Table of Contents Introduction
Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Current System
Strengths of the Current System
Limitations of the Current System
Introduction Information systems should try to balance between functionality, reliability, portability, performance, usability and maintainability for them to address the needs of their users. However, Piercy (2004) points that it is important to remember that there is no perfect system since future needs of the user groups keep on changing in addition to technological changes.
Nonetheless, a good system must address different demands and needs of its users in the present times and foreseeable future to have a balanced solution. Therefore, this paper seeks to evaluate the current system used by SGA in order to determine whether it is contributing to the intended outcomes of its user group. Thereafter, it makes some recommendations for the replacement of the system.
Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Current System The current system has several attributes that makes it effective in its management of information. One of the core aspects that make the current system to be effective is its accuracy in its work performance. For that matter, the system is acknowledged to be effective since it is capable of processing data accurately which is most important in decision making for all stakeholders of SGA. Decisions are made based on accurate information and this has steered the institution to the right direction.
Furthermore, consistency is another attribute that is associated with the current students’ management information system. The system is able to produce uniform and consistent information in all levels of the institution which is key in decision making process as conclusions drawn from every level is consistent.
Nonetheless, the system ensures completeness of information in its information processing. For instance, the system applies validation technique that ensures that all required data is entered before processing moves to the next stage. In addition, this validation ensures only required data is entered. For example, in inputting information that relates to digits, the system does not allow entering of alphabetical letters. This makes sure that complete and right information are given hence making information processed to be complete and reliable.
Moreover, it is also imperative to acknowledge that the current system used by SGA is reliable in terms of performance. It is able to perform tasks quickly serve the needs of its users. For instance, grading of students can be done simultaneously in a short period of time which is opposed to the old manual system that used to take several days before marks could be computed for grading.
Strengths of the Current System Strengths of the current system are drawn from its properties that make it more effective and reliable. Nonetheless, the most important strength of the current information system of SGA is that it has a comprehensive aspect that encompasses most administration aspect of the institution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, it has functionalities that manage student registration, creation of time table, measurement of students’ performance, students’ attendance record, management of clubs and societies. This is a big strength in this current system since other systems may not incorporate most of these aspects in one whole.
In addition, the current system is compatible to most platforms irrespective of their vendors. For instance, it is able to perform and operate on different operating systems such as Microsoft families, Linux families and Macintosh platforms. This gives SGA a lee way to choose to operate on any of the platform as the system can still operate effectively.
Limitations of the Current System Notably, there is no single system that can be described as perfect in its design and functionality (Effy, 2009). Therefore, as any other information management system, the current system used by SGA comprises of several limitations that needs to be addressed in order to have relative good and balanced information system that can serve the current and foreseeable needs of the institution.
To begin with one of the major limitations that are noted from the current system is its security loopholes. The security issues expose the system to integrity related issues as system accessibility is exposed to unauthorized users who can compromise data its integrity. For instance, the system lacks a secure login feature which makes it vulnerable to accessibility by unwarranted people who may compromise integrity of data stored.
Moreover, the system lacks calendar feature. It is important to note calendar in school activities is quite important since every activity needs to be scheduled using this feature. This is a big limitation on part of the current system. Therefore, it makes it inefficient in addressing some of the needs of its users.
In addition, in the current times where web 2.0 technologies are changing the way organizational business are conducted, any organizational system need to appreciate this technologies. Therefore, it is a limitation that the current system lacks messaging capabilities which can be used to communicate with the students.
Furthermore, it is noted from the analysis of the system that it does not support web based access of information using a browser. For that matter, it makes it difficult to integrate the current system which internet services which are too useful in the entire management and communication of students’ information.
We will write a custom Report on Information Managing System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Recommendations In respect to the limitations noted in the analysis of the current system, the papers proposes several recommendations that should be undertaken in order to improve management of students information by SGA.
Firstly, it recommends that the current system needs a replacement since it does not support the needs of SGA fully. In the design and development of the new system therefore, several feature need to be taken into account in order to have a system that address user needs. To begin with, the new system must have functionalities that generate reports and be able to manage users’ roles, instructors, courses and facilities.
Moreover, calendar functionality must be prioritized in the new system to help scheduling of activities. In addition, messaging and notification functionality must be incorporated in the new system to ensure easier communication with students. Furthermore, it will be imperative that new system encompass assessment and testing of students and enable displaying of result scores and produce transcripts.
In addition, the new system needs to incorporate a functionality that handles grading of coursework and roster processing. Moreover, web based course delivery functionality should also be part of the new system to be able to address different user needs.
References Effy, O.(2009) Management Information Systems. London: Cengage Learning, Inc.
Piercy, N. (2004) Management Information System: The Technology Challenge. London: Croom Helm Ltd.
Product Proliferation Qualitative Research Essay essay help: essay help
Product proliferation refers to a situation that arises when a specific organization markets almost similar products but introduces slight variations to increase its market share (Berman, 2010). These products are only differentiated through aspects like color, shape and product size. Product proliferation has both positive and negative effects with regard to the market.
One of the strategies employed by companies that adopt product proliferation is a broad product line, which is perceived to translate to increased overall demand. Secondly, an extensive product line in relation to supply has been known to affect the market through increased costs. Lastly, an extended product line, especially by large scale manufacturers, mostly deters other players from joining the market. This will translate to increased prices by the incumbent firm (Barnett and Freeman, 2001).
Although there is no clear-cut study that has been done to assess the three aspects given above empirically, it is crucial to mention that it has been suggested from previous studies that product proliferation strategies have no uni-dimensional explanation in relation to decision making as product proliferation has an impact on both demand (market share) and supply (price).
The market outcome is determined in terms of product proliferation by competitive structural factors that influence product line decisions in a firm (Bayus, 1999). Product proliferation is used as a means to curb rivalry within an industry as competition is based on product differentiation rather than price.
Product proliferation facilitates competitiveness, which is based on perceived uniqueness of the product, quality and lastly performance of the product. Some critiques argue that product proliferation has led to wastage of resources as it works well when there is a boom in the market. When a recession hits, even powerful companies experience major stability problems. This is directly linked to excessive investment costs.
Most car makers churn out various models of vehicles, a practice that has led to immense competition between car makers. This has translated to increased demand for iron and aluminum which are the raw materials for the automobile manufacturing industry. To reduce cannibalization of these products, there is a need to intuitively target the changing customer needs by building a full contact through watching and questioning those creative market segment.
The other aspect of minimizing cannibalization of products is by coming up with ways of out-innovating other competitors by expanding the product line.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This comes in the way manufacturers plan their innovation to incrementally change to capitalize maximally on previous developments and modern ones to absorb common parts and other components that would otherwise go to waste. The other means through which cannibalization of products by product proliferation can be reduced is by critically adopting the continuous improvement approach.
Many traditional industries are known to instinctively operate within quad rum of pure quality concerning cost model, where any slight modification in design, quality or even features will translate into increased prices. Most prestigious car manufacturers have adopted this model of trade-off curve like BMW and Mercedes-Benz brands. In more than one way, product proliferation leads to wastage of economic resources
Product proliferation has gained momentum with the rise of a middle-class section of the population, which is the main proponent of consumerism. This middle-class mentality is centered on getting custom-designed products that are affordable and act as a source of prestige. This is worsened by established businesses which have a culture of demanding for private brands or labels which are mostly put in display and promotional packs.
This has been made easy by the rise of globalization where products must adhere to specific requirements such as labels that are translated in different languages. Other negative aspects arise with product proliferation. For instance, due to its dynamism, it is practically impossible to manage product proliferation. In recent times, most of the large scale manufacturers have resulted in pruning their products rather than coming up with new ones.
What this means to those manufacturers coming into the market is that they cannot compete as the veteran companies will determine the prices of products that are offered in a particular industry. This is made complex by the unpredictable change of the landscape of consumer demands. As new consumer demand rise so will the companies attempt to meet these demands and maintain the existing market share.
Measures Associated With Product Proliferation Capacity Control
Capacity control emanates from industry players producing too much output to caution against making tremendous losses, and manufacturers result from cutting on prices. Other players respond similarly and reduce their prices causing a price war.
Although excessive production may result from too much output from manufacturers other factors like a shortfall in demand due to a recession may also cause excessive output in the market. Paradoxically, the effort of each industry players to outperform the other results in overcapacity which bites them all.
We will write a custom Essay on Product Proliferation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Design as a Strategy
Design as a strategy has been adopted as a means towards enhancing product proliferation in a market; one of the latest companies to take this strategy is Thomson Consumer Electronics (TCE). The company is a manufacturer of different brands of TV sets. As noted by Aguirregabiria and Mira, (2007), design as a strategy entails aspects such as the product’s feel, look, touch, and ergonomics.
For many manufacturers, the design is not merely cosmetics add-ons, but a corporate identity that separates them from other manufacturers. A company’s product design is synonymous with the quality of the product. The design has been used by various companies like house furnishing where it acts as the company label or the brand. Design goes beyond styling. It conveys quality and also improves margins.
There are various enhancements that design puts on a product. One is the aesthetic quality which causes appeal of a product; the design also increases the safety of a product making it pleasing to touch and use. Thirdly, the design ensures a product is easy to operate, clean, handle and install. The most crucial aspect of the design is that it should be economical to manufacture and also recycle (Aguirregabiria and Mira, 2007).
Innovation as a Strategy
Innovation serves as the basis for product proliferation as it curves a niche for a company and places it as a guru in industrial breakthrough.
Some of the companies that have come up with unique innovations in recent times include companies such as Apple which came up with the icon-based personal computer; Michelin came up with its radial tire, Pilkington which also came up with the floating glass process. All these innovations have placed their companies in great heights. Innovation as a strategy is challenging to maintain and thus very risky. Most companies see innovation as not a sustainable competitive strategy.
This has translated to increased product proliferation as there are no new products, but the only modification of the previous inventions. It is critical to mention that the period sustained by new design roughly translates to how fruitful one’s venture will be in the form of profit as the market becomes an oligopoly. This consistency of being always on the lead ensures a loyal customer base.
Innovation in product proliferation takes two distinctive approaches, either by nature and trust, where innovation trickles from management downwards, or it may be characterized by innovation rising from bottom-up. The bottom-up approach originates from the workers, and their suggestions are passed through the organizational hierarchy to the management.
This approach has been hailed by Bayus and Putsis (1999) as it promotes ownership of the innovation which further translates to success as far as market penetration and future product success is concerned. This means that innovation is spontaneous throughout the organization.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Product Proliferation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Service as a Strategy
Lastly, in product proliferation, service as a strategy translates to how much a company will succeed than the other. Most manufacturers do not consider service as being important. Generally, it is the product that receives much attention since it’s a source of competitive advantage.
Service, on the other hand, is seen as a necessity that is incurred, rather than an added value. In product proliferation, there is an immense need to have an efficient and sufficient service delivery since there are various similar products in the offing. It is estimated that companies lose 15-20% of their customers on an annual basis.
Now for a market that is oversupplied, there is a need to keep a strong customer base, and this can only be achieved through customer satisfaction. Swift and effective handling of complains and inquiries together with friendly customer approach will always keep customers coming back.
Reference List Aguirregabiria, V. and Mira, P. 2007. Sequential Estimation of Dynamic Discrete Games. Econometrica, 75 (1) Pp.1–53. Web.
Barnett, W., P., and Freeman, J. 2001. Too Much of a Good Thing? Product Proliferation and Organizational Failure. Organization Science. 12(5). Pp. 539-558. Web.
Bayus, B., L., and Putsis, W., P. 1999. Product Proliferation: An Empirical Analysis of Product Line Determinants and Market Outcomes. Marketing Science. 18(2) Pp. 137–153. Web.
Berman, B. 2010. Products, Products Everywhere: Do companies really need to sell so many varieties of similar goods? No. Wall Street Journal. Issue. Web.
The Use of the Cell Phone While Driving Essay cheap essay help
Popular culture is the sum of a society’s actions, beliefs, traditions, and other such similar engagements that define a given society and its people. Although sometimes is described as an expression of the people occupying the lower classes of a society, as opposed to those occupying the higher classes, popular culture effectively encompasses a society’s wholesome activities and expressions.
Since the turn of the 21st century, the use of cell phones has increased tremendously all over the world, and more specifically in the United States. Unfortunately, the use of the cell phone while driving has also increased, posing a danger both for the driver and other road users.
Currently, the use of cell phones for reading or writing text messages while driving causes a significant number of road accidents in the US, leaving victims emotionally traumatised, maimed and even dead. Insurance claims arising, and healthcare needs for these victims puts unnecessary and avoidable strain on the economy. Currently, nearly half of the states in the US have passed laws, or are in the process of passing laws declaring the act of texting while driving illegal, with fines and jail terms of various degrees for the offenders.
The theory of progressive evolution states that popular culture is an expression of inherent and intrinsic activities of a society. Accordingly, the act of cell phone texting while driving – however dangerous – would be an expression of an aspect of the American lifestyle, a part of its intrinsic identity. Indeed, many of the culprits of this dangerous practice are teens and the youth, ordinarily the most ardent expressers of popular culture in a society. Adults, too, use their cell phones while driving, but to a comparatively lesser degree.
Another theory of popular culture that expresses the act of texting while driving is the theory of the culture industry, where consumer needs for gadgets such as the cell phone is the principal contributing factor of the high presence of cell phone amongst Americans, with its use in texting while driving being a logical consequence. The cell phone, according to this theory, is portrayed as a must have communication tool, leading many Americans to acquire it.
Heroes in American society are highly regarded and respected. In the American society, heroes belong to both the past and present times, and are given near mythical attributes (Browne, 2005, p.35). American heroes include former presidents such as Washington and Lincoln, or adventurists such as Charles Lindbergh. Celebrities are more numerous and easily identifiable in today’s celebrity-obsessed American popular culture.
Oprah Winfrey is one such celebrity, and her fame and philanthropic deeds make her a veritable American heroin. Oprah has been the face of the campaign to stop the practice of texting while driving. Because celebrities command a large following, and their followers tend to respect their word, the campaign by American celebrity and heroin, Oprah Winfrey, and other like-minded celebrities has the greatest potential of stopping the practice, especially amongst teens for whom such celebrities are highly adored and respected.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, by understanding the concept of popular culture, and subsequently applying the two popular culture theories to the topic of texting while driving, the concept of heroes and the cult of celebrities ties into the entire thread when the influence of these celebrities and heroes in curbing the practice of texting while driving is applied.
The insight of applying the influence of heroes and celebrities in positively changing one negative aspect of American popular culture (texting while driving) is attained through the application of the two theories of popular culture.
Reference Browne, R. B. (Ed.). (2005). Profiles of Popular Culture: A Reader. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press.
Titus Andronicus as a Classic Tragedy Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
Titus Andronicus is a classical tragedy from the beginning to the end. For instance the introduction of the characters to the play shows a clear picture of a classical tragedy. In this play, the characters are introduced by bringing them on stage without any prior notification and at the same time, at certain point, the characters are introduced by other characters at the stage (Greenblatt 98).
The play starts up with minor characters whose roles in the play are not of much importance, these characters are used to introduce the more important characters. For instance, the play starts after the death of the roman emperor and his two sons.
The conflict is created at the beginning of the play, whereby the two sons Saturninus and Bassianus were disagreeing on, who will succeed their dead father. The act of the two sons conflicting on who will rule is an aspect of the author to bring out the need of identifying oneself with the hero (Greenblatt 250).
The roman emperor was a hero, and the two sons wanted to be identified with this hero. The aspect of identifying oneself with a hero is a good example of a classical tragedy. The conflict between the two sons turned to be violent until when the tribune came up with a final solution of making the emperors brother Titus to be his fathers successor.
In addition, at a certain point in the play, Aaron is seen persuading Demetrius to plan the murder of Bassianus, so that they can have a good opportunity of raping Lavinia. The play acts of characters planning to kill other characters and barbaric acts of raping others brought the emotional response in the play.
Unlike the comedies that does not show any aspect of emotional such as fear and pity, a classical tragedy like this one demonstrates much pity and fear in most of the incidences throughout the play. There is a sense of fear when Bassianus is murdered and his body dumped. Lavinia undergoes a painful process of a violent rape in a forest. Lavinia suffered a great deal, as the rapists cut her tongue and her hands to prevent her from telling the truth.
The act of human suffering is another aspect demonstrated in a classical tragedy. In Titus Andronicus play, human suffering is a major theme especially what Lavinia underwent. For instance, during the celebration party that took place in Titus house, Saturninus advised Titus that it was possible for a father to kill his raped daughter.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Shortly, Titus decided to murder his daughter, by breaking her neck and revealed the secret of rape to Saturninus. The play moves with a lot of solemnity and foreboding (Greenblatt 103). The play ends with rigid finality, whereby Titus murders Tamora, and Saturninus kills Titus.
After killing Titus, Saturninus is killed by Lucius out of anger of past memories of his father’s death, he did that purposely to revenge. Moreover, due to continuous murders of the characters, Lucius gets an opportunity of becoming an emperor, being a ruler, he commanded his people to give Saturninus a state burial (Greenblatt 156).
On the other hand, he ordered Tamoras body to be thrown away for the wild beasts to feast on him. Lucius the emperor ordered Aaron to be punished by hunger and thirst until his death. To Aaron that was not a big issue as he did not repent even at the end, and he wished to have done more evil in his life.
Work Cited Greenblatt, Stephen. The Norton Shakespeare Based on the oxford Edition. New York: W.W Norton
Forgetting Women in Popular Culture Essay college essay help near me
The journal article by Catherine Strong, titled “Grunge, Riot Grrrl and the Forgetting of Women in Popular Culture,” depicts women in history as being forgotten. The author uses the Grunge era of the 1990’s in her analysis as the point of reference. The survey makes a clear reference to the Australians that were living in the era at the time. Additionally, the author makes a string reference to the articles and media sources that existed, in an endeavor to unearth why many women rockers were forgotten.
From the article, the Grunge era was characterized by anti-sexism and gender neutrality. As noted, many female musicians apart from Courtney Love were regarded as “Riot Grrrls”, a situation that made it difficult to remember individual female artists.
The author attributes this behavior of female discrimination to the idea that people do not regard females as dedicated and serious, regarding them as sexual objects. The people’s belief in addition makes the media, which is supposed to market them and announce their popularity, look down upon them as they mostly compare them with the male counterparts.
Additionally, many female rockers have been forgotten because of their desire to be liberal and non-sexists. The media mostly directs its attention on the new females in rock, other than concentrating on the established women rockers. Any female who decided to join a male’s band was given the role of a bassist, making them get devalued and in turn worsening the situation.
The “Riot Grrrl” movement as presented was one of the feminists groups in the Grunge area. Additionally the movement was involved in politics and was supported by male artists such as Nirvana’s Kurt Cobain. Many females were actively involved in the music industry during the Grunge era.
The women openly declared their rights and desires in the music and were very confrontational. They felt suppressed and thus obviously made their anger known to the society through music while rejecting any offer to speak publicly through the media. This however made it difficult for them to keep any records as documentation was almost non-existent and the possibility of future remembrance completely destroyed.
The society either does not support any women rockers and as noted, many of the interviewed people were insensitive indicating the presence of masculine society. Various people brought up Kurt Cobain and Eddie Vedder and other mentioned female artists, including Courtney Love and L7. All regarded females as “eye candy” and the bands were male dominated.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Grunge era thus regarded women as people who should be seen and not heard. The era indicated a time where women were not regarded as rockers and their role into music was limited. Men who had women in their bands despite having stronger vocal were bassists, thus ensuring that they were almost concealed from the rest of the audience.
Neither did the society recognize their role especially in music nor in the vocals and most of them became known stars only after joining the feminist clubs such as the Riot Grrl and later rising to the 21st century in them. The same transpires in the contemporary world for women who mostly engage in certain forms of music such as rap and hip hop. Thus one has to feature a renowned musician in the genre to succeed. In every endeavor to advance such genres of music independently, it takes time to rise.
These include the likes of Missy Elliot. In any collaboration done, women are allowed to bring the vocals of the soft parts and live the hip hop parts to the likes of Lil Wayne and other established hip hop male artistes. Women are more appreciated if they engage in soft genres such as blues, thus the likes of Beyonce. Unpredictably, men who take into such soft genres are regarded as being all-round and very successful, for instance Michael Bolton, West Life, Justin Timberlake and others.
Other than the awareness that was advanced at the time, famous female artists were forgotten. The article by Strong (2011) thus encourages the reader to clearly analyze the society and critically think the role women play in the society. Various policies have been advanced that would have assisted to fight gender inequality but many times they are ignored.
As noted, change is like rest. To date men and women are still not regarded as equal, mostly in the employment sector to various professions which are referred to as male dominated jobs such as architecture, engineering and other sciences. Women are only made to feel as if they belong to a certain moment and have no relevance in the future.
The journal additionally makes it clear that if any woman has to be remembered, the process will only arise if she has for instance freed slaves, or has been married to a famous man, or has to be identified as one who stood for her rights; a situation which in the era was closely related to deviance. For a man however, to become famous and probably leave a legacy behind, one had only to make up some edgy music and later die from a drug overdose.
Reference Strong, C. (2011). “Grunge, riot Grrrl and the forgetting of women in popular culture.” Journal of Popular Culture, 44(2): 398-416.
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Race, Ethnicity and Crime Research Paper scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Racism and ethnicity are one of the social evils that pose a big danger to the society. These are the main factors that have been contributing to crime in the contemporary world. Racial discrimination in America has a significant implication on crime in the region. Most of the racism in America has been between the whites against the blacks and vice versa. There are a number of incidences that has resulted into crime in the United States.
Discussion In many cases, most criminal activities in the United States are characterized by racism. Racism has resulted in a number of crimes, which has threatened security and peaceful co-existence among the people. There are a number of opposing issues concerning racism and disparity that has led to complication in the discussion of the issue of racism in the Criminal Justice System. For instance, there are economic differences among the people that have led to crime in the United States.
It is possible to have people from different race on low income group and also on the high income groups. The larger the differences between the poor and the rich, the high are the chances of crime. We also have differences in terms of biological heredity, psychological and other factors that may influence ones tendency to engage in crimes.
Racial differences have also led to crime in the United States. This can be explained through the discrimination that the vice has cultivated among the people. For instance, the idea that members of a certain group like the African Americans are more likely to commit a certain crime can lead to difficulties in fighting the vice. Similarly, the fact that the reason for doing so is psychological can also lead to serious difficulties.
This is because they tend to propose the inability of the public policy to solve these problems. This is unlike the social explanations where an individual can change through the public policy. From previous statistics, the results showed that the rate of arrests for the African Americans were higher than those in the other Americans (Anonymous, 2011).
There are several historical incidences that can clearly illustrate the issue of racism in America. One of this was the racism against African Americans through the institution of slavery. During this period, African Americans were enslaved and treated like property (Randall, 1998). This incident led to undermining and persistent racism against Africans.
Another incident in the history that can be used to demonstrate racism in America took place after the Mexican- American War in 1948 (Greenhaus and Parasuraman, 1990). During the period, Zoot Suit Riots clearly demonstrated the racism against Latinos. The Latin Americans were usually composed of people from different ethnic and racial backgrounds. This made them more prone to racism.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Recently, the issue of racism has raised major concerns in the study of the criminal justice. In America, there are a significant difference between the number of the black Americans and the white Americans arrested and prosecuted for various crimes. This has raised concerns on the criminal justice practices.
There are a number of areas that differ in terms of races, a thing that may lead to differences in the criminal justice. One of these differences is the level of unemployment. Through racial discrimination, there is a significant difference in the level of unemployment in different racial groups. When the level of unemployment is high, the level of poverty is also high and therefore there are high chances of committing crimes. For instance, unemployed person may engage in stealing due to lack of livelihood.
Race may also lead to differences in political orientation. This leads to differences in the views among the people from different races. In some cases, some members from a certain group may feel that they are not properly represented. In such a situation, differing views may lead people to engage in criminal activities.
The issue of the race and crime can easily be understood through the analysis of the criminal etiology or the breaking of law. Breaking of the law can either be explained from individual or social perspectives. From the individual perspective, the crime is caused by the characteristics that an individual possess. These include heredity defects, intelligence, and body type among others (Heaven and Hudson, 2011). On the other hand, crime is seen to be caused by social or psychological reasons.
In my opinion, I believe that racism is of great importance in the criminal justice. This is because it has helped in explaining the patterns of crime in the society. Most of the criminal activities in the United States are rooted in the issues related to race. As already noted, previous statistics have revealed that certain groups of people in America are more likely to commit crime than others.
It is therefore necessary to study in terms of race differences. People from a certain race may have varying social psychological differences. This can significantly influence the conduct of individuals. For instance, there are some tendencies that are common in a particular racial group but not prevalent in others.
The concept of race has a significant implication on my future career as a police officer. To begin with, this may affect me through prejudice. As already seen, the past record has clearly revealed that there is more proportionate cases of criminals arrested and prosecuted from one racial group than the other (Lafree and Russell, 1993).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Race, Ethnicity and Crime specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, the past data has revealed that there are more cases of the African Americans engaged in crime. This may lead to a temptation of prejudice or bias in the process of executing duties. Due to intensification of the issue of racism in the society, I may also face the problem of undermining others. The citizens from other racial groups may be tempted to think that I am biased towards my race.
Another way through which race can affect my future profession is through career advancement. In most cases, racism has been integrated in the work place. For instance, the senior managers are tempted to promote only those employees from their racial group. Racism may therefore affect me in my career as a police officer.
Conclusion In summary, race and ethnicity has a significant implication on America’s criminal justice system. Racial differences have significantly affected the crime patterns among the people. For instance, there are more reported cases of criminals from a certain group arrested and prosecuted in court. This can be explained from both the personal and the social perspective. Individual’s personal differences can increase the possibility of engaging in a certain form of crime. Social and psychological factors can also increase the chances of engaging in crime.
Reference List Anonymous. (2011). Race and Ethnicity – Race in U.S. Legal History, Native Americans, Black Americans and Crime, Policing and Minorities.
Greenhaus, J. and Parasuraman, S. (1990). Effects of race on organizational experiences, job performance evaluations, and career outcomes. Azcademy of Management Journal. 1990, Vol. 1, pp. 64-86.
Heaven, O. and Hudson, B. (2011). ‘Race’, Ethnicity and Crime. Web.
Lafree, G. and Russell, K.K. (1993). The Argument for Studying Race and Crime. Journal of Criminal Justice Education. 4, 273-289.
Randall, K. (1998). Race, Crime, and the Law. New York: Vintage Books.
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Skills of CEO at Bay View Inc. Report essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Bay View Corporation
Line of Operations
Skills necessary to be a CEO
Introduction Multinational companies face various challenges that require managers to endure as well as maintain high levels of integrity. This is mainly because these corporations have branches throughout the globe, which target a highly dynamic market. It is also quite important to note that employees in these corporations usually come from varied cultures.
This poses another problem whose solution lies in a good organizational culture. It is every employee’s dream to take charge of duties in their areas of work. Different lines of operations pose varying challenges to managers. Moreover, these challenges require different leadership skills to solve. It is therefore very essential for managers to have a thorough understanding of the business’s line of operation. This way, he/she can apply different skills to get desired results.
High technology companies, for instance, requires a manager with massive wealth of experience in production and marketing of the product. Since companies encounter varying challenges at different times and places, it is quite important for the manager to possess both individual skills as well as those that can be employed to realize success. This paper will consider skills required for a management trainee to become a CEO at Bay View Inc.
Bay View Corporation Bay View Inc. manufactures framostats, which are supplied throughout the world. Framostats is a propriety item in high demand. Bay View employs more than 50000 workers all over the globe and adds to its number by 10, annually. In addition, the company is sole in manufacturing of these product.
The products are useful parts in automotive machinery such as motor vehicle and airplanes, among others. Moreover, Bay View Corporation has branches throughout the world. In essence, it monopolizes manufacturing and supply of framostats all over the globe. This is quite essential because the company has to deal with constant demand for their products. The chief executive officer therefore has a very significant role to play in this corporation.
For instance, he/she has to link with a team of managers that operate the branches all over the globe. In addition, the manager has to ensure that these products are made in their right shape and quality before supply. This cannot be done without prior knowledge of skills in production and use of the product. A chief executive officer (CEO) can be defined in relation to the type of organization. For instance, in corporations, the CEO is answerable to company’s board of directors.
On the other hand, in sole proprietorship, the CEO is answerable to him/herself. In this regard, CEOs should have vast knowledge of skills and qualities of leadership. The CEO is charged with responsibility of executing company’s strategic plans as well as policies. Therefore, to manage such a huge company as Bay View, one must rise through the levels of its operations to improve its efficacy. Therefore, management trainees form the best candidates as potential CEOs and managers in this corporation.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Line of Operations The company deals in manufacture of framostats. This product is in high demand as it forms part of automotive machineries. As a management trainee, the first three weeks involves orientation, understanding of company’s organizational culture, and structures. Others include understanding the number of branches, products, and their uses, possible opportunities, and work ethics, among others.
Trainees should have a good understanding of the company’s organizational structure. In fact, those who hope to be CEOs in the corporation must understand its internal structure, chain of command, tasks, and responsibilities of each individual as well group ethics. These are very significant in developing an individual’s managerial skills for betterment of the corporation.
Management trainee Trainees are usually hired to be imparted with skills that can enable them fit the requirements of a corporation. This enables them to have a clear understanding of all levels of work in the corporation. Moreover, it helps develop an organizational culture in them. This is mainly because candidates are drawn from various parts of the world with varied cultures.
The corporation should therefore try to impart relevant elements with ability to develop their human capacity for efficacy. The first three weeks will therefore involve elements such as orientation, understanding of company’s organizational culture, and structures.
Others include number of branches, products, and their uses, possible opportunities, and work ethics, among others. Orientation is important as it provides individuals with the mastery of workplace. Another aspect of great importance to development of trainees is interaction with company staff and managers. This enables them to learn organizational culture of the corporation (Gibbons 1).
Skills necessary to be a CEO To become a CEO that manages a large multinational corporation such as Bay View, one needs to poses the following skills as well as be ready to improve on them. These can be divided into two main groups, those that are result oriented and individual skills. The latter include an individual’s ability, most of which are noticed during recruitment.
They include analytic intelligence, creativity, which should be developed during training. Trainees should possess urgency, openness, empathy, drive, and endurance, willingness to work in any given role as well as have high integrity. Others include ability to identify problems, interpersonal skills, neutrality, and ability to lead as well as have vision for the company, among others.
We will write a custom Report on Skills of CEO at Bay View Inc. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Result oriented skills include knowledge of customer and market, comprehensive knowledge of the technology, championing as well as articulation of vision, ability to strategies, and realize objectives. Still, other include identification, support and deployment of essential competencies, removal of obstacles, emphasis on profitability, ability to focus on short and long term basis, promotion of learning, and early identification of problems as well as their solutions, among others (Gibbons 1).
Clearly, these objectives cannot be achieved within the first three weeks of class. However, they are developed in a continuous manner. Ideally, candidates should be able to develop more than one skill at a time and progressively development their human capacity. Therefore, as much as the first three weeks majors on orientation, organizational culture, business structure, product and its usage, among others, skills must develop simultaneously with acquisition of new ideas (Gibbons 1).
Conclusion Trainees are usually hired to be imparted with skills that can enable them fit the requirements of a corporation. This enables them to have a clear understanding of all levels of work in the corporation. Moreover, it helps develop an organizational culture in them. Possible candidates for the post of CEO should possess variety of skills, which must be developed during training.
These include those that are result oriented and individual skills. Therefore, since the first three weeks majors on orientation, organizational culture, business structure, product, and its usage, among others, skills must develop simultaneously with acquisition of new ideas.
Work Cited Gibbons, Fred. “CEO Skills Inventory”. stanford.edu. 24.01.2007.11.09.2011. https://web.stanford.edu/class/ee353/ceo.htm
The United States Constitution Report (Assessment) essay help site:edu
Introduction The United States’ constitution has stood the test of time since its adoption in late 18th century. During 17th century, Americans were under colonial rule that denied them rights and powers to govern themselves. Then, Americans fought for their independence gradually by demanding their recognition and inclusion into the colonial government that had oppressed for quite some time.
Colonialists flooded the US in early 17th century from various parts of the world, majorly Europe because they were escaping religious persecution and in search of expansive land for agriculture. Under oppression, Americans made several initiatives in a bid to emancipate themselves and these initiatives culminated into independence in 1776.
According to Garrett, in 1765, 13 colonies met to discuss the violation of fundamental rights and in 1774 and 1775, first and second continental congress respectively resolved to have independence (12). In 1776, the United States got its independence and adopted a new constitution in 1787. This constitution has become the legal basis for the present government. Despite the fact that the formulation of the United States’ constitution dates back to more than 230 years ago, it is still remarkably viable in the modern government.
The preamble of the United States’ constitution envisages a perfect union of diverse states based on common defence, liberty, justice and tranquillity. Even though the preamble dates back to more than two centuries ago, it formed the basis of federal form of government that still exists today.
American government has a federal model of government that other countries are trying to emulate for it is a perfect union of diverse states. Garrett argues that the United States’ constitution has stood the test of time because it established federal government as it exists currently (19).
The existence of the federal government reflects viability of the United States’ constitution in modern governance. Therefore, current union of states has its basis in the United States’ constitution, which envisaged perfect union and how federal government functions and relates with central government.
The United States’ constitution is still viable in modern governance because it has an elastic clause that makes it flexible and adaptive to modern changes, which are consistent with new forms of governance. According to Section 8 of Article I, Congress has powers to make necessary amendments that are essential and consistent with the United States’ constitution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The United States’ constitution is a legal framework that anchors several amendments and provisions in view of evolving legal issues of governance in the modern world. Wedes argues that, the elastic clause is particularly relevant to modern governance because it does not only give power to Congress to conduct necessary and appropriate amendments, but also ensures that the constitution is in tandem with dynamic needs of governance (p.1).
For instance, Congress has made several amendments in modes of taxation, regulation of commerce and security issues with regard to terrorism. Thus, elastic clause has made the United States’ constitution remain viable and reliable in current governance.
Moreover, the amendment process of the United States’ constitution is decidedly stringent to protect it from undue mutilation and changes that would make it lose its viability over time. The United States’ constitution has the first ten amendments that form basis of human rights, which are inalienable.
From independence, the first ten amendments have remained and are truly viable as they are provisions that stipulate inherent and immutable rights of every citizen in America. For instance, the first amendment to the United States’ constitution provides and guarantees freedom of expression, religion, association and petition. The first amendment assured Americans that the federal government will protect and secure their rights for posterity.
In addition, Garlinger states that, the fourteenth amendment to the United States’ constitution forbids any state from making or enforcing any law that restrict the privileges or deprive life, liberty and property (p.32). Hence, in spite of numerous attempts to amend the constitution, the amendments to United States’ constitution are central to human rights and have become the cornerstone in advocacy of human rights, thus still viable in the present government.
Supreme Court of the United States also has powers to review the constitutionality of statutes, amendments and treaties that congress makes to guarantee their consistency with the constitution. According to Prakash and Yoo, Marbury v. Madison (1803), did set a precedent, which gave powers to Supreme Court to review the constitutionality of congressional statutes and amendments (890).
Currently, Supreme Court still has powers to review and determine the constitutionality of statutes and amendments of the Congress. Thus, Supreme Court has a considerable role in ensuring that the United States’ constitution remains viable and consistent across all ages except few amendments that enhance its application in modern governance.
We will write a custom Assessment on The United States Constitution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Although the United States’ constitution is over 200 years old, it is still highly relevant in modern society. The constitution provides a legal framework, which anchors several provisions and amendments that occur over a period.
The legal framework of the United States’ constitution has relatively remained constant for over 200 years, and is still relevant and viable because it is flexible in adopting new judicial and governing reforms. It is quite evident that the United States’ constitution been stable for a long period because of federal form of government, elastic clause, stringent amendment process and judicial review, all of which attest its viability and relevance in the modern United States.
Works Cited Garlinger, Paul. “United States Constitution: The Amendments.” New York University Law Review 2.4 (2009): 30-34.
Garrett, Sandy. United States History, Constitution and Government. New York: Harcourt Publisher, 2005.
Prakash, Saikrishna, and Yoo, John. “The Origins of Judicial Review.” Chicago Law Review, 2003: 887-933.
Wedes, Samuel. “A Living Constitution, the United States Constitution: Does It Stand The Test of Time?” Government, 2006: 1-33.
The Fear’s Explanation Essay essay help free: essay help free
Fear is a natural emotion prevalent in human beings as a result of anticipation of danger. It could have both positive as well as negative impacts in the life of an individual depending on a situation. It for instance puts individuals in a better position in regard to responding to danger and threats.
Nonetheless, fear could grow to an extent where it becomes unhealthy thus causing abnormal and violent behavior among individuals. This piece of work looks at the aspect of fear as illustrated in the article “Fear” by Phil Barker. The article is very informative giving various aspects that are related to fear. According to the author, there is some form of fear that is understandable and advantageous to an individual while there is also some fear that accounts for conflicts that result in war. Fear can occur in different stages.
There is real fear which is based on a real situation for instance when you get hurt or experience some pain out of a certain happening, it is automatic that you develop fear of such a happening even in future. Realistic/ possible fear on the other hand is the fear that is natural and can be seen as in individual’s effort towards avoiding threats through all means, for instance, avoiding walking at night for safety reasons.
The third form of fear is what is considered dangerous and could lead to violence and war. Barker asserts that the fear that brings about conflicts which in return lead to war or violence is the exaggerated or emotional fear. This entails a person not only remembering past fears and happenings but also associating it with current occurrences. It is closely associated with conflict as it determines an individual’s capability of handling danger or threat related situations (Barker par 2).
The author gives an elaborate explanation of the issue of fear through providing various perspectives of fear as well as the attributes associated with it including the causes, why fear matters as well as how fear can be handled. Through the information given, I strongly think that the author’s explanation is a reasonable way of enhancing our understanding on the issue of historical violence in relation to the concept of fear.
This is because the author gives a clear relationship between fear and violence and how history plays a critical role. The author first states that conflict is fuelled by unfulfilled needs and desires and the fears associated with the needs. Identity is usually a very essential aspect in every individual. For this reason, any chance of losing identity and security could result in fear for instance that related to extinction and oppression.
History has been depicted to be very crucial in creating fear especially that which is connected to violence. This is because historical or past experiences play a great role of shaping how individuals and groups of people perceive and respond to threats and any form of danger.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It therefore follows that if a person or a group has been wounded or hurt over the past, the experience affects their status today and also in future in terms of how they view fear as well as how they may tend to handle it. A good example that the author has given us is that of the tension that exist between the Palestinians and the Israelis. All the happenings that occurred between these groups often rejuvenates among the people and it has created some form of fear in the people making it difficult for them to relate in a friendly manner.
This is despite the fact that things could have changed. History creates some form of fear cycles. This is for example where a certain group is mistreated causing fear and the feeling of weakness and for this reason; they become susceptible to further discrimination or mistreatment as they believe that since they were hurt or done wrong in the past, the probability of the same happening in future is very high.
This is however exacerbated by the fact that those who endured some pain out of any occurrence tend to feel betrayed and bitter and instead of trying to accept the situation and to look for strategies of coming out of it, they stay withdrawn thus making chances of being hurt once more high.
In order to enhance our understanding on the concept of fear and how it is related to violence and war, I will give some examples. As noted earlier, historical memories play a great role in shaping an individual’s life for instance through how he or she perceives things and people. A person who was hurt in the past is more likely to be bitter and have an urge to revenge. This is usually done through violence which is connected to fear.
During childhood, there occurred some war in my hometown and I witnessed policemen arrogantly hurting people whom I considered innocent. Although we as children were not affected, the memories of the happenings are still fresh in my mind. I not only developed fear towards policemen but also some form of hatred. Up to now, I do fear them and try as much as possible not to cross my lines and have an experience with them although in the real sense, they ought to solve problems.
Another example is the historical violence that existed between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland. This is evident even today where there is some way people from either group treat the others as a result of fear brought about by occurrences that transpired between the two. It is very hard to see a Catholic being comfortable among the Protestants and vice versa. This is because there is some form of fear and each group values itself to be more superior to the other hence the tension.
It is evident that fear entails a lot, not just what can be thought of at the mention of the word. Fear could be useful, for instance, in helping an individual to be more prepared concerning responding to threats and dangers. It could also be dangerous where it goes to the extreme and causes violence.
We will write a custom Essay on The Fear’s Explanation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For this reason, there is dire need of leaning on the strategies of dealing with fear in an effort to avoid instances of exaggeration where it could cause negative effects not only to the victim but also to those around him or her.
Some of the strategies ought to be personal while others could be initiated by the responsible people for instance relatives and counselors. Generally one should be aware of the fear and the consequences linked with it, accept it, and identify ways to express the fear, determine the factors that contribute to fear and more so, implement strategies that could in one way or the other reduce fear.
Works Cited Barker Phil. “Fear”. Beyond intractability, 2003. 7 September 2011
Assessing Quality of the Products and Services Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Products and services have a collection of features that enable a customer to rate quality of the goods and services for satisfaction. The views to determine the overall quality of product and service include product design, services delivery, and the overall process of delivering product or services. This paper focuses on assessing product and service quality.
According to Lewis et al (2007, p. 447) there are many factors for rating a products quality, but it depends on the type. For example, I went to a beauty shop to buy a face cream for removing blackheads, which I thought could be effective after some time but did not see any improvements. The factors which I used to gauge the product include the brand name, products ingredients, its effectiveness and price. The product contained a trusted brand name and I thought that it was effective and hence, I rated it at 9 out of 10.
The product also had many ingredients, which appeared to be natural and so I rated it at 5 point. Since the product was not effective as expected, I rated it at 1 because there were no changes after applying it. Due to the products’ ineffectiveness, and despite the high price, the products rating were at 4 point. I discovered that it is not always true that the higher the price of a product, the better it is as compared to those with lower costs.
Based on the results of the rating, the brand name was at 9 point, ingredients at 5, and effectiveness of the product at 1, and the price at 4. Hence, the total number of all the ratings was 19. I got the average of the total points by dividing the total by the four factors and a rating of 4.75.
In service quality, I used many determinants when I visited a national library, but did not get the best services. First, there was no proper responsiveness whenever I needed assistance in locating my books of interest. The rate of responsiveness was of 4 out of 10. In addition, there was no ease of accessing the reading materials because they were mixed up in the shelf, thus the rating was 5 out of 10. At the main entrance the library staff was not courteous and polite to customers, thus courtesy rating was at 3 out of 10.
The library also lacked competent staff because I noticed that they did not have the proper skills and knowledge for providing the services when I tried to enquire more about the library, hence competency rating was at 2 out of 10. It was not easy to communicate since there were no staffs ready to listen to the customers and thus, communication rating was at 4 out of 10.
Similarly, security of the bags and other items left at the shelf was not guaranteed because some of the shelves did not have number tags and we left the bags without being assured of their security: it is possible for another customer to pick a bag that does not belong to him hence the security rating was at 6. The staff did not bother to understand individual customer needs and hence, the rating was at 5.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Based at all the service ratings, the responsiveness had 4 points, ease of accessing had 5 points, and courtesy was at 3 points, staff competency was at 2 points, communication was at 4 points, security was at 6 points and finally understanding customer needs was at 5 points. The ratings were all out of 10 and thus, when I added all of them the result was 29. I got the overall average service rating by dividing the number of points by the number of factors and the average was at 4.14.
In conclusion, it is important for companies and organizations to focus on customer satisfaction by providing the best services and giving quality products. Wirtz (2003) suggests that to determine the customers’ perception of a product and a service, businesses should seek to understand the customers’ experience when using the product or getting the service, and what they say about them because the final financial results are based on customer satisfaction and quality.
References Lewis, P. S., Goodman, S. H., Fandt, P. M.,
How to Effectively Train for a Marathon Research Paper online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Training for a marathon is exceptionally demanding because it requires physical, physiological, and psychological preparation. Usually, athletes undergo rigorous training that prepares them to endure the hard challenges associated with marathon. Training programs for marathon aim at enhancing performance and endurance by improving effective utilization of energy and oxygen.
Moreover, training enhances performance by increasing muscular structures and promoting effecting coordination of neurons throughout the body. According to Tinsley (2005), training theory perceives that effective training is only achievable if athletes incorporate nutrition, physiological, physical, and psychological factors into their training programs (p.1).
These factors are critical in marathon training, for they offer comprehensive training to athletes so that they can not only endure fatigue, but also enhance their performance and improve their health. Fundamentally, marathon training requires comprehensive training since marathon can potentially cause serious injurious, thus quite dangerous for a novice athlete.
Given that marathon can potentially cause grave injurious if an athlete does not train well, it is imperative for training programs to be effective and comprehensive. Thus, effective training for a marathon should encompass physical, physiological, and psychological aspects of training.
Physical Training Physical training for a marathon aims at building strong muscles that are essential in enhancing physical fitness. Rigorous exercises that novice athletes undergo enable them to build appropriate muscles and acquire physical fitness that form basis of training.
Moreover, rigorous exercises are particularly beneficial in burning excess fat and promoting circulation of oxygen in the body. Tinsley (2005) reasons that, running a marathon causes considerable physical changes in the body because; it can result into utter exhaustion, severe injuries, and extension of muscles (p.3).
These changes can be extremely grave if a novice athlete attempts to run a marathon, yet his/her body is not physically ready and accustomed to extensive and intensive running. Inadequate preparation for a marathon has severe consequences because it predisposes the body muscles to more injurious than usual. Thus, for an athlete to build strong stamina and develop resilience of running a marathon, rigorous physical exercises are imperative.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Effective marathon training requires athletes to wear proper shoes and clothing. Proper shoes cushion legs and body from undue friction and shock experiences of a marathon run. For effective training, legs should accustom to a given type of shoes because changing of shoe design during training predispose one to injury.
Tinsley (2005) explains that, appropriate shoe design and cushioning enhances springing and reduces the occurrence of injuries on legs (p.4). Thus, athletes need to consult shoe specialists to enable them choose the right design of shoe before embarking on rigorous exercises of marathon. In addition to shoes, athletes also need appropriate clothing that suit their training needs and environment.
When training during cold weather, athletes need clothes that keep them warm while at the same time allows removal of sweats from the body. During hot weather, athletes need light clothing that bring about cooling effect and reduce the rate of sweating, thus conserve a lot of water in the body. Athletics’ attire has significant influence on marathon training and consequently determines athletic performance.
Physiological Training Physiological training entails aspects of nutrition and rest. Physiological mechanism of the body highly depends on nutrients obtained from diet that athletes take. Poor nutrition interferes with physiological mechanism of the body that deals with generation and regulation of energy, thus negatively affect effective training for a marathon.
Without stable physiological health, athletes are not able to perform their rigorous exercises, which are essential in building stamina and resilience. Hamilton (2007) advises that, even if an athlete is mentally determined and physical strong, neglect of nutrition has a detrimental effect on health and can cause illness or physiological injury to vital organs in the body (p.78).
Thus, for athletes to train effectively for a marathon, they should ensure that they take balance diet. Since marathon requires a lot of energy, a diet needs to contain about 60% of carbohydrates. Additional, the body needs a lot of water to prevent dehydration of cells because more water is lost through sweats during training.
Even though more exercises are essential for one to gain appropriate physical fitness, resting is also imperative to allow restoration of over-stretched physiological processes. During the period of rest, physiological processes replenish used energy and regenerate exhausted muscles, making them stronger again.
We will write a custom Research Paper on How to Effectively Train for a Marathon specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Cormier (2009) argues that, high intensity training should precede tapering period, which refreshes the body and the mind in preparation for a marathon (p.10). The tapering period should entail a two-week period where intensive training reduces to about 50%, to allow the body to rejuvenate for a race.
Psychological Training Although marathon race may seem to be more of physical than psychological activity, it has become evident that psychology plays an integral role in motivating athletes. Cormier (2009) contends that, physiological ability of an athlete determines how one covers the first 30 kilometers, while psychological aspect of willpower determines one’s ability to cover remaining 12 kilometers (p.13).
Studies have further suggested that about 40% of runners surrender after covering about 30 kilometers because they lack willpower that motivates them to finish. Psychology influence running because the brain in conjunction with central nervous system coordinates movement of limbs, use of fuel reserves, regulation of water and oxygen utilization by the body. Thus, athletes need to develop willpower during their training so that they can cope with the challenge of exhaustion, endurance, and surrendering.
Thus, effective psychological training of marathon involves training with other athletes to obtain emotional support, acceptance of hardship, interaction with mentors and coaches, and running as an explorative activity. Hamilton (2007) posits that, long runs are essential in training, for they make the mind and body adapt to the strain of viewing marathon as a long distance event that requires endless steps (p.76).
The strain associated with marathon training has made many athletes lose hope and surrender in the course of their running because they have insufficient psychological preparation. Thus, for athletes to train marathon effectively, they need to acclimatize their psychology to long runs, hardships, different routes and derive pleasure in marathon.
Conclusion Marathon training is quite demanding because it requires physiological, physical, and psychological preparation for athletes to perform well. Partial training does not only result into poor performance but can cause severe injuries. Injuries that athletes usually experience occur due to poor training.
Thus, novice athletes must undergo rigorous and comprehensive training to avert predisposition to injurious that occur because of insufficient training. Comprehensive training for marathon needs to involve physiological, physical, and psychological training, because they are integral factors that determine performance in marathon. Therefore, for athletes to train effectively for a marathon, they should not overlook or assume essence of physiological, physical, and psychological training.
References Cormier, S. (2009). Marathon Training: Nutritional Strategies, Pre-race Taper and Psychology. Marylebone Physiotherapy and Sports Medicine, 1-22.
Not sure if you can write a paper on How to Effectively Train for a Marathon by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Cormier’s article asserts that marathon training must be systematic to prevent undue injuries and futility of training. In the article, Cormier notes that haphazard training of marathon is to blame for poor performance and high rates of injuries. Thus, he recommends comprehensive training of athletes for them to perform outstandingly in marathons.
Hamilton, A. (2007). Marathon Training Plan: Tackling the Big One. Fit Runner, 74-78.
In this article, Hamilton argues that running a marathon is not fun because it is very demanding in that, it requires both extensive and intensive training. Moreover, the article outlines basic principles that are essential for effective training, which include long runs, cross training, rest, and nutrition amongst other principles. Ultimately, the article concludes that marathon training should entail physiological, physical, and psychological aspects.
Tinsley, H. (2005). Principles of Training Theory. International Association of Athletics Federations, 1-14.
This article reflects the recommendations of International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) in training of athletes. IAAF recommends that training of athletes must entail social, philosophical, nutrition, anatomy, physical, psychological, and physiological knowledge. Tinsley observes that wide conception of marathon training enhances effective training and promote performance.
The Stock Market Report college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Stock market refers to marketing environment whereby issuing and subsequent trading of shares and securities takes place (Wyss 12). The market is also referred to as equity market and it is very crucial in economic growth bearing in mind that by issuing specific percentage of their shares to investors, companies are able to raise the much needed capital to facilitate growth and expansion (Wyss 16).
The term stock market does not necessarily refer to a specific place (Wyss 18). However, stock exchange market such as the New York Stock Exchange and other exchanges around the world are situated in specific locations.
On the same note, stock market provides a platform through which individuals can buy or sell stocks, bonds and securities. Wyss (18) elucidates that there are several securities which are traded in stock markets such as shares, derivatives, unit trusts and bonds. Most stocks are sold or bought through stock exchanges which are either physical or virtual. At physical exchanges, buyers and sellers decide on pricing level through an auction method which is moderated by a specialist (Wyss 64).
The final price is arrived at by establishing an equilibrium price whereby both buyers and sellers are willing to make a transaction (Wyss 72). Once an equilibrium price is reached, a transaction is concluded. A similar situation is experienced in virtual exchanges. The only difference is that in virtual exchanges, dealers are interlinked digitally. Moreover, brokerage dealers regulate the stock market through continuous bids which are within a certain price range (Wyss 66).
Additionally, Wyss (28) distinguishes between two types of stock market namely primary and secondary. The primary market is whereby companies issue their securities for sale to the public in the stock market through Initial Public Offer (IPO) (Wyss 28).
On the other hand, subsequent trading of previously- issued securities by investors is referred to as secondary market (Wyss 28). On the other hand, primary market trading is a onetime event but secondary market is the core of stock market since it is continuous almost on a daily basis (Wyss 29).
Prices in the stock market fluctuate every minute and it is imperative for traders to establish how shares are performing at certain times (Wyss 66). This is accomplished by use of stock indexes such as Dow Jones and S
Cultures around the World Descriptive Essay scholarship essay help
Culture is the way of life of a given people. It entails how people behave and perceive different life issues. It includes aspects like religion, customs, language, beliefs, food among others. Culture varies from one place to the other depending on the circumstances surrounding a place such as climate and environment and how people perceive things.
The difference between cultures brings about the issue of culture shock. Culture shock is experienced differently by various people and is believed to be temporary. In this assignment, I will give my experience and how culture shock affected me.
It was last year when I decided to have a change of environment; after having a very tight school schedule. I held the idea that spending my summer on a farm far away from the busy city life would be a relief to me. Since childhood, I had spent my life in the city and hence I was used to city life and all the attributes that go along with it. This made the countryside look so different for me in regard to various aspects including the environment, the customs, the food taken, the values and beliefs among other things.
The first thing that gave me problems was the environment and climate in the new place. Initially, I found it interesting due to the fact that it was free from congestion and pollution and everything seemed cool.
It was however very cold, which made me to clad in warm clothing so as to put up with the weather. Communication is another concept that was so different. Unlike in the city, respect in the countryside was a key issue especially when interacting with people who are much older. I had to be taught the words I would use when addressing older people.
Although it sounded awkward, I had no choice but to learn. Shaking hands was also important since you had to show concern to the other person. People had to engage in lengthy conversations whenever they met differing to the city life where they just say hello and leave. Food and how meals were taken was also amazing. Most of the food offered to me was very unfamiliar; some tasting okay while others were just unbearable. Meals were taken many times a day and people took time together.
This is unlike in the city where everyone is rushing and taking a meal together as a family is rare. Some customs in the countryside also seemed unbearable, for instance, having to work hard for specified duration of time and having resting hours. It is a relaxed experience compared to the busy lifestyle in the city. Generally, some of the feelings that I experienced as a result of culture shock include feeling out and misunderstood, frustration, anxiety, homesickness and worse still developing a negative attitude towards the new culture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is evident that culture shock is a reality that people have to face from time to time as they encounter different cultures that are markedly different from theirs. This is mainly because of the differences that exist in regard to values and beliefs. All in all, culture shock is temporary and requires just some time before one adjusts and thus move away from the confusion.