.
For example, predator prey interactions are likely to be altered. Aquatic habitat is likely to be distorted by pollution and alterations in the neighbouring habitats.
“Off highway vehicles, including all terrain vehicles, Argos, dirt bikes, and off road vehicles, driven trough or across steams and other water bodies can lead to habitat destruction and degradation, including loss of stream bank stability and erosion” (RAMP 1). On the other hand, when tourists come into contact with wildlife, wildlife behaviour is often affected.
Works Cited Beaver, Allan. A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism Terminology. Derby: Macmilan, 2010. Print.
Bio Intelligence Service. Environmental Impacts of Tourism. June 2010. Web.
Dickson, Gohr. Ecosystems. Vancouver: Oxford, 2010.
GDRC. Tourism’s Three Main Impact Areas. May 2012. Web.
Johnson, Allan. Exploring The Ecological Footprint Of Tourism In Ontario. Waterloo, Ontario: Oxford Press, 2010.
Regional Acquatics Managment Program (RAMP). ‘Potential Effects from Tourism and Recreation on Aquatic Ecosystems.’ 2012. Web.
Ethical Issues in the School Case Study cheap essay help
Robert is a disruptive student whose case raises several ethical concerns. The first one is that he does not follow school rules and regulations as a student. He is also disobedient and bullies other students in class. Teachers do not expect their students to behave in such a manner hence the behaviour portrayed by Robert is not ethical.
The second ethical issue raised in the case is that Robert has gone to the extent of stealing a phone from the bag of another student. Stealing is not accepted whether the person involved is a teenager or an adult. It is wrong for Robert to involve himself in stealing because this is likely to cause serious consequences.
To begin with, it will affect his studies negatively. Secondly, legal action might be taken against him because stealing is prohibited by law. The third ethical issue raised in the case is that Robert risks being expelled from the school completely although he is capable of changing into a good student and a kind person.
Since the case of Robert is a serious ethical issue, it is important to apply certain ethical approaches and theories in order to handle it effectively. The first ethical theory that will guide my action in handling the case is deontological theory.
This theory argues that human beings are governed by certain moral rules that cannot be broken. According to deontologists, doing the right thing is considered ethical regardless of whether the outcomes are good or bad.
My actions will also be guided by utilitarianism theory. This theory focuses on the outcomes of a certain decision. According to the theory, choices or decisions that benefit a large number of people are considered ethically right.
In Robert’s case, the concept of good denotes actions that are acceptable to the school administration and ones that do not disturb other people within the school environment. This theoretical approach provides a rational approach for making a decision on the most appropriate thing to do in the case of Robert.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this case, there are two options of action that can be used to handle the situation. The first option is to expose Robert as a thief because information about the stolen phone has spread in the school and the girl concerned is distraught.
The second option is to summon Robert privately, counsell him and get the phone without informing everybody. Robert should not be exposed to the rest of the school members if he apologises because he has the potential to change and become a good person if the problems he faces at home are solved.
In this case, the option I will choose is to report Robert to the school principal for the necessary action to be taken. The first reason behind this decision is that Robert has been a disruptive student in many occasions.
He bullies other students, yells in class, and does not do assignments. It might be assumed that he will change with time but this might not be practical because the principal has warned him many times without any success. He has even gone to an extent of giving Robert a last warning.
One of the factors that might prevent me from taking this action is the fact that I have observed Robert for six months and I think he can change into a good and kind student. This might be true but eventually the action will have to be taken because even after several warnings, he has not changed and still behaves unethically.
It is unethical to keep him in the school with the hope that he will change yet he does not show signs that he will change. Exposing him might have negative consequences since he will be expelled out of school.
However, this is the most appropriate option because according to utilitarianism, it will result in the greatest benefits for the people in the school. Robert will suffer but teachers and students will be free from his disturbance.
We will write a custom Case Study on Ethical Issues in the School specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Philosophically, the decision to expose Robert as a thief is the most appropriate method of handling the situation. This is because this decision will have the greatest benefits for the majority. In addition, the decision might have short-term negative implications for Robert but eventually, it will prevent him from getting into more trouble.
For instance, his behaviour has shifted from causing disturbance to other students and disrupting normal school operations to stealing. If he is allowed to continue stealing, he might continue doing it until he lands in prison. It is therefore philosophically right to expose him as a way of preventing him from getting into bigger trouble.
The course of action taken in this case is consistent with choices ethically conscientious people make. An individual who is ethically conscious looks at how the majority benefit from certain actions although some individuals might suffer.
In the case of Robert, the most appropriate action is to expose his unethical behaviour that disrupts other people. Some people might think that he should not be exposed as a thief but instead should be given a chance to reform and change his behaviour.
However, he has been warned several times and he seems not to change. It will be unethical to give him more time to change while he disrupts normal school operations. The decision to expose him is therefore consistent with choices made by conscientious individuals.
Deontology and utilitarian theories have been used to analyse the case of Robert. The two theories will assist an individual in everyday decision making. It is important to make decisions based on certain theories since they provide insights on what is ethically acceptable.
Deontological theories argue that it is important to do what is right regardless of the outcomes because human beings have obligations that are not supposed to be broken. This theory will assist individuals in everyday decision making because some situations make it difficult to make the right decision.
Utilitarianism is the second theory that will be useful in everyday decision making. According to utilitarian theorists, decisions should be made on the basis of their benefits for the largest majority.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethical Issues in the School by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This implies that our actions should not favour individuals at the expense of a larger group of people. The theory is therefore important in everyday decision making because it enables individuals to make decisions that benefit the majority.