Wildfires are a common phenomenon in various parts of the world, especially during summers and dry seasons. In most American states, especially in the north, wildfires cause massive loss of vegetation and lives. In particular, the states of Idaho, Montana and others in the region are adversely affected whenever the phenomenon occurs.
However, the current situation in Idaho is worth discussion due to the economic and health impacts of wildfires in Wood River Valley, Sun Valley and Beaver Creek. Arguably, the Idaho Wildfires have led to massive loss of economic resources, destruction of opportunities. In addition, they threaten the public health sector.
In august 2013, a number of efforts were made to ensure that the wildfires in Idaho did not affect tourism and other vocational activities in the region (Jasper 16). However, the extent of the phenomenon threatened the fire authorities, to an extent of calling for immediate evacuation of humans and animals (Miller 12). For instance, the Beaver Creek fire around the Wood River Valley caused massive loss of vegetation cover.
The fire threatened the lives of thousands of people living in the area. For instance, the area is popular with wealthy homeowners, who have set up large and luxurious Lexuses (Miller 12). In addition, it threatened the lives of thousands of employees, residents and tourists during the month of august.
According to Jasper (16), the Beaver Creek wildfire is a rare phenomenon because it has come into close proximity with a substantial-sized community, threatening their lives, businesses and the economy. In fact, the University of Oregon’s study on wildfire shows that the economic impact of the wildfires in the region is mixed.
For instance, the increased spending on fire related services and fire suppression efforts cause socioeconomic damages. In addition, the report suggests that the fires cause long-term instability in the state’s labor markets because there is a surge in the need for labor during wild fires and layoffs after the fires are over.
In the health sector, the wildfires have affected thousands of people living in rural areas. The volume of smoke, for instance, is large and has the potential to cause some health concerns in the area. For example, fresh air is always a public health concern during wildfires. In addition, the ability of the Beaver Creek fire to come close to the residential area this year is an additional threat to humans and property.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While it was possible to provide the locals with cleaner air using aircrafts, reaching out for rural populations is always difficult, thus compromising the rural public health. However, the last wildfire in Idaho also affected communities living in towns such as Beaver Creek due to its proximity to a large population. Large tracts of city land were occupied with dust and smoke from the fire, which affected the air around the towns.
In this way, the air transportation industry remained closed for more than a week, while streets and most businesses remained closed. In addition, thousands of tourists were evacuated, despite being a peak season. While some of these aspects only affected the economic sector, others affected the public health sector.
For example, the impact of smoke and dust may be ignored, but it is theoretically evident that it may have affected the health of some people, especially those with asthma.
In conclusion, the recent wildfires in Idaho are a significant threat to the economic and health sectors. Effective fire response and prevention protocols must be put in place to avoid these threats in future.
Works Cited Jasper, William. “Burning Up the West: Feds, Greens Cause Catastrophic Fires”. The New American. 23 August 2013: 16. Print.
Miller, John. “Uncontrollable Idaho Fire Ruins Vacations for the Rich and Famous”. The Time News. 23 August 2013: 12. Print
Ronald Reagan revolution through Obama Exploratory Essay college admission essay help: college admission essay help
Introduction The United States of America is under the leadership of a president who is the holder of the highest and most powerful political office across the world. The first president of the US was sworn into office in the year 1789. Ronald Reagan was the 40th president of the US and he served two terms as required by the constitution from the year 1981 to 1989.
He was a Republican, had a BA in Economics and Sociology, and he was well known for his economic policies, which would be later known as ‘Reaganomics’. The economic policies included the cutting down income taxes from 70% to 28% for the top income tax rate, restoring incentives for economic growth, and reducing government spending.
In a bid to achieve this goal, he hired the best available economists available in the country who came up with one of the most successful economic policies ever formulated in the world as the economy grew by one third in a period of seven years.
There is a similarity in both the governments of President Barrack Obama and Reagan as they both underscore the interest to come up with solutions to tackle the problem of economic recession facing the country. However, their economic policies are different as Obama is interested more in raising the taxes of every major Federal Tax as compared to Reagan who was committed to reducing the tax.
Historical turning points in the period of Reagan revolution through president Obama The turning point is a moment where changes occur in the way things are done and it may have some negative or positive effects in the society. During Reagan’s time, one notable historical turning point was the ending of the Cold War. As Reagan took office, there was a cold war between Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, which originated from the invasion of the Soviets to Afghans in the year 1979.
Through his Cold War policies, which aimed at spreading democracy and freedom worldwide, the president managed to stop the invasion of the Soviets. The Cold War policies involved expending many resources on the United States’ military and technological improvement (Fitzgerald, 2000).
This strategy weakened the economy of the Soviet Union as it tried to keep the pace to be recognized globally like the US, and in the process, the move stopped the advancement of the soviet communism. The United States also supported the anti-Soviet uprising around the world and this move aided in the collapse of the Soviet regime.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, although the Cold War policies led to the total containment of the Soviet regime, the US economy was affected as more funds were directed to funding the military. Despite the demerits of the war, this process was advantageous to the nation, as it helped in maintaining and improving its super position for it had the best-equipped and modern military in the world.
In addition, the containment of Soviet communism benefits even the contemporary society as people become more independent rather than depending on the state for every aspect of their well-being (Kengor, 2006).
As the Cold War ended, the relationship between the US and the Soviet Union improved and this aspect led to the signing of new arms control treaties in 1987, which helped in regulating nuclear weapons. This treaty is of great importance as it curtails the possibility of a nuclear war, which can have catastrophic effects on people.
Another notable historical turning point in this period is the decision by the United States to withdraw all its troops from Afghanistan. The nation had sent its troops to Afghanistan in 2001, but under the reign of Barrack Obama, he decided to withdraw the troops by the year 2014.
The first troops began returning home in 2011, which means that the military intervention in Afghanistan will end. The exit of the troops will have both negative and positive effects, as the Afghanistan will lose their foreign aid while the American economy will improve, as fewer funds will be set aside to fund the troops in Afghanistan.
AIDs epidemic in the United States During the reign of Ronald Reagan, there was the discovery of one of the world’s most deadly diseases known as AIDs. The United States’ researchers discovered the disease in the early 1980s and up to date, it has killed millions of people as its cure is yet to be discovered. People associated with the disease are discriminated and considered as outcast even by their own family members.
As more people were infected and other died of AIDs, the then president advocated for abstinence and prevention of immigrants infected with the scourge. Since its discovery in 1980s, HIV/AIDs epidemic shook the confidence of the most powerful nation as statistics of people who have been affected by the virus worldwide especially in the African continent are overwhelming.
We will write a custom Essay on Ronald Reagan revolution through Obama specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Though the US came up with antiretroviral drugs to prolong the lifespan of people affected by the disease, it has failed to come up with a lasting cure that would counter the disease. Due to this aspect, HIV/AIDs has affected the economic development of countries especially the developing countries with strained resources (Hunter, 2006).
Deregulation movement of Ronald Reagan era The deregulation policies during the era of Ronald Reagan mainly aimed at liberalizing the economy of the country. The president believed that removing the restrictions in place and providing a free market would help the institutions to help economic growth in a better way.
However, Reagan failed to understand that the regulations’ existence was important, as the major aim was to prevent malpractices from big companies. Due to this move, the free market led to the crippling of the economy and the widening gap being experienced in the country between the rich and the poor coupled with the mortgage meltdown in the country currently.
United states War with Afghanistan and Iraq In 2001, a terror group supposedly led by Osama bin Laden attacked the United States. The result of this attack was the loss of approximately 3000 lives and destruction of property worth millions of dollars. This attack forced the US to intensify its war on terrorism by invading Afghanistan, which is seen as the home for Taliban.
The US accused the Taliban of protecting the leader of Al-Qaeda who was responsible for the attacks and so the main aim of the attack was to remove Taliban from power and kill or capture Osama bin Laden. The United States also invaded Iraq on the pretext that Saddam Hussein was developing weapons of mass destruction (Keegan, 2005).
The response of the United States’ invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq received mixed reactions from the international community with some condemning and others supporting the invasion. Given that even to date no single weapon of mass destruction has been found in Iraq (Keegan, 2005), the international community is skeptical of what informed the invasion.
Conclusion The United States remains the world’s largest economy followed by china and this aspect hinges on the economic policies made from Reagan’s time as the president. It is also the most powerful nation and it has aided in curtailing terrorist activities around the world due to its advanced and sufficiently funded military as compared to other countries across the world.
Reference List Fitzgerald, F. (2000). Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan, Stars Wars, and the End of the Cold War. New York, NY: Simon
Evidence for the Safety and Efficacy of Metal-on-Metal Hip Prosthesis: Sufficient or Insufficient? Expository Essay online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Materials and Design
Clinical Safety and Efficacy
Introduction The development of joint replacement surgery was a major milestone in orthopedic surgery. Hip replacement is often the only viable solution for patients with advanced joint deterioration. Total hip arthroplasty is usually the last recourse for patients whose condition cannot be resolved clinically.
Successful hip replacement usually leads to a better quality of life for the patient, due to the elimination of pain, and restoration of mobility. In addition, hip replacement improves the overall functioning of the body.
The most common medical condition that can lead to the need for hip replacement is osteoarthritis. Other conditions include inflammatory arthritis, fracture, dysplasia, and malignancy.
The use of Metal-on-Metal hip replacement implants arose from the need to have durable implants. Metals also offered biomedical engineers a wide range of possibilities when designing Metal-on-Metal hip implants. Apart from durability, biomedical engineers could treat metals to make them inert, and to make them withstand corrosion better that most materials.
Materials and Design There are two types of Metal-on-Metal hip replacement systems. The first type is the total hip replacement system. Total hip replacement involves the substitution of the hipbone and the hip joint with a metallic system as shown in Figure 1 below.
The second type of hip implant is used in cases where the hipbone is not very damaged, by where the hip joint has deteriorated. In this case, a replacement hip joint substitutes the lining of the hip joint in the place of worn out cartilage as shown in Figure 1 below.
Four main types of hip replacements are available to patients. The first type is the Metal-on-Plastic implant. Usually, this type of implant is made using a polyethylene socket, while the bearing is made from cobalt-chrome alloy. The second type of hip implant is the Metal-on-Metal implant made from cobalt-chromium alloy, titanium alloy, or sometimes stainless steel.Figure 1: Metal-on-Metal Hip Implant Systems
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The third type of implant is the Ceramic-on-Ceramic implant. This type of implant has the best durability because of the resistant nature of ceramics. The debris produced as the joint wears is also not toxic to the human body. The fourth type of implant is the Ceramic-on-Polyethylene implant. This type combines the qualities of the two materials to produce a very durable implant.
Table 1 below compares devices from different manufacturers.
Name of Device Manufacturer Market Status Reasons ASR XL Acetabular system DePuy Recalled 2010 High 5-year failure rate of 13% R3 Acetabular system Smith and Nephew Orthopaedics Recalled 2012 Studies showed problems with metal liners in systems Rejuvenate ABG II metal hip stems Stryker Recalled 2012 Multiple failures including dislocation and pain Acetabular Component (Durom Cup) Zimmer Durom Recalled 2008 Voluntary recall by company citing low skill levels among surgeons Table 1: Device Comparison
Clinical Safety and Efficacy A team of researchers at the Joint Replacement Institute of the Orthopedic Hospital in Los Angeles conducted a study to investigate the performance of Metal-on-Metal hip replacement implants. The study was titled “Metal-on-Metal Hybrid Surface Arthroplasty: Two to Six-Year Follow-up Study”. It was published by Amstutz et al. in 2004 in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
The researchers studied the performance of 400 Metal-on-Metal hip replacements in 355 patients who had undergone arthroplasty after an average of three and a half years. The reviews were done three months after the arthroplasty, and then annually for a period of three years.
The findings from the study were as follows. First, the researchers found that most of the patients were able to resume active lifestyles after the arthroplasty, including participating in sporting activities. The level of activity of each patient dictated the rate of wear of the replacement joints.
Out of the 400 hip arthroplasty procedures, twelve (3%) required total replacement after four years due to loosening of the femoral component, or due to neck fractures on the femoral component. The main risk factors associated with the degradation of the femoral component were large femoral heads, female gender, patient height, and small component size in male patients.
We will write a custom Critical Writing on Evidence for the Safety and Efficacy of Metal-on-Metal Hip Prosthesis: Sufficient or Insufficient? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The researchers concluded that in the overall sense, their review of the performance of Metal-on-Metal arthroplasty gave an encouraging picture. Secondly, the researchers concluded that optimal femoral preparation was a key success factor in hybrid Metal-on-Metal arthroplasty.
In addition, optimal sizing of the replacement joint was also necessary for successful operation of a replacement hip. The researchers also concluded that replacing a Metal-on-Metal joint by a standard femoral component is easy to carry out.
This research project supported the continued use of Metal-on-Metal hybrid joints based on their durability. The researchers failed to take into account the impact of the metallic debris on periprosthetic tissue. This shows that the researchers were biased towards the performance of the Metal-on-Metal hybrid joints at component level.
Clarke et al. (2003) conducted research into the toxicological exposure to Chromium and Cobalt in patients who had undergone Metal-on-Metal hip arthroplasty. The researchers presented their findings in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery in an article titled, “Levels of Metal Ions after Small and Large Diameter Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty”.
The hypothesis of the project was that the production of arthroplasty debris would be less after resurfacing arthroplasty that after total hip arthroplasty. The patients chosen to participate in the research project were those who had undergone arthroplasty at least six months prior to the research. The inclusion criteria included having undergone either total hip arthroplasty or resurfacing arthroplasty.
The exclusion criteria include the presence of other metallic prosthesis in the body with the exception of titanium. In addition, the researchers excluded patients with secondary exposure to cobalt or chromium.
The researchers compared the levels of chromium and cobalt in two sets of 22 patients who had undergone resurfacing arthroplasty and those who has undergone total hip arthroplasty. The first finding was that patients who had undergone resurfacing arthroplasty had medium serum levels of cobalt and chromium of 38 nmol/l and 53 nmol/l.
These levels were much greater than the levels found in those who had undergone total hip arthroplasty, which were 22 nmol/l and 19 nmol/l respectively. This notwithstanding, the researchers noted that these levels were significantly greater than the levels in patients without implants, which is typically 5 nmol/l.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Evidence for the Safety and Efficacy of Metal-on-Metal Hip Prosthesis: Sufficient or Insufficient? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The researchers concluded that larger diameter implants result in greater exposure to cobalt and chromium. In addition, they concluded that patients have a higher level of metal ion concentrations after resurfacing arthroplasty compared to total hip arthroplasty.
The main criticism about this research project was that it focused too much on the impacts of the metal debris arising from hip arthroplasty. A balanced view of the subject should have included a cost-benefit analysis aimed at finding out whether this condition was better than the prognosis arising from hip problems. This way, it would have been easier to decide whether the risks are worth taking.
A study by researchers in South Korea sought to establish whether metal hypersensitivity had a role in the onset of osteolysis after total hip arthroplasty.
Park et al. (2005) conducted their research in the Departments of Orthopedic Surgery, Dermatology, and Pathology in the Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, located at the Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea. They presented their findings in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery through an article titled, “Early Osteolysis Following Second-Generation Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacement”.
The researchers wanted to investigate the possible role of metal hypersensitivity in the etiology of osteolysis. Their research was motivated by the increasing use of Metal-on-Metal components for hip arthroplasty as a replacement for metal-on-polyethylene components, especially on second-generation patients. The researchers studied 165 patients (169 hips) who had undergone total hip arthroplasty between 2000 and 2002.
The researchers followed the patients for a period of twenty-four months. After this period, the researchers found that nine patients had developed osteolytic lesions. The researchers then conducted skin patch tests for hypersensitivity on the nine patients, and in a control group of nine patients who did not have the lesions.
The researchers also conducted further tests on two hips during replacement surgery. These tests included microbiological cultures, histopathologic examinations, and immunohistochemical analysis on the two hips.
The results obtained by the researchers showed that the patients who had developed osteolytic lesions had a higher hypersensitivity reaction to cobalt compared to their cohort. The two hips that underwent further tests showed no signs of metallic staining. There was however a high concentration of lymphocytes in the periprosthetic region.
The researchers failed to find a way of telling apart natural sensitivity to Cobalt from acquired hypersentivity. This leaves the research findings open to interpretation because there is no proof adduced to the heightened levels of cobalt in the bodies of patients. In the same way, the researchers failed to find out whether Metal-on-Metal prosthesis has anything to do with osteolysis. This reduces the overall efficacy of the report.
A research project conducted in the Departments of Orthopedics and Pathology, at the Klinikum der Universität Göttingen in Göttingen, Germany sought to find out whether there is evidence to support the presence of an immunological reaction in patients who undergo a successive arthroplasty using Metal-on-Metal implants.
The findings of the research project by Willart et al. (2005) were presented in the article titled “Metal-on-Metal Bearings and Hypersensitivity in Patients with Artificial Hip Joints”.
The initial observation by the researchers that triggered the research process was that the some patients experienced a recurrence of preoperative symptoms after undergoing a second-generation total hip arthroplasty.
Ideally, the surgery should have alleviated the entire range of symptoms related to aging prosthesis. In this regard, the researchers developed the project to find out why there was little or no change in patients who underwent arthroplasty involving second-generation Metal-on-Metal prosthesis.
The researchers collected clinical data and examined periprosthetic tissue from nineteen patients who underwent arthroplasty in participating clinics. The sample was chosen on a consecutive basis as an application of random sampling.
Out of the nineteen patients, fourteen patients received alumina-ceramic or metal-on-polyethylene implant. Five patients received second-generation Metal-on-Metal total joint replacement. The researchers used immunihistochemical methods to test the periprosthetic samples. They also used histological methods to test the samples.
The main findings that the researchers reported were that the patients who underwent Metal-on-Metal total hip replacement had a recurrence of the preoperative symptoms characterized by an immunological reaction.
The evidence adduced to support an immunological reaction was the presence of T and B lymphocyte cells in the periprosthetic region. In addition, immunohistochemical tests showed that the immunological reactions were ongoing as at the time of the test.
This project made very important findings in regards to the impact of metallic debris arising from Metal-on-Metal prosthesis. The researchers did not provide a conclusive proposal on how to deal with the issues. This leaves the readers with task of deciding what to do about the prosthesis. Good research reports need to take into account the likely range of actions.
Fisher et al. (2004) conducted a simulated experiment on the performance of surface engineered prosthesis to find out whether it is possible to reduce the rate to wear on metal-to-metal prosthesis. The researchers used a simulator to mimic the operating conditions of a Metal-on-Metal prosthesis. Lower rates of wear and tear associated with Metal-on-Metal prosthesis compared to other types of implants inspired the researchers.
Metal-on-Metal prostheses have much lower wear rates compared to polyethylene prostheses. However, the researchers were aware that the levels of toxicity of the residue associated with Metal-on-Metal prostheses were higher that the levels associated with residue from other materials.
Therefore, they identified the need for Metal-on-Metal prostheses with lower wear rates to eliminate or reduce the toxicity associated with metallic residue. The stated goals of the project were to investigate the wear, wear debris, and ion release of fully coated surface engineered Metal-on-Metal bearings for hip prostheses.
The researchers used the Leeds Mark II physiological hip joint simulator operating at 1 Hz to conduct the wear experiments. This enabled them to collect the debris from the exercise. The test units were five types of surface engineered prosthesis. The researchers also subjected conventional Metal-on-Metal prostheses to the simulator tests to develop a comparison.
They found that the surface engineered bearings had a wear rate that was at least 18 times lower than traditional prosthesis after one million cycles and 36 times lower after five million cycles.
The differences were calculated by measuring the debris levels and ion concentration in the lubricants. The debris levels and ion concentration in the lubricants were much lower when the experiments were done using surface engineered prostheses.
The experiment by Fisher shows that it is possible to reduce the wear rate of metallic prostheses. Theoretically, this should reduce the problems associated with high serum concentration of metallic ions in patients with Metal-on-Metal prosthesis. However, the researchers failed to find out whether better surface engineering can reduce the problems associated with immunological responses especially in periprosthetic tissue.
Conclusion This review shows that in the period prior to 2005, there was increasing concern regarding the use of Metal-on-Metal implants because of the immunological reactions caused by hypersensitivity to high ion concentration. In addition, the long-term impact of high ion concentration is unknown. Surface engineering can help resolve these fears.
Reference List Amstutz, HC, Beaule, PE, Dorey, FJ, LeDuff, MJ, Campbell, PA
Key Elements and Processes in International Business Communication Report (Assessment) scholarship essay help: scholarship essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Cultural Practices and Barriers
Introduction Business communication is a vital concept that makes it possible for organizations to improve their internal and external work functions. Organizations that have proper communication policies are likely to benefit from their employees’ skills and talents.
Business firms need to establish strong inter-cultural human resource policies to enable their workers perform their duties more effectively. This makes them have organizational cultures that are multi ethnic and this strengthens their appeal in the global market.
Cultural, political and racial differences may act as barriers to effective communication in large organizations if they are not handled properly. Business firms need to improve their workplace communication strategies to help them achieve positive results out of different workplace functions.
This paper will discuss key elements and processes of international business communication and how they contribute to effective communication between employees at work.
Diagram 1: An illustration of international business communication processes.
Cross-Cultural Skills Managers need to improve their cross cultural skills to make them adapt to changing work environments they are exposed to. They need to understand employees’ backgrounds to enable them to communicate effectively with them.
Managers need to improve their communication skills to make them understand strategies they need to use to get quality output from their employees.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This makes it possible for them to create strong workplace systems that recognize the importance of ethnic diversity and cultural exchanges at all levels. Globalization has increased interactions between people from different countries, cultures and racial backgrounds.
This has made more organizations recognize the importance of embracing human resource diversity at the workplace (Karahanna, Evaristo
The Theme of Servitude in “The Tempest” Report (Assessment) essay help online free
William Shakespeare’s play “The Tempest” provides an in-depth description of the extent to which humans have subjected their fellow humans to injustices.
One of the most well described forms of injustice is slavery. Throughout the play, the theme of servitude is shown by the inability of various characters to obtain personal freedom. However, Acts III and IV move the theme of servitude into deeper and more complex levels, describing various forms of servitude.
In Act III, scene 1, different forms of servitude are evident. First, the reader is able to recognize that Ferdinand is committed to serve Prospero, a fact that he does not like. To make his duties to Prospero look pleasant, he assumes that he is working for Miranda, the woman he loves. In Ferdinand, the reader can perceive different forms of servitude. For instance, the love he has for different women clear indicates service to humanity.
Although he feels that his love for Miranda is real, he sees the love he has for other beautiful women as a form of slavery. For instance, in this act he is quoted saying, “…Full many women/ I have had best regards, and many times, the harmony of their tongues has taken me into bondage…”
In addition, Ferdinand is used to show the theme of ‘service to duty’. For instance, his loyalty to Prospero is for a reason- he wants to win Miranda’s heart. Although he does not like his status, Prospero agrees that Ferdinand has “loyalty” and endures the “wooden slavery” (carrying heavy logs).
In the conversation between Prospero and Ferdinand, it becomes clear that Prospero sees Ferdinand as a loyal servant rather than a slave. In this case, it is clear that the reference to Caliban is used to show the different forms of servitude. For instance, Caliban is a total slave, whose entire life revolves around his services to Prospero. On the other hand, Ferdinand’s service to Prospero is not forced but dedicated to win Miranda.
The fact that Ferdinand humbles himself, both literally and physically, when he talks about his dedication to Miranda, is a clear indication of another form of servitude. He has mentally been enslaved by his love for the girl. On the other hand, Miranda speaks of a similar form of servitude, but in her own accord.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, she says that her father’s precepts are somewhat a form of bondage to her, but she disregards them. In fact, it is clear that Prospero’s presence in the scene is used to show his control Miranda.
In Act III scene II, the theme of servitude is elaborated further, but in the form of “service to man”. For instance, Caliban has become a servant to Stephano, who refers him as “servant monster”. In addition, Stephano, who is now “the lord of the Island”, controls Trinculo.
He threatens to kill him if he disobeys. Secondly, the Scene also reveals that a sorcerer in the island has held the invisible Ariel hostage. He is not able to leave the island, thus becoming the sorcerer’s slave.
In Act IV, it is clear that Prospero has been enslaved by his commitment to protect Miranda. In fact, he protects her virginity. He believes that it is his duty to ensure that she gets the right man at the right time, and is protected from lust displayed by love-hungry men.
In conclusion, the theme of servitude is portrayed in a deeper and more complex level. There is evidence of slavery versus duty. While such characters as Caliban are actual slaves, others like Ferdinand and Prospero are held hostage by their dedication for such issues as love and duty for Miranda respectively.
Role of the Unconscious in Personality Theories Compare and Contrast Essay essay help
Introduction In the discussion of how the unconscious mind influences personality, one cannot negate the role of psychoanalysis.
According to Kihlstrom, Beer, and Klein, psychoanalysis refers to the “aspects of Freud’s work and research, including Freudian therapy and the research methodology that he used to develop his theories” (2002, p.68).
In the formulation of the personality of theory, Freud largely depended on case studies conducted on his patients together with direct observations of the behavior of the patients. According to Freud, the human mind is organized into two chief parts: the conscious and unconscious mind.
The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the role of the unconscious in personality theories using two perspectives of the course. These perspectives are psychoanalytic and social cognitive approaches to the construction of personality.
Before this section, an effort is made to discuss the conscious and unconscious minds in terms of how they help to construct the personality of people.
Functioning of Conscious and Unconscious Mind Conscious Mind
The conscious mind carries the information that people can comprehend. People can freely and precisely talk about these aspects of their mental processes in a robust and rational way. Part of the conscious mind involves human memory.
However, as Matt (2011) notes, not all information that is held in the conscious memory forms part of people’s consciousness although the information is retrievable easily so that it can be introduced into their awareness (p.81).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From Freud’s theory of personality, this reminiscence is referred to as the normal recall, or simply the preconscious recollection. Freud used the analogy of submerged ice to describe how the human mind is divided.
According to him, the conscious mind constitutes the smallest portion of an individual’s mind. Freud argued that most of the memories and feelings that help to construct the personality of an individual are hidden from the conscious mind (Matt, 2011).
Hence, the many feelings and memories that are displayed in the personality of an individual constitute the province of “the unconscious mind, which he divided into superego, ego, and id” (Matt, 2011, p. 81).
The unconscious mind is the second part of the human mind from the perspective of the Freud’s theory of personality. It acts as the principle storage for all thoughts, memories, and feelings together with urges that exist outside people’s conscious awareness.
With regard to Kihlstrom, Beer, and Klein (2002), most of the contents of unconscious memory are unpleasant and/or unacceptable under normal circumstances (p.73). They include the feeling of conflicts and pain together with anxiety among other things.
In his analysis of Sigmund Freud’s theory of personality, Matt (2011) argues, “unconsciousness continues to influence our behaviors and experiences, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences” (p.43).
Consequently, the unconscious mind is part of the human mind that people have no direct control over in any way.
We will write a custom Essay on Role of the Unconscious in Personality Theories specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Unlike the conscious mind, the unconscious mind is a store of instinctual wishes, needs, and actions relating to ghosts and the dead. It is also a store for desires, shocking and upsetting memories, unpleasant emotions, and social ideas, which are not removable from the mind.
The process of action of the unconscious mind is described by the term psychological repression. Recollections and opinions from the earlier periods can be removed from the instantaneous consciousness.
These memories give rise to emotions together with thoughts that people have in their conscious memories. Since the personality of an individual is permanent and that these memories are removable, it is arguable that they do not influence the personality of an individual.
A person does not obtain ideas directly in the unconscious mind for ordinary examination (Fleeson, 2004).
However, emotions and ideas from the unconscious mind can become conscious by use of methods such as analyzing dreams, verbal slips, hypnosis, and free association of people with same interests. These methods are carefully examined and done during psychoanalysis.
Psychotherapy is a process, which aims at inhibiting emotions and ideas into a mindful state for relieving the tolerant person of suffering from recurring untrue thoughts.
According to Freud, the unconscious part of the mind is referred to as the id.It is composed of people’s basic needs and wishes. The id behaves in accordance with a principle known as pleasure principle that prevents pain. Freud also defines ego as a component of the unconscious mind.
He says that ego constitutes the conscious whole character and natural aspects that intervene between the unconscious portion of the mind and reality (Matt, 2011, p.48).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Role of the Unconscious in Personality Theories by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Comparing and Contrasting the Roles of the Unconscious in Personality Theories Types of Personality Theories
Several theories can be used to explain personalities of individuals. They include behavioral theories, trait theories, social cognitive theories, psychoanalytic theories, and humanistic theories.
In these theories, the term personality is used to refer to “dynamic and organized sets of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influence his or her cognitions, emotions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations” (Fleeson, 2004, p.84).
Arguably, the various classifications of theories for personality are based on this definition.
For instance, emotions and motivation give rise to the psychoanalytic theories of personality while the behavioral aspects in the definition of the term personality give rise to the behavioral theories for personality.
Behavioral hypotheses hold that people’s qualities emanate from their relations with the surroundings.
In advancing their argumentations, behaviorists study the various measurable and observable behaviors of people to explain the nature of personality portrayed by individuals (Matt, 2011).
Behavioral theorists such as John Watson reject various theories that suggest that personality of individuals is a function of feelings and the thoughts that form part of the conscious and unconscious mind.
Trait theory argues that the personality of individuals comprises various broad traits. In the context of discussions of this theory, traits refer to characteristics, which are stable within an individual, which guide the course of actions of such persons.
One of such theories is the five-factor theory (Matt, 2011).The origin of personality characteristics is a major concern to biological personality theorists. This group of theorists argues that personality originates from the genetic characteristics of an individual.
In fact, according to Kihlstrom, Beer, and Klein (2002), “researches on heritability suggest a link between genetics and personality traits…” (p.73). Examination of these links drives research in biological personality.
Apart from the two main paradigms of personality theory considered in this paper, another important group of theories that attempt to explain personality comprises the humanistic theory.
This theory pays incredible attention to the significance of the free will of people together with the individual experience in fostering the development of personality. Central to the discussion of the humanistic theories is the concept of self-actualization.
This concept emphasizes that personal growth is an important aspect that influences or motivates the behavior of people (Matt, 2011).
Behavior is an important aspect that affects the personality of an individual from the perspective of social cognitive and psychoanalytic personality and theoretical paradigms. Abraham Maslow is one of the well-known advocates of humanist personality theory.
Since the purpose of this paper is limited to the discussion of roles of the unconscious mind in personality theories from only two perspectives, the remaining part of the paper considers psychoanalytic and social cognitive perspectives only.
Roles of Unconscious Mind in the Social Cognitive Theory of Personality
From the perspective of psychoanalytic and social cognitive theories of personality, consciousness forms the phenomenal substance, which helps to guide the mental functioning in the life of a human being.
It forms the foundation in which contextualization of events, construction of courses of action, and even planning of various actions are made (Bandura, 1995). Arguably, after the environmental learning experience, a mental effort is not required to perform various tasks.
Rather, the unconscious mind functions as the constant reminder of the appropriate course of action whenever one encounters a situation requiring actions that have been executed before in response to a given environmental stimuli.
The manner in which one responds to certain stimuli through a given set of behavioral actions that are peculiar to a particular individual constitutes the personality of such an individual (Bandura, 1995).
From the perspective of social cognitive theories, the responses to certain environmental stimuli in automated ways are attributable to the information stored in the unconscious mind of an individual.
The main challenges of social cognitive theorists are to develop an explanation of how these cognitions are developed.
Addressing the above challenges constitutes the main points of departure on the role of unconscious from the perspective of social cognitive and psychoanalytic theorists.
For instance, while the psychoanalytic perspective holds that some characteristics of an individual that constitute the personality of him or her are owed to the functioning of the unconscious mind, the social cognitive paradigm argues that “consciousness cannot be reduced to an epiphenomenon of the output of a mental process realized mechanically at unconscious lower levels” (Bandura, 1999, p.7).
From the basis of this assertion, social cognitive theory emphasizes that it is important for a distinction to be drawn between functional properties of the brain of a person and the physical processes for thoughts that are deployed by the given individual.
While a psychoanalytic subscriber would incline to the position that the human unconscious mind is responsible for reactions involving negative experiences, the social cognitive theoretical paradigm maintains that people’s unconscious mind is essentially generative, proactive, and creative, apart from being self-reflective or reactive (Bandura, 1999, p.3).
This argument implies that practices leading to cognitions that are held within the unconscious mind are not only developing behaviors but also determinative manipulations.
The unconscious mind is viewed from the perspective of social cognitive as the storage of information that must be activated to help in reacting towards the determination of the required course of action.
Additionally, socials cognitive theorists emphasize that, in the expression of the personality of individuals, people must actuate certain brain processes so that selected intentions can be realized. These intentions define the personality of a given individual.
Hence, for the expression of the characteristics of a person that make him or her unique from other people, certain schemas within the unconscious mind must be excited.
Such schemas are made up of socially cognized and/or generated experiences. The central argument here is that the memories stored in the unconscious mind are acquired from the environment.
The social cognitive theory on personality holds that people display certain behaviors due to four main key factors: rewards, cues, drives, and responses (Bandura, 1999).
In case an individual is motivated for learning a given behavior, he or she uses the observation technique to learn the behavior. This behavior defines the personality of the individual once its schemas are developed in the unconscious memory.
Once a person observes behavior, it is solidified through learning. Therefore, the individual does not have to put any effort mentally to recall it and/or display it in a phenotypic manner.
In this perspective, the personality of an individual is a function of the learned behaviors from the environment.
Roles of Unconscious Mind in the Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality
As argued before, social cognitive theory emphasizes that the personality of an individual is constructed by the social experiences through learning of behaviors from the environment.
Once these behaviors are fully learnt, the unconscious memory serves the purpose of automatically retrieving the memories that call into action the appropriate behaviors once stimuli, which demands reaction by a certain behavior, is experienced (Bandura, 1995).
This purpose of the unconscious mind is opposed to the purpose of the unconscious mind in the formation of the personality of an individual from the perspective of psychoanalysis as stipulated and discussed by Sigmund Freud.
Freud believed that one of the amicable mechanisms of uncovering the personality of his patients was through the free association with them. According to Matt (2011), patients were requested to describe what appeared in their minds whenever a discussion of certain topics was initiated.
Additionally, Freud also conducted scrutiny of dreams of people in the attempt to establish a link between the unconscious mind and the personality of his patients.
Via an intensive analysis of the preconscious mind together with the unconscious mind of patients, Freudian school of thought implies that the personality of an individual is possible to evaluate.
Consequently, a psychotherapeutic treatment of mental ailments can be conducted. Based on this psychoanalytic approach to personality, it means people have no control over their personality.
Rather, it is controlled by the unconscious mind, which under the normal functioning of a person, is difficult to unveil.
This argument perhaps explains why the Freudian approach to the determination of personality of an individual over dwells on the analysis of dreams as opposed to social cognitive perspective.
While dreaming, an individual is not under control of his or her thinking process (Fleeson, 2004).
However, in the dreams, an individual reminiscences situations, which are encountered in real life by attempting to respond to them depending on the acquired experience on some of the effective means of tackling such situations.
This argument underlines the significance of considering socio-cognitive theoretical perspective in the determination of the roles of the unconscious mind against the psychoanalytic perspective.
This case is significant since it is arguable that the dreams discussed by Freud as proactive means of determining the role of the unconscious mind in the construction of personality have the possibilities of being based on the information acquired through social interactions between the dreamer and other people within the environment.
Social cognitive theory of personality provides an account of the personality of people based on the cognitions acquired by their interaction processes.
Psychoanalysis approach argues, “The unconscious is the storehouse of instinctual desires, needs, psychic actions, and a repository for socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires, and traumatic memories” (Kihlstrom, Beer
What Changes Do French Students Want to Make in Their Society? Essay online essay help: online essay help
The students fought for meaningful changes in the 1960-1970s. Notably, those changes were to improve educational system of the country. Nonetheless, they were also to change considerably the very basis of the society.
In the first place, students demanded improvement of the tuition. Young people claimed that professors were absolutely indifferent to their subjects, students and their development. However, the youth believed it was professors’ task to inspire new generations to develop and grow.
Students were tired of the boring lectures that did not give anything to them. They longed for discussions and real interaction with their professors. Students argued that discussions would let them think critically and self-develop.
Another way to make students truly gain knowledge was to change the form of examination. Students demanded to change the very way students were assessed. They argued that tests could only check students’ memory.
However, it was more critical to check whether students are capable of analyzing and evaluating. Young people understood it was more important to learn to think, than to memorise mere facts.
Finally, students also touched upon wider issues. They argued that the very system of education was to be changed as it was meant to provide the system with proper tools. In other words, students understood that education was not accessible for everyone, though politicians claimed it was.
Young people argued that it was the right time for students and workers to unite as those two social strata were closely connected. Students did not want to become isolated from the social reality.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They wanted to make the society better. Therefore, it is possible to state that students wanted to change educational system along with the basis of the society of that period.
What Are the Similarities and Differences between How Women’s Movements and Gay/Lesbian Movements Are Talking about “Liberation” in the United States and Latin America?
One of the major similarities between liberation of women’s and gay/lesbian movements was the desire to change people’s mindset. Women as well as gay people argued that the society was built on false preaching and people’s mindsets were being changed.
They claimed that from the very childhood boys and girls were taught to behave in a particular way and see things in a specific way. In the USA and Latin America, women and gay people saw that they were oppressed and they wanted to diminish that oppression.
Women and gay people saw their liberation as something revolutionary and positive for the development of the society. They argued that they tried to make the right choices and those choices would lead to a better and more progressive world.
As far as differences are concerned, the oppressed strata in the US and Latin America focused on rather different things. One of the central things for US women was the image of a good wife.
The US women claimed that an image of a young and posh girl was the creation of males, which insulted womanhood. They also tried to object and to make males share house chores.
The US women tried to claim that females as well as males had their right to devote their lives to something bigger than cleaning the house and bringing up children. At the same time, women in Latin America focused on their right to terminate pregnancy.
We will write a custom Essay on What Changes Do French Students Want to Make in Their Society? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They claimed that preventing women from birth control was beneficial for white oppressors who could feel safe as black women were buried under their children upbringing.
Black women claimed that liberation meant their ability to make their choices and devote their lives to the struggle, rather than to bringing up lots of children.
What Do Pat Mainardi and Alexandra Kollantai Share in Their Critique of Housework and Women’s Oppression? How Do Their Solutions Differ?
Both feminists agree that women are overwhelmed by housework as females have to clean, wash, iron, cook and look after children as well as their husbands. Both women also believe that women should not have all those ‘responsibilities’ as they should focus on more meaningful things.
The two feminists stress that meaningful things are important for the society as females can help develop the world which has been led by men to a disaster. Mainardi and Kollantai argue that women should be liberated from the chores for the sake of the future.
Nonetheless, the two feminists have different views on the way liberation can be achieved. Mainardi claims that men should share women’s chores.
The feminist stresses that there should be no difference between the genders in this respect. She states that men should also do their lot and this should become common.
When it comes to Kollantai’s views, she is more radical. This can be explained by her mindset as she was a communist. According to Kollantai, the state should share household chores. Thus, the feminist claims that cooking can be fulfilled by state kitchens and canteens.
Washing and even cleaning is also subjected to such a change. The feminist state that a working woman will not be distracted by the house chores.
Not sure if you can write a paper on What Changes Do French Students Want to Make in Their Society? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More More so, taking care of children will also be fulfilled by the state. Therefore, it is clear that Kollantai claims that the state should share household chores, while Mainardi believes males should take up these responsibilities.
Feminism and Modern Friendship Critical Essay custom essay help
It is argued that feminists have become the major opponents of liberalism. Feminism critics assert that this move exhibit an intrinsic gender prejudice, which emphasizes on the works of Sandel and Macintyre.
In the article Feminism and Modern Friendship: Dislocating the Community, Friedman Marilyn explores these allegations (Weiss
Ethical relativism concept Essay argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Lack of a Common Ethical or Moral framework
Ethical and Moral Time Adjustments
Introduction The concept of ethical relativism outlines that ethical principles and actions are relative to social norms. Stated differently, proponents of ethical relativism argue that ethical principles may be “right” or “wrong,” but this judgment is only relative to social norms (Welch 516).
The concept of ethical relativism developed from cultural diversity, to mean that there are significant differences between the moral judgments of different people. Indeed, there is a lot of variation regarding the etiquette, moral values, and principles of different cultural groups.
Therefore, even though people often disagree about whether an issue is “right” or “wrong,” ethical relativism suggests that nobody should assume that their perception of ethics is correct, or incorrect.
Since ethical principles may be “right” or “wrong,” ethical relativism suggests that there should be tolerance among people, even in the face of serious disagreements regarding ethical positions.
Since cultures and people disagree, there is no single criterion for evaluating the truthfulness or falseness of an ethical practice. Without an acceptable criterion for evaluating ethical practices, varying views regarding ethical and moral positions prevail.
The concept of ethical relativism has been the subject of business ethics for several years, but few scholars have provided a definite direction regarding its validity in business.
This paper adopts a simplistic version of the debate and demonstrates that cultural diversity affirms a “relative” interpretation of moral principles and actions.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism is a product of the failure to acknowledge that different cultures have unique sets of beliefs and values (Mustafa
The Expulsion of the Acadians Research Paper online essay help: online essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Acadians in North America
Reasons for Expelling the Acadians
Arguments against the Expulsion
Introduction The expulsion of the Acadians from the British Colony of Nova Scotia by Governor Charles Lawrence is one of the best-known cases of forced displacement of European colonists in North America.
The Acadians originated from French and they moved and settled at the North American Northeastern region called Acadia. This area was taken over by the British in 1713 and it was renamed Nova Scotia.1 However, the majority of inhabitants in the area remained Acadians.
The British allowed the Acadians to retain their land and continue to practice their culture. In 1955, the British decided to expel the Acadians for a number of reasons. The expulsion of the Acadia is the first major episode of state-sponsored ethnic cleansing in North American history.
The necessity of the expulsion of the Acadians has been debated by historians for a number of centuries. While some argue that the expulsion was unnecessary, some declare that it was necessary for the integrity of the British administration in the region.
This paper will argue that Governor Lawrence who issued the command for the expulsion of the Acadians had sufficient reason and justification to engage in this act.
The Acadians in North America The Acadians were the French colonists who immigrated to northeastern North America and settled in the region. French immigration into the region started in earnest during the mid 17th century. French settlers moved to the colony and established the Acadian colony.
By the 18th century, the population of the Acadians had exploded and their number was approximated 15,000. However, rivalries among European powers led to conflicts in the region. France and Britain were significant rival powers in North America.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The colony of Acadia was constantly being moved from Britain to French control depending on which country was exerting dominance in the region. In 1713, The British gained control over Acadia following their victory in the Spanish Succession War.
In an attempt to establish lasting peace, the Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1713.2 This treaty sought to end the war by allocating specific regions to the European powers. The region of Acadia was awarded to the British Empire who began to administer the area.
The British had shown great consideration to the Acadians even after they had gained control over the territory in 1713. Following the victory of the Britons, the French Acadians were allowed to retain their land and property.3
They were also given the freedom to engage in activities just as they had in the past and Britain did not impose her religious preferences on Acadia.
However, the situation for the Acadians changed over the 1740s. During this period, the French and British renewed their war efforts against each other.4
The British began to demand for Acadian support in the conflict. The Britons had asked the Acadians to declare their unequivocal allegiance to Britain. Acadians were to recognize themselves as unconditional subjects of the British Crown.
However, the Acadian delegates asserted that they wished to remain neutral in the event of a war between Britain and their motherland, France.5
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Expulsion of the Acadians specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In response to this, a command was issued by Governor Lawrence for the Acadians to be expelled and dispersed to other colonies all over the New World.
Reasons for Expelling the Acadians The expulsion of the Acadians was justified since Britain needed strong allies in the event of a war. Before the expulsion, the British military had suffered from a major defeat in the North American war in the Ohio country.
At the battlegrounds near Fort Duquesne, the British army had suffered a catastrophic defeat and casualty rates were approaching 40%.6 With such realities, Governor Lawrence needed strong assurance that the Acadians would be on his side in the likely outbreak of war.
The Acadians were not willing to take an oath of loyalty to the British and this brought to question their allegiance. As the Governor of Nova Scotia, Lawrence had the right to take up action to ensure that British territory was protected.
The Acadians were living under British jurisdiction and it was prudent for the governor to ensure that his subjects were loyal to him.
Through their delegates, the Acadians had refused to take the unqualified oath and swear allegiance to the British crown. Governor Lawrence could not be assured that these people would not act as spies in the British governed land.
In spite of their alleged neutrality, some Acadians were involved in military activity against the British. Specifically, British officials had alleged that the Acadians were giving provisions to the French and Indian raiders.
This support from the Acadians made it possible for the raiders to engage in increasingly aggressive attacks against British targets deep in Nova Scotia. British officials confronted Acadian leaders accusing them of colluding with their enemies.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Expulsion of the Acadians by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More When confronted with these accusations, the Acadians claimed that they had only given up provisions under duress imposed by the French soldiers and the fierce Mikmaq warriors.
While it is conceivable that the Acadians had been forced to offer help against their will, the fact that they facilitated attacks against the British made them a liability to the British.
Governor Lawrence therefore had enough reason to expel them and ensure that the invading enemies would not have any local support.
By the time, Britain was demanding for a “declaration of unequivocal allegiance to British interests” from the Acadians, the war with France had begun. An imperial war was going on between France and Britain with both powers trying to control North America.
In their quest for supremacy in North America, both Britain and France wanted to possess greater territory through military conquest.7 Nova Scotia was one of the regions anticipating war and it could be expected that the French would try taking the province of Britain through military means.
Taylor bleakly observes that various European colonizers butchered and dispossessed one another in violent competition for prime settlements.8 It was therefore prudent for Governor Lawrence to ensure that there were no enemy sympathizers within his territory.
The expulsion of the Acadians was seen as a military necessity by Governor Lawrence. By 1755, Nova Scotia was expecting attacks and it was necessary for the province to fortify itself. The Acadians presented a military risk since they had refused to take a loyalty oath to the Britons.
Governor Lawrence therefore needed to take all the precautionary measures necessary to ensure national self-preservation. Expelling the Acadians was a necessary act since these people presented an internal threat to Nova Scotia.
Douglas and Jones assert that Lawrence acted like the commander of a fort expecting a siege who takes all the necessary precautions to ensure that his Fort is prepared to counter any siege attempts from the enemy.9
The Acadians had a deep relationship with the native Mikmaq Indians who were a constant trouble to the British. Taylor reveals that when the French first established trading posts along the Atlantic Ocean, they engaged in trade with the Mikmaq Indians.
This thriving trade relationship led to the establishment of a small settlement of French peasants beginning in 1636. This French settlement was facilitated by the Indians who assisted the French and transformed the peasants into a new people called the Acadians.10
Frequent intermarriages between the French and the Mikmaq strengthened the bond between these two groups. The harmonious coexistence between the two groups richly benefited the Acadians who were able to prosper and expand their territory.
The relationship between the British and the Mikmaq was not as cordial. The Britain had encroached into Indian Territory and they engaged in violent reprisal of these natives. In retaliation, the Indians carried out raids on the British colonies in America.
The Mikmaq had also acted in collaboration with the French to fight the British. Governor Lawrence cited the Acadian French friendliness with the local Indians as one of the reasons for the expulsion.11
The Acadians were trying to establish independence from any form or outside authority. Governing the Acadians was therefore a hard task for the colonial authorities.
While originally under French control, the Acadians started to demonstrate their independence once they started to prosper in the colony. The Acadians were notoriously independent of any authority that demanded any inconvenience.12
They defied French officials and traded their crops with New England merchants even though the French Authorities had restricted them from doing this. The Acadians rarely paid tax or tithe and they refused to obey their superiors.
The Acadians did not change their attitude towards authority even when the British took control of Nova Scotia from the France and began to rule the region.
The British needed to have a significant fighting force in the event of an attack from the French. In addition to the standing army, the British relied on the colonies to serve in the provincial militia in the event of a war.
The Acadians had made it clear that they would not join either the British or the French in battle.13 However, they were occupying British territory and benefiting from British protection.
The British wanted to replace the French Acadians with English settlers who could be relied upon to protect the crown.14
Governor Lawrence therefore had good reason to expel the Acadians and free up the land for British settlers. These new settlers could be relied upon to serve in the provincial militia against the French and the Indians.
Arguments against the Expulsion Opponents of the expulsion of the Acadians claim that Governor Lawrence had no real reason for his action. They highlight that the Acadians had remained in the territory for decades without ever allying themselves to the French.
In response to the doubts about Acadian loyalty presented by the British, the Acadians through their delegates claimed, “you will see, that, very far from violating the oath we have taken, we have maintained it in its entirety, in spite of the solicitations and the dreadful threats of another power”.15
This suggests that they were willing to sever ties with the French and live independently. The Acadians wished to be considered neutral people who would not fight against the Britons.
As proof of their loyalty, the Acadians declared that they had never fought for France between 1713 and 1755.16 Instead, they had remained neutral even as their home country had battled out with the Britain in North America.
While this might be the case, the Acadians held some attachment to their French origins. It should be noted that the Acadians refused to swear an oath of allegiance to Britain since they did not wish to take up arms against the French, whom they considered their kin.
Governor Lawrence was therefore justified in expelling the Acadians since their allegiance to the French could not be completely ruled out.
The Acadians had demonstrated a willingness to remain in British territory even when the French attempted to entice them to move to French controlled regions.
Once the region of Acadia had been awarded to the British Empire, the French administration tried to remove the Acadians from the region. French officials wanted the Acadians to settle at the new fortified settlement at Louisbourg.
The French attempted to force the Acadians to relocate into French territory by adopting a policy of destruction and intimidation.17 However, the Acadians preferred the peace and comforts of their well-established farms on British territory.
It is therefore likely that the Acadians would not side with the French in the case of an attack against the British. However, Governor Lawrence would be taking a risk since there was no guarantee of Acadian loyalty.
Governor Lawrence already suspected the Acadians of treachery following the attack on Fort Beausejour where 200 Acadians were captured fighting alongside the French. Expelling the Acadians was the only sure way of ensuring that these people did not turn against the Britons.
Discussion Some popular writings on the event have cast Governor Lawrence and the British as villains. In such texts, the British are portrayed as cruel people who engage in the great crime of dispossessing thousands of the peaceful Acadians just because of their French origins and Catholic culture.
Historians record that the expulsion of the Acadians effectively destroyed Acadian society. In a matter of days, the Acadian community, which had established itself in Nova Scotia for over a century, was broken up and families were dispersed.
The Acadians are absolved of any responsibility they might have had for their deportation. It is true that the displacement of the Acadians led to great losses as their way of life was destroyed. However, the British did this in order to protect their national self-interests.
The Acadians were given a chance by Governor Lawrence to save themselves. The refusal by the Acadians to take the oath proved that they could never become loyal subjects to the crown. After that, the Governor had no choice but to displace the Acadians.
Conclusion This paper set out to demonstrate that Governor Lawrence had sufficient reason to expel the Acadians in 1755. It began by documenting the historical events surrounding this great expulsion.
The paper has articulated that Governor Lawrence’s’ expulsion order was prompted by the failure to make the Acadians into completely trustworthy subjects of the British Crown.
From this paper, it is clear that the Acadians were to blame for refusing to take the loyalty oath that would have proved to the British that they were not hostiles. The paper has taken care to highlight the cruel nature of the expulsion.
It has noted that the expulsion led to great losses by the Acadians who were uprooted from their homes. However, this action was necessary from a military point of view.
Governor Lawrence’s actions served as a final solution of the Acadian problem that had long faced the British in Nova Scotia.
Bibliography Acadian Delegates. Letter from Acadians in Minas and Pisiquid to Governor Lawrence, read into the Minutes of the Nova Scotia Council, 3 July 1755. Quebec: Public Documents, 1755.
Douglas, Francis and Jones Richard. Journeys: A History of Canada. Quebec: Cengage Learning, 2009.
French, Laurence. Legislating Indian Country: Significant Milestones in Transforming Tribalism. NY: Peter Lang, 2007.
Minutes of the Albany Commissioners of Indian Affairs (MACIA). An Abridgment of the Indian Affairs Contained in Four Folio Volumes, Transacted in the Colony of New York, from the Year 1723–1748. Ottawa: National Archives of Canada, 1820.
Parmenter, Jon and Power Mark. “The Perils and Possibilities of Wartime Neutrality on the Edges of Empire: Iroquois and Acadians between the French and British in North America, 1744–1760.” Diplomatic History 31, no.2 (2007): 167-206
Poliandri, Simone. First Nations, Identity, and Reserve Life: The Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.
Rothbard, Murray. Conceived in Liberty, Auburn: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 1975.
Taylor, Alan. “Cleansings”. New Republic 232, no. 20 (2005): 29-33.
Thorner, Thomas. A Few Acres of Snow: Documents in Pre-Confederation Canadian History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009.
Wentworth, Benning. Letters from Benning Wentworth to the Duke of Newcastle, 10 June 1744. London: Public Record Office, 1744.
Footnotes 1 Thomas Thorner, A Few Acres of Snow: Documents in Pre-Confederation Canadian History (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009), 41.
2 Simone Poliandri, First Nations, Identity, and Reserve Life: The Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia (Nebraska: U of Nebraska Press, 2011), 200.
3 Thomas, 41.
4 Benning Wentworth, Letters from Benning Wentworth to the Duke of Newcastle, 10 June 1744 (London: Great Britain, Public Record Office, 1744), 35.
5 Minutes of the Albany Commissioners of Indian Affairs (MACIA), An Abridgment of the Indian Affairs Contained in Four Folio Volumes, Transacted in the Colony of New York, from the Year 1723–1748 (Ottawa: National Archives of Canada, 1820) 23.
6 Francis Douglas and Richard Jones, Journeys: A History of Canada (Quebec: Cengage Learning, 2009), 67.
7 Jon Parmenter and Mark Power, “The Perils and Possibilities of Wartime Neutrality on the Edges of Empire: Iroquois and Acadians between the French and British in North America, 1744–1760,” Diplomatic History 31, no.2 (2007): 171,
8 Alan Taylor, “Cleansings,” New Republic 232, no. 20 (2005): 30.
9 Francis and Richard, 67.
10 Alan, 30.
11 Laurence French, Legislating Indian Country: Significant Milestones in Transforming Tribalism (NY: Peter Lang, 2007), 20.
12 Alan, 31.
13 MACIA, 23.
14 Laurence, 19.
15 Acadian Delegates, Letter from Acadians in Minas and Pisiquid to Governor Lawrence, read into the Minutes of the Nova Scotia Council, 3 July 1755 (Quebec: Public Documents, 1755), 247.
16 Francis and Richard, 67.
17 Parmenter, Jon and Power 198
Explaining Survey Research from a Personal Perspective Exploratory Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Operational Definitions of Relevant Variables
Data Collection Procedures
Introduction Survey research is one of the most commonly used research techniques in political science studies. The researcher, in a survey study, is supposed to select a sample of participants from a target population and provide them with questionnaires, designed with the relevant questions.
Apart from the questionnaires that are issued as written documents, researchers in survey studies can also administer the questions through other methods such as face-to-face interviews, online questionnaires, or telephone interviews.
Survey research is normally preferred in political science and other social sciences as it enables researchers to collect data from a large sample size.
This paper explains the major aspects of survey research as applied in the current study that seeks to establish the relationship between location and political affiliation. The main aspects discussed in this paper include the research questions, hypothesis, variables, and data collection methods.
Research Questions Research questions are an important element in a survey study as they help the researchers to focus on a narrow topic area, which is easier to investigate.
Research questions are also used by researchers to organize other aspects of the survey research, including data collection and analysis, research design, discussion and interpretation of findings.
Consequently, research questions enable researchers to identify what they want to do about their topic of study.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several steps that researchers need to follow when conducting a survey research in order to develop conclusive research questions.
Firstly, researchers need to pick an interesting topic that they are personally interested in. This implies that the researchers should choose a topic that they are well conversant and comfortable with.
Secondly, the researchers should conduct some preliminary study about their topic to determine if it suits them. Lastly, the researchers should consider the target participants and audience of the study to ensure that the research questions suit the two groups.
In this particular research on “the effects of location on political affiliation”, the research question developed is: Does the location, whether rural, urban, or suburban, affect political affiliation?
This research question suits the research topic, which is about the effects of location on political affiliation, and the sample, which is composed of participants drawn from rural, urban and suburban regions in the country.
Research questions also enable the researchers to narrow down the study to a specific topic that is manageable.
Hypotheses Hypotheses refer to specific testable predictions that are developed using the independent variables (IVs) and the dependent variables (DVs) in a survey research.
We will write a custom Essay on Explaining Survey Research from a Personal Perspective specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In order for researchers to develop proper hypotheses, it is recommended that they make exclusive literature reviews that can provide the relevant background information for writing testable theories, which take the topic of the study into consideration.
A properly designed hypothesis should contain the IVs and DVs that will be used for the research.
The hypothesis, just like the research questions, is an important element in a survey research as it offers guidance to the researchers. A hypothesis enables the researchers to outline the expected results in a study before conducting it.
A hypothesis also helps the researchers to collect the most appropriate data that is required for analysis. In addition, a hypothesis can be used by researchers to locate sources of the information required for a particular research problem.
In this particular survey study, there were four hypotheses that the researchers sought to test. These hypotheses included:
The level of education influences the degree with which an individual participates in politics
Religion affects an individual’s political affiliation
Gender affects the way an individual involves himself/herself in politics
Location greatly affects an individual’s political affiliation
Operational Definitions of Relevant Variables The main variables in this study include independent and dependent variables, where the former refers to the experimental factor researchers manipulate so as to obtain the latter, which is measurable.
In most cases, there is only one independent variable in every research; many variables would make it difficult for the researchers to determine the effects of the numerous independent variables on the results. In the study described in this paper, the independent variable is location.
Location, in this study, is described as the exact area where each of the participants resides and how it affects his/her choice of a political party.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Explaining Survey Research from a Personal Perspective by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second variable in this study is the dependent variable, which in the case of a survey research refers to a factor that is influenced by the changes in the independent variable. A dependent variable is the factor that researchers in a survey study are interested in measuring.
In the research survey described in this paper, the dependent variable is political affiliation.
Political affiliation, in the study, refers to the political parties in which residents of a particular region, including rural, urban, and suburban areas, choose to identify with, especially during election periods.
It is the political affiliation that the researchers are interested in measuring in this study.
Data Collection Procedures The participants of the survey research were sampled using two different techniques: purposive and convenience sampling techniques. The sample in the first technique was chosen in accordance with the rationale of the research and the researchers’ understanding of the society.
Purposive sampling was mainly used to get participants from colleges, organizations, and other busy places. The other technique, the convenience sampling method, requires researchers to identify participants from the available subjects.
The sampling technique was used to get participants from streets and markets. The sampling method involved stopping potential participants and administering survey questions to them on a face-to-face basis.
The information used for the research was collected through two techniques of data collection: face-to-face and telephone interviews. The face-to-face interviews were used mainly for participants who were identified from the streets, markets, and shopping malls.
Face-to-face interviews are effective and they enable researchers to obtain the highest response rates in a study. As a result, the one on one interviews selected as they helped the researchers to obtain the best possible response rates and make clear any indistinct responses.
The researchers also relied on the data collection technique to help participants who did not understand some of the survey questions.
The second data collection technique, telephone surveys, was to gather information from participants who could not attend the face-to-face interviews. Telephone interviews involved administering the surveys questions to the participant through telephone conversations.
This interview technique was also preferred in the survey research as it saves time; it also enabled the researchers to gather information from the participants who were committed and could not leave their workplaces.
Although conducting telephone interviews to collect data is known to result in low response-rates, the researchers were able to obtain fairly good feedback from the participants who were questioned using the technique.
The Book of Romans in the New Testament Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
The book of Romans is arguably one of the most profound epistles in the New Testament, and perhaps the most important book in the bible. The book centers on Christian faith and the basic christain values that Paul advocated for the church.
It is for this reason that the book is vitally instrumental for evangelical ministries as it directly speaks to the conscience, and invokes redemption. It entails messages of good news, explaining the blessings Christians have for being saved by Jesus Christ.
As a means to glorify God, the book reveals the truth of the gospel, which is supposed to strengthen the faith of believers. The book provides a complete theological framework of Paul’s epistles, laying down the fundamentals of the gospel.
Chronologically, the Romans have played a vital role in the growth of the church over the years; making the scripture essential for every believer to master.
The power of Holy Spirit is severally mentioned in the epistle, and is seen to bring joy, peace and fulfilment. However, it is only attained with salvation, and the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the savior who died so the world can be saved from eternal pain in hell.
Basically, the epistle is a guide for citizenship in the kingdom of heaven; in other words, it lets Christians know how to live righteously in preparation to the inheritance of the kingdom of heaven.
Theoretically, every citizen of the kingdom of heaven is an immigrant, and therefore, there is the need to study the manual that instruct on the ways of the kingdom. Temptation of the body is a topic that Paul immensely covers; explaining how to overcome the lust for flesh (Ehrman 34).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is all about living the right way; the way that God created humans to live, the righteous way. Through faith sinners are transformed and are assured forgiveness, which then allows them to inherit the kingdom of heaven after death.
The book insists on commitments in the responsibility that one pertakes once they declare their believe in Jesus Christ as their savior. Evangelism is seen as a strong message that Paul addresses to the Romans, as he emphasizes on the need to proclaim Jesus as the savior among men.
It is through this acknowledgement that believers get to glorify God by speading the good news to the world. It is through this that evangelism was born as the church was missioned to spread the gospel beyond the church walls.
Paul preached by saying that failing to spread the good news to men only withholds messages that would save them, and also robs God the glory he deserves in his name.
Paul acknowledges that it is impossible to live a pure life without sins, but he also mentions that through the Holy Spirit, believers are capable of living a righteous life as forgiveness is santified by faith.
Women have hugely contributed to the spreading of the gospel, and although Paul is seen condemning them in first Corinthians, it is evident in his epistles that he respects the role they played.
In fact, one can argue that Christianity was invented by women because of the fact that Mary Magdalene was the first to affirm that Jesus had risen from the dead.
We will write a custom Essay on The Book of Romans in the New Testament specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is after this affirmation that the rest of the disciples begun their mission of spreading the gospel, and carrying on Christ’s work (Ehrman 117).
Susanna and Joanna are also examples of the committed women disciples who followed Jesus in his ministry, and helped spread the gospel even after he ascended.
In his letters, Paul greets and appreciates women like Junia, Andronicus, Phoebe, Priscilla, and Chloe, who dedicated their lives in spreading the gospel. Most of them are even imprisoned for their faith, but still remain devoted to Christianity and their mission of preaching the Christian gospel.
Paul’s message in Corinthians that states women should keep silent in the churches (Cor. 14:34), was overated. Paul only meant that they should obey the laws of those times, but never condemned them for preaching the gospel.
Their contribution to Pauls’s church was immense as they not only served in the church, but aso went out on missionary ministries. However, he insisted that women should have self control, and for this, respect their husbands as a wifely duty.
On the other hand, their husband were not to dictate their belief systems especially if they intended to corrupt their faith. As the church grew, women were seen to exercise their various gifts such as speaking in tongues, praying and even interpretting visions.
Today, women like Joyce Meyer have some of the biggest ministries and through outreach programs; they are able to reach out to millions, helping spread the gospel.
The book of revelation views the world in an apocalyptical way whereby all the signs that describe the end time are documented. The book is written in form of visions that are believed to come to pass with time.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Book of Romans in the New Testament by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More All signs point to the final battle where the Antichrist will battle with Jesus in the Armageddon. Some of these scriptures can be scary especially since some of the signs mentioned are happening in the world. However, most people are not scared as they do not believe in Armageddon.
Despite the clear emphasis on the series of events that will take place before the end time, the world’s belief system on prophetic scriptures is not convinved on the genuineness of the biblical texts.
The book of revelation condemns sinners, but at the same time brings hope to Christians especially those that were persecuted for spreading the gospel.
The book comes across with messages of admonition and encouragement, highlighting the triumph of the church after the persecution (Ehrman 92).
The messages in the book of revelation are meant to caution sinners to turn to Jesus Christ who is the only savior. The symbolism of the messages and the apocalyptical view of the current events happening in the world should be a warning for the final days.
In other words, it is a call for preparation for the seven churches mentioned, and the people across the world for Amargeddon.
The world is turning evil as Satan is winning the souls of many by his deceitful ways; however, the prophetic messages in the book of revelation reveal the truth, and with the future being revealed, there is a chance for redemption for everyone who chooses to believe in Jesus Christ as the true and only savior.
Having been offered a glimpse of how heaven and hell looks like, people should be scared of getting caught unaware, and should make their choices.
Regardless of the interpretation, the book of revelation remains to be the detailed piece of literature that transforms the future into reality, revealing future events in an apocalyptic view.
Works Cited Ehrman, Bart D. A Brief Introduction to the New Testament. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.
Ehrman, Bart D. Lost Christianities: The Battles for Scripture and the Faiths We Never Knew. Oxford [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. Print.
Ehrman, Bart D. Peter, Paul and Mary Magdalene: The Followers of Jesus in History and Legend. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.
Evolutionary Psychology Essay (Critical Writing) essay help online
Evolutionary psychology is a field of study, which explores the ways in which information and main beliefs from biology are applied in the understanding of the organization of the brain. However, it does not apply to the study of vision, reasoning, and the social action.
It examines the psychosomatic features, which include the memory, perception, and the use of language. It employs a modern evolutionary approach to establish how human psychological features are adapted (Lloyd,
Kami in traditional religion of Shinto Essay scholarship essay help
Available literature demonstrates that in the Japanese traditional religion of Shinto, the presence of Kami (Gods, spirits) can be manifested to people in various ways and using a multiplicity of objects, such as the sun, mountains, rocks, water bodies, certain animals, trees and even mortal human beings (Yomakoge 67-69).
To experience the presence of Kami, it is required that people, under the guidance of traditional priests known as Kannushi, choose an appropriate place such as a Shinto shrine and maintain a deep and open-hearted sincerity (Yomakoge 74).
In my view, the civil coming-of-age ceremony, which is held annually to recognize the adulthood of individuals who will reach the age of twenty during the calendar year, can be given as a personal account of the manifestation of the presence of Kami owing to the vital energy and power one experiences upon engaging in the ceremony.
The ceremony was led by a Kannushi, who is charged with the responsibility of establishing a favorable relationship between the Kami and the people who follow the Japanese traditional religion (Yomakoge 73-75).
The ceremony was conducted in a mountain that is considered as sacred since people have a deep conviction and belief that one or more Kami descend to the mountain once appeased through following the right procedures.
The civil coming-of-age ceremony conducted by the followers of the Shinto religion can be compared with thanks-giving ceremony, where Christians present themselves in spirit to God to offer their gratitude and seek for direction.
Individuals are inspired to indicate the manifestation of the presence of Kami in diverse ways.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many people use the Jinja (special shrine thought to be the dwelling place of Kami) to get inspiration with the view to indicating the presence of Kami (Yomakoge 65), but things such as the thundering waterfall at the heart of Fuji, the intricate minutiae of a beautiful flower, or even the sound of wind moaning past the trees, can inspire people to feel the presence of Kami.
Owing to the fact that human beings are considered very much a part of nature in the Shinto religion, the presence of Kami can also be experienced in vehicles, music, education and other creations or achievements of human labor.
It is plausible to note that the fundamental energies of power sensed in each of these awing presences or manifestations are not the Kami per se; rather the very presence of this power is the Kami (Parkes 312).
In sketching out ways that can be used to welcome Kami in the above mentioned places/things, it is thought useful to involve the traditional Kannushi to appease the spiritual agents into the human community.
However, available literature demonstrates that traditional priests or Kannushi are increasingly losing relevance due to their overreliance on academic scholarship at the expense of spiritual sensitivity (Yomakoge 75).
To welcome Kami into a particular place, an individual must demonstrate good faith, purity of the heart, and have a deep conviction and belief about the presence of Kami in his or heart.
Indeed, the Kannushi must “have a reverential attitude with a feeling of awe and to prostrate himself in front of Kami. This reverential attitude, combined with a feeling of awe, can probably be described in the broadest sense as an apologetic attitude” (Yomakoge 75).
We will write a custom Essay on Kami in traditional religion of Shinto specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Consequently, individuals can welcome Kami by demonstrating utmost respect to the spirits, orienting themselves toward a reverential (apologetic) attitude, showing integrity of character and cleanliness, and also espousing a deep conviction and belief in a faith that advocates humility, sincerity and prayerful attitude (Yomakoge 76-78).
Works Cited Parkes, Graham. “Stone and Sacred Space in China and Japan: Implications for out Treatment of the Earth.” Nature, Space and the Sacred: Transdisciplinary Perspectives. Ed. Sigurd Bergmann. New York, NY: Ashgate Publishing, 2009. 303-312. Print.
Yomakoge, Motohisa. The Essence of Shinto: Japan’s Spiritual Heart. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 2006. Print.
Surrealist Photography and Experimental Photography Compare and Contrast Essay essay help: essay help
The two photographic techniques that are highlighted extensively are surrealist photography and experimental photography.
These two techniques showcase objects in an in-depth manner, concentrating specifically on the surroundings of the image and creation of an abstract form of art that shaped the history of photography.
These two photographic techniques started in the early twentieth century and have been instrumental in the radical growth that has been seen in photography.
Surrealist photography has its roots in Paris and is based on the attempts to capture a world away from the reality. Surrealists were instrumental in expressing a deeper connection to the inner self and emphasized on the imagination.
Surrealism demonstrated a high affinity to the unconscious and desires that were attached to that. This practice found its core expressionism in photography as in essence, and photography can be likened to the moving out of the ordinary world to another realm.
Photographers like Man Ray, Gyula Halasz, Hals Bellmer and Raoul Ubac were some of the critical photographers who experimented with this kind of photography.
Their photography featured unlikely interactions between standard objects and other times grotesque ones. Due to the tonal variations and reversal of the conventional photography methods, they came up with artwork that is bordering on the mundane.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Most of the surrealist photographers both refer to psychological distortions and scenic creation that is a twisted view of events as well as alluding to the primitive state. Apart from these odd innuendos, they sometimes showed a penchant for sexuality and sensual scenery.
Surrealist photographers collaborated extensively and their abstract art was not only portraying objects in thought-provoking stance, but they also had an affinity for the socially unbecoming like the Paris de Nuit (Paris by night) which was a depiction of prostitution.
On the other hand, experimental photography introduced graphics and especially photography to the commercial field concentrates on advertising.
The original photographers who started this trend came up with images that showcased modernism and they were very instrumental in social appreciation of products that were considered sophisticated.
Thanks to this art form, the commercial boom of some social vices for example, cigarettes was propagated.
Also, like the surrealist photography, they had a partiality to sexuality, but where the surrealist concentrated in distorting as well as painting the female form in a bad light, the experimental photographers took to depicting the female form in an erotic manner.
At this instance, in history, photography was being used to influence social behavior and culture. However, the various European nations saw this as an opportunity to paint their individual agendas in a not only selling of products but also political propaganda.
We will write a custom Essay on Surrealist Photography and Experimental Photography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Photography at this time extended to include a whole level of sophistication and this was seen in the various advertising campaigns that were run, for example, photographer Maurice Tabard’s Dunhill cigarette advertisement.
Photography took a turn for the better with its influence in the film industry with technological advancement directly attributable to experimental photography.
Experimental photography was most influential in terms of the influence of public perception, but surrealist photography is to be given credit in the capturing of spur-of-the-moment expression.
There is a clear contrast in the two, but they both elicit a superior conjecture of creativity and have both been very influential in the direction that photography has taken.
The Role of Information Technology in Business Organization in Oman Report (Assessment) college essay help near me
Overview of information technology and business advancement
According to Wu, Mahajan and Balasubramanian (2003), the role of information technology in the contemporary business environment cannot be overemphasized.
Information technology is one of the vital tools that are being deployed by business organizations as a means of increasing efficiency and effectiveness in business activities, as well as the reduction of business costs.
As of today, a substantial number of firms have adopted e-business practices that are being utilized to discharge business practices, thereby improving business performance.
Information technology results in newer paradigms of management that aim at fostering a highly productive environment in business firms (Lindh 2006). The ability of firms to relate with other firms and thrive in the market is highly boosted by information technology (Tsai 2002).
However, it should be noted that information technology only benefits firms in a business environment where technology is highly embraced.
This means that information technology infrastructure has to be established in a given business environment in order to develop the capacity of information technology adoption in business practices (Ruey-Jer, Rudolf
Social Networks in Modern Business Report (Assessment) essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Advantages of social networks
Disadvantages of social networks
Introduction In recent past, social networking has been on the rise. Many companies and individuals have embraced use of social networks because of their many benefits. For example, companies are using social networks to interact with customers.
Many companies have successfully used social networks to improve their understanding of the modern marketplace (Jue and Kassotakis 45). For example, Del Monte uses social networks to reach out to its customers in a process referred to as customer intimacy (Rainer and Ceglieski 160).
The company has developed three platforms to facilitate communication and interaction with customers. Social networks are beneficial to both individuals and companies.
However, they have several disadvantages that limit their reliability and efficiency. Disadvantages include exposure of data to security risks, possible reduction in employee performance, reduced ability to monitor employees, and reduced organizational efficiency and productivity.
Advantages of social networks Social networks have many advantages that have resulted in increased demand and use. They provide information, enable businesses do things in new and more efficient ways, facilitate communication, and enhance collaboration (Jue and Kassotakis 55).
Common social media tools that organizations and individuals use include Twitter, Facebook, blogs, MySpace, and others that allow free interaction with customers.
Social intranets area common aspect of communication in many organizations. Many organizations sue them as a tool for internal communication.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Social networks transform computers into reliable and efficient sources of information. As such, individuals can access information from numerous sources on the internet.
On the other hand, companies and individuals can conduct research because adequate information is available on different topics and disciplines (Haigh 77). Availability of adequate and relevant information has transformed ways in which organizations conduct business.
Reliability of social networks is the main reason why many organizations choose them as primary sources of information. In addition, retrieval of information is fast and cost-effective (Haigh 78).
In olden days, organizations hired research companies to collect information from customers. However, with advent of social networks, organizations collect first hand information from customers through social networking services such as Facebook, Twitter, and MySpace.
Another advantage of social networks is that they facilitate communication (Rainer and Ceglieski 167). They promote communication channels such as chat rooms, emails, call centres, and voice messages that reduce costs of operations.
A study conducted on more than 290 organizations located in America, Asia, and Europe found out that more than half of them rely on use of social intranets for communication within the organization (Rainer and Ceglieski 169).
Among them, the most common social networking tool used was instant messaging. It was used by 77 percent of surveyed organizations. Other commonly used tools included streaming audio and video.
We will write a custom Assessment on Social Networks in Modern Business specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, the study found out that even though many organizations use social networking tools for internal communication, their use among employees is still poor. In many organizations, social media is used to facilitate communication between employees, and team members.
It has been used for top-down communication between employees and management. For example, blogging promotes communication between employees and managers in organizations that have large teams of employees (Rainer and Ceglieski 169).
One advantage of use of social networks is because many of them do not compromise privacy. In addition, communication between employees and managers promotes effective organizational dialogue between different levels in an organization (Jue and Kassotakis 58).
Another advantage of using social networks for communication in organizations is enhancement of relationships and efficiency.
It is easy for employees to give their ideas, opinions, and feedback regarding any organizational mater without fear of victimization by supervisors or managers (Haigh 81).
For example, during a crisis, communication between different levels of an organization is quick and effective in solving the crisis.
Social networks support new ways of conducting business (Rainer and Ceglieski 160). For example, they support new ways of marketing and advertising, supply chain management, customer service, and human resource management.
New methods of conducting business enable organizations and businesses develop competitive advantage strategies that enhance survival in the highly volatile and uncertain modern business environment (Haigh 41).
Not sure if you can write a paper on Social Networks in Modern Business by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For example, many organizations save a lot of money that was traditionally used to advertise products by using social networks.
Instead of conducting expensive marketing and advertisement, organizations rely on social networks to share experiences with customer on certain products introduced in the market (Haigh 44).
In addition, customers share information regarding products and companies on social networks. This serves as an efficient marketing strategy for many organizations. On the other hand, many organizations use social networks to build their corporate images.
For example, organizations use twitter to share short messages with customers on their corporate social responsibility activities and projects (Jue and Kassotakis 61). These messages improve the images of organizations thus attracting and more customers and investors.
In addition, they have introduced a new business paradigm that is necessary in the social media era. Companies and organizations that were little known have become famous in many areas because of use of social networks.
They facilitate use of new communication methods, new ways of developing relationships between managers and employees, and facilitate new ways of solving organizational problems and challenges.
Many organizations embrace use of social networks because they promote open communication, strong relationships, and transparency among employees and employers (Jue and Kassotakis 63).
Finally, social networks facilitate collaboration between employees in achievement of organizational goal and objectives (Rainer and Ceglieski 168). Social networks have made collaboration between virtual teams easy.
Teams in different locations can conduct virtual meetings and perform certain tasks together. This has contributed to cost reduction and proper use of time by organizations (Rainer and Ceglieski 168).
For example, social networks facilitate crowd sourcing, which is a new concept that has improved efficiency and productivity of many organizations.
Disadvantages of social networks Social networks have disadvantages that limit their reliability and usefulness. They include feelings of isolation from other employees, lack of socialization, reduced chances of promotion at the workplace, and exposure of data to online fraudsters (Golden 48).
Many organizations conduct many business activities on social networks. Activities such as research, marketing, human resource management, and recruitment are now conducted through social networks.
Therefore, employees spend a lot of time online interacting with customers and potential employees. This has reduced physical interaction and as a result created a feeling of isolation in employees (Dahln, Lange, and Smith 83).
It is important for employees to feel that they are part of an organization and corporate culture. However, social network have widened the gap and facilitated development of isolated work environments that have affected employees adversely.
There is no physical contact between employees and customers or potential employees. This has reduced socialization because many activities and tasks are executed virtually.
Socialization between employees is one of the most important aspect of improving employee performance and productivity. However, social networks promote virtual socialization that does not offer benefits of social interaction.
In traditional marketing, employees interacted physically with customers. This was a very effective way of convincing customers because employees could use emotions to connect with customers (Dahln, Lange, and Smith 85).
In contrast, social networks do not facilitate emotional connection between employees and customers, which is an important marketing strategy (Haigh 47). Even though successful, use of social networks has reduced effectiveness s of certain organizational activities.
Use of social networks has reduced employee monitoring. Therefore, it is difficult for an employer to promote an employee because social networks do not facilitate measurement of employee performance.
In addition, employees may lose certain benefits and be subject to lower remuneration (Dahln, Lange, and Smith 84). This is because social networks have made execution of tasks easier and faster.
For example, employees do not need to travel or make phone calls to convince customers to buy their products. These activities are conducted online through social networks.
Employee monitoring is important in order to measure employee performance and productivity, parameters that are used to promote and demote employees (Dahln, Lange, and Smith 88).
However, these activities have become difficult with advent of social networks in organizations because managers cannot monitor employees virtually.
Another disadvantage of social networks is threat to data security. Sustained use of social networks exposes an organization’s data to risk of compromise (Golden 50). With absence of fraudsters on the internet, companies risk losing data that could be used to compromise their operations.
Many rival organizations hire fraudsters to obtain data illegally form companies that rely on social networks to perform organizational activities.
For example, marketing and strategic data of organizations may be obtained from social networks during interaction between managers and employees. In most cases, data and useful information is compromised in cases where competition is stiff between organizations or companies.
Certain organizations hack into databases of other organizations and obtain information that helps them gain competitive advantage in the market. In addition, information on customer and marketing strategies could be used to compete with companies that dominate certain markets.
Use of social networks makes it difficult for employers to monitor employees (Dahln, Lange, and Smith 86). This may lead to poor performance and low productivity. In addition, cost of purchasing, installing, and maintaining technological gadgets is high.
Additional costs arise from training employees on ways of using social networks effectively in order to achieve organizational goals and objectives in desired ways (Dahln, Lange, and Smith 87).
Conclusion Social networking has introduced new business concepts in the field of communication that have benefited organizations and individuals. Social networks are used for communication and information retrieval. In addition, they allow organizations do business in new ways.
They present cost-effective ways of doing business such as cheap marketing and advertisement. Organizations save a lot of money by avoiding traditional methods of marketing and advertisement by focusing on marketing and advertising using tools availed by social networks.
However, they have disadvantages too. They contribute to low employee performance, increase costs of operations, create a feeling of isolation in employees, and expose organizations’ data to online fraudsters.
For example, rival companies hack into each other’s databases and gain access to useful information that enables them gain competitive advantage over each other.
Works Cited Dahln, Micael, Lange, Fredrik, and Smith Terry. Marketing Communications: A Brand Narrative Approach. New York: John Wiley
International Business and Saudi Arabia Evaluation Essay college application essay help: college application essay help
One international company that has remained on the successful path is Wal-Mart. Wal-Mart had set out different strategies that enabled it to succeed in numerous fronts. For instance, the company has edged its competitors by producing several brands of all its products.
As a result, customers have been able to choose products from a wide range of substitutes hence satisfying their needs.
This strategy has attracted and maintained customers in the premises as there are minimal chances of missing to purchase a product (What makes Wal-Mart successful?, 2013). A customer who wants to purchase a luxury watch has varieties like Omega, Rolex, Rado, and Cartier.
From this scenario, a customer can choose a watch from the different brands of watches. In addition, Wal-Mart has adopted the cost-cutting strategy in order to offer consumers products of low prices as compared to their competitors in the market.
The Company’s ability to provide customers with low prices has made it realize the value for their money. The move has also made the company gain massive buying power.
The low costs have made Wal-Mart gain competitive advantage over its competitors. The cutting of costs on products has also assisted the company to save on expenses.
Moreover, its employees think outside the box on service provision to customers. The culture has facilitated the building of strong relations between customers and employees. Organizations that have adopted this culture have realized success in their operations.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The logistics and distribution networks at Wal-Mart have been strong. The Company has ensured that it brings its products close to the customers as possible.
The Company believes that effective management and strong creative decisions are the essential cornerstones it requires in strengthening its foundation and place as a chief actor in the business environment (What makes Wal-Mart successful?, 2013).
A clear supply chain strategy improves customer service, increases profits, and continues to minimize the reduced costs of production and operation.
According to Hill
Film – Cinderella Man Explicatory Essay essay help online
Introduction Director Ron Howard and Producers Brian Grazer, Penny Marshall had all the ingredients of a clichéd film.
First, they selected an award winning actor to play the lead role in ‘Cinderella Man’. Then they chose to focus on a storyline that others have done countless times in Hollywood; a boxing championship.
Furthermore, the events in the film occurred in the depression era, which was a favorite for many predecessors before them. Regardless of these obvious choices, the film feels nothing like a cliché. The combination of characters, themes, and narration work perfectly to make the story authentic.
Summary The film is about a 1930s boxing legend known as James Braddock. Others nicknamed him Cinderella man because, just like the fairytale Cinderella, he arose from underdog to championship status despite tremendous odds. Braddock was a budding boxer before the depression.
However, after the stock market crash, he lost his job and struggled to provide for his family. It was at this point when he got a second chance from his manager –Joe Gould.
Braddock unexpectedly wins the match and succeeds in several other matches. Eventually, he wins the national championship against one of the most feared competitors in boxing history- Max Baer (Howard, 2005).
Elements of the film that bring out its authenticity Genre
It is possible to categorize this movie into three predominant genres; however, the director’s approach to each of these genres was eccentric thus rendering credibility to the film. The first and most obvious genre is the autobiographical film category.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The movie is a depiction of the life of James Braddock. In fact, its director tried to stay as true to the real Braddock as possible. The boxing mannerisms of the lead characters were typical of the real individuals that experienced those events.
However, instead of blandly relieving the events of this sportsman’s professional life, the producers merged it with James’ personal experiences. They also took liberties with some of the characters like Braddock’s key competitor Max Baer.
Historians affirm that the latter individual was less brutal than depicted in the film. It was necessary to take these liberties in order to make the movie interesting. Therefore, the director’s interpretation of an autobiographical movie was a welcome break from the norm.
Alternatively, one may classify this motion picture as a sports film. Boxing as a competitive sport is one of the most entertaining to watch. Nonetheless, several directors have fallen into the trap of making it too action-packed.
90’s films like ‘Rocky’ lacked substance because their focus was on winning matches rather than the journey towards the prize. ‘Cinderella man’ avoids this blunder by dedicating a substantial portion of the movie to James’ life outside the ring.
Additionally, even the action sequences are quite believable. Therefore, Cinderella man is an impressive improvement of a sports film.
‘Cinderella man’ is a historical movie since it relives the horrors of an important historical occurrence in the US. Depression-era films come in many shapes and sizes.
We will write a custom Essay on Film – Cinderella Man specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More What makes this film unique is its perfect blend of personal stories, action-packed boxing matches and the economic atmosphere after the stock-market crash. It would have been boring for the plot to focus on the stock market crash and its general effect on people.
However, by selecting one man’s story, the film expanded its audience from intellectuals and historians to typical American audiences. All individuals have the capacity to resonate with others once they hear their stories.
Furthermore, the director captured the tone and atmosphere of the 30s perfectly. Its lead characters talk just like working- class Americans of that time talked. Furthermore, their costume and locations were emblematic of the 30s.
Ron Howard recreated a New York Street in the 1930s by reorganizing a large portion of Toronto. Everything from the stop lights to the store fronts was typical of that era.
Therefore, the production team used their storyline, location, character selection, and costume to portray the historical side of the film; this was quite commendable (Landay, 2013).
The film extols the virtues of honest, hard work. The depression minimized people’s options in the country. However, a few resolute individuals like James stuck to their principles and continued to provide for their families through honest means.
When Braddock asks for a last chance in boxing, he does not do it for sentimental reasons as this would have made the film too sentimental. His reasons are noble and literal to the typical American audience, so they add authenticity to the film.
Cinderella man also has the theme of optimism. The first part of the movie seems dark and depressing as Braddock’s family takes many blows. At one, point, his wife must ask a gas technician to refrain from disconnecting their heat.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Film – Cinderella Man by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In another scenario, he had to borrow change from a colleague. It would have been easy to throw in the towel, but James did not do it. He swallowed his pride and asked for an opportunity. When he got it, Braddock went after the prize with all his resolve.
James’ fight against Baer seemed like a case of David versus Goliath. He did not give up on the match regardless of the threats and intimidation of other parties. Because of his commitment to his goal, Braddock garnered support from the masses.
Many of them found inspiration from someone like them. At the time, the country needed a hero, so Braddock was more than welcome to take the role.
Perhaps one of the reasons why the movie seems so authentic is the input that the lead actor –Russell Crowe made to the motion picture. The latter individual seems perfectly suited for the role. Braddock was a laid-back and dignified man who reserved his aggressiveness for the boxing ring.
When Braddock was about to lose everything, he decided to beg for one last opportunity in boxing. Russell Crowe pulls off that scene with so much grace. He is steady but spirited at the same time. This is clearly something that only talented actors can accomplish (Landay, 2013).
A substantial part of the movie converts the boxing matches that Braddock engaged in before his championship title. This marks the greatest accomplishment of the production team. Boxing as a sport attracts large crowds due to its showmanship as well as its technical credentials.
Crowe captured both aspects very clearly. The production team made the action long enough to be enjoyed, but short enough to create apprehension. Braddock’s punches are deliberate, which explains why he beats a man who had killed two people in the ring.
It took a lot of skill to represent this triumph of brains over brawn, so the character casting was ideal for the lead role. The production team did not fix these matches into the story sequence simply to fulfill sporting expectations. The matches were in the movie to enrich the narrative.
Overall, Crowe is more than persuasive as a sweaty, determined and sluggish fighter in this film. He does not use antics to garner support; instead he relies on his wits and fists.
Braddock’s wife, as played by Renee Zellweger, was an ideal representation of a working class mother. She worried about her husband’s safety in boxing. This explains why she tried to talk him out of it and even avoided listening to the match commentaries when Braddock met Baer.
Zellweger delivers an impressive performance of a mother who only wants the best for her family. She is homely and ideal for her part. Similarly, Braddock’s manager also did a good job in the film. Joe is ideal for injecting a dose of humor into the narrative.
The production team selected Paul Giamatti for this role. At one, point, he talks crudely about seeing the opponent’s blood on the floor.
In another scene, he puts his own property at stake because he wanted to get money for Braddock’s training. His blend of humor, honesty and loyalty to Braddock are both endearing and just right for him
Conclusion The production team’s choice of theme, characters and genre were perfect for creating an authentic and credible film. The director’s interpretation of the sports, autobiographic and historical film genres made the piece unique because he focused on a personal narrative.
Most of the action sequences served the plot rather than the reverse. The choice of character augmented the film’s credentials because Russell Crowe, Paul Giamatti, and Renee Zellweger were ideal for the roles.
Finally, the film’s themes were conventional, but the production team’s depiction of them was what made them sensible.
References Howard, R. (Executive Producer). (2005). Cinderella man [DVD]. Los Angeles: Universal.
Landay, L. (2013). Film Analysis. Web.
Store Visit/Segmentation Assignment Essay essay help: essay help
The objective of this assignment is to help you prepare for your Team project. “Store checks” (or store visits) are one of the best ways to understand your category, your competition, to see how brands are positioned in store and on the shelf, and to understand the consumer needs and wants.
1. Go to the Supermarket product (visit a full-size supermarket and identifies the sub-sections within the category your product is in) and identify the various product sub-segments.
2. Include a selfie of the store with you in front of it.
3. Complete the form that follows
4. Save the file: YOUR NAME Store Visit.doc
Comparison and Contrast of two plays: “Comedy of errors” by William Shakespeare and “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles Compare and Contrast Essay college essay help
The literary work is a reflection of what is happening in the society. Authors normally voice their opinions about issues affecting the society through various themes. These themes are closely linked together through analysis of a character’s actions.
In the contemporary society, introduction of literature research has extensively increased the volume of literature in every topic of interest, especially in use of expression tools such as metaphors to present a symbolic view that a character display in a play.
As a matter of fact, irrespective of the level of knowledge and understanding of research facets, literature versions are inclusive of literature tools such as metaphors.
Literature comparison is about enjoying the phrases, feeling the narrator’s words in action, imagining, and placing oneself in the writer’s shoes. This paper analyses comparison between the plays “Comedy of errors” by William Shakespeare and “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles.
Indeed, the two plays are significant, although they express concealed implication to readers. Though each poem presented dissimilar information, their underlying ideas are related, imperative and vital to readers in general.
The key aspects of Sophocles’ play captures learners’ interest for the purpose of comedy and twist of fate. Sophocles depicted various stages of the play’s episode through the associating dependence of mankind to God.
For instance, the main character Oedipus is arrogant is retorting to the Chorus that, “You pray to the gods? Let me grant your prayers” (Sophocles 13).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, the key considerable notion of play is fate and prophecy that demonstrates how human has decayed due to fate, and needs to acknowledge god’s reverence. Furthermore, Sophocles presents his mental picture of the path towards Supreme Divinity in his play.
This is viewed as the likelihood for the human heart to fate rather than to descend choice at a personal level in the conservative society.
Besides, Sophocles employed irony that is conspicuous in the representation of the main character Oedipus. Oedipus states that “no skill in the world, nothing human can penetrate the future” (Sophocles 13) when explaining to his wife on the fate which he attempts to twist in vain.
On the other hand, Shakespeare’s representation of the twins in the play “Comedy of errors” presents an organized tossing of ideas intended to derive significant meanings.
For instance, the illustration of the characters of Antipholus and Dromio explains how the author succeeded in tossing the implication of words and thus, it was the duty of learners to catch such implications (Shakespeare 14).
The two plays are analogous of their relation regarding vast imagery, visual outcome and a typical rhythmic construction that presented special consequence.
The main theme presented by these plays is personal identity as a component of realism. A literary writing attempt to portray a certain piece on thoughts of characters not explicitly expressed.
We will write a custom Essay on Comparison and Contrast of two plays: “Comedy of errors” by William Shakespeare and “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Recognizing themes of loyalty, honor, and tragedy, Sophocles and Shakespeare sarcastically ridicule fate and religious beliefs as a determinant of position of an individual in the society.
The main character Oedipus in the play “Oedipus the King”; is full of pride which he loses at the end and has to bow down to fate. Destiny is depicted as having forced the rather tensed society to embrace sudden change in order to escape the plague.
The audience is moved by Oedipus and imaginative exploration of memory manipulation and how fate can wreak havoc on humanity.
On the other hand, Shakespeare tries to blend the high-concept vision of the world with his own stylized and highly dramatized language in reflecting on the lives of Antipholus and Dromio. He creates a very human story that combines stories of both self-discovery and love.
Shakespeare succeeds in convincingly mingling the ‘futuristic’ and the ‘realistic’ imaginations to create a world of exotic exploitation and mind control characterized by time variances and societal imbalances (Shakespeare 14).
Same as Shakespeare’s reflection, the theme of tragedy is illustrated in the play “Oedipus the King”. Indeed, the author considers time as a marvelous nasty task. Oedipus intends to turn over features of time in order to command over time.
However, he fails miserably due to the underlying supernatural forces that had sealed his destiny at birth. However, with intelligence and braveness, Sophocles reflects on tragedy in an open, attractive and agitating language.
On the other hand, Shakespeare’s dedication possibly overlaid the approach for studying culture in the sundry time.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Comparison and Contrast of two plays: “Comedy of errors” by William Shakespeare and “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The key antagonists and protagonists accept fate eventually in the plays “Comedy of errors” and “Oedipus the King”. Interestingly, acceptance of fate is presented as a redeemer of what each character stands for. Oedipus, in the play “Oedipus the King” is the hero.
In the climax of the play, revelations point Oedipus as responsible for the death of his father as was prearranged by fate at his birth through the prophesy. Particularly, the death of Oedipus father forms the focal story line.
Comparatively, the play Comedy of errors, the two sets of twins also have to pay the price of mistaken identity in the then conservative society. They have to live with this fate despite being the victims.
Works Cited Shakespeare, William.The Comedy of Errors. Ed. David Bevington and David Scott Kastan. New York: Bantam, 2005. Print
Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Ed. Grene David. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2012. Print.
George Bush election campaign Essay a level english language essay help
The commercial (Priorities) was made for George Bush’s presidential election campaign of 2000. George Bush is talking about his vision and his agenda. Major priorities of the then-candidate were strengthening of economy, education and the military.
Apart from the reflections of Bush’s vision, this commercial can be regarded as a reflection of the situation in the USA. Thus, the economic boom of the 1990s was about to end and several signs of the future recession appeared in 2000.
Admittedly, people had numerous concerns about their financial security. Americans witnessed gradual weakening of the US economy. Being a governor, Bush signed two significant tax cuts.
Though this policy was a hot potato and lots of people claimed it was ineffective and even harmful, the cuts led to certain relief. The laws reached short-term goals. A lot of Americans thought that the policy would be beneficial in the long run as well.
People got used to the growth and were unprepared for economic turmoil which was about to start. George Bush promised to ‘save’ Americans form the financial constraints.
As far as the education is concerned, the education system in the 2000s was a burning issue. Educators, policy makers as well as parents argued that the quality of the education was rather low and the entire system needed changes.
Remarkably, many Americans believed they needed an increase in educational standards, though there was no single strategy to achieve the goal. Companies and organizations needed high-profile professionals, but the graduates did not meet the necessary standards.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is also important to note that immigration was closely connected with the need in qualified labor force as immigrants were ready to fulfill a variety of tasks for low salaries. Thus, immigrants were forcing Americans out of low-paid jobs. A new educational system was to help handle that issue.
Another important issue revealed in the commercial is the state of the US military. George Bush claimed that the US military needed strengthening and there were growing concerns about terrorism in the world.
Politicians kept talking about the threat coming from a variety of terroristic groups. Importantly, the US military participated in different peacemaking campaigns in the world.
The commercial is also a good reflection of the distribution of power in the 2000s. Thus, it is not difficult to see which groups could benefit most from Bush’s priorities. Large companies and very rich (or the so-called super rich) people benefited most.
Tax cuts were favorable for large businesses and were harmful for ordinary Americans in the long run. The strengthening of the military also meant reduction of investment in such spheres as health, education, etc.
Even though Bush claimed he intended to develop those spheres, in reality most funding was used for military purposes. Clearly, the middle class became less empowered and more vulnerable to the future economic constraints.
On balance, it is possible to note that the commercial in question reflects Bush’s presidential agenda as well as the distribution of power in the American society in the early 2000s.
We will write a custom Essay on George Bush election campaign specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The middle class was losing points while super rich people and large businesses benefited from the policies implemented by George Bush.
Admittedly, there were certain positive outcomes, e.g. raising educational standards, to certain extent, or temporary improvements in the sphere of health care. Nonetheless, those in power (as well as large businesses and rich people) tended to become more empowered.
Case Analysis: Google Case Study writing essay help: writing essay help
History, Development, and Growth of Google Google’s history depicts various efforts with regard to its inception and propagation over a long period. In 1996, Larry Page and Sergey Brin initialized Google as part of their doctoral academic research project at Stanford University.
These efforts materialized through involvement in a project dubbed The Stanford Digital Library Project (SDLP).The project sought to establish a technological tool for integrated library services.
As they sought thematic areas for the project’s dissertation, Larry opted for mathematical relations in the World Wide Web. Through constant encouragement from his supervisor, Larry propagated efforts that led to development of Google.
Brin later joined Larry for a joint venture on the project. Since its inception in 1998, Google has undertaken various efforts to entrench its hegemony and stature as a dynamic search engine. The company undertook various steps to ensure and guarantee its survival in a competitive market.
Due to dynamic and competitive nature of technology market, Google endeavours to articulate its vision and mission in a bid to align to recurrent market forces.
Google continues to record tremendous growth and expansion in markets across the world. This emanates from increased popularity and convenience of internet as a tool for social and economic undertakings.
Google has a wide range of avenues that seek to consolidate efforts with regard to economic enterprise. For instance, the company charges for online advertising and other related economic ventures.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Experts attribute popularity of Google to suitable design that supports easy navigation by internet users. The company has an explicit code of conduct that promotes acceptable practices and corporate undertakings.
Through its vision and mission, Google upholds its desire for competence, quality, and precision in advancing various corporate endeavours and undertakings.
Since its inception, Google has undertaken various steps to ensure growth and progression in global networks and profitability. For instance, it acquired Pyra Labs, a company that had several stakes in internet development across the world.
According to critics, the acquisition was inconsistent with Google’s business and structural inclination. On the contrary, the company garnered various benefits with regard to its ability to compete with other players in the market.
After various efforts to entrench itself in the market, Google has a unique place among its users across the world. Users consider it as dynamic and resilient in providing services to internet users.
The company has strategic advantage because of its ability to incorporate, as well as adopt new and emergent trends in modern technological landscape. Growth and development of Google is evident in performance of its shares in the stock market.
This bolsters confidence and ability of shareholders as they anticipate growth and progress in operations of the company.
We will write a custom Case Study on Case Analysis: Google specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More After several years of growth and success, the company suffered stiff competition from other commercial entities within the market. This reality necessitated various structural adjustments and alignments that sought to initiate viable steps to allay such threats.
SWOT Analysis Google is a commercial entity that offers services within the realm of internet and other complimentary areas of concern. It offers services in cloud computing, software development, and online advertisement.
It supports search engine services through its elaborate technological framework. The company has a global network that supports services and undertakings in the market. Through its extensive network, Google offers an opportunity for clients to enjoy affordable and quality internet services.
From its headquarters in the United States, Google coordinates various activities in regional centres and outlets around the world. This accords Google a prime opportunity for growth in its quest for progress and profitability in a competitive corporate environment.
The company has several competitors within its scope of operation. This creates impetus for dynamic and progressive corporate posturing in order to ensure positive results in all undertakings.
Google has a dynamic array of products that adapt well to recurrent changes within its market. The company offers products that align to universal demands and expectations with regard to applicability and adaptability.
Its products appeal to users in diverse social and economic backgrounds. For instance, Google maps offer direction in all areas where the company operates. Its ability to devise such universal products is an obvious competitive advantage.
In addition, the company has capacity to offer quality products and services. The company always endeavours to solve various challenges that manifest within its market. Such efforts are integral in ensuring delivery of quality services.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Case Analysis: Google by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The financial situation of Google offers it an opportunity to institute various organizational undertakings that support its quest for proficiency and exception in market operations.
Google is among companies that achieve profits through provision of products and services. This gives it unique opportunities for intensive operations around the world.
Google has a formidable dominance within the market. This reality offers it various opportunities as it seeks to improve presence within the market. Such dominance accords the company several opportunities to launch and market various products that satisfy inherent customer needs.
Google also integrates its products and services to ensure and guarantee efficiency in satisfying customer needs. Besides, its products are easy to use and are compatible with all operating systems. Such degree of product integration is unique to Google.
The company also offers products that are innovative and cognizant to market needs. In fact, Google ranks highly in global innovation index as articulated by various research outfits.
Google has several areas that herald negative effects on its ability to fulfil long-term goals and aspirations. One such area is its overreliance on online advertising as its sole source of income.
Although online advertising has better and strong future prospects, it is vital for the company to diversify and venture into other areas of interest. This will increase and entrench its resilience and adaptability to dynamic market forces.
The company also offers various products that rank low with regard to profitability and value addition. These products undermine operational relevance within its global market scope. Another weakness is Google’s involvement in lawsuits over patent rights.
Such legal tussles do not add value to its operational discourse. On the contrary, they raise controversy and legal challenges that affect its overall performance in the market. Such realities affect Google’s relationship with other players within the market.
There is tremendous growth in mobile telephony in modern world, which in turn increases number of people who rely on mobile internet as a source of crucial information. Google could utilize this opportunity to launch and offer more services to such people.
This will increase its relevance and dominance in the market. To ensure growth and expansion, Google should intensify efforts to acquire patents. This is achievable through mergers and acquisitions that could ameliorate its position as a service provider.
The company should also intensify its efforts towards developing driverless automobiles. This could help the company achieve monumental technological success and relevance within its market. This could also offer a favourable avenue for diversification and expansion.
Google should intensify its efforts to launch into production of electronics and appliances that satisfy market need demand for such products. This would in turn increase its profitability and dominance within its market scope.
The increasing number of people who rely on mobile internet is a major threat to operations of Google. For instance, it is challenging to offer advertisements for such users due to limited space.
Increase in internet mobile users leads to decline in number of people who access internet services through personal computers. Google has numerous products that do not add value to its quest for profitability.
Continued development and propagation of such products will grossly affect overall sustainability of Google. The company also faces stiff competition from various companies that offer similar services. This reality offers a major threat for Google as it seeks to raise its profile within its market scope.
Corporate Level and Business Level Strategy Google has numerous corporate and business level strategies that promote its relevance and dominance across the world. Such strategies improve its desire for best practices in provision of services to internet users.
Google endeavours to initiate and sustain cordial relations with other corporate entities that offer similar services within the market. The company has a vibrant corporate social responsibility policy that supports its desire for proper relations and activities in its market scope.
The company also seeks to maintain proper and healthy relations with commercial entities at various levels of engagement. Such strategies are critical in ensuring proper functioning of Google. They also guarantee success and profitability in a competitive corporate environment.
Recommendations All commercial entities seek to improve their performance and sustainability within respective markets. They undertake operations that promote desire for profitability and good corporate practices.
Google should review its corporate strategy to accommodate emergent realities of business in modern world. The company should diversify its operations in order to achieve dynamism and progress.
Such strategic overhauls promote Google’s desire for proper and suitable corporate and business practices.
Google should intensify its efforts towards development of unique products that satisfy demand in its various markets. This would in turn increase its profitability and dominance within its market scope.
Google Case Study writing essay help
Introduction Larry Page and Sergey Brin created Google in 1998 during their college days at Stanford University. Over the last one decade, Google has grown into a globally acknowledged market force for its service provision, business model, efforts in development of technology, and human life influence.
Since inception of internet and development of information technology, Google’s record is impressive in the way it has charmed people regardless of their ethnic, religious, and political affiliations.
The company has also reached out to different social and economic classes across the world through its numerous products.
Google identifies among the leading search engines available in the world market. Its reliability in terms of matching results and simple design of their website has attracted a respectable fraction of global population, which is increasingly warming up to the contemporary world of internet.
Some of the main competitors of Google are Yahoo, Amazon, MSN and Bing. Google has managed to fight off competition from these companies to command close to 85% of internet searches.
In 2005, Google’s search engine was the best performing product from the company ahead of email services. Other products by Google include Google profiles, Google maps, Google talk, Google gadgets and Google trends.
This essay will analyze Google’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. It will also identify and discuss Google’s business strategy and organizational culture.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Google’s Business Strategy and Culture Google has demonstrated how fast a business can grow if it develops an effective operational strategy, and an inclusive corporate culture. In 2000, a company that started with two individuals grew fast to include a workforce of 60 workers.
Google has a business strategy that aims to help penetrate major global economies by providing products and services that meet primary needs of their customers. Google provides its services in America, Europe, Asia, and other parts of the world through ten other languages apart from English.
Google’s corporate values and business strategy help to promote innovation within its workforce, thus the company’s rapid growth.
Through innovations such as Google toolbar browser, keyword-targeted advertising, and expansion of search capabilities to include 28 languages, the company earned a annual revenue of $86 million for the 2001 fiscal year.
This figure was very high compared to their annual revenue of $220,000 two years earlier.
The company’s Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer, Eric Schmidt was definitely doing his job effectively. He managed to build a corporate culture for Google, which has made it a striking, favorable, fitting, and exquisite place to work.
It promotes cultural and talent diversity in its workforce. It also nurtures a spirit of togetherness among workers.
We will write a custom Case Study on Google specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The inclusive nature of the work environment at Google motivates employees towards achieving organizational goals, as they develop a certain level of attachment to activities and processes within the company.
Google has developed its business model along this culture, thus the reason it stands out from its competitors. The focus of their business model is to improve access to information by providing quality, reliable and effective means of doing so.
SWOT Analysis This is a management tool used by organizations to make decisions through assessment of organizational structure and corporate culture. It entails identifying internal strengths and weaknesses of an organization, as well as external opportunities and threats.
The cardinal focus of applying SWOT analysis in an organization is to build on strengths, do away with weaknesses, take hold of available opportunities, and respond to possible threats.
Google has several internal strengths and weaknesses, as well as opportunities and threats from the external environment.
A strength that has enhanced Google’s fast growth is an effective market strategy. The market strategy applied by Google entails innovation, a large portfolio of products, broad market coverage, and effective marketing.
Google has created a global customer base covering various types of customers of varied age, social and economic class, as well as political and religious affiliations.
The second strength is good human resource planning and management strategies. Google has demonstrated strong ability to create a cohesive and inclusive work environment that helps maintain high employee morale.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Google by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They have effective employee motivation and retention strategies that include good remuneration packages and workplace benefits.
The third strength is effective change management strategies. Innovation creates need for regular change implementation at Google, and it has effectively managed to introduce without compromising its corporate culture.
Other notable strengths of Google include effective leadership and management strategies, financial stability, customer goodwill, and a strong corporate culture.
The first weakness is poor recruitment strategies. The human resource department at Google receives numerous applications from potential employees from various parts of the world.
Google ignores these applications because its owners prefer to hire graduates from Stanford University, their alma mater.
This strategy locks out very qualified and competent individuals who could bring a new dimension into Google’s way of conducting business.
The second weakness is poor implementation of employee retention strategies. Although the company has developed strategies for reducing employee turnover, poor implementation has forced some top managers to leave and join their competitors.
When employees leave and join a competitor, the competitor most likely counters their efforts in the market.
The third weakness is unreliable partnerships. Google formed numerous partnerships with many companies in a bid to increase its market share. Some of these partnerships failed to fulfill their desired potential, leading to poor management of some portfolios.
The outside environment offers Google numerous opportunities that can be exploited to improve stability in the market.
The first opportunity is to integrate its services with computer software in order to attract more users. This means that Google can form partnerships with computer software developers like Microsoft to have their products integrated during production.
Google plans to launch an operating system called chrome that will enable it compete effectively with companies such as Microsoft.
Although it will be challenging to convince people to try out a new operating system for their personal computers, Google can look up to its operating system for smart phones that has been a huge success. This will motivate them to go ahead with the launch.
The operating system is cost effective, reliable and its usability suits needs of many internet users. This is an opportunity Google can exploit and stamp its control of the internet service market.
Other opportunities include expansion of global market presence, integration of research and development skill in its activities, as well as development of new business partnerships for growth of its brand.
The first threat is Google’s inability to provide enough motivation to part time employees who work on various projects. Many of these employees do not receive allowances and this might derail their human resource development strategies.
The second threat is court battles instigated by its major competitors. Yahoo, Amazon, and Microsoft among other companies have filed a case to stop Google from digitizing and getting exclusive rights for the concept of online advertising.
The third threat faced by Google is the dynamic nature of competition in the industry. There is need for increased innovation to ensure that the company does not lose its market leadership to emerging competitors.
Recommendations Google needs to apply certain approaches to ensure that it makes the best out of its strengths, do away with weaknesses, seize available opportunities, and eliminate all threats from the external environment.
The first recommendation is need for Google to further reflect on its mission statement and develop it. It is important for Google to know that all their competitors are seeking to provide the best services on the market. Thus, it needs to rethink how it can maintain its market leadership.
The second recommendation is that Google needs to reorient its organizational structure and culture to promote development of its brand. Google needs to develop effective strategies for change management, which is an effective tool for organizational success.
Thirdly, Google needs to revise its recruitment strategy to include graduates from other institutions who can provide an extra dimension to its organizational development.
Google currently applies a strategy that its founders started, of picking their employees from Stanford University, as they believe its graduates have the essential competencies.
Maintaining market leadership is a function of human resource management that involves applying effective recruitment strategies.
Employee recruitment entails developing an attractive remuneration and benefits package for all workers. This helps to reduce employee turnover because they will be satisfied and motivated to work.
Poverty and Pollution Term Paper best essay help: best essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Why Companies disregard Pollution Control Standards
Connections between Economic Development and Pollution
Moral Right to a Livable Environment
Implementing Greener Industries in Poorer Nations
Proposals and Recommendations
Introduction Industrialization has emerged as the engine for economic growth and development in countries all over the world. Business people have established operations to benefit from economic progress and development.
Over the last few decades, multinational companies have emerged and they have taken advantage of the major global integration of economies. These companies have set up industries in third world countries in order to exploit the available resources and lower production costs.
The interaction between these businesses and the third world society has led to rampant pollution, which presents some ethical issues that must be addressed.
Ethical Implications Most poor countries are open to foreign businesses that promote economic growth and therefore provide a remedy for the poverty affecting these countries. The industries run by foreigners in the third world countries produce significant amounts of pollution.
The environment is also severely degraded as toxic substances are released into the open as natural resources are exploited. This pollution raises major ethical issues since it has a negative effect on the livelihoods of the citizens in the country.
The ethical nature of businesses polluting third world countries can be viewed in a number of ethical perspectives. The social contract theory can be used to analyze the case of polluting third world countries.
This theory suggests that actions are ethically right if they increase the benefits for an individual or the society. Pollution in the third world countries leads to the degradation of the environment reducing the quality of life for the people.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Shaw (2010) observes that pollution also increases the risk of developing ailments such as respiratory diseases. Polluting in third world countries therefore leads to many losses for the society.
Applying the consequentialism ethics also suggests that polluting the third world countries is wrong. According to this theory, an action’s merit is judged on the consequences it produces with little consideration of the intentions of the person engaging in the activity (Allhoff
Apple Company Analysis Report essay help online free: essay help online free
Introduction Background of the company
Apple Inc. is one of the most prosperous electronic firms in the world. This firm was started on April 1, 1976 by two scientists, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. These two individuals were electronic enthusiasts. They were interested in turning their skills in electronics into a large business unit.
Steve Wozniak, popularly known as Woz, was an astute electrician with a keen interest in computers (Tanke, 2000). It was during this time that computers were started. Steve Jobs on the other hand was a shrewd businessman.
Although Woz was more knowledgeable than Jobs in the art of designing computer hardware, Jobs was smatter in entrepreneurship.
While Woz considered his skills in making computers as a hobby, Jobs saw a huge potential of stating a computer firm that would rival the then leading computer firm, the IBM.
They later incorporated Ronald Wayne, a rich businessman who came in to help the two financially. The trio formed a formidable force, which culminated into a company that is prosperous and very profitable.
Although this company had various challenges that saw it eliminate its Chief Executive Officer, who was one of the founder members, in 1985, the firm was able to overcome these challenges using a number of strategies.
Steve Jobs, having been forced out of the firm in 1985 as the chief executive, made a came-back in 1997 with strategies that transformed this firm to what it is currently.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Kurtz (2010) says that Apple is one of the firms that were able to overcome the wave of.com crisis of the early twentieth century that brought down many firm, especially those that were computer based.
Industry in which the company competes
Apple Inc is operating in the electronics industry. This industry is very competitive, having some of the industry giants such as Samsung, Nokia, Tecno, Motorola and many others. The electronic industry has grown over the past century to become an industry that is large and very competitive.
In China, there has emerged a new electronic firm that is offering Apple Inc a very still competition. Lenovo is fighting for the market share in the computer industry. In this industry, other competing firms include HP, Toshiba, IBM, and Dell among others (Weiss, 2011).
The industry also has numerous other upcoming firms, especially in China and South Korea. Given the current trend, the industry is destined for a great expansion.
Strategy of the Company Mission and vision of the company
The vision and mission of a firm are the basic elements of strategic management. The vision of a firm has been very important in charting the path to be taken by the firm. Apple’s vision statement clearly demonstrates the far this firm sees in the competitive electronics market.
The vision statement of Apple came from a statement made by its founder and former chief executive, Steve Jobs. He argued that man is the creator of change in the world. As such, he should be above structures and systems, and not subordinate to them (Charantimath, 2006).
This vision has seen this firm become very competitive. This has been its driving force in innovations and creativity. Based on this, the firm has ensured that it remains relevant in the market by introducing new products with advanced features.
We will write a custom Report on Apple Company Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The mission statement of Apple may not pass as a standard mission statement. This is because it is a list of products that this firm produces, and what it does in ensuring that they remain competitive.
However, by the close of this statement, there is another statement that explains its commitment to students, educators, professionals, and general consumers in providing them with desirable products that are able to meet their desires.
Strategy of the company
Understanding Apple’s strategies in the domestic and international market can help define the best supply chain strategy to use in each market. The domestic market of Apple is the United States. This market is also home market for other giant computer manufactures like the IBM (Barthe, 2010).
For this reason, the level of competition is very high. The world market is also very competitive for there are numerous firms that have mastered the art of producing the computers and phones around the world.
Various Chinese firms have been able to mimic the technologies used by this firm to produce phones with similar features but at very cheap prices because they use simpler technology with cheaper resources
Strategically sweet sport is one of the avenues that this firm has embraced both locally and internationally. It has taken advantage that its new products are able to satisfy its customers in a way that other rival firms cannot. This has attracted it a sea of loyal customers.
Strategic windows make another strategy that this firm has employed. Through innovative minds, this firm has been in a position to develop new products in the world market to serve different new markets.
An instance is the security gadget they develop to help in detecting weaponry at the airport. This strategic window has earned it a lot of revenue not only in the local but also the international markets.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Apple Company Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Quality
Apple Inc has been keen on managing quality of its products in the market. In the Phone industry, Apple has the best brands of phones. IPhone is one of the best Smartphone known to have features that can meet and exceed customer’s expectation.
The firm has managed to outsmart Samsung which was offering it a stiff competition in this market. In the computer sector, Apple has come up with personal computers that the market has found unique.
Apple computers have higher capacity in terms of speed, storage and general performance than other existing brands in the market.
The capacity at which Apple is currently operating in may be considered optimal in the current market. The company is optimally operating in the phone industry to the levels that can be considered the best.
The management has expanded its capacity and it is now offering special machines that can be used in other sectors such as in airports for the purpose of checking security.
Apple Inc has its headquarters in Cupertino, California in the United States. The firm is does most of its productions in China, while most of the management duties are carried out in the United States. The main market for Apple is in the United States and Europe.
China and other Asia countries also form a substantial market share for this firm. The management of this firm has expanded operations of this firm to include African countries.
Conclusions Apple Inc is one of the largest electronic firms in the world. This firm has experienced consistent growth over the years to achieve its current status.
The management of Apple Inc has been keen on offering quality products to the market to ensure that they remain satisfied. The firm has its headquarters in the United States, but has global market coverage.
References Barthe, G. (2010). Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation. New York: Springer.
Charantimath, J. (2006).Total Quality Management. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
Kurtz, L. (2010). Contemporary Marketing. Mason: Cengage Learning.
Tanke, M. (2000). Human Resources Management for the Hospitality Industry. Albany: Cengage morale, motivating, and empowering employees. Supervision, 72(9), 23.
Weiss, W. H. (2011). Building Stakeholder Approach. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Business Growth Beyond the First Year of Operation Exploratory Essay cheap essay help
The most difficult time for businesses is the first six months (Rumelt, 1974). However, this period may extend to two years or more depending on the type of business. There are many things a business requires during its initial stages.
If the requirements are not met, a business may lose momentum or even collapse. To avoid this, businesses need to know their most crucial needs.
This paper will discuss the requirements of businesses in their third and subsequent years of existence. It will also discuss how a business can ensure growth after the first year of existence.
Businesses need to make an annual plan. This should be in agreement with the initial business plan of the business. A business plan gives an overall road map while an annual plan sets out targets for the current year.
An annual plan serves as a benchmark against which the annual performance is measured. It captures things like targets, goals, objectives and interventions or means of attaining the goals.
Without an annual plan, operations of the business may lack direction. Annual plans are made by management in conjunction with all the departments.
Funding is another requirement of a business in its second year of operation. All operations of a business require funds. Funds enable a business to run its operations smoothly. The money can be obtained from a variety of sources. The source could be either internal or external.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A business that has been in operation for two years may be in a position to generate enough revenue to run its operations. However, in some cases the proprietors may be required to inject more capital into the business.
A business should also comply with all legal requirements. These requirements vary depending on the location of the business. This includes filling and paying taxes. Incompliance can damage the reputation of the company.
Good management is a very important aspect of a business. A business needs to be properly managed for it to move forward. Good management involves proper management of finances, human resource, operations and the supply chain.
Good management is dependent on the availability of good managers. A business should attract and retain people with the desirable skills.
Growth Strategies There are many strategies that a business in its second year of operation can employ in order to grow. They include excellent marketing, competitive pricing, identifying a niche market/market fragmentation, knowing the competition, and good communication.
Marketing covers all the activities intended to increase the business’s revenue. These activities range from advertising to branding.
A business needs to spend some money on advertisement to popularize both itself and its products. Branding is important to a business because it distinguishes it from its competitors.
We will write a custom Essay on Business Growth Beyond the First Year of Operation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Competitive pricing entails pricing of goods and services so that they fall within a certain range. This should be done in such a way that the prices are comparable or better than those of the competitors. However, a company should be careful not to run into financial trouble.
Competitive pricing should be supplemented with excellent customer relations.
A business should identify a niche market and strive to satisfy the needs of that market. This may also include market fragmentation and diversification (Palich, Cardinal and Miller, 2000).
Identification of a niche market enables a business to provide high quality products and services. Fragmentation is a strategy that enables a business to know what each segment of its target population wants.
It is important to know the competition. This information helps the company to set itself apart from the competition. It also helps a business to know its weaknesses.
References Palich, L., Cardinal, L. and Miller, C. (2000). Curvilinearity in the diversification- performance linkage: An examination of over three decades of research. Strategic Management Journal, 21(2), 155-174.
Rumelt, R. (1974). Strategy, Structure, and Economic Performance. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Liberty! The American Revolution Exploratory Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
By what specific steps did the American Revolution transform from a revolt of thirteen British colonies meant to secure the colonists’ traditional English rights under Crown rule in a war meant to establish an independent nation in which the people are sovereign and equal rights before the law?
Explanation The American revolt started as a fight against inequality. The thirteen colonies were not strangers to the oppressions and intolerable acts of the British parliament. The oppression included harsh tax laws.
The people were not represented in their tax revenues and termed the oppression as an act of inequality. Similar oppressions broke out in different colonies. In Boston, the people rejected Townshend law and called for a rebellion.
The British branded the rebellion as a sign of weakness on their part. They used force to crush the rebellion among the colonies. The colonies defended themselves against the oppression and gave their lives for the common cause.
They organized a continental meeting and pledged to protect each other against any oppression. The continental meeting in 1774 signaled the turning point of the American Revolution. The American Revolution began without a cause against inequality.
The oppressions of the colonies by the British became a regular occurrence and the people sought a solution. The colonies were loyal to the King, but they did not enjoy the treatments they received. They were dragged like slaves and used as tools for recreation.
The Americans termed this act to be intolerable but did not foresee a chance of secession from the British rule. Within the colonies, small groups of rich men gathered to discuss politics of the day, each taking turns to curse the King and his troops.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It was difficult to revolt against the King given their present predicament. The colonies were slaves to the British by every standard. The food they ate, the water they drank, the wages they received, came from the British. How could they stage a revolt when all their supplies came from the British?
The oppression continued and the people of Boston became defiant with the King’s troops. They staged a peaceful revolt against the King. The militia in Boston dumped an entire shipment of tea into the sea prompting wild outrage.
This incident set in motion a chain of events called the American Revolution. The colonies came together as a union to transform a revolt under crown rule to a war meant to establish an independent nation called America.
The words of the tea party spread across Britain within days, the British troops described the rebellion as a revolt in the family and decided to flush the tiny group before they grew in numbers.
The King ordered the occupation of Boston by the British military and the use of force if necessary to enforce their loyalty. The Boston revolt did not gain acceptance by the majority because they never saw a chance of victory against the King.
Even the sober or drunkard did not curse the King or boast the independence. The revolt gathered momentum; small groups of militias grew in numbers. People began to weigh the events that played out with caution.
They argue that the same treatment given to Boston could be replicated to another colony charged with rebellion. By 1774, fifty-six leaders among the colonies met in Massachusetts to pledge their allegiance to a common cause: defend or die trying.
We will write a custom Essay on Liberty! The American Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The colonies were strangers to themselves, they hardly relate. They were closer to the King’s men than themselves.
The meeting in Philadelphia signaled the turning point of the American Revolution. People with different backgrounds from thirteen colonies united in a common cause. Their cause became known as a common sense.
The thirteen colonies were adequately protected by British troops, but they wanted liberty. During the meeting in Philadelphia, the delegates comprising of businessmen, plantation owners, jurists, lawyers pledged their loyalty to each other.
They agreed to a bond, in pain and sorrow to fight any form of operation. They agreed to stop the importation of British goods and depend on their local supplies. Their businessmen refused to trade with the British and closed all routes of the slave trade in their colonies.
These steps changed the course of a revolt in a war for an independent nation. The businessmen in London suffered from the boycott. They petitioned the British parliament. To enforce their authority, British troops ordered the arrest of the leaders of the militias and seizure of ammunitions.
The troops led by General Cage entered Lexington to enforce their authority. The events of that evening changed American history. Words of war echoed across the thirteen colonies and they united with a common cause to defend their territory.
When the tales of Lexington broke out, the remaining colonies knew the time has come and there was no way back.
The British troops, driven by anger to suppress the rebellion, fought with courage and the people of America who took their fight as a revolt from the traditions of the British rule, believed in the American Revolution.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Liberty! The American Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second meeting held by the thirteen colonies voted money to assist the militias in Boston. They drafted the declaration of independence and the United States of America became a dream.
Entrepreneurs and Opportunity Recognition Exploratory Essay college essay help online
Introduction Entrepreneurs are individuals who hold immense ability to utilize and coordinate scarce factors of production at their disposal to satisfy the needs of society members.
They continuously focus their potentials in organizing and operating business entities to promote economic performance in various settings. Notably, entrepreneurship is a concept that holds requisite capacity to revolutionize execution of activities in diverse sectors of operation.
The concept facilitates the development of innovative and pertinent solutions to diverse issues that affect business performance. Therefore, individuals and nations that seek to record excellent performance in all aspects of service delivery should adopt the concept.
They should also create a favorable environment that promotes creativity. This is critical in fostering the introduction of new things or ways of production that entrepreneurship is all about.
Successful entrepreneurs are individuals who are able to make right decisions, choices and are always decisive. They are always focused, determined and industrious individuals who explore every idea that comes their way.
They are also influential strategic thinkers who hold immense capacity to evaluate various scenarios or action plans before execution (Butler, 2004). This enables them to execute their ideas effectively.
Based on these facts, it is true that entrepreneurs have the different innovative capacity, different ways of seeking opportunities, creativity levels and how they execute their ideas. This explains why some entrepreneur’s record immense success over a short period compared to others.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As noted by scholars, how entrepreneurs search for opportunities matter a lot in various facets of operation. The search process defines how successful they can be and how effective they can execute their expansion plans.
Entrepreneurs who maximize the opportunities they have always record proper performance levels than those who underutilize the available opportunities.
Consequently, entrepreneurs who aggressively seek to establish new inventions or acquire information on emerging opportunities, regularly record excellent performance.
Such entrepreneurs are always able to expand their businesses with speed compared to those who do not perform vigorous search of information (Butler, 2004). This is evident since they find it very easy to identify available opportunities and plan effectively towards exploring the opportunities.
They also find new ways of product development through detailed information search. Notably, the reasons highlighted seek to justify the notion that repeat entrepreneurs are more aggressive individuals compared to single firm owners.
This is apparent since they execute their information search about prevailing business opportunities effectively.
Relevance and significance of the study
This paper provides insightful information on the notion that repeat entrepreneurs normally perform their search for business opportunities in a different manner compared to single entrepreneurs.
We will write a custom Essay on Entrepreneurs and Opportunity Recognition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It focuses on establishing how they seek for various development opportunities in the market, strategies they adopt to drive their expansion plans and how they make use of the opportunities they get.
Further, it gives credible information on how to repeat entrepreneurs are able to expand compared to their counterparts who are single company holders.
Indeed, this study is set with a purpose to foster understanding among investors on modern ways of information gathering about existing opportunities and how they should explore the possibilities.
This is essential since most entrepreneurs have immense knowledge on key investment opportunities, but they lack proper implementation skills.
For instance, inferior action plans are what stagnates most entrepreneurs. This is apparent since those who do not execute a thorough search on various issues on an investment idea are bound to fail in their pursuit for expansion.
They fail because they do not perform thorough feasibility studies to establish the prevailing dynamics that an idea has and how its implementation would be affected by the environmental factors.
This justifies the saying that an entrepreneur can have a great idea but actualizing the idea can be a major problem (Jones, 2009).
They can also acquire or hold immense information about the existing and future opportunities, but what matters is how they are able to plan and explore the possibilities.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Entrepreneurs and Opportunity Recognition by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This explains why some entrepreneurs in diverse settings always perform well, while others record dismal performance despite having the potential to start new firms.
Discussion on entrepreneurship and how to build more opportunities
As noted, entrepreneurs are industrious individuals who organize various factors of production for economic and social empowerment. They employ the skills that they have in transforming their lives and for other persons in the society.
Their contribution in the economic development has been remarkable in most nations. This is because they seek and find practical solutions to diverse issues that affect operations or exemplary performance (Butler, 2004).
They also contribute to establishing new and safer ways of executing various activities such as trade, communication and provision of services.
For instance, entrepreneurs have been able to establish new technological inventions, including lean operating systems that most institutions use in the current world. These include invention of mobile phones, money transfer platforms, savings accounts and flexible communication systems.
Realistically, repeat entrepreneurs are individuals who should be able to plan well, coordinate their activities effectively and manage the resources at their disposal optimally.
They need to be determined individuals who hold effective coordination, planning ability, management and resource control skills to enable them to execute their ideas appropriately (Jones, 2009).
Secondly, they should be opportunity seekers and flexible learners who are able to establish new ways of doing things with ease as repeat entrepreneurs do. They should be able to understand the environment in which they operate, and establish the current opportunities, including how well they can be exploited.
Thirdly, they must be decisive, focused and action-oriented individuals who ensure that they make optimal use of the opportunities that they identify.
Decisiveness revolves around, making the right decisions at the right time and for the right reasons. This gives them the capacity to evaluate various options that are at their disposal and make viable choices that are sustainable.
Further, entrepreneurs who seek to record excellent performance in the current economic and competitive environment should be able to think strategically. They should have the capacity to develop specific, attainable, measurable and viable projects.
This is essential in ensuring that the projects are strategically driven to foster their success. These elements are central in developing strong entrepreneurs who can identify diverse opportunities in the environment and organizes on how to exploit the opportunities effectively (Jones, 2009).
How entrepreneurial opportunities are built and why established firms perform better
As indicated by Jones (2009), business opportunities are ventures that are built out of new ideas, nurturing of the existing ones and developing new techniques of product enhancement.
They are innovations that come out of creative thoughts with a need to finding credible solutions to evident economic and social complications in our environment. The scholars affirm that new opportunities are built in most cases through creativity or innovation.
Those who are creative are always able to see new opportunities even when others recognize nothing. They are able to notice various performance gaps that companies have and make modalities on how to bridge the gaps with reliable solutions.
Opportunities that are built through creativity have been instrumental in empowering most individuals economically. They have also been instrumental in enabling the provision of quality services to consumers of various items globally (Gartner, Shaver, Carter
Controversial Question about Abortion Argumentative Essay college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The Arguments about Abortion
Introduction Abortion is an issue that is of a global concern. In the regard, there are two opposing groups of people: the pro-life and pro-choice groups. The groups have opposing lines of arguments that have created a global debate on abortion. One group supports abortion while the other group opposes it.
This paper critically examines the views of both groups. In this case, it can be noted that abortion should only be allowed in cases when the life or health of the mother is in danger.
The Arguments about Abortion The abortion debate is mainly based on the moral and legal aspects of the society (Soifer 193). One of the arguments advanced by the pro-life group is that aborting children is considered as a crime of murder.
In this case, the group that is against abortion tends to reason from the standpoint of morality (Beckwith 129); it is believed that life begins immediately after conception. This implies that the existence of a human being begins immediately after the fertilization process has taken place.
Even though the fetus has to depend on the mother, the pro-life group believes it is still a human being whose life should be protected(Beckwith 137).
According to the pro-choice group, almost all abortions take place when pregnancies are in the first trimester (Napier 43).
Actually, the pro-choice group advances the idea that the act of abortion cannot amount to a crime of murder since the fetuses are still attached to their mothers through the umbilical cords (Napier 43).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Considering the arguments from both sides, some weaknesses can be identified. With respect to the arguments proposed by the pro-life group, it seems that the act of abortion is absolutely unacceptable, irrespective of whether or not the life of the mother is in danger.
In the case of the arguments given by the pro-choice, it seems that the baby can be aborted, especially if the mother decides to terminate the pregnancy.
To them, this is especially right as long as the fetus is not able to survive or exist independently; this is due to the fact that the baby is still attached to the mother through the umbilical cord.
However, this argument can be refuted on the basis that a fetus is always attached to the mother until the time of birth. Hence, justifying abortion on the grounds that a fetus is still attached to the mother suggests that a child can still be aborted few days before the date of birth.
The arguments of both pro-choice and pro-life groups tend to be rigid (Napier 43). The fact is that the act of abortion is morally wrong. However, due to certain factors that may put the health of an expectant woman at risk, the termination of a pregnancy may be necessary (Sengupta 571).
This is where the law has come in to strike a balance between the need to keep the life of the unborn and the protection of women’s rights and freedom of choice.
Conclusion Even though the pro-life and pro-choice groups are somehow right in relation to the subject of abortion, it is important to note that the act of abortion may be necessitated by certain life threatening conditions (Pillitteri 139).
We will write a custom Essay on Controversial Question about Abortion specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore, the right position is that the act of abortion should be discouraged, except in situations when an expectant woman’s life is at risk.
Works Cited Beckwith, Francis. Defending Life: A Moral and Legal Case Against Abortion Choice. London, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Print.
Napier, Stephen. Persons, Moral Worth, and Embryos: A Critical Analysis of Pro-choice Arguments. New York, US: Springer, 2011. Print.
Sengupta, Sree. Gynecologyfor Postgraduate and Practitioners. New Delhi, India: Elsevier India, 2007. Print.
Soifer, Eldon. Ethical Issues, third edition: Perspectives for Canadians, Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2009. Print.
Mary Wollstonecraft’s Achievements in Struggles for Gender Equality Synthesis Essay essay help online: essay help online
The article highlights struggles which female icons had to go through in the past as they advocated for gender equality. The article highlights Mary Wollstonecraft’s achievements, a British writer who was a strong defender of women’s rights.
She was a strong advocate for female emancipation in Britain and other parts of Europe. The article reveals how she experienced domestic violence and depression, which strengthened her resolve to fight against gender injustices.
She was among the first crop of feminists who used their writing skills to fight against gender inequality, in a patriarchal society in the eighteenth century.
She made many women realize the importance of challenging oppressive systems that made it difficult for them to achieve their dreams (Zellinger, 2012, p.23). She encouraged women to be more independent, which enabled them to work hard to overcome repressive situations.
First wave feminists advocated for women to be granted the right to vote in the U.S. They wanted to influence political governance systems to make them more involved in crucial public affairs.
They advocated for gender equality in all spheres of life to allow women to access all opportunities in societies they lived. Their efforts made it possible for future generations of women to enjoy more freedoms, even though they had to overcome a lot of challenges.
Frances “Fanny” Wright argued that men stood to benefit more if they allowed gender equality to take root. She advanced the notion that men need women who are more enlightened to bring more progress and prosperity to the society (Zellinger, 2012, pp. 26-27).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Together with Sojourner Truth, she spoke out against slavery and other acts that justified sexist attitudes against women in the eighteenth century.
First wave feminists played important roles which helped to improve the lives of other women in different societies. Susan B. Anthony encouraged women to vote by registering as a voter in the U.S, an act that resulted in her imprisonment.
Voting rights were crucial in helping women participate effectively in various political issues that affected them directly.
Anthony together with other suffrage advocates argued that equal voting rights for women would help them scrutinize political candidates running for different leadership positions.
Their persistent pressure made the U.S. government to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment of 1920, which granted women the right to vote. This milestone paved the way for more gender reforms in the country that improved the lives of many women (Zellinger, 2012, p. 29).
It had taken more than 100 years before the U.S. government allowed women to participate in universal suffrage.
First wave feminists also advocated for equal education opportunities for both boys and girls. Many girls were unable to go to school which made it difficult for them to realize their true potential.
We will write a custom Essay on Mary Wollstonecraft’s Achievements in Struggles for Gender Equality specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At that time, women’s roles were mostly domestic which made most men to argue that education was not necessary for them. Frederick Douglas, a freed slave, was among visionary black men that advocated for gender equality in the nineteenth century (Zellinger, 2012, pp. 30-31).
Douglas was a notable advocate for women’s rights because he had witnessed the evils of living in a society where racial and gender inequality was used to justify unlawful acts.
Sarah and Angelina Grimke were among the few women that were allowed to study by their parents in the nineteenth century.
Some feminists advocated for women to be given full reproductive rights, to give them more control over their own bodies. Margaret Sanger advocated for increased sex education, to allow women access to contraceptives to regulate their reproductive functions.
She encouraged women to practice birth control to enable them conceive fewer children. She was among the first feminists to make women understand that motherhood places an extra burden on a woman, which makes it difficult for her to achieve personal dreams (Zellinger, 2012, p. 34).
The Married Women’s Act of 1848 was one of the key milestones achieved through first wave feminism. The act granted women rights to own property in the state of New York, with or without the consent of their husbands.
This law made it possible for more women to own property as individuals which encouraged them to participate in meaningful economic activities.
The article chronicles different milestones achieved by various feminists which brought about gender equality. Their efforts enabled women from all backgrounds enjoy more freedoms in a society dominated by masculine ideals.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Mary Wollstonecraft’s Achievements in Struggles for Gender Equality by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The article shows how first wave feminists inspired generations of young women who were born many years after them to value themselves as equal human beings.
The article shows how these feminists challenged stereotypes perpetuated by masculine systems that made it difficult for women to advance. Their efforts brought positive changes in different societies which allowed women to compete on an equal footing with men.
However, the article’s author uses a lot of profanity to convey her arguments which undermines the accomplishments made by first wave feminists. The tone and writing style used by the author is confrontational, which waters down the importance of the message conveyed to readers.
Reference Zellinger, J. (2012). A little f’d up: Why feminism is not a dirty word. Berkeley, CA: Seal Press.
International trade and global politics Exploratory Essay essay help free
Economic negotiations and institutions are vital to international politics. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the predecessor to the World Trade Organization (WTO), was formed after World War II, to arbitrate on international trade issues.
GATT was formed to enable countries to lower their tariffs and other trade barriers, which impacted negatively on free trade. The organization had to deal with political pressure caused by capitalist and communist countries, which wanted to dominate global trade and politics.
Since then, international trade negotiations have become more important because they help to protect weak countries from unfavorable economic policies of powerful countries.
International trade terms which are mutually agreed upon by all WTO member states influence global politics (McKenzie 81). Countries are driven by their own sovereign interests to transact with other countries and this is mainly influenced by global politics.
International trade and relations are affected by different interests which countries have that motivate them to transact with other countries. In any country, economic prosperity can only succeed if there is political stability and security.
International trade rules have an impact on political stability across the world. They determine how valuable resources in different regions are harnessed, which affects social, cultural and political issues in different regions.
Since World War II, international institutions have played an effective role in influencing global politics (McKenzie, “GATT–EEC Collision” 230). The WTO has had to deal with a lot of trade disagreements between different regional blocs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many countries from Europe and North America have been accused of unfair trade policies which make their goods more competitive in the world market.
The WTO has found itself in a tight spot in its quest to make a favorable global environment that favors equal participation by all countries in international trade.
The issue of trade liberalization has continued to dominate political and economic forums in different parts of the world. The move towards regional integration has given some countries more economic muscle in international trade.
This makes it easy for them to negotiate favorable trade and economic policies, which enable their exports to perform well in the global market.
After World War II, major world powers wanted to strengthen their dominance in global trade as a result of differences between capitalist and communist economies. Many member states had to negotiate to reach agreements over different critical issues (Ziring, Riggs and Plano 114).
European integration made it possible for states that were part of the European Economic Commission to have a stronger voice in global trade affairs. GATT had to organize forums in which liberalization and elimination of trade barriers were discussed.
Major concessions in international trade have been achieved through negotiations between different countries. Many countries are active in regional trading blocs which give them more leverage as they seek to achieve favorable economic terms.
We will write a custom Essay on International trade and global politics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Globalization has made many political, economic and social systems in the world to be more connected than ever before. This has been made possible by technological developments, which have made it possible for global commerce to flourish.
Many governments have become aware of opportunities that exist beyond their borders which has encouraged them to introduce favorable policies (Gilpin 75).
Many countries have lowered their taxes, introduced flexible labor laws and reduced regulation of capital markets to make their industries more competitive internationally.
Many countries are encouraged to establish positive links with other countries to enable their economies to achieve positive growth.
Works Cited Gilpin, Robert. Global Political Economy: Understanding the International Economic Order. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. Print.
McKenzie, Francine. “GATT and the Cold War.” Journal of Cold War Studies 10.3 (2008): 78-109. Print.
– – -.“The GATT-EEC Collision: The Challenge of Regional Trade Blocs to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1950-67.” The International History Review 32.2 (2010): 229-252. Print.
Ziring, Lawrence, Robert E. Riggs, and Jack C. Plano. The United Nations: International Organization and World Politics. San Francisco: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005. Print.
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“Long Walk to Freedom” by Nelson Mandela Analytical Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
In the fast developing world, advances and progress move countries and nations forward but at the same time, some things are left behind and become a burden for the people and evolution to better life conditions.
With particular reference to globalization there is a price that must be paid, in relation to nation’s leaders and citizens. Nelson Mandela gives an insight into civil matters through an autobiography titled “Long Walk to Freedom”.
One of the first accounts that Mandela has with the nation is when they “flew by helicopter to the First National Bank Stadium in Soweto”1. Even thought the world has taken a big step forward, people were still living in poor conditions.
This fact proves that globalization brings many more aspects of government and social life to a country and engulfs politics, culture and the general environment. Advances change the social lives of people and modernize many parts of it while leaving some matter unattended.
This happens in a way of people who are poor and unable to support themselves, cannot hope to receive more attention and better care, as the political aims of the government are targeted on the global market, international economics and relations.
After Nelson Mandela was released from prison and took on a tour of Africa, he wanted to give people a message of his support and determination to help create a new world with equal opportunities, proper education, absence of crime and discrimination2.
He states that “with changes in travel, communication, and mass media, the world had accelerated; things now happened so fast it was sometimes difficult to keep up with them”3. This is another confirmation of how the shift changes the world and increases the pace of social and cultural life.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More People start living in a new world where communication and practicing of culture and traditions becomes allowed, yet there is little time for details and individual people.
As a leader of his people, Nelson Mandela understood that every issue pertaining to the lives of people and their prosperity must be addressed.
He speaks of how much poorer his village has gotten, whereas before it was simple and tidy but presently, the fast moving world has filled it with plastic that takes so long to deteriorate, polluted water and young children living amongst change, as a natural way of life4.
Globalization makes it extremely difficult for people’s issues to be resolved in a shortest amount of time but also, it is hard for the nation’s leaders to get into every corner of all communities.
The world has become smaller and people can enjoy more rights than previously but economics have become consuming for the countries. All the focus is tended towards security, global issues, control of people moving in and out of the countries and the ever-changing social fabric.
Migration has affected the African environment, making it diverse and giving people a chance to see other places.5 There is also a change in focus in the priorities the government sets up.
The increasing population puts more demands on the leader which requires adjustment of policies that are best suited for the modern time. The international affairs put strict criteria and guidelines on the political world and conduction of governing.6
We will write a custom Essay on “Long Walk to Freedom” by Nelson Mandela specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More An inevitable process of globalization has increased the pace of progress but has created more conditions that can become worse. People’s individual lives must be taken care of, so that the society feels strong and supported, in order for the nation to flourish.
References Bell, Daniel. The Coming Of Post-industrial Society. United States: Basic Books, 2008.
Finlayson, Reggie. Nelson Mandela. United States: Lerner Publications, 2005.
Hamilton, Sara. Globalization. United States: ABDO, 2008.
Mandela, Nelson. Long Walk to Freedom. South Africa: Macdonald Purnell, 1995.
Footnotes 1 Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom (South Africa: Macdonald Purnell, 1995), 569.
2 Reggie Finlayson, Nelson Mandela (United States: Lerner Publications, 2005), 97.
3 Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom (South Africa: Macdonald Purnell, 1995), 573.
Not sure if you can write a paper on “Long Walk to Freedom” by Nelson Mandela by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More 4 Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom (South Africa: Macdonald Purnell, 1995), 581.
5 Sara Hamilton, Globalization (United States: ABDO, 2008), 57.
6 Daniel Bell, The Coming Of Post-industrial Society (United States: Basic Books, 2008), 137.
Ethics in Research Report (Assessment) online essay help: online essay help
The concept of research ethics refers to set of regulations, principles, and organizational outline that will guide in constituting and regulating any scientific exercise (Thomas 90).
Research ethic principles are vital elements of any successful scientific research because they help in uphelding ethical values and preserve sound mind, which is especially important for scientists as they should respect the subjects who participate in the study (Oliver 5).
Adhering to ethics of research is fundamental because of the following reasons.
First, ethics is paramount especially in promoting the objectives of the research, such as an acquaintance, accuracy, and evasion of possible errors in research (Bryman and Bell. 128).
Second, research ethics promotes the following principles, such as mutual respect, liability, and accuracy that are required especially in promoting collaboration during the study (Bryman and Bell. 128).
Finally, ethics in research plays a vital role in building public support for research. It is without doubt that people are more likely to support or fund a research scheme, especially when they can trust the importance of and integrity in research.
It is without a shred of a doubt that some of the ethical norms in most of the adopted codes and rules for research ethics in many organizations can be found in the law. Given the described feature, both law and research ethics will overlap.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For example, if research subjects are exposed to harm or suffering during a research activity.
The law protects every human being from harm and suffering as well as it is unethical to expose the research subjects to harm and sufferings.
Researches that will touch on administrative agencies are mainly bound by confidentiality especially when they gain any information concerning subjects’ private lives.
When researchers do not adhere to confidentiality principle, they can be subjected to legal policies as same as it is unethical to break the aforementioned principles.
The first post emphases on building trust and validity of the findings got from the student work.
The aforementioned elements are endured until negation on such issues as plagiarism, authorship, and any conflicts of interests regarding the integrity of the findings and honest of the report are put into considerations.
The response to the described post is that many professional associates, governmental agencies, and learning institutions have adopted the principles and codes that relate to research ethics given the importance of ethical norms in conducting a research activity.
We will write a custom Assessment on Ethics in Research specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ethical principle, such as respect for knowledge, will negate the aforementioned legal issues.
The second post puts across the importance of subject protection from harm as well as exploitation. The post argues that the public need to have adequate information as to whether human rights were protected as well as confidentiality was endured to.
Given the outlined principles of research ethics, confidentiality elements should always be observed too. Confidentiality element will protect personal communications, such questionnaires submitted for publication, confidential records, trade tactics, and patient records.
The human subjects protection will protect human subjects through minimizing any available vulnerable and risks, while conducting the research.
In addition, the aforementioned principles do not only protect human subjects from any form of vulnerability, but also give room for maximizing benefits.
Thus all the researches are to be conducted with respect to human dignity, confidentiality, and autonomy.
The students’ posts are similar in the sense that they describe the importance of putting into consideration the values, regulations, and principles for research ethics. In addition, violation of the described posts can be considered as unethical as well as breaking the law.
Works Cited Bryman, Alan and Emma Bell. Business Research Methods. 3ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. PDF file. Web.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Ethics in Research by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Oliver, John. Research ethics: re-evaluating the consequentialist perspective of using covertparticipant observation in management research. 2008. Web.
Thomas, Alan B. Research skills for management studies. New York: Routledge, 2004, Print.
Student Debt Crisis Exploratory Essay custom essay help
Quality education is one of the major factors that guarantee future economic prosperity of various countries. Education improves the knowledge of people in the society. Higher education is one of the most important educational levels.
Heavy investments in education after the Second World War is one of the major factors that has made the U.S. be prosperous. Heavy investments in education and scientific research led to the economic boom of the U.S. in the second half of the twentieth century (Greenberg and Page 48).
However, there has been significant reduction of state funding on higher education over the past decade. This has led to skyrocketing of the higher education.
This has led to the creation of another problem. There has been a meteoric rise in student debt. Student debt poses a real threat to the current and future generations.
The number of Americans who receive college education has increased significantly in the past three decades. It has increased by more than 1000%.
Approximately 70% of students graduate with loans of more than $24,000. 10% of these students have loans of more than $54,000 (Johnson, Ostern and White 1).
African American and Latino students are the major groups that have huge student loans. The high debt burden of these students is because African Americans and Latinos families are less wealthy than white families.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Parents of white students can afford to provide financial support to their children. This forces African American and Latino students to rely heavily on student loans for their college education.
The debt burden of American students is more than $1 trillion (Johnson, Ostern and White 1). The global financial crisis is one of the major factors that have led to the rapid increase in student loans.
During the global financial crisis, there was a significant increase in the enrolment of students in different colleges. This led to a significant increase in the number of students who borrow money to finance their education.
Reduced state funding for higher education is also one of the major factors that has led to a significant increase in student loans. State funding helps in making the cost of college tuition affordable (Sreenivasan 278).
Therefore, reduced state funding necessitated colleges to increase the cost of tuition. The increase in the cost of college tuition necessitated students to borrow money to finance their education.
The high cost of college tuition made it difficult for families to rely on savings, grants, or scholarships to finance the education of their children.
Since education is one of the major factors that led to economic prosperity of the U.S., reducing state funding on education may reduce the competitiveness of the U.S. in the global market (Greenberg and Page 48).
We will write a custom Essay on Student Debt Crisis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The global financial crisis had a direct effect on the increase in student loans. It reduced the value of endowment funds of colleges. This reduced the amount of scholarships and grants that colleges offered students.
In addition, the global financial crisis reduced the amount of money that the federal government offered institutions of higher education (Johnson, Ostern and White 1). These factors necessitated students to borrow more money to finance their education.
A significant increase in the number of for-profit colleges has also contributed to the significant increase in student loans. For-profit colleges collaborate with private lenders. They market the loans directly to students.
This practice makes students obtain loans without knowing all their options (Johnson, Ostern and White 2). This has made students incur unmanageable loans.
After graduating, students have to repay the loans. Repaying the loans is very challenging. Repaying the loans may burden the students and their families for decades. This poses a threat to the current and future generations.
These loans limit the ability of the students to build successful careers. In addition, it increases the financial burden of their families.
In some instances, the huge student loans may force students to take low paying jobs. The students may be unable to wait for high paying jobs. Taking the low paying jobs, which are readily available, enables the students to stop the payments and interests from increasing significantly.
This practice reduces the number of graduates who are willing to start businesses. This has a negative effect on the U.S. economy.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Student Debt Crisis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The income of graduates who have federal loans determines their monthly repayments. However, this option is not available to graduates who have private loans (Maeda 261).
A significant increase in the cost of college tuition has increased the financial burden of students and their families. In some instances, students turn down admissions in colleges that they desire since they are unable to raise fees for the colleges.
In addition, inability to raise college fees may force students to delay or fail to attend college. Thousands of students leave college without a degree annually (Johnson, Ostern and White 2). This is despite the fact that they may have huge student loans.
Despite the fact that higher education has many problems, it is a fact that higher education is vital. People who have a college degree are more likely to find employment that people who have only a high school diploma. College education is usually a pathway to future financial prosperity.
In addition, college education provides students with skills that are vital in the development of the American economy.
References Greenberg, Edward and Benjamin Page. The struggle for democracy. 11th ed. 2013. Upper Saddle River, NY: Longman. Print.
Johnson, Anne, Tobin Van Ostern and Abraham White. The student debt crisis, Washington, DC: Center for American Progress, 2012. Print.
Maeda, Martha. How to wipe out your student loans and be debt free fast: Everything you need to know explained simply, Ocala, FL: Atlantic Publishing Company, 2009. Print.
Sreenivasan, Jyotsna. Poverty and the government in America, 2-volume set: A historical encyclopedia, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print.
The Nature and Practice of HRM in Organisations Research Paper college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Introduction To investigate with the nature and practice of human resource management in an organisation, this paper has organised with the HRM strategy of the Emirates NBD Bank PJSC as the author of this paper has a saving account in this financial institution and a lot of friends and family members are working there.
Background of the Company The Emirates NBD was organised as the most dominant in the GCC region in 2007 by merging two leading banks of UAE named Emirates Bank International (EBI) and National Bank of Dubai (NBD) and turned into the banking champion with around 141 branches and 740 ATMs and conducting retail and wholesale banking with dynamic financial performance.
As a socially responsible financial institution in the UAE, Emirates NBD is serving the local communities with charity, education, and environment by upholding the cultural heritage of UAE through its 8,000 employees originated from 50 different countries, as a result the company evidenced turned into the biggest and most culturally diversified organisation in this region UAE.
The mission of the company has aimed to deliver value-added management solutions that would finally create exceptional value for its customers, employees, and shareholders while the vision of the company is to turn into the marvellous Service provider in the financial industry along with the property market (Emirates NBD 2013).
Emirates NBD’s HRM Activities to Managing its Staff The Gulf News (2012) and the Reuters (2012) reported that the largest bank of UAE Emirates NBD would conduct fire 15% of its employees; the board of management has confirmed this job cutting with the intention to attain a huge cost saving and the employees have already noticed to move the organisation.
During the merger of EBI and NBD in 2007, the employees have evidenced huge redundant due to both the hard and soft approach, but five years later in the post-merger era such decision generated fear, uncertainty and instability to the workplace environment and the threatening workforce engaged to demonstrate their highest performance to rescue themselves from this pressure.
The Oracle (2013) explored that the bank has decided to integrate Oracle technology to reduce HR cost by integrating different software solution and it has already adopted ‘Oracle E-Business Suite Release 12’ that assist the company an automated process for workforce planning, recruitment, training, payroll, performance measurement and more than an HR team performs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More At the same time, the integration of new technology is a positive attribute of an organisation, but cost-saving through employees’ layoff is a syndrome inherited from the merger process, therefore, it is essential to investigate the theoretical outlook to the HR perspectives in the post-merger stage
Theoretical Perspective HR During and After Merger Schuler and Jackson (2003) argued that in the present age of globalisation merger is enormously applied to reinforce and sustain the market position allowing it as a relatively speedy and resourceful path to enter into the new markets, incorporating with new technologies along with organisational innovation though there is no assurance to succeed a merger.
On the other hand, the majority of the mergers became unsuccessful in achieving their stated goals and objectives as the process involved with abundant of social costs, numerous job cuts, omitted income of the communities, and decrease taxes in the operating country, such social costs would be tolerable to the stakeholders while the merger results in triumphant outcomes.
The cause of merger letdown lies beneath the financial issues along with market factors even as previous studies demonstrated that most of the mergers comedown due to deficiency of systematic approach to the diverse dynamics of human resource management and its amalgamation in the pre and post-merger stage where culture, leadership, and communication have also significant effect (Bhaskar 2012).
Bhaskar (2012) pointed out that at the pre-merger state the HR specialists of the acquiring organisation would analyse the soft and hard aspects of the organisation that indented to merged, the hard aspects incorporated with staff member’s compensation, bonus, pension, health insurance and dismissal reimbursement while the soft factors incorporated with culture, performance measurement decision-making process and organisational values.
At the post-merger stage, the HR issues become the focal point in order to establish a HR strategy for the combined employees and designing their organisational role, position, pay structure, communication integrating with the new vision and objective of the merger while skills, capabilities, engagement would be taken into account for decision making (Bhaskar 2012).
Rationales of the Topic Emirates NBD (2007) pointed out that the objectives of merger between the Emirates Bank International (EBI) and National Bank of Dubai (NBD) was to boost financial strength and capabilities in order to become top leader of financial industry both in the domestic market and GCC region by highest utilisation of the organisational resources through a cost-effective measures.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Nature and Practice of HRM in Organisations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At the first phase of it has evidenced that the merged management has aligned to cutting remarkable jobs as an implication of their cost-saving strategy, at the same time Emirates NBD engaged in providing training for skills development and improving leadership quality (Emirates NBD 2013).
During the merger, most of the leadership in diverse department were expatriates, but in the post-merger era the company has been keeping continuous effort to developing the leadership from the UAE Nationals replacing the expatiates, for instance, Wahed Al Fahim a manager of Wholesale Banking has promoted as the Group Deputy CEO of the bank (Emirates NBD 2009).
Similar leadership development initiatives also evidenced in the consumer banking, wealth management, and IT department where the lower level to management team members jumped to the top level without experiencing the mid-level positions; therefore, the process of leadership development in the Emirates NBD under question mark and necessitate to have a study in this regard.
Ghad (2012) pointed out that Emirates NBD in order to improve the capacity building skills of its team members has initiated a ‘Managerial Leadership Program’ with the collaboration and direct supervision Harvard Business School that organised participation focused learning scheme to generate leadership capabilities integrating with the business model of the bank.
Most importantly, the training scheme generally addressed three major issues such as ‘personal leadership, ‘team leadership’, and ‘execution leadership’ next to peer-to-peer learning method conducted by the specialist moderators from Harvard, but failed to integrate the existing senior leadership involvement in this workshop (Satyam 2013; and Ghad 2012).
As a result, the leadership development program of Emirates NBD turned into an academic discussion rather than skills transfer from the senior management leaders; consequently, leadership development scheme exists with huge gaps (Satyam 2013; and Ghad 2012). Thus, to address the existing leadership gaps in the operation of Emirates NBD, it is rational to conduct a study with ‘Leadership approach to managing people in the post-merger situation of Emirates NBD’.
Theoretical review of the leadership approach to manage people To assess the nature and practice of human resource management and leadership approach to manage people at the post-merger situation of Emirates NBD, it is essential to discuss different leadership style, such as autocratic, situational, participative, and transformational leadership approach.
Autocratic Leadership Approach
This is one of the oldest and rigid styles; moreover, this approach based on the centralisation of power for which the leaders have full control over all decisions (Cherry 2013; Withers 2013; Lester 2013; and Weihrich
Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew Essay (Article) best essay help
Table of Contents Overview
Demographic Information Relating to the Orthodox Jews
Factors affecting Multicultural Competency
Recommendations for Improving Counseling
Overview For the most part, the literature on cultural diversity tends to ignore the effects that religion has on psychotherapy and counseling. Judaism is an excellent example of a religion that ignores its effects on both psychotherapy and counseling. Orthodox Jews also serve as an excellent example of a minority group that fails to utilize the psychological health services offered by the majority culture.
According to Schnall (2006), many barriers, both personal and institutional tend to prevent Orthodox Jews from receiving satisfactory psychological health services. The main reason that contributes to this situation is the fact that multiculturalism tends to exclude Jews, their issues and anti- Semitism.
Such treatment is highly discouraging because it demonstrates a worrying trend of anti- Semitism. Besides, there lacks comprehensive scientific studies that examine psychotherapy relating to Orthodox Jews. This lack of concern is manifest in that most forms of literature, including books and academic journals, hardly ever cover Jews in their studies.
Moreover, although there are clear signs that Orthodox Jews favor non-Orthodox therapists, the number of culturally competent counselors to handle this population adequately is small. However, it is still sensible for the Orthodox Jews to receive counseling services from non-Jewish or non-Orthodox counselors.
Demographic Information Relating to the Orthodox Jews The term Orthodoxy has been in use for quite a long time. The first application of the term dates back to 1807 when Napoleon liberated the Jews from the slums. This term was applicable to the Jews who abided by the Jewish laws and customs. Orthodox Jews believe that God gave the Torah to the Israelites at Mount Sinai together with a number of exquisitely designed interpretations of its commands. When working with this population, mental health professionals should understand that Orthodox Jews has several subgroups.
The various subgroups differ widely in terms of worldview, language, religious practices, diet and dressing. In the United States, there are approximately 5.2 and 6.7 million Orthodox Jews, with the Orthodox Jews constituting only a small fraction of this population (Schnall, 2006). Although the Orthodox Jews population is relatively small, they are often inclined to live in concentrated neighborhoods. They also prefer living in major capitals in the northern parts of America such as Baltimore, Toronto and Los Angeles.
Institutional Barriers The incompatibility of Western mental health care and the needs of the Orthodox Jews arise because of the differences in these cultures. For this reason, it has been difficult for them to seek these services and receive sufficient care. One of the obstacles affecting counseling relates to the issue of finances.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Most Orthodox Jews are highly devoted to their religion, which leaves them financially pressed. In addition, most Orthodox Jews tend to perceive seeking mental health services as revealing their personal weaknesses. Furthermore, classical Jewish literature is highly critical of the medical profession in general. Consequently, many Orthodox Jews tend to question how non-Jewish counselors can understand some significant aspects of their culture such as the Jewish soul using worldly knowledge (Schnall, 2006).
University education of mental health practitioners presents another significant barrier for the Orthodox Jews. In most cases, the Orthodox Jews consider such people as corrupted and belonging to the secular world. Besides, they fear that therapists and counselors will not respect their values. Orthodox Jews are also likely to demonstrate suspicion when dealing with outsiders owing to their long history of persecution.
In this case, they are likely to suspect outsiders for holding ulterior or anti-Semitic motives (Schnall, 2006). The Jews might also harbor fears that the counseling sessions might involve inappropriate interactions with members of the opposite sex. Finally, there is a disgrace attached to seeking mental health services in the Orthodox Jewish culture.
They fear that others may perceive them as being crazy. The situation becomes even more complicated because an individual’s background plays a critical role when considering a marriage partner. The Orthodox Jewish community is cohesive, which means that keeping secrets is not easy. For that reason, Orthodox Jews often seek the services of a rabbi to solve their problems.
Factors affecting Multicultural Competency Numerous barriers affect multicultural competency in counseling. The most disturbing barrier to multicultural competency is the fact that there are numerous subgroups among the Orthodox Jews. Each subgroup has different religious practices, worldviews and customs. This requires the counselor to have the ability to understand different body movements, languages and facial expressions.
The stigma associated with seeking mental health services also serves as a barrier for counselors working with Orthodox Jews patients because the shame involved complicates matters. In addition, it is not easy to counsel Orthodox Jews on matters relating to family planning because they do not acknowledge modern methods that require ceasing or delaying childbearing. Besides, they aspire to replace family members killed in the Holocaust (Schnall, 2006).
While therapy often requires making inquiries about spouses, Orthodox Jews often show reluctance to share any negative information. Asking certain questions to assess intelligence also poses problems for the counselor because the Orthodox Jews isolate themselves from the secular world. The conflict between Western explanatory models and Orthodox Jews religious beliefs and preconceptions also complicates matters because they both have different ways of interpreting the problems (Schnall, 2006).
We will write a custom Article on Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, many Orthodox Jews will consider seeking counseling from their rabbis, as opposed to professional counselors. Besides, it is difficult to provide counseling to women because their role in society is not clear. Moreover, counselors may not understand issues revolving around Jewish spousal relations because strict laws often guide them. Lastly, the issues of countertransference and embarrassment also act as barriers during counseling.
Recommendations for Improving Counseling The most effective recommendation for counselors intending to work with the Orthodox Jews is for them to coordinate with the rabbis and other authoritative figures of their community. Such liaisons are essential because they help the counselors to earn legitimacy and credibility. Counselors should also learn some of the mannerisms and customs of the Orthodox Jews because this will enable them to understand them in a better way.
The counselors should also consider incorporating customary Jewish thought into their treatment plans (Schnall, 2006). Similarly, the counselors should incorporate some biblical readings in their treatment plans because this helps to promote emotional and psychological well-being. In addition, counselors should frame their ideas and explanations in religious terms because this helps to make the therapy more convincing.
In some cases, incorporating Jewish ritual may be helpful in encouraging participation. Besides, use of biological models to deal with mental illnesses is appropriate because the Orthodox Jews patients’ are more comfortable with this approach.
Moreover, counselors must ensure that the clinic environment is comfortable and staff members observe a reserved dress code to reduce anxiety. Counselors should also appreciate that Orthodox Jews patients’ value privacy and would prefer meeting at secluded locations, away from other members of their community (Schnall, 2006).
Additionally, counselors should be cautious when determining their fees because most Orthodox Jews are not financially stable. Lastly, counselors should consider employing a team approach when proving counseling. In addition, the counselor may advise the client to bring along a chaperon who would act as a “cultural bridge.”
Reference Schnall, E. (2006). Multicultural Counseling and the Orthodox Jew. Journal of Counseling
The Big-Five Personality Assessment and its Application in the Workplace Report essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Literature Review and Critical Analysis
Introduction Modern-day organisational managers are highly interested in the ability of employees to meet flexibility requirements for them to suit different work environments as organisational situations change. This implies that the ability of an employee to perform well in only some specific tasks ceases from being the main criteria for selection and recruitment. According to Fleeson, “in recent years, managers have become interested in determining how well an employee’s personality and values match an organisation” (2004, p.83).
This suggests that some employees are well suited to meet organisational goals and objectives than others depending on their personality traits. Personality refers to “the total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others” (Goodstein
Google Company Overview Essay essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Google’s history
Google’s history Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded the Google Company while doing their Ph. D at the Stanford University (Battelle 2005). The two founders launched and incorporated the company as a private enterprise in 1998, and thereafter, they obtained their first public offering in 2004. By 2006, Google was fully established and the founders repositioned Google’s headquarters to Mountain View, California. Since then, Google has grown rapidly. Google has the largest market share of the search engines.
Google’s search engine has gained fame, and is used globally. Google also offers a social networking site called Google . Gmail is one of the best and most efficient productivity software offered by Google and its usage expands on a daily process globally. Google has the largest market share in internet usage, social networking and cloud computing. An approximate of 80% of businesses uses Google products and services globally (Battelle 2005).
The Google Corporation manipulates more than one million data centre servers globally. There is an increasing demand for the services of handling servers worldwide and Google anticipates managing over one billion data centre servers in the near future. As at 7 October, 4:00pm, Google’s stock price dropped by 6.61 trading at $865.74 per share. This represented a 0.8% negative change from the previous sales. However, Google’s stock price head towards trading at $1000 per share in the near future.
Core activities Google is a technological company. Its key activities comprise of the search engine and online advertising. Google also deals with operating systems, hardware and software products. However, the main source of revenue for Google is the online advertising business. Google does an online business of selling and delivering products and services in more than 50 countries. Google has an enhanced mobile segment and home segment Motorola business.
Through the home segment, Google provides video entertainment services. The consumers ought to subscribe with Google to access digital television services. The mobile segment manufactures and sells electronics. Google has acquired and collaborated with many other technological companies to offer an infinite number of products and services.
Organizational structure Google uses a functional structure, where the top management team focuses on employing value-chain activity measures (Gibbs 2013). To ease the management of the operations, Google’s management team has subdivided the company into five departments as shown below.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Each of the departmental heads reports directly to the executive management team, and the team reports to the board of directors. The small business units obtain a chance to innovate and invent things within the larger company. The multidivisional structure with small business units facilitates centralized planning for a large company as Google.
Vision and values
Google operates under a very high vision of systemizing the world’s information and making it readily accessible and useful (Miguel 2009). To attain the set mission, Google has adopted a culture of value for its employees. Google’s employees work very hard, under a very challenging environment, but they make fun out of the challenging environment.
Conclusion Google is an amazing company that has overturned the lives of people. Gone are the days when researchers would spend hours in the library trying to fish out information from written books. Google has enhanced the entertainment industry, and shopping is just a click of a mouse. Google has changed people’s lives to the better as compared to the earlier days, and a world without Google is unimaginable.
References Battelle, J 2005, ‘The Birth of Google’, Wired. Web.
Gibbs, S 2013, ‘Google introduces the biggest algorithm change in three years’, Guardian. Web.
Miguel, H 2009, ‘Google to Offer Ads Based on Interests’, The New York Times. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Google Company Overview specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
International Management Current Event Essay essay help free
The airline industry Globalization, technological changes, stiff competition, innovation, and changes in customer preferences are instrumental to the current dynamic trends being observed in all industries across the globe. These factors determine the performance of an organization in competitive markets. The airline industry for example confirms how these factors have contributed to its growth. Many recent changes have occurred in this industry.
New technologies, products and services, mergers and new innovations among others are common in the competitive airline industry. Just like in other business industries, companies in the airline industry compete for a larger market share and growth in order to obtain a competitive edge in the industry. In the recent past, the airline industry has been affected by a reduction in demand and the sharp increase of fuel prices. Many corporations are turning to low cost operating and differentiation strategies to gain a competitive edge.
International (Business related) Current Event online In reference to the 7th October, 2013 BBC news, Airbus, a leader in aircraft manufacturing announced its deal with Japanese airlines. Airbus manufactures A350 planes. This aircraft manufacturing giant won the order for 31 (A350) planes worth approximately $9.5 billion (“BBC Business News” par. 1).
The Japanese company also has a plan of buying an extra 25 (A350) planes from the same company. Airbus made this strategic move in order to lessen the competitive pressure from Boeing, which is its closest competitor in the region (“BBC Business News” par. 3). If the deal is to be confirmed, Boeing will be adversely affected because they have dominated the Japanese aviation industry for many years. Boeing was also hit by technical and safety issues a few months ago (“BBC Business News” par. 2).
Identify Global/Regional Economic Implications, and write Your Judgment: Opportunity or Threat for Region/Corporation? Why? Airbus and Japan Airlines (JAL) landmark $ 9.5 billion deal has a great effect on the regional economic growth of Japan (“BBC Business News” par. 8). With the two aircraft manufacturing giants operating in the region, it is obvious that the region’s economic growth will improve. This is because more jobs will be created leading to improved living standards. Infrastructure will also be improved and the government of Japan will maximize on its revenue collections. All these factors are instrumental in the economic growth of Japan.
As aforementioned, Boeing will receive a blow from Airbus its competitor because its market share will be reduced after the deal is confirmed. Airbus will increase its market share, sales, profits, and revenue considering that its competitor had previously dominated the aviation market in Japan.
The competition of these two aircraft manufacturing giants has a lot of benefits for the region. It will lead to reduced fare prices, more innovation than before, differentiation, and good customer relations among others. All these confirm that there will be improvements, and hence lead to the region’s economic growth.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Japan Airlines which is the purchaser will also earn extra profits because the (A350) Planes are cost effective. The aircrafts are much more fuel efficient than Boeing manufactured planes. This factor will make it possible for the demand of the planes to increase. Considering that these aircrafts are more fuel efficient than the previous models, Japan Airlines will cut on costs and maximize on profits. It will also be able to reduce the fare prices, and hence attract and retain more customers than before.
The customers will also benefit because their expenses will reduce. Considering that they used to pay more than what they will be charged; they will be able to save some money for other purposes. This will enhance their living standards. All these factors confirm that the move will lead to a growth in the economy of the region.
Works Cited BBC Business News. Airbus and Japan Airlines agree landmark $9.5bn deal. 7 October 2013. Web.
Cultural Diversity in Counseling Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
Multicultural counseling is an emerging concept in the field of counseling, and especially in situations where both the client and the counselor are from diverse cultural backgrounds. The United States has undergone significant socio-demographic changes in recent years and for this reason, multiculturalism is now as important part of our lives.
Moreover, the U.S has become a religiously and culturally diverse country and for this reason, counselors are more likely to exhibit their own cultural biases while attending to clients. Cultural distinctness affects the communication process between the client and the counselor, thereby impacting on the patient-counselor relationship and the results of the counseling session.
This reflection paper has identified religious and spiritual diversity in the United States as a major form of cultural biases. It examines the origin of these biases, along with the measures that needs to be taken in order to overcome them.
People from different ethnic and racial backgrounds believe in the power embedded in their spirituality and religion. They believe that spirituality and religion affects their wellbeing, lives, and good health. Therefore, spirituality and religion are important to different racial and ethnic groups as they provide meaning to life, joy, comfort and pleasure.
However, beliefs tied around spirituality and religion varies from one ethnic community to another, and lack of exposure to other cultures may result in cultural bias. From my own experience, the origin of cultural bias due to religious and spiritual diversity emanates from limited exposure to other cultures (Sumari,
Ethical Practices of Technology Usage Exploratory Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
The focus on ethical practices and principles is essential to using technologies during the teaching-learning process because it is essential to avoid any violation of ethical principles associated not only with the traditional classroom environment but also with the online classes. According to Lin, the typical ethical concerns associated with the technology use in relation to the learning process are “copyright, learner privacy, and accessibility” (Lin, 2007, p. 411).
The instructor’s task is to create the conditions to avoid the copyright infringement, privacy violation, and the rules for accessing the necessary materials in order to protect the rights and interests of both students and educators.
Thus, such course activities as the development of the e-learning class activities and the associated PowerPoint Presentation for EDU 655 can be discussed as demonstrative to the Program Learning Outcome 5 which is to “exemplify ethical practices of technology usage”. To respond to the discussed outcome completely, it is necessary to redesign the activities in order to state the importance of ethical principles and practices regarding the technology use in the teaching-learning process.
To redesign the e-learning class activities and the associated Power Point Presentation, it is significant to use the instructional principles characteristic for Constructivism. The basic principle of Constructivism is to “create novel and situation-specific understandings by ‘assembling’ knowledge from diverse sources appropriate to the problem at hand (flexible use of knowledge)” (Dabbagh, 2006).
Thus, the e-learning class activities and the PowerPoint Presentation should be based on diverse sources to provide students with the opportunity to improve their knowledge. That is why these theory and principles are appropriate to redesign the activities.
Following the Constructivism principles in combination with focusing on the copyright and privacy issues, it is essential to evaluate the used sources in relation to their credibility and originality as well as to provide the detailed references to the sources in the learning materials because “copyright protects the particular way authors have expressed themselves” (U.S. Copyright Office, 2012).
That is why, to redesign the activities and created materials, it was essential to evaluate the sources used and to revise the citations in order to provide all the necessary information about the sources’ origin and authors.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Any quotes, materials, and images should be cited correctly in order to avoid the copyright infringement and to demonstrate significance of the above-mentioned ethical principles to students. Thus, the accuracy of the data used was evaluated with the help of examining the used sources and websites thoroughly, and the necessary information about the causes such as the full title of the source and full date was added to the materials.
Nevertheless, while redesigning the project, such challenges as the necessity to evaluate the credibility of the used sources and the origin of the material were experienced.
For instance, it was somewhat difficult to check all the provided privacy and copyright information on the site to state its credibility and to refer to several links in order to determine the originality of the cited researches because of a range of copy materials on the Internet which can be used inappropriately. These challenges were overcome with the help of examining all the provided information properly in order to address the ethical principles of technology usage.
Thus, to contribute to the development of the effective teaching-learning process based on using technologies, it is necessary to refer to the associated ethical principles and practices.
References Dabbagh, N. (2006). Instructional design knowledge base. Web.
Lin, H. (2007). The ethics of instructional technology: Issues and coping strategies experienced by professional technologists in design and training situations in higher education. Educational Technology Research and Development, 55(1), 411-437.
U.S. Copyright Office. (2012). Fair use. Web.
We will write a custom Essay on Ethical Practices of Technology Usage specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
NCLB Side Effects Essay (Article) argumentative essay help
A balanced curriculum incorporates three key components; the learner’s needs, the societal needs, and input from professionals (Cawelti, 2006). The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, which aims at improving academic standards in public schools, has been controversial because it focuses only on two test areas, mathematics and reading/language literacy.
Researchers identify three side effects of this Act. First, testing proficiency in mathematics and language results in an imbalanced curriculum whereby less instruction time is allotted to other subjects (Cawelti, 2006). This affects student performance in other subjects.
The second side effect relates to the teachers’ satisfaction and morale. The high requirements placed on reading and mathematics make teachers focus on improving the standardized test scores, rather than teaching creatively (Cawelti, 2006). Failure to reduce the achievement gaps, based on students’ test scores, often discourages teachers. The NCLB allows each state to set standards of determining students’ proficiency in mathematics and language.
Some states, e.g. Texas, deliberately skew the test scores in order to show that most of their students have high proficiency in language and mathematics (Cawelti, 2006). Higher test scores would mean that the students’ performance in these two subjects meets the national standards. However, this only prevents state system from implementing essential changes in classrooms to improve understanding and mastery of content by the student.
Educational researchers provide various models for improving learning standards in public schools, reducing achievement gaps, and ensuring balanced curriculum.
To promote balance in the learning curriculum, school leaders should encourage parental and community involvement in students’ learning activities. The broad-field model is one of the proposed curriculum improvement models. It comprises of five elements; (1) sciences; (2) social/cultural studies; (3) drama, music and art; (4) languages and mathematics; and (5) problem-solving skills (Cawelti, 2006).
Cawelti (2006) proposes that the broad-field model be expanded to include additional skills in technology, citizenship, recreation and health. A second approach involves the cultural literacy of young students; it advocates for the introduction of important concepts and topics in science, history and the arts in elementary school curriculum (Cawelti, 2006). Academic experts can offer the topics to be included in this curriculum.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A third approach is the crucial issues perspective. The proponents of this model propose that school curriculums should focus on issues that relate to the students’ day-to-day experiences. They propose a curriculum that has five issues. The first issue is the democratization process, which includes skills in operations of government agencies, civic education and voter participation (Cawelti, 2006). Students should also be taught about the various economic systems including communism and capitalism, as well as the effects of globalization.
A third issue recommended under this model is population control, whereby students are taught about reproductive health and lifestyle diseases. This model also recommends that students be taught about world religions and cultures, as well as regional conflicts. Students should also be taught about environmental issues including global warming, environmental pollution and the dangers of nuclear waste and ozone depletion.
To achieve a balanced curriculum, reduce achievement gaps and improve learning, Cawelti (2006) proposes a test-case model. This approach advocates for increased funding to school districts to help implement four main projects: the Baldrige National Quality Program; good organizational practices; parental involvement, cooperative learning and mentoring programs; and learning communities in school settings.
He argues that this approach will equip learners with skills that will enable them to function effectively both as students and as members of the society.
Reference List Cawelti, G. (2006). The Side Effects of NCLB. Educational Leadership, 64(3), 64-68.
Toyota Corporation Production Essay college essay help near me: college essay help near me
The key drivers to the success of Toyota before the crisis Production and operations management
The actual production and delivery of products including the operational management was essential to the success of Toyota. The company’s product design incorporated product process, planning and implementing production processes as well as acquiring and organizing resources.
With this broad scope, the production and operation functions had a fundamental role in the company’s ability to attain the set goals and objectives before the crisis. Besides, the operations managers were familiar with the concepts and issues that surrounded the functional area.
The basic performance objectives that pertained to all operations including quality, speed, flexibility, dependability and cost were well planned and realized. Thus, Toyota Company was successful in meeting these objectives through its production and operation function.
Over decades, Toyota operations were streamlined thus resulting in the popularly known Toyota Production System (TPS). The TPS was conceived when the company realized that producing massive quantities from limited product line to achieve maximum economies of scale led to flaws.
Its major objectives were to reduce cost, eliminate waste and respond to the changing needs of the customers. Under this system, quality was considered as doing things right via the provision of error free products that satisfied the targeted customers. Conversely, Toyota vehicles were among the leading brands in customer satisfaction.
Voting Toyota as the best annual vehicle by most marketplace reviews indicated that the company had an appealing reputation globally. Due to good quality, Toyota success had kept growing and in 2009 the company was the best worldwide. Moreover, Toyota was keen on producing quality vehicles with many technologies that improved the performance of the vehicles.
The TPS method applied during operation focused on the reduction of complications via the use of undersized and uncomplicated machineries that were elastic and strong. On the other hand, rescheduling run and outline to promote plainness enhanced the pace of manufacturing and assembling Toyota vehicles.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another driver to the success of Toyota was dependability, which implied timely working to ensure that customers got their products within the promised time. Toyota had included just in time manufacturing method comprising of experienced employees who worked in cooperation while the Kanban management assisted the team in delivering manufactured goods and services as guaranteed.
Every worker, mechanical expert, and director was concerned with the improvement of value and effectiveness of Toyota vehicles. The organization admired making adjustments while developing receptive and supple structures that helped in dealing with the changing trade settings. Inside the company’s production area, Toyota Corp had the ability to attain large-scale flexibility whilst manufacturing tiny product bunches that hardly generated any value or output loss.
Team working in TPS
From this case, the corporation emerged to be among the few vehicle producers in the automobile industry, which constantly generated profits during and subsequent to the 1974 oil disaster. Due that crisis, producers that rivaled Toyota envied and visited the company in order to find out the reasons behind Toyota’s triumph in the declining souk environment.
The company’s discovery was the unique team working of the Japanese who utilized scientific management rules. Japanese team working was very dissimilar to that which became prominent in the American and European companies in the 1960s and 1970s. The Japanese team working usually referred to as Toyotaism implied a certain form of work organization that emphasized on lean production.
The technique combined the JIT creation methods; dilemma-resolving groups, job consistency, as well as influential first-line administration and nonstop but succeeding Toyota process step up. All these drivers contributed to the success of Toyota before the crisis.
The JIT manufacturing scheme attempted to accomplish the clients’ requests devoid of generating any waste products while offering faultless value. Organization and scheduling of various Just in time approaches took into consideration draw arrangement, staged forecasting, Kanban organization, flow harmonization, and assorted reproduction development.
Besides, Toyota was one of the biggest players in transforming Japan into being a kingpin in automotive production. Other companies which had adopted the company’s production system increased efficiency and productivity. Thus, Toyota was developing over the years since the industry’s analysis of the best plant winners showed that the company used lean manufacturing techniques extensively.
We will write a custom Essay on Toyota Corporation Production specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The primary causes of this crisis The Toyota Corp experienced a crisis in the fiscal 2010 subsequent to its vehicles being involved in industrial accident. The quality of Toyota started to fall impulsively despite attaining its 2010 Global Vision. With the potential fatal defects, it was essential for the Corporation to stop its manufacturing in several areas and recall back cars ranging to more than a million.
The TMC crisis arose primarily due to the inability of the company to manage its quality given the hurried expansion and unique production philosophy. Besides, Toyota’s poor quality production increased following the Second World War that left the company with competitive disadvantage. Conversely, Toyota Corp was suffering from financial problems while struggling with quality problems. In a war- desolated economy, Toyota considered it necessary to exploit low costs while producing a wide range of vehicles.
Nevertheless, the competency that drove the American giant car manufacturers was inappropriate for car fabrication in Japan thus generating crisis. The American techniques highlighted large consignments made on specialized machines. Hence, the crisis augmented due to little capital meant for business venture after the warfare. That is, the system proved not to be cost-effective particularly for low-volume demand.
The crisis also came due to surplus rework needed during the production of faulty products and surplus inventory of finished products, work in progress, and raw materials. In addition, the deprived product and instrument design resulting into the erroneous over-production and overindulgent movement of products past the necessary production procedure also caused the crisis.
Finally, the pointless waiting of tools and personnel for the subsequent production and over manufacturing ahead of demand are some wastes that increased the Toyota crisis.
The adjustment of Toyota after the crisis In case of a major crisis, Toyota should adjust by shutting down its production or operations in areas that were affected most and particular products that underperformed in such a situation. For example, during the 2008 financial crisis the company closed down its production of large vehicles for some time and switched the factory that produced SUVs into that which produced Priuses.
This adjustment was also evident during the Japanese earthquakes when Toyota suspended its operation in plants within the affected region. The company should also respond by eliminating some of its workforce especially the temporary workers in the affected facilities. This included extending leaves and making such employees work on part time basis. Toyota may similarly minimize the remuneration for plant managers and reduce bonus for every salaried workforce.
Since the crisis affected Toyota employees and customers directly, the company should ensure that the stakeholders are aware of the changes. When crisis ends, Toyota should establish a committee that takes the opinions of employees and customers in the affected areas in order to determine the most appropriate crisis adjustment strategies.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Toyota Corporation Production by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The committee should be responsible for devising methods to explain the reasons for the adjustments and the benefits they have for the stakeholders. The employees should be given options to extend their leaves or get assistance to secure other jobs. Through this strategy, Toyota will maintain good relationship with customers and employees affected by the crisis.
Cleveland Clinic in the UAE Case Study college admission essay help
Introduction The Cleveland Clinic is a medical centre that is located in Abu Dhabi, UAE. The clinic is a multi-specialty institution. Cleveland Clinic has a bed capacity of 364 people, which can also be expanded to 490 bed capacity. The hospital is currently under construction and is expected to be complete by the end of 2013. The clinic will be offering a number of medical services, ranging from primary to tertiary services.
The services to be offered in this hospital will help Abu Dhabi and the United Arab Emirates region to access international standards of healthcare. The demand for services from the clinic is going to be high given that it will be a leading clinic in the Middle East region. This paper will analyse the market conditions of Cleveland Clinic.
Price elasticity of demand for the services offered at Cleveland Clinic Price elasticity of demand refers to the changes in demand that result from a percentage change in the price of a commodity, or a service. Price elasticity of demand normally has a negative figure, but the negative sign is usually ignored despite the fact that it is likely to bring some kind of ambiguity.
Cleveland Clinic is expected to be offering international healthcare services in the United Arab Emirates. The clinic will be providing multi speciality services as well. No other health institution offers services of that level in the region. Therefore, the price elasticity of demand for the hospital’s services will be inelastic.
This means that an increase in price will not cause any change on the demand. It is important to note that the price elasticity of demand for health services is generally inelastic since people do not have options other than acquiring the services when they are sick or need medical attention.
Cost and market structure The cost of operation of the Cleveland Clinic is likely to be relatively high due to the kind of services it will be offering. High-level and specialized services will be offered in this health institution, thus the operating costs are expected to be high. The health centre operates in a monopolistic competition market structure.
This is the kind of market structure that has a few large organizations that dominate the market, where each of the firms has a small share of the market and offers differentiated products or services. Cleveland Clinic is the largest health centre in the region at the moment. There are other health centres that compete with it, thus the clinic is not a monopoly. Cleveland Clinic offers differentiated services. The other players in the market also offer differentiated services, making the market structure a monopolistic competition.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Impacts of global competition on Cleveland Clinic Globalization has been dominant in the world market over the last couple of decades. Most organizations have established international operations. The Cleveland Clinic will be offering its services internationally, thus it will be affected by the global competition.
In the global competition, every organization tries to offer the best services to win more customers and increase profitability. Global competition has led Cleveland Clinic to establish specialised services in the bid to adopt differentiation. This will help the clinic get more customers and improve its performance.
Cleveland Clinic should expand its current operations The objective of every organization is to keep improving and maximizing profits. Other competitor organizations will always be working to win the competitive advantage. Therefore, it is important for Cleveland Clinic to keep on expanding its operations as, well as diversify the operations to maintain its competitive position. Failure to diversify might lead to the clinic being overtaken in terms of competition and lose profitability.
Cleveland Clinic is currently located in the Abu Dhabi and it offers international standard services, thus it is likely to get customers from all over the globe. It is important for Cleveland Clinic to invest in new products, services, and locations in its bid to expand operations because some customers may find it difficult to travel to Abu Dhabi to get the services. This way, the clinic will be able to reach more customers.
Cleveland Clinic will also be in a better position to survive the global competition. The pressure of global competition on the clinic is likely to reduce if the organization expands its operations. Investing in new clinics and service locations will help the clinic to get a wide range of customers from all over the globe. Global competition exerts more pressure on organizations that have less service/ operation locations. Therefore, the global competition will impact the organization positively if it establishes new locations in various parts of the globe.
Effects of government policies, social diversity and business ethics Business operations are affected in different ways by government policies. Government policies usually influence the plans of the government, as well as the government’s activities and intentions. In turn, government activities have a direct effect on the business operations.
An organization’s plan should be in line with those of the government. For instance, there is a probability that the costs charged on customers will go up if the government of the United Arab Emirates implements taxes on medical facilities and services. It is possible that the taxes charged on the clinic will be higher bearing in mind that Cleveland Clinic offers services to an international community. Its services will, therefore, be a slightly more expensive.
We will write a custom Case Study on Cleveland Clinic in the UAE specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This will affect its competitiveness since people may opt for cheaper clinics. The government may also implement subsidies on medical facilities, a factor that will have a direct effect on the cost of services offered by Cleveland Clinic. In addition, its activities should not counter those of the government. The policies of the United Arab Emirates government are going to affect the operations of Cleveland Clinic. Therefore, the clinic should execute its operations in such a manner that it adheres to the government policies.
Health institutions are meant to serve the society by offering health services. Workers in such institutions should be in a position to handle people from various ethnicities, cultures, as well as social classes. Cleveland Clinic being an international institution will be offering services to a widely diversified society.
Therefore, social diversity will have an effect on its operations. Other communities and cultures are expected to be visiting Cleveland Clinic, although most of the customers will be of the Arabic origin. There is a possibility that the Cleveland Clinic will lose its competitive advantage in case it will not able to handle or deal with different cultures and their demands. Therefore, Cleveland Clinic should ensure that its employees and management are able to deal with social diversity.
Business ethics are very important in every organization. Business ethics refer to the good behaviours of the organization and the way the organization treats its stakeholders. The stakeholders in this case include the employees, shareholders, customers, as well as the community.
A health institution is obliged to embrace good ethics since it deals with the lives of people. Health institutions offer very sensitive services and should be very cautious of ethics. Cleveland Clinic has to ensure that it adopts good ethics if it is to succeed in its operations. Business ethics will help the clinic improve its operations, a move that will help it create a good relationship with its customers. This will, in turn, give Cleveland Clinic a competitive edge.
The Arab Spring and Morocco Essay essay help online free
A wave of demonstrations and protests, which is known as the Arab Spring affected a great number of countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, or Syria. They led to the downfall of several autocratic regimes. To some degree, this social upheaval affected Morocco. However, the political regime of this state was able to withstand this turmoil. The article written by Thierry Desrues is aimed at examining the peculiarities of the protest movement in Morocco.
However, this work can also show why the Arab Spring did not undermine the monarchy in Morocco. In this case, one should focus on the attempts of the government to reach some compromise with protesters and the absence of a single alternative to the authoritarian regime. Additionally, it is important to remember that the oppression of protesters diminished the influence of demonstrations.
Finally, this movement was not supported by every member of the community. So, Thierry Desrues’ article can be important for understanding the nature of the political movement in Morocco. This source is also helpful for describing the long-term implications of the Arab Spring for this country. These are main questions that should be discussed more closely.
First of all, the author points out that the political system in Morocco can be described as a hybrid regime. On the one hand, in this country King Mohammed VI can be described as the main decision-maker whose authority cannot be limited or questioned. So, one can say that Morocco has an autocratic government. Such a situation could be observed in other African countries. However, at the same time, this system enables some participation of individuals in the public life of the country.
For instance, in 2005, the policy of reducing poverty was implemented by associative networks (Desrues 413). These local organizations had the authority to decide in which way the financial resources could be used. To a great extent, this policy was helpful for creating an illusion that people could take part in the political life of a country.
So, this is one of the issues that Thierry Desrues wants to explore in this text. It seems that this discussion can throw light on the complexities of the social and political life in this country. This policy helped the government to reduce the tensions within the society.
Furthermore, it is important to mention that the protest movement in this country was represented by very different groups. In particular, one can speak about leftist parties such as Unified Socialist Party, the supporters of student unionism, human rights organizations, Islamists, and many others (Desrues 415). In other words, they did not have a common political agenda. Many of them did not try to overthrow the political regime of the country.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Some of them only wanted to promote the rights of Amazigh people, while others supported the idea of gender equality (Desrues 418). Yet, they were not necessarily opposed to the form of government which emerged in this country. This is one of the reasons why they did not provide a valid alternative to the monarchical rule of King Mohammed VI. Overall, Thierry Desrues is able to identify the reasons why the regime could withstand this upheaval. Such an explanation seems to be quite feasible.
Additionally, the author of this article points out that Mohammed VI was able to respond to the political unrest in this country. Much attention should be paid to the constitutional reform which was carried out right after the protests (Desrues 418). For instance, this reform increased the authority of the parliament in this country. Moreover, these changes in the legislation were supposed to address the concerns of many people. One should pay attention to such problems as the discrimination against Amazigh people or gender inequality (Desrues 418).
It should be mentioned that in Morocco, monarchical rule still exercises strong influence over the legislative and executive power. However, this constitutional reform was perceived as the intention of the state to comply with the demands of the society. To a great extent, Thierry Desrues shows that the representatives of the political regime proved to be more flexible than other authoritarian leaders. This flexibility helped the government to avoid a possible downfall. This is one of the main arguments that can be put forward.
Apart from that, it is important to mention that the opposition to the monarchical rule was partly suppressed through intimidation, home visits, and arrests of people (Desrues 420). This strategy of the government prevented many people from joining demonstrations and protests. Nevertheless, it is important to remember the government did not try to escalate violence against the protestors. Apart from that, there were people who objected to the radical political transformation of Morocco.
They had confrontations with the protesters (Desrues 420). This is another issue that can be singled out. In this article, the author shows various members of the Moroccan society had different views on the development of the government. They did not support the idea of a radical change in the political regime. This detail is important for explaining the peculiarities of the Arab Spring in the country.
Very often, researchers speak about the so-called “Moroccan exception”, when they speak about the impact of political upheavals on this country (Desrues 422). As a rule, this term implies that the Arab Spring did not manifest itself very strongly in Morocco. However, one should not suppose that no goals were achieved. In particular, political activists were able to legitimize social and political change within the country.
This transformation is important for empowering the citizens of Morocco. Furthermore, this outcome can be regarded as a form of success because the Moroccan society was able to avoid such pitfalls as continuous violence or even military conflicts. It is quite possible that the gradual evolution of this society can contribute to the improvements in the lives of people. This is one of the details that should be distinguished.
We will write a custom Essay on The Arab Spring and Morocco specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the whole, the examples which Thierry Desrues provides can explain why the Arab Spring did not result in the overthrow of the monarchical rule in Morocco.
One should consider such factors as the hybrid nature of the political regime in this country; 2) the willingness of the government to make concessions to the public; 3) the absence of a single political agenda; and 4) the actions of the police force and the opposition to protestors. These are the main issues that can be identified. It is possible to say that Thierry Desrues’ article can be helpful for the examination of the political and social transformation in Morocco. This is why it should not be overlooked by the readers.
Works Cited Desrues, Thierry. “Mobilizations in a hybrid regime: The 20th February Movement and the Moroccan regime.” Current Sociology 61.4 (2013): 409-423. Print.
The Self Concept Criterion and Its Significance on International Marketing Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
The Self Concept Criterion and Its Significance on International Marketing Introduction
International marketing refers to the exchange of marketing products and services among various national business environments. Unlike the domestic marketing which involves trading of goods and services within a country and its localities, international marketing takes business to another level where nations are able to feature as participants. However, as the growth of the global economy continues to expand, the understanding of marketing across the global cultures has become increasingly important.
As it would be observed, international marketing is influenced by dynamic environmental forces and factors. Today, cultural issues are among the biggest challenges that have continued to affect the activities of international marketing over the years (Craig
Contextual Urban Design Expository Essay college essay help near me
Introduction Various urban theorists have expressed diverse opinions regarding new urban developments. For instance, Leon Krier and other theorists show the importance of capturing new development within its context. On the other hand, Rem Koolhaas, the controversial Dutch urbanist asserts that the focus should be on discovering a new form of urbanism, which does not conform to orderly city.
In addition, the new type of urbanism should express rare forms with no architectural relation in any way with one another. Rem Koolhaas’ view differs sharply with those of other scholars of urbanism. Today, New Urbanism strives to create efficient residential structures. Thus, usages and management of urban places and spaces have become major areas of architect works.
Urban planning and design must be friendly to humanity. Thus, planning and designing urban places and spaces require wide consultations among different stakeholders. This essay explores how Rem Koolhaas’ view differ with those of Prince Charles based on his New Urbanism concepts.
It also shows Koolhaas’ views and their supports from other architects like Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Will Alsop and others, whose iconoclastic buildings have been widely admired. It also discusses how neo-rationalist ideas can be a model for modern urbanist thinking and re-invigorate contemporary urban design with reference from neo-rationalist and traditional design approaches.
Prince Charles’ views Prince Charles’ thoughts on architecture and urban planning focus on inner-city renewal, architecture, the quality of life, and the environment. Prince Charles has been an active proponent of neo-traditional concepts in modern urbanism. He shares these views with theorists like Leon Krier and Christopher Alexander. Charles has criticised some elements of contemporary architecture in Britain.
The Prince has stressed his views of neo-traditional urbanism, the need to account for humanity in designs, and the restoration of historic structures. This would reflect combined aspects of new buildings and sustainable design. Prince Charles’ Poundbury shows neo-traditional urbanism. The design is a captivating urban space with unique aspects in the Dorchester village.
Some of the notable features of Poundbury are open spaces, balanced developments of shopping areas, public spaces, and housing. It reflects the concept of New Urbanism in planning, which proponents tout as an ideal principle of good urban design. Proponents of New Urbanism claim that the approach can lessen traffic jams, control suburban developments, and enhance supply of affordable housing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The major elements of the New Urbanism are preservation of the historic buildings, developing green buildings, and safe streets. Prince Charles has been keen on propagating his views of urban design. The Prince’s ideas show that cities and buildings should not discard human traditions, but rather they should reflect aspects of continuity in human developments (Prince Charles, 1989).
Hence, there is a need to reclaim human traditions and integrate a sense of continuity and traditions in buildings. Overall, cities and buildings must also reflect changes in economies and technologies. On the other hand, Rem Koolhaas’ views differ from those of Prince Charles in urban planning and development.
Koolhaas believes that the context of urban planning and development should not bear resemblance in architectural relations (Koolhaas, 2004). He also notes that cities should not be orderly places, but rather have unique forms of architectural designs. From Prince Charles’ views, Koolhaas’ ideas would mess up many towns. In other words, there would be no order in cities, several sprawling settlements with shopping malls in outskirts of cities (Duany, Plater-Zyberk and Speck, 2010).
There would be too many anonymous buildings almost in every location. Generally, Koolhaas’ ideas would result in the worst forms of city planning and development. Such an environment would increase city congestion. Koolhaas’ concepts of urban design could also result in degraded cities, which could create unsustainable cities. Such cities have added risks of deteriorating soon before their lifetime.
Prince Charles prefers a mixed-use urban planning in which there are income districts, enough space for everyone, and cities with businesses and everyday experiences of life. The Prince wants to create urban developments in which people can experience living. Moreover, he would like architectural works to reflect local traditions, crafts, and identities.
Supports for Koolhaas’ concepts Other urban architects like Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Will Alsop and others have supported views of Koolhaas. These urbanists have created greatly admired iconoclastic buildings. This group of urbanists belongs to deconstructivism school of thought. They express independent and stylistic contexts of urban developments in the post-modern period.
Some critics believe that Gehry’s modernism is a new form of eccentric but ‘serious’ architecture (Sebestyen and Pollington, 2003). However, they have also noted that this form of modernism did not resonate well with the public, particularly when used on a large-scale. As a result, many design establishments did not adopt it. The design displayed cold, concrete, glass, and steel, which alienated users.
We will write a custom Essay on Contextual Urban Design specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many critics concluded that such buildings were not user-friendly. Conversely, Prince Charles’ views supported historical references and planned buildings, which accounted for humanity and experiences. Koolhaas has developed some unorthodox spaces, which include complex forms of architectural designs. These designs are challenging and strenuous to most users.
For instance, Koolhaas designed the SoHo in Manhattan. The structure has a massive area that resembles a crater. Shoppers must take several fickle stairs in order to reach the crater. This has not been easy for many users. Daniel Libeskind has strived to expand some elements of architecture. He believes that buildings should reflect cultural contexts.
As a result, some of Libeskind’s designs strive to show the vision of people, visitors, and others who use them. In this regard, Libeskind aims to incorporate a wide scope of features like nature, technology, arts, and cultures in his urban designs. On the same note, Will Alsop’s designs also have unique colour and unconventional forms. These iconoclastic buildings presented unique features to users.
In fact, some critics claim that perhaps designers try to show daily life experiences with unusual designs. However, these designers fail to achieve the real purposes of their buildings because they only manage to alienate users of such buildings. Hence, designers of these unique urban buildings have failed to capture the essence of buildings and their purposes.
Overall, these designers believe that their complex buildings have various purposes and must reflect post-modern approaches to designs in order to enhance renewal of cities. Koolhaas has been able to accomplish much in the past because of developments in design technologies. These tools have allowed him to create such complex designs.
Construction firms and fabricators can then assemble and build different parts required in modern designs. The works of Zaha Hadid also fall under these complex designers, which support Koolhaas’ views on urban designs. Hadid has perfected the use of computer technologies to design complex structures like MAXXI museum in Rome and others in Germany.
Other critics noted that postmodernism has been deteriorating while modernism was out of order. At this point, Koolhaas’ theory presented unified concept to architecture. Koolhaas aimed to challenge the concept of both post modernism and postmodernism by using abstruse concepts.
Koolhaas’ views incorporated several elements of designs, which contributed to the design complexities (Croisé, 1996). Urbanists wanted to retain both old elements and incorporate several cultures in their works. According to Koolhaas, changes in cultures of the city and the slow pace of design normally result in discrepancy of the architectural project.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Contextual Urban Design by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some critics believe that deconstructivist urban structures may be eccentric and not user-friendly. However, the best designs reflect complex and seriousness of the designers. Such building could be unusual in forms because the designers wanted them to reflect unique features. However, users may find it difficult to accept that designers use architectural developments to express their iconic desires.
As a result, some have rejected the extravagance of some designers, who distort functions and create buildings with some ‘useless’ elements and details. Koolhaas notes that some of their structures meet the basic requirements of a building completely. However, he regrets that many users soon forget the concept of functionalism in their structures.
Changes and enlightenment have shaped modernism. However, these are unstable concepts, which designers must incorporate in their works. As a result, they may capture contemporary architecture in the period of globalisation. However, designers may fail to capture all concepts and portray various conditions under which people live.
Designers must perceive architectural developments as a way of capturing various needs of humanity and the use of urban spaces. Thus, this process requires gathering insights of factors that hold urban fabrics. A designer must work with various scales and articulate the use of public places and spaces in their architectural designs. In addition, they must include unique local contexts and other best qualities found in their areas of work.
How neo-rationalist ideas can serve as a model for contemporary urbanist thinking
Neo-rationalists believe that architecture should be autonomous and must redefine itself based on types and rules with regard to all its aspects. Neo-rationalism rejects the idea that technologies may replace architecture. Moreover, it shows the need to integrate cultural and social aspects of urban buildings in designs. It also shows that historical elements can act as rich sources of references designs.
Leon Krier has promoted neo-rationalist ideas by focusing on traditional urbanism and classical architecture. He emphasises the importance of using urban space effectively in design and planning (Krier, 1979). Neo-rationalist represents a form of postmodernism that focused on declining traditions of the 19th century. Contemporary urbanist thinkers must note that neo-rationalist rose due to several changes that took place in urban centres in the 20th century.
Designers noted that urban places and spaces experienced commercial pressure. As a result, there was a need for modern approaches to building and urban context designs. Contemporary urbanist thinkers must note that designers like Aldo Rossi, who championed postmodernism, concentrated on traditional European urban centres and rejected the modern functionalist ideas (Rossi, 1982).
In this sense, neo-rationalism was an approach that aimed to preserve European cities by incorporating elements of modernism in the developed structures. The major challenge to New Urbanism and other post modernism ideas were effective curricula that could integrate all the scopes of the entire city. Modernism ideas started a way of responding to increased demands for private housing with regard to urban planning and use of space.
Changes in the usage of urban places and spaces led to poor planning in most European cities. Contemporary urban thinkers should borrow concepts from Rossi’s views about city planning. In this context, contemporary urban thinkers must note that they cannot develop cities by simply adding other elements. Instead, they must show interrelationship among all elements within a city.
They must also recognise that urban architectural designs have dominated city structures. However, such designs should reflect interrelation and functional elements of cities and any changes that take place in urban environments. For instance, fires may burn down a section of a city and people may modify their structures. Thus, city monuments and other public spaces may have the permanence, which residential buildings may not have.
Thus, architects should capture such ideas in public structures and monuments. While these building designs may change over time, the public features may persist and acquire new directions. City characteristics and characteristics in urban places and space are important part of architectural designs (Trancik, 1986). Neo-rationalists emphasised the importance of typology in urban planning and architectural works.
Thus, modern urbanist should identify common characteristics and features, which are common in urban centres based on the interrelationships with various elements like theoretical concepts like New Urbanism or traditional concepts, formality, and nature of the development.
The concept of city typology supports the idea of creating patterns from individual characteristics found in cities. Patterns would then create large details for architects. In North America, there are common typologies in residential areas, which have similar patterns and characteristics. For instance, suburban areas have wide streets, with neat lawns and beautiful trees and shrubs.
These typologies are common in urban areas or the ‘leafy suburbs’. New Urbanism has recognised the importance of typology in urban design and buildings. New Urbanists assert that designers should integrate physical elements of a place in their designers. This must also account for local preferences and historical aspects of the place.
Contemporary urban thinkers should maintain hierarchy of patterns found in the neo-rationalism approaches. In fact, they must concentrate on establishing the right typology of urban places. New Urbanism also noted the importance of affordability in city designs. Thus, there should be various types of housing to cater for needs of different communities in cities. Architect designs and planning must meet these requirements (Katz, 1993).
Re-invigorate contemporary urban design Contemporary architects must restore and re-invigorate urban design and planning. This idea comes from a movement that started in the middle of 19th century due to disorder in urban spaces and places that resulted from industrialisation. Re-invigorating modern urban designs must include urban renewal, which should adapt to current urban places and spaces in order to reduce the decline they have experienced (Milroy, 2006).
Today, designers and planners talk of sustainable developments to represent all aspects of designing and planning in the use of urban spaces and places. City planners and designers have provided guidelines that can aid and improve designs and planning (Moughtin, 2003). They take particular interests in usages of spaces and places in urban centres (CABE, 2000).
Re-invigorating contemporary cities should entail rearrangement of urban spaces, public areas, enhancing visual appeal, and improving functionality of the city. Traditionally, urban design has focused on urban setups, architecture, and some elements of landscape urbanism. Today, contemporary urbanists should entail aspects of traditional designs and understand other critical factors like urban economics, real estate development, and political, economic, and socials factors on a place.
Ali Madanipour has recognised the importance of urban design and its impacts on urban space. He argues that architect should understand the relationships between urban design and everyday life of users (Madanipour, 1996).
In the case of Baltimore re-invigoration, urban designers wanted to address social challenges. The designer aimed to create a city that could attract investors and ensure effective use of city resources. At the same time, it focused on tackling the problem of housing by addressing the shifting demographics through different types of housing.
Figure 1: Park Heights Redevelopment, Baltimore
The major challenge has been the use of public spaces due to overlapping responsibilities of residents, city authorities, and development agencies. These stakeholders may have competing interests on the use of public spaces and places. As a result, architects must consult widely in order to capture the visual appeal, structures, and management of public places (Deasy, 1990).
This can enhance functionality and create user-friendly designs in public spaces. In most cases, urban designers fail to exploit the artistic freedom that architecture provides. Madanipour observes the process of urban design is complex and wide in scope and may confuse architects (Madanipour, 1996).
Moreover, they also need interdisciplinary knowledge in diverse fields, which relate to architecture, land use, and urban planning. Overall, urban designers should account for use of public spaces, places, elements of nature, and historical features of an urban centre in their designs (McHarg, 1995).
Figure 2: Contemporary city depicting the use of public spaces and places
Figure 3: Modern urban design and planning
Conclusion Architecture, in its right context, should reflect relationships between structures in a given place. One must consider a single architectural structure as a part of a whole city. This is the idea of Prince Charles in his New Urbanism views. Contemporary architects must focus on designing and developing spaces and places, which are user-friendly and enrich users’ lives.
This is the main concept of architecture. In fact, contemporary urbanists should ensure that their creations engage users in dialogue with historical aspects of a place and beliefs. However, one must admit that several cities around the US and Europe are hostile to users. Contemporary architects have renewed interests in restoring the glory of cities and enhancing the quality of living.
Thus, cities would be good places and spaces, which are suitable for residential purposes and spending time. New Urbanism promises ‘world cities’ with quality architectural structures for mixed usages, which consist of residential areas, work neighbourhoods, plazas, shopping centres, water fountains, city parks, historical elements, space streets, and visual surprises.
Contemporary cities should have such places to enhance urban stay and quality of life. New Urbanism aims to re-invigorate public realm and restore deteriorated cities because of urbanisation and automobile. New urbanists may not realise their dreams from designs alone. Thus, it requires involvement of several stakeholders to determine usages and maintenance of public places and spaces.
Reference List CABE 2000, By Design, Urban Design in the Planning System: Towards Better Practice, Thomas Telford, London.
Croisé, E 1996, Euralille:The Making of a New City Centre, Birkhäuser, Boston.
Deasy, C 1990, Designing Places for People: A Handbook on Human Behavior for Architects, Designers and Facility Managers, Watson-Guptill, New York.
Duany , A, Plater-Zyberk, E and Speck, J 2010, Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream, North Point Press, New York.
Katz, P 1993, The New Urbanism – Towards an Architecture of Community, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Koolhaas, R 2004, Content, Taschen, Cologne.
Krier, R 1979, Urban Space, Rizzoli International Publications, New York.
Madanipour, A 1996, Design of Urban Space – An Enquiry into a Socio-spatial Process, Wiley, New York.
McHarg, I 1995, Design with Nature, Wiley, New York.
Milroy, B 2006, Thinking Planning and Urbanism, UBC Press, Toronto.
Moughtin, C 2003, Urban design: Street and square, 3rd edn, Elsevier, New York.
Prince Charles, H 1989, A Vision of Britain: A Personal View of Architecture, Doubleday, New York.
Rossi, A 1982, The Architecture of the City, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Sebestyen, G and Pollington, C 2003, New Architecture, Architectural Press, Oxford.
Trancik, R 1986, Finding Lost Space – Theories of Urban Design, John Wiley
Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment Research Paper essay help site:edu: essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Description of the Disorder
How the Disorder Develops
Studies on the Disorder
Review of Treatment Options
Success of Treatment
Description of the Disorder Schizophrenia is a severe condition of mind that has symptoms such as poor contact with reality, peculiar behavior, unsystematic speech and thinking, low expression of emotions, and social withdrawal. Although victims of the disorder may not manifest all these symptoms, they have an indication of some of them. Schizophrenia means a ‘split mind’.
It is worth noting that schizophrenia doe not result in split personality. Rather, it greatly alters the functioning of the mind. Victims of this personality disorder do not depict double personality. In fact, they may depict some characteristics that are close to those of a mad person (Lemma, 1996). Sometimes, people mistake schizophrenia to insanity.
The disease debilitates the lives of victims. Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 758) assert that people who suffer from schizophrenia have difficulties in distinguishing what is real and what is unreal in life, what is logical and illogical, and what is appropriate and inappropriate. Out of these effects, victims are not able to work well.
They cannot be in good relationships with others, go to school, and/or take good care of others. The victims are prone to committing suicide. They are also likely to be hospitalized due to personal inflicted injuries and suicidal thoughts. According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), there is no cure for the schizophrenia.
Therefore, victims experience the disorder for the rest of their life. Treatment is done after a doctor’s interview with the victim. However, treatment only suppresses the symptoms in an effort to enable victims’ to live better lives. This paper seeks to discuss schizophrenia as a personality disorder.
How the Disorder Develops According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), schizophrenia begins to develop in the early adulthood years of the victim from the age of 15 to 30 years. It is only in very few instances that the disease develops later in life. The initial development of the condition is slow. However, as the victim grows older, the condition develops faster. Victims normally experience a variation of the symptoms over time.
Researches indicate that the symptoms may become lesser in later years of the victim. It has also been found that 25% of the victims of schizophrenia become symptom-free later in their lives. Such symptoms of schizophrenia include delusion, hallucinations, uncanny conduct, disorganized communication and thinking, and social withdrawal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Out of these symptoms, the victim develops uncontrolled movement. However, Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 757) observe that the victims do not appreciate that their minds are disrupted. When they depict hallucination symptoms, they have false beliefs in their minds. For example, a victim may believe that he or she is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces in his or her country thus beginning to behave like a person with such a position.
In other instances, victims may believe that other people are spying on them, or that other people within their surrounding can ‘hear’ what they are thinking about in any given time. Therefore, the victim may feel insecure or begin to hide or sometimes turn violent to his or her neighbors. Such individuals may also believe that the police are looking for them, or an aircraft that flies around them is looking for them.
In some cases, getting them to the doctors proves difficult since they may believe that doctors want to treat them of a disease that they are not suffering from. Hallucination is normally characterized by false sensory perceptions. Victims experience various symptoms. For example, Van Dyke (2013, p. 51) asserts that victims smell, see, and touch unrealistic things.
When they experience auditory hallucinations, they hear sounds that do not exist in reality. Researches indicate that such voices may include the voice of a known or unknown person ordering the victim to behave in a certain way or to do something (Lilienfeld et al. 2010). The voice may also be of certain people who talk about the victim, hence annoying him or her.
According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), bizarre behaviors as symptoms of schizophrenia include characteristics such as victims talking to themselves, laughing suddenly for no apparent reason, walking backwards instantly, masturbating in public, or even making funny faces in public. They may maintain a particular bizarre act for long hours without an end. In some cases, the victim may just keep on moving without a sense of direction, or keep on jumping for no reason.
When schizophrenic patients experience disorganized thinking and speech, it is easy to identify them. These affected people talk in nonsensical ways, utter confused words, and have confused thoughts. For example, when talking or discussing with others, they mix various ideas and topics. In other instances, the speech may go low since the mind also works slowly.
For example, they use very few words and talk very slowly. Others decide to keep quiet even when they are expected to say something. In some instances, they may keep quiet at the middle of a conversation thus leaving the other people perplexed. Another symptom of schizophrenia is social withdrawal. The victims may act in ways that suggest that other people do not exist at all.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In some cases, the victim ignores the decision or the wellbeing of other people completely. In fact, he or she may act as if he or she is just alone in the world. Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 759) argue that, in extreme cases, schizophrenic people may completely avoid others. Sometimes, the victims may have blank facial expressions hence making it difficult to know what they are thinking.
They do not send any signals both verbally and nonverbally. Others will just avoid eye contact with other people. For example, the victim may immediately look down or sideways whenever one looks at them straight through their eyes.
Studies on the Disorder Researches indicate that approximately 1% of the people who exist in the world experience schizophrenia at certain points of their lives. In addition, researches also indicate that roughly 1.8 million people who live in the United States suffer from schizophrenia. The presence of schizophrenia cuts across cultures, age, and sex. Women have less severe experiences of symptoms, hence recording lesser hospitalization cases and better social life in relation to men.
Cases of schizophrenia are not very specific. In fact, researches indicate that the disorder is caused by various factors. Scientists believe that schizophrenia is caused by genetic factors, structural brain abnormalities, chemical imbalance in the brain, and prenatal development abnormality resulting from the environment (Lemma, 1996).
In addition to people who are predisposed to schizophrenia, experience of stressful life may result in the development of the psychological disorder (Lilienfeld et al. 2010). Researches on genetic factors indicate that genes that are inherited from parents may predispose someone to the condition. For example, studies reveal that, the more closely that an individual is related to a person with the condition, the more likely he or she is to have the condition.
According to Van Dyke (2013, 51) studies show that children of a schizophrenia victim have up to 13% likelihood of contracting the disease. Children from parents suffering from schizophrenia have approximately 46% chances of developing the condition. However, those in the ordinary society have 1% likelihood of developing schizophrenia.
Other researches point out that chemical imbalance in the brain neurotransmitters may also result in the condition. The neurotransmitters enable brain cells to communicate. When there are excess activities of dopamine in certain areas of the brain, the condition develops. Amphetamines increases dopamine activity thus making psychotic symptoms in victims of schizophrenia.
Serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter, also exacerbates the schizophrenic condition in the victim. Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 757) affirm that the use of brain imaging, for example magnetic resonance and positron-emission tomography, indicates structural abnormalities in the brains of victims, for instance, having larger brain ventricles, small volumes of the brain tissue, low activities of the brain lobe that controls judgment, planning, and thought.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Schizophrenia: Description, Development and Treatment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In prenatal environmental causes, pregnant women who are exposed to the influenza virus are likely to have a baby who will develop schizophrenia. Delivery of children with forceps increases the chances of children getting schizophrenia.
Review of Treatment Options Although no cure for schizophrenia has been realized, treatment of the condition through medication, treatment of the symptoms and problems that victims go through, and rehabilitation enables them to live a better life. Medical treatment of schizophrenia use antipsychotic drugs.
According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 51), antipsychotic drugs that have been adapted include resperidone, olanzapine, clozapine, quetiaphine, haloperidol, thioridazine, fluphenazine, trifuoperazine, and chlorpromazine. The medication is taken for the rest of the victim’s life to control the symptoms. However, Richard and Brahm (2012, p. 757) argue that medication may not treat other symptoms of the condition such as withdrawal from social life and apathy.
Sometimes, it can cause muscle spasms, terdive dyskinesia, and cramps. Fatal conditions such as agranulocytosis may also result. Psychological and social rehabilitation has also worked in checking schizophrenia. This strategy also teaches them self-care skills such as personal hygiene, nutrition, and financial management.
Cognitive behavioral therapy, which is a type of psychotherapy, enables that victim to reduce hallucinations, social withdrawal, and delusion. Family members also come in to understand and monitor that victims take medication by monitoring their symptoms. Associated problems such as substance abuse, for instance drug abuse, are also treatable. Diseases such as hepatitis B and C, and HIV among others can be managed through medication.
Success of Treatment Treatment of schizophrenic victims has been successful especial with antipsychotic drugs. However, up to date, there is no cure for schizophrenia. Patients of the condition have to take medication for the rest of their lives. According to Van Dyke (2013, p. 56), combination of medication and therapy helps patients to live better and comfortable lives. However, medication has side effects. Management of such side effect has enabled victims to have a healthy life.
Conclusion Schizophrenia is a mental condition that has no cure. It affects a big percentage of people. A victim that I have witnessed depicted various symptoms such as hallucination and delusion. The victim has been treated by the use of antipsychotic drugs and therapy. However, he has depicted side effects, for instance constipation due to medication and weight gain. The use of antipsychotic drugs reduced the symptoms by 80-90% on the patient.
Reference List Lemma, A. (1996). Introduction to Pscychopathology. London, Sage Publications.
Lilienfeld, S. et al. (2010). Psychology: A Framework for Everyday Thinking. London: Pearson Publishers.
E-business for Pete Moss Proposal college essay help near me: college essay help near me
E-business is the most appropriate strategy for Pete Moss. The strategy will enable the entrepreneur to increase profits and improve customer service. It is highly recommended for the man due to the nature of the business he runs.
Based on the nature of the business, it is evident that Pete does not offer physical products, which may require the presence of a physical business premises. Tax preparation is a service that can be done online without difficulties. In this case, Pete should consider moving his business to the online world where customer interaction will be enhanced.
Recommendation of E-business as a strategy is also based on Pete’s lifestyle. As indicated in the case, Pete has a busy social life and therefore can only work five days a week. The entrepreneur also spends his weekends skiing. The other reason is that the customer traffic for the business is very unpredictable since most of the clients visit the office on a random pattern.
Therefore, the company has to incur idle time since the employees are forced to wait for the customers in the office. The other issue that causes idleness among the employees is that all the clients come to the office with the processed data.
Pete’s decision to charge fixed prices to the clients also qualifies the business to operate online. The fixed pricing method is very effective in E-business where customers are guided by the pricing strategy and the quality of services offered by the business. It will also be very effective in the management of online business.
So, the customers will enjoy the reduced expenses in upfront costs that are associated with processing the tax returns. The approach will enable Pete to achieve repeat purchases from brand loyal clients and attract new customers in the market.
To expand the business at a very low cost, Pete should consider E-business as the most appropriate strategy. This business type will allow him to increase the number of client visits from 3 per week as indicated in the case to 5 per week. For instance, reasoning from the information provided by the marketing research firm, Pete will achieve an average client visit rate of 3.75 per week. This implies that to achieve an average of 3.75 visits, the highest figure can be five while the lowest figure can be three.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The figures are very reliable because the research company used the Poisson distribution method to determine the frequency of customer visits. From these results, it is evident that Pete has a great opportunity to increase the traffic. E-business will guarantee the operation of 7 days per week compared to 5 days per week.
Increased customer visits will translate to high traffic and profits to the organization. For example, initially Pete had 3 arrivals weekly where each client paid a fixed fee of $ 550, which leads to $ 1650 of revenues. With the implementation of E-business, the rate of arrivals will be 3.75 per week while the customers will pay the same amount of $ 550 per one individual.
This leads to $ 2062.5 in revenues. From the calculations, it is therefore evident that Pete will not only increase the number of customer visits, but also enlarges the revenue earnings from the business. Pete will enjoy the growth in revenue of $ 412.5, which translates to 25% increase in revenue.
In addition, Pete will reduce the cost of operation since he may not require the assistance of senior and junior accountants. The business will also cut expenses associated with the cost of labor, the cost of rent, power, and overhead expenses incurred in the operation of the business. The approach will enable the organization to enhance efficiency as well as allow Pete to pursue other needs in life.
One should consider that tax return process requires online operations for the success of the business. The process involves data entry and management appropriate for online transactions. From the case, all the processes can be done online with no need in a physical office.
For instance, initial meeting with a client, which takes approximately 3 hours, can be done online when the client has presented the data. To achieve this, Pete should organize the website to enhance customer interaction. This can include the automatic response system that does not require the presence of Pete for routine operations.
The data review, which is the next process in the system, can also be done automatically by developing effective software. The software will replace the need of a junior accountant. The review process should also be automated to make it possible for Pete to multitask on the related activities of the business.
We will write a custom Proposal on E-business for Pete Moss specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The next process is the input of data into the computer. This stage may require Pete to hire one junior accountant. However, the workload will be greatly reduced and the accountant can be encouraged to do the job on a part-time basis. Pete will only be required to review the initial output. The presence of the review software will also allow Pete to reduce his own workload and pay attention to other customers visiting the business.
Moreover, the automated system can check the missing forms. To facilitate this process, Pete should ensure that all the tax codes are filled in every form. Using appropriate formulas, the system should also enable Pete to review the relevant tax codes in a given order.
Meeting the client after the data review is the key stage in the business that will require the presence of the entrepreneur. Thus, Pete should meet the customer and perform the final analysis to ensure that data is free from errors. This is one of the activities in the business that will necessitate the online presence of the man.
Such tools like Skype and other video enabled communication devices may be used to enhance customer experience. These tools can let Pete attend to different meetings connected to the customers’ needs and handle all the queries raised by them. The process is also important for Pete to predict consumer behavior and identify new business opportunities that can be applied for further improvement of the performance in the organization.
E-business will benefit both the customers and the entrepreneur. Pete will not only reduce the number of accountants to one, but also improve on the quality of the services offered. The process description of the business activities reveals that Pete may only require the assistance of one accountant.
Moreover, the accountant will only work on a part-time basis, which will enable Pete to reduce the labor costs while at the same time improve labor productivity. However, the involvement of the junior accountant in the business can be eliminated if Pete decides to adopt an effective automated system with reliable software. The software will perform all activities such as data entry and checking the missing forms in the system.
Pete should also consider E-business in order to balance his personal life with the needs of the business. For example, the adoption of E-business will only require Pete to perform one important activity in the process description. The rest of the activities in the process can be performed by the software. On the other hand, Pete only meets the clients during the final review process. This strategy will let the entrepreneur meet other needs in life.
The initial capital required for the strategy will be $ 2000, which will be spent in building the website for the business. A comparison of the initial capital and the expected revenues indicates that the strategy is not only profitable, but also very sustainable. For instance, from the revenue calculations, Pete will earn $ 2062.5 per week. This means that the entrepreneur can recover the initial capital within one week.
Not sure if you can write a paper on E-business for Pete Moss by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More E-business fosters convenience to the entrepreneur and to the customers of the business. In this case, the customers will perform their transactions from their premises. This will make it possible for the clients to reduce the cost of travelling and the time consumed.
The approach will also allow the organization to reduce the expense resulting from order processing cost and response to customer requirements. The clients of the business will get enough time to evaluate the services provided by the organization and make informed decisions. The customers will also shorten the time spent in processing the transactions.
The proper error detection is another key advantage that will enable the business to improve the quality of services and enhance customer satisfaction. For example, in this case, proper coding of the tax forms will facilitate the operations of the system. E-business will also result in improving on the presentation of the services offered to the customers.
Thus, a well designed website with high quality graphics will convey a positive image to the consumers and also develops the brand preference. The approach will make Pete attract more customers to the site and reduce the cost of advertisement.
The access to information is a vital element in online marketing because it betters customer awareness on different brands in the market. The strategy will therefore enable the customers to access adequate data on the services offered by the business.
Online business tools such as search engines and product catalogs will provide reliable information to the clients. In addition, E-business will get a valuable opportunity for the organization to expand in other markets. Pete’s business will attract different consumers from different regions with various needs.
Expansion into new markets makes it possible for the organization to increase its revenues and profits. Based on the advantages of E-business, Pete should therefore consider this approach as the best advice. The strategy will not only enable the entrepreneur to improve the performance of the business, but also achieve a desired balance between the social needs of life and the business requirements. To this end, Pete will run a successful business and achieve all the requirements on the social aspect of life.
Management Practices in the Navy Exploratory Essay cheap essay help
Table of Contents Planning
The Navy is one of the arms of the armed forces charged with protecting national interests against external aggression. Militaries worldwide are known for their rigid and strict management structures. This purpose of the strictness is to ensure that all members of the forces observe discipline. This paper reviews how the Navy handles planning, leading, organizing, staffing, and controlling functions.
Planning In management terms, planning refers to the activities undertaken to determine priorities and to allocate resources. Apart from the well-known military leadership style, management scholars also recognize the contribution of the military to the discipline of strategic planning.
Strategic planning arose when militaries found it necessary to develop long-term plans for prolonged military campaigns. In the Navy, several types of plans exist depending on the level of command handling it. Decisions to go to war or to carry out aggressive or defensive maneuvers are made centrally at the highest level of military command.
The approval to go to war is only the first step for military planners. At the high command, military strategists develop engagement options and determine the level of troop deployments needed for specific campaigns. These decisions are then communicated down the ranks for implementation.
The nature of the work of the Navy makes it impossible to use consultative decision-making models. Once the high command issues orders, the lower level officers have no option but to implement the orders. At the unit level, unit commanders have the duty of making tactical plans to achieve the overall aims of a specific military exercise. They make decisions based on the prevailing circumstances to ensure that the soldiers under them fulfill the commands of the superiors.
At the level of the individual soldier, planning is essentially a matter of personal management to ensure readiness for service whenever called upon. Unit commanders may consult with soldiers before issuing orders, just like the high command usually consults with unit commanders before decisions are made, but never after orders are issued.
Leading While the debate on the difference between management and leadership rages on, it is clear that the military needs leadership as much as it needs management. Leadership usually involves skills like defining a vision, motivating followers, and acquiring resources to meet the demands of the vision. In this regard, the Navy has a formalized leadership structure.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The organizational structure of the Navy is hierarchical. Everyone reports to his or her immediate superior all the way to the top commanders. Top commanders usually do the casting of vision in the Navy. Top commanders usually outline the objectives of a military exercise in addresses to troops. This allows all soldiers along the ranks to understand the purpose of any commands that they receive from the high command.
In addition, it prepares the troops psychologically to participate in the exercise. Soldiers need motivation to ensure that their morale remains high during wars. Morale plays a key role in the operations of the Navy. In this regard, it is normal for senior officers to visit troops who are due for deployment to motivate them. In situations of widespread war, the top Navy commanders regularly visit troops who are due for deployment to motivate them.
The third aspect of leadership in the military is maintaining discipline. No military outfit can exist as a functional unit without discipline. Enforcement of discipline is devolved down the ranks, with superior officers taking charge of disciplinary issues affecting their immediate charges. In severe cases, soldiers face a court-martial if their activities break the military code of service.
Organizing Organization is a very complex aspect of the management of the Navy. The Navy originally fought only in the water on battleships. Battleships are still a central part of the Navy’s arsenal but the arsenal is now much larger. In fact, the Navy is capable of fighting a full battle without any support from the Army or the Air Force. The Navy has airbases, aircraft carriers, and barracks on the mainland.
The introduction of airplanes to naval warfare arose from the flexibility that planes added to the strategic efforts of battleships. It was easy to send a plane ahead to scout for enemy ships in order to plan an attack. The planes also served as bombers because they could drop bombs on enemy ships with a high degree of accuracy and speed, but will very low casualties.
It takes considerable effort to organize a war effort. Whole industries exist to supply the Navy with the provisions needed to be ready for war at all times. These provisions include armament, and allied equipment. It also includes items such as food, medical supplies, and naval fatigues, among others. The Navy has very many professionals in its ranks.
These professionals include logisticians and statisticians, as well as project management professionals. They form a very important component of naval organization because they ensure that all supplies reach the Navy in time to keep the entire fighting force ready for war.
We will write a custom Essay on Management Practices in the Navy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The organization of the soldiers follows the chain of command. High-level commanders issue orders and the officers down the ranks implement the orders. Each officer plans and organizes his unit by acquiring the supplies needed to execute the orders from the top commanders.
Staffing Staffing in the Navy is a very critical aspect of its existence. Luckily, the supply of potential candidates always outstrips the demand for them, except during wartime. The last time that there was a huge demand for naval officers was during the Second World War. Since then, it has been possible to join the Navy and later retire without seeing combat. The Navy uses a very strict recruitment process to hire soldiers and other officers.
The Navy receives written requests from interested persons who want to join military service. The recruitment officers then determine which of the candidates that have applied meet the minimum standards for recruitment. It then invites them for a series of evaluations that culminates in recruitment. The stages include a recruitment test, an interview, medical tests, and fitness tests.
These tests ensure that a new recruit has numeracy and literacy skills as well as the physical profile needed for effective service in the Navy. In recent years, it has become necessary to carry out security screening of recruits because of the increased terror activities in the world. The background checks help to deter terrorists from becoming naval officers in disguise.
The process described above covers the recruitment of soldiers. However, the Navy needs a wide range of [professional such as doctors, engineers, and logisticians. The Navy recruits some of these professionals after they have acquired the professional qualifications, and it trains some of them internally. The basic recruitment requirements usually apply with some variations to account for the time spent in other careers.
Controlling Control is a very critical aspect of management because it ensures that an organization remains in good shape to operate. The main function of control in an organization is to enforce the prudent use of resources. In the Navy, resources that require strict controls include time, armament, soldiers, among others. The control of arms that are in the custody of the Navy is very critical to ensure that all soldiers have the weapons they need, whenever a need arises.
The control of the availability and use of weapons also ensures that the weapons do not fall into the wrong hands. Time is a very precious resource within the Navy and in all fighting groups. The ability to deploy rapidly can mean the difference between averting an enemy attack, and losing a battle. The Navy, as well as other armed forces, has strict time management standards.
The control of soldiers is also a very crucial aspect of management in the Navy. A fighting unit is a group. This makes it susceptible to the negative effects of group dynamics. Therefore, naval officers take time to ensure that soldiers under their charge are disciplined and ready to take orders at all times. The control methods used include placing restrictions on travel, social activities, and general conduct of soldiers both within naval facilities and within the wider community.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Management Practices in the Navy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion The Navy is a very good example of the military leadership style. The cardinal value of military management is efficiency. The five functions of management reviewed in this paper shows that the Navy uses its resources to ensure that it is ready as a unit to respond to any demand for its services.
Reference List Flannes, S.,
Differences in Processing of Information Between the Young and Elderly People Compare and Contrast Essay essay help free: essay help free
Table of Contents Academic Overview
Differences in Processing Information
Statement Evaluation and Inhibition
Academic Overview In order to attain academic success, it is important to understand how the human brain processes and stores information. In addition, it is important to determine whether the old and young people process information in the same way. In this regard, it is hypothesized that young people and the old ones process information differently. This paper will compare the differences in processing of information between the young and elderly people.
Differences in Processing Information In a human brain, information is only processed after storage (Izquierdo, 1998). The information is stored in two main memories which include long-term and short-term memories. Short-term memory stores information for a short period implying that a person can lose that information easily. On the other hand, long-term memory stores information for a considerably long time. Information is maintained in the long-term memory by the structure of some unique proteins which become depleted as age advances (Izquierdo, 1998).
This implies that a young person’s brain has a lot of proteins which store information in the long-term memory. On the contrary, old people have fewer proteins than the young ones. As a result, a young person has a higher capacity to store information in the long-term memory than an old individual. This implies that an old person stores much information in the short-term memory while little information is stored in the long-term memory.
As a result, the elderly person retains very little information in the long-term memory. This accounts for the memory lapses that occur in the mind of old people while the young ones experience few cases of memory lapses. Therefore, it is evident that young students are better learners than old student. In fact, it is hypothesized that people attending school when they are your excel academically. On the other hand, the ones attending school during their old age experience a lot of academic difficulties.
Statement Evaluation and Inhibition In regard to the statement, it focuses on the changes that occur in the brain. It means that the brain reduces its effectiveness as time progresses due to biological depletion of brain cells. The reduction in effectiveness of the brain could be portrayed by evaluating inhibition. Inhibition is the capability of the brain to ignore stimuli which are irrelevant to the task. For example, a hornbill’s noise is irrelevant to solving a sum in class.
Inhibition enables the brain to memorize important information (Mangun, 2013). When a person stores unrelated information in the memory, it causes confusion in the brain owing to storage of incompatible codes. This confusion causes difficulties when a person is processing information (Mangun, 2013).
In this regard, inhibition helps the person to ignore irrelevant stimuli in order to store and process important information only. As a result, the person retains a lot of information in the brain leading to better memory (Mangun, 2013). The level of inhibition in young people is higher than the old ones (Mangun, 2013).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Face Recognition Obermeyer et al. (2012) conducted a research regarding the relationship between face recognition and age. He conducted the research to investigate whether the ability to recognize faces is affected by age.
In this light, he realized that old people’s ability to recognize the face of a person is not affected by vertical and horizontal orientations (Obermeyer et al., 2012). On the other hand, the author contended that young people recognize faces that are oriented horizontally in a better manner than the ones which are oriented vertically (Obermeyer et al., 2012).
References Izquierdo, I. (1998). Short- And Long-Term Memory. Behavioral pharmacology, 9(5), 46.
Mangun, G. (2013). Cognitive Electrophysiology of Attention Signals of the Mind. Burlington: Elsevier Science.
Obermeyer, S., Kolling, T., Schaich, A.,
Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Assessment Thesis argumentative essay help
Introduction In Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, housing and building sectors consume a third of their energy. This is an accumulation of the energy consumed in the production of construction materials, machinery, assemblies, and the shipment of construction materials.
On the other hand, the non-building sectors account for 30-50% of all commodities consumed and are responsible for 40% of solid waste. With the increase in environmental degradation and the effects of global warming, more resources are becoming scarce. Global Footprint Network asserts that it is uncertain if limited resources will maintain human consumption in the near future.
To reduce the trail of the built environment, humans must come up with interventions, which will enhance building efficacy with respect to operational logic and a material logic. To attain these developments, practices such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) offer practical knowledge and aid in identifying design alternatives that decrease environmental degradation.
In Australia, more construction practitioners and policy makers emphasize on sustainability. It is the duty of the LCA practitioners and relevant authorities to offer appropriate BMCC-LCA information and to ensure that the information can be gathered at the B/C level in an appropriate manner.
As interventions are being sought to lessen the effects of construction, Life Cycle Assessment is considered as a goal gauge to evaluate construction plans that evade challenges. To enhance the use of Life Cycle Assessment, construction related decision-making, strategies like the AusLCI projects have been created to expand and preserve the information required in LCA’s undertaking. Based on these themes, this analysis investigates the use of Life Cycle Assessment by evaluating classic and unconventional Australian homes.
Methodology ISO defines Life Cycle Assessment as a collection and assessment of the efforts, products and the probable ecological impacts of a product system throughout its Lifecycle. At the present, Life Cycle Assessment has expanded into a key instrument for sustainability decision support. Its importance is yet to be established in accordance with the quality and support it offers. LCA was created when the need for environmental policy became a key issue in Economic Co-operation and Development countries.
The chief essentials of the Life Cycle Assessment are illustrated in the study. In general, Life Cycle Assessment is the procedure of evaluating prospective impacts that manufactured goods, procedures, or services have on the surroundings in their over the life cycles. Figures can be used to demonstrate the life cycle organization notion of natural resources. In the figures, energy can be illustrated inflowing into the system, whereas products and refuse can be illustrated exiting the system.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The framework for LCA
LCA’s technological structure comprises of four mechanisms, namely goal and scope description, inventory study, impact evaluation, and analysis. Each of these mechanisms has a crucial role in the study. They are interconnected throughout the entire evaluation with respect to modern ISO terms.
Goal and scope definition
This mechanism involves the process of deciding on the scope, aims, and limits of the LCA. At the start of an LCA, the objective and the range of the project should evidently define. The objective must state explicitly the proposed function of the project, the addressees, the expected output, the function to be analysed, and the extent of the project. To define the extent of the project, reference units, system limits and data quality necessities should be addressed.
Inventory analysis comprises of compilation, examination, and justification of information that enumerate the suitable contributions and productivity of a product system. This approach makes use of linked mass balance models to describe the inputs and the outputs for each part. The outcome comprises of a procedure flow chart, an inventory of all discharges, and resources and energy inputs that are linked with the product under examination.
Impact assessment determines the surrounding effects of both the inputs and the outputs. The key intention of carrying out an impact assessment is to recognize and ascertain the connection between a product life cycle and its prospective surrounding impacts. This stage comprises of three phases. The phases are aimed at assessing the implication of the stated environmental impacts with respect to the product under study.
The initial phase comprises of categorization of the outcomes, allocate the elemental flows to effect groups, and computing their roles in the impact. The next phase comprises of the assessment of the impact consequences with respect to the nationwide impact levels. The last stage is the weighting of the obtained outcomes to facilitate the computation of a single indicator result. Concerning this study, the first two stages will be analyzed.
This approach aims at analysing the different ways to reduce environmental impacts. As such, the interpretation is a methodical review of the obtained results in relative to the goal and scope. Through this, the conclusions of the surrounding profile of the merchandise or system being evaluated is obtained.
Besides the basic LCA method, definite methods can be employed in projects aimed at coming up with inventory data for construction material quantities and energy utilization over the life of the construction.
We will write a custom Thesis on Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Assessment specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Goal of the study
The aim of this project is to contrast the effects linked with the systems’ resources and end-of-life management. Through this, the probable results of a full life cycle assessment are obtained. The study makes use of LCA methods to compute and contrast the greenhouse possibility and cumulative energy demand of some building plans. These plans comprise of the following:
Contemporary, timber-frame brick-veneer house plan of equal floor area and internal amenity.
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with polystyrene lagging R1.5
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with rock wool lagging R1.5
Scope of Analysis
Description of product systems under investigation
This project centres on the structural material fundamentals of a house. It contrasts the surrounding affects caused by the material systems linked with the subsequent house plans:
Contemporary, timber-frame brick-veneer house plan of equal floor area and internal amenity
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with polystyrene lagging R1.5
Latest house wall made of reinforced concrete wall with rock wool lagging R1.5
In the scope, fixtures and the fittings within the construction cover are not included. The floor designs for each plan have equal living space. The dissimilarity between the house plans linked with the structural fundamentals, shield systems, or partition systems. All house plans depend on a toughened concrete slab base and contemporary timber roof system. The windows and doors are also reserved equal spaces in all the three plans.
The chief aim of the functional unit is to offer a reasonable gauge to contrast the houses chosen with respect with the respect to the services offered by the houses. The suburban living space comprised of a unit single storey construction of 100.2 m2 of liveable area for a period of 60 years, in Melbourne, Australia. The functional unit was a one square meter of internal floor area for a period of 1 year.
The life cycle phases of this study comprise:
Embodied effects linked to materials employed
Waste supervision of resources at end of life
The system boundary illustrates the procedures that are incorporated in the study together with resources and energy flows back and forth the surrounding linked with the construction and disposal life cycle phases. The system limits of this project comprise:
Procedures for mining and manufacture of the raw materials;
Transportation and alteration of the materials into products;
End of life waste supervision of the materials such as recycling and land filling.
Because building types have an effect on the structures’ thermal performance, heating and cooling set effects have been incorporated. Prominent omissions from the system are internal decoration, furnishing, floor casings, cabinetry, window casings, electrical fit-ups, plumbing fitting-up, garden, exterior concrete and mechanical system infrastructures. Similarly, domestic devices, house waste generation, and water utilization have been omitted from the system.
Procedures that do not affect the construction cover have also been omitted from the system limits. These include capital equipment, human resource, fixtures, and fittings. Construction effects were estimated by modelling the transportation of material to the site. On site of fabrication, effects are estimated to be negligible for all building plans.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Environmental Impact – Life Cycle Assessment by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Life Cycle Impact Assessment method
The process interprets emissions, resource mining, and other efforts towards the distinct surrounding or inventory pointers.
Life Cycle Inventory
Inventory data This part shows the data and the assumptions employed in the creation of the life cycle inventory (LCI) for the goods chosen in the project. Unless otherwise specified, procedure information is accounted in the level by which they were at first accounted. The catalogue was created from the data indicating the cost of materials.
Material quantities Material quantities for the home chosen were from the conventional Australian 3 bedroom house. Roof, base, windows, and floor plan layout were unchanged.
Material quantities for the home were created from computed wall, window, base and roof areas. The standard quantity factors were computed with respect to Lawson, which have been modified to contain more practical quantities for foundation systems, raised floor systems, and to identify the conventional construction material sizes. This method is analogous to that used by Maddox.
Material Bill In the model created, supplementary materials such as windows, soaking, insulation, door hardware, doors, damp course and concrete membrane were also were also incorporated.
Building life Building life was approximated to be 60 years. This guess is in accordance with other projects and Australian Building Codes Board guidance (ABCB 2006).
Building operation Building procedure and repairs are incorporated in the study. Operational effects are only restricted to the prerequisite of heating and cooling. Additional operational effects such as hot water, appliances, lighting are omitted from the system chosen.
Every building type evaluated was modelled with the help of AccuRate energy simulation kit. Thereafter, energy efficiency enhancements were regulated to obtain a star rating of six stars in accordance with the climate zones of Melbourne.
Energy sources for heating and cooling To interpret the energy utilization throughout construction operation into environmental effects, suppositions concerning the heating and cooling systems used were needed. In support of heating and cooling, an electric reverse cycle-air-condition system is assumed to have employed. For warming, it is assumed that the normal coefficient of performance (COP) is 4.27. With respect to cooling, the energy efficiency ratio (EER) is 4.04.
The figures were determined with respect to the operations of air condition varieties found in the market. The thermal operations of cooling and heating air condition were necessitated. The Carbon effects in every 1KWh of electricity used were 1.11 kg CO2-aqua (Australian LCI database).
Maintenance necessities for the construction have been projected using approximated replacement rates. Generally, replacement frequencies are equivalent to or more advanced than technical design lives mentioned in the existing literatures. Accumulation of maintenance impact is presumed to take place linearly from the start of house operation. This is in contrast with discrete intervals thus evading interval truncation errors. Dumping of workings replaced is presumed to be to landfill.
Front-position transport procedures considered using the likely transport distances and approaches. In the list below, the chief transport distances and modes have been summarised.
Concrete starting at Nowra to Berry: distance covered by concrete truck was 17.4 km
Bricks starting at Nowra to Berry: distance covered by articulated truck distance was 17.4 km
Steel starting at Wollongong to Berry: distance covered by articulated truck was 61.4 km
Collarbone sheet starting at Wollongong to Berry: distance covered by articulated truck was 61.4 km
Oriented strand board (OSB) starting at Austria to Perth: Articulated truck starting at St Johan (Austria) to Slovenia covered 337 km
Sea freight starting at Slovenia to Perth via Singapore covered 19,443 km, and articulated truck starting at Freemantle to Perth covered 20 km
SIPS panels starting at Perth to Berry: Diesel train freight (4352 km)
SIPS panels starting at Sydney to Berry: Articulated truck (144 km)
Container component starting at China to Berry: Articulated road freight to Shanghai port (10 km), sea freight to Sydney was 8604.3 km, and articulated road freight starting at Sydney to Berry covered 143.7 km.
Structural soft and hard wood: Articulate truck (200 km); approximation only
Every other transport representation was based on catalogues found in the backdrop databases. Road cargo distances were employed together with Australian Life Cycle Catalogue and ecoinvent unit procedures for articulated trucks.
These catalogues include the effects of backhauls together with unfilled returns with respect to regional averages. Sea cargo distances were approximated with the use port-to-port cargo distances accessible from shippingdistances.com. The catalogue for global shipping freight inventory from ecoinvent was employed.
End of life
Post-consumer throwaway catalogue were designed for each object and dumping area. The end-of-life comprised of management in landfill and building and demolition recycling. The divide amid these end-of-life managements was developed with the use of information for every object and are considered.
Approach to recycling
Recycling procedure represented the effects linked with the assortment and reprocessing of waste products into usable products. As well, credits were useful in recycling because they lead to the evasion of resources from virgin sources. Regional-distinct catalogues were created for every recycling procedure.
Despite the fact that these approximations are perceived to be adequate to contrast substitute-building styles, in addition they could be improved by a project that comprises of actual measurements particularly in relation to building material quantities and waste on-site.
Life cycle inventory
Life cycle inventory leads to the postulations necessitated concerning the cost of material quantities and generally operational necessities that are grounded on hypothetical approximations rather than real measures. The catalogues and outcomes of this project are grounded in current supply-chain specific data.
Use phase exclusion
The appraisal reviewed the effects of the material and end of life systems only. The omission of the utilization phase implies that a full life cycle was not selected. The directional character of the results may vary if the usage of phase is incorporated
Impact assessment methodology
To evaluate possible surrounding impacts, the project does not distinguish between national and international impacts. With respect to some environmental indicators, this can be vital.
LCIA outcomes are comparative expressions. Therefore, they do not forecast effects on class endpoints, the extended thresholds, safety limits or threats and, when incorporated as a fraction of the LCA.
Cumulative energy demand indicator
Whenever fossil-based energy is employed, CED can illustrate a relationship with global warming possibility. Nevertheless, whenever renewable energy systems are used, CED will not illustrate any relationship with any environmental pointer.
Impact assessment results
The outcomes of the project were not aimed at reflecting an industry-wide outcome of construction in Australia, or to portray prospective surrounding effects of making use of the considered products mentioned in all situations.
Secure Software Project Management Research Paper college essay help near me
Table of Contents Abstract
Project Risk Management
Secure Configuration Management
Software Quality Assurance and Security
Abstract Secure software project management comprises the steps that should be taken by software producers in their quest to provide good software to the market. Software production is a very challenging bit in information technology due to the nature of computer software that can be produced to do different functions.
The need to come up with secure projects for software project management has been necessitated by the fact that the software has become a very integral part of the present-day society due to dependence by the society on computers to run different functions.
The use of computers in the day-to-day running of activities has therefore called for the setting up of standards that will guarantee aspects such as security of the software by ensuring that ethical elements of the software production process are followed in an attempt to achieve a sustainable production of better and improved software over time.
This therefore calls for a concerted effort between all stakeholders in the industry as a way of coming up with the best standards that can be followed during software production. With this light in mind, the question, ‘what role should stakeholders play to guarantee software security and hence information assurance?’ forms the basis of argument of this paper.
Project Risk Management The evident technological advancement is the primary cause of the many incidences of computer insecurity. Hackers have managed to take advantage of the technology to crack into the information banks of other parties without the parties’ consent to perform malicious acts. During software development, several risks are involved, thus calling for all stakeholders to develop strategies to manage the risk for the project to be successful.
Some risks can be easily identified while others may not, or may never be identified because of the complex nature of software development use and management that makes it multifaceted when it comes to managing the risks involved.
Therefore, as highlighted in the next section, the involved parties need to be aware of the role of project risk management in a bid to implement the various risk handling steps in the computer sector as a strategy of guaranteeing security of information that is shared among people and/or organizations. The diagram below shows the steps that they can use for an effective risk management process.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Risk Assessment Risk assessment is the first step in managing risks. It involves finding out the possible risks that the given project might face during its development and execution. During this stage, the risk threats to the project are usually highlighted with regard to the purpose that the software is going to serve. Different types of software attract different kinds of interests from players in the industry.
Therefore, software serving very sensitive and lucrative purposes attracts a lot of attention from groups such as hackers (Otniel, 2013, p. 88). Steps can only be taken after the risk has been identified. The next stage involves identifying the risks that can be handled by the persons preparing the software along with the ones that cannot be handled.
The complexity of software development indicates that different software developers have different abilities and hence the reason for continuous emergence of new software by new developers. Developers usually see what they are doing with a different eye relative to other developers. Therefore, the risks that can be identified can easily be solved in this case. There are those risks that are beyond the developers of the programs.
These can only be identified for further research. The solutions for the risks should outweigh the risks because a project that is full of risks is as good as desolate (Otniel, 2013, p. 90). In identifying the risks, standards have been put in place that programmers are supposed to use when working.
Some of the risks identified include technical factors such as the necessary technical abilities to do certain projects, insufficient budget to carry out a project, operational risks that may be due to unforeseen factors, as well as schedule risks (Otniel, Bibu
Telstra Company Knowledge Management Report college application essay help: college application essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Knowledge Management Failure at Telstra
Proposal for a Knowledge Management System for Telstra
Content Management System
Document Management System
Decision Support System
Promotion of Acceptance and Assimilation
List of References
Introduction Information is a very important tool in the normal running of organization. Within an organization, there should be a clear management and flow of information between the management and the employees in order to harmonize its operations. Knowledge management has gained a lot of attention from various scholars and managements in the past.
It has come out clearly that one reason why firms fail to meet their expectations in their various fields is lack of clear knowledge management. As an organization increases in size, the need to have knowledge management increases. This is because different people will be assigned different tasks, and one group may not have knowledge of what the other group is doing.
However, all the members of the organization should be aware of all the activities taking place within the organization in order to eliminate cases of omission or overlapping of tasks. There should be a clear flow of information from the management to the employees to ensure that all that they engage in are in accordance with the strategic objectives of the organization.
It is upon this that many organizations have come to appreciate the importance of knowledge management system. Scholars have been keenly trying to find out how best organizations can successfully manage their knowledge. Knowledge management system has gained a lot of popularity in the recent past.
Burey (2010, p 77) says, “Knowledge management systems refer to any kind of IT system that stores and retrieves knowledge, improves collaboration, locates knowledge sources, mines repositories for hidden knowledge, captures and uses knowledge, or in some other way enhances the KM process.” This definition brings out the fact that knowledge management system is an IT supported system that helps in the storage, retrieval, improvement, and location of knowledge within an organization.
It is important to note that despite the growing importance of knowledge management system to organization in the recent past there has been a conflicting idea of the importance of knowledge management system. The failure of Telstra to manage information when undertaking the contract awarded to it by NBN Co resulted into massive violation of environmental policies that put workers and the public at health risks due to exposure to asbestos. This research focuses on this case study to develop a proposal that can be used by similar firms in future.
Knowledge Management Failure at Telstra According to Hitt (2008, p. 76), most firms do not consider knowledge management as an integral part of their success in the market. They take knowledge management casually, always thinking that the knowledge that the top management unit has is always enough to run the organization successfully.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A reflection of the case study involving the contract assigned to Telstra by NBN Co demonstrates that this line of thinking is not only suicidal to success of an organization, but can also subject a firm to litigation. Telstra has gained a good reputation in its policies in management of asbestos. When NBN Co decided to award the contract to this firm, their main reason for this choice was the trust that Telstra had developed in this field.
The basis upon which NBN Co made its decision was justifiable. On the other hand, Telstra abused the privilege that was given to it by failing to use the right workforce in this project. The management of Telstra assumed that the knowledge that its employees had gained while working for it is not necessarily important in future projects.
The firm was too concerned in cutting its cost of operations to think of the best way of managing its employees. It therefore, retrenched most of its employees, especially those that were field officers. They believed that they could easily outsource for such services at a cheaper cost other than having to maintain these employees.
The management forgot the fact that these employees already had the knowledge of how to manage asbestos through previous training and experience in similar projects in the past. The management forgot that the good reputation it had built in the market was not due to its structures, but because of a pool of employees who knew how to handle various tasks in this field.
When retrenching these employees, the management forgot that it was dismissing its own experience, the reputation, and competent that had taken it years to build in this industry. These employees went with all this information. One intriguing fact is that the contract awarded to Telstra involved renovating a system that it had worked on previously using the employees it had retrenched.
These employees understood the risk factors involved in this project, and would have been in a better position to handle this new project. These employees knew the health risks involved in the project both to the workers and the public in general if the process was not conducted in accordance with the procedures.
It may be factual that these former employees could have been aware that this project was awarded to their former employers. They could have been aware of the possible consequences of poor approach to this project, but having been fired from the firm, they must have felt that they had no obligation bringing the attention of their former employer to the possible consequences of approaching the task.
We will write a custom Report on Telstra Company Knowledge Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some could have even assumed that the management had the right information, and therefore, would use the right approach and meet the requirements expected when handling the tasks. Telstra on the other hand, realized that it did not have the right workforce to handle the task having retrenched its employees.
It realized that it had to seek for the workforce from other firms. In order to reduce the cost of operations further, the management went for firms with lesser expertise in this field because they charge lesser prices. These firms realized that the contract was big and further subcontracted other smaller firms for the task. This resulted in a scenario where the workforce that was finally taken to the field had no prior experience in this field, and did not understand the safety procedures when undertaking these duties.
This explains why they not only exposed the public to the risks associated with exposure to asbestos, but also subjected themselves to these substances during their work. Telstra could have succeeded in cutting its costs of operation. However, this came at a serious consequence to the firm, to the public, and the firm that awarded it the contract which is NBN Co.
The relevant authorities are demanding for explanation. Although NBN Co may be exonerated from any wrong doing, it is still liable to an extent, for failure to have a close monitoring unit in this project. They should have had a mechanism to inspect whether the task they assigned to Telstra was being conducted in accordance with the laid down procedures.
Theirs was an error of omission that could cost them their reputation in the market, besides other disciplinary measures that might be taken by the relevant government authorities. For Telstra, they are not able to run away from the full responsibility of the unfortunate turn of event. It was awarded the contract, failed to use the appropriate workforce, and therefore, resorted to using individuals and firms with no knowledge and experience in handling this task.
It is also apparent that the management never even bothered to follow-up to determine the ability of these individuals to deliver on the assigned task. As it comes out from this case study, the former employees left with the knowledge from the firm. It is apparent that Telstra never had a knowledge management system even before firing its employees.
According to Maier (2004, p. 62), it is normal for a firm to hire and fire employees on various basis in its quest to increase its productivity. However, it is important to ensure that the knowledge that an employee gains while working for the firm is retained within the firm when such an employee leaves. This is because the employee was duly paid by the firm for that task, and all the relevant knowledge regarding the task becomes the property of the firm.
The knowledge should be stored safely by the firm in a system that can easily be retrieved, modified and used by another employee who shall be in that position or any other position to which that the information will be relevant. This is what the management of Telstra failed to do. There was no clear mechanism through which relevant knowledge that employees gathered while in the field would be stored.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Telstra Company Knowledge Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More If this system were available, the management should have known that this new project had health concerns that should have been considered on a serious note before the new employees could start working. This is also demonstrated in the way they acted when assigning the task to other firms.
This firm should have realized that it had a lot of stakes in this project because of its magnitude. However, there was no clear information flow between the Telstra management and the management of the subcontracted firms.
Proposal for a Knowledge Management System for Telstra The current situation in which Telstra finds itself is very awkward, and the fate of the firm is no longer in its hands anymore. Its fate is in the hands of the government agencies responsible for environmental protection and NBN Co. these government agencies may decide to press charges against this firm, and force it to pay huge sums of money as fine.
This can be worse when these agencies decide to recall the trading license of Telstra because this will force it to look for markets outside this country. On the other hand, NBN Co may also decide to press charges against Telstra. They are justified to do this because Telstra never informed them that they were considering subcontracting the tasks to other firms.
This will not only injure the finances of this firm, but also affect its good reputation negatively. This is the predicament that this firm finds itself in because of lack of proper knowledge management system. This is a lesson to this firm, and to others, and a sound warning that lack of knowledge management system may cost a firm a fortune. Although neglected for long, it is time this system was given the seriousness it deserves.
Based on the findings from the case study given above, the management of Telstra should consider a number of systems to manage its knowledge in order to protect it from such occurrences in future. According to Gottschalk (2007, p. 67), knowledge management system can take different approaches based on the needs of the firm.
The current situation of this firm means that it will need to employ three aspects of knowledge management system. The three include a content management system, document management system and finally a decision support system.
Content Management System The management of Telstra should start by creation of content management system. This is very important because it is apparent that the firm lacks the right knowledge having fired its more experienced employees. Content management system will help in creating, managing, and distributing of the content within the intranet, internet and the website of the firm as might be necessary.
In this stage, the firm will basically ensure that it has the right knowledge within its system that would enable it undertake its duties successfully. As Becerra (2010, p. 90) observes, this would require the firm to have basis upon which this content will be created. In this process, technology will be relevant in developing the templates, tagging the content with metadata and making this content easy to edit whenever there are changes.
The process of content creation should involve various stakeholders within the firm. It should be a collaborative process which brings together all the employees of the firm, the management and other relevant stakeholders. Being a system, the management should define units working on different tasks to make the system complete.
The units within the system should not overlap, but each unit should know what other units are involved in, and what these other units expect from them. In this system, the output from one unit would act an input of another unit which it will process further to create more useful output.
For instance, when one group brings in raw data from the field, another group will be responsible for coding this data, while another group will interpret it. The final group will present the data in the form that can be consumed by every member of the organization either in the data base of the firm, in the internet or the website of the firm.
Document Management System The second step would be to develop a document management system. As the name suggest, this system is explicitly responsible for the management of documents upon collection, coding and presenting them in a manner useful to all the members of the firm. This next step would be to try to manage this data is a way that is beneficial to all the stakeholders of the firm.
As the management continues to develop more knowledge into this field, it will reach a point where this knowledge becomes too massive to be handled using simple data management systems. The introduction of new knowledge does not mean that the old knowledge is irrelevant. As such, the data arriving at the firm must be stored in a way that will enhance their retrieval at whatever time it may be required.
Ackoff (2009, p. 7) says that there are instances where new knowledge coming in is an advancement of the old knowledge. In such instances, there will be a need to harmonize such related pieces of information to enhance knowledge in that field. However, this should not jeopardize the originality of the initial sources of knowledge because there may be a need to make a reference to them.
Just as the system described above, this system will have components responsible for knowledge synthesis, transfer, retrieval and storage. While the first system involved all the relevant stakeholders within the firm, this system will be under direct supervision of the top management. Only a few individuals will be allowed a comprehensive access to this vast knowledge.
The stakeholders will only have access to knowledge relevant to their tasks. This will help the firm protect its strategies from other competitors. Some of the most important tasks in this system will include capturing the data, classification of this data using metadata, indexing of the data, creation of searching and retrieval techniques, versioning of the data and finally administration and security of the data.
Decision Support System This may not necessarily be the end stage in knowledge management system, but ultimately it is one of the most important stages in knowledge management system. According to Resnick (2004, p. 77), the main reason why there is need for knowledge creation and knowledge management is to help in the process of decision making. The world is increasingly getting competitive, and firms are finding themselves under pressure to deliver.
These forces the firms to come up with strategies that would help ensure that they make decisions that would create a competitive advantage to them. The decision support system helps management in making sound decision based on the knowledge available in the database of the firm. Girard (2005, p. 15) says that for a firm to be certain that they are making the right decision, they should ensure that they make data-driven decision.
This is because such decision can be justified if there is need for it. This can be done using Online Analytical Processing System which would help in data mining, and warehousing of this data. This system seeks to solve problems of the organizational management by developing strategies based on the knowledge of the firm in that particular area.
As Thierauf (2009, p. 59) observes, “It is necessary to ensure that the system fulfills the three criteria that determine its success, namely compatibility, understandability, and effectiveness.” This system will help in ensuring that the decision made is compatible to the capacity of the firm and other systems it has.
Understandability will be ensured to help other members of the organization know why the decision was made and its benefits if well applied. Finally, effectiveness will be emphasized by the management to ensure that all the relevant stakeholders apply the policies made out of these decisions. These three phases should be continuous as demonstrated in the figure below.
Figure 1: Knowledge Management System Circle
Promotion of Acceptance and Assimilation Knowledge management system is a process, and once all the structures are put in place, the next phase is always to make the strategy work. The management must ensure that all the stakeholders involved must accept the strategy in order for the assimilation to be successful. Castells (2011, p. 89) says that it is only when a project has the backing of all the relevant stakeholders that it shall be able to meet its intended goals.
This process is always categorized into three phases. In the first phase is the knowledge management system adoption. In this process, the management will start by internally analyzing the firm to determine the adoptability of the policy. The management will evaluate the knowledge needs and flows, determine how to communicate it, and come up with a strategy in which it can be adopted within the firm.
The next phase will be the knowledge management system acceptance. This is a very important stage. When introducing a new concept within an organization, Gerami (2010, p. 235) observes that there are always anxiety, job-fit issues, the usage approach, motivation among other social factors.
These are issues that must be dealt with thoroughly to ensure that the process is successful. To manage these factors, there is need to involve all the users in design and implementation process. The management should ensure that this new system is user friendly and more assuring to the stakeholders. They should also provide relevant technical and the managerial support that would help in enhancing the system.
The last stage would be knowledge management system assimilation. This is the process of rolling out the new strategy within the firm. When the new system has been accepted within the firm, all the activities that this organization engages in should reflect the new system adopted. This would improve productivity of the organization.
List of References Ackoff, R 2009, “Knowledge and Wisdom”, Journal of Applies Systems Analysis, vol. 16. no. 19, pp. 3-9.
Becerra, R 2010, Knowledge management: Systems and processes, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk.
Burey, M 2010, “Knowledge Management”, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, vol. 7 no. 2, pp. 34-237.
Castells, M 2011, The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, John Wiley
‘The Great Gatsby’: Tom and Blanche Critical Essay college admissions essay help
Loyalty refers to a state of being faithful and devoted to an individual or an institution. For one to be considered loyal, there should be a clear demonstration of the need to obey all the set rules. Different people attach their loyalty to various people and faiths among other things. Loyalty requires one to have some sense of duty or responsibility towards that which one is loyal.
Disloyalty, on the other hand, is the act of being not devoted to somebody or something. It refers to a state where one is unfaithful, not trustworthy, tells lies and other related vices. ‘The Great Gatsby’ book is a narrative of life experience of a young man who leaves his hometown for another one in the east in search of academic prosperity and success in life.
The young man comes from a relatively rich family, and he thinks that he has the responsibility to continue the legacy that was started by his great grandfather’s brother. He understands and appreciates the fact that his family expects him to be like his entrepreneurial uncle who died several years ago. He never saw him, but he is determined to live his legacy as expected by the family.
More about This Topic Which Excerpt from The Great Gatsby is the Best Example of Foreshadowing? 5 86 What Was Gatsby’s Reaction to Daisy’s Child? 5 162 In Which Point of View is the Great Gatsby Written? 4.5 92 Why Does Nick Feel Responsible for Getting People to the Funeral of Gatsby? 5 78 He knows that this may be not easy, but holds on to the pieces of advice that the father would give him frequently. To pursue his education goals he moves to the east where he meets his cousin Daisy and her husband Tom, an old friend from college.
Streetcar Named Desire is more of a play where we meet several actors like Blanche. This paper seeks to compare and contrast the loyalty and disloyalty of Tom and Blanche as demonstrated in the two books respectively. From the two books, it is clear that both characters are loyal to their families. Tom feels it is his duty to work hard to provide for his family.
He also works hard to ensure that his wealthy status continues even to the generations to come. When Daisy comments on Tom’s reading habits, Tom says, “It is up to us who are the dominant race to watch out for these other races will have control over things.” This statement describes Tom as not only being loyal to his family, but also to his race at large.
He feels that if not serious, their dominant race might be overthrown by another race. Like Tom, Blanche in the book of Street Car Named Desire, is loyal to her sister who is the only member of her family that we come across. Blanche is so much concerned about the relationship of her sister with Stanley. She is worried about her and tries to help the sister in every way possible to meet her needs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Seeing the miserable life her sister Stella is living, Blanche persuades her to leave her husband and venture into a field that would give them money to meet with the life expenses. Blanche hopes to persuade Stella to leave Stanley. It is true that both characters are loyal to their jobs. The narrator explains that Tom has worked very hard to achieve a lot of wealth though at a very young age.
When the narrator visits Tom’s family, he is surprised by their beautifully and well built mansion. The narrator says, “Their house was even more elaborate than I expected, a cheerful red and white Georgian Colonial mansion overlooking the bay.” This statement shows that Tom is very much devoted to his work to an extent of acquiring such massive wealth in spite of his young age.
His achievements have made him show off to his friends. When talking to the narrator with a lot of pride, Tom takes him round his mansion to display its wealthy nature. Blanche also comes out as being very loyal to her teaching opportunity. She ensures that she does not quit teaching although with another duty at a certain hotel.
While criticizing Blanche’s behavior, Stanley says that “She has lived like a prostitute in a cheap hotel while also teaching in the local school.” This shows that although engaging in other immoral activities, Blanche could not forget her responsibility as a teacher of English. She was very kind to the learners and the entire learning institution.
It is also evident that both characters at some point are unfaithful to their partners. When Daisy and the cousin are discussing the birth of Daisy’s daughter, she complains that she did not know her husband’s whereabouts before her daughter is born. In this respect, the narrator also says, “As for Tom, the fact is that he had some woman in New York.” This demonstrates that Tom is not loyal to Daisy.
Though married, Tom seems to engage in some marital affairs with other women. On the other hand, Blanche meets another man by the name Mitch, who is now her boyfriend. However, we find Blanche being disloyal to Mitch when he kisses another man and also engages in an affair with another old man who is perceived to be a millionaire.
Stanley also refers to Blanche as promiscuous: “Blanche flirts with and kisses a young man who calls to collect subscriptions for a newspaper.” She even tells Stanley lies concerning her boyfriend Mitch which confirms the level of Blanche’s disloyalty to Mitch.
We will write a custom Essay on ‘The Great Gatsby’: Tom and Blanche specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Great Gatsby book brings out Tom showing some disloyalty to other people just like Blanche in the Streetcar Named Desire. From the narrator’s description of the nature and appearance of Tom, his attitude to other people and the outside world is clearly seen. The author describes Tom’s eyes as being shinny and arrogant and his body as appearing cruel.
These descriptions bring out Tom as a man who is very tough, and harsh to other people, which are signs of disloyalty. We see Daisy making fun out of her husband’s appearance. Although it was meant to be a light joke to provoke laughter, Tom takes it so serious that he objects the statement crossly saying “I hate that word hulking, even in kidding.” Some people are said to hate Tom’s guts, which confirms that the man is disloyal to others in one way or another.
Blanche is also unfaithful to Stanley and other people that are out to help her. From the book, it is clear that Blanche does not stay in her own house. She lives with her sister Stella who is accommodated by her friend Stanley. This is evidenced by Stanley’s attempt to send Blanche back to Laure by issuing her a bus ticket when her behavior annoys him.
Further Research What Role Do the First Lines of The Great Gatsby Play? 5 17 What Does Gatsby Tell Nick about Himself and His Past? 5 218 What Role Does the Book “The Rise of the Colored Empires” Play in The Great Gatsby? 4.5 2199 Why Did Gatsby Fail to Achieve the American Dream? 5 255 Instead of being loyal to such a person who has accommodated her, Blanche is out to separate Stanley and her sister Stella. She is also harsh to Mitch who is said to offer her protection and company after the death of her husband by having sexual affairs with other men. When Blanche goes out for an date with Mitch, it is not successful. The author comments it this way:
“Blanche and Mitch return from unsuccessful evening out, and Blanche appears to be offended when Mitch tries to kiss her.” This means that these two friends did not agree on some issues, quarreled, or had some other differences that made the date unsuccessful, a statement that can be used to justify the disloyal character of Blanche. She also causes the death of her former husband, which is a sign of high degree of Blanche’s disloyalty to him.
As evidenced from the two books, Tom and Blanche are unfaithful to humanity. Their manipulative natures show that they do not even respect others’ families. Tom snatches Mrs. Wilson his wife and goes with her to New York where he engages in sexual affairs with Mrs. Wilson.
He makes the woman lie to her husband that she goes to see her sister who stays in New York, “so Tom Buchanan and his girl and I went up together to New York”. Tom forgets that he is married to Daisy, and manipulates Mrs. Wilson to leave her husband. Blanche has also tried in many occasions to manipulate her sister Stella to leave her husband and engage in an affair with an old man who is a millionaire. This affair would be played to his own selfish gains.
Strategic Business Plan: Small Size Dog Boarding Business Problem Solution Essay writing essay help: writing essay help
Introduction The conceptualization of a successful small dog boarding business demands a broad strategic blue print. The strategic plan should internalize the aspects of business vision, mission, values, communication plan and a balanced scorecard. Thus, this reflective paper develops a strategic plan for the proposed small dog boarding business called Dog Nest Centre to compete with the local Wessier Dog Boarding business.
Dog Nest Centre’s Strategic Plan Vision and Mission
For an organization to succeed in marketing, it has to have both vision and mission for its marketing. They act as the guideline and reference point. The business refers to the vision and goals to determine if it is making positive progress. The business’s vision will be to be the leading business in the dog boarding services to pet owners who have no dog handlers.
On the other hand, the marketing goal will be to acquire ten clients per week for the first six months. Besides, the business will have a mission of adding value to the life of its target consumers by offering free pick services and delivery of dogs upon the return of its clients. Through its marketing, the business will strive to ensure that consumers continue benefiting from the dog boarding services at all time (Scarborough, 2012).
Values of the Dog Nest Centre
To be able to achieve the mission and the set goals, the proposed dog boarding business will require having a captivating position value statement and superior product strategy. In this case, the business’s positioning statement will be as follows;
We have what everyone wants, and at considerable prices. The dog boarding services is unique and of high quality. They are supremely stylish, trendy and certainly the latest in the market. Those that subscribe to these services will have series of discounts and offers besides life membership. The prices are also considerable; one will get the friendliest and professional services for his or her dog at an affordable price.
One of the product strategies that the business will utilize is to make sure that it attributes the dog boarding services to convenience and affordability. The business will charge dog boarding services at affordable prices as a strategy to attract consumers and not scare them away with high prices as at the local Wessier Dog Boarding business.
The Sense and Business Ethics in the Dog Nest Business
The majority of its competitors relies on local consumers. Therefore, they do not run promotional campaigns or advertise their products. Consequently, this business will have an advantage since it will create consumer awareness through its promotions and advertisements. Besides, the competitors charge high prices unlike this business that will form the pinnacle of affordable services.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To surmount this competition, the business will use strategies like consumer education on how to get the best from the services by using it appropriately (Scarborough, 2012). With a typical well organized commodity pool, this business is geared to quickly increase its market share since the beneficial interests can be distributed across the commodity users.
This strategy will facilitate the restructuring effective sales and public awareness to develop product knowledge. If well merged with appropriate market mix, the strategy will secure a continuous quantitative increase of the market by constantly maintaining relatively fare prices of the services it is offering as well as the maintenance of up to per competition levels from other competitors.
The Balance Scorecard for the Dog Nest Centre Business The balanced scorecard for this business summarizes the internal processes, customer, financial, and strategies for growth as summarized in the table below.
Elements Objective Measurement Target Internal Process Effectiveness of the strategies of the business in the market The price charged $40 per day for each dog The customer responses to services provided The time that elapses before customers respond Within one day of business encounter Customer The acquisition of customers The number of new customers An average of 25 customers per day Retention of customers The frequency of same customers Five out of each 15 new Accomplishment of pre-set goals and objectives Surpassing the revenue target Monitor quarterly Financial Initial funding The proportion of financing sources Debt to Equity financing ratio – 3:2, because debt financing is the best option. Revenue growth The percentage sales growth Growth rate – 5% Cash flow/profitability Percent of income from operations 10% Learning and growth Business self improvement Areas that require monitoring Internal inspection two times per day. External inspection one time per week. Skilled employees Number of staff with prior dog care experience Training complete within two weeks of hire date. Refresher training bi-monthly. Development of e-marketing The number of new online customer inquiries. 25 customers per day Social Responsibility and Entreprenuership Skills Knowing how to improve quality is crucial in the growth of a business. In fact, consumers normally go for products that preformed best. Besides, quality improvement will serve the organization’s needs to improve on performance, durability, maintain economic viability, maintain visual and aesthetic appeal, maintain superiority in service delivery, and keep good reputation due to quality assurance.
Thus, quality improvement deployment and organizational change action plan present an action plan that would facilitate the business gain in long term operations is value and quality improvement (Scarborough, 2012). The success puzzle for quality improvement and dog boarding business change implementation management strategy delivery operates on the periphery of the soft skills involving the timeless vision of organizational principles.
Besides, defining value of the business, determining requirements, clarifying the vision, building teams, mitigating task, resolving issues, and providing direction complete the response projections which shall be addressed in the proposed quality service delivery system as opposed to the disorganized system of the Wessier Dog Boarders business.
Furthermore, quality planning focuses on benchmarking of efficiency of the operations and service delivery initiative, accreditation initiative, and staff performance and skills assessment initiative which this business will endeavor to expound on (Scarborough, 2012).
We will write a custom Essay on Strategic Business Plan: Small Size Dog Boarding Business specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Business Ownership Being a very small business with a relatively low capital requirement, sole proprietorship will be the ideal form of business ownership for the Dog Nest business. The owner will have the enticement of keeping all the profit and making decision faster to suit the preferences of prospective clients.
The Business Plan for the Dog Nest Centre Business Purpose
The communication plan has the purpose of supporting the business’ strategic objectives within the code of operation of the dog boarding business. Basically, the communication plan is a conceptual map for external and internal decoding and encoding channels for pet owners targeted.
The mission of the communication plan is to expand to the marketing team the approaches that should be adopted in implementing the strategic plan informed of the rationale of authenticating the cost effeteness element and ensure good response from the targeted pet owners.
Despite communication being rated as a high corporate strategy, action planning of communication method is of essence to create solution oriented task and strategy implementation secession. The main issues that will be addressed by the communication plan include customer acquisition, customer retention, quality services, and proactive response to different business situations. The head of marketing will lead the plan for the next six month period.
Business Goals/ Objectives
The goal is to transform the speed of the entire business structure and the business environment that affects every sphere of the internal communication issues in the business. This will ensure efficiency and professionalism in service delivery.
Corresponding Communication Goals/Objectives
In line with the vision of this business, the corresponding communication goal is sustainability and stability of the business through efficiency.
Key Themes/ Messages
Theme: Paradigm shift in service delivery
Message: Elements of service methodology for sustainable business management. These elements are expected to align organization culture, employee behavior, business etiquette, and knowledge of business solutions.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Strategic Business Plan: Small Size Dog Boarding Business by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Media, Audiences, Schedules
Face to face communication will be used to pass the information to the staff in a series of weekly meeting for the next six months.
Training Managers to Communicate
Communication through reports and schedules in different departments within a business can coordinate and integrate their functions. The business leader and his or her team will establish the use of formal communication methods such as responsiveness, negotiable, and reflective approach in decoding and encoding feedback.
The main success measurement parameters include full house attendance by the stakeholders, full participation of all the stakeholders in attendance, and acceptance of the proposal and complete endorsement of the strategic plan.
Sources of financing the business The internal financing options available for the business include personal sources such as retained profits and share capital. Basically, the retained profit is the funds generated by the initial business when it profitably trades (Shim
Print Media Is Dead Argumentative Essay essay help: essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
The fashion industry and media as a popular culture
How did the fashion media develop into a popular culture?
Characteristics of print fashion media as a popular culture
Modern aspects of the fashion media
Modern consumer behaviour and its impact on fashion media
Financial crisis and the impact on print media
Introduction Print media has been the most powerful pathway for the transmission of fashion, fashion designs and other elements of the fashion industry. In fact, fashion magazines have been the key to the fashion industry (Stone, 2004). For several centuries, the fashion industry has increasingly taken the modern advantage of technological advancements in printing.
In turn, technological advancements have turned the industry into a major consumer of print technology. Nevertheless, towards the end of the 20th century, the fashion industry made a major trend by incorporating the internet (Stone, 2004). Since 2000, the fashion industry has experienced the influence of internet revolution.
Thousands of readers are migrating from print to online media. According to Kansara (2009a), readers are increasingly getting access to the free and abundant information available online. Moreover, according to Kansara (2009b), advertisers are also pulling out of the printing industry. Advertisers are the main source of revenues in print magazines (Hill, 2004).
Their migration from the print media (fashion magazines) to online magazines and blogs has left print magazines in a poor state. This state is actually forcing them out of business (Kansara 2009b). The situation worsened between 2008 and 2010 during the global economic crisis. For instance, major fashion companies were adversely affected by the crisis- major fashion and luxury titles declining significantly (Ovide
Marketing Planning: Red Bull Soft Drinks Report writing essay help
Company analysis Red bull soft drink is one of the multinational corporations operating in many countries around the globe. In the Middle East, the corporation is present in many countries particularly in Saudi Arabia where it has based its manufacturing headquarters. The company specializes in the manufacture of high-energy content soft drinks providing various benefits to the users particularly those involved in high performances such as sports (McNaughton 3).
The products of the company are currently being sold in over 160 countries around the globe. In addition, the growth of the company in the market share has been remarkable. Over the past year, the company’s global market share was approximated to have grown by over 15% with Saudi Arabian subsidiary contributing around 30%. The expansion in the market share has been exacerbated by the increasing growth in the returns on investments approximated to be over 39% in the last financial year.
The company focus is to sustain the highest industrial values at the same time positioning itself as the energy soft drink leader in the market (McNaughton 3). In addition, the company is focusing on delivering superior customer value in a more efficient and cost effective process.
Moreover, the company aims to increase its presence in the world soft drinks market particularly in the fast growing and developing Asian markets. The aggressive global expansion strategies have enabled the company to establish itself in many countries around the globe. The company plans to apply similar strategy to enter into the Asian market particularly in the Far East countries.
Environmental analysis The environmental analysis tool will be applied to analyze the macro-environment that affects the company operations as well as the external factors that may affect its products. The macro-environmental factors include the political, economical, social technological, and legal. The external factors are critical considerations in the company’s internationalization strategies.
Political factors Red bull soft drink is a multinational company operating in many countries especially in North America, Europe and Asia. As such, its products are sold in a wide spectrum of political environments. Moreover, Red bull soft drink consumers are spread across the political divide found in all parts of the world. Therefore, political consideration is very important factor for the company especially when introducing a particular product in the new international market.
For instance, the company is manufacturing and distributing most of its products into the Asian market from one central position found in Australia. Such operation has exposed the company to political tussles with the government threatening to close its operations. In addition, the nature of the products of the company has been questionable in some countries particularly in the Middle East where alcohol content is highly strict.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In some countries, the products of the company have been burned due to the ingredients that have been used. The political factors have disadvantaged the company particularly in competitive energy drinks’ market. These political conditions have seriously influenced the company’s sales particularly products with high caffeine levels.
Economic factors The current economic situation around the world has a profound effect not only on the company’s products but also on the general production capacity. The recent economic downturn experienced in America and Europe has a considerable consequence on the domestic market. Sales for the high-energy content soft drinks have reduced as majority of consumers switched to other competitive products as their income reduced.
Reduction in sales was also experienced in many parts of Europe as well as in many countries in Asia where the company operates. However, this presented an opportunity for the company to introduce cheaper high-energy soft drinks in the market. Moreover, in such an economic environment, the company must increase its capital flow in order to avoid negative effects of the economic shocks.
However, as the parts of the world are experiencing the effects of the economic downturns, China, the biggest target market was experiencing an economic boom. In the last two years, China has experienced rapid economic growth with increased consumer spending. In addition, the Chinese government has encouraged its nationals to buy products and services that offer increased value.
The economic situation major Asian markets have presented the greatest opportunity for the company to introduce and sell its products. In addition, the Chinese population consists majorly of the younger generation who are the target market for the company products. The economic factors in the developing Asian markets are favorable for the company internationalization strategy.
Social and cultural factors The company products are sold in open cultural events particularly in sporting events. Moreover, its target market of younger generation pursues vogue and vigorous activities such as sports. The lifestyles are similar in almost all parts of the world. In addition, the company products ingredients are simplified to meet the energy needs of such kind of activities.
The ingredients of the products have high calories contents with improved energetic elements a characteristic that is praised highly by many sports participants. In essence, all the soft drink products that the company has launched into the market have been popular among the younger generation and the high performers. The company has portrayed its products as having revolutionized the sports fraternity.
We will write a custom Report on Marketing Planning: Red Bull Soft Drinks specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, the company has been keen to focus on the needs and wants of the target market. In general, younger generations as well as those in high performance sports need drinks with high-energy content. Indeed, almost all the products of the company have achieved that objective.
Legal environment As indicated before, the company is operating in many countries around the world with various legal regulations. Moreover, these countries have their own domestic companies that produce similar competing products. Commercial regulations are varied ranging from preferential regulations to corporate laws.
The company is facing many challenges and including corporate tax regulations, tariffs as well as increased costs in terms of distribution since its manufacturing is centrally placed. Such legal obligations have increased the risks for the company.
Besides, most of the products take long time before being introduced in the market because of legalities relating to distribution channels. The legal challenges have contributed negatively to the growth of the company’s international market share.
Marketing mix The company will be using various marketing strategies to position its products into the worldwide soft drink market. Included in the market skimming strategies are product and pricing strategies, placing strategies, and promotional strategies.
Product and Pricing strategies There are varieties of soft drink brands that the company produces. The innovative capabilities of the firm will ensure the development and production of products offering varied choices for customers. Moreover, the company has recently launched another product into the market. The product will be improved to suit the customer needs and bring convenience, a mixture of value and quality.
As expected, the quality and value addition attract high prices. Most of the company soft drinks are middle-high particularly non-carbonated water. However, most of the company products are targeting high-end customers. The high-quality high-prices strategy will be applied particularly to outperform the competitors.
In addition, the product and pricing strategy will aim at widening the spectrum of customers the company is targeting. In fact, the company has been targeting customers at high-income level. Nevertheless, with the entry of more competitors, the company will be forced to widen its scope and capture middle and low-income clientele.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Marketing Planning: Red Bull Soft Drinks by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Placing strategies The company will adopt the business to customer distribution channel in order to directly deal with its customers. Direct interaction with the customers will lead to the development of the products that suit the customer needs. Moreover, the direct sales of its products will lead to the expanded market share. However, the company stores around the world are still limited given the fact that the company manufacturing is centrally placed. Therefore, the company should expand its distribution stores to reach all manner of customers.
The promotion strategies The promotion strategies will include advertising, public relations, and sales promotions. The company will be using innovative advertising to attract and inform its customers about the company products both in mass and digital media. Besides, the company will utilize its products association with sports to appeal to many people as well as a method of maintaining its public relations.
The success of the company on public relations will improve the company goodwill and attracts the public attention. Further, the company will provide special offers to associated sports people as a good way to stimulate and retain its customer’s loyalty.
Strategic planning The company will take advantage of its current leadership in the energy soft drink to position itself in the new markets. Even though the latest statistics indicate global slump in the company growth in market share, the growth of Red bull in terms of market share is still increasing and approximated to be over 21% in the last financial year.
The growth indicates the strength of the company brand and reputation as well as the confidence the consumers have on the company brands (Russell 6). The firm will utilize the advantages gained from the current position in the world energy soft drink to expand into the new and potential markets.
The company will also use competitive prices to position itself into the new market such as Indonesia where prices are considered very sensitive. The prices of the soft drink will be lowered targeting the middle-end markets particularly the younger generations. Moreover, the company will utilize its resources to develop superior products with additional flavors considered special by the locals.
In addition, the company will break away from its traditional high-end prices and offer competitive prices for its new products. In other words, the company will lower prices of most of its products to customer with low income. In essence, the company will reduce the price differentiation between the products. In other words, the company products will continue to be the premium products in terms of prices (Moth 7).
However, to gain popularity among the younger generation customers and wide demographic accessibility the company will reduce the prices and increase the volume of growth in the targeted markets. The company will also utilize its brand image to position its products into the new markets.
For instance, the company association with sporting events will be utilized to market the products into the new markets. The company will sponsor events and manage a wide range of extreme sporting events, which will be associated with the company products. The association with such sporting events will be additional competitive advantage as the knowledge of the company products will increase particularly among the lovers of sporting events.
Through purchasing relevant facilities, teams and sponsoring live events, Red bull aim to succeed in the future through sustaining a larger mainstream audience and loyal customers (Russell 9). In essence, the company will utilize its competitive advantages to develop and sustain its market growth in the internationalization strategy.
Timing and mode of entry Entering into the international market requires advanced knowledge of the market in terms of the competitors. To enter into the new markets, Red bull soft drink has to utilize the market entries that will increase its competitive advantage. The market entry available to the firm includes franchising, joint ventures and utterly held subsidiaries.
Franchising The company will utilize the business knowledge of other local soft drink companies acting as a franchisee in host countries to expand the company’s business activities. Red bull soft drink will utilize the market leadership in energy soft drink market to provide capital, technical skills, and business expertise (Moth 7).
The firm will also use this mode of entry in China where there is uncertainty in political and economic conditions. The uncertainty in the Chinese market makes this mode of entry more suitable. The major advantage of this mode is that the company will not need to bear the costs and risks related to development and entry into the new market.
The cutback in overheads and threats allied to charters enlarges the corporation’s efficacy in searching for the fresh bazaars. However, the corporations will hardly have any power over the trade dealings mostly where the bylaws call for the businesses to observe the eminence ideals.
Joint ventures Red bull also has the option of utilizing the most commonly used entry mode by firms all over the world. Using this entry mode, Red bull soft drink will form an alliance with similar firm in the new market in order to attain the greater position. In most cases, the joint venture will require that the company have equal share in terms of costs benefits (McNaughton 6).
Nevertheless, the equal sharing arrangement will take away the control of some operations of the firm. In order to achieve stringent direction and have superior allocation entitlements, Red bull must devote additional finance to the mutual schemes. The advantage with this entry mode is that risks and costs associated with operating into the new market will be shared.
In addition, Red bull will gain market knowledge from the joint venture firm as well as be capable of exploring new market. With little regard to the conflicts that might arise from the joint venture, the firm will take advantage of the local firm’s capability of influencing the local government to allow the company to enter, establish, and dominate global markets.
Utterly held auxiliaries Utterly held subsidiaries imply that Red bull will have to cuddle a hundred percent allotment of the far-off units. For the firm to own a subsidiary in these new markets, Red bull must establish a new entity with full operations or fully acquire an existing firm. The acquired firm must be well built within the industry. Red bull stand to gain a lot from this mode as the company will easily promote its products (McNaughton 7).
The reason is that the firm will have tight control over business operations because of full ownership. In addition, compared with other modes, the firm will implement its own strategic plans and does not risk losing the competitive advantage as well as technical skills to other firms. Apart from full control and reduced risks, the firm will enjoy full benefits of expanding into the new market.
Managing, measuring and controlling the marketing effort The company will utilize its financial management capabilities developed over the years to manage its marketing efforts and internationalization programs. In particular, the company will direct its financial resources into the marketing activities that have high capabilities of adding more value to the firm.
In other words, the company will spend more into marketing activities likely to contribute to increased returns in terms of market growth and expansion. The marketing activities will be measured in terms of sales volumes generated, the popularity of the brand as well as in terms of growth in investments to the company over a specified period.
In addition, the company will streamline marketing activities to only those considered beneficial. Moreover, marketing efforts will be directed to specific areas where the company hopes to introduce its brands or in places where the performance of the company brands against those of the competitors are waning.
Works Cited McNaughton, Marissa 2012, How Social Was The Red Bull Stratos Live Jump Publicity Stunt? PDF file. Web.
Moth, David 2013, How Red Bull uses Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Google . PDF file. Web.
Russell, Michael 2012, BRAZIL: Red Bull gets green light for Brazil facility. PDF file. Web.
Civil Rights Movements Essay cheap essay help: cheap essay help
The United States and Europe have different historical formations. While the history of Europe is characterized by imperialism and the desire of the rich to dominate the poor, the history of the United States is characterized by racial segregation and discrimination. Before the American Revolution which culminated into American independence from Great Britain, the Americans were literally united against one enemy; the colonizer.
However, after independence, very sharp divisions emerged between the white Americans and the non white Americans especially the black and Asian Americans. Racial discrimination was the order of the day and was propagated in various institutions such as schools, churches, and hotels and even in the transport sector.
In 1960s, the blacks under the influence of Martin Luther King staged what they termed as a resistance of white racial discrimination. This was the onset of many civil rights movements which emerged spontaneously to agitate for various rights and resist racial segregation on various grounds.
By 1960s, Americans were considering themselves not only as civilized but also as mature enough to be a liberal society and this made the non whites come out to stand for their rights once and for all. In fact, they considered the civil rights movement as a second liberation.
The difference between the civil rights movements and the revolution war which led to American independence was that the civil rights movements were largely peaceful even though some got out of control and turned violent. One of the famous civil rights movements was the bus boycott, which saw the blacks walk to work for many days to resist racial segregation in the transport sector (Morris 18)
The civil rights movements spread to Europe but took a different form. While the American civil rights movements were mainly against racial segregation, those in Europe were against class and gender segregation.The civil rights movements coincided with the feminist movement in Europe, which was primarily formed to defend the rights of women and the minority groups in Europe.
Before the emergence of feminism, women were denied some basic rights such as the right to vote, the right to decide when to have children and also the right to own property. The civil rights movements in Europe therefore aimed at attaining equality between men and women and do away with social classes which had threatened to cause a revolution.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The gap between the rich and the poor and also widened tremendously. The teachings of Karl Marx, the German sociologist were also gaining popularity in Europe and the proletariats were ready to push for better wages and improved working conditions.
Karl Marx had argued that the poor were being exploited by the rich and both the rich and the poor suffered what he called a false class consciousness. The poor were also alienated from their labor in the capitalism system which had penetrated the European society after war. The civil rights movements awakened the poor and made them realize that they were being exploited by the rich through hard labor and poor wages.
The difference in the nature of the civil rights movements in the United States and Europe was that both had different issues of interest to them. However, the civil rights movements happened spontaneously both in the United States and Europe. Through the civil rights movements, the discrimination against the blacks in the United States was reduced to a great extent while in Europe; women were granted the rights which they had been denied before the civil rights movements (Hall 15).
Works Cited Hall, Simon. Peace and freedom: the civil rights and antiwar movements in the 1960s. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.Print.
Morris, Aldon. The origins of the civil rights movement: Black communities organizing for change. New York: Free Press, 1986. Print.
Compensation Plan Outline Essay essay help free
Introduction Compensation structure is a systematically developed plan that reveals an organizations reimbursement philosophy. It gives a structural and credible system or guideline that companies use to pay their employees. Notably, there are two main compensation structures or plans that companies have been using. The compensation structures provide HR officials in various institutions with clear basis of setting remuneration benchmarks that enables them to treat their employees fairly.
The two structures include internal equity method of salary determination and hierarchical structure (Ojimba, 2002). In particular, internal equity method of salary determination has been widely used in most companies. It uses a grid to ensure that salaries of officers at various levels of operation are based on the pay levels of officials who are ranked above and below.
However, hierarchical structure that has been adopted in various institutions including Dell uses the prevailing market rate the determine employees remuneration. The technique is ideal for most companies since it fosters holistic consideration of the existing market rate of remuneration for various officers within the structure.
This is essential since it ensures that payment value of employees’ increases with the level of experience, merit, and responsibility. Ideally, effective payment structure is of great significance since it enables companies to give credible answers pertaining to employees roles and why remuneration value is dissimilar at various levels. It also helps HR personnel in companies to implement formulated payment strategies fairly.
Evaluation of the existing compensation plan Dell Company has a fair and effective compensation structure that is implemented by its HR department. The company’s compensation philosophy has enabled its HR department to address remuneration issues of its employees amicably through democratic processes. This is evident since the compensation structure provides a fair system that promotes reward of employees based on essential performance parameters.
The parameters include work done, quality of work, seniority, experience, and professional level (Ojimba, 2002). As noted, the company found it necessary to adopt hierarchical reward structure as opposed to equity internal technique that applies grid variances in determining salary scale of employees. The structure has been instrumental in promoting fairness in setting employees remuneration scales in the company.
For instance, it has enabled the HR department to adopt a personal focused-based compensation strategy as opposed to traditional bases. The rationale for adopting the structure was that not all employees are equal in terms of age, experience, knowhow, and professionalism. For instance, employees at the lower levels of the management structure cannot be matched and remunerated the same as top officials.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More That is the structure was adopted to provide a systematic and hierarchical basis for remuneration where the basic highlighted parameters are put into consideration (Ojimba, 2002). HR officials at Dell Company hail the structure and they affirm that it remains the best for the organization. They affirm that it has given them a clear policy guideline that enables them to set salary ranges effectively without discrimination.
Firstly, they recommend the structure since it takes into consideration the prevailing market rates and changes in the employment field. This gives them the opportunity to set salary scales and figures distinctively for various positions. Clearly, salary scales or basic emoluments that are given to employees of Dell company under the structure increases systematically with the level of individuals experience and responsibility in the company.
Indeed, the structure is the most appropriate for Dell Company. It has enabled the company to maximize on its resources by ensuring streamlined payments. It has enabled the company to pay its workers proportionately depending on their input levels. That is salary of employees is pegged on their input and output performance levels that has been enabling the company to avoid loses.
It has enabled the HR officials to management the payment system effectively and set remuneration figures fairly. This is because it has given them clear guidelines under which they have set minimum, mid-point, and maximum salary scales (Ojimba, 2002). Further, the compensation plan has helped in establishing who is who in the company, what role each person plays and why salary scales differs at various business levels.
The most beneficial ratio of internally and market consistent payment systems
As a measure to ensure employee retention and satisfaction, companies need to adopt beneficial ratios of internally and market consistent compensation systems. The compensation systems must ensure that internal equity exists when employees are rewarded for their input. The compensation ratio must be consistent and proportional to employees input including professionalism.
The ratios must also take into considerations market rate of payment and environment dynamics that are caused by competition as opposed to traditional considerations (Heneman, 2002). In review of Dell Company’s compensation structure and plan, the most viable ratio and market compensation system that would guarantee consistency on how it handles employees pay issues is market base pay ratio system.
The market base pay ratio system is preferred since it provides requisite remuneration base incentives that promote consistent satisfaction of employees. It gives a consistent and credible procedure on how remuneration ratios of employees at different positions are arrived at or calculated.
We will write a custom Essay on Compensation Plan Outline specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The ratio is highly beneficial since it promotes the adoption of incentive based and person-focused compensation strategies of setting remuneration standards (Martocchio, 2013). The strategies are conventionally relevant since they ensure holistic satisfaction of employee’s material needs as compared to traditional bases of remuneration.
Remarkably, the ratio takes into consideration market rate of payment, job group of an employee, Merit, experience, and responsibility of an employee. It provides a baseline payment system where individuals are paid depending on their classification or job group (Heneman, 2002). For instance, individuals who are classified as experienced are paid based on the ratio that is set for experienced individuals.
Indeed, market base pay ratio system would enable Dell Company to pay its employees consistently and in an equitable manner under various job categories as indicated in the schedule below. The schedule gives job groupings and the market base ratios that are used in calculating or determining salary scales.
Evaluation of the current pay structure used by Dell Company and assessment of the recognition of employee contributions
As indicated, Dell Company uses hierarchical compensation structure. The structure has enabled the company to provide personal focused recognition and rewards based on individuals potentials including input. The structure has been instrumental in enabling HR officials to design favorable remuneration ratios under which salary scales are pegged.
It has also enabled the HR officials to consider market rates of payments, merit, and task of employees when developing salary scales. According to Heneman (2002), hierarchical structure is a noble compensation strategy that ensures internal fairness in-terms of reward for work. Firstly, it ensures that each employee receives proportional payment to his work.
It also ensures that payments are done appropriately and in a consistent manner. Further, the structure has been enabling the institutions HR officials to design realistic and acceptable minimum, mid-point, and maximum salary levels. This has been essential in eradicating monetary wastage through a structured system of salary review.
Similarly, it enables proper classification of employees in terms of profession, level of operation, job group, and education level. This helps in establishing or knowing the roles of each employee, why their emoluments differ and who does what.
Conversely, the compensation structure enables HR officials to assess and monitor contributions of each employee in the company. The classification system that the structure facilitates enables managers to establish the performance level of each employee (Martocchio, 2013). For instance, managers would easily know performing employees since their ratings would be high compared to non-performing individuals.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Compensation Plan Outline by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The company managers have been able to achieve this since the remuneration system is pegged on key performance parameters that include experience, merit, and seniority. It has enabled managers to establish the contribution of each employee from the top to the subordinate staff. This is because remuneration and other lucrative incentives are reserved for recognition of exemplary employees.
Probable recommendations that can aid the effectiveness of the discretionary benefits provided by the company
As defined, discretionary benefits are basic incentives that contributes in improving long-term well-being of employees. They are significant in ensuring holistic motivation of employees to perform optimally in their respective areas of operation. Although Dell Company has favorable discretionary benefits structure, it needs to be more competitive in its discretionary benefits.
The company needs to be open to its employees, establish their needs, and adopt amore favorable strategy of satisfying their needs. It should not only focus on the traditional discretionary needs of employees that are no longer motivational in the current competitive world (Martocchio, 2013). Therefore, it is recommended for the company to consider adopting modern reward systems and enhancement of social assistance as key strategies to improve the effectiveness of its discretionary rewards.
Firstly, Dell Company should include more financial and non-financial incentives that provide holistic satisfaction. They should include career development opportunities, financial assistance, and development of proper retirement plans. They should also include recognition of effort, and payment of commissions on performance at regular and consistent intervals.
Social reward programs that the company should consider adopting to improve the effectiveness of discretionary benefits to employees include improvement of working conditions and allocation of social time or sessions. These strategies hold the capacity of enabling the company to curb the high rate of employee turnovers tat has been witnessed in various institutions.
They will also contribute in motivating employees towards recording exemplary performance and high productivity. Assessment of employer-sponsored retirement plans including health insurance programs provided by Dell Company and comparison to the company’s major competitors.
Dell Company provides credible employer-sponsored retirement plans to its employees to enable them retire honorably. The retirement plans that the company has organized for its employees include retirement savings and group healthcare plans. The sponsored plans are to enable the employees to benefit from economical technique of receiving discounted services (Stanton, 2013).
The company has enrolled its employees to the national retirement scheme and it pays monthly remittances on behalf of the employees at low cost. The payments that are remitted to the schemes are part of the discretional benefits that the company offers to its employees.
The company also provides health insurance programs to its employees. The programs that include social security, health insurance, dental, and Medicare insurance are meant to enhance employee’s safety and health status. This is essential in enabling them to be more productive and focused in their duties (Stanton, 2013).
Evidently, Dell Company is credited for adopting the most flexible, credible employer-sponsored retirement schemes, and health insurance programs than its key competitors that include Lenovo, Toshiba among others. The company’s key competitors have not been focusing on providing quality sponsored retirement incentives or enrolling their employees to credible retirement schemes.
This has been hindering their employees from enjoying the benefits that accrues from economical techniques of acquiring discounted services compared to Dells employees. The companies has only been focusing on providing a number of health programs to their employees that include health insurance plans and social security plans. However, the health programs that they provide still remains inferior compared to Dell’s health insurance programs.
Conclusion Compensation structure is significant since it gives a structural and credible system or guideline that companies use to pay their employees. The structure is important in any business organization that pays workers. Indeed, any business organization that provides payment or salary to workers should have clear forms of payment. The payment structures must be prepared well and kept by the human resource officials who administer employee’s welfare including issues relating to remuneration.
This is vital since it is human resource officials who determine salary ranges for various positions and configure the scale of payment for specific duties that are performed by employees. They are the custodian of the payroll in institutions and their role is imperative in ensuring employee satisfaction.
References Heneman, L. (2002). Strategic reward management: Design, implementation, and evaluation. Greenwich, Conn: Information Age Publ.
Martocchio, J. (2013). Strategic Compensation: A Human Resource Management Approach: Boston: Pearson.
Ojimba, E. (2002). Pay Structures. Web.
Stanton, M. (2013). Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance. Web.