Internal And External Analyses For Elecdyne Report Essay Help Site:edu

Introduction Elecdyne is a Japanese Electronic SME, which was founded in 1990. The company uses technology licensed from various multinationals to produce a range of electronic products including TV sets and CD/DVD/MP3 players. Initially, the company had five workers but now, it has about 100 employees. However, despite its growth, the company is struggling for its place in the Japanese electronics market. Therefore, as a way of expanding its sales, the company considers internationalizing its business.

This report gives an outline what world market the company should enter (part 1), how it should attain such an aim (part 2), and the products it should produce (part 3) once it decides to do so. The report will use both the SWOT and PEST analyses in finding a country which Elecdyne should consider as its new market.

However, as the company decides to internationalize its business, it must consider a number of factors before doing so. The most important factor that the company should take into account is cost minimization. Here, the company will determine whether its decision on internationalizing to a particular country will reduce its costs or not.

The next factor that the company should consider is access to technology and technological expertise as this will help it to avoid relying on large multinationals. The company also needs to consider access to a new market as well as mind the size of the market at which it targets.

In addition, Elecdyne should also consider economic and political risk factors because being a small company, it is not in a position to take high risks. Lastly, the company should also mind socio-cultural factors as they define what conflict is generated in the organization due to the differences between the Japanese culture and that of the host country. Besides the factors mentioned above, the strength and weaknesses of the SWOT analysis under internal one also give the factors involved in choosing a country to extend its market.

Analysis of Framework This report uses a framework that encompasses both the SWOT and PEST analyses’ tools. The SWOT analysis outlines the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that Elecdyne has or is likely to face in its way to internationalization. The PEST analysis tool, on the other hand, evaluates the following factors, such as political/legal, economic, social-cultural and technological.

The internationalization factors mentioned earlier in this report will be divided amongst these issues and assigned various weightings based on their significance and relevance to the needs of the Elecdyne Company. In order to decide which country the company should consider as a new market, the analysis will be combined with the opportunities and the threats of the SWOT analysis tool in this report.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, within an internationalization factor, any research data that is better than that the one from the Japanese market will get from one to three plus ( ) symbols and that is worse than the Japanese market’s one will be assigned from one to three minus (-) symbols. However, if the data is the same, it will not be given any symbol. The plus ( ) symbol represents an opportunity, and the minus (-) symbol shows a threat.

All these factors should be taken into account and combined all together to create the whole picture to determine what country will provide the greatest opportunity for Elecdyne Company. In addition, the scores will be averaged within each internationalization factor to account for discrepancies in the quantity of data collected for each factor. Therefore, this method does not only consider the factors against Japan but also compares them with the ones of the other countries as well.

Internal Analysis Strengths of Elecdyne

The company has good experience in efficient cost management;

The management team of the company knows English; therefore, it can easily get access to new large markets as English is the major international language for business (Hurn, 2009);

The company is resilient; it has experience in large and competitive markets;

It is aggressive in achieving its aims;

The company uses technology licensed from various multinationals; therefore, it has good relationship with other companies.


The company is unable to employ R and D graduates, thus it has difficulty in accessing technology;

Its expenses in renewing technological licenses are increasing;

The company has had minimal growth for the last three years;

It only supplies the Japanese market;

Due to lack of qualified expertise, the company lacks innovation;

Its cost-based competitive advantage cannot not allow it to differentiate and build its brand (Ormanidhi and Stringa, 2008).

Internationalization factors (weighted)

Factor Weight Economic and Political Risks 2 Cost Minimization 10 Market Access/Size 4 Access to Technology 5 Culture-Fit 1 External Analysis Political/ Legal

Japan Kenya Denmark India Political Risk (2x) = Low Risk – = High Risk Government Type Parliamentary government Republic _ Constitutional monarchy Federal republic _ Political instability Index-higher number equals high risk (Viewswire, 2011). 3.8 7.5 _ 2.2 4.5 _ War Risk-higher number equals high risk (ONDD, 2011) 2 4 _


3 _ Labor freedom Index –higher number equals more freedom(The Heritage Foundation, 2011) 81.1 62.9 _ _ _ 92.1 _ 67.2 _ _ Average 0 -6 1.0 -2.5 Market Access/Size (4x) ISO standard prevalence 62746 257 1574 37958 Size of main trade union (Bailes, Gooneratne, Inayat, Khan,


Effects of Technology in Education Case Study writing essay help: writing essay help

Introduction Technology has without doubt altered the way we conduct our lives. It has influenced nearly all the aspects of life and changed the way of living. Unquestionably, technology plays a significant role in every field of life. Thanks to technology, people do not have to perform majority of the traditional manual tasks since they can now be automated.

With the help of technology, many of the intricate and significant processes can be conducted with increased ease and accuracy with the aid of modern technology. Thanks to the multiple positive outcomes of technology, the education sector has undergone a notable change and as it is, this change has been for the better (Pea, 1998).

The invention of computers and the Internet technology have brought a major revolution in the education field. For this reason, the significance of technology in schools cannot be disregarded. In fact, the introduction of computers in schools has made it easier for teachers to disseminate knowledge and for the students to take hold of it.

To put it more aptly, the computer technology has added a fun-element to the learning process. Additionally, the invention of the internet has brought the much-needed interaction in the education sector (Miller, 2008).

The introduction of computers in schools has presented students with an interactive audio-visual media that makes learning easier. The invention of PowerPoint presentations and computer graphics software has been used in schools to deliver information to the students in an interactive manner something that enhances the comprehension ability due to increased interest from the students.

Additionally, the use of animation software and PowerPoint presentations acts as illustration aids to the teachers. This has been found to bring about alertness, increase student attendance and consequently improve grades. This goes ahead to show just how computer aided learning has revolutionized the education sector as compared to the use of textbooks (Miller, 2008).

Apart from the use of computers, another technology that has had a major revolution in education is the internet. The internet is a massive information center, which can be used as an effectual tool for obtaining knowledge.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Unlike in the past when a student had to dig through tones of textbooks in a library to research for information to back a 1000 word thesis, all that a student who is connected to the internet needs to do is to type some simple search words and they are presented with countless search results.

Currently, there are numerous educational websites and web indexes that give information on a wide range of subjects and this has made the obtaining of information to be an easy task (Eide Neurolearning Blog, 2005).

Today, online education and distance learning have redefined the field of higher education. Unlike in the past, students do not need to be physically present in a classroom for them to participate on the deliberations.

Many higher learning institutions have online courses for students who are unable to attend regular learning classes. Additionally, nearly all schools around the world now give students an opportunity to present their assignments online. This is quite a big development in the field of education and it can all be attributed to technology (Pea, 1998).

Although most of the effects of technology on education have been positive, it would be a gross mistake to claim that there are no negative sides to it. it is sad to note that the availability of technology on all areas of education has made people to forget that there are some ages, disciplines and learning styles that are better suited to different, non-technological based methods.

However, technology has influenced people in such a way that most educators do not have clear goals and solutions for how to achieve particular outcomes in some disciplines with the absence of technology (Miller, 2008).

It is also important to note that the use of technology has negatively affected the stages of learning and of cognitive development in young children. In most cases, the cognitive development in young children largely requires a multi-sensory approach that is impractical to simulate through technology.

We will write a custom Case Study on Effects of Technology in Education specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For this reason, the insistence to use technological advancements in the learning process at this stage has greatly hindered the cognitive development of many children thus making many of them unable to function in the absence of technology (Miller, 2008).

Conclusion The impact of science and technology in educations is enormous. Within a few years, technology in the educational sector has transformed learning from being a boring venture into an interactive and fun-filled activity. This transformation has not only been on the side of students but the benefits on the side of teachers have been innumerable.

Despite these positive impacts, technology just like everything else in the world has a negative side to it. One of these negative influences is witnessed in the area of cognitive development in young children, which largely depends on a multi-sensory approach that is impossible to conjure up by the use of technology.

However, weighed against the positives, the negatives should not discourage us from adopting the use of technology, which has brought a revolution in the education field. Indeed, technology can be said to be God’s greatest gift to the education sector in the 21st century.

References Eide Neurolearning Blog. (2005). Brain of the Blogger. Web.

Miller, M. (2008). The Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom: Views of Technology in Education. Web.

Pea, R. (1998). The Pros and Cons of Technology in the Classroom. Web.


Application of Principles Essay argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Modality Principle

Redundancy Principle

Coherence Principle

Personalization Principle

Video review and recommendations



Introduction In e-learning, there are various concepts, principles and theories that variably impact the process of dissemination and reception of information. As a matter of fact, in order for adequate learning to take place, there is need for various essentialities to be keyed in appropriately. In this paper, focus is going to be on highlighting how the principles of modality, redundancy, coherence and personalization influence e-learning.

In doing so; relevant concepts, ideas, facts and authoritative scholarly opinion on cross-cultural negotiations from relevant books and articles will be used to further the arguments presented herein. Additionally, a video review and a succinct analysis of the usage of fitting e-learning principles will also be presented to exemplify the importance of these learning principles.

Modality Principle In e-learning, several researchers have reportedly been able to evidentially find that the presentation of words in audio results in better learning when compared to words presented on on-screen text. This design theory which supports the use of audio narration, instead of on screen text, is what most e-learners refer to as the modality principle (Mayer


Speech Genre Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Gossip Genre

Literary Genre

Essentially Masculine Genre



Introduction A speech genre can be defined as a relatively stable type of expression that matches a specific characterized situation. Speech genres consist of daily communication activities like greetings, conversations, military commands and many more. Most speech genres are based on social, economic and relationship status between the sources of the speech and the target audience. It is important to note that, each speech genre consists of a unique tone.

However, the presenter of a speech genre is free to use accent to express individuality and is capable of mixing genres from diverse spheres. Since this is a daily conversation and communication process, the better we use genre commands, the more effective we implement an open speech plan which allows us to mix genres comfortably.

Basically, speech genre can be referred to as an utterance. It is true that utterance never comes to an end when it ends another one emergences and a response becomes an utterance to reply the previous one. Vocal statement is always created and formed as a response to previous statement/s and is always created in anticipation of a responding statement. There is no complete language, all language is sporadic, provisional unfinished and can be compared with to a connecting web of utterances. (Crowston 2000:234-238)

Gossip Genre In this article we are going to discuss gossip as our genre and look into deep the causes and effects associated with gossiping. Mostly, the effects of gossip are normally negative and they do affect a person professionally, socially and even psychologically.

On the other hand gossip can be taken as an excellent bonding opportunity that provides an advance warning of possible potential crises with your company. They enable an individual to set his/her boundaries before in advance. Always it’s very painful; and damaging to the person who is a target of gossip. (Crowston, 2000:246)

Gossips mostly originate from one close friend who knows you in deep and discuss your characters with other on your back. They are common mostly in work place where maybe a person who originates with the gossip aims at receiving a favor and damaging other person reputation. Whenever giving rumors about the other person its good to understand the risks behind the scene, for gossips are taken as defamation and one can be convicted of a slander and be prosecuted. (Dillon, 2000:678)

For the gossip tellers its good to put in consideration some of the issues before spreading the rumors such as you have to weigh the importance a gossip is, check whether the rumor will affect someone career so if it’s a serious allegation its good to address the issue to the supervisor or the Human Resource Manager rather than gossiping about it.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Always keep it light and instead of gossiping it is good to be a trustworthy person who can keep friends secrets and in some extent company’s secrets. Always assume whatever you utter will be spread and be blamed to be the source and avoid gossiping during work hour for it can lead to disciplinary action, ensure you gossip during tea break or lunch hour.

Finally, to the gossip teller never put it in writing no matter how legitimate the allegations are, avoid using e-mails or instant messages for some organizations monitor all correspondences and it can be very risky if your boss walks in with a printed e-mail or message to be evidence against you.

With invention of new media rumors and gossip spread rate increased to thriving one. People are nowadays using internet, e-mail, social media e.g. Facebook, twitter, Skype and even mobile phones to communicate with their friends on some selected topic.

It has proofed to be very dangerous with the way news are spreading with a very short span of time and lack of identification where people use different names and holds more than one account with the email providers and the social networks making it difficult to monitor the correspondences flowing in the social sites.

We can be sure that if a gossip teller gossip to us, likely we become target audience for their gossip and there are no justifiable reasons for gossiping. Those who gossips aims at ruining reputations, injure others and for no good reason than to achieve their personal ego. For those get gossiped about are not assisted but definitely harm is being done on them.

Additionally, if any one of us is not addressing the issue directly to the person but instead we are talking about them from their back we behave and become gossipers and this makes us malicious and backstabbing persons.

Literary Genre To define what is genre is like to embark on a conjectural journey within a theoretical minefield. Genre theory has drawn numerous debate and contemplation throughout literary history, however several conclusions have materialized. Genre types are unfixed categories whose characteristics differ considerably additionally, the role of literary history plays an important function in genre discussion for they evolve and shift with a new literary text.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Speech Genre specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More There are some ways to discuss genre although challenges thrives in any approach, the subjective nature of the literary experience calls for attention to the importance of the interaction between reader and text to provide the final word on genre.( Spinuzzi,2003:75-77)

Although there is considerable theoretical debate about the definition of specific genres, the usual definition tends to be based on the idea that words or actions within a genre share particular convections of content and context such as themes, settings structure and even style. Consequently history and culture play a major role in the ever changing status of genres which are difficult to define because of their concept.

Essentially Masculine Genre The crime fiction genre has for long period held principle antithetic to feminism. Through the ethics these principles imply that female traits are diminished and female characters marginalized to specific duties and responsibilities in a society. In Michael Ondaatje’s forensic novel “Anil’s Ghost” and also in the Alan Moore’s graphic novel “Watchmen” female crime fighters must posses’ male characters to succeed in maintaining order and administering justice.

Equally, in John Huston’s classic noir film The Maltese Falcon and Alfred Hitchcock’s film Rear Window, female characters are shown as chauvinistic or centralized ways through the engagement of Crime Fiction conventions. The female crime fighter appears to be only successful when she adopts a certain prejudiced characters. In Anil’s Ghost this is definitely true of the eponymous crime fighters who take on the principles of the hard-boiled seeker-hero, such as Huston’s Sam Spade.

While the amateur female sleuth “has been a staple of mystery novels for generation. The professional female character is an exciting newcomer to a market which is fully dominated by males.” (Jasinski, 2001:335)This is clearly shown out by Anil, she is a loner, and her family died and is abandoned by his lover and husband. Her name serves as a metaphor for her muscles as she first purchase it of her brother ironically using her sexuality and then denies her family’s attempts to emasculate her name by adding as ‘e’ at the end of it.

The significant element of the men hard boiled crime fighter is pursuit of ladies and this is confirmed by the sexual relationship experienced between Anil and Leaf. Additionally, an apart of boiled romance is that the crime fighter is never taken in by their lovers as Anil is not accepted by Cullis and does not give in herself to be controlled by him resisting forcefully.

However, Anil is basically a female character and so her basic inability to fit the masculine principle is reflected in her critical failure to achieve justice and restore order as expected by the norms of the convection.( Jasinski,2001:320)

Masculine perception in today’s world can lead to a very serious problem. Whether a male or a female both has equal potential of securing any opportunity that comes their way in life time. A sense of denial to some women mess a lot with their performance where they believes that a man is there to work better than that.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Speech Genre by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Gender equality has brought confidence in women life and make them feels superior as a normal man. Women has been in the front war line fighting and protecting the integrity on their motherland and therefore any statement which may intended to cause gender differences is highly regretted and its important for us to utilize the media that we have both electronic and print in preaching gender equality and condemn any partiality. (Kress, 2003:45-47)

Conclusion Speech genre is generally supposed to support our means of communication. The way we send a message from the sender to the audience determines how our message will be received. The theme and tone of our utterances portray perceptions that we intend to send across hence one must be keen when making statements to avoid causing harm to him/her or to the others.

Once you utter a statement you become the originator and anything that protrude from the said words you tend to bare all responsibilities. Therefore, it is true that the language is naturally dialogic direct from its contexts. The sentence or phrases becomes a systematic utterance when uttered from one context of application to another.

References Crowston, K.


Strategic Human Resource Management Report (Assessment) college essay help near me

Human resource management (HRM) is the art of managing employees in an organization. It involves the use of people to achieve organizational objectives in a productive manner and still satisfy the needs of individual employees (Fuller, 2005). This is the traditional approach to human resource management. Human resource management has always been viewed as a department set apart from the rest of the organization.

Lately however, the human resource department has had to justify its existence within an organization due to the increase in use of technology in place of human resources.

The move is an attempt by the HR department to remain relevant to an organization in the face of the current technological changes. This has led to the emergence of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM). SHRM is a form of management that links HRM with organizational goals and objectives to improve performance and to strengthen organizational culture (Fuller, 2005).

SHRM focuses on organizational performance rather than individual performance (Inyang, 2010). Unlike HRM, SHRM is not just reactive. It seeks to prevent problems rather than tackling them when they occur. The objective and activities of SHRM must be measurable, must include deadline for accomplishments, should identify and involve key stakeholders and HR customers, and should nominate individuals responsible for implementation (Fuller, 2005).

It is difficult to implement SHRM and as such, it is faced with various challenges. This paper discusses the issues that a human resource manager should understand and the actions that should be taken to get the job done. The three big issues facing HR managers in recent times include developing and retaining talent, anticipating change, and enabling the organization (Society for Human Resource Management, 2002).

Although strategic talent management lacks a consistent definition and clear conceptual boundaries, Collins and Mellahi have defined it those activities and processes that involve the identification of key positions that contributes to the organization’s competitive advantage. It is the development of a pool of talent consisting of high performing employees and the development of a human resource structure to facilitate filling of these roles (Collings


Distance Learning Research Paper essay help free

Table of Contents Introduction

Uses of distance learning

The impact on Universities and older people

Advantages of distance learning

Disadvantages of distance learning

Problems arising as a result of distance learning

Basic cases and statistics



Introduction Distance learning (distance education) is one of the fields in education that deals with teaching methods using technology with the objective of delivering teaching without face to face contact between students and their instructors. In most cases this system is based on individuals, along with students who are not able to physically attend normal classes.

People have described it as being a process of creating as well as providing “access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance or both” (Moore


Web Development Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help

Table of Contents Introduction



Cultural Benefits



Works Cited

Introduction At the outset, web designing emerged as an easier and simple way of exchanging information. It was a better means of communication and had better networking benefits compared to the commercial reasons. Later on, the Web became an avenue for making profits, and the information space that was prior for providing free exchange thus changed to a space for commercial transactions.

The open source movement first emerged when major players met and decided to begin the initiative of licensing to protect software developers. The movement was therefore a licensing measure meant to make source codes available to others beside the author through leasing.

There was also need to allow programmers to distribute their software freely and enable people to modify source codes. The current web-based software developers such as PHP, Firefox, WordPress and Linux are thus major contributors to development of modern websites. Open source has consequently had a direct influence on web development and browsing such as flexibility and innovative development initiatives in addition to providing network solutions.

History Development of ‘open source’ receives very little attention especially official concerns by the initial founders for its development. The initial organizations to benefit from the open licensing systems directly included the Department of Defence (DOD), Research Agencies, and the Lab researchers such as National Laboratories (Reece et al, 92). These organizations were the most viable producers, users and beneficiaries of the licensing operation.

The firms also provided the platform for major advances such as the firewalls, and other network security tools. Open licensing therefore caused firms to merge ideas and integrate development of operating systems and related software to high-tech but inexpensive software/hardware supercomputers to replace the original Pentium-based systems.

Although departments such as the DOD or Space Agencies may have developed or initiated most of the research into open source, in overall, today’s beneficiaries include commercial agencies. Commercial enterprises such as Netscape, Red Hat, Cygnus, MacAfee and Caldera were quick to realize the opportunities offered by web-based methodologies and begun to offer the open source arrangements.

Other firms that latter on came in support of open source included the hardware developers such as Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Compaq, Sun Microsystems and IBM (International Business Machines) among others. Consistent with VanDyk, the concept open source emerged from software engineers, but today the entire movement is made of technologically motivated individuals (9). They focus more on technological productivity as opposed to economical benefits.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Developments Although the initial authors retain all the rights of their code, restrictions are less and simpler to allow others to utilize the code. Today, different countries have constitutions supporting the freedom of speech. Users never thought programs would be freeware in a manner comparable to the way verbal communication is an inalienable right today. Redistribution of software code does not face unnecessary restriction, since developers found that ‘open source’ is an effective way of finding and correcting faulty codes.

Open source also encourages reliability and quality of software due to the independent reviews and the rapid dynamic nature of the web-based programming. According to Van Reijswoud, the simplified way of defining ‘open source’ may appear more pervasive compared to technical definition (230).

The open form of licensing allows any individual developer as well as a corporation to give others freedom to change competence and quality of a code, at the same time retain ownership as long as the beneficiaries agree to equally share the code with others under similar terms of agreement.

This form of web development allows development of new web programmers particularly among users who wish to make their contributions on success and quality of products. Web development has therefore advanced to allow better distribution of expertise through refinement of existing codes. Experts are also able to provide new services through innovation and inspired creations.

The new trend of user-developer enhances development of diverse and advanced modern websites. Open source therefore allows a progressive form of dynamism that is almost impossible to achieve given any other condition that developers may find (Meeker, 38). There is a revolution on the way the software engineering industry has developed in terms software quality and ability to assist beneficiaries from the developments.

Current success of the internet is for the reason that there is direct success of the open source form of web development. Success of World Wide Web therefore indicates the evolution and power of open content. According to Richter, ‘open source’ is a form of licensing that affects development, distribution and use of software, thus causing direct change on corporations (281). It assists to focus innovation of information technology to ensure generation of profits.

Cultural Benefits Pragmatism demands that people share ideas and beliefs as opposed to involvement in scientific formulae. Open source has therefore been on constant demand among human needs indirectly, since proponents hold up to strict scrutiny of applications. Scientists allow extensive source code usage and analysis, which often means critical review of design, functionality, structure and content.

We will write a custom Essay on Web Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In line with Allen et al, programming involves more that art or design work, it has a foundation of functionality and practical knowledge (81). Technology maturity has thus caused spreading of knowledge and enhancement of techniques. Programmers are ready and more willing to have their codes examined, verified and used by others. Allowing others to use the code is mostly based on utmost good faith that the favour will be replicated or returned as opposed to financial benefits.

Employers of excellent source-code providers such as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sun Microsystems, IBM and other corporations also have a direct benefit of fame, recognition and demand for goods or services. Their products are a direct reflection of business personality, capabilities, and the collaborative nature.

The use of ad hoc organizations has assisted in great developments, for instance the Apache Group were able to build up the most popular server “World Wide Web”, without ever convening. Working partners such as the Berkeley Software developers’ in-charge of commercial firewalls have employees working from various locations and collaborate electronically. Open licensing therefore allows organizations to pull web-based initiatives together and ensure survival of best products without disenfranchising anyone.

Programmers are becoming smarter to ensure production of the best and greatest codes compared to potential competitors. The easiness of obtaining the source code is also a great inspiration and a guide for many initial code developers especially web designers. An author of a code can find feedback such as suggestions or criticisms from other users and this is vital for systems productivity.

Companies such as Microsoft can also be able to find the open-source teams and expand their capabilities indefinitely since such measure is global and allows full-time international interactions. In line with Koch, open source enables a firm to ensure continuous use, maintenance and enhancement of a product (5). They must be able to integrate change on future developments to ensure competitive investment. The systems are able to harness sustainability, through collaboration of users and developers.

Challenges “ Although code developers are eager to maintain a reputation in the industry, open source may compromise need to recognize ownership of the original version of code. Indiscipline among users and lack of tight security measures to protect originality leads to existence of multiple versions of a code. With such scenario arising, it is extremely difficult to give credit where it is due. The uses are supposed to benefit from enhanced applications and related financial benefits, while the initial developer gets recognition.

Conclusion Software developers have often engaged and appreciated the open source form of programming due to easiness on implementation of aspects that initially seemed to conflict such as reliability, innovativeness and interoperability. Internet community ought to value creativity and efficiency and ensure that accomplishments are not redone/duplicated but rather improved.

Good open source software incorporates other common data formats, and these forms of reuse and refinement have previously enhanced development of quality and unique software. There are various debates based on open source especially envisioning future prospects of the field of sharing codes. The current research studies on the matter provide only a glimpse of the facts and fail to expound on the possible pedagogy and technological changes.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Web Development by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Today there is a unique but exiting era and as Canne puts it, “the perfect e-storm is becoming less cloudy and ominous” (151). The writer emphasizes the importance of maintaining the idea of open licensing. Founders such as CISCO termed open sources as the greatest investment a company and consequently the government can make.

Open source applications are thus the basis for implementation of the Internet, as well as mail servers. Ideas of the programmers provide chances for improvement, scaling and reutilization of code to achieve new goals. Various internet protocols such as TCP/IP are a long lasting communication and sharing rules still in use on any network today.

Works Cited Allen, Chris,. Balkan, Aral,. Grden, John,. Arnold, Wade,.


Bandura’s Social Learning Theory/Observational Learning Term Paper essay help

Introduction The social learning theory as postulated by Albert Bandura stresses on the importance of modeling and observing the attitudes, emotional reactions, and behaviors of other people. As such, social learning theories tries to explain the behaviors demonstrated by humans in the form of uninterrupted mutual contact between behavioral, cognitive, and environmental influences.

Bandura was convinced that learning can be hazardous and dangerous if we only rely on the individual actions of other people to guide our daily actions. Additionally, we are more likely to demonstrate the behaviors that we have learnt from others (Altshuler


Business Ethics on Global Enterprises 5th December 2011 Report (Assessment) argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help

Table of Contents Identified Scenarios/Ethical Issues

Legal and Ethical Issues

Fiduciary Duties and Manager’s Ethical Responsibilities

Alternative Solutions


This assessment on business ethics in Global Enterprises is designed to identify and understand the best ethical and critical decision making options, consequences and legal provisions on management process (Dienhart, 2000). Effective decisions would be useful for both the company and the working staff and amicable solution of any issues should be of great importance. Business ethics always contributes to either bad or good reputation of a company and this also applies to the Global Enterprise Company.

Several global businesses including some of the major brands that the public normally uses in either way have violated this provision by not thinking rightly on the ethical business concerns and the binding laws. These businesses have been fined several millions for breaking these business ethical laws.

To avoid such consequences, Global Enterprises as focused contractor and manufacturer, should consider the scenarios it is in order to find the best solution that is acceptable to the employees and the Union of Munitions and Armor Workers (UMAW). The Authentic Assessment Project (AAP) in this case analyses the scenarios presented that the GEI is facing.

Identified Scenarios/Ethical Issues Employees of the company are registered members of the Union of Munitions and Armor Workers (UMAW). It is ethical to make decision that may not damage the reputation and good name of the company. Therefore, the most amicable way to deal with the employees who are under the umbrella of a union should be a sounding reason that befits the action against employees. It is automatic that the employees are enjoying the support of the union.

Often, the union binds the company to fulfill the rights of the employees and that they must be always paid promptly including better working terms and conditions. This is very ethical for the union to act in the interest of its members (Shaw, 1999).

It is not the problem of the employee, but a mistake of the managers who do not follow the provided laws to guide the business operations. In the labor market, unions and labor laws are provided, which must also be respected by the GEI. It is not a question of whether the company abides by the laws, but the effected action.

Manufacturing of land mines and exporting to Afghanistan and Iran is contrary to international law and treaties. There must be consideration of the parties involved in the international treaty. This is because international laws are not simply made by the law makers, but are brought up by legislators and some of them could be lawyers.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These international laws that guide treaties among countries are made by the government legislators. All the parties that the law affects are required to abide as the government overseas the operations. GEI Company had violated the treaty and the business operates and deals with illegal and explosive devices.

The enforcement of these laws is through intergovernmental organizations, which create soft law. Ethical considerations are part of the factors that influence the formation of the international laws. In this regard, there must be a reason that such laws are enacted for the best interest of the population and any danger that might interfere with the international peace process and enhance good business performance. GEI seems not bothered by these possible outcomes.

This is very ironical, no wonder the management have got financial constraints and could not fulfill its fiduciary duties. This could also explain why the company produces substandard products specifically materials used in manufacturing and producing landmines where most are ineffective. However, ineffectiveness could be as a result of poor quality work, which could not be approved by the national government.

As a result, even though they pay highly when sold, the customers who had sensed the problem would hardly buy from them in future, apart from taking legal action against the company for compensation (Parker, 1998). The quality compromise could be difficult to mend because poor business practices and financial constraints disable the company to purchase quality materials for the business. This could be as a result of unethical behavior in the business.

Ethical behavior in a business is a fundamental virtue for all the parties involved. There are both merits and demerits in a business environment.

The advantages includes, getting higher revenues that could be used to settle all financial needs, improved business brand for awareness and recognition, excellent employee recruitments and motivation and lastly more other financial sources from ethical investors (Crane


Gatsby essay help online: essay help online

Table of Contents Introduction

Nick’s contradictory feelings


Works Cited

Introduction The Great Gatsby is a novel of vibrant characters, and paradox is one of the main themes of the book. Nick, the main character, has contradictory feelings when it comes to Gatsby, his rich and showing-off neighbor. He dislikes certain things about him, while, at the same time, he admires him.

He represents everything that Nick has come to hate about the people who live in the West Egg. He also symbolizes the things that Nick and the other people around him would love to have, yet it is beyond their reach. Thesis Statement: Nick admires Gatsby because of his persistence in pursuing his dream despite the overwhelming odds against him.

Nick’s contradictory feelings Nick hates the way the people in the West Egg love to display their wealth. He dislikes their poor tastes in clothes or fashion, vulgar speech, excessive lifestyles, and their lack of social connections. The people who live in the East Egg, on the other hand, have aristocratic connections and pedigrees. They are also conservative.

Nick is disgusted with the rotten crowd composed of Daisy, Tom, and Jordan. They do not exercise any restraint when it comes to alcohol and illicit sex. Tom is having an affair with Myrtle, yet he is married to Daisy. He rents an apartment where they can meet for their clandestine activities without any disturbance. They engage in wild parties and get drunk on most occasions.

More about This Topic Who Killed Gatsby and How Did That Happen? 5 95 What Was Jay Gatsby’s Real Name


Product Life Cycle Essay essay help site:edu

Introduction According to definition provided in the biology sciences, living things follow a rigid development lifecycle of birth, growth, maturity and death. This cycle forms the basis for the concept of product lifecycle and, by extension, a framework for describing the path a certain product will follow in a particular period of time.

In product management, this concept comprises of introduction, growth, maturity and decline stage. In the introduction stage, it takes some time for a product to be accepted by the public, but by the time it reaches the growth stage it is able to attract many customers. In maturity stage, its market even out as competitors develop competitive products, and its popularity declines. Old products are finally withdrawn from the market marking decline (Marketing Teacher, 2000, Para 1).

Since PLC depicts the product path from the launching period, it is a perfect tool for managing a product. Organizations can establish customer demands and alter the products features to meet these requirements. In addition, it helps the organization to determine when cost recovery will commence, as well as define the volume of transactions.

This information is important to the organization for two reasons. First of all, it is possible to tell when a product can be introduced or withdrawn from a market. Secondly, it gives information about a product success or failure, as well as its position relative to competitors’ products.

However, PLC has its limitation, especially it lacks for the universality in application (Tellis, nd, 6). This paper discusses the concept of PLC and how it is applied to cost recovery. It further examines how the concept has been successfully applied in development of technological products by Apple Inc.

Stages of Product Life Cycle In addition to the four stages in figure 1 presented, I will also discuss the development phase in this section.

Figure 1. The Product Life Cycle

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Source: Christiansen et al, 2010 p 801

Development Phase This phase involves the conception of a product idea and various changes made on the basis of the original mode before it is being developed into a final product. The model product is passed through the test market before being delivered to the target customers. In the development stage, company does not generate any revenue, although it incurs expenditures. This stage is followed by launching of the model product that survives test market.

Introduction Stage

At this stage, the product adopted after development phase is launched. The company’s goal in this stage is to ensure that the product will have maximum impact by the time it goes in the market. This is why it is necessary to take into account the customer’s demands that a product should meet (Haslam, 1989, p. 20-21).

Because of promotion at this stage, the costs are high, advertisements and need for equipment for distribution are needed, and thus, this phase involves spending with little returns (NetMBA, 2002, Para 2). Some companies prefer to outsource some functions such as distribution in order to reduce the cost. The main goal of this stage is to establish a customer loyalty and increase product demand.

Growth Stage

A product that makes to this stage enjoys public awareness and significant rise in sales. As a result, the company is satisfied because it can now start recovering its initial costs (Business 101 — The Basics, Nd, 7). Because of the increased public awareness, distributors readily accept the product since it is easy to market.

Consequently, the company derives profit and recovers initial expenditure. This stage is an opportune moment to maximize product market share. Products that are new entrants into the market gain market share quite easily (Komninos, 2002, 6). However, as the market expands, competition begins to emerge and, as a result, prices begin to decline.


Previous stage competitions continue and increase in strength and ferocity. This is because more competitors have begun to develop similar products. Competition to maintain the market share becomes intense and profits starts to dwindle.

We will write a custom Essay on Product Life Cycle specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Differentiation of strategies applied in order to survive in this market that were initiated at the previous stage are widely used. The result of this differentiation is a market that has many product models.

At the beginning of this stage and end of the previous one, sales have reached their peak levels. Customers are already familiar with the products and they have several substitutes to choose from, thus demand depends on customer preference of a products feature. Since the brand is established, advertisement expenditure is minimal.

Profit margins are also low as key players cut their prices in order to maintain market share. The best companies and products are the ones that stand competition at this stage. Thus, the main goal of this stage is to expand product market share from previous stage.

Decline Stage

At this stage, many companies abandon the market as demand for their products decreases due to the fact that customers change their tastes and preferences. This tendency provokes the development of more competitive products. According to Avlonitis (2002, 14), the company’s strategies influences the decline of a product, as well as the generation of this products.

Old products will attract little customer demand, but companies that have highly differentiated products may continue to make profit (Perreault et al, 2009, 243). As a result, companies register low sales in this stage due to changes in customers’ tastes and fashions. As a result, companies embark on other marketing strategies hoping to rejuvenate and extend the product line on the marketplace.

Extended Example In this section, I will use iPod and iPhone products to demonstrate the differences between mature and growing market. Apple Inc is an American multicultural corporations dealing with marketing and designing of computer software, consumer electronics, and Personal computers (Markoff, 2011).

Technological products have shorter product life cycles because companies are persistently evolving and improving their products by prolonging their significance and extending their life. Apple Inc, for instance, develops new and better technology after every twelve to eighteen months and, as a result, the products it offers to its customers are always innovative and revolutionary.

Figure 2. iPods Sales Chart

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iPod sales trend in figure 2 shows the product cycle. Before its peak sales in 2008, various generations of the product had been introduced such as Nano, Class and Touch and iPhone in the middle of the year (Cahill, 2011, Para 2). This year, there was little competition for iPod but introduction of iPhone distracted its potential sales.

Both 2008 and 2009 years presented in the figure indicate that the sales had been stabilized and afterwards started to decline. In 2010, Apple quarterly sales report revealed a decline in the sales of iPod. These sales had been reduced from 11 million to 10.2 in a span of three months.

Figure 3. Apple Product Sales by Segment

Source: Ashcroft, Nd, 8

Figure 3 shows that iPod overstayed in a maturity stage and it’s now entering its decline. On the other hand, iPhone curve shows that these days it is going into its growth stage, and it has registered an increase in sales. The company has also introduced a new product in 2009 called the iPad.

However, it is iPod that has significantly contributed to the higher profits that apple has experienced. In spite of this, its sales graph has reflected the S-curve that indicates that it is undergoing the product life cycle. As we have already discussed, in order to prevent decline, it is necessary to improve the product features to rejuvenate the growth of sales. This may include development of new iPad model that will have additional feature.

Different Product Market Phases and Their Impact on Cost Recovery In introduction phase of the product, costs are higher and there is no return for the company. As a result, it does not recover the cost incurred in product development at this stage. As the product progress to the third stage of PLC, company registers increased sales and the brand is be recognized, this results in further cutting the cost and increasing returns.

In the maturity stage, since the product brand is already established, the company does not spend much on promotion (Nagle


Electronic Advertising Essay writing essay help: writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction

Literature review




Reference List

Introduction In electronic advertisement, business enterprises take hold of the opportunities presented to them through the Internet and the World Wide Web to promote their respective businesses. Electronic advertisement involves the use of these and suchlike platforms to deliver marketing or promotional messages to potential customers.

Electronic advertisement is performed through search engines, social networking sites, blogs, E-mail and online networks devoted to its promotion. One major benefit presented by electronic advertisement that surpasses traditional advertising methods is the increased ability to customize adverts, thus making investments in this kind of business more efficient.

Another benefit of electronic advertisement over traditional advertising methods is that it has the ability to reach a wider audience comprising people of different ages, ethnic and racial backgrounds. the next advantage of electronic advertisement is that consumers wield more control on an item and, therefore, can choose whether to check the advert or not.

The Internet is the main platform through which electronic marketing is carried out. Its expansion to accommodate more capabilities is an incentive that attracts business enterprises to electronic marketing.

Literature review Organizations need information systems so that they can manage efficiently and provide security to the information at the procession. In addition, information systems are an effective means to improve integration and work processes in them. An information system basically creates a log of another system that is integrated into the organization.

The system which log is created by an organization’s information system is known as a target system. Owing to the dynamicity and volatility of the electronic marketing environment in which an organization or business enterprise finds itself in, there is a need to mange its marketing information more efficiently and log its marketing systems to ensure optimal performance.

Thus, there is the need for information systems based on the information technology devoted to the electronic marketing. Such information systems are known as Information Technology-based Marketing Information Systems (MkISs).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More MkISs can be defined as a collection of procedures and methods formulated for regular planning analysis and presentation of information that is essential in marketing decision-making (Talvinen, 1994, 8).

Managing marketing information through MkISs in an organization facilitates effective online or electronic marketing as it ensures that marketing decision-makers are presented with timely and accurate marketing information, thus enabling them to improve the design, plan and implementation of their electronic marketing strategies (Talvinen, 1994, 8).

MkISs collect, share marketing information and use it to promote the corporate and brand image of an organization. MkISs in organizations improve communication of marketing information between personnel in the sales (or promotion, or product management) and accounting (or corporate planning, or advertising) departments.

An examination of MkISs reveals that a number of models underlie their design and development (Talvinen, 1994, 10). These models present MkISs along two aspects, namely, typical subsystems and general dimensions. There are six classes of these models, thus the classification is done on the basis of the type of primary use of the MkISs.

The first class of these models is data gathering where MkISs that fall in this category are used primarily for gathering marketing data and all the necessary information. The second class of MkISs’ models is data analysis which comprises of MkISs used first for analyzing the collected statistics that is critical in marketing decision-making. The third class of MkISs’ models is marketing planning which captures all the MkISs that facilitate effective design of marketing plans.

The fourth class of MkISs’ models is marketing decision making, which captures MkISs that enable informed and positive decision-making with respect to the marketing strategies. The fifth class of MkISs’ models is the implementation of marketing activities, which capture MkISs that are used in the development and promotion of successful electronic marketing activities.

The sixth class of MkISs’ models is control, which is divided further into two subclasses, namely, external and internal ones. The external control subclass of MkISs captures the MkISs that are used in controlling an organization’s external marketing environment and activities. The internal control subclass of MkISs deals with the MkISs that are used in controlling an organization’s internal marketing environment and activities.

We will write a custom Essay on Electronic Advertising specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More MkISs can be divided into two groups, and this is dependent on two things. The first one is the position of the users of the MkISs in the organization, and the second is the use of a certain type of the MkISs. The first group of MkISs is used by managers, and the second one is that for use in sales and marketing activities.

Typically, in an organization, there is a variation in class of MkISs used by managers and marketing analysts and so on. Similarly, there is a variation in class between the MkISs implemented in operational sales activities and marketing. The users of MkISs, marketing information management and decision-making systems include marketing managers, senior executives, marketing analysts, marketing experts and SBUs (Strategic Business Units) (Talvinen, 1994, 10).

So as to come up with sound electronic marketing decisions, marketing managers heavily rely on marketing analysts and experts because the latter have skills to transform raw marketing information collected by data gathering MkISs into knowledge needed by the marketing managers. In today’s world, MkISs are not only designed and developed to be used strictly in the context of management but in other areas as well.

MkISs are integrated into operational process-oriented systems for sales and marketing that are used in operational daily marketing activities. These daily marketing operational activities include telemarketing, database marketing (or direct mailing) and operational sales management. The users of such kind of MkISs are personnel in an organization’s middle management, operative sales and marketing.

A very important factor to consider when integrating MkISs is the relationship between them and other information systems (Talvinen, 1994, 10). These other information systems include those used in other organizational processes, such as finance, human resource, production, etc.

The movement of data or data flow between the MkISs and the other information systems should be understood and defined well. Another very important aspect to consider in the integration of MkISs is data gathering. The MkISs have to collect information from the marketing environment of an organization and, mainly, from consumers and competitors.

MkISs generally gather marketing statistics of a qualitative nature whereas other information systems working with the MkISs collect quantitative data (Talvinen, 1994, 10). An example of data gathered by MkISs is consumer buying behaviour. MkISs can be tuned to generate management reports, such as sales forecasts.

To complement the statistics and information gathered by MkISs, there is an outstanding need for organizations to collect data on the organization’s external marketing environment. When such data is gathered, it can be again stored in the MkISs. Such statistics is accumulated through queries invoked against commercial databases and data banks. Another aspect to consider in the integration of MkISs is how to transform or convert the data gathered into usable information and knowledge (Talvinen, 1994, 10).

Not sure if you can write a paper on Electronic Advertising by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More MkISs are a vital tool in the implementation of the sales and marketing strategies as they provide an analysis approach and analysis tools for converting the qualitative data they have gathered into information and knowledge. An area in which the knowledge generated from an MkISs is used is in sales and marketing activities, e.g. telemarketing and database advertising.

Another area which benefits form the knowledge generated from MkISs is management which has to control markets, marketing strategies and activities, analyze target markets and make marketing decisions. Operational MkISs are vital sources of internal information for management MkISs’, which are the main systems that generate information from the data collected (Talvinen, 1994, 10).

Another area in which the knowledge generated from an MkISs is useful is in research and development where new marketing strategies are developed, and/or older ones are improved. Information generated from MkISs is also useful in market forecasting as well as planning. Another very important aspect to consider when integrating MkISs into an organization is analysis and decision-making (Talvinen, 1994, 10).

MkISs are tools for analysing the data they gather. Moreover, these systems are, therefore, essential in successful and effective decision making. Marketing analysts and experts should familiarize themselves with the analysis approach and analysis tools presented by the MkISs. Senior executives are the main decision-makers and should be, therefore, conversant with how the MkISs present their findings.

In the organization, marketing decision making involves close collaboration between the current analysts (experts) and the senior executives with the former ones transforming the raw data gathered by the MkISs into the information and knowledge that can be readily used by the latter

Analysis One of the underlying strengths of all the MkISs is information technology (IT) boom. The IT boom is a worldwide phenomenon encouraging the automation, storage and digitization of the knoweledge. This inherently encourages the development and use of MkISs. Another underlying advantage of MkISs is their need for digital storage of information.

Traditionally, marketing information would be kept and stored in paper form, which would make it more risky and arduous to manage high volumes of information. With MkISs, information is stored in electronic form in computers reducing the chances of it being lost and, in addition, it makes its management easy.

Another basic benefit of MkISs is their need for an integrated information management for marketing data. The marketing environment in which organizations find themselves in is very dynamic and volatile. Collection and management of marketing data in such an environment can be difficult, thus MkISs make it possible for the statistics to be collected and kept until the time when an organization is ready to transfer it or use it in one or another way.

The next main strength of MkISs is that they need to have a ready access to marketing data. The electronic (digital) storage of marketing data by MkISs allows its users to have a ready access to the marketing data from any geographical location as long as the MkISs are online, It means that they are running on the World Wide Web or through the Internet.

Another underlying strength of MkISs is its compatibility or support for advanced information technology infrastructure. MkISs can be implemented or integrated using advanced information technology infrastructure. This factor allows to have a huge storage of data and fast processing. This ensures that knowledge is generated from the MkISs in real-time and quickly integrated into marketing decision making.

On the contrary, one of the main weaknesses of MkISs is the need for advanced knowledge to operate them. Typically, MkISs’ infrastructure consists of computer hardware such as mainframes, which are less user-friendly to operate and thus may require additional training which can be costly.

Another disadvantage of MkISs is low security. Keeping information online as its risk as the information is vulnerable to online attacks from hackers who can maliciously use it for their own gain. An organization is to ensure that the information in the MkISs is secure, otherwise, lack of information security can be detrimental to the organization. Low security is a weakness as well as a threat of MkISs.

Findings From the analysis above, low security as been identified is both the weakness and the threat to MkISs. One way to enhance the security of MkISs can be implemented through cryptography where information is hidden from unauthorized individuals due to the use of encryption and decryption algorithms (Coulouris et al, 2005, 275).

In the face of the online attacks, cryptography ensures knowledge security by making sure that information being exchanged between the MkISs and the other systems is encrypted and decrypted by authorized individuals (Coulouris et al, 2005, 276). Another way to maintain the security of MkISs is through firewalls. Firewalls monitor as well as regulate the communication and interaction between a computer and an online resource and, thus, ensure that no malicious attacks can occur.

In addition to these security enhancing measures, it is also important that MkISs undergo continuous quality improvement (CQI). Continuous quality improvement ensures that MkISs do not become obsolete in the face of new challenges, especially those relating to security.

In continuous quality improvement, the potential failures of MkISs are determined beforehand, and action plans (proactive incident response plans) are formulated to eliminate or deal with them. One technique of doing CQI is FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) (Black, 2005, 25).

FMEA reveals the strengths, weakness and potential failures of a system. The main function of FMEA is that it predicts the failures related to the design of a system and, therefore, ensures that the system will be based on the set standards and work according to all the necessary requirements.

Conclusion As technology advances, the capabilities of the Internet and the World Wide Web are extended in tandem. This results in increased online traffic which marketers want to tap into. electronic advertising. This is, therefore, a positive strategic investment for organizations and business enterprises with long term growth and expansion objectives and endeavors.

To perform effective electronic advertising, it is imperative that such organizations are able to manage their marketing information effectively owing to the dynamicity and volatility of the environment they are to operate in. Thus, it is important that they acquire and implement MkISs, which are information systems dedicated to improving decision-making in the area of electronic marketing.

MkISs, however, have one major shortcoming which is that they cannot guarantee the security of information stored in them. This shortcoming necessitates the need for an organization to invest heavily and regularly in information security.

Reference List Black, R. (2002). Managing the testing process: practical tools and techniques for managing hardware and software testing. Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Canada

Coulouris, G. Dollimore, J. And Kindberg, T. ( 2005). Distributed systems concepts and design. (4th ed.). Pearson Education Limited: England.

Talvinen, J.M. (1994). Information systems in marketing. European Journal of Marketing, 29(1), 8 -10


Communism and Capitalism Essay writing essay help

Table of Contents Introduction


Revolution of Social Darwinism



Work Cited

Introduction During the modern history, there existed two main economic systems, namely: communism and capitalism. Their ideologies are intrinsically divergent and often unreceptive to each other. All over the hostilities defame and institutional propaganda has become extensive known creating worry and hatred between communist and capitalist.

Capitalism is defined as the economic system based on free trade where private sectors are allowed to do businesses with another individual or group of private citizens. In this system, the means of product and service production is mainly carried out and owned by the individuals instead of the government while communism also known as fascism is contrary to this where production and distribution of products is carried out by the state as non-profit organization.

Communism The book “The Time Machine” is mainly a social appraisal of H.G. Wells who was a Victorian England predicted into a far future. The largest part of his life he remained a socialist with communist background and he argued in most of his books that capitalism was a major challenge to the post-modern future.

Fast development in technology, social life, education and other capitals had commenced the industrial Revolution in during 17th and 18th century. Additionally, he argued that by the late 19th century of “The Time Traveler” the UK was most powerful with the economy whereas industrialists were enjoying their absolute wealth.

The capitalists during this era overworked men, women and even young children who were forced to work overtime with penny wages in dirty, smoke-filled industries. After observing all this as it took place, Wells decided to incorporate various scientific, natural and social ideologies in his arguments against capitalism and he majored on the citizens who were selective, discriminatory for their personal gain as they continued to exploit the poor and vulnerable members of the society (Wells 47 ).

Revolution of Social Darwinism First of all, Wells characterized capitalism as a revolution of social Darwinism. In this theory “Origin of Species”, the author Charles Darwin argued that nature allowed the reproduction of species that their characters fitted for best survival.

Therefore, social Darwinism was formulated by the British Philosopher Herbert Spencer whom regularly misrepresented this idea of natural fitness to validate 19th century social stratification among wealthy and unfortunate people. Wells contradicted with this philosopher where he argued that it did not imply that surviving species on an environment and the best but simply fit for their precise environment (Wells 83).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is therefore concluded that evolution does not guide into perfectibility but to the maximum adaptability of a species. Communism was therefore aggravated mainly by the pessimistic impact of the industrial revolution on poor industrial employees. It was aimed at creating a social class of public common ownership where they believed that the society in general was more important than personal rights liberty and individual’s freedom.

On the other hand, as the communist fought hard against the capitalist, there were negative impacts that were associated with it where most dictators erupted as the results of communism for they were overall decision makers. For communism to work out, it relies on human nature where they need to be completely humane and ready to work for gaining of their neighbors (Wells 94).

Capitalism Capitalism has the major economic system which takes control of the world economy and it has proved to be perfect enough comparing to the other economies such as socialism. It is characterized by its mode of production where prime resources such as capital and land are owned by the individuals.

Trade activities are fully controlled by the interaction between customers and sellers in the market and the owners here is free to make maximum profit from their resources. The main objective of a capitalist state is to secure concurrent high employment and stable prices (Wells 58).

During late 19th century, wars uprising and economic despair has acted against capitalism. The great depression period has acted as the most challenging moment within the capitalism history where shares in the stock market depreciated at an alarming rate. Capitalism on its sides is referred to as the best economic friend for it freely allows for global competitive market and capitalist contributes a lot to the economy of a nation.

There are two types of capitalism which are commonly known, of which one of them is the proprietary capitalism. During this period of capitalism, there were only some corporations and no one could relate them to the modern society. The other form of capitalism is progressive capitalist economy.

In this type of capitalism, business outputs are present as inputs of the future. Even though capitalism has gone through transitional changes all over the years, capitalistic economy structure has remained to be most influential economy as well as the political structure in the world.

We will write a custom Essay on Communism and Capitalism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Finally, communism and capitalism has acted towards the economic development but several challenges have affected both economies. The communism has greatly affected it people where personal growth has been affected by national ideology of togetherness dragging back both economic and infrastructure development. On the other hand, capitalism has lead to emergence of life standards where it exists rich and the poor resulting to the exploitation of the vulnerable members of the society.

Work Cited Wells, H. George.The Time Machine. Penguin Classics, 2007. Print.


What are the most important challenges that museums are facing today? Term Paper college essay help

It is apparent that museums today are undergoing some radical changes. These changes reflect shifts in the relationships between dominant western cultures and those of indigenous, minority, and marginalized cultures everywhere. Historically, people have perceived museums in their own conservative sense.

This has made archivists in museums to respond to the conservative instincts of the people, thus causing moral dilemmas and premeditated challenges. Despite the challenges, it is imperative to note that museums act as agents in the development of culture. Meanwhile, the main goal is to foster knowledge through a process of continuous reinterpretation.

Besides this, they narrow their focus on collections that are multifaceted and diverse in order to cover a wide range of target audiences. For this reason, museums’ policies designs and stored artifacts are subject to change to fulfill their main goal. Due to these myriad facets of change, this paper discusses the challenges facing museum in the contemporary era. Moreover, the discussion will also expound on how best to respond to such challenges.

One of the major challenges affecting museums is the fact that they have failed to prioritize the audience preferences. Since this is seemingly a major concern, world museums have relentlessly attempted to seek for ways and means of accommodating large number of audience.

On the same note, they also want to advance their role in research. Quite often, research and audience interest might not coincide since scientific researches go beyond the visible and tangible world. Archivists use this knowledge to design, categorize and preserve collections in museums.

Additionally, most of the museums fail to identify their key targeted audience. In this case, they design their own archivist displays that their audiences perceive to be unsuitable. It is vivid that for a long time, museums have used the common way of doing things forgetting that new ideas and practices have transfigured people’s perception. At this juncture, it is evident that museums face dilemma on deciding what to display in order to match with the tastes and preferences of their target audience.

According to researchers, presentation in museum can at times deter acceptance from the target audience. There is empirical evidence that museums are changing frequently to match the demand and expectations of their target audiences. As a matter of fact, there is a huge challenge in determining how to shape collections, create exhibitions and organize programs.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another daunting challenge facing museum is the issue of illegal trafficking of artistic artifacts and ethnic objects ( In recent decades, some communities have reclaimed certain ethnic objects that were obtained from them. Ethnic groups claim some of the monumental objects and to some extent they fail to surrender them to museums. Moreover, policies that were followed by museums to acquire monumental objects have kept changing from time to time.

There have been critics where individuals from different part of the world to claim artifacts that were shipped form their countries to other places. This has raised controversy across the globe since it is perceived that the return of such artifacts would cause damage to them. It is evident that during the 17th to 19th century, site seers toured places and carried artifacts of material culture to their native countries.

Such artifacts were later surrendered to their country’s museum. A good example includes the British government that has been pressured by the Greeks to return back their Elgin marbles. However, through the universal museum declaration in 2002, the pressure to demand back such objects were curtailed. Movement of museum artifacts was restituted with the aim of enhancing a reflection of ancient values and phenomenon that existed at the time of acquisition.

In line with this, museums have put more emphasis on displaying artifacts for audience rather than creating meaning. According to research conducted in various museums, there exist long rows that are crowded by artifacts each under a certain theme. However, the labels that are put along with such artifacts normally provide scanty information. The main challenge is that, museums have been perceived as educational centers for the educated few.

Moreover, this disadvantages visitors who lack adequate background information about the artifacts in the museum. In line with this, lacks of understanding deter visitors from appreciating artifacts on display. Therefore, museums have been considered as reputable avenues where individual obtain accurate information on material culture in an entertaining manner.

However, this can only be achieved by engaging the heritage with come interpretations. However, lack of experimentation techniques such as videos and multimedia presentations make people not to learn about museum artifacts.

Nonetheless, there are possible recommendations for the challenges. For instance, the international museum community should discourage illegal trafficking of artifacts from museums. It is worth to mentions that artifacts that were acquired earlier need to be perceived lightly considering the numerous values, sensitivity and reflections of ancient eras. Additionally, monumental objects that have been identified should be acquired by museums through legal processes.

We will write a custom Term Paper on What are the most important challenges that museums are facing today? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Procedures that should be used include purchasing, portaging and rewarding the immediate communities who are already part and parcel of the museums. By so doing, the communities will have the will to protect such monuments as part of their heritage. Moreover, policies pertaining acquisition of archaeological and cultural artifacts should be kept constant and favorable thus making the communities involved to have the will to surrender them peacefully.

Consistently, museum archivists should design their displays in a manner that they favor the interest of various target audience such as visitors, learners and the general public. Besides this, they should also provide artifacts that have well defined subject in term of their original context and detailed information of their environment. Museums should not change abruptly with change in technology and values. Instead, they should incorporate artifacts that are rich in ancient and modern civilization.

Availing such artifacts in museum will foster universal admiration of world culture in the international sphere even for the forth coming generation. Nevertheless, the universal museum declaration should take keen measures to avoid inter-state conflict such as that which existed between Greek and United Kingdom. This can be attained by restituting activities involved in stealing, misappropriating, trading and re-representation of work of art in museums.

To recap it all, it is imperative to note that despite the changes in museums due to modernization and cultural evolutions, artifacts still remain excellent in illustrating human civilization. They describe how human culture developed from antiquity and its evolution up to the contemporary epoch. It is worth to mention that museums are not only meant to entertain but also to educate and inform society.

Moreover, museums should not merely benefit audience of a particular country. Nevertheless, contemporary challenges facing museums can be decimated through a collaborative effort in the international arena.

Works Cited Flynn, Tom. The Universal Museum: a valid model for the 21st century? 2011. Web.

Wise, Michael. The New Acropolis Museum, a Minimalist Showcase for Ancient Greek Art. 8 Sep. 2009. Web.


Ethics Between Law and Religion Opinion Essay essay help online free: essay help online free

Introduction Ethics refers to moral behavior that is acceptable to a particular society. Seglin defines ethics as a set of moral issues that are regarded to be righteous (4). Given a narrower perspective, ethics can be considered as an act of doing what the society expects at the right time and in the right manner. However, ethics can be viewed from a wider perspective.

In this regard, it can be viewed as a meta-ethics, normative ethics, applied ethics, moral psychology and descriptive ethics. Whichever way one views ethics from, this is the morality in actions of an individuals or a group of individuals.

The current society is very sensitive on issues that pertain to morals. Many organizations consider ethics as a basic requirement that its members must consider when conducting their daily duties. It is a requisite for any institution that hopes to achieve its set objectives within a set time line.

Ethics in Law and Religion

Ethics cuts across different institutions, each with its own specifications of what it takes to be considered ethical.

Law and ethics may not go hand in hand in most of the cases. What the law may demand of an individual may be considered as unethical to the society. Law may demand that an individual make a confession against a friend or family member, act in line with some demands that may force one to hit back, or such other actions that may result in one being viewed as not considerate to others plight.

In law, ethics is viewed as practices that are in line with legislation of a given country or state. Professionals such as lawyers, doctors, marketers, engineers among others have a code of conduct that is expected of them. This is called professional or legal ethics. As a representative to his or her clients, a lawyer is expected to respect the privacy that may be due to the client.

He or she should be a representative who is trustworthy either financially or otherwise. Ethics in law is of benefit to the professionals and their clients. A lawyer who maintains ethics is likely to attract more clients to his or her firm. The clients will be assured of a standard service, without the fear of fraud from the service provider.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, ethics may not work well in some cases. One may fail to deliver justice if ethics is considered. There may be a case that demands for a punishment that the society considers unethical, but one which delivers justice. Therefore, one may be forced to sacrifice justice for ethics.

Religion refers to a set of beliefs of a given group of people. Ethics in religion may be defined as acting according to the beliefs and practices of a given religion (Badaracco 51). The world is characterized by a variety of religious groups, each with different doctrines. The Muslim religion has a very strict code of conduct expected of the followers of both gender.

This is in regard to dress code and other behavioral factors. Religion, unlike law, emphasizes on doing what society considers right, regardless of its standings in a court of law. The church emphasizes on forgiveness as one of the best form of ethics in society, a fact that may not be the case if law is to be followed.

According to most religions, law is the guide to the society. However, it should not be viewed as a source of oppression to mankind. For this reason therefore, what may be considered as ethical before the law, may be very unethical to a given religion.

Ethics is of benefit to religion. It ensures that a given religious group stays in cohesion, always seeing each other as a brother. However, ethics may be a source of punishment to the believers. What a religious group considers ethical may be oppressive to a section of that religious group.

Works Cited Badaracco, Joseph. Defining Moments: When Managers Must Choose Between the Right and the Right. Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press, 1997. Print.

Seglin, Jeffrey. The Right Thing: Conscious, Profit and Personal Responsibility in Today’s Business. New York: Spiro Press, 2003. Print.

We will write a custom Article on Ethics Between Law and Religion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More


How Bad Pollution is in the Arab World Expository Essay best essay help

Currently, the Arab world materializes to be amongst the fastest growing countries in terms of population. The perceived population growth brings about expenses related to pollution. The commonly observed pollution include air and water pollution.

Environmental pollution in the Arab region result from fuel combustion, draughts, use of pesticides, clinical wastes, improper industrial and households’ waste disposal. These activities negatively impacts on the health of Arab world members.

Water pollution Arab countries face multiple environmental challenges. The scarcity of fresh-clean water has raised many concerns. From Arab future environmental challenge report, Arab countries face desertification, marine pollution and fresh water scarcity which are anticipated to increase due to climate variations. In Arab region, it is estimated that environmental degradation is 5% of the total GDP (Frederiksen 670).

In Arab world, water scarcity proves to be a key dilemma. It is reported that out of the 22 Arab countries, 15 fall under water poverty line. Very few individuals have access to clean water. Besides, the sea level is expected to rise in the next decades by four meters.

This will affect 18,000 kilometers of the total populated Arab coastal region (UN 45). Whilst Arab world apparently does not contribute above 5% to the universal climate change causes, water pollution effects will severely impact on the region. At the end of 21st century, the Arab region surface temperature will rise by 2 to 5.5oC.

Due to improper industrial wastes dumping, excessive application of pesticides and fertilizers, merely 84% of the entire population has access to fresh- clean water. About 21 years ago, the figure was reported to be 80% and the increase might increase the rate of diseases which would lower health and productivity rate. This region also fails to meet the set UNDP clean water target program which is to be realized by 2015. The organic water pollutants emissions are high and are approximated to be 500 metric tons (UNDP 23).

Air pollution Though Arab countries are the major oil producers and exporters in the world, they are also the leased greenhouse emitters in the world. A huge volume of oil produced by the Arab countries are not utilized within but are rather exported to developed countries.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Carbon dioxide emitted from greenhouse causes a rise in world temperature. UNDP report stipulates that greenhouse gases have increased in the atmosphere due to increased fossil fuel usage (p.27). Arab countries are however below the average contributors albeit there is a remarkable rise in their emissions.

UNDP estimate that by 2003, the amount of emissions in the Arab world rose to 1013 metric tons from 586 metric tons in 1990 (p.21). The rise in carbon emissions was attributed to increase in transportation which contributes 90% of the total emissions. As an economy grows, people use un-roadworthy private cars that lead to increased demand for unleaded fuel.

The efforts to moderate unleaded petrol usage are unsuccessful. Some countries introduced unleaded fuel without additives necessary for efficient operation of old engine. According to From New York Times, these types of vehicles are fuel inefficient and thus produce ground ozone with devastating health effect (p.1).

To manage carbon emission in gulf region, transport system must be dealt with. More efficient vehicle engines must be produced such as modern hybrid vehicles that use cleaner fuel. A sensible urban planning that reduces the use of cars while promoting efficient public means to communicate between work, residential and leisure locations ought to be introduced. There is the need to increase thermal energy efficiency utilization via adopting high technological advancement, hydropower source usage alongside other renewable energy.

Works Cited Frederiksen, Harald. “Addressing water crisis in developing countries.” Journal of Environmental Engineering. New Haven: Yale UP, 2005. 667-75. Print.

“Fresh start in the Middle East”. Editorial. The New York Times 5 Mar. 2009. Web.

UN. The Millennium Development Goals in the Arab Region 2005. New York: Longman, 2005. Print.

We will write a custom Essay on How Bad Pollution is in the Arab World specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More UNDP. “Strengthening the rule of law in the Arab States: Project on the modernization of public prosecution offices.” Environmental Crimes in the Arab States, New York: Pearson/Longman, 2009. Print.

——. Making Progress on Environmental Sustainability: Lessons and Recommendations from a Review of over 150 MDG Country Experiences. New York: Longman, 2006. Print.


Similarities in The Sermon on the Mount and The Divine Comedy: Dante’s references to Christ’s Teachings Research Paper college essay help: college essay help

Overview of the Two Works Admittedly, teachings of Christ are the most important conventions for the Christian world. One of his most famous sermons is The Sermon on the Mount. This sermon is provided in Mathew’s Bible. In this sermon, Jesus Christ teaches people to act rightfully. He also refers to the conventions mentioned in Hebrew Bible. Notably, Christ claims that some conventions cannot be rightful.

For example, Jesus Christ notes that people should be patient and forgiving. “Love your enemies,” he says (“The Sermon on the Mount” 1086). Of course, some conventions remain the same.

Thus, Christ claims that people should not try to accumulate wealth (treasures) in their earthly lives as they should think of treasures of heaven. Jesus claims that all earthly treasures will be destroyed by time (“The Sermon on the Mount” 1088). Of course, Jesus states that people cannot serve “two masters”: God and “mammon” (“The Sermon on the Mount” 1088). This is one of the most important conventions to be remembered. Unfortunately, people have broken this rule for centuries.

For example, Dante mentioned this in The Divine Comedy. Admittedly, Dante has been one of the central figures in world literature. He was a genius who managed to address vices and virtues of the society of the fourteenth century (James 1463). Therefore, he could not but address one of the most common vices. Dante wrote about people who tried to obtain as much gold as possible during their earthly lives. Dante encountered such people in hell and in purgatory.

Those people were vicious clergymen, misers, wasters, usurers, grafters, etc. All those sinners had to pay for their earthly life. They had to pay because they forgot that the only treasure could be found in heaven. Interestingly, Dante gave some sinners a chance to purge. Dante described “Purgatorio” which was full of sinners who could reach the gates of St. Peter (Dante 1576). It is also important to mention that Dante depicted “Paradiso” and it was clear what the real treasure was (Dante 1594).

Therefore, it is possible to trace several similarities between Dante’s most renowned work and The Sermon on the Mount. However, it is important to focus on a particular point. Christ teaches that people cannot strive for wealth but they should think more of heavenly treasures, the treasures of their souls. Dante considers this statement in his specific allegorical way.

Punishment for Sinners Misers

It goes without saying that Dante referred to Biblical books when writing his work. Of course, he took into account The Sermon on the Mount where the most famous teachings were provided. Dante paid special attention to Christ’s teachings concerning gold. Dante placed shades of misers in his hell. He allegorically illustrated Christ’s teaching. Thus, shades of those wretched souls had to roll weights with their chests (Dante 1473). Dante created an illustrative allegory.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He depicted souls of misers who tried to obtain as much gold as possible during their lifetime. The weight of their earthly treasures could not let them go to heaven. Admittedly, it is simply impossible to reach the sky with such a heavy burden. Therefore, they were punished for their sins. Dante decided to make the sinners ‘feel’ their mistake. The misers had to feel the burden of their earthly treasures. More so, the souls had to compete.

There was a race. Dante depicted the race which was similar to the earthly one. People would always try to have more treasures than other people do. The competition never ended for sinners. At least in Dante’s hell, the sinners had to compete wearing their heavy burdens. Interestingly, Dante stressed that clergymen often sinned just like any other people. Irrespective of their ‘service’ to God, they were still punished in accordance with the great rules.


Dante depicted one more group of sinners. Those people were preoccupied with gold more than with their souls’ treasures. Those were usurers. The punishment was quite harsh. The hell flames and “burning sands” caused a lot of sufferings to those shades who were sitting near “empty space” (Dante 1482). Again, the punishment was very symbolic.

The usurers lent money and took money from different people. They caused a lot of sorrows for many people during their lifetime. What is more, they ruined their own souls. The usurers ignored one of Christ’s teachings concerning gold. Despite the fact that Christ taught that people could not serve mammon, the usurers served that ‘deity’.

The usurer forgot about treasures of their souls and they had to pay for that in hell. It is quite interesting to note that Dante provided a name of a noble man who also lent money. Again, Dante stressed that all people (peasants or noblemen (or even clergymen)), would be punished for their sins after their death.


One of the most interesting categories depicted by Dante can be also a good illustration of Christ’s teachings. Dante introduced such group of people as Simoniacs, i.e. people who tried to “adulterate” holy things into “gold and silver” (Dante 1484). These people also forgot The Sermon on the Mount as they tried to serve two masters.

They tried to buy holy things. They thought that they could buy their ‘ticket’ to heaven. Those people wanted to pass St. Peter’s gates as if they were saints and holy people. Of course, Dante made up a symbolic punishment for them as well. Thus, the great author depicted their sufferings in detail. Those wretched souls had to remain motionless while their feet were burning. Dante decided to make their feet burn to show that no sinner could tread in heaven.

We will write a custom Research Paper on Similarities in The Sermon on the Mount and The Divine Comedy: Dante’s references to Christ’s Teachings specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Grafters

Finally, Dante depicted one more group of sinners who praised gold more than their souls’ treasures. Grafters who would “change no to yes for cash” were also punished in hell (Dante 1486). Those people had very sinful lives. They did not care about their life after death.

They wanted to get as much gold as possible. It goes without saying that those people could never pass St. Peter’s gate. They had to dive in sticky waters of flames in hell. They wanted to be surrounded by treasures during their earthly lives, but instead they were surrounded by flames of hell. They did not follow Christ’s rules of rightful behavior. They were preoccupied with earthly treasures. That is why Dante placed them in his hell.

Purgatorio and Paradiso Interestingly, Dante described a place where sinners could purge (Dante 1501). They could atone for their sins. Dante described all the major sins mentioned in Inferno. Notably, the author did not simply provided examples of sins. He considered the nature of the sin. He also mentioned some motives. Admittedly, this part is also quite illustrative.

It also refers to The Sermon on the Mount. Dante did not only reveal the punishment for sinners. He also claimed that people could still rethink their behavior. It was never late to start thinking of treasures of heaven. More so, Christ said that people could be forgiven (even if they sinned). Therefore, even those who only thought of earthly wealth could atone for their sinful actions. Of course, it was important to start a new better life. Dante gave people hope to save their souls.

Finally, Dante also portrayed paradise. He revealed the beauty of paradise and real treasures of heavenly life (Dante 1535). This part of The Divine Comedy should be regarded as an allegorical illustration of The Sermon on the Mount. Christ was talking about treasures of heaven.

Dante depicted the life of righteous people. Admittedly, peaceful life of joy is the greatest treasure. Dante mentioned people who led rightful lives. Their rightful lives continued in heaven. Admittedly, the description of paradise could be regarded as a great stimulus to act in a rightful way. Dante showed what the real treasure was.

Dante’s illustrations Therefore, it is possible to find several allegorical illustrations for The Sermon on the Mount in The Divine Comedy. Of course, it was hardly Dante’s aim to illustrate the sermon. Nonetheless, he managed to create really exact examples of what Christ was talking in his teachings.

Dante paid a lot of attention to people’s greediness, their chase for earthly treasures. It is possible to state that this is one of the central themes in Dante’s work. He stressed that people had to act rightfully; otherwise they would be punished after their death. Therefore, Dante portrayed sufferings of sinful people, people who cherished gold.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Similarities in The Sermon on the Mount and The Divine Comedy: Dante’s references to Christ’s Teachings by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is worse mentioning that the author depicted fair punishment. He ‘punished’ people to make them understand their guilt. Thus, those who took and lent money had to expose their hands to flames. Those who spent their lives in chase for earthly treasures had to race with other sinners carrying their burdens.

The guilt of each person was obvious. Each sinner could remember about his sins when suffering in hell. The sinners could never forget what they did wrong as their punishment was the best reminder. Notably, the majority of the sinners depicted admitted that their earthly treasures were not worth all those sufferings they had to endure.

The major similarities To sum up, it is possible to claim that The Sermon on the Mount and The Divine Comedy has quite many similarities as Dante used Christ’s teachings in his work. It is also possible to note that Dante pays special attention to people’s chase for gold and earthly welfare. Christ also mentions that people should think of treasures of heavenly life. He claims that people cannot serve two masters (God and gold). Dante places such sinners into several circles of his hell.

He also puts them in his purgatory. Of course, Dante also describes other sinners and their sins. However, the shades that are punished for their love for gold and other earthly treasures are really numerous. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that Dante’s work suggests that thinking of earthly life rather than preparing for heavenly life is one of the deadliest sins. This idea can be also traced in The Sermon on the Mount.

Works Cited James, Heather, et al. “Dante Alighieri.” The Norton Anthology- Western Literature. Volume 1. Ed. Heather James, et al. New York, NY: W. W. Norton


Modern Approaches to Creating of the Artwork Essay online essay help: online essay help

The world around us is constantly changing. It is really unique in its beauty. Every aspect of our reality can arouse certain emotions and feelings. The variety of our emotions and variants of their expression is great. Artists have a wonderful opportunity to express all their passions and feelings with the help of depicting and demonstrating them in different works of art.

Today the possibilities of artists and designers in illustrating of the peculiarities of their inner world and feelings are almost limitless. There are a lot of artists who choose extraordinary approaches to realize their original intentions and to draw the public’s attention to their works. Modern tendencies in the development of art result in wide using of media, visual, computer and interactive technologies for creating of the art masterpieces.

Jonathan Harris, Sep Kamvar, Miwa Matreyek, Toni Dove, Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz work in various styles, and they use different technologies and varied approaches to creating of their unique installations. However, all of them are masters of expressing of their certain feelings and of appealing to the audience’s emotional reaction.

What aspect of our inner world can help us be unique personalities? It is our dreams. Toni Dove with the help of her Artificial Changelings created the world of illusions in which dreamers can experience themselves in the company of two interesting women and can learn their thoughts and dreams. Artificial Changelings project is “a romance thriller about shopping” which is presented in the form of the installation “in which one person at a time uses body movement to interact with sound and images” (“Artificial Changelings”).

The technological peculiarities of the installation are characterized by the fact that the author uses a projection screen and a room with four specific zones for producing of the effect of interacting with the characters of the film (“Artificial Changelings”). “As an audience member you step into a pool of light in front of the screen and enter the interactive zones” (“Artificial Changelings”). All these possibilities became available for the viewers after the author’s introducing of these two women.

Arathusa and Zilith live in different centuries, but they can be considered as similar in their characters and aspirations and even as one person embodied in different periods of time. Arathusa lives in Paris of the 19th century, and she is portrayed as “a kleptomaniac and an ecstatic dreamer who suffers the constraints of Victorian society” (“Artificial Changelings”). She also dreams about Zilith, a woman of the future.

Their worlds are full of romantic feelings and emotions, and they are passionate in their relations with men and relations with the things which can be stolen. Viewers of the ‘thriller’ became the participants of this highly affecting story when they move. “Within the zones movement causes changes in the behavior of video and sound” (“Artificial Changelings”).

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, viewers have the opportunity to interact with the images in their futuristic world and to identify their emotions and passions. “The characters become like marionettes with unpredictable reactions based on the movement of the viewer in front of the screen” (“Artificial Changelings”).

It is interesting that the main idea of Artificial Changelings is depicting of the phenomenon of “how consumer economy from the Industrial Revolution to the present” can influence the public’s minds (“Artificial Changelings”).

Artificial Changelings project gives a chance to act in the virtual interactive reality and to move “back and forth between two centuries as if they were parallel realities suspended in the universe where time has no linear direction” (“Artificial Changelings”). Artificial Changelings project is the part of the author’s imaginative trilogy in which the viewers can be easily involved.

The public’s reactions to the artists’ work and their responsiveness are necessary for the authors who develop their objects in order to get a certain response. They need to see and feel the audience’s reactions and emotions. Moreover, artists have the opportunity to unite viewers and to present them the chance to look inside the artwork and also to feel each other as co-authors who can successfully participate in its creating.

If Toni Dove offered the prospect to interact with the characters of her installation, Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz allowed the viewers to create the installation with the help of their real communication, interaction and emotional interchange between those people who lived in Los Angeles and New York in 1980.

“Hole in Space is described by its creators as a Public Communication Sculpture” (“Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz”). Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz had the idea to organize spontaneous communication between people in Los Angeles and New York who could happen to take part in the project. They could see each other and to interact during three evenings for 2 hours. It was possible because of using of specific TV transmission technology.

The further results of the project were given in the form of a documentary film and presented on two large screens in which the participants of the process of communication in the project were shown. This installation was first exposed at The Long Beach Museum of Art in 1980 (“Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz”).

We will write a custom Essay on Modern Approaches to Creating of the Artwork specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Thus, the possibilities of creating of this art object with using of media and TV transmission technologies can be considered as wider than those of any interactive technology. However, the results of this project do not give the opportunity to participate in it immediately, while examining it by the viewers.

Nevertheless, the concept of the installation can be described as the intention to depict the necessity of real communication between those people who can live in different nooks of the country. “It was important to the artists that the work was not announced through the art press; they wanted an unexpected audience of passers-by” (Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz).

The work by Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz involved the audience in the process of creating it and then presented the results of the project in order to get the responses and reactions. Thus, it is possible to say that the audience’s emotions and feelings were drawn in the project twice. In contrast, Miwa Matreyek prefers to produce solo performances and installations with the help of which she can see the public’s reaction to her personal involvement into the presentation of the work.

Miwa Matreyek uses the interactive possibilities of multimedia technologies. Dream of Lucid Living is a unique installation which presents the definite features of a solo performance. “This piece is executed with computer generated images projected on a screen with the addition of Matreyek acting out scenes behind a screen that produces her shadow to be incorporated with the digital animations” (Jethoo).

Thus, Matreyek uses multimedia and computer technologies in order to reflect a special fantastical world in which images are connected with animations, and in which she incorporates herself physically (Jethoo).

Miwa Matreyek demonstrates her own vision of the reality combining it with peculiar shadow images and animation. However, the effect of poetic illusion is removed by Matreyek’s personal participating in the performance.

Thus, the installation also has the theatrical features. “It is remarkable how precise her body movements are with the images on screen; how each action made corresponds with the animations” (Jethoo). This show combines music, videos, animations and acting in the whole one which can exist and act as a inimitable world with the help of multimedia technologies and effects.

However, real feelings and emotions are presented with the help of the author’s acting. Moreover, the main peculiarity of this kind of installation is in the fact that Miwa Matreyek has the opportunity to observe the viewers’ reaction immediately. Thus, the contact of the author and the audience is direct, and this fact distinguishes this type of installations among the others which are based on the interactive communication or immediate communication between the author and his audience.

Not sure if you can write a paper on Modern Approaches to Creating of the Artwork by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In We Feel Fine Jonathan Harris and Sep Kamvar offered their own vision of the possibility of the relations between the artist and his viewer. We Feel Fine is an extremely unique art project which involved a lot of people in its working out even without their awareness of the fact. Moreover, the results of the artwork concentrate on the people’s emotions, as we can see it from the name of the project, and it also appeals to the audience’s certain reaction.

We Feel Fine is an astonishing work which combines the possibilities of using of the Internet databases and their analyzing and the possibilities of the online project. Moreover, the results can be presented in the form of special illustrations, graphs and tables given in the printed book. Thus, We Feel Fine can be considered as a dynamic interactive project and as a great static artwork by Jonathan Harris and Sep Kamvar (Sample).

In 2006 Jonathan Harris, a media artist, and Sep Kamvar, a computer scientist, worked out the program which could make the research in thousands of blogs and determine definite blog posts and then collect the sentences with such phrases as ‘I feel’ and ‘I am feeling’.

The results of the research of different kinds of expressions of people’s emotions were realized in the form of “the multifaceted interface that has six so-called “movements” – six ways of visualizing the data collected by We Feel Fine’s crawler” (Sample).

All the sentences were organized in colorful circles and squares depending on the character of the information which they contained. The site which was created by Jonathan Harris and Sep Kamvar became the real sensation in the world of the modern art because of its creativity and artistic significance.

This great work was also presented in the book version in 2009. Jonathan Harris and Sep Kamvar examined real emotions of people which they expressed in a number of blogs every day, and which reflected the real situation in the society. These peculiarities of the inner world of the people were depicted in their own words.

That is why the audience had the opportunity to participate in creating of the project and to react to its everyday results. Thus, the method of visualization is presented in the project with the help of modern computer technologies. That is why the message of the work can be considered as depicting of people’s emotions which they feel every day and their further visual presenting.

Modern artists use quite unique techniques and different interactive and multimedia technologies to involve their audience in the imaginative world of their artworks. Their approaches are various, but their main intentions are to attract the public’s attention to their works to receive the emotional feedback.

Works Cited “Artificial Changelings”. n.d. Web.

Jethoo, Deevanie. “Miwa Matreyek: Dream of Lucid Living”. n.d. Web.

“Kit Galloway and Sherrie Rabinowitz”. n.d. Web.

Sample, Mark. “The Poetics of Metadata and the Potential of Paradata”. 22 March 2011. Web.


Augean Plc Report college admission essay help

Table of Contents The company summary

Augean management structure

Macro-environment analysis using PEST

Political factors

Economic factors

Social factors

Technological factors



The company summary Augean plc is a United Kingdom based limited company specialising in waste and resource management. The company was founded in 2004 and registered under the Public Limited Company Act in the same year to become a fully fledged public company. The firm was originally formed to act as an acquisition company to buy and develop entreprises in the UK waste based sector.

The firm later developed into a renowned corporation that undertakes production, processing and management of waste resources when it was registered as a public limited liability company. The business concentrates in providing wide-ranging services particularly to the hazardous waste area. The corporation management service area covers a complete solution to the ultimate dumping of the most unsafe and problematic waste streams (Augean plc, 2010, p.1).

Augean management structure Chief Executive Officer Augean management structure is divided into a two tier hierarchy. Basically, the board of directors is elected by the shareholders of the company and the senior management team are appointed or elected by the board of directors.

The role of the board of directors is to manage the daily operations of the company. In essence, the directors ensure that the interest of the shareholders is well served (Schell, 1999, p.550). Augean operates through a management team that consists of seven board members or directors as shown in the diagram below.

The senior management team comprises of the chief executive who is the senior most board member and deputised by the group finance director, sales director, technical director, development director, project director and the operations director. Each of these directors has their executive management teams appointed by each director.

The executive management teams have the responsibility of implementing and evaluating the business strategies as approved by the senior directors, and undertakes core corporate activities and projects (Jelinek, 2010, p.116). Besides, they help provide the internal prospective for the board members. For instance, under the operations director is the chief operation officer (COO) whose mandate encompasses all the operations in the company.

The officer looks after sales, production, marketing and personnel. In other words, the officer looks after the daily activities and reports to the operations director (Fritz, 1996, p.274). Further, under the chief finance director is the finance manager whose main role is to revise and analyse the financial data, prepare budgets, report the company financial performance as well as monitor income and expenditure. Usually the financial manager routinely monitors the financial health and integrity of the corporation.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Macro-environment analysis using PEST Numerous macro-environment factors that affect the daily operations of the business do exist. Indeed these factors not only affect the business operations but also the decisions that are made by the managers. The macro-environmental factors are external to the organisations and in most cases the organisation has little influence over them (Berger, 2011, p.2). These factors include constant tax changes, barriers in trade, legal provisions, demographic changes and the government policy.

Augean is operating in environment that is very competitive and highly regulated with several legislations determining its operations. The waste sector is very volatile and sensitive to the environmental factors and changes that are continuously experienced globally (Augean plc, 2010, p.4).

That means the company must work and collaborate with the external environment to achieve its goals. For instance, the communities that particularly live around its sites, the employees who risk their lives to ensure it delivers on its duties and environmental lobbies that must ensure safety standards are met (Hedemann-Robinson, 2007, p.543).

Political factors Political factors refer to the government policies and how they determine the business environment. Economic policies that include both fiscal and monetary policies that have been put in place to regulate economic production are amongst the political factors that affect the businesses.

Moreover, the type of services the government offers to the businesses, how the government intends to subsidise the businesses and the government priorities in supporting the businesses are all examples of political factors (Koontz


Strategic Recommendation for AOL Time Warner Report essay help free: essay help free

AOL Time Warner represents two industries; this organization is an Internet service provider (ISP) and media company at the same time. It is possible to apply Porter’s model of Five Forces to this organization. First, the threat of new entrants is quite significant, especially if we take into account the growing number of small ISPs in the US and Europe.

On the other hand, as a media company, AOL Time Warner operates in a very consolidated industry in which start-up costs are very high. So, from this point of view, the threat of new entrants is low. The second issue is the bargaining power of customers. Overall, it is very strong because the ISP market is full of various companies trying to create new offerings to the clients. These companies can compete in terms of price and variety of services.

The third aspect is the threat of substitute products. The management of this organization should pay its attention free ISPs which offer customers access to such resources like chat rooms, newsgroups, and so forth. However, this threat is not significant. In turn, media products offered by AOL Time Warner can hardly be substituted because they are highly differentiated.

It is also important to discuss the bargaining power of suppliers, namely music recording companies, film studios, magazines, newspapers, etc. One can argue that their power is quite limited because many of them are incorporated into the structure of AOL Time Warner.

The final aspect of Porter’s Model is the intensity of competition. As it has been said before, there are two types of rivals, Internet service providers and media companies. These organizations attempt to gain advantage by means of price differentiation and innovation. Overall, competition in these two industries is very intense.

Among the main strengths of AOL Time Warner one can single out a large base of subscribers and potential customers, international media presence of this organization, and most importantly, the diversity of multimedia products that they can market to the customers. For instance, they can offer music, television programs, films, press, and so forth.

Yet, this merger also has some significant weaknesses, namely the differences between organizational cultures of two companies as well as leadership styles. Besides, the size of this company can make it very difficult for them to react quickly to the changes in the industry and economy. In order to establish a new culture that can fit both AOL and Time Warner, the management will have to spend years. Additionally, we need to speak about the opportunities that AOL Time Warner has.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, it is possible to mention the increasing popularity of online subscriptions to magazines or other type of media and growing number of Internet users throughout the world. There are also some threats which cannot be overlooked, namely the increasing number of free Internet service providers (ISP). Yet, the most significant problem is the absence of mechanisms which can protect media content on the Internet.

At this point, the management of this organization has to develop methods of marketing their products to the subscribers. The main problem is that modern Internet users have an opportunity for content-sharing and it is rather difficult to prohibit such practices. To resolve this issue the company should take several steps.

First, they need to create a single platform that will allow the subscribers to purchase media products of AOL Time Warner at a reasonable price. To some extent, this platform may resemble a Web-based store that will sell music, films, television programs, magazines, and so forth. The second step is to make sure that there is no illegal distribution of these products on the Internet. This strategy will result in significant marketing costs, but it will also ensure a constant source of revenue for this corporation.


The 19th Century Civilization of East Asia: How its Strengths became Liabilities in the Face of Western Challenge Essay college admissions essay help

One of the greatest mysteries of world history is Western European countries’ namely Spain, Portugal, England and France’s ability to dominate the richer, more powerful and more advanced East Asian countries during the 19th and early 20th century. The question remains on whatever happened that resulted into such occurrences.

This paper aims to present a detailed analysis of the East Asian civilization, citing Japan as the primary example, its conditions and fundamental strengths during the 19th and early beginnings of the 20th century. These advantages will be examined as to how they became liabilities and obstacles in East Asia’s responses to Western advancements and challenges.

Throughout history, the Asian continents were popularly known for its abundance in natural resources and military power. Foreigners from the west often travelled to the east especially to Asian countries to engage in the barter of goods and services. The primary reason for European nations in the previous centuries for colonizing Asian countries was that they wanted to gain access to raw materials such as food, spices and minerals to sustain the conditions of western cities and civilization.

During the 19th century the Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Holy Roman and Mughal kingdoms collapsed giving way to the growing influence of the British, German, American and Japanese empires. The new set of new empires spurred military conflicts, but at the same time advancements in science and technology and the widespread of the idea of exploration became prominent during the 19th century.

Europe flourished during this time with the British Empire becoming a superpower, controlling the massive amount of the world’s population and owning one-fifth of the total land area. The era of invention and discovery, the 19th century contributed to the significant developments in different fields of studies namely mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, electricity and metallurgy.

Through the improvements of education and its systems during the 19th century, technological advancements and science in general in the 20th century was produced. The Industrial Revolution begun in Europe later spreading to Asia when the Japanese saw the rapid growth in the west they also implemented modernization policies during the Meiji Restoration era so as not to be left behind. Population grew swiftly during the industrial revolution with innovations and discoveries in medicine.

The knowledge of the human anatomy, which paved way to practices in disease prevention contributed to the massive growth of Europe’s population. Technological advancements in land transportation changed the way people lived and obtained goods with the introduction of railroads which also lead urbanization movements globally.

Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The industrialization of the west saw the shift of power in world history with western culture and civilization becoming prominently known as superior to those in the east. Although East Asia was richer, more powerful and more advanced than Europe in the previous centuries namely during the 15th century, the course of power changed during the 19th century when the west industrialized.

Examining the western culture it is worth noting that with religious beliefs such as Catholicism and Protestantism and the growing popularity and practice of democracy and free trade in the political and economic realm gave way to revolutionary thinkers that spearhead the industrial revolution of European countries. Europe’s situation on being dependent of the east’s raw material led to creative and innovative thinking from noble people of different classes.

The abolition of slavery and the constant promotion of free will and free speech gave rise to radical ideas constituting of scientists, philosophers, physicians and novelist who gave the population of Europe technological advancements and inspiration for innovative thinking.

In contracts, East Asia, with its stable source of raw materials and strong military discipline became stubborn to new changes. Japan, for example, during the first half of the 19th century was in its Edo period where shoguns of the Tokugawa family ruled the country. During this era Japan closed its doors to the world by limiting its interactions with the west.

Foreigners are only permitted to visit the Japanese territory for commercial purposes only and were restricted to the Dejima port in Nagasaki. European merchants and travellers who land on Japanese shores were killed without trial. Also during this time the shogunate perceived Catholic Christianity as a destabilizing factor thus Catholicism was persecuted. Although during the early part of the Tokugawa era Japan flourished economically and politically it became stable with the nation unified.

The limited interaction of Japan to the world contributed to it being left behind in terms of technological advancement and sciences and eventually the shogunate rule fell apart with the occurrence of natural disasters, famine and uprisings against officials in the 19th century. Advisers of the shogunate era relied on traditional solutions in addressing problems of the country.

Solutions concluded were stricter restrictions of foreign trade, rangaku practice must be suppressed, literatures must be censored and luxury goods and services should be eliminated in the government and samurai classes. The Tokugawa shogunate’s policy in isolating Japan from the rest of the world was aimed to remove all colonial and religious influenced by western countries such as Spain and Portugal. They perceived western influence as a threat to the peace and stability of the archipelago.

We will write a custom Essay on The 19th Century Civilization of East Asia: How its Strengths became Liabilities in the Face of Western Challenge specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The leaders of Japan were alert in this sense because of fear that their land will be under the control of westerners. The suppression of the rangaku, which served as Japanese knowledge of western scientific and technological revolution in machinery, military and medicine slowed down Japanese the modernization during the Meiji restoration period after the Tokugawa era.

Upon the collapse of the Tokugawa rule in 1867, the Japanese opted to modify its political and economic system with the country’s opening to foreign trade. The rangaku served in helping the country build a theoretical and technological scientific base for industrialization and modernization. The Meiji restoration occurred with Japanese knowledge of being behind from the rest of the world.

Upon the arrival of Matthew Perry in the bay of Edo the Japanese realized they were weak in the presence of westerners when they saw the American warships. Europe was more powerful than East Asia, namely Japan during the 19th and early 20th century despite the latter being richer, more powerful and more advance in the earlier centuries because Japan in its nationalistic approach to protect itself from foreign invasion and colonization closed its doors to the world.

It prohibited information and influences from the west in entering Japanese soil thus it lagged behind in terms of technology innovation and sciences. The Tokugawa era eradicated Christianity and prohibited Japanese nationals from travelling outside the country at the same time restricted foreign visits to Nagasaki for commercial purposes only. The Japanese closed-door policy from foreigners contributed to the challenges faced by East Asian countries towards western power in the 19th and early 20th century.