In my opinion, there is a need for citizens to pay a keen attention to the opinions of religious individuals and religious politicians as they vocalize them. My take is that not all religious politicians are radical. At least there are some who make sense. There is a need for the state to separate from the church. It is also worth noting that majority of the laws are founded on religious scriptures.
According to Libertarians, how long a free society lasts is dependent on the will of the citizens to remain free. In my opinion, the constitution can be designed to promote termination of societal decay. However, people have to remain dedicated to freedom. My take is that a fair political structure is useful in ensuring a free society. However, a political structure is not the only ingredient (Johnstone 100). It is worth noting that the effectiveness of a political structure is also dependent on the wider cultural and social perspective.
In essence, culture is significant in ensuring a free society. According to Aelfred, religion is a powerful tool in shaping an evil or good culture. According to conservatives, a solid religious society is necessary for adherence to liberty ideals. Particularly, conservatives maintain that religion has two benefits.
First, it is the basis for individual accountability and moral character, which ensures citizens who are self- reliant, disciplined, and straightforward. Such citizens have a concern for their neighbours, and a keen regard for government coercion. Second, religion provides God’s authority in the place of State authority. As such, religion acts as the measure for governmental aggrandizement (Johnstone 83).
I suggest that a government composed of a free society should regularly ensure active measures, that strengthen and enhance religion. However, a society where the nation’s strong-arm power promotes particular religious opinions is never free. Therefore, if religion has to be included in politics, it has to be on a voluntary basis. This is because coercion eliminates the aspect of freedom.
It is worth emphasizing that religion has taken a significant place in politics. For instance, President Obama had to consent to particular religious rules before becoming the president. For example, irrespective of his stand on abortion, he had to consent that federal funds would not be directed towards abortion.
My take is that if true believers are involved intimately in politics, risks are likely to arise. The Americans had to embrace a novel mandate during the presidential election. There has been a historic association between ideology and politics (Johnstone 140). According to me, the Catholic Church has been participating actively in politics. This has persuaded citizens and politicians to comply to ideological platforms, that are more holy. To me, this is a wrong move, since the rights of democracy are eroded.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, it is worth emphasizing that it is difficult to make a clear distinction between the government and religion. In addition, the church has always had a natural influence and concern in political issues. When America considered amending the Constitution, the Bills of Rights had it that the law will respect religion.
Conservative Christians draw their rules from the Bible, while secular progressives depend on human wisdom. In essence, religion should play a role in politics. In the absence of control from religion, governments and states would become extremely rotten. Religion should act as the control.
Religious Fundamentalism Religious fundamentalism refers to an opinion or movement, whose main feature is rigid adherence to fundamental principles, strong secularism opposition, and intolerance to alternative views. The movement arose from the United States during the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century, and it is exceptionally organized. The movement strongly opposes secularism and Protestant Liberalism, and emphasizes that the Scripture is inerrant (Johnstone 234).
In the US, the term religious fundamentalism was used to define a Protestant community that practised fundamental values. It is worth noting that these fundamental values were against the modern values. According to the group, it was imperative to go by what the Bible said. The Bible, therefore, was the foundation of their faith. In my opinion, religious fundamentalism has been extremely prevalent in communities.
Today, people who focus on religious fundamentalism regard it as the answer to the present society. My take is that societies have changed greatly, whereby it is extremely difficult to comprehend them. In addition, if the familiar things are transformed, people feel very insecure. Most times, people turn to religion to assess things that never change. In addition, they seek rules on living which remain constant. In essence, most people regard religion as the only thing that never transforms.
In my opinion, when people regard religion in this manner, they also regard religious ideas as complete. As such, it is extremely impossible for them to transform. In my view, when people regard religion as absolute, this turns out as fundamentalism (Johnstone 12). Therefore, fundamentalism can be present in any religion.
It is worth noting that sometimes, religious fundamentalists disregard this name because it has alternative meanings. The name is associated with negative opinions, which makes fundamentalists avoid it. Some of the negative opinions include disrespect for human rights, and that they are uneducated and unclever. Some people use the name Christian fundamentalists, since the name religious fundamentalists also include the Hindus and Muslims.
We will write a custom Essay on Impact of Religion on Politics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In my opinion, religious fundamentalists may differ in the things they believe in. However, there are a number of issues in which solid beliefs are shared. It is worth emphasizing that these issues are the same in a wide array of religions. Some of the concerns include science, contraception, fornication, feminism, homosexuality, abortion, teaching students about religion in schools, and religion as the foundation of laws.
All fundamentalists have a keen concern for sexual behaviour, particularly in regard to the opposition and fear of homosexuality. Moreover, they consent that there is a need to control female sexuality (Johnstone 40). A distinct and impassable boundary is necessary between the male and female.
The order in patriarchal families controls sexuality. Women are associated with particular roles. In Christian and Islamic writings, there is a concern that men might be led to become similar to women. Christian fundamentalists believe that authority and law are derived from God.
Therefore, the law of God is greater than the law formulated by man. All religious fundamentalists believe in the Holy book and a single sincere religion, which should be protected from any form of secularism and opposition. Considering that there is a single true way, it is always under constant threat. As such, religious fundamentalists have a keen interest in protecting their way of life.
Works Cited Johnstone, Ronald. Religion in Society: A Sociology of Religion. New York: Prentice Hall, 2004. Print.
Museum Gallery: “Madonna and Child with St. John” by Giovanni Bellini Essay argumentative essay help
Workshop of bellini: mother and child with st. John: example of the early venetian renaissance and foreshadowing of later renaissance naturalism.
The Indianapolis Museum of Art’s European Gallery is displaying a painting by the Venetian workshop of the Early Renaissance painter, Giovanni Bellini, titled Madonna and Child with St. John (Bellini). It shows an effort to personalize both the mother and the child that is characteristic of the Renaissance. However the background cherubs, wallpaper-style, hearken back to the formal and iconic style of the Medieval Period. Despite these leering faces, the work is a serene and loving portrayal of a mother and her infant, and his cousin.
The picture, painted somewhere around 1490, depicts the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, and St. John. All wear simple robes that were the artist’s idea of biblical apparel. The naked infant Jesus sits nearly upright on the mother’s lap, with her pinky finger pointing to his inguinal region . St. John stands to the mother’s right, with hands folded in prayer and adoration. This is all congruent with contemporary iconography, visible elsewhere in the European collection.
The faces are believable, although lacking in any imperfections. The body proportions are relatively realistic as well, unlike the elongated figures of the Gothic period. The cherubs are peculiar and so incongruent with the credible mother and child as to seem irrelevant. Those paintings attributed directly to him rather than to his workshop, for example in other collections, show even more individualization of faces (National Gallery of Art).
The painting is executed in both tempera and oil on a wooden board. Such boards would have been prepared with animal skin sizing (perhaps clippings from parchment), gesso (compounded from plaster of Paris and glue), and a mix of oil and resin. The paints were compounded of water, eggs, and mineral and other items of questionable toxicity, such as lead (Indianapolis Museum of Art).
Bellini began his career working in tempera, but his later work explored the color transparency offered by oils (Brittanica). The mix of these two media must have been challenging given the different drying properties of these two paints. The tempura often results in a brighter set of colors than oil, as is visible in other paintings of the medieval period and the early Renaissance
This work shows a careful use of initial drawing to create the detail of the faces , bodies, and draperies (Indianapolis Museum of Art). This is one use of line in this painting: to delineate the forms of the human and cherubic subjects. There is also the line created by the composition of the painting.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This consists of a slightly asymmetrical triangle, including the Madonna’s body with the head at the apex, the baby on her right knee, and St. John at the left lower edge. However, this asymmetry is balanced by the direction of Mary’s gaze, drawing the eye in the opposite direction.
There is no plausible space in the picture, although the implausible cherubs lean on believable clouds behind her. The colors are intense and the texture is uniformly smooth, with the skin of the baby duplicating the smoothness of the Madonna’s silky clothing. The composition, as noted above, is generally of a triangle, with the emphasis placed on the two children by putting them right next to one another.
There is unity of color intensity and value with no dramatic contrasts except the white headscarf. The figures are all in reasonable realistic proportion, although they fill the space overpoweringly. The repeating motif of weird cherubs adds its own rhythm. The simplicity of this painting differs from the more complex compositions and dramatic lighting of such later artists as Caravaggio.
The work is a representative example of the Early Renaissance trend towards naturalism, of which Bellini was an important part. The composition is straightforward, but unlike the stiff figures of prior centuries of religious art, the figures are believable. The slightly unbalanced triangular composition departs from the rigid symmetry of the Gothic style. Bellini’s workshop, mixing tempera and oils, thus shows the direction that Bellini would take in his later career and points towards the evolution of the Venetian Renaissance.
Works Cited Bellini, Workshop of Giovanni. Madonna and Child with St. John. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis. tempera and oil on wood. 2013. Web.
Brittanica. “Giovanni Bellini.” 2013. Brittanica. Web.
Bugiardini, Giuliano. Madonna and-Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis. oil on wood. 2013. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Museum Gallery: “Madonna and Child with St. John” by Giovanni Bellini specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Indianapolis Museum of Art. “Bellini: Creating and Recreating.” 2013. Indianapolis Museum of Art. Web.
National Gallery of Art. “Giovanni Bellini.” 2013. National Gallery of Art. Web.
Vall, Pere. St. Stephen and Mary Magdalene. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana. tempera and gold on wood. 2013. Web.
Footnotes Many of these were repainted much later than the original painting in an effort to cover damaged paint (Indianapolis Museum of Art).
According to the Christian gospel biblical account, this second, slightly older child was the son of Mary’s relative, Elizabeth. This John, grew up to become a preacher and was known as St. John the Baptizer (or John the Baptist).
This is perhaps intended to draw attention to the fact that Jesus could, if he wished as a later adult, engage in the sexual activity that the Roman Catholic Church has always identified with original sin, but chose instead to remain sinless, according to Roman Catholic dogma.
For example in the slightly later Bugliardini painting in oil on wood of the same subject (Bugiardini)
An example from the IMA would be the Pere Vall painting, St. Stephen and St. Mary Magdalene (Vall)
According to the IMA conservationists, the intense white of her head draperies arise from the lead in the paint (Indianapolis Museum of Art)
Comparsion Between the Hume and Collingwood Works Essay essay help online: essay help online
Hume argues that we study history in order to understand our origin and satisfy our human curiosities. He says “in an effort to make us bound to the truths we discover” (Hume, 1920, p.23). Hume further argues that the only way to understand human nature and to be contended with our roots is to know our history. It is for this reason that he introduces philosophy as a means of understanding human nature.
Hume classifies the different reasons for the study of history into various categories that he uses to explain the expected outcome of man in his quest for historical knowledge. He attributes the presence of different categories of philosophy to the advent and study of history. According to Hume, it is from history that different branches of philosophy emerge.
These are natural philosophy and philosophy that is totally dependent on human nature. He also argues that for one to fully understand the nature of human philosophy and natural philosophy, they should have an idea about their own origin (Hume, 1902).
Hume’s other argument consists in the fact that the study of history helps us achieve the basic understanding of where ideas originate from and why we possess some ideas and not others. Hume argues that for one to understand the origin of ideas, they should embrace their memories; it is in this premise that our history lies. History, according to Hume, is developed in a chronological manner and so is our ability to understand and associate ideas with their sequences (Hume, 1902).
The argument on the probability of certain events to occur is also backed up with the study of history. Hume argues that it is from history that we derive our experiences. He states that experiences are able to determine the probability of occurrence of certain events. In the next chapters, Hume underlines the importance of history in the field of applied epistemology and its links to human nature.
The similarity between Hume and Collingwood’s arguments on the reasons for the study of history is that they are unanimous about the fact that we study history in order to acquire knowledge, they also associate the process of acquiring knowledge as a journey that involves personal discoveries and requires a good understanding of our history.
However, the major difference between the works of Hume and Collingwood in tackling the relevance of history to our human nature is clearly seen in their arguments. Collingwood unlike Hume uses facts from history to relate the nature of man and to predict the future. He uses facts of events that have either occurred or have been mentioned in history to explain certain occurrences, while Hume in his arguments uses historical premises to prove his theories and explain their relevance to history (Collingwood, 1946).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, Hume’s arguments require a deeper understanding of philosophical premises to correctly comprehend their meaning. Collingwood uses an example of someone fearing to cross the mountains because there are wolves there. He says “someone fearing to cross the mountains is not suffering merely for the sins of his fathers who taught him to believe”, which is true since we are brought up and made to believe things that have been passed down from generations (Collingwood, 1946, p.4).
In conclusion, the relevance of history is demonstrated and proved to be critical in enabling us to understand ourselves and our own existence. Hume and Collingwood both argue and present us with the facts needed to understand the relevance of history to our existence.
References Hume, D. (1902). Enquiries Concerning the Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Moralsed. L. A. Selby-Bigge, M.A. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Collingwood, R.G (1946). The Idea of History Epilegomena: 6: History and Freedom. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Concepts of How the Blues Music Started In America Research Paper scholarship essay help
Introduction The history of blues as a genre of music in America can be traced back to the time when the first African slaves were brought to the United States in 1619 to when the last slaves were brought in 1807. It is believed that some of the captains who were on-board the ships that were used for transporting the slaves to America used to force new slaves to sing on the deck as they considered this to be a way of prolonging their lives. Tied with chains on their hands and legs, the slaves had to sing and dance and those who did not dance were whipped.
Since these slaves were not allowed to bring musical instruments from Africa, the kind of music they sung was purely vocal. During the slave trade period, playing of drums by slaves was not allowed by their masters. However, there are instances when slaves played the banjo and the fiddle in the 18th century. As research findings show, slaves actually played the banjo as early as 1690, a norm that became more pronounced in the 18th century (Weissman 6-10 and Oring 224-233).
Although all these is known, sometimes attempting to pinpoint the exact time when blues as a genre of music was started in the world is a difficult task, because there are chances that this kind of music was enjoyed in other communities before the slave trade period. Therefore, from research all that is clearly known is that, whenever new slaves were brought to America, they always had an influence on the already existing slaves who had developed a kind of musical fusion.
History of Blues During the slave trade period, slaves were encouraged to attend church; whereby, the experiences they went through, which included the prospects of leaving bondage and being free was always in their minds, leading to the creation of a kind of music that was commonly referred to as African-American spiritual.
This kind of music was the first to be accepted in the United States by African-Americans (Weissman 10). As a result of the fame that this kind of music received with time, in 1867, the first set of the slaves’ songs was published. Although most of the songs that were published had religious themes, majority of them had hidden meanings; hence, in most cases, they were interpreted wrongly by people who were not slaves.
Some of these songs incorporated the plight of slavery and others went as far as informing slaves how they could escape from the plantations. As time went by, other forms of songs emerged in plantations where the slaves worked. For example, slaves started singing secular songs like the holler, work groups, and the ring’s shouts (Weissman 11).
As research studies show, the first true recording of blues was done in the 1920s, and it is thought to have originated from the period slightly after the Civil War of between 1890 and1920. This period was referred as the repressive period since after the civil war, slave trade was abolished and some African-Americans were given the opportunity of owning land under certain conditions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In most cases, it is believed that, blues played a role in enlightening slaves about their rights and the kind of suffering and life experiences that they had to endure for them to succeed. Slaves who chose the travelling minstrel got a chance of dancing the whole night, and singing various blues, which were melodic (Weissman 19-31).
Types of blues As a result of lack of interest in black music during the late 19th century, there is no evidence of any recording that was done during this period; hence, a lot is still unknown about the kind of music, which was actually played before the 1920s. However, a compilation of music researched and written by Howard Odum, classified blues into three categories using the people who sang them.
For example, there was the songster, who he classified as a blues musician, the musicianer who had basic experience of musical instruments, and lastly the musician physicianer, who he categorised as travelling blues singers. Many believed the songsters were the link between the earlier music that was played by the slaves and blues. Presently, blues can be categorised into four groups, namely the Chicago blues, Delta blues, Texas blues, and finally the Blue rocks. (Odum 255-294)
The Migration of Blue through Years Emergence of Blues and Migration of Blues’ Players to Chicago
Blues gained popularity in 1920s and managed to be an America’s popular form of music. During this era, blues evolved from the informal places that it was played at night into theatres, which were more appropriate.
Due to its rising popularity, several recording studios such as Paramount and American Record Corporation started to show interest in this kind of music, leading to later recording of African-American music. As the industry grew, singers adopted and improvised a different and unique way of playing blues. The most common singers at the time were the Delta blues who had emerged with a blend of the old slave style music composition that incorporated the use of the guitar.
Between 1920 and 1930, the Memphis blue was established as a new genre of blues. This music became famous because it incorporated the use of the virtuoso guitar flair. Later in the early 1940s, there was a mass migration of blues’ players from Memphis to Chicago and this meant that they had to adjust their music for it to be appealing to a greater audience, since this was relatively a new singing environment. As a result of these adjustments, their music ended up being more organized and their performance level was elevated.
Singers such as Mamie Smith and Bessie Smith were some of the female singers who were very popular during this era and their fame enabled them to sell thousands of copies of their music anytime they produced new music. In 1925, sensational singers such as the Mills brothers learnt to mimic instruments with their vocals and as a result grew to become some of the most famous singers (Weissman 73-86).
We will write a custom Research Paper on Concepts of How the Blues Music Started In America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Urban blues
The evolution of urban blues took place as a result of economic developments that had taken place, because of the migration of African-American from the rural area to cities. This migration created a better market for blues as it later on contributed to the expanding of blues to other parts of the world.
For example, in order for the then existing production companies to thrive in the music industry, they had to change their names to accommodate new developments. On the other hand, with the shift in the blues industry, industry leaders created a chart for rhythms and blue, and a new technology to amp musical sounds and streamline blues’ beats was adopted.
This development led to the emergence of the R
Utilitarianism Theory Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Utilitarianism theory argues that the consequence of an action determines whether that particular action is morally right or wrong. Philosophers behind this theory include Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, R.M. Hare and Peter Singer. All these philosophers evaluate morality of actions depending on overall happiness or well-being. Thus, they see utilitarianism as a consequentialist ethic.
Consequentialist ethics holds that in determining whether an act, policy, rule or motive is morally right, we should check whether it has good consequences for all affected persons. Rather than asking if an action has good consequences for a person, we should just inquire whether that action adds to the person’s happiness.
Therefore, utilitarianism is an ethical theory that centers on happiness, not just the happiness of one person, but happiness of many people. Thus, the greatest happiness principle is synonymous with the principle of utility. The principle of greatest happiness states that a person should do things that will have the most happiness for all involved persons.
Critics of utilitarian ethics argue that because utilitarianism emphasizes on results, utilitarian theorists should agree that the theory of ethical relativism solves the problem of relativism. These critics claim that since utilitarian theorists argue that morality of an action depends on what the product of the action will take to all affected persons, then almost every action is moral. That is to say, utilitarianism is a consequentialistic ethic and thus, we cannot know whether an action is immoral until we see its bad consequences.
Given that, utilitarian ethics in some ways holds morality of an action hostage to the result, morality of the action appears relative. However, we refute ethical relativism since utilitarian ethics is a type of universalism, given its grounds in trust in universal human nature. Utilitarian theorists say that all people have altruistic and egoistic elements, and all people seek to evade pain and augment pleasure. Then, instead of ethical relativism, they support a liberal ethics that acknowledges there are universal principles and values.
The utilitarian perspective that ethics is more inclined to our feelings and not our rationality may seem to give evidence that utilitarianism is a type of relativism. Obviously, people have different outlooks about different matters. However, description of ethics may not always be from this perspective. Think about a cruel act such as premeditated murder.
How comes that this act immoral? Is it due to societal, divine, or natural laws? The truth is that human beings cannot make the moral judgment that premeditated murder is immoral until they experience negative sentiments about such acts. If there are human beings who do not get negative sentiments after reflecting on the idea of premeditated murder, or other monstrous acts, it is because those persons have something wrong with them and thus, cannot feel others pain.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Desensitization is the contemporary psychological word that describes why some people may not have feeling for the pain of others. People become desensitized making them not feel others pain. This psychological thought matches perfectly well with the utilitarian idea of sentience. However, human nature is universal and a universal ethics rests upon nothing more than human sentiments.
At the center of the utilitarian argument that shifts from the concern we physically have for our personal feelings of pain and pleasure, to others feelings of pain and pleasure, is the belief that this is the nature of human beings. When we hear about calamities happening to others, we may find ourselves flinching or grimacing. However, to go from a claim about our human nature to a moral claim that we ought to do this, and it is correct that we do this, and wrong when we fail to do this, includes an extra step in the argument.
The crucial step is to ask ourselves whether there is actually a difference between our pains and joys and other peoples’ pains and joys. This, for instance, is a problem to any racist. If dissimilar races experience equal pleasures and pains, then how come one race sees itself as superior to another race? If there is actually no difference between our pains and pleasures with others pains and pleasures, then we ought to, just due to consistency, view their suffering as just as significant as ours.
This is the heart of the justification of the theory of utility; we should do what will have the best outcomes for all persons involved, not only for ourselves, since there actually is no significant difference involving our welfare and other people’s welfare.
It is clear that equality is a main concept involved in this reasoning. A different way to portray the central utilitarian concept is just to say humans are equal; your pain or happiness is equal to another person’s anguish or happiness. However, another person’s happiness, well-being, suffering, pleasure and pain are not more crucial than yours. Hence, considering ethics along utilitarian line takes us from egoism through altruism to equality.
Other critics of utilitarianism argue that it is difficult and impossible to apply its principles. Those that hold that it is difficult to apply utilitarian principles argue that calculating the outcomes for all persons is impractical due to uncertainty and the big number involved. The truth, however, is that utilitarianism offers a clear way of determining whether an action is moral or not, and this does not involve calculations.
As mentioned earlier, a morally right action should have pleasurable consequences. Therefore, a person who says that it is difficult to apply this theory should support his/her claims with examples of actions that produce pleasurable outcomes, but are wrong. Therefore, the argument that it is difficult to calculate what is right does not hold any water, since it has no harm to the principle of utility. Rather, this is a problem of the human condition.
We will write a custom Essay on Utilitarianism Theory specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other critics that oppose the application of utilitarian principles argue that it is not possible to gauge or quantify happiness and there is no defined method of weighing happiness against suffering. However, the truth is that happiness is measurable and comparable through words like happier and happiest. If it were not measurable, then these words would have little meaning.
In conclusion, the theory of utilitarianism is sound, logical and consistent. Utilitarian ethics follow the law of greatest happiness. According to this law, human beings seek to decrease suffering and maximize happiness. Hence, an action that is correct morally must lead to the greatest possible pleasure. This also implies that actions that cause pain on human beings are morally wrong. As seen in the arguments above, this theory is beyond reproach, as it caters for all possible objections.
The Peace Pipe and Mi’kmaq Research Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Introduction Religion and spirituality are aspects of human culture that have existed for many years. Native cultures, such as the Mi’kmaq culture have a rich spiritual history from where one can learn interesting elements that transcend traditional and modern religions (Marshall 58). This particular paper explores exciting material culture aspects among the Mi’kmaq natives-the peace pipe.
Here, areas covered include a physical description of the peace pipe, its application and meaning, as well as associated rituals among other aspects (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1). Without doubt, the peace pipe is an important material culture artifact that reveals many spirituals beliefs about nature, balance, and the general life of the Mi’kmaq people.
Background Information The cultural history of the Mi’kmaq people dates as back as twenty generations ago (Alfred 6). The Mi’kmaq people are known for their rich cultural history which was faithfully transferred to oncoming generations through oral tradition (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1). Some of the Mi’kmaq aspects on spirituality compare well with some modern religious practices today (Marshall 58).
For example, the Mi’kmaq believed that there lives a supernatural being that created all things present in our universe today. However, some aspects of their (Mi’kmaq) religion (despite deriving them from common religious practices today) are unique and different from common religious beliefs in our world today (Alfred 20).
Believing that there exists a supernatural being that created all things in the universe, the Mi’kmaq people made a number of efforts to acknowledge, worship and revere the supernatural being (Marshall 58). The Mi’kmaq people believed that paying respect to all the elements of the universe was paying reverence and respect to the supernatural being (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1).
Such a direction did not prevent the Mi’kmaq people from using their environment and nature to meet their needs. Instead, the Mi’kmaq used several ways to pay respect to their creator while using their environment (Marshall 58).
Anytime the Mi’kmaq people used any part of the environment for their benefit, they conducted special rituals, paid thanks to their creator and showed respect to what they had used (as part of the ways used to respect their creator) (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 2). Importantly, the Mi’kmaq believed that nothing in the universe existed in isolation; rather, everything is intertwined and depends on other parts of nature for sustenance.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Importantly, everything in the universe, including living and non living things, has an associated spirit (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 2). Therefore, the Mi’kmaq people believe that it is important to remain in a state of harmony with the spirits associated with all the elements of the environment for sustenance and peace (Marshall 60). Man can engage in several activities and rituals to attain a state of harmony with his environment (Alfred 20).
Thus, the Mi’kmaq people practiced several material cultures for the purposes of attaining balance and peaceful existence with their environment. Here, one of the important material cultures found among the Mi’kmaq people is the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). As it will become clear, the peace pipe is an important artifact that integrates spiritual beliefs found among the Mi’kmaq people (Marshall, 56).
Origin and Description of the Peace Pipe
Also known as the sacred pipe, the peace pipe ranks among the most important spiritual artifacts among the Mi’kmaq people. One can use the peace pipe to thank the spirits and request for any need that he has (Marshall 60). The peace pipe is simply an assembly of two components: the stem and the bowl (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3).
When its two basic components are connected, the peace pipe can serve as a tool for smoking special types of prepared herbs (Alfred 42). The stone is the main material that is used to mould the bowl. On the other hand, wood is used to construct the stem (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3).
Interestingly, the Mi’kmaq people do not think that it is necessary to add any decorations to the peace pipe since such a move does not make the peace pipe more powerful. It is also important to note that the Mi’kmaq do not use the peace pipe to smoke common drugs like bhang since such an action is disrespectful to the spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
The Mi’kmaq legend has it that the white buffalo calf woman gave the peace pipe to the Mi’kmaq people about 2000 years ago (Alfred 24). At this time, the Mi’kmaq elders were gathered in a council meeting to discuss the challenges that were facing their community. Here, the Mi’kmaq community was facing starvation due to a prolonged drought and unsuccessful hunting expeditions (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
It is at this time that the white buffalo calf woman came and gave this important tool to the Mi’kmaq people to be used for purposes of obtaining balance with nature and for praying to the spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4). The white buffalo calf woman gave the Mi’kmaq people all the details required for the design and construction of the peace pipe (Marshall 62). Besides, she also gave the Mi’kmaq council instructions on how they were to use the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Peace Pipe and Mi’kmaq specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Mi’kmaq people could now use the peace pipe to pray to the spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4). When the Mi’kmaq prayed to the calf woman to convert herself into a buffalo, their prayer was answered and they had plenty of meat to eat (Alfred 20). From that time onwards, the Mi’kmaq people use the peace pipe as a sacred object (that they use to pray to the spirits) (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
Types of Peace Pipe Users
One can classify the types of peace pipe users into two different categories: a personal user and a community carrier. Thus, any individual can obtain a personal peace pipe, which he can use to make personal prayers to the spirits. However, the Mi’kmaq culture does not allow individuals to share the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
On the other hand, a special individual can obtain a peace pipe, which he can use for asking the spirits to meet the needs of his community (Alfred 18). Apart from using the peace pipe to ask the spirits to meet the needs of his community, a community peace pipe carrier can use the peace pipe to ask the spirits to assemble for a special gathering or even for healing purposes.
Importantly, the Mi’kmaq people believe that there are only a handful of privileged society members who can carry the peace pipe on behalf of their community (Alfred 16). Therefore, it is not everybody who can carry a peace pipe on behalf of his community. The spirits give this special task to a person before he is born (for him to take the task of carrying the peace pipe on behalf of his community (Marshall 56).
What the Pipe Represents
The peace pipe integrates the beliefs of the Mi’kmaq people about the world, the spirits, nature, and the supernatural powers. The Mi’kmaq people believed that every material found within the universe had an associated spirit (Alfred 20). Besides, nothing in the universe exists in isolation but in a state of balance with the rest of the universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). The peace pipe consists of two distinct, but connected elements: the pipe and the bowl (Marshall 67).
The bowl is molded from stone (Marshall 62). Since it is made from an inorganic material, the bowl represents the spirits of non living things (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). On the other hand, the stem (obtained from trees, which are living things) represents the spirits of living things. Also, the stem represents the male elements of our universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). Likewise, the bowl represents the female elements of our universe.
Thus, connecting the bowl and stem represents joining the male and female elements of the universe; hence, attaining the states of peace, harmony and balance in the universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). Every peace pipe must posses the symbolism described above (Alfred 8). However, some peace pipes may have special decorations, as well as additional elements (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Such decorations and elements serve the purposes of reinforcing additional symbols to the peace pipe.
The Peace Pipe Ritual
So as to use the peace pipe to present prayers to spirits correctly, it is important to conduct a peace pipe ceremony in a manner that would place the community in the right perspective with prayers (Marshall 67). Thus, peace pipe ceremony participants must ensure that they make all observations required to bring their minds into a state of communicating with the spirits (Marshall 67).
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Peace Pipe and Mi’kmaq by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More To put one’s mind into the rights state of prayer to the spirits, one needs to be aware that he is participating in a very important sacred moment during the peace pipe ceremony (Alfred 16). Besides, one needs to follow a special procedure while receiving the peace pipe during the ceremony (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Here, one must use his right hand to receive the stem of the peace pipe and his left hand to receive the bowl of the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
Loaders of the peace pipe must also follow a special procedure to fill the peace pipe. The purpose of these four steps is to show respects to the spirits of the four directions (east, west, north and south) (Alfred 17). For each of the four steps, one should conduct a set of rituals (Marshall 67). First, one should give some amount of tobacco to the spirit of the direction that applies. One should then call the spirit of the direction that applies and ask that spirit to hear his prayers (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5).
Once one has completed rituals for a given direction, he places a small amount of tobacco in the bowl, points in the next direction, and repeats the procedure above for the spirit of the new direction (Marshall 67). A convenient way of lighting the peace pipe is to use sacred fire. Here, one should use a twig or a small bundle of sweet grass to transfer light from the sacred fire to the peace pipe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 4).
In addition, it is also important to follow the four-step ritual while smoking the peace pipe. Here, one recognizes the presence of the four spirits (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 2). While focusing his mind on the four spirits, one should release the smoke to rise towards the sky (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). At this particular stage, one can guide the smoke to pass over his head. While in the spacing between any two directions, one should rotate the stem of the peace pipe clockwise to show respect to the four directions (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5).
One finishes the special ritual of the peace pipe when all the tobacco in the bowl is consumed. At this particular stage, it is important for one to alert the spirits that he has finished the ritual. Separating the stem from the bowl alerts the spirits that the ritual is finished. (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5)
Once the stem and the bowl are separated, the next stage is to empty consumed contents in the bowl (Marshall 67). While emptying the bowl of the peace pipe, it is important for one to dispose the contents in a respectful manner (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5).
For example, one can empty the consumed contents of the peace pipe in the spiritual fire or even around the roots of sacred trees (Alfred 15). While acknowledging that the spirits responded to all the prayers offered during the peace pipe ritual, one should carefully place the components of the peace pipe under a special wrap (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Here, one should thank the spirits for responding to the requests offered during the peace pipe ceremony.
A participant in a peace pipe ceremony could be offered a peace pipe during the ritual (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 5). Here, one should accept the peace pipe with his right hand touching the stem while his left hand touching the bowl (Alfred 8).
After smoking the pipe, one should turn the stem of the peace pipe in a clockwise direction before offering it (stem first) to the next participant (Marshall 67). In case one does not feel comfortable smoking the peace pipe, he can touch his shoulder with the stem of the pipe before passing it to the next participant (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 6).
Conclusion Without doubt, Religion and spirituality are aspects of human culture that have existed for many years. Native cultures, such as the Mi’kmaq culture have a rich spiritual history from where modern people can learn interesting elements that transcend traditional and modern religions.
The Mi’kmaq people are known for their rich cultural history which was faithfully transferred to oncoming generations through oral tradition (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 1). The Mi’kmaq people believed that every material found within the universe had an associated spirit (Alfred 20).
Besides, nothing in the universe exists in isolation but in a state of balance with the rest of the universe (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). As an assemblage of two components (the stem and the bowl), the peace pipe has a great symbolic significance that represents the spiritual beliefs of the Mi’kmaq people (“Mi’kmaw Spirituality” par. 3). With its symbolic significance, the peace pipe was an important artifact used to offer prayers to the spirits
Works Cited Alfred, Lowe. Warrior Societies in Contemporary Indigenous Communities. New York: McMillan, 2006. Print
Marshall, Murdena. Lessons of the Life Cycle. New York: Breton University Press, 2004. Print
Mi’kmaw Spirituality 2013. Web.
Movie Review: The Graduate by Mike Nichols Analytical Essay college essay help near me
The movie The Graduate directed by Mike Nichols is a story of a young man called Benjamin Braddock who returns the house of his parents after graduation from the university. The main character has no definite plans regarding his career or personal life. He starts an affair with Mrs. Robinson who is wife of his father’s partner.
Yet, later this character falls in love with her daughter, Elaine. Overall, this film is about the individual who strives to discover his identity. This opening credit sequence of this film is supposed to show the sense of insecurity and uncertainty that this person experiences, and this goal is achieved with the help of different formal elements such as mise-en-scène, cinematography, sound, and editing. This argument should be discussed in more detail.
The first part of this sequence starts with a close eye-level shot of the protagonist. A few seconds later the camera moves backward and the viewers can see that the main character is on the airplane. This shot includes diegetic or identifiable sounds. For instance, one can mention the voice of the flight attendant.
This element is necessary because in this way the authors can tell the viewers about the destination at which the main character arrives. Additionally, the close-up shot is important because the film-makers want to show the main character stares blankly into space. He looks like a person who is deeply obsessed with some question or dilemma that he cannot resolve. This is one of the details that should not be overlooked.
During the second shot of the sequence, the viewers can see Benjamin Braddock moving on an up escalator. It should be mentioned that the camera operator takes a medium-distance dolly shot. The use of this technique helps the audience see the facial expression of the main character, and one can see that he feels very strained.
This is main impression that he can produce on the onlooker. Yet, the most important element of this shot is the sound track. In particular, one can speak about the song called The Sound of Silence. To a great extent, it greatly helps the film-makers to render the feeling of insecurity that the protagonist tries to overcome. The music and the lyrics are vital understand the behavior of Benjamin Braddock and his interactions with other people.
The subsequent shots include dolly shots taken from various distances. Benjamin Braddock takes his suitcase and leaves the airport. The final scene of this sequence consists of the close-up shot of the protagonist who is sitting on his sofa. Again, Benjamin Braddock looks like a person who does not want to be disturbed by anyone. Additionally, the authors prefer such an editing technique as cut which means that shots instantly replace each another. This technique is important for making a movie more dynamic.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More On the whole, the opening credit sequence set the stage for the other events described in the movie. This part of the movie should not be overlooked because it throws some light on the protagonist and his lack of confidence. Certainly, the viewers can learn more about Benjamin Braddock only by watching the entire film. However, the beginning of this movie is very informative. Additionally, this sequence can throw some light on the cinematographic techniques used by the writer. These are the main aspects that can be identified.
Robert Frost’s Fear Poetry Essay scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Robert Frost had it tough growing up and during his adulthood it did not get any easier. Frost wrote poetry relating to his rather challenging life experiences because he used it as a coping mechanism. Fear and anxiety were common images in his writing which is why his poetry explicitly depicts his true inner self.
He vented out his anger through writing and this made his works appeal passionately to his readers. This influenced his writing and was a means of escape. He was not mentally ill as some people argue. Frost “knew himself”, that is why he was able to control his fears and balance the tension between the inner and outer self-forces.
The “knowing” and not “knowing himself” are statements of disagreement with the world. In Sheehy’s article, Lawrence Thompson notes that the ultimate problem of Frost biographer is to see if the biographer can be enough of a psychologist to get far enough back into the formative years of Robert Frost and to try to realize and clarify what forces were functioning, back there, to produce the curious forms of fixation which Robert Frost had to fight with of all through his life (Sheehy 393).
This challenge of having to delve into Frost’s background from a psychological perspective to explain whether or not he “knew himself” works to justify the view that he was not mentally ill.
Lisa Hinrichsen agreed with Thompson in accepting the idea of frost neurotic behavior. She includes a psychological analysis of Sigmund Freud in her article (Hinrichsen 42). Based on Freud’s psychoanalytic approach to fear and anxiety, the latter is used in Frost’s poetry in conjunction with conditions created in his poetry that reflect anxiety irrespective of any objective, while fear is fundamentally focused toward an object.
The Freudian theory helps us understand Frost more from a psychological standpoint. Hinrichsen develops her argument referring to Freud who gives anxiety to be associated with a “disruptive, uncontrollable character” and explains that it generates a feeling of “uncomfortable helplessness.” (Hinrichsen 48).
Hinrichsen claims that the anxiety of Frost’s poetry could be formed with the presence of conscious and unconscious fears. “Many of Frost’s poems are clearly self-consciously controlled spaced filled with boundaries, walls, doors, and frames that define spatial confines and carefully scaled scenes” (Hinrichsen 48). That Frost was more focused on expressing himself in relation to his experiences rather than making a blunt reference to remote life issues is clearly depicted in his works, as illustrated by Hinriechsen.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Frost constantly sets restrictions for himself in his poetry. Mental illness, which ran so commonly in this poet’s family, may become a serious reason for these fears. Enduring so much loss and suffering for years, Frost could be afraid to become mad himself and sets boundaries for his own emotions and imagination; though, this attempt to guard his inners self could be quite an insensible effort.
Frost’s plan was to put fear in his mind. His inner and outer forces are used here in the sense of “Tree at my Window.” In this poem, Frost illustrates two distinctive forms of self, which influence his being. He employs the imagery of the tree as the outer, and the speaker the inner.
While Hinrichsen and Eben Bass share the same ideas on inner and outer forces, Hinrichsen argues that the fear Frost has comes from anxiety within the poet. She expounds that the voice of fretfulness talks as a form of motion or flight in his poems. Bass focuses on fear, which comes from an outside object, just like the main image in Frost’s poems.
He explains nature’s risk and how it creates fear in the poems’ speakers. Both nature and feeling are associated with what Eben Bass refers to as the “outer,” which can be a physical thing, for example the desert in “Desert Places”, birches in “Birches” and window in the “Tree at My Window” which are normally used as physical or figurative obstacles between outer and inner; between fear and safety.
The “outer” is attributed to vulnerability, nature and improbability as opposed to the “inner” which is characterized by tranquility and peace. He claims that Frost’s poesy is characterized by competition stuck between the inner and the outer, but Frost was able to control this tension and cope with the stress creating a balance between his inner and outer forces.
Bass did not mention in his argument about Frost being neurotic. To Bass, Frost “knew himself” to a point that made him able to control his fear and create a balance between his inner and outer forces. This self- knowledge by Frost attests to the sincerity of his fears and anxiety and to the reality of similar feelings to the average reader whose poetry appeals to, teaches and admonishes.
Some fears are normal and positive to each other and everyone has some fears sometimes, stated Mary Reufle in her article “On Fear.” She describes the fear as normal and positive thing to each one, especially the poet. Reufle sees fear as an advantage to the poet.
We will write a custom Essay on Robert Frost’s Fear Poetry specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Eben (34), if one bends over their page and does not suddenly tremble with fear and throw away their pen, then their writing would have little value. In a sense, you have to have some level of fear and tension in order to engage the reader.
In Sheehy’s article, she quotes Lawrence Thompson who talks about the same idea that Bass talks about in the balance between inner and outer self that Frost has.
Thompson says, “I do not see any reason for even bothering to use the word neurotic. “The boundary line between the healthy individual and the neurotic individual is too constantly fluctuating” said Thompson, “we all cross that line into the neurotic realms, quite often. The only question is whether we are able to get back and recognize where we’ve been” (Sheehy 394). Frost was able to control his fear and use it as a strength through expression.
Thompson thus dispels the claim that Frost was of ill mental health, and in so doing, justifies the consciousness with which Frost expressed his inner state of being, which appeals equally to his readers inner beings as a requirement for the accurate interpretation, and subsequently, the success of his poetry. Thompson’s assertion that being healthy and being neurotic could be a state of health of all humans further nullifies the neurotic claim against Frost.
Does Frost “know himself”? Is it still a big question? Horney says, “It is a question of knowing ourselves well enough to recognize as aberration as such.” Horney in her introduction had emphasized the significance of self-knowledge in the process of outgrowing a childhood obsession with self and moving toward a healthy self-realization.
Thompson, at this point, is still uncertain about how well Frost “knew himself,” whether his deceptions were truly self-deceptive to the extent that Frost could not recognize the actual from the idealized. Even as his conviction about Frost’s neurosis grew and his will to diagnose strengthened, however, Thompson remained reluctant to adopt the term “neurotic. Robert Frost “knew this is how he needed to write in order to cope.
Even if Frost was neurotic or not, anxious or not, he still “knew himself”. Frost was not weak or lost which gives us the idea that there is a connection between his inner and outer self; Frost was not only able to leave this connection between the two forces, but also he kept the tension neutral between the two forces.
Frost knew that false control strengthens the wall of separation so he tried hard to eliminate this wall by contacting deeper and vaster faculties to activate him even while the wall was still present. Beside that, Frost was not able to let his inner control his outer, but he was able to keep the balance between the two forces.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Robert Frost’s Fear Poetry by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Socrates once said, “May I have beauty in my inward soul, and may the outer and the inner be as one.” Frost was not able to make his outer and inner as one, but he was clever enough to use his ability of controlling his fear and balancing the tension between the inner and outer forces to benefit the reader and himself.
Works Cited Bass, Eben. “Frost’s Poetry of Fear.” American Literature 43.4 (1972): 603. Academic Search Complete. Web.
Freud, Sigmund. A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis; Trans. by G. Stanley Hall. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1920; Bartleby.com, 2010.
Hinrichsen, Lisa. “A Defensive Eye: Anxiety, Fear and Form In The Poetry Of Robert Frost.” Journal of Modern Literature 31.3 (2008): 44-57. Academic Search Complete. Web.
Ruefle, Mary. “On Fear.” Poetry 200.3 (2012): 275-290. Academic Search Complete. Web.
Sheehy, Donald G. “The Poet As Neurotic: The Official Biography Of Robert Frost.” American Literature 58.3 (1986): 393. Academic Search Complete. Web.
The Summary of Two Chapters from Amusing Ourselves to Death by Neil Postman Essay college admissions essay help
Neil Postman’s book Amusing Ourselves to Death is an important book that explores the effects of mass media on modern culture. This paper is aimed at summarizing the first two chapters of this book, namely The Medium is the Metaphor and Media as Epistemology.
Overall, in these section of his work, the author argues that the growing importance of television influence the content of modern of culture and change the way in which people acquire knowledge about themselves and the world. In particular, the trend which has been identified by the author can result in the situation when individuals will not be able to analyze information from a critical standpoint. This is the main argument that can be put forward.
In the first chapter The Medium is the Metaphor, Neil Postman speaks about the declining importance of printed media on the public opinion and the rise of television as the main medium that shapes attitudes, values, opinions, and behavioral norms of individuals and groups. The most important argument made by the writer is that this shift changes the content of culture in part because printed media and television can present information in different ways.
This is one of the reasons why the content of culture is “most suitable to television” (Postman 8). The main effect of this change is that people can change the way in which they think. For instance, they can be accustomed to more simplified presentation of information which does not require significant mental effort. These are the main issues that Neil Postman explores in the first chapter of the book.
In turn, the second chapter Media as Epistemology the author argues that mass media shape the way in which individuals acquire knowledge and assess the information. In the author’s opinion, the printed media prompted people to do a more rigorous evaluation of the information. Moreover, the author had to present a coherent and logical discourse in order to justify his/her arguments. In contrast, this discourse cannot always be found in the messages offered by the television.
It should be kept in mind that the television can make a person less critical in his/her assessment of data. Apart from that, Neil Postman refers to the famous argument according to which “seeing is believing” (Postman 24). This means that people are often uncritical in the assessment of evidence. Therefore, many individuals can come to the belief that the information offered by television is the most reliable one.
Certainly, some of the claims that the writer makes can be questioned. In particular, one should not suppose that the rise of television inevitably marginalizes printed media. Such an assumption seems to be too exaggerated. In the first two chapters, the writer does not say that printed media are of little importance nowadays. Nevertheless, he insists on the idea that the transformation technology and the advent of new media can transform many aspects of contemporary culture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More So, it is possible to say that in the first two chapters of his book, Neil Postman raises several important questions about the role of mass media in modern society. The author shows that the growing importance of television can influence many aspects of modern culture. In particular, it can lead to the situation when individuals and groups will acquire knowledge in a less critical way. Moreover, the content of culture can be altered so that it could meet the format of the media.
Works Cited Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business, New York: Penguin Books, 2005. Print.
Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace Research Paper essay help
Professional’s Women’s Clothing and Accessories for Interviews in America Wearing the right accessories to an interview is an important part of making the right impression in an interview. The importance of wearing the right accessory is especially important for women. Experts say that female accessories differ from “normal” wear because few accessories make a better impression of the interviewee.
Similarly, experts say it is incorrect for female interviewees to wear too many accessories because wearing too many accessories does not create a humble impression of their personalities. Similarly, it is crucial for women to wear accessories that complement their clothing, as opposed to overwhelming it.
Concerning jewelry, some experts say women should refrain from wearing a dangling jewelry (like dangling earrings) in an interview. Similarly, women should not wear many bracelets in an interview. Women should also conceal tattoos and piercings because they are inappropriate for interviews.
Therefore, depending on where interviewees have their tattoo, it is advisable for women to consider covering it for the duration of the interview. Experts also advise that wearing hats in interviews is disrespectful to the interviewers because it is unprofessional for first time interviewees to wear hats. This requirement applies to any type of interview. Relatively, women should not wear hooded jackets, or informal clothing such as sweat pants because they have hats or extensions on their fabric.
Women should also refrain from wearing extensively high-heeled shoes in interviews because it is inappropriate for fist time interviewees to wear such shoes in their first appearance at interviews. Since making a good impression in an interview is very important to the interviewee, women should also refrain from wearing platform shoes.
Instead, closed-toe pumps are appropriate for interviews. A neutral color is most desirable. If a woman wears an outfit that has a provision for a belt, she should have a matching belt. Alternatively, the belt could match any other accessory that the woman wears (such as a bag or a pair of shoes).
When it comes to hair and makeup, professionals advise women to have simple hairdos and wear minimal makeup to exude humility during the interview. Here, women should always be subtle with their hairstyles and avoid excessive makeup on their hair as well.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Simplicity is therefore important in wearing the right hairstyles because scrunches and big hair clips are undesirable for interviews. The same assumption is true for nail polish because long and brightly colored nails are undesirable for interviews. In fact, the interviewer should not notice a woman’s nail color. The failure to accessorize correctly may manifest in a woman showing up to an interview in a bright red dress, with matching nail polish and shoes.
Broadly, it is important to maintain a conservative look always. Women should also wear minimal shades of cologne because wearing strong colognes may irritate some interviewers. Indeed, while one’s cologne may seem desirable to the interviewee, it may remind the interviewer of an ex-husband or ex-wife. It is therefore crucial to ensure that subliminal negative attitudes do not creep in the interview and ruin the chances of bagging a job. Here, wearing no cologne, or perfume, at all (or conservatively wearing the same) is most desirable.
Finally, a woman’s purse is a great accessory for an ordinary day. However, in interviews, many rules apply when accessorizing a woman’s attire. While it may be useful to store resumes and other documents in the purse, it is crucial to wear sizeable bags with a neutral color.
Excessively big handbags and brightly colored purses are undesirable for interviews. Comprehensively, women should strive to ensure they make a positive impression in the interview room and refrain from letting the interviewers make a wrong impression of them (based on their dressing styles and accessories).
Professional Men’s clothing and Accessories for Interviews in America The rules for appropriate dressing in interviews are more lenient for men than women. Indeed, while women may have a difficult time choosing the right attire from a selection of clothing styles, men are usually appropriately dressed when they have a suit. In a professional business interview, men should wear a fitting suit.
The importance of a fitting suit cannot be overemphasized. For example, dress pants should be fitting (with the length of the dress pant ending an inch above the sole of the shoe). Similarly, the shoulders of a coat should not be boxy, or stretch beyond the real length of the wearer’s shoulder. Besides making a good impression, wearing a tailored suit gives the interviewee a competent and mature look.
Like women accessories, conservative dressing is an important part of male interview attire. For example, dressing in a conservative or subtle color is an important part of appropriate interview dressing. Similarly, it is important for such colors to complement the suit. In other words, the colors should look like they match the suit.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, it is not advisable to wear bright pink ties and similar formal wear for interviews. However, the addition of patterns to the formal wear may be justified when an interviewee wears a plain shirt. Nonetheless, it is important that this addition is tasteful. The color of the belt should also match the shoe color, but when an interviewee is in doubt, it is always safe to wear a black belt and a black pair of shoes.
Since having a tie is an important formal accessory for men, it is equally crucial to understand the best knot to have on the tie. Men may choose a variety of knots, depending on their body types. For example, men with relatively long necks may find a full Windsor knot to be the most appropriate wear. This is because the knot makes the neck look shorter because of its expansive width. Conversely, a narrower Windsor knot is appropriate for men who have short necks because the knot makes short necks look longer.
Concerning accessories, French cuff shirts and cufflinks are unnecessary in an interview setting. The reason advanced for their inappropriateness stems from the fact that they are “a little fancy” for a first time interview. However, it is right to wear a fancy watch and possibly a fancy looking pen.
Relatively, men should refrain from wearing jewelry to an interview. However, as noted above, exceptions exist for watches and (possibly) wedding bands. Male interviewees are also discouraged from wearing white socks to an interview. The most appropriate style is to wear socks that match the color of the pants. The socks should also be high enough to conceal the legs, even if the interviewee sits. It is not always appropriate to show the leg skin.
Finally, concerning facial hair, it is not mandatory for men to shave all their facial hair, but the existence of facial hair should demonstrate that the person maintains it well. The bottom-line of male dressing and clothing in America rests in demonstrating professionalism and neatness. This way, it will be easier for the interviewers to remember the interviewee (based on their talk and not their attire).
Casual or Relaxed Clothing and Accessories in the American Workplace Often, dress codes outline the written and unwritten rules regarding what employees should and should not wear at work. Dress codes are widely used to regulate employee clothing by defining what is acceptable in the workplace, and what is unacceptable.
The same provisions regulate workplace dressing by outlining what is appropriate and inappropriate for the workplace context. It is through such dress codes that clearer understandings of what to wear, in what days, and in which occasions suffice. For example, through the flexibility of dress codes in American organizations, in the nineties, the casual wear emerged.
Recently, many organizations in America have started to embrace casual clothing as acceptable business attire. The growth of dot.com companies in the Silicon Valley has especially led to the growth of this trend. However, casual or relaxed clothing does not mean wearing a pair of jeans and a T-shirt to work. Instead, it means probably excluding the tie and the jacket from the suit wear.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Professional Dress for the Interview and Casual Dress in the American Workplace by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This is a general understanding of casual wear in the workplace, but some companies have more varying rules of casual wear. For example, wearing Denim jeans in the workplace is not a nationally accepted casual wear in America, but some executives wear it anyway. Former Apple Inc. CEO, Steve jobs did so. Nonetheless, it is crucial to understand that casual dressing does not include showing cleavage and midriff, or wearing flip-flops and running shoes because America disallows such dressing as part of casual wear.
For women, casual dressing simply means that they can be a little more stylish than they would ordinarily be. Similarly, they can be a little less conservative in their dressing. However, their clothing selections may represent the personality of the employees because they allow them to inject their personal styles to their dressing styles. For men, wearing khakis and polo shirts may be widely accepted in America as smart casual wear. For women, wearing fitting attire, that show body curves, without exposing more skin, may act as casual wear.
Wearing a scarf, earrings, and a pair of sandals are some of the accessories that may amount to casual dressing. A chunky necklace or chandeliers may also be useful additions to casual wear, for women, but it is very important to ensure that they do not wear these accessories at the same time. Employees also have the room to play around with the belt by wearing thicker belts (for women). However, while adding more color to the belt, it is important not to over-accessorize.
Companies that allow casual dressings are present across the United States. However, as mentioned in this paper, most of such companies are technology companies. An example has already been mentioned of Apple Inc., where the former CEO, Steve jobs used to wear casual clothes even in official functions. The same situation replicates at Microsoft, Google, Zappos, Facebook, Twitter, Electronic Arts, and AOL.
A recent survey revealed that about nine out of ten human resource managers in America allowed casual dressing in at least one occasion in the workplace. Some managers said they approved casual dressing once a week, while others said they permitted casual dressing only on special occasions. Managers and organizations that allow casual dressings agree that it is a special way of improving employee morale. However, this provision is also indicative of managerial flexibility in such organizations.
Nonverbal communication: Professional Presence not including dress in America It is a known fact that effective communication is the best basis of a good relationship between two people. Even though verbal communication is effective in building this relationship, non-verbal communication is even more effective. The use of hand gestures, handshakes, facial expressions, and personal spaces are just a few examples of non-verbal communication that is useful in building these friendships. Different forms of non-verbal communications manifest especially in the workplace context.
In terms of facial expressions, people may portray different emotions without saying a word. While interacting with other people in the workplace, it is always important to smile. This is a way to show interest. It is also crucial to acknowledge that politeness and friendliness are key behaviors in American business interactions, and therefore, it is always important to exude the same feelings through positive facial expressions like smiling.
Hand gestures are equally important in business communications because they are a common means of expression for different speakers. In the professional context, it is always important to use hand gestures to help convey a point, as opposed to blocking it.
Using hand gestures like a “thumbs up” may demonstrate approval in the workplace (and a way to express motivation). Waving is also a way of acknowledging someone’s presence in the workplace. People should embrace such attributes as effective methods of improving communication in the workplace.
In the American culture, maintaining eye contact is an important ingredient of non-verbal communication. More so, its importance in the professional environment manifests because maintaining eye contact is a way for people to say that they are interested in what other people have to say.
In some respects, maintaining eye contact may mean that the communicator is the subject of interest, for the moment. Therefore, in circumstances where there is no eye contact at all, it is easy to lose interest in the conversation. Stated differently, the lack of eye contact in business communications may mean that a person is completely disinterested in what the other person has to say, and more specifically, it may mean that the other person is not listening at all.
Maintaining an open posture in the workplace also gives the same effect as maintain eye contact during a conversation. This effect manifests in expressing a degree of confidence and exuding interest in what people have to say.
This outcome contrasts with a situation where people maintain a closed posture by folding their arms, crossing their legs, or tilting at a slight angle away from the communicating partner. An open posture would however include sitting directly opposite a person, with open arms and legs. An open posture is therefore desirable for the workplace environment because it demonstrates interest, and the readiness to listen, as opposed to a closed posture, which may demonstrate disinterest, or discomfort in the conversation.
Lastly, it is important to mention that the American business culture appreciates firm handshakes. Therefore, while meeting a stranger, or a customer, it is important to have a firm handshake to show the other party that they are pleased to meet them. This makes people feel important and more appreciated. Comprehensively, non-verbal communication expresses unsaid attitudes, emotions, and feelings, which may often be louder than the actual words said.
References Business Insurance. (2011). 10 Big Businesses With Incredibly Casual Offices. Web.
CAL POLY. (2012). Professional Attire: Dressing for Interviews and the Workplace. Web.
Doyle, A. (2013). Interview Accessories: How to Choose Interview Accessories. Web.
Floyd, P. (2008). Careers in Health, Physical Education, and Sports. London: Cengage Learning.
Kopp, H. (2011). Career Diplomacy: Life and Work In the U.S. Foreign Service. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.
Lola, B. (2012). Casual Dress in the Business Workplace. Web.
Martin, J. (2013). How Women Can Dress in Workplace Business Casual. Web.
Recent Grad. (2012). Men’s Interview Attire. Web.
Segal, J. (2013). Nonverbal Communication. Web.
SYN. (2012). Non-verbal communication. Web.
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable vs. Coaxial Cable Essay best essay help: best essay help
Introduction Wires play an important role in transmitting electrical energy and signals between different locations. There are different types of wires that vary from one another depending on their characteristics and other physical aspects. This paper seeks to discuss the differences between fibre optic cables and coaxial cables, elaborating on the advantages and disadvantages of each type.
Fiber Optic Cable A fiber optic cable consists of either a plastic or a glass core, which conveys light enclosed within a glass cladding. Light is guided through the fibre owing to the lower refractive index of the material as it also reflects the escaping light to the core (Higuera, 1998).
Advantages of fiber optic cables
Fibre optic cables have limited signal loss for every unit distance covered. In this regard, this type of cables can cover long distances and have limited effect on the quality of transmission. With high internet speeds being a factor for consideration in the contemporary world, fiber optic cable is more reliable because of its maintenance of the signal.
Fibre optic cables have very high capacity, which means they can convey high data rates at any given time. Because of the cable’s technology that uses light, the cable is also able to transmit at high speeds. This makes it more reliable and efficient over other cable types.
Fiber optic cables are also immune to external interference, which improves further on their reliability. Vibrations and other noises have little effect on the performance of the cable (Higuera, 1998).
These cables are expensive compared to other types of cables. The materials used in the manufacture of fibre optic cables are costly and only made-to-measure. This is particularly typical of any new technologies (Higuera, 1998).
The general vulnerability of fibre optic cables to strain and temperatures affects the performance quality of this type of cables. This affects the output signals because of the inherent errors (Higuera, 1998).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Coaxial Cable Coaxial cables comprise of a core wire, as well as an interwoven foil material that covers the inner wire (Reynders, Mackay
Advantages and Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable
Advantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable
Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cables Verses Coaxial Cables
Introduction Fiber optic cable and coaxial cable are both used in data transmission. Today, various information networks use either fiber optic cable or coaxial cable in order to transmit information between several telecommunication devices such as telephones, radios, television sets among others.
Both cables have advantages and disadvantages, which a user should consider before making a choice. For instance, a user should consider the distance of connection and the amount of data to transmit. Therefore, this paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of fiber optic cable verses coaxial cable.
Description of Fiber Optic Cable and Coaxial Cable A fiber optic cable is made of an ultra-fine fiberglass core, which is protected by an outer covering (Shelly 493). The cables use light in order to transmit data via tinny fiberglass cores known as silica. On the other hand, coaxial cables transmit data through copper cores, “which are surrounded by a dielectric insulator, a woven copper shield, and a plastic sheath” (Shelly 493).
Therefore, the coaxial cables are properly shielded from any kind of interference by environmental conditions. Coaxial cables also depend on electricity as a medium of transferring data. Fiber optic and coaxial cables exist in various forms.
Advantages of Fiber Optic Cable Verses Coaxial Cable Fiber optic cables have several advantages over coaxial cables. First, fiber optic cables carry large volumes of data over long distances without much loss of information. This is made possible due to the several silica cores that make up the fiber optic cables. However, coaxial cables have a limited capacity of data transmission and often suffer from signal leakage leading to weak signals.
Second, the fiber optic cables are smaller and lighter as compared to coaxial cables. Therefore, installations of fiber optic cables require lesser space and engineers also find it easier to handle the fiber optic cables.
Third, fiber optic cables enhance data security because it is difficult to tap information easily from the network system. Additionally, optical fibers are “immune to electromagnetic interference from radio signals, car ignition systems, and lightning” (Bagad and Dhotre 8). Last, fiber optic cables incur much less operating cost because they consume little electric power.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Disadvantages of Fiber Optic Cables Verses Coaxial Cables Despite the advantages that fiber optic cables have over coaxial cables, they also have a number of disadvantages. For instance, optical fibers are more expensive as compared to coaxial cables that are cheaper (Bagad and Dhotre 7). Therefore, a number of people are not in a position to install them.
Similarly, installations of optical fibers require well-trained personnel because their installation is usually difficult as opposed to the installation of coaxial cables. Last but most important, fiber optic cables are more suitable in transmission of data over long distances hence coaxial cables are more suitable for data transmission over short distances.
Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be concluded that fiber optic cables are more efficient and effective in data transmission as compared to coaxial cables. Fiber optic cables help in the transmission of large volumes of data over long distances without interference from electromagnetic noise. On the other hand, coaxial cables are cheaper to install but only suitable for data transmission over short distances due to signal leakage, which leads to weak signals.
Works Cited Bagad, Vincent and Andrew Dhotre. Data Communication and Networking. New York: Technical Publications, 2009. Print.
Shelly, Gary B. Discovering Computers. New York: Cengage Learning, 2008. Print.
The effects of cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking on the society Report custom essay help: custom essay help
In many cases, virtual space ensures the anonymity of Internet users and in this environment cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking become very widespread. These behaviors include several activities that can harm an individual; for example, one can mention intimidation, humiliation, or posting materials that can harm the reputation or career of a person (King-Ries 2011). Furthermore, one should speak about the damage to equipment or data as well as theft (Stauffer et al. 2012).
On the whole, it is possible to argue that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking increase people’s sense of insecurity; moreover, these activities can turn deviant behavior into a norm. In particular, one should focus on such issues as the disrespect for a person’s autonomy, the growing intensity of domestic violence and deteriorating mental health in the country. These are some of the main aspects that can be identified.
It should be taken into consideration that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking affect a significant number of people. For example, according to the findings of researchers, approximately 25 percent of children in the United States have fallen victims of cyber-bullying (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 353). Very similar situation can be observed in other counties such as the United Kingdom or Canada. These data are important for showing that these activities have profound implications for the society. Furthermore, bullying and stalking on the Internet can influence the values and attitudes of children and adolescents whose identities have been fully developed.
Overall, the victims of cyber-bullying often suffer from depression and anxiety (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 354). Some of these people can even commit suicide (Stauffer et al. 2012, p. 354). Thus, one can argue that cyber-bullying can adversely influence the mental health in the community. Apart from that, researchers note that many teenagers internalize unhealthy patterns of behavior such the disrespect for the emotional wellbeing of a person (King-Ries 2011, p. 155).
The main problem is that people, who are engaged in bullying or stocking on the Internet, do not attach much importance to the autonomy of others and their feelings (King-Ries 2011, p. 155). The key difference is that in the virtual environment, this behavior often goes unpunished, and a person can come to the conclusion that this activity is quite appropriate.
Furthermore, scholars note that the victims of cyber-stalking and cyber-stalking can vent his/her anger or frustration on relatives. This is one of the reasons why scholars speak about the increasing rise of domestic violence in American families (King-Ries, 2011, p. 154). This is one of the main impacts that can be identified.
Furthermore, cyber-stalking and cyber-stalking can change certain values in the society, especially the respect for an individual privacy. It should be noted that people, who are engaged in these activities, completely overlook the idea that there are certain emotional boundaries that should not be crossed. Provided that the proportion of these people in the society will increase, the importance of privacy in the community can decline.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These examples indicate that cyber-bullying and cyber-stalking can produce adverse effects on individuals and the society. One should pay close attention to the growing number of conflict within families because the victims of cyber-stalking to have many emotional and behavioral problems such as domestic violence. Furthermore, one should not forget about the change of many values such as the respect for the privacy of a person. Finally, one should not forget about such a consequence as the deterioration of mental health in the society.
References King-Ries, A 2011, ‘Teens, Technology, and Cyberstalking: The Domestic Violence Wave of the Future?’ Texas Journal of Women and the Law, vol. 20 no. 2, pp. 131-164.
Stauffer, S, Heath, M, Coyne, S,
Definition Paragraph about a Friend Definition Essay best essay help: best essay help
There is no definite definition of a friend but each person has his or her own perspective of who a friend is. This paper will try and come up with a consolidated definition of a friend and at the same time highlight some of the things that a friend is expected to do. A friend is a person who loves you unconditionally and can be there for you in good and bad times. A friend should make you become better by believing in your abilities and at the same time help you to deal with your weaknesses.
A friend is a clear reflection of yourself and will not hesitate to tell you the truth. A good friend should be honest and loyal to you. A friend can only prove that he or she cares for you by sharing some time with you. A person who loves you for who you are without any prejudice is a true friend. It is important to note that a person who can not be trusted and is always judging you can not be referred to as a friend.
There is need for a friend to encourage you when you feel discouraged. There is no way a person can claim to be your friend if he or she does not respect you. Friends should be with you out of choice and not because they have been forced to do so. Many people can claim to be your friends but a large number of them will always disappear when things are not good.
A true friend is the one who sticks by you when things are not good. A friend is that person whom you enjoy their company at all times. A friend makes you smile and is always willing to listen when you have something to share. Genuine solidarity in times of trouble is a good indicator of who a true friend is. It is important to highlight some of the qualities of a true friend in detail for us to have an in-depth understanding of the actual meaning of a friend.
It is important to have a friend who is always willing to listen to you. A friend should understand things from your point of view without judgment. A friend should feel some empathy when listening to you even if he or she does not have the solution to your problems. A friend can not be helpful to you if he or she does not care about what you need.
This is very important during tough times when a person may not have the courage to ask for help. A true friend will always be there for you by helping you get what you need. Hugs and smiles are some of the physical signs of a true friend that cares for you.
Friends will try their best to maintain contact with you even if they are away. A friend will always try to keep in touch through calling, texting and social media when he or she is not nearby. Every human being desires other people to say good things about them and a friend should be able to do that without making a big deal out of it. It is important for a friend to get all the facts right before coming in to support you. It is only a true friend who will come out to save you from a dangerous situation without caring about their safety.
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Care of the stroke patients Case Study essay help site:edu
Many health experts have discovered that stroke is the main reason of deaths in the world, which may also cause disability in case a person survives. Due to the brain damage accompanied by the stroke, the victim needs long-term personal care to increase his/her chances to live a long life (Evashwick, 2005).
Although stroke victims rarely recover, there are some cases when it takes at least two years to get over it. Stroke completely disables a victim as the one is unable to do a thing, and therefore, the patient is useless for a long period or the entire lifetime. During this period, the person will need intensive personal care and attention. Therefore, the only people able to help the stroke victim are the family members or the guardians.
The most important step in handling a stroke survivor is to prepare him or her psychologically for any eventual outcome of the disability. Medical experts associate stroke with frequent back pains. It is important for the patient to understand all the possible outcomes of the stroke (Bogousslavsky, 2002).
The family members should closely monitor the patient since isolating a patient on the basis of his/her disability worsens the state of health and does not contribute to the improving. Stroke patient is likely to recover faster when he or she feels appreciated in the society than becomes alienated from the world.
To improve the standards of care of the patient, the family should consider buying some important equipment for use by the patient so that he or she can at least perform some tasks on his/her own. Such equipments include the wheelchair, handheld urinal and bedside commode.
The wheelchairs are very essential as they give a person an opportunity to move anywhere within their ability. The handheld urinal and the bedside commode are very important for individual wellbeing as they help an individual to answer the call of nature when no one is within to help. Though these equipments are very expensive, they are very resourceful in the long run in assisting the stroke patient within the family (Bogousslavsky, 2002).
Long-term care will aid the stroke patients because they are no longer able to do any task on their own. There are several services that the stroke patient will need in the long run. These are nursing, medical, community, social and custodial services. Moreover, these services can also be provided at nursing homes or personal homes. Family members must note that stroke patients who are not well attended to are prone to deteriorating health eventually shortening their life span.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also important to note that a person providing a personal care to stroke patients should know that the stroke survivors cannot express themselves freely regarding their urgent needs. For example, bathing, grooming and dressing require a close family member to assist a patient in most occasions (Evashwick, 2005). Moreover, helping the patient use the toilet and eat are the most essential activities that promote the stroke victims’ health standards and wellbeing.
In some cases, it is possible for a family to hire a specialized caregiver to attend to the patient when the family is not able to attend to a person. Stroke survivors need a specialized attention all the time which will also call for more resources to be used.
The family may ask for a help from a professional nurse or take the patient to a nursing home for more specialized care. Moreover, specialized medication is also needed to help the patient to get over, which calls for taking concerted actions to ensure the stroke victim receives the best health care (Evashwick, 2005).
References Bogousslavsky, J. (2002). Long-term effects of stroke. New York: M. Dekker.
Evashwick, C. (2005). The continuum of long-term care. New York: Thomson/Delmar Learning.
Perceptions of self Definition Essay online essay help: online essay help
People manifest their attitudes through their behavior when going through different experiences. When a person feels weak or confused, the people who observe him or her know that there is a problem. The feelings of people change when they are not comfortable with what they are doing, which manifest in the behavior. Individuals tend to believe what they are told is possible if their attitude is positive. When people are asked by others to do something, which is difficult, they first consider how others could benefit from the same.
Self-perception is a trait that develops in a person towards something through daily observation and interaction with others. People develop attitudes but do not relate them with their different moods when going through certain experiences. When one is able to interpret his or her behavior in a rational manner, it becomes possible to understand other people.
A perception of self is a common trait for all people where one can think that he or she is handsome, bright or difficult. There are situations where perceptions of self in a person have developed in a manner that does not match with how other people perceive the individual. For example, you might see yourself as being very organized while others take you to be bossy. Therefore, it is paramount for us to be informed about the way other people perceive us if their perceptions about us are negative.
This helps to improve and ensure that our behavior is acceptable and other people can benefit from our actions. There are situations where our perception on other people changes when we know more about them. The information on how other people perceive us is important so that we can compare it with self-perception. For example, when other people believe that we can be leaders and tell us, we tend to understand why they always consult us in case of any question.
Perceptions of self refer to personality in human beings about their physical size as well as intelligence. For example, people may be perceived as bragging if they talk too much about their children. The significant thing is to know how other people perceive us in order to relate it with self-perception. However, perception of people on others does not always reflect the reality about the character.
For example, some people are less self-defensive but other people may accuse them that they are too defensive. The problem is that an individual may clarify about a certain issue but other people perceive him or her to be defensive. That is why conflicts arise because we think that we have done what others wanted but later realize that we are annoying them. This does not require us to change but we should know about the problem in order to solve it if it recurs.
The hidden feelings of people are different and we are not able to know about them. When a person does something that annoys others he or she may not know how they feel about it. This requires everyone to be conscious when relating with other people. Many people use nonverbal cues when they do not like others such as walking out in a gathering.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A businessperson may also conceal his or her negative feelings towards certain customers because he or she is aware that doing that would put off the customers. Perceptions of self are validated by asking the people we trust about their perceptions on us so that we obtain reliable information, which help us to know why people behave in certain ways.
The Perception of the Self according to Socrates Essay a level english language essay help
The perception of the self, according to Socrates explains the nature of man and the rationale on which man thinks. Socrates believed that, man is a product of his thoughts. Socrates questioned the way we attach importance to what people say without understanding the principle of individual thinking.
The capacity of a man is a product of the self in him; this formed the basis of Socrates argument. He emphasized that; man must believe in his or her principles and should not follow the wagon effect of the society. We find ourselves in situations that will require our careful examination, but we often accept what people say on the issue. Socrates proposed that logical thoughts would be more productive than accepting a patterned way of doing things.
The product of logical thinking is a patterned thought which is not influenced by the majority. To further his arguments, Socrates proposed a method of logical thinking. He believed that this would help each person evaluate his or her actions and thoughts based on the strength of logical thinking (Noe 4).
Critically examine people’s comment and assumption: The common belief should be subjected to examination. The belief that it pays to work hard or that marriage makes a man responsible.
Put forward a reversal to these statements: It is true that the society follows fashioned assumptions. One should be able to find a reversal to these assumptions. Provide a proof that man can be responsible without being married, and show that hard work do not always pay in the end. These reversals to a patterned way of life will help an individual build his or her confidence.
There are no credible statements than yours: When you are able to fine the reversals to the statements, you will conclude that many statements and assumptions are misleading. This will help you build your confidence in logical thinking.
Formulate your statements from observations: The examination of logical thinking will provide the basis of new statements. Marriage can make a responsible man live happily and wrong work is different from hard work.
Develop yourself: Make it a habit to always examine the statements of people and find the reversal to those statements.
The strength of a man is weighed by his actions and statements; this is the defining principle on which we must stand. Socrates argued that philosophy can be analyzed not only by the elites, but by the common man. The ability to make a statement devoid of what people think or say is a product of self.
Socrates emphasized that the human soul is immortal and is a product of different perceptions. Socrates believed that the human soul exists in two forms; the transformation realm and the constant position. The evil in the human mind is a product of the benefits he or she imagined. An individual will act based on his or her perceived thoughts which is based on what good he or she will derive from the action (Noe 3).
In conclusion, we are what we think of ourselves and we must act accordingly. Socrates provided examples to show that philosophical thinking can be done even by the common man. Logical thinking is the ability to examine each statement independently not minding the opinion of the majority.
Works Cited Noe, Alva 2009, Direct Perception. PDF file. Web.
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Robert Wetzel classical guitar Report custom essay help
Robert Wetzel, a classical guitar player, has given several concerts, playing classical music by great composers. At one of his concerts, in Encinitas, California, he plays a classical composition by Isaac Albeniz (Robert Wetzel – Isaac Albeniz – Cordoba).
The way Robert Wetzel plays is very concentrated and unique. The sounds that the guitar produces are very melodic and much representative of the classical style. In the beginning of the composition, the melody and rhythms are slow but at the same time are not repeated.
There is great variety in the melody, so the listener does not know what to expect. This is an important attribute of a good composition, as it is very exciting, though calm and surprising. Then, the rhythm speeds up but the sound is still very much flowing and melodic.
While playing, Robert Wetzel seemed to be more focused on his finger placement than feeling of the music and playing from his heart. It is understandable that there are some complex transitions but all his attention is towards the guitar, instead of the audience, heart and music.
Another performance of Robert Wetzel was at Performing Arts Theatre at Cuyamaca College, El Cajon, California (Robert Wetzel – Luis Milan – “Pavanas V
History of the British Colonies Report (Assessment) cheap essay help: cheap essay help
New England and the Mid Atlantic regions had a different economic and government structures compared to other regions. Most of the colonies especially the ones located in the north were very rich in resources. They had an economic structure where they sold raw materials to their colonial master back in England.
Each state made its own contribution to the mercantilist system. But for the mid Atlantic regions their economies depended on crops. They grew wheat, flax, rye among other crops. They had a perfect climate for agriculture especially cultivation of grains. The colonies in the Mid Atlantic regions were commonly referred to as ‘the bread basket colonies’ because of their dependence and potential to produce grain.
On the contrary, the economies in New England regions experienced a different climate which could not support the cultivation of crops. The climate there was extremely cold and the soil unsuitable for crop farming. They experienced prolonged winter seasons. As a result, their economy was based on trade of fish, timber, and fur.
Another remarkable thing about the two regions was their tolerance to religion. One of the main reasons why people had to leave to the home countries to come to America was to search for freedom of religion (Gaustad and Schmidt 78). Puritans dominated the colonies in New England. They advocated for their style of worship. However, in the Mid Atlantic region there was diversity in religion. The region had Protestants, Catholics, and Quakers. It therefore became difficult for one religion to dominate in the region.
Figure 1: Image showing farming of Tobacco in Jamestown
The colonies in the Chesapeake region included Jamestown, Virginia, and Maryland. They were the colonies in the upper south while the Carolinas and Georgia were the colonies in the lower south. The economies of the colonies in the upper south depended on agriculture, docking ship, and fisheries.
The Chesapeake Bay had an ideal climate and soil for agriculture. Additionally, the bay had a port and shipping lane which was highly valuable for transportation of goods. Jamestown was the first successful colony within the upper south region. Its success was due to dependence on tobacco.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Virginia also flourished because it depended on tobacco as a cash crop. Their economies grew because of tobacco exports (Davidson 54). When rich white settlers came in, they bought huge tracks of land and began farming tobacco on the land. They used the services of African slaves to cultivate the crops. Enslaved Africans only became valuable to the rich land owners during the second part of the 17th century when they replaced Native Indians and white servants.
On the contrary, the colonies in the lower south depended on rice as cash crop. They exported the cash crop while importing other food to supplement the rice. They also used slaves to cultivate the rice. Due to rice being grown in swampy areas, the region became a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
As a result, mosquitoes became a huge problem for the dwellers because they transmitted deadly diseases. With regards to law and gender, adultery was a common cultural practice within the lower southern colonies. Most men could have a wife and a few mistresses by the side. The law also supported the idea of men having mistresses.
From the analysis above, the region that showed most potential was the Mid Atlantic region. This is because other regions depended on its products. It had an ideal climate and soil for growing grains.
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
Gaustad, Edwin Scott and Leigh Eric Schmidt. The religious history of America. San Fransisco: Harper, 2002. Print
Africans in America Report (Assessment) best college essay help
Africans in America is a history that is traced back to the 16th century. Many of the African American people in America are descendants of the people from Central and West Africa who had been enslaved by white farmers in America. The black people were forcibly taken as slaves and put to work in the farms and homes of the white people.
They were treated as inferior human beings. However many revolutions that occurred years later would liberate the black people from slavery. The first people who advocated for slavery were the Spanish who took black people from their colonies to work on their farms. The white men from Britain would follow suit and publicize the free labor they had found. This led to a growth in slave trade (Davidson Stevens 34).
With an increase in the demand for slaves many began being shipped to North America. This occurred between the 1600s and 1700 when there was a great demand. The slaves provided labor in the farms, mines and houses. Many people supported slavery while a few were against it.
The slaves were denied all the rights of a human being and would be treated as property. In the 1600s there was formation of companies that traded slaves (Davidson Stevens 34). The companies formed captured slaves in Africa. These slaves were bought by the settlers. There was an increase in the demand for free labor among the settlers in North America which led to an increase in the demand for slaves. The slaves were also forced to remain in slavery by the laws that had been created in America.
Slavery was most common in Virginia and the colonies in the south. This is attributed to the fact that Virginia was the first place to receive slaves. The first black slaves were brought to Virginia and the south thus making these places a stronghold for getting slaves. Another factor that contributed to slavery in the south is the way the laws were created such that slaves would become free.
This would only occur if a slave completed their contract or if they converted to Christianity. These favorable laws would attract more slaves to the south. The second major factor for growth of slavery in the south is the increase in the plantations in the south. This increase in plantations and mines required more labor thus an increase in the number of slaves demanded (John Franklin
The Itis Movie, the Tenth Episode of The Buddocks Essay (Movie Review) college essay help: college essay help
The tenth episode of The Buddocks, the Itis, reflects on the contemporary American themes, such as race, class, ethnicity, and gender, in an artistic manner presented throughout the TV series. In terms of the race challenge facing America in a modern day setting, the producer shows a picture of a divided society.
Despite impressive steps by various classes of the American society to curb racism, the show demonstrates a high-level hypocrisy that cripples such efforts. Ordinary American lifestyle captured as the punch line in the film illustrates the authenticity of the American dream of equality of races, as practiced by a majority of Americans.
The rap culture is predominantly African American, and the depiction of a gangster lifestyle equally shows the prominent perception that one race embraces barbaric culture. The scenes which contain violence, such as terrorism and use of disrespectful racial terminologies, affect the American population in the entire film (Bell, Kim and McGryder, 2006)
Class dominion is the main theme of the show with frequent infusions of white imperialism casting an apparent class divide. The main character’s interaction with the class issue illustrates the lifestyle divide evident between various strata of the American society. Huey and Riley belong to a lower class, and their lifestyles clearly and accurately demonstrate class discord in the society.
In the entire show, the illustration of the lifestyle in ghetto setting illuminates the actual standards of the lowest class as well as the challenges faced by those people. However, the film presents a section of a low class population grappling with the property-ownership related evictions. Corporate structure in the country demonstrates a powerful class of individuals that would stop at nothing until they achieved their profit intentions.
Ethnicity, as a dominant theme in the show, highlights the prejudice and discrimination elements, which ethnic relations present to the contemporary Americans. Internal wrangles between ethnic divides in the film illustrate the possibility of an elevated tension that emerges on various platforms. Unique cultural traits arise from various ethnic categories presented in the episode, including soul food obsession that Huey blames for the demise of his grandmother.
The role of Granddad as a community man with friends and family around him depicts the conditions that precipitate ethnicised tendencies. Granddad’s recipes used in the soul food tradition highlight the possible ethnic trademark, which other people like Huey easily use to mock in order to show emerging tension.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Gender theme portrayal in the film captures a negative image of women in the society. Depiction of women in the ordinary American setting does not bring out the discord that the film highlights.
In painting a negative image of gender biases in the American society, the film illustrates the females as opportunistic party animals. Ordinary American women would assign blame to a gender insensitive society for having presented them as partying species. Granddad’s business flocks with beautiful women shown as flirts who take the opportunity to reap from party-loving men.
Negative eating habits emerge among the women in the film as the woman that attacks Granddad appears to be suffering from a nutrition condition. The woman fights against Granddad on grounds of causing her to put on weight; such a scene illustrates the challenges that feeding habits present to women. However, the women fighting for being equal reveal a gender struggle that still goes on in different ways in America today.
Reference Barnes, R., McGryder, A. (Writers)
Britain vs. America- How colonists won Report (Assessment) essay help free: essay help free
The war that led to the independence of the US was fought between 1775 and 1783. It is commonly referred to as the American Revolution. Thirteen American colonies came together to fight Britain to become an independent nation, USA. The war was long because Britain was the greatest nation in the world at that time. One year into the war, the thirteen colonies declared independence and separated from the colonialists and forged an alliance with France whose main role was to bring a military balance between the two fighting sides.
The complexity of the war was based on the fact that Americans were divided into three. Those who remained loyal to the King of Britain were loyalists, those who wanted independence were called patriots, and the others remained neutral. These divisions made it difficult for all the colonies to stand united against Britain.
The major cause of the revolution was Republicanism. Americans had established liberty that was enjoyed all citizens and Britain was opposed to it (Davidson 112). This was a supplement to the issue of Americans demanding to be enjoined through parliament in setting the taxes. The matter was regarded as an issue of representation and therefore people demanded to be consulted. The success of the thirteen colonies could b attributed to several factors.
The British failed to suppress Massachusetts. Britain valued the thirteen colonies because they were the richest and most developed in the whole Empire. The generals of Britain tactically failed to subdue Boston because of the strategy employed by the citizens. They formed a provisional government, trained militia groups, and set informers within the British Empire. They established the minute men system that was used in raising alarms. This structure was well coordinated and as such Britain could not infiltrate.
In Britain decided to engage in a combat with Boston in 1975 after all her political maneuvers had failed. This turned out to be disastrous as the minute men were very effeicient. Major John Pitcaim the man who led the mission failed miserably (Langguth 88). The Americans tasted victory when they launched a seemingly impossible mission during the Battle of Bunker Hill in Boston in 1777.
The structural organization of the Americans worked to their advantage. The war was coordinated by the Continental Congress that was headed by George Washington, a wealthy tobacco planter with military experience. As the commander in chief, he lost many battles against the well oiled British Army but won the most important one that was fought at the end.
The structure allowed unity to prevail through the ranks in the forces. Errors made by British Army allowed chances for the Continental Army to exploit. The Britons failed to develop a counter- revolutionary policy. They held assumptions that it was not a revolution and the rebels would finally be subdued. A policy that could have worked was brought in 1776. This was however very late and little could be done to salvage Britain whose boat had already sunk.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The decisive victory came in 1777 at Saratoga. The battalion that accompanied Burgoyne was unnecessarily large because it slowed the pace. This allowed the Americans to prepare before his arrival. His army men were running short of food at an alarming rate. Though inexperienced, Americans fought in a disciplined way, were sober, courageous, and quite regular in following commands.
It was not until October that the British commander formally surrendered. His men were disarmed, taken to Boston, and then others were sent home never to return to America. However, some redcoats were held hostage to be used in the combats in areas that still experienced war. France supplied money, ammunitions, and forged an alliance against Britain in support of the rebellious colonies.
Works Cited Davidson, James. U.S. A Narrative History. New York: McGraw Hill, 2012. Print.
Langguth, Andrew. The Men Who Started the American Revolution. New York: Simon
The Rebellion of American Colonies in the 18th Century Report (Assessment) essay help online
In the 18th century, North America had already been divided into 12 colonies. They stretched from New Hampshire in the west all the way down to South Carolina in the east. Before the struggle to independence, American colonies remained under the control of the England. King George III was the over ruler of the colonies as well as of England. But in 1776, the colonies came together and fought for their independence after rebelling against the British government (Davidson 90).
The rebellion was triggered by a number of reasons. The wanted to make their own laws, but the British government could not allow them. They realized that they could only make laws if they had a form of government which recognized their needs. Another reason for the political consciousness that led to the struggle for independence is that the colonies wanted to expand their markets to other counties.
They wanted to engage in trade partnership with other countries. However, the colonial government could not allow this to happen. In addition, the colonies were required to pay taxes to the colonial government. The taxes remitted were extremely high and this angered some of the colonies.
The rebellion began during the last decade to independence. Protest against the British government took center stage. A key event that took place took place during this time of the rebellion was the seven year war. The war involved several powerful regions of the world at that moment including Europe, North America India, and West Africa. The war was triggered by disputes of interests between the colonists and colonialists. Britain was able to emerge victorious in the war.
Another key event during this period of political consciousness was the stamp act of 1765. The British parliament back in England came up with a law requiring British colonies to produce printed materials that only have revenue stamps from London. The stamp was supposed to be embossed on newspapers, magazines, and legal documents.
The revenue collected on the printed documents was meant to pay the British troops that helped their country to win the seven day war. This law was met with resistance in most of the colonies. They argued that since they were not represented at the parliament when the law was being passed there was no need to support it. British manufacturers and merchants were also affected by this law and contributed to its resistance.
The third key event during this period of political rebellion was the tea party. In 1773, the British government made a law that required all the colonies to pay taxes on tea. The new law also required every colony to send all the taxes to England further aggravating the protest against the colonial government.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The colonists fought against this law and in 1773, the famous Boston tea party happened (Davidson). This was not a real party but a protest against the law to pay taxes on tea. The colonist invaded a British ship carrying tea and threw everything in the water. This event is one of the most common protests against the British government in the history of America.
The image below shows how Americans protesting the tea taxation invaded the ships and threw containers with tea into the water.
After the famous protest, rebellion against the colonial government became more pronounced. Meetings were held by representatives from every colony to discuss their problems and issues. The meetings prepared a revolution (Ferling 45).
Works Cited Davidson, James West. US: A Narrative History, Volume 1: To 1877. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008. Print.
Ferling, John. A Leap in the Dark: The Struggle to Create the American Republic. New York: Greenwood Press, 2003. Print.
Impact of World Financial Crisis on the UAE Economy Case Study cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP
Impact on the Employment Sector
Impact on the Banking Sector
Impact on the Real Estate Sector
Impact in the Tourism Sector
Introduction The economy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the second largest in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It is also one of the rapidly growing economies in the world. In the last four decades, the economy has transformed from a poor country that depended on fishing, agriculture, and herding to a modern economy that boast of high per capita income and trade surplus (Nyarko, 2011, pp. 3-78).
The main industries that contribute to economic growth in UAE include tourism, oil, services, construction, and manufacturing. UAE’s economy is highly integrated with the world economy, thereby making it susceptible to exogenous shocks. This paper examines the impact of the recent global financial crisis on UAE’s employment, banking, real estate, and tourism sector.
UAE’s Economy In Terms of GDP Prior to the global financial crisis, which began in 2007, the UAE enjoyed rapid growth in its gross domestic product (GDP). Figure 1 (in the appendix) shows the country’s GDP growth rate from 2005 to 2012. From 2003 to 2006, the country’s GDP grew at an average rate of 7% (Zaki
Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation Report scholarship essay help
Introduction Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation is a government agency that has been charged with the responsibility of providing safe, clean, and reliable energy supply to the United Arab Emirates from nuclear sources. Energy is vital to the development of the United Arab Emirates social and economic agendas.
The current power sources may not be sustainable in the long run due to the great energy demand. Energy demand in the United Arab Emirates is increasing at annual rate of approximately 9 percent, a figure that triples the global energy demand average of 3%. The estimated time span of ENEC is to provide power to the nation by the year 2017. Completion is expected to be achieved in the year 2020.
Due to the aforementioned reasons, this project will:
Examine the corporate governance strategies relevant for the privatization of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission.
To establish the difference privatization will bring to the company in terms of resources and manpower
To establish the feasibility of this undertaking in comparison to other companies that manage nuclear transmission such as Exelon in the United States.
To be able to set up the infrastructure, ENEC requires substantial amount of resources. Such projects also require excellent management skills to be undertaken successfully. The government may not provide the required resources adequately. This therefore calls for the involvement of the private sector. To avoid conflicts between the two sides, it is sensible to privatize the company i.e. reduce government influence significantly.
An example of a private company that has achieved success in providing nuclear energy is Exelon Company in the United States of America. The company deals with generation, transmission and delivery. The company supplies energy in 47 states and it further extends to Canada and Columbia. Its success lies in being the largest power generator with 34, 700 megawatts of power.
It also supplies electricity to over 6.6 million clients in the United States. The company recorded operating revenues of approximately $ 23.5 billion in the year ended 2012. The success of this company is also another factor that has prompted the study of the possibility of transforming Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission from a state owned firm to a private firm.
Information for this project will be gathered using qualitative means. Qualitative means in this case will focus on published material. To establish the objectives, data will be gathered from various online sources notably, the websites of the two companies. Information will also be gathered from various texts. The gathered data will then be processed i.e. coded appropriately.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Intent of the Project
This project aims to examine the corporate governance strategies that can be employed by the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission to achieve sustainable growth. This includes the proposed change of ownership and control i.e. from being privatization. This will be through examining corporate governance strategies that may work for the company. The project will examine various matters that form corporate governance, strategic management and planning. A conclusion will then be made based on the study of the above aspects.
Corporate Governance Corporate Values
Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission being a corporation, it should adhere to the principles of corporate governance. These principles deal with corporate matters such as code of conduct, professional ethics and general personal behavior. The key values of corporate that should be considered by the management and staffs of corporations include integrity, dependability, performance status, accountability, reputation and the dedication of the company towards attaining set goals and commitment. The company employees for the good of the organization should uphold these values. It is evident that a government due to various factors such as political influence and limited resources cannot achieve the above values comfortably.
Principles of governance are spread over a range of company issues. In the case of ENEC, the company is to be privatized therefore the management should focus on the principles regarding treatment of shareholders.
The relevant principles require the company to set up a platform for the development of an efficient corporate governance framework, recognize the rights of shareholders and distribute shareholders roles, treat shareholders equally, appreciate the roles of stakeholders in corporate governance, and provide relevant information with due diligence.
Setting up of a Corporate Governance Structure
Being a corporation, the management of ENEC should have in place an effective corporate governance structure. This means that the code of conduct, charter and other articles should reflect excellence in corporate governance. Training and development mechanisms should also be designed in a manner that allows for organizational growth and success.
The rights of shareholders and key ownership functions
Currently, the Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission is fully owned by the government of the United Arab Emirates. This means that all key ownership functions are conducted by the state. After privatization, the management will have to consider the rights of the incoming shareholders. For the company to be run effectively, all necessary information that should be made available to the shareholders should be availed at appropriate times such as at the annual general meeting.
Equitable treatment of shareholders
This principle aims at protecting minority shareholders. All shareholders should be treated equally by the organization. This is key and mandatory therefore the management of Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission should consider it. Equitable treatment of shareholders helps to create investors confidence that may come in handy when the company will be seeking more funds for expansion and other related projects.
We will write a custom Report on Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Role of stakeholders in corporate governance
After privatization, there are likely to be more than one shareholder in the company. It is vital that the numerous shareholders be involved in the decision making process of the company. This is in an implied and stated law of the agreements therefore the board and management should uphold it.
Disclosure and Transparency
For privatization to be effected, the current management of the organization should take considerable care and reveal all the information necessary for the transaction to be effected. The private company afterwards is also required to do the same to the shareholders. The shareholders should have free access to relevant authentic information regarding the operations of the company. For instance, Exelon Company in the United States has been able to achieve success due to its transparency in disclosing information to its shareholders.
The Responsibilities of the Board
The organization should have an established corporate governance structure that will identify the roles and responsibilities of the board, management and other stakeholders. Among the things that should be outlined is the power of the management to avoid contradictions that may arise. It is vital to consider the powers of the stakeholders before the company makes any major decision.
Ethics and Behavior
An effective risk management programme requires an ethical and dependable decision making platform. All employees and stakeholders should adhere to the code of conduct strictly after implementation. This should be considered to ensure that the organization do not deviate from its moral and official limitations and obligations.
Strategic Management Responsibility Strategic management revolves around three aspects that are the corporation, board of directors and corporate governance.
The corporation: The Emirates Nuclear Energy Commission like other corporations, it has an established mechanism that allow raising of capital and improving manpower through various means such as through the proposed privatization. Capital is provided by shareholders who will invest in the company individually or as groups. The work force includes the staff and management who provide labor and expertise for the company. The aim of corporate governance will be to protect the weak especially minority shareholders.
Corporate governance functions will require three parties: shareholders who will be the owners of the company, directors who will ensure that the company assets are not misappropriated, and managers who will use the company assets to carry out company functions.
Furthermore, as required by corporate governance regulations, the company will uphold excellent board ethics, provide a controlled environment for company affairs to be carried out, always disclose relevant information in a transparent manner, ensure the shareholders rights are respected, and it will ensure that the board is commitment to achieve success.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Corporate governance strategy for Emirates Energy Nuclear Corporation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Furthermore, the company will ensure adherence to acceptable board practices such as establishing guidelines that will define the roles and authority of the management, ensure that each member of the board and management understands his/her roles to avoid conflicts and ensure that the composition of the board is sound and there is a mixture of skills.
Change of Ownership: Change of ownership and control of organizations creates confusion and agency problems if not handled well. This occurs especially when the new owners start to embark on new ventures that were initially not being pursued by the company.
Board of Directors
The board will be selected by the shareholders to represent the shareholders interests. In the strategic management process, the board has various functions such as
to monitor the development of the company and the influencing factors both within the company and outside the company, to act as advisors to the management on matters that may have been overlooked, and to evaluate the management’s proposals, decisions and actions and take the relevant decision i.e. agree or disagree. The board will also offers strategic advice to the company on matters that affect the company’s mission and vision.
The organization’s articles and bylaws will determine the composition of the board. There will be emphasis on separation of functions to enhance performance within the organization. Members of the board will include directors employed by the company and directors who may be employees of other entities, or people with interests in the company.
As a modern entity, the formed company will also embrace the modern trends in the composition of board of directors such as the inclusion of institutional investors in the board of directors. There will also be provision for ownership of stock by the executives and directors of a company. Furthermore, the board will be more inclined towards balancing the economic goals of the company and the social needs. For instance, Exelon takes part in many corporate social responsibility activities to the communities that receive their services.
Top Management The Chief Executive Officer will head the top management. The Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer and executive vice presidents will assist the Chief Executive Officer where applicable.
The top management will handle the strategic role of the company, as this will form its primary role. The role of the management will include making day-to-day decisions within the company and overseeing the daily activities. They will also offer strategic leadership i.e. think strategically and influence the other workers in creating a sensible future for the organization.
The functions relevant for the strategic management of the company will include designing strategic options for the company, act as role models for the other people in the organization to follow, and to enhance the performance of the organization by coordinating and integrating the functions of the various departments in the organization. The top management will also be directly involved in the handling of stakeholders.
Handling of stakeholders will be done based on the various principles that govern the management-stakeholder relationship. These are the management should respond to the concerns of shareholders i.e. their voice should also be heard during decision-making, the management should also implement policies that cover the concerns of stakeholders. The stakeholders should therefore find the practices easy to work with incase they want to air their grievances or contributions.
Moreover, the management will adopt mechanisms that will address the concerns of the shareholders irrespective of where they are located, appreciate the relationship between the efforts and rewards of the stakeholders i.e. there should be fair distribution of burdens, rewards and risks among the stakeholders.
The managers will also ensure good working relations with other entities with an aim of minimizing risks. Risk management in this case tries to reduce the effects of risks in case they occur. There will be avoidance of activities that may jeopardize the company’s relationship with the stakeholders. Managers will also appreciate potential conflicts that may arise between (a) amongst themselves as corporate stakeholders, and (b) between the managers and stakeholders in view of legal and moral obligations that exist between them.
Strategic Planning A strategy is a future: oriented plan practiced at a large scale. The strategies will help in the achievement of company goals through interaction with the environment within and outside the organization and in setting the platform for managerial decisions to be made and implemented. Moreover, the strategies will help on testing the readiness of the company in dealing with competition.
Strategic management will help in setting decisions and actions that will help in the achievement of the company’s objectives. Strategic management will also be vital in areas such as formulating the company’s mission, conducting SWOT analysis, assessing the environmental factors, evaluating the preparedness of the company with regard to other external factors and in decision making with regard to achieving the company’s mission.
Conclusion The above strategic measures are necessary for ENEC to achieve success like Exelon. However, to achieve the above substantial resources will be consumed by the company in terms of work force and funds. There is great demand for energy in the United Arab Emirates that if well harnessed, could be a potential source of profits for the company.
The most suitable step will be for the company to privatize their operations due to the perceived benefits it may gain. Furthermore, as indicated earlier government commissions are affected by politics thereby affecting their operations.